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1. Rudlowski C, Pickart AK, Fuhljahn C, Friepoertner T, Schlehe B, Biesterfeld S, Schroeder W: Prognostic significance of vascular endothelial growth factor expression in ovarian cancer patients: a long-term follow-up. Int J Gynecol Cancer; 2006 Jan-Feb;16 Suppl 1:183-9
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  • [Title] Prognostic significance of vascular endothelial growth factor expression in ovarian cancer patients: a long-term follow-up.
  • The purpose of the study was to determine vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) concentrations in ascites from ovarian cancer and to correlate these data with VEGF expression in ovarian tumors, serum VEGF concentrations, and clinicopathologic characteristics.
  • Ascites, serum, and tumor tissue from 65 ovarian carcinomas and eight borderline tumors were collected.
  • VEGF tumor expression was evaluated immunohistochemically.
  • Significantly higher VEGF concentrations were found in ascites from malignant tumors (median, 2575 pg mL(-1)) compared with borderline tumors (median 181.9 pg mL(-1)) and benign peritoneal fluid (184.5 pg mL(-1)).
  • Both VEGF ascites concentration and tumor expression correlated with advanced tumor stages and ascites volume.
  • No differences between VEGF serum levels could be observed between ovarian cancer patients and patients with benign cysts.
  • This study showed for the first time the clinical significance of elevated VEGF ascites level in ovarian carcinomas.
  • VEGF is expressed by ovarian tumor cells and locally released in the malignant peritoneal fluid but is not increased in the serum of preoperative ovarian cancer patients.
  • [MeSH-major] Adenocarcinoma / metabolism. Ascites / metabolism. Ovarian Neoplasms / metabolism. Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor A / biosynthesis
  • [MeSH-minor] Adolescent. Adult. Aged. Female. Follow-Up Studies. Humans. Middle Aged. Neoplasm Staging. Prognosis. Survival Analysis

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  • (PMID = 16515588.001).
  • [ISSN] 1048-891X
  • [Journal-full-title] International journal of gynecological cancer : official journal of the International Gynecological Cancer Society
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Int. J. Gynecol. Cancer
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor A
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2. Sonoda K, Miyamoto S, Yotsumoto F, Yagi H, Nakashima M, Watanabe T, Nakano H: Clinical significance of RCAS1 as a biomarker of ovarian cancer. Oncol Rep; 2007 Mar;17(3):623-8
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  • [Title] Clinical significance of RCAS1 as a biomarker of ovarian cancer.
  • Expression of RCAS1 (receptor-binding cancer antigen expressed on SiSo cells) is associated with advanced disease of various malignancies including ovarian cancer.
  • Although RCAS1 can induce apoptosis in normal peripheral lymphocytes, its clinical significance and biologic function in ovarian cancer patients are unclear.
  • Here, we evaluated serum RCAS1 concentrations to clarify its clinical significance and biologic activity in ovarian cancer.
  • Via ELISA, we measured serum RCAS1 concentrations in samples from 75 healthy blood donors and 97 patients, 36 with ovarian benign tumor and 61 with ovarian cancer.
  • Ovarian cancer patients had significantly higher serum RCAS1 concentrations than did healthy blood donors and ovarian tumor patients (P<0.05).
  • RCAS1 level was significantly different according to histologic subtype for both ovarian tumor and cancer patients (P=0.0266 and 0.0074, respectively).
  • RCAS1 may be a biomarker of ovarian cancer by virtue of its ability to predict results of treatment and inhibit immune cell growth.
  • [MeSH-major] Antigens, Neoplasm / blood. Biomarkers, Tumor / blood. Ovarian Neoplasms / blood. Ovarian Neoplasms / pathology

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  • (PMID = 17273743.001).
  • [ISSN] 1021-335X
  • [Journal-full-title] Oncology reports
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Oncol. Rep.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Historical Article; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] Greece
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Antigens, Neoplasm; 0 / Biomarkers, Tumor; 0 / EBAG9 protein, human
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3. Metaxas G, Tangalos A, Pappa P, Papageorgiou I: Mucinous cystic neoplasms of the mesentery: a case report and review of the literature. World J Surg Oncol; 2009;7:47
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  • [Title] Mucinous cystic neoplasms of the mesentery: a case report and review of the literature.
  • BACKGROUND: Mucinous cystic neoplasms arise in the ovary and various extra-ovarian sites.
  • There have been rare reports involving the mesentery as a primary tumour site.
  • Histology demonstrated a benign mucinous cystadenoma.
  • METHODS AND RESULTS: We review the literature on mucinous cystic neoplasms of the mesentery and report on the pathogenesis, biologic behavior, diagnosis and treatment of similar extra-ovarian tumors.
  • We propose an updated classification of mesenteric cysts and cystic tumors.
  • CONCLUSION: Mucinous cystic neoplasms of the mesentery present almost exclusively in women and must be considered in the differential diagnosis of mesenteric tumors.
  • Only full histological examination of a mucinous cystic neoplasm can exclude a borderline or malignant component.
  • An updated classification of mesenteric cysts and cystic tumors is proposed.

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  • (PMID = 19454018.001).
  • [ISSN] 1477-7819
  • [Journal-full-title] World journal of surgical oncology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] World J Surg Oncol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Number-of-references] 111
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC2691402
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4. Leyva-Carmona M, Vázquez-López MA, Lendinez-Molinos F: Ovarian juvenile granulosa cell tumors in infants. J Pediatr Hematol Oncol; 2009 Apr;31(4):304-6
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  • [Title] Ovarian juvenile granulosa cell tumors in infants.
  • Juvenile ovarian granulosa cell tumors (JGCTs) are described infrequently in pediatrics, and their finding in prepubertal patients is exceptional.
  • Most of the tumors are benign, but recurrences up to 4 years of follow-up have been described.
  • We present 2 cases of JGCT in infants: 1 with late recurrence of bilateral ovarian JGCT and 1 in a newborn with Ollier disease.
  • Clinical diagnosis and treatment of JGCT are revised.
  • [MeSH-major] Enchondromatosis / radiography. Enchondromatosis / ultrasonography. Granulosa Cell Tumor / radiography. Granulosa Cell Tumor / ultrasonography. Ovarian Neoplasms / radiography. Ovarian Neoplasms / ultrasonography
  • [MeSH-minor] Female. Humans. Infant. Infant, Newborn. Infant, Premature. Neoplasm Recurrence, Local

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  • (PMID = 19346888.001).
  • [ISSN] 1536-3678
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of pediatric hematology/oncology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Pediatr. Hematol. Oncol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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5. Lu A, Li Q, Liu J: Regulatory mechanisms for abnormal expression of the human breast cancer specific gene 1 in breast cancer cells. Sci China C Life Sci; 2006 Aug;49(4):403-8
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  • BCSG1 is not expressed in normal or benign breast lesions, but expressed at an extremely high level in the vast majority of the advanced staged breast carcinomas and ovarian carcinomas.


6. Poprach A, Michalová E, Pavlík T, Lakomy R, Vyskocil J, Nemeccek R, Zaloudík J, Vyzula R, Kocák I, Kocáková I: [Actual state of ex vivo chemoresistance testing of malignant tumors in Masaryk Memorial Cancer Institute Brno]. Klin Onkol; 2008;21(3):116-21
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  • [Title] [Actual state of ex vivo chemoresistance testing of malignant tumors in Masaryk Memorial Cancer Institute Brno].
  • (1) metastatic malignant melanoma, (2) soft tissue sarcoma (STS), either primary or recurrent/metastic, (3) primary or metastatic renal cancer, (4) recurrent ovarian cancer and (5) other diagnosis "on clinician's request".
  • In the period from September 2006 to November 2007, 25 samples of malignant melanoma (reproducible results in 9 cases), 29 samples of STS (relevant data in 11 cases), 36 samples of renal cancer (relevant results in 20 samples) and 16 samples of ovarian cancer (reproducible results in 11 cases) were acquired.
  • Sensitivity to certain chemotherapy agent observed ex vivo does not necessarily mean that the cancer would also be sensitive to the same agent in vivo, however, ex vivo resistance with following in vivo sensitivity of the tumour has not been observed to date.
  • The cultivation of malignant cells is very uncertain in solid tumours, which consist of several malignant cell multiclones (benign/stromal cells may outgrow malignant cells).
  • [MeSH-minor] Drug Resistance, Neoplasm. Female. Humans. Kidney Neoplasms / drug therapy. Melanoma / drug therapy. Ovarian Neoplasms / drug therapy. Sarcoma / drug therapy

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  • (PMID = 19097421.001).
  • [ISSN] 0862-495X
  • [Journal-full-title] Klinická onkologie : casopis Ceské a Slovenské onkologické spolecnosti
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Klin Onkol
  • [Language] cze
  • [Publication-type] English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Czech Republic
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7. Zachariah RR, Schmid S, Buerki N, Radpour R, Holzgreve W, Zhong X: Levels of circulating cell-free nuclear and mitochondrial DNA in benign and malignant ovarian tumors. Obstet Gynecol; 2008 Oct;112(4):843-50
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  • [Title] Levels of circulating cell-free nuclear and mitochondrial DNA in benign and malignant ovarian tumors.
  • OBJECTIVE: To analyze the levels of circulating cell-free nuclear DNA and circulating cell-free mitochondrial DNA in patients with benign and malignant ovarian tumors using a gold-standard assay and to investigate whether quantitative alterations of the circulating cell-free species have values in the management of the patients.
  • We developed a quantitative, multiplex polymerase chain reaction to measure the levels of circulating cell-free nuclear DNA and circulating cell-free mitochondrial DNA in serum and plasma of patients with epithelial ovarian cancer, benign epithelial ovarian tumors, or endometriosis.
  • RESULTS: The patients with epithelial ovarian cancer had significantly higher amounts of circulating cell-free nuclear DNA and circulating cell-free mitochondrial DNA in plasma compared with the healthy control group (mean of nuclear DNA 10,723/2,591 and mean of mitochondrial DNA 4,918,978/2,294,264, P=.009 and 0.022, respectively) and with the other group with benign ovarian diseases (mean of nuclear DNA 10,723/2,965 and mean of mitochondrial DNA 4,918,978/1,597,551, P=.027 and 0.002, respectively).
  • However, no relationship between levels of the circulating cell-free DNA and the pathological parameters as well as CA 125 measurement in patients with epithelial ovarian cancer was found.
  • A significant difference between the epithelial ovarian cancer and endometriosis group was found in circulating cell-free mitochondrial DNA but not in circulating cell-free nuclear DNA (mean of mitochondrial DNA 4,918,978/2,273,988 and mean of nuclear DNA 10,723/3,291, P=.013 and 0.105, respectively).
  • CONCLUSION: Elevated levels of circulating cell-free nuclear DNA and circulating cell-free mitochondrial DNA in epithelial ovarian cancer may have diagnostic value.
  • [MeSH-major] DNA, Mitochondrial / blood. DNA, Neoplasm / blood. Ovarian Neoplasms / blood. Polymerase Chain Reaction / methods
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Biomarkers, Tumor / blood. Cell-Free System / chemistry. Endometriosis / blood. Female. Humans. ROC Curve

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  • (PMID = 18827127.001).
  • [ISSN] 0029-7844
  • [Journal-full-title] Obstetrics and gynecology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Obstet Gynecol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Biomarkers, Tumor; 0 / DNA, Mitochondrial; 0 / DNA, Neoplasm
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8. Jeschke U, Bischof A, Speer R, Briese V, Richter DU, Bergemann C, Mylonas I, Shabani N, Friese K, Karsten U: Development of monoclonal and polyclonal antibodies and an ELISA for the determination of glycodelin in human serum, amniotic fluid and cystic fluid of benign and malignant ovarian tumors. Anticancer Res; 2005 May-Jun;25(3A):1581-9
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  • [Title] Development of monoclonal and polyclonal antibodies and an ELISA for the determination of glycodelin in human serum, amniotic fluid and cystic fluid of benign and malignant ovarian tumors.
  • We also found significantly increased glycodelin concentrations in the fluids of malignant ovarian cysts compared to benign ovarian tumors (p<0.001).
  • Its most promising application is expected in the diagnosis of ovarian cancer.
  • [MeSH-major] Antibodies / immunology. Glycoproteins / analysis. Ovarian Neoplasms / chemistry. Pregnancy Proteins / analysis

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  • (PMID = 16033064.001).
  • [ISSN] 0250-7005
  • [Journal-full-title] Anticancer research
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Anticancer Res.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] Greece
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Antibodies; 0 / Glycoproteins; 0 / PAEP protein, human; 0 / Pregnancy Proteins
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9. Hahm TS, Ham JS, Kang JY: Unilateral massive hydrothorax in a gynecologic patient with pseudo-Meigs' syndrome -A case report-. Korean J Anesthesiol; 2010 Feb;58(2):202-6
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  • Pseudo-Meigs' syndrome is characterized by the presence of a benign ovarian tumor associated with ascites and a right-sided hydrothorax.

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  • (PMID = 20498801.001).
  • [ISSN] 2005-7563
  • [Journal-full-title] Korean journal of anesthesiology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Korean J Anesthesiol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Korea (South)
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC2872861
  • [Keywords] NOTNLM ; Hydrothorax / Hypoxia / Pseudo-Meigs' syndrome
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10. Zhang Z, Jia L, Feng Y, Zheng W: Overexpression of follicle-stimulating hormone receptor facilitates the development of ovarian epithelial cancer. Cancer Lett; 2009 Jun 8;278(1):56-64
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  • [Title] Overexpression of follicle-stimulating hormone receptor facilitates the development of ovarian epithelial cancer.
  • We previously showed that the expressing level of FSH receptor (FSHR) increased from ovarian epithelial inclusions (OEIs) to benign ovarian epithelial tumors (OETs) and to borderline OETs, whereas FSHR levels decreased with an increase in carcinoma grade.
  • [MeSH-major] Gene Expression Regulation. Gene Expression Regulation, Neoplastic. Ovarian Neoplasms / genetics. Receptors, FSH / genetics
  • [MeSH-minor] Blotting, Western. Cell Cycle / drug effects. Cell Line, Tumor. DNA Primers. Epithelial Cells / pathology. Female. Humans. Neoplasm Invasiveness. Polymerase Chain Reaction. RNA, Neoplasm / genetics. Repressor Proteins / genetics. Reverse Transcriptase Polymerase Chain Reaction. Transfection


11. Basic-Jukic N, Furic-Cunko V, Coric M, Bubic-Filipi LJ, Kastelan Z, Pasini J, Kes P: Appendiceal carcinoid and mucinous cystadenoma in renal transplant recipients: case reports. Transplant Proc; 2010 Jun;42(5):1704-7
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  • There is an increased incidence of tumors among renal transplant patients, which are associated with immunosuppression.
  • Carcinoids are rare neuroendocrine tumors that arise from the enterochromaffin cells.
  • Although appendiceal carcinoid tumors are the commonest malignant neoplasms affecting the appendix, and mucinous cystadenoma is the commonest benign appendiceal neoplasm, they have not been reported in immunosuppressed patients.
  • [MeSH-major] Appendiceal Neoplasms / etiology. Cystadenoma, Mucinous / etiology. Kidney Transplantation / adverse effects
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Female. Humans. Kidney Failure, Chronic / surgery. Magnetic Resonance Imaging. Male. Neoplasms / epidemiology. Neoplasms / etiology. Neoplasms / pathology. Neoplasms / surgery. Ovarian Neoplasms / pathology. Ovarian Neoplasms / surgery

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  • (PMID = 20620505.001).
  • [ISSN] 1873-2623
  • [Journal-full-title] Transplantation proceedings
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Transplant. Proc.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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12. Castellucci P, Perrone AM, Picchio M, Ghi T, Farsad M, Nanni C, Messa C, Meriggiola MC, Pelusi G, Al-Nahhas A, Rubello D, Fazio F, Fanti S: Diagnostic accuracy of 18F-FDG PET/CT in characterizing ovarian lesions and staging ovarian cancer: correlation with transvaginal ultrasonography, computed tomography, and histology. Nucl Med Commun; 2007 Aug;28(8):589-95
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  • [Title] Diagnostic accuracy of 18F-FDG PET/CT in characterizing ovarian lesions and staging ovarian cancer: correlation with transvaginal ultrasonography, computed tomography, and histology.
  • AIMS: To (a) assess the accuracy of 18F-FDG PET/CT in distinguishing malignant from benign pelvic lesions, compared to transvaginal ultrasonography (TVUS) and (b) to establish the role of whole-body 18F-FDG PET/CT, compared to contrast enhanced computed tomography (CT), in staging patients with ovarian cancer.
  • When tissue analysis showed ovarian cancer, the accuracy of 18F-FDG PET/CT and CT were compared for the purpose of obtaining a precise staging.
  • RESULTS: At surgery, the ovarian lesions were malignant in 32/50 patients (64%) and benign in the remaining 18/50 patients (36%).
  • In staging ovarian cancer, 18F-FDG PET/CT results were concordant with final pathological staging in 22/32 (69%) patients while CT results were concordant in 17/32 (53%) patients.
  • CONCLUSION: PET/CT with 18F-FDG provides additional value to TVUS for the differential diagnosis of benign from malignant pelvic lesions, and to CT for the staging of ovarian cancer patients.
  • [MeSH-major] Ovarian Neoplasms / diagnosis. Positron-Emission Tomography. Tomography, X-Ray Computed
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Aged. Aged, 80 and over. Diagnosis, Differential. Female. Fluorodeoxyglucose F18. Humans. Middle Aged. Neoplasm Staging. Ovarian Diseases / diagnosis. Predictive Value of Tests. Radiopharmaceuticals. Sensitivity and Specificity. Ultrasonography, Doppler, Color

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  • [CommentIn] Nucl Med Commun. 2007 Nov;28(11):879-80; author reply 880 [17901773.001]
  • (PMID = 17625380.001).
  • [ISSN] 0143-3636
  • [Journal-full-title] Nuclear medicine communications
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Nucl Med Commun
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Clinical Trial; Comparative Study; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Radiopharmaceuticals; 0Z5B2CJX4D / Fluorodeoxyglucose F18
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13. Wang P, Wu X, Chen W, Liu J, Wang X: The lysophosphatidic acid (LPA) receptors their expression and significance in epithelial ovarian neoplasms. Gynecol Oncol; 2007 Mar;104(3):714-20
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  • [Title] The lysophosphatidic acid (LPA) receptors their expression and significance in epithelial ovarian neoplasms.
  • OBJECTIVE: To investigate the lysophosphatidic acid (LPA) receptors expression situation and their biological significance in human ovarian cancer cell lines and in human epithelial ovarian neoplasms.
  • METHODS: The reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) and Western blotting were employed to measure the expression levels of LPA(1), LPA(2) and LPA(3) mRNA, LPA(2) and LPA(3) protein expression in cultured human ovarian cancer cell lines (3AO, SKOV3 and OVCAR3) and in human epithelial ovarian neoplasms.
  • The immunocytochemical method was used to detect LPA(2) and LPA(3) protein expression in cultured human ovarian cancer cell lines.
  • RESULTS: RT-PCR revealed that all ovarian cancer cell lines expressed LPA(1), LPA(2) and LPA(3) mRNA.
  • The positive rates (100%; 86.4%; 88.2%) of LPA(1) mRNA in normal ovarian tissue, benign tumor and ovarian cancer were no significant difference (p>0.05).
  • The expression level of LPA(1) mRNA was significantly higher in normal ovarian tissue compared with that in benign tumor and in ovarian cancer tissue (p<0.01).
  • LPA(1) expression level was no significant difference in both benign tumor and ovarian cancer tissue (p>0.05).
  • LPA(2) mRNA-positive rates (92.6%) and expression level were significantly higher in ovarian cancer compared with that in benign tumor (31.8%) and in normal ovarian tissue (31.3%) (p<0.01); LPA(2) mRNA-positive rates and expression level were no significant difference in both benign tumor and normal ovarian tissue (p>0.05).
  • LPA(3) mRNA-positive rates (92.6%) and expression level were significantly higher in ovarian cancer compared with that in benign tumor (31.8%) and in normal ovarian tissue (31.3%) (p<0.01), LPA(3) mRNA-positive rates and expression level were no significant difference in both benign tumor and normal ovarian tissue (p>0.05).
  • LPA(1) mRNA expression level was significantly decreased compared with that of LPA(2) and LPA(3) in ovarian cancer (p<0.01); Western blotting clearly revealed that all ovarian cancer cell lines showed LPA(2) and LPA(3) protein.
  • The positive rates and expression level of LPA(2) and LPA(3) protein were significantly increased in ovarian cancer (92.6%; 92.6%) compared with that in benign tumor (45.5%; 45.5%) and that in normal ovarian tissue (43.8%; 43.8%) (p<0.01); LPA(2) and LPA(3) protein-positive rates and expression level were no significant difference in both benign tumor and normal ovarian tissue (p>0.05).
  • The mRNA and protein expression of LPA(2) and LPA(3) in stages III and IV was significantly higher than that in stages I and II epithelial ovarian cancer (p<0.05).
  • CONCLUSION: LPA(1), LPA(2) and LPA(3) mRNA and protein expressed widely in human epithelial ovarian neoplasms.
  • LPA(2) and LPA(3) may be involved in the development and progression of human ovarian cancer.
  • There was a significant correlation between LPA(2), LPA(3) and invasion and metastasis of epithelial ovarian cancer.
  • LPA(2) and LPA(3) may be a prognostic indicator in patients with epithelial ovarian cancer.
  • [MeSH-major] Ovarian Neoplasms / metabolism. Receptors, Lysophosphatidic Acid / biosynthesis

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  • (PMID = 17204312.001).
  • [ISSN] 0090-8258
  • [Journal-full-title] Gynecologic oncology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Gynecol. Oncol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / RNA, Messenger; 0 / Receptors, Lysophosphatidic Acid
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14. Tarkowski R, Polak G, Nowakowski A, Wertel I, Kotarski J: [YB-1 protein expression in ovarian cancer]. Ginekol Pol; 2006 Jun;77(6):458-62
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  • [Title] [YB-1 protein expression in ovarian cancer].
  • OBJECTIVES: Unfavourable prognosis of ovarian cancer is due to prompt progression, advanced stage at time of diagnosis and chemoresistance.
  • No protein tissue prognosticators of ovarian cancer are in clinical use yet.
  • High expression of YB-1 in tumour tissue correlates with unfavourable prognosis and chemoresistance in some malignant neoplasms.
  • THE AIM: of this study was to determine the expression of YB-1 in benign and malignant ovarian neoplasms and to correlate the expression of YB-1 with clinical indicators of cancer progression.
  • METHODS: Specimens of 11 benign ovarian cysts and 14 cystadenocarcinomas of the ovary were obtained.YB-1 expression was determined by immunohistochemistry.
  • Staging of ovarian cancer was performed according to FIGO.
  • RESULTS: Mean YB-1 expression levels in benign and malignant tumours were 5.36 +/- 4.1 and 2.86 +/- 4.18 points respectively and were not significantly different (p=0.18).
  • No correlation between FIGO stage and expression of YB-1 was found in the group of ovarian cancers, either (p=0.32).
  • CONCLUSIONS: This study demonstrates that YB-1 is expressed both in benign and malignant ovarian tumors.
  • [MeSH-major] Biomarkers, Tumor / analysis. Cell Transformation, Neoplastic / metabolism. Ovarian Cysts / chemistry. Ovarian Neoplasms / chemistry. Y-Box-Binding Protein 1 / analysis
  • [MeSH-minor] Female. Humans. Immunohistochemistry. Neoplasm Staging

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  • (PMID = 16964697.001).
  • [ISSN] 0017-0011
  • [Journal-full-title] Ginekologia polska
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Ginekol. Pol.
  • [Language] pol
  • [Publication-type] Comparative Study; English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Poland
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Biomarkers, Tumor; 0 / Y-Box-Binding Protein 1
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15. Badgwell D, Lu Z, Cole L, Fritsche H, Atkinson EN, Somers E, Allard J, Moore RG, Lu KH, Bast RC Jr: Urinary mesothelin provides greater sensitivity for early stage ovarian cancer than serum mesothelin, urinary hCG free beta subunit and urinary hCG beta core fragment. Gynecol Oncol; 2007 Sep;106(3):490-7
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  • [Title] Urinary mesothelin provides greater sensitivity for early stage ovarian cancer than serum mesothelin, urinary hCG free beta subunit and urinary hCG beta core fragment.
  • OBJECTIVES: Early detection of ovarian cancer should improve overall survival.
  • Mesothelin has been detected in serum from patients with ovarian cancer, but has not been previously reported in urine.
  • METHODS: Mesothelin was assayed in the serum and in the urine from 28 patients with early stage (I/II) invasive epithelial ovarian cancers, 111 with advanced stage (III/IV) invasive disease and 19 with tumors of low malignant potential.
  • Marker values have been compared to those in healthy controls and 115 patients with benign pelvic masses.
  • Similarly, 75% of patients with advanced ovarian cancer had elevated mesothelin in urine compared to 48% in serum.
  • Urine mesothelin exhibited greater sensitivity for early stage ovarian cancer than did hCG free beta subunit or beta subunit core fragment and complementarity was not observed.
  • CONCLUSION: Urine mesothelin deserves further evaluation as a biomarker for detection of early stage ovarian cancer in combination with other urinary markers.
  • [MeSH-major] Biomarkers, Tumor / urine. Chorionic Gonadotropin, beta Subunit, Human / urine. Membrane Glycoproteins / urine. Ovarian Neoplasms / urine. Peptide Fragments / urine
  • [MeSH-minor] CA-125 Antigen / blood. Female. GPI-Linked Proteins. Glomerular Filtration Rate. Humans. Middle Aged. Neoplasm Invasiveness. Neoplasm Staging. ROC Curve

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  • (PMID = 17532030.001).
  • [ISSN] 0090-8258
  • [Journal-full-title] Gynecologic oncology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Gynecol. Oncol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Grant] United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / P30 CA016672; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / P50 CA083639; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / P50 CA083639
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Biomarkers, Tumor; 0 / CA-125 Antigen; 0 / Chorionic Gonadotropin, beta Subunit, Human; 0 / GPI-Linked Proteins; 0 / Membrane Glycoproteins; 0 / Peptide Fragments; 0 / mesothelin; 0 / urinary gonadotropin fragment
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ NIHMS30261; NLM/ PMC3374586
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16. Shah CA, Lowe KA, Paley P, Wallace E, Anderson GL, McIntosh MW, Andersen MR, Scholler N, Bergan LA, Thorpe JD, Urban N, Drescher CW: Influence of ovarian cancer risk status on the diagnostic performance of the serum biomarkers mesothelin, HE4, and CA125. Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev; 2009 May;18(5):1365-72
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  • [Title] Influence of ovarian cancer risk status on the diagnostic performance of the serum biomarkers mesothelin, HE4, and CA125.
  • OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effect of ovarian cancer risk on the performance of the serum biomarkers mesothelin, human epididymis protein 4 (HE4), and CA125.
  • METHODS: We measured mesothelin, HE4, and CA125 levels from women with invasive ovarian cancer (n = 143), benign gynecologic conditions (n = 124), and controls (n = 344).
  • All three markers discriminated ovarian cancer cases from risk-matched healthy and benign controls.
  • The performance of the markers was not as robust when cases were compared with benign controls.
  • Area under the curve values for cases versus healthy and benign controls did not vary by risk status.
  • CONCLUSIONS: The ability of serum mesothelin, HE4, and CA 125 levels to discriminate ovarian cancer cases from healthy and benign controls is not influenced by risk status.

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  • (PMID = 19423517.001).
  • [ISSN] 1055-9965
  • [Journal-full-title] Cancer epidemiology, biomarkers & prevention : a publication of the American Association for Cancer Research, cosponsored by the American Society of Preventive Oncology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Cancer Epidemiol. Biomarkers Prev.
  • [Language] ENG
  • [Grant] United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / P50 CA83636; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / P50 CA083636-01; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / 1 R01 CA75494; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / P50 CA083636; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / U24 CA078164; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / U24 CA78164
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Biomarkers, Tumor; 0 / CA-125 Antigen; 0 / DEFB126 protein, human; 0 / Epididymal Secretory Proteins; 0 / GPI-Linked Proteins; 0 / Membrane Glycoproteins; 0 / beta-Defensins; 0 / mesothelin
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ NIHMS116895; NLM/ PMC2714056
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17. Liguang Z, Peishu L, Hongluan M, Hong J, Rong W, Wachtel MS, Frezza EE: Survivin expression in ovarian cancer. Exp Oncol; 2007 Jun;29(2):121-5
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  • [Title] Survivin expression in ovarian cancer.
  • AIM: To examine the expression of survivin in benign ovarian tumors, ovarian carcinomas of different stages.
  • METHODS: We screened the expression of survivin mRNA by reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction in 114 ovarian tissue samples.
  • RESULTS: No survivin mRNA was expressed in all normal ovarian specimens, while it appeared in 73% of ovarian carcinomas, 47% of borderline ovarian carcinomas and 19% of benign ovarian tumors.
  • In tissues with positive expression of survivin, we also found that mean survivin mRNA expression levels were higher in ovarian carcinomas than that in benign ovarian tumors and borderline ovarian carcinoma tissues (P < 0.001).
  • Among ovarian carcinomas, the high survivin mRNA expression levels correlated with the clinical stages, differentiation grade, lymph node metastasis, but not - with ascites and histological type.
  • CONCLUSION: Our study suggest that survivin is associated with progression of ovarian carcinoma.
  • [MeSH-major] Cystadenoma, Mucinous / metabolism. Cystadenoma, Serous / metabolism. Neoplasm Proteins / biosynthesis. Ovarian Neoplasms / metabolism. Ovarian Neoplasms / pathology
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Aged. Carcinoma / metabolism. Carcinoma / pathology. Disease Progression. Female. Humans. Middle Aged. Neoplasm Staging. RNA, Messenger / biosynthesis. RNA, Messenger / genetics. Retrospective Studies. Reverse Transcriptase Polymerase Chain Reaction

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  • (PMID = 17704744.001).
  • [ISSN] 1812-9269
  • [Journal-full-title] Experimental oncology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Exp. Oncol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Ukraine
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Neoplasm Proteins; 0 / RNA, Messenger
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18. Taylor DD, Gercel-Taylor C, Parker LP: Patient-derived tumor-reactive antibodies as diagnostic markers for ovarian cancer. Gynecol Oncol; 2009 Oct;115(1):112-20
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  • [Title] Patient-derived tumor-reactive antibodies as diagnostic markers for ovarian cancer.
  • OBJECTIVE: Most ovarian cancers are diagnosed at advanced stage (67%) and prospects for significant improvement in survival reside in early diagnosis.
  • Our objective was to validate our array assay for the identification of ovarian cancer based on quantitation of tumor-reactive IgG.
  • Specific protein targets were isolated by immunoaffinity from exosomes derived from ovarian tumor cell lines.
  • Sera were obtained from age-matched female volunteers, women with benign ovarian disease and with ovarian cancer.
  • RESULTS: Sera from ovarian cancer patients exhibited significantly greater immunoreactivities than either normal controls or women with benign disease (both considered negative to all antigens tested).
  • Reactivities with nucleophosmin, cathepsin D, p53, and SSX common antigen for patients with all stages of ovarian cancer were significantly higher than for controls and women with benign ovarian disease.
  • Reactivity with placental type alkaline phosphatase, TAG 72, survivin, NY-ESO-1, GRP78, and Muc16 (CA125) allowed the differentiation between Stage III/IV and early stage ovarian cancer.
  • CONCLUSIONS: The quantitation of circulating tumor-reactive IgG can be used to identify the presence of ovarian cancer.
  • The analyses of IgG recognition of specific exosomal antigens allows for the differentiation of women with benign ovarian masses from ovarian cancer, as well as distinguishing early and late stage ovarian cancers.
  • Thus, the quantitative assessment of IgG reactive with specific tumor-derived exosomal proteins can be used as diagnostic markers for ovarian cancer.

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  • (PMID = 19647308.001).
  • [ISSN] 1095-6859
  • [Journal-full-title] Gynecologic oncology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Gynecol. Oncol.
  • [Language] ENG
  • [Grant] United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / CA098166-02; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / R21 CA098166-02
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Antigens, Neoplasm; 0 / Autoantibodies; 0 / Biomarkers, Tumor; 0 / Epitopes; 0 / Immunoglobulin G
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ NIHMS129188; NLM/ PMC2760307
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19. Yan XJ, Tian Y, Wang C, Wang XL, Di JM, Cheng JX: [The expressions and clinical significance of IGFBP-2, -3 in both serum and tumor tissues in patients with epithelial ovarian cancer]. Sichuan Da Xue Xue Bao Yi Xue Ban; 2009 Jul;40(4):639-43
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  • [Title] [The expressions and clinical significance of IGFBP-2, -3 in both serum and tumor tissues in patients with epithelial ovarian cancer].
  • OBJECTIVE: To explore the serum levels of IGFBP-2, -3 and their proper roles in the regulation of IGF-II bioavailability in patients with ovarian tumor, and to investigate the correlation between the expressions of IGFBP-2 and IGFBP-3 in ovarian tumor tissues and related clinicopathological characteristics.
  • METHODS: Serum levels of IGFBP-2, -3 and big/mature IGF-II were measured by Western ligand blot (WLB) and Western blot (WB) in patients with ovarian tumor (10 cases of benign tumor, 6 cases of borderline tumor and 10 cases of malignant tumor) and 10 cases of normal control.
  • The expressions of IGFBP-2 and IGFBP-3 were examined in 39 specimens of ovarian tumor (8 cases of benign tumor, 8 cases of borderline tumor and 23 cases of malignant tumor) and 4 cases of normal ovarian tissues by immunohistochemical staining.
  • RESULTS: The serum levels of both big and mature IGF-II in epithelial ovarian cancer (ovarian cancer) patients were significantly decreased compared with those of normal control and benign and borderline tumor (P<0.001 or P<0.01).
  • The increased serum level of IGFBP-2 and decreased IGFBP-3 level were observed in patients with malignant ovarian tumors by comparing with those of patients with normal controls, benign and borderline tumor (P<0.001 or P<0.01).
  • The expression of IGFBP-2 was significantly higher in malignant ovarian tumor tissues than those in normal control and benign ovarian tumors tissues (P<0.0001, P<0.001, and the expression of IGFBP-3 decreased significantly in lower differentiated ovarian cancer tissues compared with that in high and moderate differentiated ovarian cancer tissues (P<0. 05).
  • CONCLUION: IGFBP-2 predominantly presents in the circulation of malignant patients in contrast to IGFBP-3, which may result in altered bioavailability of IGF-II in ovarian cancer, leading to the progress of tumor.
  • The serum levels of both IGFBP-2 and IGFBP-3 and their expressions in tumor tissues are correlated with the clinicopathological characteristics of ovarian cancer patients.
  • Our findings suggest that the presence of new mechanisms in the regulation of IGF-II bioavailability, and provide the evidence for the possibility to use IGFBP-2/IGFBP-3 as biological markers in diagnosis and prognosis of ovarian cancer.
  • [MeSH-major] Insulin-Like Growth Factor Binding Protein 2 / blood. Insulin-Like Growth Factor Binding Protein 3 / blood. Insulin-Like Growth Factor II / analysis. Ovarian Neoplasms / metabolism. Ovarian Neoplasms / pathology

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  • (PMID = 19764562.001).
  • [ISSN] 1672-173X
  • [Journal-full-title] Sichuan da xue xue bao. Yi xue ban = Journal of Sichuan University. Medical science edition
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Sichuan Da Xue Xue Bao Yi Xue Ban
  • [Language] chi
  • [Publication-type] English Abstract; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] China
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Insulin-Like Growth Factor Binding Protein 2; 0 / Insulin-Like Growth Factor Binding Protein 3; 67763-97-7 / Insulin-Like Growth Factor II
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20. Manosca F, Schinstine M, Fetsch PA, Sorbara L, Maria Wilder A, Brosky K, Erickson D, Raffeld M, Filie AC, Abati A: Diagnostic effects of prolonged storage on fresh effusion samples. Diagn Cytopathol; 2007 Jan;35(1):6-11
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  • Specimens evaluated included four pleural (3 benign, 1 breast adenocarcinoma) and six peritoneal (2 ovarian adenocarcinomas, 1 malignant melanoma, 2 mesotheliomas, 1 atypical mesothelial) effusions.
  • [MeSH-major] Artifacts. Ascitic Fluid / pathology. Cytodiagnosis / methods. Neoplasms / diagnosis. Pleural Effusion, Malignant / diagnosis. Specimen Handling / methods
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Biomarkers, Tumor. DNA, Neoplasm / analysis. Female. Humans. Male. Middle Aged. Polymerase Chain Reaction. Time Factors

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  • (PMID = 17173298.001).
  • [ISSN] 8755-1039
  • [Journal-full-title] Diagnostic cytopathology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Diagn. Cytopathol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Biomarkers, Tumor; 0 / DNA, Neoplasm
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21. Mukonoweshuro P, Oriowolo A: Stromal osseous metaplasia in a low-grade ovarian adenocarcinoma. Gynecol Oncol; 2005 Oct;99(1):222-4
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  • [Title] Stromal osseous metaplasia in a low-grade ovarian adenocarcinoma.
  • BACKGROUND: Stromal osseous metaplasia is a rare and curious finding in tumors of the ovary.
  • CASE REPORT: The patient, a 66-year-old P3 G3 white female, had a past history of stage 1c left ovarian, well-differentiated endometrioid adenocarcinoma removed in 1981.
  • The tumor recurred 21 years later with prominent stromal osseous metaplasia that had not been present in the primary.
  • DISCUSSION: The pathogenesis of osseous metaplasia in epithelial tumors of the ovary is unclear; however, it is probable that a metaplastic process involving multipotential stromal stem cells results in bone formation.
  • CONCLUSION: Benign osseous metaplasia in ovarian tumors is rare and its histogenesis remains unclear.
  • [MeSH-major] Carcinoma, Endometrioid / pathology. Neoplasm Recurrence, Local / pathology. Ovarian Neoplasms / pathology

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  • (PMID = 16023183.001).
  • [ISSN] 0090-8258
  • [Journal-full-title] Gynecologic oncology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Gynecol. Oncol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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22. Barwijuk AJ, Bonarek-Sztaba J: [Comparison of gas and gasless laparoscopy in the treatment of benign ovarian tumors]. Ginekol Pol; 2006 Jun;77(6):450-1, 454-7
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  • [Title] [Comparison of gas and gasless laparoscopy in the treatment of benign ovarian tumors].
  • OBJECTIVES: The aim of the study was to compare the outcomes of the gas and gasless laparoscopy in the treatment of benign ovarian tumors.
  • An ovarian tumor considered to be benign was the indication to operation.
  • Those assessments revealed that all tumors had been benign.
  • [MeSH-major] Laparoscopy / methods. Ovarian Neoplasms / surgery. Pneumoperitoneum, Artificial / methods

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  • (PMID = 16964696.001).
  • [ISSN] 0017-0011
  • [Journal-full-title] Ginekologia polska
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Ginekol. Pol.
  • [Language] pol
  • [Publication-type] Comparative Study; English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Poland
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 142M471B3J / Carbon Dioxide
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23. Czernobilsky B: Uterine tumors resembling ovarian sex cord tumors: an update. Int J Gynecol Pathol; 2008 Apr;27(2):229-35
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  • [Title] Uterine tumors resembling ovarian sex cord tumors: an update.
  • Tumors of the uterus resembling ovarian sex cord tumors were reported by Clement and Scully in 1976 and were divided in 2 groups: group 1, endometrial stromal tumors, and group 2, mural uterine tumors-both with elements resembling ovarian sex cord tumors.
  • In the former, the sex cord component constitutes a minor portion of an endometrial stromal neoplasm, whereas in the latter, it is the predominant or exclusive component of a uterine wall lesion composed of a variety of mesenchymal elements.
  • An origin from endometrial stromal cells, adenomyosis, stromal myosis, endometriosis, or multipotential cells within the myometrium was postulated in both groups of tumors.
  • In group 1 tumors, the prognosis depends on the type, grade, and stage of the underlying stromal neoplasm.
  • Group 2 tumors seemed to be benign, although because of the occasional recurrence of these tumors, they should be considered of low-grade malignant potential.
  • In group 1 tumors, the sex cord elements remained limited to cords, trabeculae, nests, and tubules.
  • Eventually, the abbreviation ESTSCLE, or endometrial stromal tumors with sex cord-like elements, was given to group 1 tumors, whereas UTROSCT, or uterine tumor resembling ovarian sex cord tumor, was used for group 2 tumors.
  • Positivity for calretinin and at least for 1 of the other above-mentioned markers may thus confirm the diagnosis of UTROSCT.
  • Endometrial stromal tumors with sex cord-like elements, on the other hand, usually express only 1 sex cord marker, mostly calretinin.
  • In conclusion, UTROSCT and, to a lesser degree, ESTSCLE, are polyphenotypic neoplasms, which, according to the evidence available at present, most likely arise from pluripotential uterine mesenchymal cells.
  • [MeSH-major] Ovarian Neoplasms / pathology. Sex Cord-Gonadal Stromal Tumors / pathology. Uterine Neoplasms / pathology
  • [MeSH-minor] Biomarkers, Tumor / metabolism. Cell Differentiation. Diagnosis, Differential. Endometrial Stromal Tumors / diagnosis. Endometrial Stromal Tumors / pathology. Female. Humans

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  • (PMID = 18317219.001).
  • [ISSN] 1538-7151
  • [Journal-full-title] International journal of gynecological pathology : official journal of the International Society of Gynecological Pathologists
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Int. J. Gynecol. Pathol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Biomarkers, Tumor
  • [Number-of-references] 40
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24. Li Q, Liu S, Lin B, Yan L, Wang Y, Wang C, Zhang S: Expression and correlation of Lewis y antigen and integrins α5 and β1 in ovarian serous and mucinous carcinoma. Int J Gynecol Cancer; 2010 Dec;20(9):1482-9
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  • [Title] Expression and correlation of Lewis y antigen and integrins α5 and β1 in ovarian serous and mucinous carcinoma.
  • INTRODUCTION: This study investigates the expression and the clinical significance of Lewis y and integrins α5 and β1 in serous and mucinous ovarian tumors and then evaluates the association between them.
  • METHODS: Lewis y and integrin α5 and β1 expression are detected on tissues from malignant, borderline, and benign ovarian serous and mucinous tumors and normal tissues.
  • RESULTS: Lewis y was mainly expressed in ovarian serous and mucinous cancers (88.33%); its positive rate was obviously higher than rates in the borderline (60.00%, P < 0.05) and benign ovarian tumors (35.00%, P < 0.01) and normal ovarian tissues (0, P < 0.01) and was not associated with clinicopathological characteristics.
  • Integrins α5 (85.00%) and β1 (81.67%) were also mainly expressed in ovarian serous and mucinous cancers; their positive rates were all obviously higher than those in benign ovarian tumors (60.00% and 55.00%, respectively; all P < 0.05) and normal tissues (40.00% and 30.00%, respectively; all P < 0.01).
  • The expression intensity of Lewis y and integrins α5 and β1 was significant with clinical stage and differentiation degree (all P < 0.05) in ovarian cancer; positive significant correlation between Lewis y antigen and integrins α5 and β1 was observed in serous and mucinous ovarian cancer tissues.
  • CONCLUSIONS: A close correlation between Lewis y, integrins α5 and β1, and ovarian cancer was observed.
  • Lewis y can influence the biological behavior of a tumor cell as an important composition of integrins α5 and β1 by some signal pathway, such as promoting cell adhesion and migration, and this study provides theoretical evidence of ovarian cancer biological treatment.
  • [MeSH-major] Adenocarcinoma, Mucinous / metabolism. Antigens, CD29 / metabolism. Cystadenocarcinoma, Serous / metabolism. Integrin alpha5 / metabolism. Lewis Blood-Group System / metabolism. Ovarian Neoplasms / metabolism
  • [MeSH-minor] Adolescent. Adult. Aged. Biomarkers, Tumor / analysis. Biomarkers, Tumor / metabolism. Case-Control Studies. Female. Humans. Integrin alpha5beta1 / metabolism. Middle Aged. Neoplasm Staging / methods. Prognosis. Young Adult

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  • (PMID = 21119363.001).
  • [ISSN] 1525-1438
  • [Journal-full-title] International journal of gynecological cancer : official journal of the International Gynecological Cancer Society
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Int. J. Gynecol. Cancer
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Evaluation Studies; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Antigens, CD29; 0 / Biomarkers, Tumor; 0 / Integrin alpha5; 0 / Integrin alpha5beta1; 0 / Lewis Blood-Group System; 0 / Lewis Y antigen
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25. Zhang J, Chen AP, Wang B, Zhao SP, Liu LZ, Dai SZ: [Correlations of EGFR and LRP to chemotherapy resistance and prognosis of ovarian cancer]. Ai Zheng; 2008 Dec;27(12):1331-6
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  • [Title] [Correlations of EGFR and LRP to chemotherapy resistance and prognosis of ovarian cancer].
  • BACKGROUND & OBJECTIVE: Abnormal expression and activation of epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR), which is closely related to the recurrence and poor prognosis of ovarian cancer, can promote chemotherapy resistance of tumor cells.
  • Lung resistance protein (LRP), a multidrug resistance protein causing platinum-resistance, is an independent factor in predicting chemotherapy sensitivity to ovarian cancer.
  • This study was to explore the correlations of EGFR and LRP to chemotherapy resistance and prognosis of ovarian cancer.
  • METHODS: Expressions of EGFR and LRP in 76 specimens of ovarian malignant tumor, nine borderline tumor, 17 benign tumor and 15 normal ovary were studied using immunohistochemistry.
  • Patients with ovarian cancer were followed up.
  • Correlations of EGFR and LRP to chemotherapy efficacy and survival time of patients with ovarian cancer after operation were analyzed.
  • RESULTS: The positive rates of EGFR and LRP in malignant specimens (73.68% and 71.79%) were significantly higher than those in normal and benign ones (P <0.01).
  • EGFR was highly expressed in ovarian cancer patients at late stage (III-IV), with poor differentiation and ascites (P <0.05).
  • The short-term efficacy rates of ovarian cancer were lower in patients with positive expressions of EGFR and LRP (57.14% and 53.70%) than in those with negative expressions (P<0.05).
  • The three-year survival rate of ovarian cancer patients was 53.00%.
  • CONCLUSION: The expression of EGFR and LRP could be used to predict chemotherapy resistance and prognosis of ovarian cancer.
  • [MeSH-major] Cystadenocarcinoma, Serous / metabolism. Drug Resistance, Neoplasm. Ovarian Neoplasms / metabolism. Receptor, Epidermal Growth Factor / metabolism. Vault Ribonucleoprotein Particles / metabolism
  • [MeSH-minor] Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols / therapeutic use. Cisplatin / administration & dosage. Cisplatin / pharmacology. Cystadenocarcinoma, Mucinous / drug therapy. Cystadenocarcinoma, Mucinous / metabolism. Cystadenocarcinoma, Mucinous / pathology. Cystadenoma, Mucinous / drug therapy. Cystadenoma, Mucinous / metabolism. Cystadenoma, Mucinous / pathology. Cystadenoma, Serous / drug therapy. Cystadenoma, Serous / metabolism. Cystadenoma, Serous / pathology. Female. Follow-Up Studies. Humans. Middle Aged. Neoplasm Staging. Survival Rate


26. Anderson NS, Bermudez Y, Badgwell D, Chen R, Nicosia SV, Bast RC Jr, Kruk PA: Urinary levels of Bcl-2 are elevated in ovarian cancer patients. Gynecol Oncol; 2009 Jan;112(1):60-7
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  • [Title] Urinary levels of Bcl-2 are elevated in ovarian cancer patients.
  • OBJECTIVE(S): The poor prognosis associated with ovarian cancer is due to the lack of overt early symptoms and the absence of reliable diagnostic screening methods.
  • Since many tumors overexpress anti-apoptotic proteins, the purpose of this study was to determine whether elevated levels of the anti-apoptotic protein Bcl-2 were present in urine from patients with ovarian cancer.
  • METHODS: Bcl-2 was assayed by ELISA in urine samples from two cohorts consisting of a total of 77 healthy women, 161 women with benign gynecologic disease and 150 women with ovarian cancer, 13 with early and 137 with late stage disease, respectively.
  • RESULTS: Urinary levels of Bcl-2 from healthy individuals or women with benign disease averaged 0.59 ng/ml+/-0.61 and 1.12 ng/ml+/-0.79, respectively.
  • In contrast, urinary levels of Bcl-2 averaged 2.60 ng/ml+/-2.23 and 3.58 ng/ml+/-1.55 from women with early (N=13) and late (N=137) stage ovarian cancer.
  • Further, urinary levels of Bcl-2 were elevated in ovarian cancer patients regardless of tumor grade, stage, size, histologic subtype, creatinine levels or patient age, but appeared to complement CA125 measurements.
  • CONCLUSION(S): Levels of Bcl-2 are elevated in the urine of patients with ovarian cancer and may be of diagnostic and/or prognostic clinical importance.
  • Further studies of urinary Bcl-2 as a biomarker for ovarian cancer alone or in combination with other markers are warranted.
  • [MeSH-major] Biomarkers, Tumor / urine. Ovarian Neoplasms / urine. Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-bcl-2 / urine
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Aged. Aged, 80 and over. CA-125 Antigen / blood. Cohort Studies. Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay. Female. Humans. Middle Aged. Neoplasm Staging. Risk Factors

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  • (PMID = 19007973.001).
  • [ISSN] 1095-6859
  • [Journal-full-title] Gynecologic oncology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Gynecol. Oncol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Grant] United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / P50 CA083639; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / P50 CA083639
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Biomarkers, Tumor; 0 / CA-125 Antigen; 0 / Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-bcl-2
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ NIHMS232262; NLM/ PMC3729448
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27. Noske A, Weichert W, Niesporek S, Röske A, Buckendahl AC, Koch I, Sehouli J, Dietel M, Denkert C: Expression of the nuclear export protein chromosomal region maintenance/exportin 1/Xpo1 is a prognostic factor in human ovarian cancer. Cancer; 2008 Apr 15;112(8):1733-43
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  • [Title] Expression of the nuclear export protein chromosomal region maintenance/exportin 1/Xpo1 is a prognostic factor in human ovarian cancer.
  • Whereas cell-biologic studies have suggested a fundamental role for CRM1 in the regulation of mitosis, the expression of this protein in human tumor tissue has not been investigated to date.
  • METHODS: In this study, the expression of CRM1 was analyzed in a cohort of 88 ovarian tumors and 12 ovarian cell lines for the first time to the authors' knowledge.
  • RESULTS: Immunohistochemistry revealed increased nuclear (52.7%) and cytoplasmic (56.8%) expression of CRM1 in 74 carcinomas compared with the expression revealed in borderline tumors and benign lesions.
  • Similarly, CRM1 expression was increased in ovarian cancer cell lines compared with human ovarian surface epithelial cells.
  • Cytoplasmic CRM1 expression was related significantly to advanced tumor stage (P= .043), poorly differentiated carcinomas (P= .011), and higher mitotic rate (P= .008).
  • CONCLUSIONS: The current results indicated that CRM1 is expressed in a subpopulation of ovarian carcinomas with aggressive behavior and is related to poor patient outcome.
  • A correlation also was demonstrated between CRM1 and COX-2 expression in ovarian cancer tissue.
  • Furthermore, the treatment of ovarian cancer cells with LMB revealed a reduction in COX-2 expression.
  • [MeSH-major] Karyopherins / analysis. Ovarian Neoplasms / pathology. Receptors, Cytoplasmic and Nuclear / analysis
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Aged. Aged, 80 and over. Antibiotics, Antineoplastic / therapeutic use. Apoptosis / drug effects. Carcinoma / pathology. Cell Line, Tumor. Cell Nucleus / ultrastructure. Cell Proliferation / drug effects. Cohort Studies. Cyclooxygenase 2 / analysis. Cytoplasm / ultrastructure. Epithelial Cells / pathology. Fatty Acids, Unsaturated / therapeutic use. Female. Gene Expression Regulation, Neoplastic / genetics. Humans. Interleukin-1beta / drug effects. Middle Aged. Mitosis / genetics. Neoplasm Staging. Prognosis. Survival Rate

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  • (PMID = 18306389.001).
  • [ISSN] 0008-543X
  • [Journal-full-title] Cancer
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Cancer
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Comparative Study; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Antibiotics, Antineoplastic; 0 / Fatty Acids, Unsaturated; 0 / Interleukin-1beta; 0 / Karyopherins; 0 / Receptors, Cytoplasmic and Nuclear; 0 / exportin 1 protein; 87081-35-4 / leptomycin B; EC 1.14.99.1 / Cyclooxygenase 2; EC 1.14.99.1 / PTGS2 protein, human
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28. Byrne JA, Balleine RL, Schoenberg Fejzo M, Mercieca J, Chiew YE, Livnat Y, St Heaps L, Peters GB, Byth K, Karlan BY, Slamon DJ, Harnett P, Defazio A: Tumor protein D52 (TPD52) is overexpressed and a gene amplification target in ovarian cancer. Int J Cancer; 2005 Dec 20;117(6):1049-54
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  • [Title] Tumor protein D52 (TPD52) is overexpressed and a gene amplification target in ovarian cancer.
  • Recurrent chromosome 8q gain in ovarian carcinoma is likely to reflect the existence of multiple target loci, as the separate gain of chromosome bands 8q21 and 8q24 has been reported in independent studies.
  • Since tumor protein D52 (TPD52) has been identified as a chromosome 8q21 amplification target in breast and prostate carcinoma, we compared TPD52 expression in normal ovarian epithelium (n = 9), benign serous adenomas (n = 11), serous borderline tumors (n = 6) and invasive carcinomas of the major histologic subtypes (n = 57) using immunohistochemistry.
  • These analyses revealed that all normal ovarian epithelium samples and benign serous tumors were predominantly TPD52-negative, whereas TPD52 was overexpressed in most (44/57; 77%) ovarian carcinomas regardless of histologic subtype.
  • TPD52 therefore represents a novel molecular marker in ovarian cancer, which is broadly expressed across the different histologic subtypes and whose upregulation frequently reflects increased TPD52 copy number.
  • [MeSH-major] Gene Amplification / genetics. Gene Expression. Neoplasm Proteins / genetics. Ovarian Neoplasms / genetics
  • [MeSH-minor] Biomarkers, Tumor / analysis. CA-125 Antigen / blood. Chromosomes, Human, Pair 8. Female. Humans. Immunohistochemistry. In Situ Hybridization, Fluorescence. Middle Aged. Ovary / chemistry

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  • [Copyright] Copyright 2005 Wiley-Liss, Inc
  • (PMID = 15986428.001).
  • [ISSN] 0020-7136
  • [Journal-full-title] International journal of cancer
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Int. J. Cancer
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Biomarkers, Tumor; 0 / CA-125 Antigen; 0 / Neoplasm Proteins; 0 / TPD52 protein, human
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29. Mui MP, Tam KF, Tam FK, Ngan HY: Coexistence of struma ovarii with marked ascites and elevated CA-125 levels: case report and literature review. Arch Gynecol Obstet; 2009 May;279(5):753-7
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  • INTRODUCTION: Struma ovarii is a rare form of ovarian neoplasm and consists mainly of thyroid tissue.
  • MATERIALS AND METHODS: We described a case of benign struma ovarii, presenting with the clinical features of ovarian cancer: large complex pelvic mass, gross ascites and markedly elevated serum CA-125 levels.
  • Surgical excision of the ovarian mass was followed by rapid resolution of the ascites and reduction of the serum CA-125 level.
  • CONCLUSION: Struma ovarii can mimic ovarian malignancy clinically, when presented with ascites and an elevated CA-125 level.
  • [MeSH-minor] Biomarkers, Tumor / blood. Female. Humans. Middle Aged. Ovarian Neoplasms / blood. Ovarian Neoplasms / complications. Ovarian Neoplasms / pathology

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  • (PMID = 18807056.001).
  • [ISSN] 1432-0711
  • [Journal-full-title] Archives of gynecology and obstetrics
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Arch. Gynecol. Obstet.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] Germany
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Biomarkers, Tumor; 0 / CA-125 Antigen
  • [Number-of-references] 23
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30. Xie D, Yang GF, Chen YQ, Jiang LF, Xiao LZ: [Significance and mechanisms of overexpression of PAK1 gene in epithelial ovarian neoplasms]. Zhonghua Zhong Liu Za Zhi; 2006 Dec;28(12):911-4
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  • [Title] [Significance and mechanisms of overexpression of PAK1 gene in epithelial ovarian neoplasms].
  • OBJECTIVE: To investigate the significance and mechanisms of overexpression of p21-activated kinase 1 gene (PAK1) in epithelial ovarian neoplasms.
  • METHODS: Immunohistochemistry, fluorescence in situ hybridization and terminal deoxynucleotidyl transferase-mediated dUTP nick end-labeling methods were used to examine the protein expression and amplification of PAK1 and cell apoptosis in 30 benign ovarian adenomas, 20 borderline tumors and 80 ovarian carcinomas by tissue microarray.
  • RESULTS: In immunohistochemistry study, overexpression of PAK1 protein was observed in 7 (25.9%) informative benign ovarian adenomas, 7 (36.8%) borderline tumors and 53 (68.8%) ovarian carcinomas.
  • A significant inverse correlation of PAK1 overexpression and cell apoptosis was observed in these epithelial ovarian neoplasm cohorts (P = 0.002).
  • In addition, 27/31 (87.1%) poorly differentiated (G3) carcinomas showed overexpression of PAK1, the frequency was significantly higher than that in tumors of G1 - G2 (26/46, 56.5% , P =0.01).
  • In fluorescence in situ hybridization study, only 2 (4.7%) informative ovarian carcinomas showed amplification of PAK1 gene.
  • None of the borderline and benign ovarian tumors showed PAK1 amplification.
  • CONCLUSION: Overexpression of PAK1 protein may be involved in the tumorigenesis of epithelial ovarian neoplasms and it is associated closely with the malignant histological phenotype of ovarian carcinomas.
  • Mechanism other than gene amplification of PAK1 may play a more important role in the regulation of protein expression of PAK1 in ovarian tumors.
  • [MeSH-major] Apoptosis. Cystadenocarcinoma, Serous / metabolism. Ovarian Neoplasms / pathology. p21-Activated Kinases / metabolism
  • [MeSH-minor] Adenoma / genetics. Adenoma / metabolism. Adenoma / pathology. Cystadenocarcinoma, Mucinous / genetics. Cystadenocarcinoma, Mucinous / metabolism. Cystadenocarcinoma, Mucinous / pathology. Female. Gene Amplification. Gene Expression Regulation, Neoplastic. Humans. Immunohistochemistry. In Situ Hybridization, Fluorescence. In Situ Nick-End Labeling. Middle Aged. Neoplasm Staging

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  • (PMID = 17533742.001).
  • [ISSN] 0253-3766
  • [Journal-full-title] Zhonghua zhong liu za zhi [Chinese journal of oncology]
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Zhonghua Zhong Liu Za Zhi
  • [Language] chi
  • [Publication-type] English Abstract; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] China
  • [Chemical-registry-number] EC 2.7.11.1 / PAK1 protein, human; EC 2.7.11.1 / p21-Activated Kinases
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31. Cankovic M, Gaba AR, Meier F, Kim W, Zarbo RJ: Detection of non-maternal components of gestational choriocarcinoma by PCR-based microsatellite DNA assay. Gynecol Oncol; 2006 Nov;103(2):614-7
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  • METHOD: Benign and malignant tissues, preserved in paraffin blocks and separated by microdissection, were examined using a commercial PCR-based tissue identity assay (ABI AmpFlSTR Profiler Plus Kit and ABI 377 DNA sequencer) to detect genetic profiles of 9 microsatellite markers, along with X and Y chromosome markers.
  • Controls included eight non-germ cell reproductive tract tumors and two hydatidiform moles.
  • The neoplasm previously classified as a non-gestational choriocarcinoma was demonstrated to be of maternal origin, as were the non-germ cell reproductive tract tumors.
  • [MeSH-major] Choriocarcinoma / genetics. Microsatellite Repeats / genetics. Polymerase Chain Reaction / methods. Uterine Neoplasms / genetics
  • [MeSH-minor] Alleles. Case-Control Studies. Choriocarcinoma, Non-gestational / genetics. DNA, Neoplasm / genetics. Fallopian Tube Neoplasms / genetics. Female. Humans. Lung Neoplasms / genetics. Ovarian Neoplasms / genetics. Pregnancy

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  • (PMID = 16740299.001).
  • [ISSN] 0090-8258
  • [Journal-full-title] Gynecologic oncology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Gynecol. Oncol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / DNA, Neoplasm
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32. Ma YX, Ye F, Chen HZ, Lü WG, Xie X: [Study of apoptosis and Fas expression of peritoneal fluid and peripheral blood T lymphocytes in patients with epithelial ovarian cancer and their relationship with CA125]. Zhonghua Yi Xue Za Zhi; 2007 Mar 20;87(11):734-9
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  • [Title] [Study of apoptosis and Fas expression of peritoneal fluid and peripheral blood T lymphocytes in patients with epithelial ovarian cancer and their relationship with CA125].
  • OBJECTIVE: To investigate the apoptosis and Fas (CD95) expression of T lymphocytes from the peripheral blood and peritoneal fluid of the patients with ovarian cancer and their relationship with CA125.
  • Peripheral blood samples were obtained from the following objects respectively: patients with stage III - IV ovarian cancer (n = 18) before and after treatment, patients with stage I - II ovarian cancer (n = 15), patients with benign ovarian tumor (n = 18), patients with Krukenberg tumor (n = 6) and normal control (n = 20).
  • Peritoneal fluids were obtained from all the patients with ovarian cancer, Krukenberg tumor and ten patients with benign ovarian tumor.
  • Level of serum CA125 of the patients with ovarian cancer was assessed.
  • RESULTS: In the patients with stage III - IV ovarian cancer, the apoptosis level of the peripheral blood T lymphocytes was 5.55 (3.57 - 9.62)%, significantly higher than those from the patients with stage I - II ovarian cancer, patients with benign ovarian tumor, controls (P < 0.008 in all instances) and the patients with stage III - IV ovarian cancer after treatment (P < 0.05).
  • The intensity of Fas expression of the peripheral blood T lymphocytes from the patients with stage III - IV ovarian cancer was 51 +/- 10, significantly higher than that from controls (P < 0.05).
  • In peritoneal fluid, the apoptosis rates of T lymphocytes, positive rate and intensity of Fas expression on T lymphocytes from patients with stage I - II and stage III - IV ovarian cancer were 17.41 (7.06 - 24.56)%, (57 +/- 16)%, (55 +/- 11)% and 34.06 (17.03 - 44.65)%, (66 +/- 12)%, (70 +/- 24)%, respectively, increased significantly compared with those from patients with benign ovarian tumor, which were 0.78 (0.67 - 1.44)%, (37 +/- 6)%, 43 +/- 6, respectively (P < 0.01 in all instances).
  • The apoptosis level and positive rate of Fas expression on peritoneal fluid T lymphocytes from patients with stage III - IV ovarian cancer were significantly higher than those from patients with Krukenberg tumor (P < 0.01).
  • There was a positive correlation between the serum CA125 level and the apoptosis level of peritoneal fluid T cell in the patients with stage I - II ovarian cancer (r = 0.77, P = 0.009).
  • For ovarian cancer, the apoptosis level of peritoneal fluid T lymphocytes from patients with the serum CA125 > 500 KU/L was higher than that from the patients with the serum CA125 < or = 500 KU/L (P = 0.009).
  • CONCLUSIONS:. (1) Extraordinarily increased apoptosis of T cells may play an important role in the development of systemic and celiac immunodeficiency in the patients with ovarian cancer.
  • In contrast with the patients with Krukenberg tumor, the patients with advanced ovarian cancer hare higher percentage of apoptotic peritoneal fluid T lymphocytes, which shows the particularity of local immunity defect. (2) For the patients with ovarian cancer, efficient treatment can decrease the percentage of apoptotic peripheral blood T lymphocytes. (3) The increased positive rate and intensity of Fas expression on peritoneal fluid T lymphocytes stressed the significance of Fas interference in the treatment of ovarian cancer. (4) Level of serum CA125 can reflect the celiac immunity defection in patients with ovarian cancer.
  • [MeSH-major] Antigens, CD95 / biosynthesis. Apoptosis. Ascitic Fluid / metabolism. CA-125 Antigen / biosynthesis. Ovarian Neoplasms / pathology. T-Lymphocytes / metabolism
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Fas Ligand Protein / biosynthesis. Female. Flow Cytometry. Humans. Middle Aged. Neoplasm Staging


33. Song T, Choi CH, Lee YY, Kim TJ, Lee JW, Bae DS, Kim BG: Pediatric borderline ovarian tumors: a retrospective analysis. J Pediatr Surg; 2010 Oct;45(10):1955-60
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  • [Title] Pediatric borderline ovarian tumors: a retrospective analysis.
  • BACKGROUND/PURPOSE: Borderline ovarian tumors (BOTs) are uncommon in the pediatric population, and there have been limited studies that have included a small number of patients.
  • RESULTS: Twenty-nine patients (median age, 18 years) had a large-sized tumor (median, 19.8 cm).
  • The permanent section histology revealed 25 mucinous (86.2%) and 4 serous type tumors (13.8%).
  • In 2 cases, the suspected recurrences were found to be other benign ovarian tumors.
  • In one case that was initially treated with left ovarian cystectomy for a mucinous BOT, subsequent left salpingo-oophorectomy confirmed recurrence of a mucinous BOT at 16-month follow-up.
  • The last case was a newly developed primary ovarian mucinous carcinoma with no evidence of recurrence of a previous mucinous BOT at 26-month follow-up.
  • [MeSH-major] Cystadenoma, Mucinous / pathology. Cystadenoma, Mucinous / surgery. Cystadenoma, Serous / pathology. Cystadenoma, Serous / surgery. Ovarian Neoplasms / pathology. Ovarian Neoplasms / surgery
  • [MeSH-minor] Adolescent. Adult. Age Factors. Child. Female. Humans. Infertility, Female / prevention & control. Ovariectomy / adverse effects. Ovariectomy / methods. Ovary / pathology. Ovary / surgery. Retrospective Studies. Salpingectomy / methods. Treatment Outcome. Tumor Burden

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  • [Copyright] Copyright © 2010 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
  • (PMID = 20920712.001).
  • [ISSN] 1531-5037
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of pediatric surgery
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Pediatr. Surg.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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34. Wang H, Rosen DG, Wang H, Fuller GN, Zhang W, Liu J: Insulin-like growth factor-binding protein 2 and 5 are differentially regulated in ovarian cancer of different histologic types. Mod Pathol; 2006 Sep;19(9):1149-56
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  • [Title] Insulin-like growth factor-binding protein 2 and 5 are differentially regulated in ovarian cancer of different histologic types.
  • Overexpression of IGFBP2 and IGFBP5 contributes to the invasiveness and progression of several human cancers, but their role and clinical significance in ovarian cancer has not been investigated in detail.
  • We examined IGFBP2 and IGFBP5 expression levels using two tissue microarrays, one containing six normal surface epithelium, six benign serous cysts, 10 serous borderline tumors, eight low-grade, and 20 high-grade serous carcinomas.
  • The other comprising 441 ovarian cancers of different histologic types linked to a clinicopathologic database.
  • Each tumor was sampled in duplicate with a 1.0-mm punch core needle.
  • IGFBP2 and IGFBP5 were overexpressed in high-grade serous carcinomas compared to normal surface epithelium, benign serous cysts, serous borderline tumors, or low-grade serous carcinoma.
  • They were differentially expressed in different types of ovarian carcinomas, being more often expressed at high levels in high-grade serous carcinoma, malignant mixed mullerian tumors and undifferentiated carcinoma, and more often expressed at low levels or not at all in clear cell and mucinous carcinomas.
  • We concluded that IGFBP2 and IGFBP5 might play a role in the development of high-grade ovarian serous carcinoma, but not in mucinous or clear cell ovarian carcinomas.
  • [MeSH-major] Carcinoma / metabolism. Insulin-Like Growth Factor Binding Protein 2 / metabolism. Insulin-Like Growth Factor Binding Protein 5 / metabolism. Ovarian Neoplasms / metabolism
  • [MeSH-minor] Adenocarcinoma, Clear Cell / metabolism. Adenocarcinoma, Clear Cell / mortality. Adenocarcinoma, Clear Cell / pathology. Adenocarcinoma, Mucinous / metabolism. Adenocarcinoma, Mucinous / mortality. Adenocarcinoma, Mucinous / pathology. Biomarkers, Tumor / metabolism. Carcinoma, Endometrioid / metabolism. Carcinoma, Endometrioid / mortality. Carcinoma, Endometrioid / pathology. Cystadenocarcinoma, Serous / metabolism. Cystadenocarcinoma, Serous / mortality. Cystadenocarcinoma, Serous / pathology. Female. Fluorescent Antibody Technique, Indirect. Humans. Image Processing, Computer-Assisted. Immunoenzyme Techniques. Neoplasm Staging. Survival Rate. Tissue Array Analysis

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  • [Copyright] Published online 26 May 2006.
  • (PMID = 16729015.001).
  • [ISSN] 0893-3952
  • [Journal-full-title] Modern pathology : an official journal of the United States and Canadian Academy of Pathology, Inc
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Mod. Pathol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Biomarkers, Tumor; 0 / Insulin-Like Growth Factor Binding Protein 2; 0 / Insulin-Like Growth Factor Binding Protein 5
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35. Mrochem J, Sodowski K, Deja R, Walaszek-Gruszka A, Wojcieszek A, Kołosza Z, Chmura A, Czernik E, Masłyk B, Bartnik W, Cnota W: [Evaluation of selected serum protein markers as early detectors of ovarian cancer]. Ginekol Pol; 2008 Apr;79(4):271-5
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  • [Title] [Evaluation of selected serum protein markers as early detectors of ovarian cancer].
  • OBJECTIVE: an attempt to determine the value of the simultaneous quantization of osteopontin (OPN), insulin-growth factor II (IGF II), leptin, prolactin and CA 125 for early detection of ovarian cancer.
  • MATERIALS AND METHODS: Prospective study of 69 women including: 15 females with ovarian cancer; 33 females with benign ovarian neoplasm; 21 disease-free females; The levels of IGF II, prolactin, leptin and CA 125 were determined in serum, while the level of OPN was checked in plasma.
  • RESULTS: The concentrations of IGF II, leptin and prolactin do not let us distinguish among disease-free females, females with ovarian cancer and those with benign ovarian neoplasms on the basis of biochemical markers.
  • The comparison of OPN and CA 125 levels showed significant differences in the concentrations of the biomarkers between disease-free females and females with ovarian cancer, as well as between females with benign ovarian neoplasms and females with ovarian cancer.
  • The ROC curves for two groups: disease-free females and females with ovarian cancer, proved the diagnostic value of OPN and CA 125.
  • CONCLUSIONS: The simultaneous quantization of OPN, IGF II leptin and prolactin has not been proved useful for the early detection of ovarian cancer.
  • Statistically significant increase of OPN & CA 125 levels was noted in case of women with ovarian cancer diagnosed through microscopic examination.
  • Quantization of OPN may have an additional value for treatment monitoring of women diagnosed with ovarian cancer but with concentration of CA 125 within the reference value.
  • [MeSH-major] Biomarkers, Tumor / blood. Ovarian Neoplasms / blood. Ovarian Neoplasms / diagnosis
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. CA-125 Antigen / blood. Early Diagnosis. Female. Humans. Insulin-Like Growth Factor II / analysis. Leptin / blood. Middle Aged. Osteopontin / blood. Poland. Prolactin / blood. Prospective Studies. ROC Curve. Reference Values. Sensitivity and Specificity

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  • (PMID = 18592865.001).
  • [ISSN] 0017-0011
  • [Journal-full-title] Ginekologia polska
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Ginekol. Pol.
  • [Language] pol
  • [Publication-type] Comparative Study; English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Poland
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Biomarkers, Tumor; 0 / CA-125 Antigen; 0 / IGF2 protein, human; 0 / Leptin; 106441-73-0 / Osteopontin; 67763-97-7 / Insulin-Like Growth Factor II; 9002-62-4 / Prolactin
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36. Steffensen KD, Waldstrøm M, Andersen RF, Olsen DA, Jeppesen U, Knudsen HJ, Brandslund I, Jakobsen A: Protein levels and gene expressions of the epidermal growth factor receptors, HER1, HER2, HER3 and HER4 in benign and malignant ovarian tumors. Int J Oncol; 2008 Jul;33(1):195-204
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  • [Title] Protein levels and gene expressions of the epidermal growth factor receptors, HER1, HER2, HER3 and HER4 in benign and malignant ovarian tumors.
  • The epidermal growth factor receptors, HER1, HER2, HER3 and HER4 play a key role in the growth of malignant tumors.
  • The receptors of the EGF receptor family are not cancer-specific proteins since these receptors are expressed to some extent in both normal and benign tissue, but this is not elucidated in detail in ovarian tissue.
  • High tumor-to-normal-tissue concentration ratios would be favorable for molecular targeted anti-cancer treatment.
  • The primary aim of the study was to analyze the potential differential protein content and gene expression of the four receptors in benign and malignant ovarian tumors.
  • Tissue from 207 patients (101 malignant, 19 borderline, 64 benign ovarian tumors and 23 normal ovaries) were analyzed by quantitative ELISA for HER1-HER4 protein concentrations and by real-time PCR for HER1-HER4 gene expression.
  • The HER2-4 receptor protein content and the median gene expression level was significantly higher in ovarian cancer patients compared to patients with benign ovarian tumors and normal ovaries (p<0.0000001).
  • The protein content of the HER1 receptor was significantly lower in ovarian cancer compared to borderline tumors (p=0.012), benign ovarian tumors (p=0.049) and to normal ovaries (p=0.000069).
  • In conclusion, decreased concentration of HER1 protein and increased HER2, HER3 and HER4 protein concentration were observed, as also elevated HER2-HER4 gene expression levels in ovarian cancer patients with barely any overlap of the HER3 and HER4 expression in malignant ovarian tumors compared to benign ovarian tissues.
  • [MeSH-major] Ovarian Neoplasms / chemistry. Receptor, Epidermal Growth Factor / analysis. Receptor, ErbB-2 / analysis. Receptor, ErbB-3 / analysis


37. Wang Y, Yang J, Gao Y, Zhao XL, Li HZ, Yao Z: [Relationship between raf kinase inhibitor protein and metastasis of ovarian carcinoma]. Zhonghua Fu Chan Ke Za Zhi; 2009 Jul;44(7):522-8
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  • [Title] [Relationship between raf kinase inhibitor protein and metastasis of ovarian carcinoma].
  • OBJECTIVE: To investigate the relationship between raf kinase inhibitor protein (RKIP), a novel metastasis suppressor gene, and metastasis of ovarian carcinoma.
  • METHODS: Immunohistochemistry, RT-PCR, and western blot analysis were performed to examine the expression of RKIP in clinical samples of ovarian tumors and five human ovarian carcinoma cell lines.
  • Stable cell lines over-expressed or deleted of RKIP were cloned to investigate the function of RKIP in ovarian cancer cells.
  • The recombinant plasmids expressing sense (ss) or antisense (as) RKIP cDNA or empty vector was transfected into ovarian cancer cell line SKOV3 by lipofectamine.
  • The expression level of mitogen-activated protein kinase/extracellular signal-regulated kinase kinase (MEK) and extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK) in ovarian cancer cells were detected by western blot analysis.
  • (1) The expression levels of RKIP protein in ovarian carcinoma tissues from patients were found to be reduced than those in ovarian benign tumor and borderline tumor.
  • SKOV3 clones stably expressing full-length recombinant ssRKIP, asRKIP, and their respective empty vector were obtained. (2) RKIP was able to block basal levels of MEK and ERK in ovarian cancer cells.
  • CONCLUSION: RKIP could inhibits the metastasis, but also the growth of ovarian cancer cells. patients were found to be reduced than those in ovarian benign tumor and borderline tumor.
  • SKOV3 clones stably expressing full-length recombinant ssRKIP, asRKIP, and their respective empty vector were obtained. (2) RKIP was able to block basal levels of MEK and ERK in ovarian cancer cells.
  • CONCLUSION: RKIP could inhibits the metastasis, but also the growth of ovarian cancer cells.
  • [MeSH-major] Extracellular Signal-Regulated MAP Kinases / metabolism. Mitogen-Activated Protein Kinase Kinases / metabolism. Ovarian Neoplasms / metabolism. Ovarian Neoplasms / pathology. Phosphatidylethanolamine Binding Protein / metabolism
  • [MeSH-minor] Adolescent. Adult. Aged. Cell Line, Tumor. Cell Proliferation. Female. Genes, Tumor Suppressor. Genetic Vectors. Humans. Immunohistochemistry. Middle Aged. Neoplasm Invasiveness. Neoplasm Metastasis. Phosphorylation. RNA, Messenger / genetics. RNA, Messenger / metabolism. Reverse Transcriptase Polymerase Chain Reaction. Transfection. Young Adult

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  • (PMID = 19957553.001).
  • [ISSN] 0529-567X
  • [Journal-full-title] Zhonghua fu chan ke za zhi
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Zhonghua Fu Chan Ke Za Zhi
  • [Language] chi
  • [Publication-type] English Abstract; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] China
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Phosphatidylethanolamine Binding Protein; 0 / RNA, Messenger; EC 2.7.11.24 / Extracellular Signal-Regulated MAP Kinases; EC 2.7.12.2 / Mitogen-Activated Protein Kinase Kinases
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38. Pylväs M, Puistola U, Kauppila S, Soini Y, Karihtala P: Oxidative stress-induced antioxidant enzyme expression is an early phenomenon in ovarian carcinogenesis. Eur J Cancer; 2010 Jun;46(9):1661-7
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  • [Title] Oxidative stress-induced antioxidant enzyme expression is an early phenomenon in ovarian carcinogenesis.
  • However, there is only some information about their role in ovarian carcinogenesis or in ovarian carcinomas in vivo.
  • We studied immunohistochemical nuclear and/or cytoplasmic expression of oxidative stress markers 8-hydroxydeoxyguanosine (8-OHdG) and nitrotyrosine, as well as major antioxidative enzymes peroxiredoxins (PRDX) I-VI and thioredoxin (TXN) in ovarian tumours.
  • The material consisted of 20 benign (10 serous, 10 mucinous) and 51 borderline (33 serous, 18 mucinous) epithelial ovarian tumours.
  • The markers of oxidative stress, 8-OHdG and nitrotyrosine, were seen already in benign tumours (in 20% and 45% of the tumours, respectively) and their expression patterns were similar in benign and borderline tumours.
  • The levels of PRDX II, III, IV, V and VI were significantly higher in borderline than in benign tumours (p<0.02 for all).
  • Specifically for PRDX II (for both nuclear and cytoplasmic expression, p<0.00005) and PRDX VI (for cytoplasmic expression, p=0.0003 and for nuclear expression, p=0.0005) the difference between benign and borderline tumours was remarkable.
  • In general, serous benign and borderline tumours expressed higher antioxidant enzyme levels than mucinous ones.
  • Nuclear TXN was expressed more strongly in benign than in borderline tumours (p=0.003).
  • Oxidative stress occurs already in benign ovarian tumours and the levels are comparable to borderline tumours.
  • However, some of the antioxidant enzymes, especially PRDX II and VI, are more profoundly induced in borderline ovarian tumours, reflecting their possible role as cancer preventers.
  • This difference could also offer a potential tool for differential diagnosis between benign and borderline epithelial ovarian tumours.
  • [MeSH-major] Antioxidants / metabolism. Neoplasm Proteins / metabolism. Ovarian Neoplasms / enzymology. Oxidative Stress / physiology
  • [MeSH-minor] Adenocarcinoma, Mucinous / enzymology. Biomarkers, Tumor / metabolism. Deoxyguanosine / analogs & derivatives. Deoxyguanosine / metabolism. Female. Humans. Immunohistochemistry. Peroxiredoxins / metabolism. Reactive Oxygen Species / metabolism. Thioredoxins / metabolism. Tyrosine / analogs & derivatives. Tyrosine / metabolism

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  • [Copyright] Copyright 2010 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
  • (PMID = 20206498.001).
  • [ISSN] 1879-0852
  • [Journal-full-title] European journal of cancer (Oxford, England : 1990)
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Eur. J. Cancer
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Antioxidants; 0 / Biomarkers, Tumor; 0 / Neoplasm Proteins; 0 / Reactive Oxygen Species; 3604-79-3 / 3-nitrotyrosine; 42HK56048U / Tyrosine; 52500-60-4 / Thioredoxins; 88847-89-6 / 8-oxo-7-hydrodeoxyguanosine; EC 1.11.1.15 / Peroxiredoxins; G9481N71RO / Deoxyguanosine
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39. Bandiera E, Zanotti L, Bignotti E, Romani C, Tassi R, Todeschini P, Tognon G, Ragnoli M, Santin AD, Gion M, Pecorelli S, Ravaggi A: Human kallikrein 5: an interesting novel biomarker in ovarian cancer patients that elicits humoral response. Int J Gynecol Cancer; 2009 Aug;19(6):1015-21
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  • [Title] Human kallikrein 5: an interesting novel biomarker in ovarian cancer patients that elicits humoral response.
  • INTRODUCTION: Kallikrein-related peptidases are secreted serine proteases that exert stimulatory or inhibitory effects on tumor progression.
  • A recent study demonstrated that kallikrein-related peptidase 5 (KLK5) concentration is elevated in serum of patients with ovarian carcinoma.
  • At the moment, the presence of KLK5 in other ovarian pathological lesions is not clearly determined.
  • METHODS: In this study, we examined KLK5 levels and antibody (IgG and IgM) response to KLK5 in the serum of 50 healthy women, 50 patients with benign pelvic masses, 17 patients with ovarian borderline tumors, and 50 patients with ovarian carcinomas, using 3 enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay tests available in-house.
  • RESULTS: At 95% specificity on healthy controls, 52% of patients with ovarian carcinoma showed high serum KLK5 (sKLK5) levels, whereas patients with benign pathological lesions or borderline tumors showed almost undetectable sKLK5 levels.
  • Moreover, sKLK5 levels were positively associated to International Federation of Gynaecologists and Obstetricians stage suggesting a possible role of sKLK5 in ovarian cancer progression.
  • Our results about humoral response showed elevated levels of KLK5-specific antibodies in 20% of patients with benign masses, 26% of patients with borderline tumors, and 36% of patients with ovarian carcinomas when compared with healthy controls.
  • CONCLUSIONS: In conclusion, our results showed that KLK5 is a potential new biomarker to be used in combination with other biomarkers for ovarian cancer detection.
  • [MeSH-major] Carcinoma / immunology. Immunity, Humoral. Kallikreins / blood. Kallikreins / immunology. Ovarian Neoplasms / immunology
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Aged. Aged, 80 and over. Antibodies, Neoplasm / analysis. Antibodies, Neoplasm / blood. Biomarkers, Tumor / blood. Biomarkers, Tumor / immunology. Case-Control Studies. Female. Humans. Immunoassay / methods. Middle Aged. ROC Curve. Retrospective Studies. Sensitivity and Specificity. Young Adult

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  • (PMID = 19820362.001).
  • [ISSN] 1525-1438
  • [Journal-full-title] International journal of gynecological cancer : official journal of the International Gynecological Cancer Society
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Int. J. Gynecol. Cancer
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Evaluation Studies; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Antibodies, Neoplasm; 0 / Biomarkers, Tumor; EC 3.4.21.- / Kallikreins; EC 3.4.21.- / kallikrein 5, human
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40. Dowdy SC, Mariani A, Reinholz MM, Keeney GL, Spelsberg TC, Podratz KC, Janknecht R: Overexpression of the TGF-beta antagonist Smad7 in endometrial cancer. Gynecol Oncol; 2005 Feb;96(2):368-73
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  • OBJECTIVE: We have shown that HER2/Neu may activate the Smad7 promoter in endometrial, ovarian, and breast cancer cell lines.
  • Elevated Smad7 levels could then antagonize the TGF-beta pathway, leading to a reduction in tumor surveillance and potential cancer formation.
  • Our aim was to determine if Smad7 was in fact overexpressed in endometrial cancers and whether Smad7 RNA levels correlated with tumor grade or clinical endpoints.
  • Additionally, the endometrium from 18 patients who underwent hysterectomy for benign indications was collected as a control.
  • RESULTS: Smad7 transcripts in the tumors were over 11-fold elevated on average than in controls (P < 0.001).
  • There was no significant difference in Smad7 RNA between grades 1 and 3 tumors.
  • Given that many endometrial cancers have been shown to be TGF-beta-unresponsive, Smad7 should be investigated as a potential target to restore TGF-beta responsiveness and limit tumor growth.
  • [MeSH-major] DNA-Binding Proteins / biosynthesis. Endometrial Neoplasms / metabolism. Trans-Activators / biosynthesis. Transforming Growth Factor beta / antagonists & inhibitors
  • [MeSH-minor] Cytoskeletal Proteins / biosynthesis. Female. Gene Expression. Humans. Middle Aged. Phosphorylation. RNA, Neoplasm / genetics. RNA, Neoplasm / metabolism. Receptor, ErbB-2 / biosynthesis. Smad2 Protein. Smad3 Protein. Smad7 Protein. beta Catenin

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  • (PMID = 15661223.001).
  • [ISSN] 0090-8258
  • [Journal-full-title] Gynecologic oncology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Gynecol. Oncol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Grant] United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / R01 CA085257; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / CA 085257
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / CTNNB1 protein, human; 0 / Cytoskeletal Proteins; 0 / DNA-Binding Proteins; 0 / RNA, Neoplasm; 0 / SMAD2 protein, human; 0 / SMAD3 protein, human; 0 / SMAD7 protein, human; 0 / Smad2 Protein; 0 / Smad3 Protein; 0 / Smad7 Protein; 0 / Trans-Activators; 0 / Transforming Growth Factor beta; 0 / beta Catenin; EC 2.7.10.1 / Receptor, ErbB-2
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41. Medeiros LR, Stein AT, Fachel J, Garry R, Furness S: Laparoscopy versus laparotomy for benign ovarian tumor: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Int J Gynecol Cancer; 2008 May-Jun;18(3):387-99
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  • [Title] Laparoscopy versus laparotomy for benign ovarian tumor: a systematic review and meta-analysis.
  • To determine the efficacy, safety, and cost of laparoscopic surgery compared with laparotomy in women with ovarian tumors assumed to be benign.
  • [MeSH-major] Laparoscopy / methods. Laparotomy / methods. Ovarian Neoplasms / pathology. Ovarian Neoplasms / surgery. Ovariectomy / methods
  • [MeSH-minor] Aged. Biopsy, Needle. Cost-Benefit Analysis. Diagnosis, Differential. Female. Follow-Up Studies. Humans. Immunohistochemistry. Length of Stay. Middle Aged. Pain, Postoperative / physiopathology. Randomized Controlled Trials as Topic. Risk Assessment. Survival Rate. Treatment Outcome. United States

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  • (PMID = 17692084.001).
  • [ISSN] 1525-1438
  • [Journal-full-title] International journal of gynecological cancer : official journal of the International Gynecological Cancer Society
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Int. J. Gynecol. Cancer
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Meta-Analysis; Review
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Number-of-references] 38
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42. Brustmann H: Immunohistochemical detection of human telomerase reverse transcriptase (hTERT) and c-kit in serous ovarian carcinoma: a clinicopathologic study. Gynecol Oncol; 2005 Sep;98(3):396-402
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  • [Title] Immunohistochemical detection of human telomerase reverse transcriptase (hTERT) and c-kit in serous ovarian carcinoma: a clinicopathologic study.
  • OBJECTIVE: This study investigated the expression of human telomerase reverse transcriptase (hTERT) and c-kit in a cohort of serous ovarian carcinomas by immunohistochemistry with regard to outcome and clinicopathologic variables.
  • METHODS: Formalin-fixed, paraffin-embedded archival tissue sections of 10 benign serous cystadenomas, 10 serous neoplasms of low malignant potential (LMP), and 41 serous ovarian carcinomas were immunostained with antibodies to hTERT and c-kit.
  • CONCLUSIONS: hTERT and c-kit are frequently up-regulated in serous ovarian carcinomas; c-kit immunoexpression may serve as a marker of aggressive behavior in high stage tumors.
  • [MeSH-major] Biomarkers, Tumor / biosynthesis. Cystadenocarcinoma, Serous / enzymology. DNA-Binding Proteins / biosynthesis. Ovarian Neoplasms / enzymology. Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-kit / biosynthesis. Telomerase / biosynthesis
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Aged. Aged, 80 and over. Cell Growth Processes / physiology. Female. Humans. Immunohistochemistry. Middle Aged. Mitosis / physiology. Neoplasm Staging. Prognosis. Survival Rate

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  • (PMID = 16005054.001).
  • [ISSN] 0090-8258
  • [Journal-full-title] Gynecologic oncology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Gynecol. Oncol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Biomarkers, Tumor; 0 / DNA-Binding Proteins; EC 2.7.10.1 / Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-kit; EC 2.7.7.49 / Telomerase
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43. Ota K, Ito K, Akahira J, Sato N, Onogawa T, Moriya T, Unno M, Abe T, Niikura H, Takano T, Yaegashi N: Expression of organic cation transporter SLC22A16 in human epithelial ovarian cancer: a possible role of the adriamycin importer. Int J Gynecol Pathol; 2007 Jul;26(3):334-40
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  • [Title] Expression of organic cation transporter SLC22A16 in human epithelial ovarian cancer: a possible role of the adriamycin importer.
  • Adriamycin is considered to be an active agent for ovarian cancer.
  • Recently, the benefit of adding adriamycin to the current standard regimen, paclitaxel and platinum, is evaluated to improve the outcome of patients with ovarian cancer.
  • Therefore, we examined the expression of SLC22A16 in ovarian cancers.
  • Twelve ovarian carcinoma cell lines were used for immunoblotting and reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction to confirm the expression of SLC22A16 mRNA and protein.
  • Five normal ovaries, 12 ovarian adenomas, and 94 ovarian cancer cases were obtained from patients after surgical therapy.
  • The SLC22A16 immunoreactivity was detected in 15 (16%) of 94 epithelial ovarian cancer, 1 (8.3%) of 12 benign adenomas, but 0 (0%) of 5 normal ovary cases.
  • In ovarian cancer tissues, SLC22A16 immunoreactivity was detected in 2 (5%) of 38 serous adenocarcinoma, 1 (6.7%) of 15 endometrioid adenocarcinoma, 0 (0%) of 14 mucinous adenocarcinoma, and 12 (46.2%) of 26 clear-cell adenocarcinoma (P < 0.0001, clear-cell vs other histologies).
  • [MeSH-major] Adenocarcinoma, Clear Cell / metabolism. Antibiotics, Antineoplastic / pharmacokinetics. Doxorubicin / pharmacokinetics. Organic Cation Transport Proteins / biosynthesis. Ovarian Neoplasms / metabolism
  • [MeSH-minor] Blotting, Western. Cell Line, Tumor. Female. Humans. Immunohistochemistry. RNA, Neoplasm / chemistry. RNA, Neoplasm / genetics. Retrospective Studies. Reverse Transcriptase Polymerase Chain Reaction


44. Ylisaukko-oja SK, Cybulski C, Lehtonen R, Kiuru M, Matyjasik J, Szymañska A, Szymañska-Pasternak J, Dyrskjot L, Butzow R, Orntoft TF, Launonen V, Lubiñski J, Aaltonen LA: Germline fumarate hydratase mutations in patients with ovarian mucinous cystadenoma. Eur J Hum Genet; 2006 Jul;14(7):880-3
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  • [Title] Germline fumarate hydratase mutations in patients with ovarian mucinous cystadenoma.
  • HLRCC is characterized by benign leiomyomas of the skin and the uterus, renal cell carcinoma, and uterine leiomyosarcoma.
  • The aim of this study was to identify new families with FH mutations, and to further examine the tumor spectrum associated with FH mutations.
  • FH germline mutations were screened from 89 patients with RCC, skin leiomyomas or ovarian tumors.
  • Subsequently, 13 ovarian and 48 bladder carcinomas were analyzed for somatic FH mutations.
  • Two patients diagnosed with ovarian mucinous cystadenoma (two out of 33, 6%) were found to be FH germline mutation carriers.
  • These results suggest that benign ovarian tumors may be associated with HLRCC.
  • [MeSH-major] Cystadenoma, Mucinous / genetics. Fumarate Hydratase / genetics. Germ-Line Mutation. Neoplastic Syndromes, Hereditary / genetics. Ovarian Neoplasms / genetics
  • [MeSH-minor] Carcinoma, Renal Cell / genetics. Cystadenocarcinoma, Mucinous / genetics. Female. Genes, Dominant. Humans. Kidney Neoplasms / genetics. Leiomyoma / genetics. Male. Neoplasms / genetics. Skin Neoplasms / genetics. Urinary Bladder Neoplasms / genetics

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  • (PMID = 16639410.001).
  • [ISSN] 1018-4813
  • [Journal-full-title] European journal of human genetics : EJHG
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Eur. J. Hum. Genet.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Chemical-registry-number] EC 4.2.1.2 / Fumarate Hydratase
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45. Drukier AK, Ossetrova N, Schors E, Krasik G, Grigoriev I, Koenig C, Sulkowski M, Holcman J, Brown LR, Tomaszewski JE, Schnall MD, Sainsbury R, Lokshin AE, Godovac-Zimmermann J: High-sensitivity blood-based detection of breast cancer by multi photon detection diagnostic proteomics. J Proteome Res; 2006 Aug;5(8):1906-15
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  • Pilot studies indicate that this methodology may also allow differentiation of malignant breast cancer from benign lesions and can provide similar sensitivity and specificity for other epithelial cancers such as prostate cancer, ovarian cancer and melanoma.
  • [MeSH-major] Biomarkers, Tumor / blood. Blood. Breast Neoplasms. Neoplasm Proteins / analysis. Photons. Proteomics / methods
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Aged. Aged, 80 and over. Female. Humans. Immunoassay / methods. Interleukin-6 / blood. Interleukin-8 / blood. Middle Aged. Prostate-Specific Antigen / blood. Sensitivity and Specificity. Statistics as Topic. Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha / blood. Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor A / blood

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  • (PMID = 16889412.001).
  • [ISSN] 1535-3893
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of proteome research
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Proteome Res.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Biomarkers, Tumor; 0 / Interleukin-6; 0 / Interleukin-8; 0 / Neoplasm Proteins; 0 / Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha; 0 / Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor A; EC 3.4.21.77 / Prostate-Specific Antigen
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46. Hu CJ, Zhang F, Chen YJ, Sun XM, Zheng JF: [Correlation of hK6 expression with clinicopathological features and prognosis in epithelial ovarian cancer]. Zhonghua Zhong Liu Za Zhi; 2009 Jul;31(7):520-3
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  • [Title] [Correlation of hK6 expression with clinicopathological features and prognosis in epithelial ovarian cancer].
  • OBJECTIVE: To approach the relationship between the expression of hK6 in ovarian neoplasm and clinicopathological variables and prognosis in ovarian cancer patients for finding a new tumor marker of the ovarian cancer.
  • METHODS: The expression of hK6 was detected by immunohistochemistry in 19 cases of benign, 11 cases of borderline and 45 cases of malignant ovarian neoplasms and statistically analyzed whether its expression correlate with clinicopathological variables and prognosis in patients with ovarian cancer.
  • RESULTS: The expression of hK6 in ovarian cancer tissues (60.0%) was significantly higher than that in the benign (15.8%) and borderline (27.3%) ovarian neoplasm tissues (P < 0.01).
  • The expression of hK6 in higher-grade ovarian cancer tissues (68.4% ) was higher than that in low-grade ones (14.3%, P < 0.05).
  • CONCLUSION: The expression of hK6 in ovarian cancer was higher than that in benign and borderline ovarian neoplasms.
  • The expression of hK6 is higher in the ovarian cancer of late stage, higher-grade, with lymph node metastasis and is associated with a poorer prognosis. hK6 may become a new markers in prediction of prognosis of the patients with ovarian tumors.
  • [MeSH-major] Biomarkers, Tumor / metabolism. Cystadenocarcinoma, Mucinous / metabolism. Cystadenocarcinoma, Serous / metabolism. Kallikreins / metabolism. Ovarian Neoplasms / metabolism
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Aged. Carcinoma, Endometrioid / metabolism. Carcinoma, Endometrioid / pathology. Cystadenoma, Mucinous / metabolism. Cystadenoma, Mucinous / pathology. Cystadenoma, Serous / metabolism. Cystadenoma, Serous / pathology. Female. Humans. Lymphatic Metastasis. Middle Aged. Neoplasm Recurrence, Local. Neoplasm Staging. Prognosis. Young Adult

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  • (PMID = 19950700.001).
  • [ISSN] 0253-3766
  • [Journal-full-title] Zhonghua zhong liu za zhi [Chinese journal of oncology]
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Zhonghua Zhong Liu Za Zhi
  • [Language] chi
  • [Publication-type] English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] China
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Biomarkers, Tumor; EC 3.4.21.- / KLK6 protein, human; EC 3.4.21.- / Kallikreins
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47. Cho EY, Choi Y, Chae SW, Sohn JH, Ahn GH: Immunohistochemical study of the expression of adhesion molecules in ovarian serous neoplasms. Pathol Int; 2006 Feb;56(2):62-70
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  • [Title] Immunohistochemical study of the expression of adhesion molecules in ovarian serous neoplasms.
  • To clarify possible roles of adhesion molecules including E-cadherin, beta- and gamma-catenin, CD44s, CD44v6, CD56, and CD99 in ovarian serous neoplasms, an immunohistochemical study was undertaken for 23 benign, 40 borderline, and 95 malignant ovarian serous neoplasms using tissue microarray (TMA).
  • Significantly reduced expression of E-cadherin, and overexpression of CD44s, CD56, and CD99 were more frequently observed in adenocarcinomas than in benign and borderline tumors.
  • Expression of CD44v6 and nuclear beta- and gamma-catenin were detected only in borderline tumors and adenocarcinomas.
  • Reduced expression of E-cadherin was also correlated with high tumor grade (P=0.03), presence of peritoneal seeding (P=0.03), and low overall survival rate (P=0.02).
  • Overexpression of CD44s was significantly associated with high tumor grade (P=0.04), advanced stage (P=0.03), and low overall survival rate (P=0.02).
  • Nuclear staining for gamma-catenin was correlated with tumor progression (P=0.004) and advanced International Federation of Gynecology and Obstetrics (FIGO) stage (P=0.02).
  • These results suggest that although E-cadherin, CD44s, CD56, and nuclear gamma-catenin immuno-expression seem to be useful prognostic markers for serous neoplasm of the ovary, CD44s expression and FIGO stage are independent prognostic factors.
  • [MeSH-major] Cell Adhesion Molecules / analysis. Neoplasms, Cystic, Mucinous, and Serous / chemistry. Neoplasms, Cystic, Mucinous, and Serous / pathology. Ovarian Neoplasms / chemistry. Ovarian Neoplasms / pathology
  • [MeSH-minor] Antigens, CD / analysis. Antigens, CD44 / analysis. Antigens, CD56 / analysis. Cadherins / analysis. Female. Glycoproteins / analysis. Humans. Immunohistochemistry. Neoplasm Staging. Prognosis. Survival Analysis. gamma Catenin / analysis

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  • (PMID = 16445817.001).
  • [ISSN] 1320-5463
  • [Journal-full-title] Pathology international
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Pathol. Int.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] Australia
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Antigens, CD; 0 / Antigens, CD44; 0 / Antigens, CD56; 0 / CD44S antigen; 0 / CD44v6 antigen; 0 / CD99 protein, human; 0 / Cadherins; 0 / Cell Adhesion Molecules; 0 / Glycoproteins; 0 / gamma Catenin
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48. Moodley M, Bramdev A: Frozen section: Its role in gynaecological oncology. J Obstet Gynaecol; 2005 Oct;25(7):629-34
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  • Frozen section allows intraoperative evaluation to distinguish benign from malignant tumors in order to tailor the extent of surgery necessary.
  • Frozen section diagnosis in gynaecological oncology is sufficiently sensitive and specific for clinical use.
  • Deferred diagnoses or incompatible frozen section diagnosis is usually due to technical limitations especially for the mucinous ovarian tumors.
  • This review summarises the available literature on the accuracy, limitations and role of frozen section for individual gynaecological tumors.
  • [MeSH-major] Frozen Sections / methods. Genital Neoplasms, Female / pathology. Neoplasm Invasiveness / pathology
  • [MeSH-minor] Diagnosis, Differential. Endometrial Neoplasms / pathology. Endometrial Neoplasms / surgery. False Negative Reactions. False Positive Reactions. Female. Humans. Ovarian Neoplasms / pathology. Ovarian Neoplasms / surgery. Sensitivity and Specificity. Uterine Cervical Neoplasms / pathology. Uterine Cervical Neoplasms / surgery

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  • (PMID = 16263532.001).
  • [ISSN] 0144-3615
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of obstetrics and gynaecology : the journal of the Institute of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Obstet Gynaecol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Comparative Study; Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Number-of-references] 52
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49. Korczyiński J, Gottwald L, Pasz-Walczak G, Kubiak R, Bieńkiewicz A: [Sclerosing stromal tumor of the ovary in a 30-year-old woman. A case report and review of the literature]. Ginekol Pol; 2005 Jun;76(6):471-5
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  • [Title] [Sclerosing stromal tumor of the ovary in a 30-year-old woman. A case report and review of the literature].
  • Sclerosing stromal tumor of the ovary (SST) is an extremely rare neoplasm occurring predominantly in the second and third decades of life.
  • It is a distinct benign neoplasm that differs from fibromas, thecomas, luteinized tumors and lipoid cell tumors.
  • During surgery, a benign tumor was found in the right ovary.
  • Light microscopic and ultrastructural study confirmed the diagnosis of sclerosing stromal tumor of the ovary.
  • [MeSH-major] Ovarian Neoplasms / pathology. Ovarian Neoplasms / surgery. Sex Cord-Gonadal Stromal Tumors / pathology. Sex Cord-Gonadal Stromal Tumors / surgery

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  • (PMID = 16149265.001).
  • [ISSN] 0017-0011
  • [Journal-full-title] Ginekologia polska
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Ginekol. Pol.
  • [Language] pol
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] Poland
  • [Number-of-references] 13
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50. Pan Y, Jiao J, Zhou C, Cheng Q, Hu Y, Chen H: Nanog is highly expressed in ovarian serous cystadenocarcinoma and correlated with clinical stage and pathological grade. Pathobiology; 2010;77(6):283-8
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  • [Title] Nanog is highly expressed in ovarian serous cystadenocarcinoma and correlated with clinical stage and pathological grade.
  • We investigated whether the Nanog expression is associated with the occurrence and development of ovarian cancer.
  • METHODS: Immunohistochemistry was used to examine the expression of Nanog in 43 normal ovarian epithelia, 110 serous cystadenomas, 80 borderline serous cystadenomas, and 107 serous cystadenocarcinomas.
  • RESULTS: The expression intensity of Nanog in normal ovarian tissue, benign, borderline, and malignant tumors showed a gradual rising trend.
  • CONCLUSIONS: Nanog was highly expressed in ovarian serous cystadenocarcinoma, and showed a positive correlation with clinical stage and grade.
  • Nanog may play an important role in the development of dedifferentiation and progression of serous ovarian carcinoma.
  • [MeSH-major] Cystadenocarcinoma, Serous / metabolism. Cystadenocarcinoma, Serous / pathology. Homeodomain Proteins / metabolism. Ovarian Neoplasms / metabolism. Ovarian Neoplasms / pathology
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Cell Dedifferentiation. Cystadenoma, Serous / metabolism. Cystadenoma, Serous / pathology. Female. Humans. Immunohistochemistry. Middle Aged. Neoplasm Staging. Ovary / metabolism

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  • [Copyright] Copyright © 2011 S. Karger AG, Basel.
  • (PMID = 21266826.001).
  • [ISSN] 1423-0291
  • [Journal-full-title] Pathobiology : journal of immunopathology, molecular and cellular biology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Pathobiology
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] Switzerland
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Homeodomain Proteins; 0 / NANOG protein, human
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51. De Backer A, Madern GC, Oosterhuis JW, Hakvoort-Cammel FG, Hazebroek FW: Ovarian germ cell tumors in children: a clinical study of 66 patients. Pediatr Blood Cancer; 2006 Apr;46(4):459-64
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  • [Title] Ovarian germ cell tumors in children: a clinical study of 66 patients.
  • BACKGROUND: Ovarian germ cell tumors are rare in childhood.
  • The aim of this study is to review clinical presentation, management, and outcome in a two-center series of girls with ovarian germ cell tumor.
  • PROCEDURE: The records of 66 patients (median age 9 years) with histologically proven ovarian germ cell tumor (either benign or malignant), treated over a 44-year-span, were reviewed.
  • The tumors were right-sided in 35, left-sided in 28, and bilateral in 3.
  • Sixteen patients had an emergency operation for tumor torsion.
  • Unilateral salpingo-oophorectomy was the most frequently performed procedure (n = 46), and ovarian-sparing tumorectomy was performed in 9 patients (one bilaterally).
  • Histologically, teratomas were found most frequently (mature: 45, immature: 9), followed by mixed tumors (n = 7), yolk sac tumors (n = 3), dysgerminoma (n = 2), gonadoblastoma (n = 2), and embryonal carcinoma (n = 1).
  • Surgical removal of the tumor with or without the ovary and/or adnex was the sole treatment in 55 patients, chemotherapy was administered in 10 and radiotherapy + chemotherapy in one.
  • CONCLUSIONS: With a recurrence rate of 4.5% and a mortality rate of 3%, this series confirms the excellent prognosis for girls with ovarian germ cell tumor (GCT).
  • [MeSH-major] Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols / therapeutic use. Neoplasms, Germ Cell and Embryonal / drug therapy. Ovarian Neoplasms / drug therapy
  • [MeSH-minor] Adolescent. Child. Child, Preschool. Female. Humans. Infant. Infant, Newborn. Magnetic Resonance Imaging. Neoplasm Staging. Tomography, X-Ray Computed. Treatment Outcome

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  • (PMID = 16206211.001).
  • [ISSN] 1545-5009
  • [Journal-full-title] Pediatric blood & cancer
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Pediatr Blood Cancer
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Multicenter Study
  • [Publication-country] United States
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52. Moszynski R, Szpurek D, Smolen A, Sajdak S: Comparison of diagnostic usefulness of predictive models in preliminary differentiation of adnexal masses. Int J Gynecol Cancer; 2006 Jan-Feb;16(1):45-51
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  • The purpose of this study was to compare prognostic models evaluating the probability of an ovarian cancer occurrence based on a number of clinical and ultrasonographic data in women with adnexal masses.
  • The results indicate that 431 and 255 patients had a benign and malignant ovarian tumor, respectively.
  • [MeSH-major] Carcinoma / pathology. Carcinoma / ultrasonography. Neural Networks (Computer). Ovarian Neoplasms / pathology. Ovarian Neoplasms / ultrasonography
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Age Factors. Aged. Diagnosis, Differential. Early Diagnosis. Female. Humans. Logistic Models. Middle Aged. Neoplasm Staging. Predictive Value of Tests. Prognosis. ROC Curve. Risk Factors. Sensitivity and Specificity. Survival Rate

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  • [CommentIn] Int J Gynecol Cancer. 2007 Mar-Apr;17(2):543; author reply 544 [17309566.001]
  • (PMID = 16445609.001).
  • [ISSN] 1048-891X
  • [Journal-full-title] International journal of gynecological cancer : official journal of the International Gynecological Cancer Society
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Int. J. Gynecol. Cancer
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Comparative Study; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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53. Booth SJ, Pickles MD, Turnbull LW: In vivo magnetic resonance spectroscopy of gynaecological tumours at 3.0 Tesla. BJOG; 2009 Jan;116(2):300-3
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  • OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to determine whether in vivo proton MRS could be performed at the higher magnetic field strength of 3 T to characterise the spectra of a variety of benign and malignant gynaecological lesions.
  • RESULTS: Eighty-seven women underwent MRS, 57 of whom had newly diagnosed neoplasms.
  • Overall, choline was present in 13 of the 14 ovarian cancers, 8 of the 11 cervical tumours and all 4 of the uterine cancers.
  • There was no statistical significant difference between choline levels in various lesion types (P=0.735) or between benign and malignant disease (P=0.550).
  • [MeSH-major] Biomarkers, Tumor / analysis. Choline / analysis. Genital Neoplasms, Female / chemistry. Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy / methods. Neoplasm Recurrence, Local / chemistry. Neoplasm Recurrence, Local / diagnosis
  • [MeSH-minor] Female. Humans. Lipids / analysis. Ovarian Neoplasms / chemistry. Ovarian Neoplasms / diagnosis. Prospective Studies. Sensitivity and Specificity. Uterine Cervical Neoplasms / chemistry. Uterine Cervical Neoplasms / diagnosis. Uterine Neoplasms / chemistry. Uterine Neoplasms / diagnosis. Vulvar Neoplasms / chemistry. Vulvar Neoplasms / diagnosis

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  • (PMID = 19076962.001).
  • [ISSN] 1471-0528
  • [Journal-full-title] BJOG : an international journal of obstetrics and gynaecology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] BJOG
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Biomarkers, Tumor; 0 / Lipids; N91BDP6H0X / Choline
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54. Moore RG, Jabre-Raughley M, Brown AK, Robison KM, Miller MC, Allard WJ, Kurman RJ, Bast RC, Skates SJ: Comparison of a novel multiple marker assay vs the Risk of Malignancy Index for the prediction of epithelial ovarian cancer in patients with a pelvic mass. Am J Obstet Gynecol; 2010 Sep;203(3):228.e1-6
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  • [Title] Comparison of a novel multiple marker assay vs the Risk of Malignancy Index for the prediction of epithelial ovarian cancer in patients with a pelvic mass.
  • OBJECTIVE: We sought to compare the Risk of Malignancy Index (RMI) to the Risk of Ovarian Malignancy Algorithm (ROMA) to predict epithelial ovarian cancer (EOC) in women with a pelvic mass.
  • RESULTS: At a set specificity of 75%, ROMA had a sensitivity of 94.3% and RMI had a sensitivity of 84.6% for distinguishing benign status from EOC (P = .0029).
  • [MeSH-major] Neoplasms, Glandular and Epithelial / diagnosis. Ovarian Neoplasms / diagnosis. Risk Assessment
  • [MeSH-minor] Algorithms. Biomarkers, Tumor / blood. CA-125 Antigen / blood. Diagnostic Imaging. Epididymal Secretory Proteins / analysis. Female. Humans. Lymphatic Metastasis. Membrane Proteins / blood. Menopause. Neoplasm Staging. ROC Curve. Sensitivity and Specificity. beta-Defensins

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  • [Copyright] Copyright 2010 Mosby, Inc. All rights reserved.
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  • (PMID = 20471625.001).
  • [ISSN] 1097-6868
  • [Journal-full-title] American journal of obstetrics and gynecology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Am. J. Obstet. Gynecol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Grant] United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / CA105009; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / U01 CA086381; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / P50 CA105009; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / P50 CA083639; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / CA086381
  • [Publication-type] Clinical Trial; Journal Article; Multicenter Study; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Biomarkers, Tumor; 0 / CA-125 Antigen; 0 / DEFB126 protein, human; 0 / Epididymal Secretory Proteins; 0 / MUC16 protein, human; 0 / Membrane Proteins; 0 / beta-Defensins
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ NIHMS235597; NLM/ PMC3594101
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55. Bensaid C, Le Frère Belda MA, Metzger U, Larousserie F, Clément D, Chatellier G, Lécuru F: Performance of laparoscopy in identifying malignant ovarian cysts. Surg Endosc; 2006 Sep;20(9):1410-4
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  • [Title] Performance of laparoscopy in identifying malignant ovarian cysts.
  • BACKGROUND: Peroperative identification of malignancy is crucial to management planning for ovarian cysts.
  • The aim of this study was to evaluate the performance of laparoscopy in identifying malignant ovarian cysts.
  • METHODS: Patients undergoing laparoscopy for ovarian cysts from 1998 to 2001 were enrolled prospectively.
  • Physical findings, Doppler ultrasonography, and serum CA 125 served to compute two risk-of-malignancy indexes (RMI-1 and RMI-2), and laparoscopy findings served to categorize lesions as benign, possibly malignant, or malignant.
  • RESULTS: Of 313 patients, 294 had benign cysts, six borderline lesions, and 13 malignancies.
  • CONCLUSIONS: Laparoscopy reliably identifies ovarian cancer and borderline disease.
  • [MeSH-major] Cysts / pathology. Laparoscopy / standards. Ovarian Neoplasms / pathology. Preoperative Care
  • [MeSH-minor] Adolescent. Adult. Aged. Aged, 80 and over. Dermoid Cyst / pathology. Endometriosis / pathology. Female. Frozen Sections. Humans. Middle Aged. Neoplasm Staging. Predictive Value of Tests. Prospective Studies. Risk Assessment / methods. Sensitivity and Specificity

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  • (PMID = 16802080.001).
  • [ISSN] 1432-2218
  • [Journal-full-title] Surgical endoscopy
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Surg Endosc
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Comparative Study; Evaluation Studies; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Germany
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56. Kolwijck E, Zusterzeel PL, Roelofs HM, Hendriks JC, Peters WH, Massuger LF: GSTP1-1 in ovarian cyst fluid and disease outcome of patients with ovarian cancer. Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev; 2009 Aug;18(8):2176-81
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  • [Title] GSTP1-1 in ovarian cyst fluid and disease outcome of patients with ovarian cancer.
  • We studied GSTP1-1 levels in ovarian cyst fluid (oCF), obtained during surgery before chemotherapy, of patients with epithelial ovarian cancer and clinical outcomes were correlated.
  • GSTP1-1 was determined by ELISA in oCF of 56 patients with epithelial ovarian cancer and 109 noncancer controls (21 borderline and 88 benign ovarian tumors).
  • Significantly higher levels of GSTP1-1 were found in the oCF of malignant (median, 383; range, 10-32,695 ng/mL) compared with benign (median, 20; range, 0-1,128 ng/mL) ovarian tumors (P < 0.01).
  • Significantly higher GSTP1-1 levels were found in patients with advanced International Federation of Gynaecologists and Obstetricians stage (P = 0.01), high-grade tumors (P = 0.44), and/or high levels of preoperative CA 125 (P = 0.01).
  • [MeSH-major] Biomarkers, Tumor / analysis. Glutathione S-Transferase pi / metabolism. Neoplasms, Glandular and Epithelial / enzymology. Ovarian Cysts / enzymology. Ovarian Neoplasms / enzymology
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Aged. Aged, 80 and over. Antineoplastic Agents / therapeutic use. Cyst Fluid / chemistry. Cyst Fluid / enzymology. Disease-Free Survival. Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay. Female. Humans. Kaplan-Meier Estimate. Middle Aged. Neoplasm Staging. Prognosis. Treatment Outcome

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  • (PMID = 19661073.001).
  • [ISSN] 1538-7755
  • [Journal-full-title] Cancer epidemiology, biomarkers & prevention : a publication of the American Association for Cancer Research, cosponsored by the American Society of Preventive Oncology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Cancer Epidemiol. Biomarkers Prev.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Antineoplastic Agents; 0 / Biomarkers, Tumor; EC 2.5.1.18 / Glutathione S-Transferase pi
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57. Baksu B, Akyol A, Davas I, Yazgan A, Ozgul J, Tanik C: Recurrent mucinous cystadenoma in a 20-year-old woman: was hysterectomy inevitable? J Obstet Gynaecol Res; 2006 Dec;32(6):615-8
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  • A recurrence of ovarian mucinous cysts is very rare.
  • Over a period of 21 months, a 20-year-old patient had three laparotomies resulting initially in the removal of one ovary with a mucinous cystadenoma and two cystectomies for the same pathology, but ultimately leading to hysterectomy and salphingo-oopherectomy.
  • Because mucinous tumors are usually benign and most of the time multilocular, management of young patients is challenging, especially in the case of recurrence.
  • Follow-up of these patients is very important and transvaginal ultrasound seems to be currently the most effective diagnostic tool for the follow-up of young patients treated with cystectomy for benign mucinous cystadenomas.
  • [MeSH-major] Cystadenoma, Mucinous / surgery. Hysterectomy. Neoplasm Recurrence, Local / surgery. Ovarian Neoplasms / surgery. Ovariectomy

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  • (PMID = 17100827.001).
  • [ISSN] 1341-8076
  • [Journal-full-title] The journal of obstetrics and gynaecology research
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Obstet. Gynaecol. Res.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Japan
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58. Winter LM, Sommer G, Bongartz G: High-field magnetic resonance imaging of the pelvis: uterus, ovary, and prostate gland. Top Magn Reson Imaging; 2010 Jun;21(3):177-88
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  • [Title] High-field magnetic resonance imaging of the pelvis: uterus, ovary, and prostate gland.
  • It has given proof of its usefulness in the diagnosis of several benign and malignant disorders, and it is routinely used for the local staging of different tumors even when confined to specific parts of a pelvic organ.
  • Definition of high field seems fuzzy because of the availability of MRI machines with 3, 7 T, or higher; therefore, the general aspects of MRI of pelvic structures with emphasis on uterus, ovary, and prostate gland and attention to promising newer techniques such as 3 T, dynamic contrast imaging, and diffusion-weighted imaging are reviewed in this article.
  • [MeSH-major] Imaging, Three-Dimensional / methods. Magnetic Resonance Imaging / methods. Pelvic Neoplasms / diagnosis. Radiographic Image Enhancement
  • [MeSH-minor] Diffusion Magnetic Resonance Imaging / methods. Diffusion Magnetic Resonance Imaging / trends. Female. Forecasting. Humans. Male. Neoplasm Invasiveness / pathology. Neoplasm Staging. Ovarian Neoplasms / diagnosis. Ovarian Neoplasms / pathology. Prostatic Neoplasms / diagnosis. Prostatic Neoplasms / pathology. Radiation Effects. Risk Assessment. Sensitivity and Specificity. Signal-To-Noise Ratio. Uterine Neoplasms / diagnosis

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  • (PMID = 21847037.001).
  • [ISSN] 1536-1004
  • [Journal-full-title] Topics in magnetic resonance imaging : TMRI
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Top Magn Reson Imaging
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] United States
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59. Kikkawa F, Nawa A, Kajiyama H, Shibata K, Ino K, Nomura S: Clinical characteristics and prognosis of mucinous tumors of the ovary. Gynecol Oncol; 2006 Oct;103(1):171-5
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  • [Title] Clinical characteristics and prognosis of mucinous tumors of the ovary.
  • OBJECTIVE: Ovarian mucinous tumors consist of benign, borderline, and carcinomatous tumor, but the clinical characteristics of these 3 types have not been investigated in detail.
  • In this study, we compared the clinical characteristics and prognosis among these 3 types of mucinous tumors.
  • METHODS: One hundred sixty-one patients with mucinous cystadenocarcinoma and 143 patients with mucinous borderline tumor were registered between 1986 and 2003.
  • All patients were reviewed by two pathologists, then the mixed type and cases showing other organized malignant tumors were excluded from this study.
  • RESULTS: Mean patient ages were 43.9, 44.7, and 49.7 years in patients with benign, borderline, carcinomatous tumor, respectively.
  • The ratio of early stage (I, II) to advanced stage (III, IV) was significantly lower in carcinoma than in borderline tumor.
  • The levels of tumor markers tended to increase with the level of malignancy.
  • In borderline tumor, 5 patients died of disease, and all of these patients had stage III disease with residual tumor after the initial surgery.
  • Patients with borderline tumor showed significantly better prognosis than those with carcinoma; however, there were no significant differences in prognosis between borderline tumor and carcinoma in patients with stage III tumor or residual tumor.
  • CONCLUSIONS: In mucinous tumors, measurement of CA72-4 is recommended to distinguish malignant from benign tumors.
  • Even in borderline tumor, patients with residual tumor showed a poorer prognosis than carcinoma, suggesting that complete resection is necessary for a good prognosis.
  • [MeSH-major] Adenocarcinoma, Mucinous / pathology. Ovarian Neoplasms / pathology
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Aged. Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols / therapeutic use. Biomarkers, Tumor / blood. Carboplatin / administration & dosage. Female. Humans. Middle Aged. Neoplasm Staging. Paclitaxel / administration & dosage. Prognosis

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  • (PMID = 16546243.001).
  • [ISSN] 0090-8258
  • [Journal-full-title] Gynecologic oncology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Gynecol. Oncol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Biomarkers, Tumor; BG3F62OND5 / Carboplatin; P88XT4IS4D / Paclitaxel
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60. Ye B, Skates S, Mok SC, Horick NK, Rosenberg HF, Vitonis A, Edwards D, Sluss P, Han WK, Berkowitz RS, Cramer DW: Proteomic-based discovery and characterization of glycosylated eosinophil-derived neurotoxin and COOH-terminal osteopontin fragments for ovarian cancer in urine. Clin Cancer Res; 2006 Jan 15;12(2):432-41
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  • [Title] Proteomic-based discovery and characterization of glycosylated eosinophil-derived neurotoxin and COOH-terminal osteopontin fragments for ovarian cancer in urine.
  • PURPOSE: The objective was to identify and characterize low molecular weight proteins/peptides in urine and their posttranslational modifications that might be used as a screening tool for ovarian cancer.
  • EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN: Urine samples collected preoperatively from postmenopausal women with ovarian cancer and benign conditions and from nonsurgical controls were analyzed by surface-enhanced laser desorption/ionization mass spectrometry and two-dimensional gel electrophoresis.
  • Quantitative and semiquantitative ELISAs were developed for preliminary validation in patients of 128 ovarian cancer, 52 benign conditions, 44 other cancers, and 188 healthy controls.
  • RESULTS: A protein (m/z approximately 17,400) with higher peak intensities in cancer patients than in benign conditions and controls was identified and subsequently defined as eosinophil-derived neurotoxin (EDN).
  • A glycosylated form of EDN was specifically elevated in ovarian cancer patients.
  • Modified forms EDN and osteopontin fragments were elevated in early-stage ovarian cancers and a combination of both resulted to 93% specificity and 72% sensitivity.
  • CONCLUSIONS: Specific elevated posttranslationally modified urinary EDN and osteopontin COOH-terminal fragments in ovarian cancer might lead to potential noninvasive screening tests for early diagnosis.
  • [MeSH-major] Biomarkers, Tumor / urine. Eosinophil-Derived Neurotoxin / urine. Neoplasms, Glandular and Epithelial / urine. Ovarian Neoplasms / urine. Sialoglycoproteins / urine
  • [MeSH-minor] Adenocarcinoma, Clear Cell / pathology. Adenocarcinoma, Clear Cell / surgery. Adenocarcinoma, Clear Cell / urine. Adenocarcinoma, Mucinous / pathology. Adenocarcinoma, Mucinous / surgery. Adenocarcinoma, Mucinous / urine. Amino Acid Sequence. Carcinoma, Endometrioid / pathology. Carcinoma, Endometrioid / surgery. Carcinoma, Endometrioid / urine. Case-Control Studies. Cystadenocarcinoma, Serous / pathology. Cystadenocarcinoma, Serous / surgery. Cystadenocarcinoma, Serous / urine. Electrophoresis, Gel, Two-Dimensional. Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay. Female. Glycosylation. Humans. Molecular Sequence Data. Neoplasm Invasiveness. Osteopontin. Prognosis. Proteome. Spectrometry, Mass, Matrix-Assisted Laser Desorption-Ionization

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  • [CommentIn] Clin Cancer Res. 2006 Jan 15;12(2):323-7 [16428467.001]
  • (PMID = 16428483.001).
  • [ISSN] 1078-0432
  • [Journal-full-title] Clinical cancer research : an official journal of the American Association for Cancer Research
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Clin. Cancer Res.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Grant] United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / 1P50 CA 105009; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / R21 CA 111949-01; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / U01 CA 86381
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Multicenter Study; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Biomarkers, Tumor; 0 / Proteome; 0 / SPP1 protein, human; 0 / Sialoglycoproteins; 106441-73-0 / Osteopontin; EC 3.1.- / Eosinophil-Derived Neurotoxin
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61. Booth SJ, Turnbull LW, Poole DR, Richmond I: The accurate staging of ovarian cancer using 3T magnetic resonance imaging--a realistic option. BJOG; 2008 Jun;115(7):894-901
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  • [Title] The accurate staging of ovarian cancer using 3T magnetic resonance imaging--a realistic option.
  • OBJECTIVES: The aim of the study was to determine whether staging primary ovarian cancer using 3.0 Tesla (3T) magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) is comparable to surgical staging of the disease.
  • DESIGN: A retrospective study consisting of a search of the pathology database to identify women with ovarian pathology from May 2004 to January 2007.
  • SETTING: All women treated for suspected ovarian cancer in our cancer centre region.
  • SAMPLE: All women suspected of ovarian pathology who underwent 3T MRI prior to primary surgical intervention between May 2004 and January 2007.
  • METHODS: All women found to have ovarian pathology, both benign and malignant, were then cross checked with the magnetic resonance (MR) database to identify those who had undergone 3T MRI prior to surgery.
  • The resulting group of women underwent comparison of the MR, surgical and histopathological findings for each individual including diagnosis of benign or malignant disease and International Federation of Gynecology and Obstetrics (FIGO) staging where appropriate.
  • Sensitivity, specificity and accuracy were calculated for diagnosing malignant ovarian disease with 3T MRI.
  • RESULTS: A total of 191 women identified as having ovarian pathology underwent imaging with 3T MR and primary surgical intervention.
  • In 19 of these women, the ovarian disease was an incidental finding.
  • The group for which staging methods were compared consisted of 77 women of primary ovarian malignancy (20 of whom had borderline tumours).
  • 3T MRI was able to detect ovarian malignancy with a sensitivity of 92% and a specificity of 76%.
  • A further analysis of the staging data for ovarian cancers alone, excluding borderline tumours resulted in a K value of 0.931 (SE +/-0.136) for histopathological staging versus MR staging and 0.958 (+/-0.140) for histopathological stage versus surgical staging.
  • CONCLUSION: Our study has shown that MRI can achieve staging of ovarian cancer comparable with the accuracy seen with surgical staging.
  • In addition, all other studies comparing radiological assessment of ovarian cancer have grouped the stages into I, II, III and IV rather than the more clinically appropriate a, b and c subgroups.
  • [MeSH-major] Magnetic Resonance Imaging / standards. Neoplasm Staging / methods. Ovarian Neoplasms / pathology


62. Canis M, Jardon K, Niro J, Rabischong B, Bourdel N, Botchorishvili R, Pouly JL, Mage G: [Endoscopic management of gynecological malignancies: an update. 2007]. Bull Acad Natl Med; 2007 Oct;191(7):1357-65; discussion 1365-6
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  • Animal studies suggest that the risk of tumor dissemination in the non traumatized peritoneum may be higher after pneumoperitoneum than after laparotomy, and they also show the importance of the surgeon's experience and technique.
  • By controlling these parameters we may, in future, be able to create a peritoneal environment suitable for oncologic indications and thereby prevent or minimize the risk of peritoneal dissemination and postoperative tumor growth.
  • Laparoscopy is the gold standard for surgical diagnosis of adnexal masses, but puncture should be avoided whenever possible.
  • Surgical treatment of invasive ovarian cancer should use laparotomy, whatever the stage.
  • In contrast, restaging of early ovarian cancer initially managed as a benign mass is a good indication for the laparoscopic approach.
  • Laparoscopic management of tumors with low malignant potential should include complete staging of the peritoneum.
  • [MeSH-major] Endoscopy / methods. Genital Neoplasms, Female / surgery. Gynecologic Surgical Procedures / methods
  • [MeSH-minor] Animals. Carcinoma / secondary. Carcinoma / surgery. Endometrial Neoplasms / surgery. Female. Humans. Neoplasm Seeding. Ovarian Neoplasms / diagnosis. Ovarian Neoplasms / pathology. Ovarian Neoplasms / surgery. Peritoneal Neoplasms / secondary. Pneumoperitoneum, Artificial / adverse effects. Pneumoperitoneum, Artificial / methods. Swine. Uterine Cervical Neoplasms / surgery

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  • (PMID = 18447057.001).
  • [ISSN] 0001-4079
  • [Journal-full-title] Bulletin de l'Académie nationale de médecine
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Bull. Acad. Natl. Med.
  • [Language] fre
  • [Publication-type] English Abstract; Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] Netherlands
  • [Number-of-references] 30
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63. Bhuiyan ZH, Akhter N, Islam MF, Khan SA, Tawhid MH: Pilimiction. Mymensingh Med J; 2008 Jul;17(2 Suppl):S107-10
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  • It is mostly ovarian origin.
  • Ovarian dermoid may grow and invade the urinary bladder wall to discharge its content in the urine.
  • Cystoscopic evaluation followed by laparotomy and excision of ovarian dermoid along its extension to the urinary bladder is a rational approach.
  • Our patient has benign indolent coarse of pilimiction for last 9 years.
  • We did laparotomy in the same sitting. Lt. ovary was almost buried between the leaf of broad ligament and contain a dermoid cyst invading bladder wall to discharge its contents.
  • So we confirm our diagnosis as secondary bladder dermoids as a cause of pilimiction & excise the whole specimen keeping its safety margin.
  • Histopathologically it appears benign mature cystic teratoma.

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  • (PMID = 18946442.001).
  • [ISSN] 1022-4742
  • [Journal-full-title] Mymensingh medical journal : MMJ
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Mymensingh Med J
  • [Language] ENG
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Bangladesh
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64. O'Neill CJ, Deavers MT, Malpica A, Foster H, McCluggage WG: An immunohistochemical comparison between low-grade and high-grade ovarian serous carcinomas: significantly higher expression of p53, MIB1, BCL2, HER-2/neu, and C-KIT in high-grade neoplasms. Am J Surg Pathol; 2005 Aug;29(8):1034-41
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  • [Title] An immunohistochemical comparison between low-grade and high-grade ovarian serous carcinomas: significantly higher expression of p53, MIB1, BCL2, HER-2/neu, and C-KIT in high-grade neoplasms.
  • Ovarian serous carcinoma (OSC) is the most common ovarian epithelial malignancy.
  • Recently, a dualistic pathway of ovarian serous carcinogenesis has been proposed based on morphologic observations and molecular genetic analysis.
  • In this scheme, low-grade OSC arises in a stepwise fashion from a benign serous cystadenoma through a usual serous borderline tumor through a micropapillary variant of serous borderline tumor.
  • In contrast, the more common high-grade OSC arises de novo from the ovarian surface epithelium or the epithelium of cortical inclusion cysts with an as yet unrecognized precursor lesion.
  • Thirty of 47 (64%) cases of high-grade OSC exhibited 5+ staining with p53 compared with 4 of 22 (18%) low-grade neoplasms.
  • [MeSH-major] Biomarkers, Tumor / analysis. Cystadenoma, Serous / chemistry. Cystadenoma, Serous / pathology. Ki-67 Antigen / analysis. Ovarian Neoplasms / chemistry. Ovarian Neoplasms / pathology. Peptide Fragments / analysis. Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-bcl-2 / analysis. Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-kit / analysis. Receptor, ErbB-2 / analysis. Tumor Suppressor Protein p53 / analysis
  • [MeSH-minor] Female. Humans. Inhibitor of Apoptosis Proteins. Microtubule-Associated Proteins / analysis. Neoplasm Proteins / analysis. Osteopontin. Sialoglycoproteins / analysis. WT1 Proteins / analysis

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  • (PMID = 16006797.001).
  • [ISSN] 0147-5185
  • [Journal-full-title] The American journal of surgical pathology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Am. J. Surg. Pathol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Comparative Study; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / BIRC5 protein, human; 0 / Biomarkers, Tumor; 0 / HER2-neu-derived peptide (654-662); 0 / Inhibitor of Apoptosis Proteins; 0 / Ki-67 Antigen; 0 / Microtubule-Associated Proteins; 0 / Neoplasm Proteins; 0 / Peptide Fragments; 0 / Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-bcl-2; 0 / SPP1 protein, human; 0 / Sialoglycoproteins; 0 / Tumor Suppressor Protein p53; 0 / WT1 Proteins; 106441-73-0 / Osteopontin; EC 2.7.10.1 / Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-kit; EC 2.7.10.1 / Receptor, ErbB-2
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65. Gupta A, Subhas G, Mittal VK, Jacobs MJ: Pancreatic schwannoma: literature review. J Surg Educ; 2009 May-Jun;66(3):168-73
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  • Pancreatic schwannoma is a rare neoplasm.
  • Accurate preoperative diagnosis remains difficult, but computed tomography (CT) scanning and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) help to establish the diagnosis, and definitive diagnosis requires immunohistochemical examination.
  • Cystic pancreatic schwannomas should be considered in the differential diagnosis of cystic neoplasms and pseudocysts.
  • In this report, we examine a case of benign pancreatic schwannoma in a 56-year-old woman.
  • She was being evaluated for an ovarian teratoma, and an 8-cm cystic mass was incidentally found in the head of the pancreas.
  • [MeSH-major] Neurilemmoma / diagnosis. Pancreatic Neoplasms / diagnosis
  • [MeSH-minor] Female. Humans. Incidental Findings. Middle Aged. Ovarian Neoplasms / diagnosis. Teratoma / diagnosis. Tomography, X-Ray Computed

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  • (PMID = 19712917.001).
  • [ISSN] 1878-7452
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of surgical education
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Surg Educ
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Number-of-references] 41
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66. Callesen AK, Madsen JS, Iachina M, Vach W, Kruse TA, Jensen ON, Mogensen O: Serum peptide/protein profiling by mass spectrometry provides diagnostic information independently of CA125 in women with an ovarian tumor. Cancer Biomark; 2010;6(2):73-82
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  • [Title] Serum peptide/protein profiling by mass spectrometry provides diagnostic information independently of CA125 in women with an ovarian tumor.
  • In the present study, the use of a robust and sensitive mass spectrometry based protein profiling analysis was tested as diagnostic tools for women with an ovarian tumor.
  • Protein profiles of 113 serum samples from women with an ovarian tumor (54 malign and 59 benign) were generated using MALDI-TOF MS.
  • A total of 98 peaks with a significant difference (p< 0.01) in intensity between women with benign tumors/cysts and malignant ovarian tumors were identified.
  • After average linkage clustering, a profile of 46 statistical significant mass peaks was identified to distinguish malignant tumors and benign tumors/cysts.
  • In the subgroup of women with normal CA125 values (< or =35 U/mL) (62 patients) 36 of the 504 mass peaks showed significant (p< 0.05) differences in intensity between benign and malignant disease.
  • The current study demonstrates the potential of mass spectrometry based serum protein profiling as a diagnostic tool in discrimination between benign ovarian tumors/cysts and malignant ovarian tumors.
  • [MeSH-major] Biomarkers, Tumor / blood. Ovarian Neoplasms / diagnosis. Protein Array Analysis / methods. Spectrometry, Mass, Matrix-Assisted Laser Desorption-Ionization / methods
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Aged. Aged, 80 and over. CA-125 Antigen / blood. Diagnosis, Differential. Female. Humans. Middle Aged. Neoplasm Staging. Peptides / blood. Proteins / analysis

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  • (PMID = 20571233.001).
  • [ISSN] 1875-8592
  • [Journal-full-title] Cancer biomarkers : section A of Disease markers
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Cancer Biomark
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] Netherlands
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Biomarkers, Tumor; 0 / CA-125 Antigen; 0 / Peptides; 0 / Proteins
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67. Kumar SR, Masood R, Spannuth WA, Singh J, Scehnet J, Kleiber G, Jennings N, Deavers M, Krasnoperov V, Dubeau L, Weaver FA, Sood AK, Gill PS: The receptor tyrosine kinase EphB4 is overexpressed in ovarian cancer, provides survival signals and predicts poor outcome. Br J Cancer; 2007 Apr 10;96(7):1083-91
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  • [Title] The receptor tyrosine kinase EphB4 is overexpressed in ovarian cancer, provides survival signals and predicts poor outcome.
  • We wanted to determine the biological role of EphB4 in ovarian cancer.
  • We studied the expression of EphB4 in seven normal ovarian specimens and 85 invasive ovarian carcinomas by immunohistochemistry.
  • EphB4 expression was largely absent in normal ovarian surface epithelium, but was expressed in 86% of ovarian cancers.
  • We also studied the biological significance of EphB4 expression in ovarian tumour cells lines in vitro and in vivo.
  • All five malignant ovarian tumour cell lines tested expressed higher levels of EphB4 compared with the two benign cell lines.
  • Treatment of malignant, but not benign, ovarian tumour cell lines with progesterone, but not oestrogen, led to a 90% reduction in EphB4 levels that was associated with 50% reduction in cell survival.
  • Inhibition of EphB4 expression by specific siRNA or antisense oligonucleotides significantly inhibited tumour cell viability by inducing apoptosis via activation of caspase-8, and also inhibited tumour cell invasion and migration.
  • Furthermore, EphB4 antisense significantly inhibited growth of ovarian tumour xenografts and tumour microvasculature in vivo.
  • Inhibition of EphB4 may hence have prognostic and therapeutic utility in ovarian carcinoma.

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  • (PMID = 17353927.001).
  • [ISSN] 0007-0920
  • [Journal-full-title] British journal of cancer
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Br. J. Cancer
  • [Language] ENG
  • [Grant] United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / P50 CA083639; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / R01 CA079218; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / R01CA79218
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Progestins; 0 / RNA, Small Interfering; 4G7DS2Q64Y / Progesterone; EC 2.7.10.1 / Receptor, EphB4; EC 3.4.22.- / Caspases
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC2360128
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68. Zhang X, Wu LY, Li XJ, Li HJ, Zhang R, Liu LY: [Clinical analysis of benign pelvic mass with high serum levels of CA(125)]. Zhonghua Fu Chan Ke Za Zhi; 2005 Mar;40(3):178-82
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  • [Title] [Clinical analysis of benign pelvic mass with high serum levels of CA(125)].
  • OBJECTIVE: To investigate serum CA(125) levels and the value of serum CA(125) in differential diagnosis of benign pelvic mass.
  • METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed 492 patients with benign pelvic mass, including 237 cases of benign ovarian tumor and 255 other benign gynecological diseases.
  • Sixty cases of ovarian epithelial cancer were randomly chosen as control group.
  • RESULTS: The median of serum CA(125) in patients with pelvic tuberculosis, uterine adenomyosis, ovarian endometriosis and ovarian fibroma were all higher than the cut-off level of CA(125) (35 kU/L), being 465.0, 88.9, 59.0 and 44.5 kU/L, respectively.
  • Those of ovarian epithelial cancer patients were significantly higher than in benign pelvic mass (P < 0.01).
  • The highest value of CA(125) among all the benign cases was 1281.0 kU/L, which was seen in a case of ovarian thecoma.
  • The highest median value was 465.0 kU/L, detected in a patient with pelvic tuberculosis.
  • CONCLUSIONS: Serum CA(125) levels in some benign pelvic mass are higher than the cut-off level of CA(125), such as pelvic tuberculosis, uterine adenomyosis, ovarian fibroma and ovarian endometriosis.
  • The medians of serum CA(125) in benign pelvic mass are much lower than in ovarian epithelial cancer.
  • Serum CA(125) is of significance in the differential diagnosis between hysteromyoma and uterine adenomyosis.
  • [MeSH-major] CA-125 Antigen / blood. Membrane Proteins / blood. Ovarian Neoplasms / blood
  • [MeSH-minor] Adolescent. Adult. Aged. Aged, 80 and over. Biomarkers, Tumor / blood. Female. Humans. Middle Aged. Retrospective Studies. Tumor Burden. Young Adult

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  • (PMID = 15840313.001).
  • [ISSN] 0529-567X
  • [Journal-full-title] Zhonghua fu chan ke za zhi
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Zhonghua Fu Chan Ke Za Zhi
  • [Language] chi
  • [Publication-type] English Abstract; Journal Article; Randomized Controlled Trial; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] China
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Biomarkers, Tumor; 0 / CA-125 Antigen; 0 / MUC16 protein, human; 0 / Membrane Proteins
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69. Castellvi J, Garcia A, Rojo F, Ruiz-Marcellan C, Gil A, Baselga J, Ramon y Cajal S: Phosphorylated 4E binding protein 1: a hallmark of cell signaling that correlates with survival in ovarian cancer. Cancer; 2006 Oct 15;107(8):1801-11
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  • [Title] Phosphorylated 4E binding protein 1: a hallmark of cell signaling that correlates with survival in ovarian cancer.
  • BACKGROUND: Growth factor receptors and cell signaling factors play a crucial role in human carcinomas and have been studied in ovarian tumors with varying results.
  • The objectives of this study were to analyze the real role that these pathways play in ovarian cancer, to correlate them with clinicopathologic characteristics, and to identify the factors that transmit individual proliferation signals and are associated with pathologic grade and prognosis, regardless specific oncogenic alterations upstream.
  • METHODS: One hundred twenty-nine ovarian epithelial tumors were studied, including 20 serous cystadenomas, 7 mucinous cystadenomas, 11 serous borderline tumors, 16 mucinous borderline tumors, 29 serous carcinomas, 16 endometrioid carcinomas, 15 clear cell carcinomas, and 15 mucinous carcinomas.
  • RESULTS: Among 129 ovarian neoplasms, 17.8% were positive for c-erb-B2, 9.3% were positive for EGFR, 47.3% were positive for phosphorylated AKT (p-AKT), 58.9% were positive for p-ERK, 41.1% were positive for p-4EBP1, 26.4% were positive for p70S6K, and 15.5% were positive for p-S6.
  • Although EGFR, p-AKT, and p-ERK expression did not differ between benign, borderline, or malignant tumors, c-erb-B2, p-4EBP1, p-p70S6K, and p-S6 were expressed significantly more often in malignant tumors.
  • CONCLUSIONS: In patients with ovarian carcinoma, significant expression of p-4EBP1 was associated with high-grade tumors and a poor prognosis, regardless other oncogenic alterations upstream.
  • This finding supports the study of this factor as a hallmark or pivotal factor in cell signaling in ovarian carcinoma that may crucial in the transmission of the proliferation cell signal and may reflect the real oncogenic role of this pathway in ovarian tumors.
  • [MeSH-major] Adaptor Proteins, Signal Transducing / physiology. Ovarian Neoplasms / metabolism. Phosphoproteins / physiology. Signal Transduction
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Aged. Aged, 80 and over. Female. Follow-Up Studies. Humans. Middle Aged. Neoplasm Recurrence, Local. Oncogene Protein v-akt / metabolism. Phosphorylation. Prognosis. Receptor, Epidermal Growth Factor / metabolism. Receptor, ErbB-2 / metabolism. Survival Analysis


70. Bauerschlag DO, Habermann M, Weimer J, Meinhold-Heerlein I, Hilpert F, Weigel M, Bauer M, Mundhenke C, Jonat W, Maass N, Schem C: Heterogeneous expression of serine protease inhibitor maspin in ovarian cancer. Anticancer Res; 2010 Jul;30(7):2739-44
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  • [Title] Heterogeneous expression of serine protease inhibitor maspin in ovarian cancer.
  • Ovarian cancer (OC) is a disease with poor prognosis, and molecular markers are needed to improve understanding of disease progression and resultant treatment.
  • Only limited data concerning the expression of maspin, a serine protease inhibitor, in ovarian cancer (OC) are available.
  • PATIENTS AND METHODS: Tumour purified mouse anti-human maspin monoclonal antibody was applied to tissue specimens from 87 OC patients.
  • Additionally ME was evaluated in established ovarian cancer cell lines (HEY, SKOV3, OVCAR3/8) and paclitaxel- and docetaxel-resistant HEY cells by QRT-PCR.
  • Significant differential ME was detected between benign, borderline ovarian lesions and OC, as well as among different tumour gradings.
  • Normal ovarian epithelial cells expressed less maspin than ovarian cancer cells as measured by QRT-PCR.
  • Docetaxel- and paclitaxel-resistant ovarian cell lines showed an even higher level of ME, suggesting an unfavourable role of ME in OC cell lines.
  • [MeSH-major] Adenocarcinoma / metabolism. Ovarian Neoplasms / metabolism. Serine Proteases / metabolism. Serine Proteinase Inhibitors / biosynthesis. Serpins / biosynthesis
  • [MeSH-minor] Cell Line, Tumor. Cell Nucleus / metabolism. Cytoplasm / metabolism. Female. Humans. Immunohistochemistry. Middle Aged. Neoplasm Staging

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  • (PMID = 20683007.001).
  • [ISSN] 1791-7530
  • [Journal-full-title] Anticancer research
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Anticancer Res.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Greece
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / SERPIN-B5; 0 / Serine Proteinase Inhibitors; 0 / Serpins; EC 3.4.- / Serine Proteases
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71. Zhang S, Lin QD, DI W: Suppression of human ovarian carcinoma metastasis by the metastasis-suppressor gene, BRMS1. Int J Gynecol Cancer; 2006 Mar-Apr;16(2):522-31
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  • [Title] Suppression of human ovarian carcinoma metastasis by the metastasis-suppressor gene, BRMS1.
  • Expression of BRMS1 messenger RNA (mRNA) in multitissue including normal prostate, ovarian, testis, and colon has been detected by northern blot analysis.
  • We hypothesize that the role of BRMS1 in tumor progression may not be limited to breast cancer and melanoma.
  • We previously found that BRMS1 mRNA levels in primary ovarian epithelial carcinomas were significantly lower than that in normal ovarian and benign tumors (P < 0.05), and statistical analysis of BRMS1 mRNA levels revealed that BRMS1 mRNA levels were significantly higher in early tumor stages (I, II) compared with advanced tumor stages (III, IV) in which lymph node or distant metastases were present (P < 0.01).
  • Our data showed that reduced BRMS1 mRNA seems to influence ovarian carcinoma metastatic ability.
  • Therefore, we transfected BRMS1 plasmid into highly malignant ovarian carcinoma cell line, HO-8910PM, and examined cell biologic behaviors including proliferation, adhesion, invasion, and metastasis in vitro and in vivo.
  • BRMS1 expression did not alter the proliferation of HO-8910PM cells in vitro and primary tumor formation in vivo.
  • Also, BRMS1 transfectants form significantly less metastatic to organs of peritoneal cavity in orthotopically implanted ovarian tumor nude models.
  • These data suggested that in addition to its already described role in breast cancer and melanoma, BRMS1 functions as a metastasis-suppressor gene in ovarian carcinoma by modifying several metastatic-associated phenotypes, offering a new target for therapeutic intervention.
  • [MeSH-major] Gene Expression Regulation / physiology. Neoplasm Proteins / physiology. Ovarian Neoplasms / prevention & control
  • [MeSH-minor] Animals. Cell Movement. Cell Proliferation. Disease Models, Animal. Down-Regulation. Female. Humans. Mice. Mice, Inbred BALB C. Mice, Nude. Neoplasm Invasiveness. Neoplasms, Glandular and Epithelial / metabolism. Neoplasms, Glandular and Epithelial / prevention & control. Neoplasms, Glandular and Epithelial / secondary. Peritoneal Neoplasms / prevention & control. Peritoneal Neoplasms / secondary. RNA, Messenger / metabolism. Repressor Proteins. Reverse Transcriptase Polymerase Chain Reaction. Transfection. Tumor Cells, Cultured. Tumor Stem Cell Assay

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  • (PMID = 16681721.001).
  • [ISSN] 1048-891X
  • [Journal-full-title] International journal of gynecological cancer : official journal of the International Gynecological Cancer Society
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Int. J. Gynecol. Cancer
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / BRMS1 protein, human; 0 / Neoplasm Proteins; 0 / RNA, Messenger; 0 / Repressor Proteins
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72. Richter M, Meyer W, Küster J, Middel P: Exophytic benign mixed epithelial stromal tumour of the kidney: case report of a rare tumour entity. Diagn Pathol; 2010;5:16
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  • [Title] Exophytic benign mixed epithelial stromal tumour of the kidney: case report of a rare tumour entity.
  • BACKGROUND: Mixed epithelial and stromal tumour (MEST) represents a recently described benign composite neoplasm of the kidney, which predominantly affects perimenopausal females.
  • Most tumours are benign, although rare malignant cases have been observed.
  • Surgical exploration showed a tumour arising from the lower anterior hilus of the left kidney.
  • The tumour could be excised by preserving the kidney.
  • By intraoperative frozen section the tumour showed characteristic features of MEST with epithelial-covered cysts embedded in an "ovarian-like" stroma.
  • Additional immunohistochemistry investigations showed expression for hormone receptors by the stromal component of the tumour.
  • Commonly, the tumour arises from the renal parenchyma or pelvis.
  • The tumour is composed of an admixture of cystic and sometimes more solid areas.
  • The stromal cells typically demonstrate an ovarian-type stroma showing expression for the estrogen and progesterone receptors.
  • CONCLUSION: MEST represents a distinctive benign tumour entity of the kidney, which affects perimenopausal woman.
  • The tumour should be distinguished from other cystic renal neoplasms.
  • By imaging studies it is difficult to distinguish between a benign or malignant nature of the tumour.
  • [MeSH-major] Epithelial Cells / pathology. Kidney Neoplasms / pathology. Mixed Tumor, Malignant / pathology. Stromal Cells / pathology

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  • [Journal-full-title] Diagnostic pathology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Diagn Pathol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
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  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC2842239
  • [General-notes] NLM/ Original DateCompleted: 20100609
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73. Pragathi P, Bharath Kumar PV, Amar Kumar P, Ramakanth Reddy M, Sravani V, Neeraja J, Reeba Mary E, Gopalakrishna K: Evaluation of serum adenosine deaminase and 5'-nucleotidase activities as probable markers in ovarian cancer. Indian J Clin Biochem; 2005 Jul;20(2):195-7
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  • [Title] Evaluation of serum adenosine deaminase and 5'-nucleotidase activities as probable markers in ovarian cancer.
  • Adenosine deaminase (ADA) and 5'-nucleotidase (5'-NT) activities were measured in sera of patients with ovarian cancer and patients with benign ovarian tumour.
  • ADA levels were significantly increased (P<0.001) in the ovarian cancer group (n=50) but not in the benign group (n=28) when compared to the controls (n=20).
  • The results indicate that ADA and 5'-NT levels may help to differentiate malignant conditions from benign tumours of the ovary in addition to the existing tests such as serum CA-125 levels and histopathological study.

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  • [ISO-abbreviation] Indian J Clin Biochem
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
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  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC3453859
  • [Keywords] NOTNLM ; 5′-NT / ADA / CA-125 / Ovarian cancer
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74. Kikuchi N, Horiuchi A, Osada R, Imai T, Wang C, Chen X, Konishi I: Nuclear expression of S100A4 is associated with aggressive behavior of epithelial ovarian carcinoma: an important autocrine/paracrine factor in tumor progression. Cancer Sci; 2006 Oct;97(10):1061-9
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  • [Title] Nuclear expression of S100A4 is associated with aggressive behavior of epithelial ovarian carcinoma: an important autocrine/paracrine factor in tumor progression.
  • Although S100A4 expression has reportedly been associated with metastasis of various malignancies, little is known about its biological significance in ovarian carcinomas.
  • In this study, we investigated expression and secretion of S100A4 and its extracellular function in ovarian carcinoma cells.
  • We first used immunohistochemistry to examine the expression and localization of S100A4 in 113 epithelial ovarian neoplasms (24 benign, 20 borderline, and 69 malignant tumors) and analyzed its prognostic significance in patients with ovarian carcinoma.
  • Then we investigated the expression, subcellular localization, and secretion of S100A4 in four ovarian carcinoma cell lines.
  • Finally, we examined the effect of S100A4 treatment on the cell proliferation and invasiveness of ovarian carcinoma cells, along with activation of small GTPase, RhoA.
  • Both cytoplasmic and nuclear expressions of S100A4 were significantly stronger in carcinomas than those in benign and borderline tumors.
  • Ovarian carcinoma patients with strong nuclear S100A4 expression showed a significantly shorter survival than those without (P = 0.0045).
  • Ovarian carcinoma cell lines were shown to express S100A4, and secrete S100A4 into the culture media.
  • These findings suggest that the nuclear expression of S100A4 is involved in the aggressive behavior of ovarian carcinoma and S100A4 is an autocrine/paracrine factor that plays an important role in the aggressiveness of ovarian carcinoma cells.
  • [MeSH-major] Carcinoma / pathology. Cell Nucleus / chemistry. Ovarian Neoplasms / pathology. S100 Proteins / analysis. S100 Proteins / metabolism
  • [MeSH-minor] Active Transport, Cell Nucleus. Autocrine Communication. Cell Proliferation / drug effects. Cytoplasm / chemistry. Disease Progression. Female. Humans. Neoplasm Invasiveness. Neoplasm Staging. Paracrine Communication. Prognosis. RNA, Messenger / analysis. RNA, Messenger / metabolism. Up-Regulation

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  • (PMID = 16984379.001).
  • [ISSN] 1347-9032
  • [Journal-full-title] Cancer science
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Cancer Sci.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / RNA, Messenger; 0 / S100 Proteins; 142662-27-9 / S100A4 protein, human
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75. Penumatsa K, Edassery SL, Barua A, Bradaric MJ, Luborsky JL: Differential expression of aldehyde dehydrogenase 1a1 (ALDH1) in normal ovary and serous ovarian tumors. J Ovarian Res; 2010;3:28
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  • [Title] Differential expression of aldehyde dehydrogenase 1a1 (ALDH1) in normal ovary and serous ovarian tumors.
  • BACKGROUND: We showed there are specific ALDH1 autoantibodies in ovarian autoimmune disease and ovarian cancer, suggesting a role for ALDH1 in ovarian pathology.
  • However, there is little information on the ovarian expression of ALDH1.
  • Therefore, we compared ALDH1 expression in normal ovary and benign and malignant ovarian tumors to determine if ALDH1 expression is altered in ovarian cancer.
  • Since there is also recent interest in ALDH1 as a cancer stem cell (CSC) marker, we assessed co-expression of ALDH1 with CSC markers in order to determine if ALDH1 is a potential CSC marker in ovarian cancer.
  • METHODS: mRNA and protein expression were compared in normal human ovary and serous ovarian tumors using quantitative Reverse-Transcriptase PCR, Western blot (WB) and semi-quantitative immunohistochemistry (IHC).
  • ALDH1 enzyme activity was confirmed in primary ovarian cells by flow cytometry (FC) using ALDEFLUOR assay.
  • RESULTS: ALDH1 mRNA expression was significantly reduced (p < 0.01; n = 5) in malignant tumors compared to normal ovaries and benign tumors.
  • The proportion of ALDH1+ cells was significantly lower in malignant tumors (17.1 ± 7.61%; n = 5) compared to normal ovaries (37.4 ± 5.4%; p < 0.01; n = 5) and benign tumors (31.03 ± 6.68%; p < 0.05; n = 5).
  • ALDH1+ cells occurred in the stroma and surface epithelium in normal ovary and benign tumors, although surface epithelial expression varied more in benign tumors.
  • Localization of ALDH1 was heterogeneous in malignant tumor cells and little ALDH1 expression occurred in poorly differentiated malignant tumors.
  • In benign tumors the distribution of ALDH1 had features of both normal ovary and malignant tumors.
  • CONCLUSIONS: Total ALDH1 expression is significantly reduced in malignant ovarian tumors while it is relatively unchanged in benign tumors compared to normal ovary.
  • Thus, ALDH1 expression in the ovary does not appear to be similar to breast, lung or colon cancer suggesting possible functional differences in these cancers.
  • SIGNIFICANCE: These observations suggest that reduced ALDH1 expression is associated with malignant transformation in ovarian cancer and provides a basis for further study of the mechanism of ALDH1 in this process.

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  • (PMID = 21176222.001).
  • [ISSN] 1757-2215
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of ovarian research
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Ovarian Res
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC3022900
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76. Choudhary S, Fasih N, Mc Innes M, Marginean C: Imaging of ovarian teratomas: appearances and complications. J Med Imaging Radiat Oncol; 2009 Oct;53(5):480-8
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  • [Title] Imaging of ovarian teratomas: appearances and complications.
  • Ovarian teratomas are the most common germ cell neoplasm.
  • The benign cystic teratoma shows typical imaging manifestations and can be complicated by torsion, rupture and uncommonly malignant degeneration.
  • Uncommon subtypes of teratomas include the immature, which is usually malignant at diagnosis.
  • This paper aims to provide a comprehensive review describing the spectrum of imaging findings of these ovarian tumours and associated complications.
  • [MeSH-major] Diagnostic Imaging / methods. Image Enhancement / methods. Ovarian Neoplasms / diagnosis. Teratoma / diagnosis

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  • (PMID = 19788483.001).
  • [ISSN] 1754-9485
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of medical imaging and radiation oncology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Med Imaging Radiat Oncol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] Australia
  • [Number-of-references] 35
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77. Abbott KL, Lim JM, Wells L, Benigno BB, McDonald JF, Pierce M: Identification of candidate biomarkers with cancer-specific glycosylation in the tissue and serum of endometrioid ovarian cancer patients by glycoproteomic analysis. Proteomics; 2010 Feb;10(3):470-81
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  • [Title] Identification of candidate biomarkers with cancer-specific glycosylation in the tissue and serum of endometrioid ovarian cancer patients by glycoproteomic analysis.
  • Epithelial ovarian cancer is diagnosed less than 25% of the time when the cancer is confined to the ovary, leading to 5-year survival rates of less than 30%.
  • Therefore, there is an urgent need for early diagnostics for ovarian cancer.
  • Our study using glycotranscriptome comparative analysis of endometrioid ovarian cancer tissue and normal ovarian tissue led to the identification of distinct differences in the transcripts of a restricted set of glycosyltransferases involved in N-linked glycosylation.
  • In this study, we have extended our observations by the use of selected lectins to perform a targeted glycoproteomic analysis of ovarian cancer and normal ovarian tissues.
  • Our results have identified several glycoproteins that display tumor-specific glycosylation changes.
  • The glycoproteins that were verified were then analyzed further using existing microarray data obtained from benign ovarian adenomas, borderline ovarian adenocarcinomas, and malignant ovarian adenocarcinomas.
  • The verified glycoproteins found to be expressed above control levels in the microarray data sets were then screened for tumor-specific glycan modifications in serum from ovarian cancer patients.
  • Results obtained from two of these glycoprotein markers, periostin and thrombospondin, have confirmed that tumor-specific glycan changes can be used to distinguish ovarian cancer patient serum from normal serum.

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  • (PMID = 19953551.001).
  • [ISSN] 1615-9861
  • [Journal-full-title] Proteomics
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Proteomics
  • [Language] ENG
  • [Grant] United States / NCRR NIH HHS / RR / P41RR018502; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / R01 CA064462; United States / NCRR NIH HHS / RR / P41 RR018502; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / U01 CA128454; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / UO1CA128454; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / R01CA064462
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] Germany
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Biomarkers, Tumor; 0 / Glycoproteins; 0 / Neoplasm Proteins; 0 / Proteome
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ NIHMS793820; NLM/ PMC4932840
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78. Rettenmaier M, Epstein HD, Abaid LN, Bechtol KA, Goldstein BH: Leiomyosarcoma with synchronous clear cell ovarian carcinoma. Onkologie; 2010;33(12):695-7
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  • [Title] Leiomyosarcoma with synchronous clear cell ovarian carcinoma.
  • BACKGROUND: Uterine leiomyomas are typically considered benign lesions.
  • Following surgery, the patient was diagnosed with a 16 cm ovarian mass and a synchronous leiomyosarcoma; the latter neoplasm appeared to originate from a previously resected uterine leiomyoma.
  • [MeSH-major] Adenocarcinoma, Clear Cell / diagnosis. Adenocarcinoma, Clear Cell / surgery. Leiomyoma / surgery. Leiomyosarcoma / diagnosis. Leiomyosarcoma / surgery. Neoplasms, Multiple Primary / diagnosis. Neoplasms, Multiple Primary / surgery. Ovarian Neoplasms / diagnosis. Ovarian Neoplasms / surgery. Postoperative Complications / diagnosis. Uterine Neoplasms / diagnosis. Uterine Neoplasms / surgery
  • [MeSH-minor] Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols. Cell Transformation, Neoplastic / pathology. Chemotherapy, Adjuvant. Colonic Neoplasms / pathology. Colonic Neoplasms / secondary. Colonic Neoplasms / surgery. Female. Humans. Hysterectomy. Intestinal Neoplasms / pathology. Intestinal Neoplasms / secondary. Intestinal Neoplasms / surgery. Middle Aged. Neoplasm Invasiveness. Neoplasm Staging. Omentum / pathology. Omentum / surgery. Ovariectomy. Salpingectomy. Uterus / pathology


79. Yazbek J, Raju KS, Ben-Nagi J, Holland T, Hillaby K, Jurkovic D: Accuracy of ultrasound subjective 'pattern recognition' for the diagnosis of borderline ovarian tumors. Ultrasound Obstet Gynecol; 2007 May;29(5):489-95
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  • [Title] Accuracy of ultrasound subjective 'pattern recognition' for the diagnosis of borderline ovarian tumors.
  • OBJECTIVES: To assess the value of pattern recognition for the preoperative ultrasound diagnosis of borderline ovarian tumors (BOTs).
  • METHODS: This was a prospective study of women who were referred to our regional cancer center with the diagnosis of an adnexal mass on a Level II (routine) gynecological ultrasound scan.
  • The tumor pattern recognition method was used to differentiate between various types of ovarian tumors.
  • Morphological features suggestive of BOTs were: unilocular cyst with a positive ovarian crescent sign and extensive papillary projections arising from the inner wall, or a cyst with a well defined multilocular nodule.
  • The ultrasound findings were compared with the final histological diagnosis.
  • In this group of women the final histological diagnoses were: 99 (60%) benign lesions, 32 (19%) invasive ovarian cancer and 35 (21%) BOTs.
  • Using pattern recognition combining the different morphological features, a correct preoperative diagnosis of BOT was made in 24/35 (68.6%) women: area under the receiver-operating characteristics curve 0.812 (standard error 0.049; 95% CI, 0.716-0.908), sensitivity 0.69 (95% CI, 0.52-0.81), specificity 0.94 (95% CI, 0.88-0.97), positive likelihood ratio 11.3 (95% CI, 5.53-22.8) and negative likelihood ratio 0.34 (95% CI, 0.21-0.55).
  • CONCLUSIONS: Ultrasound diagnosis of BOTs is highly specific.
  • However, typical features are absent in one-third of cases, which are typically misdiagnosed as benign lesions.
  • [MeSH-major] Ovarian Neoplasms / ultrasonography
  • [MeSH-minor] Adnexa Uteri / pathology. Adnexa Uteri / ultrasonography. Adolescent. Adult. Age Distribution. Aged. Aged, 80 and over. Area Under Curve. Diagnosis, Differential. Diagnostic Errors. Female. Humans. Middle Aged. Neoplasm Invasiveness. Neoplasm Staging. Pattern Recognition, Visual. Preoperative Care / methods. Prospective Studies. Sensitivity and Specificity

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  • [Copyright] Copyright (c) 2007 ISUOG.
  • (PMID = 17444554.001).
  • [ISSN] 0960-7692
  • [Journal-full-title] Ultrasound in obstetrics & gynecology : the official journal of the International Society of Ultrasound in Obstetrics and Gynecology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Ultrasound Obstet Gynecol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] England
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80. Ziadi S, Trimeche M, Hammedi F, Hidar S, Sriha B, Mestiri S, Korbi S: Bilateral proliferating Brenner tumor of the ovary associated with recurrent urothelial carcinoma of the urinary bladder. N Am J Med Sci; 2010 Jan;2(1):39-41
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  • [Title] Bilateral proliferating Brenner tumor of the ovary associated with recurrent urothelial carcinoma of the urinary bladder.
  • CONTEXT: Brenner tumors of ovary are relatively uncommon neoplasm.
  • Most of them are benign and less than 5% are proliferating or borderline.
  • The association between Brenner tumor of the ovary and papillary urothelial carcinoma of bladder is extremely rare.
  • CASE REPORT: We describe an unusual case of proliferating bilateral Brenner tumor of the ovary with a highly recurrent low-grade papillary urothelial carcinoma of bladder.
  • CONCLUSION: The immunohistopathological similarities of ovarian and bladder tumors and their association in the current case, may be coincidental but may reflect a common initiating event inducing similar pathogenesis changes in the epithelium of both organs.

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  • (PMID = 22624111.001).
  • [ISSN] 2250-1541
  • [Journal-full-title] North American journal of medical sciences
  • [ISO-abbreviation] N Am J Med Sci
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] India
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC3354386
  • [Keywords] NOTNLM ; Brenner tumor / ovary / urinary bladder / urothelial carcinoma
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81. Briones-Landa CH, Ayala-Yáñez R, Leroy-López L, Anaya-Coeto H, Santarosa-Pérez MA, Reyes-Muñoz E: [Comparison of laparoscopic vs. laparotomy treatment in ovarian teratomas]. Ginecol Obstet Mex; 2010 Oct;78(10):527-32
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  • [Title] [Comparison of laparoscopic vs. laparotomy treatment in ovarian teratomas].
  • [Transliterated title] Comparación del tratamiento laparoscópico vs laparotomía en teratomas ováricos.
  • BACKGROUND: Benign cystic teratoma is one of the most common benign tumors of the ovary, according to international series represents between 44 and 62% of all ovarian tumors diagnosed in women younger than 40 years.
  • OBJECTIVES: To evaluate and compare the efficacy and safety between laparoscopy and laparotomy in the management of ovarian teratomas, as well as the recurrence between both techniques.
  • MATERIALS AND METHOD: Retrospective, clinical series study involving 169 cases of ovarian teratomas operated at the Instituto Nacional de Perinatología Isidro Espinosa de los Reyes in the period comprehended between 2000-2008.
  • Laparoscopy was a risk factor for broken open for ovarian cyst (OR: 6.9; CI 95%: 3.3-14.8).
  • [MeSH-major] Laparoscopy. Laparotomy. Ovarian Neoplasms / surgery. Teratoma / surgery
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Biomarkers, Tumor / blood. Blood Loss, Surgical. CA-125 Antigen / blood. Dermoid Cyst / blood. Dermoid Cyst / surgery. Dermoid Cyst / ultrasonography. Female. Humans. Intraoperative Complications / etiology. Length of Stay / statistics & numerical data. Ovarian Cysts / blood. Ovarian Cysts / surgery. Ovarian Cysts / ultrasonography. Postoperative Complications / epidemiology. Predictive Value of Tests. Retrospective Studies. Rupture / etiology. Treatment Outcome. Young Adult

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  • (PMID = 21966769.001).
  • [ISSN] 0300-9041
  • [Journal-full-title] Ginecología y obstetricia de México
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Ginecol Obstet Mex
  • [Language] spa
  • [Publication-type] Comparative Study; English Abstract; Evaluation Studies; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Mexico
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Biomarkers, Tumor; 0 / CA-125 Antigen
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82. Shih IeM, Chen L, Wang CC, Gu J, Davidson B, Cope L, Kurman RJ, Xuan J, Wang TL: Distinct DNA methylation profiles in ovarian serous neoplasms and their implications in ovarian carcinogenesis. Am J Obstet Gynecol; 2010 Dec;203(6):584.e1-22
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  • [Title] Distinct DNA methylation profiles in ovarian serous neoplasms and their implications in ovarian carcinogenesis.
  • OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to analyze DNA methylation profiles among different types of ovarian serous neoplasm, which is a task that has not been performed.
  • STUDY DESIGN: The Illumina beads array (Illumina Inc, San Diego, CA) was used to profile DNA methylation in enriched tumor cells that had been isolated from 75 benign and malignant serous tumor tissues and 6 tumor-associated stromal cell cultures.
  • RESULTS: We found significantly fewer hypermethylated genes in high-grade serous carcinomas than in low-grade serous carcinoma and borderline tumors, which in turn had fewer hypermethylated genes than serous cystadenoma.
  • Unsupervised analysis identified that serous cystadenoma, serous borderline tumor, and low-grade serous carcinomas tightly clustered together and were clearly different from high-grade serous carcinomas.
  • CONCLUSION: The findings support the view that low-grade and high-grade serous carcinomas are distinctly different with low-grade, but not high-grade, serous carcinomas that are related to serous borderline tumor and cystadenoma.

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  • [Copyright] Copyright © 2010 Mosby, Inc. All rights reserved.
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  • (PMID = 20965493.001).
  • [ISSN] 1097-6868
  • [Journal-full-title] American journal of obstetrics and gynecology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Am. J. Obstet. Gynecol.
  • [Language] ENG
  • [Grant] United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / CA103937; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / CA103937-07; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / R01 CA129080-04; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / CA129080; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / R01 CA129080; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / CA129080-04; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / R01 CA103937-07; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / R01 CA103937
  • [Publication-type] Comparative Study; Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ NIHMS230506; NLM/ PMC2993872
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83. Kluger HM, McCarthy MM, Alvero AB, Sznol M, Ariyan S, Camp RL, Rimm DL, Mor G: The X-linked inhibitor of apoptosis protein (XIAP) is up-regulated in metastatic melanoma, and XIAP cleavage by Phenoxodiol is associated with Carboplatin sensitization. J Transl Med; 2007 Jan 26;5:6
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  • Phenoxodiol causes XIAP degradation and chemotherapy sensitization in ovarian cancer.
  • We used S100 to define pixels as melanoma (tumor mask) within the array spot, and measured XIAP expression using Cy5-conjugated antibodies within the mask.
  • We conclude that XIAP levels in clinical specimens are significantly higher in melanomas than their benign counterparts, and higher in metastatic than in primary specimens, suggesting an association with malignant progression and disease aggression.

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  • (PMID = 17257402.001).
  • [ISSN] 1479-5876
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of translational medicine
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Transl Med
  • [Language] ENG
  • [Grant] United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / R01 CA114277; United States / NIEHS NIH HHS / ES / K0-8 ES11571; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / R01 CA 114277-01; United States / NIAMS NIH HHS / AR / P30 AR041942; United States / NIEHS NIH HHS / ES / K08 ES011571; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / R01 CA092435; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / R01-CA92435-01; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / R0-1 CA115756-01; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / R01 CA115756
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Isoflavones; 0 / X-Linked Inhibitor of Apoptosis Protein; 995FT1W541 / phenoxodiol; BG3F62OND5 / Carboplatin
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC1796544
  • [General-notes] NLM/ Original DateCompleted: 20070724
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84. Sanz DJ, Acedo A, Infante M, Durán M, Pérez-Cabornero L, Esteban-Cardeñosa E, Lastra E, Pagani F, Miner C, Velasco EA: A high proportion of DNA variants of BRCA1 and BRCA2 is associated with aberrant splicing in breast/ovarian cancer patients. Clin Cancer Res; 2010 Mar 15;16(6):1957-67
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  • [Title] A high proportion of DNA variants of BRCA1 and BRCA2 is associated with aberrant splicing in breast/ovarian cancer patients.
  • We have investigated the effect of aberrant splicing of BRCA1/2 on hereditary breast/ovarian cancer (HBOC).
  • The identification of splicing disruptions by functional assays is a valuable tool to discriminate between benign polymorphisms and pathogenic mutations.
  • [MeSH-major] Alternative Splicing. BRCA1 Protein / genetics. BRCA2 Protein / genetics. Breast Neoplasms / genetics. Genetic Variation / genetics. Ovarian Neoplasms / genetics
  • [MeSH-minor] Age of Onset. DNA Primers / chemistry. DNA, Neoplasm / genetics. Female. Genetic Predisposition to Disease. Humans. Lymphocytes. Mutagenesis, Site-Directed. Mutation / genetics. Phenotype. Polymerase Chain Reaction. RNA, Messenger / genetics. RNA, Messenger / metabolism. RNA, Neoplasm / genetics


85. Chen EY, Mehra K, Mehrad M, Ning G, Miron A, Mutter GL, Monte N, Quade BJ, McKeon FD, Yassin Y, Xian W, Crum CP: Secretory cell outgrowth, PAX2 and serous carcinogenesis in the Fallopian tube. J Pathol; 2010 Sep;222(1):110-6
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  • The 'p53 signature' is a benign secretory cell outgrowth in the distal Fallopian tube that shares properties with ovarian serous cancer-including p53 mutations-and is a putative serous cancer precursor.
  • We expanded the precursor definition to all secretory cell outgrowths (SCOUTs) of 30 or more cells and scored normal (N) and altered (A) expression of both p53 and PAX2, a gene down-regulated in ovarian and endometrial cancer.
  • SCOUTs are discretely localized alterations commonly containing altered expression of multiple genes within histologically benign tubal epithelium.

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  • (PMID = 20597068.001).
  • [ISSN] 1096-9896
  • [Journal-full-title] The Journal of pathology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Pathol.
  • [Language] ENG
  • [Grant] United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / R21 CA124688-02S1; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / P50 CA105009; United States / NIGMS NIH HHS / GM / R01 GM083348; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / R21 CA124688; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / 1R21CA124688-01A1
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Neoplasm Proteins; 0 / PAX2 Transcription Factor; 0 / PAX2 protein, human; 0 / Tumor Suppressor Protein p53
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ NIHMS207936; NLM/ PMC2914810
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86. Yazbek J, Aslam N, Tailor A, Hillaby K, Raju KS, Jurkovic D: A comparative study of the risk of malignancy index and the ovarian crescent sign for the diagnosis of invasive ovarian cancer. Ultrasound Obstet Gynecol; 2006 Sep;28(3):320-4
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  • [Title] A comparative study of the risk of malignancy index and the ovarian crescent sign for the diagnosis of invasive ovarian cancer.
  • OBJECTIVE: To compare the value of the risk of malignancy index (RMI) and the ovarian crescent sign (OCS) in the diagnosis of ovarian malignancy.
  • METHODS: This was a prospective observational study of women with ultrasonographic diagnosis of an ovarian cyst.
  • The RMI was calculated in all cases using a previously published formula (RMI = U (ultrasound score) x M (menopausal status) x serum CA125 (kU/L)).
  • A value > 200 was considered to be diagnostic of ovarian cancer.
  • The OCS was defined as a rim of visible healthy ovarian tissue in the ipsilateral ovary.
  • RESULTS: A total of 106 consecutive women were included in the study, of whom 92 (86.8%) had a benign ovarian tumor, five (4.7%) had borderline lesions and nine (8.5%) had an invasive ovarian cancer.
  • The absence of an OCS diagnosed invasive ovarian cancer with a sensitivity of 100% (95% CI, 70-100%), specificity of 93% (95% CI, 86-96%), positive predictive value (PPV) of 56%, negative predictive value (NPV) of 100% and positive likelihood ratio (LR+) of 13.86 (95% CI, 6.79-28.29).
  • CONCLUSIONS: The RMI and the OCS are useful tests for discriminating between invasive and non-invasive ovarian tumors.
  • The application of these tests in a sequential manner might improve the overall accuracy of ovarian cancer diagnosis.
  • [MeSH-major] Ovarian Neoplasms / ultrasonography. Ovary / ultrasonography. Severity of Illness Index
  • [MeSH-minor] Algorithms. CA-125 Antigen / blood. Diagnosis, Differential. False Positive Reactions. Female. Humans. Middle Aged. Ovarian Cysts / surgery. Ovarian Cysts / ultrasonography. Predictive Value of Tests. Prospective Studies. ROC Curve. Sensitivity and Specificity

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  • [Copyright] Copyright 2006 ISUOG. Published by John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
  • (PMID = 16881074.001).
  • [ISSN] 0960-7692
  • [Journal-full-title] Ultrasound in obstetrics & gynecology : the official journal of the International Society of Ultrasound in Obstetrics and Gynecology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Ultrasound Obstet Gynecol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Comparative Study; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / CA-125 Antigen
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87. Määtta M, Talvensaari-Mattila A, Turpeenniemi-Hujanen T, Santala M: Matrix metalloproteinase-2 (MMP-2) and -9 (MMP-9) and their tissue inhibitors (TIMP-1 and TIMP-2) in differential diagnosis between low malignant potential (LMP) and malignant ovarian tumours. Anticancer Res; 2007 Jul-Aug;27(4C):2753-8
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  • [Title] Matrix metalloproteinase-2 (MMP-2) and -9 (MMP-9) and their tissue inhibitors (TIMP-1 and TIMP-2) in differential diagnosis between low malignant potential (LMP) and malignant ovarian tumours.
  • This study aimed to evaluate whether matrix metalloproteinases (MMP-2, MMP-9, MMP-2-TIMP-2 complex) or their tissue inhibitors (TIMP-1, TIMP-2) could be used as preoperative serum markers in differentiating between low malignant potential (LMP) and malignant ovarian tumours.
  • PATIENTS AND METHODS: The study population consisted of 61 patients with ovarian neoplasms (28 benign, 11 LMP and 22 malignant).
  • RESULTS: Serum TIMP-1 values significantly increased from benign (median 250 microg/l, range 137-616 microg/l) to LMP (median 357 microg/l, range 63-587 microg/l) and further to malignant (median 443 microg/l, range 199-983 microg/l) ovarian neoplasms (p<0.001).
  • There was a significant difference in the ratios of TIMP-1 to MMP-2 and TIMP-1 to MMP-2-TIMP-2 complex between the patients with benign vs. malignant and an LMP vs. malignant tumour.
  • CONCLUSION: The value of circulating TIMP-1 and the ratios of TIMP-1 to MMP-2 and TIMP-1 to MMP-2-TIMP-2 complex may be valuable for differentiating between LMP and malignant ovarian tumours.
  • [MeSH-major] Biomarkers, Tumor / blood. Matrix Metalloproteinase 2 / blood. Matrix Metalloproteinase 9 / blood. Ovarian Neoplasms / blood. Ovarian Neoplasms / pathology. Tissue Inhibitor of Metalloproteinase-1 / blood. Tissue Inhibitor of Metalloproteinase-2 / blood
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Aged. Diagnosis, Differential. Female. Humans. Middle Aged. Neoplasm Staging

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  • (PMID = 17695443.001).
  • [ISSN] 0250-7005
  • [Journal-full-title] Anticancer research
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Anticancer Res.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Greece
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Biomarkers, Tumor; 0 / Tissue Inhibitor of Metalloproteinase-1; 127497-59-0 / Tissue Inhibitor of Metalloproteinase-2; EC 3.4.24.24 / Matrix Metalloproteinase 2; EC 3.4.24.35 / Matrix Metalloproteinase 9
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88. Lou YH, Yang XS, Wang FL, Qian JH, Huang Y: [Expression of microRNA-21 in ovarian epithelial carcinoma and its clinical significance]. Nan Fang Yi Ke Da Xue Xue Bao; 2010 Mar;30(3):608-10, 613
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  • [Title] [Expression of microRNA-21 in ovarian epithelial carcinoma and its clinical significance].
  • OBJECTIVE: To investigate the expression of microRNA-21(miR-21) in ovarian epithelial carcinoma and its association with the clinicopathological features.
  • METHODS: The expression of miR-21 was detected by Stem-loop real-time RT-PCR in 48 cases of ovarian epithelial carcinomas, 24 cases of benign ovarian epithelial tumors and 15 cases of normal ovarian tissues.
  • RESULTS: The relative expression level of miR-21(2-(DeltaDelta)CT) was 4.849-/+1.813 in the ovarian epithelial carcinomas, significantly higher than that in the benign ovarian tumors and normal ovarian tissues (P<0.01), but comparable between the latter two groups.
  • CONCLUSION: MiR-21 might play a role as an oncogene in the tumorigenesis and development of ovarian epithelial carcinoma, and is possibly correlated to the progression and prognosis of ovarian epithelial carcinoma.
  • [MeSH-major] Cystadenocarcinoma, Serous / genetics. MicroRNAs / metabolism. Ovarian Neoplasms / genetics

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  • (PMID = 20335152.001).
  • [ISSN] 1673-4254
  • [Journal-full-title] Nan fang yi ke da xue xue bao = Journal of Southern Medical University
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Nan Fang Yi Ke Da Xue Xue Bao
  • [Language] chi
  • [Publication-type] English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] China
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / MIRN21 microRNA, human; 0 / MicroRNAs
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89. Devoize L, Collangettes D, Le Bouëdec G, Mishellany F, Orliaguet T, Dallel R, Baudet-Pommel M: Giant mature ovarian cystic teratoma including more than 300 teeth. Oral Surg Oral Med Oral Pathol Oral Radiol Endod; 2008 Mar;105(3):e76-9
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  • [Title] Giant mature ovarian cystic teratoma including more than 300 teeth.
  • Preoperative diagnosis of malignant tumors arising from mature cystic teratoma (MCT) of the ovary is not easy; malignant tumors are mostly diagnosed only postoperatively.
  • Tumor size, serum tumor markers, and patient age have been proposed as risk factors for malignancy.
  • This article reports a rare case of a giant, benign MCT of the ovary in a young woman (25 years old).
  • It had a very large size (320 x 270 x 185 mm, 10 kg), a great number of teeth (> 300), and preoperative serum level of tumor markers were elevated (CA125, 875 U/mL(-1); CA19-9, 2087 U/mL(-1); CEA, 5.1 ng/mL(-1); AFP, 23.3 ng/mL(-1); SCC, 20.7 ng/mL(-1)).
  • Based on clinical and laboratory data, tumor markers and tumor size when used alone or in combination do not appear to be useful in making a differential diagnosis between MCT and squamous cell carcinoma arising from MCT.
  • [MeSH-major] Antigens, Neoplasm / analysis. Ovarian Neoplasms / pathology. Teratoma / pathology
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Biomarkers, Tumor / analysis. Carcinoembryonic Antigen / analysis. Female. Humans. Predictive Value of Tests. Proteins / analysis. Serpins / analysis. Tooth. alpha-Fetoproteins / analysis

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  • (PMID = 18280952.001).
  • [ISSN] 1528-395X
  • [Journal-full-title] Oral surgery, oral medicine, oral pathology, oral radiology, and endodontics
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Oral Surg Oral Med Oral Pathol Oral Radiol Endod
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Evaluation Studies; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Antigens, Neoplasm; 0 / Biomarkers, Tumor; 0 / Carcinoembryonic Antigen; 0 / NBR1 protein, human; 0 / Proteins; 0 / Serpins; 0 / alpha-Fetoproteins; 0 / squamous cell carcinoma-related antigen
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90. Ota T, Gilks CB, Longacre T, Leung PC, Auersperg N: HOXA7 in epithelial ovarian cancer: interrelationships between differentiation and clinical features. Reprod Sci; 2007 Sep;14(6):605-14
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  • [Title] HOXA7 in epithelial ovarian cancer: interrelationships between differentiation and clinical features.
  • Interrelationships between HOXA7 expression and ovarian cancer progression are investigated by cDNA array and by immunohistochemistry of normal ovaries and 538 epithelial ovarian tumor microarrays.
  • HOXA7 mRNA expression was higher in carcinomas than in benign tumors.
  • There were significant associations of strong HOXA7 staining of stroma and tumor nuclei with the clear cell histotype (stroma: P = .0022, nuclei: P = .0003) and of weak/absent staining with serous carcinomas.
  • Tumor E-cadherin expression correlated significantly with HOX7 staining in stroma (P = .0002) but not within tumors.
  • HOXA7 staining of tumor cell nuclei is correlated significantly with improved disease-specific survival (P = .0104), which is suggestive of the biological and potentially clinical importance of subcellular HOXA7 localization.
  • [MeSH-major] Adenocarcinoma, Clear Cell / chemistry. Adenocarcinoma, Mucinous / chemistry. Biomarkers, Tumor / analysis. Carcinoma, Endometrioid / chemistry. Cell Differentiation. Cystadenocarcinoma, Serous / chemistry. Homeodomain Proteins / analysis. Ovarian Neoplasms / chemistry
  • [MeSH-minor] Cadherins / analysis. Cell Nucleus / chemistry. Cluster Analysis. Female. Gene Expression Profiling / methods. Gene Expression Regulation, Neoplastic. Humans. Immunohistochemistry. Kaplan-Meier Estimate. Metaplasia. Neoplasm Staging. Oligonucleotide Array Sequence Analysis. Prognosis. Stromal Cells / chemistry. Stromal Cells / pathology. Tissue Array Analysis


91. Zhang SL, Yu Y, Jiang T, Lin B, Gao H: [Expression and significance of KiSS-1 and its receptor GPR54 mRNA in epithelial ovarian cancer]. Zhonghua Fu Chan Ke Za Zhi; 2005 Oct;40(10):689-92
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  • [Title] [Expression and significance of KiSS-1 and its receptor GPR54 mRNA in epithelial ovarian cancer].
  • OBJECTIVE: To study the expression and significance of metastasis suppressor gene KiSS-1 and its receptor GPR54 in epithelial ovarian cancer.
  • METHOD: The expression and their clinical significance of KiSS-1 and GPR54 were evaluated by RT-PCR in 37 patients with epithelial ovarian cancer, 15 patients with borderline epithelial ovarian tumors, 15 patients with epithelial benign tumors and 11 patients with normal ovarian tissues.
  • RESULTS: The positivity and relative contents of KiSS-1 mRNA in patients with epithelial ovarian cancer (68%, 0.82 +/- 0.09) and borderline epithelial ovarian tumors (60%, 0.80 +/- 0.10) were all higher than in patients with epithelial benign tumor (20%, 0.65 +/- 0.10) and normal ovarian tissues (18%, 0.66 +/- 0.06; P < 0.05).
  • The positivity and relative contents of KiSS-1 mRNA in patients with epithelial ovarian cancer correlated with their clinical stage and lymph node metastasis (P < 0.05).
  • There was no difference in the positivity and relative contents of GPR54 mRNA between patients with epithelial ovarian cancer (70%, 0.79 +/- 0.07), borderline epithelial ovarian tumor (67%, 0.76 +/- 0.10), benign epithelial ovarian tumor (60%, 0.73 +/- 0.07) and normal ovarian tissues (45%, 0.78 +/- 0.08), respectively (all P > 0.05).
  • The positivity and relative contents of GPR54 mRNA in patients with epithelial ovarian cancer did not correlate with their clinical stage, histology grade, lymph node metastasis and production of ascites (P > 0.05).
  • CONCLUSION: KiSS-1 and GPR54 may play an important role in inhibiting the invasion and metastasis of early epithelial ovarian cancer.
  • [MeSH-major] Gene Expression Regulation, Neoplastic. Ovarian Neoplasms / pathology. Receptors, G-Protein-Coupled / genetics. Tumor Suppressor Proteins / genetics
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Aged. Female. Humans. Kisspeptins. Middle Aged. Neoplasm Invasiveness. Neoplasm Metastasis. RNA, Messenger / biosynthesis. RNA, Messenger / genetics. Reverse Transcriptase Polymerase Chain Reaction

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  • (PMID = 16277902.001).
  • [ISSN] 0529-567X
  • [Journal-full-title] Zhonghua fu chan ke za zhi
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Zhonghua Fu Chan Ke Za Zhi
  • [Language] chi
  • [Publication-type] English Abstract; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] China
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / KISS1 protein, human; 0 / KISS1R protein, human; 0 / Kisspeptins; 0 / RNA, Messenger; 0 / Receptors, G-Protein-Coupled; 0 / Tumor Suppressor Proteins
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92. Guo AT, Wei LX, Song X: [Histologic classification and prognostic implication of pseudomyxoma peritonei]. Zhonghua Bing Li Xue Za Zhi; 2007 Jul;36(7):474-9
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  • The mean age of the patients at the time of diagnosis was 50.3 years (age range = 22 to 76 years).
  • The age and sex of patients, frequency of operation and presence of ovarian involvement did not correlate with duration of survival.
  • On the other hand, the presence of appendiceal tumor, parenchymal invasion of abdominal viscera, cellularity, architecture, nuclear atypia and mitotic activity of the peritoneal lesion significantly correlated with survival.
  • CONCLUSIONS: In general, the 10-year survival rate of PMP was low, despite the relatively benign-looking or low-grade pathologic appearance.
  • [MeSH-major] Adenocarcinoma, Mucinous / pathology. Adenoma / pathology. Appendiceal Neoplasms / pathology. Peritoneal Neoplasms / pathology. Pseudomyxoma Peritonei / pathology
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Aged. Appendectomy. Female. Follow-Up Studies. Humans. Male. Middle Aged. Neoplasm Invasiveness. Retrospective Studies. Survival Rate. Young Adult

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  • (PMID = 17845762.001).
  • [ISSN] 0529-5807
  • [Journal-full-title] Zhonghua bing li xue za zhi = Chinese journal of pathology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Zhonghua Bing Li Xue Za Zhi
  • [Language] chi
  • [Publication-type] English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] China
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93. Henic E, Borgfeldt C, Christensen IJ, Casslén B, Høyer-Hansen G: Cleaved forms of the urokinase plasminogen activator receptor in plasma have diagnostic potential and predict postoperative survival in patients with ovarian cancer. Clin Cancer Res; 2008 Sep 15;14(18):5785-93
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  • [Title] Cleaved forms of the urokinase plasminogen activator receptor in plasma have diagnostic potential and predict postoperative survival in patients with ovarian cancer.
  • PURPOSE: To evaluate the plasma level of different forms of soluble urokinase plasminogen activator receptor (suPAR) as discriminators between malignant, borderline, and benign ovarian tumors and as prognostic markers in patients with ovarian cancer.
  • Tumors were classified as benign (n = 211), borderline (possibly malignant; n = 30), and well (n = 19), moderately (n = 15), and poorly (n = 60) differentiated malignant.
  • RESULTS: All uPAR forms as well as CA125 were statistically significant in univariate analysis discriminating between benign, borderline, and invasive tumors.
  • Restricting the analysis of invasive tumors to early stage (I and II) showed similar results.
  • A combination of CA125 and suPAR(I-III) + suPAR(II-III) discriminated between malignant (all stages) and benign tumors [AUC, 0.94; 95% confidence interval (95% CI), 0.90-0.98] as well as borderline and benign tumors (AUC, 0.78; 95% CI, 0.67-0.89).
  • CONCLUSIONS: High concentration of plasma uPAR(I) is an independent preoperative marker of poor prognosis in patients with ovarian cancer.
  • The combination of plasma suPAR(I-III) + suPAR(II-III) and CA125 discriminates between malignant and benign tumors with an AUC of 0.94.
  • [MeSH-major] Ovarian Neoplasms / diagnosis. Receptors, Cell Surface / blood
  • [MeSH-minor] Biomarkers, Tumor / blood. CA-125 Antigen / analysis. Female. Humans. Prognosis. Receptors, Urokinase Plasminogen Activator

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  • [CommentIn] Clin Cancer Res. 2008 Sep 15;14(18):5643-5 [18794069.001]
  • (PMID = 18794088.001).
  • [ISSN] 1078-0432
  • [Journal-full-title] Clinical cancer research : an official journal of the American Association for Cancer Research
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Clin. Cancer Res.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Evaluation Studies; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Biomarkers, Tumor; 0 / CA-125 Antigen; 0 / PLAUR protein, human; 0 / Receptors, Cell Surface; 0 / Receptors, Urokinase Plasminogen Activator
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94. Zaman S, Majid S, Hussain M, Chughtai O, Mahboob J, Chughtai S: A retrospective study of ovarian tumours and tumour-like lesions. J Ayub Med Coll Abbottabad; 2010 Jan-Mar;22(1):104-8
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  • [Title] A retrospective study of ovarian tumours and tumour-like lesions.
  • Objective of the study was to determine the nature of various ovarian lesions and to ascertain the frequency and distribution of the various non-neoplastic and neoplastic lesions.
  • METHODS: The study was a retrospective review of all cases of ovarian cancer, benign ovarian neoplasm and functional ovarian cysts received during Jan-Dec 2008 at Chughtai's Lahore Laboratory.
  • Among the neoplastic tumours 78.70% were benign and 21.29% were malignant.
  • Benign serous cysts were the commonest benign tumour followed by mature cystic teratoma and mucinous cyst.
  • Serous cystadenocarcinoma was the commonest malignant tumour followed closely by endometrioid carcinoma and granulosa cell tumour.
  • Krukenberg tumour, tumour metastatic to ovaries and non-Hodgkins lymphoma was also diagnosed during this period.
  • CONCLUSION: The morphologic diversity of ovarian masses poses many challenges.
  • A specific diagnosis can usually be made by evaluating routinely stained slides but sometimes immunohistochemistry is required in difficult cases.
  • [MeSH-major] Ovarian Neoplasms / pathology
  • [MeSH-minor] Adolescent. Adult. Aged. Female. Humans. Middle Aged. Ovarian Cysts / epidemiology. Ovarian Cysts / pathology. Pakistan / epidemiology. Retrospective Studies

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  • (PMID = 21409917.001).
  • [ISSN] 1025-9589
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of Ayub Medical College, Abbottabad : JAMC
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Ayub Med Coll Abbottabad
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Pakistan
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95. Nolen B, Marrangoni A, Velikokhatnaya L, Prosser D, Winans M, Gorelik E, Lokshin A: A serum based analysis of ovarian epithelial tumorigenesis. Gynecol Oncol; 2009 Jan;112(1):47-54
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  • [Title] A serum based analysis of ovarian epithelial tumorigenesis.
  • OBJECTIVES: Ovarian epithelial carcinoma can be subdivided into separate histological subtypes including clear cell, endometrioid, mucinous, and serous.
  • This distinction could potentially be reflected in the levels of tumor produced factors that enter into the circulation and serve as biomarkers of malignant growth.
  • Here, we analyze levels of circulating biomarkers from a diverse set of patients diagnosed with ovarian carcinoma to identify biomarker trends and relationships associated with distinct carcinoma histotypes and divergent tumorigenic pathways.
  • METHODS: We utilize multiplexed bead-based immunoassays to measure serum levels of a diverse array of fifty-eight biomarkers from the sera of patients diagnosed with various histological subtypes of ovarian carcinoma and benign lesions.
  • Levels of each biomarker are compared statistically across carcinoma subtypes as well as with benign cases.
  • RESULTS: A total of 21 serum biomarkers differ significantly between patients diagnosed with ovarian carcinomas and benign cases.
  • Identified biomarkers include traditional and emerging tumor markers, cytokines and receptors, hormones, and adhesion- and metastasis-related proteins.
  • CONCLUSIONS: We demonstrate here that the divergent histology-based tumorigenic pathways proposed for ovarian epithelial carcinomas are associated with distinct profiles of circulating biomarkers.
  • Continued investigation into the relationships between these factors should reveal new insights into the complex mechanisms underlying ovarian epithelial tumorigenesis.

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  • (PMID = 19007974.001).
  • [ISSN] 1095-6859
  • [Journal-full-title] Gynecologic oncology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Gynecol. Oncol.
  • [Language] ENG
  • [Grant] United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / CA117452-04S1; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / CA117452-03; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / R01 CA098642-03; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / R01 CA098642; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / R01 CA108990; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / U01 CA117452; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / R01 CA098642-02; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / U01 CA117452-04S1; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / R03 CA136019-01; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / R03 CA136019; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / U01 CA117452-03; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / U01 CA117452-01; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / CA117452-04; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / R01 CA098642-01A1; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / R01 CA108990-02; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / CA117452-02; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / U01 CA117452-02; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / U01 CA117452-04; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / R01 CA108990-04; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / R01 CA098642-04; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / CA136019-01; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / R01 CA108990-01A1; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / R01 CA108990-03; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / CA117452-01
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Biomarkers, Tumor
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ NIHMS92465; NLM/ PMC2657848
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96. Van Calster B, Valentin L, Van Holsbeke C, Testa AC, Bourne T, Van Huffel S, Timmerman D: Polytomous diagnosis of ovarian tumors as benign, borderline, primary invasive or metastatic: development and validation of standard and kernel-based risk prediction models. BMC Med Res Methodol; 2010;10:96
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  • [Title] Polytomous diagnosis of ovarian tumors as benign, borderline, primary invasive or metastatic: development and validation of standard and kernel-based risk prediction models.
  • BACKGROUND: Hitherto, risk prediction models for preoperative ultrasound-based diagnosis of ovarian tumors were dichotomous (benign versus malignant).
  • We develop and validate polytomous models (models that predict more than two events) to diagnose ovarian tumors as benign, borderline, primary invasive or metastatic invasive.
  • However, discrimination between primary and metastatic invasive tumors decreased to near random levels.
  • CONCLUSIONS: We have developed models that successfully discriminate between benign, borderline, and invasive ovarian tumors.
  • The random discrimination between primary and metastatic invasive tumors on temporal/external validation demonstrated once more the necessity of validation studies.
  • [MeSH-major] Algorithms. Models, Statistical. Ovarian Neoplasms / ultrasonography. Risk Assessment / methods

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  • (PMID = 20961457.001).
  • [ISSN] 1471-2288
  • [Journal-full-title] BMC medical research methodology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] BMC Med Res Methodol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't; Validation Studies
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC2988009
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97. Yoon BS, Kim YT, Kim S, Lee CS, Kim JW, Kim JH, Kim SW, Cho NH: Prognostic value of nuclear DNA quantification and cyclin A expression in epithelial ovarian carcinoma. Eur J Obstet Gynecol Reprod Biol; 2008 Jan;136(1):110-5
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  • [Title] Prognostic value of nuclear DNA quantification and cyclin A expression in epithelial ovarian carcinoma.
  • OBJECTIVE: To investigate the correlation of DNA ploidy, S-phase fraction (SPF) and the expression of cyclin A to the clinical prognostic factors in patients with epithelial ovarian cancer.
  • STUDY DESIGN: A prospective analysis was performed on 46 ovarian tumor patients.
  • RESULTS: Compared with benign and borderline tumors, the malignant tumors expressed higher levels of cyclin A (P=0.007), more aneuploid cells (P=0.018) and higher SPF (P=0.015).
  • With regard to DNA ploidy and the clinical prognostic factors, aneuploid cells increased with tumor grade (P=0.011), the disease stage (P=0.009) and residual volume (P=0.001).
  • When residual tumor was more than 2 cm, the expression of cyclin A was increased (P=0.043).
  • Three-year survival was low for patients with tumors expressing cyclin A in over 10% of cells (P=0.003).
  • CONCLUSIONS: The data suggest that the assessment of the DNA ploidy, SPF and the expression of cyclin A may provide important information for predicting the prognosis of epithelial ovarian cancer.
  • [MeSH-major] Cyclin A / metabolism. DNA, Neoplasm / analysis. Ovarian Neoplasms / genetics. Ploidies. S Phase
  • [MeSH-minor] Biomarkers / metabolism. Female. Flow Cytometry. Genetic Markers. Humans. Immunohistochemistry. Kaplan-Meier Estimate. Neoplasm Staging. Prognosis. Prospective Studies. Survival Rate

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  • (PMID = 17157431.001).
  • [ISSN] 0301-2115
  • [Journal-full-title] European journal of obstetrics, gynecology, and reproductive biology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Eur. J. Obstet. Gynecol. Reprod. Biol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] Ireland
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Biomarkers; 0 / Cyclin A; 0 / DNA, Neoplasm; 0 / Genetic Markers
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98. Lee JH, Zhang X, Shin BK, Lee ES, Kim I: Mac-2 binding protein and galectin-3 expression in mucinous tumours of the ovary: an annealing control primer system and immunohistochemical study. Pathology; 2009;41(3):229-33
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  • [Title] Mac-2 binding protein and galectin-3 expression in mucinous tumours of the ovary: an annealing control primer system and immunohistochemical study.
  • AIM: We used a new differential display method, the annealing control primer (ACP) system, to analyse the differentially expressed genes in mucinous ovarian tumours.
  • To verify the corresponding target gene, immunohistochemical staining was performed on various epithelial tumours of the ovary.
  • METHODS AND RESULTS: The ACP-based reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction revealed that 21 genes were upregulated in the mucinous ovarian adenoma and 14 genes were upregulated in the mucinous ovarian carcinoma.
  • Among them, we selected one upregulated gene, the Mac-2 binding protein (Mac-2 BP), and verified the expression of the Mac-2 BP and its ligand, galectin-3, in a variety of epithelial ovarian tumours by immunohistochemistry.
  • Positive expression of the Mac-2 BP was significantly higher in the mucinous ovarian tumours compared to the other epithelial tumours.
  • Mac-2 BP expression was significantly increased in the borderline and malignant tumours compared to the benign tumours.
  • However, there were no differences in galectin-3 expression in comparisons among benign, borderline and malignant mucinous and serous tumours.
  • CONCLUSION: These data indicate that the Mac-2 BP may play a role in the development and progression of mucinous ovarian tumours.
  • [MeSH-major] Antigens, Neoplasm / biosynthesis. Cystadenocarcinoma, Mucinous / metabolism. DNA Primers. Galectin 3 / biosynthesis. Gene Expression Profiling / methods. Membrane Glycoproteins / biosynthesis. Ovarian Neoplasms / metabolism
  • [MeSH-minor] Biomarkers, Tumor / analysis. Biomarkers, Tumor / genetics. Female. Gene Expression. Humans. Immunohistochemistry. Reverse Transcriptase Polymerase Chain Reaction / methods. Tissue Array Analysis

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  • (PMID = 19291534.001).
  • [ISSN] 1465-3931
  • [Journal-full-title] Pathology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Pathology
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Antigens, Neoplasm; 0 / Biomarkers, Tumor; 0 / DNA Primers; 0 / Galectin 3; 0 / Membrane Glycoproteins; 0 / TAA90K protein, human
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99. Hascalik S, Celik O, Sarac K, Meydanli MM, Alkan A, Mizrak B: Metabolic changes in pelvic lesions: findings at proton MR spectroscopic imaging. Gynecol Obstet Invest; 2005;60(3):121-7
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • RESULTS: Spectroscopy analysis of serous, mucinous and undifferentiated carcinoma of the ovary revealed Cho, lactate and lipid signals, but granulosa-theca cell tumor showed only a lipid signal.
  • The Cho signal was obtained from only 3 patients with mature cystic teratoma but none of the other benign ovarian tumors and pelvic abscesses.
  • A lipid signal was detected in 3 patients diagnosed with pelvic abscess and all benign ovarian tumors.
  • CONCLUSION: MRS demonstrates significant differences in metabolite concentration between benign and malignant ovarian tumors and pelvic abscesses.
  • MRS may therefore be helpful in the differential diagnosis of adnexal lesions.
  • [MeSH-major] Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy. Pelvic Neoplasms / metabolism. Pelvic Neoplasms / pathology
  • [MeSH-minor] Abdominal Abscess / metabolism. Abdominal Abscess / pathology. Adult. Aged. Choline / metabolism. Creatine / metabolism. Dermoid Cyst / metabolism. Dermoid Cyst / pathology. Diagnosis, Differential. Endometriosis / metabolism. Endometriosis / pathology. Female. Granular Cell Tumor / metabolism. Granular Cell Tumor / pathology. Humans. Lipid Metabolism. Middle Aged. Neoplasms, Cystic, Mucinous, and Serous / metabolism. Neoplasms, Cystic, Mucinous, and Serous / pathology. Ovarian Neoplasms / metabolism. Ovarian Neoplasms / pathology. Protons. Teratoma / metabolism. Teratoma / pathology

  • Hazardous Substances Data Bank. CREATINE .
  • Hazardous Substances Data Bank. CHOLINE CHLORIDE .
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  • [Copyright] Copyright (c) 2005 S. Karger AG, Basel.
  • (PMID = 15920339.001).
  • [ISSN] 0378-7346
  • [Journal-full-title] Gynecologic and obstetric investigation
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Gynecol. Obstet. Invest.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Switzerland
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Protons; MU72812GK0 / Creatine; N91BDP6H0X / Choline
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100. Samulak D, Wilczak M, Sporny S, Michalska M, Pieta B, Moszyński R, Sajdak S: Difficulties in the diagnosis of ovarian carcinoma: case report of squamous cell ovarian carcinoma in a 26-year-old woman. Eur J Gynaecol Oncol; 2010;31(4):452-5
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Difficulties in the diagnosis of ovarian carcinoma: case report of squamous cell ovarian carcinoma in a 26-year-old woman.
  • A 26-year-old woman who was admitted to the Gynecology Department with abdominal pain was later diagnosed with a multi-chamber tumor in the left ovary.
  • It was proposed that the patient should be operated on in order to remove the tumor, and a left salpingo-oophorectomy was performed.
  • During the intraoperative histopathological examination, the tumor was described as being benign.
  • However, in the final histopathological examination, a malignant neoplasm, a squamous cell carcinoma (G-2) of the ovary (pT1a), was found.
  • [MeSH-major] Carcinoma, Squamous Cell / diagnosis. Ovarian Neoplasms / diagnosis
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. CA-125 Antigen / blood. Female. Humans. Ovary / ultrasonography

  • Genetic Alliance. consumer health - Carcinoma, Squamous Cell.
  • MedlinePlus Health Information. consumer health - Ovarian Cancer.
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  • (PMID = 20882894.001).
  • [ISSN] 0392-2936
  • [Journal-full-title] European journal of gynaecological oncology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Eur. J. Gynaecol. Oncol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Italy
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / CA-125 Antigen
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