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1. Spanu A, Solinas ME, Chessa F, Sanna D, Nuvoli S, Madeddu G: 131I SPECT/CT in the follow-up of differentiated thyroid carcinoma: incremental value versus planar imaging. J Nucl Med; 2009 Feb;50(2):184-90
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  • We assigned an incremental value to SPECT/CT when it provided better identification and interpretation of the foci of radioiodine uptake, more correct anatomic localization and characterization, and precise differentiation between tumor lesions and physiologic uptake.
  • SPECT/CT also showed occult lesions in the mediastinum, abdomen, and pelvis and identified small bone metastases unsuspected on planar imaging.
  • Globally, SPECT/CT had an incremental value over planar imaging in 67.8% of patients, modified therapeutic management in 35.6% of positive cases, and avoided unnecessary treatment in 20.3% of patients with only single benign lesions or physiologic uptake.

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  • [CommentIn] J Nucl Med. 2009 Aug;50(8):1386; author reply 1386 [19617337.001]
  • (PMID = 19164225.001).
  • [ISSN] 0161-5505
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of nuclear medicine : official publication, Society of Nuclear Medicine
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Nucl. Med.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Comparative Study; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Iodine Radioisotopes
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2. Thomassin-Naggara I, Fournier LS, Roussel A, Marsault C, Bazot M: [Diffusion-weighted MR imaging of the female pelvis]. J Radiol; 2010 Mar;91(3 Pt 2):431-8; quiz 439-40
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  • [Title] [Diffusion-weighted MR imaging of the female pelvis].
  • [Transliterated title] IRM de diffusion et pelvis féminin.
  • Due to technical advances (parallel imaging and new phased-array coils), diffusion-weighted MR imaging can be used to image the female pelvis.
  • Diffusion weighted imaging improves the detection of small uterine tumors and the visualization of small implants of peritoneal carcinomatosis, which could play a significant role for tumor staging.
  • It is helpful for characterization of complex ovarian tumors: the absence of hyperintensity on b=1000 diffusion-weighted images has an excellent positive predictive value for a benign etiology.

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  • (PMID = 20508577.001).
  • [ISSN] 0221-0363
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal de radiologie
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Radiol
  • [Language] fre
  • [Publication-type] English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] France
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Contrast Media; AU0V1LM3JT / Gadolinium
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3. Wolf JS Jr, Dash A: Failure of percutaneous endoscopic resection of a renal cystic nephroma on longer-term follow-up. J Endourol; 2008 Jul;22(7):1505-7
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  • In 2005 we reported in this journal the treatment of cystic nephroma, a rare but presumed benign renal tumor, with percutaneous resection.
  • Laparoscopic radical nephrectomy without adrenalectomy revealed benign cystic nephroma.

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  • (PMID = 18613780.001).
  • [ISSN] 1557-900X
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of endourology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Endourol.
  • [Language] ENG
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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4. Schuster DM, Votaw JR, Nieh PT, Yu W, Nye JA, Master V, Bowman FD, Issa MM, Goodman MM: Initial experience with the radiotracer anti-1-amino-3-18F-fluorocyclobutane-1-carboxylic acid with PET/CT in prostate carcinoma. J Nucl Med; 2007 Jan;48(1):56-63
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  • Anti-1-amino-3-(18)F-fluorocyclobutane-1-carboxylic acid (anti-(18)F-FACBC)is a synthetic l-leucine analog that has excellent in vitro uptake within the DU-145 prostate carcinoma cell line and orthotopically implanted prostate tumor in nude rats.
  • METHODS: Fifteen patients with a recent diagnosis of prostate carcinoma (n = 9) or suspected recurrence (n = 6) underwent 65-min dynamic PET/CT of the pelvis after intravenous injection of 300-410 MBq anti-(18)F-FACBC followed by static body images.
  • Time-activity curves were also generated for benign and malignant tissue.
  • Malignant lymph node uptake in both the staging and restaging patients was significantly higher than benign nodal uptake.
  • [MeSH-minor] Aged. Humans. Image Processing, Computer-Assisted. Lymphatic Metastasis. Male. Middle Aged. Neoplasm Metastasis. Prostate / radionuclide imaging. Radiometry. Recurrence. Time Factors

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  • [CommentIn] J Nucl Med. 2007 Jul;48(7):1225 [17607041.001]
  • (PMID = 17204699.001).
  • [ISSN] 0161-5505
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of nuclear medicine : official publication, Society of Nuclear Medicine
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Nucl. Med.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / 1-amino-3-fluorocyclobutane-1-carboxylic acid; 0 / Carboxylic Acids; 0 / Cyclobutanes
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5. Fanburg-Smith JC, Auerbach A, Marwaha JS, Wang Z, Rushing EJ: Reappraisal of mesenchymal chondrosarcoma: novel morphologic observations of the hyaline cartilage and endochondral ossification and beta-catenin, Sox9, and osteocalcin immunostaining of 22 cases. Hum Pathol; 2010 May;41(5):653-62
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  • Mesenchymal chondrosarcoma, a rare malignant round cell and hyaline cartilage tumor, is most commonly intraosseous but can occur in extraskeletal sites.
  • Immunohistochemistry and follow-up were obtained on mesenchymal chondrosarcoma and tumor controls.
  • Twenty-two mesenchymal chondrosarcomas included 5 central nervous system (all female; mean age, 30.2; mean size, 7.8 cm; in frontal lobe [n = 4] and spinal cord [n = 1]) and 17 musculoskeletal (female-male ratio, 11:6; mean age, 31.1; mean size, 6.2 cm; 3 each of humerus and vertebrae; 2 each of pelvis, rib, tibia, neck soft tissue; one each of femur, unspecified bone, and elbow soft tissue).
  • Mesenchymal chondrosarcoma demonstrates centrally located hyaline cartilage with a linear progression of chondrocytes from resting to proliferative to hypertrophic, which undergoes endochondral ossification, recapitulating growth plate cartilage and suggesting that this component of mesenchymal chondrosarcoma may be a differentiated (benign or metaplastic) component of a malignant metastasizing tumor.
  • Rare nuclear beta-catenin expression at the interface between hyaline cartilage and small round cells potentially implicates the APC/Wnt pathway during endochondral ossification in morphologically benign hyaline cartilage component of mesenchymal chondrosarcoma.


11. Zheng JP, Shao GL, Chen YT, Fan SF, Yang JM: [Feasibility study on CT guided percutaneous incisional needle biopsy for deep pelvic masses by different puncture approaches]. Zhonghua Zhong Liu Za Zhi; 2009 Oct;31(10):786-9
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  • Benign neoplasms were confirmed in 8 cases, including fibrosis tissue in 6 lesions, bone tuberculosis in 1 and ovarian cyst in 1.
  • No hematoma, nerve damage, infection, and tumor transplantation in pelvic cavity developed after the PINB procedure.
  • [MeSH-major] Adenocarcinoma / pathology. Biopsy, Needle / methods. Carcinoma, Squamous Cell / pathology. Pelvic Neoplasms / pathology. Pelvis / pathology

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  • (PMID = 20021836.001).
  • [ISSN] 0253-3766
  • [Journal-full-title] Zhonghua zhong liu za zhi [Chinese journal of oncology]
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Zhonghua Zhong Liu Za Zhi
  • [Language] chi
  • [Publication-type] English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] China
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12. Bhattacharyya NK, Mallick MG, Roy H, Das MK, Gautam D: Clinicopathologic study of pelvic lesions managed by surgeons in a medical college in Kolkata in the last 2 years. Indian J Pathol Microbiol; 2008 Oct-Dec;51(4):500-3
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  • Among the 60 cases of neoplastic lesions, 40 cases were benign comprised of twisted ovarian cyst, broad-ligament fibroid, and neurofibroma and 20 cases were malignant comprised of colorectal carcinoma, ovarian carcinoma, liposarcoma, Primitive nurectodermal tumor (PNET), seminoma, and lymphnode metastasis.
  • [MeSH-major] Pelvic Neoplasms. Pelvis

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  • (PMID = 19008575.001).
  • [ISSN] 0377-4929
  • [Journal-full-title] Indian journal of pathology & microbiology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Indian J Pathol Microbiol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] India
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13. Agaimy A, Wünsch PH, Schroeder J, Gaumann A, Dietmaier W, Hartmann A, Hofstaedter F, Mentzel T: Low-grade abdominopelvic sarcoma with myofibroblastic features (low-grade myofibroblastic sarcoma): clinicopathological, immunohistochemical, molecular genetic and ultrastructural study of two cases with literature review. J Clin Pathol; 2008 Mar;61(3):301-6
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  • AIMS: Low-grade myofibroblastic sarcoma (LGMS) represents a rare soft tissue neoplasm with a predilection for the head and neck.
  • Genomic DNA was isolated from microdissected formalin-fixed paraffin-embedded tumour tissue and examined for KIT and PDGFRA mutations by PCR and direct sequencing of KIT and PDGFRA.
  • The tumour cells strongly expressed vimentin, variably alpha-smooth muscle actin and fibronectin, but were negative for CD117, S-100, desmin, h-caldesmon, beta-catenin, ALK-1, MDM2, PDGFRalpha and PDGFRbeta.
  • One tumour showed a weak expression of CD34.
  • LGMS may mimic a variety of benign and low-grade malignant neoplasms and might be under-recognised.
  • [MeSH-major] Neoplasm Recurrence, Local / ultrastructure. Peritoneal Neoplasms / ultrastructure. Sarcoma / ultrastructure. Soft Tissue Neoplasms / ultrastructure
  • [MeSH-minor] Actins / analysis. Aged. Biomarkers, Tumor / analysis. DNA Mutational Analysis. Female. Fibronectins / analysis. Humans. Immunohistochemistry. Mesentery. Middle Aged. Mitotic Index. Pelvis. Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-kit / genetics. Receptor, Platelet-Derived Growth Factor alpha / genetics. Vimentin / analysis

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  • (PMID = 17513510.001).
  • [ISSN] 1472-4146
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of clinical pathology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Clin. Pathol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Actins; 0 / Biomarkers, Tumor; 0 / Fibronectins; 0 / Vimentin; EC 2.7.10.1 / Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-kit; EC 2.7.10.1 / Receptor, Platelet-Derived Growth Factor alpha
  • [Number-of-references] 38
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14. Frigui M, Khabir A, Jallouli M, Mnif Z, Hdiji S, Elloumi M, Boudaouara T, Bahloul Z: [Recurrent inflammatory myofibroblastic tumor with renal, retroperitoneal and lymph node involvement]. Rev Med Interne; 2009 Apr;30(4):372-6
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  • [Title] [Recurrent inflammatory myofibroblastic tumor with renal, retroperitoneal and lymph node involvement].
  • Inflammatory myofibroblastic tumors are uncommon and benign tumors with unknown aetiology.
  • First reported in the lungs, the inflammatory myofibroblastic tumors have been observed in other locations, especially in the abdomen and the pelvis.

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  • (PMID = 18818004.001).
  • [ISSN] 0248-8663
  • [Journal-full-title] La Revue de medecine interne
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Rev Med Interne
  • [Language] FRE
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] France
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Adrenal Cortex Hormones
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15. Hatano K, Tsujimoto Y, Ichimaru N, Miyagawa Y, Nonomura N, Okuyama A: Rare case of aggressive angiomyxoma presenting as a retrovesical tumor. Int J Urol; 2006 Jul;13(7):1012-4
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  • [Title] Rare case of aggressive angiomyxoma presenting as a retrovesical tumor.
  • Aggressive angiomyxoma (AAM) is a rare mesenchymal benign tumor that preferentially involves the pelvic and perineal regions in relatively young females.
  • We report here a rare case of AAM presenting as a retrovesical tumor in a male patient.
  • A 59-year-old man undergoing abdominal ultrasound examination because of benign prostatic hyperplasia was found to have a retrovesical mass.
  • Computed tomography and magnetic resonance imaging of the pelvis showed the retrovesical tumor to be 7.4 x 6.7 cm.
  • The tumor was resected, and diagnosed histopathologically as AAM.
  • Although the majority of retrovesical tumors are considered to be sarcoma or neurogenic tumor, AAM should also be recognized as a differential diagnosis.

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  • (PMID = 16882078.001).
  • [ISSN] 0919-8172
  • [Journal-full-title] International journal of urology : official journal of the Japanese Urological Association
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Int. J. Urol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Australia
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16. Stanojević G, Jovanović M, Stojanović M, Rancić Z, Dordević-Jovanović L, Miladinovic-Tasić N: [Primary pelvic hydatid cyst--case report]. Med Pregl; 2009 Nov-Dec;62(11-12):587-91
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  • INTRODUCTION: Primary hydatid cyst in the pelvis is an extremely rare site of the disease and occurs in approximately 0.7% of the patients with this disease.
  • CASE REPORT: The case of a 65-year-old woman is reported, who was admitted for surgical treatment of incidentally detected pelvis tumor of unclear origin.
  • Intraoperatively, it was noted that the tumor in the pelvis was cystic, resembling a hydatid disease, involving left pararectal space and extending to the sacroiliac joint.
  • The principal goal is the compromise between the need to completely remove the cyst and the fact that it is a benign disease so the patient should not be unnecessarily exposed to an increased operative risk.

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  • (PMID = 20491387.001).
  • [ISSN] 0025-8105
  • [Journal-full-title] Medicinski pregled
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Med. Pregl.
  • [Language] srp
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Serbia
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17. Herawi M, Epstein JI: Solitary fibrous tumor on needle biopsy and transurethral resection of the prostate: a clinicopathologic study of 13 cases. Am J Surg Pathol; 2007 Jun;31(6):870-6
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  • [Title] Solitary fibrous tumor on needle biopsy and transurethral resection of the prostate: a clinicopathologic study of 13 cases.
  • One of the least commonly encountered spindle cell tumors seen on prostatic needle biopsy or transurethral resection (TUR) of the prostate is solitary fibrous tumor (SFT).
  • In 9 cases, a complete tumor resection was attempted by cystoprostatectomy (n=2), radical prostatectomy (n=4), pelvic exenteration (n=2), or pelvic tumor resection (n=1).
  • Tumor sizes ranged from 8.5 to 15 cm in 7 radically resected cases.
  • Based on a combination of increased cellularity, mitotic activity, necrosis, nuclear pleomorphism, and infiltrativeness, 4 prostatic SFTs were malignant, 4 were benign, and 2 were borderline.
  • Three SFTs demonstrated >or=10% p53 immunoreactivity including 1 tumor with 50% positivity; and 3 cases had Ki-67 rates of >or=20%.
  • Although all SFTs were initially clinically considered to be of prostatic origin, some of the cases arose in the pelvis with secondary involvement of the prostate.
  • [MeSH-minor] Aged. Antigens, CD / metabolism. Antigens, CD34 / metabolism. Biomarkers, Tumor / analysis. Biopsy, Needle. Cell Adhesion Molecules / metabolism. Humans. Immunohistochemistry. Male. Middle Aged. Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-bcl-2 / metabolism. Transurethral Resection of Prostate

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  • (PMID = 17527073.001).
  • [ISSN] 0147-5185
  • [Journal-full-title] The American journal of surgical pathology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Am. J. Surg. Pathol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Antigens, CD; 0 / Antigens, CD34; 0 / Biomarkers, Tumor; 0 / CD99 protein, human; 0 / Cell Adhesion Molecules; 0 / Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-bcl-2
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18. Bhosale P, Peungjesada S, Devine C, Balachandran A, Iyer R: Role of magnetic resonance imaging as an adjunct to clinical staging in cervical carcinoma. J Comput Assist Tomogr; 2010 Nov-Dec;34(6):855-64
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  • Magnetic resonance imaging depicts the morphological details of the female pelvis and is useful for evaluating both benign and malignant cervical masses.
  • The prognosis of cervical cancer is determined not only by stage, but also by nodal status, tumor volume, and depth of invasion, none of which are included in the FIGO guidelines.
  • [MeSH-minor] Contrast Media. Female. Humans. Lymphatic Metastasis / pathology. Neoplasm Staging. Sensitivity and Specificity


19. Sountoulides P, Zachos I, Paschalidis K, Asouhidou I, Fotiadou A, Bantis A, Palasopoulou M, Podimatas T: Massive hematuria due to a congenital renal arteriovenous malformation mimicking a renal pelvis tumor: a case report. J Med Case Rep; 2008;2:144
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  • [Title] Massive hematuria due to a congenital renal arteriovenous malformation mimicking a renal pelvis tumor: a case report.
  • INTRODUCTION: Congenital renal arteriovenous malformations (AVMs) are very rare benign lesions.
  • CT scan revealed a filling defect caused by a soft tissue mass in the renal pelvis, which initially led to the suspicion of a transitional cell carcinoma (TCC) of the upper tract, in view of the patient's age and smoking habits.
  • However a subsequent retrograde study could not depict any filling defect in the renal pelvis.
  • In the case presented, a congenital renal AVM proved to be the cause of massive upper tract hematuria and flank pain in spite of the initial evidence indicating the likely diagnosis of a renal pelvis tumor.

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  • (PMID = 18457585.001).
  • [ISSN] 1752-1947
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of medical case reports
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Med Case Rep
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC2390576
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20. Ohlmann CH, Ozgür E, Schrader AJ, Konrad L, Hofmann R, Engelmann U, Heidenreich A: Detection of circulating tumor cells in patients with renal cell carcinoma by reverse transcriptase polymerase chain reaction for G250/MNCA-9: results of a prospective trial. Urol Oncol; 2006 Jul-Aug;24(4):287-93
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  • [Title] Detection of circulating tumor cells in patients with renal cell carcinoma by reverse transcriptase polymerase chain reaction for G250/MNCA-9: results of a prospective trial.
  • The transperitoneal approach is often favored compared to the retroperitoneal approach because of the early ligation of the renal vessels, thereby tumor cell shedding by manipulation of the tumor is thought to be avoided.
  • The aim of our study was to investigate the influence of the surgical technique on intraoperative tumor cell shedding.
  • Evaluation of MNCA-9 RT-PCR revealed no difference according to operative technique, tumor-nodes-metastasis, or clinical tumor stage.
  • Despite this result, we found positive RT-PCR signals for MNCA-9 in patients with transitional cell cancer of the renal pelvis and benign renal lesions.
  • Furthermore, the retroperitoneal approach does not bear the risk of intraoperative tumor cell shedding by the handling of the tumor.
  • [MeSH-major] Antigens, Neoplasm / genetics. Carbonic Anhydrases / genetics. Carcinoma, Renal Cell / pathology. Kidney Neoplasms / pathology. Neoplastic Cells, Circulating. Reverse Transcriptase Polymerase Chain Reaction / methods

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  • (PMID = 16818180.001).
  • [ISSN] 1078-1439
  • [Journal-full-title] Urologic oncology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Urol. Oncol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Antigens, Neoplasm; EC 4.2.1.1 / CA9 protein, human; EC 4.2.1.1 / Carbonic Anhydrases
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21. Lersundi A, Mankin HJ, Mourikis A, Hornicek FJ: Chondromyxoid fibroma: a rarely encountered and puzzling tumor. Clin Orthop Relat Res; 2005 Oct;439:171-5
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Chondromyxoid fibroma: a rarely encountered and puzzling tumor.
  • Chondromyxoid fibroma is an uncommon bone neoplasm, accounting in our series for less than 1% of all connective tissue tumors.
  • The tumor is more common in males, and located mostly in the metaphyseal areas of the lower extremity.
  • The tumor is benign and there have been no reports of metastases.
  • The method of treatment that has been used since the initial identification of the tumor has been curettage, which has a 20-25% recurrence rate.
  • Most of the tumors were in the pelvis, proximal tibia, distal femur, and foot.
  • [MeSH-minor] Adolescent. Adult. Aged. Child. Female. Femur / pathology. Femur / radiography. Femur / surgery. Humans. Male. Middle Aged. Neoplasm Recurrence, Local. Pelvic Bones / pathology. Pelvic Bones / radiography. Pelvic Bones / surgery. Tibia / pathology. Tibia / radiography. Tibia / surgery. Transplantation, Homologous

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  • (PMID = 16205156.001).
  • [ISSN] 0009-921X
  • [Journal-full-title] Clinical orthopaedics and related research
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Clin. Orthop. Relat. Res.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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22. Wignall OJ, Moskovic EC, Thway K, Thomas JM: Solitary fibrous tumors of the soft tissues: review of the imaging and clinical features with histopathologic correlation. AJR Am J Roentgenol; 2010 Jul;195(1):W55-62
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  • Most of these tumors originate within the thoracic cavity, but they can occur in a variety of sites, including the abdomen, pelvis, and soft tissues and muscles.
  • CONCLUSION: The finding of a large, solid, vascular tumor, particularly with prominent feeding vessels or a visible fatty component, should alert the radiologist to the possible diagnosis of solitary fibrous tumor.
  • The prognosis is good for patients with benign tumors but variable for those with malignant tumors.

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  • (PMID = 20566782.001).
  • [ISSN] 1546-3141
  • [Journal-full-title] AJR. American journal of roentgenology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] AJR Am J Roentgenol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Number-of-references] 25
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23. Hattori S, Takagi K, Uno M, Nezasa S, Komeda H, Fujimoto Y: [Case report of inflammatory pseudotumor that occurred at the ureteropelvic junction]. Hinyokika Kiyo; 2008 Nov;54(11):737-40
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  • A 60-year-old woman underwent detailed examinations for hepatic disorders and pancreatic tumor at the Department of Internal Medicine.
  • A tumor mass in her left renal pelvis and a thickened wall in her left ureter were observed on computed tomography (CT) and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) images.
  • Not many inflammatory pseudotumors are found in the urinary tract, and even fewer are manifest in the renal pelvis and ureter.
  • Although inflammatory pseudotumors are generally benign, cases of repeated local recurrence exist.
  • [MeSH-major] Granuloma, Plasma Cell / diagnosis. Granuloma, Plasma Cell / pathology. Kidney Diseases / diagnosis. Kidney Diseases / pathology. Kidney Pelvis. Ureteral Diseases / diagnosis. Ureteral Diseases / pathology

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  • (PMID = 19068729.001).
  • [ISSN] 0018-1994
  • [Journal-full-title] Hinyokika kiyo. Acta urologica Japonica
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Hinyokika Kiyo
  • [Language] jpn
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; English Abstract; Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] Japan
  • [Number-of-references] 7
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24. Herawi M, Leppert JT, Thomas GV, De Kernion JB, Epstein JI: Implants of noninvasive papillary urothelial carcinoma in peritoneum and ileocolonic neobladder: support for "seed and soil" hypothesis of bladder recurrence. Urology; 2006 Apr;67(4):746-50
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  • OBJECTIVES: To explore the underlying mechanism of tumor regrowth in cases of noninvasive urothelial carcinoma that recur in unusual anatomic locations.
  • One had presented as an implant in the peritoneal investment of the bladder dome and the other as multiple implants growing on the benign surface of the colonic mucosa of an orthotopic neobladder distant from the anastomosis site.
  • Both cases had initially presented as noninvasive papillary urothelial carcinoma of the renal pelvis.
  • CONCLUSIONS: After clinicopathologic correlation, the mode of tumor spread in these cases was best explained by the "seeding/implantation" theory.
  • The urothelial tumor cells in each of these cases demonstrated the ability to implant themselves not only in the urothelium of the bladder but also in the colonic mucosa of a constructed neobladder and on the peritoneal surface.
  • [MeSH-major] Carcinoma, Transitional Cell / secondary. Carcinoma, Transitional Cell / surgery. Neoplasm Recurrence, Local / etiology. Neoplasm Seeding. Peritoneal Neoplasms / secondary. Urinary Bladder Neoplasms / secondary. Urinary Bladder Neoplasms / surgery. Urinary Reservoirs, Continent

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  • (PMID = 16566991.001).
  • [ISSN] 1527-9995
  • [Journal-full-title] Urology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Urology
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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25. Kawamura S, Nakamura T, Oya T, Ishizawa S, Sakai Y, Tanaka T, Saito S, Fukuoka J: Advanced malignant solitary fibrous tumor in pelvis responding to radiation therapy. Pathol Int; 2007 Apr;57(4):213-8
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  • [Title] Advanced malignant solitary fibrous tumor in pelvis responding to radiation therapy.
  • Solitary fibrous tumor (SFT) is a rare spindle cell neoplasm that is benign in most cases.
  • Herein is reported a case of a 74-year-old woman with a giant malignant SFT in the pelvis.
  • Along with massive invasion to adjacent organs and multiple lung metastases detected on radiography, biopsy from the tumor through the vaginal wall showed malignant looking spindle-cell neoplasm with increased cellularity, areas of necrosis, and high mitotic activity (5/10 high-power fields).
  • Immunohistochemically, the tumor cells were diffusely and strongly positive for CD34, CD99, and bcl-2.
  • Initial chemotherapies failed to control the tumor.
  • [MeSH-minor] Aged. Disease Progression. Female. Humans. Magnetic Resonance Imaging. Neoplasm Metastasis / pathology

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  • (PMID = 17316417.001).
  • [ISSN] 1320-5463
  • [Journal-full-title] Pathology international
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Pathol. Int.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Australia
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26. Schulte T, Kahlke V: [Mass of the pelvis minor--the coloproctological point of view]. Ther Umsch; 2007 Jul;64(7):389-94
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  • [Title] [Mass of the pelvis minor--the coloproctological point of view].
  • The pelvis minor is cranial defined by the promontory and caudal by the pelvic diaphragm.
  • The rectum is the origin of benign and malign tumors.
  • Most frequently you find under these tumors the benign adenoma and hamartoma and the malign like the rectal and anal cancer.
  • The further diagnostic work up and following therapy relates to the histology and the anatomical location of the tumor.
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Colonoscopy. Combined Modality Therapy. Diagnosis, Differential. Endosonography. Humans. Middle Aged. Neoplasm Staging. Postoperative Care. Proctoscopy. Rectum / pathology. Tomography, X-Ray Computed

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  • (PMID = 17948756.001).
  • [ISSN] 0040-5930
  • [Journal-full-title] Therapeutische Umschau. Revue thérapeutique
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Ther Umsch
  • [Language] ger
  • [Publication-type] Comparative Study; English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Switzerland
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27. Makni N, Puech P, Lopes R, Viard R, Colot O, Betrouni N: Automatic 3D segmentation of prostate in MRI combining a priori knowledge, Markov fields and Bayesian framework. Conf Proc IEEE Eng Med Biol Soc; 2008;2008:2992-5
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  • In 6 random cases, including prostates with cancer and benign prostatic hypertrophy (BPH), mean Hausdorff distance (HD) and Overlap Ratio (OR) were 9.94 mm and 0.83, respectively.
  • [MeSH-minor] Algorithms. Humans. Male. Markov Chains. Normal Distribution. Pelvis / anatomy & histology. Probability. Prostate / anatomy & histology. Software. Technology, Radiologic / methods. Tumor Burden

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  • (PMID = 19163335.001).
  • [ISSN] 1557-170X
  • [Journal-full-title] Conference proceedings : ... Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society. IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society. Annual Conference
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Conf Proc IEEE Eng Med Biol Soc
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] United States
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28. Guillem JG, Chessin DB, Jeong SY, Kim W, Fogarty JM: Contemporary applications of transanal endoscopic microsurgery: technical innovations and limitations. Clin Colorectal Cancer; 2005 Nov;5(4):268-73
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  • PURPOSE: Transanal endoscopic microsurgery (TEM) is a minimally invasive procedure used to transanally excise select benign and malignant tumors of the rectum.
  • In addition, a PubMed literature search was performed with use of the key words "transanal endoscopic microsurgery," "TEM," "rectal tumor," and "rectal cancer."
  • Median tumor location was 9 cm from the anal verge (range, 3-15 cm).
  • Reasons for inability to complete TEM included narrow rectal lumen or contour of bony pelvis prohibiting passage of the operating proctoscope into the upper rectum and inability to maintain the proctoscope in the rectal lumen with carbon dioxide insufflation because of the distal location of the tumor.
  • [MeSH-major] Adenocarcinoma / surgery. Adenoma / surgery. Carcinoid Tumor / surgery. Colonoscopy / methods. Rectal Neoplasms / surgery
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Aged. Aged, 80 and over. Anal Canal. Female. Humans. Male. Microsurgery. Middle Aged. Neoplasm Staging. Treatment Outcome

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  • (PMID = 16356304.001).
  • [ISSN] 1533-0028
  • [Journal-full-title] Clinical colorectal cancer
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Clin Colorectal Cancer
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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29. Nur S, Chuang L, Ramaswamy G: Primary extracranial meningioma of the pelvis: a light microscopic, immunohistochemical, and ultrastructural study. Gynecol Oncol; 2006 Nov;103(2):745-8
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  • [Title] Primary extracranial meningioma of the pelvis: a light microscopic, immunohistochemical, and ultrastructural study.
  • This presented case records a unique location, a meningioma arising in pelvis.
  • The histology of the resected tumor revealed sheets of bland epithelioid cells arranged in prominent whorls with psammoma bodies typical of meningothelial meningioma.
  • By electron microscopy, the tumor cells expressed desmosomes and abundant intermediate filaments.
  • Its benign appearance and 4-year disease-free survival without clinical or radiological evidence of intracranial disease favors the pelvis as the primary site.

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  • (PMID = 16904168.001).
  • [ISSN] 0090-8258
  • [Journal-full-title] Gynecologic oncology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Gynecol. Oncol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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30. Dozois EJ, Wall JC, Spinner RJ, Jacofsky DJ, Yaszemski MJ, Sim FH, Moran SL, Cima RR, Larson DR, Haddock MG, Okuno SH, Larson DW: Neurogenic tumors of the pelvis: clinicopathologic features and surgical outcomes using a multidisciplinary team. Ann Surg Oncol; 2009 Apr;16(4):1010-6
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  • [Title] Neurogenic tumors of the pelvis: clinicopathologic features and surgical outcomes using a multidisciplinary team.
  • Schwannomas were the most common benign tumor (61%) and malignant peripheral nerve sheath tumors the most common malignant lesion (81%).
  • Median tumor size was 9.5 cm (range 0.8-32 cm).
  • Intralesional resection was the most common surgical technique for both benign and malignant tumors.
  • Five-year local recurrence rates for benign and malignant lesions were 35.9% and 35.0%, respectively.
  • Benign and malignant tumors had a high local recurrence rate and survival for malignant tumors was poor.

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  • (PMID = 19194756.001).
  • [ISSN] 1534-4681
  • [Journal-full-title] Annals of surgical oncology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Ann. Surg. Oncol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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31. Poujade O, Genin AS, Dhouha M, Luton D: A benign metastasizing leiomyoma involving a nodule in the pulmonary artery: case and literature review. Eur J Gynaecol Oncol; 2010;31(3):329-32
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  • [Title] A benign metastasizing leiomyoma involving a nodule in the pulmonary artery: case and literature review.
  • Benign metastasizing leiomyoma (BML) is a rare disease defined as a primary benign uterine tumor with "metastatic" lesions preferentially occurring in the lung, pelvis and lymph nodes.

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  • (PMID = 21077481.001).
  • [ISSN] 0392-2936
  • [Journal-full-title] European journal of gynaecological oncology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Eur. J. Gynaecol. Oncol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] Italy
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32. Mut Pons R, Gómez Fernández-Montes J, Ramírez Latorre O, Vallcanera-Calatayud A: [Unusual imaging findings of Ewing sarcoma in the childhood]. Radiologia; 2009 Jan-Feb;51(1):63-70
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  • [Transliterated title] Manifestaciones radiológicas infrecuentes del sarcoma de Ewing en la infancia.
  • RESULTS: The following uncommon manifestations were found in 11 patients: 2 vertebral, one cervical, and one dorsal ES that initially manifested as spinal cord compression and as a mediastinal mass, respectively; 2 sacral ES with ascending epidural masses; 1 mandibular ES; 1 costal ES with hemorrhagic cerebral metastases; 3 extraskeletal (thigh, buttocks, and pelvis minor) ES with bone metastases at diagnosis: the first two had spinal cord and nerve compression due to vertebral metastases; 2 ES had benign-appearing radiological findings (cortical lesion of the radius with osseous remodeling of the ulna and an expanding multilocular lesion of the fibula).
  • CONCLUSIONS: Although ES is the second most common malignant bone tumor in children, its unusual imaging findings are less well known.


33. Dong Z, Yang Z, Li Y, Min P, Zhang X: [Extra-organic primary tumor in pelvis: correlation of multi-detector row computed tomography, anatomy and pathology]. Sheng Wu Yi Xue Gong Cheng Xue Za Zhi; 2009 Feb;26(1):75-9
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  • [Title] [Extra-organic primary tumor in pelvis: correlation of multi-detector row computed tomography, anatomy and pathology].
  • The purpose of this study was to investigate the correlation between multi-detector row CT (MDCT) features, pathological findings and the anatomic basis of extra-organic primary tumors in pelvis so as to improve the document diagnosis of these entities.
  • We retrospectively analyzed the MDCT manifestations of 20 cases with surgically and/or pathologically evidenced diagnoses of extra-organic primary tumors in pelvis.
  • The results showed that, in 14 cases, the tumors were located in the pelvis, and 6 of them involved both pelvis and hypogastric zone.
  • There were 8 tumors located in the peritoneal cavity of the pelvis, and 3 of them also involved the extraperitoneal space of the pelvis.
  • Lymphoma mainly involved paravesical and pararectal space in disorder.
  • The fatty element occurred in 7 masses, including 4 cases of teratoma, 1 case of malignant teratoma, 1 case of mixed germ cell tumor, and 1 case of liposarcoma.
  • MDCT with multi-planar reconstruction (MPR) could more clearly reveal the anatomic location of the extra-organic primary tumor in pelvis, could unveil the tumor's relationship with its surrounding organs, and could help to differentiate benign tumors from malignant tumors.

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  • (PMID = 19334559.001).
  • [ISSN] 1001-5515
  • [Journal-full-title] Sheng wu yi xue gong cheng xue za zhi = Journal of biomedical engineering = Shengwu yixue gongchengxue zazhi
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Sheng Wu Yi Xue Gong Cheng Xue Za Zhi
  • [Language] chi
  • [Publication-type] English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] China
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34. Pata F, Orsini V, Lucisano AM, Pafundi DP, Sacco R: Solitary fibrous tumor of the pelvis: an uncommon soft-tissue tumor. A case report. Ann Ital Chir; 2010 Nov-Dec;81(6):457-60
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  • [Title] Solitary fibrous tumor of the pelvis: an uncommon soft-tissue tumor. A case report.
  • A rare case of Solitary fibrous tumor (SFT) of the pelvis is reported.
  • Imaging studies (US, CT MR) showed an 17 x 10 x 9 ovoid mass in the pelvis, dislocating bladder and rectum.
  • En bloc excision of tumor and rectum (because of strong adhesions) was performed.
  • SFT is, usually, benign tumor with slow growth and excellent prognosis.

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  • (PMID = 21456483.001).
  • [ISSN] 0003-469X
  • [Journal-full-title] Annali italiani di chirurgia
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Ann Ital Chir
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Italy
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35. Zhang Z, Furge KA, Yang XJ, Teh BT, Hansel DE: Comparative gene expression profiling analysis of urothelial carcinoma of the renal pelvis and bladder. BMC Med Genomics; 2010;3:58
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  • [Title] Comparative gene expression profiling analysis of urothelial carcinoma of the renal pelvis and bladder.
  • BACKGROUND: Urothelial carcinoma (UC) can arise at any location along the urothelial tract, including the urethra, bladder, ureter, or renal pelvis.
  • Although tumors arising in these various locations have similar morphology, it is unclear whether the gene expression profiles are similar between the upper-tract (ureter and renal pelvis) and lower-tract (bladder and urethra) carcinomas.
  • Because differences may facilitate different screening and treatment modalities, we sought to examine the relationship between urothelial carcinoma of the renal pelvis (rUC) and urothelial carcinoma of the bladder (bUC).
  • METHODS: Fresh tumor tissue was collected from patients with bUC (n = 10) and benign mucosa from the bladder of individuals undergoing resection for non-UC conditions (n = 7).

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  • [ISSN] 1755-8794
  • [Journal-full-title] BMC medical genomics
  • [ISO-abbreviation] BMC Med Genomics
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Comparative Study; Journal Article
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36. Minagawa T, Matsushita K, Shimada R, Takayama H, Hiraga R, Uehara T, Murata Y: Aggressive angiomyxoma mimicking inguinal hernia in a man. Int J Clin Oncol; 2009 Aug;14(4):365-8
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  • Local excision was performed, with a preoperative diagnosis of benign soft tissue tumor.
  • AAM is a rare tumor which most commonly occurs in the pelvis or perineum of premenopausal women, with extremely rare cases in men.
  • The findings from previously reported cases and our case suggest that AAM should be considered in patients with an inguinal or scrotal swelling with a suspicious soft tissue tumor.

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  • (PMID = 19705250.001).
  • [ISSN] 1437-7772
  • [Journal-full-title] International journal of clinical oncology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Int. J. Clin. Oncol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Japan
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37. Magtibay PM, Salmon Z, Keeney GL, Podratz KC: Aggressive angiomyxoma of the female pelvis and perineum: a case series. Int J Gynecol Cancer; 2006 Jan-Feb;16(1):396-401
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  • [Title] Aggressive angiomyxoma of the female pelvis and perineum: a case series.
  • These tumors are benign, locally infiltrative mesenchymal neoplasms with a predilection for the female pelvis and perineum and a tendency to recur.
  • Surgical excision remains the mainstay of treatment, but whether clear, tumor-free surgical margins are necessary is controversial.
  • [MeSH-major] Biomarkers, Tumor / analysis. Myxoma / pathology. Pelvic Neoplasms / pathology. Perineum / pathology
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Biopsy, Needle. Female. Gynecologic Surgical Procedures / methods. Humans. Immunohistochemistry. Middle Aged. Neoplasm Staging. Prognosis. Receptors, Estrogen / analysis. Receptors, Progesterone / analysis. Risk Assessment. Sampling Studies. Survival Analysis. Treatment Outcome

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  • (PMID = 16445665.001).
  • [ISSN] 1048-891X
  • [Journal-full-title] International journal of gynecological cancer : official journal of the International Gynecological Cancer Society
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Int. J. Gynecol. Cancer
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Biomarkers, Tumor; 0 / Receptors, Estrogen; 0 / Receptors, Progesterone
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38. Krzysztof K, Wiktor B, Tadeusz Ł, Waldemar B, Magdalena K, Janusz D: Neuroendocrine tumours--analysis of own material--a nine--year retrospective study. Hepatogastroenterology; 2010 Mar-Apr;57(98):236-41
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  • The aim of this study was to present the author's observations of the histological tumor types, occurrence and its surgical treatment.
  • Ultrasonography, scintigraphy, computed tomography or magnetic resonance imaging of abdominal cavity, pelvis, thorax or neck--depend on the tumor localization--were done in every individual.
  • All cases were subjected to surgical procedure with an aim to resect the tumour completely.
  • In adrenal glands we observed 10 benign and 1 malignant pheochromocytoma (one bilateral female case with Multiple Endocrine Neoplasia type 2A).

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  • (PMID = 20583420.001).
  • [ISSN] 0172-6390
  • [Journal-full-title] Hepato-gastroenterology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Hepatogastroenterology
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Greece
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39. Koplin SA, Twohig MH, Lund DP, Hafez GR: Omental lipoblastoma. Pathol Res Pract; 2008;204(4):277-81
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  • Imaging studies revealed a solid mass which appeared to arise from the left lobe of the liver, extending caudally and filling the entire pelvis.
  • This unusual tumor is only the eighth reported omental lipoblastoma [J. Hicks, A. Dilley, D. Patel, J.
  • Pereira, E.R. de Oliveira, M.
  • Alvarenga, Sonographic features of benign intraperitoneal lipomatous tumors in children-report of 4 cases. Pediatr. Radiol.

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  • (PMID = 18276084.001).
  • [ISSN] 0344-0338
  • [Journal-full-title] Pathology, research and practice
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Pathol. Res. Pract.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Germany
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40. Li JP, Xie CM, Zhang R, Li H, Liu XW, Zhang Y, Yin SH, Lü YC, Geng ZJ: [Imaging features and clinicopathological manifestations of solitary fibrous tumors]. Zhonghua Zhong Liu Za Zhi; 2010 May;32(5):363-7
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  • RESULTS: The SFTs originated from different parts of the body, including 18 in the chest, 4 in the abdomen, 1 in the lumboscral area, 3 in the pelvis, and 1 in the left shoulder.
  • Twenty-three cases were found by CT scan, among which there were 16 benign diseases, presented with well-defined round or elliptic margins, with homogeneous attenuation and clearly surrounding; 6 malignant cases with unclear demarcations, invasive surrounding, heterogeneous attenuation due to calcification and/or irregular necrosis, and 1 junctional case with well-defined margins, which was enlarged during follow-up.
  • These imaging techniques may serve to provide helpful information as to the location and vicinal anatomic structure of the tumor, which is of substantial importance for planning surgery.
  • [MeSH-major] Abdominal Neoplasms / diagnosis. Solitary Fibrous Tumor, Pleural / diagnosis. Solitary Fibrous Tumors / diagnosis. Tomography, Spiral Computed

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  • (PMID = 20723435.001).
  • [ISSN] 0253-3766
  • [Journal-full-title] Zhonghua zhong liu za zhi [Chinese journal of oncology]
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Zhonghua Zhong Liu Za Zhi
  • [Language] chi
  • [Publication-type] English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] China
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Antigens, CD; 0 / Antigens, CD34; 0 / CD99 protein, human; 0 / Cell Adhesion Molecules; 0 / Vimentin
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41. Tinelli A, Malvasi A, Pellegrino M: An incidental peritoneal serous borderline tumor during laparoscopy for endometriosis. Eur J Gynaecol Oncol; 2009;30(5):579-82
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  • [Title] An incidental peritoneal serous borderline tumor during laparoscopy for endometriosis.
  • BACKGROUND: Primary peritoneal serous borderline tumor (PPSBT) is an uncommon lesion, histologically indistinguishable from non-invasive peritoneal implants found in association with ovarian tumours of borderline malignancy.
  • Surgeons performed cyst removal, detached bowel adhesions, removed all soft vesicular cysts and a soft blue nodule from the bowel, and coagulating all similar endometriotic islands in the pelvis.
  • CONCLUSION: Although PPSBT is a rare entity, it is nonetheless important because of its macroscopic similarity to endometriosis and microscopic similarity to other peritoneal and mullerian proliferations of both benign and malignant biologic potential.
  • [MeSH-major] Cystadenoma, Serous / pathology. Endometriosis / surgery. Incidental Findings. Laparoscopy. Pelvis / surgery. Peritoneal Neoplasms / pathology

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  • (PMID = 19899422.001).
  • [ISSN] 0392-2936
  • [Journal-full-title] European journal of gynaecological oncology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Eur. J. Gynaecol. Oncol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Italy
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42. Arzanian MT, Khaleghnejad-Tabari A, Shamsian BS, Jadali F, Gharib A, Esfahani H: Generalized myelolipoma. Arch Iran Med; 2006 Jul;9(3):274-6
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  • Myelolipoma is a benign tumor originating from hematopoietic and adipose tissue.
  • This tumor usually develops in the adrenal gland, but rare presentations of extraadrenal myelolipoma are also reported, which usually arise from the presacral region.
  • Herein, we present a 6-year-old girl with myelolipoma with generalized involvement of her abdomen, pelvis, chest, and retroorbital region.

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  • (PMID = 16859067.001).
  • [ISSN] 1029-2977
  • [Journal-full-title] Archives of Iranian medicine
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Arch Iran Med
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Iran
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43. Chen Y, Xu H, Li Y, Li J, Wang D, Yuan J, Liang Z: Laparoscopic resection of presacral teratomas. J Minim Invasive Gynecol; 2008 Sep-Oct;15(5):649-51
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  • Complete resection by one of the open abdominal or sacral approaches was traditionally advocated as the best treatment for either a benign or malignant presacral and retrorectal tumor.
  • A 15-year-old girl had chronic, progressively worsening dull pelvic pain and was given the diagnosis of a retrorectal tumor during her first gynecologic examination.
  • Computed tomography of the pelvis showed an encapsulated presacral and retrorectal tumor measuring 10x8.5x8 cm.

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  • (PMID = 18722980.001).
  • [ISSN] 1553-4650
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of minimally invasive gynecology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Minim Invasive Gynecol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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44. Gérard R, Keller A, Taylor S, Hoffmeyer P, Peter R: [Ischemic eosinophilic granuloma and pulmonary histiocytosis with a regressive course]. Rev Chir Orthop Reparatrice Appar Mot; 2007 Sep;93(5):501-5
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  • Langerhans' histiocytosis or histiocytosis X is a rare intrinsically benign disease producing a destructive tumor with a variable clinical presentation and an often unpredictable clinical course.
  • We report a case observed in a 17-year-old adolescent who presented an exceptional association of bony destruction of the pelvis with extended asymptomatic pulmonary involvement.

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  • (PMID = 17878842.001).
  • [ISSN] 0035-1040
  • [Journal-full-title] Revue de chirurgie orthopédique et réparatrice de l'appareil moteur
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Rev Chir Orthop Reparatrice Appar Mot
  • [Language] fre
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Comparative Study; English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] France
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45. El-Attar HA, Ragab MS, Sheta MI, Ahmed AS: Hepatocyte growth factor in Egyptian females with breast benign lumps and cancers. Asian Pac J Cancer Prev; 2010;11(4):893-6
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  • [Title] Hepatocyte growth factor in Egyptian females with breast benign lumps and cancers.
  • OBJECTIVE: Estimation of the plasma level of HGF in females with benign breast lumps or breast carcinomas and correlating levels with important prognostic parameters.
  • SUBJECTS: Sixty eight adult premenopausal females were divided into control group of fifteen healthy volunteers and fifty-three patients subdivided into fifteen with benign breast lumps and thirty-eight with breast carcinomas.
  • METHODS: A thorough clinical examination, plain chest x-rays, ultrasonography of the abdomen and pelvis, pre- operative fine needle aspiration cytology, estimation of fasting serum glucose, urea, creatinine and uric acid levels, alanine aminotransferase activities, C-reactive protein, HGF level and histopathological examination of the breast masses were performed.
  • RESULTS: Significant increase in HGF levels was found in patients with benign breast lumps and in breast cancer patients when each was compared to controls and when cancer patients were compared to the benign breast lumps group.
  • [MeSH-minor] Age Factors. Egypt. Female. Fibrocystic Breast Disease / blood. Humans. Inflammation / blood. Lymphatic Metastasis. Middle Aged. Neoplasm Staging. Prognosis. Receptors, Estrogen / metabolism. Receptors, Progesterone / metabolism. Tumor Burden


46. Tsukushi S, Nishida Y, Yamada Y, Yoshida M, Ishiguro N: CT-guided needle biopsy for musculoskeletal lesions. Arch Orthop Trauma Surg; 2010 May;130(5):699-703
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  • The biopsy site was the spine/sacrum in 70 cases, pelvis in 53, extremities in 51, rib/scapula in 20, and retroperitoneum in 13.
  • The final diagnosis was metastatic tumor in 63 cases, primary bone tumor in 63, primary soft tissue tumor in 23, infection in 18, and hematopoietic malignancy in 16 and non-tumorous lesions in 24.
  • According to the final diagnosis, benign tumors/malignant tumors (p < 0.005), primary bone tumor (p < 0.01), and infectious conditions (p < 0.001) showed significantly low diagnostic accuracy rates.
  • However, in patients with a primary bone tumor, it should be indicated for the initial diagnosis.

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  • (PMID = 20033699.001).
  • [ISSN] 1434-3916
  • [Journal-full-title] Archives of orthopaedic and trauma surgery
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Arch Orthop Trauma Surg
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Germany
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47. Tori M, Akamatsu H, Mizutani S, Yoshidome K, Oyama T, Ueshima S, Tsujimoto M, Nakahara M: Multiple benign metastasizing leiomyomas in the pelvic lymph nodes and biceps muscle: report of a case. Surg Today; 2008;38(5):432-5
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  • [Title] Multiple benign metastasizing leiomyomas in the pelvic lymph nodes and biceps muscle: report of a case.
  • The woman with a right lower abdominal tumor was referred to our hospital.
  • An abdominal computed tomography scan revealed two round nodules with well-defined margins in the retroperitoneum in the pelvis, and echography revealed a similar nodule in the biceps of the right upper arm.
  • A biopsy of the abdominal retroperitoneal tumor demonstrated benign metastasizing leiomyoma (BML).

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  • [Cites] Int J Gynecol Pathol. 2003 Apr;22(2):202-4 [12649679.001]
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  • (PMID = 18560966.001).
  • [ISSN] 0941-1291
  • [Journal-full-title] Surgery today
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Surg. Today
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Japan
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48. Egberts JH, Schafmayer C, Bauerschlag DO, Jänig U, Tepel J: Benign abdominal and pulmonary metastasizing leiomyoma of the uterus. Arch Gynecol Obstet; 2006 Aug;274(5):319-22
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  • [Title] Benign abdominal and pulmonary metastasizing leiomyoma of the uterus.
  • BACKGROUND: Benign metastasizing leiomyoma (BML) is a rare disease in which the lung is described to be the most afflicted extrauterine organ.
  • She was admitted to our hospital for investigation of a huge tumor mass in the pelvis consisting of multiple nodules in the abdomen and left lung.
  • Assuming an advanced intraperitoneal malignancy was present, a 'palliative' limited tumor debulking and due to a tumor compressing the sigmoid a Hartmann's procedure was performed.
  • CONCLUSIONS: The review of the literature supports the concept that the primary tumor of BML is located in the uterus and that leiomyomas in the uterus can metastasize leading via hematogenous spread to BML.
  • However, the origin of the tumor remains controversial.

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  • (PMID = 16649038.001).
  • [ISSN] 0932-0067
  • [Journal-full-title] Archives of gynecology and obstetrics
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Arch. Gynecol. Obstet.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Germany
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49. Almeida G, Silveira F, do Val I, Correa A: Extraosseous vulvar chondroma: a case report. J Reprod Med; 2007 Jan;52(1):35-7
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  • Occurrence in the pelvis is generally rare.
  • Treatment is by surgery and requires removing the tumor with a safety margin.
  • CASE: An 11-year-old girl was referred for a painless solid tumor located on the mons pubis.
  • Surgical removal of the tumor with a safety margin was performed.
  • Macroscopically, the tumor was shiny when cut open and yellowish.
  • Microscopic examination revealed a very distinct cartilage-forming tumor compatible with extraosseous chondroma.
  • CONCLUSION: Extraosseous chondroma is a rare benign tumor.
  • This appears to be the first such report of this type of tumor in this region and age range.

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  • (PMID = 17286066.001).
  • [ISSN] 0024-7758
  • [Journal-full-title] The Journal of reproductive medicine
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Reprod Med
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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50. Bouhafs A, Cherradi N, Lamaalmi N, Belkacem R, Barahioui M: An unusual case of multilocular cystic nephroma with prominent renal pelvis involvement. Int J Urol; 2006 Apr;13(4):436-8
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  • [Title] An unusual case of multilocular cystic nephroma with prominent renal pelvis involvement.
  • Multilocular cystic nephroma (MCN) is a relatively rare, benign tumor of uncertain etiology.
  • We report a case of MCN with unusual prominent renal pelvis extension.
  • A multilocular cystic lesion was found in the removed specimen, which had a direct tumor extension into the renal pelvis.
  • The tumor extension into the renal pelvis has been found in very few reports.
  • This growth pattern might be one of the characteristics of this benign renal tumor.
  • [MeSH-major] Kidney Diseases, Cystic / diagnosis. Kidney Neoplasms / diagnosis. Kidney Pelvis

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  • (PMID = 16734866.001).
  • [ISSN] 0919-8172
  • [Journal-full-title] International journal of urology : official journal of the Japanese Urological Association
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Int. J. Urol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Australia
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51. Hwang HS, Lee WJ, Lim HK, Chun HK, Ahn GH: Chondrolipoma in the pelvic cavity: a case report. Korean J Radiol; 2008 Nov-Dec;9(6):563-7
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  • A chondrolipoma is an extremely rare form of a benign mesenchymal tumor containing mature cartilage and fatty tissue.
  • In this case report, we describe a case of a chondrolipoma in the pelvis, and show that it has its own characteristic imaging findings, which included the composition of fatty tissue and calcification in most parts, as well as some focal areas of chondroid tissue based on the CT and MR findings.

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  • (PMID = 19039275.001).
  • [ISSN] 1229-6929
  • [Journal-full-title] Korean journal of radiology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Korean J Radiol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Korea (South)
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC2627234
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52. Roussel A, Thomassin-Naggara I, Darai E, Marsault C, Bazot M: [Value of diffusion-weighted imaging in the evaluation of adnexal tumors]. J Radiol; 2009 May;90(5 Pt 1):589-96
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  • [Transliterated title] Evaluation de la séquence de diffusion pour l'étude des tumeurs annexielles.
  • PURPOSE: To determine the value of diffusion-weighted imaging (DWI) in the evaluation of adnexal tumors, especially to distinguish between malignant and benign tumors.
  • Fifty-four patients with pelvic tumors (32 malignant and 22 benign) were referred for MRI of the pelvis.
  • The signal of solid and cystic tumor components was evaluated on T2W and b=1000 DWI, and ADC values were obtained.
  • RESULTS: T2W hypointensity or absence of hyperintense signal on b=1000 DWI sequences was suggestive of a benign tumor.
  • ADC values did not appear to discriminate between malignant and benign tumors.
  • Also, the signal intensity of cystic tumor components on DWI sequences was not helpful to distinguish between malignant and benign tumor.
  • CONCLUSION: The evaluation of solid tumor components on DWI appears to be helpful for adnexal tumor characterization.

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  • (PMID = 19503047.001).
  • [ISSN] 0221-0363
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal de radiologie
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Radiol
  • [Language] fre
  • [Publication-type] English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] France
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53. Fujisawa Y, Yanagisawa K, Nakamura Y, Kawachi Y, Otsuka F: Extension of a malignant tailgut cyst to a subcutaneous space in the buttock. Eur J Dermatol; 2010 Nov-Dec;20(6):788-91
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • Tailgut cysts are rare benign cystic lesions of the retrorectal space.
  • Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) showed a large cystic mass extending 25.7 cm from the pelvis to the buttock.
  • Radiological features indicated a benign cystic tumor, but the level of serum carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA) (87.5 ng/mL) was increased.
  • Measurement of serum CEA may be helpful when the tumor expresses this antigen.
  • [MeSH-minor] Aged. Biomarkers, Tumor / blood. Biopsy. Carcinoembryonic Antigen / blood. Humans. Magnetic Resonance Imaging. Male

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  • (PMID = 20956108.001).
  • [ISSN] 1167-1122
  • [Journal-full-title] European journal of dermatology : EJD
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Eur J Dermatol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] France
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Biomarkers, Tumor; 0 / Carcinoembryonic Antigen
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54. Schilling D, Hennenlotter J, Vogel U, Nagele U, Drews U, Stenzl A, Sievert KD: Giant solitary tumor in the true pelvis: atypical prostatic adenomyomatosis. Urol Int; 2007;78(2):188-92
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Giant solitary tumor in the true pelvis: atypical prostatic adenomyomatosis.
  • Decisive histology and immunohistochemistry led to the diagnosis of benign ectopic prostatic adenomyomatosis.
  • [MeSH-major] Choristoma / diagnosis. Kidney Diseases / diagnosis. Kidney Pelvis. Prostatic Hyperplasia / diagnosis

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  • [Copyright] 2007 S. Karger AG, Basel
  • (PMID = 17293665.001).
  • [ISSN] 0042-1138
  • [Journal-full-title] Urologia internationalis
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Urol. Int.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Switzerland
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55. Gungor T, Altinkaya SO, Akbay S, Bilge U, Mollamahmutoglu L: Malign mural nodules associated with serous ovarian tumor of borderline malignancy: a case report and literature review. Arch Gynecol Obstet; 2010 Mar;281(3):485-90
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Malign mural nodules associated with serous ovarian tumor of borderline malignancy: a case report and literature review.
  • BACKGROUND: Cystic tumors of ovary, whether benign, borderline, or malignant may be associated with mural nodule of various types, including sarcomas, sarcoma-like mural nodules (SLMN), and foci of anaplastic carcinoma.
  • Cases of serous borderline ovarian tumor with mural nodules of mixed type are very rare.
  • Imaging studies revealed a huge mass localized in pelvis and lower abdomen and grade 1-2 left renal hydronephrosis.
  • Adhesiolysis and de-bulking surgery were performed including bilateral pelvic, para-aortic lymphadenectomy, appendectomy and omentectomy.
  • Left ureter was found to be dilated because of the infiltration of distal part by the tumor, so distal ureteral resection and neoureterocystostomy were performed.
  • Final pathology revealed borderline serous ovarian tumor with mural nodules which were consisted of SLMNs, multiple and sharply demarcated from the adjacent tumor, and sarcomatous nodules showing infiltrative appearance in metastatic regions.

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  • (PMID = 19597831.001).
  • [ISSN] 1432-0711
  • [Journal-full-title] Archives of gynecology and obstetrics
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Arch. Gynecol. Obstet.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] Germany
  • [Number-of-references] 39
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56. Craig WD, Fanburg-Smith JC, Henry LR, Guerrero R, Barton JH: Fat-containing lesions of the retroperitoneum: radiologic-pathologic correlation. Radiographics; 2009 Jan-Feb;29(1):261-90
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  • Retroperitoneal lesions represent a broad, diverse collection of entities; when they contain fat, the differential diagnosis, which ranges from benign to fully malignant lesions, substantially narrows.
  • Pelvic lipomatosis is the overgrowth of histologically normal fat in the extraabdominal compartments of the pelvis along the perirectal and perivesicular spaces.
  • Hibernoma is a rare benign soft-tissue tumor composed of brown fat.
  • Teratomas are neoplasms that originate in pluripotent cells--benign or malignant germ cells--that give rise to a wide spectrum of mature or immature tissues that are foreign to the location in which they arise and which demonstrate varying amounts of organ formation.
  • Myelolipoma, a benign tumor composed of mature fat and interspersed hematopoietic elements that resemble bone marrow, typically originate in an otherwise normal adrenal gland.

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  • (PMID = 19168848.001).
  • [ISSN] 1527-1323
  • [Journal-full-title] Radiographics : a review publication of the Radiological Society of North America, Inc
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Radiographics
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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57. Lau SK, Weiss LM, Chu PG: Myxoid solitary fibrous tumor: a clinicopathologic study of three cases. Virchows Arch; 2009 Feb;454(2):189-94
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  • [Title] Myxoid solitary fibrous tumor: a clinicopathologic study of three cases.
  • Due to their rarity, the biologic behavior of myxoid solitary fibrous tumor has not been determined.
  • Three cases of myxoid solitary fibrous tumor are described in order to better characterize the clinical and pathologic features of this uncommon variant of solitary fibrous tumor.
  • Sites of involvement included the retroperitoneum, pelvis, and soft tissue of the neck.
  • Histologically, all cases were characterized predominantly by the presence of myxoid stroma comprising 70% to 100% of the tumor.
  • The tumor cells were predominantly spindled in all cases, and arranged randomly, in loose fascicles, or in anastomosing strands imparting a microcystic/reticular appearance.
  • To date, all cases have followed a benign course without evidence of recurrence or metastasis with a follow-up duration ranging from 50 to 87 months.

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  • (PMID = 19125290.001).
  • [ISSN] 1432-2307
  • [Journal-full-title] Virchows Archiv : an international journal of pathology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Virchows Arch.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] Germany
  • [Number-of-references] 26
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58. Hatori M, Watanabe M, Kotake H, Kokubun S: Chondrosarcoma of the ring finger: a case report and review of the literature. Tohoku J Exp Med; 2006 Mar;208(3):275-81
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  • Enchondromas are the most common benign cartilaginous bone tumors arising in the medullary cavity of the small bones of the hand.
  • In contrast, chondrosarcomas, commonly occurring in the pelvis and proximal femur and humerus, are very uncommon at this site.
  • The findings of cortical irregular thickening by plain radiography and computed tomography and soft tissue extension by magnetic resonance imaging suggested the tumor was chondrosarcoma rather than a common enchondroma.
  • Histological examination revealed that the tumor was composed of polygonal cells with eosinophilic cytoplasm proliferating in the chondromatous matrix with partially myxoid changes.
  • Nuclear irregularity, binucleated cells, bone permeation and encasement were observed and the tumor was diagnosed as grade 2 chondrosarcoma.
  • The tumor recurred five months after surgery.
  • In conclusion, details of radiological as well as pathological findings are essential for differential diagnosis between benign enchondroma and chondrosarcoma in the hand.
  • [MeSH-minor] Aged, 80 and over. Chondroma / diagnosis. Diagnosis, Differential. Disease-Free Survival. Follow-Up Studies. Humans. Magnetic Resonance Imaging. Male. Neoplasm Recurrence, Local / pathology. Neoplasm Recurrence, Local / surgery. Time Factors. Tomography, X-Ray Computed. Treatment Outcome

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  • (PMID = 16498237.001).
  • [ISSN] 0040-8727
  • [Journal-full-title] The Tohoku journal of experimental medicine
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Tohoku J. Exp. Med.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Japan
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59. Fujita M, Uehara M, Tei N, Shimizu K, Imazu T, Meguro N, Kiyohara H, Adachi S: [An unusual case of cystic nephroma protruding into the renal pelvis]. Hinyokika Kiyo; 2010 Oct;56(10):577-80
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  • [Title] [An unusual case of cystic nephroma protruding into the renal pelvis].
  • Cystic nephroma is a relatively rare and benign renal lesion of uncertain etiology.
  • Approximately 200 cases have been described, but only a few cases of cystic nephroma with prominent renal pelvis involvement have been reported.
  • Here, we report an unusual case of cystic nephroma that protruded into the renal pelvis.
  • The diagnosis of a malignant or benign lesion was not clear.
  • Macroscopic examination revealed that the giant lesion originated from the upper renal pelvis and extended into the renal pelvis.
  • In general, this tumor arises from the renal parenchyma.
  • To our knowledge, this is the fifth case report on cystic nephroma with prominent renal pelvis involvement.
  • [MeSH-major] Kidney Diseases, Cystic / pathology. Kidney Pelvis / pathology

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  • (PMID = 21063163.001).
  • [ISSN] 0018-1994
  • [Journal-full-title] Hinyokika kiyo. Acta urologica Japonica
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Hinyokika Kiyo
  • [Language] jpn
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Japan
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60. Dossett LA, Rudzinski ER, Blevins LS, Chambers EP Jr: Malignant pheochromocytoma of the organ of Zuckerkandl requiring aortic and vena caval reconstruction. Endocr Pract; 2007 Sep;13(5):493-7
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  • Imaging characteristics of the left adrenal mass were consistent with a benign adenoma, but CT also demonstrated a hypervascular para-aortic mass.
  • Findings from CT angiography of the abdomen and pelvis suggested aortic involvement and vena caval thrombus.
  • Final pathologic and operative findings confirmed a malignant pheochromocytoma of the organ of Zuckerkandl with invasion into the wall of the inferior vena cava and tumor thrombus extending into the lumen.

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  • (PMID = 17872352.001).
  • [ISSN] 1934-2403
  • [Journal-full-title] Endocrine practice : official journal of the American College of Endocrinology and the American Association of Clinical Endocrinologists
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Endocr Pract
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Iodine Radioisotopes
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61. Guo N, Liu H, Peng Z: A mesenteric paraganglioma. J Clin Neurosci; 2009 Dec;16(12):1650-1
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  • It is a rare and unusual tumor, especially in non-typical sites such as the inferior mesenteric artery.
  • She was found to have an immobile solid mass on the left side of her pelvis, adjacent to the upper segment of the uterus.
  • Tumor markers were within the normal range.
  • An intra-operative frozen section biopsy showed a benign cystic tumor.

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  • (PMID = 19767210.001).
  • [ISSN] 1532-2653
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of clinical neuroscience : official journal of the Neurosurgical Society of Australasia
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Clin Neurosci
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Scotland
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62. Carter T, Flik K, Boland P, Kennedy JG: Iliac hematoma mimicking neoplasm in adolescent athletes. Orthopedics; 2008 Nov;31(11):1144
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  • [Title] Iliac hematoma mimicking neoplasm in adolescent athletes.
  • Traumatic injuries of the hip and pelvis are common in child athletes and typically require minimal treatment.
  • However, the presentation of such injuries can at times be clinically indistinguishable from the onset of a benign or malignant neoplastic process.
  • This article presents the cases of 2 adolescent boys with traumatic injuries to the hip, in which the threat of neoplasm could not be ruled out by in both initial imaging studies.
  • The authors recommend a diagnostic algorithm to approach the differentiation of iliac hematoma from neoplasm and address the issue of waiting time in the diagnostic process.
  • Careful observation in combination with radiographic findings can yield a successful diagnosis, but the orthopedic surgeon must carefully weigh the increased risk of tumor growth against the need for biopsy.


63. Rico-Martínez G, Linares-González LM, Delgado-Cedillo EA, Estrada-Villaseñior EG, Méndez-Vázquez TE: [Unconventional hip arthroplasty for a 15-year-old benign bone fibrous histiocytoma in a pediatric patient]. Acta Ortop Mex; 2010 Nov-Dec;24(6):371-5
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] [Unconventional hip arthroplasty for a 15-year-old benign bone fibrous histiocytoma in a pediatric patient].
  • [Transliterated title] Artroplastía no convencional de cadera por histiocitoma fibroso benigno óseo en un paciente pediátrico con 15 años de evolución.
  • INTRODUCTION: Benign fibrous histiocytoma is a rare tumor with very stringent radiologic and histopathologic criteria.
  • It accounts for approximately 1% of all the benign bone tumors.
  • Its usual location is the shaft, the epiphyseal end of the long bones, the pelvis and the ribs.
  • CASE: Female, 27 year-old patient who presented at 10 years of age with a tumor in the right proximal femur, which was diagnosed as benign fibrous histiocytoma.
  • [MeSH-major] Arthroplasty, Replacement, Hip / methods. Bone Neoplasms / surgery. Hip Joint. Histiocytoma, Benign Fibrous / surgery

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  • (PMID = 21400758.001).
  • [ISSN] 2306-4102
  • [Journal-full-title] Acta ortopédica mexicana
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Acta Ortop Mex
  • [Language] spa
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Mexico
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64. Yildirim C, Rodop O, Kuşkucu M, Sahin O, Gamsizkan M: Giant solitary osteochondroma arising from the fifth metatarsal bone: a case report. J Foot Ankle Surg; 2010 May-Jun;49(3):298.e9-298.e15
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • Accounting for 20% to 50% of all benign forms, solitary osteochondroma is the most common bone tumor.
  • The long bones of the lower extremity are most frequently affected, whereas the small bones of the hands, feet, pelvis, scapula, and spine are less common locations.
  • Osteochondromas are benign osseous neoplasms with a distinct hyaline cartilage cap originating from the physis, and they cease to grow with skeletal maturity.
  • This case demonstrated that, despite the benign nature of the lesion, a large osteochondroma could localize to a metatarsal.
  • [MeSH-minor] Biopsy, Needle. Follow-Up Studies. Humans. Immunohistochemistry. Male. Neoplasm Staging. Radiographic Image Enhancement. Risk Assessment. Tomography, X-Ray Computed / methods. Treatment Outcome. Young Adult

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  • [Copyright] Copyright 2010 American College of Foot and Ankle Surgeons. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
  • (PMID = 20605564.001).
  • [ISSN] 1542-2224
  • [Journal-full-title] The Journal of foot and ankle surgery : official publication of the American College of Foot and Ankle Surgeons
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Foot Ankle Surg
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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65. Plesinac-Karapandzic V, Perisic Z, Milovanovic Z, Vukicevic D, Mileusnic D, Stevanovic J, Rakocevic Z, Saric M: Invasive inflammatory pseudotumor of the pelvis: a case report with review of the literature. J BUON; 2009 Apr-Jun;14(2):301-6
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Invasive inflammatory pseudotumor of the pelvis: a case report with review of the literature.
  • Inflammatory pseudotumor (IPT) is a rare benign lesion of unknown etiology, which mimics malignant neoplasm and may arise from various organs.
  • Computed tomographic (CT) scan revealed a 13x10.5 cm mass in the pelvis, mostly at the place of the left adnexa, uterus and both parametria, also involving the surrounding tissues and producing bilateral hydroureteronephrosis.
  • The last follow-up CT, 20 months after laparotomy, revealed no evidence of tumor.

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  • (PMID = 19650182.001).
  • [ISSN] 1107-0625
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of B.U.ON. : official journal of the Balkan Union of Oncology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J BUON
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Greece
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66. Mu DW, Zhou LQ, Ding Y, He ZS, Wang Y, He Q, Yang XY: [Clinical utility of fluorescence in situ hybridization improves the sensitivity in the diagnosis of upper urinary tract urothelial carcinoma]. Beijing Da Xue Xue Bao; 2010 Aug 18;42(4):381-5
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  • METHODS: Urine specimens from 63 consecutive patients with UUT-UC and 69 controls with benign disease were analyzed by means of cytology and FISH.
  • The sensitivities of urine cytology were 35.7% (10/28) for PTa and PT1 tumor,45.7% (16/35)for PT2-4 tumors,with an overall sensitivity of 41.3% (26/63).
  • [MeSH-major] Carcinoma / diagnosis. In Situ Hybridization, Fluorescence. Kidney Neoplasms / diagnosis. Kidney Pelvis. Ureteral Neoplasms / diagnosis

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  • (PMID = 20721247.001).
  • [ISSN] 1671-167X
  • [Journal-full-title] Beijing da xue xue bao. Yi xue ban = Journal of Peking University. Health sciences
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Beijing Da Xue Xue Bao
  • [Language] chi
  • [Publication-type] Comparative Study; English Abstract; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] China
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67. Laspas F, Roussakis A, Papadopoulos S, Fanariotis I, Kritikos N, Kehagias D: Mixed tumor of the vagina: sonographic and magnetic resonance imaging findings. Ultrasound Obstet Gynecol; 2010 May;35(5):617-9
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  • [Title] Mixed tumor of the vagina: sonographic and magnetic resonance imaging findings.
  • Mixed tumor of the vagina is a rare benign neoplasm that is composed of epithelial and mesenchymal cells.
  • The majority of tumors are asymptomatic and simple tumor excision is curative.
  • Magnetic resonance imaging of the pelvis showed a well-circumscribed ovoid mass (2.0 x 2.5 cm) on the left lateral vaginal wall.

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  • [Copyright] Copyright 2009 ISUOG. Published by John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
  • (PMID = 20069660.001).
  • [ISSN] 1469-0705
  • [Journal-full-title] Ultrasound in obstetrics & gynecology : the official journal of the International Society of Ultrasound in Obstetrics and Gynecology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Ultrasound Obstet Gynecol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] England
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68. Gleason BC, Fletcher CD: Deep "benign" fibrous histiocytoma: clinicopathologic analysis of 69 cases of a rare tumor indicating occasional metastatic potential. Am J Surg Pathol; 2008 Mar;32(3):354-62
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  • [Title] Deep "benign" fibrous histiocytoma: clinicopathologic analysis of 69 cases of a rare tumor indicating occasional metastatic potential.
  • Benign fibrous histiocytoma (FH) is one of the most common mesenchymal neoplasms of the skin.
  • Deep benign FH is an uncommon and poorly recognized clinical subtype that arises in subcutaneous or deep soft tissue.
  • The most common anatomic location was the extremities (58%); the remainder arose on the head and neck (22%), trunk (11%), and in the deep soft tissue of the retroperitoneum, mediastinum, or pelvis (9%).
  • Of the 37 patients for whom clinical follow-up was available (median, 40 mo), 8 (22%) had a local recurrence; in all 8 cases, the tumor had been marginally or incompletely excised.
  • The metastasizing tumors were large (6 and 9 cm) and 1 had tumor necrosis but they were otherwise histologically identical to the nonmetastasizing lesions.
  • [MeSH-major] Histiocytoma, Benign Fibrous / pathology. Neoplasm Metastasis / pathology. Skin Neoplasms / pathology. Soft Tissue Neoplasms / pathology
  • [MeSH-minor] Actins / analysis. Adolescent. Adult. Aged. Aged, 80 and over. Antigens, CD34 / analysis. Child. Desmin / analysis. Female. Humans. Immunohistochemistry. Male. Middle Aged. Mitosis. Necrosis. Neoplasm Recurrence, Local

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  • (PMID = 18300816.001).
  • [ISSN] 0147-5185
  • [Journal-full-title] The American journal of surgical pathology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Am. J. Surg. Pathol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Actins; 0 / Antigens, CD34; 0 / Desmin
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69. Higashiyama S, Kawabe J, Hayashi T, Kurooka H, Oe A, Kotani J, Kawamura E, Shiomi S: A case of cavernous hemangioma in which malignancy was preoperatively excluded by FDG-PET. Ann Nucl Med; 2008 May;22(4):327-30
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  • Abdominal angiography was performed but failed to rule out malignancy because it revealed vascular dislocation and encasement. (18)F-fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography (FDG-PET) was then performed, and suggested a benign tumor, with a standardized uptake value (SUV) of 1.7.
  • Following this finding, because the tumor was large and rupture could not be ruled out, we decided to perform surgery.
  • The resected tumor was a benign cavernous hemangioma, consistent with the result obtained by FDG-PET.
  • [MeSH-minor] Aged. Fluorodeoxyglucose F18 / pharmacokinetics. Humans. Male. Pelvis / pathology. Pelvis / radionuclide imaging. Positron-Emission Tomography. Radiopharmaceuticals

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  • (PMID = 18535885.001).
  • [ISSN] 0914-7187
  • [Journal-full-title] Annals of nuclear medicine
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Ann Nucl Med
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Japan
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Radiopharmaceuticals; 0Z5B2CJX4D / Fluorodeoxyglucose F18
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70. Santiago C, Lucha PA: Atypical presentation of a retrorectal ancient schwannoma: a case report and review of the literature. Mil Med; 2008 Aug;173(8):814-6
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  • Schwannomas of the presacral region are one variant described as benign tumors of neurogenic origin.
  • Computed tomography and magnetic resonance imaging of the pelvis showed a presacral mass with cystic changes and calcifications consistent with a schwannoma.
  • The patient underwent an exploratory laparotomy with resection of the tumor, which subsequent analysis showed to be a schwannoma with ancient degenerative changes.

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  • (PMID = 18751604.001).
  • [ISSN] 0026-4075
  • [Journal-full-title] Military medicine
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Mil Med
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Number-of-references] 15
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71. Herawi M, Parwani AV, Chan T, Ali SZ, Epstein JI: Polyoma virus-associated cellular changes in the urine and bladder biopsy samples: a cytohistologic correlation. Am J Surg Pathol; 2006 Mar;30(3):345-50
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  • The biopsies originated primarily from bladder (n=31) with one biopsy each from renal pelvis and urethra.
  • The histologic diagnoses of the 33 tissue biopsies were: benign urothelium (n=9), urothelial carcinoma (n=21) and 1 case each of dysplasia, small cell carcinoma, and chronic lymphocytic leukemia involving lamina propria of the bladder.
  • 3) Because some cytologically benign cases of polyoma virus were associated with malignant biopsies, careful morphologic evaluation is required to avoid false-negative urinary cytology samples.
  • The staining was present in only one of four samples from each tumor (0.63%; 2 of 316 tumor spots), which further illustrates the patchy and focal presence of virion containing cells. p53 staining in these two spots was also patchy and confined to rare nuclei.
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Aged. Antigens, Polyomavirus Transforming / metabolism. Biopsy. Female. Humans. Immunohistochemistry. Male. Middle Aged. Sensitivity and Specificity. Tumor Suppressor Protein p53 / metabolism

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  • (PMID = 16538054.001).
  • [ISSN] 0147-5185
  • [Journal-full-title] The American journal of surgical pathology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Am. J. Surg. Pathol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Antigens, Polyomavirus Transforming; 0 / Tumor Suppressor Protein p53
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72. Ando A, Hatori M, Hosaka M, Hagiwara Y, Kita A, Itoi E: Eosinophilic granuloma arising from the pelvis in children: A report of three cases. Ups J Med Sci; 2008;113(2):209-16
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  • [Title] Eosinophilic granuloma arising from the pelvis in children: A report of three cases.
  • Eosinophilic granuloma (EG) is a benign tumor-like condition which is characterized by a clonal proliferation of Langerhans-type histiocytes and defined as a local form of Langerhans cell histiocytosis (LCH).
  • Radiologically acute phase of EG is difficult to differentiate from a malignant bone tumor such as Ewing's sarcoma or acute osteomyelitis.
  • Chronic phase of EG may mimic a chronic osteomyelitis or a benign bone tumor.
  • We report 3 children's cases of EG in the pelvis which showed quite different radiological features and clinical courses.
  • These lesions resembled radiologically chronic osteomyelitis (Brodie's abscess) or a benign bone tumor and healed spontaneously after biopsy.
  • It was difficult to differentiate from a malignant tumor such as Ewing's sarcoma, or acute osteomyelitis.
  • In spite of an additional curettage, the osteolytic lesion remained in the left pelvis in 1 year.
  • [MeSH-major] Bone Neoplasms / complications. Eosinophilic Granuloma / etiology. Osteomyelitis / complications. Pelvis

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  • (PMID = 18509815.001).
  • [ISSN] 2000-1967
  • [Journal-full-title] Upsala journal of medical sciences
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Ups. J. Med. Sci.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Sweden
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73. Suzuki Y, Sugiyama N, Okamoto A, Yamamoto H, Hatakeyama S, Yoneyama T, Hasimoto Y, Koie T, Kamimura N, Ohyama C: [The giant schwannoma in the pelvic cavity: a case report]. Hinyokika Kiyo; 2010 Oct;56(10):581-3
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  • A 62-year-old man presented with a giant tumor in the pelvic cavity that was incidentally revealed by abdominal ultrasonography.
  • Abdominal magnetic resonance imaging showed the heterogenous tumor in the pelvis with cystic components.
  • The tumor was 10.8 × 10.5 × 11.7 cm in diameter and adhered to the sacral wall.
  • The tumor was extirpated following diagnosis as a benign neurogenic tumor by needle biopsy.
  • The pelvic cavity was occupied by the tumor rigidly adhered to the sacrum.
  • The histopathological diagnosis of the specimen was benign schwannoma, type Antoni A.

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  • (PMID = 21063164.001).
  • [ISSN] 0018-1994
  • [Journal-full-title] Hinyokika kiyo. Acta urologica Japonica
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Hinyokika Kiyo
  • [Language] jpn
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Japan
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74. Balke M, Streitbuerger A, Budny T, Henrichs M, Gosheger G, Hardes J: Treatment and outcome of giant cell tumors of the pelvis. Acta Orthop; 2009 Oct;80(5):590-6
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  • [Title] Treatment and outcome of giant cell tumors of the pelvis.
  • BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Giant cell tumors (GCTs) of bone rarely affect the pelvis.
  • METHODS: 20 patients with histologically benign GCT of the pelvis were included in this study.
  • RESULTS: 1 patient with a pubic tumor developed a local recurrence 1 year after intralesional resection and additional curettage of the margins.
  • INTERPRETATION: We conclude that most GCTs of the pelvis can be treated by intralesional procedures.
  • [MeSH-major] Bone Neoplasms / surgery. Giant Cell Tumor of Bone / surgery. Pelvic Bones
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Aged. Bone Cements. Bone Transplantation. Curettage. Embolization, Therapeutic / methods. Female. Follow-Up Studies. Humans. Ilium / pathology. Ilium / surgery. Male. Middle Aged. Neoplasm Recurrence, Local / prevention & control. Radiotherapy, Adjuvant. Retrospective Studies. Treatment Outcome

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  • [Cites] Acta Orthop. 2008 Feb;79(1):86-93 [18283578.001]
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  • (PMID = 19916695.001).
  • [ISSN] 1745-3682
  • [Journal-full-title] Acta orthopaedica
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Acta Orthop
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Bone Cements
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC2823344
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75. Thyavihally YB, Tongaonkar HB, Desai SB: Benign mixed epithelial stromal tumor of the renal pelvis with exophytic growth: case report. Int Semin Surg Oncol; 2005 Sep 9;2:18
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  • [Title] Benign mixed epithelial stromal tumor of the renal pelvis with exophytic growth: case report.
  • BACKGROUND: Mixed epithelial and stromal tumor (MEST) is a distinctive benign composite neoplasm of the kidney predominantly seen in females mostly in the perimenopausal period.
  • Although these tumors are known to arise from renal pelvis, our case was distinct in that it had no intrapelvic component growing in exophytic fashion.
  • A computed tomography scan of abdomen and pelvis showed a 9 x 7 cm uniformly solid mass with poor contrast enhancement situated in the inferomedial aspect of the left kidney.
  • On exploration, the mass was arising from the inferior and anterior aspect of left renal pelvis, and was attached to it with a narrow pedicle.
  • Microscopically, the tumor was composed of large collagenized areas containing bundles of spindle cells and several 'microcysts' lined by cuboidal epithelium suggestive of a benign mixed epithelial stromal tumor.
  • Commonly, it arises from the renal parenchyma and pelvis and nephrectomy is advocated to manage these tumors.
  • CONCLUSION: MEST is a distinctive benign tumor of the kidney that should be distinguished from other renal neoplasms.
  • MEST arising from the renal pelvis and growing exophytically is a rare entity.

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  • (PMID = 16150156.001).
  • [ISSN] 1477-7800
  • [Journal-full-title] International seminars in surgical oncology : ISSO
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Int Semin Surg Oncol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC1215508
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76. Yang JA, Qin ZK, Zhou FJ, Dai YP, Han H, Liu ZW: [Experiences of diagnosing and treating atypical renal angiomyolipoma--a report of 22 cases]. Ai Zheng; 2007 Mar;26(3):318-21
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • BACKGROUND & OBJECTIVE: Renal angiomyolipoma (RMAL) is a benign renal tumor.
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Aged. Biopsy. Carcinoma, Renal Cell / diagnosis. Carcinoma, Renal Cell / radiography. Carcinoma, Renal Cell / surgery. Female. Follow-Up Studies. Humans. Kidney / pathology. Kidney Pelvis / pathology. Kidney Pelvis / surgery. Magnetic Resonance Imaging. Male. Middle Aged. Nephrectomy / methods. Retrospective Studies. Tomography, X-Ray Computed

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  • (PMID = 17355799.001).
  • [Journal-full-title] Ai zheng = Aizheng = Chinese journal of cancer
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Ai Zheng
  • [Language] chi
  • [Publication-type] English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] China
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77. Slotcavage RL, Dickson BC, Ogilvie CM: Chondromyxoid fibroma involving the metacarpophalangeal joint. Orthopedics; 2009 Apr;32(4)
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  • Chondromyxoid fibroma is a rare benign bony tumor classically occurring in the metaphyseal region of the long bones surrounding the knee, but also found with relative frequency in other long bones, the pelvis, ribs, and small foot bones.
  • The tumor is considered a physeal plate remnant and may involve the epiphysis, diaphysis, or both along with its metaphyseal origin.
  • This benign, curable lesion should be included in the differential diagnosis of a bony lesion, even when a joint and adjacent bones are involved.

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  • (PMID = 19388607.001).
  • [ISSN] 1938-2367
  • [Journal-full-title] Orthopedics
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Orthopedics
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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78. Ohene-Yeboah M, Adjei E, Stalsberg H: A giant guteal schwannoma with extension into the pelvis: a case report. West Afr J Med; 2009 May;28(3):185-8
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  • [Title] A giant guteal schwannoma with extension into the pelvis: a case report.
  • OBJECTIVE: To report a case and the surgical removal of a giant complex schwannoma and to highlight the value of extensive investigations including a preoperative histologic diagnosis in the successful surgical management of uncommon large benign tumours.
  • The ultrasound scan revealed a very complex (mixed solid and fluid containing) gluteal mass with extension to the pelvis.
  • The CT scan showed a very large, well defined lobulated tumour with cystic spaces and enhancing nodules.
  • The tumour extended through the ischiadic foramen into the pelvis and posteriorly into the thigh muscles.
  • It is essential that a preoperative histological diagnosis is made to establish that the tumor is truly benign.
  • [MeSH-major] Buttocks / radiography. Neurilemmoma / pathology. Pelvis / radiography. Retroperitoneal Neoplasms / pathology

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  • (PMID = 20306737.001).
  • [ISSN] 0189-160X
  • [Journal-full-title] West African journal of medicine
  • [ISO-abbreviation] West Afr J Med
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Nigeria
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79. Piura B, Rabinovich A, Sinelnikov I, Delgado B: Tailgut cyst initially misdiagnosed as ovarian tumor. Arch Gynecol Obstet; 2005 Oct;272(4):301-3
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  • [Title] Tailgut cyst initially misdiagnosed as ovarian tumor.
  • It is usually benign and located in the retrorectal/presacral space.
  • The initial diagnosis was neoplasm of the right ovary.
  • Excision of the mass from the right pelvis and retrorectal/presacral space and total abdominal hysterectomy were performed.

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  • (PMID = 16041543.001).
  • [ISSN] 0932-0067
  • [Journal-full-title] Archives of gynecology and obstetrics
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Arch. Gynecol. Obstet.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Germany
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80. Balco MT, Burroughs FH, Ali SZ: Cytopathologic findings in an immature cystic teratoma: report of an unusual case. Diagn Cytopathol; 2007 Feb;35(2):120-2
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  • Teratomas are uncommon, usually benign tumors often found in young women.
  • The patient initially showed signs of abdominal distention and a follow-up ultrasound and computerized-tomography (CT) revealed a cystic mass in the pelvis.
  • An ultrasound-guided fine-needle aspiration (FNA) showed small round blue cells suspicious for a primitive neuronal tumor.
  • Cytologic finding of a small round blue cell tumor, therefore, was the immature component of the teratoma.

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  • (PMID = 17230577.001).
  • [ISSN] 8755-1039
  • [Journal-full-title] Diagnostic cytopathology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Diagn. Cytopathol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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81. Grewal RK, Tuttle RM, Fox J, Borkar S, Chou JF, Gonen M, Strauss HW, Larson SM, Schöder H: The effect of posttherapy 131I SPECT/CT on risk classification and management of patients with differentiated thyroid cancer. J Nucl Med; 2010 Sep;51(9):1361-7
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  • Additional SPECT/CT scans of the abdomen or pelvis were acquired if suggestive findings were noted on planar images.
  • At that time, clinical decisions regarding thyroid tumor classification were made by our multidisciplinary group based on all data, including operative findings, pathology, imaging, and thyroglobulin levels.
  • In a retrospective analysis, planar and SPECT/CT images were interpreted independently, and sites of uptake were categorized as likely benign, malignant, or equivocal.

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  • (PMID = 20720058.001).
  • [ISSN] 1535-5667
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of nuclear medicine : official publication, Society of Nuclear Medicine
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Nucl. Med.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Iodine Radioisotopes
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82. Rastogi R: Diffuse cavernous hemangioma of the penis, scrotum, perineum, and rectum--a rare tumor. Saudi J Kidney Dis Transpl; 2008 Jul;19(4):614-8
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  • [Title] Diffuse cavernous hemangioma of the penis, scrotum, perineum, and rectum--a rare tumor.
  • Hemangiomas are benign lesions that occur in any part of the body.
  • More rarely they can extend in to the pelvis making preoperative imaging imperative and decisive in treatment.

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  • (PMID = 18580022.001).
  • [ISSN] 1319-2442
  • [Journal-full-title] Saudi journal of kidney diseases and transplantation : an official publication of the Saudi Center for Organ Transplantation, Saudi Arabia
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Saudi J Kidney Dis Transpl
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Saudi Arabia
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83. Richter M, Meyer W, Küster J, Middel P: Exophytic benign mixed epithelial stromal tumour of the kidney: case report of a rare tumour entity. Diagn Pathol; 2010;5:16
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  • [Title] Exophytic benign mixed epithelial stromal tumour of the kidney: case report of a rare tumour entity.
  • BACKGROUND: Mixed epithelial and stromal tumour (MEST) represents a recently described benign composite neoplasm of the kidney, which predominantly affects perimenopausal females.
  • Most tumours are benign, although rare malignant cases have been observed.
  • A CT scan of the abdomen showed a 30-mm-in-diameter uniform mass adjacent to the pelvis of the left kidney.
  • Surgical exploration showed a tumour arising from the lower anterior hilus of the left kidney.
  • The tumour could be excised by preserving the kidney.
  • By intraoperative frozen section the tumour showed characteristic features of MEST with epithelial-covered cysts embedded in an "ovarian-like" stroma.
  • Additional immunohistochemistry investigations showed expression for hormone receptors by the stromal component of the tumour.
  • Commonly, the tumour arises from the renal parenchyma or pelvis.
  • The tumour is composed of an admixture of cystic and sometimes more solid areas.
  • CONCLUSION: MEST represents a distinctive benign tumour entity of the kidney, which affects perimenopausal woman.
  • The tumour should be distinguished from other cystic renal neoplasms.
  • By imaging studies it is difficult to distinguish between a benign or malignant nature of the tumour.
  • [MeSH-major] Epithelial Cells / pathology. Kidney Neoplasms / pathology. Mixed Tumor, Malignant / pathology. Stromal Cells / pathology

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  • (PMID = 20193076.001).
  • [ISSN] 1746-1596
  • [Journal-full-title] Diagnostic pathology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Diagn Pathol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC2842239
  • [General-notes] NLM/ Original DateCompleted: 20100609
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84. Metser U, You J, McSweeney S, Freeman M, Hendler A: Assessment of tumor recurrence in patients with colorectal cancer and elevated carcinoembryonic antigen level: FDG PET/CT versus contrast-enhanced 64-MDCT of the chest and abdomen. AJR Am J Roentgenol; 2010 Mar;194(3):766-71
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  • [Title] Assessment of tumor recurrence in patients with colorectal cancer and elevated carcinoembryonic antigen level: FDG PET/CT versus contrast-enhanced 64-MDCT of the chest and abdomen.
  • OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to compare FDG PET/CT and contrast-enhanced 64-MDCT of the chest, abdomen, and pelvis in the detection of tumor recurrence in patients with colorectal cancer and an elevated level of carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA).
  • MATERIALS AND METHODS: A retrospective analysis included 50 patients (31 men, 19 women; mean age, 61 years; range, 28-89 years) with 55 clinical events of elevated or increasing CEA level who underwent FDG PET/CT and MDCT for suspected tumor recurrence.
  • Fifty-four of 61 tumor sites suspected as tumor recurrence with any imaging technique were found to be local recurrence or metastatic colorectal cancer at final analysis.
  • The other seven sites were one separate malignant tumor (small lymphocytic lymphoma) and six benign lesions.
  • One site of tumor recurrence was missed prospectively at both MDCT and PET/CT.
  • In a tumor site-based analysis, the sensitivities of PET/CT and MDCT were 98.1% and 66.7% (p < 0.0001), and the specificities were 75% and 62.5% (p = 0.56).
  • [MeSH-major] Colorectal Neoplasms / radiography. Colorectal Neoplasms / radionuclide imaging. Fluorodeoxyglucose F18. Neoplasm Recurrence, Local / radiography. Neoplasm Recurrence, Local / radionuclide imaging. Radiopharmaceuticals. Tomography, Emission-Computed / methods. Tomography, X-Ray Computed / methods
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Aged. Aged, 80 and over. Carcinoembryonic Antigen / blood. Contrast Media. Female. Humans. Male. Middle Aged. Neoplasm Metastasis / radiography. Neoplasm Metastasis / radionuclide imaging. Radiographic Image Interpretation, Computer-Assisted. Radiography, Abdominal. Radiography, Thoracic. Sensitivity and Specificity

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  • (PMID = 20173157.001).
  • [ISSN] 1546-3141
  • [Journal-full-title] AJR. American journal of roentgenology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] AJR Am J Roentgenol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Comparative Study; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Carcinoembryonic Antigen; 0 / Contrast Media; 0 / Radiopharmaceuticals; 0Z5B2CJX4D / Fluorodeoxyglucose F18
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85. Schoth F, Persigehl T, Palmowski M: Current role and future perspective of MRI for diagnosis and characterization of renal cell carcinoma. Panminerva Med; 2010 Dec;52(4):307-18
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  • This enables not only to differentiate between benign lesions and renal cancer but also to define the tumor stage with high accuracy.
  • Tumor-related infiltration of the renal pelvis, infiltration of the perinephric fat or a tumor thrombus within the inferior caval vein has to be diagnosed with high accuracy to enable these stage adapted treatment regimens.
  • To evaluate treatment efficiency, more information than just tumor morphology should be provided.
  • [MeSH-minor] Humans. Neoplasm Invasiveness. Neoplasm Staging. Predictive Value of Tests. Treatment Outcome


86. Agaram NP, Prakash S, Antonescu CR: Deep-seated plexiform schwannoma: a pathologic study of 16 cases and comparative analysis with the superficial variety. Am J Surg Pathol; 2005 Aug;29(8):1042-8
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  • However, the frequent cellular morphology associated with hyperchromatic nuclei, increased mitoses, and plexiform growth can suggest a malignant process, mainly a high-grade malignant peripheral nerve sheath tumor (MPNST).
  • Fifteen tumors were located in the deep somatic soft tissue (extremities, 8; retroperitoneum/pelvis, 3; trunk, 2; parotid, 1; vulva, 1) and 1 tumor was located in the thoracic esophagus.
  • The 8 superficial PSs showed increased cellularity and mild to moderate pleomorphism in 62% of cases but lacked tumor necrosis.
  • It is important to differentiate these tumors from plexiform neurofibromas and MPNSTs as they follow a benign clinical course, with complete surgical excision being curative.

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  • (PMID = 16006798.001).
  • [ISSN] 0147-5185
  • [Journal-full-title] The American journal of surgical pathology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Am. J. Surg. Pathol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Comparative Study; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / S100 Proteins
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87. Gorai S, Numata T, Kawada S, Nakano M, Tamaru J, Kobayashi T: Malignant lymphoma arising from heterotopic Warthin's tumor in the neck: case report and review of the literature. Tohoku J Exp Med; 2007 Jun;212(2):199-205
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  • [Title] Malignant lymphoma arising from heterotopic Warthin's tumor in the neck: case report and review of the literature.
  • Warthin's tumor (WT), so-called adenolymphoma, is a benign salivary gland tumor with both epithelial and lymphoid histological characteristics, so the histogenesis remains unclear.
  • Treatment consists primarily of tumor removal or conservative follow up.
  • Postoperative staging examination including chest radiography, bone scan, and computed tomography of the abdomen and pelvis revealed no evidence of dissemination of malignant lymphoma.
  • Tumor removal or careful follow up is recommended in patients with WT because of the potential risk posed by such malignant transformation.

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  • (PMID = 17548964.001).
  • [ISSN] 0040-8727
  • [Journal-full-title] The Tohoku journal of experimental medicine
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Tohoku J. Exp. Med.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] Japan
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Antigens, CD20; 0 / Antigens, CD79; 0 / B-Cell-Specific Activator Protein; 0 / PAX5 protein, human
  • [Number-of-references] 28
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88. Kotrych D, Bohatyrewicz A, Kotrych K, Wilk G, Walecka A, Górecka-Szyld B, Kuprjanowicz A, Zietek P, Kołodziej L, Jaworski E: [Clinical and radiological evaluation of malignant metaplasia of benign primary bone tumors on the material of University Orthopaedic Department of Szczecin between 2002-2007]. Chir Narzadow Ruchu Ortop Pol; 2009 Jan-Feb;74(1):41-5
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  • [Title] [Clinical and radiological evaluation of malignant metaplasia of benign primary bone tumors on the material of University Orthopaedic Department of Szczecin between 2002-2007].
  • In three cases tumors were localised in tibia, in 5 patients around distal femur, in 2 in pelvis, in 2 in humerus and in 1 in lumbar spine.
  • However, one individual diagnosed with giant cell tumor metaplasia to osteosarcoma did not accept proposed therapy.

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  • (PMID = 19514479.001).
  • [Journal-full-title] Chirurgia narzadów ruchu i ortopedia polska
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Chir Narzadow Ruchu Ortop Pol
  • [Language] pol
  • [Publication-type] English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Poland
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89. Chiesa AG, Deavers MT, Veras E, Silva EG, Gershenson D, Malpica A: Ovarian intestinal type mucinous borderline tumors: are we ready for a nomenclature change? Int J Gynecol Pathol; 2010 Mar;29(2):108-12
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  • At a National Cancer Institute-sponsored workshop it was proposed that the borderline category of ovarian intestinal-type mucinous tumors (OInMTs) could be eliminated if the apparent benign behavior of these tumors could be confirmed.
  • Optimal sampling and adequate sampling were defined as at least 1 section per centimeter of maximum tumor dimension and at least 1 section per 2 cm of maximum tumor dimension, respectively.
  • Tumor size ranged from 8 to 39 cm (mean 20 cm).
  • The sampling of the ovarian tumor was optimal in 28 cases and adequate in 5 cases.
  • The tumor was incompletely removed and recurred in the pelvis 1 year later.
  • Ten months later, the tumor re-recurred in the pelvis and could only be drained because of the patient's advanced age and her poor medical status.
  • The second patient with recurrent tumor had undergone a cystectomy and full staging for a borderline OInMT.
  • [MeSH-minor] Adolescent. Adult. Aged. Aged, 80 and over. Female. Histocytochemistry. Humans. Middle Aged. Neoplasm Recurrence, Local / pathology. Neoplasm Recurrence, Local / surgery. Neoplasm Staging. Retrospective Studies. Terminology as Topic. Young Adult

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  • [CommentIn] Int J Gynecol Pathol. 2010 Nov;29(6):552-3; author reply 553-4 [20881857.001]
  • (PMID = 20173495.001).
  • [ISSN] 1538-7151
  • [Journal-full-title] International journal of gynecological pathology : official journal of the International Society of Gynecological Pathologists
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Int. J. Gynecol. Pathol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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90. Cobellis L, Pecori E, Rigatti F, Scaffa C, Rotondi M, Messalli EM: A rare case of female pelvic mass: angioleiomyoma of the broad ligament. Eur J Gynaecol Oncol; 2007;28(5):418-20
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  • Angioleiomyoma is a benign mesenchymal neoplasm composed of smooth muscle cells and thick-walled vessels.
  • Angioleiomyoma is a very rare tumor among the ever-expanding repertoire of growth variants described in benign uterine leiomyoma.
  • More rare is a solitary tumor of the broad ligament.
  • Thus angioleiomyoma of the broad ligament is an extremely rare benign tumor of the female pelvis.
  • The site of the benign mass was the left broad ligament of the uterus.
  • On pathologic examination of the specimen, the tumor was diagnosed as angioleiomyoma.
  • We present a case of angioleiomyoma of the broad ligament because of its extreme rarity and the large size of the tumor.

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  • (PMID = 17966227.001).
  • [ISSN] 0392-2936
  • [Journal-full-title] European journal of gynaecological oncology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Eur. J. Gynaecol. Oncol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Italy
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91. Medina-Franco H, Abarca-Pérez L, Ortiz-López LJ, Hinojosa-Becerril C: [Presentation of gastric cancer as a soft tissue tumor]. Rev Gastroenterol Mex; 2006 Jul-Sep;71(3):308-11
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  • [Title] [Presentation of gastric cancer as a soft tissue tumor].
  • [Transliterated title] Presentación de cáncer gástrico como tumor de tejidos blandos.
  • We report an 82 year old male, who was being evaluated for benign prostate hyperplasia and incidentally a soft tissue mass in the right buttock was discovered.
  • Postoperative work-up included a CT scan of abdomen and pelvis and upper gastrointestinal endoscopy.
  • Pathology reported the same tumor as the soft tissue mass.

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  • (PMID = 17140053.001).
  • [ISSN] 0375-0906
  • [Journal-full-title] Revista de gastroenterología de México
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Rev Gastroenterol Mex
  • [Language] spa
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Mexico
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92. Weber K, Damron TA, Frassica FJ, Sim FH: Malignant bone tumors. Instr Course Lect; 2008;57:673-88
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  • The primary symptom of a patient with a malignant bone tumor is pain, which often occurs at rest or at night.
  • Knowledge of specific tumor characteristics and treatment options for osteosarcoma, Ewing's sarcoma, chondrosarcoma, malignant fibrous histiocytoma, chordoma, and adamantinoma is important.
  • Secondary sarcomas can occur in previously benign bone lesions and require aggressive treatment.
  • Specific techniques are available for the resection of malignant bone tumors from the upper extremities, lower extremities, pelvis, and spine.
  • [MeSH-minor] Global Health. Humans. Morbidity. Neoplasm Staging / methods. Prognosis

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  • (PMID = 18399615.001).
  • [ISSN] 0065-6895
  • [Journal-full-title] Instructional course lectures
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Instr Course Lect
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't; Review
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Number-of-references] 42
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93. Herawi M, Parwani AV, Edlow D, Smolev JK, Epstein JI: Glomus tumor of renal pelvis: a case report and review of the literature. Hum Pathol; 2005 Mar;36(3):299-302
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  • [Title] Glomus tumor of renal pelvis: a case report and review of the literature.
  • Glomus tumors are uncommon benign perivascular neoplasms that have rarely been described outside of their usual peripheral soft tissue sites.
  • We report a unique case of glomus tumor of the renal pelvis in a 53-year-old woman who presented with microscopic hematuria associated with obstruction of the ureteropelvic junction and marked hydronephrosis.
  • At initial gross examination, the tumor mimicked a urothelial carcinoma.
  • [MeSH-major] Glomus Tumor / diagnosis. Kidney Neoplasms / diagnosis. Kidney Pelvis

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  • (PMID = 15791575.001).
  • [ISSN] 0046-8177
  • [Journal-full-title] Human pathology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Hum. Pathol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Number-of-references] 13
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94. Ortiz Gorraiz M, Campaña Gutiérrez MA: [Subepithelial hematoma of the renal pelvis producing a filling defect in the upper urinary tract radiological study]. Arch Esp Urol; 2005 May;58(4):354-9
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  • [Title] [Subepithelial hematoma of the renal pelvis producing a filling defect in the upper urinary tract radiological study].
  • [Transliterated title] Hematoma subepiteual de la pelvis renal como causa de defecto de repleción en el estudio radiológico del tracto urinario superior.
  • OBJECTIVES: After taking care of a patient with suspicion of upper urinary tract neoplasia which was finally diagnosed of renal pelvis subepithelial hematoma (Antopol-Goldman lesion), we decided to review such unfrequent pathology with the aim to summarize its main characteristics.
  • METHODS: The patient presented clinically and radiologically as an upper urinary tract tumor and underwent nephroureterectomy.
  • RESULTS: Pathologic study of the nephrectomy specimen reported absence of urothelial tumor and presence of a subepithelial hematoma of the renal pelvis, which explained both clinical manifestations and radiological findings.
  • CONCLUSIONS: Subepithelial hematoma of the renal pelvis is a benign lesion, more frequent in females, which appears between the fourth and sixth decades of life.
  • It simulates an upper urinary tract urothelial tumor, both clinically and radiologically, and so is treated in most published cases.
  • [MeSH-major] Kidney Pelvis

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  • (PMID = 15989101.001).
  • [ISSN] 0004-0614
  • [Journal-full-title] Archivos españoles de urología
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Arch. Esp. Urol.
  • [Language] spa
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; English Abstract; Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] Spain
  • [Number-of-references] 11
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95. Apostolova I, Gölcük E, Bohuslavizki KH, Buchert R, Brenner W: Impact of additional SPECT in bone scanning in tumor patients with suspected metastatic bone disease. Ann Nucl Med; 2009 Dec;23(10):869-75
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  • [Title] Impact of additional SPECT in bone scanning in tumor patients with suspected metastatic bone disease.
  • METHODS: The study included 271 consecutive tumor patients in whom planar imaging and two-bed position SPECT of the spine and the pelvis had been performed.
  • Findings were categorized as 'benign', 'equivocal', or 'malignant' on a lesion base, and as 'no metastatic disease', 'equivocal', or 'metastatic disease' on a patient base.
  • Most of these 'inconsistent' lesions were rated as equivocal in the planar images but benign (14.5% of all lesions) or malignant (11.0%) by SPECT.
  • On a patient base, 81.6% of patients with planar equivocal staging were classified as either benign (55.3%) or malignant (26.3%) by SPECT.
  • [MeSH-minor] Adolescent. Adult. Aged. Aged, 80 and over. Female. Humans. Male. Middle Aged. Neoplasm Staging. Retrospective Studies. Young Adult

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  • (PMID = 19924378.001).
  • [ISSN] 1864-6433
  • [Journal-full-title] Annals of nuclear medicine
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Ann Nucl Med
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Japan
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96. Lath R, Ranjan A, Ratnam BG, Gowrishankar S: Desmoplastic fibroma of the frontal bone. Neurol India; 2006 Sep;54(3):314-5
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  • Desmoplastic fibroma is a benign but locally aggressive tumor arising usually from the mandible, pelvis and long bones with a potential for recurrence.

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  • (PMID = 16936402.001).
  • [ISSN] 0028-3886
  • [Journal-full-title] Neurology India
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Neurol India
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] India
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Actins; 0 / S100 Proteins
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97. Roeder F, Timke C, Zwicker F, Thieke C, Bischof M, Debus J, Huber PE: Intensity modulated radiotherapy (IMRT) in benign giant cell tumors--a single institution case series and a short review of the literature. Radiat Oncol; 2010;5:18
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  • [Title] Intensity modulated radiotherapy (IMRT) in benign giant cell tumors--a single institution case series and a short review of the literature.
  • However, a small percentage occurs in pelvis, spine or skull bones, where complete resection is challenging.
  • PATIENTS AND METHODS: From 2000 and 2006 a total of five patients with histologically proven benign giant cell tumors have been treated with IMRT in our institution.
  • The tumor was located in the sacral region in four and in the sphenoid sinus in one patient.
  • We found no substantial tumor shrinkage after radiotherapy but in two patients morphological signs of extensive tumor necrosis were present on MRI scans.
  • [MeSH-major] Giant Cell Tumor of Bone / radiotherapy. Radiotherapy, Intensity-Modulated

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  • (PMID = 20187955.001).
  • [ISSN] 1748-717X
  • [Journal-full-title] Radiation oncology (London, England)
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Radiat Oncol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Number-of-references] 31
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC2845594
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98. Simpfendorfer CS, Ilaslan H, Davies AM, James SL, Obuchowski NA, Sundaram M: Does the presence of focal normal marrow fat signal within a tumor on MRI exclude malignancy? An analysis of 184 histologically proven tumors of the pelvic and appendicular skeleton. Skeletal Radiol; 2008 Sep;37(9):797-804
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Does the presence of focal normal marrow fat signal within a tumor on MRI exclude malignancy? An analysis of 184 histologically proven tumors of the pelvic and appendicular skeleton.
  • OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to determine if the presence of focal normal bone marrow fat signal within a tumor on magnetic resonance imaging excludes malignancy.
  • MATERIALS AND METHODS: One hundred eighty-four histologically proven tumors with available magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) of the appendicular skeleton and pelvis from 184 patients were collected and reviewed at two separate institutions.
  • There were 111 malignant and 73 benign tumors.
  • Two radiologists at each institution, blinded to the diagnosis, reviewed the MRIs independently and reported the presence or absence of normal marrow fat signal within the tumor based upon T1-weighted imaging without fat suppression and T2-weighted imaging with fat suppression and/or short inversion-time inversion recovery (STIR).
  • For each institution, a Fisher's exact test was used to compare the frequency of focal normal marrow fat signal in benign and malignant tumors.
  • Fisher's exact test was also used to compare the frequency of intratumoral fat in benign and malignant lesions for the pooled sample.
  • There were three discrepancies (one malignant and two benign) at site 1 and four discrepancies (two malignant and two benign) at site 2.
  • Reader consensus at site 1 identified normal marrow fat signal within 1 of 50 (2.0%) malignant and three of 14 (21.4%) benign tumors.
  • Reader consensus at site 2 identified normal marrow fat signal within three of 61 (4.9%) malignant and 14 of 59 (23.7%) benign tumors.
  • For the pooled consensus, the frequency of intratumoral fat in benign lesions (17/73, 23.3%) is significantly greater than the frequency in malignant lesions (4/111, 3.6%), p < 0.001.
  • CONCLUSION: The presence of focal normal marrow signal within a tumor is highly suggestive of a benign tumor.
  • [MeSH-minor] Algorithms. Bayes Theorem. Female. Humans. Male. Neoplasm Metastasis. Predictive Value of Tests. Reproducibility of Results


99. Matsuta Y, Moriyama N, Oyama N, Miwa Y, Akino H, Yokoyama O, Kaizaki Y: [Nodular fasciitis arose in the pelvis : a case report]. Hinyokika Kiyo; 2010 Jan;56(1):35-9
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] [Nodular fasciitis arose in the pelvis : a case report].
  • Her symptoms were improved by the administration of an antibiotic, but transabdominal ultrasonography revealed a mass in her pelvis.
  • The pelvic magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) depicted a solid tumor in the retropubic space.
  • The patient requested hasty surgical excision of the tumor, rather than the conservative treatment after the diagnosis by cytology and biopsy.
  • Frequently, it resembles a sarcoma, but it is said to be a benign disorder.
  • To our knowledge, this is the first case of the nodular fasciitis arising in the pelvis.
  • [MeSH-major] Fasciitis / pathology. Pelvis

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  • (PMID = 20104008.001).
  • [ISSN] 0018-1994
  • [Journal-full-title] Hinyokika kiyo. Acta urologica Japonica
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Hinyokika Kiyo
  • [Language] jpn
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; English Abstract; Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] Japan
  • [Number-of-references] 17
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100. Alderete J, Novais EN, Dozois EJ, Rose PS, Sim FF: Morbidity and functional status of patients with pelvic neurogenic tumors after wide excision. Clin Orthop Relat Res; 2010 Nov;468(11):2948-53
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • BACKGROUND: We previously reported that over the last 10 years our practice has evolved in the treatment of neurogenic tumors of the pelvis to include a multispecialty team of surgeons, a factor that might decrease morbidity and improve recurrence, survival, and function.
  • QUESTIONS/PURPOSES: Therefore, we (1) assessed the morbidity associated with surgical excision in patients with neurogenic tumors of the pelvis;.
  • METHODS: We reviewed the records of all 38 patients who had surgery for a pelvic plexus tumor between 1994 and 2005.
  • Twelve patients had a malignant tumor.
  • We recorded demographic data, postoperative complications, tumor-specific recurrence, and determined survival.
  • Patients with benign tumors had a mean MSTS score of 94%, while survivors of malignant disease had a mean of 57%.
  • CONCLUSION: Using a team approach, surgical excision provided high functional scores for patients with benign disease with a low rate of complications.
  • [MeSH-minor] Adolescent. Adult. Aged. Child. Child, Preschool. Female. Humans. Infant. Kaplan-Meier Estimate. Male. Middle Aged. Minnesota. Neoplasm Recurrence, Local. Recovery of Function. Retrospective Studies. Survival Rate. Time Factors. Treatment Outcome. Young Adult

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  • (PMID = 20668971.001).
  • [ISSN] 1528-1132
  • [Journal-full-title] Clinical orthopaedics and related research
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Clin. Orthop. Relat. Res.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC2947704
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