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1. Otto C, Kaemmerer U, Illert B, Muehling B, Pfetzer N, Wittig R, Voelker HU, Thiede A, Coy JF: Growth of human gastric cancer cells in nude mice is delayed by a ketogenic diet supplemented with omega-3 fatty acids and medium-chain triglycerides. BMC Cancer; 2008;8:122
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  • [Title] Growth of human gastric cancer cells in nude mice is delayed by a ketogenic diet supplemented with omega-3 fatty acids and medium-chain triglycerides.
  • This phenomenon, known as aerobic glycolysis or the Warburg effect, may provide a rationale for therapeutic strategies that inhibit tumour growth by administration of a ketogenic diet with average protein but low in carbohydrates and high in fat enriched with omega-3 fatty acids and medium-chain triglycerides (MCT).
  • METHODS: Twenty-four female NMRI nude mice were injected subcutaneously with tumour cells of the gastric adenocarcinoma cell line 23132/87.
  • Experiments were ended upon attainment of the target tumor volume of 600 mm3 to 700 mm3.
  • The two diets were compared based on tumour growth and survival time (interval between tumour cell injection and attainment of target tumour volume).
  • [MeSH-major] Adenocarcinoma / diet therapy. Diet, Carbohydrate-Restricted. Fatty Acids, Omega-3 / administration & dosage. Stomach Neoplasms / diet therapy. Triglycerides / administration & dosage
  • [MeSH-minor] 3-Hydroxybutyric Acid. Animals. Biomarkers, Tumor / biosynthesis. Cell Line, Tumor. Female. Humans. Mice. Mice, Nude. Neoplasm Transplantation. Neovascularization, Pathologic / diet therapy. Tumor Burden / drug effects

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  • (PMID = 18447912.001).
  • [ISSN] 1471-2407
  • [Journal-full-title] BMC cancer
  • [ISO-abbreviation] BMC Cancer
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Comparative Study; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Biomarkers, Tumor; 0 / Fatty Acids, Omega-3; 0 / Triglycerides; TZP1275679 / 3-Hydroxybutyric Acid
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC2408928
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2. Chan MW, Wong CY, Cheng AS, Chan VY, Chan KK, To KF, Chan FK, Sung JJ, Leung WK: Targeted inhibition of COX-2 expression by RNA interference suppresses tumor growth and potentiates chemosensitivity to cisplatin in human gastric cancer cells. Oncol Rep; 2007 Dec;18(6):1557-62
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Targeted inhibition of COX-2 expression by RNA interference suppresses tumor growth and potentiates chemosensitivity to cisplatin in human gastric cancer cells.
  • Although selective cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) inhibitors suppress cell proliferation in gastric cancer, it remains debatable whether their effect is mediated through COX-2 dependent or independent pathways.
  • We investigated the effects of the targeted inhibition of COX-2 expression by small interfering RNA (siRNA) in human gastric cancer cells and compared it to the effects of treatment with a specific COX-2 inhibitor.
  • COX-2 mRNA and proteins were significantly reduced by up to 80% on day 2 after COX-2 siRNA transfection to the gastric cancer cell line MKN45.
  • Concentrations of prostaglandins E2 (PGE2) in the condition medium were also reduced to 30% after siRNA transfection.
  • Transfection of COX-2 siRNA exhibited a more potent anti-proliferative effect on MKN45 cells than treatment with high-dose (100 microM) NS398.
  • COX-2 siRNA also significantly reduced tumor growth in nude mice.
  • While COX-2 siRNA transfection alone had no obvious pro-apoptotic effects, unlike low-dose (10 microM) NS398 it enhanced the apoptotic reaction of MKN45 cells to cisplatin therapy.
  • In conclusion, our results demonstrate for the first time that COX-2 siRNA inhibits cell growth and enhances the chemosensitivity of gastric cancer cells.
  • RNA interference may be a promising alternative to specific COX-2 inhibitors in the prevention and treatment of gastric cancer.
  • [MeSH-major] Cisplatin / therapeutic use. Cyclooxygenase 2 / genetics. RNA Interference. RNA, Small Interfering / genetics. Stomach Neoplasms / pathology
  • [MeSH-minor] Antineoplastic Agents / therapeutic use. Cell Division / drug effects. Cell Line, Tumor. Gene Expression Regulation, Enzymologic / drug effects. Gene Expression Regulation, Neoplastic / drug effects. Humans. Plasmids. RNA, Messenger / genetics

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  • (PMID = 17982644.001).
  • [ISSN] 1021-335X
  • [Journal-full-title] Oncology reports
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Oncol. Rep.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] Greece
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Antineoplastic Agents; 0 / RNA, Messenger; 0 / RNA, Small Interfering; EC 1.14.99.1 / Cyclooxygenase 2; Q20Q21Q62J / Cisplatin
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3. Nakamura M, Fujishima S, Hori S, Nakamura H, Namiki M, Takahashi M, Yamaguchi K: [An adult case of cervico-mediastinal tuberculous lymphadenitis]. Nihon Kokyuki Gakkai Zasshi; 2000 Mar;38(3):223-8
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  • On admission, a right cervical tumor was palpable and chest X-ray films revealed widened superior mediastinum.
  • Chest computed tomography showed multiple swollen mediastinal lymph nodes, including multiple low-density areas and contrast medium-enhanced septa and margins.
  • A PPD skin test was strongly positive and ribosomal RNA of tubercle bacilli was detected in aspirated gastric juice.
  • Although anti-tuberculous chemotherapy was initiated, fever and cough persisted, and hoarseness due to left recurrent laryngeal nerve palsy developed.
  • After 9 months of extended anti-tuberculous chemotherapy, the cervical and mediastinal masses receded and the abnormal chest X-ray shadows disappeared.

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  • (PMID = 10846406.001).
  • [ISSN] 1343-3490
  • [Journal-full-title] Nihon Kokyūki Gakkai zasshi = the journal of the Japanese Respiratory Society
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Nihon Kokyuki Gakkai Zasshi
  • [Language] jpn
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] JAPAN
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4. Lee H, Lee JH, Jung KH, Hong SS: Deguelin promotes apoptosis and inhibits angiogenesis of gastric cancer. Oncol Rep; 2010 Oct;24(4):957-63
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Deguelin promotes apoptosis and inhibits angiogenesis of gastric cancer.
  • Gastric cancer is often diagnosed in locally advanced or metastatic stages, which preludes a poor prognosis.
  • As only 10% of patients with advanced gastric cancer treated with chemotherapy survive 2 years, new approaches for preventing and controlling the disease are required.
  • We therefore, assessed in gastric cancer cells the chemotherapeutic potential and mechanism of deguelin, a rotenoid of the flavonoid family isolated from several plant species.
  • The effect of deguelin on the proliferation and apoptosis in the gastric cancer cells were assessed by MTT and flow cytometry.
  • The growth of gastric cancer cells (SNU-484, AGS and MKN-28) was inhibited by deguelin in a dose-dependent manner.
  • G2/M phase arrest was induced by deguelin in gastric cancer cells. deguelin (1 microM) induced chromatin condensation and DNA fragmentation.
  • Also the exposure to 1 microM deguelin resulted in the increase in early-apoptotic cells (Annexin V-positive/Propidium iodide-negative) after 24 h, compared to the cells in the control medium (31 versus 12%).
  • Deguelin-induced apoptosis involved the caspase-9 and caspase-3 pathways in gastric cancer cells.
  • Akt phosphorylation, hypoxia-inducible factor-1alpha accumulation, and vascular endothelial growth factor expression in gastric cancer cells was inhibited by deguelin.
  • Taken together, deguelin showed anticancer activity in gastric cancer cells, which is correlated with the inhibition of angiogenesis and induction of apoptosis.
  • Deguelin may be a potential agent in inhibiting the progression of gastric cancer by virtue of its activity on these crucial cell characteristics.
  • [MeSH-major] Antineoplastic Agents / pharmacology. Apoptosis / drug effects. Neovascularization, Pathologic / drug therapy. Rotenone / analogs & derivatives. Stomach Neoplasms / drug therapy
  • [MeSH-minor] Blotting, Western. Cell Line, Tumor. Cell Proliferation / drug effects. Cell Separation. Flow Cytometry. Humans. In Situ Nick-End Labeling. Reverse Transcriptase Polymerase Chain Reaction

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  • (PMID = 20811676.001).
  • [ISSN] 1791-2431
  • [Journal-full-title] Oncology reports
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Oncol. Rep.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] Greece
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Antineoplastic Agents; 03L9OT429T / Rotenone; K5Z93K66IE / deguelin
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5. Raderer M, Püspök A, Birkner T, Streubel B, Chott A: Primary gastric mantle cell lymphoma in a patient with long standing history of Crohn's disease. Leuk Lymphoma; 2004 Jul;45(7):1459-62
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Primary gastric mantle cell lymphoma in a patient with long standing history of Crohn's disease.
  • Virtually all cases are of B-cell lineage, including extranodal marginal zone B-cell lymphomas of mucosa-associated lymphoid tissue (MALT lymphoma) and diffuse large B-cell lymphomas.
  • While secondary gastric involvement from nodal mantle cell lymphoma (MCL) or in the course of primary intestinal MCL (lymphomatous polyposis) have been described, primary gastric MCL has not been reported so far.
  • A 74-year-old man with a 14 year-history of Crohn's disease was admitted at a general hospital due to epigastric pain refractory to therapy with proton-pump inhibitors.
  • Endoscopy disclosed a large polypoid tumor with an ulcerated surface at the greater curvature of the gastric antrum.
  • Endosonography demonstrated the tumor to be limited to the stomach with only local lymph node involvement.
  • Histology of gastric biopsies revealed a dense atypical lymphoid infiltrate composed of small to medium sized cells with slightly irregular nuclear contours.
  • Following chemotherapy the patient is disease free at 24 months after diagnosis.
  • This is the first case of a primary localized gastric MCL.
  • [MeSH-minor] Aged. Antibodies, Monoclonal / therapeutic use. Antibodies, Monoclonal, Murine-Derived. Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols / administration & dosage. Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols / therapeutic use. Biopsy. Cyclophosphamide / administration & dosage. Diagnosis, Differential. Disease Susceptibility. Doxorubicin / administration & dosage. Humans. Immunophenotyping. Lymphoma, B-Cell, Marginal Zone / diagnosis. Male. Prednisone / administration & dosage. Remission Induction. Rituximab. Vincristine / administration & dosage


6. Herber S, Otto G, Schneider J, Manzl N, Kummer I, Kanzler S, Schuchmann A, Thies J, Düber C, Pitton M: Transarterial chemoembolization (TACE) for inoperable intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma. Cardiovasc Intervent Radiol; 2007 Nov-Dec;30(6):1156-65
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • The aim of this retrospective study was to determine the safety and efficacy of chemoembolization (TACE) as palliative treatment for patients with unresectable intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma (CCA) and to compare the results with those in the literature.
  • Fifteen patients with histology-proven CCA (5 men, 10 women) had received palliative treatment with TACE over a 6-year period.
  • The treatment protocol comprised repeated TACE at a minimum of 8-week intervals.
  • TACE was performed with a mixture of 10 ml Lipiodol and 10 mg mitomycin C injected into the tumor-supplying vessels.
  • Mean tumor size was 10.8 +/- 4.6 cm (range, 2.0-18.0 cm).
  • Unifocal tumor disease was diagnosed in eight patients, and multifocal disease in seven.
  • According to RECIST criteria interim best response to therapy was stable disease in 9 of 15 patients, a partial response in 1 of 15 patients, and tumor progression in 4 of 15 patients.
  • No deaths and no acute liver failure occurred under TACE therapy.
  • Major complications were observed in two patients, comprising anaphylactic shock owing to contrast medium administration in one and gastric ulceration due to lipiodol displacement in the second patient.
  • These results demonstrate that TACE is a safe procedure with a moderate number of complications for patients suffering from inoperable CCA.
  • According to recently published data on i.v. chemotherapy we suggest that TACE might be able to prolong survival in selected patients who would succumb under other palliative treatment modalities.
  • [MeSH-major] Bile Duct Neoplasms / therapy. Bile Ducts, Intrahepatic. Chemoembolization, Therapeutic / methods. Cholangiocarcinoma / therapy
  • [MeSH-minor] Aged. Aged, 80 and over. Antibiotics, Antineoplastic / administration & dosage. Contrast Media / administration & dosage. Female. Humans. Iodized Oil / administration & dosage. Iopamidol / analogs & derivatives. Male. Middle Aged. Mitomycin / administration & dosage. Statistics, Nonparametric. Survival Rate. Tomography, X-Ray Computed. Treatment Outcome

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  • (PMID = 17508242.001).
  • [ISSN] 0174-1551
  • [Journal-full-title] Cardiovascular and interventional radiology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Cardiovasc Intervent Radiol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Antibiotics, Antineoplastic; 0 / Contrast Media; 17E17JBP8L / iomeprol; 50SG953SK6 / Mitomycin; 8001-40-9 / Iodized Oil; JR13W81H44 / Iopamidol
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7. Kodera Y, Ito S, Fujiwara M, Mochizuki Y, Ohashi N, Ito Y, Nakayama G, Koike M, Yamamura Y, Nakao A: In vitro chemosensitivity test to predict chemosensitivity for paclitaxel, using human gastric carcinoma tissues. Int J Clin Oncol; 2006 Dec;11(6):449-53
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  • [Title] In vitro chemosensitivity test to predict chemosensitivity for paclitaxel, using human gastric carcinoma tissues.
  • BACKGROUND: Therapy guided by chemotherapy sensitivity and resistance assays may lead to rational treatment decisions.
  • Paclitaxel, one of several new drugs for gastric carcinoma, has not been extensively evaluated by in vitro chemosensitivity tests.
  • METHODS: Chemosensitivity testing by histoculture drug response assay (HDRA) was performed with fresh specimens of primary tumor from 113 patients with gastric carcinoma.
  • The test was performed in medium containing paclitaxel at three different concentrations for the initial 45 samples.
  • HDRA was successfully performed for 100 of 113 samples and chemosensitivity, calculated as the percentage of optical density of a tumor treated with anticancer drugs in relation to the optical density of the tumor cultured in the medium only, was distributed widely at this concentration.
  • No significant correlation was observed between chemosensitivity and age, sex, clinical stage, histopathologic type, and outcome of patients with gastric carcinoma.
  • CONCLUSION: A histoculture drug response assay can now be performed to predict the chemosensitivity of paclitaxel at the concentration found in the current study.
  • [MeSH-major] Antineoplastic Agents, Phytogenic / therapeutic use. Drug Resistance, Neoplasm. Paclitaxel / therapeutic use. Stomach Neoplasms / drug therapy
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Aged. Aged, 80 and over. Cell Culture Techniques. Drug Screening Assays, Antitumor. Female. Humans. Male. Middle Aged. Predictive Value of Tests. Sensitivity and Specificity. Tumor Cells, Cultured

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  • (PMID = 17180513.001).
  • [ISSN] 1341-9625
  • [Journal-full-title] International journal of clinical oncology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Int. J. Clin. Oncol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Japan
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Antineoplastic Agents, Phytogenic; P88XT4IS4D / Paclitaxel
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8. Ott K, Vogelsang H, Mueller J, Becker K, Müller M, Fink U, Siewert JR, Höfler H, Keller G: Chromosomal instability rather than p53 mutation is associated with response to neoadjuvant cisplatin-based chemotherapy in gastric carcinoma. Clin Cancer Res; 2003 Jun;9(6):2307-15
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  • [Title] Chromosomal instability rather than p53 mutation is associated with response to neoadjuvant cisplatin-based chemotherapy in gastric carcinoma.
  • PURPOSE: The objective of the study was to evaluate microsatellite alterations [microsatellite instability (MSI) and loss of heterozygosity (LOH)] and mutation in the p53 gene in relation to response and patient survival to a cisplatin-based neoadjuvant chemotherapy in gastric cancer.
  • EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN: Fifty-three pretherapeutic gastric carcinoma biopsies were analyzed with 11 microsatellite markers.
  • Patients were treated with a cisplatin-based, neoadjuvant chemotherapy regimen.
  • Therapy response was evaluated by computed tomography scan, endoscopy, and endoluminal ultrasound.
  • With respect to LOH, LOH at chromosome 17p13 showed a significant association with therapy response (P = 0.022) but did not reach statistical significance in terms of patient survival.
  • The global LOH rate, expressed as fractional allelic loss (FAL), was assessed, and tumors were classified into tumors with a high (>0.5), medium (>0.25-0.5), and low (0-0.25) FAL value.
  • A statistically significant association of FAL with therapy response was found (P = 0.003), with a high FAL being related to therapy response.
  • CONCLUSIONS: A high level of chromosomal instability (high FAL value) defines a subset of patients who are more likely to benefit from cisplatin-based neoadjuvant chemotherapy. p53 mutation status is not significantly associated with therapy response and is not a useful marker for response prediction.
  • [MeSH-major] Chromosomal Instability. Genes, p53. Mutation. Stomach Neoplasms / drug therapy. Stomach Neoplasms / genetics
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Aged. Alleles. Chemotherapy, Adjuvant. Cisplatin / therapeutic use. Female. Humans. Immunohistochemistry. Loss of Heterozygosity. Male. Microsatellite Repeats. Middle Aged. Tumor Suppressor Protein p53 / analysis

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  • (PMID = 12796400.001).
  • [ISSN] 1078-0432
  • [Journal-full-title] Clinical cancer research : an official journal of the American Association for Cancer Research
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Clin. Cancer Res.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Tumor Suppressor Protein p53; Q20Q21Q62J / Cisplatin
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9. Giatromanolaki A, Stathopoulos GP, Koukourakis MI, Rigatos S, Vrettou E, Kittas C, Fountzilas G, Sivridis E: Angiogenesis and apoptosis-related protein (p53, bcl-2, and bax) expression versus response of gastric adenocarcinomas to paclitaxel and carboplatin chemotherapy. Am J Clin Oncol; 2001 Jun;24(3):222-6
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Angiogenesis and apoptosis-related protein (p53, bcl-2, and bax) expression versus response of gastric adenocarcinomas to paclitaxel and carboplatin chemotherapy.
  • The role of angiogenesis and apoptosis-related proteins in defining response to chemotherapy is poorly understood.
  • We examined the microvessel density (MVD) and the expression of p53, bcl-2, and bax proteins in a series of 28 locally advanced gastric adenocarcinomas, treated with paclitaxel and carboplatin.
  • Microvessel density was assigned in three categories: low (<35), medium (35-60), and high (>60).
  • Tumors of medium MVD showed a significantly higher response rate compared with those of high or low MVD (p = 0.01 and 0.001, respectively), and prognosis was significantly better in this group of patients with medium MVD tumors (p < 0.02).
  • Loss of bax protein expression was somewhat more frequent in tumors resistant to chemotherapy, but this difference was not of statistical significance.
  • The expression of p53 and bcl-2 did not influence the outcome of treatment.
  • The present study suggests that although apoptosis-related proteins may have a role in defining response to taxanes, parameters related to tumors' vasculature, such as drug availability or angiogenic tissue regeneration, may be equally important.
  • [MeSH-major] Adenocarcinoma / drug therapy. Adenocarcinoma / metabolism. Antineoplastic Agents / therapeutic use. Carboplatin / therapeutic use. Paclitaxel / therapeutic use. Proto-Oncogene Proteins / biosynthesis. Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-bcl-2 / biosynthesis. Stomach Neoplasms / drug therapy. Stomach Neoplasms / metabolism. Tumor Suppressor Protein p53 / biosynthesis

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  • (PMID = 11404489.001).
  • [ISSN] 0277-3732
  • [Journal-full-title] American journal of clinical oncology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Am. J. Clin. Oncol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Antineoplastic Agents; 0 / BAX protein, human; 0 / Proto-Oncogene Proteins; 0 / Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-bcl-2; 0 / Tumor Suppressor Protein p53; 0 / bcl-2-Associated X Protein; BG3F62OND5 / Carboplatin; P88XT4IS4D / Paclitaxel
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10. Kunisaki Y, Muta T, Yamano Y, Kobayashi Y: Detection of two cell populations corresponding to distinct maturation stages in API-2/MLT-positive mucosa-associated lymphoid tissue lymphoma cells proliferating in pleural effusion. Int J Hematol; 2003 Nov;78(4):357-61
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  • [Title] Detection of two cell populations corresponding to distinct maturation stages in API-2/MLT-positive mucosa-associated lymphoid tissue lymphoma cells proliferating in pleural effusion.
  • A 66-year-old man was admitted to our hospital because of an intra-abdominal tumor and pleural effusion (PE).
  • Computed tomography scans showed extensive thickening of the gastric wall and bilateral massive PE without lymph node or pulmonary involvement.
  • A histologic examination of the gastric mucosa showed a diffuse infiltration of small- to medium-sized lymphoid CD20-bearing cells, some of which showed a plasmacytoid morphology.
  • The diagnosis was gastric mucosa-associated lymphoid tissue (MALT) lymphoma infiltrating to the PE, PB, and BM.
  • The patient had a good response to fludarabine treatment, which was followed with rituximab therapy.
  • In general, gastric MALT lymphoma cells have a tendency to differentiate into plasma cells.
  • [MeSH-minor] Aged. Antigens, Differentiation, B-Lymphocyte / analysis. Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols / administration & dosage. B-Lymphocytes / pathology. Cell Adhesion Molecules / analysis. Cell Differentiation. Cell Division. Humans. Immunophenotyping. Male. Neoplasm, Residual. Stomach Neoplasms / diagnosis. Stomach Neoplasms / drug therapy. Stomach Neoplasms / pathology

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  • (PMID = 14686495.001).
  • [ISSN] 0925-5710
  • [Journal-full-title] International journal of hematology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Int. J. Hematol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Japan
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11. Chen B, Cao S, Zhang Y, Wang X, Liu J, Hui X, Wan Y, Du W, Wang L, Wu K, Fan D: A novel peptide (GX1) homing to gastric cancer vasculature inhibits angiogenesis and cooperates with TNF alpha in anti-tumor therapy. BMC Cell Biol; 2009;10:63
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  • [Title] A novel peptide (GX1) homing to gastric cancer vasculature inhibits angiogenesis and cooperates with TNF alpha in anti-tumor therapy.
  • BACKGROUND: The discovery of the importance of angiogenesis in tumor growth has emphasized the need to find specific vascular targets for tumor-targeted therapies.
  • Previously, using phage display technology, we identified the peptide GX1 as having the ability to target the gastric cancer vasculature.
  • The present study investigated the bioactivities of GX1, as well as its potential ability to cooperate with recombinant mutant human tumor necrosis factor alpha (rmhTNFalpha), in gastric cancer therapy.
  • RESULTS: Tetrazolium salt (MTT) assay showed that GX1 could inhibit cell proliferation of both human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVEC) (44%) and HUVEC with tumor endothelium characteristics, generated by culturing in tumor-conditioned medium (co-HUVEC) (62%).
  • When GX1 was fused to rmhTNFalpha, GX1-rmhTNFalpha selectively concentrated in the gastric cancer vasculature, as shown by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay, immunofluorescence and emission-computed tomography.
  • In a tumor formation test, GX1-rmhTNFalpha more effectively inhibited tumor growth than rmhTNFalpha (tumor volume: 271 mm3 vs. 134 mm3, p < 0.05), with less systemic toxicity as measured by body weight (20.57 g vs. 19.30 g, p < 0.05).
  • These therapeutic effects may be mediated by selectively enhanced tumor vascular permeability, as indicated by Evan's blue assay.
  • Furthermore, when GX1 was conjugated to rmhTNFalpha, the fusion protein was selectively delivered to targeted tumor sites, significantly improving the anti-tumor activity of rmhTNFalpha and decreasing systemic toxicity.
  • These results demonstrate the potential of GX1 as a homing peptide in vascular targeted therapy for gastric cancer.
  • [MeSH-major] Angiogenesis Inhibitors / therapeutic use. Antineoplastic Agents / therapeutic use. Oligopeptides / therapeutic use. Stomach Neoplasms / blood supply. Stomach Neoplasms / drug therapy. Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha / therapeutic use
  • [MeSH-minor] Animals. Apoptosis / drug effects. Cells, Cultured. Disease Progression. Endothelial Cells / cytology. Endothelial Cells / drug effects. Humans. Mice. Mice, Nude. Peptides, Cyclic

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  • (PMID = 19740430.001).
  • [ISSN] 1471-2121
  • [Journal-full-title] BMC cell biology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] BMC Cell Biol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Angiogenesis Inhibitors; 0 / Antineoplastic Agents; 0 / Oligopeptides; 0 / Peptides, Cyclic; 0 / Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha; 0 / cyclo(cysteinyl-glycyl-aspargyl-seryl-aspargyl-prolyl-lysyl-seryl-cysteine)
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC2746182
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12. Urbańczyk K, Stachura J, Papla B, Karcz D, Matłok M: Gastric solid glomus tumor and multiple glomangiomyomas of the large bowel with intravascular spread, multifocal perivascular proliferations and liver involvement. Pol J Pathol; 2007;58(3):207-14
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  • [Title] Gastric solid glomus tumor and multiple glomangiomyomas of the large bowel with intravascular spread, multifocal perivascular proliferations and liver involvement.
  • The authors present a case of multiple glomus tumors (GTs) of the gastrointestinal tract, representing the type of a gastric glomus tumor proper and large bowel glomangiomyomas with myopericytoma-like features, observed in a 46-year old female, with multifocal perivascular proliferations of primitive cells and hepatic involvement.
  • Histologically, the multilobular gastric tumor and hepatic lesions corresponded to a typical glomus tumor, while the tumor situated in the transverse colon, up to 7 cm in diameter, presented as a glomangiomyoma infiltrative (with myopericytoma-like foci), and satellite tumors in the large bowel mucosa, 0.5-0.7 cm in diameter, represented small glomangiomyomas.
  • In addition, the patient demonstrated two types of concomitant vascular lesions: 1/ intravascular spread in the form of neoplastic plugs that obliterated the lumen of medium-size veins, and 2/ microscopic perivascular proliferation of primitive, small cells seen in the vicinity of the main tumor and in the adjacent adipose tissue.
  • The patient has been ill for 2.5 years; she has been subjected to a partial colectomy with a resection of the small intestinal loop, greater omentum and the right ovary, followed by chemotherapy.
  • It seems that at present, the group of perivascular SMA+ tumors may include infantile-type myofibromatosis in adults, myopericytoma, glomangio(myo)pericytoma, glomangiomyoma, glomus tumor proper, and glomangioma.
  • In the remaining cases, determination whether the patient has metastatic disease requires deep consideration and caution, also while deciding on treatment to be employed.
  • [MeSH-major] Glomus Tumor / secondary. Intestine, Large / pathology. Liver Neoplasms / secondary. Neoplasms, Multiple Primary / pathology. Stomach Neoplasms / pathology
  • [MeSH-minor] Biomarkers, Tumor / analysis. Female. Humans. Immunohistochemistry. Middle Aged

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  • (PMID = 18074867.001).
  • [ISSN] 1233-9687
  • [Journal-full-title] Polish journal of pathology : official journal of the Polish Society of Pathologists
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Pol J Pathol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Poland
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Biomarkers, Tumor
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13. Kobayashi K, Yokote T, Akioka T, Hara S, Oka S, Hirata Y, Miyoshi T, Tsuji M, Hanafusa T: [Primary gastric T-cell lymphoma with predominant bone marrow infiltration undergoing aggressive clinical course]. Gan To Kagaku Ryoho; 2007 Apr;34(4):647-51
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  • [Title] [Primary gastric T-cell lymphoma with predominant bone marrow infiltration undergoing aggressive clinical course].
  • Upper gastroduodenal endoscopy revealed a gastric tumor in the greater curvature of the body.
  • Biopsy specimens showed the infiltration of medium-sized abnormal cells.
  • Bone marrow biopsy also indicated infiltration of the medium-sized abnormal cells.
  • The diagnosis was HTLV-1 unassociated primary gastric T-cell lymphoma with bone marrow infiltration.
  • After undergoing oral chemotherapy with VP-16 at 25 mg/day, combination chemotherapy was initiated with vincristine 2 mg/day and dexamethasone 48 mg/day.
  • The man died with the aggressive clinical course after combination chemotherapy.

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  • (PMID = 17431359.001).
  • [ISSN] 0385-0684
  • [Journal-full-title] Gan to kagaku ryoho. Cancer & chemotherapy
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Gan To Kagaku Ryoho
  • [Language] jpn
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Japan
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Antigens, CD20; 0 / Antigens, CD3
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14. Ohi S, Hashimoto H, Tachibana T, Tabei I, Nakajima M, Sato K, Yanaga K, Ishikawa H: Establishment and characterization of EB virus-free normal B-lymphocyte and interleukin-6-producing poorly differentiated adenocarcinoma cell lines derived from gastric tumor tissue. Hum Cell; 2005 Mar;18(1):35-44
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  • [Title] Establishment and characterization of EB virus-free normal B-lymphocyte and interleukin-6-producing poorly differentiated adenocarcinoma cell lines derived from gastric tumor tissue.
  • The tumor delivered to our laboratory from an operating room was cut into small pieces and cultured on the dishes.
  • Injection of HIGS-BL cells, other B-lymphocyte cell lines, or the conditioned media of HIGS-BL cells into nude mice bearing HIGS-grafted tumors was performed individually.
  • The inhibition of grafted tumor growth was confirmed by the injection of not only the HIGS-BL cells but also the B-lymphocytes.
  • Furthermore, this inhibition was only observed when the conditioned medium of B-lymphocytes was injected into the nude mice.
  • In addition, susceptibility tests to anti-cancer drugs suggested that HIGS cells were sensitive to CDDP, ADM and MMC, and HIGS-BL cells were sensitive to CDDP.
  • If CDDP was used for chemotherapy in the patient, the drug produced atrophy of HIGS-BL cells.
  • The study about HIGS and HIGS-BL cells reported the necessity for novel therapeutic approaches in oncotherapy.
  • [MeSH-minor] Animals. Antineoplastic Agents / pharmacology. Cells, Cultured. Cisplatin / pharmacology. Culture Media, Conditioned / pharmacology. Drug Screening Assays, Antitumor. Herpesvirus 4, Human. Humans. Karyotyping. Male. Mice. Mice, Nude. Neoplasm Transplantation

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  • (PMID = 16130898.001).
  • [ISSN] 0914-7470
  • [Journal-full-title] Human cell
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Hum. Cell
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Japan
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Antineoplastic Agents; 0 / Culture Media, Conditioned; 0 / Interleukin-6; Q20Q21Q62J / Cisplatin
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15. Kubisch CH, Beigel F, Ihrler S, Goke B, Reiser MF, Hoffmann RT: Oesophageal ulceration after selective internal radiation therapy in a patient with carcinoma of unknown primary. Z Gastroenterol; 2010 May;48(5):546-50
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  • [Title] Oesophageal ulceration after selective internal radiation therapy in a patient with carcinoma of unknown primary.
  • BACKGROUND: Cancer of unknown primary (CUP) is defined as histologically confirmed metastases in the absence of an identifiable primary tumor.
  • The medium survival averages 6 to 9 months.
  • After cycles of chemotherapy and hemihepatectomy the tumor returned and showed hepatic progression.
  • The patient was evaluated for selective internal radiation therapy (SIRT).
  • This side effect appears in up to 12 % of patients, often very late after treatment, is refractory to pharmacotherapy and persistent over a long time.
  • CONCLUSIONS: SIRT is a new, effective treatment in patients with hepatic CUP.
  • Because of the anticipated increase of this therapy, adverse side effects such as ulcerations in the upper-GI tract secondary to ectopic implantation of microspheres may be seen more commonly.
  • [MeSH-major] Adenocarcinoma / radiotherapy. Adenocarcinoma / secondary. Brachytherapy / adverse effects. Duodenal Ulcer / pathology. Embolization, Therapeutic. Esophageal Diseases / pathology. Esophagus / radiation effects. Liver Neoplasms / radiotherapy. Liver Neoplasms / secondary. Neoplasms, Unknown Primary / radiotherapy. Radiation Injuries / pathology. Stomach Ulcer / pathology. Ulcer / pathology
  • [MeSH-minor] Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols / therapeutic use. Disease Progression. Duodenum / pathology. Duodenum / radiation effects. Endoscopy, Digestive System. Female. Gastric Mucosa / pathology. Gastric Mucosa / radiation effects. Hepatectomy. Humans. Intestinal Mucosa / pathology. Intestinal Mucosa / radiation effects. Microspheres. Middle Aged. Neoadjuvant Therapy. Radiotherapy, Adjuvant

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  • (PMID = 20449787.001).
  • [ISSN] 1439-7803
  • [Journal-full-title] Zeitschrift für Gastroenterologie
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Z Gastroenterol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Germany
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16. Yabuki K, Tamasaki Y, Satoh K, Maekawa T, Matsumoto M: Primary gastric lymphoma with spontaneous perforation: report of a case. Surg Today; 2000;30(11):1030-3
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  • [Title] Primary gastric lymphoma with spontaneous perforation: report of a case.
  • Primary gastric lymphoma with spontaneous perforation is rare.
  • Emergency endoscopic examination showed a perforated gastric tumor in the lower body of the greater curvature, and a distal subtotal gastrectomy with lymph node dissection was performed.
  • The resected tumor measured 10.0 x 8.0 cm and was associated with an area of ulceration, 8.0 x 6.0 cm in size, and perforation, 1.0 x 0.5 cm in size.
  • Pathological examination confirmed a diagnosis of B-cell malignant lymphoma of the diffuse, medium-sized cell type.
  • Postoperative adjuvant chemotherapy comprising cyclophosphamide, doxorubicin, vincristine, and prednisolone (CHOP) was given.
  • [MeSH-minor] Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols. Chemotherapy, Adjuvant. Cyclophosphamide. Doxorubicin. Humans. Male. Middle Aged. Prednisone. Rupture, Spontaneous. Vincristine

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  • (PMID = 11110402.001).
  • [ISSN] 0941-1291
  • [Journal-full-title] Surgery today
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Surg. Today
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] JAPAN
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 5J49Q6B70F / Vincristine; 80168379AG / Doxorubicin; 8N3DW7272P / Cyclophosphamide; VB0R961HZT / Prednisone; CHOP protocol
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17. Takada J, Kenno S, Aoki T, Hamada H, Katsuki Y: [A case in which intra-arterial chemotherapy for simultaneous hepatic metastases markedly improved AFP-producing gastric cancer]. Gan To Kagaku Ryoho; 2009 Nov;36(12):2326-9
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  • [Title] [A case in which intra-arterial chemotherapy for simultaneous hepatic metastases markedly improved AFP-producing gastric cancer].
  • The prognosis of most hepatic and lymph node metastases in AFP-producing gastric cancer is poor, and despite the use of multimodal therapy, the average survival period is reported to be approximately one year.
  • Described here is one example in which intra-arterial chemotherapy for simultaneous hepatic metastases in AFP-producing gastric cancer achieved a marked improvement.
  • Distal gastrectomy was performed for Type II gastric cancer.
  • L, type 2, 5.5x2.4 cm, tub 2>por 1, pT2 (MP), int, INF b, ly2, v1, pN1, pPM (-), pDM (-), pH1: stage IV.
  • The AFP level before surgery was 801.4 ng/mL and lowered to 65.8 ng/mL after surgery, AFP-producing gastric cancer and simultaneous hepatic metastases (S4, single lesion) was diagnosed based upon imaging examinations.
  • 5-FU+epirubicin+MMC (FEM)intra-arterial chemotherapy was started one month following surgery, but because CT showed multiple new hepatic lesions(S4, S5)four months following surgery, DSM therapy was performed with hepatic arterial injections of MMC 10 mg, DSM 300 mg.
  • Dynamic CT showed a reduction in size of the tumors in both S4 and S5, and at five months following surgery, hepatic arterial infusion chemotherapy FP (CDDP 5 mg+5-FU 250 mg weekly) was started and performed 45 times in a 14-month period.
  • During therapy, CR was achieved for the hepatic metastases and tumor marker levels were also normal.
  • Because an introduction of contrast medium into the hepatic reservoir showed a narrowing of the hepatic artery and inflow of contrast medium into the splenic artery, arterial infusion was terminated.
  • This suggests the possibility that intra-arterial chemotherapy is an effective treatment method for hepatic metastases in AFP-producing gastric cancer.
  • [MeSH-major] Adenocarcinoma / drug therapy. Adenocarcinoma / pathology. Liver Neoplasms / drug therapy. Liver Neoplasms / secondary. Stomach Neoplasms / pathology. alpha-Fetoproteins / biosynthesis
  • [MeSH-minor] Aged. Antibiotics, Antineoplastic / administration & dosage. Antimetabolites, Antineoplastic / administration & dosage. Antineoplastic Agents / administration & dosage. Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols / administration & dosage. Cisplatin / administration & dosage. Epirubicin / administration & dosage. Female. Fluorouracil / administration & dosage. Gastrectomy. Hepatic Artery. Humans. Infusions, Intra-Arterial. Mitomycin / administration & dosage

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  • Hazardous Substances Data Bank. CIS-DIAMINEDICHLOROPLATINUM .
  • Hazardous Substances Data Bank. MITOMYCIN C .
  • Hazardous Substances Data Bank. FLUOROURACIL .
  • Hazardous Substances Data Bank. EPIRUBICIN .
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  • (PMID = 20037411.001).
  • [ISSN] 0385-0684
  • [Journal-full-title] Gan to kagaku ryoho. Cancer & chemotherapy
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Gan To Kagaku Ryoho
  • [Language] jpn
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Japan
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Antibiotics, Antineoplastic; 0 / Antimetabolites, Antineoplastic; 0 / Antineoplastic Agents; 0 / alpha-Fetoproteins; 3Z8479ZZ5X / Epirubicin; 50SG953SK6 / Mitomycin; Q20Q21Q62J / Cisplatin; U3P01618RT / Fluorouracil
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18. Jiang R, Kanamori M, Satoh Y, Fukuda M, Ikuta K, Murakami M, Sairenji T: Contrasting effects of hydroxyurea on cell growth and reduction in Epstein-Barr virus genomes in EBV-infected epithelioid cell lines vs Burkitt's lymphoma cell lines. J Med Virol; 2003 Jun;70(2):244-52
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • Eliminating Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) genomes from infected cells is an intriguing theoretical strategy in therapy for EBV-associated malignant diseases.
  • Respective patterns were characterized for hydroxyurea (HU)-promoted loss of EBV genomes from EBV-infected epithelioid cell lines derived from the noncancerous portion of gastric carcinoma tissues and Burkitt's lymphoma (BL) cell lines.
  • On passage in medium with 50 microM HU, the fraction of EBV nuclear antigen (EBNA)-positive cells was reduced substantially in the BL cell lines, but only slightly in the epithelioid cell lines.
  • [MeSH-major] Herpesvirus 4, Human / drug effects. Herpesvirus 4, Human / growth & development. Hydroxyurea / pharmacology
  • [MeSH-minor] Burkitt Lymphoma. Cell Cycle / drug effects. Cell Line, Transformed. DNA, Viral / analysis. Epithelioid Cells / virology. Genome, Viral. Humans. In Situ Hybridization, Fluorescence. Tumor Cells, Cultured. Virus Latency

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  • Hazardous Substances Data Bank. HYDROXYUREA .
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  • [Copyright] Copyright 2003 Wiley-Liss, Inc.
  • (PMID = 12696111.001).
  • [ISSN] 0146-6615
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of medical virology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Med. Virol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / DNA, Viral; X6Q56QN5QC / Hydroxyurea
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