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1. Katz MH, McKiernan JM: Treatment of nonretroperitoneal residual germ cell tumor masses. Urol Oncol; 2005 Nov-Dec;23(6):431-9
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  • [Title] Treatment of nonretroperitoneal residual germ cell tumor masses.
  • The appropriate treatment of residual disease outside the retroperitoneum after chemotherapy is a crucial component of the comprehensive approach to treating advanced testicular germ cell tumors (GCT).
  • Although some data suggest that certain variables such as retroperitoneal lymph node dissection histology can accurately predict nonretroperitoneal histology, a multitude of studies show significant histologic discordance among different sites.
  • Therefore, in patients with normalized serum tumor markers, we recommend resection of all sites of residual disease outside the retroperitoneum.

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  • [CommentIn] Urol Oncol. 2005 Nov-Dec;23(6):439-40 [16301124.001]
  • (PMID = 16301123.001).
  • [ISSN] 1078-1439
  • [Journal-full-title] Urologic oncology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Urol. Oncol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Number-of-references] 40
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2. Tseng TK, Lee RC, Chou YH, Chen WY, Su CH: Retroperitoneal venous hemangioma. J Formos Med Assoc; 2005 Sep;104(9):681-3
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  • [Title] Retroperitoneal venous hemangioma.
  • Venous hemangioma is an extremely uncommon tumor.
  • We report a 61-year-old woman with a surgically proven venous hemangioma in the retroperitoneum.
  • Only subtotal resection of the tumor was done due to technical difficulty.
  • Follow-up magnetic resonance imaging 7 months after surgery showed reduction in size and much delayed enhancement of the residual tumor.
  • In conclusion, firm attachment to adjacent organs and much delayed enhancement are clues for the diagnosis of a venous hemangioma.

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  • (PMID = 16276446.001).
  • [ISSN] 0929-6646
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of the Formosan Medical Association = Taiwan yi zhi
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Formos. Med. Assoc.
  • [Language] ENG
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Singapore
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3. Lennon AM, Penman ID: Endoscopic ultrasound in cancer staging. Br Med Bull; 2007;84:81-98
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • It allows highly detailed assessment of the gastrointestinal wall layers as well as to visualize extraluminal structures such as the mediastium and retroperitoneum.
  • Future developments are discussed, which may include using EUS-guided delivery of anti-tumour agents directly into tumours.
  • [MeSH-major] Endosonography / methods. Neoplasm Staging / methods. Neoplasms / ultrasonography

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  • (PMID = 18096635.001).
  • [ISSN] 0007-1420
  • [Journal-full-title] British medical bulletin
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Br. Med. Bull.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Number-of-references] 157
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4. Yamagishi M, Tajima S, Suetake A, Kawakami H, Watanabe T, Kuriyama H, Takada T, Suzuki E, Gejyo F: Dermatomyositis with hemorrhagic myositis. Rheumatol Int; 2009 Sep;29(11):1363-6
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • Computed tomography of the abdomen showed hematoma in the right retroperitoneum and left rectus-sheath.
  • [MeSH-minor] Abdominal Pain / etiology. Aneurysm / complications. Female. Hematoma / complications. Hematoma / etiology. Humans. Middle Aged. Retroperitoneal Space


5. Rollino C, Guzman H, Beltrame G, Ferro M, Quattrocchio G, Bellis D, Quarello F: Retroperitoneal fibrosis and schistosomiasis: a causal relationship? Eur J Intern Med; 2008 Jun;19(4):297-9
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  • [Title] Retroperitoneal fibrosis and schistosomiasis: a causal relationship?
  • Retroperitoneal fibrosis (RPF) is characterized by replacement of the normal tissue of the retroperitoneum with fibrosis and/or chronic inflammation.
  • About two-thirds of cases of RPF are idiopathic and one-third is secondary to drugs, infections (tuberculosis, syphilis, actinomycosis, fungal infections), retroperitoneal hemorrhage, or malignancy.
  • [MeSH-major] Retroperitoneal Fibrosis / diagnosis. Retroperitoneal Fibrosis / parasitology. Schistosomiasis / complications. Schistosomiasis / diagnosis

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  • (PMID = 18471683.001).
  • [ISSN] 1879-0828
  • [Journal-full-title] European journal of internal medicine
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Eur. J. Intern. Med.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Netherlands
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6. Raney B, Stoner J, Anderson J, Andrassy R, Arndt C, Brown K, Crist W, Maurer H, Qualman S, Wharam M, Wiener E, Meyer W, Hayes-Jordan A, Soft-Tissue Sarcoma Committee of the Children's Oncology Group: Impact of tumor viability at second-look procedures performed before completing treatment on the Intergroup Rhabdomyosarcoma Study Group protocol IRS-IV, 1991-1997: a report from the children's oncology group. J Pediatr Surg; 2010 Nov;45(11):2160-8
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  • [Title] Impact of tumor viability at second-look procedures performed before completing treatment on the Intergroup Rhabdomyosarcoma Study Group protocol IRS-IV, 1991-1997: a report from the children's oncology group.
  • PURPOSES: The aims of the study were to compare results of clinical/radiographic studies before second-look procedures (SLP) with SLP specimens from patients with gross residual sarcoma at diagnosis and to relate tumor viability to outcome.
  • Tumor sites were bladder/prostate (n = 27), head/orbit/parameningeal (n = 22), extremity/trunk (n = 14), and retroperitoneum/pelvis (n = 10).
  • RESULTS: Of 14 patients, 1 (7%) with clinical/radiographic complete response (CR) had viable tumor.
  • Of 59 patients, 35 (59%) without CR had viable tumor.
  • Five-year failure-free survival (FFS) rates were 81% in 37 patients without viable tumor and 53% in 36 patients with viable tumor (Cox proportional hazards adjusted P = .05).
  • Five-year FFS rates were 67% in 15 patients with clear margins and 43% in 21 patients with tumor-involved margins (n = 18) or viable gross tumor (n = 3) (Cox proportional hazards adjusted P = .04).
  • CONCLUSIONS: Second-look procedures can show whether viable tumor is present and may be beneficial in selected patients with rhabdomyosarcoma.
  • Disappearance of tumor (CR) usually correlated with no viable tumor at SLP.
  • However, 41% of patients without CR had no viable tumor.
  • Those without viable tumor had increased FFS but not survival compared to those with viable tumor.

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  • [Copyright] Copyright © 2010. Published by Elsevier Inc.
  • [Cites] J Clin Oncol. 2001 Jun 15;19(12):3091-102 [11408506.001]
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  • (PMID = 21034938.001).
  • [ISSN] 1531-5037
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of pediatric surgery
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Pediatr. Surg.
  • [Language] ENG
  • [Grant] United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / CA-98543; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / U10 CA072989; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / U10 CA029511; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / CA-24507; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / CA-72989; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / U10 CA098543; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / CA-29511; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / U10 CA024507
  • [Publication-type] Clinical Trial, Phase IV; Comparative Study; Journal Article; Randomized Controlled Trial; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Antineoplastic Agents
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ NIHMS265975; NLM/ PMC3128803
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7. Rauf F, Bhurgri Y, Pervez S: Gastrointestinal stromal tumors: a demographic, morphologic and immunohistochemical study. Indian J Gastroenterol; 2007 Sep-Oct;26(5):214-6
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  • The most common site of involvement was the stomach (29.7%), followed by small bowel (24.3%), mesentery (10.8%), pancreas (8.1%), rectum (2.7%) and retroperitoneum (2.7%).
  • The mean age at diagnosis was 50.9 years (95% CI 45.5 - 56.3) in the high risk and 44.8 years (95% CI 28.6 - 60.9) in the intermediate risk category.
  • [MeSH-major] Biomarkers, Tumor / analysis. Gastrointestinal Stromal Tumors / immunology. Gastrointestinal Stromal Tumors / pathology
  • [MeSH-minor] Age Factors. Antigens, CD34 / analysis. Autoantibodies / analysis. Desmin / analysis. Female. Humans. Immunohistochemistry. Male. Middle Aged. Neoplasm Staging. Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-kit / analysis. Risk Factors. S100 Proteins / analysis. Sex Factors. Vimentin / analysis

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  • [CommentIn] Indian J Gastroenterol. 2007 Sep-Oct;26(5):207-8 [18227567.001]
  • (PMID = 18227570.001).
  • [ISSN] 0254-8860
  • [Journal-full-title] Indian journal of gastroenterology : official journal of the Indian Society of Gastroenterology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Indian J Gastroenterol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] India
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Antigens, CD34; 0 / Autoantibodies; 0 / Biomarkers, Tumor; 0 / Desmin; 0 / S100 Proteins; 0 / Vimentin; 0 / myasthenia gravis anti-skeletal muscle antibody; EC 2.7.10.1 / Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-kit
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8. Catalano O, De Lutio di Castelguidone E, Nunziata A, De Rosa V, Siani A: Gastrointestinal stromal tumours: Pictorial review. Radiol Med; 2005 Nov-Dec;110(5-6):484-91
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  • Localisation within the oesophagus, rectum, mesentery, omentum, or retroperitoneum is less common.
  • Smaller lesions, which are usually benign, tend to be well-defined, relatively homogeneous, and with intraluminal growth.
  • [MeSH-major] Gastrointestinal Stromal Tumors / diagnosis
  • [MeSH-minor] Humans. Magnetic Resonance Imaging. Neoplasm Metastasis / radiography. Tomography, X-Ray Computed

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  • (PMID = 16437034.001).
  • [ISSN] 0033-8362
  • [Journal-full-title] La Radiologia medica
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Radiol Med
  • [Language] eng; ita
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] Italy
  • [Number-of-references] 19
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9. Soufi M, Errougani A, Chekkof RM: Primary gastric leiomyosarcoma in young revealed by a massive hematemesis. J Gastrointest Cancer; 2009;40(1-2):69-72
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  • INTRODUCTION: Leiomyosarcomas are one of the most common soft tissue sarcomas, usually seen in deep, soft tissues of the extremities and retroperitoneum.
  • Computed tomography scan examination revealed a tumor mass located in the anterior wall of the upper body and protruding into the lumen.
  • The histological examination confirmed the diagnosis of leiomyosarcoma of the stomach.
  • Endoscopic ultrasound and biopsy are helpful in establishing the diagnosis.

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  • (PMID = 19728181.001).
  • [ISSN] 1941-6636
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of gastrointestinal cancer
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Gastrointest Cancer
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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10. Seitz K: [Contrast-enhanced sonography of the abdomen and retroperitoneum]. Ultraschall Med; 2007 Feb;28(1):82-4
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] [Contrast-enhanced sonography of the abdomen and retroperitoneum].
  • [Transliterated title] Kontrastmittelsonografie im Abdomen und Retroperitoneum.
  • Recent results of studies on contrast media in the liver indicate that the diagnosis of tumours and metastases has reached the standard of CT and MRT and may even surpass it.
  • [MeSH-major] Abdomen / ultrasonography. Contrast Media. Retroperitoneal Space / ultrasonography

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  • (PMID = 17304416.001).
  • [ISSN] 0172-4614
  • [Journal-full-title] Ultraschall in der Medizin (Stuttgart, Germany : 1980)
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Ultraschall Med
  • [Language] ger
  • [Publication-type] Congresses; English Abstract
  • [Publication-country] Germany
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Contrast Media
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11. Park JS, Kang SB, Kim DW, Kim NY, Lee KH, Kim YH: Iatrogenic colorectal perforation induced by anorectal manometry: report of two cases after restorative proctectomy for distal rectal cancer. World J Gastroenterol; 2007 Dec 7;13(45):6112-4
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  • A localized perforation into the retroperitoneum was managed conservatively.


12. Calestroupat JP, Sanchez-Salas R, Cathelineau X, Rozet F, Galiano M, Smyth G, Kasraeian A, Barret E, Vallancien G: Postchemotherapy laparoscopic retroperitoneal lymph node dissection in nonseminomatous germ-cell tumor. J Endourol; 2009 Apr;23(4):645-50
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  • [Title] Postchemotherapy laparoscopic retroperitoneal lymph node dissection in nonseminomatous germ-cell tumor.
  • BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Postchemotherapy retroperitoneal lymph node dissection (RPLND) remains essential in the management of metastatic testicular carcinoma and represents a surgical challenge.
  • RESULTS: Primary pathologic evaluation of the testis tumor revealed pure embryonal carcinoma in 4 patients, teratocarcinoma in 1 patient, and mixed nonseminomatous germ-cell tumors in 21 patients.
  • All patients had residual disease in the retroperitoneum on a preoperative CT scan, with a median size of 3.4 cm (range 2-6 cm).

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  • (PMID = 19335332.001).
  • [ISSN] 1557-900X
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of endourology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Endourol.
  • [Language] ENG
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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13. Yavuz K, Erden A, Ateş K, Erden I: MR peritoneography in complications of continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis. Abdom Imaging; 2005 May-Jun;30(3):361-8
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  • Fluid leaks through the abdominal wall in five patients (25%), retroperitoneum in one patient (5%), and a previous operation site in one patient (5%) were demonstrated.
  • [MeSH-major] Extravasation of Diagnostic and Therapeutic Materials / diagnosis. Peritoneal Dialysis, Continuous Ambulatory / adverse effects. Peritoneum / pathology

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  • (PMID = 15688110.001).
  • [ISSN] 0942-8925
  • [Journal-full-title] Abdominal imaging
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Abdom Imaging
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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14. Vyhnánek F, Duchác V, Skála P: [Damage control laparotomy in blunt abdominal injury]. Acta Chir Orthop Traumatol Cech; 2009 Aug;76(4):310-3
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  • In this seven-year retrospective study the authors evaluate the results of damage control laparotomy in patients with injury to the abdominal organs, retroperitoneum and pelvis.
  • The procedure was most frequently performed for liver injury (16 patients), which was associated with multiple injury to the other abdominal organs and retroperitoneum in five patients.
  • CONCLUSIONS: Damage control laparotomy is an effective procedure in the treatment of severe trauma to the abdominal organs and retroperitoneum in critically injured patients.

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  • (PMID = 19755055.001).
  • [ISSN] 0001-5415
  • [Journal-full-title] Acta chirurgiae orthopaedicae et traumatologiae Cechoslovaca
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Acta Chir Orthop Traumatol Cech
  • [Language] cze
  • [Publication-type] English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Czech Republic
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15. De Backer A, Madern GC, Pieters R, Haentjens P, Hakvoort-Cammel FG, Oosterhuis JW, Hazebroek FW: Influence of tumor site and histology on long-term survival in 193 children with extracranial germ cell tumors. Eur J Pediatr Surg; 2008 Feb;18(1):1-6
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  • [Title] Influence of tumor site and histology on long-term survival in 193 children with extracranial germ cell tumors.
  • AIMS: Although germ cell tumors (GCT) supposedly share the same cell type of origin, their clinical course differs considerably depending on tumor site and histology.
  • The aim of this work was to study long-term survival stratified for tumor site and tumor histology.
  • The GCT arose in the following anatomical sites: sacrococcygeal (n = 70), ovary (n = 66), testis (n = 20), retroperitoneum (n = 12), neck (n = 8), mediastinum (n = 7), and miscellaneous (n = 10).
  • Patients with cervical and mediastinal tumors had a lower probability of EFS than those with gonadal, retroperitoneal or sacrococcygeal GCT (p = 0.018).
  • Patients with choriocarcinoma, embryonal carcinoma, immature teratoma, yolk sac tumor and mixed GCT had a lower probability of EFS than patients with mature teratoma or gonadoblastoma (p < 0.001).
  • [MeSH-minor] Adolescent. Child. Child, Preschool. Female. Head and Neck Neoplasms / mortality. Head and Neck Neoplasms / pathology. Humans. Infant. Male. Mediastinal Neoplasms / mortality. Mediastinal Neoplasms / pathology. Neoplasm Recurrence, Local / pathology. Ovarian Neoplasms / mortality. Ovarian Neoplasms / pathology. Retroperitoneal Neoplasms / mortality. Retroperitoneal Neoplasms / pathology. Retrospective Studies. Sacrococcygeal Region / pathology. Survival Analysis. Testicular Neoplasms / mortality. Testicular Neoplasms / pathology

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  • (PMID = 18302061.001).
  • [ISSN] 0939-7248
  • [Journal-full-title] European journal of pediatric surgery : official journal of Austrian Association of Pediatric Surgery ... [et al] = Zeitschrift für Kinderchirurgie
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Eur J Pediatr Surg
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Multicenter Study
  • [Publication-country] Germany
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16. Zheng XJ, Jiang Y, Shi XL: [Features of contrast-enhanced ultrasound imaging in malignant lymphoma after treatment with integrated Chinese and Western medicine]. Zhongguo Zhong Xi Yi Jie He Za Zhi; 2009 May;29(5):410-3
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  • METHODS: Ten patients with malignant lymphoma after different treatment cycles were examined with contrast-enhanced sonography, including 21 lymphnodes (in the neck, space of iliac blood vessels, retroperitoneum) and 7 spleen infiltrations.

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  • (PMID = 19673330.001).
  • [ISSN] 1003-5370
  • [Journal-full-title] Zhongguo Zhong xi yi jie he za zhi Zhongguo Zhongxiyi jiehe zazhi = Chinese journal of integrated traditional and Western medicine
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Zhongguo Zhong Xi Yi Jie He Za Zhi
  • [Language] CHI
  • [Publication-type] English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] China
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Contrast Media
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17. Shimura T, Suehiro T, Mochida Y, Hashimoto S, Okada K, Asao T, Kuwano H: Laparoscopy-assisted distal pancreatectomy with mobilization of the distal pancreas and the spleen outside the abdominal cavity. Surg Laparosc Endosc Percutan Tech; 2006 Dec;16(6):387-9
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  • In brief, the pancreatic tail and the spleen were mobilized laparoscopically from the retroperitoneum until the celiac axis was exposed, then the pancreatic tail and the spleen were laparoscopically mobilized outside the peritoneal cavity from a small incision at the upper abdomen.

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  • (PMID = 17277654.001).
  • [ISSN] 1530-4515
  • [Journal-full-title] Surgical laparoscopy, endoscopy & percutaneous techniques
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Surg Laparosc Endosc Percutan Tech
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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18. Pedemonte JG, Degiovanni D, Pusterla D, Reibel C, Di Nucci J, Boccio C, Degiovanni R, Dotta A: [Angiomyolipoma and Lenk syndrome: case report]. Actas Urol Esp; 2008 Sep;32(8):850-4
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  • [Transliterated title] Triada de Lenk como presentación clínica del angiomiolipoma.
  • Angiomyolipoma (AML) is a benign clonal neoplasm that consists of varying amounts of mature adipose tissue, smooth muscle, and thick-walled vessels.
  • Approximately 20% of AMLs are found in patients with tuberous sclerosis syndrome (TS), an autosomal-dominant disorder characterized by mental retardation, epilepsy, and adenoma sebaceous, a distinctive skin lesion.
  • Massive retroperitoneal hemorrhage from AML, also known as Wunderlich's syndrome, has been found in up to 10% of patients and represents the most significant and feared complication.
  • We present the case of a fifty-nine-year old patient with an angiomyolipoma and massive retroperitoneal hemorrhage with Lenk syndrome.

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  • (PMID = 19013986.001).
  • [ISSN] 0210-4806
  • [Journal-full-title] Actas urologicas espanolas
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Actas Urol Esp
  • [Language] spa
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Spain
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19. Lee CH, Jaw TS, Yang SF, Wu DK: Kaposiform hemangioendothelioma arising from the maxillary sinus: a case report. Kaohsiung J Med Sci; 2010 Mar;26(3):154-7
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  • Kaposiform hemangioendothelioma is a very infrequent, locally aggressive vascular neoplasm, characterized by fascicular spindle cell proliferation.
  • The tumor is predominantly located subcutaneously or in the deep soft tissue of the extremities and trunk, peritoneum, or retroperitoneum.
  • However, this tumor can sometimes be located on the head and neck.
  • Sinus computed tomography presented an enhancing, bone-destructing tumor.

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  • [Copyright] Copyright 2010 Elsevier. Published by Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
  • (PMID = 20227656.001).
  • [ISSN] 1607-551X
  • [Journal-full-title] The Kaohsiung journal of medical sciences
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Kaohsiung J. Med. Sci.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] China (Republic : 1949- )
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20. Muramori K, Takahashi Y, Handa N, Aikawa H: Subcutaneous emphysema, pneumomediastinum, pneumothorax, pneumoperitoneum, and pneumoretroperitoneum by insufflation of compressed air at the external genitalia in a child. J Pediatr Surg; 2009 Apr;44(4):E5-8
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  • The female genitalia possibly served as the entry point for air into the retroperitoneum and peritoneal cavity, with subsequent migration of air through the esophageal hiatus that resulted in pneumomediastinum, pneumothorax, and extensive subcutaneous emphysema.

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  • (PMID = 19361622.001).
  • [ISSN] 1531-5037
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of pediatric surgery
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Pediatr. Surg.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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21. Crema MD, Marra MD, Merran S, Hoeffel C: [MR imaging of large and rare pelvic masses from non-gynecological etiology]. J Radiol; 2008 Jul-Aug;89(7-8 Pt 1):853-61
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  • The diagnosis and characterization of pelvic masses may be problematic, especially when they are larger than 5 cm in diameter.
  • However, they may also originate from the GI tract, urinary tract, retroperitoneum, pelvic soft tissue structures, peritoneum and bones.
  • Diagnosis is usually suggested after careful evaluation of the tumor location, anatomical relationships, morphology and signal characteristics.
  • [MeSH-major] Magnetic Resonance Imaging. Pelvic Neoplasms / diagnosis

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  • (PMID = 18772747.001).
  • [ISSN] 0221-0363
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal de radiologie
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Radiol
  • [Language] fre
  • [Publication-type] English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] France
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22. Wingen CB, Pauwels PA, Debiec-Rychter M, van Gemert WG, Vos MC: Uterine gastrointestinal stromal tumour (GIST). Gynecol Oncol; 2005 Jun;97(3):970-2
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  • [Title] Uterine gastrointestinal stromal tumour (GIST).
  • In recent years, other locations such as the mesentery and the retroperitoneum have been reported.
  • CASE: A 77-year-old woman presented with a pelvic mass, raising the suspicion of an ovarian or a uterine tumour.
  • Histologic features, immunophenotype and genotype of the tumour supported the diagnosis of a GIST.
  • Because of recent advances in GIST-therapy, making a correct diagnosis has major clinical implications.

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  • (PMID = 15943997.001).
  • [ISSN] 0090-8258
  • [Journal-full-title] Gynecologic oncology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Gynecol. Oncol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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23. Shah SR, Purcell GP, Malek MM, Kane TD: Laparoscopic right adrenalectomy for a large ganglioneuroma in a 12-year-old. J Laparoendosc Adv Surg Tech A; 2010 Feb;20(1):95-6
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  • A flexible 5-mm liver retractor (Mediflex; Velmed, Inc., Wexford, PA) was placed directly through the abdominal wall without a trocar in order to elevate the liver from the area of the right adrenal and retroperitoneum.
  • The pathology revealed an 8.5 x 7.0 x 3.0 cm ganglioneuroma, with primarily neural and Schwann cell-type tissue with interspersed large, prominent ganglion cells, and a normal adrenal gland.

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  • (PMID = 19489680.001).
  • [ISSN] 1557-9034
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of laparoendoscopic & advanced surgical techniques. Part A
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Laparoendosc Adv Surg Tech A
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [General-notes] NLM/ Original DateCompleted: 20100519
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24. Papp Z, Mezei G, Hidvégi J, Hupuczi P: [Abdominal partial resection of the vagina and colpopexy: experiences with the procedure for posthysterectomy vault prolapse in 74 cases]. Orv Hetil; 2005 Dec 25;146(52):2641-5
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  • The area is covered and elevated by the overlapping peritoneum.
  • The operation should be made only by gynecologists trained in the surgery of pelvic retroperitoneum.

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  • (PMID = 16468606.001).
  • [ISSN] 0030-6002
  • [Journal-full-title] Orvosi hetilap
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Orv Hetil
  • [Language] hun
  • [Publication-type] English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Hungary
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25. Ozgok Y, Kilciler M, Istanbulluoglu MO, Piskin M, Bedir S, Basal S: Two-glove-finger-balloon dissection of retroperitoneal space for laparoscopic urology. J Chin Med Assoc; 2009 Dec;72(12):625-8
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  • [Title] Two-glove-finger-balloon dissection of retroperitoneal space for laparoscopic urology.
  • BACKGROUND: We present our experience in retroperitoneal interventions with 2 catheter mounted glove fingers through 2 access points.
  • METHODS: Patients were placed in the lateral decubitus position, and the retroperitoneum was accessed by blunt dissection through a 10-mm transverse skin incision on the posterior axillary line.
  • Another incision was performed through the anterior axillary line, and the surgeon inserted his finger to dissect the muscle layers in the retroperitoneum to develop an initial space to place the glove finger balloon, which was attached to a 14-F Nelaton catheter.
  • A satisfactory retroperitoneal space for the operation was provided and both balloons inflated to 500 mL.
  • CONCLUSION: Retroperitoneal laparoscopy using 2 balloons is a safe, cheap, effective minimally invasive procedure, and we believe that the technique described above both decreases both the operation time and cost.
  • [MeSH-major] Laparoscopy / methods. Retroperitoneal Space / surgery

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  • (PMID = 20028641.001).
  • [ISSN] 1728-7731
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of the Chinese Medical Association : JCMA
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Chin Med Assoc
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] China (Republic : 1949- )
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26. Franceschini G, Manno A, Mulè A, Verbo A, Rizzo G, Sermoneta D, Petito L, D'alba P, Maggiore C, Terribile D, Masetti R, Coco C: Gastro-intestinal symptoms as clinical manifestation of peritoneal and retroperitoneal spread of an invasive lobular breast cancer: report of a case and review of the literature. BMC Cancer; 2006;6:193
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  • [Title] Gastro-intestinal symptoms as clinical manifestation of peritoneal and retroperitoneal spread of an invasive lobular breast cancer: report of a case and review of the literature.
  • Metastatic involvement of peritoneum and retroperitoneum is unusual and unexpected.
  • CASE PRESENTATION: We report the case of a 67 year-old-woman who presented with gastrointestinal symptoms which revealed to be the clinical manifestations of peritoneal and retroperitoneal metastatic spread of an invasive lobular breast cancer diagnosed 15 years before.
  • The long and complex diagnostic work up which led us to the diagnosis is illustrated, with particular emphasis on the multidisciplinary approach, which is mandatory to obtain such a result in these cases.
  • Awareness of such a condition by clinicians is mandatory in order to make an early diagnosis and start a prompt and correct therapeutic approach.
  • [MeSH-major] Breast Neoplasms / complications. Breast Neoplasms / secondary. Gastrointestinal Diseases / etiology. Neoplasm Invasiveness / diagnosis. Peritoneal Cavity / pathology. Retroperitoneal Space / pathology

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  • (PMID = 16854225.001).
  • [ISSN] 1471-2407
  • [Journal-full-title] BMC cancer
  • [ISO-abbreviation] BMC Cancer
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC1550421
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27. Güerrissi JO, Miranda MG, Olivier R: Giant hemangiopericytoma of mandible: a propos of a case: a variant of the surgical technique for protection of the articular fosse. J Craniofac Surg; 2006 May;17(3):523-7
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  • The hemangiopericytoma is a tumor of the pericytes.
  • It is frequently located in inferior limbs, the pelvis, and the retroperitoneum.
  • Two years after surgery, good aesthetic and functional results were evident, and tumor recurrence was not observed.

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  • (PMID = 16770192.001).
  • [ISSN] 1049-2275
  • [Journal-full-title] The Journal of craniofacial surgery
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Craniofac Surg
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Biocompatible Materials; 0 / Dimethylpolysiloxanes; 0 / Silicones; 63148-62-9 / baysilon; D1JT611TNE / Titanium
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28. Chang YL, Wu CT, Lee YC: Mediastinal and retroperitoneal teratoma with focal gastrointestinal adenocarcinoma. J Thorac Oncol; 2006 Sep;1(7):729-31
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  • [Title] Mediastinal and retroperitoneal teratoma with focal gastrointestinal adenocarcinoma.
  • We report an unusual case of gastrointestinal adenocarcinoma arising in a giant posterior mediastinal mature cystic teratoma extending into the retroperitoneum, which was treated by complete excision with a good outcome for more than 2 years.
  • Strong cytokeratin 20 cytoplasmic immunostaining of the tumor cells supported the diagnosis of gastrointestinal adenocarcinoma.
  • [MeSH-major] Adenocarcinoma / pathology. Gastrointestinal Neoplasms / pathology. Mediastinal Neoplasms / pathology. Neoplasms, Multiple Primary / pathology. Retroperitoneal Neoplasms / pathology. Teratoma / pathology

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  • (PMID = 17409945.001).
  • [ISSN] 1556-1380
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of thoracic oncology : official publication of the International Association for the Study of Lung Cancer
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Thorac Oncol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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29. Brdar R, Petronic I, Abramovic D, Nikolic D, Cirovic D: Orthopaedic patterns of retroperitoneal tumors in pediatric population. Bratisl Lek Listy; 2009;110(3):178-80
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  • [Title] Orthopaedic patterns of retroperitoneal tumors in pediatric population.
  • The paper presents three children of various ages with tumors of different histology localized in the retroperitoneum.
  • Retroperitoneal tumors were diagnosed by echosonography.
  • Further investigations were targeted towards histological verification and treatment protocol for retroperitoneal tumor.
  • Since the children were presented chronologically to the deparmtent, diagnosis was reached more rapidly.
  • It is our aim to draw attention to the possibility that various retroperitoneal tumors can be presented as orthopedic diseases.
  • If symptomatology of retroperitoneal tumors is suspected and particularly in insufficiently clear cases, one should always perform echsonography of the retroperitoneum as a non-agressive, simple, readily available and reliable diagnostic method.
  • [MeSH-major] Retroperitoneal Neoplasms / diagnosis
  • [MeSH-minor] Child. Child, Preschool. Diagnosis, Differential. Female. Humans. Leg. Male. Musculoskeletal Diseases / diagnosis. Pain / etiology

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  • (PMID = 19507640.001).
  • [ISSN] 0006-9248
  • [Journal-full-title] Bratislavské lekárske listy
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Bratisl Lek Listy
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Slovakia
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30. Peng HH, Wang TH, Chao AS, Chang YL, Shieh SC, Chang SD: Klippel-Trenaunay-Weber syndrome involving fetal thigh: prenatal presentations and outcomes. Prenat Diagn; 2006 Sep;26(9):825-30
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  • Among the 21 cases, 6 fetuses (28.57%, 6/21) had isolated thigh lesions, and the other 15 cases (71.43%, 15/21) had extensive lesions involving pelvis, abdomen, retroperitoneum, or thorax.
  • [MeSH-major] Klippel-Trenaunay-Weber Syndrome / ultrasonography. Prenatal Diagnosis. Thigh


31. Huang SY, Wang CW, Wang CJ, Chao A, Chao AS: Combined prenatal ultrasound and magnetic resonance imaging in an extensive congenital fibrosarcoma: a case report and review of the literature. Fetal Diagn Ther; 2005 Jul-Aug;20(4):266-71
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  • To determine whether the prognosis of congenital (infantile) fibrosarcoma in the retroperitoneum, an extremely rare form of soft tissue malignant tumor, can be assessed prenatally.
  • METHODS: We describe a case of this condition diagnosed in utero, including the assessment of the tumor behavior by ultrasound and magnetic resonance imaging.
  • RESULTS: Our case had precise prenatal findings revealed unfavorable conditions such as bulky tumor mass, spinal metastasis and pulmonary hypoplasia.
  • CONCLUSION: Fetal imaging studies could accurately identify the invasion of tumor.
  • The outcome is usually poor, especially for those fetuses affected by an axial location of the tumor.
  • [MeSH-major] Fetal Diseases / pathology. Fibrosarcoma / pathology. Magnetic Resonance Imaging. Retroperitoneal Neoplasms / pathology. Ultrasonography, Prenatal

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  • [Copyright] (c) 2005 S. Karger AG, Basel.
  • (PMID = 15980638.001).
  • [ISSN] 1015-3837
  • [Journal-full-title] Fetal diagnosis and therapy
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Fetal. Diagn. Ther.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] Switzerland
  • [Number-of-references] 10
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32. Cai JY, Tang JY, Pan C, Xu M, Xue HL, Zhou M, Dong L, Ye QD, Jiang H, Shen SH, Chen J: Results of RS-99 protocol for childhood solid tumors. World J Pediatr; 2010 Feb;6(1):43-9
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  • The 5-year EFS showed that the patients with RMS in the retroperitoneum-pelvis did not have a better result than those with tumors in other sites (P=0.604).
  • Tumor stage and risk group were also contributive to prognosis (P=0.008).

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  • (PMID = 20143210.001).
  • [ISSN] 1867-0687
  • [Journal-full-title] World journal of pediatrics : WJP
  • [ISO-abbreviation] World J Pediatr
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Clinical Trial; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Switzerland
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 094ZI81Y45 / Tamoxifen; 3Z8479ZZ5X / Epirubicin; 5J49Q6B70F / Vincristine; 6PLQ3CP4P3 / Etoposide; 80168379AG / Doxorubicin; 8N3DW7272P / Cyclophosphamide; 9PHQ9Y1OLM / Prednisolone; UM20QQM95Y / Ifosfamide; AVCT protocol; IEV protocol; VCP protocol 2
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33. Allemann P, Perretta S, Asakuma M, Dallemagne B, Marescaux J: NOTES new frontier: Natural orifice approach to retroperitoneal disease. World J Gastrointest Surg; 2010 May 27;2(5):157-64
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  • [Title] NOTES new frontier: Natural orifice approach to retroperitoneal disease.
  • AIM: To develop a pure transvaginal access to the retroperitoneum, that is simple, reproducible and uses endoscopic material available on the market.
  • CONCLUSION: A retroperitoneal natural orifice translumenal surgical transvaginal approach is feasible in both animal and human models and allows performance of a large panel of interventions.

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  • (PMID = 21160866.001).
  • [ISSN] 1948-9366
  • [Journal-full-title] World journal of gastrointestinal surgery
  • [ISO-abbreviation] World J Gastrointest Surg
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] China
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC2999234
  • [Keywords] NOTNLM ; Adrenalectomy / Natural orifice / Natural orifice translumenal surgery / Nephrectomy / Pancreatectomy / Retroperitoneum
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34. Wallmichrath J, Baumeister RG, Deglmann CJ, Greiner A, Heim S, Frick A: Technique and proof of patency of microsurgical lympho-lymphonodular anastomoses: a study in the rat model. Microsurgery; 2009;29(4):303-9
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  • METHODS: Male Sprague-Dawley rats were anesthetized, and the retroperitoneum was exposed.

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  • [Copyright] (c) 2009 Wiley-Liss, Inc.
  • (PMID = 19296501.001).
  • [ISSN] 1098-2752
  • [Journal-full-title] Microsurgery
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Microsurgery
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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35. Hirai T, Tsujihata M, Ueda T, Nonomura N, Okuyama A: A case of polymyositis associated with adrenal carcinoma. Int J Urol; 2007 Oct;14(10):952-3
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  • Imaging studies showed a solid tumor measuring 14 x 9 cm in the retroperitoneum.
  • After surgical excision of the tumor, including the left kidney, the serum levels of creatine kinase and lactic dehydrogenase normalized, and symptoms of myositis disappeared.
  • [MeSH-major] Adrenal Cortex Neoplasms / diagnosis. Carcinoma / diagnosis. Polymyositis / diagnosis

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  • (PMID = 17880299.001).
  • [ISSN] 0919-8172
  • [Journal-full-title] International journal of urology : official journal of the Japanese Urological Association
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Int. J. Urol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Australia
  • [Chemical-registry-number] EC 1.1.1.27 / L-Lactate Dehydrogenase; EC 2.7.3.2 / Creatine Kinase
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36. Chen JH, Yu CY, Pai CY, Chan DC, Chen CJ, Yu JC, Liu YC: Castleman's disease in the left upper retroperitoneal space mimicking an adrenal neoplasm: report of a case and literature review. Jpn J Clin Oncol; 2005 Jun;35(6):353-6
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  • [Title] Castleman's disease in the left upper retroperitoneal space mimicking an adrenal neoplasm: report of a case and literature review.
  • Castleman's disease is a rare disorder characterized by benign proliferation of lymphoid tissue.
  • The left suprarenal location of this localized disease may be mistaken for an adrenal tumor.
  • We report a case of a 51-year-old woman with a Castleman's tumor located superomedial to the upper pole of the left kidney that mimicked an adrenal neoplasm.
  • [MeSH-major] Adrenal Gland Neoplasms / diagnosis. Giant Lymph Node Hyperplasia / diagnosis
  • [MeSH-minor] Diagnosis, Differential. Female. Humans. Magnetic Resonance Imaging. Middle Aged. Retroperitoneal Space / pathology. Tomography, X-Ray Computed

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  • (PMID = 15928190.001).
  • [ISSN] 0368-2811
  • [Journal-full-title] Japanese journal of clinical oncology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Jpn. J. Clin. Oncol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Japan
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37. Dholakia M, Kupfer M, Sher L, Dimuzio P, Freedman MK: Retroperitoneal false aneurysm presenting as anterior thigh pain and weakness: a case report. Arch Phys Med Rehabil; 2006 Apr;87(4):583-4
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  • [Title] Retroperitoneal false aneurysm presenting as anterior thigh pain and weakness: a case report.
  • This case highlights the importance of considering retroperitoneal pathology in the differential diagnosis of anterior thigh pain and weakness.
  • A computed tomography scan of the retroperitoneum revealed a mass along the left iliopsoas muscle.
  • We concluded that imaging of the retroperitoneum should be considered in any patient presenting with anterior thigh pain and weakness.
  • [MeSH-minor] Aged. Arthroplasty, Replacement, Hip. Diagnosis, Differential. Female. Humans. Retroperitoneal Space. Thigh

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  • (PMID = 16571401.001).
  • [ISSN] 0003-9993
  • [Journal-full-title] Archives of physical medicine and rehabilitation
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Arch Phys Med Rehabil
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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38. Dissanaike S, Griswold JA, Halldorsson A, Frezza EE: Isolated chyle duct injury in blunt trauma. Am Surg; 2006 Feb;72(2):116-7
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  • In an open fashion, the retroperitoneum was explored and the injury was identified as disruption of the right lumbar branch entering the cisterna chyli, and this was ligated with silk ties.

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  • (PMID = 16536238.001).
  • [ISSN] 0003-1348
  • [Journal-full-title] The American surgeon
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Am Surg
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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39. Contreras De Miguel E, Gallardo Muñoz I, Espejo Pérez S, Seguí Azpilcueta P: [Unusual location of an inflammatory myofibroblastic tumor: a case report]. Radiologia; 2010 Sep-Oct;52(5):473-6
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  • [Title] [Unusual location of an inflammatory myofibroblastic tumor: a case report].
  • [Transliterated title] A propósito de un caso: tumor miofibroblástico inflamatorio de localización inusual.
  • Inflammatory myofibroblastic tumor is a rare lesion that is usually located in the lung.
  • The most commonly reported extrapulmonary locations are the mesentery and the retroperitoneum.
  • We report the case of an 8-year-old girl with an inflammatory myofibroblastic tumor in an unusual location.
  • Emergency laparotomy confirmed ileoileal intussusception secondary to an intraluminal tumor.
  • Histologic study revealed the mass was an inflammatory myofibroblastic tumor.
  • [MeSH-major] Granuloma, Plasma Cell / diagnosis. Ileal Neoplasms / diagnosis

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  • [Copyright] Copyright © 2009 SERAM. Published by Elsevier Espana. All rights reserved.
  • (PMID = 20541783.001).
  • [ISSN] 0033-8338
  • [Journal-full-title] Radiología
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Radiologia
  • [Language] spa
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Spain
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40. Mola Arizo MJ, Gonzalvo Pérez V, Torregrosa Maicas MD, Navarro Antón JA, Gómez-Ferrer Lozano A, Estany Pérez A, Polo Peris AC: [Burn out bilateral testicular tumor]. Actas Urol Esp; 2005 Mar;29(3):318-21
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  • [Title] [Burn out bilateral testicular tumor].
  • [Transliterated title] Tumor testicular bilateral "quemado" ("burn out").
  • Differentiating a primary retroperitoneal seminoma from a metastatic testicular tumor with an occult testicular primary or a burned out testicular cancer remains difficult.
  • We present a case of a burned out tumor.
  • The patient had a retroperitoneal seminoma with ultrasonically and pathologically demonstrated abnormalities in both testes, but without evidence of tumor.
  • The patient received chemotherapy and underwent surgery of the residual retroperitoneal mass and bilateral orchiectomy.
  • CONCLUSION: Primary extragonadal germ cell tumors in the retroperitoneum are a rare entity.
  • The presence of a retroperitoneal tumor with ultrasonographical abnormalities in testicular evaluation should be considered as a metastases of a burned out testicular cancer, and biopsy is mandatory.
  • [MeSH-major] Neoplasms, Multiple Primary. Retroperitoneal Neoplasms. Seminoma. Testicular Neoplasms

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  • (PMID = 15945261.001).
  • [ISSN] 0210-4806
  • [Journal-full-title] Actas urologicas espanolas
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Actas Urol Esp
  • [Language] spa
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Spain
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41. Domanski HA: Fine-needle aspiration of ganglioneuroma. Diagn Cytopathol; 2005 Jun;32(6):363-6
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  • Ganglioneuroma is a rare soft tissue neoplasm, arising most frequently in the mediastinum or retroperitoneum in children and young adults.
  • Immunocytochemistry can help to establish the neurogenic origin of the tumor cells.

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  • (PMID = 15880712.001).
  • [ISSN] 8755-1039
  • [Journal-full-title] Diagnostic cytopathology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Diagn. Cytopathol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] United States
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42. Ruiz-Tovar J, Martínez-Molina E, Morales V, Sanjuanbenito A: [Primary small bowel adenocarcinoma]. Cir Esp; 2009 Jun;85(6):354-9
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  • INTRODUCTION: Primary small bowel adenocarcinoma is an uncommon tumour, with non-specific symptoms that cause a delay in the diagnosis and consequently a worse outcome for the patient.
  • Tumour location was duodenum (8 cases), jejunum (5) and ileum (4).
  • In those tumours infiltrating the retroperitoneum, survival was 15 months compared to 23 when not affected (p = 0.09).
  • Retroperitoneal infiltration was a non-resectability criterion in our series.
  • Advanced stages, lymph node metastases, non-resected cases and retroperitoneal infiltration tended to be associated with a poor prognosis in our group.

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  • (PMID = 19344893.001).
  • [ISSN] 0009-739X
  • [Journal-full-title] Cirugía española
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Cir Esp
  • [Language] spa
  • [Publication-type] English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Spain
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43. Raparia K, Ayala AG, Sienko A, Zhai QJ, Ro JY: Myxoid adrenal cortical neoplasms. Ann Diagn Pathol; 2008 Oct;12(5):344-8
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  • We recently experienced 4 cases of myxoid adrenal cortical neoplasms (3 benign and 1 borderline malignancy) and studied the clinical, histopathological, and immunohistochemical features of these neoplasms.
  • Histologically, the tumor cells were arranged in delicate arborizing cords or trabecula with myxoid areas varying from 30% to 70%.
  • Three tumors were benign and 1 was of borderline morphology with mitoses of 3/10 high-power fields and mild to moderate nuclear pleomorphism.
  • The tumor cells were positive for vimentin, synaptophysin, and inhibin but negative for cytokeratin.
  • Myxoid changes in adrenal cortical neoplasms are rare but can be seen in both an adenoma and a tumor of uncertain malignant potential.
  • Because of prominent myxoid changes, other myxoid tumors occurring in the retroperitoneum should be excluded.
  • The usual clinical and histological features can be applied to classify the lesions as benign, borderline tumor, or malignant.
  • In our series, there was no case with frank malignant tumor.
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Biomarkers, Tumor / metabolism. Female. Humans. Immunoenzyme Techniques. Inhibins / metabolism. Male. Middle Aged. Synaptophysin / metabolism. Vimentin / metabolism

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  • (PMID = 18774497.001).
  • [ISSN] 1532-8198
  • [Journal-full-title] Annals of diagnostic pathology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Ann Diagn Pathol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Biomarkers, Tumor; 0 / Mucins; 0 / Synaptophysin; 0 / Vimentin; 57285-09-3 / Inhibins
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44. Zissin R, Gayer G, Kots E, Ellis M, Bartal G, Griton I: Transcatheter arterial embolisation in anticoagulant-related haematoma--a current therapeutic option: a report of four patients and review of the literature. Int J Clin Pract; 2007 Aug;61(8):1321-7
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  • In the reviewed cases, a female predominance was found, the retroperitoneum was the most frequent site and most patients recovered.
  • To conclude, unenhanced CT has proved an excellent modality for the diagnosis of ACH's.

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  • (PMID = 17343658.001).
  • [ISSN] 1368-5031
  • [Journal-full-title] International journal of clinical practice
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Int. J. Clin. Pract.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Anticoagulants
  • [Number-of-references] 18
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45. Sugár I, Vörös A, Diczházi C, Barabás L, Valkó L, Kovács GL, Ondrejka P: [Successfully operated cases of mediastinal and retroperitoneal bronchial cysts]. Magy Seb; 2010 Aug;63(4):168-71
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  • [Title] [Successfully operated cases of mediastinal and retroperitoneal bronchial cysts].
  • In the first case a mediastinal cyst caused severe swallowing problems, while in the second a retroperitoneal cyst resembled to an adrenal adenoma.
  • It was only the postoperative histology, which clarified the exact diagnosis of the removed cysts.
  • Bronchial cysts localized in the abdominal cavity or retroperitoneum are especially rare.
  • In most of the cases the final diagnosis is made only after excision with histological examination of the cyst.
  • [MeSH-major] Bronchogenic Cyst / diagnosis. Bronchogenic Cyst / surgery. Mediastinal Cyst / diagnosis. Mediastinal Cyst / surgery
  • [MeSH-minor] Adenoma / diagnosis. Adrenal Gland Neoplasms / diagnosis. Adult. Deglutition. Diagnosis, Differential. Humans. Male. Retroperitoneal Space / pathology. Retroperitoneal Space / surgery. Tomography, X-Ray Computed. Treatment Outcome

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  • (PMID = 20724242.001).
  • [ISSN] 0025-0295
  • [Journal-full-title] Magyar sebészet
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Magy Seb
  • [Language] hun
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Hungary
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46. Perrier ND, Kennamer DL, Bao R, Jimenez C, Grubbs EG, Lee JE, Evans DB: Posterior retroperitoneoscopic adrenalectomy: preferred technique for removal of benign tumors and isolated metastases. Ann Surg; 2008 Oct;248(4):666-74
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  • [Title] Posterior retroperitoneoscopic adrenalectomy: preferred technique for removal of benign tumors and isolated metastases.
  • Mean tumor size was 3.4 cm.
  • PRA may be the preferred technique for removing benign adrenal tumors and isolated metastases.
  • [MeSH-major] Adrenal Gland Neoplasms / surgery. Adrenalectomy / methods. Laparoscopy / methods. Retroperitoneal Space / surgery
  • [MeSH-minor] Female. Follow-Up Studies. Humans. Male. Middle Aged. Neoplasm Metastasis. Prospective Studies. Treatment Outcome


47. Kok KY, Telisinghe PU: Lipoblastoma: clinical features, treatment, and outcome. World J Surg; 2010 Jul;34(7):1517-22
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  • BACKGROUND: Lipoblastoma is a rare, benign, encapsulated tumor arising from embryonic white fat.
  • The tumor occurs primarily in infancy and early childhood.
  • Tumors occurred in an extremity (n = 5), head and neck (n = 3), trunk (n = 1), and retroperitoneum (n = 1).
  • Preoperative diagnosis was accurate in only one case.
  • The largest tumor measuring 25-cm x 20-cm x 7-cm and weighing 1.9 kg was excised from the retroperitoneum.
  • [MeSH-major] Head and Neck Neoplasms / diagnosis. Lipoma / diagnosis

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  • (PMID = 20151124.001).
  • [ISSN] 1432-2323
  • [Journal-full-title] World journal of surgery
  • [ISO-abbreviation] World J Surg
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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48. Kodama Y, Sameshima H, Ikenoue T, Ikeda T, Kawagoe Y: Successful fresh whole ovarian autotransplantation without vascular anastomosis. Fertil Steril; 2010 Nov;94(6):2330.e11-2
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  • INTERVENTION(S): We performed fresh whole ovarian autotransplantation in the retroperitoneum, without vascular anastomosis.
  • CONCLUSION(S): Our case reveals that the retroperitoneal cavity provides an effective vascular bed for ovarian grafts.

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  • [Copyright] Copyright © 2010 American Society for Reproductive Medicine. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
  • (PMID = 20447628.001).
  • [ISSN] 1556-5653
  • [Journal-full-title] Fertility and sterility
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Fertil. Steril.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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49. Niewald M, Fleckenstein J, Licht N, Bleuzen C, Ruebe C: Intraoperative radiotherapy (IORT) combined with external beam radiotherapy (EBRT) for soft-tissue sarcomas--a retrospective evaluation of the Homburg experience in the years 1995-2007. Radiat Oncol; 2009;4:32
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Intraoperative radiotherapy (IORT) combined with external beam radiotherapy (EBRT) for soft-tissue sarcomas--a retrospective evaluation of the Homburg experience in the years 1995-2007.
  • PURPOSE: To retrospectively evaluate the results after a regimen of surgery, IORT (intraoperative radiotherapy), and EBRT (external beam radiotherapy) for soft-tissue sarcomas METHODS: 38 consecutive patients underwent IORT for soft-tissue sarcoma; 29 were treated for primary tumours, 9 for recurrences.
  • 27/38 tumours were located in the extremities, the remaining ones in the retroperitoneum or the chest.
  • IORT was performed using a J-125 source and a HDR (high dose rate) afterloading machine after suturing silicone flaps to the tumour bed.
  • The total dose applied ranged from 8-15 Gy/0.5 cm tissue depth measured from the flap surface.
  • [MeSH-major] Radiotherapy / methods. Sarcoma / radiotherapy. Soft Tissue Neoplasms / radiotherapy
  • [MeSH-minor] Dose-Response Relationship, Radiation. Germany. Humans. Intraoperative Period. Kaplan-Meier Estimate. Middle Aged. Neoplasm Recurrence, Local / radiotherapy. Retrospective Studies. Treatment Outcome

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  • (PMID = 19709420.001).
  • [ISSN] 1748-717X
  • [Journal-full-title] Radiation oncology (London, England)
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Radiat Oncol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC2739216
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50. Babić S, Popov P, Milicić M, Ilijevski N, Nenezić D, Tanasković S, Gajin P, Jovanović P, Vucurević G, Milin A: [Surgery of infrarenal inflammatory aneurysm of abdominal aorta infected with methicillin resistant Staphylococcus aureus in a patient undergoing haemodialysis]. Srp Arh Celok Lek; 2008 Sep-Oct;136(9-10):529-32
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  • Computed tomography and magnetic resonance imaging are both sensitive for demonstrating the cuff of soft tissue inflammation surrounding the aneurysm that is characteristic of inflammatory abdominal aortic aneurysm.
  • Control CT scans after 3, 6 and 12 months were regular, with signs of regression fibrosis of the retroperitoneum.,

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  • (PMID = 19069346.001).
  • [ISSN] 0370-8179
  • [Journal-full-title] Srpski arhiv za celokupno lekarstvo
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Srp Arh Celok Lek
  • [Language] srp
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Serbia
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51. Takizawa I, Saito T, Kitamura Y, Arai K, Kawaguchi M, Takahashi K, Hara N: Primary solitary fibrous tumor (SFT) in the retroperitoneum. Urol Oncol; 2008 May-Jun;26(3):254-9
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  • [Title] Primary solitary fibrous tumor (SFT) in the retroperitoneum.
  • BACKGROUND: Solitary fibrous tumor (SFT) is an infrequent but distinct neoplasm, which generally arises from submesothelial connective tissue in the pleura.
  • SFT is rarely recognized in extrathoracic sites, and histologically identical conditions have also been reported in the retroperitoneum, although their pathophysiology has not been extensively investigated.
  • METHODS: We present four cases of primary SFT in the retroperitoneum, and review 37 similar cases in the previous literature.
  • The tumor size ranged between 2 and 26 (mean 9.1) cm.
  • The tumor cells were immunoreactive for vimentin in all cases, CD34 in 91% and Bcl-2 in 86%.
  • No significant difference was found between the recurrence rate of histologically benign and malignant cases.
  • CONCLUSIONS: The identification of SFT in the retroperitoneum is of importance because histopathological indicators of malignancy are not necessarily associated with clinical malignant potential in many cases of retroperitoneal SFT.
  • Retroperitoneal SFT showing typical pathological features with expression of CD34 and Bcl-2 is associated with a favorable outcome following excision.
  • [MeSH-major] Retroperitoneal Neoplasms / pathology. Solitary Fibrous Tumors / pathology

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  • (PMID = 18452815.001).
  • [ISSN] 1078-1439
  • [Journal-full-title] Urologic oncology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Urol. Oncol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Antigens, CD34; 0 / Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-bcl-2
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52. Soares RS, Romanelli P, Sandoval MA, Salim MM, Tavora JE, Abelha DL Jr: Retroperitoneoscopy for treatment of renal and ureteral stones. Int Braz J Urol; 2005 Mar-Apr;31(2):111-6
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  • The urinary tract was closed with absorbable 4-0 suture and a Penrose drain was left in the retroperitoneum.
  • The mean length of retroperitoneal urinary drainage was 3 days (1-10 days).

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  • (PMID = 15877829.001).
  • [ISSN] 1677-5538
  • [Journal-full-title] International braz j urol : official journal of the Brazilian Society of Urology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Int Braz J Urol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Clinical Trial; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Brazil
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53. Hanchanale V, Rao AR, Laniado M, Karim O: Disappearing drain--disaster averted and lesson learnt! N Z Med J; 2007;120(1252):U2496
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  • We report an iatrogenic case of migrated drain into the retroperitoneum.
  • [MeSH-minor] Carcinoma, Renal Cell / surgery. Cystoscopes. Cystoscopy / methods. Humans. Male. Middle Aged. Nephrectomy / adverse effects. Retroperitoneal Space. Treatment Outcome

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  • (PMID = 17460746.001).
  • [ISSN] 1175-8716
  • [Journal-full-title] The New Zealand medical journal
  • [ISO-abbreviation] N. Z. Med. J.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] New Zealand
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54. Kairi-Vassilatou E, Grapsa D, Kontogianni-Katsarou K, Smyrniotis V, Hasiakos D, Agatha AK: Clinicopathological features of unusual vascular lesions of the pelvis, retroperitoneum and colon in females: a report of five cases and review of the literature. Eur J Gynaecol Oncol; 2006;27(3):250-5
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  • [Title] Clinicopathological features of unusual vascular lesions of the pelvis, retroperitoneum and colon in females: a report of five cases and review of the literature.
  • Vascular lesions comprise benign and malignant neoplasms as well as non-neoplastic conditions that may be located in various sites but only rarely in the pelvis or the retroperitoneum.
  • In our study we describe five diverse and unusual cases of vascular lesions of the pelvis, retroperitoneum and colon in female patients: a case of retroperitoneal angiosarcoma, pelvic hemangioendothelioma, pelvic angiomyxoma, retroperitoneal lymphangioleiomyomatosis and a case of diffuse cavernous hemangiomatosis of the colon, with emphasis on their clinicopathological features and differential diagnosis.
  • [MeSH-major] Colonic Neoplasms. Neoplasms, Vascular Tissue. Pelvic Neoplasms. Retroperitoneal Neoplasms

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  • (PMID = 16800252.001).
  • [ISSN] 0392-2936
  • [Journal-full-title] European journal of gynaecological oncology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Eur. J. Gynaecol. Oncol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] Italy
  • [Number-of-references] 35
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55. Wiesenthal AA, Nguyen BD: F-18 FDG PET/CT staging of multiple myeloma with diffuse osseous and extramedullary lesions. Clin Nucl Med; 2007 Oct;32(10):797-801
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  • Multiple myeloma is the most common plasma cell neoplasm, with abnormal clonal proliferation of B cells in bone marrow.
  • The extramedullary involvement concerns the maxillary sinus, thyroid cartilage, mediastinum, retroperitoneum, neuroforamen, and epidura.
  • [MeSH-major] Bone Neoplasms / diagnosis. Fluorodeoxyglucose F18. Multiple Myeloma / diagnosis. Positron-Emission Tomography / methods. Soft Tissue Neoplasms / diagnosis. Tomography, X-Ray Computed / methods
  • [MeSH-minor] Humans. Male. Middle Aged. Neoplasm Staging. Radiopharmaceuticals. Subtraction Technique

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  • (PMID = 17885362.001).
  • [ISSN] 0363-9762
  • [Journal-full-title] Clinical nuclear medicine
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Clin Nucl Med
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Radiopharmaceuticals; 0Z5B2CJX4D / Fluorodeoxyglucose F18
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56. Gupta SS, Singh O, Shukla S, Raj MK: Acute fulminant necrotizing amoebic colitis: a rare and fatal complication of amoebiasis: a case report. Cases J; 2009;2:6557
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  • The condition requires early diagnosis and surgical intervention.
  • On emergency exploration, extensive necrosis and multiple perforations in retroperitoneum involving entire colon were seen.
  • This case report emphasizes the importance of early diagnosis and treatment of acute FAC, and associated high mortality.

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  • (PMID = 19918532.001).
  • [ISSN] 1757-1626
  • [Journal-full-title] Cases journal
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Cases J
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC2769302
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57. Tori M, Akamatsu H, Ueshima S, Tsujimoto M, Nakahara M: Recurrent Ascending Colon Cancer Manifesting as Inferior Vena cava Thrombus. Case Rep Gastroenterol; 2008;2(2):181-6
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  • Though the tumor invaded the retroperitoneum and involved the right ovarian artery and vein, curative operation was performed.
  • Two and a half years later, tumor thrombus in the IVC extending into the right atrium was incidentally found and diagnosed as recurrence of colon cancer by biopsy.
  • In treating colon cancers invading the retroperitoneum, it should be recalled that some cases recur as tumor thrombus in the IVC and that close follow-up is therefore necessary.

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  • (PMID = 21327176.001).
  • [ISSN] 1662-0631
  • [Journal-full-title] Case reports in gastroenterology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Case Rep Gastroenterol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Switzerland
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC3037984
  • [Keywords] NOTNLM ; Inferior vena cava / Recurrent colon cancer / Tumor thrombus
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58. Fried AM: Spleen and retroperitoneum: the essentials. Ultrasound Q; 2005 Dec;21(4):275-86
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  • [Title] Spleen and retroperitoneum: the essentials.
  • This is a survey of normal variants and pathologic conditions involving the spleen and retroperitoneum.
  • The study focuses on the various sonographic appearances of trauma, infection, and neoplasm involving these areas in an attempt to complement works dealing specifically with the pancreas, kidneys, and great vessels.
  • [MeSH-major] Retroperitoneal Neoplasms / ultrasonography. Splenic Diseases / ultrasonography. Ultrasonography, Doppler
  • [MeSH-minor] Biopsy, Needle. Female. Humans. Immunohistochemistry. Male. Neoplasm Staging. Retroperitoneal Space / ultrasonography. Sensitivity and Specificity. Severity of Illness Index. Splenic Neoplasms / physiopathology. Splenic Neoplasms / ultrasonography

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  • (PMID = 16344746.001).
  • [ISSN] 0894-8771
  • [Journal-full-title] Ultrasound quarterly
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Ultrasound Q
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Comparative Study; Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Number-of-references] 28
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59. Spiess PE, Kassouf W, Brown GA, Kamat AM, Liu P, Gomez JA, Tu SM, Tannir NM, Pisters LL: Surgical management of growing teratoma syndrome: the M. D. Anderson cancer center experience. J Urol; 2007 Apr;177(4):1330-4; discussion 1334
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  • The defining criteria of growing teratoma syndrome were growing metastatic mass in the retroperitoneum or other site consisting entirely of mature teratoma detected on serial abdominal/pelvic imaging during chemotherapy, and a significant decrease in or normalization of tumor markers.
  • RESULTS: Precise serial abdominal/pelvic radiological measurements of the retroperitoneal masses were available for 7 of 9 patients.
  • The median growth rate measured as the increase in tumor volume was 12.9 cc per month.
  • Median time from the start of chemotherapy to retroperitoneal lymph node dissection was 5.4 months (range 2.7 to 21.6).
  • Pathological evaluation of the retroperitoneal lymph node dissection specimen revealed teratoma with no viable tumor in all 9 cases.
  • Retroperitoneal lymph node dissection is an effective treatment for growing teratoma syndrome, providing excellent local control and a low risk of progression.

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  • (PMID = 17382725.001).
  • [ISSN] 0022-5347
  • [Journal-full-title] The Journal of urology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Urol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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60. Tran PT, Hara W, Su Z, Lin HJ, Bendapudi PK, Norton J, Teng N, King CR, Kapp DS: Intraoperative radiation therapy for locally advanced and recurrent soft-tissue sarcomas in adults. Int J Radiat Oncol Biol Phys; 2008 Nov 15;72(4):1146-53
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  • [Title] Intraoperative radiation therapy for locally advanced and recurrent soft-tissue sarcomas in adults.
  • PURPOSE: To analyze the outcomes of and identify prognostic factors for patients treated with surgery and intraoperative radiotherapy (IORT) for locally advanced and recurrent soft-tissue sarcoma in adults from a single institution.
  • Primary sites included retroperitoneum-pelvis (78%), extremity (8%), and other (14%).
  • Clinical characteristics were as follows: mean tumor size, 10 cm (range, 1-25 cm); high-grade histologic subtype (72%); and mean dose, 1,159 cGy (range, 600-1,600 cGy).
  • Prognostic factors found to be significant (p < 0.05) on multivariate analysis were prior DFI and tumor size for LRC, extremity location and leiomyosarcoma histologic subtype for DMFS, and prior DFI for DSS.
  • CONCLUSIONS: IORT after tumor reductive surgery is well tolerated and seems to confer IFC in carefully selected patients.
  • [MeSH-major] Neoplasm Recurrence, Local / radiotherapy. Neoplasm Recurrence, Local / surgery. Sarcoma / radiotherapy. Sarcoma / surgery. Soft Tissue Neoplasms / radiotherapy. Soft Tissue Neoplasms / surgery

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  • (PMID = 18394818.001).
  • [ISSN] 1879-355X
  • [Journal-full-title] International journal of radiation oncology, biology, physics
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Int. J. Radiat. Oncol. Biol. Phys.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] United States
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61. Oba M, Matsuki N, Ajisaka H, Ii T, Hoso M, Miwa K: [A case of adult neuroblastoma arising in the retroperitoneum following a poorly aggressive course]. Nihon Shokakibyo Gakkai Zasshi; 2007 Dec;104(12):1745-51
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  • [Title] [A case of adult neuroblastoma arising in the retroperitoneum following a poorly aggressive course].
  • A 69-year-old man complaining of enlarged cervical mass, appetite loss and lower abdominal pain was found to have abdominal tumors in heaps forming a large mass around the retroperitoneum.
  • The disease was diagnosed as undifferentiated neuroblastoma arising in the retroperitoneum by autopsy with appropriate immunohistochemical studies.
  • Adult neuroblastoma in the peritoneum is rare and our case showed a aggressive behavior and unfortunate outcome.
  • [MeSH-major] Neuroblastoma / pathology. Retroperitoneal Neoplasms / pathology

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  • (PMID = 18057852.001).
  • [ISSN] 0446-6586
  • [Journal-full-title] Nihon Shokakibyo Gakkai zasshi = The Japanese journal of gastro-enterology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Nihon Shokakibyo Gakkai Zasshi
  • [Language] jpn
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Japan
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62. Oishi H, Moriyama S, Kotera K, Miura K, Masuzaki H: First case of liposarcoma arising from the fallopian tube: case report and review of the literature. J Obstet Gynaecol Res; 2008 Aug;34(4 Pt 2):713-6
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  • Liposarcoma is the most common soft tissue sarcoma in adults, and it typically occurs in either the retroperitoneum or the extremities.
  • However, this malignant tumor is very rare in the female reproductive system.
  • Histopathological evaluation of the resected pelvic tumors showed lipocytes and lipoblasts of various sizes, leading to diagnosis of well-differentiated liposarcoma of the left adnexal region.
  • [MeSH-major] Diagnostic Errors. Fallopian Tube Neoplasms / diagnosis. Liposarcoma / diagnosis

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  • (PMID = 18840188.001).
  • [ISSN] 1341-8076
  • [Journal-full-title] The journal of obstetrics and gynaecology research
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Obstet. Gynaecol. Res.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] Japan
  • [Number-of-references] 5
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63. Seleye-Fubara D, Nwosu SO, Yellowe BE: Soft tissue sarcomas in the Niger Delta Region of Nigeria (a referral hospital's study). Niger J Med; 2005 Apr-Jun;14(2):188-94
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  • [Title] Soft tissue sarcomas in the Niger Delta Region of Nigeria (a referral hospital's study).
  • BACKGROUND: Soft tissue sarcomas are rare tumours in this environment.
  • The aim of this study is to study soft tissue sarcomas based on age, sex of patients, tumour sites and histologic types.
  • Special stains were also used for proper diagnosis of some tumours.
  • The tumours were classified based on World Health Organization (WHO) classification of soft tissue tumours.
  • RESULTS: Only 66 soft tissue sarcomas were used for this study which accounted for 2.8% of the total malignancies diagnosed during the period under review.
  • The lower limb was most affected (36.4%) while the least was the retroperitoneum (6.1%).
  • CONCLUSION: Soft tissue malignancies are globally uncommon but they constituted an integral part of malignant tumours causing serious morbidity and mortality in this environment.
  • [MeSH-major] Sarcoma / diagnosis. Soft Tissue Neoplasms / diagnosis

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  • [ErratumIn] Niger J Med. 2005 Oct-Dec;14(4):461. Bob-Yellowe, E [corrected to Yellowe, BE]
  • (PMID = 16083244.001).
  • [ISSN] 1115-2613
  • [Journal-full-title] Nigerian journal of medicine : journal of the National Association of Resident Doctors of Nigeria
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Niger J Med
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Nigeria
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64. Sall I, Ali AA, El Kaoui H, Bouchentouf SM, El Hjouji A, El Fahssi M, Bounaim A, Zentar A, Sair K: Primary hydatid cyst of the retroperitoneum. Am J Surg; 2010 Feb;199(2):e25-6
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  • [Title] Primary hydatid cyst of the retroperitoneum.
  • Retroperitoneal contamination may occur during the natural history of hydatid disease.
  • Primary hydatid cyst of the retroperitoneum is extremely rare.
  • The authors report a case of a giant retroperitoneal hydatid cyst.
  • [MeSH-major] Echinococcosis. Retroperitoneal Space
  • [MeSH-minor] Abdominal Neoplasms / diagnosis. Agriculture. Diagnosis, Differential. Humans. Male. Middle Aged. Tomography, X-Ray Computed

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  • [Copyright] Copyright 2010 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
  • (PMID = 19954768.001).
  • [ISSN] 1879-1883
  • [Journal-full-title] American journal of surgery
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Am. J. Surg.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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65. Boutros C, Espat NJ, Somasundar P: Completely laparoscopic subtotal pancreatectomy with splenic artery preservation. J Gastrointest Surg; 2010 Jan;14(1):171-4
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  • METHODS: An 87-year-old woman with an incidentally identified 3-cm cystic lesion in the pancreatic body-tail interface underwent EUS, which supported side-branch intraductal papillary mucinous neoplasm.
  • The tail and body of the pancreas were dissected off of the retroperitoneum along the embryologic plane and separated from the colonic splenic flexure.

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  • [Cites] Ann Surg. 1999 May;229(5):693-8; discussion 698-700 [10235528.001]
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  • (PMID = 19727972.001).
  • [ISSN] 1873-4626
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of gastrointestinal surgery : official journal of the Society for Surgery of the Alimentary Tract
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Gastrointest. Surg.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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66. Athanasiou A, Vanel D, El Mesbahi O, Theodore C, Fizazi K: Non-germ cell tumours arising in germ cell tumours (teratoma with malignant transformation) in men: CT and MR findings. Eur J Radiol; 2009 Feb;69(2):230-5
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  • RESULTS: Non-GCT malignant transformation was identified in the retroperitoneum (5), testis (3), mediastinum (3), peritoneum (2) and lungs (1).
  • The CT and MR imaging findings before treatment and after relapse were evaluated with emphasis on imaging features that could possibly imply the presence of malignant transformation (heterogeneously enhancing soft-tissue masses, ossified masses with calcified lymph nodes, diffuse epiploic thickening associated with ascites and peritoneal nodules, pulmonary alveolar infiltration with septal thickening).
  • [MeSH-major] Cell Transformation, Neoplastic / pathology. Magnetic Resonance Imaging. Teratoma / diagnosis. Tomography, X-Ray Computed


67. Healey C, Lisle R, Mahomed A: Outcome of lymphatic- and artery-sparing surgery for pediatric varicocoele. J Laparoendosc Adv Surg Tech A; 2010 May;20(4):387-9
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  • The operation was performed via a transperitoneal approach, and the retroperitoneum was entered proximal to the internal ring by peritoneal division over the vessels.

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  • (PMID = 20218939.001).
  • [ISSN] 1557-9034
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of laparoendoscopic & advanced surgical techniques. Part A
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Laparoendosc Adv Surg Tech A
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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68. Irkilata HC, Basal S, Yildirim I, Kurt B, Aydur E, Zor M, Goktas S: Laparoscopic visualization and dissection of retroperitoneal lymph nodes after patent blue dye injection: a pilot study. J Endourol; 2008 May;22(5):999-1004
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  • [Title] Laparoscopic visualization and dissection of retroperitoneal lymph nodes after patent blue dye injection: a pilot study.
  • PURPOSE: Retroperitoneal lymph node dissection (RPLND) for testicular cancer is an important treatment modality for patients with stage I or IIA disease.
  • The aim of this experimental pilot-feasibility study was to investigate whether visualization of retroperitoneal lymph nodes with patent blue violet (PBV) dye application is a feasible and an effective method during laparoscopic RPLND in a pig model.
  • After PBV dye injection into the spermatic funicular and intratesticular parenchyma, the color changes in the retroperitoneal region were examined during transperitoneal laparoscopic visualization of the retroperitoneum.
  • Blue-stained retroperitoneal nodal tissues were dissected and removed by the laparoscopic approach and histologic examination was performed.
  • RESULTS: After PBV dye injection, intense staining of the ipsilateral retroperitoneal lymphatic vessels and nodes was seen.
  • Distribution of the PBV and the color changes of the retroperitoneal lymphatic structures were examined under laparoscopic vision in all pigs.
  • All blue-stained retroperitoneal nodular tissues were removed laparoscopically and examined histologically.
  • CONCLUSION: We demonstrated that spermatic funicular injection of PVB dye is an effective and accurate method for retroperitoneal lymph node visualization in pigs.

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  • (PMID = 18429686.001).
  • [ISSN] 0892-7790
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of endourology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Endourol.
  • [Language] ENG
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Coloring Agents; 0 / Rosaniline Dyes; 129-17-9 / patent blue violet
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69. Mingo L, Seguel F, Rollán V: Intraabdominal desmoplastic small round cell tumour. Pediatr Surg Int; 2005 Apr;21(4):279-81
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  • [Title] Intraabdominal desmoplastic small round cell tumour.
  • Desmoplastic small round cell tumour (DSRCT) is an extremely rare neoplasm.
  • Laboratory values were altered, and imaging showed multiples masses in the liver and retroperitoneum.
  • Biopsy of the inguinal tumour showed a DSRCT.
  • The occurrence of this type of tumour in the paediatric age group as well as its high malignancy is noteworthy.

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  • [Cites] Am J Surg Pathol. 1998 Nov;22(11):1303-13 [9808123.001]
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  • (PMID = 15761710.001).
  • [ISSN] 0179-0358
  • [Journal-full-title] Pediatric surgery international
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Pediatr. Surg. Int.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Germany
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70. Clarke JR, Brglevska S, Lau EW, Ramdave S, Hicks RJ: Atypical brown fat distribution in young males demonstrated on PET/CT. Clin Nucl Med; 2007 Sep;32(9):679-82
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • Other described sites of uptake include the mediastinum and retroperitoneum.
  • [MeSH-major] Adipose Tissue, Brown / radiography. Adipose Tissue, Brown / radionuclide imaging. Diagnostic Errors / prevention & control. Positron-Emission Tomography / methods. Tomography, X-Ray Computed / methods
  • [MeSH-minor] Adolescent. False Positive Reactions. Humans. Lymphoma, Large B-Cell, Diffuse / diagnosis. Male. Middle Aged. Rhabdomyosarcoma, Alveolar / diagnosis

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  • (PMID = 17710017.001).
  • [ISSN] 0363-9762
  • [Journal-full-title] Clinical nuclear medicine
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Clin Nucl Med
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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71. Ulu EM, Kirbaş I, Töre HG, Başaran C, Oztürk A, Güven G, Karadeli E, Coşkun M: Extraperitoneal pelvic myolipoma. Diagn Interv Radiol; 2010 Sep;16(3):227-31
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  • Myolipoma is a very rare adipocytic tumor occurring most frequently in adults, and usually is located in the retroperitoneum or abdomen.
  • It has been described in the retroperitoneum, spinal cord, orbita, breast, round ligament, subcutaneous tissue, pericardium, rectus sheath of the abdominal wall, and abdominal cavity with attachment to the abdominal wall.
  • Radiological findings are nonspecific due to the nonlipomatous component of the tumor.

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  • (PMID = 19813170.001).
  • [ISSN] 1305-3612
  • [Journal-full-title] Diagnostic and interventional radiology (Ankara, Turkey)
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Diagn Interv Radiol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Turkey
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72. Mendonça CT, Weingartner J, de Carvalho CA, Costa DS: Endovascular treatment of contained rupture of a superior mesenteric artery aneurysm resulting from neurofibromatosis type I. J Vasc Surg; 2010 Feb;51(2):461-4
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  • A computed tomography (CT) scan showed blood in the retroperitoneum and two saccular aneurysms in the superior mesenteric artery (SMA).

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  • [Copyright] Copyright 2010 Society for Vascular Surgery. Published by Mosby, Inc. All rights reserved.
  • [CommentIn] J Vasc Surg. 2010 Nov;52(5):1425 [21050994.001]
  • (PMID = 19833474.001).
  • [ISSN] 1097-6809
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of vascular surgery
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Vasc. Surg.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Coated Materials, Biocompatible; 9002-84-0 / Polytetrafluoroethylene
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73. Hirasaki S, Kanzaki H, Okuda M, Suzuki S, Fukuhara T, Hanaoka T: Composite paraganglioma-ganglioneuroma in the retroperitoneum. World J Surg Oncol; 2009;7:81
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  • [Title] Composite paraganglioma-ganglioneuroma in the retroperitoneum.
  • BACKGROUND: Paragangliomas occur most commonly in head and neck region and much less frequently, they are found in the retroperitoneum.
  • Composite paraganglioma-ganglioneuroma of the retroperitoneum is very rare.
  • CASE PRESENTATION: We present an unusual case of retroperitoneal composite paraganglioma-ganglioneuroma discovered on computed tomography in a 63-year-old female patient.
  • An abdominal contrast-enhanced CT scan and magnetic resonance imaging revealed a 6.5 cm heterogeneous retroperitoneal mass with a cystic component.
  • The retroperitoneal tumor accumulated (131)I-Metaiodobenzylguanidine ((131)I-MIBG) 48 hours after radioisotope injection.
  • Under the diagnosis of paraganglioma in the retroperitoneum, the patient underwent surgery.
  • The resected tumor (6.5 x 5 x 3 cm) was solid and easily removed en bloc.
  • The cut surface of the tumor and histology revealed two different components in the tumor: paraganglioma centrally and ganglioneuroma on the periphery.
  • CONCLUSION: This case reminds us that neuroendocrine tumor should be included in the differential diagnosis of a retroperitoneal mass although composite paraganglioma-ganglioneuroma in the retroperitoneum is very rare.
  • [MeSH-major] Ganglioneuroma / diagnosis. Paraganglioma / diagnosis. Retroperitoneal Neoplasms / diagnosis
  • [MeSH-minor] 3-Iodobenzylguanidine. Diagnosis, Differential. Female. Humans. Incidental Findings. Magnetic Resonance Imaging. Middle Aged. Radiopharmaceuticals. Tomography, X-Ray Computed. Treatment Outcome

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  • (PMID = 19889235.001).
  • [ISSN] 1477-7819
  • [Journal-full-title] World journal of surgical oncology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] World J Surg Oncol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Radiopharmaceuticals; 35MRW7B4AD / 3-Iodobenzylguanidine
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC2777156
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74. Ilica AT, Kocaoglu M, Zeybek N, Guven S, Adaletli I, Basgul A, Coban H, Bilici A, Bukte Y: Extrahepatic abdominal hydatid disease caused by Echinococcus granulosus: imaging findings. AJR Am J Roentgenol; 2007 Aug;189(2):337-43
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  • The purpose of this pictorial essay is to review the sonographic, CT, and MRI features of extrahepatic abdominal hydatid disease including intraperitoneum, retroperitoneum, diaphragma, bone, and soft tissue of the abdomen.
  • The combinations of radiologic and serologic tests especially in patients living in the endemic areas contribute to the diagnosis.
  • [MeSH-major] Abdominal Pain / parasitology. Diagnostic Imaging. Echinococcosis / diagnosis. Echinococcus granulosus
  • [MeSH-minor] Animals. Diagnosis, Differential. Humans

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  • (PMID = 17646459.001).
  • [ISSN] 1546-3141
  • [Journal-full-title] AJR. American journal of roentgenology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] AJR Am J Roentgenol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Number-of-references] 15
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76. Hasse-Lazar K, Krajewska J, Paliczka-Cieślik E, Jurecka-Lubieniecka B, Michalik B, Handkiewicz-Junak D, Roskosz J, Jarzab B: [131I-MIBG therapy in the treatment of pheochromocytoma in children--own experiences]. Endokrynol Pol; 2008 May-Jun;59(3):235-40
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  • In one patient 131I-MIBG was administrated after ineffective surgical treatment and chemotherapy of a benign retroperitoneal tumor, whereas in two other patients 131I-MIBG therapy was carried out because of malignant pheochromocytoma dissemination.
  • In a child with retroperitoneal paraganglioma decrease of tumor size and its fibrosis after 131I-MIBG therapy allowed radical surgery and complete recovery.


77. Amra NK, Amr SS: Mediastinal lipoblastomatosis: report of a case with complex karyotype and review of the literature. Pediatr Dev Pathol; 2009 Nov-Dec;12(6):469-74
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  • Lipoblastoma or lipoblastomatosis is an uncommon fatty tumor seen in children up to the age of 5 years, with very rare exceptions above that age.
  • It usually occurs in the extremities, but it can arise in other anatomical sites, including the head and neck area, trunk, mediastinum, mesentry, and retroperitoneum.
  • Five years following surgical excision that was incomplete as a result of the tumor's proximity to major blood vessels, the patient developed a recurrence of the tumor in the mediastinum with extension to the neck and spinal dura.

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  • (PMID = 19192950.001).
  • [ISSN] 1093-5266
  • [Journal-full-title] Pediatric and developmental pathology : the official journal of the Society for Pediatric Pathology and the Paediatric Pathology Society
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Pediatr. Dev. Pathol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Number-of-references] 51
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78. Abdel-Aziz KF, Anderson JK, Svatek R, Margulis V, Sagalowsky AI, Cadeddu JA: Laparoscopic and open retroperitoneal lymph-node dissection for clinical stage I nonseminomatous germ-cell testis tumors. J Endourol; 2006 Sep;20(9):627-31
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  • [Title] Laparoscopic and open retroperitoneal lymph-node dissection for clinical stage I nonseminomatous germ-cell testis tumors.
  • BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Laparoscopic retroperitoneal lymph node dissection (L-RPLND) has been reported as efficacious for staging of the retroperitoneum in patients with stage I nonseminomatous germ-cell testis tumors (NSGCT).
  • However, reports are limited to a few centers, and this procedure has yet to be widely accepted as an alternative to open retroperitoneal lymph node dissection (O-RPLND).

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  • (PMID = 16999613.001).
  • [ISSN] 0892-7790
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of endourology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Endourol.
  • [Language] ENG
  • [Publication-type] Comparative Study; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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79. Shaw BL, Menolasino MJ 3rd: Metastatic penile squamous cell carcinoma to the retroperitoneum in a man with human papillomavirus type 45. J Am Osteopath Assoc; 2008 Jun;108(6):310-2
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  • [Title] Metastatic penile squamous cell carcinoma to the retroperitoneum in a man with human papillomavirus type 45.
  • [MeSH-major] Carcinoma, Squamous Cell / pathology. Papillomaviridae / isolation & purification. Papillomavirus Infections / complications. Penile Neoplasms / pathology. Retroperitoneal Neoplasms / secondary. Retroperitoneal Space / pathology

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  • (PMID = 18587080.001).
  • [ISSN] 1945-1997
  • [Journal-full-title] The Journal of the American Osteopathic Association
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Am Osteopath Assoc
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Antineoplastic Agents, Phytogenic; P88XT4IS4D / Paclitaxel
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80. Sugimoto T, Miwa S, Sugata T, Zen Y: [A case of inflammatory myofibroblastic tumor recognized in the retroperitoneum and the kidney]. Hinyokika Kiyo; 2008 Jan;54(1):5-7
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  • [Title] [A case of inflammatory myofibroblastic tumor recognized in the retroperitoneum and the kidney].
  • CT and MRI showed a tumor, approximately 3 cm in diameter in the right renal pelvis and a cyst in the left kidney.
  • Under a diagnosis of right renal pelvic tumor, the patient underwent laparoscopic right nephroureterectomy.
  • Pathological examination demonstrated two inflammatory myofibroblastic tumors; one was located in the upper portion of the right kidney and the other was in the fatty tissue of the right renal hilus.
  • [MeSH-minor] Humans. Male. Middle Aged. Retroperitoneal Space

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  • (PMID = 18260352.001).
  • [ISSN] 0018-1994
  • [Journal-full-title] Hinyokika kiyo. Acta urologica Japonica
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Hinyokika Kiyo
  • [Language] jpn
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Japan
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81. Elnemr A, Yonemura Y, Shinbo M, Nishino E: Primary retroperitoneal mullerian adenocarcinoma. Rare Tumors; 2010;2(1):e6
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  • [Title] Primary retroperitoneal mullerian adenocarcinoma.
  • Mullerian tumors are extremely rare malignancies in the retroperitoneum.
  • Ultrasonography (US) and computed tomography (CT) demonstrated a 15×10 cm cystic mass in the left lower retroperitoneum.
  • The histopathology was reported as mucinous adenocarcinoma of the retroperitoneum.
  • Six cycles of intraperitoneal (IP) chemotherapy was administered during the last six months after diagnosis of recurrence by aspiration cytology and high serum tumor markers (CEA, CA19-9).
  • Meticulous revision of additional sections of the tumor revealed papillary, serous, mucinous, and endometrioid subtypes of the mullerian adenocarcinoma.

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  • (PMID = 21139951.001).
  • [ISSN] 2036-3613
  • [Journal-full-title] Rare tumors
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Rare Tumors
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Italy
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC2994487
  • [Keywords] NOTNLM ; adenocarcinoma / mullerian tumor / retroperitoneum
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82. Boziłow W, Malinowski W, Klempous Z, Jeka S: [Endoparasite twin (fetus in fetu)]. Ginekol Pol; 2005 Mar;76(3):228-33
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • We present two boys: two and half years and eleven days old newborn presented a mass in the retroperitoneum in the left upper abdominal quadrant.
  • [MeSH-major] Fetal Diseases / diagnosis. Fetus / abnormalities
  • [MeSH-minor] Child, Preschool. Diagnosis, Differential. Humans. Infant, Newborn. Male. Radiography. Teratoma / diagnosis

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  • (PMID = 16018143.001).
  • [ISSN] 0017-0011
  • [Journal-full-title] Ginekologia polska
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Ginekol. Pol.
  • [Language] pol
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Poland
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83. Gómez-Raposo C, Nistal M, De Castro Carpeño J, Sosa Rotundo G, Belda-Iniesta C, Casado E, González Barón M: Retroperitoneal Castleman's disease with colon cancer. A rare association. Clin Transl Oncol; 2008 Apr;10(4):238-40
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Retroperitoneal Castleman's disease with colon cancer. A rare association.
  • Castleman's disease (CD) is a rare disorder of uncertain aetiology characterised by massive proliferation of lymphoid tissue usually localised as mediastinal masses, although abdominal involvement has been reported.
  • A patient with plasma cell subtype unicentric CD localised in retroperitoneum associated with an adenocarcinoma of ileocaecal valve and liver metastasis is reported.
  • [MeSH-major] Colonic Neoplasms / complications. Giant Lymph Node Hyperplasia / complications. Giant Lymph Node Hyperplasia / pathology. Retroperitoneal Space / pathology

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  • [Cites] J Clin Oncol. 1985 Sep;3(9):1202-16 [4031967.001]
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  • (PMID = 18411199.001).
  • [ISSN] 1699-048X
  • [Journal-full-title] Clinical & translational oncology : official publication of the Federation of Spanish Oncology Societies and of the National Cancer Institute of Mexico
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Clin Transl Oncol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Italy
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84. Mirilas P, Skandalakis JE: Surgical anatomy of the retroperitoneal spaces, Part V: Surgical applications and complications. Am Surg; 2010 Apr;76(4):358-64
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Surgical anatomy of the retroperitoneal spaces, Part V: Surgical applications and complications.
  • Knowledge of the surgical anatomy of the retroperitoneum is crucial for surgery of the retroperitoneal organs.
  • Surgery is essential for treatment of retroperitoneal pathologies.
  • The list of these diseases is extensive and comprises acute and chronic inflammatory processes (abscess, injury, hematoma, idiopathic fibrosis), metastatic neoplasms, and primary neoplasms from fibroadipose tissue, connective tissue, smooth and striated muscle, vascular tissue, somatic and sympathetic nervous tissue, extraadrenal chromaffin tissue, and lymphatic tissue.
  • The retroperitoneum can be approached and explored by several routes, including the transperitoneal route and the extraperitoneal route.
  • The retroperitoneal approach to the iliac fossa is used for ectopic renal transplantation.
  • Safe and reliable primary retroperitoneal access can be performed for laparoscopic exploration.
  • The anatomic complications of retroperitoneal surgery are the complications of the organs located in several compartments of the retroperitoneal space.
  • [MeSH-major] Anatomy, Regional. Postoperative Complications. Retroperitoneal Space / surgery

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  • (PMID = 20420243.001).
  • [ISSN] 0003-1348
  • [Journal-full-title] The American surgeon
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Am Surg
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Number-of-references] 49
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85. Miller G, Mueller C, Yim D, Macari M, Liang H, Marcus S, Shamamian P: Perforated duodenal diverticulitis: a report of three cases. Dig Surg; 2005;22(3):198-202
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • However, perforation of a duodenal diverticulum with spillage of enteric contents into the retroperitoneum is rare.
  • CT scanning was the imaging modality used to make an accurate diagnosis.
  • CONCLUSIONS: This report highlights the salient issues in the presentation, diagnosis and modern management of patients with this potentially catastrophic disease.

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  • [Copyright] Copyright (c) 2005 S. Karger AG, Basel.
  • (PMID = 16137998.001).
  • [ISSN] 0253-4886
  • [Journal-full-title] Digestive surgery
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Dig Surg
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Switzerland
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86. Nomura T, Satoh R, Kashima K, Yamasaki M, Hirai K, Satoh F, Mimata H: A case of large solitary fibrous tumor in the retroperitoneum. Clin Med Case Rep; 2009;2:21-5
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  • [Title] A case of large solitary fibrous tumor in the retroperitoneum.
  • Solitary fibrous tumor (SFT) is a rare spindle cell neoplasm mainly originated in the pleural cavity.
  • We report here an unusual case of a large SFT in the retroperitoneum.
  • A 27-year-old female complaining of a palpable mass in the right flank with dull pain was admitted to our hospital with the diagnosis of right retroperitoneal tumor.
  • Computed tomography (CT) and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) showed a large retroperitoneal tumor arising from latissimus dorsi muscle.
  • Surgical findings revealed a partly encapsulated tumor and complete resection of tumor concomitantly with right kidney, 11th and 12th ribs, and diaphragm was performed.
  • Pathological examination demonstrated the tumor to be composed of increased mitotic activity and cellularity of spindle cells with a collagenous matrix.
  • Based on pathological features, diagnosis of SFT in the retroperitoneum was confirmed.
  • To our knowledge, this is the first report of an SFT arising from latissimus dorsi muscle and it is important to include SFT in the differential diagnosis of retroperitoneal tumors that caused considerable diagnostic problems due to its unusual site of origin.

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  • (PMID = 24179368.001).
  • [ISSN] 1178-6450
  • [Journal-full-title] Clinical medicine. Case reports
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Clin Med Case Rep
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] New Zealand
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC3785379
  • [Keywords] NOTNLM ; latissimus dorsi muscle / retroperitoneum / solitary fibrous tumor
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87. Barbetakis N, Samanidis G, Samanidou E, Kirodimos E, Kiziridou A, Bischiniotis T, Tsilikas C: Primary mediastinal liposarcoma: a case report. J Med Case Rep; 2007;1:161
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  • INTRODUCTION: Liposarcoma is the most commonly diagnosed soft tissue sarcoma in adults and occurs predominantly in the lower limbs and retroperitoneum.
  • If the entire tumor can not be resected, surgical debulking often results in symptomatic relief.

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  • [Cites] Ann Thorac Surg. 1989 Jun;47(6):920-1 [2757450.001]
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  • (PMID = 18053133.001).
  • [ISSN] 1752-1947
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of medical case reports
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Med Case Rep
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC2222671
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88. Nobuhara Y, Onoda N, Fukai K, Hosomi N, Ishii M, Wakasa K, Nishihara T, Ishikawa T, Hirakawa K: TIE2 gain-of-function mutation in a patient with pancreatic lymphangioma associated with blue rubber-bleb nevus syndrome: report of a case. Surg Today; 2006;36(3):283-6
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • Abdominal lymphangioma is a rare tumor in adults.
  • The most common location is the mesentery, but this tumor occasionally develops in the pancreas.
  • The pancreatic lymphangioma spread extensively throughout the retroperitoneum without causing any symptoms for more than 4 years after its histological diagnosis by laparoscopic biopsy.


89. Allemann P, Perretta S, Marescaux J: Surgical access to the adrenal gland: the quest for a "no visible scar" approach. Surg Oncol; 2009 Jun;18(2):131-7
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • This concept seems to us to be a fundamental in surgery of the retroperitoneum.
  • Although transperitoneal adrenalectomy has previously been reported in a porcine model, here we report our initial experiences of extra-peritoneal transvaginal NOTES approach of the retroperitoneum, focused on the field of adrenal surgery in both porcine and cadaver models.
  • [MeSH-major] Adrenal Glands / surgery. Endoscopy, Gastrointestinal / methods. Retroperitoneal Space / surgery

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  • (PMID = 19121935.001).
  • [ISSN] 1879-3320
  • [Journal-full-title] Surgical oncology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Surg Oncol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] Netherlands
  • [Number-of-references] 31
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90. Carver BS, Motzer RJ, Kondagunta GV, Sogani PG, Sheinfeld J: Late relapse of testicular germ cell tumors. Urol Oncol; 2005 Nov-Dec;23(6):441-5
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • The pattern of late relapse suggests that an inadequately controlled retroperitoneum is a major predisposing factor, with up to 80% of late relapses occurring in the retroperitoneum.
  • [MeSH-minor] Humans. Male. Neoplasm Staging. Recurrence. Survival Rate. Time Factors

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  • [CommentIn] Urol Oncol. 2005 Nov-Dec;23(6):445-6 [16301126.001]
  • (PMID = 16301125.001).
  • [ISSN] 1078-1439
  • [Journal-full-title] Urologic oncology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Urol. Oncol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Number-of-references] 25
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91. Burns DA, Ben-David B, Chelly JE, Greensmith JE: Intercostally placed paravertebral catheterization: an alternative approach to continuous paravertebral blockade. Anesth Analg; 2008 Jul;107(1):339-41
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • METHODS: One hundred ten patients undergoing major abdominal, thoracic, or retroperitoneal procedures had preoperative placement of unilateral or bilateral paravertebral catheter(s) via an intercostal approach.
  • CONCLUSION: The intercostally placed paravertebral catheter provides postoperative analgesia after major surgery of the chest, abdomen, or retroperitoneum.

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  • (PMID = 18635506.001).
  • [ISSN] 1526-7598
  • [Journal-full-title] Anesthesia and analgesia
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Anesth. Analg.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] United States
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92. Mali VP, Tan HC, Loh D, Prabhakaran K: Inflammatory tumour of the retroperitoneum--a case report. Ann Acad Med Singapore; 2005 Nov;34(10):632-5
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  • [Title] Inflammatory tumour of the retroperitoneum--a case report.
  • Though extrapulmonary masses have been reported in children; retroperitoneal growths are exceedingly rare.
  • We report a case of retroperitoneal IMT that presented with constitutional symptoms without any palpable abdominal mass.
  • An abdominal computed tomography (CT) scan revealed a right suprarenal tumour measuring 3.5 cm without any calcification.
  • TREATMENT: A laparotomy with complete excision of the tumour was performed.
  • Final histology revealed an inflammatory myofibroblastic tumour without any correlates of aggressive behaviour.
  • CONCLUSION: Although rare, IMTs should be considered in any abdominal solid tumour with associated constitutional and laboratory features of an inflammatory response.
  • Complete surgical excision is effective treatment for biologically benign tumours.
  • [MeSH-major] Granuloma, Plasma Cell / diagnosis. Retroperitoneal Space
  • [MeSH-minor] Child. Diagnosis, Differential. Follow-Up Studies. Humans. Laparotomy. Male. Tomography, X-Ray Computed

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  • (PMID = 16382249.001).
  • [ISSN] 0304-4602
  • [Journal-full-title] Annals of the Academy of Medicine, Singapore
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Ann. Acad. Med. Singap.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Singapore
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93. Loddenkemper K, Hoyer B, Loddenkemper C, Hermann KG, Rogalla P, Förster G, Buttgereit F, Hiepe F, Burmester GR: A case of Erdheim-Chester disease initially mistaken for Ormond's disease. Nat Clin Pract Rheumatol; 2008 Jan;4(1):50-5
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • Idiopathic retroperitoneal fibrosis (Ormond's disease) had been diagnosed in the past, leading to surgical ureterolysis.
  • Re-evaluation of the CT scans and histological biopsy samples revealed unusual sclerosis of the long bones and diffuse infiltrates of foamy histiocytes in the bone marrow and the retroperitoneum.
  • INVESTIGATIONS: Physical examination, laboratory tests including hemoglobin concentration, erythrocyte sedimentation rate, C-reactive protein level, beta2-microglobulin level, creatinine level, CT of the chest and abdomen, bone scintigraphy, bone marrow and soft tissue biopsies and immunohistochemistry.
  • DIAGNOSIS: Erdheim-Chester disease with retroperitoneal fibrosis and bone sclerosis.
  • [MeSH-major] Erdheim-Chester Disease / diagnosis. Retroperitoneal Fibrosis / diagnosis
  • [MeSH-minor] Anemia / etiology. Antineoplastic Agents / therapeutic use. Diagnosis, Differential. Humans. Hydronephrosis / etiology. Interferon Type I / therapeutic use. Male. Middle Aged. Recombinant Proteins

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  • (PMID = 18172449.001).
  • [ISSN] 1745-8390
  • [Journal-full-title] Nature clinical practice. Rheumatology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Nat Clin Pract Rheumatol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Antineoplastic Agents; 0 / Interferon Type I; 0 / Recombinant Proteins
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94. Nguyen CT, Kratovil T, Edwards MJ: Retroperitoneal teratoma presenting as an abscess in childhood. J Pediatr Surg; 2007 Nov;42(11):E21-3
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Retroperitoneal teratoma presenting as an abscess in childhood.
  • Retroperitoneal teratomas are rare, representing only 1% to 11% of primary retroperitoneal neoplasms.
  • Fifteen years later, the patient had a recurrence of symptoms and the abscess was ultimately recognized to be an infected retroperitoneal teratoma.
  • In an otherwise healthy child who presents with an unexplained abscess in the sacrococcygeal area, gonads, mediastinum, or retroperitoneum, one should entertain the diagnosis of teratoma.
  • [MeSH-major] Abdominal Abscess / diagnosis. Retroperitoneal Neoplasms / diagnosis. Staphylococcal Infections / diagnosis. Teratoma / diagnosis
  • [MeSH-minor] Biopsy, Needle. Child. Diagnosis, Differential. Female. Follow-Up Studies. Humans. Immunohistochemistry. Laparotomy / methods. Magnetic Resonance Imaging. Risk Assessment. Tomography, X-Ray Computed. Treatment Outcome

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  • (PMID = 18022422.001).
  • [ISSN] 1531-5037
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of pediatric surgery
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Pediatr. Surg.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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95. Bisceglia M, D'Alessandro V, Simeone A, Ben-Dor D, Pasquinelli G: Selected case from the Arkadi M. Rywlin International Pathology Slide Seminar: Sporadic lymphangioleiomyomatosis. Adv Anat Pathol; 2010 Nov;17(6):445-52
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • LAM may involve the lungs and the axial lymphatics and lymph nodes of the thorax and retroperitoneum.
  • The diagnosis of LAM is often delayed.
  • The diagnosis was first made on a retroperitoneal lymph node biopsy.
  • The patient had a prolonged prior history of respiratory problems owing to lung involvement, and eventually died 2 years after diagnosis.
  • Focus on the clinicopathologic diagnosis of TSC is also made.
  • [MeSH-major] Lung Neoplasms / pathology. Lymph Nodes / pathology. Lymphangioleiomyomatosis / pathology. Retroperitoneal Neoplasms / pathology

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  • (PMID = 20966650.001).
  • [ISSN] 1533-4031
  • [Journal-full-title] Advances in anatomic pathology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Adv Anat Pathol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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96. Winterbottom CT: Positive psoas sign in presentation of retroperitoneal malignant triton tumour. BMJ Case Rep; 2010;2010
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Positive psoas sign in presentation of retroperitoneal malignant triton tumour.
  • This article describes a case of a rare malignant neoplasm presenting to the emergency department with common symptomatology and its subsequent identification using a simple physical examination technique.
  • Discussion includes a description of this rare soft tissue sarcoma and a consideration of the value of the psoas sign as a part of the routine abdominal exam to detect intra-abdominal and retroperitoneal pathology.
  • In conclusion, this article acts as a reminder to all clinicians that uncommon and significant pathology may present to the emergency department masquerading as a common, seemingly benign, complaint, but can be clinically identified using simple techniques available to all and rapidly investigated using appropriate special investigations.

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  • (PMID = 22479296.001).
  • [ISSN] 1757-790X
  • [Journal-full-title] BMJ case reports
  • [ISO-abbreviation] BMJ Case Rep
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC3047516
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97. Li Q, Gao C, Juzi JT, Hao X: Analysis of 82 cases of retroperitoneal schwannoma. ANZ J Surg; 2007 Apr;77(4):237-40
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Analysis of 82 cases of retroperitoneal schwannoma.
  • BACKGROUND: The aim of the study was to improve the diagnosis and treatment of retroperitoneal schwannoma by analysing clinical manifestations and postoperative course of this rare disease.
  • METHODS: A retrospective analysis of 82 patients with retroperitoneal schwannoma between January 1951 and September 2004 was carried out.
  • The interval between clinical manifestation and diagnosis ranged from 10 days to 2 years.
  • Only in 13 patients (15.9%) a correct preoperative diagnosis was made by either ultrasound-guided biopsy, computed tomography scanning or magnetic resonance imaging.
  • Most of the retroperitoneal schwannomas were close to the spine.
  • Pathological results showed 81 (98.8%) were benign schwannoma and 1 (1.2%) was a malignant one.
  • The tumour size ranged from 3 to 22 cm.
  • One benign schwannoma recurred 3 years after the operation.
  • CONCLUSION: Most of the retroperitoneal schwannomas are benign.
  • It is difficult to make an accurate preoperative diagnosis.
  • However, with the preoperative assessment of ultrasound-guided fine-needle aspiration, computed tomography and magnetic resonance imaging, the accuracy of diagnosis could definitely be improved.
  • [MeSH-major] Neurilemmoma / diagnosis. Neurilemmoma / surgery. Retroperitoneal Neoplasms / diagnosis. Retroperitoneal Neoplasms / surgery
  • [MeSH-minor] Adolescent. Adult. Aged. Child. Child, Preschool. Diagnostic Imaging. Female. Humans. Infant. Male. Middle Aged. Neoplasm Recurrence, Local. Prognosis. Retrospective Studies. Survival Analysis. Treatment Outcome

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  • (PMID = 17388825.001).
  • [ISSN] 1445-1433
  • [Journal-full-title] ANZ journal of surgery
  • [ISO-abbreviation] ANZ J Surg
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Australia
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98. Hong W, Yu XM, Jiang MQ, Chen B, Wang XB, Yang LT, Zhang YP: Solitary extramedullary plasmacytoma in retroperitoneum: a case report and review of the literature. World J Gastroenterol; 2009 May 21;15(19):2425-7
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Solitary extramedullary plasmacytoma in retroperitoneum: a case report and review of the literature.
  • Extramedullary plasmacytoma (EPM) is a plasma cell tumor arising outside of the bone marrow.
  • Solitary EMP is an uncommon neoplasm and rarely occurs in the retroperitoneum and lacks distinctive clinical manifestations.
  • We report a 26-year-old man with a solitary EMP in the retroperitoneum and discuss its clinical features, diagnosis and treatment.
  • [MeSH-major] Plasmacytoma / diagnosis. Retroperitoneal Neoplasms / diagnosis

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  • (PMID = 19452592.001).
  • [ISSN] 2219-2840
  • [Journal-full-title] World journal of gastroenterology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] World J. Gastroenterol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] China
  • [Number-of-references] 14
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC2684616
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99. Castellanos G, Piñero A, Fernández JA: [Intra-abdominal hypertension and abdominal compartment syndrome. What should surgeons know and how should they manage these entities?]. Cir Esp; 2007 Jan;81(1):4-11
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • Correct monitoring of medicosurgical critically-ill patients aids the early diagnosis and appropriate treatment of intra-abdominal hypertension (IAH) and abdominal compartment syndrome (ACS).
  • The abdominal cavity and the retroperitoneum act sealed compartments and any change in the volume of their contents can increase intraabdominal pressure (IAP).

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  • (PMID = 17263951.001).
  • [ISSN] 0009-739X
  • [Journal-full-title] Cirugía española
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Cir Esp
  • [Language] spa
  • [Publication-type] English Abstract; Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] Spain
  • [Number-of-references] 37
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100. Kamisawa T, Chen PY, Tu Y, Nakajima H, Egawa N: Autoimmune pancreatitis metachronously associated with retroperitoneal fibrosis with IgG4-positive plasma cell infiltration. World J Gastroenterol; 2006 May 14;12(18):2955-7
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Autoimmune pancreatitis metachronously associated with retroperitoneal fibrosis with IgG4-positive plasma cell infiltration.
  • Retroperitoneal fibrosis is an uncommon disorder characterized by the formation of a dense plaque of fibrous tissue in the retroperitoneum, and its etiology remains unknown.
  • We present a case of autoimmune pancreatitis that developed 10 mo after the occurrence of retroperitoneal fibrosis.
  • Histological findings of the resected retroperitoneal mass were marked periureteral fibrosis with abundant infiltration of IgG4-positive plasma cells and lymphocytes and obliterative phlebitis.
  • These findings suggest a common pathophysiological mechanism for retroperitoneal fibrosis and autoimmune pancreatitis in this case.
  • Some cases of retroperitoneal fibrosis might be a retroperitoneal lesion of IgG4-related sclerosing disease.
  • [MeSH-major] Autoimmune Diseases / immunology. Autoimmune Diseases / pathology. Immunoglobulin G / analysis. Pancreatitis / immunology. Pancreatitis / pathology. Plasma Cells / immunology. Retroperitoneal Fibrosis / immunology. Retroperitoneal Fibrosis / pathology






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