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1. Wang YJ, Li F, Cao F, Sun JB, Liu JF, Wang YH: Littoral cell angioma of the spleen. Asian J Surg; 2009 Jul;32(3):167-71
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  • [Title] Littoral cell angioma of the spleen.
  • Littoral cell angioma (LCA) is a rare primary benign vascular neoplasm of the spleen.
  • Computed tomography (CT) and ultrasound (US) imaging studies showed multiple lesions in the spleen and gallbladder stones.
  • The tumour was removed successfully by laparoscopic splenectomy and simultaneously cholecystectomy was conducted for gallbladder stones.
  • The tumour lining cells were positive for CD31/CD68 markers, and negative for CD34.

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  • (PMID = 19656757.001).
  • [ISSN] 0219-3108
  • [Journal-full-title] Asian journal of surgery
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Asian J Surg
  • [Language] ENG
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] China
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2. Broe D, Ridgway PF, Swan N, Conlon KC: Splenic preserving distal pancreatectomy of a solid pseudopapillary pancreatic tumour. Ir J Med Sci; 2006 Apr-Jun;175(2):77-80
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Splenic preserving distal pancreatectomy of a solid pseudopapillary pancreatic tumour.
  • They are traditionally regarded as benign tumours with malignant potential.
  • AIM: We describe the incidental finding of this rare pancreatic lesion in a healthy 37-year-old female which was treated with splenic preserving distal pancreatectomy.
  • Histology revealed the tumour origin with clear resection margins.
  • CONCLUSION: The authors conclude that splenic preservation is safe and desirable where no compromise in oncological principles exists.
  • [MeSH-major] Carcinoma, Papillary / surgery. Pancreatectomy / methods. Pancreatic Neoplasms / surgery. Spleen

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  • (PMID = 16872036.001).
  • [ISSN] 0021-1265
  • [Journal-full-title] Irish journal of medical science
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Ir J Med Sci
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Ireland
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3. Litster AL, Sorenmo KU: Characterisation of the signalment, clinical and survival characteristics of 41 cats with mast cell neoplasia. J Feline Med Surg; 2006 Jun;8(3):177-83
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Characterisation of the signalment, clinical and survival characteristics of 41 cats with mast cell neoplasia.
  • While the primary splenic form of the disease is far less common, it is usually associated with more severe clinical signs.
  • Signalment, clinical and survival characteristics of mast cell neoplasia were characterised in 41 cats.
  • The most common tumour location was cutaneous/subcutaneous head and trunk.
  • Stage 1a was the most common tumour stage at first diagnosis (n=20), followed by stage 4 (both stage 4a and stage 4b; n=10).
  • Of 22 cats that underwent excisional biopsy, mast cell neoplasia recurred in four cats during the study period.
  • Three of the 41 cats presented with simultaneous cutaneous and either splenic or lymph node tumours.
  • A comparison between cats with only cutaneous tumours (n=30) and those with tumours involving the spleen or lymph nodes (n=11) showed longer survival times for the cutaneous-only group (P=0.031).
  • Twelve of the 41 cats died of mast cell neoplasia during the study period.
  • When a subgroup of cats with only cutaneous tumours (no lymph node or visceral involvement) were divided according to whether there were multiple (five or more) tumours (n=6) or a single tumour (n=19), cats with single tumours survived longer than those with multiple tumours (P=0.001).
  • Solitary cutaneous feline MCTs without spread to the lymph nodes usually manifest as benign disease with a relatively protracted course.
  • However, multiple cutaneous tumours, recurrent tumours and primary splenic disease should receive a guarded prognosis due to the relatively short median survival times associated with these forms of the disease.
  • [MeSH-minor] Animals. Cats. Disease-Free Survival. Follow-Up Studies. Neoplasm Staging. Prognosis. Severity of Illness Index. Survival Analysis

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  • (PMID = 16476559.001).
  • [ISSN] 1098-612X
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of feline medicine and surgery
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Feline Med. Surg.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] England
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4. Pal DK, Chakraborty S, Das S: Retroperitoneal tumours--a ten years retrospective study. J Indian Med Assoc; 2005 Jan;103(1):18-20
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • Malignant tumours were double in comparison to benign tumours and lymphoma was found to be the most common malignant tumour.
  • Though complete resection should be the aim to treat them it may lead to sacrifice of other vital organs like kidney, spleen and part of large gut in advanced cases.

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  • (PMID = 16008325.001).
  • [ISSN] 0019-5847
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of the Indian Medical Association
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Indian Med Assoc
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] India
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5. Sato M, Takasaka I, Okumura T, Shioyama Y, Asato Y, Yoshimi F, Imura J, Amemiya R: F-18 fluorodeoxyglucose accumulation in an inflammatory pseudotumor of the spleen. Ann Nucl Med; 2007 Nov;21(9):521-4
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] F-18 fluorodeoxyglucose accumulation in an inflammatory pseudotumor of the spleen.
  • We report on a case with an inflammatory pseudotumor of the spleen, which showed a moderate accumulation of F-18 fluorodeoxyglucose (FDG) in the tumor.
  • F-18 FDG accumulated mainly in the peripheral portion of this tumor that showed abundant hypercellular inflammatory cells histopathologically.
  • Splenic inflammatory pseudotumors should be recognized as F-18 FDG-avid benign tumors of the spleen.
  • [MeSH-major] Fluorodeoxyglucose F18 / pharmacokinetics. Granuloma, Plasma Cell / diagnosis. Granuloma, Plasma Cell / radionuclide imaging. Spleen / radionuclide imaging

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  • (PMID = 18030584.001).
  • [ISSN] 0914-7187
  • [Journal-full-title] Annals of nuclear medicine
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Ann Nucl Med
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Japan
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Radiopharmaceuticals; 0Z5B2CJX4D / Fluorodeoxyglucose F18
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6. Somani BK, Nicol G, Bhavan R, Swami S, Nabi G, Abacus Research Group: Synchronous resections of intra-abdominal pathologies during radical nephrectomy. A case-linked cohort study evaluation of outcomes. Eur J Surg Oncol; 2009 Aug;35(8):844-51
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  • PATIENTS AND METHODS: The data of patients requiring radical nephrectomy and surgical resection of a synchronous intra-abdominal pathology over a period of 12 years was extracted on pre-designed data extraction sheets from the case notes and included: age, sex, nature of second intra-abdominal pathology, intra-operative and postoperative details including complications, recurrence rate and survival on follow-up.
  • Fifteen underwent radical nephrectomy and surgical resection of a second intra-abdominal non-urological malignancy: colonic tumour - 8, rectal tumour - 3, oesophageal tumour - 2 and gastric tumour - 2.
  • Fifteen patients underwent radical nephrectomy and surgical resection of a synchronous benign intra-abdominal pathology: gall bladder - 8, spleen - 3, uterine fibroid - 1, abdominal aortic aneurysm - 1, colonic polyp - 1 and suspected tumour infiltration of colon - 1.

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  • (PMID = 18976878.001).
  • [ISSN] 1532-2157
  • [Journal-full-title] European journal of surgical oncology : the journal of the European Society of Surgical Oncology and the British Association of Surgical Oncology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Eur J Surg Oncol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] England
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7. Tee M, Vos P, Zetler P, Wiseman SM: Incidental littoral cell angioma of the spleen. World J Surg Oncol; 2008;6:87
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  • [Title] Incidental littoral cell angioma of the spleen.
  • BACKGROUND: Littoral cell angioma (LCA) is a recently described primary vascular neoplasm of the spleen that may be associated with other malignancies and may itself also have malignant potential.
  • This vascular neoplasm was evaluated by ultrasound, CT, MRI, Tc-99m labelled red blood cell scintigraphy, and core biopsy.
  • Following this case presentation, clinical, radiographic, and pathological features of LCA will be reviewed as well as recent advances in our understanding of this uncommon splenic lesion.
  • CONCLUSION: LCA is a rare, generally benign, primary vascular tumour of the spleen that typically is discovered incidentally.
  • Individuals diagnosed with this tumour must be carefully evaluated to exclude primary, secondary, and synchronous malignancies.
  • [MeSH-major] Hemangioma / diagnosis. Splenic Neoplasms / diagnosis
  • [MeSH-minor] Cholecystectomy. Colic / surgery. Diagnosis, Differential. Female. Humans. Magnetic Resonance Imaging. Middle Aged. Tomography, X-Ray Computed

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  • (PMID = 18713469.001).
  • [ISSN] 1477-7819
  • [Journal-full-title] World journal of surgical oncology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] World J Surg Oncol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC2527567
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8. Colović N, Cemerikić-Martinović V, Micev M, Radak V, Colović R: [Hemangioma of the spleen]. Srp Arh Celok Lek; 2006 Jul-Aug;134(7-8):325-7
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] [Hemangioma of the spleen].
  • Although the most frequent benign tumors of the spleen, hemangiomas are very rare, much rarer than hemangiomas of the liver.
  • As the investigation showed a number of hypoechogenic lesions within the enlarged, diffusely non-homogenic spleen, splenectomy was indicated.
  • The spleen weighing 2600 grams was removed, in which the number of lesions histologically corresponded to hemangioma of the spleen.
  • [MeSH-minor] Aged. Female. Humans. Splenic Neoplasms / diagnosis. Splenic Neoplasms / pathology. Splenic Neoplasms / surgery

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  • (PMID = 17009613.001).
  • [ISSN] 0370-8179
  • [Journal-full-title] Srpski arhiv za celokupno lekarstvo
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Srp Arh Celok Lek
  • [Language] srp
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Serbia and Montenegro
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9. Gourgiotis S, Moustafellos P, Zavos A, Stratopoulos C, Vericouki C, Hadjiyannakis E: Localisation and surgical treatment of insulinomas. Int J Clin Pract; 2007 Apr;61(4):558-61
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • Most insulinomas are solitary, benign and functional neuroendocrine pancreatic tumours which give rise to manifold symptoms.
  • Their preoperative localisation is often unclear, but the cure rate after their excision is very high.
  • It was the aim of this study to analyse and evaluate our group of patients with regard to preoperative tumour localisation and overall surgical results.
  • Twelve patients with a biochemical diagnosis of organic hyperinsulinism were surgically treated.
  • Diagnosis was made with the combination of magnetic resonance imaging, computed tomography, selective angiography and intraoperative portal vein sampling.
  • In five patients, the tumour was enucleated, in three patients Whipple procedure was performed; while three patients underwent left pancreatectomy with spleen preserving in two cases.
  • Accurate diagnosis, preoperative localisation and diligent surgical exploration by experienced surgeons are the key to a successful outcome in patients with insulinomas.

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  • (PMID = 17394431.001).
  • [ISSN] 1368-5031
  • [Journal-full-title] International journal of clinical practice
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Int. J. Clin. Pract.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Evaluation Studies; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] England
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10. Görg C, Görg K, Bert T, Barth P: Colour Doppler ultrasound patterns and clinical follow-up of incidentally found hypoechoic, vascular tumours of the spleen: evidence for a benign tumour. Br J Radiol; 2006 Apr;79(940):319-25
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Colour Doppler ultrasound patterns and clinical follow-up of incidentally found hypoechoic, vascular tumours of the spleen: evidence for a benign tumour.
  • Between January 1990 and January 2005, incidental hypoechoic, vascular tumours of the spleen were identified in 13 patients using B-mode and colour Doppler ultrasound (CDS).
  • Histological examination was performed in three patients with the diagnosis of capillary haemangioma (n = 2) and hamartoma (n = 1).
  • In the remaining cases, ultrasound follow-up was performed (range 4 months to 13 years) and demonstrated no evidence of tumour growth in all but one patient.
  • In the spleen a hypoechoic lesion with an increased vascular pattern incidentally found by ultrasound most likely indicates a benign tumour with capillary haemangioma/hamartoma as the most likely diagnosis.
  • [MeSH-major] Incidental Findings. Spleen / ultrasonography. Splenic Diseases / ultrasonography. Ultrasonography, Doppler, Color. Ultrasonography, Interventional
  • [MeSH-minor] Adolescent. Adult. Aged. Child. Child, Preschool. Diagnosis, Differential. Female. Follow-Up Studies. Hamartoma / blood supply. Hamartoma / ultrasonography. Hemangioma, Capillary / blood supply. Hemangioma, Capillary / ultrasonography. Humans. Male. Middle Aged

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  • (PMID = 16585725.001).
  • [ISSN] 0007-1285
  • [Journal-full-title] The British journal of radiology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Br J Radiol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] England
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11. Schillaci O, Calabria F, Tavolozza M, Cicciò C, Carlani M, Caracciolo CR, Danieli R, Orlacchio A, Simonetti G: 18F-choline PET/CT physiological distribution and pitfalls in image interpretation: experience in 80 patients with prostate cancer. Nucl Med Commun; 2010 Jan;31(1):39-45
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • RESULTS: We observed physiological 18F-choline uptake in liver, pancreas, spleen, salivary and lachrymal glands and also, owing to renal excretion, in urinary tract.
  • The majority of these findings were owing to inflammation (12 of 15); a case of low grade lymphoma was detected; two patients showed focal brain uptake of 18F-choline and were subsequently submitted to magnetic resonance: in one a meningioma and in the other a low-grade brain tumour were diagnosed.
  • In our series, 18F-choline uptake in benign pathological conditions mainly included sites of inflammation; nevertheless, accumulation in tumour deposits not because PC cannot be excluded, particularly in the brain, where correlative imaging with magnetic resonance is of the utmost importance.

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  • (PMID = 19972635.001).
  • [ISSN] 1473-5628
  • [Journal-full-title] Nuclear medicine communications
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Nucl Med Commun
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / fluoromethylcholine; N91BDP6H0X / Choline
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12. Teredesai A, Wöhrmann T: Endocardial schwannomas in the Wistar rat. J Vet Med A Physiol Pathol Clin Med; 2005 Oct;52(8):403-6
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • Two of the 13 schwannomas were malignant, while the rest were benign.
  • One malignant schwannoma metastasized to the thymus and the other metastasized to the aorta, oesophagus, liver and spleen.
  • The histological appearance of the metastases was identical to that of the primary tumour.
  • The diagnosis was confirmed by positive immunostaining for S-100 protein.

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  • (PMID = 16176570.001).
  • [ISSN] 0931-184X
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of veterinary medicine. A, Physiology, pathology, clinical medicine
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Vet Med A Physiol Pathol Clin Med
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Germany
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13. Chen HW, Lai EC, Huang XJ, Chen FN, Lu RL, Pan AZ, Lau WY: Inflammatory myofibroblastic tumours of the spleen and liver. Asian J Surg; 2008 Jan;31(1):25-8
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Inflammatory myofibroblastic tumours of the spleen and liver.
  • Inflammatory myofibroblastic tumour (IMT) is a rare neoplasm.
  • Generally, these lesions have a benign behaviour, but the possibility of malignant transformation exists.
  • We report the rare case of a 43-year-old woman with metachronous IMTs in the spleen and the liver.
  • This case emphasizes the difficulties in diagnosis and the possibility of a metachronous occurrence.

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  • (PMID = 18334466.001).
  • [ISSN] 1015-9584
  • [Journal-full-title] Asian journal of surgery
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Asian J Surg
  • [Language] ENG
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] China
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14. Chang WC, Liou CH, Kao HW, Hsu CC, Chen CY, Yu CY: Solitary lymphangioma of the spleen: dynamic MR findings with pathological correlation. Br J Radiol; 2007 Jan;80(949):e4-6
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Solitary lymphangioma of the spleen: dynamic MR findings with pathological correlation.
  • Solitary lymphangioma of the spleen is an extremely rare, benign vasoformative tumour that typically shows no notable enhancement on imaging studies.
  • We report a case in which MR images showed diffuse and prolonged enhancement of a splenic mass.
  • On histological correlation, splenic lymphangiomas with abundant fibrous stroma may account for this specific enhancing pattern.
  • [MeSH-major] Lymphangioma / diagnosis. Splenic Neoplasms / diagnosis
  • [MeSH-minor] Contrast Media. Diagnosis, Differential. Female. Gadolinium. Humans. Magnetic Resonance Imaging / methods. Middle Aged

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  • (PMID = 17267469.001).
  • [ISSN] 1748-880X
  • [Journal-full-title] The British journal of radiology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Br J Radiol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Contrast Media; AU0V1LM3JT / Gadolinium
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15. Suvajdzić N, Cemerikić-Martinović V, Saranović D, Petrović M, Popović M, Artiko V, Cupić M, Elezović I: Littoral-cell angioma as a rare cause of splenomegaly. Clin Lab Haematol; 2006 Oct;28(5):317-20
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • We report the case of a littoral-cell angioma of the spleen, a recently described benign vascular tumour, whose imaging and pathological characteristics have been discussed only by a few authors.
  • The diagnosis was made after elective splenectomy.
  • [MeSH-major] Hemangioma / complications. Splenic Neoplasms / complications. Splenomegaly / etiology

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  • (PMID = 16999722.001).
  • [ISSN] 0141-9854
  • [Journal-full-title] Clinical and laboratory haematology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Clin Lab Haematol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] England
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16. Sudhakar MK, Neeta, Senthil, Ahamed A, John S, Aggarwal G: Gastro-intestinal stromal tumour--a case report. J Indian Med Assoc; 2006 May;104(5):266, 270
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Gastro-intestinal stromal tumour--a case report.
  • Gastro-intestinal stromal tumours are a heterogenous group of mesenchymal tumours mostly arising from the stomach and small intestine which may be benign or malignant.
  • On examination liver was enlarged 10 cm below right coastal margin, spleen was also enlarged and non-tender.
  • Upper GI scopy showed a proliferative growth in periampullary region with the histopathology of the growth showed features of gastrointestinal stromal tumour.
  • [MeSH-major] Gastrointestinal Stromal Tumors / diagnosis
  • [MeSH-minor] Abdominal Pain. Adult. Blood Transfusion. Female. Folic Acid / therapeutic use. Humans. Intestinal Mucosa / pathology. Intestinal Neoplasms / diagnosis. Intestinal Neoplasms / therapy. Iron / therapeutic use. Tomography, X-Ray Computed / methods

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  • (PMID = 17058574.001).
  • [ISSN] 0019-5847
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of the Indian Medical Association
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Indian Med Assoc
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] India
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 935E97BOY8 / Folic Acid; E1UOL152H7 / Iron
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17. Colović R, Micev M, Grubor N, Colović N, Latincić S: [Inflammatory pseudotumours of spleen]. Srp Arh Celok Lek; 2009 Mar-Apr;137(3-4):189-93
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] [Inflammatory pseudotumours of spleen].
  • INTRODUCTION: Inflammatory pseudotumours are benign lesions of unknown aetiology that can appear almost in any organ, sometimes along with infectious agents like Epstein-Barr virus.
  • They are very rare in the spleen, with about 80 cases described in the world literature.
  • The tumour is a single, very rarely multinodal, lesion.
  • Although the tumour may be suspected before surgery, the exact diagnosis is established by the histological and immunohistochemical examination of the spleen removed as lymphoma or some other lymphoproliferative disorder because they cannot be ruled out.
  • OUTLINE OF CASES: The authors present 3 female patients 36, 48 and 56 years of age (average age 46.6 years) with the inflammatory pseudotumour of the spleen.
  • Two patients complained of a mild pain in the epigastrium and below the left costal margin, while in the third patient the tumour of the spleen was discovered by chance during the examination after the traffic accident trauma.
  • All 3 patients were submitted to splenectomy as lymphoma of the spleen could not have been ruled out.
  • The exact diagnosis of the tumours was established by the histological and immunohistochemical investigation.
  • CONCLUSION: Inflammatory pseudotumours of the spleen may not be so rare as it is believed.
  • They have to be taken into consideration in the differential diagnosis of solitary or multimodal lesions of the spleen.
  • [MeSH-major] Granuloma, Plasma Cell / diagnosis. Splenic Diseases / diagnosis

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  • (PMID = 19459568.001).
  • [ISSN] 0370-8179
  • [Journal-full-title] Srpski arhiv za celokupno lekarstvo
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Srp Arh Celok Lek
  • [Language] srp
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Serbia
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18. Barbagallo M, Incorpora G, Magro G, D'Amico S, Pavone V: Splenic lymphangiomatosis associated with skeletal involvement (Gorham's disease): a new case and review of literature. Minerva Pediatr; 2009 Apr;61(2):231-6
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  • [Title] Splenic lymphangiomatosis associated with skeletal involvement (Gorham's disease): a new case and review of literature.
  • Lymphangiomatosis is a well-recognized congenital benign tumour, frequently seen in infancy and childhood, characterized by the presence of multiple lymphangiomas.
  • We report on a child in whom lymphangiomatosis involved both the bone and the spleen.
  • [MeSH-minor] Angiogenesis Inhibitors / therapeutic use. Child. Diagnosis, Differential. Humans. Interferon-alpha / therapeutic use. Male. Medication Adherence. Recombinant Proteins. Splenectomy

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  • (PMID = 19322127.001).
  • [ISSN] 0026-4946
  • [Journal-full-title] Minerva pediatrica
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Minerva Pediatr.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] Italy
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Angiogenesis Inhibitors; 0 / Interferon-alpha; 0 / Recombinant Proteins; 99210-65-8 / interferon alfa-2b
  • [Number-of-references] 14
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19. Lin CH, Yu JC, Shih ML, Peng YJ, Hsieh CB: Littoral cell angioma of the spleen in a patient with hepatocellular carcinoma. J Formos Med Assoc; 2005 Apr;104(4):282-5
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  • [Title] Littoral cell angioma of the spleen in a patient with hepatocellular carcinoma.
  • Littoral cell angioma (LCA) is a rare primitive vascular tumor of the spleen which is benign and usually associated with visceral malignancy.
  • The diagnosis of LCA is based on histologic and immunohistologic analysis.
  • Dynamic computed tomography studies showed splenomegaly (20 cm in long axis) with a hypodense tumor in the upper pole and a contrast-enhanced hepatic mass in the right lobe of the liver.
  • Under the impression of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) and splenic tumor, partial hepatectomy and splenectomy were performed.
  • Histopathology showed a moderately differentiated HCC of the liver and splenic angioma with dilated vascular channels lined by plump endothelial cells.
  • Immunohistochemical staining of the splenic tumor showed focal positive reaction for factor VIII and CD68.
  • LCA of the spleen was diagnosed.

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  • (PMID = 15909068.001).
  • [ISSN] 0929-6646
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of the Formosan Medical Association = Taiwan yi zhi
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Formos. Med. Assoc.
  • [Language] ENG
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Singapore
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20. Krstić V, Smoljanić Z, Djurović J, Marković V, Kosanović-Jaković N: [Gigantic ovarian and suprarenal cysts ten years after enucleation of unilateral retinoblastoma]. Srp Arh Celok Lek; 2008 Nov-Dec;136(11-12):658-61
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  • INTRODUCTION: Retinoblastoma (RB) is the most common eye tumour in children and is curable.
  • Average latent period, e.g. the period from the diagnosis of bilateral RB to the appearance of SPT is 10.4 years.
  • In the literature, the appearance of second benign tumours in patients suffering from unilateral and bilateral RB has not been analyzed separately.
  • However, the size and the location of benign tumours can cause serious complications.
  • Abdominal echosonography confirmed the presence of a huge multilocular cystic formation, 19 x 18 cm in diameter, spreading from the pelvis to the epigastrium, and pressing the liver and spleen.


21. Colović R, Suvajdzić N, Grubor N, Colović N, Terzić T: Atypical immunophenotype in a littoral cell angioma. Vojnosanit Pregl; 2009 Jan;66(1):63-5
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • BACKGROUND: Littoral-cell angioma (LCA) is a recently described benign vascular tumor of the spleen, whose imaging and pathologic characteristics have been discussed only by a few authors.
  • The tumor is characterized by a mixture of papillary and cystic areas lined by neoplastic cells deriving from normal splenic lining--littoral cells.
  • The neoplastic LCA cells express both endothelial and histiocytic antigens associated with CD8 negativity, compared with the normal endothelium of the venous sinuses of the spleen red pulp that only expresses endothelial antigens and CD8 positivity.
  • CASE REPORT: We reported a 60-year-old male with moderate nodular splenomegaly with one large hypoechogenic solid lesion and mild thrombocytopenia in whom the diagnosis of LCA was made after the elective splenectomy.
  • Namely, histopathological and immunohistochemical data allowed a final diagnosis of classical LCA in spite of CD21 negativity.
  • CONCLUSION: Littoral-cell angioma is a very rare benign splenic neoplasm that should be considered in the differential diagnosis of multinodular splenomegaly, particularly if the patient has the signs of hypersplenism.
  • [MeSH-major] Hemangioma / pathology. Splenic Neoplasms / pathology

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  • (PMID = 19195267.001).
  • [ISSN] 0042-8450
  • [Journal-full-title] Vojnosanitetski pregled
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Vojnosanit Pregl
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] Serbia
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Antigens, CD; 0 / Antigens, Differentiation, Myelomonocytic; 0 / CD68 antigen, human
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22. Gamlem H, Nordstoga K, Arnesen K: Canine vascular neoplasia--a population-based clinicopathologic study of 439 tumours and tumour-like lesions in 420 dogs. APMIS Suppl; 2008;(125):41-54
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Canine vascular neoplasia--a population-based clinicopathologic study of 439 tumours and tumour-like lesions in 420 dogs.
  • This paper deals with a population-based material collected during the years 1990-1998, and comprises 439 tumours and tumour-like vascular processes from 420 dogs.
  • A distinction is made between benign neoplasms, tumours of intermediate malignancy, and obvious malignant processes (angiosarcomas).
  • More than one half (242 of 439) occurred in the skin, and a great majority of skin processes (223 of 242) represented benign tumours or tumour-like lesions.
  • The next most common site of summarised lesions was the spleen, with 110 cases, with only 17 processes in this organ being defined as benign.
  • Splenic involvement was followed by the liver, with 13 out of 17 processes being angiosarcomas.
  • Most tumour-like proliferations were papillary endothelial hyperplasias.
  • Recurrence occurred in 17 dogs, some of which had received a primary benign diagnosis.
  • Primary metastases were observed in 63 animals, the majority in the spleen and heart.
  • The male/female rate of benign tumours was 0.78, for tumour-like processes 1.83, intermediate malignant tumours 1.65, and angiosarcomas 1.60.

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  • (PMID = 19385280.001).
  • [ISSN] 0903-465X
  • [Journal-full-title] APMIS. Supplementum
  • [ISO-abbreviation] APMIS Suppl.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Denmark
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23. Langer R, Dinges J, Dobritz M, Brauer RB, Perren A, Becker K, Kremer M: Sclerosing angiomatoid nodular transformation of the spleen presenting as a rapidly growing tumour in a patient with rectal cancer. BMJ Case Rep; 2009;2009
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  • [Title] Sclerosing angiomatoid nodular transformation of the spleen presenting as a rapidly growing tumour in a patient with rectal cancer.
  • A patient with rectal cancer developed a rapidly growing splenic mass 2 years after cancer treatment.
  • Since a metastatic process could not be ruled out, splenectomy was performed, and the tumour emerged as a sclerosing angiomatoid nodular transformation (SANT) of the spleen.
  • SANT is a rare, recently recognised, non-neoplastic vascular lesion of the spleen that radiologically may be difficult to distinguish from vascular splenic lesions such as splenic hamartoma, haemangioma or littoral cell angioma.
  • SANT is considered to be a benign lesion.
  • This case is reported because of its important clinical impact for the differential diagnosis of splenic masses.

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  • [Cites] Am J Surg Pathol. 2004 Oct;28(10):1268-79 [15371942.001]
  • [Cites] Am J Surg Pathol. 2005 Jun;29(6):839-41 [15897756.001]
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  • (PMID = 21918654.001).
  • [ISSN] 1757-790X
  • [Journal-full-title] BMJ case reports
  • [ISO-abbreviation] BMJ Case Rep
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC3030094
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24. Yazici P, Aydin U, Ersin S, Kaplan H: Hamartoma - a rare benign tumor of the spleen: a report of four cases. Eurasian J Med; 2008 Apr;40(1):48-51
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Hamartoma - a rare benign tumor of the spleen: a report of four cases.
  • Splenic hamartoma is an uncommon benign tumor.
  • We retrospectively analyzed all patients who underwent splenectomy between May 2000 and June 2006 and four cases of splenic hamartoma were encountered.
  • Abdominal ultrasonography was the first diagnostic step, which revealed a splenic mass.
  • Splenic hamartoma must be considered in the differential diagnosis of splenic masses unrelated to any other malignancy.

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  • (PMID = 25610025.001).
  • [ISSN] 1308-8734
  • [Journal-full-title] The Eurasian journal of medicine
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Eurasian J Med
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Turkey
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC4261320
  • [Keywords] NOTNLM ; Hamartoma / Splenectomy / Splenic mass
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25. Patruno R, Arpaia N, Gadaleta CD, Passantino L, Zizzo N, Misino A, Lucarelli NM, Catino A, Valerio P, Ribatti D, Ranieri G: VEGF concentration from plasma-activated platelets rich correlates with microvascular density and grading in canine mast cell tumour spontaneous model. J Cell Mol Med; 2009 Mar;13(3):555-61
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  • [Title] VEGF concentration from plasma-activated platelets rich correlates with microvascular density and grading in canine mast cell tumour spontaneous model.
  • Canine cutaneous mast cell tumour (CMCT) is a common cutaneous tumour in dog, with a higher incidence than in human.
  • CMCT is classified in three subgroups, well and intermediately differentiated (G1 and G2), corresponding to a benign disease, and poorly differentiated (G3), corresponding to a malignant disease, which metastasize to lymph nodes, liver, spleen and bone marrow.
  • Because VEGF levels from P-APR well correlated with MVD and malignancy grade in CMCT, we suggest that VEGF might be secreted from MCs and it may be a suitable surrogate inter-species angiogenetic markers of tumour progression in CMCT.
  • Finally, CMCT seems to be a useful model to study the role of MCs in tumour angiogenesis and inhibition of MCs degranulation or activation might be a new anti-angiogenic strategy worthy to further investigations.

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  • (PMID = 18429933.001).
  • [ISSN] 1582-4934
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of cellular and molecular medicine
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Cell. Mol. Med.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor A
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC3822515
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