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1. Sasaki T, Shinya S, Nakagawa Y, Hisamatsu Y, Sukehiro S, Guiqing Z, Yamamoto F: Diffusion-weighted imaging is a feasible method for screening colorectal cancer: report of a case. Hepatogastroenterology; 2007 Oct-Nov;54(79):1951-3
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • However, these examinations revealed no primary tumor.
  • DWI showed bright signal mass in the rectum.
  • A histopathological analysis demonstrated the tumor to be moderately differentiated adenocarcinoma.
  • [MeSH-major] Adenocarcinoma / diagnosis. Diffusion Magnetic Resonance Imaging. Liver Neoplasms / secondary. Rectal Neoplasms / diagnosis
  • [MeSH-minor] Aged, 80 and over. Feasibility Studies. Gastrointestinal Hemorrhage / etiology. Humans. Male. Rectum / radiography. Tomography, X-Ray Computed

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  • (PMID = 18251135.001).
  • [ISSN] 0172-6390
  • [Journal-full-title] Hepato-gastroenterology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Hepatogastroenterology
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Greece
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2. Hoang CD, Boettcher AK, Jessurun J, Pambuccian SE, Bullard KM: An unusual rectosigmoid mass: endometrioid adenocarcinoma arising in colonic endometriosis: case report and literature review. Am Surg; 2005 Aug;71(8):694-7
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  • Primary involvement of these types of tumors with the colon and/or rectum is a rare clinical entity.
  • Endometrioid carcinoma is a common histologic type that remains a diagnostic challenge-the main differential diagnosis includes colorectal carcinomas.
  • Immunohistochemical staining in addition to the usual histopathology was critical for accurate diagnosis of this endometriosis-associated intestinal tumor.
  • [MeSH-major] Carcinoma, Endometrioid / etiology. Colonic Diseases / complications. Endometriosis / complications. Rectal Neoplasms / etiology. Sigmoid Neoplasms / etiology

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  • (PMID = 16217955.001).
  • [ISSN] 0003-1348
  • [Journal-full-title] The American surgeon
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Am Surg
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Number-of-references] 22
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3. Atabek C, Demirbağ S, Sürer I, Kocaoğlu M, Ongürü O, Calişkan B, Oztürk H: Congenital pouch colon: is it really a rare pathology? Turk J Gastroenterol; 2007 Dec;18(4):261-4
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • A variable dilatation of the rectum and sigmoid is always present in anorectal malformation.
  • However, there is no clear definition of a limit for the dilatation of the rectum and sigmoid observed in anorectal malformation.
  • Furthermore, many surgeons do not routinely take a biopsy from a dilated rectum or sigmoid during a colostomy procedure in anorectal malformation cases.
  • [MeSH-minor] Anal Canal / abnormalities. Female. Humans. Infant, Newborn. Male. Rectum / abnormalities

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  • (PMID = 18080925.001).
  • [ISSN] 2148-5607
  • [Journal-full-title] The Turkish journal of gastroenterology : the official journal of Turkish Society of Gastroenterology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Turk J Gastroenterol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Turkey
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4. Realdon N, Ragazzi E, Morpurgo M, Ragazzi E: In vitro methods for the evaluation of drug availability from suppositories: comparison between biological and artificial membranes. Pharmazie; 2005 Oct;60(10):756-60
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  • Drug availability from suppositories is currently evaluated in vitro by means of a model consisting of a dialysis tube (porous membrane) or isolated biological membrane (animal rectum).
  • This method provides for an integrated hydro-lipophilic simulation of the biological membrane, including the mucus layer adhering to the rectal mucosa.
  • The in vitro rat rectum model provided overall results that were similar to those obtained with the porous membrane method, although the percentage values of AUC were lower.
  • However, the simulated model appeared to give a pattern of drug availability closer to that of the model of in vitro rat rectum.

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  • (PMID = 16259123.001).
  • [ISSN] 0031-7144
  • [Journal-full-title] Die Pharmazie
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Pharmazie
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Germany
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Excipients; 0 / Membranes, Artificial; 0 / Pharmaceutical Preparations; 0 / Pharmaceutical Vehicles; 0 / Suppositories; 0 / Triglycerides; 12713-12-1 / witepsol; 27Y3KJK423 / Aminophylline; 30IQX730WE / Polyethylene Glycols
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5. Frøkjaer JB, Andersen SD, Gale J, Arendt-Nielsen L, Gregersen H, Drewes AM: An experimental study of viscero-visceral hyperalgesia using an ultrasound-based multimodal sensory testing approach. Pain; 2005 Dec 15;119(1-3):191-200
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • The sensitivity to mechanical and heat stimulations was assessed in the proximal esophagus, duodenum and rectum before and after perfusion of the distal esophagus with acid or saline.
  • Another probe was used for mechanical stimulation of the rectum.
  • Posthoc analysis showed that this was mainly due to increased sensitivity in the rectum (P<0.001).
  • The somatic referred pain area to duodenal stimulations increased (P=0.04), while it was unaffected to esophageal and rectal stimulations (P>0.3).
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Duodenum / ultrasonography. Esophagus / ultrasonography. Female. Humans. Male. Middle Aged. Rectum / ultrasonography. Sodium Chloride. Viscera / ultrasonography

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  • (PMID = 16297555.001).
  • [ISSN] 0304-3959
  • [Journal-full-title] Pain
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Pain
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Clinical Trial; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] Netherlands
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 451W47IQ8X / Sodium Chloride
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6. Spatz H, Zülke C, Beham A, Agha A, Bolder U, Krenz D, Fürst A, Lattermann R, Gröppner G, Hemmerich B, Piso P, Schlitt H: ["Fast-Track" for laparoscopic-assisted rectum resection--what can be achieved? First results of a feasibility study]. Zentralbl Chir; 2006 Oct;131(5):383-7
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  • [Title] ["Fast-Track" for laparoscopic-assisted rectum resection--what can be achieved? First results of a feasibility study].
  • So far little is known about the complementary effects of minimally invasive surgery along with "fast-track" rehabilitation in the treatment of rectal cancer.
  • The aim of this pilot study was to investigate the influence of "fast-track" perioperative management on morbidity, recovery and length of hospital stay in laparoscopically-assisted rectum resections and to compare those data to earlier results.
  • METHODS: An interdiciplinary "fast-track" multimodal rehabilitation strategy with avoidance of mechanical bowel cleansing, with a restrictive intravenous intra- and postoperative fluid regimen, forced mobilisation, and early enteral nutrition was introduced into clinical practice and applied in 16 laparoscopically-assisted rectum resections.
  • CONCLUSIONS: "Fast-track" rehabilitation is feasible in rectum surgery and seems to complement the beneficial effects of minimally invasive surgery without increasing the complication rate.
  • [MeSH-major] Laparoscopy. Rectal Neoplasms / surgery. Rectum / surgery

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  • (PMID = 17089286.001).
  • [ISSN] 0044-409X
  • [Journal-full-title] Zentralblatt für Chirurgie
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Zentralbl Chir
  • [Language] ger
  • [Publication-type] Comparative Study; English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Germany
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Analgesics, Opioid; 4RP92LYZ2F / Pirinitramide
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7. Burtnyk M, Chopra R, Bronskill M: Simulation study on the heating of the surrounding anatomy during transurethral ultrasound prostate therapy: a 3D theoretical analysis of patient safety. Med Phys; 2010 Jun;37(6):2862-75
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  • This work simulated, quantified, and evaluated the thermal impact of these treatments on the rectum, pelvic bone, neurovascular bundles (NVBs), and urinary sphincters because damage to these structures can lead to complications.
  • RESULTS: Heating of the rectum posed the most important safety concern, influenced largely by the water temperature of an endorectal cooling device (ECD); depending on anatomy, temperatures of 7-37 degrees C were required to limit potential damage to less than 10 mm3 on the outer 1 mm layer of the rectal wall.
  • [MeSH-major] Models, Biological. Prostate / physiopathology. Prostatic Neoplasms / physiopathology. Prostatic Neoplasms / therapy. Therapy, Computer-Assisted / methods. Ultrasonic Therapy / methods

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  • (PMID = 20632598.001).
  • [ISSN] 0094-2405
  • [Journal-full-title] Medical physics
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Med Phys
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] United States
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8. Georg P, Kirisits C, Goldner G, Dörr W, Hammer J, Pötzi R, Berger D, Dimopoulos J, Georg D, Pötter R: Correlation of dose-volume parameters, endoscopic and clinical rectal side effects in cervix cancer patients treated with definitive radiotherapy including MRI-based brachytherapy. Radiother Oncol; 2009 May;91(2):173-80
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Correlation of dose-volume parameters, endoscopic and clinical rectal side effects in cervix cancer patients treated with definitive radiotherapy including MRI-based brachytherapy.
  • PURPOSE: Correlation of dosimetric parameters for MRI-based 3D treatment planning with rectoscopic findings and clinical rectal side effects.
  • METHODS AND MATERIALS: Rectosigmoidoscopy and rectal morbidity assessment were performed on 35 cervical cancer patients treated with external beam radiotherapy (EBRT) and HDR-intracavitary brachytherapy (ICB).
  • The total doses, normalised to 2 Gy fractions (EQD2, alpha/beta=3 Gy), in 0.1, 1.0 and 2.0 cm(3) (D(0.1 cc), D(1 cc), D(2 cc)) of rectum were determined by summation of EBRT and ICB plans.
  • The development of mucosal and clinical changes in the rectum follows a clear dose-effect and volume-effect.
  • [MeSH-major] Brachytherapy / methods. Magnetic Resonance Imaging / methods. Uterine Cervical Neoplasms / radiotherapy


9. Giamundo P, Altomare DF, Rinaldi M, De Nardi P, D'Onofrio V, Infantino A, Pucciani F, Romano G: The ProTect device in the treatment of severe fecal incontinence: preliminary results of a multicenter trial. Tech Coloproctol; 2007 Dec;11(4):310-4
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  • It consists of a pliable, silicone catheter with an inflatable balloon that seals the rectum at the anorectal junction, acting like an anal plug.
  • The proximal part of the catheter incorporates two contacts that monitor the rectum for the presence of feces.

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  • (PMID = 18060592.001).
  • [ISSN] 1123-6337
  • [Journal-full-title] Techniques in coloproctology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Tech Coloproctol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Clinical Trial; Comparative Study; Journal Article; Multicenter Study; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
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10. Rajendran RR, Plastaras JP, Mick R, McMichael Kohler D, Kassaee A, Vapiwala N: Daily isocenter correction with electromagnetic-based localization improves target coverage and rectal sparing during prostate radiotherapy. Int J Radiat Oncol Biol Phys; 2010 Mar 15;76(4):1092-9
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Daily isocenter correction with electromagnetic-based localization improves target coverage and rectal sparing during prostate radiotherapy.
  • If daily electromagnetic localization was not used, the excess in prescribed dose delivered to 70% of the rectum was 10 Gy and the deficit in prescribed dose delivered to 95% of the planning target volume was 10 Gy.
  • The mean isocenter shift was not associated with the volumes of the prostate, rectum, or bladder, or with patient body mass index.
  • CONCLUSIONS: Daily isocenter localization can reduce the treatment dose to the rectum.
  • [MeSH-major] Prostatic Neoplasms / radiotherapy. Prostheses and Implants. Radiation Injuries / prevention & control. Radiotherapy Planning, Computer-Assisted / methods. Rectum / radiation effects

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  • [Copyright] Copyright 2010 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
  • (PMID = 19625136.001).
  • [ISSN] 1879-355X
  • [Journal-full-title] International journal of radiation oncology, biology, physics
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Int. J. Radiat. Oncol. Biol. Phys.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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11. Shah AP, Chen SS, Strauss JB, Kirk MC, Coleman JL, Coon AB, Miller C, Dickler A: A dosimetric analysis comparing treatment of low-risk prostate cancer with TomoTherapy versus static field intensity modulated radiation therapy. Am J Clin Oncol; 2009 Oct;32(5):460-6
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • RTOG benchmark DVH values for the rectum and bladder and mean dose to the penile bulb were recorded.
  • RESULTS: The mean DVH values for each of the RTOG constraints for rectum and bladder were significantly improved using TomoTherapy.
  • CONCLUSIONS: TomoTherapy offers a more favorable dose distribution to the bladder and rectum, as well as improved target homogeneity in comparison with IMRT.
  • [MeSH-major] Prostatic Neoplasms / radiotherapy. Radiotherapy Planning, Computer-Assisted / methods. Radiotherapy, Intensity-Modulated / methods
  • [MeSH-minor] Humans. Male. Prostate / radiography. Radiation Injuries / prevention & control. Radiometry. Radiotherapy Dosage. Rectum / radiation effects. Risk. Tomography, X-Ray Computed. Urinary Bladder / radiation effects

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  • (PMID = 19564784.001).
  • [ISSN] 1537-453X
  • [Journal-full-title] American journal of clinical oncology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Am. J. Clin. Oncol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Comparative Study; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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12. Onik G, Mikus P, Rubinsky B: Irreversible electroporation: implications for prostate ablation. Technol Cancer Res Treat; 2007 Aug;6(4):295-300
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  • These include, variable damage at the cryo lesions margin, injury to adjacent structures such as rectum, urethra and NVB (neurovascular bundle), and long procedure time due to the need for multiple freeze thaw cycles, that have limited the acceptance of this modality.
  • IRE probes were placed percutaneously or trans-rectally using trans-rectal ultrasound guidance.
  • In one of the dogs, the lesions were made purposely to include the rectum, urethra, and neurovascular bundle (NVB).
  • Structures such as urethra, vessels, nerves, and rectum were unaffected by the IRE application.

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  • (PMID = 17668936.001).
  • [ISSN] 1533-0346
  • [Journal-full-title] Technology in cancer research & treatment
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Technol. Cancer Res. Treat.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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13. Kakimoto K, Inoue T, Nishikawa T, Ishida K, Kawakami K, Kuramoto T, Abe Y, Morita E, Murano N, Toshina K, Murano M, Umegaki E, Egashira Y, Okuda J, Tanigawa N, Hirata I, Katsu K, Higuchi K: Primary CD56+ NK/T-cell lymphoma of the rectum accompanied with refractory ulcerative colitis. J Gastroenterol; 2008;43(7):576-80
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Primary CD56+ NK/T-cell lymphoma of the rectum accompanied with refractory ulcerative colitis.
  • A case of primary NK/T-cell lymphoma of the rectum accompanied with ulcerative colitis (UC) in a 73-year-old man is reported.
  • Total colonoscopy performed 4 months after resolution of refractory UC complicated by cytomegalovirus colitis showed a markedly submucosal tumor in the rectum, which was histologically diagnosed as malignant lymphoma.
  • Therefore, based on a diagnosis of localized rectal lymphoma with UC, proctocolectomy was performed.
  • The resected specimen showed three submucosal tumors in the rectum with local nodal involvement.
  • Histologically, the tumors were characterized by diffusely infiltrating sheets of large atypical lymphoid cells, which were negative for CD4, CD8, and CD20 but were positive for CD56, CD3, and granzyme B.
  • Based on these findings, the patient was diagnosed with primary CD56+ NK/T-cell lymphoma of the rectum (stage IIE).
  • This is the first case report of primary rectal NK/T-cell lymphoma accompanied with UC.
  • [MeSH-major] Antigens, CD56 / analysis. Colitis, Ulcerative / complications. Lymphoma, Extranodal NK-T-Cell / complications. Rectal Neoplasms / complications

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  • (PMID = 18648746.001).
  • [ISSN] 0944-1174
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of gastroenterology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Gastroenterol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Japan
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Antigens, CD56
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14. van der Vaart MG, van der Zwet WC, Arends JW, Eeftinck Schattenkerk M, Eddes EH: Rectal carcinoma treated with short-term preoperative radiotherapy followed by abdominoperineal resection. Significantly more presacral abscesses with absence of local recurrence. Dig Surg; 2006;23(3):173-7; discussion 177-8
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  • [Title] Rectal carcinoma treated with short-term preoperative radiotherapy followed by abdominoperineal resection. Significantly more presacral abscesses with absence of local recurrence.
  • BACKGROUND: Treatment of choice for rectal carcinoma is short-term preoperative radiotherapy (5 x 5 Gy) followed by a total mesorectal excision (TME) of the rectum.
  • Research was needed to investigate whether short-term preoperative radiotherapy can be held accountable for the presumed rise in presacral abscess formation in the treatment of rectal carcinoma.
  • Group 1 existed of 30 patients who underwent a TME of the rectum without short-term preoperative radiotherapy.
  • Group two existed of 35 patients who underwent a TME of the rectum with short-term preoperative radiotherapy.
  • CONCLUSION: We found a significant increase in presacral abscess formation strongly suggestive due to the introduction of short-term preoperative radiotherapy in the treatment of rectal carcinoma.
  • We advocate that additional research is needed in order to formulate extra patient selection criteria for the use of preoperative radiotherapy in the treatment of rectal cancer.
  • [MeSH-major] Carcinoma / radiotherapy. Carcinoma / surgery. Colectomy / methods. Preoperative Care / methods. Rectal Neoplasms / radiotherapy. Rectal Neoplasms / surgery

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  • (PMID = 16837787.001).
  • [ISSN] 0253-4886
  • [Journal-full-title] Digestive surgery
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Dig Surg
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Switzerland
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15. Røkke O, Iversen KB, Ovrebø K, Maartmann-Moe H, Skarstein A, Halvorsen JF: Local resection of rectal tumors by transanal endoscopic microsurgery: experience with the first 70 cases. Dig Surg; 2005;22(3):182-9; discussion 189-90
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  • [Title] Local resection of rectal tumors by transanal endoscopic microsurgery: experience with the first 70 cases.
  • BACKGROUND: Transanal endoscopic microsurgery (TEM) can access the whole rectum up to 20 cm from the anal verge.
  • Due to its excellent view and accurate dissection, TEM is useful for the removal of adenoma and selected low risk cancers of the rectum.
  • METHODS: A prospective descriptive study of 70 patients treated for rectal tumor with TEM from December 99 until October 2002 at Haukeland University Hospital.
  • RESULTS: TEM was performed in 37 men and 33 women, median age 70.5 (19-90) years, for anticipated adenoma (n = 64), adenocarcinoma (n = 3), rectal ulcer (n = 1), and re-resection after snare resection of rectal polyp with adenocarcinoma (n = 1) and carcinoid tumor (n = 1).
  • The distance from the anal verge to the lower tumor border was 5.5 (2.5-14) cm.
  • Three of these underwent a secondary rectal resection and 5 patients have been observed without recurrence.
  • Of the 3 patients with known adenocarcinoma, there was one recurrence which was treated with a secondary curative rectal resection.
  • CONCLUSIONS: TEM can access tumors in the whole rectum.
  • Large tumors may be removed with low frequency of per- and postoperative complications and short hospital stay.
  • TEM is highly useful for removal of rectal adenoma.
  • A role for primary treatment of selected low-risk rectal cancers may emerge.
  • [MeSH-major] Adenocarcinoma / surgery. Adenoma / surgery. Carcinoid Tumor / surgery. Colectomy. Rectal Neoplasms / surgery

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  • [Copyright] Copyright (c) 2005 S. Karger AG, Basel.
  • (PMID = 16137996.001).
  • [ISSN] 0253-4886
  • [Journal-full-title] Digestive surgery
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Dig Surg
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Switzerland
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16. Wang ZJ, Li WM: [Effects of electroacupuncture on disorder of intestinal motility in a rat model of irritable bowel syndrome]. Zhong Xi Yi Jie He Xue Bao; 2010 Sep;8(9):883-7
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  • [Title] [Effects of electroacupuncture on disorder of intestinal motility in a rat model of irritable bowel syndrome].
  • OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effects of electroacupuncture (EA) on intestinal motility disorder in rats with irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) in order to provide experimental evidence for improving clinical treatment to IBS with EA.
  • METHODS: IBS was induced by inserting a balloon into the rectum of male Sprague-Dawley rats from their neonatal age (8th, 21st day after birth) and applying colorectal distention stimulation by inflating air into the balloon.
  • CONCLUSION: These results suggest that 1) there is an abnormal increase in intestinal motility indicating an intestinal motility disorder in IBS rats;.
  • 2) EA but not sham EA can relieve such intestinal motility disorder.

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  • (PMID = 20836980.001).
  • [ISSN] 1672-1977
  • [Journal-full-title] Zhong xi yi jie he xue bao = Journal of Chinese integrative medicine
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Zhong Xi Yi Jie He Xue Bao
  • [Language] chi
  • [Publication-type] English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] China
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17. Sookpotarom P, Vejchapipat P: Primary transanal Swenson pull-through operation for Hirschsprung's disease. Pediatr Surg Int; 2009 Sep;25(9):767-73
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  • METHODS: The records of 27 children (15 males and 12 females) with HD proven on the basis of rectal biopsy or barium enema who underwent primary TSPT between November 2003 and April 2008 were retrospectively reviewed.
  • The full-thickness dissection is performed upward around the rectum.
  • [MeSH-minor] Anal Canal / surgery. Anastomosis, Surgical / methods. Child, Preschool. Colon, Sigmoid / surgery. Female. Humans. Infant. Infant, Newborn. Length of Stay. Male. Postoperative Complications. Rectum / surgery. Retrospective Studies

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  • [Cites] Ann Surg. 2003 Oct;238(4):569-83; discussion 583-5 [14530728.001]
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  • (PMID = 19669648.001).
  • [ISSN] 1437-9813
  • [Journal-full-title] Pediatric surgery international
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Pediatr. Surg. Int.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Germany
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18. Cai H, Dong RZ, Wu JH, Zhu HY, Wang YN, Shi YQ, Mo SJ: [Clinical analysis of 168 cases of multiple primary colorectal carcinoma]. Zhonghua Wai Ke Za Zhi; 2008 Mar 1;46(5):370-4
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  • The clinical data of the patients were collected retrospectively to investigate the diagnosis and treatment of MPCC.
  • The median age at time of diagnosis of colorectal carcinoma was 58 years old (range from 20 to 82 years old).
  • The rectum and sigmoid colon were the most involved sites (61.6%).
  • Among the 96 SC patients, 91 were given preoperative colonoscopy and 65 (71.4%) got the diagnosis.
  • Colonoscopic surveillance is much more important in diagnosis and follow-up of MPCC for reducing the misdiagnosis of SC and detecting more MC in time.
  • [MeSH-major] Colorectal Neoplasms. Neoplasms, Multiple Primary

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  • (PMID = 18785535.001).
  • [ISSN] 0529-5815
  • [Journal-full-title] Zhonghua wai ke za zhi [Chinese journal of surgery]
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Zhonghua Wai Ke Za Zhi
  • [Language] chi
  • [Publication-type] English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] China
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19. Georg D, Kirisits C, Hillbrand M, Dimopoulos J, Pötter R: Image-guided radiotherapy for cervix cancer: high-tech external beam therapy versus high-tech brachytherapy. Int J Radiat Oncol Biol Phys; 2008 Jul 15;71(4):1272-8
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  • METHODS AND MATERIALS: Nine patients were selected with locally advanced cervix cancer, representing typical clinical situations according to initial tumor extension and response after EBT.
  • Gross tumor volume, high-risk clinical target volume (CTV), intermediate-risk CTV, bladder, rectum, and sigmoid were delineated.
  • Gross tumor volume doses were mostly lower for both IMRT and IMPT.
  • [MeSH-major] Brachytherapy / methods. Magnetic Resonance Imaging / methods. Radiotherapy, Computer-Assisted / methods. Radiotherapy, Conformal / methods. Uterine Cervical Neoplasms / diagnosis. Uterine Cervical Neoplasms / radiotherapy

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  • (PMID = 18495372.001).
  • [ISSN] 0360-3016
  • [Journal-full-title] International journal of radiation oncology, biology, physics
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Int. J. Radiat. Oncol. Biol. Phys.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Comparative Study; Controlled Clinical Trial; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] United States
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20. Shakespeare D, Mitchell DM, Carey BM, Finan P, Henry AM, Ash D, Bottomley DM, Al-Qaisieh B: Recto-urethral fistula following brachytherapy for localized prostate cancer. Colorectal Dis; 2007 May;9(4):328-31
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  • [Title] Recto-urethral fistula following brachytherapy for localized prostate cancer.
  • One such complication is recto-urethral fistula (RUF).
  • RESULTS: Recto-urethral fistula was identified in three (0.2%) patients, occurring at 19-27 months following BT.
  • All three patients had rectal symptoms after their BT and had been investigated with endoscopy and low rectal biopsy.
  • RUF following BT has been associated with rectal biopsy in previous series and this is confirmed in our report.
  • Gastrointestinal specialists should not perform biopsy of the anterior rectum in patients who have had BT unless there is a very high clinical suspicion of malignancy.
  • [MeSH-major] Brachytherapy / adverse effects. Prostatic Neoplasms / radiotherapy. Rectal Fistula / etiology. Urethral Diseases / etiology. Urinary Fistula / etiology


21. Burghardt J, Buess G: Transanal endoscopic microsurgery (TEM): a new technique and development during a time period of 20 years. Surg Technol Int; 2005;14:131-7
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  • The first indication for use of this new technique was excision of rectal adenomas.
  • With the development of endorectal ultrasound for staging, and because many adenomatous polyps contained early rectal cancer, the question arose as to how to deal with these patients after successful local excision.
  • Studies showed that the indication for use of the TEM-technique was extended to early, good differentiated rectal cancer-so-called, low-risk rectal cancer.
  • Many studies showed that the TEM-technique is the optimal operation to avoid complications for patients with rectal polyps and low-risk pT1 tumours of the rectum.
  • Currently, the TEM-technique is the only endoscopic technique that uses a natural opening to reach the target organ, and is a valuable surgical technique with a low complication rate for patients with adenomatous rectal tumours and early rectal cancer.
  • [MeSH-major] Adenoma / surgery. Colonoscopy / methods. Microsurgery / methods. Neoplasm Recurrence, Local / prevention & control. Rectal Neoplasms / surgery
  • [MeSH-minor] Colonoscopes. Humans. Lymphatic Metastasis. Neoplasm Staging

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  • (PMID = 16525965.001).
  • [ISSN] 1090-3941
  • [Journal-full-title] Surgical technology international
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Surg Technol Int
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Number-of-references] 37
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22. Goh BK, Chow PK, Quah HM, Ong HS, Eu KW, Ooi LL, Wong WK: Perforation of the gastrointestinal tract secondary to ingestion of foreign bodies. World J Surg; 2006 Mar;30(3):372-7
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  • Altogether, 18 (29%) perforations occurred in the anus or distal rectum, and 44 perforations were intraabdominal, with the most common abdominal site being the distal ileum (39%).

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  • (PMID = 16479337.001).
  • [ISSN] 0364-2313
  • [Journal-full-title] World journal of surgery
  • [ISO-abbreviation] World J Surg
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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23. Horiuchi A, Nakayama Y, Tanaka N, Kajiyama M, Fujii H, Yokoyama T, Hayashi K: Acute colorectal obstruction treated by means of transanal drainage tube: effectiveness before surgery and stenting. Am J Gastroenterol; 2005 Dec;100(12):2765-70
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  • The site of obstruction was the cecum in 4, the ascending colon in 2, the transverse colon in 7, the descending colon in 11, the sigmoid colon in 18, and the rectum in 12.
  • [MeSH-minor] Acute Disease. Aged. Aged, 80 and over. Colectomy / methods. Colonic Pseudo-Obstruction / radiography. Colonic Pseudo-Obstruction / therapy. Colorectal Neoplasms / complications. Colorectal Neoplasms / parasitology. Colorectal Neoplasms / radiography. Drainage / instrumentation. Female. Follow-Up Studies. Humans. Male. Middle Aged. Preoperative Care / methods. Retrospective Studies. Risk Assessment. Sensitivity and Specificity. Tomography, X-Ray Computed

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  • (PMID = 16393233.001).
  • [ISSN] 0002-9270
  • [Journal-full-title] The American journal of gastroenterology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Am. J. Gastroenterol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Comparative Study; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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24. McNamara JC, Zanotto FP, Onken H: Adaptation to hypoosmotic challenge in brachyuran crabs: a microanatomical and electrophysiological characterization of the intestinal epithelia. J Exp Zool A Comp Exp Biol; 2005 Oct 1;303(10):880-93
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  • We investigate microanatomy, ionic permeability and transepithelial electrophysiological parameters in the mid- and hindguts of three hyperosmoregulating crabs that inhabit estuarine waters (Chasmagnathus granulata), brackish mangrove swamp (Sesarma rectum) or freshwater (Dilocarcinus pagei).

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  • [Copyright] (c) 2005 Wiley-Liss, Inc.
  • (PMID = 16161014.001).
  • [ISSN] 1548-8969
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of experimental zoology. Part A, Comparative experimental biology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Exp. Zoolog. Part A Comp. Exp. Biol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 451W47IQ8X / Sodium Chloride
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25. Polliand C, Barrat C, Champault G: Laparoscopic resection of low rectal cancer with a mean follow-up of seven years. Surg Laparosc Endosc Percutan Tech; 2005 Jun;15(3):144-8
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  • [Title] Laparoscopic resection of low rectal cancer with a mean follow-up of seven years.
  • The role of laparoscopic surgery in the management of cancer of the rectum remains controversial.
  • The aim of this study was to evaluate prospectively 29 patients who underwent laparoscopic resection with total mesorectum excision for lower rectal carcinoma with a mean follow-up of 7 years.
  • From January 1993 to December 1998, 29 patients with proven low (<10 cm from the anal verge) rectal cancer were operated by a laparoscopic approach.
  • The conversion rate was 13.7% (4 cases): 1 for tumor invasion of adjacent structures, 2 for inadequate margins of resection, and 1 for locally advanced cancer.
  • Laparoscopic resection for low rectal cancer with total mesorectum excision can be performed with the same oncologic principles, low morbidity, and long-term complications.
  • [MeSH-major] Adenocarcinoma / surgery. Rectal Neoplasms / surgery
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Aged. Female. Follow-Up Studies. Humans. Male. Middle Aged. Neoplasm Recurrence, Local / epidemiology. Postoperative Care. Postoperative Complications / epidemiology. Treatment Outcome

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  • (PMID = 15956898.001).
  • [ISSN] 1530-4515
  • [Journal-full-title] Surgical laparoscopy, endoscopy & percutaneous techniques
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Surg Laparosc Endosc Percutan Tech
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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26. Wente MN, Büchler MW, Weitz J: [Gastrointestinal stromal tumors (GIST). Surgical therapy]. Chirurg; 2008 Jul;79(7):638-43
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  • [Title] [Gastrointestinal stromal tumors (GIST). Surgical therapy].
  • Gastrointestinal stromal tumors (GIST) are the most common mesenchymal neoplasms of the gastrointestinal tract.
  • GIST occur predominantly in the stomach and less frequently in the extraduodenal small bowel, the colon, and the rectum; rarely, GIST can be found in the esophagus and the duodenum.
  • Surgical therapy of extensive primary tumors or of metastatic or recurrent GIST should be integrated into a multimodal therapeutic concept that includes targeted therapy with tyrosine kinase inhibitors, such as imatinib.
  • [MeSH-major] Gastrointestinal Stromal Tumors / surgery
  • [MeSH-minor] Disease Progression. Gastrointestinal Tract / pathology. Gastrointestinal Tract / surgery. Humans. Neoplasm Staging. Prognosis. Survival Rate

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  • (PMID = 18575832.001).
  • [ISSN] 0009-4722
  • [Journal-full-title] Der Chirurg; Zeitschrift fur alle Gebiete der operativen Medizen
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Chirurg
  • [Language] ger
  • [Publication-type] English Abstract; Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] Germany
  • [Number-of-references] 46
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27. Okada M, Shinjo T: [Gabapentin mitigates neuropathic pain in cancer patients--a case report]. Gan To Kagaku Ryoho; 2007 Aug;34(8):1331-3
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • A 64-year-old male underwent low anterior resection of the rectum for rectal cancer.
  • [MeSH-major] Adenocarcinoma / physiopathology. Amines / therapeutic use. Analgesics / therapeutic use. Cyclohexanecarboxylic Acids / therapeutic use. Neuralgia / drug therapy. Pain, Intractable / drug therapy. Rectal Neoplasms / physiopathology. gamma-Aminobutyric Acid / therapeutic use
  • [MeSH-minor] Bone Neoplasms / secondary. Humans. Male. Middle Aged. Neoplasm Invasiveness. Neoplasm Recurrence, Local / pathology. Sacrum

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  • (PMID = 17687226.001).
  • [ISSN] 0385-0684
  • [Journal-full-title] Gan to kagaku ryoho. Cancer & chemotherapy
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Gan To Kagaku Ryoho
  • [Language] jpn
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Japan
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Amines; 0 / Analgesics; 0 / Cyclohexanecarboxylic Acids; 56-12-2 / gamma-Aminobutyric Acid; 6CW7F3G59X / gabapentin
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28. Godley A, Ahunbay E, Peng C, Li XA: Automated registration of large deformations for adaptive radiation therapy of prostate cancer. Med Phys; 2009 Apr;36(4):1433-41
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • Available deformable registration methods are often inaccurate over large organ variation encountered, for example, in the rectum and bladder.
  • The large deformations involved required that the bladder and rectum volume be masked with uniform intensities of -1000 and 1000 HU, respectively, in both the planning and treatment CTs.
  • The average rectum planning to treatment contour overlap improved from 67% to 93%, the lowest initial overlap is 43%.
  • [MeSH-major] Pattern Recognition, Automated. Prostatic Neoplasms / pathology. Prostatic Neoplasms / radiotherapy


29. Bhat S, Azad TP, Kaur M: Spontaneous perforation of rectum with evisceration of small bowel simulating intussusception. N Am J Med Sci; 2010 Dec;2(12):596-7
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  • [Title] Spontaneous perforation of rectum with evisceration of small bowel simulating intussusception.
  • CONTEXT: Spontaneous perforation of rectum is a rare event; however evisceration of the small bowel through the perforated site without predisposing factors is extremely rare, complex and worth reporting.
  • The operative findings revealed it to be a case of spontaneous perforation of rectum with evisceration of the small bowel through the perforation.
  • CONCLUSION: Sudden increase in the intra-abdominal pressure leads to the perforation in the chronically deranged rectal wall and pushes the small bowel loops into the pelvis and through the perforated rectum to appear transanally.

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  • (PMID = 22558574.001).
  • [ISSN] 1947-2714
  • [Journal-full-title] North American journal of medical sciences
  • [ISO-abbreviation] N Am J Med Sci
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] India
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC3338229
  • [Keywords] NOTNLM ; Spontaneous perforation / chronic straining / evisceration / rectum
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31. Ramos M, Esteva M, Cabeza E, Campillo C, Llobera J, Aguiló A: Relationship of diagnostic and therapeutic delay with survival in colorectal cancer: a review. Eur J Cancer; 2007 Nov;43(17):2467-78
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • BACKGROUND: Early diagnosis of colorectal cancer before the onset of symptoms improves survival.
  • Fourteen studies were excluded due to excessively restricted samples (e.g. exclusion of patients with intestinal obstruction, with tumours at stage C or D at the time of diagnosis, or who died 1-3 months after surgery); or because they studied only a portion of the delay.
  • There was no association between delay and survival when the colon and rectum were considered separately, when a multivariate analysis was performed, and when the effects of tumour stage and degree of differentiation were taken into account.
  • Colon and rectum should be assessed separately, and it is necessary to adjust for other relevant variables such as tumour stage.
  • [MeSH-major] Colorectal Neoplasms
  • [MeSH-minor] Early Diagnosis. Humans. Risk Assessment. Risk Factors. Survival Rate

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  • (PMID = 17931854.001).
  • [ISSN] 0959-8049
  • [Journal-full-title] European journal of cancer (Oxford, England : 1990)
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Eur. J. Cancer
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Meta-Analysis; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't; Review
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Number-of-references] 93
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32. Prudhomme M: [Clinical examination in dyschesia]. Prog Urol; 2009 Dec;19(13):944-6
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • An anterior rectal hernia should be accentuated by digital examination of the rectum.
  • [MeSH-major] Defecation. Rectal Diseases / diagnosis
  • [MeSH-minor] Female. Humans. Rectocele / complications. Rectocele / diagnosis

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  • (PMID = 19969263.001).
  • [ISSN] 1166-7087
  • [Journal-full-title] Progrès en urologie : journal de l'Association française d'urologie et de la Société française d'urologie
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Prog. Urol.
  • [Language] fre
  • [Publication-type] English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] France
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33. Roque R, Pina A, Soares C, Martinho A, Messias H: [Splenic metastasis in ovary serous adenocarcinoma]. Acta Med Port; 2007 Nov-Dec;20(6):581-6
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  • The primary tumours more frequently related with splenic metastasis are lung, breast, gynaecologic, specially ovary tumours, colon, rectum and melanoma.
  • [MeSH-major] Cystadenocarcinoma, Serous / secondary. Ovarian Neoplasms / pathology. Splenic Neoplasms / secondary

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  • (PMID = 18331703.001).
  • [ISSN] 1646-0758
  • [Journal-full-title] Acta médica portuguesa
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Acta Med Port
  • [Language] por
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Portugal
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34. Spencer NJ, Kerrin A, Zagorodnyuk VP, Hennig GW, Muto M, Brookes SJ, McDonnell O: Identification of functional intramuscular rectal mechanoreceptors in aganglionic rectal smooth muscle from piebald lethal mice. Am J Physiol Gastrointest Liver Physiol; 2008 Apr;294(4):G855-67
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  • [Title] Identification of functional intramuscular rectal mechanoreceptors in aganglionic rectal smooth muscle from piebald lethal mice.
  • The mechanosensitive endings of low-threshold, slowly adapting pelvic afferents that innervate the rectum have been previously identified as rectal intraganglionic laminar endings (rIGLEs) that lie within myenteric ganglia.
  • We tested whether the aganglionic rectum of piebald-lethal (s(l)/s(l)) mice lacks rIGLEs and whether this could explain impaired distension-evoked reflexes from this region.
  • Extracellular recordings were made from fine rectal nerves in C57BL/6 wild-type and s(l)/s(l) mice, combined with anterograde labeling.
  • In C57BL/6 mice, graded circumferential stretch applied to the rectum activated graded increases in firing of slowly adapting rectal mechanoreceptors.
  • In s(l)/s(l) mice, graded stretch of the aganglionic rectum activated similar graded increases in rectal afferent firing.
  • Anterograde labeling from recorded rectal nerves identified the mechanoreceptors of muscular afferents in the aganglionic rectal smooth muscle.
  • In summary, the aganglionic rectum is innervated by a population of stretch-sensitive rectal afferent mechanoreceptor which develops and functions in the absence of any enteric ganglia.
  • These results suggest that in patients with Hirschsprung's disease the inability to activate extrinsic distension reflexes from the aganglionic rectum is unlikely to be due to the absence of stretch-sensitive extrinsic mechanoreceptors.
  • [MeSH-major] Enteric Nervous System / physiopathology. Genes, Lethal. Hirschsprung Disease / physiopathology. Mechanoreceptors / physiopathology. Mechanotransduction, Cellular. Muscle, Smooth / innervation. Piebaldism / genetics. Rectum / innervation

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  • (PMID = 18218672.001).
  • [ISSN] 0193-1857
  • [Journal-full-title] American journal of physiology. Gastrointestinal and liver physiology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Am. J. Physiol. Gastrointest. Liver Physiol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Grant] United States / NCRR NIH HHS / RR / P20 RR-018751
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] United States
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35. Gérard JP, Francois E, Deustch E, Rostom Y, Douar N, Benezery K, Milano G: [Neoadjuvant approach for non-metastatic rectal cancer combining radiotherapy and chemotherapy. Biotargeted drugs]. Bull Cancer; 2009 Mar;96(3):321-8
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  • [Title] [Neoadjuvant approach for non-metastatic rectal cancer combining radiotherapy and chemotherapy. Biotargeted drugs].
  • [Transliterated title] Association de radiothérapie et de chimiothérapie. Thérapie ciblée préopératoire dans le cancer du rectum non métastatique.
  • Neoadjuvant chemoradiotherapy is considered at the present time as the standard treatment of most T3-4 rectal cancer.
  • For T2 and 'early T3' present studies are using neoadjuvant chemoradiation followed by transanal local excision in case of good tumor response.
  • In frail elderly patients, a new trend is to use mainly exclusive irradiation to control the tumor and avoid the excessive toxicity of open surgery in this group of patients.
  • As rectal cancer is presenting many different clinical situations, an individualised treatment appears justified.
  • [MeSH-major] Rectal Neoplasms / drug therapy. Rectal Neoplasms / radiotherapy

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  • (PMID = 19318310.001).
  • [ISSN] 1769-6917
  • [Journal-full-title] Bulletin du cancer
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Bull Cancer
  • [Language] fre
  • [Publication-type] English Abstract; Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] France
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Angiogenesis Inhibitors; 0 / Antineoplastic Agents; EC 2.7.10.1 / Receptor, Epidermal Growth Factor
  • [Number-of-references] 37
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36. Aubry JF, Cheung J, Yom S, Gottschalk A, Aubin M, Morin O, Descovich M, Beaulieu L, Pouliot J: Sci-Thurs PM: Delivery-12: Correction and calibration of megavoltage cone-beam CT images for the calculation of the dose of the day. Med Phys; 2008 Jul;35(7Part2):3401
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  • Several regions of interest were contoured including: the prostate and rectum and the spinal cord and parotids.
  • One patient had an average increase of 3.6% of the maximum dose received by 1% of the rectum.
  • Underdosage of the prostate and the dosimetric consequences of volume changes in rectum and bladder were observed.

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  • [Copyright] © 2008 American Association of Physicists in Medicine.
  • (PMID = 28512819.001).
  • [ISSN] 2473-4209
  • [Journal-full-title] Medical physics
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Med Phys
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Keywords] NOTNLM ; Calibration / Computed tomography / Medical image artifacts / Medical imaging / Tissues
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37. Koning MV, Loffeld RJ: Rectal bleeding in patients with haemorrhoids. Coincidental findings in colon and rectum. Fam Pract; 2010 Jun;27(3):260-2
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  • [Title] Rectal bleeding in patients with haemorrhoids. Coincidental findings in colon and rectum.
  • INTRODUCTION: Rectal bleeding is a very common clinical sign.
  • However, it can be a symptom of other pathology in the rectum or colon.
  • There are little data coincidental pathology in patients with haemorrhoids and rectal bleeding.
  • OBJECTIVE: To examine coincidental pathology in patients with rectal bleeding and haemorrhoids, especially with respect to age.
  • CONCLUSION: It can be concluded that in cases of rectal bleeding and haemorrhoids, coincidental pathology occurs in a large proportion of patients, especially the elderly.
  • [MeSH-major] Colon / physiopathology. Hemorrhage / diagnosis. Hemorrhoids / physiopathology. Rectum / physiopathology

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  • (PMID = 20207693.001).
  • [ISSN] 1460-2229
  • [Journal-full-title] Family practice
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Fam Pract
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] England
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38. Wong MT, Lim JF, Ho KS, Ooi BS, Tang CL, Eu KW: Radiation proctitis: a decade's experience. Singapore Med J; 2010 Apr;51(4):315-9
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  • INTRODUCTION: Pelvic radiotherapy is an essential component of potentially curative therapy for many pelvic malignancies; however, the rectum consequently often sustains collateral injury.
  • The relevant details, including gender, age, pelvic pathology for which radiotherapy was administered, the presenting symptoms, the interval between radiotherapy and the onset of symptoms, the mode of diagnosis, treatments received, length of hospital stay and duration of follow-up, were analysed.
  • The most common presenting symptom was bleeding per rectum (89.6 percent), with a change in bowel habits a distant second (10.4 percent).
  • The majority of patients who present with per rectal bleeding can be treated using topical modalities, while surgery may offer the only chance of relief from life-threatening symptoms.
  • [MeSH-major] Pelvic Neoplasms / radiotherapy. Pelvis / radiation effects. Proctitis / etiology

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  • (PMID = 20505910.001).
  • [ISSN] 0037-5675
  • [Journal-full-title] Singapore medical journal
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Singapore Med J
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Singapore
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39. Noguera Aguilar JF, Moreno Sanz C, Cuadrado García A, Olea Martínez-Mediero JM, Morales Soriano R, Vicens Arbona JC, Herrero Bogajo ML, Lozano Salvá L: [NOTES. History and current situation of natural orifice transluminal endoscopic surgery in Spain]. Cir Esp; 2010 Oct;88(4):222-7
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  • It is based on the possibility of performing intra-peritoneal surgical techniques through natural orifices by entering the peritoneal cavity through natural orifices perforating the organ that allows direct access to that cavity (stomach, vagina, rectum, bladder).

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  • [Copyright] Copyright © 2009 AEC. Published by Elsevier Espana. All rights reserved.
  • (PMID = 20667526.001).
  • [ISSN] 1578-147X
  • [Journal-full-title] Cirugía española
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Cir Esp
  • [Language] spa
  • [Publication-type] English Abstract; Historical Article; Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] Spain
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40. Ellison DA, Corredor-Buchmann J, Parham DM, Jackson RJ: Malignant triton tumor presenting as a rectal mass in an 11-month-old. Pediatr Dev Pathol; 2005 Mar-Apr;8(2):235-9
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  • [Title] Malignant triton tumor presenting as a rectal mass in an 11-month-old.
  • We report the case of an 11-month-old white male who had a family history of neurofibromatosis, had multiple café-au-lait spots on the trunk and extremities, and was diagnosed with a malignant triton tumor of the rectum.
  • To our knowledge, this is the first report of a malignant triton tumor of the rectum and one of the youngest patients reported with the tumor.
  • [MeSH-major] Genes, Neurofibromatosis 1. Genetic Predisposition to Disease. Nerve Sheath Neoplasms / pathology. Neurofibromatoses / genetics. Rectal Neoplasms / pathology
  • [MeSH-minor] Diagnosis, Differential. Humans. Infant. Leiomyosarcoma / diagnosis. Male. Mesenchymoma / diagnosis. Neuroectodermal Tumors, Primitive / diagnosis. Rhabdomyosarcoma / diagnosis

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  • (PMID = 15827834.001).
  • [ISSN] 1093-5266
  • [Journal-full-title] Pediatric and developmental pathology : the official journal of the Society for Pediatric Pathology and the Paediatric Pathology Society
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Pediatr. Dev. Pathol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Number-of-references] 18
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41. Hidalgo JM, Targarona EM, Martinez C, Hernandez P, Balague C, Trias M: Laparoscopic rectal surgery: does immediate outcome differ in respect to sex? Dis Colon Rectum; 2010 Apr;53(4):438-44
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  • [Title] Laparoscopic rectal surgery: does immediate outcome differ in respect to sex?
  • PURPOSE: This study analyzed the immediate postoperative outcome of the laparoscopic approach to the rectum in relation to the sex of the patient.
  • The inclusion criterion was rectal cancer <15 cm from the anal margin.
  • CONCLUSION: We believe that no important differences exist in perioperative outcomes between men and women after a laparoscopic approach to rectum cancer.
  • [MeSH-major] Laparoscopy. Rectal Neoplasms / surgery
  • [MeSH-minor] Aged. Analysis of Variance. Body Mass Index. Chi-Square Distribution. Comorbidity. Female. Humans. Length of Stay / statistics & numerical data. Male. Middle Aged. Neoplasm Staging. Sex Factors. Treatment Outcome

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  • (PMID = 20305444.001).
  • [ISSN] 1530-0358
  • [Journal-full-title] Diseases of the colon and rectum
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Dis. Colon Rectum
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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42. Nishihara K, Furuse M, Kinoshita Y, Isono N, Aoki A, Kuroiwa T: Differential brain cooling induced by transarterial perfusion of cooled crystalloid solution in canines. Neurol Res; 2009 Apr;31(3):251-7
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  • Temperatures were monitored in the cerebral hemispheres and rectum.
  • The cooling rates of the left cerebral hemisphere and rectum were 1.4 +/- 0.5 and 1.5 +/- 0.7 degrees C/30 min in Group 1, and 3.5 +/- 0.5 and 3.4 +/- 0.8 degrees C/30 min in Group 2, respectively.

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  • (PMID = 18700071.001).
  • [ISSN] 0161-6412
  • [Journal-full-title] Neurological research
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Neurol. Res.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Isotonic Solutions; 8026-10-6 / Ringer's solution
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43. Zeegers MP, Schouten LJ, Goldbohm RA, van den Brandt PA: A compendium of familial relative risks of cancer among first degree relatives: a population-based study. Int J Cancer; 2008 Oct 1;123(7):1664-73
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  • Significant concordant familial clustering was observed for stomach (RR(father) = 1.89, RR(parent) = 1.66, RR(sister) = 3.33, RR(sibling) = 2.38, RR(1st degree) = 1.69), colon/rectum (RR(father) = 1.82, RR(mother) = 1.83, RR(parent) = 1.88, RR(1st degree) = 1.56), lung (RR(brother) = 1.50) and breast cancer (RR(mother) = 1.65, RR(sister) = 1.72, RR(1st degree) = 1.72) with low false-positive reporting probabilities.
  • Significant discordant familial clustering has been observed for combinations of pancreas-colon/rectum (RR(mother) = 2.42, RR(parent) = 1.89, RR(1st degree) = 1.73), larynx-lung (RR(father) = 3.35, RR(parent) = 2.84, RR(1st degree) = 2.30), lung-oesophagus (RR(sibling) = 3.49), breast-bladder (RR(father) = 2.79, RR(parent) = 2.61), endometrium-stomach (RR(mother) = 2.32), ovarium-oesophagus (RR(1stdegree) = 4.19), prostate-colon/rectum (RR(parent) = 1.46) and bladder-larynx/pharynx (RR(father) = 2.49) cancer, although false-positive reporting probabilities were higher for these associations.
  • [MeSH-major] Genetic Predisposition to Disease. Neoplasms / genetics. Nuclear Family. Population Surveillance

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  • (PMID = 18623131.001).
  • [ISSN] 1097-0215
  • [Journal-full-title] International journal of cancer
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Int. J. Cancer
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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44. Rheault MR, Okech BA, Keen SB, Miller MM, Meleshkevitch EA, Linser PJ, Boudko DY, Harvey WR: Molecular cloning, phylogeny and localization of AgNHA1: the first Na+/H+ antiporter (NHA) from a metazoan, Anopheles gambiae. J Exp Biol; 2007 Nov;210(Pt 21):3848-61
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  • AgNHA1 message was detected in gastric caeca and rectum, with much weaker transcription in other parts of the alimentary canal.
  • Immunolabeling of whole mounts and longitudinal sections of isolated alimentary canal showed that AgNHA1 is expressed in the cardia, gastric caeca, anterior midgut, posterior midgut, proximal Malpighian tubules and rectum, as well as in the subesophageal and abdominal ganglia.

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  • (PMID = 17951426.001).
  • [ISSN] 0022-0949
  • [Journal-full-title] The Journal of experimental biology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Exp. Biol.
  • [Language] ENG
  • [Grant] United States / NIAID NIH HHS / AI / AI030464-16; United States / NIAID NIH HHS / AI / R01 AI030464; United States / NIAID NIH HHS / AI / AI 52436; United States / NIAID NIH HHS / AI / R01 AI030464-16
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Insect Proteins; 0 / RNA, Messenger; 0 / Sodium-Hydrogen Antiporter
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45. Cengiz M, Gürdalli S, Selek U, Yildiz F, Saglam Y, Ozyar E, Atahan IL: Effect of bladder distension on dose distribution of intracavitary brachytherapy for cervical cancer: three-dimensional computed tomography plan evaluation. Int J Radiat Oncol Biol Phys; 2008 Feb 1;70(2):464-8
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  • Bladder fullness significantly affected the dose to the small intestine, rectum, and bladder.
  • The rectal doses were also affected by bladder distension.
  • CONCLUSIONS: Bladder fullness changed the dose distributions to the bladder, rectum, and small intestine.
  • [MeSH-major] Brachytherapy / methods. Tomography, X-Ray Computed / methods. Urinary Bladder / anatomy & histology. Uterine Cervical Neoplasms / radiotherapy
  • [MeSH-minor] Aged. Colon, Sigmoid / radiation effects. Female. Humans. Imaging, Three-Dimensional. Intestine, Small / radiation effects. Middle Aged. Radiotherapy Dosage. Radiotherapy Planning, Computer-Assisted. Rectum / radiation effects. Statistics, Nonparametric. Tumor Burden


46. Lee JH, Ross WA, Davila R, Chang G, Lin E, Dekovich A, Davila M: Self-expandable metal stents (SEMS) can serve as a bridge to surgery or as a definitive therapy in patients with an advanced stage of cancer: clinical experience of a tertiary cancer center. Dig Dis Sci; 2010 Dec;55(12):3530-6
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  • BACKGROUND: Self-expandable metal stents (SEMS) can be used to relieve benign and malignant colorectal obstruction.
  • The locations of the obstruction were as follows: two in the ascending colon, one in the hepatic flexure, three in the transverse colon, two in the splenic flexure, two in the descending colon, 26 in the sigmoid colon, and ten in the rectum.
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Aged. Aged, 80 and over. Colon, Sigmoid / pathology. Colorectal Neoplasms / complications. Colorectal Neoplasms / pathology. Constriction, Pathologic. Female. Fluoroscopy. Foreign-Body Migration / epidemiology. Humans. Male. Middle Aged. Neoplasm Staging. Palliative Care. Prosthesis Design. Retrospective Studies. Young Adult

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  • (PMID = 20721627.001).
  • [ISSN] 1573-2568
  • [Journal-full-title] Digestive diseases and sciences
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Dig. Dis. Sci.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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47. West NJ, Clark SK, Phillips RK, Hutchinson JM, Leicester RJ, Belluzzi A, Hull MA: Eicosapentaenoic acid reduces rectal polyp number and size in familial adenomatous polyposis. Gut; 2010 Jul;59(7):918-25
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  • [Title] Eicosapentaenoic acid reduces rectal polyp number and size in familial adenomatous polyposis.
  • METHODS: Patients undergoing endoscopic surveillance of their retained rectum postcolectomy were randomised to EPA-FFA (SLA Pharma) 2 g daily or placebo for 6 months.
  • Global rectal polyp burden was scored (-1, 0, +1) by examination of video endoscopy records.
  • [MeSH-major] Adenomatous Polyposis Coli / prevention & control. Anticarcinogenic Agents / therapeutic use. Eicosapentaenoic Acid / therapeutic use. Intestinal Polyps / prevention & control. Rectal Neoplasms / prevention & control

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  • [CommentIn] Gut. 2010 Jul;59(7):871-3 [20581233.001]
  • (PMID = 20348368.001).
  • [ISSN] 1468-3288
  • [Journal-full-title] Gut
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Gut
  • [Language] eng
  • [Databank-accession-numbers] ClinicalTrials.gov/ NCT00510692
  • [Grant] United Kingdom / Medical Research Council / / G116/146
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Randomized Controlled Trial; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Anticarcinogenic Agents; 0 / Fatty Acids; AAN7QOV9EA / Eicosapentaenoic Acid
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48. Liu SH, Liu YF, Liou SH, Lin YL, Hsiao YC, Chen CC, Li CY, Wu TN: Mortality and cancer incidence among physicians of traditional Chinese medicine: a 20-year national follow-up study. Occup Environ Med; 2010 Mar;67(3):166-9
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  • The study cohort also had a significantly reduced SIR (80, 95% CI 71 to 90) for all cancers, and for neoplasm of rectum, rectosigmoid junction, and anus (SIR=45), female breast (SIR=30) and cervix uteri (SIR=10).
  • On the other hand, we noted that physicians of TCM suffered from a significantly increased SIR for neoplasm of liver and intrahepatic bile ducts (SIR=151, 95% CI 116 to 192) and of bladder cancer (SIR=259, 95% CI 167 to 382).
  • Nonetheless, reasons truly responsible for significantly increased risks of liver and bladder neoplasm among physicians of TCM warrant further investigations.
  • [MeSH-major] Medicine, Chinese Traditional. Neoplasms / mortality. Occupational Diseases / mortality. Occupational Exposure
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Cause of Death. Cohort Studies. Drugs, Chinese Herbal / adverse effects. Female. Follow-Up Studies. Humans. Incidence. Liver Neoplasms / mortality. Male. Middle Aged. Risk Factors. Taiwan / epidemiology. Urinary Bladder Neoplasms / mortality. Young Adult

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  • (PMID = 20223844.001).
  • [ISSN] 1470-7926
  • [Journal-full-title] Occupational and environmental medicine
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Occup Environ Med
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Drugs, Chinese Herbal
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49. Simnor T, Li S, Lowe G, Ostler P, Bryant L, Chapman C, Inchley D, Hoskin PJ: Justification for inter-fraction correction of catheter movement in fractionated high dose-rate brachytherapy treatment of prostate cancer. Radiother Oncol; 2009 Nov;93(2):253-8
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  • BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Fractionated high dose-rate (HDR) brachytherapy in the treatment of prostate cancer relies on reproducible catheter positions for each fraction to ensure adequate tumour coverage while minimising dose to normal tissues.
  • Dose to 2 cc of the rectum increased by a mean of 0.69 (f2) and 0.76 Gy (f3) compared with an increase of 0.03 and 0.04 Gy, respectively, with correction.
  • Without movement correction there is significant risk of tumour under-dosage and normal tissue over-dosage.
  • [MeSH-minor] Humans. Male. Movement. Prostatic Neoplasms / radiotherapy

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  • (PMID = 19854524.001).
  • [ISSN] 1879-0887
  • [Journal-full-title] Radiotherapy and oncology : journal of the European Society for Therapeutic Radiology and Oncology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Radiother Oncol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Ireland
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50. De Vargas Macciucca M, Casale A, Manganaro L, Floriani I, Fiore F, Marchetti L, Panzironi G: Rectal villous tumours: MR features and correlation with TRUS in the preoperative evaluation. Eur J Radiol; 2010 Feb;73(2):329-33
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  • [Title] Rectal villous tumours: MR features and correlation with TRUS in the preoperative evaluation.
  • AIM: The aim of this study was to assess the clinical relevance of MR and transrectal ultrasonography (TRUS) imaging of rectal villous tumours to elucidate the correlation between imaging results and specific histopathological tumour features, such as tumour size (T) and lymph node involvement (N), in order to establish the better technique for the pre-surgical patient evaluation.
  • PATIENTS AND METHODS: 23 cases of villous tumours of the rectum were studied with phased-array MR and TRUS.
  • Final diagnosis was based on histopathological results.
  • In particular, the following features were characterized by the imaging techniques mentioned above: lesion site, distance between lesion and ano-rectal junction, size, morphology and contrast enhancement of lesions, fluid layer around the lesion, alterations of the deep layers of the rectal wall, sphincter infiltration, presence or absence of mesorectal, iliac and obturatory lymphnode involvement.
  • DISCUSSION: Considering the frequent degeneration of villous tumours, correct preoperative identification and precise evaluation of these lesions, such as the detection of rectal wall invasion, is essential in deciding optimal treatment strategy.
  • [MeSH-major] Adenoma, Villous / diagnosis. Rectal Neoplasms / diagnosis. Rectum / pathology. Rectum / ultrasonography. Ultrasonography / methods

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  • [Copyright] Copyright (c) 2008 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved.
  • (PMID = 19157738.001).
  • [ISSN] 1872-7727
  • [Journal-full-title] European journal of radiology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Eur J Radiol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Comparative Study; Evaluation Studies; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Ireland
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51. Johnston H, Hilts M, Beckham W, Berthelet E: 3D ultrasound for prostate localization in radiation therapy: a comparison with implanted fiducial markers. Med Phys; 2008 Jun;35(6):2403-13
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  • Comparison of these margins to those reported in recent studies for use with FM IGRT indicate FMs offer greater sparing of the rectum and bladder than the US system.
  • [MeSH-major] Prostate / diagnostic imaging. Prostatic Neoplasms / diagnostic imaging. Prostatic Neoplasms / radiotherapy. Radiotherapy, Computer-Assisted / methods

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  • (PMID = 18649473.001).
  • [ISSN] 0094-2405
  • [Journal-full-title] Medical physics
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Med Phys
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Comparative Study; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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52. Hirata T, Sato M, Sasaki S, Sasaki O, Osawa T: Effect of suckling on embryo production by repeated ovum pick-up before and after timed artificial insemination in early postpartum Japanese black cows. J Reprod Dev; 2008 Oct;54(5):346-51
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  • Ovulation was confirmed by palpation per rectum the following day.

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  • (PMID = 18603834.001).
  • [ISSN] 0916-8818
  • [Journal-full-title] The Journal of reproduction and development
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Reprod. Dev.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Clinical Trial; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] Japan
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53. Seifert AW, Harfe BD, Cohn MJ: Cell lineage analysis demonstrates an endodermal origin of the distal urethra and perineum. Dev Biol; 2008 Jun 1;318(1):143-52
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  • Cloacal endoderm also gives rise to the epithelial linings of the bladder, rectum and anterior region of the anus.

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  • (PMID = 18439576.001).
  • [ISSN] 1095-564X
  • [Journal-full-title] Developmental biology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Dev. Biol.
  • [Language] ENG
  • [Grant] United States / NICHD NIH HHS / HD / HD054554-01; United States / NICHD NIH HHS / HD / R01 HD054554; United States / NICHD NIH HHS / HD / 1R01 HD054554-01; United States / NICHD NIH HHS / HD / R01 HD054554-01
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Androgen Antagonists; 76W6J0943E / Flutamide
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ NIHMS53182; NLM/ PMC3047571
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54. Chung YW, Han DS, Park YK, Son BK, Paik CH, Jeon YC, Sohn JH: Risk of advanced proximal adenoma and cancer according to rectosigmoid findings in the Korean population. Dig Dis Sci; 2006 Dec;51(12):2206-12
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  • Neoplasms were classified as diminutive adenoma (< or =5 mm), small adenoma (6-9 mm), advanced adenoma (> or =10 mm, with villous component or high-grade dysplasia), and cancer.
  • The sites of neoplasms were defined as rectosigmoid (rectum and sigmoid colon) and proximal (from cecum to descending colon) colon.
  • Among the 131 patients with proximal advanced adenoma, 66% had no neoplasm in the rectosigmoid colon.
  • Moreover, among the 27 patients with proximal cancer, 52% had no neoplasm in the rectosigmoid colon.
  • [MeSH-major] Adenoma / diagnosis. Colonic Neoplasms / diagnosis. Colonoscopy. Sigmoid Neoplasms / diagnosis. Sigmoidoscopy

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  • (PMID = 17089187.001).
  • [ISSN] 0163-2116
  • [Journal-full-title] Digestive diseases and sciences
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Dig. Dis. Sci.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Comparative Study; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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55. Haddock RL, Talon RJ, Whippy HJ: Ethnic disparities in cancer mortality among residents of Guam. Asian Pac J Cancer Prev; 2006 Jul-Sep;7(3):411-4
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  • ), colon-rectum-anus (28.6 vs. 19.7 U.S.
  • [MeSH-major] Ethnic Groups. Neoplasms / ethnology. Neoplasms / mortality

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  • [ErratumIn] Asian Pac J Cancer Prev. 2007 Jan-Mar;8(1):2
  • (PMID = 17059333.001).
  • [ISSN] 1513-7368
  • [Journal-full-title] Asian Pacific journal of cancer prevention : APJCP
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Asian Pac. J. Cancer Prev.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Grant] United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / 5 U56CA096278-02; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / RFA-CA-02-007
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] Thailand
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56. Best A, La Ragione RM, Clifford D, Cooley WA, Sayers AR, Woodward MJ: A comparison of Shiga-toxin negative Escherichia coli O157 aflagellate and intimin deficient mutants in porcine in vitro and in vivo models of infection. Vet Microbiol; 2006 Mar 10;113(1-2):63-72
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  • In porcine IVOC association assays, E. coli O157:H7 NCTC12900nal(r) was associated in significantly higher numbers to tissues from the caecum and the terminal rectum than other sites.

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  • (PMID = 16337755.001).
  • [ISSN] 0378-1135
  • [Journal-full-title] Veterinary microbiology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Vet. Microbiol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Comparative Study; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] Netherlands
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Adhesins, Bacterial; 0 / Escherichia coli Proteins; 147094-99-3 / eaeA protein, E coli
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57. Craig T, Wong E, Bauman G, Battista J, Van Dyk J: Impact of geometric uncertainties on evaluation of treatment techniques for prostate cancer. Int J Radiat Oncol Biol Phys; 2005 Jun 1;62(2):426-36
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  • Dose statistics, tumor control probabilities, and normal tissue complication probabilities were compared with and without the presence of uncertainty.
  • RESULTS: Compared with the planned treatments, the delivered dose distribution with random geometric uncertainties displayed an increase in the apparent minimal dose to the prostate and seminal vesicles and a decrease in the rectal volume receiving a high dose.
  • This increased the tumor control probabilities and decreased the normal tissue complication probabilities.
  • Changes were seen in the percentage of prostate volume receiving 100% and 95% of the prescribed dose, and the minimal dose and tumor control probabilities for the target volume.
  • In addition, the volume receiving at least 65 Gy, the minimal dose, and normal tissue complication probabilities changed considerably for the rectum.
  • [MeSH-major] Algorithms. Movement. Prostate. Prostatic Neoplasms / radiotherapy. Radiotherapy, Conformal / methods. Rectum

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  • (PMID = 15890584.001).
  • [ISSN] 0360-3016
  • [Journal-full-title] International journal of radiation oncology, biology, physics
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Int. J. Radiat. Oncol. Biol. Phys.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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58. Neklasova NIu, Sharinov GM, Vinokurov VL, Skrynditsa GM: [Local application of dimethyl sulfoxide at different concentrations to the prevention of radiation-induced damages in patient with cancer of the cervix uteri]. Vestn Rentgenol Radiol; 2006 May-Jun;(3):47-51
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  • OBJECTIVE: to study the efficacy of dimethyl sulfoxide ((DMSO) at different concentrations in preventing radiation-induced rectal and urinary bladder damages in patients with cervix uteri cancer (CUC).
  • An hour prior to a session of intracavitary irradiation, 10% DMSO solution was instilled into the rectum and urinary bladder in 113 patients and applications of metronidazole (MN) dissolved in 100% DSMO were made in 473 patients.
  • RESULTS: 10% DMSO instillations reduced the incidence of late radiation-induced damages to the rectum and urinary bladder.
  • CONCLUSION: Local application of DMSO is a method for preventing late radiation-induced damages to the rectum and urinary bladder in patients with CUC.
  • [MeSH-major] Dimethyl Sulfoxide / administration & dosage. Free Radical Scavengers / administration & dosage. Radiation Injuries / drug therapy. Rectal Diseases / prevention & control. Urinary Bladder Diseases / prevention & control. Uterine Cervical Neoplasms / radiotherapy
  • [MeSH-minor] Administration, Topical. Female. Follow-Up Studies. Humans. Rectum / radiation effects. Retrospective Studies. Treatment Outcome. Urinary Bladder / radiation effects


59. Saad A, Rex DK: Routine rectal retroflexion during colonoscopy has a low yield for neoplasia. World J Gastroenterol; 2008 Nov 14;14(42):6503-5
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  • [Title] Routine rectal retroflexion during colonoscopy has a low yield for neoplasia.
  • AIM: To investigate the value of retroflexion in detecting neoplasia in the distal rectum.
  • Consecutive patients undergoing colonoscopy had careful forward viewing of the distal rectum by retroflexion.
  • The outcome measurement was the yield of neoplasia in the distal rectum detected by forward viewing vs retroflexion.
  • Retroflexion was successful in 1411 (93.9%) patients, unsuccessful or not performed because the rectum appeared narrow in 91 (6.1%).
  • Forty patients had a polyp detected in the distal rectal mucosa.
  • CONCLUSION: To our knowledge, this is the largest reported evaluation of retroflexion in the rectum.
  • Routine rectal retroflexion did not detect clinically important neoplasia after a careful forward examination of the rectum to the dentate line.
  • [MeSH-major] Adenomatous Polyps / diagnosis. Colonoscopy / methods. Intestinal Polyps / diagnosis. Rectal Neoplasms / diagnosis
  • [MeSH-minor] Adolescent. Adult. Aged. Aged, 80 and over. Digital Rectal Examination. Female. Humans. Male. Middle Aged. Patient Selection. Predictive Value of Tests. Prospective Studies. Young Adult

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  • (PMID = 19030202.001).
  • [ISSN] 1007-9327
  • [Journal-full-title] World journal of gastroenterology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] World J. Gastroenterol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] China
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC2773336
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60. Senesse P, Leichtnam-Dugarin L, Bécouarn Y, Bey P, Brusco S, Carretier J, Delavigne V, Desseigne F, Dubois JB, Ducreux M, Evrard S, Fervers B, Gérard JP, Giovannini M, Hoarau H, Lasser P, Meeus P, Philip T, Rivoire M, Ponseda P, Rouanet P, Toureille E, Voigt JJ, French National Federation of Comprehensive Cancer Centres (FNCLCC), SOR SAVOIR PATIENT, National League against Cancer, National Cancer Institute, French Hospital Federation, National Oncology Federation of Regional and University Hospitals, French Oncology Federation of General Hospitals: [Rectal cancer Information dedicated to cancer patients and relatives]. Bull Cancer; 2006 Feb;93(2):179-91
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  • [Title] [Rectal cancer Information dedicated to cancer patients and relatives].
  • [Transliterated title] Comprendre le cancer du rectum Information à l'usage des personnes malades et de leurs proches.
  • The handbook SOR SAVOIR PATIENT Understanding rectal cancer is an adapted version of the clinical practice guidelines (CPG) Standards, Options and Recommendations for rectal cancer.
  • Information leaflets, extracted from the handbook SOR SAVOIR PATIENT Understanding rectal cancer and published in this edition of the Bulletin du cancer, allow patients to better understand colonoscopy and colostomy, which represent an important patient information need.
  • [MeSH-major] Rectal Neoplasms

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  • (PMID = 16517416.001).
  • [ISSN] 1769-6917
  • [Journal-full-title] Bulletin du cancer
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Bull Cancer
  • [Language] fre
  • [Publication-type] English Abstract; Journal Article; Patient Education Handout; Practice Guideline
  • [Publication-country] France
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61. Sana S, Khan AU: Clinical trials in the management of anal cancer. Clin Colon Rectal Surg; 2009 May;22(2):115-9
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  • Anal canal cancer can be cured by combined modality chemoradiation therapy, a treatment that preserves continence and reserves abdominoperineal resection of the rectum and anal canal in patients with recurrent or residual disease after primary chemoradiotherapy.
  • Future challenges include an increasing incidence of human papillomavirus infection, the AIDS epidemic, diagnosis of early disease, and optimization of chemotherapy and radiation regimens.

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  • (PMID = 20436836.001).
  • [ISSN] 1530-9681
  • [Journal-full-title] Clinics in colon and rectal surgery
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Clin Colon Rectal Surg
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC2780239
  • [Keywords] NOTNLM ; Anal canal cancer / chemotherapy / radiation therapy
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62. Ando M, Nagahama T, Fukuda A, Ami K, Hataji K, Ohara T, Ganno H, Kawasaki N, Tei S, Okada Y: [The colon cancer patient with multiple hepatic metastases and peritoneal disseminations was treated by hepatic arterial infusion chemotherapy and resection of the metastatic peritoneal dissemination with successive systemic chemotherapy--a case report of the long term survivor]. Gan To Kagaku Ryoho; 2009 Nov;36(12):2070-2
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  • Aggressive resections of the recurrent sites (anterior resection of the rectum, ileum, ascending colon and other recurrent sites) and successive systemic administration of FOLFOX4(9-course), FOLFIRI (20-course) and capecitabine (15-course) were achieved.
  • [MeSH-major] Cecal Neoplasms / pathology. Cecal Neoplasms / therapy. Liver Neoplasms / secondary. Liver Neoplasms / therapy. Sigmoid Neoplasms / pathology. Sigmoid Neoplasms / therapy

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  • (PMID = 20037326.001).
  • [ISSN] 0385-0684
  • [Journal-full-title] Gan to kagaku ryoho. Cancer & chemotherapy
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Gan To Kagaku Ryoho
  • [Language] jpn
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Japan
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63. Christoforidis D, Cho HM, Dixon MR, Mellgren AF, Madoff RD, Finne CO: Transanal endoscopic microsurgery versus conventional transanal excision for patients with early rectal cancer. Ann Surg; 2009 May;249(5):776-82
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  • [Title] Transanal endoscopic microsurgery versus conventional transanal excision for patients with early rectal cancer.
  • OBJECTIVE: To compare transanal endoscopic microsurgery (TEMS) with conventional transanal excision (TAE) in terms of the quality of resection, local recurrence, and survival rates in patients with stage I rectal cancer.
  • BACKGROUND: Although TEMS is often considered a superior surgical technique to TAE, it is poorly suited for excising tumors in the lower third of the rectum.
  • Such tumors may confer a worse prognosis.
  • METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed information on all patients with stage pT1 and pT2 rectal adenocarcinoma who underwent local excision from 1997 through mid-2006.
  • We excluded patients with node-positive, metastatic, recurrent, previously irradiated, or snare-excised tumors.
  • We found no significant differences in patient characteristics, adjuvant therapy, tumor stage, or adverse histopathologic features.
  • In the TAE group, 52 (40%) of tumors were <5 cm from the anal verge (AV); in the TEMS group, only 1 (2%) (P = 0.0001).
  • For patients with tumors > or =5 cm from the AV, the estimated 5-year disease-free survival (DFS) rate was similar between the TEMS group (84.1%) and the TAE group (76.1%) (P = 0.651).
  • But within the TAE group, the estimated 5-year DFS rate was better for patients with tumors > or =5 cm from the AV (76.1%) vs. <5 cm from the AV (60.5%) (P = 0.029).
  • In our multivariate analysis, the tumor distance from the anal verge, the resection margin status, the T stage, and the use of adjuvant therapy--but not the surgical technique (i.e., TEMS or TAE) itself--were independent predictors of local recurrence and DFS.
  • However, the apparently better oncologic outcomes with TEMS can be partly explained by case selection of lower-risk tumors of the upper rectum.
  • [MeSH-major] Adenocarcinoma / surgery. Endoscopy, Digestive System. Neoplasm Recurrence, Local. Rectal Neoplasms / surgery


64. Staring M, van der Heide UA, Klein S, Viergever MA, Pluim JP: Registration of cervical MRI using multifeature mutual information. IEEE Trans Med Imaging; 2009 Sep;28(9):1412-21
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  • On the remaining data (36 image pairs, one or two pairs per patient) the median overlap is shown to improve significantly compared to standard MI from 0.85 to 0.86 for the clinical target volume (CTV, p = 2 x 10(-2)), from 0.75 to 0.81 for the bladder (p = 8 x 10(-6)), and from 0.76 to 0.77 for the rectum (p = 2 x 10(-4)).
  • The registration error is improved at important tissue interfaces, such as that of the bladder with the CTV, and the interface of the rectum with the uterus and cervix.
  • [MeSH-major] Image Processing, Computer-Assisted / methods. Magnetic Resonance Imaging / methods. Principal Component Analysis. Uterine Cervical Neoplasms / pathology
  • [MeSH-minor] Algorithms. Cervix Uteri / anatomy & histology. Female. Humans. Rectum / anatomy & histology. Urinary Bladder / anatomy & histology. Uterus / anatomy & histology


65. Perrone JM, Ames CD, Yan Y, Landman J: Evaluation of surgical performance with standard rigid and flexible-tip laparoscopes. Surg Endosc; 2005 Oct;19(10):1325-8
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  • METHODS: Twenty-nine subjects with varied levels of surgical experience performed complex laparoscopic tasks in three different models simulating (a) prostate dissection from the rectum, (b) cystic duct clipping, and (c) distal posterior rectum dissection.

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  • [Cites] Urol Clin North Am. 2001 Feb;28(1):5-14 [11277068.001]
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  • (PMID = 16228857.001).
  • [ISSN] 1432-2218
  • [Journal-full-title] Surgical endoscopy
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Surg Endosc
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Randomized Controlled Trial
  • [Publication-country] Germany
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66. Michailova KN, Wassilev WA, Kühnel W: Features of the peritoneal covering of the lesser pelvis with special reference to stomata regions. Ann Anat; 2005 Mar;187(1):23-33
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  • The peritoneal covering of the urinary bladder, rectum, uterus, uterine tube, ovary, broad ligament (BL) and testis in Wistar rats was examined by means of transmission and scanning electron microscopy (TEM, SEM).
  • Such cells formed an almost smooth surface over the urinary bladder or formed larger areas of the rectum and the testis surfaces.
  • [MeSH-minor] Animals. Female. Ligaments / ultrastructure. Male. Microscopy, Electron, Scanning. Ovary / ultrastructure. Pelvis. Rats. Rats, Wistar. Rectum / ultrastructure. Testis / ultrastructure. Urinary Bladder / ultrastructure. Uterus / ultrastructure

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  • (PMID = 15835397.001).
  • [ISSN] 0940-9602
  • [Journal-full-title] Annals of anatomy = Anatomischer Anzeiger : official organ of the Anatomische Gesellschaft
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Ann. Anat.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Germany
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67. Moran AM, Fogt F: 70-year-old female presenting with rectosigmoid (colonic) xanthoma and multiple benign polyps - case report. Pol J Pathol; 2010;61(1):42-5
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  • [Title] 70-year-old female presenting with rectosigmoid (colonic) xanthoma and multiple benign polyps - case report.
  • Xanthomas are benign lesions frequently described in the upper gastrointestinal tract, most commonly in the stomach.
  • Rare cases have also been described in the esophagus, duodenum, small intestine, colon and rectum.

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  • (PMID = 20496273.001).
  • [ISSN] 1233-9687
  • [Journal-full-title] Polish journal of pathology : official journal of the Polish Society of Pathologists
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Pol J Pathol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Poland
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68. Lammers WJ, Abazer FA, Ver Donck L, Smets D, Schuurkes JA, Coulie B: Electrical activity in the rectum of anaesthetized dogs. Neurogastroenterol Motil; 2006 Jul;18(7):569-77
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  • [Title] Electrical activity in the rectum of anaesthetized dogs.
  • There is limited data available on the electrical activity of the rectum.
  • An in vivo canine model was developed to record 240 extracellular electrograms simultaneously from the serosal surface of the rectum thereby enabling an off-line reconstruction of the behaviour of the electrical signals.
  • Serosal rectal electrical activity is characterized by brief bursts of action potentials (=spikes) with a frequency of 22 cycles min(-1).
  • As in other parts of the gastrointestinal system, individual spike propagation in the rectum is limited to small areas or patches.
  • [MeSH-major] Rectum / physiology

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  • (PMID = 16771772.001).
  • [ISSN] 1350-1925
  • [Journal-full-title] Neurogastroenterology and motility : the official journal of the European Gastrointestinal Motility Society
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Neurogastroenterol. Motil.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] England
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69. Edden Y, Shih SS, Wexner SD: Solitary rectal ulcer syndrome and stercoral ulcers. Gastroenterol Clin North Am; 2009 Sep;38(3):541-5
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  • [Title] Solitary rectal ulcer syndrome and stercoral ulcers.
  • Colonic ulcerations can affect the entire colon and rectum, and have variable clinical presentation according to the anatomic location and underlying pathology.
  • This article focuses on two of the less commonly diagnosed diseases: solitary rectal ulcer syndrome and stercoral ulceration, both related to local tissue ischemia and often seen in the elderly population.
  • [MeSH-major] Intestinal Perforation / therapy. Rectal Diseases / therapy. Ulcer / therapy
  • [MeSH-minor] Aged. Constipation / complications. Humans. Intussusception / complications. Muscle Contraction / physiology. Pelvic Floor / physiopathology. Rectal Prolapse / complications. Rectal Prolapse / etiology. Syndrome

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  • (PMID = 19699413.001).
  • [ISSN] 1558-1942
  • [Journal-full-title] Gastroenterology clinics of North America
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Gastroenterol. Clin. North Am.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Number-of-references] 24
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70. Takeuchi M, Matsuzaki K, Furumoto H, Nishitani H: Case report: A case of polypoid endometriosis: MR pathological correlation. Br J Radiol; 2008 Apr;81(964):e118-9
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  • The polypoid endometriosis appeared as multiple polypoid masses protruding into the adjacent pelvic organs, including the uterus and rectum.
  • [MeSH-major] Endometriosis / diagnosis. Magnetic Resonance Imaging. Ovarian Diseases / diagnosis. Rectal Diseases / diagnosis. Uterine Diseases / diagnosis
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Diagnosis, Differential. Female. Humans. Pelvis / pathology. Polyps / diagnosis


71. Medina TM, Hill DA, DeJesus S, Hoover F: IUD removal with colonoscopy: a case report. J Reprod Med; 2005 Jul;50(7):547-9
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  • Laparoscopy revealed that the IUD was embedded deeply in the rectum.

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  • (PMID = 16130855.001).
  • [ISSN] 0024-7758
  • [Journal-full-title] The Journal of reproductive medicine
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Reprod Med
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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72. Halefoglu AM, Yasar A: Huge retrovesical hydatid cyst with pelvic localization as the primary site: a case report. Acta Radiol; 2007 Oct;48(8):918-20
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  • All imaging modalities revealed a cystic mass containing small daughter cysts located between the urinary bladder and rectum.
  • Hydatid cyst should always be considered in the differential diagnosis of abdominopelvic masses in endemic regions of the world.
  • [MeSH-major] Echinococcosis / diagnosis. Pelvic Infection / diagnosis

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  • (PMID = 17924223.001).
  • [ISSN] 1600-0455
  • [Journal-full-title] Acta radiologica (Stockholm, Sweden : 1987)
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Acta Radiol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Sweden
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73. Hvozdík A, Bugarský A, Kottferová J, Vargová M, Ondrasovicová O, Ondrasovic M, Sasáková N: Ethological, psychological and legal aspects of animal sexual abuse. Vet J; 2006 Sep;172(2):374-6
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  • Post-mortem examination showed rupture of both the rectum and vagina in each calf with massive haemorrhage into the abdominal and thoracic cavities.

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  • [CommentIn] Vet J. 2006 Sep;172(2):195-7 [16246601.001]
  • (PMID = 16019241.001).
  • [ISSN] 1090-0233
  • [Journal-full-title] Veterinary journal (London, England : 1997)
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Vet. J.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] England
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74. Asada Y, Isomoto H, Shikuwa S, Wen CY, Fukuda E, Miyazato M, Okamoto K, Nakamura T, Nishiyama H, Mizuta Y, Migita K, Ito M, Kohno S: Development of ulcerative colitis during the course of rheumatoid arthritis: Association with selective IgA deficiency. World J Gastroenterol; 2006 Aug 28;12(32):5240-3
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  • Colonoscopy revealed friable and edematous mucosa with spontaneous bleeding, diffuse erosions and ulcers extending from the rectum to the distal transverse colon.
  • Histopathological findings of rectal biopsies were compatible with ulcerative colitis (UC).
  • [MeSH-major] Arthritis, Rheumatoid / diagnosis. Colitis, Ulcerative / diagnosis. IgA Deficiency / diagnosis


75. Hirata Y, Mizoshita T, Mizushima T, Shimura T, Mori Y, Kubota E, Wada T, Ogasawara N, Tanida S, Kataoka H, Sasaki M, Kamiya T, Tsukamoto T, Tatematsu M, Joh T: Gastric-and-intestinal mixed endocrine cell phenotypic expression of carcinoid tumors in the rectum. Oncol Rep; 2009 Jan;21(1):107-12
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  • [Title] Gastric-and-intestinal mixed endocrine cell phenotypic expression of carcinoid tumors in the rectum.
  • We have previously demonstrated that gastric and intestinal endocrine cell (End-cell) marker expression is important for assessment of the histogenesis of endocrine cell tumors.
  • However, the End-cell phenotypes of carcinoid tumors in the rectum remain largely unclear.
  • We therefore examined marker expression of rectal carcinoid tumors.
  • We evaluated 20 rectal carcinoid tumors (as well as 8 from the stomach for comparison) phenotypically, using gastrin, gastric inhibitory polypeptide (GIP) and glucagons-like peptide-1 (GLP-1) as End-cell markers.
  • Rectal carcinoid tumors were divided into 3 endocrine-gastric (e-G), 16 endocrine-gastric-and-intestinal mixed (e-GI), 1 endocrine-intestinal (e-I), and 0 endocrine-null (e-N) types, thus 19 (e-G+ e-GI types, 95%) had gastric phenotypic expression, while 17 (e-GI+ e-I types, 85%) harbored intestinal elements.
  • Stomach carcinoid tumors were classified as 6 e-G and 2 e-N types, respectively.
  • In conclusion, most rectal carcinoid tumors exhibited the e-GI type, suggesting the importance of gastric End-cell marker expression for histogenesis of the rectal carcinoid tumors.
  • Further studies of pathological and biological analyses are needed to clarify the histogenesis of the carcinoid tumors.
  • [MeSH-major] Biomarkers, Tumor / analysis. Carcinoid Tumor / metabolism. Rectal Neoplasms / metabolism

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  • (PMID = 19082450.001).
  • [ISSN] 1021-335X
  • [Journal-full-title] Oncology reports
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Oncol. Rep.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] Greece
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Biomarkers, Tumor; 0 / Gastrins; 59392-49-3 / Gastric Inhibitory Polypeptide; 89750-14-1 / Glucagon-Like Peptide 1
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76. Ding A, Gu J, Trofimov AV, Xu XG: Monte Carlo calculation of imaging doses from diagnostic multidetector CT and kilovoltage cone-beam CT as part of prostate cancer treatment plans. Med Phys; 2010 Dec;37(12):6199-204
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  • PURPOSE: To calculate imaging doses to the rectum, bladder, and femoral heads as part of a prostate cancer treatment plans, assuming an image guided radiation therapy (IGRT) procedure involving either the multidetector CT (MDCT) or kilovoltage cone-beam CT (kV CBCT).
  • RESULTS: For a total of 45 imaging procedures, it was found that the rectum received 78.4 and 76.7 cGy from MDCT and kV CBCT, respectively.
  • It was found that after the imaging dose is added, the rectum volumes irradiated to 75 and 70 Gy increased from 13.9% and 21.2%, respectively, in the original plan to 14.8% and 21.8%.
  • All values remained within the tolerance levels: V70<25%, V75 <15% for rectum and V75 < 25%, V80 < 15% for bladder.
  • [MeSH-major] Cone-Beam Computed Tomography / instrumentation. Monte Carlo Method. Prostatic Neoplasms / diagnostic imaging. Prostatic Neoplasms / radiotherapy. Radiation Dosage. Radiotherapy Planning, Computer-Assisted / methods

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  • [Cites] Rofo. 1985 Jun;142(6):685-9 [2988070.001]
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  • (PMID = 21302776.001).
  • [ISSN] 0094-2405
  • [Journal-full-title] Medical physics
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Med Phys
  • [Language] eng
  • [Grant] United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / R01 CA116743; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / R01CA116743
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC3188656
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77. Ku SK, Lee HS, Lee JH: The regional distribution and relative frequency of gastrointestinal endocrine cells in the nude mice, Balb/c-nu/nu: an immunohistochemical study. Anat Histol Embryol; 2006 Apr;35(2):104-10
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  • The distributions and frequencies of some endocrine cells in the eight portions of the gastrointestinal (GI) tract - fundus, pylorus, duodenum, jejunum, ileum, cecum, colon and rectum of the nude mouse, Balb/c-nu/nu were studied with immunohistochemical method using six types of anti-sera against serotonin, gastrin, cholecystokinin (CCK)-8, somatostatin, glucagon and human pancreatic polypeptide (hPP).
  • Somatostatin-IR cells were demonstrated throughout the whole GI tract except for the colon and rectum, and they showed the highest frequency in the fundus.
  • In addition, glucagon- and hPP-IR cells were restricted to the fundus and rectum, respectively with a few frequencies.

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  • (PMID = 16542175.001).
  • [ISSN] 0340-2096
  • [Journal-full-title] Anatomia, histologia, embryologia
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Anat Histol Embryol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Germany
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Gastrins; 0 / PPY protein, human; 0 / Protein Precursors; 333DO1RDJY / Serotonin; 59763-91-6 / Pancreatic Polypeptide; 9007-92-5 / Glucagon; 9011-97-6 / Cholecystokinin
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78. Yaramov N, Sokolov M, Angelov K, Petrov B, Pavlov V: [Malignant melanoma of the anus and rectum]. Khirurgiia (Sofiia); 2010;(2-3):5-7
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  • [Title] [Malignant melanoma of the anus and rectum].
  • We write up 13 operated from us for 15 years cases of melanoma of the anus and rectum.
  • The tumor colour is between light-brown to red-purple in 50% of the cases.
  • The colouring matter is absent in the other half of the cases and these tumors consider like nonpigmentous melanoes.
  • [MeSH-major] Anal Canal / surgery. Anus Neoplasms / surgery. Melanoma / surgery. Rectal Neoplasms / surgery. Rectum / surgery

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  • (PMID = 21972686.001).
  • [ISSN] 0450-2167
  • [Journal-full-title] Khirurgii︠a︡
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Khirurgiia (Sofiia)
  • [Language] bul
  • [Publication-type] English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Bulgaria
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79. Rindi G, Klöppel G, Couvelard A, Komminoth P, Körner M, Lopes JM, McNicol AM, Nilsson O, Perren A, Scarpa A, Scoazec JY, Wiedenmann B: TNM staging of midgut and hindgut (neuro) endocrine tumors: a consensus proposal including a grading system. Virchows Arch; 2007 Oct;451(4):757-62
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  • [Title] TNM staging of midgut and hindgut (neuro) endocrine tumors: a consensus proposal including a grading system.
  • Criteria for the staging and grading of neuroendocrine tumors (NETs) of midgut and hindgut origin were established at the second Consensus Conference in Frascati (Rome) organized by the European Neuroendocrine Tumor Society (ENETS).
  • The proposed tumor-node-metastasis (TNM) classifications are based on the recently published ENETS Guidelines for the Diagnosis and Treatment of gastroenteropancreatic NETs and follow our previous proposal for foregut tumors.
  • The new TNM classifications for NETs of the ileum, appendix, colon, and rectum, and the grading system were designed, discussed, and consensually approved by all conference participants.
  • [MeSH-major] Appendiceal Neoplasms / pathology. Carcinoma, Neuroendocrine / pathology. Colonic Neoplasms / pathology. Ileal Neoplasms / pathology. Neoplasm Staging / methods. Rectal Neoplasms / pathology

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  • (PMID = 17674042.001).
  • [ISSN] 0945-6317
  • [Journal-full-title] Virchows Archiv : an international journal of pathology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Virchows Arch.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Consensus Development Conference; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] Germany
  • [Number-of-references] 37
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80. Cho SI, Park YH, Cho JH, Ryoo BY, Yang SH, Youn SM, Ko JS: Extraskeletal Ewing's sarcoma of the head and neck presenting as blindness. Korean J Intern Med; 2007 Jun;22(2):133-7
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  • MRI examination showed marked enhancement of tumor thrombosis involving the superior sagittal sinus, straight sinus, transverse sinus, sigmoid sinus, and internal jugular vein.
  • The final diagnosis was extraskeletal Ewing's sarcoma after biopsy of the internal jugular vein thrombosis by histopathological evaluation and immunohistochemical assay.
  • In addition, the patient was diagnosed as having adenocarcinoma of the rectum by biopsy of the rectal mass.
  • [MeSH-major] Blindness. Head and Neck Neoplasms / pathology. Sarcoma, Ewing / pathology

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  • (PMID = 17616033.001).
  • [ISSN] 1226-3303
  • [Journal-full-title] The Korean journal of internal medicine
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Korean J. Intern. Med.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Korea (South)
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Antineoplastic Agents; 5J49Q6B70F / Vincristine; 80168379AG / Doxorubicin; 8N3DW7272P / Cyclophosphamide
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC2687615
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81. Smud D, Augustin G, Kekez T, Kinda E, Majerovic M, Jelincic Z: Gardner's syndrome: genetic testing and colonoscopy are indicated in adolescents and young adults with cranial osteomas: a case report. World J Gastroenterol; 2007 Jul 28;13(28):3900-3
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  • Restorative procto-colectomy and ileal pouch anal anastomosis was made but histology delineated adenocarcinoma of the rectum (Dukes C stage).
  • If the diagnosis is positive all family members should be evaluated for familial adenomatous polyposis.
  • [MeSH-major] Gardner Syndrome / diagnosis. Osteoma / congenital. Skull Neoplasms / congenital

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  • (PMID = 17657852.001).
  • [ISSN] 1007-9327
  • [Journal-full-title] World journal of gastroenterology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] World J. Gastroenterol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] China
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC4611230
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82. Ballare A, Di Salvo M, Loi G, Ferrari G, Beldi D, Krengli M: Conformal radiotherapy of clinically localized prostate cancer: analysis of rectal and urinary toxicity and correlation with dose-volume parameters. Tumori; 2009 Mar-Apr;95(2):160-8
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  • [Title] Conformal radiotherapy of clinically localized prostate cancer: analysis of rectal and urinary toxicity and correlation with dose-volume parameters.
  • AIMS AND BACKGROUND: Rectal and urinary toxicities are the principal limiting factors in delivering a high target dose to patients affected by prostate cancer.
  • The present observational study reports on the acute and late rectal and urinary toxicity in relation with dose-volume parameters in 104 patients with localized prostate cancer treated with 3-dimensional conformal radiation therapy.
  • Rigid dose constraints were applied for rectum and bladder.
  • Acute and late rectal and urinary toxicities were analyzed also in relation to dose-volume histograms.
  • Acute and late grade 2 toxicity rates were 5.8% and 9.0% for rectum and 12.5% and 2.0% for bladder, respectively.
  • Rectal V70 influenced the occurrence of late grade 2 toxicity.
  • Rectal V70 proved to be a reliable prognosticator of late toxicity.
  • [MeSH-major] Prostatic Neoplasms / radiotherapy. Radiotherapy, Conformal / adverse effects. Rectum / radiation effects. Urinary Bladder / radiation effects. Urination / radiation effects


83. Belizon A, Balik E, Horst P, Feingold D, Arnell T, Azarani T, Cekic V, Skitt R, Kumara S, Whelan RL: Persistent elevation of plasma vascular endothelial growth factor levels during the first month after minimally invasive colorectal resection. Surg Endosc; 2008 Feb;22(2):287-97
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  • Because VEGF is a potent promoter of angiogenesis, which is critical to tumor growth, a sustained increase in blood VEGF levels after surgery may stimulate the growth of residual metastases early after surgery.
  • RESULTS: A total of 49 patients with cancer and 30 patients with benign indications, all of whom underwent minimally invasive colorectal resection, were assessed separately.
  • With regard to the benign patients, the median preoperative VEGF level was 112 pg/ml, and the peak postoperative value, 286 pg/ml, was noted during postoperative week 2.
  • Significant elevations in a similar pattern also were noted for the benign patients.
  • It is possible that the growth of residual tumor deposits may be stimulated early after surgery.
  • [MeSH-major] Colonic Diseases / blood. Colonic Diseases / surgery. Colorectal Neoplasms / blood. Colorectal Neoplasms / surgery. Laparoscopy. Rectal Diseases / surgery. Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor A / blood

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  • (PMID = 18204877.001).
  • [ISSN] 1432-2218
  • [Journal-full-title] Surgical endoscopy
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Surg Endosc
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Germany
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor A
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84. Amouri A, Chtourou L, Mnif L, Mdhaffar M, Abid M, Ayedi L, Daoud J, Elloumi M, Boudawara T, Tahri N: [MALT lymphoma of the rectum: a case report treated by radiotherapy]. Cancer Radiother; 2009 Jan;13(1):61-4
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  • [Title] [MALT lymphoma of the rectum: a case report treated by radiotherapy].
  • [Transliterated title] Lymphome de MALT du rectum : à propos d'un cas traité par irradiation.
  • To our knowledge, only ten cases of primary rectal MALT lymphoma have been reported in the literature.
  • We report a 46-year-old woman with rectal MALT lymphoma, which regressed after radiotherapy.
  • The patient had rectal bleeding.
  • Colonoscopy showed a pseudonodular and ulcerated big fold in the rectum.
  • Repeated colonoscopy 4 months after the end of treatment showed that the rectal tumor had not regressed.
  • [MeSH-major] Lymphoma, B-Cell, Marginal Zone / radiotherapy. Rectal Neoplasms / radiotherapy
  • [MeSH-minor] Biopsy. Chronic Disease. Colonoscopy. Female. Gastritis / complications. Gastritis / diagnosis. Gastritis / drug therapy. Gastrointestinal Hemorrhage / etiology. Helicobacter Infections / complications. Helicobacter Infections / diagnosis. Helicobacter Infections / drug therapy. Helicobacter pylori. Humans. Immunohistochemistry. Middle Aged. Neoplasm Staging. Patient Selection. Radiotherapy Dosage. Rare Diseases. Rectal Diseases / etiology. Treatment Outcome

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  • (PMID = 19101191.001).
  • [ISSN] 1278-3218
  • [Journal-full-title] Cancer radiothérapie : journal de la Société française de radiothérapie oncologique
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Cancer Radiother
  • [Language] fre
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; English Abstract; Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] France
  • [Number-of-references] 27
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85. Lee CH, Jan YJ, Chen JT, Ho WL, Tseng CH, Wang J: Colorectal mesenchymal tumor: a clinicopathologic study of 25 cases. J Chin Med Assoc; 2005 Jul;68(7):291-8
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  • [Title] Colorectal mesenchymal tumor: a clinicopathologic study of 25 cases.
  • BACKGROUND: It is important to distinguish gastrointestinal stromal tumors (GISTs) from other gastrointestinal mesenchymal tumors (GIMTs), because of the malignant potential of GISTs and the availability of molecular targeted therapy.
  • GISTs represent the most common subgroup of GIMTs, and rarely occur in the colon and rectum.
  • The first objective of our retrospective study was to reclassify colorectal mesenchymal tumors, from files collected over 20 years, to determine if, based on immunohistologic features, the lesions were truly GISTs.
  • The second objective was to identify the relationship between clinicopathologic features and prognostic factors of GISTs in the colon and rectum.
  • METHODS: We evaluated all cases of colorectal mesenchymal tumor identified from the database of the Department of Surgical Pathology at Taichung Veterans General Hospital for the period 1983-2001.
  • For 25 patients, clinical data, and information about tumor characteristics, surgical procedures, and survival outcomes, were obtained and analyzed.
  • RESULTS: The following variables were significantly associated with different CD117 results: symptomatic presentation, location, gross features, tumor size, mitotic count, cellularity, and type of surgery.
  • Only 18 tumors were identified as GISTs.
  • For these, the following variables were significantly associated (by univariate analysis) with increased lethality: tumor size (p = 0.049); mitotic count (p = 0.019); nuclear atypia (p = 0.019); and tumor necrosis (p = 0.045).
  • CONCLUSION: Two clinicopathologically different categories were identified from our colorectal mesenchymal tumors: intramural GISTs and polypoid submucosal leiomyomas.
  • Our study suggests that GIST is a better categorization than smooth muscle tumor because of the malignant potential.
  • However, tumor size, nuclear atypia and tumor necrosis are probably also significant predictive factors of lethality.
  • [MeSH-major] Colorectal Neoplasms / pathology

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  • (PMID = 16038368.001).
  • [ISSN] 1726-4901
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of the Chinese Medical Association : JCMA
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Chin Med Assoc
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] China (Republic : 1949- )
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Antigens, CD34; EC 2.7.10.1 / Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-kit
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86. Lengerich EJ, Tucker TC, Powell RK, Colsher P, Lehman E, Ward AJ, Siedlecki JC, Wyatt SW: Cancer incidence in Kentucky, Pennsylvania, and West Virginia: disparities in Appalachia. J Rural Health; 2005;21(1):39-47
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  • However, incidence of cancer of the lung/ bronchus, colon, rectum, and cervix in Appalachia was significantly elevated (RR = 1.22 [95% CI, 1.20-1.23], 1.13 [95% CI, 1.11-1.14], 1.19 [95% CI, 1.16-1.22], and 1.12 [95% CI, 1.07-1.17], respectively).
  • However, incidence of cancer of the lung/bronchus, colon, rectum, and cervix was elevated in Appalachia.
  • [MeSH-major] Neoplasms / epidemiology. Rural Health / statistics & numerical data. Urban Health / statistics & numerical data

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  • (PMID = 15667008.001).
  • [ISSN] 0890-765X
  • [Journal-full-title] The Journal of rural health : official journal of the American Rural Health Association and the National Rural Health Care Association
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Rural Health
  • [Language] eng
  • [Grant] United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / CA86096-02
  • [Publication-type] Comparative Study; Journal Article; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.
  • [Publication-country] United States
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87. Yamane T, Uchiyama K, Ishii T, Ishii H, Omura M, Fujise K, Tajiri H: Refractory diverticular colitis with progressive ulcerative colitis-like changes extending to the rectum. Dig Endosc; 2009 Jul;21(3):188-91
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  • [Title] Refractory diverticular colitis with progressive ulcerative colitis-like changes extending to the rectum.
  • The mucosa became somewhat rough 9 months later, and had an erosive, ulcerative colitis (UC)-like appearance after a further 6 months, with these changes extending to the rectum.
  • These findings led to a diagnosis of diverticular colitis (DC) with UC-like changes.
  • No cases of DC have been reported in Japan, and a refractory case of DC with progressive UC-like changes extending to the rectum is rare even in Europe and the USA.
  • [MeSH-major] Colitis / surgery. Diverticulosis, Colonic / complications. Rectal Diseases / diagnosis
  • [MeSH-minor] Aged. Colitis, Ulcerative / diagnosis. Colitis, Ulcerative / surgery. Colonoscopy. Disease Progression. Humans. Male

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  • [CommentIn] Dig Endosc. 2010 Apr;22(2):160 [20447216.001]
  • (PMID = 19691768.001).
  • [ISSN] 1443-1661
  • [Journal-full-title] Digestive endoscopy : official journal of the Japan Gastroenterological Endoscopy Society
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Dig Endosc
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Australia
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88. Gao QH, Wei HJ, Han CM, Du HZ, Zhang ZG, Zhao WG, Zhang Y, Li S: Successful low dose insemination of flow cytometrically sorted Sika (Cervus nippon) sperm in Wapiti (Cervus elaphus). Anim Reprod Sci; 2010 Mar;118(1):89-93
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  • Wapiti hinds (n=81) were inseminated into the uterus by rectum manipulation with 1 x 10(6) (X1 and Y1 group, respectively) or 2 x 10(6) (X2 and Y2 group, respectively) of sorted frozen-thawed and 1 x 10(7) non-sorted frozen-thawed (a commercial dose control) Sika motile sperm 60-66h after removal of intra-vaginal progesterone-impregnated CIDR devices and administration of 700IU of PMSG at the time of CIDR removal.

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  • (PMID = 19619965.001).
  • [ISSN] 1873-2232
  • [Journal-full-title] Animal reproduction science
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Anim. Reprod. Sci.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Randomized Controlled Trial; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] Netherlands
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89. Fanjul M, Molina E, Cerdá J, Parente A, Laín A, Cañizo A, Carrera N: [Characteristics of the anorectal atresia without fistula. Based on 12 cases]. Cir Pediatr; 2009 Jan;22(1):45-8
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  • This anomaly is described as a lack of annus, with a blind rectal pouch, located about 2 cm above perineal skin, and sharing a common wall with the urethra or vagina.
  • The aim of this work is to present our experience in this condition and to determine the differences between the diagnosis, treatment and long-term outcome of these patients in relation to other forms of anorectal malformation.
  • The distance from the rectal pouch to the skin ranged from 1 to 5 cm, founding a very dilatated rectum in 4 patients.
  • A colostrogram prior to definitive repair seems to be mandatory taking into account the intraopetative findings (height and diameter of rectal pouch).

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  • (PMID = 19323083.001).
  • [ISSN] 0214-1221
  • [Journal-full-title] Cirugía pediátrica : organo oficial de la Sociedad Española de Cirugía Pediátrica
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Cir Pediatr
  • [Language] spa
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Spain
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90. Horisberger K, Hofheinz RD, Palma P, Volkert AK, Rothenhoefer S, Wenz F, Hochhaus A, Post S, Willeke F: Tumor response to neoadjuvant chemoradiation in rectal cancer: predictor for surgical morbidity? Int J Colorectal Dis; 2008 Mar;23(3):257-64
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  • [Title] Tumor response to neoadjuvant chemoradiation in rectal cancer: predictor for surgical morbidity?
  • BACKGROUND: Increasing the rate of pathological complete remissions after neoadjuvant chemoradiation of rectal cancer has become a strategy to further improve the long-term oncological outcome of patients.
  • MATERIALS AND METHODS: Patients with primary rectal cancer at stages cT3/4cNx or N+ without metastasis were preoperatively treated either with capecitabine and irinotecan or with capecitabine, irinotecan and ceutximab with a concurrent radiation (50.4 Gy).
  • The median distance of the tumour from the dentate line was 5 cm.
  • Histopathological regression was described in four grades (0-3) as defined by the Japanese Society for Cancer of the Colon and Rectum.
  • Tumors were called major responsive when assigned to the regression grades 3 or 2, and minor or nonresponsive at regression grades 1 or 0.
  • Seven out of 45 patients (15.5%) with sphincter-preserving surgery suffered from suture breakdown; they all had previously shown a major response of the resected tumor.
  • Our results underline the oncological benefit of intensified neoadjuvant chemoradiation, but the severity of complications in low rectal anastomosis of patients with good response after neoadjuvant therapy should alert surgeons and oncologists.
  • [MeSH-major] Adenocarcinoma / therapy. Antineoplastic Agents / therapeutic use. Colectomy / methods. Postoperative Complications / epidemiology. Rectal Neoplasms / therapy
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Aged. Aged, 80 and over. Female. Follow-Up Studies. Germany / epidemiology. Humans. Male. Middle Aged. Morbidity / trends. Neoadjuvant Therapy / methods. Neoplasm Staging / methods. Radiotherapy, Adjuvant / methods. Time Factors. Treatment Outcome

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  • (PMID = 18071720.001).
  • [ISSN] 0179-1958
  • [Journal-full-title] International journal of colorectal disease
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Int J Colorectal Dis
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Clinical Trial, Phase I; Comparative Study; Journal Article; Randomized Controlled Trial
  • [Publication-country] Germany
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Antineoplastic Agents
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91. Harada K, Sakai I, Muramaki M, Kurahashi T, Yamanaka K, Hara I, Inoue TA, Miyake H: Reconstruction of urinary tract combined with surgical management of locally advanced non-urological cancer involving the genitourinary organs. Urol Int; 2006;76(1):82-6
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  • MATERIALS AND METHODS: This study included a total of 37 patients undergoing some type of urinary reconstruction due to invasion of the urological organs by locally advanced pelvic cancers, including 17 rectal cancers, 9 cervical cancers, 4 sigmoid cancers, 4 retroperitoneal sarcomas, 2 ovarian cancers and 1 appendiceal cancer.
  • Among these 37, 18 were recurrent cancers following initial surgery for primary tumors.
  • RESULTS: Of the 37 patients, 9 underwent cystectomy (group A) with the following urinary diversions: ileal neobladder in 3, ileal conduit in 5 and colon conduit in 1, and 12 underwent partial cystectomy (group B), among whom 11 received additional urinary reconstruction as follows: bladder flap repair in 5, psoas hitch in 2, ileal ureter in 2, bladder augmentation in 1 and ureteroureterostomy in 1, while the remaining 16 (group C), in whom complete bladder preservation was possible, underwent the following types of urinary reconstruction: bladder flap repair in 6, psoas hitch in 3, en bloc removal of the rectum with prostate in 3, ileal ureter in 2, and ureteroureterostomy in 2.
  • [MeSH-major] Pelvic Neoplasms / surgery. Urologic Surgical Procedures / methods

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  • [Copyright] Copyright (c) 2006 S. Karger AG, Basel.
  • (PMID = 16401927.001).
  • [ISSN] 0042-1138
  • [Journal-full-title] Urologia internationalis
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Urol. Int.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Switzerland
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92. Lee CT, Dong L, Ahamad AW, Choi H, Cheung R, Lee AK, Horne DF Jr, Breaux AJ, Kuban DA: Comparison of treatment volumes and techniques in prostate cancer radiation therapy. Am J Clin Oncol; 2005 Dec;28(6):618-25
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  • OBJECTIVE: To compare dose-volume histograms (DVHs) for 3 target volumes (group 1, prostate + seminal vesicles + pelvic lymph nodes; group 2, prostate + seminal vesicles; group 3, prostate only) to determine the difference in dose to normal structures (rectum, bladder, and femoral heads) while controlling for target dose using 3-dimensional conformal radiation therapy (3DCRT) versus intensity modulated radiation therapy (IMRT).
  • RESULTS: In all 3 groups, the percent rectum receiving > or =70 Gy, > or =60 Gy, and > or =40 Gy was significantly less for IMRT than for 3DCRT.
  • Increasing target volumes, as necessary for pelvic nodal irradiation, overall did not result in higher rectal doses for IMRT.
  • With 3DCRT, however, larger target volumes did increase the amount of rectum irradiated.
  • [MeSH-major] Prostatic Neoplasms / radiotherapy. Radiotherapy, Conformal / methods. Radiotherapy, Intensity-Modulated / methods
  • [MeSH-minor] Dose Fractionation. Dose-Response Relationship, Radiation. Femur Head / radiation effects. Humans. Intestine, Small / radiation effects. Lymph Nodes / pathology. Lymph Nodes / radiation effects. Lymphatic Irradiation. Male. Organ Specificity. Prostate / pathology. Prostate / radiation effects. Radiation Injuries / prevention & control. Radiotherapy Dosage. Rectum / radiation effects. Seminal Vesicles / pathology. Seminal Vesicles / radiation effects. Tumor Burden. Urinary Bladder / radiation effects

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  • (PMID = 16317275.001).
  • [ISSN] 1537-453X
  • [Journal-full-title] American journal of clinical oncology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Am. J. Clin. Oncol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Comparative Study; Journal Article; Randomized Controlled Trial
  • [Publication-country] United States
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93. Kaneyasu Y, Nagai N, Nagata Y, Hashimoto Y, Yuki S, Murakami Y, Kenjo M, Kakizawa H, Toyota N, Fujiwara H, Kudo Y, Ito K: Intra-arterial infusion chemotherapy using cisplatin with radiotherapy for Stage III squamous cell carcinoma of the cervix. Int J Radiat Oncol Biol Phys; 2009 Oct 1;75(2):369-77
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  • Severe late complication rates (Grade > or =3) for the bladder, rectum, and intestine were 3%, 3%, and 10%, respectively.
  • [MeSH-major] Antineoplastic Agents / administration & dosage. Carcinoma, Squamous Cell / drug therapy. Carcinoma, Squamous Cell / radiotherapy. Uterine Cervical Neoplasms / drug therapy. Uterine Cervical Neoplasms / radiotherapy
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Aged. Brachytherapy / methods. Carboplatin / administration & dosage. Carboplatin / adverse effects. Cisplatin / administration & dosage. Cisplatin / adverse effects. Combined Modality Therapy. Female. Humans. Infusions, Intra-Arterial / methods. Iridium Radioisotopes / therapeutic use. Japan. Middle Aged. Neoplasm Recurrence, Local. Radiotherapy Dosage. Survival Rate


94. Beriwal S, Kim H, Coon D, Mogus R, Heron DE, Li X, Huq MS: Single magnetic resonance imaging vs magnetic resonance imaging/computed tomography planning in cervical cancer brachytherapy. Clin Oncol (R Coll Radiol); 2009 Aug;21(6):483-7
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  • Similarly, the mean D(2 cc) was 75.68 Gy vs 74.99 Gy for the bladder, 55.84 Gy vs 56.56 Gy for the rectum and 64.8 Gy vs 65.5 Gy for the sigmoid.
  • [MeSH-major] Brachytherapy / methods. Radiotherapy Planning, Computer-Assisted / methods. Uterine Cervical Neoplasms / radiotherapy


95. Vertedor-Hurtado MV, Padín-López S, Carreira-Pastor MJ, López-Martínez JM: [The tympanic thermometer in pediatrics as an alternative to the mercury-in-glass thermometer]. Enferm Clin; 2009 May-Jun;19(3):115-20
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  • In group I the rectal mercury thermometer was placed in the rectum for 3 minutes and the tympanic thermometer was used in rectal mode and placed in the right ear.

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  • (PMID = 19386529.001).
  • [ISSN] 1130-8621
  • [Journal-full-title] Enfermería clínica
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Enferm Clin
  • [Language] spa
  • [Publication-type] Comparative Study; English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Spain
  • [Chemical-registry-number] FXS1BY2PGL / Mercury
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96. M Díaz T, M Nieves B: [Comparison between culture media and procedures to detect Streptococcus agalactiae in pregnant women]. Rev Chilena Infectol; 2008 Apr;25(2):108-13
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  • Detection of Streptococcus agalactiae in pregnant women's vagina and rectum and intrapartum antibiotic prophylaxis administered to colonized women are currently recommended to prevent neonatal precocious infections by this organism.
  • [MeSH-major] Culture Media / chemistry. Pregnancy Complications, Infectious / diagnosis. Streptococcal Infections / diagnosis. Streptococcus agalactiae / isolation & purification
  • [MeSH-minor] Bacteriological Techniques. Female. Humans. Pregnancy. Rectum / microbiology. Vagina / microbiology

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  • (PMID = 18483641.001).
  • [ISSN] 0716-1018
  • [Journal-full-title] Revista chilena de infectología : órgano oficial de la Sociedad Chilena de Infectología
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Rev Chilena Infectol
  • [Language] spa
  • [Publication-type] Comparative Study; English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Chile
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Culture Media
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97. Kulkarni T, Gollins S, Maw A, Hobson P, Byrne R, Widdowson D: Magnetic resonance imaging in rectal cancer downstaged using neoadjuvant chemoradiation: accuracy of prediction of tumour stage and circumferential resection margin status. Colorectal Dis; 2008 Jun;10(5):479-89
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  • [Title] Magnetic resonance imaging in rectal cancer downstaged using neoadjuvant chemoradiation: accuracy of prediction of tumour stage and circumferential resection margin status.
  • OBJECTIVE: The aim was to examine the accuracy of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) in predicting circumferential resection margin (CRM) involvement, T- and N-stage in patients with locally advanced carcinoma of the rectum, who had undergone long-course downstaging chemoradiation (CRT).
  • METHOD: Patients with rectal cancer were selected for long-course downstaging CRT if their tumour was considered to threaten (< or = 1 mm) or involve the CRM on MRI.
  • CONCLUSION: Magnetic resonance imaging has good specificity and negative predictive value for predicting an uninvolved CRM post downstaging CRT in locally advanced rectal cancer although sensitivity and positive predictive value for an involved CRM were unsatisfactory.
  • The shortcomings of MRI stem from poor differentiation of viable tumour from posttreatment changes and inability to identify small nodal and tumour deposits.
  • [MeSH-major] Magnetic Resonance Imaging. Neoplasm Staging / methods. Rectal Neoplasms / pathology. Rectal Neoplasms / therapy

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  • (PMID = 18318754.001).
  • [ISSN] 1463-1318
  • [Journal-full-title] Colorectal disease : the official journal of the Association of Coloproctology of Great Britain and Ireland
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Colorectal Dis
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Comparative Study; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] England
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98. Wang XW, Ni DF: [Investigation of the characters of cervical lymph node metastases of primary malignant tumor beyond head and neck]. Zhonghua Er Bi Yan Hou Tou Jing Wai Ke Za Zhi; 2007 Jun;42(6):413-6
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  • [Title] [Investigation of the characters of cervical lymph node metastases of primary malignant tumor beyond head and neck].
  • OBJECTIVE: To investigate the characters of cervical lymph node metastases of primary tumors beyond head and neck.
  • METHODS: Among 466 cases of malignant tumor with cervical lymph node metastases treated in Peking Union Medical College Hospital from January 1989 to June 2004, 77 cases of tumor which sites primarily beyond head and neck were studied.
  • RESULTS: The primary sites of these 77 cases of malignant tumor consisted of lung, stomach, esophagus, galactophore, colon, mediastinum, ovary, uterus, pancreas, liver, mesentery, adrenal gland and rectum.
  • The proportion of the metastases of malignant tumor from primary site beyond head and neck in each region was 2.1% in LEVEL I, 3.7% in LEVEL III, 14.3% in LEVEL IV, 70.8% in LEVEL V.
  • Among the cervical lymph node metastases of primary tumor beyond head and neck, 51.9% were low-grade adenocarcinoma, 15.6% were medial-grade adenocarcinoma, 11.7% were low-grade squamous cell carcinoma, 10.4% were medial-grade squamous carcinoma.
  • CONCLUSIONS: The cervical lymph node metastases of malignant tumor might be seen from many organs beyond head and neck.
  • And the primary tumors beyond head and neck metastasis in this region were more than the tumors from head and neck locally.
  • The histological type of the primary tumors were frequently low-medial grade carcinomas.
  • [MeSH-major] Lymph Nodes. Lymphatic Metastasis. Neoplasms, Unknown Primary

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  • (PMID = 17702413.001).
  • [ISSN] 1673-0860
  • [Journal-full-title] Zhonghua er bi yan hou tou jing wai ke za zhi = Chinese journal of otorhinolaryngology head and neck surgery
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Zhonghua Er Bi Yan Hou Tou Jing Wai Ke Za Zhi
  • [Language] chi
  • [Publication-type] English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] China
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99. Vercelli M, Lillini R, Capocaccia R, Micheli A, Coebergh JW, Quinn M, Martinez-Garcia C, Quaglia A, ELDCARE Working Group: Cancer survival in the elderly: effects of socio-economic factors and health care system features (ELDCARE project). Eur J Cancer; 2006 Jan;42(2):234-42
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  • The highest correlations of survival with the percentage of married elderly women in the population were for cancers of the rectum (r=0.79) and breast (r=0.66), while survival correlated negatively with the proportion of widows for most cancers.
  • Social conditions could play a major role in determining health outcomes, particularly in the elderly, by affecting access to health care and delay in diagnosis.
  • [MeSH-major] Neoplasms / mortality

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  • (PMID = 16359860.001).
  • [ISSN] 0959-8049
  • [Journal-full-title] European journal of cancer (Oxford, England : 1990)
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Eur. J. Cancer
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Multicenter Study; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] England
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100. Guillou PJ, Quirke P, Thorpe H, Walker J, Jayne DG, Smith AM, Heath RM, Brown JM, MRC CLASICC trial group: Short-term endpoints of conventional versus laparoscopic-assisted surgery in patients with colorectal cancer (MRC CLASICC trial): multicentre, randomised controlled trial. Lancet; 2005 May 14-20;365(9472):1718-26
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  • Apart from patients undergoing laparoscopic anterior resection for rectal cancer, rates of positive resection margins were similar between treatment groups.
  • However, impaired short-term outcomes after laparoscopic-assisted anterior resection for cancer of the rectum do not yet justify its routine use.
  • [MeSH-major] Colorectal Neoplasms / surgery. Laparoscopy

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  • [CommentIn] Lancet. 2005 Aug 27-Sep 2;366(9487):712-3; author reply 713-4 [16125579.001]
  • [CommentIn] Lancet. 2005 Aug 27-Sep 2;366(9487):712; author reply 713-4 [16125581.001]
  • [CommentIn] Lancet. 2005 May 14-20;365(9472):1666-8 [15894083.001]
  • [CommentIn] Lancet. 2005 Aug 27-Sep 2;366(9487):713; author reply 713-4 [16125582.001]
  • (PMID = 15894098.001).
  • [ISSN] 1474-547X
  • [Journal-full-title] Lancet (London, England)
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Lancet
  • [Language] eng
  • [Databank-accession-numbers] ISRCTN/ ISRCTN74883561
  • [Publication-type] Clinical Trial; Comparative Study; Journal Article; Multicenter Study; Randomized Controlled Trial; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] England
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