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1. Lincoln DT, Singal PK, Al-Banaw A: Growth hormone in vascular pathology: neovascularization and expression of receptors is associated with cellular proliferation. Anticancer Res; 2007 Nov-Dec;27(6B):4201-18
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Growth hormone in vascular pathology: neovascularization and expression of receptors is associated with cellular proliferation.
  • Vascular tumours are common lesions of the skin and subcutaneous tissue, but also occur in many other tissues and internal organs.
  • The well-differentiated tumours consist of irregular anastomosing, blood-filled vascular channels that are lined by variably atypical endothelial cells.
  • Several growth factors, including basic fibroblast growth factor, transforming growth factors and vascular endothelial growth factor, play a role in tumour angiogenesis.
  • Growth hormone (GH) is mitogenic for a variety of vascular tissue cells, including smooth muscle cells, fibroblasts and endothelial cells and exerts its regulatory functions in controlling metabolism, balanced growth and differentiated cell expression by acting on specific membrane-bound receptors, which trigger a phosphorylation cascade resulting in the modulation of numerous signalling pathways and of gene expression.
  • Essential to the initiation of a cellular response to GH, the presence of receptors for this hormone may predict the adaptation of tumour cells resulting from GH exposure.
  • To address the site/mode of action through which GH exerts its effects, a well characterized monoclonal antibody, obtained by hybridoma technology from Balb/c mice immunized with purified rabbit and rat liver GH-receptor (GHR) and directed against the hormone binding site of the receptor, was applied, using the ABC technique to determine GHR expression in a panel of vascular tumours.
  • A total of 64 benign and malignant vascular tumours were obtained from different human organ sites, including the chest wall, skin, axillary contents, duodenum, female breast, abdomen, stomach, colon, lymph node, bladder, body flank and neck regions.
  • To delineate tumour cell growth, immunohistochemical analysis of cycling nuclear protein and of proliferating cell nuclear antigen, using Ki-67 and PCNA polyclonal antibodies respectively, was used to demonstrate proliferative indexes.
  • In conclusion, this study shows that GHR expression in vascular tumours is a function of malignancy and cancer progression.
  • The presence of GHR in endothelial cells of vascular neoplasm indicates that they are target cells and GH is of importance in the proliferation of vascular tumour angiogenesis.
  • The results support the hypothesis that GH is involved in the paracrine-autocrine mechanism, acting locally in regulating vascular tumour growth and will be useful for site-specific studies of the evolution of vascular cancers.
  • The use of anti-GHR antibodies to block tumour progression is an intriguing possibility.
  • [MeSH-major] Growth Hormone / metabolism. Receptors, Somatotropin / biosynthesis. Vascular Neoplasms / pathology

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  • [ErratumIn] Anticancer Res. 2008 Mar-Apr;28(2b):1439
  • (PMID = 18225592.001).
  • [ISSN] 0250-7005
  • [Journal-full-title] Anticancer research
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Anticancer Res.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Greece
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Antibodies, Monoclonal; 0 / Receptors, Somatotropin; 9002-72-6 / Growth Hormone
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2. Sidoroff A: [Epidemiology of cutaneous vascular neoplasms and malformations in childhood]. Handchir Mikrochir Plast Chir; 2009 Apr;41(2):65-9
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] [Epidemiology of cutaneous vascular neoplasms and malformations in childhood].
  • PURPOSE: A representative compilation of data on the incidence and prevalence of benign cutaneous vascular neoplasms and malformations in childhood has been made.
  • Complex vascular malformations or severe cases of vascular tumours are very rare.
  • CONCLUSION: All in all, vascular lesions are very common findings in childhood, but in most cases harmless and transient in nature.
  • Complex and/or life-threatening severe vascular tumours and malformations that represent a considerable therapeutic challenge are extremely rare events.
  • [MeSH-major] Arteriovenous Malformations / epidemiology. Hemangioma / epidemiology. Skin / blood supply. Skin Neoplasms / epidemiology. Soft Tissue Neoplasms / epidemiology
  • [MeSH-minor] Age Factors. Austria. Child. Child, Preschool. Cohort Studies. Cross-Sectional Studies. Health Surveys. Hemangioma, Capillary / epidemiology. Hemangioma, Cavernous / epidemiology. Humans. Incidence. Infant. Infant, Newborn. Infant, Premature, Diseases / epidemiology. Neoplasm Regression, Spontaneous. Port-Wine Stain / epidemiology

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  • (PMID = 19180424.001).
  • [ISSN] 1439-3980
  • [Journal-full-title] Handchirurgie, Mikrochirurgie, plastische Chirurgie : Organ der Deutschsprachigen Arbeitsgemeinschaft für Handchirurgie : Organ der Deutschsprachigen Arbeitsgemeinschaft für Mikrochirurgie der Peripheren Nerven und Gefässe : Organ der Vereinigung der Deutschen Plastischen Chirurgen
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Handchir Mikrochir Plast Chir
  • [Language] ger
  • [Publication-type] English Abstract; Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] Germany
  • [Number-of-references] 39
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3. Massi D, Landriscina M, Piscazzi A, Cosci E, Kirov A, Paglierani M, Di Serio C, Mourmouras V, Fumagalli S, Biagioli M, Prudovsky I, Miracco C, Santucci M, Marchionni N, Tarantini F: S100A13 is a new angiogenic marker in human melanoma. Mod Pathol; 2010 Jun;23(6):804-13
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  • Angiogenesis is critical in melanoma progression and metastasis and relies on the synthesis and release of proangiogenic molecules such as vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF)-A and fibroblast growth factors (FGFs).
  • S100A13 is upregulated in astrocytic gliomas, in which it correlates with VEGF-A expression, microvessel density and tumor grading, and promotes a more aggressive, invasive phenotype in lung cancer-derived cell lines.
  • To investigate the involvement of S100A13 in human cutaneous melanoma, we analyzed a series of 87 cutaneous melanocytic lesions: 14 common acquired melanocytic nevi, 14 atypical, so-called 'dysplastic' nevi, 45 melanomas (17 radial growth phase and 28 vertical growth phase) and 14 melanoma metastases.
  • We found that S100A13 was expressed in melanocytic lesions; compared with benign nevi, S100A13 protein expression was significantly upregulated in melanomas (P=0.024), in which it correlated positively with the intensity of VEGF-A staining (P=0.041) and microvessel density (P=0.007).
  • In conclusion, S100A13 is expressed in melanocytic lesions when the angiogenic switch occurs and it may cooperate with VEGF-A in supporting the formation of new blood vessels, favoring the shift from radial to vertical tumor growth.
  • [MeSH-major] Biomarkers, Tumor / analysis. Capillaries / chemistry. Melanoma / blood supply. Melanoma / chemistry. Neovascularization, Pathologic / metabolism. S100 Proteins / analysis. Skin Neoplasms / blood supply. Skin Neoplasms / chemistry
  • [MeSH-minor] Aged. Antigens, CD / analysis. Female. Fibroblast Growth Factor 1 / analysis. Humans. Immunohistochemistry. Male. Middle Aged. Neoplasm Invasiveness. Neoplasm Staging. Predictive Value of Tests. Prognosis. RNA, Messenger / analysis. Receptors, Cell Surface / analysis. Reverse Transcriptase Polymerase Chain Reaction. Up-Regulation. Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor A / analysis

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  • (PMID = 20208480.001).
  • [ISSN] 1530-0285
  • [Journal-full-title] Modern pathology : an official journal of the United States and Canadian Academy of Pathology, Inc
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Mod. Pathol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Grant] United States / NHLBI NIH HHS / HL / R01 HL035627; United States / NHLBI NIH HHS / HL / R01 HL035627; United States / NHLBI NIH HHS / HL / R01 HL035627-23
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Antigens, CD; 0 / Biomarkers, Tumor; 0 / ENG protein, human; 0 / RNA, Messenger; 0 / Receptors, Cell Surface; 0 / S100 Proteins; 0 / S100A13 protein, human; 0 / VEGFA protein, human; 0 / Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor A; 104781-85-3 / Fibroblast Growth Factor 1
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ NIHMS204422; NLM/ PMC2882157
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4. Schöniger S, Tivers MS, Baines SJ, Summers BA: Arteriovenous haemangioma in two dogs and a cat. J Comp Pathol; 2008 Aug-Oct;139(2-3):130-6
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  • Haemangiomas are benign vascular tumours and several types can be distinguished based on microscopical features.
  • One dog and the cat presented with a cutaneous vascular lesion, the other dog with a bleeding mass in the tongue.
  • Surgically excised masses comprised non-encapsulated proliferations of variably sized arterial- and venous-like vessels, accompanied by clusters of capillaries and immature vascular structures in the feline cutaneous tumour and the canine lingual neoplasm.
  • The results of this study expand the range of differential diagnoses for vascular neoplasms in the dog and cat.
  • [MeSH-major] Cat Diseases / pathology. Dog Diseases / pathology. Hemangioma / veterinary. Skin Neoplasms / veterinary. Tongue Neoplasms / veterinary

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  • (PMID = 18620702.001).
  • [ISSN] 0021-9975
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of comparative pathology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Comp. Pathol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] England
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5. Weaver J, Billings SD: Postradiation cutaneous vascular tumors of the breast: a review. Semin Diagn Pathol; 2009 Aug;26(3):141-9
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  • [Title] Postradiation cutaneous vascular tumors of the breast: a review.
  • Postradiation vascular tumors fall into two categories:.
  • (1) postradiation cutaneous angiosarcoma, malignant vascular neoplasms with significant morbidity and mortality; and (2) atypical vascular lesions (AVL), vascular tumors that reportedly behave in a benign manner.
  • Postradiation vascular tumors not only present a therapeutic problem for clinicians, but they present an increasingly common diagnostic dilemma for pathologists.
  • Although first described separately 15 years ago, the relationship between postradiation cutaneous angiosarcoma and AVL remains controversial.
  • Herein, we will discuss the evolution of this topic while reviewing the various clinical, histopathologic, and prognostic characteristics of postradiation cutaneous angiosarcoma and AVL.
  • [MeSH-major] Breast Neoplasms / radiotherapy. Hemangiosarcoma / pathology. Neoplasms, Radiation-Induced / pathology. Skin Neoplasms / pathology
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Aged. Female. Humans. Middle Aged. Neoplasm Recurrence, Local. Prognosis

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  • (PMID = 20043513.001).
  • [ISSN] 0740-2570
  • [Journal-full-title] Seminars in diagnostic pathology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Semin Diagn Pathol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Number-of-references] 21
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6. Avilés-Izquierdo JA, Velázquez-Tarjuelo D, Lecona-Echevarría M, Lázaro-Ochaita P: [Dermoscopic features of eccrine poroma]. Actas Dermosifiliogr; 2009 Mar;100(2):133-6
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  • Eccrine poroma is a benign adnexal neoplasm that clinically may mimic malignant skin tumors such as squamous cell carcinoma and amelanotic melanoma.
  • The lesions were characterized by multiple red lacunes and a polymorphous vascular pattern in both cases.
  • Dermoscopy can improve the clinical diagnosis of this benign adnexal skin tumor.
  • [MeSH-minor] Aged. Aged, 80 and over. Buttocks. Diagnosis, Differential. Female. Humans. Skin Neoplasms / diagnosis

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  • (PMID = 19445878.001).
  • [ISSN] 0001-7310
  • [Journal-full-title] Actas dermo-sifiliográficas
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Actas Dermosifiliogr
  • [Language] spa
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Spain
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7. Trindade F, Haro R, Requena L: Giant angiolymphoid hyperplasia with eosinophilia on the chest. J Cutan Pathol; 2009 Apr;36(4):493-6
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  • Angiolymphoid hyperplasia with eosinophilia is a rare vascular proliferation characterized by single or multiple purplish, brownish papules and subcutaneous nodules, sometimes associated with pain or pruritus.
  • This rare benign process occurs with a female predominance.
  • Approximately 85% of the lesions occur in the skin of the head and neck; most of them are around the ear or on the forehead or scalp.
  • Whether angiolymphoid hyperplasia with eosinophilia represents a benign neoplasm or an unusual reaction to varied stimuli, including trauma, the etiology remains unclear.
  • The lesion is benign but may be persistent and is difficult to eradicate.
  • We report on a case of a 58-year-old Caucasian man who presented a purplish pink dome-shaped tumor of size up to 8 cm in diameter located on the chest.

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  • (PMID = 19278439.001).
  • [ISSN] 1600-0560
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of cutaneous pathology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Cutan. Pathol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Denmark
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8. Kubo M, Ihn H, Yamane K, Tamaki K: The expression levels and the differential expression of transforming growth factor-beta receptors in dermatofibroma and dermatofibrosarcoma protuberans. Br J Dermatol; 2006 May;154(5):919-25
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • BACKGROUND: Dermatofibroma (DF) and dermatofibrosarcoma protuberans (DFSP) are benign and intermediate malignant fibrotic dermal tumours, respectively.
  • RESULTS: We detected strong expression of TGFbeta-RI and TGFbeta-RII on epidermis and epidermal appendages, moderate expression in vascular endothelial cells, smooth muscle cells and neural tissues, and weak expression in fibroblasts in normal skin sections.
  • The expression of TGFbeta-RI and TGFbeta-RII was decreased in DFSP in comparison with DF, and their expression was found to be homogeneous in each DFSP tumour cell.
  • The staining for TGF-beta1 was found prominently on matrix and spindle-shaped tumour cells of DF, and peripheral regions of DFSP.
  • Weak expression of TGF-beta1 was found on normal skin or tumour cells in the central part of DFSP.
  • Type I collagen expression was found on spindle-shaped tumour cells in DF, but not in tumour cells of DFSP.
  • [MeSH-major] Dermatofibrosarcoma / metabolism. Histiocytoma, Benign Fibrous / metabolism. Neoplasm Proteins / metabolism. Receptors, Transforming Growth Factor beta / metabolism. Skin Neoplasms / metabolism
  • [MeSH-minor] Activin Receptors, Type I / genetics. Activin Receptors, Type I / metabolism. Adult. Biomarkers, Tumor / metabolism. Collagen Type I / metabolism. Diagnosis, Differential. Female. Humans. In Situ Hybridization. Male. Middle Aged. Protein-Serine-Threonine Kinases. RNA, Messenger / genetics. Skin / metabolism. Up-Regulation

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  • (PMID = 16634896.001).
  • [ISSN] 0007-0963
  • [Journal-full-title] The British journal of dermatology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Br. J. Dermatol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Biomarkers, Tumor; 0 / Collagen Type I; 0 / Neoplasm Proteins; 0 / RNA, Messenger; 0 / Receptors, Transforming Growth Factor beta; EC 2.7.1.11 / TGF-beta type I receptor; EC 2.7.11.1 / Protein-Serine-Threonine Kinases; EC 2.7.11.30 / Activin Receptors, Type I; EC 2.7.11.30 / transforming growth factor-beta type II receptor
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9. Onuma K, Sato Y, Ogawara S, Shirasawa N, Kobayashi M, Yoshitake J, Yoshimura T, Iigo M, Fujii J, Okada F: Nano-scaled particles of titanium dioxide convert benign mouse fibrosarcoma cells into aggressive tumor cells. Am J Pathol; 2009 Nov;175(5):2171-83
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  • [Title] Nano-scaled particles of titanium dioxide convert benign mouse fibrosarcoma cells into aggressive tumor cells.
  • These results indicate that nano-sized TiO(2) has the potential to convert benign tumor cells into malignant ones through the generation of ROS in the target cells.
  • [MeSH-major] Cell Transformation, Neoplastic / drug effects. Fibrosarcoma. Nanoparticles / chemistry. Neoplasm Invasiveness. Titanium / pharmacology
  • [MeSH-minor] Animals. Cell Line, Tumor. Cytokines / genetics. Cytokines / metabolism. Deoxyguanosine / analogs & derivatives. Deoxyguanosine / metabolism. Dinoprostone / metabolism. Female. Intercellular Signaling Peptides and Proteins / genetics. Intercellular Signaling Peptides and Proteins / metabolism. Mice. Mice, Inbred C57BL. Particle Size. Reactive Oxygen Species / metabolism. Thymosin / genetics. Thymosin / metabolism. Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor A / metabolism

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  • (PMID = 19815711.001).
  • [ISSN] 1525-2191
  • [Journal-full-title] The American journal of pathology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Am. J. Pathol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Cytokines; 0 / Intercellular Signaling Peptides and Proteins; 0 / Reactive Oxygen Species; 0 / Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor A; 15FIX9V2JP / titanium dioxide; 61512-21-8 / Thymosin; 77591-33-4 / thymosin beta(4); 88847-89-6 / 8-oxo-7-hydrodeoxyguanosine; D1JT611TNE / Titanium; G9481N71RO / Deoxyguanosine; K7Q1JQR04M / Dinoprostone
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC2774079
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10. Browning J, Frieden I, Baselga E, Wagner A, Metry D: Congenital, self-regressing tufted angioma. Arch Dermatol; 2006 Jun;142(6):749-51
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  • BACKGROUND: Tufted angioma (known in Japanese literature as angioblastoma of Nakagawa) is an uncommon, histologically benign, vascular tumor.
  • [MeSH-major] Hemangioma, Capillary / diagnosis. Neoplasm Regression, Spontaneous / pathology. Skin Neoplasms / diagnosis

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  • (PMID = 16785378.001).
  • [ISSN] 0003-987X
  • [Journal-full-title] Archives of dermatology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Arch Dermatol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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11. Yu Y, Fuhr J, Boye E, Gyorffy S, Soker S, Atala A, Mulliken JB, Bischoff J: Mesenchymal stem cells and adipogenesis in hemangioma involution. Stem Cells; 2006 Jun;24(6):1605-12
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  • Hemangioma is a benign tumor of infancy whose hallmark is rapid growth during the first year of life followed by slow regression during early childhood.
  • The proliferating phase is characterized by abundant immature endothelial cells, the involuting phase by prominent endothelial-lined vascular channels and endothelial apoptosis, and the involuted phase by few remaining capillary-like vessels surrounded by loose fibrofatty tissue.
  • We postulated that mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) reside in the tumor and preferentially differentiate into adipocytes.
  • The numbers of adipogenic Hem-MSCs were higher in proliferating-phase than in involuting-phase tumors and higher than in normal infantile skin.
  • [MeSH-minor] Antigens, Neoplasm / metabolism. Cell Differentiation. Cell Proliferation. Clone Cells / pathology. Female. Granuloma, Pyogenic / genetics. Granuloma, Pyogenic / immunology. Granuloma, Pyogenic / pathology. Humans. Infant. Infant, Newborn. Neoplasm Regression, Spontaneous / pathology. Neoplastic Stem Cells / pathology. Skin Neoplasms / genetics. Skin Neoplasms / immunology. Skin Neoplasms / pathology. X Chromosome Inactivation

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  • (PMID = 16456130.001).
  • [ISSN] 1066-5099
  • [Journal-full-title] Stem cells (Dayton, Ohio)
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Stem Cells
  • [Language] eng
  • [Grant] United States / NIAMS NIH HHS / AR / P01 AR 048564
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Antigens, Neoplasm
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12. Ettl T, Kleinheinz J, Mehrotra R, Schwarz S, Reichert TE, Driemel O: Infraorbital cutaneous angiosarcoma: a diagnostic and therapeutic dilemma. Head Face Med; 2008;4:18
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  • [Title] Infraorbital cutaneous angiosarcoma: a diagnostic and therapeutic dilemma.
  • BACKGROUND: A cutaneous angiosarcoma is a rare malignant tumour of vascular endothelial cells with aggressive clinical behaviour and poor prognosis.
  • Diagnosis is often delayed due to its variable and often benign clinical appearance.
  • Histopathologic examination of the specimen diagnosed a cutaneous angiosarcoma.
  • [MeSH-major] Facial Neoplasms / pathology. Hemangiosarcoma / pathology. Neoplasm Recurrence, Local / pathology. Skin Neoplasms / pathology
  • [MeSH-minor] Biopsy, Needle. Chemotherapy, Adjuvant. Combined Modality Therapy. Disease Progression. Fatal Outcome. Humans. Immunohistochemistry. Male. Middle Aged. Neoplasm Staging. Radiotherapy, Adjuvant. Reoperation

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  • (PMID = 18694495.001).
  • [ISSN] 1746-160X
  • [Journal-full-title] Head & face medicine
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Head Face Med
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC2533304
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13. Lowe MP, Chamberlain DH, Kamelle SA, Johnson PR, Tillmanns TD: A multi-institutional experience with robotic-assisted radical hysterectomy for early stage cervical cancer. Gynecol Oncol; 2009 May;113(2):191-4
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  • METHODS: A multi-institutional robotic surgical consortium consisting of five board-certified gynecologist oncologist in distinct geographical regions of the United States was created to evaluate the utility of robotics for gynecologic surgery (benign and malignant).
  • Between April 2003 and August 2008, a total of 835 patients underwent robotic surgery for benign gynecologic disorders and/or gynecologic malignancies by a surgeon in the consortium.
  • The perioperative outcomes analyzed included: operative time (skin-skin), estimated blood loss (EBL), length of hospital stay, total lymph node count, conversion to laparotomy, and operative complications.
  • There was a single patient with Stage IA1 cervical cancer with vascular space invasion who underwent a type II radical hysterectomy.
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Female. Humans. Hysterectomy. Laparoscopy. Neoplasm Staging. Retrospective Studies. Robotics. Treatment Outcome


14. Laga AC, Tajirian AL, Islam MN, Bhattacharyya I, Cohen DM, Plamondon CJ, Robinson-Bostom L: Myopericytoma: report of two cases associated with trauma. J Cutan Pathol; 2008 Sep;35(9):866-70
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  • Myopericytoma is a rare, recently described tumor demonstrating a hemangiopericytoma-like vascular pattern.
  • Despite sharing morphologic features with angioleiomyoma, myofibroma and glomus tumor, myopericytoma is thought to represent a distinct perivascular myoid neoplasm of skin and soft tissues.
  • The tumor is characterized by a radial and perivascular arrangement of ovoid, spindled to round neoplastic cells that are immunoreactive to alpha-smooth muscle actin, often for h-caldesmon as well as smooth muscle myosin-heavy chain, and usually negative for desmin antibodies.
  • Most cases of myopericytoma are benign, however, local recurrence and malignancy have recently been reported, Myopericytoma can be multifocal involving a single or multiple anatomic regions, and tends to occur in dermal and superficial soft tissues of adults primarily on the extremities.
  • [MeSH-major] Hemangiopericytoma / pathology. Skin Neoplasms / pathology. Soft Tissue Neoplasms / pathology. Wounds and Injuries / complications
  • [MeSH-minor] Actins / metabolism. Aged. Biomarkers, Tumor / metabolism. Calcium-Binding Proteins / metabolism. Female. Humans. Male. Microfilament Proteins / metabolism. Middle Aged. Mouth Mucosa / injuries. Myosin Heavy Chains / metabolism. Nose / injuries. Treatment Outcome

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  • (PMID = 18494828.001).
  • [ISSN] 1600-0560
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of cutaneous pathology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Cutan. Pathol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Denmark
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Actins; 0 / Biomarkers, Tumor; 0 / Calcium-Binding Proteins; 0 / Microfilament Proteins; 0 / calponin; EC 3.6.4.1 / Myosin Heavy Chains
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15. Volmar KE, Cummings TJ, Wang WH, Creager AJ, Tyler DS, Xie HB: Clear cell hidradenoma: a mimic of metastatic clear cell tumors. Arch Pathol Lab Med; 2005 May;129(5):e113-6
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  • Clear cell hidradenoma is a benign skin appendage tumor that may mimic conventional-type renal cell carcinoma.
  • Histologically, clear cell hidradenoma contains small ductular lumens, focal apocrine and squamoid change, and a less prominent vascular pattern than renal cell carcinoma.
  • Knowing the cytologic features of primary skin adnexal neoplasms helps distinguish them from cutaneous metastases, which are more commonly referred for fine-needle aspiration biopsy evaluation.
  • We report the rare case of a patient with renal cell carcinoma who underwent excision of an axillary clear cell hidradenoma, which was clinically suggestive of cutaneous metastatic disease.
  • [MeSH-minor] Axilla. Biomarkers, Tumor / analysis. Diagnosis, Differential. Humans. Immunohistochemistry. Lymph Nodes / pathology. Lymph Nodes / surgery. Male. Middle Aged. Mitotic Index. Neoplasm Metastasis / diagnosis. Treatment Outcome

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  • (PMID = 15859654.001).
  • [ISSN] 1543-2165
  • [Journal-full-title] Archives of pathology & laboratory medicine
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Arch. Pathol. Lab. Med.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Biomarkers, Tumor
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16. Xu XL, Xu CR, Chen H, Cao YH, Zeng XS, Sun JF, Guo Y: Eruptive microvenular hemangiomas in 4 Chinese patients: clinicopathologic correlation and review of the literature. Am J Dermatopathol; 2010 Dec;32(8):837-40
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  • Microvenular hemangioma (MVH) is an uncommon benign vascular neoplasm that usually occurs as a solitary asymptomatic red or purple papule, nodule, or plaque with a predilection for the upper extremities.
  • [MeSH-major] Hemangioma / pathology. Skin Neoplasms / pathology. Venules / pathology
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Antigens, CD31 / analysis. Antigens, CD34 / analysis. Biomarkers, Tumor / analysis. Biopsy. China. Diagnosis, Differential. Female. Herpesvirus 8, Human / genetics. Herpesvirus 8, Human / isolation & purification. Humans. Immunohistochemistry. Male. Polymerase Chain Reaction. Predictive Value of Tests. Young Adult. von Willebrand Factor / analysis

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  • (PMID = 20881833.001).
  • [ISSN] 1533-0311
  • [Journal-full-title] The American Journal of dermatopathology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Am J Dermatopathol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Antigens, CD31; 0 / Antigens, CD34; 0 / Biomarkers, Tumor; 0 / von Willebrand Factor
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17. Misago N, Mori T, Narisawa Y: Nestin expression in stromal cells of trichoblastoma and basal cell carcinoma. J Eur Acad Dermatol Venereol; 2010 Nov;24(11):1354-8
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  • BACKGROUND: Both trichoblastoma and basal cell carcinoma (BCC) are considered to be a benign and malignant neoplasm of follicular germinative cells respectively.
  • [MeSH-major] Carcinoma, Basal Cell / metabolism. Intermediate Filament Proteins / metabolism. Nerve Tissue Proteins / metabolism. Sebaceous Gland Neoplasms / metabolism. Skin Neoplasms / metabolism. Stromal Cells / metabolism
  • [MeSH-minor] Biopsy. Endothelium, Vascular / metabolism. Endothelium, Vascular / pathology. Hair Follicle / metabolism. Hair Follicle / pathology. Humans. Immunohistochemistry. Nestin. Nevus, Sebaceous of Jadassohn / metabolism. Nevus, Sebaceous of Jadassohn / pathology

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  • (PMID = 20337823.001).
  • [ISSN] 1468-3083
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of the European Academy of Dermatology and Venereology : JEADV
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Eur Acad Dermatol Venereol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Netherlands
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Intermediate Filament Proteins; 0 / NES protein, human; 0 / Nerve Tissue Proteins; 0 / Nestin
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18. Montgomery E, Epstein JI: Anastomosing hemangioma of the genitourinary tract: a lesion mimicking angiosarcoma. Am J Surg Pathol; 2009 Sep;33(9):1364-9
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • BACKGROUND: We describe 6 cases of a poorly recognized vascular neoplasm that can simulate angiosarcoma.
  • DESIGN: Cases of a rare vascular tumor with a proclivity for the genitourinary tract encountered in our consultation material were prospectively collected between the year 1999 and 2008.
  • Vascular thrombi were typical (5/6, 83%) and the lesions had zones of central sclerosis with focal necrosis (5/6, 83%).
  • In all but one submitted consultation, the possibility of angiosarcoma had been raised based on the anastomosing vascular pattern.
  • CONCLUSIONS: Anastomosing hemangioma of the genitourinary tract is a rare neoplasm displaying some overlapping features of both sinusoidal hemangioma and hobnail hemangioma of soft tissue and skin.
  • However, in our opinion, it is a unique neoplasm with a proclivity for the kidney.
  • Its anastomosing appearance can lead to concern for angiosarcoma but, despite small numbers and limited follow-up in our series, evidence to date supports that the lesion is benign.
  • [MeSH-minor] Aged. Antigens, CD31 / analysis. Antigens, CD34 / analysis. Biomarkers, Tumor / analysis. Diagnosis, Differential. Factor VIII / analysis. Female. Humans. Kidney Neoplasms / chemistry. Kidney Neoplasms / pathology. Male. Middle Aged. Prospective Studies. Testicular Neoplasms / chemistry. Testicular Neoplasms / pathology. Treatment Outcome

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  • (PMID = 19606014.001).
  • [ISSN] 1532-0979
  • [Journal-full-title] The American journal of surgical pathology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Am. J. Surg. Pathol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Antigens, CD31; 0 / Antigens, CD34; 0 / Biomarkers, Tumor; 0 / F8 protein, human; 9001-27-8 / Factor VIII
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19. Kumar PV, Monabati A, Tabei SZ, Ramzy M, Husseini SV, Khajeh F: Metastatic follicular thyroid carcinoma diagnosed by fine needle aspiration cytology: a report of 3 cases. Acta Cytol; 2005 Mar-Apr;49(2):177-80
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  • BACKGROUND: Follicular thyroid carcinomas (FTCs) usually have a benign clinical course, with an excellent long-term prognosis and a propensity for vascular invasion.
  • CASES: A 68-year-old man presented with a thyroid mass and skin nodule on the scalp.
  • Skin nodule aspiration revealed metastatic FTC.
  • [MeSH-minor] Aged. Anemia / etiology. Biopsy, Fine-Needle. Bone and Bones / pathology. Epithelial Cells / pathology. Female. Humans. Male. Middle Aged. Neoplasm Metastasis. Prognosis. Skin Neoplasms / secondary

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  • (PMID = 15839624.001).
  • [ISSN] 0001-5547
  • [Journal-full-title] Acta cytologica
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Acta Cytol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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20. Brenn T, Fletcher CD: Radiation-associated cutaneous atypical vascular lesions and angiosarcoma: clinicopathologic analysis of 42 cases. Am J Surg Pathol; 2005 Aug;29(8):983-96
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  • [Title] Radiation-associated cutaneous atypical vascular lesions and angiosarcoma: clinicopathologic analysis of 42 cases.
  • Cutaneous angiosarcoma is a rare but well-recognized complication after radiation therapy.
  • Atypical post-radiation vascular lesions (AVLs) with a benign course have been described recently, but few cases with limited follow-up have been studied so far.
  • A total of 42 cases diagnosed as either radiation-associated cutaneous vascular lesions or angiosarcoma were retrieved from departmental and consultation files from 1995 to 2003.
  • The time interval from radiation was significantly shorter for the development of AVL (median, 3.5 years) compared with cutaneous angiosarcoma (median, 6 years).
  • These were fairly well-circumscribed lesions confined within superficial to mid dermis and composed of complex anastomosing and focally dilated vascular spaces.
  • This study outlines the morphologic spectrum of radiation-associated cutaneous AVLs.
  • No adverse outcome has been observed so far in this more benign subset of cases, but longer-term follow-up is necessary.
  • [MeSH-major] Hemangiosarcoma / etiology. Hemangiosarcoma / pathology. Neoplasms, Radiation-Induced / pathology. Skin / blood supply. Skin / pathology. Skin Neoplasms / etiology. Skin Neoplasms / pathology
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Aged. Aged, 80 and over. Breast Neoplasms / radiotherapy. Female. Follow-Up Studies. Humans. Middle Aged. Neoplasm Recurrence, Local. Neoplasms / radiotherapy. Time Factors

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  • (PMID = 16006792.001).
  • [ISSN] 0147-5185
  • [Journal-full-title] The American journal of surgical pathology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Am. J. Surg. Pathol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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21. Ghazali N, Cascarini L, Norris P, Barrett AW, Lavery KM: Perivascular epithelioid cell tumor (PEComa) of the cheek. Oral Surg Oral Med Oral Pathol Oral Radiol Endod; 2010 Jul;110(1):e26-31
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  • [Title] Perivascular epithelioid cell tumor (PEComa) of the cheek.
  • We present the unusual case of a perivascular epithelioid cell tumor (PEComa) occurring within the cheek of a 32-year-old woman.
  • It mainly affects the abdominopelvic region and rarely occurs in somatic soft tissue or skin.
  • To our knowledge, this is the first reported case of PEComa occurring in the facial cutaneous tissues.
  • Other possible diagnoses considered included benign mesenchymal tumors of smooth muscle or neural origin.
  • The tumor was completely excised, but in view of uncertainty as to how this entity would behave in an unusual location, lifelong follow up is recommended.
  • [MeSH-minor] Actins / analysis. Adult. Antigens, Neoplasm / analysis. Arterioles / pathology. Diagnosis, Differential. Epithelioid Cells / pathology. Female. Follow-Up Studies. Humans. MART-1 Antigen. Muscle, Smooth, Vascular / pathology. Neoplasm Proteins / analysis

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  • [Copyright] Copyright (c) 2010 Mosby, Inc. All rights reserved.
  • (PMID = 20610292.001).
  • [ISSN] 1528-395X
  • [Journal-full-title] Oral surgery, oral medicine, oral pathology, oral radiology, and endodontics
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Oral Surg Oral Med Oral Pathol Oral Radiol Endod
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Actins; 0 / Antigens, Neoplasm; 0 / MART-1 Antigen; 0 / MLANA protein, human; 0 / Neoplasm Proteins
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22. Pianezza ML, Singh D, Van der Kwast T, Jarvi K: Rare case of recurrent angiokeratoma of Fordyce on penile shaft. Urology; 2006 Oct;68(4):891.e1-3
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  • Angiokeratomas are benign cutaneous vascular lesions characterized by dilated thin-walled blood vessels lying in the upper part of the dermis, mostly associated with an epidermal reaction such as acanthosis and/or hyperkeratosis.
  • [MeSH-major] Angiokeratoma / pathology. Skin Neoplasms / pathology
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Humans. Male. Neoplasm Recurrence, Local. Penis

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  • (PMID = 17070385.001).
  • [ISSN] 1527-9995
  • [Journal-full-title] Urology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Urology
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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23. Kosmidis C, Efthimiadis C, Anthimidis G, Karayannopoulou G, Grigoriou M, Vassiliadou K, Berovali E, Fachantidis P, Fahantidis E: Kaposi's sarcoma of the hand mimicking squamous cell carcinoma in a woman with no evidence of HIV infection: a case report. J Med Case Rep; 2008;2:213
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  • INTRODUCTION: Kaposi's sarcoma is a vascular neoplasm mainly affecting the skin of the lower extremities.
  • Although it is the most common neoplasm affecting patients with AIDS, sporadic cases in HIV-negative people have been reported.
  • It is a lesion mainly affecting men and its clinical presentation presents a challenge, as it can resemble other benign or malignant skin lesions.
  • The patient was treated with a wide excision of the lesion and primary reconstruction with a full thickness skin graft.
  • CONCLUSION: Kaposi's sarcoma, although rare in its sporadic form, should be considered in the differential diagnosis of indeterminate skin lesions, especially those affecting the extremities.

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  • [Cites] Semin Cancer Biol. 1999 Jun;9(3):151-64 [10343067.001]
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  • (PMID = 18565232.001).
  • [ISSN] 1752-1947
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of medical case reports
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Med Case Rep
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC2442120
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24. Cohn ML, Goncharuk VN, Diwan AH, Zhang PS, Shen SS, Prieto VG: Loss of claudin-1 expression in tumor-associated vessels correlates with acquisition of metastatic phenotype in melanocytic neoplasms. J Cutan Pathol; 2005 Sep;32(8):533-6
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  • [Title] Loss of claudin-1 expression in tumor-associated vessels correlates with acquisition of metastatic phenotype in melanocytic neoplasms.
  • It is unknown whether claudins play a role in cutaneous melanoma.
  • Immunohistochemical studies were performed on tissue microarrays containing 19 benign melanocytic nevi (BN), 21 dysplastic nevi (DN), 23 primary malignant melanomas (MMs), and 31 metastatic melanomas (MMMs) using a polyclonal anti-claudin-1 antibody.
  • Immunoreactivity in tumor cells and associated vessels was graded by intensity and by percentage of reactive cells.
  • Tumor-associated vessels showed the following results: 11 of 19 (58%) in BN, 14 of 21 (67%) in DN, 17 of 23 (74%) in MM, and 6 of 31 (19%) in MMM.
  • A significant loss of expression was noted between MMM and all other lesions in tumor cells and associated vessels.
  • Within primary melanomas, there was a significant correlation between expression of claudin in tumor cells and Clark level/Breslow thickness.
  • Also significant was a decreased expression of claudin in tumor vessels of lesions with higher Breslow thickness or Clark level.
  • These data suggest that loss of claudin-1 may play a significant role in the acquisition of metastatic phenotype in cutaneous melanoma.
  • Loss of claudin-1 expression in tumor-associated vessels correlates with acquisition of metastatic phenotype in melanocytic neoplasms.
  • [MeSH-major] Dysplastic Nevus Syndrome / metabolism. Melanoma / metabolism. Membrane Proteins / metabolism. Nevus, Pigmented / metabolism. Skin Neoplasms / metabolism
  • [MeSH-minor] Blood Vessels / metabolism. Blood Vessels / pathology. Claudin-1. Endothelium, Vascular / metabolism. Endothelium, Vascular / pathology. Fluorescent Antibody Technique, Indirect. Humans. Immunoenzyme Techniques. Neoplasm Metastasis. Phenotype. Protein Array Analysis

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  • (PMID = 16115050.001).
  • [ISSN] 0303-6987
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of cutaneous pathology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Cutan. Pathol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Denmark
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / CLDN1 protein, human; 0 / Claudin-1; 0 / Membrane Proteins
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25. Fröhlich E, Mack AF, Garbe C, Klessen C: Distribution and colocalization of markers for proliferation, invasion, motility and neoangiogenesis in benign melanocytic naevi and malignant melanomas. Br J Dermatol; 2005 Dec;153(6):1159-65
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  • [Title] Distribution and colocalization of markers for proliferation, invasion, motility and neoangiogenesis in benign melanocytic naevi and malignant melanomas.
  • METHODS: The distribution and colocalization of markers for proliferation, invasion, angiogenesis and motility of the tumour cells were investigated using antibodies directed against actin, cathepsin B (CatB), transforming growth factor-beta, vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), proliferating cell nuclear antigen/Ki-67 and basic fibroblast growth factor (FGF-2).
  • [MeSH-major] Biomarkers, Tumor / metabolism. Melanoma / diagnosis. Nevus, Pigmented / diagnosis. Skin Neoplasms / diagnosis
  • [MeSH-minor] Cell Movement. Cell Proliferation. Diagnosis, Differential. Epidermal Growth Factor / metabolism. Humans. Neoplasm Invasiveness. Neoplasm Proteins / metabolism. Neovascularization, Pathologic / metabolism

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  • (PMID = 16307652.001).
  • [ISSN] 0007-0963
  • [Journal-full-title] The British journal of dermatology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Br. J. Dermatol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Biomarkers, Tumor; 0 / Neoplasm Proteins; 62229-50-9 / Epidermal Growth Factor
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26. Rader C, Piorkowski J, Bass DM, Babigian A: Epulis gravidarum manum: pyogenic granuloma of the hand occurring in pregnant women. J Hand Surg Am; 2008 Feb;33(2):263-5
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  • Pyogenic granuloma, also known as lobular capillary hemangioma, is a benign vascular tumor of the skin and mucous membranes.
  • We propose the term epulis gravidarum manum to describe this skin lesion.
  • [MeSH-major] Granuloma, Pyogenic / pathology. Hand / pathology. Pregnancy Complications / pathology. Skin Diseases / pathology


27. Requena L, Luis Díaz J, Manzarbeitia F, Carrillo R, Fernández-Herrera J, Kutzner H: Cutaneous composite hemangioendothelioma with satellitosis and lymph node metastases. J Cutan Pathol; 2008 Feb;35(2):225-30
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  • [Title] Cutaneous composite hemangioendothelioma with satellitosis and lymph node metastases.
  • The term hemangioendothelioma has been used in recent years to name a heterogeneous group of vascular neoplasms, intermediate in both biological behavior and histopathologic appearance between benign tumors (hemangiomas) and frankly malignant tumors (angiosarcomas).
  • The latter is a vascular neoplasm showing varying combinations of benign, low-grade malignant and malignant vascular components.
  • The neoplasm showed a more aggressive behavior than other reported cases of composite hemangioendothelioma and it developed satellitosis and metastases to the inguinal lymph nodes.
  • [MeSH-major] Foot Diseases / pathology. Hemangioendothelioma / pathology. Leg / pathology. Lymphatic Metastasis / pathology. Skin Neoplasms / pathology
  • [MeSH-minor] Homeodomain Proteins / metabolism. Humans. Immunohistochemistry. Male. Middle Aged. Tumor Suppressor Proteins / metabolism

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  • (PMID = 18190450.001).
  • [ISSN] 1600-0560
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of cutaneous pathology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Cutan. Pathol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Denmark
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Homeodomain Proteins; 0 / Tumor Suppressor Proteins; 0 / prospero-related homeobox 1 protein
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28. de Wind A, Meert V, Chahidi N, Theunis A, Somerhausen Nde S: [Retiform haemangioendothelioma: a case report]. Ann Pathol; 2009 Dec;29(6):491-4
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  • Retiform haemangioendothelioma is a locally aggressive, very rarely metastasizing vascular lesion.
  • The term hemangioendothelioma should be restricted to vascular tumours of "intermediate malignancy" but has been used to designate tumours with variable histological features and clinical behaviour.
  • Spindle cell hemangio(endothelio)ma is currently regarded as a benign reactive lesion.
  • Epithelioid hemangioendothelioma is associated with a significant metastatic risk and has been included in the category of malignant vascular tumors.
  • The vascular lesions fulfilling the strict definition of hemangioendothelioma include retiform hemangioendothelioma, papillary intralymphatic angioendothelioma "Dabska's tumor", composite hemangioendothelioma and perhaps the controversial polymorphic hemangioendothelioma.
  • [MeSH-major] Hemangioendothelioma / pathology. Skin Neoplasms / pathology
  • [MeSH-minor] Antigens, CD / analysis. Antigens, CD31 / analysis. Antigens, CD34 / analysis. Endothelium, Vascular / pathology. Humans. Male. Middle Aged. Neoplasm Metastasis. Tibia / pathology. Vascular Neoplasms / pathology

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  • (PMID = 20005438.001).
  • [ISSN] 0242-6498
  • [Journal-full-title] Annales de pathologie
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Ann Pathol
  • [Language] fre
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] France
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Antigens, CD; 0 / Antigens, CD31; 0 / Antigens, CD34
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29. Manduch M, Oliveira AM, Nascimento AG, Folpe AL: Massive localised lymphoedema: a clinicopathological study of 22 cases and review of the literature. J Clin Pathol; 2009 Sep;62(9):808-11
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  • Clinically, most lesions were regarded as representing benign processes, including pedunculated lipoma, lymphocoele or recurrent cellulites, although soft tissue sarcoma was also suspected in two cases.
  • Grossly, all masses showed markedly thickened skin with a "cobblestone" appearance, and were ill-defined, unencapsulated, lobulate, and very large (mean size 31 cm, range 15-61.5 cm, mean weight 3386 g, range 1133-10,800 g).
  • Multinucleated fibroblastic cells, marked vascular proliferation, moderate stromal cellularity and fascicular growth raised concern among referring pathologists for atypical lipomatous tumour/well differentiated liposarcoma, angiosarcoma, and a fibroblastic neoplasm such as fibromatosis in 10, 2 and 1 case, respectively.

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  • (PMID = 19734477.001).
  • [ISSN] 1472-4146
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of clinical pathology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Clin. Pathol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Number-of-references] 23
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30. Leon-Villapalos J, Wolfe K, Calonje E, Kangesu L: Involuting solitary cutaneous infantile myofibroma and thrombocytopaenia: a previously unreported clinical association. J Plast Reconstr Aesthet Surg; 2007;60(11):1260-2
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  • [Title] Involuting solitary cutaneous infantile myofibroma and thrombocytopaenia: a previously unreported clinical association.
  • Behaviour is usually benign, but mortality has been described in lesions with visceral involvement.
  • We report a unique case of congenital solitary cutaneous infantile myofibroma in a neonate associated with self-limiting thrombocytopaenia.
  • It is important to distinguish accurately these lesions from benign vascular tumours like haemangiomas, locally aggressive vascular tumours like Kaposiform haemangioendotheliomas, which are often associated with Kasabach-Merritt phenomenon and also with malignant soft tissue tumours of infancy.
  • [MeSH-major] Diseases in Twins / diagnosis. Myofibroma / diagnosis. Skin Neoplasms / diagnosis. Thrombocytopenia / diagnosis
  • [MeSH-minor] Humans. Infant. Male. Neoplasm Regression, Spontaneous. Treatment Outcome

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  • (PMID = 17950191.001).
  • [ISSN] 1748-6815
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of plastic, reconstructive & aesthetic surgery : JPRAS
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Plast Reconstr Aesthet Surg
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Netherlands
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31. Gleason BC, Fletcher CD: Deep "benign" fibrous histiocytoma: clinicopathologic analysis of 69 cases of a rare tumor indicating occasional metastatic potential. Am J Surg Pathol; 2008 Mar;32(3):354-62
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  • [Title] Deep "benign" fibrous histiocytoma: clinicopathologic analysis of 69 cases of a rare tumor indicating occasional metastatic potential.
  • Benign fibrous histiocytoma (FH) is one of the most common mesenchymal neoplasms of the skin.
  • Several histologic variants of cutaneous FH have been described, some of which also have distinct clinical features including a propensity for local recurrence.
  • Deep benign FH is an uncommon and poorly recognized clinical subtype that arises in subcutaneous or deep soft tissue.
  • Other common findings included a hemangiopericytomalike vascular pattern (42%) and stromal hyalinization (39%).
  • Of the 37 patients for whom clinical follow-up was available (median, 40 mo), 8 (22%) had a local recurrence; in all 8 cases, the tumor had been marginally or incompletely excised.
  • The metastasizing tumors were large (6 and 9 cm) and 1 had tumor necrosis but they were otherwise histologically identical to the nonmetastasizing lesions.
  • In summary, deep FH has many histologic features in common with cutaneous cellular FH; however, it usually has a more diffusely storiform pattern than the latter, is well circumscribed, and may have striking hemangiopericytomalike vessels.
  • [MeSH-major] Histiocytoma, Benign Fibrous / pathology. Neoplasm Metastasis / pathology. Skin Neoplasms / pathology. Soft Tissue Neoplasms / pathology
  • [MeSH-minor] Actins / analysis. Adolescent. Adult. Aged. Aged, 80 and over. Antigens, CD34 / analysis. Child. Desmin / analysis. Female. Humans. Immunohistochemistry. Male. Middle Aged. Mitosis. Necrosis. Neoplasm Recurrence, Local

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  • (PMID = 18300816.001).
  • [ISSN] 0147-5185
  • [Journal-full-title] The American journal of surgical pathology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Am. J. Surg. Pathol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Actins; 0 / Antigens, CD34; 0 / Desmin
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32. Kondraganti S, Gondi CS, Gujrati M, McCutcheon I, Dinh DH, Rao JS, Olivero WC: Restoration of tissue factor pathway inhibitor inhibits invasion and tumor growth in vitro and in vivo in a malignant meningioma cell line. Int J Oncol; 2006 Jul;29(1):25-32
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  • [Title] Restoration of tissue factor pathway inhibitor inhibits invasion and tumor growth in vitro and in vivo in a malignant meningioma cell line.
  • It is secreted by all vascular cells and plays a role in tumor invasion and metastasis, presumably by plasmin-mediated matrix remodeling.
  • Previous studies have shown high expression of TFPI-2 by benign tumors and low or absent expression in highly malignant tumors.
  • Restoration of TFPI-2 led to decreased invasiveness of transfected cells compared to parental and vector controls in Matrigel and spheroid assays and inhibition of angiogenesis in in vitro co-cultures with human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVEC) and in vivo dorsal skin assay studies.
  • Finally, TFPI-2 overexpression inhibited intracranial tumor formation in nude mice.
  • Our data substantiate our previous observation that TFPI-2 plays an important role in tumor progression and has potential in anti-cancer therapy.

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  • (PMID = 16773181.001).
  • [ISSN] 1019-6439
  • [Journal-full-title] International journal of oncology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Int. J. Oncol.
  • [Language] ENG
  • [Grant] United States / NINDS NIH HHS / NS / NS47699; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / R01 CA075557; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / CA75557; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / CA116708; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / CA95058; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / R01 CA116708; United States / NINDS NIH HHS / NS / R01 NS047699; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / R01 CA095058; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / R01 CA092393; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / CA92393
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] Greece
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Drug Combinations; 0 / Glycoproteins; 0 / Laminin; 0 / Lipoproteins; 0 / Proteoglycans; 0 / bcl-2-Associated X Protein; 0 / lipoprotein-associated coagulation inhibitor; 0 / tissue-factor-pathway inhibitor 2; 119978-18-6 / matrigel; 9007-34-5 / Collagen; 9007-43-6 / Cytochromes c; EC 3.4.22.- / Caspase 3
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ NIHMS9141; NLM/ PMC1479607
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33. Mentzel T, Dei Tos AP, Sapi Z, Kutzner H: Myopericytoma of skin and soft tissues: clinicopathologic and immunohistochemical study of 54 cases. Am J Surg Pathol; 2006 Jan;30(1):104-13
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  • [Title] Myopericytoma of skin and soft tissues: clinicopathologic and immunohistochemical study of 54 cases.
  • Perivascular neoplasms comprise traditionally glomus tumor and hemangiopericytoma (HPC).
  • Whereas glomus tumor represents a well-defined entity, the existence of HPC as a separate entity has been questioned because a number of neoplasms of different lines of differentiation are characterized by a HPC-like vascular growth pattern.
  • Myopericytoma represents a recently delineated entity showing a HPC-like vascular pattern.
  • A large series of myopericytoma of skin and soft tissues has been analyzed to further characterize the clinicopathologic spectrum of this entity.
  • Fifty-four cases of myopericytoma of skin and soft tissues were retrieved and the histology reviewed.
  • Histologically, in all cases, numerous thin-walled vessels and a concentric, perivascular arrangement of ovoid, plump spindled to round myoid tumor cells was seen.
  • Despite overlapping morphologic features to angioleiomyoma and myofibroma, myopericytoma represents a distinct perivascular, myoid neoplasm of skin and soft tissues, characterized by a broad morphologic spectrum of concentrically, perivascularly growing myoid tumor cells that stain positively for ASMA and often for h-caldesmon, whereas desmin is usually negative.
  • Most cases of myopericytoma behave in a benign fashion, but local recurrences and rarely metastases may occur in atypical and malignant neoplasms.
  • [MeSH-major] Biomarkers, Tumor / analysis. Neoplasms, Vascular Tissue / pathology. Skin Neoplasms / pathology. Soft Tissue Neoplasms / pathology
  • [MeSH-minor] Adolescent. Adult. Aged. Aged, 80 and over. Angiomyoma / pathology. Diagnosis, Differential. Female. Glomus Tumor / pathology. Hemangiopericytoma / metabolism. Hemangiopericytoma / pathology. Humans. Immunohistochemistry. Male. Middle Aged. Myofibroma / pathology

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  • (PMID = 16330949.001).
  • [ISSN] 0147-5185
  • [Journal-full-title] The American journal of surgical pathology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Am. J. Surg. Pathol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Biomarkers, Tumor
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34. Zmonarski SC, Boratyńska M, Puziewicz-Zmonarska A, Kazimierczak K, Klinger M: Kaposi's sarcoma in renal transplant recipients. Ann Transplant; 2005;10(2):59-65
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • Kaposi's sarcoma (KS) is a spindle-shaped vascular cell tumor that occurs in the skin, lymphoid, respiratory and gastrointestinal tissues.
  • It may resemble aggressive malignant neoplasm in HIV-related or in post-transplant types but classic form may behave as benign, potentially controllable and reversible hyperplasia.
  • Histological picture shows networks of spindle shaped cells and vascular spaces surrounded by an endothelial cell layer.


35. Urquhart JL, Uzieblo A, Kohler S: Detection of HHV-8 in pyogenic granuloma-like Kaposi sarcoma. Am J Dermatopathol; 2006 Aug;28(4):317-21
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  • Kaposi sarcoma (KS) is a low-grade vascular neoplasm associated with human herpesvirus-8 (HHV-8) infection.
  • Recently, we encountered 6 KS tumors that histologically mimicked pyogenic granuloma (PG), a common benign vascular tumor of the skin that usually does not figure in the histologic differential diagnosis of KS.

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  • (PMID = 16871034.001).
  • [ISSN] 0193-1091
  • [Journal-full-title] The American Journal of dermatopathology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Am J Dermatopathol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Antigens, Viral; 0 / Nuclear Proteins; 0 / Phosphoproteins; 0 / latent nuclear antigen (LNA)
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36. Pisacane AM, Risio M: VEGF and VEGFR-2 immunohistochemistry in human melanocytic naevi and cutaneous melanomas. Melanoma Res; 2005 Feb;15(1):39-43
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  • [Title] VEGF and VEGFR-2 immunohistochemistry in human melanocytic naevi and cutaneous melanomas.
  • Vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) and vascular endothelial growth factor receptor-2 (VEGFR-2) play a key role in vasculogenesis and angiogenic sprouting, which are crucial for tumour development and metastasis.
  • In order to determine their possible role in the acquisition of metastatic potential throughout melanocytic tumour progression, VEGF and VEGFR-2 immunohistochemical expression were evaluated in 36 human melanocytic tumours of the skin (24 malignant melanomas and 12 common naevi).
  • Taken together, these data indicate that VEGF production is a common event in benign melanocytic tumours, whereas VEGFR-2 expression, co-localized in the cytoplasmic and nuclear membrane, is associated with progression towards invasive melanoma.
  • The role exerted by VEGF/VEGFR-2, however, seems to be independent of the development of a tumour-related capillary network.
  • [MeSH-major] Biomarkers, Tumor / metabolism. Melanoma / metabolism. Nevus, Pigmented / metabolism. Skin Neoplasms / metabolism. Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor A / metabolism. Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor Receptor-2 / metabolism
  • [MeSH-minor] Cell Nucleus / metabolism. Cell Nucleus / pathology. Cytoplasm / metabolism. Cytoplasm / pathology. Humans. Immunoenzyme Techniques. Neoplasm Invasiveness

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  • (PMID = 15714119.001).
  • [ISSN] 0960-8931
  • [Journal-full-title] Melanoma research
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Melanoma Res.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Biomarkers, Tumor; 0 / Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor A; EC 2.7.10.1 / Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor Receptor-2
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37. McCluggage WG, Boyde A: Uterine angioleiomyomas: a report of 3 cases of a distinctive benign leiomyoma variant. Int J Surg Pathol; 2007 Jul;15(3):262-5
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  • [Title] Uterine angioleiomyomas: a report of 3 cases of a distinctive benign leiomyoma variant.
  • We report 3 cases of a distinctive uterine leiomyoma containing numerous thick-walled vascular channels, which we term angioleiomyoma.
  • We believe angioleiomyoma should be recognized as a distinct entity and included in the World Health Organization classification of tumors of the female genital tract as a benign leiomyoma variant, similar to cellular and atypical leiomyoma.
  • Uterine angioleiomyoma has a close morphological resemblance to the similarly named skin tumor.
  • We review uterine smooth-muscle and other mesenchymal neoplasms in which prominent vascular channels are a feature.
  • [MeSH-minor] Actins / genetics. Actins / metabolism. Adult. Antigens, Neoplasm. Calmodulin-Binding Proteins / genetics. Calmodulin-Binding Proteins / metabolism. Desmin / genetics. Desmin / metabolism. Female. Gene Expression Regulation, Neoplastic. Humans. Melanoma-Specific Antigens. Middle Aged. Neoplasm Proteins / genetics. Neoplasm Proteins / metabolism

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  • (PMID = 17652533.001).
  • [ISSN] 1066-8969
  • [Journal-full-title] International journal of surgical pathology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Int. J. Surg. Pathol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Actins; 0 / Antigens, Neoplasm; 0 / Calmodulin-Binding Proteins; 0 / Desmin; 0 / Melanoma-Specific Antigens; 0 / Neoplasm Proteins
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38. Al-Za'abi AM, Ghazarian D, Greenberg GR, Shaw JC: Eruptive tufted angiomas in a patient with Crohn's disease. J Clin Pathol; 2005 Feb;58(2):214-6
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  • Angioblastoma is a rare, benign vascular tumour composed of undifferentiated mesenchymal cells with a tendency to form lumina.
  • He developed numerous small itchy erythematous vascular appearing papules, which on histological examination resembled tufted angiomas, showing the classic "cannon ball" appearance.
  • [MeSH-major] Crohn Disease / pathology. Hemangioma / pathology. Skin Neoplasms / pathology
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Antibodies, Monoclonal / administration & dosage. Gastrointestinal Agents / administration & dosage. Humans. Immunocompromised Host. Infliximab. Injections, Intravenous. Male. Neoplasm Regression, Spontaneous

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  • (PMID = 15677546.001).
  • [ISSN] 0021-9746
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of clinical pathology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Clin. Pathol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Antibodies, Monoclonal; 0 / Gastrointestinal Agents; B72HH48FLU / Infliximab
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC1770572
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39. Gouedard C, Dupré-Goetghebeur D, Gagneur A, Sannier K, Misery L: [Neonatal haemangiomatosis in identical twins with twin-twin transfusion syndrome]. Ann Dermatol Venereol; 2007 Nov;134(11):863-6
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  • INTRODUCTION: Benign natal haemangiomatosis is characterised by the presence of multiple congenital haemangiomas restricted to the skin.
  • It is differentiated from diffuse neonatal haemangiomatosis in which there is both cutaneous and visceral involvement, with higher morbidity and mortality.
  • It is a serious complication of twin pregnancies resulting from a dynamic process of interfoetal blood transfusion as a result of venous-venous or arteriovenous vascular anastomoses.
  • [MeSH-major] Diseases in Twins / congenital. Fetofetal Transfusion / genetics. Hemangioma / congenital. Infant, Premature. Infant, Premature, Diseases / genetics. Skin Neoplasms / congenital. Twins, Monozygotic
  • [MeSH-minor] Female. Fetal Growth Retardation / etiology. Humans. Infant, Newborn. Liver Neoplasms / congenital. Liver Neoplasms / genetics. Male. Neoplasm Regression, Spontaneous. Pregnancy






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