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1. Sharma MP, Bhatia V: Abdominal tuberculosis. Indian J Med Res; 2004 Oct;120(4):305-15
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  • Peritoneal tuberculosis occurs in three forms : wet type with ascitis, dry type with adhesions, and fibrotic type with omental thickening and loculated ascites.
  • Ileocaecal and small bowel tuberculosis presents with a palpable mass in the right lower quadrant and/or complications of obstruction, perforation or malabsorption especially in the presence of stricture.
  • Rare clinical presentations include dysphagia, odynophagia and a mid oesophageal ulcer due to oesophageal tuberculosis, dyspepsia and gastric outlet obstruction due to gastroduodenal tuberculosis, lower abdominal pain and haematochezia due to colonic tuberculosis, and annular rectal stricture and multiple perianal fistulae due to rectal and anal involvement.
  • Useful modalities for investigating a suspected case include small bowel barium meal, barium enema, ultrasonography, computed tomographic scan and colonoscopy.
  • Management is with conventional antitubercular therapy for at least 6 months.
  • The recommended surgical procedures today are conservative and a period of preoperative drug therapy is controversial.

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  • (PMID = 15520484.001).
  • [ISSN] 0971-5916
  • [Journal-full-title] The Indian journal of medical research
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Indian J. Med. Res.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] India
  • [Number-of-references] 57
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2. Azevedo CR, Cezana L, Moraes ES, Begnami MD, Paiva Júnior TF, Dettino AL, Fanelli MF: Synchronous thyroid and colon metastases from epidermoid carcinoma of the lung: case report. Sao Paulo Med J; 2010 Dec;128(6):371-4
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  • [Title] Synchronous thyroid and colon metastases from epidermoid carcinoma of the lung: case report.
  • CONTEXT: Non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) progresses to distant metastases in most cases.
  • CASE REPORT: We describe a case of squamous cell carcinoma in the lungs, with metastases in the colon and thyroid, in a 66-year-old female patient.
  • The lesion was unresectable and chemotherapy was started.
  • After third-line chemotherapy, the patient progressed with acute obstructive abdomen due to a retroperitoneal mass.
  • Metastases to the thyroid and colon are rarely reported in cases of epidermoid carcinoma of the lungs.
  • Gastrointestinal involvement in pulmonary metastases may affect the stomach, small intestine and colon, and cases of bleeding and perforation have already been reported.
  • We did not find any previous reports in the literature, on lung cancer with metastases concomitantly in the colon and thyroid, in a single patient.
  • [MeSH-major] Carcinoma, Squamous Cell / secondary. Colonic Neoplasms / secondary. Lung Neoplasms / pathology. Thyroid Neoplasms / secondary

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  • (PMID = 21308162.001).
  • [ISSN] 1806-9460
  • [Journal-full-title] São Paulo medical journal = Revista paulista de medicina
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Sao Paulo Med J
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Brazil
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3. Primik MF, Göschl S, Jakupec MA, Roller A, Keppler BK, Arion VB: Structure-activity relationships of highly cytotoxic copper(II) complexes with modified indolo[3,2-c]quinoline ligands. Inorg Chem; 2010 Dec 6;49(23):11084-95
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  • The new ligands and copper(II) complexes were characterized by (1)H and (13)C NMR, IR and electronic absorption spectroscopy, ESI mass spectrometry, magnetic susceptibility measurements in solution at 298 K ([Cu(HL(1a))Cl(2)] and [Cu(HL(4b))Cl(2)]), and X-ray crystallography ([Cu(HL(3b))Cl(2)]·3DMF, [Cu(HL(4b))Cl(2)]·2.4DMF, HL(5b) and [Cu(HL(5b))Cl(2)]·0.5CH(3)OH).
  • All complexes were tested for cytotoxicity in the human cancer cell lines CH1 (ovarian carcinoma), A549 (non-small cell lung cancer), and SW480 (colon carcinoma).
  • Electron-releasing or electron-withdrawing substituents in position 8 of the indoloquinoline backbone do not exert any effect on cytotoxicity of copper(II) complexes, whereas copper(II) compounds with Schiff bases obtained from 2-acetylpyridine and indoloquinoline hydrazines are 10 to 50 times more cytotoxic than those with ligands prepared from 2-formylpyridine and indoloquinoline hydrazines.
  • [MeSH-minor] Carcinoma / drug therapy. Carcinoma, Non-Small-Cell Lung / drug therapy. Cell Line, Tumor. Colonic Neoplasms / drug therapy. Crystallography, X-Ray. Female. Humans. Indoles / chemical synthesis. Indoles / chemistry. Indoles / pharmacology. Models, Molecular. Neoplasms / drug therapy. Ovarian Neoplasms / drug therapy. Structure-Activity Relationship

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  • (PMID = 20979395.001).
  • [ISSN] 1520-510X
  • [Journal-full-title] Inorganic chemistry
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Inorg Chem
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / (Cu(4-methylcoumarin-6,7-dioxactetate)(phenanthroline)2); 0 / Antineoplastic Agents; 0 / Indoles; 0 / Organometallic Compounds; 0 / Quinolines
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4. Chandra A, Lee L, Hossain F, Johal H: A rare case of isolated wound implantation of colorectal adenocarcinoma complicating an incisional hernia: case report and review of the literature. World J Surg Oncol; 2008;6:5
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  • BACKGROUND: The reported case illustrates an instance of colonic adenocarcinoma presenting as an isolated tumour 3 1/2 years after open surgery.
  • CASE PRESENTATION: An 83 year old lady initially underwent an extended right open hemicolectomy for a mid-transverse colonic adenocarcinoma (T4N2M0).
  • After adjuvant chemotherapy, she was kept under regular surveillance.
  • At operation, a mass was found within the anterior abdominal wall complicating the incisional hernia.
  • This mass was widely resected and a laparotomy performed.
  • Histology confirmed an adenocarcinoma of colonic origin extending to one of the lateral margins.
  • CONCLUSION: The literature regarding recurrence of colonic tumours after open surgery reports low incidences of this occurring within abdominal incisions.
  • The literature indicates prognosis is poor, but the numbers are small and distinction is often not made between isolated recurrence and those with other sites of tumour recurrence.
  • [MeSH-minor] Abdominal Wall / pathology. Aged, 80 and over. Biopsy, Needle. Colectomy / methods. Female. Follow-Up Studies. Humans. Immunohistochemistry. Incidental Findings. Laparotomy. Risk Assessment. Time Factors. Treatment Outcome

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  • (PMID = 18201386.001).
  • [ISSN] 1477-7819
  • [Journal-full-title] World journal of surgical oncology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] World J Surg Oncol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Number-of-references] 18
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC2253526
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5. Nasu K, Umekita N, Noda K, Tanaka S, Maeshiro T, Miyamoto S, Inoue S, Arai K: [A case of recurrent colon cancer patient who gained a long-term survival by repeated and aggressive surgical resection]. Gan To Kagaku Ryoho; 2008 Nov;35(12):2150-2
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  • [Title] [A case of recurrent colon cancer patient who gained a long-term survival by repeated and aggressive surgical resection].
  • We performed right hemicolectomy with liver S7 partial excision (a postoperative diagnosis of the hepatic lesion, adenoma) for ascending colon carcinoma of type 2 with hepatic metastasis.
  • Postoperative diagnosis was ss, n2, ly2, v2, Stage IIIb, based on the Japanese classification of colon cancer.
  • Twelve months after the first operation, she was developed intestinal atresia by an abdominal wall recurrence, and we performed the operation of abdominal wall mass resection with a partial resection of small bowel.
  • Afterwards she developed a recurrence three times in the abdominal wall or intra-abdominal lymph nodes during the next 1 year and six months, and we performed a local excision each time.
  • The pathological findings in reoperations were all metastasis from ascending colon carcinoma of primary operation.
  • After the final operation, we did not perform chemotherapy because the patient wished not to have it.
  • Recently, the therapy for recurrent colon cancer has been shifted to more effective chemotherapy such as FOLFOX or FOLFIRI regimen, and a surgical resection is becoming rare.
  • However, we experienced a case of recurrent colon cancer treated with four aggressive surgical resections that was beneficial for a long-term survival.
  • [MeSH-major] Colonic Neoplasms / surgery. Neoplasm Recurrence, Local / surgery
  • [MeSH-minor] Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols / therapeutic use. Female. Humans. Liver Neoplasms / secondary. Liver Neoplasms / surgery. Lymphatic Metastasis. Middle Aged. Positron-Emission Tomography. Time Factors. Tomography, X-Ray Computed

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  • (PMID = 19106553.001).
  • [ISSN] 0385-0684
  • [Journal-full-title] Gan to kagaku ryoho. Cancer & chemotherapy
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Gan To Kagaku Ryoho
  • [Language] jpn
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Japan
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6. Primik MF, Mühlgassner G, Jakupec MA, Zava O, Dyson PJ, Arion VB, Keppler BK: Highly cytotoxic copper(II) complexes with modified paullone ligands. Inorg Chem; 2010 Jan 4;49(1):302-11
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  • The new ligands (HL(2) and HL(3)) and the complexes 1-5 were characterized by (1)H and (13)C NMR, IR and electronic absorption spectroscopy, ESI mass spectrometry, and X-ray crystallography.
  • Two ligands, HL(1) and HL(2), and complexes 1-4 were tested for cytotoxicity in three human cancer cell lines, namely, CH1 (ovarian carcinoma), A549 (non-small cell lung cancer), and SW480 (colon carcinoma).
  • [MeSH-major] Antineoplastic Agents / chemistry. Antineoplastic Agents / pharmacology. Cell Survival / drug effects. Copper / chemistry. Copper / pharmacology. Organometallic Compounds / chemistry
  • [MeSH-minor] Benzazepines / chemistry. Carcinoma / drug therapy. Carcinoma, Non-Small-Cell Lung / drug therapy. Cell Line, Tumor. Colonic Neoplasms / drug therapy. Female. Humans. Lung Neoplasms / drug therapy. Molecular Structure. Ovarian Neoplasms / drug therapy

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  • (PMID = 19968251.001).
  • [ISSN] 1520-510X
  • [Journal-full-title] Inorganic chemistry
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Inorg Chem
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Antineoplastic Agents; 0 / Benzazepines; 0 / Organometallic Compounds; 0 / paullone; 789U1901C5 / Copper
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7. Di Carlo I, Li Destri G, Lombardo R, Puleo S: Totally implantable arterial device (TIAD): a questionable complication. Hepatogastroenterology; 2003 May-Jun;50(51):821-2
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  • After intrahepatic chemotherapy, during the nursing of the totally implantable arterial device, the patient developed a mass close to the duodenal loop that disappeared seven months later.
  • The spontaneous decrease of this mass suggests the hypothesis of a hematoma due to a rupture of a pseudoaneurysm of a small collateral artery.
  • [MeSH-major] Antimetabolites, Antineoplastic / administration & dosage. Colonic Neoplasms / drug therapy. Duodenum / blood supply. Floxuridine / administration & dosage. Hematoma / etiology. Infusion Pumps, Implantable / adverse effects. Infusions, Intra-Arterial / instrumentation. Liver Neoplasms / secondary. Postoperative Complications / etiology. Stomach / blood supply
  • [MeSH-minor] Arteries / injuries. Catheters, Indwelling / adverse effects. Chemotherapy, Adjuvant. Combined Modality Therapy. Follow-Up Studies. Humans. Remission, Spontaneous. Tomography, X-Ray Computed

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  • (PMID = 12828093.001).
  • [ISSN] 0172-6390
  • [Journal-full-title] Hepato-gastroenterology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Hepatogastroenterology
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Greece
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Antimetabolites, Antineoplastic; 039LU44I5M / Floxuridine
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8. Chinot OL: [Cerebral metastases]. Rev Prat; 2006 Oct 31;56(16):1799-804
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  • Improvement of diagnosis techniques and cancer treatment efficacy explain in part the increasing incidence of brain metastasis, observed in 20 to 30 % of cancer patients.
  • New techniques of MRI improve its sensibility and guide therapeutic decision, in conjunction with prognostic factors including age, Karnovsky performance score and control of the general disease.
  • Surgical excision is mainly indicated for single metastasis in none functional area, or in case of mass effect, while radiosurgery represents an alternative non invasive technique, particularly for single small lesions.
  • In other cases, whole brain radiation therapy remains the treatment of choice for brain metastasis, while no clear data support it use complementary to surgery.
  • Chemotherapy has no proven efficacy as part of first line treatment of patients with brain metastasis and still warren further research.
  • [MeSH-major] Brain Neoplasms / secondary. Brain Neoplasms / therapy
  • [MeSH-minor] Administration, Oral. Adrenal Cortex Hormones / administration & dosage. Adrenal Cortex Hormones / therapeutic use. Age Factors. Aged. Breast Neoplasms. Colonic Neoplasms. Combined Modality Therapy. Humans. Karnofsky Performance Status. Kidney Neoplasms. Lung Neoplasms. Lymphoma / diagnosis. Magnetic Resonance Imaging. Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy. Middle Aged. Neoplasm Recurrence, Local. Positron-Emission Tomography. Prognosis. Radiosurgery. Research

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  • (PMID = 17315506.001).
  • [ISSN] 0035-2640
  • [Journal-full-title] La Revue du praticien
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Rev Prat
  • [Language] fre
  • [Publication-type] Comparative Study; English Abstract; Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] France
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Adrenal Cortex Hormones
  • [Number-of-references] 13
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9. Modlin IM, Kidd M, Latich I, Zikusoka MN, Shapiro MD: Current status of gastrointestinal carcinoids. Gastroenterology; 2005 May;128(6):1717-51
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  • Carcinoids are classified based on organ site and cell of origin and occur most frequently in the GI (67%) where they are most common in small intestine (25%), appendix (12%), and rectum (14%).
  • Local manifestations--mass, bleeding, obstruction, or perforation--reflect invasion or tumor-induced fibrosis and often result in incidental detection at emergency surgery.
  • Biochemical diagnosis is established by elevation of plasma chromogranin A (CgA), serotonin, or urinary 5-hydroxyindoleacetic acid (5-HIAA), while topographic localization is by Octreoscan, computerized axial tomography (CAT) scan, or endoscopy/ultrasound.
  • Primary therapy is surgical excision to avert local manifestations and decrease hormone secretion.
  • Chemotherapy and radiotherapy have minimal efficacy and substantially decrease quality of life.
  • Local endoscopic excision for gastric (type I and II) and rectal carcinoids may be adequate.
  • Somatostatin analogues provide the most effective symptomatic therapy, although interferon has some utility.
  • Overall 5-year survival for carcinoids of the appendix is 98%, gastric (types I/II) is 81%, rectum is 87%, small intestinal is 60%, colonic carcinoids is 62%, and gastric type III/IV is 33%.
  • [MeSH-major] Carcinoid Tumor / pathology. Carcinoid Tumor / therapy. Gastrointestinal Neoplasms / pathology. Gastrointestinal Neoplasms / therapy


10. Chatelain D, Maes C, Yzet T, Brevet M, Bounicaud D, Plachot JP, Verhaeghe P: [Primary hepatic lymphoma of MALT-type: a tumor that can simulate a liver metastasis]. Ann Chir; 2006 Feb;131(2):121-4
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  • [Title] [Primary hepatic lymphoma of MALT-type: a tumor that can simulate a liver metastasis].
  • [Transliterated title] Le lymphome primitif hépatique de type MALT: une tumeur rare pouvant simuler une métastase hépatique.
  • We report a case of a 72 year-old woman with a past history of colonic adenocarcinoma who presented primary hepatic lymphoma of MALT-type.
  • The patient had been operated on 3 years before for colonic adenocarcinoma, pT3N0, revealed by a bowel obstructive syndrome.
  • She had been treated by chemotherapy for 6 months.
  • During the follow-up, the computed tomography-scan (CT-scan) revealed the presence of a not well-demarcated mass in segment III of the liver, measuring 4 cm in diameter.
  • The tumor was hypodense and was not enhanced on dynamic study.
  • The mass was already present on the initial CT-scan.
  • Left lobectomy was performed with the diagnosis of liver metastasis of the colonic adenocarcinoma.
  • Surgical specimen showed a tumor composed of a dense infiltrate of small lymphocytes positive for B-cell markers on immunohistochemistry.
  • The tumor contained reactive lymphoid follicles and there were numerous lympho-epithelial biliary lesions.
  • Primary hepatic lymphoma of MALT-type is a low-grade B cell lymphoma.
  • This tumor has a good prognosis; it is usually limited to the liver and surgical resection cures the patient in most cases.

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  • (PMID = 16246295.001).
  • [ISSN] 0003-3944
  • [Journal-full-title] Annales de chirurgie
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Ann Chir
  • [Language] fre
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; English Abstract; Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] France
  • [Number-of-references] 18
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11. Sugiura T, Noguchi Y, Sakurai K, Hattori C: Protein phosphatase 1H, overexpressed in colon adenocarcinoma, is associated with CSE1L. Cancer Biol Ther; 2008 Feb;7(2):285-92
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  • [Title] Protein phosphatase 1H, overexpressed in colon adenocarcinoma, is associated with CSE1L.
  • In search for a new anticancer drug target, we explored genes involved in colon adenocarcinoma development through dysregulation of a signal transduction pathway.
  • By using the gene expression profile database, we found protein phosphatase 1H (PPM1H), belonging to the protein phosphatase 2C (PP2C) family, upregulated in colon adenocarcinomas compared with normal colon tissues.
  • RT-PCR analysis verified the elevated level of PPM1H expression in colon cancer cell lines relative to a normal colon cell line.
  • PPM1H encodes a protein with a molecular mass of approximately 50 kDa that resides in the cytoplasm.
  • Co-immunoprecipitation coupled with mass spectrometry analysis identified CSE1L, a proliferation and apoptosis-related protein, as a PPM1H-interacting protein.
  • Native, but not inactive, PPM1H expressed in HeLa cells increased the mobility of CSE1L on SDS gels and a similar mobility shift was observed for purified CSE1L after treatment with PPM1H in vitro, supporting the notion that CSE1L is a substrate of PPM1H.
  • Additionally, knockdown of PPM1H expression with small interfering RNAs suppressed the growth of MCF-7 cells weakly but consistently.
  • PPM1H controls cell cycle and proliferation of cancer cells potentially through dephosphorylation of CSE1L and might be a new target of anticancer drugs.
  • [MeSH-major] Adenocarcinoma / metabolism. Cellular Apoptosis Susceptibility Protein / metabolism. Colonic Neoplasms / metabolism. Gene Expression Regulation, Neoplastic. Phosphoprotein Phosphatases / metabolism
  • [MeSH-minor] Cell Line, Tumor. Humans

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  • [CommentIn] Cancer Biol Ther. 2008 Feb;7(2):293-4 [18623903.001]
  • (PMID = 18059182.001).
  • [ISSN] 1555-8576
  • [Journal-full-title] Cancer biology & therapy
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Cancer Biol. Ther.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Cellular Apoptosis Susceptibility Protein; EC 3.1.3.16 / PPM1H protein, human; EC 3.1.3.16 / Phosphoprotein Phosphatases; EC 3.1.3.16 / protein phosphatase 2C
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12. Samuels SE, Knowles AL, Tilignac T, Debiton E, Madelmont JC, Attaix D: Protein metabolism in the small intestine during cancer cachexia and chemotherapy in mice. Cancer Res; 2000 Sep 1;60(17):4968-74
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  • [Title] Protein metabolism in the small intestine during cancer cachexia and chemotherapy in mice.
  • The impact of cancer cachexia and chemotherapy on small intestinal protein metabolism and its subsequent recovery was investigated.
  • Cancer cachexia was induced in mice with colon 26 adenocarcinoma, which is a small and slow-growing tumor characteristic of the human condition, and can be cured with 100% efficacy using an experimental nitrosourea, cystemustine (C6H12ClN3O4S).
  • Both healthy mice and tumor-bearing mice were given a single i.p. injection of cystemustine (20 mg/kg) 3 days after the onset of cachexia.
  • Cancer cachexia led to a reduced in vivo rate of protein synthesis in the small intestine relative to healthy mice (-13 to -34%; P < 0.05), resulting in a 25% loss of protein mass (P < 0.05), and decreased villus width and crypt depth (P < 0.05).
  • In treated mice, acute cytotoxicity of chemotherapy did not promote further wasting of small intestinal protein mass, nor did it result in further damage to intestinal morphology.
  • In contrast, mucosal damage and a 17% reduction in small intestinal protein mass (P < 0.05) were evident in healthy mice treated with cystemustine, suggesting that the effects of chemotherapy on the small intestine in a state of cancer cachexia are not additive, which was an unexpected finding.
  • Complete and rapid recovery of small intestinal protein mass in cured mice resulted from an increase in the rate of protein synthesis compared with healthy mice (23-34%; P < 0.05).
  • A major clinical goal should be to design methods to improve small intestinal protein metabolism before the initiation of chemotherapy.
  • [MeSH-major] Adenocarcinoma / complications. Antineoplastic Agents / toxicity. Cachexia / metabolism. Colonic Neoplasms / complications. Intestine, Small / metabolism. Nitrosourea Compounds / toxicity. Proteins / metabolism

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  • (PMID = 10987314.001).
  • [ISSN] 0008-5472
  • [Journal-full-title] Cancer research
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Cancer Res.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] UNITED STATES
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Antineoplastic Agents; 0 / Nitrosourea Compounds; 0 / Proteins; 0 / Ubiquitins; 79955-36-5 / N'-(2-chloroethyl)-N-(2-(methylsulfonyl)ethyl)-N'-nitrosourea; EC 3.4.22.1 / Cathepsin B
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13. Beauparlant P, Bédard D, Bernier C, Chan H, Gilbert K, Goulet D, Gratton MO, Lavoie M, Roulston A, Turcotte E, Watson M: Preclinical development of the nicotinamide phosphoribosyl transferase inhibitor prodrug GMX1777. Anticancer Drugs; 2009 Jun;20(5):346-54
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  • To translate the discovery of GMX1778 mechanism of action into optimal clinical use of its intravenously administered prodrug, GMX1777, the efficacy of GMX1777 was evaluated in xenograft models and the pharmacokinetic profile of GMX1778 and its effect on nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide cellular levels was measured by liquid chromatography/mass spectrometry.
  • Consistent with the requirement for a prolonged exposure for cytotoxicity in vitro, a dose of 75 mg/kg of GMX1777 administered as two bolus intravenous injections in 1 day were not effective at reducing the growth of multiple myeloma (IM-9) tumors, whereas the same dose of GMX1777 administered over a 24 h intravenous infusion caused tumor regression in the IM-9 model, a small-cell lung cancer (SHP-77) model, and a colon carcinoma (HCT-116) model.
  • A 72 h continuous intravenous infusion of GMX1777 was also effective in the IM-9 model, but was associated with a smaller therapeutic index.
  • [MeSH-major] Antineoplastic Agents / therapeutic use. Cytokines / antagonists & inhibitors. Guanidines / therapeutic use. Neoplasm Proteins / antagonists & inhibitors. Nicotinamide Phosphoribosyltransferase / antagonists & inhibitors. Prodrugs / therapeutic use
  • [MeSH-minor] Adenocarcinoma / drug therapy. Adenocarcinoma / pathology. Animals. Carcinoma, Small Cell / drug therapy. Carcinoma, Small Cell / pathology. Cell Line, Tumor / transplantation. Colonic Neoplasms / drug therapy. Colonic Neoplasms / pathology. Cyanides / administration & dosage. Cyanides / pharmacology. Cyanides / therapeutic use. Drug Screening Assays, Antitumor. Female. Humans. Infusions, Intravenous. Injections, Intravenous. Lung Neoplasms / drug therapy. Lung Neoplasms / pathology. Mice. Mice, Inbred BALB C. Mice, Nude. Mice, SCID. Multiple Myeloma / drug therapy. Multiple Myeloma / pathology. NAD / metabolism. Niacin / metabolism. Niacinamide / metabolism. Xenograft Model Antitumor Assays

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  • (PMID = 19369827.001).
  • [ISSN] 1473-5741
  • [Journal-full-title] Anti-cancer drugs
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Anticancer Drugs
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / 1-(2-(2-(2-(2-methoxyethoxy)ethoxy)ethoxy)ethoxycarbonyloxymethyl)-4-(N'-cyano-N''-(6-(4-chlorophenoxy)hexyl)-N-guanidino)pyridinium; 0 / Antineoplastic Agents; 0 / Cyanides; 0 / Cytokines; 0 / Guanidines; 0 / N-(6-chlorophenoxyhexyl)-N''-cyano-N''-4-pyridylguanidine; 0 / Neoplasm Proteins; 0 / Prodrugs; 0U46U6E8UK / NAD; 25X51I8RD4 / Niacinamide; 2679MF687A / Niacin; EC 2.4.2.12 / Nicotinamide Phosphoribosyltransferase; EC 2.4.2.12 / nicotinamide phosphoribosyltransferase, human
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14. Sinha SC, Li LS, Miller GP, Dutta S, Rader C, Lerner RA: Prodrugs of dynemicin analogs for selective chemotherapy mediated by an aldolase catalytic Ab. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A; 2004 Mar 2;101(9):3095-9
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  • [Title] Prodrugs of dynemicin analogs for selective chemotherapy mediated by an aldolase catalytic Ab.
  • Prodrugs of dynemicin analogs were synthesized, and their activation by aldolase antibody (Ab) 38C2 was evaluated by DNA-cleaving activity, as well as tumor cell growth inhibition.
  • Further, we provide evidence that the activated enediynes underwent covalent crosscoupling with the aldolase Ab, which appears to be a limiting factor of their tumor cell growth-inhibiting activity and should be of general interest in the field of enediyne chemotherapy.
  • These findings might open new avenues for defined conjugations of small molecule drugs to mAbs in general and aldolase Abs in particular.
  • [MeSH-major] Anthraquinones / chemical synthesis. Anthraquinones / therapeutic use. Antibiotics, Antineoplastic / chemistry. Antibodies, Catalytic / metabolism. Fructose-Bisphosphate Aldolase / immunology
  • [MeSH-minor] Cell Division / drug effects. Cell Line, Tumor. Colonic Neoplasms. Drug Design. Humans. Indicators and Reagents. Mass Spectrometry. Prodrugs / chemistry. Prodrugs / toxicity

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  • (PMID = 14981258.001).
  • [ISSN] 0027-8424
  • [Journal-full-title] Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Anthraquinones; 0 / Antibiotics, Antineoplastic; 0 / Antibodies, Catalytic; 0 / Indicators and Reagents; 0 / Prodrugs; EC 4.1.2.13 / Fructose-Bisphosphate Aldolase
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC365749
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15. Garza-Sánchez J, Hernández-Ramírez DA, Rocha-Ramírez JL, Rojas-Illanes M, Parrado-Montaño W, Cancino-López JA, Dorantes-Díaz DE, Jonguitud-Muro LA: [Non Hodgkin lymphoma of the sigmoid colon: case report]. Rev Gastroenterol Mex; 2009 Apr-Jun;74(2):127-31
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  • [Title] [Non Hodgkin lymphoma of the sigmoid colon: case report].
  • [Transliterated title] Linfoma no Hodgkin de sigmoides: reporte de un caso.
  • Colon is infrequently involved as a primary location, accounting for 4% of all extranodal NHL and far less than 1% of all colonic malignancies.
  • Colonic NHL differs significantly in terms of presentation, therapy and outcome relative to other more common gastrointestinal sites, like stomach or small bowel.
  • Therapy usually involves resection of the affected colon and regional lymph nodes followed by adjuvant chemotherapy or/and radiotherapy.
  • We present a 59 years old man with weight loss,abdominal pain, palpable mass and intestinal obstruction.
  • Systemic adjuvant chemotherapy and abdominal radiation were administered.
  • After a 6 month follow-up from initial procedure he is now asymptomatic with Karnofsky of 90.

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  • (PMID = 19666296.001).
  • [ISSN] 0375-0906
  • [Journal-full-title] Revista de gastroenterología de México
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Rev Gastroenterol Mex
  • [Language] spa
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Mexico
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16. Farraye FA, Wallace M: Clinical significance of small polyps found during screening with flexible sigmoidoscopy. Gastrointest Endosc Clin N Am; 2002 Jan;12(1):41-51
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  • [Title] Clinical significance of small polyps found during screening with flexible sigmoidoscopy.
  • In deciding how to interpret the significance and management of small distal adenomatous polyps found on FS, one must first decide on the goal of a screening program.
  • Multiple studies support the recommendation that villous polyps regardless of size and adenomatous polyps greater than 1 cm found on FS are important markers for the presence of advanced polyps and cancer in the proximal colon.
  • If one assumes that a sigmoidoscopy-based approach is reasonable, and accepts that such an approach always misses a small number of proximal lesions, how should one manage patients with a small adenomatous polyp on FS?
  • In aggregate, the studies discussed previously suggest that patients with no distal polyps, distal hyperplastic polyps, or a single small distal tubular adenoma have a similar and low risk of advanced proximal adenomas of the colon.
  • The study by Read et al also included patients with distal villous adenomas in their low-risk group.
  • Given these caveats, what can one conclude about the predictive value of a small tubular adenoma found on FS?
  • These studies suggest that the risk of proximal advanced polyps is similar or slightly increased in patients with a distal adenoma than those with a negative FS.
  • The risk of finding an advanced adenoma seems to be 0% to 4% regardless of the findings of no polyps, hyperplastic polyps, or small tubular adenomatous polyps on FS in low-risk patients.
  • A small portion of patients with hyperplastic polyps found on FS have advanced proximal adenomas.
  • If a hyperplastic polyp on FS is not an indication for colonoscopy and the risk of proximal advanced adenomas is similar in patients with only a small distal adenoma, it is inconsistent to recommend colonoscopy for a small distal tubular adenoma and not a hyperplastic polyp.
  • Based on the studies of asymptomatic patients with no family history and negative FOBT, the authors believe it is reasonable to defer colonoscopy if no polyp, a hyperplastic, or a small tubular adenoma is found at sigmoidoscopy in low-risk patients.
  • If the patient or physician is unwilling to accept a small (0% to 4%) chance of missing an advanced proximal lesion, then a sigmoidoscopy-based approach (regardless of the threshold to go on to colonoscopy) is not appropriate.
  • It remains to be seen if the increase in costs and risks justifies the improved detection rate of colonic polyps.
  • Given manpower issues that face us today, and examining the question from a population perspective, reserving colonoscopy for only those patients with an advanced distal polyp on FS gives the biggest yield.
  • [MeSH-major] Colonic Polyps / diagnosis. Sigmoidoscopy
  • [MeSH-minor] Colonoscopy. Humans. Hyperplasia. Mass Screening

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  • (PMID = 11916160.001).
  • [ISSN] 1052-5157
  • [Journal-full-title] Gastrointestinal endoscopy clinics of North America
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Gastrointest. Endosc. Clin. N. Am.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Number-of-references] 45
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