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1. Tugrul S, Pekin O, Ayvaci H, Tarhan N, Uludo─čan M: Giant benign mucinous cystadenoma growing during pregnancy: a case report. Clin Exp Obstet Gynecol; 2007;34(2):126-7
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Giant benign mucinous cystadenoma growing during pregnancy: a case report.
  • A 32-year-old woman, gravida 4, para 2, was diagnosed with a benign right ovarian mucinous cystadenoma.
  • Laparotomy was performed and the ovarian cystic mass was removed in the second trimester.
  • The patient had postoperative tocolytic therapy and progesterone medication.
  • A case of giant mucinous cystadenoma is presented with clinical follow-up details.
  • [MeSH-major] Cystadenoma, Mucinous / diagnosis. Ovarian Neoplasms / diagnosis. Pregnancy Complications, Neoplastic

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  • (PMID = 17629173.001).
  • [ISSN] 0390-6663
  • [Journal-full-title] Clinical and experimental obstetrics & gynecology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Clin Exp Obstet Gynecol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Italy
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2. Zagorianakou N, Stefanou D, Makrydimas G, Zagorianakou P, Briasoulis E, Karavasilis V, Pavlidis N, Agnantis NJ: Clinicopathological study of metallothionein immunohistochemical expression, in benign, borderline and malignant ovarian epithelial tumors. Histol Histopathol; 2006 04;21(4):341-7
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Clinicopathological study of metallothionein immunohistochemical expression, in benign, borderline and malignant ovarian epithelial tumors.
  • Metallothioneins (MTs) are a family of cystein-rich metal-binding proteins, which are expressed in normal cells during fetal and postnatal life but also in a variety of human neoplasms.
  • MT expression in human tumors has been linked to resistance to anticancer drugs and differentiation and progression in some types of tumors.
  • This study examined the immunohistochemical expression of MTs in benign, borderline and malignant tumors of ovarian surface epithelium and the possible correlations with clinicopathological parameters and survival.
  • A total of 87 cases with diagnosis of ovarian surface epithelial tumors were included.
  • Specifically, 21 cases of benign cystadenomas (11 serous and 10 mucinous), 14 borderline (low malignant potential tumors, 8 mucinous and 6 serous) and 52 cases of ovarian cancer were analysed.
  • A statistically significant correlation was found between the expression of MT in cancer cases and benign tumors (p < 0.0001) and cancer cases and borderline tumors p = 0.003.
  • There was no correlation of MT overexpression with survival in the small number of ovarian carcinoma patients where it was analysed.
  • MT constitutes a marker that characterizes aggressiveness and a high malignant potential in ovarian epithelial tumors.
  • In diagnostic problems MT may help distinguish between benign, borderline and malignant tumors.
  • [MeSH-major] Carcinoma / chemistry. Metallothionein / analysis. Ovarian Neoplasms / chemistry
  • [MeSH-minor] Adolescent. Adult. Aged. Aged, 80 and over. Biomarkers, Tumor / analysis. Cell Differentiation / genetics. Cell Proliferation. Cystadenoma, Mucinous / chemistry. Cystadenoma, Mucinous / diagnosis. Cystadenoma, Mucinous / pathology. Cystadenoma, Serous / chemistry. Cystadenoma, Serous / diagnosis. Cystadenoma, Serous / pathology. Diagnosis, Differential. Disease Progression. Female. Gene Expression Regulation, Neoplastic. Humans. Immunohistochemistry. Middle Aged. Tumor Suppressor Protein p53 / analysis. Tumor Suppressor Protein p53 / genetics. Tumor Suppressor Protein p53 / physiology

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  • (PMID = 16437378.001).
  • [ISSN] 1699-5848
  • [Journal-full-title] Histology and histopathology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Histol. Histopathol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Spain
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Biomarkers, Tumor; 0 / Tumor Suppressor Protein p53; 9038-94-2 / Metallothionein
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3. Zhang J, Chen AP, Wang B, Zhao SP, Liu LZ, Dai SZ: [Correlations of EGFR and LRP to chemotherapy resistance and prognosis of ovarian cancer]. Ai Zheng; 2008 Dec;27(12):1331-6
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  • [Title] [Correlations of EGFR and LRP to chemotherapy resistance and prognosis of ovarian cancer].
  • BACKGROUND & OBJECTIVE: Abnormal expression and activation of epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR), which is closely related to the recurrence and poor prognosis of ovarian cancer, can promote chemotherapy resistance of tumor cells.
  • Lung resistance protein (LRP), a multidrug resistance protein causing platinum-resistance, is an independent factor in predicting chemotherapy sensitivity to ovarian cancer.
  • This study was to explore the correlations of EGFR and LRP to chemotherapy resistance and prognosis of ovarian cancer.
  • METHODS: Expressions of EGFR and LRP in 76 specimens of ovarian malignant tumor, nine borderline tumor, 17 benign tumor and 15 normal ovary were studied using immunohistochemistry.
  • Patients with ovarian cancer were followed up.
  • Correlations of EGFR and LRP to chemotherapy efficacy and survival time of patients with ovarian cancer after operation were analyzed.
  • RESULTS: The positive rates of EGFR and LRP in malignant specimens (73.68% and 71.79%) were significantly higher than those in normal and benign ones (P <0.01).
  • EGFR was highly expressed in ovarian cancer patients at late stage (III-IV), with poor differentiation and ascites (P <0.05).
  • The short-term efficacy rates of ovarian cancer were lower in patients with positive expressions of EGFR and LRP (57.14% and 53.70%) than in those with negative expressions (P<0.05).
  • The three-year survival rate of ovarian cancer patients was 53.00%.
  • CONCLUSION: The expression of EGFR and LRP could be used to predict chemotherapy resistance and prognosis of ovarian cancer.
  • [MeSH-major] Cystadenocarcinoma, Serous / metabolism. Drug Resistance, Neoplasm. Ovarian Neoplasms / metabolism. Receptor, Epidermal Growth Factor / metabolism. Vault Ribonucleoprotein Particles / metabolism
  • [MeSH-minor] Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols / therapeutic use. Cisplatin / administration & dosage. Cisplatin / pharmacology. Cystadenocarcinoma, Mucinous / drug therapy. Cystadenocarcinoma, Mucinous / metabolism. Cystadenocarcinoma, Mucinous / pathology. Cystadenoma, Mucinous / drug therapy. Cystadenoma, Mucinous / metabolism. Cystadenoma, Mucinous / pathology. Cystadenoma, Serous / drug therapy. Cystadenoma, Serous / metabolism. Cystadenoma, Serous / pathology. Female. Follow-Up Studies. Humans. Middle Aged. Neoplasm Staging. Survival Rate


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4. Agriantonis DJ, Hall L, Wilson MA: Pitfalls of I-131 whole body scan interpretation: bronchogenic cyst and mucinous cystadenoma. Clin Nucl Med; 2008 May;33(5):325-7
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  • [Title] Pitfalls of I-131 whole body scan interpretation: bronchogenic cyst and mucinous cystadenoma.
  • Whole body iodine scans are routinely performed in the nuclear medicine department as part of the management of differentiated thyroid carcinoma.
  • A thorough understanding of the normal, benign, and pathologic biodistribution of iodine is imperative for the nuclear medicine physician.
  • [MeSH-major] Bronchogenic Cyst / radionuclide imaging. Cystadenoma, Mucinous / radionuclide imaging. Iodine Radioisotopes. Ovarian Neoplasms / radionuclide imaging. Thyroid Neoplasms / radionuclide imaging. Thyroid Neoplasms / secondary. Whole Body Imaging / methods

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  • (PMID = 18431144.001).
  • [ISSN] 0363-9762
  • [Journal-full-title] Clinical nuclear medicine
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Clin Nucl Med
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Iodine Radioisotopes; 0 / Radiopharmaceuticals
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5. Klimp AH, Hollema H, Kempinga C, van der Zee AG, de Vries EG, Daemen T: Expression of cyclooxygenase-2 and inducible nitric oxide synthase in human ovarian tumors and tumor-associated macrophages. Cancer Res; 2001 Oct 1;61(19):7305-9
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  • [Title] Expression of cyclooxygenase-2 and inducible nitric oxide synthase in human ovarian tumors and tumor-associated macrophages.
  • This study investigates whether and to what extent cyclooxygenase type-2 (COX-2) and inducible nitric oxide-synthase (iNOS), both known to have an immunosuppressive effect, are expressed in human ovarian tumors.
  • The expression of COX-2 and iNOS in tumor cells and macrophages was assessed in 18 malignant, 15 borderline, and 14 benign human ovarian tumors by immunohistochemical staining of frozen tissue sections.
  • Most of the malignant tumors (15 of 18), 10 of 15 borderline, and 9 of 14 benign tumors showed COX-2 expression in the epithelial cells, a result which indicates that COX-2 expression is not exclusive to malignancy.
  • In addition, COX-2 staining was more intense in the epithelial cells of benign and borderline tumors than in malignant tumors.
  • Weak iNOS staining was observed in 5 of 18 malignant, 4 of 15 borderline, and 5 of 14 benign tumors.
  • The highest number of tumor-associated macrophages (> or =20/0.125 mm(2)) was observed in malignant tumors, whereas low to moderate intra- and peritumoral macrophage infiltration (5-20/0.125 mm(2)) was observed in the borderline and benign tumors.
  • COX-2-positive tumor-associated macrophages were found in 3 of 18 malignant tumors, 7 of 15 borderline tumors, and 1 of 14 benign tumors.
  • Some malignant (4 of 18), borderline (5 of 15), and benign (2 of 14) tumors contained iNOS-positive macrophages.
  • These data indicate that not only malignant but also borderline and benign ovarian tumors can exhibit increased levels of COX-2 and iNOS expression.
  • In addition, a small proportion of the tumor-associated macrophages found in malignant, borderline, and benign tumors seems to be in an activated state, judged by their iNOS and COX-2 expression.
  • [MeSH-major] Isoenzymes / biosynthesis. Macrophages / enzymology. Nitric Oxide Synthase / biosynthesis. Ovarian Neoplasms / enzymology. Prostaglandin-Endoperoxide Synthases / biosynthesis
  • [MeSH-minor] Adenocarcinoma / enzymology. Adenocarcinoma / pathology. Cyclooxygenase 2. Cystadenocarcinoma, Mucinous / enzymology. Cystadenocarcinoma, Mucinous / pathology. Cystadenocarcinoma, Serous / enzymology. Cystadenocarcinoma, Serous / pathology. Cystadenoma / enzymology. Cystadenoma / pathology. Epithelial Cells / enzymology. Female. Humans. Membrane Proteins. Nitric Oxide Synthase Type II

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  • (PMID = 11585770.001).
  • [ISSN] 0008-5472
  • [Journal-full-title] Cancer research
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Cancer Res.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Isoenzymes; 0 / Membrane Proteins; EC 1.14.13.39 / NOS2 protein, human; EC 1.14.13.39 / Nitric Oxide Synthase; EC 1.14.13.39 / Nitric Oxide Synthase Type II; EC 1.14.99.1 / Cyclooxygenase 2; EC 1.14.99.1 / PTGS2 protein, human; EC 1.14.99.1 / Prostaglandin-Endoperoxide Synthases
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6. Wanapirak C, Srisupundit K, Tongsong T: Sonographic morphology scores (SMS) for differentiation between benign and malignant adnexal masses. Asian Pac J Cancer Prev; 2006 Jul-Sep;7(3):407-10
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  • [Title] Sonographic morphology scores (SMS) for differentiation between benign and malignant adnexal masses.
  • OBJECTIVE: To determine the sensitivity and specificity of a scoring system for distinguishing between benign and malignant adnexal masses and to detect threshold scores for prediction of malignant ovarian tumors.
  • STUDY DESIGN: Cross-sectional diagnostic testing.
  • SETTING: Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Faculty of Medicine, Chiang Mai University.
  • SUBJECTS: A total 158 patients scheduled for elective surgery due to ovarian tumors at Maharaj Nakorn Chiang Mai Hospital between June 16, 2002 and August 8, 2004 were recruited into the study.
  • The final diagnosis was based on either pathological or operative findings.
  • CONCLUSION: Sonographic morphology scores are useful in distinguishing adnexal malignancies from benign lesions in some selected cases.
  • [MeSH-major] Adnexal Diseases / diagnostic imaging. Ovarian Neoplasms / diagnostic imaging. Ultrasonography, Doppler
  • [MeSH-minor] Adenocarcinoma, Clear Cell / ultrastructure. Adenocarcinoma, Mucinous / ultrastructure. Adolescent. Adult. Aged. Carcinoma, Endometrioid / ultrastructure. Cross-Sectional Studies. Cystadenoma, Serous / ultrastructure. Diagnosis, Differential. Female. Humans. Incidence. Middle Aged. Neoplasm Staging. Predictive Value of Tests. ROC Curve. Risk Factors. Sensitivity and Specificity

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  • (PMID = 17059332.001).
  • [ISSN] 1513-7368
  • [Journal-full-title] Asian Pacific journal of cancer prevention : APJCP
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Asian Pac. J. Cancer Prev.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Thailand
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7. Hackethal A, Brueggmann D, Turovets M, Bassaly B, Stein A, Gerber EL, Muenstedt K: Removal of enormous bilateral mucinous cystadenomas of the ovaries with abdominal plastic reconstruction. Arch Gynecol Obstet; 2009 Jan;279(1):65-7
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  • [Title] Removal of enormous bilateral mucinous cystadenomas of the ovaries with abdominal plastic reconstruction.
  • INTRODUCTION: Bilateral mucinous cystadenoma of the ovary are extremely rare.
  • These tumors are benign and might lead to abdominal distension, if no secondary symptoms occur and patient delay the consultation of physicians.
  • CASE: A 60-year-old patient was admitted to the internal medicine department for constipation and dyspnoea.
  • Tumor excision was initiated and final histology revealed bilateral mucinous cystadenoma of the ovaries.
  • [MeSH-major] Cystadenoma, Mucinous / surgery. Ovarian Neoplasms / surgery

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  • (PMID = 18386030.001).
  • [ISSN] 1432-0711
  • [Journal-full-title] Archives of gynecology and obstetrics
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Arch. Gynecol. Obstet.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Germany
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8. Chen AP, Zhang J, Liu H, Zhao SP, Dai SZ, Sun XL: [Association of EGFR expression with angiogenesis and chemoresistance in ovarian carcinoma]. Zhonghua Zhong Liu Za Zhi; 2009 Jan;31(1):48-52
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  • [Title] [Association of EGFR expression with angiogenesis and chemoresistance in ovarian carcinoma].
  • OBJECTIVE: To clarify the association of EGFR expression with angiogenesis and chemoresistance in ovarian cancer.
  • METHODS: Immunohistochemical PV-6000 staining was used to detect the expression of EGFR, LRP protein and MVD in 102 ovarian tumor specimens.
  • RESULTS: EGFR, LRP positive rates and MVD in borderline and malignant ovarian specimens were significantly higher than those in the normal and benign ones (P < 0.01).
  • EGFR positive expression rate in stage III-IV carcinoma tissues, poor differentiation and with ascites was higher than that in stage I-II carcinomas of well differentiation and without ascites (P < 0.05).
  • CONCLUSION: The expression of EGFR in ovarian cancer is related to angiogenesis and chemoresistance.
  • EGFR and LRP-positive expression are related to chemoresistance, and detection of the two proteins may be helpful in guiding chemotherapy choice for ovarian cancer.
  • [MeSH-major] Drug Resistance, Neoplasm. Neovascularization, Pathologic / pathology. Ovarian Neoplasms / blood supply. Receptor, Epidermal Growth Factor / metabolism. Vault Ribonucleoprotein Particles / metabolism
  • [MeSH-minor] Antigens, CD34 / metabolism. Ascites / pathology. Cystadenocarcinoma, Mucinous / blood supply. Cystadenocarcinoma, Mucinous / drug therapy. Cystadenocarcinoma, Mucinous / metabolism. Cystadenocarcinoma, Mucinous / pathology. Cystadenocarcinoma, Serous / blood supply. Cystadenocarcinoma, Serous / drug therapy. Cystadenocarcinoma, Serous / metabolism. Cystadenocarcinoma, Serous / pathology. Cystadenoma, Mucinous / blood supply. Cystadenoma, Mucinous / drug therapy. Cystadenoma, Mucinous / metabolism. Cystadenoma, Mucinous / pathology. Cystadenoma, Serous / blood supply. Cystadenoma, Serous / drug therapy. Cystadenoma, Serous / metabolism. Cystadenoma, Serous / pathology. Drug Resistance, Multiple. Female. Follow-Up Studies. Gene Expression Regulation, Neoplastic. Humans. Lymphatic Metastasis. Middle Aged. Neoplasm Staging. Survival Rate

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  • (PMID = 19538870.001).
  • [ISSN] 0253-3766
  • [Journal-full-title] Zhonghua zhong liu za zhi [Chinese journal of oncology]
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Zhonghua Zhong Liu Za Zhi
  • [Language] chi
  • [Publication-type] English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] China
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Antigens, CD34; 0 / Vault Ribonucleoprotein Particles; 0 / major vault protein; EC 2.7.10.1 / Receptor, Epidermal Growth Factor
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