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11. Chetty R: Requiem for the term 'carcinoid tumour' in the gastrointestinal tract? Can J Gastroenterol; 2008 Apr;22(4):357-8
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  • [Title] Requiem for the term 'carcinoid tumour' in the gastrointestinal tract?
  • Use of the term 'carcinoid tumour' to describe a unique type of tumour in the gastroenteropancreatic system is endemic in the medical literature and in daily clinical and pathological parlance.
  • The World Health Organization classification scheme recommends the use of the terms neuroendocrine tumours or carcinomas, which may be stratified as well-differentiated neuroendocrine tumours with benign or uncertain behaviour, well-differentiated tumours with low-grade neuroendocrine carcinoma behaviour and high-grade neuroendocrine carcinomas.
  • These categories may be applied within different sites in the gastrointestinal tract and pancreas, and convey a sense of biological behaviour.
  • In addition, a recently suggested tumour-node-metastasis scheme has been proposed and awaits clinical validation and acceptance.
  • Thus, the term 'carcinoid' has served its purpose well, but its use should be phased out in favour of 'neuroendocrine tumour' or 'neuroendocrine carcinoma'.
  • [MeSH-major] Carcinoid Tumor / classification. Gastrointestinal Neoplasms / classification. Terminology as Topic

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  • (PMID = 18414708.001).
  • [ISSN] 0835-7900
  • [Journal-full-title] Canadian journal of gastroenterology = Journal canadien de gastroenterologie
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Can. J. Gastroenterol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Canada
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC2662891
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12. Jia D, Taguchi M, Otsuki M: Preventive and therapeutic effects of the protease inhibitor camostat on pancreatic fibrosis and atrophy in CCK-1 receptor-deficient rats. Pancreas; 2005 Jan;30(1):54-61
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  • [Title] Preventive and therapeutic effects of the protease inhibitor camostat on pancreatic fibrosis and atrophy in CCK-1 receptor-deficient rats.
  • OBJECTIVES: Recent studies have demonstrated that synthetic protease inhibitors could ameliorate the progression of pancreatic fibrosis in some animal models.
  • Since oral administration of protease inhibitors increases the plasma cholecystokinin (CCK) levels and causes hypertrophy of the pancreas in rats, there is a possibility that the protease inhibitor inhibits fibrosis in the pancreas via endogenous CCK release.
  • We examined the effects of camostat, a synthetic protease inhibitor, on histopathologic changes in Otsuka Long-Evans Tokushima Fatty (OLETF) rat that has genetically no expression of CCK-1 receptor and displays inflammation and degeneration of the pancreas.
  • RESULTS: Pancreatic wet weight and pancreatic contents of protein, DNA, amylase, lipase, and trypsin in camostat-treated rats were significantly higher than those in the untreated control rats.
  • Immunohistochemical studies of the pancreas showed that expressions of interleukin-1beta, interleukin-6, tumor necrosis factor-alpha, and alpha-smooth muscle actin in camostat-treated rats were greatly suppressed compared with those in the untreated control rats.
  • Atrophy and fibrosis in the pancreas observed in the untreated control rats were not found in camostat-fed rats.
  • CONCLUSION: The results of the present study suggest that camostat greatly inhibits pancreatic inflammation and prevents and reverses fibrosis and atrophy of the pancreas in the genetically obese and CCK-1 receptor-deficient OLETF rats.
  • [MeSH-minor] Actins / metabolism. Amylases / metabolism. Animals. Atrophy. Eating. Fibrosis. Interleukin-6 / metabolism. Lipase / metabolism. Male. Obesity / complications. Organ Size. Pancreas / enzymology. Pancreas / pathology. Rats. Rats, Inbred OLETF. Transforming Growth Factor beta / metabolism. Trypsin / metabolism. Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha / metabolism

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  • (PMID = 15632700.001).
  • [ISSN] 1536-4828
  • [Journal-full-title] Pancreas
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Pancreas
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Actins; 0 / Interleukin-6; 0 / Protease Inhibitors; 0 / Receptor, Cholecystokinin A; 0 / Transforming Growth Factor beta; 0 / Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha; 0FD207WKDU / camostat; 4V7M9137X9 / Gabexate; EC 3.1.1.3 / Lipase; EC 3.2.1.- / Amylases; EC 3.4.21.4 / Trypsin
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13. Cross SE, Hughes SJ, Partridge CJ, Clark A, Gray DW, Johnson PR: Collagenase penetrates human pancreatic islets following standard intraductal administration. Transplantation; 2008 Oct 15;86(7):907-11
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  • [Title] Collagenase penetrates human pancreatic islets following standard intraductal administration.
  • The aim of this study was to characterize collagenase distribution in relation to islets in infused human pancreases.
  • METHODS: : Human pancreases were retrieved from multiorgan donors with appropriate consent.
  • RESULTS: : Collagenase labeling was widespread throughout the pancreas, associated with collagen VI, and adjacent to CK19-labeled ducts.
  • Intraislet collagenase was observed in 70%+/-3% of islets in the pancreatic tail, compared with 58%+/-2% and 53%+/-2% of islets in the body and neck, respectively (P<0.05 tail vs. neck), and was more prevalent in islets with diameters more than 150 microm (98%+/-1% of islets >150 microm vs. 52%+/-2% of islets <150 microm, P<0.05).
  • There was no difference in intraislet collagenase labeling between perfused and syringe-loaded pancreases.
  • [MeSH-minor] Drug Administration Routes. Humans. Organ Preservation Solutions. Pancreas / anatomy & histology. Pancreas / enzymology. Pancreas, Exocrine / enzymology. Pancreatic Ducts / metabolism

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  • (PMID = 18852654.001).
  • [ISSN] 1534-6080
  • [Journal-full-title] Transplantation
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Transplantation
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Organ Preservation Solutions; EC 3.4.24.- / Collagenases
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4. Atias S, Mizrahi SS, Shaco-Levy R, Yussim A: Preservation of pancreatic tissue morphology, viability and energy metabolism during extended cold storage in two-layer oxygenated University of Wisconsin/perfluorocarbon solution. Isr Med Assoc J; 2008 Apr;10(4):273-6
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  • [Title] Preservation of pancreatic tissue morphology, viability and energy metabolism during extended cold storage in two-layer oxygenated University of Wisconsin/perfluorocarbon solution.
  • BACKGROUND: In contrast to the relative scarcity of donor kidneys and hearts, the potential supply of deceased donor pancreata is exceeding the demand.
  • However, this organ surplus is not being fully realized because, in current transplantation practice, the duration of pancreas storage before transplantation is limited to 8-10 hours due to the extreme vulnerability of pancreatic tissue to anaerobic damage caused by preservation.
  • OBJECTIVES: To reduce cold ischemic injury in order to increase the utilization of donor pancreases in Israel for whole-organ and cell transplantation.
  • METHODS: We evaluated a novel two-layer preservation oxygenated cold storage method that uses perfluorocarbon to continuously supply oxygen to the pancreas during preservation in conventional University of Wisconsin solution.
  • RESULTS: Pancreatic tissue morphology, viability and adenosine-triphosphate content were serially examined during preservation of the pig pancreas for 24 hours either by a two-layer or by conventional simple cold storage.
  • CONCLUSIONS: The UW/PFC two-layer preservation method allowed tissue ATP synthesis and amelioration of cold ischemic tissue damage during extended 24 hour pancreas preservation.
  • This method could be implemented in clinical practice to maximize utilization of pancreata for whole-organ and islet transplantation as well as for pancreas sharing with remote centers.
  • [MeSH-major] Cryopreservation / methods. Fluorocarbons. Organ Preservation / methods. Pancreas

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  • (PMID = 18548980.001).
  • [ISSN] 1565-1088
  • [Journal-full-title] The Israel Medical Association journal : IMAJ
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Isr. Med. Assoc. J.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Israel
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Fluorocarbons; 0 / Organ Preservation Solutions; 8L70Q75FXE / Adenosine Triphosphate
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15. Malaise J, Secchi A, Caldara R, Tydén G, Sandberg J, Van Ophem D, Squifflet JP, EUROSPK Study Group: Metabolic assessment after simultaneous pancreas-kidney transplantation. Transplant Proc; 2005 Jul-Aug;37(6):2851-2
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  • [Title] Metabolic assessment after simultaneous pancreas-kidney transplantation.
  • Simultaneous pancreas-kidney (SPK) transplantation has become a standard therapy for patients with type 1 diabetes and end-stage renal disease.
  • PATIENTS AND METHODS: We analyzed 205 patients enrolled in the Euro-SPK001 study for fasting blood glucose, fasting C peptide, glycated hemoglobin (HbA(1c)), blood lipids (total cholesterol and triglycerides), and pancreatic enzymes at regular intervals during the study.
  • [MeSH-major] Hemoglobin A, Glycosylated / analysis. Kidney Transplantation / physiology. Pancreas Transplantation / physiology

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  • (PMID = 16182831.001).
  • [ISSN] 0041-1345
  • [Journal-full-title] Transplantation proceedings
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Transplant. Proc.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Comparative Study; Journal Article; Multicenter Study; Randomized Controlled Trial; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Blood Glucose; 0 / C-Peptide; 0 / Hemoglobin A, Glycosylated; 0 / Immunosuppressive Agents; 0 / Lipids; EC 3.2.1.- / Amylases
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16. Ye R, Mareninova OA, Barron E, Wang M, Hinton DR, Pandol SJ, Lee AS: Grp78 heterozygosity regulates chaperone balance in exocrine pancreas with differential response to cerulein-induced acute pancreatitis. Am J Pathol; 2010 Dec;177(6):2827-36
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  • [Title] Grp78 heterozygosity regulates chaperone balance in exocrine pancreas with differential response to cerulein-induced acute pancreatitis.
  • The endoplasmic reticulum (ER) is abundant in the acinar cells of the exocrine pancreas.
  • Exocrine pancreata of RD-fed Grp78(+/-) mice in an outbred C57BL/6 × 129/sv genetic background exhibited ER lumen dilation, a reduction in chaperones calnexin (CNX) and calreticulin (CRT), and exacerbated pancreatitis associated with high CHOP induction.
  • Thus, in exocrine pancreata, Grp78 heterozygosity regulates ER chaperone balance, in dietary- and genetic background-dependent manners, and improved ER protein folding capacity might be protective against pancreatitis.

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  • (PMID = 20971738.001).
  • [ISSN] 1525-2191
  • [Journal-full-title] The American journal of pathology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Am. J. Pathol.
  • [Language] ENG
  • [Grant] United States / NIAAA NIH HHS / AA / AA16010; United States / NIAAA NIH HHS / AA / AA11999; United States / NIDDK NIH HHS / DK / DK070582; United States / NIAAA NIH HHS / AA / R21 AA016010; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / R01 CA027607; United States / NIDDK NIH HHS / DK / R21 DK070582; United States / NIDDK NIH HHS / DK / P30 DK048522; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / CA027607; United States / NIAAA NIH HHS / AA / P50 AA011999; United States / NIDDK NIH HHS / DK / DK048522
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Dietary Fats; 0 / Gastrointestinal Agents; 0 / Heat-Shock Proteins; 0 / Molecular Chaperones; 0 / molecular chaperone GRP78; 888Y08971B / Ceruletide
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC2993313
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17. Seki M, Ninomiya E, Takano K, Fujita R, Aruga A, Yamada K, Tanaka H, Matsueda K, Mikami K, Hiki N, Saiura A, Yamamoto J, Yamaguchi T, Yanagisawa A, Ikeda M, Sasaki K, Kato Y: Pancreatogram findings for carcinoma in situ (CIS) of the pancreas seen on endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography and postoperative pancreatography of resected specimens: can CIS be diagnosed preoperatively? Pancreatology; 2008;8(2):142-52
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  • [Title] Pancreatogram findings for carcinoma in situ (CIS) of the pancreas seen on endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography and postoperative pancreatography of resected specimens: can CIS be diagnosed preoperatively?
  • In addition, 7 of 79 invasive ductal carcinomata (IDC) of the pancreas were accompanied by CIS > or =2 cm long.
  • A total of 11 patients were reviewed here for pancreatographic findings for CIS of the pancreas.
  • METHODS: All resected pancreatobiliary materials were sliced serially at 5- to 8-mm intervals in a plane at right angles to the main pancreatic duct, referring to POP images.
  • CONCLUSIONS: I, N, G, and D are most important pancreatographic findings in ERCP and highly suggestive of CIS of the pancreas, so that whenever they are encountered, cytological and/or pathological examination of the pancreatic duct should be actively performed.
  • [MeSH-major] Carcinoma in Situ / radiography. Cholangiopancreatography, Endoscopic Retrograde. Pancreas / radiography. Pancreatic Neoplasms / radiography
  • [MeSH-minor] Aged. Aged, 80 and over. Female. Humans. Incidental Findings. Male. Middle Aged. Pancreatic Ducts / radiography. Postoperative Care. Preoperative Care

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  • [Copyright] Copyright 2008 S. Karger AG, Basel.
  • (PMID = 18382100.001).
  • [ISSN] 1424-3911
  • [Journal-full-title] Pancreatology : official journal of the International Association of Pancreatology (IAP) ... [et al.]
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Pancreatology
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Switzerland
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18. Vinkers MT, Rahmel AO, Slot MC, Smits JM, Schareck WD: How to recognize a suitable pancreas donor: a Eurotransplant study of preprocurement factors. Transplant Proc; 2008 Jun;40(5):1275-8
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  • [Title] How to recognize a suitable pancreas donor: a Eurotransplant study of preprocurement factors.
  • INTRODUCTION: Because of the increasing demand for pancreas transplantation, more marginal donors are offered to Eurotransplant.
  • The aim of this study was to validate a donor quality score that would facilitate recognition of a suitable pancreas donor among all reported donors.
  • MATERIALS AND METHODS: We analyzed all 3180 consecutively reported pancreas donors for the period between January 1, 2002 and June 30, 2005 and determined the influence of the preprocurement pancreas suitability score (P-PASS) on the acceptance of a pancreas.
  • RESULTS: Multiple regression analysis using pancreas acceptance as an outcome variable identified P-PASS > or = 17 as a significant cutoff point (P < .001).
  • Pancreata from donors with P-PASS > or = 17 were three times more likely to be refused.
  • CONCLUSION: The donor score can help in screening for potential pancreas donors, where an ideal donor has a P-PASS < 17.
  • Our data demonstrate that consideration of a combination of preprocurement factors can help identify a suitable pancreas donor.
  • Therefore, we recommend that a pancreas donor score be calculated for each potential pancreas donor, and all donors with a P-PASS < 17 should be considered for pancreas donation.
  • [MeSH-major] Pancreas. Pancreas Transplantation / methods. Tissue Donors / statistics & numerical data. Tissue and Organ Procurement / methods

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  • (PMID = 18589086.001).
  • [ISSN] 0041-1345
  • [Journal-full-title] Transplantation proceedings
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Transplant. Proc.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / ABO Blood-Group System
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19. Ulicna M, Danisovic L, Danihel L, Vojtassak J: Diabetes--adult stem cells as an future alternative therapy? Bratisl Lek Listy; 2009;110(12):773-6
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  • One way to achieve a constant normoglycemic state without hypoglycemic episodes is either whole pancreas transplantation, or transplantation of isolated islets of Langerhans.
  • Another approach to correct the beta-cell deficit is the stimulation of beta-cells in pancreas to regeneration.

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  • (PMID = 20196471.001).
  • [ISSN] 0006-9248
  • [Journal-full-title] Bratislavské lekárske listy
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Bratisl Lek Listy
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't; Review
  • [Publication-country] Slovakia
  • [Number-of-references] 47
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20. Czupryniak L, Strzelczyk J, Drzewoski J: Diagnostic difficulties in long-standing insulinoma with near-normal plasma insulin levels. J Endocrinol Invest; 2005 Feb;28(2):170-4
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  • Insulinoma tumors are often difficult to detect, as the symptoms largely precede occurrence of a visualized tumor.
  • We report the case of an insulinoma patient with long delayed diagnosis and marked adaptation to extreme hypoglycemia.
  • All attempts to localize a tumor with repeated abdominal ultrasound examinations or computed tomography scanning were unsuccessful.
  • Once it had become technically available, endoscopic ultrasonography of the pancreas was performed.
  • It revealed a 10 mm tumor in the pancreatic head.
  • The tumor was subsequently removed surgically.
  • Microscopic examination revealed benign insulinoma, with partially trabecular structure.
  • It also confirms the essential role of endoscopic ultrasonography in the diagnosis of insulin-secreting tumors.
  • [MeSH-major] Endosonography. Insulin / blood. Insulinoma / blood. Insulinoma / diagnostic imaging. Pancreatic Neoplasms / blood. Pancreatic Neoplasms / diagnostic imaging
  • [MeSH-minor] Adaptation, Physiological. Adult. Blood Glucose / metabolism. Diagnosis, Differential. Female. Humans. Hypoglycemia / etiology. Hypoglycemia / physiopathology. Severity of Illness Index

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  • (PMID = 15887865.001).
  • [ISSN] 0391-4097
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of endocrinological investigation
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Endocrinol. Invest.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Italy
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Blood Glucose; 0 / Insulin
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21. Kawamoto S, Lawler LP, Horton KM, Eng J, Hruban RH, Fishman EK: MDCT of intraductal papillary mucinous neoplasm of the pancreas: evaluation of features predictive of invasive carcinoma. AJR Am J Roentgenol; 2006 Mar;186(3):687-95
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  • [Title] MDCT of intraductal papillary mucinous neoplasm of the pancreas: evaluation of features predictive of invasive carcinoma.
  • OBJECTIVE: The purpose of our study was to evaluate factors predictive of the presence of invasive carcinoma associated with intraductal papillary mucinous neoplasm (IPMN) of the pancreas on MDCT.
  • MATERIALS AND METHODS: Preoperative MDCT of 36 consecutive patients (23 men, 13 women; mean age, 66.6 years) who had undergone surgical resection and had a pathologic diagnosis of IPMN were retrospectively assessed.
  • Type of ductal involvement, location, tumor size in branch duct type and combined type lesions, caliber of the main pancreatic duct, caliber of the common bile duct or common hepatic duct, and solid appearance of the lesion were assessed on CT and correlated with pathologic findings for invasive carcinoma.
  • With invasive carcinoma, the size of the tumor in branch duct type and combined type, and the caliber of the main pancreatic duct were significantly larger compared with the lesions without invasive carcinoma (4.7 +/- 1.7 cm vs 2.6 +/- 1.4 cm [p = 0.0007] and 9.3 +/- 5.5 mm vs 4.6 +/- 4.1 mm [p = 0.006], respectively).
  • [MeSH-major] Adenocarcinoma, Mucinous / radiography. Carcinoma, Pancreatic Ductal / radiography. Pancreatic Neoplasms / radiography. Tomography, X-Ray Computed / methods
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Aged. Aged, 80 and over. Contrast Media. Female. Humans. Male. Middle Aged. Neoplasm Invasiveness. Predictive Value of Tests. Retrospective Studies. Sensitivity and Specificity

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  • (PMID = 16498096.001).
  • [ISSN] 0361-803X
  • [Journal-full-title] AJR. American journal of roentgenology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] AJR Am J Roentgenol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Contrast Media
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22. England RJ, Woodley H, Cullinane C, McClean P, Walker J, Stringer MD: Pediatric pancreatic hemangioma: a case report and literature review. JOP; 2006;7(5):496-501
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  • [Title] Pediatric pancreatic hemangioma: a case report and literature review.
  • CONTEXT: The pancreas is an unusual site for a hemangioma in an infant.
  • A child with obstructive jaundice caused by a pancreatic hemangioma is presented and management strategies for this benign tumor are discussed.
  • An abdominal ultrasound scan and magnetic resonance imaging showed an enhancing mass in the head of the pancreas.
  • At laparotomy, a wedge biopsy of the pancreatic tumor was taken and a tube cholecystostomy inserted.
  • Histological examination of the specimen revealed a pancreatic hemangioma with sclerotic features.
  • The tumor subsequently regressed spontaneously and was no longer visible on follow-up imaging two years later.
  • CONCLUSIONS: Pancreatic hemangiomas are rare and may cause diagnostic confusion.
  • Pancreatic resection should be avoided since the natural history of these benign tumors is that of spontaneous involution.
  • [MeSH-major] Hemangioma / diagnosis. Jaundice, Obstructive / diagnosis. Pancreatic Neoplasms / diagnosis

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  • (PMID = 16998249.001).
  • [ISSN] 1590-8577
  • [Journal-full-title] JOP : Journal of the pancreas
  • [ISO-abbreviation] JOP
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] Italy
  • [Number-of-references] 14
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23. Mancuso F, Calvitti M, Luca G, Nastruzzi C, Baroni T, Mazzitelli S, Becchetti E, Arato I, Boselli C, Ngo Nselel MD, Calafiore R: Acceleration of functional maturation and differentiation of neonatal porcine islet cell monolayers shortly in vitro cocultured with microencapsulated sertoli cells. Stem Cells Int; 2010;2010:587213
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  • The limited availability of cadaveric human donor pancreata as well as the incomplete success of the Edmonton protocol for human islet allografts fasten search for new sources of insulin the producing cells for substitution cell therapy of insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus (T1DM).
  • Starting from isolated neonatal porcine pancreatic islets (NPIs), we have obtained cell monolayers that were exposed to microencapsulated monolayered Sertoli cells (ESCs) for different time periods (7, 14, 21 days).
  • The insulin/c-kit positive cells might represent a new, still unknown functionally immature β-cell like element in the porcine pancreas.

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  • (PMID = 21048849.001).
  • [ISSN] 1687-9678
  • [Journal-full-title] Stem cells international
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Stem Cells Int
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC2956457
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24. Siddique K, Ali Q, Mirza S, Jamil A, Ehsan A, Latif S, Malik AZ: Evaluation of the aetiological spectrum of obstructive jaundice. J Ayub Med Coll Abbottabad; 2008 Oct-Dec;20(4):62-6
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  • The surgical jaundice can be caused by the obstruction of the bile duct as with gall stones, strictures, malignancy, such as cholangiocarcinoma (in which the jaundice is persistent and progressive), periampullary carcinoma, carcinoma gall bladder and carcinoma head of pancreas.
  • Malignant obstructive jaundice was seen in 34 (56.66%) patients while 26 (43.33%) had benign etiology.
  • Amongst the commonest symptom; clay coloured stools (75%) was more frequent in patients with malignant disease whereas abdominal pain (51.66%) was most common in benign conditions.
  • Commonest malignancy was Carcinoma (Ca) of the head of pancreas 18/60 (30%) followed by Ca gall bladder 8/60 (13.33%), cholangiocarcinoma 7/60 (11.66%), and periampullary carcinoma 1/60 (1.66%).
  • Choledocholithiasis 21/60 (35%) was the commonest benign cause followed by stricture of common bile duct 3/60 (5%) and acute pancreatitis 2/60 (3.33%).
  • Ca head of pancreas is the commonest malignancy while Choledocholithiasis is the commonest benign cause.
  • [MeSH-major] Jaundice, Obstructive / diagnosis. Jaundice, Obstructive / etiology

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  • (PMID = 19999207.001).
  • [ISSN] 1025-9589
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of Ayub Medical College, Abbottabad : JAMC
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Ayub Med Coll Abbottabad
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Pakistan
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25. Leslie MA, Moran ET Jr, Bedford MR: The effect of phytase and glucanase on the ileal digestible energy of corn and soybean meal fed to broilers. Poult Sci; 2007 Nov;86(11):2350-7
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  • At the end of each experimental period, the broilers were euthanized and the contents of the ileum, duodenum and jejunum (pooled), and pancreas were removed for analysis.
  • The pancreas and duodenal-jejunal samples were analyzed for proteolytic and amylase activity to determine the influence of practical levels of phytate on enzyme activity.
  • Results showed that neither phytase nor glucanase influenced enzyme activity in the digesta or pancreas, suggesting that practical levels of phytate did not influence the activity of proteolytic enzymes or amylase.
  • The IDE and DM digestibility of corn and the digesta and pancreatic enzyme activities increased with age, whereas the IDE of SBM was similar among age groups.
  • [MeSH-minor] Aging. Animal Nutritional Physiological Phenomena. Animals. Diet / veterinary. Dietary Supplements. Energy Metabolism / drug effects. Male. Pancreas. Soybeans / metabolism. Zea mays / metabolism

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  • (PMID = 17954585.001).
  • [ISSN] 0032-5791
  • [Journal-full-title] Poultry science
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Poult. Sci.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Controlled Clinical Trial; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] EC 3.1.3.26 / 6-Phytase; EC 3.2.1.- / Glycoside Hydrolases
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26. Andrades P, Asiedu C, Ray P, Rodriguez C, Goodwin J, McCarn J, Thomas JM: Islet yield after different methods of pancreatic Liberase delivery. Transplant Proc; 2007 Jan-Feb;39(1):183-4
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  • [Title] Islet yield after different methods of pancreatic Liberase delivery.
  • OBJECTIVE: Enzymatic digestion of the pancreas is a fundamental step in islet isolation and there are many ways to administer the enzyme during procurement.
  • The aim of this study was to evaluate the influence of different methods of Liberase delivery during pancreas harvest on the quality and quantity of islets.
  • After injection, the pancreata were harvested, digested in Liberase solution, mechanically disrupted, and purified using discontinuous gradient centrifugation.
  • CONCLUSION: Intraductal administration is the best enzyme delivery method for pancreatic islet isolation.
  • The pancreatic ducts are the most anatomic and physiological way to transport the enzyme uniformly inside the pancreas, determining an adequate digestion and better islet quantity and quality when compared with other delivery methods.
  • [MeSH-major] Collagenases. Islets of Langerhans / cytology. Pancreas / cytology. Thermolysin

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  • (PMID = 17275501.001).
  • [ISSN] 0041-1345
  • [Journal-full-title] Transplantation proceedings
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Transplant. Proc.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Grant] United States / NIDDK NIH HHS / DK / R03 DK58965-01
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] EC 3.4.24.- / Collagenases; EC 3.4.24.- / Liberase; EC 3.4.24.27 / Thermolysin
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27. Miao G, Ito T, Uchikoshi F, Tanemura M, Kawamoto K, Shimada K, Nozawa M, Matsuda H: Development of islet-like cell clusters after pancreas transplantation in the spontaneously diabetic Torri rat. Am J Transplant; 2005 Oct;5(10):2360-7
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  • [Title] Development of islet-like cell clusters after pancreas transplantation in the spontaneously diabetic Torri rat.
  • Pancreas transplantation (PTx) has evolved as a clinical therapy to achieve sustained euglycemia.
  • However, it remains unclear if naive diseased islets of the pancreas benefit from the avoidance of glucose toxicity by PTx.
  • Moreover, we found that the beta-cell mass was significantly increased in the naive pancreases of 40-week-old PTx recipients (PTx40-naive).
  • Interestingly, islet-like cell clusters of varying size were found close to ductal structures of PTx40-naive pancreases, suggesting that these cells are derived from ductal cells.
  • Furthermore, pancreatic and duodenal homeobox factor-1 (PDX-1) was more clearly expressed in the nuclei of PTx40-naive pancreatic islet-like cell clusters.
  • Our results demonstrate the development of duct-derived beta cells in the pancreas of type 2 diabetic recipients after PTx.
  • [MeSH-major] Diabetes Mellitus, Experimental / pathology. Islets of Langerhans / cytology. Pancreas Transplantation / methods. Pancreas Transplantation / pathology
  • [MeSH-minor] Age of Onset. Animals. Blotting, Western. Cell Nucleus / metabolism. Cell Proliferation. Disease Models, Animal. Glucagon / chemistry. Glucose / pharmacology. Glucose / toxicity. Glucose Tolerance Test. Homeodomain Proteins / biosynthesis. Immunohistochemistry. Insulin / chemistry. Insulin / metabolism. Insulin / pharmacology. Insulin-Secreting Cells / cytology. Islets of Langerhans Transplantation / methods. Ki-67 Antigen / biosynthesis. Male. Pancreas / metabolism. Pancreas / pathology. Rats. Time Factors. Trans-Activators / biosynthesis

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  • (PMID = 16162183.001).
  • [ISSN] 1600-6135
  • [Journal-full-title] American journal of transplantation : official journal of the American Society of Transplantation and the American Society of Transplant Surgeons
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Am. J. Transplant.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Denmark
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Homeodomain Proteins; 0 / Insulin; 0 / Ki-67 Antigen; 0 / Trans-Activators; 0 / pancreatic and duodenal homeobox 1 protein; 9007-92-5 / Glucagon; IY9XDZ35W2 / Glucose
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28. Liao Z, Gao R, Wang W, Ye Z, Lai XW, Wang XT, Hu LH, Li ZS: A systematic review on endoscopic detection rate, endotherapy, and surgery for pancreas divisum. Endoscopy; 2009 May;41(5):439-44
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  • [Title] A systematic review on endoscopic detection rate, endotherapy, and surgery for pancreas divisum.
  • BACKGROUND AND STUDY AIMS: The rates for endoscopic detection of pancreas divisum at routine endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) vary worldwide, and the sample sizes in the reported studies on endoscopy and surgery for pancreas divisum are very small and variable.
  • The aim of this study was to systematically analyze the pooled data and determine endoscopic detection rates for pancreas divisum and pain relief rates in patients with pancreas divisum after endotherapy or surgery.
  • MATERIALS AND METHODS: A search for published data was performed by using the Medline database (1950 to 1st May 2008) with "pancreas divisum" as the keyword.
  • Publications, mainly on endoscopic detection rate, endotherapy, or surgery for pancreas divisum, were deemed relevant, and were further fully reviewed and analyzed.
  • The overall endoscopic detection rate for pancreas divisum was 2.9% (899/31,413), with the rate being significantly higher in the United States (5.8%) and Europe (6.0%) than in Asia (1.5%) (both P < 0.001).
  • In addition, there were significant differences in the combined response rates (for endotherapy and for surgery) between patients with pancreas divisum of acute recurrent pancreatitis (ARP)-type (81.2 %) compared with chronic pancreatitis-type (68.8%), and between ARP-type and pain-type (53.1%) (both P < 0.05).
  • CONCLUSIONS: The endoscopic detection rate for pancreas divisum is much higher in western countries than in Asian countries.
  • The pooled response rates of patients with pancreas divisum to endotherapy and surgery are similar in the reported series.
  • Patients with ARP-type pancreas divisum respond better to endotherapy or surgery than those with chronic pancreatitis-type and pain-type.
  • [MeSH-major] Cholangiopancreatography, Endoscopic Retrograde. Pancreas / abnormalities. Pancreatitis, Acute Necrotizing / diagnosis. Pancreatitis, Chronic / diagnosis

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  • (PMID = 19337962.001).
  • [ISSN] 1438-8812
  • [Journal-full-title] Endoscopy
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Endoscopy
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] Germany
  • [Chemical-registry-number] EC 3.1.1.3 / Lipase; EC 3.2.1.- / Amylases
  • [Number-of-references] 51
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29. Shimizu T, Murata S, Mekata E, Miyake T, Abe H, Kurumi Y, Endo Y, Kushima R, Tani T: Clinical potential of an antitumor drug sensitivity test and diffusion-weighted MRI in a patient with a recurrent solid pseudopapillary tumor of the pancreas. J Gastroenterol; 2007 Nov;42(11):918-22
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  • [Title] Clinical potential of an antitumor drug sensitivity test and diffusion-weighted MRI in a patient with a recurrent solid pseudopapillary tumor of the pancreas.
  • A solid pseudopapillary tumor (SPT) of the pancreas is a rare type of pancreatic neoplasm found predominantly in young women.
  • SPTs typically behave as though benign; however, in some cases they also have malignant potential.
  • The patient had a history of distal pancreatectomy due to SPT in the pancreatic tail 4 years previously.
  • Microscopic diagnosis was compatible with recurrent tumors of SPT.
  • In addition, a diffusion-weighted MRI can be useful for accurately visualizing SPTs of the pancreas.
  • [MeSH-major] Antimetabolites, Antineoplastic / therapeutic use. Carcinoma, Papillary / diagnostic imaging. Deoxycytidine / analogs & derivatives. Diffusion Magnetic Resonance Imaging / methods. Drug Screening Assays, Antitumor / methods. Pancreatic Neoplasms / diagnostic imaging

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  • (PMID = 18008037.001).
  • [ISSN] 0944-1174
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of gastroenterology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Gastroenterol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Evaluation Studies; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Japan
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Antimetabolites, Antineoplastic; 0W860991D6 / Deoxycytidine; B76N6SBZ8R / gemcitabine
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30. Keenan DB, Cartaya R, Mastrototaro JJ: The pathway to the closed-loop artificial pancreas: research and commercial perspectives. Pediatr Endocrinol Rev; 2010 Aug;7 Suppl 3:445-51
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  • [Title] The pathway to the closed-loop artificial pancreas: research and commercial perspectives.
  • In addition, artificial pancreas (AP) research has progressed to clinical studies, using combinations of commercially available devices.
  • [MeSH-major] Diabetes Mellitus / drug therapy. Diabetes Mellitus / metabolism. Insulin Infusion Systems. Pancreas, Artificial

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  • (PMID = 20877259.001).
  • [ISSN] 1565-4753
  • [Journal-full-title] Pediatric endocrinology reviews : PER
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Pediatr Endocrinol Rev
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] Israel
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31. Kartalis N, Lindholm TL, Aspelin P, Permert J, Albiin N: Diffusion-weighted magnetic resonance imaging of pancreas tumours. Eur Radiol; 2009 Aug;19(8):1981-90
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  • [Title] Diffusion-weighted magnetic resonance imaging of pancreas tumours.
  • The purpose of this study was to evaluate the accuracy of diffusion-weighted imaging (DWI) in diagnosis of pancreas cancer, to compare DWI with a conventional comprehensive MRI (MRI-c) and to analyse apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) values of lesions.
  • Thirty-six patients with pancreatic lesions (12 malignant and 24 benign) and 39 patients without lesions were included.
  • Mean ADC values of malignant lesions were significantly lower than those of benign lesions.
  • DWI has a similar accuracy to MRI-c in diagnosis of pancreas cancer.
  • [MeSH-major] Diffusion Magnetic Resonance Imaging / methods. Pancreatic Neoplasms / diagnosis

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  • [CommentIn] Eur Radiol. 2010 Jul;20(7):1768-9; author reply 1770-1 [20204646.001]
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  • (PMID = 19308414.001).
  • [ISSN] 1432-1084
  • [Journal-full-title] European radiology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Eur Radiol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Comparative Study; Evaluation Studies; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Germany
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32. Su C, Chen X, Zhang ZY, Gu WQ, Zhang MJ, Zhou GW, Li XY, Ning G, Li HW: [Protective effect of heme oxygenase-1 induction in vivo to pancreas islet xenograft]. Zhonghua Wai Ke Za Zhi; 2009 Aug 15;47(16):1249-52
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  • [Title] [Protective effect of heme oxygenase-1 induction in vivo to pancreas islet xenograft].
  • OBJECTIVE: To study the protective effect of islet xenograft and its possible mechanism of high expression of heme oxygenase-1 (HO-1) in donor pancreas islet induced by cobalt protoporphyrin (CoPP).
  • [MeSH-major] Heme Oxygenase-1 / metabolism. Pancreas Transplantation

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  • (PMID = 19781175.001).
  • [ISSN] 0529-5815
  • [Journal-full-title] Zhonghua wai ke za zhi [Chinese journal of surgery]
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Zhonghua Wai Ke Za Zhi
  • [Language] chi
  • [Publication-type] English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] China
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Protoporphyrins; 130068-27-8 / Interleukin-10; 63AAN3JDZE / cobaltiprotoporphyrin; EC 1.14.99.3 / Heme Oxygenase-1
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33. Grützmann R, Niedergethmann M, Pilarsky C, Klöppel G, Saeger HD: Intraductal papillary mucinous tumors of the pancreas: biology, diagnosis, and treatment. Oncologist; 2010;15(12):1294-309
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  • [Title] Intraductal papillary mucinous tumors of the pancreas: biology, diagnosis, and treatment.
  • Pancreatic intraductal papillary mucinous neoplasms (IPMNs) rank among the most common cystic tumors of the pancreas.
  • [MeSH-major] Pancreatic Neoplasms / diagnosis. Pancreatic Neoplasms / therapy
  • [MeSH-minor] Adenocarcinoma, Mucinous / diagnosis. Adenocarcinoma, Mucinous / metabolism. Adenocarcinoma, Mucinous / therapy. Carcinoma, Pancreatic Ductal / diagnosis. Carcinoma, Pancreatic Ductal / metabolism. Carcinoma, Pancreatic Ductal / therapy. Carcinoma, Papillary / diagnosis. Carcinoma, Papillary / metabolism. Carcinoma, Papillary / therapy. Humans. Prognosis

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  • (PMID = 21147870.001).
  • [ISSN] 1549-490X
  • [Journal-full-title] The oncologist
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Oncologist
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC3227924
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34. Farah-Klibi F, El Amine O, Ben Rejeb M, Najah N, Ben Jilani S, Zermani R: [Microcystic serous pancreatic cystadenoma]. Tunis Med; 2010 May;88(5):341-4
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  • [Title] [Microcystic serous pancreatic cystadenoma].
  • [Transliterated title] Cystadénome séreux microkystique du pancréas.
  • BACKGROUND: The pancreatic cystic serous neoplasms are divided into two categories: benign serous cystadenoma (SCA) and malignant serous cystadenocarcinoma.
  • AIM: Report of a new case of SMA in which we emphasize on the diagnostic difficulties encountered against such tumor despite its relatively radiological easiness compared to the other variants.
  • CASE REPORT: We report the case of 84 year-old-woman with a microcystic serous cystadenoma of the pancreas which was identified on pathologic examination of the surgical specimen, after unconclusive abdominal ultrasound and computed tomography (CT)- scan.
  • CONCLUSION: This case describes this rare entity and emphasizes that the diagnosis of such entity is still based on pathological examination after tumor removal.
  • [MeSH-major] Cystadenoma, Serous / pathology. Pancreatic Neoplasms / pathology

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  • (PMID = 20517831.001).
  • [ISSN] 0041-4131
  • [Journal-full-title] La Tunisie médicale
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Tunis Med
  • [Language] fre
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Tunisia
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35. Li WC: In vitro transdifferentiation of human hepatoma cells into pancreatic-like cells. Methods Mol Biol; 2009;560:99-110
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  • [Title] In vitro transdifferentiation of human hepatoma cells into pancreatic-like cells.
  • Transdifferentiation from different cellular origins into pancreatic-like beta-cells is of clinical significance since this approach may offer a potential cure for diabetes.
  • In order to achieve this goal, the liver is considered as a suitable candidate due to its close developmental relationship to the pancreas, its large size and a well-documented regenerative capacity that could provide enough original tissues to initiate the transdifferentiation procedure.
  • In this chapter, we describe a protocol to overexpress Pdx1, a master regulator essential for pancreas development in the cultured human liver cell line, HepG2.
  • [MeSH-major] Carcinoma, Hepatocellular / pathology. Cell Differentiation. Cytological Techniques. Liver Neoplasms / pathology. Pancreas / cytology
  • [MeSH-minor] Cell Line, Tumor. Cell Transdifferentiation. Humans. Insulin-Secreting Cells / cytology

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  • (PMID = 19504247.001).
  • [ISSN] 1940-6029
  • [Journal-full-title] Methods in molecular biology (Clifton, N.J.)
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Methods Mol. Biol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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36. Krzysztof K, Wiktor B, Tadeusz Ł, Waldemar B, Magdalena K, Janusz D: Neuroendocrine tumours--analysis of own material--a nine--year retrospective study. Hepatogastroenterology; 2010 Mar-Apr;57(98):236-41
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  • The aim of this study was to present the author's observations of the histological tumor types, occurrence and its surgical treatment.
  • Ultrasonography, scintigraphy, computed tomography or magnetic resonance imaging of abdominal cavity, pelvis, thorax or neck--depend on the tumor localization--were done in every individual.
  • All cases were subjected to surgical procedure with an aim to resect the tumour completely.
  • RESULTS: In the present study were observed 6 cases of carcinoids localized in ileum, cecum and sigmoid colon, 1 case of gastrinoma in pancreatic head localization, 1 case of insulinoma localized in pancreatic tail, 1 case of vipoma localised in pancreatic head, 2 cases of nesidioblastoma and 1 case of microcystic adenoma with neuroendocrine differentiation in pancreatic tail localization and 1 case of nonspecific apudoma observed in ileum.
  • There were 6 cases of neuroendocrine tumours localized in pancreas.
  • In adrenal glands we observed 10 benign and 1 malignant pheochromocytoma (one bilateral female case with Multiple Endocrine Neoplasia type 2A).
  • The clinical manifestations of some neuroendocrine tumours are not specific, so it causes a lot of difficulties in early diagnosis and treatment.

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  • (PMID = 20583420.001).
  • [ISSN] 0172-6390
  • [Journal-full-title] Hepato-gastroenterology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Hepatogastroenterology
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Greece
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37. Kawakami T, Saeki K, Takeyama N, Wu G, Sakudo A, Matsumoto Y, Hayashi T, Onodera T: Detection of proteolytic cleavages of diabetes-associated protein IA-2 beta in the pancreas and the brain using novel anti-IA-2 beta monoclonal antibodies. Int J Mol Med; 2007 Aug;20(2):177-85
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  • [Title] Detection of proteolytic cleavages of diabetes-associated protein IA-2 beta in the pancreas and the brain using novel anti-IA-2 beta monoclonal antibodies.
  • IA-2 beta exists mainly in a 60-kDa form, and is frequently located in the dense-core secretory vesicles of pancreatic beta cells.
  • In the present study, we characterized the major forms of IA-2 beta in the brain and pancreas of normal and non-obese diabetic (NOD) mice.
  • On the contrary, only the 60-kDa isoform of IA-2 beta was expressed in the mouse pancreas and in the mouse pancreatic beta cell line, MIN6.
  • Furthermore, Western blotting and immunohistochemistry demonstrated that NOD mice expressed similar isoforms present in the brains and pancreatic islets of C57BL/6J, BALC/CA and ICR mice, accordingly.
  • [MeSH-major] Antibodies, Monoclonal / pharmacology. Autoantigens / analysis. Autoantigens / immunology. Autoantigens / metabolism. Brain / metabolism. Membrane Proteins / analysis. Membrane Proteins / immunology. Membrane Proteins / metabolism. Pancreas / metabolism. Protein Tyrosine Phosphatases / analysis. Protein Tyrosine Phosphatases / immunology. Protein Tyrosine Phosphatases / metabolism
  • [MeSH-minor] Amino Acid Sequence. Animals. Diabetes Mellitus, Type 1 / enzymology. Isoenzymes / metabolism. Mice. Mice, Inbred BALB C. Mice, Inbred C57BL. Mice, Inbred ICR. Mice, Inbred NOD. Mice, Nude. Mice, Transgenic. Molecular Sequence Data. Peptide Fragments / analysis. Protein Processing, Post-Translational. Protein Tyrosine Phosphatase, Non-Receptor Type 1. Receptor-Like Protein Tyrosine Phosphatases, Class 8. Tumor Cells, Cultured

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  • (PMID = 17611635.001).
  • [ISSN] 1107-3756
  • [Journal-full-title] International journal of molecular medicine
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Int. J. Mol. Med.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Greece
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Antibodies, Monoclonal; 0 / Autoantigens; 0 / Isoenzymes; 0 / Membrane Proteins; 0 / Peptide Fragments; EC 3.1.3.48 / Protein Tyrosine Phosphatase, Non-Receptor Type 1; EC 3.1.3.48 / Protein Tyrosine Phosphatases; EC 3.1.3.48 / Ptprn protein, mouse; EC 3.1.3.48 / Receptor-Like Protein Tyrosine Phosphatases, Class 8
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38. Adams AL, Siegal GP, Jhala NC: Solid pseudopapillary tumor of the pancreas: a review of salient clinical and pathologic features. Adv Anat Pathol; 2008 Jan;15(1):39-45
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  • [Title] Solid pseudopapillary tumor of the pancreas: a review of salient clinical and pathologic features.
  • Solid pseudopapillary tumor (SPT) of the pancreas is a rare tumor of uncertain histogenesis characterized, as the name suggests, by a cystic and solid pattern of growth with formation of pseudopapillae.
  • Accounting for only a small percentage of pancreatic neoplasms, SPT occurs primarily in young women, although cases in older patients and men have been reported.
  • The tumor is thought to have low-grade malignant potential, as the majority of the cases are cured by simple but complete surgical resection.
  • Knowledge of the unique morphologic and demographic characteristics of this neoplasm is essential for accurate diagnosis.
  • Herein, we review the clinical and pathologic features, which can help separate SPTs from other primary pancreatic tumors.
  • [MeSH-major] Carcinoma, Papillary / pathology. Pancreatic Neoplasms / pathology
  • [MeSH-minor] Diagnosis, Differential. Humans. Immunophenotyping. Pancreatic Cyst / diagnosis. Pancreatic Cyst / immunology. Pancreatic Cyst / pathology. Prognosis

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  • (PMID = 18156811.001).
  • [ISSN] 1072-4109
  • [Journal-full-title] Advances in anatomic pathology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Adv Anat Pathol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Number-of-references] 51
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39. Kung JW, Brown A, Kruskal JB, Goldsmith JD, Pedrosa I: Heterotopic pancreas: typical and atypical imaging findings. Clin Radiol; 2010 May;65(5):403-7
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  • [Title] Heterotopic pancreas: typical and atypical imaging findings.
  • Heterotopic pancreas is a common condition often encountered during laporotomy or autopsy.
  • Prospective radiographic diagnosis is challenging because of the variable imaging appearances.
  • The purpose of this review is to present the typical and atypical appearances of heterotopic pancreas on imaging studies.
  • [MeSH-major] Choristoma / diagnosis. Gastrointestinal Diseases / diagnosis. Pancreas
  • [MeSH-minor] Adolescent. Adult. Biomarkers / blood. Diagnosis, Differential. Endosonography. Female. Humans. Magnetic Resonance Imaging. Male. Middle Aged. Tomography, X-Ray Computed

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  • (PMID = 20380941.001).
  • [ISSN] 1365-229X
  • [Journal-full-title] Clinical radiology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Clin Radiol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Biomarkers
  • [Number-of-references] 25
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40. Dubova EA, Shchegolev AI: [Clinical and morphological characteristics of intraductal papillary mucinous tumors of the pancreas]. Arkh Patol; 2009 Mar-Apr;71(2):9-12
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  • [Title] [Clinical and morphological characteristics of intraductal papillary mucinous tumors of the pancreas].
  • The paper presents the results of a comprehensive morphological study of the surgical material from 5 patients (males aged 49 to 69 years) with intraductal papillary mucinous tumors (IDPMT) of the pancreas.
  • The pancreatobiliary type of IDPMT was established in 4 cases (one adenoma from the peripheral branches of the pancreatic duct, one IDPMT with the borderline malignancy potential from the major pancreatic duct, and two intraductal papillary mucinous carcinomas from the major pancreatic duct).
  • One patient was diagnosed as having an enteric type of a tumor (IDPMT with the borderline malignancy from the major pancreatic duct), which was characterized by the expression in the MUC2 and MUC5AC cells and by that of cytokeratin 20.
  • [MeSH-major] Adenocarcinoma, Mucinous / metabolism. Adenocarcinoma, Mucinous / pathology. Adenoma / metabolism. Adenoma / pathology. Carcinoma, Pancreatic Ductal / metabolism. Carcinoma, Pancreatic Ductal / pathology
  • [MeSH-minor] Aged. Gene Expression Regulation, Neoplastic. Humans. Keratins / biosynthesis. Male. Middle Aged. Mucin 5AC / biosynthesis. Mucin-1 / biosynthesis. Neoplasm Proteins / biosynthesis

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  • (PMID = 19507570.001).
  • [ISSN] 0004-1955
  • [Journal-full-title] Arkhiv patologii
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Arkh. Patol.
  • [Language] rus
  • [Publication-type] English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Russia (Federation)
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / MUC1 protein, human; 0 / MUC5AC protein, human; 0 / Mucin 5AC; 0 / Mucin-1; 0 / Neoplasm Proteins; 68238-35-7 / Keratins
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41. Xu J, Liang Z, Hao S, Zhu L, Ashish M, Jin C, Fu D, Ni Q: Pancreatic adenocarcinoma: dynamic 64-slice helical CT with perfusion imaging. Abdom Imaging; 2009 Nov;34(6):759-66
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  • [Title] Pancreatic adenocarcinoma: dynamic 64-slice helical CT with perfusion imaging.
  • Thus, in lesions of the tissues of the pancreas, this offers to increase the accuracy of CT diagnosis.
  • In this study, our aim was to explore the perfusion characteristics of normal pancreas and pancreatic adenocarcinoma.
  • METHODS: Dynamic 64-slice helical CT was conducted in 36 patients with non-pancreatic disease and in 40 patients with histopathologically proven pancreatic adenocarcinoma.
  • RESULTS: There was no significant difference noted between the distribution of BF, BV, and PS values in different regions of the pancreas, namely the head, neck, body, and tail (P > 0.05).
  • The BF, BV, and PS of normal pancreas were recorded as 135.24 +/- 48.36 ml min(-1) 100 g(-1), 200.55 +/- 54.96 ml 100 g(-1), and 49.75 +/- 24.27 ml min(-1) 100 g(-1), respectively.
  • BF, BV, and PS values of the tumor tissue of pancreatic adenocarcinoma decreased significantly compared to normal pancreas (P < 0.05).
  • CONCLUSIONS: Normal pancreas appears homogenous on perfusion CT.
  • A significant decrease of BF, BV, and PS was observed in pancreatic adenocarcinoma.
  • Dynamic 64-slice helical CT with perfusion imaging should be considered a potential modality to increase the accuracy of CT diagnosis for pancreatic adenocarcinoma.
  • [MeSH-major] Adenocarcinoma / radiography. Pancreatic Neoplasms / radiography. Tomography, Spiral Computed / methods
  • [MeSH-minor] Case-Control Studies. Contrast Media. Female. Humans. Iohexol. Male. Middle Aged. Pancreas / blood supply. Pancreas / radiography. Pancreaticoduodenectomy. Prospective Studies

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  • (PMID = 19672566.001).
  • [ISSN] 1432-0509
  • [Journal-full-title] Abdominal imaging
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Abdom Imaging
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Contrast Media; 4419T9MX03 / Iohexol
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42. Puglisi MA, Giuliani L, Fierabracci A: Identification and characterization of a novel expandable adult stem/progenitor cell population in the human exocrine pancreas. J Endocrinol Invest; 2008 Jun;31(6):563-72
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  • [Title] Identification and characterization of a novel expandable adult stem/progenitor cell population in the human exocrine pancreas.
  • In particular, the existence of pancreatic stem cells remains elusive because specific markers for their identification are not available.
  • We established a method for the isolation of a population of stem/progenitor cells from the human exocrine pancreas, and propose it as a model for other human compact organs.
  • We identified a novel predominant functional type of stem/progenitor cell within the human exocrine pancreas, able to generate insulin-producing cells and potentially non-pancreatic cells.
  • [MeSH-major] Cell Proliferation. Pancreas, Exocrine / cytology. Stem Cells / cytology
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Cell Differentiation / physiology. Cell Line, Tumor. Cells, Cultured. Coculture Techniques / methods. Humans

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  • (PMID = 18591892.001).
  • [ISSN] 1720-8386
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of endocrinological investigation
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Endocrinol. Invest.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Comparative Study; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
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43. Tajima Y, Kuroki T, Tsutsumi R, Fukuda K, Kitasato A, Adachi T, Mishima T, Kanematsu T: Risk factors for pancreatic anastomotic leakage: the significance of preoperative dynamic magnetic resonance imaging of the pancreas as a predictor of leakage. J Am Coll Surg; 2006 May;202(5):723-31
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  • [Title] Risk factors for pancreatic anastomotic leakage: the significance of preoperative dynamic magnetic resonance imaging of the pancreas as a predictor of leakage.
  • BACKGROUND: The histologic degree of pancreatic fibrosis can be assessed preoperatively by using the time-signal intensity curve (TIC) of the pancreas obtained from dynamic magnetic resonance imaging.
  • STUDY DESIGN: To identify risk factors for postoperative pancreatic anastomotic leakage and to assess the impact of pancreatic TIC on this complication, 89 patients who underwent a pancreatic head resection with an end-to-side pancreaticojejunostomy between December 1998 and August 2005 were retrospectively reviewed.
  • The pancreatic TIC profiles were classified into 3 types: type I, indicating a normal pancreas without fibrosis; and types II and III indicating fibrotic pancreas.
  • In a univariate analysis, pancreatic texture (hard, 3% versus intermediate, 20% versus soft, 23%; p = 0.046), pancreatic duct size (> 3 mm, 8% versus <or= 3 mm, 25%; p = 0.037), and pancreatic TIC (types II, III, 3% versus type I, 25%; p = 0.006) were notably associated with pancreatic anastomotic leakage.
  • In a multivariable analysis, pancreatic TIC (odds ratio [OR], 9.58; 95% CI, 1.1 to 91.7) was the only marked independent predictor of postoperative pancreatic leakage.
  • A subanalysis of 52 patients with type I pancreatic TIC demonstrated hemoglobin A1c (odds ratio, 9.81; 95% CI, 1.2 to 127.9) to be a notable predictor of leakage and pancreatic leakage developed in diabetic patients with a high hemoglobin A1c concentration (> 6.0%) than in those with a normal hemoglobin A1c level.
  • CONCLUSIONS: Pancreatic TIC from dynamic MRI provides reliable information for predicting risk of pancreatic anastomotic leakage after pancreatic head resection.
  • Especially in patients with type I pancreatic TIC, the presence of uncontrolled diabetes is considered a primary risk factor for postoperative pancreatic leakage.
  • [MeSH-major] Anastomosis, Surgical / adverse effects. Magnetic Resonance Imaging. Pancreatic Diseases / surgery. Pancreaticojejunostomy. Postoperative Complications / diagnosis

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  • (PMID = 16648011.001).
  • [ISSN] 1072-7515
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of the American College of Surgeons
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Am. Coll. Surg.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Contrast Media
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44. Hoffman BG, Zavaglia B, Witzsche J, Ruiz de Algara T, Beach M, Hoodless PA, Jones SJ, Marra MA, Helgason CD: Identification of transcripts with enriched expression in the developing and adult pancreas. Genome Biol; 2008;9(6):R99
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  • [Title] Identification of transcripts with enriched expression in the developing and adult pancreas.
  • BACKGROUND: Despite recent advances, the transcriptional hierarchy driving pancreas organogenesis remains largely unknown, in part due to the paucity of comprehensive analyses.
  • To address this deficit we generated ten SAGE libraries from the developing murine pancreas spanning Theiler stages 17-26, making use of available Pdx1 enhanced green fluorescent protein (EGFP) and Neurog3 EGFP reporter strains, as well as tissue from adult islets and ducts.
  • RESULTS: We used a specificity metric to identify 2,536 tags with pancreas-enriched expression compared to 195 other mouse SAGE libraries.
  • We subsequently grouped co-expressed transcripts with differential expression during pancreas development using K-means clustering.
  • We validated the clusters first using quantitative real time PCR and then by analyzing the Theiler stage 22 pancreas in situ hybridization staining patterns of over 600 of the identified genes using the GenePaint database.
  • These were then categorized into one of the five expression domains within the developing pancreas.
  • Based on these results we identified a cascade of transcriptional regulators expressed in the endocrine pancreas lineage and, from this, we developed a predictive regulatory network describing beta-cell development.
  • CONCLUSION: Taken together, this work provides evidence that the SAGE libraries generated here are a valuable resource for continuing to elucidate the molecular mechanisms regulating pancreas development.
  • Furthermore, our studies provide a comprehensive analysis of pancreas development, and insights into the regulatory networks driving this process are revealed.
  • [MeSH-major] Gene Expression Profiling. Pancreas / embryology

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  • (PMID = 18554416.001).
  • [ISSN] 1474-760X
  • [Journal-full-title] Genome biology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Genome Biol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / enhanced green fluorescent protein; 147336-22-9 / Green Fluorescent Proteins
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC2481431
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45. Saif MW, Oettle H, Vervenne WL, Thomas JP, Spitzer G, Visseren-Grul C, Enas N, Richards DA: Randomized double-blind phase II trial comparing gemcitabine plus LY293111 versus gemcitabine plus placebo in advanced adenocarcinoma of the pancreas. Cancer J; 2009 Jul-Aug;15(4):339-43
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  • [Title] Randomized double-blind phase II trial comparing gemcitabine plus LY293111 versus gemcitabine plus placebo in advanced adenocarcinoma of the pancreas.
  • BACKGROUND: LY293111 (LY) is a novel oral anticancer agent with leukotriene B4 receptor antagonist and peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma agonist properties, producing promising results alone and in combination with gemcitabine in pancreatic cancer xenograft models.
  • PATIENTS AND METHODS: Chemotherapy-naive patients with histologically confirmed locally advanced or metastatic adenocarcinoma of the pancreas were randomly assigned to gemcitabine 1000 mg/m on days 1, 8, and 15 of a 28-day cycle and continuously administered LY 600 mg twice daily or gemcitabine 1000 mg/m on days 1, 8, and 15 of a 28-day cycle and daily oral placebo.
  • CONCLUSIONS: These results do not demonstrate any benefit to adding LY to gemcitabine in unpretreated patients with advanced pancreatic carcinoma.
  • [MeSH-major] Adenocarcinoma / drug therapy. Antimetabolites, Antineoplastic / therapeutic use. Benzoates / therapeutic use. Deoxycytidine / analogs & derivatives. Pancreatic Neoplasms / drug therapy

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  • (PMID = 19672152.001).
  • [ISSN] 1528-9117
  • [Journal-full-title] Cancer journal (Sudbury, Mass.)
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Cancer J
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Clinical Trial, Phase II; Journal Article; Randomized Controlled Trial; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Antimetabolites, Antineoplastic; 0 / Benzoates; 0 / LY 293111; 0 / Receptors, Leukotriene B4; 0W860991D6 / Deoxycytidine; B76N6SBZ8R / gemcitabine
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46. Kayacetin E, Yol S, Kayacetin S: Giant aneurysm of the splenic artery adherent to the pancreas with splenic infarct: report of a case. Acta Chir Belg; 2006 May-Jun;106(3):348-50
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  • [Title] Giant aneurysm of the splenic artery adherent to the pancreas with splenic infarct: report of a case.
  • We present a case of a 9 cm giant splenic artery aneurysm tightly adherent to the pancreas which was treated surgically.
  • [MeSH-major] Aneurysm / diagnosis. Splenic Artery / surgery. Splenic Infarction / diagnosis

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  • (PMID = 16910011.001).
  • [ISSN] 0001-5458
  • [Journal-full-title] Acta chirurgica Belgica
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Acta Chir. Belg.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Belgium
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47. Patel VG, Eltayeb OM, Zakaria M, Fortson JK, Weaver WL: Spontaneous subcapsular splenic hematoma: a rare complication of pancreatitis. Am Surg; 2005 Dec;71(12):1066-9
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  • Subcapsular hematoma of the spleen is a rare complication of pancreatitis despite its close proximity to the pancreas.
  • Pancreatic pseudocyst involving the tail of the pancreas may erode into the splenic hilum causing hilar vessel bleeding with subcapsular dissection and hematoma formation.
  • [MeSH-major] Gastrointestinal Hemorrhage / diagnosis. Hematoma / diagnosis. Pancreatic Pseudocyst / diagnosis. Pancreatitis / diagnosis. Splenic Rupture / diagnosis
  • [MeSH-minor] Abdominal Pain / diagnosis. Abdominal Pain / etiology. Adult. Follow-Up Studies. Hemodynamics / physiology. Humans. Magnetic Resonance Imaging. Male. Remission, Spontaneous. Risk Assessment. Tomography, X-Ray Computed. Ultrasonography, Doppler


48. Meuth-Metzinger VL, Philouze-Rome V, Metzinger L, Gespach C, Guilloteau P: Differential activation of adenylate cyclase by secretin and VIP receptors in the calf pancreas. Pancreas; 2005 Aug;31(2):174-81
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  • [Title] Differential activation of adenylate cyclase by secretin and VIP receptors in the calf pancreas.
  • OBJECTIVE: Secretin is a key regulator of pancreatic secretion, but the molecular basis of its action is not well understood, especially in the calf pancreas.
  • Our study investigated the expression and functional competence of secretin receptors (SEC-R) in calf pancreatic membranes.
  • RESULTS: We successfully amplified, by reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction, a fragment of the SEC-R gene from 119-day-old calf pancreas.
  • Accordingly, secretin stimulates AC activity in calf pancreatic membranes isolated from 28- and 119-day-old animals with a potency (Ka) of 1.9 to 2.7 nmol/L.
  • CONCLUSION: Our data indicate that secretin exerts a direct action on pancreatic secretion through specific SEC-R coupled to the AC system.
  • Calf pancreatic SEC-Rs are coexpressed with VIP-2 receptors that we previously identified by ligand binding and cross-linking experiments.
  • [MeSH-major] Adenylyl Cyclases / metabolism. Pancreas / metabolism. Receptors, G-Protein-Coupled / genetics. Receptors, Gastrointestinal Hormone / genetics. Receptors, Vasoactive Intestinal Peptide, Type II / metabolism. Receptors, Vasoactive Intestinal Polypeptide, Type I / metabolism. Secretin / metabolism

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  • (PMID = 16025005.001).
  • [ISSN] 1536-4828
  • [Journal-full-title] Pancreas
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Pancreas
  • [Language] eng
  • [Databank-accession-numbers] GENBANK/ AF118556
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Pituitary Adenylate Cyclase-Activating Polypeptide; 0 / Receptors, G-Protein-Coupled; 0 / Receptors, Gastrointestinal Hormone; 0 / Receptors, Vasoactive Intestinal Peptide, Type II; 0 / Receptors, Vasoactive Intestinal Polypeptide, Type I; 0 / secretin receptor; 1393-25-5 / Secretin; 37221-79-7 / Vasoactive Intestinal Peptide; EC 4.6.1.1 / Adenylyl Cyclases
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49. Newman SJ, Steiner JM, Woosley K, Williams DA, Barton L: Histologic assessment and grading of the exocrine pancreas in the dog. J Vet Diagn Invest; 2006 Jan;18(1):115-8
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  • [Title] Histologic assessment and grading of the exocrine pancreas in the dog.
  • Histologic grading schemes for canine inflammatory conditions are sparse, and in the case of the canine pancreas, have not been previously described.
  • In a previous study, we determined that histologic lesions of the exocrine pancreas occurred much more frequently than gross lesions.
  • The intention of the current study was to develop a histologic grading scheme for nonneoplastic lesions following extensive assessment of the exocrine pancreas from dogs presented for necropsy examination.
  • The parameters of the proposed scheme include neutrophilic inflammation, lymphocytic inflammation, pancreatic necrosis, pancreatic fat necrosis, edema, fibrosis, atrophy, and hyperplastic nodules.
  • In this case series, the most common lesion was pancreatic hyperplastic nodules (80.2%), followed by lymphocytic inflammation (52.5%), fibrosis (49.5%), atrophy (46.5%), neutrophilic inflammation (31.7%), pancreatic fat necrosis (25.7%), pancreatic necrosis (16.8%), and edema (9.9%).
  • Neutrophilic inflammation, when present, was often associated with necrosis (pancreatic necrosis, pancreatic fat necrosis, or both) and occasionally with hyperplastic nodules.
  • The utilization of a grading scheme for exocrine pancreatic lesions will be useful in advancing the classification of exocrine pancreatic disease in the dog, which may lead to multicenter studies of exocrine pancreatic disorders in the dog and in other species.
  • [MeSH-major] Dog Diseases / pathology. Pancreas, Exocrine / pathology. Pancreatitis / veterinary

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  • (PMID = 16566269.001).
  • [ISSN] 1040-6387
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of veterinary diagnostic investigation : official publication of the American Association of Veterinary Laboratory Diagnosticians, Inc
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Vet. Diagn. Invest.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] United States
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50. Bindi ML, Biancofiore G, Meacci L, Bellissima G, Nardi S, Pieri M, Vistoli F, Boggi U, Sansevero A, Mosca F: Early morbidity after pancreas transplantation. Transpl Int; 2005 Dec;18(12):1356-60
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  • [Title] Early morbidity after pancreas transplantation.
  • This study aims to evaluate and compare the early outcome of both pancreas-alone transplantation (PTA) and simultaneous kidney-pancreas transplantation (SPKT) focusing on the complications affecting the first month after the procedures.
  • [MeSH-major] Kidney Transplantation / adverse effects. Kidney Transplantation / methods. Pancreas Transplantation / adverse effects. Pancreas Transplantation / methods

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  • (PMID = 16297054.001).
  • [ISSN] 0934-0874
  • [Journal-full-title] Transplant international : official journal of the European Society for Organ Transplantation
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Transpl. Int.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Germany
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Blood Glucose; 0 / Immunosuppressive Agents; 0 / Insulin
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51. Pekary AE, Stevens SA, Sattin A: Valproate and copper accelerate TRH-like peptide synthesis in male rat pancreas and reproductive tissues. Peptides; 2006 Nov;27(11):2901-11
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  • [Title] Valproate and copper accelerate TRH-like peptide synthesis in male rat pancreas and reproductive tissues.
  • Because high levels of TRH-like peptides occur in the pancreas and pGlu-Glu-Pro-NH(2) (Glu-TRH) has been shown to be a fertilization promoting peptide, we hypothesized that these peptides mediate some of the metabolic and reproductive side effects of Valp.
  • AC, CHR and WD treatments significantly altered TRH and/or TRH-like peptide levels in pancreas and reproductive tissues.
  • Phe-TRH, the most abundant TRH-like peptide in the pancreas, increased 4-fold with AC Valp.
  • Copper (500 microM) increased the in vitro C-terminal amidation of TRH-like peptides by 8- and 4-fold during 24 degrees C incubation of homogenates of pancreas and testis, respectively.
  • Valp (7 microM) accelerated 3-fold the processing of TRH and TRH-like peptide precursors in pancreatic LDCV's incubated at 24 degrees C.
  • [MeSH-major] Copper / pharmacology. Genitalia, Male / drug effects. Pancreas / drug effects. Peptides / metabolism. Thyrotropin-Releasing Hormone / metabolism. Valproic Acid / pharmacology

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  • (PMID = 16945452.001).
  • [ISSN] 0196-9781
  • [Journal-full-title] Peptides
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Peptides
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Blood Glucose; 0 / Peptides; 5Y5F15120W / Thyrotropin-Releasing Hormone; 614OI1Z5WI / Valproic Acid; 789U1901C5 / Copper
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52. Ablorsu E, Ghazanfar A, Mehra S, Campbell B, Riad H, Pararajasingam R, Parrott N, Picton M, Augustine T, Tavakoli A: Outcome of pancreas transplantation in recipients older than 50 years: a single-centre experience. Transplantation; 2008 Dec 15;86(11):1511-4
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  • [Title] Outcome of pancreas transplantation in recipients older than 50 years: a single-centre experience.
  • BACKGROUND: Pancreas transplantation (PT) remains the only treatment that can restore insulin independence among insulin-dependent diabetics.
  • So, as the incidence of other surgical complication in the more than or equal to 50 group compared with less than 50 (graft thrombosis 13% vs. 11.5%; bleeding 19% vs. 6.7%; abdominal abscess 23% vs. 19%; pancreatic leak 13% vs. 9.6%).
  • One-year patient survival was 88% in more than or equal to 50 vs. 92% in less than 50 group, P=0.399; and pancreas graft survival rate was similar (79% in the >or=50 and 74% in <50, P=0.399).
  • [MeSH-major] Pancreas Transplantation / methods

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  • (PMID = 19077882.001).
  • [ISSN] 1534-6080
  • [Journal-full-title] Transplantation
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Transplantation
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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53. Dixit R, Sharma S, Dave L: Massive haemothorax in asymptomatic pseudocyst pancreas. Lung India; 2008 Jul;25(3):126-8
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  • [Title] Massive haemothorax in asymptomatic pseudocyst pancreas.
  • The case of a 35-year old man who presented with massive left sided haemothorax as a complication of an asymtomatic pancreatic pseudocyst is descibed.
  • The diagnosis was confirmed by very high amylase content of the pleural fluid.
  • The complications of pancreatitis and pancreatic pseudocyst are also briefly discussed.
  • Haemothorax represents an unusual pulmonary complication of pseudocyst pancreas and should be considered in the differential diagnosis of pleural fluid collection in pancreatitis.

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  • (PMID = 20165665.001).
  • [ISSN] 0974-598X
  • [Journal-full-title] Lung India : official organ of Indian Chest Society
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Lung India
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] India
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC2822336
  • [Keywords] NOTNLM ; Haemothorax / Pseudocyst pancreas
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54. Fridell JA, Rogers J, Stratta RJ: The pancreas allograft donor: current status, controversies, and challenges for the future. Clin Transplant; 2010 Jul-Aug;24(4):433-49
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  • [Title] The pancreas allograft donor: current status, controversies, and challenges for the future.
  • The pancreas allograft is a scarce resource that is currently underutilized.
  • The selection of appropriate deceased donors for pancreas procurement is of paramount importance for minimizing technical failure and optimizing long-term outcomes in pancreas transplantation.
  • Despite the increasing demand for pancreas transplantation, increases in overall organ donation rates and the evolution of criteria that constitute an "acceptable" pancreas donor, the number of deceased donor pancreas transplants being performed in the United States has actually declined in recent years.
  • Although there are many factors that must be considered during evaluation of the potential pancreas allograft donor to minimize morbidity and graft loss, it is evident that there are transplantable organs that are not used.
  • In this review, deceased donor pancreas identification, management, selection, allocation, assessment, preservation, and the problem of pancreas underutilization will be discussed.
  • [MeSH-major] Pancreas Transplantation / trends. Tissue Donors

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  • [Copyright] © 2010 John Wiley & Sons A/S.
  • (PMID = 20384731.001).
  • [ISSN] 1399-0012
  • [Journal-full-title] Clinical transplantation
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Clin Transplant
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] Denmark
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55. Bradley SP, Kowalik TF, Rastellini C, da Costa MA, Bloomenthal AB, Cicalese L, Basadonna GP, Uknis ME: Successful incorporation of short-interfering RNA into islet cells by in situ perfusion. Transplant Proc; 2005 Jan-Feb;37(1):233-6
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  • We describe the first successful introduction of siRNA directly into pancreatic islet cells both during in situ perfusion and from intravenous tail vein injection (in vivo).
  • METHODS: siRNA was targeted to the pancreatic islets of BALB/c mice by retrograde portal vein perfusion or tail vein injection.
  • After delivery pancreata were placed in cold storage at 4 degrees C in UW solution for 24 hours, followed by processing for immunofluorescent staining for insulin.
  • RESULTS: In situ delivery of siRNA was demonstrated by fluorescent imaging composites of (red) siRNA in and along (green) insulin stained islets from pancreas sections as compared with untreated control sections.
  • The siRNA was detected mainly in and along venous structures throughout the pancreatic tissue.
  • CONCLUSIONS: We have described the successful delivery of siRNA to pancreatic islets via a novel in situ pancreas perfusion technique and in vivo delivery via tail vein injection.

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  • (PMID = 15808605.001).
  • [ISSN] 0041-1345
  • [Journal-full-title] Transplantation proceedings
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Transplant. Proc.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Insulin; 0 / Organ Preservation Solutions; 0 / RNA, Small Interfering; 0 / University of Wisconsin-lactobionate solution; 63CZ7GJN5I / Allopurinol; GAN16C9B8O / Glutathione; K72T3FS567 / Adenosine; N5O3QU595M / Raffinose
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56. Dalla Valle R, Capocasale E, Mazzoni MP, Busi N, Piazza P, Benozzi L, Sianesi M: Embolization of a ruptured pseudoaneurysm with massive hemorrhage following pancreas transplantation: a case report. Transplant Proc; 2005 Jun;37(5):2275-7
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  • [Title] Embolization of a ruptured pseudoaneurysm with massive hemorrhage following pancreas transplantation: a case report.
  • We report a case of an arterioduodenal fistula related to a ruptured pseudoaneurysm after simultaneous pancreas-kidney transplantation (SPK) with massive gastrointestinal hemorrhage treated by embolization of the Y graft.
  • No rejection episodes were documented; the patient was discharged with normal pancreatic and renal function.
  • Few reports exist in the literature regarding the development of a pseudoaneurysm after pancreas transplantation.
  • [MeSH-major] Aneurysm, False / etiology. Aneurysm, Ruptured / etiology. Diabetes Mellitus, Type 1 / surgery. Embolization, Therapeutic. Gastrointestinal Hemorrhage / etiology. Pancreas Transplantation / adverse effects


57. Hayata T, Blitz IL, Iwata N, Cho KW: Identification of embryonic pancreatic genes using Xenopus DNA microarrays. Dev Dyn; 2009 Jun;238(6):1455-66
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  • [Title] Identification of embryonic pancreatic genes using Xenopus DNA microarrays.
  • The pancreas is both an exocrine and endocrine endodermal organ involved in digestion and glucose homeostasis.
  • During embryogenesis, the anlagen of the pancreas arise from dorsal and ventral evaginations of the foregut that later fuse to form a single organ.
  • To better understand the molecular genetics of early pancreas development, we sought to isolate markers that are uniquely expressed in this tissue.
  • Microarray analysis was performed comparing dissected pancreatic buds, liver buds, and the stomach region of tadpole stage Xenopus embryos.
  • K-means clustering analysis predicted 120 of these genes to be specifically enriched in the pancreas.
  • Our analyses implicate the involvement of previously unsuspected signaling pathways during early pancreas development.
  • [MeSH-major] Oligonucleotide Array Sequence Analysis. Pancreas. Xenopus laevis

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  • (PMID = 19191222.001).
  • [ISSN] 1058-8388
  • [Journal-full-title] Developmental dynamics : an official publication of the American Association of Anatomists
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Dev. Dyn.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Grant] United States / NICHD NIH HHS / HD / R01 HD029507; United States / NICHD NIH HHS / HD / R01 HD056219
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Biomarkers; 0 / Frizzled Receptors; 0 / Hedgehog Proteins; 0 / Immunoglobulin J Recombination Signal Sequence-Binding Protein; 0 / Receptors, G-Protein-Coupled; 0 / Wnt Proteins; 0 / Xenopus Proteins; 0 / fzd10a protein, Xenopus; 62031-54-3 / Fibroblast Growth Factors
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ NIHMS283451; NLM/ PMC4203858
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58. Pogue BW, Samkoe KS, Hextrum S, O'Hara JA, Jermyn M, Srinivasan S, Hasan T: Imaging targeted-agent binding in vivo with two probes. J Biomed Opt; 2010 May-Jun;15(3):030513
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  • Images of a binding rate constant are created that reveal lower than expected uptake of epidermal growth factor in an orthotopic xenograft pancreas tumor (2.3 x 10(-5) s(-1)), as compared to the normal pancreas (3.4 x 10(-5) s(-1)).
  • This approach allows noninvasive assessment of tumor receptor targeting in vivo to determine the expected contrast, spatial localization, and efficacy in therapeutic agent delivery.

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  • (PMID = 20614996.001).
  • [ISSN] 1560-2281
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of biomedical optics
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Biomed Opt
  • [Language] ENG
  • [Grant] United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / P01 CA084203; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / R01 CA109558; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / P01CA84203; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / R01CA109558
  • [Publication-type] Letter; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Fluorescent Dyes; 62229-50-9 / Epidermal Growth Factor
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC2909298
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59. Novellas S, Chevallier P, Saint Paul MC, Gugenheim J, Bruneton JN: MRI features of a pancreatic schwannoma. Clin Imaging; 2005 Nov-Dec;29(6):434-6
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  • [Title] MRI features of a pancreatic schwannoma.
  • A case of a pancreatic schwannoma is presented.
  • The patient, a previously healthy woman, is hospitalized with the diagnosis of purulent pleuritis.
  • Ultrasonography (US) of the abdomen shows a 3-cm mass in the head of the pancreas.
  • A duodenopancreatotomy is performed, and the pathologic specimen demonstrates a schwannoma of the pancreas with Antoni A pattern.
  • [MeSH-major] Neurilemmoma / diagnosis. Pancreatic Neoplasms / diagnosis
  • [MeSH-minor] Contrast Media. Diagnosis, Differential. Female. Gadolinium DTPA. Humans. Magnetic Resonance Imaging. Middle Aged

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  • (PMID = 16274899.001).
  • [ISSN] 0899-7071
  • [Journal-full-title] Clinical imaging
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Clin Imaging
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Contrast Media; K2I13DR72L / Gadolinium DTPA
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60. Ibis C, Albayrak D, Altan A: Primary hydatid disease of pancreas mimicking cystic neoplasm. South Med J; 2009 May;102(5):529-30
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  • [Title] Primary hydatid disease of pancreas mimicking cystic neoplasm.
  • Primary hydatid disease of the pancreas is very rare.
  • We report a 33-year-old female who was admitted to the hospital with abdominal discomfort due to the pancreatic mass.
  • A diagnosis of a pancreatic cystic mass was established through abdominal ultrasonography and computed tomography scan.
  • Hydatid disease as well as a cystic neoplasm of the pancreas were both thought in the differential diagnosis.
  • The histopathologic evaluation of the specimen revealed a hydatid cyst affecting the tail of the pancreas.
  • Hydatid disease should be considered in the differential diagnosis of all cystic masses of the pancreas, especially in endemic regions.
  • [MeSH-major] Echinococcosis / diagnosis. Pancreatic Diseases / diagnosis
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Diagnosis, Differential. Female. Humans. Tomography, X-Ray Computed

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  • (PMID = 19373169.001).
  • [ISSN] 1541-8243
  • [Journal-full-title] Southern medical journal
  • [ISO-abbreviation] South. Med. J.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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61. Szmidt J, Gałazka Z, Frunze S, Grochowiecki T, Nazarewski S, Durlik M, Jakimowicz T, Wojtaszek M, Grygiel K, Paczek L: Secondary kidney transplantation in a patient 16 years after simultaneous pancreas and kidney transplantation--a case report. Ann Transplant; 2006;11(1):40-2
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  • [Title] Secondary kidney transplantation in a patient 16 years after simultaneous pancreas and kidney transplantation--a case report.
  • Simultaneous pancreas and kidney transplantation (spktx) is currently the most effective method of treatment of type 1 diabetes complicated by renal insufficiency.
  • [MeSH-major] Kidney Transplantation / physiology. Pancreas Transplantation / physiology. Reoperation


62. Mirarchi M, De Raffele E, Lega S, Calculli L, Vaccari S, Cola B: [Synchronous adenocarcinoma of the sigmoid colon and multifocal intraductal papillary mucinous neoplasm of the pancreas in an elderly patient]. Chir Ital; 2009 May-Jun;61(3):357-67
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  • [Title] [Synchronous adenocarcinoma of the sigmoid colon and multifocal intraductal papillary mucinous neoplasm of the pancreas in an elderly patient].
  • [Transliterated title] Adenocarcinoma del colon e neoplasia papillare intraduttale mucinosa multifocale sincrona del pancreas in un paziente anziano: caso clinico e revisione della letteratura.
  • Intraductal papillary mucinous neoplasms are a well-recognized pathologic entity of the pancreas that is being reported with increasing frequency.
  • A 78-year-old man presented with rectal bleeding which led to the diagnosis of a stenosing adenocarcinoma of the sigmoid colon.
  • No metastatic lesions were present but a 30 mm intraductal papillary mucinous neoplasm with mural nodules was detected in the uncinate process of the pancreas.
  • Histology showed a combined-type intraductal papillary mucinous neoplasm with foci of non-invasive carcinoma.
  • The co-existence of a potentially malignant pancreatic tumour with an extra-pancreatic overt malignancy in elderly patients poses difficulties in the attempt to cure the patient with minimal morbidity.
  • In the present case we considered a staged surgical procedure with the aim of reducing the perioperative risk, since the excision of the pancreatic neoplasm required a pancreaticoduodenectomy in an elderly patient.
  • [MeSH-major] Adenocarcinoma / pathology. Adenocarcinoma, Mucinous / pathology. Adenocarcinoma, Papillary / pathology. Carcinoma, Pancreatic Ductal / pathology. Neoplasms, Multiple Primary / pathology. Pancreatic Neoplasms / pathology. Sigmoid Neoplasms / pathology
  • [MeSH-minor] Aged. Colectomy / methods. Humans. Male. Neoplasm Staging. Pancreaticoduodenectomy / methods. Treatment Outcome

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  • (PMID = 19694240.001).
  • [ISSN] 0009-4773
  • [Journal-full-title] Chirurgia italiana
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Chir Ital
  • [Language] ita
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Italy
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63. Kanno A, Satoh K, Hirota M, Hamada S, Umino J, Itoh H, Masamune A, Asakura T, Shimosegawa T: Prediction of invasive carcinoma in branch type intraductal papillary mucinous neoplasms of the pancreas. J Gastroenterol; 2010 Sep;45(9):952-9
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  • [Title] Prediction of invasive carcinoma in branch type intraductal papillary mucinous neoplasms of the pancreas.
  • BACKGROUND: Patients with branch duct type intraductal papillary mucinous neoplasm (BD-IPMN) without invasion usually show favorable prognosis.
  • In addition, recent studies have revealed that BD-IPMN is frequently complicated by common type pancreatic ductal carcinoma.
  • METHODS: Invasive pancreatic carcinoma associating with BD-IPMN was classified as invasive IPMN group (invasive carcinoma derived directly from IPMN lesions) and concomitant group (common type of invasive carcinoma concomitant with BD-IPMN).
  • Diameter of dilated branch (P < 0.001) or main pancreatic duct (MPD) (P = 0.001), size of mural nodule (P < 0.001), serum CEA level (P < 0.001) and serum CA19-9 level (P < 0.001) were factors associated significantly with invasive IPMN by univariate analysis.
  • CONCLUSIONS: Our results suggested that careful imaging study of the entire pancreas in addition to tumor lesions and measurement of serum CEA and CA19-9 would be required to find out the development of the two types of invasive carcinoma in BD-IPMN.
  • [MeSH-major] Adenocarcinoma, Mucinous / pathology. Adenocarcinoma, Papillary / pathology. Carcinoma, Pancreatic Ductal / pathology. Pancreatic Neoplasms / pathology
  • [MeSH-minor] Aged. Aged, 80 and over. CA-19-9 Antigen / blood. Carcinoembryonic Antigen / blood. Disease Progression. Female. Follow-Up Studies. Humans. Male. Middle Aged. Neoplasm Invasiveness. Prognosis. Retrospective Studies. Risk Factors

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  • (PMID = 20383536.001).
  • [ISSN] 1435-5922
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of gastroenterology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Gastroenterol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
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64. Flamez D, Roland I, Berton A, Kutlu B, Dufrane D, Beckers MC, De Waele E, Rooman I, Bouwens L, Clark A, Lonneux M, Jamar JF, Goldman S, Maréchal D, Goodman N, Gianello P, Van Huffel C, Salmon I, Eizirik DL: A genomic-based approach identifies FXYD domain containing ion transport regulator 2 (FXYD2)gammaa as a pancreatic beta cell-specific biomarker. Diabetologia; 2010 Jul;53(7):1372-83
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  • [Title] A genomic-based approach identifies FXYD domain containing ion transport regulator 2 (FXYD2)gammaa as a pancreatic beta cell-specific biomarker.
  • AIMS/HYPOTHESIS: Non-invasive imaging of the pancreatic beta cell mass (BCM) requires the identification of novel and specific beta cell biomarkers.
  • For four of the proteins we selected or produced antibodies targeting specifically the human proteins and their splice variants; all four candidates were confirmed as islet-specific in human pancreas.
  • Two splice variants of FXYD domain containing ion transport regulator 2 (FXYD2), a regulating subunit of the Na(+)-K(+)-ATPase, were identified as preferentially present in human pancreatic islets.
  • The presence of FXYD2gammaa was restricted to pancreatic islets and selectively detected in pancreatic beta cells.
  • Analysis of human fetal pancreas samples showed the presence of FXYD2gammaa at an early stage (15 weeks).
  • Histological examination of pancreatic sections from individuals with type 1 diabetes or sections from pancreases of streptozotocin-treated Macacus cynomolgus monkeys indicated a close correlation between loss of FXYD2gammaa and loss of insulin-positive cells.


65. Ikemoto T, Noguchi H, Shimoda M, Naziruddin B, Jackson A, Tamura Y, Fujita Y, Onaca N, Levy MF, Matsumoto S: Islet cell transplantation for the treatment of type 1 diabetes in the USA. J Hepatobiliary Pancreat Surg; 2009;16(2):118-23
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  • ICTx requires complex procedures, including pancreas procurement and preservation; pancreas digestion; islet purification; and transplantation.
  • A new preservation strategy for pancreata and pancreatic ducts using ET-Kyoto solution as well as a new islet purification method using iodixanol has substantially improved islet yields.


66. Dotta F, Galleri L, Sebastiani G, Vendrame F: Virus infections: lessons from pancreas histology. Curr Diab Rep; 2010 Oct;10(5):357-61
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  • [Title] Virus infections: lessons from pancreas histology.
  • Type 1 diabetes mellitus is a chronic autoimmune disease resulting from the progressive immune-mediated destruction of pancreatic beta cells in genetically susceptible individuals, with the likely contribution of environmental factors, among which viruses have been extensively studied.
  • We review the recent literature on the viral contribution to beta-cell destruction and dysfunction in type 1 diabetes, with particular reference to the pathology of the pancreatic islet in humans and in animal models of the disease.
  • [MeSH-major] Pancreas / pathology. Pancreas / virology. Virus Diseases / pathology

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  • (PMID = 20665131.001).
  • [ISSN] 1539-0829
  • [Journal-full-title] Current diabetes reports
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Curr. Diab. Rep.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't; Review
  • [Publication-country] United States
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67. Meier R, Ockenga J, Pertkiewicz M, Pap A, Milinic N, Macfie J, DGEM (German Society for Nutritional Medicine), Löser C, Keim V, ESPEN (European Society for Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition): ESPEN Guidelines on Enteral Nutrition: Pancreas. Clin Nutr; 2006 Apr;25(2):275-84
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  • [Title] ESPEN Guidelines on Enteral Nutrition: Pancreas.
  • The two major forms of inflammatory pancreatic diseases, acute and chronic pancreatitis, require different approaches in nutritional management, which are presented in the present guideline.
  • In chronic pancreatitis more than 80% of patients can be treated adequately with normal food supplemented by pancreatic enzymes.

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  • (PMID = 16678943.001).
  • [ISSN] 0261-5614
  • [Journal-full-title] Clinical nutrition (Edinburgh, Scotland)
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Clin Nutr
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Consensus Development Conference; Journal Article; Practice Guideline
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Number-of-references] 78
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68. Kraemer A, Lewin M, Balladur P, Mourra N, Tiret E, Paye F: [Autoimmune pancreatitis mimicking an intra-ductal papillary mucinous neoplasm of the pancreas: an original case]. Gastroenterol Clin Biol; 2008 Jun-Jul;32(6-7):635-9
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  • [Title] [Autoimmune pancreatitis mimicking an intra-ductal papillary mucinous neoplasm of the pancreas: an original case].
  • [Transliterated title] Pancréatite auto-immune mimant une tumeur intracanalaire papillaire et mucineuse : une observation originale et trompeuse.
  • It can be associated with diabetes mellitus and other systemic autoimmune diseases, or with bile ducts lesions, which are also responsive to steroid therapy as pancreatic lesions.
  • We report the case of a 34-year-old man with a history of a first acute pancreatitis, attributed to an intraductal papillary-mucinous neoplasm of the pancreas (IPMN) with segmental involvement of the main pancreatic duct.
  • To our knowledge, this is the first reported case of AIP mimicking IPMN of the main pancreatic duct.
  • [MeSH-major] Adenocarcinoma, Mucinous / diagnosis. Autoimmune Diseases / diagnosis. Carcinoma, Papillary / diagnosis. Pancreatic Neoplasms / diagnosis. Pancreatitis / diagnosis
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Diagnosis, Differential. Humans. Male


69. Tian JY, Li G, Gu YY, Zhang HL, Zhou WZ, Wang X, Zhu HD, Luo TH, Luo M: Role and mechanism of rosiglitazone on the impairment of insulin secretion induced by free fatty acids on isolated rat islets. Chin Med J (Engl); 2006 Apr 5;119(7):574-80
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  • BACKGROUND: Prolonged exposure of pancreatic beta-cells to fatty acids increases basal insulin secretion but inhibits glucose-stimulated insulin secretion.
  • METHODS: Pancreatic islets were isolated from the pancreata of male Sprague-Dawley rats by the collagenase digestion and by the dextran gradient centrifugation method.
  • CONCLUSION: The protective effects of rosiglitazone on insulin secretion of isolated pancreatic islets under chronic exposure to palmitate might be mediated through the downregulation of UCP-2 expression.

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  • (PMID = 16620699.001).
  • [ISSN] 0366-6999
  • [Journal-full-title] Chinese medical journal
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Chin. Med. J.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] China
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Fatty Acids, Nonesterified; 0 / Hypoglycemic Agents; 0 / Insulin; 0 / Ion Channels; 0 / Membrane Transport Proteins; 0 / Mitochondrial Proteins; 0 / PPAR gamma; 0 / RNA, Messenger; 0 / Thiazolidinediones; 0 / mitochondrial uncoupling protein 2; 05V02F2KDG / rosiglitazone
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70. Melcher ML, Olson JL, Baxter-Lowe LA, Stock PG, Posselt AM: Antibody-mediated rejection of a pancreas allograft. Am J Transplant; 2006 Feb;6(2):423-8
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  • [Title] Antibody-mediated rejection of a pancreas allograft.
  • The role of antibody-mediated rejection (AMR) in pancreas transplantation is poorly understood.
  • Here, we report on a patient who developed AMR of his pancreas allograft after receiving a simultaneous pancreas-kidney transplant.
  • A pancreatic biopsy at this time showed no cellular infiltrate but strong immunofluorescent staining for C4d in the interacinar capillaries.
  • He received intravenous immunoglobulin (IVIg), rituximab and plasmapheresis, and his pancreatic function normalized.
  • We conclude that clinically significant AMR can develop in a pancreas allograft and recommend that pancreatic biopsies be assessed for C4d deposition if the patient has risk factors for AMR and/or the pathologic evidence for cell-mediated rejection is underwhelming.

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  • (PMID = 16426331.001).
  • [ISSN] 1600-6135
  • [Journal-full-title] American journal of transplantation : official journal of the American Society of Transplantation and the American Society of Transplant Surgeons
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Am. J. Transplant.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Denmark
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Isoantibodies
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71. Colović R, Grubor N, Misev M, Jovanović M, Radak V: [Fibromyxoid sarcoma of the pancreas]. Srp Arh Celok Lek; 2008 Mar-Apr;136(3-4):158-61
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  • [Title] [Fibromyxoid sarcoma of the pancreas].
  • INTRODUCTION: Fibromyxoid sarcoma is a rare mesenchymal neoplasm, usually appearing in the soft tissue of the extremities, less frequently in the groin, trunk, neck, and upper extremities.
  • Within the abdomen, the tumour is usually localised within the retroperitoneum.
  • CASE OUTLINE: We present a 56-year-old woman in whom, during the routinely performed investigation for atacks of choking with lots of bronchial secretion, and arterial hypertension, an ultrasonographer found a tumour within the head of the pancreas 6 x 6 cm in diameter.
  • At operation, a dark pink, lobulated soft tumour, surrounded by a tiny capsule, clearly different from the completely normal pancreatic tissue of the posterior side of the head of the pancreas, was easily and ideally excised.
  • The histology of the 80 g weighing tumour showed a circumscribed fibromyxoid sarcoma of low malignancy.
  • CONCLUSION: Primary sarcomas of the pancreas are very rare, but should be considered in differential diagnosis of pancreatic neoplasms.
  • To the best of our knowledge, there has been no previously described fibromyxoid sarcoma of the pancreas.
  • [MeSH-major] Fibrosarcoma / diagnosis. Pancreatic Neoplasms / diagnosis

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  • (PMID = 18720751.001).
  • [ISSN] 0370-8179
  • [Journal-full-title] Srpski arhiv za celokupno lekarstvo
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Srp Arh Celok Lek
  • [Language] srp
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Serbia
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72. Kardel E, Gołabek K, Kostro JZ, Sledziński Z: Mucinous cystadenocarcinomas of the pancreas. Hepatogastroenterology; 2008 Mar-Apr;55(82-83):692-4
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  • [Title] Mucinous cystadenocarcinomas of the pancreas.
  • BACKGROUND/AIMS: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the clinicopathologic characteristics, diagnosis and treatment of mucinous cystadenocarcinomas (MCACs) of the pancreas.
  • METHODOLOGY: This is a retrospective review of 6 patients who underwent curative resection for MCACs of the pancreas in the Department of General Endocrine and Transplantation Surgery, Medical University of Gdańsk from 1994-2004.
  • Three endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatographys (ERCPs) were unhelpful in differentiating between malignant tumor and benign lesion.
  • CONCLUSIONS: Diagnostic accuracy for cystic pancreatic neoplasm is still limited.
  • [MeSH-major] Cystadenocarcinoma, Mucinous. Pancreatic Neoplasms

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  • (PMID = 18613435.001).
  • [ISSN] 0172-6390
  • [Journal-full-title] Hepato-gastroenterology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Hepatogastroenterology
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Greece
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73. Li Z, Korzh V, Gong Z: DTA-mediated targeted ablation revealed differential interdependence of endocrine cell lineages in early development of zebrafish pancreas. Differentiation; 2009 Nov;78(4):241-52
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  • [Title] DTA-mediated targeted ablation revealed differential interdependence of endocrine cell lineages in early development of zebrafish pancreas.
  • In order to study the zebrafish endocrine pancreas cell lineage, transgenic expression of diphtheria toxin gene A chain (DTA) under two cell type-specific promoters derived from the insulin (ins) and somatostatin2 (sst2) genes was used to ablate the two types of endocrine cells: insulin-producing beta-cells and somatostatin-producing delta-cells, respectively.
  • [MeSH-major] Glucagon-Secreting Cells / metabolism. Islets of Langerhans / cytology. Pancreas / cytology. Somatostatin-Secreting Cells / metabolism. Zebrafish / genetics

  • ZFIN. ZFIN .
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  • (PMID = 19553000.001).
  • [ISSN] 1432-0436
  • [Journal-full-title] Differentiation; research in biological diversity
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Differentiation
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Diphtheria Toxin; 0 / Insulin; 0 / Peptide Fragments; 0 / diphtheria toxin fragment A; 147336-22-9 / Green Fluorescent Proteins; 51110-01-1 / Somatostatin
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74. Junior RF, Kubrusly MS, Bellodi-Privato M, Molan NA, Machado MC, D'Albuquerque LA: Beneficial effects of N-acetyl cysteine on pancreas and kidney following experimental pancreatic ischemia-reperfusion in rats. Clinics (Sao Paulo); 2010 Mar;65(3):311-6
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  • [Title] Beneficial effects of N-acetyl cysteine on pancreas and kidney following experimental pancreatic ischemia-reperfusion in rats.
  • OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the protective effects of N-acetyl cysteine on the pancreas and kidney after pancreatic ischemia reperfusion injury in a rat model.
  • METHODS AND MATERIALS: Pancreatic ischemia reperfusion was performed in Wistar rats for 1 hour.
  • A total of 24 animals were divided into four groups: Group 1: sham; Group 2: pancreatic ischemia reperfusion without treatment; Group 3: pancreatic ischemia reperfusion plus N-acetyl cysteine intravenously; and Group 4: pancreatic ischemia reperfusion plus N-acetyl cysteine per os.
  • RESULTS: There were significant differences in amylase levels between Group 1 (6.11+/-0.55) and Group 2 (10.30+/-0.50) [p=0.0002] as well as between Group 2 (10.30+/-0.50) and Group 4 (7.82+/-0.38) [p=0.003]; creatinine levels between Group 1 (0.52 +/- 0.07) and Group 2 (0.77+/-0.18) [p=0.035] as well as between Group 2 (0.77+/-0.18) and Group 3 (0.48+/-0.13) [p=0.012]; and pancreatic tissue thiobarbituric acid reactive substance levels between Group 1 (1.27+/-0.96) and Group 2 (2.60+/-3.01) [p=0.026] as well as between Group 2 (2.60+/-3.01) and Group 4 (0.52+/-0.56) [p=0.002].
  • A decrease in pancreatic tissue GST-alpha3 gene expression was observed in Group 2 in comparison to Group 1 (p =0.006), and an increase was observed in Groups 3 and 4 when compared to Group 2 (p= 0.025 and p=0.010, respectively).
  • CONCLUSION: This study provides evidence that N-acetyl cysteine has a beneficial effect on pancreatic ischemia reperfusion injury and renal function in a rat model.
  • [MeSH-major] Acetylcysteine / pharmacology. Kidney / drug effects. Pancreas / drug effects. Reperfusion Injury / drug therapy

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  • (PMID = 20360923.001).
  • [ISSN] 1980-5322
  • [Journal-full-title] Clinics (São Paulo, Brazil)
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Clinics (Sao Paulo)
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Brazil
  • [Chemical-registry-number] EC 2.5.1.18 / Glutathione Transferase; WYQ7N0BPYC / Acetylcysteine
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC2845773
  • [Keywords] NOTNLM ; Ischemia / N-Acetyl Cysteine / Pancreas / Reperfusion / Transplantation
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75. Rautou PE, Lévy P, Vullierme MP, O'Toole D, Couvelard A, Cazals-Hatem D, Palazzo L, Aubert A, Sauvanet A, Hammel P, Hentic O, Rebours V, Pelletier AL, Maire F, Ruszniewski P: Morphologic changes in branch duct intraductal papillary mucinous neoplasms of the pancreas: a midterm follow-up study. Clin Gastroenterol Hepatol; 2008 Jul;6(7):807-14
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  • [Title] Morphologic changes in branch duct intraductal papillary mucinous neoplasms of the pancreas: a midterm follow-up study.
  • BACKGROUND & AIMS: Because there is a low risk of malignancy for intraductal papillary and mucinous neoplasms of the pancreas (IPMNs) confined to branch ducts (BD), patient follow-up evaluation without surgery is possible.
  • METHODS: All consecutive patients seen from 1999 to 2005 with highly suspected IPMNs confined to BD without criteria suggesting a malignant development (mural nodule, cyst wall thickness >2 mm, BD diameter >30 mm, or main pancreatic duct involvement) were followed up prospectively using computerized tomography, magnetic resonance cholangiopancreatography, and endoscopic ultrasonography.
  • [MeSH-major] Adenocarcinoma, Mucinous / pathology. Carcinoma, Pancreatic Ductal / pathology. Pancreatic Neoplasms / pathology

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  • [CommentIn] Clin Gastroenterol Hepatol. 2008 Jul;6(7):724-5 [18602034.001]
  • (PMID = 18304885.001).
  • [ISSN] 1542-7714
  • [Journal-full-title] Clinical gastroenterology and hepatology : the official clinical practice journal of the American Gastroenterological Association
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Clin. Gastroenterol. Hepatol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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76. Malek SK, Potdar S, Martin JA, Tublin M, Shapiro R, Fung JJ: Percutaneous ultrasound-guided pancreas allograft biopsy: a single-center experience. Transplant Proc; 2005 Dec;37(10):4436-7
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  • [Title] Percutaneous ultrasound-guided pancreas allograft biopsy: a single-center experience.
  • Percutaneous ultrasound-guided pancreas allograft biopsy is the preferred technique for evaluating pancreas allograft rejection.
  • Thirty-three patients received simultaneous pancreas and kidney transplants, 14 received isolated pancreas transplants, and 7 received a pancreas transplant after kidney transplantation.
  • Biopsies were performed by pancreas transplantation surgeons with the assistance of radiologists under ultrasound guidance using an Acuson XP 128/10 ultrasound machine.
  • Eighteen (15%) biopsy samples had no pancreatic tissue and showed surrounding fat and small bowel.
  • One (1.8%) patient had a pancreatic fistula, which healed with nonoperative management.
  • Percutaneous ultrasound-guided pancreas allograft biopsy is a safe procedure with a low complication rate and a high tissue yield for histopathologic examination.
  • [MeSH-major] Pancreas Transplantation / pathology. Ultrasonography
  • [MeSH-minor] Biopsy. Humans. Kidney Transplantation / pathology. Pancreas / pathology. Pancreas / ultrasonography. Retrospective Studies. Transplantation, Homologous / pathology

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  • (PMID = 16387139.001).
  • [ISSN] 0041-1345
  • [Journal-full-title] Transplantation proceedings
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Transplant. Proc.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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77. Mainra R, Elder GJ: Individualized therapy to prevent bone mineral density loss after kidney and kidney-pancreas transplantation. Clin J Am Soc Nephrol; 2010 Jan;5(1):117-24
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  • [Title] Individualized therapy to prevent bone mineral density loss after kidney and kidney-pancreas transplantation.
  • BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Most patients who undergo kidney or kidney-pancreas transplantation have renal osteodystrophy, and immediately after transplantation bone mineral density (BMD) commonly falls.
  • DESIGN, SETTING, PARTICIPANTS, & MEASUREMENTS: A total of 153 kidney (61%) and kidney-pancreas (39%) transplant recipients were allocated to bisphosphonate (62%) or calcitriol (38%) therapy using an algorithm that incorporated BMD, prevalent vertebral fracture, biomarkers of bone turnover, and risk factor assessment.
  • [MeSH-major] Bone Density. Bone Density Conservation Agents / therapeutic use. Calcitriol / therapeutic use. Diphosphonates / therapeutic use. Kidney Transplantation / adverse effects. Pancreas Transplantation / adverse effects

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  • (PMID = 19965527.001).
  • [ISSN] 1555-905X
  • [Journal-full-title] Clinical journal of the American Society of Nephrology : CJASN
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Clin J Am Soc Nephrol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Clinical Trial; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Bone Density Conservation Agents; 0 / Diphosphonates; FXC9231JVH / Calcitriol
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC2801646
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78. Cetingok M, Winsett RP, Russell CL, Hathaway DK: Relationships between sex, race, and social class and social support networks in kidney, liver, and pancreas transplant recipients. Prog Transplant; 2008 Jun;18(2):80-8
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  • [Title] Relationships between sex, race, and social class and social support networks in kidney, liver, and pancreas transplant recipients.
  • A total of 258 kidney, liver, and pancreas transplant recipients participated, 61% of whom were less than 50-years-old.
  • [MeSH-major] Kidney Transplantation / psychology. Liver Transplantation / psychology. Pancreas Transplantation / psychology. Social Class. Social Support


79. Koshinaga T, Hoshino M, Inoue M, Gotoh H, Sugito K, Ikeda T, Hagiwara N, Tomita R: Pancreatitis complicated with dilated choledochal remnant after congenital choledochal cyst excision. Pediatr Surg Int; 2005 Nov;21(11):936-8
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  • In these three cases, the choledochal remnant in the pancreas head was markedly dilated, probably because of an incomplete resection of the cyst at the primary operation, and an increase in intraluminal pressure of the pancreatic duct caused by a dynamic obstruction by a protein plug or a pancreatic calculus.
  • Complete cyst excision, including the choledochal wall in the pancreas, is therefore strongly recommended.
  • [MeSH-minor] Abdominal Pain / etiology. Adolescent. Adult. Dilatation, Pathologic. Female. Humans. Pancreas / diagnostic imaging. Tomography, X-Ray Computed

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80. Frossard JL, Quadri R, Hadengue A, Morel P, Pastor CM: Endothelial nitric oxide synthase regulation is altered in pancreas from cirrhotic rats. World J Gastroenterol; 2006 Jan 14;12(2):228-33
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  • [Title] Endothelial nitric oxide synthase regulation is altered in pancreas from cirrhotic rats.
  • AIM: To determine whether biliary cirrhosis could induce pancreatic dysfunction such as modifications in endothelial nitric oxide synthase(eNOS) expression and whether the regulation of eNOS could be altered by the regulatory proteins caveolin and heat shock protein 90 (Hsp90), as well as by the modifications of calmodulin binding to eNOS.
  • METHODS: Immunoprecipitations and Western blotting analysis were performed in pancreas isolated from sham and cirrhotic rats.
  • RESULTS: Pancreatic injury was minor in cirrhotic rats but eNOS expression importantly decreased with the length (and the severity) of the disease.
  • CONCLUSION: In biliary cirrhosis, pancreatic injury is minor but the pancreatic nitric oxide (NO) production is significantly decreased by two mechanisms: a decreased expression of the enzyme and a decreased binding of calmodulin to eNOS.
  • [MeSH-major] Liver Cirrhosis, Biliary / enzymology. Nitric Oxide Synthase Type III / analysis. Pancreas / enzymology

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  • (PMID = 16482622.001).
  • [ISSN] 1007-9327
  • [Journal-full-title] World journal of gastroenterology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] World J. Gastroenterol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] China
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Cav1 protein, rat; 0 / Caveolin 1; 0 / HSP90 Heat-Shock Proteins; EC 1.14.13.39 / Nitric Oxide Synthase Type III
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC4066031
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81. Al-Masri M, Krishnamurthy M, Li J, Fellows GF, Dong HH, Goodyer CG, Wang R: Effect of forkhead box O1 (FOXO1) on beta cell development in the human fetal pancreas. Diabetologia; 2010 Apr;53(4):699-711
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  • [Title] Effect of forkhead box O1 (FOXO1) on beta cell development in the human fetal pancreas.
  • However, the role of FOXO1 during pancreatic development remains largely unknown.
  • The present study aimed to characterise the expression of the FOXO1 transcription factor in the early to mid-gestation human fetal pancreas and to understand its role in islet cell development.
  • METHODS: Human (8-21 week fetal age) pancreases were examined using immunohistological, quantitative RT-PCR and western blotting.
  • RESULTS: Nuclear and cytoplasmic FOXO1 were widely produced during human fetal endocrine pancreatic development, co-localising in cells with the transcription factors pancreatic and duodenal homeobox 1 (PDX-1) and neurogenin 3 (NGN3) as well as cytokeratin 19 (CK19), insulin and glucagon.
  • CONCLUSIONS/INTERPRETATION: Our results indicate that FOXO1 may negatively regulate beta cell differentiation in the human fetal pancreas by controlling critical transcription factors, including NGN3 and NKX6-1.
  • [MeSH-major] Fetal Development / physiology. Forkhead Transcription Factors / genetics. Insulin-Secreting Cells / physiology. Pancreas / embryology

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  • (PMID = 20033803.001).
  • [ISSN] 1432-0428
  • [Journal-full-title] Diabetologia
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Diabetologia
  • [Language] eng
  • [Grant] Canada / Canadian Institutes of Health Research / /
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] Germany
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / FOXO1 protein, human; 0 / Forkhead Box Protein O1; 0 / Forkhead Transcription Factors; 0 / Insulin; 0 / RNA, Small Interfering; 0 / Transcription Factors; 9007-92-5 / Glucagon
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82. Smith GC, Trauer T, Kerr PG, Chadban SJ: Prospective quality-of-life monitoring of simultaneous pancreas and kidney transplant recipients using the 36-item short form health survey. Am J Kidney Dis; 2010 Apr;55(4):698-707
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Prospective quality-of-life monitoring of simultaneous pancreas and kidney transplant recipients using the 36-item short form health survey.
  • BACKGROUND: Few risk factors for quality-of-life outcomes of simultaneous pancreas and kidney transplant recipients are known because of a paucity of data from prospective studies.
  • PREDICTORS: Demographic data; pretransplant Transplant Evaluation Rating Scale scores; current, past 12 months, and prior lifetime psychiatric disorder.
  • RESULTS: 37 simultaneous pancreas and kidney transplant recipients were assessed pretransplant and at 4 months posttransplant.
  • Current psychiatric disorder at pretransplant evaluation predicted higher PCS scores at 4 months (P = 0.002; regression coefficient, -15.42 [95% CI, -24.6 to -6.2]; effect size, 0.22) and 1 year (P = 0.002; regression coefficient, -17.3 [95% CI, -27.9 to -6.7]; effect size, 0.29).
  • Psychiatric disorder before the 12 months before the pretransplant evaluation predicted lower PCS scores at 4 months posttransplant (P < 0.001; regression coefficient, 14.98 [95% CI, 7.1-22.8]; effect size, 0.29).
  • Past psychiatric disorder is a risk factor.
  • [MeSH-major] Kidney Transplantation. Pancreas Transplantation. Quality of Life

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  • [Copyright] Copyright 2010 National Kidney Foundation, Inc. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
  • (PMID = 20176426.001).
  • [ISSN] 1523-6838
  • [Journal-full-title] American journal of kidney diseases : the official journal of the National Kidney Foundation
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Am. J. Kidney Dis.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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83. Harries LW, Locke JM, Shields B, Hanley NA, Hanley KP, Steele A, Njølstad PR, Ellard S, Hattersley AT: The diabetic phenotype in HNF4A mutation carriers is moderated by the expression of HNF4A isoforms from the P1 promoter during fetal development. Diabetes; 2008 Jun;57(6):1745-52
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  • RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: We measured the expression of HNF4A isoforms in human adult tissues and gestationally staged fetal pancreas by isoform-specific real-time PCR.
  • The correlation between mutation position and age of diagnosis or age-related penetrance was assessed in a cohort of 190 patients with HNF4A mutations.
  • RESULTS: HNF4A was expressed exclusively from the P2 promoter in adult pancreas, but from 9 weeks until at least 26 weeks after conception, up to 23% of expression in fetal pancreas was of P1 origin.
  • In whole pancreas, HNF4A9 expression was greater than in islets isolated from the endocrine pancreas (relative level 22 vs. 7%).
  • CONCLUSIONS: We conclude that isoforms derived from the HNF4A P1 promoter are expressed in human fetal, but not adult, pancreas, and that their presence during pancreatic development may moderate the diabetic phenotype in individuals with mutations in the HNF4A gene.
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Aged. European Continental Ancestry Group. Female. Gene Expression Profiling. Humans. Kidney / physiology. Kidney / physiopathology. Male. Middle Aged. Pancreas / physiology. Pancreas / physiopathology. Polymerase Chain Reaction. Protein Isoforms / genetics

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  • [CommentIn] Diabetes. 2008 Jun;57(6):1461-2 [18511449.001]
  • (PMID = 18356407.001).
  • [ISSN] 1939-327X
  • [Journal-full-title] Diabetes
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Diabetes
  • [Language] eng
  • [Grant] United Kingdom / Wellcome Trust / / 081278/Z/06/Z
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / HNF4A protein, human; 0 / Hepatocyte Nuclear Factor 4; 0 / Protein Isoforms
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84. Naugler C, Xu Z: Pancreatic adenocarcinoma metastatic to the pineal gland. J Clin Neurosci; 2008 Nov;15(11):1284-6
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  • [Title] Pancreatic adenocarcinoma metastatic to the pineal gland.
  • Here we present the case of a 66-year-old female with autosomal dominant polycystic kidney and liver disease who was found at autopsy to have an unrecognized infiltrating ductal adenocarcinoma of the pancreas with metastases to the liver, lungs and pineal gland.
  • As far as we are aware, this is the first report of a metastasis of infiltrating ductal adenocarcinoma of the pancreas to the pineal gland.
  • [MeSH-major] Adenocarcinoma / pathology. Brain Neoplasms / secondary. Pancreatic Neoplasms / pathology. Pineal Gland. Pinealoma / secondary

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  • (PMID = 18829324.001).
  • [ISSN] 0967-5868
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of clinical neuroscience : official journal of the Neurosurgical Society of Australasia
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Clin Neurosci
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Scotland
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85. Atlas E, Nimri R, Miller S, Grunberg EA, Phillip M: MD-logic artificial pancreas system: a pilot study in adults with type 1 diabetes. Diabetes Care; 2010 May;33(5):1072-6
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] MD-logic artificial pancreas system: a pilot study in adults with type 1 diabetes.
  • OBJECTIVE: Current state-of-the-art artificial pancreas systems are either based on traditional linear control theory or rely on mathematical models of glucose-insulin dynamics.
  • The aim of this study was to describe the principles and clinical performance of the novel MD-Logic Artificial Pancreas (MDLAP) System.
  • [MeSH-major] Diabetes Mellitus, Type 1 / therapy. Fuzzy Logic. Models, Biological. Pancreas, Artificial. Prosthesis Design

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  • (PMID = 20150292.001).
  • [ISSN] 1935-5548
  • [Journal-full-title] Diabetes care
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Diabetes Care
  • [Language] eng
  • [Databank-accession-numbers] ClinicalTrials.gov/ NCT00541515
  • [Publication-type] Clinical Trial; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Blood Glucose
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC2858178
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86. Ramos O Jr, Leitão OR, Repka JC, Barros SG: [Experimental acute pancreatitis induced by L-arginine: a histological and biochemical evaluation]. Arq Gastroenterol; 2005 Jan-Mar;42(1):55-9
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  • BACKGROUND: Excessive doses of basic amino acids such as L-arginine are able to injure the pancreas of rats.
  • AIM: To describe and evaluate the biochemical and histological characteristics of acute pancreatitis in rats induced by L-arginine during the installation, development and repair stages of the pancreatic inflammatory process.
  • During those times, blood samples were collected for laboratory testing and samples from the pancreas were collected for an optical microscopy analysis.
  • In optical microscopy, after the injection of L-arginine, a pancreatic architecture histologically preserved was observed after 6 hours, evidencing an important interstitial edema in 24 hours.
  • The pancreatic structural reconstruction could be observed after 14 days.
  • Pancreatic histological changes were not found in the control group.
  • CONCLUSION: - Experimental acute pancreatitis induced by L-arginine leads to pancreatic necrosis showing self-limited evolution with pancreas regeneration in 2 weeks.

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  • (PMID = 15976912.001).
  • [ISSN] 0004-2803
  • [Journal-full-title] Arquivos de gastroenterologia
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Arq Gastroenterol
  • [Language] por
  • [Publication-type] English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Brazil
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 94ZLA3W45F / Arginine; EC 3.2.1.- / Amylases
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87. Choi CW, Kim GH, Kang DH, Kim HW, Kim DU, Heo J, Song GA, Park DY, Kim S: Associated factors for a hyperechogenic pancreas on endoscopic ultrasound. World J Gastroenterol; 2010 Sep 14;16(34):4329-34
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  • [Title] Associated factors for a hyperechogenic pancreas on endoscopic ultrasound.
  • AIM: To identify the associated risk factors for hyperechogenic pancreas (HP) which may be observed on endoscopic ultrasound (EUS) and to assess the relationship between HP and obesity.
  • Patients with a history of pancreatic disease or with hepatobiliary or advanced gastrointestinal cancer were excluded.
  • [MeSH-major] Endosonography. Pancreas / ultrasonography

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  • (PMID = 20818817.001).
  • [ISSN] 2219-2840
  • [Journal-full-title] World journal of gastroenterology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] World J. Gastroenterol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] China
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC2937114
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88. Noguchi H: Pancreatic islet transplantation. World J Gastrointest Surg; 2009 Nov 30;1(1):16-20
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  • [Title] Pancreatic islet transplantation.
  • Type 1 diabetes mellitus is an autoimmune disease, which results in the permanent destruction of β-cells of the pancreatic islets of Langerhans.
  • Clinical studies have shown that transplantation of pancreas or purified pancreatic islets can support glucose homeostasis in type 1 diabetic patients.
  • Islet transplantation carries the special advantages of being less invasive and resulting in fewer complications compared with the traditional pancreas or pancreas-kidney transplantation.
  • However, islet transplantation efforts have limitations including the short supply of donor pancreata, the paucity of experienced islet isolation teams, side effects of immunosuppressants and poor long-term results.

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  • (PMID = 21160790.001).
  • [ISSN] 1948-9366
  • [Journal-full-title] World journal of gastrointestinal surgery
  • [ISO-abbreviation] World J Gastrointest Surg
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] China
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC2999120
  • [Keywords] NOTNLM ; Islet isolation / Islet regeneration / Pancreatic islet transplantation / Pancreatic β-cells
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89. Brandhorst D, Iken M, Bretzel RG, Brandhorst H: Pancreas storage in oxygenated perfluorodecalin does not restore post-transplant function of isolated pig islets pre-damaged by warm ischemia. Xenotransplantation; 2006 Sep;13(5):465-70
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  • [Title] Pancreas storage in oxygenated perfluorodecalin does not restore post-transplant function of isolated pig islets pre-damaged by warm ischemia.
  • BACKGROUND: Cold storage in oxygenated perfluorodecalin (PFD) restores transplant function of ischemically damaged dog pancreata and reduces the impact of cold ischemia on recovery of isolated human islets.
  • Whether PFD storage can improve islet isolation from pancreata exposed to significant warm ischemia (WI) is unclear yet.
  • Resected pancreata were intraductally flushed with cold University of Wisconsin solution.
  • Subsequently, pancreata were processed immediately by digestion-filtration (group I: 0 min WI, n=6; II: 30 min WI, n=6) or first stored for 3 h in oxygenated PFD (III: 0 min WI+PFD, n=5; IV: 30 min WI+PFD, n=6).
  • RESULTS: Pancreata subjected to 30 min of WI yielded significantly less islets compared with the corresponding non-ischemic organs (I vs. II, P<0.01; III vs. IV, P<0.05).
  • PFD storage of ischemic organs partially restored ATP content (217+/-23 ng/1000 IEQ, II vs. IV, P<0.05) and glucose SI (1.60+/-0.09, II vs. IV, P<0.05) to a significant extent that reached the level of corresponding PFD-stored, non-ischemic pancreata (III vs. IV, NS).
  • The significantly reduced graft function of ischemic islets (I vs. II, III vs. IV, P<0.001) was not increased by pancreatic oxygenation (II vs. IV, NS).
  • CONCLUSIONS: The present study suggests that pancreas short-term storage in oxygenated PFD improves in vitro but not the in vivo function of ischemically damaged pig islets.
  • [MeSH-minor] Adenosine Triphosphate / metabolism. Animals. Cold Temperature. Hot Temperature. Insulin / metabolism. Pancreas / blood supply. Swine

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  • (PMID = 16925671.001).
  • [ISSN] 0908-665X
  • [Journal-full-title] Xenotransplantation
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Xenotransplantation
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Denmark
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Fluorocarbons; 0 / Insulin; 8L70Q75FXE / Adenosine Triphosphate
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90. Argyropoulou MI, Kiortsis DN, Astrakas L, Metafratzi Z, Chalissos N, Efremidis SC: Liver, bone marrow, pancreas and pituitary gland iron overload in young and adult thalassemic patients: a T2 relaxometry study. Eur Radiol; 2007 Dec;17(12):3025-30
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  • [Title] Liver, bone marrow, pancreas and pituitary gland iron overload in young and adult thalassemic patients: a T2 relaxometry study.
  • T2 relaxation time (T2) of the liver, bone marrow, pancreas and pituitary gland was measured in a 1.5-Tesla magnetic resonance (MR) imager, using a multiecho spin-echo sequence (TR/TE 2,000/20, 40, 60, 80, 100, 120, 140, 160 ms).
  • The T2 of the pancreas was lower in adolescents (43.6 +/- 10.3 ms) than in adults (54.4 +/- 10.4 ms).
  • There was no significant correlation of the T2 among the liver, pancreas, pituitary gland and bone marrow.
  • There was no significant correlation between serum ferritin and T2 of the liver, pancreas and bone marrow.
  • After adolescence, age-related T2 changes are predominantly associated with pituitary siderosis and fatty degeneration of the pancreas.
  • [MeSH-major] Iron Overload / diagnosis. beta-Thalassemia / pathology
  • [MeSH-minor] Adolescent. Adult. Bone Marrow / metabolism. Bone Marrow / pathology. Female. Humans. Liver / metabolism. Liver / pathology. Magnetic Resonance Imaging. Male. Pancreas / metabolism. Pancreas / pathology. Pituitary Gland / metabolism. Pituitary Gland / pathology. Statistics, Nonparametric

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  • (PMID = 17549485.001).
  • [ISSN] 0938-7994
  • [Journal-full-title] European radiology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Eur Radiol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Germany
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91. Wente MN, Kleeff J, Esposito I, Hartel M, Müller MW, Fröhlich BE, Büchler MW, Friess H: Renal cancer cell metastasis into the pancreas: a single-center experience and overview of the literature. Pancreas; 2005 Apr;30(3):218-22
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  • [Title] Renal cancer cell metastasis into the pancreas: a single-center experience and overview of the literature.
  • OBJECTIVES: The pancreas is a rare target for metastasis from other primary cancers, but pancreatic metastasis play a role in the diagnostic workup of patients with pancreatic tumors, especially in patients with a history of renal cell carcinoma (RCC).
  • METHODS: Between October 2001 and June 2004 data from 601 patients undergoing pancreatic resection were entered prospectively in a database and were analyzed for metastasis into the pancreas from RCC.
  • RESULTS: Fifteen patients with metastasis to the pancreas from RCC were identified.
  • One patient showed metastatic disease at time of primary diagnosis.
  • In 8 patients, the pancreas was the only site of metastasis, whereas in 7 patients, other organs, such as the thyroid gland, the lung, or the liver, were targets of metastasis, either metachronous or simultaneous at the time of pancreatic metastasis.
  • The median interval between primary treatment of RCC and occurrence of pancreatic metastasis was 86 months (range, 0-258).
  • Most patients were asymptomatic and diagnosed during standard tumor follow-up.
  • CONCLUSION: Pancreatic metastasis from RCC is rare but can occur even more than 20 years after primary tumor manifestation.
  • Our results show that pancreatic resections for metastasis can be performed safely with a low rate of complications.
  • Patients with a history of RCC should undergo a long-term follow-up to detect and evaluate for pancreatic metastases as well for metastasis to other organ sites.
  • [MeSH-major] Carcinoma, Renal Cell / secondary. Databases, Factual. Kidney Neoplasms / pathology. Pancreatic Neoplasms / secondary


92. Capocasale E, Busi N, Mazzoni MP, Valle RD, Maggiore U, Bignardi L, Buzio C, Sianesi M: Simultaneous kidney-pancreas transplantation: the Parma Center experience. Acta Biomed; 2007 Aug;78(2):123-7
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  • [Title] Simultaneous kidney-pancreas transplantation: the Parma Center experience.
  • Currently, it is demonstrated that simultaneous pancreas-kidney transplantation (SPK) shows beneficial effects on patient survival, on some diabetic degenerative complications and on the quality of life.
  • Aim of the work is to report our experience in pancreas transplantation.
  • Average pancreas cold ischemic time was 716 minutes (range 320-968).
  • No primary or delayed graft function was observed both for pancreas and kidney.
  • Pancreas and kidney graft survival rate was 76.5% and 94.1%, respectively.
  • Our experience, as reported in literature, confirm that a successful pancreas transplantation not only brings the recipient back to normal glycemic levels, but it also improves the patient's quality of life by stabilizing some of the secondary complications of diabetes.
  • [MeSH-major] Diabetes Mellitus, Type 1 / surgery. Kidney Transplantation. Pancreas Transplantation


93. Haider HH, Illanes H, Ciancio G, Miller J, Burke GW: Bezoar-related pancreatitis in enterically drained pancreas transplant. Transplant Proc; 2007 Jan-Feb;39(1):196-8
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  • [Title] Bezoar-related pancreatitis in enterically drained pancreas transplant.
  • Simultaneous kidney and pancreas transplantation is currently the treatment of choice for type 1 diabetes mellitus with end-stage renal disease.
  • Causes of pancreatitis after pancreas transplantation with enteric drainage are not well documented in the literature.
  • We report a case of allograft pancreatitis from pancreatic duct outflow obstruction due to formation of a bezoar in a diverticulized transplant duodeno-jejunal anastomosis.
  • [MeSH-major] Bezoars. Diabetes Mellitus, Type 1 / surgery. Pancreas Transplantation / adverse effects. Pancreatitis / etiology


94. Gupta V, Singh V, Kalra N, Vaiphei K: Pancreas sparing resection for giant hamartoma of Brunner's glands. JOP; 2009;10(2):196-9
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  • [Title] Pancreas sparing resection for giant hamartoma of Brunner's glands.
  • CONTEXT: Benign proliferative changes of the Brunner's glands account for about 10% of neoplasias of the duodenal bulb.
  • A pancreas-sparing duodenal resection was performed.
  • The diagnosis was established on histopathology.
  • A pancreas-sparing duodenal resection is one of the modalities of treating such lesions.
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Diagnosis, Differential. Duodenum / pathology. Duodenum / surgery. Female. Humans. Pancreaticoduodenectomy / methods. Treatment Outcome

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  • (PMID = 19287118.001).
  • [ISSN] 1590-8577
  • [Journal-full-title] JOP : Journal of the pancreas
  • [ISO-abbreviation] JOP
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Italy
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95. Kilbourn MR: Rat pancreas uptake of [11C]dihydrotetrabenazine stereoisomers. Nucl Med Biol; 2010 Nov;37(8):869-71
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  • [Title] Rat pancreas uptake of [11C]dihydrotetrabenazine stereoisomers.
  • (+)-α-[(11)C]Dihydrotetrabenazine ((+)-[(11)C]DTBZ), a radioligand for the vesicular monoamine transporter type 2 (VMAT2), has been previously proposed as an in vivo marker of beta-cell degeneration in the pancreas.
  • The stereospecificity of uptake of [(11)C]DTBZ into rat pancreas was examined here using radiolabeled forms of the (+)- and (-)-isomers.
  • Pancreas localization of (+)-[(11)C]DTBZ could be partially blocked by prior administration of unlabeled (+)-DTBZ.
  • Pancreatic uptake of the (-)-isomer was unexpectedly high and could not be blocked by pretreatment with (+)-DTBZ, but could be significantly reduced by treatment with racemic tetrabenazine, an in vivo source of (-)-DTBZ.
  • These studies indicate that the inactive isomer of DTBZ does not provide a mechanism for defining the nonspecific binding of (+)-DTBZ in rat pancreas.
  • [MeSH-major] Pancreas / metabolism. Tetrabenazine / analogs & derivatives

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  • [Copyright] Copyright © 2010 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
  • (PMID = 21055616.001).
  • [ISSN] 1872-9614
  • [Journal-full-title] Nuclear medicine and biology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Nucl. Med. Biol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Carbon Radioisotopes; 3466-75-9 / dihydrotetrabenazine; Z9O08YRN8O / Tetrabenazine
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96. Mohammed A, Janakiram NB, Li Q, Madka V, Ely M, Lightfoot S, Crawford H, Steele VE, Rao CV: The epidermal growth factor receptor inhibitor gefitinib prevents the progression of pancreatic lesions to carcinoma in a conditional LSL-KrasG12D/+ transgenic mouse model. Cancer Prev Res (Phila); 2010 Nov;3(11):1417-26
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  • [Title] The epidermal growth factor receptor inhibitor gefitinib prevents the progression of pancreatic lesions to carcinoma in a conditional LSL-KrasG12D/+ transgenic mouse model.
  • Pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC) is the most common pancreatic malignancy with a dismal prognosis.
  • Developing novel strategies to prevent or delay pancreatic cancer is currently of intense interest.
  • The chemopreventive efficacy of gefitinib, an epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) inhibitor, was evaluated against the progression of pancreatic intraepithelial neoplasms (PanIN) to PDAC in conditional LSL-Kras(G12D/+) transgenic mice.
  • At termination, pancreases were evaluated histopathologically for PanINs and PDAC, and various biomarkers were measured by immunohistochemistry, immunofluorescence, immunoblotting, and/or reverse transcription-PCR.
  • Furthermore, mice treated with 100 and 200 ppm of gefitinib exhibited 67.6% to 77.3% of the pancreas to be free from ductal lesions.
  • Also, gefitinib reduced EGFR, proliferating cell nuclear antigen, cyclin D1, C(2)GNT, RhoA, β-catenin, p38, phospho-extracellular signal-regulated kinase, caveolin-1, and mucin and increased cyclin B1 in the pancreatic lesions/PDAC.
  • In summary, these results show that gefitinib can prevent the progression of pancreatic cancer precursor lesions to PDAC in a preclinical model.
  • The present study highlights the promise of chemoprevention and the potential usefulness of EGFR inhibitors in individuals at high risk for pancreatic cancer.


97. Bergert H, Knoch KP, Meisterfeld R, Jäger M, Ouwendijk J, Kersting S, Saeger HD, Solimena M: Effect of oxygenated perfluorocarbons on isolated rat pancreatic islets in culture. Cell Transplant; 2005;14(7):441-8
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  • [Title] Effect of oxygenated perfluorocarbons on isolated rat pancreatic islets in culture.
  • One impediment for a wider application of islet transplantation is the limited number of donor pancreata for islet isolation.
  • They serve also as oxygen "reservoirs" for harvested organs in pancreas organ transplantation.

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  • (PMID = 16285252.001).
  • [ISSN] 0963-6897
  • [Journal-full-title] Cell transplantation
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Cell Transplant
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Fluorocarbons; 0 / Insulin; 0 / Oxygen Compounds; 9007-49-2 / DNA; FX3WJ41CMX / perflexane
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98. Huber SA, Sartini D: Roles of tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-alpha) and the p55 TNF receptor in CD1d induction and coxsackievirus B3-induced myocarditis. J Virol; 2005 Mar;79(5):2659-65
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  • [Title] Roles of tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-alpha) and the p55 TNF receptor in CD1d induction and coxsackievirus B3-induced myocarditis.
  • Virus titers in the heart were equivalent at days 3 and 7 in mice given all three virus doses, but day 3 titers in the pancreases of mice inoculated with 10(4) PFU were reduced.
  • Tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-alpha) concentrations in the heart were increased in all infected mice, but cytokine levels were highest in mice given the larger virus inocula.
  • No significant differences in virus titers in heart or pancreas were observed between the groups, but C57BL/6 and p75 TNFR(-/-) animals showed 10-fold more inflammatory cells in the heart than p55 TNFR(-/-) mice, and the cell population was comprised of high concentrations of CD4(+) gamma interferon-positive and Vgamma4(+) cells.

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  • (PMID = 15708985.001).
  • [ISSN] 0022-538X
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of virology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Virol.
  • [Language] ENG
  • [Grant] United States / NIAID NIH HHS / AI / P01 AI045666; United States / NHLBI NIH HHS / HL / R01 HL058583; United States / NHLBI NIH HHS / HL / HL58583; United States / NIAID NIH HHS / AI / P01 AI45666
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Antigens, CD1; 0 / Antigens, CD1d; 0 / Receptors, Tumor Necrosis Factor, Type I; 0 / Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC548425
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99. Ehehalt F, Saeger HD, Schmidt CM, Grützmann R: Neuroendocrine tumors of the pancreas. Oncologist; 2009 May;14(5):456-67
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Neuroendocrine tumors of the pancreas.
  • This literature review briefly summarizes the epidemiology, pathophysiology, clinical management, and outcomes of patients with pancreatic neuroendocrine tumors (PNETs) and highlights recent advances in PNET research.
  • PNETs are rare neoplasms, compared with carcinomas arising from pancreatic exocrine tissue.
  • They, like other neuroendocrine tumor types, display variable malignant potential, hormone-related syndromes (functionality), localization, and genetic background.
  • Although tumor origin and molecular pathogenesis remain poorly understood, recently established grading and staging systems facilitate patient risk stratification, and thereby directly impact clinical decision making.
  • [MeSH-major] Neuroendocrine Tumors. Pancreatic Neoplasms
  • [MeSH-minor] Gastrinoma / diagnosis. Gastrinoma / therapy. Humans. Incidence. Insulinoma / diagnosis. Insulinoma / therapy. Neoplasm Staging. Prognosis

  • MedlinePlus Health Information. consumer health - Pancreatic Cancer.
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  • (PMID = 19411317.001).
  • [ISSN] 1549-490X
  • [Journal-full-title] The oncologist
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Oncologist
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Number-of-references] 130
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100. Arikawa S, Uchida M, Shinagawa M, Uozumi J, Hayabuchi N, Okabe Y, Suga H, Yanagi K, Kinoshita H, Naitou Y: [The role of multi-detector-row computed tomograph in the diagnosis of intraductal papillary-mucinous tumors of the pancreas in comparison to endoscopic retrograde pancreatography, endoscopic ultrasonography, magnetic resonance cholangiopancreatography]. Nihon Shokakibyo Gakkai Zasshi; 2007 Mar;104(3):373-80
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  • [Title] [The role of multi-detector-row computed tomograph in the diagnosis of intraductal papillary-mucinous tumors of the pancreas in comparison to endoscopic retrograde pancreatography, endoscopic ultrasonography, magnetic resonance cholangiopancreatography].
  • Thirty patients with intraductal papillary-mucinous tumor (IPMT) of the pancreas underwent multidetector-row CT (MD-CT) in addition to endoscopic retrograde pancreatography (ERP), and, in 27 cases magnetic resonance cholangiopancreatography (MRCP) and endoscopic ultrasonography (EUS).
  • The usefulness of MD-CT was investigated by comparing various imaging methods of the communication from the main pancreatic duct (MPD) to patulous/bulging papilla in addition to the indices for benign or malignant disease, the degree of dilation of the MPD, localization and size of cystic lesions, and presence or absence of neoplastic lesions, such as thickened walls and septa, intramural nodule, solid mass.
  • With MD-CT, dilation of the MPD and localization and size of cystic lesions were accurately assessed, even in patients with obstruction of the main pancreatic duct in whom ERP was difficult to perform regardless of the presence or absence of massive amount of mucus.
  • [MeSH-major] Adenocarcinoma, Mucinous / diagnosis. Carcinoma, Pancreatic Ductal / diagnosis. Diagnostic Imaging / methods. Pancreatic Neoplasms / diagnosis

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  • MedlinePlus Health Information. consumer health - Pancreatic Cancer.
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  • (PMID = 17337874.001).
  • [ISSN] 0446-6586
  • [Journal-full-title] Nihon Shokakibyo Gakkai zasshi = The Japanese journal of gastro-enterology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Nihon Shokakibyo Gakkai Zasshi
  • [Language] jpn
  • [Publication-type] Comparative Study; English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Japan
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