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1. Wan T, Liu JH, Zheng LM, Cai MY, Ding T: [Prognostic significance of tumor-associated macrophage infiltration in advanced epithelial ovarian carcinoma]. Ai Zheng; 2009 Mar;28(3):323-7
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  • [Title] [Prognostic significance of tumor-associated macrophage infiltration in advanced epithelial ovarian carcinoma].
  • BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Tumor-associated macrophage (TAM) infiltration promotes the progression of various malignancies.
  • This study was to investigate the influence of TAM infiltration on the survival and prognosis of patients with ovarian cancer.
  • METHODS: The expression of CD68, a TAM-specific marker, in 67 specimens of ovarian cancer and 22 specimens of benign ovarian lesion was detected by SP immunohistochemistry to investigate the density of TAM.
  • The correlation of TAM density to the prognosis of ovarian cancer was analyzed.
  • Cox multivariate proportional hazard model was used to analyze prognostic factors of ovarian cancer.
  • RESULTS: Observing under x 400 lens, the mean density of TAM was significantly higher in ovarian cancer than in benign ovarian lesions (57.7 vs. 25.3 per vision field, p<0.01).
  • The 5-year survival rate was significantly higher in low-density TAM group than in high-density TAM group of ovarian cancer patients (73.3% vs. 41.2%, p=0.01).
  • CONCLUSION: TAM infiltration is obvious in advanced ovarian cancer, which indicates poor prognosis.
  • [MeSH-minor] Adenocarcinoma / metabolism. Adenocarcinoma / pathology. Adenocarcinoma / surgery. Adult. Age Factors. Aged. Cystadenocarcinoma, Mucinous / metabolism. Cystadenocarcinoma, Mucinous / pathology. Cystadenocarcinoma, Mucinous / surgery. Female. Follow-Up Studies. Humans. Middle Aged. Neoplasm Invasiveness. Neoplasm Staging. Neoplasms, Glandular and Epithelial / metabolism. Neoplasms, Glandular and Epithelial / pathology. Neoplasms, Glandular and Epithelial / surgery. Ovarian Cysts / metabolism. Ovarian Cysts / pathology. Ovarian Neoplasms / metabolism. Ovarian Neoplasms / pathology. Ovarian Neoplasms / surgery. Proportional Hazards Models. Survival Rate

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  • (PMID = 19619451.001).
  • [Journal-full-title] Ai zheng = Aizheng = Chinese journal of cancer
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Ai Zheng
  • [Language] chi
  • [Publication-type] English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] China
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Antigens, CD; 0 / Antigens, Differentiation, Myelomonocytic; 0 / CD68 antigen, human; Ovarian epithelial cancer
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2. Chen YJ, Yuan CC, Chow KC, Wang PH, Lai CR, Yen MS, Wang LS: Overexpression of dihydrodiol dehydrogenase is associated with cisplatin-based chemotherapy resistance in ovarian cancer patients. Gynecol Oncol; 2005 Apr;97(1):110-7
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  • [Title] Overexpression of dihydrodiol dehydrogenase is associated with cisplatin-based chemotherapy resistance in ovarian cancer patients.
  • OBJECTIVE: Results of a recent study on human ovarian cancer cell lines indicated that overexpression of dihydrodiol dehydrogenase (DDH) was associated with resistance to cisplatin and disease progression.
  • We examined the relationships between DDH expression and chemotherapy resistance in ovarian cancer patients.
  • METHODS: Using immunohistochemistry, expression of DDH was measured in 41 patients with epithelial ovarian cancers.
  • Normal ovarian tissues were obtained from patients with benign gynecologic diseases (n = 14).
  • RESULTS: Eighteen ovarian cancer samples (43.9%) expressed DDH at a moderate to strong level.
  • Of interest, the clear cell adenocarcinoma revealed DDH overexpression (75%) and mucinous adenocarcinoma revealed low DDH expression (16.7%), although DDH expression did not show any significant variation according to different histotypes.
  • CONCLUSIONS: DDH is expressed in a high percentage of primary ovarian tumors and its expression may be associated with cisplatin-based chemotherapy resistance.
  • The possible prognostic role of DDH in ovarian carcinoma deserves further study.
  • [MeSH-major] Cisplatin / pharmacology. Ovarian Neoplasms / drug therapy. Ovarian Neoplasms / enzymology. Oxidoreductases / biosynthesis
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Aged. Aged, 80 and over. Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols / therapeutic use. DNA, Neoplasm / genetics. Drug Resistance, Neoplasm. Female. Humans. Immunohistochemistry. Middle Aged. Neoplasm Staging. RNA, Messenger / biosynthesis. RNA, Messenger / genetics. Reverse Transcriptase Polymerase Chain Reaction

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  • (PMID = 15790446.001).
  • [ISSN] 0090-8258
  • [Journal-full-title] Gynecologic oncology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Gynecol. Oncol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / DNA, Neoplasm; 0 / RNA, Messenger; EC 1.- / Oxidoreductases; EC 1.3.1.20 / trans-1,2-dihydrobenzene-1,2-diol dehydrogenase; Q20Q21Q62J / Cisplatin
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3. Li Q, Liu S, Lin B, Yan L, Wang Y, Wang C, Zhang S: Expression and correlation of Lewis y antigen and integrins α5 and β1 in ovarian serous and mucinous carcinoma. Int J Gynecol Cancer; 2010 Dec;20(9):1482-9
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  • [Title] Expression and correlation of Lewis y antigen and integrins α5 and β1 in ovarian serous and mucinous carcinoma.
  • INTRODUCTION: This study investigates the expression and the clinical significance of Lewis y and integrins α5 and β1 in serous and mucinous ovarian tumors and then evaluates the association between them.
  • METHODS: Lewis y and integrin α5 and β1 expression are detected on tissues from malignant, borderline, and benign ovarian serous and mucinous tumors and normal tissues.
  • RESULTS: Lewis y was mainly expressed in ovarian serous and mucinous cancers (88.33%); its positive rate was obviously higher than rates in the borderline (60.00%, P < 0.05) and benign ovarian tumors (35.00%, P < 0.01) and normal ovarian tissues (0, P < 0.01) and was not associated with clinicopathological characteristics.
  • Integrins α5 (85.00%) and β1 (81.67%) were also mainly expressed in ovarian serous and mucinous cancers; their positive rates were all obviously higher than those in benign ovarian tumors (60.00% and 55.00%, respectively; all P < 0.05) and normal tissues (40.00% and 30.00%, respectively; all P < 0.01).
  • The expression intensity of Lewis y and integrins α5 and β1 was significant with clinical stage and differentiation degree (all P < 0.05) in ovarian cancer; positive significant correlation between Lewis y antigen and integrins α5 and β1 was observed in serous and mucinous ovarian cancer tissues.
  • CONCLUSIONS: A close correlation between Lewis y, integrins α5 and β1, and ovarian cancer was observed.
  • Lewis y can influence the biological behavior of a tumor cell as an important composition of integrins α5 and β1 by some signal pathway, such as promoting cell adhesion and migration, and this study provides theoretical evidence of ovarian cancer biological treatment.
  • [MeSH-major] Adenocarcinoma, Mucinous / metabolism. Antigens, CD29 / metabolism. Cystadenocarcinoma, Serous / metabolism. Integrin alpha5 / metabolism. Lewis Blood-Group System / metabolism. Ovarian Neoplasms / metabolism
  • [MeSH-minor] Adolescent. Adult. Aged. Biomarkers, Tumor / analysis. Biomarkers, Tumor / metabolism. Case-Control Studies. Female. Humans. Integrin alpha5beta1 / metabolism. Middle Aged. Neoplasm Staging / methods. Prognosis. Young Adult

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  • (PMID = 21119363.001).
  • [ISSN] 1525-1438
  • [Journal-full-title] International journal of gynecological cancer : official journal of the International Gynecological Cancer Society
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Int. J. Gynecol. Cancer
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Evaluation Studies; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Antigens, CD29; 0 / Biomarkers, Tumor; 0 / Integrin alpha5; 0 / Integrin alpha5beta1; 0 / Lewis Blood-Group System; 0 / Lewis Y antigen
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4. Timofeev J, Galgano MT, Stoler MH, Lachance JA, Modesitt SC, Jazaeri AA: Appendiceal pathology at the time of oophorectomy for ovarian neoplasms. Obstet Gynecol; 2010 Dec;116(6):1348-53
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  • [Title] Appendiceal pathology at the time of oophorectomy for ovarian neoplasms.
  • OBJECTIVE: To investigate the prevalence of appendiceal pathology in women undergoing surgery for a suspected ovarian neoplasm and the predictive value of intraoperative findings to determine the need for appendectomy at the time of surgery.
  • Observations were stratified based on the nature (benign, borderline, or malignant) and histology (serous compared with mucinous) of the ovarian neoplasm, frozen compared with final pathological diagnosis, and the gross appearance of the appendix.
  • RESULTS: Among the 191 patients identified, frozen section was consistent with seven mucinous and 35 serous carcinomas, 16 serous and 33 mucinous borderline tumors, 71 mucinous and serous cystadenomas, and 29 cases of suspected metastatic tumor from a gastrointestinal primary.
  • The highest rates of coexisting appendiceal pathology were associated with serous ovarian cancers (94.4% of grossly abnormal and 35.3% of normal appendices) and ovarian tumors suspected to be of primary gastrointestinal origin (83.3% grossly abnormal and 60.0% normal appendices harbored coexisting mucinous neoplasms).
  • Linear regression analysis revealed that appearance of the appendix and frozen section diagnosis of the ovarian pathology were statistically significant predictors of coexisting appendiceal pathology, but the latter was more important.
  • CONCLUSION: The prevalence of coexisting, clinically significant appendiceal pathology is low with a frozen section diagnosis of serous or mucinous cystadenoma.
  • Appendectomy is recommended when frozen section diagnosis is mucinous or serous ovarian carcinoma, borderline tumor or metastatic carcinoma of suspected gastrointestinal origin.
  • [MeSH-major] Appendectomy. Ovarian Neoplasms / surgery. Ovariectomy

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  • (PMID = 21099601.001).
  • [ISSN] 1873-233X
  • [Journal-full-title] Obstetrics and gynecology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Obstet Gynecol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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5. Cai Z, Li YF, Liu FY, Feng YL, Hou JH, Zhao MQ: [Expression and clinical significance of uPA and PAI-1 in epithelial ovarian cancer]. Ai Zheng; 2007 Mar;26(3):312-7
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  • [Title] [Expression and clinical significance of uPA and PAI-1 in epithelial ovarian cancer].
  • However, their correlations to epithelial ovarian cancer have seldom been reported.
  • This study was to investigate the roles of uPA and PAI-1 in the invasion and metastasis of epithelial ovarian cancer, to clarify their localization and relationship with prognosis.
  • METHODS: Immunohistochemistry was applied to examine the protein expression of uPA and PAI-1 in 80 specimens of epithelial ovarian cancer and 20 specimens of benign ovarian tumor.
  • RESULTS: The positive rates of uPA and PAI-1 were significantly higher in epithelial ovarian cancer than in benign ovarian tumor (77.5% vs. 30.0%, P<0.001; 55.0% vs. 20.0%, P=0.005).
  • uPA expression was correlated positively to PAI-1 expression in epithelial ovarian cancer (P=0.001).
  • Higher positive rate of uPA was associated with greater metastatic tumor in the peritoneal cavity (P=0.038), but not associated with age, FIGO stage, histological type, pathologic grade, serum CA125 level, ovarian tumor size, and the size of residual tumor (P>0.05).
  • CONCLUSION: Both uPA and PAI-1 are up-regulated in epithelial ovarian cancer, and might be used as markers to predict the prognosis of epithelial ovarian cancer patients.
  • [MeSH-major] Cystadenocarcinoma, Mucinous / metabolism. Cystadenocarcinoma, Serous / metabolism. Ovarian Neoplasms / metabolism. Plasminogen Activator Inhibitor 1 / metabolism. Urokinase-Type Plasminogen Activator / metabolism
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Aged. CA-125 Antigen / blood. Chemotherapy, Adjuvant. Disease-Free Survival. Female. Humans. Lymphatic Metastasis. Middle Aged. Multivariate Analysis. Neoplasm Staging. Proportional Hazards Models. Survival Rate. Young Adult

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  • (PMID = 17355798.001).
  • [Journal-full-title] Ai zheng = Aizheng = Chinese journal of cancer
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Ai Zheng
  • [Language] chi
  • [Publication-type] English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] China
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / CA-125 Antigen; 0 / Plasminogen Activator Inhibitor 1; EC 3.4.21.73 / Urokinase-Type Plasminogen Activator
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6. Byrne JA, Balleine RL, Schoenberg Fejzo M, Mercieca J, Chiew YE, Livnat Y, St Heaps L, Peters GB, Byth K, Karlan BY, Slamon DJ, Harnett P, Defazio A: Tumor protein D52 (TPD52) is overexpressed and a gene amplification target in ovarian cancer. Int J Cancer; 2005 Dec 20;117(6):1049-54
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  • [Title] Tumor protein D52 (TPD52) is overexpressed and a gene amplification target in ovarian cancer.
  • Recurrent chromosome 8q gain in ovarian carcinoma is likely to reflect the existence of multiple target loci, as the separate gain of chromosome bands 8q21 and 8q24 has been reported in independent studies.
  • Since tumor protein D52 (TPD52) has been identified as a chromosome 8q21 amplification target in breast and prostate carcinoma, we compared TPD52 expression in normal ovarian epithelium (n = 9), benign serous adenomas (n = 11), serous borderline tumors (n = 6) and invasive carcinomas of the major histologic subtypes (n = 57) using immunohistochemistry.
  • These analyses revealed that all normal ovarian epithelium samples and benign serous tumors were predominantly TPD52-negative, whereas TPD52 was overexpressed in most (44/57; 77%) ovarian carcinomas regardless of histologic subtype.
  • TPD52 subcellular localization was predominantly cytoplasmic, although nuclear localization was also frequently observed in mucinous and clear cell carcinomas.
  • TPD52 therefore represents a novel molecular marker in ovarian cancer, which is broadly expressed across the different histologic subtypes and whose upregulation frequently reflects increased TPD52 copy number.
  • [MeSH-major] Gene Amplification / genetics. Gene Expression. Neoplasm Proteins / genetics. Ovarian Neoplasms / genetics
  • [MeSH-minor] Biomarkers, Tumor / analysis. CA-125 Antigen / blood. Chromosomes, Human, Pair 8. Female. Humans. Immunohistochemistry. In Situ Hybridization, Fluorescence. Middle Aged. Ovary / chemistry

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  • [Copyright] Copyright 2005 Wiley-Liss, Inc
  • (PMID = 15986428.001).
  • [ISSN] 0020-7136
  • [Journal-full-title] International journal of cancer
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Int. J. Cancer
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Biomarkers, Tumor; 0 / CA-125 Antigen; 0 / Neoplasm Proteins; 0 / TPD52 protein, human
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7. Mayr D, Hirschmann A, Löhrs U, Diebold J: KRAS and BRAF mutations in ovarian tumors: a comprehensive study of invasive carcinomas, borderline tumors and extraovarian implants. Gynecol Oncol; 2006 Dec;103(3):883-7
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  • [Title] KRAS and BRAF mutations in ovarian tumors: a comprehensive study of invasive carcinomas, borderline tumors and extraovarian implants.
  • Data concerning other types of ovarian tumors are scarce.
  • Therefore, we assessed KRAS and BRAF mutation in a series of more than 100 different ovarian tumors.
  • METHODS: Paraffin-embedded material, including invasive carcinomas, borderline tumors, benign lesions and implants, was used.
  • The remaining three cases were invasive carcinomas of endometrioid (mutation on codon 600), mucinous (mutation on codon 600) and clear cell (mutation on codon 615) subtype.
  • There was no BRAF mutation in mucinous borderline tumors.
  • The 11 positive borderline tumors (10.7%) were of serous (22.2%) and of mucinous type (46.6%).
  • There was a KRAS mutation in a serous and a mucinous invasive carcinoma each.
  • [MeSH-major] Genes, ras / genetics. Ovarian Neoplasms / genetics. Proto-Oncogene Proteins B-raf / genetics
  • [MeSH-minor] Adenocarcinoma, Clear Cell / genetics. Adenocarcinoma, Clear Cell / pathology. Adult. Aged. Aged, 80 and over. Carcinoma, Endometrioid / genetics. Carcinoma, Endometrioid / pathology. Cystadenocarcinoma, Mucinous / genetics. Cystadenocarcinoma, Mucinous / pathology. Cystadenocarcinoma, Serous / genetics. Cystadenocarcinoma, Serous / pathology. DNA, Neoplasm / analysis. Female. Humans. Middle Aged. Mutation. Neoplasm Invasiveness. Neoplasm Metastasis. Polymerase Chain Reaction

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  • (PMID = 16806438.001).
  • [ISSN] 0090-8258
  • [Journal-full-title] Gynecologic oncology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Gynecol. Oncol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Evaluation Studies; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / DNA, Neoplasm; EC 2.7.11.1 / Proto-Oncogene Proteins B-raf
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8. Zhang LL, Shao SL, Wu Y: [Expressions of osteopontin and B7-H4 in epithelial ovarian neoplasm and their significance]. Chin J Cancer; 2010 Jan;29(1):25-9
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  • [Title] [Expressions of osteopontin and B7-H4 in epithelial ovarian neoplasm and their significance].
  • BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Epithelial ovarian cancer involves a number of factors.
  • Recent studies have shown that osteopontin (OPN) is related to the occurrence and development of a variety of tumors, but few studies are on ovarian cancer.
  • B7-H4 is a newly identified tumor marker in ovarian cancer.
  • This study explored the expression of OPN and B7-H4 and their clinical significance in epithelial ovarian tumors.
  • METHODS: The expression of OPN and B7-H4 in 15 cases of normal ovarian tissue, 20 of benign ovarian tumor tissue, 20 of borderline ovarian tumor tissue, and 40 of ovarian cancer tissue were detected by immunohistochemistry, and the relationship of OPN and B7-H4 expression to clinical and pathologic features of ovarian cancer was analyzed.
  • RESULTS: The expression of OPN and B7-H4 were significantly higher in ovarian cancer than in borderline and benign tumors (P<0.05).
  • The positive rates of OPN and B7-H4 were significantly higher in poorly differentiated ovarian cancer than in medium and highly differentiated ovarian cancer (P<0.05), and the levels of expression were significantly lower in tissue at stages I and III of ovarian cancer than in stages III and IV (P<0.05).
  • The positive rate of B7-H4 were significantly higher in ovarian serous carcinoma than in the mucinous carcinoma (P<0.05), but did not relate to age and lymph node metastasis.
  • CONCLUSION: The expression of OPN and B7-H4 increased in epithelial ovarian cancer, which could be referenced in the diagnosis of ovarian malignant tumors.
  • [MeSH-major] Cystadenocarcinoma, Serous / metabolism. Neoplasms, Glandular and Epithelial / metabolism. Osteopontin / metabolism. Ovarian Neoplasms / metabolism. V-Set Domain-Containing T-Cell Activation Inhibitor 1 / metabolism
  • [MeSH-minor] Adenocarcinoma, Mucinous / diagnosis. Adenocarcinoma, Mucinous / metabolism. Adenocarcinoma, Mucinous / pathology. Adolescent. Adult. Aged. Female. Gene Expression Regulation, Neoplastic. Humans. Lymphatic Metastasis. Middle Aged. Neoplasm Staging. Ovary / metabolism. Young Adult

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  • (PMID = 20038306.001).
  • [ISSN] 1000-467X
  • [Journal-full-title] Chinese journal of cancer
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Chin J Cancer
  • [Language] chi
  • [Publication-type] English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] China
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / SPP1 protein, human; 0 / V-Set Domain-Containing T-Cell Activation Inhibitor 1; 106441-73-0 / Osteopontin; Ovarian epithelial cancer
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9. Kitagawa H, Okabayashi T, Nishimori I, Kobayashi M, Sugimoto T, Akimori T, Kohsaki T, Miyaji E, Onishi S, Araki K: Rapid growth of mucinous cystic adenoma of the pancreas following pregnancy. Int J Gastrointest Cancer; 2006;37(1):45-8
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  • [Title] Rapid growth of mucinous cystic adenoma of the pancreas following pregnancy.
  • At 8 mo postpartum, she became aware of an upper abdominal tumor.
  • The patient underwent tumor resection at 11 mo postpartum.
  • Pathological examination of the tumor revealed mucin-producing columnar epithelial cells lining the cystic wall with ovarian-type stromal tissue and no findings indicative of malignancy, giving a diagnosis of mucinous cystic adenoma of the pancreas.
  • Postpartum rapid growth of a benign mucinous cystic neoplasm might be linked to the production of female sex hormones during lactation.
  • [MeSH-major] Adenoma / pathology. Cystadenocarcinoma, Mucinous / pathology. Pancreatic Neoplasms / pathology. Pregnancy Complications, Neoplastic / pathology

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  • [Cites] Am Surg. 1999 Feb;65(2):105-11 [9926740.001]
  • [Cites] Pancreas. 2004 Apr;28(3):241-6 [15084964.001]
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  • (PMID = 17290080.001).
  • [ISSN] 1537-3649
  • [Journal-full-title] International journal of gastrointestinal cancer
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Int J Gastrointest Cancer
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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10. Litkouhi B, Litkouhi B, Fleming E, Welch WR, Berkowitz RS, Birrer MJ, Mok SC: Overexpression of CEACAM6 in borderline and invasive mucinous ovarian neoplasms. Gynecol Oncol; 2008 May;109(2):234-9
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  • [Title] Overexpression of CEACAM6 in borderline and invasive mucinous ovarian neoplasms.
  • OBJECTIVE: Identifying markers specific for mucinous ovarian neoplasms (MON) is important for cancer diagnosis and surveillance, and will help improve our general understanding of the pathobiology of these tumors.
  • METHODS: Western blot compared CEACAM6 expression in normal human ovarian surface epithelium (HOSE) and ovarian cancer cell lines.
  • Quantitative RT-PCR (qRT-PCR) was performed on 75 laser-microdissected HOSE and ovarian cancer tissue samples.
  • RESULTS: CEACAM6 was expressed in 2 of 3 mucinous cancer cell lines.
  • 100-fold CEACAM6 overexpression (qRT-PCR) was demonstrated in 13/16 (81%) borderline, low-grade, and high-grade invasive MON's, compared to 5/50 (10%) serous and 1/5 (20%) benign mucinous samples.
  • CEACAM6 expression was not different between borderline and invasive MON's (p=0.55) or across tumor stage (p=0.76).
  • None of the serous or benign mucinous tumors exhibited CEACAM6 staining.
  • [MeSH-major] Adenocarcinoma, Mucinous / metabolism. Adenocarcinoma, Mucinous / pathology. Antigens, CD / metabolism. Cell Adhesion Molecules / metabolism. Neoplasm Invasiveness. Ovarian Neoplasms / metabolism. Ovarian Neoplasms / pathology
  • [MeSH-minor] Adenocarcinoma / metabolism. Blotting, Western. Cell Line, Tumor. Cystadenocarcinoma, Serous / metabolism. Epithelium / metabolism. Female. GPI-Linked Proteins. Humans. Immunohistochemistry / methods. Ovary / metabolism. Reverse Transcriptase Polymerase Chain Reaction. Staining and Labeling. Up-Regulation

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  • (PMID = 18331757.001).
  • [ISSN] 1095-6859
  • [Journal-full-title] Gynecologic oncology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Gynecol. Oncol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Grant] United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / P50CA165009; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / R33CA103595; United States / Intramural NIH HHS / /
  • [Publication-type] Comparative Study; Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural; Research Support, N.I.H., Intramural; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Antigens, CD; 0 / CEACAM6 protein, human; 0 / Cell Adhesion Molecules; 0 / GPI-Linked Proteins
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11. Tassi RA, Bignotti E, Rossi E, Falchetti M, Donzelli C, Calza S, Ravaggi A, Bandiera E, Pecorelli S, Santin AD: Overexpression of mammaglobin B in epithelial ovarian carcinomas. Gynecol Oncol; 2007 Jun;105(3):578-85
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  • [Title] Overexpression of mammaglobin B in epithelial ovarian carcinomas.
  • OBJECTIVE: Mammaglobin B is a uteroglobin gene family member recently found highly differentially expressed in serous papillary ovarian cancer by gene expression profiling.
  • In order to evaluate its potential as a novel ovarian cancer biomarker, in this study we quantified and compared Mammaglobin B expression in various histologic types of epithelial ovarian carcinomas (EOC).
  • METHODS: Mammaglobin B expression was evaluated by real-time PCR and/or immunohistochemistry in fresh-frozen biopsies and paraffin-embedded tissues derived from a total of 137 patients including 69 primary EOC with different histologies, 28 serous papillary omental metastasis, 8 borderline tumors, 26 benign cystadenomas and 14 normal ovaries.
  • RESULTS: High levels of Mammaglobin B gene expression were detected in 100% (68 out of 68) of the ovarian cancer biopsies tested by real-time PCR.
  • In contrast, normal human ovarian surface epithelium (HOSE) expressed negligible levels of Mammaglobin B mRNA (EOC versus HOSE, p<0.01).
  • Although Mammaglobin B gene expression levels were higher in endometrioid, mucinous and undifferentiated tumors when compared to serous papillary tumors, clear cell tumors and those with mixed histology, these differences were not statistically significant.
  • In agreement with real-time PCR results, EOC were found to express significantly higher levels of Mammaglobin B protein when compared to normal ovaries and benign cystadenomas (p<0.01).
  • CONCLUSIONS: Mammaglobin B gene is highly expressed in EOC and may represent a novel molecular marker for multiple histological types of ovarian cancer.
  • Additional studies to evaluate the clinical utility of Mammaglobin B as a diagnostic and/or therapeutic target in ovarian cancer are warranted.
  • [MeSH-major] Neoplasm Proteins / biosynthesis. Ovarian Neoplasms / immunology. Uteroglobin / biosynthesis
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Aged. Aged, 80 and over. Biomarkers, Tumor / biosynthesis. Biomarkers, Tumor / genetics. Cell Line, Tumor. Female. Gene Expression. Humans. Immunohistochemistry. Mammaglobin B. Middle Aged. Myelin Proteins. Polymerase Chain Reaction. Proteolipids. Secretoglobins

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  • (PMID = 17343903.001).
  • [ISSN] 0090-8258
  • [Journal-full-title] Gynecologic oncology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Gynecol. Oncol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Biomarkers, Tumor; 0 / Mammaglobin B; 0 / Myelin Proteins; 0 / Neoplasm Proteins; 0 / Proteolipids; 0 / SCGB2A1 protein, human; 0 / Secretoglobins; 9060-09-7 / Uteroglobin
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12. Wang H, Rosen DG, Wang H, Fuller GN, Zhang W, Liu J: Insulin-like growth factor-binding protein 2 and 5 are differentially regulated in ovarian cancer of different histologic types. Mod Pathol; 2006 Sep;19(9):1149-56
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  • [Title] Insulin-like growth factor-binding protein 2 and 5 are differentially regulated in ovarian cancer of different histologic types.
  • Overexpression of IGFBP2 and IGFBP5 contributes to the invasiveness and progression of several human cancers, but their role and clinical significance in ovarian cancer has not been investigated in detail.
  • We examined IGFBP2 and IGFBP5 expression levels using two tissue microarrays, one containing six normal surface epithelium, six benign serous cysts, 10 serous borderline tumors, eight low-grade, and 20 high-grade serous carcinomas.
  • The other comprising 441 ovarian cancers of different histologic types linked to a clinicopathologic database.
  • Each tumor was sampled in duplicate with a 1.0-mm punch core needle.
  • IGFBP2 and IGFBP5 were overexpressed in high-grade serous carcinomas compared to normal surface epithelium, benign serous cysts, serous borderline tumors, or low-grade serous carcinoma.
  • They were differentially expressed in different types of ovarian carcinomas, being more often expressed at high levels in high-grade serous carcinoma, malignant mixed mullerian tumors and undifferentiated carcinoma, and more often expressed at low levels or not at all in clear cell and mucinous carcinomas.
  • We concluded that IGFBP2 and IGFBP5 might play a role in the development of high-grade ovarian serous carcinoma, but not in mucinous or clear cell ovarian carcinomas.
  • [MeSH-major] Carcinoma / metabolism. Insulin-Like Growth Factor Binding Protein 2 / metabolism. Insulin-Like Growth Factor Binding Protein 5 / metabolism. Ovarian Neoplasms / metabolism
  • [MeSH-minor] Adenocarcinoma, Clear Cell / metabolism. Adenocarcinoma, Clear Cell / mortality. Adenocarcinoma, Clear Cell / pathology. Adenocarcinoma, Mucinous / metabolism. Adenocarcinoma, Mucinous / mortality. Adenocarcinoma, Mucinous / pathology. Biomarkers, Tumor / metabolism. Carcinoma, Endometrioid / metabolism. Carcinoma, Endometrioid / mortality. Carcinoma, Endometrioid / pathology. Cystadenocarcinoma, Serous / metabolism. Cystadenocarcinoma, Serous / mortality. Cystadenocarcinoma, Serous / pathology. Female. Fluorescent Antibody Technique, Indirect. Humans. Image Processing, Computer-Assisted. Immunoenzyme Techniques. Neoplasm Staging. Survival Rate. Tissue Array Analysis

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  • [Copyright] Published online 26 May 2006.
  • (PMID = 16729015.001).
  • [ISSN] 0893-3952
  • [Journal-full-title] Modern pathology : an official journal of the United States and Canadian Academy of Pathology, Inc
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Mod. Pathol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Biomarkers, Tumor; 0 / Insulin-Like Growth Factor Binding Protein 2; 0 / Insulin-Like Growth Factor Binding Protein 5
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13. Maeda D, Ota S, Takazawa Y, Aburatani H, Nakagawa S, Yano T, Taketani Y, Kodama T, Fukayama M: Glypican-3 expression in clear cell adenocarcinoma of the ovary. Mod Pathol; 2009 Jun;22(6):824-32
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  • Glypican-3 is a heparan sulfate proteoglycan that is overexpressed in various neoplasms such as hepatocellular carcinoma, malignant melanoma, and testicular yolk sac tumor.
  • Glypican-3 is currently regarded as a tumor marker and potential target for immunotherapy.
  • To clarify the significance of glypican-3 expression in ovarian clear cell adenocarcinoma, we evaluated glypican-3 expression by immunohistochemistry in nonneoplastic and neoplastic ovaries, and other Müllerian duct derivatives including endometrium in different menstrual phases.
  • Among the benign lesions examined, glypican-3 expression was identified exclusively in the endometrial epithelium in the gestational period.
  • A total of 213 cases of ovarian adenocarcinoma, including 94 clear cell adenocarcinomas, were studied.
  • Glypican-3 expression was observed in 44% of clear cell adenocarcinomas, whereas it was rarely observed in other histological subtypes: mucinous (4%), endometrioid (5%), and serous (11%; P<0.0001).
  • All six ovarian yolk sac tumors showed diffuse immunoreactivity for glypican-3.
  • In cases of clear cell adenocarcinoma, no correlations were found between glypican-3 expression and clinicopathological factors, such as tumor stage, lymph node metastasis, peritoneal dissemination, and death rate.
  • Our results suggest that overexpression of glypican-3 may be related to the development and aggressive behavior of ovarian clear cell adenocarcinoma.
  • [MeSH-major] Adenocarcinoma, Clear Cell / metabolism. Biomarkers, Tumor / analysis. Glypicans / biosynthesis. Ovarian Neoplasms / metabolism
  • [MeSH-minor] Female. Humans. Immunohistochemistry. Kaplan-Meier Estimate. Middle Aged. Neoplasm Staging

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  • (PMID = 19329941.001).
  • [ISSN] 1530-0285
  • [Journal-full-title] Modern pathology : an official journal of the United States and Canadian Academy of Pathology, Inc
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Mod. Pathol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Biomarkers, Tumor; 0 / Glypicans
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14. Ye B, Skates S, Mok SC, Horick NK, Rosenberg HF, Vitonis A, Edwards D, Sluss P, Han WK, Berkowitz RS, Cramer DW: Proteomic-based discovery and characterization of glycosylated eosinophil-derived neurotoxin and COOH-terminal osteopontin fragments for ovarian cancer in urine. Clin Cancer Res; 2006 Jan 15;12(2):432-41
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  • [Title] Proteomic-based discovery and characterization of glycosylated eosinophil-derived neurotoxin and COOH-terminal osteopontin fragments for ovarian cancer in urine.
  • PURPOSE: The objective was to identify and characterize low molecular weight proteins/peptides in urine and their posttranslational modifications that might be used as a screening tool for ovarian cancer.
  • EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN: Urine samples collected preoperatively from postmenopausal women with ovarian cancer and benign conditions and from nonsurgical controls were analyzed by surface-enhanced laser desorption/ionization mass spectrometry and two-dimensional gel electrophoresis.
  • Quantitative and semiquantitative ELISAs were developed for preliminary validation in patients of 128 ovarian cancer, 52 benign conditions, 44 other cancers, and 188 healthy controls.
  • RESULTS: A protein (m/z approximately 17,400) with higher peak intensities in cancer patients than in benign conditions and controls was identified and subsequently defined as eosinophil-derived neurotoxin (EDN).
  • A glycosylated form of EDN was specifically elevated in ovarian cancer patients.
  • Modified forms EDN and osteopontin fragments were elevated in early-stage ovarian cancers and a combination of both resulted to 93% specificity and 72% sensitivity.
  • CONCLUSIONS: Specific elevated posttranslationally modified urinary EDN and osteopontin COOH-terminal fragments in ovarian cancer might lead to potential noninvasive screening tests for early diagnosis.
  • [MeSH-major] Biomarkers, Tumor / urine. Eosinophil-Derived Neurotoxin / urine. Neoplasms, Glandular and Epithelial / urine. Ovarian Neoplasms / urine. Sialoglycoproteins / urine
  • [MeSH-minor] Adenocarcinoma, Clear Cell / pathology. Adenocarcinoma, Clear Cell / surgery. Adenocarcinoma, Clear Cell / urine. Adenocarcinoma, Mucinous / pathology. Adenocarcinoma, Mucinous / surgery. Adenocarcinoma, Mucinous / urine. Amino Acid Sequence. Carcinoma, Endometrioid / pathology. Carcinoma, Endometrioid / surgery. Carcinoma, Endometrioid / urine. Case-Control Studies. Cystadenocarcinoma, Serous / pathology. Cystadenocarcinoma, Serous / surgery. Cystadenocarcinoma, Serous / urine. Electrophoresis, Gel, Two-Dimensional. Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay. Female. Glycosylation. Humans. Molecular Sequence Data. Neoplasm Invasiveness. Osteopontin. Prognosis. Proteome. Spectrometry, Mass, Matrix-Assisted Laser Desorption-Ionization

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  • [CommentIn] Clin Cancer Res. 2006 Jan 15;12(2):323-7 [16428467.001]
  • (PMID = 16428483.001).
  • [ISSN] 1078-0432
  • [Journal-full-title] Clinical cancer research : an official journal of the American Association for Cancer Research
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Clin. Cancer Res.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Grant] United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / 1P50 CA 105009; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / R21 CA 111949-01; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / U01 CA 86381
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Multicenter Study; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Biomarkers, Tumor; 0 / Proteome; 0 / SPP1 protein, human; 0 / Sialoglycoproteins; 106441-73-0 / Osteopontin; EC 3.1.- / Eosinophil-Derived Neurotoxin
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15. Oku T, Maeda M, Wada Y, Waga E, Ono K, Nagamachi Y, Fujii S, Fujita M, Misu K, Senmaru N, Suzuki Y, Nagashima K, Niitsu Y: Intraductal oncocytic papillary neoplasm having clinical characteristics of mucinous cystic neoplasm and a benign histology. JOP; 2007;8(2):206-13
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  • [Title] Intraductal oncocytic papillary neoplasm having clinical characteristics of mucinous cystic neoplasm and a benign histology.
  • CONTEXT: An intraductal oncocytic papillary neoplasm is a rare pancreatic tumor which was first described by Adsay et al. in 1996.
  • The cellular atypism was mild and the proliferating index was low, compatible with adenoma of an intraductal oncocytic papillary neoplasm.
  • Although no ovarian type stroma was identified, in our case, no communication to main pancreatic duct (located in the pancreatic body) and rapid growth by intracystic hemorrhage were clinical characteristics of a mucinous cystic neoplasm, but not IPMN.
  • CONCLUSION: With only 17 cases reported to date, the clinical and pathological details of an intraductal oncocytic papillary neoplasm are still unclear.
  • To our knowledge, this is the first case report of an intraductal oncocytic papillary neoplasm with the clinical characteristics of a mucinous cystic neoplasm.
  • [MeSH-major] Carcinoma, Pancreatic Ductal / pathology. Carcinoma, Papillary / pathology. Cystadenocarcinoma, Mucinous / pathology. Pancreatic Neoplasms / pathology

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  • (PMID = 17356245.001).
  • [ISSN] 1590-8577
  • [Journal-full-title] JOP : Journal of the pancreas
  • [ISO-abbreviation] JOP
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Italy
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16. Lancaster JM, Sayer RA, Blanchette C, Calingaert B, Konidari I, Gray J, Schildkraut J, Schomberg DW, Marks JR, Berchuck A: High expression of insulin-like growth factor binding protein-2 messenger RNA in epithelial ovarian cancers produces elevated preoperative serum levels. Int J Gynecol Cancer; 2006 Jul-Aug;16(4):1529-35
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  • [Title] High expression of insulin-like growth factor binding protein-2 messenger RNA in epithelial ovarian cancers produces elevated preoperative serum levels.
  • The molecular etiology of epithelial ovarian cancer remains unclear.
  • Using microarray expression analysis, we recently reported that expression of the insulin-like growth factor binding protein-2 (IGFBP-2) gene is elevated in advanced epithelial ovarian cancers.
  • The aim of this study was to further delineate the role of IGFBP-2 in the pathoetiology of epithelial ovarian cancer and determine if elevated ovarian cancer IGFBP-2 gene expression is reflected in serum.
  • Relative IGFBP-2 expression was measured using quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction in 113 epithelial ovarian cancers and 6 normal ovarian surface epithelial samples.
  • Preoperative serum IGFBP-2 levels were measured by radioimmunoassay in 84 women (42 ovarian cancers, 26 benign gynecological conditions, and 10 healthy female controls).
  • Ovarian cancers demonstrated 38-fold higher mean IGFBP-2 expression than normal ovarian epithelium (P < 0.01).
  • Serum IGFBP-2 levels were elevated in women with early- and advanced-stage ovarian cancer compared to controls and patients with benign gynecological conditions (P = 0.05 and P < 0.01, respectively).
  • Epithelial ovarian cancers express high levels of IGFBP-2 relative to normal ovarian epithelium, and this is associated with elevated serum IGFBP-2 levels compared to both normal controls and patients with benign gynecological disease.
  • Our findings provide further support that the insulin-like growth factor pathway plays a significant role in epithelial ovarian cancer pathogenesis.
  • Further, IGFBP-2 may represent an additional serum biomarker with utility in detection and monitoring of epithelial ovarian cancer.
  • [MeSH-major] Biomarkers, Tumor / blood. Gene Expression Regulation, Neoplastic / genetics. Insulin-Like Growth Factor Binding Protein 2 / blood. Neoplasms, Glandular and Epithelial / blood. Ovarian Neoplasms / blood. RNA, Messenger / blood
  • [MeSH-minor] Adenocarcinoma, Clear Cell / blood. Adenocarcinoma, Clear Cell / genetics. Adenocarcinoma, Clear Cell / surgery. Adenocarcinoma, Mucinous / blood. Adenocarcinoma, Mucinous / genetics. Adenocarcinoma, Mucinous / surgery. CA-125 Antigen / blood. Case-Control Studies. Cystadenocarcinoma, Serous / blood. Cystadenocarcinoma, Serous / genetics. Cystadenocarcinoma, Serous / surgery. Endometrial Neoplasms / blood. Endometrial Neoplasms / genetics. Endometrial Neoplasms / surgery. Female. Humans. Immunoenzyme Techniques. Neoplasm Staging. Ovarian Cysts / blood. Ovarian Cysts / genetics. Ovary / pathology. Precancerous Conditions / blood. Precancerous Conditions / genetics. Precancerous Conditions / surgery. Preoperative Care. Reverse Transcriptase Polymerase Chain Reaction

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  • (PMID = 16884361.001).
  • [ISSN] 1048-891X
  • [Journal-full-title] International journal of gynecological cancer : official journal of the International Gynecological Cancer Society
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Int. J. Gynecol. Cancer
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Comparative Study; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Biomarkers, Tumor; 0 / CA-125 Antigen; 0 / Insulin-Like Growth Factor Binding Protein 2; 0 / RNA, Messenger
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17. Hakamada K, Miura T, Kimura A, Nara M, Toyoki Y, Narumi S, Sasak M: Anaplastic carcinoma associated with a mucinous cystic neoplasm of the pancreas during pregnancy: report of a case and a review of the literature. World J Gastroenterol; 2008 Jan 7;14(1):132-5
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  • [Title] Anaplastic carcinoma associated with a mucinous cystic neoplasm of the pancreas during pregnancy: report of a case and a review of the literature.
  • We herein report an unusual case of anaplastic carcinoma occurring with a recurrent mucinous cystic neoplasm in a 38-year-old female.
  • A 10-cm retroperitoneal cystic mass was pointed out in the first pregnancy and a probable diagnosis of mucinous cystic neoplasm was made in October 2000.
  • During her second pregnancy in 2002, however, she presented hematemesis and underwent urgent distal pancreatectomy, splenectomy and partial resection of the gastric wall where the tumor perforated.
  • A diagnosis of borderline-type mucinous cystic neoplasm with ovarian-like stroma was made.
  • Nine months later, CT visualized a recurrent cystic tumor near the pancreatic stump, which was subsequently resected.
  • Pathology revealed that the tumor was composed of two different components of borderline-type mucinous cystic neoplasm and anaplastic carcinoma.
  • She survived four years after the second surgery without tumor recurrence.
  • Although the origin of anaplastic carcinoma has not been determined yet, it should be remembered that anaplastic carcinoma can occur in association with mucinous cystic neoplasm of more benign histology.
  • [MeSH-major] Carcinoma / pathology. Neoplasms, Cystic, Mucinous, and Serous / pathology. Pancreatic Neoplasms / pathology. Pregnancy Complications, Neoplastic / pathology

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  • [Cites] West J Med. 1982 Feb;136(2):157-62 [6278785.001]
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  • (PMID = 18176976.001).
  • [ISSN] 1007-9327
  • [Journal-full-title] World journal of gastroenterology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] World J. Gastroenterol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] China
  • [Number-of-references] 14
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC2673378
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18. Chiesa AG, Deavers MT, Veras E, Silva EG, Gershenson D, Malpica A: Ovarian intestinal type mucinous borderline tumors: are we ready for a nomenclature change? Int J Gynecol Pathol; 2010 Mar;29(2):108-12
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  • [Title] Ovarian intestinal type mucinous borderline tumors: are we ready for a nomenclature change?
  • At a National Cancer Institute-sponsored workshop it was proposed that the borderline category of ovarian intestinal-type mucinous tumors (OInMTs) could be eliminated if the apparent benign behavior of these tumors could be confirmed.
  • Optimal sampling and adequate sampling were defined as at least 1 section per centimeter of maximum tumor dimension and at least 1 section per 2 cm of maximum tumor dimension, respectively.
  • Tumor size ranged from 8 to 39 cm (mean 20 cm).
  • The sampling of the ovarian tumor was optimal in 28 cases and adequate in 5 cases.
  • The tumor was incompletely removed and recurred in the pelvis 1 year later.
  • Ten months later, the tumor re-recurred in the pelvis and could only be drained because of the patient's advanced age and her poor medical status.
  • The second patient with recurrent tumor had undergone a cystectomy and full staging for a borderline OInMT.
  • [MeSH-major] Adenocarcinoma, Mucinous / classification. Adenocarcinoma, Mucinous / pathology. Ovarian Neoplasms / classification. Ovarian Neoplasms / pathology
  • [MeSH-minor] Adolescent. Adult. Aged. Aged, 80 and over. Female. Histocytochemistry. Humans. Middle Aged. Neoplasm Recurrence, Local / pathology. Neoplasm Recurrence, Local / surgery. Neoplasm Staging. Retrospective Studies. Terminology as Topic. Young Adult

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  • [CommentIn] Int J Gynecol Pathol. 2010 Nov;29(6):552-3; author reply 553-4 [20881857.001]
  • (PMID = 20173495.001).
  • [ISSN] 1538-7151
  • [Journal-full-title] International journal of gynecological pathology : official journal of the International Society of Gynecological Pathologists
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Int. J. Gynecol. Pathol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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19. Coronado Martín PJ, Fasero Laiz M, García Santos J, Ramírez Mena M, Vidart Aragón JA: [Overexpression and prognostic value of p53 and HER2/neu proteins in benign ovarian tissue and in ovarian cancer]. Med Clin (Barc); 2007 Jan 13;128(1):1-6
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  • [Title] [Overexpression and prognostic value of p53 and HER2/neu proteins in benign ovarian tissue and in ovarian cancer].
  • BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: To investigate the prognostic value of p53 and HER2/neu overexpression in epithelial ovarian cancer (EOC).
  • PATIENTS AND METHOD: p53 and HER2/neu immunostaining were performed in 198 tissue samples, 124 EOC, 44 benign ovarian tumors and 30 normal ovaries.
  • RESULTS: Neither p53 nor HER2/neu overexpression was seen in the benign ovarian tumors.
  • [MeSH-major] Cystadenoma, Mucinous / genetics. Cystadenoma, Serous / genetics. Ovarian Neoplasms / genetics. Receptor, ErbB-2 / genetics. Teratoma / genetics. Tumor Suppressor Protein p53 / genetics
  • [MeSH-minor] Aged. Biomarkers, Tumor. Confidence Intervals. Endometriosis / genetics. Endometriosis / pathology. Endometriosis / surgery. Female. Follow-Up Studies. Genes, p53. Humans. Immunohistochemistry. Middle Aged. Multivariate Analysis. Neoplasm Recurrence, Local. Neoplasm Staging. Ovarian Diseases / genetics. Ovarian Diseases / pathology. Ovarian Diseases / surgery. Prognosis. Proportional Hazards Models. Risk. Survival Analysis. Time Factors


20. Jordan SJ, Green AC, Whiteman DC, Webb PM, Australian Ovarian Cancer Study Group: Risk factors for benign, borderline and invasive mucinous ovarian tumors: epidemiological evidence of a neoplastic continuum? Gynecol Oncol; 2007 Nov;107(2):223-30
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  • [Title] Risk factors for benign, borderline and invasive mucinous ovarian tumors: epidemiological evidence of a neoplastic continuum?
  • OBJECTIVE: Some molecular and histological evidence suggests that mucinous epithelial ovarian cancers develop via a sequence from benign tumor through borderline tumor to invasive cancer.
  • Such a sequence would predict some shared risk factors between the different tumor types.
  • To investigate this, we examined risk factors for benign, borderline and invasive mucinous ovarian tumors.
  • Women with benign (n=133), borderline (n=147) and invasive (n=43) mucinous tumors of the ovary and women from the general population (n=1487) completed comprehensive health and lifestyle questionnaires.
  • RESULTS: Although parity was inversely related to risk of benign, borderline and invasive tumors, increasing numbers of births did not further decrease risk of any of the tumor types.
  • However, 20 or more pack-years of smoking was associated with a more than twofold increase in risk of all three tumor types (OR=2.7, 95% CI 1.6-4.4 for benign tumors; OR=2.7, 95% CI 1.7-4.4 for borderline tumors; and OR=2.1, 95% CI 0.9-5.0 for invasive cancers) compared to never smoking.
  • CONCLUSIONS: Overall, the risk factors for mucinous cancers appear to differ from other subtypes of ovarian cancer.
  • Furthermore, patterns of risk factors across benign, borderline and invasive mucinous ovarian tumors are generally consistent with an adenoma-to-carcinoma sequence as the developmental pathway for this subtype of ovarian cancer.
  • Our findings also suggest the potential preventability of borderline and invasive mucinous ovarian cancer by smoking cessation and by surgical excision of identifiable precursor lesions.
  • [MeSH-major] Adenocarcinoma, Mucinous / epidemiology. Adenocarcinoma, Mucinous / etiology. Ovarian Neoplasms / epidemiology. Ovarian Neoplasms / etiology. Precancerous Conditions / epidemiology
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Aged. Australia. Case-Control Studies. Cell Transformation, Neoplastic / pathology. Female. Health Status. Humans. Life Style. Middle Aged. Neoplasm Invasiveness. Odds Ratio. Reproductive History. Risk Assessment. Risk Factors. Smoking / adverse effects. Surveys and Questionnaires

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  • (PMID = 17662378.001).
  • [ISSN] 1095-6859
  • [Journal-full-title] Gynecologic oncology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Gynecol. Oncol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Comparative Study; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.
  • [Publication-country] United States
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21. Kumar Y, Chahal A, Garg M, Bhutani A: Occult gallbladder carcinoma presenting as a primary ovarian tumor in two women: two case reports and a review of the literature. J Med Case Rep; 2010;4:202
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  • [Title] Occult gallbladder carcinoma presenting as a primary ovarian tumor in two women: two case reports and a review of the literature.
  • However, little is known about gallbladder carcinoma metastasizing to the ovaries and presenting as a primary ovarian tumor.
  • CASE PRESENTATION: We report two cases of a metastatic gallbladder carcinoma which mimicked a primary ovarian tumor in a 35-year-old and a 62-year-old North Indian woman.
  • Radiology suggested the possibility of a primary ovarian tumor with chronic cholecystitis and cholelithiasis.
  • The gross features also mimicked a primary malignant ovarian tumor in the first case and a benign mucinous neoplasm in the second case.
  • CONCLUSIONS: Gallbladder carcinoma with metastasis to the ovaries can mimic both malignant and benign primary ovarian tumors.

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  • [Cites] Australas Radiol. 2006 Oct;50(5):504-6 [16981953.001]
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  • (PMID = 20591172.001).
  • [ISSN] 1752-1947
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of medical case reports
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Med Case Rep
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC2908110
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22. Baksu B, Akyol A, Davas I, Yazgan A, Ozgul J, Tanik C: Recurrent mucinous cystadenoma in a 20-year-old woman: was hysterectomy inevitable? J Obstet Gynaecol Res; 2006 Dec;32(6):615-8
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  • [Title] Recurrent mucinous cystadenoma in a 20-year-old woman: was hysterectomy inevitable?
  • A recurrence of ovarian mucinous cysts is very rare.
  • Over a period of 21 months, a 20-year-old patient had three laparotomies resulting initially in the removal of one ovary with a mucinous cystadenoma and two cystectomies for the same pathology, but ultimately leading to hysterectomy and salphingo-oopherectomy.
  • Because mucinous tumors are usually benign and most of the time multilocular, management of young patients is challenging, especially in the case of recurrence.
  • Follow-up of these patients is very important and transvaginal ultrasound seems to be currently the most effective diagnostic tool for the follow-up of young patients treated with cystectomy for benign mucinous cystadenomas.
  • [MeSH-major] Cystadenoma, Mucinous / surgery. Hysterectomy. Neoplasm Recurrence, Local / surgery. Ovarian Neoplasms / surgery. Ovariectomy

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  • (PMID = 17100827.001).
  • [ISSN] 1341-8076
  • [Journal-full-title] The journal of obstetrics and gynaecology research
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Obstet. Gynaecol. Res.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Japan
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23. Ota K, Ito K, Akahira J, Sato N, Onogawa T, Moriya T, Unno M, Abe T, Niikura H, Takano T, Yaegashi N: Expression of organic cation transporter SLC22A16 in human epithelial ovarian cancer: a possible role of the adriamycin importer. Int J Gynecol Pathol; 2007 Jul;26(3):334-40
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  • [Title] Expression of organic cation transporter SLC22A16 in human epithelial ovarian cancer: a possible role of the adriamycin importer.
  • Adriamycin is considered to be an active agent for ovarian cancer.
  • Recently, the benefit of adding adriamycin to the current standard regimen, paclitaxel and platinum, is evaluated to improve the outcome of patients with ovarian cancer.
  • Therefore, we examined the expression of SLC22A16 in ovarian cancers.
  • Twelve ovarian carcinoma cell lines were used for immunoblotting and reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction to confirm the expression of SLC22A16 mRNA and protein.
  • Five normal ovaries, 12 ovarian adenomas, and 94 ovarian cancer cases were obtained from patients after surgical therapy.
  • The SLC22A16 immunoreactivity was detected in 15 (16%) of 94 epithelial ovarian cancer, 1 (8.3%) of 12 benign adenomas, but 0 (0%) of 5 normal ovary cases.
  • In ovarian cancer tissues, SLC22A16 immunoreactivity was detected in 2 (5%) of 38 serous adenocarcinoma, 1 (6.7%) of 15 endometrioid adenocarcinoma, 0 (0%) of 14 mucinous adenocarcinoma, and 12 (46.2%) of 26 clear-cell adenocarcinoma (P < 0.0001, clear-cell vs other histologies).
  • [MeSH-major] Adenocarcinoma, Clear Cell / metabolism. Antibiotics, Antineoplastic / pharmacokinetics. Doxorubicin / pharmacokinetics. Organic Cation Transport Proteins / biosynthesis. Ovarian Neoplasms / metabolism
  • [MeSH-minor] Blotting, Western. Cell Line, Tumor. Female. Humans. Immunohistochemistry. RNA, Neoplasm / chemistry. RNA, Neoplasm / genetics. Retrospective Studies. Reverse Transcriptase Polymerase Chain Reaction


24. Rabban JT, Bell DA: Current issues in the pathology of ovarian cancer. J Reprod Med; 2005 Jun;50(6):467-74
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  • [Title] Current issues in the pathology of ovarian cancer.
  • The majority of primary ovarian tumors are histologically classified as surface epithelial-stromal neoplasms.
  • The malignant potential of such neoplasms may be categorized, on the basis of the extent of epithelial proliferation and stromal invasion, as benign, borderline or malignant.
  • Recent efforts to further classify the malignant potential of such neoplasms have produced a new system for the histologic grading of ovarian carcinoma as well as new potential histologic predictors of behavior, including micropapillary morphology and stromal microinvasion in serous tumors.
  • Among mucinous ovarian neoplasms, new criteria have been proposed to distinguish primary ovarian from metastatic carcinomas; the distinction may be difficult but has great clinical significance.
  • The origin of ovarian mucinous tumors associated with pseudomyxoma peritonei has been reassessed.
  • Finally, recent pathologic findings from prophylactic salpingo-oophorectomy specimens in patients with hereditary risks for ovarian carcinoma have highlighted the additional risk for fallopian tube carcinoma and primary peritoneal carcinoma.
  • These current issues in the pathology of ovarian carcinoma and their clinical significance form the basis of this review.
  • [MeSH-major] Cystadenocarcinoma / pathology. Ovarian Neoplasms / pathology
  • [MeSH-minor] Cystadenocarcinoma, Mucinous / classification. Cystadenocarcinoma, Mucinous / pathology. Cystadenocarcinoma, Serous / classification. Cystadenocarcinoma, Serous / pathology. Female. Humans. Neoplasm Invasiveness. Neoplasm Staging. Survival Analysis. Treatment Outcome

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  • (PMID = 16050571.001).
  • [ISSN] 0024-7758
  • [Journal-full-title] The Journal of reproductive medicine
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Reprod Med
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Number-of-references] 57
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25. Exacoustos C, Romanini ME, Rinaldo D, Amoroso C, Szabolcs B, Zupi E, Arduini D: Preoperative sonographic features of borderline ovarian tumors. Ultrasound Obstet Gynecol; 2005 Jan;25(1):50-9
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  • [Title] Preoperative sonographic features of borderline ovarian tumors.
  • OBJECTIVE: To determine the sonographic findings that distinguish borderline ovarian tumors (BOT) from both benign and invasive malignant tumors, thus allowing conservative treatment and laparoscopic management of these tumors.
  • We compared these findings with those of 337 patients with benign ovarian tumors and those of 82 patients with invasive malignant ovarian tumors.
  • RESULTS: Of the 33 BOT, 15 were mucinous and 18 were serous cystadenomas.
  • The presence of papillae, defined as a small number of solid tissue projections, 1-15 mm in height and 1-10 mm in width (base) and length (base), into the cyst cavity from the cyst wall, was significantly more frequent in BOT (48%) than it was in benign (4%) and invasive (4%) malignant tumors.
  • Intracystic solid tissue (> 15 mm in height or > 10 mm in width or length) was observed in 48% of invasive malignant masses but in only 18% of BOT and in 7% of benign tumors (P < 0.001).
  • [MeSH-major] Ovarian Neoplasms / surgery. Ovarian Neoplasms / ultrasonography. Preoperative Care / methods
  • [MeSH-minor] Adenocarcinoma, Mucinous / pathology. Adenocarcinoma, Mucinous / surgery. Adenocarcinoma, Mucinous / ultrasonography. Adolescent. Adult. Aged. Aged, 80 and over. Child. Cystadenoma, Serous / pathology. Cystadenoma, Serous / surgery. Cystadenoma, Serous / ultrasonography. Diagnosis, Differential. Female. Humans. Middle Aged. Neoplasm Invasiveness. Postmenopause. Premenopause. Retrospective Studies. Sensitivity and Specificity. Ultrasonography, Doppler / methods

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  • [Copyright] Copyright (c) 2004 ISUOG.
  • (PMID = 15619309.001).
  • [ISSN] 0960-7692
  • [Journal-full-title] Ultrasound in obstetrics & gynecology : the official journal of the International Society of Ultrasound in Obstetrics and Gynecology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Ultrasound Obstet Gynecol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] England
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26. Zhang J, Li YL, Zhou CY, Hu YT, Chen HZ: Expression of octamer-4 in serous and mucinous ovarian carcinoma. J Clin Pathol; 2010 Oct;63(10):879-83
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  • [Title] Expression of octamer-4 in serous and mucinous ovarian carcinoma.
  • AIMS: To assess the expression of Oct4 in epithelial ovarian tumours.
  • METHODS: Expression of Oct4 was evaluated by immunohistochemistry in 460 cases of various epithelial ovarian lesions as well as 35 cases of normal fallopian tube epithelium.
  • RESULTS: Oct4 expression was significantly increased from normal epithelium (both ovarian epithelium and fallopian tube epithelium) to benign and borderline cystadenoma to carcinoma in the serous lesion subgroup.
  • Conversely, Oct4 expression did not differ among mucinous lesions or correlate with clinicopathological parameters in patients with mucinous adenocarcinoma.
  • CONCLUSION: Results suggest that Oct4 expression may contribute to the initiation, promotion and progression of serous ovarian carcinoma; it might be a useful biomarker for the diagnosis and outcome prediction of serous ovarian carcinoma.
  • [MeSH-major] Adenocarcinoma / metabolism. Biomarkers, Tumor / metabolism. Cystadenoma / metabolism. Octamer Transcription Factor-3 / metabolism. Ovarian Neoplasms / metabolism
  • [MeSH-minor] Adenocarcinoma, Mucinous / metabolism. Adenocarcinoma, Mucinous / pathology. Disease Progression. Epithelium / metabolism. Fallopian Tubes / metabolism. Female. Humans. Neoplasm Proteins / metabolism. Neoplasm Staging. Ovary / metabolism

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  • (PMID = 20876318.001).
  • [ISSN] 1472-4146
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of clinical pathology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Clin. Pathol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Biomarkers, Tumor; 0 / Neoplasm Proteins; 0 / Octamer Transcription Factor-3; 0 / POU5F1 protein, human
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27. Odunsi K, Wollman RM, Ambrosone CB, Hutson A, McCann SE, Tammela J, Geisler JP, Miller G, Sellers T, Cliby W, Qian F, Keitz B, Intengan M, Lele S, Alderfer JL: Detection of epithelial ovarian cancer using 1H-NMR-based metabonomics. Int J Cancer; 2005 Feb 20;113(5):782-8
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  • [Title] Detection of epithelial ovarian cancer using 1H-NMR-based metabonomics.
  • Currently available serum biomarkers are insufficiently reliable to distinguish patients with epithelial ovarian cancer (EOC) from healthy individuals.
  • In an effort to examine the utility of the metabonomic approach for discriminating sera from women with EOC from healthy controls, we performed (1)H-NMR spectroscopic analysis on preoperative serum specimens obtained from 38 patients with EOC, 12 patients with benign ovarian cysts and 53 healthy women.
  • PCA analysis allowed correct separation of all serum specimens from 38 patients with EOC (100%) from all of the 21 premenopausal normal samples (100%) and from all the sera from patients with benign ovarian disease (100%).
  • SIMCA analysis using the Cooman's plot demonstrated that sera classes from patients with EOC, benign ovarian cysts and the postmenopausal healthy controls did not share multivariate space, providing validation for the class separation.
  • The metabonomic approach deserves further evaluation as a potential novel strategy for the early detection of epithelial ovarian cancer.
  • [MeSH-major] Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy / methods. Neoplasms, Glandular and Epithelial / diagnosis. Ovarian Neoplasms / diagnosis
  • [MeSH-minor] Adenocarcinoma, Clear Cell / blood. Adenocarcinoma, Clear Cell / diagnosis. Adenocarcinoma, Clear Cell / surgery. Adult. Aged. Aged, 80 and over. Carcinoma, Endometrioid / blood. Carcinoma, Endometrioid / diagnosis. Carcinoma, Endometrioid / surgery. Case-Control Studies. Cystadenocarcinoma, Mucinous / blood. Cystadenocarcinoma, Mucinous / diagnosis. Cystadenocarcinoma, Mucinous / surgery. Cystadenocarcinoma, Serous / blood. Cystadenocarcinoma, Serous / diagnosis. Cystadenocarcinoma, Serous / surgery. Female. Humans. Middle Aged. Neoplasm Staging. Ovarian Cysts / metabolism. Postmenopause. Premenopause. Prognosis. ROC Curve. Sensitivity and Specificity


28. Abd El-Wahed MM: Expression and subcellular localization of maspin in human ovarian epithelial neoplasms: correlation with clinicopathologic features. J Egypt Natl Canc Inst; 2005 Sep;17(3):173-83
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  • [Title] Expression and subcellular localization of maspin in human ovarian epithelial neoplasms: correlation with clinicopathologic features.
  • BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Maspin is an inhibitor of serine proteinases with tumor suppressor activity that is down-regulated in breast and prostate cancer, but overexpressed in pancreatic carcinoma.
  • However, there were very few published data regarding the role of maspin in ovarian carcinoma.
  • The aim of the present study was to evaluate maspin expression in ovarian epithelial neoplasms and correlate its expression with some clinicopathologic parameters.
  • MATERIAL AND METHODS: Seventy eight paraffin embedded ovarian specimens from patients with ovarian epithelial neoplasms comprised the material of this study.
  • They included 18 benign, 14 low malignant potential (LMP) and 46 malignant epithelial ovarian neoplasms, in addition to seven specimens from normal ovarian tissues as a control.
  • RESULTS: Immunohistochemical study of maspin expression using streptavidin biotin immunoperoxidase method revealed that, normal ovarian surface epithelium did not express maspin as well as benign serous and mucinous ovarian epithelial neoplasm.
  • However, all benign Brenner ovarian tumors were maspin positive.
  • On the other hand, 57.14% of LMP tumors showed weak maspin expression and 63% of malignant ovarian epithelial tumors showed maspin expression with 39.1% over expression.
  • CONCLUSION: Maspin was expressed in a substantial proportion of ovarian tumors with poor prognostic parameters.
  • These results may offer new insights regarding the role of maspin in ovarian cancer that may also impact diagnosis and treatment strategies.
  • Moreover, variation in maspin expression between Brenner tumor and other epithelial surface ovarian tumors may indicate that the different histological types probably represent distinct disease entities and involve different molecular pathways.
  • [MeSH-major] Neoplasms, Glandular and Epithelial / metabolism. Ovarian Neoplasms / metabolism. Serine Proteinase Inhibitors / metabolism
  • [MeSH-minor] Adolescent. Adult. Brenner Tumor / metabolism. Brenner Tumor / pathology. CA-125 Antigen / analysis. Carcinoembryonic Antigen / analysis. Epithelium / metabolism. Female. Genes, Tumor Suppressor. Humans. Immunohistochemistry. Middle Aged. Ovary / metabolism. Serpins

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  • (PMID = 16799655.001).
  • [ISSN] 1110-0362
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of the Egyptian National Cancer Institute
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Egypt Natl Canc Inst
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Egypt
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / CA-125 Antigen; 0 / Carcinoembryonic Antigen; 0 / SERPIN-B5; 0 / Serine Proteinase Inhibitors; 0 / Serpins
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29. Aggarwal A, Lucco KL, Lacy J, Kives S, Gerstle JT, Allen L: Ovarian epithelial tumors of low malignant potential: a case series of 5 adolescent patients. J Pediatr Surg; 2009 Oct;44(10):2023-7
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  • [Title] Ovarian epithelial tumors of low malignant potential: a case series of 5 adolescent patients.
  • Epithelial ovarian neoplasms are uncommon in pediatric and adolescent patients, accounting for approximately 20% to 30% of ovarian tumors in adolescent females and women younger than 25.
  • This case series describes 5 adolescent patients, with a mean age of 14.4 +/- 2.4 years, diagnosed with ovarian tumors of LMP at one institution.
  • Between November 2001 and January 2006, 5 patients were diagnosed with ovarian tumors of LMP of 126 patients who had surgery for adnexal masses.
  • Two patients underwent ovarian cystectomy, and 3 had at least a unilateral salpingo-oophorectomy.
  • Three patients developed recurrent ovarian masses on follow-up.
  • Two had recurrent LMP tumors (one bilateral) and one was a benign mucinous cystadenoma.
  • This case series of 5 adolescent patients with ovarian tumors of LMP highlights the importance of considering epithelial neoplasms in any pediatric or adolescent patient with a pelvic mass and supports conservative management, with staging and fertility-sparing surgery; however, appropriate follow-up is essential, as evidenced by 3 of 5 patients exhibiting recurrent ovarian masses.
  • [MeSH-major] Neoplasms, Glandular and Epithelial / diagnosis. Neoplasms, Glandular and Epithelial / surgery. Ovarian Neoplasms / diagnosis. Ovarian Neoplasms / surgery
  • [MeSH-minor] Adolescent. Age Factors. Child. Cystadenoma, Mucinous / diagnosis. Cystadenoma, Mucinous / pathology. Cystadenoma, Mucinous / surgery. Fallopian Tubes / pathology. Fallopian Tubes / surgery. Female. Follow-Up Studies. Humans. Neoplasm Staging. Ovariectomy. Ovary / pathology. Recurrence. Survival Rate. Treatment Outcome

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  • (PMID = 19853767.001).
  • [ISSN] 1531-5037
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of pediatric surgery
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Pediatr. Surg.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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30. Abdel-Azeez HA, Labib HA, Sharaf SM, Refai AN: HE4 and mesothelin: novel biomarkers of ovarian carcinoma in patients with pelvic masses. Asian Pac J Cancer Prev; 2010;11(1):111-6
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  • [Title] HE4 and mesothelin: novel biomarkers of ovarian carcinoma in patients with pelvic masses.
  • OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the utility of novel serum tumor markers, HE4 and mesothelin either alone or in combination with CA125 in diagnosis and early detection of ovarian carcinoma in patients with pelvic masses.
  • RESULTS: Of 65 patients with pelvic masses; 41 had histologically diagnosed ovarian cancer, and 24 had benign ovarian diseases.
  • The studied tumor markers were significantly increased in malignant compared to benign cases and healthy subjects, and in benign cases compared to healthy subjects (p<0.001).
  • Based upon Receiver operator characteristic (ROC) curves analysis, HE4 had the highest sensitivity as a single marker in detecting ovarian malignancy (82.9%) and early stage malignancy (76.9%), followed by CA125, then mesothelin.
  • The combination of HE4 and CA125 gave the highest sensitivity in detecting ovarian carcinoma and early stage disease (90.2%, 84.6% respectively).
  • CONCLUSIONS: As a single marker, HE4 had the highest sensitivity for detecting ovarian carcinoma specially early stage disease.
  • Combined CA125 and HE4 was a more accurate predictor of ovarian malignancy than either alone.
  • [MeSH-major] Biomarkers, Tumor / blood. Epididymal Secretory Proteins / metabolism. Membrane Glycoproteins / blood. Ovarian Neoplasms / blood. Pelvic Neoplasms / blood
  • [MeSH-minor] Adenocarcinoma, Mucinous / blood. Adenocarcinoma, Mucinous / pathology. CA-125 Antigen / blood. Case-Control Studies. Cystadenocarcinoma, Serous / blood. Cystadenocarcinoma, Serous / pathology. Endometrial Neoplasms / blood. Endometrial Neoplasms / pathology. Female. GPI-Linked Proteins. Humans. Middle Aged. Neoplasm Staging. Prognosis. ROC Curve. Sensitivity and Specificity. beta-Defensins

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  • (PMID = 20593939.001).
  • [ISSN] 2476-762X
  • [Journal-full-title] Asian Pacific journal of cancer prevention : APJCP
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Asian Pac. J. Cancer Prev.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Comparative Study; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Thailand
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Biomarkers, Tumor; 0 / CA-125 Antigen; 0 / DEFB126 protein, human; 0 / Epididymal Secretory Proteins; 0 / GPI-Linked Proteins; 0 / Membrane Glycoproteins; 0 / beta-Defensins; 0 / mesothelin
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31. Yoshida A, Sarian LO, Andrade LA, Pignataro F, Pinto GA, Derchain SF: Cell proliferation activity unrelated to COX-2 expression in ovarian tumors. Int J Gynecol Cancer; 2007 May-Jun;17(3):607-14
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  • [Title] Cell proliferation activity unrelated to COX-2 expression in ovarian tumors.
  • The objective of this study was to assess the expression of Cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) and cell proliferation activity (Ki67 expression) in benign, borderline, and malignant serous and mucinous ovarian tumors.
  • Expression of COX-2 and Ki67 proteins were evaluated by immunohistochemistry, in paraffin-embedded sections of ovarian epithelial tumors.
  • The study included 113 serous (67 benign, 15 borderline, and 31 malignant) and 85 mucinous (48 benign, 28 borderline, and 9 malignant) tumors, removed from women who underwent laparotomy between January 1997 and December 2003.
  • From benign to malignant tumors, there was a progressive positive trend in COX-2 expression in both serous and mucinous tumors, more evident in mucinous ones (P < 0.001).
  • Comparing histologic types, COX-2 expression was more prominent in serous than in mucinous benign tumors (P < 0.01), but this difference was not significant in the borderline (P= 0.11) or malignant categories (P= 0.71).
  • There was a progressive Ki67 positivity in line with the tumor histologic gradient for both serous (P < 0.01) and mucinous lesions (P < 0.01), but this increasing expression did not correlate with COX-2 expression in the present series (P= 0.78).
  • There was a higher COX-2 expression in serous ovarian adenomas than in mucinous ones.
  • COX-2 positivity increases in line with the morphologic gradient, from benign to malignant in both histologic types, but it was more prominent in mucinous lesions, pointing to different oncogenic pathways related to different histologic types.
  • A correlation between the expression of COX-2 and Ki67 was not found, suggesting that COX-2 may be required for carcinogenesis, but this pathway is not responsible for cell proliferation in ovarian tumors.
  • [MeSH-major] Adenocarcinoma, Mucinous / metabolism. Cell Proliferation. Cyclooxygenase 2 / metabolism. Cystadenocarcinoma, Serous / metabolism. Membrane Proteins / metabolism. Ovarian Neoplasms / metabolism
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Female. Humans. Ki-67 Antigen / metabolism. Middle Aged. Neoplasm Staging

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  • (PMID = 17504375.001).
  • [ISSN] 1048-891X
  • [Journal-full-title] International journal of gynecological cancer : official journal of the International Gynecological Cancer Society
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Int. J. Gynecol. Cancer
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Comparative Study; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Ki-67 Antigen; 0 / Membrane Proteins; EC 1.14.99.1 / Cyclooxygenase 2; EC 1.14.99.1 / PTGS2 protein, human
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32. Zhen H, Yang S, Wu H, Wang S, Lv J, Ma L, Zhang X: LyGDI is a promising biomarker for ovarian cancer. Int J Gynecol Cancer; 2010 Apr;20(3):316-22
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  • [Title] LyGDI is a promising biomarker for ovarian cancer.
  • The aim of this study was to investigate the usefulness of LyGDI as a biomarker for the detection of ovarian cancer, and its specificity and sensitivity were compared with those of cancer antigen 125 (CA125).
  • METHODS: The serum levels of LyGDI were determined by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay in 42 patients with ovarian disease, including 30 ovarian cancers and 12 benign ovarian lesions, and 76 healthy controls.
  • The expression of LyGDI was also evaluated by immunohistochemical staining in resected ovarian tissues of these patients.
  • RESULTS: The serum LyGDI level of cancers was significantly greater than those of the benign and healthy groups (P = 0.002 and P < 0.0001, respectively), whereas no difference was observed between the benign and control groups (P = 0.889).
  • Based upon receiver operating characteristic curve analysis, LyGDI levels were able to distinguish ovarian cancer from benign ovarian disease (P = 0.0001) and healthy control (P < 0.0001; areas under the receiver operating characteristic curves, 0.876 and 0.833, respectively).
  • For ovarian cancers, 83.3% (25/30) or 80.0% (24/30) was identified by serum LyGDI (> or = 1.5 ng/mL) alone or by CA125 (>35 U/mL) alone.
  • It is of particular importance to note that all cancer patients were identified by use of both markers, and the specificity was 83.3% for the benign group.
  • Immunohistochemical staining confirmed the expression of LyGDI on cancerous epithelial cells other than benign ovarian epithelium.
  • CONCLUSIONS: These results suggest that LyGDI has significant potential as a marker for detection of ovarian cancer in the patients with ovarian enlargement, including detection of early-stage cancers.
  • [MeSH-major] Biomarkers, Tumor / blood. Guanine Nucleotide Dissociation Inhibitors / blood. Ovarian Neoplasms / diagnosis. Tumor Suppressor Proteins / blood
  • [MeSH-minor] Adenocarcinoma, Clear Cell / blood. Adenocarcinoma, Clear Cell / diagnosis. Adenocarcinoma, Mucinous / blood. Adenocarcinoma, Mucinous / diagnosis. Adult. Aged. Aged, 80 and over. CA-125 Antigen / blood. Case-Control Studies. Cystadenocarcinoma, Serous / blood. Cystadenocarcinoma, Serous / diagnosis. Endometrial Neoplasms / blood. Endometrial Neoplasms / diagnosis. Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay. Female. Humans. Immunoenzyme Techniques. Middle Aged. Neoplasm Staging. Ovary / metabolism. Prognosis. Sensitivity and Specificity. rho Guanine Nucleotide Dissociation Inhibitor beta. rho-Specific Guanine Nucleotide Dissociation Inhibitors

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  • (PMID = 20375790.001).
  • [ISSN] 1525-1438
  • [Journal-full-title] International journal of gynecological cancer : official journal of the International Gynecological Cancer Society
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Int. J. Gynecol. Cancer
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Comparative Study; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / ARHGDIB protein, human; 0 / Biomarkers, Tumor; 0 / CA-125 Antigen; 0 / Guanine Nucleotide Dissociation Inhibitors; 0 / Tumor Suppressor Proteins; 0 / rho Guanine Nucleotide Dissociation Inhibitor beta; 0 / rho-Specific Guanine Nucleotide Dissociation Inhibitors
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33. Esheba GE, Pate LL, Longacre TA: Oncofetal protein glypican-3 distinguishes yolk sac tumor from clear cell carcinoma of the ovary. Am J Surg Pathol; 2008 Apr;32(4):600-7
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  • [Title] Oncofetal protein glypican-3 distinguishes yolk sac tumor from clear cell carcinoma of the ovary.
  • Clear cell carcinoma (CCC) of the ovary is the surface epithelial neoplasm most often confused with primitive germ cell tumors, particularly yolk sac tumor (YST) and dysgerminoma.
  • To investigate whether GPC3 is useful in distinguishing YST from ovarian CCC, we studied the expression of GPC3 in a large series of ovarian neoplasms and compared it to the expression profiles of CK7 and alpha-fetoprotein.
  • Tissue microarrays containing over 400 benign and malignant ovarian neoplasms, including 34 CCCs were stained with monoclonal GPC3 (clone 1G12, Biomosaics, Burlington, VT).
  • These arrays contained a wide assortment of ovarian surface epithelial neoplasms and sex cord stromal neoplasms, as well as germ cell tumors.
  • All but one YST (97%), including those associated with mixed germ cell tumor were positive for GPC3, whereas all teratomas and embryonal carcinomas were negative.
  • Most CCCs (83%) were completely negative for GPC3, as were 99% serous, 94% endometrioid, and 100% mucinous tumors.
  • GPC3 seems to be a promising diagnostic marker for differentiating YST from ovarian CCC (P < 0.0001).
  • [MeSH-major] Antigens, Neoplasm / analysis. Biomarkers, Tumor / analysis. Carcinoma / chemistry. Endodermal Sinus Tumor / chemistry. Glypicans / analysis. Ovarian Neoplasms / chemistry

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  • (PMID = 18277882.001).
  • [ISSN] 0147-5185
  • [Journal-full-title] The American journal of surgical pathology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Am. J. Surg. Pathol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Comparative Study; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Antigens, Neoplasm; 0 / Biomarkers, Tumor; 0 / GPC3 protein, human; 0 / Glypicans; 0 / KRT7 protein, human; 0 / Keratin-7; 0 / alpha-Fetoproteins; 0 / oncofetal antigens
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34. Ota T, Gilks CB, Longacre T, Leung PC, Auersperg N: HOXA7 in epithelial ovarian cancer: interrelationships between differentiation and clinical features. Reprod Sci; 2007 Sep;14(6):605-14
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  • [Title] HOXA7 in epithelial ovarian cancer: interrelationships between differentiation and clinical features.
  • Interrelationships between HOXA7 expression and ovarian cancer progression are investigated by cDNA array and by immunohistochemistry of normal ovaries and 538 epithelial ovarian tumor microarrays.
  • HOXA7 mRNA expression was higher in carcinomas than in benign tumors.
  • There were significant associations of strong HOXA7 staining of stroma and tumor nuclei with the clear cell histotype (stroma: P = .0022, nuclei: P = .0003) and of weak/absent staining with serous carcinomas.
  • Tumor E-cadherin expression correlated significantly with HOX7 staining in stroma (P = .0002) but not within tumors.
  • HOXA7 staining of tumor cell nuclei is correlated significantly with improved disease-specific survival (P = .0104), which is suggestive of the biological and potentially clinical importance of subcellular HOXA7 localization.
  • [MeSH-major] Adenocarcinoma, Clear Cell / chemistry. Adenocarcinoma, Mucinous / chemistry. Biomarkers, Tumor / analysis. Carcinoma, Endometrioid / chemistry. Cell Differentiation. Cystadenocarcinoma, Serous / chemistry. Homeodomain Proteins / analysis. Ovarian Neoplasms / chemistry
  • [MeSH-minor] Cadherins / analysis. Cell Nucleus / chemistry. Cluster Analysis. Female. Gene Expression Profiling / methods. Gene Expression Regulation, Neoplastic. Humans. Immunohistochemistry. Kaplan-Meier Estimate. Metaplasia. Neoplasm Staging. Oligonucleotide Array Sequence Analysis. Prognosis. Stromal Cells / chemistry. Stromal Cells / pathology. Tissue Array Analysis


35. McCluggage WG: My approach to and thoughts on the typing of ovarian carcinomas. J Clin Pathol; 2008 Feb;61(2):152-63
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  • [Title] My approach to and thoughts on the typing of ovarian carcinomas.
  • Ovarian carcinomas of epithelial type comprise a heterogeneous group of neoplasms, each with a different underlying pathogenesis and natural behaviour.
  • Accurate classification of ovarian carcinomas is important since each type may be associated with a different behaviour, natural history and outcome.
  • Previous studies have shown significant interobserver variation in the typing of ovarian carcinomas.
  • This review details my approach to the typing of ovarian carcinomas.
  • In recent years, there has been emerging new information regarding the major underlying molecular events in several types of ovarian carcinoma.
  • This has resulted in the acceptance that there are two distinct types of ovarian serous carcinoma.
  • These are termed low-grade and high-grade serous carcinoma, but represent two distinct tumour types rather than low-grade and high-grade variants of the same neoplasm.
  • The integration of clinical, morphological and molecular data has resulted in a more precise classification of ovarian carcinomas and has resulted in the proposal for a broad dualistic pathway of ovarian epithelial carcinogenesis with, in general, low-grade type 1 tumours evolving from benign and borderline neoplasms through a well-defined adenoma-carcinoma sequence, and high-grade type 2 neoplasms arising from an, as yet, undefined precursor lesion.
  • [MeSH-major] Ovarian Neoplasms / classification
  • [MeSH-minor] Adenocarcinoma, Clear Cell / classification. Adenocarcinoma, Clear Cell / pathology. Adenocarcinoma, Mucinous / classification. Adenocarcinoma, Mucinous / pathology. Carcinoma, Endometrioid / classification. Carcinoma, Endometrioid / pathology. Carcinoma, Transitional Cell / classification. Carcinoma, Transitional Cell / pathology. Cystadenocarcinoma, Serous / classification. Cystadenocarcinoma, Serous / pathology. Female. Humans

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  • (PMID = 17704261.001).
  • [ISSN] 1472-4146
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of clinical pathology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Clin. Pathol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Number-of-references] 89
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36. Xie D, Yang GF, Chen YQ, Jiang LF, Xiao LZ: [Significance and mechanisms of overexpression of PAK1 gene in epithelial ovarian neoplasms]. Zhonghua Zhong Liu Za Zhi; 2006 Dec;28(12):911-4
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  • [Title] [Significance and mechanisms of overexpression of PAK1 gene in epithelial ovarian neoplasms].
  • OBJECTIVE: To investigate the significance and mechanisms of overexpression of p21-activated kinase 1 gene (PAK1) in epithelial ovarian neoplasms.
  • METHODS: Immunohistochemistry, fluorescence in situ hybridization and terminal deoxynucleotidyl transferase-mediated dUTP nick end-labeling methods were used to examine the protein expression and amplification of PAK1 and cell apoptosis in 30 benign ovarian adenomas, 20 borderline tumors and 80 ovarian carcinomas by tissue microarray.
  • RESULTS: In immunohistochemistry study, overexpression of PAK1 protein was observed in 7 (25.9%) informative benign ovarian adenomas, 7 (36.8%) borderline tumors and 53 (68.8%) ovarian carcinomas.
  • A significant inverse correlation of PAK1 overexpression and cell apoptosis was observed in these epithelial ovarian neoplasm cohorts (P = 0.002).
  • In fluorescence in situ hybridization study, only 2 (4.7%) informative ovarian carcinomas showed amplification of PAK1 gene.
  • None of the borderline and benign ovarian tumors showed PAK1 amplification.
  • CONCLUSION: Overexpression of PAK1 protein may be involved in the tumorigenesis of epithelial ovarian neoplasms and it is associated closely with the malignant histological phenotype of ovarian carcinomas.
  • Mechanism other than gene amplification of PAK1 may play a more important role in the regulation of protein expression of PAK1 in ovarian tumors.
  • [MeSH-major] Apoptosis. Cystadenocarcinoma, Serous / metabolism. Ovarian Neoplasms / pathology. p21-Activated Kinases / metabolism
  • [MeSH-minor] Adenoma / genetics. Adenoma / metabolism. Adenoma / pathology. Cystadenocarcinoma, Mucinous / genetics. Cystadenocarcinoma, Mucinous / metabolism. Cystadenocarcinoma, Mucinous / pathology. Female. Gene Amplification. Gene Expression Regulation, Neoplastic. Humans. Immunohistochemistry. In Situ Hybridization, Fluorescence. In Situ Nick-End Labeling. Middle Aged. Neoplasm Staging

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  • (PMID = 17533742.001).
  • [ISSN] 0253-3766
  • [Journal-full-title] Zhonghua zhong liu za zhi [Chinese journal of oncology]
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Zhonghua Zhong Liu Za Zhi
  • [Language] chi
  • [Publication-type] English Abstract; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] China
  • [Chemical-registry-number] EC 2.7.11.1 / PAK1 protein, human; EC 2.7.11.1 / p21-Activated Kinases
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37. Virk R, Lu D: Mucinous adenocarcinoma as heterologous element in intermediately differentiated Sertoli-Leydig cell tumor of the ovary. Pathol Res Pract; 2010 Jul 15;206(7):489-92
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  • [Title] Mucinous adenocarcinoma as heterologous element in intermediately differentiated Sertoli-Leydig cell tumor of the ovary.
  • Sertoli-Leydig cell tumor (SLCT) is a rare tumor involving the ovary.
  • SLCT with benign and borderline mucinous neoplasm has been reported in the literature.
  • However, SLCT with mucinous adenocarcinoma as heterologous element has been rarely documented.
  • Herein, we describe a rare case of intermediately differentiated Sertoli-Leydig cell tumor with mucinous adenocarcinoma as the heterologous element in a 21-year-old woman.
  • She presented with throbbing lower abdominal pain and was found to have a large, complex left ovarian mass on imaging studies.
  • Microscopically, the tumor was composed of intermediately differentiated Sertoli-Leydig cell tumor and well-differentiated mucinous adenocarcinoma.
  • Interestingly, the bulk of the tumor (more than 90%) was composed of mucinous adenocarcinoma, whereas the SLCT component comprised less than 10% of the total tumor.
  • The mucinous adenocarcinoma expressed positivity for CK20, CEA, CDX2 and CK7, and the SLCT component was positive for inhibin expression.
  • The histopathological features and results of immunostaining were consistent with the diagnosis of the intermediately differentiated SLCT with mucinous adenocarcinoma as the heterologous element.
  • This case was a diagnostic challenge as more than 90% of the tumor was composed of mucinous adenocarcinoma and SLCT constituted only the minor part of the tumor.
  • This feature was in contrast to the previously described two cases, where mucinous adenocarcinoma as heterologous element was present as microscopic foci.
  • This case highlights the importance of identifying the SLCT component in a case of an apparently pure mucinous adenocarcinoma in a young patient.
  • [MeSH-major] Adenocarcinoma, Mucinous / pathology. Ovarian Neoplasms / pathology. Sertoli-Leydig Cell Tumor / pathology

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  • [Copyright] Copyright 2009. Published by Elsevier GmbH.
  • (PMID = 19674851.001).
  • [ISSN] 1618-0631
  • [Journal-full-title] Pathology, research and practice
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Pathol. Res. Pract.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Germany
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38. Oh SJ, Lee SJ, Lee HY, Paik YH, Lee DK, Lee KS, Chung JB, Yu JS, Yoon DS: [Extrapancreatic tumors in intraductal papillary mucinous neoplasm of the pancreas]. Korean J Gastroenterol; 2009 Sep;54(3):162-6
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  • [Title] [Extrapancreatic tumors in intraductal papillary mucinous neoplasm of the pancreas].
  • BACKGROUND/AIMS: Intraductal papillary mucinous neoplasm (IPMN) of the pancreas has a favorable prognosis, but seems to be associated with a high incidence of extrapancreatic tumors.
  • As benign tumor, there were two gallbladder adenoma, one gastric adenoma, one colonic adenoma and one benign ovarian cystic neoplasm, respectively.
  • Upper gastrointestinal endoscopy and colonoscopy should be done, and systemic surveillance for the possible occurrence of other tumors may allow early detection of extrapancreatic tumor in patients with IPMN.
  • [MeSH-major] Adenocarcinoma, Mucinous / diagnosis. Carcinoma, Pancreatic Ductal / diagnosis. Carcinoma, Papillary / diagnosis. Neoplasms, Multiple Primary / epidemiology. Neoplasms, Second Primary / epidemiology. Pancreatic Neoplasms / diagnosis

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  • [CommentIn] Korean J Gastroenterol. 2009 Sep;54(3):196-8 [19844158.001]
  • (PMID = 19844152.001).
  • [ISSN] 1598-9992
  • [Journal-full-title] The Korean journal of gastroenterology = Taehan Sohwagi Hakhoe chi
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Korean J Gastroenterol
  • [Language] kor
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Korea (South)
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39. Moodley M, Bramdev A: Frozen section: Its role in gynaecological oncology. J Obstet Gynaecol; 2005 Oct;25(7):629-34
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  • Frozen section allows intraoperative evaluation to distinguish benign from malignant tumors in order to tailor the extent of surgery necessary.
  • Deferred diagnoses or incompatible frozen section diagnosis is usually due to technical limitations especially for the mucinous ovarian tumors.
  • [MeSH-major] Frozen Sections / methods. Genital Neoplasms, Female / pathology. Neoplasm Invasiveness / pathology
  • [MeSH-minor] Diagnosis, Differential. Endometrial Neoplasms / pathology. Endometrial Neoplasms / surgery. False Negative Reactions. False Positive Reactions. Female. Humans. Ovarian Neoplasms / pathology. Ovarian Neoplasms / surgery. Sensitivity and Specificity. Uterine Cervical Neoplasms / pathology. Uterine Cervical Neoplasms / surgery

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  • (PMID = 16263532.001).
  • [ISSN] 0144-3615
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of obstetrics and gynaecology : the journal of the Institute of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Obstet Gynaecol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Comparative Study; Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Number-of-references] 52
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40. Nolen B, Marrangoni A, Velikokhatnaya L, Prosser D, Winans M, Gorelik E, Lokshin A: A serum based analysis of ovarian epithelial tumorigenesis. Gynecol Oncol; 2009 Jan;112(1):47-54
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  • [Title] A serum based analysis of ovarian epithelial tumorigenesis.
  • OBJECTIVES: Ovarian epithelial carcinoma can be subdivided into separate histological subtypes including clear cell, endometrioid, mucinous, and serous.
  • This distinction could potentially be reflected in the levels of tumor produced factors that enter into the circulation and serve as biomarkers of malignant growth.
  • Here, we analyze levels of circulating biomarkers from a diverse set of patients diagnosed with ovarian carcinoma to identify biomarker trends and relationships associated with distinct carcinoma histotypes and divergent tumorigenic pathways.
  • METHODS: We utilize multiplexed bead-based immunoassays to measure serum levels of a diverse array of fifty-eight biomarkers from the sera of patients diagnosed with various histological subtypes of ovarian carcinoma and benign lesions.
  • Levels of each biomarker are compared statistically across carcinoma subtypes as well as with benign cases.
  • RESULTS: A total of 21 serum biomarkers differ significantly between patients diagnosed with ovarian carcinomas and benign cases.
  • Nine of these biomarkers are specific for carcinomas identified as clear cell, endometrioid, or mucinous in histology, while two biomarkers are specific for the serous histology.
  • Identified biomarkers include traditional and emerging tumor markers, cytokines and receptors, hormones, and adhesion- and metastasis-related proteins.
  • CONCLUSIONS: We demonstrate here that the divergent histology-based tumorigenic pathways proposed for ovarian epithelial carcinomas are associated with distinct profiles of circulating biomarkers.
  • Continued investigation into the relationships between these factors should reveal new insights into the complex mechanisms underlying ovarian epithelial tumorigenesis.

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  • (PMID = 19007974.001).
  • [ISSN] 1095-6859
  • [Journal-full-title] Gynecologic oncology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Gynecol. Oncol.
  • [Language] ENG
  • [Grant] United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / CA117452-04S1; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / CA117452-03; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / R01 CA098642-03; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / R01 CA098642; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / R01 CA108990; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / U01 CA117452; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / R01 CA098642-02; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / U01 CA117452-04S1; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / R03 CA136019-01; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / R03 CA136019; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / U01 CA117452-03; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / U01 CA117452-01; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / CA117452-04; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / R01 CA098642-01A1; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / R01 CA108990-02; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / CA117452-02; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / U01 CA117452-02; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / U01 CA117452-04; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / R01 CA108990-04; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / R01 CA098642-04; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / CA136019-01; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / R01 CA108990-01A1; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / R01 CA108990-03; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / CA117452-01
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Biomarkers, Tumor
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ NIHMS92465; NLM/ PMC2657848
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41. Metaxas G, Tangalos A, Pappa P, Papageorgiou I: Mucinous cystic neoplasms of the mesentery: a case report and review of the literature. World J Surg Oncol; 2009;7:47
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  • [Title] Mucinous cystic neoplasms of the mesentery: a case report and review of the literature.
  • BACKGROUND: Mucinous cystic neoplasms arise in the ovary and various extra-ovarian sites.
  • Histology demonstrated a benign mucinous cystadenoma.
  • METHODS AND RESULTS: We review the literature on mucinous cystic neoplasms of the mesentery and report on the pathogenesis, biologic behavior, diagnosis and treatment of similar extra-ovarian tumors.
  • CONCLUSION: Mucinous cystic neoplasms of the mesentery present almost exclusively in women and must be considered in the differential diagnosis of mesenteric tumors.
  • Only full histological examination of a mucinous cystic neoplasm can exclude a borderline or malignant component.
  • [MeSH-major] Cystadenoma, Mucinous / pathology. Mesenteric Cyst / pathology

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  • (PMID = 19454018.001).
  • [ISSN] 1477-7819
  • [Journal-full-title] World journal of surgical oncology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] World J Surg Oncol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Number-of-references] 111
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC2691402
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42. Bi SN, Dai SZ, Yao Q, Che YC, Wang N: [Expression of mesothelin mRNA and protein in ovarian carcinomas]. Zhonghua Zhong Liu Za Zhi; 2008 Apr;30(4):288-91
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  • [Title] [Expression of mesothelin mRNA and protein in ovarian carcinomas].
  • OBJECTIVE: To investigate the expression of mesothelin (MESO) mRNA and protein and its significance in ovarian carcinomas.
  • METHODS: Semi-quantitative reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) and immunohistochemistry were used to detect the expression level of MESO mRNA and protein, respectively, in 124 samples of ovarian tumor and normal tissues, including 84 epithelial ovarian carcinomas, 12 borderline ovarian tumors, 16 benign ovarian tumors and 12 normal ovarian tissues.
  • RESULTS: The expression of MESO mRNA and protein in epithelial ovarian carcinomas (1.4005 +/- 0.4646, 2.7857 +/- 2.2712) and borderline ovarian tumors (1.0650 +/- 0.3100, 2.9167 +/- 2.391) were significantly higher than that in benign ovarian tumors (0.6463 +/- 0.2419, 1.2500 +/- 1.6125) and normal ovarian tissues (0.6439 +/- 0.2729, 0.9167 +/- 1.2401) (P < 0.05), and also significantly higher in serous cystadenocarcinoma (1.5255 +/- 0.4151, 3.3036 +/- 2.6141) and endometrioid carcinoma (1.5250 +/- 0.5419, 3.0000 +/- 2.3094) than that in mucinous cystadenocarcinoma (1.0675 +/- 0.3149, 1.0556 +/- 1.9242) (P < 0.05).
  • CONCLUSION: The results of this study demonstrated that the expression of MESO mRNA and protein is increased in ovarian carcinomas and borderline ovarian tumors, and MESO may play a role in the adhesion and dissemination of ovarian carcinomas.
  • [MeSH-major] Carcinoma, Endometrioid / metabolism. Cystadenocarcinoma, Mucinous / metabolism. Cystadenocarcinoma, Serous / metabolism. Membrane Glycoproteins / metabolism. Ovarian Neoplasms / metabolism
  • [MeSH-minor] Case-Control Studies. Female. GPI-Linked Proteins. Gene Expression Regulation, Neoplastic. Humans. Immunohistochemistry. Middle Aged. Neoplasm Metastasis. Neoplasm Staging. Ovary / metabolism. Ovary / pathology. RNA, Messenger / metabolism. Reverse Transcriptase Polymerase Chain Reaction

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  • (PMID = 18788634.001).
  • [ISSN] 0253-3766
  • [Journal-full-title] Zhonghua zhong liu za zhi [Chinese journal of oncology]
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Zhonghua Zhong Liu Za Zhi
  • [Language] chi
  • [Publication-type] English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] China
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / GPI-Linked Proteins; 0 / Membrane Glycoproteins; 0 / RNA, Messenger; 0 / mesothelin
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43. Liguang Z, Peishu L, Hongluan M, Hong J, Rong W, Wachtel MS, Frezza EE: Survivin expression in ovarian cancer. Exp Oncol; 2007 Jun;29(2):121-5
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  • [Title] Survivin expression in ovarian cancer.
  • AIM: To examine the expression of survivin in benign ovarian tumors, ovarian carcinomas of different stages.
  • METHODS: We screened the expression of survivin mRNA by reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction in 114 ovarian tissue samples.
  • RESULTS: No survivin mRNA was expressed in all normal ovarian specimens, while it appeared in 73% of ovarian carcinomas, 47% of borderline ovarian carcinomas and 19% of benign ovarian tumors.
  • There was notably statistically significant difference in the survivin mRNA expression rate dependent on different histological types (serous, mucinous, endometrioid, P = 0.008), but not - dependent on lymph node metastasis (P = 0.921) and ascites (P = 0.87).
  • In tissues with positive expression of survivin, we also found that mean survivin mRNA expression levels were higher in ovarian carcinomas than that in benign ovarian tumors and borderline ovarian carcinoma tissues (P < 0.001).
  • Among ovarian carcinomas, the high survivin mRNA expression levels correlated with the clinical stages, differentiation grade, lymph node metastasis, but not - with ascites and histological type.
  • CONCLUSION: Our study suggest that survivin is associated with progression of ovarian carcinoma.
  • [MeSH-major] Cystadenoma, Mucinous / metabolism. Cystadenoma, Serous / metabolism. Neoplasm Proteins / biosynthesis. Ovarian Neoplasms / metabolism. Ovarian Neoplasms / pathology
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Aged. Carcinoma / metabolism. Carcinoma / pathology. Disease Progression. Female. Humans. Middle Aged. Neoplasm Staging. RNA, Messenger / biosynthesis. RNA, Messenger / genetics. Retrospective Studies. Reverse Transcriptase Polymerase Chain Reaction

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  • (PMID = 17704744.001).
  • [ISSN] 1812-9269
  • [Journal-full-title] Experimental oncology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Exp. Oncol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Ukraine
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Neoplasm Proteins; 0 / RNA, Messenger
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44. Veras E, Deavers MT, Silva EG, Malpica A: Ovarian nonsmall cell neuroendocrine carcinoma: a clinicopathologic and immunohistochemical study of 11 cases. Am J Surg Pathol; 2007 May;31(5):774-82
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  • [Title] Ovarian nonsmall cell neuroendocrine carcinoma: a clinicopathologic and immunohistochemical study of 11 cases.
  • Nonsmall cell neuroendocrine carcinoma (NSCNEC) of the ovary is a rare and aggressive tumor commonly associated with other surface epithelial and germ cell neoplasms.
  • In 8 cases, NSCNEC was associated with other epithelial neoplasms, including mucinous neoplasms of low malignant potential, mucinous carcinoma, endometrioid carcinoma, mixed endometrioid and mucinous carcinoma, and a high-grade carcinoma, not otherwise specified.
  • In 2 cases, the tumor was associated with a mature cystic teratoma; one of them also containing an invasive moderately differentiated adenocarcinoma.
  • A single case was associated with a benign ovarian cyst.
  • NSCNEC represented anywhere from 10% to 90% of the ovarian tumor.
  • In summary, ovarian NSCNEC is an aggressive tumor with a tendency to present at advanced stage and cause death within a mean of 17 months after diagnosis; however, some patients, particularly those with stage I disease and/or those who have received platinum-based therapy, may have a more favorable prognosis.
  • [MeSH-major] Biomarkers, Tumor. Carcinoma, Neuroendocrine / pathology. Immunoenzyme Techniques. Ovarian Neoplasms / pathology
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Combined Modality Therapy. Fatal Outcome. Female. Humans. Middle Aged. Neoplasm Proteins / analysis. Neoplasm Staging. Neoplasms, Multiple Primary. Remission Induction. Treatment Outcome

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  • (PMID = 17460463.001).
  • [ISSN] 0147-5185
  • [Journal-full-title] The American journal of surgical pathology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Am. J. Surg. Pathol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Biomarkers, Tumor; 0 / Neoplasm Proteins
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45. Guo AT, Wei LX, Song X: [Histologic classification and prognostic implication of pseudomyxoma peritonei]. Zhonghua Bing Li Xue Za Zhi; 2007 Jul;36(7):474-9
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  • The cases were histologically classified into 3 subcategories: disseminated peritoneal adenomucinosis (DPAM), peritoneal mucinous carcinomatosis (PMCA), and PMCA with intermediate or discordant features (PMCA-I/D).
  • The age and sex of patients, frequency of operation and presence of ovarian involvement did not correlate with duration of survival.
  • On the other hand, the presence of appendiceal tumor, parenchymal invasion of abdominal viscera, cellularity, architecture, nuclear atypia and mitotic activity of the peritoneal lesion significantly correlated with survival.
  • CONCLUSIONS: In general, the 10-year survival rate of PMP was low, despite the relatively benign-looking or low-grade pathologic appearance.
  • [MeSH-major] Adenocarcinoma, Mucinous / pathology. Adenoma / pathology. Appendiceal Neoplasms / pathology. Peritoneal Neoplasms / pathology. Pseudomyxoma Peritonei / pathology
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Aged. Appendectomy. Female. Follow-Up Studies. Humans. Male. Middle Aged. Neoplasm Invasiveness. Retrospective Studies. Survival Rate. Young Adult

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  • (PMID = 17845762.001).
  • [ISSN] 0529-5807
  • [Journal-full-title] Zhonghua bing li xue za zhi = Chinese journal of pathology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Zhonghua Bing Li Xue Za Zhi
  • [Language] chi
  • [Publication-type] English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] China
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46. Jeurnink SM, Vleggaar FP, Siersema PD: Overview of the clinical problem: facts and current issues of mucinous cystic neoplasms of the pancreas. Dig Liver Dis; 2008 Nov;40(11):837-46
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  • [Title] Overview of the clinical problem: facts and current issues of mucinous cystic neoplasms of the pancreas.
  • Pancreatic cystic lesions are uncommon and consist of pseudocysts, congenital cysts and cystic neoplasms including mucinous cystic neoplasms, intraductal papillary mucinous neoplasms and serous cystic neoplasms.
  • Mucinous cystic neoplasms are large septated cysts without connection to the ductal system, characterised by the presence of thick-walled ovarian-type stroma and mucin.
  • Intraductal papillary mucinous neoplasms are neoplasms with tall, columnar, mucin-containing epithelium involving the main pancreatic ducts or major side branches.
  • Intraductal papillary mucinous neoplasms occur in men and women in their 60s and 70s and may differentiate into malignant neoplasms.
  • They mainly occur in women in their 50s and are generally benign.
  • As both mucinous cystic neoplasm and intraductal papillary mucinous neoplasms have a high malignant potential, it is important to differentiate between the various pancreatic cystic lesions.
  • Nonetheless, definitive guidelines to differentiate between serous cystic neoplasms, mucinous cystic neoplasms and intraductal papillary mucinous neoplasms are still poorly defined.
  • A number of management issues regarding these neoplasms are still under debate, for example which imaging technique to use, differentiation between malignant or benign lesions and the preferred treatment modality for each pancreatic cystic neoplasm.
  • Further research may lead to a definitive guideline for the diagnosis and treatment of mucinous cystic neoplasms, intraductal papillary mucinous neoplasms and serous cystic neoplasms.
  • [MeSH-major] Carcinoembryonic Antigen / analysis. Cystadenocarcinoma / pathology. Cystadenoma, Mucinous / pathology. Cystadenoma, Serous / pathology. Pancreatic Neoplasms / pathology
  • [MeSH-minor] Age Factors. Aged. Biomarkers, Tumor / analysis. Biopsy, Needle. Endosonography. Female. Humans. Immunohistochemistry. Male. Middle Aged. Neoplasm Staging. Pancreaticoduodenectomy / methods. Precancerous Conditions / pathology. Prognosis. Risk Assessment. Sex Factors. Survival Analysis. Tomography, X-Ray Computed

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  • (PMID = 18499541.001).
  • [ISSN] 1878-3562
  • [Journal-full-title] Digestive and liver disease : official journal of the Italian Society of Gastroenterology and the Italian Association for the Study of the Liver
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Dig Liver Dis
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] Netherlands
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Biomarkers, Tumor; 0 / Carcinoembryonic Antigen
  • [Number-of-references] 46
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47. Lee WA: Mucinous cystadenoma of the pancreas with predominant stroma creating a solid tumor. World J Surg Oncol; 2005 Sep 7;3:59
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  • [Title] Mucinous cystadenoma of the pancreas with predominant stroma creating a solid tumor.
  • BACKGROUND: Mucinous cystic neoplasm (MCN) of the pancreas is basically cystic epithelial neoplasm, unilocular or multilocular, occurring almost exclusively in women.
  • The subepithelial stromal component was composed of cytologically bland looking spindle cells, which resembled ovarian stroma.
  • The microscopy was consistent with mucinous cystadenoma of the pancreas.
  • CONCLUSION: This case of mucinous cystadenoma of the pancreas showed very interesting pathology: It was solid rather than cystic, and accompanied by abundant benign transitional epithelia, which was a very unusual and novel finding in the mucinous cystic neoplasm of the pancreas.

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  • (PMID = 16146567.001).
  • [ISSN] 1477-7819
  • [Journal-full-title] World journal of surgical oncology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] World J Surg Oncol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC1236970
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48. Hayashi M, Shibazaki M, Sohma R, Inaba N: Effects of histologic type on levels of macrophage colony-stimulating factor in liquid contents of benign ovarian tumors. Am J Med Sci; 2006 Oct;332(4):181-5
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  • [Title] Effects of histologic type on levels of macrophage colony-stimulating factor in liquid contents of benign ovarian tumors.
  • BACKGROUND: Normal ovarian tissue is rich in cytokines.
  • Cytokines are important in the physiology of ovarian function.
  • Most of the same cytokines that are found in normal ovarian tissue are also found in association with benign and malignant tumors in contrast to their functions in normal tissues.
  • Thus, we measured macrophage colony-stimulating factor (M-CSF) levels in the liquid contents of benign ovarian tumors--serous cystadenoma, mucinous cystadenoma, and mature cystic teratoma--and investigated whether M-CSF levels were associated with the histologic type of the ovarian tumors.
  • METHODS: We enrolled 65 patients, 52 with benign ovarian tumor and 13 in the early postmenopausal period with symptoms of a menopausal disorder.
  • Among the 52 patients with benign ovarian tumor, 16 had serous cystadenoma, 21 had mucinous cystadenoma, and 15 had mature cystic teratoma.
  • Immediately after surgery, the liquid content was drawn from the ovarian tumor, then centrifuged, and the separated supernatant was stored at -30 degrees C.
  • RESULTS: The level of M-CSF was 12,513 U/mL (median) (range, 0-169,000 U/mL) in serous cystadenoma, 915 U/mL (0-82,500 U/mL) in mucinous cystadenoma, and 149 U/mL (0-6,230 U/mL) in mature cystic teratoma.
  • The M-CSF levels increased significantly from mature cystic teratoma to mucinous cystadenoma to serous cystadenoma.
  • The serum M-CSF levels were 308 to 499 U/mL in patients with benign ovarian tumor.
  • CONCLUSIONS: Elevation of levels of M-CSF varies according to histologic type in benign ovarian tumors.
  • This implies that the antitumor activities of M-CSF for serous cystadenoma, mucinous cystadenoma, and mature cystic teratoma differ by histologic type.
  • [MeSH-major] Extracellular Fluid / metabolism. Macrophage Colony-Stimulating Factor / metabolism. Neoplasm Proteins / metabolism. Neoplasms / metabolism. Neoplasms / pathology. Ovarian Neoplasms / metabolism. Ovarian Neoplasms / pathology

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  • (PMID = 17031243.001).
  • [ISSN] 0002-9629
  • [Journal-full-title] The American journal of the medical sciences
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Am. J. Med. Sci.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Comparative Study; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Neoplasm Proteins; 81627-83-0 / Macrophage Colony-Stimulating Factor
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49. Nosov V, Su F, Amneus M, Birrer M, Robins T, Kotlerman J, Reddy S, Farias-Eisner R: Validation of serum biomarkers for detection of early-stage ovarian cancer. Am J Obstet Gynecol; 2009 Jun;200(6):639.e1-5
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  • [Title] Validation of serum biomarkers for detection of early-stage ovarian cancer.
  • OBJECTIVE: Ovarian cancer has the highest mortality of all the gynecologic malignancies with most patients diagnosed at late stages.
  • We identified 3 serum proteins (apolipoprotein A-1, transthyretin, and transferrin) for the detection of ovarian cancer and reported them combined with CA-125 to effectively detect early-stage mucinous tumors.
  • The objectives of this study were to assess the effectiveness of the panel in detection of early-stage serous and endometrioid ovarian cancers.
  • STUDY DESIGN: In all, 358 serum samples (control, benign adnexal masses, and early-stage and late-stage ovarian cancer) were obtained from the National Cancer Institute.
  • CONCLUSION: A panel of 4 serum biomarkers effectively detected early-stage ovarian cancers with the highest reported overall sensitivity of 96%.
  • Prospective clinical analysis of the panel is needed to validate it as an effective screening tool for early-stage ovarian cancer.
  • [MeSH-major] Apolipoprotein A-I / blood. CA-125 Antigen / blood. Early Detection of Cancer. Ovarian Neoplasms / blood. Ovarian Neoplasms / diagnosis. Prealbumin / analysis. Transferrin / analysis
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Biomarkers / blood. Female. Humans. Middle Aged. Neoplasm Staging. Sensitivity and Specificity

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  • [CommentIn] Am J Obstet Gynecol. 2009 Jun;200(6):e1-3 [19482110.001]
  • (PMID = 19285648.001).
  • [ISSN] 1097-6868
  • [Journal-full-title] American journal of obstetrics and gynecology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Am. J. Obstet. Gynecol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.; Validation Studies
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Apolipoprotein A-I; 0 / Biomarkers; 0 / CA-125 Antigen; 0 / Prealbumin; 0 / Transferrin
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50. Kato N, Sasou S, Motoyama T: Expression of hepatocyte nuclear factor-1beta (HNF-1beta) in clear cell tumors and endometriosis of the ovary. Mod Pathol; 2006 Jan;19(1):83-9
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  • Clear cell tumors of the ovary are frequently associated with ovarian endometriosis.
  • In the present study, we examined 30 clear cell tumors (26 malignant, three borderline, and one benign) and 40 endometriotic cysts to clarify if differentiation into the clear cell lineage already begins in ovarian endometriosis.
  • All of the 30 clear cell tumors, including borderline and benign ones, showed immunohistochemical expression of HNF-1beta in the nucleus, while other types of ovarian epithelial tumors (endometrioid, serous, mucinous, and Brenner tumors) rarely expressed it.
  • In nine of the 12 cases, distinct nuclear immunostaining for HNF-1beta was detected in the endometriotic epithelium, as well as in the clear cell tumor.
  • Furthermore, 16 of 40 (40%) endometriotic cysts without a neoplasm also expressed HNF-1beta, and the expression was almost exclusively observed in the epithelium showing inflammatory atypia.
  • Our results indicate that HNF-1beta is an excellent molecular marker for ovarian clear cell tumors, including benign, borderline and malignant lesions.
  • Early differentiation into the clear cell lineage takes place in ovarian endometriosis, not only in atypical endometriosis, but also in endometriosis with degenerative and regenerative changes, and this is probably responsible for the frequent occurrence of clear cell carcinoma in ovarian endometriosis.
  • [MeSH-major] Adenocarcinoma, Clear Cell / pathology. Endometriosis / pathology. Hepatocyte Nuclear Factor 1-beta / biosynthesis. Ovarian Diseases / pathology. Ovarian Neoplasms / pathology
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Aged. Epithelial Cells / chemistry. Epithelial Cells / pathology. Female. Humans. Immunohistochemistry. Middle Aged. Ovarian Cysts / metabolism. Ovarian Cysts / pathology

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  • (PMID = 16258507.001).
  • [ISSN] 0893-3952
  • [Journal-full-title] Modern pathology : an official journal of the United States and Canadian Academy of Pathology, Inc
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Mod. Pathol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 138674-15-4 / Hepatocyte Nuclear Factor 1-beta
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51. El Ayed M, Bonnel D, Longuespée R, Castelier C, Franck J, Vergara D, Desmons A, Tasiemski A, Kenani A, Vinatier D, Day R, Fournier I, Salzet M: MALDI imaging mass spectrometry in ovarian cancer for tracking, identifying, and validating biomarkers. Med Sci Monit; 2010 Aug;16(8):BR233-45
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  • [Title] MALDI imaging mass spectrometry in ovarian cancer for tracking, identifying, and validating biomarkers.
  • We propose an analytical tool to track ovarian carcinoma biomarkers, that is, the MALDI mass spectrometry imaging.
  • MATERIAL/METHODS: Ovarian carcinomas and benign ovaries were directly analyzed by MALDI-TOF-MS.
  • RESULTS: A list of specific biomarkers from the ovarian carcinoma regions was obtained and classified as proteins associated with cell proliferation, involved in immune response modulation, signaling to the cytoskeleton, and tumor progression.
  • These specific biomarkers were then validated by immunocytochemistry using Tag-mass technology, cell biology, Western blot, and by PCR (using SKOV-3 ovarian epithelial cancer cells).
  • [MeSH-major] Biomarkers, Tumor / metabolism. Ovarian Neoplasms / diagnosis. Ovarian Neoplasms / metabolism. Spectrometry, Mass, Matrix-Assisted Laser Desorption-Ionization / methods
  • [MeSH-minor] Adenocarcinoma, Mucinous. Amino Acid Sequence. Female. Gene Expression Regulation, Neoplastic. Humans. Molecular Sequence Data. Molecular Weight. Nanotechnology. Neoplasm Proteins / chemistry. Neoplasm Proteins / metabolism. Neoplasm Staging. Principal Component Analysis. Reproducibility of Results

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  • (PMID = 20671603.001).
  • [ISSN] 1643-3750
  • [Journal-full-title] Medical science monitor : international medical journal of experimental and clinical research
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Med. Sci. Monit.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] Poland
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Biomarkers, Tumor; 0 / Neoplasm Proteins
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52. Kelly PJ, Archbold P, Price JH, Cardwell C, McCluggage WG: Serum CA19.9 levels are commonly elevated in primary ovarian mucinous tumours but cannot be used to predict the histological subtype. J Clin Pathol; 2010 Feb;63(2):169-73
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  • [Title] Serum CA19.9 levels are commonly elevated in primary ovarian mucinous tumours but cannot be used to predict the histological subtype.
  • AIMS: CA19.9 is a monosialoganglioside secreted by mucinous tumours of the gastrointestinal tract, including the pancreas and biliary tree.
  • Limited studies have shown that this tumour marker may also be elevated in primary ovarian mucinous neoplasms, but no study has assessed whether serum CA19.9 levels can be used to predict if a primary ovarian mucinous tumour is benign, borderline or malignant.
  • The aim of this study was to correlate the serum CA19.9 level with the histological features in a large series of primary ovarian mucinous neoplasms.
  • METHODS: 144 cases of primary ovarian mucinous neoplasm (79 benign, 45 borderline and 20 malignant) were identified in which a preoperative serum CA19.9 level had been performed.
  • RESULTS: Serum CA19.9 levels were elevated in 27%, 38% and 40% of mucinous cystadenomas, borderline mucinous tumours and mucinous carcinomas, respectively.
  • Markedly elevated levels of serum CA19.9 were observed in each group, with the highest serum CA19.9 measurements being noted in borderline mucinous tumours.
  • There was no relationship between the serum CA19.9 level and whether the tumours were benign, borderline or malignant (Kruskal-Wallis test p value=0.32).
  • CONCLUSION: Preoperative CA19.9 levels cannot be used to predict whether a suspected ovarian mucinous tumour is benign, borderline or malignant.
  • Markedly elevated serum levels (>1000 U/ml) may be found in benign mucinous neoplasms as well as in borderline and malignant tumours.
  • [MeSH-major] Adenocarcinoma, Mucinous / diagnosis. CA-19-9 Antigen / blood. Cystadenoma, Mucinous / diagnosis. Ovarian Neoplasms / diagnosis

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  • (PMID = 20154039.001).
  • [ISSN] 1472-4146
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of clinical pathology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Clin. Pathol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Multicenter Study
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / CA-19-9 Antigen
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53. Daponte A, Kostopoulou E, Kollia P, Papamichali R, Vanakara P, Hadjichristodoulou C, Nakou M, Samara S, Koukoulis G, Messinis IE: L1 (CAM) (CD171) in ovarian serous neoplasms. Eur J Gynaecol Oncol; 2008;29(1):26-30
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  • [Title] L1 (CAM) (CD171) in ovarian serous neoplasms.
  • PURPOSE OF THE INVESTIGATION: The evaluation of L1 (CAM) as a tumor progression marker and as a prognostic factor in serous ovarian tumors.
  • METHODS: L1 (CAM) protein expression was assessed by immunohistochemistry and Western blot in serous ovarian tumors [cystadenomas (n = 20), borderline tumors (n = 14) and carcinomas (n = 47)], and was correlated with stage,grade, progression-free survival time (PFS) and overall survival.
  • It increased from benign tumors to early carcinomas and to advanced stage carcinomas progressively and significantly.
  • CONCLUSION: L1 (CAM) expression represents a novel diagnostic marker in serous ovarian neoplasms that shows characteristics of tumor progression.
  • [MeSH-major] Biomarkers, Tumor. Disease-Free Survival. Neoplasms, Cystic, Mucinous, and Serous / metabolism. Neural Cell Adhesion Molecule L1 / metabolism. Ovarian Neoplasms / metabolism
  • [MeSH-minor] Female. Follow-Up Studies. Humans. Immunohistochemistry. Kaplan-Meier Estimate. Neoplasm Staging

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  • (PMID = 18386459.001).
  • [ISSN] 0392-2936
  • [Journal-full-title] European journal of gynaecological oncology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Eur. J. Gynaecol. Oncol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Italy
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Biomarkers, Tumor; 0 / Neural Cell Adhesion Molecule L1
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54. Castellvi J, Garcia A, Rojo F, Ruiz-Marcellan C, Gil A, Baselga J, Ramon y Cajal S: Phosphorylated 4E binding protein 1: a hallmark of cell signaling that correlates with survival in ovarian cancer. Cancer; 2006 Oct 15;107(8):1801-11
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  • [Title] Phosphorylated 4E binding protein 1: a hallmark of cell signaling that correlates with survival in ovarian cancer.
  • BACKGROUND: Growth factor receptors and cell signaling factors play a crucial role in human carcinomas and have been studied in ovarian tumors with varying results.
  • The objectives of this study were to analyze the real role that these pathways play in ovarian cancer, to correlate them with clinicopathologic characteristics, and to identify the factors that transmit individual proliferation signals and are associated with pathologic grade and prognosis, regardless specific oncogenic alterations upstream.
  • METHODS: One hundred twenty-nine ovarian epithelial tumors were studied, including 20 serous cystadenomas, 7 mucinous cystadenomas, 11 serous borderline tumors, 16 mucinous borderline tumors, 29 serous carcinomas, 16 endometrioid carcinomas, 15 clear cell carcinomas, and 15 mucinous carcinomas.
  • RESULTS: Among 129 ovarian neoplasms, 17.8% were positive for c-erb-B2, 9.3% were positive for EGFR, 47.3% were positive for phosphorylated AKT (p-AKT), 58.9% were positive for p-ERK, 41.1% were positive for p-4EBP1, 26.4% were positive for p70S6K, and 15.5% were positive for p-S6.
  • Although EGFR, p-AKT, and p-ERK expression did not differ between benign, borderline, or malignant tumors, c-erb-B2, p-4EBP1, p-p70S6K, and p-S6 were expressed significantly more often in malignant tumors.
  • CONCLUSIONS: In patients with ovarian carcinoma, significant expression of p-4EBP1 was associated with high-grade tumors and a poor prognosis, regardless other oncogenic alterations upstream.
  • This finding supports the study of this factor as a hallmark or pivotal factor in cell signaling in ovarian carcinoma that may crucial in the transmission of the proliferation cell signal and may reflect the real oncogenic role of this pathway in ovarian tumors.
  • [MeSH-major] Adaptor Proteins, Signal Transducing / physiology. Ovarian Neoplasms / metabolism. Phosphoproteins / physiology. Signal Transduction
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Aged. Aged, 80 and over. Female. Follow-Up Studies. Humans. Middle Aged. Neoplasm Recurrence, Local. Oncogene Protein v-akt / metabolism. Phosphorylation. Prognosis. Receptor, Epidermal Growth Factor / metabolism. Receptor, ErbB-2 / metabolism. Survival Analysis


55. Chang WC, Sheu BC, Lin MC, Chow SN, Huang SC: Carcinosarcoma-like mural nodule in intestinal-type mucinous ovarian of borderline malignancy: a case report. Int J Gynecol Cancer; 2005 May-Jun;15(3):549-53
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  • [Title] Carcinosarcoma-like mural nodule in intestinal-type mucinous ovarian of borderline malignancy: a case report.
  • Epithelial ovarian tumors of borderline malignancy are tumors with histologic features and biologic behavior between benign and frankly malignant epithelial ovarian neoplasms.
  • Here, we present a 35-year-old patient with carcinosarcoma-like mural nodule in intestinal-type mucinous ovarian tumor of borderline malignancy.
  • Total hysterectomy, bilateral salpingo-oophorectomy, appendectomy, and omentectomy were performed, and the frozen pathology during operation showed mucinous tumor of borderline malignancy of left ovary on April 18, 2002.
  • It is difficult to determine whether intestinal-type borderline mucinous tumors with intraepithelial carcinoma are associated with a worse prognosis compared with those with epithelial atypia alone due to disparate results in the published literature.
  • However, too few cases of carcinosarcoma-like mural nodule in mucinous tumor have been published to warrant a conclusion regarding their prognosis.
  • [MeSH-major] Carcinosarcoma / pathology. Ovarian Neoplasms / pathology
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Female. Humans. Neoplasm Invasiveness. Prognosis

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  • (PMID = 15882184.001).
  • [ISSN] 1048-891X
  • [Journal-full-title] International journal of gynecological cancer : official journal of the International Gynecological Cancer Society
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Int. J. Gynecol. Cancer
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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56. Mittal S, Gupta N, Sharma AK, Dadhwal V: Laparoscopic management of a large recurrent benign mucinous cystadenoma of the ovary. Arch Gynecol Obstet; 2008 Apr;277(4):379-80
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  • [Title] Laparoscopic management of a large recurrent benign mucinous cystadenoma of the ovary.
  • INTRODUCTION: Benign mucinous cystadenomas account for 15% of all ovarian neoplasms and up to 80% of all mucinous tumors.
  • Laparoscopy has become an accepted method of management for ovarian cysts and its role is expanding as large benign adnexal masses more than 10 cm can be managed safely and effectively.
  • CASE REPORT: We report a 25-year-old nulliparous lady with a huge benign mucinous cystadenoma managed by laparoscopic cystectomy, followed by an early recurrence within 2 months.
  • Pathology revealed a benign cyst.
  • CONCLUSION: Since mucinous tumors are usually benign and multilocular, management of young patients is challenging, especially in the case of recurrence which is very rare.
  • [MeSH-major] Cystadenoma, Mucinous / surgery. Laparoscopy / methods. Neoplasm Recurrence, Local / surgery. Ovarian Neoplasms / surgery. Ovariectomy

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  • (PMID = 18236062.001).
  • [ISSN] 0932-0067
  • [Journal-full-title] Archives of gynecology and obstetrics
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Arch. Gynecol. Obstet.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Letter
  • [Publication-country] Germany
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57. Lee CH, Xue H, Sutcliffe M, Gout PW, Huntsman DG, Miller DM, Gilks CB, Wang YZ: Establishment of subrenal capsule xenografts of primary human ovarian tumors in SCID mice: potential models. Gynecol Oncol; 2005 Jan;96(1):48-55
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Establishment of subrenal capsule xenografts of primary human ovarian tumors in SCID mice: potential models.
  • OBJECTIVE: To evaluate subrenal capsule xenografting of primary ovarian tumor tissues in mice for development of new ovarian cancer models.
  • METHODS: Pieces (1 x 3 x 3 mm) of ovarian tumor specimens from patients were meticulously grafted under renal capsules of female NOD/SCID mice within 2 h of surgical removal.
  • Tumor types included papillary serous adenocarcinomas, borderline and benign mucinous cystadenomas, granulosa cell tumors, a serous borderline tumor and a grade 3 mixed surface epithelial tumor of transitional and undifferentiated types.
  • RESULTS: Tumor tissue engraftment rate was > 95%.
  • CONCLUSIONS: Subrenal capsule xenografts of primary human ovarian tumors in SCID mice can retain major histopathological and immunohistochemical characteristics of the original tissues.
  • The achievable, consistently high engraftment rate allows use of such xenografts as tools for studying a wide range of ovarian tumors, including granulosa cell tumors and benign, borderline, and malignant surface epithelial neoplasms.
  • Potential applications include preclinical testing of patients' tumor responses to various chemotherapeutic regimens, evaluation of novel therapeutic agents, analysis of tumor progression at cellular and molecular levels, and identification of new therapeutic targets.
  • [MeSH-major] Disease Models, Animal. Ovarian Neoplasms / pathology. Subrenal Capsule Assay
  • [MeSH-minor] Animals. Female. Humans. Immunophenotyping. Mice. Mice, Inbred NOD. Mice, SCID. Neoplasm Transplantation. Transplantation, Heterologous

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  • (PMID = 15589579.001).
  • [ISSN] 0090-8258
  • [Journal-full-title] Gynecologic oncology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Gynecol. Oncol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] United States
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58. Ben-Ami I, Smorgick N, Tovbin J, Fuchs N, Halperin R, Pansky M: Does intraoperative spillage of benign ovarian mucinous cystadenoma increase its recurrence rate? Am J Obstet Gynecol; 2010 Feb;202(2):142.e1-5
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  • [Title] Does intraoperative spillage of benign ovarian mucinous cystadenoma increase its recurrence rate?
  • OBJECTIVE: To report a higher than estimated recurrence rate of benign mucinous cystadenomas after complete resection of the first one, and to assess potential risk factors for recurrence after complete surgical excision.
  • STUDY DESIGN: We retrospectively reviewed all cases of women who underwent either laparoscopic or laparotomic removal of benign mucinous adnexal cysts by either adnexectomy or cystectomy in our institution between 1996 and 2006.
  • CONCLUSION: Mucinous cystadenoma recurrence is apparently not as rare as reported in the literature.
  • [MeSH-major] Cystadenoma, Mucinous / surgery. Neoplasm Recurrence, Local / epidemiology. Ovarian Neoplasms / surgery. Postoperative Complications / epidemiology
  • [MeSH-minor] Adolescent. Adult. Aged. Female. Humans. Incidence. Middle Aged. Ovarian Cysts / surgery. Ovariectomy. Retrospective Studies

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  • [Copyright] Copyright 2010 Mosby, Inc. All rights reserved.
  • (PMID = 20022314.001).
  • [ISSN] 1097-6868
  • [Journal-full-title] American journal of obstetrics and gynecology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Am. J. Obstet. Gynecol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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59. Zhang J, Chen AP, Wang B, Zhao SP, Liu LZ, Dai SZ: [Correlations of EGFR and LRP to chemotherapy resistance and prognosis of ovarian cancer]. Ai Zheng; 2008 Dec;27(12):1331-6
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  • [Title] [Correlations of EGFR and LRP to chemotherapy resistance and prognosis of ovarian cancer].
  • BACKGROUND & OBJECTIVE: Abnormal expression and activation of epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR), which is closely related to the recurrence and poor prognosis of ovarian cancer, can promote chemotherapy resistance of tumor cells.
  • Lung resistance protein (LRP), a multidrug resistance protein causing platinum-resistance, is an independent factor in predicting chemotherapy sensitivity to ovarian cancer.
  • This study was to explore the correlations of EGFR and LRP to chemotherapy resistance and prognosis of ovarian cancer.
  • METHODS: Expressions of EGFR and LRP in 76 specimens of ovarian malignant tumor, nine borderline tumor, 17 benign tumor and 15 normal ovary were studied using immunohistochemistry.
  • Patients with ovarian cancer were followed up.
  • Correlations of EGFR and LRP to chemotherapy efficacy and survival time of patients with ovarian cancer after operation were analyzed.
  • RESULTS: The positive rates of EGFR and LRP in malignant specimens (73.68% and 71.79%) were significantly higher than those in normal and benign ones (P <0.01).
  • EGFR was highly expressed in ovarian cancer patients at late stage (III-IV), with poor differentiation and ascites (P <0.05).
  • The short-term efficacy rates of ovarian cancer were lower in patients with positive expressions of EGFR and LRP (57.14% and 53.70%) than in those with negative expressions (P<0.05).
  • The three-year survival rate of ovarian cancer patients was 53.00%.
  • CONCLUSION: The expression of EGFR and LRP could be used to predict chemotherapy resistance and prognosis of ovarian cancer.
  • [MeSH-major] Cystadenocarcinoma, Serous / metabolism. Drug Resistance, Neoplasm. Ovarian Neoplasms / metabolism. Receptor, Epidermal Growth Factor / metabolism. Vault Ribonucleoprotein Particles / metabolism
  • [MeSH-minor] Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols / therapeutic use. Cisplatin / administration & dosage. Cisplatin / pharmacology. Cystadenocarcinoma, Mucinous / drug therapy. Cystadenocarcinoma, Mucinous / metabolism. Cystadenocarcinoma, Mucinous / pathology. Cystadenoma, Mucinous / drug therapy. Cystadenoma, Mucinous / metabolism. Cystadenoma, Mucinous / pathology. Cystadenoma, Serous / drug therapy. Cystadenoma, Serous / metabolism. Cystadenoma, Serous / pathology. Female. Follow-Up Studies. Humans. Middle Aged. Neoplasm Staging. Survival Rate


60. Moolthiya W, Yuenyao P: The risk of malignancy index (RMI) in diagnosis of ovarian malignancy. Asian Pac J Cancer Prev; 2009;10(5):865-8
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  • [Title] The risk of malignancy index (RMI) in diagnosis of ovarian malignancy.
  • OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the ability of two risk of malignancy indices (RMI) based on serum levels of CA 125, ultrasonographic score, and menopausal status to discriminate between benign and borderline or malignant ovarian tumor.
  • CONCLUSION: The RMI is able to discriminate between benign and borderline or malignant ovarian tumor.
  • [MeSH-major] Adenocarcinoma, Clear Cell / diagnosis. Adenocarcinoma, Mucinous / diagnosis. CA-125 Antigen / blood. Cystadenocarcinoma, Serous / diagnosis. Endometrial Neoplasms / diagnosis. Ovarian Neoplasms / diagnosis
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Biomarkers, Tumor / blood. Female. Humans. Middle Aged. Neoplasm Staging. Postmenopause. Radioimmunoassay. Retrospective Studies. Sensitivity and Specificity. Survival Rate. Treatment Outcome. Ultrasonography

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  • (PMID = 20162854.001).
  • [ISSN] 2476-762X
  • [Journal-full-title] Asian Pacific journal of cancer prevention : APJCP
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Asian Pac. J. Cancer Prev.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Thailand
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Biomarkers, Tumor; 0 / CA-125 Antigen
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61. Zaman S, Majid S, Hussain M, Chughtai O, Mahboob J, Chughtai S: A retrospective study of ovarian tumours and tumour-like lesions. J Ayub Med Coll Abbottabad; 2010 Jan-Mar;22(1):104-8
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  • [Title] A retrospective study of ovarian tumours and tumour-like lesions.
  • Objective of the study was to determine the nature of various ovarian lesions and to ascertain the frequency and distribution of the various non-neoplastic and neoplastic lesions.
  • METHODS: The study was a retrospective review of all cases of ovarian cancer, benign ovarian neoplasm and functional ovarian cysts received during Jan-Dec 2008 at Chughtai's Lahore Laboratory.
  • Among the neoplastic tumours 78.70% were benign and 21.29% were malignant.
  • Benign serous cysts were the commonest benign tumour followed by mature cystic teratoma and mucinous cyst.
  • CONCLUSION: The morphologic diversity of ovarian masses poses many challenges.
  • [MeSH-major] Ovarian Neoplasms / pathology
  • [MeSH-minor] Adolescent. Adult. Aged. Female. Humans. Middle Aged. Ovarian Cysts / epidemiology. Ovarian Cysts / pathology. Pakistan / epidemiology. Retrospective Studies

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  • (PMID = 21409917.001).
  • [ISSN] 1025-9589
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of Ayub Medical College, Abbottabad : JAMC
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Ayub Med Coll Abbottabad
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Pakistan
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62. Kawamura K, Komohara Y, Takaishi K, Katabuchi H, Takeya M: Detection of M2 macrophages and colony-stimulating factor 1 expression in serous and mucinous ovarian epithelial tumors. Pathol Int; 2009 May;59(5):300-5
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  • [Title] Detection of M2 macrophages and colony-stimulating factor 1 expression in serous and mucinous ovarian epithelial tumors.
  • Tumor-associated macrophages (TAM) are known to possess the immunosuppressive M2 macrophage phenotype.
  • They contribute to tumor growth, invasion, and metastasis by producing various mediators.
  • Macrophages, especially M2 polarized macrophages, preferentially express CD163 and CD204, but few studies have investigated macrophage phenotypes in human ovarian tumors.
  • The purpose of the present study was therefore to present results on macrophage differentiation in human ovarian serous and mucinous epithelial tumors.
  • The method focused on immunostaining of paraffin-embedded tumor samples.
  • Almost all macrophages infiltrating tumor tissues expressed CD163 and CD204, indicating the phenotypic shift toward M2 macrophage.
  • The numbers of CD68-positive macrophages as well as of CD163- and CD204-positive macrophages in borderline and malignant tumors were significantly higher than in benign tumors.
  • CSF-1 expression in malignant tumor cells was significantly higher than that in benign tumor cells and correlated with histological malignancy.
  • These results suggest that CSF-1 derived from tumor tissues induces macrophages to shift toward the M2 phenotype, which is considered to promote tumor growth.
  • [MeSH-major] Cystadenocarcinoma, Mucinous / immunology. Cystadenocarcinoma, Serous / immunology. Macrophage Colony-Stimulating Factor / biosynthesis. Macrophages / immunology. Ovarian Neoplasms / immunology
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Aged. Antigens, CD / immunology. Antigens, CD / metabolism. Antigens, Differentiation, Myelomonocytic / immunology. Antigens, Differentiation, Myelomonocytic / metabolism. Cell Differentiation / immunology. Female. Humans. Immunohistochemistry. Middle Aged. Neoplasm Invasiveness / immunology. Phenotype. Receptors, Cell Surface / immunology. Receptors, Cell Surface / metabolism. Scavenger Receptors, Class A / immunology. Scavenger Receptors, Class A / metabolism

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  • (PMID = 19432671.001).
  • [ISSN] 1440-1827
  • [Journal-full-title] Pathology international
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Pathol. Int.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] Australia
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Antigens, CD; 0 / Antigens, Differentiation, Myelomonocytic; 0 / CD163 antigen; 0 / MSR1 protein, human; 0 / Receptors, Cell Surface; 0 / Scavenger Receptors, Class A; 81627-83-0 / Macrophage Colony-Stimulating Factor
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63. Hu CJ, Zhang F, Chen YJ, Sun XM, Zheng JF: [Correlation of hK6 expression with clinicopathological features and prognosis in epithelial ovarian cancer]. Zhonghua Zhong Liu Za Zhi; 2009 Jul;31(7):520-3
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  • [Title] [Correlation of hK6 expression with clinicopathological features and prognosis in epithelial ovarian cancer].
  • OBJECTIVE: To approach the relationship between the expression of hK6 in ovarian neoplasm and clinicopathological variables and prognosis in ovarian cancer patients for finding a new tumor marker of the ovarian cancer.
  • METHODS: The expression of hK6 was detected by immunohistochemistry in 19 cases of benign, 11 cases of borderline and 45 cases of malignant ovarian neoplasms and statistically analyzed whether its expression correlate with clinicopathological variables and prognosis in patients with ovarian cancer.
  • RESULTS: The expression of hK6 in ovarian cancer tissues (60.0%) was significantly higher than that in the benign (15.8%) and borderline (27.3%) ovarian neoplasm tissues (P < 0.01).
  • The expression of hK6 in higher-grade ovarian cancer tissues (68.4% ) was higher than that in low-grade ones (14.3%, P < 0.05).
  • CONCLUSION: The expression of hK6 in ovarian cancer was higher than that in benign and borderline ovarian neoplasms.
  • The expression of hK6 is higher in the ovarian cancer of late stage, higher-grade, with lymph node metastasis and is associated with a poorer prognosis. hK6 may become a new markers in prediction of prognosis of the patients with ovarian tumors.
  • [MeSH-major] Biomarkers, Tumor / metabolism. Cystadenocarcinoma, Mucinous / metabolism. Cystadenocarcinoma, Serous / metabolism. Kallikreins / metabolism. Ovarian Neoplasms / metabolism
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Aged. Carcinoma, Endometrioid / metabolism. Carcinoma, Endometrioid / pathology. Cystadenoma, Mucinous / metabolism. Cystadenoma, Mucinous / pathology. Cystadenoma, Serous / metabolism. Cystadenoma, Serous / pathology. Female. Humans. Lymphatic Metastasis. Middle Aged. Neoplasm Recurrence, Local. Neoplasm Staging. Prognosis. Young Adult

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  • (PMID = 19950700.001).
  • [ISSN] 0253-3766
  • [Journal-full-title] Zhonghua zhong liu za zhi [Chinese journal of oncology]
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Zhonghua Zhong Liu Za Zhi
  • [Language] chi
  • [Publication-type] English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] China
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Biomarkers, Tumor; EC 3.4.21.- / KLK6 protein, human; EC 3.4.21.- / Kallikreins
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64. Okamoto Y, Tanaka YO, Tsunoda H, Yoshikawa H, Minami M: Malignant or borderline mucinous cystic neoplasms have a larger number of loculi than mucinous cystadenoma: a retrospective study with MR. J Magn Reson Imaging; 2007 Jul;26(1):94-9
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  • [Title] Malignant or borderline mucinous cystic neoplasms have a larger number of loculi than mucinous cystadenoma: a retrospective study with MR.
  • PURPOSE: To determine whether there is any correlation between the number of loculi and the pathological grade of malignancy in mucinous cystic tumors of the ovary.
  • MATERIALS AND METHODS: We retrospectively studied MR images of 67 pathologically proven mucinous cystic tumors of the ovaries.
  • The differences between the benign and malignant lesions were statistically significant in number (P = 0.001), maximum diameter (P = 0.011), and ratio (P = 0.002).
  • CONCLUSION: Ovarian mucinous neoplasm of borderline malignancy and mucinous adenocarcinomas had a larger number of loculi than adenomas.
  • [MeSH-major] Cystadenoma, Mucinous / pathology. Magnetic Resonance Imaging / methods. Ovarian Neoplasms / pathology
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Contrast Media. Female. Gadolinium DTPA. Humans. Middle Aged. Neoplasm Staging. Retrospective Studies

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  • [Copyright] Copyright 2007 Wiley-Liss, Inc.
  • (PMID = 17659568.001).
  • [ISSN] 1053-1807
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of magnetic resonance imaging : JMRI
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Magn Reson Imaging
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Contrast Media; K2I13DR72L / Gadolinium DTPA
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65. Poli Neto OB, Candido Dos Reis FJ, Zambelli Ramalho LN, Nogueira AA, de Andrade JM: p63 expression in epithelial ovarian tumors. Int J Gynecol Cancer; 2006 Jan-Feb;16(1):152-5
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  • [Title] p63 expression in epithelial ovarian tumors.
  • Ovarian cancer is a highly lethal disease and its underlying biology is poorly understood.
  • The p63 is a homologue gene of the tumor suppressor p53. p63 appears to be important for the development and differentiation of reproductive epithelium and interacts with p53 in human tumorigenesis.
  • This study presents the immunoexpression of the p63 in benign and malignant epithelial ovarian tumors.
  • We evaluated the p63 immunoexpression in 91 ovarian benign cystadenomas (29 mucinous and 62 serous) and in 29 ovarian malignant tumors (3 mucinous borderline, 3 serous borderline, 17 serous carcinomas, 2 endometrioid, 2 undifferentiated, 1 mucinous, and 1 clear-cell carcinoma) using a monoclonal antibody clone 4A4 (1:200), which recognizes all p63 variants.
  • We observed 85.7% of positivity in benign tumors, 50% in borderline tumors, and 8.7% in invasive ovarian cancer (P < .0001).
  • The benign serous cystadenomas were positive in 91.9% of cases and benign mucinous cystadenomas in 72.4% (P= .02).
  • These data suggests an important role of p63 in the control of ovarian epithelium behavior.
  • The p63 may be involved in the development of benign and malignant epithelial ovarian tumors.
  • [MeSH-major] Carcinoma / genetics. Carcinoma / pathology. Cystadenoma / pathology. Ovarian Neoplasms / genetics. Ovarian Neoplasms / pathology. Phosphoproteins / metabolism. Trans-Activators / metabolism
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Age Factors. Biomarkers, Tumor / analysis. Biopsy, Needle. Cohort Studies. DNA-Binding Proteins. Female. Gene Expression Regulation, Neoplastic. Genes, Tumor Suppressor. Humans. Immunohistochemistry. Middle Aged. Neoplasm Staging. Probability. Prognosis. Risk Assessment. Sensitivity and Specificity. Tissue Culture Techniques. Transcription Factors. Tumor Suppressor Proteins

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  • (PMID = 16445626.001).
  • [ISSN] 1048-891X
  • [Journal-full-title] International journal of gynecological cancer : official journal of the International Gynecological Cancer Society
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Int. J. Gynecol. Cancer
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Comparative Study; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Biomarkers, Tumor; 0 / DNA-Binding Proteins; 0 / Phosphoproteins; 0 / TP63 protein, human; 0 / Trans-Activators; 0 / Transcription Factors; 0 / Tumor Suppressor Proteins
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66. Vereczkey I, Tóth E, Orosz Z: [Diagnostic problems of ovarian mucinous borderline tumors]. Magy Onkol; 2009 Jun;53(2):127-33
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  • [Title] [Diagnostic problems of ovarian mucinous borderline tumors].
  • About 15-20% of all ovarian epithelial neoplasms are of borderline type (or atypical proliferative or carcinoma of low malignant potential) and about 5-7% are mucinous type, which are the second most common type behind the serous borderline tumors.
  • The borderline tumor is a serious diagnostic and treatment problem both for the pathologists and for clinicians.
  • These tumors appeared to be intermediate in their histologic and prognostic features between the benign cystadenomas and clearly malignant carcinomas.
  • To diagnose the intraepithelial carcinoma, to detect the microinvasion and the expansive invasion in a mucinous borderline tumor, to differentiate from the metastasis of colorectal tumors may be very problematic in the majority of the cases.
  • Eleven cases diagnosed as mucinous borderline ovarian tumor in our institute from 2000 to 2008 were reviewed.
  • We discuss all of these problems according to the latest literature and our experience, mentioning the problems of the peritoneal and ovarian pseudomyxomas.
  • [MeSH-major] Adenocarcinoma, Mucinous / diagnosis. Biomarkers, Tumor / analysis. Ovarian Neoplasms / diagnosis
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Aged. CA-125 Antigen / analysis. Diagnosis, Differential. Female. GPI-Linked Proteins. Homeodomain Proteins / analysis. Humans. Keratin-20 / analysis. Keratin-7 / analysis. Membrane Glycoproteins / analysis. Middle Aged. Neoplasm Invasiveness. Prognosis. Receptors, Estrogen / analysis. Receptors, Progesterone / analysis

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  • (PMID = 19581178.001).
  • [ISSN] 0025-0244
  • [Journal-full-title] Magyar onkologia
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Magy Onkol
  • [Language] hun
  • [Publication-type] English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Hungary
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Biomarkers, Tumor; 0 / CA-125 Antigen; 0 / CDX2 protein, human; 0 / GPI-Linked Proteins; 0 / Homeodomain Proteins; 0 / Keratin-20; 0 / Keratin-7; 0 / Membrane Glycoproteins; 0 / Receptors, Estrogen; 0 / Receptors, Progesterone; 0 / mesothelin
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67. Kikkawa F, Nawa A, Kajiyama H, Shibata K, Ino K, Nomura S: Clinical characteristics and prognosis of mucinous tumors of the ovary. Gynecol Oncol; 2006 Oct;103(1):171-5
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  • [Title] Clinical characteristics and prognosis of mucinous tumors of the ovary.
  • OBJECTIVE: Ovarian mucinous tumors consist of benign, borderline, and carcinomatous tumor, but the clinical characteristics of these 3 types have not been investigated in detail.
  • In this study, we compared the clinical characteristics and prognosis among these 3 types of mucinous tumors.
  • METHODS: One hundred sixty-one patients with mucinous cystadenocarcinoma and 143 patients with mucinous borderline tumor were registered between 1986 and 2003.
  • Patients with mucinous carcinoma staged Ib or more were treated postoperatively with 6 cycles of platinum-based chemotherapy.
  • RESULTS: Mean patient ages were 43.9, 44.7, and 49.7 years in patients with benign, borderline, carcinomatous tumor, respectively.
  • The ratio of early stage (I, II) to advanced stage (III, IV) was significantly lower in carcinoma than in borderline tumor.
  • The levels of tumor markers tended to increase with the level of malignancy.
  • In borderline tumor, 5 patients died of disease, and all of these patients had stage III disease with residual tumor after the initial surgery.
  • Patients with borderline tumor showed significantly better prognosis than those with carcinoma; however, there were no significant differences in prognosis between borderline tumor and carcinoma in patients with stage III tumor or residual tumor.
  • CONCLUSIONS: In mucinous tumors, measurement of CA72-4 is recommended to distinguish malignant from benign tumors.
  • Even in borderline tumor, patients with residual tumor showed a poorer prognosis than carcinoma, suggesting that complete resection is necessary for a good prognosis.
  • [MeSH-major] Adenocarcinoma, Mucinous / pathology. Ovarian Neoplasms / pathology
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Aged. Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols / therapeutic use. Biomarkers, Tumor / blood. Carboplatin / administration & dosage. Female. Humans. Middle Aged. Neoplasm Staging. Paclitaxel / administration & dosage. Prognosis

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  • (PMID = 16546243.001).
  • [ISSN] 0090-8258
  • [Journal-full-title] Gynecologic oncology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Gynecol. Oncol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Biomarkers, Tumor; BG3F62OND5 / Carboplatin; P88XT4IS4D / Paclitaxel
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68. Lee JH, Zhang X, Shin BK, Lee ES, Kim I: Mac-2 binding protein and galectin-3 expression in mucinous tumours of the ovary: an annealing control primer system and immunohistochemical study. Pathology; 2009;41(3):229-33
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  • [Title] Mac-2 binding protein and galectin-3 expression in mucinous tumours of the ovary: an annealing control primer system and immunohistochemical study.
  • AIM: We used a new differential display method, the annealing control primer (ACP) system, to analyse the differentially expressed genes in mucinous ovarian tumours.
  • METHODS AND RESULTS: The ACP-based reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction revealed that 21 genes were upregulated in the mucinous ovarian adenoma and 14 genes were upregulated in the mucinous ovarian carcinoma.
  • Among them, we selected one upregulated gene, the Mac-2 binding protein (Mac-2 BP), and verified the expression of the Mac-2 BP and its ligand, galectin-3, in a variety of epithelial ovarian tumours by immunohistochemistry.
  • Positive expression of the Mac-2 BP was significantly higher in the mucinous ovarian tumours compared to the other epithelial tumours.
  • Mac-2 BP expression was significantly increased in the borderline and malignant tumours compared to the benign tumours.
  • Galectin-3 expression was more frequent in clear cell carcinomas, serous tumours and mucinous tumours than in endometrioid and transitional tumours.
  • However, there were no differences in galectin-3 expression in comparisons among benign, borderline and malignant mucinous and serous tumours.
  • CONCLUSION: These data indicate that the Mac-2 BP may play a role in the development and progression of mucinous ovarian tumours.
  • [MeSH-major] Antigens, Neoplasm / biosynthesis. Cystadenocarcinoma, Mucinous / metabolism. DNA Primers. Galectin 3 / biosynthesis. Gene Expression Profiling / methods. Membrane Glycoproteins / biosynthesis. Ovarian Neoplasms / metabolism
  • [MeSH-minor] Biomarkers, Tumor / analysis. Biomarkers, Tumor / genetics. Female. Gene Expression. Humans. Immunohistochemistry. Reverse Transcriptase Polymerase Chain Reaction / methods. Tissue Array Analysis

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  • (PMID = 19291534.001).
  • [ISSN] 1465-3931
  • [Journal-full-title] Pathology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Pathology
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Antigens, Neoplasm; 0 / Biomarkers, Tumor; 0 / DNA Primers; 0 / Galectin 3; 0 / Membrane Glycoproteins; 0 / TAA90K protein, human
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69. Byrne JA, Maleki S, Hardy JR, Gloss BS, Murali R, Scurry JP, Fanayan S, Emmanuel C, Hacker NF, Sutherland RL, Defazio A, O'Brien PM: MAL2 and tumor protein D52 (TPD52) are frequently overexpressed in ovarian carcinoma, but differentially associated with histological subtype and patient outcome. BMC Cancer; 2010;10:497
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  • [Title] MAL2 and tumor protein D52 (TPD52) are frequently overexpressed in ovarian carcinoma, but differentially associated with histological subtype and patient outcome.
  • Independent expression microarray studies predict MAL2 overexpression in ovarian carcinoma, but these had remained unconfirmed.
  • MAL2 binds tumor protein D52 (TPD52), which is frequently overexpressed in ovarian carcinoma, but the clinical significance of MAL2 and TPD52 overexpression was unknown.
  • METHODS: Immunohistochemical analyses of MAL2 and TPD52 expression were performed using tissue microarray sections including benign, borderline and malignant epithelial ovarian tumours.
  • MAL2 expression was not related to patient survival, however high-level TPD52 staining was significantly associated with improved overall survival in patients with stage III serous ovarian carcinoma (log-rank test, p < 0.001; n = 124) and was an independent predictor of survival in the overall carcinoma cohort (hazard ratio (HR), 0.498; 95% confidence interval (CI), 0.34-0.728; p < 0.001; n = 221), and in serous carcinomas (HR, 0.440; 95% CI, 0.294-0.658; p < 0.001; n = 182).
  • CONCLUSIONS: MAL2 is frequently overexpressed in ovarian carcinoma, and TPD52 overexpression is a favourable independent prognostic marker of potential value in the management of ovarian carcinoma patients.
  • [MeSH-major] Adenocarcinoma, Clear Cell / metabolism. Adenocarcinoma, Mucinous / metabolism. Cystadenocarcinoma, Serous / metabolism. Endometrial Neoplasms / metabolism. Neoplasm Proteins / metabolism. Ovarian Neoplasms / metabolism. Proteolipids / metabolism. Vesicular Transport Proteins / metabolism
  • [MeSH-minor] Biomarkers, Tumor / metabolism. Cohort Studies. Female. Humans. Immunoenzyme Techniques. Middle Aged. Myelin and Lymphocyte-Associated Proteolipid Proteins. Neoplasm Staging. Neoplasm, Residual / metabolism. Neoplasm, Residual / pathology. Prognosis. Survival Rate. Tissue Array Analysis

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  • (PMID = 20846453.001).
  • [ISSN] 1471-2407
  • [Journal-full-title] BMC cancer
  • [ISO-abbreviation] BMC Cancer
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Biomarkers, Tumor; 0 / MAL2 protein, human; 0 / Myelin and Lymphocyte-Associated Proteolipid Proteins; 0 / Neoplasm Proteins; 0 / Proteolipids; 0 / TPD52 protein, human; 0 / Vesicular Transport Proteins
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC2949808
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70. Karaman A, Azili MN, Boduroğlu EC, Karaman I, Erdoğan D, Cavuşoğlu YH, Aslan MK, Cakmak O: A huge ovarian mucinous cystadenoma in a 14-year-old premenarchal girl: review on ovarian mucinous tumor in premenarchal girls. J Pediatr Adolesc Gynecol; 2008 Feb;21(1):41-4
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  • [Title] A huge ovarian mucinous cystadenoma in a 14-year-old premenarchal girl: review on ovarian mucinous tumor in premenarchal girls.
  • Superficial epithelial ovarian tumors are unusual in adolescent girls (when compared with adult women) and extremely rare before menarche.
  • Mucinous cystadenoma (MCA) in children that is a rare form of epithelial tumor is a benign cystic ovarian neoplasm.
  • To our knowledge, there are only eight cases of mucinous cystadenoma, three of borderline mucinous cystadenoma, and three of mucinous cystadenocarcinoma reported in the English-language literature.
  • We present a 14-year-old premenarchal girl with a giant ovarian mucinous cystadenoma.
  • This review is supported by the finding that epithelial ovarian neoplasms are extremely rare prior to puberty and that only 14 mucinous tumors have been reported prior to menarche.
  • [MeSH-major] Cystadenoma, Mucinous / pathology. Ovarian Neoplasms / pathology

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  • (PMID = 18312801.001).
  • [ISSN] 1083-3188
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of pediatric and adolescent gynecology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Pediatr Adolesc Gynecol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Number-of-references] 12
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71. McKenney JK, Soslow RA, Longacre TA: Ovarian mature teratomas with mucinous epithelial neoplasms: morphologic heterogeneity and association with pseudomyxoma peritonei. Am J Surg Pathol; 2008 May;32(5):645-55
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  • [Title] Ovarian mature teratomas with mucinous epithelial neoplasms: morphologic heterogeneity and association with pseudomyxoma peritonei.
  • Mucinous epithelial neoplasms arising in association with mature teratomas are a heterogeneous group of tumors, but with the exception of a single recent study, their full histologic spectrum, detailed immunophenotype, and association with classic pseudomyxoma peritonei (PMP) have not been fully studied.
  • The morphologic, immunohistochemical, and clinical features of 42 patients with mucinous epithelial tumors arising in association with mature ovarian teratomas were evaluated.
  • Tumor size ranged from 5.5 to greater than 200 cm.
  • Most teratoma-associated mucinous tumors were unilateral, although 1 patient harbored bilateral mucinous tumors in association with bilateral teratomas.
  • Using the 2003 World Health Organization criteria for ovarian intestinal type mucinous neoplasms, 17 (40%) were classified as mucinous cystadenoma, 16 (38%) as intestinal-type mucinous epithelial neoplasm of low malignant potential (IM-LMP), 4 (10%) as intraepithelial carcinoma (IEC), and 5 (12%) as invasive mucinous carcinoma.
  • Mucinous cystadenomas had a varied epithelial lining consisting of lower gastroenteric, gastric foveolar, or müllerian appearance.
  • For mucinous cystadenomas, a cytokeratin (CK) 7+/CK20- phenotype (5/13; 38%) was equally as common as a CK7-/CK20+ phenotype (5/13; 38%), with the remaining cases coexpressing both keratins (CK7+/CK20+: 3/13; 23%).
  • Pathologic evaluation of the peritoneum in these 12 cases revealed 6 with acellular mucin alone, 3 with low-grade mucinous epithelium (all 3 with ovarian IM-LMP), and 3 with high-grade mucinous carcinomatosis (all 3 with ovarian mucinous adenocarcinoma).
  • The only adverse outcomes occurred in the 3 patients with ovarian carcinoma and associated peritoneal carcinomatosis.
  • We report that a significant proportion of mucinous tumors associated with mature ovarian teratomas present with clinical PMP, which in most cases is associated with IM-LMP.
  • PMP in this setting may harbor microscopic intra-abdominal low-grade mucinous epithelium that is histologically and immunophenotypically similar to that typically seen in appendiceal-related PMP.
  • Ovarian teratoma-associated benign and IM-LMP mucinous neoplasms with microscopic peritoneal low-grade mucinous epithelium do not seem to be at significant risk for intra-abdominal recurrence, but numbers are few and follow-up is limited.
  • [MeSH-major] Adenocarcinoma, Mucinous / pathology. Ovarian Neoplasms / pathology. Peritoneal Neoplasms / pathology. Pseudomyxoma Peritonei / pathology. Teratoma / pathology
  • [MeSH-minor] Adolescent. Adult. Aged. Biomarkers, Tumor / metabolism. Female. Humans. Middle Aged. Mucins / metabolism. Neoplasms, Multiple Primary


72. Okuma E, Ohishi Y, Oda Y, Aishima S, Kurihara S, Nishimura I, Yasunaga M, Kobayashi H, Wake N, Tsuneyoshi M: Cytoplasmic and stromal expression of laminin γ 2 chain correlates with infiltrative invasion in ovarian mucinous neoplasms of gastro-intestinal type. Oncol Rep; 2010 Dec;24(6):1569-76
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  • [Title] Cytoplasmic and stromal expression of laminin γ 2 chain correlates with infiltrative invasion in ovarian mucinous neoplasms of gastro-intestinal type.
  • Ovarian mucinous neoplasms of gastro-intestinal type (GI-type) are known to be a heterogeneous tumor composed of benign, borderline and non-invasive and invasive malignant lesions.
  • The presence of infiltrative invasion is also known to be an important prognostic factor of this neoplasm.
  • Laminin γ 2 chain, known to stimulate tumor cell invasion and migration, has not been sufficiently investigated in ovarian mucinous neoplasms.
  • The purpose of this study was thus to clarify the role of laminin γ 2 in ovarian mucinous neoplasms of GI-type.
  • We selected each morphological phase of tumor development from 61 cases of mucinous neoplasms of the GI-type: 55 adenoma lesions, 60 borderline lesions, 20 microinvasive lesions, 17 intraepithelial carcinoma lesions, 38 expansile invasive carcinoma lesions, 19 infiltrative invasive carcinoma lesions and 5 mural nodules lesions; and evaluated the localization of laminin γ 2 in the lesions using immunohistochemical method.
  • The infiltrative invasion of GI-type ovarian mucinous neoplasms may be promoted by cytoplasmic and/or stromal expression of laminin γ 2 chain.
  • [MeSH-major] Adenocarcinoma, Mucinous / pathology. Gastrointestinal Neoplasms / pathology. Laminin / metabolism. Neoplasm Staging / methods. Ovarian Neoplasms / secondary
  • [MeSH-minor] Biomarkers, Tumor / analysis. Biomarkers, Tumor / metabolism. Cohort Studies. Cytoplasm / metabolism. Disease Progression. Female. Humans. Models, Biological. Neoplasm Invasiveness. Prognosis. Stromal Cells / metabolism. Stromal Cells / pathology

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  • (PMID = 21042753.001).
  • [ISSN] 1791-2431
  • [Journal-full-title] Oncology reports
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Oncol. Rep.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Greece
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Biomarkers, Tumor; 0 / LAMC2 protein, human; 0 / Laminin
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73. Bar JK, Słomska I, Rabczyńki J, Noga L, Gryboś M: Expression of p53 protein phosphorylated at serine 20 and serine 392 in malignant and benign ovarian neoplasms: correlation with clinicopathological parameters of tumors. Int J Gynecol Cancer; 2009 Nov;19(8):1322-8
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  • [Title] Expression of p53 protein phosphorylated at serine 20 and serine 392 in malignant and benign ovarian neoplasms: correlation with clinicopathological parameters of tumors.
  • The study investigated the expression of p53 protein phosphorylated at serine 20 (Ser20) and Ser392 and the association between clinicopathological parameters of ovarian neoplasms with respect to p53 protein overexpression.
  • METHODS: p53 protein expression was evaluated on tissues from malignant and benign ovarian tumors.
  • RESULTS: The correlation between p53 protein overexpression and p53-Ser392 phosphorylation was found in ovarian carcinomas (P = 0.001, r = +0.27).
  • In the total group of ovarian carcinomas, significant differences were observed in p53 protein overexpression between well (G1) and poor (G3) tumor grades (P = 0.005) and between serous and endometrioid types of tumor (P = 0.04), whereas p53-Ser20 phosphorylation was associated with advanced International Federation of Gynecology and Obstetrics stage (P = 0.004) and high tumor grade (P = 0.02).
  • In p53-positive ovarian carcinomas, p53-Ser392 phosphorylation was associated with advanced tumor stage (P = 0.02) and high tumor grade (P = 0.049).
  • p53-Ser20 phosphorylation was associated with low tumor grade of p53-positive ovarian carcinomas (P = 0.02) and with high tumor grade of p53-negative ovarian carcinomas (P = 0.02).
  • CONCLUSIONS: These results revealed that p53 phosphorylation at Ser20 and Ser392 is an early event in ovarian tumor development.
  • The authors suggest that the expression of p53 protein phosphorylated at Ser20 and Ser392 in ovarian carcinomas determines their individual clinical features depending on p53 protein status and may be useful biological biomarkers characterizing their behavior.
  • [MeSH-major] Adenocarcinoma, Mucinous / metabolism. Cystadenocarcinoma, Serous / metabolism. Endometrial Neoplasms / metabolism. Neoplasms / metabolism. Ovarian Neoplasms / metabolism. Serine / metabolism. Tumor Suppressor Protein p53 / metabolism
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Aged. Female. Humans. Immunoenzyme Techniques. Middle Aged. Neoplasm Staging. Phosphorylation. Prognosis. Young Adult


74. Shibata K, Kajiyama H, Mizokami Y, Ino K, Nomura S, Mizutani S, Terauchi M, Kikkawa F: Placental leucine aminopeptidase (P-LAP) and glucose transporter 4 (GLUT4) expression in benign, borderline, and malignant ovarian epithelia. Gynecol Oncol; 2005 Jul;98(1):11-8
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  • [Title] Placental leucine aminopeptidase (P-LAP) and glucose transporter 4 (GLUT4) expression in benign, borderline, and malignant ovarian epithelia.
  • The authors evaluated P-LAP and GLUT4 expression in benign, borderline, and malignant ovarian epithelia.
  • METHODS: Histologic sections of formalin-fixed, paraffin-embedded specimens from 11 patients with benign serous or mucinous cystadenomas, 14 patients with serous or mucinous borderline tumors, and 80 patients with epithelial-ovarian adenocarcinomas (29 serous, 17 endometrioid, 14 mucinous, and 20 clear cell adenocarcinomas) were stained for P-LAP and GLUT4 using each polyclonal antibody.
  • Expressions of P-LAP and GLUT-4 in ovarian cancer cells were detected by Western blotting.
  • RESULTS: P-LAP immunoreactivity was detected in 2 of 11 benign cystadenomas.
  • None of the 11 benign ovarian tumors showed any immunoreactivity for GLUT4.
  • P-LAP was expressed in 23 of 29 in serous, 15 of 17 endometrioid, 13 of 14 mucinous, and all clear-cell adenocarcinomas.
  • GLUT4 was expressed in 13 of 29 serous, 13 of 17 endometrioid, 13 of 14 mucinous, and 18 of 20 clear-cell adenocarcinomas.
  • CONCLUSIONS: P-LAP and GLUT4 are available not only for the evaluation of ovarian epithelial malignancy, but also as targets for molecular therapy.
  • Further study to investigate the roles of P-LAP and GLUT4 in ovarian carcinoma is needed.
  • [MeSH-major] Cystinyl Aminopeptidase / biosynthesis. Monosaccharide Transport Proteins / biosynthesis. Muscle Proteins / biosynthesis. Ovarian Neoplasms / metabolism
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Aged. Aged, 80 and over. Cell Growth Processes / physiology. Cell Line, Tumor. Epithelium / enzymology. Epithelium / metabolism. Female. Glucose Transporter Type 4. Humans. Middle Aged. Neoplasm Invasiveness. Ovarian Diseases / enzymology. Ovarian Diseases / metabolism. Ovarian Diseases / pathology. Transfection

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  • (PMID = 15907336.001).
  • [ISSN] 0090-8258
  • [Journal-full-title] Gynecologic oncology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Gynecol. Oncol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Glucose Transporter Type 4; 0 / Monosaccharide Transport Proteins; 0 / Muscle Proteins; 0 / SLC2A4 protein, human; EC 3.4.11.3 / Cystinyl Aminopeptidase; EC 3.4.11.3 / leucyl-cystinyl aminopeptidase
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75. Staats PN, Coutts MA, Young RH: Primary ovarian mucinous cystic tumor with prominent theca cell proliferation and focal granulosa cell tumor in its stroma: case report, literature review, and comparison with Sertoli-Leydig cell tumor with heterologous elements. Int J Gynecol Pathol; 2010 May;29(3):228-33
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  • [Title] Primary ovarian mucinous cystic tumor with prominent theca cell proliferation and focal granulosa cell tumor in its stroma: case report, literature review, and comparison with Sertoli-Leydig cell tumor with heterologous elements.
  • A 73-year-old woman was found to have a 22 cm unilateral multilocular mucinous cystic tumor of the ovary.
  • Microscopic examination showed a routine appearance of the epithelial component, which ranged from benign to borderline to low-grade carcinoma.
  • The stromal component was unusual because of a striking cellular theca cell component in the stroma, which, in turn, merged with a component of adult granulosa cell tumor.
  • The "parent" neoplasm in this case and 3 other similar cases in the literature appears to be the mucinous neoplasm, in contrast with the other example of mucinous neoplasia associated with sex cord neoplasia, the Sertoli-Leydig cell tumor with heterologous elements, in which the "parent" neoplasm is likely the Sertoli-Leydig cell tumor.
  • [MeSH-major] Adenocarcinoma, Mucinous / pathology. Granulosa Cell Tumor / pathology. Ovarian Neoplasms / pathology. Sertoli-Leydig Cell Tumor / pathology. Thecoma / pathology

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  • (PMID = 20407320.001).
  • [ISSN] 1538-7151
  • [Journal-full-title] International journal of gynecological pathology : official journal of the International Society of Gynecological Pathologists
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Int. J. Gynecol. Pathol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Comparative Study; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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76. Ma L, Liu FR, Zhang SL: [Detection of circulating hypermethylated tumor-specific RASSF1A DNA in ovarian cancer patients]. Zhonghua Bing Li Xue Za Zhi; 2005 Dec;34(12):785-7
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  • [Title] [Detection of circulating hypermethylated tumor-specific RASSF1A DNA in ovarian cancer patients].
  • OBJECTIVE: To detect hypermethylated tumor-specific RASSF1A DNA in the circulation and its significance in ovarian cancers patients.
  • METHODS: Methylation-specific polymerase chain reaction (MSP) was used to study the hypermethylation of RASSF1A in preoperative serum samples from 51 ovarian cancer patients.
  • RESULTS: The RASSF1A gene was not methylated in peripheral blood samples from 51 normal patients and 51 patients with benign ovarian tumors.
  • Hypermethylation of RASSF1A gene was found in circulating tumor-specific DNA in 43.1% of patients (22 out of 51 cases) with ovarian cancers (P < 0.05).
  • There was no difference in hypermethylation of RASSF1A gene amongst various ovarian cancer subtypes (P < 0.05).
  • CONCLUSIONS: There is a higher frequency of RASSF1A hypermethylation in circulating tumor-specific DNA of ovarian cancer patients.
  • RASSF1A has been postulated to play an important role as tumor suppressor gene and can be silenced by promoter hypermethylation.
  • Such observation may carry diagnostic and prognostic implications when assessing ovarian tumors.
  • [MeSH-major] DNA Methylation. Ovarian Neoplasms / blood. Tumor Suppressor Proteins / blood
  • [MeSH-minor] Carcinoma, Endometrioid / blood. Carcinoma, Endometrioid / pathology. Cystadenocarcinoma, Mucinous / blood. Cystadenocarcinoma, Mucinous / pathology. Cystadenocarcinoma, Serous / blood. Cystadenocarcinoma, Serous / pathology. Female. Humans. Neoplasm Staging

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  • (PMID = 16545186.001).
  • [ISSN] 0529-5807
  • [Journal-full-title] Zhonghua bing li xue za zhi = Chinese journal of pathology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Zhonghua Bing Li Xue Za Zhi
  • [Language] chi
  • [Publication-type] English Abstract; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] China
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / RASSF1 protein, human; 0 / Tumor Suppressor Proteins
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77. Kurman RJ, Shih IeM: The origin and pathogenesis of epithelial ovarian cancer: a proposed unifying theory. Am J Surg Pathol; 2010 Mar;34(3):433-43
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  • [Title] The origin and pathogenesis of epithelial ovarian cancer: a proposed unifying theory.
  • Ovarian cancer is the most lethal gynecologic malignancy.
  • Efforts at early detection and new therapeutic approaches to reduce mortality have been largely unsuccessful, because the origin and pathogenesis of epithelial ovarian cancer are poorly understood.
  • This has led to the proposal that ovarian cancer develops de novo.
  • Studies have shown that epithelial ovarian cancer is not a single disease but is composed of a diverse group of tumors that can be classified based on distinctive morphologic and molecular genetic features.
  • One group of tumors, designated type I, is composed of low-grade serous, low-grade endometrioid, clear cell, mucinous and transitional (Brenner) carcinomas.
  • Moreover, the carcinomas exhibit a shared lineage with the corresponding benign cystic neoplasm, often through an intermediate (borderline tumor) step, supporting the morphologic continuum of tumor progression.
  • Recent studies have also provided cogent evidence that what have been traditionally thought to be primary ovarian tumors actually originate in other pelvic organs and involve the ovary secondarily.
  • Thus, it has been proposed that serous tumors arise from the implantation of epithelium (benign or malignant) from the fallopian tube.
  • As it is generally accepted that endometriosis develops from endometrial tissue by retrograde menstruation, it is reasonable to assume that the endometrium is the source of these ovarian neoplasms.
  • Finally, preliminary data suggest that mucinous and transitional (Brenner) tumors arise from transitional-type epithelial nests at the tubal-mesothelial junction by a process of metaplasia.


78. Ye F, Li Y, Hu Y, Zhou C, Hu Y, Chen H: Stage-specific embryonic antigen 4 expression in epithelial ovarian carcinoma. Int J Gynecol Cancer; 2010 Aug;20(6):958-64
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  • [Title] Stage-specific embryonic antigen 4 expression in epithelial ovarian carcinoma.
  • METHODS: In this study, we investigated the expression of SSEA-4 in 479 cases of various degrees of ovarian epithelial lesions by immunohistochemistry, consisting of 45 normal ovarian epithelia, 110 benign serous ovarian cystadenomas, 68 borderline serous ovarian cystadenomas, 104 invasive serous ovarian carcinomas, 64 benign serous mucinous cystadenomas, 48 borderline mucinous ovarian cystadenomas, and 40 invasive mucinous carcinomas.
  • RESULTS: The expression of SSEA-4 was found to be increased from normal epithelium to benign cystadenoma and to borderline cystadenoma and adenocarcinoma in both serous and mucinous group.
  • The loss or reduction of the expression of SSEA-4 was significantly correlated with more advanced tumor stage and poorer tumor cell differentiation.
  • CONCLUSIONS: We therefore proposed that SSEA-4 may play a role during the oncogenesis of epithelial ovarian carcinoma and posses a tumor suppressor effect during malignancy promotion.
  • It could be a potential therapy target in patients with epithelial ovarian carcinoma.
  • [MeSH-major] Biomarkers, Tumor / metabolism. Carcinoma / immunology. Carcinoma / pathology. Ovarian Neoplasms / immunology. Ovarian Neoplasms / pathology. Stage-Specific Embryonic Antigens / metabolism
  • [MeSH-minor] Adenocarcinoma, Mucinous / metabolism. Adenocarcinoma, Mucinous / pathology. Adult. Aged. Biopsy, Needle. Cohort Studies. Cystadenocarcinoma, Serous / metabolism. Cystadenocarcinoma, Serous / pathology. Cystadenoma, Mucinous / metabolism. Cystadenoma, Mucinous / pathology. Cystadenoma, Serous / metabolism. Cystadenoma, Serous / pathology. Disease Progression. Female. Humans. Immunohistochemistry. Middle Aged. Neoplasm Staging. Prognosis. Reference Values. Sensitivity and Specificity. Statistics, Nonparametric. Tissue Embedding

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  • (PMID = 20683402.001).
  • [ISSN] 1525-1438
  • [Journal-full-title] International journal of gynecological cancer : official journal of the International Gynecological Cancer Society
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Int. J. Gynecol. Cancer
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Comparative Study; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Biomarkers, Tumor; 0 / Stage-Specific Embryonic Antigens; 0 / stage-specific embryonic antigen-4
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79. Basic-Jukic N, Furic-Cunko V, Coric M, Bubic-Filipi LJ, Kastelan Z, Pasini J, Kes P: Appendiceal carcinoid and mucinous cystadenoma in renal transplant recipients: case reports. Transplant Proc; 2010 Jun;42(5):1704-7
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  • [Title] Appendiceal carcinoid and mucinous cystadenoma in renal transplant recipients: case reports.
  • Although appendiceal carcinoid tumors are the commonest malignant neoplasms affecting the appendix, and mucinous cystadenoma is the commonest benign appendiceal neoplasm, they have not been reported in immunosuppressed patients.
  • We present two renal transplant recipients who developed combined appendiceal carcinoid and mucinous cystadenoma.
  • [MeSH-major] Appendiceal Neoplasms / etiology. Cystadenoma, Mucinous / etiology. Kidney Transplantation / adverse effects
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Female. Humans. Kidney Failure, Chronic / surgery. Magnetic Resonance Imaging. Male. Neoplasms / epidemiology. Neoplasms / etiology. Neoplasms / pathology. Neoplasms / surgery. Ovarian Neoplasms / pathology. Ovarian Neoplasms / surgery

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  • (PMID = 20620505.001).
  • [ISSN] 1873-2623
  • [Journal-full-title] Transplantation proceedings
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Transplant. Proc.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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80. Ahmed Z, Aftab K, Kayani N: Ovarian primary neuroendocrine carcinoma of non-small cell type: report of an extremely rare neoplasm. J Pak Med Assoc; 2005 Feb;55(2):82-4
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  • [Title] Ovarian primary neuroendocrine carcinoma of non-small cell type: report of an extremely rare neoplasm.
  • Paraffin block sections of a uterus and ovarian mass from a 31 year old female were sent for second opinion to the Pathology Laboratory of Aga Khan University.
  • Histologic examination and immunohistochemical features gave a diagnosis of primary neuroendocrine carcinoma of non-small cell type admixed with benign mucinous cystadenoma.
  • [MeSH-major] Carcinoma, Neuroendocrine / pathology. Cystadenoma, Mucinous / pathology. Ovarian Neoplasms / pathology

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  • (PMID = 15813637.001).
  • [ISSN] 0030-9982
  • [Journal-full-title] JPMA. The Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Pak Med Assoc
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Pakistan
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81. Pylväs M, Puistola U, Kauppila S, Soini Y, Karihtala P: Oxidative stress-induced antioxidant enzyme expression is an early phenomenon in ovarian carcinogenesis. Eur J Cancer; 2010 Jun;46(9):1661-7
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  • [Title] Oxidative stress-induced antioxidant enzyme expression is an early phenomenon in ovarian carcinogenesis.
  • However, there is only some information about their role in ovarian carcinogenesis or in ovarian carcinomas in vivo.
  • We studied immunohistochemical nuclear and/or cytoplasmic expression of oxidative stress markers 8-hydroxydeoxyguanosine (8-OHdG) and nitrotyrosine, as well as major antioxidative enzymes peroxiredoxins (PRDX) I-VI and thioredoxin (TXN) in ovarian tumours.
  • The material consisted of 20 benign (10 serous, 10 mucinous) and 51 borderline (33 serous, 18 mucinous) epithelial ovarian tumours.
  • The markers of oxidative stress, 8-OHdG and nitrotyrosine, were seen already in benign tumours (in 20% and 45% of the tumours, respectively) and their expression patterns were similar in benign and borderline tumours.
  • The levels of PRDX II, III, IV, V and VI were significantly higher in borderline than in benign tumours (p<0.02 for all).
  • Specifically for PRDX II (for both nuclear and cytoplasmic expression, p<0.00005) and PRDX VI (for cytoplasmic expression, p=0.0003 and for nuclear expression, p=0.0005) the difference between benign and borderline tumours was remarkable.
  • In general, serous benign and borderline tumours expressed higher antioxidant enzyme levels than mucinous ones.
  • Nuclear TXN was expressed more strongly in benign than in borderline tumours (p=0.003).
  • Oxidative stress occurs already in benign ovarian tumours and the levels are comparable to borderline tumours.
  • However, some of the antioxidant enzymes, especially PRDX II and VI, are more profoundly induced in borderline ovarian tumours, reflecting their possible role as cancer preventers.
  • This difference could also offer a potential tool for differential diagnosis between benign and borderline epithelial ovarian tumours.
  • [MeSH-major] Antioxidants / metabolism. Neoplasm Proteins / metabolism. Ovarian Neoplasms / enzymology. Oxidative Stress / physiology
  • [MeSH-minor] Adenocarcinoma, Mucinous / enzymology. Biomarkers, Tumor / metabolism. Deoxyguanosine / analogs & derivatives. Deoxyguanosine / metabolism. Female. Humans. Immunohistochemistry. Peroxiredoxins / metabolism. Reactive Oxygen Species / metabolism. Thioredoxins / metabolism. Tyrosine / analogs & derivatives. Tyrosine / metabolism

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  • [Copyright] Copyright 2010 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
  • (PMID = 20206498.001).
  • [ISSN] 1879-0852
  • [Journal-full-title] European journal of cancer (Oxford, England : 1990)
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Eur. J. Cancer
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Antioxidants; 0 / Biomarkers, Tumor; 0 / Neoplasm Proteins; 0 / Reactive Oxygen Species; 3604-79-3 / 3-nitrotyrosine; 42HK56048U / Tyrosine; 52500-60-4 / Thioredoxins; 88847-89-6 / 8-oxo-7-hydrodeoxyguanosine; EC 1.11.1.15 / Peroxiredoxins; G9481N71RO / Deoxyguanosine
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82. Grisaru-Granovsky S, Salah Z, Maoz M, Pruss D, Beller U, Bar-Shavit R: Differential expression of protease activated receptor 1 (Par1) and pY397FAK in benign and malignant human ovarian tissue samples. Int J Cancer; 2005 Jan 20;113(3):372-8
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  • [Title] Differential expression of protease activated receptor 1 (Par1) and pY397FAK in benign and malignant human ovarian tissue samples.
  • Although proteases in general have been implicated in the remodeling of the extracellular tumor microenvironment, the role of cell surface receptors activated by proteolysis is now emerging.
  • In our present study we investigated the expression pattern of protease activated receptor 1 hPar1 in ovarian carcinoma tissue samples.
  • In contrast, no hPar1 expression was detected on the cell surface of normal ovarian epithelium.
  • In early stages of ovarian carcinoma (Ia), the contra lateral normal ovary showed strong PAR1 expression as opposed to the lack of expression in the ovarian epithelium obtained from normal individuals.
  • Phosphorylated FAK was seen in invasive ovarian carcinoma, but not in the normal ovarian epithelium.
  • The abundant hPar1 levels in pathological malignant ovarian carcinoma is likely to transmit signals leading to the phosphorylation of FAK and thereby alterations in the integrin functional state.
  • Altogether our data suggest that hPar1 and FAK cooperate to promote ovarian cancer malignancy.
  • [MeSH-major] Ovarian Neoplasms / metabolism. Receptor, PAR-1 / metabolism
  • [MeSH-minor] Adenocarcinoma, Clear Cell / genetics. Adenocarcinoma, Clear Cell / metabolism. Adenocarcinoma, Clear Cell / pathology. Adenocarcinoma, Mucinous / genetics. Adenocarcinoma, Mucinous / metabolism. Adenocarcinoma, Mucinous / pathology. Carcinoma, Endometrioid / genetics. Carcinoma, Endometrioid / metabolism. Carcinoma, Endometrioid / pathology. Cystadenocarcinoma, Serous / genetics. Cystadenocarcinoma, Serous / metabolism. Cystadenocarcinoma, Serous / pathology. Epithelium / metabolism. Epithelium / pathology. Female. Focal Adhesion Kinase 1. Focal Adhesion Protein-Tyrosine Kinases. Gene Expression Regulation, Neoplastic. Humans. Immunoenzyme Techniques. In Situ Hybridization. Integrins / genetics. Integrins / metabolism. Neoplasm Invasiveness / pathology. Ovary / metabolism. Ovary / pathology. Phosphorylation. Protein-Tyrosine Kinases / genetics. Protein-Tyrosine Kinases / metabolism. RNA, Messenger / genetics. RNA, Messenger / metabolism. Receptors, Vitronectin / genetics. Receptors, Vitronectin / metabolism. Reverse Transcriptase Polymerase Chain Reaction

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  • (PMID = 15455382.001).
  • [ISSN] 0020-7136
  • [Journal-full-title] International journal of cancer
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Int. J. Cancer
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Integrins; 0 / RNA, Messenger; 0 / Receptor, PAR-1; 0 / Receptors, Vitronectin; 0 / integrin alphaVbeta5; EC 2.7.10.1 / Protein-Tyrosine Kinases; EC 2.7.10.2 / Focal Adhesion Kinase 1; EC 2.7.10.2 / Focal Adhesion Protein-Tyrosine Kinases; EC 2.7.10.2 / PTK2 protein, human
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83. Zhang WY, Pan Y, Zhu LR, Zhang JZ, Zhang M, Feng K, Zhou L, Yu L, Zhang XM, Ng SW: [Expression of topoisomerase III alpha in epithelial ovarian tumors of different types and relation between the expression of topoisomerase III alpha and the clinical pathology of tumor]. Zhonghua Yi Xue Za Zhi; 2005 Nov 9;85(42):2988-91
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  • [Title] [Expression of topoisomerase III alpha in epithelial ovarian tumors of different types and relation between the expression of topoisomerase III alpha and the clinical pathology of tumor].
  • OBJECTIVE: To investigate the expression status of topoisomerase IIIa in epithelial ovarian tumor and the relationship between the expression status of topoisomerase IIIa and pathological type and clinical stage of epithelial ovarian carcinoma.
  • METHODS: Immunohistochemistry was carried out in the samples of ovarian tumor obtained during operation from 169 patients, aged 28 approximately 59, 18 cases with serous cystadenoma, 30 cases with serous borderline cystadenoma, 37 serous cystadenocarcinoma, 10 cases with mucous cystadenoma, 20 mucous borderline cystadenoma, 26 mucous cystadenocarcinoma, 19 cases with endometrial carcinoma of ovary, and 9 cases with clear cell carcinoma.
  • RESULTS: The expression rate of topoisomerase IIIa was 17.9% in the benign ovarian tumors, 74.0% in the borderline cystadenoma, and 42.7% in the malignant tumors with statistical significance among them (chi(2) = 24.657, P < 0.001).
  • CONCLUSION: Topoisomerase IIIa is highly expressed in epithelial ovarian carcinoma, and its expression level is correlated with the character and type of tumor tissues.
  • [MeSH-major] DNA Topoisomerases, Type I / biosynthesis. Ovarian Neoplasms / enzymology
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Cystadenoma, Mucinous / enzymology. Cystadenoma, Mucinous / pathology. Cystadenoma, Serous / enzymology. Cystadenoma, Serous / pathology. Female. Humans. Immunohistochemistry. Isoenzymes / biosynthesis. Middle Aged. Neoplasm Staging

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  • (PMID = 16324386.001).
  • [ISSN] 0376-2491
  • [Journal-full-title] Zhonghua yi xue za zhi
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Zhonghua Yi Xue Za Zhi
  • [Language] chi
  • [Publication-type] English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] China
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Isoenzymes; EC 5.99.1.2 / DNA Topoisomerases, Type I; EC 5.99.1.2 / DNA topoisomerase III
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84. Tringler B, Liu W, Corral L, Torkko KC, Enomoto T, Davidson S, Lucia MS, Heinz DE, Papkoff J, Shroyer KR: B7-H4 overexpression in ovarian tumors. Gynecol Oncol; 2006 Jan;100(1):44-52
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  • [Title] B7-H4 overexpression in ovarian tumors.
  • OBJECTIVES: Despite great advances in therapeutic management, the mortality rate for ovarian cancer has remained relatively stable over the past 50 years.
  • This study was designed to evaluate the expression of B7-H4 protein, recently identified as a potential molecular marker of breast and ovarian cancer by quantitative PCR analysis, in benign tumors, tumors of low malignant potential and malignant tumors of the ovary.
  • METHODS: Archival formalin-fixed tissue blocks from serous, mucinous, endometrioid and clear cell ovarian tumors were evaluated by immunohistochemistry for the distribution of B7-H4 expression, and staining intensity was measured by automated image analysis.
  • RESULTS: B7-H4 cytoplasmic and membranous expression was detected in all primary serous (n = 32), endometrioid (n = 12), and clear cell carcinomas (n = 15), and in all metastatic serous (n = 23) and endometrioid (n = 7) ovarian carcinomas.
  • By contrast, focal B7-H4 expression was detected in only 1/11 mucinous carcinomas.
  • CONCLUSIONS: The consistent overexpression of B7-H4 in serous, endometrioid and clear cell ovarian carcinomas and the relative absence of expression in most normal somatic tissues indicates that B7-H4 should be further investigated as a potential diagnostic marker or therapeutic target for ovarian cancer.
  • [MeSH-major] Antigens, CD80 / biosynthesis. Biomarkers, Tumor / biosynthesis. Ovarian Neoplasms / metabolism
  • [MeSH-minor] Adenocarcinoma, Clear Cell / immunology. Adenocarcinoma, Clear Cell / metabolism. Adenocarcinoma, Clear Cell / pathology. Adenocarcinoma, Mucinous / immunology. Adenocarcinoma, Mucinous / metabolism. Adenocarcinoma, Mucinous / pathology. Adult. Aged. Aged, 80 and over. Blotting, Western. Carcinoma, Endometrioid / immunology. Carcinoma, Endometrioid / metabolism. Carcinoma, Endometrioid / pathology. Cystadenocarcinoma, Serous / immunology. Cystadenocarcinoma, Serous / metabolism. Cystadenocarcinoma, Serous / pathology. Female. Humans. Immunohistochemistry. Middle Aged. Neoplasm Metastasis. Neoplasm Staging. V-Set Domain-Containing T-Cell Activation Inhibitor 1

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  • (PMID = 16256178.001).
  • [ISSN] 0090-8258
  • [Journal-full-title] Gynecologic oncology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Gynecol. Oncol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Antigens, CD80; 0 / Biomarkers, Tumor; 0 / V-Set Domain-Containing T-Cell Activation Inhibitor 1; 0 / VTCN1 protein, human
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85. Cho EY, Choi Y, Chae SW, Sohn JH, Ahn GH: Immunohistochemical study of the expression of adhesion molecules in ovarian serous neoplasms. Pathol Int; 2006 Feb;56(2):62-70
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  • [Title] Immunohistochemical study of the expression of adhesion molecules in ovarian serous neoplasms.
  • To clarify possible roles of adhesion molecules including E-cadherin, beta- and gamma-catenin, CD44s, CD44v6, CD56, and CD99 in ovarian serous neoplasms, an immunohistochemical study was undertaken for 23 benign, 40 borderline, and 95 malignant ovarian serous neoplasms using tissue microarray (TMA).
  • Significantly reduced expression of E-cadherin, and overexpression of CD44s, CD56, and CD99 were more frequently observed in adenocarcinomas than in benign and borderline tumors.
  • Reduced expression of E-cadherin was also correlated with high tumor grade (P=0.03), presence of peritoneal seeding (P=0.03), and low overall survival rate (P=0.02).
  • Overexpression of CD44s was significantly associated with high tumor grade (P=0.04), advanced stage (P=0.03), and low overall survival rate (P=0.02).
  • Nuclear staining for gamma-catenin was correlated with tumor progression (P=0.004) and advanced International Federation of Gynecology and Obstetrics (FIGO) stage (P=0.02).
  • These results suggest that although E-cadherin, CD44s, CD56, and nuclear gamma-catenin immuno-expression seem to be useful prognostic markers for serous neoplasm of the ovary, CD44s expression and FIGO stage are independent prognostic factors.
  • [MeSH-major] Cell Adhesion Molecules / analysis. Neoplasms, Cystic, Mucinous, and Serous / chemistry. Neoplasms, Cystic, Mucinous, and Serous / pathology. Ovarian Neoplasms / chemistry. Ovarian Neoplasms / pathology
  • [MeSH-minor] Antigens, CD / analysis. Antigens, CD44 / analysis. Antigens, CD56 / analysis. Cadherins / analysis. Female. Glycoproteins / analysis. Humans. Immunohistochemistry. Neoplasm Staging. Prognosis. Survival Analysis. gamma Catenin / analysis

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  • (PMID = 16445817.001).
  • [ISSN] 1320-5463
  • [Journal-full-title] Pathology international
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Pathol. Int.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] Australia
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Antigens, CD; 0 / Antigens, CD44; 0 / Antigens, CD56; 0 / CD44S antigen; 0 / CD44v6 antigen; 0 / CD99 protein, human; 0 / Cadherins; 0 / Cell Adhesion Molecules; 0 / Glycoproteins; 0 / gamma Catenin
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86. Wanapirak C, Srisupundit K, Tongsong T: Sonographic morphology scores (SMS) for differentiation between benign and malignant adnexal masses. Asian Pac J Cancer Prev; 2006 Jul-Sep;7(3):407-10
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  • [Title] Sonographic morphology scores (SMS) for differentiation between benign and malignant adnexal masses.
  • OBJECTIVE: To determine the sensitivity and specificity of a scoring system for distinguishing between benign and malignant adnexal masses and to detect threshold scores for prediction of malignant ovarian tumors.
  • SUBJECTS: A total 158 patients scheduled for elective surgery due to ovarian tumors at Maharaj Nakorn Chiang Mai Hospital between June 16, 2002 and August 8, 2004 were recruited into the study.
  • CONCLUSION: Sonographic morphology scores are useful in distinguishing adnexal malignancies from benign lesions in some selected cases.
  • [MeSH-major] Adnexal Diseases / diagnostic imaging. Ovarian Neoplasms / diagnostic imaging. Ultrasonography, Doppler
  • [MeSH-minor] Adenocarcinoma, Clear Cell / ultrastructure. Adenocarcinoma, Mucinous / ultrastructure. Adolescent. Adult. Aged. Carcinoma, Endometrioid / ultrastructure. Cross-Sectional Studies. Cystadenoma, Serous / ultrastructure. Diagnosis, Differential. Female. Humans. Incidence. Middle Aged. Neoplasm Staging. Predictive Value of Tests. ROC Curve. Risk Factors. Sensitivity and Specificity

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  • (PMID = 17059332.001).
  • [ISSN] 1513-7368
  • [Journal-full-title] Asian Pacific journal of cancer prevention : APJCP
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Asian Pac. J. Cancer Prev.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Thailand
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87. Muzii L, Palaia I, Sansone M, Calcagno M, Plotti F, Angioli R, Panici PB: Laparoscopic fertility-sparing staging in unexpected early stage ovarian malignancies. Fertil Steril; 2009 Jun;91(6):2632-7
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  • [Title] Laparoscopic fertility-sparing staging in unexpected early stage ovarian malignancies.
  • OBJECTIVE: To assess feasibility and safety of fertility-sparing laparoscopic staging in women affected by unexpected ovarian cancer desiring to preserve their fertility.
  • PATIENT(S): Twenty-seven patients already operated on elsewhere for a presumably benign ovarian cyst.
  • RESULT(S): Histologic findings after first surgery: 12 low malignant potential neoplasms, 11 invasive epithelial ovarian carcinomas,1 sex-cord stromal, and 3 germ cell neoplasms.
  • Fertility-sparing staging consisted of exploration of the peritoneal cavity, peritoneal washing cytology, multiple peritoneal biopsies, omolateral adnexectomy (except in borderline tumors), omentectomy, omolateral or bilateral pelvic and aortic lymph node sampling (except in borderline tumors, well differentiated, mucinous, and granulosa cell (GC) neoplasms), endometrial biopsy, appendectomy in mucinous type.
  • CONCLUSION(S): Laparoscopic fertility-sparing staging in early ovarian malignancies is feasible and safe in selected and counseled patients and should be performed in experienced gynecological oncology centers trained in endoscopic procedures.
  • [MeSH-major] Fertility / physiology. Laparoscopy / methods. Ovarian Cysts / surgery. Ovarian Neoplasms / surgery
  • [MeSH-minor] Counseling. Cystectomy. Female. Humans. Neoplasm Invasiveness. Neoplasm Staging. Ovariectomy. Prospective Studies

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  • (PMID = 18555237.001).
  • [ISSN] 1556-5653
  • [Journal-full-title] Fertility and sterility
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Fertil. Steril.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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88. Tannuri AC, Tannuri U, Gibelli NE, Romão RL: Surgical treatment of hepatic tumors in children: lessons learned from liver transplantation. J Pediatr Surg; 2009 Nov;44(11):2083-7
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  • After neoadjuvant chemotherapy, tumor resectability was evaluated by another CT scan.
  • RESULTS: Fifty-three children with hepatic tumors underwent surgical treatment, 47 patients underwent liver resections, and in 6 cases, liver transplantation was performed because the tumor was considered unresectable.
  • Ten children presented with other malignant tumors-3 undifferentiated sarcomas, 2 hepatocellular carcinomas, 2 fibrolamellar hepatocellular carcinomas, a rhabdomyosarcoma, an immature ovarian teratoma, and a single neuroblastoma.
  • Six children had benign tumors-4 mesenchymal hamartoma, 1 focal nodular hyperplasia, and a mucinous cystadenoma.
  • [MeSH-minor] Age Factors. Blood Loss, Surgical. Carcinoma, Hepatocellular / mortality. Carcinoma, Hepatocellular / surgery. Follow-Up Studies. Hepatectomy / methods. Hepatoblastoma / mortality. Hepatoblastoma / surgery. Humans. Infant. Neoplasm Recurrence, Local / mortality. Neoplasm Recurrence, Local / surgery. Postoperative Complications / etiology. Survival Rate. Tomography, X-Ray Computed. Treatment Outcome


89. Shi HR, Zhang RT: [Expression and significance of P53, P21WAF1 and CDK1 proteins in epithelial ovarian cancer]. Ai Zheng; 2009 Aug;28(8):882-5
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  • [Title] [Expression and significance of P53, P21WAF1 and CDK1 proteins in epithelial ovarian cancer].
  • This study was to investigate the expression and significance of P53, P21WAF1 and CDK1 proteins in epithelial ovarian cancer.
  • METHODS: The expression of P53, P21WAF1 and CDK1 proteins in 20 specimens of normal ovarian tissues, 20 specimens of benign epithelial ovarian tumor and 76 specimens of epithelial ovarian cancer was detected by immunohistochemistry.
  • Their correlations to the clinicopathologic characteristics of epithelial ovarian cancer and their interrelationships were analyzed.
  • RESULTS: Significant differences were noted in the positive rates of P53, P21WAF1 and CDK1 proteins between epithelial ovarian cancer and normal ovarian tissues, benign ovarian tumors (P < 0.05).
  • In epithelial ovarian cancer, up-regulation of P53 protein was associated with advanced FIGO stage and poor differentiation; down-regulation of P21WAF1 protein was associated with advanced FIGO stage; CDK1 showed no association with any clinicopathologic factors.
  • CONCLUSIONS: P53 protein is related to the malignancy of epithelial ovarian cancer, P53 and P21WAF1 protein may be related to the malignant development of epithelial ovarian cancer.
  • CDK1 detection may be helpful in the early diagnosis of epithelial ovarian cancer.
  • [MeSH-major] CDC2 Protein Kinase / metabolism. Cyclin-Dependent Kinase Inhibitor p21 / metabolism. Cystadenocarcinoma, Mucinous / metabolism. Cystadenocarcinoma, Serous / metabolism. Ovarian Neoplasms / metabolism. Tumor Suppressor Protein p53 / metabolism
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Aged. Aged, 80 and over. Biomarkers, Tumor / metabolism. Cystadenoma, Mucinous / metabolism. Cystadenoma, Mucinous / pathology. Cystadenoma, Serous / metabolism. Cystadenoma, Serous / pathology. Female. Humans. Lymphatic Metastasis. Middle Aged. Neoplasm Staging. Ovary / metabolism. Ovary / pathology. Young Adult

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  • (PMID = 19664338.001).
  • [Journal-full-title] Ai zheng = Aizheng = Chinese journal of cancer
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Ai Zheng
  • [Language] chi
  • [Publication-type] English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] China
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Biomarkers, Tumor; 0 / CDKN1A protein, human; 0 / Cyclin-Dependent Kinase Inhibitor p21; 0 / TP53 protein, human; 0 / Tumor Suppressor Protein p53; EC 2.7.11.22 / CDC2 Protein Kinase
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90. McIntosh MW, Liu Y, Drescher C, Urban N, Diamandis EP: Validation and characterization of human kallikrein 11 as a serum marker for diagnosis of ovarian carcinoma. Clin Cancer Res; 2007 Aug 01;13(15 Pt 1):4422-8
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  • [Title] Validation and characterization of human kallikrein 11 as a serum marker for diagnosis of ovarian carcinoma.
  • PURPOSE: The serum tumor marker CA 125 is elevated in most clinically advanced ovarian carcinomas, and currently, one of the most promising early detection strategies for ovarian cancer uses CA 125 level in conjunction with imaging.
  • However, CA 125 is elevated in only 50% of early-stage ovarian cancer and is often elevated in women with benign ovarian tumors and other gynecologic diseases.
  • The human kallikrein 11 (hK11) marker has been reported to have favorable predictive value for ovarian cancer, although, by itself, it may be inferior to CA 125.
  • CA 125, hK11, and the composite marker were evaluated for their performance in identifying ovarian cancer and for temporal stability.
  • RESULTS: hK11 significantly distinguished ovarian cancer cases from healthy controls and is less sensitive to benign ovarian disease than is CA 125.
  • CONCLUSION: We conclude that hK11 is a valuable new biomarker for ovarian cancer and its temporal stability implies that it may do even better when used in a longitudinal screening program for early detection.
  • [MeSH-major] Biomarkers, Tumor / blood. Ovarian Neoplasms / blood. Serine Endopeptidases / blood
  • [MeSH-minor] Adenocarcinoma / blood. Adenocarcinoma / diagnosis. Adenocarcinoma, Mucinous / blood. Adenocarcinoma, Mucinous / diagnosis. CA-125 Antigen / metabolism. Carcinoma, Endometrioid / blood. Carcinoma, Endometrioid / diagnosis. Case-Control Studies. Cystadenocarcinoma, Serous / blood. Cystadenocarcinoma, Serous / diagnosis. Disease Progression. Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay. Female. Gene Expression Regulation, Neoplastic. Humans. Neoplasm Staging. Prognosis. Survival Rate. Up-Regulation

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  • (PMID = 17671125.001).
  • [ISSN] 1078-0432
  • [Journal-full-title] Clinical cancer research : an official journal of the American Association for Cancer Research
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Clin. Cancer Res.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Grant] United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / P50 CA083636; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / P50 CA83636; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / R21CA093568
  • [Publication-type] Comparative Study; Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't; Validation Studies
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Biomarkers, Tumor; 0 / CA-125 Antigen; 0 / trypsin-like serine protease; EC 3.4.21.- / Serine Endopeptidases
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91. Tongsong T, Wanapirak C, Sukpan K, Khunamornpong S, Pathumbal A: Subjective sonographic assessment for differentiation between malignant and benign adnexal masses. Asian Pac J Cancer Prev; 2007 Jan-Mar;8(1):124-6
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  • [Title] Subjective sonographic assessment for differentiation between malignant and benign adnexal masses.
  • OBJECTIVE: To determine the accuracy of subjective sonographic assessment in distinguishing between benign and malignant adnexal masses.
  • All patients were sonographically examined within 72 hours of surgery were subjectively evaluated by the experienced sonographer, who had no any information of the patients, to differentiate between benign and malignant adnexal masses based on sonographic morphology.
  • RESULTS: One hundred and fifty-eight patients with 174 adnexal masses, (benign; 108 and malignant;.
  • CONCLUSIONS: Subjective evaluation of sonographic morphology has high accuracy in differentiating between benign and malignant adnexal masses.
  • [MeSH-major] Ovarian Neoplasms / diagnostic imaging. Ultrasonography, Doppler
  • [MeSH-minor] Adenocarcinoma, Mucinous / ultrastructure. Adolescent. Adult. Aged. Aged, 80 and over. Carcinoma, Endometrioid / ultrastructure. Cross-Sectional Studies. Cystadenoma, Serous / ultrastructure. Diagnosis, Differential. Female. Humans. Incidence. Middle Aged. Neoplasm Staging. Predictive Value of Tests. ROC Curve. Risk Factors. Sensitivity and Specificity

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  • (PMID = 17477786.001).
  • [ISSN] 1513-7368
  • [Journal-full-title] Asian Pacific journal of cancer prevention : APJCP
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Asian Pac. J. Cancer Prev.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Comparative Study; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] Thailand
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92. Chen AP, Zhang J, Liu H, Zhao SP, Dai SZ, Sun XL: [Association of EGFR expression with angiogenesis and chemoresistance in ovarian carcinoma]. Zhonghua Zhong Liu Za Zhi; 2009 Jan;31(1):48-52
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  • [Title] [Association of EGFR expression with angiogenesis and chemoresistance in ovarian carcinoma].
  • OBJECTIVE: To clarify the association of EGFR expression with angiogenesis and chemoresistance in ovarian cancer.
  • METHODS: Immunohistochemical PV-6000 staining was used to detect the expression of EGFR, LRP protein and MVD in 102 ovarian tumor specimens.
  • RESULTS: EGFR, LRP positive rates and MVD in borderline and malignant ovarian specimens were significantly higher than those in the normal and benign ones (P < 0.01).
  • MVD was related to histological grade, residual tumor and ascites, LRP positive expression had no correlation with the clinicopathologic parameters (P > 0.05).
  • CONCLUSION: The expression of EGFR in ovarian cancer is related to angiogenesis and chemoresistance.
  • EGFR and LRP-positive expression are related to chemoresistance, and detection of the two proteins may be helpful in guiding chemotherapy choice for ovarian cancer.
  • [MeSH-major] Drug Resistance, Neoplasm. Neovascularization, Pathologic / pathology. Ovarian Neoplasms / blood supply. Receptor, Epidermal Growth Factor / metabolism. Vault Ribonucleoprotein Particles / metabolism
  • [MeSH-minor] Antigens, CD34 / metabolism. Ascites / pathology. Cystadenocarcinoma, Mucinous / blood supply. Cystadenocarcinoma, Mucinous / drug therapy. Cystadenocarcinoma, Mucinous / metabolism. Cystadenocarcinoma, Mucinous / pathology. Cystadenocarcinoma, Serous / blood supply. Cystadenocarcinoma, Serous / drug therapy. Cystadenocarcinoma, Serous / metabolism. Cystadenocarcinoma, Serous / pathology. Cystadenoma, Mucinous / blood supply. Cystadenoma, Mucinous / drug therapy. Cystadenoma, Mucinous / metabolism. Cystadenoma, Mucinous / pathology. Cystadenoma, Serous / blood supply. Cystadenoma, Serous / drug therapy. Cystadenoma, Serous / metabolism. Cystadenoma, Serous / pathology. Drug Resistance, Multiple. Female. Follow-Up Studies. Gene Expression Regulation, Neoplastic. Humans. Lymphatic Metastasis. Middle Aged. Neoplasm Staging. Survival Rate

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  • (PMID = 19538870.001).
  • [ISSN] 0253-3766
  • [Journal-full-title] Zhonghua zhong liu za zhi [Chinese journal of oncology]
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Zhonghua Zhong Liu Za Zhi
  • [Language] chi
  • [Publication-type] English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] China
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Antigens, CD34; 0 / Vault Ribonucleoprotein Particles; 0 / major vault protein; EC 2.7.10.1 / Receptor, Epidermal Growth Factor
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93. Thamboo TP, Sim R, Tan SY, Yap WM: Primary retroperitoneal mucinous cystadenocarcinoma in a male patient. J Clin Pathol; 2006 Jun;59(6):655-7
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  • [Title] Primary retroperitoneal mucinous cystadenocarcinoma in a male patient.
  • Primary retroperitoneal mucinous cystadenocarcinomas (PRMCs) are rare.
  • Areas ranging from a benign mucinous cyst to borderline mucinous tumour to mucinous cystadenocarcinoma were observed on microscopy.
  • Strong patchy staining for cytokeratins 7 and 20 and strong diffuse staining for MUC2 and MUC5AC core peptides, similar to staining patterns in ovarian mucinous tumours, were shown in the benign and atypical epithelium.
  • The theory of its origin from the mucinous metaplasia of peritoneal (mesothelial) inclusion cysts, rather than from ectopic ovarian tissue or ovarian teratomas, is supported by the occurrence of such a tumour in a male patient.
  • [MeSH-major] Cystadenocarcinoma, Mucinous / diagnosis. Retroperitoneal Neoplasms / diagnosis
  • [MeSH-minor] Humans. Keratins / metabolism. Male. Middle Aged. Mucins / metabolism. Neoplasm Proteins / metabolism

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  • (PMID = 16731606.001).
  • [ISSN] 0021-9746
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of clinical pathology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Clin. Pathol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Mucins; 0 / Neoplasm Proteins; 68238-35-7 / Keratins
  • [Number-of-references] 15
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC1860402
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94. Kushida Y, Haba R, Kadota K, Doi T, Ishikawa M, Hirakawa E, Kira M: Composite mucinous and granulosa cell tumor of the ovary. Pathol Int; 2005 Dec;55(12):797-801
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  • [Title] Composite mucinous and granulosa cell tumor of the ovary.
  • A composite mucinous and granulosa cell tumor of the ovary in a 76-year-old woman is herein reported.
  • At laparotomy this tumor proved to be a solid and cystic mass measuring 10 cm in greatest diameter.
  • Many of the cysts were lined with a benign mucinous epithelium of the endocervical type, and solid areas contained a proliferation of granulosa cells.
  • A theca cell component was also present in areas adjacent to the mucinous epithelium.
  • The coexistence of mucinous and granulosa cell tumor is extremely rare and only four such cases have previously been reported in the literature, and the histogenesis of this tumor has not yet been elucidated.
  • In the present case it is suggested that the granulosa cell element commenced as a reactive stromal hyperplasia in the wall of the pre-existing mucinous neoplasm and thereafter progressed to the point of producing a tumor-like mass or neoplastic changes.
  • [MeSH-major] Adenocarcinoma, Mucinous / pathology. Granulosa Cell Tumor / pathology. Ovarian Neoplasms / pathology

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  • (PMID = 16287496.001).
  • [ISSN] 1320-5463
  • [Journal-full-title] Pathology international
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Pathol. Int.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Australia
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