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1. Stark AM, Maslehaty H, Hugo HH, Mahvash M, Mehdorn HM: Glioblastoma of the cerebellum and brainstem. J Clin Neurosci; 2010 Oct;17(10):1248-51
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • Glioblastoma multiforme (GB) is the most common and most malignant primary intracranial tumor.
  • Because of its rarity and the non-specific radiological features of iGB, it can easily be misdiagnosed as a brain metastasis, ependymoma or even as a benign lesion such as vestibular schwannoma or meningioma.
  • Postoperative adjuvant therapy similar to that for supratentorial glioblastoma is indicated.
  • [MeSH-major] Brain Neoplasms / pathology. Brain Stem / pathology. Cerebellum / pathology. Glioblastoma / pathology

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  • [Copyright] Copyright 2010 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
  • (PMID = 20619657.001).
  • [ISSN] 1532-2653
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of clinical neuroscience : official journal of the Neurosurgical Society of Australasia
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Clin Neurosci
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Scotland
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2. Larouche V, Huang A, Bartels U, Bouffet E: Tumors of the central nervous system in the first year of life. Pediatr Blood Cancer; 2007 Dec;49(7 Suppl):1074-82
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Tumors of the central nervous system in the first year of life.
  • Among 1,289 infants identified from this literature review, the most common histological diagnoses are astrocytoma (30.5%), medulloblastoma (12.2%), ependymoma (11.1%), and choroid plexus tumors (11%).
  • Most tumors are supratentorial (65%).
  • The most important prognostic factors are histology (malignant vs. benign) and extent of resection.
  • Significant differences are noted for some tumor types by comparison with older children, for example in the aggressive behavior of low grade gliomas and the chemosensitivity of some high grade gliomas.
  • [MeSH-major] Brain Neoplasms / pathology

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  • [Copyright] Copyright 2007 Wiley-Liss, Inc.
  • (PMID = 17943961.001).
  • [ISSN] 1545-5009
  • [Journal-full-title] Pediatric blood & cancer
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Pediatr Blood Cancer
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Number-of-references] 71
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3. Wang F, Qiao G, Li X, Gui Q: A dysembryoplastic neuroepithelial tumor in the area of the caudate nucleus in a 57-year-old woman: case report. Neurosurgery; 2007 Aug;61(2):E420; discussion E420
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] A dysembryoplastic neuroepithelial tumor in the area of the caudate nucleus in a 57-year-old woman: case report.
  • OBJECTIVE: Dysembryoplastic neuroepithelial tumors (DNTs) are clinicopathologically unique tumors.
  • They are usually located within the supratentorial cortex, most often in the temporal lobe.
  • During a 7-year follow-up period, the tumor did not recur.
  • CONCLUSION: Unlike diffuse gliomas, such as oligodendrogliomas and central neurocytomas, DNTs are benign lesions with a favorable prognosis after surgical resection.
  • [MeSH-major] Brain Neoplasms / pathology. Caudate Nucleus / pathology. Neoplasms, Neuroepithelial / pathology

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  • (PMID = 17762726.001).
  • [ISSN] 1524-4040
  • [Journal-full-title] Neurosurgery
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Neurosurgery
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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4. Mehrotra N, Shamji MF, Vassilyadi M, Ventureyra EC: Intracranial tumors in first year of life: the CHEO experience. Childs Nerv Syst; 2009 Dec;25(12):1563-9
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  • [Title] Intracranial tumors in first year of life: the CHEO experience.
  • INTRODUCTION: One seventh of pediatric brain tumors are diagnosed in the first year of life.
  • METHODS: A retrospective review was performed of brain tumor patients presenting to the Children's Hospital of Eastern Ontario (CHEO) through the last 34 years.
  • RESULTS: Eighteen cases of brain tumors in the first year of life were identified: 12 suptratentorial, eight with benign histology, and six infratentorial all with malignant histology.
  • Median age of presentation differed by lesion location (p = 0.05) and glial tumors were most common.
  • Raised intracranial pressure was more than twice as prevalent with posterior fossa lesions (p < 0.01) with equivalent likelihood of increasing head circumference (p = 0.74), whereas seizures were more frequent with supratentorial tumors (p = 0.04).
  • Among eight surviving infants, seven had supratentorial tumors, five survived to adulthood, and six are functionally independent.
  • CONCLUSIONS: Brain tumors in the first year of life represent 4.8% of patients treated at CHEO.
  • Mode of presentation, utilization of adjuvant therapy, and survival depend on tumor location and histology, with worse prognosis for infratentorial lesions.
  • [MeSH-major] Glioma / therapy. Infratentorial Neoplasms / therapy. Meningioma / therapy. Neuroectodermal Tumors, Primitive / therapy. Supratentorial Neoplasms / therapy. Teratoma / therapy

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  • (PMID = 19551387.001).
  • [ISSN] 1433-0350
  • [Journal-full-title] Child's nervous system : ChNS : official journal of the International Society for Pediatric Neurosurgery
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Childs Nerv Syst
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Germany
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5. Yu AH, Chen L, Li YJ, Zhang GJ, Li KC, Wang YP: Dysembryoplastic neuroepithelial tumors: magnetic resonance imaging and magnetic resonance spectroscopy evaluation. Chin Med J (Engl); 2009 Oct 20;122(20):2433-7
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  • [Title] Dysembryoplastic neuroepithelial tumors: magnetic resonance imaging and magnetic resonance spectroscopy evaluation.
  • BACKGROUND: Dysembryoplastic neuroepithelial tumor (DNT) is a rare benign neoplasm of the central nervous system affecting young people.
  • Tumors were confirmed by surgery.
  • RESULTS: All tumors were supratentorial.
  • The cortex was the main area involved, with nine tumors located in the temporal lobe, three in the frontal lobe, and one on the boundary between the temporal and occipital lobes.
  • Eight tumors had well-demarcated borders.
  • [MeSH-major] Brain Neoplasms / pathology. Magnetic Resonance Imaging / methods. Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy / methods. Neoplasms, Neuroepithelial / pathology

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  • (PMID = 20079155.001).
  • [ISSN] 0366-6999
  • [Journal-full-title] Chinese medical journal
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Chin. Med. J.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] China
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6. Gessi M, Legnani FG, Maderna E, Casali C, Solero CL, Pollo B, DiMeco F: Mucinous low-grade adenocarcinoma arising in an intracranial enterogenous cyst: case report. Neurosurgery; 2008 Apr;62(4):E972-3; discussion E973
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • They are usually benign lesions, and malignant transformation is rare.
  • A magnetic resonance imaging scan demonstrated a multiloculated cerebellopontine angle cyst with supratentorial hydrocephalus.
  • Subsequent follow-up computed tomographic scans showed progression of the residual tumor.
  • [MeSH-major] Adenocarcinoma, Mucinous / diagnosis. Adenocarcinoma, Mucinous / surgery. Brain Neoplasms / diagnosis. Brain Neoplasms / surgery. Cysts / diagnosis. Cysts / surgery. Ventriculoperitoneal Shunt

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  • (PMID = 18496166.001).
  • [ISSN] 1524-4040
  • [Journal-full-title] Neurosurgery
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Neurosurgery
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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7. Hamlat A, Le Strat A, Guegan Y, Ben-Hassel M, Saikali S: Cerebellar pleomorphic xanthoastrocytoma: case report and literature review. Surg Neurol; 2007 Jul;68(1):89-94; discussion 94-5
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • BACKGROUND: PXA generally has histologic features characteristic of benign biological behavior, although malignant forms have been reported.
  • This neoplasm has also been observed in atypical locations.
  • METHODS: The authors report a case of cerebellar PXA with rapid malignant transformation in a 58-year-old woman and review the rare presentations and atypical features of this tumor.
  • In contrast, supratentorial forms had a younger age profile (26 years).
  • PXA in the posterior fossa had a higher rate of solid enhancing tumor (9/14).
  • [MeSH-major] Astrocytoma / diagnosis. Cerebellar Neoplasms / diagnosis. Magnetic Resonance Imaging

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  • (PMID = 17537486.001).
  • [ISSN] 0090-3019
  • [Journal-full-title] Surgical neurology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Surg Neurol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Glial Fibrillary Acidic Protein
  • [Number-of-references] 28
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8. Agaoglu FY, Ayan I, Dizdar Y, Kebudi R, Gorgun O, Darendeliler E: Ependymal tumors in childhood. Pediatr Blood Cancer; 2005 Sep;45(3):298-303
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  • [Title] Ependymal tumors in childhood.
  • BACKGROUND: Ependymal tumors are classified as ependymoma (benign or low grade) versus anaplastic ependymoma (malignant or high grade).
  • Ependymomas represent 5-10% of intracranial neoplasm in children.
  • In this study, demographic data and the treatment results of pediatric patients with ependymal tumors, treated in a single institute, is reported.
  • PATIENTS AND METHODS: Between 1989 and 2001, 40 (22 M/18 F) previously untreated patients with a median age of 5.5 years (3 months-15 years), of histologically proven ependymal tumors (except ependymoblastomas) were referred to the Institute of Oncology, University of Istanbul.
  • The localization was supratentorial in 18, infratentorial in 20, both supra and infratentorial in two patients.
  • Total tumor resection was performed in 20 patients (50%), subtotal in 18 patients (45%), and biopsy only in 2 patients (5%).
  • CONCLUSIONS: The majority of complete responders were patients who had total tumor removal.
  • [MeSH-major] Brain Neoplasms. Ependymoma

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  • [Copyright] (c) 2004 Wiley-Liss, Inc.
  • (PMID = 15770637.001).
  • [ISSN] 1545-5009
  • [Journal-full-title] Pediatric blood & cancer
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Pediatr Blood Cancer
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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9. Kravets LIa, Trofimov AO: [Delayed surgical operations in benign supratentorial gliomas]. Zh Vopr Neirokhir Im N N Burdenko; 2009 Jan-Mar;(1):24-8
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] [Delayed surgical operations in benign supratentorial gliomas].
  • Benign gliomas are slowly growing primary brain tumors with prolonged natural course and tendency to malignization.
  • The paper describes results of treatment of 19 patients with benign supratentorial gliomas.
  • Aspects of volume evolution and surgical excision of tumor are highlighted.
  • [MeSH-major] Glioma / surgery. Neurosurgical Procedures / methods. Supratentorial Neoplasms / surgery

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  • (PMID = 19505027.001).
  • [ISSN] 0042-8817
  • [Journal-full-title] Zhurnal voprosy neĭrokhirurgii imeni N. N. Burdenko
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Zh Vopr Neirokhir Im N N Burdenko
  • [Language] rus
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Russia (Federation)
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10. Bledsoe JM, Link MJ, Stafford SL, Park PJ, Pollock BE: Radiosurgery for large-volume (&gt; 10 cm3) benign meningiomas. J Neurosurg; 2010 May;112(5):951-6
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Radiosurgery for large-volume (> 10 cm3) benign meningiomas.
  • The average tumor volume was 17.5 cm3 (range 10.1-48.6 cm3); the average tumor margin dose was 15.1 Gy (range 12-18 Gy); and the mean follow-up duration was 70.1 months (range 12-199 months).
  • RESULTS: Tumor control was 99% at 3 years and 92% at 7 years after radiosurgery.
  • Patients with supratentorial tumors experienced a higher complication rate compared with patients with skull base tumors (44% compared with 18%) (hazard ratio 2.9, 95% CI 1.3-6.7, p = 0.01).
  • CONCLUSIONS: The morbidity associated with SRS for patients with benign meningiomas > 10 cm(3) is greater for supratentorial tumors compared with skull base tumors.
  • Whereas radiosurgery is relatively safe for patients with large-volume skull base meningiomas, resection should remain the primary disease management for the majority of patients with large-volume supratentorial meningiomas.
  • [MeSH-major] Meningioma / pathology. Meningioma / surgery. Radiosurgery / instrumentation. Skull Base Neoplasms / pathology. Skull Base Neoplasms / surgery
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Aged. Aged, 80 and over. Ataxia / epidemiology. Ataxia / etiology. Cerebral Infarction / epidemiology. Cerebral Infarction / etiology. Female. Follow-Up Studies. Headache / epidemiology. Headache / etiology. Hearing Disorders / epidemiology. Hearing Disorders / etiology. Humans. Male. Middle Aged. Neoplasm Invasiveness. Neoplasm Staging. Retrospective Studies. Supratentorial Neoplasms / pathology. Supratentorial Neoplasms / surgery. Young Adult

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  • [CommentIn] J Neurosurg. 2010 Dec;113(6):1335-6; author reply 1336-7 [20887089.001]
  • (PMID = 19764829.001).
  • [ISSN] 1933-0693
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of neurosurgery
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Neurosurg.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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11. Boviatsis EJ, Bouras TI, Kouyialis AT, Themistocleous MS, Sakas DE: Impact of age on complications and outcome in meningioma surgery. Surg Neurol; 2007 Oct;68(4):407-11; discussion 411
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • BACKGROUND: Surgery for benign brain tumors in elderly patients without severe general health problems is an acceptable practice, as results are comparable with the ones of younger patients.
  • Tumor removal rate was not significantly different in the 2 groups.
  • [MeSH-major] Meningioma / surgery. Postoperative Complications / epidemiology. Supratentorial Neoplasms / surgery

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  • (PMID = 17586023.001).
  • [ISSN] 0090-3019
  • [Journal-full-title] Surgical neurology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Surg Neurol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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12. Mpairamidis E, Alexiou GA, Stefanaki K, Sfakianos G, Prodromou N: Brainstem ganglioglioma. J Child Neurol; 2008 Dec;23(12):1481-3
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  • Gangliogliomas are usually benign slow-growing neoplasms, seen mainly in the first 3 decades of life and are prevalently located supratentorial, mostly in the temporal and frontal lobe.
  • Close follow-up is mandatory, and re-resection or radiotherapy should be considered in case of tumor recurrence.
  • [MeSH-major] Brain Stem Neoplasms. Ganglioglioma

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  • (PMID = 19073857.001).
  • [ISSN] 1708-8283
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of child neurology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Child Neurol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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13. Vachhrajani S, Jea A, Rutka JA, Blaser S, Cusimano M, Rutka JT: Meningioma with dural venous sinus invasion and jugular vein extension. J Neurosurg Pediatr; 2008 Dec;2(6):391-6
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • Meningiomas represent the most common benign intracranial neoplasm in adults, with a considerably lower incidence in children.
  • The patient underwent a 2-stage resection: the supratentorial component was resected first, and the infratentorial and venous sinus and jugular vein components were subsequently removed using a combined skull base approach.
  • The patient remained neurologically intact after the staged tumor resections.
  • [MeSH-major] Cranial Sinuses. Jugular Veins. Meningeal Neoplasms / pathology. Meningeal Neoplasms / surgery. Meningioma / pathology. Meningioma / surgery
  • [MeSH-minor] Adolescent. Female. Humans. Neoplasm Invasiveness

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  • (PMID = 19035683.001).
  • [ISSN] 1933-0707
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of neurosurgery. Pediatrics
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Neurosurg Pediatr
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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14. Josan V, Smith P, Kornberg A, Rickert C, Maixner W: Development of a pilocytic astrocytoma in a dysembryoplastic neuroepithelial tumor. Case report. J Neurosurg; 2007 Jun;106(6 Suppl):509-12
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Development of a pilocytic astrocytoma in a dysembryoplastic neuroepithelial tumor. Case report.
  • Dysembryoplastic neuroepithelial tumors (DNETs) are benign supratentorial tumors based in the cerebral cortex.
  • When tumors thought to be DNETs are not resected due to their proximity to eloquent cortex, lack of change in the clinical and neuroimaging features over time supports the diagnosis of DNET.
  • [MeSH-major] Astrocytoma / diagnosis. Brain Neoplasms / diagnosis. Cerebral Cortex. Magnetic Resonance Imaging. Neoplasms, Second Primary / diagnosis. Neuroectodermal Tumors, Primitive / diagnosis


15. Beseoglu K, Knobbe CB, Reifenberger G, Steiger HJ, Stummer W: Supratentorial meningeal melanocytoma mimicking a convexity meningioma. Acta Neurochir (Wien); 2006 Apr;148(4):485-90
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Supratentorial meningeal melanocytoma mimicking a convexity meningioma.
  • OBJECTIVE AND IMPORTANCE: Meningeal melanocytomas are rare benign neuro-ectodermal tumors arising from melanocytic cells in the leptomeninges.
  • CLINICAL PRESENTATION: We report on the rare case of a 55-year-old male patient with a large supratentorial meningeal melanocytoma mimicking a convexity meningioma and a smaller, similarly dura based lesion in the posterior fossa.
  • INTERVENTION: Tumor control to date was achieved by surgery of the large lesion and radiosurgery of the small lesion.
  • CONCLUSION: Complete tumor resection may be advantageous and second or recurrent lesions may be managed by repeat surgery or stereotactic radiosurgery.
  • [MeSH-major] Melanocytes / pathology. Meningeal Neoplasms / pathology. Meningioma / diagnosis. Neoplasms, Multiple Primary / pathology. Nevus / pathology. Supratentorial Neoplasms / pathology

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  • (PMID = 16391879.001).
  • [ISSN] 0001-6268
  • [Journal-full-title] Acta neurochirurgica
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Acta Neurochir (Wien)
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Austria
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16. El-Khashab M, Koral K, Bowers DC, Johnson-Welch S, Swift D, Nejat F: Intermediate grade meningeal melanocytoma of cervical spine. Childs Nerv Syst; 2009 Apr;25(4):407-10
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • BACKGROUND: Meningeal melanocytoma is a rare, benign melanotic tumor of the leptomeninges, which occurs anywhere in the cranial or spinal regions but most commonly in supratentorial and thoracic spine regions.
  • The literature on this entity consists of case reports; therefore, there is no agreement on the most effective therapy of this tumor, although total excision seems to be the best therapeutic option.
  • The tumor was removed subtotally through cervical laminotomy followed by rapid improvement of most neurological deficits.
  • This tumor was unusual because of its very hyperintense homogenous signal on T1-weighted images, invasion of the arachnoid membrane, and extension into the neural foramina.
  • Black dots on the surface of the cord were thought to represent an organized blood clot until the frozen section suggested a melanocytic tumor.
  • DISCUSSION: We discuss the distinction of meningeal melanocytoma from other melanocytic tumors of the leptomeninges.
  • CONCLUSION: Melanocytic tumors should be considered in the differential diagnosis when a hyperintense lesion of the leptomeninges is identified on T1-weighted images or a very dark mass similar to charcoal or organized hematoma is found in the surgical field.
  • The best management is complete tumor resection, but radiotherapy is reserved in cases of subtotal resection and multiple lesions.
  • Locally aggressive nature of tumor and possibility of recurrence warrant regular follow-up.
  • [MeSH-major] Cervical Vertebrae. Medulloblastoma / pathology. Meningeal Neoplasms / pathology. Spinal Cord Neoplasms / pathology

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  • [Cites] Surg Neurol. 2003 Mar;59(3):200-10 [12681556.001]
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  • (PMID = 19139906.001).
  • [ISSN] 1433-0350
  • [Journal-full-title] Child's nervous system : ChNS : official journal of the International Society for Pediatric Neurosurgery
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Childs Nerv Syst
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Germany
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17. Li NY, Zhou XJ, Jin XZ, Meng K, Ma HH, Zheng XG, Jiang SJ, Sun GQ: [A clinicopathologic study of dysembryoplstic neuroepithelial tumor]. Zhonghua Bing Li Xue Za Zhi; 2005 Sep;34(9):561-5
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  • [Title] [A clinicopathologic study of dysembryoplstic neuroepithelial tumor].
  • OBJECTIVE To study the clinicopathologic features, radiologic findings, treatment modalities and prognosis of dysembryoplastic neuroepithelial tumor (DNT).
  • On magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) study, the tumor was hypodense on T1 and hyperdense on T2.
  • All but 2 cases were supratentorial and intracortical in location.
  • Ten cases were treated by complete surgical excision and the remaining 8 tumors were partially excised.
  • None of the cases showed tumor recurrence after operation.
  • Histologically, all tumors demonstrated a multinodular architecture and were intracortical in location, sometimes with extension into the white matter.
  • The tumor was formed by an admixture of oligodendrocyte-like cells, mature neurons and astrocytes, with obvious microcystic changes.
  • CONCLUSIONS: DNT is a benign tumor (corresponding to WHO grade I) that can be cured by surgical excision, despite sometimes incomplete tumor removal.
  • [MeSH-major] Brain Neoplasms / pathology. Cerebral Cortex / pathology. Neoplasms, Neuroepithelial / pathology. Oligodendroglia / pathology

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  • (PMID = 16468305.001).
  • [ISSN] 0529-5807
  • [Journal-full-title] Zhonghua bing li xue za zhi = Chinese journal of pathology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Zhonghua Bing Li Xue Za Zhi
  • [Language] chi
  • [Publication-type] English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] China
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Neurofilament Proteins; 0 / S100 Proteins; 0 / Synaptophysin
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18. Smith JS, Lin H, Mayo MC, Bannerjee A, Gupta N, Perry V, Cha S: Diffusion-weighted MR imaging abnormalities in pediatric patients with surgically-treated intracranial mass lesions. J Neurooncol; 2006 Sep;79(2):203-9
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • Supratentorial and infratentorial lesions were identified in 22 and 11 patients, respectively.
  • Infiltrative and noninfiltrative, as well as benign and malignant lesions, were included.
  • There was no association between the occurrence of these abnormalities and whether the lesion was infiltrative, non-infiltrative, benign, or malignant.
  • Our study suggests that immediate postoperative DWI is useful in interpreting new areas of focal contrast enhancement on subsequent imaging in children who have had surgery for brain tumors.
  • [MeSH-major] Brain / diagnostic imaging. Diffusion Magnetic Resonance Imaging. Infratentorial Neoplasms / diagnostic imaging. Neoplasm Recurrence, Local / diagnostic imaging. Supratentorial Neoplasms / diagnostic imaging

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  • (PMID = 16598419.001).
  • [ISSN] 0167-594X
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of neuro-oncology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Neurooncol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Grant] United States / NINDS NIH HHS / NS / NS045013
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] United States
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19. Ahmed I, Auguste KI, Vachhrajani S, Dirks PB, Drake JM, Rutka JT: Neurosurgical management of intracranial epidermoid tumors in children. Clinical article. J Neurosurg Pediatr; 2009 Aug;4(2):91-6
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  • [Title] Neurosurgical management of intracranial epidermoid tumors in children. Clinical article.
  • OBJECT: Epidermoid tumors are benign lesions representing 1% of all intracranial tumors.
  • There have been few pediatric series of intracranial epidermoid tumors reported previously.
  • METHODS: The neurosurgical database at the Hospital for Sick Children was searched for children with surgically managed intracranial epidermoid tumors.
  • The average age at surgery was 11.2 years (range 8-15 years), and the mean maximal tumor diameter was 2.1 cm.
  • Headache was the most common presenting symptom, and 1 tumor was found incidentally.
  • There were 3 cerebellopontine angle lesions, 1 pontomedullary lesion, and 3 supratentorial tumors.
  • CONCLUSIONS: Intracranial epidermoid tumors are rare in the pediatric population.
  • Total resection is desirable to minimize the risk of postoperative aseptic meningitis, hydrocephalus, and tumor recurrence.

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  • (PMID = 19645539.001).
  • [ISSN] 1933-0707
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of neurosurgery. Pediatrics
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Neurosurg Pediatr
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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20. Krampulz T, Hans VH, Oppel F, Dietrich U, Puchner MJ: Long-term relapse-free survival with supratentorial primitive neuroectodermal tumor in an adult: a case report. J Neurooncol; 2006 May;77(3):291-4
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  • [Title] Long-term relapse-free survival with supratentorial primitive neuroectodermal tumor in an adult: a case report.
  • OBJECTIVE: In adults, supratentorial primitive neuroectodermal tumor (sPNET) is a very rare undifferentiated embryoblastic neoplasm.
  • CT- and MRI-scans revealed a right occipital tumor with moderate contrast enhancement.
  • The tumor was completely removed.
  • Microscopy revealed a malignant, highly cellular, poorly differentiated tumor with a desmoplastic component.
  • Up to 20% of tumor nuclei were labeled for Ki-67.
  • Other tumor entities were excluded by immunohistochemistry.
  • CONCLUSIONS: Although the prognosis of sPNET is reported to be poor, a small fraction with a rather benign biological and clinical behavior exists.
  • [MeSH-major] Biomarkers, Tumor / metabolism. Neuroectodermal Tumors, Primitive / pathology. Sarcoma / pathology. Supratentorial Neoplasms / pathology

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  • (PMID = 16528456.001).
  • [ISSN] 0167-594X
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of neuro-oncology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Neurooncol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Biomarkers, Tumor; 0 / Ki-67 Antigen; 0 / Receptor, Nerve Growth Factor
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21. Prayson RA: Lipomatous supratentorial primitive neuroectodermal tumor with glioblastomatous differentiation. Ann Diagn Pathol; 2009 Feb;13(1):36-40
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  • [Title] Lipomatous supratentorial primitive neuroectodermal tumor with glioblastomatous differentiation.
  • Cases of cerebral neuroblastoma or supratentorial primitive neuroectodermal tumor with malignant gliomatous components are relatively uncommon.
  • This is a case report of a lipomatous supratentorial primitive neuroectodermal tumor with glioblastomatous differentiation occurring in a 48-year-old woman.
  • These cells were arranged against a benign lipomatous background.
  • The glioblastomatous component of the tumor demonstrated glial fibrillary acidic protein immunoreactivity.
  • [MeSH-major] Glioblastoma / pathology. Lipomatosis / pathology. Neuroectodermal Tumors, Primitive / pathology. Supratentorial Neoplasms / pathology

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  • (PMID = 19118780.001).
  • [ISSN] 1532-8198
  • [Journal-full-title] Annals of diagnostic pathology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Ann Diagn Pathol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Glial Fibrillary Acidic Protein; 0 / Ki-67 Antigen; 0 / Synaptophysin
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22. Mihajlovic-Madzarevic V, Pappas P: Treatment of refractory seizures due to a benign mass present in the corpus callosum with an ion magnetic inductor: case report. Brain Tumor Pathol; 2005;22(2):93-5
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  • [Title] Treatment of refractory seizures due to a benign mass present in the corpus callosum with an ion magnetic inductor: case report.
  • [MeSH-major] Corpus Callosum / pathology. Epilepsy / therapy. Lipoma / complications. Stiff-Person Syndrome / etiology. Supratentorial Neoplasms / complications. Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation / methods

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  • (PMID = 18095111.001).
  • [ISSN] 1861-387X
  • [Journal-full-title] Brain tumor pathology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Brain Tumor Pathol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Japan
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Anticonvulsants; 0 / Ions; 614OI1Z5WI / Valproic Acid; Q3JTX2Q7TU / Diazepam; SML2Y3J35T / Colchicine; T1X8S697GT / thiocolchicoside
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23. Wang FL, Li XH, Gui QP, Liu L: [Clinicopathologic and radiologic features of dysembryoplastic neuroepithelial tumors]. Zhonghua Bing Li Xue Za Zhi; 2005 Sep;34(9):566-8
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] [Clinicopathologic and radiologic features of dysembryoplastic neuroepithelial tumors].
  • OBJECTIVE: To study the clinicopathologic features and radiologic findings of dysembryoplastic neuroepithelial tumor (DNT).
  • All tumors were located in the supratentorial cerebral cortex.
  • The tumors involved either frontal lobe (number = 4), temporal lobe (number = 4), frontoparietal lobe (number = 1) .
  • CONCLUSIONS: DNT is a benign tumor with excellent prognosis after surgical excision.
  • [MeSH-major] Brain Neoplasms / pathology. Cerebral Cortex / pathology. Neuroectodermal Tumors, Primitive / pathology

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  • (PMID = 16468306.001).
  • [ISSN] 0529-5807
  • [Journal-full-title] Zhonghua bing li xue za zhi = Chinese journal of pathology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Zhonghua Bing Li Xue Za Zhi
  • [Language] chi
  • [Publication-type] English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] China
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Neurofilament Proteins; 0 / S100 Proteins; 0 / Synaptophysin
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24. Yoshida D, Kogiku M, Noha M, Takahashi H, Teramoto A: A case of pleomorphic xanthoastrocytoma presenting with massive tumoral hemorrhage. J Neurooncol; 2005 Jan;71(2):169-71
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  • Pleomorphic xanthoastrocytoma has been generally conceived to be in a benign nature, showing a relatively favorable prognosis.
  • Apoplectic attack attributable by massive hemorrhage in this distinct form of the supratentorial glioma is an exceedingly rare event.
  • CT and MRI disclosed the presence of a tumor composing of massive intra-tumoral hemorrhage filling the cyst associated with mural nodule in the left frontotemporal lobe.
  • The unusual hemorrhagic presentation of this typically benign entity is extremely rare and is thought to be intra-tumoral bleeding in this case, since subarachnoid hemorrhage was absent.
  • [MeSH-major] Astrocytoma / blood supply. Astrocytoma / complications. Brain Neoplasms / blood supply. Brain Neoplasms / complications. Cerebral Hemorrhage / etiology. Hematoma / etiology

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  • [CommentIn] J Neurooncol. 2006 Mar;77(1):105-6 [16292492.001]
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  • (PMID = 15690134.001).
  • [ISSN] 0167-594X
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of neuro-oncology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Neurooncol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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25. Stüer C, Vilz B, Majores M, Becker A, Schramm J, Simon M: Frequent recurrence and progression in pilocytic astrocytoma in adults. Cancer; 2007 Dec 15;110(12):2799-808
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • BACKGROUND: Most pilocytic astrocytomas (piloA) are benign growths (World Health Organization [WHO] grade 1) of the deep midline structures, the brainstem, and the cerebellum.
  • RESULTS: There were 20 patients (45%) with supratentorial lobar piloA (including 10 temporal/temporomesial tumors, 5 parietal tumors, 3 insular tumors, 1 frontal tumor, and 1 occipital tumors), 12 patients with cerebellar piloA, 7 patients with brainstem piloA, 2 patients with opticochiasmatic PiloA, 1 patient with intramedullary piloA, and 2 patients with piloA of the basal ganglia.
  • All but 1 patient with a lobar tumor presented with epilepsy.
  • Tumor recurrence or disease progression was observed in 13 of 44 patients (30%).
  • CONCLUSIONS: PiloA in adult patients, surprisingly, often was not a benign disease.
  • [MeSH-major] Astrocytoma / pathology. Astrocytoma / radiography. Brain Neoplasms / pathology

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  • [CommentIn] Nat Clin Pract Neurol. 2008 Jun;4(6):296-7 [18414467.001]
  • (PMID = 17973253.001).
  • [ISSN] 0008-543X
  • [Journal-full-title] Cancer
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Cancer
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] United States
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26. Eskandari R, Schmidt MH: Intramedullary spinal melanocytoma. Rare Tumors; 2010;2(2):e24
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  • Meningeal melanocytoma is a benign lesion arising from leptomeningeal melanocytes that at times can mimic its malignant counterpart, melanoma.
  • The authors present a case of primary intramedullary spinal meningeal melanocytoma presenting with bilateral lower extremity symptoms in which the patient had no known supratentorial primary lesions.
  • Gross total surgical resection allowed for full recovery, but early recurrence of tumor was detected on close follow-up monitoring, allowing for elective local radiation without loss of neurological function.
  • Case reports of such tumors discuss different treatment strategies, but just as important is the close follow-up monitoring in these patients even after gross total surgical resection, since these tumors can recur.

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  • (PMID = 21139826.001).
  • [ISSN] 2036-3613
  • [Journal-full-title] Rare tumors
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Rare Tumors
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Italy
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC2994507
  • [Keywords] NOTNLM ; intramedullary / melanocytoma. / myelotomy / spinal tumor
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