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1. Downes KA, Goldblum JR, Montgomery EA, Fisher C: Pleomorphic liposarcoma: a clinicopathologic analysis of 19 cases. Mod Pathol; 2001 Mar;14(3):179-84
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  • [Title] Pleomorphic liposarcoma: a clinicopathologic analysis of 19 cases.
  • Pleomorphic liposarcoma is a variant of liposarcoma defined morphologically by the presence of pleomorphic lipoblasts.
  • Nineteen pleomorphic liposarcomas were studied.
  • Unequivocal pleomorphic lipoblasts were required for inclusion.
  • In each case, the following features were noted: tumor site; tumor size; tumor depth; predominant histologic pattern (epithelioid or malignant fibrous histiocytoma [MFH]-like); extent of necrosis (absent, less than 15%, or at least 15%); mitotic counts; treatment and clinical follow-up.
  • All patients were treated surgically; 10 patients received adjuvant chemotherapy and/or radiation therapy.
  • On follow-up of 18 patients (range, 2--129 mo; mean, 35.4 mo; median, 23 mo) nine (50%) were dead of disease (range, 2--48 mo; mean, 20.1 mo; median, 12 mo), one died of other causes 2 months after diagnosis, two were alive with disease, five were disease free, and one was alive at 129 months (tumor status unknown).
  • Metastases developed in eight patients (range, 4--48 mo; mean, 19.5 mo; median, 11.5 mo), most commonly to the lungs.
  • In conclusion, pleomorphic liposarcoma is a rare tumor of adulthood that occurs most commonly in the deep, soft tissues of the extremities.
  • [MeSH-major] Liposarcoma / pathology. Soft Tissue Neoplasms / pathology
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Aged. Aged, 80 and over. Combined Modality Therapy. Female. Follow-Up Studies. Humans. Male. Middle Aged. Necrosis. Treatment Outcome

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  • (PMID = 11266523.001).
  • [ISSN] 0893-3952
  • [Journal-full-title] Modern pathology : an official journal of the United States and Canadian Academy of Pathology, Inc
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Mod. Pathol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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2. Angiero F, Sidoni A, Stefani M: Liposarcoma of the oral cavity--case reports of the pleomorphic and the dedifferentiated variants and a review of the literature. Anticancer Res; 2006 Nov-Dec;26(6C):4857-67
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  • [Title] Liposarcoma of the oral cavity--case reports of the pleomorphic and the dedifferentiated variants and a review of the literature.
  • Liposarcoma is one of the commonest soft-tissue sarcomas, but very rare in the oral cavity.
  • We present two cases of liposarcoma of the oral cavity, together with the related clinical, histopathological and immunohistochemical findings: one affecting the cheek of a 62-year-old man and the other the gingival maxillary tuber of a 41-year-old woman.
  • At histological examination a diagnosis of liposarcoma was made in both cases.
  • Histological examination and immunohistochemical profiles in the first case were consistent with pleomorphic liposarcoma, whilst that in the second case with dedifferentiated liposarcoma.
  • Both patients were subjected to surgical treatment with wide surgical margins, without adjuvant radio- or chemotherapy.
  • We discuss differential diagnosis, examining the histopathological and immunohistochemical features that are potentially useful for distinguishing this tumor from other malignant adipose tissue tumors.
  • [MeSH-major] Liposarcoma / pathology. Mouth Neoplasms / pathology

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  • (PMID = 17214352.001).
  • [ISSN] 0250-7005
  • [Journal-full-title] Anticancer research
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Anticancer Res.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Greece
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3. Chang SC, Liao JW: Mesojejunoileac liposarcoma with intrahepatic metastasis in a dog. J Vet Med Sci; 2008 Jun;70(6):637-40
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  • [Title] Mesojejunoileac liposarcoma with intrahepatic metastasis in a dog.
  • We report a liposarcoma at the mesojejunoileum that was widely excised, and then the intrahepatic metastatic liposarcoma was found.
  • The dog was treated by two single-agent chemotherapy separately.
  • Final diagnosis of a pleomorphic liposarcoma was made by the routine histology and further identified by Oil Red O stain.
  • The two single-agent chemotherapy including doxorubicin followed by capecitabine, however, failed to cause remission of the intrahepatic metastatic lesions.
  • The patient died 22 months after operation and the cause of death was supposed to be metastatic liposarcoma.

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  • (PMID = 18628610.001).
  • [ISSN] 0916-7250
  • [Journal-full-title] The Journal of veterinary medical science
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Vet. Med. Sci.
  • [Language] ENG
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Japan
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0W860991D6 / Deoxycytidine; 6804DJ8Z9U / Capecitabine; 80168379AG / Doxorubicin; U3P01618RT / Fluorouracil
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4. Msaad S, Yangui I, Ayedi L, Ketata W, Sellami T, Ayoub A, Jlidi R: [A rare primary tumor of the mediastinum: pleomorphic liposarcoma]. Rev Pneumol Clin; 2007 Dec;63(6):373-8
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  • [Title] [A rare primary tumor of the mediastinum: pleomorphic liposarcoma].
  • [Transliterated title] Une tumeur primitive rare du médiastin: le liposarcome pléomorphe.
  • Liposarcoma of the mediastinum is a rare tumor with various histologic features.
  • We report a case of mediatinal pleomorphic liposarcoma in a 37-year-old man who complained of chest pain.
  • Computed tomography showed an anterior expansive process within the mediastinum.
  • Histological diagnosis was established by a trans-thoracic computed tomography guided core-needle biopsy.
  • Despite a first cure of chemotherapy with gemcitabin/cisplatin, disease progression led to death 3 months after diagnosis.
  • Mediastinal pleomorphic liposarcoma is an exceptional invading tumor affecting the middle-aged adult.
  • Surgery is the best treatment when possible.
  • The role of radiotherapy and chemotherapy are discussed.
  • [MeSH-major] Liposarcoma / pathology. Mediastinal Neoplasms / pathology
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols / therapeutic use. Chest Pain / etiology. Cisplatin / administration & dosage. Deoxycytidine / administration & dosage. Deoxycytidine / analogs & derivatives. Fatal Outcome. Humans. Male

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  • (PMID = 18166943.001).
  • [ISSN] 0761-8417
  • [Journal-full-title] Revue de pneumologie clinique
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Rev Pneumol Clin
  • [Language] fre
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] France
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0W860991D6 / Deoxycytidine; B76N6SBZ8R / gemcitabine; Q20Q21Q62J / Cisplatin
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5. De Padua M, Bhandari TP, Pingle J: Primary osteoliposarcoma of the bone. Indian J Pathol Microbiol; 2009 Jan-Mar;52(1):80-2
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  • Radiologically, a tumor in the lower end of the right femur was seen extending into the soft tissue.
  • The patient received three cycles of neo-adjuvant chemotherapy followed by limb-salvage surgery with provisions for a custom-made prosthesis.
  • A histopathological study of the excision specimen revealed areas of pleomorphic liposarcoma with numerous osteoblasts associated with areas of osteoid surrounded by neoplastic cells.
  • The final diagnosis was osteoliposarcoma.
  • Only 21% tumor necrosis (effects of chemotherapy) was observed.
  • Presently, 26 months following diagnosis, the patient is fine with no evidence of local recurrence or distant metastasis.
  • [MeSH-major] Bone Neoplasms / diagnosis. Bone Neoplasms / pathology. Liposarcoma / diagnosis. Liposarcoma / pathology. Osteosarcoma / diagnosis. Osteosarcoma / pathology
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Antineoplastic Agents / therapeutic use. Biopsy. Femur / pathology. Femur / radiography. Humans. Male

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  • (PMID = 19136790.001).
  • [ISSN] 0974-5130
  • [Journal-full-title] Indian journal of pathology & microbiology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Indian J Pathol Microbiol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] India
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Antineoplastic Agents
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6. Mitra A, Fisher C, Rhys-Evans P, Harmer C: Liposarcoma of the thyroid. Sarcoma; 2004;8(2-3):91-6

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  • [Title] Liposarcoma of the thyroid.
  • Liposarcoma of the thyroid gland is rare with only 3 cases reported in the English literature.
  • We present a further two patients whom we have recently treated: a 49 year old lady with a myxoid liposarcoma and a 71 year old man with a pleomorphic liposarcoma.
  • The former patient died from metastases 10 months after presentation, the latter remains alive but has developed metastatic disease on follow up at 24 months.We recommend the use of high dose radiotherapy following radical surgery as margins of excision are usually narrow in this most difficult region.
  • The role of chemotherapy is yet to be established.

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  • (PMID = 18521401.001).
  • [ISSN] 1357-714X
  • [Journal-full-title] Sarcoma
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Sarcoma
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Egypt
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC2395612
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7. Cho SH, Rhim SC, Hyun SJ, Bae CW, Khang SK: Intradural involvement of multicentric myxoid liposarcoma. J Korean Neurosurg Soc; 2010 Sep;48(3):276-80
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  • [Title] Intradural involvement of multicentric myxoid liposarcoma.
  • Liposarcomas are malignant tumors of the soft tissue, with myxoid liposarcoma being the second most common subtype, tending to occur in the limbs, particularly in the thighs.
  • Myxoid liposarcomas have an intermediate prognosis between well-differentiated and pleomorphic tumors.
  • We present an unusual case of a multicentric myxoid liposarcoma with intradural involvement.
  • She was histologically diagnosed with small round cell myxoid sarcoma and underwent adjuvant chemotherapy.
  • However, the patient died of multiple metastases 18 months after the first diagnosis.

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  • (PMID = 21082059.001).
  • [ISSN] 1598-7876
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of Korean Neurosurgical Society
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Korean Neurosurg Soc
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Korea (South)
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC2966733
  • [Keywords] NOTNLM ; Cervical spine / Metastasis / Multicentric / Myxoid liposarcoma / lntradural
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8. Calleja Subirán MC, Hernández Gutiérrez FJ, López Elzaurdia C, Revestido García R: [Liposarcoma histologic subtypes: four cases reports]. An Med Interna; 2007 Apr;24(4):179-84
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  • [Title] [Liposarcoma histologic subtypes: four cases reports].
  • [Transliterated title] Subtipos histológicos de liposarcoma: presentación de cuatro casos.
  • The liposarcoma is a malignant tumor of mesodermic origin derived of the adipose tissue.
  • Liposarcoma s types, according to his histological diagnosis, are: mixoide, pleomorphic, well differentiated and dedifferentiated.
  • His treatment is the radical surgery, it is possible, together with radiation therapy and/or chemotherapy.
  • Four patients diagnosed of liposarcoma are shown up, a case of liposarcoma well differentiated, another case of liposarcoma pleomorphic and two cases about liposarcoma mixoide; with the characteristic that one of these two cases presented a local recidivation with a dediferenciation of itself.
  • [MeSH-major] Abdominal Neoplasms / pathology. Liposarcoma / pathology. Retroperitoneal Neoplasms / pathology
  • [MeSH-minor] Abdomen / pathology. Aged. Diagnosis, Differential. Female. Humans. Liposarcoma, Myxoid / diagnosis. Liposarcoma, Myxoid / pathology. Liposarcoma, Myxoid / radiography. Liposarcoma, Myxoid / surgery. Male. Middle Aged. Prognosis. Radiography, Abdominal. Retroperitoneal Space / pathology. Tomography, X-Ray Computed. Treatment Outcome

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  • (PMID = 17867902.001).
  • [ISSN] 0212-7199
  • [Journal-full-title] Anales de medicina interna (Madrid, Spain : 1984)
  • [ISO-abbreviation] An Med Interna
  • [Language] spa
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Spain
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9. Gebhard S, Coindre JM, Michels JJ, Terrier P, Bertrand G, Trassard M, Taylor S, Château MC, Marquès B, Picot V, Guillou L: Pleomorphic liposarcoma: clinicopathologic, immunohistochemical, and follow-up analysis of 63 cases: a study from the French Federation of Cancer Centers Sarcoma Group. Am J Surg Pathol; 2002 May;26(5):601-16
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  • [Title] Pleomorphic liposarcoma: clinicopathologic, immunohistochemical, and follow-up analysis of 63 cases: a study from the French Federation of Cancer Centers Sarcoma Group.
  • The clinicopathologic and immunohistochemical features of 63 pleomorphic liposarcomas are presented.
  • Histologically, lesions show a varying combination of lipogenic and nonlipogenic areas characterized by malignant fibrous histiocytoma-like, round cell liposarcoma-like, and/or epithelioid/carcinoma-like features.
  • Treatment procedures in 51 patients consisted of simple tumorectomy (16) and wide excision (33).
  • Five and 31 patients received neoadjuvant and adjuvant chemotherapy and/or radiation therapy, respectively.
  • Seventeen patients (35%) died of disease, of whom none was metastatic at diagnosis.
  • In conclusion, pleomorphic liposarcoma is a rare, often deep-seated and limb-based aggressive and metastasizing neoplasm of late adulthood.
  • It shows a wide range of morphologic appearances, but tumor grade and histology have no effect on patient outcome.
  • [MeSH-major] Liposarcoma / pathology. Soft Tissue Neoplasms / pathology
  • [MeSH-minor] Adolescent. Adult. Aged. Aged, 80 and over. Biomarkers, Tumor / analysis. Disease-Free Survival. Female. Humans. Immunohistochemistry. Male. Middle Aged. Neoplasm Proteins / analysis. Survival Rate. Treatment Outcome

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  • (PMID = 11979090.001).
  • [ISSN] 0147-5185
  • [Journal-full-title] The American journal of surgical pathology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Am. J. Surg. Pathol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Biomarkers, Tumor; 0 / Neoplasm Proteins
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10. Rousková L, Melichar B, Nikolov DH, Cerman J Jr, Havel E, Megancová J, Urminská H, Jandík P: Fulminant course of metastatic liposarcoma after delivery--case report. Eur J Gynaecol Oncol; 2007;28(1):67-8
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  • [Title] Fulminant course of metastatic liposarcoma after delivery--case report.
  • Abdominal liposarcoma is a rare tumor of uncertain prognosis.
  • Only a few cases of liposarcoma complicating pregnancy have been documented.
  • We report a case of a patient who was diagnosed with metastatic abdominal liposarcoma during the third trimester of the pregnancy.
  • After induced vaginal delivery, palliative surgery was performed and one cycle of systemic combination chemotherapy was administered.
  • Despite the multimodality treatment the patient died of progressive disease within one month after diagnosis.
  • Autopsy revealed high-grade pleomorphic liposarcoma arising from the retroperitoneum with liver and lung metastases.
  • [MeSH-major] Liposarcoma / diagnosis. Liposarcoma / secondary. Pregnancy Complications, Neoplastic / diagnosis. Retroperitoneal Neoplasms / diagnosis

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  • (PMID = 17375713.001).
  • [ISSN] 0392-2936
  • [Journal-full-title] European journal of gynaecological oncology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Eur. J. Gynaecol. Oncol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] Italy
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11. Cannizzaro MA, Cavallaro A, Veroux M, Costanzo M, Ferraù F, Veroux P: [A case of pleomorphic liposarcoma involving a parahypopharyngeal site]. Chir Ital; 2003 May-Jun;55(3):451-6
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  • [Title] [A case of pleomorphic liposarcoma involving a parahypopharyngeal site].
  • [Transliterated title] Su un caso di liposarcoma pleomorfo a sede paraipofaringea.
  • Soft tissue sarcomas are uncommon, accounting for fewer than 1% of malignant neoplasms of the head and neck.
  • The most frequent histotype is malignant fibrohistiocytoma (29%), while the least common is liposarcoma (1%).
  • We report the case of a 20-year-old man with a malignant hypopharyngeal pleomorphic liposarcoma, successfully treated with surgery and adjuvant radio- and chemotherapy.
  • [MeSH-major] Hypopharyngeal Neoplasms / therapy. Liposarcoma / therapy
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Combined Modality Therapy. Humans. Male

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  • (PMID = 12872584.001).
  • [ISSN] 0009-4773
  • [Journal-full-title] Chirurgia italiana
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Chir Ital
  • [Language] ita
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Italy
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12. Madge SN, Tumuluri K, Strianese D, Bonavolonta P, Wilcsek G, Dodd TJ, Selva D: Primary orbital liposarcoma. Ophthalmology; 2010 Mar;117(3):606-14
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  • [Title] Primary orbital liposarcoma.
  • PURPOSE: To describe 6 new cases of primary orbital liposarcoma and provide a review of the relevant literature.
  • PARTICIPANTS: Six patients with primary orbital liposarcoma.
  • MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Patient demographics; clinical presentations; results of radiologic imaging; histopathology; surgical techniques used and their complications; other treatment modalities; outcomes and recurrences.
  • RESULTS: Six cases of primary orbital liposarcoma were identified, 5 of which were primary presentations and 1 of which was a recurrence.
  • Literature review identified 34 other cases of primary orbital liposarcoma, which, partly because of its rarity, is frequently initially misdiagnosed.
  • The most common subtype is myxoid (56.8%); other types are pleomorphic (10.8%) and well differentiated (29.7%).
  • Although radiotherapy has an established role in the treatment of nonorbital liposarcoma, the role of both radiotherapy and chemotherapy in the management of primary orbital liposarcoma is still unclear.
  • CONCLUSIONS: Orbital liposarcoma remains a diagnostic and surgical challenge.
  • Exenteration remains the treatment of choice, but clinicians must also be aware that liposarcoma may herald the diagnosis of the Li-Fraumeni familial cancer syndrome.
  • [MeSH-major] Liposarcoma / pathology. Neoplasm Recurrence, Local / diagnosis. Orbital Neoplasms / pathology
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Female. Humans. Magnetic Resonance Imaging. Male. Orbit Evisceration. Tomography, X-Ray Computed. Young Adult

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  • [Copyright] Copyright 2010 American Academy of Ophthalmology. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
  • (PMID = 20022639.001).
  • [ISSN] 1549-4713
  • [Journal-full-title] Ophthalmology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Ophthalmology
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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13. Morgan JA, George S, Desai J, St Amand M, Horton D, Wilkins E, Manola J, Demetri GD: Phase II study of gemcitabine/vinorelbine (GV) as first or second line chemotherapy in patients with metastatic soft tissue sarcoma (STS). J Clin Oncol; 2004 Jul 15;22(14_suppl):9009

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  • [Title] Phase II study of gemcitabine/vinorelbine (GV) as first or second line chemotherapy in patients with metastatic soft tissue sarcoma (STS).
  • : 9009 Background: Both single agent gemcitabine and vinorelbine have efficacy for treatment of STS.
  • Combination GV is active therapy for metastatic carcinoma, with acceptable toxicity.
  • This single institution phase II trial has been undertaken to determine response rates and toxicity of combination GV for treatment of metastatic STS.
  • Histology was uterine or extremity leiomyosarcoma (LMS) in 9, high grade pleomorphic sarcoma in 2, and 1 each with carcinosarcoma, pleomorphic liposarcoma, malignant peripheral nerve sheath tumor (MPNST), desmoplastic small round cell tumor, rhabdomyosarcoma, and small round cell sarcoma.
  • No treatment related deaths have occurred.
  • Of the remaining 9, 4 have been treatment related, including cough, nausea, vomiting, and SGPT elevation.
  • There have been two confirmed PRs, one high grade uterine LMS progressing after single agent doxorubicin, and one small round cell tumor recurring within 6 months of completion of a 5 drug Ewing's regimen.
  • Median time to progression has been 4.2 months and median survival 6.25 months.
  • CONCLUSIONS: GV appears to be a well-tolerated and potentially effective regimen for first or second line treatment of metastatic STS.

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  • (PMID = 28013692.001).
  • [ISSN] 1527-7755
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of clinical oncology : official journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Clin. Oncol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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14. Goto T, Okuma T, Ogura K, Imanishi J, Hozumi T, Kondo T: [Indication of chemotherapy according to histological type of musculoskeletal sarcomas]. Gan To Kagaku Ryoho; 2009 Feb;36(2):199-203
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  • [Title] [Indication of chemotherapy according to histological type of musculoskeletal sarcomas].
  • In high-grade musculoskeletal sarcomas, adjuvant chemotherapy is often performed to prevent distant metastases.
  • As the efficacy of chemotherapy varies according to the histological type of sarcoma, its indication is determined according to the histological type and the stage.
  • However, because these sarcomas are chemosensitive, their prognoses are improved with adjuvant chemotherapy, so it is absolutely necessary.
  • Drugs commonly used for osteosarcoma include adriamycin, cisplatin, methotrexate, vincristine, and ifosfamide.
  • On the other hand, the efficacy of chemotherapy is unclear in most of the non-round cell sarcomas, e. g., malignant fibrous histiocytoma, pleomorphic liposarcoma, and leiomyosarcoma, so adjuvant chemotherapy is relatively indicated and often performed preoperatively.
  • Postoperative chemotherapy is performed when the preoperative chemotherapy is effective.
  • Among them, the key drugs are adriamycin and ifosfamide.
  • For chemoresistant sarcomas, e. g., chondrosarcoma, chordoma, alveolar soft part sarcoma, chemotherapy is rarely indicated, even if the tumor is histologically high grade and large.
  • Low-grade musculoskeletal sarcomas, e. g., low-grade chondrosarcoma, central low-grade osteosarcoma, parosteal osteosarcoma, well-differentiated liposarcoma, and dermatofibrosarcoma protuberans, are well cured only by surgical excision, and adjuvant chemotherapy is therefore not indicated.
  • Superficially-located, small-size non-round cell sarcomas, even though histologically high grade, are well healed only by surgical excision, and adjuvant chemotherapy is rarely indicated.
  • [MeSH-major] Antineoplastic Agents / therapeutic use. Musculoskeletal Diseases / drug therapy. Musculoskeletal Diseases / pathology. Neoplasms, Muscle Tissue / drug therapy. Neoplasms, Muscle Tissue / pathology. Sarcoma / drug therapy. Sarcoma / pathology
  • [MeSH-minor] Combined Modality Therapy. Humans

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  • (PMID = 19223736.001).
  • [ISSN] 0385-0684
  • [Journal-full-title] Gan to kagaku ryoho. Cancer & chemotherapy
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Gan To Kagaku Ryoho
  • [Language] jpn
  • [Publication-type] English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Japan
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Antineoplastic Agents
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15. Oliveira AM, Nascimento AG: Pleomorphic liposarcoma. Semin Diagn Pathol; 2001 Nov;18(4):274-85
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  • [Title] Pleomorphic liposarcoma.
  • Pleomorphic liposarcoma (PLS) is defined as a high-grade pleomorphic sarcoma containing multivacuolated lipoblasts.
  • Older age, female sex, epithelioid phenotype, and radiotherapy or chemotherapy administration were not significantly associated with an adverse outcome.
  • [MeSH-major] Liposarcoma / pathology. Soft Tissue Neoplasms / pathology

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  • (PMID = 11757868.001).
  • [ISSN] 0740-2570
  • [Journal-full-title] Seminars in diagnostic pathology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Semin Diagn Pathol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Number-of-references] 78
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16. Nascimento AF, Bertoni F, Fletcher CD: Epithelioid variant of myxofibrosarcoma: expanding the clinicomorphologic spectrum of myxofibrosarcoma in a series of 17 cases. Am J Surg Pathol; 2007 Jan;31(1):99-105
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • Myxofibrosarcoma (MFS) is one of the most common soft tissue sarcomas of elderly patients and has a predilection for the limbs.
  • Fifteen patients presented with a mass, and in 2 of these there was also pain.
  • In 10 cases, the tumor was located in subcutaneous tissue and in 6 cases it was subfascial.
  • Twelve patients were treated by surgery followed by chemotherapy and/or radiation (8 cases).
  • One patient received chemotherapy after an incisional biopsy and 1 patient was treated by surgery alone.
  • Ten patients (71.4%) developed local recurrences.
  • Seven patients (50%) developed metastases to lungs or retroperitoneum.
  • Differential diagnosis included carcinoma, melanoma, myoepithelial carcinoma, pleomorphic liposarcoma, and pleomorphic rhabdomyosarcoma.
  • [MeSH-major] Epithelioid Cells / pathology. Fibrosarcoma / secondary. Sarcoma / secondary. Soft Tissue Neoplasms / pathology
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Aged. Aged, 80 and over. Biomarkers, Tumor / analysis. Carcinoma / diagnosis. Combined Modality Therapy. Diagnosis, Differential. Extremities. Fatal Outcome. Female. Humans. Immunoenzyme Techniques. Liposarcoma / diagnosis. Male. Melanoma / diagnosis. Middle Aged. Myoepithelioma / diagnosis. Rhabdomyosarcoma / diagnosis

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  • (PMID = 17197925.001).
  • [ISSN] 0147-5185
  • [Journal-full-title] The American journal of surgical pathology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Am. J. Surg. Pathol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Biomarkers, Tumor
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17. Levine PH, Wei XJ, Gagner JP, Flax H, Mittal K, Blank SV: Pleomorphic liposarcoma of the uterus: case report and literature review. Int J Gynecol Pathol; 2003 Oct;22(4):407-11
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Pleomorphic liposarcoma of the uterus: case report and literature review.
  • A 62-year-old woman with a history of breast carcinoma being treated with tamoxifen presented with a rapidly enlarging pelvic mass.
  • Microscopic examination revealed a variety of patterns and cell types characteristic of liposarcoma that included myxoid/round cell, storiform/pleomorphic, epithelioid, and spindle cell areas.
  • The tumor cells were highly pleomorphic with numerous mitotic figures, some of them atypical.
  • Although a variety of uterine tumors have been associated with tamoxifen treatment, this appears to be the first example of tamoxifen-associated uterine liposarcoma.
  • [MeSH-major] Antineoplastic Agents, Hormonal / adverse effects. Liposarcoma / chemically induced. Liposarcoma / pathology. Tamoxifen / adverse effects. Uterine Neoplasms / chemically induced. Uterine Neoplasms / pathology
  • [MeSH-minor] Breast Neoplasms / drug therapy. Breast Neoplasms / prevention & control. Female. Humans. Middle Aged. Neoplasm Recurrence, Local / prevention & control

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  • (PMID = 14501826.001).
  • [ISSN] 0277-1691
  • [Journal-full-title] International journal of gynecological pathology : official journal of the International Society of Gynecological Pathologists
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Int. J. Gynecol. Pathol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Antineoplastic Agents, Hormonal; 094ZI81Y45 / Tamoxifen
  • [Number-of-references] 29
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18. Della Vittoria Scarpati M, Della Vittoria Scarpati G, Santini M, Vicidomini G, Parascandolo V: [Retroperitoneal pleomorphic liposarcoma. A case of survival after ten years]. Recenti Prog Med; 2004 Jan;95(1):27-9
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] [Retroperitoneal pleomorphic liposarcoma. A case of survival after ten years].
  • [Transliterated title] Liposarcoma pleomorfo retroperitoneale. Dieci anni di sopravvivenza.
  • Sarcomas are malignant neoplasms which can involve both soft tissues and/or bones.
  • The soft tissues sarcomas are very rare, representing about 1% of all malignant tumors.
  • Currently, surgery is the only curative therapy for soft tissues sarcomas in adult patients, with the exclusion of retroperitoneal sarcomas, which have have poor prognosis, due to look of surgical radicality and low radiotherapy and chemotherapy responsiveness.
  • In fact, chemotherapy by conventional regimens, as adriamicine plus ifosfamide or CYVADIC, allows not more than 25% of partial responses, with a median survival of 12 months.
  • [MeSH-major] Liposarcoma / therapy. Retroperitoneal Neoplasms / therapy
  • [MeSH-minor] Aged. Humans. Male. Survivors. Time Factors

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  • (PMID = 15032338.001).
  • [ISSN] 0034-1193
  • [Journal-full-title] Recenti progressi in medicina
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Recenti Prog Med
  • [Language] ita
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Italy
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19. Hartmann JT, Patel S: Recent developments in salvage chemotherapy for patients with metastatic soft tissue sarcoma. Drugs; 2005;65(2):167-78
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Recent developments in salvage chemotherapy for patients with metastatic soft tissue sarcoma.
  • The number of effective cytotoxic agents for the treatment of patients with metastatic adult soft tissue sarcoma is limited, especially when patients have failed anthracycline- and ifosfamide-based chemotherapy.
  • For the subgroup of patients with inoperable gastrointestinal stromal tumour (GIST), progress has been made via the rapid development and approval of the targeted therapy imatinib.
  • Small round cell tumours (SRCTs), such as Ewing's sarcoma/primitive neuroectodermal tumour, desmoplastic SRCT and rhabdomyosarcoma, are chemotherapy-sensitive and potentially curable malignancies, which are treated with multimodality, dose-intensive, neoadjuvant protocols regardless of size or overt metastatic disease.
  • Most other high-grade (grading >I), so-called 'adult type', soft tissue sarcomas such as fibrosarcoma, liposarcoma, pleomorphic and synovial sarcomas are treated with an anthracycline-based regimen with or without ifosfamide as front-line therapy.
  • In relapsed 'adult type' soft tissue sarcomas, trofosfamide, gemcitabine and trabectedin (ecteinascidin 743) appear to be drugs associated with some activity and an acceptable toxicity profile.
  • It is interesting to note that the different drugs have particular effects in distinct subtypes of soft tissue sarcoma; however, it should be taken into account that the number of patients included in the phase II trials is limited.
  • Targeted therapy inhibiting vascular endothelial growth factor receptor, epidermal growth factor receptor, RAF kinase, c-KIT or platelet-derived growth factor receptors will continue to be tested in GIST patients refractory to imatinib and in other sarcoma histologies.
  • [MeSH-major] Antineoplastic Agents / therapeutic use. Neoplasm Metastasis / drug therapy. Salvage Therapy. Sarcoma / drug therapy. Sarcoma / pathology
  • [MeSH-minor] Animals. Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols / therapeutic use. Clinical Trials, Phase I as Topic. Clinical Trials, Phase II as Topic. Humans


20. Sasaki Y, Moritani M, Wada T, Mizumura Y, Kondo M, Yamamoto K, Tsuchida A, Aoki T: [A case of liposarcoma of the sigmoid colon mesenterium successfully treated with chemotherapy]. Gan To Kagaku Ryoho; 2006 May;33(5):679-82
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  • [Title] [A case of liposarcoma of the sigmoid colon mesenterium successfully treated with chemotherapy].
  • We report a case of postoperative recurrence of liposarcoma of the mesenterium successfully treated by chemotherapy using ifosfamide (IFM) and cisplatin (CDDP).
  • A 58-year-old man presented with a strange feeling in the lower abdomen.
  • Enhanced computed tomography showed enhanced non-epithelial tumor in the pelvic space.
  • The tumor moved on palpation, so we diagnosed liposarcoma from the mesenterium, and resected the tumor on 22 August, 2002.
  • The pleomorphic liposarcoma was 11 x 14 x 7 cm, growing from the mesenterium of the sigmoid colon, and weighed 640 g.
  • We started chemotherapy 3 days later using 3.0 g/body IFM from 1 October 2003, together with 1,800 mg/body mesna for prevention of hemorrhage cystitis.
  • We continued chemotherapy using 3.0 g/body/day IFM together with 1, 800 mg/body/day mesna on an outpatient basis, upon his weekly visit to the hospital.
  • Patient remission was shown by abdominal enhanced computed tomography on 10 December.
  • Some grade 2 alopecia and grade 2 leukopenia occurred, so we changed to chemotherapy once every two weeks.
  • The response appeared to be complete on computed tomography in August 2004, and we have been continuing the same chemotherapy without recurrence.
  • [MeSH-major] Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols / therapeutic use. Liposarcoma / drug therapy. Mesentery. Neoplasm Recurrence, Local / drug therapy. Peritoneal Neoplasms / drug therapy
  • [MeSH-minor] Cisplatin / administration & dosage. Colon, Sigmoid. Drug Administration Schedule. Humans. Ifosfamide / administration & dosage. Male. Middle Aged. Postoperative Period. Remission Induction. Reoperation

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  • (PMID = 16685172.001).
  • [ISSN] 0385-0684
  • [Journal-full-title] Gan to kagaku ryoho. Cancer & chemotherapy
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Gan To Kagaku Ryoho
  • [Language] jpn
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Japan
  • [Chemical-registry-number] Q20Q21Q62J / Cisplatin; UM20QQM95Y / Ifosfamide
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21. Dalal KM, Antonescu CR, Singer S: Diagnosis and management of lipomatous tumors. J Surg Oncol; 2008 Mar 15;97(4):298-313
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Diagnosis and management of lipomatous tumors.
  • Lipomatous tumors range from benign lipomas to high-grade liposarcomas.
  • Liposarcomas are classified into five histologic subtypes: well-differentiated, dedifferentiated, myxoid, round cell, and pleomorphic, which differ in outcomes and patterns of recurrence.
  • Surgical resection is the mainstay of curative treatment; however, large, high grade liposarcomas may benefit from multimodality treatment with chemotherapy and radiation.
  • Prospective randomized clinical trials will continue to improve our care of patients with liposarcoma.
  • [MeSH-major] Liposarcoma / diagnosis. Liposarcoma / therapy
  • [MeSH-minor] Chemotherapy, Adjuvant. Combined Modality Therapy. Humans. Lipoma / diagnosis. Lipoma / pathology. Lipoma / therapy. Prognosis

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  • [Copyright] (c) 2008 Wiley-Liss, Inc.
  • (PMID = 18286473.001).
  • [ISSN] 0022-4790
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of surgical oncology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Surg Oncol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Number-of-references] 84
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22. Chuman H: [Current topics in the diagnosis and treatment of malignant fibrous histiocytoma]. Gan To Kagaku Ryoho; 2003 May;30(5):626-33
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] [Current topics in the diagnosis and treatment of malignant fibrous histiocytoma].
  • The cell origin, molecular mechanism of pleomophism and mechanism of pleomorphic change in a cell undergoing malignant change have not been elucidated.
  • These changes occur in many subtypes of sarcomas such as osteogenic sarcoma, chondrosarcoma, leiomyosarcoma, rhabdomyosarcoma, and liposarcoma.
  • Patients with MFH often have repeated recurrences before a diagnosis is made, and the tumor is partially resected.
  • The sensitivity of MFH to radiotherapy and chemotherapy is insufficient, and evidence is lacking for adjuvant treatment.
  • Rescue following initial treatment failure is extremely difficult.
  • Local control of 70% to 90% can be achieved if a correct diagnosis is made, and a curative wide resection or salvage wide resection are done early.
  • For treatment of bone and soft tissue sarcoma, a correct diagnosis and initial treatment are extremely important.
  • Many cases need to be accumulated in joint clinical studies across fields according to organ and specialty, and effective treatment method developed.
  • We need to advance the standardization of treatment for MFH, and eliminate wrong initial treatment through the active provision of information.
  • [MeSH-major] Bone Neoplasms. Histiocytoma, Benign Fibrous. Soft Tissue Neoplasms
  • [MeSH-minor] Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols / therapeutic use. Combined Modality Therapy. Humans. Prognosis. Radiotherapy, Adjuvant. Sarcoma / pathology. Sarcoma / surgery. Sarcoma / therapy. Survival Rate

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  • (PMID = 12795093.001).
  • [ISSN] 0385-0684
  • [Journal-full-title] Gan to kagaku ryoho. Cancer & chemotherapy
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Gan To Kagaku Ryoho
  • [Language] jpn
  • [Publication-type] English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Japan
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23. Yura S, Terahata S, Ohga N, Yamashita T: A case of carcinosarcoma arising in the submandibular gland. Oral Surg Oral Med Oral Pathol Oral Radiol Endod; 2007 Jun;103(6):820-4
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • Total excision of the left submandibular gland with radical neck dissection was performed under a diagnosis of a submandibular tumor, probably a malignant mixed tumor.
  • The pathologic diagnosis was carcinosarcoma consisting of carcinomatous and sarcomatous elements.
  • The nonepithelial component was composed of chondrosarcoma, osteosarcoma, spindle cell sarcoma, rhabdomyosarcoma, and liposarcoma.
  • In the central area of the tumor, a few remnants of benign pleomorphic adenoma were identifiable.
  • The finding suggested that in our patient, the carcinosarcoma arose from a preexisting pleomorphic adenoma.
  • In view of the expected aggressive nature of the tumor, the patient was treated with postoperative radiotherapy of 60 Gy total, in 30 daily fractions of 2 Gy, and chemotherapy.
  • He currently remains well and free of disease 24 months after treatment.
  • [MeSH-minor] Chemotherapy, Adjuvant. Humans. Magnetic Resonance Imaging. Male. Middle Aged. Postoperative Care. Radiotherapy, Adjuvant

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  • (PMID = 17531942.001).
  • [ISSN] 1528-395X
  • [Journal-full-title] Oral surgery, oral medicine, oral pathology, oral radiology, and endodontics
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Oral Surg Oral Med Oral Pathol Oral Radiol Endod
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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