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1. Rahmat K, Vijayananthan A, Abdullah B, Amin S: Benign teratoma of the liver: a rare cause of cholangitis. Biomed Imaging Interv J; 2006 Jul;2(3):e20
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  • [Title] Benign teratoma of the liver: a rare cause of cholangitis.
  • The term 'teratoma' is derived from the Greek root 'teratos', meaning monster.
  • Therefore, teratomas occur in order of decreasing frequency in the ovaries, testes, anterior mediastinum, retroperitoneum, sacrococcygeal region and cranium.Liver teratomas are very rare; of the 25 hepatic teratomas described in the literature, only five have occurred in adults.
  • The majority of the cases were in female children below the age of three, mostly arising in the right lobe of liver.We report a case of an adult male with benign mature teratoma arising in the left lobe of liver, compressing the common bile duct and causing obstructive jaundice.

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  • [Cites] Radiology. 1989 Aug;172(2):421-5 [2664866.001]
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  • (PMID = 21614237.001).
  • [ISSN] 1823-5530
  • [Journal-full-title] Biomedical imaging and intervention journal
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Biomed Imaging Interv J
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Malaysia
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC3097637
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2. Strunk H, Börner N, Stuckmann G, Fröhlich E, Hadizadeh D: [Contrast-enhanced "low MI real-time" sonography for the assessment of the malignancy of focal liver lesions]. Rofo; 2005 Oct;177(10):1394-404
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  • [Title] [Contrast-enhanced "low MI real-time" sonography for the assessment of the malignancy of focal liver lesions].
  • PURPOSE: Contrast enhanced sonography using phase-inversion harmonic mode is a promising technique to detect and characterize hepatic lesions.
  • Aim of the following study was to evaluate whether this technique can characterize liver tumors.
  • MATERIAL AND METHODS: During January and December 2004, 46 patients with a solitary liver lesion were examined.
  • One of the malignant lesions was classified as benign.
  • Of the 25 benign lesions, 21 could be classified correctly as benign, however, 4 lesions (2 hemangiomas, 1 adenoma, 1 teratoma) showed no enhancement in the portal and late phase and were incorrectly classified as malignant as well.
  • CONCLUSION: Using pulse-inversion harmonic US with SonoVue, liver lesions showing an isoechoic or hyperechoic enhancement can be classified as probably benign.
  • [MeSH-major] Image Enhancement / methods. Liver Neoplasms / ultrasonography. Microbubbles. Phospholipids. Sulfur Hexafluoride

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  • (PMID = 16170709.001).
  • [ISSN] 1438-9029
  • [Journal-full-title] RöFo : Fortschritte auf dem Gebiete der Röntgenstrahlen und der Nuklearmedizin
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Rofo
  • [Language] ger
  • [Publication-type] Clinical Trial; English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Germany
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Contrast Media; 0 / Phospholipids; 0 / contrast agent BR1; WS7LR3I1D6 / Sulfur Hexafluoride
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3. Woodward PJ, Sohaey R, Kennedy A, Koeller KK: From the archives of the AFIP: a comprehensive review of fetal tumors with pathologic correlation. Radiographics; 2005 Jan-Feb;25(1):215-42
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  • Other fetal neoplasms include soft-tissue tumors (both benign and malignant), leukemia, mesenchymal hamartoma of the kidney, and liver tumors (hemangioendothelioma, mesenchymal hamartoma, and hepatoblastoma).
  • [MeSH-major] Fetal Diseases / diagnosis. Neoplasms / diagnosis
  • [MeSH-minor] Brain Neoplasms / diagnosis. Female. Humans. Magnetic Resonance Imaging. Pregnancy. Teratoma / diagnosis. Ultrasonography, Prenatal

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  • (PMID = 15653597.001).
  • [ISSN] 1527-1323
  • [Journal-full-title] Radiographics : a review publication of the Radiological Society of North America, Inc
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Radiographics
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Number-of-references] 82
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4. Dong Q, Jiang B, Lu Y, Zhang H, Jiang Z, Lu H, Yang C, Zhao J, Hao X: Surgical management of giant liver tumor involving the hepatic hilum of children. World J Surg; 2009 Jul;33(7):1520-5
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  • [Title] Surgical management of giant liver tumor involving the hepatic hilum of children.
  • BACKGROUND: Surgical management of giant liver tumors involving the hepatic hilum tends to be very difficult.
  • The present study assessed the feasibility and safety of resection of such liver tumors.
  • METHODS: We evaluated 27 patients with liver tumors involving the hepatic hilum.
  • The other four cases did not undergo operation because of their parents' decisions to discontinue treatment; these cases had multiple space-occupying lesions in addition to tumors involving the hepatic hilum.
  • Pathological diagnoses included hepatoblastoma (n = 9), endotheliosarcoma (n = 1), mesenchymal hamartoma (n = 4), teratoma (n = 1), adenoma (n = 3), and hepatocellular carcinoma (n = 4).
  • The nine cases with benign liver tumors were healthy at follow-up at 11 months to 9 years after operation.
  • CONCLUSIONS: Resecting giant liver tumors involving the main hepatic veins and/or the retrohepatic vena cava, although challenging, is feasible and safe.
  • [MeSH-major] Hepatectomy / methods. Liver Neoplasms / pathology. Liver Neoplasms / surgery. Portal System / surgery

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  • (PMID = 19424748.001).
  • [ISSN] 1432-2323
  • [Journal-full-title] World journal of surgery
  • [ISO-abbreviation] World J Surg
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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5. Basaran C, Karcaaltincaba M, Akata D, Karabulut N, Akinci D, Ozmen M, Akhan O: Fat-containing lesions of the liver: cross-sectional imaging findings with emphasis on MRI. AJR Am J Roentgenol; 2005 Apr;184(4):1103-10
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  • [Title] Fat-containing lesions of the liver: cross-sectional imaging findings with emphasis on MRI.
  • OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this pictorial essay is to identify different types of liver lesions that contain fat.
  • Cross-sectional imaging findings of fat- or lipid-containing lesions can help in characterizing focal liver lesions.
  • We searched our archive retrospectively and reviewed the literature for fat-containing liver lesions and identified 16 different types.
  • CONCLUSION: These lesions can contain macroscopic fat (i.e., angiomyolipoma, lipoma, liposarcoma, hydatid cyst, lipopeliosis, adrenal rest tumor, pseudolipoma, hepatic teratoma, pericaval fat, extramedullary hematopoiesis, and metastases) or intracellular lipid (i.e., focal steatosis, adenoma, focal nodular hyperplasia, regenerative nodules, and hepatocellular carcinoma).
  • CT, MRI, and sonographic findings of these lesions can help in characterization by allowing specific diagnosis or narrowing the differential diagnosis of liver lesions.
  • [MeSH-major] Fatty Liver / diagnosis. Liver Neoplasms / diagnosis. Magnetic Resonance Imaging. Neoplasms, Adipose Tissue / diagnosis
  • [MeSH-minor] Diagnosis, Differential. Humans

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  • (PMID = 15788580.001).
  • [ISSN] 0361-803X
  • [Journal-full-title] AJR. American journal of roentgenology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] AJR Am J Roentgenol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Number-of-references] 17
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6. You YN, Leibovitch BC, Que FG: Hepatic metastasectomy for testicular germ cell tumors: is it worth it? J Gastrointest Surg; 2009 Apr;13(4):595-601
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  • [Title] Hepatic metastasectomy for testicular germ cell tumors: is it worth it?
  • BACKGROUND: Chemotherapy is highly effective for metastatic germ cell tumor (GCT), but experience with resection of hepatic metastases from GCT is limited.
  • METHODS: Fifteen patients with GCT metastatic to the liver underwent 16 hepatic operations (1975-2002).
  • Hepatic histology included: necrosis (33%), viable tumor (27%), mature teratoma (13%), and benign histology (27%).
  • Concomitant resection of extrahepatic disease (14 patients, 93%) found necrosis (53%), mature teratoma (27%), and viable tumor (13%).
  • The 10-year overall survival was 62% from diagnosis.
  • CONCLUSION: Resection of post-chemotherapy hepatic disease is safe, even when combined with resection of extrahepatic residual disease.
  • The varied histologic findings, lack of reliable predictors, and prolonged survival achieved support a multidisciplinary approach which includes surgical resection of hepatic metastases.
  • [MeSH-major] Hepatectomy. Liver Neoplasms / secondary. Liver Neoplasms / surgery. Neoplasms, Germ Cell and Embryonal / secondary

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  • (PMID = 19190967.001).
  • [ISSN] 1873-4626
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of gastrointestinal surgery : official journal of the Society for Surgery of the Alimentary Tract
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Gastrointest. Surg.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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7. Feuerlein S, Pauls S, Juchems MS, Stuber T, Hoffmann MH, Brambs HJ, Ernst AS: Pitfalls in abdominal diffusion-weighted imaging: how predictive is restricted water diffusion for malignancy. AJR Am J Roentgenol; 2009 Oct;193(4):1070-6
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  • The aim of our retrospective study was to investigate the specificity of restricted diffusion in differentiation of benign from malignant abdominal disease.
  • The 12 benign lesions were liver hemangioma, liver adenoma, autoimmune pancreatitis, pancreatic teratoma, two abscesses, three cases of inflammatory bowel wall thickening due to Crohn's disease, Bartholin cyst, hemorrhagic ovarian cyst, and renal Rosai-Dorfman disease.
  • However, in interpretation of diffusion-weighted images, it should be kept in mind that a number of benign lesions, as many as 22% in our cohort, can exhibit restricted diffusion on images with high b values, thus mimicking malignant lesions.
  • [MeSH-major] Abdominal Neoplasms / diagnosis. Artifacts. Diffusion Magnetic Resonance Imaging / methods

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  • (PMID = 19770331.001).
  • [ISSN] 1546-3141
  • [Journal-full-title] AJR. American journal of roentgenology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] AJR Am J Roentgenol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Evaluation Studies; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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8. Okino H, Koga Y, Tsuneyoshi M, Takeda S: Metachronous mature cystic teratomas in the left ovary and bilateral diaphragm: Report of a case. Surg Today; 2006;36(11):1012-4
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  • Mature cystic teratomas are found often in gonadal sites, but rarely in extragonadal sites, such as the retroperitoneum, mediastinum, central nerve system, lung, and liver.
  • To our knowledge, only seven cases of pathologically benign mature cystic teratoma originating in the diaphragm have been reported.
  • We report the case of a 45-year-old woman found to have a mature cystic teratoma below the left side of her diaphragm.
  • She had undergone oophorectomy for a huge mature cystic teratoma in the left ovary 34 years earlier, followed 1 year later by excision of a tumor in the right side of the diaphragm.
  • All sections of the pathological specimen showed evidence of a mature cystic teratoma and pathologically resembled the specimens obtained in the previous two operations.
  • Although this tumor might have been a recurrence of the mature cystic teratoma in the left ovary, it is more likely that multicentric teratomatous foci metachronously developed in the gonadal and extragonadal sites.
  • [MeSH-major] Diaphragm / pathology. Muscle Neoplasms / pathology. Neoplasms, Second Primary. Ovarian Neoplasms / pathology. Teratoma / pathology
  • [MeSH-minor] Diagnosis, Differential. Female. Humans. Laparotomy. Middle Aged. Ovariectomy. Thoracotomy. Tomography, X-Ray Computed

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  • (PMID = 17072726.001).
  • [ISSN] 0941-1291
  • [Journal-full-title] Surgery today
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Surg. Today
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Japan
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9. Meyers RL: Tumors of the liver in children. Surg Oncol; 2007 Nov;16(3):195-203
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Tumors of the liver in children.
  • In this review we examine the diagnosis and treatment of pediatric liver tumors- both malignant and benign.
  • Other malignant liver tumors are quite rare and include biliary rhabdomyosarcoma, angiosarcoma, rhabdoid tumor, and undifferentiated sarcoma.
  • The commonly seen benign liver tumors in children are infantile hemangioma, mesenchymal hamartoma, and focal nodular hyperplasia.
  • Rare benign tumors are hepatic adenoma, which is occasionally seen in teenage girls, and teratoma which is a very rare liver tumor in infants.
  • [MeSH-major] Liver Neoplasms

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  • (PMID = 17714939.001).
  • [ISSN] 0960-7404
  • [Journal-full-title] Surgical oncology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Surg Oncol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] Netherlands
  • [Number-of-references] 69
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10. Zhao JG, Cai B, Qiu B, Sun L: [A case report of immature hepatic teratoma]. Zhonghua Gan Zang Bing Za Zhi; 2010 Jan;18(1):72
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  • [Title] [A case report of immature hepatic teratoma].
  • [MeSH-major] Liver Neoplasms / radiography. Liver Neoplasms / surgery. Teratoma / radiography. Teratoma / surgery
  • [MeSH-minor] Abdominal Pain / etiology. Female. Humans. Liver / pathology. Liver / radiography. Tomography, X-Ray Computed. Young Adult

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  • (PMID = 20128979.001).
  • [ISSN] 1007-3418
  • [Journal-full-title] Zhonghua gan zang bing za zhi = Zhonghua ganzangbing zazhi = Chinese journal of hepatology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Zhonghua Gan Zang Bing Za Zhi
  • [Language] chi
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] China
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11. Tannuri AC, Tannuri U, Gibelli NE, Romão RL: Surgical treatment of hepatic tumors in children: lessons learned from liver transplantation. J Pediatr Surg; 2009 Nov;44(11):2083-7
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  • [Title] Surgical treatment of hepatic tumors in children: lessons learned from liver transplantation.
  • The objective of the present study was to describe our experience in liver resections, in the light of liver transplantation, emphasizing the indications for surgery, surgical techniques, complications, and results.
  • METHODS: The medical records of 53 children who underwent liver resection for primary or metastatic hepatic tumors were reviewed.
  • Surgery was performed by surgeons competent in liver transplantation.
  • As in liver living donor operation, vascular anomalies were investigated.
  • The main arterial anomalies found were the right hepatic artery emerging from the superior mesenteric artery and left hepatic artery from left gastric artery.
  • Hilar structures were dissected very close to liver parenchyma.
  • The hepatic artery and portal vein were dissected and ligated near their entrance to the liver parenchyma to avoid damaging the hilar vessels of the other lobe.
  • During dissection of the suprahepatic veins, the venous infusion was decreased to reduce central venous pressure and potential bleeding from hepatic veins and the vena cava.
  • RESULTS: Fifty-three children with hepatic tumors underwent surgical treatment, 47 patients underwent liver resections, and in 6 cases, liver transplantation was performed because the tumor was considered unresectable.
  • Ten children presented with other malignant tumors-3 undifferentiated sarcomas, 2 hepatocellular carcinomas, 2 fibrolamellar hepatocellular carcinomas, a rhabdomyosarcoma, an immature ovarian teratoma, and a single neuroblastoma.
  • Six children had benign tumors-4 mesenchymal hamartoma, 1 focal nodular hyperplasia, and a mucinous cystadenoma.
  • Hepatic resections included 22 right lobectomies, 9 right trisegmentectomies, 8 left lobectomies, 5 left trisegmentectomies, 2 left segmentectomies, and 1 case of monosegment (segment IV) resection.
  • CONCLUSION: The resection of hepatic tumors in children requires expertise in pediatric surgical practice, and many lessons learned from liver transplantation can be applied to hepatectomies.
  • [MeSH-major] Liver Neoplasms / surgery. Liver Transplantation / methods


12. Luong TV, Salvagni S, Bordi C: Presacral carcinoid tumour. Review of the literature and report of a clinically malignant case. Dig Liver Dis; 2005 Apr;37(4):278-81
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  • Carcinoid tumours arising in the presacral region are extremely rare and they are usually benign.
  • We report the case of a 37-year-old black man with a clinically malignant carcinoid tumour (well differentiated endocrine carcinoma) occurring in a sacrococcygeal teratoma and already metastasised to pelvic nodes, liver and bone at the time of the initial diagnosis.
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Bone Neoplasms / secondary. Humans. Immunohistochemistry. Liver Neoplasms / secondary. Lung Neoplasms / secondary. Magnetic Resonance Imaging. Male. Pelvic Floor / pathology. Pelvic Floor / radiography. Pelvic Neoplasms / secondary. Phosphopyruvate Hydratase / analysis. Sacrococcygeal Region. Synaptophysin / analysis. Tomography, X-Ray Computed

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  • (PMID = 15788213.001).
  • [ISSN] 1590-8658
  • [Journal-full-title] Digestive and liver disease : official journal of the Italian Society of Gastroenterology and the Italian Association for the Study of the Liver
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Dig Liver Dis
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't; Review
  • [Publication-country] Netherlands
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Synaptophysin; EC 4.2.1.11 / Phosphopyruvate Hydratase
  • [Number-of-references] 15
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13. Schnater JM, Kuijper CF, Zsiros J, Heij HA, Aronson DC: Pre-operative diagnostic biopsy and surgery in paediatric liver tumours--the Amsterdam experience. Eur J Surg Oncol; 2005 Dec;31(10):1160-5
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Pre-operative diagnostic biopsy and surgery in paediatric liver tumours--the Amsterdam experience.
  • AIM: To report 24 years of pre-treatment biopsy and surgical experience in primary liver tumours in children.
  • METHODS: Between 1979 and 2003, 53 children presented with a primary liver tumour of whom 48 who underwent surgical resection were evaluated (two died, two were unresectable, and one was transplanted).
  • RESULTS: Benign tumours were diagnosed in eight patients.
  • Surgical resection for a malignant tumour was performed in 40 patients (26 hepatoblastomas (HB), eight hepatocellular carcinomas (HCC) (four had fibrolamellar HCC), three rhabdomyosarcomas (RMS), one neuroblastoma, one non-hodgkin lymphoma (NHL), and one teratoma).
  • The existing diagnostic pitfalls in differentiating between the various liver malignancies justify the use of a diagnostic biopsy.
  • [MeSH-major] Carcinoma, Hepatocellular / pathology. Hepatectomy. Hepatoblastoma / pathology. Liver / pathology. Liver Neoplasms / pathology

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  • (PMID = 16157464.001).
  • [ISSN] 0748-7983
  • [Journal-full-title] European journal of surgical oncology : the journal of the European Society of Surgical Oncology and the British Association of Surgical Oncology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Eur J Surg Oncol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] England
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14. Certo M, Franca M, Gomes M, Machado R: Liver teratoma. Acta Gastroenterol Belg; 2008 Apr-Jun;71(2):275-9
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Liver teratoma.
  • True liver teratomas are exceptional tumors, with only 25 cases reported in the radiology literature.
  • Most cases reported were either intraperitoneal or retroperitoneal teratomas that had invaded the liver.
  • The authors present a 27-year-old woman with a liver complex mass found incidentally at computed tomography (CT).
  • The patient underwent surgery and the final diagnosis was a benign liver teratoma.
  • [MeSH-major] Liver Neoplasms / diagnosis. Teratoma / diagnosis
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Diagnosis, Differential. Female. Hepatectomy / methods. Humans. Magnetic Resonance Imaging. Tomography, X-Ray Computed

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  • (PMID = 18720943.001).
  • [ISSN] 1784-3227
  • [Journal-full-title] Acta gastro-enterologica Belgica
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Acta Gastroenterol. Belg.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Belgium
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15. Isaacs H Jr: Fetal hydrops associated with tumors. Am J Perinatol; 2008 Jan;25(1):43-68
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • Leukemia and extracardiac teratomas were next in frequency followed by hepatic tumors, neuroblastoma, placental, soft tissue, and renal tumors.
  • No fetus with the diagnosis of cardiac rhabdomyoma, neuroblastoma, brain tumor, rhabdoid tumor, or histiocytosis associated with hydrops survived.
  • Those patients with placental chorangioma, pericardial teratoma, and hepatic hemangioma had the best outcome.

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  • (PMID = 18075961.001).
  • [ISSN] 0735-1631
  • [Journal-full-title] American journal of perinatology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Am J Perinatol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Number-of-references] 144
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16. Karlo C, Leschka S, Dettmer M, Breitenstein S, Stolzmann P: Hepatic teratoma and peritoneal gliomatosis: a case report. Cases J; 2009;2:9302
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Hepatic teratoma and peritoneal gliomatosis: a case report.
  • The hepatic teratoma is a very rare entity of which only 25 cases have been published so far.
  • In our case the hepatic teratoma is associated with peritoneal gliomatosis, which is an indicator for an ongoing peritoneal spread of a teratoma.
  • Wall calcifications and the homogeneity as well as the well defined border misled the radiologist to the diagnosis of an echinococcal cyst, which is the most common differential diagnosis, however the hepatic teratoma has to be taking into consideration when dealing with unclear hepatic cysts, although it is very rare.

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  • [Cites] Hum Pathol. 2004 Jun;35(6):685-8 [15188134.001]
  • [Cites] Acta Gastroenterol Belg. 2008 Apr-Jun;71(2):275-9 [18720943.001]
  • [Cites] Gynecol Oncol. 2004 Dec;95(3):746-9 [15581997.001]
  • [Cites] Int J Oncol. 2004 Jul;25(1):17-25 [15201985.001]
  • (PMID = 20062626.001).
  • [ISSN] 1757-1626
  • [Journal-full-title] Cases journal
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Cases J
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC2803966
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17. Lee HL, Liu YY, Yeh CN, Chiang KC, Chen TC, Jan YY: Primary squamous cell carcinoma of the liver: a successful surgically treated case. World J Gastroenterol; 2006 Sep 7;12(33):5419-21
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Primary squamous cell carcinoma of the liver: a successful surgically treated case.
  • Primary squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) of the liver is rare.
  • Primary SCC of the liver has been reported to be associated with hepatic teratoma, hepatic cyst, or hepatolithiasis.
  • Complete remission of poorly differentiated SCC of the liver could be achieved by systemic chemotherapy followed by surgery or remarkably respond to hepatic arterial injection of low dose chemotherapeutic drugs.
  • Here we report the first case of primary SCC of the liver presenting as a solid tumor and receiving successful hepatic resection with 9-mo disease free survival.
  • [MeSH-major] Carcinoma, Squamous Cell / diagnosis. Carcinoma, Squamous Cell / surgery. Liver Neoplasms / diagnosis. Liver Neoplasms / surgery
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Disease-Free Survival. Humans. Liver / pathology. Liver / ultrasonography. Male. Remission Induction. Treatment Outcome. Ultrasonography


18. Magliocca JF, Held IK, Odorico JS: Undifferentiated murine embryonic stem cells cannot induce portal tolerance but may possess immune privilege secondary to reduced major histocompatibility complex antigen expression. Stem Cells Dev; 2006 Oct;15(5):707-17
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • No prolongation of allograft survival or evidence of lymphoid chimerism was observed in immunocompetent recipient mice despite hepatic teratoma formation.
  • [MeSH-minor] Animals. Animals, Newborn. Flow Cytometry. Gene Expression Regulation. Heart Transplantation. Histocompatibility Antigens Class I / analysis. Histocompatibility Antigens Class I / biosynthesis. Histocompatibility Antigens Class I / genetics. Histocompatibility Antigens Class II / analysis. Histocompatibility Antigens Class II / biosynthesis. Histocompatibility Antigens Class II / genetics. Liver / cytology. Liver / pathology. Male. Mice. Mice, Inbred BALB C. Pluripotent Stem Cells / cytology. RNA, Messenger / genetics. RNA, Messenger / metabolism. Survival Analysis

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  • (PMID = 17105406.001).
  • [ISSN] 1547-3287
  • [Journal-full-title] Stem cells and development
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Stem Cells Dev.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Grant] United States / NIDDK NIH HHS / DK / U19DK61244
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Antigens; 0 / Histocompatibility Antigens; 0 / Histocompatibility Antigens Class I; 0 / Histocompatibility Antigens Class II; 0 / RNA, Messenger
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19. Prasad SR, Wang H, Rosas H, Menias CO, Narra VR, Middleton WD, Heiken JP: Fat-containing lesions of the liver: radiologic-pathologic correlation. Radiographics; 2005 Mar-Apr;25(2):321-31
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Fat-containing lesions of the liver: radiologic-pathologic correlation.
  • Fat-containing tumors of the liver are a heterogeneous group of tumors with characteristic histologic features, variable biologic profiles, and variable imaging findings.
  • Benign liver lesions that contain fat include focal or geographic fatty change (steatosis), pseudolesions due to postoperative packing material (omentum), adenoma, focal nodular hyperplasia, lipoma, angiomyolipoma, cystic teratoma, hepatic adrenal rest tumor, pseudolipoma of the Glisson capsule, and xanthomatous lesions in Langerhans cell histiocytosis.
  • Malignant liver lesions that can contain fat include hepatocellular carcinoma, primary and metastatic liposarcoma, and hepatic metastases.
  • Identification of fat within a liver lesion can be critical in characterization of the lesion.
  • The imaging characteristics of a lesion coupled with the pattern of intratumoral fatty change are helpful in narrowing the differential diagnosis.
  • [MeSH-major] Fatty Liver / diagnosis. Liver Neoplasms / diagnosis

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  • [Copyright] (c) RSNA, 2005.
  • (PMID = 15798052.001).
  • [ISSN] 1527-1323
  • [Journal-full-title] Radiographics : a review publication of the Radiological Society of North America, Inc
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Radiographics
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Number-of-references] 31
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20. Naik S, Waris W, Carmosino L, Mehrishi A, Saif MW: Primary squamous cell carcinoma of the liver. J Gastrointestin Liver Dis; 2009 Dec;18(4):487-9
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Primary squamous cell carcinoma of the liver.
  • Primary squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) of the liver is rare.
  • Primary SCC of the liver has been reported to be associated with hepatic teratoma, hepatic cyst, or hepatolithiasis.
  • We present the first case of SCC of the liver with no history of prior liver insult, a parasitic infection or pre-existing hepatic cysts.
  • In general, the prognosis of primary SCC of the liver is dismal with overall survival less than one year, but our patient who was treated initially with radiation and later by surgical resection has no evidence of disease recurrence over 6 years.
  • [MeSH-major] Carcinoma, Squamous Cell / diagnosis. Liver Neoplasms / diagnosis


21. Ukiyama E, Endo M, Yoshida F: Hepatoduodenal ligament teratoma with hepatic artery running inside. Pediatr Surg Int; 2008 Nov;24(11):1239-42
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Hepatoduodenal ligament teratoma with hepatic artery running inside.
  • Teratoma in infants and children is not particularly rare.
  • However, the teratoma in the hepatoduodenal ligament is extremely rare and the surgical treatment is challenging because of its anatomical complexity.
  • In this report, we present the seventh case with special reference to the operative technique to save the hepatic artery for resection of the tumor using intraoperative ultrasonography.
  • [MeSH-major] Abdominal Neoplasms / congenital. Abdominal Neoplasms / surgery. Hepatic Artery / abnormalities. Teratoma / congenital. Teratoma / surgery

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  • [Cites] J Pediatr Surg. 1986 Jun;21(6):548-51 [2425069.001]
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  • (PMID = 18807051.001).
  • [ISSN] 0179-0358
  • [Journal-full-title] Pediatric surgery international
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Pediatr. Surg. Int.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] Germany
  • [Number-of-references] 7
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