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1. Nagaiah G, Stotler C, Orem J, Mwanda WO, Remick SC: Ocular surface squamous neoplasia in patients with HIV infection in sub-Saharan Africa. Curr Opin Oncol; 2010 Sep;22(5):437-42
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  • [Title] Ocular surface squamous neoplasia in patients with HIV infection in sub-Saharan Africa.
  • PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Ocular surface squamous neoplasia (OSSN) in sub-Saharan countries is an aggressive tumor that affects younger patients and appears to be increasing in incidence.
  • We undertook a PubMed search with the terms 'ocular surface squamous neoplasia', 'conjunctival carcinoma', 'HIV' and 'HPV', and 'sub-Saharan/Africa' to ascertain the scope of the problem and to review the available data, with an emphasis on publications of 2009 and the first quarter of 2010.
  • Treatment in Africa is primarily surgical.
  • Chemotherapy and antiviral agents have been used.
  • A diagnosis of OSSN in younger patients in sub-Saharan Africa should prompt HIV serotesting.
  • [MeSH-major] Carcinoma, Squamous Cell / etiology. Eye Neoplasms / etiology. HIV Infections / complications

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  • (PMID = 20639761.001).
  • [ISSN] 1531-703X
  • [Journal-full-title] Current opinion in oncology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Curr Opin Oncol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Grant] United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / D43 CA153707
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ NIHMS634283; NLM/ PMC4209293
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2. Shields CL, Naseripour M, Shields JA: Topical mitomycin C for extensive, recurrent conjunctival-corneal squamous cell carcinoma. Am J Ophthalmol; 2002 May;133(5):601-6
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  • [Title] Topical mitomycin C for extensive, recurrent conjunctival-corneal squamous cell carcinoma.
  • PURPOSE: To evaluate the efficacy of topical mitomycin C for extensive recurrent conjunctival and corneal squamous cell carcinoma (SCC).
  • Ten patients (ten eyes) with extensive recurrent conjunctival and corneal SCC were studied.
  • The patients received topical mitomycin C 0.04% one drop four times daily in the eye with SCC.
  • Treatment cycles were defined as 1 week using medication followed by 1 week without medication.
  • Such treatment cycles were repeated until resolution of the conjunctival malignancy was clinically evident.
  • The main outcome measures were tumor response and medication-related complications.
  • Before referral, the patients had undergone a median of two previous conjunctival tumor resections revealing the diagnosis of in situ SCC in three cases and locally invasive SCC in six cases.
  • At presentation, the tumor involved the limbus and cornea in all ten eyes, forniceal conjunctiva in three eyes, and tarsal conjunctiva in one eye.
  • The extensive tumor affected a median of 10 clock hours of limbal conjunctiva and 10 clock hours of cornea, with corneal epithelial invasion for a median of 50% (range 20%-100%) of its surface.
  • Mitomycin C 0.04% four times daily was applied for a median of three cycles (range 1-4 cycles).
  • CONCLUSIONS: Based on this small series, topical mitomycin C 0.04% appears to be a safe and effective therapy for conjunctival or corneal SCC, even when there is extensive recurrent tumor.
  • [MeSH-major] Antibiotics, Antineoplastic / therapeutic use. Carcinoma, Squamous Cell / drug therapy. Conjunctival Neoplasms / drug therapy. Corneal Diseases / drug therapy. Eye Neoplasms / drug therapy. Mitomycin / therapeutic use. Neoplasm Recurrence, Local / drug therapy
  • [MeSH-minor] Administration, Topical. Adult. Aged. Drug Evaluation. Female. Humans. Male. Middle Aged. Prospective Studies. Safety. Treatment Outcome


3. Molteni A, Ward WF, Ts'ao CH, Taylor J, Small W Jr, Brizio-Molteni L, Veno PA: Cytostatic properties of some angiotensin I converting enzyme inhibitors and of angiotensin II type I receptor antagonists. Curr Pharm Des; 2003;9(9):751-61
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  • [Title] Cytostatic properties of some angiotensin I converting enzyme inhibitors and of angiotensin II type I receptor antagonists.
  • Angiotensin converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitors and angiotensin II (AII) type 1 receptor antagonists have strong cytostatic properties on in vitro cultures of many normal and neoplastic cells.
  • They are effective, in particular, in reducing the growth of human lung fibroblasts, renal canine epithelial cells, bovine adrenal endothelial cells, simian T lymphocytes, and of neoplastic cell lines derived from human neuroblastomas, a ductal pancreatic carcinoma of the Syrian hamsters, human salivary glands adenocarcinomas, and two lines of human breast adenocarcinomas.
  • ACE inhibitors and AII type 1 receptor antagonists are also effective in reducing excessive vascular neoformation in a model of injury to the cornea of rats and rabbits, and in controlling the excessive angiogenesis observed in the Solt-Farber model of experimentally induced hepatoma, in methylcholantrene or radiation-induced fibrosarcomas, in radiation-induced squamous cell carcinomas and in the MA-16 viral-induced mammary carcinoma of the mouse.
  • The mitogenic effect of AII is well established and a reduction of AII synthesis may well explain cell and neoplasm delayed growth.
  • Moreover, AII regulates and enhances the activity of several growth factors including transforming growth factor B (TGFB) and smooth muscle actin (SMA); and many of these factors are reduced in tissues of animals treated with ACE inhibitors and AII type 1 receptor antagonists.
  • The ACE inhibitors containing a sulphydril (SH) or thiol radical in their moiety (Captopril and CL242817) seemed to be more effective in controlling fibrosis and the growth of some neoplastic cells than those ACE inhibitors without this thiol radical in their structure, even if the second group of these drugs show in vitro a stronger inhibitory effect on converting enzyme activity.
  • However, although these additional properties are pharmacologically relevant, the blockade of AII synthesis plays an essential role in the cytostatic activity of these two categories of drugs.
  • These observations underline that in addition to the beneficial effect of these drugs on the cardiovascular system, new potential applications are opening for their wider deployment.
  • [MeSH-minor] Animals. Humans. Neoplasms / drug therapy. Neoplasms / metabolism. Receptors, Angiotensin / physiology

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  • (PMID = 12570792.001).
  • [ISSN] 1381-6128
  • [Journal-full-title] Current pharmaceutical design
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Curr. Pharm. Des.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Grant] United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / CA 24652; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / CA 52750; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / CA 64239; United States / NIDDK NIH HHS / DK / DK 15612; United States / NHLBI NIH HHS / HL / HL 25106
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.; Review
  • [Publication-country] Netherlands
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Angiotensin Receptor Antagonists; 0 / Angiotensin-Converting Enzyme Inhibitors; 0 / Antineoplastic Agents; 0 / Receptors, Angiotensin
  • [Number-of-references] 70
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4. Prabhasawat P, Tarinvorakup P, Tesavibul N, Uiprasertkul M, Kosrirukvongs P, Booranapong W, Srivannaboon S: Topical 0.002% mitomycin C for the treatment of conjunctival-corneal intraepithelial neoplasia and squamous cell carcinoma. Cornea; 2005 May;24(4):443-8
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  • [Title] Topical 0.002% mitomycin C for the treatment of conjunctival-corneal intraepithelial neoplasia and squamous cell carcinoma.
  • PURPOSE: To demonstrate the efficacy of topical 0.002% mitomycin C (MMC) as an adjunctive and alternative treatment in primary and recurrent conjunctival-corneal intraepithelial neoplasia (CCIN) and squamous cell carcinoma (SCC).
  • All cases were treated with topical 0.002% MMC 4 times daily.
  • The tumor size pre- and post-treatment, clinical response, and ocular complications were evaluated.
  • Before MMC treatment, 6 eyes (85.7%) had recurrences after surgical excision.
  • MMC 0.002% 4 times daily was applied for a period of 5.4 +/- 4.4 weeks (range, 2-14).
  • Side effects of MMC therapy included ocular irritation, mild conjunctival hyperemia, and punctate keratopathy.
  • The mean follow-up time was 30.7 +/- 15 months (range, 2-52) with no evidence of clinical recurrence in any case.
  • CONCLUSIONS: Topical 0.002% MMC showed a favorable outcome as an adjunctive and alternative treatment of CCIN and SCC with regression of primary and recurrent tumors.
  • [MeSH-major] Antibiotics, Antineoplastic / administration & dosage. Carcinoma in Situ / drug therapy. Carcinoma, Squamous Cell / drug therapy. Conjunctival Neoplasms / drug therapy. Corneal Diseases / drug therapy. Eye Neoplasms / drug therapy. Mitomycin / administration & dosage
  • [MeSH-minor] Administration, Topical. Adult. Aged. Dose-Response Relationship, Drug. Female. Humans. Male. Middle Aged. Retrospective Studies. Treatment Outcome


5. Karasawa K, Matsuda H, Tanaka A: Superficial keratectomy and topical mitomycin C as therapy for a corneal squamous cell carcinoma in a dog. J Small Anim Pract; 2008 Apr;49(4):208-10
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  • [Title] Superficial keratectomy and topical mitomycin C as therapy for a corneal squamous cell carcinoma in a dog.
  • A 10-year-old female West Highland white terrier was presented with refractory hyperplastic keratitis of the left cornea of one month's duration.
  • At this time, a vascularised and rough lesion 5 mm in diameter was observed on the left cornea.
  • The corneal neoplasm was surgically removed and histologically diagnosed as a squamous cell carcinoma.
  • For two months after the surgery, 0.04 percent mitomycin C (MMC) eye drops were applied as adjuvant chemotherapy.
  • Primary corneal squamous cell carcinoma with no history of keratoconjunctivitis sicca is rare in dogs.
  • In the present report, surgical removal of the neoplasm was combined with the topical administration of the anticancer drug mitomycin C and a good prognosis was obtained.
  • The result indicates that the combination treatment used in this case may be an appropriate therapeutic choice for corneal squamous cell carcinoma in dogs.
  • [MeSH-major] Carcinoma, Squamous Cell / veterinary. Corneal Diseases / veterinary. Dog Diseases / drug therapy. Dog Diseases / surgery. Eye Neoplasms / veterinary
  • [MeSH-minor] Administration, Topical. Animals. Combined Modality Therapy. Corneal Surgery, Laser / methods. Corneal Surgery, Laser / veterinary. Dogs. Female. Mitomycin / administration & dosage. Mitomycin / therapeutic use. Prognosis. Treatment Outcome

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  • (PMID = 17725585.001).
  • [ISSN] 0022-4510
  • [Journal-full-title] The Journal of small animal practice
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Small Anim Pract
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 50SG953SK6 / Mitomycin
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6. Hirata A, Ogawa S, Kometani T, Kuwano T, Naito S, Kuwano M, Ono M: ZD1839 (Iressa) induces antiangiogenic effects through inhibition of epidermal growth factor receptor tyrosine kinase. Cancer Res; 2002 May 1;62(9):2554-60
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  • Epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) tyrosine kinase is a potential target for anticancer therapy.
  • Both ZD1839 and SU5416 [a vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF)-receptor tyrosine kinase inhibitor] inhibited the migration of human umbilical vein endothelial cell cocultivated with EGF-stimulated cancer cells.
  • Moreover, ZD1839 almost completely blocked EGF-induced neovascularization of mice cornea, and SU5416 partially blocked neovascularization.
  • [MeSH-major] Angiogenesis Inhibitors / pharmacology. Endothelium, Vascular / drug effects. Enzyme Inhibitors / pharmacology. Quinazolines / pharmacology. Receptor, Epidermal Growth Factor / antagonists & inhibitors
  • [MeSH-minor] Animals. Carcinoma, Squamous Cell / drug therapy. Carcinoma, Squamous Cell / enzymology. Carcinoma, Squamous Cell / metabolism. Cell Movement / drug effects. Cells, Cultured. Cornea / blood supply. Endothelial Growth Factors / antagonists & inhibitors. Endothelial Growth Factors / biosynthesis. Enzyme Activation / drug effects. Epidermal Growth Factor / antagonists & inhibitors. Female. Humans. Interleukin-8 / antagonists & inhibitors. Interleukin-8 / biosynthesis. Lymphokines / antagonists & inhibitors. Lymphokines / biosynthesis. Male. Mitogen-Activated Protein Kinase Kinases / antagonists & inhibitors. Mitogen-Activated Protein Kinase Kinases / metabolism. Neovascularization, Physiologic / drug effects. Tumor Cells, Cultured. Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor A. Vascular Endothelial Growth Factors. Vulvar Neoplasms / drug therapy. Vulvar Neoplasms / enzymology. Vulvar Neoplasms / metabolism

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  • (PMID = 11980649.001).
  • [ISSN] 0008-5472
  • [Journal-full-title] Cancer research
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Cancer Res.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Angiogenesis Inhibitors; 0 / Endothelial Growth Factors; 0 / Enzyme Inhibitors; 0 / Interleukin-8; 0 / Lymphokines; 0 / Quinazolines; 0 / Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor A; 0 / Vascular Endothelial Growth Factors; 62229-50-9 / Epidermal Growth Factor; EC 2.7.10.1 / Receptor, Epidermal Growth Factor; EC 2.7.12.2 / Mitogen-Activated Protein Kinase Kinases; S65743JHBS / gefitinib
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7. Robinson JW, Brownstein S, Jordan DR, Hodge WG: Conjunctival mucoepidermoid carcinoma in a patient with ocular cicatricial pemphigoid and a review of the literature. Surv Ophthalmol; 2006 Sep-Oct;51(5):513-9
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  • [Title] Conjunctival mucoepidermoid carcinoma in a patient with ocular cicatricial pemphigoid and a review of the literature.
  • Invasive mucoepidermoid carcinoma of the conjunctiva of the left lower eyelid was diagnosed in an orbital exenteration specimen of a 57-year-old woman, after a biopsy of the same lesion was originally diagnosed as invasive squamous cell carcinoma.
  • The woman was undergoing mitomycin C injections for ocular cicatricial pemphigoid, diagnosed in the same eye 2 years prior to identification of the neoplasm.
  • The tumor invaded the cornea, sclera, lacrimal gland, regional small nerves, and lymphatics, but did not show intraocular involvement.
  • The original biopsy specimen was reassessed with stains for mucin and found to be mucoepidermoid carcinoma of the conjunctiva.
  • We reviewed 21 cases of mucoepidermoid carcinoma of the conjunctiva described to date in the English literature.
  • Evaluating suspected aggressive squamous cell carcinoma with special stains for mucin generally helps to identify mucoepidermoid carcinoma of the conjunctiva.
  • More extensive surgical excision than that used for squamous cell carcinoma should be implemented in the management of mucoepidermoid carcinoma of the conjunctiva to prevent recurrence.
  • [MeSH-major] Carcinoma, Mucoepidermoid / pathology. Conjunctival Neoplasms / pathology. Conjunctivitis / complications. Pemphigoid, Benign Mucous Membrane / complications
  • [MeSH-minor] Basement Membrane / pathology. Biopsy. Drug Therapy, Combination. Female. Fluorometholone / therapeutic use. Humans. Middle Aged. Mitomycin / therapeutic use. Neoplasm Invasiveness. Ofloxacin / therapeutic use


8. Caujolle JP, Maschi C, Chauvel P, Herault J, Gastaud P: [Surgery and additional protontherapy for treatment of invasive and recurrent squamous cell carcinomas: technique and preliminary results]. J Fr Ophtalmol; 2009 Dec;32(10):707-14
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  • [Title] [Surgery and additional protontherapy for treatment of invasive and recurrent squamous cell carcinomas: technique and preliminary results].
  • [Transliterated title] Association chirurgie-protonthérapie dans le traitement des carcinomes invasifs et récidivants de la conjonctive: technique et résultats préliminaires.
  • INTRODUCTION: Invasive squamous cell carcinomas are uncommon neoplasias with high recurrence and mortality rates.
  • The improvement of tumoral control requires additional treatments such as cryotherapy, topical chemotherapy, and radiotherapy.
  • We present the technique and preliminary results of associating treatment with surgery and proton beam therapy for recurrent and invasive squamous cell carcinomas.
  • MATERIALS AND METHODS: From June 2001 to September 2008, 15 patients were treated in our ocular oncologic center for squamous cell carcinomas either with recurrences or with invaded resection margins.
  • The treatment combined new surgical resection with protontherapy.
  • Specific improvements in proton beam therapy have been made at the Nice Cyclotron to adapt the treatment to conjunctival tumors.
  • In 13 cases (86.8%), the bulbar and limbic conjunctiva was involved, in five of these cases the cornea was invaded, and the anterior chamber was involved in one case.
  • Moreover, proton beam therapy was performed more than 6 months after the initial treatment.
  • Exenteration and enucleation had to be performed to treat these recurrences 6 and 24 months after proton beam therapy.
  • No patients developed recurrences with additional proton beam therapy performed within 6 months after initial surgical resection.
  • CONCLUSION: Traditional adjuvant treatments often failed to control recurring and invasive squamous cell carcinomas.
  • The preliminary results of the present study suggest that proton beam therapy may be considered as a good alternative to traditional treatments with acceptable side effects.
  • [MeSH-major] Carcinoma, Squamous Cell / radiotherapy. Carcinoma, Squamous Cell / surgery. Conjunctival Neoplasms / radiotherapy. Conjunctival Neoplasms / surgery. Neoplasm Recurrence, Local / radiotherapy. Neoplasm Recurrence, Local / surgery. Protons / therapeutic use
  • [MeSH-minor] Aged. Aged, 80 and over. Combined Modality Therapy. Female. Humans. Male. Middle Aged. Neoplasm Invasiveness

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  • (PMID = 19942315.001).
  • [ISSN] 1773-0597
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal français d'ophtalmologie
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Fr Ophtalmol
  • [Language] fre
  • [Publication-type] English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] France
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Protons
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9. Tejani MA, Cohen RB, Mehra R: The contribution of cetuximab in the treatment of recurrent and/or metastatic head and neck cancer. Biologics; 2010 Aug 09;4:173-85
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  • [Title] The contribution of cetuximab in the treatment of recurrent and/or metastatic head and neck cancer.
  • Recurrent and/or metastatic squamous cell carcinoma of the head and neck (HNSCC) continues to be a source of significant morbidity and mortality worldwide.
  • Cetuximab, a monoclonal antibody against the EGFR, improves locoregional control and overall survival when used as a radiation sensitizer in patients with locoregionally advanced HNSCC undergoing definitive radiation therapy with curative intent.
  • Cetuximab is also active as monotherapy in patients whose cancer has progressed on platinum-containing therapy.
  • In the first-line setting for incurable HNSCC, cetuximab added to platinum-based chemotherapy significantly improves overall survival compared with standard chemotherapy alone.
  • In this review, we will discuss the mechanism of action, clinical data and common toxicities that pertain to the use of cetuximab in the treatment of advanced incurable HNSCC.

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  • (PMID = 20714355.001).
  • [ISSN] 1177-5491
  • [Journal-full-title] Biologics : targets & therapy
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Biologics
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] New Zealand
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC2921255
  • [Keywords] NOTNLM ; cetuximab / epidermal growth factor receptor / squamous cell carcinoma of the head and neck
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10. Zaki AA, Farid SF: Management of intraepithelial and invasive neoplasia of the cornea and conjunctiva: a long-term follow up. Cornea; 2009 Oct;28(9):986-8
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  • [Title] Management of intraepithelial and invasive neoplasia of the cornea and conjunctiva: a long-term follow up.
  • PURPOSE: The aim of this work is to report the long-term results of using immunotherapy for the management of cornea and conjunctiva intraepithelial neoplasia and squamous cell carcinoma after surgical excision of the neoplasm.
  • METHODS: Ten eyes of 10 patients with cornea and conjunctiva intraepithelial neoplasia or squamous cell carcinoma had wide surgical excisions of the neoplasm after evaluation of the level of corneal involvement using ultrasound biomicroscopy.
  • All eyes received topical cyclosporine A (0.05%) and topical mitomycin C (0.01%) 4 times daily for 12 weeks after surgery.
  • Epithelial toxicity (punctate keratopathy) occurred in 3 eyes, ocular irritation and mild conjunctival hyperemia in 5 eyes, and lid toxicity in 2 cases during the treatment with mitomycin C.
  • There were no serious complications that necessitated stopping the treatment.
  • CONCLUSION: During a 2-year follow-up period, the use of topical cyclosporine A (0.05%) combined with mitomycin C (0.01%) as an adjunctive treatment after surgical excision in cornea and conjunctiva intraepithelial neoplasia and squamous cell carcinoma was found to prevent tumor recurrence, especially in extensive lesions, when surgical excision cannot ensure a tumor-free margin.
  • [MeSH-major] Carcinoma in Situ / therapy. Carcinoma, Squamous Cell / therapy. Conjunctival Neoplasms / therapy. Corneal Diseases / therapy. Eye Neoplasms / therapy
  • [MeSH-minor] Aged. Chemotherapy, Adjuvant. Combined Modality Therapy. Cyclosporine / administration & dosage. Drug Therapy, Combination. Female. Follow-Up Studies. Humans. Male. Mitomycin / administration & dosage. Neoplasm Invasiveness. Ophthalmologic Surgical Procedures. Treatment Outcome

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  • [CommentIn] Cornea. 2012 Apr;31(4):465 [22314824.001]
  • [CommentIn] Cornea. 2011 Apr;30(4):486; author reply 486-7 [21107255.001]
  • (PMID = 19724215.001).
  • [ISSN] 1536-4798
  • [Journal-full-title] Cornea
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Cornea
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 50SG953SK6 / Mitomycin; 83HN0GTJ6D / Cyclosporine
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11. Schallenberg M, Niederdräing N, Steuhl KP, Meller D: [Topical Mitomycin C as a therapy of conjunctival tumours]. Ophthalmologe; 2008 Aug;105(8):777-84
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  • [Title] [Topical Mitomycin C as a therapy of conjunctival tumours].
  • [Transliterated title] Topisches Mitomycin C als Therapie konjunktivaler Tumore.
  • Surgical excision with tumour free margins is the gold standard for squamous cell and melanocytic tumours of the conjunctiva.
  • Therefore, alternative or adjuvant therapies are required.
  • Topical chemotherapy with mitomycin C (MMC) is increasingly finding use in clinical practice.
  • Present studies have shown that mitomycin C is a good option in squamous cell neoplasia of the conjunctiva.
  • MMC seems to be an option for the treatment of primary acquired melanosis (PAM); but, if the tumour is suspicious for melanoma primary chemotherapy with MMC is obsolete.
  • In these cases MMC can only be used as an adjuvant therapy, otherwise tumour control is not assured.
  • However, prospective randomized controlled trials are necessary for a final evaluation of MMC therapy in melanocytic tumours of the conjunctiva.
  • [MeSH-major] Antibiotics, Antineoplastic / administration & dosage. Carcinoma in Situ / drug therapy. Carcinoma, Squamous Cell / drug therapy. Conjunctival Neoplasms / drug therapy. Melanoma / drug therapy. Mitomycin / administration & dosage
  • [MeSH-minor] Administration, Topical. Drug Hypersensitivity / etiology. Humans. Melanosis / drug therapy. Treatment Outcome

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  • (PMID = 18618124.001).
  • [ISSN] 0941-293X
  • [Journal-full-title] Der Ophthalmologe : Zeitschrift der Deutschen Ophthalmologischen Gesellschaft
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Ophthalmologe
  • [Language] ger
  • [Publication-type] English Abstract; Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] Germany
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Antibiotics, Antineoplastic; 50SG953SK6 / Mitomycin
  • [Number-of-references] 62
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12. Ogun GO, Ogun OA, Bekibele CO, Akang EE: Intraepithelial and invasive squamous neoplasms of the conjunctiva in Ibadan, Nigeria: a clinicopathological study of 46 cases. Int Ophthalmol; 2009 Oct;29(5):401-9
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  • [Title] Intraepithelial and invasive squamous neoplasms of the conjunctiva in Ibadan, Nigeria: a clinicopathological study of 46 cases.
  • BACKGROUND/AIMS: To retrospectively evaluate the clinicopathological features, treatment modalities and factors affecting prognosis in patients with both conjunctival intraepithelial and invasive squamous neoplasms.
  • RESULTS: There were a total of 46 cases in 45 patients (eight intraepithelial carcinomas, 37 invasive squamous cell carcinomas (SCC) and a single case of mucoepidermoid carcinoma in a 71-year-old man).
  • Twenty-two (60%) of the patients with invasive SCC had enucleation or exenteration as the primary modality of treatment with or without radiotherapy or chemotherapy.
  • Altogether for intraepithelial and invasive squamous neoplasms, the duration of presenting complaints ranged from 1 month to 5 years with an average of 2 years.
  • Low socioeconomic status and inability to afford treatment was common among our patients.
  • CONCLUSION: Patients with invasive SCC in Nigeria present late and have significant delay before having any form of treatment.
  • [MeSH-major] Carcinoma in Situ / pathology. Carcinoma in Situ / physiopathology. Carcinoma, Squamous Cell / pathology. Carcinoma, Squamous Cell / physiopathology. Conjunctival Neoplasms / pathology. Conjunctival Neoplasms / physiopathology
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Age Distribution. Aged. Aged, 80 and over. Carcinoma, Mucoepidermoid / complications. Carcinoma, Mucoepidermoid / pathology. Carcinoma, Mucoepidermoid / physiopathology. Carcinoma, Mucoepidermoid / therapy. Female. Follow-Up Studies. Humans. Male. Middle Aged. Neoplasm Invasiveness. Nigeria / epidemiology. Retrospective Studies. Sex Distribution. Vision Disorders / etiology. Young Adult

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  • (PMID = 18784902.001).
  • [ISSN] 1573-2630
  • [Journal-full-title] International ophthalmology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Int Ophthalmol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Netherlands
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13. Siganos CS, Kozobolis VP, Christodoulakis EV: The intraoperative use of mitomycin-C in excision of ocular surface neoplasia with or without limbal autograft transplantation. Cornea; 2002 Jan;21(1):12-6
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  • METHODS: Seven patients (eight eyes), three men and four women, aged 56 to 87 years (mean, 73.8 years), with lesions suspicious for corneal or conjunctival neoplasia, were operated on between October 1998 and March 2000.
  • Histopathologic study showed four cases of squamous cell carcinoma, one case of carcinoma in situ, two cases of dysplasia, and one case of actinic keratosis.
  • Of the eight eyes, no clinical recurrence of the lesion occurred in seven eyes, whereas one eye with squamous cell carcinoma showed mild recurrence 5 months after surgery and was successfully treated with topical mitomycin-C.
  • CONCLUSION: The excision of conjunctival and corneal epithelial neoplasia combined with the intraoperative use of mitomycin-C seems to reduce the recurrence rate.
  • [MeSH-major] Antibiotics, Antineoplastic / therapeutic use. Conjunctival Neoplasms / surgery. Corneal Diseases / surgery. Epithelial Cells / transplantation. Eye Neoplasms / surgery. Limbus Corneae / cytology. Mitomycin / therapeutic use
  • [MeSH-minor] Aged. Aged, 80 and over. Carcinoma in Situ / drug therapy. Carcinoma in Situ / surgery. Carcinoma, Squamous Cell / drug therapy. Carcinoma, Squamous Cell / surgery. Cell Transplantation. Female. Humans. Intraoperative Care. Male. Middle Aged. Neoplasm Recurrence, Local / prevention & control. Transplantation, Autologous

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  • [CommentIn] Cornea. 2002 Nov;21(8):840-1; author reply 841-2 [12410051.001]
  • [ErratumIn] Cornea. 2003 Mar;22(2):189.
  • (PMID = 11805500.001).
  • [ISSN] 0277-3740
  • [Journal-full-title] Cornea
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Cornea
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Antibiotics, Antineoplastic; 50SG953SK6 / Mitomycin
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14. Kemp EG, Harnett AN, Chatterjee S: Preoperative topical and intraoperative local mitomycin C adjuvant therapy in the management of ocular surface neoplasias. Br J Ophthalmol; 2002 Jan;86(1):31-4
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Preoperative topical and intraoperative local mitomycin C adjuvant therapy in the management of ocular surface neoplasias.
  • AIMS: To demonstrate the efficacy of mitomycin C as adjuvant therapy preoperatively and intraoperatively in the management of recurrent or diffuse ocular surface neoplasias.
  • METHODS: The case notes of 11 patients receiving mitomycin C adjuvant therapy as 0.04% eye drops four times a day in two weekly courses preoperatively and/or a single intraoperative application of 0.4 mg/ml of mitomycin C were reviewed.
  • The histopathology included conjunctival primary acquired melanosis, conjunctival melanomas, sebaceous cell carcinomas with conjunctival intraepithelial spread, and conjunctival intraepithelial squamous neoplasias.
  • RESULTS: All cases showed a favourable response to mitomycin C adjuvant therapy with regression in size or retardation of a rapid growth pattern and no serious sequelae.
  • CONCLUSION: In this series, mitomycin C adjuvant therapy of recurrent or diffuse ocular surface neoplasias was well tolerated and showed favourable clinical results.
  • [MeSH-major] Antibiotics, Antineoplastic / administration & dosage. Carcinoma / drug therapy. Eye Neoplasms / drug therapy. Melanoma / drug therapy. Mitomycin / administration & dosage
  • [MeSH-minor] Administration, Topical. Adult. Aged. Aged, 80 and over. Chemotherapy, Adjuvant / methods. Female. Follow-Up Studies. Humans. Intraoperative Care / methods. Male. Middle Aged. Neoplasm Recurrence, Local / drug therapy. Neoplasm Recurrence, Local / surgery. Ophthalmic Solutions / administration & dosage. Preoperative Care / methods

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  • (PMID = 11801499.001).
  • [ISSN] 0007-1161
  • [Journal-full-title] The British journal of ophthalmology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Br J Ophthalmol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Letter
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Antibiotics, Antineoplastic; 0 / Ophthalmic Solutions; 50SG953SK6 / Mitomycin
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC1770962
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15. Khong JJ, Muecke J: Complications of mitomycin C therapy in 100 eyes with ocular surface neoplasia. Br J Ophthalmol; 2006 Jul;90(7):819-22
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  • [Title] Complications of mitomycin C therapy in 100 eyes with ocular surface neoplasia.
  • AIM: To determine the complications associated with mitomycin C (MMC) in the treatment of ocular surface neoplasia.
  • Outcome measures included complications of MMC and the treatment required for these complications.
  • RESULTS: One to three 7 day cycles of topical MMC 0.04% four times a day were given to 59 eyes with localised corneal-conjunctival intraepithelial neoplasia (CIN), 19 eyes with diffuse CIN, six eyes with recurrent CIN, one eye with ocular surface squamous cell carcinoma, three eyes with primary acquired melanosis (PAM) with atypia, nine eyes with conjunctival malignant melanoma (MM), two eyes with sebaceous carcinoma with pagetoid spread, and one eye with recurrent atypical fibroxanthoma.
  • 31 (34%) cases developed an allergic reaction to MMC and 14 (14%) eyes had epiphora secondary to punctal stenosis at a mean follow up period of 26.5 months.
  • CONCLUSION: In the largest study looking at complications of topical MMC in the treatment of ocular surface neoplasia, allergic reaction and punctal stenosis are relatively common.
  • [MeSH-major] Antibiotics, Antineoplastic / adverse effects. Drug Hypersensitivity / etiology. Eye Neoplasms / drug therapy. Mitomycin / adverse effects
  • [MeSH-minor] Adenocarcinoma, Sebaceous / drug therapy. Carcinoma in Situ / drug therapy. Carcinoma, Squamous Cell / drug therapy. Conjunctival Neoplasms / drug therapy. Corneal Diseases / drug therapy. Female. Follow-Up Studies. Histiocytoma, Benign Fibrous / drug therapy. Humans. Lacrimal Apparatus Diseases / chemically induced. Lacrimal Duct Obstruction / chemically induced. Male. Melanoma / drug therapy. Melanosis / drug therapy. Retrospective Studies

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  • [CommentIn] Br J Ophthalmol. 2006 Jul;90(7):807-9 [16782942.001]
  • (PMID = 16672325.001).
  • [ISSN] 0007-1161
  • [Journal-full-title] The British journal of ophthalmology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Br J Ophthalmol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Antibiotics, Antineoplastic; 50SG953SK6 / Mitomycin
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC1857172
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16. Aoki S, Cho SH, Ono M, Kuwano T, Nakao S, Kuwano M, Nakagawa S, Gao JQ, Mayumi T, Shibuya M, Kobayashi M: Bastadin 6, a spongean brominated tyrosine derivative, inhibits tumor angiogenesis by inducing selective apoptosis to endothelial cells. Anticancer Drugs; 2006 Mar;17(3):269-78
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  • Bastadin 6 also inhibited VEGF- or bFGF-induced tubular formation (0.1 micromol/l, 6 h treatment) and VEGF-induced migration (1 micromol/l, 4 h treatment) of HUVECs.
  • Moreover, bastadin 6 almost completely blocked VEGF- or bFGF-induced in vivo neovascularization in the mice corneal assay and suppressed growth of s.c. inoculated A431 solid tumor in nude mice (100 mg/kg, i.p.).
  • Bastadin 6 induced cell death of HUVECs with an apoptotic phenotype, whereas it showed no effect on the VEGF-induced auto-phosphorylation of VEGF receptors Flt-1 and KDR/Flk-1.
  • [MeSH-major] Angiogenesis Inhibitors / pharmacology. Apoptosis / drug effects. Carcinoma, Squamous Cell / blood supply. Carcinoma, Squamous Cell / drug therapy. Endothelial Cells / drug effects. Tyrosine / analogs & derivatives
  • [MeSH-minor] Animals. Cell Growth Processes / drug effects. Cornea / blood supply. Fibroblast Growth Factor 2 / antagonists & inhibitors. Fibroblast Growth Factor 2 / pharmacology. Halogenated Diphenyl Ethers. Humans. Mice. Mice, Inbred BALB C. Mice, Nude. NIH 3T3 Cells. Neovascularization, Pathologic / drug therapy. Neovascularization, Pathologic / pathology. Neovascularization, Physiologic / drug effects. Porifera / chemistry. Rats. Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor A / antagonists & inhibitors. Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor A / blood. Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor A / pharmacology. Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor Receptor-1 / metabolism. Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor Receptor-2 / metabolism. Xenograft Model Antitumor Assays

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  • (PMID = 16520655.001).
  • [ISSN] 0959-4973
  • [Journal-full-title] Anti-cancer drugs
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Anticancer Drugs
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Angiogenesis Inhibitors; 0 / Halogenated Diphenyl Ethers; 0 / Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor A; 0 / bastadin 6; 103107-01-3 / Fibroblast Growth Factor 2; 42HK56048U / Tyrosine; EC 2.7.10.1 / Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor Receptor-1; EC 2.7.10.1 / Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor Receptor-2
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17. Panda A, Sudan R: Comment on intraoperative use of mitomycin C in excision of ocular surface neoplasia with or without limbal autograft transplantation. Cornea; 2002 Nov;21(8):840-1; author reply 841-2
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [MeSH-major] Antibiotics, Antineoplastic / therapeutic use. Conjunctival Neoplasms / surgery. Mitomycin / administration & dosage
  • [MeSH-minor] Carcinoma in Situ / drug therapy. Carcinoma in Situ / surgery. Carcinoma, Squamous Cell / drug therapy. Carcinoma, Squamous Cell / surgery. Corneal Transplantation. Humans. Intraoperative Care. Neoplasm Recurrence, Local / prevention & control

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  • [CommentOn] Cornea. 2002 Jan;21(1):12-6 [11805500.001]
  • [ErratumIn] Cornea. 2003 Mar;22(2):189.
  • (PMID = 12410051.001).
  • [ISSN] 0277-3740
  • [Journal-full-title] Cornea
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Cornea
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Comment; Letter
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Antibiotics, Antineoplastic; 50SG953SK6 / Mitomycin
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18. Aldave AJ, Nguyen A: Ocular surface toxicity associated with topical interferon alpha-2b. Br J Ophthalmol; 2007 Aug;91(8):1087-8
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [MeSH-major] Antineoplastic Agents / adverse effects. Conjunctival Neoplasms / drug therapy. Epithelium, Corneal / drug effects. Interferon-alpha / adverse effects
  • [MeSH-minor] Administration, Topical. Carcinoma in Situ / drug therapy. Carcinoma, Squamous Cell / drug therapy. Humans. Male. Middle Aged. Recombinant Proteins. Treatment Outcome. Visual Acuity

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  • (PMID = 17638822.001).
  • [ISSN] 0007-1161
  • [Journal-full-title] The British journal of ophthalmology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Br J Ophthalmol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Letter
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Antineoplastic Agents; 0 / Interferon-alpha; 0 / Recombinant Proteins; 99210-65-8 / interferon alfa-2b
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC1954794
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19. Rahimi F, Alipour F, Ghazizadeh Hashemi H, Hashemian MN, Mehrdad R: Topical mitomycin-C for treatment of partially-excised ocular surface squamous neoplasia. Arch Iran Med; 2009 Jan;12(1):55-9
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  • [Title] Topical mitomycin-C for treatment of partially-excised ocular surface squamous neoplasia.
  • BACKGROUND: This study was conducted to determine the treatment outcome of incompletely removed, histopathologically documented ocular surface squamous neoplasia with mitomycin-C.
  • METHODS: Through an interventional case series, 17 eyes of 17 patients presented with incompletely removed ocular surface squamous neoplasia were treated according to a protocol using two to three alternate seven-day courses of 0.04% mitomycin-C.
  • All patients had weekly follow-up visits to the end of the treatment course, then biweekly visits for three months, and monthly visits, thereafter.
  • Five patients (29.4%) experienced recurrence after the initial treatment; four of them responded to retreatment and were disease-free till the end of follow-up.
  • CONCLUSION: Point zero four percent (0.04%) mitomycin-C drop used as two to three alternate seven-day courses seems to be a safe and effective treatment for ocular surface squamous neoplasia.
  • [MeSH-major] Antibiotics, Antineoplastic / administration & dosage. Carcinoma, Squamous Cell / drug therapy. Cornea. Eye Neoplasms / drug therapy. Mitomycin / administration & dosage. Ophthalmologic Surgical Procedures / methods. Sclera
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Aged. Conjunctival Neoplasms / drug therapy. Conjunctival Neoplasms / pathology. Conjunctival Neoplasms / surgery. Dose-Response Relationship, Drug. Female. Follow-Up Studies. Humans. Male. Middle Aged. Ophthalmic Solutions. Prospective Studies. Time Factors. Treatment Outcome. Young Adult

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  • (PMID = 19111031.001).
  • [ISSN] 1029-2977
  • [Journal-full-title] Archives of Iranian medicine
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Arch Iran Med
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Comparative Study; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Iran
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Antibiotics, Antineoplastic; 0 / Ophthalmic Solutions; 50SG953SK6 / Mitomycin
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20. Al-Barrag A, Al-Shaer M, Al-Matary N, Al-Hamdani M: 5-Fluorouracil for the treatment of intraepithelial neoplasia and squamous cell carcinoma of the conjunctiva, and cornea. Clin Ophthalmol; 2010;4:801-8
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  • [Title] 5-Fluorouracil for the treatment of intraepithelial neoplasia and squamous cell carcinoma of the conjunctiva, and cornea.
  • OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the efficacy and risks of complications of pulse dosing of topical 5-fluorouracil (5-FU) in the treatment of corneal intraepithelial neoplasia (CIN), and conjunctival squamous cell carcinoma (SCC).
  • PARTICIPANTS: Fifteen patients with histological evidence CIN or SCC of the conjunctiva and cornea were identified by tumor biopsy.
  • Treatment cycles were defined as four times per day for 4 days using the medication followed by 30 days without medication.
  • The number of initial treatment was six cycles.
  • Additional chemotherapy was given after the initial treatment cycles, only for one case.
  • CONCLUSIONS: Adjuvant 1% topical 5-FU appears to be effective in the prevention of recurrence of conjunctival or corneal CIN and SCC after excision biopsy.
  • It is well-tolerated and an effective method of treatment.

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  • (PMID = 20689797.001).
  • [ISSN] 1177-5483
  • [Journal-full-title] Clinical ophthalmology (Auckland, N.Z.)
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Clin Ophthalmol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] New Zealand
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC2915867
  • [Keywords] NOTNLM ; chemotherapy / fluorouracil / neoplasia / treatment cycles
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21. Verma V, Shen D, Sieving PC, Chan CC: The role of infectious agents in the etiology of ocular adnexal neoplasia. Surv Ophthalmol; 2008 Jul-Aug;53(4):312-31
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  • By elucidating the mechanisms by which infectious agents contribute to oncogenesis, the management, treatment, and prevention of these neoplasms may one day parallel what is already in place for cancers such as cervical cancer, hepatocellular carcinoma, gastric mucosa-associated lymphoid tissue lymphoma and gastric adenocarcinoma.
  • Antibiotic treatment and vaccines against infectious agents may herald a future with a curtailed role for traditional therapies of surgery, radiation, and chemotherapy.
  • This review discusses the pathogenetic role of several microorganisms in different ocular adnexal malignancies, including human papilloma virus in conjunctival papilloma and squamous cell carcinoma, human immunodeficiency virus in conjunctival squamous carcinoma, Kaposi sarcoma-associated herpes virus or human herpes simplex virus-8 (KSHV/HHV-8) in conjunctival Kaposi sarcoma, Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori,), Chlamydia, and hepatitis C virus in ocular adnexal mucosa-associated lymphoid tissue lymphomas.
  • [MeSH-minor] Alphapapillomavirus / isolation & purification. Alphapapillomavirus / physiology. Carcinoma, Squamous Cell / virology. Chlamydophila psittaci / isolation & purification. Chlamydophila psittaci / physiology. Conjunctival Neoplasms / microbiology. Conjunctival Neoplasms / virology. Eyelid Neoplasms / microbiology. Eyelid Neoplasms / virology. HIV-1 / isolation & purification. HIV-1 / physiology. Helicobacter pylori / isolation & purification. Helicobacter pylori / physiology. Hepacivirus / isolation & purification. Hepacivirus / physiology. Herpesvirus 8, Human / isolation & purification. Herpesvirus 8, Human / physiology. Humans. Lacrimal Apparatus Diseases / microbiology. Lacrimal Apparatus Diseases / virology. Lymphoma, B-Cell, Marginal Zone / virology. Orbital Neoplasms / microbiology. Orbital Neoplasms / virology. Sarcoma, Kaposi / virology

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  • (PMID = 18572051.001).
  • [ISSN] 0039-6257
  • [Journal-full-title] Survey of ophthalmology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Surv Ophthalmol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Grant] United States / Intramural NIH HHS / / Z01 EY000222-22
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Intramural; Review
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Number-of-references] 248
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ NIHMS58178; NLM/ PMC2507724
  •  go-up   go-down


22. Tunc M, Erbilen E: Topical cyclosporine-a combined with mitomycin C for conjunctival and corneal squamous cell carcinoma. Am J Ophthalmol; 2006 Oct;142(4):673-5
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  • [Title] Topical cyclosporine-a combined with mitomycin C for conjunctival and corneal squamous cell carcinoma.
  • PURPOSE: To determine the efficiency of topical cyclosporine-A (CSA) combined with mitomycin C (MMC) as an adjunctive treatment in diffuse conjunctival and corneal squamous cell carcinoma (CCSC).
  • METHODS: Two patients who had positive margins following surgical excision of CCSC were treated by topical CSA (0.05%) four times a day for 12 weeks, and topical MMC (0.01%) four times a day was combined with CSA at the second, fourth, and sixth weeks of the treatment.
  • CONCLUSIONS: As an adjunctive treatment, topical CSA (0.05%) combined with MMC (0.01%), may prevent tumor recurrence and provide excellent ocular surface healing in diffuse CCSC.
  • [MeSH-major] Carcinoma, Squamous Cell / drug therapy. Conjunctival Neoplasms / drug therapy. Corneal Diseases / drug therapy. Cyclosporine / therapeutic use. Eye Neoplasms / drug therapy. Mitomycin / therapeutic use
  • [MeSH-minor] Administration, Topical. Aged. Antibiotics, Antineoplastic / therapeutic use. Drug Therapy, Combination. Humans. Immunosuppressive Agents / therapeutic use. Male. Middle Aged

  • Genetic Alliance. consumer health - Carcinoma, Squamous Cell.
  • MedlinePlus Health Information. consumer health - Corneal Disorders.
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  • Hazardous Substances Data Bank. MITOMYCIN C .
  • Hazardous Substances Data Bank. CYCLOSPORIN A .
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  • (PMID = 17011863.001).
  • [ISSN] 0002-9394
  • [Journal-full-title] American journal of ophthalmology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Am. J. Ophthalmol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Antibiotics, Antineoplastic; 0 / Immunosuppressive Agents; 50SG953SK6 / Mitomycin; 83HN0GTJ6D / Cyclosporine
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23. Iovieno A, Lambiase A, Moretti C, Perrella E, Bonini S: Therapeutic effect of topical 5-fluorouracil in conjunctival squamous carcinoma is associated with changes in matrix metalloproteinases and tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinases expression. Cornea; 2009 Aug;28(7):821-4
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Therapeutic effect of topical 5-fluorouracil in conjunctival squamous carcinoma is associated with changes in matrix metalloproteinases and tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinases expression.
  • PURPOSE: To evaluate matrix metalloproteinases (MMP)-2, MMP-9, and tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinase (TIMP)-1 expression in a case of conjunctival intraepithelial squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) treated with topical 5-fluorouracil (5-FU) chemotherapy.
  • Clinical resolution of the neoplasm obtained using topical 5-FU was accompanied by a reduction in the expression of MMP-2, MMP-9, and TIMP-1 in tears and dysplastic conjunctival epithelium.
  • CONCLUSIONS: In our case report, we have shown that gelatinase and TIMP-1 are unregulated in conjunctival SCC and can be monitored as a marker of response to topical chemotherapy.
  • [MeSH-major] Antimetabolites, Antineoplastic / therapeutic use. Carcinoma, Squamous Cell / drug therapy. Conjunctival Neoplasms / drug therapy. Fluorouracil / therapeutic use. Matrix Metalloproteinase 2 / metabolism. Matrix Metalloproteinase 9 / metabolism. Tissue Inhibitor of Metalloproteinase-1 / metabolism
  • [MeSH-minor] Administration, Topical. Aged. Biomarkers, Tumor / metabolism. Carcinoma in Situ / drug therapy. Carcinoma in Situ / enzymology. Humans. Male. Neoplasm Proteins / metabolism

  • Hazardous Substances Data Bank. FLUOROURACIL .
  • NCI CPTAC Assay Portal. NCI CPTAC Assay Portal .
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  • (PMID = 19574900.001).
  • [ISSN] 1536-4798
  • [Journal-full-title] Cornea
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Cornea
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Antimetabolites, Antineoplastic; 0 / Biomarkers, Tumor; 0 / Neoplasm Proteins; 0 / Tissue Inhibitor of Metalloproteinase-1; EC 3.4.24.24 / Matrix Metalloproteinase 2; EC 3.4.24.35 / Matrix Metalloproteinase 9; U3P01618RT / Fluorouracil
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