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1. Langevin CJ, Hanasono MM, Riina HA, Stieg PE, Spinelli HM: Lateral transzygomatic approach to sphenoid wing meningiomas. Neurosurgery; 2010 Dec;67(2 Suppl Operative):377-84
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  • BACKGROUND: Sphenoid wing meningiomas are slow-growing, well-circumscribed, and histologically benign lesions.
  • To achieve maximal exposure and minimal brain retraction, a lateral transzygomatic approach with osteotomies of the entire zygoma, which remains pedicled on the masseter muscle, was used.
  • CONCLUSION: The lateral transzygomatic approach to the sphenoid wing can be performed safely with minimal morbidity and facilitates complete resection of the tumor.
  • This approach belongs in the armamentarium of surgeons who are involved in the resection of skull base neoplasms.
  • [MeSH-major] Craniotomy / methods. Meningeal Neoplasms / surgery. Meningioma / surgery. Neurosurgical Procedures / methods. Skull / surgery. Zygoma / surgery
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Aged. Dissection / methods. Female. Humans. Male. Middle Aged. Prognosis. Treatment Outcome

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  • (PMID = 21099561.001).
  • [ISSN] 1524-4040
  • [Journal-full-title] Neurosurgery
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Neurosurgery
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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2. Pastel DA, Mamourian AC, Duhaime AC: Internal structure in pineal cysts on high-resolution magnetic resonance imaging: not a sign of malignancy. J Neurosurg Pediatr; 2009 Jul;4(1):81-4
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  • OBJECT: In this paper, the authors' goal was to determine whether benign pineal cysts have smooth walls or internal structure on high-resolution MR imaging and to evaluate their imaging characteristics on FLAIR images.
  • CONCLUSIONS: Although the presence of a thin wall supports the diagnosis of a benign pineal cyst, fine internal septations or small internal cysts are common on high-resolution MR imaging and this finding should not be considered evidence of an underlying tumor.
  • [MeSH-major] Brain Neoplasms / pathology. Cysts / pathology. Magnetic Resonance Imaging. Pineal Gland / pathology. Pinealoma / pathology
  • [MeSH-minor] Adolescent. Adult. Child. Child, Preschool. Diagnosis, Differential. Female. Follow-Up Studies. Humans. Image Processing, Computer-Assisted. Male. Middle Aged. Retrospective Studies. Young Adult


3. Utermark T, Kaempchen K, Antoniadis G, Hanemann CO: Reduced apoptosis rates in human schwannomas. Brain Pathol; 2005 Jan;15(1):17-22
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  • Schwannomas, tumors originating from Schwann cells, represent a frequent neurological tumor and can occur both in a genetic disorder called neurofibromatosis type 2 (NF2) and sporadically.
  • In both cases the genetic background is identical as all schwannomas are caused by biallelic mutations in the tumor suppressor gene NF2 coding for merlin.
  • Here, we report in vivo and in vitro evidence that the basal apoptosis rate of primary human schwannoma cells is reduced in comparison to that of normal Schwann cells, supporting the idea that in this benign tumor type, apoptosis has a role in tumorigenesis.
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Cell Survival / physiology. Cells, Cultured. Humans. Immunohistochemistry. In Situ Nick-End Labeling. Middle Aged

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  • (PMID = 15779232.001).
  • [ISSN] 1015-6305
  • [Journal-full-title] Brain pathology (Zurich, Switzerland)
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Brain Pathol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Comparative Study; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] Switzerland
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4. Temprano T, Fernández-de León R, Rial JC, Fernández JM, Mateos V: [Cystic bulbar hemangioblastoma]. Rev Neurol; 2008 Aug 1-15;47(3):134-6
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  • INTRODUCTION: Hemangioblastomas are neoplasm of vascular type having benign characteristics.
  • They represent between 2-3% of brain tumors and 7-12% of neoformative processes in the posterior fossa.
  • Brain tumor was diagnosed by neuroimage techniques.
  • [MeSH-major] Brain Stem Neoplasms / diagnosis. Hemangioblastoma / diagnosis
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Humans. Male

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  • (PMID = 18654967.001).
  • [ISSN] 1576-6578
  • [Journal-full-title] Revista de neurologia
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Rev Neurol
  • [Language] spa
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Spain
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5. Schmalisch K, Beschorner R, Psaras T, Honegger J: Postoperative intracranial seeding of craniopharyngiomas--report of three cases and review of the literature. Acta Neurochir (Wien); 2010 Feb;152(2):313-9; discussion 319
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  • Postoperative MRI showed no evidence of residual tumor.
  • Two years later, MRI revealed a local recurrence and in addition a separated cystic tumor on the right side adjacent to the middle cerebral artery consistent with seeding along the surgical route.
  • On histopathological examination, both, the local recurrent tumor and the distant deposit turned out to be adamantinomatous craniopharyngiomas.
  • This deposit in the operative pathway was found to be an adamantinomatous craniopharyngioma, as was the initial tumor.
  • The recent control MRT revealed a right parietal intracranial tumor with peripheral contrast enhancement, which was located distant to the former craniotomy.
  • The tumor was removed and histopathological examination revealed an adamantinomatous craniopharyngioma in accordance with the initial tumor.
  • CONCLUSION: Although craniopharyngiomas exhibit a benign histopathological pattern, cerebrospinal fluid seeding along the surgical route or along the CSF pathways has been observed.
  • Ectopic recurrence of craniopharyngioma suggests that meticulous protection of the whole surgical field and careful handling of the tumor during the operation are required.
  • [MeSH-major] Brain Neoplasms / secondary. Craniopharyngioma / secondary. Neoplasm Metastasis / pathology. Neoplasm Seeding. Pituitary Neoplasms / pathology
  • [MeSH-minor] Adolescent. Adult. Craniotomy. Female. Frontal Bone / pathology. Frontal Bone / surgery. Humans. Magnetic Resonance Imaging. Male. Neoplasm Recurrence, Local / pathology. Neoplasm Recurrence, Local / surgery. Parietal Bone / pathology. Parietal Bone / surgery. Reoperation. Treatment Outcome

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  • (PMID = 19859655.001).
  • [ISSN] 0942-0940
  • [Journal-full-title] Acta neurochirurgica
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Acta Neurochir (Wien)
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] Austria
  • [Number-of-references] 31
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6. Chen CL, Shen CC, Wang J, Lu CH, Lee HT: Central neurocytoma: a clinical, radiological and pathological study of nine cases. Clin Neurol Neurosurg; 2008 Feb;110(2):129-36
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  • PURPOSE: Central neurocytoma is a rare intraventricular brain tumor that affects young adults and presents with increased intracranial pressure secondary to obstructive hydrocephalus.
  • Most patients received craniotomy with removal of the tumor through transcallosal or transcortical approach.
  • CONCLUSION: Although central neurocytoma is generally a benign neoplasm, some variant forms of recurrence are also present.
  • Histologic features such as tumor proliferation (MIB-1 labeling index), vascular proliferation, and synaptophysin expression are often prominent in the recurrent tumor.
  • We recommend that these histologic features be considered for tumor recurrence during treatment and follow-up of these patients.

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  • (PMID = 18022760.001).
  • [ISSN] 0303-8467
  • [Journal-full-title] Clinical neurology and neurosurgery
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Clin Neurol Neurosurg
  • [Language] ENG
  • [Grant] United States / NINDS NIH HHS / NS / R01 NS039918-03; United States / NINDS NIH HHS / NS / R01 NS039918-02; United States / NINDS NIH HHS / NS / NS039918-02; United States / NINDS NIH HHS / NS / R01 NS039918-01; United States / NINDS NIH HHS / NS / NS039918-03; United States / NINDS NIH HHS / NS / NS039918-01
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Netherlands
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Antineoplastic Agents
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ NIHMS39918; NLM/ PMC2702989
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7. Tena-Suck ML, Moreno-Reyes I, Rembao D, Vega R, Moreno-Jiménez S, Castillejos-López Mde J, Fernández-Plata R, Martínez-Briseño D, Salinas-Lara C: [Clinical pathological study of craniopharyngioma. Fifteen years at the National Institute of Neurology and Neurosurgery "Manuel Velasco Suárez"]. Gac Med Mex; 2009 Sep-Oct;145(5):361-8
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  • BACKGROUND: Craniopharyngioma is a sellar region benign cyst It's frequency ranges from 1.2% to 4.6% of all brain tumors.
  • OBJECTIVE: To carry out a clinical pathological correlation of craniopharyngioma among adults and describe the tumor's biological characteristics.
  • Follow-up was longer among females than males and in suprasellar tumor location, papillary type, external epithelium cysts and laxo stellate reticulum.
  • [MeSH-major] Craniopharyngioma / pathology. Pituitary Neoplasms / pathology
  • [MeSH-minor] Adolescent. Adult. Aged. Aged, 80 and over. Female. Humans. Male. Middle Aged. Retrospective Studies. Young Adult

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  • (PMID = 20073441.001).
  • [ISSN] 0016-3813
  • [Journal-full-title] Gaceta médica de México
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Gac Med Mex
  • [Language] spa
  • [Publication-type] English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Mexico
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8. Floeth FW, Pauleit D, Sabel M, Reifenberger G, Stoffels G, Stummer W, Rommel F, Hamacher K, Langen KJ: 18F-FET PET differentiation of ring-enhancing brain lesions. J Nucl Med; 2006 May;47(5):776-82
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  • [Title] 18F-FET PET differentiation of ring-enhancing brain lesions.
  • In all patients, the main differential diagnosis after MRI was a malignant lesion, in particular glioblastoma multiforme, versus a benign lesion, in particular brain abscess.
  • A malignant tumor was suspected for lesions showing increased (18)F-FET uptake on PET images with a mean lesion-to-brain ratio of at least 1.6 ((18)F-FET PET positive).
  • A nonneoplastic lesion was suspected in cases of minimal or absent (18)F-FET uptake, with a mean lesion-to-brain ratio of less than 1.6 ((18)F-FET PET negative).
  • The findings of (18)F-FET PET were positive in all 5 glioma patients and in 3 of 9 patients with nonneoplastic lesions, including 2 patients with brain abscesses and 1 patient with a demyelinating lesion.
  • CONCLUSION: Although (18)F-FET PET has been shown to be valuable for the diagnostic evaluation of brain tumors, our data indicate that, like (18)F-FDG PET, (18)F-FET PET has limited specificity in distinguishing between neoplastic and nonneoplastic ring-enhancing intracerebral lesions.
  • [MeSH-major] Brain Neoplasms / diagnosis. Brain Neoplasms / radionuclide imaging. Fluorodeoxyglucose F18 / pharmacology. Positron-Emission Tomography / methods
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Aged. Biopsy. Female. Glioma / radionuclide imaging. Humans. Magnetic Resonance Imaging / methods. Male. Middle Aged. Radiopharmaceuticals / pharmacology. Sensitivity and Specificity

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  • (PMID = 16644747.001).
  • [ISSN] 0161-5505
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of nuclear medicine : official publication, Society of Nuclear Medicine
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Nucl. Med.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Radiopharmaceuticals; 0Z5B2CJX4D / Fluorodeoxyglucose F18
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9. Wang FL, Li XH, Gui QP, Liu L: [Clinicopathologic and radiologic features of dysembryoplastic neuroepithelial tumors]. Zhonghua Bing Li Xue Za Zhi; 2005 Sep;34(9):566-8
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  • OBJECTIVE: To study the clinicopathologic features and radiologic findings of dysembryoplastic neuroepithelial tumor (DNT).
  • CONCLUSIONS: DNT is a benign tumor with excellent prognosis after surgical excision.
  • [MeSH-major] Brain Neoplasms / pathology. Cerebral Cortex / pathology. Neuroectodermal Tumors, Primitive / pathology
  • [MeSH-minor] Adolescent. Adult. Child. Child, Preschool. Epilepsies, Partial / etiology. Epilepsies, Partial / metabolism. Epilepsies, Partial / pathology. Epilepsies, Partial / surgery. Female. Follow-Up Studies. Humans. Magnetic Resonance Imaging. Male. Middle Aged. Neurofilament Proteins / metabolism. Oligodendroglia / pathology. Oligodendroglia / ultrastructure. S100 Proteins / metabolism. Survival Rate. Synaptophysin / metabolism

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  • (PMID = 16468306.001).
  • [ISSN] 0529-5807
  • [Journal-full-title] Zhonghua bing li xue za zhi = Chinese journal of pathology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Zhonghua Bing Li Xue Za Zhi
  • [Language] chi
  • [Publication-type] English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] China
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Neurofilament Proteins; 0 / S100 Proteins; 0 / Synaptophysin
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10. Jolapara M, Kesavadas C, Radhakrishnan VV, Thomas B, Gupta AK, Bodhey N, Patro S, Saini J, George U, Sarma PS: Role of diffusion tensor imaging in differentiating subtypes of meningiomas. J Neuroradiol; 2010 Dec;37(5):277-83
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  • PURPOSE: Meningiomas are the most common extraaxial intracranial type of tumor, and their management and prognosis depend on their grade and histology.
  • Diffusion-weighted imaging (DWI) and diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) are two new imaging techniques that have proved helpful in elucidating the microarchitecture of brain tumors.
  • METHODS AND MATERIALS: A total of 21 consecutive patients with meningioma were included in this retrospective study, of whom 16 had benign meningiomas (three fibroblastic, 11 transitional/mixed, two meningothelial) and five had atypical meningiomas.
  • Tumor mean diffusivity (Dav), fractional anisotropy (FA), linear anisotropy (CL), planar anisotropy (CP), spherical anisotropy (CS) and eigenvalues (e1, e2, e3) were measured in all cases, and differences in diffusion tensor metrics between atypical, fibroblastic and other benign (transitional, meningothelial) meningiomas were statistically analyzed using the Mann-Whitney test.
  • RESULTS: No statistically significant differences were found among the mean Dav values for atypical, fibroblastic and other benign meningiomas.
  • Atypical meningiomas showed higher CL values compared with fibroblastic and other benign meningiomas but, again, the difference was not statistically significant.
  • CONCLUSION: These results suggest that diffusion tensor metrics may be helpful in the differentiation of atypical, fibroblastic and other benign meningiomas.
  • [MeSH-major] Diffusion Tensor Imaging. Meningeal Neoplasms / pathology. Meningioma / pathology
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Aged. Anisotropy. Female. Humans. Image Processing, Computer-Assisted. Male. Middle Aged. Retrospective Studies. Statistics, Nonparametric

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  • [Copyright] Copyright © 2010 Elsevier Masson SAS. All rights reserved.
  • (PMID = 20381865.001).
  • [ISSN] 0150-9861
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of neuroradiology. Journal de neuroradiologie
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Neuroradiol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] France
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11. Delgado-López PD, Martín-Velasco V, Castilla-Díez JM, Fernández-Arconada O, Corrales-García EM, Galacho-Harnero A, Rodríguez-Salazar A, Pérez-Mies B: Metastatic meningioma to the eleventh dorsal vertebral body: total en bloc spondylectomy. Case report and review of the literature. Neurocirugia (Astur); 2006 Jun;17(3):240-9
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  • CASE REPORT: In March 1996, a 37 year-old male underwent surgical resection for a left occipital intraventricular benign meningioma (WHO I).
  • Workup studies failed to reveal any primary tumor.
  • Definite pathology: benign meningioma (WHO I).
  • DISCUSSION: Distant metastases from intracranial meningiomas are rare entities, arising from benign lesions in, at least, 60% of cases.
  • Enam et al proposed a specific pathological score to differentiate benign, atypic and malignant meningiomas.
  • Such score correlates with the chance of metastatizing: more than 40% in malignant meningiomas compared to 3.8% of brain tumors overall.
  • Hematogenous (especially venous; Batson's perivertebral plexus), linfatic and cerebrospinal fluid are the main routes involved in the spreading of the tumor.
  • [MeSH-major] Meningioma / pathology. Orthopedic Procedures / methods. Spinal Neoplasms / secondary. Spinal Neoplasms / surgery. Thoracic Vertebrae
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Aged. Female. Humans. Male. Middle Aged. Neoplasm Recurrence, Local. Review Literature as Topic

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  • (PMID = 16855782.001).
  • [ISSN] 1130-1473
  • [Journal-full-title] Neurocirugía (Asturias, Spain)
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Neurocirugia (Astur)
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Spain
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12. Wang F, Wang Z, Yao W, Xie H, Xu J, Tian L: Role of 99mTc-octreotide acetate scintigraphy in suspected lung cancer compared with 18F-FDG dual-head coincidence imaging. J Nucl Med; 2007 Sep;48(9):1442-8
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  • METHODS: Forty-four consecutive patients with suspected pulmonary neoplasms underwent tomographic (99m)Tc-octreotide scintigraphy and (18)F-FDG coincidence imaging using the same gantry.
  • The tumor-to-normal tissue tracer values for both (99m)Tc-octreotide and (18)F-FDG were determined using region of interests and expressed as T/N(r) and T/N(m), respectively.
  • Thirteen of the 44 patients had benign lung lesions.
  • Thirteen patients with 39 distant sites of abnormal uptake visualized (imaging stage IV) with (99m)Tc-octreotide included 2 patients with brain metastases, 6 patients with pleural invasion and multiple bone metastasis, 2 patients with contralateral internal lung metastasis and pleural invasion, and 3 patients with only multiple bone metastasis.
  • [MeSH-major] Fluorodeoxyglucose F18. Lung Neoplasms / radionuclide imaging. Octreotide / analogs & derivatives. Organotechnetium Compounds. Radiopharmaceuticals
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Aged. Aged, 80 and over. Female. Humans. Male. Middle Aged. Neoplasm Metastasis

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  • (PMID = 17704242.001).
  • [ISSN] 0161-5505
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of nuclear medicine : official publication, Society of Nuclear Medicine
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Nucl. Med.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Comparative Study; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / 99mTc-octreotide; 0 / Organotechnetium Compounds; 0 / Radiopharmaceuticals; 0Z5B2CJX4D / Fluorodeoxyglucose F18; RWM8CCW8GP / Octreotide
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13. Abe T, Inoue R, Isono M, Ishii K, Fujiki M, Kamida T, Kobayashi H, Kashima K, Kusakabe T, Nakazato Y: Benign pleomorphic astrocytoma in the hypothalamus--case report. Neurol Med Chir (Tokyo); 2006 Feb;46(2):101-3
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  • [Title] Benign pleomorphic astrocytoma in the hypothalamus--case report.
  • A 41-year-old woman presented with an unusual case of benign astrocytoma with marked pleomorphism manifesting as consciousness disturbance due to intraventricular hemorrhage.
  • Despite partial resection of the tumor without additional therapy, there have been no signs of tumor regrowth for 6 years.
  • The histological findings revealed solid proliferation of tumor cells with marked pleomorphism, contrary to the benign clinical course.
  • Immunohistochemical staining indicated the glial origin of the tumor.
  • The tumor was similar to pleomorphic xanthoastrocytoma, but the histological findings were not exactly identical, indicating a new histological entity.
  • [MeSH-major] Astrocytoma / pathology. Brain Neoplasms / pathology. Hypothalamus / pathology
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Female. Humans. Magnetic Resonance Imaging. Neoplasm Invasiveness

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  • (PMID = 16498222.001).
  • [ISSN] 0470-8105
  • [Journal-full-title] Neurologia medico-chirurgica
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Neurol. Med. Chir. (Tokyo)
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Japan
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14. Sentürk S, Oğuz KK, Cila A: Dynamic contrast-enhanced susceptibility-weighted perfusion imaging of intracranial tumors: a study using a 3T MR scanner. Diagn Interv Radiol; 2009 Mar;15(1):3-12
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  • PURPOSE: To determine whether there are statistically significant differences in cerebral blood volume (CBV) and cerebral blood flow (CBF) of brain tumors of different histopathologic types including primary and secondary benign and malignant lesions.
  • To determine whether these measurements relate to tumor grade.
  • MATERIALS AND METHODS: Forty-five patients with brain tumors, age 2 to 79 years, underwent dynamic contrast-enhanced susceptibility- weighted echo-planar perfusion magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) using a 3T MR scanner.
  • The Mann-Whitney U test was used to compare rCBV and rCBF measurements of tumor groups -- 13 low-grade and 13 high-grade neuroepithelial (NE) tumors, five metastases, 10 meningiomas, and four others.
  • CONCLUSION: CBV and CBF measurements provided by 3T perfusion MRI can help to predict NE tumor grading preoperatively, and differentiate between primary brain tumors and metastases.
  • [MeSH-major] Brain / blood supply. Brain Neoplasms / blood supply. Brain Neoplasms / pathology. Cerebrovascular Circulation. Image Enhancement / methods. Magnetic Resonance Imaging
  • [MeSH-minor] Adolescent. Adult. Aged. Child. Child, Preschool. Female. Humans. Male. Middle Aged. Young Adult

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  • (PMID = 19263367.001).
  • [ISSN] 1305-3612
  • [Journal-full-title] Diagnostic and interventional radiology (Ankara, Turkey)
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Diagn Interv Radiol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Turkey
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15. Wöhrer A, Waldhör T, Heinzl H, Hackl M, Feichtinger J, Gruber-Mösenbacher U, Kiefer A, Maier H, Motz R, Reiner-Concin A, Richling B, Idriceanu C, Scarpatetti M, Sedivy R, Bankl HC, Stiglbauer W, Preusser M, Rössler K, Hainfellner JA: The Austrian Brain Tumour Registry: a cooperative way to establish a population-based brain tumour registry. J Neurooncol; 2009 Dec;95(3):401-411
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  • [Title] The Austrian Brain Tumour Registry: a cooperative way to establish a population-based brain tumour registry.
  • In Austria, registration of malignant brain tumours is legally mandatory, whereas benign and borderline tumours are not reported.
  • The Austrian Brain Tumour Registry (ABTR) was initiated under the auspices of the Austrian Society of Neuropathology for the registration of malignant and non-malignant brain tumours.
  • All Austrian neuropathology units involved in brain tumour diagnostics contribute data on primary brain tumours.
  • In 2005, we registered a total of 1,688 newly diagnosed primary brain tumours in a population of 8.2 million inhabitants with an overall age-adjusted incidence rate of 18.1/100,000 person-years.
  • Comparison with the Central Brain Tumor Registry of the United States (CBTRUS) database showed high congruency of findings.
  • The ABTR model led by neuropathologists in collaboration with epidemiologists and the Austrian National Cancer Registry presents a cooperative way to establish a population-based brain tumour registry with high quality data.
  • The continued operation of ABTR will aid in monitoring changes in incidence and in identifying regional disease clusters or geographic variations in brain tumour morbidity/mortality.
  • [MeSH-major] Brain Neoplasms / epidemiology. Glioblastoma / epidemiology. Registries / standards. Registries / statistics & numerical data
  • [MeSH-minor] Adenoma / epidemiology. Adenoma / pathology. Adolescent. Adult. Age Distribution. Aged. Aged, 80 and over. Austria / epidemiology. Child. Child, Preschool. Ependymoma / epidemiology. Ependymoma / pathology. Female. Geographic Information Systems. Humans. Incidence. Male. Meningeal Neoplasms / epidemiology. Meningeal Neoplasms / pathology. Middle Aged. Oligodendroglioma / epidemiology. Oligodendroglioma / pathology. Reproducibility of Results. Sex Distribution. Young Adult

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  • (PMID = 19562257.001).
  • [ISSN] 1573-7373
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of neuro-oncology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Neurooncol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] United States
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16. Novak L, Molnar P, Lengyel Z, Tron L: Does increased 18FDG uptake reflect malignant transformation of a low-grade glioma? A diagnostic dilemma. Neurol India; 2005 Mar;53(1):112-4
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  • Benign gliomas of the brain show decreased uptake of 18F fluorodeoxyglucose (FDG) on positron emission tomography (PET).
  • In 1996, increased epileptic activity was accompanied by increased 18FDG uptake within the temporal part of the tumor.
  • Histological examination of the resected tumor showed no change in the pathology when compared with the first biopsy.
  • [MeSH-major] Brain Neoplasms / radionuclide imaging. Fluorodeoxyglucose F18. Glioma / radionuclide imaging. Positron-Emission Tomography
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Disease Progression. Female. Humans. Severity of Illness Index

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  • (PMID = 15805670.001).
  • [ISSN] 0028-3886
  • [Journal-full-title] Neurology India
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Neurol India
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] India
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0Z5B2CJX4D / Fluorodeoxyglucose F18
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17. Zhang QF, Liu DL, Yang ZQ: [Surgical treatment of tumors in anterior and middle skull base by modified maxillary bone disassembly procedures]. Zhonghua Er Bi Yan Hou Tou Jing Wai Ke Za Zhi; 2006 Nov;41(11):840-2
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  • Ten tumors in the anterior and middle skull base were resected according to the pathology, size and site of the skull base tumors including 9 benign tumors and 1 malignant tumor.
  • The patients with benign tumors showed no recurrence .
  • One patient with melanoma died of brain metastase.
  • According to the location of the tumor, the modified maxillary bone disassembly is the nearest and harmless approach, through which the tumors can be completely excised with minimal invasiveness.
  • [MeSH-major] Maxilla / surgery. Skull Base Neoplasms / surgery. Surgery, Oral / methods
  • [MeSH-minor] Adolescent. Adult. Female. Humans. Male. Middle Aged. Retrospective Studies. Treatment Outcome. Young Adult

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  • (PMID = 17283538.001).
  • [ISSN] 1673-0860
  • [Journal-full-title] Zhonghua er bi yan hou tou jing wai ke za zhi = Chinese journal of otorhinolaryngology head and neck surgery
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Zhonghua Er Bi Yan Hou Tou Jing Wai Ke Za Zhi
  • [Language] chi
  • [Publication-type] English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] China
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18. Salemi M, Calogero AE, Vicari E, Migliore E, Zaccarello G, Cosentino A, Amore M, Tricoli D, Castiglione R, Bosco P, Rappazzo G: A high percentage of skin melanoma cells expresses SPANX proteins. Am J Dermatopathol; 2009 Apr;31(2):182-6
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  • The expression of SPANX proteins was evaluated by immunohistochemistry in normal skin (n = 12), melanomas (n = 21), and benign nevi (n = 10), using a polyclonal antibody raised in our laboratory.
  • Benign nevi had an intermediate number of cells expressing SPANX proteins (25% +/- 8.5%), which resulted significantly higher than normal skin cells and significantly lower than skin melanoma cells.
  • In melanoma cells, the labeling was mostly nuclear, sometimes incomplete or limited to the perinuclear wall, even if cytoplasmic staining was also seen in SPANX-positive tumor cells.
  • [MeSH-major] Melanoma / metabolism. Nuclear Proteins / metabolism. Skin / metabolism. Skin Neoplasms / metabolism
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Aged. Aged, 80 and over. Animals. Antibodies. Antibody Specificity. Biopsy. Epitopes / immunology. Epitopes / metabolism. Female. Humans. Immunohistochemistry. Male. Mice. Middle Aged. Multigene Family / physiology. Neoplasms / metabolism. Neoplasms / pathology. Nevus / metabolism. Nevus / pathology

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  • (PMID = 19318807.001).
  • [ISSN] 1533-0311
  • [Journal-full-title] The American Journal of dermatopathology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Am J Dermatopathol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Antibodies; 0 / Epitopes; 0 / Nuclear Proteins; 0 / SPANXA1 protein, human
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19. Hernández Faraco A, Céspedes G, Trejo E: [Immunohistochemical expression of progesterone receptor in relationship with histological grade and risk of relapses in intracranial meningiomas]. Neurologia; 2009 May;24(4):235-44
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  • INTRODUCTION: Meningiomas are frequent primary neoplasms of the central nervous system, usually benign and susceptible to healing through surgery.
  • Nevertheless, a recurrence rate close to 20 % in benign meningiomas completely diseccated arises the need of considering new prognostic factors.
  • RESULTS: Though the immunohistochemical labelling index (LI) of the PR decreased with the progression of the histological grade (means of 27.37 % for grade I, 17.89% for grade II, and 13.50% for grade III), such correlation was not statistically significant and the cut off estimated in 20% was not satisfactory to discriminate among benign meningiomas (grade I) and non benign (grades II-III) due to its poor sensitivity (56.10%) and positive predictive value (56.10 %).
  • [MeSH-major] Brain Neoplasms / metabolism. Brain Neoplasms / pathology. Meningioma / metabolism. Meningioma / pathology. Receptors, Progesterone / biosynthesis
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Biomarkers, Tumor. Disease Progression. Female. Humans. Immunohistochemistry. Male. Middle Aged. Neoplasm Recurrence, Local. Prognosis. Risk Assessment. Survival Analysis

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  • (PMID = 19603293.001).
  • [ISSN] 0213-4853
  • [Journal-full-title] Neurología (Barcelona, Spain)
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Neurologia
  • [Language] spa
  • [Publication-type] English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Spain
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Biomarkers, Tumor; 0 / Receptors, Progesterone
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20. Tsuboi Y, Kurimoto M, Nagai S, Kamiyama H, Endo S: Malignant transformation of oligoastrocytoma: a case report. Brain Tumor Pathol; 2007;24(2):63-8
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  • We report a case of oligoastrocytoma resembling dysembryoplastic neuroepithelial tumor (DNT) with malignant transformation.
  • Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) revealed an extensive left temporal lobe tumor.
  • She underwent partial resection of the tumor under awake surgery, while preserving her language function.
  • The surgical specimen showed that the majority of the tumor was composed of a glioneuronal element.
  • The tumor recurred at the left temporal lobe in June 2005.
  • She received PAV (procarvazine, ACNU, and vincristine) chemotherapy, and the tumor subsided transiently.
  • The authors concluded that this tumor could be a malignant transformation of oligoastrocytoma mimicking DNT, and we wish to give warning that the presence of a glioneuronal component is not an absolute benign hallmark.
  • [MeSH-major] Astrocytoma / pathology. Brain Neoplasms / pathology. Neoplasm Recurrence, Local / pathology. Neoplasms, Multiple Primary / pathology. Neuroectodermal Tumors, Primitive / pathology
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols / therapeutic use. Cell Transformation, Neoplastic. Diagnosis, Differential. Female. Humans. In Situ Hybridization, Fluorescence. Magnetic Resonance Imaging. Neurosurgical Procedures. Radiotherapy

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  • (PMID = 18095133.001).
  • [ISSN] 1433-7398
  • [Journal-full-title] Brain tumor pathology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Brain Tumor Pathol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Japan
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21. Zhou J, Li NY, Zhou XJ, Zhou HB, Wu B, Jiang SJ, Ma HH, Zhang RS: [Clinicopathologic study of von Hippel-Lindau syndrome-related and sporadic hemangioblastomas of central nervous system]. Zhonghua Bing Li Xue Za Zhi; 2010 Mar;39(3):145-50
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  • There were 10 patients presenting other lesions related to VHL, including 6 retinal HBs, 4 pancreatic tumors (endocrine tumor and microcystic cystadenoma), 1 clear renal cell carcinoma, 4 renal cysts and 1 endolymphatic sac tumor.
  • Involvement of the brain tissue was seen in 32 cases, among which, 21 patients with available follow-up information were learnt to be alive.
  • Tumor cells of HB stained positive for vimentin, EGFR, Inhibin alpha and D2-40, but negative for CD34 and CD68.
  • The syndrome is characterized by development of various benign and malignant tumors.
  • The most common tumor is CNS-HB, which occurs predominantly in the cerebellum.
  • Patients with VHL syndrome tend to present at a younger age than patients with sporadic CNS-HBs, and VHL related HB occurs more predominantly in the brain stem and spinal cord.
  • Prognosis of CNS-HB patients is not correlated with the nuclear atypicality, expression for Ki-67 and involvement of the brain tissue.
  • [MeSH-major] Central Nervous System Neoplasms / pathology. Hemangioblastoma / pathology. von Hippel-Lindau Disease / pathology
  • [MeSH-minor] Adolescent. Adult. Carcinoma, Renal Cell / metabolism. Carcinoma, Renal Cell / pathology. Carcinoma, Renal Cell / surgery. Child. Female. Follow-Up Studies. Glial Fibrillary Acidic Protein / metabolism. Humans. Inhibins / metabolism. Ki-67 Antigen / metabolism. Male. Middle Aged. Neoplasm Recurrence, Local. Pancreatic Neoplasms / metabolism. Pancreatic Neoplasms / pathology. Pancreatic Neoplasms / surgery. Receptor, Epidermal Growth Factor / metabolism. Retinal Neoplasms / metabolism. Retinal Neoplasms / pathology. Retinal Neoplasms / surgery. Survival Analysis. Vimentin / metabolism. Young Adult

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  • (PMID = 20450758.001).
  • [ISSN] 0529-5807
  • [Journal-full-title] Zhonghua bing li xue za zhi = Chinese journal of pathology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Zhonghua Bing Li Xue Za Zhi
  • [Language] chi
  • [Publication-type] English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] China
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Glial Fibrillary Acidic Protein; 0 / Ki-67 Antigen; 0 / Vimentin; 0 / inhibin-alpha subunit; 57285-09-3 / Inhibins; EC 2.7.10.1 / EGFR protein, human; EC 2.7.10.1 / Receptor, Epidermal Growth Factor
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22. Gu TF, Xiao XL, Sun F, Yin JH, Zhao H: Diagnostic value of whole body diffusion weighted imaging for screening primary tumors of patients with metastases. Chin Med Sci J; 2008 Sep;23(3):145-50
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  • OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the values of whole body diffusion weighted imaging (DWI) in screening primary unknown tumor in patients with metastases.
  • All the metastases including 27 cases of osseous metastases, 2 brain metastases, 2 liver metastases, 1 pulmonary multiple metastasis, 1 neck metastasis and 1 malignant ascites, were diagnosed by computed tomography, single photon emission computed tomography, or MR imaging.
  • RESULTS: We found 24 cases with suspected primary lesions, in which 23 lesions were proved to be primary tumors, and 1 was proved to be benign lesion.
  • And no definite primary lesion was found in 10 cases on whole body DWI, but in which 1 case was diagnosed with primary tumor by biopsy later, and the other 9 cases remained unknown within follow-up of over half a year.

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  • (PMID = 18853848.001).
  • [ISSN] 1001-9294
  • [Journal-full-title] Chinese medical sciences journal = Chung-kuo i hsueh k'o hsueh tsa chih
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Chin. Med. Sci. J.
  • [Language] ENG
  • [Publication-type] Evaluation Studies; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] China
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23. Stark AM, Maslehaty H, Hugo HH, Mahvash M, Mehdorn HM: Glioblastoma of the cerebellum and brainstem. J Clin Neurosci; 2010 Oct;17(10):1248-51
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  • Glioblastoma multiforme (GB) is the most common and most malignant primary intracranial tumor.
  • Because of its rarity and the non-specific radiological features of iGB, it can easily be misdiagnosed as a brain metastasis, ependymoma or even as a benign lesion such as vestibular schwannoma or meningioma.
  • [MeSH-major] Brain Neoplasms / pathology. Brain Stem / pathology. Cerebellum / pathology. Glioblastoma / pathology
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Aged. Aged, 80 and over. Female. Humans. Magnetic Resonance Imaging / methods. Male. Middle Aged. Retrospective Studies. Young Adult

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  • [Copyright] Copyright 2010 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
  • (PMID = 20619657.001).
  • [ISSN] 1532-2653
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of clinical neuroscience : official journal of the Neurosurgical Society of Australasia
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Clin Neurosci
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Scotland
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24. Quintana LG, da Silva FP, Pieczarka JC, Nagamachi CY, Anselmo NP, de Oliveira EH: Correlation between argyrophilic nucleolar organizer region staining and brain tumor classification and grading. Cancer Invest; 2010 Jun;28(5):459-64
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  • [Title] Correlation between argyrophilic nucleolar organizer region staining and brain tumor classification and grading.
  • Distinctions between benign and malignant tumors are less evident in the central nervous system than in other tissues.
  • Since the level of cell proliferation is an important feature in tumor grading, we applied AgNOR in 50 cases of brain tumors with different grades and histological origins in order to check its efficiency in discriminating between benign and malignant cases.
  • [MeSH-major] Brain Neoplasms / pathology. Nucleolus Organizer Region / pathology. Silver Staining
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Age Factors. Chromosomal Proteins, Non-Histone / metabolism. Humans. Middle Aged. Prognosis

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  • (PMID = 20014945.001).
  • [ISSN] 1532-4192
  • [Journal-full-title] Cancer investigation
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Cancer Invest.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Chromosomal Proteins, Non-Histone
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25. Roy S, Josephson SA, Fridlyand J, Karch J, Kadoch C, Karrim J, Damon L, Treseler P, Kunwar S, Shuman MA, Jones T, Becker CH, Schulman H, Rubenstein JL: Protein biomarker identification in the CSF of patients with CNS lymphoma. J Clin Oncol; 2008 Jan 1;26(1):96-105
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  • We tested the hypothesis that individual CSF proteins distinguish CNS lymphoma from benign focal brain lesions.
  • ATIII RNA transcripts were identified within CNS lymphomas, and ATIII protein was localized selectively to tumor neovasculature.
  • We propose that the discovery of CSF protein biomarkers will facilitate early and noninvasive diagnosis in patients with lesions not amenable to brain biopsy, as well as provide improved surrogates of prognosis and treatment response in CNS lymphoma and brain metastasis.
  • [MeSH-major] Biomarkers, Tumor / cerebrospinal fluid. Brain Neoplasms / cerebrospinal fluid. Lymphoma / cerebrospinal fluid. Neoplasm Proteins / cerebrospinal fluid
  • [MeSH-minor] Adolescent. Adult. Aged. Aged, 80 and over. Antithrombin III / genetics. Antithrombin III / metabolism. Case-Control Studies. Chromatography, Liquid. Diagnosis, Differential. Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay. Female. Humans. Immunoblotting. Immunoenzyme Techniques. Leukemia, Myeloid / cerebrospinal fluid. Leukemia, Myeloid / pathology. Lymphoma, B-Cell / cerebrospinal fluid. Lymphoma, B-Cell / pathology. Lymphoma, B-Cell, Marginal Zone / cerebrospinal fluid. Lymphoma, B-Cell, Marginal Zone / pathology. Lymphoma, Large B-Cell, Diffuse / cerebrospinal fluid. Lymphoma, Large B-Cell, Diffuse / pathology. Lymphoma, Non-Hodgkin / cerebrospinal fluid. Lymphoma, Non-Hodgkin / pathology. Male. Middle Aged. Proteomics. Sensitivity and Specificity. Spectrometry, Mass, Matrix-Assisted Laser Desorption-Ionization. Survival Rate

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  • (PMID = 18056677.001).
  • [ISSN] 1527-7755
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of clinical oncology : official journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Clin. Oncol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Grant] United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / K23 CA100291
  • [Publication-type] Comparative Study; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Biomarkers, Tumor; 0 / Neoplasm Proteins; 9000-94-6 / Antithrombin III
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ NIHMS612770; NLM/ PMC4134101
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26. Fukaya R, Yoshida K, Ohira T, Kawase T: Trigeminal schwannomas: experience with 57 cases and a review of the literature. Neurosurg Rev; 2010 Apr;34(2):159-71
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  • Trigeminal schwannoma is a mostly benign tumor that can be cured by complete resection.
  • Since 1990, all such patients have been treated using three main types of middle fossa skull base approaches, which minimize the exposure of the brain: the anterior transpetrosal approach, subtemporal interdural approach (Dolenc), or a combination of these approaches.
  • Before 1990, total tumor removal was achieved in only three of eight patients (38%).
  • However, total surgical removal after surgery and Gamma knife surgery was very difficult because of dense adhesions to the brain stem and cranial nerves.
  • A correct anatomical knowledge is critical for minimizing brain exposure and avoiding surgical complications.
  • [MeSH-major] Cranial Nerve Neoplasms / surgery. Neurilemmoma / surgery. Trigeminal Nerve Diseases / surgery
  • [MeSH-minor] Adolescent. Adult. Aged. Child. Cranial Fossa, Middle / surgery. Dura Mater / surgery. Female. Follow-Up Studies. Humans. Karnofsky Performance Status. Male. Middle Aged. Neoplasm Recurrence, Local. Neurosurgical Procedures / methods. Radiosurgery. Retrospective Studies. Skull Base / surgery. Temporal Bone / surgery. Treatment Outcome. Young Adult

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  • (PMID = 20963463.001).
  • [ISSN] 1437-2320
  • [Journal-full-title] Neurosurgical review
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Neurosurg Rev
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Germany
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27. Ramina R, Neto MC, Fernandes YB, Aguiar PH, de Meneses MS, Torres LF: Meningiomas of the jugular foramen. Neurosurg Rev; 2006 Jan;29(1):55-60
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  • Radical removal of benign jugular foramen meningiomas is possible.
  • The incidence of postoperative deficit of cranial nerves is higher than in other benign tumors of the jugular foramen.
  • [MeSH-major] Meningeal Neoplasms / pathology. Meningioma / pathology. Skull Neoplasms / pathology
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Child. Female. Follow-Up Studies. Humans. Incidence. Male. Middle Aged. Neurosurgical Procedures. Occipital Bone. Temporal Bone. Treatment Outcome

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  • (PMID = 16195869.001).
  • [ISSN] 0344-5607
  • [Journal-full-title] Neurosurgical review
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Neurosurg Rev
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Germany
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28. Torlakovic E, Slipicevic A, Robinson C, DeCoteau JF, Alfsen GC, Vyberg M, Chibbar R, Flørenes VA: Pax-5 expression in nonhematopoietic tissues. Am J Clin Pathol; 2006 Nov;126(5):798-804
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  • We evaluated 123 formalin-fixed, paraffin-embedded samples, including neuroendocrine tumors, adult brain, mesonephric tissues, and from various other sites.
  • Our study describes for the first time distribution of Pax-5 in adult brain tissue, including periaqueductal gray matter of the midbrain, area postrema of the medulla oblongata, and occasional cells of the spinal trigeminal nucleus (caudal nucleus).
  • Pax-5 expression also was found readily in benign and malignant mesonephric tissues and focally in müllerian duct-derived tissues and tumors.
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Blotting, Western. Cell Line, Tumor. Female. Gastrointestinal Neoplasms / metabolism. Gastrointestinal Neoplasms / pathology. Humans. Immunohistochemistry. Lung Neoplasms / metabolism. Lung Neoplasms / pathology. Pancreatic Neoplasms / metabolism. Pancreatic Neoplasms / pathology. Uterine Cervical Neoplasms / metabolism. Uterine Cervical Neoplasms / pathology

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  • (PMID = 17050077.001).
  • [ISSN] 0002-9173
  • [Journal-full-title] American journal of clinical pathology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Am. J. Clin. Pathol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / B-Cell-Specific Activator Protein; 0 / PAX5 protein, human
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29. Nagesh V, Tsien CI, Chenevert TL, Ross BD, Lawrence TS, Junick L, Cao Y: Radiation-induced changes in normal-appearing white matter in patients with cerebral tumors: a diffusion tensor imaging study. Int J Radiat Oncol Biol Phys; 2008 Mar 15;70(4):1002-10
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  • PURPOSE: To quantify the radiation-induced changes in normal-appearing white matter before, during, and after radiotherapy (RT) in cerebral tumor patients.
  • METHODS AND MATERIALS: Twenty-five patients with low-grade glioma, high-grade glioma, or benign tumor treated with RT were studied using diffusion tensor magnetic resonance imaging.

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  • (PMID = 18313524.001).
  • [ISSN] 0360-3016
  • [Journal-full-title] International journal of radiation oncology, biology, physics
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Int. J. Radiat. Oncol. Biol. Phys.
  • [Language] ENG
  • [Grant] United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / CA113699-02; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / R21 CA113699; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / R21 CA113699-02; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / P01 CA059827; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / 3P01 CA59827; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / CA059827-06A1; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / P01 CA085878-01A2; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / P02 CA85878; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / P01 CA059827-06A1; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / P01 CA085878; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / R21 CA11369901
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ NIHMS42273; NLM/ PMC2376211
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30. Hsu CC, Pai CY, Kao HW, Hsueh CJ, Hsu WL, Lo CP: Do aggressive imaging features correlate with advanced histopathological grade in meningiomas? J Clin Neurosci; 2010 May;17(5):584-7
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  • Atypical and malignant meningiomas are more likely to recur than benign meningiomas.
  • We aimed to distinguish atypical and malignant meningiomas from benign meningiomas based on imaging findings.
  • Histopathological grades were assigned as benign and atypical/malignant meningiomas according to the World Health Organization (WHO) classification.
  • (iv) extracranial tumor extension through the skull base foramina;.
  • (v) arterial encasement; and (vi) peritumoral brain edema.
  • There were 59 benign and 16 atypical/malignant meningiomas.
  • Only intratumoral cystic change and extracranial tumor extension through the skull base foramina were more prevalent in atypical/malignant meningiomas (p=0.001).
  • [MeSH-major] Meningeal Neoplasms / pathology. Meningeal Neoplasms / radiography. Meningioma / pathology. Meningioma / radiography
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Aged. Aged, 80 and over. Chi-Square Distribution. Female. Humans. Image Interpretation, Computer-Assisted. Magnetic Resonance Imaging. Male. Middle Aged. Patient Selection. Severity of Illness Index

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  • (PMID = 20219376.001).
  • [ISSN] 1532-2653
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of clinical neuroscience : official journal of the Neurosurgical Society of Australasia
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Clin Neurosci
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Scotland
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31. Liu RS, Chang CP, Guo WY, Pan DH, Ho DM, Chang CW, Yang BH, Wu LC, Yeh SH: 1-11C-acetate versus 18F-FDG PET in detection of meningioma and monitoring the effect of gamma-knife radiosurgery. J Nucl Med; 2010 Jun;51(6):883-91
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  • The PET images were evaluated by a qualitative method and semiquantitative analysis using standardized uptake value and tumor-to-cortex ratio.
  • High uptake of 1-(11)C-acetate was observed in all 20 meningiomas, in contrast to the low uptake in surrounding normal brain tissue, allowing a clearer demarcation of the tumor boundary than that provided by (18)F-FDG.
  • Dissociation of regional accumulation of 1-(11)C-acetate and (18)F-FDG within the tumor was also noted on the coregistered images.
  • The standardized uptake value for 1-(11)C-acetate was not different from that for (18)F-FDG (mean +/- SD, 3.16 +/- 1.75 vs. 3.22 +/- 1.50, P = 0.601), but the tumor-to-cortex ratio for 1-(11)C-acetate was higher than that for (18)F-FDG (3.46 +/- 1.38 vs. 0.93 +/- 1.08, P < 0.005). (18)F-FDG was able to differentiate grade I from grade II-III meningiomas, whereas 1-(11)C-acetate was unable to do so.
  • 1-(11)C-acetate performed better than did (18)F-FDG in monitoring the response of tumor metabolism to radiosurgery.
  • CONCLUSION: 1-(11)C-acetate was found to be useful for detecting meningiomas and evaluating the extent of meningiomas and potentially useful for monitoring tumor response to radiosurgery.
  • However, 1-(11)C-acetate was not useful for evaluating the tumor grade. (18)F-FDG was found to be less useful than 1-(11)C-acetate for evaluating the extent of meningiomas and the response to radiosurgical treatment but may be useful for differentiating benign from malignant meningiomas. (18)F-FDG and 1-(11)C-acetate are complementary for assessing diverse cell metabolism of meningioma.
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Aged. Aged, 80 and over. Biological Transport. Female. Humans. Magnetic Resonance Imaging. Male. Middle Aged. Regression Analysis. Retrospective Studies. Treatment Outcome. Tumor Burden

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  • (PMID = 20484430.001).
  • [ISSN] 1535-5667
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of nuclear medicine : official publication, Society of Nuclear Medicine
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Nucl. Med.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Comparative Study; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Acetates; 0 / carbon-11 acetate; 0Z5B2CJX4D / Fluorodeoxyglucose F18; 7440-44-0 / Carbon
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32. Nakamura M, Ishii K, Watanabe K, Tsuji T, Matsumoto M, Toyama Y, Chiba K: Long-term surgical outcomes for myxopapillary ependymomas of the cauda equina. Spine (Phila Pa 1976); 2009 Oct 1;34(21):E756-60
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  • Because of the rarity of this tumor, there is no consensus on its optimal treatment options and prognosis.
  • The effects of surgical margins at surgery and postoperative radiotherapy on tumor recurrence and prognosis were investigated.
  • RESULTS: In 15 patients, total resection achieved (6 cases of en bloc resection without postoperative radiation, and in 9 cases piecemeal resection) was followed by whole brain and spinal cord radiation or local irradiation.
  • Fourteen of these patients survived without tumor recurrence.
  • In 1 case of total resection without radiotherapy, the tumor capsule was violated intraoperatively and local recurrence occurred 2 years after surgery.
  • Of these, 2 patients who received radiation (24 Gy) only to the whole brain and spinal cord developed recurrence, and 2 who received whole brain and spinal cord radiation (24 Gy) supplemented with local radiation (46 Gy) developed no recurrence.
  • Although this tumor is histologically benign, CSF dissemination can occur once tumor capsule is violated, before or during surgery.
  • Therefore, early diagnosis is essential, and a therapeutic strategy including radiotherapy, on the assumption that this tumor is malignant, should be established.
  • [MeSH-major] Cauda Equina. Ependymoma / surgery. Neurosurgical Procedures. Peripheral Nervous System Neoplasms / surgery
  • [MeSH-minor] Adolescent. Adult. Female. Humans. Incidence. Longitudinal Studies. Magnetic Resonance Imaging. Male. Middle Aged. Neoplasm Recurrence, Local / epidemiology. Neoplasm Recurrence, Local / prevention & control. Prognosis. Radiotherapy, Adjuvant / methods. Retrospective Studies. Treatment Outcome. Young Adult

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  • (PMID = 19934795.001).
  • [ISSN] 1528-1159
  • [Journal-full-title] Spine
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Spine
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] United States
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33. Lázaro BC, Landeiro JA: Tectal plate tumors. Arq Neuropsiquiatr; 2006 Jun;64(2B):432-6
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  • Tectal plate is a rare location for a tumor.
  • Open surgery was performed in three cases (due to tumor enlargement or need for the exact diagnosis).
  • In our series, except in the metastatic tumor case and the cavernoma, the other types of lesion consisted of low grade gliomas.
  • These lesions represent a different type of brain stem tumor sharing a common good prognosis, with a benign behavior.
  • When a patient presents with a benign lesions in the tectal region, treating the main symptom--hydrocephalus--should be the first attempt in management of these lesions.
  • [MeSH-major] Brain Stem Neoplasms / diagnosis. Glioma / diagnosis. Tectum Mesencephali
  • [MeSH-minor] Adolescent. Adult. Aged. Female. Follow-Up Studies. Humans. Magnetic Resonance Imaging. Male. Middle Aged. Time Factors. Tomography, X-Ray Computed. Treatment Outcome. Ventriculostomy

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  • (PMID = 16917614.001).
  • [ISSN] 0004-282X
  • [Journal-full-title] Arquivos de neuro-psiquiatria
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Arq Neuropsiquiatr
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Brazil
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34. Wada K, Maruno M, Suzuki T, Kagawa N, Hashiba T, Fujimoto Y, Hashimoto N, Izumoto S, Yoshimine T: Chromosomal and genetic abnormalities in benign and malignant meningiomas using DNA microarray. Neurol Res; 2005 Oct;27(7):747-54
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  • [Title] Chromosomal and genetic abnormalities in benign and malignant meningiomas using DNA microarray.
  • BACKGROUND: Meningioma is the commonest brain tumor and many genetic abnormalities, such as the loss of chromosome 22q and the mutation of NF2, have been reported.
  • METHODS: These classical abnormalities were detected using Southern blot, PCR, fluorescence in situ hybridization and comparative genomic hybridization, but these methods examine only very limited regions or limited mapping resolution of the tumor genome.
  • [MeSH-major] Chromosome Aberrations. Meningeal Neoplasms / genetics. Meningioma / genetics. Oligonucleotide Array Sequence Analysis
  • [MeSH-minor] Adolescent. Adult. Aged. Aged, 80 and over. Chromosome Mapping. Female. Humans. Male. Middle Aged

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  • (PMID = 16197812.001).
  • [ISSN] 0161-6412
  • [Journal-full-title] Neurological research
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Neurol. Res.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] England
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35. Motta FJ, Valera ET, Lucio-Eterovic AK, Queiroz RG, Neder L, Scrideli CA, Machado HR, Carlotti-Junior CG, Marie SK, Tone LG: Differential expression of E-cadherin gene in human neuroepithelial tumors. Genet Mol Res; 2008;7(2):295-304
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  • This study aimed to evaluate the expression of E-cadherin and their correlation with clinical features in microdissected brain tumor samples from 81 patients, divided into 62 astrocytic tumors grades I to IV and 19 medulloblastomas, and from 5 white matter non-neoplasic brain tissue samples.
  • Non-neoplasic brain tissue showed a higher expression level of CDH1 gene than did neuroepithelial tumors.
  • Non-neoplasic brain tissue showed a higher expression level of CDH1 gene than grade I malignancy astrocytomas, considered as benign tumors (P = 0.0473).
  • [MeSH-major] Cadherins / genetics. Gene Expression Profiling. Neoplasms, Neuroepithelial / genetics
  • [MeSH-minor] Adolescent. Adult. Brain / metabolism. Gene Expression Regulation, Neoplastic. Humans. Middle Aged. RNA, Messenger / genetics. RNA, Messenger / metabolism. Reverse Transcriptase Polymerase Chain Reaction

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  • (PMID = 18551395.001).
  • [ISSN] 1676-5680
  • [Journal-full-title] Genetics and molecular research : GMR
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Genet. Mol. Res.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] Brazil
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Cadherins; 0 / RNA, Messenger
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36. Chen H, Sun XF, Wu JS: [Clinicopathologic study of subependymal giant cell astrocytoma]. Zhonghua Bing Li Xue Za Zhi; 2006 Nov;35(11):656-9
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  • The tumor often occurred in the lateral ventricles (16/18, 88.9%).
  • CONCLUSIONS: Subependymal giant cell astrocytoma is a benign brain tumor with distinctive histopathologic features.
  • The tumor typically affects children and young adults.
  • [MeSH-major] Astrocytoma / pathology. Cerebral Ventricle Neoplasms / pathology
  • [MeSH-minor] Adolescent. Adult. Child. Female. Follow-Up Studies. Glial Fibrillary Acidic Protein / biosynthesis. Humans. Immunohistochemistry. Magnetic Resonance Imaging. Male. Middle Aged. Retrospective Studies. Synaptophysin / biosynthesis. Tomography, X-Ray Computed. Tuberous Sclerosis / complications. Tuberous Sclerosis / metabolism. Tuberous Sclerosis / pathology. Young Adult

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  • (PMID = 17374208.001).
  • [ISSN] 0529-5807
  • [Journal-full-title] Zhonghua bing li xue za zhi = Chinese journal of pathology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Zhonghua Bing Li Xue Za Zhi
  • [Language] chi
  • [Publication-type] English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] China
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Glial Fibrillary Acidic Protein; 0 / Synaptophysin
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37. Shingu T, Akiyama Y, Daisu M, Maruyama N, Matsumoto Y, Miyazaki T, Nagai H, Yamamoto Y, Yamasaki T, Yoshida M, Maruyama R, Moritake K: Symptomatic hemorrhage associated with recurrent pilocytic astrocytoma with granulation tissue--case report. Neurol Med Chir (Tokyo); 2007 May;47(5):222-8
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  • Computed tomography and T(2)*-weighted magnetic resonance imaging revealed hemorrhage in the tumor located in the right basal ganglia, thalamus, and hypothalamus.
  • Although neither symptomatic hemorrhage nor late benign recurrence is common, careful long-term follow up is necessary for patients with pilocytic astrocytoma.
  • [MeSH-major] Astrocytoma / pathology. Brain Neoplasms / pathology. Cerebral Hemorrhage / etiology. Neoplasm Recurrence, Local / pathology
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Female. Granulation Tissue / pathology. Humans

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  • (PMID = 17527050.001).
  • [ISSN] 0470-8105
  • [Journal-full-title] Neurologia medico-chirurgica
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Neurol. Med. Chir. (Tokyo)
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Japan
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38. Yen CP, Sheehan J, Patterson G, Steiner L: Gamma knife surgery for neurocytoma. J Neurosurg; 2007 Jul;107(1):7-12
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  • OBJECT: Although considered benign tumors, neurocytomas have various biological behaviors, histological patterns, and clinical courses.
  • Three patients harbored five recurrent tumors after a gross-total resection, three had progression of previous partially resected tumors, and one had undergone a tumor biopsy only.
  • The mean tumor volume at the time of GKS ranged from 1.4 to 19.8 cm3 (mean 6.0 cm3).
  • A mean peripheral dose of 16 Gy was prescribed to the tumor margin with the median isodose configuration of 32.5%.
  • Because of secondary hemorrhage, an accurate tumor volume could not be determined in one.
  • Four patients were asymptomatic during the follow-up period, and the condition of the patient who had residual hemiparesis from a previous transcortical resection of the tumor was stable.
  • Additionally, the patient who experienced tumor hemorrhage required a shunt revision, and another patient died of sepsis due to a shunt infection.
  • It offers control over the tumor with the benefits of minimal invasiveness and low morbidity rates.
  • [MeSH-major] Brain Neoplasms / radiotherapy. Brain Neoplasms / surgery. Neurocytoma / radiotherapy. Neurocytoma / surgery. Radiosurgery
  • [MeSH-minor] Adolescent. Adult. Dose Fractionation. Female. Follow-Up Studies. Humans. Magnetic Resonance Imaging. Male. Microsurgery. Neoplasm Recurrence, Local

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  • (PMID = 17639866.001).
  • [ISSN] 0022-3085
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of neurosurgery
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Neurosurg.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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39. Regelsberger J, Hagel C, Emami P, Ries T, Heese O, Westphal M: Secretory meningiomas: a benign subgroup causing life-threatening complications. Neuro Oncol; 2009 Dec;11(6):819-24
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  • [Title] Secretory meningiomas: a benign subgroup causing life-threatening complications.
  • While meningiomas are known as slow-growing extracerebral neoplasms, the subgroup of secretory meningiomas with histologically benign characteristics tend to cause disproportional peritumoral edema, frequently leading to severe medical and neurological complications in postoperative management.
  • The clinical course, radiological appearance, and histopathological features were retrospectively analyzed to examine the specifics of these benign lesions.
  • A severe, nearly hemispheric perifocal edema disproportional to tumor size was seen on preoperative MR imaging in 18 (41%) patients.
  • An association between the extent of brain edema and number of periodic acid Schiff-positive pseudopsammomas was found (p < 0.02).
  • Mean MIB-1 (Ki-67 antigen) proliferation index was 3.0% (range, 0%-17%) and did not correlate with edema or tumor recurrence.
  • [MeSH-major] Brain Edema / etiology. Meningeal Neoplasms / complications. Meningeal Neoplasms / metabolism. Meningioma / complications. Meningioma / metabolism
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Aged. Biomarkers, Tumor / metabolism. Carcinoembryonic Antigen / metabolism. Female. Follow-Up Studies. Humans. Immunoenzyme Techniques. Keratins / metabolism. Ki-67 Antigen / metabolism. Male. Middle Aged. Neoplasm Recurrence, Local / diagnosis. Neoplasm Recurrence, Local / metabolism. Neoplasm Staging. Prognosis. Retrospective Studies. Tomography, X-Ray Computed

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  • (PMID = 19066343.001).
  • [ISSN] 1523-5866
  • [Journal-full-title] Neuro-oncology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Neuro-oncology
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Clinical Trial; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Biomarkers, Tumor; 0 / Carcinoembryonic Antigen; 0 / Ki-67 Antigen; 68238-35-7 / Keratins
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40. Maes L, Kalala JP, Cornelissen M, de Ridder L: Progression of astrocytomas and meningiomas: an evaluation in vitro. Cell Prolif; 2007 Feb;40(1):14-23
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  • By verifying the proliferation capacity, human telomerase reverse transcriptase (hTERT) expression and in vitro invasion, in a group of highly malignant glioblastomas, benign meningiomas and astrocytomas, at the initial stage of progression, we have analysed putative progression in vitro for proliferation and telomerase expression.
  • The group of benign meningiomas had a labelling index of 2.2 (SD = 2.7).
  • The group of benign meningiomas had a labelling index of 12.4 (SD = 19.2) for hTERT.
  • CONCLUSIONS: The elevated expression of hTERT and Ki-67 in vitro provides a potential prognostic tool for early detection of the progression of brain tumours.
  • [MeSH-major] Astrocytoma / pathology. Brain Neoplasms / pathology. Cell Proliferation. Ki-67 Antigen / biosynthesis. Meningeal Neoplasms / pathology. Meningioma / pathology
  • [MeSH-minor] Adolescent. Adult. Aged. Biomarkers, Tumor / analysis. Child. Disease Progression. Female. Humans. Male. Middle Aged. Neoplasm Invasiveness. Prognosis. Telomerase / analysis. Tumor Cells, Cultured

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  • (PMID = 17227292.001).
  • [ISSN] 0960-7722
  • [Journal-full-title] Cell proliferation
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Cell Prolif.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Biomarkers, Tumor; 0 / Ki-67 Antigen; EC 2.7.7.49 / TERT protein, human; EC 2.7.7.49 / Telomerase
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41. Szabó PM, Wiener Z, Tömböl Z, Kovács A, Pócza P, Horányi J, Kulka J, Riesz P, Tóth M, Patócs A, Gaillard RC, Falus A, Rácz K, Igaz P: Differences in the expression of histamine-related genes and proteins in normal human adrenal cortex and adrenocortical tumors. Virchows Arch; 2009 Aug;455(2):133-42
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  • In this study, we examined the expression of histamine-related genes and proteins and histamine content in normal adrenal cortex, benign adrenocortical adenomas, and malignant adrenocortical cancer (ACC).
  • HDC expression and histamine content was highest in the normal tissues and lower in benign tumors, whereas it was significantly less in ACCs.
  • Adrenocortical tumorigenesis might, thus, be characterized by reduced histamine biosynthesis; furthermore, different adrenocortical tumor subtypes may show unique histamine receptor expression profiles.
  • [MeSH-major] Adrenal Cortex / metabolism. Adrenal Cortex Neoplasms / metabolism. Adrenocortical Adenoma / metabolism. Histamine / metabolism. Histidine Decarboxylase / metabolism. Receptors, Histamine / metabolism
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Aged. Female. Gene Expression Profiling. Humans. Male. Middle Aged. Receptors, G-Protein-Coupled / genetics. Receptors, G-Protein-Coupled / metabolism. Receptors, Histamine H1 / genetics. Receptors, Histamine H1 / metabolism. Receptors, Histamine H2 / genetics. Receptors, Histamine H2 / metabolism. Receptors, Histamine H3 / genetics. Receptors, Histamine H3 / metabolism

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  • (PMID = 19568768.001).
  • [ISSN] 1432-2307
  • [Journal-full-title] Virchows Archiv : an international journal of pathology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Virchows Arch.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Comparative Study; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] Germany
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / HRH4 protein, human; 0 / Receptors, G-Protein-Coupled; 0 / Receptors, Histamine; 0 / Receptors, Histamine H1; 0 / Receptors, Histamine H2; 0 / Receptors, Histamine H3; 820484N8I3 / Histamine; EC 4.1.1.22 / Histidine Decarboxylase
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42. Panagopoulos AT, Lancellotti CL, Veiga JC, de Aguiar PH, Colquhoun A: Expression of cell adhesion proteins and proteins related to angiogenesis and fatty acid metabolism in benign, atypical, and anaplastic meningiomas. J Neurooncol; 2008 Aug;89(1):73-87
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  • [Title] Expression of cell adhesion proteins and proteins related to angiogenesis and fatty acid metabolism in benign, atypical, and anaplastic meningiomas.
  • Most meningiomas are benign tumours of arachnoidal origin, although a small number have high proliferative rates and invasive properties which complicate complete surgical resection and are associated with increased recurrence rates.
  • Paraffin sections from 25 intracranial meningiomas were analysed for expression of the proteins vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), VEGF receptors Flt1 and Flk1, E-cadherin, metalloproteinases 2 and 9 (MMP2, MMP9), CD44, receptor for hyaluronic acid-mediated motility (RHAMM), hyaluronic acid (HA), CD45, cyclooxygenase 2 (COX2), brain fatty acid binding protein (BFABP), Ki67, and proliferating cell nuclear antigen (PCNA).
  • [MeSH-major] Biomarkers, Tumor / metabolism. Cell Adhesion Molecules / biosynthesis. Fatty Acids / metabolism. Meningeal Neoplasms / metabolism. Meningioma / metabolism. Neoplasm Proteins / biosynthesis. Neovascularization, Pathologic / metabolism
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Aged. Cell Proliferation. Child. Cyclooxygenase 2 / analysis. Cyclooxygenase 2 / metabolism. Eicosanoids / metabolism. Female. Humans. Ki-67 Antigen / analysis. Ki-67 Antigen / metabolism. Male. Microcirculation / metabolism. Middle Aged. Proliferating Cell Nuclear Antigen / analysis. Proliferating Cell Nuclear Antigen / metabolism

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  • (PMID = 18418552.001).
  • [ISSN] 0167-594X
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of neuro-oncology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Neurooncol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Biomarkers, Tumor; 0 / Cell Adhesion Molecules; 0 / Eicosanoids; 0 / Fatty Acids; 0 / Ki-67 Antigen; 0 / Neoplasm Proteins; 0 / Proliferating Cell Nuclear Antigen; EC 1.14.99.1 / Cyclooxygenase 2; EC 1.14.99.1 / PTGS2 protein, human
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43. Gole B, Durán Alonso MB, Dolenc V, Lah T: Post-translational regulation of cathepsin B, but not of other cysteine cathepsins, contributes to increased glioblastoma cell invasiveness in vitro. Pathol Oncol Res; 2009 Dec;15(4):711-23
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  • Cells that migrate away from a central tumour into brain tissue are responsible for inefficient glioblastoma treatment.
  • Reportedly, the expression of cathepsins B, L and S gradually increases in the progression from benign astrocytoma to the malignant glioblastoma, although their specific roles in glioma progression have not been revealed.
  • [MeSH-major] Brain Neoplasms / metabolism. Brain Neoplasms / pathology. Cathepsin B / metabolism. Cell Movement / physiology. Glioblastoma / metabolism. Glioblastoma / pathology. Protein Biosynthesis / physiology
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Aged. Cathepsin L / metabolism. Cathepsins / metabolism. Cell Line, Tumor. Collagen / metabolism. Cystatins / metabolism. Drug Combinations. Female. Humans. Laminin / metabolism. Male. Middle Aged. Neoplasm Invasiveness / physiopathology. Proteoglycans / metabolism. Spheroids, Cellular / metabolism

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  • (PMID = 19434518.001).
  • [ISSN] 1532-2807
  • [Journal-full-title] Pathology oncology research : POR
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Pathol. Oncol. Res.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Netherlands
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Cystatins; 0 / Drug Combinations; 0 / Laminin; 0 / Proteoglycans; 119978-18-6 / matrigel; 9007-34-5 / Collagen; EC 3.4.- / Cathepsins; EC 3.4.22.1 / Cathepsin B; EC 3.4.22.15 / Cathepsin L; EC 3.4.22.27 / cathepsin S
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44. Park KJ, Kang SH, Chae YS, Yu MO, Cho TH, Suh JK, Lee HK, Chung YG: Influence of interleukin-6 on the development of peritumoral brain edema in meningiomas. J Neurosurg; 2010 Jan;112(1):73-80
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  • [Title] Influence of interleukin-6 on the development of peritumoral brain edema in meningiomas.
  • OBJECT: Peritumoral brain edema (PTBE) is associated with perioperative neurological deficits in patients with meningiomas.
  • METHODS: Thirty-six benign meningiomas obtained in 36 patients were studied retrospectively.
  • RESULTS: Peritumoral brain edema was found in 16 patients (44%).
  • Neither age, sex, histological subtype, nor tumor location were related to PTBE.
  • On immunohistochemical analysis, IL-6 protein was found localized in the cytoplasm of the tumor cells, and was detected in 12 (75%) of 16 cases of edematous meningiomas, but in only 6 (30%) of 20 nonedematous cases.
  • CONCLUSIONS: The authors' results in this study indicate that IL-6 expression may contribute to the development of brain edema associated with meningiomas.
  • [MeSH-major] Brain Edema / etiology. Brain Edema / metabolism. Brain Neoplasms / surgery. Interleukin-6 / metabolism. Meningioma / surgery. Postoperative Complications
  • [MeSH-minor] Adolescent. Adult. Aged. Aged, 80 and over. Brain / metabolism. Brain / pathology. Brain / surgery. Female. Humans. Magnetic Resonance Imaging. Male. Middle Aged. RNA, Messenger / genetics. RNA, Messenger / metabolism. Retrospective Studies. Severity of Illness Index

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  • [ErratumIn] J Neurosurg. 2010 Jan;112(1):208. Yoo, Mi-Ok [corrected to Yu, Mi-Ok]
  • (PMID = 19445568.001).
  • [ISSN] 1933-0693
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of neurosurgery
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Neurosurg.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Interleukin-6; 0 / RNA, Messenger
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45. Ali Y, Rahme R, Moussa R, Abadjian G, Menassa-Moussa L, Samaha E: Multifocal meningeal melanocytoma: a new pathological entity or the result of leptomeningeal seeding? J Neurosurg; 2009 Sep;111(3):488-91
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  • Meningeal melanocytoma is a rare benign CNS tumor derived from the leptomeningeal melanocytes.
  • Although unusual, malignant transformation with leptomeningeal seeding into the brain or spinal cord may occur years after the initial diagnosis.
  • The authors report a unique case of multifocal benign meningeal melanocytoma involving both cerebellopontine angles and the thoracic spinal cord, with associated diffuse leptomeningeal hyperpigmentation.
  • [MeSH-major] Cerebellar Neoplasms / pathology. Cerebellopontine Angle. Melanocytes / pathology. Melanoma / pathology. Meningeal Neoplasms / pathology. Neoplasm Seeding. Spinal Cord Neoplasms / pathology
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Humans. Magnetic Resonance Imaging. Male

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  • (PMID = 19361258.001).
  • [ISSN] 0022-3085
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of neurosurgery
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Neurosurg.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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46. Rachinger W, Goetz C, Pöpperl G, Gildehaus FJ, Kreth FW, Holtmannspötter M, Herms J, Koch W, Tatsch K, Tonn JC: Positron emission tomography with O-(2-[18F]fluoroethyl)-l-tyrosine versus magnetic resonance imaging in the diagnosis of recurrent gliomas. Neurosurgery; 2005 Sep;57(3):505-11; discussion 505-11
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  • Differentiation between tumor- and therapy-associated contrast enhancement on MRI scans after treatment may be difficult.
  • The aim of this study was to analyze the diagnostic value of O-(2-[F]fluoroethyl)-l-tyrosine (FET)-positron emission tomography (PET) and MRI in the detection of tumor recurrence in patients with glioma after radiotherapy, radiosurgery, or multimodal treatment.
  • METHODS: The study included 36 patients with gliomas and neuroradiological diagnosis of tumor recurrence and 9 patients who had undergone radioimmunotherapy.
  • RESULTS: Tumor recurrence was documented in 31 of 45 patients, and 14 of 45 patients were tumor free.
  • Specificity of FET-PET was 92.9%, and sensitivity was 100% (in patients suspected of having recurrent tumor as revealed by MRI).
  • CONCLUSION: For patients with gliomas undergoing multimodal treatment or various forms of irradiation, conventional follow-up with MRI is insufficient to distinguish between benign side effects of therapy and tumor recurrence.
  • [MeSH-major] Brain Neoplasms / diagnosis. Fluorine Radioisotopes. Fluorodeoxyglucose F18. Glioma / diagnosis. Magnetic Resonance Imaging / methods. Positron-Emission Tomography / methods
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Aged. Diagnosis, Differential. Female. Follow-Up Studies. Humans. Image Processing, Computer-Assisted. Male. Middle Aged. Recurrence. Retrospective Studies. Sensitivity and Specificity

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  • (PMID = 16145529.001).
  • [ISSN] 1524-4040
  • [Journal-full-title] Neurosurgery
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Neurosurgery
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Comparative Study; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Fluorine Radioisotopes; 0Z5B2CJX4D / Fluorodeoxyglucose F18
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47. Chen G, Liu XY, Wang Z, Liu FY: Vascular endothelial growth factor C: the predicator of early recurrence in patients with N2 non-small-cell lung cancer. Eur J Cardiothorac Surg; 2010 Mar;37(3):546-51
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  • METHODS: Cancer tissue samples from 92 patients with pN2 non-small-cell lung cancer and benign lung disease tissues samples from 30 patients were examined by reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) and immunohistochemistry assays to detect VEGF-C expression.
  • RESULTS: VEGF-C mRNA expression was observed in 64 (70%) pN2 lung cancer tissues, but was not found in benign lung disease tissues.
  • The main pattern was distant recurrence, and the most frequent sites were the brain and lung.
  • About one-half of the patients with N2 non-small-cell lung cancer would develop recurrence disease within 1 year after surgery, frequently with mediastinal nodes, brain or lung metastases.
  • [MeSH-major] Biomarkers, Tumor / biosynthesis. Carcinoma, Non-Small-Cell Lung / metabolism. Lung Neoplasms / metabolism. Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor C / biosynthesis
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Aged. Brain Neoplasms / secondary. Chemotherapy, Adjuvant. Epidemiologic Methods. Female. Humans. Lymphatic Metastasis. Male. Middle Aged. Neoplasm Recurrence, Local. Prognosis. RNA, Messenger / genetics. RNA, Neoplasm / genetics. Radiotherapy, Adjuvant. Reverse Transcriptase Polymerase Chain Reaction / methods

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  • [Copyright] Copyright (c) 2009 European Association for Cardio-Thoracic Surgery. Published by Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
  • (PMID = 19758816.001).
  • [ISSN] 1873-734X
  • [Journal-full-title] European journal of cardio-thoracic surgery : official journal of the European Association for Cardio-thoracic Surgery
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Eur J Cardiothorac Surg
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Germany
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Biomarkers, Tumor; 0 / RNA, Messenger; 0 / RNA, Neoplasm; 0 / VEGFC protein, human; 0 / Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor C
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48. Gallina P, Buccoliero AM, Mariotti F, Mennonna P, Di Lorenzo N: Oncocytic meningiomas: Cases with benign histopathological features and a favorable clinical course. J Neurosurg; 2006 Nov;105(5):736-8
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  • [Title] Oncocytic meningiomas: Cases with benign histopathological features and a favorable clinical course.
  • OBJECT: Oncocytic meningioma has recently been recognized as a distinct morphological variant of intracranial meningothelial neoplasms, and only a few cases have been reported in the literature.
  • The first description of this lesion, which was based on data in six cases, revealed a potentially aggressive nature with a tendency to infiltrate the brain and to recur.
  • Mitosis was also absent or exceedingly rare, and no brain cortex infiltration was observed.
  • At the last follow-up evaluation, all patients were asymptomatic and magnetic resonance imaging examinations demonstrated no evidence of tumor recurrence.
  • In fact, the histological features as well as the long-term favorable clinical course may suggest benign behavior of such neoplasms, as in the common forms of meningiomas.
  • [MeSH-major] Meningeal Neoplasms / pathology. Meningeal Neoplasms / surgery. Meningioma / pathology. Meningioma / surgery. Oxyphil Cells / physiology
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Antibodies, Antinuclear / metabolism. Antibodies, Monoclonal / metabolism. Female. Follow-Up Studies. Humans. Male. Middle Aged. Retrospective Studies. Treatment Outcome

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  • (PMID = 17121136.001).
  • [ISSN] 0022-3085
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of neurosurgery
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Neurosurg.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Antibodies, Antinuclear; 0 / Antibodies, Monoclonal; 0 / MIB-1 antibody
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49. Alkan O, Yildirim T, Kizilkiliç O, Tan M, Cekinmez M: A case of ecchordosis physaliphora presenting with an intratumoral hemorrhage. Turk Neurosurg; 2009 Jul;19(3):293-6
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  • Ecchordosis physaliphora is a rare congenital, benign, hamartomatous, retroclival mass derived from notochordal tissue that is typically located intradurally in the prepontine cistern.
  • In rare cases, ecchordosis physaliphora can be symptomatic due to tumor expansion and compression of the surrounding structures and extratumoral hemorrhage.
  • [MeSH-major] Brain Diseases / etiology. Hamartoma / complications. Notochord / pathology. Subarachnoid Hemorrhage / etiology
  • [MeSH-minor] Aspirin / adverse effects. Cranial Fossa, Posterior / pathology. Headache / drug therapy. Humans. Magnetic Resonance Imaging. Male. Platelet Aggregation Inhibitors / adverse effects. Subarachnoid Space / pathology. Young Adult

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  • (PMID = 19621298.001).
  • [ISSN] 1019-5149
  • [Journal-full-title] Turkish neurosurgery
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Turk Neurosurg
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Turkey
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Platelet Aggregation Inhibitors; R16CO5Y76E / Aspirin
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50. Cohen-Gadol AA, Geryk B, Binder DK, Tubbs RS: Conquering the third ventricular chamber. J Neurosurg; 2009 Sep;111(3):590-9
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  • The authors have reviewed the previously undisclosed efforts of Cushing to approach the third ventricle through a direct review of his available patient records at the Cushing Brain Tumor Registry.
  • The authors compare these efforts to those of Dandy published in Dandy's pioneering work Benign Tumors in the Third Ventricle of the Brain: Diagnosis and Treatment.
  • [MeSH-minor] Adolescent. Adult. Child. Female. History, 20th Century. Humans. Male. Neurosurgical Procedures / history. United States

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  • [CommentIn] J Neurosurg. 2010 May;112(5):1156-61; author reply 1161 [20345221.001]
  • (PMID = 19361257.001).
  • [ISSN] 0022-3085
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of neurosurgery
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Neurosurg.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Biography; Case Reports; Historical Article; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Personal-name-as-subject] Cushing H; Dandy W
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51. Tabernero MD, Maillo A, Gil-Bellosta CJ, Castrillo A, Sousa P, Merino M, Orfao A: Gene expression profiles of meningiomas are associated with tumor cytogenetics and patient outcome. Brain Pathol; 2009 Jul;19(3):409-20
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  • [Title] Gene expression profiles of meningiomas are associated with tumor cytogenetics and patient outcome.
  • Cytogenetic analysis is a powerful tool for predicting recurrence in meningiomas, even among histologically benign/grade I tumors.
  • Despite this, no study has been reported in which the impact of tumor cytogenetics on the gene expression profiles (GEP) has been analyzed in meningiomas.
  • Accordingly, based on the expression of 85 genes (40 of which were coded in the altered chromosomes used for patient stratification) the cytogenetic class of the tumor could be predicted with an error of <1%, a clear association being found between the GEP and patient outcome (P = 0.03) but not tumor histopathology.
  • [MeSH-major] Cytogenetic Analysis. Gene Expression Profiling. Meningeal Neoplasms / genetics. Meningioma / genetics. Neoplasm Recurrence, Local / genetics
  • [MeSH-minor] Adolescent. Adult. Aged. Aged, 80 and over. Disease-Free Survival. Female. Humans. In Situ Hybridization, Fluorescence. Kaplan-Meier Estimate. Male. Middle Aged. Oligonucleotide Array Sequence Analysis. Treatment Outcome. Young Adult

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  • (PMID = 18637901.001).
  • [ISSN] 1750-3639
  • [Journal-full-title] Brain pathology (Zurich, Switzerland)
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Brain Pathol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] Switzerland
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52. Ellert-Miklaszewska A, Grajkowska W, Gabrusiewicz K, Kaminska B, Konarska L: Distinctive pattern of cannabinoid receptor type II (CB2) expression in adult and pediatric brain tumors. Brain Res; 2007 Mar 16;1137(1):161-9
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  • [Title] Distinctive pattern of cannabinoid receptor type II (CB2) expression in adult and pediatric brain tumors.
  • The efficacy of cannabinoids against high-grade glioma in animal models, mediated by two specific receptors, CB1 and CB2, raised promises for targeted treatment of the most frequent and malignant primary brain tumors.
  • Unlike the abundantly expressed CB1, the CB2 receptor shows a restricted distribution in normal brain.
  • Although brain tumors constitute the second most common malignancy in children and the prevalence of histological types of brain tumors vary significantly between the adult and pediatric populations, cannabinoid receptor expression in pediatric tumors remains unknown.
  • In the present study, we compared the expression of the CB2 receptor in paraffin-embedded sections from primary brain tumors of adult and pediatric patients.
  • Most glioblastomas expressed very high levels of CB2 receptors and the expression correlated with tumor grade.
  • Interestingly, some benign pediatric astrocytic tumors, such as subependymal giant cell astrocytoma (SEGA), which may occasionally cause mortality owing to progressive growth, also displayed high CB2 immunoreactivity.
  • In contrast, all examined cases of embryonal tumors (medulloblastoma and S-PNET), the most frequently diagnosed malignant brain tumors in childhood, showed no or trace CB2 immunoreactivity.
  • Our results suggest that the CB2 receptor expression depends primarily on the histopathological origin of the brain tumor cells and differentiation state, reflecting the tumor grade.
  • [MeSH-major] Brain Neoplasms / metabolism. Gene Expression Regulation, Neoplastic / physiology. Receptor, Cannabinoid, CB2 / metabolism
  • [MeSH-minor] Adolescent. Adult. Age Factors. Astrocytoma / metabolism. Child. Glioblastoma / metabolism. Histocompatibility Antigens / metabolism. Humans. Immunohistochemistry. Reverse Transcriptase Polymerase Chain Reaction / methods

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  • (PMID = 17239827.001).
  • [ISSN] 0006-8993
  • [Journal-full-title] Brain research
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Brain Res.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Comparative Study; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] Netherlands
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Histocompatibility Antigens; 0 / Receptor, Cannabinoid, CB2
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53. Stein PJ: A case of cerebellopontine angle meningioma presenting with neck and upper extremity pain. J Manipulative Physiol Ther; 2009 Nov-Dec;32(9):776-80
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  • INTERVENTION AND OUTCOME: Magnetic resonance imaging studies of the neck and brain revealed a posterior fossa tumor, which was eventually diagnosed as a benign meningioma.
  • Partial surgical removal of the tumor mass was followed by radiation therapy.
  • CONCLUSION: Patients with brain lesions may present to chiropractic practices with predominantly musculoskeletal symptoms.
  • [MeSH-major] Cerebellar Neoplasms / pathology. Cerebellar Neoplasms / radiography. Cerebellopontine Angle / pathology. Cerebellopontine Angle / radiography. Meningioma / pathology. Meningioma / radiography. Neck / physiopathology. Pain / etiology. Pain / physiopathology. Upper Extremity / physiopathology
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Diagnosis, Differential. Humans. Magnetic Resonance Imaging. Male. Tomography, X-Ray Computed

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  • (PMID = 20004806.001).
  • [ISSN] 1532-6586
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of manipulative and physiological therapeutics
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Manipulative Physiol Ther
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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54. Weitzner MA, Kanfer S, Booth-Jones M: Apathy and pituitary disease: it has nothing to do with depression. J Neuropsychiatry Clin Neurosci; 2005;17(2):159-66
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  • In many ways, these patients resemble patients with other malignant brain tumors.
  • Although the majority of pituitary adenomas are benign, the physical, emotional, and cognitive changes that these patients experience on their well-being is malignant.
  • There is a growing understanding that pituitary patients may experience these emotional problems as a result of long-term effects that the pituitary tumor itself, treatment, and/or hormonal changes have on the hypothalamic-pituitary-end organ axis.
  • [MeSH-minor] Adenoma / psychology. Adenoma / surgery. Adult. Humans. Male. Middle Aged. Pituitary Neoplasms / psychology. Pituitary Neoplasms / surgery. Prolactinoma / psychology. Prolactinoma / surgery

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  • (PMID = 15939968.001).
  • [ISSN] 0895-0172
  • [Journal-full-title] The Journal of neuropsychiatry and clinical neurosciences
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Neuropsychiatry Clin Neurosci
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Number-of-references] 41
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55. Qi ZH, Li CF, Li ZF, Zhang K, Wang Q, Yu DX: Preliminary study of 3T 1H MR spectroscopy in bone and soft tissue tumors. Chin Med J (Engl); 2009 Jan 5;122(1):39-43
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  • MRS provides the biochemistry information that may be used to diagnose tumors or differentiate the malignant tumor from benign.
  • The objective of this study is to investigate the benign and malignant bone and soft tissue tumors by 1H-MR spectroscopy ((1)H-MRS) on a 3 Tesla MR scanner, then to assess the usefulness of (1)H-MRS in diagnosing bone and soft tissue tumors and distinguishing benign from malignant tumors.
  • METHODS: Fifty-six patients with bone and soft tissue tumors proved clinically and pathologically were examined with (1)H-MRS. (1)H-MRS was performed to study malignant musculoskeletal tumors, benign tumors and normal muscle adjacent to lesions to analyze the characteristics, and single-voxel point-resolved spectroscopy sequence was used.
  • Proton brain exam-single voxel of (1)H-MRS which directly appeared in the spectrum, was observed to find the peak height of choline compounds (Cho) opposite to the creatine (Cr), and whether there was a Cho peak.
  • Then according to the results, it was judged whether there existed benign or malignant tumors.
  • RESULTS: (1)H-MRS spectra style of bone and soft tissue tumors was different from that of normal muscle, and differences also existed between benign and malignant tumors.
  • Choline level in malignant tumor was markedly higher than that in benign tumors.
  • Cho/Cr in malignant tumor was higher than in benign tumor significantly (P < 0.05).
  • The true positive rate of bone and soft tissue between benign and malignant tumors was 34/36, the true negative rate was 15/18, the false positive rate was 3/18 and the false negative rate was 2/36.
  • CONCLUSIONS: The increase of Cho level measured by (1)H-MRS is related to the bone and soft tissue malignant tumor.
  • Cho/Cr in malignant tumor was higher than in benign tumor, so they will play a vital role in the diagnosis and differential diagnosis of bone and soft tissue tumors.
  • [MeSH-major] Brain Neoplasms / diagnosis. Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy / methods. Soft Tissue Neoplasms / diagnosis
  • [MeSH-minor] Adolescent. Adult. Aged. Choline / metabolism. Creatine / metabolism. Female. Humans. Magnetic Resonance Imaging. Male. Middle Aged. Young Adult

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  • (PMID = 19187615.001).
  • [ISSN] 0366-6999
  • [Journal-full-title] Chinese medical journal
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Chin. Med. J.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] China
  • [Chemical-registry-number] MU72812GK0 / Creatine; N91BDP6H0X / Choline
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56. Zhou LF, Mao Y, Zhang R: Surgical treatment of dumbbell-shaped neurinomas: report of an experience with 57 cases in a single hospital. Surg Neurol; 2007 Dec;68(6):594-602
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  • BACKGROUND: Dumbbell-shaped trigeminal neurinomas are rare benign tumors with a controversy regarding their treatment and surgical approaches.
  • METHODS: One hundred thirty-seven patients with trigeminal neurinomas, accounting for 0.6% of all intracranial tumors and 3.8% of intracranial neurinomas, were screened out from the data bank on brain tumors in Hua Shan Hospital (Shanghai, China) from 1978 to 2003.
  • After the tumor in the middle cranial fossa was resected, the tumor in the posterior fossa was resected via a suboccipital approach in the early group and through enlarged porus trigeminus without resection of the petrous apex in the latter group.
  • Tumor size measured on MRI and/or CT were 30 to 40 mm in 4 (33%) cases from the early group and 14 (31%) cases from the latter group, 41 to 50 mm in 8 (67%) cases from the early group and 25 (56%) cases from the latter group, and more than 50 mm in 6 (13%) cases from the latter group.
  • There were 3 patients in the latter group with a tumor extending into the infratemporal fossa and pterygopalatine fossa.
  • Total tumor resection was achieved in 42% (5/12) of the early group and 87% (39/45) of the latter group (chi(2) = 10.897, P < .001); incomplete tumor removal was done in 58% (7/12) of the early group and 13% (6/45) of the latter group.
  • One patient with a recurrent tumor from the latter group underwent radiosurgery 5 years after the operation.
  • It is not necessary to resect the petrous apex for removal of the tumor in the posterior fossa.
  • [MeSH-major] Cranial Nerve Neoplasms / pathology. Cranial Nerve Neoplasms / surgery. Neurilemmoma / pathology. Neurilemmoma / surgery. Trigeminal Nerve / surgery
  • [MeSH-minor] Adolescent. Adult. Aged. Follow-Up Studies. Humans. Magnetic Resonance Imaging. Middle Aged. Neurosurgical Procedures. Prognosis. Retrospective Studies. Tomography, X-Ray Computed. Treatment Outcome

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  • (PMID = 18053854.001).
  • [ISSN] 0090-3019
  • [Journal-full-title] Surgical neurology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Surg Neurol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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57. Kaynar MY, Sanus GZ, Hnimoglu H, Kacira T, Kemerdere R, Atukeren P, Gumustas K, Canbaz B, Tanriverdi T: Expression of hypoxia inducible factor-1alpha in tumors of patients with glioblastoma multiforme and transitional meningioma. J Clin Neurosci; 2008 Sep;15(9):1036-42
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  • There was no statistically significant difference between the two types of tumor (p=0.264).
  • These findings indicate that HIF-1alpha is elevated in both TM and GBM, suggesting that although hypoxia is one of the most important and powerful stimuli for HIF-1alpha elevation and consequently angiogenesis, other mechanisms may play roles in HIF-1alpha stimulation in benign brain tumors such as TM.
  • [MeSH-major] Brain Neoplasms / metabolism. Glioblastoma / metabolism. Hypoxia-Inducible Factor 1, alpha Subunit / metabolism. Meningeal Neoplasms / metabolism. Meningioma / metabolism
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Aged. Anoxia / diagnosis. Anoxia / metabolism. Anoxia / physiopathology. Biomarkers, Tumor / analysis. Biomarkers, Tumor / metabolism. Cell Hypoxia / physiology. Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay. Female. Humans. Male. Middle Aged. Neovascularization, Pathologic / etiology. Neovascularization, Pathologic / metabolism. Neovascularization, Pathologic / physiopathology. Predictive Value of Tests. Up-Regulation / physiology

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  • (PMID = 18621534.001).
  • [ISSN] 0967-5868
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of clinical neuroscience : official journal of the Neurosurgical Society of Australasia
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Clin Neurosci
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Scotland
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Biomarkers, Tumor; 0 / HIF1A protein, human; 0 / Hypoxia-Inducible Factor 1, alpha Subunit
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58. Liu AL, Wang C, Sun S, Wang M, Liu P: Gamma knife radiosurgery for tumors involving the cavernous sinus. Stereotact Funct Neurosurg; 2005;83(1):45-51
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  • RESULTS: A Hundred and forty-four (82.3%) patients were followed from 1 to 84 months (median 32.5 months); total tumor control rate was 94%.
  • Surgery was performed after radiosurgery in 3 patients because of tumor enlargement.
  • Metastatic tumor in the cavernous sinus was highly sensitive to irradiation.
  • CONCLUSION: With high tumor control rate and few complications, GK surgery could become a main option for small benign or residual tumors involving the cavernous sinus.
  • [MeSH-major] Brain Neoplasms / surgery. Cavernous Sinus / surgery. Meningeal Neoplasms / surgery. Meningioma / surgery. Neuroma / surgery. Radiosurgery
  • [MeSH-minor] Adenoma / pathology. Adenoma / surgery. Adolescent. Adult. Aged. Child. Chordoma / pathology. Chordoma / surgery. Female. Follow-Up Studies. Hemangioma, Cavernous / pathology. Hemangioma, Cavernous / surgery. Humans. Magnetic Resonance Imaging. Male. Middle Aged. Pituitary Neoplasms / pathology. Pituitary Neoplasms / surgery. Reoperation. Retrospective Studies

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  • (PMID = 15860936.001).
  • [ISSN] 1011-6125
  • [Journal-full-title] Stereotactic and functional neurosurgery
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Stereotact Funct Neurosurg
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Switzerland
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59. Gao X, Wu G, Wang Y, Jiang CC: [Diagnosis and treatment of dysembryoplastic neuroepithelial tumor]. Zhonghua Wai Ke Za Zhi; 2006 May 15;44(10):688-90
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  • [Title] [Diagnosis and treatment of dysembryoplastic neuroepithelial tumor].
  • OBJECTIVE: To discuss the diagnosis and treatment of dysembryoplastic neuroepithelial tumor (DNT).
  • CONCLUSIONS: DNT is benign tumor which could be treated by surgery, total removal of tumor and using intraoperative electrocorticography could improve the result of operation.
  • [MeSH-major] Brain Neoplasms. Neoplasms, Neuroepithelial
  • [MeSH-minor] Adolescent. Adult. Child. Child, Preschool. Epilepsy / etiology. Female. Humans. Magnetic Resonance Imaging. Male. Middle Aged. Retrospective Studies


60. Bookland MJ, Bagley CA, Schwarz J, Burger PC, Brem H: Intracavernous trigeminal ganglion amyloidoma: case report. Neurosurgery; 2007 Mar;60(3):E574; discussion E574
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  • Brain magnetic resonance imaging was acquired, demonstrating abnormal contrast enhancement and enlargement of the right trigeminal ganglion.
  • With the site of the tumor within the cavernous sinus verified by pathology, the remainder of the tumor was removed.
  • A final pathological review of the resected tumor confirmed a diagnosis of amyloidoma of the trigeminal ganglion.
  • Even in the absence of systemic signs of amyloidosis, this benign protein deposition disease should be considered in the differential for atypical dysesthesias of the trigeminal dermatomes.
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Female. Humans. Treatment Outcome

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  • (PMID = 17327767.001).
  • [ISSN] 1524-4040
  • [Journal-full-title] Neurosurgery
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Neurosurgery
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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61. Rieske P, Zakrzewska M, Biernat W, Bartkowiak J, Zimmermann A, Liberski PP: Atypical molecular background of glioblastoma and meningioma developed in a patient with Li-Fraumeni syndrome. J Neurooncol; 2005 Jan;71(1):27-30
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  • We observed three neoplasms with completely different histologies: malignant fibrous histiocytoma (MFH), atypical meningioma (AM), and glioblastoma (GB), developing in a patient with Li-Fraumeni syndrome.
  • [MeSH-major] Germ-Line Mutation. Glioblastoma / genetics. Histiocytoma, Benign Fibrous / genetics. Li-Fraumeni Syndrome / genetics. Meningioma / genetics. Neoplasms, Multiple Primary / genetics. Tumor Suppressor Protein p53 / genetics
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Brain Neoplasms / genetics. Brain Neoplasms / therapy. Chromosomes, Human, Pair 1 / genetics. Chromosomes, Human, Pair 22 / genetics. DNA / analysis. Fatal Outcome. Genetic Testing. Humans. Loss of Heterozygosity. Male. Microsatellite Repeats. Skin Neoplasms / genetics. Skin Neoplasms / therapy


62. Schramm J, Aliashkevich AF: Surgery for temporal mediobasal tumors: experience based on a series of 235 patients. Neurosurgery; 2007 Feb;60(2):285-94; discussion 294-5
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  • The largest tumor groups were astrocytomas (38.0%), gangliogliomas (29.8%), dysembryoplastic neuroepithelial tumor (11.1%), and glioblastomas (11.1%).
  • The most frequent tumor location was the mesial Type A tumor (45.1%), with this type also showing the highest proportion of benign (World Health Organization Grades I and II) histological features (91.3%).
  • Of all tumors, 76.2% were benign.
  • Larger tumor size was associated with higher frequency of malignant histopathological findings.
  • CONCLUSION: Small tumor size, magnetic resonance imaging, and microsurgery have made resection of mostly benign TMB tumors possible in a large number of patients.
  • [MeSH-major] Brain Neoplasms / surgery. Neurosurgical Procedures. Temporal Lobe / surgery
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Female. Follow-Up Studies. Humans. Male. Retrospective Studies

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  • [ReprintIn] Neurosurgery. 2008 Jun;62(6 Suppl 3):1272-82 [18695547.001]
  • (PMID = 17290179.001).
  • [ISSN] 1524-4040
  • [Journal-full-title] Neurosurgery
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Neurosurgery
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Comparative Study; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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63. Murakami M, Imahori Y, Kimura S, Tatsuzawa K, Ohwada K, Inoue Y, Sasajima H, Mineura K: Positron emission tomography elucidates transport system and tumor proliferation in meningiomas. Oncol Rep; 2005 Oct;14(4):853-9
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Positron emission tomography elucidates transport system and tumor proliferation in meningiomas.
  • To test the in vivo transport system and tumor proliferation of meningiomas, in comparison with gliomas, 25 patients with meningiomas and 8 gliomas underwent quantitative kinetic analysis of ([18F])fluoro-2-deoxy-D-glucose (FDG) - positron emission tomography (PET) imaging and immunohistochemical study.
  • Surgical specimens were evaluated by means of three different methods: i) immunoreactivity to vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) and glucose transporter-1 (Glut-1), representing the permeability of tumor vessels;.
  • K1 was higher in meningiomas than in gliomas and was higher in atypical than in benign meningiomas. k3 was correlated with MIB-1 LI in meningiomas, but not in gliomas.
  • Immunohistochemically, meningiomas were less reactive to VEGF or Glut-1 than gliomas but atypical meningiomas stained more intensely than benign meningiomas.
  • The vascular surface area was significantly larger in meningiomas than in gliomas and atypical meningiomas had high values for both permeability and surface area than benign meningiomas.
  • High values for K1 and k3 indicate the aggressive proliferation of meningiomas and, in atypical meningiomas, the synergistic interaction of the high permeability and the large surface area yielded conditions conducive to glucose metabolism and tumor proliferation.
  • Evaluation of K1 and k3 facilitates to predict the tumor aggressiveness and to optimize the surgical management.
  • [MeSH-major] Brain Neoplasms / pathology. Meningioma / pathology. Neoplasms / pathology. Positron-Emission Tomography / methods
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Aged. Biological Transport. Cell Proliferation. Female. Glioma / pathology. Glucose Transporter Type 1 / metabolism. Humans. Immunohistochemistry. Kinetics. Male. Middle Aged. Models, Statistical. Neoplasm Invasiveness. Permeability. Time Factors. Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor A / metabolism. von Willebrand Factor / metabolism

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  • (PMID = 16142342.001).
  • [ISSN] 1021-335X
  • [Journal-full-title] Oncology reports
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Oncol. Rep.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] Greece
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Glucose Transporter Type 1; 0 / Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor A; 0 / von Willebrand Factor
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64. Lah TT, Nanni I, Trinkaus M, Metellus P, Dussert C, De Ridder L, Rajcević U, Blejec A, Martin PM: Toward understanding recurrent meningioma: the potential role of lysosomal cysteine proteases and their inhibitors. J Neurosurg; 2010 May;112(5):940-50
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  • METHODS: Primary meningioma cultured spheroids were "confronted" with embryonic chick heart spheroids in vitro, and cathepsin B was used as molecular marker to immunolabel the invasive tumor cells.
  • As to the second aim, the possible association of cathepsin B along with selected molecular markers, cathepsin L, and endogenous cysteine protease inhibitors (stefins A and B and cystatin C) with meningioma malignancy was determined using enzyme-linked immunosorbent assays in tumor homogenates.
  • RESULTS: The more invasive tumors, which characteristically overgrew the normal tissue, were identified even within a group of histologically benign meningiomas.
  • More intensive staining of cathepsin B in these tumors was not only found at the tumor front, but also in the invading pseudopodia of a single migrating tumor cells.
  • As expected, WHO grade, age, and Simpson grade (complete tumor resection) were prognostic, with Simpson grade only relevant in the short term (up to 90 months) but not in longer-term follow-up.
  • Of note, the known tumor invasiveness marker cathepsin B, measured in whole-tumor homogenates, was not prognostic, in contrast to its endogenous inhibitor stefin B, which was highly significant and the only independent prognostic factor to predict meningioma relapse in multivariate analysis and reported herein for the first time.
  • [MeSH-major] Brain Neoplasms / drug therapy. Brain Neoplasms / pathology. Cysteine Proteinase Inhibitors / pharmacology. Cysteine Proteinase Inhibitors / therapeutic use. Lysosomes / drug effects. Meningioma / drug therapy. Meningioma / pathology
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Aged. Aged, 80 and over. Cathepsin B / genetics. Cystatin A / genetics. Cystatin B / genetics. Female. Gene Silencing. Humans. Male. Middle Aged. Neoplasm Recurrence, Local. Neoplasm Staging. Neurosurgical Procedures. World Health Organization. Young Adult


65. Broggi M, Darbar A, Teo C: The value of endoscopy in the total resection of pineocytomas. Neurosurgery; 2010 Sep;67(3 Suppl Operative):ons159-65
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  • The endoscope was used at various times throughout the case and consistently at the end to evaluate any possible residual tumor.
  • In 6 cases (40%), the endoscope was able to detect residual tumor located either behind the Vein of Galen or attached to the undersurface of the corpus callosum.
  • Residual tumor was then resected using a 30 degrees endoscope and dedicated angled endoscopic instruments.
  • With total removal of these histologically benign tumors patients may enjoy extended progression-free survival without adjuvant radiotherapy.
  • [MeSH-major] Brain Neoplasms / surgery. Endoscopy / methods. Neurosurgery / methods. Pineal Gland / surgery. Pinealoma / surgery. Ventriculostomy / methods
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Aged. Disease-Free Survival. Female. Humans. Longitudinal Studies. Magnetic Resonance Imaging / methods. Male. Middle Aged. Retrospective Studies. Third Ventricle / surgery

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  • (PMID = 20679933.001).
  • [ISSN] 1524-4040
  • [Journal-full-title] Neurosurgery
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Neurosurgery
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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66. Tuniz F, Soltys SG, Choi CY, Chang SD, Gibbs IC, Fischbein NJ, Adler JR Jr: Multisession cyberknife stereotactic radiosurgery of large, benign cranial base tumors: preliminary study. Neurosurgery; 2009 Nov;65(5):898-907; discussion 907
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  • [Title] Multisession cyberknife stereotactic radiosurgery of large, benign cranial base tumors: preliminary study.
  • OBJECTIVE: Although radiosurgery plays an important role in managing benign cranial base lesions, the potential for increased toxicity with single-session treatment of large tumors is a concern.
  • METHODS: Between 1999 and 2008, 34 consecutive patients with large (>15 cm), benign cranial base tumors (21 meningiomas, 9 schwannomas, 4 glomus jugulare tumors) underwent primary or postoperative radiosurgical treatment using a multisession approach at Stanford University and were considered in this retrospective study.
  • CyberKnife radiosurgery was delivered in 2 to 5 sessions (median, 3 sessions) to a median tumor volume of 19.3 cm (range, 15.8-69.3 cm).
  • CONCLUSION: Over our modest length of follow-up, multisession radiosurgery appears to be a safe and effective option for selected large, benign brain and cranial base lesions.
  • [MeSH-major] Radiosurgery / methods. Skull Base Neoplasms / surgery
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Aged. Aged, 80 and over. Female. Humans. Male. Middle Aged. Retrospective Studies. Treatment Outcome. Young Adult

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  • (PMID = 19834402.001).
  • [ISSN] 1524-4040
  • [Journal-full-title] Neurosurgery
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Neurosurgery
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] United States
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67. Bullitt E, Zeng D, Gerig G, Aylward S, Joshi S, Smith JK, Lin W, Ewend MG: Vessel tortuosity and brain tumor malignancy: a blinded study. Acad Radiol; 2005 Oct;12(10):1232-40
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  • [Title] Vessel tortuosity and brain tumor malignancy: a blinded study.
  • Characteristic vessel tortuosity abnormalities appear early during tumor development, affect initially healthy vessels, spread beyond the confines of tumor margins, and do not simply mirror tissue perfusion.
  • MATERIALS AND METHODS: The regional vasculature of 34 healthy subjects was compared with the tumor-associated vasculature of 30 brain tumors before surgical resection.
  • Vessels were segmented from an MRA of each subject, a region of interest was defined in each tumor patient and was mapped to all healthy controls, and a statistical analysis of vessel shape measures was then performed over the region of interest.
  • Many difficult cases were included, such as pinpoint, hemorrhagic, and irradiated tumors, as were hypervascular benign tumors.
  • Tumors were identified as benign or malignant on the basis of histological evaluation.
  • RESULTS: A discriminant analysis performed at the study's conclusion successfully classified all but one of the 30 tumors as benign or malignant on the basis of vessel tortuosity.

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  • [Cites] Acad Radiol. 2003 Dec;10(12):1341-8 [14697002.001]
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  • (PMID = 16179200.001).
  • [ISSN] 1076-6332
  • [Journal-full-title] Academic radiology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Acad Radiol
  • [Language] ENG
  • [Grant] United States / NIBIB NIH HHS / EB / EB000219-08A1; United States / NIBIB NIH HHS / EB / R01 EB000219-07; United States / NIBIB NIH HHS / EB / R01 EB000219-08A1; United States / NIBIB NIH HHS / EB / R01 EB000219; United States / NIBIB NIH HHS / EB / EB000219-07
  • [Publication-type] Controlled Clinical Trial; Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ NIHMS53777; NLM/ PMC2517122
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68. Xian J, Xu X, Wang Z, Yang B, Li B, Man F, Chen Q, Shi J, Zhang Y: MR imaging findings of the uveal schwannoma. AJNR Am J Neuroradiol; 2009 Apr;30(4):769-73
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  • BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Uveal schwannoma is a rare benign neoplastic proliferation of pure Schwann cells.
  • MR imaging findings of the tumor were evaluated with emphasis on the location, size, shape, margin, signal intensity, and pattern of enhancement.
  • However, with respect to the brain, uveal schwannoma demonstrated isointensity on T1WI SE images in all 6 patients, isointensity on FSE T2WI images in 5 patients, and hyperintensity on T2WI SE images in 1.
  • CONCLUSIONS: Uveal schwannoma should be included in the differential diagnosis when an oval isointense mass relative to brain is seen in the ciliochoroidal region.
  • [MeSH-major] Choroid Neoplasms / pathology. Iris Neoplasms / pathology. Magnetic Resonance Imaging. Neurilemmoma / pathology. Uveal Neoplasms / pathology
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Choroid / pathology. Ciliary Body / pathology. Diagnosis, Differential. Female. Humans. Middle Aged. Retrospective Studies. Schwann Cells / pathology. Uvea / pathology. Young Adult

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  • (PMID = 19164439.001).
  • [ISSN] 1936-959X
  • [Journal-full-title] AJNR. American journal of neuroradiology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] AJNR Am J Neuroradiol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] United States
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69. Gasco J, Franklin B, Rangel-Castilla L, Campbell GA, Eltorky M, Salinas P: Infratentorial angioleiomyoma: a new location for a rare neoplastic entity. J Neurosurg; 2009 Apr;110(4):670-4
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  • Angioleiomyomas are benign neoplasms most often located in the subcutaneous tissue of middle-aged individuals and usually confined to the subcuticular and deep dermal layers of the lower extremities.
  • An intracranial site for this tumor is exceedingly rare, with very few reports documenting locations in the neuraxis.
  • [MeSH-major] Brain Neoplasms / pathology
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Angiomyoma / pathology. Angiomyoma / radiography. Humans. Magnetic Resonance Imaging. Male. Tomography, X-Ray Computed

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  • (PMID = 19012476.001).
  • [ISSN] 0022-3085
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of neurosurgery
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Neurosurg.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Number-of-references] 17
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70. Gheri CF, Buccoliero AM, Pansini G, Castiglione F, Garbini F, Moncini D, Maccari C, Mennonna P, Pellicanò G, Ammannati F, Taddei GL: Lipoastrocytoma: Case report and review of the literature. Neuropathology; 2010 Oct;30(5):553-8
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  • Lipoastrocytoma is an extremely rare tumor, with only six cases described.
  • Subtotal excision of the tumor was accomplished.
  • Histologically the tumor showed the classical histology of low-grade astrocytoma and a portion of the lesion was composed of lipid-laden cells.
  • Our case has a benign postoperative behavior, also after subtotal excision, with restrictions due to the short follow-up.
  • It is important to record each new case of this rare tumor to produce a better characterization of this lesion.
  • [MeSH-major] Astrocytoma / pathology. Brain Neoplasms / pathology. Lipomatosis / pathology
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Brain Stem / pathology. Cerebellum / pathology. Humans. Male

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  • [Copyright] © 2010 Japanese Society of Neuropathology.
  • (PMID = 20113404.001).
  • [ISSN] 1440-1789
  • [Journal-full-title] Neuropathology : official journal of the Japanese Society of Neuropathology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Neuropathology
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] Australia
  • [Keywords] NOTNLM ; lipid vacuole / lipoastrocytoma / lipomatous / low grade astrocytoma
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71. Ali AE, Fazl M, Bilbao JM: Primary intracranial leiomyoma: a case report and literature review. Virchows Arch; 2006 Sep;449(3):382-4
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  • However, histologically, the tumor had the characteristic appearance of benign smooth muscle.
  • Benign metastasizing leiomyoma was excluded by thorough imaging.
  • [MeSH-major] Brain Neoplasms / pathology. Leiomyoma / pathology
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Biomarkers, Tumor. Brain / pathology. Calmodulin-Binding Proteins / analysis. Cytoplasmic Vesicles / ultrastructure. Female. Humans. Intermediate Filaments / ultrastructure. Magnetic Resonance Imaging

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  • [ISSN] 0945-6317
  • [Journal-full-title] Virchows Archiv : an international journal of pathology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Virchows Arch.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
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72. Burghaus S, Hölsken A, Buchfelder M, Fahlbusch R, Riederer BM, Hans V, Blümcke I, Buslei R: A tumor-specific cellular environment at the brain invasion border of adamantinomatous craniopharyngiomas. Virchows Arch; 2010 Mar;456(3):287-300
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  • [Title] A tumor-specific cellular environment at the brain invasion border of adamantinomatous craniopharyngiomas.
  • Craniopharyngiomas (CP) are benign epithelial tumors of the sellar region and can be clinicopathologically distinguished into adamantinomatous (adaCP) and papillary (papCP) variants.
  • Both subtypes are classified according to the World Health Organization grade I, but their irregular digitate brain infiltration makes any complete surgical resection difficult to obtain.
  • Herein, we characterized the cellular interface between the tumor and the surrounding brain tissue in 48 CP (41 adaCP and seven papCP) compared to non-neuroepithelial tumors, i.e., 12 cavernous hemangiomas, 10 meningiomas, and 14 metastases using antibodies directed against glial fibrillary acid protein (GFAP), vimentin, nestin, microtubule-associated protein 2 (MAP2) splice variants, and tenascin-C.
  • Furthermore, the outer tumor cell layer of adaCP showed a distinct expression of MAP2, a novel finding helpful in the differential diagnosis of epithelial tumors in the sellar region.
  • Our data support the hypothesis that adaCP, unlike other non-neuroepithelial tumors of the central nervous system, create a tumor-specific cellular environment at the tumor-brain junction.
  • [MeSH-major] Craniopharyngioma / pathology. Pituitary Neoplasms / pathology
  • [MeSH-minor] Adolescent. Adult. Aged. Biomarkers, Tumor / metabolism. Brain / metabolism. Child. Child, Preschool. Female. Gene Expression Regulation, Neoplastic. Glial Fibrillary Acidic Protein / metabolism. Humans. Intermediate Filament Proteins / metabolism. Male. Microtubule-Associated Proteins / metabolism. Middle Aged. Neoplasm Invasiveness / pathology. Neoplasm Invasiveness / physiopathology. Neoplasm Metastasis / pathology. Neoplasm Metastasis / physiopathology. Nerve Tissue Proteins / metabolism. Nestin. Tenascin / metabolism. Vimentin / metabolism

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  • (PMID = 20069432.001).
  • [ISSN] 1432-2307
  • [Journal-full-title] Virchows Archiv : an international journal of pathology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Virchows Arch.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] Germany
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Biomarkers, Tumor; 0 / Glial Fibrillary Acidic Protein; 0 / Intermediate Filament Proteins; 0 / Microtubule-Associated Proteins; 0 / NES protein, human; 0 / Nerve Tissue Proteins; 0 / Nestin; 0 / Tenascin; 0 / Vimentin
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73. Jacquin A, Béjot Y, Hervieu M, Biotti D, Caillier M, Ricolfi FC, Moreau T, Giroud M: [Rupture of intracranial dermoid cyst with disseminated lipid droplets]. Rev Neurol (Paris); 2010 Apr;166(4):451-7
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  • INTRODUCTION: Dermoid cysts are rare slow-growing benign tumors of the central nervous system generally diagnosed in the third to fifth decade.
  • CASE REPORTS: We report two cases of ruptured intracranial dermoid tumor with non-specific clinical presentations.
  • The first rupture was asymptomatic and discovered on brain magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) performed for other purposes.
  • The second case was identified on brain imaging performed because of daily headache.
  • Monitoring with brain MRI can be sufficient if the rupture has no severe clinical impact.
  • [MeSH-major] Brain Neoplasms / pathology. Dermoid Cyst / pathology. Lipid Metabolism / physiology
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Brain / pathology. Headache / etiology. Humans. Magnetic Resonance Imaging. Male. Rupture. Young Adult

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  • [Copyright] 2009 Elsevier Masson SAS. All rights reserved.
  • (PMID = 19846186.001).
  • [ISSN] 0035-3787
  • [Journal-full-title] Revue neurologique
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Rev. Neurol. (Paris)
  • [Language] fre
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] France
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74. Lui PC, Fan YS, Wong SS, Chan AN, Wong G, Chau TK, Tse GM, Cheng Y, Poon WS, Ng HK: Inflammatory pseudotumors of the central nervous system. Hum Pathol; 2009 Nov;40(11):1611-7
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  • The brain is a rare site of occurrence.
  • All 4 cases displayed typical histological features of inflammatory pseudotumor with dense lymphoplasmacytic infiltrate admixed with small number of benign-looking spindle cells in a collagenous stroma.
  • Hence, a trial of corticosteroid after histological confirmation may be valid to avoid unnecessary risk-taking neurosurgical procedures or in cases with incomplete tumor removal.
  • [MeSH-major] Brain Diseases / pathology. Granuloma, Plasma Cell / pathology
  • [MeSH-minor] Activin Receptors, Type II / biosynthesis. Adult. Female. Humans. Immunoglobulin G / immunology. Immunohistochemistry. Male. Middle Aged. Plasma Cells / immunology. Plasma Cells / pathology

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  • (PMID = 19656549.001).
  • [ISSN] 1532-8392
  • [Journal-full-title] Human pathology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Hum. Pathol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Immunoglobulin G; EC 2.7.11.30 / ACVRL1 protein, human; EC 2.7.11.30 / Activin Receptors, Type II
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75. Moradi A, Semnani V, Djam H, Tajodini A, Zali AR, Ghaemi K, Nikzad N, Madani-Civi M: Pathodiagnostic parameters for meningioma grading. J Clin Neurosci; 2008 Dec;15(12):1370-5
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  • Meningiomas are usually slow-growing benign tumors, for which complete removal can be difficult and recurrence is an issue.
  • All slides stained with hematoxylin and eosin were reviewed by two independent pathologists and all the diagnoses reconfirmed; histological anaplasia was classified according to the grading of the WHO Working Group 2000 as benign (Grade I), atypical with incipient signs of anaplasia (Grade II), or overtly anaplastic (Grade III).
  • There was no relationship between the location of the tumor and the histopathological features.
  • Histopathological study of completely resected meningiomas showed that loss of architecture, frequent mitotic figures, a high cellularity, increased nucleo-cytoplasmic ratio, a prominent nucleolus, brain invasion, and necrosis were correlated with the grade of the meningiomas.
  • Overall, the mitotic count was the most important marker for tumor grade.
  • [MeSH-major] Meningeal Neoplasms / diagnosis. Meningioma / diagnosis
  • [MeSH-minor] Adolescent. Adult. Aged. Child. Female. Humans. Iran. Magnetic Resonance Imaging. Male. Middle Aged. Retrospective Studies. Ubiquitin-Protein Ligases / metabolism. X-Ray Microtomography. Young Adult

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  • (PMID = 18819804.001).
  • [ISSN] 0967-5868
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of clinical neuroscience : official journal of the Neurosurgical Society of Australasia
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Clin Neurosci
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Scotland
  • [Chemical-registry-number] EC 6.3.2.19 / MIB1 ligase, human; EC 6.3.2.19 / Ubiquitin-Protein Ligases
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76. Yu AH, Chen L, Li YJ, Zhang GJ, Li KC, Wang YP: Dysembryoplastic neuroepithelial tumors: magnetic resonance imaging and magnetic resonance spectroscopy evaluation. Chin Med J (Engl); 2009 Oct 20;122(20):2433-7
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  • BACKGROUND: Dysembryoplastic neuroepithelial tumor (DNT) is a rare benign neoplasm of the central nervous system affecting young people.
  • [MeSH-major] Brain Neoplasms / pathology. Magnetic Resonance Imaging / methods. Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy / methods. Neoplasms, Neuroepithelial / pathology
  • [MeSH-minor] Adolescent. Adult. Child. Child, Preschool. Female. Humans. Infant. Male. Retrospective Studies. Young Adult

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  • (PMID = 20079155.001).
  • [ISSN] 0366-6999
  • [Journal-full-title] Chinese medical journal
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Chin. Med. J.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] China
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77. Propp JM, McCarthy BJ, Davis FG, Preston-Martin S: Descriptive epidemiology of vestibular schwannomas. Neuro Oncol; 2006 Jan;8(1):1-11
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  • Vestibular schwannomas, commonly termed acoustic neuromas, arise from the vestibular branch of the eighth cranial nerve (acoustic nerve) and are benign, slow-growing brain tumors that negatively impact patient quality of life.
  • To describe incidence rate patterns and trends of primary nerve sheath tumors of the brain/CNS and the subset of vestibular schwannomas in two population-based incidence registries, data were obtained from 11 Central Brain Tumor Registry of the United States (CBTRUS) collaborating state registries and the Los Angeles County Cancer Surveillance Program (LACCSP) (1975-1998).
  • Multiplicative Poisson regression models were used to compare trends in primary nerve sheath tumors of the brain/CNS overall and in subgroups, including vestibular schwannomas, controlling for age, gender, race, microscopic confirmation, and region.
  • The overall incidence of primary nerve sheath tumors of the brain/CNS was 1.1 per 100,000 person-years (CBTRUS, 1995-1999 and LACCSP, 1995-1998).
  • Moreover, the incidence of primary nerve sheath tumors of the brain/CNS overall (CBTRUS, 1985-1999 and LACCSP, 1975-1998) and of vestibular schwannomas (CBTRUS, 1992-1999 and LACCSP, 1992-1998) increased over time.
  • However, the incidence of benign schwannomas in sites other than the acoustic nerve either decreased (CBTRUS, 1992-1999) or experienced no significant change (LACCSP, 1992-1998).
  • [MeSH-minor] Adolescent. Adult. Aged. Child. Child, Preschool. Female. Humans. Infant. Infant, Newborn. Male. Middle Aged

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  • (PMID = 16443943.001).
  • [ISSN] 1522-8517
  • [Journal-full-title] Neuro-oncology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Neuro-oncology
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
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  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC1871924
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78. Garraway IP, Sun W, Tran CP, Perner S, Zhang B, Goldstein AS, Hahm SA, Haider M, Head CS, Reiter RE, Rubin MA, Witte ON: Human prostate sphere-forming cells represent a subset of basal epithelial cells capable of glandular regeneration in vivo. Prostate; 2010 Apr 1;70(5):491-501
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  • They may be targets for tumor initiation, so characterization of these cells may have therapeutic implications.
  • RESULTS: Prostate tissue specimens were heterogeneous, containing both benign and malignant (Gleason 3-5) glands.
  • Subpopulations of prostate cells expressing tumor-associated calcium signal transducer 2 (Trop2), CD44, and CD49f preferentially formed spheres.
  • The TMPRSS-ERG fusion was absent in prostaspheres derived from fusion-positive tumor tissue, suggesting a survival/growth advantage of benign prostate epithelial cells.

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  • [Copyright] (c) 2009 Wiley-Liss, Inc.
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  • (PMID = 19938015.001).
  • [ISSN] 1097-0045
  • [Journal-full-title] The Prostate
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Prostate
  • [Language] ENG
  • [Grant] United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / CA-16042; United States / NIAID NIH HHS / AI / AI-28697; United States / NHGRI NIH HHS / HG / F31 HG000117; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / P30 CA016042; United States / NHGRI NIH HHS / HG / HG000117-05; United States / NIAID NIH HHS / AI / P30 AI028697; United States / NHGRI NIH HHS / HG / F31 HG000117-05
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / AC133 antigen; 0 / Antigens, CD; 0 / Antigens, CD44; 0 / CD44 protein, human; 0 / Glycoproteins; 0 / Integrin alpha6; 0 / Oncogene Proteins, Fusion; 0 / Peptides; 0 / TMPRSS2-ERG fusion protein, human
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ NIHMS187861; NLM/ PMC2885946
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79. Aqueveque A C, González E P, Gutiérrez B D, Jaimovich F R, Díaz P JC, Csendes G P, Orellana P P, Lavados M H, Alliende G I, Araya L S: [Fusion of SPECT with computed tomography or magnetic resonance for the interpretation of abnormal tracer uptake]. Rev Med Chil; 2007 Jun;135(6):725-34
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  • These were classified before and after the fusion as probably malignant or probably benign.
  • Therefore the suspicion of malignancy was presumptively confirmed in 72% of foci and fusion results would have reached a 27% of incremental diagnostic value in 14 cases that changed of category (11 with differentiated thyroid carcinoma, one with colorectal cancer, one with a nasal Ewing sarcoma and one with a brain tumor).
  • [MeSH-major] Carcinoma / diagnosis. Magnetic Resonance Imaging / methods. Radiopharmaceuticals. Thyroid Neoplasms / diagnosis. Tomography, Emission-Computed, Single-Photon / methods. Tomography, X-Ray Computed / methods
  • [MeSH-minor] Adolescent. Adult. Aged. Child. Child, Preschool. Female. Humans. Image Enhancement / methods. Iodine Radioisotopes. Male. Middle Aged. Retrospective Studies. Sensitivity and Specificity. Subtraction Technique. Technetium Tc 99m Medronate

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  • (PMID = 17728898.001).
  • [ISSN] 0034-9887
  • [Journal-full-title] Revista médica de Chile
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Rev Med Chil
  • [Language] spa
  • [Publication-type] English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Chile
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Iodine Radioisotopes; 0 / Radiopharmaceuticals; X89XV46R07 / Technetium Tc 99m Medronate
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80. Carlson ML, Babovic-Vuksanovic D, Messiaen L, Scheithauer BW, Neff BA, Link MJ: Radiation-induced rhabdomyosarcoma of the brainstem in a patient with neurofibromatosis type 2. J Neurosurg; 2010 Jan;112(1):81-7
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  • Neurofibromatosis Type 2 (NF2) is a rare autosomal dominant disorder characterized by the development of benign tumors of the peripheral nervous system and the CNS, including schwannomas, meningiomas, and ependymomas.
  • The gene responsible for the development of NF2 acts as a tumor suppressor gene.
  • Stereotactic radiotherapy (SRT) or single-fraction stereotactic radiosurgery has been increasingly used in the past decades to treat benign tumors in patients with NF2.
  • Compared with patients with sporadic tumors, NF2 patients having a germline tumor suppressor gene defect may be more prone to secondary malignancies after treatment involving radiation therapy.
  • [MeSH-major] Brain Stem Neoplasms / etiology. Neoplasms, Radiation-Induced / etiology. Neoplasms, Second Primary / etiology. Neurofibromatosis 2 / surgery. Radiosurgery / adverse effects. Rhabdomyosarcoma / etiology
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Brain Neoplasms / etiology. Brain Neoplasms / surgery. Brain Stem / pathology. Brain Stem / radiation effects. Brain Stem / surgery. Ear Neoplasms / etiology. Ear Neoplasms / surgery. Fatal Outcome. Female. Humans. Neurilemmoma / etiology. Neurilemmoma / surgery. Vestibular Diseases / etiology. Vestibular Diseases / surgery

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  • [ErratumIn] J Neurosurg. 2010 Jan;112(1):209. Scheithauer, Bernd B [corrected to Scheithauer, Bernd W]
  • (PMID = 19575577.001).
  • [ISSN] 1933-0693
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of neurosurgery
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Neurosurg.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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81. Sanchez-Mejia RO, Pham DN, Prados M, Tihan T, Cha S, El-Sayed I, McDermott MW: Management of a sporadic malignant subfrontal peripheral nerve sheath tumor. J Neurooncol; 2006 Jan;76(2):165-9
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  • [Title] Management of a sporadic malignant subfrontal peripheral nerve sheath tumor.
  • Brain-imaging studies revealed a large left subfrontal mass with extension into the frontal and ethmoid sinuses and the nasal cavity.
  • Subfrontal PNSTs are extremely rare and usually benign.
  • Our case shows that these rare lesions can present as a malignant variant and thus require aggressive surgical and postoperative management to provide long-term tumor control.
  • [MeSH-major] Brain Neoplasms / pathology. Nerve Sheath Neoplasms / pathology
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Craniotomy. Female. Headache / etiology. Humans. Magnetic Resonance Imaging. Neurosurgical Procedures. Olfaction Disorders / etiology. Tomography, X-Ray Computed

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  • [ISSN] 0167-594X
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of neuro-oncology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Neurooncol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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82. Pérez-Magán E, Rodríguez de Lope A, Ribalta T, Ruano Y, Campos-Martín Y, Pérez-Bautista G, García JF, García-Claver A, Fiaño C, Hernández-Moneo JL, Mollejo M, Meléndez B: Differential expression profiling analyses identifies downregulation of 1p, 6q, and 14q genes and overexpression of 6p histone cluster 1 genes as markers of recurrence in meningiomas. Neuro Oncol; 2010 Dec;12(12):1278-90
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  • The majority of meningiomas are probably benign but a number of tumors display considerable histological and/or clinical aggressivity, sometimes with unexpectedly high recurrence rates after radical removal.
  • [MeSH-major] Chromosomes, Human, Pair 1 / genetics. Chromosomes, Human, Pair 14 / genetics. Chromosomes, Human, Pair 6 / genetics. Histones / genetics. Meningeal Neoplasms / genetics. Meningioma / genetics. Neoplasm Recurrence, Local / genetics
  • [MeSH-minor] Adolescent. Adult. Aged. Aged, 80 and over. Biomarkers, Tumor / genetics. Biomarkers, Tumor / metabolism. Female. Gene Expression Profiling. Humans. Immunoenzyme Techniques. In Situ Hybridization, Fluorescence. Male. Middle Aged. Oligonucleotide Array Sequence Analysis. Prognosis. Survival Rate. Young Adult

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  • (PMID = 20685720.001).
  • [ISSN] 1523-5866
  • [Journal-full-title] Neuro-oncology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Neuro-oncology
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Biomarkers, Tumor; 0 / Histones
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC3018937
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83. Kravets LIa, Trofimov AO: [Delayed surgical operations in benign supratentorial gliomas]. Zh Vopr Neirokhir Im N N Burdenko; 2009 Jan-Mar;(1):24-8
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  • [Title] [Delayed surgical operations in benign supratentorial gliomas].
  • Benign gliomas are slowly growing primary brain tumors with prolonged natural course and tendency to malignization.
  • The paper describes results of treatment of 19 patients with benign supratentorial gliomas.
  • Aspects of volume evolution and surgical excision of tumor are highlighted.
  • [MeSH-major] Glioma / surgery. Neurosurgical Procedures / methods. Supratentorial Neoplasms / surgery
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Female. Humans. Male. Middle Aged. Time Factors. Treatment Outcome

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  • (PMID = 19505027.001).
  • [ISSN] 0042-8817
  • [Journal-full-title] Zhurnal voprosy neĭrokhirurgii imeni N. N. Burdenko
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Zh Vopr Neirokhir Im N N Burdenko
  • [Language] rus
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Russia (Federation)
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84. Hasegawa M, Fujisawa H, Hayashi Y, Yamashita J, Suzuki M, Matsui O: CT arteriography for orbital tumors: diagnostic and surgical value. J Clin Neurosci; 2005 Jun;12(5):548-52
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  • Among 35 consecutive cases with various orbital lesions, those cases showing tumor staining or pooling of the contrast medium on digital subtraction angiography (DSA) were evaluated by CT-arteriography (n = 14).
  • Patterns of CT-arteriography were categorized into three subgroups: homogeneous enhancement (benign lymphoid lesion), partial enhancement (schwannomas and carcinomas), and patchy multinodular enhancement (specific for cavernous angiomas).
  • CT-arteriography, with a minimal dose of contrast medium, can offer significant advantages over intravenously injected dynamic neuroimaging, and provides additional valuable preoperative information about the orbital tumor under investigation.
  • [MeSH-major] Ophthalmic Artery / pathology. Ophthalmic Artery / radiography. Orbit / pathology. Orbit / radiography. Orbital Neoplasms / blood supply. Orbital Neoplasms / radiography. Tomography, X-Ray Computed / trends
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Aged. Angiography / methods. Angiography / trends. Brain Neoplasms / blood supply. Brain Neoplasms / pathology. Brain Neoplasms / radiography. Carcinoma / blood supply. Carcinoma / pathology. Carcinoma / radiography. Contrast Media / standards. Diagnosis, Differential. Female. Hemangioma, Cavernous / blood supply. Hemangioma, Cavernous / pathology. Hemangioma, Cavernous / radiography. Humans. Lacrimal Apparatus / blood supply. Lacrimal Apparatus / pathology. Lacrimal Apparatus / radiography. Male. Middle Aged. Neurilemmoma / blood supply. Neurilemmoma / pathology. Neurilemmoma / radiography. Optic Nerve Neoplasms / blood supply. Optic Nerve Neoplasms / pathology. Optic Nerve Neoplasms / radiography. Predictive Value of Tests

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  • (PMID = 15982890.001).
  • [ISSN] 0967-5868
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of clinical neuroscience : official journal of the Neurosurgical Society of Australasia
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Clin Neurosci
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Scotland
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Contrast Media
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85. Marie SK, Okamoto OK, Uno M, Hasegawa AP, Oba-Shinjo SM, Cohen T, Camargo AA, Kosoy A, Carlotti CG Jr, Toledo S, Moreira-Filho CA, Zago MA, Simpson AJ, Caballero OL: Maternal embryonic leucine zipper kinase transcript abundance correlates with malignancy grade in human astrocytomas. Int J Cancer; 2008 Feb 15;122(4):807-15
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  • We have performed cDNA microarray analyses to identify gene expression differences between highly invasive glioblastoma multiforme (GBM) and typically benign pilocytic astrocytomas (PA).
  • Despite the significant clinical and pathological differences between the 2 tumor types, only 63 genes were found to exhibit 2-fold or greater overexpression in GBM as compared to PA.
  • Among them, MELK correlated with malignancy grade in astrocytomas and represents a therapeutic target for the management of the most frequent brain tumors in adult and children.
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Apoptosis. Brain / metabolism. Brain Neoplasms / genetics. Brain Neoplasms / pathology. Cell Proliferation. Child. DNA Methylation. Gene Dosage. Humans. Oligonucleotide Array Sequence Analysis. Promoter Regions, Genetic. RNA, Small Interfering / pharmacology. Reverse Transcriptase Polymerase Chain Reaction. Tumor Cells, Cultured

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  • [Copyright] (c) 2007 Wiley-Liss, Inc.
  • (PMID = 17960622.001).
  • [ISSN] 1097-0215
  • [Journal-full-title] International journal of cancer
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Int. J. Cancer
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / RNA, Small Interfering; EC 2.7.1.- / MELK protein, human; EC 2.7.11.1 / Protein-Serine-Threonine Kinases
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86. Pauleit D, Stoffels G, Bachofner A, Floeth FW, Sabel M, Herzog H, Tellmann L, Jansen P, Reifenberger G, Hamacher K, Coenen HH, Langen KJ: Comparison of (18)F-FET and (18)F-FDG PET in brain tumors. Nucl Med Biol; 2009 Oct;36(7):779-87
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  • [Title] Comparison of (18)F-FET and (18)F-FDG PET in brain tumors.
  • The purpose of this study was to compare the diagnostic value of positron emission tomography (PET) using [(18)F]-fluorodeoxyglucose ((18)F-FDG) and O-(2-[(18)F]fluoroethyl)-l-tyrosine ((18)F-FET) in patients with brain lesions suspicious of cerebral gliomas.
  • RESULTS: Histology revealed 24 low-grade gliomas (LGG) of World Health Organization (WHO) Grade II and 19 high-grade gliomas (HGG) of WHO Grade III or IV, as well as nine others, mainly benign histologies.
  • The gliomas showed increased (18)F-FET uptake (>normal brain) in 86% and increased (18)F-FDG uptake (>white matter) in 35%. (18)F-FET PET provided diagnostically useful delineation of tumor extent while this was impractical with (18)F-FDG due to high tracer uptake in the gray matter.
  • A local maximum in the tumor area for biopsy guidance could be identified with (18)F-FET in 76% and with (18)F-FDG in 28%.
  • In some benign lesions like abscesses, increased uptake was observed for both tracers indicating a limited specificity of both techniques.
  • The uptake of (18)F-FDG is associated with prognosis, but the predictive value is limited and a histological evaluation of tumor tissue remains necessary.
  • [MeSH-major] Brain Neoplasms / radionuclide imaging. Fluorodeoxyglucose F18. Positron-Emission Tomography / methods. Tyrosine / analogs & derivatives
  • [MeSH-minor] Adolescent. Aged. Female. Follow-Up Studies. Humans. Male. Middle Aged. Prospective Studies. Young Adult

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  • (PMID = 19720290.001).
  • [ISSN] 1872-9614
  • [Journal-full-title] Nuclear medicine and biology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Nucl. Med. Biol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Clinical Trial; Comparative Study; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / O-(2-fluoroethyl)tyrosine; 0Z5B2CJX4D / Fluorodeoxyglucose F18; 42HK56048U / Tyrosine
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87. Boviatsis EJ, Bouras TI, Kouyialis AT, Themistocleous MS, Sakas DE: Impact of age on complications and outcome in meningioma surgery. Surg Neurol; 2007 Oct;68(4):407-11; discussion 411
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  • BACKGROUND: Surgery for benign brain tumors in elderly patients without severe general health problems is an acceptable practice, as results are comparable with the ones of younger patients.
  • Tumor removal rate was not significantly different in the 2 groups.
  • Regarding each complication, postoperative hematoma, infections, and deep vein thrombosis were more frequent in elderly patients, presenting various degrees of statistical significance, whereas postoperative brain edema, hydrocephalus, and cardiorespiratory incidents presented no statistically significant difference.
  • [MeSH-major] Meningioma / surgery. Postoperative Complications / epidemiology. Supratentorial Neoplasms / surgery
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Age Factors. Aged. Aged, 80 and over. Cerebral Hemorrhage / etiology. Craniotomy. Female. Follow-Up Studies. Humans. Male. Middle Aged. Nervous System Diseases / epidemiology. Neurosurgical Procedures. Retrospective Studies. Treatment Outcome

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  • (PMID = 17586023.001).
  • [ISSN] 0090-3019
  • [Journal-full-title] Surgical neurology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Surg Neurol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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88. Liu J, Zheng S, Yu JK, Yu XB, Liu WG, Zhang JM, Hu X: [Establishment of diagnostic model of cerebrospinal protein fingerprint pattern for glioma and its clinical application]. Zhejiang Da Xue Xue Bao Yi Xue Ban; 2005 Mar;34(2):141-7
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  • METHODS: Seventy-five samples of cerebrospinal fluid from patients with gliomas, benign brain tumors and mild brain traumas were collected.
  • A total of 50 samples from gliomas and non-brain-tumors were divided into training sets (33 cases including 17 gliomas and 16 non-brain-tumors) and testing sets (17 cases including 5 gliomas and 12 non-brain-tumors).
  • The cerebrospinal proteins bound to H4 chip were detected by SELDI-TOF MS, the profiles of cerebrospinal protein were gained and then analyzed with artificial neural network algorithm (ANN); and the diagnostic model of cerebrospinal protein profiles for differentiating gliomas from non-brain-tumors was established.
  • Forty-seven of cerebrospinal samples of gliomas and benign brain tumors were divided into training sets (31 cases including 13 gliomas and 18 benign brain tumors) and testing sets (16 cases including 9 gliomas and 7 benign brain tumors), the diagnostic model of cerebrospinal protein profiles for differentiating gliomas from benign brain tumors was established based on the same method.
  • RESULT: The diagnostic model of cerebrospinal protein profiles for differentiating gliomas from non-brain-tumors was established and was challenged with the test set randomly, the sensitivity and specificity were 100% and 91.7%, respectively.
  • The cerebrospinal protein profiling model for differentiating gliomas from benign brain tumors was also developed and was challenged with the test set randomly, the sensitivity and specificity were 88.9%, and 100%, respectively.
  • CONCLUSION: The technology of SELDI-TOF MS which combined with analysis tools of bioinformatics is a novel effective method for screening and identifying tumor biomarkers of gliomas and it may provide a new approach for the clinical diagnosis of glioma.
  • [MeSH-major] Brain Neoplasms / cerebrospinal fluid. Cerebrospinal Fluid Proteins / genetics. Glioma / cerebrospinal fluid. Peptide Mapping / standards
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Aged. Algorithms. Biomarkers, Tumor. Diagnosis, Differential. Female. Humans. Male. Meningioma / cerebrospinal fluid. Meningioma / diagnosis. Middle Aged. Neural Networks (Computer). Sensitivity and Specificity. Spectrometry, Mass, Matrix-Assisted Laser Desorption-Ionization

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  • (PMID = 15812888.001).
  • [ISSN] 1008-9292
  • [Journal-full-title] Zhejiang da xue xue bao. Yi xue ban = Journal of Zhejiang University. Medical sciences
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Zhejiang Da Xue Xue Bao Yi Xue Ban
  • [Language] chi
  • [Publication-type] English Abstract; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] China
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Biomarkers, Tumor; 0 / Cerebrospinal Fluid Proteins
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89. Feng Y, Yang ZG, Chen T, Wang Q, Deng W: Giant plexiform neurofibroma with hemorrhage in cranio-maxillofacial region as depicted on CT and MRI. Eur J Med Res; 2010 Feb 26;15(2):84-7
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  • Plexiform neurofibroma (PN) is a rare benign tumor and a special subtype of neurofibromatosis type 1 (NF1).
  • [MeSH-major] Hemorrhage / diagnosis. Maxillary Neoplasms / diagnosis. Neurofibroma, Plexiform / diagnosis
  • [MeSH-minor] Humans. Magnetic Resonance Imaging. Male. Tomography, X-Ray Computed. Treatment Outcome. Young Adult

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  • (PMID = 20452890.001).
  • [ISSN] 0949-2321
  • [Journal-full-title] European journal of medical research
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Eur. J. Med. Res.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Germany
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC3352051
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90. Aggarwal S, Subberwal M, Kumar S, Sharma M: Brain tumor and role of beta-carotene, a-tocopherol, superoxide dismutase and glutathione peroxidase. J Cancer Res Ther; 2006 Jan-Mar;2(1):24-7
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  • [Title] Brain tumor and role of beta-carotene, a-tocopherol, superoxide dismutase and glutathione peroxidase.
  • The erythrocyte levels of the antioxidant enzymes SOD and GPx, and serum levels of antioxidants vitamins beta-carotene and beta-tocopherol were estimated in various types of brain tumors, and were compared with the levels in controls.
  • Statistically significant (P<.001) diminished levels of beta-carotene, beta-tocopherol, SOD and GPx, were observed in all the brain tumor patients as compared to controls.
  • Malignant tumor also showed a relative decrease in antioxidant levels as compared to benign tumors.
  • Comparison of histopathological sections of brain tumors also suggested a inverse relationship between antioxidant level and grades of malignancy.
  • Marked decrease in antioxidant levels may have a role in genesis of considerable oxidative stress in brain tumors.
  • Furthermore, the degree of decline in antioxidant levels may indicate severity of malignancy in brain tumors.
  • [MeSH-major] Antioxidants / analysis. Brain Neoplasms / blood. Glutathione Peroxidase / blood. Superoxide Dismutase / blood. alpha-Tocopherol / blood. beta Carotene / blood
  • [MeSH-minor] Adolescent. Adult. Aged. Brain Chemistry / physiology. Child. Female. Humans. Male. Middle Aged. Oxidative Stress / physiology

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  • (PMID = 17998669.001).
  • [ISSN] 1998-4138
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of cancer research and therapeutics
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Cancer Res Ther
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] India
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Antioxidants; 01YAE03M7J / beta Carotene; EC 1.11.1.9 / Glutathione Peroxidase; EC 1.15.1.1 / Superoxide Dismutase; H4N855PNZ1 / alpha-Tocopherol
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91. Jang SW, Kim SJ, Kim SM, Lee JH, Choi CG, Lee DH, Kim EJ, Lee JK: MR spectroscopy and perfusion MR imaging findings of intracranial foreign body granuloma: a case report. Korean J Radiol; 2010 May-Jun;11(3):359-63
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  • We report a case of intracranial foreign body granuloma that showed features of a high grade tumor on magnetic resonance (MR) imaging.
  • The results suggest that the lesion is benign in nature.
  • [MeSH-major] Brain / pathology. Echo-Planar Imaging / methods. Granuloma, Foreign-Body / pathology. Magnetic Resonance Angiography / methods. Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy / methods
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Blood Volume. Contrast Media. Diagnosis, Differential. Female. Follow-Up Studies. Gadolinium. Humans. Image Enhancement / methods

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  • (PMID = 20461191.001).
  • [ISSN] 2005-8330
  • [Journal-full-title] Korean journal of radiology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Korean J Radiol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Korea (South)
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Contrast Media; AU0V1LM3JT / Gadolinium
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC2864864
  • [Keywords] NOTNLM ; Magnetic resonance (MR), brain / Magnetic resonance (MR), perfusion / Magnetic resonance (MR), pseudotumor / Magnetic resonance (MR), spectroscopy
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92. Büchler T, Vorzilková E, Koukolík F, Melínova H, Abrahámová J: [Malignant subtype of cystosarcoma phyllodes with brain metastases]. Klin Onkol; 2010;23(6):446-8
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  • [Title] [Malignant subtype of cystosarcoma phyllodes with brain metastases].
  • Benign, borderline, and malignant subtypes have been described.
  • Partial regression of a brain metastasis was achieved using radiotherapy but the patient later died due to widespread metastatic disease which was uncontrollable by systemic chemotherapy.
  • [MeSH-major] Brain Neoplasms / secondary. Breast Neoplasms / pathology. Phyllodes Tumor / secondary
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Female. Humans

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  • (PMID = 21351423.001).
  • [ISSN] 0862-495X
  • [Journal-full-title] Klinická onkologie : casopis Ceské a Slovenské onkologické spolecnosti
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Klin Onkol
  • [Language] cze
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Czech Republic
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93. Keita M, Kampo MI, Timbo SK, Traoré CB, Diallo M, Doumbia-Singaré K, Ag Mohamed A: [Morbidity of the tumours of the sphere head and neck in Bamako]. Mali Med; 2009;24(3):1-6
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  • Where excluded from the study the patients whose file were not completed and those that have had eye and brain tumours From the data base of the department, a total of 60 cases of tumours were monitored and 25 others cases were excluded according to the criteria.
  • Among the 60 cases, 24 tumours (40%) were malign and 36 were benign.
  • Goiter was the most found benign tumor according to the results of the hystology analysis.
  • [MeSH-major] Head and Neck Neoplasms
  • [MeSH-minor] Adolescent. Adult. Child. Female. Humans. Male. Mali. Middle Aged. Young Adult

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  • (PMID = 20093222.001).
  • [ISSN] 1993-0836
  • [Journal-full-title] Le Mali médical
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Mali Med
  • [Language] fre
  • [Publication-type] English Abstract; Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] Mali
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94. Rozmovits L, Khu KJ, Osman S, Gentili F, Guha A, Bernstein M: Information gaps for patients requiring craniotomy for benign brain lesion: a qualitative study. J Neurooncol; 2010 Jan;96(2):241-7
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  • [Title] Information gaps for patients requiring craniotomy for benign brain lesion: a qualitative study.
  • Twenty-five semi-structured interviews were conducted with ambulatory adult patients who had undergone surgery for a benign brain tumor, arteriovenous malformation, or unruptured aneurysm.

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  • (PMID = 19575147.001).
  • [ISSN] 1573-7373
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of neuro-oncology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Neurooncol.
  • [Language] ENG
  • [Grant] Canada / Canadian Institutes of Health Research / / MOP 77670
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC2808535
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95. Fassett DR, Pingree J, Kestle JR: The high incidence of tumor dissemination in myxopapillary ependymoma in pediatric patients. Report of five cases and review of the literature. J Neurosurg; 2005 Jan;102(1 Suppl):59-64
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  • [Title] The high incidence of tumor dissemination in myxopapillary ependymoma in pediatric patients. Report of five cases and review of the literature.
  • Myxopapillary ependymomas (MPEs) have historically been thought to be benign tumors occurring most frequently in adults.
  • Only 8 to 20% of these tumors occur in the first two decades of life, making this tumor a rarity in pediatric neurosurgery.
  • Four (80%) of these five patients suffered from disseminated disease of the central nervous system (CNS) at the time of presentation; this incidence is much higher than that reported in the combined adult and pediatric literature.
  • In those cases in which patients underwent screening for CNS tumor dissemination, however, the incidence of disseminated disease was 58% (seven of 12 patients).
  • In pediatric patients MPEs may spread throughout the CNS via cerebrospinal fluid pathways; therefore, MR imaging of the entire CNS axis is recommended at both presentation and follow-up review to detect tumor dissemination.
  • [MeSH-major] Brain Neoplasms / secondary. Ependymoma / pathology. Ependymoma / secondary. Neoplasm Metastasis. Spinal Cord Neoplasms / pathology


96. Bianco Ade M, Madeira LV, Rosemberg S, Shibata MK: Cortical seeding of a craniopharyngioma after craniotomy: Case report. Surg Neurol; 2006 Oct;66(4):437-40; discussion 440
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  • A left frontotemporal craniotomy was done with subtotal resection of the tumor because it was strongly adhered to the optic chiasm.
  • Magnetic resonance imaging revealed a contrast-enhancing tumor with cystic and solid components on the left temporal lobe cortex.
  • The primary tumor bed was intact.
  • The patient was reoperated, and the temporal lobe tumor was totally removed.
  • CONCLUSIONS: Although craniopharyngiomas exhibit a benign histopathologic pattern, a total resection combined with careful inspection and irrigation of the surgical field is the optimal treatment for preventing local and ectopic recurrences.
  • [MeSH-major] Brain Neoplasms / secondary. Craniopharyngioma / secondary. Neoplasm Seeding. Pituitary Neoplasms / pathology. Temporal Lobe / pathology
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Craniotomy. Female. Humans. Magnetic Resonance Imaging. Neoplasm Recurrence, Local. Neurosurgical Procedures / methods. Neurosurgical Procedures / standards. Optic Chiasm / pathology. Optic Chiasm / physiopathology. Seizures / etiology. Seizures / physiopathology. Treatment Outcome. Vision, Low / etiology. Vision, Low / physiopathology


97. Majores M, von Lehe M, Fassunke J, Schramm J, Becker AJ, Simon M: Tumor recurrence and malignant progression of gangliogliomas. Cancer; 2008 Dec 15;113(12):3355-63
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  • [Title] Tumor recurrence and malignant progression of gangliogliomas.
  • BACKGROUND: Most gangliogliomas (GGs) are benign tumors, but tumor recurrence and malignant progression are observed in some patients.
  • Secondary glioblastomas were diagnosed in 5 of 11 patients (45%) who underwent surgery for tumor recurrence.
  • Neuropathologic examination revealed the presence of a gemistocytic cell component (PFS, P = .025), a lack of protein droplets (OS, P = .04; PFS, P = .05), and focal tumor cell-associated CD34 immunolabeling (OS, P = .03) as significant predictors of an adverse clinical course.
  • [MeSH-major] Brain Neoplasms / pathology. Ganglioglioma / pathology
  • [MeSH-minor] Adolescent. Adult. Child. Child, Preschool. Disease Progression. Epilepsy / epidemiology. Female. Humans. Infant. Magnetic Resonance Imaging. Male. Middle Aged. Neoplasm Recurrence, Local. Survival Analysis

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  • (PMID = 18988291.001).
  • [ISSN] 0008-543X
  • [Journal-full-title] Cancer
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Cancer
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] United States
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98. Roche PH, Mercier P, Sameshima T, Fournier HD: Surgical anatomy of the jugular foramen. Adv Tech Stand Neurosurg; 2008;33:233-63
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  • The jugular foramen (JF) is a canal that makes communication between the posterior cranial fossa and the upper neck for one third of the cranial nerves and for the main venous channel of the brain.
  • Surgical exposure of the JF is usually justified by the removal of benign tumors that grow in this region.
  • Using the same dissection of the soft tissues from a lateral trajectory, these three approaches bring solutions to the radical removal of distinct tumor extensions.
  • [MeSH-major] Cranial Fossa, Posterior / pathology. Neurilemmoma / pathology. Skull Base Neoplasms / pathology
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Cranial Nerves / pathology. Female. Humans. Jugular Veins / pathology. Male. Neck / pathology. Neurosurgical Procedures

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  • (PMID = 18383816.001).
  • [ISSN] 0095-4829
  • [Journal-full-title] Advances and technical standards in neurosurgery
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Adv Tech Stand Neurosurg
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Number-of-references] 29
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99. Ozen O, Demirhan B, Altinörs N: Correlation between histological grade and MIB-1 and p53 immunoreactivity in meningiomas. Clin Neuropathol; 2005 Sep-Oct;24(5):219-24
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  • OBJECTIVE: Meningiomas for the most part are slow-growing benign tumors, but complete removal can be difficult and recurrence is an issue.
  • We also examined the relationships among parameters such as brain invasion, histological grade and Ki-67 and p53 expression in these tumors.
  • The MIB-1 labeling index (LI) for each tumor was calculated as a percentage based on the number of stained cells per total cells counted.
  • RESULTS: Of the 60 meningiomas, 7 (11.7%) exhibited brain invasion.
  • Brain invasion was not correlated with histological grade, MIB-1 LI, or p53 expression.
  • The number of cases was limited, but the findings also suggest that brain invasion is a prognostic parameter independent of grade, MIB-1 LI and p53 expression.
  • [MeSH-major] Biomarkers, Tumor / analysis. Ki-67 Antigen / biosynthesis. Meningeal Neoplasms / pathology. Meningioma / pathology. Tumor Suppressor Protein p53 / biosynthesis
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Aged. Female. Humans. Immunohistochemistry. Male. Middle Aged. Prognosis. Retrospective Studies

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  • (PMID = 16167545.001).
  • [ISSN] 0722-5091
  • [Journal-full-title] Clinical neuropathology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Clin. Neuropathol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Germany
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Biomarkers, Tumor; 0 / Ki-67 Antigen; 0 / Tumor Suppressor Protein p53
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100. Saraswathy A, Jayasree RS, Baiju KV, Gupta AK, Pillai VP: Optimum wavelength for the differentiation of brain tumor tissue using autofluorescence spectroscopy. Photomed Laser Surg; 2009 Jun;27(3):425-33
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  • [Title] Optimum wavelength for the differentiation of brain tumor tissue using autofluorescence spectroscopy.
  • OBJECTIVE: The role of autofluorescence spectroscopy in the detection and staging of benign and malignant brain tumors is being investigated in this study, with an additional aim of determining an optimum excitation wavelength for the spectroscopic identification of brain tumors.
  • MATERIALS AND METHODS: The present study involves in-vitro autofluorescence monitoring of different human brain tumor samples to assess their spectroscopic properties.
  • The autofluorescence measurement at four different excitation wavelengths 320, 370, 410, and 470 nm, were carried out for five different brain tumor types: glioma, astrocytoma, meningioma, pituitary adenoma, and schwannoma.
  • RESULTS: The fluorescence spectra of tumor tissues showed significant differences, both in intensity and in spectral profile, from those of adjacent normal brain tissues at all four excitation wavelengths.
  • Of the four excitation wavelengths being considered, 470 nm appeared to be the optimal wavelength for detecting tissue fluorescence of brain tumor tissues.
  • CONCLUSIONS: In conclusion, the spectroscopic luminescence measurements carried out in this study revealed significant differences between tumor tissue and adjacent normal tissue of human brains for all the tumor types tested, except for pituitary adenoma.
  • From the results of this study we conclude that excitation wavelengths ranging from 410-470 nm are most suitable for the detection of brain tumor tissue.
  • [MeSH-major] Brain Neoplasms / pathology. Spectrometry, Fluorescence / methods
  • [MeSH-minor] Adolescent. Adult. Aged. Algorithms. Astrocytoma / pathology. Child. Child, Preschool. Discriminant Analysis. Female. Glioma / pathology. Humans. Male. Meningioma / pathology. Middle Aged. Neoplasm Staging. Neurilemmoma / pathology. Pituitary Neoplasms / pathology. Principal Component Analysis

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  • (PMID = 19025404.001).
  • [ISSN] 1557-8550
  • [Journal-full-title] Photomedicine and laser surgery
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Photomed Laser Surg
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] United States
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