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1. Rakhshani N, Hormazdi M, Abolhasani M, Shahzadi M: Benign metastasizing leiomyoma of the uterus. Arch Iran Med; 2007 Jan;10(1):97-9
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Benign metastasizing leiomyoma of the uterus.
  • Herein, we report on a well-characterized benign metastasizing leiomyoma, presented in an unusual site.
  • Up to the knowledge of authors, so far, only 76 cases of benign metastasizing leiomyoma have been reported.
  • The tumor presented as a retroperitoneal mass three years after a hysterectomy Performed for leiomyomatosis of the uterus with extensive areas of hyalinization.
  • Histopathologic and immunohistochemical studies of the resected mass were similar to the uterine leiomyoma, showing moderate cellularity of bland looking smooth muscle cells with minimal atypia, inconspicuous mitosis, and no necrosis in a hyalinized background.

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  • (PMID = 17198463.001).
  • [ISSN] 1029-2977
  • [Journal-full-title] Archives of Iranian medicine
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Arch Iran Med
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Iran
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2. Carinelli S, Motta F, Frontino G, Restelli E, Fedele L: Multiple extrauterine adenomyomas and uterus-like masses: case reports and review of the literature. Fertil Steril; 2009 May;91(5):1956.e9-11
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  • PATIENT(S): Two patients without urogenital malformations diagnosed with extrauterine adenomyoma, which is a benign tumor composed of smooth muscle and endometrium, typically originating within the uterus.

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  • (PMID = 19254794.001).
  • [ISSN] 1556-5653
  • [Journal-full-title] Fertility and sterility
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Fertil. Steril.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 33515-09-2 / Gonadotropin-Releasing Hormone
  • [Number-of-references] 19
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3. Suresh L, Matsumura E, Calixto LE, Ruckert E, Aguirre A: Intraosseous angiomyoma of the mandible. Gen Dent; 2007 Mar-Apr;55(2):132-5
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  • Leiomyoma is a benign smooth muscle tumor that usually is found in the uterus, gastrointestinal tract, or skin.

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  • (PMID = 17333986.001).
  • [ISSN] 0363-6771
  • [Journal-full-title] General dentistry
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Gen Dent
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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4. Corben AD, Lerwill MF: Use of Myoepithelial Cell Markers in the Differential Diagnosis of Benign, In situ, and Invasive Lesions of the Breast. Surg Pathol Clin; 2009 Jun;2(2):351-73
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Use of Myoepithelial Cell Markers in the Differential Diagnosis of Benign, In situ, and Invasive Lesions of the Breast.
  • The approach takes advantage of the fact that conventional invasive carcinomas lack surrounding myoepithelial cells, whereas nearly all benign lesions and in situ carcinomas retain their myoepithelial cell layer.
  • Although conceptually straightforward, the interpretation of myoepithelial cell markers can be complicated by misleading patterns of reactivity (such as stromal or tumor cell staining) or lack of reactivity (due to reduced numbers of myoepithelial cells or variable antigenicity).
  • Myoepithelial cell markers can be diagnostically useful in the distinction of many benign, in situ, and invasive lesions, but they must be interpreted in conjunction with careful morphologic analysis.

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  • [Copyright] Copyright © 2009. Published by Elsevier Inc.
  • (PMID = 26838326.001).
  • [ISSN] 1875-9181
  • [Journal-full-title] Surgical pathology clinics
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Surg Pathol Clin
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Keywords] NOTNLM ; Breast / Calponin / In situ carcinoma / Invasive carcinoma / Myoepithelial cell / Smooth muscle actin / Smooth muscle myosin heavy chain / p63
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5. Talati H, Radhi J, Popovich S, Marcaccio M: Hepatic Epithelioid Angiomyolipoma: Case Series. Gastroenterology Res; 2010 Dec;3(6):293-295
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  • : Hepatic epithelioid angiomyolipoma (AML) is a rare, benign, mesenchymal neoplasm found in both males and females, and most commonly encountered in adult females.
  • The tumor cells are strongly positive for homatropine methylbromide-45 (HMB-45) and smooth muscle actin by immunohistochemistry, which are the key markers for accurate pathological diagnosis.

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  • (PMID = 27942312.001).
  • [ISSN] 1918-2805
  • [Journal-full-title] Gastroenterology research
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Gastroenterology Res
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Canada
  • [Keywords] NOTNLM ; Adenoma / Epithelioid angiomyolipoma / Hepatocellular carcinoma / Liver
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6. Rouquie D, Eggenspieler P, Algayres JP, Béchade D, Camparo P, Baranger B: [Malignant-like angiomyolipoma of the liver: report of one case and review of the literature]. Ann Chir; 2006 May;131(5):338-41
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  • Frequently found in kidney, angiomyolipoma is a rare mesenchymal tumor when diagnosed in the liver and usually benign composed of proliferative blood vessels, fatty tissue and smooth muscle.
  • We report the case of a 67-year-old woman who underwent a left hepatectomy for a 4th segment tumor unidentified after imaging and fine needle biopsy.

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  • (PMID = 16386232.001).
  • [ISSN] 0003-3944
  • [Journal-full-title] Annales de chirurgie
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Ann Chir
  • [Language] fre
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; English Abstract; Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] France
  • [Number-of-references] 16
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7. Ruan J, Hyjek E, Kermani P, Christos PJ, Hooper AT, Coleman M, Hempstead B, Leonard JP, Chadburn A, Rafii S: Magnitude of stromal hemangiogenesis correlates with histologic subtype of non-Hodgkin's lymphoma. Clin Cancer Res; 2006 Oct 1;12(19):5622-31
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • PURPOSE: Tumor stromal microenvironment promotes neoplastic growth and angiogenesis.
  • Here, we investigated whether stromal incorporation of CD68(+) hemangiogenic cells and alpha-smooth muscle actin(+) (alpha-SMA(+)) stromal cells correlates with neoangiogenesis and progression in human non-Hodgkin's lymphoma subtypes.
  • EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN: Spatial localizations of vascular and stromal cells expressing CD34, VEGFR-1, alpha-SMA, and CD68 were examined by immunohistochemistry in 42 cases of non-Hodgkin's lymphoma, including diffuse large B-cell lymphoma, Burkitt lymphoma, follicular lymphoma, and chronic lymphocytic leukemia/small lymphocytic lymphoma (CLL/SLL), and compared with benign follicular hyperplasia.
  • [MeSH-minor] Actins / metabolism. Adult. Aged. Aged, 80 and over. Antigens, CD / metabolism. Antigens, CD34 / metabolism. Antigens, Differentiation, Myelomonocytic / metabolism. Burkitt Lymphoma / metabolism. Burkitt Lymphoma / pathology. Female. Humans. Leukemia, Lymphocytic, Chronic, B-Cell / metabolism. Leukemia, Lymphocytic, Chronic, B-Cell / pathology. Lymphoma, Follicular / metabolism. Lymphoma, Follicular / pathology. Lymphoma, Large B-Cell, Diffuse / metabolism. Lymphoma, Large B-Cell, Diffuse / pathology. Male. Microcirculation. Middle Aged. Muscle, Smooth / metabolism. Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor A / metabolism. Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor Receptor-1 / metabolism. Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor Receptor-2 / metabolism

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  • (PMID = 17020964.001).
  • [ISSN] 1078-0432
  • [Journal-full-title] Clinical cancer research : an official journal of the American Association for Cancer Research
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Clin. Cancer Res.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Grant] United States / NHLBI NIH HHS / HL / HL 075234; United States / NHLBI NIH HHS / HL / HL 59312; United States / NHLBI NIH HHS / HL / HL 67839; United States / NCRR NIH HHS / RR / K23 RR 016814
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Actins; 0 / Antigens, CD; 0 / Antigens, CD34; 0 / Antigens, Differentiation, Myelomonocytic; 0 / CD68 antigen, human; 0 / VEGFA protein, human; 0 / Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor A; EC 2.7.10.1 / Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor Receptor-1; EC 2.7.10.1 / Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor Receptor-2
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8. Dzodic R, Stanojevic B, Saenko V, Nakashima M, Markovic I, Pupic G, Buta M, Inic M, Rogounovitch T, Yamashita S: Intraductal papilloma of ectopic breast tissue in axillary lymph node of a patient with a previous intraductal papilloma of ipsilateral breast: a case report and review of the literature. Diagn Pathol; 2010;5:17
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  • The presence of ectopic breast tissue in axillary lymph nodes (ALN) is a benign condition that must be differentiated from primary or metastatic carcinoma.
  • Immunostaining with a set of immunohistochemical markers including AE/AE3, alpha-smooth muscle actin and p63 in combination with estrogen and progesterone receptors confirmed the diagnosis of ectopic IDP.This case shows that even though benign proliferative change in ectopic breast tissue is an extremely rare phenomenon, this possibility should be taken into account for correct diagnosis.
  • [MeSH-major] Biomarkers, Tumor / analysis. Breast. Breast Neoplasms / pathology. Choristoma. Lymphatic Diseases / pathology. Neoplasms, Second Primary / diagnosis. Papilloma, Intraductal / pathology

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  • (PMID = 20222992.001).
  • [ISSN] 1746-1596
  • [Journal-full-title] Diagnostic pathology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Diagn Pathol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Biomarkers, Tumor
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC2841131
  • [General-notes] NLM/ Original DateCompleted: 20100609
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9. Fukui S, Torimoto K, Nakai Y, Kagebayashi Y, Samma S, Shimada K: [Leiomyoma of the spermatic cord: a case report]. Hinyokika Kiyo; 2009 Apr;55(4):237-9
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  • The patient received a 12-month course of watching without medication, because these findings suggested the mass was a benign tumor.
  • However, the tumor gradually increased in size to 50 mm in diameter during the period.
  • The tumor probably arose from the smooth muscle of the vessel in the spermatic cord.

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  • (PMID = 19462832.001).
  • [ISSN] 0018-1994
  • [Journal-full-title] Hinyokika kiyo. Acta urologica Japonica
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Hinyokika Kiyo
  • [Language] jpn
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Japan
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10. Senay S, Kaya U, Cagil H, Demirkiran F, Alhan C: Surgical management of intravenous leiomyoma with cardiac extension. Do we need total circulatory arrest? Thorac Cardiovasc Surg; 2007 Aug;55(5):322-3
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • Intravenous leiomyoma of the uterus is a histologically benign, smooth-muscle tumor and may extend through the inferior vena cava into the right atrium.
  • Surgical treatment is mandatory and single-stage resection of the tumor has gained wide acceptance as a safe and easy procedure.
  • [MeSH-major] Angiomyoma / pathology. Angiomyoma / surgery. Heart Arrest, Induced. Neoplasm Recurrence, Local / pathology. Uterine Neoplasms / pathology. Uterus / blood supply. Uterus / pathology. Vena Cava, Inferior / pathology

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  • (PMID = 17629864.001).
  • [ISSN] 0171-6425
  • [Journal-full-title] The Thoracic and cardiovascular surgeon
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Thorac Cardiovasc Surg
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Germany
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11. Ozolek JA, Barnes EL, Hunt JL: Basal/myoepithelial cells in chronic sinusitis, respiratory epithelial adenomatoid hamartoma, inverted papilloma, and intestinal-type and nonintestinal-type sinonasal adenocarcinoma: an immunohistochemical study. Arch Pathol Lab Med; 2007 Apr;131(4):530-7
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • The immunophenotype of the basal/myoepithelial layer has not been fully examined in benign glandular lesions of the sinonasal tract.
  • OBJECTIVE: To examine benign and malignant glandular lesions in the sinonasal tract for the immunophenotype of basal/myoepithelial cells, proliferation index, and cytokeratin and intestinal differentiation profiles.
  • DESIGN: Sinonasal adenocarcinoma (intestinal-type adenocarcinoma [ITAC] and nonintestinal type adenocarcinoma [non-ITAC]), REAH, IP, and chronic sinusitis (CS) were stained for cytokeratin (CK) 7, CK20, 34betaE12, CDX-2, p63, Ki-67, smooth muscle actin (SMA), S100 protein, and calponin.
  • In benign lesions, proliferative activity is limited to the compartments with p63 staining.
  • [MeSH-minor] Actins / metabolism. Biomarkers, Tumor / analysis. Calcium-Binding Proteins / metabolism. Cell Proliferation. Chronic Disease. Diagnosis, Differential. Epithelial Cells / pathology. Female. Homeodomain Proteins / metabolism. Humans. Immunohistochemistry. Immunophenotyping. Ki-67 Antigen / metabolism. Male. Membrane Proteins / metabolism. Microfilament Proteins / metabolism. Middle Aged. S100 Proteins / metabolism. Trans-Activators / metabolism

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  • (PMID = 17425380.001).
  • [ISSN] 1543-2165
  • [Journal-full-title] Archives of pathology & laboratory medicine
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Arch. Pathol. Lab. Med.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Comparative Study; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Actins; 0 / Biomarkers, Tumor; 0 / CKAP4 protein, human; 0 / Calcium-Binding Proteins; 0 / Homeodomain Proteins; 0 / Ki-67 Antigen; 0 / Membrane Proteins; 0 / Microfilament Proteins; 0 / S100 Proteins; 0 / Trans-Activators; 0 / calponin; 156560-97-3 / Cdx-2-3 protein; 68238-35-7 / Keratins
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12. Araki E, Koide Y, Fujimoto K, Okazaki K: [Intravenous leiomyomatosis with extension into the right atrium: differential diagnosis from right atrial myxoma by intraoperative transesophageal echocardiography]. Masui; 2008 Aug;57(8):1008-12
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • Intravenous leiomyomatosis (IVL) is an uncommon neoplasm characterized by the growth of a benign-looking smooth muscle tumor into the venous system.
  • Intracardiac extension of this tumor is rare and may be misdiagnosed as right atrial myxoma unless the extracardiac part of the tumor is fully evaluated.
  • Intraoperative transesophageal echocardiography (TEE) revealed that the tumor had an extracardiac origin, resulting in tumor removal from the heart chamber and a part of the inferior vena cava (IVC) under circulatory arrest.
  • When the findings of no attachment of the tumor to the interatrial septum or the right atrial wall and the tumor extension through the IVC are obtained by TEE examination, IVL should be considered as a differential diagnosis.

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  • (PMID = 18710012.001).
  • [ISSN] 0021-4892
  • [Journal-full-title] Masui. The Japanese journal of anesthesiology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Masui
  • [Language] jpn
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Japan
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13. Koletsa T, Karayannopoulou G, Dereklis D, Vasileiadis I, Papadimitriou CS, Hytiroglou P: Mesectodermal leiomyoma of the ciliary body: report of a case and review of the literature. Pathol Res Pract; 2009;205(2):125-30
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • Mesectodermal leiomyoma of the ciliary body is a rare benign tumor with double (muscular and neural) differentiation.
  • This neoplasm is considered to originate from the ciliary body smooth muscle, a neural crest derivative.
  • The tumor measured 1.2cm in greatest dimension, and consisted of spindle and ovoid cells with abundant fibrillary cytoplasmic processes.
  • Immunohistochemical stains revealed positivity for smooth muscle actin, caldesmon, neuron-specific enolase, and CD56 antigen.
  • A review of the 23 cases thus far reported in the literature shows a striking predilection for women, as well as significant difficulties in differentiating this tumor from malignant melanoma on clinical grounds.
  • [MeSH-minor] Adolescent. Adult. Biomarkers, Tumor / analysis. Child. Female. Humans. Immunohistochemistry. Male. Middle Aged

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  • (PMID = 18930601.001).
  • [ISSN] 0344-0338
  • [Journal-full-title] Pathology, research and practice
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Pathol. Res. Pract.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Germany
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Biomarkers, Tumor
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14. Behzatoğlu K, Durak H, Canberk S, Aydin O, Huq GE, Oznur M, Ozyalvaçli G, Yildiz P: Giant cell tumor-like lesion of the urinary bladder: a report of two cases and literature review; giant cell tumor or undifferentiated carcinoma? Diagn Pathol; 2009;4:48
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  • [Title] Giant cell tumor-like lesion of the urinary bladder: a report of two cases and literature review; giant cell tumor or undifferentiated carcinoma?
  • Giant cell tumor, excluding its prototype in bone, is usually a benign but local aggressive neoplasm originating from tendon sheath or soft tissue.
  • Giant cell tumors in visceral organs usually accompany epithelial tumors and the clinical behavior of giant cell tumor in urinary bladder is similar to its bone counterpart.
  • Here, we report two cases of giant cell tumor located in urinary bladder in comparison with nine reported cases in the English literature.
  • One of the two cases we present had no concurrent urothelial tumor at the time of diagnosis but had a history of a low grade noninvasive urothelial carcinoma with three recurrences.
  • The histology of these two cases was similar to the giant cell tumor of bone and composed of oval to spindle mononuclear cells with evenly spaced osteoclast-like giant cells.
  • Immunohistochemical expression of vimentin, CD68, LCA, and smooth muscle actin in mononuclear cells supported a mesenchymal origin with histiocytic lineage.
  • The histologic and immunohistochemical properties in our cases as well as their clinical courses were consistent with a giant cell tumor.
  • Consequently, tumors in urinary bladder showing features of giant cell tumor of bone may also be considered and termed "giant cell tumor".

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  • (PMID = 20043822.001).
  • [ISSN] 1746-1596
  • [Journal-full-title] Diagnostic pathology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Diagn Pathol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC2811699
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16. Cantisani V, D'Ambrosio U, Olive M, Marsecano C, Guerrisi I, Medvedyeva E, Maldur V, Di Segni M, Malpassini F, Pepe A, Bassetti E: Vascular leiomyoma presenting as medial joint line pain of the knee. J Ultrasound; 2009 Dec;12(4):163-5
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • Vascular leiomyoma or angioleiomyoma is a rare benign solitary smooth muscle tumor that occurs mostly in the extremities.

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  • (PMID = 23396993.001).
  • [ISSN] 1971-3495
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of ultrasound
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Ultrasound
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Italy
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC3553096
  • [Keywords] NOTNLM ; MR / Subcutaneous tumors / US / Vascular leiomyoma
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17. Takahara M, Ichikawa R, Oda Y, Uchi H, Takeuchi S, Moroi Y, Kiryu H, Furue M: Desmoplastic fibroblastoma: a case presenting as a protruding nodule in the dermis. J Cutan Pathol; 2008 Oct;35 Suppl 1:70-3
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  • Desmoplastic fibroblastoma is a rare, benign, soft tissue tumor.
  • Histological examination from total excision showed a well-circumscribed tumor in the dermis, which comprised of spindle, oval and stellate cells arranged in a haphazard fashion, accompanied by abundant collagenous stroma and inconspicuous vasculature.
  • Immunohistochemically, the tumor cells were positive for vimentin, and focally positive for alpha-smooth muscle actin and muscle-specific actin, but negative for CD34, S-100 protein, desmin and beta-catenin.

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  • [Copyright] Copyright Blackwell Munksgaard 2008.
  • (PMID = 18544056.001).
  • [ISSN] 1600-0560
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of cutaneous pathology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Cutan. Pathol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Denmark
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18. Goh SG, Dayrit JF, Calonje E: Sarcomatoid eccrine porocarcinoma: report of two cases and a review of the literature. J Cutan Pathol; 2007 Jan;34(1):55-60
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  • We present two cases of sarcomatoid eccrine porocarcinoma associated with a benign poroma.
  • Case 1 pertained to an 82-year-old woman with an ulcerated chest wall tumor, and Case 2 was that of a 74-year-old woman who presented with an ulcerated plaque in the lower leg.
  • In both the cases, benign poromatous elements were histologically evident.
  • Epithelial membrane antigen and carcino-embryonic antigen positivity in the malignant ductal elements and focal smooth muscle actin staining of the spindle cells were demonstrated in Case 2.
  • [MeSH-minor] Actins / metabolism. Aged. Aged, 80 and over. Carcinoembryonic Antigen / metabolism. Female. Humans. Immunohistochemistry / methods. Keratins / metabolism. Mucin-1 / metabolism. Muscle, Smooth / metabolism. Sarcoma / pathology. Staining and Labeling

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  • (PMID = 17214856.001).
  • [ISSN] 0303-6987
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of cutaneous pathology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Cutan. Pathol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] Denmark
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Actins; 0 / Carcinoembryonic Antigen; 0 / Mucin-1; 68238-35-7 / Keratins
  • [Number-of-references] 31
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19. Merani R, Khannah G, Mann S, Ghabrial R: Orbital leiomyoma: a case report with clinical, radiological and pathological correlation. Clin Exp Ophthalmol; 2005 Aug;33(4):408-11
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  • Orbital leiomyoma is a benign tumour of smooth muscle origin that can be clinically, radiologically and histopathologically difficult to diagnose due to the rarity of leiomyomas in this location.
  • Leiomyoma is a tumour that is rarely found in the orbit most likely due to the paucity of smooth muscle in this location.
  • [MeSH-minor] Actins / analysis. Aged. Antigens, CD34 / analysis. Biomarkers, Tumor / analysis. Desmin / analysis. Diagnosis, Differential. Female. Humans. Immunohistochemistry. Magnetic Resonance Imaging. Ophthalmologic Surgical Procedures. Tomography, X-Ray Computed

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  • (PMID = 16033356.001).
  • [ISSN] 1442-6404
  • [Journal-full-title] Clinical & experimental ophthalmology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Clin. Experiment. Ophthalmol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Australia
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Actins; 0 / Antigens, CD34; 0 / Biomarkers, Tumor; 0 / Desmin
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20. Hyams ES, Provet J: Angiomyolipoma of the left ureterovesical junction. Rev Urol; 2007;9(2):84-8
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  • Angiomyolipoma (AML) is a benign tumor that typically consists of 3 tissue elements: thick-walled blood vessels, smooth muscle cells, and adipocytes.

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  • [Cites] Br J Radiol. 1998 Sep;71(849):977-9 [10195016.001]
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  • (PMID = 17592543.001).
  • [ISSN] 1523-6161
  • [Journal-full-title] Reviews in urology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Rev Urol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC1892627
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21. Beer TW, Drury P, Heenan PJ: Atypical fibroxanthoma: a histological and immunohistochemical review of 171 cases. Am J Dermatopathol; 2010 Aug;32(6):533-40
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  • Seventy-four percent of cases expressed smooth muscle actin, typically strongly and diffusely.
  • [MeSH-major] Histiocytoma, Benign Fibrous / pathology. Skin Neoplasms / pathology
  • [MeSH-minor] Actins / metabolism. Adult. Aged. Aged, 80 and over. Biomarkers, Tumor / metabolism. Carcinoma, Squamous Cell / diagnosis. Diagnosis, Differential. Female. Humans. Immunohistochemistry. Male. Middle Aged


22. Watanabe H, Ishida Y, Nagashima K, Makino T, Norisugi O, Shimizu T: Desmoplastic fibroblastoma (collagenous fibroma). J Dermatol; 2008 Feb;35(2):93-7
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  • Desmoplastic fibroblastoma (DF) is a rare fibrotic tumor that has a wide anatomic distribution and it can appear in deep sections of the subcutis, in fascia, in aponeurosis or in skeletal muscles.
  • The entrapment of fat and muscle tissues was focally identified at the edges of the tumor.
  • The stellate and multinucleated cells in the lesion were strongly positive for vimentin but negative for cytokeratin, smooth muscle actin, desmin, S-100, CD34, factor XIIIa, and CD68.
  • These findings suggest that the stellate and multinucleated cells in the lesion were of fibroblastic origin and this neoplasm was pathologically benign.

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  • (PMID = 18271804.001).
  • [ISSN] 0385-2407
  • [Journal-full-title] The Journal of dermatology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Dermatol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Japan
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23. De Dominicis G, Boscaino A, Marsilia GM, D'Antonio A, Nappi O: Clear cell "sugar" tumors of urethra: a previously undescribed occurrence and review of published data. Urology; 2009 Sep;74(3):542-3
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  • Clear cell "sugar" tumor is a rare benign tumor considered as a member of the family of perivascular epithelioid cell tumors.
  • To the best of our knowledge, this is the first case of clear cell "sugar" tumor presented as a mass protruding from the urethra in a 15-year-old girl.
  • Pathologic examination revealed a tumor composed of epithelioid cells with "water" clear cytoplasm that stained positively for melanocytic and smooth muscle-specific markers.
  • Treatment of this tumor included a surgical excision and complete removal of the urethral mass, with examination of surgical margins.

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  • (PMID = 19589571.001).
  • [ISSN] 1527-9995
  • [Journal-full-title] Urology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Urology
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Number-of-references] 4
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24. Pacchioni D, Volante M, Casetta G, Sapino A, Marchiò C, Bussolati G: Myxoid renal tumor with myoepithelial differentiation mimicking a salivary gland pleomorphic adenoma: description of a case. Am J Surg Pathol; 2007 Apr;31(4):632-6
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  • [Title] Myxoid renal tumor with myoepithelial differentiation mimicking a salivary gland pleomorphic adenoma: description of a case.
  • We herein report an unusual case of a low-grade myxoid renal epithelial neoplasm, with peculiar and previously unreported morphologic and immunohistochemical features.
  • The immunohistochemical profile interestingly confirmed the myoepithelial differentiation of the basal epithelial layer, as demonstrated by the coexpression of several myoepithelial markers such as p63, caldesmon, calponin, smooth muscle actin, and S-100, together with epithelial markers such as low and high-molecular weight cytokeratins.
  • The tumor proved benign at follow-up.
  • A definitive classification and histogenetic interpretation of this previously unreported tumor type awaits description of further cases showing similar features which, perhaps, as it may happen, went so far unnoticed.
  • [MeSH-minor] Adenoma, Pleomorphic / pathology. Aged. Biomarkers, Tumor / analysis. Diagnosis, Differential. Humans. Immunohistochemistry. Male. Salivary Gland Neoplasms / pathology

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  • (PMID = 17414112.001).
  • [ISSN] 0147-5185
  • [Journal-full-title] The American journal of surgical pathology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Am. J. Surg. Pathol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Biomarkers, Tumor
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25. Ip PP, Cheung AN, Clement PB: Uterine smooth muscle tumors of uncertain malignant potential (STUMP): a clinicopathologic analysis of 16 cases. Am J Surg Pathol; 2009 Jul;33(7):992-1005
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  • [Title] Uterine smooth muscle tumors of uncertain malignant potential (STUMP): a clinicopathologic analysis of 16 cases.
  • BACKGROUND: The current World Health Organization classification indicates that a uterine smooth muscle tumor that cannot be histologically diagnosed as unequivocally benign or malignant should be termed "smooth muscle tumor of uncertain malignant potential" (STUMP).
  • DESIGN: The clinicopathologic features of 16 cases of STUMP that exhibited usual smooth muscle differentiation, diagnosed between 1992 and 2006 from 11 hospitals, were studied and classified into 4 subgroups using terminology and criteria described by Stanford investigators.
  • RESULTS: The tumors were classified as follows: 6 as "atypical leiomyoma with limited experience", 7 as "smooth muscle tumor of low malignant potential", 2 as "atypical leiomyoma, low risk of recurrence," and 1 as "mitotically active leiomyoma, limited experience."
  • Only 2 tumors recurred, at 15 and 51 months, respectively; both were atypical leiomyoma with limited experience (multifocal moderate-to-severe atypia, no tumor cell necrosis, and mitotic counts of 4 and 5 mitotic figures /10 high-power fields, respectively).
  • Both tumors had areas that were indistinguishable from benign leiomyoma and both had diffuse immunoreactivity for p16 and p53.
  • Six other tumors that had focal staining for these markers all had a benign outcome.
  • CONCLUSIONS: This and other studies suggest that uterine tumors classified as STUMPs using criteria proposed by Stanford investigators are usually clinically benign but should be considered tumors of low malignant potential because they can occasionally recur, in some cases, years after hysterectomy.
  • [MeSH-major] Smooth Muscle Tumor / pathology. Uterine Neoplasms / pathology
  • [MeSH-minor] Biomarkers, Tumor / analysis. Cyclin-Dependent Kinase Inhibitor p16 / biosynthesis. Female. Humans. Immunohistochemistry. Middle Aged. Neoplasm Recurrence, Local / epidemiology. Neoplasm Recurrence, Local / pathology. Receptors, Estrogen / biosynthesis. Receptors, Progesterone / biosynthesis. Tumor Suppressor Protein p53 / biosynthesis. Ubiquitin-Protein Ligases / biosynthesis

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  • (PMID = 19417585.001).
  • [ISSN] 1532-0979
  • [Journal-full-title] The American journal of surgical pathology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Am. J. Surg. Pathol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Biomarkers, Tumor; 0 / Cyclin-Dependent Kinase Inhibitor p16; 0 / Receptors, Estrogen; 0 / Receptors, Progesterone; 0 / Tumor Suppressor Protein p53; EC 6.3.2.19 / MIB1 ligase, human; EC 6.3.2.19 / Ubiquitin-Protein Ligases
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26. Yu Y, Fuhr J, Boye E, Gyorffy S, Soker S, Atala A, Mulliken JB, Bischoff J: Mesenchymal stem cells and adipogenesis in hemangioma involution. Stem Cells; 2006 Jun;24(6):1605-12
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  • Hemangioma is a benign tumor of infancy whose hallmark is rapid growth during the first year of life followed by slow regression during early childhood.
  • We postulated that mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) reside in the tumor and preferentially differentiate into adipocytes.
  • These hemangioma-derived MSCs (Hem-MSCs) are similar to MSCs obtained from human bone marrow, expressing the cell surface markers SH2 (CD105), SH3, SH4, CD90, CD29, smooth muscle alpha-actin, and CD133 but not the hematopoietic markers CD45 and CD14 or the hematopoietic/endothelial markers CD34, CD31, and kinase insert domain receptor (KDR).
  • [MeSH-minor] Antigens, Neoplasm / metabolism. Cell Differentiation. Cell Proliferation. Clone Cells / pathology. Female. Granuloma, Pyogenic / genetics. Granuloma, Pyogenic / immunology. Granuloma, Pyogenic / pathology. Humans. Infant. Infant, Newborn. Neoplasm Regression, Spontaneous / pathology. Neoplastic Stem Cells / pathology. Skin Neoplasms / genetics. Skin Neoplasms / immunology. Skin Neoplasms / pathology. X Chromosome Inactivation

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  • (PMID = 16456130.001).
  • [ISSN] 1066-5099
  • [Journal-full-title] Stem cells (Dayton, Ohio)
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Stem Cells
  • [Language] eng
  • [Grant] United States / NIAMS NIH HHS / AR / P01 AR 048564
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Antigens, Neoplasm
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27. Hisaoka M, Takamatsu Y, Hirano Y, Maeda H, Hamada T: Sebaceous carcinoma of the breast: case report and review of the literature. Virchows Arch; 2006 Oct;449(4):484-8
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  • Sebaceous differentiation has been described in only limited examples of benign and malignant epithelial lesions of the breast.
  • Microscopically, the tumor, arising in the right mammary gland of a 63-year-old woman, was composed of well-defined solid sheets or lobules of atypical epithelial cells including many large pale or clear cells with often scalloped nuclei and coarsely vacuolated cytoplasm, in which abundant lipid droplets were identified with oil-red-O staining.
  • Immunohistochemical expressions of cytokeratin, epithelial membrane antigen, and receptors of estrogen and progesterone were detected, whereas GCDFP-15, S-100 protein, vimentin, alpha-smooth muscle actin, p63, androgen receptor, and the HER2/neu protein were not expressed.
  • Besides, a subset of the tumor cells co-expressed synaptophysin, neurofilament, and PGP9.5, suggesting neuroendocrine differentiation that is a hitherto undescribed phenomenon in the mammary tumors with sebaceous features.
  • [MeSH-minor] Azo Compounds. Biomarkers, Tumor / analysis. Coloring Agents. Female. Fluorescent Antibody Technique, Indirect. Humans. Keratins / analysis. Mammography. Mastectomy, Modified Radical. Middle Aged. Mucin-1 / analysis. Receptors, Estrogen / analysis. Receptors, Progesterone / analysis

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  • (PMID = 16944238.001).
  • [ISSN] 0945-6317
  • [Journal-full-title] Virchows Archiv : an international journal of pathology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Virchows Arch.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Germany
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Azo Compounds; 0 / Biomarkers, Tumor; 0 / Coloring Agents; 0 / Mucin-1; 0 / Receptors, Estrogen; 0 / Receptors, Progesterone; 68238-35-7 / Keratins; G7S71FND9B / oil red O
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28. Ausmus GG, Piliang MP, Bergfeld WF, Goldblum JR: Soft-tissue perineurioma in a 20-year-old patient with neurofibromatosis type 1 (NF1): report of a case and review of the literature. J Cutan Pathol; 2007 Sep;34(9):726-30
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  • BACKGROUND: Perineurioma is a rare benign soft-tissue tumor composed of cells showing differentiation toward the perineurial cells of the nerve sheath.
  • Although mutations in the neurofibromatosis 2 (NF2) gene have been documented in this tumor, there is no known association between perineuriomas and type 1 or 2 NF.
  • RESULTS: Histopathologic examination revealed a 2.0-cm well-circumscribed, spindle-cell neoplasm with slender, elongated, bipolar, wavy cytoplasmic processes and wavy, elongated nuclei in a hyalinized stroma with focal myxoid areas.
  • Immunohistochemistry showed positive labeling for epithelial membrane antigen (EMA) but no staining for S-100 and smooth muscle actin (SMA).
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Biomarkers, Tumor / metabolism. Female. Humans. Mucin-1 / metabolism. Thorax. Tomography, X-Ray Computed. Treatment Outcome


29. Levy AD, Arnáiz J, Shaw JC, Sobin LH: From the archives of the AFIP: primary peritoneal tumors: imaging features with pathologic correlation. Radiographics; 2008 Mar-Apr;28(2):583-607; quiz 621-2
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  • Primary malignant mesothelioma, multicystic mesothelioma, primary peritoneal serous carcinoma, leiomyomatosis peritonealis disseminata, and desmoplastic small round cell tumor are the most prominent of these rare lesions.
  • Multicystic mesothelioma occurs most frequently in women and has benign or indolent biologic behavior in the majority of patients.
  • Leiomyomatosis peritonealis disseminata is a rare, benign proliferative process that also occurs exclusively in women and is characterized by multiple smooth muscle nodules throughout the peritoneum.
  • Desmoplastic small round cell tumor is a highly aggressive malignancy of unknown origin that occurs most often in the peritoneal cavity of young men.

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  • (PMID = 18349460.001).
  • [ISSN] 1527-1323
  • [Journal-full-title] Radiographics : a review publication of the Radiological Society of North America, Inc
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Radiographics
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Contrast Media
  • [Number-of-references] 55
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30. Bello IO, Alanen K, Slootweg PJ, Salo T: Alpha-smooth muscle actin within epithelial islands is predictive of ameloblastic carcinoma. Oral Oncol; 2009 Sep;45(9):760-5
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  • [Title] Alpha-smooth muscle actin within epithelial islands is predictive of ameloblastic carcinoma.
  • Ameloblastoma is the most common clinically significant odontogenic tumor.
  • It is considered benign but locally invasive and associated with variable clinico-pathological behavior.
  • Ameloblastic carcinoma is a malignant tumor having features of ameloblastoma in addition to cytologic atypia with or without metastasis.
  • We examined immunohistochemically Ki-67, epithelial membrane antigen (EMA), alpha-smooth muscle actin (alpha-SMA), calponin, p63 and DNA content using image (ICM) and flow cytometry (FCM) in three ameloblastic carcinomas and up to 18 SAs.
  • [MeSH-major] Ameloblastoma / pathology. Carcinoma / pathology. Mandibular Neoplasms / pathology. Maxillary Neoplasms / pathology. Neoplasm Proteins / metabolism
  • [MeSH-minor] Actins / metabolism. Calcium-Binding Proteins / metabolism. Female. Finland. Flow Cytometry. Humans. Image Cytometry. Ki-67 Antigen / metabolism. Male. Membrane Proteins / metabolism. Microfilament Proteins / metabolism. Mucin-1 / metabolism. Muscle, Smooth / metabolism. Muscle, Smooth / pathology. Netherlands. Retrospective Studies

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  • (PMID = 19150605.001).
  • [ISSN] 1879-0593
  • [Journal-full-title] Oral oncology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Oral Oncol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Actins; 0 / CKAP4 protein, human; 0 / Calcium-Binding Proteins; 0 / Ki-67 Antigen; 0 / Membrane Proteins; 0 / Microfilament Proteins; 0 / Mucin-1; 0 / Neoplasm Proteins; 0 / calponin
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31. Zaitseva M, Vollenhoven BJ, Rogers PA: Retinoic acid pathway genes show significantly altered expression in uterine fibroids when compared with normal myometrium. Mol Hum Reprod; 2007 Aug;13(8):577-85
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  • Fibroids are benign neoplasms of myometrial smooth muscle cells (SMC).
  • Despite being the most common tumor in humans, their etiology is poorly understood.

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  • (PMID = 17553814.001).
  • [ISSN] 1360-9947
  • [Journal-full-title] Molecular human reproduction
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Mol. Hum. Reprod.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Comparative Study; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Isoenzymes; 0 / RBP1 protein, human; 0 / RBP2 protein, human; 0 / Retinol-Binding Proteins; 0 / Retinol-Binding Proteins, Cellular; 5688UTC01R / Tretinoin; EC 1.1.1.1 / Alcohol Dehydrogenase; EC 1.2.1.- / aldehyde dehydrogenase 1; EC 1.2.1.3 / Aldehyde Dehydrogenase; EC 1.2.1.36 / Retinal Dehydrogenase; EC 2.1.1.43 / Histone-Lysine N-Methyltransferase
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32. Perez D, Demartines N, Meier K, Clavien PA, Jungbluth A, Jaeger D: Protein S100 as prognostic marker for gastrointestinal stromal tumors: a clinicopathological risk factor analysis. J Invest Surg; 2007 May-Jun;20(3):181-6
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  • Predicting their clinical behavior is challenging and criteria delineating benign from malignant cases are controversially discussed.
  • Furthermore, the statistical analysis disclosed a correlation between the expression of CD117, CD34, desmin, and alpha-smooth muscle actin and survival or recurrence (p > .05).
  • In addition we confirmed the previously reported impact of initial tumor size on survival and recurrence rate (p = .034 and p = .039).
  • The series was also analyzed according to established prognostic factors (tumor size and mitotic activity), which indicated that 77% of S100-positive cases were at high risk for malignant tumor behavior, 15% at intermediate risk, and 8% at low risk.
  • [MeSH-major] Biomarkers, Tumor / metabolism. Gastrointestinal Stromal Tumors / metabolism. Gastrointestinal Stromal Tumors / pathology. S100 Proteins / metabolism
  • [MeSH-minor] Adolescent. Adult. Aged. Cell Differentiation. Female. Humans. Immunohistochemistry. Male. Middle Aged. Neoplasm Recurrence, Local / epidemiology. Neoplasm Recurrence, Local / metabolism. Neoplasm Recurrence, Local / pathology. Prognosis. Risk Factors

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  • (PMID = 17613693.001).
  • [ISSN] 0894-1939
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of investigative surgery : the official journal of the Academy of Surgical Research
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Invest Surg
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Biomarkers, Tumor; 0 / S100 Proteins
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33. Ekici AI, Ekici S, Gürel B, Altinok G, Erkan I, Güngen Y: Benign mixed epithelial and stromal tumor of the kidney. ScientificWorldJournal; 2006;6:615-8
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  • [Title] Benign mixed epithelial and stromal tumor of the kidney.
  • The renal mass was found to be a benign, biphasic tumor composed of an epithelial component, consisting of ducts of variable size scattered within a mesenchymal component, composed of spindle cells arranged in sheets and fascicles.
  • The spindle component shows desmin, smooth muscle actin, and estrogen and progesterone receptor positivity immunohistochemically.
  • The diagnosis of benign mixed epithelial and stromal tumor of the kidney is rendered.

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  • (PMID = 16752009.001).
  • [ISSN] 1537-744X
  • [Journal-full-title] TheScientificWorldJournal
  • [ISO-abbreviation] ScientificWorldJournal
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] England
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34. Zhou M, Reuther AM, Levin HS, Falzarano SM, Kodjoe E, Myles J, Klein E, Magi-Galluzzi C: Microscopic bladder neck involvement by prostate carcinoma in radical prostatectomy specimens is not a significant independent prognostic factor. Mod Pathol; 2009 Mar;22(3):385-92
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  • ' True bladder neck involvement required prostate cancer within thick smooth muscle bundles without intermixed benign prostatic glands.
  • False bladder neck involvement was characterized by prostate cancer intermixed with benign prostatic glands.
  • Bladder neck involvement was analyzed in relation to preoperative serum prostate-specific antigen (PSA) level, extraprostatic extension, seminal vesicle involvement, positive surgical margin, lymph node involvement, radical prostatectomy Gleason score, and tumor volume.
  • [MeSH-minor] Aged. Humans. Male. Middle Aged. Neoplasm Recurrence, Local / pathology. Neoplasm Staging. Prognosis. Prostate-Specific Antigen / blood. Prostatectomy

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  • (PMID = 19043400.001).
  • [ISSN] 1530-0285
  • [Journal-full-title] Modern pathology : an official journal of the United States and Canadian Academy of Pathology, Inc
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Mod. Pathol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] EC 3.4.21.77 / Prostate-Specific Antigen
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35. Chatelain D, Brevet M, Fuks D, Yzet T, Verhaeghe P, Regimbeau JM, Lauwers G, Sevestre H: [Inflammatory fibroid polyp, a rare tumor of the appendix]. Gastroenterol Clin Biol; 2008 Mar;32(3):274-7
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  • [Title] [Inflammatory fibroid polyp, a rare tumor of the appendix].
  • On microscopic examination, the tumor consisted of spindle cells dispersed in a loose fibromyxoid stroma containing numerous blood cells and inflammatory cells with abundant eosinophils.
  • On immunohistochemistry, the spindle tumor cells were positive for vimentin, fascin and focally for CD34 and CD35.
  • They were negative for smooth muscle actin, desmin, CD21, CD23, CD117 and S100 protein.
  • Inflammatory fibroid polyp is a rare benign mesenchymal tumor of the gastrointestinal tract rarely reported in the appendix.
  • This tumor shares some common pathologic features with the myofibroblatic inflammatory tumor but they are two different entities.
  • The pathogenesis of this tumor remains unclear but fascin and CD35 immunoreactivity of the tumor cells suggests a probable dendritic cell origin.

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  • (PMID = 18353580.001).
  • [ISSN] 0399-8320
  • [Journal-full-title] Gastroentérologie clinique et biologique
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Gastroenterol. Clin. Biol.
  • [Language] fre
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] France
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Antigens, CD34; 0 / CR1 protein, human; 0 / Carrier Proteins; 0 / Microfilament Proteins; 0 / Receptors, Complement 3b; 0 / Vimentin; 146808-54-0 / fascin
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36. Cosenza UM, Galati G, Zofrea P, Maggi S, Marasco A, Castelli M, Masoni L, Brescia A: Clinical and biological features of an intranodal palisaded myofibroblastoma. Anticancer Res; 2006 May-Jun;26(3B):2349-52
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  • Intranodal palisaded myofibroblastoma (IPM) is a rare benign tumor of the lymph nodes probably arising from smooth muscle-like cells.
  • The tumor is characterized by intranodal proliferation of spindle cells.
  • We report a novel case of IPM that confirms the myofibroblastic differentiation of the tumor.
  • [MeSH-major] Lymph Nodes / pathology. Neoplasms, Muscle Tissue / pathology

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  • (PMID = 16821615.001).
  • [ISSN] 0250-7005
  • [Journal-full-title] Anticancer research
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Anticancer Res.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Greece
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37. Riddle ND, Quigley BC, Browarsky I, Bui MM: Leiomyosarcoma arising in the pancreatic duct: a case report and review of the current literature. Case Rep Med; 2010;2010:252364
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  • Context. Leiomyosarcomas are rare malignant smooth muscle tumors that may arise in any organ or tissue that contains smooth muscle, commonly within the gastrointestinal tract.
  • Immunohistochemistry for vimentin, smooth muscle actin, and desmin was positive.
  • The tumor clearly originated from the pancreatic duct wall, filled and expanded the duct lumen, and was covered with a layer of benign biliary epithelium.

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  • (PMID = 20589089.001).
  • [ISSN] 1687-9635
  • [Journal-full-title] Case reports in medicine
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Case Rep Med
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC2892659
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38. Tayal S, Suri V, Misra MC, Ray R: Myoepithelial carcinoma of soft tissue: a case report. Indian J Pathol Microbiol; 2007 Oct;50(4):761-3
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  • The distinct histopathological features included infiltrative margins, cytologically moderate to severely atypical epithelioid/spindled cells with prominent nucleoli, 3-4 mitoses/10HPF, tumor necrosis and lymphovascular invasion.
  • The myoepithelial origin was confirmed by positive immunohistochemical staining for S100 protein, epithelial membrane antigen and smooth muscle actin.
  • Recognition of myoepithelial carcinoma is clinically significant because compared to its benign counterpart, this has increased frequency of local recurrences and metastases that warrants a close clinical follow-up.

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  • (PMID = 18306544.001).
  • [ISSN] 0377-4929
  • [Journal-full-title] Indian journal of pathology & microbiology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Indian J Pathol Microbiol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] India
  • [Chemical-registry-number] EC 6.3.2.19 / MIB2 protein, human; EC 6.3.2.19 / Ubiquitin-Protein Ligases
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39. Jha P, Moosavi C, Fanburg-Smith JC: Giant cell fibroblastoma: an update and addition of 86 new cases from the Armed Forces Institute of Pathology, in honor of Dr. Franz M. Enzinger. Ann Diagn Pathol; 2007 Apr;11(2):81-8
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  • All cases had benign behavior, but almost half recurred.
  • The caveat was mistaking this tumor for a malignancy.
  • They proposed a relationship of this childhood tumor to dermatofibrosarcoma protuberans (DFSP).
  • Most cases were dermal and subcutaneous, 3 purely dermal, and 5 involved superficial skeletal muscle.
  • Two cases of pure GCF recurred as a hybrid tumor with DFSP areas, one of these with hypercellular DFSP.
  • Most cases studied were positive for CD34 (more intense in DFSP than relatively hypocellular GCF areas) and negative for smooth muscle actin, desmin, HMB-45, keratin, and S100 protein.
  • Additional observations of marked perivascular and onionskin-like chronic inflammation and consistent hemorrhage may aid in the diagnosis of this previously well-described tumor.
  • [MeSH-minor] Adolescent. Adult. Biomarkers, Tumor / metabolism. Child. Child, Preschool. Female. History, 20th Century. Humans. Infant. Male. Middle Aged. Neoplasm Recurrence, Local / pathology. Registries

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  • (PMID = 17349565.001).
  • [ISSN] 1092-9134
  • [Journal-full-title] Annals of diagnostic pathology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Ann Diagn Pathol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Biography; Historical Article; Journal Article; Portraits
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Biomarkers, Tumor
  • [Personal-name-as-subject] Enzinger FM
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40. McNab PM, DeMers NM, Schlauder S, Morgan M, Nasir A, Coppola D, Bui MM: Potential utility of CD5 immunohistochemical staining in the diagnosis of muscle tumors. Ann Clin Lab Sci; 2009;39(2):108-13
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  • [Title] Potential utility of CD5 immunohistochemical staining in the diagnosis of muscle tumors.
  • This pilot study evaluated CD5 expression in benign and malignant muscle tumors in comparison to normal muscle.
  • In some of these cases, non-neoplastic smooth muscle (10) and skeletal muscle (6) were identified adjacent to tumors.
  • In addition, 3 cases were retrieved for non-neoplastic smooth muscle tissue that was unrelated to any tumor.
  • CD5 was strongly and diffusely expressed in non-neoplastic skeletal (6/6) and smooth (10/10) muscle adjacent to tumor.
  • CD5 was also strongly and diffusely expressed in 3 cases of smooth muscle tissue not adjacent to tumor.
  • Leiomyomas (10/10) were CD5 positive but showed variable intensity within the same tumor.
  • In conclusion, this pilot study suggests that CD5 staining may be used to differentiate benign muscle tissue from malignancy.
  • Albeit our case series is limited, this study indicates potential utility of CD5 staining in diagnosis of muscle tumors.
  • [MeSH-major] Antigens, CD5 / analysis. Muscle Neoplasms / diagnosis. Muscle Neoplasms / pathology. Sarcoma / diagnosis. Sarcoma / pathology
  • [MeSH-minor] Antigens, CD / analysis. Humans. Immunohistochemistry. Leiomyoma / pathology. Leiomyosarcoma / pathology. Muscle, Skeletal / cytology. Muscle, Skeletal / pathology. Muscle, Smooth / cytology. Muscle, Smooth / pathology. Retrospective Studies. Rhabdomyoma / pathology. Rhabdomyosarcoma / pathology. T-Lymphocytes / pathology

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  • (PMID = 19429795.001).
  • [ISSN] 1550-8080
  • [Journal-full-title] Annals of clinical and laboratory science
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Ann. Clin. Lab. Sci.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Antigens, CD; 0 / Antigens, CD5
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41. Ali AE, Fazl M, Bilbao JM: Primary intracranial leiomyoma: a case report and literature review. Virchows Arch; 2006 Sep;449(3):382-4
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  • However, histologically, the tumor had the characteristic appearance of benign smooth muscle.
  • Benign metastasizing leiomyoma was excluded by thorough imaging.
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Biomarkers, Tumor. Brain / pathology. Calmodulin-Binding Proteins / analysis. Cytoplasmic Vesicles / ultrastructure. Female. Humans. Intermediate Filaments / ultrastructure. Magnetic Resonance Imaging

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  • (PMID = 16896888.001).
  • [ISSN] 0945-6317
  • [Journal-full-title] Virchows Archiv : an international journal of pathology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Virchows Arch.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Germany
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Biomarkers, Tumor; 0 / Calmodulin-Binding Proteins
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42. Man YG, Nieburgs HE: A subset of cell clusters with malignant features in morphologically normal-appearing and hyperplastic tissues. Cancer Detect Prev; 2006;30(3):239-47
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  • (1) a significantly increased frequency of focal disruptions in surrounding myoepithelial cell layers and the loss of estrogen receptor expression, (2) signs of stromal and vascular invasion, (3) distinct alterations in the cytoplasmic-nuclear ratio and nuclear shape, size, and polarity, (4) the expression of multiple malignancy-associated biomarkers, and (5) malignancy-associated nuclear changes in benign-appearing cells.
  • CONCLUSIONS: These changes are likely to reflect DNA structural abnormalities resulting from the disposition of DNA and RNA structural defects or cancer susceptibility genes that facilitate progression and invasion, or to suggest that breast tumor progression and invasion may not always follow the hypothesized sequences.
  • [MeSH-minor] Actins / metabolism. Cell Nucleus / metabolism. Cytoplasm / metabolism. DNA / metabolism. Epithelial Cells / metabolism. Humans. Immunohistochemistry. Muscle, Smooth / metabolism. Neoplasm Invasiveness. RNA / metabolism. Receptors, Estrogen / metabolism. Tumor Suppressor Protein p53 / metabolism

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  • (PMID = 16872754.001).
  • [ISSN] 0361-090X
  • [Journal-full-title] Cancer detection and prevention
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Cancer Detect. Prev.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Actins; 0 / Receptors, Estrogen; 0 / Tumor Suppressor Protein p53; 63231-63-0 / RNA; 9007-49-2 / DNA
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43. Akcali Y, Karahan OI, Kahriman G, Ceyran H, Balkanli S: Angiomyolipoma with cavoatrial extension. Eur Urol; 2006 Sep;50(3):605-6
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  • Pathologic evaluation revealed a tumor consisting of mature adipose tissue, smooth muscle and vessels consistent with angiomyolipoma.
  • Our case reminds us of the rare possibility that angiomyolipoma, which is classified as a benign tumor, may invade the inferior vena cava or right atrium.

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  • (PMID = 16828222.001).
  • [ISSN] 0302-2838
  • [Journal-full-title] European urology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Eur. Urol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Switzerland
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44. Wu RC, Hsieh YY, Chang YC, Kuo TT: Cellular neurothekeoma with melanocytosis. J Cutan Pathol; 2008 Feb;35(2):241-5
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  • Cellular neurothekeoma (CNT) is a benign dermal tumor mainly affecting the head and neck and the upper extremities.
  • The histogenesis of CNT has been controversial, although it is generally regarded as an immature counterpart of classic/myxoid neurothekeoma, a tumor with nerve sheath differentiation.
  • Immunohistochemical study with NKI/C3, vimentin, epithelial membrane antigen, smooth muscle antigen, CD34, factor XIIIa, collagen type IV, S100 protein and HMB-45 was performed.

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  • (PMID = 18190453.001).
  • [ISSN] 1600-0560
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of cutaneous pathology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Cutan. Pathol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Denmark
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45. Li T, Wang L, Yu HH, Sun HC, Qin LX, Ye QH, Fan J, Tang ZY: Hepatic angiomyolipoma: a retrospective study of 25 cases. Surg Today; 2008;38(6):529-35
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  • PURPOSE: We report our experience of diagnosing and treating hepatic angiomyolipoma (HAML), a rare benign mesenchymal tumor.
  • All tumors were composed of varying proportions of smooth muscle, adipose tissue, and blood vessels, and showed positive immunohistochemical staining for HMB-45.
  • [MeSH-minor] Adolescent. Adult. Antigens, Neoplasm / analysis. Female. Hepatectomy. Humans. Magnetic Resonance Imaging. Male. Melanoma-Specific Antigens. Middle Aged. Neoplasm Proteins / analysis. Prognosis. Retrospective Studies. Tomography, X-Ray Computed. Ultrasonography

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  • (PMID = 18516533.001).
  • [ISSN] 0941-1291
  • [Journal-full-title] Surgery today
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Surg. Today
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Japan
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Antigens, Neoplasm; 0 / Melanoma-Specific Antigens; 0 / Neoplasm Proteins
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46. Veit AC, Painter JT, Miller RA, Hardisty JF, Dixon D: Characterization of uterine granular cell tumors in B6C3F1 mice: a histomorphologic, immunohistochemical, and ultrastructural study. Vet Pathol; 2008 Sep;45(5):654-62
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  • The granular cell tumor is most often a benign neoplasm of uncertain origin.
  • Tissue sections were evaluated histologically and stained with hematoxylin and eosin, periodic acid-Schiff with diastase resistance, Masson's trichrome, toluidine blue, phosphotungstic acid-hematoxylin, and stained immunohistochemically with a panel of antibodies to muscle (desmin, alpha smooth muscle actin), neural (S-100, neuron specific enolase), epithelial (wide-spectrum cytokeratin), and macrophage (F4/80) markers.
  • The main histomorphologic feature of tumor cells was the presence of abundant cytoplasmic eosinophilic granules that stained positive for periodic acid-Schiff with diastase resistance.
  • Three tumors had positive to weakly positive immunoreactivity for desmin, and 1 was positive for alpha smooth muscle actin.
  • [MeSH-major] Granular Cell Tumor / veterinary. Uterine Neoplasms / veterinary

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  • (PMID = 18725470.001).
  • [ISSN] 0300-9858
  • [Journal-full-title] Veterinary pathology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Vet. Pathol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Grant] United States / Intramural NIH HHS / / Z99 ES999999
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Intramural
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ NIHMS103826; NLM/ PMC2691646
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47. Lee HW, Lee JJ, Yang DH, Lee BH: A clinicopathologic study of glomus tumor of the stomach. J Clin Gastroenterol; 2006 Sep;40(8):717-20
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  • [Title] A clinicopathologic study of glomus tumor of the stomach.
  • Glomus tumors are benign lesions and originate from modified smooth muscle cells of the glomus body.
  • Here we report a case of a 67-year-old patient in whom glomus tumor of the stomach was diagnosed after 10-day history of melena.
  • We have reviewed the 13 cases selected from literature of gastric glomus tumor in Korean, including our case.
  • The tumor sizes varied from 1.2 to 3.8 cm (median 2.5 cm), and all tumors presented in antrum of stomach.
  • Although gastric glomus tumors can be considered more likely benign, a small possibility of malignant behavior cannot be ruled out.
  • [MeSH-major] Glomus Tumor. Stomach Neoplasms

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  • (PMID = 16940885.001).
  • [ISSN] 0192-0790
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of clinical gastroenterology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Clin. Gastroenterol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Number-of-references] 12
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48. Sapino A, Bosco M, Cassoni P, Castellano I, Arisio R, Cserni G, Dei Tos AP, Fortunati N, Catalano MG, Bussolati G: Estrogen receptor-beta is expressed in stromal cells of fibroadenoma and phyllodes tumors of the breast. Mod Pathol; 2006 Apr;19(4):599-606
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  • In this study, the expression of estrogen receptor (ER)-alpha and -beta was investigated by immunohistochemistry in 33 fibroadenomas and in 30 benign, three borderline and seven malignant phyllodes tumors, all with spindle cell growth and in one distant metastasis.
  • The possible correlation between hormone receptor expression and differentiation processes of stromal cells was investigated by smooth muscle actin and calponin immunostaining.
  • In both lesions, ER-beta-positive stromal cells showed expression of smooth muscle actin and/or calponin, as demonstrated by double immunostaining.
  • (ii) its expression correlates with the expression of smooth muscle markers and suggests a role of ER-beta in myofibroblastic differentiation of stromal cells.
  • [MeSH-major] Breast Neoplasms / pathology. Estrogen Receptor beta / genetics. Fibroadenoma / pathology. Phyllodes Tumor / pathology. Stromal Cells / pathology
  • [MeSH-minor] Actins / analysis. Adolescent. Adult. Aged. Calcium-Binding Proteins / analysis. Cell Line, Tumor. Estrogen Receptor alpha / analysis. Estrogen Receptor alpha / genetics. Gene Expression Regulation, Neoplastic. Humans. Immunohistochemistry. Microfilament Proteins / analysis. Middle Aged. Muscle, Smooth / chemistry. RNA, Messenger / genetics. RNA, Messenger / metabolism. Reverse Transcriptase Polymerase Chain Reaction

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  • (PMID = 16554735.001).
  • [ISSN] 0893-3952
  • [Journal-full-title] Modern pathology : an official journal of the United States and Canadian Academy of Pathology, Inc
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Mod. Pathol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Actins; 0 / Calcium-Binding Proteins; 0 / Estrogen Receptor alpha; 0 / Estrogen Receptor beta; 0 / Microfilament Proteins; 0 / RNA, Messenger; 0 / calponin
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49. Mehar A, Macanas-Pirard P, Mizokami A, Takahashi Y, Kass GE, Coley HM: The effects of cyclooxygenase-2 expression in prostate cancer cells: modulation of response to cytotoxic agents. J Pharmacol Exp Ther; 2008 Mar;324(3):1181-7
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  • Immunohistochemistry studies have indicated higher expression of COX-2 in cancerous versus benign prostatic tissue.
  • Celecoxib treatment resulted in highly significant increases in the mRNA expression of the smooth muscle component desmin, the detoxification enzyme glutathione S-transferase pi (GSTpi), and nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory response gene (NAG-1) in the LNCaPCOX-2 cell line compared with LNCaPneo cells.
  • [MeSH-minor] Celecoxib. Cell Line, Tumor. Humans. Male. Pyrazoles / pharmacology. Pyrazoles / therapeutic use. Sulfonamides / pharmacology. Sulfonamides / therapeutic use


50. Ricke WA, Ishii K, Ricke EA, Simko J, Wang Y, Hayward SW, Cunha GR: Steroid hormones stimulate human prostate cancer progression and metastasis. Int J Cancer; 2006 May 1;118(9):2123-31
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  • Untreated mUGM+BPH-1 TRs contained a well organized differentiated epithelium surrounded by smooth muscle stroma similar to developing prostate.
  • In [T+E2]-implanted mice, mUGM+BPH-1 TRs formed carcinomas that contained a fibrous connective tissue stroma permeating the tumor; smooth muscle when present was associated with vasculature.
  • Epithelial cells isolated from untreated mUGM+BPH-1 TRs exhibited benign histology and formed small nontumorigenic grafts when subsequently transplanted into athymic nude mice.
  • [MeSH-minor] Animals. Cell Proliferation. Disease Models, Animal. Disease Progression. Epithelial Cells / physiology. Humans. Male. Mesoderm. Mice. Mice, Nude. Neoplasm Metastasis. Prostate / cytology. Transplantation, Heterologous

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  • [Copyright] 2005 Wiley-Liss, Inc.
  • (PMID = 16331600.001).
  • [ISSN] 0020-7136
  • [Journal-full-title] International journal of cancer
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Int. J. Cancer
  • [Language] eng
  • [Grant] United States / NIA NIH HHS / AG / AG0026604; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / CA84294; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / CA89520; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / CA96403; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / CA97725-01; United States / NICHD NIH HHS / HD / HD007263; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CN / N01CN15114-MAO; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / U01 CA96403
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 3XMK78S47O / Testosterone; 4TI98Z838E / Estradiol
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51. Capovilla M, Couturier J, Molinié V, Amsellem-Ouazana D, Priollet P, Baumert H, Bruneval P, Vieillefond A: Loss of chromosomes 9 and 11 may be recurrent chromosome imbalances in juxtaglomerular cell tumors. Hum Pathol; 2008 Mar;39(3):459-62
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  • Juxtaglomerular cell tumor (JGCT), first described in 1967, is a rare tumor of the kidney that derived from specialized smooth muscle cells of the wall of the glomerular afferent arteriole.
  • JGCTs are considered benign, but the clinical follow-up is short in most reported cases.
  • Only 1 metastatic case has been reported to date, raising the question of tumors of uncertain malignant potential rather than clearly benign neoplasms.
  • Thus, JGCT might be better considered as a tumor of uncertain malignant potential and then necessitates a prolonged follow-up.

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  • (PMID = 18261631.001).
  • [ISSN] 0046-8177
  • [Journal-full-title] Human pathology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Hum. Pathol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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52. Bouchelouche K, Alvarez S, Horn T, Nordling J, Bouchelouche P: Human detrusor smooth muscle cells release interleukin-6, interleukin-8, and RANTES in response to proinflammatory cytokines interleukin-1beta and tumor necrosis factor-alpha. Urology; 2006 Jan;67(1):214-9
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  • [Title] Human detrusor smooth muscle cells release interleukin-6, interleukin-8, and RANTES in response to proinflammatory cytokines interleukin-1beta and tumor necrosis factor-alpha.
  • OBJECTIVES: Recently, we have demonstrated that human detrusor smooth muscle cells in culture secrete the chemokine monocyte chemoattractant protein 1.
  • In the present study, we extended these studies to include the effect of the proinflammatory cytokines tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-alpha and interleukin (IL)-1beta on IL-8, IL-6, and RANTES (regulated on activation, normal T cell expressed and secreted) release by human detrusor smooth muscle cells (HDSMCs) and examined their regulation.
  • METHODS: With ethical approval, detrusor muscle biopsies were obtained from patients with benign noninvasive bladder diseases undergoing control cystoscopy.
  • The new evidence that HDSMCs secrete immunomodulatory proteins makes the detrusor muscle cell a target for anti-inflammatory therapy.
  • [MeSH-major] Chemokine CCL5 / secretion. Interleukin-1 / physiology. Interleukin-6 / secretion. Interleukin-8 / secretion. Muscle, Smooth / cytology. Muscle, Smooth / secretion. Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha / physiology. Urinary Bladder / cytology. Urinary Bladder / secretion

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  • (PMID = 16413378.001).
  • [ISSN] 1527-9995
  • [Journal-full-title] Urology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Urology
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Chemokine CCL5; 0 / Interleukin-1; 0 / Interleukin-6; 0 / Interleukin-8; 0 / Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha
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53. Yang Y, Nie X, Lu J, Lu XY, Wei YY, Wang H, Han ZH, Chen ZH, Zheng J: [Mixed epithelial and stromal tumor of kidney]. Zhonghua Bing Li Xue Za Zhi; 2006 Jan;35(1):29-31
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  • [Title] [Mixed epithelial and stromal tumor of kidney].
  • OBJECTIVE: To study the clinicopathological features and differential diagnoses of mixed epithelial and stromal tumor of the kidney.
  • METHODS: Clinical and pathological characteristics of 4 cases of mixed epithelial and stromal tumor of the kidney were studied.
  • Stromal elements essentially consisted of spindle cells, with thick-walled blood vessels and bands of smooth muscle cells as distinctive features of the tumor.
  • CONCLUSIONS: Mixed epithelial and stromal tumor of the kidney is a benign neoplasm with distinct histopathological features.
  • [MeSH-minor] Actins / metabolism. Adult. Diagnosis, Differential. Female. Follow-Up Studies. Humans. Male. Middle Aged. Muscle, Smooth / metabolism. Nephrectomy / methods. Receptors, Estrogen / metabolism. Receptors, Progesterone / metabolism

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  • (PMID = 16608646.001).
  • [ISSN] 0529-5807
  • [Journal-full-title] Zhonghua bing li xue za zhi = Chinese journal of pathology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Zhonghua Bing Li Xue Za Zhi
  • [Language] chi
  • [Publication-type] English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] China
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Actins; 0 / Receptors, Estrogen; 0 / Receptors, Progesterone
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54. Zarbis N, Barth TF, Blumstein NM, Schelzig H: Pecoma of the lung: a benign tumor with extensive 18F-2-deoxy-D-glucose uptake. Interact Cardiovasc Thorac Surg; 2007 Oct;6(5):676-8
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  • [Title] Pecoma of the lung: a benign tumor with extensive 18F-2-deoxy-D-glucose uptake.
  • Pecomas of the lung--which include the better known clear cell 'sugar' tumor--are a subset of extremely rare lung tumors which usually react positively to both melanocytic and smooth muscle markers.
  • Although widely presumed as benign in computed tomography (CT) and positron emission tomography (PET)/CT studies they depict as malignant, thus complicating the preoperative diagnosis.

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  • (PMID = 17670735.001).
  • [ISSN] 1569-9285
  • [Journal-full-title] Interactive cardiovascular and thoracic surgery
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Interact Cardiovasc Thorac Surg
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Radiopharmaceuticals; 0Z5B2CJX4D / Fluorodeoxyglucose F18
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55. Attila T, Chen D, Gardiner GW, Ptak TW, Marcon NE: Gastric calcifying fibrous tumor. Can J Gastroenterol; 2006 Jul;20(7):487-9
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  • [Title] Gastric calcifying fibrous tumor.
  • Intramucosal gastric tumours are most commonly found to be gastrointestinal stromal tumours or leiomyomas (smooth muscle tumours); however, a variety of other uncommon mesenchymal tumours can occur in the stomach wall.
  • A rare benign calcifying fibrous tumour is reported and the endoscopic appearance, ultrasound findings and morphology are documented.

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  • (PMID = 16858502.001).
  • [ISSN] 0835-7900
  • [Journal-full-title] Canadian journal of gastroenterology = Journal canadien de gastroenterologie
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Can. J. Gastroenterol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Canada
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC2659917
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56. Shiomori T, Udaka T, Tokui N, Morio T, Ohbuchi T, Suzuki H: Giant myoepithelioma of the upper lip. Acta Otolaryngol; 2005 Aug;125(8):894-8
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  • Myoepithelioma is a relatively rare form of salivary gland tumor composed entirely of myoepithelial cells.
  • This tumor was formerly considered to be a subtype of pleomorphic adenoma; however, in the latest World Health Organization classification of 1991 it is listed as an independent entity.
  • CT and MRI revealed a 50 x 40 mm(2) well-defined ovoid tumor.
  • A benign minor salivary gland tumor was clinically suspected, and the patient underwent complete resection of the tumor under general anesthesia.
  • The tumor was histopathologically diagnosed as a benign myoepithelioma of the minor salivary gland.
  • Immunohistochemically, the tumor cells were positive for vimentin, cytokeratins, alpha-smooth muscle actin and S-100 protein, confirming the morphological diagnosis of myoepithelioma.

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  • (PMID = 16099771.001).
  • [ISSN] 0001-6489
  • [Journal-full-title] Acta oto-laryngologica
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Acta Otolaryngol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Norway
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57. Bhattacharya B, Dilworth HP, Iacobuzio-Donahue C, Ricci F, Weber K, Furlong MA, Fisher C, Montgomery E: Nuclear beta-catenin expression distinguishes deep fibromatosis from other benign and malignant fibroblastic and myofibroblastic lesions. Am J Surg Pathol; 2005 May;29(5):653-9
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  • [Title] Nuclear beta-catenin expression distinguishes deep fibromatosis from other benign and malignant fibroblastic and myofibroblastic lesions.
  • They must be distinguished from a host of fibroblastic and myofibroblastic lesions as well as from smooth muscle neoplasms.
  • Formalin-fixed, paraffin-embedded sections from 21 lesions from 20 patients with deep fibromatoses were stained with monoclonal beta-catenin antibody (Transduction Laboratories) and compared with low-grade fibromyxoid sarcoma (n=12), leiomyosarcoma (n=10), various other fibrosarcoma variants (n=13, including 3 myofibrosarcomas, 3 sclerosing epithelioid fibrosarcomas, 5 low-grade fibrosarcomas, 1 classic fibrosarcoma arising in dermatofibrosarcoma protuberans, 1 inflammatory myxohyaline tumor/myxoinflammatory fibroblastic sarcoma), myofibroma/myofibromatosis (n=12), nodular fasciitis (n=11), and scars (n=9).
  • [MeSH-minor] Adolescent. Adult. Aged. Aged, 80 and over. Biomarkers, Tumor / metabolism. Child. Cicatrix / metabolism. Cicatrix / pathology. Cytoplasm / metabolism. Cytoplasm / pathology. Diagnosis, Differential. Fasciitis / metabolism. Fasciitis / pathology. Female. Humans. Male. Middle Aged. beta Catenin

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  • (PMID = 15832090.001).
  • [ISSN] 0147-5185
  • [Journal-full-title] The American journal of surgical pathology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Am. J. Surg. Pathol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Biomarkers, Tumor; 0 / CTNNB1 protein, human; 0 / Cytoskeletal Proteins; 0 / Trans-Activators; 0 / beta Catenin
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58. Katsuragi N, Shiraishi Y, Kita H, Hashizume M, Miyasaka Y, Tanaka S: [Endobronchial neurinoma treated with left lower lobectomy]. Kyobu Geka; 2007 Feb;60(2):104-8
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  • Benign endobronchial tumors are rare, and among these endobronchial neurinoma is extremely rare.
  • On immunohistochemical staining, the tumor was positive for S-100 protein and negative for a-smooth muscle actin.

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  • (PMID = 17305074.001).
  • [ISSN] 0021-5252
  • [Journal-full-title] Kyobu geka. The Japanese journal of thoracic surgery
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Kyobu Geka
  • [Language] jpn
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Japan
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59. Shim HS, Choi YD, Cho NH: Malignant glomus tumor of the urinary bladder. Arch Pathol Lab Med; 2005 Jul;129(7):940-2
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  • [Title] Malignant glomus tumor of the urinary bladder.
  • We present a case of a malignant glomus tumor arising in the urinary bladder of a 57-year-old woman with metastatic pulmonary nodules who died 2 months later.
  • The present case retained its architectural similarity to a benign glomus tumor and consisted of sheets of highly malignant round cells showing cytoplasmic positivity for smooth muscle actin.
  • On reticulin histochemical staining, we found that reticulum fibrils surrounded individual tumor cells, suggesting cellular investment by basement membrane.
  • [MeSH-major] Glomus Tumor / diagnosis. Urinary Bladder Neoplasms / diagnosis

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  • (PMID = 15974822.001).
  • [ISSN] 1543-2165
  • [Journal-full-title] Archives of pathology & laboratory medicine
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Arch. Pathol. Lab. Med.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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60. Chaplin A, Conrad DM, Tatlidil C, Jollimore J, Walsh N, Covert A, Pasternak S: Primary cutaneous PEComa. Am J Dermatopathol; 2010 May;32(3):310-2
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  • Microscopic examination of the excisional specimen revealed a dermal tumor composed of nests of epithelioid cells exhibiting clear cytoplasm.
  • The tumor showed an infiltrative border.
  • Immunohistochemical evaluation revealed that the tumor cells were positive for HMB-45 and microftalmia associated transcription factor (MITF).
  • The tumor cells were negative for S-100 protein, alfa smooth muscle actin, HHF-35, and various cytokeratins.
  • They constitute a spectrum of lesions in different organs including angiomyolipoma of the kidney and liver, sugar tumor of the lung, lymphangiomatosis, and lymphangiomyoma.
  • Follow-up data is limited but they appear to behave in a benign fashion.
  • We report an additional case with the goal of alerting dermatopathologists to this distinctive unusual neoplasm.
  • [MeSH-minor] Antigens, Neoplasm / analysis. Biomarkers, Tumor / analysis. Biopsy. Desmin / analysis. Female. Humans. Leg. Melanoma-Specific Antigens. Microphthalmia-Associated Transcription Factor / analysis. Middle Aged. Neoplasm Proteins / analysis. Treatment Outcome

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  • (PMID = 20139753.001).
  • [ISSN] 1533-0311
  • [Journal-full-title] The American Journal of dermatopathology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Am J Dermatopathol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Antigens, Neoplasm; 0 / Biomarkers, Tumor; 0 / Desmin; 0 / MITF protein, human; 0 / Melanoma-Specific Antigens; 0 / Microphthalmia-Associated Transcription Factor; 0 / Neoplasm Proteins
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61. Bilyeu SP, Bilyeu JD, Parthasarathy R: Intravenous lipoleiomyomatosis. Clin Imaging; 2006 Sep-Oct;30(5):361-4
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  • Intravenous lipoleiomyomatosis (LPL) is a rare benign tumor composed of fat and smooth muscle.
  • [MeSH-minor] Female. Heart Atria / pathology. Heart Atria / surgery. Humans. Magnetic Resonance Imaging. Middle Aged. Neoplasm Invasiveness. Pulmonary Artery / pathology. Pulmonary Artery / surgery. Tomography, X-Ray Computed

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  • (PMID = 16919562.001).
  • [ISSN] 0899-7071
  • [Journal-full-title] Clinical imaging
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Clin Imaging
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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62. Vujevich JJ, Goldberg LH, Kimyai-Asadi A, Law R: Recurrent nodule on the nasal columella: a good reason to re-biopsy. Int J Dermatol; 2008 Jul;47(7):728-31
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  • METHODS: Frozen sections revealed a spindle cell neoplasm.
  • Permanent section immunohistochemistry sections stained positive for vimentin and smooth muscle actin and negative for S100 and CD34, confirming the diagnosis of leiomyosarcoma.
  • RESULTS: The tumor was removed using Mohs micrographic surgery.
  • Re-biopsy of a "benign" growth may be necessary if clinicopathological correlation does not match with the clinical behavior of the tumor in question.
  • [MeSH-major] Leiomyosarcoma / pathology. Neoplasm Recurrence, Local / pathology. Neurofibroma / pathology. Skin Neoplasms / pathology

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  • (PMID = 18613884.001).
  • [ISSN] 1365-4632
  • [Journal-full-title] International journal of dermatology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Int. J. Dermatol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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63. Cohen DT, Oliva E, Hahn PF, Fuller AF Jr, Lee SI: Uterine smooth-muscle tumors with unusual growth patterns: imaging with pathologic correlation. AJR Am J Roentgenol; 2007 Jan;188(1):246-55
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  • [Title] Uterine smooth-muscle tumors with unusual growth patterns: imaging with pathologic correlation.
  • OBJECTIVE: This essay illustrates the salient features of variant smooth-muscle tumors on multiple imaging techniques with correlative pathology.
  • CONCLUSION: Parasitic leiomyoma, intravenous leiomyomatosis, disseminated peritoneal leiomyomatosis, and benign metastasizing leiomyoma show key features on multiple imaging techniques that correlate with pathology findings.
  • In the appropriate clinical setting, the radiologist should include these unusual lesions in the broader differential diagnosis of smooth-muscle tumors and, in certain cases, aid in surgical planning.
  • [MeSH-major] Diagnostic Imaging / methods. Image Enhancement / methods. Leiomyoma / diagnosis. Smooth Muscle Tumor / diagnosis. Uterine Neoplasms / diagnosis

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  • (PMID = 17179374.001).
  • [ISSN] 1546-3141
  • [Journal-full-title] AJR. American journal of roentgenology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] AJR Am J Roentgenol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Number-of-references] 7
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64. Sicaja M, Namiq A, Forster J, Damjanov I: Myxoid leiomyosarcoma of the liver. Pathol Res Pract; 2006;202(1):43-6
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  • The tumor was resected from a 64-year-old man.
  • The tumor was composed of deceptively benign-looking smooth muscle cells with clear cytoplasm suspended in a myxoid stroma with foci of hemorrhage.
  • Immunohistochemistry and electron microscopy confirmed that this was a smooth muscle cell neoplasm.
  • The abundance of glycogen and ultrastructural signs of smooth muscle differentiation were considered consistent with an immature smooth muscle cell phenotype consistent with the diagnosis of myxoid leiomyosarcoma.
  • [MeSH-minor] Biomarkers, Tumor. Humans. Male. Middle Aged

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  • (PMID = 16316722.001).
  • [ISSN] 0344-0338
  • [Journal-full-title] Pathology, research and practice
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Pathol. Res. Pract.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Germany
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Biomarkers, Tumor
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65. Liegl B, Hornick JL, Fletcher CD: Primary cutaneous PEComa: distinctive clear cell lesions of skin. Am J Surg Pathol; 2008 Apr;32(4):608-14
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  • Tumor size ranged from 0.7 to 2 cm (median size, 1.5 cm).
  • Tumor cells had clear, palely eosinophilic or granular cytoplasm.
  • Multinucleate tumor giant cells were observed in 3 cases.
  • In cases where HMB-45 was positive in fewer than 5% of tumor cells (5/10), microphthalmia transcription factor was positive in the majority of the tumor cell nuclei.
  • Desmin positivity was observed in 5 and smooth muscle actin in 1 case, respectively.
  • The other muscle markers (caldesmon, calponin) and also pan-keratin and epithelial membrane antigen were negative.
  • Primary cutaneous PEComas are rare and thus far apparently benign cutaneous tumors.
  • [MeSH-major] Biomarkers, Tumor / analysis. Melanoma / pathology. Skin Neoplasms / pathology
  • [MeSH-minor] Actins / analysis. Adolescent. Adult. Aged. Aged, 80 and over. Antigens, Neoplasm / analysis. Calcium-Binding Proteins / analysis. Calmodulin-Binding Proteins / analysis. Dermis / pathology. Desmin / analysis. Diagnosis, Differential. Female. Giant Cells / pathology. Humans. Immunohistochemistry. Keratins / analysis. MART-1 Antigen. Male. Melanoma-Specific Antigens. Microfilament Proteins / analysis. Microphthalmia-Associated Transcription Factor / analysis. Middle Aged. Mitotic Index. Mucin-1 / analysis. Neoplasm Invasiveness. Neoplasm Proteins / analysis. Subcutaneous Fat / pathology

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  • [CommentIn] Am J Dermatopathol. 2016 Feb;38(2):165-6 [26825164.001]
  • (PMID = 18277881.001).
  • [ISSN] 0147-5185
  • [Journal-full-title] The American journal of surgical pathology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Am. J. Surg. Pathol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Actins; 0 / Antigens, Neoplasm; 0 / Biomarkers, Tumor; 0 / Calcium-Binding Proteins; 0 / Calmodulin-Binding Proteins; 0 / Desmin; 0 / MART-1 Antigen; 0 / MITF protein, human; 0 / MLANA protein, human; 0 / Melanoma-Specific Antigens; 0 / Microfilament Proteins; 0 / Microphthalmia-Associated Transcription Factor; 0 / Mucin-1; 0 / Neoplasm Proteins; 0 / calponin; 68238-35-7 / Keratins
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71. Hossain D, Meiers I, Qian J, MacLennan GT, Bostwick DG: Prostatic leiomyoma with atypia: follow-up study of 10 cases. Ann Diagn Pathol; 2008 Oct;12(5):328-32
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  • The histologic findings consisted of a solid circumscribed expansile stromal nodule with abundant smooth muscle and variable numbers of atypical bizarre giant cells.
  • The cells of the tumor displayed intense immunoreactivity for desmin, actin, and androgen receptor and weak to moderate reactivity for vimentin.
  • Despite worrisome histologic appearance, a benign clinical behavior was seen in all cases.
  • [MeSH-minor] Actins / metabolism. Aged. Aged, 80 and over. Biomarkers, Tumor / metabolism. Desmin / metabolism. Humans. Immunohistochemistry. Male. Middle Aged. Neoplasm Recurrence, Local. Receptors, Androgen / metabolism. Treatment Outcome. Vimentin / metabolism

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  • (PMID = 18774494.001).
  • [ISSN] 1532-8198
  • [Journal-full-title] Annals of diagnostic pathology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Ann Diagn Pathol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Actins; 0 / Biomarkers, Tumor; 0 / Desmin; 0 / Receptors, Androgen; 0 / Vimentin
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72. Gamblin TC, Krasinskas AM, Slivka AS, Tublin ME, Demetris J, Shue E, Caro S, Marsh JW, James Moser A: Fibroinflammatory biliary stricture: a rare bile duct lesion masquerading as cholangiocarcinoma. J Gastrointest Surg; 2009 Apr;13(4):713-21
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  • INTRODUCTION: Fibroinflammatory biliary stricture (FIBS) is a rare benign tumor-like process of the extrahepatic bile duct that masquerades as cholangiocarcinoma.
  • Preoperative evaluation included computed tomography scan and endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography with benign brush cytology.
  • RESULTS AND DISCUSSION: Immunohistochemistry demonstrated smooth muscle actin expression in all lesions except one; five tumors exhibited IgG4 positive plasma cells.
  • [MeSH-minor] Actins / metabolism. Adult. Aged. Cholangiopancreatography, Endoscopic Retrograde. Constriction, Pathologic. Female. Humans. Immunohistochemistry. Inflammation / pathology. Male. Middle Aged. Muscle, Smooth / metabolism. Portal Vein / diagnostic imaging. Retrospective Studies. Tomography, X-Ray Computed

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  • (PMID = 19057967.001).
  • [ISSN] 1873-4626
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of gastrointestinal surgery : official journal of the Society for Surgery of the Alimentary Tract
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Gastrointest. Surg.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Grant] United States / NIDDK NIH HHS / DK / DK-51485; United States / NICHD NIH HHS / HD / K12 HD 049109
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Actins
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73. Hoekzema R, Zonneveld IM, van der Wal AC: Type 2 segmental glomangiomas. Dermatol Online J; 2010;16(1):8
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  • Glomangiomas of the skin, currently named glomuvenous malformations (GVMs), are benign vascular lesions composed of thin-walled distorted blood vessels, surrounded by variable rows of glomus cells.
  • These cells resemble the modified smooth muscle cells of the normal glomus body.
  • Glomuvenous malformations occur after both alleles of the gene encoding for glomulin, a molecule involved in smooth muscle cell differentiation, are hit by a loss-of-function mutation.
  • [MeSH-major] Adaptor Proteins, Signal Transducing / genetics. Glomus Tumor / pathology. Neoplasms, Multiple Primary / pathology. Skin Neoplasms / pathology
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Biopsy. Germ-Line Mutation. Humans. Loss of Heterozygosity. Male. Myocytes, Smooth Muscle / pathology. Thigh. Thorax. Wrist

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  • (PMID = 20137750.001).
  • [ISSN] 1087-2108
  • [Journal-full-title] Dermatology online journal
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Dermatol. Online J.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Adaptor Proteins, Signal Transducing; 0 / GLMN protein, human
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74. Coco DP, Hirsch MS, Hornick JL: Smoothelin is a specific marker for smooth muscle neoplasms of the gastrointestinal tract. Am J Surg Pathol; 2009 Dec;33(12):1795-801
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  • [Title] Smoothelin is a specific marker for smooth muscle neoplasms of the gastrointestinal tract.
  • Smoothelin is a smooth muscle-specific cytoskeletal protein exclusively found in differentiated smooth muscle cells.
  • This contrasts with other smooth muscle proteins (eg, h-caldesmon, alpha-smooth muscle actin, desmin, smooth muscle myosin), which are expressed in proliferative (early) stages of smooth muscle development and occasionally in other cell types (striated muscle, myofibroblasts, myoepithelial cells, pericytes).
  • Smoothelin has been shown to be expressed predominantly in visceral smooth muscle and to a lesser extent in vascular smooth muscle.
  • The purpose of this study was to determine whether immunostaining for smoothelin could help distinguish smooth muscle neoplasms from their morphologic mimics, particularly KIT-negative gastrointestinal stromal tumors (GISTs), desmin-positive GISTs, and desmoid fibromatosis.
  • Cytoplasmic expression of smoothelin was present in all 24 (100%) benign smooth muscle tumors (mural leiomyomas and leiomyomas of the muscularis mucosae).
  • Nuclear expression of smoothelin was not detected in any of the other tumor types examined.
  • In summary, diffuse cytoplasmic staining for smoothelin is highly sensitive and specific for benign leiomyomas of the GI tract.
  • These findings suggest that the extent and pattern of smoothelin expression may help differentiate between benign and malignant mesenchymal tumors of the GI tract, and may be useful in distinguishing leiomyomas from KIT-negative and/or desmin-positive GISTs.
  • [MeSH-major] Biomarkers, Tumor / analysis. Cytoskeletal Proteins / analysis. Gastrointestinal Neoplasms / chemistry. Muscle Proteins / analysis. Smooth Muscle Tumor / chemistry
  • [MeSH-minor] Cell Differentiation. Cell Nucleus / chemistry. Cytoplasm / chemistry. Desmin / analysis. Diagnosis, Differential. Humans. Immunohistochemistry. Neoplasm Staging. Predictive Value of Tests. Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-kit / analysis. Sensitivity and Specificity

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  • (PMID = 19950405.001).
  • [ISSN] 1532-0979
  • [Journal-full-title] The American journal of surgical pathology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Am. J. Surg. Pathol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Biomarkers, Tumor; 0 / Cytoskeletal Proteins; 0 / Desmin; 0 / Muscle Proteins; 0 / SMTN protein, human; EC 2.7.10.1 / Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-kit
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75. Palade R, Grigoriu M, Voiculescu D: [Gallbladder leiomyoma]. Chirurgia (Bucur); 2006 Jul-Aug;101(4):415-8
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  • Leiomyoma, benign tumor generated by wall's smooth muscle proliferation, is extremely rare revealed.
  • Laparoscopic cholecystectomy is the sufficient and recommended procedure; only even the benignity of the tumor is pathologically established.

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  • (PMID = 17059154.001).
  • [ISSN] 1221-9118
  • [Journal-full-title] Chirurgia (Bucharest, Romania : 1990)
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Chirurgia (Bucur)
  • [Language] rum
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Romania
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76. Román-Díaz J, Alayón-Laguer D, Fernández Nelson M, Luis B, Caceres-Perkins W, Conde-Sterling D: Rare benign breast tumor. Bol Asoc Med P R; 2010 Apr-Jun;102(2):50-2
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  • [Title] Rare benign breast tumor.
  • We report the case of a female patient with an incidental finding at routine mammography evaluation which consisted of a benign spindle cell tumor, namely Breast Myofibroblastoma.
  • It is arranged in fascicles with interspersed broad bands of hyalinized collagen with variable immunohistochemical reactivity to desmin, vimentin, smooth muscle actin and CD 34.
  • It is important to recognize the benign nature of this neoplasm to prevent extensive mutilating surgical procedures.
  • [MeSH-major] Breast Neoplasms / pathology. Neoplasms, Muscle Tissue / pathology

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  • (PMID = 20939206.001).
  • [ISSN] 0004-4849
  • [Journal-full-title] Boletín de la Asociación Médica de Puerto Rico
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Bol Asoc Med P R
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Puerto Rico
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77. Yang S, Chen X, Wang L, Zhang J: Non-sebaceous lymphadenoma of the salivary gland: case report with immunohistochemical investigation. Virchows Arch; 2007 May;450(5):595-9
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  • Non-sebaceous lymphadenoma (NSL) is a rare, recently described, benign salivary gland tumor characterized by a dense lymphoid infiltrate and absence of sebaceous differentiation.
  • The tumor was encapsulated and measured 3 x 2 x 2 cm.
  • Microscopically, the tumor comprised islands of epithelial cells with centrally located duct-like structures within a dense lymphoid stroma.
  • Immunohistochemically, the tumor regularly expressed CKs 7, 8/18, and 19, which are typical for columnar differentiation and CKs 17 and 5/6, which are most typically expressed in basal cells of complex epithelia.
  • Additionally, immunostaining for smooth muscle actin, vimentin, and S-100 was also performed.
  • [MeSH-minor] Biomarkers, Tumor / analysis. Female. Humans. Keratins / analysis. Middle Aged. Treatment Outcome

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  • (PMID = 17431672.001).
  • [ISSN] 0945-6317
  • [Journal-full-title] Virchows Archiv : an international journal of pathology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Virchows Arch.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Germany
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Biomarkers, Tumor; 68238-35-7 / Keratins
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78. Agaimy A, Wünsch PH, Schroeder J, Gaumann A, Dietmaier W, Hartmann A, Hofstaedter F, Mentzel T: Low-grade abdominopelvic sarcoma with myofibroblastic features (low-grade myofibroblastic sarcoma): clinicopathological, immunohistochemical, molecular genetic and ultrastructural study of two cases with literature review. J Clin Pathol; 2008 Mar;61(3):301-6
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  • AIMS: Low-grade myofibroblastic sarcoma (LGMS) represents a rare soft tissue neoplasm with a predilection for the head and neck.
  • The tumour cells strongly expressed vimentin, variably alpha-smooth muscle actin and fibronectin, but were negative for CD117, S-100, desmin, h-caldesmon, beta-catenin, ALK-1, MDM2, PDGFRalpha and PDGFRbeta.
  • LGMS may mimic a variety of benign and low-grade malignant neoplasms and might be under-recognised.
  • [MeSH-major] Neoplasm Recurrence, Local / ultrastructure. Peritoneal Neoplasms / ultrastructure. Sarcoma / ultrastructure. Soft Tissue Neoplasms / ultrastructure
  • [MeSH-minor] Actins / analysis. Aged. Biomarkers, Tumor / analysis. DNA Mutational Analysis. Female. Fibronectins / analysis. Humans. Immunohistochemistry. Mesentery. Middle Aged. Mitotic Index. Pelvis. Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-kit / genetics. Receptor, Platelet-Derived Growth Factor alpha / genetics. Vimentin / analysis

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  • (PMID = 17513510.001).
  • [ISSN] 1472-4146
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of clinical pathology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Clin. Pathol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Actins; 0 / Biomarkers, Tumor; 0 / Fibronectins; 0 / Vimentin; EC 2.7.10.1 / Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-kit; EC 2.7.10.1 / Receptor, Platelet-Derived Growth Factor alpha
  • [Number-of-references] 38
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79. Xiang H, Ding W, Liu F, Ren GP, Wang ZM, Zhu XZ: [Clinicopathologic analysis of mixed epithelial and stromal tumor of kidney and adult cystic nephroma]. Zhonghua Bing Li Xue Za Zhi; 2009 Jul;38(7):436-40
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  • [Title] [Clinicopathologic analysis of mixed epithelial and stromal tumor of kidney and adult cystic nephroma].
  • OBJECTIVE: To study the clinicopathologic features, immunophenotype and differential diagnosis of mixed epithelial and stromal tumor of kidney (MEST) and adult cystic nephroma (CN).
  • The spindle cells in MEST expressed vimentin (5/5), smooth muscle actin (3/5), desmin (4/5), CD10 (5/5), estrogen receptor (4/5) and progesterone receptor (4/5).
  • On the other hand, the spindle cells in CN were variably positive for vimentin (4/4), smooth muscle actin (4/4), desmin (1/4), estrogen receptor (3/4) and progesterone receptor (1/4).
  • CONCLUSIONS: Both MEST and CN are uncommon renal neoplasm.
  • Most of them run a benign clinical course.
  • The stromal cells in MEST show smooth muscle or myofibroblastic differentiation.

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  • (PMID = 19781188.001).
  • [ISSN] 0529-5807
  • [Journal-full-title] Zhonghua bing li xue za zhi = Chinese journal of pathology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Zhonghua Bing Li Xue Za Zhi
  • [Language] chi
  • [Publication-type] English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] China
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / ACTA2 protein, human; 0 / Actins; 0 / Desmin; 0 / Receptors, Estrogen; 0 / Vimentin
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80. Furuya Y, Uchida K, Tateyama S: A case of glomus tumor in a dog. J Vet Med Sci; 2006 Dec;68(12):1339-41
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  • [Title] A case of glomus tumor in a dog.
  • The neoplastic cells were positive for alpha-smooth muscle actin and vimentin, and were negative for cytokeratin (AE1/AE3), desmin, factor-VIII related antigen, S-100 protein, and neuron specific enolase.
  • On the basis of these findings, this tumor was diagnosed as glomus tumor.
  • Since the present neoplasm had neither recurrence nor distal metastasis during the 12 month after surgical resection, the biological natures of the present neoplasm are supposed to be benign.

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  • (PMID = 17213705.001).
  • [ISSN] 0916-7250
  • [Journal-full-title] The Journal of veterinary medical science
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Vet. Med. Sci.
  • [Language] ENG
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Japan
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81. Yoshida C, Ichimura T, Kawamura N, Nakano A, Kasai M, Sumi T, Ishiko O: A scoring system for histopathologic and immunohistochemical evaluations of uterine leiomyosarcomas. Oncol Rep; 2009 Oct;22(4):725-31
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  • Uterine leiomyosarcomas (LMS) are difficult to distinguish from benign leiomyomas without surgery.
  • In this study we performed transcervical needle biopsy on 475 patients, 8 LMS patients and 467 patients with non-sarcomas (non-LMS) in a high-risk group for LMS, and evaluated whether examinations performed with Ki-67 and CD34 immunohistochemical analyses in addition to the standard hematoxylin-eosin (H&E)-stained sections would improve preoperative diagnostic precision of the uterine smooth muscle tumors.
  • Histopathologic analysis included three factors: degree of cytologic atypia, mitotic index and coagulative tumor cell necrosis (CTCN).

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  • (PMID = 19724849.001).
  • [ISSN] 1021-335X
  • [Journal-full-title] Oncology reports
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Oncol. Rep.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Greece
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Antigens, CD34; 0 / Ki-67 Antigen
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82. Piura B, Rabinovich A, Sinelnikov I, Delgado B: Tailgut cyst initially misdiagnosed as ovarian tumor. Arch Gynecol Obstet; 2005 Oct;272(4):301-3
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  • [Title] Tailgut cyst initially misdiagnosed as ovarian tumor.
  • It is usually benign and located in the retrorectal/presacral space.
  • The initial diagnosis was neoplasm of the right ovary.
  • Microscopic examination revealed that the wall of the cystic mass consists of a lining epithelium composed of columnar and squamous epithelium and a stroma composed of fibrous tissue containing scattered discontinuous bundles of smooth muscle fibers.

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  • (PMID = 16041543.001).
  • [ISSN] 0932-0067
  • [Journal-full-title] Archives of gynecology and obstetrics
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Arch. Gynecol. Obstet.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Germany
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83. Durak H, Comunoglu NU, Comunoglu C, Guven A, Cam M, Dervisoglu S, Eren B: Specificity and sensitivity of differentiation antigens in superficial soft tissue tumors: comparison of SMA, calponin, H-caldesmon, C-kit, PLAP and HPL. Bratisl Lek Listy; 2010;111(8):432-8
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  • We examined the expression pattern of smooth muscle actin (SMA), h-caldesmon (HCD), calponin (CALP), placental alkaline phosphatase (PLAP) and human placental lactogen (HPL) in benign and malignant spindle cell superficial soft tissue tumors in order to determine the role of these markers in differential diagnosis.
  • Archival tissue from 38 patients with superficial smooth muscle cell and so-called fibrohistiocytic tumors (8 benign fibrous histiocytomas (BFHs), 6 dermatofibrosarcoma protuberans (DFPT), 9 malignant fibrous histiocytomas (MFHs), 9 leiomyomas (LMs) and 6 leiomyosarcomas (LMSs)) were immunostained with antibodies against SMA, HCD, CALP, PLAP and HPL. smooth muscle cell (SMC) tumors showed significantly high immunopositivity for HCD than that of so-called fibrohistiocytic tumors (p is less than or equal to 0.05) but 1/3 of DFPT and MFH cases and half of BFH cases also showed HCD immunopositivity; thus, this difference is debatable and not highly discriminative as expected.
  • All tumor groups showed 100% immunopositivity for CALP.
  • [MeSH-major] Antigens, Differentiation / analysis. Biomarkers, Tumor / analysis. Soft Tissue Neoplasms / diagnosis

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  • (PMID = 21033622.001).
  • [ISSN] 0006-9248
  • [Journal-full-title] Bratislavské lekárske listy
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Bratisl Lek Listy
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Slovakia
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Actins; 0 / Antigens, Differentiation; 0 / Biomarkers, Tumor; 0 / Calcium-Binding Proteins; 0 / Calmodulin-Binding Proteins; 0 / GPI-Linked Proteins; 0 / Isoenzymes; 0 / Microfilament Proteins; 0 / calponin; 9035-54-5 / Placental Lactogen; EC 2.7.10.1 / Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-kit; EC 3.1.3.1 / Alkaline Phosphatase; EC 3.1.3.1 / alkaline phosphatase, placental
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84. Val-Bernal JF, Aguilera C, Villagrá NT, Correas MA: Myxoma of the renal capsule. Pathol Res Pract; 2005;200(11-12):835-40
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  • A radiological examination incidentally discovered a right renal tumor.
  • The resected kidney contained a well-circumscribed gelatinous capsular tumor.
  • The tumor cells showed diffuse immunoreactivity for vimentin.
  • Occasional cells stained for alpha-smooth muscle actin and calponin.
  • No basal lamina was identified around the tumor cells.
  • The differential diagnosis includes many other benign and malignant soft-tissue lesions exhibiting prominent secondary myxoid features.
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Biomarkers, Tumor / analysis. Cell Nucleus / ultrastructure. Cytoplasmic Structures / ultrastructure. Humans. Immunoenzyme Techniques. Male. Nephrectomy. Treatment Outcome. Vimentin / analysis

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  • (PMID = 15792129.001).
  • [ISSN] 0344-0338
  • [Journal-full-title] Pathology, research and practice
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Pathol. Res. Pract.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Germany
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Biomarkers, Tumor; 0 / Vimentin
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85. Gesundheit B, Parkin P, Greenberg M, Baruchel S, Senger C, Kapelushnik J, Smith C, Klement GL: The role of angiogenesis in the transformation of plexiform neurofibroma into malignant peripheral nerve sheath tumors in children with neurofibromatosis type 1. J Pediatr Hematol Oncol; 2010 Oct;32(7):548-53
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  • PURPOSE: The role of angiogenesis in the transformation of peripheral neurofibroma (PNF) to malignant peripheral nerve sheath tumor (MPNST) in neurofibromatosis type 1 (NF1) remains elusive and forms the objective of this study.
  • The role of proangiogenic growth factors such as Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor (VEGF), and its receptors Flk-1 and Flt-1, and vessel maturity, defined as von Willebrand factor (vWf), α-smooth muscle actin+ (SMA+), were evaluated by immuno-histochemistry.
  • In NF and PNF tumor cells were VEGF-, in contrast to VEGF+ tumor cells in MPNST.
  • VEGF receptors also manifested a tumor stage-specific pattern.
  • It permits a pair-wise evaluation of the malignant conversion of benign PNF into its malignant counterpart, in the same patients.

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  • (PMID = 20686424.001).
  • [ISSN] 1536-3678
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of pediatric hematology/oncology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Pediatr. Hematol. Oncol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Actins; 0 / VEGFA protein, human; 0 / Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor A; 0 / von Willebrand Factor; EC 2.7.10.1 / FLT1 protein, human; EC 2.7.10.1 / Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor Receptor-1; EC 2.7.10.1 / Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor Receptor-2
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86. Nogales FF, Stolnicu S, Harilal KR, Mooney E, García-Galvis OF: Retiform uterine tumours resembling ovarian sex cord tumours. A comparative immunohistochemical study with retiform structures of the female genital tract. Histopathology; 2009 Mar;54(4):471-7
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  • The average age of patients was 65 years, and all tumours behaved in a benign fashion.
  • Epithelial membrane antigen, desmin, smooth muscle actin and calponin were negative.
  • CONCLUSIONS: RUTROSCTs have benign behaviour but may be confused with various uterine adenocarcinomas or metastases.
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Aged. Antigens, CD56 / metabolism. Biomarkers, Tumor / metabolism. Calbindin 2. Diagnosis, Differential. Female. Humans. Immunohistochemistry. Inhibins / metabolism. Keratin-7 / metabolism. Middle Aged. Mucin-1 / metabolism. Neprilysin / metabolism. S100 Calcium Binding Protein G / metabolism. Sertoli-Leydig Cell Tumor / metabolism. Sertoli-Leydig Cell Tumor / pathology

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  • [CommentIn] Histopathology. 2009 Nov;55(5):619-20; author reply 620-1 [19912370.001]
  • (PMID = 19309399.001).
  • [ISSN] 1365-2559
  • [Journal-full-title] Histopathology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Histopathology
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Comparative Study; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Antigens, CD56; 0 / Biomarkers, Tumor; 0 / CALB2 protein, human; 0 / Calbindin 2; 0 / Keratin-7; 0 / Mucin-1; 0 / S100 Calcium Binding Protein G; 0 / inhibin-alpha subunit; 57285-09-3 / Inhibins; EC 3.4.24.11 / Neprilysin
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87. Fang HQ, Yang J, Zhang FF, Cui Y, Han AJ: Clinicopathological features of gastric glomus tumor. World J Gastroenterol; 2010 Sep 28;16(36):4616-20
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  • [Title] Clinicopathological features of gastric glomus tumor.
  • AIM: To study the clinicopathological features of gastric glomus tumor and review the related Chinese literature published in 1990-2010.
  • METHODS: A case of gastric glomus tumor was reported.
  • Clinicopathological findings in 56 cases of gastric glomus tumor were analyzed.
  • RESULTS: Gastric glomus tumor was far more common in women than in men with a female to male ratio of 1.6:1.
  • The tumor was located in antrum of the stomach.
  • The greatest diameter of the tumor was 0.8-11 cm.
  • Histologically, the tumor was comprised of nests of glomus cells surrounding the capillaries.
  • Vimentin, smooth muscle actin and actin were expressed in the tumor.
  • CONCLUSION: Gastric glomus tumor is a rare benign mesenchymal neoplasm.
  • Differential diagnosis includes gastrointestinal stromal tumor, paraganglioma and carcinoid tumor.
  • [MeSH-major] Glomus Tumor. Stomach Neoplasms

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  • [Cites] Am J Surg Pathol. 2002 Mar;26(3):301-11 [11859201.001]
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  • (PMID = 20857536.001).
  • [ISSN] 2219-2840
  • [Journal-full-title] World journal of gastroenterology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] World J. Gastroenterol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] China
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC2945497
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88. Parikh P, Chan TY, Epstein JI, Argani P: Incidental stromal-predominant mixed epithelial-stromal tumors of the kidney: a mimic of intraparenchymal renal leiomyoma. Arch Pathol Lab Med; 2005 Jul;129(7):910-4
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  • CONTEXT: Mixed epithelial-stromal tumor of the kidney is a recently recognized benign renal tumor that usually occurs in adult women and typically forms a sizable lesion with solid and cystic areas.
  • RESULTS: All 3 lesions contained predominantly fascicles of smooth muscle mimicking leiomyoma, but they also had cellular subpopulations of smaller, müllerian-appearing stromal cells.
  • Although only the spindled smooth muscle cells were immunoreactive for muscle markers desmin and actin, both the spindled smooth muscle cells and the cellular müllerian-appearing stromal cells demonstrated diffuse nuclear labeling for estrogen and progesterone receptors.
  • CONCLUSIONS: Mixed epithelial-stromal tumor of the kidney may present as an incidental stromal-predominant lesion within the kidney.
  • [MeSH-major] Angiomyolipoma / diagnosis. Kidney Neoplasms / diagnosis. Leiomyoma / diagnosis. Neoplasms, Complex and Mixed / diagnosis. Neoplasms, Glandular and Epithelial / diagnosis. Smooth Muscle Tumor / diagnosis. Stromal Cells / pathology

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  • (PMID = 15974815.001).
  • [ISSN] 1543-2165
  • [Journal-full-title] Archives of pathology & laboratory medicine
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Arch. Pathol. Lab. Med.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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89. Yahara T, Yamaguchi R, Yokoyama G, Yamaguchi M, Nakagawa S, Toh U, Shirouzu K, Kage M, Fujii T: Adenomyoepithelioma of the breast diagnosed by a mammotome biopsy: report of a case. Surg Today; 2008;38(2):144-6
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  • Adenomyoepithelioma is an uncommon primary breast tumor.
  • It is conspicuous for two elements of the tumor, namely, ductal and myoepithelial components.
  • Recently, a Mammotome biopsy, or stereotactic vacuum-assisted biopsy has become popular and various benign or borderline lesions are obtained.
  • Histologically, the tumor demonstrated a thick and bi-cellular growth pattern consisting of ducts and myoepithelium.
  • Immunohistochemically, epithelial cells were positive for cytokeratin AE1/AE3 and cytokeratin, epithelial membrane antigen (EMA), and carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA), negative for alpha-smooth muscle actin (alpha-SMA).

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  • (PMID = 18239872.001).
  • [ISSN] 0941-1291
  • [Journal-full-title] Surgery today
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Surg. Today
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Japan
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90. Buragas M, Kidd M, Modlin IM, Cha C: Multiple gastrointestinal stromal tumors and synchronous ileal carcinoids. Nat Clin Pract Oncol; 2005 Mar;2(3):166-70; quiz 1 p following 170
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  • His physical examination and medical history were unremarkable except for benign prostatic hypertrophy.
  • An esophagogastroduodenoscopy showed a 3 x 2 x 2 cm smooth round mass in the cardia, 2 cm distal to the gastroesophageal junction.
  • Biopsy of the mass revealed an ulcerated tumor composed of spindle cells.
  • Immunohistochemistry showed positive staining for a number of biochemical markers, including KIT, Ki-67 and smooth muscle actin, but was negative for the markers S100 and desmin.
  • [MeSH-major] Carcinoid Tumor / pathology. Ileal Neoplasms / pathology. Neoplasms, Multiple Primary. Neoplasms, Second Primary


91. Moore AB, Yu L, Swartz CD, Zheng X, Wang L, Castro L, Kissling GE, Walmer DK, Robboy SJ, Dixon D: Human uterine leiomyoma-derived fibroblasts stimulate uterine leiomyoma cell proliferation and collagen type I production, and activate RTKs and TGF beta receptor signaling in coculture. Cell Commun Signal; 2010;8:10
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  • BACKGROUND: Uterine leiomyomas (fibroids) are benign smooth muscle tumors that often contain an excessive extracellular matrix (ECM).
  • The soluble factors released by tumor-derived fibroblasts and/or UtLM cells, and activation of the growth factor receptors and their pathways stimulated the proliferation of UtLM cells and enhanced the production of ECM proteins.
  • CONCLUSIONS: These data support the importance of interactions between fibroid tumor cells and ECM fibroblasts in vivo, and the role of growth factors, and ECM proteins in the pathogenesis of uterine fibroids.


92. Bodner-Adler B, Bartl M, Wagner G: Intravenous leiomyomatosis of the uterus with pulmonary metastases or a case with benign metastasizing leiomyoma? Anticancer Res; 2009 Feb;29(2):495-6
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  • [Title] Intravenous leiomyomatosis of the uterus with pulmonary metastases or a case with benign metastasizing leiomyoma?
  • BACKGROUND: Intravenous leiomyomatosis (IVL) is defined as an intraluminal growth of benign smooth muscle cells in either venous or lymphatic vessels outside the confines or even in the absence of leiomyomas.
  • Benign metastasizing uterine leiomyoma is defined as a histologically benign uterine smooth muscle tumor that acts in a somewhat malignant fashion and produces benign metastases.
  • CONCLUSION: Though intravenous leiomyomatosis imitates a malignant neoplasm concerning the pattern of growth and extension, and benign metastasizing leiomyoma produces benign metastases, they must be differentiated histologically from malignant tumors to prevent overtreatment.


93. Ip PP, Lam KW, Cheung CL, Yeung MC, Pun TC, Chan QK, Cheung AN: Tranexamic acid-associated necrosis and intralesional thrombosis of uterine leiomyomas: a clinicopathologic study of 147 cases emphasizing the importance of drug-induced necrosis and early infarcts in leiomyomas. Am J Surg Pathol; 2007 Aug;31(8):1215-24
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  • When the overall gross and microscopic features of a leiomyoma with coagulative necrosis favor a benign lesion, the drug history should be reviewed so that this type of early and healing infarct-type necrosis is considered as the underlying cause of the apparent coagulative necrosis.
  • This may otherwise result in a diagnosis of smooth muscle tumor of uncertain malignant potential, leading to prolonged follow-up and unnecessary further surgical intervention.

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  • (PMID = 17667546.001).
  • [ISSN] 0147-5185
  • [Journal-full-title] The American journal of surgical pathology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Am. J. Surg. Pathol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Antifibrinolytic Agents; 6T84R30KC1 / Tranexamic Acid
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94. Yosepovich A, Perelman M, Ayalon S, Papa M, Kopolovic J: Syringomatous adenoma of the nipple: a case report. Pathol Res Pract; 2005;201(5):405-7
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  • This is a rare lesion of the breast that can clinically mimic breast carcinoma, but harbors a benign and only locally aggressive course.
  • Awareness of both the clinician and the pathologist for the possibility of diagnosing this tumor in the nipple region is mandatory to avoid mastectomy and lymph node dissection.
  • [MeSH-minor] Actins / analysis. Adult. Female. Humans. Immunohistochemistry. Muscle, Smooth / chemistry

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  • (PMID = 16047951.001).
  • [ISSN] 0344-0338
  • [Journal-full-title] Pathology, research and practice
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Pathol. Res. Pract.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Germany
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Actins
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95. Chatelain D, Lauzanne P, Yzet T, Guernou M, Delcenserie R, Regimbeau JM, Sevestre H: [Gastric calcifying fibrous pseudotumor, a rare mesenchymal tumor of the stomach]. Gastroenterol Clin Biol; 2008 May;32(5 Pt 1):441-4
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  • [Title] [Gastric calcifying fibrous pseudotumor, a rare mesenchymal tumor of the stomach].
  • CT-scan showed a 2 cm hypodense nodular tumor of the gastric wall with granular calcifications.
  • Upper endoscopy showed a nodular tumor along the lesser curvature of the gastric body, covered by normal gastric mucosa and biopsies were negative.
  • A diagnosis of gastric stromal tumor was suspected and a partial gastrectomy was performed.
  • On gross examination surgical specimen showed a firm, whitish nodular tumor measuring 2 cm in diameter.
  • On microscopic examination the tumor was composed of whorls of dense hyalinized collagen bundles with a few fibroblasts.
  • They did not stain for smooth muscle actin, desmin, CD34, CD117, S100 protein, Ki-67 and ALK-1.
  • Surgical resection of the tumor was complete.
  • These benign tumors are usually incidentally discovered.

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  • (PMID = 18343068.001).
  • [ISSN] 0399-8320
  • [Journal-full-title] Gastroentérologie clinique et biologique
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Gastroenterol. Clin. Biol.
  • [Language] fre
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] France
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96. Shannon BA, Cohen RJ, Segal A, Baker EG, Murch AR: Clear cell renal cell carcinoma with smooth muscle stroma. Hum Pathol; 2009 Mar;40(3):425-9
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  • [Title] Clear cell renal cell carcinoma with smooth muscle stroma.
  • A recent publication described 5 unusual clear cell renal tumors with prominent smooth muscle stroma that were characterized only by immunostaining.
  • We report 3 additional tumors composed of clear cell renal cell carcinoma intimately admixed with abundant smooth muscle stroma.
  • Epithelial differentiation of the malignant clear cell components and smooth muscle differentiation of the benign spindle cell stroma was confirmed by the immunostaining profiles and by electron microscopy.
  • Extensive tissue sampling and immunostaining are recommended to distinguish cases with an extensive smooth muscle component from morphologically similar but benign lesions including angiomyolipoma, leiomyoma, or mixed epithelial and stromal tumor of the kidney.
  • [MeSH-major] Adenocarcinoma, Clear Cell / pathology. Kidney Neoplasms / pathology. Muscle, Smooth / pathology. Stromal Cells / pathology
  • [MeSH-minor] Aged. Biomarkers, Tumor / analysis. Chromosome Deletion. Chromosomes, Human, Pair 3. Disease-Free Survival. Female. Humans. In Situ Hybridization, Fluorescence. Male. Microscopy, Electron, Transmission. Middle Aged. Nephrectomy


97. Nagai K, Aadachi K, Saito H: Huge pedunculated angiomyofibroblastoma of the vulva. Int J Clin Oncol; 2010 Apr;15(2):201-5
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  • We present the case of a huge pedunculated benign mesenchymal myxoid tumor that developed on the right labia majora of a 48-year-old-woman.
  • Microscopic examination revealed spindle and plump oval tumor cells arranged with abundant capillary vessels in an edematous stroma.
  • Immunohistochemical staining showed that the tumor cells were positive for vimentin, desmin, estrogen receptor, and progesterone receptor, but negative for alpha-smooth muscle actin, CD34, CD45, CD68, and S-100.
  • A pedunculated angiomyofibroblastoma is extremely rare and, to the best of our knowledge, this is the biggest such tumor in terms of size and weight reported to date.
  • It is especially important in such a huge mass greater than 10 cm that angiomyofibroblastoma is differentiated from aggressive angiomyxoma, which is a deeply invasive and recurrent neoplasm.

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  • (PMID = 20177728.001).
  • [ISSN] 1437-7772
  • [Journal-full-title] International journal of clinical oncology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Int. J. Clin. Oncol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Japan
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98. Antic T, Perry KT, Harrison K, Zaytsev P, Pins M, Campbell SC, Picken MM: Mixed epithelial and stromal tumor of the kidney and cystic nephroma share overlapping features: reappraisal of 15 lesions. Arch Pathol Lab Med; 2006 Jan;130(1):80-5
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Mixed epithelial and stromal tumor of the kidney and cystic nephroma share overlapping features: reappraisal of 15 lesions.
  • CONTEXT: Cystic nephroma is a rare cystic tumor, which only recently has been recognized as an exclusively adult lesion.
  • Mixed epithelial and stromal tumor of the kidney is also a rare, recently recognized, biphasic tumor composed of tubular and cystic elements embedded in grossly recognizable spindle cell stroma.
  • OBJECTIVES: To compare clinical phenotype, morphology, and immunohistochemistry in mixed epithelial and stromal tumor of the kidney and cystic nephroma in order to explore the relationship between these 2 lesions.
  • RESULTS: Mixed epithelial and stromal tumor of the kidney occurred exclusively in women aged 36 to 80 years (mean, 49.7 years), all of whom had a history of estrogen therapy and/or obesity.
  • All 15 lesions were benign.
  • However, in all lesions tested, the stroma was diffusely positive for smooth muscle actin, and smooth muscle differentiation was confirmed by electron microscopy.
  • The epithelial lining in both mixed epithelial and stromal tumor of the kidney and cystic nephroma lesions was variable with regard to shape, cytoplasmic appearance, and immunophenotype (with focal positivity for CD10, cytokeratin 7, high-molecular-weight keratin, and Ulex europaeus detectable in both lesions).
  • CONCLUSIONS: While mixed epithelial and stromal tumor of the kidney has a strong association with the female sex and hormonal milieu, cystic nephroma can affect both sexes and, on occasion, may also have hormonal associations.
  • Our studies also suggest that the tubules may be entrapped rather than comprising an intrinsic component of the tumor.
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Aged. Aged, 80 and over. Biomarkers, Tumor. Female. Humans. Immunoenzyme Techniques. Male. Middle Aged. Neoplasms, Glandular and Epithelial / metabolism. Neoplasms, Glandular and Epithelial / pathology. Receptors, Estrogen / metabolism. Receptors, Progesterone / metabolism

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  • (PMID = 16390243.001).
  • [ISSN] 1543-2165
  • [Journal-full-title] Archives of pathology & laboratory medicine
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Arch. Pathol. Lab. Med.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Biomarkers, Tumor; 0 / Receptors, Estrogen; 0 / Receptors, Progesterone
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99. Huang KH, Liu JH, Wang LY, Wang LY, Li CQ, Zhu ZH, Li HG: [Endoscopic, clinicopathologic and immunohistochemical features of gastric stromal tumor]. Ai Zheng; 2007 Nov;26(11):1252-6
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  • [Title] [Endoscopic, clinicopathologic and immunohistochemical features of gastric stromal tumor].
  • BACKGROUND & OBJECTIVE: For gastric stromal tumor (GST), the low incidence and high diversity in endoscopic and pathologic manifestations lead to misdiagnosis.
  • The expression of CD117, CD34, smooth muscle actin (SMA), Desmin and S-100 were detected by immunohistochemistry.
  • RESULTS: Of the 42 cases of GST, 21 (50.0%) were at the fundus, 14 (33.3%) at the body, and 7 (16.7%) at the antrum; 17 (40.5%) were benign, 14 (33.3%) borderline, 11 (26.2%) malignant.
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Aged. Aged, 80 and over. Female. Follow-Up Studies. Humans. Immunohistochemistry. Liver Neoplasms / secondary. Male. Middle Aged. Neoplasm Recurrence, Local. Retrospective Studies. Survival Rate

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  • (PMID = 17991328.001).
  • [Journal-full-title] Ai zheng = Aizheng = Chinese journal of cancer
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Ai Zheng
  • [Language] chi
  • [Publication-type] English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] China
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Antigens, CD34; EC 2.7.10.1 / Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-kit
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100. Gibbs KE, White A, Kaleya R: Laparoscopic management of an adrenal leiomyoma in an AIDS patient. A case report and review of the literature. JSLS; 2005 Jul-Sep;9(3):345-8
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  • We describe a case of an enlarging smooth muscle tumor of the adrenal gland in an acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) patient and review the sparse literature available on this subject.
  • DISCUSSION: Benign, smooth muscle tumors arising from the adrenal glands are rare.

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  • (PMID = 16121885.001).
  • [ISSN] 1086-8089
  • [Journal-full-title] JSLS : Journal of the Society of Laparoendoscopic Surgeons
  • [ISO-abbreviation] JSLS
  • [Language] ENG
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Number-of-references] 12
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC3015615
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