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1. Tougeron D, Savoye G, Savoye-Collet C, Koning E, Michot F, Lerebours E: Predicting factors of fistula healing and clinical remission after infliximab-based combined therapy for perianal fistulizing Crohn's disease. Dig Dis Sci; 2009 Aug;54(8):1746-52
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  • The initial response seemed related to the absence of active intestinal disease, especially in the rectum, when the long-term response could not be predicted by the basal characteristics of patients.

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  • (PMID = 19003531.001).
  • [ISSN] 1573-2568
  • [Journal-full-title] Digestive diseases and sciences
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Dig. Dis. Sci.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Anti-Bacterial Agents; 0 / Anti-Inflammatory Agents; 0 / Antibodies, Monoclonal; 0 / Immunosuppressive Agents; 140QMO216E / Metronidazole; 5E8K9I0O4U / Ciprofloxacin; B72HH48FLU / Infliximab; MRK240IY2L / Azathioprine; YL5FZ2Y5U1 / Methotrexate
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2. Bhat NA, Grover VP, Bhatnagar V: Pre-operative manometry of the blind rectal pouch to predict post-operative potential for continence in anorectal malformation. Trop Gastroenterol; 2008 Jan-Mar;29(1):51-4
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  • [Title] Pre-operative manometry of the blind rectal pouch to predict post-operative potential for continence in anorectal malformation.
  • METHODS: Ten patients aged 12 to 54 months were subjected to pre-posterior sagittal anorectoplasty manometry by introducing the balloon catheter probe through the distal colostomy into the blind rectal pouch.
  • A second study was repeated after posterior sagittal anorectoplasty (PSARP), the probe was introduced into the rectum via the neo-anus and the electromyography needles were placed on either side of the neo-anus.
  • RESULTS: Pre-posterior sagittal anorectoplasty rectal pouch pressures were in the range of 18.3-93.3 cm H2O and electromyographic activity was between 43.6 and 383.0 microv.
  • [MeSH-major] Anal Canal / abnormalities. Rectum / abnormalities

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  • (PMID = 18564672.001).
  • [ISSN] 0250-636X
  • [Journal-full-title] Tropical gastroenterology : official journal of the Digestive Diseases Foundation
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Trop Gastroenterol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Comparative Study; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] India
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3. Leo E, Belli F, Miceli R, Mariani L, Gallino G, Battaglia L, Vannelli A, Andreola S: Distal clearance margin of 1 cm or less: a safe distance in lower rectum cancer surgery. Int J Colorectal Dis; 2009 Mar;24(3):317-22
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  • [Title] Distal clearance margin of 1 cm or less: a safe distance in lower rectum cancer surgery.
  • PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to investigate the prognostic role of distal clearance margin (DCM) in lower rectum cancer surgery.
  • MATERIALS AND METHODS: Two-hundred-three cancer patients underwent total rectal resection, possibly followed by adjuvant chemoradiotherapy.
  • CONCLUSIONS: DCM, but not tumor size, is a prognostic factor after sphincter-saving surgery, which is safe whenever a negative margin is achieved.
  • [MeSH-major] Rectal Neoplasms / surgery
  • [MeSH-minor] Aged. Female. Humans. Incidence. Italy / epidemiology. Male. Middle Aged. Neoplasm Metastasis. Proportional Hazards Models. Recurrence. Survival Analysis

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  • (PMID = 18931846.001).
  • [ISSN] 1432-1262
  • [Journal-full-title] International journal of colorectal disease
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Int J Colorectal Dis
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] Germany
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4. Terkivatan T, den Hoed PT, Lange JF Jr, Koot VC, van Goch JJ, Veen HF: The place of the posterior surgical approach for lesions of the rectum. Dig Surg; 2005;22(1-2):86-90
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  • [Title] The place of the posterior surgical approach for lesions of the rectum.
  • BACKGROUND: Although there are many advantages of a posterior approach to rectal disease, these procedures are not widely accepted because many surgeons fear the postoperative complications.
  • METHODS: The medical records were reviewed of 57 patients who underwent a posterior approach to the rectum between January 1980 and December 2002.
  • Indications for surgery were benign lesions (n = 33), e.g. villous adenoma, rectal prolapse and endometriosis as well as invasive adenocarcinoma (n = 24).
  • CONCLUSION: We believe that a posterior approach to the rectum should be considered for various benign and selected malignant diseases, especially in case of elderly patients or patients with a compromised general condition, and has to be a part of the surgeon's armamentarium.
  • [MeSH-major] Digestive System Surgical Procedures. Rectal Neoplasms / surgery
  • [MeSH-minor] Adenoma, Villous / surgery. Aged. Aged, 80 and over. Endometriosis / surgery. Female. Humans. Male. Middle Aged. Prolapse. Rectal Diseases / surgery

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  • (PMID = 15849468.001).
  • [ISSN] 0253-4886
  • [Journal-full-title] Digestive surgery
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Dig Surg
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Switzerland
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5. Maxwell JR, Viney JL: Overview of mouse models of inflammatory bowel disease and their use in drug discovery. Curr Protoc Pharmacol; 2009 Dec;Chapter 5:Unit5.57
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  • UC is restricted to the colon and is manifest as continuous inflammation starting from the rectum and extending back towards the cecum.

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  • (PMID = 22294403.001).
  • [ISSN] 1934-8290
  • [Journal-full-title] Current protocols in pharmacology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Curr Protoc Pharmacol
  • [Language] ENG
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] United States
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6. Palanivelu C, Rangarajan M, Sethilkumar R, Madankumar MV, Kalyanakumari V: Laparoscopic management of iatrogenic high rectovaginal fistulas (Type VI). Singapore Med J; 2007 Mar;48(3):e96-8
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  • Laparoscopic repair was successfully performed by suturing the defects and fixing an omental patch between the rectum and vagina.
  • Diagnosis and exact location of the fistula is critical in the management.
  • [MeSH-minor] Digestive System Surgical Procedures. Female. Humans. Ileum / injuries. Laparoscopy. Leiomyoma / surgery. Middle Aged. Peritonitis / etiology. Uterine Neoplasms / surgery

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  • (PMID = 17342282.001).
  • [ISSN] 0037-5675
  • [Journal-full-title] Singapore medical journal
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Singapore Med J
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Singapore
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7. Koganei K, Kimura H, Sugita A, Arai K, Fukushima T, Shimada H: [Clinical experiences of five cases with ulcerative colitis and recto- or anovaginal fistula]. Nihon Shokakibyo Gakkai Zasshi; 2006 Dec;103(12):1355-60
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  • [Title] [Clinical experiences of five cases with ulcerative colitis and recto- or anovaginal fistula].
  • Clinical aspects, treatment and outcome of five patients with ulcerative colitis recto- or anovaginal fistula and were studied retrospectively.
  • Complete closure of fistula was obtained in two patients;in one patient rectum was resected below the fistula and in one patient defect of the vaginal posterior wall was reconstructed by using a gluteal fold flap following colectomy.
  • Recto- or anovaginal fistula complicating ulcerative colitis is rare but may occur in the patients with severe rectal inflammation and they can be managed by restorative proctocolectomy with an ileal pouch anal or anal canal anastomosis.
  • [MeSH-major] Colitis, Ulcerative / complications. Rectal Fistula / complications. Rectovaginal Fistula / complications. Urogenital Surgical Procedures / methods

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  • (PMID = 17148923.001).
  • [ISSN] 0446-6586
  • [Journal-full-title] Nihon Shokakibyo Gakkai zasshi = The Japanese journal of gastro-enterology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Nihon Shokakibyo Gakkai Zasshi
  • [Language] jpn
  • [Publication-type] English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Japan
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8. Ihtiyar E, Algin C, Isiksoy S, Ates E: Small cell carcinoma of rectum: a case report. World J Gastroenterol; 2005 May 28;11(20):3156-8
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  • [Title] Small cell carcinoma of rectum: a case report.
  • We present a case of a 40-year-old woman with small-cell carcinoma (SCC) of the rectum.
  • She had profuse bleeding in rectum for 5 d.
  • By colonoscopy, polyps were determined in the rectum and biopsies were carried out.
  • Because of the profuse bleeding in rectum, she underwent low anterior resection.
  • After the diagnosis of SCC, she received intravenous chemotherapy with standard doses of siklofosfamid, adriamycin, and vepesid.
  • [MeSH-major] Carcinoma, Small Cell. Rectal Neoplasms

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  • (PMID = 15918209.001).
  • [ISSN] 1007-9327
  • [Journal-full-title] World journal of gastroenterology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] World J. Gastroenterol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] China
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC4305859
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9. Wang R, Fu Y, Zhao Q, Pan L, Zhang W: Human Fcalpha/muR and pIgR distribute differently in intestinal tissues. Biochem Biophys Res Commun; 2009 Apr 3;381(2):148-52
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  • Similar expression patterns for Fcalpha/muR were observed in the small intestine, appendix, colon and rectum.

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  • (PMID = 19338768.001).
  • [ISSN] 1090-2104
  • [Journal-full-title] Biochemical and biophysical research communications
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Biochem. Biophys. Res. Commun.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Antibodies, Monoclonal; 0 / Fcalpha-mu receptor, human; 0 / Receptors, Fc; 0 / Receptors, Polymeric Immunoglobulin
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10. Alsharif M, Aslan DL, Jessurun J, Gulbahce HE, Pambuccian SE: Cytologic diagnosis of metastatic seminoma to the prostate and urinary bladder: a case report. Diagn Cytopathol; 2008 Oct;36(10):734-8
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  • [Title] Cytologic diagnosis of metastatic seminoma to the prostate and urinary bladder: a case report.
  • A computed tomography (CT) scan showed a 8.0 x 6.0 x 5.0 cm mass in the retrovesical space, encompassing the left side of his proximal bladder, the prostate, and the rectum.
  • The tumor cells were immunoreactive for c-kit (CD117), placental-like alkaline phosphatase (PLAP), D2-40, and OCT4.
  • [MeSH-major] Prostatic Neoplasms / diagnosis. Prostatic Neoplasms / secondary. Seminoma / diagnosis. Seminoma / secondary. Urinary Bladder Neoplasms / diagnosis. Urinary Bladder Neoplasms / secondary
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Alkaline Phosphatase / metabolism. Biopsy. Humans. Isoenzymes / metabolism. Male. Octamer Transcription Factor-3 / metabolism. Prostate / metabolism. Prostate / pathology. Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-kit / metabolism. Testicular Neoplasms / pathology. Urine / cytology

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  • (PMID = 18773441.001).
  • [ISSN] 1097-0339
  • [Journal-full-title] Diagnostic cytopathology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Diagn. Cytopathol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Isoenzymes; 0 / Octamer Transcription Factor-3; 0 / POU5F1 protein, human; 0 / germ-cell AP isoenzyme; EC 2.7.10.1 / Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-kit; EC 3.1.3.1 / Alkaline Phosphatase
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11. Chernoff R: An overview of tube feeding: from ancient times to the future. Nutr Clin Pract; 2006 Aug;21(4):408-10
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  • The history of enteral feeding goes back about 3,500 years to the ancient Greeks and Egyptians, who infused nutrient solutions into the rectum to treat various bowel disorders.

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  • (PMID = 16870810.001).
  • [ISSN] 0884-5336
  • [Journal-full-title] Nutrition in clinical practice : official publication of the American Society for Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Nutr Clin Pract
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Historical Article; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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12. Heinrich M, Grgic A, Heckmann M, Uder M: [Retention of a videoendoscopy capsule leading to small bowel obstruction in a patient with recurrence of rectum carcinoma]. Rontgenpraxis; 2006;56(3):113-7
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  • [Title] [Retention of a videoendoscopy capsule leading to small bowel obstruction in a patient with recurrence of rectum carcinoma].
  • Surgery demonstrated that the capsule had been retained in a segment of the ileum which was infiltrated by a recurrence of rectum carcinoma.
  • [MeSH-major] Endoscopy, Gastrointestinal / adverse effects. Ileal Diseases / etiology. Ileal Diseases / radiography. Intestinal Obstruction / etiology. Intestinal Obstruction / radiography. Intestine, Small / radiography. Rectal Neoplasms / pathology

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  • (PMID = 17051966.001).
  • [ISSN] 0035-7820
  • [Journal-full-title] Röntgenpraxis; Zeitschrift für radiologische Technik
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Rontgenpraxis
  • [Language] ger
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Germany
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13. Kim YK, Ideuchi H, Watanabe S, Park SI, Huh Md, Kaneko T: Rectal water absorption in seawater-adapted Japanese eel Anguilla japonica. Comp Biochem Physiol A Mol Integr Physiol; 2008 Dec;151(4):533-41
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  • [Title] Rectal water absorption in seawater-adapted Japanese eel Anguilla japonica.
  • We investigated a possible significant role of the rectum in water absorption in seawater-adapted eel.
  • In rectal sacs filled with balanced salt solution (BSS) and incubated in isotonic BSS, water absorption was greater in seawater-adapted eel than in freshwater eel.
  • Since rectal fluid osmolality was slightly lower than plasma osmolality in seawater-adapted eel, effects of rectal fluid osmolality on water absorption were examined in rectal sacs filled with artificial rectal fluid with different osmolality.
  • Rectal water absorption was greater at lower rectal fluid osmolality, suggesting that an osmotic gradient between the blood and rectal fluid drives the water movement.
  • Ouabain, a specific inhibitor of Na+/K(+)-ATPase, inhibited water absorption in rectal sacs, indicating that an osmotic gradient favorable to rectal water absorption was created by ion uptake driven by Na+/K(+)-ATPase.
  • Expression levels of aquaporin 1 (AQP1), a water-selective channel, were significantly higher in the rectum than in the anterior and posterior intestines.
  • Immunoreaction for Na+/K(+)-ATPase was detected in the mucosal epithelial cells in the rectum with more intense staining in the basal half than in the apical half, whereas AQP1 was located in the apical membrane of Na+/K(+)-ATPase-immunoreactive epithelial cells.
  • The rectum is spatially separated from the posterior intestine by a valve structure and from the anus by a sphincter.
  • Such structures allow the rectum to swell as intestinal fluid flows into it, and a concomitant increase in hydrostatic pressure may provide an additional force for rectal water absorption.
  • Our findings indicate that the rectum contributes greatly to high efficiency of intestinal water absorption by simultaneous absorption of ions and water.
  • [MeSH-minor] Adaptation, Physiological. Animals. Aquaporin 1 / genetics. Aquaporin 1 / metabolism. Base Sequence. DNA Primers / genetics. Enzyme Inhibitors / pharmacology. Fresh Water. Immunohistochemistry. In Vitro Techniques. Intestinal Absorption. Ouabain / pharmacology. RNA, Messenger / genetics. RNA, Messenger / metabolism. Rectum / anatomy & histology. Rectum / physiology. Seawater. Sodium-Potassium-Exchanging ATPase / antagonists & inhibitors. Sodium-Potassium-Exchanging ATPase / metabolism. Water-Electrolyte Balance

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  • (PMID = 18687408.001).
  • [ISSN] 1531-4332
  • [Journal-full-title] Comparative biochemistry and physiology. Part A, Molecular & integrative physiology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Comp. Biochem. Physiol., Part A Mol. Integr. Physiol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / DNA Primers; 0 / Enzyme Inhibitors; 0 / RNA, Messenger; 146410-94-8 / Aquaporin 1; 5ACL011P69 / Ouabain; EC 3.6.3.9 / Sodium-Potassium-Exchanging ATPase
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14. Ishizuka M, Nagata H, Takagi K, Horie T, Abe A, Kubota K: Rectal angiolipoma diagnosed after surgical resection: a case report. World J Gastroenterol; 2007 Jan 21;13(3):467-9
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  • [Title] Rectal angiolipoma diagnosed after surgical resection: a case report.
  • Angiolipoma is a common benign tumor with a characteristic vascular component that usually occurs in subcutaneous tissue.
  • Although lipomas are frequently encountered at colonoscopy as submucosal tumors, angiolipomas are rarely found in the gastrointestinal tract including the large intestine.
  • Here we report a 77-year old Japanese man who underwent transanal resection of a tumor that was diagnosed tentatively as a leiomyoma.
  • Histologically, the tumor consisted of mature fat cells and blood vessels.
  • Immunohistochemically, the tumor cells were negative for c-kit and HMB-45, which are consistently expressed in tumors such as gastrointestinal stromal tumor and angiomyolipoma.
  • The tumor was therefore diagnosed as an angiolipoma.
  • This is thought to be the first case report of a surgically resected angiolipoma of the rectum.
  • [MeSH-major] Angiolipoma / diagnosis. Rectal Neoplasms / diagnosis

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  • (PMID = 17230621.001).
  • [ISSN] 1007-9327
  • [Journal-full-title] World journal of gastroenterology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] World J. Gastroenterol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] China
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC4065907
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15. Wentworth S, Russell GB, Tuner II, Levine EA, Mishra G, Waters GS, Blackstock AW: Long-term results of local excision with and without chemoradiation for adenocarcinoma of the rectum. Clin Colorectal Cancer; 2005 Jan;4(5):332-5
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  • [Title] Long-term results of local excision with and without chemoradiation for adenocarcinoma of the rectum.
  • The role of local excision for rectal carcinoma remains controversial.
  • We reviewed 285 patients undergoing curative resection for rectal cancer between 1984 and 2001.
  • For patients undergoing local excision, postoperative tumor stages were Tis (22%), T1 (41%), T2 (18%), and T3 (18%).
  • The rate of local failure (16%) is comparable to that observed in the Cancer and Leukemia Group B (CALGB) 8984 prospective study and suggests that highly selected patients undergoing local excision can expect good local control of rectal cancer.
  • [MeSH-major] Rectal Neoplasms / surgery

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  • (PMID = 15663837.001).
  • [ISSN] 1533-0028
  • [Journal-full-title] Clinical colorectal cancer
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Clin Colorectal Cancer
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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16. Radomirov R, Ivancheva C, Itzev D, Petkova-Kirova P: Locality-dependent descending reflex motor activity in the anal canal--cholinergic and nitrergic contributions in the rat model. Acta Pharmacol Sin; 2009 Sep;30(9):1276-82
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  • AIM: Since the distal part of the intestine is targeted by a wide range of pathogens, the motility of the recto-anal region has been the object of many experimental and clinical observations.
  • In this study, we investigated descending motor responses in the anal canal as a measure of the activation of autonomic reflex pathways underlying evacuatory recto-anal activity.
  • METHODS: The partitioned organ bath method was used to register motor responses of the anal canal as induced by balloon distension of the rectum in isolated rat recto-anal preparations.
  • ChAT-positive nerve fibers were observed in myenteric ganglia of the rectum and the anal canal.
  • CONCLUSION: Our results suggest that locality-dependent activation of the descending reflex neuromuscular communications underlie evacuatory activity in the recto-anal region.
  • This activation response involves long excitatory cholinergic and non-cholinergic pathways along the rectum and short inhibitory nitrergic pathways located predominantly in the anal canal region.

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  • (PMID = 19701235.001).
  • [ISSN] 1745-7254
  • [Journal-full-title] Acta pharmacologica Sinica
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Acta Pharmacol. Sin.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Cholinergic Agents; 0 / Parasympatholytics; 0 / Sodium Channel Blockers; 2149-70-4 / Nitroarginine; 4368-28-9 / Tetrodotoxin; 7C0697DR9I / Atropine; 94ZLA3W45F / Arginine
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC4007176
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17. Shafik A, Ahmed I, Sibai OE, Shafik AA: Straining-cremasteric reflex: identification of a new reflex and its role during increased intra-abdominal pressure. Surg Radiol Anat; 2006 Aug;28(4):387-90
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  • The IAP was recorded by a manometric catheter introduced into the rectum.
  • The response was recorded again after individual anesthetization of the CM and rectum.
  • Straining (sudden or slow sustained) effected increase of the rectal pressure and CM EMG.
  • The more the rectal pressure was increased by straining, the more the CM EMG was increased.
  • The CM did not respond to straining after individual anesthetization of the rectum and CM but did respond to saline administration.
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Anesthetics, Local / administration & dosage. Cough / physiopathology. Electromyography / methods. Electromyography / statistics & numerical data. Humans. Lidocaine / administration & dosage. Male. Manometry / methods. Middle Aged. Rectum / drug effects. Rectum / physiology. Reference Values. Sodium Chloride / administration & dosage. Valsalva Maneuver / physiology

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  • (PMID = 16652203.001).
  • [ISSN] 0930-1038
  • [Journal-full-title] Surgical and radiologic anatomy : SRA
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Surg Radiol Anat
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Germany
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Anesthetics, Local; 451W47IQ8X / Sodium Chloride; 98PI200987 / Lidocaine
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18. Pakarinen MP, Baillie C, Koivusalo A, Rintala RJ: Transanal endoscopic-assisted proctoplasty--a novel surgical approach for individual management of patients with imperforate anus without fistula. J Pediatr Surg; 2006 Feb;41(2):314-7
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  • BACKGROUND/AIM: Imperforate anus without fistula consists of a spectrum of defects with variable distance between the rectal pouch and the perineum.
  • The distal termination of the rectum was clearly identified as by convergence of the anal columns.
  • Bright translumination of the endoscope light from the rectum to the anal dimple within the external sphincter indicated a low malformation amenable to transanal proctoplasty.
  • The rectum was incised from below under endoscopic visual control.
  • In all cases, the convergence of anal columns indicating rectal termination was right above the anal pit at the site of the maximal external sphincter squeeze.

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  • (PMID = 16481242.001).
  • [ISSN] 1531-5037
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of pediatric surgery
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Pediatr. Surg.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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19. Al-Halabi H, Portelance L, Duclos M, Reniers B, Bahoric B, Souhami L: Cone beam CT-based three-dimensional planning in high-dose-rate brachytherapy for cervical cancer. Int J Radiat Oncol Biol Phys; 2010 Jul 15;77(4):1092-7
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  • PURPOSE: To evaluate dose-volume histograms (DVHs) of bladder and rectum from the use of cone beam CT (CBCT)-based three-dimensional (3D) treatment planning in intracavitary high-dose-rate brachytherapy (HDRB) for cervical cancer patients and to compare these parameters with International Commission on Radiation Units and Measurements (ICRU) of rectal and bladder reference point dose measurements.
  • The use of a rectal tube and injection of bladder contrast before scanning facilitated contouring the rectum and bladder.
  • DVHs for the bladder and rectum were constructed for each treatment.
  • The minimum dose in the most irradiated 2.0-cm(3) volume of bladder (B(D2V)) and rectum (R(D2V)) were determined from DVHs and compared to ICRU reference point estimates of bladder (B(ICRU)) and rectum (R(ICRU)) doses.
  • [MeSH-major] Brachytherapy / methods. Cone-Beam Computed Tomography. Radiotherapy Planning, Computer-Assisted / methods. Rectum. Urinary Bladder. Uterine Cervical Neoplasms


20. Zerz A, Müller-Stich BP, Beck J, Linke GR, Tarantino I, Lange J: Endoscopic posterior mesorectal resection after transanal local excision of T1 carcinomas of the lower third of the rectum. Dis Colon Rectum; 2006 Jun;49(6):919-24
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  • [Title] Endoscopic posterior mesorectal resection after transanal local excision of T1 carcinomas of the lower third of the rectum.
  • PURPOSE: The rectum-sparing transanal local excision is a well-established treatment of T1 carcinomas of the lower third of the rectum.
  • A potentially increased locoregional recurrence rate by this procedure is tolerated because of the high morbidity and mortality risk of transabdominal rectal resection.
  • Dorsoposterior extraperitoneal pelviscopy makes it possible to remove the relevant lymphatic drainage of the lower third of the rectum minimally invasively, in the sense of a rectum-sparing endoscopic posterior mesorectal resection.
  • It has to be considered whether endoscopic posterior mesorectal resection in combination with transanal local excision allows for local radicality and an adequate tumor staging in T1 carcinomas of the lower third of the rectum, in terms of better-directed therapy planning compared with transanal local excision alone.
  • METHODS: We operated on 11 consecutive patients with T1 carcinomas of the lower third of the rectum by transanal local excision in combination with endoscopic posterior mesorectal resection as a two-stage procedure in the period from 1998 to 2005.
  • CONCLUSIONS: Radical excision of the primary tumor and an adequate tumor staging in T1 carcinomas of the lower third of the rectum seems to be achievable by means of transanal local excision and endoscopic posterior mesorectal resection.
  • [MeSH-major] Carcinoma / pathology. Carcinoma / surgery. Laparoscopy / methods. Rectal Neoplasms / pathology. Rectal Neoplasms / surgery
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Aged. Female. Follow-Up Studies. Humans. Lymph Node Excision. Male. Middle Aged. Neoplasm Staging. Retrospective Studies. Treatment Outcome

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  • (PMID = 16612534.001).
  • [ISSN] 0012-3706
  • [Journal-full-title] Diseases of the colon and rectum
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Dis. Colon Rectum
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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21. Collins SA, Downie SA, Olson TR, Mikhail MS: Nerve injury during uterosacral ligament fixation: a cadaver study. Int Urogynecol J Pelvic Floor Dysfunct; 2009 May;20(5):505-8
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  • It was part of the inferior hypogastric plexus, included fibers from S2 and S3, and radiated to the bladder and rectum.

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  • (PMID = 19172214.001).
  • [Journal-full-title] International urogynecology journal and pelvic floor dysfunction
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Int Urogynecol J Pelvic Floor Dysfunct
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] England
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22. Kouerinis IA, Zografos GC, Apostolakis EI, Menenakos EI, Anthopoulos P, Fotiadis CI, Gorgoulis VG, Argiriou ME, Bellenis IP: Spontaneous rupture of the colon sigmoid following spontaneous recurrent pneumothorax in a patient with Marfan syndrome. Med Sci Monit; 2006 Mar;12(3):CS21-3
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  • BACKGROUND: Spontaneous ruptures of the colon and rectum are very rare clinical entities and always require laparotomy.
  • CONCLUSIONS: The aim of this presentation is to raise the level of suspicion in every surgeon and gastroenterologist to include connective tissue disorders in their differential diagnosis in any case of spontaneous colon rupture and, if found, to follow further diagnostic procedures in anticipation of any other visceral complications.

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  • (PMID = 16501427.001).
  • [ISSN] 1234-1010
  • [Journal-full-title] Medical science monitor : international medical journal of experimental and clinical research
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Med. Sci. Monit.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] Poland
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23. Wu Y, Zhang SX, Luo N, Qiu MG, Tan LW, Li QY, Liu GJ, Li K: Creation of the digital three-dimensional model of the prostate and its adjacent structures based on Chinese visible human. Surg Radiol Anat; 2010 Aug;32(7):629-35
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  • We managed to provide three-dimensional digitized visible model of the prostate and its adjacent structures and to provide morphological data for imaging diagnosis and male urological surgery.
  • With 3D-DOCTOR software, the contour line of prostate and its adjacent structures including rectum, bladder, male urethra, ureter, seminal vesicle, ductus deferens, ejaculatory ducts, obturator internus, levator ani, coccygeus, male pelvis, femur, prostatic nervous and venous plexus, internal and external iliac arteries were segmented from the Chinese visible human (CVH)-1 data set and the three-dimensional surfaces of intrapelvic visceras were successfully and accurately reconstructed via surface rendering, which can also be manipulated individually and interactively.

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  • (PMID = 20397017.001).
  • [ISSN] 1279-8517
  • [Journal-full-title] Surgical and radiologic anatomy : SRA
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Surg Radiol Anat
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] Germany
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24. Lenz HJ: First-line combination treatment of colorectal cancer with hepatic metastases: choosing a targeted agent. Cancer Treat Rev; 2008;34 Suppl 2:S3-7
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  • A 56-year-old man has a history of bright red blood per rectum for 3 months; computed tomography reveals 4 hepatic lesions in the right lobe, the largest measuring 5.5 cm.
  • Chemotherapy may accomplish sufficient reduction of the hepatic tumor burden to enable surgery with curative intent.
  • In patients with initially unresectable tumors, a direct relationship of response to chemotherapy with attainment of resectability supports a strategy of using the most active regimens in potentially curable patients.
  • [MeSH-major] Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols / therapeutic use. Colorectal Neoplasms / drug therapy. Liver Neoplasms / drug therapy


25. Touboul C, Fauconnier A, Zareski E, Bouhanna P, Daraï E: The lateral infraureteral parametrium: myth or reality? Am J Obstet Gynecol; 2008 Sep;199(3):242.e1-6
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  • Infraureteral parametrium appeared as a fibrous tissue extending in a lateral, dorsal, and caudal direction on both sides of the rectum and very close to the pelvic plexus.
  • [MeSH-minor] Connective Tissue / anatomy & histology. Dissection. Female. Humans. Hysterectomy / methods. Laparoscopy. Magnetic Resonance Imaging. Ureter / anatomy & histology. Uterine Cervical Neoplasms / surgery

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  • (PMID = 18486092.001).
  • [ISSN] 1097-6868
  • [Journal-full-title] American journal of obstetrics and gynecology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Am. J. Obstet. Gynecol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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26. Pichon N, Mathonnet M, Verdière F, Carrier P: [Splenic trauma: an unusual complication of colonoscopy with polypectomy]. Gastroenterol Clin Biol; 2008 Feb;32(2):123-7
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  • Nowadays, colonoscopy has become an invaluable tool in the diagnosis and treatment of diseases of the colon and rectum.

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  • (PMID = 18387425.001).
  • [ISSN] 0399-8320
  • [Journal-full-title] Gastroentérologie clinique et biologique
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Gastroenterol. Clin. Biol.
  • [Language] fre
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] France
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27. Bjerrum L, Pedersen AB, Engberg RM: The influence of whole wheat feeding on Salmonella infection and gut flora composition in broilers. Avian Dis; 2005 Mar;49(1):9-15
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  • However, there was no difference with respect to the numbers of Salmonella Typhimurium in the ceca and rectum between the two experimental groups.

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  • (PMID = 15839406.001).
  • [ISSN] 0005-2086
  • [Journal-full-title] Avian diseases
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Avian Dis.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Comparative Study; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] United States
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28. Van Hee R: Historical highlights in concept and treatment of abdominal compartment syndrome. Acta Clin Belg; 2007;62 Suppl 1:9-15
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  • Different devices and techniques were used, in particular using detection locations approachable via natural body orifices (bladder/uterus/rectum etc).

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  • (PMID = 24881696.001).
  • [ISSN] 1784-3286
  • [Journal-full-title] Acta clinica Belgica
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Acta Clin Belg
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] England
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29. Jung SW, Jeon SW, Do BH, Kim SG, Ha SS, Cho CM, Tak WY, Kweon YO, Kim SK, Choi YH, Cha SI: Clinical aspects of rifampicin-associated pseudomembranous colitis. J Clin Gastroenterol; 2007 Jan;41(1):38-40
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  • Pseudomembranous colitis (PMC) is known to develop after antibiotic administration, but antituberculosis agents are rarely associated with this disorder.
  • The anatomic distribution of PMC included the rectum and sigmoid colon in 5 cases and up to the hepatic flexure in 1 case.
  • [MeSH-minor] Aged. Aged, 80 and over. Biopsy. Colon, Sigmoid / drug effects. Colon, Sigmoid / pathology. Colonoscopy. Female. Humans. Male. Middle Aged. Prognosis. Rectum / drug effects. Rectum / pathology. Retrospective Studies. Severity of Illness Index. Tuberculosis, Pulmonary / drug therapy

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  • (PMID = 17198063.001).
  • [ISSN] 0192-0790
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of clinical gastroenterology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Clin. Gastroenterol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Antibiotics, Antitubercular; VJT6J7R4TR / Rifampin
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30. Gessler F, Pagel-Wieder S, Avondet MA, Böhnel H: Evaluation of lateral flow assays for the detection of botulinum neurotoxin type A and their application in laboratory diagnosis of botulism. Diagn Microbiol Infect Dis; 2007 Mar;57(3):243-9
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  • [Title] Evaluation of lateral flow assays for the detection of botulinum neurotoxin type A and their application in laboratory diagnosis of botulism.
  • BioThreat and RAMP were further evaluated with clinical sample matrices (serum, gastric, and rectum contents from pigs).
  • [MeSH-major] Botulinum Toxins / analysis. Botulinum Toxins, Type A / analysis. Botulism / diagnosis. Environmental Monitoring / methods. Immunoassay / methods. Point-of-Care Systems

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  • (PMID = 17141460.001).
  • [ISSN] 0732-8893
  • [Journal-full-title] Diagnostic microbiology and infectious disease
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Diagn. Microbiol. Infect. Dis.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Evaluation Studies; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0Y70779M1F / rimabotulinumtoxinB; EC 3.4.24.69 / Botulinum Toxins; EC 3.4.24.69 / Botulinum Toxins, Type A
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31. Kishimoto H, Kojima T, Watanabe Y, Kagawa S, Fujiwara T, Uno F, Teraishi F, Kyo S, Mizuguchi H, Hashimoto Y, Urata Y, Tanaka N, Fujiwara T: In vivo imaging of lymph node metastasis with telomerase-specific replication-selective adenovirus. Nat Med; 2006 Oct;12(10):1213-9
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  • Currently available methods for detection of tumors in vivo such as computed tomography and magnetic resonance imaging are not specific for tumors.
  • Here we describe a new approach for visualizing tumors whose fluorescence can be detected using telomerase-specific replication-competent adenovirus expressing green fluorescent protein (GFP) (OBP-401).
  • When OBP-401 was intratumorally injected into HT29 tumors orthotopically implanted into the rectum in BALB/c nu/nu mice, para-aortic lymph node metastasis could be visualized at laparotomy under a three-chip color cooled charged-coupled device camera.
  • [MeSH-minor] Animals. Aorta / pathology. Disease Models, Animal. Female. Green Fluorescent Proteins / metabolism. Humans. Mice. Mice, Inbred BALB C. Mice, Nude. Neoplasm Metastasis. Neoplasm Transplantation

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  • (PMID = 17013385.001).
  • [ISSN] 1078-8956
  • [Journal-full-title] Nature medicine
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Nat. Med.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 147336-22-9 / Green Fluorescent Proteins; EC 2.7.7.49 / Telomerase
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32. Sengar M, Neogi S, Mohta A: Prolapse of the rectum associated with spontaneous rupture of the distal colon and evisceration of the small intestine through the anus in an infant. J Pediatr Surg; 2008 Dec;43(12):2291-2
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  • [Title] Prolapse of the rectum associated with spontaneous rupture of the distal colon and evisceration of the small intestine through the anus in an infant.
  • Prolapse of rectum of varying degrees is a well-known entity in children.
  • Spontaneous rupture of the rectum along with massive ileal evisceration because of increased intraabdominal pressure is a rare complication of rectal prolapse in the adults.
  • Rectal prolapse in children is usually a benign condition.
  • Known complications of the rectal prolapse in children include recurrent mucosal ulceration, bleeding, and proctitis.
  • Spontaneous rupture of the rectum with or without ileal evisceration has not been previously reported in infants.
  • [MeSH-major] Cough / complications. Ileal Diseases / etiology. Infant, Very Low Birth Weight. Pressure / adverse effects. Rectal Prolapse / complications. Sigmoid Diseases / etiology

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  • (PMID = 19040957.001).
  • [ISSN] 1531-5037
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of pediatric surgery
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Pediatr. Surg.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Number-of-references] 6
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33. Wadsworth JD, Joiner S, Fox K, Linehan JM, Desbruslais M, Brandner S, Asante EA, Collinge J: Prion infectivity in variant Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease rectum. Gut; 2007 Jan;56(1):90-4
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  • [Title] Prion infectivity in variant Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease rectum.
  • METHODS: Transgenic mice expressing only human PrP (Tg(HuPrP129M(+/+)Prnp(o/o))-35 and Tg(HuPrP129M(+/+)Prnp(o/o))-45 mice) were inoculated with brain or rectal tissue from a previously characterised patient with vCJD.
  • RESULTS: Efficient transmission of prion infection was observed in transgenic mice inoculated with vCJD rectal tissue containing PrP(Sc) at a concentration of 10(4.7)-fold lower than that in vCJD brain.
  • [MeSH-major] Brain. Creutzfeldt-Jakob Syndrome / transmission. Prions / analysis. Rectum


34. Theodosopoulos TK, Marinis AD, Dafnios NA, Vassiliou JG, Samanides LD, Carvounis EE, Smyrniotis VE: Aggressive treatment of metastatic squamous cell carcinoma of the rectum to the liver: a case report and a brief review of the literature. World J Surg Oncol; 2006;4:49
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  • [Title] Aggressive treatment of metastatic squamous cell carcinoma of the rectum to the liver: a case report and a brief review of the literature.
  • BACKGROUND: Rectal squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) is a rare tumor.
  • From a review of the English literature 55 cases of SCC of the rectum have been published.
  • In this study we report a rectal metastatic SCC to the liver, discussing the efficacy of aggressive adjuvant and neo-adjuvant therapies on survival and prognosis.
  • CASE PRESENTATION: A 39-year-old female patient with a pure SCC of the rectum diagnosed endoscopically is presented.
  • CONCLUSION: Although prognosis of rectal SCC is worse than that of adenocarcinoma, an aggressive therapeutic approach with surgery as the primary treatment, followed by combined neo- and adjuvant chemo-radiotherapy, may be necessary in order to improve survival and prognosis.

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  • (PMID = 16895595.001).
  • [ISSN] 1477-7819
  • [Journal-full-title] World journal of surgical oncology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] World J Surg Oncol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC1555584
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35. Maksimović S: [Laboratory-immunology indicators according as prognostic factors of patients with colon and rectum cancer]. Med Arh; 2005;59(1):7-10
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  • [Title] [Laboratory-immunology indicators according as prognostic factors of patients with colon and rectum cancer].
  • INTRODUCTION: The occurrence of colon and rectum cancers has risen gradually in the past twenty years.
  • PURPOSE OF THE WORK: To establish the significance of the laboratory-immunology indicators, carcino-embryonic antigen (CEA), proliferate nuclear antigen (PCNA) as well as Ki67 and p53 in the survival rate of patients who have colon or rectum cancer.
  • PATIENTS AND METHODS: In "Sveti Vracevi" Hospital in Bijeljina 33 patients suffering from cancer of the left half of the colon and rectum received treatment from 1st January 2000 to 1st January 2003.
  • CONCLUSION: Immunohistochemical analysis is not used in the routine analysis of colon and rectum cancers.
  • [MeSH-major] Colorectal Neoplasms / diagnosis
  • [MeSH-minor] Biomarkers, Tumor / analysis. Humans. Immunohistochemistry. Prognosis


36. Park SJ, Choi SI, Lee SH, Lee KY: Endo-satinsky clamp for rectal transection during laparoscopic total mesorectal excision. Dis Colon Rectum; 2010 Mar;53(3):355-9
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  • [Title] Endo-satinsky clamp for rectal transection during laparoscopic total mesorectal excision.
  • BACKGROUND: We describe a technique of intracorporeal rectal transection using an endo-Satinsky clamp during laparoscopic total mesorectal excision.
  • The rectum and mesorectum are mobilized completely.
  • The endo-Satinsky clamp is inserted through the flexible trocar, and the rectum is grasped with the endo-Satinsky clamp just above the anticipated point of transection.
  • The rectum is then transected.
  • RESULTS: From February 2007 to March 2009, we performed low anterior resection with use of the endo-Satinsky clamp for 11 patients with rectal cancer (laparoscopic, 10 patients; robot-assisted, 1 patient).
  • The average number of cartridges used for rectal transection was 1.6 per patient.
  • CONCLUSION: The endo-Satinsky clamp is a useful device for rectal transection and irrigation.
  • The use of this device makes it easier to place an endostapler just distal to the clamp and to transect the rectum in a more appropriate position.
  • [MeSH-major] Laparoscopy / methods. Rectal Neoplasms / surgery. Surgical Instruments

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  • (PMID = 20173486.001).
  • [ISSN] 1530-0358
  • [Journal-full-title] Diseases of the colon and rectum
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Dis. Colon Rectum
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] United States
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37. Mochizuka A, Uehara T, Nakamura T, Kobayashi Y, Ota H: Hyperplastic polyps and sessile serrated 'adenomas' of the colon and rectum display gastric pyloric differentiation. Histochem Cell Biol; 2007 Nov;128(5):445-55
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  • [Title] Hyperplastic polyps and sessile serrated 'adenomas' of the colon and rectum display gastric pyloric differentiation.
  • The serrated polyp-neoplasia pathway is a novel concept that has been demonstrated to differ from the conventional adenoma-carcinoma pathway.
  • [MeSH-major] Adenoma / pathology. Colonic Neoplasms / pathology. Colonic Polyps / pathology. Intestinal Polyps / pathology. Pylorus / cytology. Rectal Neoplasms / pathology
  • [MeSH-minor] Biomarkers, Tumor / analysis. Biomarkers, Tumor / genetics. Biomarkers, Tumor / metabolism. Cell Differentiation. Humans. Hyperplasia. Immunohistochemistry. Mucins / analysis

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  • (PMID = 17851679.001).
  • [ISSN] 0948-6143
  • [Journal-full-title] Histochemistry and cell biology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Histochem. Cell Biol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Comparative Study; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Germany
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Biomarkers, Tumor; 0 / Mucins
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38. Mathis KL, Dozois EJ, Grewal MS, Metzger P, Larson DW, Devine RM: Malignant risk and surgical outcomes of presacral tailgut cysts. Br J Surg; 2010 Apr;97(4):575-9
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  • Seventeen patients were symptomatic and 28 had a palpable mass on digital rectal examination.
  • Four patients had a fistula to the rectum.
  • The cyst recurred in one patient after surgery for a benign lesion.
  • [MeSH-major] Cysts / surgery. Rectal Diseases / surgery

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  • [Copyright] Copyright (c) 2010 British Journal of Surgery Society Ltd. Published by John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
  • (PMID = 20169572.001).
  • [ISSN] 1365-2168
  • [Journal-full-title] The British journal of surgery
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Br J Surg
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] England
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39. Suzuki A, Kawamoto S, Inada K, Yamamoto N, Kojima T, Nagao S, Ochiai R: [A resected case of bleeding rectal cancer for Jehovah's Witness enabled with preceding colostomy and chemoradiation]. Gan To Kagaku Ryoho; 2009 Nov;36(12):2079-81
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  • [Title] [A resected case of bleeding rectal cancer for Jehovah's Witness enabled with preceding colostomy and chemoradiation].
  • A 66-year-old woman, complaining of anal bleeding with anemia, was examined and diagnosed as advanced rectal cancer.
  • Abdominal CT and MRI revealed a solid tumor of 43x45 mm in diameter.
  • Preoperative chemoradiation was performed (a total of 40 Gy radiation+FOLFOX4 for 1 cycle) and obtained a significant size reduction of the tumor (reduction rate 75%).
  • Abdomino-perineal resection of rectum was performed with 550 mL of hemodilutional autotransfusion 3 months after the initiation of treatment.
  • The patient has survived for 31 months with no recurrence, which indicates that preceded colostomy and preoperative chemoradiation enabled a curative resection safely for the Jehovah's Witness patient with bleeding advanced rectal cancer.
  • [MeSH-major] Colostomy. Jehovah's Witnesses. Rectal Neoplasms / therapy

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  • (PMID = 20037329.001).
  • [ISSN] 0385-0684
  • [Journal-full-title] Gan to kagaku ryoho. Cancer & chemotherapy
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Gan To Kagaku Ryoho
  • [Language] jpn
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Japan
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40. Schoellhammer HF, Gregorian AC, Sarkisyan GG, Petrie BA: How important is rigid proctosigmoidoscopy in localizing rectal cancer? Am J Surg; 2008 Dec;196(6):904-8; discussion 908
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  • [Title] How important is rigid proctosigmoidoscopy in localizing rectal cancer?
  • BACKGROUND: Colonoscopic localization of rectal and rectosigmoid tumors may be inaccurate.
  • Rigid proctosigmoidoscopy has been suggested as an adjunctive technique to accurately localize rectal tumors as it may alter treatment options.
  • METHODS: A retrospective review was performed of patients with rectal and rectosigmoid cancer from 2001 to 2006.
  • Patients were stratified into 1 of 4 anatomic regions based on colonoscopic localization of the tumor.
  • The distances of the tumor from the anal verge by colonoscopy were compared with distances obtained via rigid proctosigmoidoscopy.
  • RESULTS: Rigid proctosigmoidoscopy localization likely changed the treatment options in 21% of lower rectal tumors, 14% of middle rectal tumors, 38% of upper rectal tumors, and 29% of rectosigmoid tumors.
  • CONCLUSIONS: Rigid proctosigmoidoscopy localization of rectal tumors can significantly change treatment options and should be performed on all patients with colonoscopic localization of a cancer thought to be in the rectosigmoid or rectum.
  • [MeSH-major] Proctoscopes. Proctoscopy / methods. Rectal Neoplasms / diagnosis. Sigmoid Neoplasms / diagnosis. Sigmoidoscopes. Sigmoidoscopy / methods
  • [MeSH-minor] Diagnosis, Differential. Equipment Design. Humans. Reproducibility of Results. Retrospective Studies

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  • (PMID = 19095107.001).
  • [ISSN] 1879-1883
  • [Journal-full-title] American journal of surgery
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Am. J. Surg.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Comparative Study; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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41. Beltran Gárate B, Morales Luna D, Quiñones Avila P, Hurtado de Mendoza F, Riva Gonzales L, Yabar A, Portugal Meza K: [Primary colorectal lymphoma of diffuse large B-cells: an experience at a general hospital]. Rev Gastroenterol Peru; 2008 Jul-Sep;28(3):235-8
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  • The most frequent signs and symptoms were abdominal pain (78%), diarrhea (49%) and abdominal tumor (35%).
  • The most frequently involved regions were the cecum (42%), ascending colon (21%) and rectum (21%).
  • [MeSH-major] Colorectal Neoplasms. Lymphoma, Large B-Cell, Diffuse
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Aged. Aged, 80 and over. Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols / therapeutic use. Cecum / pathology. Colon / pathology. Cyclophosphamide / therapeutic use. Doxorubicin / therapeutic use. Female. Humans. Male. Middle Aged. Neoplasm Staging. Prednisone / therapeutic use. Rectum / pathology. Retrospective Studies. Time Factors. Vincristine / therapeutic use

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  • (PMID = 18958138.001).
  • [ISSN] 1022-5129
  • [Journal-full-title] Revista de gastroenterología del Perú : órgano oficial de la Sociedad de Gastroenterología del Perú
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Rev Gastroenterol Peru
  • [Language] spa
  • [Publication-type] Comparative Study; English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Peru
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 5J49Q6B70F / Vincristine; 80168379AG / Doxorubicin; 8N3DW7272P / Cyclophosphamide; VB0R961HZT / Prednisone; CHOP protocol
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42. Haie-Meder C, Dumas I, Paumier A, Lessard N, Kanoun S, Morice P, Lhommé C: [Implementation of GEC-ESTRO recommendations on 3-D based image brachytherapy]. Cancer Radiother; 2008 Nov;12(6-7):522-6
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  • Dose limits to the bladder are high in the range of 90 Gy to the 2 cm3 while 2 cm3 limits to the rectum do not differ from ICRU point.
  • Doses to the tumour (HR-CTV or IR-CTV) are not clearly stated and will likely depend on tumour extension.
  • [MeSH-major] Brachytherapy / methods. Uterine Cervical Neoplasms / radiotherapy
  • [MeSH-minor] Diagnostic Imaging. Female. Humans. Radiometry. Radiotherapy Dosage. Rectum / radiation effects. Urinary Bladder / radiation effects


43. Pollock PJ, Doyle R, Tobin E, Davison K, Bainbridge J: Repeat laparotomy for the treatment of septic peritonitis in a Bornean orangutan (Pongo pygmaeus pygmaeus). J Zoo Wildl Med; 2008 Sep;39(3):476-9
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  • A 9-yr-old female Bornean orangutan (Pongo pygmaeus pygmaeus) presented with a 48-hr history of depression, lethargy, anorexia, and mucoid discharge from the rectum.

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  • (PMID = 18817016.001).
  • [ISSN] 1042-7260
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of zoo and wildlife medicine : official publication of the American Association of Zoo Veterinarians
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Zoo Wildl. Med.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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44. Zantvoord Y, van der Weiden RM, van Hooff MH: Transmural migration of retained surgical sponges: a systematic review. Obstet Gynecol Surv; 2008 Jul;63(7):465-71
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  • Only 4 cases describe a sponge spontaneously expelled through the rectum, whereas more than 93% needed re-intervention.

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  • (PMID = 18559122.001).
  • [ISSN] 0029-7828
  • [Journal-full-title] Obstetrical & gynecological survey
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Obstet Gynecol Surv
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Hemostatics
  • [Number-of-references] 69
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45. Hoshikawa T, Otaki K, Suzuki C, Takahashi T, Higuchi T, Kawamae K: [Anesthetic management of a patient with mid-ventricular obstructive hypertrophic cardiomyopathy treated with dual-chamber pacing]. Masui; 2008 Feb;57(2):216-8
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  • A 64-year-old man complicated with mid-ventricular obstructive hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (MVO) was scheduled for resection of rectum cancer under general anesthesia with epidural block.
  • [MeSH-major] Anesthesia, Epidural. Anesthesia, General. Cardiac Pacing, Artificial / methods. Cardiomyopathy, Hypertrophic / therapy. Perioperative Care. Rectal Neoplasms / surgery

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  • (PMID = 18277576.001).
  • [ISSN] 0021-4892
  • [Journal-full-title] Masui. The Japanese journal of anesthesiology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Masui
  • [Language] jpn
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Japan
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46. Hoshino S, Yamauchi Y, Mikami K, Shinohara T, Noritomi T, Yamashita Y, Maekawa T, Shirakusa T: Does a correlation exist between tumor occupation rate and Dukes classification in rectal cancer? Int Surg; 2007 May-Jun;92(3):133-7
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  • [Title] Does a correlation exist between tumor occupation rate and Dukes classification in rectal cancer?
  • This study was undertaken to evaluate the correlation between tumor occupation rate and stage in rectal cancer patients.
  • 210 patients with histologically confirmed adenocarcinoma of the rectum were evaluated.
  • Retrospectively, we divided the subjects' pathological specimens into four groups: group A, tumor occupied less than one fourth of the colic lumen; group B, tumor occupied one fourth to one half of the colic lumen; group C, tumor occupied one half to three quarters of the colic lumen; group D, tumor occupied more than three quarters of the colic lumen.
  • As the tumor occupation rate increased, more invasive cases were observed.
  • Tumor occupation rates correlated significantly with the Dukes classification (r = 0.546, P < 0.0001).
  • Tumor occupation rate is a primitive method but an easy and inexpensive technique for judging tumor stage.
  • [MeSH-major] Adenocarcinoma / classification. Adenocarcinoma / pathology. Rectal Neoplasms / classification. Rectal Neoplasms / pathology
  • [MeSH-minor] Aged. Female. Humans. Male. Middle Aged. Neoplasm Staging / methods. Retrospective Studies

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  • (PMID = 17972467.001).
  • [ISSN] 0020-8868
  • [Journal-full-title] International surgery
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Int Surg
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Italy
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47. Göz Y, Aydin A: [Prevalence of coccidiosis agents in calves in the Yüksekova (Hakkari) region.]. Turkiye Parazitol Derg; 2005;29(1):13-6
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  • During this period fecal samples were collected from the rectum of 92 calves.

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  • (PMID = 17167736.001).
  • [ISSN] 1300-6320
  • [Journal-full-title] Turkiye parazitolojii dergisi
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Turkiye Parazitol Derg
  • [Language] TUR
  • [Publication-type] English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Turkey
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48. Doughty D: Principles of ostomy management in the oncology patient. J Support Oncol; 2005 Jan-Feb;3(1):59-69
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  • Fecal and urinary diversions are fairly common among patients diagnosed with abdominal and pelvic malignancies who have undergone removal of the bladder or rectum or who have suffered from obstruction caused by tumor invasion or radiation damage.
  • [MeSH-minor] Colorectal Neoplasms / diagnosis. Colorectal Neoplasms / surgery. Female. Humans. Ileostomy / adverse effects. Ileostomy / methods. Male. Monitoring, Physiologic. Postoperative Complications / therapy. Prognosis. Risk Assessment. Urinary Bladder Neoplasms / diagnosis. Urinary Bladder Neoplasms / surgery. Urinary Reservoirs, Continent

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  • [CommentIn] J Support Oncol. 2005 Jan-Feb;3(1):71-2 [15724948.001]
  • [CommentIn] J Support Oncol. 2005 Jan-Feb;3(1):72-4 [15724949.001]
  • (PMID = 15724947.001).
  • [ISSN] 1544-6794
  • [Journal-full-title] The journal of supportive oncology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Support Oncol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Comparative Study; Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Number-of-references] 18
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49. Zhang W, Edwards A: Mathematical model of nitric oxide convection and diffusion in a renal medullary vas rectum. J Math Biol; 2006 Sep;53(3):385-420
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  • [Title] Mathematical model of nitric oxide convection and diffusion in a renal medullary vas rectum.
  • In this study, the generation, convection, diffusion, and consumption of nitric oxide (NO) in and around a single renal medullary descending or ascending vas rectum in rat were modeled using CFD.

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  • (PMID = 16897017.001).
  • [ISSN] 0303-6812
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of mathematical biology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Math Biol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Grant] United States / NIDDK NIH HHS / DK / DK 53775
  • [Publication-type] Comparative Study; Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural
  • [Publication-country] Germany
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 31C4KY9ESH / Nitric Oxide
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50. Matsuda A, Takahashi K, Yamaguchi T, Matsumoto H, Miyamoto H, Kawakami M, Kawachi H, Suzuki H, Furukawa K, Tajiri T, Mori T: HPV infection in an HIV-positive patient with primary squamous cell carcinoma of rectum. Int J Clin Oncol; 2009 Dec;14(6):551-4
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  • [Title] HPV infection in an HIV-positive patient with primary squamous cell carcinoma of rectum.
  • We report a case of primary SCC of the rectum.
  • A 55-year-old man with a rectal tumor and human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection was referred to our hospital.
  • We diagnosed the patient as having primary moderately differentiated SCC of the rectum according to the criteria proposed by Cooper.
  • Human papillomavirus (HPV) DNA was amplified by polymerase chain reaction analysis of unfixed tumor biopsy specimens.
  • We suggest from our case that HPV infection following the inactivation of the cellular tumor suppressor Rb and the immune suppression induced by HIV infection play an etiologic role in the pathogenesis of rectal SCC, consistent with the well-established concept of HPV-associated anal carcinogenesis.
  • [MeSH-major] Carcinoma, Squamous Cell / pathology. Carcinoma, Squamous Cell / virology. HIV Infections / complications. Papillomavirus Infections / complications. Rectal Neoplasms / pathology. Rectal Neoplasms / virology
  • [MeSH-minor] Humans. Male. Middle Aged. Rectum / pathology. Rectum / virology


51. Zhang WG, Zhang LC, Peng ZD, Zeng YM: Intrathecal injection of GluR6 antisense oligodeoxynucleotides alleviates acute inflammatory pain of rectum in rats. Neurosci Bull; 2009 Oct;25(5):319-23
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  • [Title] Intrathecal injection of GluR6 antisense oligodeoxynucleotides alleviates acute inflammatory pain of rectum in rats.
  • METHODS: Formalin was injected into the mucosa of rectum in Sprague-Dawley rats to induce visceral pain.
  • CONCLUSION: Kainate receptor subunit GluR6 plays an important role in the visceral pain induced by injection of formalin into the wall of rectum.
  • [MeSH-major] Analgesics / therapeutic use. Oligodeoxyribonucleotides, Antisense / therapeutic use. Pain / drug therapy. Pain / metabolism. Receptors, Kainic Acid / metabolism. Rectum

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  • (PMID = 19784088.001).
  • [ISSN] 1995-8218
  • [Journal-full-title] Neuroscience bulletin
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Neurosci Bull
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
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  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Analgesics; 0 / Gluk2 kainate receptor; 0 / Oligodeoxyribonucleotides, Antisense; 0 / Receptors, Kainic Acid; 1HG84L3525 / Formaldehyde
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52. Zhang L, Yang B, Zhang YC, Fu YR, Chen S: [Study on the tectology change of rectum wall above the hemorrhoids]. Zhonghua Wai Ke Za Zhi; 2009 Jun 15;47(12):912-5
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  • [Title] [Study on the tectology change of rectum wall above the hemorrhoids].
  • OBJECTIVE: To investigate the histomorphological characteristics and its significance of rectum wall above hemorrhoids.
  • METHODS: Tissues of rectum wall above hemorrhoids were obtained after stapled hemorrhoidopexy from 21 patients with grade III-IV internal hemorrhoids.
  • Seven macroscopically normal rectal tissues collected from upper rectal cancer patients without a history of hemorrhoids served as control.
  • RESULTS: Morphological abnormalities, such as fragment, rupture, disorganization were found in smooth muscle of proximal rectal tissues above the piles, and it was statistically different from the distal rectal tissues above the piles and control tissues (all P < 0.05).
  • Moreover, hyperplasia of type III collagen in both muscularis mucosa and rectum wall in tissues above hemorrhoids were observed, no such changes was found in the control tissues.
  • [MeSH-major] Hemorrhoids / pathology. Rectum / pathology

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  • (PMID = 19781245.001).
  • [ISSN] 0529-5815
  • [Journal-full-title] Zhonghua wai ke za zhi [Chinese journal of surgery]
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Zhonghua Wai Ke Za Zhi
  • [Language] chi
  • [Publication-type] English Abstract; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] China
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Collagen Type III
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53. Gao XX, He WY, Yao HW, Du JK, Zhao MX, Qi J, Li HZ, Xu YZ, Wu JG: [Study of malignant and normal tissues of the rectum using NMR spectroscopy]. Guang Pu Xue Yu Guang Pu Fen Xi; 2008 Sep;28(9):2201-6
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  • [Title] [Study of malignant and normal tissues of the rectum using NMR spectroscopy].
  • In the present paper, NMR spectroscopy, an effective tool to detect the variation in molecular structure and changes in chemical composition of metabolites in tissues, was used to study the differences between malignant and normal tissues from rectum.
  • 1H spectra of four malignant rectum tissue samples and two normal control tissues were investigated by using a 500M NMR high-resolution magic angle spinning magnetic resonance spectrometers (HR-MAS NMR).
  • The results indicate that the 1H HR-MAS spectra of rectum cancer tissues are significantly different from those of the normal controls and most differences are presents in the form of variation in the relative intensities of the characteristic peak of various metabolites.
  • Therefore, the above spectral variations in high resolution magic angle spinning NMR spectroscopy may be utilized as a potential tool to diagnose rectum cancer.
  • [MeSH-major] Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy. Rectal Neoplasms / chemistry. Rectal Neoplasms / diagnosis. Rectum / chemistry. Rectum / pathology
  • [MeSH-minor] Amino Acids / metabolism. Choline / metabolism. Early Diagnosis. Humans. Lactic Acid / metabolism

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  • (PMID = 19093594.001).
  • [ISSN] 1000-0593
  • [Journal-full-title] Guang pu xue yu guang pu fen xi = Guang pu
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Guang Pu Xue Yu Guang Pu Fen Xi
  • [Language] chi
  • [Publication-type] English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] China
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Amino Acids; 33X04XA5AT / Lactic Acid; N91BDP6H0X / Choline
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54. Danzer E, Radu A, Robinson LE, Volpe MV, Adzick NS, Flake AW: Morphologic analysis of the neuromuscular development of the anorectal unit in fetal rats with retinoic acid induced myelomeningocele. Neurosci Lett; 2008 Jan 10;430(2):157-62
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  • To investigate whether myelomeningocele (MMC) is associated with a global neuromuscular maldevelopment of the lower gastrointestinal (GI) tract and anorectum, the distribution and staining intensity of non-neuronal (alpha-smooth-muscle-actin), neural crest cell (NCC, [Hoxb5]), and neuronal markers (PGP-9.5, synaptophysin, neurotubulin-beta-III) within the distal colon, rectum, and anal sphincters were analyzed by immunohistochemistry and Western blot in rat fetuses with retinoic acid (RA) induced MMC.
  • Smooth muscle cells were evenly distributed within the muscle layers of the rectum and the internal anal sphincter in OIL, MMC, and RA fetuses.
  • Density and staining intensity of NCC and mature enteric neurons within the myenteric plexus of the distal colon and rectum and innervation pattern within anal sphincters in MMC fetuses were analogous to RA and OIL controls.
  • Normal smooth muscle and myenteric plexus development of the rectum and normal innervation of the anal sphincters and pelvic floor suggests that MMC is not associated with a global neuromuscular maldevelopment of lower GI structures in this short-gestational model.

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  • (PMID = 18063303.001).
  • [ISSN] 0304-3940
  • [Journal-full-title] Neuroscience letters
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Neurosci. Lett.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] Ireland
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Homeodomain Proteins; 0 / Synaptophysin; 0 / Tubulin; 0 / neurotubulin; 5688UTC01R / Tretinoin; EC 3.1.2.- / PGP9.5 protein, rat; EC 3.1.2.15 / Ubiquitin Thiolesterase
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55. Ashraf S, Ashraf I, Alkarawi M, Haleem A, Bzeizi K: Eosinophilic gastroenteritis causing stenosis of bulbo-duodenal junction: medical and endoscopic management. BMJ Case Rep; 2009;2009
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  • Eosinophilic gastroenteritis is a rare disease characterised by tissue eosinophilia that can involve any layer or part of the gut from the oesophagus to the rectum.

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  • (PMID = 21754961.001).
  • [ISSN] 1757-790X
  • [Journal-full-title] BMJ case reports
  • [ISO-abbreviation] BMJ Case Rep
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC3028128
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56. Xavier AT, Ataíde MB, Pereira FG, Nascimento VD: [Gender analysis in acquiring cancer]. Rev Bras Enferm; 2010 Nov-Dec;63(6):921-6
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  • To four women and three men, carriers of cancer of cólon and rectum who were in ambulatorial treatment, in an Institution of Private Health, the city of Fortaleza-CE, in the month of July of 2008 had participated as informing.
  • [MeSH-major] Neoplasms / psychology

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  • (PMID = 21308223.001).
  • [ISSN] 0034-7167
  • [Journal-full-title] Revista brasileira de enfermagem
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Rev Bras Enferm
  • [Language] por
  • [Publication-type] English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Brazil
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57. Sabry RC, Rosa RD, Magalhães AR, Barracco MA, Gesteira TC, da Silva PM: First report of Perkinsus sp. infecting mangrove oysters Crassostrea rhizophorae from the Brazilian coast. Dis Aquat Organ; 2009 Dec 22;88(1):13-23
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  • Oyster gill and rectum tissues incubated in Ray's fluid thioglycollate medium (RFTM) revealed the presence of spherical hypnospores (5 to 55 microm diam.).

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  • (PMID = 20183961.001).
  • [ISSN] 0177-5103
  • [Journal-full-title] Diseases of aquatic organisms
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Dis. Aquat. Org.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] Germany
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58. Zhang Q, Ongus JR, Boot WJ, Calis J, Bonmatin JM, Bengsch E, Peters D: Detection and localisation of picorna-like virus particles in tissues of Varroa destructor, an ectoparasite of the honey bee, Apis mellifera. J Invertebr Pathol; 2007 Oct;96(2):97-105
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  • Immunohistology studies showed that the gastric caecae were heavily infected, whereas no immunostaining could be detected in other mite tissues or organs, like the salivary glands, brain, rectum or reproductive organs.

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  • (PMID = 17574570.001).
  • [ISSN] 0022-2011
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of invertebrate pathology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Invertebr. Pathol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Antibodies, Viral
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59. Gill S, Blackstock AW, Goldberg RM: Colorectal cancer. Mayo Clin Proc; 2007 Jan;82(1):114-29
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  • Cancers of the colon and rectum will affect 1 in 17 North Americans during their lifetime.
  • [MeSH-major] Antineoplastic Agents / therapeutic use. Colorectal Neoplasms / surgery

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  • (PMID = 17285793.001).
  • [ISSN] 0025-6196
  • [Journal-full-title] Mayo Clinic proceedings
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Mayo Clin. Proc.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Antineoplastic Agents
  • [Number-of-references] 107
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60. Yu YY, Kirschke CP, Huang L: Immunohistochemical analysis of ZnT1, 4, 5, 6, and 7 in the mouse gastrointestinal tract. J Histochem Cytochem; 2007 Mar;55(3):223-34
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  • ZnT6 was predominantly detected in the chief cell of the stomach, columnar epithelial cells of the jejunum, cecum, colon, and rectum.
  • [MeSH-minor] Animals. Cell Line, Tumor. Epithelium / metabolism. Esophagus / metabolism. Gastric Mucosa / metabolism. Humans. Immunohistochemistry. Intestinal Mucosa / anatomy & histology. Intestinal Mucosa / metabolism. Intestine, Large / metabolism. Intestine, Small / metabolism. Male. Mice. Mice, Inbred C57BL. Stomach / metabolism

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  • (PMID = 17101726.001).
  • [ISSN] 0022-1554
  • [Journal-full-title] The journal of histochemistry and cytochemistry : official journal of the Histochemistry Society
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Histochem. Cytochem.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Cation Transport Proteins; 0 / Membrane Transport Proteins; 0 / Slc30a1 protein, mouse; 0 / Slc30a4 protein, mouse; 0 / Slc30a5 protein, mouse; 0 / ZnT7 protein, mouse; J41CSQ7QDS / Zinc
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61. Avanesian AA, Shcherbakov AM: [An experience with clinical endoscopy and argon-plasma coagulation for removal of large bowel polyps]. Vopr Onkol; 2005;51(5):592-4
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  • Polyps presented as sitting on a wide pedicle (25), sprawling (19) or spreading flat (7) in rectum (24), sigmoid (18) or colon (9).
  • [MeSH-major] Colon / surgery. Colonoscopy / methods. Electrocoagulation. Rectum / surgery

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  • (PMID = 16756019.001).
  • [ISSN] 0507-3758
  • [Journal-full-title] Voprosy onkologii
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Vopr Onkol
  • [Language] rus
  • [Publication-type] English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Russia (Federation)
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 67XQY1V3KH / Argon
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62. Horzic M, Kopljar M: Postoperative infections in colorectal cancer patients. Hepatogastroenterology; 2005 Jan-Feb;52(61):101-4
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  • RESULTS: Patients with tumors located in the rectum had significantly higher rate of postoperative infectious complications compared to patients with tumors located in the colon (p=0.002).
  • [MeSH-major] Bacterial Infections / etiology. Colonic Neoplasms / surgery. Postoperative Complications. Rectal Neoplasms / surgery

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  • (PMID = 15783005.001).
  • [ISSN] 0172-6390
  • [Journal-full-title] Hepato-gastroenterology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Hepatogastroenterology
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Greece
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Hemoglobins
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63. Premkumar G: Perineal trauma: reducing associated postnatal maternal morbidity. RCM Midwives; 2005 Jan;8(1):30-2
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  • To ensure good management, systematic examination of the perineum, vagina, and rectum should be done under good light for all vaginal deliveries.

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  • (PMID = 15693309.001).
  • [Journal-full-title] RCM midwives : the official journal of the Royal College of Midwives
  • [ISO-abbreviation] RCM Midwives
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Number-of-references] 20
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64. Vergara-Fernández O, Salinas-Aragón LE, Camacho-Mauries D, Medina-Franco H: [Surgical treatment of rectal cancer]. Rev Gastroenterol Mex; 2010;75(3):315-23
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  • [Title] [Surgical treatment of rectal cancer].
  • [Transliterated title] Tratamiento quirúrgico del cáncer de recto.
  • Rectal affection accounts for 30% of colorectal cancer.
  • For superior and middle-rectal involvement, low anterior resection (LAR) is the preferred procedure.
  • For tumors involving the lower portion of the rectum, abdominoperineal resection (APR) or LAR are the options of treatment, depending on sphincter involvement.
  • [MeSH-major] Colorectal Neoplasms / surgery. Digestive System Surgical Procedures / methods. Rectal Neoplasms / surgery

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  • (PMID = 20959181.001).
  • [ISSN] 0375-0906
  • [Journal-full-title] Revista de gastroenterología de México
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Rev Gastroenterol Mex
  • [Language] spa
  • [Publication-type] English Abstract; Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] Mexico
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65. Fujishiro M: Perspective on the practical indications of endoscopic submucosal dissection of gastrointestinal neoplasms. World J Gastroenterol; 2008 Jul 21;14(27):4289-95
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  • [Title] Perspective on the practical indications of endoscopic submucosal dissection of gastrointestinal neoplasms.
  • This technique is applied for the endoscopic treatment of epithelial neoplasms in the gastrointestinal tract from the pharynx to the rectum.
  • Furthermore, some carcinoids and submucosal tumors in the gastrointestinal tract are treated by ESD.
  • In this review, practical guidelines of ESD for the gastrointestinal neoplasms are discussed based on the evidence found in the literature.
  • [MeSH-major] Endoscopy / methods. Gastric Mucosa / pathology. Gastroenterology / methods. Gastrointestinal Neoplasms / diagnosis. Gastrointestinal Neoplasms / pathology. Medical Oncology / methods
  • [MeSH-minor] Algorithms. Carcinoid Tumor / diagnosis. Decision Support Techniques. Endoscopes, Gastrointestinal. Humans. Lymphatic Metastasis. Neoplasm Metastasis

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  • (PMID = 18666315.001).
  • [ISSN] 1007-9327
  • [Journal-full-title] World journal of gastroenterology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] World J. Gastroenterol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] China
  • [Number-of-references] 69
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC2731178
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66. Zezos P, Mpoumponaris A, Koutsopetras P, Vounotrypidis P, Molyvas E, Vadikolias K, Moschos I, Kouklakis G: Acute motor sensory polyneuropathy (AMSAN) complicating active ulcerative colitis with a patchy distribution. Acta Gastroenterol Belg; 2007 Apr-Jun;70(2):226-30
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  • Colonoscopy revealed moderately to severe active ulcerative colitis with a patchy distribution involving the rectum and the right colon.
  • [MeSH-minor] Acute Disease. Adult. Biopsy. Colonoscopy. Diagnosis, Differential. Electromyography. Follow-Up Studies. Humans. Magnetic Resonance Imaging. Male

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  • (PMID = 17715640.001).
  • [ISSN] 1784-3227
  • [Journal-full-title] Acta gastro-enterologica Belgica
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Acta Gastroenterol. Belg.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Belgium
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67. Akimkina T, Yook K, Curnock S, Hodgkin J: Genome characterization, analysis of virulence and transformation of Microbacterium nematophilum, a coryneform pathogen of the nematode Caenorhabditis elegans. FEMS Microbiol Lett; 2006 Nov;264(2):145-51
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  • This bacterium is able to colonize the rectum of infected worms and cause localized swelling, constipation and slowed growth.

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  • (PMID = 17010162.001).
  • [ISSN] 0378-1097
  • [Journal-full-title] FEMS microbiology letters
  • [ISO-abbreviation] FEMS Microbiol. Lett.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Grant] United Kingdom / Medical Research Council / / G0000114
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] England
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68. Yu KJ, Lee HE, Ho HC, Lee JC, Chang JW, Hong HS, Yang CH: Carcinoma erysipelatoides from squamous cell carcinoma of unknown origin. Int J Clin Pract; 2005 Sep;59(9):1104-6
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  • The characteristic histopathological finding is metastatic tumour cells inside the dermal lymphatic ducts.
  • It is frequently observed in patients with breast carcinoma as well as adenocarcinoma of pancreas, rectum, lung, ovary and parotid gland.
  • [MeSH-major] Carcinoma, Squamous Cell / pathology. Neoplasms, Unknown Primary / pathology. Skin Neoplasms / pathology

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  • (PMID = 16115190.001).
  • [ISSN] 1368-5031
  • [Journal-full-title] International journal of clinical practice
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Int. J. Clin. Pract.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Number-of-references] 13
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69. Foroudi F, Haworth A, Pangehel A, Wong J, Roxby P, Duchesne G, Williams S, Tai KH: Inter-observer variability of clinical target volume delineation for bladder cancer using CT and cone beam CT. J Med Imaging Radiat Oncol; 2009 Feb;53(1):100-6
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  • Four radiation oncologists specializing in genitourinary malignancies contoured the clinical target volume (CTV) and rectum on both a pCT and a randomly chosen CBCT of the same patient.
  • A conformity index (CI) for CTV and the rectum was determined for both pCT and CBCT.
  • Variation in volumes of both the CTV and rectum for both pCT and were also compared using Varian Eclipse planning software (Varian Medical Systems, Palo Alto, CA, USA).
  • For the rectum, the mean CI for using CT was 0.80 and for CBCT was 0.74.
  • With the variation in CI for pCT and CBCT of the CTV and rectum (0.04 and 0.06 respectively), CBCT is not significantly inferior to the pCT in terms of inter-observer contouring variability.
  • [MeSH-major] Cone-Beam Computed Tomography / methods. Radiotherapy Planning, Computer-Assisted / methods. Urinary Bladder Neoplasms / radiography. Urinary Bladder Neoplasms / radiotherapy

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  • (PMID = 19453535.001).
  • [ISSN] 1754-9485
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of medical imaging and radiation oncology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Med Imaging Radiat Oncol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Comparative Study; Evaluation Studies; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] Australia
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70. Tomita N, Shimizu H, Kodaira T: Dosimetric comparison of three-dimensional conformal radiotherapy in salvage radiotherapy for PSA relapse after radical prostatectomy. J Radiat Res; 2010;51(5):581-7
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  • Normal structures included the rectum, bladder, and femoral head.
  • For each patient, four different treatment plans including four fields RT (4F-RT), dynamic conformal arc radiotherapy (DCAT), six fields RT (6F-RT), and DCAT with rectum hollow-out technique (DCAT-HO), were created to entire the prostate bed.
  • The rectum sparing at the high dose area for DCAT-HO was considered to be the most superior to those for other three techniques by comparison of the dose delivered to a 1%, 5%, and 10% volume of the rectum.
  • However, in the simulation of dose escalation to 72 Gy, the rectum that receives 60 to 65 Gy and bladder that receives 65 Gy exceeded the optimal dose-volume constraints.
  • [MeSH-major] Prostatectomy. Prostatic Neoplasms / radiotherapy. Radiotherapy, Conformal


71. Tomita N, Kodaira T, Tachibana H, Nakamura T, Tomoda T, Nakahara R, Inokuchi H, Hayashi N, Fuwa N: Dynamic conformal arc radiotherapy with rectum hollow-out technique for localized prostate cancer. Radiother Oncol; 2009 Mar;90(3):346-52
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  • [Title] Dynamic conformal arc radiotherapy with rectum hollow-out technique for localized prostate cancer.
  • PURPOSE: To report the feasibility of dynamic conformal arc radiotherapy with rectum hollow-out technique (DCAT-HO) for localized prostate cancer.
  • RESULTS: Both the acute Grade 2 rectal and urinary toxicities were 1.0%, and no patients experienced acute Grade 3 or higher symptoms.
  • The 3-year rates of both late Grade 2 rectal and urinary toxicities were 3.4%.
  • DCAT-HO reduced the volume of the rectum exposed to higher doses and this led to an overall reduction in late rectal toxicity.
  • [MeSH-major] Prostatic Neoplasms / radiotherapy. Radiotherapy, Conformal / methods
  • [MeSH-minor] Aged. Aged, 80 and over. Androgen Antagonists / therapeutic use. Feasibility Studies. Follow-Up Studies. Humans. Male. Middle Aged. Neoadjuvant Therapy. Radiotherapy Dosage. Rectum / radiation effects. Urinary Bladder / radiation effects

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  • (PMID = 18950880.001).
  • [ISSN] 0167-8140
  • [Journal-full-title] Radiotherapy and oncology : journal of the European Society for Therapeutic Radiology and Oncology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Radiother Oncol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Ireland
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Androgen Antagonists
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72. Su A, Blend MJ, Spelbring D, Hamilton RJ, Jani AB: Postprostatectomy target-normal structure overlap volume differences using computed tomography and radioimmunoscintigraphy images for radiotherapy treatment planning. Clin Nucl Med; 2006 Mar;31(3):139-44
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  • For each patient, the RIS-defined CTV (CTV(RIS)) was compared (in terms of the overlap volume with the surrounding bladder, rectum, pubic symphysis, and penile bulb) with the CT-defined CTV(pre) before this registration and also with CTV(post) (the final target volume used for treatment).
  • RESULTS: CTV(RIS) overlapped significantly more with the bladder, rectum, and symphysis, but not with the penile bulb, than did either the CTV(pre) or CTV(post).
  • However, the corresponding PTV analyses revealed no significant differences between any of the overlap volumes of any of the PTVs with the bladder, rectum, and penile bulb, but did reveal a significant difference between the PTV(RIS) and PTV(post) overlap volumes with the symphysis compared with PTV(pre) overlap volumes with the symphysis.
  • CONCLUSIONS: On RIS images, there appear to be areas of uptake in the bladder, rectum, and pubic symphysis but not the penile bulb; however, the dosimetric consequences of this uptake for radiation treatment planning are minimal on the bladder, rectum, and penile bulb, but require segmentation for dose reduction to the pubic symphysis.
  • [MeSH-major] Prostatectomy. Prostatic Neoplasms / diagnosis. Prostatic Neoplasms / therapy. Radioimmunodetection / methods. Radiometry / methods. Radiotherapy Planning, Computer-Assisted / methods. Tomography, X-Ray Computed / methods

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  • (PMID = 16495731.001).
  • [ISSN] 0363-9762
  • [Journal-full-title] Clinical nuclear medicine
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Clin Nucl Med
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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73. Isobe N, Yamada K, Yoshimura Y: Involvement of plasma progesterone, oestradiol-17beta and cortisol in ovulatory response to gonadotropin-releasing hormone in dairy cows with cystic follicles. Reprod Domest Anim; 2007 Aug;42(4):370-5
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  • Follicular size, presence of corpus luteum and occurrence of ovulation were checked by palpation per rectum.
  • Blood collection and palpation per rectum were conducted on days 0, 7 and 14.

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  • (PMID = 17635773.001).
  • [ISSN] 0936-6768
  • [Journal-full-title] Reproduction in domestic animals = Zuchthygiene
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Reprod. Domest. Anim.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] Germany
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 33515-09-2 / Gonadotropin-Releasing Hormone; 4G7DS2Q64Y / Progesterone; 4TI98Z838E / Estradiol; Q041AO6T91 / fertirelin; WI4X0X7BPJ / Hydrocortisone
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74. D'Hondt M, De Hondt G, Malisse P, Vanden Boer J, Knol J: Chronic pelvic abscedation after completion proctectomy in an irradiated pelvis: another indication for ENDO-sponge treatment? Tech Coloproctol; 2009 Dec;13(4):311-4
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  • Braun Medical B.V., Melsungen Germany) treatment is possible for presacral abscedation which is a well-known complication following abdominoperineal rectum amputation.
  • [MeSH-major] Abscess / surgery. Adenocarcinoma / surgery. Colectomy / adverse effects. Digestive System Surgical Procedures / adverse effects. Postoperative Complications / surgery. Rectal Neoplasms / surgery. Rectum / surgery. Surgical Sponges

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  • [Journal-full-title] Techniques in coloproctology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Tech Coloproctol
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  • [Publication-country] Italy
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75. Schäfer AO, Baumann T, Pache G, Wiech T, Langer M: [Preoperative staging of rectal cancer]. Radiologe; 2007 Jul;47(7):635-51; quiz 652
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  • [Title] [Preoperative staging of rectal cancer].
  • Accurate preoperative staging of rectal cancer is crucial for therapeutic decision making, as local tumor extent, nodal status, and patterns of metastatic spread are directly associated with different treatment strategies.
  • Introduced by Heald, total mesorectal excision (TME) is widely accepted as the surgical procedure of choice to remove the rectum together with its enveloping tissues and the mesorectal fascia.
  • Future perspectives in rectal cancer imaging are addressed.
  • [MeSH-major] Diagnostic Imaging / methods. Image Enhancement / methods. Neoplasm Staging / methods. Preoperative Care / methods. Rectal Neoplasms / diagnosis. Rectal Neoplasms / surgery

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  • (PMID = 17581734.001).
  • [ISSN] 0033-832X
  • [Journal-full-title] Der Radiologe
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Radiologe
  • [Language] ger
  • [Publication-type] English Abstract; Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] Germany
  • [Number-of-references] 30
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76. Håvik B, Bramham CR: Additive viability-loss following hsp70/hsc70 double interference and Hsp90 inhibition in two breast cancer cell lines. Oncol Rep; 2007 Jun;17(6):1501-10
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  • Hsp70 is an anti-apoptotic protein over-expressed in breast, lung, rectum, endometrial and bladder cancers.
  • [MeSH-major] Breast Neoplasms / metabolism. HSC70 Heat-Shock Proteins / metabolism. HSP70 Heat-Shock Proteins / metabolism. HSP90 Heat-Shock Proteins / metabolism
  • [MeSH-minor] Apoptosis. Cell Line, Tumor. Cell Survival / drug effects. Humans. RNA Interference. RNA, Small Interfering / pharmacology

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  • (PMID = 17487411.001).
  • [ISSN] 1021-335X
  • [Journal-full-title] Oncology reports
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Oncol. Rep.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] Greece
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / HSC70 Heat-Shock Proteins; 0 / HSP70 Heat-Shock Proteins; 0 / HSP90 Heat-Shock Proteins; 0 / RNA, Small Interfering
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77. de Crevoisier R, Lagrange JL, Messai T, M'Barek B, Lefkopoulos D: [Prostate localization systems for prostate radiotherapy]. Cancer Radiother; 2006 Nov;10(6-7):394-401
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  • Indeed, bony landmark-based portal imaging does not provide the positional information for soft-tissue targets (prostate and seminal vesicles) or critical organs (rectum and bladder).
  • In this article, we describe various prostate localization systems used before or during the fraction: rectal balloon, intraprostatic fiducials, ultrasound-based localization, integrated CT/linear accelerator system, megavoltage or kilovoltage cone-beam CT, Calypso 4D localization system tomotherapy, Cyberknife and Exactrac X-Ray 6D.
  • [MeSH-major] Prostate / anatomy & histology. Prostatic Neoplasms / radiotherapy. Radiotherapy, Conformal / methods
  • [MeSH-minor] Humans. Male. Particle Accelerators. Rectum / anatomy & histology. Urinary Bladder / anatomy & histology

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  • (PMID = 17035061.001).
  • [ISSN] 1278-3218
  • [Journal-full-title] Cancer radiothérapie : journal de la Société française de radiothérapie oncologique
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Cancer Radiother
  • [Language] fre
  • [Publication-type] English Abstract; Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] France
  • [Number-of-references] 69
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78. Angelescu N: [Comment on "Delayed colo-anal anastomosis after laparoscopic protectomy with total mesorectal resection for rectal cancer"]. J Chir (Paris); 2009 Feb;146(1):102; author reply 102
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  • [Title] [Comment on "Delayed colo-anal anastomosis after laparoscopic protectomy with total mesorectal resection for rectal cancer"].
  • [Transliterated title] A propos de l'article "Anastomose colo-anale différée après exérèse totale du mésorectum par laparoscopie pour cancer du rectum"
  • [MeSH-minor] Anal Canal / surgery. Colon / surgery. History, 20th Century. Humans. Publishing. Rectal Neoplasms / surgery. Rectum / surgery

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  • [CommentOn] J Chir (Paris). 2008 May-Jun;145(3):262-5 [18772735.001]
  • (PMID = 19409561.001).
  • [ISSN] 0021-7697
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal de chirurgie
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Chir (Paris)
  • [Language] fre
  • [Publication-type] Comment; Historical Article; Letter
  • [Publication-country] France
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79. Kojima Y, Fujii H, Katsui R, Nakajima Y, Takaki M: Enhancement of the intrinsic defecation reflex by mosapride, a 5-HT4 agonist, in chronically lumbosacral denervated guinea pigs. J Smooth Muscle Res; 2006 Oct;42(5):139-47
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  • The defecation reflex is composed of rectal distension-evoked rectal (R-R) reflex contractions and synchronous internal anal sphincter (R-IAS) reflex relaxations in guinea pigs.
  • The effect of mosapride (a prokinetic benzamide) on the intrinsic reflexes, mediated via enteric 5-HT(4) receptors, was evaluated by measuring the mechanical activity of the rectum and IAS in anesthetized guinea pigs using an intrinsic R-R and R-IAS reflex model resulting from chronic (two to nine days) lumbosacral denervation (PITH).
  • [MeSH-minor] Anal Canal / physiology. Animals. Disease Models, Animal. Dose-Response Relationship, Drug. Guinea Pigs. Rectum / physiology. Stimulation, Chemical

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  • (PMID = 17159330.001).
  • [ISSN] 0916-8737
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of smooth muscle research = Nihon Heikatsukin Gakkai kikanshi
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Smooth Muscle Res
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't; Review
  • [Publication-country] Japan
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Benzamides; 0 / Morpholines; 0 / Serotonin 5-HT4 Receptor Agonists; 0 / Serotonin Receptor Agonists; I8MFJ1C0BY / mosapride
  • [Number-of-references] 32
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80. Hata T, Ikeda M, Ikenaga M, Yasui M, Shingai T, Yamamoto H, Ohue M, Sekimoto M, Hoshida Y, Aozasa K, Monden M: Castleman's disease of the rectum: report of a case. Dis Colon Rectum; 2007 Mar;50(3):389-94
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  • [Title] Castleman's disease of the rectum: report of a case.
  • We report the case of a 52-year-old patient with asymptomatic rectal polyp, which was diagnosed as Castleman's disease.
  • The rectal polyp was identified during preoperative workup of gastric adenocarcinoma.
  • The rectal polyp was 4-cm long with a short, thick stalk.
  • This is the first report of Castleman's disease of the rectum concomitant with gastric adenocarcinoma.
  • A high index of suspicion of this disease is important for preoperative diagnosis.
  • [MeSH-major] Giant Lymph Node Hyperplasia / diagnosis. Rectal Diseases / diagnosis
  • [MeSH-minor] Adenocarcinoma / complications. Diagnosis, Differential. Humans. Male. Middle Aged. Polyps / complications. Rectal Neoplasms / complications

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  • (PMID = 17171476.001).
  • [ISSN] 0012-3706
  • [Journal-full-title] Diseases of the colon and rectum
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Dis. Colon Rectum
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Number-of-references] 29
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81. Sazhin VP, Zhabolenko VP, Gostin PA, Siatkin DA: [Ultrasound diagnostics and preoperative staging of rectal cancer]. Khirurgiia (Mosk); 2008;(9):73-8
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  • [Title] [Ultrasound diagnostics and preoperative staging of rectal cancer].
  • Rectal tumors were revealed in 117 (5,9%) patients, liver metastases were diagnosed in 31 (26,5%) patients.
  • Transrectal ultrasound allowed to diagnose tumor in all examined 50 patients.
  • Stage uT2 was diagnosed in 20 (40%) and uT3 stage of rectum cancer in 30 (60%) of patients.
  • 10 (20%) patients revealed a pararectal lymph nodes tumor invasion.
  • The sensitivity of the method for rectum cancer staging was 95,6%, specificity--40%, accuracy 85,7%.
  • [MeSH-major] Endosonography / methods. Neoplasm Staging / methods. Preoperative Care / methods. Rectal Neoplasms / ultrasonography
  • [MeSH-minor] Aged. Diagnosis, Differential. Humans. Middle Aged. Reproducibility of Results. Retrospective Studies. Sensitivity and Specificity

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  • (PMID = 18833188.001).
  • [ISSN] 0023-1207
  • [Journal-full-title] Khirurgiia
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Khirurgiia (Mosk)
  • [Language] rus
  • [Publication-type] Comparative Study; English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Russia (Federation)
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82. Holovenko MIa, Borysiuk IIu, Likhota OB: [Intercellular reabsorption in the general systemic absorption of ethanol in the gastrointestinal tract]. Fiziol Zh; 2009;55(5):56-63
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  • We showed that with intravenous administration 14C-ethanol (5 mmol/kg), its penetration into various divisions ofGIT (stomach, thin, thick, rectum) was observed.

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  • (PMID = 20095385.001).
  • [Journal-full-title] Fiziolohichnyĭ zhurnal (Kiev, Ukraine : 1994)
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Fiziol Zh
  • [Language] ukr
  • [Publication-type] English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Ukraine
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Carbon Radioisotopes; 3K9958V90M / Ethanol
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83. Satoh E, Maruyama M, Uehira D, Koike T, Mitsuhashi Y, Ebana K, Ohinata R, Koide A, Sanada T, Maruyama S, Sakoma T: [Two case reports of metastatic liver carcinoma with the effective treatment of radiofrequency ablation and intraarterial chemotherapy]. Gan To Kagaku Ryoho; 2009 Nov;36(12):2196-7
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  • The 57-year-old man of Case 1 had resectable multiple liver metastases of rectal carcinoma in November 2007.
  • He refused a liver resection, but accepted a low anterior resection of the rectum and RFA and intraarterial chemotherapy (5-FU 1,000 mg WHD).
  • [MeSH-major] Catheter Ablation. Esophageal Neoplasms / pathology. Liver Neoplasms / secondary. Liver Neoplasms / therapy. Rectal Neoplasms / pathology

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  • (PMID = 20037368.001).
  • [ISSN] 0385-0684
  • [Journal-full-title] Gan to kagaku ryoho. Cancer & chemotherapy
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Gan To Kagaku Ryoho
  • [Language] jpn
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Japan
  • [Chemical-registry-number] U3P01618RT / Fluorouracil
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84. Langner I, Glitsch A, Krüger W, Vogelgesang S, Langner S, von Bernstorff W, Heidecke CD: Rectal intussusception due to re-recurrent ovarian fibrosarcoma. Onkologie; 2009 Oct;32(10):591-4
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  • [Title] Rectal intussusception due to re-recurrent ovarian fibrosarcoma.
  • The tumour caused intussusception into the rectum, leading to large bowel obstruction.
  • After complete resection of the tumour, the patient completely recovered.
  • 28 months after primary diagnosis, follow-up did not show any signs of recurrent tumour disease.
  • [MeSH-major] Fibrosarcoma / complications. Fibrosarcoma / surgery. Intussusception / etiology. Intussusception / surgery. Neoplasm Recurrence, Local / complications. Ovarian Neoplasms / complications. Ovarian Neoplasms / surgery. Rectal Diseases / etiology. Rectal Diseases / surgery

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  • [Copyright] Copyright 2009 S. Karger AG, Basel.
  • (PMID = 19816077.001).
  • [ISSN] 1423-0240
  • [Journal-full-title] Onkologie
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Onkologie
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Switzerland
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85. Sarker P, Bhuiyan TR, Qadri F, Alam NH, Wretlind B, Bishop AE, Mathan M, Agerberth B, Andersson J, Raqib R: Differential expression of enteric neuroimmune-network in invasive and acute watery diarrhoea. Neurogastroenterol Motil; 2010 Jan;22(1):70-8, e29
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  • We aimed to evaluate the changes of nerve morphology and distribution of neurotransmitters and neuropeptides in the rectum of Shigella flexneri-infected patients and in the duodenum of Vibrio cholerae O1-infected patients.
  • [MeSH-major] Diarrhea / immunology. Diarrhea / pathology. Enteric Nervous System. Neurons. Rectum

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  • (PMID = 19650770.001).
  • [ISSN] 1365-2982
  • [Journal-full-title] Neurogastroenterology and motility : the official journal of the European Gastrointestinal Motility Society
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Neurogastroenterol. Motil.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 333DO1RDJY / Serotonin; 33507-63-0 / Substance P; 37221-79-7 / Vasoactive Intestinal Peptide; 820484N8I3 / Histamine; 9061-61-4 / Nerve Growth Factor; EC 3.1.2.15 / UCHL1 protein, human; EC 3.1.2.15 / Ubiquitin Thiolesterase
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86. Sirachainan E, Sumboonnanonda K, Dangprasert S, Panvichian R, Sirisinha T, Dhanachai M, Pairachvet V, Kraiphibul P, Ratanatharathorn V: Preoperative chemoradiotherapy in locally advanced rectal cancer: Ramathibodi experience. J Med Assoc Thai; 2005 Feb;88(2):162-7
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  • [Title] Preoperative chemoradiotherapy in locally advanced rectal cancer: Ramathibodi experience.
  • A retrospective study of the preoperative chemoradiotherapy in locally advanced rectal cancer performed at Ramathibodi Hospital.
  • The tumor locations (upper-, mid-, lower rectum) were 25%, 50% and 25%, respectively.
  • The authors conclude that preoperative chemoradiotherapy is an effective treatment with favorable outcome in locally advanced rectal cancer.
  • [MeSH-major] Antineoplastic Agents / therapeutic use. Radiotherapy, Adjuvant. Rectal Neoplasms / therapy
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Aged. Colectomy. Female. Humans. Male. Middle Aged. Neoadjuvant Therapy. Neoplasm Staging. Preoperative Care. Retrospective Studies. Treatment Outcome

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  • (PMID = 15962665.001).
  • [ISSN] 0125-2208
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of the Medical Association of Thailand = Chotmaihet thangphaet
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Med Assoc Thai
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Thailand
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Antineoplastic Agents
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87. Mizukami H, Yoshizawa Y, Sasaya S, Nemoto H, Maezawa K, Sanada Y: [A case of advanced colon cancer invading the rectum effectively treated with chemoradiation therapy before surgery]. Gan To Kagaku Ryoho; 2007 Jun;34(6):953-6
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  • [Title] [A case of advanced colon cancer invading the rectum effectively treated with chemoradiation therapy before surgery].
  • He was diagnosed as advanced sigmoid colon cancer which invaded the rectal colon (Ra) and prostate (SI, N 0, P 0, H 0, M (-), cStage IIIa).
  • We administered neoadjuvant chemoradiotherapy for fear of non-curative resection of the sigmoid colon and rectum after colostomy was performed.
  • We were able to conduct a low anterior resection of sigmoid colon and rectum.
  • Postoperative histopathological examination of the resected sigmoid colon and rectum revealed no remnant cancer tissue.
  • Neo-adjuvant chemoradiotherapy is considered to be effective for a study of non-curative resection of rectum.
  • [MeSH-major] Adenocarcinoma / radiotherapy. Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols / therapeutic use. Prostatic Neoplasms / pathology. Rectal Neoplasms / pathology. Sigmoid Neoplasms / radiotherapy
  • [MeSH-minor] Combined Modality Therapy. Drug Administration Schedule. Fluorouracil / administration & dosage. Humans. Leucovorin / administration & dosage. Male. Middle Aged. Neoplasm Invasiveness. Organoplatinum Compounds / administration & dosage. Radiotherapy, Adjuvant

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  • (PMID = 17565265.001).
  • [ISSN] 0385-0684
  • [Journal-full-title] Gan to kagaku ryoho. Cancer & chemotherapy
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Gan To Kagaku Ryoho
  • [Language] jpn
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Japan
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Organoplatinum Compounds; Q573I9DVLP / Leucovorin; U3P01618RT / Fluorouracil; Folfox protocol
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88. Viviani M, Van Saene HK, Pisa F, Lucangelo U, Silvestri L, Momesso E, Berlot G: The role of admission surveillance cultures in patients requiring prolonged mechanical ventilation in the intensive care unit. Anaesth Intensive Care; 2010 Mar;38(2):325-35
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  • We undertook a prospective observational cohort study in intensive care unit (ICU) patients requiring mechanical ventilation for four days or more to evaluate normal and abnormal bacterial carriage on admission detected by surveillance cultures of throat and rectum.
  • [MeSH-major] Bacteria / isolation & purification. Intensive Care Units. Pharynx / microbiology. Rectum / microbiology. Respiration, Artificial

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  • (PMID = 20369767.001).
  • [ISSN] 0310-057X
  • [Journal-full-title] Anaesthesia and intensive care
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Anaesth Intensive Care
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Australia
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Cephalosporins
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89. Roy KS, Prakash BS: Plasma progesterone, oestradiol-17β and total oestrogen profiles in relation to oestrous behaviour during induced ovulation in Murrah buffalo heifers. J Anim Physiol Anim Nutr (Berl); 2009 Aug;93(4):486-95
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  • Oestrus was detected by visual observations of oestrus signs, per rectal examination of genitalia and bull parading thrice a day during treatment period.
  • Examination of genital tracts per rectum revealed that the cervix was relaxed, uterus was turgid and ovaries had palpable follicle in animals with oestrus.

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  • (PMID = 18507697.001).
  • [ISSN] 1439-0396
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of animal physiology and animal nutrition
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Anim Physiol Anim Nutr (Berl)
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] Germany
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Aminoquinolines; 0 / Estrogens; 4G7DS2Q64Y / Progesterone; 4TI98Z838E / Estradiol; 80Q9QWN15M / quinagolide; 9002-62-4 / Prolactin; B7IN85G1HY / Dinoprost; CT6BBQ5A68 / dinoprost tromethamine; PXW8U3YXDV / Buserelin
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90. Schindlbeck C, Klauser K, Dian D, Janni W, Friese K: Comparison of total laparoscopic, vaginal and abdominal hysterectomy. Arch Gynecol Obstet; 2008 Apr;277(4):331-7
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  • Major complications of TLH were bladder injury (3x), of VH rectum lesion (2x, both at pelvic repair measures), of AH post-operative ileus (2x) and vesico-vaginal fistula (1x).

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  • (PMID = 17938945.001).
  • [ISSN] 0932-0067
  • [Journal-full-title] Archives of gynecology and obstetrics
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Arch. Gynecol. Obstet.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Comparative Study; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Germany
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91. Parker W, Patrocinio H: Practical aspects of inverse-planned intensity-modulated radiation therapy for prostate cancer: a radiation treatment planner's perspective. Can J Urol; 2005 Jun;12 Suppl 2:48-52
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  • In particular for prostate cancer, the simultaneous treatment of the prostate and pelvic lymph nodes lends itself perfectly to IMRT, allowing the prostate to receive a higher daily dose per fraction, as well as minimizing the amount of small bowel in the field, while at the same time sparing the rectum and bladder adequately.
  • [MeSH-major] Prostatic Neoplasms / radiotherapy. Radiotherapy Planning, Computer-Assisted / methods
  • [MeSH-minor] Dose-Response Relationship, Radiation. Humans. Male. Radiotherapy, Conformal / methods. Rectum / radiation effects. Treatment Outcome. Urinary Bladder / radiation effects

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  • (PMID = 16018834.001).
  • [ISSN] 1195-9479
  • [Journal-full-title] The Canadian journal of urology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Can J Urol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] Canada
  • [Number-of-references] 15
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92. Huang RE, Liang J, Lu Q, Zhang XY: Micoletzkya chinaae n. sp. (Nematoda: Diplogastridae), a potential predacious nematode and Ektaphelenchus macrobulbosus (Nematoda: Ektaphelenchinae) isolated from Simao pine in South-western China. J Nematol; 2010 Dec;42(4):298-306
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  • It is characterized by medium-long female and male bodies (676-791 and 613-685 μm, respectively), three incisures in the lateral field, offset cephalic region, knobless stylet 18-20 μm long, oblong median bulb with posteriorly situated valves, two to three rows of developing oocytes, short postuterine sac, absence of female rectum and anus, two pairs of subventral papillae on the male tail region, a cucullus (apophysis) present on the dorsal distal end of the spicule, and the conoid female and male tails.

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  • [Cites] J Nematol. 2000 Dec;32(4):403-10 [19270995.001]
  • [Cites] BMC Evol Biol. 2009;9:212 [19703296.001]
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  • (PMID = 22736862.001).
  • [ISSN] 0022-300X
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of nematology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Nematol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC3380528
  • [Keywords] NOTNLM ; Ektaphelenchus / Micoletzkya / Pinus kesiya var. langbianensis / SEM / description / morphology / morphometrics / new species / pine wood nematode / redescription / taxonomy
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93. Paun BC, Kukuruga D, Jin Z, Mori Y, Cheng Y, Duncan M, Stass SA, Montgomery E, Hutcheon D, Meltzer SJ: Relation between normal rectal methylation, smoking status, and the presence or absence of colorectal adenomas. Cancer; 2010 Oct 1;116(19):4495-501
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  • [Title] Relation between normal rectal methylation, smoking status, and the presence or absence of colorectal adenomas.
  • The objectives of the current study were to correlate epigenetic alterations that occur in normal rectal mucosa, smoking status, and age with the presence or absence of concomitant colorectal adenomas and to assess the potential clinical value of methylation in normal rectal biopsies as a screening assay for the presence of polyps and, hence, the need for a full colonoscopy.
  • METHODS: One hundred thirteen normal rectal mucosal biopsies from 113 patients were studied.
  • RESULTS: By using several sets of genes, clinical characteristics, and multivariate analyses, the authors developed a prediction model for the presence of concomitant colorectal adenomas at the time of rectal biopsy.
  • They also observed strong correlations between smoking status and rectal methylation pattern and between smoking status and the presence or risk of concomitant adenomas.
  • CONCLUSIONS: A prediction model was developed for the presence of colorectal adenomas based on gene methylation patterns in the normal rectum.
  • Normal rectal methylation may be useful as a biomarker for narrowing the population in need of screening colonoscopy.

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  • [Copyright] Copyright © 2010 American Cancer Society.
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  • (PMID = 20572039.001).
  • [ISSN] 0008-543X
  • [Journal-full-title] Cancer
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Cancer
  • [Language] ENG
  • [Grant] United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / R01 CA077057-06; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / CA095323-09A2; United States / NIDDK NIH HHS / DK / R01 DK047717; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / CA077057-06; United States / NIDDK NIH HHS / DK / DK047717-07; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / R01 CA095323-09A2; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / R01 CA077057; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / R01 CA095323; United States / NIDDK NIH HHS / DK / R01 DK047717-07
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ NIHMS251065; NLM/ PMC2988654
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94. Roeder F, Timke C, Zwicker F, Thieke C, Bischof M, Debus J, Huber PE: Intensity modulated radiotherapy (IMRT) in benign giant cell tumors--a single institution case series and a short review of the literature. Radiat Oncol; 2010;5:18
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  • [Title] Intensity modulated radiotherapy (IMRT) in benign giant cell tumors--a single institution case series and a short review of the literature.
  • BACKGROUND: Giant cell tumors are rare neoplasms, representing less than 5% of all bone tumors.
  • The vast majority of giant cell tumors occurs in extremity sites and is treated by surgery alone.
  • PATIENTS AND METHODS: From 2000 and 2006 a total of five patients with histologically proven benign giant cell tumors have been treated with IMRT in our institution.
  • The tumor was located in the sacral region in four and in the sphenoid sinus in one patient.
  • We found no substantial tumor shrinkage after radiotherapy but in two patients morphological signs of extensive tumor necrosis were present on MRI scans.
  • The patient who needed surgical salvage showed markedly reduced pain but developed functional deficits of bladder, rectum and lower extremity due to surgery.
  • CONCLUSION: IMRT is a feasible option in giant cells tumors not amendable to complete surgical removal.
  • [MeSH-major] Giant Cell Tumor of Bone / radiotherapy. Radiotherapy, Intensity-Modulated

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  • (PMID = 20187955.001).
  • [ISSN] 1748-717X
  • [Journal-full-title] Radiation oncology (London, England)
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Radiat Oncol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Number-of-references] 31
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC2845594
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95. Zhang FJ, Jiao DC, Li CX: [Short- and medium-term clinical effects of CT guided (125)I radioactive seeds implantation in treatment of recurrent/metastatic malignant pelvic tumors]. Zhonghua Yi Xue Za Zhi; 2008 Nov 25;88(43):3063-7
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  • [Title] [Short- and medium-term clinical effects of CT guided (125)I radioactive seeds implantation in treatment of recurrent/metastatic malignant pelvic tumors].
  • OBJECTIVE: To investigate the Short- and medium-term clinical effects of clinical value of CT guided radioactive seed (125)I implantation in treating recurrent/metastatic malignant pelvic tumors.
  • METHODS: 30 patients (10 males and 20 females, the age ranges from 31 to 85, median 55 years) with recurrent/metastatic malignant pelvic tumors after combined therapy such as surgery, chemotherapy and radiotherapy et al, were enrolled in this study.
  • Under CT guidance, the operations were performed under local anesthesia and (125)I seeds of 2.96 x 10(7) Bq were implanted into tumors at a distance of 0.5 cm according to TPS (Treatment Plan System), and the MPG (matched peripheral doses) was 100 - 160 Gy Observed the the local control rate, overall survival rate, pain reliefs and clinical complications after 2 - 40 months follow-up (median 28 months).
  • Complications in the long term were Grade I - II radioactive rectum proctitis observed in 3 cases, Grade I radioactive cystitis observed in 1 case, insensible feeling in lower limb observed in 1 case for a long time.
  • CONCLUSION: CT guided radioactive seed (125)I implantation procedure can be a simple, safe and effective method in treating recurrent/metastatic malignant pelvic tumors, which can ease the pain of patients and improve the qualities of patients' lives and obtain good clinical effects with minimal damage and few complications.
  • [MeSH-major] Brachytherapy / methods. Iodine Radioisotopes / therapeutic use. Neoplasm Recurrence, Local / radiotherapy. Pelvic Neoplasms / radiotherapy

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  • (PMID = 19192407.001).
  • [ISSN] 0376-2491
  • [Journal-full-title] Zhonghua yi xue za zhi
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Zhonghua Yi Xue Za Zhi
  • [Language] chi
  • [Publication-type] English Abstract; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] China
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Iodine Radioisotopes
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96. Van Uitert RL, Summers RM, White JM, Deshpande KK, Choi JR, Pickhardt PJ: Temporal and multiinstitutional quality assessment of CT colonography. AJR Am J Roentgenol; 2008 Nov;191(5):1503-8
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  • We used previously validated QA software to automatically measure the mean distention and residual fluid of each of five colonic segments (ascending, transverse, descending, sigmoid, and rectum).
  • [MeSH-major] Colonography, Computed Tomographic / methods. Colonography, Computed Tomographic / standards. Colorectal Neoplasms / radiography. Quality Assurance, Health Care

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  • (PMID = 18941092.001).
  • [ISSN] 1546-3141
  • [Journal-full-title] AJR. American journal of roentgenology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] AJR Am J Roentgenol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Grant] United States / Intramural NIH HHS / / Z01 CL040003-05
  • [Publication-type] Evaluation Studies; Journal Article; Multicenter Study; Research Support, N.I.H., Intramural
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ NIHMS52488; NLM/ PMC2585516
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97. Bufalari A, Giustozzi G, Burattini MF, Servili S, Bussotti C, Lucaroni E, Ricci E, Sciannameo F: Rectal cancer surgery in the elderly: a multivariate analysis of outcome risk factors. J Surg Oncol; 2006 Mar 1;93(3):173-80
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  • [Title] Rectal cancer surgery in the elderly: a multivariate analysis of outcome risk factors.
  • The purpose of this study was to compare short term surgical results assessing mortality and morbidity and long-term survival and disease-free interval in elective rectal surgery patients older than 65 years of age.
  • METHODS: Out of 177 rectal cancer accepted consecutively from 1991 to 2002, we studied the main clinical and pathological parameters comparing patients older and younger than 65 years.
  • Multivariate analysis showed that pT, grading, preoperative CEA level, gender, and site of the tumor along the rectum, the number of blood transfusion and the age group of more than 65 years are independent risk factors for both overall survival and disease-free interval.
  • CONCLUSION: The short-term prognosis for elective rectal cancer procedure in patients over 65 years of age was comparable to that of younger patients, whereas long term cancer-related survival was statistically worst in older patients.
  • [MeSH-major] Rectal Neoplasms / surgery
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Age Factors. Aged. Aged, 80 and over. Blood Transfusion. Disease-Free Survival. Elective Surgical Procedures. Female. Humans. Logistic Models. Male. Middle Aged. Multivariate Analysis. Neoplasm Staging. Postoperative Complications. Prognosis. Risk Factors. Survival Analysis. Treatment Outcome

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  • [CommentIn] J Surg Oncol. 2006 Mar 1;93(3):167-8 [16482591.001]
  • (PMID = 16482596.001).
  • [ISSN] 0022-4790
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of surgical oncology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Surg Oncol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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98. Zaider M, Zelefsky MJ, Cohen GN, Chui CS, Yorke ED, Ben-Porat L, Happersett L: Methodology for biologically-based treatment planning for combined low-dose-rate (permanent implant) and high-dose-rate (fractionated) treatment of prostate cancer. Int J Radiat Oncol Biol Phys; 2005 Mar 1;61(3):702-13
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  • Ab initio methodology is described, using clinically derived biologic parameters (alpha, beta, potential doubling time for prostate cancer cells [T(pot)], cell loss factor), for calculating tumor control probability isoeffective doses for the combined LDR and conventional fraction EBRT treatment regimen.
  • As no such formalism exists for assessing rectal or urethral toxicity, we make use of semi-empirical expressions proposed for describing urethral and rectal complication probabilities for specific treatment situations (LDR and fractionation, respectively) and utilize the notion of isoeffective dose to extend these results to combined LDR-EBRT regimens.
  • We evaluate the effect of changing LDR and EBRT prescription doses (in a manner that remains isoeffective with 81 Gy EBRT alone or with 144 Gy LDR monotherapy) on rectal and urethral complication probabilities, and suggest that it should be possible to improve the therapeutic ratio by exploiting joint LDR-EBRT planning.
  • Based on this information, dose constraints for the rectum and urethra are described which could be used for planning such combination regimens.
  • [MeSH-major] Algorithms. Brachytherapy / methods. Prostatic Neoplasms / radiotherapy. Radiotherapy, Conformal / methods

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  • (PMID = 15708248.001).
  • [ISSN] 0360-3016
  • [Journal-full-title] International journal of radiation oncology, biology, physics
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Int. J. Radiat. Oncol. Biol. Phys.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Iodine Radioisotopes
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99. Saad-Hossne R, Prado RG, Bakonyi Neto A, Marchezan MA: Peritoneal pseudomyxoma associated with synchronic malignant mucinous neoplasias of the cecum, appendix and rectum. Case report and review of the literature. Acta Cir Bras; 2007 Sep-Oct;22(5):407-11
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  • [Title] Peritoneal pseudomyxoma associated with synchronic malignant mucinous neoplasias of the cecum, appendix and rectum. Case report and review of the literature.
  • Peritoneal pseudomyxoma is a pathological condition that compromises the peritoneum, characterized by the production of large quantities of mucinous liquid, which progressively fills the peritoneal cavity, originating in general from mucinous appendicular or ovarian tumors.
  • We report a peritoneal pseudomyxoma associated with mucinous adenocarcinoma of the appendix synchronic with adenocarcinoma of the rectum in a 44 year old patient, where the initial diagnosis was rectal adenocarcinoma.
  • Tumour of the appendix and peritoneal pseudomyxoma were incidental and found intraoperatively.
  • We focus the histological patterns of the lesions, diagnosis and the treatment, with revision of the literature.

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  • (PMID = 17923963.001).
  • [ISSN] 0102-8650
  • [Journal-full-title] Acta cirurgica brasileira
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Acta Cir Bras
  • [Language] ENG
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] Brazil
  • [Number-of-references] 33
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100. Sarzo G, Finco C, Parise P, Vecchiato M, Savastano S, Luongo B, Degregori S, Bocus P, Marino F, Poletti A, De Lazzari F, Merigliano S: Colitis cystica profunda of the rectum: report of a case and review of the literature. Chir Ital; 2005 Nov-Dec;57(6):789-98
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  • [Title] Colitis cystica profunda of the rectum: report of a case and review of the literature.
  • Because of its clinical expression (rectorrhagia, mucorrhea and abdominal pain) and the way it appears to current imaging techniques this disease presents features which can be associated with colon neoplasm.
  • Its diagnosis has to be confirmed histologically, and its etiology remains unclear.
  • The following is a case report of colitis cystica profunda recurring 20 years after a first episode in a white woman, who had had an anterior resection of the sigmoid colon and upper rectum to deal with a colitis cystica profunda-induced stenosis of the sigmoid colon and at 41 underwent the transanal removal of a polypoid lesion.
  • A review of 20 cases in the literature showed that colitis cystica profunda has a predilection for the male and generally affects the medial and lower rectum and the sigmoid colon.
  • The literature also confirmed the association with ulcerative rectocolitis, Crohn's disease and rectal prolapse.
  • [MeSH-major] Colitis. Cysts. Rectum

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  • (PMID = 16400778.001).
  • [ISSN] 0009-4773
  • [Journal-full-title] Chirurgia italiana
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Chir Ital
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] Italy
  • [Number-of-references] 36
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