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1. Levine AM: Challenges in the management of Burkitt's lymphoma. Clin Lymphoma; 2002 Dec;3 Suppl 1:S19-25
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Challenges in the management of Burkitt's lymphoma.
  • Burkitt's lymphoma and small noncleaved Burkitt's-like lymphoma are rare and are highly aggressive forms of non-Hodgkin's lymphoma that are characterized by dysregulation of the c-myc oncogene.
  • Treatment options for Burkitt's lymphoma involve complex chemotherapy regimens that contain as many as 10 cytotoxic agents.
  • Approximately 50%-80% of adult patients with Burkitt's lymphoma or small, noncleaved lymphoma can be cured with these intensive chemotherapy regimens, and in pediatric populations, the cure rate is even higher.
  • However, a number of factors often compromise the outcome of patients with Burkitt's lymphoma.
  • For instance, the high proliferation rate of Burkitt's lymphoma enhances the risk for tumor lysis syndrome, which results from metabolic imbalances, such as hyperuricemia, that occur as large numbers of malignant cells are lysed during cytotoxic chemotherapy.
  • The lifetime risk of developing central nervous system disease is 20%-30% for Burkitt's lymphoma.
  • Consequently all chemotherapy regimens with activity in Burkitt's lymphoma utilize some form of central nervous system prophylaxis, such as systemic or intrathecal methotrexate or cytarabine.
  • In the past, patients with HIV who developed Burkitt's lymphoma often received inadequate chemotherapy doses because of their immunosuppression.
  • With the discovery of highly active antiretroviral therapy, the ability to treat and control Burkitt's lymphoma in patients with HIV has improved.
  • [MeSH-major] Burkitt Lymphoma / therapy

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  • (PMID = 12521385.001).
  • [ISSN] 1526-9655
  • [Journal-full-title] Clinical lymphoma
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Clin Lymphoma
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Enzyme Inhibitors; 04079A1RDZ / Cytarabine; 11056-06-7 / Bleomycin; 5J49Q6B70F / Vincristine; 63CZ7GJN5I / Allopurinol; 6PLQ3CP4P3 / Etoposide; 7S5I7G3JQL / Dexamethasone; 80168379AG / Doxorubicin; 8N3DW7272P / Cyclophosphamide; EC 1.7.3.3 / Urate Oxidase; EC 1.7.3.3. / rasburicase; Q573I9DVLP / Leucovorin; UM20QQM95Y / Ifosfamide; YL5FZ2Y5U1 / Methotrexate; ANAVACYM protocol; IVAC protocol; M-BACOD protocol
  • [Number-of-references] 31
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2. Corn BW: Advances in the combination of radiation therapy and chemotherapy against cancer. Drug News Perspect; 2004 Dec;17(10):705-12
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • The meeting was devoted to the presentation of advances in management of malignant diseases with radiation modalities.
  • The educational elements of this program are targeted at oncologists of all disciplines (i.e., surgical oncologists, medical oncologists, radiation oncologists), physicists, biologists, nurses, therapists and all health care workers who are involved in the treatment of patients with malignant diseases.
  • Specific clinical areas included gastrointestinal, breast, head and neck, central nervous system, pelvic and lung cancers.
  • Data on lymphomas (Hodgkin's disease and non-Hodgkin's lymphoma) were also presented.

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  • (PMID = 15696234.001).
  • [ISSN] 0214-0934
  • [Journal-full-title] Drug news & perspectives
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Drug News Perspect.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Spain
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3. Oertel SH, Riess H: Immunosurveillance, immunodeficiency and lymphoproliferations. Recent Results Cancer Res; 2002;159:1-8
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • The incidence of malignant lymphomas is significantly higher in patients who have congenital or acquired immunodeficiencies.
  • Although there are some differences between these immunodeficiency-associated lymphoproliferative disorders (IALD), they share several features: a tendency to present in extranodal sites, particularly the central nervous system and gastrointestinal tract, rapid clinical progression when untreated, diffuse large cell histology, B-cell origin and association with the Epstein-Barr virus (EBV).
  • Recent studies identified three categories: plasmacytic hyperplasia, polymorphic lymphoproliferation and B-cell non-Hodgkin's lymphoma (NHL).
  • The precise risk of lymphoma development in HIV infection is not defined, but estimates suggest a prevalence of 3-4%.
  • HIV-related NHLs are divisible by site of manifestation into systemic, primary central nervous system and body-cavity lymphomas, and by pathology into Burkitt's and Burkitt's-like lymphoma, and diffuse large cell lymphoma (DLCL).
  • Recent experiences suggest a link between therapy with immunosuppressive drugs (methotrexate, azathioprine, cyclophospamide, etc.) and development of IALD, best supported by the increased rate of IALD in patients with rheumatoid arthritis who receive methotrexate therapy.

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  • (PMID = 11785833.001).
  • [ISSN] 0080-0015
  • [Journal-full-title] Recent results in cancer research. Fortschritte der Krebsforschung. Progrès dans les recherches sur le cancer
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Recent Results Cancer Res.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] Germany
  • [Number-of-references] 24
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4. Fernandez HF, Tran HT, Albrecht F, Lennon S, Caldera H, Goodman MS: Evaluation of safety and pharmacokinetics of administering intravenous busulfan in a twice-daily or daily schedule to patients with advanced hematologic malignant disease undergoing stem cell transplantation. Biol Blood Marrow Transplant; 2002;8(9):486-92
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Evaluation of safety and pharmacokinetics of administering intravenous busulfan in a twice-daily or daily schedule to patients with advanced hematologic malignant disease undergoing stem cell transplantation.
  • Twelve patients with hematologic malignant disease were treated; 7 patients had non-Hodgkin's lymphoma, 4 patients had acute myeloid leukemia, and 1 patient had chronic myelogenous leukemia.
  • GVHD prophylaxis consisted of tacrolimus plus methotrexate for recipients of allogeneic stem cells.
  • Significant regimen-related toxicity (grade III-IV) was limited to hepatic toxicity (2 cases) catheter infection (2 cases), epistaxis (3 cases), diarrhea (1 case), anorexia (1 case), mucositis (1 case), hyperglycemia (1 case), pneumonia (1 case), and sepsis (1).
  • No central nervous system or pulmonary toxicity was noted.
  • No accumulation of the drug was noted.
  • [MeSH-major] Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols / administration & dosage. Busulfan / pharmacokinetics. Busulfan / toxicity. Hematologic Neoplasms / drug therapy. Peripheral Blood Stem Cell Transplantation / methods
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Aged. Cyclophosphamide / administration & dosage. Drug Administration Schedule. Drug-Related Side Effects and Adverse Reactions. Humans. Infusions, Intravenous. Middle Aged. Transplantation Conditioning / adverse effects. Transplantation, Autologous. Transplantation, Homologous. Treatment Outcome

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  • [CommentIn] Biol Blood Marrow Transplant. 2002;8(9):465-7 [12374450.001]
  • (PMID = 12374453.001).
  • [ISSN] 1083-8791
  • [Journal-full-title] Biology of blood and marrow transplantation : journal of the American Society for Blood and Marrow Transplantation
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Biol. Blood Marrow Transplant.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Clinical Trial; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 8N3DW7272P / Cyclophosphamide; G1LN9045DK / Busulfan; BUCY-2 protocol
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5. Gow KW, Lensing S, Hill DA, Krasin MJ, McCarville MB, Rai SN, Zacher M, Spunt SL, Strickland DK, Hudson MM: Thyroid carcinoma presenting in childhood or after treatment of childhood malignancies: An institutional experience and review of the literature. J Pediatr Surg; 2003 Nov;38(11):1574-80
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • METHODS: The authors reviewed the medical records of 8 children with PTM and 17 children with STM referred to St Jude Children's Research Hospital between February 1962 and February 2002 for evaluation and treatment of malignant thyroid carcinoma.
  • All 8 patients remain alive a median of 22.6 years after diagnosis (range, 0.7 to 30.5 years); 1 continues to receive radioactive iodine (I 131) ablation for persistent disease.
  • Seventeen patients had thyroid carcinoma as a second malignant neoplasm after treatment for acute lymphoblastic leukemia (n = 6), Hodgkin's disease (n = 5), central nervous system tumor (n = 2), Wilms' tumor (n = 1), retinoblastoma (n = 1), non-Hodgkin's lymphoma (n = 1), or neuroblastoma (n = 1).
  • Patients with secondary thyroid carcinoma presented at a median age of 21.5 years (range, 15.3 to 42.6 years), a median of 16.2 years (range, 0.9 to 29.2 years) after diagnosis of the primary cancer.
  • Given the limited period of follow-up of our cohort of secondary malignant thyroid tumors that arise after childhood cancer, these lesions appear to have similar presentations and outcomes when compared with primary carcinomas and can therefore be managed in the same manner.
  • [MeSH-minor] Adolescent. Adult. Child. Cohort Studies. Combined Modality Therapy. Female. Humans. Iodine Radioisotopes / therapeutic use. Lung Neoplasms / secondary. Lymphatic Metastasis. Male. Neoplasms / drug therapy. Neoplasms / radiotherapy. Neoplasms, Radiation-Induced / epidemiology. Retrospective Studies. Tennessee / epidemiology. Thyroidectomy. Treatment Outcome

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  • (PMID = 14614703.001).
  • [ISSN] 1531-5037
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of pediatric surgery
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Pediatr. Surg.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Grant] United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / CA 21765
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.; Review
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Iodine Radioisotopes
  • [Number-of-references] 49
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6. Agarwal PA, Menon S, Smruti BK, Singhal BS: Primary central nervous system lymphoma: a profile of 26 cases from Western India. Neurol India; 2009 Nov-Dec;57(6):756-63
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  • [Title] Primary central nervous system lymphoma: a profile of 26 cases from Western India.
  • BACKGROUND: Primary central nervous system (CNS) lymphoma (PCNSL) is a rare malignant non-Hodgkin's lymphoma and it accounts for 1% of all intracranial tumors.
  • AIMS: This study attempts to further delineate the clinical, radiological and pathological profile of PCNSL in India, to evaluate response to treatment and to assess usefulness of the International Extranodal Lymphoma Study Group (IELSG) score.
  • Median age at diagnosis was 59 years.
  • Steroids should ideally be withheld until biopsy as they may confound the diagnosis.
  • [MeSH-major] Central Nervous System Neoplasms. Lymphoma
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Aged. Aged, 80 and over. Antigens, CD / metabolism. Antiretroviral Therapy, Highly Active / methods. Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay / methods. Female. HIV Seropositivity / drug therapy. Humans. India / epidemiology. L-Lactate Dehydrogenase / blood. Magnetic Resonance Imaging / methods. Male. Mental Status Schedule. Middle Aged. Retrospective Studies. Treatment Outcome


7. Cheung TW: AIDS-related cancer in the era of highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART): a model of the interplay of the immune system, virus, and cancer. "On the offensive--the Trojan Horse is being destroyed"--Part B: Malignant lymphoma. Cancer Invest; 2004;22(5):787-98
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] AIDS-related cancer in the era of highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART): a model of the interplay of the immune system, virus, and cancer. "On the offensive--the Trojan Horse is being destroyed"--Part B: Malignant lymphoma.
  • The impact of highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) on the incidence of non-Hodgkin's lymphoma was less obvious initially, although primary central nervous system lymphoma (PCNSL) has dropped precipitously since the introduction of HAART.
  • The pathogenesis of acquired immunodeficiency syndrome-related lymphoma is multifactorial.
  • Epstein-Barr virus plays a significant role in these diseases, especially Burkitt lymphoma and PCNSL.
  • The use of biological agents, for example, monoclonal antibody against CD-20, is being explored to improve the clinical outcome of this disease.
  • [MeSH-major] Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome / drug therapy. Antiretroviral Therapy, Highly Active. Lymphoma / immunology. Lymphoma / virology. Lymphoma, AIDS-Related / immunology. Lymphoma, AIDS-Related / virology


8. Schlegel U, Schmidt-Wolf IG, Deckert M: Primary CNS lymphoma: clinical presentation, pathological classification, molecular pathogenesis and treatment. J Neurol Sci; 2000 Dec 1;181(1-2):1-12
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Primary CNS lymphoma: clinical presentation, pathological classification, molecular pathogenesis and treatment.
  • Primary CNS lymphomas (PCNSL) represent malignant non-Hodgkin's B cell lymphomas, which are confined to the central nervous system.
  • [MeSH-major] Central Nervous System Neoplasms / pathology. Lymphoma, B-Cell / pathology
  • [MeSH-minor] Diagnosis, Differential. Drug Therapy / methods. Drug Therapy / statistics & numerical data. HIV Infections / complications. Humans. Prognosis. Radiotherapy / methods. Radiotherapy / statistics & numerical data. Survival Rate / trends

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  • (PMID = 11099705.001).
  • [ISSN] 0022-510X
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of the neurological sciences
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Neurol. Sci.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] NETHERLANDS
  • [Number-of-references] 99
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9. Siepmann K, Rohrbach JM, Duncker G, Zierhut M: [Intraocular non-Hodgkin's lymphoma and its therapy-- a case series of ten patients]. Klin Monbl Augenheilkd; 2004 Apr;221(4):266-72
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] [Intraocular non-Hodgkin's lymphoma and its therapy-- a case series of ten patients].
  • [Transliterated title] Das intraokulare Non-Hodgkin-Lymphom und seine Therapie -- eine Fallserie mit 10 Patienten.
  • BACKGROUND: The timely and correct diagnosis of intraocular non-Hodgkin's lymphoma represents a huge challenge to clinicians.
  • Two thirds of intraocular lymphomas are a manifestation of a primary CNS lymphoma (PCNSL) arising outside the lymphatic system and are localized in the brain, the meninges or the spinal chord.
  • Six patients had a concomitant CNS lesion while four patients showed isolated intraocular lymphoma only.
  • The presence of a highly malignant B cell lymphoma was proven by vitreous biopsy in nine cases and by stereotactic biopsy of a CNS lesion in one patient.
  • At present it is recommended that all patients with proven PCNSL be entered in a multicenter randomized study under the auspices of the Department of Internal Medicine III of the Benjamin-Franklin-University-Hospital, Berlin and the Department of Neurology of the University Hospital of Tuebingen.
  • [MeSH-major] Central Nervous System Neoplasms / pathology. Eye Neoplasms / drug therapy. Eye Neoplasms / pathology. Lymphoma, Non-Hodgkin / drug therapy. Lymphoma, Non-Hodgkin / pathology. Uveitis / diagnosis
  • [MeSH-minor] Aged. Antineoplastic Agents / therapeutic use. Diagnosis, Differential. Humans. Lymphatic Metastasis. Male. Middle Aged. Treatment Outcome

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  • (PMID = 15118956.001).
  • [ISSN] 0023-2165
  • [Journal-full-title] Klinische Monatsblätter für Augenheilkunde
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Klin Monbl Augenheilkd
  • [Language] ger
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Germany
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Antineoplastic Agents
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