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1. Douira-Khomsi W, Sayed M, Louati H, Smida M, Mrad K, Hammou A, Bellagha I: Imaging of benign lipomatous tumours of the limbs in children. Tunis Med; 2010 Jun;88(6):378-82
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Imaging of benign lipomatous tumours of the limbs in children.
  • BACKGROUND: Lipomatous tumours of the limbs in children are rare, and lipoblastoma is the most common soft tissue tumour.
  • The aim of our study is to illustrate the main clinical, radiological and histological features of the different benign lipomatous tumours in children.
  • RESULTS: It is about a descriptive study of paediatric cases of benign lipomatous tumours of limb in children.
  • CONCLUSION: The imaging findings are helpful and can provide essential components for the diagnosis.
  • [MeSH-major] Extremities. Lipoma / diagnosis. Soft Tissue Neoplasms / diagnosis

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  • (PMID = 20517845.001).
  • [ISSN] 0041-4131
  • [Journal-full-title] La Tunisie médicale
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Tunis Med
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] Tunisia
  • [Number-of-references] 29
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2. Willems SM, Debiec-Rychter M, Szuhai K, Hogendoorn PC, Sciot R: Local recurrence of myxofibrosarcoma is associated with increase in tumour grade and cytogenetic aberrations, suggesting a multistep tumour progression model. Mod Pathol; 2006 Mar;19(3):407-16
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  • [Title] Local recurrence of myxofibrosarcoma is associated with increase in tumour grade and cytogenetic aberrations, suggesting a multistep tumour progression model.
  • Myxofibrosarcoma is one of the most frequent soft tissue tumours in elderly patients, mostly arising in the extremities.
  • The differential diagnosis contains several other (benign) myxoid soft tissue tumours.
  • However, no tumour-specific chromosomal abnormalities could be withdrawn.
  • Since the chromosomal aberrations found were not tumour type specific, they seem to be rather the result of secondary events in tumour progression and tumour genetic instability.
  • [MeSH-major] Chromosome Aberrations. Fibrosarcoma / pathology. Neoplasm Recurrence, Local / pathology

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  • (PMID = 16415793.001).
  • [ISSN] 0893-3952
  • [Journal-full-title] Modern pathology : an official journal of the United States and Canadian Academy of Pathology, Inc
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Mod. Pathol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] United States
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3. Mnasri H, Bouchoucha S: Granular cell tumour of the perianal region: which therapeutic attitude? Acta Chir Belg; 2005 Feb;105(1):112-3
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  • [Title] Granular cell tumour of the perianal region: which therapeutic attitude?
  • Granular cell tumours are uncommon soft tissue tumours that could be located anywhere throughout the body.
  • Most of time they are benign but the diagnosis of malignancy is difficult to establish on histology: this is why the therapeutic decision is not easy to take in particular for some locations.
  • We report the case of a 18-year old man: he presented, in the perianal region, a granular cell tumour of uncertain malignant potential (so far the first case described in the literature) for which we decided a conservative surgical treatment that failed.
  • [MeSH-major] Anus Neoplasms / surgery. Granular Cell Tumor / surgery

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  • (PMID = 15790218.001).
  • [ISSN] 0001-5458
  • [Journal-full-title] Acta chirurgica Belgica
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Acta Chir. Belg.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Belgium
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4. Khedhaier A, Maalla R, Ennouri K, Regaya N: Soft tissues chondromas of the hand: a report of five cases. Acta Orthop Belg; 2007 Aug;73(4):458-61
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  • [Title] Soft tissues chondromas of the hand: a report of five cases.
  • Soft tissue chondromas are rare slowly-progressing benign tumours.
  • We report 5 new cases of soft-tissue chondromas of the hand.
  • The median age at the time of diagnosis was 38 years.
  • A well encapsulated and limited tumour was found at surgery.
  • Positive diagnosis was provided by the pathology examination.
  • [MeSH-major] Chondroma. Hand. Soft Tissue Neoplasms

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  • (PMID = 17939475.001).
  • [ISSN] 0001-6462
  • [Journal-full-title] Acta orthopaedica Belgica
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Acta Orthop Belg
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Belgium
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5. Sabah M, Cummins R, Leader M, Kay E: Leiomyosarcoma and malignant fibrous histiocytoma share similar allelic imbalance pattern at 9p. Virchows Arch; 2005 Mar;446(3):251-8
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  • Formalin-fixed, paraffin-embedded tissue from 45 soft tissue sarcomas was analysed for allelic imbalance/loss of heterozygosity (AI/LOH) of chromosome 9.
  • The specimens consisted of 17 cases of soft tissue leiomyosarcoma (LMS), 4 cases of cutaneous LMS, 22 cases of conventional malignant fibrous histiocytoma (MFH) and 2 cases of angiomatoid fibrous histiocytoma.
  • DNA was microdissected from normal and neoplastic tissues.
  • The frequency of allelic imbalance at different loci on chromosome 9p was analysed in LMS and MFH and then compared with values previously examined in synovial sarcoma and malignant peripheral nerve sheath tumour.
  • This locus may point to the existence of a genetically altered tumour suppressor gene involved in the pathogenesis of LMS and MFH.
  • Our results support the hypothesis that MFHs may represent a morphological pathway in tumour progression of LMSs.
  • [MeSH-major] Chromosomes, Human, Pair 9 / genetics. DNA, Neoplasm / genetics. Histiocytoma, Benign Fibrous / genetics. Leiomyosarcoma / genetics. Soft Tissue Neoplasms / genetics
  • [MeSH-minor] Allelic Imbalance. Humans. Immunohistochemistry. Loss of Heterozygosity. Microsatellite Repeats. Nerve Sheath Neoplasms / genetics. Polymerase Chain Reaction. Sarcoma, Synovial / genetics

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  • (PMID = 15731925.001).
  • [ISSN] 0945-6317
  • [Journal-full-title] Virchows Archiv : an international journal of pathology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Virchows Arch.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Comparative Study; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Germany
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / DNA, Neoplasm
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6. Chandrasekar CR, Grimer RJ, Carter SR, Tillman RM, Abudu A, Davies AM, Sumathi VP: Elastofibroma dorsi: an uncommon benign pseudotumour. Sarcoma; 2008;2008:756565
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  • [Title] Elastofibroma dorsi: an uncommon benign pseudotumour.
  • Elastofibroma dorsi is an uncommon benign soft tissue pseudotumour usually located at the lower pole of the scapula, deep to serratus anterior, and often attached to the periosteum of the ribs, presenting with long history of swelling and occasionally pain and discomfort.
  • This lesion is usually seen in patients over the age of 50 years and is not uncommonly mistaken as a malignant tumour because of its size and location deep to the periscapular muscles.
  • There were 12 males and 3 females, mean age at diagnosis of 68.4 years range 51-79 years.
  • The diagnosis was confirmed by MRI in 3 patients, excision biopsy in 3 patients, trucut biopsy in 8 patients and open biopsy in 1 patient.

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  • (PMID = 18382611.001).
  • [ISSN] 1357-714X
  • [Journal-full-title] Sarcoma
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Sarcoma
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Egypt
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC2276598
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7. Sakai H, Minemura T, Ito N, Miyazawa H, Kurashina K: Isolated osteochondroma near the mandibular angle. Int J Oral Maxillofac Surg; 2007 Mar;36(3):274-5
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  • A benign tumour of osseous and cartilaginous origins, osteochondroma generally develops in osseous tissue and is frequently found near the end of long bones.
  • This is a report on a rare case of osteochondroma in soft tissue near the mandibular angle without pedicle to the bone.
  • [MeSH-major] Head and Neck Neoplasms / pathology. Osteochondroma / pathology. Soft Tissue Neoplasms / pathology

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  • (PMID = 17052896.001).
  • [ISSN] 0901-5027
  • [Journal-full-title] International journal of oral and maxillofacial surgery
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Int J Oral Maxillofac Surg
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Denmark
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8. De Marchi A, Brach del Prever EM, Linari A, Pozza S, Verga L, Albertini U, Forni M, Gino GC, Comandone A, Brach del Prever AM, Piana R, Faletti C: Accuracy of core-needle biopsy after contrast-enhanced ultrasound in soft-tissue tumours. Eur Radiol; 2010 Nov;20(11):2740-8
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Accuracy of core-needle biopsy after contrast-enhanced ultrasound in soft-tissue tumours.
  • OBJECTIVE: Percutaneous biopsies are gaining acceptance in the diagnosis of soft-tissue tumours.
  • We hypothesised that ultrasound (US) contrast medium could identify the representative area for focus core-needle biopsy (CNB) METHODS: This is a retrospective cohort series of 115 soft-tissue masses treated from January 2007 to November 2008.
  • Accuracy of US-guided CNB after contrast-enhanced US (CEUS) was determined by comparing the histology of the biopsy with the definitive diagnosis in 105 surgically excised samples (42 benign, 63 malignant) and with the expected outcome in the remaining ten malignant cases not surgically treated.
  • RESULTS: Of samples, 94.8% were adequate for diagnosis with 97.1% sensitivity and 92.5% specificity.
  • US contrast medium depicts tumour vascular supply and identifies the representative area(s) for sampling.
  • [MeSH-major] Biopsy, Needle. Contrast Media. Phospholipids. Soft Tissue Neoplasms / pathology. Sulfur Hexafluoride. Ultrasonography, Interventional

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  • (PMID = 20582701.001).
  • [ISSN] 1432-1084
  • [Journal-full-title] European radiology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Eur Radiol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Germany
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Contrast Media; 0 / Phospholipids; 0 / contrast agent BR1; WS7LR3I1D6 / Sulfur Hexafluoride
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9. Tateishi U, Yamaguchi U, Seki K, Terauchi T, Arai Y, Hasegawa T: Glut-1 expression and enhanced glucose metabolism are associated with tumour grade in bone and soft tissue sarcomas: a prospective evaluation by [18F]fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography. Eur J Nucl Med Mol Imaging; 2006 Jun;33(6):683-91
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Glut-1 expression and enhanced glucose metabolism are associated with tumour grade in bone and soft tissue sarcomas: a prospective evaluation by [18F]fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography.
  • PURPOSE: This study was conducted to investigate whether( 18)F-fluorodeoxyglucose (FDG) uptake, quantified by positron emission tomography (PET), correlates with histological variables including tumour grade, cell proliferation, cell cycle control integrity and glucose metabolism in patients with bone and soft tissue sarcomas.
  • METHODS: Eighty-two patients clinically suspected of having a bone or soft tissue sarcoma underwent FDG PET within 1 week prior to operation and 63 patients (mean age 48 years, range 18-74 years) were enrolled in the complete analysis.
  • We excluded 17 patients with pathologically confirmed benign tumours and two patients with uncontrolled diabetes or concomitant malignancy from data analysis.
  • Maximum and average standardised uptake values (SUVs) of the primary lesion were compared with histological variables including tumour differentiation, the presence of necrosis, MIB-1 score, mitotic score, p53 overexpression, MIB-1 grade, mitotic grade and GLUT-1 expression.
  • RESULTS: Significant correlations were found between maximal and mean SUVs and MIB-1 grade, mitotic grade, MIB-1 score, tumour differentiation and mitotic score.
  • CONCLUSION: The enhanced glucose metabolism, as determined by SUV, is a strong index of tumour grade in bone and soft tissue sarcomas.
  • [MeSH-major] Bone Neoplasms / diagnostic imaging. Bone Neoplasms / metabolism. Fluorodeoxyglucose F18 / pharmacokinetics. Glucose / metabolism. Glucose Transporter Type 1 / metabolism. Sarcoma / diagnostic imaging. Sarcoma / metabolism

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  • (PMID = 16506050.001).
  • [ISSN] 1619-7070
  • [Journal-full-title] European journal of nuclear medicine and molecular imaging
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Eur. J. Nucl. Med. Mol. Imaging
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Clinical Trial; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] Germany
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Biomarkers; 0 / Glucose Transporter Type 1; 0 / Radiopharmaceuticals; 0Z5B2CJX4D / Fluorodeoxyglucose F18; IY9XDZ35W2 / Glucose
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10. Brisse HJ, Orbach D, Klijanienko J: Soft tissue tumours: imaging strategy. Pediatr Radiol; 2010 Jun;40(6):1019-28
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Soft tissue tumours: imaging strategy.
  • Vascular tumours and malformations, fibrous and fibrohistiocytic tumours and pseudotumours are the most common benign soft-tissue masses observed in children, and can be treated conservatively.
  • Rhabdomyosarcomas are the most frequent malignant tumours, accounting for about half of soft tissue sarcomas.
  • A child referred for a soft-tissue mass should ideally be managed by a multidisciplinary team and primary excision should be proscribed until a definite diagnosis has been established.
  • Clinical examination, conventional radiography and US with Doppler represent the first-line examinations and are sometimes sufficient to make a diagnosis.
  • In all other situations, MRI is mandatory to establish the aggressiveness and extension of the tumour.
  • This technique provides the relevant data to guide the decision regarding tissue sampling.
  • [MeSH-major] Diagnostic Imaging / methods. Soft Tissue Neoplasms / diagnosis

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  • (PMID = 20432021.001).
  • [ISSN] 1432-1998
  • [Journal-full-title] Pediatric radiology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Pediatr Radiol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] Germany
  • [Number-of-references] 66
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11. Sarikcioglu L, Demirel BM, Ozsoy U, Gurer EI, Oguz N, Ucar Y: Angiolipoma located inside the obturator canal and supplied by the umbilical artery. Ann Anat; 2007;189(1):75-8
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  • Microscopically the benign soft tissue tumor was characterized by lobules of mature adipocytes and densely distributed networks of small and larger blood vessels, thus resembling typical histological features of an angiolipoma.

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  • (PMID = 17319612.001).
  • [ISSN] 0940-9602
  • [Journal-full-title] Annals of anatomy = Anatomischer Anzeiger : official organ of the Anatomische Gesellschaft
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Ann. Anat.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] Germany
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12. Jakab C, Rusvai M, Biró N, Szabó Z, Gálfi P, Kulka J: Claudin-5-positive angioleiomyoma in the uterus of a degu (Octodon degus ). Acta Vet Hung; 2010 Sep;58(3):331-40
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  • The histopathological diagnosis of this soft tissue mass was primary benign cavernous angioleiomyoma of the uterus.
  • During immunohistochemical analysis the neoplastic endothelial cells of this mixed mesenchymal tumour showed strong membrane positivity for the endothelial marker claudin-5 but were negative for CD31 (another endothelial marker).
  • The endothelial cells of the internal positive control tissues such as intact peritumoural vessels were positive for claudin-5 but negative for the CD31 endothelial marker.
  • As it has been described also in other species, it seems that claudin-5 is a better endothelial marker than CD31 for the detection of normal and neoplastic endothelial cells in different tissues of degus.
  • [MeSH-major] Angiomyoma / veterinary. Biomarkers, Tumor / metabolism. Membrane Proteins / metabolism. Octodon. Rodent Diseases / pathology. Uterine Neoplasms / veterinary

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  • (PMID = 20713324.001).
  • [ISSN] 0236-6290
  • [Journal-full-title] Acta veterinaria Hungarica
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Acta Vet. Hung.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Hungary
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Antigens, CD31; 0 / Biomarkers, Tumor; 0 / Membrane Proteins
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13. Sierota D, Stefanowicz J, Wierzba J, Adamkiewicz-Drozyńska E, Wybieralska-Dubaniewicz M, Kosiak W, Komasara L, Czauderna P, Izycka-Swieszewska E, Pilarska E, Birkholtz D, Stachowicz-Stencel T, Połczyńska K, Bień E, Szołkiewicz A, Stefanowicz A, Balcerska A: [Neurofibromatosis type 1 in children. Experiences of the Gdansk Paediatric Oncohaematology Centre. Preliminary results]. Med Wieku Rozwoj; 2007 Jul-Sep;11(3 Pt 2):307-12
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  • INTRODUCTION: Neurofibromatosis type 1 (NF1) is a frequent genetic disorder of autosomal-dominant pattern.
  • Patients with NF1 are predisposed to malignancies including soft tissue sarcomas and leukaemias.
  • Secondary symptoms and complications such as mental retardation (9 cases) and epilepsy (10 cases), cognitive disorders and learning disabilities (21), abnormalities in MRI examination (53), benign or malignant CNS tumours (9), scoliosis (99) were diagnosed.
  • In 5 patients malignant neoplasms occurred (3.4%) including: RMS--2 cases, Triton tumour--1 case, MPNST--1 case.
  • [MeSH-major] Neurofibromatosis 1 / diagnosis. Neurofibromatosis 1 / therapy. Physical Examination


14. Delaney D, Diss TC, Presneau N, Hing S, Berisha F, Idowu BD, O'Donnell P, Skinner JA, Tirabosco R, Flanagan AM: GNAS1 mutations occur more commonly than previously thought in intramuscular myxoma. Mod Pathol; 2009 May;22(5):718-24
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  • Mutation detection plays an important role in diagnostic pathology, not only in providing a tissue diagnosis, but also in predicting response to antitumourigenic agents.
  • Intramuscular myxoma is a rare benign soft tissue neoplasm that occurs sporadically and less commonly in association with fibrous dysplasia (Mazabraud's syndrome).
  • Mutations were detected in two cases where a diagnosis of low-grade myxofibrosarcoma had been favoured over intramuscular myxoma.
  • [MeSH-major] GTP-Binding Protein alpha Subunits, Gs / genetics. Myxoma / genetics. Polymerase Chain Reaction / methods. Soft Tissue Neoplasms / genetics
  • [MeSH-minor] Cold Temperature. DNA Mutational Analysis. Diagnosis, Differential. Fibrosarcoma / genetics. Fibrosarcoma / pathology. Humans. Mutation. Sensitivity and Specificity

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  • (PMID = 19287459.001).
  • [ISSN] 1530-0285
  • [Journal-full-title] Modern pathology : an official journal of the United States and Canadian Academy of Pathology, Inc
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Mod. Pathol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] EC 3.6.1.- / GNAS protein, human; EC 3.6.5.1 / GTP-Binding Protein alpha Subunits, Gs
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15. Tytherleigh MG, Birtle AJ, Cohen CE, Glynne-Jones R, Livingstone J, Gilbert J: Combined surgery and chemoradiation as a treatment for the Buschke-Löwenstein tumour. Surgeon; 2006 Dec;4(6):378-83
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  • [Title] Combined surgery and chemoradiation as a treatment for the Buschke-Löwenstein tumour.
  • BACKGROUND: The Buschke-Löwenstein tumour (BLT) or giant condyloma acuminata is a rare disease which affects the anogenital region.
  • Although histologically benign, it behaves in a malignant fashion, infiltrating the surrounding tissues.
  • The morbidity and mortality from this tumour is high, as is the risk of recurrence following treatment.
  • It lies on the continuum between the benign condylomata acuminata and squamous cell carcinoma.
  • CONCLUSION: Pre-operative chemoradiation has proved to be useful in management for histologically proven benign BLT
  • [MeSH-major] Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols / therapeutic use. Condylomata Acuminata / therapy. Neoadjuvant Therapy. Perineum / pathology. Perineum / surgery. Soft Tissue Neoplasms / therapy
  • [MeSH-minor] Abdominal Neoplasms / secondary. Abdominal Neoplasms / therapy. Adult. Anus Neoplasms / secondary. Anus Neoplasms / therapy. Carcinoma in Situ / pathology. Carcinoma in Situ / therapy. Carcinoma, Squamous Cell / therapy. Chemotherapy, Adjuvant. Cisplatin / administration & dosage. Fatal Outcome. Fluorouracil / administration & dosage. Humans. Male. Middle Aged. Neoplasm Recurrence, Local. Radiotherapy, Adjuvant. Rectal Neoplasms / secondary. Rectal Neoplasms / therapy

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  • (PMID = 17152203.001).
  • [ISSN] 1479-666X
  • [Journal-full-title] The surgeon : journal of the Royal Colleges of Surgeons of Edinburgh and Ireland
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Surgeon
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Scotland
  • [Chemical-registry-number] Q20Q21Q62J / Cisplatin; U3P01618RT / Fluorouracil
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16. Diniz MB, Giro Elisa MA, Zuanon Angela CC, Costa CA, Hebling J: Congenital epulis: a rare benign tumor in the newborn. J Indian Soc Pedod Prev Dent; 2010 Jul-Sep;28(3):230-3
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  • [Title] Congenital epulis: a rare benign tumor in the newborn.
  • Congenital epulis (CE) of the newborn is a rare benign soft tissue tumor that presents at birth.
  • A decisive diagnosis is made by histopathologic analysis as other newborn lesions can be incorrectly diagnosed as CE.
  • [MeSH-major] Gingival Neoplasms / congenital. Gingival Neoplasms / pathology

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  • (PMID = 21157060.001).
  • [ISSN] 0970-4388
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of the Indian Society of Pedodontics and Preventive Dentistry
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Indian Soc Pedod Prev Dent
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] India
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17. Harnisch H, Altermatt HJ, Bornstein MM: [Intraoral lipoma in the region of the mental nerve--report of a case and review of the literature]. Schweiz Monatsschr Zahnmed; 2007;117(4):372-86
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  • [Transliterated title] Intraorales Lipom im Bereich des Nervus mentalis. Ein Fallbericht mit Literaturübersicht.
  • The intraoral lipoma is a benign, slowly growing, painless soft tissue neoplasia, which can cause esthetic or functional problems for the patient, depending on its size.
  • Clinically, the tumour often exhibits an exophytic growth pattern, a soft consistency, a broad base connected to the underlying tissue, and frequently has a reddish-yellowish colour.
  • Instead of a superficial mucosal involvement, a deep localization in the soft tissues is also possible.
  • Depending on the localization of the tumour, the diagnosis and the resulting therapy can turn out to be a challenge for the clinician.
  • A clear differentiation to malign neoplasias of the fat tissues and other soft tissue expansions is essential.

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  • (PMID = 17484156.001).
  • [ISSN] 0256-2855
  • [Journal-full-title] Schweizer Monatsschrift fur Zahnmedizin = Revue mensuelle suisse d'odonto-stomatologie = Rivista mensile svizzera di odontologia e stomatologia
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Schweiz Monatsschr Zahnmed
  • [Language] FRE; GER
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; English Abstract; Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] Switzerland
  • [Number-of-references] 33
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18. Mitsionis G, Pakos EE, Gavriilidis I, Batistatou A: Cubital tunnel syndrome due to giant cell tumour of tendon sheaths. Hand Surg; 2006;11(1-2):89-91
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  • [Title] Cubital tunnel syndrome due to giant cell tumour of tendon sheaths.
  • Despite the fact that several pathgological entities can be potential mechanisms of the syndrome, the pathogenesis due to benign or malignant neoplasms is extremely rare.
  • In the present report we describe the first case of cubital tunnel syndrome due to giant cell tumour of the tendon sheaths.
  • [MeSH-major] Cubital Tunnel Syndrome / etiology. Elbow. Giant Cell Tumors / pathology. Soft Tissue Neoplasms / pathology. Tendons

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  • (PMID = 17080537.001).
  • [ISSN] 0218-8104
  • [Journal-full-title] Hand surgery : an international journal devoted to hand and upper limb surgery and related research : journal of the Asia-Pacific Federation of Societies for Surgery of the Hand
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Hand Surg
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Singapore
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19. Rose B, Tamvakopoulos GS, Yeung E, Pollock R, Skinner J, Briggs T, Cannon S: Granular cell tumours: a rare entity in the musculoskeletal system. Sarcoma; 2009;2009:765927
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  • Granular Cell Tumours are rare mesenchymal soft tissue tumours that arise throughout the body and are believed to be of neural origin.
  • They often present as asymptomatic, slow-growing, benign, solitary lesions but may be multifocal.
  • We identified eleven cases in ten patients treated surgically and followed-up for a period of over 6 years in our regional bone and soft tissue tumour centre.
  • Histopathological and immunohistochemical analysis revealed the classical granular cell tumour features in all cases.
  • We believe this case series to be the largest of its type in patients presenting to an orthopaedic soft tissue tumour unit.
  • We present our findings and correlate them with findings of other series in the literature.

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  • (PMID = 20169099.001).
  • [ISSN] 1369-1643
  • [Journal-full-title] Sarcoma
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Sarcoma
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Egypt
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC2821775
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20. Bara T, Bancu S, Bara T Jr, Mureşan M, Bancu L, Azamfirei L, Podeanu D, Mureşan S: [Gastric stromal tumor with liver and subcutaneus metastasis. Case report]. Chirurgia (Bucur); 2009 Sep-Oct;104(5):621-4
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  • [Title] [Gastric stromal tumor with liver and subcutaneus metastasis. Case report].
  • [Transliterated title] Tumoră stromală gastrică cu metastaze hepatice şi subcutanate. Prezentare de caz.
  • Very importants factors for grading are the tumour localisation, the invasion of serosa or mucosa, the dimensions of tumour and the number of mytosis.
  • We present a case with haemoragic gastric stromal tumour, with small dimensions, which was initially diagnosed as a "benign" tumour.
  • CONCLUSIONS: The gastrointestinals stromal tumours represent a very rare group of digestive tract tumors, with malignant potentially evolution; the first choice of treatment is surgery, with complete ablation of the tumour.
  • [MeSH-major] Gastrointestinal Stromal Tumors / secondary. Liver Neoplasms / secondary. Soft Tissue Neoplasms / secondary. Stomach Neoplasms / pathology

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  • (PMID = 19943565.001).
  • [ISSN] 1221-9118
  • [Journal-full-title] Chirurgia (Bucharest, Romania : 1990)
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Chirurgia (Bucur)
  • [Language] rum
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Romania
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21. Bernard-Pierrot I, Brams A, Dunois-Lardé C, Caillault A, Diez de Medina SG, Cappellen D, Graff G, Thiery JP, Chopin D, Ricol D, Radvanyi F: Oncogenic properties of the mutated forms of fibroblast growth factor receptor 3b. Carcinogenesis; 2006 Apr;27(4):740-7
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  • Surprisingly, identical somatic activating mutations have been found at the somatic level in tumours: at high frequency in benign epithelial tumours (seborrheic keratosis, urothelial papilloma) and in low-grade, low-stage urothelial carcinomas, and at a lower frequency in other types of urothelial carcinoma, in cervix carcinoma, and in haematological cancer, multiple myeloma.
  • FGFR3 exists as two isoforms, FGFR3b and FGFR3c, differs in ligand specificity and tissue expression.
  • Although mutated FGFR3b is mostly found in benign epithelial tumours or carcinomas of low malignant potential, we present evidence here that mutated FGFR3b is oncogenic.
  • NIH-3T3 cells transfected with a mutated form of FGFR3b--FGFR3b-S249C, the most common mutation in bladder tumours--presented a spindle-cell morphology, grew in soft agar and gave rise to tumours when xenografted into nude mice.
  • We showed using siRNA and SU5402, an FGFR inhibitor, that the tumour properties of MGH-U3 depended on mutated receptor activity.
  • [MeSH-major] Cell Transformation, Neoplastic / genetics. Urinary Bladder Neoplasms / genetics

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  • (PMID = 16338952.001).
  • [ISSN] 0143-3334
  • [Journal-full-title] Carcinogenesis
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Carcinogenesis
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Protein Isoforms; 0 / Pyrroles; 0 / RNA, Small Interfering; 0 / SU 5402; EC 2.7.10.1 / Receptor, Fibroblast Growth Factor, Type 3
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22. Agaimy A, Wünsch PH, Schroeder J, Gaumann A, Dietmaier W, Hartmann A, Hofstaedter F, Mentzel T: Low-grade abdominopelvic sarcoma with myofibroblastic features (low-grade myofibroblastic sarcoma): clinicopathological, immunohistochemical, molecular genetic and ultrastructural study of two cases with literature review. J Clin Pathol; 2008 Mar;61(3):301-6
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  • AIMS: Low-grade myofibroblastic sarcoma (LGMS) represents a rare soft tissue neoplasm with a predilection for the head and neck.
  • Genomic DNA was isolated from microdissected formalin-fixed paraffin-embedded tumour tissue and examined for KIT and PDGFRA mutations by PCR and direct sequencing of KIT and PDGFRA.
  • The tumour cells strongly expressed vimentin, variably alpha-smooth muscle actin and fibronectin, but were negative for CD117, S-100, desmin, h-caldesmon, beta-catenin, ALK-1, MDM2, PDGFRalpha and PDGFRbeta.
  • One tumour showed a weak expression of CD34.
  • LGMS may mimic a variety of benign and low-grade malignant neoplasms and might be under-recognised.
  • [MeSH-major] Neoplasm Recurrence, Local / ultrastructure. Peritoneal Neoplasms / ultrastructure. Sarcoma / ultrastructure. Soft Tissue Neoplasms / ultrastructure
  • [MeSH-minor] Actins / analysis. Aged. Biomarkers, Tumor / analysis. DNA Mutational Analysis. Female. Fibronectins / analysis. Humans. Immunohistochemistry. Mesentery. Middle Aged. Mitotic Index. Pelvis. Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-kit / genetics. Receptor, Platelet-Derived Growth Factor alpha / genetics. Vimentin / analysis

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  • (PMID = 17513510.001).
  • [ISSN] 1472-4146
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of clinical pathology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Clin. Pathol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Actins; 0 / Biomarkers, Tumor; 0 / Fibronectins; 0 / Vimentin; EC 2.7.10.1 / Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-kit; EC 2.7.10.1 / Receptor, Platelet-Derived Growth Factor alpha
  • [Number-of-references] 38
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23. Dimitrakopoulos I, Lasaridis N, Asimaki A: Primary malignant peripheral nerve sheath tumour in the temporalis muscle. J Craniomaxillofac Surg; 2008 Jul;36(5):300-3
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  • [Title] Primary malignant peripheral nerve sheath tumour in the temporalis muscle.
  • INTRODUCTION: Primary malignant neoplasms of nerve sheath origin are rare, highly aggressive tumours that account for no more than 5% of all soft tissue sarcomas.
  • In the head and neck where the great majority of peripheral nerve neoplasms are benign, as in the rest of the body, malignant peripheral nerve sheath tumours (MPNSTs) are unusual lesions.
  • DISCUSSION: The clinicopathologic properties of this neoplasm have been widely discussed and the emphasis is on the need for its early identification since the tumour's non-specific symptoms may result in delayed diagnosis and treatment.
  • The rarity of the tumour along with its clinical appearance and the vague symptoms may result in delayed referral and thus the tumour being quite large when diagnosed.
  • [MeSH-major] Muscle Neoplasms / pathology. Nerve Sheath Neoplasms / pathology. Temporal Muscle / pathology
  • [MeSH-minor] Aged. Fatal Outcome. Humans. Male. Neoplasm Recurrence, Local / surgery

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  • (PMID = 18367405.001).
  • [ISSN] 1010-5182
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of cranio-maxillo-facial surgery : official publication of the European Association for Cranio-Maxillo-Facial Surgery
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Craniomaxillofac Surg
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Scotland
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24. Forsyth SF, Thompson KG, French AF, Halsey TR: Possible parachordoma in a dog. N Z Vet J; 2009 Oct;57(5):299-302
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  • CASE HISTORY: A 15-mm diameter mass developed in the S/C tissue overlying the right lateral gluteal muscle of a 6(1/2)-year-old female Flat-coated Retriever.
  • Histologically, the neoplasm consisted of similar large cells surrounded by thick fibrous connective tissue trabeculae.
  • DIAGNOSIS: The clinical, gross, histological and immunohistochemical findings are similar to those reported for parachordomas in humans.
  • CLINICAL RELEVANCE: This is the first reported case of a possible parachordoma in a dog, a benign tumour with cytological features of malignancy.
  • [MeSH-major] Dog Diseases / pathology. Neoplasms / veterinary. Soft Tissue Neoplasms / pathology

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  • (PMID = 19802045.001).
  • [ISSN] 0048-0169
  • [Journal-full-title] New Zealand veterinary journal
  • [ISO-abbreviation] N Z Vet J
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] New Zealand
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25. Klijanienko J, Caillaud JM, Lagacé R: Cytohistologic correlations in schwannomas (neurilemmomas), including "ancient," cellular, and epithelioid variants. Diagn Cytopathol; 2006 Aug;34(8):517-22
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  • Schwannoma accounts for one of the most common benign mesenchymal neoplasms of soft tissues.
  • Original cytologic diagnosis was schwannoma in 13 (38.2%) cases, benign soft tissue tumor in 11 (32.4%), pleomorphic adenoma in 2 (6%) cases, angioma in 1 (2.9%) case, nodular fasciitis in 1 (2.9%) case, suspicious in 3 (8.8%) cases, and not satisfactory in 3 (8.8%) cases.
  • Similarly, cyto-nuclear atypia was more frequent in classical subtype than in other subtypes.
  • Schwannoma should be differentiated from well-differentiated malignant peripheral nerve sheath tumor, neurofibroma, and pleomorphic adenoma, in the last instance particularly for head and neck lesions.
  • [MeSH-major] Head and Neck Neoplasms / pathology. Neurilemmoma / pathology
  • [MeSH-minor] Adolescent. Adult. Aged. Aged, 80 and over. Biopsy, Fine-Needle. Diagnosis, Differential. Female. Humans. Male. Middle Aged. Reproducibility of Results

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  • [Copyright] (c) 2006 Wiley-Liss, Inc.
  • (PMID = 16850489.001).
  • [ISSN] 8755-1039
  • [Journal-full-title] Diagnostic cytopathology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Diagn. Cytopathol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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26. Vasconez HC, Nisanci M, Lee EY: Giant cell tumour of the flexor tendon sheath of the foot. J Plast Reconstr Aesthet Surg; 2008 Jul;61(7):815-8
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  • [Title] Giant cell tumour of the flexor tendon sheath of the foot.
  • Giant cell tumour of tendon sheath (GCTTS) is a benign, soft-tissue tumour arising from synovial cells of tendon sheaths.
  • A 40-year-old Russian white female presented to the clinic with a slightly painful soft tissue mass in her right foot along the medial aspect of her ankle.
  • Interpretation of the magnetic resonance imaging failed to include giant cell tumours in the preoperative differential diagnosis.
  • Considering the proximity of the tumour to important anatomic structures, less radical but grossly complete excision was employed, followed by appropriate periodic re-evaluation.
  • Our case presents an unusual occurrence of this tumour with medial localisation of the lesion in the foot, extending through the tarsal tunnel.
  • [MeSH-major] Foot. Giant Cell Tumors / surgery. Soft Tissue Neoplasms / surgery. Tendons

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  • (PMID = 17512270.001).
  • [ISSN] 1878-0539
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of plastic, reconstructive & aesthetic surgery : JPRAS
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Plast Reconstr Aesthet Surg
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Netherlands
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27. Sargenti-Neto S, Brazão-Silva MT, do Nascimento Souza KC, de Faria PR, Durighetto-Júnior AF, Loyola AM, Cardoso SV: Multicentric granular cell tumor: report of a patient with oral and cutaneous lesions. Br J Oral Maxillofac Surg; 2009 Jan;47(1):62-4
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  • [Title] Multicentric granular cell tumor: report of a patient with oral and cutaneous lesions.
  • Granular cell tumor (GCT) is an uncommon benign neoplasm of soft tissue that characteristically affects the oral cavity, with increased frequency in the tongue.
  • [MeSH-major] Granular Cell Tumor / pathology. Lip Neoplasms / pathology. Neoplasms, Multiple Primary / pathology. Skin Neoplasms / pathology. Tongue Neoplasms / pathology
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Female. Genital Neoplasms, Female / surgery. Humans. Neoplasm Recurrence, Local. Perineum / pathology. Perineum / surgery

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  • (PMID = 18976838.001).
  • [ISSN] 1532-1940
  • [Journal-full-title] The British journal of oral & maxillofacial surgery
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Br J Oral Maxillofac Surg
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] Scotland
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28. Trivedi A, Patel J: A rare case of inflammatory pseudotumour of the submandibular lymphnode. Indian J Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg; 2006 Oct;58(4):408-9
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  • Inflammatory pseudotumour (IPT), also known as inflammatory myofibroblastic tumour, is a rare cause of benign cervical lymphadenopathy.
  • The combined clinical history, histopathological findings, and imaging features of an infiltrating soft-tissue mass should lead to the possibility of IPT.
  • Radical surgery should be avoided before there is histological proof of a malignant tumor.

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  • [Cites] Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 1993 Sep;109(3 Pt 1):548-51 [8414578.001]
  • [Cites] Int J Pediatr Otorhinolaryngol. 2003 Jun;67(6):649-53 [12745159.001]
  • [Cites] AJNR Am J Neuroradiol. 2001 Aug;22(7):1394-7 [11498435.001]
  • (PMID = 23120369.001).
  • [ISSN] 2231-3796
  • [Journal-full-title] Indian journal of otolaryngology and head and neck surgery : official publication of the Association of Otolaryngologists of India
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Indian J Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] India
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC3450364
  • [Keywords] NOTNLM ; Inflammatory pseudotumour / radio-patho findings / steroids / submandibular lymphnode
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29. Dong MJ, Zhou GY: [Imaging diagnosis of hemangioma in infants]. Shanghai Kou Qiang Yi Xue; 2008 Apr;17(2):221-4
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  • [Title] [Imaging diagnosis of hemangioma in infants].
  • Hemangioma is the most commonly benign tumor of soft tissue tumors in infants.
  • In this article, the current situation of application with all imaging examinations used in diagnosis of hemangioma is reviewed.
  • [MeSH-major] Hemangioma / diagnosis

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  • (PMID = 18470434.001).
  • [ISSN] 1006-7248
  • [Journal-full-title] Shanghai kou qiang yi xue = Shanghai journal of stomatology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Shanghai Kou Qiang Yi Xue
  • [Language] chi
  • [Publication-type] English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] China
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30. O'Sullivan PJ, Harris AC, Munk PL: Radiological features of synovial cell sarcoma. Br J Radiol; 2008 Apr;81(964):346-56
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  • Synovial cell sarcoma is an uncommon soft-tissue malignant tumour.
  • These tumours have common radiological features with a variety of both benign and malignant lesions.
  • However, there is a variety of imaging findings that can suggest a pre-biopsy diagnosis of synovial cell sarcoma.
  • This pictorial review aims to describe the imaging features of synovial sarcoma in a series of cases with various age ranges and tumour locations.
  • [MeSH-major] Sarcoma, Synovial / diagnosis. Soft Tissue Neoplasms / diagnosis
  • [MeSH-minor] Adolescent. Adult. Aged. Female. Head and Neck Neoplasms / diagnosis. Head and Neck Neoplasms / therapy. Heart Neoplasms / diagnosis. Heart Neoplasms / therapy. Humans. Lower Extremity. Magnetic Resonance Imaging. Male. Middle Aged. Pericardium. Prognosis. Thoracic Neoplasms / diagnosis. Thoracic Neoplasms / therapy. Thoracic Wall. Tomography, X-Ray Computed. Upper Extremity

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  • (PMID = 18250123.001).
  • [ISSN] 1748-880X
  • [Journal-full-title] The British journal of radiology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Br J Radiol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Number-of-references] 21
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31. Hoey ET, Mankad K, Puppala S, Gopalan D, Sivananthan MU: MRI and CT appearances of cardiac tumours in adults. Clin Radiol; 2009 Dec;64(12):1214-30
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  • Myxoma is the commonest benign primary tumour and sarcomas account for the majority of malignant lesions.
  • Imaging plays a central role in their evaluation, and familiarity with characteristic features is essential to generate a meaningful differential diagnosis.
  • [MeSH-major] Heart Neoplasms / diagnosis. Magnetic Resonance Imaging. Tomography, X-Ray Computed
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Aged. Contrast Media. Diagnosis, Differential. Electrocardiography. Female. Fibroma / diagnosis. Heart Diseases / diagnosis. Hemangioma / diagnosis. Humans. Lipoma / diagnosis. Lymphoma / diagnosis. Male. Middle Aged. Myxoma / diagnosis. Neoplasms, Connective and Soft Tissue / diagnosis. Papilloma / diagnosis. Paraganglioma / diagnosis. Sarcoma / diagnosis. Thrombosis / diagnosis. Young Adult

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  • (PMID = 19913133.001).
  • [ISSN] 1365-229X
  • [Journal-full-title] Clinical radiology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Clin Radiol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Contrast Media
  • [Number-of-references] 74
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32. Ausmus GG, Piliang MP, Bergfeld WF, Goldblum JR: Soft-tissue perineurioma in a 20-year-old patient with neurofibromatosis type 1 (NF1): report of a case and review of the literature. J Cutan Pathol; 2007 Sep;34(9):726-30
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  • [Title] Soft-tissue perineurioma in a 20-year-old patient with neurofibromatosis type 1 (NF1): report of a case and review of the literature.
  • BACKGROUND: Perineurioma is a rare benign soft-tissue tumor composed of cells showing differentiation toward the perineurial cells of the nerve sheath.
  • Although mutations in the neurofibromatosis 2 (NF2) gene have been documented in this tumor, there is no known association between perineuriomas and type 1 or 2 NF.
  • METHODS: This is the first report of a case of soft-tissue perineurioma occurring in a patient with NF1.
  • RESULTS: Histopathologic examination revealed a 2.0-cm well-circumscribed, spindle-cell neoplasm with slender, elongated, bipolar, wavy cytoplasmic processes and wavy, elongated nuclei in a hyalinized stroma with focal myxoid areas.
  • Perineuriomas can be confused with other spindle-cell neoplasms, and relevant features and immunohistochemistry of these lesions are outlined.
  • [MeSH-major] Nerve Sheath Neoplasms / pathology. Neurofibromatosis 1 / pathology. Soft Tissue Neoplasms / pathology
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Biomarkers, Tumor / metabolism. Female. Humans. Mucin-1 / metabolism. Thorax. Tomography, X-Ray Computed. Treatment Outcome


33. Thway K, Fisher C: Histopathological diagnostic discrepancies in soft tissue tumours referred to a specialist centre. Sarcoma; 2009;2009:741975
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Histopathological diagnostic discrepancies in soft tissue tumours referred to a specialist centre.
  • Aims. A study was performed to determine areas of diagnostic discrepancy in the reporting of cases of soft tissue tumours referred to a specialist sarcoma unit.
  • We compared the sarcoma unit's histopathology reports with referring reports on 349 specimens from 277 patients with suspected or proven soft tissue tumours in a one-year period.
  • Benign/malignant discordances accounted for only 5% of all discrepancies (5 cases).
  • The most common discrepancies occurred in tumour classification, including diagnosis of gastrointestinal stromal tumour and leiomyosarcoma and the subtyping of spindle cell sarcomas, as well as in tumour grading that could conceivably lead to changes in clinical management.
  • Major diagnostic discrepancies leading to management change occurred in a relatively select range of tumour groups, and almost all discrepancies occurred due to differences in tumour interpretation between general or nonsoft tissue pathologists, and pathologists at the specialist unit.
  • The findings support guidelines by the National Institute for Health and Clinical Excellence that diagnostic review of soft tissue tumours should be performed by specialist soft tissue pathologists.

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  • (PMID = 19503800.001).
  • [ISSN] 1357-714X
  • [Journal-full-title] Sarcoma
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Sarcoma
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Egypt
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC2688650
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34. Flucke U, Hulsebos TJ, van Krieken JH, Mentzel T: Myxoid epithelioid sarcoma: a diagnostic challenge. A report on six cases. Histopathology; 2010 Nov;57(5):753-9
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  • The neoplasms arose in an extremity (two cases), the abdominal wall, groin, perineum and shoulder (one case each).
  • The tumour stroma, however, revealed prominent myxoid changes, ranging from 50 to 90% (median: 75%).
  • Only one of the proximal type ES showed a SMARCB1 mutation, whereas the other tumours showed no mutation.
  • CONCLUSIONS: The myxoid variant of ES represents a diagnostic challenge and may be confused with other benign and malignant myxoid neoplasms.
  • The main differential diagnosis is myoepithelioma of the skin and soft tissue.

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  • [Copyright] © 2010 Blackwell Publishing Limited.
  • (PMID = 21083605.001).
  • [ISSN] 1365-2559
  • [Journal-full-title] Histopathology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Histopathology
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Chromosomal Proteins, Non-Histone; 0 / DNA-Binding Proteins; 0 / SMARCB1 protein, human; 0 / Transcription Factors
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35. Neufeld M, Medlicott S, Nickerson D: Case of hibernoma in the right supraclavicular fossa. Can J Plast Surg; 2005;13(1):33-5
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  • Gross intraoperative findings were inconsistent with lipoma, and subsequent pathological evaluation revealed the mass to be a hibernoma (a benign, brown adipose tumour).
  • The incidence, etiology, presentation, pathology and imaging characteristics of this somewhat rare soft tissue tumour are reviewed.

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  • (PMID = 24223000.001).
  • [ISSN] 1195-2199
  • [Journal-full-title] The Canadian journal of plastic surgery = Journal canadien de chirurgie plastique
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Can J Plast Surg
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Canada
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC3822477
  • [Keywords] NOTNLM ; Fatty tumour / Hibernoma / Lipoma / Pleomorphic
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36. Takahara M, Ichikawa R, Oda Y, Uchi H, Takeuchi S, Moroi Y, Kiryu H, Furue M: Desmoplastic fibroblastoma: a case presenting as a protruding nodule in the dermis. J Cutan Pathol; 2008 Oct;35 Suppl 1:70-3
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  • Desmoplastic fibroblastoma is a rare, benign, soft tissue tumor.
  • Histological examination from total excision showed a well-circumscribed tumor in the dermis, which comprised of spindle, oval and stellate cells arranged in a haphazard fashion, accompanied by abundant collagenous stroma and inconspicuous vasculature.
  • Immunohistochemically, the tumor cells were positive for vimentin, and focally positive for alpha-smooth muscle actin and muscle-specific actin, but negative for CD34, S-100 protein, desmin and beta-catenin.
  • We diagnosed this case as desmoplastic fibroblastoma arising in the dermis and superficial subcutaneous tissue.
  • [MeSH-major] Fibroma / pathology. Soft Tissue Neoplasms / pathology

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  • [Copyright] Copyright Blackwell Munksgaard 2008.
  • (PMID = 18544056.001).
  • [ISSN] 1600-0560
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of cutaneous pathology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Cutan. Pathol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Denmark
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37. De Riu G, Meloni SM, Gobbi R, Contini M, Tullio A: Soft-tissue chondroma of the masticatory space. Int J Oral Maxillofac Surg; 2007 Feb;36(2):174-6
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  • [Title] Soft-tissue chondroma of the masticatory space.
  • Soft-tissue chondroma is an infrequent, benign, cartilaginous tumour that is uncommon in the head and neck region.
  • Single-location chondromas rarely evolve into malignant neoplasms.
  • There have been a few reports published of cases of soft-tissue chondroma of the neck and parapharyngeal space.
  • Here is described a new location of this tumour in the masticatory space.
  • [MeSH-major] Chondroma / pathology. Head and Neck Neoplasms / pathology. Soft Tissue Neoplasms / pathology
  • [MeSH-minor] Humans. Male. Middle Aged. Oropharyngeal Neoplasms / pathology

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  • (PMID = 17008056.001).
  • [ISSN] 0901-5027
  • [Journal-full-title] International journal of oral and maxillofacial surgery
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Int J Oral Maxillofac Surg
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Denmark
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38. Karwacki MW, Woźniak W: [Neurofibromatosis--an inborn genetic disorder with susceptibility to neoplasia]. Med Wieku Rozwoj; 2006 Jul-Sep;10(3 Pt 2):923-48
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  • [Title] [Neurofibromatosis--an inborn genetic disorder with susceptibility to neoplasia].
  • Both are autosomal dominant disorders with 100% penetration, variable expression and 50% rate of new (de novo) mutations.
  • The protein products of both, NF1 andNF2 genes are best known and the genes serve as tumour suppressors.
  • Mutations result in a predisposition to develop a variety of tumours of the central and peripheral nervous systems, as well as other malignancies.
  • Nf-2 is a multisystem genetic disorder associated with bilateral vestibular schwannomas, spinal cord schwannomas, meningiomas, gliomas, and juvenile cataracts with a paucity of cutaneous features, which are seen more consistently in Nf-1.
  • In contrast to Nf-1, Nf-2 is associated with significant morbidity and decreased life span and a higher incidence of CNS tumours.
  • Optic gliomas and both malignant and benign peripheral nerve sheet tumours are the most common malignancies arising in Nf-1 patients.
  • [MeSH-major] Genes, Neurofibromatosis 1. Genes, Neurofibromatosis 2. Neurofibromatoses / diagnosis. Neurofibromatoses / genetics
  • [MeSH-minor] Comorbidity. Cranial Nerve Neoplasms / diagnosis. Cranial Nerve Neoplasms / epidemiology. Cranial Nerve Neoplasms / genetics. Genetic Predisposition to Disease. Humans. Neurofibromatosis 1 / diagnosis. Neurofibromatosis 1 / genetics. Neurofibromatosis 2 / diagnosis. Neurofibromatosis 2 / genetics. Optic Nerve Diseases / diagnosis. Optic Nerve Diseases / genetics. Pigmentation Disorders / diagnosis. Pigmentation Disorders / genetics. Scoliosis / diagnosis. Scoliosis / epidemiology. Scoliosis / genetics. Skin Neoplasms / diagnosis. Skin Neoplasms / epidemiology. Skin Neoplasms / genetics. Soft Tissue Neoplasms / diagnosis. Soft Tissue Neoplasms / epidemiology. Soft Tissue Neoplasms / genetics. Spinal Cord Neoplasms / diagnosis. Spinal Cord Neoplasms / epidemiology. Spinal Cord Neoplasms / genetics


39. Chand K, Bhardwaj RK, Rappai TJ: Study of 7 Cases of Giant Cell Tumor of Soft Tissue. Med J Armed Forces India; 2006 Apr;62(2):138-40
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  • [Title] Study of 7 Cases of Giant Cell Tumor of Soft Tissue.
  • BACKGROUND: Primary giant cell tumour of soft tissues is a distinct but uncommon group of neoplasms morphologically identical to osseous giant cell tumor.
  • METHODS: 7 patients with painless growing soft tissue mass, having no attachment to underlying bone, were identified in a four years retrospective study from two zonal hospitals of armed forces.
  • Histologic transition between benign and malignant lesion was present in only one of the 7 patients that recurred after three months of surgery for which she had to be operated again.
  • CONCLUSION: Primary giant cell tumour of soft tissues usually present as a painless mass and needs to be differentiated from other giant cell rich soft tissue tumors.
  • Benign clinical course is expected if the lesion is excised adequately.

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  • (PMID = 27407881.001).
  • [ISSN] 0377-1237
  • [Journal-full-title] Medical journal, Armed Forces India
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Med J Armed Forces India
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] India
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC4921971
  • [Keywords] NOTNLM ; Giant cell tumour of bone / Giant cell tumour of soft tissue / Malignant fibrous histiocytoma
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40. Schmidt JM, North SM, Freeman KP, Ramiro-Ibañez F: Feline paediatric oncology: retrospective assessment of 233 tumours from cats up to one year (1993 to 2008). J Small Anim Pract; 2010 Jun;51(6):306-11
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  • OBJECTIVES: To determine which types of tumour occur in cats up to the age of 12 months based on biopsies submitted to Idexx Laboratories, Wetherby, UK.
  • Tumours were categorised as haematopoietic (n=73, 31%), malignant epithelial (n=44; 19%), malignant mesenchymal (n=38; 16%), benign epithelial (n=37; 16%), benign mesenchymal (n=30, 13%) and miscellaneous (n=11; 5%).
  • The most frequent tumours were lymphoma (n=51; 22%), soft-tissue sarcoma (n=34; 15%), mast cell tumour (n=22; 9%) and squamous cell carcinoma (n=16; 7%).
  • The most common tumour site was the skin and soft tissues (41% of tumours).
  • In all, 164 neoplasms (70%) were malignant or had malignant potential.
  • [MeSH-major] Cat Diseases / pathology. Neoplasms / pathology

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  • (PMID = 20492453.001).
  • [ISSN] 1748-5827
  • [Journal-full-title] The Journal of small animal practice
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Small Anim Pract
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] England
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41. Araki M, Matsumoto K, Matsumoto N, Honda K, Ohki H, Komiyama K: Unusual radiographic appearance of ossifying fibroma in the left mandibular angle. Dentomaxillofac Radiol; 2010 Jul;39(5):314-9
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  • Radiographically, the lesion had some features of a benign tumour, such as an odontogenic myxoma.
  • A hard tissue component was confirmed only by soft-tissue mode CT.
  • [MeSH-major] Fibroma, Ossifying / radiography. Mandibular Neoplasms / radiography. Radiography, Panoramic
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Biopsy. Collagen. Diagnosis, Differential. Female. Humans. Jaw Cysts / radiography. Molar / radiography. Molar, Third / radiography. Odontogenic Tumors / radiography. Osteoblasts / pathology. Tomography, X-Ray Computed. Tooth Apex / radiography

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  • [Cites] Oral Surg Oral Med Oral Pathol Oral Radiol Endod. 2000 Apr;89(4):509-18 [10760735.001]
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  • (PMID = 20587656.001).
  • [ISSN] 0250-832X
  • [Journal-full-title] Dento maxillo facial radiology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Dentomaxillofac Radiol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 9007-34-5 / Collagen
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC3520244
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42. Della Volpe C, Salazard B, Casanova D, Vacheret H, Bartoli JF, Magalon G: Hibernoma of the antero-lateral thigh. Br J Plast Surg; 2005 Sep;58(6):859-61
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  • Hibernoma is a rare benign tumour of brown fat.
  • We report a case of a hibernoma on the thigh and present the diagnostic and therapeutic elements of this type of tumour, whose differential diagnosis of liposarcoma.
  • [MeSH-major] Lipoma / diagnosis. Soft Tissue Neoplasms / diagnosis
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Diagnosis, Differential. Female. Humans. Liposarcoma / diagnosis. Magnetic Resonance Imaging. Thigh. Tomography, X-Ray Computed

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  • (PMID = 15950954.001).
  • [ISSN] 0007-1226
  • [Journal-full-title] British journal of plastic surgery
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Br J Plast Surg
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] England
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43. Minagawa T, Matsushita K, Shimada R, Takayama H, Hiraga R, Uehara T, Murata Y: Aggressive angiomyxoma mimicking inguinal hernia in a man. Int J Clin Oncol; 2009 Aug;14(4):365-8
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  • Local excision was performed, with a preoperative diagnosis of benign soft tissue tumor.
  • Histopathological diagnosis revealed aggressive angiomyxoma (AAM), and no recurrence was observed 6 months after surgery.
  • AAM is a rare tumor which most commonly occurs in the pelvis or perineum of premenopausal women, with extremely rare cases in men.
  • The findings from previously reported cases and our case suggest that AAM should be considered in patients with an inguinal or scrotal swelling with a suspicious soft tissue tumor.
  • [MeSH-major] Hernia, Inguinal / diagnosis. Myxoma / pathology. Soft Tissue Neoplasms / pathology
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Biopsy. Diagnosis, Differential. Humans. Magnetic Resonance Imaging. Male. Treatment Outcome

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  • (PMID = 19705250.001).
  • [ISSN] 1437-7772
  • [Journal-full-title] International journal of clinical oncology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Int. J. Clin. Oncol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Japan
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44. Syed A, Iraqi AA, Azam Q, Ahmad S: Lipoblastoma--a rare paediatric foot tumour. Acta Orthop Belg; 2007 Jun;73(3):400-2
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  • [Title] Lipoblastoma--a rare paediatric foot tumour.
  • Lipoblastoma, a rare benign tumour arising from embryonic fat, is usually found in areas of abundant adipose tissue.
  • Various reports describe a predilection of lipoblastoma for sites with primitive adipose tissue such as axilla, neck, retroperitoneum and prevertebral soft tissue.
  • The plantar aspect of the foot is an extremely rare site due to scarcity of fatty tissue.
  • Differential diagnosis includes lipomas, fibromyxolipomas and liposarcomas.
  • Age of presentation, chromosomal markers and histopathological examination help in arriving at final diagnosis.

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  • (PMID = 17715735.001).
  • [ISSN] 0001-6462
  • [Journal-full-title] Acta orthopaedica Belgica
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Acta Orthop Belg
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Belgium
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45. Pellegrino M, Vadrucci S, Tinelli A: [Angiomyofibroblastoma of the vulva: a rare but distinct entity. Case report and literature review]. Pathologica; 2007 Dec;99(6):438-9
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  • Angiomyofibroblastoma is a benign vulvar tumour involving soft tissue that is characterized by alternating hypocellular and hypercellular areas of spindle stromal cells, admixed and aggregated around blood vessels.
  • It is important to recognize this entity as it shows benign behaviour with respect to other mesenchymal tumours of the vagina, which have a more aggressive behaviour.
  • [MeSH-major] Angiofibroma / pathology. Angiomyoma / pathology. Hemangioblastoma / pathology. Neoplasms, Second Primary / pathology. Vulvar Neoplasms / pathology
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Antigens, CD34 / analysis. Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols / therapeutic use. Biomarkers, Tumor. Breast Neoplasms / drug therapy. Breast Neoplasms / surgery. Combined Modality Therapy. Female. Humans. Lymphoma, Large B-Cell, Diffuse / drug therapy. Lymphoma, Large B-Cell, Diffuse / surgery. Neoplasm Proteins / analysis. Receptors, Estrogen / analysis

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  • (PMID = 18416337.001).
  • [ISSN] 0031-2983
  • [Journal-full-title] Pathologica
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Pathologica
  • [Language] ita
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; English Abstract; Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] Italy
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Antigens, CD34; 0 / Biomarkers, Tumor; 0 / Neoplasm Proteins; 0 / Receptors, Estrogen
  • [Number-of-references] 7
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46. Saleh MM, Yassin AH, Zaklama MS: Recurrent angiomyofibroblastoma of the vagina: a case report. Eur J Gynaecol Oncol; 2007;28(4):324
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  • Angiomyofibroblastoma is a rare tumour of the superficial soft tissue of the pelvis and perineum.
  • It is considered to be a slowly growing benign tumour.
  • We report a recurrent case of this tumour with no evidence of malignant transformation.
  • [MeSH-major] Neoplasm Recurrence, Local / pathology. Neoplasms, Muscle Tissue / pathology. Vaginal Neoplasms / pathology

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  • (PMID = 17713105.001).
  • [ISSN] 0392-2936
  • [Journal-full-title] European journal of gynaecological oncology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Eur. J. Gynaecol. Oncol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Italy
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47. Khan N, Sood P, Vasenwala SM, Afroz N, Verma AK: Significance of AgNOR score in benign and malignant soft tissue tumours. Indian J Pathol Microbiol; 2006 Jan;49(1):17-20
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  • [Title] Significance of AgNOR score in benign and malignant soft tissue tumours.
  • AgNOR staining was employed on FNAC and histopathological sections obtained from patients with soft tissue tumours.
  • The study comprised of 20 normal appearing soft tissues, 74 benign and 36 malignant soft tissue tumours.
  • The slides were stained with AgNOR in order to differentiate between benign and malignant soft tissue tumours.
  • The mean AgNOR count in normal appearing soft tissues, benign lesions and malignant lesions was 1.04+/-0.10 (0.94-1.14), 1.51+/-0.21 (1.1-2.1) and 4.96+/-1.33 (2.57-7.21) respectively.
  • The mean AgNOR count was found to be higher in benign soft tissue tumours as compared to normal appearing soft tissues and the difference was found to be statistically significant.
  • The mean AgNOR count in soft tissue sarcomas was found to be higher as compared to both normal appearing soft tissues and benign soft tissue tumours and the results were found to be statistically significant.
  • The increased AgNOR score in both benign and malignant soft tissue tumours as compared to normal appearing soft tissues indicates high proliferative activity.
  • Thus AgNOR staining is a simple and useful method for estimating tumour cell proliferation thereby differentiating normal appearing soft tissues from benign and malignant soft tissue tumours.
  • [MeSH-major] Antigens, Nuclear / analysis. Histocytochemistry / methods. Nuclear Proteins / analysis. Soft Tissue Neoplasms / diagnosis. Soft Tissue Neoplasms / pathology

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  • (PMID = 16625965.001).
  • [ISSN] 0377-4929
  • [Journal-full-title] Indian journal of pathology & microbiology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Indian J Pathol Microbiol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Comparative Study; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] India
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Antigens, Nuclear; 0 / Nuclear Proteins; 0 / nucleolar organizer region associated proteins
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48. Murphy A, Williams J: Posterior interosseous nerve palsy caused by lipoma: A case report. Can J Plast Surg; 2009;17(4):e42-4
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  • Lipomas are benign soft tissue neoplasms that occur commonly in subcutaneous tissue.

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  • (PMID = 21119834.001).
  • [ISSN] 1918-1507
  • [Journal-full-title] The Canadian journal of plastic surgery = Journal canadien de chirurgie plastique
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Can J Plast Surg
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Canada
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC2827290
  • [Keywords] NOTNLM ; Forearm / Lipoma / Posterior interosseous nerve palsy
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49. Keyriläinen J, Fernández M, Fiedler S, Bravin A, Karjalainen-Lindsberg ML, Virkkunen P, Elo EM, Tenhunen M, Suortti P, Thomlinson W: Visualisation of calcifications and thin collagen strands in human breast tumour specimens by the diffraction-enhanced imaging technique: a comparison with conventional mammography and histology. Eur J Radiol; 2005 Feb;53(2):226-37
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  • [Title] Visualisation of calcifications and thin collagen strands in human breast tumour specimens by the diffraction-enhanced imaging technique: a comparison with conventional mammography and histology.
  • Six excised human breast tissue specimens carrying benign and malignant tumours were examined with the diffraction-enhanced imaging technique.
  • Fine details of the structures such as strands of collagen and contours between glandular and adipose tissue, which are barely visible at the contrast detection limit in the conventional absorption-based mammograms, are clearly visible in the diffraction-enhanced images.
  • Microscopic study of the stained histopathological sections unequivocally confirms the correlation of the radiographic findings with the morphologic changes in specimens.
  • An increased soft tissue contrast and a combination of information obtained with disparate diffraction-enhanced images provide better visibility of mammographically indistinguishable features.
  • This kind of additional structural information of the breast tissue is required to improve assessment accuracy and earlier detection of the breast lesions.
  • [MeSH-major] Breast Neoplasms / radiography. Calcinosis / radiography. Collagen. Radiographic Image Enhancement / methods. X-Ray Diffraction / methods

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  • (PMID = 15664286.001).
  • [ISSN] 0720-048X
  • [Journal-full-title] European journal of radiology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Eur J Radiol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Comparative Study; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] Ireland
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 9007-34-5 / Collagen
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50. Wu CW, Chi HP, Chiang FY, Hsu YC, Chan LP, Kuo WR: Giant lipoma arising from deep lobe of the parotid gland. World J Surg Oncol; 2006;4:28
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  • BACKGROUND: Lipomas are common benign soft tissue neoplasms but they are found very rarely in the deep lobe of parotid gland.

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  • (PMID = 16740172.001).
  • [ISSN] 1477-7819
  • [Journal-full-title] World journal of surgical oncology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] World J Surg Oncol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
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51. Zieker D, Königsrainer I, Miller S, Vogel U, Sotlar K, Steurer W, Königsrainer A, Lehmann TG: Simultaneous adrenal and extra-adrenal myelolipoma - an uncommon incident: case report and review of the literature. World J Surg Oncol; 2008;6:72
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  • BACKGROUND: Extra-adrenal myelolipomas are rare benign tumours.
  • Other soft tissue tumours such as well-differentiated liposarcomas appear morphological almost identical.
  • With a review of the literature we describe and discuss the aetiology, differential diagnosis and treatment of patients with respect to adrenal and extra-adrenal lesions.
  • We conclude that such lesions should be considered in the differential diagnosis of a fat-containing tumour in the retroperitoneal tissue/compartment.
  • [MeSH-major] Adrenal Gland Neoplasms / diagnosis. Muscle Neoplasms / diagnosis. Myelolipoma / diagnosis. Retroperitoneal Neoplasms / diagnosis

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  • (PMID = 18601731.001).
  • [ISSN] 1477-7819
  • [Journal-full-title] World journal of surgical oncology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] World J Surg Oncol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Number-of-references] 22
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC2474838
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52. Aleixo PB, Hartmann AA, Menezes IC, Meurer RT, Oliveira AM: Can MDM2 and CDK4 make the diagnosis of well differentiated/dedifferentiated liposarcoma? An immunohistochemical study on 129 soft tissue tumours. J Clin Pathol; 2009 Dec;62(12):1127-35
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  • [Title] Can MDM2 and CDK4 make the diagnosis of well differentiated/dedifferentiated liposarcoma? An immunohistochemical study on 129 soft tissue tumours.
  • METHODS: IHC for MDM2/CDK4 was carried out on a series of 129 paraffin-embedded lipomatous and non-lipomatous soft tissue tumours.
  • The cases were divided into four groups: WDLPS (n = 19), DDLPS (n = 10), benign adipocytic tumours (BAT) (n = 17), and other mesenquimal tumours (OMT) (n = 83).
  • IHC results were compared in each group and the diagnostic efficacy of the test in identifying WDLPS and DDLPS among the other soft tissue tumours was determined.
  • A percentage of tumour cell positivity was evaluated to better characterise the pattern of tumour immunostaining.
  • [MeSH-major] Biomarkers, Tumor / metabolism. Cyclin-Dependent Kinase 4 / metabolism. Liposarcoma / diagnosis. Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-mdm2 / metabolism. Soft Tissue Neoplasms / diagnosis
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Aged. Aged, 80 and over. Cell Differentiation. Female. Humans. Immunoenzyme Techniques. Male. Middle Aged. Neoplasm Proteins / metabolism. Sensitivity and Specificity

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  • (PMID = 19946100.001).
  • [ISSN] 1472-4146
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of clinical pathology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Clin. Pathol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Evaluation Studies; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Biomarkers, Tumor; 0 / Neoplasm Proteins; EC 2.7.11.22 / CDK4 protein, human; EC 2.7.11.22 / Cyclin-Dependent Kinase 4; EC 6.3.2.19 / MDM2 protein, human; EC 6.3.2.19 / Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-mdm2
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53. Nigri G, Dente M, Valabrega S, Beccaria G, Aurello P, D'Angelo F, Di Marzo F, Ramacciato G: Giant inframuscular lipoma disclosed 14 years after a blunt trauma: a case report. J Med Case Rep; 2008;2:318
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • INTRODUCTION: Lipoma is the most frequent benign tumor of the soft tissue.
  • Although the diagnosis is mostly clinical, imaging tools are useful to confirm the adipose nature of the lesion and to define its anatomic border.

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  • [Cites] Br J Dermatol. 2007 Jul;157(1):92-9 [17553055.001]
  • [Cites] Plast Reconstr Surg. 1998 Mar;101(3):699-705 [9500386.001]
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  • (PMID = 18826615.001).
  • [ISSN] 1752-1947
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of medical case reports
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Med Case Rep
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC2569952
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54. Ui M, Ogawa K: Subdeltoid lipoma: a case with symptoms mimicking glenohumeral instability and subacromial impingement. Orthopedics; 2010 Jun;33(6):443
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • Lipoma is the most frequently occurring benign soft tissue tumor in the shoulder and the axillary region in middle-aged and older persons, yet few such lipoma cases have been associated with clinical symptoms.
  • A 38-year-old right-handed man presented with an enlarged feeling and a painful back-and-forth popping in his left shoulder.
  • Magnetic resonance imaging showed a homogenous tumor in the subdeltoid that was isointense relative to the subcutaneous fat and fluid collection in the hypertrophic subacromial bursa.
  • As the tumor was considered from the clinical and imaging findings to be attributable to all clinical symptoms, it was resected en bloc with a satisfactory result.
  • Histopathologically, the tumor showed typical features of a simple lipoma.
  • [MeSH-major] Lipoma / diagnosis. Muscle Neoplasms / diagnosis. Shoulder Dislocation / diagnosis. Shoulder Impingement Syndrome / diagnosis
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Diagnosis, Differential. Follow-Up Studies. Humans. Magnetic Resonance Imaging. Male. Shoulder

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  • [Copyright] Copyright 2010, SLACK Incorporated.
  • (PMID = 20806760.001).
  • [ISSN] 1938-2367
  • [Journal-full-title] Orthopedics
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Orthopedics
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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55. Lim KJ, Moon JH, Yoon DY, Cha JH, Lee IJ, Min SJ: Angiomyofibroblastoma arising from the posterior perivesical space: a case report with MR findings. Korean J Radiol; 2008 Jul-Aug;9(4):382-5
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  • Angiomyofibroblastoma is a rare benign soft tissue neoplasm that predominantly occurs in the genital region of middle-aged women.
  • [MeSH-major] Angiofibroma / diagnosis. Angiomyoma / diagnosis. Magnetic Resonance Imaging. Vaginal Neoplasms / diagnosis

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  • (PMID = 18682679.001).
  • [ISSN] 1229-6929
  • [Journal-full-title] Korean journal of radiology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Korean J Radiol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Korea (South)
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC2627271
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56. Jani DR, Chawda J, Sundaragiri SK, Parmar G: Mucocele--a study of 36 cases. Indian J Dent Res; 2010 Jul-Sep;21(3):337-40
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  • BACKGROUND: Mucocele is one of the most common benign soft tissue tumor present in the oral cavity.
  • The clinical data were recorded and histopathologic diagnosis was made.
  • RESULTS: A diagnosis of mucocele was established in 36 cases with male-to-female ratio of 1.77:1.

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  • (PMID = 20930340.001).
  • [ISSN] 1998-3603
  • [Journal-full-title] Indian journal of dental research : official publication of Indian Society for Dental Research
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Indian J Dent Res
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] India
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57. Gerber S, Ollivier L, Leclère J, Vanel D, Missenard G, Brisse H, de Pinieux G, Neuenschwander S: Imaging of sacral tumours. Skeletal Radiol; 2008 Apr;37(4):277-89
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  • All components of the sacrum (bone, cartilage, bone marrow, meninges, nerves, notochord remnants, etc.) can give rise to benign or malignant tumours.
  • Some histological types have a predilection for the sacrum, especially chordoma and giant cell tumour.
  • [MeSH-major] Diagnostic Imaging. Sacrum / pathology. Spinal Neoplasms / diagnosis
  • [MeSH-minor] Biopsy. Contrast Media. Diagnosis, Differential. Humans. Imaging, Three-Dimensional. Soft Tissue Neoplasms / diagnosis. Soft Tissue Neoplasms / therapy

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  • (PMID = 18034341.001).
  • [ISSN] 0364-2348
  • [Journal-full-title] Skeletal radiology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Skeletal Radiol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] Germany
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Contrast Media
  • [Number-of-references] 45
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58. Aust MC, Spies M, Kall S, Gohritz A, Boorboor P, Kolokythas P, Vogt PM: Lipomas after blunt soft tissue trauma: are they real? Analysis of 31 cases. Br J Dermatol; 2007 Jul;157(1):92-9
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Lipomas after blunt soft tissue trauma: are they real? Analysis of 31 cases.
  • BACKGROUND: Soft tissue trauma and lipomas are common occurrences in surgical practice.
  • Lipomas are defined as benign tumours of adipose tissue with so far unexplained pathogenesis and aetiology.
  • A link between preceding blunt soft tissue trauma at the site of the tumour and the formation of lipomas has been described earlier.
  • These soft tissue tumours have been named 'post-traumatic lipomas'.
  • OBJECTIVES: In a retrospective review, to analyse all patients with benign adipose tissue tumours treated at our institution between August 2001 and January 2007.
  • The mean time elapsed between soft tissue trauma and lipoma formation was 2.0 years (range 0.5-5).
  • Twenty-five of the 31 patients reported an extensive and slowly resolving haematoma after blunt tissue trauma at the site of lipoma formation.
  • Histological examination revealed capsulated and noncapsulated benign adipose tissue in all 34 tumours.
  • CONCLUSIONS: The existence of a pathogenic link between blunt soft tissue trauma and the formation of post-traumatic lipomas is still controversial.
  • Firstly, the formation of so-called post-traumatic 'pseudolipomas' may result from a prolapse of adipose tissue through fascia induced by direct impact.
  • Alternatively, lipoma formation may be explained as a result of preadipocyte differentiation and proliferation mediated by cytokine release following soft tissue damage after blunt trauma and haematoma formation.
  • [MeSH-major] Lipoma / etiology. Magnetic Resonance Imaging / methods. Neoplasms, Post-Traumatic / etiology. Soft Tissue Injuries / complications. Soft Tissue Neoplasms / etiology

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  • (PMID = 17553055.001).
  • [ISSN] 0007-0963
  • [Journal-full-title] The British journal of dermatology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Br. J. Dermatol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] England
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59. Aust MC, Spies M, Kall S, Vogt PM: [Diagnosis and treatment of posttraumatic pseudolipomas. A retrospective analysis]. Unfallchirurg; 2006 Nov;109(11):948-55
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  • [Title] [Diagnosis and treatment of posttraumatic pseudolipomas. A retrospective analysis].
  • Although lipomas are defined both clinically and pathologically as benign fatty tissue tumours, their aetiology is still not clear.
  • METHODS: In this study 19 patients with 23 posttraumatic lipomas were analysed retrospectively with reference to ultrasound and MRI diagnosis, history, laboratory results and histopathological investigations.
  • The causative soft tissue trauma dated back an average of 2.6 years.
  • Histological examination demonstrated capsulated benign fatty tissue tumours in 19 cases and uncapsulated benign fatty tissue tumours in 4.
  • Removal of the tumour resulted in a good aesthetic result in all patients.
  • CONCLUSIONS: The link between a blunt soft tissue injury and the development of a posttraumatic lipoma is still the subject of controversy; there are two mechanisms that seem more likely than any others proposed:.
  • (1) the "pseudolipoma" as the result of a prolapse of fatty tissue as an immediate result of trauma and (2) the development of a lipoma by way of differentiation of pre-adipocytes mediated by cytokines released by a posttraumatic haematoma.
  • The generalised increase in the volume of body fat documented by the elevated BMI supports the idea that lipomas arise from the prolapse of adipose tissue.
  • [MeSH-major] Lipoma / diagnosis. Soft Tissue Injuries / complications. Soft Tissue Neoplasms / diagnosis. Wounds, Nonpenetrating / complications
  • [MeSH-minor] Adolescent. Adult. Aged. Body Mass Index. Diagnosis, Differential. Female. Hematoma / complications. Hematoma / pathology. Humans. Lipectomy. Magnetic Resonance Imaging. Male. Middle Aged. Retrospective Studies. Risk Factors. Ultrasonography

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  • (PMID = 17058061.001).
  • [ISSN] 0177-5537
  • [Journal-full-title] Der Unfallchirurg
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Unfallchirurg
  • [Language] ger
  • [Publication-type] English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Germany
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60. Fletcher CD: The evolving classification of soft tissue tumours: an update based on the new WHO classification. Histopathology; 2006 Jan;48(1):3-12
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] The evolving classification of soft tissue tumours: an update based on the new WHO classification.
  • Tumour classifications have become an integral part of modern oncology and, for pathologists, they provide guidelines which facilitate diagnostic and prognostic reproducibility.
  • The new WHO classification of soft tissue tumours was introduced in late 2002 and, because it represents a broad consensus view, it has gained widespread acceptance.
  • This review summarizes the changes, both major and minor, which were introduced and briefly describes the significant number of tumour types which have been first recognized or properly characterized during the past decade.
  • Arguably the four most significant conceptual advances have been: (i) the formal recognition that morphologically benign lesions (such as cutaneous fibrous histiocytoma) may very rarely metastasize;.
  • (ii) the general acceptance that most pleomorphic sarcomas can be meaningfully subclassified and that so-called malignant fibrous histiocytoma is not a definable entity, but instead represents a wastebasket of undifferentiated pleomorphic sarcomas, accounting for no more than 5% of adult soft tissue sarcomas;.
  • (iii) the acknowledgement that most lesions formerly known as haemangiopericytoma show no evidence of pericytic differentiation and, instead, are fibroblastic in nature and form a morphological continuum with solitary fibrous tumour; and (iv) the increasing appreciation that not only do we not know from which cell type(s) most soft tissue tumours originate (histogenesis) but, for many, we do not recognize their line of differentiation or lineage--hence an increasing number of tumours are placed in the "uncertain differentiation" category.
  • [MeSH-major] Sarcoma / classification. Soft Tissue Neoplasms / classification. World Health Organization


61. Williams RW, Grave B, Stewart M, Heggie AA: Prenatal and postnatal management of congenital granular cell tumours: a case report. Br J Oral Maxillofac Surg; 2009 Jan;47(1):56-8
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  • Congenital granular cell tumour is a rare, benign, soft tissue lesion of the oral cavity.
  • Large or multiple lesions can cause mechanical obstruction of the oral cavity and may result in prenatal polyhydramnios, and postnatal feeding and respiratory problems.We present a case in which prenatal diagnostic imaging was used in the successful management of an infant with a large congenital granular cell tumour.
  • [MeSH-major] Gingival Neoplasms / diagnosis. Gingival Neoplasms / surgery. Granular Cell Tumor / congenital. Granular Cell Tumor / diagnosis. Ultrasonography, Prenatal

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  • (PMID = 18556098.001).
  • [ISSN] 1532-1940
  • [Journal-full-title] The British journal of oral & maxillofacial surgery
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Br J Oral Maxillofac Surg
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Scotland
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62. Revet I, Huizenga G, Chan A, Koster J, Volckmann R, van Sluis P, Øra I, Versteeg R, Geerts D: The MSX1 homeobox transcription factor is a downstream target of PHOX2B and activates the Delta-Notch pathway in neuroblastoma. Exp Cell Res; 2008 Feb 15;314(4):707-19
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • Neuroblastoma is an embryonal tumour of the peripheral sympathetic nervous system (SNS).
  • Inducible expression of MSX1 in SJNB-8 caused inhibition of both cell proliferation and colony formation in soft agar.
  • Affymetrix micro-array analysis of a neuroblastic tumour series consisting of neuroblastomas and the more benign ganglioneuromas showed that MSX1, NOTCH3 and HEY1 are more highly expressed in ganglioneuromas.
  • [MeSH-minor] Basic Helix-Loop-Helix Transcription Factors / biosynthesis. Basic Helix-Loop-Helix Transcription Factors / genetics. Basic Helix-Loop-Helix Transcription Factors / metabolism. Cell Cycle Proteins / genetics. Cell Cycle Proteins / metabolism. Cell Line, Tumor. Cell Proliferation. Down-Regulation. Gene Expression Regulation, Neoplastic. Humans. Intercellular Signaling Peptides and Proteins / genetics. Intercellular Signaling Peptides and Proteins / metabolism. Intracellular Signaling Peptides and Proteins. Nerve Tissue Proteins / biosynthesis. Nerve Tissue Proteins / genetics. Signal Transduction. Tumor Stem Cell Assay

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  • (PMID = 18201699.001).
  • [ISSN] 0014-4827
  • [Journal-full-title] Experimental cell research
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Exp. Cell Res.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Basic Helix-Loop-Helix Transcription Factors; 0 / Cell Cycle Proteins; 0 / DLK1 protein, human; 0 / HEY1 protein, human; 0 / Homeodomain Proteins; 0 / Intercellular Signaling Peptides and Proteins; 0 / Intracellular Signaling Peptides and Proteins; 0 / MSX1 Transcription Factor; 0 / Membrane Proteins; 0 / NBPhox protein; 0 / NOTCH3 protein, human; 0 / Nerve Tissue Proteins; 0 / Receptors, Notch; 0 / Transcription Factors; 0 / delta protein; 169238-82-8 / NeuroD protein
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63. Nakashima K, Yamada N, Yoshida Y, Yamamoto O: Solitary sclerotic neurofibroma of the skin. Am J Dermatopathol; 2008 Jun;30(3):278-80
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  • Solitary neurofibroma of the skin is a benign soft tissue tumor.
  • Clinically, it is a flesh-colored, slow-growing, soft tumor and sometimes shows diverse histological patterns.
  • Our findings suggest that mast cells may have played a role in the formation of the sclerotic regions of the current tumor.
  • [MeSH-major] Neurofibroma / pathology. Skin Neoplasms / pathology. Soft Tissue Neoplasms / pathology
  • [MeSH-minor] Aged. Collagen / metabolism. Dermis / pathology. Female. Humans. Mast Cells / pathology. Sclerosis / metabolism. Sclerosis / pathology. Subcutaneous Tissue / pathology

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  • (PMID = 18496433.001).
  • [ISSN] 1533-0311
  • [Journal-full-title] The American Journal of dermatopathology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Am J Dermatopathol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 9007-34-5 / Collagen
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64. Murat A, Ozdemir H, Yildirim H, Poyraz AK, Ozercan R: Hamartoma of the breast. Australas Radiol; 2007 Oct;51 Spec No.:B37-9
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  • Breast hamartoma is a rare benign tumour that leads to unilateral breast enlargement without a palpable localized mass lesion.
  • Histologically, a hamartoma consists of varying amounts of adipose, gland, fibre and smooth muscle tissue.
  • The characteristic mammographic appearance of hamartoma of breast has distinct mammographic features with circumscription and fat and soft-tissue density surrounded by a thin radiopaque capsule or pseudocapsule.
  • [MeSH-major] Breast Neoplasms / diagnosis. Hamartoma / diagnosis. Magnetic Resonance Imaging. Mammography

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  • (PMID = 17875153.001).
  • [ISSN] 0004-8461
  • [Journal-full-title] Australasian radiology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Australas Radiol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Australia
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65. Sari A, Tunakan M, Bolat B, Cakmakçi H, Ozer E: Lipofibromatosis in a two-year-old girl: a case report. Turk J Pediatr; 2007 Jul-Sep;49(3):319-21
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  • Lipofibromatosis is a recently described rare benign soft tissue tumor of childhood.
  • The tumor has a high rate of non-destructive recurrence, but there is no metastatic potential.
  • [MeSH-major] Fibroma / pathology. Neoplasm Recurrence, Local / surgery

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  • (PMID = 17990590.001).
  • [ISSN] 0041-4301
  • [Journal-full-title] The Turkish journal of pediatrics
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Turk. J. Pediatr.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Turkey
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66. Basu S, Nair N, Banavali S: Uptake characteristics of fluorodeoxyglucose (FDG) in deep fibromatosis and abdominal desmoids: potential clinical role of FDG-PET in the management. Br J Radiol; 2007 Sep;80(957):750-6
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  • In this preliminary report, we explore the uptake pattern of fluorodeoxyglucose (FDG) in fibromatosis and hypothesize the potential clinical role of FDG-positron emission tomography (PET) in the management of this benign but locally aggressive heterogeneous group of soft-tissue tumours.
  • The findings in this report can be extrapolated and have implications for studying the utility of FDG-PET in defining aggressiveness, guiding biopsy and defining excision site in a large tumour and in monitoring therapy in fibromatosis.
  • [MeSH-major] Bone Neoplasms. Fibroma. Fluorodeoxyglucose F18. Muscle Neoplasms. Radiopharmaceuticals

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  • (PMID = 17709361.001).
  • [ISSN] 1748-880X
  • [Journal-full-title] The British journal of radiology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Br J Radiol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Radiopharmaceuticals; 0Z5B2CJX4D / Fluorodeoxyglucose F18
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67. Liu ZJ, Zhao Q, Zhang LJ: Extraskeletal osteochondroma near the hip: a pediatric case. J Pediatr Orthop B; 2010 Nov;19(6):524-8
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  • Extraskeletal osteochondroma near the hip is rare and its pathological diagnosis is based on radiological and histopathological examination.
  • It is vital that such a diagnosis be considered when a discrete, ossified mass is localized in soft tissues, even at atypical sites.
  • Differential diagnoses include myositis ossificans, a lipomatous lesion, a pseudomalignant osseous tumour, an ossifying fibromyxoid tumour, an extraskeletal chondroma with endochondral ossification, synovial (osteo) chondromatosis, tumoural calcinosis, a synovial sarcoma and an extraskeletal osteosarcoma.
  • Clinical awareness of this benign entity is important as no malignant transformation or metastasis has been reported.
  • [MeSH-major] Osteochondroma / pathology. Osteochondroma / surgery. Soft Tissue Neoplasms / pathology. Soft Tissue Neoplasms / surgery
  • [MeSH-minor] Biopsy, Needle. Child. Follow-Up Studies. Hip. Humans. Immunohistochemistry. Lumbosacral Region. Male. Neoplasm Staging. Time Factors. Tomography, X-Ray Computed. Treatment Outcome

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  • (PMID = 20802344.001).
  • [ISSN] 1473-5865
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of pediatric orthopedics. Part B
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Pediatr Orthop B
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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68. Samani A, Zubovits J, Plewes D: Elastic moduli of normal and pathological human breast tissues: an inversion-technique-based investigation of 169 samples. Phys Med Biol; 2007 Mar 21;52(6):1565-76
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  • [Title] Elastic moduli of normal and pathological human breast tissues: an inversion-technique-based investigation of 169 samples.
  • Understanding and quantifying the mechanical properties of breast tissues has been a subject of interest for the past two decades.
  • This has been motivated in part by interest in modelling soft tissue response for surgery planning and virtual-reality-based surgical training.
  • Interpreting elastography images for diagnostic purposes also requires a sound understanding of normal and pathological tissue mechanical properties.
  • Reliable data on tissue elastic properties are very limited and those which are available tend to be inconsistent, in part as a result of measurement methodology.
  • We have developed specialized techniques to measure tissue elasticity of breast normal tissues and tumour specimens and applied them to 169 fresh ex vivo breast tissue samples including fat and fibroglandular tissue as well as a range of benign and malignant breast tumour types.
  • Results show that, under small deformation conditions, the elastic modulus of normal breast fat and fibroglandular tissues are similar while fibroadenomas were approximately twice the stiffness.
  • Fibrocystic disease and malignant tumours exhibited a 3-6-fold increased stiffness with high-grade invasive ductal carcinoma exhibiting up to a 13-fold increase in stiffness compared to fibrogalndular tissue.
  • A statistical analysis showed that differences between the elastic modulus of the majority of those tissues were statistically significant.
  • [MeSH-major] Breast / pathology. Breast Neoplasms / pathology. Mammography / methods
  • [MeSH-minor] Biomechanical Phenomena. Biopsy. Breast Diseases / diagnosis. Breast Diseases / pathology. Carcinoma, Ductal, Breast / pathology. Computer Simulation. Elasticity. Equipment Design. Humans. Radiographic Image Interpretation, Computer-Assisted

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  • (PMID = 17327649.001).
  • [ISSN] 0031-9155
  • [Journal-full-title] Physics in medicine and biology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Phys Med Biol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.
  • [Publication-country] England
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69. Strauss DC, Qureshi YA, Hayes AJ, Thway K, Fisher C, Thomas JM: The role of core needle biopsy in the diagnosis of suspected soft tissue tumours. J Surg Oncol; 2010 Oct 1;102(5):523-9
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  • [Title] The role of core needle biopsy in the diagnosis of suspected soft tissue tumours.
  • BACKGROUND: Controversy surrounds the biopsy method of choice for the histological diagnosis of soft tissue sarcoma.
  • The objective of this study was to evaluate the diagnostic accuracy of core needle biopsy (CNB) in patients referred with the suspicion of a soft tissue sarcoma.
  • METHODOLOGY: Previously undiagnosed patients (n = 530) with a suspected soft tissue tumour (STT) who underwent CNB at initial presentation were identified.
  • Specific end-points were the ability to differentiate benign from malignant tumours, soft tissue from non-STT, and for sarcomas to define subtype and grade.
  • RESULTS: Of the 530 patients, 426 patients (80.4%) with soft tissue tumours were identified, of which 225 (52.8%) were malignant and 201 (47.2%) benign.
  • CNB could differentiate soft tissue sarcomas from benign soft tissue tumours with an accuracy of 97.6%.
  • Tumour subtype was accurately assigned in 89.5% of benign tumours and 88.0% of sarcomas.
  • CONCLUSION: CNB is simple, safe and can accurately diagnose benign and malignant soft tissue tumours.
  • It can reliably identify other tumours masquerading as sarcoma.
  • CNB should be the method of choice to obtain a histological diagnosis in suspected STT.
  • [MeSH-major] Biopsy, Needle / methods. Sarcoma / pathology. Soft Tissue Neoplasms / pathology

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  • [Copyright] J. Surg. Oncol. 2010;102:523-529. © 2010 Wiley-Liss, Inc.
  • (PMID = 20872955.001).
  • [ISSN] 1096-9098
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of surgical oncology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Surg Oncol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Evaluation Studies; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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70. Kind M, Stock N, Coindre JM: Histology and imaging of soft tissue sarcomas. Eur J Radiol; 2009 Oct;72(1):6-15
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  • [Title] Histology and imaging of soft tissue sarcomas.
  • Imaging and histology are two complementary morphological techniques which play a fundamental role in the diagnosis and management of soft tissue sarcomas.
  • Imaging allows to identify some pseudosarcomatous benign lesions such as myositis ossificans, intramuscular hemangioma, angiomyolipoma, intramuscular lipoma, giant cell tumour of tendon sheath, desmoid tumour and elastofibroma.
  • [MeSH-major] Diagnostic Imaging / methods. Muscle Neoplasms / diagnosis. Sarcoma / diagnosis


71. Baranović M, Macan D, Begović EA, Luksic I, Brajdić D, Manojlović S: Schwannoma with secondary erosion of mandible: case report with a review of the literature. Dentomaxillofac Radiol; 2006 Nov;35(6):456-60
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  • Schwannoma (neurilemmoma) is a common, histologically distinctive, benign, usually encapsulated, peripheral nerve tumour of Schwann cell origin.
  • We report a case of schwannoma arising from soft tissue near the mandible.
  • It was impossible to determine prior to surgery whether this was a peripheral nerve sheath tumour.
  • The lesion was completely removed; the tumour appears to have originated in soft tissue and caused secondary erosion of the mandible.
  • [MeSH-major] Gingival Neoplasms / complications. Mandibular Diseases / etiology. Mandibular Neoplasms / complications. Neurilemmoma / complications

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  • (PMID = 17082339.001).
  • [ISSN] 0250-832X
  • [Journal-full-title] Dento maxillo facial radiology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Dentomaxillofac Radiol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Number-of-references] 53
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72. Rohilla S, Yadav RK, Dhaulakhandi DB: Lipoma of Guyon's canal causing ulnar neuropathy. J Orthop Traumatol; 2009 Jun;10(2):101-3
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  • Lipoma is a benign soft tissue tumor which rarely causes neuropathy.

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  • [ISSN] 1590-9921
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of orthopaedics and traumatology : official journal of the Italian Society of Orthopaedics and Traumatology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Orthop Traumatol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
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73. Shah AK, Grant I: Intravascular papillary endothelial hyperplasia (Masson's tumour) causing a soft-tissue mass in the upper limb. Hand Surg; 2010;15(1):31-3
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  • [Title] Intravascular papillary endothelial hyperplasia (Masson's tumour) causing a soft-tissue mass in the upper limb.
  • Masson's tumour (intravascular papillary endothelial hyperplasia) is a benign vascular tumour, which can present in a similar manner to a soft-tissue sarcoma.
  • We report a case of Masson's tumour presenting in a 32-year-old woman as a painful lump around her elbow.
  • [MeSH-major] Elbow. Endothelium, Vascular / pathology. Neoplasms, Vascular Tissue / surgery
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Female. Hemangioendothelioma / diagnosis. Humans. Magnetic Resonance Imaging. Sarcoma / diagnosis

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  • (PMID = 20422724.001).
  • [ISSN] 1793-6535
  • [Journal-full-title] Hand surgery : an international journal devoted to hand and upper limb surgery and related research : journal of the Asia-Pacific Federation of Societies for Surgery of the Hand
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Hand Surg
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Singapore
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74. Athwal GS, Bueno RA, Bansal M, Mintz DN, Athanasian EA: Intra-articular fibroma of tendon sheath involving the scapholunate and radiocarpal joints. Skeletal Radiol; 2006 Aug;35(8):599-602
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  • Fibroma of tendon sheath is an uncommon benign soft tissue tumor with a predilection for the hand.
  • Magnetic resonance imaging demonstrated a heterogeneous and lobulated mass with nonspecific signal characteristics closely associated with the scapholunate interval and the volar wrist soft tissues.
  • The tumor is discussed and the relevant literature is reviewed.
  • [MeSH-major] Fibroma / pathology. Soft Tissue Neoplasms / pathology. Wrist Joint / pathology

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  • (PMID = 16283174.001).
  • [ISSN] 0364-2348
  • [Journal-full-title] Skeletal radiology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Skeletal Radiol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Germany
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75. Tolan S, Shanks JH, Loh MY, Taylor B, Wylie JP: Fibromatosis: benign by name but not necessarily by nature. Clin Oncol (R Coll Radiol); 2007 Jun;19(5):319-26
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  • [Title] Fibromatosis: benign by name but not necessarily by nature.
  • Aggressive fibromatoses, also known as desmoid tumours, are rare fibrous tissue proliferations with a tendency for slow, local infiltrative growth.
  • Magnetic resonance imaging is the method of choice for diagnosis, pre-treatment planning and post-treatment follow-up.
  • Treatment is now planned using modern three-dimensional conformal techniques, similar to those used in soft tissue sarcoma management.
  • There are no randomised trials to help guide the management of this locally aggressive 'benign' tumour and treatment decisions are best made by the local soft tissue sarcoma multidisciplinary team.
  • [MeSH-major] Fibromatosis, Aggressive / diagnosis. Fibromatosis, Aggressive / therapy
  • [MeSH-minor] Diagnosis, Differential. Dose Fractionation. Humans. Magnetic Resonance Imaging. Radiotherapy / methods. Radiotherapy Dosage

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  • (PMID = 17419039.001).
  • [ISSN] 0936-6555
  • [Journal-full-title] Clinical oncology (Royal College of Radiologists (Great Britain))
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Clin Oncol (R Coll Radiol)
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Number-of-references] 35
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76. Vasenwala SM, Iraqi AA, Ahmad S, Khan L, Zaheer S, Vasenwala RM: Malignant glomus tumour--a case report. Indian J Pathol Microbiol; 2006 Jan;49(1):40-1
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  • [Title] Malignant glomus tumour--a case report.
  • Glomus tumours are usually benign neoplasms of glomus bodies.
  • Here we report a rare case of malignant glomus tumour of soft tissue.
  • The tumour was 8 cm in size, infiltrating deep tissue, with nuclear atypia, high mitotic activity (6/HPF), atypical mitosis and showed recurrence, thus fulfilling all the criteria of malignancy.
  • [MeSH-major] Glomus Tumor / pathology. Soft Tissue Neoplasms / pathology

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  • (PMID = 16625975.001).
  • [ISSN] 0377-4929
  • [Journal-full-title] Indian journal of pathology & microbiology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Indian J Pathol Microbiol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] India
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77. Ramos-Font C, Santiago Chinchilla A, Rebollo Aguirre AC, Rodríguez Fernández A, Medina Benítez A, Llamas Elvira JM: [Desmoid tumor of the thoraco-abdominal wall characterized with 18F-fluorodeoxyglucose PET/ CT scan. Correlation with magnetic resonance and bone scintigraphy. Review of the literature]. Rev Esp Med Nucl; 2009 Mar-Apr;28(2):70-3
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  • [Title] [Desmoid tumor of the thoraco-abdominal wall characterized with 18F-fluorodeoxyglucose PET/ CT scan. Correlation with magnetic resonance and bone scintigraphy. Review of the literature].
  • [Transliterated title] Tumor desmoide de la pared torácico-abdominal. Caracterización con PET-TAC con 18F-fluorodesoxiglucosa y correlación con resonancia magnética y gammagrafía ósea. Revisión de la literatura.
  • Desmoid tumours are uncommon benign tumours but with aggressive behaviour, resulting from the proliferation of well-differentiated fibroblasts.
  • Clinically, they present as a painless firm soft tissue mass.
  • When planning treatment, it is important to assess the correct tumour extent to permit curative radical surgery minimizing possible local recurrence.
  • The role of nuclear medicine techniques, such as bone scintigraphy, or more recently FDG-PET, has not been defined in the evaluation of these neoplasms.
  • We present the case of a patient with a desmoid tumour of the abdominal-chest wall and we review the related literature.
  • [MeSH-major] Abdominal Neoplasms / radionuclide imaging. Abdominal Wall / radionuclide imaging. Bone Neoplasms / radionuclide imaging. Fibromatosis, Aggressive / radionuclide imaging. Fluorine Radioisotopes. Fluorodeoxyglucose F18. Muscle Neoplasms / radionuclide imaging. Positron-Emission Tomography. Radiopharmaceuticals. Rectus Abdominis / radionuclide imaging. Ribs / radionuclide imaging. Tomography, X-Ray Computed
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Humans. Magnetic Resonance Imaging. Male. Neoplasm Invasiveness. Thoracic Wall / pathology. Thoracic Wall / radiography. Thoracic Wall / radionuclide imaging

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  • (PMID = 19406052.001).
  • [ISSN] 0212-6982
  • [Journal-full-title] Revista española de medicina nuclear
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Rev Esp Med Nucl
  • [Language] spa
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Comparative Study; English Abstract; Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] Spain
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Fluorine Radioisotopes; 0 / Radiopharmaceuticals; 0Z5B2CJX4D / Fluorodeoxyglucose F18
  • [Number-of-references] 22
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78. Wilde F, Neid M, Schulz T, Sterker I, Hemprich A, Frerich B: [Hemangiopericytoma (extrapleural solitary fibrous tumour). Exemplified and discussed on the basis of two cases]. Mund Kiefer Gesichtschir; 2005 Nov;9(6):404-8
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  • [Title] [Hemangiopericytoma (extrapleural solitary fibrous tumour). Exemplified and discussed on the basis of two cases].
  • [Transliterated title] Hämangioperizytom (extrapleuraler solitärer fibröser Tumor). Dargestellt und diskutiert anhand zweier Patientenbeispiele.
  • It is a very uncommon potentially malignant vascular tumour which can occur at every site of the body.
  • The diagnosis of "hemangiopericytoma" is now only determined if a constant histological picture of hemangiopericytoma is present.
  • The tumour can lead to lymphogenous or hematogenous metastasis.
  • CASE REPORTS: Patient 1: 60 years, female; diagnosis: malignant suboccipital hemangiopericytoma; size: 4.9 x 4.5 x 4.2 cm; pT1bNXMX L0 V0 Pn0; stage IA; grading G1; R0.Patient 2: 38 years, male; diagnosis: benign hemangiopericytoma infraorbital left; size 1.5 x 1.5 x 1.5 cm.
  • The consistency ranges from soft to dense, and the color is greyish-blue.
  • The slow and painless growth carries the danger of a clinically wrong diagnosis and thus delayed therapy.
  • The histological diagnosis of hemangiopericytoma is determined by biopsy.
  • The therapy of choice is the complete tumour-resection with a safety margin of 1 cm.
  • [MeSH-major] Eyelid Neoplasms / diagnosis. Head and Neck Neoplasms / diagnosis. Hemangiopericytoma / diagnosis. Soft Tissue Neoplasms / diagnosis
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Diagnosis, Differential. Female. Humans. Magnetic Resonance Imaging. Male. Middle Aged. Neoplasm Invasiveness. Neoplasms, Multiple Primary / diagnosis. Neoplasms, Multiple Primary / pathology. Neoplasms, Multiple Primary / surgery. Orbit / pathology. Orbital Neoplasms / diagnosis. Orbital Neoplasms / pathology. Orbital Neoplasms / surgery. Reoperation. Tomography, X-Ray Computed

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  • (PMID = 16220316.001).
  • [ISSN] 1432-9417
  • [Journal-full-title] Mund-, Kiefer- und Gesichtschirurgie : MKG
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Mund Kiefer Gesichtschir
  • [Language] ger
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Germany
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79. Rau T, Soeder S, Olk A, Aigner T: Parosteal lipoma of the thigh with cartilaginous and osseous differentiation: an osteochondrolipoma. Ann Diagn Pathol; 2006 Oct;10(5):279-82
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  • Lipomas are very common benign soft tissue neoplasms.
  • Mature cartilage and bone arising in a lipoma is a rare event and is mostly associated with a parosteal localization of the neoplasm.
  • The occurrence of at least 4 distinct directions of mesenchymal cell differentiation within a benign neoplasia underlines the concept of multilineage differentiation of pluripotent mesenchymal stem cells.
  • Such a multidirectional potential was recently well established in vitro in stem cells present in adult adipocytic tissue.
  • [MeSH-major] Bone and Bones / pathology. Cartilage / pathology. Lipoma / pathology. Periosteum / pathology. Soft Tissue Neoplasms / pathology
  • [MeSH-minor] Adipocytes / pathology. Aged. Cell Differentiation. Cell Transformation, Neoplastic / pathology. Diagnosis, Differential. Humans. Male. Mesenchymal Stromal Cells / pathology. Ossification, Heterotopic / pathology. Thigh

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  • (PMID = 16979520.001).
  • [ISSN] 1092-9134
  • [Journal-full-title] Annals of diagnostic pathology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Ann Diagn Pathol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] United States
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80. Roberge D, Hickeson M, Charest M, Turcotte RE: Initial McGill experience with fluorodeoxyglucose pet/ct staging of soft-tissue sarcoma. Curr Oncol; 2010 Nov;17(6):18-22
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  • [Title] Initial McGill experience with fluorodeoxyglucose pet/ct staging of soft-tissue sarcoma.
  • BACKGROUND: Soft-tissue sarcoma spreads predominantly to the lung.
  • METHODS: We retrospectively identified cases of soft-tissue sarcoma.
  • Ewing sarcoma, rhabdomyosarcoma, and gastrointestinal stromal tumour were excluded, as were cases in which patients underwent imaging for follow-up, response assessment, or recurrence.
  • In 21% of cases, the primary tumour had been removed (by excisional biopsy or unplanned excision) before staging.
  • Of all tumours, 81% were intermediate or high grade (Fédération Nationale des Centres de Lutte Contre le Cancer grades 2-3).
  • The primary tumour was stage T2b in 69% of cases.
  • Two incidental benign parotid tumours were found.
  • CONCLUSIONS: Although pet may be helpful in specific circumstances, routine use of fluorodeoxyglucose pet imaging for detection of metastatic disease as part of the initial staging of soft-tissue sarcoma added little to imaging by chest ct and was unlikely to alter management in our series.

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  • (PMID = 21151405.001).
  • [ISSN] 1718-7729
  • [Journal-full-title] Current oncology (Toronto, Ont.)
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Curr Oncol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Canada
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC2993434
  • [Keywords] NOTNLM ; Soft-tissue sarcoma / positron-emission tomography / staging
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81. Dias PF, Pedro Rde L, Janine ME, Maia LC: Congenital epulis: an unusual case of spontaneous regression. Gen Dent; 2008 Jul-Aug;56(5):e25-7
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  • Congenital epulis is a rare benign neoplasm of the soft tissues.
  • [MeSH-major] Gingival Neoplasms / congenital. Neoplasm Regression, Spontaneous / pathology
  • [MeSH-minor] Diagnosis, Differential. Female. Follow-Up Studies. Humans. Infant

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  • (PMID = 21444268.001).
  • [ISSN] 0363-6771
  • [Journal-full-title] General dentistry
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Gen Dent
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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82. Pichi B, Manciocco V, Marchesi P, Pellini R, Ruscito P, Vidiri A, Covello R, Spriano G: Rhabdomyoma of the parapharyngeal space presenting with dysphagia. Dysphagia; 2008 Jun;23(2):202-4
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  • Rhabdomyoma is an exceedingly rare soft tissue benign tumor of skeletal muscle origin classified into cardiac and extracardiac types based on location.
  • Adult rhabdomyomas are rare, but morphologically characteristic, benign mesenchymal tumors with mature skeletal muscle differentiation that in 90% of cases arise in the head and neck region, mainly in the mucosa of the oropharynx, nasopharynx, and larynx, from the branchial musculature of third and fourth branchial arches.
  • [MeSH-major] Deglutition Disorders / etiology. Oropharyngeal Neoplasms / complications. Oropharyngeal Neoplasms / pathology. Rhabdomyoma / complications. Rhabdomyoma / pathology

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  • (PMID = 17965913.001).
  • [ISSN] 0179-051X
  • [Journal-full-title] Dysphagia
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Dysphagia
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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83. Gengler C, Guillou L: Solitary fibrous tumour and haemangiopericytoma: evolution of a concept. Histopathology; 2006 Jan;48(1):63-74
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  • [Title] Solitary fibrous tumour and haemangiopericytoma: evolution of a concept.
  • Haemangiopericytoma (HPC) was described in 1942 by Stout and Murray as a distinctive soft tissue neoplasm, presumably of pericytic origin, exhibiting a characteristic well-developed "staghorn" branching vascular pattern.
  • Over the years, it appeared that this growth pattern was a non-specific one, shared by numerous, unrelated benign and malignant lesions, and that HPC was better considered as a diagnosis of exclusion.
  • Three categories of lesion may now be individualized within the heterogeneous group of HPC-like neoplasms.
  • The first category corresponds to those non-HPC neoplasms that occasionally display HPC-like features (e.g. synovial sarcoma).
  • They generally show a benign clinical course, and include glomangiopericytoma/myopericytoma, infantile myofibromatosis (previously called infantile HPC), and a subset of sinonasal HPCs.
  • The third category is the solitary fibrous tumour (SFT) lesional group, which includes fibrous-to-cellular SFTs, and related lesions such as giant cell angiofibromas and lipomatous HPCs.
  • [MeSH-major] Fibroma / diagnosis. Hemangiopericytoma / diagnosis. Soft Tissue Neoplasms / diagnosis
  • [MeSH-minor] Diagnosis, Differential. Humans

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  • (PMID = 16359538.001).
  • [ISSN] 0309-0167
  • [Journal-full-title] Histopathology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Histopathology
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Number-of-references] 70
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84. Wakoh M, Yonezu H, Otonari T, Sano T, Matsuzaka K, Inoue T, Wada N: Two cases of schwannoma with marked cystic changes. Dentomaxillofac Radiol; 2005 Jan;34(1):44-50
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  • Computed tomography (CT) indicated a low-density area surrounded by soft tissue.
  • The extirpated tumour specimen measured 58 mm x 58 mm x 30 mm.
  • Panoramic radiography and lateral oblique mandible projection, which were used together with conventional sialography of the submandibular gland, revealed the so-called "ball in hand" appearance of the submandibular gland, and contrast-enhanced CT identified a lesion of 30 mm diameter with a well-defined annular margin and homogeneous low-density near the tumour centre.
  • Benign pleomorphic adenoma was suspected, but histopathological examination identified schwannoma, predominantly comprising Antoni B type tissue.
  • [MeSH-major] Muscle Neoplasms / radiography. Neurilemmoma / radiography. Peripheral Nervous System Neoplasms / radiography. Submandibular Gland Neoplasms / radiography

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  • (PMID = 15709106.001).
  • [ISSN] 0250-832X
  • [Journal-full-title] Dento maxillo facial radiology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Dentomaxillofac Radiol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] England
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85. Marangi GF, Toto V, Poccia I, Gigliofiorito P, Brunetti B, Persichetti P: Multiple localization of granular cell tumour: a case report. Cases J; 2009;2:8751
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  • [Title] Multiple localization of granular cell tumour: a case report.
  • INTRODUCTION: Granular cell tumour, also known as Abrikossoff's tumour, is a rare entity occurring in the skin as well as in internal organs, more common among the third to fifth decade of life.
  • It has often been described as a peripheral neuroectodermal tumour and its clinical behaviour is usually benign although malignant and multifocal forms are also known to occur.
  • CASE PRESENTATION: We report a case of multiple granular cell tumour in a 17-year-old Caucasian woman who presented with a nodular lesion in the popliteal cave, diagnosed as an Abrikossoff's Tumour, followed 2 years later by another soft tissue mass in the neck.

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  • (PMID = 20184692.001).
  • [ISSN] 1757-1626
  • [Journal-full-title] Cases journal
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Cases J
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC2827134
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86. Dohi O, Ohtani H, Hatori M, Sato E, Hosaka M, Nagura H, Itoi E, Kokubun S: Histogenesis-specific expression of fibroblast activation protein and dipeptidylpeptidase-IV in human bone and soft tissue tumours. Histopathology; 2009 Oct;55(4):432-40
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  • [Title] Histogenesis-specific expression of fibroblast activation protein and dipeptidylpeptidase-IV in human bone and soft tissue tumours.
  • They are involved in tissue remodelling, cancer invasion and metastases, mechanisms that are controversial.
  • The aim was to identify cell types that express FAP and DPP-IV in human bone and soft tissue tumours, and to determine whether there are any correlations between the expression of FAP and DPP-IV and the malignant potential of tumours.
  • METHODS AND RESULTS: This study analysed in situ expression in 25 malignant and 13 benign human bone and soft tissue tumours.
  • Among benign tumours, non-ossifying fibromas, desmoid tumours and chondroblastomas expressed both FAP and DPP-IV.
  • CONCLUSIONS: Our data suggest that FAP and DPP-IV are consistently expressed in bone and soft tissue tumour cells that are histogenetically related to activated fibroblasts and/or myofibroblasts, irrespective of their malignancy.
  • [MeSH-major] Biomarkers, Tumor / metabolism. Bone Neoplasms / metabolism. Bone Neoplasms / pathology. Dipeptidyl Peptidase 4 / metabolism. Gelatinases / metabolism. Membrane Proteins / metabolism. Serine Endopeptidases / metabolism. Soft Tissue Neoplasms / metabolism. Soft Tissue Neoplasms / pathology

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  • (PMID = 19817894.001).
  • [ISSN] 1365-2559
  • [Journal-full-title] Histopathology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Histopathology
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Biomarkers, Tumor; 0 / Membrane Proteins; EC 3.4.14.5 / Dipeptidyl Peptidase 4; EC 3.4.21.- / Serine Endopeptidases; EC 3.4.21.- / fibroblast activation protein alpha; EC 3.4.24.- / Gelatinases
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC2784039
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87. Moretti VM, de la Cruz M, Lackman RD, Fox EJ: Fibroma of tendon sheath in the knee: a report of three cases and literature review. Knee; 2010 Aug;17(4):306-9
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  • Fibroma of tendon sheath (FTS) is a rare and benign soft-tissue tumor.
  • Physical exam for knee FTS commonly reveals painful range of motion (50%), decreased range of motion (42%), and a palpable non-tender mass (33%).
  • MRI of FTS usually reveals a well-defined soft-tissue mass, with low signal on T1, variable signal on T2, and variable enhancement.
  • Despite its rarity, this lesion should be included in the differential diagnosis of a knee mass on physical exam or imaging, especially if it is painful, benign appearing, and present in a middle-aged male.
  • [MeSH-major] Fibroma / pathology. Knee Joint / pathology. Soft Tissue Neoplasms / pathology. Tendons / pathology

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  • [Copyright] Copyright 2010 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
  • (PMID = 20347314.001).
  • [ISSN] 1873-5800
  • [Journal-full-title] The Knee
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Knee
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Netherlands
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88. Abou-Nukta F, Fiedler P, Parkash V, Arons J: Superficial acral fibromyxoma of the distal phalanx of the thumb. J Hand Surg Br; 2006 Dec;31(6):619-20
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  • Superficial acral fibromyxoma is an uncommon benign tumour which was first described recently (Fetsch et al., 2001, Human Pathology 32: 704-714).
  • [MeSH-major] Fibroma / surgery. Nails / surgery. Soft Tissue Neoplasms / surgery. Thumb / surgery

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  • (PMID = 16962691.001).
  • [ISSN] 0266-7681
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of hand surgery (Edinburgh, Scotland)
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Hand Surg Br
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Scotland
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89. Nuruddin M, Osmani M, Mudhar HS, Fernando M: Orbital lipofibromatosis in a child: a case report. Orbit; 2010 Dec;29(6):360-2
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  • PURPOSE: Lipofibromatosis is a rare, benign, soft tissue tumor that typically involves extremities particularly in children.
  • Orbital imaging showed a soft tissue mass superolateral to the globe with possible infiltration into the lacrimal gland and lateral rectus muscle.
  • Histopathological examination revealed that the lesion consisted of adipose tissue with fibroblastic elements, being consistent with a diagnosis of lipofibromatosis.
  • Diagnosis can be confirmed by histopathological analysis.
  • [MeSH-major] Fibroma / pathology. Lipoma / pathology. Orbital Neoplasms / pathology. Orbital Neoplasms / surgery
  • [MeSH-minor] Biopsy, Needle. Blepharoptosis / diagnosis. Blepharoptosis / etiology. Child. Female. Follow-Up Studies. Humans. Immunohistochemistry. Ophthalmologic Surgical Procedures / methods. Rare Diseases. Tomography, X-Ray Computed / methods. Treatment Outcome

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  • (PMID = 21158580.001).
  • [ISSN] 1744-5108
  • [Journal-full-title] Orbit (Amsterdam, Netherlands)
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Orbit
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] England
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90. Delfino S, Toto V, Brunetti B, Bianchi A, Baldi A, Persichetti P: Recurrent atypical eccrine spiradenoma of the forehead. In Vivo; 2008 Nov-Dec;22(6):821-3
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  • Eccrine spiradenoma is an uncommon but well recognized benign adnexal tumour of the eccrine sweat glands.
  • We report a case of eccrine spiradenoma in a thirty-six-year-old man who presented with a recurrent soft-tissue neoplasm of the forehead, with cytological atypia.
  • The differential diagnosis of this tumour, as well as its possible malignant transformation, is discussed.
  • [MeSH-major] Soft Tissue Neoplasms / surgery. Sweat Gland Neoplasms / surgery

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  • (PMID = 19181014.001).
  • [ISSN] 0258-851X
  • [Journal-full-title] In vivo (Athens, Greece)
  • [ISO-abbreviation] In Vivo
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] Greece
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91. Zaidi AH, Ashraf M, Mamoon N, Amin MU: Granular cell tumour of the common bile duct. J Coll Physicians Surg Pak; 2007 Sep;17(9):572-3
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  • [Title] Granular cell tumour of the common bile duct.
  • Granular cell tumors (GCTs) are rare soft tissue neoplasms and occur in different parts of the body.
  • We report a case of granular cell tumour of common bile duct (CBD) in a 39 years old lady, presenting with obstructive jaundice.
  • Magnetic resonance cholangiopancreatography (MRCP) showed it as a benign looking mass in CBD.
  • Complete surgical excision of the tumour was done.

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  • (PMID = 17903412.001).
  • [ISSN] 1022-386X
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of the College of Physicians and Surgeons--Pakistan : JCPSP
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Coll Physicians Surg Pak
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Pakistan
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92. Xu Y, Jing Y, Ma S, Ma F, Wang Y, Ma W, Li Q: Primary angioleiomyoma in the sellar region: a case report and literature review. Clin Neuropathol; 2010 Jan-Feb;29(1):21-5
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  • OBJECTIVE: Angioleiomyoma (vascular leiomyomas, angiomyoma) is a rare, benign soft tissue tumor which consists of a mixture of well-differentiated smooth muscle cells and thick-walled vessels.
  • Gross total resection of the tumor was then performed.
  • The pertinent literature regarding the features of this tumor was reviewed and discussed.
  • CONCLUSIONS: Intracranial angioleiomyoma is a benign soft tissue tumor with excellent prognosis.
  • Early diagnosis of this tumor is difficult.
  • [MeSH-major] Angiomyoma / pathology. Brain / pathology. Brain Neoplasms / pathology
  • [MeSH-minor] Adrenocorticotropic Hormone / metabolism. Early Diagnosis. Humans. Magnetic Resonance Imaging. Male. Middle Aged. Neurologic Examination. Prognosis

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  • (PMID = 20040329.001).
  • [ISSN] 0722-5091
  • [Journal-full-title] Clinical neuropathology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Clin. Neuropathol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] Germany
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 9002-60-2 / Adrenocorticotropic Hormone
  • [Number-of-references] 14
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93. Adnani A, Chellaoui M, Chat L, Dafiri R: [Unusual appearance of axillary lipoblastoma of infancy]. J Radiol; 2005 Sep;86(9 Pt 1):1043-5
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  • Lipoblastoma is an uncommon benign soft tissue tumor of infancy and early childhood with a predilection for the extremities.
  • CT and MRI can confirm the presence of fat components in the tumor.
  • By showing lipoblastoma proliferation, histology confirms the diagnosis.
  • [MeSH-major] Axilla / pathology. Lipoma / congenital. Soft Tissue Neoplasms / congenital
  • [MeSH-minor] Biopsy. Female. Humans. Infant. Magnetic Resonance Imaging. Neoplasm Recurrence, Local / pathology. Tomography, X-Ray Computed

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  • (PMID = 16224347.001).
  • [ISSN] 0221-0363
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal de radiologie
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Radiol
  • [Language] fre
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] France
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94. Manduch M, Oliveira AM, Nascimento AG, Folpe AL: Massive localised lymphoedema: a clinicopathological study of 22 cases and review of the literature. J Clin Pathol; 2009 Sep;62(9):808-11
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  • 22 morbidly obese adults (mean patient weight 186 kg) presented with unilateral, large soft tissue lesions of longstanding duration.
  • Clinically, most lesions were regarded as representing benign processes, including pedunculated lipoma, lymphocoele or recurrent cellulites, although soft tissue sarcoma was also suspected in two cases.
  • Multinucleated fibroblastic cells, marked vascular proliferation, moderate stromal cellularity and fascicular growth raised concern among referring pathologists for atypical lipomatous tumour/well differentiated liposarcoma, angiosarcoma, and a fibroblastic neoplasm such as fibromatosis in 10, 2 and 1 case, respectively.
  • CONCLUSION: The diagnosis of MLL continues to be challenging, in particular for pathologists.
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Aged. Cellulitis / diagnosis. Diagnosis, Differential. Female. Follow-Up Studies. Humans. Leg / pathology. Lipoma / diagnosis. Lymphocele / diagnosis. Male. Middle Aged. Obesity, Morbid / complications. Retrospective Studies. Sarcoma / diagnosis. Soft Tissue Neoplasms / diagnosis

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  • (PMID = 19734477.001).
  • [ISSN] 1472-4146
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of clinical pathology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Clin. Pathol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Number-of-references] 23
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95. Kohlhof JK, Müller-Richter U, Driemel O, Sachs H: [Pleomorphic malignant fibrous histiocytoma of the periorbital region]. Klin Monbl Augenheilkd; 2007 Mar;224(3):203-6
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Transliterated title] Pleomorphes malignes fibröses Histiozytom der Periorbitalregion.
  • BACKGROUND: Pleomorphic malignant fibrous histiocytomas (undifferentiated pleomorphic sarcomas) belong to the soft tissue tumours and are more likely in elder patients.
  • PATIENT: A 91 year old female patient presented because of a prominent tumour in the upper right periorbital region.
  • As stated in the case history, the tumour had developed within the previous 6 months.
  • The tumour measured about 3 x 4 cm.
  • Due to the mass of the tumour a ptosis was present.
  • CLINIC: Neither CT nor MRI could give a clue to the tumour entity.
  • A biopsy was classified as a malignant fibrous tumour with the subclassification of an atypical fibroxanthoma.
  • The final histopathological classification after total excision of the tumour showed perineural growth and angioinvasion.
  • Therefore the tumour classification was changed to pleomorphic malignant fibrous histiocytoma (undifferentiated pleomorphic sarcoma).
  • CONCLUSION: The histopathological examination could not provide the correct diagnosis initially.
  • Immunohistochemical stainings (Vimentin) were carried out to characterise the tumour.
  • This underlines that even with state of the art procedures the classification of neoplasias can be very difficult.
  • In the process of finding the right diagnosis sometimes a change from benign to malignant occurs and alters the treatment regime.
  • [MeSH-major] Histiocytoma, Malignant Fibrous / pathology. Histiocytoma, Malignant Fibrous / radiography. Orbital Neoplasms / pathology. Orbital Neoplasms / radiography


96. Winterbottom CT: Positive psoas sign in presentation of retroperitoneal malignant triton tumour. BMJ Case Rep; 2010;2010
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  • [Title] Positive psoas sign in presentation of retroperitoneal malignant triton tumour.
  • This article describes a case of a rare malignant neoplasm presenting to the emergency department with common symptomatology and its subsequent identification using a simple physical examination technique.
  • Discussion includes a description of this rare soft tissue sarcoma and a consideration of the value of the psoas sign as a part of the routine abdominal exam to detect intra-abdominal and retroperitoneal pathology.
  • In conclusion, this article acts as a reminder to all clinicians that uncommon and significant pathology may present to the emergency department masquerading as a common, seemingly benign, complaint, but can be clinically identified using simple techniques available to all and rapidly investigated using appropriate special investigations.

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  • (PMID = 22479296.001).
  • [ISSN] 1757-790X
  • [Journal-full-title] BMJ case reports
  • [ISO-abbreviation] BMJ Case Rep
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC3047516
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97. Sanki A, Li W, Colman M, Karim RZ, Thompson JF, Scolyer RA: Reduced expression of p16 and p27 is correlated with tumour progression in cutaneous melanoma. Pathology; 2007 Dec;39(6):551-7
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  • [Title] Reduced expression of p16 and p27 is correlated with tumour progression in cutaneous melanoma.
  • AIMS: To determine if the cyclin dependent kinase inhibitors (CDKIs) p16 and p27 show reduced expression in the progression from benign to malignant melanocytic tumours, and to correlate these findings with patient prognosis.
  • These specimens included nine compound naevi, 10 dysplastic naevi, 17 thin (<1 mm) melanomas, 22 thick (>1 mm) melanomas, nine in-transit metastases, 13 lymph node metastases, and 12 soft tissue metastases.
  • RESULTS: A significant loss of expression of p16 and p27 was found with tumour progression.
  • Expression of p27 was greater in lymph node and in-transit metastases (63.6%), but lower in soft tissue metastases (36.4%).
  • Positive expression of nuclear p16 was evident in 73.7% of benign naevi, 28.2% of primary melanomas and 14.7% of metastatic melanomas.
  • Neither p16 nor p27 expression was significantly correlated with overall survival, disease free survival or other clinicopathological markers.
  • CONCLUSIONS: The CDKIs p16 and p27 are associated with tumour progression in melanoma, but do not reliably predict recurrence or survival.
  • [MeSH-major] Cyclin-Dependent Kinase Inhibitor p16 / metabolism. Cyclin-Dependent Kinase Inhibitor p27 / metabolism. Melanoma / metabolism. Skin Neoplasms / metabolism
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Aged. Aged, 80 and over. Biomarkers, Tumor / metabolism. Disease Progression. Female. Humans. Immunoenzyme Techniques. Male. Middle Aged. Neoplasm Staging. Survival Rate

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  • (PMID = 18027257.001).
  • [ISSN] 0031-3025
  • [Journal-full-title] Pathology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Pathology
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Biomarkers, Tumor; 0 / Cyclin-Dependent Kinase Inhibitor p16; 147604-94-2 / Cyclin-Dependent Kinase Inhibitor p27
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98. Miettinen M, Fetsch JF: Evaluation of biological potential of smooth muscle tumours. Histopathology; 2006 Jan;48(1):97-105
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • Smooth muscle tumours (SMTs) have been traditionally divided into benign leiomyomas (LM) and malignant leiomyosarcomas (LMS) based on cytological atypia, mitotic activity and other criteria.
  • For most non-hormonally influenced SMTs, the presence of significant atypia plus mitotic activity equates with a diagnosis of LMS.
  • However, not all tumours classified as LMSs have a similar prognosis, as a number of other factors, including tumour size, depth, grade and resectability, affect outcome.
  • Angioleiomyoma is the most common SMT of peripheral soft tissues, but deep peripheral LMs are distinctly rare and should be approached with caution.
  • Hormonally influenced oestrogen- and progesterone receptor-positive uterine and extrauterine SMTs in women have unique criteria, including the allowance of higher mitotic activity for the benign LM designation.
  • This review summarizes the current knowledge, guidelines, prognostic data and controversies for the classification of SMTs of soft tissue and most visceral sites.
  • [MeSH-major] Muscle, Smooth / pathology. Neoplasms, Muscle Tissue / pathology
  • [MeSH-minor] Actins / analysis. Diagnosis, Differential. Humans. Immunohistochemistry. Leiomyoma / metabolism. Leiomyoma / pathology. Leiomyosarcoma / metabolism. Leiomyosarcoma / pathology. Mitotic Index. Prognosis

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  • (PMID = 16359541.001).
  • [ISSN] 0309-0167
  • [Journal-full-title] Histopathology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Histopathology
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Actins
  • [Number-of-references] 43
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99. Heffernan EJ, Hayes MM, Alkubaidan FO, Clarkson PW, Munk PL: Aggressive angiomyxoma of the thigh. Skeletal Radiol; 2008 Jul;37(7):673-8
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • Aggressive angiomyxoma is a rare tumour that typically occurs in the perineum in women of reproductive age.
  • While benign, the tumour is locally infiltrative and consequently has a high rate of local recurrence following surgery; therefore, accurate pre-operative diagnosis is important.
  • We describe a case of aggressive angiomyxoma arising in the thigh of a 54-year-old man, which we believe is the first reported instance of this rare neoplasm occurring remote from the pelvis or perineum in a male patient.
  • At histological analysis, the tumour exhibited the characteristic features of aggressive angiomyxoma, with bland spindle cells and large, hyalinised blood vessels in a hypocellular myxoid matrix.
  • Extensive immunohistochemical staining further supported the diagnosis.
  • While the imaging features of these tumours are non-specific and suggestive of myxoid neoplasms, the diagnosis should be considered whenever biopsy of a myxoid-appearing mass yields hypocellular, non-diagnostic material, despite adequate sampling.
  • [MeSH-major] Magnetic Resonance Imaging. Myxoma / diagnosis. Soft Tissue Neoplasms / diagnosis. Thigh / diagnostic imaging. Thigh / pathology. Tomography, X-Ray Computed

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  • (PMID = 18338163.001).
  • [ISSN] 0364-2348
  • [Journal-full-title] Skeletal radiology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Skeletal Radiol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Germany
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100. Tanko NM, Echejoh GO, Manasseh NA, Mandong MB, Uba AF: Paediatric solid tumours in Nigerian children: a changing pattern? Afr J Paediatr Surg; 2009 Jan-Jun;6(1):7-10
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  • Ninety-four (51%) were benign and 87 (49%) malignant.
  • The commonest malignant tumour diagnosed was rhabdomyosarcoma which accounted for 27 (31%), comprising of 15 (55.6%), 11 (40.7%) and 1 (3.7%) embryonal, alveolar and pleomorphic rhabdomyosarcomas, respectively.
  • This has implications for diagnosis, management and prognosis of theses soft tissue sarcomas in our paediatric population.
  • [MeSH-major] Neoplasms / epidemiology. Neoplasms / pathology. Rhabdomyosarcoma / epidemiology. Rhabdomyosarcoma / pathology

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  • (PMID = 19661657.001).
  • [ISSN] 0974-5998
  • [Journal-full-title] African journal of paediatric surgery : AJPS
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Afr J Paediatr Surg
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Comparative Study; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Nigeria
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