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1. Kajiwara R, Goto H, Yokosuka T, Yanagimachi M, Kuroki F, Fujii H, Takahashi H, Yokota S: [Acute appendicitis during bone marrow suppression following chemotherapy for acute leukemia; report of three cases]. Rinsho Ketsueki; 2007 Mar;48(3):223-8
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  • [Title] [Acute appendicitis during bone marrow suppression following chemotherapy for acute leukemia; report of three cases].
  • We report here on the clinical courses of three cases of acute appendicitis during a period of myelosuppression after chemotherapy for acute leukemia.
  • The patients were two boys and one girl with a mean age 11 years (range, 10-12).
  • Two of the patients had acute myeloid leukemia (AML) in subtypes M1 and M2, while the third had acute lymphoblostic leukemia of subtype L1 (FAB classification).
  • However, the typical peritoneal signs were blunted and developed transiently in two cases.
  • All patients were diagnosed as having appendicitis with abdominal computed tomography scan (CT), and proceeded to appendectomy.
  • With perioperative support utilizing antibiotics, antifungal agents, blood components, and granulocyte-colony stimulating factor, surgical intervention was successfully performed, and all patients were able to undergo chemotherapy courses shortly after surgery.
  • [MeSH-major] Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols / adverse effects. Appendicitis / diagnosis. Appendicitis / etiology. Appendicitis / surgery. Bone Marrow Cells / immunology. Immunosuppression. Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute / complications. Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute / drug therapy. Perioperative Care. Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma / complications. Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma / drug therapy
  • [MeSH-minor] Acute Disease. Appendectomy. Child. Diagnosis, Differential. Female. Humans. Male. Tomography, X-Ray Computed

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  • (PMID = 17441480.001).
  • [ISSN] 0485-1439
  • [Journal-full-title] [Rinshō ketsueki] The Japanese journal of clinical hematology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Rinsho Ketsueki
  • [Language] jpn
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Japan
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2. Takahashi T, Maruyama Y, Satoh Y, Yoshimoto M, Tsujisaki M: Complex t(8;14;21)(q22;q13;q22), a variant of t(8;21), with t(15;21)(q15;p11) in a patient with acute myelogenous leukemia (M1). Cancer Genet Cytogenet; 2004 Dec;155(2):152-3
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  • [Title] Complex t(8;14;21)(q22;q13;q22), a variant of t(8;21), with t(15;21)(q15;p11) in a patient with acute myelogenous leukemia (M1).
  • [MeSH-major] Chromosomes, Human, Pair 14. Chromosomes, Human, Pair 15. Chromosomes, Human, Pair 21. Chromosomes, Human, Pair 8. Genetic Variation. Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute / genetics. Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute / prevention & control. Translocation, Genetic
  • [MeSH-minor] Antimetabolites, Antineoplastic / therapeutic use. Core Binding Factor Alpha 2 Subunit. Cytarabine / therapeutic use. Drug Therapy, Combination. Female. Humans. Idarubicin / therapeutic use. Karyotyping. Leukocytes, Mononuclear / chemistry. Middle Aged. Oncogene Proteins, Fusion / genetics. RNA, Messenger / genetics. Reverse Transcriptase Polymerase Chain Reaction. Secondary Prevention. Transcription Factors / genetics

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  • (PMID = 15571802.001).
  • [ISSN] 0165-4608
  • [Journal-full-title] Cancer genetics and cytogenetics
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Cancer Genet. Cytogenet.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Letter
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / AML1-ETO fusion protein, human; 0 / Antimetabolites, Antineoplastic; 0 / Core Binding Factor Alpha 2 Subunit; 0 / Oncogene Proteins, Fusion; 0 / RNA, Messenger; 0 / Transcription Factors; 04079A1RDZ / Cytarabine; ZRP63D75JW / Idarubicin
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3. Monteleone PM, Steele DA, King AK, Konefal S, Kelleher JF: Bilateral breast relapse in acute myelogenous leukemia. J Pediatr Hematol Oncol; 2001 Feb;23(2):126-9
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  • [Title] Bilateral breast relapse in acute myelogenous leukemia.
  • We present the case of an 11.5-year-old girl with M1 acute myelogenous leukemia (AML) who had isolated extramedullary relapse develop in both breasts 12 months after diagnosis and 7 months off chemotherapy.
  • She received further chemotherapy, focal radiation therapy, then underwent a matched, unrelated bone marrow transplant and continues in remission 37 months later.
  • Review of the literature revealed 10 cases in other children younger than 21-years-old with AML and breast involvement.
  • Breast involvement in AML is rare in children.
  • However, regular breast examinations should be performed as part of routine follow-up in all girls with AML.
  • [MeSH-major] Breast / pathology. Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute / pathology. Vidarabine / analogs & derivatives
  • [MeSH-minor] Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols / therapeutic use. Biopsy. Bone Marrow Transplantation. Child. Combined Modality Therapy. Cytarabine / administration & dosage. Daunorubicin / administration & dosage. Dexamethasone / administration & dosage. Etoposide / administration & dosage. Female. Graft vs Host Disease / etiology. Humans. Idarubicin / administration & dosage. Immunologic Factors / therapeutic use. Interleukin-2 / therapeutic use. Leukemic Infiltration. Radiotherapy, High-Energy. Recurrence. Salvage Therapy. Thioguanine / administration & dosage. Transplantation Conditioning

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  • (PMID = 11216705.001).
  • [ISSN] 1077-4114
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of pediatric hematology/oncology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Pediatr. Hematol. Oncol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Immunologic Factors; 0 / Interleukin-2; 04079A1RDZ / Cytarabine; 6PLQ3CP4P3 / Etoposide; 7S5I7G3JQL / Dexamethasone; FA2DM6879K / Vidarabine; FTK8U1GZNX / Thioguanine; P2K93U8740 / fludarabine; ZRP63D75JW / Idarubicin; ZS7284E0ZP / Daunorubicin
  • [Number-of-references] 23
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4. Pagano L, Pulsoni A, Mele L, Tosti ME, Cerri R, Visani G, Melillo L, Candoni A, Clavio M, Nosari A, Petti MC, Martino B, Mele A, Levis A, Allione B, Almici C, Equitani F, Leone G, Mandelli F, Gruppo Italiano Malattie Ematologiche dell'Adults: Acute myeloid leukemia in patients previously diagnosed with breast cancer: experience of the GIMEMA group. Ann Oncol; 2001 Feb;12(2):203-7
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  • [Title] Acute myeloid leukemia in patients previously diagnosed with breast cancer: experience of the GIMEMA group.
  • OBJECTIVE: To evaluate in a multicenter retrospective study, the clinical and laboratory characteristics and the outcome of patients with acute myeloid leukemia (sAML) previously diagnosed with breast cancer (BC) among an adult acute leukemia population.
  • PATIENTS AND METHODS: Between June 1992 and July 1996, 3934 new cases of adults with acute leukemia were recorded in GIMEMA Archive of Adult Acute Leukemia (2964 AML, 901 ALL, 69 acute leukemia expressing both myeloid and lymphoid surface markers).
  • RESULTS: Two hundred patients (5.1%) presented with a history of previous malignancy (21 of them were affected by ALL and 179 by AML).
  • Twenty-seven patients received chemo- and/or radiotherapy for breast cancer (7 only chemotherapy, 6 only radiotherapy, and 14 combined treatment).
  • All patients were surgically treated but in 10 patients surgical debridement was the sole therapy for breast cancer.
  • The drugs most frequently employed were alkylating agents (18 patients), topoisomerase II inhibitors (9 patients), antimetabolites (20 patients) (CMF, CEF and MMM combinations).
  • Considering morphological features, FAB subtypes were 4 M0, 5 M1, 11 M2, 5 M3, 8 M4, 3 M5, and 1 M6.
  • Thirty-four patients received chemotherapy for sAML, and twenty-five of them achieved a CR (74%), with a median duration of twenty-eight weeks (5-280+).
  • DISCUSSION: The high number of sAML we observed in patients with a previous breast cancer, may be due to the fact that this malignancy is the most frequent neoplasm in women and by the high probability of cure with a consequent long disease-free survival.

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  • (PMID = 11300325.001).
  • [ISSN] 0923-7534
  • [Journal-full-title] Annals of oncology : official journal of the European Society for Medical Oncology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Ann. Oncol.
  • [Language] ENG
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Multicenter Study; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] England
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5. Green DW, Sanchez LA, Parodi JC, Geraghty PJ, Ferreira LM, Sicard GA: Acute thromboembolic events during carotid artery angioplasty and stenting: etiology and a technique of neurorescue. J Endovasc Ther; 2005 Jun;12(3):360-5
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  • [Title] Acute thromboembolic events during carotid artery angioplasty and stenting: etiology and a technique of neurorescue.
  • Medical records of patients with periprocedural thromboembolic events were reviewed to determine the type of complication, method of treatment, and outcome.
  • Both patients suffered thromboembolic occlusion of the M1 branch of the middle cerebral artery (MCA) immediately following crossing of the internal carotid lesion with the protection device.
  • Notably these complications appeared to occur at the time of lesion crossing by distal cerebral protection devices.
  • [MeSH-major] Angioplasty, Balloon. Blood Vessel Prosthesis Implantation / adverse effects. Carotid Artery, Internal. Carotid Stenosis / therapy. Intracranial Thrombosis / etiology. Intracranial Thrombosis / therapy. Intraoperative Complications
  • [MeSH-minor] Acute Disease. Aged. Angiography, Digital Subtraction. Antibodies, Monoclonal / administration & dosage. Antibodies, Monoclonal / therapeutic use. Anticoagulants / administration & dosage. Anticoagulants / therapeutic use. Drug Therapy, Combination. Follow-Up Studies. Humans. Immunoglobulin Fab Fragments / administration & dosage. Immunoglobulin Fab Fragments / therapeutic use. Injections, Intra-Arterial. Injections, Intravenous. International Cooperation. Male. Middle Aged. Middle Cerebral Artery. Plasminogen Activators / administration & dosage. Plasminogen Activators / therapeutic use. Retrospective Studies. Treatment Outcome. Ultrasonography, Doppler, Transcranial. Urokinase-Type Plasminogen Activator / administration & dosage. Urokinase-Type Plasminogen Activator / therapeutic use

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  • (PMID = 15943512.001).
  • [ISSN] 1526-6028
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of endovascular therapy : an official journal of the International Society of Endovascular Specialists
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Endovasc. Ther.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Multicenter Study
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Antibodies, Monoclonal; 0 / Anticoagulants; 0 / Immunoglobulin Fab Fragments; EC 3.4.21.- / Plasminogen Activators; EC 3.4.21.73 / Urokinase-Type Plasminogen Activator; X85G7936GV / abciximab
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6. Lesesve JF, Dugué F, Grégoire MJ, Witz F, Dror Y: Shwachman-Diamond syndrome with late-onset neutropenia and fatal acute myeloid leukaemia without maturation: a case report. Eur J Haematol; 2003 Nov;71(5):393-5
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  • [Title] Shwachman-Diamond syndrome with late-onset neutropenia and fatal acute myeloid leukaemia without maturation: a case report.
  • We report on a male patient affected by Shwachman Diamond syndrome (SDS) who presented an unusual delayed neutropenia and then developed a poorly differentiated acute myeloid leukaemia (M0-AML) with trilineage myelodysplasia in adulthood.
  • The patient was treated with conventional chemotherapy but never reached complete remission of leukaemia and died 18 months after diagnosis.
  • SDS is an inherited bone marrow failure syndrome with a high propensity to leukaemic transformation.
  • [MeSH-major] Exocrine Pancreatic Insufficiency / complications. Leukemia, Myeloid / etiology. Neutropenia / etiology
  • [MeSH-minor] Acute Disease. Cell Differentiation. Child. Fatal Outcome. Genetic Predisposition to Disease. Humans. Male. Pancytopenia / etiology. Sepsis / etiology. Syndrome

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  • (PMID = 14667205.001).
  • [ISSN] 0902-4441
  • [Journal-full-title] European journal of haematology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Eur. J. Haematol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Denmark
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7. Herry A, Douet-Guilbert N, Guéganic N, Morel F, Le Bris MJ, Berthou C, De Braekeleer M: Del(5q) and MLL amplification in homogeneously staining region in acute myeloblastic leukemia: a recurrent cytogenetic association. Ann Hematol; 2006 Apr;85(4):244-9
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  • [Title] Del(5q) and MLL amplification in homogeneously staining region in acute myeloblastic leukemia: a recurrent cytogenetic association.
  • We report here a 71 year-old female presenting with acute myeloblastic leukemia (FAB-M1) after treatment of essential thrombocythemia with Vercyte.
  • Twenty-one cases, including ours, of myelodysplastic syndromes and acute myelogenous leukemia with MLL amplification present in hsr or dmin were found in the literature.
  • Most of these patients shared some characteristics: they were old, they had de novo acute myeloid leukemia (AML) with a complex karyotype and a short survival, 90% of them having also a del(5q).
  • Therefore, the simultaneous presence of MLL amplification and del(5q) appears to be a nonrandom association that could be the signature of AML in elderly patients with a poor prognosis.
  • [MeSH-major] Chromosome Deletion. Chromosomes, Human, Pair 11 / genetics. Chromosomes, Human, Pair 5 / genetics. Chromosomes, Human, Pair 7 / genetics. Gene Amplification. Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute / genetics. Myeloid-Lymphoid Leukemia Protein / genetics
  • [MeSH-minor] 6-Mercaptopurine / therapeutic use. Aged. Cytogenetic Analysis. Fatal Outcome. Female. Histone-Lysine N-Methyltransferase. Humans. In Situ Hybridization, Fluorescence / methods. Karyotyping. Pipobroman / therapeutic use. Prognosis. Sensitivity and Specificity. Thrombocytosis / diagnosis. Thrombocytosis / drug therapy

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  • (PMID = 16425025.001).
  • [ISSN] 0939-5555
  • [Journal-full-title] Annals of hematology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Ann. Hematol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] Germany
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / MLL protein, human; 149025-06-9 / Myeloid-Lymphoid Leukemia Protein; 6Q99RDT97R / Pipobroman; E7WED276I5 / 6-Mercaptopurine; EC 2.1.1.43 / Histone-Lysine N-Methyltransferase
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8. Tóthová E, Fricova M, Stecová N, Kafková A, Elbertová A: High expression of Bcl-2 protein in acute myeloid leukemia cells is associated with poor response to chemotherapy. Neoplasma; 2002;49(3):141-4
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  • [Title] High expression of Bcl-2 protein in acute myeloid leukemia cells is associated with poor response to chemotherapy.
  • Flow cytometric expression of bcl-2 protein was analyzed in 67 newly diagnosed acute myeloblastic leukemia (AML) patients using an anti-bcl-2 monoclonal antibody by direct immunofluorescence technique and results were correlated with FAB subtype, CD34 expression and clinical outcome.
  • The number of bcl-2+ cells in each sample was heterogenous (range, 19% to 96%), with a mean of 81%.
  • The percentage of bcl-2+ cells was higher in M0 and M1 types according to French-American-British classification.
  • The mean fluorescence index (MFI), expressed as the ratio of sample channel:control mean channel was significantly higher (p=0.01) in M0 (19.0) and M1 (17.6) than M4 (11.7) and M5 (8.9) cytotypes.
  • High percentage expression of bcl-2 and MFI index of bcl-2 was associated with a low complete remission rate after intensive chemotherapy (40.4% in cases with 20% and more positive cells vs 72% in cases with less than 20% positive cells).
  • By statistical analysis we also demonstrated that both bcl-2 high MFI (>16) and CD34 expression are independent prognostic factors for achieving CR in AML.
  • [MeSH-major] Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute / drug therapy. Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-bcl-2 / analysis
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Aged. Aged, 80 and over. Antigens, CD34 / analysis. Female. Humans. Male. Middle Aged. Treatment Outcome

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  • (PMID = 12097997.001).
  • [ISSN] 0028-2685
  • [Journal-full-title] Neoplasma
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Neoplasma
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Slovakia
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Antigens, CD34; 0 / Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-bcl-2
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9. Mashita T, Shimoda T, Yoshioka H, Takahashi Y, Mitsuda M: A cat with acute myeloblastic leukemia without maturation (M1) treated with combination chemotherapy. J Vet Med Sci; 2006 Jan;68(1):97-101
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  • [Title] A cat with acute myeloblastic leukemia without maturation (M1) treated with combination chemotherapy.
  • Acute myeloblastic leukemia without maturation (M1) was diagnosed according to the FAB classification.
  • Chemotherapy was initiated with cyclophosphamide, vincristine, prednisolone, and cytosine arabinoside.

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  • (PMID = 16462128.001).
  • [ISSN] 0916-7250
  • [Journal-full-title] The Journal of veterinary medical science
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Vet. Med. Sci.
  • [Language] ENG
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Japan
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 04079A1RDZ / Cytarabine; 5J49Q6B70F / Vincristine; 8N3DW7272P / Cyclophosphamide; 9PHQ9Y1OLM / Prednisolone; EC 1.11.1.7 / Peroxidase
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10. Reisch N, Roehnisch T, Sadeghi M, Greiner L, Regenbogen C, Rieger J, Emmerich B, Oduncu F: AML M1 presenting with recurrent acute large arterial vessel thromboembolism. Leuk Res; 2007 Jun;31(6):869-71
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  • [Title] AML M1 presenting with recurrent acute large arterial vessel thromboembolism.
  • Acute leukemia may be associated with coagulopathy, predominantly severe bleeding diathesis caused by disseminated intravascular coagulation (DIC) and/or hyperfibrinolysis.
  • Disordered hemostasis is characteristic for acute promyelocytic leukemia (APL, FAB M3).
  • We report a case of severe recurrent acute arterial thromboembolism at presentation in AML FAB M1.
  • Most likely, the ischemic events in our patient resulted from leukemia as the thrombus material included many leukemic blasts.
  • Despite leg amputation just a couple of hours before and extremely high infectious risk of the patient, chemotherapy was administered.
  • The clinical course of cessation of the ischemic events and a fast reduction of the blasts in the peripheral blood smear after chemotherapeutic treatment of the patient outlines the importance and life saving role of early chemotherapy even under adverse circumstances.
  • [MeSH-major] Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute / complications. Thromboembolism / etiology
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Amputation. Disseminated Intravascular Coagulation / etiology. Female. Hemorrhagic Disorders / etiology. Humans. Iliac Artery / pathology. Iliac Artery / radiography. Ischemia / etiology. Ischemia / pathology. Ischemia / radiography. Ischemia / surgery. Leg / blood supply. Leg / pathology. Leg / radiography. Leg / surgery. Leukemia, Promyelocytic, Acute / complications

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  • (PMID = 17011031.001).
  • [ISSN] 0145-2126
  • [Journal-full-title] Leukemia research
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Leuk. Res.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] England
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11. Webb DK, Harrison G, Stevens RF, Gibson BG, Hann IM, Wheatley K, MRC Childhood Leukemia Working Party: Relationships between age at diagnosis, clinical features, and outcome of therapy in children treated in the Medical Research Council AML 10 and 12 trials for acute myeloid leukemia. Blood; 2001 Sep 15;98(6):1714-20
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  • [Title] Relationships between age at diagnosis, clinical features, and outcome of therapy in children treated in the Medical Research Council AML 10 and 12 trials for acute myeloid leukemia.
  • Between May 1988 and June 2000, 698 children were treated in the Medical Research Council acute myeloid leukemia 10 and 12 trials.
  • The presenting features and outcomes of therapy in these children were compared by age.
  • The distribution of French-American-British (FAB) types also varied with age; FAB types M5 (P <.001) and M7 (P <.001) were more common in early childhood, whereas older children were more likely to have FAB types M0 (P =.03), M1 (P =.04), M2 (P =.005), and M3 (P <.001).
  • Involvement of the central nervous system at diagnosis was also more common in the youngest children (P =.01).
  • Younger children had more severe diarrhea (P =.002), whereas older children had worse nausea and vomiting (P =.01) after chemotherapy.
  • When adjusted for other important factors, complete remission rates were similar (P =.5) and although there was less resistant disease in younger children (P =.003), this was partially balanced by a slight increase in deaths during induction therapy in younger patients (P =.06).
  • [MeSH-major] Leukemia, Myeloid / diagnosis. Leukemia, Myeloid / drug therapy
  • [MeSH-minor] Acute Disease. Adolescent. Age Factors. Child. Child, Preschool. Cytogenetic Analysis. Disease-Free Survival. Female. Humans. Infant. Infant, Newborn. Male. Prognosis. Recurrence. Survival Rate. Treatment Outcome


12. Abdel Rahman H, Farrag SA, El-Attar IA: AML1/ETO Fusion Gene in de novo Pediatric Acute Myeloid Leukemia: Clinical Significance and Prognostic Implications. J Egypt Natl Canc Inst; 2007 Mar;19(1):39-47
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  • [Title] AML1/ETO Fusion Gene in de novo Pediatric Acute Myeloid Leukemia: Clinical Significance and Prognostic Implications.
  • The characterization of leukemia-associated chromosome translocations has contributed relevant insights into our understanding of leukemia pathogenesis and has provided new specific tumor markers essential in prognostic assessment and minimal residual disease studies.
  • The aim of this work is to study the frequency of AML1/ETO fusion gene in a series of Egyptian childhood AML cases.
  • The clinical significance and prognostic implications of this aberration, including CR rate, duration of first CR, extramedullary leukemia (EML), and survival are investigated as well.
  • Peripheral blood and/or bone marrow mononuclear cells were available for analysis from 78 children, all newly diagnosed with AML.
  • Patients with de novo AML were treated by 2 courses of induction chemotherapy, followed by 4 courses of consolidation treatment if the patient achieved complete remission (CR).
  • Patients with less than 5% blasts by the end of the second course of ADE passed to consolidation chemotherapy.
  • Seven cases (46.67%) belonged to FAB subtype M1, 7 (46.67%) M2, while only one case (6.67%) belonged to M5a subtype.
  • Their total leukocytic counts ranged from 7.1 to 183.0 x 109/l with a median of 21.0 x 109/l.
  • Their hemoglobin concentrations ranged from 4.8 to 10.3g/dl with a median of 7.4g/dl, while their platelet counts ranged from 6.0 to 96.0 x 109/l with a median of 25.5 x 109/l.
  • Lymph nodes were enlarged in 8/15 cases (53.34%), hepatomegly was observed in 4/15 cases (26.67%), splenomegaly in 8/15 cases (53.34%), purpura in 6/15 cases (40%), while pallor was observed in all fifteen cases.Extramedullary leukemia occurred in 4/15 cases (26.67%).
  • As regards the fate of the positive cases, thirteen cases (86.67%) attained complete remission (CR) following induction chemotherapy.
  • In conclusion, we report a frequency of 19.2% of AML1/ETO fusion gene in our newly diagnosed pediatric AML cases.
  • Positive cases showed good response to induction therapy, as well as high complete remission rates, which are features of good prognosis.
  • Key Words: Pediatric acute myeloid leukemia , AML1/ETO fusion gene , RT-PCR , Clinical outcome , Prognostic significance.

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  • (PMID = 18839034.001).
  • [ISSN] 1110-0362
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of the Egyptian National Cancer Institute
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Egypt Natl Canc Inst
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Egypt
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13. Graf M, Hecht K, Reif S, Pelka-Fleischer R, Pfister K, Schmetzer H: Expression and prognostic value of hemopoietic cytokine receptors in acute myeloid leukemia (AML): implications for future therapeutical strategies. Eur J Haematol; 2004 Feb;72(2):89-106
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  • [Title] Expression and prognostic value of hemopoietic cytokine receptors in acute myeloid leukemia (AML): implications for future therapeutical strategies.
  • There is evidence to suggest, that those receptors (R) could play a role in leukemia with respect to cell differentiations and its regulation, prognosis, and pathobiology.
  • Knowledge of individual cytokine receptor (CKR) profiles could provide new discoveries about CKR-supported therapeutic considerations.
  • METHODS: We have studied the expression of CKR on mononuclear bone marrow (BM) cells of 89 patients with acute myeloid leukemia (AML) at first diagnosis, three patients at relapse or with persisting AML and eight healthy probands by fluorescence-activated cell sorting (FACS) analysis using directly fluorescein-conjugated antibodies: CD114 (hG-CSF-R), CD116 (hGM-CSF-R), CD117 (hSCF-R), CD123 (hIL-3-R), CD130 (gp130subunit), CD135 (hFL-R).
  • RESULTS: All investigated CKR were more frequently expressed in AML-samples than in healthy BM-samples, except CD130, which was only expressed on 5-6% of AML-blasts in all and with only one healthy BM-sample being CD130(+).
  • Within the French-American-British (FAB) types we observed a maturation- and lineage (granulocytic/monocytic)-committed expression profile.
  • Monocytic subtypes (FAB-type M4/M5) showed significantly more GM-CSF-R(+) (P = 0.001) and FL-R(+) (P = 0.001) and significantly less stem cell factor-R (SCF-R(+)) (P = 0.02) cases.
  • Highest proportions of G-CSF-R(+) blasts were observed in FAB-type M3.
  • In undifferentiated leukemias (FAB-type M1, M2) high amounts of SCF-R(+), IL-3-R(+), and FL-R(+) blasts could be detected.
  • FL-R was the only CKR, which was positive in FAB-type M0 (n = 2).
  • For clinical evaluation only patients treated by the AML-CG-protocol, were included (n = 53).
  • CONCLUSION: We can conclude, that CKR-expression in AML is maturation- and lineage-committed and the proportions of especially early acting CKR have influence on relapse-free survival probability of AML-patients, independently of the karyotype.
  • With respect to the individual CKR status the benefit of cytokines as priming agents, as agents to treat neutropenia or to influence the metabolism of chemotherapy can be discussed under new points of view.
  • [MeSH-major] Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute / immunology. Receptors, Cytokine / blood
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Aged. Aged, 80 and over. Bone Marrow Cells / immunology. Bone Marrow Cells / pathology. Female. Humans. Male. Middle Aged. Predictive Value of Tests. Prognosis. Recurrence. Time Factors


14. Okada S, Hongo T, Yamada S, Watanabe C, Fujii Y, Ohzeki T, Horikoshi Y, Ito T, Yazaki M, Komada Y, Tawa A: In vitro efficacy of l-asparaginase in childhood acute myeloid leukaemia. Br J Haematol; 2003 Dec;123(5):802-9
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  • [Title] In vitro efficacy of l-asparaginase in childhood acute myeloid leukaemia.
  • To explore the potential efficacy of l-asparaginase treatment in acute myeloid leukaemia (AML) patients, we studied the in vitro resistance of French-American-British (FAB) subtypes of childhood AML to l-asparaginase using a methyl-thiazol-tetrazolium assay.
  • We tested leukaemic cells obtained from 177 common acute lymphoblastic leukaemia (cALL) and 228 AML children at diagnosis.
  • The median 70% lethal dose of l-asparaginase (LD70asp) (U/ml) was 0.46 in the cALL and 6.70 in the AML samples.
  • The median LD70asp among each FAB subtype of AML was 0.76 (M0), 0.46 (M1), 10.00 (M2), 10.00 (M3), 1.18 (M4), 1.35 (M5) and 10.00 (M7).
  • Type M3 samples had the highest LD70asp.
  • The LD70asp of the M2 samples was significantly higher than that of the M1, M4 and M5 samples.
  • When the LD70asp values were classified as low (0.016-0.159), intermediate (0.16-1.59) or high (1.6-10.00), the frequency of low, intermediate or high LD70asp among the M1 samples were similar to those among the cALL samples.
  • In conclusion, cells from AML types M1, M4 and M5 were relatively sensitive to l-asparaginase, and M1 cells were as sensitive as those of cALL, suggesting that l-asparaginase treatment may be effective for these subtypes of AML.
  • [MeSH-major] Antineoplastic Agents / therapeutic use. Asparaginase / therapeutic use. Leukemia, Myeloid / drug therapy
  • [MeSH-minor] Acute Disease. Adolescent. Age Factors. Analysis of Variance. Child. Child, Preschool. Drug Administration Schedule. Drug Resistance, Neoplasm. Female. Humans. Infant. Lethal Dose 50. Leukemia, Monocytic, Acute / drug therapy. Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute / drug therapy. Leukemia, Myelomonocytic, Acute / drug therapy. Lymphocyte Count. Male. Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma / drug therapy. Sex Factors

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  • (PMID = 14632770.001).
  • [ISSN] 0007-1048
  • [Journal-full-title] British journal of haematology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Br. J. Haematol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Comparative Study; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Antineoplastic Agents; EC 3.5.1.1 / Asparaginase
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15. Chelghoum Y, Danaïla C, Belhabri A, Charrin C, Le QH, Michallet M, Fiere D, Thomas X: Influence of cigarette smoking on the presentation and course of acute myeloid leukemia. Ann Oncol; 2002 Oct;13(10):1621-7
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  • [Title] Influence of cigarette smoking on the presentation and course of acute myeloid leukemia.
  • BACKGROUND: It is known that cigarette smoking is associated with an approximately 50% increase in leukemia risk.
  • In order to detect a possible influence of cigarette smoking on initial characteristics at the time of presentation and on the course of the disease, we conducted a retrospective study in 643 patients with newly diagnosed acute myeloid leukemia.
  • RESULTS: Cigarette smoking was significantly related to male gender (P <0.0001), professional occupancy (P = 0.002), presence of organomegaly (P = 0.01), and lower peripheral blood and bone marrow leukemic cell involvement (P = 0.007 and P = 0.0001, respectively).
  • Leukemia of French-American-British (FAB) M1 subtype was more frequent in non-smokers (P = 0.005).
  • However, a higher rate of severe pulmonary infection was observed in smokers during induction chemotherapy (P = 0.02).
  • Other characteristics associated with poor prognosis included mainly older age, unfavorable karyotype, secondary acute myeloid leukemia (AML) and elevated World Health Organization (WHO) performance status.
  • CONCLUSIONS: Cigarette smoking has a deleterious effect on survival in AML by shortening complete remission duration and subsequent survival.


16. Drabkin HA, Parsy C, Ferguson K, Guilhot F, Lacotte L, Roy L, Zeng C, Baron A, Hunger SP, Varella-Garcia M, Gemmill R, Brizard F, Brizard A, Roche J: Quantitative HOX expression in chromosomally defined subsets of acute myelogenous leukemia. Leukemia; 2002 Feb;16(2):186-95
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  • [Title] Quantitative HOX expression in chromosomally defined subsets of acute myelogenous leukemia.
  • We used a degenerate RT-PCR screen and subsequent real-time quantitative RT-PCR assays to examine the expression of HOX and TALE-family genes in 34 cases of chromosomally defined AML for which outcome data were available.
  • Higher levels of expression were also observed in the FAB subtype, AML-M1.
  • While we did not detect any significant correlations between HOX expression and complete response rates or age in this limited set of patients, there was a significant correlation between event-free survival and HOXA7 with a trend toward significance for HoxA9, HoxA4 and HoxA5.
  • Thus, although HOX overexpression and clinical resistance to chemotherapy often coincide, they are not inextricably linked.
  • Our results indicate that quantitative HOX analysis has the potential to add new information to the management of patients with AML, especially where characteristic chromosomal alterations are lacking.
  • [MeSH-major] Gene Expression Profiling / methods. Gene Expression Regulation, Leukemic. Genes, Homeobox. Leukemia, Myeloid / genetics
  • [MeSH-minor] Acute Disease. Adult. Aged. Chromosome Aberrations. Chromosomes, Human / genetics. Computer Systems. DNA Primers. Female. Follow-Up Studies. Gene Amplification. Homeodomain Proteins / biosynthesis. Humans. Male. Middle Aged. Multigene Family. Neoplasm Proteins / biosynthesis. Neoplasm Proteins / genetics. ROC Curve. Reverse Transcriptase Polymerase Chain Reaction. Survival Analysis. Treatment Outcome

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  • (PMID = 11840284.001).
  • [ISSN] 0887-6924
  • [Journal-full-title] Leukemia
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Leukemia
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / DNA Primers; 0 / Homeodomain Proteins; 0 / Neoplasm Proteins
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17. Patte C, Auperin A, Gerrard M, Michon J, Pinkerton R, Sposto R, Weston C, Raphael M, Perkins SL, McCarthy K, Cairo MS, FAB/LMB96 International Study Committee: Results of the randomized international FAB/LMB96 trial for intermediate risk B-cell non-Hodgkin lymphoma in children and adolescents: it is possible to reduce treatment for the early responding patients. Blood; 2007 Apr 1;109(7):2773-80
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  • [Title] Results of the randomized international FAB/LMB96 trial for intermediate risk B-cell non-Hodgkin lymphoma in children and adolescents: it is possible to reduce treatment for the early responding patients.
  • We performed the FAB/LMB96 trial to assess the possibility of reducing treatment in children/adolescents with intermediate-risk B-NHL without jeopardizing survival.
  • "Early responding" patients (tumor response > 20% at day 7) were randomized in a factorial design between 4 arms, 2 receiving half-dose of cyclophosphamide in the second induction course with cyclophosphamide, Oncovin (vincristine), prednisone, Adriamycin (doxorubicin), methotrexate (COPADM) and 2 not receiving the maintenance course M1.
  • The analysis showed no significant effect of any of the treatment reductions on EFS and survival.
  • The 4-year EFS was 93.4% and 90.9% in the groups with full-dose and half-dose of cyclophosphamide (RR = 1.3, P = .40) and 91.9% and 92.5% in the groups with and without M1 (RR = 1.01, P = .98).
  • There was no interaction between the 2 treatment reductions or between each treatment reduction and LDH level or histologic subtypes (Burkitt/Burkitt-like or large B-cell).
  • Children/adolescents with intermediate-risk B-NHL who have an early response and achieve a complete remission after the first consolidation course can be cured with a 4-course treatment with a total dose of only 3.3 g/m2 cyclophosphamide and 120 mg/m2 doxorubicin.
  • [MeSH-major] Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols / administration & dosage. Lymphoma, B-Cell / drug therapy
  • [MeSH-minor] Adolescent. Adult. Burkitt Lymphoma / drug therapy. Child. Child, Preschool. Cyclophosphamide / administration & dosage. Doxorubicin / administration & dosage. Female. Humans. Lymphoma, Large B-Cell, Diffuse / drug therapy. Male. Methotrexate / administration & dosage. Prednisone / administration & dosage. Remission Induction. Risk Factors. Survival Rate. Time Factors. Vincristine / administration & dosage

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  • (PMID = 17132719.001).
  • [ISSN] 0006-4971
  • [Journal-full-title] Blood
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Blood
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Multicenter Study; Randomized Controlled Trial; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 5J49Q6B70F / Vincristine; 80168379AG / Doxorubicin; 8N3DW7272P / Cyclophosphamide; VB0R961HZT / Prednisone; YL5FZ2Y5U1 / Methotrexate; MEVAP protocol
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC1852229
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18. Srivastava MD, Ambrus JL: Effect of 1,25(OH)2 Vitamin D3 analogs on differentiation induction and cytokine modulation in blasts from acute myeloid leukemia patients. Leuk Lymphoma; 2004 Oct;45(10):2119-26
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  • [Title] Effect of 1,25(OH)2 Vitamin D3 analogs on differentiation induction and cytokine modulation in blasts from acute myeloid leukemia patients.
  • In acute myeloid leukemia (AML), cell proliferation and differentiation are uncoupled, causing a maturation block.
  • Induction of terminal differentiation is a potential therapeutic strategy.
  • We investigated 1alpha, 25(OH)2 Vitamin D3 and 5 of its more potent analogs with reduced calcium resorbing activity for differentiation of blast cells from AML (FAB M1) patients, compared to TPA.
  • Vitamin D3 and its analogs can induce differentiation of primary cells from AML patients in vitro, but may need to be combined with other agents for terminal differentiation of blasts and effective therapy in vivo.
  • [MeSH-major] Calcitriol / analogs & derivatives. Cell Differentiation / drug effects. Cytokines / antagonists & inhibitors. Granulocyte Precursor Cells / drug effects. Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute / pathology
  • [MeSH-minor] Acute Disease. Cell Adhesion. Cells, Cultured. Dose-Response Relationship, Drug. Humans. Interleukin-6 / antagonists & inhibitors. Interleukin-8 / antagonists & inhibitors. Structure-Activity Relationship


19. Jelić-Puskarić B, Ostojić-Kolonić S, Planinc-Peraica A, Obad-Kovacević D, Kardum-Skelin I, Jaksić B: Myeloid sarcoma involving the breast. Coll Antropol; 2010 Jun;34(2):641-4
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  • [Title] Myeloid sarcoma involving the breast.
  • Myeloid sarcoma is a tumor mass with extramedullary growth pattern, composed of myeloblasts or immature myeloid cells.
  • The development of myeloid sarcoma may precede or concur with acute or chronic myeloid leukemia (AML or CML) or other myeloproliferative diseases or myelodysplastic syndromes (MDS).
  • Isolated myeloid sarcoma of the breast is very rare.
  • Based on the morphology, cytochemical characteristics and immature cell immunophenotype, it was considered a case of acute myeloid leukemia without maturation.
  • In spite of intensive chemotherapy, the patient died within a year of diagnosis.
  • In cases of isolated breast myeloid sarcoma, the diagnosis can be missed if the possibility of myeloid sarcoma is not remembered on differential diagnosis of a breast neoplasm.
  • [MeSH-major] Breast Neoplasms / pathology. Sarcoma, Myeloid / pathology
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Anemia / etiology. Anemia / pathology. Biopsy, Fine-Needle. Bone Marrow / pathology. Fatal Outcome. Female. Humans. Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute / pathology. Leukocytosis / etiology. Leukocytosis / pathology. Recurrence. Thrombocytopenia / etiology. Thrombocytopenia / pathology


20. Skladanowski A, Bozko P, Sabisz M, Larsen AK: Dual inhibition of PI3K/Akt signaling and the DNA damage checkpoint in p53-deficient cells with strong survival signaling: implications for cancer therapy. Cell Cycle; 2007 Sep 15;6(18):2268-75
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  • [Title] Dual inhibition of PI3K/Akt signaling and the DNA damage checkpoint in p53-deficient cells with strong survival signaling: implications for cancer therapy.
  • Natural (intrinsic) resistance of many tumor types to DNA damaging agents is closely associated with their capacity to undergo robust cell cycle arrest in G(2)/M.
  • G(2) arrest is regulated by the DNA damage checkpoint and by survival signaling, with a potential role of PI3K/Akt in checkpoint function.
  • We compared the influence of UCN-01, which affects both the DNA damage checkpoint and PI3K/Akt-mediated survival signaling, with the PI3K inhibitors wortmannin and LY294002 in p53-deficient M1 acute myeloid leukemia cells treated with the DNA damaging agent cisplatin.
  • Unexpectedly, dual inhibition of both survival and checkpoint signaling by UCN-01, also increased the cytotoxicity of cisplatin, but to a lesser degree than wortmannin or LY294002.
  • Our results elucidate a novel function for PI3K/Akt as a survival factor during DNA damage-induced G(2) arrest and could have important pharmacological consequences for the application of response modulators in p53-deficient tumors with strong survival signaling.
  • [MeSH-major] Antineoplastic Agents / therapeutic use. DNA Damage / physiology. Phosphatidylinositol 3-Kinases / antagonists & inhibitors. Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-akt / antagonists & inhibitors. Signal Transduction / physiology. Tumor Suppressor Protein p53 / deficiency
  • [MeSH-minor] Animals. Cell Cycle / drug effects. Cell Cycle / physiology. Cell Line, Tumor. Cell Survival / drug effects. Cell Survival / genetics. Cell Survival / physiology. Mice. Neoplasms / drug therapy. Neoplasms / enzymology

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  • (PMID = 17890906.001).
  • [ISSN] 1551-4005
  • [Journal-full-title] Cell cycle (Georgetown, Tex.)
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Cell Cycle
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Comparative Study; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Antineoplastic Agents; 0 / Tumor Suppressor Protein p53; EC 2.7.1.- / Phosphatidylinositol 3-Kinases; EC 2.7.11.1 / Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-akt
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21. Dimicoli S, Fohlen-Walter A, Mansuy L, Buisine J, Grégoire MJ, Lecompte T, Bordigoni P, Jonveaux P, Lesesve JF: [Acute myeloblastic leukemia without maturation (AML-M1) with basophilic elements and associated with translocation t(6;9)]. Ann Biol Clin (Paris); 2003 May-Jun;61(3):352-7
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  • [Title] [Acute myeloblastic leukemia without maturation (AML-M1) with basophilic elements and associated with translocation t(6;9)].
  • [Transliterated title] Leucémie aiguë myéloblastique sans maturation (LAM1) avec éléments basophiles associée à la translocation t(6;9).
  • The clinical, hematological, and cytogenetic data from a 4 year-old child with acute myeloid (AML-M1) and basophilia is reported.
  • This abnormality is rare and associated with myelodysplastic syndromes or with subtypes of acute myeloid leukemia (M1, M2, M4, M7), usually with preceding or underlying myelodysplasia.
  • The prognosis is poor, without response to chemotherapy regimen alone.
  • Allogeneic bone marrow transplantation appears likely to be a more appropriate treatment.
  • [MeSH-major] Basophils. Chromosomes, Human, Pair 6 / genetics. Chromosomes, Human, Pair 9 / genetics. Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute / diagnosis. Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute / genetics. Translocation, Genetic / genetics

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  • (PMID = 12805015.001).
  • [ISSN] 0003-3898
  • [Journal-full-title] Annales de biologie clinique
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Ann. Biol. Clin. (Paris)
  • [Language] fre
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] France
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Hemoglobins
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22. Ressel A, Trümper L, Bäsecke J: [Occlusion of the femoral arteries in de novo AML]. Med Klin (Munich); 2007 May 15;102(5):388-92
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  • [Title] [Occlusion of the femoral arteries in de novo AML].
  • [Transliterated title] Femoralarterienverschluss bei De-novo-AML.
  • BACKGROUND: Leukemic emboli in acute (AML) and chronic myelocytic leukemia (CML) are associated with hyperleukocytosis (>100,000/microl leukocytes) and most frequently detected at autopsy.
  • CASE REPORT: A 53-year-old woman was admitted with hyperleukocytosis and acute pain in her right leg.
  • An occlusion of the right femoral arteries as the presenting symptom of a de novo AML (FAB M1/WHO: AML without maturation) with hyperleukocytosis was diagnosed.
  • CONCLUSION: Leukemic emboli of large vessels are uncommon in leukemia with hyperleukocytosis.
  • Leukemic emboli mainly occur in AML and CML in blast crisis and are rare in acute (ALL) and chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL).
  • Therapeutic options, apart from the immediate start of chemotherapy, are leukapheresis and embolectomy.
  • [MeSH-major] Arterial Occlusive Diseases / etiology. Femoral Artery. Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute / diagnosis. Neoplastic Cells, Circulating
  • [MeSH-minor] Angiography. Blood Coagulation Tests. Diagnosis, Differential. Female. Granulocyte Precursor Cells / pathology. Humans. Leukocyte Count. Leukocytosis / diagnosis. Leukocytosis / pathology. Middle Aged

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  • (PMID = 17497090.001).
  • [ISSN] 0723-5003
  • [Journal-full-title] Medizinische Klinik (Munich, Germany : 1983)
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Med. Klin. (Munich)
  • [Language] ger
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Germany
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23. Nakai K, Tajima K, Kishimoto Y, Katsura K, Kawamura M, Yamamoto Y, Hanada M, Zen K, Amakawa R, Fujimoto M, Fukuhara S: [Bone marrow transplantation-associated thrombotic microangiopathy manifested by visual disturbance]. Rinsho Ketsueki; 2000 Jan;41(1):25-31
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  • In October 1996, a 26-year-old woman was given a diagnosis of acute myeloblastic leukemia, FAB subtype M1.
  • Treatment with combined chemotherapy achieved a complete remission (CR).
  • Successful engraftment was obtained and signs of acute or chronic GVHD never developed.
  • The patient also exhibited hemolytic anemia with red cell fragmentation, thrombocytopenia, elevated lactate dehydrogenase, and renal impairment, and was thus given a diagnosis of BMT-associated thrombotic microangiopathy (BMT-TM).
  • Single-photon-emission computed tomography revealed blood-flow disturbances in the brain, suggesting the recurrence of microthrombosis.
  • Currently, early diagnosis of BMT-TM is considered to be difficult.
  • We suggest that careful examination of the ocular base may be useful for the early detection of BMT-TM.
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Aspirin / therapeutic use. Dipyridamole / therapeutic use. Female. Humans. Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute / therapy. Microcirculation. Plasma. Prednisolone / therapeutic use. Recurrence. Treatment Outcome


24. Nørgaard JM, Olesen LH, Olesen G, Meyer K, Kristensen JS, Bendix K, Pedersen B, Kjeldsen E, Hokland P: FAB M4 and high CD14 surface expression is associated with high cellular resistance to Ara-C and daunorubicin: implications for clinical outcome in acute myeloid leukaemia. Eur J Haematol; 2001 Oct;67(4):221-9
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  • [Title] FAB M4 and high CD14 surface expression is associated with high cellular resistance to Ara-C and daunorubicin: implications for clinical outcome in acute myeloid leukaemia.
  • In 145 adult patients diagnosed with non-M3 acute myeloid leukaemia (AML) the relevance of FAB-subtype and immunophenotype to in vitro cellular drug resistance towards the anthracyclines aclarubicin (Acla) and daunorubicin (Dau), and the nucleoside analogue cytarabine (Ara-C), as well as other antileukaemic drugs, was investigated using a 4-d MTT (3-[4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl]-2,5-diphenyl tetrazolium bromide) assay.
  • FAB subtypes with highest and lowest cellular Ara-C resistance were M4 and M5, respectively (P < 0.01, one-way anova), whereas FAB subtypes with highest and lowest cellular Dau resistance were M4 and M1, respectively (P < 0.01, one-way anova).
  • By contrast, no significant differences in cellular drug resistance towards Acla could be demonstrated among FAB subtypes.
  • Furthermore, in two cohorts of AML patients treated by two different regimens for remission induction over a period of 15 yr (1985-94, n = 159 and 1995-99, n = 76, respectively) we demonstrate in univariate analyses a significance of CD14 expression with respect to clinical outcome.
  • It was demonstrated that FAB-M4 patients were older than M5 patients and that high CD14 expression was associated with the presence of secondary AML and older age.
  • We conclude that although cases with high blast cell CD14 expression (and FAB-M4 cases) were more resistant to Ara-C as well as Dau in vitro, the clinical and biological significance of this may be debatable because of interactions with major prognostic factors in AML.
  • [MeSH-major] Antigens, CD14 / analysis. Antigens, Neoplasm / analysis. Cytarabine / pharmacology. Daunorubicin / pharmacology. Drug Resistance, Multiple. Drug Resistance, Neoplasm. Leukemia, Myelomonocytic, Acute / drug therapy. Neoplastic Stem Cells / chemistry
  • [MeSH-minor] Aclarubicin / administration & dosage. Aclarubicin / pharmacology. Acute Disease. Adolescent. Adult. Aged. Aged, 80 and over. Amsacrine / administration & dosage. Amsacrine / pharmacology. Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols / therapeutic use. Chromosome Aberrations. Cohort Studies. Doxorubicin / administration & dosage. Doxorubicin / pharmacology. Etoposide / administration & dosage. Etoposide / pharmacology. Female. Humans. Idarubicin / administration & dosage. Idarubicin / pharmacology. Leukemia, Myeloid / classification. Leukemia, Myeloid / drug therapy. Leukemia, Myeloid / genetics. Leukemia, Myeloid / mortality. Leukemia, Myeloid / pathology. Male. Middle Aged. Mitoxantrone / administration & dosage. Mitoxantrone / pharmacology. Multivariate Analysis. Thioguanine / administration & dosage. Thioguanine / pharmacology. Treatment Outcome

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  • (PMID = 11860442.001).
  • [ISSN] 0902-4441
  • [Journal-full-title] European journal of haematology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Eur. J. Haematol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Comparative Study; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] Denmark
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Antigens, CD14; 0 / Antigens, Neoplasm; 00DPD30SOY / Amsacrine; 04079A1RDZ / Cytarabine; 6PLQ3CP4P3 / Etoposide; 74KXF8I502 / Aclarubicin; 80168379AG / Doxorubicin; BZ114NVM5P / Mitoxantrone; FTK8U1GZNX / Thioguanine; ZRP63D75JW / Idarubicin; ZS7284E0ZP / Daunorubicin
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25. Tóthová E, Stecová N, Kafková A, Fricová M, Guman T, Elbertová A: [Relation between Bcl-2 protein expression and results of therapy in patients with acute myeloblastic leukemia]. Vnitr Lek; 2004 Feb;50(2):139-42
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  • [Title] [Relation between Bcl-2 protein expression and results of therapy in patients with acute myeloblastic leukemia].
  • Flow cytometric expression of Bcl-2 protein was analyzed in 67 newly diagnosed acute myeloblastic leukemia (AML) patients using an anti-Bcl-2 monoclonal antibody by direct immunofluorescence technique and result were correlated with FAB subtype, CD34 expression and clinical outcome.
  • The percentage of Bcl-2+ cells was higher in M0 and M1 types according French-American-British classification.
  • The mean fluorescence index (MFI), expressed as the ratio of sample channel: control mean channel was significantly higher (p < 0.01) in M0 (19.0) and M1 (17.6) than M4 (11.7) and M5 (8.9) cytotypes.
  • High percentage expression of Bcl-2 and MFI index of Bcl 2 was associated with a low complete remission rate after intensive chemotherapy (40.4% in cases with 20% and more positive cells vs 72% in cases with less than 20% positive cells).
  • By statistical analysis we also demonstrated that both Bcl-2 high MFI (> 16) and CD34 expression are independent prognostic factors for achieving CR in AML.
  • [MeSH-major] Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute / therapy. Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-bcl-2 / analysis
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Aged. Antigens, CD34 / analysis. Female. Fluorescent Antibody Technique, Direct. Humans. Male. Middle Aged. Remission Induction. Treatment Outcome

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  • (PMID = 15077589.001).
  • [ISSN] 0042-773X
  • [Journal-full-title] Vnitr̆ní lékar̆ství
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Vnitr Lek
  • [Language] slo
  • [Publication-type] English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Czech Republic
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Antigens, CD34; 0 / Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-bcl-2
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26. Laatiri MA, Chehata S, Amouri A, Bouaouina N, Chatti S, Saad A, Ennabli S: [Childhood acute myeloblastic leukemias. Report of 21 cases]. Tunis Med; 2000 Mar;78(3):167-71
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  • [Title] [Childhood acute myeloblastic leukemias. Report of 21 cases].
  • [Transliterated title] Leucémies aiguës myéloblastiques de l'enfant. A propos de 21 cas.
  • Between 1989 and 1996, 21 cases with acute non lymphoblastic leukemia (11 males and 10 females) were diagnosed in our institution.
  • According to the French-American-British (FAB) criteria, 7 cases were classified M1, 10 cases were classified M2, 1 classified M4Eo and 3 classified M5.
  • The 3-year survival rate was 20% and the relapse-free-survival rate was 12% confirming the worse prognosis of this leukemia when treated with standard chemotherapy.
  • [MeSH-major] Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols / therapeutic use. Leukemia, Monocytic, Acute / diagnosis. Leukemia, Monocytic, Acute / drug therapy. Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute / diagnosis. Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute / drug therapy. Leukemia, Myelomonocytic, Acute / diagnosis. Leukemia, Myelomonocytic, Acute / drug therapy

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  • (PMID = 11026819.001).
  • [ISSN] 0041-4131
  • [Journal-full-title] La Tunisie médicale
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Tunis Med
  • [Language] fre
  • [Publication-type] English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] TUNISIA
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Antibiotics, Antineoplastic; 0 / Antimetabolites, Antineoplastic; 04079A1RDZ / Cytarabine; ZS7284E0ZP / Daunorubicin
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27. Aoyama Y, Yamane T, Kanashima H, Takeoka Y, Koh K, Nakao Y, Yamamura R, Nakamae H, Ohta K, Inoue T, Hino M, Tatsumi N: [CD13- and CD33-negative acute myelocytic leukemia (FAB classification; M2) with morphological changes and CD13 expression on recurrence]. Rinsho Ketsueki; 2001 Apr;42(4):314-20
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  • [Title] [CD13- and CD33-negative acute myelocytic leukemia (FAB classification; M2) with morphological changes and CD13 expression on recurrence].
  • A 42-year-old man was diagnosed as having acute myelocytic leukemia in July 1998.
  • The leukemic cells tended to be differentiated, and on the basis of positive peroxidase staining, this case was considered to be AML (M2) according to the FAB classification. t(8;21)(q22;q22) chromosomal abnormality was observed, but surface antigen analysis revealed no expression of either CD13 or CD33, a finding characteristic of myelocytic leukemia.
  • Combination chemotherapy resulted in complete remission, and allogeneic bone marrow transplantation was performed with donor cells from the patient's sister.
  • Unfortunately, however, the patient died about 18 months after the onset of leukemia.
  • Comparison of the findings at recurrence with those at initial diagnosis revealed morphological changes in non-differentiated immature cells (AML-M1) and CD13 surface antigen expression.
  • This was considered to be a rare case of AML with neither CD13 nor CD33 expression at onset, but with CD13 expression at recurrence.
  • [MeSH-major] Antigens, CD / immunology. Antigens, CD13 / immunology. Antigens, Differentiation, Myelomonocytic / immunology. Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute / immunology. Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute / pathology

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  • (PMID = 11400303.001).
  • [ISSN] 0485-1439
  • [Journal-full-title] [Rinshō ketsueki] The Japanese journal of clinical hematology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Rinsho Ketsueki
  • [Language] jpn
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Japan
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Antigens, CD; 0 / Antigens, Differentiation, Myelomonocytic; 0 / CD33 protein, human; 0 / Sialic Acid Binding Ig-like Lectin 3; EC 3.4.11.2 / Antigens, CD13
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28. Murohashi I, Yoshida K, Kishimoto K, Takahashi T, Wakao D, Jinnai I, Yagasaki F, Kawai N, Suzuki T, Matsuda A, Hirashima K, Bessho M: Differential response to stem cell factor and Flt3 ligand by the FAB subtype in acute myeloid leukemia clonogenic cells. J Interferon Cytokine Res; 2002 Mar;22(3):335-41
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  • [Title] Differential response to stem cell factor and Flt3 ligand by the FAB subtype in acute myeloid leukemia clonogenic cells.
  • Proliferative response of blast clonogenic cells to various hematopoietic growth factors (HGF), including stem cell factor (SCF) and flt3 ligand (FL) was investigated in 100 patients with acute myeloid leukemia (AML) and chronic myelogenous leukemia (CML) in myeloid crisis (MC).
  • The frequency of spontaneous colony formation was significantly high in CML in MC (55%) and AML French-American-British (FAB) subtype M4 (48%) compared with M2 (16%).
  • No spontaneous colony was formed in any of the patients with M1 and M3.
  • The frequency of proliferative response to various HGF alone and in combination according to FAB subtype and CML in MC was as follows: that to granulocyte colony-stimulating factor (G-CSF) was lowest in M1 and CML in MC (50%) compared with other FAB subtypes (>or=86%), that to granulocyte-macrophage CSF (GM-CSF) was lowest in CML in MC (44%) compared with FAB subtypes (>or=74%), and that to interleukin-3 (IL-3) was lowest in CML in MC (30%) compared with FAB subtypes (>or=78%).
  • The frequency of proliferative response to both SCF and FL increased in the order of M1 (33%), M2 (63%), M4-5 (95%), and M6 (100%).
  • M1 and M2 were intermediate between CML in MC and M4-6.
  • The relation between in vitro growth pattern of blast clonogenic cells and prognosis in AML FAB subtype and CML in MC is discussed.
  • [MeSH-major] Leukemia, Myeloid / drug therapy. Leukemia, Myelomonocytic, Acute / drug therapy. Membrane Proteins / pharmacology. Stem Cell Factor / pharmacology
  • [MeSH-minor] Acute Disease. Blast Crisis / drug therapy. Blast Crisis / pathology. Cell Division / drug effects. Clone Cells. Granulocyte Colony-Stimulating Factor / pharmacology. Granulocyte-Macrophage Colony-Stimulating Factor / pharmacology. Humans. Interleukin-3 / pharmacology. Leukemia, Myelogenous, Chronic, BCR-ABL Positive / drug therapy. Leukemia, Myelogenous, Chronic, BCR-ABL Positive / pathology. Recombinant Proteins / pharmacology. Retrospective Studies. Tumor Cells, Cultured. Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha / pharmacology

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  • (PMID = 12034041.001).
  • [ISSN] 1079-9907
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of interferon & cytokine research : the official journal of the International Society for Interferon and Cytokine Research
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Interferon Cytokine Res.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Comparative Study; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Interleukin-3; 0 / Membrane Proteins; 0 / Recombinant Proteins; 0 / Stem Cell Factor; 0 / Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha; 0 / flt3 ligand protein; 143011-72-7 / Granulocyte Colony-Stimulating Factor; 83869-56-1 / Granulocyte-Macrophage Colony-Stimulating Factor
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29. Nishikawa M, Yamamoto M, Watanabe Y, Kita K, Shiku H: Clinical significance of low protein phosphatase-1 activity of blasts in acute myelogenous leukemia with high white cell counts. Int J Oncol; 2001 Mar;18(3):559-65
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  • [Title] Clinical significance of low protein phosphatase-1 activity of blasts in acute myelogenous leukemia with high white cell counts.
  • To determine the clinical importance of PP1 expression, we compared PP1 activity of leukemic blasts with other putative prognostic factors in 46 patients with acute myelogenous leukemia (AML) who were treated with remission induction chemotherapy.
  • PP1 was ubiquitously but differently expressed in various FAB subtypes (M1-M5), although PP1 activity was significantly higher in blasts of AML-M4 than in AML-M2.
  • PP1 activity was significantly lower in elderly patients > or =55 years (P=0.005), and in those with high white cell counts > or =100,000/microl (P=0.039) at initial diagnosis.
  • Correlation was observed between PP1 activity (<0.15 vs > or =0.15 nmol/min/10(8) cells) and prognosis of AML patients.
  • The median overall survival was 8 months for patients with low PP1 activity compared to 27 months for those with high PP1 activity in their AML cells.
  • This preliminary study suggests that low PP1 activity may be associated with shortened survival time for AML patients with high white cell counts.
  • [MeSH-major] Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute / enzymology. Leukocytosis / enzymology. Phosphoprotein Phosphatases / metabolism
  • [MeSH-minor] Antigens, CD34 / metabolism. Antineoplastic Agents / therapeutic use. Cytosol / physiology. Female. Humans. Leukocyte Count. Male. Middle Aged. Prognosis. Protein Phosphatase 1. Remission Induction. Survival Analysis. Treatment Outcome

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  • (PMID = 11179487.001).
  • [ISSN] 1019-6439
  • [Journal-full-title] International journal of oncology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Int. J. Oncol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Comparative Study; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] Greece
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Antigens, CD34; 0 / Antineoplastic Agents; EC 3.1.3.16 / Phosphoprotein Phosphatases; EC 3.1.3.16 / Protein Phosphatase 1
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30. Yamada S, Hongo T, Okada S, Watanabe C, Fujii Y, Ohzeki T: Clinical relevance of in vitro chemoresistance in childhood acute myeloid leukemia. Leukemia; 2001 Dec;15(12):1892-7
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  • [Title] Clinical relevance of in vitro chemoresistance in childhood acute myeloid leukemia.
  • To determine the clinical relevance of in vitro drug chemoresistance in childhood acute myeloid leukemia, we used an MTT assay to test leukemic cells from 132 newly diagnosed children.
  • Patients were diagnosed according to the French-American-British (FAB) classification as follows: M0 (n = 12), M1 (n = 16), M2 (n = 53), M4 (n = 17), M5 (n = 19) and M7 (n = 15).
  • The results revealed that, compared to leukemic cells from complete-responders (n = 107), those from non-responders who failed induction therapy (n = 17) were 1.4 to 5.0 times more resistant in vitro to cytarabine (P = 0.005), melphalan (P = 0.003), etoposide (P = 0.011), L-asparaginase (P = 0.017), aclarubicin (P = 0.026) and dexamethasone (P = 0.039).
  • For seven other drugs tested, the median lethal dose of 70% and leukemic cell survival of non-responders were higher than those of complete-responders, but the difference was not statistically significant.
  • We sought correlations between FAB subtypes and in vitro drug resistance.
  • Leukemias of the FAB M4 and M5 subtype were more sensitive to L-asparaginase (P = 0.01, P = 0.0036) than those of the FAB M2 subtype.
  • FAB M5 leukemia was more sensitive to etoposide than were the FAB M2, M4 and M7 subtypes (P = 0.001, P = 0.034, P = 0.023, respectively).
  • By contrast, FAB M5 leukemia was significantly more resistant to prednisolone and dexamethasone than were the FAB M0, M1, M2, M4 and M7 subtypes.
  • We sought correlations between in vitro drug resistance and long-term clinical outcome, but found no associations in this case.
  • These results suggest that in vitro resistance to cytarabine, melphalan, etoposide, L-asparaginase, aclarubicin and dexamethasone might represent factors that can predict response to the early course of therapy.
  • Selecting an appropriate anti-cancer drug according to the FAB classification together with drug sensitivity testing may contribute to improved prognoses in childhood acute myeloid leukemia.
  • [MeSH-major] Drug Resistance, Neoplasm. Leukemia, Myeloid / drug therapy
  • [MeSH-minor] Acute Disease. Adolescent. Antineoplastic Agents / pharmacology. Cell Survival / drug effects. Child. Child, Preschool. Female. Humans. Infant. Male. Prognosis. Remission Induction. Time Factors. Treatment Outcome


31. McGrattan P, Alexander HD, Humphreys MW, Kettle PJ: Tetrasomy 13 as the sole cytogenetic abnormality in acute myeloid leukemia M1 without maturation. Cancer Genet Cytogenet; 2002 Jun;135(2):192-5
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  • [Title] Tetrasomy 13 as the sole cytogenetic abnormality in acute myeloid leukemia M1 without maturation.
  • We report a case of acute myeloid leukemia (AML) M1 showing a 48,XY,+13,+13 karyotype.
  • Treatment was according to the Medical Research Council AML14 trial protocol with two courses of DAT chemotherapy.
  • Tetrasomy 13 as the sole cytogenetic abnormality has not been reported previously in M1 AML and has only been reported in three other AML cases, all with an immature phenotype and poor outcome.
  • [MeSH-major] Aneuploidy. Chromosomes, Human, Pair 13. Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute / genetics
  • [MeSH-minor] Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols / administration & dosage. Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols / therapeutic use. Cytarabine / administration & dosage. Daunorubicin / administration & dosage. Drug Resistance, Neoplasm. Fatal Outcome. Granulocyte Colony-Stimulating Factor / administration & dosage. Humans. Male. Middle Aged. Thioguanine / administration & dosage. Vidarabine / administration & dosage. Vidarabine / analogs & derivatives

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  • (PMID = 12127406.001).
  • [ISSN] 0165-4608
  • [Journal-full-title] Cancer genetics and cytogenetics
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Cancer Genet. Cytogenet.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 04079A1RDZ / Cytarabine; 143011-72-7 / Granulocyte Colony-Stimulating Factor; FA2DM6879K / Vidarabine; FTK8U1GZNX / Thioguanine; ZS7284E0ZP / Daunorubicin; DAT protocol 1; FLAG protocol
  • [Number-of-references] 10
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32. Øyan AM, Bø TH, Jonassen I, Gjertsen BT, Bruserud Ø, Kalland KH: cDNA microarray analysis of non-selected cases of acute myeloid leukemia demonstrates distinct clustering independent of cytogenetic aberrations and consistent with morphological signs of differentiation. Int J Oncol; 2006 May;28(5):1065-80
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  • [Title] cDNA microarray analysis of non-selected cases of acute myeloid leukemia demonstrates distinct clustering independent of cytogenetic aberrations and consistent with morphological signs of differentiation.
  • Acute myeloid leukemia (AML) is a heterogeneous disease with respect to biology and clinical course.
  • Until now the basis for prognostic evaluation and therapeutic decision has been the karyotype, genetic FLT3 abnormalities and the initial chemotherapy response.
  • In an attempt to address this question, we performed cDNA microarray analysis on peripheral blood samples of 25 patients with newly diagnosed AML with high blast counts.
  • Leave-one-out crossvalidation (LOOCV) showed with high accuracy that gene expression classifiers could predict if leukaemia samples belonged to the FAB AML-M1 or to the FAB AML-M2 groups.
  • Except for an accumulation of samples classified as FAB M1 and M2 in cluster 3, there was no evident relationship between the clusters and the FAB classification.
  • Each subgroup displayed clearly distinguished gene expression patterns validated using real-time quantitative PCR analysis.
  • [MeSH-major] Chromosome Aberrations. Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute / genetics. Oligonucleotide Array Sequence Analysis


33. Lemez P, Vítek A, Michalová K, Zemanová Z, Lukásová M: [Long-term results of the UHKT-911 study of adult patients under 65 years of age with de novo acute myeloid leukemias without favorable karyotypes]. Vnitr Lek; 2003 Mar;49(3):174-80
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  • [Title] [Long-term results of the UHKT-911 study of adult patients under 65 years of age with de novo acute myeloid leukemias without favorable karyotypes].
  • [Transliterated title] Dlouhodobé výsledky lécby dospĕlých nemocných do 65 let s de novo akutními myeloidními leukémiemi bez príznivých karyotypů ve studii UHKT-911.
  • Between February 1991 and April 1994 induction chemotherapy of 32 adult consecutive patients under 65 years with de novo acute myeloid leukemias (AML) was started in the study UHKT-911.
  • Their AML were classified according to the FAB classification: 3 M0, 3 M1, 9 M2, 14 M4, 3 M5.
  • Induction chemotherapy consisted of 1-2 cycles with 3-4 doses of daunorubicin (DNR) 45 mg/m2/d i.v. and 14 doses of cytosine arabinoside (Ara-C) 200 mg/m2 per 3-h infusion every 12 hours.
  • After the treatment patients, not being in complete remission, got the HD cycle with 10 high-doses of Ara-C 2000 mg/m2 per 3-h infusion every 12 hours i.v. and DNR 45 mg/m2/d i.v. on days 4 and 5, then the EMi cycle composed of etoposide 100 mg/m2/d i.v. for 5 days and mitozantrone 10-12 mg/m2/d i.v. on days 1, 3 and 5.
  • Five patients died between days 5 and 24 of treatment of infections, two patients were resistant to 4 cycles of induction therapy and survived 8.4 and 13.5 months.
  • Two of them have been living in CR for 115 a 110 months since diagnosis, the third died of sepsis on the day 52 after transplantation.
  • After 62 months in CR a pancytopenia with dysplastic bone marrow changes developed in one of them, probably a secondary myelodysplastic syndrome, lasting for further 33 months.
  • [MeSH-major] Chromosome Aberrations. Leukemia, Myeloid / drug therapy
  • [MeSH-minor] Acute Disease. Adolescent. Adult. Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols / therapeutic use. Disease-Free Survival. Female. Follow-Up Studies. Humans. Male. Middle Aged. Remission Induction. Survival Rate

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  • (PMID = 12728590.001).
  • [ISSN] 0042-773X
  • [Journal-full-title] Vnitr̆ní lékar̆ství
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Vnitr Lek
  • [Language] cze
  • [Publication-type] English Abstract; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] Czech Republic
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34. Hiçsönmez G, Cetin M, Okur H, Erdemli E, Gürgey A: The potential effect of short-course high-dose steroid on the maturation and apoptosis of leukemic cells in a child with acute megakaryoblastic leukemia. Leuk Lymphoma; 2003 Jun;44(6):1037-42
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] The potential effect of short-course high-dose steroid on the maturation and apoptosis of leukemic cells in a child with acute megakaryoblastic leukemia.
  • High-dose methylprednisolone (HDMP) treatment has been shown to induce differentiation of myeloid leukemic cells in children with acute promyelocytic leukemia and other subtypes (FAB AML M1-M2-M4) of acute myeloblastic leukemia.
  • In the present study, a child with acute megakaryoblastic leukemia (AMKL) was given HDMP (30 mg/kg/day) orally in a single dose for the first 4 days of induction therapy.
  • A marked decrease in peripheral blood blast cells and an increase in platelet count associated with a striking change in bone marrow (BM) morphology was observed following a short-course of HDMP treatment alone.
  • BM cells developed distinct morphology characterized by cytoplasmic blebbing and some appeared as platelet producing micromegakaryocytes.
  • Flow cytometric analysis of the BM cells 4 days after HDMP treatment demonstrated a decrease in the percentage of cells co-expressing CD34 and CD117 antigens and a marked increase in CD42a antigen.
  • These changes in BM morphology and immunophenotype may suggest maturation effect of HDMP on megakaryocytic leukemic cells.
  • This was coincident with a significant increase in the percentage of annexin positive cells.
  • These results suggest that HDMP treatment may induce differentiation and apoptosis of leukemic cells in a child with AMKL and it could be a promising agent for remission induction of patients with AMKL.
  • [MeSH-major] Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols / therapeutic use. Apoptosis / drug effects. Leukemia, Megakaryoblastic, Acute / drug therapy. Leukemia, Megakaryoblastic, Acute / pathology. Methylprednisolone / therapeutic use
  • [MeSH-minor] Bone Marrow Cells / drug effects. Bone Marrow Cells / pathology. Child, Preschool. Cytarabine / administration & dosage. Flow Cytometry. Humans. Male. Mitoxantrone / administration & dosage. Time Factors. Treatment Outcome

  • Genetic Alliance. consumer health - Acute Megakaryoblastic Leukemia.
  • Hazardous Substances Data Bank. CYTARABINE .
  • Hazardous Substances Data Bank. NOVANTRONE .
  • Hazardous Substances Data Bank. METHYLPREDNISOLONE .
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  • (PMID = 12854906.001).
  • [ISSN] 1042-8194
  • [Journal-full-title] Leukemia & lymphoma
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Leuk. Lymphoma
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 04079A1RDZ / Cytarabine; BZ114NVM5P / Mitoxantrone; X4W7ZR7023 / Methylprednisolone
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