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1. Glazebrook KN, Reynolds CA: Mammary fibromatosis. AJR Am J Roentgenol; 2009 Sep;193(3):856-60
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  • CONCLUSION: Mammary fibromatosis is a rare, benign, nonmetastasizing stromal tumor.
  • It presents clinically and radiologically as a palpable, spiculated, and locally invasive tumor that is suspicious for malignancy.
  • Although histologically benign, the tumor is locally aggressive and has significant recurrence rates.
  • [MeSH-major] Breast Neoplasms / diagnosis. Breast Neoplasms, Male / diagnosis. Fibroma / diagnosis
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Diagnosis, Differential. Female. Humans. Magnetic Resonance Imaging. Male. Middle Aged. Retrospective Studies. Ultrasonography, Mammary

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  • (PMID = 19696302.001).
  • [ISSN] 1546-3141
  • [Journal-full-title] AJR. American journal of roentgenology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] AJR Am J Roentgenol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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2. Vincensini D, Dedieu V, Eliat PA, Vincent C, Bailly C, de Certaines J, Joffre F: Magnetic resonance imaging measurements of vascular permeability and extracellular volume fraction of breast tumors by dynamic Gd-DTPA-enhanced relaxometry. Magn Reson Imaging; 2007 Apr;25(3):293-302
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  • [Title] Magnetic resonance imaging measurements of vascular permeability and extracellular volume fraction of breast tumors by dynamic Gd-DTPA-enhanced relaxometry.
  • Vascular permeability (k(ep), min(-1)) and extracellular volume fraction (v(e)) are tissue parameters of great interest to characterize malignant tumor lesions.
  • Thus, before treatment, these tissue parameters may prove useful to evaluate tumor aggressiveness and to predict responsiveness to therapy and variations during cytotoxic therapies could allow to assess treatment efficacy and early modified therapy schedules in case of poor responsiveness.
  • In this work, blood-tissue permeability and extracellular volume fraction information were derived from magnetic resonance imaging dynamic longitudinal relaxation rate (R(1)) mapping obtained after an intravenous bolus injection of Gd-DTPA in a group of 92 female patients with breast lesions, 68 of these being histologically proven to be with carcinoma.
  • For the sake of comparison, 24 benign lesions were studied.
  • As a consequence of neoangiogenesis, results showed a higher permeability in malignant than in benign lesions, whereas the extracellular volume fraction value did not allow any discrimination between benign and malignant lesions.
  • [MeSH-major] Breast Neoplasms / blood supply. Breast Neoplasms / pathology. Capillary Permeability. Gadolinium DTPA. Image Interpretation, Computer-Assisted / methods. Magnetic Resonance Imaging / methods. Microcirculation / pathology
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Aged. Contrast Media. Extracellular Fluid. Female. Humans. Image Enhancement / methods. Male. Middle Aged

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  • (PMID = 17371717.001).
  • [ISSN] 0730-725X
  • [Journal-full-title] Magnetic resonance imaging
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Magn Reson Imaging
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Evaluation Studies; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Contrast Media; K2I13DR72L / Gadolinium DTPA
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3. Smarrito S, Salmon R: [Desmoid tumor in a male breast in the context of Gardner's syndrome. Case report]. Ann Chir; 2005 Jan;130(1):40-3
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  • [Title] [Desmoid tumor in a male breast in the context of Gardner's syndrome. Case report].
  • [Transliterated title] Tumeur desmoïde du sein chez l'homme dans le cadre d'un syndrome de Gardner. A propos d'un cas.
  • Fibromatosis (Desmoid tumor) of the male breast is an exceptional location.
  • We present a case of such a tumor, in the context of Gardner's syndrome.
  • A palpable mass was discovered in the right breast of a 52 years old man, with a history of rectocolic adenomatous polyposis.
  • Mammography ant thoracic CT scan showed a stellar tumor, mimicking a breast cancer.
  • Treatment consisted of wide excision and histology revealed a desmoid tumor.
  • Desmoid tumors of the breast are benign lesions; they should be widely excised because of a high risk of recurrence.
  • Coloscopy is indicated in the presence of mammary fibromatosis, to look for associated multiple polyps, confirming the diagnosis of Gardner's syndrome.
  • [MeSH-major] Breast Neoplasms, Male / pathology. Breast Neoplasms, Male / surgery. Fibromatosis, Aggressive / pathology. Fibromatosis, Aggressive / surgery. Gardner Syndrome / complications
  • [MeSH-minor] Colonoscopy. Humans. Male. Middle Aged. Risk Factors. Tomography, X-Ray Computed

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  • (PMID = 15664376.001).
  • [ISSN] 0003-3944
  • [Journal-full-title] Annales de chirurgie
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Ann Chir
  • [Language] fre
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] France
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4. Meguerditchian AN, Malik DA, Hicks DG, Kulkarni S: Solitary fibrous tumor of the breast and mammary myofibroblastoma: the same lesion? Breast J; 2008 May-Jun;14(3):287-92
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  • [Title] Solitary fibrous tumor of the breast and mammary myofibroblastoma: the same lesion?
  • Benign stromal tumors of the breast are rare mesenchymal neoplasms that have significant clinical and morphologic overlap.
  • We report the case of a spindle cell tumor occurring in the mammary gland with mixed features of solitary fibrous tumor and mammary myofibroblastoma.
  • [MeSH-major] Breast Neoplasms, Male / pathology. Neoplasms, Muscle Tissue / pathology. Solitary Fibrous Tumors / pathology
  • [MeSH-minor] Aged. Humans. Male

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  • (PMID = 18384484.001).
  • [ISSN] 1524-4741
  • [Journal-full-title] The breast journal
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Breast J
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Number-of-references] 26
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5. Behera MA, Dai Q, Garde R, Saner C, Jungheim E, Price TM: Progesterone stimulates mitochondrial activity with subsequent inhibition of apoptosis in MCF-10A benign breast epithelial cells. Am J Physiol Endocrinol Metab; 2009 Nov;297(5):E1089-96
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  • [Title] Progesterone stimulates mitochondrial activity with subsequent inhibition of apoptosis in MCF-10A benign breast epithelial cells.
  • The effects of progesterone on breast epithelial cells remain poorly defined with observations showing both proliferative and antiproliferative effects.
  • The release of paracrine growth factors from nuclear receptor-positive cells has been postulated as a mechanism, since in vitro studies show a lack of growth effect by progesterone in breast epithelial cells lacking nuclear receptors.
  • This study examined possible nongenomic effects of progesterone in breast epithelia by using MCF-10A cells known to lack nuclear progesterone receptor expression.
  • Our study demonstrates a nongenomic action of progesterone on benign breast epithelial cells, resulting in enhanced cellular respiration and protection from apoptosis.

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  • (PMID = 19690070.001).
  • [ISSN] 1522-1555
  • [Journal-full-title] American journal of physiology. Endocrinology and metabolism
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Am. J. Physiol. Endocrinol. Metab.
  • [Language] ENG
  • [Grant] United States / NICHD NIH HHS / HD / 1R03HD-052770-01
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Antigens, CD95; 0 / Inhibitor of Differentiation Protein 1; 0 / Protein Synthesis Inhibitors; 0 / Receptors, Progesterone; 0 / Transforming Growth Factor beta1; 4G7DS2Q64Y / Progesterone; 8L70Q75FXE / Adenosine Triphosphate; 98600C0908 / Cycloheximide; EC 3.4.21.- / Kallikreins; EC 3.4.22.- / Caspases; EC 3.4.24.- / Matrix Metalloproteinases
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6. Nonn L, Ananthanarayanan V, Gann PH: Evidence for field cancerization of the prostate. Prostate; 2009 Sep 15;69(13):1470-9
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  • In addition to comparing cancer-adjacent benign tissue to more distant areas or to "supernormal" tissue from cancer-free organs, investigators can use a nested case-control design for negative biopsies that offers a number of unique advantages.
  • CONCLUSIONS: True carcinogenic field effects should be distinguished from secondary responses of the microenvironment to a developing tumor, although the latter may still lead to useful clinical prediction tools.

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  • (PMID = 19462462.001).
  • [ISSN] 1097-0045
  • [Journal-full-title] The Prostate
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Prostate
  • [Language] ENG
  • [Grant] United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / R01 CA090759; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / R03 CA131595; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / R01 CA90759
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't; Review
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Biomarkers, Tumor; 0 / Genetic Markers
  • [Number-of-references] 59
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ NIHMS482768; NLM/ PMC3690597
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7. Paulino AC, Fowler BZ: Secondary neoplasms after radiotherapy for a childhood solid tumor. Pediatr Hematol Oncol; 2005 Mar;22(2):89-101
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  • [Title] Secondary neoplasms after radiotherapy for a childhood solid tumor.
  • This study was conducted to determine the outcome of patients who develop a second neoplasm after radiotherapy (RT) for a childhood solid tumor.
  • From 1956 to 1998, 429 children with a malignant solid tumor were treated at a single radiation oncology facility.
  • The medical records and radiotherapy charts were reviewed to determine if the patient developed a secondary neoplasm after treatment for malignancy.
  • Twenty-three (5.4%) patients developed a secondary neoplasm.
  • There were 14 malignant neoplasms in 13 (3.0%) and 14 benign neoplasms in 11 patients (2.6%).
  • The types of initial solid tumors treated with RT were Ewing sarcoma in 6, Wilms tumor in 6, medulloblastoma in 5, neuroblastoma in 3, and other in 3.
  • For the 14 malignant neoplasms, the median time interval from initial tumor to second malignancy was 10.1 years.
  • The 14 second malignant neoplasms (SMN) were osteosarcoma in 3, breast carcinoma in 2, melanoma in 2, malignant fibrous histiocytoma in 1, dermatofibrosarcoma in 1, leiomyosarcoma in 1, mucoepidermoid carcinoma in 1, colon cancer in 1, chronic myelogenous leukemia in 1, and basal cell carcinoma in 1.
  • The 5- and 10-year overall survival rate after diagnosis of an SMN was 69.2%; it was 70% for children with a SMN at the edge or inside the RT field and 66.7% for those outside of the RT field.
  • The 14 benign neoplasms appeared at a median time of 16.9 years and included cervical intraepithelial neoplasia in 3, osteochondroma in 3, thyroid adenoma in 1, duodenal adenoma in 1, lipoma in 1, cherry angioma in 1, uterine leiomyoma in 1, ovarian cystadenofibroma in 1, and giant cell tumor in 1.
  • Only 5 (36%) of the 14 benign tumors occurred in the RT field, with osteochondroma being the most common.
  • More than two-thirds of children with a radiation-induced malignancy are alive 10 years after the diagnosis of a SMN.
  • [MeSH-minor] Adolescent. Adult. Cause of Death. Child. Child, Preschool. Female. Follow-Up Studies. Humans. Infant. Male. Radiation Dosage. Retrospective Studies. Survival Rate


8. Kara C, Kutlu AO, Tosun MS, Apaydin S, Senel F: Sertoli cell tumor causing prepubertal gynecomastia in a boy with peutz-jeghers syndrome: the outcome of 1-year treatment with the aromatase inhibitor testolactone. Horm Res; 2005;63(5):252-6
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  • [Title] Sertoli cell tumor causing prepubertal gynecomastia in a boy with peutz-jeghers syndrome: the outcome of 1-year treatment with the aromatase inhibitor testolactone.
  • Peutz-Jeghers syndrome (PJS) is a rare disorder characterized by benign intestinal hamartomatous polyps and mucocutaneous pigmentation, and with an increased risk for intestinal and extra-intestinal neoplasms.
  • We report on a 7.25-year-old boy with PJS, bilateral gynecomastia, Sertoli cell tumor and nephrocalcinosis, and present the outcome of 1-year treatment with the aromatase inhibitor testolactone.
  • The patient presented with bilateral breast and testis enlargement, and mucocutaneous pigmentation.
  • One-year treatment with testolactone reduced the breast base diameter from 7 to 3 cm, and bone age advanced 1.2 years during this period.
  • [MeSH-major] Aromatase Inhibitors / therapeutic use. Gynecomastia / complications. Peutz-Jeghers Syndrome / complications. Sertoli Cell Tumor / complications. Testicular Neoplasms / complications. Testolactone / therapeutic use
  • [MeSH-minor] Child. Humans. Male. Nephrocalcinosis / complications

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  • (PMID = 15947469.001).
  • [ISSN] 0301-0163
  • [Journal-full-title] Hormone research
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Horm. Res.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Switzerland
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Aromatase Inhibitors; 6J9BLA949Q / Testolactone
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9. Lan Y, Zhang Y, Wang J, Lin C, Ittmann MM, Wang F: Aberrant expression of Cks1 and Cks2 contributes to prostate tumorigenesis by promoting proliferation and inhibiting programmed cell death. Int J Cancer; 2008 Aug 1;123(3):543-51
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  • Forced expression of Cks1 and Cks2 in benign prostate tumor epithelial cells promoted cell population growth.
  • Knockdown of Cks1 expression in malignant prostate tumor cells inhibited proliferation, anchorage-independent growth, and migration activities, whereas knockdown of Cks2 expression induced programmed cell death and inhibited the tumorigenicity.
  • Collectively, the data suggest that elevated expression of Cks1 contributes to the tumorigenicity of prostate tumor cells by promoting cell growth and elevated expression of Cks2 protects the cells from apoptosis.

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  • (PMID = 18498131.001).
  • [ISSN] 1097-0215
  • [Journal-full-title] International journal of cancer
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Int. J. Cancer
  • [Language] ENG
  • [Grant] United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / CA096824-01A1; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / R01 CA096824-01A1; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / CA096824-05; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / R01 CA096824-05; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / R56 CA096824; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / CA096824; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / R01 CA096824
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / CKS1B protein, human; 0 / CKS2 protein, human; 0 / Carrier Proteins; 0 / Cell Cycle Proteins; 0 / DNA, Complementary; 0 / RNA, Messenger; EC 2.7.- / Protein Kinases; EC 2.7.11.22 / CDC2-CDC28 Kinases; EC 2.7.11.22 / CDC28 Protein Kinase, S cerevisiae; EC 2.7.11.22 / Cks1 protein, mouse; EC 2.7.11.22 / Cks2 protein, mouse; EC 2.7.11.22 / Cyclin-Dependent Kinases
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ NIHMS93124; NLM/ PMC3262990
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10. Porcel JM, Salud A, Vives M, Esquerda A, Rodríguez-Panadero F: Soluble oncoprotein 185HER-2 in pleural fluid has limited usefulness for the diagnostic evaluation of malignant effusions. Clin Biochem; 2005 Nov;38(11):1031-3
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  • OBJECTIVES: To investigate whether pleural levels of the soluble oncoprotein 185 HER-2 (sp185(HER-2)), individually or in combination with CEA and CA 15-3, were useful for the diagnosis of malignant effusions.
  • DESIGN AND METHODS: Levels of CEA, CA 15-3, and sp185(HER-2) were measured in the pleural fluid from 135 malignant and 103 benign effusions.
  • Thresholds of these tumor markers were chosen for a diagnostic specificity of >or=99%.
  • RESULTS: Pleural sp185(HER-2) levels greater than 25 ng/mL were observed in 20% of breast and 10% of lung adenocarcinomas, and predicted a malignant effusion with a sensitivity of 7% and a likelihood ratio of 7.6.
  • Only 1 patient with breast adenocarcinoma among 45 cytology-negative malignant effusions had sp185(HER-2) above the diagnostic cutoff point.
  • [MeSH-major] Biomarkers, Tumor / analysis. Pleural Effusion, Malignant / diagnosis. Receptor, ErbB-2 / analysis
  • [MeSH-minor] Adenocarcinoma / diagnosis. Aged. Breast Neoplasms / diagnosis. Carcinoembryonic Antigen / analysis. False Negative Reactions. Humans. Likelihood Functions. Lung Neoplasms / diagnosis. Male. Middle Aged. Mucin-1 / analysis. Pleural Effusion / chemistry. Pleural Effusion / diagnosis. Sensitivity and Specificity

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  • (PMID = 15925354.001).
  • [ISSN] 0009-9120
  • [Journal-full-title] Clinical biochemistry
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Clin. Biochem.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Biomarkers, Tumor; 0 / Carcinoembryonic Antigen; 0 / Mucin-1; EC 2.7.10.1 / Receptor, ErbB-2
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11. Shin SJ, Lesser M, Rosen PP: Hemangiomas and angiosarcomas of the breast: diagnostic utility of cell cycle markers with emphasis on Ki-67. Arch Pathol Lab Med; 2007 Apr;131(4):538-44
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  • [Title] Hemangiomas and angiosarcomas of the breast: diagnostic utility of cell cycle markers with emphasis on Ki-67.
  • CONTEXT: Vascular tumors comprise a minor subgroup of tumors arising in the breast and represent variants of hemangiomas and angiosarcomas.
  • Ki-67 expression has been used as an adjunct to distinguish between benign and malignant lesions exhibiting histologic overlap at various anatomic sites.
  • OBJECTIVE: To investigate the utility of Ki-67 and other cell cycle regulatory proteins (S-phase kinase-associated protein 2 [Skp2], p27, and cyclin D1) in the differential diagnosis of mammary vascular lesions.
  • DESIGN: Thirty-four vascular tumors (21 hemangiomas and 13 angiosarcomas) of the breast were studied.
  • CONCLUSIONS: Ki-67 index can be used as a diagnostic tool to distinguish between benign and malignant vascular lesions of the breast.
  • [MeSH-major] Breast Neoplasms / diagnosis. Breast Neoplasms, Male / diagnosis. Hemangioma / diagnosis. Hemangiosarcoma / diagnosis. Ki-67 Antigen / metabolism
  • [MeSH-minor] Biomarkers, Tumor / analysis. Cell Cycle. Cyclin D1 / metabolism. Diagnosis, Differential. Female. Humans. Immunohistochemistry. Male. Middle Aged. Proliferating Cell Nuclear Antigen / metabolism. S-Phase Kinase-Associated Proteins / metabolism. Sensitivity and Specificity


12. Nassar A, Amin MB, Sexton DG, Cohen C: Utility of alpha-methylacyl coenzyme A racemase (p504s antibody) as a diagnostic immunohistochemical marker for cancer. Appl Immunohistochem Mol Morphol; 2005 Sep;13(3):252-5
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  • Recently, AMACR has been demonstrated to be overexpressed in localized and metastatic prostate cancer and in high-grade prostatic intraepithelial neoplasia but not in normal prostatic glands, suggesting that it may be an important tumor marker.
  • This study examines AMACR expression in a variety of human cancers to assess its viability as a tumor marker in the clinical setting.
  • Cancers studied included breast (94 cases), prostate (38), lung (28), endometrium (27), colon (29), ovary (26), and melanoma (21).
  • A section of prostate cancer and prostatic intraepithelial neoplasia was used as positive control.
  • AMACR protein overexpression was found in several cancers, including prostate (34/38 [89.5%]), colon (13/29 [44.8%]), lung (4/28 [14.3%]), melanoma (2/21 [9.5%]), endometrium (2/27 [7.4%]), and breast (3/94 [3.2%]).
  • AMACR expression was not present in any of the normal tissues nor in benign prostatic tissue associated with prostate carcinomas.
  • This study suggests that AMACR is potentially an important tumor marker, particularly for prostate and colon cancer.
  • It may be a useful adjunct to an immunohistochemical panel employed in the differential diagnosis of colon versus ovarian and breast carcinoma; the latter two infrequently express AMACR.

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  • (PMID = 16082251.001).
  • [ISSN] 1541-2016
  • [Journal-full-title] Applied immunohistochemistry & molecular morphology : AIMM
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Appl. Immunohistochem. Mol. Morphol.
  • [Language] ENG
  • [Publication-type] Evaluation Studies; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Biomarkers, Tumor; EC 5.1.- / Racemases and Epimerases; EC 5.1.99.4 / alpha-methylacyl-CoA racemase
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13. Ewan King L, Li X, Cheikh Saad Bouh K, Pedneault M, Chu CW: Human kallikrein 10 ELISA development and validation in breast cancer sera. Clin Biochem; 2007 Sep;40(13-14):1057-62
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  • [Title] Human kallikrein 10 ELISA development and validation in breast cancer sera.
  • There is significant interest in measuring hK10 which may act as a tumor suppressor in some cancers.
  • We have developed an ELISA for hK10 and determined its analytical and clinical performance in normal and breast cancer sera.
  • The assay was analytically validated and used to determine serum levels of hK10 in a set of breast cancer, benign breast disease and normal samples.
  • Concentrations were not age related and were not significantly different from benign fibrocystic disease or breast cancer.
  • However, in a subset of breast cancer patients with both early and late stage disease, serum hK10 levels were elevated, at >1.55 ng/mL, above all normal female and benign disease samples.
  • CONCLUSIONS: We report in detail the analytical performance of a colorimetric hK10 ELISA validated in human serum and report for the first time the hK10 serum concentration in benign and breast cancer samples.
  • [MeSH-major] Breast Neoplasms / blood. Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay / methods. Kallikreins / blood
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Aged. Aged, 80 and over. Female. Humans. Male. Middle Aged. Reproducibility of Results

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  • (PMID = 17585892.001).
  • [ISSN] 0009-9120
  • [Journal-full-title] Clinical biochemistry
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Clin. Biochem.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] EC 3.4.21.- / KLK10 protein, human; EC 3.4.21.- / Kallikreins
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14. Grunberg SM, Weiss MH, Russell CA, Spitz IM, Ahmadi J, Sadun A, Sitruk-Ware R: Long-term administration of mifepristone (RU486): clinical tolerance during extended treatment of meningioma. Cancer Invest; 2006 Dec;24(8):727-33
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  • Meningioma is a benign central nervous system tumor that is often progesterone-but not estrogen-receptor positive, making long-term antiprogestational therapy a logical treatment strategy.
  • Serial follow-up allowed evaluation for tolerability and side effects of long-term therapy as well as observation for efficacy (tumor shrinkage or improvement in visual fields).
  • Repeated oral administration was well tolerated with mild fatigue (22 patients), hot flashes (13 patients), and gynecomastia/breast tenderness (6 patients) being the most common side effects.
  • Minor responses (improved automated visual field examination or improved CT or MRI scan) were noted in 8 patients, 7 of whom were male or premenopausal female.
  • Minor regression of meningioma that can result in significant clinical benefit is suggested in the male and premenopausal female subgroups of patients.
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Aged. Aged, 80 and over. Combined Modality Therapy. Female. Humans. Male. Middle Aged. Treatment Outcome

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  • (PMID = 17162554.001).
  • [ISSN] 0735-7907
  • [Journal-full-title] Cancer investigation
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Cancer Invest.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Grant] United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / 2P30 CA14089
  • [Publication-type] Clinical Trial, Phase II; Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Contraceptives, Oral, Synthetic; 320T6RNW1F / Mifepristone
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15. Wang F, Wang Z, Wu J, Qu W, Yao W, Zhao J, Liu Z: The role of technetium-99m-labeled octreotide acetate scintigraphy in suspected breast cancer and correlates with expression of SSTR. Nucl Med Biol; 2008 Aug;35(6):665-71
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  • [Title] The role of technetium-99m-labeled octreotide acetate scintigraphy in suspected breast cancer and correlates with expression of SSTR.
  • PURPOSE: To evaluate the value of (99m)Tc-octreotide acetate (hereafter, (99m)Tc-octreotide) somatostatin receptor (SSTR) scintigraphy in the detection of primary breast cancer and to correlate with expression of SSTRs.
  • MATERIALS AND METHODS: Fifty-four female and 1 male patients (range, 17-77 years; mean age, 48 years) with palpable breast lesion were included in this study. (99m)Tc-octreotide and (99m)Tc-MIBI scintigraphy were undertaken in all patients, and the region of interest was drawn around each lesion.
  • Tumor uptake was measured and expressed as the ratio of tumor to normal tissue activity (T/NT).
  • Final clinical diagnosis was confirmed by histopathological analysis.
  • Expression of SSTR1-5 mRNA was measured with RT-PCR in 15 patients with malignant neoplasm, and protein level of SSTR-2 and SSTR-5 was measured using immunohistochemical staining in 15 patients with malignant neoplasm and 18 patients with benign lesion.
  • RESULTS: Thirty-five patients were confirmed to have infiltrative ductal breast carcinoma, 1 patient with cellular cancer, 1 patient with adenocarcinoma and 18 patients had benign lesions.
  • CONCLUSION: (99m)Tc-octreotide acetate scintigraphy was sensitive for the detection of primary lesion of breast cancer; however, nonspecific breast tissue uptake hampered the specificity and clinical value in the detection of lymph node metastasis.
  • Five subtypes of SSTR mRNA and protein SSTR2 and SSTR5 were expressed variably in breast cancer due to tumor heterogeneity. (99m)Tc-octreotide imaging may hold promise in the evaluation of the level of SSTR2 in vivo.
  • [MeSH-major] Breast Neoplasms / metabolism. Breast Neoplasms / radionuclide imaging. Octreotide / analogs & derivatives. Organotechnetium Compounds / pharmacokinetics. Receptors, Somatostatin / metabolism
  • [MeSH-minor] Adolescent. Adult. Female. Humans. Lymphatic Metastasis. Male. Middle Aged. Radiopharmaceuticals / pharmacokinetics. Reproducibility of Results. Sensitivity and Specificity

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  • (PMID = 18678351.001).
  • [ISSN] 0969-8051
  • [Journal-full-title] Nuclear medicine and biology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Nucl. Med. Biol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / 99mTc-octreotide; 0 / Organotechnetium Compounds; 0 / Radiopharmaceuticals; 0 / Receptors, Somatostatin; RWM8CCW8GP / Octreotide
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16. Mainiero MB, Cinelli CM, Koelliker SL, Graves TA, Chung MA: Axillary ultrasound and fine-needle aspiration in the preoperative evaluation of the breast cancer patient: an algorithm based on tumor size and lymph node appearance. AJR Am J Roentgenol; 2010 Nov;195(5):1261-7
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  • [Title] Axillary ultrasound and fine-needle aspiration in the preoperative evaluation of the breast cancer patient: an algorithm based on tumor size and lymph node appearance.
  • OBJECTIVE: The objective of our study was to evaluate the utility of ultrasound-guided fine-needle aspiration (FNA) of the axillary lymph nodes in breast cancer patients depending on the size of the primary tumor and the appearance of the lymph nodes.
  • SUBJECTS AND METHODS: Data were collected about tumor size, lymph node appearance, and the results of ultrasound-guided FNA and axillary surgery of 224 patients with breast cancer undergoing 226 ultrasound-guided FNA.
  • Lymph nodes were classified as benign if the cortex was even and measured < 3 mm, indeterminate if the cortex was even but measured ≥ 3 mm or measured < 3 mm but was focally thickened, and suspicious if the cortex was focally thickened and measured ≥ 3 mm or the fatty hilum was absent.
  • The results of ultrasound-guided FNAs were analyzed by the sonographic appearance of the axillary lymph nodes and by the size of the primary tumor.
  • [MeSH-major] Axilla / pathology. Biopsy, Fine-Needle / methods. Breast Neoplasms / pathology. Lymphatic Metastasis / pathology. Ultrasonography, Interventional
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Aged. Aged, 80 and over. Breast Neoplasms, Male / pathology. Breast Neoplasms, Male / surgery. Breast Neoplasms, Male / ultrasonography. Female. Humans. Male. Middle Aged. Neoplasm Staging. Preoperative Care. Prospective Studies. Sensitivity and Specificity. Sentinel Lymph Node Biopsy

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  • [CommentIn] AJR Am J Roentgenol. 2011 Jul;197(1):W194; author reply W195 [21700988.001]
  • (PMID = 20966338.001).
  • [ISSN] 1546-3141
  • [Journal-full-title] AJR. American journal of roentgenology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] AJR Am J Roentgenol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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17. Li BJ, Wang JY, Wang HY, Huang XP, Zhang LJ, Long H, Yang MT, Rong TH: [Clinical significance of hMAM mRNA detection in bone marrow of breast carcinoma patient]. Zhonghua Zhong Liu Za Zhi; 2006 Oct;28(10):766-9
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  • [Title] [Clinical significance of hMAM mRNA detection in bone marrow of breast carcinoma patient].
  • OBJECTIVE: To investigate the expression of the human mammoglobin (hMAM) mRNA in bone marrow and its clinical significance in the breast cancer patient.
  • METHODS: Expression of hMAM mRNA was detected using nested reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) in the bone marrow aspiration sample from 75 breast cancer patients, 15 patients with benign breast lesions and 8 healthy volunteers as control.
  • The hMAM mRNA was found to be positively expressed by RT-PCR in 21 of 75 breast cancer patients with a positive rate of 28.0%.
  • However, hMAM mRNA expression was not detected in the bone marrow aspiration samples from patients with benign breast lesions and healthy volunteers.
  • The hMAM mRNA expression was positively correlated with axillary nodal involvement and progesterone receptor (PR) status (P < 0.05) as well as Ki67 expression in breast cancer tissue (chi2 = 4.936, P = 0.026), but not with age, tumor size, clinical stage, or estrogen receptor (ER) status (P > 0.05).
  • CONCLUSION: RT-PCR is quite sensitive and has a high specificity in detecting the presence of hMAM mRNA in the bone marrow from breast cancer patients.
  • Thereupon, hMAM mRNA may be useful as a molecular biomarker in detecting disseminated tumor cells (DTC) in the bone marrow of breast cancer patients.
  • [MeSH-major] Bone Marrow / metabolism. Breast Neoplasms / genetics. Breast Neoplasms, Male / genetics. Neoplasm Proteins / genetics. Uteroglobin / genetics
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Aged. Biomarkers, Tumor / genetics. Breast / metabolism. Breast / pathology. Carcinoma, Ductal, Breast / genetics. Carcinoma, Ductal, Breast / pathology. Female. Fibroadenoma / genetics. Fibroadenoma / pathology. Humans. Ki-67 Antigen / genetics. Lymphatic Metastasis. Male. Mammaglobin A. Middle Aged. RNA, Messenger / biosynthesis. RNA, Messenger / genetics. Receptors, Progesterone / genetics. Reverse Transcriptase Polymerase Chain Reaction

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  • (PMID = 17366790.001).
  • [ISSN] 0253-3766
  • [Journal-full-title] Zhonghua zhong liu za zhi [Chinese journal of oncology]
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Zhonghua Zhong Liu Za Zhi
  • [Language] chi
  • [Publication-type] English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] China
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Biomarkers, Tumor; 0 / Ki-67 Antigen; 0 / Mammaglobin A; 0 / Neoplasm Proteins; 0 / RNA, Messenger; 0 / Receptors, Progesterone; 0 / SCGB2A2 protein, human; 9060-09-7 / Uteroglobin
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18. Guo Z, Wang Z, Li J, Li XD: [Reconstruction with a new type of combined reconstruction following excision of periacetabular tumors]. Zhonghua Wai Ke Za Zhi; 2008 Jun 15;46(12):895-9
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  • OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the reconstructive effect of a new pattern of combined reconstruction after periacetabular tumor resections.
  • METHODS: Between March 2001 and March 2007, tumor resections and new pattern of combined reconstructions which consisted of screw-rod system, acetabular reinforcement shell, antibiotic cement and total hip arthroplasty techniques were performed in 23 patients with periacetabular tumors.
  • Three metastatic bone tumors were also included in this study, and the original sites were thyroid, breast, and ovary.
  • Three primary benign bone tumors belonged to stage III.
  • CONCLUSIONS: This new combined reconstruction is an effective way to rebuild pelvic ring and maintain hip function with low complication rate after periacetabular tumor resections.
  • [MeSH-minor] Adolescent. Adult. Aged. Arthroplasty, Replacement, Hip. Bone Screws. Female. Follow-Up Studies. Humans. Male. Middle Aged. Treatment Outcome

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  • (PMID = 19035146.001).
  • [ISSN] 0529-5815
  • [Journal-full-title] Zhonghua wai ke za zhi [Chinese journal of surgery]
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Zhonghua Wai Ke Za Zhi
  • [Language] chi
  • [Publication-type] English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] China
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19. Di Carlo A, Terracciano D, Mariano A, Macchia V: Matrix metalloproteinase-2 and matrix metalloproteinase-9 type IV collagenases in serum of patients with pleural effusions. Int J Oncol; 2005 May;26(5):1363-8
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  • Recently, several MMPs were implicated in creating an environment that supports the initiation and maintenance of tumor growth.
  • Of these patients, 22 had malignant pleural effusion, consisting of 11 breast carcinomas and 11 lung carcinomas (7 squamous cell carcinomas and 4 adenocarcinomas), and 8 patients had benign effusions.
  • The MMP-9/MMP-2 ratio was enhanced in cancer patients compared with benign diseases and healthy individuals.
  • [MeSH-major] Biomarkers, Tumor / blood. Breast Neoplasms / enzymology. Breast Neoplasms / pathology. Carcinoma, Non-Small-Cell Lung / enzymology. Carcinoma, Non-Small-Cell Lung / pathology. Lung Neoplasms / enzymology. Lung Neoplasms / pathology. Matrix Metalloproteinase 2 / blood. Matrix Metalloproteinase 9 / blood. Pleural Effusion / enzymology. Pleural Effusion / pathology
  • [MeSH-minor] Adolescent. Adult. Aged. Case-Control Studies. Female. Humans. Male. Middle Aged

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  • (PMID = 15809729.001).
  • [ISSN] 1019-6439
  • [Journal-full-title] International journal of oncology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Int. J. Oncol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Greece
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Biomarkers, Tumor; EC 3.4.24.24 / Matrix Metalloproteinase 2; EC 3.4.24.35 / Matrix Metalloproteinase 9
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20. Clark HA, Snedeker SM: Critical evaluation of the cancer risk of dibromochloropropane (DBCP). J Environ Sci Health C Environ Carcinog Ecotoxicol Rev; 2005;23(2):215-60
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  • Results from long-term cancer bioassays in rodents show a statistically significant increase in the incidence of malignant and benign mammary gland tumors in female rats treated orally with DBCP compared to controls and some evidence of increased incidence of mammary fibroadenomas in DBCP low-dose treated female rats exposed by inhalation.
  • Male and female mice exposed to DBCP by inhalation experienced increased tumor incidence in the lungs and nasal cavity compared to controls.
  • Given the persistent nature of DBCP contamination in areas of past use, efforts should be made to continue remediation efforts and follow previously exposed populations for development of certain human cancers, including breast, ovarian, stomach, respiratory, oral and nasal cancers, among others.

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  • (PMID = 16291528.001).
  • [ISSN] 1059-0501
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of environmental science and health. Part C, Environmental carcinogenesis & ecotoxicology reviews
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Environ Sci Health C Environ Carcinog Ecotoxicol Rev
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.; Review
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Antinematodal Agents; 0 / Carcinogens; 0 / Environmental Pollutants; 96K0FD4803 / 1,2-dibromo-3-chloropropane; T75W9911L6 / Propane
  • [Number-of-references] 118
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21. Huszar M, Moldenhauer G, Gschwend V, Ben-Arie A, Altevogt P, Fogel M: Expression profile analysis in multiple human tumors identifies L1 (CD171) as a molecular marker for differential diagnosis and targeted therapy. Hum Pathol; 2006 Aug;37(8):1000-8
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  • [Title] Expression profile analysis in multiple human tumors identifies L1 (CD171) as a molecular marker for differential diagnosis and targeted therapy.
  • Here we carried out an immunohistochemical survey of L1 expression in normal adults and in a broad range of benign and malignant tumors using monoclonal antibody L1-11A and the novel monoclonal antibody L1-14.10.
  • L1 was absent in breast carcinoma, gastrointestinal tract carcinomas, gastrointestinal carcinoids, renal clear-cell carcinomas, prostate adenocarcinomas, and mesotheliomas.
  • Surprisingly, L1 expression in established breast and renal carcinoma cell lines was not a predictor for its presence in these human tumors in vivo.
  • Our results suggest that L1 expression in tumors is not ubiquitous but restricted to certain subtypes and may be a helpful molecular marker for differential diagnosis and target for antibody-based therapy.
  • [MeSH-major] Antigens, Neoplasm / metabolism. Biomarkers, Tumor / metabolism. Genital Neoplasms, Female / metabolism. Isoantigens / metabolism. Membrane Glycoproteins / metabolism. Receptors, Cell Surface / metabolism
  • [MeSH-minor] Antibodies, Monoclonal / immunology. Cell Line, Tumor. Diagnosis, Differential. Female. Fluorescent Antibody Technique, Direct. GPI-Linked Proteins. Humans. Immunoenzyme Techniques. Male. Neutrophils / metabolism

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  • (PMID = 16867862.001).
  • [ISSN] 0046-8177
  • [Journal-full-title] Human pathology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Hum. Pathol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Antibodies, Monoclonal; 0 / Antigens, Neoplasm; 0 / Biomarkers, Tumor; 0 / CD177 protein, human; 0 / GPI-Linked Proteins; 0 / Isoantigens; 0 / Membrane Glycoproteins; 0 / Receptors, Cell Surface
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22. Ye SR, Yang H, Li K, Dong DD, Lin XM, Yie SM: Human leukocyte antigen G expression: as a significant prognostic indicator for patients with colorectal cancer. Mod Pathol; 2007 Mar;20(3):375-83
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  • Aberrant expression of human leukocyte antigen G (HLA-G) has been proposed to be involved in tumor escape mechanisms.
  • It has been also proposed that detection of HLA-G might service as a potential biomarker for diagnosis or prediction of the clinical outcomes in ovarian and breast cancers, carcinoma of the lung and endometrial cancer.
  • In this prospectively study, HLA-G protein expression was observed in 64.6% (130/201) of the primary site colorectal carcinomas, but not in the normal colorectal tissues or benign adenomas.
  • [MeSH-major] Biomarkers, Tumor / analysis. Colorectal Neoplasms / metabolism. Colorectal Neoplasms / pathology. HLA Antigens / biosynthesis. Histocompatibility Antigens Class I / biosynthesis
  • [MeSH-minor] Female. HLA-G Antigens. Humans. Immunohistochemistry. Kaplan-Meier Estimate. Lymphatic Metastasis / pathology. Male. Middle Aged. Neoplasm Staging. Prognosis

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  • (PMID = 17277760.001).
  • [ISSN] 0893-3952
  • [Journal-full-title] Modern pathology : an official journal of the United States and Canadian Academy of Pathology, Inc
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Mod. Pathol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Biomarkers, Tumor; 0 / HLA Antigens; 0 / HLA-G Antigens; 0 / Histocompatibility Antigens Class I
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23. Dakin Haché K, Gray S, Barnes PJ, Dewar R, Younis T, Rayson D: Clinical and pathological correlations in male breast cancer: intratumoral aromatase expression via tissue microarray. Breast Cancer Res Treat; 2007 Oct;105(2):169-75
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  • [Title] Clinical and pathological correlations in male breast cancer: intratumoral aromatase expression via tissue microarray.
  • BACKGROUND: Male breast cancer (MBC) commonly expresses hormone receptors and there is anecdotal evidence of disease responsivity to aromatase inhibitors in the metastatic setting.
  • Specimens were reviewed for standard pathologic characteristics and tumor blocks were incorporated into three TMA's (four 1 mm cores per tumor).
  • ITA staining intensity was compared to control, benign hepatic tissue and if greater than or equal to liver was scored positive and if less than liver was scored negative.
  • Median tumor size was 2.6 cm (0.3-8.0 cm) and 22(41%) had nodal metastases.
  • [MeSH-major] Aromatase / metabolism. Breast Neoplasms, Male / enzymology
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Aged. Aged, 80 and over. Disease Progression. Humans. Immunoenzyme Techniques. Lymphatic Metastasis / pathology. Male. Middle Aged. Neoplasm Invasiveness. Prognosis. Receptors, Estrogen / metabolism. Receptors, Progesterone / metabolism. Retrospective Studies. Survival Rate. Tissue Array Analysis


24. Granados-García M, Cortés-Flores AO, del Carmen González-Ramírez I, Cano-Valdez AM, Flores-Hernández L, Aguilar-Ponce JL: Follicular neoplasms of the thyroid: importance of clinical and cytological correlation. Cir Cir; 2010 Nov-Dec;78(6):473-8
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  • Fine needle aspiration biopsy (FNAB) is useful for initial evaluation; nevertheless, malignancy is uncertain when follicular neoplasm is reported.
  • METHODS: We analyzed the clinical files of consecutive patients with cytological diagnoses of follicular neoplasm.
  • Definitive report showed 45 benign (60%) and 30 malignant (40%) cases.
  • Benign cases included 29 goiters, 11 follicular adenomas, and 5 cases of thyroiditis.
  • Malignant cases were comprised of 12 papillary carcinomas, 4 follicular carcinomas, 3 papillary carcinomas-follicular variant, 1 lymphoma, 1 teratoma, 5 medullary carcinomas, 2 insular carcinomas, 1 anaplastic carcinoma and 1 metastatic breast carcinoma.
  • Tumor size of benign lesions was 3.43 ± 2.04 cm, and 4.67 ± 2.78 (p = 0.049) for malignant lesions.
  • Age was 46.95 ± 15.39 years for benign lesions and 48.67 ± 17.28 for malignant lesions (p = 0.66).
  • [MeSH-major] Thyroid Neoplasms / diagnosis
  • [MeSH-minor] Adenocarcinoma, Follicular. Adolescent. Adult. Aged. Aged, 80 and over. Biopsy, Fine-Needle. Female. Humans. Male. Middle Aged. Young Adult

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  • (PMID = 21214982.001).
  • [ISSN] 0009-7411
  • [Journal-full-title] Cirugía y cirujanos
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Cir Cir
  • [Language] eng; spa
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Mexico
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25. Manosca F, Schinstine M, Fetsch PA, Sorbara L, Maria Wilder A, Brosky K, Erickson D, Raffeld M, Filie AC, Abati A: Diagnostic effects of prolonged storage on fresh effusion samples. Diagn Cytopathol; 2007 Jan;35(1):6-11
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  • Specimens evaluated included four pleural (3 benign, 1 breast adenocarcinoma) and six peritoneal (2 ovarian adenocarcinomas, 1 malignant melanoma, 2 mesotheliomas, 1 atypical mesothelial) effusions.
  • [MeSH-major] Artifacts. Ascitic Fluid / pathology. Cytodiagnosis / methods. Neoplasms / diagnosis. Pleural Effusion, Malignant / diagnosis. Specimen Handling / methods
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Biomarkers, Tumor. DNA, Neoplasm / analysis. Female. Humans. Male. Middle Aged. Polymerase Chain Reaction. Time Factors

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  • (PMID = 17173298.001).
  • [ISSN] 8755-1039
  • [Journal-full-title] Diagnostic cytopathology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Diagn. Cytopathol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Biomarkers, Tumor; 0 / DNA, Neoplasm
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26. Chen L, Madura K: Increased proteasome activity, ubiquitin-conjugating enzymes, and eEF1A translation factor detected in breast cancer tissue. Cancer Res; 2005 Jul 1;65(13):5599-606
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  • [Title] Increased proteasome activity, ubiquitin-conjugating enzymes, and eEF1A translation factor detected in breast cancer tissue.
  • The activation of this pathway in various cancers and malignancies has been described, and several genetic determinants of breast cancer, including BRCA1 and BRCA2, are linked to protein degradation.
  • To investigate the involvement of the Ub/proteasome system in breast cancer, we examined a collection of 25 patient-matched breast cancer and normal adjacent tissues and detected activation of numerous components of the Ub/proteasome pathway.
  • The activity of the proteasome, and levels of proteasome subunits and various targeting factors, were increased in >90% of primary breast cancer tissue specimens.
  • In contrast, no activation was observed in benign solid tumors, indicating that the response is specific to abnormal growth in neoplastic cells.
  • Additionally, the accumulation of high levels of certain Ub-conjugating enzymes (UbcH1, UbcH2, and UbcH5), was specific to breast cancer, as no change in abundance was detected in primary colon cancer tissue extracts.
  • Surprisingly, the Ub/proteasome system was not activated in a well-characterized cell culture-based breast cancer model system.
  • Collectively, these findings suggest that the analysis of primary breast cancer tissue samples will be indispensable for the biochemical characterization of neoplastic growth and for the development of therapeutics.
  • [MeSH-major] Breast Neoplasms / enzymology. Peptide Elongation Factor 1 / metabolism. Proteasome Endopeptidase Complex / metabolism. Ubiquitin-Conjugating Enzymes / metabolism
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Aged. Aged, 80 and over. Female. Humans. Male. Middle Aged. Tumor Cells, Cultured. Ubiquitin / metabolism

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  • (PMID = 15994932.001).
  • [ISSN] 0008-5472
  • [Journal-full-title] Cancer research
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Cancer Res.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Grant] United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / CA83875
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Peptide Elongation Factor 1; 0 / Ubiquitin; EC 3.4.25.1 / Proteasome Endopeptidase Complex; EC 6.3.2.19 / Ubiquitin-Conjugating Enzymes
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27. Drees R, Hünigen H, Wagner S, Schnorr J, Plendl J, Taupitz M: Peripheral washout phenomenon in an animal tumour model: comparison of dynamic magnetic resonance imaging using a small molecular contrast medium with histology. Vet Comp Oncol; 2008 Sep;6(3):151-61
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  • The peripheral washout sign was first described in delayed dynamic contrast-enhanced magnetic resonance imaging (DCE-MRI) using a small molecular contrast medium in solid lesions of the human breast and liver.
  • It was found to be 100% specific for malignant lesions and could therefore potentially be used as an additional noninvasive diagnostic tool differentiating malignant from benign lesions.
  • [MeSH-minor] Animals. Cell Line, Tumor. Male. Rats. Rats, Inbred Strains. Sensitivity and Specificity

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  • (PMID = 19178675.001).
  • [ISSN] 1476-5829
  • [Journal-full-title] Veterinary and comparative oncology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Vet Comp Oncol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Contrast Media
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28. Dubb M, Michelow P, Grayson W: Cytologic features of trichoblastoma in fine needle aspiration biopsies. Acta Cytol; 2009 Nov-Dec;53(6):679-82
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  • OBJECTIVE: To review the cytologic features of trichoblastoma in order to define criteria that may aid in identification of these tumors at the time of aspiration and allow a definitive diagnosis.
  • STUDY DESIGN: A 58-year-old male presented with a mass lesion on the thigh.
  • On fine needle aspiration, the patient was diagnosed as having a benign skin adnexal tumor.
  • RESULTS: The cytologic features of trichoblastoma resembled a cellular fibroadenoma/phyllodes tumor on aspiration, not previously described in the literature.
  • If the cytomorphology of a skin or subcutaneous aspirate appears to resemble that of a fibroadenoma, the diagnosis of a trichoblastoma should be entertained.
  • Peripheral palisading of nuclei at the edges of the basaloid cell sheets and squamous eddy formation are clues to the diagnosis but may be very focal and could be overlooked.
  • If the tumor occurs in the region of the breast, distinction from a fibroadenoma would be difficult if these additional features were not prominent.
  • CONCLUSION: Knowledge of the cytologic features of trichoblastoma will allow correct management of the patient and prevent misdiagnosis as other benign or malignant tumors.
  • [MeSH-minor] Biopsy, Fine-Needle. Humans. Male. Middle Aged. Thigh / pathology

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  • (PMID = 20014558.001).
  • [ISSN] 0001-5547
  • [Journal-full-title] Acta cytologica
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Acta Cytol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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29. Ismail MF, Aly MS, Khaled HM, Mohamed HM: Detection of HER-2/neu, c-myc amplification and p53 inactivation by FISH in Egyptian patients with breast cancer. Ger Med Sci; 2009;7:Doc03
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  • [Title] Detection of HER-2/neu, c-myc amplification and p53 inactivation by FISH in Egyptian patients with breast cancer.
  • Breast cancer is a leading cause of cancer-related deaths in women worldwide.
  • Amplification of the two oncogenes HER-2/neu and c-myc and inactivation of the tumor suppressor gene p53 are frequently encountered in breast carcinomas.
  • The study was conducted on 34 tissue samples obtained from 33 females and 1 male with breast carcinomas and 17 samples obtained from 16 females and 1 male with benign breast lesions.
  • Results revealed that the level of HER-2/neu, c-myc and p53 in the malignant group was significantly increased as compared to the benign group.
  • The sensitivity of the investigated markers significantly increased with larger tumor size.
  • Concerning tumor grade, HER-2/neu and p53 showed a significant increase in low-grade tumors whereas c-myc showed a highly significant increase in high-grade tumors.
  • [MeSH-major] Breast Neoplasms / genetics. In Situ Hybridization, Fluorescence / methods. Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-myc / analysis. Receptor, ErbB-2 / analysis. Tumor Suppressor Protein p53 / analysis
  • [MeSH-minor] Adolescent. Adult. Aged. Biomarkers, Tumor / analysis. Biopsy. Breast Neoplasms, Male / diagnosis. Breast Neoplasms, Male / epidemiology. Breast Neoplasms, Male / genetics. Egypt / epidemiology. Female. Humans. Male. Middle Aged. Neoplasm Staging / methods. Nucleic Acid Amplification Techniques / methods. Prevalence. Young Adult

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  • (PMID = 19675743.001).
  • [ISSN] 1612-3174
  • [Journal-full-title] German medical science : GMS e-journal
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Ger Med Sci
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Comparative Study; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Germany
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Biomarkers, Tumor; 0 / MYC protein, human; 0 / Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-myc; 0 / Tumor Suppressor Protein p53; EC 2.7.10.1 / ERBB2 protein, human; EC 2.7.10.1 / Receptor, ErbB-2
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC2716551
  • [Keywords] NOTNLM ; HER-2/neu / breast cancer / c-myc / fluorescent in situ hybridization (FISH) / genetic alterations / p53
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30. Teo C, Broggi M: Surgical outcome of patients considered to have "inoperable" tumors by specialized pediatric neuro-oncological multidisciplinary teams. Childs Nerv Syst; 2010 Sep;26(9):1219-25
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  • METHODS: A retrospective study was conducted on all pediatric brain and spinal cord tumor patients operated in a single center from 1999 to 2009.
  • Details of preoperative treatment, diagnosis and clinical status, postoperative diagnosis, early and late outcomes, progression-free survival and overall survival, and parental satisfaction were reviewed.
  • In ten cases, radical removal of the tumor resulted in a change in histological diagnosis, usually from a presumed diagnosis of malignancy to a more benign variety (n = 6).
  • [MeSH-minor] Adolescent. Child. Child, Preschool. Disease-Free Survival. Female. Humans. Male. Retrospective Studies. Treatment Outcome

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  • [CommentIn] Childs Nerv Syst. 2010 Sep;26(9):1227-8 [20574741.001]
  • [ErratumIn] Childs Nerv Syst. 2010 Dec;26(12):1833. Charles, Teo [corrected to Teo, Charles]; Morgan, Broggi [corrected to Broggi, Morgan]
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  • (PMID = 20563727.001).
  • [ISSN] 1433-0350
  • [Journal-full-title] Child's nervous system : ChNS : official journal of the International Society for Pediatric Neurosurgery
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Childs Nerv Syst
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Germany
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31. Rae JM, Johnson MD, Cordero KE, Scheys JO, Larios JM, Gottardis MM, Pienta KJ, Lippman ME: GREB1 is a novel androgen-regulated gene required for prostate cancer growth. Prostate; 2006 Jun 1;66(8):886-94
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  • BACKGROUND: Gene regulated in breast cancer 1 (GREB1) is a novel estrogen-regulated gene shown to play a pivotal role in hormone-stimulated breast cancer growth.
  • RESULTS: Real-time PCR demonstrated high level GREB1 expression in benign prostatic hypertrophy (BPH), localized prostate cancer (L-PCa), and hormone refractory prostate cancer (HR-PCa).
  • [MeSH-major] Androgens / pharmacology. Cell Proliferation. Neoplasm Proteins / genetics. Neoplasm Proteins / physiology. Prostatic Neoplasms / genetics. Prostatic Neoplasms / physiopathology
  • [MeSH-minor] Cell Line, Tumor. Chromatin Immunoprecipitation. DNA, Neoplasm / drug effects. DNA, Neoplasm / genetics. Dose-Response Relationship, Drug. Estrogens / pharmacology. Gene Expression Regulation, Neoplastic / drug effects. Humans. Male. Neoplasms, Hormone-Dependent / chemistry. Neoplasms, Hormone-Dependent / genetics. Neoplasms, Hormone-Dependent / pathology. Neoplasms, Hormone-Dependent / physiopathology. Oligonucleotide Array Sequence Analysis. RNA, Messenger / analysis. RNA, Messenger / genetics. RNA, Small Interfering / pharmacology. Reverse Transcriptase Polymerase Chain Reaction

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  • (PMID = 16496412.001).
  • [ISSN] 0270-4137
  • [Journal-full-title] The Prostate
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Prostate
  • [Language] eng
  • [Grant] United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / CA069568
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Androgens; 0 / DNA, Neoplasm; 0 / Estrogens; 0 / GREB1 protein, human; 0 / Neoplasm Proteins; 0 / RNA, Messenger; 0 / RNA, Small Interfering
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32. Gu LQ, Li FY, Zhao L, Liu Y, Chu Q, Zang XX, Liu JM, Ning G, Zhao YJ: Association of XIAP and P2X7 receptor expression with lymph node metastasis in papillary thyroid carcinoma. Endocrine; 2010 Oct;38(2):276-82
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  • In this cross-sectional study, a total of 62 cases were examined, including 43 patients with PTCs and 19 with benign nodular goiters.
  • In logistic regression analysis, P2X7 receptor expression, tumor size, and capsular infiltration were predictors for lymph node metastasis (P=0.001).
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Biomarkers, Tumor / metabolism. Female. Goiter, Nodular / metabolism. Goiter, Nodular / pathology. Humans. Lymphatic Metastasis / pathology. Male. Middle Aged. Predictive Value of Tests. Prognosis

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  • (PMID = 20972735.001).
  • [ISSN] 1559-0100
  • [Journal-full-title] Endocrine
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Endocrine
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Biomarkers, Tumor; 0 / Receptors, Purinergic P2X7; 0 / X-Linked Inhibitor of Apoptosis Protein; 0 / XIAP protein, human
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33. Cronin CG, Cashell T, Mhuircheartaigh JN, Swords R, Murray M, O'Sullivan GJ, O'Keeffe D: Bone biopsy of new suspicious bone lesions in patients with primary carcinoma: prevalence and probability of an alternative diagnosis. AJR Am J Roentgenol; 2009 Nov;193(5):W407-10
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  • [Title] Bone biopsy of new suspicious bone lesions in patients with primary carcinoma: prevalence and probability of an alternative diagnosis.
  • OBJECTIVE: We sought to assess the probability that a new suspicious bone lesion is an alternative diagnosis, that is, a benign lesion or a second malignant tumor as opposed to metastatic disease from the malignant tumor, in a person with known primary malignant disease.
  • The following parameters were recorded: indication, type of primary cancer, date of diagnosis, complications of biopsy, whether the sample was of diagnostic quality, pathologic finding, and thus whether the primary malignant tumor was concordant with the lesion sampled.
  • Cancer types included those of genitourinary tract, breast, thyroid, gastrointestinal tract, and lung and lymphoma and myeloma.
  • Forty-two of 43 positive biopsy findings (98%) were consistent with the primary malignant tumor.
  • The other positive finding was a new malignant tumor.
  • This new tumor was myelofibrosis in a man with chronic myelocytic leukemia.
  • The primary diagnosis correlated highly with that of the new bone lesion (Spearman's test, R = 0.842; p < 0.001).
  • CONCLUSION: In a patient with known primary malignant disease, the probability is low (2%) that biopsy of a new suspicious bone lesion will show the lesion is other than metastasis from the primary tumor.
  • [MeSH-minor] Aged. Diagnosis, Differential. Female. Humans. Male. Prevalence. Tomography, X-Ray Computed

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  • (PMID = 19843719.001).
  • [ISSN] 1546-3141
  • [Journal-full-title] AJR. American journal of roentgenology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] AJR Am J Roentgenol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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34. Singer CF, Hudelist G, Lamm W, Mueller R, Handl C, Kubista E, Czerwenka K: Active (p)CrkL is overexpressed in human malignancies: potential role as a surrogate parameter for therapeutic tyrosine kinase inhibition. Oncol Rep; 2006 Feb;15(2):353-9
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  • Protein expression was, however, considerably less frequent in normal breast (18%), lung (16%) and ovarian (12%) tissues.
  • In contrast to their corresponding benign tissues, pCrkL expression was significantly more common in breast cancer samples (49%, p<0.0001; Fisher's exact test), lung carcinomas (55%, p=0.0002), lymphatic tissues (80% vs. 10%, p=0.012), skin cancer (67%, p=0.020), ovarian malignomas (50%, p<0.0001) and colon carcinomas (63%, p<0.03).
  • We hypothesize that pCrkL is selectively up-regulated in a number of malignant tumor entities and involved in malignant transformation.
  • [MeSH-major] Adaptor Proteins, Signal Transducing / biosynthesis. Biomarkers, Tumor / analysis. Neoplasms / drug therapy. Neoplasms / metabolism. Nuclear Proteins / biosynthesis. Protein Kinase Inhibitors / therapeutic use. Protein-Tyrosine Kinases / drug effects
  • [MeSH-minor] Benzamides. Blotting, Western. Cell Line, Tumor. Enzyme Activation / drug effects. Female. Humans. Imatinib Mesylate. Immunohistochemistry. Male. Piperazines / therapeutic use. Pyrimidines / therapeutic use. Up-Regulation

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  • (PMID = 16391854.001).
  • [ISSN] 1021-335X
  • [Journal-full-title] Oncology reports
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Oncol. Rep.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Comparative Study; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] Greece
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Adaptor Proteins, Signal Transducing; 0 / Benzamides; 0 / Biomarkers, Tumor; 0 / CRKL protein; 0 / Nuclear Proteins; 0 / Piperazines; 0 / Protein Kinase Inhibitors; 0 / Pyrimidines; 8A1O1M485B / Imatinib Mesylate; EC 2.7.10.1 / Protein-Tyrosine Kinases
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35. Kim TY, Kim WB, Ryu JS, Gong G, Hong SJ, Shong YK: 18F-fluorodeoxyglucose uptake in thyroid from positron emission tomogram (PET) for evaluation in cancer patients: high prevalence of malignancy in thyroid PET incidentaloma. Laryngoscope; 2005 Jun;115(6):1074-8
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  • OBJECTIVES: To investigate the prevalence of incidental thyroid F-fluorodeoxyglucose (FDG) uptake in positron emission tomogram (PET) scan for evaluation in cancer patients and the role of standard uptake value (SUV) measurement in differentiation of thyroid malignancy from benign disease.
  • Cytologic diagnosis was available in 32 of 45 focal thyroid FDG uptakes.
  • In 16 (50%) patients, the tumor was found to be malignant; 14 were papillary thyroid carcinoma (surgically confirmed in 7 cases), 2 were metastatic tumor from breast and esophagus.
  • Sixteen were cytologically diagnosed as follicular cell lesions: follicular neoplasm (n = 2), nodular hyperplasia (n = 7), indeterminate follicular lesion (n = 7).
  • There was no significant difference in maximum SUV between benign and malignant nodules.
  • From 45 patients with diffuse thyroid FDG uptake, presumptive diagnosis of chronic thyroiditis was possible in 34 patients by clinical and laboratory findings.
  • CONCLUSION: Our data suggest that a cytologic diagnosis of focal thyroid FDG-PET incidentaloma regardless of SUV is mandatory considering the very high prevalence of thyroid malignancy.
  • [MeSH-minor] Adolescent. Adult. Aged. Aged, 80 and over. Biopsy, Needle. Carcinoma, Papillary / pathology. Carcinoma, Papillary / radionuclide imaging. Child. Child, Preschool. Female. Humans. Male. Middle Aged. Neoplasm Metastasis. Retrospective Studies. Thyroid Nodule / radionuclide imaging. Thyroiditis

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  • (PMID = 15933524.001).
  • [ISSN] 0023-852X
  • [Journal-full-title] The Laryngoscope
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Laryngoscope
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0Z5B2CJX4D / Fluorodeoxyglucose F18
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36. Misra S, Toole BP, Ghatak S: Hyaluronan constitutively regulates activation of multiple receptor tyrosine kinases in epithelial and carcinoma cells. J Biol Chem; 2006 Nov 17;281(46):34936-41
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  • Hyaluronan (HA) is enriched in the pericellular matrices of many malignant human tumors, and manipulations of HA interactions have strong effects on tumor progression in animal models.
  • On the other hand, inhibition of constitutive HA-tumor cell interactions in malignant cells inhibits these properties.
  • IGF1R-beta, PDGFR-beta, EGFR and c-MET, in colon, prostate, and breast carcinoma cells.
  • On the other hand, we show that these RTKs are activated in phenotypically normal or relatively benign tumor cells by experimentally increasing HA production.
  • [MeSH-minor] Breast Neoplasms / metabolism. Cell Line, Tumor. Colonic Neoplasms / metabolism. Female. Humans. Male. Prostatic Neoplasms / metabolism. Signal Transduction


37. Shukla S, Shukla M, Maclennan GT, Fu P, Gupta S: Deregulation of FOXO3A during prostate cancer progression. Int J Oncol; 2009 Jun;34(6):1613-20
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  • Forkhead box transcription factor FOXO3A, an important regulator of cellular function, is thought to act as a tumor suppressor.
  • Similar findings were noted in prostate tumor specimens, in which marked cytoplasmic accumulation of FOXO3A and 14-3-3 in prostate tumors was observed with increasing Gleason grade, in contrast to exclusively nuclear accumulation in benign prostate cells.
  • These findings correlate with decreased FOXO3A DNA binding activity along with down-modulation of FOXO3A transcriptional activity with increasing tumor grade.
  • Our findings demonstrate that tumor associated alterations and redistribution of FOXO3A are frequent events in the etiology of prostate cancer.

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  • (PMID = 19424579.001).
  • [ISSN] 1019-6439
  • [Journal-full-title] International journal of oncology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Int. J. Oncol.
  • [Language] ENG
  • [Grant] United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / CA108512-05; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / R01 CA108512; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / CA108512; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / R01 CA108512-05
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] Greece
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / 14-3-3 Proteins; 0 / DNA, Neoplasm; 0 / FOXO1 protein, human; 0 / FOXO3 protein, human; 0 / FOXO4 protein, human; 0 / Forkhead Transcription Factors; 0 / RNA, Messenger; 0 / Transcription Factors; EC 1.15.1.1 / Superoxide Dismutase; EC 2.7.1.- / Phosphatidylinositol 3-Kinases; EC 2.7.11.1 / Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-akt
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ NIHMS105459; NLM/ PMC2683383
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38. Gratz S, Kempke B, Kaiser W, Behr TM, Pfestroff A, Höffken H: Unexpected 99mTc-tetrofosmin findings during myocardial perfusion scintigraphy: intraindividual comparison with PET/computed tomography. Nucl Med Commun; 2008 Nov;29(11):963-9
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  • We report six patients found with unexpected mediastinal and thoracic tumor uptake during Tc-tetrofosmin myocardial perfusion scintigraphy (MPS).
  • Subsequently, the patients underwent resection of a thymoma (n=2), nonsmall cell lung cancer (n=1) and breast cancer (n=3).
  • In the patients with breast cancer one was a male patient with ductal, invasive breast cancer.
  • Benign thymomas showed high 99mTc-tetrofosmin ROI >4.0 and low F-FDG SUVmax <2.0, whereas low 99mTc-tetrofosmin ROI <2.0 were found in nonsmall cell lung cancer and breast cancer and high F-FDG SUVmax >2.5 in these malignant tumors.
  • [MeSH-minor] Aged. Breast Neoplasms, Male / complications. Breast Neoplasms, Male / radiography. Breast Neoplasms, Male / radionuclide imaging. Carcinoma, Non-Small-Cell Lung / complications. Carcinoma, Non-Small-Cell Lung / radiography. Carcinoma, Non-Small-Cell Lung / radionuclide imaging. Female. Humans. Lung Neoplasms / complications. Lung Neoplasms / radiography. Lung Neoplasms / radionuclide imaging. Male. Middle Aged. Myocardial Perfusion Imaging / methods. Positron-Emission Tomography / methods. Thymoma / complications. Thymoma / radiography. Thymoma / radionuclide imaging. Thymus Neoplasms / complications. Thymus Neoplasms / radiography. Thymus Neoplasms / radionuclide imaging. Tomography, Emission-Computed. Tomography, Emission-Computed, Single-Photon

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  • (PMID = 18836374.001).
  • [ISSN] 0143-3636
  • [Journal-full-title] Nuclear medicine communications
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Nucl Med Commun
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Comparative Study; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Organophosphorus Compounds; 0 / Organotechnetium Compounds; 0 / Radiopharmaceuticals; 0 / technetium Tc 99m 1,2-bis(bis(2-ethoxyethyl)phosphino)ethane; 0Z5B2CJX4D / Fluorodeoxyglucose F18
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39. Dragoumis D, Atmatzidis S, Chatzimavroudis G, Lakis S, Panagiotopoulou K, Atmatzidis K: Benign spindle cell tumor not otherwise specified (NOS) in a male breast. Int J Surg Pathol; 2010 Dec;18(6):575-9
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  • [Title] Benign spindle cell tumor not otherwise specified (NOS) in a male breast.
  • Breast spindle cell tumors (BSCTs), although uncommon, constitute a heterogeneous group of benign and malignant lesions, often necessitating different therapeutic approaches.
  • This study describes the case of a 62-year-old man who displayed a gradually growing retroareolar tumor of the left breast.
  • Diverse histological results and immunohistochemical features established the diagnosis of benign BSCT, not otherwise specified.
  • This case report adds to the spectrum of the benign BSCTs and delineates the nature of different types of these lesions, in order to carefully select optimal therapeutic regimes.
  • [MeSH-major] Breast Neoplasms, Male / pathology. Solitary Fibrous Tumors / pathology
  • [MeSH-minor] Biomarkers, Tumor / analysis. Humans. Immunohistochemistry. Male. Middle Aged

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  • (PMID = 19064588.001).
  • [ISSN] 1940-2465
  • [Journal-full-title] International journal of surgical pathology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Int. J. Surg. Pathol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Biomarkers, Tumor
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40. Li JS, Sun GW, Wei XY, Tang WH: Expression of periostin and its clinicopathological relevance in gastric cancer. World J Gastroenterol; 2007 Oct 21;13(39):5261-6
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  • Immunohistochemistry was performed to localize and quantify the expression of periostin in benign gastric diseases and gastric cancer, and immunostaining results were correlated with gastric cancer pathological stages.
  • Immunohistochemical staining revealed that periostin was overexpressed in primary gastric cancer, as well as in metastatic lymph nodes, but only faint staining was found in benign gastric ulcers.
  • By quantitative analysis of the immunostaining results, periostin expression was increased 2.5-4-fold in gastric cancer, compared to that in benign gastric disease, and there was a trend toward increasing periostin expression with tumor stage.
  • [MeSH-minor] Aged. Disease Progression. Female. Gene Expression Regulation, Neoplastic. Humans. Lymph Nodes / metabolism. Lymph Nodes / pathology. Lymphatic Metastasis / pathology. Male. Middle Aged. Neoplasm Staging. RNA, Messenger / genetics. RNA, Messenger / metabolism. Stomach / metabolism. Stomach / pathology

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  • (PMID = 17876898.001).
  • [ISSN] 1007-9327
  • [Journal-full-title] World journal of gastroenterology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] World J. Gastroenterol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] China
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Cell Adhesion Molecules; 0 / POSTN protein, human; 0 / RNA, Messenger
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC4171309
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41. Da Ines D, Petitcolin V, Lannareix V, Montoriol P, Joubert Zakeyh J, Boyer L, Garcier J: [Liver capsule retraction adjacent to a circumscribed liver lesion: review of 26 cases with histological confirmation]. J Radiol; 2009 Sep;90(9 Pt 1):1067-74
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  • [Transliterated title] Rétraction capsulaire hépatique en regard d'une lésion circonscrite: à propos de 26 patients avec preuve histologique.
  • PURPOSE: To review the histological features of 26 circumscribed liver lesions associated with liver capsule retraction and discuss the differential diagnosis while evaluating for the presence of fibrous stromal reaction.
  • RESULTS: Twenty-one patients had benign or malignant liver tumors and 5 patients had confluent hepatic fibrosis.
  • Twenty of 21 liver tumors were malignant (95.2%): 3 intra-hepatic cholangiocarcinoma, 17 cases of metastatic disease including colorectal carcinoma (n=8), bronchogenic carcinoma (n=1), pancreatic carcinoma (n=4), esophageal carcinoma (n=1), breast carcinoma (n=1), gallbladder carcinoma (1) and endocrine neoplasm of the pancreas (n=1), and 1 case of liver sclerosing angioma (n=1).
  • In keeping with previous reports, metastases were frequently the cause and intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma was the most frequent primary tumor.
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Aged. Aged, 80 and over. Female. Humans. Male. Middle Aged. Retrospective Studies

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  • [CommentIn] J Radiol. 2009 Sep;90(9 Pt 1):1019-20 [19752803.001]
  • (PMID = 19752810.001).
  • [ISSN] 0221-0363
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal de radiologie
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Radiol
  • [Language] fre
  • [Publication-type] English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] France
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42. Waldmann J, Feldmann G, Slater EP, Langer P, Buchholz M, Ramaswamy A, Saeger W, Rothmund M, Fendrich V: Expression of the zinc-finger transcription factor Snail in adrenocortical carcinoma is associated with decreased survival. Br J Cancer; 2008 Dec 2;99(11):1900-7
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  • Snail expression was neither detected in normal adrenocortical tissue, nor in benign adrenocortical adenomas.
  • [MeSH-major] Adrenal Cortex Neoplasms / metabolism. Adrenocortical Carcinoma / metabolism. Biomarkers, Tumor / analysis. Transcription Factors / biosynthesis
  • [MeSH-minor] Adolescent. Adult. Aged. Cadherins / biosynthesis. Female. Humans. Immunohistochemistry. Kaplan-Meier Estimate. Ki-67 Antigen / biosynthesis. Male. Middle Aged. Neoplasm Staging. Prognosis. RNA, Messenger / analysis. Reverse Transcriptase Polymerase Chain Reaction

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  • (PMID = 19018264.001).
  • [ISSN] 1532-1827
  • [Journal-full-title] British journal of cancer
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Br. J. Cancer
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Biomarkers, Tumor; 0 / Cadherins; 0 / Ki-67 Antigen; 0 / RNA, Messenger; 0 / Transcription Factors; 0 / snail family transcription factors
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC2600683
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43. Kornasiewicz O, Debski M, Stepnowska M, Szałas A, Bar-Andziak E, Krawczyk M: The enzymatic activity of type 1 iodothyronine deiodinase (D1) is low in liver hemangioma: a preliminary study. Arch Immunol Ther Exp (Warsz); 2010 Feb;58(1):77-80
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  • There has been strong evidence that the metabolism of thyroid hormones is disturbed in some neoplastic tissues such as thyroid, renal, and breast cancer.
  • However, there are few available data about D1 enzyme activity in benign tumors such as hemangioma, which is the most common primary liver tumor.
  • These finding demonstrate a low enzymatic activity of D1 in liver hemangioma and suggest an as yet unknown role of thyroid hormones in this type of benign liver tumor.
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Female. Gene Expression Regulation, Enzymologic. Gene Expression Regulation, Neoplastic. Humans. Male. Middle Aged

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  • (PMID = 20049650.001).
  • [ISSN] 1661-4917
  • [Journal-full-title] Archivum immunologiae et therapiae experimentalis
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Arch. Immunol. Ther. Exp. (Warsz.)
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Switzerland
  • [Chemical-registry-number] EC 1.11.1.- / iodothyronine deiodinase type I; EC 1.11.1.8 / Iodide Peroxidase
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC2816262
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44. He Q, Zhang P, Zou L, Li H, Wang X, Zhou S, Fornander T, Skog S: Concentration of thymidine kinase 1 in serum (S-TK1) is a more sensitive proliferation marker in human solid tumors than its activity. Oncol Rep; 2005 Oct;14(4):1013-9
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  • We investigate thymidine kinase 1 concentration in serum (S-TK1) as a potential tumor marker.
  • S-TK1 concentration and STK activity levels were determined in 9 human malignant diseases (breast, gastric, rectal, colorectal, lung, brain cancer, hepatoma, lymphoma, leukaemia) and in benign and non-cancerous diseases, representing 850 preoperative cases.
  • S-TK1 concentrations and STK activity levels in preoperative malignant patients were significantly higher than in healthy individuals, in patients with benign tumors and in those with non-cancerous diseases.
  • Significant correlations between concentration and activity level were only found in healthy individuals, in patients with benign tumors, and in some patients with malignancies, i.e. leukaemia, and breast and gastric cancers.
  • We conclude that S-TK1 concentration is a more sensitive tumor marker in solid malignancies than is STK activity.
  • [MeSH-major] Biomarkers, Tumor. Neoplasms / blood. Neoplasms / diagnosis. Thymidine Kinase / blood
  • [MeSH-minor] Breast Neoplasms / pathology. Cell Line, Tumor. Cell Proliferation. Dose-Response Relationship, Drug. Female. Humans. Male. Neoplasm Staging. Radioimmunoassay / methods. Stomach Neoplasms / pathology

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  • (PMID = 16142366.001).
  • [ISSN] 1021-335X
  • [Journal-full-title] Oncology reports
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Oncol. Rep.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] Greece
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Biomarkers, Tumor; EC 2.7.1.21 / Thymidine Kinase; EC 2.7.1.21 / thymidine kinase 1
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46. Chou SH, Tseleni-Balafouta S, Moon HS, Chamberland JP, Liu X, Kavantzas N, Mantzoros CS: Adiponectin receptor expression in human malignant tissues. Horm Cancer; 2010 Jun;1(3):136-45
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  • There was no difference in the expression of adiponectin receptors or their mRNA between malignant and benign kidney tissue specimens.
  • Overall, there were no correlations between expression of adiponectin receptors or their mRNA and tumor prognostic factors.
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Aged. Blotting, Western. Carcinoma, Renal Cell / metabolism. Female. Humans. Immunohistochemistry. Kidney Neoplasms / metabolism. Male. Middle Aged. Obesity / complications. Obesity / metabolism. RNA, Messenger / analysis. Real-Time Polymerase Chain Reaction

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  • (PMID = 21761356.001).
  • [ISSN] 1868-8500
  • [Journal-full-title] Hormones & cancer
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Horm Cancer
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / RNA, Messenger; 0 / Receptors, Adiponectin
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47. McLerran D, Grizzle WE, Feng Z, Bigbee WL, Banez LL, Cazares LH, Chan DW, Diaz J, Izbicka E, Kagan J, Malehorn DE, Malik G, Oelschlager D, Partin A, Randolph T, Rosenzweig N, Srivastava S, Srivastava S, Thompson IM, Thornquist M, Troyer D, Yasui Y, Zhang Z, Zhu L, Semmes OJ: Analytical validation of serum proteomic profiling for diagnosis of prostate cancer: sources of sample bias. Clin Chem; 2008 Jan;54(1):44-52
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  • [Title] Analytical validation of serum proteomic profiling for diagnosis of prostate cancer: sources of sample bias.
  • METHODS: We derived the decision algorithm used in this study from the analysis of serum samples from patients with prostate cancer (n = 181) and benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) (n = 143) and normal controls (n = 220).

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  • (PMID = 17981926.001).
  • [ISSN] 0009-9147
  • [Journal-full-title] Clinical chemistry
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Clin. Chem.
  • [Language] ENG
  • [Grant] United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / CA 084986; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / CA 84968; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / P50 CA058236; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / P30 CA006973; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / CA 86368; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / U01 CA086402; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / U01 CA085067; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / U01 CA086323; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / U24 CA086368; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / U01 CA086368; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / CA 86359; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / CA 86402; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / U24 CA086359; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / CA 86323; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / U01 CA084968; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / CA 85067; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / U01 CA084986
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Biomarkers, Tumor
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ NIHMS371877; NLM/ PMC3354530
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48. Koh YW, Kim JW, Lee SW, Choi EC: Endoscopic thyroidectomy via a unilateral axillo-breast approach without gas insufflation for unilateral benign thyroid lesions. Surg Endosc; 2009 Sep;23(9):2053-60
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  • [Title] Endoscopic thyroidectomy via a unilateral axillo-breast approach without gas insufflation for unilateral benign thyroid lesions.
  • Recently, the authors developed a unilateral axillo-breast approach for endoscopic hemithyroidectomy to minimize the visible scar in a natural position and to overcome the limitation of instrumentation.
  • METHODS: This study enrolled 52 consecutive patients undergoing endoscopic hemithyroidectomy via a unilateral axillo-breast approach without gas insufflation.
  • A second 1.0-cm skin incision was made along the upper margin of the mammary areola on the tumor side for insertion of a 12-mm trocar.
  • RESULTS: Postoperative pathology showed 11 follicular adenomas, 1 follicular carcinoma, and 40 benign thyroid lesions.
  • CONCLUSION: Although the aspect of invasiveness could be improved, endoscopic hemithyroidectomy via a unilateral axillo-breast approach without gas insufflation is safe and effective and appears to provide better cosmetic results and a shorter operation time than other endoscopic methods for managing selective unilateral benign thyroid lesions.
  • [MeSH-minor] Adenocarcinoma, Follicular / surgery. Adolescent. Adult. Axilla. Breast. Drainage. Feasibility Studies. Female. Hematoma / etiology. Humans. Length of Stay. Male. Middle Aged. Postoperative Complications / etiology. Seroma / etiology. Vocal Cord Paralysis / etiology. Young Adult

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  • (PMID = 18528625.001).
  • [ISSN] 1432-2218
  • [Journal-full-title] Surgical endoscopy
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Surg Endosc
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Clinical Trial; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Germany
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49. Beatty JS, Williams HT, Aldridge BA, Hughes MP, Vasudeva VS, Gucwa AL, David GS, Lind DS, Kruse EJ, McLoughlin JM: Incidental PET/CT findings in the cancer patient: how should they be managed? Surgery; 2009 Aug;146(2):274-81
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  • Of the 133 patients evaluated further, clinicians identified a second primary malignancy in 41 patients (31%), benign disease in 62 patients (47%), and metastatic disease from their known malignancy in 30 patients (23%).
  • The most common sites for a proven second primary malignancy were: lung (N = 10), breast (N = 7), and colon (N = 5).
  • In our data, approximately half of these findings were benign, a third were consistent with a second primary malignancy or a metastatic focus, and the remainder were never evaluated due to physician and patient decision.
  • Advanced primary tumors are unlikely to be impacted by a second primary tumor suggesting that this subset of patients will not benefit from further investigation.
  • The timing and route of investigation should be dictated by clinical judgment and the status of the primary tumor.
  • [MeSH-major] Incidental Findings. Neoplasms, Second Primary / diagnosis. Positron-Emission Tomography. Tomography, X-Ray Computed
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Aged. Aged, 80 and over. False Positive Reactions. Female. Fluorodeoxyglucose F18. Humans. Male. Middle Aged. Radiopharmaceuticals. Young Adult

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  • (PMID = 19628085.001).
  • [ISSN] 1532-7361
  • [Journal-full-title] Surgery
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Surgery
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Radiopharmaceuticals; 0Z5B2CJX4D / Fluorodeoxyglucose F18
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50. Breiting L, Christensen L, Dahlstrøm K, Breiting V, Winther JF: Primary mucinous carcinoma of the skin: a population-based study. Int J Dermatol; 2008 Mar;47(3):242-5
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  • BACKGROUND: Primary mucinous carcinoma of the skin (PMCS) is a rare malignant tumor deriving from the sweat glands.
  • It is typically located on the head and is often mistaken for a metastasis from a more common primary tumor of the breast or gastrointestinal tract.
  • CONCLUSION: PMCS is a rare, slow-growing tumor which rarely metastasizes and is associated with low mortality.
  • However, the precise number may be higher, since PMCS is an indolent tumor, which may be mistaken for a benign tumor and thus not always examined histologically.
  • [MeSH-minor] Aged. Aged, 80 and over. Denmark / epidemiology. Female. Humans. Incidence. Male. Middle Aged. Registries. Retrospective Studies

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  • (PMID = 18289323.001).
  • [ISSN] 1365-4632
  • [Journal-full-title] International journal of dermatology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Int. J. Dermatol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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51. Böttger T, Terzic A, Müller M: [Laparoscopic pancreatic resection]. Zentralbl Chir; 2006 Aug;131(4):309-14
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  • RESULTS: In all four cases laparoscopic distal pancreatic resection was performed for tumor.
  • Histologic examination showed a neuroendocrine carcinoma, a serous-microcystic adenoma, a low differentiated ductal adenocarcinoma and an intraductal papillary-mucinous tumor of borderline type.
  • CONCLUSION: Laparoscopic resection of distal pancreas shows the common benefit of minimal invasive surgery for the early postoperative period and is an attractive alternative for treatment of benign and semimalign pancreatic tumors.
  • [MeSH-major] Adenoma / surgery. Carcinoma, Ductal, Breast / surgery. Carcinoma, Neuroendocrine / surgery. Cystadenoma, Mucinous / surgery. Laparoscopy. Pancreas / surgery. Pancreatic Neoplasms / surgery
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Aged. Fundoplication. Gastroesophageal Reflux / surgery. Humans. Length of Stay. Liver Neoplasms / radiography. Liver Neoplasms / secondary. Male. Middle Aged. Minimally Invasive Surgical Procedures. Positron-Emission Tomography. Radiography, Abdominal. Spleen / surgery. Tomography, X-Ray Computed

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  • (PMID = 17004190.001).
  • [ISSN] 0044-409X
  • [Journal-full-title] Zentralblatt für Chirurgie
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Zentralbl Chir
  • [Language] ger
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Comparative Study; English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Germany
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52. Chang X, Han J, Pang L, Zhao Y, Yang Y, Shen Z: Increased PADI4 expression in blood and tissues of patients with malignant tumors. BMC Cancer; 2009;9:40
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  • METHODS: Expression of PADI4 was investigated in various tumors and non-tumor tissues (n = 1673) as well as in A549, SKOV3 and U937 tumor cell lines by immunohistochemistry, real-time PCR, and western blot.
  • RESULTS: Immunohistochemistry detected significant PADI4 expression in various malignancies including breast carcinomas, lung adenocarcinomas, hepatocellular carcinomas, esophageal squamous cancer cells, colorectal adenocarcinomas, renal cancer cells, ovarian adenocarcinomas, endometrial carcinomas, uterine adenocarcinomas, bladder carcinomas, chondromas, as well as other metastatic carcinomas.
  • However, PADI4 expression was not observed in benign leiomyomas of stomach, uterine myomas, endometrial hyperplasias, cervical polyps, teratomas, hydatidiform moles, trophoblastic cell hyperplasias, hyroid adenomas, hemangiomas, lymph hyperplasias, schwannomas, neurofibromas, lipomas, and cavernous hemangiomas of the liver.
  • Additionally, PADI4 expression was not detected in non-tumor tissues including cholecystitis, cervicitis and synovitis of osteoarthritis, except in certain acutely inflamed tissues such as in gastritis and appendicitis.
  • Quantitative PCR and western blot analysis showed higher PADI4 expression in gastric adenocarcinomas, lung adenocarcinomas, hepatocellular carcinomas, esophageal squamous cell cancers and breast cancers (n = 5 for each disease) than in the surrounding healthy tissues.
  • Furthermore, western blot analysis detected PADI4 expression in cultured tumor cell lines.
  • ELISA detected increased PADI4 and cAT levels in the blood of patients with various malignant tumors compared to those in patients with chronic inflammation and benign tumors.
  • Additionally, PADI4 and cAT levels were significantly associated with higher levels of known tumor markers.
  • [MeSH-major] Hydrolases / metabolism. Neoplasm Proteins / metabolism. Neoplasms / metabolism
  • [MeSH-minor] Antithrombins / metabolism. Blotting, Western. Cell Line, Tumor. Citrulline / metabolism. Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay. Female. Humans. Immunohistochemistry. Immunoprecipitation. Male. Polymerase Chain Reaction / methods

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  • (PMID = 19183436.001).
  • [ISSN] 1471-2407
  • [Journal-full-title] BMC cancer
  • [ISO-abbreviation] BMC Cancer
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Antithrombins; 0 / Neoplasm Proteins; 29VT07BGDA / Citrulline; EC 3.- / Hydrolases; EC 3.5.3.15 / peptidylarginine deiminase type IV
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC2637889
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53. Brodie A, Njar V, Macedo LF, Vasaitis TS, Sabnis G: The Coffey Lecture: steroidogenic enzyme inhibitors and hormone dependent cancer. Urol Oncol; 2009 Jan-Feb;27(1):53-63
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  • OBJECTIVES: To improve treatment for patients with breast and prostate cancer.
  • Aromatase (estrogen synthetase) inhibitors have now been extensively tested in clinical trials in breast cancer patients.
  • Inhibitors of aromatase (AIs) are showing greater benefit than antiestrogens in the treatment of breast cancer.
  • Although effective in other conditions in both women and men, AIs have not been useful in benign prostatic hypertrophy or prostate cancer.
  • Analysis of breast tumors from mice treated with letrozole revealed up-regulation of HER-2 and MAP Kinase signaling proteins and down-regulation of the estrogen receptor.
  • When mice bearing resistant tumors were treated with trastuzumab, the anti-HER-2 antibody (herceptin), HER-2 was decreased in the tumor but the estrogen receptor and aromatase were restored.
  • Tumor growth was significantly inhibited by treatment with trastuzumab in addition to letrozole.
  • CONCLUSIONS: Aromatase inhibitors are proving to be an effective new class of agents for the treatment of breast cancer.

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  • (PMID = 19111799.001).
  • [ISSN] 1078-1439
  • [Journal-full-title] Urologic oncology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Urol. Oncol.
  • [Language] ENG
  • [Grant] United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / R01 CA027440; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / R01 CA062483-28W1; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / R01 CA027440-23; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / CA-62483; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / CA062483-28W1; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / CA027440-23; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / R01 CA062483
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural; Review
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Antibodies, Monoclonal; 0 / Antibodies, Monoclonal, Humanized; 0 / Aromatase Inhibitors; 0 / Enzyme Inhibitors; 0 / Nitriles; 0 / Receptors, Estrogen; 0 / Steroids; 0 / Triazoles; 2Z07MYW1AZ / anastrozole; EC 1.14.14.1 / Aromatase; EC 2.7.10.1 / ERBB2 protein, human; EC 2.7.10.1 / Receptor, ErbB-2; P188ANX8CK / Trastuzumab
  • [Number-of-references] 80
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ NIHMS88209; NLM/ PMC3090255
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54. Abdul M, Hoosein N: N-methyl-D-aspartate receptor in human prostate cancer. J Membr Biol; 2005 Jun;205(3):125-8
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  • Of 18 benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) specimens, none had stromal NMDAr staining, but 2 had low and 1 had high epithelial NMDAr immunoreactivity.
  • We have also examined the effects of the NMDAr antagonist memantine on the growth of ten human cancer cell lines: four prostate, two breast and four colon.
  • [MeSH-minor] Breast / metabolism. Cell Line. Cell Line, Tumor. Cell Proliferation / drug effects. Colonic Neoplasms. Cysteine / analogs & derivatives. Cysteine / pharmacology. Dizocilpine Maleate / pharmacology. Humans. Immunohistochemistry. Male. Memantine / pharmacology. Prostate / physiology. Prostatic Hyperplasia / physiopathology

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  • (PMID = 16362500.001).
  • [ISSN] 0022-2631
  • [Journal-full-title] The Journal of membrane biology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Membr. Biol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Receptors, N-Methyl-D-Aspartate; 2381-08-0 / cysteine sulfinic acid; 6LR8C1B66Q / Dizocilpine Maleate; K848JZ4886 / Cysteine; W8O17SJF3T / Memantine
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55. Pontes ER, Matos LC, da Silva EA, Xavier LS, Diaz BL, Small IA, Reis EM, Verjovski-Almeida S, Barcinski MA, Gimba ER: Auto-antibodies in prostate cancer: humoral immune response to antigenic determinants coded by the differentially expressed transcripts FLJ23438 and VAMP3. Prostate; 2006 Oct 1;66(14):1463-73
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  • BACKGROUND: Here we evaluate auto-antibody response against two potential antigenic determinants of genes highly expressed in low Gleason Score prostate cancer (PC) tumor samples, namely FLJ23438 and VAMP3.
  • The auto-antibody response against FLJ23438 and VAMP3 recombinant proteins was tested by immunoblot assays using PC, benign prostate hyperplasia (BPH), healthy donors (HD), and other human cancers plasma samples.
  • [MeSH-major] Adenocarcinoma / immunology. Autoantibodies / blood. Biomarkers, Tumor / immunology. Prostatic Neoplasms / immunology. Vesicle-Associated Membrane Protein 3 / immunology
  • [MeSH-minor] Aged. Antigens / genetics. Antigens / immunology. Breast Neoplasms. Carcinoma, Squamous Cell. Cell Line, Tumor. Colorectal Neoplasms. Esophageal Neoplasms. Gene Expression Regulation, Neoplastic. Humans. Lung Neoplasms. Male. Middle Aged. Open Reading Frames / genetics. Prostatic Hyperplasia / epidemiology. Prostatic Hyperplasia / immunology. Prostatic Hyperplasia / physiopathology. RNA, Messenger / genetics. RNA, Small Nuclear / genetics. RNA, Small Nuclear / immunology. Recombinant Proteins / genetics. Recombinant Proteins / immunology. Seroepidemiologic Studies

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  • [Copyright] (c) 2006 Wiley-Liss, Inc.
  • (PMID = 16897729.001).
  • [ISSN] 0270-4137
  • [Journal-full-title] The Prostate
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Prostate
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Antigens; 0 / Autoantibodies; 0 / Biomarkers, Tumor; 0 / RNA, Messenger; 0 / RNA, Small Nuclear; 0 / Recombinant Proteins; 0 / U2 small nuclear RNA; 0 / VAMP3 protein, human; 0 / Vesicle-Associated Membrane Protein 3
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56. Leinung S, Möbius C, Udelnow A, Hauss J, Würl P: Histopathological outcome of 597 isolated soft tissue tumors suspected of soft tissue sarcoma: a single-center 12-year experience. Eur J Surg Oncol; 2007 May;33(4):508-11
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  • BACKGROUND: The aim of this present report was to analyze the patients referred to us with the presumptive diagnosis of soft tissue sarcoma (STS).
  • Open biopsy revealed soft tissue sarcoma in 318 cases, benign mesenchymal tumor in 124 cases and isolated metastases (ISTM) from carcinomas in 98 patients; other pathologies were found in 57 patients.
  • The primary carcinomas were lung cancer in 26 patients, breast cancer in 19 patients, renal carcinoma in 16 patients, carcinoma of the esophagus in 12 patients, colonic carcinoma in 5 patients, thyroid gland cancer in 6 patients, and in 14 patients carcinoma of unknown primary was diagnosed.
  • CONCLUSIONS: In our collective with soft tissue tumor, 50% of the patients had the diagnosis of soft tissue sarcoma, 20% presented with a metastasis of carcinoma and 20% had a benign tumor.
  • Referring to our results, in patients with the presumptive diagnosis of soft tissue sarcomas, soft tissue metastasis of a primary carcinoma was unexpectedly common, indicating that greater consideration should be given to this differential diagnosis.
  • [MeSH-minor] Adolescent. Adult. Aged. Aged, 80 and over. Biopsy. Female. Humans. Male. Middle Aged. Neoplasm Metastasis

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  • (PMID = 17081724.001).
  • [ISSN] 0748-7983
  • [Journal-full-title] European journal of surgical oncology : the journal of the European Society of Surgical Oncology and the British Association of Surgical Oncology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Eur J Surg Oncol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] England
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57. Mohri Y, Mohri T, Wei W, Qi YJ, Martin A, Miki C, Kusunoki M, Ward DG, Johnson PJ: Identification of macrophage migration inhibitory factor and human neutrophil peptides 1-3 as potential biomarkers for gastric cancer. Br J Cancer; 2009 Jul 21;101(2):295-302
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  • METHODS: Surface-enhanced laser desorption/ionisation time-of-flight mass spectrometry (SELDI) and antibody arrays were used to compare protein expression in 21 pairs of gastric cancer tissue and adjacent normal mucosa and serum from 51 gastric cancer patients and 29 patients with benign gastric diseases.
  • Macrophage migration inhibitory factor (MIF) was increased five-fold (P=1.84 x 10(-7)) in the serum of gastric cancer patients relative to individuals with benign gastric disease.

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  • (PMID = 19550422.001).
  • [ISSN] 1532-1827
  • [Journal-full-title] British journal of cancer
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Br. J. Cancer
  • [Language] ENG
  • [Grant] United Kingdom / Cancer Research UK / /
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Biomarkers, Tumor; 0 / Blood Proteins; 0 / Macrophage Migration-Inhibitory Factors; 0 / Neoplasm Proteins; 0 / alpha-Defensins; 0 / human neutrophil peptide 1; 0 / human neutrophil peptide 2; 0 / human neutrophil peptide 3
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC2720195
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58. Abdel Razek AA, Gaballa G, Denewer A, Tawakol I: Diffusion weighted MR imaging of the breast. Acad Radiol; 2010 Mar;17(3):382-6
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  • [Title] Diffusion weighted MR imaging of the breast.
  • The aim of this work is to review the techniques and clinical applications of diffusion-weighted magnetic resonance (MR) imaging of the breast.
  • Diffusion-weighted MR imaging plays a role in the differentiation breast cancer from benign lesions, the characterization of malignancy, and the detection of tumor extension.
  • The apparent diffusion coefficient of breast cancer is correlated with tumor cellularity and some prognostic factors of breast cancer.
  • Diffusion-weighted MR imaging is used for the characterization of breast mass, diagnosis, and the grading and staging of breast cancer, as well as prediction of the responses of patients with breast cancer to chemotherapy.
  • [MeSH-major] Algorithms. Breast / pathology. Breast Neoplasms / diagnosis. Diffusion Magnetic Resonance Imaging / methods. Image Interpretation, Computer-Assisted / methods. Pattern Recognition, Automated / methods
  • [MeSH-minor] Female. Humans. Image Enhancement / methods. Male. Reproducibility of Results. Sensitivity and Specificity

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  • (PMID = 20004597.001).
  • [ISSN] 1878-4046
  • [Journal-full-title] Academic radiology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Acad Radiol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Number-of-references] 32
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59. Abdel Salam I, Gaballa HE, Abdel Wahab N: Serum levels of epidermal growth factor and HER-2 neu in non small-cell lung cancer: prognostic correlation. Med Oncol; 2009;26(2):161-6
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  • A total of 30 patients with pathologically proven NSCLC were enrolled in this study in addition to ten normal controls subjects and ten cases with benign pulmonary diseases as broncheicatsis, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease.
  • The levels were significantly higher in those with stages III, IV compared with I, II, and in those with higher grades of the tumor.
  • [MeSH-major] Biomarkers, Tumor / blood. Carcinoma, Non-Small-Cell Lung / diagnosis. Lung Neoplasms / diagnosis. Receptor, Epidermal Growth Factor / blood. Receptor, ErbB-2 / blood
  • [MeSH-minor] Aged. Bronchoalveolar Lavage Fluid / chemistry. Female. Humans. Male. Middle Aged. Prognosis


60. Zhang J, Park SI, Artime MC, Summy JM, Shah AN, Bomser JA, Dorfleutner A, Flynn DC, Gallick GE: AFAP-110 is overexpressed in prostate cancer and contributes to tumorigenic growth by regulating focal contacts. J Clin Invest; 2007 Oct;117(10):2962-73
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  • Using immunohistochemistry of human tissue arrays, we found that AFAP-110 was absent or expressed at very low levels in normal prostatic epithelium and benign prostatic hyperplasia but significantly increased in prostate carcinomas.
  • [MeSH-minor] Animals. Cell Adhesion / genetics. Cell Line, Tumor. Cell Movement / genetics. Cell Proliferation. Down-Regulation. Extracellular Matrix / pathology. Humans. Integrins / metabolism. Male. Mice. Mice, Nude. Mutation. Protein-Tyrosine Kinases / metabolism. Up-Regulation

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  • (PMID = 17885682.001).
  • [ISSN] 0021-9738
  • [Journal-full-title] The Journal of clinical investigation
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Clin. Invest.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / AFAP 110; 0 / Integrins; 0 / Microfilament Proteins; 0 / Phosphoproteins; EC 2.7.10.1 / Protein-Tyrosine Kinases
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC1978423
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61. García-Reyna JC, Rico Martínez G, Vega González IF, Linares LM, Delgado Cedillo EA, Romero Ramírez R: [Musculoskeletal tumor evaluation with 99mTc-Tetrofosmin]. Acta Ortop Mex; 2008 Nov-Dec;22(6):390-6
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  • [Title] [Musculoskeletal tumor evaluation with 99mTc-Tetrofosmin].
  • [Transliterated title] 99mTc-Tetrofosmin en la evaluación de tumores musculoesqueléticos.
  • INTRODUCTION: (99m)Tc-tetrofosmin is an efficient agent as a tumor marker.
  • Several studies have proven its efficiency in detection and localization of tumors of the breast, larynx, thyroid, parathyroid glands, lung, brain, skin, lymphatic and musculoskeletal tissues with a sensitivity and specificity of 95% to 100%.
  • Nevertheless, benign pathology such as active inflammation is a source of false positives and the attending physician must consider the aid of complementary studies such as histopathology.
  • [MeSH-minor] Adolescent. Adult. Aged. Aged, 80 and over. Child. Child, Preschool. Cross-Sectional Studies. Female. Humans. Male. Middle Aged. Predictive Value of Tests. Prospective Studies. Sensitivity and Specificity. Young Adult

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  • (PMID = 19280840.001).
  • [ISSN] 2306-4102
  • [Journal-full-title] Acta ortopédica mexicana
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Acta Ortop Mex
  • [Language] spa
  • [Publication-type] Clinical Trial; Comparative Study; English Abstract; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] Mexico
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Organophosphorus Compounds; 0 / Organotechnetium Compounds; 0 / Radiopharmaceuticals; 0 / technetium Tc 99m 1,2-bis(bis(2-ethoxyethyl)phosphino)ethane
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62. Hostanska K, Suter A, Melzer J, Saller R: Evaluation of cell death caused by an ethanolic extract of Serenoae repentis fructus (Prostasan) on human carcinoma cell lines. Anticancer Res; 2007 Mar-Apr;27(2):873-81
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  • BACKGROUND: Phytotherapy is a third approach for treating lower urinary tract symptoms associated with benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH).
  • MATERIALS AND METHODS: The effect of an ethanolic extract of S. repens (10-1000 microg/ml) was tested in hormone-sensitive LNCaP, MCF-7 and hormone-insensitive DU 145, MDA MB231 prostate, breast carcinoma cell lines, renal Caki-1, urinary bladder J82, colon HCT 116 and lung A 549 cancer cells.
  • In hormone-sensitive prostate LNCaP and breast MCF-7 cell lines, the effect of extract expressed in GI50 was 2.2- and 2.5-fold more potent (p < 0.01) than in hormone-insensitive DU 145 and MDA MB231 cells.
  • [MeSH-minor] Breast Neoplasms / drug therapy. Cell Line, Tumor. Drug Screening Assays, Antitumor. Female. HCT116 Cells. Humans. Male. Neoplasms, Hormone-Dependent / drug therapy. Prostatic Neoplasms / drug therapy


63. Riethdorf S, Reimers N, Assmann V, Kornfeld JW, Terracciano L, Sauter G, Pantel K: High incidence of EMMPRIN expression in human tumors. Int J Cancer; 2006 Oct 15;119(8):1800-10
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  • Extracellular matrix metalloproteinase inducer expressed by tumor cells stimulates peritumoral fibroblasts to produce matrix metalloproteinases, thus contributing to tumor invasion and metastasis.
  • EMMPRIN expression was detected immunohistochemically using monoclonal antibodies MEM-M6/1 and HIM6 and tissue microarrays with 2,348 and 608 tissue samples from 129 distinct tumor types and 76 different normal tissues, respectively.
  • Expression and glycosylation state of EMMPRIN in human breast cancer cells were analyzed by Western blot analysis with monoclonal antibodies recognizing distinct carbohydrate structures and biochemical methods.
  • EMMPRIN expression was found in 112 of 129 tumor entities analyzed with malignant tumors being EMMPRIN positive more frequently than benign tumors.
  • A remarkable heterogeneity in EMMPRIN expression between tumor entities was observed.
  • Among others, squamous-cell carcinomas (60-100%), pancreatic (87%), chromophobic kidney (83%), hepatocellular (83%) or medullary breast (83%) adenocarcinomas as well as glioblastoma multiforme (79%) presented with a particular high incidence of EMMPRIN expression.
  • We could further demonstrate that breast cancer cells expressed EMMPRIN isoforms differing in the presence or absence of Lewis X glycan structures.
  • [MeSH-minor] Carbohydrate Metabolism. Cell Line, Tumor. Female. Humans. Immunohistochemistry. Male. Protein Isoforms / metabolism

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  • [Copyright] Copyright 2006 Wiley-Liss, Inc.
  • (PMID = 16721788.001).
  • [ISSN] 0020-7136
  • [Journal-full-title] International journal of cancer
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Int. J. Cancer
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Protein Isoforms; 136894-56-9 / Antigens, CD147
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64. Kurihara T, Itoi T, Sofuni A, Itokawa F, Tsuchiya T, Tsuji S, Ishii K, Ikeuchi N, Tsuchida A, Kasuya K, Kawai T, Sakai Y, Moriyasu F: Detection of circulating tumor cells in patients with pancreatic cancer: a preliminary result. J Hepatobiliary Pancreat Surg; 2008;15(2):189-95
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Detection of circulating tumor cells in patients with pancreatic cancer: a preliminary result.
  • BACKGROUND/PURPOSE: It has been reported that circulating tumor cells (CTCs) can be used to predict survival in metastatic breast cancer.
  • CTC was negative in 15 patients with PC (stage II, 1; stage III, 1; stage IVa, 7; and stage IVb, 6) and in the subjects with benign conditions.
  • [MeSH-minor] Aged. Aged, 80 and over. Female. Humans. Male. Middle Aged. Neoplasm Staging. Prognosis. Survival Analysis

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  • (PMID = 18392713.001).
  • [ISSN] 0944-1166
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of hepato-biliary-pancreatic surgery
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Hepatobiliary Pancreat Surg
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] Japan
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65. Gratzinger D, Zhao S, West R, Rouse RV, Vogel H, Gil EC, Levy R, Lossos IS, Natkunam Y: The transcription factor LMO2 is a robust marker of vascular endothelium and vascular neoplasms and selected other entities. Am J Clin Pathol; 2009 Feb;131(2):264-78
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  • The transcription factor LMO2 is involved in vascular and hematopoietic development and hematolymphoid neoplasia.
  • LMO2 reactivity is otherwise virtually absent in nonhematolymphoid tissues except in breast myoepithelium, prostatic basal cells, and secretory phase endometrial glands.
  • LMO2 is uniformly expressed in benign vascular and lymphatic neoplasms and in most malignant vascular neoplasms with the exception of epithelioid vascular neoplasms of pleura and bone.
  • Among nonvascular neoplasms, LMO2 reactivity is present in giant cell tumor of tendon sheath, juvenile xanthogranuloma, a subset of gastrointestinal stromal tumors, small round blue cell tumors, and myoepithelial-derived neoplasms.

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  • (PMID = 19141387.001).
  • [ISSN] 1943-7722
  • [Journal-full-title] American journal of clinical pathology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Am. J. Clin. Pathol.
  • [Language] ENG
  • [Grant] United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / P01 CA034233; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / CA34233; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / CA122105; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / CA33399; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / R37 CA033399; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / R01 CA109335; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / R01 CA122105; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / CA109335; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / P30 CA124435
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Adaptor Proteins, Signal Transducing; 0 / Biomarkers, Tumor; 0 / DNA-Binding Proteins; 0 / LIM Domain Proteins; 0 / LMO2 protein, human; 0 / Metalloproteins; 0 / Proto-Oncogene Proteins
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ NIHMS636776; NLM/ PMC4305438
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66. Ishimori T, Patel PV, Wahl RL: Detection of unexpected additional primary malignancies with PET/CT. J Nucl Med; 2005 May;46(5):752-7
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  • The sites of known or suspected primary tumors included lung (28.6%), colon or rectum (12.4%), head or neck (12.1%), lymph nodes (10.9%), breast (7.6%), gynecologic organs (7.1%), genitourinary organs (4.2%), esophagus (3.6%), skin (melanoma) (3.5%), pancreas (2.5%), bone or soft tissue (2.2%), and other sites (5.4%).
  • Lesions that were newly discovered on PET/CT, had not been previously detected by other modalities, and were atypical in location for metastases on the PET/CT study were interpreted as suggestive of a new primary malignant tumor.
  • These abnormalities were compared with the final diagnosis obtained from the medical records, including pathologic reports.
  • Proven sites were lung (7 lesions), thyroid (6 lesions), colon (4 lesions), breast (2 lesions), esophagus (2 lesions), bile duct (1 lesion), and head and neck other than thyroid (1 lesion).
  • In 8 patients, the PET-positive lesions were considered benign after clinical follow-up of at least 8 mo.
  • In 39 patients, the follow-up record was not yet available and the final diagnosis of the detected lesion has not yet been resolved.
  • [MeSH-minor] Aged. Aged, 80 and over. Female. Humans. Incidence. Incidental Findings. Male. Middle Aged. Reproducibility of Results. Retrospective Studies. Sensitivity and Specificity. Subtraction Technique / statistics & numerical data. United States / epidemiology

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  • (PMID = 15872346.001).
  • [ISSN] 0161-5505
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of nuclear medicine : official publication, Society of Nuclear Medicine
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Nucl. Med.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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67. MacLaughlin BW, Gutsmuths B, Pretner E, Jonas WB, Ives J, Kulawardane DV, Amri H: Effects of homeopathic preparations on human prostate cancer growth in cellular and animal models. Integr Cancer Ther; 2006 Dec;5(4):362-72
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  • In homeopathy, Sabal serrulata is commonly prescribed for prostate problems ranging from benign prostatic hyperplasia to prostate cancer.
  • The authors' work assessed the antiproliferative effects of homeopathic preparations of Sabal serrulata, Thuja occidentalis, and Conium maculatum, in vivo, on nude mouse xenografts, and in vitro, on PC-3 and DU-145 human prostate cancer as well as MDA-MB-231 human breast cancer cell lines.
  • Treatment with Sabal serrulata in vitro resulted in a 33% decrease of PC-3 cell proliferation at 72 hours and a 23% reduction of DU-145 cell proliferation at 24 hours (P<.01).
  • No effect was observed on MDA-MB-231 human breast cancer cells.
  • In vivo, prostate tumor xenograft size was significantly reduced in Sabal serrulata-treated mice compared to untreated controls (P=.012).
  • No effect was observed on breast tumor growth.
  • Our study clearly demonstrates a biologic response to homeopathic treatment as manifested by cell proliferation and tumor growth.
  • [MeSH-minor] Animals. Breast Neoplasms / drug therapy. Breast Neoplasms / pathology. Cell Line, Tumor. Cell Proliferation / drug effects. Conium. Disease Models, Animal. Female. Humans. Male. Mice. Mice, Nude. Serenoa. Thuja. Xenograft Model Antitumor Assays

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  • (PMID = 17101766.001).
  • [ISSN] 1534-7354
  • [Journal-full-title] Integrative cancer therapies
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Integr Cancer Ther
  • [Language] eng
  • [Grant] United States / NCCIH NIH HHS / AT / K07 AT001193
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Plant Preparations
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68. Dupuis C, Coard KC: A review of granular cell tumours at the University Hospital of the West Indies: 1965-2006. West Indian Med J; 2009 Mar;58(2):138-41
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  • They are usually benign, but as they are infrequently diagnosed preoperatively, they may be confused clinically with malignant lesions.
  • Of these, 99patients were female and 23 male, providing a male:female ratio of l to 4.3.
  • Lesions ranged in size from 0.2 cm to 10 cm in greatest dimension, the average size being 1.85 cm and were found in a diverse array of anatomic locations, the most common being the vulva, breast and tongue.
  • The correct clinical diagnosis was proffered preoperatively in only one case.
  • In contrast, a malignant diagnosis was suggested in 19 cases.
  • In particular lesions of the tongue accounted for fewer than expected, while lesions of the breast and vulva were considerably increased.
  • [MeSH-major] Granular Cell Tumor / epidemiology. Granular Cell Tumor / pathology
  • [MeSH-minor] Adolescent. Adult. Aged. Aged, 80 and over. Breast Neoplasms / epidemiology. Child. Child, Preschool. Female. Hospitals, University. Humans. Infant. Infant, Newborn. Male. Middle Aged. Tongue Neoplasms / epidemiology. Vulvar Neoplasms / epidemiology. West Indies / epidemiology. Young Adult

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  • (PMID = 21866599.001).
  • [ISSN] 0043-3144
  • [Journal-full-title] The West Indian medical journal
  • [ISO-abbreviation] West Indian Med J
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Jamaica
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69. Zhou XD, Sens MA, Garrett SH, Somji S, Park S, Gurel V, Sens DA: Enhanced expression of metallothionein isoform 3 protein in tumor heterotransplants derived from As+3- and Cd+2-transformed human urothelial cells. Toxicol Sci; 2006 Oct;93(2):322-30
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  • [Title] Enhanced expression of metallothionein isoform 3 protein in tumor heterotransplants derived from As+3- and Cd+2-transformed human urothelial cells.
  • Immunohistochemical staining of MT-3 on archival diagnostic specimens showed that only 2 of 63 (3.17%) benign bladder specimens had even weak reactivity for the MT-3 protein.
  • The gain in MT-3 expression when cells were grown as heterotransplants was also shown to occur for the MCF-7, T-47D, Hs 578t, MDA-MB-231 breast cancer, and the PC-3 prostate cancer cell lines.
  • [MeSH-minor] Animals. Biomarkers, Tumor. Breast Neoplasms / metabolism. Cells, Cultured. Female. Humans. Immunohistochemistry. Male. Mice. Neoplasm Transplantation. Prostatic Neoplasms / metabolism. Protein Isoforms. RNA, Messenger / analysis. Transplantation, Heterologous

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  • (PMID = 16854967.001).
  • [ISSN] 1096-6080
  • [Journal-full-title] Toxicological sciences : an official journal of the Society of Toxicology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Toxicol. Sci.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Grant] United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / R01 CA094997; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / R01 CA098832
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Biomarkers, Tumor; 0 / Protein Isoforms; 0 / RNA, Messenger; 00BH33GNGH / Cadmium; 9038-94-2 / Metallothionein; N712M78A8G / Arsenic
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70. Anyikam A, Nzegwu MA, Ozumba BC, Okoye I, Olusina DB: Benign breast lesions in Eastern Nigeria. Saudi Med J; 2008 Feb;29(2):241-4
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  • [Title] Benign breast lesions in Eastern Nigeria.
  • OBJECTIVE: To characterize benign breast diseases in Eastern Nigeria and to highlight the age variations of these lesions as base line data.
  • Seven hundred and twenty-two benign breast specimens were analyzed over 5 years from 1st January 2000 to 31st December 2004, out of 1050 breast samples received.
  • RESULTS: Of 1050 breast specimens received, 722 (68.8%) were benign.
  • Normal breast in the axillary tail region was seen in 32 cases (4.4%), represented as no pathology, with a mean presentation age of 20-46 years.
  • Low grade Phyllodes tumor had 28 cases (3.9%), presenting at an average mean age of 17-32 years.
  • Benign breast lesions peaked at the 20-24 age range and then declined.
  • CONCLUSION: Benign breast lesions occur more frequently than malignant breast lesions with a ratio of 2.3:1 and were presented 20 years earlier than their malignant counterparts.
  • Fibroadenoma was the most common benign lesion followed by fibrocystic disease, similar to the findings in Western Nigeria.
  • In Northern Nigeria, fibrocystic breast disease was more common.
  • [MeSH-major] Breast Diseases / epidemiology. Breast Neoplasms / epidemiology. Fibroadenoma / epidemiology
  • [MeSH-minor] Adolescent. Adult. Age Factors. Aged. Child. Female. Fibrocystic Breast Disease / epidemiology. Gynecomastia / epidemiology. Humans. Male. Middle Aged. Nigeria / epidemiology. Phyllodes Tumor / epidemiology. Sex Factors

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  • (PMID = 18246234.001).
  • [ISSN] 0379-5284
  • [Journal-full-title] Saudi medical journal
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Saudi Med J
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Comparative Study; Evaluation Studies; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Saudi Arabia
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71. Xuan Q, Yang X, Mo L, Huang F, Pang Y, Qin M, Chen Z, He M, Wang Q, Mo ZN: Expression of the serine protease kallikrein 7 and its inhibitor antileukoprotease is decreased in prostate cancer. Arch Pathol Lab Med; 2008 Nov;132(11):1796-801
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  • It has been confirmed that kallikrein 7 (KLK7) is differentially expressed in ovarian and breast cancer.
  • DESIGN: The mRNA expression of KLK7 and ALP transcript in benign prostate epithelial cells and prostate cancers was evaluated by semiquantitative reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction.
  • We examined hK7 and ALP protein expression by immunohistochemistry in 20 normal prostate tissues, 50 benign prostatic hyperplasia tissues, and 103 prostate cancers.
  • Western blot examination showed protein expression of hK7 and ALP in benign prostate epithelial cells and prostate cancer cell lines.
  • RESULTS: Semiquantitative polymerase chain reaction examination revealed that the mRNA level of KLK7 and ALP was significantly decreased in prostate cancers compared with that in benign prostate epithelial cells (P < .001).
  • [MeSH-minor] Case-Control Studies. Cell Line, Tumor. Down-Regulation. Epithelial Cells / metabolism. Epithelial Cells / pathology. Humans. Male. Prostate / cytology. Prostate / metabolism. Prostatic Hyperplasia / metabolism. Prostatic Hyperplasia / pathology. RNA, Messenger / metabolism

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  • (PMID = 18976018.001).
  • [ISSN] 1543-2165
  • [Journal-full-title] Archives of pathology & laboratory medicine
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Arch. Pathol. Lab. Med.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / RNA, Messenger; 0 / Secretory Leukocyte Peptidase Inhibitor; EC 3.4.21.- / KLK7 protein, human; EC 3.4.21.- / Kallikreins
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72. Chung LW, Baseman A, Assikis V, Zhau HE: Molecular insights into prostate cancer progression: the missing link of tumor microenvironment. J Urol; 2005 Jan;173(1):10-20
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Molecular insights into prostate cancer progression: the missing link of tumor microenvironment.
  • PURPOSE: Tumor cell genotype and phenotype have been considered the only determinants supporting cancer growth and metastasis.
  • This review focuses on the published literature that suggests that tumor-microenvironment interaction has a decisive role in controlling local cancer growth, invasion and distant metastasis.
  • As this review shows, genetic alterations in prostate cancer cells alone are not enough to confer metastatic status without a supporting tumor microenvironment.
  • Effective therapeutic targeting requires a deeper understanding of the interplay between tumor and stroma.
  • Approaches co-targeting tumor and stroma already show promise over the conventional targeting of tumor cells alone in preventing prostate cancer progression and eradicating preexisting or newly developed prostate cancers in bone and visceral organs.
  • MATERIALS AND METHODS: A literature survey using the MEDLINE database was performed in basic and clinical publications relevant to tumor-host microenvironment interaction.
  • RESULTS: Tumor associated stroma actively fuel the progression of prostate cancer from localized growth to the invasion of surrounding tissues, and the development of distant bone and visceral organ metastasis.
  • In concert with this progression tumor cells recovered from metastatic sites could represent a subpopulation of preexisting tumor cells or could be a newly acquired variant subsequent to tumor-stromal interaction.
  • This presents a new opportunity for therapeutic targeting for the treatment of benign and malignant growth of the prostate glands.
  • This review summarizes specific research implicating tumor-microenvironment interaction as the molecular basis of cancer progression, providing a rationale for targeting tumor and the tumor associated microenvironment in the management of androgen independent and bone metastatic prostate cancer progression in patients.
  • Further elucidation of the molecular mechanisms underlying tumor-stromal interaction may yield improved medical treatments for prostate cancer growth and metastasis.
  • [MeSH-minor] Bone Neoplasms / physiopathology. Bone Neoplasms / secondary. Breast Neoplasms / physiopathology. Cell Differentiation. Cell Line, Tumor. Cell Transformation, Neoplastic. Disease Progression. Extracellular Matrix / physiology. Fibroblasts / physiology. Gene Expression Regulation, Neoplastic / physiology. Humans. Male. Molecular Mimicry. Neoplasm Invasiveness. Signal Transduction / physiology. Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor A / physiology

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  • (PMID = 15592017.001).
  • [ISSN] 0022-5347
  • [Journal-full-title] The Journal of urology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Urol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Grant] United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / CA 098912; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / CA 76620
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.; Review
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor A
  • [Number-of-references] 73
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73. Rekhi B, Jambhekar NA: Morphologic spectrum, immunohistochemical analysis, and clinical features of a series of granular cell tumors of soft tissues: a study from a tertiary referral cancer center. Ann Diagn Pathol; 2010 Jun;14(3):162-7
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  • A granular cell tumor (GCT) is relatively uncommon and objectively diagnosed with neural markers on immunohistochemistry (IHC).
  • Herein, we present morphologic spectrum of 12 GCTs of soft tissues and skin, including 10 benign and 2 malignant subtypes with an optimal diagnostic IHC panel.
  • Six cases occurred in soft tissues and skin of extremities, 4 in the breast soft tissues, and 1 case each in the back and preauricular region, respectively.
  • On histopathology, all cases invariably revealed a nonencapsulated infiltrating tumor comprising groups and nests of granular cells with vesicular nuclei.
  • Immunohistochemistry in 10 cases (83.3%) showed diffuse S-100 positivity in all 7 benign and 2 malignant cases: cytoplasmic CD68 positivity (all 10 cases) and membranous vimentin staining (all 4 cases).
  • A GCT is a discrete tumor entity and can be identified from other granular lesions by its proximity to nerves and objective identification with diffuse S-100 positivity, CD68 positivity, and membranous vimentin positivity that form an optimal IHC panel in limited resource settings, irrespective of benign or malignant types.
  • [MeSH-major] Cancer Care Facilities. Granular Cell Tumor / pathology. Referral and Consultation. Skin Neoplasms / pathology. Soft Tissue Neoplasms / pathology
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Aged. Antigens, CD / metabolism. Antigens, Differentiation, Myelomonocytic / metabolism. Biomarkers, Tumor / metabolism. Child. Female. Humans. Male. Middle Aged. S100 Proteins / metabolism. Vimentin / metabolism. Young Adult

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  • (PMID = 20471560.001).
  • [ISSN] 1532-8198
  • [Journal-full-title] Annals of diagnostic pathology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Ann Diagn Pathol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Antigens, CD; 0 / Antigens, Differentiation, Myelomonocytic; 0 / Biomarkers, Tumor; 0 / CD68 antigen, human; 0 / S100 Proteins; 0 / Vimentin
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74. Kammori M, Izumiyama N, Nakamura K, Kurabayashi R, Kashio M, Aida J, Poon SS, Kaminishi M: Telomere metabolism and diagnostic demonstration of telomere measurement in the human esophagus for distinguishing benign from malignant tissue by tissue quantitative fluorescence in situ hybridization. Oncology; 2006;71(5-6):430-6
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  • [Title] Telomere metabolism and diagnostic demonstration of telomere measurement in the human esophagus for distinguishing benign from malignant tissue by tissue quantitative fluorescence in situ hybridization.
  • In conclusion, our TCR method can be used to distinguish between benign and malignant tissue in esophageal lesions.
  • [MeSH-major] Carcinoma, Squamous Cell / diagnosis. Esophageal Neoplasms / diagnosis. Esophagus / pathology. In Situ Hybridization, Fluorescence / methods. Telomere / genetics
  • [MeSH-minor] Aged. Anaphase / genetics. Biomarkers, Tumor / biosynthesis. Centromere / pathology. Chromosomal Instability / genetics. Humans. Male. Middle Aged. Stem Cells / pathology

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  • [Copyright] Copyright 2006 S. Karger AG, Basel.
  • (PMID = 17878747.001).
  • [ISSN] 1423-0232
  • [Journal-full-title] Oncology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Oncology
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] Switzerland
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Biomarkers, Tumor
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75. Niedźwiecki S, Stepień T, Kuzdak K, Stepień H, Krupiński R, Seehofer D, Rayes N, Ulrich F: Serum levels of interleukin-1 receptor antagonist (IL-1ra) in thyroid cancer patients. Langenbecks Arch Surg; 2008 May;393(3):275-80
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  • MATERIALS AND METHODS: We measured preoperative IL-1ra serum levels of 52 consecutive patients with thyroid cancer, 15 with benign adenoma and 27 healthy volunteers.
  • The final histological diagnosis revealed 21 patients with papillary and 8 patients with follicular carcinoma (FTC), while 12 cases of medullary and 11 cases of anaplastic carcinoma (ATC) were observed.
  • [MeSH-major] Biomarkers, Tumor / blood. Interleukin 1 Receptor Antagonist Protein / blood. Thyroid Neoplasms / blood
  • [MeSH-minor] Adenocarcinoma, Follicular / blood. Adenocarcinoma, Follicular / surgery. Adenocarcinoma, Papillary / blood. Adenocarcinoma, Papillary / surgery. Adenoma / blood. Adenoma / surgery. Adult. Aged. Carcinoma / blood. Carcinoma / surgery. Carcinoma, Medullary / blood. Carcinoma, Medullary / surgery. Female. Humans. Male. Middle Aged. Reference Values. Sex Factors. Young Adult

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  • [CommentIn] Langenbecks Arch Surg. 2009 Mar;394(2):401-2; author reply 403 [18825404.001]
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  • (PMID = 18064485.001).
  • [ISSN] 1435-2451
  • [Journal-full-title] Langenbeck's archives of surgery
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Langenbecks Arch Surg
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] Germany
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Biomarkers, Tumor; 0 / IL1RN protein, human; 0 / Interleukin 1 Receptor Antagonist Protein
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76. Sood AK, Saxena R, Groth J, Desouki MM, Cheewakriangkrai C, Rodabaugh KJ, Kasyapa CS, Geradts J: Expression characteristics of prostate-derived Ets factor support a role in breast and prostate cancer progression. Hum Pathol; 2007 Nov;38(11):1628-38
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  • [Title] Expression characteristics of prostate-derived Ets factor support a role in breast and prostate cancer progression.
  • The purpose of this study was to understand the characteristics of prostate-derived Ets factor (PDEF) protein expression in breast and prostate cancer progression.
  • A polyclonal antibody specific to PDEF was raised and reacted with tissue microarrays consisting of benign breast, in situ ductal, invasive ductal, and invasive lobular breast carcinomas.
  • The antibody was also reacted with tissue microarrays, including benign prostate, prostate intraepithelial neoplasias (PINs), and prostate carcinomas.
  • Increased expression of PDEF was identified in 18%, 50%, 46%, and 51% of benign breast tissues, intraductal, invasive ductal, and invasive lobular carcinomas, respectively.
  • Importantly, in matched samples of benign breast vs tumor, 90% showed higher expression of PDEF in the tumor tissue.
  • Moreover, in invasive breast carcinomas, increased PDEF expression tended to correlate with Her2/neu overexpression.
  • Increased expression of PDEF was also found in 27%, 33%, and 40% of benign prostate tissues, PIN samples, and prostate adenocarcinomas, respectively.
  • Again, in matching samples of cancer vs benign and cancer vs PIN, 68% and 70%, respectively, showed increased expression in the malignant tissue.
  • In addition, R1881 treatment induced PDEF expression in the LNCaP prostate tumor cell line, suggesting regulation of PDEF by androgens in vivo.
  • Together, these results for the first time show frequent increased expression of PDEF protein in breast and prostate tumors and support a role for PDEF in breast and prostate cancer progression.

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  • (PMID = 17521701.001).
  • [ISSN] 0046-8177
  • [Journal-full-title] Human pathology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Hum. Pathol.
  • [Language] ENG
  • [Grant] United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / P30 CA016056; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / CA 86164; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / CA086164-03; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / R41 CA086164-03; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / P30 CA 16056
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-ets; 0 / SPDEF protein, human; 2C323EGI97 / Metribolone
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ NIHMS33974; NLM/ PMC2121591
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77. Nabarra B, Pontoux C, Godard C, Osborne-Pellegrin M, Ezine S: Neoplastic transformation and angiogenesis in the thymus of transgenic mice expressing SV40 T and t antigen under an L-pyruvate kinase promoter (SV12 mice). Int J Exp Pathol; 2005 Dec;86(6):397-413
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  • We describe the development of a carcinoma originating from thymic hyperplasia and followed by the formation of a benign tumour composed chiefly of medullary epithelial cells expressing the transgene and of lymphocytes, a pathology very rarely reported in mice.
  • [MeSH-major] Antigens, Polyomavirus Transforming / genetics. Antigens, Viral, Tumor / genetics. Neovascularization, Pathologic. Promoter Regions, Genetic. Pyruvate Kinase / genetics. Thymus Neoplasms / pathology
  • [MeSH-minor] Animals. Biomarkers, Tumor / analysis. Cell Transformation, Neoplastic. Female. Immunohistochemistry / methods. Male. Mice. Mice, Inbred CBA. Mice, Transgenic. Microscopy, Immunoelectron. Thymus Gland / pathology

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  • (PMID = 16309545.001).
  • [ISSN] 0959-9673
  • [Journal-full-title] International journal of experimental pathology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Int J Exp Pathol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Antigens, Polyomavirus Transforming; 0 / Antigens, Viral, Tumor; 0 / Biomarkers, Tumor; EC 2.7.1.40 / Pyruvate Kinase
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC2517450
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78. Landers KA, Samaratunga H, Teng L, Buck M, Burger MJ, Scells B, Lavin MF, Gardiner RA: Identification of claudin-4 as a marker highly overexpressed in both primary and metastatic prostate cancer. Br J Cancer; 2008 Aug 5;99(3):491-501
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  • Claudin-4, coding for an integral membrane cell-junction protein, was the most significantly (P<0.00001) upregulated marker in both primary and metastatic tumour specimens compared with benign prostatic hyperplasia at both RNA and protein levels.
  • [MeSH-major] Biomarkers, Tumor / metabolism. Membrane Proteins / metabolism. Prostatic Neoplasms / pathology. Prostatic Neoplasms / secondary
  • [MeSH-minor] Base Sequence. Blotting, Western. Cell Line, Tumor. Claudin-4. DNA Primers. Humans. Immunohistochemistry. Male. Oligonucleotide Array Sequence Analysis. Reverse Transcriptase Polymerase Chain Reaction

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  • (PMID = 18648369.001).
  • [ISSN] 1532-1827
  • [Journal-full-title] British journal of cancer
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Br. J. Cancer
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Comparative Study; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Biomarkers, Tumor; 0 / CLDN4 protein, human; 0 / Claudin-4; 0 / DNA Primers; 0 / Membrane Proteins
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC2527792
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79. Ribeiro-Silva A, Mendes CF, Costa IS, de Moura HB, Tiezzi DG, Andrade JM: Metastases to the breast from extramammary malignancies: a clinicopathologic study of 12 cases. Pol J Pathol; 2006;57(3):161-5
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  • [Title] Metastases to the breast from extramammary malignancies: a clinicopathologic study of 12 cases.
  • Along with a brief review of the literature, we report the clinicopathologic features of 12 cases of extramammary malignancies metastatic to the breast.
  • Histological diagnoses of the primary tumor were as follows: non-Hodgkin diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (3 patients), acute mycloid leukemia (3 patients), serous papillary adenocarcinoma, well-differentiated adenocarcinoma, squamous cell carcinoma, undifferentiated neoplasm, mesothelioma, and melanoma.
  • The interval between diagnosis of primary cancer and the appearance of breast metastasis ranged from 0 to 108 months (mean: 17, median: 1).
  • Survival after the detection of the breast metastases ranged from 0.2 to 144 months (mean: 23, median: 9.5).
  • In conclusion, metastasis can mimic either benign disease or primary malignancy and is often an unexpected diagnosis in a patient presenting with a breast mass.
  • Thus, an accurate diagnosis is important to avoid unnecessary mutilating surgery.
  • [MeSH-major] Breast Neoplasms / secondary. Neoplasm Metastasis
  • [MeSH-minor] Adolescent. Adult. Aged. Breast Neoplasms, Male / radiography. Breast Neoplasms, Male / secondary. Child. Female. Humans. Male. Mammography. Middle Aged. Prognosis. Survival Analysis

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  • (PMID = 17219743.001).
  • [ISSN] 1233-9687
  • [Journal-full-title] Polish journal of pathology : official journal of the Polish Society of Pathologists
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Pol J Pathol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Poland
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80. Kondi-Pafitis A, Kairi-Vassilatou E, Grapsa D, Kalkounou I, Vassilikostas G, Psichogios I: A large benign vascular neoplasm of the male breast. A case report and review of the literature. Eur J Gynaecol Oncol; 2005;26(4):454-6
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  • [Title] A large benign vascular neoplasm of the male breast. A case report and review of the literature.
  • Breast hemangiomas are extremely rare neoplasms in the male population.
  • We report a case of a 77-year old man with a breast hemangioma which was detected in physical examination as a small nodule ten years after a chest injury.
  • The final histological diagnosis was hemangioma of the breast, 6 cm in the largest diameter.
  • To our knowledge, this is the largest benign vascular breast neoplasm in a male patient reported up to date.
  • The rarity of the lesion and its differential diagnosis from angiosarcoma are discussed while the problems encountered in the correct diagnosis and classification of this tumor are also presented.
  • The need for extreme caution in the interpretation of the histological characteristics of all palpable vascular tumors of the breast is emphasized.
  • [MeSH-major] Breast Neoplasms, Male / diagnosis. Hemangioma / diagnosis
  • [MeSH-minor] Aged. Humans. Male. Mastectomy, Segmental

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  • [CommentIn] Eur J Gynaecol Oncol. 2005;26(6):667; author reply 667-8 [16398236.001]
  • (PMID = 16122203.001).
  • [ISSN] 0392-2936
  • [Journal-full-title] European journal of gynaecological oncology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Eur. J. Gynaecol. Oncol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] Italy
  • [Number-of-references] 10
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81. Tamiolakis D, Tsamis I, Thomaidis V, Lambropoulou M, Alexiadis G, Venizelos I, Jivanakis T, Papadopoulos N: Oral complaints caused from metastases to the mandible and maxilla. Chirurgia (Bucur); 2007 Jul-Aug;102(4):439-42
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  • Most of these conditions are of a chronic and benign nature.
  • The most common malignant bone tumor is metastatic carcinoma, and tumors arising in the breast, prostate, thyroid, lung and kidney have a special propensity to spread to bone.
  • Patients presented with oral discomforts disregarding the primary tumor.
  • Physicians who frequently advise patients with oral complaints should keep in mind that whereas these symptoms are mostly of a chronic and benign nature, metastases from a malignant tumor must be included in the differential diagnosis.
  • [MeSH-minor] Aged. Diagnosis, Differential. Esophageal Neoplasms / pathology. Female. Humans. Liver Neoplasms / pathology. Male. Medical Records. Middle Aged. Retrospective Studies. Survival Rate. Thyroid Neoplasms / pathology. Treatment Outcome

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  • (PMID = 17966942.001).
  • [ISSN] 1221-9118
  • [Journal-full-title] Chirurgia (Bucharest, Romania : 1990)
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Chirurgia (Bucur)
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Romania
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82. Ferbeyre-Binelfa L, Ramírez-Bollas J, Bautista-Piña V, Espejo-Fonseca R, Ruvalcaba-Limón E, Serratos-Garduño E: [Fibromatosis of the breast. Report of two cases and review of the literature]. Cir Cir; 2009 Jul-Aug;77(4):313-8; 291-6
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  • [Title] [Fibromatosis of the breast. Report of two cases and review of the literature].
  • BACKGROUND: Fibromatosis is a term used to describe a group of lesions characterized by well-differentiated fibroblast proliferation with an usually benign biological behavior but with an infiltrative pattern of growth, frequently recurrent and locally invasive.
  • The presence of this entity in breast tissue is an uncommon clinical situation, comprising approximately 0.2% of breast tumors and very often misdiagnosed as malignant disease or phyllodes tumor.
  • In this rare condition, immunohistochemistry is an important diagnostic tool in anatomopathological differential diagnosis with other spindle cell tumors of the breast.
  • CLINICAL CASES: We present two cases of breast fibromatosis confirmed immunohistochemically and also by biopsy.
  • One case had the clinical and imaging appearance of breast carcinoma with the classic irregular mass presentation and the other case was misdiagnosed as phyllodes tumor because of the size and density of the tumor and the cytology.
  • CONCLUSIONS: Approximately 83 cases of breast fibromatosis have been reported during the last 30 years, including one male patient.
  • We reviewed clinicopathological features of two cases of fibromatosis of the breast treated at our institute.
  • [MeSH-major] Breast Neoplasms / diagnosis. Fibroma / diagnosis

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  • (PMID = 19919794.001).
  • [ISSN] 0009-7411
  • [Journal-full-title] Cirugía y cirujanos
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Cir Cir
  • [Language] eng; spa
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] Mexico
  • [Number-of-references] 44
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83. Creaney J, Segal A, Sterrett G, Platten MA, Baker E, Murch AR, Nowak AK, Robinson BW, Millward MJ: Overexpression and altered glycosylation of MUC1 in malignant mesothelioma. Br J Cancer; 2008 May 6;98(9):1562-9
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  • MUC1 mRNA expression was significantly higher in mesothelioma samples than in benign mesothelial cells.
  • CA15.3 (soluble MUC1) levels were significantly higher in the serum of mesothelioma patients than in healthy controls but were not significantly different to levels in patients with benign asbestos-related disease.
  • CA15-3 in effusions could differentiate malignant from benign effusions but were not specific for mesothelioma.
  • Thus, as in other cancers, alterations in MUC1 biology occur in mesothelioma and these results suggest that specific MUC1 characteristics may be useful for mesothelioma diagnosis and should also be investigated as a potential therapeutic target.
  • [MeSH-major] Biomarkers, Tumor / metabolism. Mesothelioma / diagnosis. Mesothelioma / metabolism. Mucin-1 / metabolism. Pleural Effusion, Malignant / diagnosis. Pleural Effusion, Malignant / metabolism
  • [MeSH-minor] Aged. Aged, 80 and over. Alternative Splicing. Female. Gene Expression Regulation, Neoplastic. Glycosylation. Humans. Immunohistochemistry. In Situ Hybridization, Fluorescence. Male. Middle Aged. Polymerase Chain Reaction. RNA, Messenger / metabolism. Sensitivity and Specificity. Up-Regulation

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  • (PMID = 18454162.001).
  • [ISSN] 1532-1827
  • [Journal-full-title] British journal of cancer
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Br. J. Cancer
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Biomarkers, Tumor; 0 / MUC1 protein, human; 0 / Mucin-1; 0 / RNA, Messenger
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC2391110
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84. Vourtsi A, Zervoudis S, Pafiti A, Athanasiadis S: Male breast hemangioma--a rare entity: a case report and review of the literature. Breast J; 2006 May-Jun;12(3):260-2
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  • [Title] Male breast hemangioma--a rare entity: a case report and review of the literature.
  • We report the case of a 77-year-old man with a very rare breast tumor: hemangioma.
  • The histology confirmed the diagnosis of benign hemangioma.
  • There is very little literature on this type of tumor in men.
  • Generally hemangiomas are large and ultrasound and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) are useful for the diagnosis.
  • The important differential diagnosis with angiosarcoma is based on specific histologic patterns.
  • [MeSH-major] Breast Neoplasms, Male / diagnosis. Hemangioma / diagnosis
  • [MeSH-minor] Aged. Humans. Male. Mastectomy, Segmental


85. Huss WJ, Gray DR, Greenberg NM, Mohler JL, Smith GJ: Breast cancer resistance protein-mediated efflux of androgen in putative benign and malignant prostate stem cells. Cancer Res; 2005 Aug 01;65(15):6640-50
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  • [Title] Breast cancer resistance protein-mediated efflux of androgen in putative benign and malignant prostate stem cells.
  • Putative prostate stem cells and prostate tumor stem cells in benign and malignant human prostate tissue, in primary human prostate xenografts, and in the transgenic adenocarcinoma of the mouse prostate (TRAMP) mouse model of prostate cancer, are defined by expression of breast cancer resistance protein (BCRP), a marker of pluripotent hematopoietic, muscle, and neural stem cells, and by an absence of androgen receptor (AR) protein.
  • In both benign and malignant human prostate tissue, the rare epithelial cells that express BCRP and lack AR protein are localized in the basal cell compartment, survive androgen deprivation, and maintain proliferative potential in the hypoxic, androgen-deprived prostate.
  • Putative prostate tumor stem cells that express BCRP but not AR protein in TRAMP are the source of a BCRP-negative and AR-negative, Foxa2- and SV40Tag-expressing, transit amplifying compartment that progresses to the poorly differentiated carcinomas that arise rapidly after castration.
  • Therefore, BCRP expression isolates prostate stem/tumor stem cells from the prostate tissue microenvironment through constitutive efflux of androgen, protecting the putative tumor stem cells from androgen deprivation, hypoxia, or adjuvant chemotherapy, and providing the nidus for recurrent prostate cancer.
  • [MeSH-major] ATP-Binding Cassette Transporters / biosynthesis. Androgens / metabolism. Neoplasm Proteins / biosynthesis. Neoplastic Stem Cells / metabolism. Prostatic Neoplasms / metabolism
  • [MeSH-minor] ATP Binding Cassette Transporter, Sub-Family G, Member 2. Animals. Cell Line. Cell Nucleus / metabolism. Humans. Indoles / pharmacology. Male. Mice. Mice, Inbred C57BL. Mice, Transgenic. Novobiocin / pharmacology. Prostate / metabolism. Protein Processing, Post-Translational. RNA, Messenger / biosynthesis. RNA, Messenger / genetics. Rats. Receptors, Androgen / biosynthesis. Receptors, Androgen / deficiency. Receptors, Androgen / genetics. Receptors, Androgen / metabolism. Transplantation, Heterologous

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  • (PMID = 16061644.001).
  • [ISSN] 0008-5472
  • [Journal-full-title] Cancer research
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Cancer Res.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Grant] United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / CA84296; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / P01 CA077739; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / CA77739; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / CA64851; United States / NIEHS NIH HHS / ES / ES07017; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / CA64865
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / ABCG2 protein, human; 0 / ATP Binding Cassette Transporter, Sub-Family G, Member 2; 0 / ATP-Binding Cassette Transporters; 0 / Androgens; 0 / Indoles; 0 / Neoplasm Proteins; 0 / RNA, Messenger; 0 / Receptors, Androgen; 17EC19951N / Novobiocin; CW5S8OP3VO / tryptoquivaline
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86. Jung EM, Clevert DA, Schreyer AG, Schmitt S, Rennert J, Kubale R, Feuerbach S, Jung F: Evaluation of quantitative contrast harmonic imaging to assess malignancy of liver tumors: a prospective controlled two-center study. World J Gastroenterol; 2007 Dec 21;13(47):6356-64
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  • METHODS: One hundred patients with histologically confirmed malignant or benign hepatic tumor (maximum size 5 cm) were analyzed.
  • The cut-off of the gray value differences between tumor and normal liver tissue was established using Receiver Operating Characteristic (ROC) analysis 64-line multi-slice computed tomography served as reference method in all cases.
  • RESULTS: One hundred patients with 59 malignant (43 colon, 5 breast, 2 endocrine metastases, 7 hepatocellular carcinomas and 2 kidney cancers) and 41 benign (15 hemangiomas, 7 focal nodular hyperplasias, 5 complicated cysts, 2 abscesses and 12 circumscribed fatty changes) tumors were included.
  • The late venous phase proved to be the most sensitive for classification of the tumor type.
  • Of the 41 benign tumors, 37 were classified as true negative and 4 as false negative, which corresponds to a specificity of 90.2%.
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Aged. Aged, 80 and over. Feasibility Studies. Female. Germany. Humans. Image Interpretation, Computer-Assisted. Magnetic Resonance Angiography. Male. Middle Aged. Observer Variation. Predictive Value of Tests. Prospective Studies. ROC Curve. Reproducibility of Results. Sensitivity and Specificity. Time Factors. Tomography, X-Ray Computed

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  • (PMID = 18081224.001).
  • [ISSN] 1007-9327
  • [Journal-full-title] World journal of gastroenterology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] World J. Gastroenterol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Controlled Clinical Trial; Evaluation Studies; Journal Article; Multicenter Study
  • [Publication-country] China
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Contrast Media; 0 / Phospholipids; 0 / contrast agent BR1; WS7LR3I1D6 / Sulfur Hexafluoride
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC4205454
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87. Nese N, Kandiloglu AR, Simsek G, Lekili M, Ozdamar A, Catalkaya A, Coskun T: Comparison of the desmoplastic reaction and invading ability in invasive ductal carcinoma of the breast and prostatic adenocarcinoma based on the expression of heat shock protein 47 and fascin. Anal Quant Cytol Histol; 2010 Apr;32(2):90-101
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  • [Title] Comparison of the desmoplastic reaction and invading ability in invasive ductal carcinoma of the breast and prostatic adenocarcinoma based on the expression of heat shock protein 47 and fascin.
  • RESULTS: HSP47 and fascin were localized to cytoplasm, and HSP47 and fascin IR were higher in IDC and PCa than benign groups (p < 0.05).
  • Fascin expression correlated with estrogen receptor and progesterone receptor negativity, tumor size and stage in IDC and surgical margin status in PCa.
  • Although there is no relationship with recurrence or metastatic status, fascin overexpression correlated with tumor size, which may prompt its use as a prognostic factor in IDC.


88. Li BJ, Huang XP, Wei WD, Wang JY, Su XD, Zhang X, Hong WS, Tang J, Zhang LJ, Long H, Yang MT, Rong TH: [Expression and clinical significance of cytokeratin 19 in bone marrow of patients with breast cancer]. Ai Zheng; 2005 Jun;24(6):735-9
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  • [Title] [Expression and clinical significance of cytokeratin 19 in bone marrow of patients with breast cancer].
  • BACKGROUND & OBJECTIVE: Breast cancer may undergo metastasis in early phase.
  • Distant metastasis, especially bone metastasis, may influence prognosis of breast cancer patients.
  • This study was designed to evaluate expression and clinical significance of cytokeratin 19 (CK19) in bone marrow of patients with breast cancer.
  • METHODS: Expression of CK19 mRNA in bone marrows of 65 breast cancer patients, 15 benign breast disease patients, and 8 healthy volunteers was detected by reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR).
  • Correlation of CK19 mRNA expression to clinicopathologic features of the 65 breast cancer patients was analyzed.
  • RESULTS: Positive rate of CK19 mRNA was 33.8% in the 65 breast cancer patients, and 0 in both benign breast disease patients and healthy volunteers.
  • Expression of CK19 mRNA was positively correlated with tumor size and clinical stage (P < 0.05), but was not related to age and lymph node status (P > 0.05).
  • CONCLUSIONS: CK19 mRNA may be used as a molecular marker to detect bone marrow micrometastasis in patients with breast cancer.
  • The detection may help to select proper therapy and predict prognosis of breast cancer patients.
  • [MeSH-major] Bone Marrow / metabolism. Breast Neoplasms / metabolism. Carcinoma, Ductal, Breast / metabolism. Keratin-19 / biosynthesis
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Aged. Breast Neoplasms, Male / metabolism. Breast Neoplasms, Male / pathology. Carcinoembryonic Antigen / blood. Female. Fibroadenoma / blood. Fibroadenoma / metabolism. Fibroadenoma / pathology. Humans. Lymphatic Metastasis. Male. Middle Aged. Neoplasm Staging. RNA, Messenger / biosynthesis. RNA, Messenger / genetics

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  • (PMID = 15946491.001).
  • [Journal-full-title] Ai zheng = Aizheng = Chinese journal of cancer
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Ai Zheng
  • [Language] chi
  • [Publication-type] English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] China
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Carcinoembryonic Antigen; 0 / Keratin-19; 0 / RNA, Messenger
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89. Shukla R, Pooja B, Radhika S, Nijhawan R, Rajwanshi A: Fine-needle aspiration cytology of extramammary neoplasms metastatic to the breast. Diagn Cytopathol; 2005 Apr;32(4):193-7
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  • [Title] Fine-needle aspiration cytology of extramammary neoplasms metastatic to the breast.
  • Fine-needle aspiration (FNA) biopsy is the first-line investigation in any breast lump and hence cytomorphological recognition of nonmammary metastatic tumors to the breast and their distinction from primary tumors is important.
  • Metastatic breast neoplasms diagnosed over a 6-yr period from 1997 to 2002 were retrieved from the database of the Department of Cytopathology and the clinical, cytopathological, histochemical, and immunohistochemical findings were correlated with the histopathology of the primary tumor.
  • Fifteen cases of metastatic breast neoplasms were encountered constituting 1.47% of all malignant tumors of the breast diagnosed on FNA.
  • There were 14 female patients and one male patient aged 13-80 yr.
  • The preaspiration clinical diagnosis was either a benign breast lump or a malignancy (primary vs. metastatic).
  • The breast lump was the initial presentation in four cases and the cytodiagnosis of a metastatic malignancy lead to the subsequent detection of the primary malignancy.
  • The presence of unusual cytomorphological patterns on breast FNA should alert the cytopathologist to the possibility of a metastatic breast neoplasm, even if not suspected clinically.
  • A detailed history of the patient, clinical correlation, and immunocytochemistry helps in establishing an accurate diagnosis, which avoids unnecessary surgery and ensures appropriate treatment.
  • [MeSH-major] Breast / pathology. Breast Neoplasms, Male / pathology. Breast Neoplasms, Male / secondary
  • [MeSH-minor] Adolescent. Adult. Biopsy, Fine-Needle. Child. Female. Humans. Male. Middle Aged. Neoplasm Metastasis / pathology. Predictive Value of Tests

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  • [Copyright] Copyright 2005 Wiley-Liss, Inc.
  • (PMID = 15754368.001).
  • [ISSN] 8755-1039
  • [Journal-full-title] Diagnostic cytopathology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Diagn. Cytopathol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Comparative Study; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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90. Kupka S, Haack B, Zdichavsky M, Mlinar T, Kienzle C, Bock T, Kandolf R, Kroeber SM, Königsrainer A: Large proportion of low frequency microsatellite-instability and loss of heterozygosity in pheochromocytoma and endocrine tumors detected with an extended marker panel. J Cancer Res Clin Oncol; 2008 Apr;134(4):463-71
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  • PURPOSE: Pheochromocytoma (PCC) is a usually benign tumor originated in the majority of patients from the adrenal medulla.
  • Among the 23 patients with endocrine tumors, only three (one pancreatic endocrine tumor, one duodenal neuro-endocrine tumor, one hepatic metastasis of a primary tumor with unknown origin) demonstrated MSI.
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Aged. Colorectal Neoplasms / genetics. Female. Humans. Male. Middle Aged

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  • (PMID = 17828419.001).
  • [ISSN] 0171-5216
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of cancer research and clinical oncology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Cancer Res. Clin. Oncol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Germany
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91. Xu F, Liu B, Chen XY, Zhou EX, Fan DF, Ma Y, Tang ZH: [Diagnosis and therapy of childhood thyroid carcinoma: clinical analysis of 12 cases]. Zhongguo Dang Dai Er Ke Za Zhi; 2009 Feb;11(2):120-3
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  • [Title] [Diagnosis and therapy of childhood thyroid carcinoma: clinical analysis of 12 cases].
  • OBJECTIVE: To explore the clinical characteristics, diagnosis and therapy of thyroid carcinoma in children.
  • RESULTS: A hard thyroid mass was observed in 10 out of 12 children with thyroid carcinoma, but only one out of 15 children with benign thyroid tumor (<0.05).
  • The rate of cervical lymph node metastasis in children with thyroid carcinoma was significantly higher than that in children with benign thyroid tumor (<0.05).
  • A combination of ultrasonography and CT is helpful to the diagnosis of childhood thyroid carcinoma.
  • [MeSH-major] Thyroid Neoplasms / diagnosis. Thyroid Neoplasms / surgery
  • [MeSH-minor] Adolescent. Child. Female. Follow-Up Studies. Humans. Iodine Radioisotopes / therapeutic use. Male. Postoperative Complications / etiology. Tomography, X-Ray Computed

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  • (PMID = 19222949.001).
  • [ISSN] 1008-8830
  • [Journal-full-title] Zhongguo dang dai er ke za zhi = Chinese journal of contemporary pediatrics
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Zhongguo Dang Dai Er Ke Za Zhi
  • [Language] chi
  • [Publication-type] English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] China
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Iodine Radioisotopes
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92. Xing Y, Zhao JH, Wang TS, Qiao WL, Che WJ: [The role of 18F-FDG SPECT-CT in detecting recurrence and metastases in breast cancer patients with elevated tumor markers]. Zhonghua Zhong Liu Za Zhi; 2009 Feb;31(2):129-33
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  • [Title] [The role of 18F-FDG SPECT-CT in detecting recurrence and metastases in breast cancer patients with elevated tumor markers].
  • OBJECTIVE: To compare retrospectively the role of (18)F-FDG SPECT-CT and conventional imaging in the detection of recurrence and metastases in postoperative breast cancer patients with elevated level of tumor markers, and to evaluate the impact of (18)F-FDG SPECT-CT on the management of breast cancer patients.
  • METHODS: (18)F-FDG SPECT-CT was performed in 35 breast cancer patients with suspected recurrence based on elevated level of serum tumor markers.
  • The final diagnosis of recurrent breast cancer was confirmed by either pathology or observation by imaging during the follow-up for more than 1 year.
  • RESULTS: Among the 35 patients, the final diagnosis of recurrence or metastasis was established in 19 patients.
  • Of the 114 sites of increased FDG uptake, 93 were interpreted as malignant and 21 as benign.
  • CONCLUSION: In postoperative breast cancer patients with elevated level of tumor markers during the follow-up, (18)F-FDG SPECT-CT is more sensitive for detecting recurrence and metastases than conventional imaging.
  • [MeSH-major] Breast Neoplasms / pathology. Fluorodeoxyglucose F18. Lung Neoplasms / diagnosis. Neoplasm Recurrence, Local / diagnosis. Tomography, Emission-Computed, Single-Photon / methods
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Aged. Biomarkers, Tumor / blood. Breast Neoplasms, Male / blood. Breast Neoplasms, Male / pathology. Female. Follow-Up Studies. Humans. Lymphatic Metastasis. Male. Middle Aged. Radiopharmaceuticals. Retrospective Studies. Whole Body Imaging

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  • (PMID = 19538891.001).
  • [ISSN] 0253-3766
  • [Journal-full-title] Zhonghua zhong liu za zhi [Chinese journal of oncology]
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Zhonghua Zhong Liu Za Zhi
  • [Language] chi
  • [Publication-type] English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] China
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Biomarkers, Tumor; 0 / Radiopharmaceuticals; 0Z5B2CJX4D / Fluorodeoxyglucose F18
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93. Escaff S, Fernández JM, González LO, Suárez A, González-Reyes S, González JM, Vizoso FJ: Study of matrix metalloproteinases and their inhibitors in prostate cancer. Br J Cancer; 2010 Mar 2;102(5):922-9
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  • More than 2600 determinations on cancer specimens from 133 patients with clinically localised prostate carcinoma, 20 patients with prostatic intraepithelial neoplasia and 50 patients with benign prostate hyperplasia and controls, were performed.
  • RESULTS: When compared with benign pathologies, prostate carcinomas had higher expression of all MMPs and TIMPs.
  • [MeSH-major] Adenocarcinoma / metabolism. Matrix Metalloproteinases / metabolism. Prostatic Hyperplasia / metabolism. Prostatic Intraepithelial Neoplasia / metabolism. Prostatic Neoplasms / metabolism. Tissue Inhibitor of Metalloproteinases / metabolism
  • [MeSH-minor] Aged. Biomarkers, Tumor / metabolism. Follow-Up Studies. Humans. Immunoenzyme Techniques. Male. Middle Aged. Neoplasm Recurrence, Local / metabolism. Neoplasm Recurrence, Local / pathology. Prognosis. Survival Rate. Tissue Array Analysis