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1. Huang D, Sumegi J, Dal Cin P, Reith JD, Yasuda T, Nelson M, Muirhead D, Bridge JA: C11orf95-MKL2 is the resulting fusion oncogene of t(11;16)(q13;p13) in chondroid lipoma. Genes Chromosomes Cancer; 2010 Sep;49(9):810-8
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  • Chondroid lipoma, a rare benign adipose tissue tumor, may histologically resemble myxoid liposarcoma or extraskeletal myxoid chondrosarcoma, but is genetically distinct.

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  • [Copyright] (c) 2010 Wiley-Liss, Inc.
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  • (PMID = 20607705.001).
  • [ISSN] 1098-2264
  • [Journal-full-title] Genes, chromosomes & cancer
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Genes Chromosomes Cancer
  • [Language] ENG
  • [Grant] United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / CA036727-24S59009; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / 5 P30 CA036727-2452; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / P30 CA036727-24S59009; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / U-10-CA98543-091
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / MKL2 protein, human; 0 / RNA, Messenger; 0 / RNA, Neoplasm; 0 / Transcription Factors
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ NIHMS203810; NLM/ PMC2904421
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2. Craig WD, Fanburg-Smith JC, Henry LR, Guerrero R, Barton JH: Fat-containing lesions of the retroperitoneum: radiologic-pathologic correlation. Radiographics; 2009 Jan-Feb;29(1):261-90
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  • Retroperitoneal lesions represent a broad, diverse collection of entities; when they contain fat, the differential diagnosis, which ranges from benign to fully malignant lesions, substantially narrows.
  • Hibernoma is a rare benign soft-tissue tumor composed of brown fat.
  • Teratomas are neoplasms that originate in pluripotent cells--benign or malignant germ cells--that give rise to a wide spectrum of mature or immature tissues that are foreign to the location in which they arise and which demonstrate varying amounts of organ formation.
  • Myelolipoma, a benign tumor composed of mature fat and interspersed hematopoietic elements that resemble bone marrow, typically originate in an otherwise normal adrenal gland.
  • Angiomyolipoma is composed of varying admixtures of blood vessels, smooth muscle cells, and adipose tissue; any one or two of these elements may predominate.
  • [MeSH-major] Intra-Abdominal Fat / pathology. Intra-Abdominal Fat / radiography. Lipomatosis / diagnosis. Lipomatosis / pathology. Neoplasms, Adipose Tissue / diagnosis. Neoplasms, Adipose Tissue / pathology. Retroperitoneal Neoplasms / diagnosis. Retroperitoneal Neoplasms / pathology

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  • (PMID = 19168848.001).
  • [ISSN] 1527-1323
  • [Journal-full-title] Radiographics : a review publication of the Radiological Society of North America, Inc
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Radiographics
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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3. Changizi V, Oghabian MA, Speller R, Sarkar S, Kheradmand AA: Application of small angle X-ray scattering (SAXS) for differentiation between normal and cancerous breast tissue. Int J Med Sci; 2005;2(3):118-21
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  • [Title] Application of small angle X-ray scattering (SAXS) for differentiation between normal and cancerous breast tissue.
  • These interferences carry information about the molecular structure of the tissue and hence can be used to identify changes that occur due to cancer.
  • The optimum scattering angle, determined from a series of measurements on adipose breast tissue at several angles from 4 to 7.3 degrees, was found to be 6.5 degrees.
  • Once optimized the system was used to measure the diffraction profiles (corrected scattered intensity versus momentum transfer) of a total of 99 breast tissue samples.
  • The samples were both normal and tumour samples.
  • RESULTS: Adipose tissue showed a sharp, high intensity peak at low momentum transfer values of approximately 1.1nm-1.
  • Adipose tissue, mixed tissue (adipose & fibroglandular) and tumor have peaks at different values of momentum transfer that can be used to identify the tissue.
  • Benign and malignant breast tissues can also be differentiated by both peak positions and peak heights.
  • It was also observed that the results were reproducible even after the tissue had been preserved at liquid nitrogen temperatures.
  • CONCLUSION: We were able to differentiate between normal, benign and malignant breast tissues by using energy dispersive small angle x-ray scattering.

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  • (PMID = 16007264.001).
  • [ISSN] 1449-1907
  • [Journal-full-title] International journal of medical sciences
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Int J Med Sci
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Australia
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC1168877
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4. McQueen C, Montgomery E, Dufour B, Olney MS, Illei PB: Giant hypopharyngeal atypical lipomatous tumor. Adv Anat Pathol; 2010 Jan;17(1):38-41
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Giant hypopharyngeal atypical lipomatous tumor.
  • Microscopically, they display an admixture of fibrovascular and adipose tissue that is coated by unremarkable squamous mucosa.
  • Here, we report a case that had scattered hyperchromatic cells and lipoblasts within the adipose tissue component.
  • In other anatomic sites similar appearing lesions have been interpreted as pedunculated liposarcomas/atypical lipomatous tumors that are more prone to local recurrences than classic giant fibrovascular polyps.
  • To confirm our suspicion of liposarcomatous differentiation, we performed immunohistochemistry for MDM2 and p53, 2 markers that are known to be negative in benign lipomatous lesions and positive in well-differentiated liposarcomas/atypical lipomatous tumors.
  • The scattered atypical hyperchromatic cells and the lipoblasts both exhibited strong nuclear staining for both markers and supported the diagnosis of pedunculated giant hypopharyngeal atypical lipomatous tumor.
  • [MeSH-minor] Humans. Immunohistochemistry. Male. Middle Aged. Polyps / diagnosis. Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-mdm2 / metabolism. Tumor Suppressor Protein p53 / metabolism

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  • (PMID = 20032637.001).
  • [ISSN] 1533-4031
  • [Journal-full-title] Advances in anatomic pathology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Adv Anat Pathol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Tumor Suppressor Protein p53; EC 6.3.2.19 / MDM2 protein, human; EC 6.3.2.19 / Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-mdm2
  • [Number-of-references] 51
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5. Aust MC, Spies M, Kall S, Jokuszies A, Gohritz A, Vogt P: Posttraumatic lipoma: fact or fiction? Skinmed; 2007 Nov-Dec;6(6):266-70
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • Lipomas are usually benign adipose tumors with as-yet unexplained pathogenesis and etiology.
  • A link between soft tissue trauma and the formation of lipomas has been described, with the latter being named posttraumatic lipomas.
  • The average time between soft tissue trauma and lipoma formation was 2.6 years (range, 0.5-6.0 years).
  • Pathology demonstrated capsulated and noncapsulated benign adipose tumors in 23 cases.
  • CONCLUSIONS: The pathogenetic link between soft tissue trauma and the formation of posttraumatic lipomas is still controversially discussed.
  • There are 2 potential explanations to correlate soft tissue trauma and adipose tissue tumor growth.
  • The first is the formation of so-called posttraumatic pseudolipomas by prolapsing adipose tissue through fascia resulting from direct impact.
  • A second possibility points toward lipoma formation as a result of preadipocyte differentiation and proliferation mediated by cytokine release following soft tissue trauma and hematoma formation.
  • [MeSH-major] Adipose Tissue / injuries. Lipoma / etiology. Neoplasms, Adipose Tissue / etiology. Wounds, Nonpenetrating / complications

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  • (PMID = 17975353.001).
  • [ISSN] 1540-9740
  • [Journal-full-title] Skinmed
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Skinmed
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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6. Italiano A, Chambonniere ML, Attias R, Chibon F, Coindre JM, Pedeutour F: Monosomy 7 and absence of 12q amplification in two cases of spindle cell liposarcomas. Cancer Genet Cytogenet; 2008 Jul 15;184(2):99-104
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • Spindle cell liposarcoma (SCL) is a rare malignant adipose tissue tumor presently regarded as a variant of well-differentiated liposarcoma (WDLPS).
  • Monosomy 7 is not usual in adipose tissue tumors.
  • It has been described in myelodysplastic syndromes and acute myeloid or lymphoblastic leukemias, as well as in several benign or malignant solid tumors.
  • Our data suggest that the loss of material from chromosome 7 might play a crucial role in the pathogenesis of some SCL probably through the inactivation of tumor suppressor genes located on chromosome 7.
  • [MeSH-major] Carcinoma / genetics. Chromosomes, Human, Pair 12. Chromosomes, Human, Pair 7. Gene Amplification. Liposarcoma / genetics. Monosomy / diagnosis

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  • (PMID = 18617058.001).
  • [ISSN] 1873-4456
  • [Journal-full-title] Cancer genetics and cytogenetics
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Cancer Genet. Cytogenet.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] United States
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7. Koplin SA, Twohig MH, Lund DP, Hafez GR: Omental lipoblastoma. Pathol Res Pract; 2008;204(4):277-81
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  • This unusual tumor is only the eighth reported omental lipoblastoma [J. Hicks, A. Dilley, D. Patel, J.
  • Goldblum, Enzinger and Weiss's Soft Tissue Tumors, fourth ed., Mosby, St. Louis, MO, 2001, pp.
  • Lakhoo, Omental lipoblastoma in a child; diagnosis based in CT density measurements. J. Pediatr. Hematol. Oncol.
  • Alvarenga, Sonographic features of benign intraperitoneal lipomatous tumors in children-report of 4 cases. Pediatr. Radiol.
  • [MeSH-major] Neoplasms, Adipose Tissue / pathology. Omentum / pathology. Peritoneal Neoplasms / pathology
  • [MeSH-minor] Chromosomes, Human, Pair 14. Chromosomes, Human, Pair 8. Diagnosis, Differential. Gene Expression Regulation, Neoplastic. Humans. Infant. Karyotyping. Liposarcoma, Myxoid / pathology. Male. Tomography, X-Ray Computed. Treatment Outcome

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  • (PMID = 18276084.001).
  • [ISSN] 0344-0338
  • [Journal-full-title] Pathology, research and practice
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Pathol. Res. Pract.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Germany
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8. Jung SN, Yim Y, Kwon H: Symmetric lipofibromatous hamartoma affecting digital nerves. Yonsei Med J; 2005 Feb 28;46(1):169-72
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • Lipofibromatous hamartoma of the nerve is a benign tumor, which affects the major nerves and their branches in the human body.
  • This tumor is often found in young adults and may go through a self- limiting course.
  • However, operation is indicated when the tumor size is large or when the associated nerve compressive symptoms are present.
  • With the aid of a microscope, we dissected and removed the tumor as much as possible without sacrificing the nerve.
  • [MeSH-minor] Adipose Tissue / pathology. Adult. Female. Humans

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  • (PMID = 15744823.001).
  • [ISSN] 0513-5796
  • [Journal-full-title] Yonsei medical journal
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Yonsei Med. J.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] Korea (South)
  • [Number-of-references] 11
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC2823046
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9. Suzuki T, Ueda Y, Shincho M, Mitsui Y, Higuchi Y, Maruyama T, Kondoh N, Nojima M, Yamamoto S, Hirota S, Shima H: [Myolipoma arising from the renal capsule: a case report]. Hinyokika Kiyo; 2008 May;54(5):349-52
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • Computed tomorraphy and magnetic resonance imaging showed that the tumor was mixed with muscle and fat tissue, faintly enhanced, and located at the lower portion of the left kidney.
  • Although renal angiomyolipoma (AML) was suspected from these findings, we could not rule out a malignant tumor.
  • Histopathological examination revealed the tumor composed of smooth muscle and mature adipose tissue without cytological atypia arising from the renal capsule.
  • The tumor contained no AML-like blood vessels, and was negative for HMB-45 staining.
  • The final diagnosis was myolipoma arising from the renal capsule.
  • Myolipoma is a rare benign neoplasm in the soft tissue of retroperitoneum and abdominal cavity.
  • Since it is difficult to distinguish myolipoma from other benign and malignant tumors with fat tissue only by imaging studies, a surgical approach should be considered.
  • [MeSH-major] Kidney Neoplasms / diagnosis. Lipoma / diagnosis

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  • (PMID = 18546859.001).
  • [ISSN] 0018-1994
  • [Journal-full-title] Hinyokika kiyo. Acta urologica Japonica
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Hinyokika Kiyo
  • [Language] jpn
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Japan
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10. Cha JM, Lee JI, Joo KR, Choe JW, Jung SW, Shin HP, Kim HC, Lee SH, Lim SJ: Giant mesenteric lipoma as an unusual cause of abdominal pain: a case report and a review of the literature. J Korean Med Sci; 2009 Apr;24(2):333-6
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • The resected ileal segment was encased by a giant fatty tissue, and normal mucosal fold patterns of the resected ileum were effaced by the mass.
  • Microscopically, the mass was characterized by homogenous mature adipose tissue without cellular atypia, which was compatible with the diagnosis of a mesenteric lipoma.
  • Despite the benign nature of this tumor, total excision with or without the affected intestinal loop should be considered if intestinal symptoms such as abdominal pain are present.
  • [MeSH-major] Abdominal Pain / etiology. Lipoma / diagnosis. Mesentery. Peritoneal Neoplasms / diagnosis
  • [MeSH-minor] Adipose Tissue / pathology. Adult. Diagnosis, Differential. Female. Humans. Ileal Diseases / etiology. Laparoscopy. Tomography, X-Ray Computed

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  • (PMID = 19399281.001).
  • [ISSN] 1598-6357
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of Korean medical science
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Korean Med. Sci.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] Korea (South)
  • [Number-of-references] 23
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC2672139
  • [Keywords] NOTNLM ; Abdominal Pain / Computed Tomography / Laparoscopy / Lipoma / Mesentery
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11. Hancke K, Grubeck D, Hauser N, Kreienberg R, Weiss JM: Adipocyte fatty acid-binding protein as a novel prognostic factor in obese breast cancer patients. Breast Cancer Res Treat; 2010 Jan;119(2):367-7
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • Adiopcyte fatty acid binding-protein(A-FABP) is another protein found in adipose tissue;therefore, we investigated the association of A-FABP with the occurrence and prognosis of breast cancer.
  • In our study,200 women attending the University of Ulm for breast surgery between the years 2005 and 2007 were included;159 had histologically confirmed breast cancer; 41 had histologically confirmed benign lesions.
  • Serum levels ofA-FABP, leptin, and adiponectin were measured, and their relationship to body-mass-index (BMI), breast cancer, and tumor characteristics were analyzed; logistic regression model was adjusted to age, BMI, menopausal status, use of Hormone Replacement Therapy (HRT), and family history of breast cancer.
  • Concerning tumor characteristics,A-FABP was positively connected with tumor size (T C 2 cm, P.05) and nodal-status (P.05).Our study reveals that high A-FABP serum levels are associated with obesity, breast cancer risk, and adverse tumor characteristics.
  • [MeSH-major] Biomarkers, Tumor / blood. Breast Neoplasms / etiology. Fatty Acid-Binding Proteins / blood. Obesity / complications
  • [MeSH-minor] Adiponectin / blood. Adult. Aged. Body Mass Index. Case-Control Studies. Female. Humans. Leptin / blood. Logistic Models. Middle Aged. Neoplasm Staging. Odds Ratio. Postmenopause. Predictive Value of Tests. Premenopause. Risk Assessment. Risk Factors. Treatment Outcome. Up-Regulation

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  • (PMID = 19842034.001).
  • [ISSN] 1573-7217
  • [Journal-full-title] Breast cancer research and treatment
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Breast Cancer Res. Treat.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Netherlands
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / ADIPOQ protein, human; 0 / Adiponectin; 0 / Biomarkers, Tumor; 0 / FABP4 protein, human; 0 / Fatty Acid-Binding Proteins; 0 / Leptin
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12. Kim HK, Choi YH, Cho YH, Sohn YS, Kim HJ: Intercostal neuralgia caused by a parosteal lipoma of the rib. Ann Thorac Surg; 2006 May;81(5):1901-3
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • Parosteal lipoma is an extremely rare benign tumor that is composed mainly of mature adipose tissue, and it has an intimate relationship to the underlying periosteal bone.
  • Although parosteal lipoma is asymptomatic, motor and sensory function deficits have been reported that were caused by the tumor compressing the neuromuscular bundles in the proximal forearm and the sciatic nerve.
  • [MeSH-minor] Adipose Tissue / pathology. Female. Humans. Middle Aged. Neuralgia / etiology. Tomography, X-Ray Computed

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  • (PMID = 16631705.001).
  • [ISSN] 1552-6259
  • [Journal-full-title] The Annals of thoracic surgery
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Ann. Thorac. Surg.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Netherlands
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13. Ito R, Fujiwara M, Takagaki K, Nagasako R: Chondrolipoma of the toe. J Dermatol; 2007 Aug;34(8):570-2
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  • Chondrolipoma is a rare benign mesenchymoma composed of mature cartilage and adipose tissue.
  • On histological examination, the tumor contained both mature fat cells and chondrocytes.
  • [MeSH-major] Foot Diseases / diagnosis. Mesenchymoma / diagnosis. Soft Tissue Neoplasms / diagnosis
  • [MeSH-minor] Adipose Tissue / pathology. Aged. Cartilage / pathology. Humans. Magnetic Resonance Imaging. Male. S100 Proteins / analysis. Toes / pathology. Toes / radiography

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  • (PMID = 17683390.001).
  • [ISSN] 0385-2407
  • [Journal-full-title] The Journal of dermatology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Dermatol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Japan
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / S100 Proteins
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14. Prud'homme A, Rousselot C, de Pinieux G, Voche P, Rosset P: [Hemosiderotic fibrohistiocytic lipomatous lesion: a new entity you must remind]. Ann Chir Plast Esthet; 2007 Dec;52(6):616-20
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  • [Title] [Hemosiderotic fibrohistiocytic lipomatous lesion: a new entity you must remind].
  • Fatty tissues lesions are the most frequent of both benign (lipoma) and malignant tumor (liposarcoma) of soft tissues in the adult.
  • We here describe the case of female patient having a fatty tissue mass of the ankle corresponding to an hemosiderotic fibrohistiocytic lipomatous lesion (HFHLL).
  • This very rare tumour of recent description is specific of the ankle/foot area of the middle age women.
  • These lesions are always benign and frequently recur following incomplete resection.
  • This tumor may have invasive local growth and metastases have not been described so far.
  • We discuss the main differentials diagnosis and treatment.
  • [MeSH-major] Hemosiderosis / complications. Histiocytic Disorders, Malignant / complications. Histiocytic Disorders, Malignant / pathology. Leiomyoma / complications. Leiomyoma / pathology. Lipoma / complications. Lipoma / pathology. Neoplasms, Adipose Tissue / complications. Neoplasms, Adipose Tissue / pathology

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  • (PMID = 17316948.001).
  • [ISSN] 0294-1260
  • [Journal-full-title] Annales de chirurgie plastique et esthétique
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Ann Chir Plast Esthet
  • [Language] fre
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] France
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15. Lin MS, Hung YS, Wu HH, Kuo MC, Shiu TF, Chuang CK, Shih LY, Chu PH: Polycythemia vera as a presentation of renal angiomyolipoma: a case report. J Med Case Rep; 2009;3:90
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  • INTRODUCTION: Angiomyolipoma is a common benign renal tumor composed of thick-walled blood vessels, smooth muscle, and adipose tissue.
  • The report discusses the differential diagnosis using erythropoietin, erythropoietin-receptor and Janus kinase 2.
  • Surgical intervention for this renal tumor should be avoided unless malignancy or renal cell carcinoma is suspected or to prevent spontaneous rupture of larger tumors.

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  • [Cites] Hematology. 2007 Apr;12(2):123-30 [17454193.001]
  • [Cites] Int J Urol. 2006 Sep;13(9):1236-9 [16984560.001]
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  • [Cites] Tunis Med. 2003 Jan;81(1):1-4 [12708184.001]
  • (PMID = 19946506.001).
  • [ISSN] 1752-1947
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of medical case reports
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Med Case Rep
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC2783089
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16. Amin SA, Huang CC, Reierstad S, Lin Z, Arbieva Z, Wiley E, Saborian H, Haynes B, Cotterill H, Dowsett M, Bulun SE: Paracrine-stimulated gene expression profile favors estradiol production in breast tumors. Mol Cell Endocrinol; 2006 Jul 11;253(1-2):44-55
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  • Paracrine interactions between adipose fibroblasts and malignant epithelial cells are essential for structural and hormonal support of breast tumors.
  • Here, we characterized the gene expression profile of breast adipose fibroblasts in an in vitro model of malignancy to identify other paracrine interactions that support tumor growth.
  • Primary breast adipose fibroblasts from cancer-free women were treated with conditioned media from malignant breast epithelial cells or normal breast epithelial cells, and differences in gene expression were identified by microarray.
  • Immunoreactive AKR1C3 was detected in epithelial and stromal components of benign lesions and ductal carcinomas in situ, and in 59.8% of epithelial and 69.6% of stromal cells in invasive breast carcinomas.
  • AKR1C3 expression was significantly higher in myoepithelial cells surrounding the neoplastic epithelium of ductal carcinoma in situ compared with those surrounding benign epithelial lesions.
  • Malignant epithelial cell-conditioned medium significantly increased formation of testosterone and estradiol from androstenedione in breast adipose fibroblasts.
  • [MeSH-minor] 3-Hydroxysteroid Dehydrogenases / genetics. 3-Hydroxysteroid Dehydrogenases / metabolism. Adipose Tissue / cytology. Adolescent. Adult. Aromatase / genetics. Aromatase / metabolism. Cell Line, Tumor. Cells, Cultured. Culture Media, Conditioned / pharmacology. Female. Humans. Hydroxyprostaglandin Dehydrogenases / genetics. Hydroxyprostaglandin Dehydrogenases / metabolism. Immunohistochemistry. Middle Aged. Polymerase Chain Reaction. RNA, Messenger / biosynthesis

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  • (PMID = 16735089.001).
  • [ISSN] 0303-7207
  • [Journal-full-title] Molecular and cellular endocrinology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Mol. Cell. Endocrinol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Grant] United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / CA67167
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] Ireland
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Culture Media, Conditioned; 0 / RNA, Messenger; 4TI98Z838E / Estradiol; EC 1.1.- / 3-Hydroxysteroid Dehydrogenases; EC 1.1.1.- / AKR1C3 protein, human; EC 1.1.1.- / Hydroxyprostaglandin Dehydrogenases; EC 1.14.14.1 / Aromatase
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17. Cymet-Ramírez J, Martínez-Flores LM, Villalobos Garduño FE: [Lipoblastoma. A case report]. Acta Ortop Mex; 2007 May-Jun;21(3):151-3
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  • Lipoblastoma is an rare benign tumors of infancy of fetal adipose tissue, that usually affect infants and children less than 3 years of age.
  • The tumor was completely excised surgically.
  • The clinical diagnosis of lipoblastoma was confirmed pathologically.
  • This experience is illustrative for the orthopaedic surgeon, because it shows the importance to performe a complete clinical examination in all patients, to avoid the omission in the diagnosis of this pathology.
  • [MeSH-major] Knee. Lipoma / diagnosis. Soft Tissue Neoplasms / diagnosis
  • [MeSH-minor] Child, Preschool. Humans. Incidental Findings. Magnetic Resonance Imaging. Male. Muscle, Skeletal / pathology. Neoplasm Invasiveness

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  • (PMID = 17937179.001).
  • [ISSN] 2306-4102
  • [Journal-full-title] Acta ortopédica mexicana
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Acta Ortop Mex
  • [Language] spa
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Mexico
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18. Ali TZ, Epstein JI: Basal cell carcinoma of the prostate: a clinicopathologic study of 29 cases. Am J Surg Pathol; 2007 May;31(5):697-705
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  • The most common methods of diagnosis was transurethral resection (TURP) (n=29) and needle biopsy (n=9).
  • Infiltration around benign glands was seen in 10 (36%) cases, with predominantly small nests and AC-P.
  • An additional 11 cases showed extraprostatic extension on TURP with bladder neck invasion (n=10) or periprostatic adipose tissue invasion (n=1).
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Aged. Aged, 80 and over. Biomarkers, Tumor / analysis. Biopsy, Needle. Combined Modality Therapy. Humans. Male. Middle Aged. Mitosis. Neoplasm Recurrence, Local. Retrospective Studies. Transurethral Resection of Prostate

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  • (PMID = 17460452.001).
  • [ISSN] 0147-5185
  • [Journal-full-title] The American journal of surgical pathology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Am. J. Surg. Pathol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Biomarkers, Tumor
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19. de Moraes M, de Matos FR, de Carvalho CP, de Medeiros AM, de Souza LB: Sialolipoma in minor salivary gland: case report and review of the literature. Head Neck Pathol; 2010 Sep;4(3):249-52
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  • Sialolipoma is a rare benign neoplasm characterized by a well-circumscribed mass composed of neoplastic mature adipose tissue and non-neoplastic salivary gland elements.
  • Microscopically, the tumor was well-circumscribed consisting of lobular proliferation of the lipomatous tissue with thin fibrous tissue septa containing clustered salivary gland elements.
  • Both the glandular and adipose components were found in almost equal proportion.
  • No atypia in the adipose tissue was observed.
  • The definitive diagnosis was sialolipoma.
  • The age distribution was from 27 to 84 years (mean, 61.6 years) and the tumor size ranged from 0.9 to 4 cm (mean, 1.7 cm).

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  • [Cites] Histopathology. 2001 Jan;38(1):30-6 [11135044.001]
  • [Cites] Ann Diagn Pathol. 2001 Aug;5(4):207-15 [11510003.001]
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  • [Cites] Eur Arch Otorhinolaryngol. 2010 Mar;267(3):459-65 [19562364.001]
  • [Cites] J Oral Pathol Med. 2006 Jul;35(6):376-8 [16762019.001]
  • (PMID = 20563675.001).
  • [ISSN] 1936-0568
  • [Journal-full-title] Head and neck pathology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Head Neck Pathol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC2923305
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20. Mineo JF, P-Ruchoux MM, Pasquier D, Rigolle H, Assaker R: [Primitive malignant melanoma arising in a spinal nerve root. A case report]. Neurochirurgie; 2006 Jun;52(2-3 Pt 1):133-7
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  • The T1-weighted MRI images showed a tumor hyperintensity, the T2-weighted images showed tumor isointensity and mild contrast enhancement.
  • Due to the scalloping of L3/L4 foramen with root enlargement and slow evolution (more than one year between the first symptom and surgery without clinical worsening), the initial preoperative diagnosis was L3 schwannoma.
  • The tumor was composed of irregular melanocytoid cells with high proliferation index (20%).
  • So, the final diagnosis was intradural primitive malignant melanoma.
  • Radiotherapy was performed on the site of the tumor.
  • The most common tumor with root enlargement and bony scalloping is the benign schwannoma.
  • Despite the above described radiological features, MRI characteristics (hyperintensity when images are T1-weighted) suggest a melanocytic tumor, a tumor with a high adipose component or an intratumoral bleeding.
  • Specific MRI sequences can eliminate adipose tissue tumor, but diagnosis between melanin and methemoglobin is still difficult.
  • According to the index of proliferation, a primitive central melanocytic lesion can be a meningeal melanocytoma (considered as benign) or a primitive malignant melanoma.
  • The histological features of malignant lesion with benign clinical features lead to interrogation upon the actual pathologic classification.
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Antigens, Neoplasm. Cell Proliferation. Fatal Outcome. Female. Humans. Immunohistochemistry. Lung Neoplasms / secondary. Magnetic Resonance Imaging. Melanins / metabolism. Melanoma-Specific Antigens. Neoplasm Proteins / metabolism. Neurologic Examination. S100 Proteins / metabolism

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  • (PMID = 16840974.001).
  • [ISSN] 0028-3770
  • [Journal-full-title] Neuro-Chirurgie
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Neurochirurgie
  • [Language] fre
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] France
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Antigens, Neoplasm; 0 / Melanins; 0 / Melanoma-Specific Antigens; 0 / Neoplasm Proteins; 0 / S100 Proteins
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21. Chahwala Q, Siddaraju N, Singh N, Goneppanavar M, Basu D: Fine needle aspiration cytology of oncocytic lipoadenoma of the parotid gland: report of a rare case. Acta Cytol; 2009 Jul-Aug;53(4):437-9
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • BACKGROUND: Oncocytic lipoadenoma is an uncommon benign salivary gland tumor.
  • CASE: A 50-year-old woman presented with a slow-growing swelling in the left parotid region that was clinically interpreted as a soft tissue tumor, with a differential of neurofibroma/lipoma.
  • The adipose tissue background of the cytologic smears was ignored as material derived from the normal fat tissue; based on the oncocytic population of cells, a diagnosis of oncocytoma was considered.
  • However, histopathologic examination showed it to be an oncocytic lipoadenoma, a tumor we were unaware of at the time of cytodiagnosis.
  • The clinicocytopathologic correlation highlighted in our case will be useful for cytopathologists in preoperative interpretation and diagnosis.

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  • (PMID = 19697732.001).
  • [ISSN] 0001-5547
  • [Journal-full-title] Acta cytologica
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Acta Cytol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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22. Previgliano CH, Sangster GP, Simoncini AA, Carbó AI, González E, Li B, D'Agostino H: Parosteal lipoma of the rib: a benign condition that mimics malignancy. J La State Med Soc; 2010 Jan-Feb;162(1):40-3
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  • [Title] Parosteal lipoma of the rib: a benign condition that mimics malignancy.
  • They are composed of adipose tissue adjacent to the bone cortex and elicit bony reactive changes.
  • Albeit a benign condition, PL imaging findings may be misinterpreted as a malignant lesion.
  • Lipomas are benign tumors consisting of mature fat cells.
  • They are the most common mesenchymal neoplasias and account for 50% of all soft tissue tumors.
  • Musculoskeletal lipomatous lesions may be located in bones, soft tissues, and may also affect joint and tendon sheaths.
  • PL is a rare benign deep fatty-tissue tumor that arises contiguous to the periosteum without originating from it.
  • [MeSH-minor] Biopsy. Diagnosis, Differential. Humans. Magnetic Resonance Imaging. Male. Middle Aged

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  • (PMID = 20336957.001).
  • [ISSN] 0024-6921
  • [Journal-full-title] The Journal of the Louisiana State Medical Society : official organ of the Louisiana State Medical Society
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J La State Med Soc
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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23. Arzanian MT, Khaleghnejad-Tabari A, Shamsian BS, Jadali F, Gharib A, Esfahani H: Generalized myelolipoma. Arch Iran Med; 2006 Jul;9(3):274-6
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  • Myelolipoma is a benign tumor originating from hematopoietic and adipose tissue.
  • This tumor usually develops in the adrenal gland, but rare presentations of extraadrenal myelolipoma are also reported, which usually arise from the presacral region.
  • [MeSH-major] Abdominal Neoplasms / diagnosis. Adrenal Gland Neoplasms / diagnosis. Myelolipoma / diagnosis. Orbital Neoplasms / diagnosis. Thoracic Neoplasms / diagnosis
  • [MeSH-minor] Child. Diagnosis, Differential. Female. Follow-Up Studies. Humans. Magnetic Resonance Imaging. Tomography, X-Ray Computed

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  • (PMID = 16859067.001).
  • [ISSN] 1029-2977
  • [Journal-full-title] Archives of Iranian medicine
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Arch Iran Med
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Iran
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24. Schmack I, Patel RM, Folpe AL, Wojno T, Zaldivar RA, Balzer B, Kang SJ, Weiss SW, Grossniklaus HE: Subconjunctival herniated orbital fat: A benign adipocytic lesion that may mimic pleomorphic lipoma and atypical lipomatous tumor. Am J Surg Pathol; 2007 Feb;31(2):193-8
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Subconjunctival herniated orbital fat: A benign adipocytic lesion that may mimic pleomorphic lipoma and atypical lipomatous tumor.
  • Over the past several years, we have seen a number of cases in which this prolapsed fat was confused pathologically with a neoplasm of adipocytic lineage, specifically pleomorphic lipoma and atypical lipomatous neoplasm (well-differentiated liposarcoma).
  • We conclude that subconjunctival herniated orbital fat commonly contains multinucleated floretlike giant cells, fibrous septae, and Lochkern cells, features that may result in diagnostic confusion with pleomorphic lipoma and atypical lipomatous neoplasms.
  • Importantly, specific diagnostic features, such as aggregates of bland spindled cells associated with wiry collagen, as seen in pleomorphic lipoma, and enlarged hyperchromatic cells within fibrous septae, as in atypical lipomatous neoplasms, are entirely absent in herniated orbital fat.
  • [MeSH-major] Adipose Tissue / pathology. Conjunctiva / pathology. Conjunctival Diseases / pathology. Eye Neoplasms / diagnosis. Lipoma / diagnosis. Liposarcoma / diagnosis. Orbit / pathology
  • [MeSH-minor] Adipocytes / metabolism. Adipocytes / pathology. Adult. Aged. Aged, 80 and over. Biomarkers / metabolism. Diagnosis, Differential. Female. Humans. Male. Middle Aged. Prolapse. Tomography, X-Ray Computed

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  • (PMID = 17255763.001).
  • [ISSN] 0147-5185
  • [Journal-full-title] The American journal of surgical pathology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Am. J. Surg. Pathol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Grant] United States / NEI NIH HHS / EY / P30-EY06360
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Biomarkers
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25. Ramírez GA, Spattini G, Altimira J, García B, Vilafranca M: Clinical and histopathological features of a thymolipoma in a dog. J Vet Diagn Invest; 2008 May;20(3):360-4
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • This study presents a case of a canine thymolipoma, which is a rare, slow-growing, benign tumor of the thymus composed of mature adipose tissue and thymic tissue.
  • Microscopically, the mass was composed of adipose tissue with numerous cords and nests of thymic tissue without corticomedullary arrangement.
  • To the authors' knowledge, this is the first description of this uncommon neoplasm in a dog.
  • [MeSH-major] Dog Diseases / diagnosis. Lipoma / veterinary. Thymus Neoplasms / veterinary

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  • (PMID = 18460628.001).
  • [ISSN] 1040-6387
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of veterinary diagnostic investigation : official publication of the American Association of Veterinary Laboratory Diagnosticians, Inc
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Vet. Diagn. Invest.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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26. Fernández-Sueiro JL, Pinto JA, Blanco FJ, Freire M, Veiga JA, Galdo F, González-Gay MA: Multiple parosteal lipoma associated to polyarthritis. Joint Bone Spine; 2006 Mar;73(2):202-4
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • Parosteal lipoma is a benign adipose tissue tumor situated directly in the bone cortex.
  • We describe a patient who presented with polyarthritis associated with multiple parosteal lipomatous involvement.
  • A tissue sample from the distal portion of the forearm confirmed the presence of cumulative fat tissue with nodes of esteatonecrosis.
  • [MeSH-minor] Adipose Tissue / pathology. Anti-Inflammatory Agents, Non-Steroidal / therapeutic use. Drug Therapy, Combination. Humans. Magnetic Resonance Imaging. Male. Middle Aged. Prednisone / therapeutic use. Tomography, X-Ray Computed. Wrist / pathology. Wrist / radiography

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  • (PMID = 16226479.001).
  • [ISSN] 1297-319X
  • [Journal-full-title] Joint, bone, spine : revue du rhumatisme
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Joint Bone Spine
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] France
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Anti-Inflammatory Agents, Non-Steroidal; VB0R961HZT / Prednisone
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27. Wimmer M, Conrad EU, Eary JF: Hibernoma in the Thigh Mimicking Soft Tissue Sarcoma on FDG-PET. Radiol Case Rep; 2008;3(3):196
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  • [Title] Hibernoma in the Thigh Mimicking Soft Tissue Sarcoma on FDG-PET.
  • Hibernoma, a tumor of benign brown adipose tissue can present as a large mass that can mimic a sarcoma.
  • The FDG-PET uptake was highly avid, suggesting a preliminary diagnosis of an intermediate to high grade tumor.
  • However, brown fat is highly metabolically active, and therefore high levels of FDG uptake can be misleading for tumor characterization in treatment planning, as it was in this case.

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  • (PMID = 27303545.001).
  • [ISSN] 1930-0433
  • [Journal-full-title] Radiology case reports
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Radiol Case Rep
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Netherlands
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC4897017
  • [Keywords] NOTNLM ; CT, computed tomography / MRI, magnetic resonance imaging / SUV, standard uptake value
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28. Yamaguchi T, Takimoto T, Yamashita T, Kitahara S, Omura M, Ueda Y: Fat-containing variant of solitary fibrous tumor (lipomatous hemangiopericytoma) arising on surface of kidney. Urology; 2005 Jan;65(1):175
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  • [Title] Fat-containing variant of solitary fibrous tumor (lipomatous hemangiopericytoma) arising on surface of kidney.
  • Fat-containing variant of a solitary fibrous tumor is a recently recognized benign soft-tissue tumor that usually affects the thigh and retroperitoneum.
  • We report a 51-year-old woman with a fat-containing variant of a solitary fibrous tumor that is the first reported case involving a visceral organ.
  • The tumor was well delineated and seemed to arise from the renal capsule, radiographically and macroscopically.
  • The tumor microscopically mimicked a solitary fibrous tumor but exhibited focal aggregates of fat cells.
  • A fat-containing variant of a solitary fibrous tumor involving the kidney should be distinguished from spindle cell carcinoma, angiomyolipoma, gastrointestinal stromal tumor, and cellular schwannoma.
  • [MeSH-major] Adipose Tissue / pathology. Hemangiopericytoma / pathology. Kidney Neoplasms / pathology
  • [MeSH-minor] Biomarkers, Tumor / analysis. Carcinoma, Renal Cell / diagnosis. Diagnosis, Differential. Female. Humans. Middle Aged. Nephrectomy. Tomography, X-Ray Computed

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  • (PMID = 15667897.001).
  • [ISSN] 1527-9995
  • [Journal-full-title] Urology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Urology
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Biomarkers, Tumor
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29. Gheith S, Boulay R, Cornfield D: Small lymphocytic lymphoma/chronic lymphocytic leukemia in a pelvic myelolipoma. Int J Clin Exp Pathol; 2009;2(1):95-8
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  • Myelolipoma is a rare benign tumor composed of mature adipose tissue and normal hematopoietic elements.
  • The likeliest scenario is that an unusual benign tumor (myelolipoma) was colonized by a relatively common systemic hematopoietic neoplasm SLL/CLL, producing a collision tumor.

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  • [Cites] Ann Clin Lab Sci. 2006 Spring;36(2):208-11 [16682520.001]
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  • (PMID = 18830383.001).
  • [ISSN] 1936-2625
  • [Journal-full-title] International journal of clinical and experimental pathology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Int J Clin Exp Pathol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Keywords] NOTNLM ; Extra adrenal myelolipoma / chronic lymphocytic leukemia / lymphoma / non-Hodgkin lymphoma / small lymphocytic lymphoma
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30. Bartumeus Martínez P, Ripollés González T: [Extraadrenal retroperitoneal myelolipoma]. Actas Urol Esp; 2009 Apr;33(4):439-42
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • Extraadrenal myelolipomas are rare benign tumors and differentiating them from other soft tissue tumors containing fat can be difficult.
  • Initially oriented as liposarcoma, the final diagnosis was obtained after surgery.
  • Computed tomography (CT), ultrasound (US) and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) features may vary according to the major component of the tumor.
  • MRI with fat suppression and opposed-phase imaging are the best imaging tools to demonstrate the adipose tissue.

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  • (PMID = 19579898.001).
  • [ISSN] 0210-4806
  • [Journal-full-title] Actas urologicas españolas
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Actas Urol Esp
  • [Language] spa
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Spain
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31. Lee KR, Seo TJ, Cho JH, Kim HI, Hur YH, Cho SB, Lee WS, Joo YE: [A case of large retroperitoneal lipoma mimicking liposarcoma]. Korean J Gastroenterol; 2010 Jun;55(6):394-8
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  • Lipomas are the most common benign tumors of adipose tissue among adults.
  • Laparotomy showed a large encapsulating tumor arising from retroperitoneum with fat necrosis.
  • [MeSH-major] Lipoma / diagnosis. Retroperitoneal Neoplasms / diagnosis
  • [MeSH-minor] Fluorodeoxyglucose F18. Humans. Liposarcoma / diagnosis. Male. Middle Aged. Positron-Emission Tomography. Tomography, X-Ray Computed

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  • (PMID = 20571308.001).
  • [ISSN] 1598-9992
  • [Journal-full-title] The Korean journal of gastroenterology = Taehan Sohwagi Hakhoe chi
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Korean J Gastroenterol
  • [Language] kor
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Korea (South)
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0Z5B2CJX4D / Fluorodeoxyglucose F18
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32. Ucak A, Inan K, Onan B, Yilmaz AT: Resection of intrapericardial hibernoma associated with constrictive pericarditis. Interact Cardiovasc Thorac Surg; 2009 Oct;9(4):717-9
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • Hibernoma is a benign soft-tissue tumor, which arises from the remnants of fetal brown adipose tissue.
  • When the tumor increases in size, this benign pathology can lead to compression of cardiac chambers and cause life-threatening complications in an asymptomatic patient.
  • The tumor was excised and diagnosed as hibernoma.

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  • (PMID = 19596706.001).
  • [ISSN] 1569-9285
  • [Journal-full-title] Interactive cardiovascular and thoracic surgery
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Interact Cardiovasc Thorac Surg
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] England
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33. Weaver J, Rao P, Goldblum JR, Joyce MJ, Turner SL, Lazar AJ, López-Terada D, Tubbs RR, Rubin BP: Can MDM2 analytical tests performed on core needle biopsy be relied upon to diagnose well-differentiated liposarcoma? Mod Pathol; 2010 Oct;23(10):1301-6
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  • Well-differentiated liposarcoma/atypical lipomatous tumor can be difficult to differentiate from benign lipomatous tumors, especially on limited biopsy material.
  • Adjunctive tests for MDM2 (murine double minute 2) have proven useful in whole-tissue sections; however, their utility has not been determined within the increasingly popular core needle biopsy.
  • Herein, we compare the ability of MDM2 immunohistochemistry and MDM2 fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) to discriminate benign lipomatous tumors from well-differentiated liposarcoma on core needle biopsies.
  • Well-differentiated liposarcoma (n=17) and an assortment of benign lipomatous tumors (n=37), which had concurrent or previous core needle biopsies, and resection specimens were subjected to both MDM2 immunohistochemistry and MDM2 FISH on both whole-tissue sections and corresponding core needle biopsy sections.
  • Percentage tumor cells positive for MDM2 by immunohistochemistry and an MDM2:CEP12 FISH ratio was calculated in each biopsy and resection specimen pair and the results were compared.
  • The average MDM2:CEP12 ratio was similar in the biopsy material compared with the whole-tissue sections in both well-differentiated liposarcoma and the benign lipomatous tumor group of neoplasms.
  • Detection of MDM2 amplification by FISH is a more sensitive and specific adjunctive test than MDM2 immunohistochemistry to differentiate well-differentiated liposarcoma from various benign lipomatous tumors, especially on limited tissue samples.
  • [MeSH-major] Biomarkers, Tumor / analysis. Biopsy, Needle. Liposarcoma / diagnosis. Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-mdm2 / biosynthesis
  • [MeSH-minor] Diagnosis, Differential. Humans. Immunohistochemistry. In Situ Hybridization, Fluorescence. Lipoma / diagnosis. Sensitivity and Specificity


34. Bougnoux P, Hajjaji N, Couet C: The lipidome as a composite biomarker of the modifiable part of the risk of breast cancer. Prostaglandins Leukot Essent Fatty Acids; 2008 Sep-Nov;79(3-5):93-6
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • In order to circumvent the limitations and/or bias of dietary exposure assessment tools, we have used the fatty acid composition of white adipose tissue as biomarker of past lipid intake.
  • We reappraised the role of the complete lipid profile through a comprehensive study of adipose tissue fatty acids obtained in patients with benign or malignant breast tumors.
  • [MeSH-major] Biomarkers, Tumor / metabolism. Breast Neoplasms / epidemiology. Fatty Acids / metabolism
  • [MeSH-minor] Adipose Tissue / chemistry. Adipose Tissue / metabolism. Animals. Diet Surveys. Female. Genetic Predisposition to Disease. Humans. Risk Factors

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  • (PMID = 18930643.001).
  • [ISSN] 0952-3278
  • [Journal-full-title] Prostaglandins, leukotrienes, and essential fatty acids
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Prostaglandins Leukot. Essent. Fatty Acids
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] Scotland
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Biomarkers, Tumor; 0 / Fatty Acids
  • [Number-of-references] 14
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35. Gurel D, Kargi A, Lebe B: Pedunculated cutaneous spindle cell/pleomorphic lipoma. J Cutan Pathol; 2010 Sep;37(9):e57-9
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • Spindle cell/pleomorphic lipoma is an infrequently seen benign adipose tissue tumor.
  • This tumor, mostly arising from the subcutaneous tissue, usually affects male patients and occurs in back, shoulders, head and neck area.
  • [MeSH-minor] Antigens, CD34 / metabolism. Biomarkers, Tumor / metabolism. Dermis / pathology. Humans. Male. Vimentin / metabolism

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  • (PMID = 19678825.001).
  • [ISSN] 1600-0560
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of cutaneous pathology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Cutan. Pathol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Denmark
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Antigens, CD34; 0 / Biomarkers, Tumor; 0 / Vimentin
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36. Gao B, Sun Y, Liu Z, Meng F, Shi B, Liu Y, Xu Z: A logistic regression model for predicting malignant pheochromocytomas. J Cancer Res Clin Oncol; 2008 Jun;134(6):631-4
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  • In all 130 cases with malignant or benign PCCs, 15 predictive variables were observed and entered in the logistic regression analysis in a backward stepwise way.
  • High cellularity had the highest odds ratio (OR), followed by spindle cell (>10% of tumor volume), atypical mitotic figure, periadrenal adipose tissue invasion, mitotic figures [>3/10 high-power field (HPF)], cellular monotony, capsular invasion, vascular invasion, and central or confluent tumor necrosis.
  • High cellularity, spindle cell (>10% of tumor volume) and atypical mitotic figure were selected to built a logistic model.
  • [MeSH-major] Adrenal Gland Neoplasms / diagnosis. Pheochromocytoma / diagnosis

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  • [Cites] Braz J Med Biol Res. 2000 Oct;33(10):1177-89 [11004718.001]
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  • (PMID = 17999082.001).
  • [ISSN] 0171-5216
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of cancer research and clinical oncology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Cancer Res. Clin. Oncol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Germany
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37. Nazeer T, Kee KH, Ro JY, Jennings TA, Ross J, Mian BM, Shen SS, Suh JH, Lee MJ, Ayala AG: Intraprostatic adipose tissue: a study of 427 whole mount radical prostatectomy specimens. Hum Pathol; 2009 Apr;40(4):538-41
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Intraprostatic adipose tissue: a study of 427 whole mount radical prostatectomy specimens.
  • Tumor Gleason grade and stage provide extremely valuable prognostic information and play an important role in therapeutic decision making and patient counseling.
  • A biopsy or radical prostatectomy specimen revealing carcinoma extending into extraprostatic tissue permits a T3 classification.
  • This is most easily recognized, particularly in a needle biopsy, when tumor is seen to invade the adipose tissue.
  • The existence of intraprostatic adipose tissue is somewhat controversial.
  • To investigate this, formalin-fixed paraffin-embedded whole-mount radical prostatectomy specimens from 427 patients with adenocarcinoma were evaluated for intraprostatic adipose tissue.
  • Intraprostatic adipose tissue was identified in 17 (3.98%) of cases.
  • In 13 cases, the fat was intimately associated with benign glands.
  • Intraprostatic adipose tissue was located in the peripheral zone in 15 cases and in the central zone in 2.
  • Intraprostatic adipose tissue, although uncommon, does exist.
  • The small size of foci of adipose tissue and its admixture with benign glands are useful morphologic clues in distinguishing it from extraprostatic fat.
  • [MeSH-major] Adenocarcinoma / pathology. Adipose Tissue / anatomy & histology. Prostatic Neoplasms / pathology

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  • [CommentIn] Hum Pathol. 2011 May;42(5):759 [21492748.001]
  • (PMID = 19121845.001).
  • [ISSN] 1532-8392
  • [Journal-full-title] Human pathology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Hum. Pathol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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38. Coffin CM, Lowichik A, Putnam A: Lipoblastoma (LPB): a clinicopathologic and immunohistochemical analysis of 59 cases. Am J Surg Pathol; 2009 Nov;33(11):1705-12
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • Lipoblastoma (LPB) is a benign neoplasm that occurs predominantly in early childhood.
  • Immunohistochemistry for S100 protein, CD34, and Mib-1 was performed on formalin-fixed, paraffin-embedded tissue using standard techniques.
  • Age at diagnosis ranged from 3 months to 16 years with 22% in the first year, 68% at 1 to 9 years, and 10% at 10 to 16 years.
  • Tumor diameter ranged from 1.2 to 15.5 cm.
  • Histologically, nodules of adipose and myxoid tissue were demarcated by bands of fibrous tissue.
  • [MeSH-major] Lipoma / pathology. Soft Tissue Neoplasms / pathology
  • [MeSH-minor] Adipocytes / chemistry. Adipocytes / pathology. Adolescent. Antigens, CD34 / analysis. Biomarkers, Tumor / analysis. Child. Child, Preschool. Chromosome Aberrations. Chromosomes, Human, Pair 8. Female. Humans. Immunohistochemistry. Infant. Male. Neoplasm Recurrence, Local. S100 Proteins / analysis


39. Zwiesler D, Lewis SR, Choo YC, Martens MG: A case report of an ovarian lipoma. South Med J; 2008 Feb;101(2):205-7
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  • CASE: A 66-year-old female underwent an exploratory laparotomy and a left ovarian tumor measuring about 7 to 8 cm was removed.
  • Microscopic examination demonstrated a pattern of proliferation of benign adipose tissue with focal areas of fibrovascular septae and no other tissue of different origin.

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  • (PMID = 18364627.001).
  • [ISSN] 1541-8243
  • [Journal-full-title] Southern medical journal
  • [ISO-abbreviation] South. Med. J.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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40. Dhanasekaran SM, Dash A, Yu J, Maine IP, Laxman B, Tomlins SA, Creighton CJ, Menon A, Rubin MA, Chinnaiyan AM: Molecular profiling of human prostate tissues: insights into gene expression patterns of prostate development during puberty. FASEB J; 2005 Feb;19(2):243-5
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • Benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) and prostate adenocarcinoma (PCA) are common diseases in adulthood that do not develop in the absence of androgens.
  • Benign prostate tissues obtained from pubertal and adult age group cadaveric organ donors were harvested and profiled using 20,000 element cDNA microarrays.
  • Promoter searches revealed the presence of androgen response elements in a cohort of genes including tumor necrosis factor-alpha induced adipose related protein, which was found to be induced by androgen.
  • [MeSH-minor] Adolescent. Adult. Androgens / physiology. Cadaver. Child. DNA, Complementary / genetics. Humans. Male. Prostatic Hyperplasia / genetics. Tissue Donors. Urinary Bladder / chemistry. Urinary Bladder / metabolism

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  • (PMID = 15548588.001).
  • [ISSN] 1530-6860
  • [Journal-full-title] FASEB journal : official publication of the Federation of American Societies for Experimental Biology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] FASEB J.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Grant] United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / P50CA69568; United States / NIA NIH HHS / AG / U01 AG22312
  • [Publication-type] Comparative Study; Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Androgens; 0 / DNA, Complementary
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41. Kazakov DV, Hes O, Hora M, Sima R, Michal M: Primary intranodal cellular angiolipoma. Int J Surg Pathol; 2005 Jan;13(1):99-101
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • Angiolipoma is a distinct, benign soft tissue tumor that most commonly occurs in young males as multiple small, subcutaneous, tender to painful nodules with predilection for the forearms.
  • Microscopically, the major portion of the lymph node was replaced by mature metaplastic adipose tissue.
  • The most recognized examples are pigmented nevi, palisading myofibroblastoma, various benign epithelial inclusions, serous cystic tumors of borderline malignancy, and hyperplastic mesothelial inclusions.
  • As we present in this report, angiolipoma is another neoplasm whose primary occurrence in the lymph node should not be misinterpreted as a metastatic tumor or malignant vascular tumor.
  • [MeSH-major] Angiolipoma / pathology. Lymph Nodes / pathology. Soft Tissue Neoplasms / pathology
  • [MeSH-minor] Adipose Tissue / pathology. Aged. Antigens, CD31 / analysis. Biomarkers, Tumor / analysis. Diagnosis, Differential. Humans. Lymphatic Metastasis / diagnosis. Male. Metaplasia / pathology

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  • (PMID = 15735863.001).
  • [ISSN] 1066-8969
  • [Journal-full-title] International journal of surgical pathology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Int. J. Surg. Pathol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Antigens, CD31; 0 / Biomarkers, Tumor
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42. Mohan Rao PS, Moorthy N, Shankarappa RK, Bhat P, Nanjappa MC: Giant mediastinal thymolipoma simulating cardiomegaly. J Cardiol; 2009 Oct;54(2):326-9
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • Thymolipomas are rare anterior mediastinal tumors composed of mature adipose tissue and benign thymic tissue and they may rarely simulate cardiomegaly on chest radiograph.
  • The tumor was successfully removed en bloc through a median sternotomy.
  • We emphasize the importance of considering mediastinal tumors as a differential diagnosis in patients with progressive dyspnea without any obvious cause and chest radiograph showing enlarged cardiac silhouette.
  • [MeSH-major] Lipoma / diagnosis. Mediastinal Neoplasms / diagnosis
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Cardiomegaly. Diagnosis, Differential. Dyspnea / etiology. Humans. Male. Radiography, Thoracic. Tomography, Spiral Computed

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  • (PMID = 19782275.001).
  • [ISSN] 1876-4738
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of cardiology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Cardiol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Japan
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43. Sachdeva MP, Goldblum JR, Rubin BP, Billings SD: Low-fat and fat-free pleomorphic lipomas: a diagnostic challenge. Am J Dermatopathol; 2009 Jul;31(5):423-6
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  • Pleomorphic lipomas are benign tumors that most commonly present as subcutaneous masses in the head and neck, shoulder, or back region of middle-aged to elderly men.
  • When little or no fat is present, the diagnosis can be challenging.
  • The seventh case was an intradermal tumor from the nose of a 48-year-old woman.
  • Referring diagnoses, when provided, included myxofibrosarcoma, giant cell fibroblastoma, and granulomatous rosacea for the tumor from the nose; none considered pleomorphic lipomas.
  • When fat is absent or present in reduced amounts, clinical context and identification of classic nonlipogenic components are essential for the diagnosis of pleomorphic lipomas.
  • [MeSH-major] Head and Neck Neoplasms / diagnosis. Lipoma / diagnosis
  • [MeSH-minor] Adipose Tissue / pathology. Adult. Aged. Antigens, CD34 / metabolism. Diagnosis, Differential. Female. Fibrosarcoma / pathology. Giant Cell Tumors / pathology. Humans. Immunohistochemistry. Male. Middle Aged. Rosacea / pathology

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  • (PMID = 19542913.001).
  • [ISSN] 1533-0311
  • [Journal-full-title] The American Journal of dermatopathology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Am J Dermatopathol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Antigens, CD34
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44. Smith CS, Teruya-Feldstein J, Caravelli JF, Yeung HW: False-positive findings on 18F-FDG PET/CT: differentiation of hibernoma and malignant fatty tumor on the basis of fluctuating standardized uptake values. AJR Am J Roentgenol; 2008 Apr;190(4):1091-6
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  • [Title] False-positive findings on 18F-FDG PET/CT: differentiation of hibernoma and malignant fatty tumor on the basis of fluctuating standardized uptake values.
  • OBJECTIVE: Hibernoma is a benign tumor of brown fat that has imaging features similar to those of malignant fat-containing soft-tissue tumors.
  • CONCLUSION: Variation in standardized uptake values over time is an imaging characteristic that may be helpful for differentiating hibernoma and malignant fatty tumor.
  • [MeSH-major] Fluorodeoxyglucose F18. Neoplasms, Adipose Tissue / radiography. Neoplasms, Adipose Tissue / radionuclide imaging. Radiopharmaceuticals. Tomography, Emission-Computed. Tomography, X-Ray Computed
  • [MeSH-minor] Aged, 80 and over. Diagnosis, Differential. False Positive Reactions. Female. Humans. Lipoma / radiography. Lipoma / radionuclide imaging. Male. Middle Aged. Retrospective Studies

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  • (PMID = 18356460.001).
  • [ISSN] 1546-3141
  • [Journal-full-title] AJR. American journal of roentgenology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] AJR Am J Roentgenol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Radiopharmaceuticals; 0Z5B2CJX4D / Fluorodeoxyglucose F18
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45. Huang KH, Huang CY, Chung SD, Pu YS, Shun CT, Chen J: Malignant epithelioid angiomyolipoma of the kidney. J Formos Med Assoc; 2007 Feb;106(2 Suppl):S51-4
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  • Angiomyolipoma (AML) is a common benign renal tumor composed of thick-walled blood vessels, smooth muscle, and adipose tissue, but the malignant epithelioid variant is extremely rare.
  • The tumor cells were positive for human melanosome-associated protein (HMB-45) on immunohistochemical staining.
  • Epithelioid AML is a potentially aggressive tumor.
  • HMB-45 immunoreactivity is a useful marker to make diagnosis.

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  • (PMID = 17493897.001).
  • [ISSN] 0929-6646
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of the Formosan Medical Association = Taiwan yi zhi
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Formos. Med. Assoc.
  • [Language] ENG
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Singapore
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Antigens, Neoplasm; 0 / Melanoma-Specific Antigens; 0 / Neoplasm Proteins
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46. Righini ChA, Delalande C, Soriano E, Schmerber S, Passagia JG, Reyt E: [Reconstruction after tumor resection of the anterior skull base with an of abdominal fat graft]. Ann Otolaryngol Chir Cervicofac; 2005 Nov;122(5):236-45
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  • [Title] [Reconstruction after tumor resection of the anterior skull base with an of abdominal fat graft].
  • OBJECTIVES: Reconstruction of the anterior skull base is a surgical stage as significant as tumor removal.
  • 45 had a malignant tumor and 10 a benign tumor.
  • Forty-three patients treated for a malignant tumor underwent postoperative radiotherapy.
  • [MeSH-major] Adipose Tissue / transplantation. Skull Base Neoplasms / surgery

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  • (PMID = 16439934.001).
  • [ISSN] 0003-438X
  • [Journal-full-title] Annales d'oto-laryngologie et de chirurgie cervico faciale : bulletin de la Société d'oto-laryngologie des hôpitaux de Paris
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Ann Otolaryngol Chir Cervicofac
  • [Language] fre
  • [Publication-type] English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] France
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47. Kondi-Pafiti A, Grapsa D, Kairi-Vassilatou E, Kontogianni-Katsarou K, Koliopoulos C, Botsis D: Mesenchymal tumors of the uterine corpus with heterologous and hematopoietic components: a study of ten cases and review of the literature. Eur J Gynaecol Oncol; 2006;27(1):73-7
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  • OBJECTIVE: To study the histopathological features of mesenchymal tumors of the uterine corpus with heterologous and hematopoietic components, and review their histogenesis and differential diagnosis from other neoplastic and non-neoplastic lesions.
  • METHODS: Ten cases of mesenchymal tumors of the uterine corpus, massively infiltrated by hematopoioetic cells, or composed of other benign heterologous elements (adipose tissue in the present cases) were retrieved from the archival files of our laboratory and studied histopathologically.
  • RESULTS: Six of our studied cases were diagnosed as leiomyomas, two as lipoleiomyomas, one as a symplastic lipoleiomyoma, and one as an endometrial stromal tumor.
  • The endometrial stromal tumor was severely infiltrated by histiocytes, and was positive for vimentin, CD10, PgR and negative for actin, desmin, ER and caldesmon.
  • CONCLUSION: The presence of hematopoietic or heterologous elements within an otherwise bland uterine leiomyoma or endometrial stromal tumor may give rise to diagnostic difficulties.
  • Regularity of the tumor margins, low mitotic activity and absence of nuclear atypia or necrosis should be established for the exclusion of a malignancy.
  • [MeSH-minor] Adolescent. Adult. Aged. Biopsy, Needle. Disease Progression. Female. Hematopoietic System / pathology. Humans. Immunohistochemistry. Middle Aged. Neoplasm Staging. Prognosis. Registries. Retrospective Studies. Risk Assessment

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  • (PMID = 16550975.001).
  • [ISSN] 0392-2936
  • [Journal-full-title] European journal of gynaecological oncology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Eur. J. Gynaecol. Oncol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Comparative Study; Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] Italy
  • [Number-of-references] 37
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48. Kunieda E, Hara H, Morikawa Y, Hirobe S, Kamagata S, Kubo A: Accumulation of gallium-67 within mature and immature teratoma in pediatric patients: investigation for the uptake mechanism. Ann Nucl Med; 2008 Apr;22(3):207-13
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  • However, in the remaining one immature teratoma, the gallium distribution was diffuse within the tumor.
  • CONCLUSIONS: A high-uptake ratio of (67)Ga in benign teratoma was indicated.
  • A close correlation between gallium scan and CT helps to ascertain whether (67)Ga uptake results from malignant and/or immature elements, or mature tissue components.
  • [MeSH-minor] Adipose Tissue / radionuclide imaging. Adolescent. Autoradiography. Child. Child, Preschool. Female. Humans. Infant. Infant, Newborn. Male. Radiopharmaceuticals / pharmacokinetics. Sacrococcygeal Region / pathology. Sacrococcygeal Region / radionuclide imaging. Tissue Distribution. Tomography, Emission-Computed, Single-Photon. Tomography, X-Ray Computed. Whole Body Imaging

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  • (PMID = 18498036.001).
  • [ISSN] 0914-7187
  • [Journal-full-title] Annals of nuclear medicine
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Ann Nucl Med
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Japan
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Gallium Radioisotopes; 0 / Radiopharmaceuticals
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49. Wilke LG, Brown JQ, Bydlon TM, Kennedy SA, Richards LM, Junker MK, Gallagher J, Barry WT, Geradts J, Ramanujam N: Rapid noninvasive optical imaging of tissue composition in breast tumor margins. Am J Surg; 2009 Oct;198(4):566-74
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  • [Title] Rapid noninvasive optical imaging of tissue composition in breast tumor margins.
  • Our objective is to develop an optically based technology which can differentiate benign from malignant breast tissues intraoperatively through differences in tissue composition factors.
  • Optical images are transformed into tissue composition maps with parameters of total hemoglobin concentration, b-carotene concentration and scattering.
  • Within 34 specimens with pathologically confirmed positive margins, the ratio map of b-carotene/scattering showed the most significant difference reflecting a decrease in adipose and an increase in cell density within malignant margins (p=.002).
  • CONCLUSIONS: We present a novel optical spectral imaging device that provides a rapid, non-destructive assay of the tissue composition of breast tumor margins.

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  • (PMID = 19800470.001).
  • [ISSN] 1879-1883
  • [Journal-full-title] American journal of surgery
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Am. J. Surg.
  • [Language] ENG
  • [Grant] United States / NCRR NIH HHS / RR / UL1 RR024128; United States / NCRR NIH HHS / RR / UL1 RR024128-01; United States / NCRR NIH HHS / RR / 1UL1 RR024128-01
  • [Publication-type] Clinical Trial; Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ NIHMS137679; NLM/ PMC2764289
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50. Brandal P, Bjerkehagen B, Heim S: Rearrangement of chromosomal region 8q11-13 in lipomatous tumours: correlation with lipoblastoma morphology. J Pathol; 2006 Feb;208(3):388-94
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  • [Title] Rearrangement of chromosomal region 8q11-13 in lipomatous tumours: correlation with lipoblastoma morphology.
  • Cytogenetics is of considerable value when diagnosing lipomatous tumours, as different tumour types have different more or less specific chromosomal abnormalities.
  • One such entity is lipoblastoma, which is a benign lipomatous tumour that often exhibits rearrangements of chromosome bands 8q11-13, and the gene PLAG1 has been implicated as the target of these chromosomal changes.
  • All lipomatous tumours karyotyped at the Norwegian Radium Hospital were reviewed, looking for rearrangements of 8q11-13.
  • The findings raise the question as to what extent the diagnosis lipoblastoma should be based on histopathological or cytogenetic/molecular data or a combination thereof.
  • When karyotypic information from this series was combined with available literature data, it was found that the sensitivity of 8q11-13 rearrangements for diagnosing lipoblastomas when found in a lipomatous tumour was 77% and that the corresponding specificity was 98%.
  • The validity of these calculations of the diagnostic information provided by the cytogenetic findings is, of course, totally dependent on the morphological diagnosis made in each case.
  • Regardless of what the precise phenotypic diagnosis was, it is suggested that lipomatous tumours with 8q11-13 rearrangement constitute a distinct pathogenetic entity.
  • When selective therapies tailor-made against the specific pathogenetic rearrangement become available, it will become mandatory to pay more attention to the genetic constitution of the tumour cells than to their phenotypic appearance.
  • [MeSH-major] Chromosome Aberrations. Chromosomes, Human, Pair 8. Gene Rearrangement. Lipoma / genetics. Neoplasms, Adipose Tissue / genetics

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  • (PMID = 16308870.001).
  • [ISSN] 0022-3417
  • [Journal-full-title] The Journal of pathology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Pathol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / DNA-Binding Proteins; 0 / Genetic Markers; 0 / PLAG1 protein, human
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51. Kushida Y, Haba R, Kobayashi S, Ishikawa M, Doi T, Kadota K: Ectopic hamartomatous thymoma: a case report with immunohistochemical study and review of the literature. J Cutan Pathol; 2006 May;33(5):369-72
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  • Ectopic hamartomatous thymoma (EHT) is a rare benign tumor.
  • The tumor consisted of spindle cells, epithelial cells, adipose cells, and a small amount of lymphocytes, as described previously.
  • Recognition of EHT is important and needs to be differentiated from high-grade sarcomas such as synovial sarcoma or glandular malignant peripheral nerve sheath tumor.
  • [MeSH-major] Choristoma / pathology. Hamartoma / pathology. Soft Tissue Neoplasms / pathology. Thymoma. Thymus Neoplasms
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Antigens, CD / metabolism. Antigens, CD1 / metabolism. Antigens, CD20 / metabolism. Antigens, CD34 / metabolism. Antigens, CD45 / metabolism. Cell Adhesion Molecules / metabolism. Diagnosis, Differential. Humans. Keratins / metabolism. Male. Nerve Sheath Neoplasms / pathology. Sarcoma, Synovial / metabolism. Sarcoma, Synovial / pathology. Vimentin / metabolism

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  • (PMID = 16640545.001).
  • [ISSN] 0303-6987
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of cutaneous pathology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Cutan. Pathol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Denmark
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Antigens, CD; 0 / Antigens, CD1; 0 / Antigens, CD20; 0 / Antigens, CD34; 0 / CD1a antigen; 0 / CD99 protein, human; 0 / Cell Adhesion Molecules; 0 / Vimentin; 68238-35-7 / Keratins; EC 3.1.3.48 / Antigens, CD45
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52. Güvenç BH, Etus V, Muezzinoglu B: Lumbar teratoma presenting intradural and extramedullary extension in a neonate. Spine J; 2006 Jan-Feb;6(1):90-3
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  • Total removal of the tumor was achieved.
  • The pathological examination showed a benign teratoma containing mature cartilage, muscle, adipose tissue, and glandular tissue.
  • CONCLUSION: Accompanying a spinal dysraphic state, the mature teratoma in our case may support the idea of a tumor actually arising from a dysraphism and growing outward to produce the mass.
  • [MeSH-major] Lumbar Vertebrae. Neoplasm Invasiveness / pathology. Spinal Cord Neoplasms / diagnosis. Spinal Neoplasms / diagnosis. Teratoma / diagnosis
  • [MeSH-minor] Biopsy, Needle. Female. Follow-Up Studies. Humans. Immunohistochemistry. Infant, Newborn. Magnetic Resonance Imaging. Neoplasm Staging. Neurosurgical Procedures / methods. Recovery of Function. Risk Assessment

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  • (PMID = 16413454.001).
  • [ISSN] 1529-9430
  • [Journal-full-title] The spine journal : official journal of the North American Spine Society
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Spine J
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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53. Cao D, Srodon M, Montgomery EA, Kurman RJ: Lipomatous variant of angiomyofibroblastoma: report of two cases and review of the literature. Int J Gynecol Pathol; 2005 Apr;24(2):196-200
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  • [Title] Lipomatous variant of angiomyofibroblastoma: report of two cases and review of the literature.
  • Angiomyofibroblastoma (AMF) is a rare, benign, mesenchymal tumor occurring mainly in the female genital tract.
  • Some cases contain scattered mature adipocytes, but the lipomatous variant in which mature adipose tissue is prominent or striking is rare.
  • We report two more such cases that were composed of 70 to 80% and 30 to 40% adipose tissue, respectively.
  • Immunohistochemical analysis showed that the tumor cells were positive for estrogen receptor, progesterone receptor, vimentin, and Bcl-2, and negative for cytokeratin AE1/1, EMA, and CD117.
  • Tumor cells in the first case were positive for CD34 but not desmin and muscle-specific actin.
  • The opposite expression profile of these three markers was observed in tumor cells in the second case: positive for desmin and muscle-specific actin and negative for CD34.
  • Rare cells were positive for S-100 in adipose-rich areas in the first case.
  • Our findings indicate that the tumor cells in the lipomatous variant have similar immunoprofile to those of usual AMF and support the concept that the lipomatous variant probably represents an extreme end of a wide spectrum of differentiation in AMF.
  • [MeSH-minor] Adipose Tissue / metabolism. Adipose Tissue / pathology. Adult. Biomarkers, Tumor. Diagnosis, Differential. Female. Humans. Immunohistochemistry. Middle Aged. Myxoma / pathology

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  • (PMID = 15782077.001).
  • [ISSN] 0277-1691
  • [Journal-full-title] International journal of gynecological pathology : official journal of the International Society of Gynecological Pathologists
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Int. J. Gynecol. Pathol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Biomarkers, Tumor
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54. Siddiqui MK, Anand M, Mehrotra PK, Sarangi R, Mathur N: Biomonitoring of organochlorines in women with benign and malignant breast disease. Environ Res; 2005 Jun;98(2):250-7
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  • [Title] Biomonitoring of organochlorines in women with benign and malignant breast disease.
  • Blood, tumor, and surrounding adipose tissue of the breast were collected from the subjects with benign (control) and malignant breast (study) lesions and analyzed to determine organochlorine insecticides using a gas-liquid chromatograph equipped with an electron capture detector.
  • However, both total HCH and total DDT were higher in the tumor tissues of the controls than in those of the study group; gamma-HCH was significantly different (P<0.05).
  • The level of total HCH (alpha-HCH was significantly different, P<0.05) was higher in the breast adipose tissue of the study group, whereas total DDT was higher in the breast adipose tissue of the control group.
  • The distribution of known confounders of breast cancer including age, body mass index, age at menarche and menopause, duration of breast feeding, and family history related to breast disease did not differ significantly between benign and malignant groups.
  • [MeSH-minor] Adipose Tissue / metabolism. Adult. Age Factors. Aged. Aged, 80 and over. Biopsy, Fine-Needle. Case-Control Studies. Chromatography, Gas. Female. Humans. Mammography. Middle Aged. Pilot Projects. Risk Factors. Tissue Distribution

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  • (PMID = 15820732.001).
  • [ISSN] 0013-9351
  • [Journal-full-title] Environmental research
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Environ. Res.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Environmental Pollutants; 0 / Hydrocarbons, Chlorinated
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55. Bartuma H, Domanski HA, Von Steyern FV, Kullendorff CM, Mandahl N, Mertens F: Cytogenetic and molecular cytogenetic findings in lipoblastoma. Cancer Genet Cytogenet; 2008 May;183(1):60-3
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  • Lipoblastoma is a rare benign tumor that arises from embryonic adipose tissue and usually occurs in young children.

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  • (PMID = 18474299.001).
  • [ISSN] 1873-4456
  • [Journal-full-title] Cancer genetics and cytogenetics
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Cancer Genet. Cytogenet.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / DNA-Binding Proteins; 0 / PLAG1 protein, human
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56. Lasalandra C, Coviello M, Falco G, Divella R, Trojano G, Laterza AM, Quero C, Pepe V, Zito FA, Quaranta M: Serum vascular endothelial growth factor and adiponectin levels in patients with benign and malignant gynecological diseases. Int J Gynecol Cancer; 2010 May;20(4):507-12
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  • [Title] Serum vascular endothelial growth factor and adiponectin levels in patients with benign and malignant gynecological diseases.
  • Adipose tissue is a major endocrine and it secretes hormones termed adipokines.
  • This study was designed to determine the serum VEGF and adiponectin levels in patients with benign and malignant gynecological diseases and if there was a correlation between serum VEGF and adiponectin.
  • Diagnosis of benign and malignant gynaecological diseases was established by biopsy.
  • RESULTS: Our results were analyzed on the basis of 2 different parameters: age and benign and malignant gynecological diseases of the patient.
  • Only for serum VEGF levels was a significant difference observed (P = 0.004) between patients with benign and malignant gynecological diseases.
  • A significantly inverse correlation between serum VEGF and adiponectin levels among patients with benign and malignant gynecological diseases was found.
  • CONCLUSIONS: This is one of the first report on adiponectin in benign and malignant gynecological diseases.
  • [MeSH-major] Adiponectin / blood. Biomarkers, Tumor / blood. Genital Diseases, Female / blood. Neoplasms / blood. Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor A / blood

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  • (PMID = 20442584.001).
  • [ISSN] 1525-1438
  • [Journal-full-title] International journal of gynecological cancer : official journal of the International Gynecological Cancer Society
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Int. J. Gynecol. Cancer
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Comparative Study; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Adiponectin; 0 / Biomarkers, Tumor; 0 / VEGFA protein, human; 0 / Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor A
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57. Nilsson M, Domanski H, Mertens F, Mandahl N: Atypical lipomatous tumor with rare structural rearrangements involving chromosomes 8 and 12. Oncol Rep; 2005 Apr;13(4):649-52
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  • [Title] Atypical lipomatous tumor with rare structural rearrangements involving chromosomes 8 and 12.
  • Atypical lipomatous tumor (ALT), an intermediate malignant neoplasm of soft tissues, is characterized by the presence of supernumerary ring and giant marker chromosomes.
  • These findings are consistent with previous reports that the ALT phenotype may be associated with a low or moderate level of gene amplification, whereas truncation of HMGA2 has been observed in both ALTs and benign lipomas.
  • Whether ALTs with these types of aberrations have a lower risk of tumor progression than ALTs with the notoriously mitotically unstable ring and giant marker chromosomes remains to be investigated.
  • [MeSH-major] Chromosome Aberrations. Chromosomes, Human, Pair 12. Chromosomes, Human, Pair 8. Lipoma / genetics. Lipoma / pathology. Neoplasms, Adipose Tissue / genetics. Neoplasms, Adipose Tissue / pathology

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  • (PMID = 15756437.001).
  • [ISSN] 1021-335X
  • [Journal-full-title] Oncology reports
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Oncol. Rep.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] Greece
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58. Parratt MT, Gokaraju K, Spiegelberg BG, Miles J, Cannon SR, Briggs TW: Myolipoma affecting the erector spinae: a case report in a child. Case Rep Med; 2009;2009:520126
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  • Myolipoma is a rare, benign, lipomatous tumour which most commonly occurs in the retroperitoneum, pelvis, and abdomen.
  • Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) revealed a soft tissue lesion with high fat content and areas of calcification.
  • Excision and histopathological analysis revealed a tumour composed of lobules of mature adipose tissue and broad septa of well-differentiated smooth muscle tissue.
  • This paper represents the youngest patient diagnosed with this rare soft tissue tumour which is normally confined to the adult population.
  • A newly reported site of the tumour is also highlighted.

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  • (PMID = 19902012.001).
  • [ISSN] 1687-9627
  • [Journal-full-title] Case reports in medicine
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Case Rep Med
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
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59. Wani NA, Kosar T, Rawa IA, Qayum A: Giant adrenal myelolipoma: Incidentaloma with a rare incidental association. Urol Ann; 2010 Sep;2(3):130-3
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  • Adrenal myelolipoma is an unusual, benign and biochemically inactive tumor that is composed of mature adipose and hematopoietic tissue.

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  • (PMID = 20981204.001).
  • [ISSN] 0974-7834
  • [Journal-full-title] Urology annals
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Urol Ann
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] India
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC2955231
  • [Keywords] NOTNLM ; Adrenal gland / Bochdalek hernia / multidetector-row CT / myelolipoma
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60. Cifuentes M, Calleja F, Hola J, Daviú A, Jara D, Vallejos H: [Renal angiomyolipoma rupture as a cause of lumbar pain: report of one case]. Rev Med Chil; 2008 Aug;136(8):1031-3
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  • Renal angiomyolipoma is a benign tumor formed by smooth muscle, adipose tissue and blood vessels.
  • It is commonly found incidentally and its clinical manifestations are pain and abdominal mass or spontaneous tumor rupture with retroperitoneal bleeding.

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  • (PMID = 18949188.001).
  • [ISSN] 0034-9887
  • [Journal-full-title] Revista médica de Chile
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Rev Med Chil
  • [Language] spa
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Chile
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61. Bancroft LW, Kransdorf MJ, Peterson JJ, O'Connor MI: Benign fatty tumors: classification, clinical course, imaging appearance, and treatment. Skeletal Radiol; 2006 Oct;35(10):719-33
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  • [Title] Benign fatty tumors: classification, clinical course, imaging appearance, and treatment.
  • Lipoma is the most common soft-tissue tumor, with a wide spectrum of clinical presentations and imaging appearances.
  • Several subtypes are described, ranging from lesions entirely composed of mature adipose tissue to tumors intimately associated with nonadipose tissue, to those composed of brown fat.
  • The imaging appearance of these fatty masses is frequently sufficiently characteristic to allow a specific diagnosis.
  • However, in other cases, although a specific diagnosis is not achievable, a meaningful limited differential diagnosis can be established.
  • The purpose of this manuscript is to review the spectrum of benign fatty tumors highlighting the current classification system, clinical presentation and behavior, spectrum of imaging appearances, and treatment.
  • [MeSH-major] Neoplasms, Adipose Tissue / classification. Neoplasms, Adipose Tissue / diagnosis. Neoplasms, Adipose Tissue / therapy
  • [MeSH-minor] Diagnosis, Differential. Humans. Lipoma / classification. Lipoma / diagnosis. Lipoma / therapy. Magnetic Resonance Imaging. Tomography, X-Ray Computed

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  • (PMID = 16927086.001).
  • [ISSN] 0364-2348
  • [Journal-full-title] Skeletal radiology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Skeletal Radiol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] Germany
  • [Number-of-references] 65
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62. Akbulut M, Zekioglu O, Terek MC, Ozdemir N: Lipoadenofibroma of the endometrium: a rare variant of benign mullerian mixed tumor. Arch Gynecol Obstet; 2008 Sep;278(3):283-6
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  • [Title] Lipoadenofibroma of the endometrium: a rare variant of benign mullerian mixed tumor.
  • OBJECTIVE: Adenofibroma is a form of mixed mesodermal tumor in which epithelial and stromal components are benign, and usually arises in the endometrium of postmenopausal women.
  • We report a case of lipoadenofibroma of the endometrium that appeared as an intracavitary mass, which is very unusual because endometrioid adenofibroma rarely contains mature adipose tissue, only the second such case described in detail.
  • The endometrial polypoid mass was found to be a lipoadenofibroma composed predominantly of collagenated fibrous stroma populated by cystically dilated and occasionally crowded glands lined with proliferative endometrium, intermingled with abundant mature adipose tissue.
  • CONCLUSION: We suggest that uterine adenofibromas with lipomatous areas belong to the family of mixed tumor of Mullerian origin.
  • [MeSH-major] Adenofibroma / pathology. Endometrial Neoplasms / pathology. Mixed Tumor, Mullerian / pathology

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  • (PMID = 18236054.001).
  • [ISSN] 1432-0711
  • [Journal-full-title] Archives of gynecology and obstetrics
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Arch. Gynecol. Obstet.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Germany
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63. Fernandes GC, Gupta RK, Kandalkar BM: Giant adrenal myelolipoma. Indian J Pathol Microbiol; 2010 Apr-Jun;53(2):325-6
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  • Adrenal myelolipoma is a rare benign tumor composed of adipose and hematopoietic tissue.
  • [MeSH-major] Adrenal Gland Neoplasms / diagnosis. Adrenal Gland Neoplasms / pathology. Myelolipoma / diagnosis. Myelolipoma / pathology

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  • (PMID = 20551546.001).
  • [ISSN] 0974-5130
  • [Journal-full-title] Indian journal of pathology & microbiology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Indian J Pathol Microbiol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] India
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64. Wang J, Zhang RY: [Ectopic hamartomatous thymoma: a clinicopathological and immunohistochemical study of two cases]. Zhonghua Bing Li Xue Za Zhi; 2005 Jul;34(7):397-401
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  • Histologically, both tumors were composed of a mixture of spindle cells, epithelial cells and mature adipose tissue.
  • Mature adipose tissue was irregularly distributed in the two tumors, about < 5% and 20% respectively.
  • CONCLUSIONS: EHT is a benign tumor that occurs predominantly in the lower neck region of young to middle-aged males.
  • Immunohistochemical study revealed myoepithelial differentiation of the spindle cells, suggesting EHT is a mixed tumor composed of epithelial and myoepithelial cells.
  • EHT possibly originates from the remnants of cervical sinus of His, and therefore, may be renamed as branchial anlage mixed tumor.
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Anion Exchange Protein 1, Erythrocyte / metabolism. Diagnosis, Differential. Humans. Keratins, Type II / metabolism. Male. Mucin-1 / metabolism. Vimentin / metabolism

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  • NCI CPTC Antibody Characterization Program. NCI CPTC Antibody Characterization Program .
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  • (PMID = 16251042.001).
  • [ISSN] 0529-5807
  • [Journal-full-title] Zhonghua bing li xue za zhi = Chinese journal of pathology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Zhonghua Bing Li Xue Za Zhi
  • [Language] chi
  • [Publication-type] English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] China
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Anion Exchange Protein 1, Erythrocyte; 0 / Keratins, Type II; 0 / Mucin-1; 0 / Vimentin
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65. Demiralp B, Alderete JF, Kose O, Ozcan A, Cicek I, Basbozkurt M: Osteolipoma independent of bone tissue: a case report. Cases J; 2009;2:8711
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  • [Title] Osteolipoma independent of bone tissue: a case report.
  • INTRODUCTION: Lipomas are the most common benign soft tissue tumors and appear in any part of the body.
  • They typically consist of mature adipose tissue.
  • Osteolipoma is an extremely rare histologic variant of lipoma that contains mature lamellar bone within the tumor and osteolipoma independent of bone tissue are very rare.
  • Given the benign imaging characteristics and fine needle aspiration, an excisional biopsy was undertaken.
  • The definitive pathologic diagnosis was intramuscular osteolipoma without evidence of malignancy.
  • CONCLUSION: Although ossifying lipomas are very rare, it is important to keep them in mind when a lesion with adipose tissue in combination with ossification is encountered.

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  • (PMID = 19918398.001).
  • [ISSN] 1757-1626
  • [Journal-full-title] Cases journal
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Cases J
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC2769468
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66. Nord KH, Magnusson L, Isaksson M, Nilsson J, Lilljebjörn H, Domanski HA, Kindblom LG, Mandahl N, Mertens F: Concomitant deletions of tumor suppressor genes MEN1 and AIP are essential for the pathogenesis of the brown fat tumor hibernoma. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A; 2010 Dec 7;107(49):21122-7
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  • [Title] Concomitant deletions of tumor suppressor genes MEN1 and AIP are essential for the pathogenesis of the brown fat tumor hibernoma.
  • Hibernomas are benign tumors with morphological features resembling brown fat.
  • Here we demonstrate that these aberrations are associated with concomitant deletions of AIP and MEN1, tumor suppressor genes that are located 3 Mb apart and that underlie the hereditary syndromes pituitary adenoma predisposition and multiple endocrine neoplasia type I.
  • Simultaneous loss of two tumor suppressor genes has not previously been shown to result from a neoplasia-associated translocation.
  • Furthermore, in contrast to the prevailing assumption that benign tumors harbor relatively few genetic aberrations, the present analyses demonstrate that a considerable number of chromosome breaks are involved in the pathogenesis of hibernoma.
  • [MeSH-major] Gene Deletion. Genes, Tumor Suppressor. Intracellular Signaling Peptides and Proteins / genetics. Lipoma / genetics. Multiple Endocrine Neoplasia Type 1 / genetics
  • [MeSH-minor] Adipose Tissue, Brown. Chromosome Aberrations. Gene Expression Regulation, Neoplastic. Humans. Peroxisome Proliferator-Activated Receptors / genetics. Up-Regulation


67. Ogütcen-Toller M, Sener I, Kasap V, Cakir-Ozkan N: Maxillary myxoma: surgical treatment and reconstruction with buccal fat pad flap: a case report. J Contemp Dent Pract; 2006 Feb 15;7(1):107-16
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  • Myxoma is a benign tumor that arises from mesenchymal tissue and is found less commonly in the bone than in soft tissue.
  • The buccal fat pad (BFP) is a lobulated mass of fatty tissue in the oromaxillofacial region, which has long been a source of grafts in facial augmentation.
  • [MeSH-major] Adipose Tissue / transplantation. Maxillary Neoplasms / surgery. Myxoma / surgery. Oral Surgical Procedures / methods
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Bone Substitutes. Bone Transplantation. Cheek. Female. Follow-Up Studies. Humans. Neoplasm Invasiveness. Oroantral Fistula / surgery. Reconstructive Surgical Procedures. Surgical Flaps. Tomography, X-Ray Computed

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  • (PMID = 16491153.001).
  • [ISSN] 1526-3711
  • [Journal-full-title] The journal of contemporary dental practice
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Contemp Dent Pract
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Bone Substitutes; 0 / OsteoGraf-N
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68. Petrolla AA, Xin W: Hepatic angiomyolipoma. Arch Pathol Lab Med; 2008 Oct;132(10):1679-82
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • Hepatic angiomyolipoma is a rare, benign, hepatic mesenchymal neoplasm found in both males and females, and most commonly in adult females.
  • Hepatic angiomyolipomas are composed of varying amounts of smooth muscle cells, adipose tissue, and vessels.
  • The smooth muscle cell component is the most specific to the diagnosis.
  • The differential diagnosis includes hepatocellular carcinoma, hepatic adenoma, leiomyoma, hepatoblastoma, melanoma, and gastrointestinal stromal tumor.
  • The immunohistochemical staining pattern differentiates this lesion from other malignant and benign liver lesions.
  • If the diagnosis of hepatic angiomyolipoma has been made, it can be followed conservatively or surgically resected.
  • [MeSH-minor] Antigens, Neoplasm / metabolism. Female. Humans. MART-1 Antigen. Male. Melanoma-Specific Antigens. Neoplasm Proteins / metabolism. S100 Proteins / metabolism

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  • (PMID = 18834230.001).
  • [ISSN] 1543-2165
  • [Journal-full-title] Archives of pathology & laboratory medicine
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Arch. Pathol. Lab. Med.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Antigens, Neoplasm; 0 / MART-1 Antigen; 0 / MLANA protein, human; 0 / Melanoma-Specific Antigens; 0 / Neoplasm Proteins; 0 / S100 Proteins
  • [Number-of-references] 17
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69. Scariot R, Giovanini AF, Torres-Pereira CC, Piazzetta CM, Costa DJ, Rebellato NL, Müller PR: Massive growth of an intraoral lipoma. J Contemp Dent Pract; 2008;9(7):115-21
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  • BACKGROUND: Lipoma, a benign tumor of adipose tissue, is rarely seen in the oral cavity.
  • A clinical diagnosis of lipoma was established, and the treatment consisted of complete excision of the mass under local anesthesia.
  • CLINICAL SIGNIFICANCE: This case report emphasizes the slow growth and benign characteristics of oral lipomas.

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  • (PMID = 18997924.001).
  • [ISSN] 1526-3711
  • [Journal-full-title] The journal of contemporary dental practice
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Contemp Dent Pract
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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70. Leuschner I: [Lipofibromatosis in a 6-year-old girl: a case report]. Pathologe; 2010 Mar;31(2):150-2
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  • Lipofibromatosis is a typical soft tissue lesion of childhood which is most likely underdiagnosed.
  • The case of a 6-year-old girl with a palmar tumor is presented.
  • The lesion showed a typical fascicular growth patter into the fatty tissue.
  • Differential diagnosis includes fibrous hamartoma of infancy.
  • Lipofibromatosis is a benign disease but recurrences are not unusual.
  • [MeSH-major] Fibroma / pathology. Lipomatosis / pathology. Soft Tissue Neoplasms / pathology
  • [MeSH-minor] Adipose Tissue / pathology. Child. Diagnosis, Differential. Female. Hand / pathology. Humans. Neoplasm Invasiveness

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  • [Cites] Am J Surg Pathol. 2000 Nov;24(11):1491-500 [11075850.001]
  • [Cites] Cancer Genet Cytogenet. 2007 Dec;179(2):136-9 [18036401.001]
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  • (PMID = 20076960.001).
  • [ISSN] 1432-1963
  • [Journal-full-title] Der Pathologe
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Pathologe
  • [Language] ger
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Germany
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71. Spinelli C, Costanzo S, Severi E, Giannotti G, Massart F: A thoracic wall lipoblastoma in a 3-month-old infant: A case report and review of the literature. J Pediatr Hematol Oncol; 2006 Sep;28(9):594-600
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  • Lipoblastoma is a rare benign tumor of adipose tissue seen almost always in infancy and early childhood.
  • Lipoblastoma is a tumor with good prognosis with no reported metastases, despite its potential for local invasion and rapid growth.
  • With the aim of both diagnosis and treatment, the lipomatous mass was removed by local resection.
  • In addition to the patient's age, histologic and cytogenetic analyses assisted the diagnosis of diffuse lipoblastoma.
  • [MeSH-major] Lipoma / genetics. Lipoma / pathology. Soft Tissue Neoplasms / genetics. Soft Tissue Neoplasms / pathology. Thoracic Wall / pathology

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  • (PMID = 17006266.001).
  • [ISSN] 1077-4114
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of pediatric hematology/oncology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Pediatr. Hematol. Oncol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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72. Durgun Y, Firat C, Miman MC, Kirimlioglu H: A rare benign laryngeal tumor: angiomyolipoma. J Craniofac Surg; 2010 Nov;21(6):1956-7
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  • [Title] A rare benign laryngeal tumor: angiomyolipoma.
  • Angiomyolipoma is a mesenchymal neoplasm containing adipose tissue, blood vessels, and smooth muscle fibers.
  • Arising most frequently in the kidney, the tumor may exceptionally be at the head and neck region.
  • The tumor was removed by an endolaryngeal approach.
  • [MeSH-major] Angiomyolipoma / diagnosis. Laryngeal Neoplasms / diagnosis
  • [MeSH-minor] Deglutition Disorders / diagnosis. Follow-Up Studies. Humans. Laryngoscopy. Male. Microsurgery. Middle Aged. Tomography, X-Ray Computed

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  • (PMID = 21119467.001).
  • [ISSN] 1536-3732
  • [Journal-full-title] The Journal of craniofacial surgery
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Craniofac Surg
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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73. Kazakov DV, Sima R, Michal M: Hemosiderotic fibrohistiocytic lipomatous lesion: clinical correlation with venous stasis. Virchows Arch; 2005 Jul;447(1):103-6
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Hemosiderotic fibrohistiocytic lipomatous lesion: clinical correlation with venous stasis.
  • Hemosiderotic fibrohistiocytic lipomatous lesion (HFLL) is a recently proposed lipomatous entity.
  • HFLL was originally suggested to be a benign reactive lesion arising due to an antecedent trauma.
  • We hypothesize that the proliferation of spindled fibroblastic and myofibroblastic cells and capillaries, erythrocyte extravasation, and hemosiderin deposition with lipomatous tissue of HFLL may simply represent an exaggerated tissue response to venous stasis in which elevated venous and capillary pressures, oxygen saturation, and edema stimulate the proliferation of the above mentioned elements and lead to erythrocyte extravasation.
  • [MeSH-major] Hemosiderosis / pathology. Histiocytosis / pathology. Lipoma / pathology. Soft Tissue Neoplasms / pathology. Varicose Veins / pathology. Venous Insufficiency / pathology
  • [MeSH-minor] Adipose Tissue / chemistry. Adipose Tissue / pathology. Biomarkers, Tumor / analysis. Female. Hemosiderin / analysis. Humans. Immunohistochemistry. Middle Aged. Treatment Outcome

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  • (PMID = 15947948.001).
  • [ISSN] 0945-6317
  • [Journal-full-title] Virchows Archiv : an international journal of pathology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Virchows Arch.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Germany
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Biomarkers, Tumor; 9011-92-1 / Hemosiderin
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74. Han Y, Liu J: [Autologous free fat particle grafting combined with bFGF to repair facial depression]. Zhongguo Xiu Fu Chong Jian Wai Ke Za Zhi; 2008 Mar;22(3):339-42
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • The pathological causes were congenital facial depression in 2 patients, hemifacial atrophy in 2, traumatic cicatrix in 5 and benign tumor removal in 3.
  • The pathological causes were: congenital facial depression in 3 patients, hemifacial atrophy in 4, traumatic cicatrix in 15 and benign tumor removal in 7.
  • [MeSH-major] Adipose Tissue / transplantation. Face / surgery. Facial Hemiatrophy / surgery. Fibroblast Growth Factor 2 / therapeutic use. Rhytidoplasty / methods
  • [MeSH-minor] Adolescent. Adult. Facial Injuries / surgery. Female. Follow-Up Studies. Humans. Injections, Subcutaneous. Male. Middle Aged. Skin Abnormalities / surgery. Tissue and Organ Harvesting / methods. Treatment Outcome. Young Adult

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  • (PMID = 18396717.001).
  • [ISSN] 1002-1892
  • [Journal-full-title] Zhongguo xiu fu chong jian wai ke za zhi = Zhongguo xiufu chongjian waike zazhi = Chinese journal of reparative and reconstructive surgery
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Zhongguo Xiu Fu Chong Jian Wai Ke Za Zhi
  • [Language] chi
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; English Abstract; Journal Article; Randomized Controlled Trial
  • [Publication-country] China
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 103107-01-3 / Fibroblast Growth Factor 2
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75. Ma L, Kowalski D, Javed K, Hui P: Atypical angiomyolipoma of kidney in a patient with tuberous sclerosis: a case report with p53 gene mutation analysis. Arch Pathol Lab Med; 2005 May;129(5):676-9
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  • Angiomyolipoma (AML) is the most common benign mesenchymal tumor of the kidney.
  • It belongs to the family of perivascular epithelioid cell tumors and is typically composed of blood vessels, adipose tissue, and smooth muscle- like cells, which are characteristically positive for HMB-45.
  • The tumor consisted of mostly epithelioid cells with marked nuclear pleomorphism and frequent mitoses and was positive for HMB-45.
  • The diagnosis of atypical epithelioid AML was made.
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Biomarkers, Tumor / analysis. Cytoplasm / ultrastructure. DNA Mutational Analysis. DNA, Neoplasm / genetics. Female. Humans. Immunohistochemistry. Intercellular Junctions / ultrastructure. Nephrectomy. Polymerase Chain Reaction. Polymorphism, Single-Stranded Conformational. Treatment Outcome


76. Simpfendorfer CS, Ilaslan H, Davies AM, James SL, Obuchowski NA, Sundaram M: Does the presence of focal normal marrow fat signal within a tumor on MRI exclude malignancy? An analysis of 184 histologically proven tumors of the pelvic and appendicular skeleton. Skeletal Radiol; 2008 Sep;37(9):797-804
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Does the presence of focal normal marrow fat signal within a tumor on MRI exclude malignancy? An analysis of 184 histologically proven tumors of the pelvic and appendicular skeleton.
  • OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to determine if the presence of focal normal bone marrow fat signal within a tumor on magnetic resonance imaging excludes malignancy.
  • There were 111 malignant and 73 benign tumors.
  • Two radiologists at each institution, blinded to the diagnosis, reviewed the MRIs independently and reported the presence or absence of normal marrow fat signal within the tumor based upon T1-weighted imaging without fat suppression and T2-weighted imaging with fat suppression and/or short inversion-time inversion recovery (STIR).
  • For each institution, a Fisher's exact test was used to compare the frequency of focal normal marrow fat signal in benign and malignant tumors.
  • Fisher's exact test was also used to compare the frequency of intratumoral fat in benign and malignant lesions for the pooled sample.
  • There were three discrepancies (one malignant and two benign) at site 1 and four discrepancies (two malignant and two benign) at site 2.
  • Reader consensus at site 1 identified normal marrow fat signal within 1 of 50 (2.0%) malignant and three of 14 (21.4%) benign tumors.
  • Reader consensus at site 2 identified normal marrow fat signal within three of 61 (4.9%) malignant and 14 of 59 (23.7%) benign tumors.
  • For the pooled consensus, the frequency of intratumoral fat in benign lesions (17/73, 23.3%) is significantly greater than the frequency in malignant lesions (4/111, 3.6%), p < 0.001.
  • CONCLUSION: The presence of focal normal marrow signal within a tumor is highly suggestive of a benign tumor.
  • [MeSH-major] Adipose Tissue / pathology. Bone Marrow / pathology. Bone Neoplasms / pathology. Magnetic Resonance Imaging / methods. Pelvic Bones / pathology
  • [MeSH-minor] Algorithms. Bayes Theorem. Female. Humans. Male. Neoplasm Metastasis. Predictive Value of Tests. Reproducibility of Results


77. Nakamura N, Kudo A, Ito K, Tanaka S, Arii S: A hepatic lipoma mimicking angiomyolipoma of the liver: report of a case. Surg Today; 2009;39(9):825-8
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  • Radiological examinations (computed tomography, ultrasonography, magnetic resonance imaging) showed a well-defined mass, which was finally diagnosed to be located in the left part of the caudate lobe of the liver, containing two spotty enhanced nodules within the tumor.
  • The cut surface of the specimen showed an encapsulated, homogeneous, yellowish tumor consisting of mature adipose tissue, which was diagnosed as lipoma of the liver.
  • The two nodules within the tumor were encapsulated hemorrhage.
  • Therefore, the final diagnosis was lipoma of the liver, which is an extremely rare benign liver tumor.
  • [MeSH-major] Angiomyolipoma / diagnosis. Lipoma / diagnosis. Liver Neoplasms / diagnosis
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Diagnosis, Differential. Humans. Male

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  • (PMID = 19779784.001).
  • [ISSN] 1436-2813
  • [Journal-full-title] Surgery today
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Surg. Today
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Japan
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78. Montgomery E, Epstein JI: Anastomosing hemangioma of the genitourinary tract: a lesion mimicking angiosarcoma. Am J Surg Pathol; 2009 Sep;33(9):1364-9
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • BACKGROUND: We describe 6 cases of a poorly recognized vascular neoplasm that can simulate angiosarcoma.
  • DESIGN: Cases of a rare vascular tumor with a proclivity for the genitourinary tract encountered in our consultation material were prospectively collected between the year 1999 and 2008.
  • Most kidney (3/4, 75%) tumors showed minor extensions into adjacent adipose tissue.
  • CONCLUSIONS: Anastomosing hemangioma of the genitourinary tract is a rare neoplasm displaying some overlapping features of both sinusoidal hemangioma and hobnail hemangioma of soft tissue and skin.
  • However, in our opinion, it is a unique neoplasm with a proclivity for the kidney.
  • Its anastomosing appearance can lead to concern for angiosarcoma but, despite small numbers and limited follow-up in our series, evidence to date supports that the lesion is benign.
  • [MeSH-minor] Aged. Antigens, CD31 / analysis. Antigens, CD34 / analysis. Biomarkers, Tumor / analysis. Diagnosis, Differential. Factor VIII / analysis. Female. Humans. Kidney Neoplasms / chemistry. Kidney Neoplasms / pathology. Male. Middle Aged. Prospective Studies. Testicular Neoplasms / chemistry. Testicular Neoplasms / pathology. Treatment Outcome

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  • (PMID = 19606014.001).
  • [ISSN] 1532-0979
  • [Journal-full-title] The American journal of surgical pathology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Am. J. Surg. Pathol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Antigens, CD31; 0 / Antigens, CD34; 0 / Biomarkers, Tumor; 0 / F8 protein, human; 9001-27-8 / Factor VIII
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79. Sarnat HB, Flores-Sarnat L: Embryology of the neural crest: its inductive role in the neurocutaneous syndromes. J Child Neurol; 2005 Aug;20(8):637-43
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  • After dorsal closure of the neural tube, neural crest cells separate and migrate throughout the embryo to form many structures of ectodermal origin (eg, dorsal root and autonomic ganglia, peripheral nerve sheaths) and mesodermal origin (eg, blood vessels, melanocytes, adipose tissue, membranous bone, connective tissue, most of the ocular globe).
  • Abnormal angiogenesis, areas of abnormal pigmentation that sometimes follow the lines of Blashko, nerve sheath proliferations, disorders of chromaffin tissue, lipomes and benign and malignant tumors are frequent features.
  • Many defective genes in neurocutaneous syndromes have an additional function as tumor suppressors.

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  • (PMID = 16225807.001).
  • [ISSN] 0883-0738
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of child neurology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Child Neurol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Number-of-references] 74
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80. Al-Momani HM: Recurrent maturing perineal lipoblastoma. Saudi Med J; 2005 Nov;26(11):1815-7
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  • Lipoblastoma is a rare benign neoplasm of fetal adipose tissue that we see mostly in infants and young children less than 3 years of age.
  • We report a case of a recurrent perineal lipoblastoma in a 2.5-year-old boy, which showed maturation of the lipoblasts as compared to the primary tumor.
  • [MeSH-major] Lipoma / pathology. Lipoma / surgery. Neoplasms, Adipose Tissue / pathology. Neoplasms, Adipose Tissue / surgery

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  • (PMID = 16311674.001).
  • [ISSN] 0379-5284
  • [Journal-full-title] Saudi medical journal
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Saudi Med J
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Saudi Arabia
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81. Oishi K, Fukuda S, Sakimoto H, Eto T, Takahashi M, Nishida T: Angiomyolipoma of the colon: report of a case. Surg Today; 2009;39(11):998-1001
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • Angiomyolipomas are benign mesenchymal tumors mostly arising from the kidney.
  • Here we report the findings of a 51-year-old man who presented with a submucosal tumor covered with normal mucosa and hemorrhage in the descending colon.
  • A histopathological examination showed that the tumor of 5.7 cm in diameter included smooth muscle (spindle cell type), mature adipose tissue, and vessels, and therefore a diagnosis of angiomyolipoma was made.
  • When colonoscopy shows a submucosal tumor of the colon with hemorrhage, angiomyolipoma should be considered.
  • [MeSH-minor] Biopsy. Colonoscopy. Diagnosis, Differential. Humans. Male. Middle Aged

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  • (PMID = 19882325.001).
  • [ISSN] 1436-2813
  • [Journal-full-title] Surgery today
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Surg. Today
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Japan
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82. Changizi V, Kheradmand AA, Oghabian MA: Application of small-angle X-ray scattering for differentiation among breast tumors. J Med Phys; 2008 Jan;33(1):19-23
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  • As breast cancer is the most widespread cancer in women and differentiation among its tumors is important, this project compared the results of coherent X-ray scattering measurements obtained from benign and malignant breast tissues.
  • One hundred thirty-one breast-tissue samples, including normal, fibrocystic changes and carcinoma, were studied at the 6 degrees scattering angle.
  • These profiles showed a few peak positions for adipose (1.15 +/- 0.06 nm(-1)), mixed normal (1.15 +/- 0.06 nm(-1) and 1.4 +/- 0.04 nm(-1)), fibrocystic changes (1.46 +/- 0.05 nm(-1) and 1.74 +/- 0.04 nm(-1)) and carcinoma (1.55 +/- 0.04 nm(-1), 1.73 +/- 0.06 nm(-1), 1.85 +/- 0.05 nm(-1)).
  • We were able to differentiate between normal, fibrocystic changes (benign) and carcinoma (malignant) breast tissues by SAXS.

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  • (PMID = 20041048.001).
  • [ISSN] 1998-3913
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of medical physics
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Med Phys
  • [Language] ENG
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] India
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC2786093
  • [Keywords] NOTNLM ; Breast tumor / coherent scattering / small-angle X-ray scattering
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83. Saito M, Yuasa T, Nanjo H, Tsuchiya N, Satoh S, Habuchi T: A case of testicular angiomyolipoma. Int J Urol; 2008 Feb;15(2):185-7
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  • A 22-year-old male underwent left orchiectomy under a diagnosis of testicular tumor.
  • Pathological analysis demonstrated that it was composed of adipose tissue and vasculature with foci of myomatous component.
  • The tumor demonstrated neither cytological atypia nor widespread mitotic activity.
  • In addition, the tumor cells showed intense expression of CD34 and smooth muscle actin, whereas HMB-45 was entirely negative.
  • Although the true cellular origin and its clinical implications remain unknown, pathological and immunohistochemical studies strongly indicated benign testicular AML with a non-germ cell origin.

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  • (PMID = 18269463.001).
  • [ISSN] 1442-2042
  • [Journal-full-title] International journal of urology : official journal of the Japanese Urological Association
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Int. J. Urol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Australia
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84. Honoki K, Morita K, Kasai T, Fujii H, Kido A, Tsukamoto S, Nonomura A, Tanaka Y: Hibernoma of the axillary region: a rare benign adipocytic tumor. Rare Tumors; 2010;2(1):e7
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  • [Title] Hibernoma of the axillary region: a rare benign adipocytic tumor.
  • Hibernoma is a rare benign tumor considered to arise from remnants of fetal brown adipose tissue.
  • However, unlike lipomas, MRI findings sometimes mislead clinicians to diagnose a malignant neoplasm.

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  • (PMID = 21139952.001).
  • [ISSN] 2036-3613
  • [Journal-full-title] Rare tumors
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Rare Tumors
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Italy
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC2994483
  • [Keywords] NOTNLM ; adipocytic tumor / brown fat / hibernoma
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85. Knight CS, Cerfolio RJ, Winokur TS: Angiomyolipoma of the anterior mediastinum. Ann Diagn Pathol; 2008 Aug;12(4):293-5
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  • Angiomyolipoma is a benign tumor composed of varying proportions of smooth muscle cells, blood vessels, and adipose tissue that most commonly occurs in the kidney.
  • [MeSH-minor] Actins / metabolism. Antigens, Neoplasm / metabolism. Diagnosis, Differential. Female. Humans. Immunohistochemistry. Melanoma-Specific Antigens. Middle Aged. Muscle, Smooth / pathology. Neoplasm Proteins / metabolism. Thymoma / pathology. Thymus Neoplasms / pathology

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  • (PMID = 18620999.001).
  • [ISSN] 1532-8198
  • [Journal-full-title] Annals of diagnostic pathology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Ann Diagn Pathol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Actins; 0 / Antigens, Neoplasm; 0 / Melanoma-Specific Antigens; 0 / Neoplasm Proteins
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86. Tsochatzis EA, Papatheodoridis GV, Archimandritis AJ: Adipokines in nonalcoholic steatohepatitis: from pathogenesis to implications in diagnosis and therapy. Mediators Inflamm; 2009;2009:831670
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  • [Title] Adipokines in nonalcoholic steatohepatitis: from pathogenesis to implications in diagnosis and therapy.
  • Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is the hepatic manifestation of the metabolic syndrome and can vary from benign steatosis to end-stage liver disease.
  • There is mounting evidence that cytokines secreted from adipose tissue, namely, adipokines, are implicated in the pathogenesis and progression of NAFLD.
  • In the current review, we explore the role of these adipokines, particularly leptin, adiponectin, resistin, tumor necrosis factor-a, and interleukin-6 in NASH, as elucidated in experimental models and clinical practice.
  • [MeSH-minor] Adiponectin / physiology. Humans. Interleukin-6 / physiology. Leptin / physiology. Resistin / physiology. Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha / antagonists & inhibitors. Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha / physiology

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  • (PMID = 19753129.001).
  • [ISSN] 1466-1861
  • [Journal-full-title] Mediators of inflammation
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Mediators Inflamm.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / ADIPOQ protein, human; 0 / Adipokines; 0 / Adiponectin; 0 / Interleukin-6; 0 / Leptin; 0 / RETN protein, human; 0 / Resistin; 0 / Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha
  • [Number-of-references] 98
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC2694309
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87. Binh MB, Sastre-Garau X, Guillou L, de Pinieux G, Terrier P, Lagacé R, Aurias A, Hostein I, Coindre JM: MDM2 and CDK4 immunostainings are useful adjuncts in diagnosing well-differentiated and dedifferentiated liposarcoma subtypes: a comparative analysis of 559 soft tissue neoplasms with genetic data. Am J Surg Pathol; 2005 Oct;29(10):1340-7
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  • [Title] MDM2 and CDK4 immunostainings are useful adjuncts in diagnosing well-differentiated and dedifferentiated liposarcoma subtypes: a comparative analysis of 559 soft tissue neoplasms with genetic data.
  • Atypical lipomatous tumor/well-differentiated liposarcoma (ALT-WDLPS) and dedifferentiated liposarcoma (DDLPS) may be difficult to distinguish from benign adipose tumors and from poorly differentiated sarcomas, respectively.
  • We examined a series of 559 soft tissue tumors (44 ALT-WDLPS, 61 DDLPS, 49 benign adipose tumors, and 405 non-ALT-WDLPS/DDLPS sarcomas) for MDM2 and CDK4 expression using immunohistochemistry.
  • Most ALT-WDLPS/DDLPS expressed MDM2 (97%) and CDK4 (92%) as opposed to few benign adipose tumors (MDM2, 5%; CDK4, 2%) and a limited number of non-ALT-WDLSP/DDLPS sarcomas (MDM2, 19%; CDK4, 6%).
  • The sensitivity and specificity of MDM2 and CDK4 immunostainings in identifying ALT-WDLPS/DDLPS among other soft tissue tumors were 97% and 92%, and 83% and 95%, respectively.
  • MDM2 and CDK4 immunostainings were particularly useful to separate ALT-WDLPS from the large group of differentiated adipose tumors, and to distinguish DDLPS from poorly differentiated sarcomas.
  • In conclusion, MDM2 and CDK4 immunostainings, which correlate with gene amplification, are helpful adjuncts to differentiate ALT-WDLPS from benign adipose tumors and to separate DDLPS from poorly differentiated sarcomas.
  • [MeSH-major] Cyclin-Dependent Kinase 4 / metabolism. Liposarcoma / diagnosis. Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-mdm2 / metabolism. Soft Tissue Neoplasms / diagnosis
  • [MeSH-minor] Aged. Diagnosis, Differential. Gene Amplification. Humans. Immunohistochemistry. Male. Middle Aged. Polymerase Chain Reaction. Sensitivity and Specificity

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  • (PMID = 16160477.001).
  • [ISSN] 0147-5185
  • [Journal-full-title] The American journal of surgical pathology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Am. J. Surg. Pathol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Comparative Study; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] EC 2.7.11.22 / CDK4 protein, human; EC 2.7.11.22 / Cyclin-Dependent Kinase 4; EC 6.3.2.19 / MDM2 protein, human; EC 6.3.2.19 / Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-mdm2
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88. Chien AL, Song DH, Stein SL: Two young girls with lipoblastoma and a review of the literature. Pediatr Dermatol; 2006 Mar-Apr;23(2):152-6
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  • Lipoblastoma is an uncommon, benign tumor of embryonic adipose tissue that occurs predominantly in the pediatric population.
  • Biopsy of the lesion is standard for diagnosis, as clinical and radiologic diagnoses can be misleading.
  • [MeSH-major] Lipoma / diagnosis
  • [MeSH-minor] Child, Preschool. Diagnosis, Differential. Female. Groin. Heel. Humans. Infant

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  • (PMID = 16650226.001).
  • [ISSN] 0736-8046
  • [Journal-full-title] Pediatric dermatology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Pediatr Dermatol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Number-of-references] 24
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89. Shaco-Levy R, Piura B: Uterine adenolipoleiomyoma: a tumor with potential of aggressive behavior. Int J Gynecol Pathol; 2008 Apr;27(2):252-7
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  • [Title] Uterine adenolipoleiomyoma: a tumor with potential of aggressive behavior.
  • Histology showed the mass to be composed of benign-appearing smooth muscle, mature adipose tissue, and bland endocervical-type glands.
  • The recurrent adenolipoleiomyoma contained, in addition, benign-appearing endometrial-type glands and stroma and showed small foci of atypically proliferating endocervical-type epithelium.
  • [MeSH-minor] Female. Humans. Neoplasm Invasiveness. Neoplasm Recurrence, Local / diagnosis. Neoplasm Recurrence, Local / pathology. Uterus / pathology

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  • (PMID = 18317215.001).
  • [ISSN] 1538-7151
  • [Journal-full-title] International journal of gynecological pathology : official journal of the International Society of Gynecological Pathologists
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Int. J. Gynecol. Pathol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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90. Wang SN, Tsai KB, Lee KT: Hepatic angiomyolipoma with trace amounts of fat: a case report and literature review. J Clin Pathol; 2006 Nov;59(11):1196-9
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  • Hepatic angiomyolipoma (AML), a rare benign mesenchymal tumour, is characterised by the presence of mature adipose tissue, smooth-muscle cells and thick-walled blood vessels.
  • However, the proportion of fatty tissue in these tumours is highly variable.
  • Microscopically, the amount of fat was too low to establish a diagnosis of hepatic AML.
  • However, positive homatropine methylbromide 45 immunoreactivity of the smooth-muscle cells seemed to assist in arriving at the diagnosis.
  • [MeSH-major] Adipose Tissue / pathology. Angiomyolipoma / pathology. Liver Neoplasms / pathology
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Biomarkers, Tumor / analysis. Humans. Male. Tomography, X-Ray Computed. Tropanes / analysis

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  • (PMID = 17071805.001).
  • [ISSN] 0021-9746
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of clinical pathology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Clin. Pathol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Biomarkers, Tumor; 0 / Tropanes; 68JRS2HC1C / homatropine methylbromide
  • [Number-of-references] 17
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC1860516
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91. Eyzaguirre E, Liqiang W, Karla GM, Rajendra K, Alberto A, Gatalica Z: Intraosseous lipoma. A clinical, radiologic, and pathologic study of 5 cases. Ann Diagn Pathol; 2007 Oct;11(5):320-5
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  • Intraosseous lipoma is an uncommon tumor of bone with indistinct radiologic features that makes it diagnostically challenging to radiologists and pathologists.
  • There is a need to familiarize these physicians with the radiographic and pathologic features of this lesion for the correct diagnosis.
  • Plain radiographs of the long bones revealed well-circumscribed benign-appearing osteolytic lesions with sclerotic margins, whereas in the skull, a poorly defined lytic aggressive-looking lesion was observed.
  • Microscopically, mature adipose tissue with fat necrosis, absence of hematopoietic elements, and dystrophic calcification corresponding to the calcified matrix seen on the plain radiographs were seen.
  • The osteolytic skull lesion had large caliber thin-walled vasculature with occasional fibrin thrombi mimicking intramuscular hemangiomas of soft tissue.
  • On plain radiographs, an intraosseous lipoma is usually seen as a rather benign-appearing osteolytic bone lesion with well-defined margins and a heavily calcified/ossified dense matrix.
  • Plain radiographs alone cannot establish the diagnosis of intraosseous lipoma as it mimics several other benign and malignant bone lesions.
  • Intraosseous lipoma often contains calcified necrotic fat with little mature adipose tissue and characteristically induces expansion/remodeling of the affected bone.
  • [MeSH-minor] Diagnosis, Differential. Female. Humans. Magnetic Resonance Imaging. Middle Aged. Skull / pathology. Skull / radiography. Tibia / pathology. Tibia / radiography. Tomography, X-Ray Computed

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  • (PMID = 17870016.001).
  • [ISSN] 1092-9134
  • [Journal-full-title] Annals of diagnostic pathology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Ann Diagn Pathol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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92. Wang X, Pogue BW, Jiang S, Dehghani H, Song X, Srinivasan S, Brooksby BA, Paulsen KD, Kogel C, Poplack SP, Wells WA: Image reconstruction of effective Mie scattering parameters of breast tissue in vivo with near-infrared tomography. J Biomed Opt; 2006 Jul-Aug;11(4):041106
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  • [Title] Image reconstruction of effective Mie scattering parameters of breast tissue in vivo with near-infrared tomography.
  • A method for image reconstruction of the effective size and number density of scattering particles is discussed within the context of interpreting near-infrared (NIR) tomography images of breast tissue.
  • Then the method was used in NIR patient images, and it indicates that for a cancer tumor, the effective scatterer size is smaller than the background breast values and the effective number density is higher.
  • In contrast, for benign tumor patients, there is not a significant difference in effective scatterer size or number density between tumor and normal tissues.
  • The method was used to interpret magnetic resonance imaging-coupled NIR images of adipose and fibroglandular tissues, and it indicated that the fibroglandular tissue has smaller effective scatterer size and larger effective number density than the adipose tissue does.
  • [MeSH-major] Breast / pathology. Breast Neoplasms / diagnosis. Image Enhancement / methods. Image Interpretation, Computer-Assisted / methods. Infrared Rays. Refractometry / methods. Tomography, Optical / methods

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  • (PMID = 16965134.001).
  • [ISSN] 1083-3668
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of biomedical optics
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Biomed Opt
  • [Language] eng
  • [Grant] United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / P01CA80139; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / U54CA105480
  • [Publication-type] Evaluation Studies; Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural
  • [Publication-country] United States
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93. Alexaki VI, Notas G, Pelekanou V, Kampa M, Valkanou M, Theodoropoulos P, Stathopoulos EN, Tsapis A, Castanas E: Adipocytes as immune cells: differential expression of TWEAK, BAFF, and APRIL and their receptors (Fn14, BAFF-R, TACI, and BCMA) at different stages of normal and pathological adipose tissue development. J Immunol; 2009 Nov 1;183(9):5948-56
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  • [Title] Adipocytes as immune cells: differential expression of TWEAK, BAFF, and APRIL and their receptors (Fn14, BAFF-R, TACI, and BCMA) at different stages of normal and pathological adipose tissue development.
  • Adipose tissue represents a rich source of multipotent stem cells.
  • Our view of adipose tissue has recently changed, establishing adipocytes as new members of the immune system, as they produce a number of proinflammatory cytokines (such as IL-6 and TNFalpha and chemokines, in addition to adipokines (leptin, adiponectin, resistin) and molecules associated with the innate immune system.
  • In this paper, we report the differential expression of TNF-superfamily members B cell activating factor of the TNF Family (BAFF), a proliferation inducing ligand (APRIL), and TNF-like weak inducer of apoptosis (TWEAK) in immature-appearing and mature adipocytes and in benign and malignant adipose tissue-derived tumors.
  • We further report the existence of functional BCMA, TACI, and Fn14 receptors and their ligands BAFF, APRIL, and TWEAK on adipose tissue-derived mesenchymal cells, their interaction modifying the rate of adipogenesis.
  • [MeSH-major] Adipocytes / immunology. Adipocytes / metabolism. B-Cell Activating Factor / biosynthesis. B-Cell Activation Factor Receptor / biosynthesis. B-Cell Maturation Antigen / biosynthesis. Receptors, Tumor Necrosis Factor / biosynthesis. Transmembrane Activator and CAML Interactor Protein / biosynthesis. Tumor Necrosis Factor Ligand Superfamily Member 13 / biosynthesis. Tumor Necrosis Factors / biosynthesis
  • [MeSH-minor] Adipose Tissue / cytology. Adipose Tissue / immunology. Adipose Tissue / metabolism. Adipose Tissue / pathology. Cell Differentiation / immunology. Cells, Cultured. Humans. Tumor Cells, Cultured

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  • (PMID = 19828625.001).
  • [ISSN] 1550-6606
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of immunology (Baltimore, Md. : 1950)
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Immunol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Comparative Study; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / B-Cell Activating Factor; 0 / B-Cell Activation Factor Receptor; 0 / B-Cell Maturation Antigen; 0 / Receptors, Tumor Necrosis Factor; 0 / TNFRSF13B protein, human; 0 / TNFRSF13C protein, human; 0 / TNFRSF17 protein, human; 0 / TNFSF12 protein, human; 0 / TNFSF13B protein, human; 0 / TWEAK receptor; 0 / Transmembrane Activator and CAML Interactor Protein; 0 / Tumor Necrosis Factor Ligand Superfamily Member 13; 0 / Tumor Necrosis Factors
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94. Civit T, Klein O, Freppel S, Baylac F: [Mesenchymal orbital tumors]. Neurochirurgie; 2010 Apr-Jun;56(2-3):158-64
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  • Mesenchymal tumors grow from pluripotent mesenchymal cells that form the soft orbital tissue.
  • Tumors from muscle and adipose tissue are rare or exceptional, except rhabdomyosarcoma, described in the section dedicated to pediatric tumors.
  • Fibrous histiocytoma is benign in only 65 % of cases.
  • Fibrous solitary tumor is now better known (Ag CD34): this tumor is generally benign but frequently recurs.

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  • [Copyright] Copyright 2010 Elsevier Masson SAS. All rights reserved.
  • (PMID = 20227093.001).
  • [ISSN] 1773-0619
  • [Journal-full-title] Neuro-Chirurgie
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Neurochirurgie
  • [Language] fre
  • [Publication-type] English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] France
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95. Veinot JP: Cardiac tumors of adipocytes and cystic tumor of the atrioventricular node. Semin Diagn Pathol; 2008 Feb;25(1):29-38
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Cardiac tumors of adipocytes and cystic tumor of the atrioventricular node.
  • Lipomatous lesions of the heart and cystic tumor of the atrioventricular node are not common.
  • A pathologist will only rarely encounter these entities, and in the case of the atrioventricular node tumor, only if they examine the conduction system.
  • Most fatty lesions are not clinically significant; however, arrhythmias, blood flow obstruction, and valvular dysfunction may result from benign or malignant lipomatous tumors.
  • Cystic tumor of the atrioventricular node has been implicated in the causation of sudden cardiac death, and there has been much academic interest concerning its cell of origin.
  • [MeSH-major] Adipocytes / pathology. Atrioventricular Node / pathology. Heart Neoplasms / pathology. Neoplasms, Adipose Tissue / pathology

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  • (PMID = 18350920.001).
  • [ISSN] 0740-2570
  • [Journal-full-title] Seminars in diagnostic pathology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Semin Diagn Pathol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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96. Solak O, Esme H, Sahin DA, Aktepe F: Giant intraosseous lipoma of the rib. Thorac Cardiovasc Surg; 2007 Jun;55(4):273-4
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • Lipoma is defined as a benign tumor consisting of a circumscribed mass of adipose tissue.
  • Lipoma of the rib is an extremely rare disorder presenting diagnostic challenges.
  • [MeSH-major] Bone Neoplasms / diagnosis. Lipoma / diagnosis. Ribs

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  • (PMID = 17546564.001).
  • [ISSN] 0171-6425
  • [Journal-full-title] The Thoracic and cardiovascular surgeon
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Thorac Cardiovasc Surg
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Germany
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97. Mete O, Rotstein L, Asa SL: Controversies in thyroid pathology: thyroid capsule invasion and extrathyroidal extension. Ann Surg Oncol; 2010 Feb;17(2):386-91
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • Controversies surrounding diagnostic criteria that distinguish benign from malignant thyroid follicular lesions have been brought to the attention of this community.
  • Moreover, the presence of adipose tissue within the thyroid gland and its pseudocapsule implies that thyroid tumor within fat tissue cannot be accepted as a criterion of ETE by that thyroid carcinoma.
  • [MeSH-major] Connective Tissue / pathology. Thyroid Neoplasms / pathology
  • [MeSH-minor] Humans. Neoplasm Invasiveness. Neoplasm Staging. Prognosis. Thyroid Gland / anatomy & histology

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  • (PMID = 19949881.001).
  • [ISSN] 1534-4681
  • [Journal-full-title] Annals of surgical oncology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Ann. Surg. Oncol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Number-of-references] 26
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98. Naik V, Arsenovic N, Reed M: Eccrine angiomatous hamartoma: a rare multifocal variant with features suggesting trauma. Dermatol Online J; 2009;15(9):6
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • Eccrine angiomatous hamartoma (EAH) is a rare, benign cutaneous tumor characterized by proliferation of the eccrine gland elements closely associated with capillary angiomatosis and proliferation of other dermal elements, such as adipose tissue, hair and epidermis.
  • Clinically, this condition must be differentiated from other angiomatoses and a definitive diagnosis is based upon histology.
  • Eccrine angiomatous hamartoma is a benign slowly growing lesion for which aggressive treatment is not indicated.
  • [MeSH-major] Eccrine Glands / pathology. Hamartoma / diagnosis. Sweat Gland Diseases / diagnosis
  • [MeSH-minor] Adolescent. Diagnosis, Differential. Female. Friction. Hemangioendothelioma / diagnosis. Hemangioma / diagnosis. Hemangiosarcoma / diagnosis. Humans. Lymphangioma / diagnosis. Nevus, Blue / diagnosis. Skin / injuries. Skin Neoplasms / diagnosis

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  • (PMID = 19930993.001).
  • [ISSN] 1087-2108
  • [Journal-full-title] Dermatology online journal
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Dermatol. Online J.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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99. Chirieac LR, Dekmezian RH, Ayala AG: Characterization of the myxoid variant of hibernoma. Ann Diagn Pathol; 2006 Apr;10(2):104-6
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • Hibernomas are rare benign neoplasms composed of brown adipose tissue.
  • Histopathologic examination of the resected specimen revealed a multilobulated, tan-yellow, variegated tumor with a rubbery consistency that was separated by thick fibrous septa with interspersed collections of foamy histiocytes.
  • This report highlights recent advances that may help confirm the diagnosis and explain the differential diagnosis of this rare tumor.
  • [MeSH-major] Lipoma / diagnosis. Shoulder Joint
  • [MeSH-minor] Biomarkers, Tumor / analysis. Diagnosis, Differential. Humans. Immunohistochemistry. Male

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  • (PMID = 16546046.001).
  • [ISSN] 1092-9134
  • [Journal-full-title] Annals of diagnostic pathology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Ann Diagn Pathol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Biomarkers, Tumor
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100. Pérez Martínez J, Llamas F, López Rubio E, Serrano A, Salinas Sánchez A, Ruiz Mondéjar R, Virseda Rodríguez JA, Gómez Roldán C: [Giant adrenal myelolipoma: hypertension, renal failure and spontaneous rupture]. Nefrologia; 2006;26(1):132-5
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  • Adrenal myelolipoma is a rare, benign, slow-growing tumor composed of adipose tissue and hematopoietic elements.






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