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1. Kyprianou N, Vaughan TB, Michel MC: Apoptosis induction by doxazosin and other quinazoline alpha1-adrenoceptor antagonists: a new mechanism for cancer treatment? Naunyn Schmiedebergs Arch Pharmacol; 2009 Dec;380(6):473-7
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • Doxazosin and related, quinazoline-based alpha(1)-adrenoceptor antagonists can induce apoptosis in prostate and various other normal, benign, smooth muscle, endothelial and malignant cells.
  • These include various tumor cells, cardiomyocytes, endothelial cells and bladder smooth muscle cells.

  • Hazardous Substances Data Bank. DOXAZOSIN MESYLATE .
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  • (PMID = 19904527.001).
  • [ISSN] 1432-1912
  • [Journal-full-title] Naunyn-Schmiedeberg's archives of pharmacology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Naunyn Schmiedebergs Arch. Pharmacol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Grant] United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / R01 CA107575
  • [Publication-type] Editorial; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] Germany
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Adrenergic alpha-1 Receptor Antagonists; 0 / Adrenergic alpha-Antagonists; 0 / Antineoplastic Agents; 0 / Quinazolines; NW1291F1W8 / Doxazosin
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2. Dursun P, Salman MC, Taskiran C, Yüce K, Ayhan A: Retroperitoneal leiomyomatosis: a case report. Int J Gynecol Cancer; 2005 Nov-Dec;15(6):1222-5
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • Leiomyoma is the most common benign solid pelvic tumor seen in women.
  • It is most commonly located in the uterus and gastrointestinal tract, but it can originate wherever smooth muscle cells exist.

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  • (PMID = 16343219.001).
  • [ISSN] 1048-891X
  • [Journal-full-title] International journal of gynecological cancer : official journal of the International Gynecological Cancer Society
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Int. J. Gynecol. Cancer
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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3. Zarbis N, Barth TF, Blumstein NM, Schelzig H: Pecoma of the lung: a benign tumor with extensive 18F-2-deoxy-D-glucose uptake. Interact Cardiovasc Thorac Surg; 2007 Oct;6(5):676-8
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  • [Title] Pecoma of the lung: a benign tumor with extensive 18F-2-deoxy-D-glucose uptake.
  • Pecomas of the lung--which include the better known clear cell 'sugar' tumor--are a subset of extremely rare lung tumors which usually react positively to both melanocytic and smooth muscle markers.
  • Although widely presumed as benign in computed tomography (CT) and positron emission tomography (PET)/CT studies they depict as malignant, thus complicating the preoperative diagnosis.

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  • (PMID = 17670735.001).
  • [ISSN] 1569-9285
  • [Journal-full-title] Interactive cardiovascular and thoracic surgery
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Interact Cardiovasc Thorac Surg
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Radiopharmaceuticals; 0Z5B2CJX4D / Fluorodeoxyglucose F18
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4. Moench C, Burck I, Bug R, Bak YJ, Richter B, Schroeder R, Klarner A, Strey CW, Vogl T, Bechstein W: [Hepatic angiomyolipoma--a rare liver tumor]. Z Gastroenterol; 2008 Jan;46(1):54-7
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] [Hepatic angiomyolipoma--a rare liver tumor].
  • Angiomyolipoma of the liver is a rare benign mesenchymal tumour often mimicking other hepatic lesions.
  • Histological features are thick-walled blood vessels, mature fat and smooth muscle in various proportions.
  • The biological behaviour of the tumour is benign, although distant metastases are occasionally possible.

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  • (PMID = 18188817.001).
  • [ISSN] 0044-2771
  • [Journal-full-title] Zeitschrift für Gastroenterologie
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Z Gastroenterol
  • [Language] ger
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Germany
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5. Miyamoto H, Montgomery EA, Epstein JI: Paratesticular fibrous pseudotumor: a morphologic and immunohistochemical study of 13 cases. Am J Surg Pathol; 2010 Apr;34(4):569-74
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  • Stains for smooth muscle actin were positive in 11/13 (84.6%) cases, whereas desmin was positive in 4/13 (30.8%) cases.
  • Paratesticular fibrous pseudotumor looks histologically distinct from fibromatosis and inflammatory myofibroblastic tumor (IMT) seen in other organs, an assertion supported by negative stains for beta-catenin and ALK-1, respectively.
  • Although this lesion has different histologic patterns, presently it is not warranted to split it into 3 separate entities as all share the same clinical presentation, are biologically benign, and lack consistent immunohistochemical differences.

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  • (PMID = 20216379.001).
  • [ISSN] 1532-0979
  • [Journal-full-title] The American journal of surgical pathology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Am. J. Surg. Pathol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Biomarkers
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6. Furuya Y, Uchida K, Tateyama S: A case of glomus tumor in a dog. J Vet Med Sci; 2006 Dec;68(12):1339-41
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  • [Title] A case of glomus tumor in a dog.
  • The neoplastic cells were positive for alpha-smooth muscle actin and vimentin, and were negative for cytokeratin (AE1/AE3), desmin, factor-VIII related antigen, S-100 protein, and neuron specific enolase.
  • On the basis of these findings, this tumor was diagnosed as glomus tumor.
  • Since the present neoplasm had neither recurrence nor distal metastasis during the 12 month after surgical resection, the biological natures of the present neoplasm are supposed to be benign.

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  • (PMID = 17213705.001).
  • [ISSN] 0916-7250
  • [Journal-full-title] The Journal of veterinary medical science
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Vet. Med. Sci.
  • [Language] ENG
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Japan
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7. Wei T, Geiser AG, Qian HR, Su C, Helvering LM, Kulkarini NH, Shou J, N'Cho M, Bryant HU, Onyia JE: DNA microarray data integration by ortholog gene analysis reveals potential molecular mechanisms of estrogen-dependent growth of human uterine fibroids. BMC Womens Health; 2007;7:5
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  • BACKGROUND: Uterine fibroids or leiomyoma are a common benign smooth muscle tumor.
  • The tumor growth is well known to be estrogen-dependent.
  • Functional and pathway analyses of the twelve genes suggested multiple molecular mechanisms for estrogen-dependent cell survival and tumor growth.
  • [MeSH-minor] Animals. Databases, Genetic. Female. Humans. Myometrium / metabolism. Oligonucleotide Array Sequence Analysis. Rats. Signal Transduction. Tumor Cells, Cultured. Uterus / metabolism

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  • (PMID = 17407572.001).
  • [ISSN] 1472-6874
  • [Journal-full-title] BMC women's health
  • [ISO-abbreviation] BMC Womens Health
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Estrogens
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC1852551
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8. McCluggage WG, Boyde A: Uterine angioleiomyomas: a report of 3 cases of a distinctive benign leiomyoma variant. Int J Surg Pathol; 2007 Jul;15(3):262-5
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Uterine angioleiomyomas: a report of 3 cases of a distinctive benign leiomyoma variant.
  • The spindle cells were positive with smooth-muscle markers and negative with HMB45.
  • We believe angioleiomyoma should be recognized as a distinct entity and included in the World Health Organization classification of tumors of the female genital tract as a benign leiomyoma variant, similar to cellular and atypical leiomyoma.
  • Uterine angioleiomyoma has a close morphological resemblance to the similarly named skin tumor.
  • We review uterine smooth-muscle and other mesenchymal neoplasms in which prominent vascular channels are a feature.
  • [MeSH-minor] Actins / genetics. Actins / metabolism. Adult. Antigens, Neoplasm. Calmodulin-Binding Proteins / genetics. Calmodulin-Binding Proteins / metabolism. Desmin / genetics. Desmin / metabolism. Female. Gene Expression Regulation, Neoplastic. Humans. Melanoma-Specific Antigens. Middle Aged. Neoplasm Proteins / genetics. Neoplasm Proteins / metabolism

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  • (PMID = 17652533.001).
  • [ISSN] 1066-8969
  • [Journal-full-title] International journal of surgical pathology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Int. J. Surg. Pathol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Actins; 0 / Antigens, Neoplasm; 0 / Calmodulin-Binding Proteins; 0 / Desmin; 0 / Melanoma-Specific Antigens; 0 / Neoplasm Proteins
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9. Kandemir NO, Barut F, Ekinci T, Karagülle C, Ozdamar SO: Intranodal palisaded myofibroblastoma (intranodal hemorrhagic spindle cell tumor with amianthoid fibers): a case report and literature review. Diagn Pathol; 2010;5:12
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Intranodal palisaded myofibroblastoma (intranodal hemorrhagic spindle cell tumor with amianthoid fibers): a case report and literature review.
  • Intranodal palisaded myofibroblastoma (IPM) is a benign mesenchymal neoplasm originating from smooth muscle cells and myofibroblasts.
  • With Masson's trichrome, spindle cells stained as smooth muscle, whereas collagen staining was observed in homogeneous eosinophilic accumulations.
  • IPM is an uncommon neoplasm originating from the stromal component of the lymph node.
  • Although IPM is benign, it is frequently confused with metastatic lesions.
  • [MeSH-major] Lymph Nodes / pathology. Neoplasms, Muscle Tissue / pathology
  • [MeSH-minor] Actins / analysis. Aged, 80 and over. Biomarkers, Tumor / analysis. Cell Proliferation. Groin. Humans. Immunohistochemistry. Ki-67 Antigen / analysis. Lymph Node Excision. Male. Staining and Labeling. Vimentin / analysis

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  • (PMID = 20181136.001).
  • [ISSN] 1746-1596
  • [Journal-full-title] Diagnostic pathology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Diagn Pathol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Actins; 0 / Biomarkers, Tumor; 0 / Ki-67 Antigen; 0 / Vimentin
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC2829510
  • [General-notes] NLM/ Original DateCompleted: 20100524
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10. Capovilla M, Couturier J, Molinié V, Bruneval P, Vieillefond A: [Juxtaglomerular cell tumors: report of two cases with genomic analysis]. Ann Pathol; 2008 Oct;28(5):474-6
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • Juxtaglomerular-cell tumor (JGCT), first described in 1967, is a rare tumor of the kidney that derives from specialized smooth-muscle cells of the wall of the glomerular afferent arteriole.
  • JGCTs are considered benign, but the clinical follow-up has been short in most reported cases.
  • Only one metastatic case has been reported to date, raising the question of tumors of uncertain malignant potential rather than clearly benign neoplasms.
  • Thus, JGCT might be better considered as a tumor of uncertain malignant potential consequently requiring a prolonged follow-up.

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  • (PMID = 19068398.001).
  • [ISSN] 0242-6498
  • [Journal-full-title] Annales de pathologie
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Ann Pathol
  • [Language] fre
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] France
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11. Huang KH, Huang CY, Chung SD, Pu YS, Shun CT, Chen J: Malignant epithelioid angiomyolipoma of the kidney. J Formos Med Assoc; 2007 Feb;106(2 Suppl):S51-4
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  • Angiomyolipoma (AML) is a common benign renal tumor composed of thick-walled blood vessels, smooth muscle, and adipose tissue, but the malignant epithelioid variant is extremely rare.
  • The tumor cells were positive for human melanosome-associated protein (HMB-45) on immunohistochemical staining.
  • Epithelioid AML is a potentially aggressive tumor.

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  • (PMID = 17493897.001).
  • [ISSN] 0929-6646
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of the Formosan Medical Association = Taiwan yi zhi
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Formos. Med. Assoc.
  • [Language] ENG
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Singapore
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Antigens, Neoplasm; 0 / Melanoma-Specific Antigens; 0 / Neoplasm Proteins
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12. Dao LN, Scheithauer BW, Erlandson RA, Young WF Jr, Aidan Carney J: Divergent myoid, neuroendocrine, and perineural differentiation in a nasal tumor of a patient with Carney complex. Am J Surg Pathol; 2008 Jan;32(1):167-71
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  • [Title] Divergent myoid, neuroendocrine, and perineural differentiation in a nasal tumor of a patient with Carney complex.
  • Computed tomography showed bilateral thalamic infarctions and also an unsuspected multicompartmental cystic neoplasm that had eroded the anterior clivus and extended forward into the nasopharynx.
  • Histologically, the mass appeared benign and was composed of spindle cells and multiple foci of striated muscle.
  • Immunohistochemically, the spindle cells were strongly reactive for S-100 protein and to a lesser extent for CD57, collagen IV, neuron-specific enolase, smooth muscle actin, epithelial membrane antigen, and glut-1.
  • The striated muscle cells were positive for desmin and myogenin.
  • Ultrastructurally, the spindle cells showed divergent differentiation along several cell lines, including smooth muscle, neuroendocrine, hybrid smooth muscle-neuroendocrine, perineural-like cells, and striated muscle.
  • [MeSH-major] Neoplasms, Muscle Tissue / ultrastructure. Neoplastic Syndromes, Hereditary / pathology. Nose Neoplasms / ultrastructure. Perineum / pathology


13. Talati H, Radhi J, Popovich S, Marcaccio M: Hepatic Epithelioid Angiomyolipoma: Case Series. Gastroenterology Res; 2010 Dec;3(6):293-295
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  • : Hepatic epithelioid angiomyolipoma (AML) is a rare, benign, mesenchymal neoplasm found in both males and females, and most commonly encountered in adult females.
  • The tumor cells are strongly positive for homatropine methylbromide-45 (HMB-45) and smooth muscle actin by immunohistochemistry, which are the key markers for accurate pathological diagnosis.

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  • (PMID = 27942312.001).
  • [ISSN] 1918-2805
  • [Journal-full-title] Gastroenterology research
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Gastroenterology Res
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Canada
  • [Keywords] NOTNLM ; Adenoma / Epithelioid angiomyolipoma / Hepatocellular carcinoma / Liver
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14. Hanly AJ, Jordà M, Elgart GW, Badiavas E, Nassiri M, Nadji M: High proliferative activity excludes dermatofibroma: report of the utility of MIB-1 in the differential diagnosis of selected fibrohistiocytic tumors. Arch Pathol Lab Med; 2006 Jun;130(6):831-4
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  • CONTEXT: Dermatofibroma is a benign fibrohistiocytic tumor composed of a mixture of fibroblastic and histiocytic cells.
  • The diagnosis of this tumor is generally uncomplicated; however, rare variants may be difficult to distinguish from malignant fibrohistiocytic tumors.
  • DESIGN: We evaluated the immunophenotypic characteristics of 83 fibrohistiocytic tumors (36 typical dermatofibromas, 16 cases of dermatofibrosarcoma protuberans, 16 malignant fibrous histiocytomas, and 15 atypical fibroxanthomas) using antibodies against MIB-1 (Ki-67), factor XIIIa, CD34 (HPCA-1), HHF35 (muscle-specific actin), 1A4 (smooth muscle actin), cytokeratin (AE1/AE3, CAM 5.2, and 34betaE12), S100 protein, and desmin.
  • [MeSH-major] Histiocytoma, Benign Fibrous / pathology. Ki-67 Antigen / metabolism. Skin Neoplasms / pathology
  • [MeSH-minor] Biomarkers, Tumor / metabolism. Biopsy. Cell Nucleus / metabolism. Cell Nucleus / pathology. Cell Proliferation. Dermatofibrosarcoma / pathology. Diagnosis, Differential. Fluorescent Antibody Technique, Indirect. Histiocytoma, Malignant Fibrous / pathology. Humans. Immunoenzyme Techniques. Xanthomatosis / pathology

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  • [CommentIn] Arch Pathol Lab Med. 2008 Feb;132(2):160; author reply 160-1 [18251566.001]
  • (PMID = 16740036.001).
  • [ISSN] 1543-2165
  • [Journal-full-title] Archives of pathology & laboratory medicine
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Arch. Pathol. Lab. Med.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Evaluation Studies; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Biomarkers, Tumor; 0 / Ki-67 Antigen
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15. Yen TH, Chen Y, Fu JF, Weng CH, Tian YC, Hung CC, Lin JL, Yang CW: Proliferation of myofibroblasts in the stroma of renal oncocytoma. Cell Prolif; 2010 Jun;43(3):287-96
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  • OBJECTIVES: Myofibroblasts are a vital component of stroma of many malignant neoplasms, but it is not yet established whether stromal myofibroblasts also exist in benign tumours such as oncocytoma of the kidney.
  • Wnt/beta-catenin signalling was not implicated in this neoplasm, as there was no loss of E-cadherin membranous localization or expression of intranuclear beta-catenin in the cells.
  • Importantly, alpha-smooth muscle actin (SMA)-immunostaining established the myofibroblastic nature of many of the stromal cells.
  • CONCLUSIONS: Renal oncocytomas were composed of two independent compartments: benign oncocytes and pronounced fibrotic stroma, which consisted of proliferating myofibroblasts (SMA- and MIB-1-positive) which were associated with excessive deposition of extracellular matrix (periodic acid Schiff-component, collagen I-, collagen III- and fibronectin-positive, and desmin- and human caldesmon-negative).
  • [MeSH-minor] Aged. Biomarkers, Tumor / metabolism. Cell Proliferation. Extracellular Matrix / metabolism. Extracellular Matrix / pathology. Extracellular Matrix Proteins / metabolism. Female. Humans. Male. Middle Aged. Myoblasts / metabolism. Myoblasts / pathology. Neoplasm Invasiveness / pathology. Neoplasm Invasiveness / physiopathology. Stromal Cells / metabolism. Stromal Cells / pathology

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  • (PMID = 20412129.001).
  • [ISSN] 1365-2184
  • [Journal-full-title] Cell proliferation
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Cell Prolif.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Biomarkers, Tumor; 0 / Extracellular Matrix Proteins
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16. Takahashi Y, Shimizu S, Ishida T, Aita K, Toida S, Fukusato T, Mori S: Plexiform angiomyxoid myofibroblastic tumor of the stomach. Am J Surg Pathol; 2007 May;31(5):724-8
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  • [Title] Plexiform angiomyxoid myofibroblastic tumor of the stomach.
  • We report 2 cases of plexiform angiomyxoid myofibroblastic tumor of the stomach, a tumor entity that has not been described previously.
  • The tumor in case 2 was incidentally found at laparoscopic cholecystectomy.
  • The tumor caused gastric perforation in case 1.
  • Bland spindle tumor cells were observed, and they were separated by abundant intercellular myxoid matrix.
  • Immunohistochemically, the tumor cells were positive for alpha-smooth muscle actin and muscle actin, and negative for KIT, CD34, and S-100 protein.
  • Electron microscopic findings were consistent with the myofibroblastic nature of the tumor cells.
  • Although clinical follow-up data were insufficient, the histologic appearances suggested the benign nature of the tumors.
  • However, the tumor in case 1 caused gastric perforation and necessitated an emergency operation.
  • [MeSH-minor] Aged. Biomarkers, Tumor / analysis. Cytoplasm / ultrastructure. Diagnosis, Differential. Disease-Free Survival. Gastrectomy. Humans. Immunohistochemistry. Male. Middle Aged. Treatment Outcome

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  • [CommentIn] Am J Surg Pathol. 2008 Dec;32(12):1910-2; author reply 1912-3 [18824895.001]
  • [CommentIn] Am J Surg Pathol. 2008 Dec;32(12):1910; author reply 1912-3 [18824897.001]
  • (PMID = 17460456.001).
  • [ISSN] 0147-5185
  • [Journal-full-title] The American journal of surgical pathology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Am. J. Surg. Pathol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Biomarkers, Tumor
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17. Chiu YC, Lin JW, Changchien CS, Huang CC, Liu SY, Yi LN, Chiu KW, Wu KL, Chen YY, Chou FF, Hu TH: Clinicopathological characteristics and prognosis of patients with small intestinal stromal tumors. J Formos Med Assoc; 2005 Dec;104(12):905-12
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  • METHODS: A total of 82 surgically resected and pathologically diagnosed smooth muscle tumors of small bowel in patients treated from January 1986 to December 2000 were included.
  • Immunohistochemical studies were performed on these tumors with antibodies of CD117, CD34, smooth muscle actin (SMA), desmin and S-100.
  • Survival analysis demonstrated that tumor size < 5 cm (p = 0.021), mitosis number < 5/50 high-power field (p < 0.001), SMA-positive (p = 0.027), non-epithelioid cell type (p = 0.005) and tumor with skeinoid fibers (p = 0.010) predicted longer disease-free survival after operation.
  • Multivariate analysis revealed that mitotic number (p = 0.001), cell morphology (p = 0.031) and tumor size (p = 0.004) were independent prognostic factors.
  • SMA reactivity is a predictor of benign clinical behavior in SISTs.
  • Tumor mitotic numbers, tumor size, and cell type were independent prognostic factors for patients with SISTs after operation.

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  • (PMID = 16607447.001).
  • [ISSN] 0929-6646
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of the Formosan Medical Association = Taiwan yi zhi
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Formos. Med. Assoc.
  • [Language] ENG
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Singapore
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18. Mentzel T, Kutzner H: Dermatomyofibroma: clinicopathologic and immunohistochemical analysis of 56 cases and reappraisal of a rare and distinct cutaneous neoplasm. Am J Dermatopathol; 2009 Feb;31(1):44-9
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  • [Title] Dermatomyofibroma: clinicopathologic and immunohistochemical analysis of 56 cases and reappraisal of a rare and distinct cutaneous neoplasm.
  • Dermatomyofibroma represents a rare and distinct benign cutaneous mesenchymal neoplasm of fibroblastic/myofibroblastic differentiation.
  • Histologically, an ill-defined, plaque-like dermal neoplasm of varying cellularity was seen in all cases, composed of bland spindle-shaped tumor cells often oriented parallel to the overlying epidermis.
  • Immunohistochemically, tumor cells in 11 of 48 cases tested stained positively for alpha-smooth muscle actin, and a focal expression of this marker was noted in 20 cases.
  • Dermatomyofibroma represents a benign fibroblastic/myofibroblastic dermal neoplasm.
  • [MeSH-major] Histiocytoma, Benign Fibrous / metabolism. Histiocytoma, Benign Fibrous / pathology. Skin Neoplasms / metabolism. Skin Neoplasms / pathology

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  • (PMID = 19155724.001).
  • [ISSN] 1533-0311
  • [Journal-full-title] The American Journal of dermatopathology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Am J Dermatopathol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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19. Bauchet AL, Elies L, Maliver P, Fouque MC, Balme E, Château-Joubert S, Schorsch F, Fontaine JJ: A mammary gland adenomyoepithelioma in a C57BL/6 mouse. Exp Toxicol Pathol; 2008 Aug;60(4-5):307-11
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  • Mammary gland adenomyoepitheliomas are benign complex mammary gland tumors composed of neoplastic cells of epithelial and myoepithelial origins, described in many species (humans, dogs, cats, rats) and rarely in mice.
  • The tumor displayed characteristics of a benign neoplastic proliferation with a compressive growth pattern, and moderate cellular pleomorphism and mitotic index.
  • At immunohistochemistry, the epithelial cells were strongly cytokeratin positive; the myoepithelial cells were weakly cytokeratin positive and strongly smooth muscle actin positive.

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  • (PMID = 18467081.001).
  • [ISSN] 0940-2993
  • [Journal-full-title] Experimental and toxicologic pathology : official journal of the Gesellschaft für Toxikologische Pathologie
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Exp. Toxicol. Pathol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Germany
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20. Goh SG, Dayrit JF, Calonje E: Sarcomatoid eccrine porocarcinoma: report of two cases and a review of the literature. J Cutan Pathol; 2007 Jan;34(1):55-60
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  • We present two cases of sarcomatoid eccrine porocarcinoma associated with a benign poroma.
  • Case 1 pertained to an 82-year-old woman with an ulcerated chest wall tumor, and Case 2 was that of a 74-year-old woman who presented with an ulcerated plaque in the lower leg.
  • In both the cases, benign poromatous elements were histologically evident.
  • Epithelial membrane antigen and carcino-embryonic antigen positivity in the malignant ductal elements and focal smooth muscle actin staining of the spindle cells were demonstrated in Case 2.
  • [MeSH-minor] Actins / metabolism. Aged. Aged, 80 and over. Carcinoembryonic Antigen / metabolism. Female. Humans. Immunohistochemistry / methods. Keratins / metabolism. Mucin-1 / metabolism. Muscle, Smooth / metabolism. Sarcoma / pathology. Staining and Labeling

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  • (PMID = 17214856.001).
  • [ISSN] 0303-6987
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of cutaneous pathology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Cutan. Pathol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] Denmark
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Actins; 0 / Carcinoembryonic Antigen; 0 / Mucin-1; 68238-35-7 / Keratins
  • [Number-of-references] 31
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21. Solomon LA, Schimp VL, Ali-Fehmi R, Diamond MP, Munkarah AR: Clinical update of smooth muscle tumors of the uterus. J Minim Invasive Gynecol; 2005 Sep-Oct;12(5):401-8
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  • [Title] Clinical update of smooth muscle tumors of the uterus.
  • Smooth muscle tumors of the uterus represent a spectrum of diseases that range from benign leiomyoma to malignant leiomyosarcoma.
  • Clinically, it is important to fully understand the differences in clinical presentation, biologic behavior, and management for patients with benign leiomyoma, smooth muscle tumors of uncertain malignant potential, and leiomyosarcoma.
  • The goal of this review is to present the most recent information about common smooth muscle tumors of the uterus including their etiology, histopathology, radiographic and clinical presentations, and available treatment options.
  • [MeSH-major] Smooth Muscle Tumor / surgery. Uterine Neoplasms / surgery

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  • (PMID = 16213425.001).
  • [ISSN] 1553-4650
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of minimally invasive gynecology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Minim Invasive Gynecol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Number-of-references] 52
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22. Massoner P, Haag P, Seifarth C, Jurgeit A, Rogatsch H, Doppler W, Bartsch G, Klocker H: Insulin-like growth factor binding protein-3 (IGFBP-3) in the prostate and in prostate cancer: local production, distribution and secretion pattern indicate a role in stromal-epithelial interaction. Prostate; 2008 Aug 1;68(11):1165-78
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  • RESULTS: All cell types of a panel of benign epithelial, stromal and tumor prostate cells expressed IGFBP-3.
  • IGFBP-3 levels were increased in primary tumors but did not differ from benign epithelium in metastases and local recurrent tumors.
  • [MeSH-minor] Cell Communication / physiology. Cell Line, Transformed. Cell Line, Tumor. Coculture Techniques. Fluorescent Antibody Technique. Gene Expression Regulation, Neoplastic. Humans. Insulin-Like Growth Factor Binding Protein 3. Male. Myocytes, Smooth Muscle / cytology. Prostate / metabolism. Prostate / pathology. Prostate / secretion. Reverse Transcriptase Polymerase Chain Reaction. Transforming Growth Factor beta / pharmacology. Up-Regulation / drug effects. Up-Regulation / physiology

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  • [Copyright] Copyright (c) 2008 Wiley-Liss, Inc.
  • (PMID = 18459102.001).
  • [ISSN] 0270-4137
  • [Journal-full-title] The Prostate
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Prostate
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / IGFBP3 protein, human; 0 / Insulin-Like Growth Factor Binding Protein 3; 0 / Insulin-Like Growth Factor Binding Proteins; 0 / Transforming Growth Factor beta
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23. Miyake Y, Hirokawa M, Norimatsu Y, Kanahara T, Monobe Y, Ohno S, Miyamoto T, Yakushiji H, Sakaguchi T, Aratake Y, Ohno E: Mucinous breast carcinoma with myoepithelial-like spindle cells. Diagn Cytopathol; 2009 Jun;37(6):393-6
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  • Appearance of spindle cells has been believed as a benign index of breast cytology.
  • The spindle cells were located at edges of tumor cell nests and in the backgrounds of cytological specimens.
  • Immunoreactivity against vimentin, cytokeratin, or alpha-smooth muscle actin was, however, not observed.
  • The mode of distribution of biochemical markers suggests that the positive cells for anti-CEA antibody and anti-EMA antibody are tumor cells compressed by mucin, while the vimentin-positive cells are fibroblasts.
  • Discrimination of the spindle cells in mucinous carcinoma from myoepithelial cells and naked bipolar nuclei in benign lesions was established here.


24. Ozolek JA, Barnes EL, Hunt JL: Basal/myoepithelial cells in chronic sinusitis, respiratory epithelial adenomatoid hamartoma, inverted papilloma, and intestinal-type and nonintestinal-type sinonasal adenocarcinoma: an immunohistochemical study. Arch Pathol Lab Med; 2007 Apr;131(4):530-7
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  • The immunophenotype of the basal/myoepithelial layer has not been fully examined in benign glandular lesions of the sinonasal tract.
  • OBJECTIVE: To examine benign and malignant glandular lesions in the sinonasal tract for the immunophenotype of basal/myoepithelial cells, proliferation index, and cytokeratin and intestinal differentiation profiles.
  • DESIGN: Sinonasal adenocarcinoma (intestinal-type adenocarcinoma [ITAC] and nonintestinal type adenocarcinoma [non-ITAC]), REAH, IP, and chronic sinusitis (CS) were stained for cytokeratin (CK) 7, CK20, 34betaE12, CDX-2, p63, Ki-67, smooth muscle actin (SMA), S100 protein, and calponin.
  • In benign lesions, proliferative activity is limited to the compartments with p63 staining.
  • [MeSH-minor] Actins / metabolism. Biomarkers, Tumor / analysis. Calcium-Binding Proteins / metabolism. Cell Proliferation. Chronic Disease. Diagnosis, Differential. Epithelial Cells / pathology. Female. Homeodomain Proteins / metabolism. Humans. Immunohistochemistry. Immunophenotyping. Ki-67 Antigen / metabolism. Male. Membrane Proteins / metabolism. Microfilament Proteins / metabolism. Middle Aged. S100 Proteins / metabolism. Trans-Activators / metabolism

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  • (PMID = 17425380.001).
  • [ISSN] 1543-2165
  • [Journal-full-title] Archives of pathology & laboratory medicine
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Arch. Pathol. Lab. Med.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Comparative Study; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Actins; 0 / Biomarkers, Tumor; 0 / CKAP4 protein, human; 0 / Calcium-Binding Proteins; 0 / Homeodomain Proteins; 0 / Ki-67 Antigen; 0 / Membrane Proteins; 0 / Microfilament Proteins; 0 / S100 Proteins; 0 / Trans-Activators; 0 / calponin; 156560-97-3 / Cdx-2-3 protein; 68238-35-7 / Keratins
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25. Dzodic R, Stanojevic B, Saenko V, Nakashima M, Markovic I, Pupic G, Buta M, Inic M, Rogounovitch T, Yamashita S: Intraductal papilloma of ectopic breast tissue in axillary lymph node of a patient with a previous intraductal papilloma of ipsilateral breast: a case report and review of the literature. Diagn Pathol; 2010;5:17
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  • The presence of ectopic breast tissue in axillary lymph nodes (ALN) is a benign condition that must be differentiated from primary or metastatic carcinoma.
  • Immunostaining with a set of immunohistochemical markers including AE/AE3, alpha-smooth muscle actin and p63 in combination with estrogen and progesterone receptors confirmed the diagnosis of ectopic IDP.This case shows that even though benign proliferative change in ectopic breast tissue is an extremely rare phenomenon, this possibility should be taken into account for correct diagnosis.
  • [MeSH-major] Biomarkers, Tumor / analysis. Breast. Breast Neoplasms / pathology. Choristoma. Lymphatic Diseases / pathology. Neoplasms, Second Primary / diagnosis. Papilloma, Intraductal / pathology

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  • (PMID = 20222992.001).
  • [ISSN] 1746-1596
  • [Journal-full-title] Diagnostic pathology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Diagn Pathol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Biomarkers, Tumor
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC2841131
  • [General-notes] NLM/ Original DateCompleted: 20100609
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26. Craig WD, Fanburg-Smith JC, Henry LR, Guerrero R, Barton JH: Fat-containing lesions of the retroperitoneum: radiologic-pathologic correlation. Radiographics; 2009 Jan-Feb;29(1):261-90
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  • Retroperitoneal lesions represent a broad, diverse collection of entities; when they contain fat, the differential diagnosis, which ranges from benign to fully malignant lesions, substantially narrows.
  • Hibernoma is a rare benign soft-tissue tumor composed of brown fat.
  • Teratomas are neoplasms that originate in pluripotent cells--benign or malignant germ cells--that give rise to a wide spectrum of mature or immature tissues that are foreign to the location in which they arise and which demonstrate varying amounts of organ formation.
  • Myelolipoma, a benign tumor composed of mature fat and interspersed hematopoietic elements that resemble bone marrow, typically originate in an otherwise normal adrenal gland.
  • Angiomyolipoma is composed of varying admixtures of blood vessels, smooth muscle cells, and adipose tissue; any one or two of these elements may predominate.

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  • (PMID = 19168848.001).
  • [ISSN] 1527-1323
  • [Journal-full-title] Radiographics : a review publication of the Radiological Society of North America, Inc
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Radiographics
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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27. de Moraes Schenka NG, Schenka AA, de Souza Queiroz L, de Almeida Matsura M, Alvarenga M, Vassallo J: p63 and CD10: reliable markers in discriminating benign sclerosing lesions from tubular carcinoma of the breast? Appl Immunohistochem Mol Morphol; 2006 Mar;14(1):71-7
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  • [Title] p63 and CD10: reliable markers in discriminating benign sclerosing lesions from tubular carcinoma of the breast?
  • The immunohistochemical detection of myoepithelial cells in benign sclerosing lesions of the breast is useful in distinguishing them from tubular carcinoma.
  • So far, this detection has been carried out using antibodies against cytoskeletal proteins, such as alpha-smooth muscle actin (1A4) and calponin.
  • However, the specificity of these markers has been questioned since they may be expressed in stromal myofibroblasts and vascular smooth muscle.
  • The authors assessed the use of p63 and CD10 in the differential diagnosis between benign sclerosing lesions, such as sclerosing adenosis and radial scar, and tubular carcinoma, in comparison to the traditional myoepithelial markers 1A4 and calponin. p63, CD10, 1A4, and calponin were expressed in myoepithelial cells of all benign lesions and were consistently negative in all cases of tubular carcinoma.
  • In conclusion, p63 and CD10 may be used as a complement to 1A4 in distinguishing benign sclerosing lesions from tubular carcinoma of the breast.

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  • (PMID = 16540734.001).
  • [ISSN] 1541-2016
  • [Journal-full-title] Applied immunohistochemistry & molecular morphology : AIMM
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Appl. Immunohistochem. Mol. Morphol.
  • [Language] ENG
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Biomarkers, Tumor; 0 / DNA-Binding Proteins; 0 / Phosphoproteins; 0 / TP63 protein, human; 0 / Trans-Activators; 0 / Transcription Factors; 0 / Tumor Suppressor Proteins; EC 3.4.24.11 / Neprilysin
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28. Parikh P, Chan TY, Epstein JI, Argani P: Incidental stromal-predominant mixed epithelial-stromal tumors of the kidney: a mimic of intraparenchymal renal leiomyoma. Arch Pathol Lab Med; 2005 Jul;129(7):910-4
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  • CONTEXT: Mixed epithelial-stromal tumor of the kidney is a recently recognized benign renal tumor that usually occurs in adult women and typically forms a sizable lesion with solid and cystic areas.
  • RESULTS: All 3 lesions contained predominantly fascicles of smooth muscle mimicking leiomyoma, but they also had cellular subpopulations of smaller, müllerian-appearing stromal cells.
  • Although only the spindled smooth muscle cells were immunoreactive for muscle markers desmin and actin, both the spindled smooth muscle cells and the cellular müllerian-appearing stromal cells demonstrated diffuse nuclear labeling for estrogen and progesterone receptors.
  • CONCLUSIONS: Mixed epithelial-stromal tumor of the kidney may present as an incidental stromal-predominant lesion within the kidney.
  • [MeSH-major] Angiomyolipoma / diagnosis. Kidney Neoplasms / diagnosis. Leiomyoma / diagnosis. Neoplasms, Complex and Mixed / diagnosis. Neoplasms, Glandular and Epithelial / diagnosis. Smooth Muscle Tumor / diagnosis. Stromal Cells / pathology

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  • (PMID = 15974815.001).
  • [ISSN] 1543-2165
  • [Journal-full-title] Archives of pathology & laboratory medicine
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Arch. Pathol. Lab. Med.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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29. Kourda J, Ismail O, Smati BH, Ayadi A, Kilani T, El Mezni F: Benign myoepithelioma of the lung - a case report and review of the literature. Cases J; 2010;3(1):25
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  • [Title] Benign myoepithelioma of the lung - a case report and review of the literature.
  • INTRODUCTION: Benign myoepithelioma is extremely rare in the lung, to the best of our knowledge; only five cases have been reported in the literature.
  • No mitotic activity or necrosis was seen in the tumor.
  • Immuhistochemically, the tumor cells positive for smooth muscle actin, vimentine, and S100 protein.
  • The diagnosis of benign myoepithelioma of the lung is so confirmed.
  • CONCLUSION: Benign myoepithelioma is a rare pulmonary neoplasm distinct from pleomorphic adenoma, which should be considered in the differential diagnosis of lung nodules.

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  • [Cites] Radiology. 2005 Nov;237(2):395-400 [16244247.001]
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  • (PMID = 20180958.001).
  • [ISSN] 1757-1626
  • [Journal-full-title] Cases journal
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Cases J
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC2828429
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30. Berretta R, Rolla M, Merisio C, Giordano G, Nardelli GB: Uterine smooth muscle tumor of uncertain malignant potential: a three-case report. Int J Gynecol Cancer; 2008 Sep-Oct;18(5):1121-6
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  • [Title] Uterine smooth muscle tumor of uncertain malignant potential: a three-case report.
  • Based on the degree of cytologic atypia, mitotic activity, and other features, uterine smooth muscle tumors have historically been grouped into two classes: benign leiomyomas and malignant leiomyosarcomas.
  • However, this separation holds true more in principle than in practice because the tumor's biological potential may not always be determined with certainty, complicating diagnosis, and therapy.
  • We report three cases of patients with uterine smooth muscle tumors of uncertain malignant potential.
  • Uterine smooth muscle tumors of uncertain malignant potential may have an unpredictable clinical course and may metastasize to seemingly low-grade neoplasms in distant sites even after several years and even in the absence of important negative prognostic predictors, such as coagulative tumor cell necrosis.
  • [MeSH-major] Smooth Muscle Tumor / pathology. Uncertainty. Uterine Neoplasms / pathology

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  • (PMID = 17986240.001).
  • [ISSN] 1525-1438
  • [Journal-full-title] International journal of gynecological cancer : official journal of the International Gynecological Cancer Society
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Int. J. Gynecol. Cancer
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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31. Cobellis L, Pecori E, Rigatti F, Scaffa C, Rotondi M, Messalli EM: A rare case of female pelvic mass: angioleiomyoma of the broad ligament. Eur J Gynaecol Oncol; 2007;28(5):418-20
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  • Angioleiomyoma is a benign mesenchymal neoplasm composed of smooth muscle cells and thick-walled vessels.
  • Angioleiomyoma is a very rare tumor among the ever-expanding repertoire of growth variants described in benign uterine leiomyoma.
  • More rare is a solitary tumor of the broad ligament.
  • Thus angioleiomyoma of the broad ligament is an extremely rare benign tumor of the female pelvis.
  • The site of the benign mass was the left broad ligament of the uterus.
  • On pathologic examination of the specimen, the tumor was diagnosed as angioleiomyoma.
  • We present a case of angioleiomyoma of the broad ligament because of its extreme rarity and the large size of the tumor.

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  • (PMID = 17966227.001).
  • [ISSN] 0392-2936
  • [Journal-full-title] European journal of gynaecological oncology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Eur. J. Gynaecol. Oncol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Italy
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32. Merani R, Khannah G, Mann S, Ghabrial R: Orbital leiomyoma: a case report with clinical, radiological and pathological correlation. Clin Exp Ophthalmol; 2005 Aug;33(4):408-11
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  • Orbital leiomyoma is a benign tumour of smooth muscle origin that can be clinically, radiologically and histopathologically difficult to diagnose due to the rarity of leiomyomas in this location.
  • Leiomyoma is a tumour that is rarely found in the orbit most likely due to the paucity of smooth muscle in this location.
  • [MeSH-minor] Actins / analysis. Aged. Antigens, CD34 / analysis. Biomarkers, Tumor / analysis. Desmin / analysis. Diagnosis, Differential. Female. Humans. Immunohistochemistry. Magnetic Resonance Imaging. Ophthalmologic Surgical Procedures. Tomography, X-Ray Computed

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  • (PMID = 16033356.001).
  • [ISSN] 1442-6404
  • [Journal-full-title] Clinical & experimental ophthalmology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Clin. Experiment. Ophthalmol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Australia
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Actins; 0 / Antigens, CD34; 0 / Biomarkers, Tumor; 0 / Desmin
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33. Redman R, Wilkinson EJ, Massoll NA: Uterine-like mass with features of an extrauterine adenomyoma presenting 22 years after total abdominal hysterectomy-bilateral salpingo-oophorectomy: a case report and review of the literature. Arch Pathol Lab Med; 2005 Aug;129(8):1041-3
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  • Adenomyoma is a benign tumor composed of smooth muscle and benign endometrium.
  • The mass was pear-shaped with uterine-type smooth muscle and a cavity lined by functional endometrial glands and stroma.

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  • (PMID = 16048397.001).
  • [ISSN] 1543-2165
  • [Journal-full-title] Archives of pathology & laboratory medicine
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Arch. Pathol. Lab. Med.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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34. Takahara M, Ichikawa R, Oda Y, Uchi H, Takeuchi S, Moroi Y, Kiryu H, Furue M: Desmoplastic fibroblastoma: a case presenting as a protruding nodule in the dermis. J Cutan Pathol; 2008 Oct;35 Suppl 1:70-3
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  • Desmoplastic fibroblastoma is a rare, benign, soft tissue tumor.
  • Histological examination from total excision showed a well-circumscribed tumor in the dermis, which comprised of spindle, oval and stellate cells arranged in a haphazard fashion, accompanied by abundant collagenous stroma and inconspicuous vasculature.
  • Immunohistochemically, the tumor cells were positive for vimentin, and focally positive for alpha-smooth muscle actin and muscle-specific actin, but negative for CD34, S-100 protein, desmin and beta-catenin.

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  • [Copyright] Copyright Blackwell Munksgaard 2008.
  • (PMID = 18544056.001).
  • [ISSN] 1600-0560
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of cutaneous pathology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Cutan. Pathol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Denmark
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35. De Dominicis G, Boscaino A, Marsilia GM, D'Antonio A, Nappi O: Clear cell "sugar" tumors of urethra: a previously undescribed occurrence and review of published data. Urology; 2009 Sep;74(3):542-3
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  • Clear cell "sugar" tumor is a rare benign tumor considered as a member of the family of perivascular epithelioid cell tumors.
  • To the best of our knowledge, this is the first case of clear cell "sugar" tumor presented as a mass protruding from the urethra in a 15-year-old girl.
  • Pathologic examination revealed a tumor composed of epithelioid cells with "water" clear cytoplasm that stained positively for melanocytic and smooth muscle-specific markers.
  • Treatment of this tumor included a surgical excision and complete removal of the urethral mass, with examination of surgical margins.

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  • (PMID = 19589571.001).
  • [ISSN] 1527-9995
  • [Journal-full-title] Urology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Urology
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Number-of-references] 4
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36. Kratz KG, Santillan A, Gu M, Bristow RE: Radical surgical cytoreduction of progressive leiomyomatosis peritonealis disseminata: a case report. J Reprod Med; 2009 Jul;54(7):447-50
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  • BACKGROUND: Leiomyomatosis peritonealis disseminata (LPD) is an uncommon, benign smooth muscle condition of the peritoneal cavity that appears clinically as a metastatic malignant neoplasm.
  • Tumor response to megestrol acetate in vitro was evaluated and noted to be heterogeneous; therefore it was not given as adjuvant therapy.

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  • (PMID = 19691262.001).
  • [ISSN] 0024-7758
  • [Journal-full-title] The Journal of reproductive medicine
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Reprod Med
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] C2QI4IOI2G / Medroxyprogesterone Acetate
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37. Yu Y, Fuhr J, Boye E, Gyorffy S, Soker S, Atala A, Mulliken JB, Bischoff J: Mesenchymal stem cells and adipogenesis in hemangioma involution. Stem Cells; 2006 Jun;24(6):1605-12
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  • Hemangioma is a benign tumor of infancy whose hallmark is rapid growth during the first year of life followed by slow regression during early childhood.
  • We postulated that mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) reside in the tumor and preferentially differentiate into adipocytes.
  • These hemangioma-derived MSCs (Hem-MSCs) are similar to MSCs obtained from human bone marrow, expressing the cell surface markers SH2 (CD105), SH3, SH4, CD90, CD29, smooth muscle alpha-actin, and CD133 but not the hematopoietic markers CD45 and CD14 or the hematopoietic/endothelial markers CD34, CD31, and kinase insert domain receptor (KDR).
  • [MeSH-minor] Antigens, Neoplasm / metabolism. Cell Differentiation. Cell Proliferation. Clone Cells / pathology. Female. Granuloma, Pyogenic / genetics. Granuloma, Pyogenic / immunology. Granuloma, Pyogenic / pathology. Humans. Infant. Infant, Newborn. Neoplasm Regression, Spontaneous / pathology. Neoplastic Stem Cells / pathology. Skin Neoplasms / genetics. Skin Neoplasms / immunology. Skin Neoplasms / pathology. X Chromosome Inactivation

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  • (PMID = 16456130.001).
  • [ISSN] 1066-5099
  • [Journal-full-title] Stem cells (Dayton, Ohio)
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Stem Cells
  • [Language] eng
  • [Grant] United States / NIAMS NIH HHS / AR / P01 AR 048564
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Antigens, Neoplasm
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38. Fernandes BF, Castiglione E, Belfort RN, Codère F, Burnier MN Jr: Orbital leiomyoma: histopathologic and immunohistochemical findings of a rare tumor. Ophthal Plast Reconstr Surg; 2009 Jan-Feb;25(1):59-61
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Orbital leiomyoma: histopathologic and immunohistochemical findings of a rare tumor.
  • The tumor did not compromise other orbital structures.
  • Orbital leiomyoma is a slow-growing tumor that can be located anywhere in the orbit.
  • Posterior tumors are believed to originate from smooth muscle cells of vessel walls; anterior lesions may arise from the capsulopalpebral or Müller muscle.
  • Although there are no unique features that help the radiologist to exclude other benign lesions of the orbit, the histopathologic diagnosis using immunohistochemical markers is usually straightforward.
  • [MeSH-minor] Biomarkers, Tumor / analysis. Humans. Immunoenzyme Techniques. Male. Middle Aged. Tomography, X-Ray Computed

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  • (PMID = 19273932.001).
  • [ISSN] 1537-2677
  • [Journal-full-title] Ophthalmic plastic and reconstructive surgery
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Ophthal Plast Reconstr Surg
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Biomarkers, Tumor
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39. Gardini A, Dubini A, Saragoni L, Padovani F, Garcea D: [Benign solitary fibrous tumor of the pancreas: a rare location of extra-pleural fibrous tumor. Single case report and review of the literature]. Pathologica; 2007 Feb;99(1):15-8
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  • [Title] [Benign solitary fibrous tumor of the pancreas: a rare location of extra-pleural fibrous tumor. Single case report and review of the literature].
  • In this report we describe the case of a patient with a single primary solitary fibrous tumor of the pancreatic head with a review of the literature.
  • The tumour showed immunoreactivity for CD34, CD99, bcl-2, vimentin and smooth muscle actin.
  • CONCLUSIONS: Extra pleural solitary fibrous tumor are often benign lesions.

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  • (PMID = 17566307.001).
  • [ISSN] 0031-2983
  • [Journal-full-title] Pathologica
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Pathologica
  • [Language] ita
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; English Abstract; Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] Italy
  • [Number-of-references] 22
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40. Yahara T, Yamaguchi R, Yokoyama G, Yamaguchi M, Nakagawa S, Toh U, Shirouzu K, Kage M, Fujii T: Adenomyoepithelioma of the breast diagnosed by a mammotome biopsy: report of a case. Surg Today; 2008;38(2):144-6
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  • Adenomyoepithelioma is an uncommon primary breast tumor.
  • It is conspicuous for two elements of the tumor, namely, ductal and myoepithelial components.
  • Recently, a Mammotome biopsy, or stereotactic vacuum-assisted biopsy has become popular and various benign or borderline lesions are obtained.
  • Histologically, the tumor demonstrated a thick and bi-cellular growth pattern consisting of ducts and myoepithelium.
  • Immunohistochemically, epithelial cells were positive for cytokeratin AE1/AE3 and cytokeratin, epithelial membrane antigen (EMA), and carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA), negative for alpha-smooth muscle actin (alpha-SMA).

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  • (PMID = 18239872.001).
  • [ISSN] 0941-1291
  • [Journal-full-title] Surgery today
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Surg. Today
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Japan
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41. Bello IO, Alanen K, Slootweg PJ, Salo T: Alpha-smooth muscle actin within epithelial islands is predictive of ameloblastic carcinoma. Oral Oncol; 2009 Sep;45(9):760-5
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  • [Title] Alpha-smooth muscle actin within epithelial islands is predictive of ameloblastic carcinoma.
  • Ameloblastoma is the most common clinically significant odontogenic tumor.
  • It is considered benign but locally invasive and associated with variable clinico-pathological behavior.
  • Ameloblastic carcinoma is a malignant tumor having features of ameloblastoma in addition to cytologic atypia with or without metastasis.
  • We examined immunohistochemically Ki-67, epithelial membrane antigen (EMA), alpha-smooth muscle actin (alpha-SMA), calponin, p63 and DNA content using image (ICM) and flow cytometry (FCM) in three ameloblastic carcinomas and up to 18 SAs.
  • [MeSH-major] Ameloblastoma / pathology. Carcinoma / pathology. Mandibular Neoplasms / pathology. Maxillary Neoplasms / pathology. Neoplasm Proteins / metabolism
  • [MeSH-minor] Actins / metabolism. Calcium-Binding Proteins / metabolism. Female. Finland. Flow Cytometry. Humans. Image Cytometry. Ki-67 Antigen / metabolism. Male. Membrane Proteins / metabolism. Microfilament Proteins / metabolism. Mucin-1 / metabolism. Muscle, Smooth / metabolism. Muscle, Smooth / pathology. Netherlands. Retrospective Studies

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  • (PMID = 19150605.001).
  • [ISSN] 1879-0593
  • [Journal-full-title] Oral oncology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Oral Oncol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Actins; 0 / CKAP4 protein, human; 0 / Calcium-Binding Proteins; 0 / Ki-67 Antigen; 0 / Membrane Proteins; 0 / Microfilament Proteins; 0 / Mucin-1; 0 / Neoplasm Proteins; 0 / calponin
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42. Yaguchi C, Oi H, Kobayashi H, Miura K, Kanayama N: A case of intravenous leiomyomatosis with high levels of hyaluronan. J Obstet Gynaecol Res; 2010 Apr;36(2):454-8
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  • Intravenous leiomyomatosis (IVL) is a rare benign tumor.
  • The patient was diagnosed on the basis of the results of various studies, and the tumor was resected completely through a single-stage approach.
  • The intravascular tumor was 20 cm long, multinodular and rubbery.
  • Microscopic findings showed benign smooth muscle that was partly hyalinized and fibrous.

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  • (PMID = 20492407.001).
  • [ISSN] 1447-0756
  • [Journal-full-title] The journal of obstetrics and gynaecology research
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Obstet. Gynaecol. Res.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Australia
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 9004-61-9 / Hyaluronic Acid
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43. Renner SP, Strick R, Fasching PA, Oeser S, Oppelt P, Mueller A, Beckmann MW, Strissel PL: Single nucleotide polymorphisms in the progesterone receptor gene and association with uterine leiomyoma tumor characteristics and disease risk. Am J Obstet Gynecol; 2008 Dec;199(6):648.e1-9
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  • [Title] Single nucleotide polymorphisms in the progesterone receptor gene and association with uterine leiomyoma tumor characteristics and disease risk.
  • OBJECTIVE: Uterine benign leiomyomas result from proliferation of a single smooth-muscle cell and their growth is affected by steroid hormones via steroid hormone receptors.
  • This investigation analyzed the +331G/A and the V600L single nucleotide polymorphisms in the progesterone receptor, and correlated their incidence with clinical and tumor parameters as well as disease risk.
  • RESULTS: No correlation was found for both single nucleotide polymorphisms or the risk for developing myoma; however, statistical significant associations were found for single nucleotide polymorphism genotypes with specific clinical and tumor characteristics, eg, endometriosis, number of live births, menstrual cycle disorder, and leiomyoma focality.
  • CONCLUSION: Our findings support that specific genotypes in the progesterone receptor may be involved in tumor growth and metastasis but not in tumor initiation.

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  • (PMID = 18691687.001).
  • [ISSN] 1097-6868
  • [Journal-full-title] American journal of obstetrics and gynecology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Am. J. Obstet. Gynecol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Receptors, Progesterone
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44. Tardío JC: CD34-reactive tumors of the skin. An updated review of an ever-growing list of lesions. J Cutan Pathol; 2009 Jan;36(1):89-102
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  • The list contains benign and malignant neoplasms as well as reactive and hamartomatous lesions of diverse lineages of differentiation, including fibroblastic, myofibroblastic, fibrohistiocytic, vascular, neural, adipocytic, smooth muscle, hematopoietic, melanocytic and epithelial.
  • The CD34 expression plays a key role in the differential diagnosis of some tumors, such as dermatofibrosarcoma protuberans, epithelioid sarcoma or pleomorphic hyalinizing angiectatic tumor of soft parts, with important therapeutic consequences.

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  • [RepublishedFrom] J Cutan Pathol. 2008 Dec;35(12):1079-92 [18976402.001]
  • (PMID = 19125742.001).
  • [ISSN] 1600-0560
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of cutaneous pathology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Cutan. Pathol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Corrected and Republished Article; Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] Denmark
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Antigens, CD34
  • [Number-of-references] 171
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45. Rouquie D, Eggenspieler P, Algayres JP, Béchade D, Camparo P, Baranger B: [Malignant-like angiomyolipoma of the liver: report of one case and review of the literature]. Ann Chir; 2006 May;131(5):338-41
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  • Frequently found in kidney, angiomyolipoma is a rare mesenchymal tumor when diagnosed in the liver and usually benign composed of proliferative blood vessels, fatty tissue and smooth muscle.
  • We report the case of a 67-year-old woman who underwent a left hepatectomy for a 4th segment tumor unidentified after imaging and fine needle biopsy.

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  • (PMID = 16386232.001).
  • [ISSN] 0003-3944
  • [Journal-full-title] Annales de chirurgie
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Ann Chir
  • [Language] fre
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; English Abstract; Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] France
  • [Number-of-references] 16
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46. Zaitseva M, Vollenhoven BJ, Rogers PA: Retinoic acid pathway genes show significantly altered expression in uterine fibroids when compared with normal myometrium. Mol Hum Reprod; 2007 Aug;13(8):577-85
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  • Fibroids are benign neoplasms of myometrial smooth muscle cells (SMC).
  • Despite being the most common tumor in humans, their etiology is poorly understood.

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  • (PMID = 17553814.001).
  • [ISSN] 1360-9947
  • [Journal-full-title] Molecular human reproduction
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Mol. Hum. Reprod.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Comparative Study; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Isoenzymes; 0 / RBP1 protein, human; 0 / RBP2 protein, human; 0 / Retinol-Binding Proteins; 0 / Retinol-Binding Proteins, Cellular; 5688UTC01R / Tretinoin; EC 1.1.1.1 / Alcohol Dehydrogenase; EC 1.2.1.- / aldehyde dehydrogenase 1; EC 1.2.1.3 / Aldehyde Dehydrogenase; EC 1.2.1.36 / Retinal Dehydrogenase; EC 2.1.1.43 / Histone-Lysine N-Methyltransferase
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47. Cantisani V, D'Ambrosio U, Olive M, Marsecano C, Guerrisi I, Medvedyeva E, Maldur V, Di Segni M, Malpassini F, Pepe A, Bassetti E: Vascular leiomyoma presenting as medial joint line pain of the knee. J Ultrasound; 2009 Dec;12(4):163-5
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  • Vascular leiomyoma or angioleiomyoma is a rare benign solitary smooth muscle tumor that occurs mostly in the extremities.

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  • [Cites] Australas Radiol. 1999 Aug;43(3):353-4 [10901934.001]
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  • (PMID = 23396993.001).
  • [ISSN] 1971-3495
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of ultrasound
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Ultrasound
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Italy
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC3553096
  • [Keywords] NOTNLM ; MR / Subcutaneous tumors / US / Vascular leiomyoma
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48. Hisaoka M, Takamatsu Y, Hirano Y, Maeda H, Hamada T: Sebaceous carcinoma of the breast: case report and review of the literature. Virchows Arch; 2006 Oct;449(4):484-8
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  • Sebaceous differentiation has been described in only limited examples of benign and malignant epithelial lesions of the breast.
  • Microscopically, the tumor, arising in the right mammary gland of a 63-year-old woman, was composed of well-defined solid sheets or lobules of atypical epithelial cells including many large pale or clear cells with often scalloped nuclei and coarsely vacuolated cytoplasm, in which abundant lipid droplets were identified with oil-red-O staining.
  • Immunohistochemical expressions of cytokeratin, epithelial membrane antigen, and receptors of estrogen and progesterone were detected, whereas GCDFP-15, S-100 protein, vimentin, alpha-smooth muscle actin, p63, androgen receptor, and the HER2/neu protein were not expressed.
  • Besides, a subset of the tumor cells co-expressed synaptophysin, neurofilament, and PGP9.5, suggesting neuroendocrine differentiation that is a hitherto undescribed phenomenon in the mammary tumors with sebaceous features.
  • [MeSH-minor] Azo Compounds. Biomarkers, Tumor / analysis. Coloring Agents. Female. Fluorescent Antibody Technique, Indirect. Humans. Keratins / analysis. Mammography. Mastectomy, Modified Radical. Middle Aged. Mucin-1 / analysis. Receptors, Estrogen / analysis. Receptors, Progesterone / analysis

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  • (PMID = 16944238.001).
  • [ISSN] 0945-6317
  • [Journal-full-title] Virchows Archiv : an international journal of pathology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Virchows Arch.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Germany
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Azo Compounds; 0 / Biomarkers, Tumor; 0 / Coloring Agents; 0 / Mucin-1; 0 / Receptors, Estrogen; 0 / Receptors, Progesterone; 68238-35-7 / Keratins; G7S71FND9B / oil red O
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49. Brandal P, Busund LT, Heim S: Chromosome abnormalities in juxtaglomerular cell tumors. Cancer; 2005 Aug 1;104(3):504-10
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  • BACKGROUND: Juxtaglomerular cell tumors (JGCT; also known as reninomas) are considered benign tumors of the kidney, although there have been reports of both malignant behavior and a JGCT-related death.
  • METHODS: The authors reported the first karyotype of a JGCT and also performed comparative genomic hybridization (CGH) and interphase fluorescence in situ hybridization (IP-FISH) analyses on the above-mentioned tumor as well as on another JGCT from which live cells were not available for karyotyping.
  • The IP-FISH results were in accordance with the karyotypic findings for the first tumor, whereas Tumor 2 was found to be diploid for most investigated chromosomes, except for trisomy for chromosomes 4 and 10 and monosomy for chromosomes 9 and X.
  • By CGH, gain of chromosomes 10 and 20 but no losses were detected for Tumor 1, whereas for Tumor 2, gain of chromosomes 4 and 10 as well as loss of chromosomes 9 and X and most of chromosome arm 11q were found.
  • Both tumors were positive for vimentin and CD34, focally positive for smooth muscle actin, and negative for cytokeratin, CD31, and actin.
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Child. Chromosomes, Human, Pair 10 / genetics. Chromosomes, Human, Pair 11 / genetics. Chromosomes, Human, Pair 9 / genetics. Chromosomes, Human, X / genetics. DNA, Neoplasm / analysis. Female. Humans. In Situ Hybridization, Fluorescence. Interphase. Karyotyping. Nucleic Acid Hybridization

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  • [Copyright] (c) 2005 American Cancer Society.
  • (PMID = 15968688.001).
  • [ISSN] 0008-543X
  • [Journal-full-title] Cancer
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Cancer
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Comparative Study; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / DNA, Neoplasm
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50. Bajaj MS, Pushker N, Kashyap S, Sen S, Vengayil S, Chaturvedi A: Fibrous histiocytoma of the lacrimal gland. Ophthal Plast Reconstr Surg; 2007 Mar-Apr;23(2):145-7
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  • Fibrous histiocytoma, a primary mesenchymal tumor of the orbit, is known to arise from various ocular and adnexal tissues.
  • We are unable to find a published report of this tumor originating from the lacrimal gland.
  • We report a case of a benign fibrous histiocytoma of the lacrimal gland in an 11 year old girl who presented with painless, progressive eyelid swelling and mild proptosis.
  • The tumor was completely excised by anterolateral orbitotomy.
  • Light microscopy showed a spindle cell tumor arising from the lacrimal gland.
  • The tumor cells were arranged in a characteristic storiform (cartwheel) pattern with no pleomorphism or mitotic figures.
  • Immunohistochemically, the tumor cells were focally positive for CD-68 and negative for S-100, smooth muscle actin, vimentin, and CD-34, which ruled out neurofibroma, leiomyoma, solitary fibrous tumor, and hemangiopericytoma.
  • Based on these features, a diagnosis of benign fibrous histiocytoma was made.
  • [MeSH-major] Eye Neoplasms / pathology. Histiocytoma, Benign Fibrous / pathology. Lacrimal Apparatus Diseases / pathology
  • [MeSH-minor] Biomarkers, Tumor / analysis. Child. Female. Humans. Neoplasm Proteins / analysis. Tomography, X-Ray Computed

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  • (PMID = 17413632.001).
  • [ISSN] 0740-9303
  • [Journal-full-title] Ophthalmic plastic and reconstructive surgery
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Ophthal Plast Reconstr Surg
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Biomarkers, Tumor; 0 / Neoplasm Proteins
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51. Cosenza UM, Galati G, Zofrea P, Maggi S, Marasco A, Castelli M, Masoni L, Brescia A: Clinical and biological features of an intranodal palisaded myofibroblastoma. Anticancer Res; 2006 May-Jun;26(3B):2349-52
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  • Intranodal palisaded myofibroblastoma (IPM) is a rare benign tumor of the lymph nodes probably arising from smooth muscle-like cells.
  • The tumor is characterized by intranodal proliferation of spindle cells.
  • We report a novel case of IPM that confirms the myofibroblastic differentiation of the tumor.
  • [MeSH-major] Lymph Nodes / pathology. Neoplasms, Muscle Tissue / pathology

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  • (PMID = 16821615.001).
  • [ISSN] 0250-7005
  • [Journal-full-title] Anticancer research
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Anticancer Res.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Greece
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52. Pelosi G, Rosai J, Viale G: Immunoreactivity for sex steroid hormone receptors in pulmonary hamartomas. Am J Surg Pathol; 2006 Jul;30(7):819-27
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  • No data are available, however, on their expression in pulmonary hamartoma, a benign biphasic tumor consisting of reactive epithelial cells and neoplastic fibromyxoid stroma, cartilage and fat, which shares some morphologic, immunophenotypic, and genotypic features to pleomorphic adenoma of major salivary glands.
  • In most cases, fibromyxoid stroma and spindle cells surrounding the chondroid foci displayed simultaneous immunoreactivity for ERs, PgRs, and ARs, along with immunoreactivity for vimentin, S-100 protein, glial fibrillary acid protein, smooth muscle actin, and calponin but lack of staining for cytokeratins.
  • In conclusion, sex steroid hormone receptor expression is a nonrandom event in pulmonary hamartoma, and may be related to the development and growth of this tumor.

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  • (PMID = 16819323.001).
  • [ISSN] 0147-5185
  • [Journal-full-title] The American journal of surgical pathology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Am. J. Surg. Pathol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Biomarkers; 0 / Receptors, Androgen; 0 / Receptors, Estrogen; 0 / Receptors, Progesterone; 0 / Receptors, Steroid
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53. Tayal S, Suri V, Misra MC, Ray R: Myoepithelial carcinoma of soft tissue: a case report. Indian J Pathol Microbiol; 2007 Oct;50(4):761-3
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  • The distinct histopathological features included infiltrative margins, cytologically moderate to severely atypical epithelioid/spindled cells with prominent nucleoli, 3-4 mitoses/10HPF, tumor necrosis and lymphovascular invasion.
  • The myoepithelial origin was confirmed by positive immunohistochemical staining for S100 protein, epithelial membrane antigen and smooth muscle actin.
  • Recognition of myoepithelial carcinoma is clinically significant because compared to its benign counterpart, this has increased frequency of local recurrences and metastases that warrants a close clinical follow-up.

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  • (PMID = 18306544.001).
  • [ISSN] 0377-4929
  • [Journal-full-title] Indian journal of pathology & microbiology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Indian J Pathol Microbiol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] India
  • [Chemical-registry-number] EC 6.3.2.19 / MIB2 protein, human; EC 6.3.2.19 / Ubiquitin-Protein Ligases
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54. Arora R, Abou-Bakr AA, Ahmad MS: Intravenous leiomyomatosis of the uterus. Gulf J Oncolog; 2010 Jan;(7):57-9
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  • Intravenous leiomyomatosis (IVL) is a rare neoplasm characterized by nodular masses of histologically benign looking smooth muscle cells growing within uterine or extrauterine venous system.The exact etiology is unclear and benign histological appearance of neoplastic smooth muscles can be deceptive since IVL might behave in a malignant fashion.
  • Total abdominal hysterectomy and excision of any extrauterine tumor if technically feasible is the cornerstone of treatment.

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  • (PMID = 20164011.001).
  • [ISSN] 2078-2101
  • [Journal-full-title] The Gulf journal of oncology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Gulf J Oncolog
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Kuwait
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55. Ali AE, Fazl M, Bilbao JM: Primary intracranial leiomyoma: a case report and literature review. Virchows Arch; 2006 Sep;449(3):382-4
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  • However, histologically, the tumor had the characteristic appearance of benign smooth muscle.
  • Benign metastasizing leiomyoma was excluded by thorough imaging.
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Biomarkers, Tumor. Brain / pathology. Calmodulin-Binding Proteins / analysis. Cytoplasmic Vesicles / ultrastructure. Female. Humans. Intermediate Filaments / ultrastructure. Magnetic Resonance Imaging

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  • (PMID = 16896888.001).
  • [ISSN] 0945-6317
  • [Journal-full-title] Virchows Archiv : an international journal of pathology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Virchows Arch.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Germany
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Biomarkers, Tumor; 0 / Calmodulin-Binding Proteins
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56. Lazaarev AF, Avbalian AM, Bobrov IP, Klimachev VV, Mischenko EV: [Co-adaptation of enzymatic systems of cells and blood supply in smooth muscle tumors of the corpus uteri]. Vopr Onkol; 2008;54(5):606-10
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  • [Title] [Co-adaptation of enzymatic systems of cells and blood supply in smooth muscle tumors of the corpus uteri].
  • We investigated co-adaptation of enzymatic systems of cells using data on activity of NAD(Ph)-dependent enzymes and AgNOR proteins of vascular endothelium vis-a-vis angiogenesis in benign and malignant smooth muscle tumors of the corpus uteri.
  • Hence, metabolic profile varied in unaltered myometrium and tumor with variable cellular density and peculiar extracellular matrix.

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  • (PMID = 19069475.001).
  • [ISSN] 0507-3758
  • [Journal-full-title] Voprosy onkologii
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Vopr Onkol
  • [Language] rus
  • [Publication-type] English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Russia (Federation)
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Antigens, Nuclear; 0 / nucleolar organizer region associated proteins; 53-59-8 / NADP; EC 1.3.99.1 / Succinate Dehydrogenase
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57. Cui Y, Tian M, Zong M, Teng M, Chen Y, Lu J, Jiang J, Liu X, Han J: Proteomic analysis of pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma compared with normal adjacent pancreatic tissue and pancreatic benign cystadenoma. Pancreatology; 2009;9(1-2):89-98
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  • [Title] Proteomic analysis of pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma compared with normal adjacent pancreatic tissue and pancreatic benign cystadenoma.
  • BACKGROUND: Dual expression of potential biomarkers in both benign and malignant pancreatic tumors was a major obstacle in the development of diagnostic biomarkers of early pancreatic cancer.
  • METHODS: To better understand the limitations of potential protein biomarkers in pancreatic cancer, we employed two-dimensional difference gel electrophoresis technology and tandem mass spectrometry to study protein expression profiles in pancreatic cancer tissues, benign pancreatic adenoma and normal adjacent pancreas.
  • RESULTS: 21 spots were overexpressed and 24 spots were downexpressed in pancreatic cancer compared with benign and normal adjacent tissues.
  • Our study demonstrated that three candidate pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma biomarkers identified in previous studies, fructose-bisphosphate aldolase A, alpha-smooth muscle actin and vimentin, were also overexpressed in pancreatic cystadenoma, which might lower their further utility as biomarkers for pancreatic cancer.
  • Aflatoxin B(1) aldehyde reductase (AKR7A2) was confirmed to be only highly expressed in pancreatic cancer, not in normal adjacent pancreas and benign tumors.
  • [MeSH-major] Aldehyde Reductase / biosynthesis. Biomarkers, Tumor / analysis. Carcinoma, Pancreatic Ductal / metabolism. Cystadenoma / metabolism. Pancreas / metabolism. Pancreatic Neoplasms / metabolism

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  • [Copyright] Copyright 2008 S. Karger AG, Basel and IAP.
  • (PMID = 19077459.001).
  • [ISSN] 1424-3911
  • [Journal-full-title] Pancreatology : official journal of the International Association of Pancreatology (IAP) ... [et al.]
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Pancreatology
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't; Validation Studies
  • [Publication-country] Switzerland
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Biomarkers, Tumor; 0 / Chaperonin 60; 0 / Intracellular Signaling Peptides and Proteins; 0 / Nuclear Proteins; 0 / Oncogene Proteins; 0 / PARK7 protein, human; 0 / Vimentin; 117896-08-9 / nucleophosmin; EC 1.1.1.- / aflatoxin B1 aldehyde reductase; EC 1.1.1.21 / Aldehyde Reductase; EC 4.1.2.13 / Fructose-Bisphosphate Aldolase
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58. Coco DP, Hirsch MS, Hornick JL: Smoothelin is a specific marker for smooth muscle neoplasms of the gastrointestinal tract. Am J Surg Pathol; 2009 Dec;33(12):1795-801
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  • [Title] Smoothelin is a specific marker for smooth muscle neoplasms of the gastrointestinal tract.
  • Smoothelin is a smooth muscle-specific cytoskeletal protein exclusively found in differentiated smooth muscle cells.
  • This contrasts with other smooth muscle proteins (eg, h-caldesmon, alpha-smooth muscle actin, desmin, smooth muscle myosin), which are expressed in proliferative (early) stages of smooth muscle development and occasionally in other cell types (striated muscle, myofibroblasts, myoepithelial cells, pericytes).
  • Smoothelin has been shown to be expressed predominantly in visceral smooth muscle and to a lesser extent in vascular smooth muscle.
  • The purpose of this study was to determine whether immunostaining for smoothelin could help distinguish smooth muscle neoplasms from their morphologic mimics, particularly KIT-negative gastrointestinal stromal tumors (GISTs), desmin-positive GISTs, and desmoid fibromatosis.
  • Cytoplasmic expression of smoothelin was present in all 24 (100%) benign smooth muscle tumors (mural leiomyomas and leiomyomas of the muscularis mucosae).
  • Nuclear expression of smoothelin was not detected in any of the other tumor types examined.
  • In summary, diffuse cytoplasmic staining for smoothelin is highly sensitive and specific for benign leiomyomas of the GI tract.
  • These findings suggest that the extent and pattern of smoothelin expression may help differentiate between benign and malignant mesenchymal tumors of the GI tract, and may be useful in distinguishing leiomyomas from KIT-negative and/or desmin-positive GISTs.
  • [MeSH-major] Biomarkers, Tumor / analysis. Cytoskeletal Proteins / analysis. Gastrointestinal Neoplasms / chemistry. Muscle Proteins / analysis. Smooth Muscle Tumor / chemistry
  • [MeSH-minor] Cell Differentiation. Cell Nucleus / chemistry. Cytoplasm / chemistry. Desmin / analysis. Diagnosis, Differential. Humans. Immunohistochemistry. Neoplasm Staging. Predictive Value of Tests. Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-kit / analysis. Sensitivity and Specificity

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  • (PMID = 19950405.001).
  • [ISSN] 1532-0979
  • [Journal-full-title] The American journal of surgical pathology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Am. J. Surg. Pathol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Biomarkers, Tumor; 0 / Cytoskeletal Proteins; 0 / Desmin; 0 / Muscle Proteins; 0 / SMTN protein, human; EC 2.7.10.1 / Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-kit
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59. Cheng L, Bostwick DG: Atypical sclerosing adenosis of the prostate: a rare mimic of adenocarcinoma. Histopathology; 2010 Apr;56(5):627-31
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  • AIMS: Sclerosing adenosis of the prostate is a benign, small, acinar proliferation in dense spindle cell stroma, with a distinct immunohistochemical profiles.
  • All cases of typical and atypical sclerosing adenosis displayed an intact basal cell layer, which was immunoreactive for high-molecular-weight keratin, S100 protein, smooth muscle actin, and prostate-specific antigen, with no differences between ASA and the control group.
  • ASA is a benign lesion and aggressive treatment is unwarranted.
  • [MeSH-minor] Aged. Biomarkers, Tumor / metabolism. Biopsy, Needle. Diagnosis, Differential. Humans. Male. Middle Aged. Sclerosis

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  • (PMID = 20459573.001).
  • [ISSN] 1365-2559
  • [Journal-full-title] Histopathology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Histopathology
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Biomarkers, Tumor
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60. Man YG, Nieburgs HE: A subset of cell clusters with malignant features in morphologically normal-appearing and hyperplastic tissues. Cancer Detect Prev; 2006;30(3):239-47
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  • (1) a significantly increased frequency of focal disruptions in surrounding myoepithelial cell layers and the loss of estrogen receptor expression, (2) signs of stromal and vascular invasion, (3) distinct alterations in the cytoplasmic-nuclear ratio and nuclear shape, size, and polarity, (4) the expression of multiple malignancy-associated biomarkers, and (5) malignancy-associated nuclear changes in benign-appearing cells.
  • CONCLUSIONS: These changes are likely to reflect DNA structural abnormalities resulting from the disposition of DNA and RNA structural defects or cancer susceptibility genes that facilitate progression and invasion, or to suggest that breast tumor progression and invasion may not always follow the hypothesized sequences.
  • [MeSH-minor] Actins / metabolism. Cell Nucleus / metabolism. Cytoplasm / metabolism. DNA / metabolism. Epithelial Cells / metabolism. Humans. Immunohistochemistry. Muscle, Smooth / metabolism. Neoplasm Invasiveness. RNA / metabolism. Receptors, Estrogen / metabolism. Tumor Suppressor Protein p53 / metabolism

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  • (PMID = 16872754.001).
  • [ISSN] 0361-090X
  • [Journal-full-title] Cancer detection and prevention
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Cancer Detect. Prev.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Actins; 0 / Receptors, Estrogen; 0 / Tumor Suppressor Protein p53; 63231-63-0 / RNA; 9007-49-2 / DNA
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61. Akcali Y, Karahan OI, Kahriman G, Ceyran H, Balkanli S: Angiomyolipoma with cavoatrial extension. Eur Urol; 2006 Sep;50(3):605-6
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  • Pathologic evaluation revealed a tumor consisting of mature adipose tissue, smooth muscle and vessels consistent with angiomyolipoma.
  • Our case reminds us of the rare possibility that angiomyolipoma, which is classified as a benign tumor, may invade the inferior vena cava or right atrium.

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  • (PMID = 16828222.001).
  • [ISSN] 0302-2838
  • [Journal-full-title] European urology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Eur. Urol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Switzerland
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62. Wu RC, Hsieh YY, Chang YC, Kuo TT: Cellular neurothekeoma with melanocytosis. J Cutan Pathol; 2008 Feb;35(2):241-5
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  • Cellular neurothekeoma (CNT) is a benign dermal tumor mainly affecting the head and neck and the upper extremities.
  • The histogenesis of CNT has been controversial, although it is generally regarded as an immature counterpart of classic/myxoid neurothekeoma, a tumor with nerve sheath differentiation.
  • Immunohistochemical study with NKI/C3, vimentin, epithelial membrane antigen, smooth muscle antigen, CD34, factor XIIIa, collagen type IV, S100 protein and HMB-45 was performed.

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  • (PMID = 18190453.001).
  • [ISSN] 1600-0560
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of cutaneous pathology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Cutan. Pathol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Denmark
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63. Li T, Wang L, Yu HH, Sun HC, Qin LX, Ye QH, Fan J, Tang ZY: Hepatic angiomyolipoma: a retrospective study of 25 cases. Surg Today; 2008;38(6):529-35
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  • PURPOSE: We report our experience of diagnosing and treating hepatic angiomyolipoma (HAML), a rare benign mesenchymal tumor.
  • All tumors were composed of varying proportions of smooth muscle, adipose tissue, and blood vessels, and showed positive immunohistochemical staining for HMB-45.
  • [MeSH-minor] Adolescent. Adult. Antigens, Neoplasm / analysis. Female. Hepatectomy. Humans. Magnetic Resonance Imaging. Male. Melanoma-Specific Antigens. Middle Aged. Neoplasm Proteins / analysis. Prognosis. Retrospective Studies. Tomography, X-Ray Computed. Ultrasonography

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  • (PMID = 18516533.001).
  • [ISSN] 0941-1291
  • [Journal-full-title] Surgery today
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Surg. Today
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Japan
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64. Veit AC, Painter JT, Miller RA, Hardisty JF, Dixon D: Characterization of uterine granular cell tumors in B6C3F1 mice: a histomorphologic, immunohistochemical, and ultrastructural study. Vet Pathol; 2008 Sep;45(5):654-62
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  • The granular cell tumor is most often a benign neoplasm of uncertain origin.
  • Tissue sections were evaluated histologically and stained with hematoxylin and eosin, periodic acid-Schiff with diastase resistance, Masson's trichrome, toluidine blue, phosphotungstic acid-hematoxylin, and stained immunohistochemically with a panel of antibodies to muscle (desmin, alpha smooth muscle actin), neural (S-100, neuron specific enolase), epithelial (wide-spectrum cytokeratin), and macrophage (F4/80) markers.
  • The main histomorphologic feature of tumor cells was the presence of abundant cytoplasmic eosinophilic granules that stained positive for periodic acid-Schiff with diastase resistance.
  • Three tumors had positive to weakly positive immunoreactivity for desmin, and 1 was positive for alpha smooth muscle actin.
  • [MeSH-major] Granular Cell Tumor / veterinary. Uterine Neoplasms / veterinary

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  • (PMID = 18725470.001).
  • [ISSN] 0300-9858
  • [Journal-full-title] Veterinary pathology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Vet. Pathol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Grant] United States / Intramural NIH HHS / / Z99 ES999999
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Intramural
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ NIHMS103826; NLM/ PMC2691646
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65. Morgan MB, Purohit C, Anglin TR: Immunohistochemical distinction of cutaneous spindle cell carcinoma. Am J Dermatopathol; 2008 Jun;30(3):228-32
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  • The immunohistochemical battery consisted of S-100, desmin, CD68, and smooth muscle actin and cytokeratins P KER (keratins predominantly of molecular weight 56 and 69 kd) and low-molecular weight keratin (CAM 5.2), AE1/AE3, p63, and 34 beta E12 (CK903).
  • Spindle cell squamous carcinomas were negative for S-100, CD68, smooth muscle actin, and desmin with the exception of 2 cases with weak staining for smooth muscle actin.
  • The 3 AFXs were positive for CD68 and negative for all other stains, whereas the 3 leiomyosarcomas stained positively for desmin and smooth muscle actin and negatively for all other stains.
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Aged. Aged, 80 and over. Biomarkers, Tumor / analysis. Cicatrix / diagnosis. Diagnosis, Differential. Female. Histiocytoma, Benign Fibrous / diagnosis. Humans. Immunohistochemistry. Keratinocytes / chemistry. Keratinocytes / pathology. Keratins / analysis. Leiomyosarcoma / diagnosis. Male. Melanoma / diagnosis. Middle Aged. Predictive Value of Tests

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  • (PMID = 18496422.001).
  • [ISSN] 1533-0311
  • [Journal-full-title] The American Journal of dermatopathology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Am J Dermatopathol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Biomarkers, Tumor; 0 / CK-34 beta E12; 68238-35-7 / Keratins
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66. McKenney JK: An approach to the classification of spindle cell proliferations in the urinary bladder. Adv Anat Pathol; 2005 Nov;12(6):312-23
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  • Spindle cell proliferations of the urinary bladder are uncommon but may cause significant diagnostic difficulty resulting from the degree of morphologic overlap between clinically benign and malignant lesions.
  • This review discusses the nomenclature, morphologic criteria, and immunohistochemical features used to classify spindle cell proliferations occurring in the urinary bladder, including those with myofibroblastic, smooth muscle, skeletal muscle, epithelial (sarcomatoid urothelial carcinoma), fibroblastic, and neural differentiation.
  • [MeSH-major] Neoplasms, Muscle Tissue / classification. Neoplasms, Muscle Tissue / pathology. Urinary Bladder Neoplasms / classification. Urinary Bladder Neoplasms / pathology
  • [MeSH-minor] Animals. Biomarkers, Tumor / analysis. Carcinoma / chemistry. Carcinoma / classification. Carcinoma / pathology. Fibroma / chemistry. Fibroma / classification. Fibroma / pathology. Humans. Immunohistochemistry. Neurofibroma / chemistry. Neurofibroma / classification. Neurofibroma / pathology. Terminology as Topic

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  • (PMID = 16330928.001).
  • [ISSN] 1072-4109
  • [Journal-full-title] Advances in anatomic pathology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Adv Anat Pathol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Biomarkers, Tumor
  • [Number-of-references] 67
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67. McNab PM, DeMers NM, Schlauder S, Morgan M, Nasir A, Coppola D, Bui MM: Potential utility of CD5 immunohistochemical staining in the diagnosis of muscle tumors. Ann Clin Lab Sci; 2009;39(2):108-13
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Potential utility of CD5 immunohistochemical staining in the diagnosis of muscle tumors.
  • This pilot study evaluated CD5 expression in benign and malignant muscle tumors in comparison to normal muscle.
  • In some of these cases, non-neoplastic smooth muscle (10) and skeletal muscle (6) were identified adjacent to tumors.
  • In addition, 3 cases were retrieved for non-neoplastic smooth muscle tissue that was unrelated to any tumor.
  • CD5 was strongly and diffusely expressed in non-neoplastic skeletal (6/6) and smooth (10/10) muscle adjacent to tumor.
  • CD5 was also strongly and diffusely expressed in 3 cases of smooth muscle tissue not adjacent to tumor.
  • Leiomyomas (10/10) were CD5 positive but showed variable intensity within the same tumor.
  • In conclusion, this pilot study suggests that CD5 staining may be used to differentiate benign muscle tissue from malignancy.
  • Albeit our case series is limited, this study indicates potential utility of CD5 staining in diagnosis of muscle tumors.
  • [MeSH-major] Antigens, CD5 / analysis. Muscle Neoplasms / diagnosis. Muscle Neoplasms / pathology. Sarcoma / diagnosis. Sarcoma / pathology
  • [MeSH-minor] Antigens, CD / analysis. Humans. Immunohistochemistry. Leiomyoma / pathology. Leiomyosarcoma / pathology. Muscle, Skeletal / cytology. Muscle, Skeletal / pathology. Muscle, Smooth / cytology. Muscle, Smooth / pathology. Retrospective Studies. Rhabdomyoma / pathology. Rhabdomyosarcoma / pathology. T-Lymphocytes / pathology

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  • (PMID = 19429795.001).
  • [ISSN] 1550-8080
  • [Journal-full-title] Annals of clinical and laboratory science
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Ann. Clin. Lab. Sci.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Antigens, CD; 0 / Antigens, CD5
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68. Mills AM, Longacre TA: Smooth Muscle Tumors of the Female Genital Tract. Surg Pathol Clin; 2009 Dec;2(4):625-77
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Smooth Muscle Tumors of the Female Genital Tract.
  • Smooth muscle tumors are the most common among mesenchymal tumors in the female genital tract.
  • The vast majority of these neoplasms are clinically benign and easy to diagnose.
  • (2) increased mitotic index; and (3) tumor cell necrosis.
  • Certain benign smooth muscle proliferations may show worrisome histologic features or unusual growth patterns, causing concern for leiomyosarcoma.
  • This article discusses conventional smooth muscle tumors as well as unusual subtypes, with emphasis on the diagnostic criteria and problems in differential diagnosis that arise at each site within the female genital tract.

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  • [Copyright] Copyright © 2009 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
  • (PMID = 26838774.001).
  • [ISSN] 1875-9181
  • [Journal-full-title] Surgical pathology clinics
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Surg Pathol Clin
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Keywords] NOTNLM ; Atypical leiomyoma / Benign metastasizing leiomyoma / Disseminated peritoneal leiomyomatosis / Female genital tract / Intravenous leiomyomatosis / Leiomyoma / Leiomyosarcoma / Lymphangioleiomyomatosis / Ovary / PEComa / STUMP / Uterus / Vagina / Vulva
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69. Ricke WA, Ishii K, Ricke EA, Simko J, Wang Y, Hayward SW, Cunha GR: Steroid hormones stimulate human prostate cancer progression and metastasis. Int J Cancer; 2006 May 1;118(9):2123-31
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  • Untreated mUGM+BPH-1 TRs contained a well organized differentiated epithelium surrounded by smooth muscle stroma similar to developing prostate.
  • In [T+E2]-implanted mice, mUGM+BPH-1 TRs formed carcinomas that contained a fibrous connective tissue stroma permeating the tumor; smooth muscle when present was associated with vasculature.
  • Epithelial cells isolated from untreated mUGM+BPH-1 TRs exhibited benign histology and formed small nontumorigenic grafts when subsequently transplanted into athymic nude mice.
  • [MeSH-minor] Animals. Cell Proliferation. Disease Models, Animal. Disease Progression. Epithelial Cells / physiology. Humans. Male. Mesoderm. Mice. Mice, Nude. Neoplasm Metastasis. Prostate / cytology. Transplantation, Heterologous

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  • [Copyright] 2005 Wiley-Liss, Inc.
  • (PMID = 16331600.001).
  • [ISSN] 0020-7136
  • [Journal-full-title] International journal of cancer
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Int. J. Cancer
  • [Language] eng
  • [Grant] United States / NIA NIH HHS / AG / AG0026604; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / CA84294; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / CA89520; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / CA96403; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / CA97725-01; United States / NICHD NIH HHS / HD / HD007263; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CN / N01CN15114-MAO; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / U01 CA96403
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 3XMK78S47O / Testosterone; 4TI98Z838E / Estradiol
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70. Koletsa T, Karayannopoulou G, Dereklis D, Vasileiadis I, Papadimitriou CS, Hytiroglou P: Mesectodermal leiomyoma of the ciliary body: report of a case and review of the literature. Pathol Res Pract; 2009;205(2):125-30
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • Mesectodermal leiomyoma of the ciliary body is a rare benign tumor with double (muscular and neural) differentiation.
  • This neoplasm is considered to originate from the ciliary body smooth muscle, a neural crest derivative.
  • The tumor measured 1.2cm in greatest dimension, and consisted of spindle and ovoid cells with abundant fibrillary cytoplasmic processes.
  • Immunohistochemical stains revealed positivity for smooth muscle actin, caldesmon, neuron-specific enolase, and CD56 antigen.
  • A review of the 23 cases thus far reported in the literature shows a striking predilection for women, as well as significant difficulties in differentiating this tumor from malignant melanoma on clinical grounds.
  • [MeSH-minor] Adolescent. Adult. Biomarkers, Tumor / analysis. Child. Female. Humans. Immunohistochemistry. Male. Middle Aged

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  • (PMID = 18930601.001).
  • [ISSN] 0344-0338
  • [Journal-full-title] Pathology, research and practice
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Pathol. Res. Pract.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Germany
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Biomarkers, Tumor
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71. Capovilla M, Couturier J, Molinié V, Amsellem-Ouazana D, Priollet P, Baumert H, Bruneval P, Vieillefond A: Loss of chromosomes 9 and 11 may be recurrent chromosome imbalances in juxtaglomerular cell tumors. Hum Pathol; 2008 Mar;39(3):459-62
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  • Juxtaglomerular cell tumor (JGCT), first described in 1967, is a rare tumor of the kidney that derived from specialized smooth muscle cells of the wall of the glomerular afferent arteriole.
  • JGCTs are considered benign, but the clinical follow-up is short in most reported cases.
  • Only 1 metastatic case has been reported to date, raising the question of tumors of uncertain malignant potential rather than clearly benign neoplasms.
  • Thus, JGCT might be better considered as a tumor of uncertain malignant potential and then necessitates a prolonged follow-up.

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  • (PMID = 18261631.001).
  • [ISSN] 0046-8177
  • [Journal-full-title] Human pathology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Hum. Pathol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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72. Bouchelouche K, Alvarez S, Horn T, Nordling J, Bouchelouche P: Human detrusor smooth muscle cells release interleukin-6, interleukin-8, and RANTES in response to proinflammatory cytokines interleukin-1beta and tumor necrosis factor-alpha. Urology; 2006 Jan;67(1):214-9
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  • [Title] Human detrusor smooth muscle cells release interleukin-6, interleukin-8, and RANTES in response to proinflammatory cytokines interleukin-1beta and tumor necrosis factor-alpha.
  • OBJECTIVES: Recently, we have demonstrated that human detrusor smooth muscle cells in culture secrete the chemokine monocyte chemoattractant protein 1.
  • In the present study, we extended these studies to include the effect of the proinflammatory cytokines tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-alpha and interleukin (IL)-1beta on IL-8, IL-6, and RANTES (regulated on activation, normal T cell expressed and secreted) release by human detrusor smooth muscle cells (HDSMCs) and examined their regulation.
  • METHODS: With ethical approval, detrusor muscle biopsies were obtained from patients with benign noninvasive bladder diseases undergoing control cystoscopy.
  • The new evidence that HDSMCs secrete immunomodulatory proteins makes the detrusor muscle cell a target for anti-inflammatory therapy.
  • [MeSH-major] Chemokine CCL5 / secretion. Interleukin-1 / physiology. Interleukin-6 / secretion. Interleukin-8 / secretion. Muscle, Smooth / cytology. Muscle, Smooth / secretion. Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha / physiology. Urinary Bladder / cytology. Urinary Bladder / secretion

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  • (PMID = 16413378.001).
  • [ISSN] 1527-9995
  • [Journal-full-title] Urology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Urology
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Chemokine CCL5; 0 / Interleukin-1; 0 / Interleukin-6; 0 / Interleukin-8; 0 / Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha
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73. Yang Y, Nie X, Lu J, Lu XY, Wei YY, Wang H, Han ZH, Chen ZH, Zheng J: [Mixed epithelial and stromal tumor of kidney]. Zhonghua Bing Li Xue Za Zhi; 2006 Jan;35(1):29-31
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  • [Title] [Mixed epithelial and stromal tumor of kidney].
  • OBJECTIVE: To study the clinicopathological features and differential diagnoses of mixed epithelial and stromal tumor of the kidney.
  • METHODS: Clinical and pathological characteristics of 4 cases of mixed epithelial and stromal tumor of the kidney were studied.
  • Stromal elements essentially consisted of spindle cells, with thick-walled blood vessels and bands of smooth muscle cells as distinctive features of the tumor.
  • CONCLUSIONS: Mixed epithelial and stromal tumor of the kidney is a benign neoplasm with distinct histopathological features.
  • [MeSH-minor] Actins / metabolism. Adult. Diagnosis, Differential. Female. Follow-Up Studies. Humans. Male. Middle Aged. Muscle, Smooth / metabolism. Nephrectomy / methods. Receptors, Estrogen / metabolism. Receptors, Progesterone / metabolism

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  • (PMID = 16608646.001).
  • [ISSN] 0529-5807
  • [Journal-full-title] Zhonghua bing li xue za zhi = Chinese journal of pathology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Zhonghua Bing Li Xue Za Zhi
  • [Language] chi
  • [Publication-type] English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] China
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Actins; 0 / Receptors, Estrogen; 0 / Receptors, Progesterone
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74. Bodner-Adler B, Bartl M, Wagner G: Intravenous leiomyomatosis of the uterus with pulmonary metastases or a case with benign metastasizing leiomyoma? Anticancer Res; 2009 Feb;29(2):495-6
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  • [Title] Intravenous leiomyomatosis of the uterus with pulmonary metastases or a case with benign metastasizing leiomyoma?
  • BACKGROUND: Intravenous leiomyomatosis (IVL) is defined as an intraluminal growth of benign smooth muscle cells in either venous or lymphatic vessels outside the confines or even in the absence of leiomyomas.
  • Benign metastasizing uterine leiomyoma is defined as a histologically benign uterine smooth muscle tumor that acts in a somewhat malignant fashion and produces benign metastases.
  • CONCLUSION: Though intravenous leiomyomatosis imitates a malignant neoplasm concerning the pattern of growth and extension, and benign metastasizing leiomyoma produces benign metastases, they must be differentiated histologically from malignant tumors to prevent overtreatment.


75. Wachter DL, Büttner MJ, Grimm K, Hartmann A, Agaimy A: Leiomyoma of the gallbladder: a case report with review of the literature and discussion of the differential diagnosis. J Clin Pathol; 2010 Feb;63(2):177-9
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • To our knowledge, only a few patients with multiple Epstein-Barr virus (EBV)-associated smooth muscle tumours of the gallbladder in the setting of immunodeficiency have been reported in the English literature, but no single case of conventional leiomyoma has been well documented to date.
  • Histology and immunohistochemistry were consistent with a benign smooth muscle neoplasm that is very similar to conventional uterine leiomyoma.

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  • (PMID = 20154041.001).
  • [ISSN] 1472-4146
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of clinical pathology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Clin. Pathol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Number-of-references] 10
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76. Emanuel P, Pertsemlidis DS, Gordon R, Xu R: Benign hybrid perineurioma-schwannoma in the colon. A case report. Ann Diagn Pathol; 2006 Dec;10(6):367-70
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  • [Title] Benign hybrid perineurioma-schwannoma in the colon. A case report.
  • Immunohistochemistry revealed patchy positivity for epithelial membrane antigen, CD34, vimentin, diffuse positivity for S-100, and negativity for CD117, cytokeratin (AE1/AE3), ALK1, desmin, smooth muscle actin, neuronal nuclei antigen (NeuN), and neurofilament protein.
  • Based upon the histopathology, immunophenotype, and ultrastructure, this tumor was classified as a benign hybrid perineurioma-schwannoma, a counterpart to the tumor described in the soft tissue.
  • [MeSH-minor] Anastomosis, Surgical. Biomarkers, Tumor / analysis. Colon / surgery. Humans. Male. Middle Aged. Tomography, X-Ray Computed. Treatment Outcome


77. Attila T, Chen D, Gardiner GW, Ptak TW, Marcon NE: Gastric calcifying fibrous tumor. Can J Gastroenterol; 2006 Jul;20(7):487-9
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  • [Title] Gastric calcifying fibrous tumor.
  • Intramucosal gastric tumours are most commonly found to be gastrointestinal stromal tumours or leiomyomas (smooth muscle tumours); however, a variety of other uncommon mesenchymal tumours can occur in the stomach wall.
  • A rare benign calcifying fibrous tumour is reported and the endoscopic appearance, ultrasound findings and morphology are documented.

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  • (PMID = 16858502.001).
  • [ISSN] 0835-7900
  • [Journal-full-title] Canadian journal of gastroenterology = Journal canadien de gastroenterologie
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Can. J. Gastroenterol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Canada
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC2659917
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78. Kan H, Suzuki H, Shinji S, Naito Z, Furukawa K, Tajiri T: Case of an inflammatory fibroid polyp of the cecum. J Nippon Med Sch; 2008 Jun;75(3):181-6
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  • An inflammatory fibroid polyp (IFP) is a rare benign lesion, originating in the submucosa of the gastrointestinal tract.
  • The lesion was diagnosed to be a submucosal tumor.
  • Immunohistochemical staining of the spindle-shaped cells, which were present around the small vessels in the stroma of the tumor, showed that the tissue expressed vimentin but not alpha-smooth muscle actin, desmin, S-100, c-kit or CD 34.

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  • (PMID = 18648178.001).
  • [ISSN] 1345-4676
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of Nippon Medical School = Nippon Ika Daigaku zasshi
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Nippon Med Sch
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Japan
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79. Tamai K, Togashi K, Ito T, Morisawa N, Fujiwara T, Koyama T: MR imaging findings of adenomyosis: correlation with histopathologic features and diagnostic pitfalls. Radiographics; 2005 Jan-Feb;25(1):21-40
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • Adenomyosis is a nonneoplastic condition, characterized by benign invasion of ectopic endometrium into the myometrium with hyperplasia of adjacent smooth muscle.
  • Furthermore, malignancy occasionally develops in otherwise benign adenomyosis.
  • Pitfalls in diagnosis of adenomyosis include myometrial contractions, leiomyoma, adenomatoid tumor, metastases, endometrial carcinoma, and endometrial stromal sarcoma.

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  • [Copyright] (c) RSNA, 2005.
  • (PMID = 15653584.001).
  • [ISSN] 1527-1323
  • [Journal-full-title] Radiographics : a review publication of the Radiological Society of North America, Inc
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Radiographics
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Number-of-references] 32
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80. Pitukkijronnakorn S, Leelachaikul P, Chittacharoen A: Labial leiomyoma: a case report. J Med Assoc Thai; 2005 Jan;88(1):118-9
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • Leiomyoma is normally a benign smooth muscle tumor and behaves as a hormone sensitive tumor Leiomyomas develop during the reproductive age and regress after menopause.

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  • (PMID = 15960230.001).
  • [ISSN] 0125-2208
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of the Medical Association of Thailand = Chotmaihet thangphaet
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Med Assoc Thai
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Thailand
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81. Arsenovic N, Sen S, Naik V, Reed M, Moreira R: Trichilemmal cyst with carcinoma in situ within an atypical fibroxanthoma. Am J Dermatopathol; 2009 Aug;31(6):587-90
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • The cells stained positively with CD10 and CD68 and weakly with smooth muscle actin.
  • However, the tumor was negative for cytokeratins (AE1/AE3), epithelial membrane antigen (EMA), S100, Melan A, HMB45, leukocyte common antigen (LCA), desmin, and CD31.
  • [MeSH-major] Carcinoma in Situ / pathology. Epidermal Cyst / pathology. Histiocytoma, Benign Fibrous / pathology. Neoplasms, Multiple Primary / pathology. Skin Neoplasms / pathology
  • [MeSH-minor] Aged, 80 and over. Biomarkers, Tumor / analysis. Female. Humans. Immunohistochemistry. Skin Diseases / metabolism. Skin Diseases / pathology

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  • (PMID = 19590414.001).
  • [ISSN] 1533-0311
  • [Journal-full-title] The American Journal of dermatopathology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Am J Dermatopathol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Biomarkers, Tumor
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82. Bilyeu SP, Bilyeu JD, Parthasarathy R: Intravenous lipoleiomyomatosis. Clin Imaging; 2006 Sep-Oct;30(5):361-4
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • Intravenous lipoleiomyomatosis (LPL) is a rare benign tumor composed of fat and smooth muscle.
  • [MeSH-minor] Female. Heart Atria / pathology. Heart Atria / surgery. Humans. Magnetic Resonance Imaging. Middle Aged. Neoplasm Invasiveness. Pulmonary Artery / pathology. Pulmonary Artery / surgery. Tomography, X-Ray Computed

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  • (PMID = 16919562.001).
  • [ISSN] 0899-7071
  • [Journal-full-title] Clinical imaging
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Clin Imaging
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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83. Hoetzenecker K, Ankersmit HJ, Aigner C, Lichtenauer M, Kreuzer S, Hacker S, Hoetzenecker W, Lang G, Klepetko W: Consequences of a wait-and-see strategy for benign metastasizing leiomyomatosis of the lung. Ann Thorac Surg; 2009 Feb;87(2):613-4
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  • [Title] Consequences of a wait-and-see strategy for benign metastasizing leiomyomatosis of the lung.
  • Pulmonary benign metastasizing leiomyomatosis (BML) is a rare smooth-muscle cell disorder of the lung.
  • We conclude that a wait-and-see procedure for BML is feasible, but primary resection of the BML tumor masses is preferable to avoid complications as described in our case.

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  • (PMID = 19161793.001).
  • [ISSN] 1552-6259
  • [Journal-full-title] The Annals of thoracic surgery
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Ann. Thorac. Surg.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Netherlands
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84. Cohen DT, Oliva E, Hahn PF, Fuller AF Jr, Lee SI: Uterine smooth-muscle tumors with unusual growth patterns: imaging with pathologic correlation. AJR Am J Roentgenol; 2007 Jan;188(1):246-55
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  • [Title] Uterine smooth-muscle tumors with unusual growth patterns: imaging with pathologic correlation.
  • OBJECTIVE: This essay illustrates the salient features of variant smooth-muscle tumors on multiple imaging techniques with correlative pathology.
  • CONCLUSION: Parasitic leiomyoma, intravenous leiomyomatosis, disseminated peritoneal leiomyomatosis, and benign metastasizing leiomyoma show key features on multiple imaging techniques that correlate with pathology findings.
  • In the appropriate clinical setting, the radiologist should include these unusual lesions in the broader differential diagnosis of smooth-muscle tumors and, in certain cases, aid in surgical planning.
  • [MeSH-major] Diagnostic Imaging / methods. Image Enhancement / methods. Leiomyoma / diagnosis. Smooth Muscle Tumor / diagnosis. Uterine Neoplasms / diagnosis

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  • (PMID = 17179374.001).
  • [ISSN] 1546-3141
  • [Journal-full-title] AJR. American journal of roentgenology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] AJR Am J Roentgenol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Number-of-references] 7
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85. Lanza A, Moscariello A, Villani R, Colella G: Glomus tumor of the lower lip. A case report. Minerva Stomatol; 2005 Nov-Dec;54(11-12):687-90
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  • [Title] Glomus tumor of the lower lip. A case report.
  • A glomus tumor is a benign neoplasm originating from the modified smooth muscle cells of the vascular glomus.
  • This neoplasm was firstly considered by Masson in 1924, and generally it has a solitary lesions but in some cases multiple lesions were described.
  • The clinical case of a 65-year-old man with a glomus tumor of the lower lip is described.
  • [MeSH-major] Glomus Tumor / pathology. Lip Neoplasms / pathology

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  • (PMID = 16456522.001).
  • [ISSN] 0026-4970
  • [Journal-full-title] Minerva stomatologica
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Minerva Stomatol
  • [Language] eng; ita
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Italy
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86. Vujevich JJ, Goldberg LH, Kimyai-Asadi A, Law R: Recurrent nodule on the nasal columella: a good reason to re-biopsy. Int J Dermatol; 2008 Jul;47(7):728-31
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  • METHODS: Frozen sections revealed a spindle cell neoplasm.
  • Permanent section immunohistochemistry sections stained positive for vimentin and smooth muscle actin and negative for S100 and CD34, confirming the diagnosis of leiomyosarcoma.
  • RESULTS: The tumor was removed using Mohs micrographic surgery.
  • Re-biopsy of a "benign" growth may be necessary if clinicopathological correlation does not match with the clinical behavior of the tumor in question.
  • [MeSH-major] Leiomyosarcoma / pathology. Neoplasm Recurrence, Local / pathology. Neurofibroma / pathology. Skin Neoplasms / pathology

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  • (PMID = 18613884.001).
  • [ISSN] 1365-4632
  • [Journal-full-title] International journal of dermatology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Int. J. Dermatol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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87. Fauth CT, Bruecks AK, Temple W, Arlette JP, DiFrancesco LM: Superficial leiomyosarcoma: a clinicopathologic review and update. J Cutan Pathol; 2010 Feb;37(2):269-76
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  • Smooth muscle markers were positive in all cases.
  • Novel histological features included epidermal hyperplasia, sclerotic collagen bands and increasing tumor grade with the depth of the lesion.
  • CONCLUSIONS: SLMSs are rare but important smooth muscle tumors of the skin.
  • The histologic appearance is that of a smooth muscle lesion, but epidermal hyperplasia and thickened collagen bands are previously underrecognized features.
  • Immunohistochemical stains are useful in confirming smooth muscle differentiation, but CD117 is of limited utility.
  • SLMS can appear low grade or even benign on superficial biopsies, leading to undergrading or a delay in the correct diagnosis.
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Aged. Aged, 80 and over. Female. Humans. Immunohistochemistry. Male. Middle Aged. Neoplasm Proteins / metabolism. Neoplasm Recurrence, Local / metabolism. Neoplasm Recurrence, Local / pathology. Neoplasm Recurrence, Local / surgery. Treatment Outcome

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  • (PMID = 19694881.001).
  • [ISSN] 1600-0560
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of cutaneous pathology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Cutan. Pathol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Denmark
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Neoplasm Proteins
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88. Vaquero ME, Magrina JF, Leslie KO: Uterine smooth-muscle tumors with unusual growth patterns. J Minim Invasive Gynecol; 2009 May-Jun;16(3):263-8
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  • [Title] Uterine smooth-muscle tumors with unusual growth patterns.
  • Uterine smooth-muscle tumors with unusual growth patterns include a variety of neoplastic lesions characterized histologically by their similarity to adult smooth muscle tissue.
  • The 3 primary neoplasms are intravenous leiomyomatosis, benign metastasizing leiomyoma, and leiomyomatosis peritonealis disseminata.
  • [MeSH-major] Leiomyomatosis / pathology. Smooth Muscle Tumor / pathology. Uterine Neoplasms / pathology

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  • (PMID = 19423058.001).
  • [ISSN] 1553-4650
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of minimally invasive gynecology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Minim Invasive Gynecol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Number-of-references] 40
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89. Hossain D, Meiers I, Qian J, MacLennan GT, Bostwick DG: Prostatic leiomyoma with atypia: follow-up study of 10 cases. Ann Diagn Pathol; 2008 Oct;12(5):328-32
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  • The histologic findings consisted of a solid circumscribed expansile stromal nodule with abundant smooth muscle and variable numbers of atypical bizarre giant cells.
  • The cells of the tumor displayed intense immunoreactivity for desmin, actin, and androgen receptor and weak to moderate reactivity for vimentin.
  • Despite worrisome histologic appearance, a benign clinical behavior was seen in all cases.
  • [MeSH-minor] Actins / metabolism. Aged. Aged, 80 and over. Biomarkers, Tumor / metabolism. Desmin / metabolism. Humans. Immunohistochemistry. Male. Middle Aged. Neoplasm Recurrence, Local. Receptors, Androgen / metabolism. Treatment Outcome. Vimentin / metabolism

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  • (PMID = 18774494.001).
  • [ISSN] 1532-8198
  • [Journal-full-title] Annals of diagnostic pathology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Ann Diagn Pathol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Actins; 0 / Biomarkers, Tumor; 0 / Desmin; 0 / Receptors, Androgen; 0 / Vimentin
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90. Levy AD, Arnáiz J, Shaw JC, Sobin LH: From the archives of the AFIP: primary peritoneal tumors: imaging features with pathologic correlation. Radiographics; 2008 Mar-Apr;28(2):583-607; quiz 621-2
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  • Primary malignant mesothelioma, multicystic mesothelioma, primary peritoneal serous carcinoma, leiomyomatosis peritonealis disseminata, and desmoplastic small round cell tumor are the most prominent of these rare lesions.
  • Multicystic mesothelioma occurs most frequently in women and has benign or indolent biologic behavior in the majority of patients.
  • Leiomyomatosis peritonealis disseminata is a rare, benign proliferative process that also occurs exclusively in women and is characterized by multiple smooth muscle nodules throughout the peritoneum.
  • Desmoplastic small round cell tumor is a highly aggressive malignancy of unknown origin that occurs most often in the peritoneal cavity of young men.

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  • (PMID = 18349460.001).
  • [ISSN] 1527-1323
  • [Journal-full-title] Radiographics : a review publication of the Radiological Society of North America, Inc
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Radiographics
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Contrast Media
  • [Number-of-references] 55
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91. Karbowniczek M, Henske EP: The role of tuberin in cellular differentiation: are B-Raf and MAPK involved? Ann N Y Acad Sci; 2005 Nov;1059:168-73
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  • Tuberous sclerosis complex (TSC) is a tumor suppressor gene syndrome whose manifestations can include seizures, mental retardation, autism, and tumors in the brain, retina, kidney, heart, and skin.
  • Genetic analyses of sporadic angiomyolipomas revealed that all three components (smooth muscle, vessels, and fat) derive from a common progenitor cell, indicating the ability of cells lacking tuberin to differentiate into multiple lineages.
  • Other genetic studies showed that the benign smooth muscle cells of pulmonary lymphangiomyomatosis have the ability to migrate to other organs.
  • [MeSH-major] Gene Expression Regulation, Neoplastic. MAP Kinase Signaling System. Proto-Oncogene Proteins B-raf / physiology. Tumor Suppressor Proteins / physiology
  • [MeSH-minor] Angiomyolipoma / metabolism. Animals. Cell Differentiation. Cell Movement. Humans. Models, Biological. Neoplasm Metastasis. Signal Transduction

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  • (PMID = 16382052.001).
  • [ISSN] 0077-8923
  • [Journal-full-title] Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Ann. N. Y. Acad. Sci.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Tumor Suppressor Proteins; 4JG2LF96VF / tuberous sclerosis complex 2 protein; EC 2.7.11.1 / BRAF protein, human; EC 2.7.11.1 / Proto-Oncogene Proteins B-raf
  • [Number-of-references] 50
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92. Román-Díaz J, Alayón-Laguer D, Fernández Nelson M, Luis B, Caceres-Perkins W, Conde-Sterling D: Rare benign breast tumor. Bol Asoc Med P R; 2010 Apr-Jun;102(2):50-2
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  • [Title] Rare benign breast tumor.
  • We report the case of a female patient with an incidental finding at routine mammography evaluation which consisted of a benign spindle cell tumor, namely Breast Myofibroblastoma.
  • It is arranged in fascicles with interspersed broad bands of hyalinized collagen with variable immunohistochemical reactivity to desmin, vimentin, smooth muscle actin and CD 34.
  • It is important to recognize the benign nature of this neoplasm to prevent extensive mutilating surgical procedures.
  • [MeSH-major] Breast Neoplasms / pathology. Neoplasms, Muscle Tissue / pathology

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  • (PMID = 20939206.001).
  • [ISSN] 0004-4849
  • [Journal-full-title] Boletín de la Asociación Médica de Puerto Rico
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Bol Asoc Med P R
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Puerto Rico
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93. Palade R, Grigoriu M, Voiculescu D: [Gallbladder leiomyoma]. Chirurgia (Bucur); 2006 Jul-Aug;101(4):415-8
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  • Leiomyoma, benign tumor generated by wall's smooth muscle proliferation, is extremely rare revealed.
  • Laparoscopic cholecystectomy is the sufficient and recommended procedure; only even the benignity of the tumor is pathologically established.

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  • (PMID = 17059154.001).
  • [ISSN] 1221-9118
  • [Journal-full-title] Chirurgia (Bucharest, Romania : 1990)
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Chirurgia (Bucur)
  • [Language] rum
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Romania
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94. Agaimy A, Wünsch PH, Schroeder J, Gaumann A, Dietmaier W, Hartmann A, Hofstaedter F, Mentzel T: Low-grade abdominopelvic sarcoma with myofibroblastic features (low-grade myofibroblastic sarcoma): clinicopathological, immunohistochemical, molecular genetic and ultrastructural study of two cases with literature review. J Clin Pathol; 2008 Mar;61(3):301-6
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  • AIMS: Low-grade myofibroblastic sarcoma (LGMS) represents a rare soft tissue neoplasm with a predilection for the head and neck.
  • The tumour cells strongly expressed vimentin, variably alpha-smooth muscle actin and fibronectin, but were negative for CD117, S-100, desmin, h-caldesmon, beta-catenin, ALK-1, MDM2, PDGFRalpha and PDGFRbeta.
  • LGMS may mimic a variety of benign and low-grade malignant neoplasms and might be under-recognised.
  • [MeSH-major] Neoplasm Recurrence, Local / ultrastructure. Peritoneal Neoplasms / ultrastructure. Sarcoma / ultrastructure. Soft Tissue Neoplasms / ultrastructure
  • [MeSH-minor] Actins / analysis. Aged. Biomarkers, Tumor / analysis. DNA Mutational Analysis. Female. Fibronectins / analysis. Humans. Immunohistochemistry. Mesentery. Middle Aged. Mitotic Index. Pelvis. Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-kit / genetics. Receptor, Platelet-Derived Growth Factor alpha / genetics. Vimentin / analysis

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  • (PMID = 17513510.001).
  • [ISSN] 1472-4146
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of clinical pathology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Clin. Pathol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Actins; 0 / Biomarkers, Tumor; 0 / Fibronectins; 0 / Vimentin; EC 2.7.10.1 / Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-kit; EC 2.7.10.1 / Receptor, Platelet-Derived Growth Factor alpha
  • [Number-of-references] 38
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95. Kawamoto S, Matsuda H, Ueki K, Okada Y, Kim P: Neuromuscular choristoma of the oculomotor nerve: case report. Neurosurgery; 2007 Apr;60(4):E777-8; discussion E778
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  • OBJECTIVE: Neuromuscular choristomas (NMC) are rare benign tumors of the peripheral nerves.
  • INTERVENTION: The tumor was resected with the parental oculomotor nerve, which was reconstructed using a peroneal nerve graft.
  • Histologically, the lesion consisted of well-differentiated smooth muscle fibers intermingled with mature nerve elements consistent with the diagnosis of an NMC, although the possibility of leiomyoma in this rare location was not excluded completely.

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  • (PMID = 17415185.001).
  • [ISSN] 1524-4040
  • [Journal-full-title] Neurosurgery
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Neurosurgery
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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96. Yoshida C, Ichimura T, Kawamura N, Nakano A, Kasai M, Sumi T, Ishiko O: A scoring system for histopathologic and immunohistochemical evaluations of uterine leiomyosarcomas. Oncol Rep; 2009 Oct;22(4):725-31
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  • Uterine leiomyosarcomas (LMS) are difficult to distinguish from benign leiomyomas without surgery.
  • In this study we performed transcervical needle biopsy on 475 patients, 8 LMS patients and 467 patients with non-sarcomas (non-LMS) in a high-risk group for LMS, and evaluated whether examinations performed with Ki-67 and CD34 immunohistochemical analyses in addition to the standard hematoxylin-eosin (H&E)-stained sections would improve preoperative diagnostic precision of the uterine smooth muscle tumors.
  • Histopathologic analysis included three factors: degree of cytologic atypia, mitotic index and coagulative tumor cell necrosis (CTCN).

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  • (PMID = 19724849.001).
  • [ISSN] 1021-335X
  • [Journal-full-title] Oncology reports
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Oncol. Rep.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Greece
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Antigens, CD34; 0 / Ki-67 Antigen
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97. Durak H, Comunoglu NU, Comunoglu C, Guven A, Cam M, Dervisoglu S, Eren B: Specificity and sensitivity of differentiation antigens in superficial soft tissue tumors: comparison of SMA, calponin, H-caldesmon, C-kit, PLAP and HPL. Bratisl Lek Listy; 2010;111(8):432-8
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  • We examined the expression pattern of smooth muscle actin (SMA), h-caldesmon (HCD), calponin (CALP), placental alkaline phosphatase (PLAP) and human placental lactogen (HPL) in benign and malignant spindle cell superficial soft tissue tumors in order to determine the role of these markers in differential diagnosis.
  • Archival tissue from 38 patients with superficial smooth muscle cell and so-called fibrohistiocytic tumors (8 benign fibrous histiocytomas (BFHs), 6 dermatofibrosarcoma protuberans (DFPT), 9 malignant fibrous histiocytomas (MFHs), 9 leiomyomas (LMs) and 6 leiomyosarcomas (LMSs)) were immunostained with antibodies against SMA, HCD, CALP, PLAP and HPL. smooth muscle cell (SMC) tumors showed significantly high immunopositivity for HCD than that of so-called fibrohistiocytic tumors (p is less than or equal to 0.05) but 1/3 of DFPT and MFH cases and half of BFH cases also showed HCD immunopositivity; thus, this difference is debatable and not highly discriminative as expected.
  • All tumor groups showed 100% immunopositivity for CALP.
  • [MeSH-major] Antigens, Differentiation / analysis. Biomarkers, Tumor / analysis. Soft Tissue Neoplasms / diagnosis

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  • (PMID = 21033622.001).
  • [ISSN] 0006-9248
  • [Journal-full-title] Bratislavské lekárske listy
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Bratisl Lek Listy
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Slovakia
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Actins; 0 / Antigens, Differentiation; 0 / Biomarkers, Tumor; 0 / Calcium-Binding Proteins; 0 / Calmodulin-Binding Proteins; 0 / GPI-Linked Proteins; 0 / Isoenzymes; 0 / Microfilament Proteins; 0 / calponin; 9035-54-5 / Placental Lactogen; EC 2.7.10.1 / Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-kit; EC 3.1.3.1 / Alkaline Phosphatase; EC 3.1.3.1 / alkaline phosphatase, placental
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98. Saad RS, Liu YL, Silverman JF: Distribution of basal/myoepithelial markers in benign and malignant bronchioloalveolar proliferations of the lung. Appl Immunohistochem Mol Morphol; 2010 May;18(3):219-25
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  • [Title] Distribution of basal/myoepithelial markers in benign and malignant bronchioloalveolar proliferations of the lung.
  • We investigated the staining pattern of commonly used basal cell/myoepithelial markers, such as p63 (a p53-homologous nuclear protein), basal cell-specific cytokeratin antibody (34betaE12, K903), and smooth muscle myosin heavy chain (SMMHC) in benign and malignant bronchioloalveolar proliferations of the lung.
  • We studied 85 lung lesions consisting of 35 bronchioloalveolar carcinoma, 30 well-differentiated adenocarcinoma, and 20 cases of benign lung lesions.

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  • (PMID = 20065853.001).
  • [ISSN] 1533-4058
  • [Journal-full-title] Applied immunohistochemistry & molecular morphology : AIMM
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Appl. Immunohistochem. Mol. Morphol.
  • [Language] ENG
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Biomarkers, Tumor; 0 / CKAP4 protein, human; 0 / Membrane Proteins; 68238-35-7 / Keratins; EC 3.6.1.- / Smooth Muscle Myosins
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99. Fang HQ, Yang J, Zhang FF, Cui Y, Han AJ: Clinicopathological features of gastric glomus tumor. World J Gastroenterol; 2010 Sep 28;16(36):4616-20
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Clinicopathological features of gastric glomus tumor.
  • AIM: To study the clinicopathological features of gastric glomus tumor and review the related Chinese literature published in 1990-2010.
  • METHODS: A case of gastric glomus tumor was reported.
  • Clinicopathological findings in 56 cases of gastric glomus tumor were analyzed.
  • RESULTS: Gastric glomus tumor was far more common in women than in men with a female to male ratio of 1.6:1.
  • The tumor was located in antrum of the stomach.
  • The greatest diameter of the tumor was 0.8-11 cm.
  • Histologically, the tumor was comprised of nests of glomus cells surrounding the capillaries.
  • Vimentin, smooth muscle actin and actin were expressed in the tumor.
  • CONCLUSION: Gastric glomus tumor is a rare benign mesenchymal neoplasm.
  • Differential diagnosis includes gastrointestinal stromal tumor, paraganglioma and carcinoid tumor.
  • [MeSH-major] Glomus Tumor. Stomach Neoplasms

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  • (PMID = 20857536.001).
  • [ISSN] 2219-2840
  • [Journal-full-title] World journal of gastroenterology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] World J. Gastroenterol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] China
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC2945497
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100. Buragas M, Kidd M, Modlin IM, Cha C: Multiple gastrointestinal stromal tumors and synchronous ileal carcinoids. Nat Clin Pract Oncol; 2005 Mar;2(3):166-70; quiz 1 p following 170
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • His physical examination and medical history were unremarkable except for benign prostatic hypertrophy.
  • An esophagogastroduodenoscopy showed a 3 x 2 x 2 cm smooth round mass in the cardia, 2 cm distal to the gastroesophageal junction.
  • Biopsy of the mass revealed an ulcerated tumor composed of spindle cells.
  • Immunohistochemistry showed positive staining for a number of biochemical markers, including KIT, Ki-67 and smooth muscle actin, but was negative for the markers S100 and desmin.
  • [MeSH-major] Carcinoid Tumor / pathology. Ileal Neoplasms / pathology. Neoplasms, Multiple Primary. Neoplasms, Second Primary






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