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1. Brun JL, Cortez A, Rouzier R, Callard P, Bazot M, Uzan S, Daraï E: Factors influencing the use and accuracy of frozen section diagnosis of epithelial ovarian tumors. Am J Obstet Gynecol; 2008 Sep;199(3):244.e1-7
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  • [Title] Factors influencing the use and accuracy of frozen section diagnosis of epithelial ovarian tumors.
  • OBJECTIVE: The objective of the study was to study factors influencing the use and accuracy of frozen section diagnosis (FSD) of ovarian tumors.
  • STUDY DESIGN: Surgery was performed in 414 patients with epithelial ovarian tumors between 2001 and 2006.
  • RESULTS: FSD was requested in 274 patients: 152 benign, 55 borderline, and 67 malignant tumors.
  • Age 50 years or older, tumor size 10 cm or greater, and preoperative evidence of malignancy were associated with FSD request.
  • The sensitivity and specificity of FSD for benign, borderline, and malignant tumors were 97% and 81%, 62% and 96%, and 88% and 99%, respectively.
  • The histologic type (mucinous), tumor size (less than 10 cm), the borderline component (less than 10%), and the pathologist's experience predicted misdiagnosis of borderline tumors.
  • Spread outside the ovary was the only significant predictor of accurate FSD of malignant tumors.
  • CONCLUSION: FSD is less accurate for borderline than benign and malignant ovarian tumors.
  • [MeSH-major] Frozen Sections. Ovarian Neoplasms / pathology

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  • (PMID = 18486086.001).
  • [ISSN] 1097-6868
  • [Journal-full-title] American journal of obstetrics and gynecology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Am. J. Obstet. Gynecol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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2. Lin CH, Liu FS, Ho ES: Transitional cell carcinoma of the ovary. Taiwan J Obstet Gynecol; 2006 Sep;45(3):268-71
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  • [Title] Transitional cell carcinoma of the ovary.
  • OBJECTIVE: Transitional cell carcinoma (TCC) of the ovary is a rare, recently recognized, subtype of ovarian surface epithelial cancer.
  • We present a case of TCC of the ovary, managed by staging operation and followed by postoperative chemotherapy with carboplatin and cyclophosphamide.
  • After surgery, the pathologic report of the left ovarian tumor was TCC, grade 2-3, stage IA.
  • CONCLUSION: TCC of the ovary is a rare subtype of epithelial ovarian cancer.
  • It differs from malignant Brenner tumor by the absence of a benign or borderline Brenner component.
  • Surgical resection is the primary therapeutic approach, and patient outcomes after chemotherapy are better than for other types of common epithelial ovarian cancers.
  • [MeSH-major] Carcinoma, Transitional Cell / surgery. Hysterectomy. Ovarian Neoplasms / surgery. Ovariectomy


3. Iavazzo C, Vorgias G, Sampanis D, Mavromatis I, Manikis P, Katsoulis M: Meig's or Pseudomeig's syndrome? Bratisl Lek Listy; 2007;108(3):158-60
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  • The triad of ascites, hydrothorax in association with a benign ovarian tumor is defined as Meig's syndrome.
  • [MeSH-major] Meigs Syndrome / diagnosis
  • [MeSH-minor] Adenocarcinoma / complications. Adenocarcinoma / diagnosis. Adenocarcinoma / secondary. Adenocarcinoma / surgery. Female. Humans. Middle Aged. Ovarian Neoplasms / complications. Ovarian Neoplasms / diagnosis. Ovarian Neoplasms / pathology. Ovarian Neoplasms / surgery

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  • (PMID = 17682545.001).
  • [ISSN] 0006-9248
  • [Journal-full-title] Bratislavské lekárske listy
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Bratisl Lek Listy
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Slovakia
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4. Chang W, Oiseth SJ, Orentlicher R, Agarwal G, Yahr LJ, Cayten CG: Bilateral sclerosing stromal tumor of the ovaries in a premenarchal girl. Gynecol Oncol; 2006 May;101(2):342-5
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  • [Title] Bilateral sclerosing stromal tumor of the ovaries in a premenarchal girl.
  • BACKGROUND: Sclerosing stromal tumor of the ovary is a rare benign neoplasm that is usually unilateral in menstruating women with a mean age of 27.
  • CASE: An 11-year-old girl presented with asymptomatic bilateral sclerosing stromal tumor of the ovaries prior to menarche.
  • CONCLUSION: We herein report a unique case of bilateral sclerosing stromal tumor of the ovaries arising in a premenarchal girl.
  • [MeSH-major] Ovarian Neoplasms / pathology

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  • (PMID = 16403568.001).
  • [ISSN] 0090-8258
  • [Journal-full-title] Gynecologic oncology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Gynecol. Oncol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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5. Enakpene CA, Omigbodun AO, Goecke TW, Odukogbe AT, Beckmann MW: Preoperative evaluation and triage of women with suspicious adnexal masses using risk of malignancy index. J Obstet Gynaecol Res; 2009 Feb;35(1):131-8
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  • When RMI was used to triage patient treatment, 81.5% of patients who had laparoscopy had histological diagnosis of benign ovarian tumor and 7.5% had malignant tumor.
  • In contrast, 74.4% of patients who had laparotomy had histological diagnosis of malignant ovarian tumor and 16% had benign tumor.
  • CONCLUSION: Risk of malignant index is a reliable, cheap, readily available and cost-effective method of preoperative discrimination of benign from malignant adnexal masses.
  • [MeSH-major] Ovarian Neoplasms / diagnosis. Triage / methods

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  • (PMID = 19215560.001).
  • [ISSN] 1341-8076
  • [Journal-full-title] The journal of obstetrics and gynaecology research
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Obstet. Gynaecol. Res.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Japan
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6. Gungor T, Altinkaya SO, Akbay S, Bilge U, Mollamahmutoglu L: Malign mural nodules associated with serous ovarian tumor of borderline malignancy: a case report and literature review. Arch Gynecol Obstet; 2010 Mar;281(3):485-90
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  • [Title] Malign mural nodules associated with serous ovarian tumor of borderline malignancy: a case report and literature review.
  • BACKGROUND: Cystic tumors of ovary, whether benign, borderline, or malignant may be associated with mural nodule of various types, including sarcomas, sarcoma-like mural nodules (SLMN), and foci of anaplastic carcinoma.
  • Cases of serous borderline ovarian tumor with mural nodules of mixed type are very rare.
  • Adhesiolysis and de-bulking surgery were performed including bilateral pelvic, para-aortic lymphadenectomy, appendectomy and omentectomy.
  • Left ureter was found to be dilated because of the infiltration of distal part by the tumor, so distal ureteral resection and neoureterocystostomy were performed.
  • Final pathology revealed borderline serous ovarian tumor with mural nodules which were consisted of SLMNs, multiple and sharply demarcated from the adjacent tumor, and sarcomatous nodules showing infiltrative appearance in metastatic regions.
  • [MeSH-major] Cystadenoma, Serous / pathology. Ovarian Neoplasms / pathology. Sarcoma / pathology

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  • (PMID = 19597831.001).
  • [ISSN] 1432-0711
  • [Journal-full-title] Archives of gynecology and obstetrics
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Arch. Gynecol. Obstet.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] Germany
  • [Number-of-references] 39
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7. Tsikouras T, Liberis V, Galazios G, Sarri S, Teichmann AT: Contribution of laparoscopy in young women with abdominal pain. Clin Exp Obstet Gynecol; 2007;34(3):168-70
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  • Of these, 55 had functional ovarian cysts, eight patients were operated on for adnexal torsion and nine patients had other adnexal conditions.
  • Ovarian cyst resection was performed in 46 patients and ovarian cyst coagulation in 17 patients.
  • In the rest of the 48 patients (40%), 31 (26.67%) cases had pelvic inflammatory disease, three (2.5%) benign ovarian tumors, two (1.6%) ectopic pregnancies, one (0.8%) a paraovarian cyst and 11 (5%) endometriosis.
  • [MeSH-minor] Adolescent. Adult. Endometriosis / diagnosis. Endometriosis / surgery. Female. Humans. Ovarian Cysts / diagnosis. Ovarian Cysts / surgery. Pelvic Inflammatory Disease / diagnosis. Pelvic Inflammatory Disease / surgery. Retrospective Studies

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  • (PMID = 17937093.001).
  • [ISSN] 0390-6663
  • [Journal-full-title] Clinical and experimental obstetrics & gynecology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Clin Exp Obstet Gynecol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Evaluation Studies; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Italy
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8. Yamamoto S, Tsuda H, Takano M, Hase K, Tamai S, Matsubara O: Clear-cell adenofibroma can be a clonal precursor for clear-cell adenocarcinoma of the ovary: a possible alternative ovarian clear-cell carcinogenic pathway. J Pathol; 2008 Sep;216(1):103-10
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  • [Title] Clear-cell adenofibroma can be a clonal precursor for clear-cell adenocarcinoma of the ovary: a possible alternative ovarian clear-cell carcinogenic pathway.
  • Several studies have reported that ovarian clear-cell adenocarcinoma can be derived from endometriosis.
  • Although the clear-cell adenofibroma (CCAF), a major form of benign and borderline ovarian clear-cell tumour, has been suggested as another precursor for clear-cell adenocarcinoma (CCA), there is no supportive genetic evidence for this presumption.
  • To examine the genetic linkage between CCAF and CCA of the ovary, we conducted allelotype analysis for both CCAF and adjacent CCA components in 14 cases of CCA associated with benign CCAF and/or borderline CCAF.
  • For all informative loci, the frequency of LOH in adenocarcinoma was 49% (54/110 loci), and was significantly higher than those in the components of benign CCAF (22%, 20/92 loci) and borderline CCAF (30%, 25/83 loci) (chi(2) test; p<0.05, respectively).
  • The concordance rate in allelic patterns at all informative loci was 74% between benign CCAF and adenocarcinoma components, 81% between borderline CCAF and adenocarcinoma components, and 95% between benign CCAF and borderline CCAF components.
  • These findings suggest that CCAF can be a clonal precursor for ovarian clear-cell adenocarcinoma.
  • [MeSH-major] Adenocarcinoma, Clear Cell / genetics. Adenofibroma / genetics. Biomarkers, Tumor / analysis. Ovarian Neoplasms / genetics

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  • (PMID = 18600856.001).
  • [ISSN] 0022-3417
  • [Journal-full-title] The Journal of pathology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Pathol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Biomarkers, Tumor
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9. Cuatrecasas M, Catasus L, Palacios J, Prat J: Transitional cell tumors of the ovary: a comparative clinicopathologic, immunohistochemical, and molecular genetic analysis of Brenner tumors and transitional cell carcinomas. Am J Surg Pathol; 2009 Apr;33(4):556-67
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  • [Title] Transitional cell tumors of the ovary: a comparative clinicopathologic, immunohistochemical, and molecular genetic analysis of Brenner tumors and transitional cell carcinomas.
  • Transitional cell tumors of the ovary include 2 distinct clinicopathologic categories: Brenner tumors and transitional cell carcinomas (TCCs).
  • We have performed a clinicopathologic, immunohistochemical, and molecular genetic analysis of 19 transitional cell tumors including 13 Brenner tumors (5 benign, 7 borderline, and 1 malignant) and 6 TCCs.
  • Six borderline Brenner tumors were stage IA and 1 stage IIA.
  • The malignant Brenner tumor was stage IA.
  • Two patients who had borderline Brenner tumors were alive and well at 3 and 10.9 years.
  • The patient who had a malignant Brenner tumor died of pulmonary thromboembolism shortly postoperatively, and 2 patients with TCCs died of tumor 1.8 and 13 years, postoperatively.
  • Brenner tumors and TCCs differed mainly in the expression of EGFR, p16, and p53.
  • Benign Brenner tumors showed a low immunoexpression for all markers.
  • Borderline Brenner tumors failed to immunoreact for p16, Rb, and p53; and showed weak immunostaining for Cyclin D1, moderate for Ras, and strong for EGFR.
  • The malignant Brenner tumor was also negative for p16, Rb, and p53, and strongly positive for Cyclin D1, Ras, and EGFR.
  • Our results suggest that Brenner tumors and TCCs follow different tumorigenic pathways, whereas borderline and malignant Brenner tumors are low-grade neoplasms with activation of the PI3K/AKT pathway through EGFR, TCCs are high-grade tumors that have p53 mutations and p16 and p53 protein overexpression.
  • [MeSH-major] Brenner Tumor / pathology. Carcinoma, Transitional Cell / pathology. Ovarian Neoplasms / pathology
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Aged. Aged, 80 and over. Biomarkers, Tumor / analysis. DNA Mutational Analysis. DNA, Neoplasm / analysis. Female. Fluorescent Antibody Technique, Direct. Gene Dosage. Genes, erbB-1 / genetics. Humans. Immunoenzyme Techniques. In Situ Hybridization, Fluorescence. Middle Aged. Neoplasm Staging. Ovariectomy. Tissue Array Analysis. Treatment Outcome


10. Zhao Q, Duan W, Wu YM, Qian XH, Deng XH: [Analysis of serum biomarkers of ovarian epithelial cancers based on 2-DE DIGE and MALDI TOF/TOF]. Zhonghua Zhong Liu Za Zhi; 2008 Oct;30(10):754-8
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  • [Title] [Analysis of serum biomarkers of ovarian epithelial cancers based on 2-DE DIGE and MALDI TOF/TOF].
  • OBJECTIVE: To find new serum tumor markers for ovarian epithelial cancers by 2-DE DIGE and MALDI-TOF/TOF proteomic methods, in order to improve the diagnostic sensitivity and specificity.
  • METHODS: Serum samples from 103 cases of ovarian epithelial cancers, 60 cases of healthy women, 63 cases of benign ovarian tumors and 63 cases of benign pelvic diseases were collected.
  • Sera of 20 cases of ovarian epithelial cancers (A), 20 cases of ovarian benign tumors (B), 20 cases of pelvic benign diseases (C) and 20 cases of health control (D) were matched by age and pooled, respectively.
  • After depletion of high abundance serum albumin and IgG, the samples were assayed by 2-DE DIGE.
  • 2) Western blot and ELISA proved that there were significant differences in Hp and Tf between ovarian epithelial cancers and normal controls (P = 0.000), between ovarian epithelial cancers and ovarian benign tumors (P = 0.000), between ovarian epithelial cancers and benign pelvic disease sera (P = 0.000).
  • 3) CA125 + Hp + Tf combined detection of ovarian cancer had higher sensitivity and specificity than CA125, Hp or Tf detection alone.
  • CONCLUSION: Hp and Tf are differently expressed in the sera of patients with ovarian epitheliual cancers.
  • They can be used as serum biomarkers for ovarian epithelial cancers.
  • CA125 + Hp + Tf combined detection may improve the sensitivity and specificity of diagnosis of ovarian epithelial cancers.
  • [MeSH-major] Cystadenocarcinoma, Serous / blood. Haptoglobins / analysis. Ovarian Neoplasms / blood. Proteins / analysis. Transferrin / analysis
  • [MeSH-minor] Adenocarcinoma, Clear Cell / blood. Biomarkers, Tumor / blood. Cystadenocarcinoma, Mucinous / blood. Electrophoresis, Gel, Two-Dimensional. Endometriosis / blood. Female. Humans. Pelvic Inflammatory Disease / blood. Proteomics. Spectrometry, Mass, Matrix-Assisted Laser Desorption-Ionization. Teratoma / blood

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  • (PMID = 19173805.001).
  • [ISSN] 0253-3766
  • [Journal-full-title] Zhonghua zhong liu za zhi [Chinese journal of oncology]
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Zhonghua Zhong Liu Za Zhi
  • [Language] chi
  • [Publication-type] English Abstract; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] China
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Biomarkers, Tumor; 0 / Haptoglobins; 0 / NBR1 protein, human; 0 / Proteins; 0 / Transferrin
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11. Okamoto S, Ito K, Sasano H, Moriya T, Niikura H, Terada Y, Sato S, Okamura K, Yaegashi N: Ber-EP4 and anti-calretinin antibodies: a useful combination for differential diagnosis of various histological types of ovarian cancer cells and mesothelial cells. Tohoku J Exp Med; 2005 May;206(1):31-40
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  • [Title] Ber-EP4 and anti-calretinin antibodies: a useful combination for differential diagnosis of various histological types of ovarian cancer cells and mesothelial cells.
  • The differential diagnosis between reactive mesothelial cells and ovarian carcinoma cells is often difficult in cytologic specimens.
  • Immunocytochemical procedures have been utilized in assisting this differential diagnosis, with limitations.
  • Furthermore, previous studies examined only serous type but not other histological types of ovarian carcinoma cases.
  • Therefore, we evaluated the practical value of various epithelial and mesothelial markers in differential diagnosis of these two types of cells.
  • Various types of ovarian carcinoma (serous, n = 22; mucinous, n = 10; endometrioid, n = 7; clear cell, n = 10) and benign mesothelial tissues (n = 15) were studied by immunohistochemistry.
  • We then studied effective panels of antibodies by immunohistochemistry in 43 cytologic specimens of ascites or peritoneal lavage fluid consisting of 20 reactive mesothelium and 23 adenocarcinomas of the ovary.
  • In the tissue specimens, Ber-EP4, a monoclonal antibody of epithelial antigen, and a polyclonal antibody against calretinin, which is expressed in mesothelium, are used in differentiating reactive mesothelial cells from ovarian carcinoma.
  • In conclusion, the combined immunostaining of cytologic specimens for Ber-EP4 and the anti-calretinin antibody is helpful for the differential diagnosis between mesothelial cells and not only serous type, but also mucinous, endometrioid and clear cell types of ovarian cancer cells.
  • [MeSH-major] Antibodies. Biomarkers, Tumor / immunology. Epithelium / immunology. Ovarian Neoplasms / diagnosis. S100 Calcium Binding Protein G / immunology
  • [MeSH-minor] Calbindin 2. Carcinoma / diagnosis. Carcinoma / immunology. Female. Humans. Immunohistochemistry

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  • (PMID = 15802873.001).
  • [ISSN] 0040-8727
  • [Journal-full-title] The Tohoku journal of experimental medicine
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Tohoku J. Exp. Med.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Japan
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Antibodies; 0 / Biomarkers, Tumor; 0 / CALB2 protein, human; 0 / Calbindin 2; 0 / S100 Calcium Binding Protein G; 0 / human epithelial antigen-125
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12. Radin AI, Youssef IM, Quimbo RD, Perone RW, Guerrieri C, Abdel-Dayem HM: Technetium-99m diphosphonate imaging of psammocarcinoma of probable ovarian origin: case report and literature review. Clin Nucl Med; 2005 Jun;30(6):395-9
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  • [Title] Technetium-99m diphosphonate imaging of psammocarcinoma of probable ovarian origin: case report and literature review.
  • However, in several benign and malignant diseases, notably those characterized by extensive soft tissue calcification, Tc-99m MDP may be taken up by the tumor itself.
  • We present a case of a stage IIIC psammoma-rich low-grade serous carcinoma of the ovary, whose identity and extent of disease were first suggested by Tc-99m MDP scintigraphy.
  • [MeSH-major] Cystadenocarcinoma, Serous / radionuclide imaging. Cystadenocarcinoma, Serous / secondary. Ovarian Neoplasms / radionuclide imaging. Soft Tissue Neoplasms / radionuclide imaging. Soft Tissue Neoplasms / secondary. Technetium Tc 99m Medronate

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  • (PMID = 15891291.001).
  • [ISSN] 0363-9762
  • [Journal-full-title] Clinical nuclear medicine
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Clin Nucl Med
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Radiopharmaceuticals; X89XV46R07 / Technetium Tc 99m Medronate
  • [Number-of-references] 58
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13. Rossing MA, Cushing-Haugen KL, Wicklund KG, Doherty JA, Weiss NS: Risk of epithelial ovarian cancer in relation to benign ovarian conditions and ovarian surgery. Cancer Causes Control; 2008 Dec;19(10):1357-64
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  • [Title] Risk of epithelial ovarian cancer in relation to benign ovarian conditions and ovarian surgery.
  • OBJECTIVE: Some forms of ovarian neoplasms may be preventable through the removal of precursor lesions.
  • We assessed the risk associated with a prior diagnosis of, and ovarian surgery following, ovarian cysts and endometriosis, with a focus on characterizing risk among tumor subgroups.
  • METHODS: Information was collected during in-person interviews with 812 women with ovarian cancer diagnosed in western Washington State from 2002 to 2005 and 1,313 population-based controls.
  • RESULTS: The risk of a borderline mucinous ovarian tumor associated with a history of an ovarian cyst was increased (OR=1.7, 95% CI: 1.0-2.8), but did not vary notably according to receipt of subsequent ovarian surgery.
  • While risk of invasive epithelial ovarian cancer was slightly increased among women with a cyst who had no subsequent ovarian surgery, it was reduced when a cyst diagnosis was followed by surgery (OR = 0.6, 95% CI: 0.4-0.9).
  • This reduction in risk was most evident for serous invasive tumors.
  • Women with a history of endometriosis had a threefold increased risk of endometrioid and clear cell invasive tumors, with a lesser risk increase among women who underwent subsequent ovarian surgery.
  • CONCLUSIONS: Our results suggest differences in the relation of ovarian cysts and endometriosis with risk of specific subtypes of ovarian cancer as well as the possibility that ovarian surgery in women with these conditions may lower the risk of invasive disease.

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  • (PMID = 18704718.001).
  • [ISSN] 1573-7225
  • [Journal-full-title] Cancer causes & control : CCC
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Cancer Causes Control
  • [Language] ENG
  • [Grant] United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / R01 CA087538-01A2; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / R01 CA087538-05; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / R01 CA087538; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / R01 CA87538; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / R01 CA087538-02; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / CA087538-05; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / R01 CA087538-03; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / R01 CA087538-04; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / CA087538-01A2
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural
  • [Publication-country] Netherlands
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ NIHMS146032; NLM/ PMC2751585
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14. Del Carmen MG: Mesenchymal Tumors of the Female Genital Tract: Treatment. Surg Pathol Clin; 2009 Dec;2(4):835-48
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  • [Title] Mesenchymal Tumors of the Female Genital Tract: Treatment.
  • Mesenchymal tumors of the female genital tract include various benign and malignant neoplasms.
  • Mesenchymal tumors may arise from the stroma or associated elements of the organ of origin, such as connective tissue, vascular or neural structures, or others.
  • Malignant mesenchymal tumors of the female genital tract represent a rare group of gynecologic cancers.
  • They are generally aggressive tumors, with a propensity for local and distant recurrence.
  • The mainstay of treatment usually involves surgical excision of the primary tumor.
  • Malignant mesenchymal tumors of the female genital tract are generally refractory to systemic chemotherapy and radiation therapy.
  • This review highlights the treatment options for the most common types of mesenchymal tumors of the female genital tract.

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  • [Copyright] Copyright © 2009 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
  • (PMID = 26838782.001).
  • [ISSN] 1875-9181
  • [Journal-full-title] Surgical pathology clinics
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Surg Pathol Clin
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Keywords] NOTNLM ; Female genital tract / Mesenchymal tumors / Ovary / Treatment / Uterus / Vagina / Vulva
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15. Djurdjevic S, Stojanovic S, Kopitovic V, Hadnadjev D, Basta-Nikolic M: Diagnostic value of endosonography scoring systems in the detection of ovarian and endometrial carcinoma. J BUON; 2009 Jan-Mar;14(1):97-102
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  • [Title] Diagnostic value of endosonography scoring systems in the detection of ovarian and endometrial carcinoma.
  • PURPOSE: To evaluate the diagnostic significance of sonographic scoring systems in the diagnosis of ovarian and endometrial carcinoma.
  • PATIENTS AND METHODS: 357 women with different malignant and benign diseases of the ovary and uterus were divided into 4 groups according to histopathological findings: group A: ovarian carcinoma (n=71); group B: benign ovarian tumors (n=106); group C: endometrial carcinoma (n=60); and group D: benign endometrial diseases in menopause (hyperplasia, polyps, submucosal myoma; n=120).
  • Women were examined using 7 MHz endovaginal probe and were evaluated using 2 different sonographic scoring systems, separately for ovarian and for endometrial carcinoma.
  • Particular morphological characteristics of ovarian carcinoma (tumor size, echo-characterization: solid-cystic, presence of septum, characteristics of tumor capsule and presence of ascites) were evaluated with points 0-2 (total score: 0-10).
  • Using both scoring systems, a total score of 6 points had the highest diagnostic reliability in both ovarian (sensitivity 87.3%, specificity 97.5%, test accuracy 91.6%) and endometrial carcinoma (sensitivity 80%, specificity 91.5%, test accuracy 90.9%).
  • CONCLUSION: A total score of 6 and more points presents the gold standard according to which it is possible to diagnose with high accuracy the existence of ovarian and endometrial carcinoma.
  • [MeSH-major] Carcinoma / ultrasonography. Endometrial Neoplasms / ultrasonography. Endosonography. Ovarian Neoplasms / ultrasonography

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  • (PMID = 19373954.001).
  • [ISSN] 1107-0625
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of B.U.ON. : official journal of the Balkan Union of Oncology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J BUON
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Evaluation Studies; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Greece
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16. Marchesini AC, Magrio FA, Berezowski AT, Neto OB, Nogueira AA, Candido dos Reis FJ: A critical analysis of Doppler velocimetry in the differential diagnosis of malignant and benign ovarian masses. J Womens Health (Larchmt); 2008 Jan-Feb;17(1):97-102
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  • [Title] A critical analysis of Doppler velocimetry in the differential diagnosis of malignant and benign ovarian masses.
  • OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the intratumoral reliability of color Doppler parameters and the contribution of Doppler sonography to the gray-scale differential diagnosis of ovarian masses.
  • METHODS: An observational study was performed including 67 patients, 15 (22.4%) with malignant ovarian neoplasm and 52 (77.6%) with benign ovarian diseases.
  • CONCLUSIONS: Gynecologists must be careful in interpreting results from Doppler evaluation of ovarian masses because PSV and EDV present poor intratumoral reliability.
  • The lower RI value, evaluated in at least two distinct sites of the tumor, was able to improve the performance of gray-scale ultrasound in differential diagnosis of ovarian masses.
  • [MeSH-major] Laser-Doppler Flowmetry. Ovarian Diseases / ultrasonography. Ovary / blood supply
  • [MeSH-minor] Blood Flow Velocity. Diagnosis, Differential. Female. Humans. Neovascularization, Pathologic / ultrasonography. Ovarian Neoplasms / ultrasonography. Reproducibility of Results. Sensitivity and Specificity


17. Zhang LL, Shao SL, Wu Y: [Expressions of osteopontin and B7-H4 in epithelial ovarian neoplasm and their significance]. Chin J Cancer; 2010 Jan;29(1):25-9
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  • [Title] [Expressions of osteopontin and B7-H4 in epithelial ovarian neoplasm and their significance].
  • BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Epithelial ovarian cancer involves a number of factors.
  • Recent studies have shown that osteopontin (OPN) is related to the occurrence and development of a variety of tumors, but few studies are on ovarian cancer.
  • B7-H4 is a newly identified tumor marker in ovarian cancer.
  • This study explored the expression of OPN and B7-H4 and their clinical significance in epithelial ovarian tumors.
  • METHODS: The expression of OPN and B7-H4 in 15 cases of normal ovarian tissue, 20 of benign ovarian tumor tissue, 20 of borderline ovarian tumor tissue, and 40 of ovarian cancer tissue were detected by immunohistochemistry, and the relationship of OPN and B7-H4 expression to clinical and pathologic features of ovarian cancer was analyzed.
  • RESULTS: The expression of OPN and B7-H4 were significantly higher in ovarian cancer than in borderline and benign tumors (P<0.05).
  • The positive rates of OPN and B7-H4 were significantly higher in poorly differentiated ovarian cancer than in medium and highly differentiated ovarian cancer (P<0.05), and the levels of expression were significantly lower in tissue at stages I and III of ovarian cancer than in stages III and IV (P<0.05).
  • The positive rate of B7-H4 were significantly higher in ovarian serous carcinoma than in the mucinous carcinoma (P<0.05), but did not relate to age and lymph node metastasis.
  • CONCLUSION: The expression of OPN and B7-H4 increased in epithelial ovarian cancer, which could be referenced in the diagnosis of ovarian malignant tumors.
  • [MeSH-major] Cystadenocarcinoma, Serous / metabolism. Neoplasms, Glandular and Epithelial / metabolism. Osteopontin / metabolism. Ovarian Neoplasms / metabolism. V-Set Domain-Containing T-Cell Activation Inhibitor 1 / metabolism
  • [MeSH-minor] Adenocarcinoma, Mucinous / diagnosis. Adenocarcinoma, Mucinous / metabolism. Adenocarcinoma, Mucinous / pathology. Adolescent. Adult. Aged. Female. Gene Expression Regulation, Neoplastic. Humans. Lymphatic Metastasis. Middle Aged. Neoplasm Staging. Ovary / metabolism. Young Adult

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  • (PMID = 20038306.001).
  • [ISSN] 1000-467X
  • [Journal-full-title] Chinese journal of cancer
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Chin J Cancer
  • [Language] chi
  • [Publication-type] English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] China
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / SPP1 protein, human; 0 / V-Set Domain-Containing T-Cell Activation Inhibitor 1; 106441-73-0 / Osteopontin; Ovarian epithelial cancer
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18. Poola I, Abraham J, Marshalleck JJ, Yue Q, Fu SW, Viswanath L, Sharma N, Hill R, Dewitty RL, Bonney G: Molecular constitution of breast but not other reproductive tissues is rich in growth promoting molecules: a possible link to highest incidence of tumor growths. FEBS Lett; 2009 Sep 17;583(18):3069-75
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  • [Title] Molecular constitution of breast but not other reproductive tissues is rich in growth promoting molecules: a possible link to highest incidence of tumor growths.
  • In the current study we tested if highest incidence of benign as well as cancer growths in breast tissue is due to constitutive molecular composition of this tissue.
  • To delineate the molecular basis, we compared the expression of nine functional gene modules (total 578 genes) that regulate major positive growth and negative inhibitory signals in normal breast with two other reproductive tissues, ovary and uterus.
  • We present data to demonstrate that breast tissues constitutively have very highly elevated levels of several growth promoting molecules and diminished levels of inhibitory molecules which may, in part, contribute for highest incidence of tumor growths in this tissue.

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  • (PMID = 19698714.001).
  • [ISSN] 1873-3468
  • [Journal-full-title] FEBS letters
  • [ISO-abbreviation] FEBS Lett.
  • [Language] ENG
  • [Grant] United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / CA120365-02; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / R21 CA120365; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / R21 CA120365-02
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Intercellular Signaling Peptides and Proteins
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ NIHMS141649; NLM/ PMC2752361
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19. Oltmann SC, Fischer A, Barber R, Huang R, Hicks B, Garcia N: Pediatric ovarian malignancy presenting as ovarian torsion: incidence and relevance. J Pediatr Surg; 2010 Jan;45(1):135-9
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  • [Title] Pediatric ovarian malignancy presenting as ovarian torsion: incidence and relevance.
  • PURPOSE: With ovarian torsion, concern for underlying malignancy in the enlarged ovary has previously driven surgeons to resection.
  • Detorsion alone has been recommended to allow for resolution of edema of the ovary with follow-up ultrasound surveillance to evaluate for a persistent mass, yet is not routine practice.
  • However, the incidence of malignancies presenting as ovarian torsion is not documented.
  • METHOD: After institutional review board exemption (IRB#-022008-095), a 15(1/2)-year retrospective review was conducted to identify cases of operative ovarian torsion in our medical center.
  • Tumors with neoplastic pathology (malignant and benign) were analyzed and compared with all reported cases in the literature.
  • RESULTS: A total of 114 patients (mean +/- SEM age, 10 years, 2 days to 19 years +/- 0.53) with operatively proven ovarian torsion were identified.
  • Four malignancies (3.5%) and 26 benign neoplasms (23%) were present in this age group.
  • Malignancies consisted of serous borderline tumors (2), juvenile granulosa cell tumor (1), and dysgerminoma (1).
  • The literature yielded a total of 593 cases of operative ovarian torsion with 9 (1.5%) malignancies and 193 (33%) benign neoplasms.
  • The malignancies were juvenile granulosa cell tumor (n = 4), dysgerminoma (n = 2), serous borderline tumors (n = 2), and 1 undifferentiated adenocarcinoma.
  • CONCLUSION: By combining our series with 13 in the literature, a 1.8% malignancy rate occurred in 707 patients with ovarian torsion, markedly less than the reported malignancy rate of 10% in children with ovarian masses.
  • These data further support the implementation of operative detorsion and close postoperative ovarian surveillance, with reoperation for persistent masses.
  • Further study is needed to determine if delaying resection by weeks in those cases of persistent masses would result in tumor progression and thus change prognosis.
  • [MeSH-major] Ovarian Diseases / diagnosis. Ovarian Neoplasms / diagnosis. Torsion Abnormality / diagnosis
  • [MeSH-minor] Adenocarcinoma / diagnosis. Adenocarcinoma / surgery. Adolescent. Adult. Age Factors. Child. Child, Preschool. Diagnosis, Differential. Dysgerminoma / diagnosis. Dysgerminoma / surgery. Female. Granulosa Cell Tumor / diagnosis. Granulosa Cell Tumor / surgery. Humans. Incidence. Infant


20. Manjunath GV, Nandini NM, Sunila: Fine needle aspiration cytology of adenomatoid tumour--a case report with review of literature. Indian J Pathol Microbiol; 2005 Oct;48(4):503-4
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  • [Title] Fine needle aspiration cytology of adenomatoid tumour--a case report with review of literature.
  • Adenomatoid tumours are neoplasms of male and female genital tract with the epididymis being the most common site.
  • They also occur in uterus, fallopian tube, and ovary.
  • These benign tumours are asymptomatic or cause mild symptoms and a palpable mass.
  • Fine needle aspiration of these tumours is very useful to differentiate malignant from benign lesions and helps to avoid unnecessary aggressive surgical procedures.
  • FNAC of these benign epididymal tumours is diagnostic, rapid, reliable, conclusive and cost effective.
  • We are reporting a case of adenomatoid tumour of epididymis in a 41 year old male patient, diagnosed by FNAC and confirmed by histopathology.
  • [MeSH-major] Adenomatoid Tumor / pathology. Epididymis. Genital Neoplasms, Male / pathology
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Biopsy, Fine-Needle. Diagnosis, Differential. Female. Humans. Male

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  • (PMID = 16366111.001).
  • [ISSN] 0377-4929
  • [Journal-full-title] Indian journal of pathology & microbiology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Indian J Pathol Microbiol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] India
  • [Number-of-references] 7
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21. Tamai K, Koyama T, Saga T, Kido A, Kataoka M, Umeoka S, Fujii S, Togashi K: MR features of physiologic and benign conditions of the ovary. Eur Radiol; 2006 Dec;16(12):2700-11
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  • [Title] MR features of physiologic and benign conditions of the ovary.
  • In reproductive women, various physiologic conditions can cause morphologic changes of the ovary, resembling pathologic conditions.
  • Benign ovarian diseases can also simulate malignancies.
  • Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) can play an important role in establishing accurate diagnosis.
  • Functional cysts should not be confused with cystic neoplasms.
  • Multicystic lesions that may mimic cystic neoplasms include hyperreactio luteinalis, ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome, and polycystic ovary syndrome.
  • Recognition of clinical settings can help establish diagnosis.
  • In endometrial cysts, MRI usually provides specific diagnosis; however, decidual change during pregnancy should not be confused with secondary neoplasm.
  • Peritoneal inclusion cysts can be distinguished from cystic neoplasms by recognition of their characteristic configurations.
  • Ovarian torsion and massive ovarian edema may mimic solid malignant tumors.
  • In pelvic inflammatory diseases, transfascial spread of the lesion should not be confused with invasive malignant tumors.
  • Many benign tumors, including teratoma, Brenner tumor, and sex-cord stromal tumor, frequently show characteristic MRI features.
  • Knowledge of MRI features of these conditions is essential in establishing accurate diagnosis and determining appropriate treatment.
  • [MeSH-major] Magnetic Resonance Imaging / methods. Ovarian Diseases / diagnosis. Ovary / anatomy & histology
  • [MeSH-minor] Diagnosis, Differential. Female. Humans

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  • (PMID = 16736136.001).
  • [ISSN] 0938-7994
  • [Journal-full-title] European radiology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Eur Radiol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] Germany
  • [Number-of-references] 44
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22. Dalloul M, Sherer DM, Gorelick C, Serur E, Zinn H, Sanmugarajah J, Zigalo A, Abulafia O: Transient bilateral ovarian enlargement associated with large retroperitoneal lymphoma. Ultrasound Obstet Gynecol; 2007 Feb;29(2):236-8
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  • [Title] Transient bilateral ovarian enlargement associated with large retroperitoneal lymphoma.
  • Bilateral ovarian enlargement may reflect benign or malignant processes of the ovary.
  • Benign causes of ovarian enlargement include luteomas, tumors such as mature cystic teratomas, fibrothecomas, cystadenomas and rare conditions including capillary hemangioma and massive edema of the ovaries.
  • Ovarian malignancies include epithelial, stromal and germ-cell tumors.
  • Primary malignancies that may exhibit metastases to the ovaries include gastrointestinal, breast and soft tissue tumors such as lymphoma.
  • We present an unusual case in which a patient presenting with weakness and mild lower abdominal and pelvic pain was noted at sonography to have bilaterally enlarged ovaries with features similar to those of massive ovarian edema as described previously, which has been associated with venous and lymphatic obstruction.
  • Subsequent computerized tomography (CT) imaging depicted a large retroperitoneal tumor, CT-guided biopsy of which revealed diffuse large B cell lymphoma.
  • The patient responded well to chemotherapy with significant shrinkage of the tumor, and reappearance of normal findings on ovarian sonography.
  • This case demonstrates that bilaterally enlarged ovaries may be the first clinical evidence of a large retroperitoneal tumor and that in such cases CT imaging may be warranted.
  • [MeSH-major] Lymphoma, Large B-Cell, Diffuse / pathology. Ovarian Neoplasms / pathology. Ovary / pathology. Retroperitoneal Neoplasms / pathology

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  • [Copyright] Copyright 2007 ISUOG. Published by John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
  • (PMID = 17252529.001).
  • [ISSN] 0960-7692
  • [Journal-full-title] Ultrasound in obstetrics & gynecology : the official journal of the International Society of Ultrasound in Obstetrics and Gynecology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Ultrasound Obstet Gynecol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] England
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23. Ahmed N, Latifi A, Riley CB, Findlay JK, Quinn MA: Neuronal transcription factor Brn-3a(l) is over expressed in high-grade ovarian carcinomas and tumor cells from ascites of patients with advanced-stage ovarian cancer. J Ovarian Res; 2010;3:17
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  • [Title] Neuronal transcription factor Brn-3a(l) is over expressed in high-grade ovarian carcinomas and tumor cells from ascites of patients with advanced-stage ovarian cancer.
  • OBJECTIVES: In view of the recent association of Brn-3 transcription factors with neuroblastomas, cervical, breast, and prostate cancers we examined the expression of Brn-3a(l) in normal ovaries and in different histological grades of ovarian tumors.
  • The expression of Brn-3a(l) was also evaluated in normal ovarian and cancer cell lines and tumor cells isolated from the ascites of advanced-stage ovarian cancer patients.
  • METHODS: Normal ovaries, benign, borderline, grades 1, 2 and 3 ovarian tumors were analyzed by immunohistochemistry for Brn-3a(l) expression.
  • A total of 46 ovarian specimens were included in the study.
  • Immunofluorescence was used to investigate the expression of Brn-3a in normal ovarian and cancer cell lines.
  • Brn-3a(l) expression was also evaluated by Western blot in tumor cells isolated from ascites of advanced-stage ovarian cancer patients and also in ovarian cancer cell lines.
  • RESULTS: Nearly 12% of normal and benign ovarian tissues and 57% of borderline ovarian tumors were positive for epithelial Brn-3a(l) expression.
  • Stromal staining was higher and it constituted 40% of normal non-cancerous ovaries compared to 50 and 86% in benign and borderline tumors.
  • On the other hand, 85-100% of grades 1, 2 & 3 ovarian tumors demonstrated nuclear and cytoplasmic Brn-3a(l) staining in the epithelium.
  • Stromal staining in grades1, 2 and 3 tumors constituted 71-88% of total staining.
  • Overall, immunoreactive Brn-3a was present in all grades of ovarian tumors.
  • The extent of epithelial and stromal Brn-3a staining was significantly different between the normal and histological grades of tumors (epithelial-chi2 = 41.01, df = 20, P = 0.004, stromal-chi2 = 24.66. df = 15, P = 0.05).
  • The extent of epithelial staining was significantly higher in grades 1 and 2 ovarian tumors compared to normal ovaries and benign ovarian tumors (p < 0.05).
  • In parallel, stromal staining was significantly higher in grade 3 tumors compared to normal ovaries (p < 0.05).
  • In addition, cytoplasmic and nuclear Brn-3a expression was evident in ovarian cancer cell lines while no such expression was observed in SV40 antigen immortalized normal ovarian cell lines.
  • CONCLUSION: These data suggest that like other cancers, Brn-3a(l) expression is enhanced in ovarian tumors and its expression is consistent with its known role in inhibiting apoptosis and enhancing tumorigenesis.
  • Specific targeting of Brn-3a may provide a useful strategy for regulating multiple tumor related genes involved with ovarian carcinomas.

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  • (PMID = 20670407.001).
  • [ISSN] 1757-2215
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of ovarian research
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Ovarian Res
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC2920243
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24. Zhang B, Pan JS, Liu JY, Han SP, Hu G, Wang B: Effects of chemotherapy and/or radiotherapy on survivin expression in ovarian cancer. Methods Find Exp Clin Pharmacol; 2006 Nov;28(9):619-25
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  • [Title] Effects of chemotherapy and/or radiotherapy on survivin expression in ovarian cancer.
  • In this study, the correlation between the level of survivin expression and degree of apoptosis was investigated in three ovarian cancer lines (two chemoresistant cell lines SKOV-3 and OVCAR-3, as well as one chemosensitive cell line OV2008) treated with 5 microg/ml of cisdiamminedichloroplatinum (cisplatin, CDDP) for 24 h, 2 Gy of (60)Co irradiation, or 5 microg/ml CDDP for 3 h plus 2 Gy of (60)Co, respectively.
  • We also evaluated the survivin mRNA abundance in patients with advanced ovarian cancers during CDDP treatment.
  • In the ovarian cancer cell lines, survivin mRNA abundance and protein contents were significantly increased after the treatments while the apoptotic rates did not change in SKOV-3 and OVCAR-3.
  • Survivin mRNA was not detectable in normal ovarian tissues and benign ovarian tumors.
  • However, it was observed in the resected tumor specimens from 20 patients with advanced ovarian cancer.
  • These results suggested that survivin may play an important role in the resistance to chemotherapy and radiotherapy in ovarian cancer cell lines and in the progression of ovarian tumors.
  • Survivin may also provide a pivotal prognostic implication for epithelial ovarian carcinomas.
  • [MeSH-major] Microtubule-Associated Proteins / genetics. Neoplasm Proteins / genetics. Ovarian Neoplasms / genetics

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  • (PMID = 17200728.001).
  • [ISSN] 0379-0355
  • [Journal-full-title] Methods and findings in experimental and clinical pharmacology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Methods Find Exp Clin Pharmacol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] Spain
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / BIRC5 protein, human; 0 / Inhibitor of Apoptosis Proteins; 0 / Microtubule-Associated Proteins; 0 / Neoplasm Proteins; 0 / RNA, Messenger
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25. Saba L, Guerriero S, Sulcis R, Virgilio B, Melis G, Mallarini G: Mature and immature ovarian teratomas: CT, US and MR imaging characteristics. Eur J Radiol; 2009 Dec;72(3):454-63
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  • [Title] Mature and immature ovarian teratomas: CT, US and MR imaging characteristics.
  • Ovarian teratomas (OTs) are the most common germ cell neoplasm.
  • They include mature cystic teratomas, monodermal teratomas (neural tumors, struma ovarii, carcinoid tumors) and immature teratomas.
  • Teratomas are the most common benign ovarian neoplasms in women less than 45 years old.
  • [MeSH-major] Magnetic Resonance Imaging / methods. Ovarian Neoplasms / diagnosis. Teratoma / diagnosis. Tomography, X-Ray Computed / methods. Ultrasonography / methods

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  • (PMID = 18804932.001).
  • [ISSN] 1872-7727
  • [Journal-full-title] European journal of radiology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Eur J Radiol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] Ireland
  • [Number-of-references] 93
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26. McIntosh MW, Liu Y, Drescher C, Urban N, Diamandis EP: Validation and characterization of human kallikrein 11 as a serum marker for diagnosis of ovarian carcinoma. Clin Cancer Res; 2007 Aug 01;13(15 Pt 1):4422-8
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  • [Title] Validation and characterization of human kallikrein 11 as a serum marker for diagnosis of ovarian carcinoma.
  • PURPOSE: The serum tumor marker CA 125 is elevated in most clinically advanced ovarian carcinomas, and currently, one of the most promising early detection strategies for ovarian cancer uses CA 125 level in conjunction with imaging.
  • However, CA 125 is elevated in only 50% of early-stage ovarian cancer and is often elevated in women with benign ovarian tumors and other gynecologic diseases.
  • The human kallikrein 11 (hK11) marker has been reported to have favorable predictive value for ovarian cancer, although, by itself, it may be inferior to CA 125.
  • CA 125, hK11, and the composite marker were evaluated for their performance in identifying ovarian cancer and for temporal stability.
  • RESULTS: hK11 significantly distinguished ovarian cancer cases from healthy controls and is less sensitive to benign ovarian disease than is CA 125.
  • CONCLUSION: We conclude that hK11 is a valuable new biomarker for ovarian cancer and its temporal stability implies that it may do even better when used in a longitudinal screening program for early detection.
  • [MeSH-major] Biomarkers, Tumor / blood. Ovarian Neoplasms / blood. Serine Endopeptidases / blood
  • [MeSH-minor] Adenocarcinoma / blood. Adenocarcinoma / diagnosis. Adenocarcinoma, Mucinous / blood. Adenocarcinoma, Mucinous / diagnosis. CA-125 Antigen / metabolism. Carcinoma, Endometrioid / blood. Carcinoma, Endometrioid / diagnosis. Case-Control Studies. Cystadenocarcinoma, Serous / blood. Cystadenocarcinoma, Serous / diagnosis. Disease Progression. Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay. Female. Gene Expression Regulation, Neoplastic. Humans. Neoplasm Staging. Prognosis. Survival Rate. Up-Regulation

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  • (PMID = 17671125.001).
  • [ISSN] 1078-0432
  • [Journal-full-title] Clinical cancer research : an official journal of the American Association for Cancer Research
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Clin. Cancer Res.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Grant] United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / P50 CA083636; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / P50 CA83636; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / R21CA093568
  • [Publication-type] Comparative Study; Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't; Validation Studies
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Biomarkers, Tumor; 0 / CA-125 Antigen; 0 / trypsin-like serine protease; EC 3.4.21.- / Serine Endopeptidases
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27. Kunieda E, Hara H, Morikawa Y, Hirobe S, Kamagata S, Kubo A: Accumulation of gallium-67 within mature and immature teratoma in pediatric patients: investigation for the uptake mechanism. Ann Nucl Med; 2008 Apr;22(3):207-13
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  • The origins of the immature teratomas were retroperitoneum in two cases, an ovary and a sacrococcygeal region.
  • RESULTS: Of the 14 children, 5 (one with immature and four with mature subtype) showed positive (67)Ga uptake within tumors, which originated from the retroperitoneum in the 3 boys, and from the ovary in the 2 girls.
  • However, in the remaining one immature teratoma, the gallium distribution was diffuse within the tumor.
  • CONCLUSIONS: A high-uptake ratio of (67)Ga in benign teratoma was indicated.
  • [MeSH-major] Calcinosis / radionuclide imaging. Gallium Radioisotopes / pharmacokinetics. Ovarian Neoplasms / radionuclide imaging. Retroperitoneal Neoplasms / radionuclide imaging. Teratoma / radionuclide imaging

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  • (PMID = 18498036.001).
  • [ISSN] 0914-7187
  • [Journal-full-title] Annals of nuclear medicine
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Ann Nucl Med
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Japan
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Gallium Radioisotopes; 0 / Radiopharmaceuticals
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28. Derycke MS, Pambuccian SE, Gilks CB, Kalloger SE, Ghidouche A, Lopez M, Bliss RL, Geller MA, Argenta PA, Harrington KM, Skubitz AP: Nectin 4 overexpression in ovarian cancer tissues and serum: potential role as a serum biomarker. Am J Clin Pathol; 2010 Nov;134(5):835-45
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  • [Title] Nectin 4 overexpression in ovarian cancer tissues and serum: potential role as a serum biomarker.
  • Early detection of ovarian cancer is difficult owing to the lack of specific and sensitive tests available.
  • Previously, we found expression of nectin 4 to be increased in ovarian cancer compared with normal ovaries.
  • Reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) and quantitative RT-PCR validated the overexpression of nectin 4 messenger RNA in ovarian cancer compared with normal ovarian cell lines and tissues.
  • Protein levels of nectin 4 were elevated in ovarian cancer cell lines and tissue compared with normal ovarian cell lines as demonstrated by Western immunoblotting, flow cytometry, and immunohistochemical staining of tissue microarray slides.
  • In patients with benign gynecologic diseases with high serum CA125 levels, nectin 4 was not detected in the majority of cases, suggesting that nectin 4 may serve as a potential biomarker that helps discriminate benign gynecologic diseases from ovarian cancer in a panel with CA125.

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  • (PMID = 20959669.001).
  • [ISSN] 1943-7722
  • [Journal-full-title] American journal of clinical pathology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Am. J. Clin. Pathol.
  • [Language] ENG
  • [Grant] United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / CA106878-05; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / R01 CA106878; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / R01 CA106878-05; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / R01-CA106878
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Biomarkers, Tumor; 0 / Cell Adhesion Molecules; 0 / LNIR protein, human
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ NIHMS264396; NLM/ PMC3042138
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29. Furuya M, Suyama T, Usui H, Kasuya Y, Nishiyama M, Tanaka N, Ishiwata I, Nagai Y, Shozu M, Kimura S: Up-regulation of CXC chemokines and their receptors: implications for proinflammatory microenvironments of ovarian carcinomas and endometriosis. Hum Pathol; 2007 Nov;38(11):1676-87
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  • [Title] Up-regulation of CXC chemokines and their receptors: implications for proinflammatory microenvironments of ovarian carcinomas and endometriosis.
  • Molecular abnormalities in the epithelial cells of endometriosis and their relevance to carcinogenesis of the ovary have been well studied.
  • On the other hand, the differences of proinflammatory microenvironments between endometriosis and ovarian carcinomas have not been well documented yet.
  • In this study, the expression patterns of CXC chemokines (IL-8, ENA-78, GRO-alpha, I-TAC, Mig, and SDF-1) and their receptors (CXCR2, CXCR3, and CXCR4) were compared among 12 ovarian carcinomas, 8 endometriosis, and 6 normal ovaries using quantitative reverse transcriptase polymerase chain reaction and immunohistochemistry.
  • The CXCR3-mediated signaling in ovarian carcinoma cells in vitro was also investigated.
  • In carcinoma-endometriosis coexisting cases, CXCR3-positive lymphocytes in benign lesions decreased in proportion as CXCR3-positive tumor cells replaced the tissues.
  • CXCR3 was also detected in ovarian carcinoma cell lines in vitro.
  • The results indicated that CXC chemokines might contribute to the progression of ovarian carcinomas and endometriosis in different manners.
  • Aberrant expression of IFN-gamma-inducible chemokines and CXCR3 in carcinoma cells in association with reduced CXCR3-positive immune cells raised the possibility that IFN-gamma-inducible chemokines might not exert effective antitumor immune responses but that they might work in favor of tumor progression.
  • [MeSH-major] Chemokine CXCL1 / biosynthesis. Chemokines, CXC / biosynthesis. Endometriosis / physiopathology. Ovarian Neoplasms / physiopathology. Receptors, CXCR / biosynthesis
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Aged. Cell Line, Tumor. Chemokine CXCL11 / biosynthesis. Chemokine CXCL12 / biosynthesis. Chemokine CXCL5 / biosynthesis. Chemokine CXCL9 / biosynthesis. Female. Humans. Immunohistochemistry. Interleukin-8 / biosynthesis. Middle Aged. Ovary / metabolism. Receptors, CXCR3 / biosynthesis. Receptors, CXCR4 / biosynthesis. Up-Regulation

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  • (PMID = 17707463.001).
  • [ISSN] 0046-8177
  • [Journal-full-title] Human pathology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Hum. Pathol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / CXCL1 protein, human; 0 / CXCL11 protein, human; 0 / CXCL12 protein, human; 0 / CXCL5 protein, human; 0 / CXCL9 protein, human; 0 / CXCR3 protein, human; 0 / Chemokine CXCL1; 0 / Chemokine CXCL11; 0 / Chemokine CXCL12; 0 / Chemokine CXCL5; 0 / Chemokine CXCL9; 0 / Chemokines, CXC; 0 / Interleukin-8; 0 / Receptors, CXCR; 0 / Receptors, CXCR3; 0 / Receptors, CXCR4
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30. Sun PM, Wei LH, Luo MY, Liu G, Wang JL, Mustea A, Könsgen D, Lichtenegger W, Sehouli J: The telomerase activity and expression of hTERT gene can serve as indicators in the anti-cancer treatment of human ovarian cancer. Eur J Obstet Gynecol Reprod Biol; 2007 Feb;130(2):249-57
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  • [Title] The telomerase activity and expression of hTERT gene can serve as indicators in the anti-cancer treatment of human ovarian cancer.
  • OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the clinicopathological significance of telomerase activity and expression of hTERT gene in human ovarian cancer.
  • The potential value of them as indicators for chemotherapy in ovarian cancer cells was also studied.
  • MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 73 samples and ovarian cancer cell lines HO-8910 and COC1 were studied.
  • Alteration of the telomerase activity and hTERT mRNA were also analyzed in the ovarian cancer cells treated with different concentration and different time of cisplatin.
  • RESULTS: Telomerase activity are highly increased in malignancy (0.795+/-0.168(A450-655 nm)) than borderline (0.389+/-0.174(A450-655 nm)), benign tumors (0.236+/-0.102(A450-655 nm)) and normal ovary (0.213+/-0.070(A450-655 nm)) (p < 0.05).
  • Both of they may be useful in the predicting of chemotherapeutic effect in ovarian cancer.
  • [MeSH-major] Adenocarcinoma, Mucinous / genetics. Ovarian Neoplasms / genetics. Ovary / metabolism. RNA, Messenger / analysis. Telomerase / metabolism
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Aged. Antineoplastic Agents / pharmacology. Apoptosis / drug effects. Apoptosis / physiology. Biomarkers, Tumor / metabolism. Cell Line, Tumor. Cisplatin / pharmacology. Female. Flow Cytometry. Gene Expression. Humans. Middle Aged. Predictive Value of Tests. Treatment Outcome

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  • (PMID = 16519988.001).
  • [ISSN] 0301-2115
  • [Journal-full-title] European journal of obstetrics, gynecology, and reproductive biology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Eur. J. Obstet. Gynecol. Reprod. Biol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Evaluation Studies; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] Ireland
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Antineoplastic Agents; 0 / Biomarkers, Tumor; 0 / RNA, Messenger; EC 2.7.7.49 / TERT protein, human; EC 2.7.7.49 / Telomerase; Q20Q21Q62J / Cisplatin
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31. Devouassoux-Shisheboran M, Deschildre C, Mauduit C, Berger G, Mejean-Lebreton F, Bouvier R, Droz JP, Fénichel P, Benahmed M: Expression of galectin-3 in gonads and gonadal sex cord stromal and germ cell tumors. Oncol Rep; 2006 Aug;16(2):335-40
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  • [Title] Expression of galectin-3 in gonads and gonadal sex cord stromal and germ cell tumors.
  • Galectin-3, a beta-galactoside-binding lectin, has been implicated in many human malignancies, but has seldom been studied in human gonads and gonadal tumors.
  • The aim of our study was to investigate galectin-3 mRNA and protein expression in normal ovaries and testes as well as in a variety of 51 gonadal sex cord stromal and germ cell tumors, and two testicular seminomatous and non-seminomatous cell lines, using either real-time PCR or immunohistochemistry.
  • In human ovaries, galectin-3 is absent from granulosa cells, as well as from granulosa cell and Sertoli-Leydig cell tumors, and is not a useful marker in distinguishing granulosa cell from Sertoli-Leydig cell tumors.
  • In testicular tumorigenesis, galectin-3 has a dual function according to the histological type of tumors and their hormone dependency.
  • In malignant testicular Sertoli cell tumors, the expression of galectin-3 is down-regulated while, in benign Leydig cell tumors, this expression is maintained, indicating the possible implication of this gene in the development of more aggressive testicular sex cord stromal tumors.
  • In contrast to sex cord stromal tumors, galectin-3 expression is up-regulated in testicular germ cell tumors.
  • By real-time PCR, we demonstrated a significant elevation of the galectin-3 mRNA level in non-seminomatous testicular germ cell tumors and cell line as compared to normal testes and seminomas (p=0.0432 and p=0.0247, respectively), indicating the possible role of this gene in the non-seminomatous differentiation of germ cell tumors.
  • [MeSH-major] Biomarkers, Tumor / analysis. Galectin 3 / analysis. Sertoli Cell Tumor / diagnosis. Sex Cord-Gonadal Stromal Tumors / diagnosis. Testicular Neoplasms / diagnosis
  • [MeSH-minor] Female. Humans. Immunohistochemistry. Male. Ovarian Neoplasms / chemistry. Ovarian Neoplasms / diagnosis. Ovary / chemistry. RNA, Messenger / analysis. Receptors, Androgen / analysis. Reverse Transcriptase Polymerase Chain Reaction. Sertoli Cells / chemistry. Testis / chemistry

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  • (PMID = 16820912.001).
  • [ISSN] 1021-335X
  • [Journal-full-title] Oncology reports
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Oncol. Rep.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] Greece
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Biomarkers, Tumor; 0 / Galectin 3; 0 / RNA, Messenger; 0 / Receptors, Androgen
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32. Bershteĭn LM, Poroshina TE, Vasil'ev DA, Orlova AV: [Autoantibodies to steroid-producing ovarian cells in cancer patients]. Vopr Onkol; 2008;54(5):602-5
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  • [Title] [Autoantibodies to steroid-producing ovarian cells in cancer patients].
  • Our investigation included 158 women, aged 23-73: patients with tumors of the ovary, breast and endometrium--117 and subjects without oncological pathology--41.
  • Autoantibodies to microsomal fraction of follicular ovarian cells (> 500 Unit/ml) in healthy subjects were revealed 8.3% while in patients with ovarian, breast and endometrial malignancies (without significant differences between benign and malignant tumors) in 33.30%, 45.60% and 25.0%, respectively.
  • Higher level of anti-ovarian autoantibodies involved an inverse correlation between blood levels of FSH and estradiol in ovarian and endometrial carcinoma patients.
  • Whatever apparent predictive accuracy in oncological clinic, high concentrations of anti-ovarian autoantibodies point to certain shifts taking place in the formation of reproductive system pathology.
  • [MeSH-major] Autoantibodies / blood. Biomarkers, Tumor / blood. Breast Neoplasms / immunology. Endometrial Neoplasms / immunology. Gonadal Steroid Hormones / biosynthesis. Ovarian Neoplasms / immunology. Ovary / immunology

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  • (PMID = 19069474.001).
  • [ISSN] 0507-3758
  • [Journal-full-title] Voprosy onkologii
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Vopr Onkol
  • [Language] rus
  • [Publication-type] English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Russia (Federation)
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Autoantibodies; 0 / Biomarkers, Tumor; 0 / Gonadal Steroid Hormones; 4TI98Z838E / Estradiol; 9002-68-0 / Follicle Stimulating Hormone; 9010-34-8 / Thyroglobulin
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33. Ferrandina G, Bonanno G, Pierelli L, Perillo A, Procoli A, Mariotti A, Corallo M, Martinelli E, Rutella S, Paglia A, Zannoni G, Mancuso S, Scambia G: Expression of CD133-1 and CD133-2 in ovarian cancer. Int J Gynecol Cancer; 2008 May-Jun;18(3):506-14
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  • [Title] Expression of CD133-1 and CD133-2 in ovarian cancer.
  • Cancer stem cells have been isolated from several solid tumors including prostate, colon, liver, breast, and ovarian cancer.
  • The aims of this study were to investigate the expression of the CD133-1 and CD133-2 epitopes in primary ovarian tumors and to biologically characterize CD133(+) ovarian cancer cells, also according to clinicopathologic parameters.
  • Tissue specimens were obtained at primary surgery from 41 ovarian carcinomas; eight normal ovaries and five benign ovarian tumors were also collected.
  • The percentages of CD133-1- and CD133-2-expressing cells were significantly lower in normal ovaries/benign tumors with respect to those in ovarian carcinoma.
  • Both the percentages of CD133-1- and CD133-2-expressing cells were significantly lower in omental metastases than in primary ovarian cancer (P = 0.009 and 0.007 for CD133-1- and CD133-2-expressing cells, respectively).
  • CD133-1 and CD133-2 may be useful in order to select and enrich the population of CD133(+) ovarian tumor cells, which are characterized by a higher clonogenic efficiency and proliferative potential.
  • [MeSH-major] Antigens, CD / metabolism. Biomarkers, Tumor / metabolism. Glycoproteins / metabolism. Neoplasm Invasiveness / pathology. Ovarian Neoplasms / mortality. Ovarian Neoplasms / pathology. Peptides / metabolism
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Aged. Cohort Studies. Female. Flow Cytometry. Fluorescent Antibody Technique. Gene Expression Regulation, Neoplastic. Humans. Immunohistochemistry. Middle Aged. Neoplasm Staging. Probability. Prognosis. Reference Values. Reverse Transcriptase Polymerase Chain Reaction. Risk Assessment. Sensitivity and Specificity. Survival Analysis

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  • (PMID = 17868344.001).
  • [ISSN] 1525-1438
  • [Journal-full-title] International journal of gynecological cancer : official journal of the International Gynecological Cancer Society
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Int. J. Gynecol. Cancer
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Comparative Study; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / AC133 antigen; 0 / Antigens, CD; 0 / Biomarkers, Tumor; 0 / Glycoproteins; 0 / Peptides
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34. Zaman S, Majid S, Hussain M, Chughtai O, Mahboob J, Chughtai S: A retrospective study of ovarian tumours and tumour-like lesions. J Ayub Med Coll Abbottabad; 2010 Jan-Mar;22(1):104-8
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  • [Title] A retrospective study of ovarian tumours and tumour-like lesions.
  • Objective of the study was to determine the nature of various ovarian lesions and to ascertain the frequency and distribution of the various non-neoplastic and neoplastic lesions.
  • METHODS: The study was a retrospective review of all cases of ovarian cancer, benign ovarian neoplasm and functional ovarian cysts received during Jan-Dec 2008 at Chughtai's Lahore Laboratory.
  • Among the neoplastic tumours 78.70% were benign and 21.29% were malignant.
  • Benign serous cysts were the commonest benign tumour followed by mature cystic teratoma and mucinous cyst.
  • Serous cystadenocarcinoma was the commonest malignant tumour followed closely by endometrioid carcinoma and granulosa cell tumour.
  • Krukenberg tumour, tumour metastatic to ovaries and non-Hodgkins lymphoma was also diagnosed during this period.
  • CONCLUSION: The morphologic diversity of ovarian masses poses many challenges.
  • A specific diagnosis can usually be made by evaluating routinely stained slides but sometimes immunohistochemistry is required in difficult cases.
  • [MeSH-major] Ovarian Neoplasms / pathology
  • [MeSH-minor] Adolescent. Adult. Aged. Female. Humans. Middle Aged. Ovarian Cysts / epidemiology. Ovarian Cysts / pathology. Pakistan / epidemiology. Retrospective Studies

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  • (PMID = 21409917.001).
  • [ISSN] 1025-9589
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of Ayub Medical College, Abbottabad : JAMC
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Ayub Med Coll Abbottabad
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Pakistan
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35. De Backer A, Madern GC, Oosterhuis JW, Hakvoort-Cammel FG, Hazebroek FW: Ovarian germ cell tumors in children: a clinical study of 66 patients. Pediatr Blood Cancer; 2006 Apr;46(4):459-64
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  • [Title] Ovarian germ cell tumors in children: a clinical study of 66 patients.
  • BACKGROUND: Ovarian germ cell tumors are rare in childhood.
  • The aim of this study is to review clinical presentation, management, and outcome in a two-center series of girls with ovarian germ cell tumor.
  • PROCEDURE: The records of 66 patients (median age 9 years) with histologically proven ovarian germ cell tumor (either benign or malignant), treated over a 44-year-span, were reviewed.
  • The tumors were right-sided in 35, left-sided in 28, and bilateral in 3.
  • Sixteen patients had an emergency operation for tumor torsion.
  • Unilateral salpingo-oophorectomy was the most frequently performed procedure (n = 46), and ovarian-sparing tumorectomy was performed in 9 patients (one bilaterally).
  • Histologically, teratomas were found most frequently (mature: 45, immature: 9), followed by mixed tumors (n = 7), yolk sac tumors (n = 3), dysgerminoma (n = 2), gonadoblastoma (n = 2), and embryonal carcinoma (n = 1).
  • Surgical removal of the tumor with or without the ovary and/or adnex was the sole treatment in 55 patients, chemotherapy was administered in 10 and radiotherapy + chemotherapy in one.
  • CONCLUSIONS: With a recurrence rate of 4.5% and a mortality rate of 3%, this series confirms the excellent prognosis for girls with ovarian germ cell tumor (GCT).
  • [MeSH-major] Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols / therapeutic use. Neoplasms, Germ Cell and Embryonal / drug therapy. Ovarian Neoplasms / drug therapy
  • [MeSH-minor] Adolescent. Child. Child, Preschool. Female. Humans. Infant. Infant, Newborn. Magnetic Resonance Imaging. Neoplasm Staging. Tomography, X-Ray Computed. Treatment Outcome

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  • (PMID = 16206211.001).
  • [ISSN] 1545-5009
  • [Journal-full-title] Pediatric blood & cancer
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Pediatr Blood Cancer
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Multicenter Study
  • [Publication-country] United States
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36. Ni Bhriain H, Trovik J, Wik E, Stefansson IM, Akslen LA, Salvesen HB, Staff AC: Plasma calprotectin concentrations in women with endometrial carcinoma. Gynecol Oncol; 2009 Sep;114(3):491-5
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  • Also, median calprotectin concentration was elevated in the endometrial cancer group as compared to women with invasive ovarian cancer, borderline ovarian tumor and benign ovarian tumors.
  • [MeSH-major] Endometrial Neoplasms / blood. Leukocyte L1 Antigen Complex / blood
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Aged. Aged, 80 and over. Biomarkers, Tumor / blood. Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay. Female. Humans. Middle Aged. Neoplasm Staging. Prognosis. ROC Curve. Young Adult

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  • (PMID = 19577278.001).
  • [ISSN] 1095-6859
  • [Journal-full-title] Gynecologic oncology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Gynecol. Oncol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Biomarkers, Tumor; 0 / Leukocyte L1 Antigen Complex
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37. Li J, Zhong M, Song LL, Su GD: [Oncogene ZNF217 amplification on chromosome 20 q in ovarian serous cystadenocarcinoma and its clinical implications]. Nan Fang Yi Ke Da Xue Xue Bao; 2006 Jun;26(6):824-5
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  • [Title] [Oncogene ZNF217 amplification on chromosome 20 q in ovarian serous cystadenocarcinoma and its clinical implications].
  • OBJECTIVE: To investigate the amplification of zinc finger protein 217 (ZNF217) gene on chromosome 20 in ovarian cancer and its clinical significance.
  • METHODS: Twenty-three specimens of ovarian carcinoma (11 cases of early stage and 12 advanced stage), 10 specimens of benign ovarian tumors and 7 normal ovaries were examined for ZNF217 gene amplification on chromosome 20 by fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH).
  • RESULTS: ZNF217 gene amplification was detected in 12 cases of ovarian cancer (52.17%) and 1 case of benign ovarian tumor, but not in normal ovary.
  • ZNF217 amplification was significantly associated with ovarian cancer.
  • CONCLUSION: Oncogene ZNF217 is associated with the tumor stage and poor prognosis of patients with ovarian cancer.
  • [MeSH-major] Chromosomes, Human, Pair 20 / genetics. Cystadenocarcinoma, Serous / genetics. Gene Amplification. Ovarian Neoplasms / genetics. Trans-Activators / genetics

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  • (PMID = 16793610.001).
  • [ISSN] 1673-4254
  • [Journal-full-title] Nan fang yi ke da xue xue bao = Journal of Southern Medical University
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Nan Fang Yi Ke Da Xue Xue Bao
  • [Language] chi
  • [Publication-type] English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] China
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Trans-Activators; 0 / ZNF217 protein, human
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38. Zhang J, Li YL, Zhou CY, Hu YT, Chen HZ: Expression of octamer-4 in serous and mucinous ovarian carcinoma. J Clin Pathol; 2010 Oct;63(10):879-83
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  • [Title] Expression of octamer-4 in serous and mucinous ovarian carcinoma.
  • AIMS: To assess the expression of Oct4 in epithelial ovarian tumours.
  • METHODS: Expression of Oct4 was evaluated by immunohistochemistry in 460 cases of various epithelial ovarian lesions as well as 35 cases of normal fallopian tube epithelium.
  • RESULTS: Oct4 expression was significantly increased from normal epithelium (both ovarian epithelium and fallopian tube epithelium) to benign and borderline cystadenoma to carcinoma in the serous lesion subgroup.
  • CONCLUSION: Results suggest that Oct4 expression may contribute to the initiation, promotion and progression of serous ovarian carcinoma; it might be a useful biomarker for the diagnosis and outcome prediction of serous ovarian carcinoma.
  • [MeSH-major] Adenocarcinoma / metabolism. Biomarkers, Tumor / metabolism. Cystadenoma / metabolism. Octamer Transcription Factor-3 / metabolism. Ovarian Neoplasms / metabolism
  • [MeSH-minor] Adenocarcinoma, Mucinous / metabolism. Adenocarcinoma, Mucinous / pathology. Disease Progression. Epithelium / metabolism. Fallopian Tubes / metabolism. Female. Humans. Neoplasm Proteins / metabolism. Neoplasm Staging. Ovary / metabolism

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  • (PMID = 20876318.001).
  • [ISSN] 1472-4146
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of clinical pathology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Clin. Pathol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Biomarkers, Tumor; 0 / Neoplasm Proteins; 0 / Octamer Transcription Factor-3; 0 / POU5F1 protein, human
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39. Liberis V, Tsikouras P, Sivridis E, Dadidou M, Koutlaki N, Galazios G: Irregular dental structures in a benign ovarian cystic teratoma (dermoid cyst): case report. Clin Exp Obstet Gynecol; 2008;35(2):151-2
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  • [Title] Irregular dental structures in a benign ovarian cystic teratoma (dermoid cyst): case report.
  • Mature cystic teratomas, often referred to as dermoid cysts, are the most common germ cell tumors of the ovary in women of reproductive age.
  • We present a case of a dermoid cyst ovarian tumor in a 24-your-old patient with a tooth lying on each wall.
  • The mass was laparoscopically removed by ovarian cystectomy.
  • [MeSH-major] Choristoma / pathology. Dermoid Cyst / pathology. Ovarian Neoplasms / pathology. Tooth

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  • (PMID = 18581775.001).
  • [ISSN] 0390-6663
  • [Journal-full-title] Clinical and experimental obstetrics & gynecology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Clin Exp Obstet Gynecol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Italy
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40. Youssef A, Ben Ghezala M, Oueslati A, Agrebi W, Oueslati H: [Sertoli-Leydig cell tumor of the ovary]. Tunis Med; 2006 Mar;84(3):209-11
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  • [Title] [Sertoli-Leydig cell tumor of the ovary].
  • [Transliterated title] Les tumeurs de Sertoli-Leydig de l'ovaire.
  • Sertoli-Leidig cell tumor of the ovary is a rare tumor.
  • It accounts for 0.5 - 1% of all ovarian tumors.
  • Sertoli-Leidig cell tumors are commonly benign and they occur in young women who desire further childrearing.
  • For the malign Sertoli-Leidig cell tumor, radical treatment is required.
  • The aim of this work is the analysis of clinical, para-clinical and therapeutic aspects of these tumors.
  • [MeSH-major] Ovarian Neoplasms / pathology. Sertoli-Leydig Cell Tumor / pathology

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  • (PMID = 16755966.001).
  • [ISSN] 0041-4131
  • [Journal-full-title] La Tunisie médicale
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Tunis Med
  • [Language] fre
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Tunisia
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41. Leung YK, Lau KM, Mobley J, Jiang Z, Ho SM: Overexpression of cytochrome P450 1A1 and its novel spliced variant in ovarian cancer cells: alternative subcellular enzyme compartmentation may contribute to carcinogenesis. Cancer Res; 2005 May 1;65(9):3726-34
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  • [Title] Overexpression of cytochrome P450 1A1 and its novel spliced variant in ovarian cancer cells: alternative subcellular enzyme compartmentation may contribute to carcinogenesis.
  • Epithelial ovarian cancer derived from the human ovarian surface epithelium (HOSE) is the leading cause of death from gynecologic malignancies among American women.
  • In this study, we showed overexpression of CYP1A1 mRNA, but not CYP1B1 transcripts, in ovarian cancer cell lines when compared with primary cultures or immortalized HOSE cell lines.
  • CYP1A1v is overexpressed in ovarian cancer cell lines and exhibits a unique subcellular distribution restricted to the nucleus and mitochondria, contrary to the endoplasmic reticulum localization of the wild-type enzyme.
  • In concordance, total CYP1A1 activity, as measured by the ethoxyresorufin O-deethylase assay, was detected in mitochondrial, nuclear, and microsomal fractions of ovarian cancer cells but was notably absent in all subcellular fractions of HOSE cells.
  • Immunocytochemistry studies in 30 clinical specimens revealed overexpression of CYP1A1 in various types of ovarian cancers compared with benign epithelia and frequent localization of the enzyme to cancer cell nuclei.
  • Collectively, these data provided the first evidence that CYP1A1 overexpression and alternative splicing could contribute to ovarian cancer initiation and progression.
  • [MeSH-major] Cytochrome P-450 CYP1A1 / biosynthesis. Cytochrome P-450 CYP1A1 / genetics. Ovarian Neoplasms / enzymology. Ovarian Neoplasms / genetics
  • [MeSH-minor] Alternative Splicing. Base Sequence. Benzo(a)pyrene / pharmacokinetics. Carcinogens / pharmacokinetics. Cell Line, Tumor. Cell Nucleus / enzymology. Cell Transformation, Neoplastic / drug effects. Cell Transformation, Neoplastic / genetics. Cell Transformation, Neoplastic / metabolism. Epithelium / enzymology. Epithelium / pathology. Estradiol / pharmacokinetics. Female. Humans. Isoenzymes. Mitochondria / enzymology. Molecular Sequence Data. Ovary / cytology. Ovary / drug effects. Ovary / enzymology. RNA, Messenger / biosynthesis. RNA, Messenger / genetics. Subcellular Fractions / enzymology. Transfection

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  • (PMID = 15867368.001).
  • [ISSN] 0008-5472
  • [Journal-full-title] Cancer research
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Cancer Res.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Grant] United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / CA94221
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Carcinogens; 0 / Isoenzymes; 0 / RNA, Messenger; 3417WMA06D / Benzo(a)pyrene; 4TI98Z838E / Estradiol; EC 1.14.14.1 / Cytochrome P-450 CYP1A1
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42. Shao SL, Cai Y, Wang QH, Yan LJ, Zhao XY, Wang LX: [Expression of GLUT-1, p63 and DNA-Pkcs in serous ovarian tumors and their significance]. Zhonghua Zhong Liu Za Zhi; 2007 Sep;29(9):697-700
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  • [Title] [Expression of GLUT-1, p63 and DNA-Pkcs in serous ovarian tumors and their significance].
  • OBJECTIVE: To investigate the expression of GLUT1, p63 and DNA-Pkcs in serous ovarian tumors and their significance.
  • METHODS: GTUL1, p63 and DNA-Pkcs expression at protein level was detected by immunohistochemistry in patients with serous ovarian tumors.
  • Chi-square analysis was used to assess if their expression is associated with clinicopathologic characteristics of the tumors.
  • RESULTS: Cells in the normal ovarian tissues were not stained with GTUL1 and p63 antiserum, but DNA-Pkcs was positively stained.
  • The intensity of GTUT1 and p63 expression was stronger in malignant ovarian serous tumors compared with other subtypes (P < 0.01).
  • There were significant differences of DNA-PKcs among normal ovaries (100.0%), benign (95.0%), borderline (90.0%) and malignant (60.0%) serious ovarian neoplasms (P < 0.01).
  • CONCLUSION: The results suggest that the abnormal expression of GTUT1, p63 and DNA-Pkcs may perhaps participate in serous ovarian tumor occurrence and development and may be considered as a marker reflecting tumor malignant behavior.
  • [MeSH-major] Cystadenocarcinoma, Serous / metabolism. DNA-Activated Protein Kinase / metabolism. Glucose Transporter Type 1 / metabolism. Nuclear Proteins / metabolism. Ovarian Neoplasms / metabolism. Trans-Activators / metabolism. Tumor Suppressor Proteins / metabolism
  • [MeSH-minor] Adolescent. Adult. Aged. Cystadenoma, Serous / metabolism. Cystadenoma, Serous / pathology. Epithelium / metabolism. Female. Gene Expression Regulation, Neoplastic. Humans. Immunohistochemistry. Lymphatic Metastasis. Middle Aged. Neoplasm Staging. Ovary / cytology. Transcription Factors. Young Adult

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  • (PMID = 18246802.001).
  • [ISSN] 0253-3766
  • [Journal-full-title] Zhonghua zhong liu za zhi [Chinese journal of oncology]
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Zhonghua Zhong Liu Za Zhi
  • [Language] chi
  • [Publication-type] English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] China
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Glucose Transporter Type 1; 0 / Nuclear Proteins; 0 / SLC2A1 protein, human; 0 / TP63 protein, human; 0 / Trans-Activators; 0 / Transcription Factors; 0 / Tumor Suppressor Proteins; EC 2.7.11.1 / DNA-Activated Protein Kinase; EC 2.7.11.1 / PRKDC protein, human
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43. Kurman RJ, Shih IeM: The origin and pathogenesis of epithelial ovarian cancer: a proposed unifying theory. Am J Surg Pathol; 2010 Mar;34(3):433-43
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  • [Title] The origin and pathogenesis of epithelial ovarian cancer: a proposed unifying theory.
  • Ovarian cancer is the most lethal gynecologic malignancy.
  • Efforts at early detection and new therapeutic approaches to reduce mortality have been largely unsuccessful, because the origin and pathogenesis of epithelial ovarian cancer are poorly understood.
  • This has led to the proposal that ovarian cancer develops de novo.
  • Studies have shown that epithelial ovarian cancer is not a single disease but is composed of a diverse group of tumors that can be classified based on distinctive morphologic and molecular genetic features.
  • One group of tumors, designated type I, is composed of low-grade serous, low-grade endometrioid, clear cell, mucinous and transitional (Brenner) carcinomas.
  • These tumors generally behave in an indolent fashion, are confined to the ovary at presentation and, as a group, are relatively genetically stable.
  • Moreover, the carcinomas exhibit a shared lineage with the corresponding benign cystic neoplasm, often through an intermediate (borderline tumor) step, supporting the morphologic continuum of tumor progression.
  • In contrast, another group of tumors, designated type II, is highly aggressive, evolves rapidly and almost always presents in advanced stage.
  • Type II tumors include conventional high-grade serous carcinoma, undifferentiated carcinoma, and malignant mixed mesodermal tumors (carcinosarcoma).
  • They displayTP53 mutations in over 80% of cases and rarely harbor the mutations that are found in the type I tumors.
  • Recent studies have also provided cogent evidence that what have been traditionally thought to be primary ovarian tumors actually originate in other pelvic organs and involve the ovary secondarily.
  • Thus, it has been proposed that serous tumors arise from the implantation of epithelium (benign or malignant) from the fallopian tube.
  • Endometrioid and clear cell tumors have been associated with endometriosis that is regarded as the precursor of these tumors.
  • As it is generally accepted that endometriosis develops from endometrial tissue by retrograde menstruation, it is reasonable to assume that the endometrium is the source of these ovarian neoplasms.
  • Finally, preliminary data suggest that mucinous and transitional (Brenner) tumors arise from transitional-type epithelial nests at the tubal-mesothelial junction by a process of metaplasia.


44. Hayashi M, Shibazaki M, Sohma R, Inaba N: Effects of histologic type on levels of macrophage colony-stimulating factor in liquid contents of benign ovarian tumors. Am J Med Sci; 2006 Oct;332(4):181-5
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  • [Title] Effects of histologic type on levels of macrophage colony-stimulating factor in liquid contents of benign ovarian tumors.
  • BACKGROUND: Normal ovarian tissue is rich in cytokines.
  • Cytokines are important in the physiology of ovarian function.
  • Most of the same cytokines that are found in normal ovarian tissue are also found in association with benign and malignant tumors in contrast to their functions in normal tissues.
  • Thus, we measured macrophage colony-stimulating factor (M-CSF) levels in the liquid contents of benign ovarian tumors--serous cystadenoma, mucinous cystadenoma, and mature cystic teratoma--and investigated whether M-CSF levels were associated with the histologic type of the ovarian tumors.
  • METHODS: We enrolled 65 patients, 52 with benign ovarian tumor and 13 in the early postmenopausal period with symptoms of a menopausal disorder.
  • Among the 52 patients with benign ovarian tumor, 16 had serous cystadenoma, 21 had mucinous cystadenoma, and 15 had mature cystic teratoma.
  • Immediately after surgery, the liquid content was drawn from the ovarian tumor, then centrifuged, and the separated supernatant was stored at -30 degrees C.
  • The serum M-CSF levels were 308 to 499 U/mL in patients with benign ovarian tumor.
  • CONCLUSIONS: Elevation of levels of M-CSF varies according to histologic type in benign ovarian tumors.
  • [MeSH-major] Extracellular Fluid / metabolism. Macrophage Colony-Stimulating Factor / metabolism. Neoplasm Proteins / metabolism. Neoplasms / metabolism. Neoplasms / pathology. Ovarian Neoplasms / metabolism. Ovarian Neoplasms / pathology

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  • (PMID = 17031243.001).
  • [ISSN] 0002-9629
  • [Journal-full-title] The American journal of the medical sciences
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Am. J. Med. Sci.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Comparative Study; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Neoplasm Proteins; 81627-83-0 / Macrophage Colony-Stimulating Factor
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45. Zhang WY, Pan Y, Zhu LR, Zhang JZ, Zhang M, Feng K, Zhou L, Yu L, Zhang XM, Ng SW: [Expression of topoisomerase III alpha in epithelial ovarian tumors of different types and relation between the expression of topoisomerase III alpha and the clinical pathology of tumor]. Zhonghua Yi Xue Za Zhi; 2005 Nov 9;85(42):2988-91
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  • [Title] [Expression of topoisomerase III alpha in epithelial ovarian tumors of different types and relation between the expression of topoisomerase III alpha and the clinical pathology of tumor].
  • OBJECTIVE: To investigate the expression status of topoisomerase IIIa in epithelial ovarian tumor and the relationship between the expression status of topoisomerase IIIa and pathological type and clinical stage of epithelial ovarian carcinoma.
  • METHODS: Immunohistochemistry was carried out in the samples of ovarian tumor obtained during operation from 169 patients, aged 28 approximately 59, 18 cases with serous cystadenoma, 30 cases with serous borderline cystadenoma, 37 serous cystadenocarcinoma, 10 cases with mucous cystadenoma, 20 mucous borderline cystadenoma, 26 mucous cystadenocarcinoma, 19 cases with endometrial carcinoma of ovary, and 9 cases with clear cell carcinoma.
  • RESULTS: The expression rate of topoisomerase IIIa was 17.9% in the benign ovarian tumors, 74.0% in the borderline cystadenoma, and 42.7% in the malignant tumors with statistical significance among them (chi(2) = 24.657, P < 0.001).
  • There was no correlation between the expression of topoisomerase IIIa and the clinical stage or pathological grade of the tumors (P = 0.903 and P = 0.844).
  • CONCLUSION: Topoisomerase IIIa is highly expressed in epithelial ovarian carcinoma, and its expression level is correlated with the character and type of tumor tissues.
  • [MeSH-major] DNA Topoisomerases, Type I / biosynthesis. Ovarian Neoplasms / enzymology
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Cystadenoma, Mucinous / enzymology. Cystadenoma, Mucinous / pathology. Cystadenoma, Serous / enzymology. Cystadenoma, Serous / pathology. Female. Humans. Immunohistochemistry. Isoenzymes / biosynthesis. Middle Aged. Neoplasm Staging

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  • (PMID = 16324386.001).
  • [ISSN] 0376-2491
  • [Journal-full-title] Zhonghua yi xue za zhi
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Zhonghua Yi Xue Za Zhi
  • [Language] chi
  • [Publication-type] English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] China
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Isoenzymes; EC 5.99.1.2 / DNA Topoisomerases, Type I; EC 5.99.1.2 / DNA topoisomerase III
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46. Attia L, Chachia A, Ben Temime R, Bennour G, Makhlouf T, Koubâa A: [Benign ovarian tumors during pregnancy. A review of 26 cases]. Tunis Med; 2008 Jul;86(7):680-4
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  • [Title] [Benign ovarian tumors during pregnancy. A review of 26 cases].
  • [Transliterated title] Tumeurs de l'ovaire au cours de la grossesse: a propos de 26 cas.
  • OBJECTIVE: To identify the particularities of ovarian tumors during pregnancy.
  • METHODS: A retrospective study of 26 patients who underwent surgical treatment for ovarian tumors during pregnancy between January 1993 and December 2005.
  • The circumstances under which the ovarian tumors were discovered consisted of adnexal torsion in 57% of cases, chronic pelvic pain in 15% of cases and at routine ultrasonographic scan in 26% of cases.
  • CONCLUSION: Ovarian tumors during pregnancy are rare.
  • Laparoscopic ovarian cystectomy offers significant advantages with respect to laparotomy for the pregnant patient.
  • [MeSH-major] Ovarian Cysts / diagnosis. Ovarian Cysts / surgery. Pregnancy Complications, Neoplastic / diagnosis. Pregnancy Complications, Neoplastic / surgery

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  • (PMID = 19472731.001).
  • [ISSN] 0041-4131
  • [Journal-full-title] La Tunisie médicale
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Tunis Med
  • [Language] fre
  • [Publication-type] English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Tunisia
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47. Takeuchi M, Matsuzaki K, Nishitani H, Uehara H: Ancient schwannoma of the female pelvis. Abdom Imaging; 2008 Mar-Apr;33(2):247-52
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  • BACKGROUND: The objective of this article is to define the imaging characteristics of ancient schwannoma, which is a rare variant of benign schwannoma with degenerative changes, arising in the female pelvis simulating ovarian tumors.
  • To detect ipsilateral normal ovary and to demonstrate centripetal displacement of the adjacent rectum or iliac vessels were helpful to diagnose the tumor as an extra-ovarian mass situated at the extraperitoneal region.
  • CONCLUSIONS: Diagnosis of ancient schwannoma before surgical treatment is important and should be made by its characteristic clinical and imaging findings.
  • [MeSH-major] Neurilemmoma / diagnosis. Pelvic Neoplasms / diagnosis
  • [MeSH-minor] Aged. Diagnosis, Differential. Disease Progression. Female. Humans. Magnetic Resonance Imaging / methods. Middle Aged. Pelvis / pathology. Pelvis / radiography. Pelvis / surgery. Rare Diseases. Retrospective Studies. Time. Tomography, X-Ray Computed / methods

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  • (PMID = 17440769.001).
  • [ISSN] 1432-0509
  • [Journal-full-title] Abdominal imaging
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Abdom Imaging
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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48. Oh SN, Rha SE, Jung SE, Lee YJ, Choi BG, Byun JY, Ku YM, Jung CK: Transitional cell tumor of the ovary: computed tomographic and magnetic resonance imaging features with pathological correlation. J Comput Assist Tomogr; 2009 Jan-Feb;33(1):106-12
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  • [Title] Transitional cell tumor of the ovary: computed tomographic and magnetic resonance imaging features with pathological correlation.
  • OBJECTIVE: To describe computed tomographic (CT) and magnetic resonance (MR) imaging findings of transitional cell tumors, including newly established transitional cell carcinoma, according to tumor type with pathological correlation.
  • METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed the CT and MR images of 22 patients with transitional cell tumors of ovary (14 benign Brenner, 2 borderline Brenner, 2 malignant Brenner, and 4 transitional cell carcinomas) for the following factors: size, location, configuration, signal intensity, staging, and accompanying ovarian tumors.
  • RESULTS: Sixteen tumors were detected on CT or MRI (8 benign, 2 borderline, and 6 malignant tumors), and the mean size of measurable tumors was 8.8 cm.
  • Benign Brenner tumors were homogeneous solid (n = 6) or unilocular cystic (n = 2).
  • Two borderline Brenner tumors were multilocular cystic.
  • Malignant tumors, including malignant Brenner tumors and transitional cell carcinomas, were heterogeneous solid (n = 3) or multilocular cystic (n = 3).
  • The signal intensity of solid components on T2-weighted images was isointense compared with that of muscle in benign and borderline Brenner tumors and hyperintense in malignant tumors.
  • CONCLUSIONS: The CT and MR appearance of transitional cell tumors varied according to tumor type.
  • Benign Brenner tumors were homogeneous solid or unilocular cystic pattern, and malignant tumors were heterogeneous solid or multilocular cystic.
  • [MeSH-major] Carcinoma, Transitional Cell / pathology. Carcinoma, Transitional Cell / radiography. Magnetic Resonance Imaging / methods. Ovarian Neoplasms / pathology. Ovarian Neoplasms / radiography. Tomography, X-Ray Computed / methods

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  • (PMID = 19188796.001).
  • [ISSN] 1532-3145
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of computer assisted tomography
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Comput Assist Tomogr
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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49. Li Q, Liu S, Lin B, Yan L, Wang Y, Wang C, Zhang S: Expression and correlation of Lewis y antigen and integrins α5 and β1 in ovarian serous and mucinous carcinoma. Int J Gynecol Cancer; 2010 Dec;20(9):1482-9
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  • [Title] Expression and correlation of Lewis y antigen and integrins α5 and β1 in ovarian serous and mucinous carcinoma.
  • INTRODUCTION: This study investigates the expression and the clinical significance of Lewis y and integrins α5 and β1 in serous and mucinous ovarian tumors and then evaluates the association between them.
  • METHODS: Lewis y and integrin α5 and β1 expression are detected on tissues from malignant, borderline, and benign ovarian serous and mucinous tumors and normal tissues.
  • RESULTS: Lewis y was mainly expressed in ovarian serous and mucinous cancers (88.33%); its positive rate was obviously higher than rates in the borderline (60.00%, P < 0.05) and benign ovarian tumors (35.00%, P < 0.01) and normal ovarian tissues (0, P < 0.01) and was not associated with clinicopathological characteristics.
  • Integrins α5 (85.00%) and β1 (81.67%) were also mainly expressed in ovarian serous and mucinous cancers; their positive rates were all obviously higher than those in benign ovarian tumors (60.00% and 55.00%, respectively; all P < 0.05) and normal tissues (40.00% and 30.00%, respectively; all P < 0.01).
  • The expression intensity of Lewis y and integrins α5 and β1 was significant with clinical stage and differentiation degree (all P < 0.05) in ovarian cancer; positive significant correlation between Lewis y antigen and integrins α5 and β1 was observed in serous and mucinous ovarian cancer tissues.
  • CONCLUSIONS: A close correlation between Lewis y, integrins α5 and β1, and ovarian cancer was observed.
  • Lewis y can influence the biological behavior of a tumor cell as an important composition of integrins α5 and β1 by some signal pathway, such as promoting cell adhesion and migration, and this study provides theoretical evidence of ovarian cancer biological treatment.
  • [MeSH-major] Adenocarcinoma, Mucinous / metabolism. Antigens, CD29 / metabolism. Cystadenocarcinoma, Serous / metabolism. Integrin alpha5 / metabolism. Lewis Blood-Group System / metabolism. Ovarian Neoplasms / metabolism
  • [MeSH-minor] Adolescent. Adult. Aged. Biomarkers, Tumor / analysis. Biomarkers, Tumor / metabolism. Case-Control Studies. Female. Humans. Integrin alpha5beta1 / metabolism. Middle Aged. Neoplasm Staging / methods. Prognosis. Young Adult

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  • (PMID = 21119363.001).
  • [ISSN] 1525-1438
  • [Journal-full-title] International journal of gynecological cancer : official journal of the International Gynecological Cancer Society
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Int. J. Gynecol. Cancer
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Evaluation Studies; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Antigens, CD29; 0 / Biomarkers, Tumor; 0 / Integrin alpha5; 0 / Integrin alpha5beta1; 0 / Lewis Blood-Group System; 0 / Lewis Y antigen
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50. Esheba GE, Pate LL, Longacre TA: Oncofetal protein glypican-3 distinguishes yolk sac tumor from clear cell carcinoma of the ovary. Am J Surg Pathol; 2008 Apr;32(4):600-7
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  • [Title] Oncofetal protein glypican-3 distinguishes yolk sac tumor from clear cell carcinoma of the ovary.
  • Clear cell carcinoma (CCC) of the ovary is the surface epithelial neoplasm most often confused with primitive germ cell tumors, particularly yolk sac tumor (YST) and dysgerminoma.
  • Recent studies suggest that glypican-3 (GPC3), an oncofetal protein expressed in fetal liver and malignant tumors of hepatocytic lineage, is also expressed in germ cell tumors, particularly YST.
  • To investigate whether GPC3 is useful in distinguishing YST from ovarian CCC, we studied the expression of GPC3 in a large series of ovarian neoplasms and compared it to the expression profiles of CK7 and alpha-fetoprotein.
  • Tissue microarrays containing over 400 benign and malignant ovarian neoplasms, including 34 CCCs were stained with monoclonal GPC3 (clone 1G12, Biomosaics, Burlington, VT).
  • These arrays contained a wide assortment of ovarian surface epithelial neoplasms and sex cord stromal neoplasms, as well as germ cell tumors.
  • All but one YST (97%), including those associated with mixed germ cell tumor were positive for GPC3, whereas all teratomas and embryonal carcinomas were negative.
  • The syncytiotrophoblastic cells in the germ cell tumors and placental villi included in the arrays were also positive for GPC3.
  • Most CCCs (83%) were completely negative for GPC3, as were 99% serous, 94% endometrioid, and 100% mucinous tumors.
  • All other tissues, including normal ovary were negative for GPC3.
  • GPC3 seems to be a promising diagnostic marker for differentiating YST from ovarian CCC (P < 0.0001).
  • [MeSH-major] Antigens, Neoplasm / analysis. Biomarkers, Tumor / analysis. Carcinoma / chemistry. Endodermal Sinus Tumor / chemistry. Glypicans / analysis. Ovarian Neoplasms / chemistry
  • [MeSH-minor] Diagnosis, Differential. Female. Humans. Immunohistochemistry. Keratin-7 / analysis. Predictive Value of Tests. Sensitivity and Specificity. Tissue Array Analysis. alpha-Fetoproteins / analysis

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  • (PMID = 18277882.001).
  • [ISSN] 0147-5185
  • [Journal-full-title] The American journal of surgical pathology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Am. J. Surg. Pathol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Comparative Study; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Antigens, Neoplasm; 0 / Biomarkers, Tumor; 0 / GPC3 protein, human; 0 / Glypicans; 0 / KRT7 protein, human; 0 / Keratin-7; 0 / alpha-Fetoproteins; 0 / oncofetal antigens
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51. Ota T, Klausen C, Salamanca MC, Woo HL, Leung PC, Auersperg N: Expression and function of HOXA genes in normal and neoplastic ovarian epithelial cells. Differentiation; 2009 Feb;77(2):162-71
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  • [Title] Expression and function of HOXA genes in normal and neoplastic ovarian epithelial cells.
  • We studied the roles of three HOXA genes in cultured normal ovarian surface epithelial (OSE) cells and ovarian cancer cells.
  • They included HOXA4 and HOXA7 because, by cDNA microarray analysis, these were more highly expressed in invasive ovarian carcinomas than in benign or borderline (noninvasive) ovarian tumors, and HOXA9 because it characterizes normal oviductal epithelium, which resembles ovarian serous adenocarcinomas.
  • The expression of the HOXA genes varied among ovarian cancer cell lines, but was highest in lines with compact epithelial morphologies.
  • We focused on HOXA4 as the most highly expressed in the ovarian carcinoma array.
  • HOXA4 expression did not parallel proliferative activities of either OSE or ovarian cancer lines.
  • Moreover, modifying HOXA4 expression in ovarian cancer cell lines did not alter either E-cadherin expression or CA125 secretion.
  • However, HOXA4 downregulation enhanced EGFR phosphorylation and migration in serum-starved OSE and ovarian cancer cells in response to EGF, and enhanced migration of all ovarian cancer lines in 5% serum even without EGF treatment.
  • Thus, HOXA4 expression does not correlate with proliferation or with epithelial differentiation, but it increases in response to OSE cell dispersion and negatively regulates EGFR activation and the motility of OSE and of ovarian cancer cells.
  • In summary, increased HOXA4 expression in ovarian cancer appears to constitute a tumor-suppressive, homeostatic response to aberrant cell behavior, and, in particular, to cell dispersion and migration.
  • [MeSH-major] Epithelial Cells / metabolism. Gene Expression Regulation, Neoplastic. Homeodomain Proteins / genetics. Homeodomain Proteins / metabolism. Neoplasms, Glandular and Epithelial / metabolism. Ovarian Neoplasms / metabolism
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Blotting, Western. Cell Differentiation. Cell Line, Tumor. Cells, Cultured. Down-Regulation. Female. Gene Expression Regulation. Humans. Middle Aged. Ovary / cytology. Ovary / metabolism. Reference Standards. Reverse Transcriptase Polymerase Chain Reaction


52. Khunamornpong S, Lerwill MF, Siriaunkgul S, Suprasert P, Pojchamarnwiputh S, Chiangmai WN, Young RH: Carcinoma of extrahepatic bile ducts and gallbladder metastatic to the ovary: a report of 16 cases. Int J Gynecol Pathol; 2008 Jul;27(3):366-79
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  • [Title] Carcinoma of extrahepatic bile ducts and gallbladder metastatic to the ovary: a report of 16 cases.
  • Information on ovarian metastasis of carcinoma of the extrahepatic bile ducts and gallbladder is limited.
  • Sixteen examples are reported; 3 primary tumors were hilar cholangiocarcinomas, 5 common bile duct carcinomas, and 8 gallbladder carcinomas.
  • The patients ranged from 21 to 87 years (mean, 59 years); 7 presented to gynecologists with nonspecific pelvic symptoms similar to primary ovarian neoplasms.
  • The primary tumor was identified before the detection of the ovarian lesions in 5 cases, was simultaneously detected with the ovarian metastases in 9, and was diagnosed postoperatively in 2.
  • All but one case had bilateral ovarian involvement.
  • The thirty-one ovarian lesions included twenty-nine grossly abnormal ovaries that were enlarged (range, 3.0-16.5 cm, mean, 9.4 cm) and 2 ovaries with only microscopic involvement.
  • Microscopically, ovarian surface implants were seen in 66%, multinodular growth in 58%, and infiltrative stromal invasion in 81%.
  • Mucinous epithelial differentiation was seen in 81%, sometimes with foci of benign-like or borderline-like epithelium simulating primary ovarian mucinous neoplasia.
  • Signet ring cells were present in sufficient quantity for a diagnosis of Krukenberg tumor in four tumors.
  • Colloid-type carcinoma was observed at least focally in 3 tumors.
  • Although the diagnosis of a metastatic tumor to the ovary is possible in most of the cases based on standard diagnostic criteria, problems in the differential diagnosis may be posed by morphologic patterns that overlap strikingly with primary ovarian neoplasms, benign, borderline, and malignant, as discussed herein.
  • [MeSH-major] Adenocarcinoma / pathology. Bile Duct Neoplasms / pathology. Gallbladder Neoplasms / pathology. Ovarian Neoplasms / pathology

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  • (PMID = 18580314.001).
  • [ISSN] 1538-7151
  • [Journal-full-title] International journal of gynecological pathology : official journal of the International Society of Gynecological Pathologists
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Int. J. Gynecol. Pathol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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53. Dede M, Gungor S, Yenen MC, Alanbay I, Duru NK, Haşimi A: CA19-9 may have clinical significance in mature cystic teratomas of the ovary. Int J Gynecol Cancer; 2006 Jan-Feb;16(1):189-93
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  • [Title] CA19-9 may have clinical significance in mature cystic teratomas of the ovary.
  • The objective of this study was to evaluate size, bilaterality, histopathologic origin, and the serum levels of some tumor markers in patients with mature cystic teratomas (MCTs) of the ovary.
  • The mean tumor diameter was 7.2 +/- 4.5 cm (median 5; range 3-20).
  • Ovarian MCTs were diagnosed especially during the reproductive period.
  • CA19-9 may be the only important marker in the diagnosis of MCTs.
  • Since levels of CA19-9 and CA125 may be elevated in both benign and malignant conditions, interpretation of these findings must be made in light of the clinical condition of the patient.
  • [MeSH-major] Biomarkers, Tumor / analysis. CA-19-9 Antigen / genetics. Ovarian Neoplasms / genetics. Ovarian Neoplasms / pathology. Teratoma / genetics. Teratoma / pathology
  • [MeSH-minor] Adolescent. Adult. Aged. Biopsy, Needle. Female. Humans. Immunohistochemistry. Middle Aged. Neoplasm Staging. Ovariectomy / methods. Predictive Value of Tests. Preoperative Care. Probability. Prognosis. Retrospective Studies. Risk Assessment. Sensitivity and Specificity. Treatment Outcome

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  • (PMID = 16445632.001).
  • [ISSN] 1048-891X
  • [Journal-full-title] International journal of gynecological cancer : official journal of the International Gynecological Cancer Society
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Int. J. Gynecol. Cancer
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Comparative Study; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Biomarkers, Tumor; 0 / CA-19-9 Antigen
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54. Kobberø H, Hansen TP: [Primary squamous cell carcinoma of the ovary]. Ugeskr Laeger; 2005 Nov 28;167(48):4576-7
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  • [Title] [Primary squamous cell carcinoma of the ovary].
  • A 61-year-old woman underwent laparotomy because of a right ovarian cyst 25 cm in diameter and clinically benign.
  • Unexpectedly, a workup showed primary squamous cell carcinoma of the ovary.
  • The histogenesis of this rare tumor is uncertain, but the diagnosis is important because the prognosis and the response to adjuvant therapy of primary ovarian squamous cell carcinoma is probably worse than for other ovarian epithelial carcinomas.
  • [MeSH-major] Carcinoma, Squamous Cell / pathology. Ovarian Cysts / pathology. Ovarian Neoplasms / pathology


55. Mukonoweshuro P, Oriowolo A: Stromal osseous metaplasia in a low-grade ovarian adenocarcinoma. Gynecol Oncol; 2005 Oct;99(1):222-4
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  • [Title] Stromal osseous metaplasia in a low-grade ovarian adenocarcinoma.
  • BACKGROUND: Stromal osseous metaplasia is a rare and curious finding in tumors of the ovary.
  • CASE REPORT: The patient, a 66-year-old P3 G3 white female, had a past history of stage 1c left ovarian, well-differentiated endometrioid adenocarcinoma removed in 1981.
  • The tumor recurred 21 years later with prominent stromal osseous metaplasia that had not been present in the primary.
  • DISCUSSION: The pathogenesis of osseous metaplasia in epithelial tumors of the ovary is unclear; however, it is probable that a metaplastic process involving multipotential stromal stem cells results in bone formation.
  • CONCLUSION: Benign osseous metaplasia in ovarian tumors is rare and its histogenesis remains unclear.
  • [MeSH-major] Carcinoma, Endometrioid / pathology. Neoplasm Recurrence, Local / pathology. Ovarian Neoplasms / pathology

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  • (PMID = 16023183.001).
  • [ISSN] 0090-8258
  • [Journal-full-title] Gynecologic oncology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Gynecol. Oncol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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56. Yang JH, Shi YF, Chen XD, Qi WJ: The influence of aquaporin-1 and microvessel density on ovarian carcinogenesis and ascites formation. Int J Gynecol Cancer; 2006 Jan-Feb;16 Suppl 1:400-5
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  • [Title] The influence of aquaporin-1 and microvessel density on ovarian carcinogenesis and ascites formation.
  • This study aimed at investigating aquaporin-1 (AQP1) distribution and expression in primary ovarian epithelial tumors, correlating with clinicopathologic variables and intratumoral microvessel density (IMD).
  • The AQP1 expression and IMD in 105 cases with primary epithelial ovarian tumors were measured by semiquantitative immunohistochemical technique.
  • AQP1 was located mainly in microvessels and small vessels but seldom in tumor cells.
  • Expression of AQP1 and IMD in ovarian malignant tumors was significantly higher than that in borderline tumors (P= 0.000, P= 0.001, respectively), and that in borderline tumors was higher than in benign tumors (P= 0.008, P= 0.028, respectively).
  • These data implicate that high AQP1 expression may play an important role in the ovarian carcinogenesis, progression, and ascites formation.
  • Further studies into the mechanism of AQP1 regulation and the relationship between AQP1 expression and tumor angiogenesis may lead to novel therapies for ovarian carcinoma.
  • [MeSH-major] Adenocarcinoma / metabolism. Aquaporin 1 / biosynthesis. Neovascularization, Pathologic / physiopathology. Ovarian Neoplasms / metabolism. Ovary / blood supply

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  • (PMID = 16515633.001).
  • [ISSN] 1048-891X
  • [Journal-full-title] International journal of gynecological cancer : official journal of the International Gynecological Cancer Society
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Int. J. Gynecol. Cancer
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 146410-94-8 / Aquaporin 1
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57. Stanković ZB, Djukić MK, Sedlecki K, Djuricić S, Lukac BJ, Mazibrada I: Rapidly growing bilateral ovarian cystadenoma in a 6-year-old girl: case report and literature review. J Pediatr Adolesc Gynecol; 2006 Feb;19(1):35-8
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  • [Title] Rapidly growing bilateral ovarian cystadenoma in a 6-year-old girl: case report and literature review.
  • BACKGROUND: Benign ovarian neoplasms originating from epithelial tissue are common tumors in adult women.
  • Repeated ultrasonographic examinations revealed bilateral, cystic, rapidly growing ovarian masses.
  • Cysts were surgically removed, with preservation of normal ovarian tissue, and histopathologic findings showed a serous cystadenoma of both ovaries.
  • [MeSH-major] Cystadenoma, Serous / ultrasonography. Ovarian Neoplasms / ultrasonography

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  • (PMID = 16472727.001).
  • [ISSN] 1083-3188
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of pediatric and adolescent gynecology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Pediatr Adolesc Gynecol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Number-of-references] 16
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58. Irving JA, Alkushi A, Young RH, Clement PB: Cellular fibromas of the ovary: a study of 75 cases including 40 mitotically active tumors emphasizing their distinction from fibrosarcoma. Am J Surg Pathol; 2006 Aug;30(8):929-38
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  • [Title] Cellular fibromas of the ovary: a study of 75 cases including 40 mitotically active tumors emphasizing their distinction from fibrosarcoma.
  • Cellular fibroblastic tumors of the ovary are currently classified as either cellular fibroma (CF) or fibrosarcoma.
  • The prognosis of cellular fibromatous tumors with > or = 4 MFs/10 HPFs and low-grade cytology is not established and it is the purpose of this study to investigate that aspect.
  • It has been our anecdotal experience that otherwise typical CFs with > or = 4 MFs/10 HPFs usually have a benign clinical course, suggesting that such tumors should be regarded as "mitotically active cellular fibroma" (MACF) rather than fibrosarcoma.
  • Seventy-five cellular fibromatous neoplasms were analyzed to determine their clinicopathologic features and the appropriateness of "MACF" as a designation for otherwise typical CFs with > or = 4 MFs/10 HPFs.
  • All tumors were unilateral.
  • The mean tumor size of CFs was 8.0 cm and 9.4 cm for MACFs.
  • The majority of the tumors were solid; approximately one-third of them had a cystic component.
  • Ovarian surface adhesions, involvement of the ovarian surface, or both, was present in 6% of CFs and 10% of MACFs.
  • All tumors consisted of cellular, intersecting bundles of spindle cells with bland nuclear features.
  • We conclude that cellular fibromatous neoplasms with bland cytology and elevated mitotic counts are associated with favorable patient outcome and should be diagnosed as MACF rather than fibrosarcoma, which usually have moderate to severe atypia and elevated mitotic rates.
  • [MeSH-major] Fibroma / pathology. Fibrosarcoma / pathology. Ovarian Neoplasms / pathology
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Aged. Aged, 80 and over. Diagnosis, Differential. Female. Humans. Middle Aged. Mitotic Index. Prognosis

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  • (PMID = 16861962.001).
  • [ISSN] 0147-5185
  • [Journal-full-title] The American journal of surgical pathology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Am. J. Surg. Pathol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Comparative Study; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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59. Urieli-Shoval S, Finci-Yeheskel Z, Dishon S, Galinsky D, Linke RP, Ariel I, Levin M, Ben-Shachar I, Prus D: Expression of serum amyloid a in human ovarian epithelial tumors: implication for a role in ovarian tumorigenesis. J Histochem Cytochem; 2010 Nov;58(11):1015-23
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  • [Title] Expression of serum amyloid a in human ovarian epithelial tumors: implication for a role in ovarian tumorigenesis.
  • Serum amyloid A (SAA) is an acute phase protein which is expressed primarily in the liver as a part of the systemic response to various injuries and inflammatory stimuli; its expression in ovarian tumors has not been described.
  • Here, we investigated the expression of SAA in human benign and malignant ovarian epithelial tumors.
  • Non-radioactive in situ hybridization applied on ovarian paraffin tissue sections revealed mostly negative SAA mRNA expression in normal surface epithelium.
  • Expression was increased gradually as epithelial cells progressed through benign and borderline adenomas to primary and metastatic adenocarcinomas.
  • RT-PCR analysis confirmed the overexpression of the SAA1 and SAA4 genes in ovarian carcinomas compared with normal ovarian tissues.
  • In addition, strong expression of SAA mRNA and protein was found in the ovarian carcinoma cell line OVCAR-3.
  • Finally, patients with ovarian carcinoma had high SAA serum levels, which strongly correlated with high levels of CA-125 and C-reactive protein.
  • Enhanced expression of SAA in ovarian carcinomas may play a role in ovarian tumorigenesis and may have therapeutic application.
  • [MeSH-major] Carcinoma / genetics. Carcinoma / pathology. Gene Expression Regulation, Neoplastic. Ovarian Neoplasms / genetics. Ovarian Neoplasms / pathology. Serum Amyloid A Protein / genetics. Serum Amyloid A Protein / metabolism
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Aged. Aged, 80 and over. C-Reactive Protein / metabolism. CA-125 Antigen / blood. Cell Line, Tumor. Female. Humans. Middle Aged. Neoplasm Metastasis. Ovary / cytology. Ovary / metabolism. Ovary / pathology. Reverse Transcriptase Polymerase Chain Reaction. Young Adult

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  • (PMID = 20713982.001).
  • [ISSN] 1551-5044
  • [Journal-full-title] The journal of histochemistry and cytochemistry : official journal of the Histochemistry Society
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Histochem. Cytochem.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / CA-125 Antigen; 0 / Serum Amyloid A Protein; 9007-41-4 / C-Reactive Protein
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC2958134
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60. Menendez L, Walker LD, Matyunina LV, Totten KA, Benigno BB, McDonald JF: Epigenetic changes within the promoter region of the HLA-G gene in ovarian tumors. Mol Cancer; 2008;7:43
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  • [Title] Epigenetic changes within the promoter region of the HLA-G gene in ovarian tumors.
  • BACKGROUND: Previous findings have suggested that epigenetic-mediated HLA-G expression in tumor cells may be associated with resistance to host immunosurveillance.
  • To explore the potential role of DNA methylation on HLA-G expression in ovarian cancer, we correlated differences in HLA-G expression with methylation changes within the HLA-G regulatory region in an ovarian cancer cell line treated with 5-aza-deoxycytidine (5-aza-dC) and in malignant and benign ovarian tumor samples and ovarian surface epithelial cells (OSE) isolated from patients with normal ovaries.
  • RESULTS: A region containing an intact hypoxia response element (HRE) remained completely methylated in the cell line after treatment with 5-aza-dC and was completely methylated in all of the ovarian tumor (malignant and benign) samples examined, but only variably methylated in normal OSE samples.
  • HLA-G expression was significantly increased in the 5-aza-dC treated cell line but no significant difference was detected between the tumor and OSE samples examined.
  • CONCLUSION: Since HRE is the binding site of a known repressor of HLA-G expression (HIF-1), we hypothesize that methylation of the region surrounding the HRE may help maintain the potential for expression of HLA-G in ovarian tumors.
  • The fact that no correlation exists between methylation and HLA-G gene expression between ovarian tumor samples and OSE, suggests that changes in methylation may be necessary but not sufficient for HLA-G expression in ovarian cancer.
  • [MeSH-major] Epigenesis, Genetic. HLA Antigens / genetics. Histocompatibility Antigens Class I / genetics. Ovarian Neoplasms / genetics. Promoter Regions, Genetic / genetics
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Aged. Azacitidine / pharmacology. Base Sequence. Cell Line, Tumor. CpG Islands / genetics. DNA Methylation / drug effects. Epithelial Cells / drug effects. Epithelial Cells / metabolism. Epithelial Cells / pathology. Female. Gene Expression Regulation, Neoplastic / drug effects. HLA-G Antigens. Humans. Middle Aged. Reverse Transcriptase Polymerase Chain Reaction. Transcription Initiation Site

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  • (PMID = 18498645.001).
  • [ISSN] 1476-4598
  • [Journal-full-title] Molecular cancer
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Mol. Cancer
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / HLA Antigens; 0 / HLA-G Antigens; 0 / Histocompatibility Antigens Class I; M801H13NRU / Azacitidine
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC2429914
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61. Samulak D, Wilczak M, Sporny S, Michalska M, Pieta B, Moszyński R, Sajdak S: Difficulties in the diagnosis of ovarian carcinoma: case report of squamous cell ovarian carcinoma in a 26-year-old woman. Eur J Gynaecol Oncol; 2010;31(4):452-5
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  • [Title] Difficulties in the diagnosis of ovarian carcinoma: case report of squamous cell ovarian carcinoma in a 26-year-old woman.
  • A 26-year-old woman who was admitted to the Gynecology Department with abdominal pain was later diagnosed with a multi-chamber tumor in the left ovary.
  • It was proposed that the patient should be operated on in order to remove the tumor, and a left salpingo-oophorectomy was performed.
  • During the intraoperative histopathological examination, the tumor was described as being benign.
  • However, in the final histopathological examination, a malignant neoplasm, a squamous cell carcinoma (G-2) of the ovary (pT1a), was found.
  • [MeSH-major] Carcinoma, Squamous Cell / diagnosis. Ovarian Neoplasms / diagnosis
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. CA-125 Antigen / blood. Female. Humans. Ovary / ultrasonography

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  • (PMID = 20882894.001).
  • [ISSN] 0392-2936
  • [Journal-full-title] European journal of gynaecological oncology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Eur. J. Gynaecol. Oncol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Italy
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / CA-125 Antigen
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62. Zhou M, McFarland-Mancini MM, Funk HM, Husseinzadeh N, Mounajjed T, Drew AF: Toll-like receptor expression in normal ovary and ovarian tumors. Cancer Immunol Immunother; 2009 Sep;58(9):1375-85
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  • [Title] Toll-like receptor expression in normal ovary and ovarian tumors.
  • Recent studies have implicated inflammation in the initiation and progression of ovarian cancer, though the mechanisms underlying this effect are still not clear.
  • Tumor cell expression of TLRs can promote inflammation and cell survival in the tumor microenvironment.
  • Here we sought to characterize the expression of TLRs in normal human ovaries, benign and malignant ovarian tumors from patients, and in established ovarian tumor cell lines.
  • TLR2, TLR3, TLR4, and TLR5 are expressed in benign conditions, epithelial tumors, and in ovarian cancer cell lines.
  • Variable expression of TLR6 and TLR8 was seen in benign and malignant epithelium of some patients, while expression of TLR1, TLR7, and TLR9 was weak.
  • Normal and malignant ovarian stroma were negative for TLR expression.
  • Vascular endothelial cells, macrophages, and occasional fibroblasts in tumors were positive.
  • These studies demonstrate expression of multiple TLRs in the epithelium of normal ovaries and in ovarian tumor cells, and may indicate a mechanism by which epithelial tumors manipulate inflammatory pathways to facilitate tumor progression.
  • [MeSH-major] Adenocarcinoma, Clear Cell / metabolism. Cystadenocarcinoma, Serous / metabolism. Ovarian Neoplasms / metabolism. Ovary / metabolism. Toll-Like Receptors / metabolism
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Aged. Animals. Epithelial Cells / metabolism. Estrous Cycle / metabolism. Female. Humans. Immunoenzyme Techniques. Mice. Mice, Inbred C57BL. Middle Aged. Prognosis. Tissue Array Analysis. Tumor Cells, Cultured

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  • (PMID = 19184006.001).
  • [ISSN] 1432-0851
  • [Journal-full-title] Cancer immunology, immunotherapy : CII
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Cancer Immunol. Immunother.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Comparative Study; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] Germany
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Toll-Like Receptors
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63. Mehdi G, Maheshwari V, Afzal S, Ansari HA, Ansari M: Image-guided fine-needle aspiration cytology of ovarian tumors: An assessment of diagnostic efficacy. J Cytol; 2010 Jul;27(3):91-5
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  • [Title] Image-guided fine-needle aspiration cytology of ovarian tumors: An assessment of diagnostic efficacy.
  • BACKGROUND: Image-guided fine-needle aspiration cytology (FNAC) of ovarian lumps is being increasingly used for the successful diagnosis of ovarian tumors, although borderline cases may be difficult to diagnose by this method.
  • AIM: To demonstrate the efficacy of image-guided FNAC in diagnosing ovarian tumors (benign and malignant) and to evaluate the usefulness of cytology as a mode of easy and rapid diagnosis of ovarian lumps.
  • Diagnosis was established by FNAC performed under image guidance (ultrasonography/computed tomography).
  • The cytological diagnosis was confirmed by histopathological examination.
  • RESULTS: Cytological diagnosis was rendered on all the 42 ovarian lesions, with a correct diagnosis in 34 cases, resulting in a diagnostic accuracy of 80.9%.
  • Most of the cases with discordant diagnoses were surface epithelial tumors of low malignant potential and required histopathological examination for a final diagnosis.
  • CONCLUSIONS: Image-guided FNAC is an inexpensive, rapid and fairly accurate procedure for the diagnosis of ovarian lesions.
  • It provides a safe alternative to the more expensive, time consuming and cumbersome surgical route to diagnosis.

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  • (PMID = 21187883.001).
  • [ISSN] 0974-5165
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of cytology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Cytol
  • [Language] ENG
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] India
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC2983081
  • [Keywords] NOTNLM ; Image-guided FNAC / diagnostic accuracy / histopathology / ovarian tumors
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64. Zhu Y, Brännström M, Janson PO, Sundfeldt K: Differences in expression patterns of the tight junction proteins,claudin 1, 3, 4 and 5, in human ovarian surface epithelium as compared to epithelia in inclusion cysts and epithelial ovarian tumours. Int J Cancer; 2006 Apr 15;118(8):1884-91
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  • [Title] Differences in expression patterns of the tight junction proteins,claudin 1, 3, 4 and 5, in human ovarian surface epithelium as compared to epithelia in inclusion cysts and epithelial ovarian tumours.
  • Human ovarian surface epithelium (OSE), regarded as the precursor cell of epithelial ovarian adenocarcinoma, is not a fully developed epithelium when situated on the ovarian surface.
  • Recent gene-expression data on ovarian adenocarcinoma has pointed out a family of TJ proteins, the claudins, to be highly expressed in malignant compared to benign ovarian tumours.
  • The purpose of this study was to investigate the distribution of claudin 1-5 proteins in cultured OSE (n=4), normal ovarian (n=11), benign (n=8), borderline (n=7) and ovarian cancer (n=22) tissues.
  • We found that a weak or absence of expression of claudin 3 and claudin 4 in surface OSE changed to typical cell-border localisation in OSE of inclusion cysts in the normal ovarian stroma.
  • Semiquantitative estimations of immunoblots showed that claudin 3 was significantly increased in ovarian adenocarcinomas compared to benign and borderline-type tumours.
  • Claudin 4 was significantly increased in both borderline-type and ovarian adenocarcinomas compared to benign tumours, whereas no changes were found for claudin 1 or 5.
  • We conclude that both claudin 3 and 4, even though they differ in expression during ovarian malignant transformation, might be used as novel markers for ovarian tumours.
  • [MeSH-major] Adenocarcinoma / genetics. Membrane Proteins / biosynthesis. Ovarian Cysts / genetics. Ovarian Neoplasms / genetics
  • [MeSH-minor] Biomarkers, Tumor / analysis. Cell Transformation, Neoplastic. Claudin-1. Claudin-3. Claudin-4. Claudin-5. Epithelium. Female. Gene Expression Profiling. Humans. Immunoblotting. Ovary / physiology. Phenotype. Tumor Cells, Cultured

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  • [Copyright] Copyright (c) 2005 Wiley-Liss, Inc.
  • (PMID = 16287068.001).
  • [ISSN] 0020-7136
  • [Journal-full-title] International journal of cancer
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Int. J. Cancer
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Comparative Study; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Biomarkers, Tumor; 0 / CLDN1 protein, human; 0 / CLDN3 protein, human; 0 / CLDN4 protein, human; 0 / CLDN5 protein, human; 0 / Claudin-1; 0 / Claudin-3; 0 / Claudin-4; 0 / Claudin-5; 0 / Membrane Proteins
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65. Inai K, Shimizu Y, Kawai K, Tokunaga M, Soda M, Mabuchi K, Land CE, Tokuoka S: A pathology study of malignant and benign ovarian tumors among atomic-bomb survivors--case series report. J Radiat Res; 2006 Mar;47(1):49-59
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  • [Title] A pathology study of malignant and benign ovarian tumors among atomic-bomb survivors--case series report.
  • The present article describes the series of incident primary ovarian tumors in the Life Span Study (LSS) cohort of the Radiation Effects Research Foundation, with particular emphasis on case ascertainment and characterization of histological features of the tumors.
  • We identified 723 ovarian tumors (260 malignant, 463 benign) in 648 individuals of about 70,000 female LSS subjects; 71 cases had more than one ovarian tumor.
  • We histologically confirmed 601 tumors (182 malignant, 419 benign tumors).
  • The most frequent histological type was common epithelial tumor (90.7% for malignant and 59.7% for benign tumors).
  • The distributions of ovarian tumors by histological type were similar to those from other studies.
  • Among malignancies, the frequency of common epithelial types relative to other tumor types increased with radiation dose (p = 0.02).
  • Among benign tumors, the relative frequency of sex-cord stromal tumors increased with radiation dose (p = 0.04).
  • Within tumor types, there was no consistent pattern of survival by radiation dose.
  • Variations in histological types of ovarian tumors in response to radiation dose, suggested by the case series data need to be followed up by population-based incidence analysis.
  • [MeSH-major] Neoplasms, Radiation-Induced / mortality. Neoplasms, Radiation-Induced / pathology. Nuclear Warfare / statistics & numerical data. Ovarian Neoplasms / mortality. Ovarian Neoplasms / pathology. Risk Assessment / methods. Survivors / statistics & numerical data

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  • (PMID = 16571918.001).
  • [ISSN] 0449-3060
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of radiation research
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Radiat. Res.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Grant] United States / NCI NIH HHS / CP / N01-CP-31012; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CP / N01-CP-71015
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.
  • [Publication-country] Japan
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66. Rubod C, Triboulet JP, Vinatier D: [Ovarian dermoid cyst complicated by chemical peritonitis. Case report]. Gynecol Obstet Fertil; 2007 Jul-Aug;35(7-8):651-3
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  • [Title] [Ovarian dermoid cyst complicated by chemical peritonitis. Case report].
  • [Transliterated title] Kyste dermoïde de l'ovaire compliqué d'une péritonite chimique. A propos d'un cas.
  • Dermoid cyst is the most frequent benign ovarian tumor.
  • We report a case of a patient who developed chemical peritonitis after laparoscopic management of ovarian dermoid cysts.
  • [MeSH-major] Dermoid Cyst / complications. Ovarian Cysts / complications. Peritonitis / complications

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  • (PMID = 17602847.001).
  • [ISSN] 1297-9589
  • [Journal-full-title] Gynécologie, obstétrique & fertilité
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Gynecol Obstet Fertil
  • [Language] fre
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] France
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Adrenal Cortex Hormones
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67. Bese T, Barbaros M, Baykara E, Guralp O, Cengiz S, Demirkiran F, Sanioglu C, Arvas M: Comparison of total plasma lysophosphatidic acid and serum CA-125 as a tumor marker in the diagnosis and follow-up of patients with epithelial ovarian cancer. J Gynecol Oncol; 2010 Dec 30;21(4):248-54
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  • [Title] Comparison of total plasma lysophosphatidic acid and serum CA-125 as a tumor marker in the diagnosis and follow-up of patients with epithelial ovarian cancer.
  • OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the role of lysophosphatidic acid (LPA) as a tumor marker in diagnosis and follow-up of patients with epithelial ovarian cancer.
  • METHODS: Eighty-seven epithelial ovarian cancer patients, 74 benign ovarian tumor patients, and 50 healthy women were enrolled in the study.
  • Twenty-nine of 87 epithelial ovarian cancer patients were followed up for 6 cycles of paclitaxel-carboplatin chemotherapy.
  • RESULTS: Preoperative total plasma LPA and serum CA-125 levels were significantly higher in patients with epithelial ovarian cancer compared to patients with benign ovarian tumors and healthy women.
  • CONCLUSION: LPA is a better biomarker for diagnosis of epithelial ovarian cancer compared to CA-125.

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  • (PMID = 21278887.001).
  • [ISSN] 2005-0399
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of gynecologic oncology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Gynecol Oncol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Korea (South)
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC3026304
  • [Keywords] NOTNLM ; CA-125 / Chemotherapy / Epithelial ovarian cancer / Follow-up / Lysophosphatidic acid / Tumor marker
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68. Ceauşu M, Terzea D, Georgescu A, Dobrea C, Mihai M, Iosif C, Vasilescu F, Ardeleanu C: Transitional cell tumors of the ovary: a compact group with a heterogeneous histological and immunophenotypical pattern. Rom J Morphol Embryol; 2008;49(4):513-6
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  • [Title] Transitional cell tumors of the ovary: a compact group with a heterogeneous histological and immunophenotypical pattern.
  • A small percentage of ovarian neoplasms are transitional cell tumors, which proves to be a distinct group with various histological and immunohistochemical patterns.
  • In this study, 13 archived formalin-fixed paraffin-embedded samples of transitional cell tumors of the ovary have been assessed using standard HE stain and the indirect tristadial ABC peroxidase IHC method for 11 antibodies (CA125, CK7, CEA, EMA, MNF116, CK20, Vim, ER, PgR, PCNA, Ki-67).
  • More than 50% were malignant Brenner tumors.
  • CA125 was positive in all malignant tumors (of Brenner type and transitional cell carcinomas), but not in benign and borderline tumors, while CK7 was positive in approximately 70% of all cases.
  • A direct correlation statistically significant has been noted between the aforementioned proliferation factors and the tumor grade (r = 0.4, p = 0.05).
  • [MeSH-major] Carcinoma, Transitional Cell / pathology. Ovarian Neoplasms / pathology
  • [MeSH-minor] Biomarkers, Tumor / metabolism. Brenner Tumor / metabolism. Brenner Tumor / pathology. Female. Humans. Immunohistochemistry. Middle Aged. Neoplasm Staging. Phenotype


69. Suh-Burgmann E: Long-term outcomes following conservative surgery for borderline tumor of the ovary: a large population-based study. Gynecol Oncol; 2006 Dec;103(3):841-7
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  • [Title] Long-term outcomes following conservative surgery for borderline tumor of the ovary: a large population-based study.
  • OBJECTIVES: To examine outcomes in women treated with conservative surgery for borderline ovarian tumor in a large population-based cohort with long-term follow-up.
  • METHODS: Women treated by conservative surgery for borderline tumor of the ovary from 1982-2004 within a large HMO setting were identified using electronic and tumor registry data.
  • The indications for and outcomes from any subsequent gynecologic surgery and the risk of recurrent ovarian borderline and malignant tumor were determined.
  • Patients were followed with remaining ovarian tissue in situ for a mean of 6.9 years, with 59 women having 10 or more years of such observation.
  • There were 21 recurrences with borderline tumor (11%) with a median time to first recurrence of 4.7 years; women treated by cystectomy recurred three times more often compared to women treated by oophorectomy (23% versus 7%).
  • Two patients (1%) recurred with malignant disease involving remaining ovarian tissue, both within the first 3 years after surgery, with one death due to recurrence.
  • During long-term follow-up, 19% of patients eventually underwent complete removal of ovarian tissue: in 8%, the surgery was prophylactic, in 5%, surgery was done for benign pathology, and in 6% for recurrent disease.
  • CONCLUSIONS: In this population-based HMO setting, 11% of women treated with conservative surgery for borderline tumor recurred; however, half of these recurrences were successfully managed by repeat conservative surgery, with only 6% of women overall needing eventual complete removal of ovaries for recurrent disease.
  • [MeSH-major] Neoplasm Recurrence, Local / surgery. Ovarian Neoplasms / surgery
  • [MeSH-minor] Adolescent. Adult. Aged. Aged, 80 and over. California / epidemiology. Child. Cohort Studies. Disease-Free Survival. Female. Fertility. Gynecologic Surgical Procedures / methods. Gynecologic Surgical Procedures / utilization. Health Maintenance Organizations. Humans. Medical Records. Middle Aged. Neoplasm Staging. Postoperative Complications. Registries. Retrospective Studies. Survival Analysis. Treatment Outcome

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  • (PMID = 16793124.001).
  • [ISSN] 0090-8258
  • [Journal-full-title] Gynecologic oncology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Gynecol. Oncol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] United States
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70. Rajesh NG, Rekha K, Krishna B: Significance of p53 expression in ovarian tumors and its correlation to the morphological differentiation. Indian J Pathol Microbiol; 2007 Apr;50(2):284-7
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  • [Title] Significance of p53 expression in ovarian tumors and its correlation to the morphological differentiation.
  • Interestingly the ovarian cancer has the highest mortality rate.
  • This is attributed to its late clinical presentation and delayed diagnosis.
  • The expression of p53 throws light on the prognosis of ovarian tumors.
  • The surface epithelial tumors, especially the serous cystadenocarcinoma and non Hodgkin lymphoma of ovary where in the expression p53 was high compared to the benign and borderline tumors.
  • Further the expression of p53 in tumors arising from germinal cells, sex-cord stromal cells are observed to be very low.
  • [MeSH-major] Ovarian Neoplasms / metabolism. Ovarian Neoplasms / pathology. Tumor Suppressor Protein p53 / metabolism

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  • (PMID = 17883046.001).
  • [ISSN] 0377-4929
  • [Journal-full-title] Indian journal of pathology & microbiology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Indian J Pathol Microbiol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] India
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / TP53 protein, human; 0 / Tumor Suppressor Protein p53
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71. Marwah N, Bansal C, Gupta S, Singh S, Sapna, Arora B: Immunohistochemical study of the expression of HER-2/neu oncogene in ovarian lesions. Indian J Pathol Microbiol; 2007 Jul;50(3):489-92
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  • [Title] Immunohistochemical study of the expression of HER-2/neu oncogene in ovarian lesions.
  • To evaluate the expression of HER-2/neu in various ovarian lesions, 75 cases of ovarian tissues (25 cases of benign lesions and 50 cases of carcinoma) were studied in the department of pathology, Pt. B.D.
  • Two (8%) of benign cases were 1+ positive and 19 (38.0%) of malignant lesions were positive for HER-2/neu staining with intensity 1+/2+ in 16 cases (32.0%), 3+ in 2 cases (4%) and 4+ in 1 case (2%).
  • It was observed that HER-2/neu expression was significantly associated with high grade ovarian tumours, however intensity of positivity did not correlate with the grade of tumour.
  • [MeSH-major] Adenocarcinoma / metabolism. Carcinoma / metabolism. Ovarian Neoplasms / metabolism. Ovary / metabolism. Receptor, ErbB-2 / metabolism
  • [MeSH-minor] Biomarkers, Tumor / metabolism. Female. Humans. Immunohistochemistry

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  • (PMID = 17883115.001).
  • [ISSN] 0377-4929
  • [Journal-full-title] Indian journal of pathology & microbiology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Indian J Pathol Microbiol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] India
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Biomarkers, Tumor; EC 2.7.10.1 / Receptor, ErbB-2
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72. Roue A, Laboisse C, Winer N, Darnis E, Bouquin R, Lopes P, Philippe HJ: [Extra-uterine pelvic leiomyoma: diagnosis and practical management]. J Gynecol Obstet Biol Reprod (Paris); 2007 Jun;36(4):403-8
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  • [Title] [Extra-uterine pelvic leiomyoma: diagnosis and practical management].
  • METHODS: Three cases of leiomyomas of the broad ligament, of the round ligament and of the ovary, and literature review.
  • The diagnosis of extra-uterine leiomyoma is based on histopathological analysis, using standard histology, and immunohistochemistry with anti-desmin and anti smooth muscle actin antibodies.
  • The main differential diagnoses are fibroma, fibrothecoma, ovarian fibrosarcoma, and gastrointestinal stromal tumors.
  • Providing therapy depends on the clinicopathologic features: the so called "parasitic leiomyoma", a tumor developed at the expense of local smooth muscle cells, metastasis of a benign metastasizing leiomyoma or leiomyomatosis peritonealis disseminata.
  • [MeSH-major] Leiomyoma / diagnosis. Pelvic Neoplasms / diagnosis
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Broad Ligament. Diagnosis, Differential. Female. Humans. Immunohistochemistry. Middle Aged. Ovarian Neoplasms / diagnosis. Round Ligament of Uterus. Tomography, X-Ray Computed

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  • (PMID = 17408875.001).
  • [ISSN] 0368-2315
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal de gynécologie, obstétrique et biologie de la reproduction
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Gynecol Obstet Biol Reprod (Paris)
  • [Language] fre
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] France
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73. O'Neill CJ, McCluggage WG: p16 expression in the female genital tract and its value in diagnosis. Adv Anat Pathol; 2006 Jan;13(1):8-15
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  • [Title] p16 expression in the female genital tract and its value in diagnosis.
  • p16 is a cyclin-dependent kinase-4 inhibitor that is expressed in a limited range of normal tissues and tumors.
  • In cervical squamous lesions, p16 is positive in most high-grade cervical intraepithelial neoplasia (CIN) and in some cases of low-grade CIN, usually those associated with high-risk HPV. p16 may be useful to identify small focal high-grade CIN lesions, to distinguish some cases of CIN involving immature metaplastic squamous epithelium from immature metaplastic squamous epithelium not involved by CIN and to distinguish high-grade CIN from benign mimics.
  • In cervical glandular lesions, p16 is useful, as part of a panel, in the distinction between adenocarcinoma in situ (diffusely positive) and benign mimics, including tuboendometrial metaplasia and endometriosis, which are usually p16-negative or focally positive. p16 may be used, in combination with other markers, to distinguish between a cervical adenocarcinoma (diffuse positivity) and an endometrioid-type endometrial adenocarcinoma (negative or focally positive).
  • In the vulva, p16 is positive in HPV-associated vulval intraepithelial neoplasia (VIN) but negative in VIN not associated with HPV.
  • Similarly, HPV-associated invasive squamous carcinomas are p16-positive, whereas the more common non-HPV-associated neoplasms are largely negative or focally positive.
  • In the uterus, p16 positivity is more common and widespread in leiomyosarcomas than leiomyomas, and this may be a useful aid to diagnosis, although problematic uterine smooth muscle neoplasms have not been extensively studied.
  • Metastatic cervical adenocarcinomas in the ovary are usually diffusely p16-positive, and because these may closely mimic a primary ovarian endometrioid or mucinous adenocarcinoma, this may be a valuable diagnostic aid, although p16 expression in primary ovarian adenocarcinomas of these morphologic subtypes has not been widely investigated.
  • Some ovarian serous carcinomas, similar to their uterine counterparts, are p16-positive.
  • [MeSH-major] Cyclin-Dependent Kinase Inhibitor p16 / analysis. Genital Neoplasms, Female / diagnosis
  • [MeSH-minor] Adenocarcinoma / chemistry. Adenocarcinoma / diagnosis. Adenocarcinoma / genetics. Biomarkers, Tumor / analysis. Biomarkers, Tumor / genetics. Carcinoma, Small Cell / chemistry. Carcinoma, Small Cell / diagnosis. Carcinoma, Small Cell / genetics. Cystadenocarcinoma, Serous / chemistry. Cystadenocarcinoma, Serous / diagnosis. Cystadenocarcinoma, Serous / genetics. Diagnosis, Differential. Endometrial Neoplasms / chemistry. Endometrial Neoplasms / diagnosis. Endometrial Neoplasms / genetics. Female. Genes, p16. Genitalia, Female / chemistry. Genitalia, Female / physiopathology. Humans. Immunohistochemistry. Ovarian Neoplasms / chemistry. Ovarian Neoplasms / diagnosis. Ovarian Neoplasms / genetics. Tumor Suppressor Proteins / analysis. Tumor Suppressor Proteins / genetics. Uterine Cervical Neoplasms / chemistry. Uterine Cervical Neoplasms / diagnosis. Uterine Cervical Neoplasms / genetics. Uterine Neoplasms / chemistry. Uterine Neoplasms / diagnosis. Uterine Neoplasms / genetics. Vulvar Neoplasms / chemistry. Vulvar Neoplasms / classification. Vulvar Neoplasms / diagnosis. Vulvar Neoplasms / genetics

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  • (PMID = 16462152.001).
  • [ISSN] 1072-4109
  • [Journal-full-title] Advances in anatomic pathology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Adv Anat Pathol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Biomarkers, Tumor; 0 / Cyclin-Dependent Kinase Inhibitor p16; 0 / Tumor Suppressor Proteins
  • [Number-of-references] 65
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74. Timmerman D, Van Calster B, Jurkovic D, Valentin L, Testa AC, Bernard JP, Van Holsbeke C, Van Huffel S, Vergote I, Bourne T: Inclusion of CA-125 does not improve mathematical models developed to distinguish between benign and malignant adnexal tumors. J Clin Oncol; 2007 Sep 20;25(27):4194-200
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  • [Title] Inclusion of CA-125 does not improve mathematical models developed to distinguish between benign and malignant adnexal tumors.
  • PURPOSE: To test the value of serum CA-125 measurements alone or as part of a multimodal strategy to distinguish between malignant and benign ovarian tumors before surgery based on a large prospective multicenter study (International Ovarian Tumor Analysis).
  • PATIENTS AND METHODS: Patients with at least one persistent ovarian mass preoperatively underwent transvaginal ultrasonography using gray scale imaging to assess tumor morphology and color Doppler imaging to obtain indices of blood flow.
  • RESULTS: Data from 809 patients recruited from nine centers were included in the analysis; 567 patients (70%) had benign tumors and 242 (30%) had malignant tumors-of these 152 were primary invasive (62.8%), 52 were borderline malignant (21.5%), and 38 were metastatic (15.7%).
  • Results were very similar when the models were prospectively tested on a group of 345 new patients with adnexal masses of whom 126 had malignant tumors (37%).
  • CONCLUSION: Adding information on CA-125 to clinical information and ultrasound information does not improve discrimination of mathematical models between benign and malignant adnexal masses.
  • [MeSH-major] Adnexal Diseases / blood. Adnexal Diseases / diagnosis. Antigens, Neoplasm / blood. CA-125 Antigen / biosynthesis. Ovarian Neoplasms / blood. Ovarian Neoplasms / diagnosis

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  • [CommentIn] J Clin Oncol. 2008 Jan 20;26(3):512; author reply 513 [18202431.001]
  • [CommentIn] J Clin Oncol. 2007 Sep 20;25(27):4159-61 [17698803.001]
  • (PMID = 17698805.001).
  • [ISSN] 1527-7755
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of clinical oncology : official journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Clin. Oncol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Multicenter Study; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Antigens, Neoplasm; 0 / CA-125 Antigen
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75. Mülayim B, Gürakan H, Dagli V, Mülayim S, Aydin O, Akkaya H: Unaware of a giant serous cyst adenoma: a case report. Arch Gynecol Obstet; 2006 Mar;273(6):381-3
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  • A case of 36-year-old nonmarried virgin woman presenting a giant ovarian serous cyst adenoma weighing 9.5 kg is reported here.
  • Ovarian neoplasms may be divided by origin cell type into three main groups: epithelial, stromal and germ cell.
  • Taken as a group, the epithelial tumors are by far the most common type.
  • The single most common benign ovarian neoplasm is the benign cystic teratoma; however, according to some studies it is serous cyst adenoma.
  • At laparotomy, a giant, totally cystic, vascularized and smooth mass attached to the right ovary was encountered, lying between the symphysis and the xiphoid.
  • This is the largest ovarian cyst that ever reported from our hospital and one of the largest among the reported cases in the literature.
  • [MeSH-major] Cystadenoma, Serous / pathology. Ovarian Neoplasms / pathology

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  • (PMID = 16249904.001).
  • [ISSN] 0932-0067
  • [Journal-full-title] Archives of gynecology and obstetrics
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Arch. Gynecol. Obstet.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Germany
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76. Virk R, Lu D: Mucinous adenocarcinoma as heterologous element in intermediately differentiated Sertoli-Leydig cell tumor of the ovary. Pathol Res Pract; 2010 Jul 15;206(7):489-92
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  • [Title] Mucinous adenocarcinoma as heterologous element in intermediately differentiated Sertoli-Leydig cell tumor of the ovary.
  • Sertoli-Leydig cell tumor (SLCT) is a rare tumor involving the ovary.
  • SLCT with benign and borderline mucinous neoplasm has been reported in the literature.
  • Herein, we describe a rare case of intermediately differentiated Sertoli-Leydig cell tumor with mucinous adenocarcinoma as the heterologous element in a 21-year-old woman.
  • She presented with throbbing lower abdominal pain and was found to have a large, complex left ovarian mass on imaging studies.
  • Gross examination of the surgical specimen showed a large, encapsulated, solid-cystic mass completely replacing the ovary.
  • Microscopically, the tumor was composed of intermediately differentiated Sertoli-Leydig cell tumor and well-differentiated mucinous adenocarcinoma.
  • Interestingly, the bulk of the tumor (more than 90%) was composed of mucinous adenocarcinoma, whereas the SLCT component comprised less than 10% of the total tumor.
  • The histopathological features and results of immunostaining were consistent with the diagnosis of the intermediately differentiated SLCT with mucinous adenocarcinoma as the heterologous element.
  • This case was a diagnostic challenge as more than 90% of the tumor was composed of mucinous adenocarcinoma and SLCT constituted only the minor part of the tumor.
  • [MeSH-major] Adenocarcinoma, Mucinous / pathology. Ovarian Neoplasms / pathology. Sertoli-Leydig Cell Tumor / pathology

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  • [Copyright] Copyright 2009. Published by Elsevier GmbH.
  • (PMID = 19674851.001).
  • [ISSN] 1618-0631
  • [Journal-full-title] Pathology, research and practice
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Pathol. Res. Pract.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Germany
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77. Adhikari RC, Tuladhar A, Shrestha S, Sharma SK: Deep-seated thoracic and abdominal lesions: usefulness of ultrasound guided fine needle aspiration cytology, a 3 year experience. Nepal Med Coll J; 2010 Mar;12(1):20-5
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  • These included liver (125 cases), lung (81 cases), abdominal and mediastinal lymph nodes (29 cases), ovary (14 cases), omentum (12 cases), pancreas (10 cases), kidney (10 cases), mediastinum (8 cases), gall bladder (8 cases) etc.
  • The aim of this study was to evaluate the overall utility of ultrasonographic guided FNAC in the diagnosis of abdominal and thoracic lesions.
  • In 264 cases (82.5%), FNAC was diagnostic with commonest diagnosis being malignant neoplasm (70.0%).
  • In liver, Metastatic adenocarcinoma is the commonest tumor, while in lung; the commonest lesion is non-small cell carcinoma.
  • Benign neoplasm (3.1%) and non neoplastic lesion (9.4%) were also diagnosed by FNAC.
  • [MeSH-major] Neoplasms / diagnosis. Ultrasonography, Interventional

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  • (PMID = 20677604.001).
  • [Journal-full-title] Nepal Medical College journal : NMCJ
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Nepal Med Coll J
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Nepal
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78. Schröder FH: Detection of prostate cancer: the impact of the European Randomized Study of Screening for Prostate Cancer (ERSPC). Can J Urol; 2005 Feb;12 Suppl 1:2-6; discussion 92-3
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  • The ERSPC together with the prostate cancer arm of the Prostate, Lung, Colon and Ovary (PLCO) screening trial of the National Cancer Institute in the United States are set to show or exclude an effect of screening on prostate cancer mortality.
  • Present screening needs to be more "selective" for cases that have aggressive patterns and are likely to lead to clinical diagnosis of prostate cancer and/or death.
  • This may be compatible with the observation that tumor volumes in second round screening are smaller, and larger tumors are harvested.
  • Tumor volume becomes a negative predictor in round 2, indicating that a large proportion of elevated PSA values are caused by benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) rather than by prostate cancer.
  • [MeSH-major] Mass Screening / standards. Prostate-Specific Antigen / blood. Prostatic Neoplasms / diagnosis
  • [MeSH-minor] Age Distribution. Aged. Europe / epidemiology. Humans. Incidence. Male. Middle Aged. Neoplasm Staging. Prognosis. Randomized Controlled Trials as Topic. Risk Assessment. Survival Rate. Time Factors


79. Spannuth WA, Rocconi RP, Kirby TO, Huh WK, Conner MG: Gamma mode of infiltration associated with poor prognosis in malignant teratoma of the ovary: A case report. Gynecol Oncol; 2005 Jul;98(1):155-7
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  • [Title] Gamma mode of infiltration associated with poor prognosis in malignant teratoma of the ovary: A case report.
  • BACKGROUND: Although mature cystic teratoma is the most common tumor of the ovary, squamous cell carcinoma arising from a mature teratoma is a rare event.
  • Prognosis depends on clinical stage, grade, and recently described mode of tumor infiltration.
  • CASE: This case involves a 52-year-old woman with stage II squamous cell carcinoma arising in a mature cystic teratoma of the left ovary.
  • Final pathology demonstrated poorly differentiated squamous cell carcinoma with gamma mode of tumor infiltration.
  • CONCLUSION: Squamous cell carcinoma arising from a benign cystic teratoma is a rare event.
  • This case supports the growing evidence linking the mode of tumor infiltration with overall prognosis of survival.
  • [MeSH-major] Carcinoma, Squamous Cell / pathology. Ovarian Neoplasms / pathology. Teratoma / pathology
  • [MeSH-minor] Chemotherapy, Adjuvant. Female. Humans. Middle Aged. Neoplasm Staging. Prognosis

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  • (PMID = 15922442.001).
  • [ISSN] 0090-8258
  • [Journal-full-title] Gynecologic oncology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Gynecol. Oncol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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80. Yoshida J, Horiuchi A, Kikuchi N, Hayashi A, Osada R, Ohira S, Shiozawa T, Konishi I: Changes in the expression of E-cadherin repressors, Snail, Slug, SIP1, and Twist, in the development and progression of ovarian carcinoma: the important role of Snail in ovarian tumorigenesis and progression. Med Mol Morphol; 2009 Jun;42(2):82-91
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  • [Title] Changes in the expression of E-cadherin repressors, Snail, Slug, SIP1, and Twist, in the development and progression of ovarian carcinoma: the important role of Snail in ovarian tumorigenesis and progression.
  • Changes in the expression of E-cadherin have been reported to be important in the tumorigenesis and progression of epithelial ovarian carcinoma.
  • To further examine the mechanisms regulating E-cadherin expression in ovarian tumorigenesis, we investigated the immunohistochemical expression of transcriptional repressors for E-cadherin, such as Snail, Slug, SIP1, and Twist, in the ovarian surface epithelium (OSE) and 95 cases of epithelial ovarian tumors.
  • Of 95 ovarian tumors, the expression of Snail, Slug, SIP1, and Twist increased stepwise in benign, borderline, and malignant tumors.
  • The prognosis of ovarian carcinoma patients positive for Snail expression was poorer than that of negative patients.
  • Our results indicate that the expression of E-cadherin transcriptional repressors increased with malignancy in ovarian epithelial neoplasms and that the expression of E-cadherin and its negative regulators is altered during ovarian cancer development and peritoneal dissemination.
  • [MeSH-major] Cadherins / metabolism. Carcinoma / metabolism. Ovarian Neoplasms / metabolism. Repressor Proteins / metabolism. Transcription Factors / metabolism
  • [MeSH-minor] Biomarkers, Tumor / analysis. Blotting, Western. Disease Progression. Female. Humans. Immunohistochemistry. Nerve Tissue Proteins / analysis. Nerve Tissue Proteins / metabolism. Nuclear Proteins / analysis. Nuclear Proteins / metabolism. Ovary / chemistry. Ovary / cytology. Ovary / pathology. RNA-Binding Proteins / analysis. RNA-Binding Proteins / metabolism. Reverse Transcriptase Polymerase Chain Reaction. Snail Family Transcription Factors. Twist-Related Protein 1 / analysis. Twist-Related Protein 1 / metabolism

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  • (PMID = 19536615.001).
  • [ISSN] 1860-1480
  • [Journal-full-title] Medical molecular morphology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Med Mol Morphol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Japan
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Biomarkers, Tumor; 0 / Cadherins; 0 / GEMIN2 protein, human; 0 / Nerve Tissue Proteins; 0 / Nuclear Proteins; 0 / RNA-Binding Proteins; 0 / Repressor Proteins; 0 / SNAI1 protein, human; 0 / Snail Family Transcription Factors; 0 / TWIST1 protein, human; 0 / Transcription Factors; 0 / Twist-Related Protein 1
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81. Aïda AK, Sana BS, Essia S, Carole GB, Ahlem LB, Amel T, Sabah MR: [Malignant degeneration of mature benign teratoma of the ovary: a case report]. Tunis Med; 2005 Nov;83(11):710-3
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  • [Title] [Malignant degeneration of mature benign teratoma of the ovary: a case report].
  • [Transliterated title] Degenerescence maligne des teratomes matures benins de l'ovaire: a propos d'un nouveau cas.
  • Malignant transformation of ovarian mature benign teratomas is an uncommon complication which often occurs in the postmenopausal period.
  • Clinical presentation is similar to that of benign ovarian cysts.
  • The diagnosis of malignant transformation is often made per-operatively by the break of the capsule and the adhesions of the tumor or during histological examination.
  • The diagnosis is based on the association between a mature teratoma and a non metastatic unitissular, carcinoma or sarcoma.
  • We report the case of a 70-year-old woman who had a squamous cell carcinoma which developed on a teratoma of the ovary, for whom the disease was fatal.
  • The survival rate for this kind of ovarian tumour is reduced, with 15 to 30% survival after 5 years, irrespective of stages and histological types.
  • [MeSH-major] Carcinoma, Squamous Cell / pathology. Neoplasms, Multiple Primary / pathology. Ovarian Neoplasms / pathology. Teratoma / pathology
  • [MeSH-minor] Aged. Cell Transformation, Neoplastic / pathology. Diagnosis, Differential. Fatal Outcome. Female. Humans. Lymphatic Metastasis / pathology. Ovarian Cysts / diagnosis


82. Romero Gutiérrez G, Naves Sánchez J, Horna López A, Aspe Lucero CJ, Molina Rodríguez R, Ponce de León AL: [Risk factors associated to ovarian cancer]. Ginecol Obstet Mex; 2005 Nov;73(11):611-7
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  • [Title] [Risk factors associated to ovarian cancer].
  • [Transliterated title] Factores de riesgo asociados con cáncer de ovario.
  • OBJECTIVE: To determine the risk factors associated to ovarian cancer.
  • PATIENTS AND METHODS: A case-control study was carried out including 31 women with ovarian cancer and 69 patients with benign ovarian tumors corroborated with a histopathological study.
  • The dependent variable was ovarian cancer, and it was assigned a value of 1 if it was present and 0 if it was absent.
  • RESULTS: The malignant tumor of epithelial cells was the most common histological variety and was seen in 22 cases (71%).
  • There were 24 cases (77.4%) in clinical stage I at the time of the diagnosis.
  • Out of the 26 studied variables late menarche (p = 0.02), multiparity (p = 0.02), loss of weight (p = 0.04), solid tumor (p = 0.02), mixed tumor (p = 0.02) and irregularities of the tumor (p = 0.03) were significant in the applied model.
  • CONCLUSIONS: The sociodemographic variables associated to ovarian cancer were: late menarche and multiparity; the clinical significant variable was loss of weight; and the ultrasonographic variables were solid tumor, mixed tumor and irregularities of the tumor.
  • A population screening program is recommended in women who are in reproductive age, and it should include a gynecological ultrasonographic scanning in order to make an opportune diagnosis of this pathology.
  • [MeSH-major] Ovarian Neoplasms / epidemiology

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  • (PMID = 16579167.001).
  • [ISSN] 0300-9041
  • [Journal-full-title] Ginecología y obstetricia de México
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Ginecol Obstet Mex
  • [Language] spa
  • [Publication-type] English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Mexico
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83. Liu YN, Ye X, Cheng HY, Cheng YX, Fu TY, Chen J, Chang XH, Cui H: [Measurement of serum human epididymis secretory protein 4 combined with CA125 assay in differential diagnosis of endometriosis cyst and ovarian benign and malignant tumors]. Zhonghua Fu Chan Ke Za Zhi; 2010 May;45(5):363-6
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  • [Title] [Measurement of serum human epididymis secretory protein 4 combined with CA125 assay in differential diagnosis of endometriosis cyst and ovarian benign and malignant tumors].
  • OBJECTIVE: To investigate the value of human epididymis secretory protein 4(HE4) combined with CA125 assay in differential diagnosis of endometriosis cyst and ovarian malignant tumor.
  • METHODS: The level of HE4 and CA125 were measured by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) in the serum specimens of 46 cases in endometriosis cyst group, 36 cases in malignant ovarian tumor group, 60 cases in benign ovarian diseases and 50 women in healthy women group.
  • The normal range were 0-150 pmol/L in HE4 and 0-35 kU/L, which either one was more than the threshold value defined as positive index.
  • The sensitivity of assay was evaluated by receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve, the relation and value of HE4 or CA125 alone and combination assay in diagnosis of endometriosis was analyzed by Mann-Whitney U test and correlation analysis. RESULTS:.
  • (1) HE4: the median levels of HE4 were 52.4, 51.0, 50.0 pmol/L in group of endometriosis, normal control and benign ovarian tumor, which didn't show statistical difference.
  • However, HE4 was 507.5 pmol/L in ovarian cancer group, which was significantly higher than those of 3 groups (P<0.05). (2) CA125: there were significant different in median level of CA125 was observed as 743.0 kU/L in ovarian cancer, 84.9 kU/L in endoemtriosis, 15.4 kU/L in benign ovarian disease, and 11.5 kU/L in healthy women (P<0.05). (3) The single assay: when compared with that in endometriosis group, receiver operating characteristic area under the curve (ROC-AUC) were 0.933 in HE4 alone and 0.821 in CA125 alone assay in ovarian cancer group.
  • The specificity was 95% and the sensitivity was 79.6% and 49.0%. (4) The combination assay: when compared with those in endometriosis group, the ROC-AUC was 0.936, the specificity was 95% and the sensitivity was 81.0% in ovarian cancer.
  • CONCLUSIONS: Measurement of HE4 could be used in differential diagnosis of endometriosis cyst.
  • And the combination of HE4 and CA(125) assay could discriminate ovarian endometriosis cysts from ovarian malignant tumors effectively.
  • [MeSH-major] CA-125 Antigen / blood. Endometriosis / diagnosis. Epididymal Secretory Proteins / analysis. Ovarian Neoplasms / diagnosis
  • [MeSH-minor] Adolescent. Adult. Aged. Biomarkers, Tumor / blood. Case-Control Studies. Diagnosis, Differential. Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay. Female. Humans. Middle Aged. Neoplasm Staging. ROC Curve. Sensitivity and Specificity. Young Adult

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  • (PMID = 20646446.001).
  • [ISSN] 0529-567X
  • [Journal-full-title] Zhonghua fu chan ke za zhi
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Zhonghua Fu Chan Ke Za Zhi
  • [Language] chi
  • [Publication-type] English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] China
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Biomarkers, Tumor; 0 / CA-125 Antigen; 0 / Epididymal Secretory Proteins
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84. Liu HY, Zheng YH, Zhang JZ, Leng JH, Sun DW, Liu ZF, Zhu L, Lang JH: [Establishment of endometriosis diagnostic model using plasma protein profiling]. Zhonghua Fu Chan Ke Za Zhi; 2009 Aug;44(8):601-4
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  • METHODS: Plasma samples from 36 patients with endometriosis (endometriosis group) matched with 35 patients with infertility or benign ovarian tumors (control group) before laparoscopy were collected at Peking Union Medical College Hospital from January to October 2007.
  • [MeSH-major] Biomarkers / blood. Blood Proteins / analysis. Endometriosis / diagnosis. Proteomics / methods. Spectrometry, Mass, Matrix-Assisted Laser Desorption-Ionization / methods

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  • (PMID = 20003789.001).
  • [ISSN] 0529-567X
  • [Journal-full-title] Zhonghua fu chan ke za zhi
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Zhonghua Fu Chan Ke Za Zhi
  • [Language] chi
  • [Publication-type] English Abstract; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] China
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Biomarkers; 0 / Blood Proteins
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85. Ma Y, Ma L, Guo Q, Zhang S: Expression of bone morphogenetic protein-2 and its receptors in epithelial ovarian cancer and their influence on the prognosis of ovarian cancer patients. J Exp Clin Cancer Res; 2010;29:85
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  • [Title] Expression of bone morphogenetic protein-2 and its receptors in epithelial ovarian cancer and their influence on the prognosis of ovarian cancer patients.
  • BACKGROUND: To determine the expression of bone morphogenetic protein-2 (BMP-2) and its receptors BMPRIA, BMPRIB, and BMPRII in epithelial ovarian cancer (EOC) and to analyze their influence on the prognosis of ovarian cancer patients.
  • METHODS: Semi-quantitative RT-PCR and western blot were applied to detect the expression of BMP-2 and its receptors BMPRIA, BMPRIB, and BMPRII in EOC, benign ovarian tumors, and normal ovarian tissue at the mRNA and protein levels.
  • Immunohistochemistry was used to determine the expression of BMP-2 and its receptors in 100 patients with EOC to analyze their influence on the five-year survival rate and survival time of ovarian cancer patients. RESULTS:.
  • (1) The mRNA and protein expression levels of BMP-2, BMPRIB, and BMPRII in ovarian cancer tissue were remarkably lower than those in benign ovarian tumors and normal ovarian tissue, while no significant differences in BMPRIA expression level was found among the three kinds of tissues. (2) The five-year survival rate and the average survival time after surgery of EOC patients with positive expression of BMP-2, BMPRIB, and BMPRII were remarkably higher than those of patients with negative expression of BMP-2, BMPRIB, and BMPRII.
  • BMPRIA expression was not associated with the five-year survival rate or with the average survival time of ovarian cancer patients.
  • CONCLUSIONS: BMP-2, BMPRIB, and BMPRII exhibited low expression in EOC tissue, and variation or loss of expression may indicate poor prognosis for ovarian cancer patients.
  • [MeSH-major] Bone Morphogenetic Protein 2 / metabolism. Bone Morphogenetic Protein Receptors, Type I / metabolism. Bone Morphogenetic Protein Receptors, Type II / metabolism. Neoplasms, Glandular and Epithelial / metabolism. Ovarian Neoplasms / metabolism
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Aged. Blotting, Western. Case-Control Studies. Female. Humans. Immunoenzyme Techniques. Middle Aged. Ovary / metabolism. Ovary / pathology. Prognosis. RNA, Messenger / genetics. Reverse Transcriptase Polymerase Chain Reaction. Survival Rate. Young Adult

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  • (PMID = 20587070.001).
  • [ISSN] 1756-9966
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of experimental & clinical cancer research : CR
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Exp. Clin. Cancer Res.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Comparative Study; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / BMP2 protein, human; 0 / Bone Morphogenetic Protein 2; 0 / RNA, Messenger; EC 2.7.11.30 / BMPR1A protein, human; EC 2.7.11.30 / BMPR1B protein, human; EC 2.7.11.30 / BMPR2 protein, human; EC 2.7.11.30 / Bone Morphogenetic Protein Receptors, Type I; EC 2.7.11.30 / Bone Morphogenetic Protein Receptors, Type II
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC2907340
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86. Penumatsa K, Edassery SL, Barua A, Bradaric MJ, Luborsky JL: Differential expression of aldehyde dehydrogenase 1a1 (ALDH1) in normal ovary and serous ovarian tumors. J Ovarian Res; 2010;3:28
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  • [Title] Differential expression of aldehyde dehydrogenase 1a1 (ALDH1) in normal ovary and serous ovarian tumors.
  • BACKGROUND: We showed there are specific ALDH1 autoantibodies in ovarian autoimmune disease and ovarian cancer, suggesting a role for ALDH1 in ovarian pathology.
  • However, there is little information on the ovarian expression of ALDH1.
  • Therefore, we compared ALDH1 expression in normal ovary and benign and malignant ovarian tumors to determine if ALDH1 expression is altered in ovarian cancer.
  • Since there is also recent interest in ALDH1 as a cancer stem cell (CSC) marker, we assessed co-expression of ALDH1 with CSC markers in order to determine if ALDH1 is a potential CSC marker in ovarian cancer.
  • METHODS: mRNA and protein expression were compared in normal human ovary and serous ovarian tumors using quantitative Reverse-Transcriptase PCR, Western blot (WB) and semi-quantitative immunohistochemistry (IHC).
  • ALDH1 enzyme activity was confirmed in primary ovarian cells by flow cytometry (FC) using ALDEFLUOR assay.
  • RESULTS: ALDH1 mRNA expression was significantly reduced (p < 0.01; n = 5) in malignant tumors compared to normal ovaries and benign tumors.
  • The proportion of ALDH1+ cells was significantly lower in malignant tumors (17.1 ± 7.61%; n = 5) compared to normal ovaries (37.4 ± 5.4%; p < 0.01; n = 5) and benign tumors (31.03 ± 6.68%; p < 0.05; n = 5).
  • ALDH1+ cells occurred in the stroma and surface epithelium in normal ovary and benign tumors, although surface epithelial expression varied more in benign tumors.
  • Localization of ALDH1 was heterogeneous in malignant tumor cells and little ALDH1 expression occurred in poorly differentiated malignant tumors.
  • In benign tumors the distribution of ALDH1 had features of both normal ovary and malignant tumors.
  • CONCLUSIONS: Total ALDH1 expression is significantly reduced in malignant ovarian tumors while it is relatively unchanged in benign tumors compared to normal ovary.
  • Thus, ALDH1 expression in the ovary does not appear to be similar to breast, lung or colon cancer suggesting possible functional differences in these cancers.
  • SIGNIFICANCE: These observations suggest that reduced ALDH1 expression is associated with malignant transformation in ovarian cancer and provides a basis for further study of the mechanism of ALDH1 in this process.

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  • (PMID = 21176222.001).
  • [ISSN] 1757-2215
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of ovarian research
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Ovarian Res
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC3022900
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87. Pillay OC, Te Fong LF, Crow JC, Benjamin E, Mould T, Atiomo W, Menon PA, Leonard AJ, Hardiman P: The association between polycystic ovaries and endometrial cancer. Hum Reprod; 2006 Apr;21(4):924-9
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  • BACKGROUND: Women with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) are assumed to be at increased risk of endometrial cancer (EC), albeit of a more differentiated type with better prognosis than in normal women.
  • METHODS: The prevalence of polycystic ovaries (PCO), as a marker of PCOS, was investigated in ovarian sections from 128 women with EC and 83 with benign gynaecological conditions.
  • RESULTS: Overall, PCO were similarly prevalent in women with EC (8.6%) and benign controls (8.4%); however, in women aged <50 years, PCO were more prevalent in women with EC (62.5 versus 27.3%, P = 0.033).
  • [MeSH-major] Endometrial Neoplasms / complications. Polycystic Ovary Syndrome / complications
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Aged. Biomarkers, Tumor. Cyclin D1 / metabolism. Female. Humans. Immunohistochemistry. Ki-67 Antigen / metabolism. Middle Aged. Ovary / pathology. Prognosis. Proto-Oncogene Proteins / metabolism. Risk Factors. Tumor Suppressor Protein p53 / metabolism


88. Zhao Y, Zong ZH, Xu HM: RhoC expression level is correlated with the clinicopathological characteristics of ovarian cancer and the expression levels of ROCK-I, VEGF, and MMP9. Gynecol Oncol; 2010 Mar;116(3):563-71
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  • [Title] RhoC expression level is correlated with the clinicopathological characteristics of ovarian cancer and the expression levels of ROCK-I, VEGF, and MMP9.
  • OBJECTIVE: To determine the clinicopathological significance of RhoC expression in human ovarian cancer and its effect on the expression of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), Rho-associated coiled-coil-forming kinase (ROCK), and metal matrix proteinases (MMPs).
  • METHODS: Tissue samples from normal ovaries, benign ovarian tumors, and epithelial ovarian cancer were collected.
  • Small interfering RNA (siRNA) was also used to target RhoC expression in the OVCAR3 and CaOV3 ovarian cancer cell lines, after which cell invasion and migration assays were performed, and the expression of ROCK-I, VEGF, and MMP9 was evaluated.
  • RESULTS: The expression levels of RhoC, ROCK-I, VEGF, and MMP9 mRNA and protein were significantly higher in ovarian cancer, showing a correlation with clinical stage but not histological type.
  • CONCLUSION: The expression level of RhoC is correlated to clinical stage and vascularization in ovarian cancer.
  • [MeSH-major] Matrix Metalloproteinase 9 / biosynthesis. Ovarian Neoplasms / metabolism. Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor A / biosynthesis. rho GTP-Binding Proteins / biosynthesis. rho-Associated Kinases / biosynthesis
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Aged. Aged, 80 and over. Cell Line, Tumor. Cell Movement / physiology. Female. Humans. Matrix Metalloproteinase Inhibitors. Middle Aged. Neoplasm Invasiveness. Neovascularization, Pathologic / genetics. Neovascularization, Pathologic / metabolism. Neovascularization, Pathologic / pathology. RNA, Messenger / biosynthesis. RNA, Messenger / genetics. RNA, Small Interfering / administration & dosage. RNA, Small Interfering / genetics. Transfection. Young Adult

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  • (PMID = 20022093.001).
  • [ISSN] 1095-6859
  • [Journal-full-title] Gynecologic oncology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Gynecol. Oncol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Matrix Metalloproteinase Inhibitors; 0 / RHOC protein, human; 0 / RNA, Messenger; 0 / RNA, Small Interfering; 0 / VEGFA protein, human; 0 / Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor A; EC 2.7.11.1 / rho-Associated Kinases; EC 3.4.24.35 / Matrix Metalloproteinase 9; EC 3.6.5.2 / rho GTP-Binding Proteins
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89. Shi HR, Zhang RT: [Expression and significance of P53, P21WAF1 and CDK1 proteins in epithelial ovarian cancer]. Ai Zheng; 2009 Aug;28(8):882-5
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  • [Title] [Expression and significance of P53, P21WAF1 and CDK1 proteins in epithelial ovarian cancer].
  • This study was to investigate the expression and significance of P53, P21WAF1 and CDK1 proteins in epithelial ovarian cancer.
  • METHODS: The expression of P53, P21WAF1 and CDK1 proteins in 20 specimens of normal ovarian tissues, 20 specimens of benign epithelial ovarian tumor and 76 specimens of epithelial ovarian cancer was detected by immunohistochemistry.
  • Their correlations to the clinicopathologic characteristics of epithelial ovarian cancer and their interrelationships were analyzed.
  • RESULTS: Significant differences were noted in the positive rates of P53, P21WAF1 and CDK1 proteins between epithelial ovarian cancer and normal ovarian tissues, benign ovarian tumors (P < 0.05).
  • In epithelial ovarian cancer, up-regulation of P53 protein was associated with advanced FIGO stage and poor differentiation; down-regulation of P21WAF1 protein was associated with advanced FIGO stage; CDK1 showed no association with any clinicopathologic factors.
  • CONCLUSIONS: P53 protein is related to the malignancy of epithelial ovarian cancer, P53 and P21WAF1 protein may be related to the malignant development of epithelial ovarian cancer.
  • CDK1 detection may be helpful in the early diagnosis of epithelial ovarian cancer.
  • [MeSH-major] CDC2 Protein Kinase / metabolism. Cyclin-Dependent Kinase Inhibitor p21 / metabolism. Cystadenocarcinoma, Mucinous / metabolism. Cystadenocarcinoma, Serous / metabolism. Ovarian Neoplasms / metabolism. Tumor Suppressor Protein p53 / metabolism
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Aged. Aged, 80 and over. Biomarkers, Tumor / metabolism. Cystadenoma, Mucinous / metabolism. Cystadenoma, Mucinous / pathology. Cystadenoma, Serous / metabolism. Cystadenoma, Serous / pathology. Female. Humans. Lymphatic Metastasis. Middle Aged. Neoplasm Staging. Ovary / metabolism. Ovary / pathology. Young Adult

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  • (PMID = 19664338.001).
  • [Journal-full-title] Ai zheng = Aizheng = Chinese journal of cancer
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Ai Zheng
  • [Language] chi
  • [Publication-type] English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] China
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Biomarkers, Tumor; 0 / CDKN1A protein, human; 0 / Cyclin-Dependent Kinase Inhibitor p21; 0 / TP53 protein, human; 0 / Tumor Suppressor Protein p53; EC 2.7.11.22 / CDC2 Protein Kinase
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90. Maeda D, Ota S, Takazawa Y, Aburatani H, Nakagawa S, Yano T, Taketani Y, Kodama T, Fukayama M: Glypican-3 expression in clear cell adenocarcinoma of the ovary. Mod Pathol; 2009 Jun;22(6):824-32
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  • [Title] Glypican-3 expression in clear cell adenocarcinoma of the ovary.
  • Glypican-3 is a heparan sulfate proteoglycan that is overexpressed in various neoplasms such as hepatocellular carcinoma, malignant melanoma, and testicular yolk sac tumor.
  • Glypican-3 is currently regarded as a tumor marker and potential target for immunotherapy.
  • To clarify the significance of glypican-3 expression in ovarian clear cell adenocarcinoma, we evaluated glypican-3 expression by immunohistochemistry in nonneoplastic and neoplastic ovaries, and other Müllerian duct derivatives including endometrium in different menstrual phases.
  • Among the benign lesions examined, glypican-3 expression was identified exclusively in the endometrial epithelium in the gestational period.
  • A total of 213 cases of ovarian adenocarcinoma, including 94 clear cell adenocarcinomas, were studied.
  • All six ovarian yolk sac tumors showed diffuse immunoreactivity for glypican-3.
  • In cases of clear cell adenocarcinoma, no correlations were found between glypican-3 expression and clinicopathological factors, such as tumor stage, lymph node metastasis, peritoneal dissemination, and death rate.
  • Our results suggest that overexpression of glypican-3 may be related to the development and aggressive behavior of ovarian clear cell adenocarcinoma.
  • [MeSH-major] Adenocarcinoma, Clear Cell / metabolism. Biomarkers, Tumor / analysis. Glypicans / biosynthesis. Ovarian Neoplasms / metabolism
  • [MeSH-minor] Female. Humans. Immunohistochemistry. Kaplan-Meier Estimate. Middle Aged. Neoplasm Staging

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  • (PMID = 19329941.001).
  • [ISSN] 1530-0285
  • [Journal-full-title] Modern pathology : an official journal of the United States and Canadian Academy of Pathology, Inc
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Mod. Pathol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Biomarkers, Tumor; 0 / Glypicans
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91. Levy AD, Shaw JC, Sobin LH: Secondary tumors and tumorlike lesions of the peritoneal cavity: imaging features with pathologic correlation. Radiographics; 2009 Mar-Apr;29(2):347-73
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  • [Title] Secondary tumors and tumorlike lesions of the peritoneal cavity: imaging features with pathologic correlation.
  • Tumors and tumorlike lesions that secondarily involve the mesothelial or submesothelial layers of the peritoneum are a diverse group of disorders that range in biologic behavior from benign to highly malignant.
  • Peritoneal carcinomatosis is the most common secondary tumor to affect the peritoneal cavity.
  • When it arises from carcinomas of the gastrointestinal tract or ovary, the prognosis is grave.
  • Granulomatous peritonitis is the consequence of disseminated infection such as tuberculosis or histoplasmosis, foreign materials, or rupture of a tumor or hollow viscus.
  • Finally, a group of benign miscellaneous conditions that range from common disorders such as endometriosis and splenosis to very rare conditions such as gliomatosis peritonei and melanosis may also affect the peritoneum diffusely.
  • Secondary tumors and tumorlike lesions of the peritoneum have overlapping imaging features when compared with each other and primary peritoneal tumors.
  • [MeSH-major] Neoplasms, Mesothelial / diagnosis. Neoplasms, Mesothelial / secondary. Peritoneal Neoplasms / diagnosis. Peritoneal Neoplasms / secondary. Tomography, X-Ray Computed / methods. Ultrasonography / methods

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  • (PMID = 19325052.001).
  • [ISSN] 1527-1323
  • [Journal-full-title] Radiographics : a review publication of the Radiological Society of North America, Inc
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Radiographics
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Number-of-references] 93
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92. Barbancho DC, Novillo IC, Vázquez AG, Díaz ML, Sánchez RT, Gordo MB: [Laparoscopy for ovarian tumors in children]. Cir Pediatr; 2007 Jan;20(1):15-8
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  • [Title] [Laparoscopy for ovarian tumors in children].
  • [Transliterated title] La laparoscopia en el manejo de los tumores ováiricos en la infancia.
  • We reported our experience in the laparoscopic management of ovarian tumors.
  • PATIENTS AND METHODS: 22 patients with ovarian tumor were treated with laparoscopy in our hospital from 1998 to 2005.
  • The following features have been taken into account: surgical techniques in the dissection and extraction of the tumors, time of surgery, hospital stay, complications and time of follow- up.
  • RESULTS: 21 benign teratomas and one osteosarcoma metastasis were observed in this group of 22 patients.
  • The average of age at diagnosis was 9.5 years (range 1.5-17 years) The chief symptom was acute abdominal pain in 47.3% of cases, in 10.5% was chronic pain and in 42.2% of patients was an incidental finding.
  • In 8 girls (36.4%) were performed adnexectomy, in 11 (50%) ooforectomy and in three cases (13.6%) the cyst was enucleated with preservation on the ovary.
  • CONCLUSIONS: Laparoscopic management of ovarian tumor is safe and effective.
  • It allows the surgeon to dissect the tumor, to determine respectability in ovarian cancer and taking biopsy under direct vision.
  • [MeSH-major] Laparoscopy / methods. Ovarian Neoplasms / surgery. Teratoma / surgery

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  • (PMID = 17489487.001).
  • [ISSN] 0214-1221
  • [Journal-full-title] Cirugía pediátrica : organo oficial de la Sociedad Española de Cirugía Pediátrica
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Cir Pediatr
  • [Language] spa
  • [Publication-type] English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Spain
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93. Zhen H, Yang S, Wu H, Wang S, Lv J, Ma L, Zhang X: LyGDI is a promising biomarker for ovarian cancer. Int J Gynecol Cancer; 2010 Apr;20(3):316-22
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  • [Title] LyGDI is a promising biomarker for ovarian cancer.
  • The aim of this study was to investigate the usefulness of LyGDI as a biomarker for the detection of ovarian cancer, and its specificity and sensitivity were compared with those of cancer antigen 125 (CA125).
  • METHODS: The serum levels of LyGDI were determined by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay in 42 patients with ovarian disease, including 30 ovarian cancers and 12 benign ovarian lesions, and 76 healthy controls.
  • The expression of LyGDI was also evaluated by immunohistochemical staining in resected ovarian tissues of these patients.
  • RESULTS: The serum LyGDI level of cancers was significantly greater than those of the benign and healthy groups (P = 0.002 and P < 0.0001, respectively), whereas no difference was observed between the benign and control groups (P = 0.889).
  • Based upon receiver operating characteristic curve analysis, LyGDI levels were able to distinguish ovarian cancer from benign ovarian disease (P = 0.0001) and healthy control (P < 0.0001; areas under the receiver operating characteristic curves, 0.876 and 0.833, respectively).
  • For ovarian cancers, 83.3% (25/30) or 80.0% (24/30) was identified by serum LyGDI (> or = 1.5 ng/mL) alone or by CA125 (>35 U/mL) alone.
  • It is of particular importance to note that all cancer patients were identified by use of both markers, and the specificity was 83.3% for the benign group.
  • Immunohistochemical staining confirmed the expression of LyGDI on cancerous epithelial cells other than benign ovarian epithelium.
  • CONCLUSIONS: These results suggest that LyGDI has significant potential as a marker for detection of ovarian cancer in the patients with ovarian enlargement, including detection of early-stage cancers.
  • [MeSH-major] Biomarkers, Tumor / blood. Guanine Nucleotide Dissociation Inhibitors / blood. Ovarian Neoplasms / diagnosis. Tumor Suppressor Proteins / blood
  • [MeSH-minor] Adenocarcinoma, Clear Cell / blood. Adenocarcinoma, Clear Cell / diagnosis. Adenocarcinoma, Mucinous / blood. Adenocarcinoma, Mucinous / diagnosis. Adult. Aged. Aged, 80 and over. CA-125 Antigen / blood. Case-Control Studies. Cystadenocarcinoma, Serous / blood. Cystadenocarcinoma, Serous / diagnosis. Endometrial Neoplasms / blood. Endometrial Neoplasms / diagnosis. Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay. Female. Humans. Immunoenzyme Techniques. Middle Aged. Neoplasm Staging. Ovary / metabolism. Prognosis. Sensitivity and Specificity. rho Guanine Nucleotide Dissociation Inhibitor beta. rho-Specific Guanine Nucleotide Dissociation Inhibitors

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  • (PMID = 20375790.001).
  • [ISSN] 1525-1438
  • [Journal-full-title] International journal of gynecological cancer : official journal of the International Gynecological Cancer Society
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Int. J. Gynecol. Cancer
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Comparative Study; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / ARHGDIB protein, human; 0 / Biomarkers, Tumor; 0 / CA-125 Antigen; 0 / Guanine Nucleotide Dissociation Inhibitors; 0 / Tumor Suppressor Proteins; 0 / rho Guanine Nucleotide Dissociation Inhibitor beta; 0 / rho-Specific Guanine Nucleotide Dissociation Inhibitors
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94. Jeschke U, Bischof A, Speer R, Briese V, Richter DU, Bergemann C, Mylonas I, Shabani N, Friese K, Karsten U: Development of monoclonal and polyclonal antibodies and an ELISA for the determination of glycodelin in human serum, amniotic fluid and cystic fluid of benign and malignant ovarian tumors. Anticancer Res; 2005 May-Jun;25(3A):1581-9
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  • [Title] Development of monoclonal and polyclonal antibodies and an ELISA for the determination of glycodelin in human serum, amniotic fluid and cystic fluid of benign and malignant ovarian tumors.
  • We also found significantly increased glycodelin concentrations in the fluids of malignant ovarian cysts compared to benign ovarian tumors (p<0.001).
  • Its most promising application is expected in the diagnosis of ovarian cancer.
  • [MeSH-major] Antibodies / immunology. Glycoproteins / analysis. Ovarian Neoplasms / chemistry. Pregnancy Proteins / analysis

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  • (PMID = 16033064.001).
  • [ISSN] 0250-7005
  • [Journal-full-title] Anticancer research
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Anticancer Res.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] Greece
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Antibodies; 0 / Glycoproteins; 0 / PAEP protein, human; 0 / Pregnancy Proteins
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95. Hahm TS, Ham JS, Kang JY: Unilateral massive hydrothorax in a gynecologic patient with pseudo-Meigs' syndrome -A case report-. Korean J Anesthesiol; 2010 Feb;58(2):202-6
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  • Pseudo-Meigs' syndrome is characterized by the presence of a benign ovarian tumor associated with ascites and a right-sided hydrothorax.

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  • [Cites] J Obstet Gynaecol Res. 2005 Jun;31(3):257-62 [15916664.001]
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  • (PMID = 20498801.001).
  • [ISSN] 2005-7563
  • [Journal-full-title] Korean journal of anesthesiology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Korean J Anesthesiol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Korea (South)
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC2872861
  • [Keywords] NOTNLM ; Hydrothorax / Hypoxia / Pseudo-Meigs' syndrome
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96. Ellenberger C, Bartmann CP, Hoppen HO, Kratzsch J, Aupperle H, Klug E, Schoon D, Schoon HA: Histomorphological and immunohistochemical characterization of equine granulosa cell tumours. J Comp Pathol; 2007 Feb-Apr;136(2-3):167-76
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  • Benign (n=33) and malignant metastasizing (n=1) granulosa cell tumours (GCTs) from 34 mares aged 3-21 years, and normal (control) ovaries from nine mares aged 3-10 years, were examined histologically and immunohistochemically (for inhibin alpha, glutathione S-transferase alpha [GSTalpha], c-erbB-2 oncoprotein [cerb], cytokeratin, vimentin, desmin and alpha-actin), the results being related where appropriate to clinical signs and endocrinological data.
  • Histological examination revealed that the GCTs were predominantly well differentiated neoplasms.
  • The metastasizing GCT differed immunohistochemically from the benign GCTs in respect of the expression patterns of vimentin, cerb and GSTalpha in the granulosa cells.
  • From the immunohistochemical and endocrinological findings it was concluded that GCTs produce abnormally high concentrations of inhibin, which reduce the release of follicle-stimulating hormone, leading to atrophy of the contralateral ovary-a finding in 27 of the mares.
  • [MeSH-major] Biomarkers, Tumor / metabolism. Granulosa Cell Tumor / veterinary. Horse Diseases / pathology. Immunoenzyme Techniques / veterinary. Ovarian Neoplasms / veterinary
  • [MeSH-minor] Animals. Female. Gonadal Steroid Hormones / blood. Horses. Inhibins / metabolism. Ovariectomy / veterinary. Ovary / metabolism. Ovary / pathology

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  • (PMID = 17416235.001).
  • [ISSN] 0021-9975
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of comparative pathology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Comp. Pathol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Biomarkers, Tumor; 0 / Gonadal Steroid Hormones; 57285-09-3 / Inhibins
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97. Cavigelli SA, Yee JR, McClintock MK: Infant temperament predicts life span in female rats that develop spontaneous tumors. Horm Behav; 2006 Sep;50(3):454-62
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  • [Title] Infant temperament predicts life span in female rats that develop spontaneous tumors.
  • To minimize the variance of disease processes at the end of life, we conducted a longitudinal study with female Sprague-Dawley rats prone to high rates of spontaneous mammary and pituitary tumors.
  • For females that developed either mammary or pituitary tumors, those that had been neophobic (least exploratory) as infants died approximately 6 months earlier than their neophilic (most exploratory) sisters.
  • In the case of mammary tumors, both benign and malignant, neophobic females developed palpable tumors earlier than neophilic females, whereas the interval between first palpation and death was the same for all females, indicating psychosocial regulation of early rather than later stages of the disease.
  • Neophobic females' ovarian function aged more rapidly than their neophilic sisters.
  • During puberty, when mammary tissue is proliferating and differentiating, neophobic females experienced more irregular cycles with prolonged "luteal" phases, suggesting a role for prolactin, prolonged progesterone and fewer estrogen surges during this sensitive period for mammary tumor risk.
  • [MeSH-major] Exploratory Behavior / physiology. Longevity / physiology. Mammary Neoplasms, Animal / physiopathology. Pituitary Neoplasms / physiopathology. Temperament / physiology
  • [MeSH-minor] Animals. Animals, Newborn. Female. Glucocorticoids / physiology. Life Expectancy. Ovary / physiology. Rats. Rats, Sprague-Dawley

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  • (PMID = 16836996.001).
  • [ISSN] 0018-506X
  • [Journal-full-title] Hormones and behavior
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Horm Behav
  • [Language] eng
  • [Grant] United States / NICHD NIH HHS / HD / F32 HD008693; United States / NICHD NIH HHS / HD / F32 HD08693; United States / NIA NIH HHS / AG / P01 AG018911; United States / NIMH NIH HHS / MH / R37 MH41788
  • [Publication-type] Comparative Study; Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Glucocorticoids
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98. Ulbright TM: Germ cell tumors of the gonads: a selective review emphasizing problems in differential diagnosis, newly appreciated, and controversial issues. Mod Pathol; 2005 Feb;18 Suppl 2:S61-79
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  • [Title] Germ cell tumors of the gonads: a selective review emphasizing problems in differential diagnosis, newly appreciated, and controversial issues.
  • Gonadal germ cell tumors continue to be the cause of diverse, diagnostically challenging issues for the pathologist, and their correct resolution often has major important therapeutic and prognostic implications.
  • They are academically interesting because of the biological diversity exhibited in the two gonads and variation in frequency of certain neoplasms.
  • The most dramatic examples of the latter are the frequency of dermoid cyst in the ovary compared to the testis and the reverse pertaining to embryonal carcinoma.
  • Within the teratoma group, there is strong evidence that ovarian and prepubertal testicular teratomas are derived from benign germ cells, a pathogenesis that likely applies also to the rare dermoid cysts and uncommon epidermoid cysts of the testis.
  • As expected, given the foregoing, teratomas in boys are clinically benign, whereas in postpubertal males they are malignant, independent of their degree of immaturity.
  • On the other hand, immaturity is an important finding in ovarian teratomas, irrespective of age, although its significance in children has recently been challenged.
  • It is usually recognized on the basis of embryonic-appearing neuroepithelium, which shows mitotic activity and apoptosis in contrast to differentiated neuroepithelial tissues, which may occur in mature ovarian teratomas.
  • Fetal-type tissues alone are not sufficient for a diagnosis of immature teratoma.
  • Further differences between the teratomatous tumors in the two gonads are the relative frequency of monodermal teratomas in the ovary in contrast to the testis, where only one subset, carcinoids, is seen with any frequency.
  • When uncommon somatic-type malignancies (usually squamous cell carcinoma) occur in mature cystic teratomas of the ovary, this is a de novo form of malignant transformation; similar tumors in the testis, a very rare event, represent overgrowth of teratomatous elements that originated from malignant, nonteratomatous germ cell tumors and, therefore, had previously undergone malignant transformation.
  • Germinomas may have several unusual features in each gonad; these include microcystic arrangements that suggest yolk sac tumor, tubular patterns that mimic Sertoli cell tumor, apparent increased cytological atypia that causes concern for embryonal carcinoma, and prominent syncytiotrophoblast giant cells that suggest choriocarcinoma.
  • A newly recognized aspect of this tumor is the propensity for some to be relatively monomorphic, making them apt to be mistaken for usual seminoma or embryonal carcinoma, although the characteristic polymorphic appearance in some foci, absence of intratubular germ cell neoplasia, unclassified type, and immunohistochemical stains should prevent this error.
  • Cytoplasmic membrane immunoreactivity for placental alkaline phosphatase and CD117, with usual negativity for AE1/AE3 cytokeratins, is helpful in the diagnosis of germinoma.
  • The recently described marker, OCT3/4, a nuclear transcription factor, is especially helpful in the differential of germinoma and embryonal carcinoma with other neoplasms.
  • Yolk sac tumor continues to be confused occasionally with clear cell carcinoma of the ovary.
  • Glandular ('endometrioid-like') yolk sac tumors mimic endometrioid carcinomas; predominant or pure hepatoid yolk sac tumors cause concern for metastatic hepatocellular carcinoma or, in the ovary, primary hepatoid carcinoma, and solid patterns, especially in limited samplings, may be misinterpreted as germinoma.
  • The usually younger age of patients with yolk sac tumors helps with the differential considerations with the nongerm cell tumors, as do other clinical and microscopic features and selected immunohistochemical stains.
  • Choriocarcinoma is rare in both gonads, and those in the ovary must be distinguished from metastatic tumors of placental origin.
  • Syncytiotrophoblast cells alone, admixed with other forms of germ cell tumor, still are confused with choriocarcinoma, but this phenomenon, which is much more frequent than choriocarcinoma, lacks the plexiform arrangement of different trophoblast cell types that typifies the latter.
  • Mixed germ cell tumors (which may show almost any combination of components) are common in the testis but rare in the ovary.
  • A separately categorized, rare form of mixed germ cell tumor seen in both gonads is the polyembryoma.
  • It is perhaps the most photogenic of all gonadal germ cell tumors and is also intriguing because of its distinctive, organized arrangement of yolk sac tumor and embryonal carcinoma elements and recapitulation of very early embryonic development, even to the extent of having in its fundamental unit, the embryoid body, a miniature yolk sac, and amniotic cavity.
  • These tumors, which are constituted by innumerable embryoid bodies, almost always contain teratomatous glands in minor amounts, and one way of viewing the polyembryoma is to consider it the most immature form of teratoma.
  • Embryoid bodies are also common as a minor component of many mixed germ cell tumors, particularly in the testis, and the diffuse embryoma is another variant that has a particular arrangement of yolk sac tumor and embryonal carcinoma elements.
  • Regression of gonadal germ cell tumors is a phenomenon restricted to the testis, for unknown reasons.
  • These so-called 'burnt-out' germ cell tumors can be recognized by a distinctive constellation of findings, including sometimes minor foci of residual recognizable germ cell neoplasia, a well-defined zone of scarring (often having residual ghost tubules), associated lymphoplasmacytic infiltrate, intratubular calcification and, in about 50%, of in situ germ cell neoplasia.
  • [MeSH-major] Neoplasms, Germ Cell and Embryonal / pathology. Ovarian Neoplasms / pathology. Testicular Neoplasms / pathology
  • [MeSH-minor] Antigens, CD30 / analysis. Diagnosis, Differential. Female. Germinoma / metabolism. Germinoma / pathology. Humans. Immunohistochemistry. Keratin-7. Keratins / analysis. Male. Organic Cation Transport Proteins / analysis. Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-kit / analysis. Teratoma / metabolism. Teratoma / pathology

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  • (PMID = 15761467.001).
  • [ISSN] 0893-3952
  • [Journal-full-title] Modern pathology : an official journal of the United States and Canadian Academy of Pathology, Inc
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Mod. Pathol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Antigens, CD30; 0 / KRT7 protein, human; 0 / Keratin-7; 0 / Organic Cation Transport Proteins; 0 / solute carrier family 22 (organic cation transporter), member 3; 68238-35-7 / Keratins; EC 2.7.10.1 / Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-kit
  • [Number-of-references] 132
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99. Ma L, Liu FR, Zhang SL: [Detection of circulating hypermethylated tumor-specific RASSF1A DNA in ovarian cancer patients]. Zhonghua Bing Li Xue Za Zhi; 2005 Dec;34(12):785-7
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] [Detection of circulating hypermethylated tumor-specific RASSF1A DNA in ovarian cancer patients].
  • OBJECTIVE: To detect hypermethylated tumor-specific RASSF1A DNA in the circulation and its significance in ovarian cancers patients.
  • METHODS: Methylation-specific polymerase chain reaction (MSP) was used to study the hypermethylation of RASSF1A in preoperative serum samples from 51 ovarian cancer patients.
  • RESULTS: The RASSF1A gene was not methylated in peripheral blood samples from 51 normal patients and 51 patients with benign ovarian tumors.
  • Hypermethylation of RASSF1A gene was found in circulating tumor-specific DNA in 43.1% of patients (22 out of 51 cases) with ovarian cancers (P < 0.05).
  • There was no difference in hypermethylation of RASSF1A gene amongst various ovarian cancer subtypes (P < 0.05).
  • On the other hand, hypermethylation of RASSF1A gene was more frequently encountered in stage III and IV than stage I and II tumors (P < 0.05).
  • CONCLUSIONS: There is a higher frequency of RASSF1A hypermethylation in circulating tumor-specific DNA of ovarian cancer patients.
  • RASSF1A has been postulated to play an important role as tumor suppressor gene and can be silenced by promoter hypermethylation.
  • Such observation may carry diagnostic and prognostic implications when assessing ovarian tumors.
  • [MeSH-major] DNA Methylation. Ovarian Neoplasms / blood. Tumor Suppressor Proteins / blood
  • [MeSH-minor] Carcinoma, Endometrioid / blood. Carcinoma, Endometrioid / pathology. Cystadenocarcinoma, Mucinous / blood. Cystadenocarcinoma, Mucinous / pathology. Cystadenocarcinoma, Serous / blood. Cystadenocarcinoma, Serous / pathology. Female. Humans. Neoplasm Staging

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  • (PMID = 16545186.001).
  • [ISSN] 0529-5807
  • [Journal-full-title] Zhonghua bing li xue za zhi = Chinese journal of pathology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Zhonghua Bing Li Xue Za Zhi
  • [Language] chi
  • [Publication-type] English Abstract; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] China
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / RASSF1 protein, human; 0 / Tumor Suppressor Proteins
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100. Hein S, Mahner S, Kanowski C, Löning T, Jänicke F, Milde-Langosch K: Expression of Jun and Fos proteins in ovarian tumors of different malignant potential and in ovarian cancer cell lines. Oncol Rep; 2009 Jul;22(1):177-83
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Expression of Jun and Fos proteins in ovarian tumors of different malignant potential and in ovarian cancer cell lines.
  • They play a role in cell proliferation, malignant transformation and invasion in various tumors.
  • The aim of the current study was to characterize the role of AP-1 in ovarian cancer.
  • Fifty-six ovarian tumors of different invasive potential including 13 metastases as well as 5 ovarian cancer cell lines were analyzed by Western blot analysis regarding their expression of pc-Jun, Jun B, Jun D, c-Fos, Fos B, Fra-1 and Fra-2.
  • The expression of pc-Jun, Jun B, Jun D and Fra-2 was higher in invasive cancer compared to benign tumors.
  • In metastases, c-Fos and Fos B expression was significantly lower than in the respective primary ovarian carcinomas.
  • These results suggest that AP-1 proteins are differentially expressed in benign ovarian tumors, tumors with low malignant potential and epithelial ovarian carcinomas and metastases.
  • No correlation with the proliferative and invasive potential of ovarian cancer cell lines could be found.
  • [MeSH-major] Ovarian Neoplasms / metabolism. Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-fos / metabolism. Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-jun / metabolism. Transcription Factor AP-1 / metabolism
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Aged. Aged, 80 and over. Cell Line, Tumor. Cell Movement. Cell Proliferation. Female. Fos-Related Antigen-2 / metabolism. Humans. Middle Aged. Neoplasm Invasiveness. Time Factors






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