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1. Kim JP, Seo JB, Kim MH, Yoo MJ, Min BK, Moon SY: Osteochondroma associated with complete rupture of the distal biceps tendon: case report. J Hand Surg Am; 2010 Aug;35(8):1340-3
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  • [Title] Osteochondroma associated with complete rupture of the distal biceps tendon: case report.
  • Osteochondromas are the most common benign bone tumors.
  • We present the case of a solitary osteochondroma that occurred in a critical area of the proximal radius near the insertion of the biceps tendon and ultimately led to rupture of the tendon.
  • [MeSH-major] Bone Neoplasms / complications. Osteochondroma / complications. Radius. Tendon Injuries / etiology

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  • [Copyright] Copyright 2010 American Society for Surgery of the Hand. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
  • (PMID = 20684931.001).
  • [ISSN] 1531-6564
  • [Journal-full-title] The Journal of hand surgery
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Hand Surg Am
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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2. Valdivielso-Ortiz A, Barber I, Soldado F, Aguirre-Canyadell M, Enriquez G: Solitary osteochondroma: spontaneous regression. Pediatr Radiol; 2010 Oct;40(10):1699-701
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  • [Title] Solitary osteochondroma: spontaneous regression.
  • Osteochondromas are the most common benign bone tumours.
  • We report the case of a 9-year-old girl with a solitary osteochondroma of the femur that regressed almost completely within 4 years, a fact that should be taken into account when deciding the management of these lesions, especially in young children.
  • [MeSH-major] Bone Neoplasms / diagnostic imaging. Femur / diagnostic imaging. Neoplasm Regression, Spontaneous. Osteochondroma / diagnostic imaging

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  • (PMID = 20714716.001).
  • [ISSN] 1432-1998
  • [Journal-full-title] Pediatric radiology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Pediatr Radiol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Germany
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3. Jundt G, Baumhoer D: [Cartilage tumors of the skeleton]. Pathologe; 2008 Nov;29 Suppl 2:223-31
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • Although the spectrum of benign and malignant cartilaginous bone tumors is extremely wide, a distinct diagnosis, even from small biopsy specimens, is almost always possible if radiological findings, age, clinical data, and localization within the skeleton as well as within the bone are considered.
  • With limitations, this also holds true for distinguishing enchondromas from low-grade chondrosarcomas; however, extensive experience in multidisciplinary bone tumor diagnosis is required.
  • In single cases, immunohistochemical findings may be helpful in the differential diagnosis if they are integrated into the context of all other findings.
  • [MeSH-major] Bone Neoplasms / pathology. Chondroblastoma / pathology. Chondroma / pathology. Chondrosarcoma / pathology. Osteochondroma / pathology
  • [MeSH-minor] Adolescent. Adult. Bone and Bones / pathology. Child. Child, Preschool. Diagnosis, Differential. Exostoses, Multiple Hereditary / pathology. Female. Humans. Male. Young Adult

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  • (PMID = 18820927.001).
  • [ISSN] 1432-1963
  • [Journal-full-title] Der Pathologe
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Pathologe
  • [Language] ger
  • [Publication-type] English Abstract; Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] Germany
  • [Number-of-references] 26
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4. Delgado Cedillo EA, Rico Martínez G, Linares González LM, Estrada Villaseñor E, León Hernández SR, Ble Campos R: [Epidemiology of bone and soft-part tumors of the foot and knee]. Acta Ortop Mex; 2007 May-Jun;21(3):144-50
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  • [Title] [Epidemiology of bone and soft-part tumors of the foot and knee].
  • [Transliterated title] Epidemiología de tumores óseos y partes blandas del pie y tobillo.
  • OBJECTIVE: Review of the cases in a period of 10 years with bone and soft tumors in foot and ankle, to knowing epidemilogical, clinic and patologic anatomy parameters to describe the behavior.
  • RESULTS: 166 patients within 2 years to 78 years old, 81 with bone tumors and 79 with soft tumors, mostly benign, the most frequent was in the soft tissue ganglion and oseal benign exostosis in bone, 6 different malignant tumors, the principal affected zone were the toes, as a difference to literature, the most affected age group was 10 to 20 years followed to the 30 to 40 years old, we report 42 different patological diagnostics results to soft tissue and osseous tissue.
  • CONCLUSION: clinical features is not a useful parameter to differentiate between malign or benign tumors and does not allow to establish the biological behavior, we propose the diagnostic algorithm that includes the intentional clinical probe, comparative X-ray in three projections with soft technique, in suspicion to malignant lesion may require CT scan, MRI, osseous scan and finally biopsy which will improve the final outcome.
  • [MeSH-major] Bone Neoplasms / epidemiology. Foot Diseases / epidemiology. Knee. Soft Tissue Neoplasms / epidemiology
  • [MeSH-minor] Adolescent. Adult. Age Distribution. Aged. Bone Cysts / diagnosis. Bone Cysts / epidemiology. Child. Child, Preschool. Exostoses / diagnosis. Exostoses / epidemiology. Female. Ganglion Cysts / diagnosis. Ganglion Cysts / epidemiology. Humans. Male. Mexico / epidemiology. Middle Aged. Osteochondroma / diagnosis. Osteochondroma / epidemiology. Retrospective Studies

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  • (PMID = 17937178.001).
  • [ISSN] 2306-4102
  • [Journal-full-title] Acta ortopédica mexicana
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Acta Ortop Mex
  • [Language] spa
  • [Publication-type] English Abstract; Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] Mexico
  • [Number-of-references] 15
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5. Roy S, Dobson P, Henry L: An isolated osteochondroma with underlying non-Hodgkin's lymphoma of bone. J Bone Joint Surg Br; 2005 Oct;87(10):1423-4
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  • [Title] An isolated osteochondroma with underlying non-Hodgkin's lymphoma of bone.
  • Osteochondroma is the most common benign bone tumour.
  • We report a case of an isolated osteochondroma which appeared benign on clinical and plain radiographic examination but routine histological analysis revealed non-Hodgkin's lymphoma in the underlying bone.
  • This association has not previously been reported and the case emphasises the importance of routine histological analysis, even if a lesion appears benign.
  • [MeSH-major] Bone Neoplasms / pathology. Lymphoma, Large B-Cell, Diffuse / pathology. Neoplasms, Multiple Primary / pathology. Osteochondroma / pathology

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  • (PMID = 16189321.001).
  • [ISSN] 0301-620X
  • [Journal-full-title] The Journal of bone and joint surgery. British volume
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Bone Joint Surg Br
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] England
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6. Wootton-Gorges SL: MR imaging of primary bone tumors and tumor-like conditions in children. Magn Reson Imaging Clin N Am; 2009 Aug;17(3):469-87, vi
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] MR imaging of primary bone tumors and tumor-like conditions in children.
  • This article provides a review of the MR imaging features of the major primary malignant and benign bone tumors and tumorlike conditions encountered in the pediatric population.
  • Benign lesions discussed include simple bone cysts, aneurysmal bone cysts, giant cell tumor, osteochondroma, enchondroma, chondroblastoma, osteoid osteoma, osteoblastoma, nonossifying fibroma, fibrous dysplasia, osteofibrous dysplasia, hemangioma, and histiocytosis.
  • The use of MR imaging in the diagnosis of these lesions is discussed, and the text is enhanced with imaging examples of the lesions.
  • [MeSH-major] Bone Neoplasms / diagnosis. Magnetic Resonance Imaging / methods
  • [MeSH-minor] Adolescent. Bone Cysts / diagnosis. Bone Cysts / pathology. Cartilage Diseases / diagnosis. Cartilage Diseases / pathology. Child. Contrast Media. Humans

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  • (PMID = 19524197.001).
  • [ISSN] 1557-9786
  • [Journal-full-title] Magnetic resonance imaging clinics of North America
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Magn Reson Imaging Clin N Am
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Contrast Media
  • [Number-of-references] 44
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7. Tanigawa N, Kariya S, Kojima H, Komemushi A, Fujii H, Sawada S: Lower limb ischaemia caused by fractured osteochondroma of the femur. Br J Radiol; 2007 Apr;80(952):e78-80
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  • [Title] Lower limb ischaemia caused by fractured osteochondroma of the femur.
  • Osteochondroma is the most common benign bone tumour and can arise in any bone.
  • We have encountered a patient with multiple hereditary exostoses, in whom the osteochondroma located in the distal portion of the femur fractured as a result of an injury from a traffic accident.
  • The migrated osteochondroma compressed the femoral artery and led to an acute onset of lower extremity ischaemia.
  • Although trauma or vigorous exercise can cause vascular complications caused by osteochondroma, vascular insufficiency due to fracture of osteochondroma after a traumatic injury is extremely rare.
  • [MeSH-major] Bone Neoplasms / complications. Exostoses, Multiple Hereditary / complications. Femoral Fractures / complications. Ischemia / etiology. Leg / blood supply


8. Settakorn J, Lekawanvijit S, Arpornchayanon O, Rangdaeng S, Vanitanakom P, Kongkarnka S, Cheepsattayakorn R, Ya-In C, Thorner PS: Spectrum of bone tumors in Chiang Mai University Hospital, Thailand according to WHO classification 2002: A study of 1,001 cases. J Med Assoc Thai; 2006 Jun;89(6):780-7
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Spectrum of bone tumors in Chiang Mai University Hospital, Thailand according to WHO classification 2002: A study of 1,001 cases.
  • OBJECTIVE: The aim of the present study was to determine the spectrum, frequency and demographics of bone tumors.
  • MATERIAL AND METHOD: A retrospective study of the 1,001 bone tumor specimens from the files at the Pathology Department of the Chiang Mai University Hospital, Thailand from 2000 to 2004.
  • The most common benign bone tumors were giant cell tumor (n = 37), osteochondroma (n = 25), and chondroma (n = 15).
  • The most common malignant bone tumors were lymphoma-leukemia (n = 583), metastatic malignancy (n = 104), plasma cell myeloma (n = 71), and osteosarcoma (n = 58).
  • CONCLUSION: The present study showed a higher frequency of osteosarcoma (68%), lower frequencies of chondrosarcoma (12%) and Ewing sarcoma (4%) among primary non-hematologic malignant bone tumors when compared with similar studies based on Western patients.
  • [MeSH-major] Bone Neoplasms / epidemiology
  • [MeSH-minor] Adolescent. Adult. Aged. Aged, 80 and over. Child. Child, Preschool. Female. Giant Cell Tumors / diagnosis. Giant Cell Tumors / epidemiology. Hospitals, University. Humans. Infant. Male. Middle Aged. Osteochondroma / diagnosis. Osteochondroma / epidemiology. Osteosarcoma / diagnosis. Osteosarcoma / epidemiology. Retrospective Studies. Thailand / epidemiology. World Health Organization

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  • (PMID = 16850677.001).
  • [ISSN] 0125-2208
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of the Medical Association of Thailand = Chotmaihet thangphaet
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Med Assoc Thai
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] Thailand
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9. Cho CH, Jung GH, Song KS, Min BW, Bae KC, Lee KJ: Osteochondroma of the bicipital tuberosity causing an avulsion of the distal biceps tendon. Orthopedics; 2010 Nov;33(11):849
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Osteochondroma of the bicipital tuberosity causing an avulsion of the distal biceps tendon.
  • Osteochondromas are one of the most common benign bone tumors.
  • To date, no reports have described avulsed rupture of the distal biceps tendon caused by an osteochondroma of the bicipital tuberosity.
  • This article presents a case of avulsion of the distal biceps tendon secondary to sessile osteochondroma of the bicipital tuberosity in a 65-year-old right-handed sedentary worker who presented with insidious pain and limited motion in his left elbow for 2 months.
  • The pathologic diagnosis of osteochondroma was confirmed microscopically.
  • We suggest that osteochondroma of the bicipital tuberosity be considered as a cause of painful limitation of forearm rotation or avulsed rupture of the distal biceps tendon.
  • [MeSH-major] Bone Neoplasms / pathology. Muscle, Skeletal / pathology. Osteochondroma / pathology. Tendon Injuries / pathology. Tendons / pathology

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  • [Copyright] Copyright 2010, SLACK Incorporated.
  • (PMID = 21053875.001).
  • [ISSN] 1938-2367
  • [Journal-full-title] Orthopedics
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Orthopedics
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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10. Mnif H, Zrig M, Jawahdou R, Sahnoun N, Koubaa M, Abid A: [An unusual localisation of osteochondroma. A single case report]. Chir Main; 2009 Sep;28(4):247-9
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  • [Title] [An unusual localisation of osteochondroma. A single case report].
  • Solitary osteochondroma is a rare benign tumour of the hand arising from the cortical surface.
  • The authors report an unusual case of osteochondroma of the metacarpal bone with a deficit of extension.
  • The diagnosis was made using imaging techniques and confirmed by histological examination.
  • [MeSH-major] Bone Neoplasms. Metacarpal Bones. Osteochondroma

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  • (PMID = 19482536.001).
  • [ISSN] 1769-6666
  • [Journal-full-title] Chirurgie de la main
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Chir Main
  • [Language] fre
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] France
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11. Ortakoglu K, Akcam T, Sencimen M, Karakoc O, Ozyigit HA, Bengi O: Osteochondroma of the mandible causing severe facial asymmetry: a case report. Oral Surg Oral Med Oral Pathol Oral Radiol Endod; 2007 May;103(5):e21-8
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  • [Title] Osteochondroma of the mandible causing severe facial asymmetry: a case report.
  • Osteochondroma is one of the most common benign tumors of bone.
  • Although osteochondroma is rarely seen in facial region, the cases in literature are usually in the mandibular region, especially around the condyle.
  • In this report, the patient had an osteochondroma in the left condylar region, pushing the condyle seriously to the anterior.
  • [MeSH-major] Facial Asymmetry / etiology. Mandibular Neoplasms / complications. Oral Surgical Procedures / methods. Osteochondroma / complications

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  • (PMID = 17331758.001).
  • [ISSN] 1528-395X
  • [Journal-full-title] Oral surgery, oral medicine, oral pathology, oral radiology, and endodontics
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Oral Surg Oral Med Oral Pathol Oral Radiol Endod
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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12. Lee SK, Jung MS, Lee YH, Gong HS, Kim JK, Baek GH: Two distinctive subungual pathologies: subungual exostosis and subungual osteochondroma. Foot Ankle Int; 2007 May;28(5):595-601
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Two distinctive subungual pathologies: subungual exostosis and subungual osteochondroma.
  • BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to present features that differentiate subungual exostosis from subungual osteochondroma.
  • All were confirmed by radiographic and histologic evaluations to be subungual exostosis or subungual osteochondroma.
  • In the six patients with subungual osteochondroma, four (67%) had a toe lesion, and two (33%) had finger lesions.
  • CONCLUSIONS: Subungual exostosis and subungual osteochondroma are benign but have distinct osseous pathologies.
  • We concluded that subungual exostosis is clinically, developmentally, radiographically, and histologically distinct from subungual osteochondroma.
  • [MeSH-major] Bone Neoplasms / pathology. Exostoses / pathology. Nail Diseases / pathology. Osteochondroma / pathology
  • [MeSH-minor] Adolescent. Adult. Aged. Child. Child, Preschool. Diagnosis, Differential. Female. Humans. Infant. Male. Nails / pathology

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  • (PMID = 17559767.001).
  • [ISSN] 1071-1007
  • [Journal-full-title] Foot & ankle international
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Foot Ankle Int
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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13. Singh R, Jain M, Siwach R, Rohilla RK, Kaur K: Unusual presentation of bizarre parosteal osteochondromatous lesion of the second toe (Nora's lesion). Foot Ankle Spec; 2010 Dec;3(6):347-51
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • Bizarre parosteal osteochondromatous proliferation (BPOP) of bone is a rare benign neoplasm.
  • [MeSH-major] Bone Neoplasms / pathology. Foot Ulcer / pathology. Osteochondroma / pathology. Periosteum / pathology. Toes / pathology

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  • (PMID = 20624925.001).
  • [ISSN] 1938-7636
  • [Journal-full-title] Foot & ankle specialist
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Foot Ankle Spec
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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14. Shintaku WH, Venturin JS, Langlais RP, Clark GT: Imaging modalities to access bony tumors and hyperplasic reactions of the temporomandibular joint. J Oral Maxillofac Surg; 2010 Aug;68(8):1911-21
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • Benign and malignant tumors in the temporomandibular joint (TMJ) are rare.
  • The differential diagnosis for benign hyperplastic bony lesions in the TMJ should include condylar hyperplasia, osteochondroma, osteoma, chondroma, and osteoblastoma.
  • For the differential diagnosis, imaging is the most noninvasive method to evaluate the integrity of the TMJ.
  • To differentiate benign and malignant bony tumors, magnetic resonance imaging has a sensitivity and specificity of 44% and 95%, respectively.
  • [MeSH-major] Bone Neoplasms / diagnosis. Diagnostic Imaging / methods. Head and Neck Neoplasms / diagnosis. Temporomandibular Joint Disorders / diagnosis
  • [MeSH-minor] Cone-Beam Computed Tomography. Humans. Hyperplasia / diagnosis. Magnetic Resonance Imaging. Positron-Emission Tomography. Radiography, Panoramic. Sensitivity and Specificity. Temporomandibular Joint / pathology. Temporomandibular Joint / radiography. Temporomandibular Joint / radionuclide imaging. Tomography, Emission-Computed, Single-Photon. Tomography, X-Ray Computed


15. Roque PJ, Mankin HJ, Malchau H: Proximal femoral allograft: prognostic indicators. J Arthroplasty; 2010 Oct;25(7):1028-33
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • Of the group, 121 patients had malignant tumors of the proximal femur and 29 had benign disorders.
  • With the exception of deaths of disease, no significant outcome difference occurred between the patients with malignant and benign disorders.
  • [MeSH-major] Bone Diseases / surgery. Bone Neoplasms / surgery. Femur / surgery. Femur / transplantation. Hip Joint / surgery
  • [MeSH-minor] Adolescent. Adult. Aged. Child. Child, Preschool. Female. Fibrous Dysplasia of Bone / mortality. Fibrous Dysplasia of Bone / surgery. Gaucher Disease / mortality. Gaucher Disease / surgery. Humans. Kaplan-Meier Estimate. Male. Middle Aged. Osteochondroma / mortality. Osteochondroma / surgery. Osteonecrosis / mortality. Osteonecrosis / surgery. Prognosis. Retrospective Studies. Transplantation, Homologous. Treatment Outcome. Young Adult

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  • [Copyright] Copyright © 2010 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
  • (PMID = 19879727.001).
  • [ISSN] 1532-8406
  • [Journal-full-title] The Journal of arthroplasty
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Arthroplasty
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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16. Romeo S, Hogendoorn PC, Dei Tos AP: Benign cartilaginous tumors of bone: from morphology to somatic and germ-line genetics. Adv Anat Pathol; 2009 Sep;16(5):307-15
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Benign cartilaginous tumors of bone: from morphology to somatic and germ-line genetics.
  • Benign cartilaginous tumors of bones, intrinsic to their name, are tumors forming cartilaginous matrix with a clinically benign behavior.
  • This group includes common tumors, that is, osteochondroma and (en)chondroma as well as rare tumors such as chondroblastoma and chondromyxoid fibroma.
  • Several benign and malignant tumors may mimic benign cartilaginous tumors of bones.
  • We reviewed the main morphologic features and the differential diagnosis is discussed.
  • [MeSH-major] Bone Neoplasms / genetics. Bone Neoplasms / pathology. Cartilage / pathology
  • [MeSH-minor] Adolescent. Adult. Child. Chondroblastoma / genetics. Chondroblastoma / pathology. Chondroma / genetics. Chondroma / pathology. Diagnosis, Differential. Female. Fibroma / genetics. Fibroma / pathology. Germ-Line Mutation. Humans. Immunohistochemistry. Male. Membrane Proteins / analysis. Membrane Proteins / genetics. Membrane Proteins / metabolism. Middle Aged. N-Acetylglucosaminyltransferases / analysis. N-Acetylglucosaminyltransferases / genetics. N-Acetylglucosaminyltransferases / metabolism. Osteochondroma / genetics. Osteochondroma / pathology. Translocation, Genetic

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  • (PMID = 19700940.001).
  • [ISSN] 1533-4031
  • [Journal-full-title] Advances in anatomic pathology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Adv Anat Pathol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Membrane Proteins; EC 2.4.1.- / EXTL2 protein, human; EC 2.4.1.- / N-Acetylglucosaminyltransferases
  • [Number-of-references] 94
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17. Mavrogenis AF, Papagelopoulos PJ, Soucacos PN: Skeletal osteochondromas revisited. Orthopedics; 2008 Oct;31(10)
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  • Skeletal osteochondromas or osteocartilaginous exostoses represent the most common of all benign bone tumors and 10% to 15% of all bone tumors.
  • Osteochondromas are solitary or multiple, pedunculated or sessile exophytic outgrowths from the bone surface that are composed of cortical and medullary bone with an overlying hyaline cartilage cap.
  • Marrow and cortical continuity with the underlying parent bone defines the lesion.
  • In adults, growth or imaging alterations of an osteochondroma suggest the rare diagnosis of malignant transformation; however, extensive growth of osteochondromas without histological evidence of malignancy has been reported
  • [MeSH-major] Bone Neoplasms / diagnosis. Bone Neoplasms / surgery. Diagnostic Imaging / methods. Osteochondroma / diagnosis. Osteochondroma / surgery. Osteotomy / methods

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  • (PMID = 19226005.001).
  • [ISSN] 1938-2367
  • [Journal-full-title] Orthopedics
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Orthopedics
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Number-of-references] 112
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18. Zapata J, Alcaraz M: Osteochondroma of the phalanx: a late Roman case. Homo; 2007;58(4):319-28
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  • [Title] Osteochondroma of the phalanx: a late Roman case.
  • Accounting for 20-50% of all benign forms, solitary osteochondromae are the most common kind of bone tumour.
  • This paper describes an osteochondroma in a proximal phalanx of the hand of a female aged between 17 and 25 years buried in a Late Roman necropolis from SE Spain.
  • The bone displayed a solitary osteochondroma, which was confirmed by macroscopic and radiographic examination.
  • This is the first palaeopathological example of a solitary sessile osteochondroma of the hand.
  • [MeSH-major] Bone Neoplasms / diagnosis. Finger Phalanges / pathology. Osteochondroma / diagnosis

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  • (PMID = 17689539.001).
  • [ISSN] 0018-442X
  • [Journal-full-title] Homo : internationale Zeitschrift für die vergleichende Forschung am Menschen
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Homo
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Historical Article; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Germany
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19. Deirmengian GK, Hebela NM, O'Connell M, Glaser DL, Shore EM, Kaplan FS: Proximal tibial osteochondromas in patients with fibrodysplasia ossificans progressiva. J Bone Joint Surg Am; 2008 Feb;90(2):366-74
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  • BACKGROUND: Fibrodysplasia ossificans progressiva is a rare autosomal dominant disorder characterized by congenital malformation of the great toes and by progressive heterotopic ossification of skeletal muscle and soft connective tissues.
  • The disorder is caused by a recurrent missense mutation in the glycine-serine activation domain of activin A receptor type I, a bone morphogenetic protein (BMP) type-I receptor, in all classically affected individuals.
  • Osteochondromas of the proximal part of the tibia are benign osteochondral neoplasms or orthotopic lesions of skeletal remodeling associated with dysregulated BMP signaling and have been considered an atypical feature of fibrodysplasia ossificans progressiva, but they may be underdiagnosed because of their often asymptomatic nature.
  • Ninety percent of all patients had osteochondroma of the proximal part of the tibia.
  • CONCLUSIONS: Proximal tibial osteochondromas are a common phenotypic feature of fibrodysplasia ossificans progressiva, a finding that expands the recognized consequences of recurrent activating mutations in activin A receptor type I to include not only congenital skeletal malformations and heterotopic skeletogenesis but also benign osteochondral neoplasms or orthotopic lesions of skeletal modeling.
  • The present study provides insight into the genetic basis of osteochondroma formation in patients with fibrodysplasia ossificans progressiva and possibly into that of more common conditions in which these lesions occur.

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  • (PMID = 18245597.001).
  • [ISSN] 1535-1386
  • [Journal-full-title] The Journal of bone and joint surgery. American volume
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Bone Joint Surg Am
  • [Language] ENG
  • [Grant] United States / NIAMS NIH HHS / AR / R01 AR041916; United States / NIAMS NIH HHS / AR / R01-AR41916
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC3516450
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20. Carrera JE, Castillo PA, Molina OM: [Lumbar osteochondroma and radicular compression. A case report]. Acta Ortop Mex; 2007 Sep-Oct;21(5):261-6
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  • [Title] [Lumbar osteochondroma and radicular compression. A case report].
  • [Transliterated title] Osteocondroma de lámina lumbar y compresión radicular. Reporte de un caso.
  • Most cartilage forming tumors are benign and rarely affect the spinal canal, their principal location is in humerus metaphysis, femur and tibia.
  • They represent 2% of all tumors and 2.6% of the benign tumors of the spine, usually located at the cervical spine.
  • It is speculated that the secondary ossification center may be aberrant cartilaginous tissue that causes the formation of osteochondroma.
  • [MeSH-major] Lumbar Vertebrae / surgery. Nerve Compression Syndromes / etiology. Osteochondroma / complications. Spinal Cord Compression / etiology. Spinal Neoplasms / complications. Spinal Nerve Roots

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  • (PMID = 18159915.001).
  • [ISSN] 2306-4102
  • [Journal-full-title] Acta ortopédica mexicana
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Acta Ortop Mex
  • [Language] spa
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Mexico
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21. Baena-Ocampo Ldel C, Ramirez-Perez E, Linares-Gonzalez LM, Delgado-Chavez R: Epidemiology of bone tumors in Mexico City: retrospective clinicopathologic study of 566 patients at a referral institution. Ann Diagn Pathol; 2009 Feb;13(1):16-21
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  • [Title] Epidemiology of bone tumors in Mexico City: retrospective clinicopathologic study of 566 patients at a referral institution.
  • A retrospective analysis of all bone tumors accessioned at a large referral center (Instituto Nacional de Rehabilitacion) in Mexico City between 2000 and 2005 is presented.
  • A total of 6216 biopsies and surgical resection specimens were reviewed during this period, of which 566 corresponded to bone tumors.
  • Benign bone tumors accounted for 71.6% of cases and malignant bone tumors for 28.4%.
  • The commonest malignant bone tumors were osteosarcoma (46.6%) and chondrosarcoma (8.7%).
  • Of malignant bone tumors, 18.6% corresponded to metastases of carcinomas from internal organs and 8.1% were multiple myeloma.
  • The most common benign bone tumor was osteochondroma (43.7%) followed by giant cell tumor of bone (14.6%) and enchondroma (10.1%).
  • The age distribution showed a peak in children and adolescents comprised predominantly of benign lesions and a second peak in young adults that corresponded to malignant bone tumors (principally osteosarcoma).
  • Malignant bone tumors most often involved the femur, vertebra, and tibia.
  • Geographic location does not appear to represent a risk factor for any particular type of bone tumor and does not affect the age distribution, location, or histopathologic type of the lesions.
  • [MeSH-major] Bone Neoplasms / epidemiology. Bone Neoplasms / pathology. Chondrosarcoma / epidemiology. Chondrosarcoma / pathology. Osteosarcoma / epidemiology. Osteosarcoma / pathology
  • [MeSH-minor] Adolescent. Adult. Aged. Aged, 80 and over. Child. Child, Preschool. Chondroma / epidemiology. Chondroma / pathology. Female. Giant Cell Tumors / epidemiology. Giant Cell Tumors / pathology. Giant Cell Tumors / secondary. Humans. Incidence. Infant. Male. Mexico / epidemiology. Middle Aged. Osteochondroma / epidemiology. Osteochondroma / pathology. Referral and Consultation. Retrospective Studies. Risk Factors. Urban Population

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  • (PMID = 19118777.001).
  • [ISSN] 1532-8198
  • [Journal-full-title] Annals of diagnostic pathology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Ann Diagn Pathol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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22. Chin KR, Kim JM: A rare anterior sacral osteochondroma presenting as sciatica in an adult: a case report and review of the literature. Spine J; 2010 May;10(5):e1-4
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  • [Title] A rare anterior sacral osteochondroma presenting as sciatica in an adult: a case report and review of the literature.
  • BACKGROUND CONTEXT: Osteochondroma is the most common primary benign bone tumor and is usually located in the metaphyses of long bones and rarely in the spine or anterior sacrum.
  • To the best of our knowledge, en bloc excision of a solitary osteochondroma of the anterior sacrum in an adult patient has not been previously reported in a peer-reviewed journal.
  • PURPOSE: The purposes of this study were to document the first report of an osteochondroma of the anterior sacrum along with the clinical course and operative management and review the literature on solitary osteochondroma of the sacrum.
  • We also conducted a literature review of solitary sacral osteochondroma in peer-reviewed journals.
  • RESULTS: Histologic studies confirmed the mass to be an osteochondroma without pathologic signs of malignant transformation.
  • A literature review revealed one previous case of en block resection of a solitary osteochondroma, but it involved the posterior sacrum.
  • CONCLUSIONS: Solitary osteochondroma can rarely present in the sacrum as low back pain and sciatica.
  • In general, when osteochondroma causes pain in an adult, we should think that some structure is impinged or that it could have initiated a malignant transformation, so en bloc excision should be used to remove the tumor and histologic studies performed to assess for malignant transformation.
  • [MeSH-major] Osteochondroma / diagnosis. Sacrum. Sciatica / etiology

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  • [Copyright] Copyright 2010 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
  • (PMID = 20421072.001).
  • [ISSN] 1878-1632
  • [Journal-full-title] The spine journal : official journal of the North American Spine Society
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Spine J
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Number-of-references] 18
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23. Le Bellec Y, Asfazadourian H: [Bizarre parosteal osteochondromatous proliferation (Nora's lesion). Two case reports]. Chir Main; 2005 Oct;24(5):265-9
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  • [Transliterated title] Prolifération ostéocartilagineuse parostéale bizarre ou tumeur de Nora. A propos de deux cas.
  • It is a benign lesion, characterized by a proliferation of chondroid, bony and fibrous tissues.
  • The diagnosis can be made thanks to imaging techniques and confirmed by histological examination.
  • [MeSH-major] Bone Neoplasms. Fingers. Osteochondroma
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Diagnosis, Differential. Female. Follow-Up Studies. Humans. Magnetic Resonance Imaging. Male. Middle Aged. Neoplasm Recurrence, Local. Reoperation. Time Factors

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  • (PMID = 16277154.001).
  • [ISSN] 1297-3203
  • [Journal-full-title] Chirurgie de la main
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Chir Main
  • [Language] fre
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Comparative Study; English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] France
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24. Blitz NM, Lopez KT: Giant solitary osteochondroma of the inferior medial calcaneal tubercle: a case report and review of the literature. J Foot Ankle Surg; 2008 May-Jun;47(3):206-12
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  • [Title] Giant solitary osteochondroma of the inferior medial calcaneal tubercle: a case report and review of the literature.
  • Osteochondromas are benign osseous neoplasms with a distinct hyaline cartilage cap originating from the physis and cease growing with skeletal maturity.
  • Osteochondroma are often treated conservatively unless they become symptomatic, painful, demonstrate rapid or new growth, enlarge after skeletal maturity, and/or exhibit signs of malignant transformation.
  • In this report, we present a case of a giant (8 cm x 4.2 cm x 2.1 cm) osteochondroma in an adult occurring on the inferior medial tubercle of the calcaneus that underwent excision, with 3.5 years of follow-up without recurrence.
  • To our knowledge this is the largest osteochondroma affecting the inferior medial tubercle of the calcaneus.
  • This case demonstrates that large osteochondromas may occur in the foot, and also confirms that benign osteochondroma growth may occur in adulthood.
  • A detailed review of osteochondroma occurrence in the foot is presented along with a review of the diagnostic work-up to evaluate for malignant transformation.
  • [MeSH-major] Bone Neoplasms / diagnosis. Calcaneus. Osteochondroma / diagnosis
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Diagnosis, Differential. Female. Humans. Magnetic Resonance Imaging. Severity of Illness Index

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  • (PMID = 18455666.001).
  • [ISSN] 1067-2516
  • [Journal-full-title] The Journal of foot and ankle surgery : official publication of the American College of Foot and Ankle Surgeons
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Foot Ankle Surg
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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25. Abdel MP, Papagelopoulos PJ, Morrey ME, Wenger DE, Rose PS, Sim FH: Surgical management of 121 benign proximal fibula tumors. Clin Orthop Relat Res; 2010 Nov;468(11):3056-62
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  • [Title] Surgical management of 121 benign proximal fibula tumors.
  • BACKGROUND: Tumors of the fibula comprise only 2.5% of primary bone lesions.
  • Patients with aggressive benign tumors in the proximal fibula may require en bloc resection.
  • QUESTIONS/PURPOSES: We therefore analyzed the incidence of peroneal nerve palsy, knee stability, and local recurrence following surgical treatment of benign proximal fibula tumors.
  • METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed the charts of 120 patients (121 tumors) with histologically confirmed aggressive benign tumors of the proximal fibula.
  • The most common diagnosis was osteochondroma (38%) followed by giant cell tumor (19%).
  • [MeSH-major] Bone Neoplasms / surgery. Fibula / surgery. Orthopedic Procedures / adverse effects

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  • (PMID = 20625947.001).
  • [ISSN] 1528-1132
  • [Journal-full-title] Clinical orthopaedics and related research
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Clin. Orthop. Relat. Res.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC2947668
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26. Keser S, Bayar A: Osteochondroma of the talar neck: a rare cause of callosity of the foot dorsum. J Am Podiatr Med Assoc; 2005 May-Jun;95(3):295-7
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  • [Title] Osteochondroma of the talar neck: a rare cause of callosity of the foot dorsum.
  • Osteochondroma is the most common benign bone tumor.
  • It rarely affects rearfoot bones, and only a few cases of talar osteochondroma have been reported.
  • We report a case of a solitary osteochondroma of the talus that presented as a painful callus on the anterior portion of the ankle that was refractory to dermatologic treatment.
  • [MeSH-major] Bone Neoplasms / complications. Callosities / etiology. Osteochondroma / complications. Talus

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  • (PMID = 15901820.001).
  • [ISSN] 8750-7315
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of the American Podiatric Medical Association
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Am Podiatr Med Assoc
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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27. Grainger R, Stuckey S, O'Sullivan R, Davis SR, Ebeling PR, Wluka AE: What is the clinical and ethical importance of incidental abnormalities found by knee MRI? Arthritis Res Ther; 2008;10(1):R18
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  • All required further investigation to exclude non-benign disease, including four with bone marrow expansion (0.7%), requiring further investigation and management.
  • [MeSH-major] Ethics, Clinical. Incidental Findings. Joint Diseases / diagnosis. Knee Joint / pathology. Magnetic Resonance Imaging. Osteoarthritis, Knee / diagnosis
  • [MeSH-minor] Aged. Bone Marrow / pathology. Bone Neoplasms / diagnosis. Chondroma / diagnosis. Female. Humans. Hyperplasia. Incidence. Male. Middle Aged. Multiple Myeloma / diagnosis. Osteochondroma / diagnosis. Popliteal Cyst / diagnosis


28. Sadeghi-Azandaryani M, Mendl N, Rademacher A, Hoffmann U, Steckmeier B, Heyn J: Pseudoaneurysm of the popliteal artery due to osteochondroma of the distal femur. Vasa; 2010 Aug;39(3):274-7
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  • [Title] Pseudoaneurysm of the popliteal artery due to osteochondroma of the distal femur.
  • Osteochondroma is the most common type of benign bone tumour, and is most often found in the knee region.
  • The lesion is usually clinically silent although it may cause different complications such as fractures of the tumour, bone deformities, neurological disorders, malignant transformation and in rare cases vascular disorders.
  • A delay in diagnosis especially of pseudoaneurysm formation may result in life-threatening situations, extensive operations and lengthy hospital stays.
  • We report the case of a 22-year-old woman with an osteochondroma of the distal femur which caused pseudoaneurysm of the popliteal artery.
  • [MeSH-major] Aneurysm, False / etiology. Femoral Neoplasms / complications. Osteochondroma / complications. Popliteal Artery

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  • (PMID = 20737389.001).
  • [ISSN] 0301-1526
  • [Journal-full-title] VASA. Zeitschrift für Gefässkrankheiten
  • [ISO-abbreviation] VASA
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Switzerland
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29. Bovée JV: Multiple osteochondromas. Orphanet J Rare Dis; 2008;3:3
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  • The most important complication is malignant transformation of osteochondroma towards secondary peripheral chondrosarcoma, which is estimated to occur in 0.5-5%.
  • MO is an autosomal dominant disorder and is genetically heterogeneous.
  • The diagnosis is based on radiological and clinical documentation, supplemented with, if available, histological evaluation of osteochondromas.
  • If the exact mutation is known antenatal diagnosis is technically possible.
  • Osteochondromas are benign lesions and do not affect life expectancy.
  • For secondary peripheral chondrosarcoma, en-bloc resection of the lesion and its pseudocapsule with tumour-free margins, preferably in a bone tumour referral centre, should be performed.
  • [MeSH-major] Bone Neoplasms / pathology. Cell Transformation, Neoplastic. Chondrosarcoma / pathology. Exostoses, Multiple Hereditary / diagnosis. Exostoses, Multiple Hereditary / genetics
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Animals. Child. Diagnosis, Differential. Female. Genetic Counseling. Humans. Male. Mutation / genetics. N-Acetylglucosaminyltransferases / genetics. Prognosis. Sex Factors

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  • (PMID = 18271966.001).
  • [ISSN] 1750-1172
  • [Journal-full-title] Orphanet journal of rare diseases
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Orphanet J Rare Dis
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Chemical-registry-number] EC 2.4.1.- / N-Acetylglucosaminyltransferases; EC 2.4.1.224 / exostosin-1; EC 2.4.1.224 / exostosin-2
  • [Number-of-references] 86
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC2276198
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30. Reize F, Buess E: Humeral osteochondroma causing a subscapularis tear: a rare source of shoulder dysfunction. Arch Orthop Trauma Surg; 2007 Jan;127(1):67-70
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Humeral osteochondroma causing a subscapularis tear: a rare source of shoulder dysfunction.
  • The proximal humerus is a well-known site of predilection for the solitary osteochondroma-the most common benign bone tumor.
  • We will present the case of a young man, who had a complete non-traumatic subscapularis tear, where the tendon had been peeled off the lesser tuberosity by an osteochondroma.
  • [MeSH-major] Bone Neoplasms / complications. Humerus. Osteochondroma / complications. Rotator Cuff / injuries

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  • (PMID = 16927096.001).
  • [ISSN] 0936-8051
  • [Journal-full-title] Archives of orthopaedic and trauma surgery
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Arch Orthop Trauma Surg
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Germany
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31. Koplas M, Winalski C, Sundaram M: What's your diagnosis? Osteochondroma with large bursa clinically mimicking malignant transformation. Orthopedics; 2007 Jul;30(7):505, 581-3
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  • [Title] What's your diagnosis? Osteochondroma with large bursa clinically mimicking malignant transformation.
  • Osteochondroma is a common benign entity.
  • Bursa formation about an osteochondroma may clinically and symptomatically mimic malignant degeneration.
  • Magnetic resonance imaging usually permits unequivocal diagnosis distinguishing between secondary bursitis and malignant degeneration.
  • Magnetic resonance imaging also can differentiate other less common benign complications such as pseudoaneurysm formation caused by the exostosis and fracture at the base of the exostosis.
  • [MeSH-major] Bone Neoplasms / diagnosis. Bursitis / etiology. Femur / pathology. Osteochondroma / diagnosis
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Diagnosis, Differential. Humans. Magnetic Resonance Imaging. Male

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  • (PMID = 17672146.001).
  • [ISSN] 0147-7447
  • [Journal-full-title] Orthopedics
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Orthopedics
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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32. Altay M, Bayrakci K, Yildiz Y, Erekul S, Saglik Y: Secondary chondrosarcoma in cartilage bone tumors: report of 32 patients. J Orthop Sci; 2007 Sep;12(5):415-23
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  • [Title] Secondary chondrosarcoma in cartilage bone tumors: report of 32 patients.
  • BACKGROUND: Secondary malignancies arising from benign bone tumors are rare.
  • Their recognition and diagnosis are difficult, and their slow growth and late recurrence require long-term follow-up.
  • In this study, malignant transformation rates of various histological types of benign cartilage-forming bone tumors in large series were evaluated.
  • METHODS: Between 1986 and 2004, a retrospective analysis of 627 cartilage-forming benign bone tumors revealed that 32 patients had malignant transformation.
  • The patient with Ollier's disease had two chondrosarcomas, and one patient with multiple osteochondroma had three chondrosarcomas.
  • The average time between the initial diagnosis and malignant transformation was 9.8 years.
  • CONCLUSIONS: Cartilage-forming benign bone tumors are rather prone to undergo malignant transformation.
  • Although malignant transformation of a benign bone tumor is a rarely encountered situation, orthopedic surgeons should be cautious while following patients with a benign bone neoplasm.
  • [MeSH-major] Bone Neoplasms / pathology. Cartilage / pathology. Chondrosarcoma / secondary. Neoplasms, Second Primary / pathology. Osteochondroma / pathology

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  • (PMID = 17909925.001).
  • [ISSN] 0949-2658
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of orthopaedic science : official journal of the Japanese Orthopaedic Association
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Orthop Sci
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Japan
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33. Mnif H, Koubaa M, Zrig M, Zammel N, Abid A: Peroneal nerve palsy resulting from fibular head osteochondroma. Orthopedics; 2009 Jul;32(7):528
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  • [Title] Peroneal nerve palsy resulting from fibular head osteochondroma.
  • This article describes a case of a 11-year-old boy with an osteochondroma of the peroneal head causing peroneal nerve palsy.
  • Radiological examination showed an osteochondroma in the head of the right fibula.
  • The patient underwent surgical decompression of the right peroneal nerve after resection of the bone tumor.
  • Osteochondroma is a benign tumor consisting of projecting bone capped by cartilage.
  • [MeSH-major] Bone Neoplasms / complications. Bone Neoplasms / surgery. Fibula / surgery. Osteochondroma / complications. Osteochondroma / surgery. Peroneal Neuropathies / etiology. Peroneal Neuropathies / surgery

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  • (PMID = 19634838.001).
  • [ISSN] 1938-2367
  • [Journal-full-title] Orthopedics
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Orthopedics
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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34. Guarneri C, Guarneri F, Risitano G, Lentini M, Vaccaro M: Solitary asymptomatic nodule of the great toe. Int J Dermatol; 2005 Mar;44(3):245-7
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  • Subungual exostosis is a benign osteocartilaginous tumor of the ungual apparatus, particularly of the toes.
  • [MeSH-major] Bone Neoplasms. Osteochondroma. Toes

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  • (PMID = 15807738.001).
  • [ISSN] 0011-9059
  • [Journal-full-title] International journal of dermatology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Int. J. Dermatol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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35. Fukunaga S, Futani H, Yoshiya S: Endoscopically assisted resection of a scapular osteochondroma causing snapping scapula syndrome. World J Surg Oncol; 2007;5:37
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  • [Title] Endoscopically assisted resection of a scapular osteochondroma causing snapping scapula syndrome.
  • BACKGROUND: Osteochondroma is the most common benign bone tumor in the scapula.
  • In the present case, this syndrome was successfully treated by use of endoscopically assisted resection of the osteochondroma.
  • A trans-scapular roentgenogram and computed tomography images revealed an osteochondroma located at the anterior and inferior aspect of the scapula.
  • CONCLUSION: Endoscopically assisted resection of osteochondroma of the scapula provides a feasible technique to treat snapping scapula syndrome and obtain early functional recovery with a short hospital stay and cosmetic advantage.
  • [MeSH-major] Bone Neoplasms / surgery. Endoscopy. Osteochondroma / surgery. Scapula

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  • (PMID = 17378939.001).
  • [ISSN] 1477-7819
  • [Journal-full-title] World journal of surgical oncology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] World J Surg Oncol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC1839090
  • [General-notes] NLM/ Original DateCompleted: 20070726
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36. Aalderink K, Wolf B: Scapular osteochondroma treated with arthroscopic excision using prone positioning. Am J Orthop (Belle Mead NJ); 2010 Feb;39(2):E11-4
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  • [Title] Scapular osteochondroma treated with arthroscopic excision using prone positioning.
  • Osteochondromas, or exostoses, are common benign bone tumors.
  • In this report, we describe the case of a woman in her mid-20s with painful scapular snapping and winging from an osteochondroma treated with arthroscopic excision using prone positioning.
  • [MeSH-major] Arthroscopy / methods. Bone Neoplasms / pathology. Osteochondroma / pathology. Scapula / pathology

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  • (PMID = 20396684.001).
  • [ISSN] 1934-3418
  • [Journal-full-title] American journal of orthopedics (Belle Mead, N.J.)
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Am J. Orthop.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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37. Xi Q, Liang LM, Bu RF: Styloid process osteochondroma. Int J Oral Maxillofac Surg; 2008 Jun;37(6):587-9
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  • [Title] Styloid process osteochondroma.
  • Osteochondroma, a benign tumor of the skeleton and auxiliary tissues, is usually seen around the epiphysis of long bone, flat pelvis, scapula and transverse process of vertebra, but seldom in the head and neck region.
  • The incidence of osteochondroma in the jaw bone only accounts for 0.6% of the whole body incidence, with rare reports of osteochondroma protruding into the oral cavity.
  • Primary osteochondroma in the styloid process has not been reported until now.
  • A case of styloid process osteochondroma and its surgical removal are here described.
  • [MeSH-major] Osteochondroma / diagnosis. Skull Neoplasms / diagnosis. Temporal Bone / pathology
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Humans. Hyoid Bone / pathology. Imaging, Three-Dimensional / methods. Male. Mastoid / pathology. Tomography, X-Ray Computed / methods

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  • (PMID = 18346879.001).
  • [ISSN] 0901-5027
  • [Journal-full-title] International journal of oral and maxillofacial surgery
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Int J Oral Maxillofac Surg
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Denmark
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38. Atik OS, Sarikaya B, Kunat C, Muradi R, Ocaktan B, Topçu H: Osteochondroma of the talus. Eklem Hastalik Cerrahisi; 2010 Aug;21(2):116-7
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  • [Title] Osteochondroma of the talus.
  • Osteochondroma is the most common benign bone tumor, and occurs most frequently in the proximal humerus, tibia, and distal femur.
  • Therefore, we report a patient with osteochondroma of the talus.
  • [MeSH-major] Bone Neoplasms / surgery. Osteochondroma / surgery

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  • (PMID = 20632929.001).
  • [ISSN] 1309-0313
  • [Journal-full-title] Eklem hastalıkları ve cerrahisi = Joint diseases & related surgery
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Eklem Hastalik Cerrahisi
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Turkey
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39. Sakai H, Minemura T, Ito N, Miyazawa H, Kurashina K: Isolated osteochondroma near the mandibular angle. Int J Oral Maxillofac Surg; 2007 Mar;36(3):274-5
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  • [Title] Isolated osteochondroma near the mandibular angle.
  • A benign tumour of osseous and cartilaginous origins, osteochondroma generally develops in osseous tissue and is frequently found near the end of long bones.
  • This is a report on a rare case of osteochondroma in soft tissue near the mandibular angle without pedicle to the bone.
  • [MeSH-major] Head and Neck Neoplasms / pathology. Osteochondroma / pathology. Soft Tissue Neoplasms / pathology

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  • (PMID = 17052896.001).
  • [ISSN] 0901-5027
  • [Journal-full-title] International journal of oral and maxillofacial surgery
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Int J Oral Maxillofac Surg
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Denmark
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40. Feldman F, Van Heertum R, Saxena C, Parisien M: 18FDG-PET applications for cartilage neoplasms. Skeletal Radiol; 2005 Jul;34(7):367-74
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  • A statistically significant maximum SUV cutoff of 2.0 was used to distinguish benign from malignant cartilage neoplasms and correlated with the postoperative histopathologic findings.
  • RESULTS: In 26 operated cases the overall sensitivity of whole-body 18FDG-PET in separating benign and malignant lesions was 90.9% (10/11), specificity 100% (18/18) and accuracy 96.6%.
  • [MeSH-major] Bone Neoplasms / diagnostic imaging. Cartilage Diseases / diagnostic imaging. Fluorodeoxyglucose F18. Positron-Emission Tomography. Radiopharmaceuticals
  • [MeSH-minor] Adolescent. Adult. Aged. Aged, 80 and over. Child. Chondroma / diagnostic imaging. Chondrosarcoma / diagnostic imaging. Female. Humans. Male. Middle Aged. Osteochondroma / diagnostic imaging. Sensitivity and Specificity

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  • (PMID = 15937711.001).
  • [ISSN] 0364-2348
  • [Journal-full-title] Skeletal radiology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Skeletal Radiol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Germany
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Radiopharmaceuticals; 0Z5B2CJX4D / Fluorodeoxyglucose F18
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41. Ozturk C, Tezer M, Hamzaoglu A: Solitary osteochondroma of the cervical spine causing spinal cord compression. Acta Orthop Belg; 2007 Feb;73(1):133-6
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  • [Title] Solitary osteochondroma of the cervical spine causing spinal cord compression.
  • Osteochondromas are common benign tumours of bone that often occur in the metaphysodiaphyseal parts of long bones.
  • We present a case of solitary osteochondroma arising from the C-1 vertebral lamina, causing neurological symptoms.
  • Radiographs, CT and MRI showed a solitary benign appearing expansile bone tumour arising from the left vertebral lamina of C-1, spreading to C-2, exerting an eccentric posterolateral compression on the spinal cord in the left part of the spinal canal and causing stenosis of the left neural foramen between C-1 and C-2.
  • [MeSH-major] Cervical Vertebrae / pathology. Osteochondroma / complications. Spinal Cord Compression / etiology. Spinal Neoplasms / complications
  • [MeSH-minor] Bone Screws. Follow-Up Studies. Humans. Magnetic Resonance Imaging. Male. Middle Aged. Neck Pain / etiology. Orthopedic Fixation Devices. Spinal Fusion. Spinal Stenosis / etiology. Tomography, X-Ray Computed

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  • (PMID = 17441673.001).
  • [ISSN] 0001-6462
  • [Journal-full-title] Acta orthopaedica Belgica
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Acta Orthop Belg
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Belgium
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42. Pasolini MP, Greco M, Trapani F, Testa A, Potena A, Costagliola A, Paciello O: Nasal bone osteochondroma in a horse. Vet Rec; 2009 Apr 25;164(17):534-5
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  • [Title] Nasal bone osteochondroma in a horse.
  • [MeSH-major] Horse Diseases / pathology. Nose Neoplasms / veterinary. Osteochondroma / veterinary

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  • (PMID = 19395721.001).
  • [ISSN] 0042-4900
  • [Journal-full-title] The Veterinary record
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Vet. Rec.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] England
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43. Chen Q, Jin D, Shi Z, Jing Z: [Resection and reconstruction for tumor of pelvic ring]. Zhongguo Xiu Fu Chong Jian Wai Ke Za Zhi; 2008 Jan;22(1):63-5
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  • There were 32 males and 16 females, aged 14-72 years (mean 45.1 years), including 12 cases of benign tumor and 36 cases of malignant tumor.
  • The selection of surgical method: benign tumor in wing of ilium or in sacro-iliac articulation was curettaged, malignant tumors were resected radically or boardly.
  • Benign or malignant tumor in pubis, ischium or pubic symphysis was resected radically, defects were reconstructed with plastic plate or not.
  • RESULTS: Twelve patients with benign tumors were followed up 12-72 months and could walk well, only 1 case relapsed locally.
  • [MeSH-major] Bone Neoplasms / surgery. Hip Joint / surgery. Pelvic Bones / surgery. Pelvic Neoplasms / surgery
  • [MeSH-minor] Acetabulum / surgery. Adult. Aged. Arthroplasty, Replacement, Hip / methods. Female. Follow-Up Studies. Humans. Ilium / surgery. Male. Middle Aged. Osteochondroma / pathology. Osteochondroma / surgery. Postoperative Complications / prevention & control. Retrospective Studies. Sacrum / surgery. Treatment Outcome. Vascular Surgical Procedures / methods. Young Adult

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  • (PMID = 18361241.001).
  • [ISSN] 1002-1892
  • [Journal-full-title] Zhongguo xiu fu chong jian wai ke za zhi = Zhongguo xiufu chongjian waike zazhi = Chinese journal of reparative and reconstructive surgery
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Zhongguo Xiu Fu Chong Jian Wai Ke Za Zhi
  • [Language] chi
  • [Publication-type] English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] China
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44. Hassankhani EG: Solitary lower lumbar osteochondroma (spinous process of L3 involvement): a case report. Cases J; 2009;2:9359
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  • [Title] Solitary lower lumbar osteochondroma (spinous process of L3 involvement): a case report.
  • Solitary osteochondromas, which are the most common benign bone tumors of long bones, are rarely found in the vertebral column.
  • The tumor was excised en bloc through a posterior approach and histopathological examination verified the diagnosis of osteocondroma.Osteochondromas are rarely found in the spine, when present in the spine, however, have a predilection for cervical or upper thoracic region arising usually from lamina of vertebrae and are rare in lumbosacral region and very rare at spinous process of the vertebrae.We present a case of osteochondroma locates in lumbar region and spinous process of vertebrae with unusual presentation and was considered clinically as congenital lumbar kyphosis.

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  • [Cites] J Neurosurg. 1999 Oct;91(2 Suppl):219-22 [10505509.001]
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  • (PMID = 20066066.001).
  • [ISSN] 1757-1626
  • [Journal-full-title] Cases journal
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Cases J
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC2804730
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45. Villanueva J, González A, Cornejo M, Núñez C, Encina S: Osteochondroma of the coronoid process. Med Oral Patol Oral Cir Bucal; 2006 May;11(3):E289-91
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  • [Title] Osteochondroma of the coronoid process.
  • Osteochondroma is the most common benign neoplasia of the skeleton.
  • Osteochondroma of the coronoid process are rare.
  • In panoramic radiographs was evident a coronoid tumor localized in the union of zigomatic arch and bone.
  • Histopatological examinations revealed normal trabecular bone covered with hyaline cartilage.
  • The histopatological diagnosis was osteochondroma.
  • Clinical and pathological aspects, treatment and differential diagnosis with other lesions are discussed.
  • [MeSH-major] Mandibular Neoplasms. Osteochondroma

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  • (PMID = 16648770.001).
  • [ISSN] 1698-6946
  • [Journal-full-title] Medicina oral, patología oral y cirugía bucal
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Med Oral Patol Oral Cir Bucal
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] Spain
  • [Number-of-references] 13
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46. Tsuchiya H, Morsy AF, Matsubara H, Watanabe K, Abdel-Wanis ME, Tomita K: Treatment of benign bone tumours using external fixation. J Bone Joint Surg Br; 2007 Aug;89(8):1077-83
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  • [Title] Treatment of benign bone tumours using external fixation.
  • We present a retrospective study of patients suffering from a variety of benign tumours in whom external fixators were used to treat deformity and limb-length discrepancy, and for the reconstruction of bone defects.
  • The diagnosis was Ollier's disease in 12 limbs, fibrous dysplasia in 11, osteochondroma in eight, giant cell tumour in five, osteofibrous dysplasia in five and non-ossifying fibroma in two.
  • [MeSH-major] Bone Neoplasms / surgery. External Fixators. Fracture Fixation / methods. Neoplasms, Connective Tissue / surgery. Osteochondrodysplasias / surgery. Osteochondroma / surgery

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  • (PMID = 17785749.001).
  • [ISSN] 0301-620X
  • [Journal-full-title] The Journal of bone and joint surgery. British volume
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Bone Joint Surg Br
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] England
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47. Li Y, Dang TA, Shen J, Perlaky L, Hicks J, Murray J, Meyer W, Chintagumpala M, Lau CC, Man TK: Identification of a plasma proteomic signature to distinguish pediatric osteosarcoma from benign osteochondroma. Proteomics; 2006 Jun;6(11):3426-35
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  • [Title] Identification of a plasma proteomic signature to distinguish pediatric osteosarcoma from benign osteochondroma.
  • Osteosarcoma (OS) is the most common malignant bone tumor in children.
  • To identify a plasma proteomic signature that can detect OS, we used SELDI MS to perform proteomic profiling on plasma specimens from 29 OS and 20 age-matched osteochondroma (OC) patients.
  • The classifier based on this plasma proteomic signature may be useful to differentiate malignant bone cancer from benign bone tumors and for early detection of OS in high-risk individuals.
  • [MeSH-major] Biomarkers, Tumor / blood. Blood Proteins / analysis. Bone Neoplasms / metabolism. Osteosarcoma / metabolism. Proteome / analysis
  • [MeSH-minor] Adolescent. Adult. Child. Diagnosis, Differential. Humans. Osteochondroma / diagnosis. Protein Array Analysis. Spectrometry, Mass, Matrix-Assisted Laser Desorption-Ionization

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  • (PMID = 16673437.001).
  • [ISSN] 1615-9853
  • [Journal-full-title] Proteomics
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Proteomics
  • [Language] eng
  • [Grant] United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / CA81465
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] Germany
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Biomarkers, Tumor; 0 / Blood Proteins; 0 / Proteome
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48. Johnston AJ, Andrews CT: Fibular lengthening by Ilizarov method secondary to shortening by osteochondroma of distal tibia. Strategies Trauma Limb Reconstr; 2008 Apr;3(1):45-8
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  • [Title] Fibular lengthening by Ilizarov method secondary to shortening by osteochondroma of distal tibia.
  • Osteochondroma is the most common benign bone tumour.
  • Osteochondroma arising from the distal metaphysis of the tibia typically result in a valgus deformity of the ankle joint secondary to relative shortening of the fibula.
  • This case describes the use of Ilizarov technique for fibular lengthening following excision of a distal tibial osteochondroma.
  • Plain radiographs confirmed a large sessile osteochondroma arising from the postero-lateral aspect of the distal tibia with deformity of the fibula and 15 mm of fibular shortening.

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  • (PMID = 18427924.001).
  • [ISSN] 1828-8936
  • [Journal-full-title] Strategies in trauma and limb reconstruction (Online)
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Strategies Trauma Limb Reconstr
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Italy
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC2291477
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49. Yoshida A, Ushiku T, Motoi T, Shibata T, Beppu Y, Fukayama M, Tsuda H: Immunohistochemical analysis of MDM2 and CDK4 distinguishes low-grade osteosarcoma from benign mimics. Mod Pathol; 2010 Sep;23(9):1279-88
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  • [Title] Immunohistochemical analysis of MDM2 and CDK4 distinguishes low-grade osteosarcoma from benign mimics.
  • Low-grade osteosarcoma is often confused with benign lesions, and ancillary techniques to enhance diagnostic accuracy have been awaited.
  • This study explores the use of MDM2 and CDK4 immunohistochemistry for the histological diagnosis of low-grade osteosarcoma.
  • We studied 23 cases of low-grade osteosarcoma from 21 patients (parosteal osteosarcoma (n=14), low-grade central osteosarcoma (n=9)) and 40 cases of benign histological mimics (myositis ossificans (n=11), fibrous dysplasia (n=14), osteochondroma (n=6), desmoplastic fibroma (n=1), florid reactive periostitis (n=4), Nora's lesion (n=3), and turret exostosis (n=1)).
  • In contrast, only 1 Nora's lesion out of the 40 miscellaneous benign processes showed immunoreactivity for MDM2 or CDK4.
  • The combination of these two markers thus shows 100% sensitivity and 97.5% specificity for the diagnosis of low-grade osteosarcoma.
  • MDM2 and CDK4 immunostains therefore reliably distinguish low-grade osteosarcoma from benign histological mimics, and their combination may serve as a useful adjunct in this difficult differential diagnosis.
  • [MeSH-major] Biomarkers, Tumor / analysis. Bone Neoplasms / diagnosis. Cyclin-Dependent Kinase 4 / analysis. Osteosarcoma / diagnosis. Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-mdm2 / analysis
  • [MeSH-minor] Adolescent. Adult. Aged. Bone Diseases / pathology. Diagnosis, Differential. Female. Humans. Immunohistochemistry. Male. Middle Aged. Retrospective Studies. Young Adult

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  • (PMID = 20601938.001).
  • [ISSN] 1530-0285
  • [Journal-full-title] Modern pathology : an official journal of the United States and Canadian Academy of Pathology, Inc
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Mod. Pathol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Biomarkers, Tumor; EC 2.7.11.22 / CDK4 protein, human; EC 2.7.11.22 / Cyclin-Dependent Kinase 4; EC 6.3.2.19 / MDM2 protein, human; EC 6.3.2.19 / Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-mdm2
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50. Brastianos P, Pradilla G, McCarthy E, Gokaslan ZL: Solitary thoracic osteochondroma: case report and review of the literature. Neurosurgery; 2005 Jun;56(6):E1379; discussion E1379
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  • [Title] Solitary thoracic osteochondroma: case report and review of the literature.
  • OBJECTIVE AND IMPORTANCE: Osteochondromas are common benign bone tumors that rarely arise in the vertebral column.
  • We report a case of a thoracic solitary osteochondroma arising from within the vertebral body, review the cases reported in the literature, and propose recommendations for the surgical management of these challenging lesions.
  • [MeSH-major] Osteochondroma / surgery. Spinal Neoplasms / surgery. Thoracic Vertebrae / pathology. Thoracic Vertebrae / surgery

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  • (PMID = 15918958.001).
  • [ISSN] 1524-4040
  • [Journal-full-title] Neurosurgery
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Neurosurgery
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Number-of-references] 27
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51. van den Berg H, Kroon HM, Slaar A, Hogendoorn P: Incidence of biopsy-proven bone tumors in children: a report based on the Dutch pathology registration "PALGA". J Pediatr Orthop; 2008 Jan-Feb;28(1):29-35
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Incidence of biopsy-proven bone tumors in children: a report based on the Dutch pathology registration "PALGA".
  • INTRODUCTION: Data on childhood bone tumors are mainly confined to reports on malignant tumors or on institutional registries.
  • Incidence figures on both benign and malignant bone tumors in childhood are lacking.
  • METHODS: From January 1999 to December 2003, 1474 newly diagnosed bone tumors in children up to 18 years were registered in Pathologisch Anatomisch Landelijk Geautomatiseerd Archief (the nationwide network and registry of histopathology and cytopathology in The Netherlands).
  • Data provided were diagnosis, date of birth, age at diagnosis, and localization.
  • RESULTS/CONCLUSIONS: Incidence of pathology-proven bone tumors in children is low.
  • Incidence of pathology-proven bone tumors in The Netherlands is 79.3 per 1,000,000.
  • Osteochondromas are the most prevalent tumors, followed by aneurysmal bone cysts.
  • The overall incidence is higher for male compared with female patients, mainly due to different frequencies found in aneurysmal bone cysts, Ewing sarcoma, and osteochondroma.
  • In infants, bone tumors are mainly chondromas and fibrous dysplasia, which both show a steady increase at older ages.
  • A peak incidence at approximately the age of 10 is noted for solitary bone cysts, nonossifying fibromas, and osteoblastomas.
  • [MeSH-major] Bone Neoplasms / epidemiology. Bone Neoplasms / pathology. Registries / statistics & numerical data
  • [MeSH-minor] Adolescent. Adult. Age Distribution. Biopsy. Child. Child, Preschool. Diagnosis, Differential. Female. Humans. Infant. Infant, Newborn. Male. Netherlands / epidemiology. Sex Distribution

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  • (PMID = 18157043.001).
  • [ISSN] 0271-6798
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of pediatric orthopedics
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Pediatr Orthop
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Comparative Study; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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52. González-Otero S, Navarro-Cuéllar C, Escrig-de Teigeiro M, Fernández-Alba-Luengo J, Navarro-Vila C: Osteochondroma of the mandibular condyle: Resection and reconstruction using vertical sliding osteotomy of the mandibular ramus. Med Oral Patol Oral Cir Bucal; 2009 Apr;14(4):E194-7
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  • [Title] Osteochondroma of the mandibular condyle: Resection and reconstruction using vertical sliding osteotomy of the mandibular ramus.
  • Osteochondroma is one of the most common benign bone tumours, although not in the craniofacial region.
  • Computed tomography showed a bony proliferation with benign signs and a scintigraphy revealed an increased uptake in the condyle.
  • [MeSH-major] Mandibular Condyle / surgery. Mandibular Neoplasms / surgery. Osteochondroma / surgery. Osteotomy / methods
  • [MeSH-minor] Bone Plates. Female. Humans. Middle Aged

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  • (PMID = 19333189.001).
  • [ISSN] 1698-6946
  • [Journal-full-title] Medicina oral, patología oral y cirugía bucal
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Med Oral Patol Oral Cir Bucal
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Spain
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53. Xu J, Xu CR, Wu H, Pan HL, Tian J: Osteochondroma in the lumbar intraspinal canal causing nerve root compression. Orthopedics; 2009 Feb;32(2):133
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  • [Title] Osteochondroma in the lumbar intraspinal canal causing nerve root compression.
  • Osteochondromas, which are benign bone tumors that usually develop on long bones, tubular bones, are rarely found in the spine.
  • Considering differential diagnosis, lumbar facet synovial cysts must be excluded as they can also cause myeloradiculopathy with the similar mechanism.
  • Postoperative histopathologic examination confirmed our hypothesis of benign osteochondroma.
  • [MeSH-major] Osteochondroma / complications. Radiculopathy / etiology. Spinal Neoplasms / complications

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  • (PMID = 19301786.001).
  • [ISSN] 1938-2367
  • [Journal-full-title] Orthopedics
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Orthopedics
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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54. Jarkiewicz-Kochman E, Gołebiowski M, Swiatkowski J, Pacholec E, Rajewski R: Tumours of the metatarsus. Ortop Traumatol Rehabil; 2007 May-Jun;9(3):319-30
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  • Single cases of the following tumours have been discussed: giant cell tumour, metastases (lung, prostate gland), chondroblastoma, aneurysmal bone cyst, Ewing's sarcoma, clear cell carcinoma, osteosarcoma, intraosseous ganglion, chondromyxoid fibroma and granuloma.
  • The aim of the present study was to carry out a systematic examination of metatarsal tumours with regard to methods of diagnosis (location) and morphology.
  • RESULTS: Most of the metatarsal tumours were benign.
  • Bone tumours are rarely located in the metatarsus.
  • 4. The frequently unequivocal presentation of metatarsal tumours requires a multidisciplinary diagnosis involving a clinician, a radiologist and a histopathologist.
  • [MeSH-major] Bone Neoplasms / diagnosis. Metatarsal Bones / radiography
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Bone Cysts, Aneurysmal / diagnosis. Diagnosis, Differential. Female. Giant Cell Tumor of Bone / diagnosis. Humans. Magnetic Resonance Imaging. Male. Middle Aged. Osteochondroma / diagnosis. Osteoma / diagnosis. Sarcoma, Synovial / diagnosis. Soft Tissue Neoplasms / diagnosis. Tomography, X-Ray Computed

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  • (PMID = 17721430.001).
  • [ISSN] 1509-3492
  • [Journal-full-title] Ortopedia, traumatologia, rehabilitacja
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Ortop Traumatol Rehabil
  • [Language] eng; pol
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Poland
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55. Boussouga M, Harket A, Bousselmame N, Lazrak K: Bizarre parosteal osteochondromatous proliferation (Nora's lesion) of the forefoot. Acta Orthop Belg; 2008 Aug;74(4):562-5
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  • Nora's tumour is an uncommon benign tumour, involving mostly tubular bones of hands and feet, and characterized by a proliferation of chondroid, bony and fibrous tissues.
  • Main differential diagnoses are osteochondroma, chondrosarcoma, and osteosarcoma.
  • The diagnosis was suspected by imaging characteristic features and was confirmed by histological examination.
  • [MeSH-major] Bone Neoplasms / pathology. Foot Diseases / pathology. Osteochondroma / pathology. Periosteum


56. Mlynski R, Radeloff A, Brunner K, Hagen R: [Exostoses of the external auditory canal. Is the cold water hypothesis valid for patients in continental areas?]. HNO; 2008 Apr;56(4):410-6
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  • INTRODUCTION: Exostoses of the external auditory meatus are benign masses of tympanal bone that can lead to infections of the external auditory meatus in advanced cases and then need surgical treatment.
  • [MeSH-major] Cold Temperature. Ear Canal. Ear Diseases / epidemiology. Osteochondroma / epidemiology. Risk Assessment / methods. Therapeutic Irrigation / statistics & numerical data. Water

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  • (PMID = 17851642.001).
  • [ISSN] 1433-0458
  • [Journal-full-title] HNO
  • [ISO-abbreviation] HNO
  • [Language] ger
  • [Publication-type] English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Germany
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 059QF0KO0R / Water
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57. Zhao CQ, Jiang SD, Jiang LS, Dai LY: Horner Syndrome due to a solitary osteochondroma of C7: a case report and review of the literature. Spine (Phila Pa 1976); 2007 Jul 15;32(16):E471-4
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Horner Syndrome due to a solitary osteochondroma of C7: a case report and review of the literature.
  • OBJECTIVE: To report a 23-year-old woman with osteochondroma of the lower cervical spine who presented with Horner syndrome and to review the relevant literature.
  • SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Osteochondroma is the most common benign lesion of bone but rarely affects the spine.
  • No patients with Horner syndrome due to a solitary cervical osteochondroma have been previously reported in English-language medical literature.
  • CONCLUSION: Vertebral involvement of osteochondroma is rare, especially with neurologic compromise.
  • A young patient is presented with a symptomatic solitary osteochondroma of the seventh cervical vertebra who had Horner syndrome.
  • This case report supports surgical intervention of symptomatic osteochondroma of the cervical spine.
  • [MeSH-major] Cervical Vertebrae / pathology. Horner Syndrome / etiology. Osteochondroma / complications. Osteochondroma / diagnosis. Spinal Neoplasms / complications. Spinal Neoplasms / diagnosis
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Biopsy. Decompression, Surgical. Diagnosis, Differential. Dizziness / etiology. Dizziness / physiopathology. Dyspnea / etiology. Dyspnea / physiopathology. Female. Ganglia, Sympathetic / injuries. Ganglia, Sympathetic / physiopathology. Humans. Neurosurgical Procedures. Tomography, X-Ray Computed. Treatment Outcome. Vagus Nerve / physiopathology. Vagus Nerve Injuries. Vertebral Artery / injuries. Vertebral Artery / physiopathology


58. Joshi D, Kumar N, Singh D, Lal Y, Singh AK: Osteochondroma of the talus in a male adolescent. J Am Podiatr Med Assoc; 2005 Sep-Oct;95(5):494-6
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  • [Title] Osteochondroma of the talus in a male adolescent.
  • Osteochondroma of the talus is rare but must be considered as part of the differential diagnosis of any swelling in this part of the skeleton.
  • This article describes the differential diagnosis and treatment of osteochondroma of the talus in a male adolescent.
  • Careful surgical planning in all cases of benign-appearing lesions of small bones will prevent the recurrence of this lesion and its complications.
  • [MeSH-major] Bone Neoplasms / diagnosis. Osteochondroma / diagnosis
  • [MeSH-minor] Adolescent. Diagnosis, Differential. Humans. Male. Talus

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  • (PMID = 16166471.001).
  • [ISSN] 8750-7315
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of the American Podiatric Medical Association
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Am Podiatr Med Assoc
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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59. Soyer T, Karnak I, Ciftci AO, Senocak ME, Tanyel FC, Büyükpamukçu N: The results of surgical treatment of chest wall tumors in childhood. Pediatr Surg Int; 2006 Feb;22(2):135-9
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  • The diagnosis was malignant tumor in 12 (70%) and benign in 5 (30%).
  • They were Ewing's sarcoma (ES) (n = 4), primitive neuroectodermal tumor (PNET) (n = 3), Askin's tumor (n = 1), rhabdomyosarcoma (RMS) (n = 2), neuroblastoma (n = 2), osteochondroma (n = 1), aneurysmal bone cyst (n = 2) and hamartoma (n = 2).
  • Patients with benign tumor were free of complaints or complications during follow up.
  • Since most of the CWT are malignant and not initially suitable for surgical excision, the management includes tissue diagnosis either by tru-cut or open biopsy.

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  • (PMID = 16328338.001).
  • [ISSN] 0179-0358
  • [Journal-full-title] Pediatric surgery international
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Pediatr. Surg. Int.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] Germany
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60. Abdulkareem FB, Eyesan SU, Akinde OR, Ezembakwe ME, Nnodu OE: Pathological study of bone tumours at the National Orthopaedic Hospital, Lagos, Nigeria. West Afr J Med; 2007 Oct-Dec;26(4):306-11
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Pathological study of bone tumours at the National Orthopaedic Hospital, Lagos, Nigeria.
  • BACKGROUND: Although primary bone tumours are relatively uncommon, they constitute the most important tumours in patients under 20 years.
  • OBJECTIVE: To update the literature on the relative frequency and clinico-pathologic characteristics of bone tumours in this environment.
  • MATERIALS AND METHODS: The clinical and histopathological records of patients presenting with diagnosis of bone tumours between 1999 and 2004 and managed at the National Orthopaedic Hospital, Igbobi, (NOHI) Lagos, Nigeria were review and where necessary, new ones were prepared from the paraffin blocks and stained with routine haematoxylin and eosin stain.
  • RESULTS: Seventy-seven cases were recorded; 61 (79.2%) benign and 16 (15.6%) malignant.
  • The commonest benign bone tumours were osteochondroma and giant cell tumour accounting for 52 (67%) of all cases with > 60% in males.
  • The most common primary malignant bone tumour was osteosarcoma, all in males.
  • Four (5.2%) cases of metastatic bone tumours located commonly in the proximal femur and humerus were also recorded.
  • CONCLUSION: Osteochondroma and giant cell tumours are the commonest benign tumours while osteosarcoma is the most common primary bone tumour all occurring in the first two decades of life.
  • [MeSH-major] Bone Neoplasms / pathology

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  • (PMID = 18705432.001).
  • [ISSN] 0189-160X
  • [Journal-full-title] West African journal of medicine
  • [ISO-abbreviation] West Afr J Med
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Nigeria
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61. Mannoji C, Yamazaki M, Kamegaya M, Saisu T, Minami S, Takahashi K: Paraparesis caused by rib exostosis in a child with Down syndrome: a case report. Spine (Phila Pa 1976); 2008 Nov 1;33(23):E911-3
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Exostoses are the most common benign tumors of bone and often arise from the metaphyses of long bones.
  • [MeSH-major] Bone Neoplasms / complications. Down Syndrome / complications. Exostoses / complications. Osteochondroma / complications. Paraparesis / etiology


62. Somerset HL, Kleinschmidt-DeMasters BK, Rubinstein D, Breeze RE: Osteochondroma of the convexity: pathologic-neuroimaging correlates of a lesion that mimics high-grade meningioma. J Neurooncol; 2010 Jul;98(3):421-6
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  • [Title] Osteochondroma of the convexity: pathologic-neuroimaging correlates of a lesion that mimics high-grade meningioma.
  • Intracranial chondromas are uncommon benign lesions usually attached to dura and located over the convexity of the skull.
  • Osteochondromas are even rarer and additionally contain a benign bony component.
  • Extensive histological sectioning revealed a benign osteochondroma predominantly composed of lobules of hypocellular cartilage.
  • Microdissection of the different components revealed that the multifocal, spicule-like bright foci interpreted as hemorrhage on neuroimaging studies were instead foci of benign bone containing metaplastic bone marrow with trilineage hematopoietic cell populations and adipose tissue.
  • Rare convexity osteochondromas may be mistaken for high-grade meningiomas on neuroimaging studies; their avascular nature, coupled with their complex signal pattern can serve as clues to the correct pre-operative diagnosis.
  • [MeSH-major] Bone Neoplasms / pathology. Dura Mater / pathology. Meningeal Neoplasms / physiopathology. Meningioma / physiopathology. Osteochondroma / pathology

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  • (PMID = 20012156.001).
  • [ISSN] 1573-7373
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of neuro-oncology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Neurooncol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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63. Saglik Y, Altay M, Unal VS, Basarir K, Yildiz Y: Manifestations and management of osteochondromas: a retrospective analysis of 382 patients. Acta Orthop Belg; 2006 Dec;72(6):748-55
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  • Osteochondromas represent the most common primary bone tumours; they reportedly represent 20-50% of all benign bone tumours and 10-15% of all bone tumours.
  • However, deformities and interference with major joint function are the most frequent complaints in patients with hereditary multiple osteochondroma.
  • This article reports observations made on 69 patients with hereditary multiple osteochondroma and 313 patients with solitary osteochondroma, with a mean follow-up of 13.4 years.
  • [MeSH-major] Bone Neoplasms / diagnosis. Bone Neoplasms / surgery. Osteochondroma / diagnosis. Osteochondroma / surgery
  • [MeSH-minor] Adolescent. Adult. Aged. Child. Exostoses, Multiple Hereditary / complications. Exostoses, Multiple Hereditary / diagnosis. Exostoses, Multiple Hereditary / surgery. Female. Humans. Male. Middle Aged. Retrospective Studies

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  • (PMID = 17260614.001).
  • [ISSN] 0001-6462
  • [Journal-full-title] Acta orthopaedica Belgica
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Acta Orthop Belg
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Belgium
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64. Kitsoulis P, Galani V, Stefanaki K, Paraskevas G, Karatzias G, Agnantis NJ, Bai M: Osteochondromas: review of the clinical, radiological and pathological features. In Vivo; 2008 Sep-Oct;22(5):633-46
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • Osteochondroma is the most common benign bone tumor and usually occurs in the metaphyseal region of the long bones.
  • This tumor takes the form of a cartilage-capped bony outgrowth on the surface of the bone.
  • Approximately 15% of osteochondromas occur as multiple lesions in the context of hereditary multiple osteochondromas (HMOs), a disorder that is inherited in an autosomal dominant manner.
  • However, depending on the location of the osteochondroma, significant symptoms may occur as a result of complications such as fracture, bony deformity, mechanical joint problems and vascular or neurologic compromise.
  • The treatment of choice for osteochondroma is surgical unless the skeleton is still immature.
  • Here the clinical, radiological, pathological and pathogenetic features and the treatment modalities of osteochondroma are reviewed.
  • [MeSH-major] Bone Neoplasms / pathology. Bone Neoplasms / radiography. Osteochondroma / pathology. Osteochondroma / radiography

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  • (PMID = 18853760.001).
  • [ISSN] 0258-851X
  • [Journal-full-title] In vivo (Athens, Greece)
  • [ISO-abbreviation] In Vivo
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] Greece
  • [Chemical-registry-number] EC 2.4.1.- / N-Acetylglucosaminyltransferases; EC 2.4.1.224 / exostosin-1; EC 2.4.1.224 / exostosin-2
  • [Number-of-references] 125
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65. Ortega Herrera R, Fernández Segura ME, Gómez de Travecedo Calvo I: [Popliteal mass associated with osteochondroma]. An Pediatr (Barc); 2005 Aug;63(2):185-6
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  • [Title] [Popliteal mass associated with osteochondroma].
  • [Transliterated title] Masa poplítea asociada a osteocondroma.
  • [MeSH-major] Bone Neoplasms / diagnosis. Osteochondroma / diagnosis. Popliteal Cyst / diagnosis
  • [MeSH-minor] Child. Diagnosis, Differential. Humans. Male

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  • (PMID = 16045887.001).
  • [ISSN] 1695-4033
  • [Journal-full-title] Anales de pediatría (Barcelona, Spain : 2003)
  • [ISO-abbreviation] An Pediatr (Barc)
  • [Language] spa
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Spain
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66. Tan C, Allan GS, Barfield D, Krockenberger MB, Howlett R, Malik R: Synovial osteochondroma involving the elbow of a cat. J Feline Med Surg; 2010 May;12(5):412-7
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  • [Title] Synovial osteochondroma involving the elbow of a cat.
  • DIAGNOSIS AND TREATMENT: Plain radiographs, physical findings, the appearance of the lesion at surgery and histopathological examination of biopsy specimens suggested the mass was a synovial osteochondroma arising from synovial membrane near the medial portion of the elbow joint.
  • PRACTICAL RELEVANCE: Practitioners should be alert to the possibility of this benign entity.
  • [MeSH-major] Bone Neoplasms / veterinary. Cat Diseases / diagnosis. Elbow Joint / pathology. Osteochondroma / veterinary
  • [MeSH-minor] Animals. Cats. Diagnosis, Differential. Female. Range of Motion, Articular. Synovial Membrane / pathology. Synovial Membrane / surgery. Treatment Outcome

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  • [Copyright] Copyright 2010 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
  • (PMID = 20417902.001).
  • [ISSN] 1532-2750
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of feline medicine and surgery
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Feline Med. Surg.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] England
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67. Kim S, Lee S, Arsenault DA, Strijbosch RA, Shamberger RC, Puder M: Pediatric rib lesions: a 13-year experience. J Pediatr Surg; 2008 Oct;43(10):1781-5
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  • The patient's diagnosis, sex, symptoms and their duration, radiologic evaluation, biopsy status, surgical procedure, and follow-up were assessed.
  • Sixteen patients (48%) had benign and 17 (52%) had malignant lesions.
  • Within the benign cohort of 16 patients, there were 6 osteochondromas, 4 aneurysmal bone cysts, and 2 fibrous dysplasias as well as 1 of each of the following: enchondroma, periosteal chondroma, eosinophilic granuloma, and chondrophyte.
  • Therefore, proper diagnosis and expeditious treatment are critical.
  • [MeSH-major] Bone Diseases / epidemiology. Ribs / pathology
  • [MeSH-minor] Adolescent. Biopsy. Bone Cysts, Aneurysmal / diagnosis. Bone Cysts, Aneurysmal / epidemiology. Bone Cysts, Aneurysmal / pathology. Bone Cysts, Aneurysmal / surgery. Bone Neoplasms / diagnosis. Bone Neoplasms / drug therapy. Bone Neoplasms / epidemiology. Bone Neoplasms / pathology. Bone Neoplasms / surgery. Boston / epidemiology. Child. Child, Preschool. Chondrosarcoma / diagnosis. Chondrosarcoma / drug therapy. Chondrosarcoma / epidemiology. Chondrosarcoma / pathology. Chondrosarcoma / surgery. Cohort Studies. Combined Modality Therapy. Diagnosis, Differential. Female. Humans. Male. Osteochondroma / diagnosis. Osteochondroma / epidemiology. Osteochondroma / pathology. Osteochondroma / surgery. Osteosarcoma / diagnosis. Osteosarcoma / drug therapy. Osteosarcoma / epidemiology. Osteosarcoma / pathology. Osteosarcoma / surgery. Retrospective Studies. Sarcoma, Ewing / diagnosis. Sarcoma, Ewing / drug therapy. Sarcoma, Ewing / epidemiology. Sarcoma, Ewing / pathology. Sarcoma, Ewing / surgery. Young Adult

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  • (PMID = 18926207.001).
  • [ISSN] 1531-5037
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of pediatric surgery
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Pediatr. Surg.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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68. Arkader A, Dormans JP, Gaugler R, Davidson RS: Spontaneous regression of solitary osteochondroma: reconsidering our approach. Clin Orthop Relat Res; 2007 Jul;460:253-7
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  • [Title] Spontaneous regression of solitary osteochondroma: reconsidering our approach.
  • Osteochondromas are the most common benign bone tumor; nonetheless, the natural history is poorly understood as a result of the low threshold for resection and the fact that many of these lesions are asymptomatic and therefore never diagnosed.
  • We report a case of spontaneous regression of a solitary osteochondroma and review the literature.
  • [MeSH-major] Femoral Neoplasms / radiography. Osteochondroma / radiography
  • [MeSH-minor] Child. Diagnosis, Differential. Female. Humans. Remission, Spontaneous

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  • (PMID = 17620816.001).
  • [ISSN] 0009-921X
  • [Journal-full-title] Clinical orthopaedics and related research
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Clin. Orthop. Relat. Res.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Number-of-references] 24
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69. Marcovici PA, Berdon WE, Liebling MS: Osteochondromas and growth retardation secondary to externally or internally administered radiation in childhood. Pediatr Radiol; 2007 Mar;37(3):301-4
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  • Group II consists of recently described patients who received total body irradiation in preparation for bone marrow transplant (typical dose: 800-1,200 cGy), and about 20% developed osteochondromas and growth retardation.
  • Group III consists of 206 German children who in the 1940s and early 1950s received intravenous radioactive Peteosthor (Ra-224) to treat bone tuberculosis (estimated typical dose: 1,000-2,000 cGy), and 14% developed osteochondromas and growth retardation, among other benign and malignant sequelae.
  • [MeSH-major] Bone Neoplasms / etiology. Growth Disorders / etiology. Osteochondroma / etiology. Radiotherapy / adverse effects
  • [MeSH-minor] Bone Development / radiation effects. Bone Marrow Transplantation. Bone and Bones / radiation effects. Child. Humans. Infant. Neoplasms / radiotherapy. Radiation Dosage. Radiopharmaceuticals / therapeutic use. Radium / therapeutic use. Thorium. Transplantation Conditioning. Tuberculosis, Osteoarticular / radiotherapy. Whole-Body Irradiation

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  • [Cites] Skeletal Radiol. 1997 Mar;26(3):195-8 [9108233.001]
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  • (PMID = 17211603.001).
  • [ISSN] 0301-0449
  • [Journal-full-title] Pediatric radiology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Pediatr Radiol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Germany
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Radiopharmaceuticals; 13233-32-4 / thorium X; 60YU5MIG9W / Thorium; W90AYD6R3Q / Radium
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70. Chamberlain AM, Anderson KL, Hoch B, Trumble TE, Weisstein JS: Benign parosteal osteochondromatous proliferation of the hand originally diagnosed as osteochondroma: a report of two cases and review. Hand (N Y); 2010 Mar;5(1):106-10
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  • [Title] Benign parosteal osteochondromatous proliferation of the hand originally diagnosed as osteochondroma: a report of two cases and review.
  • BPOP is a benign but locally aggressive fibro-osseous mass that has striking clinical, radiographic, and histologic similarities with osteochondroma.
  • Differentiating between the two lesions is important as BPOP often requires more extensive surgical resection and has a higher recurrence rate compared to osteochondroma.
  • This report presents two cases of BPOP where initial clinical diagnosis of osteochondroma was made even after appropriate imaging and histologic samples were evaluated.

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  • [Cites] Arch Orthop Trauma Surg. 1990;110(1):58-60 [2288809.001]
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  • (PMID = 19669236.001).
  • [ISSN] 1558-9455
  • [Journal-full-title] Hand (New York, N.Y.)
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Hand (N Y)
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC2820629
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71. Han IH, Kuh SU: Cervical osteochondroma presenting as brown-sequard syndrome in a child with hereditary multiple exostosis. J Korean Neurosurg Soc; 2009 May;45(5):309-11
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  • [Title] Cervical osteochondroma presenting as brown-sequard syndrome in a child with hereditary multiple exostosis.
  • Cervical cord compression due to osteochondroma in hereditary multiple exostosis (HME) is a rare condition, especially in young children.
  • In this report, we discuss a rare case of cervical osteochondroma presenting as Brown-Sequard syndrome (BSS) in a 7-year-old boy with HME.
  • MR image revealed cord compression by osteochondroma of the C7 lamina.
  • We removed the osteocondroma and the neurological deficit was improved.

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  • [Cites] Eur J Pediatr Surg. 2007 Jun;17(3):210-3 [17638163.001]
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  • (PMID = 19516952.001).
  • [ISSN] 2005-3711
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of Korean Neurosurgical Society
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Korean Neurosurg Soc
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Korea (South)
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC2693794
  • [Keywords] NOTNLM ; Brown-Sequard syndrome / Hereditary multiple exostosis / Osteochondroma
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72. Schnirring-Judge M, Visser J: Resection and reconstruction of an osteochondroma of the hallux: a review of benign bone tumors and a description of an unusual case. J Foot Ankle Surg; 2009 Jul-Aug;48(4):495-505
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  • [Title] Resection and reconstruction of an osteochondroma of the hallux: a review of benign bone tumors and a description of an unusual case.
  • Osteochondroma, which is also known as exostosis, is the most common benign bone tumor.
  • In this review, we describe the clinical and diagnostic imaging characteristics of benign bone tumors and, in particular, the osteochondroma and its surgical management.
  • We also report the case of a patient who experienced an unusual pedal digital osteochondroma-like lesion.
  • [MeSH-major] Bone Neoplasms / surgery. Hallux / surgery. Osteochondroma / surgery
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Diagnosis, Differential. Female. Humans. Neoplasms, Post-Traumatic / pathology. Young Adult

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  • (PMID = 19577730.001).
  • [ISSN] 1542-2224
  • [Journal-full-title] The Journal of foot and ankle surgery : official publication of the American College of Foot and Ankle Surgeons
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Foot Ankle Surg
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Number-of-references] 36
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73. Estrada-Villaseñor E, Delgado Cedillo EA, Rico Martínez G: [Frequency of bone neoplasms in children]. Acta Ortop Mex; 2008 Jul-Aug;22(4):238-42
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  • [Title] [Frequency of bone neoplasms in children].
  • [Transliterated title] Frecuencia de neoplasias óseas en niños.
  • INTRODUCTION: Pediatric age is the group mainly affected by bone tumors.
  • (1) To determine which are the bone tumors and pseudotumoral lesions more frequent in the group of age from 0 to 14 years;.
  • Inclusion criteria were: all cases between January 2000 and December 2006 diagnosed by hystopathological means as bone tumor or pseudotumoral lesion, with an age of presentation between 0 to 14 years were included.
  • RESULTS: Frequency of bone tumors and pseudotumoral lesions in this series were: osteocondroma (44%), osteosarcoma (15.2%), fibrous dysplasia (10.4%) and encondroma (8.8%).
  • We observed differences in the bone tumors or pseudotumor-like lesions frequency between the 3 subgroups of age studied.
  • [MeSH-major] Bone Neoplasms / epidemiology

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  • (PMID = 18979986.001).
  • [ISSN] 2306-4102
  • [Journal-full-title] Acta ortopédica mexicana
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Acta Ortop Mex
  • [Language] spa
  • [Publication-type] Comparative Study; English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Mexico
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74. Maheshwari AV, Jain AK, Dhammi IK: Extraskeletal paraarticular osteochondroma of the knee--a case report and tumor overview. Knee; 2006 Oct;13(5):411-4
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  • [Title] Extraskeletal paraarticular osteochondroma of the knee--a case report and tumor overview.
  • This diagnosis should be considered with the demonstration of a well-circumscribed extraskeletal mineralized mass without any direct continuity with adjacent bone or joint.
  • However, as with other lesions, clinicoradiographic features with histological correlation clinch the diagnosis.
  • We present here such an infrapatellar lesion and discuss criteria helpful in distinguishing these benign lesions from other morphological similar lesions.
  • [MeSH-major] Knee / surgery. Osteochondroma / diagnosis. Soft Tissue Neoplasms / diagnosis

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  • (PMID = 16837200.001).
  • [ISSN] 0968-0160
  • [Journal-full-title] The Knee
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Knee
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] England
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75. Aldea S, Bonneville F, Poirier J, Chiras J, George B, Carpentier A: Acute spinal cord compression in hereditary multiple exostoses. Acta Neurochir (Wien); 2006 Feb;148(2):195-8; discussion 198
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  • Osteocartilaginous exostoses are benign bone tumors frequently found in the metaphysis of long bones but rarely in the spine.
  • We report an additional case of rapidly evolving spinal cord compression due to a cervical osteochondroma in a patient with hereditary multiple exostoses (HME), also known as Bessel Hagen disease.


76. Samartzis D, Marco RA: Osteochondroma of the sacrum: a case report and review of the literature. Spine (Phila Pa 1976); 2006 Jun 1;31(13):E425-9
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  • [Title] Osteochondroma of the sacrum: a case report and review of the literature.
  • OBJECTIVES: To describe the en bloc excision and postoperative outcome of an osteochondroma of the sacrum compressing the neural elements, as well as review the literature on solitary osteochondroma involving the sacrum.
  • SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Osteochondroma is the most common primary benign bone tumor.
  • To the best of our knowledge, en bloc excision of a solitary osteochondroma of the sacrum has not been previously reported.
  • The cavitary defect within the sacrum was reconstructed with crushed cancellous allograft and demineralized bone matrix putty.
  • A literature review of solitary sacral osteochondroma was conducted of the English-based medical literature.
  • RESULTS: Histologic studies showed the tumor to be an osteochondroma.
  • A literature review revealed 4 previous cases addressing osteochondroma of the sacrum.
  • CONCLUSIONS: Osteochondroma is a rare primary benign bone tumor that can occur in the sacrum.
  • [MeSH-major] Orthopedic Procedures. Osteochondroma / surgery. Sacrum. Spinal Neoplasms / surgery

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  • (PMID = 16741444.001).
  • [ISSN] 1528-1159
  • [Journal-full-title] Spine
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Spine
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Number-of-references] 30
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77. Obalum DC, Eyesan SU, Ezembakwe ME, Abdulkareem FB: Pattern of osteochondromas in Lagos, Nigeria. Nig Q J Hosp Med; 2008 Apr-Jun;18(2):69-71
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • Osteochondromas are the most common benign tumours of bone.
  • [MeSH-major] Osteochondroma / epidemiology

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  • (PMID = 19068555.001).
  • [ISSN] 0189-2657
  • [Journal-full-title] Nigerian quarterly journal of hospital medicine
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Nig Q J Hosp Med
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Nigeria
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78. Blazick E, Keeling WB, Armstrong P, Letson D, Back M: Pseudoaneurysm of the superficial femoral artery associated with osteochondroma--a case report. Vasc Endovascular Surg; 2005 Jul-Aug;39(4):355-8
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  • [Title] Pseudoaneurysm of the superficial femoral artery associated with osteochondroma--a case report.
  • Osteochondromas, the most common benign bone tumor, often go undetected and seldom cause significant clinical sequelae.
  • [MeSH-major] Aneurysm, False / etiology. Femoral Artery / diagnostic imaging. Femoral Neoplasms / complications. Osteochondroma / complications. Thromboembolism / etiology. Tibial Arteries / diagnostic imaging

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  • (PMID = 16079946.001).
  • [ISSN] 1538-5744
  • [Journal-full-title] Vascular and endovascular surgery
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Vasc Endovascular Surg
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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79. Kraft D, Hailer NP: [Nora's lesion at the second metacarpal bone of a twelve-year-old female]. Z Orthop Ihre Grenzgeb; 2006 Mar-Apr;144(2):228-31
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  • [Title] [Nora's lesion at the second metacarpal bone of a twelve-year-old female].
  • A high rate of local recurrence of up to 50 % has been noted, but the lesion is benign and does not metastasise.
  • We here report the case of a 12-year-old girl with a BPOP at the second metacarpal bone, thus at an unusual age.
  • The lesion was marginally resected after biopsy, but recurred locally within 2 years, resulting in subtotal resection of the second metacarpal bone, autologous fibula grafting and temporary external fixation.
  • The clinical, plain radiographic and MRI appearance of the lesion and the prominent histological findings are described, and the difficulties in establishing the correct diagnosis in cases of BPOP are discussed.
  • [MeSH-major] Bone Neoplasms / pathology. Bone Neoplasms / radiography. Metacarpal Bones / pathology. Metacarpal Bones / radiography. Osteochondroma / pathology. Osteochondroma / radiography
  • [MeSH-minor] Child. Diagnosis, Differential. Female. Humans

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  • (PMID = 16625456.001).
  • [ISSN] 0044-3220
  • [Journal-full-title] Zeitschrift für Orthopädie und ihre Grenzgebiete
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Z Orthop Ihre Grenzgeb
  • [Language] ger
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Germany
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80. Yoo WH, Kim JR, Jang KY, Lee SY, Park JH: Rapidly developed huge bursitis associated with scapular osteochondroma of the multiple exostosis: a case report. Rheumatol Int; 2009 Jan;29(3):317-9
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  • [Title] Rapidly developed huge bursitis associated with scapular osteochondroma of the multiple exostosis: a case report.
  • Osteochondroma is the most common benign bone tumor and present as multiple masses in the hereditary disorder of multiple hereditary exostosis.
  • Large bursa formation with mechanical symptom has been very rarely reported in osteochondroma in which bursa is over the cap.
  • Here, we first described a patient with multiple hereditary exostosis who had developed huge bursitis on chest wall around the osteochondroma arising from the anterior surface of the right scapula after dumbbell lifting exercise for 3 months, and suggest that cystic mass can develop in any site of osteochondroma and should be early differentiated from malignant transformation of osteochondroma.

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  • [Cites] Am J Clin Pathol. 1981 May;75(5):648-53 [7234751.001]
  • [Cites] Skeletal Radiol. 1991;20(7):513-6 [1754913.001]
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  • (PMID = 18682954.001).
  • [ISSN] 0172-8172
  • [Journal-full-title] Rheumatology international
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Rheumatol. Int.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Germany
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81. Gunay C, Atalar H, Yildiz Y, Saglik Y: Spinal osteochondroma: a report on six patients and a review of the literature. Arch Orthop Trauma Surg; 2010 Dec;130(12):1459-65
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Spinal osteochondroma: a report on six patients and a review of the literature.
  • INTRODUCTION: Osteochondromas are the most common benign tumour of the bone.
  • In the diagnosis of osteochondromas, radiological methods are very important.
  • PURPOSE OF STUDY: Because spinal osteochondroma is very rare, other benign and malign tumours should be kept in mind during differential diagnosis.
  • PATIENTS: Between 1986 and 2009, six patients, four males, two females with an average age of 31.2 (9-65) were diagnosed with spinal osteochondroma at our clinic.
  • Because neurological symptoms are rarely seen, radiological examination is of great importance in diagnosis.
  • CONCLUSIONS: Patients suffering from spinal osteochondroma, due to the risk of secondary chondrosarcoma, must be closely evaluated both clinically and radiologically.
  • If necessary, the patient must be treated surgically following histopathological diagnosis.
  • [MeSH-major] Osteochondroma / diagnosis. Spinal Neoplasms / diagnosis

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  • (PMID = 20107821.001).
  • [ISSN] 1434-3916
  • [Journal-full-title] Archives of orthopaedic and trauma surgery
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Arch Orthop Trauma Surg
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] Germany
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82. Bernard SA, Murphey MD, Flemming DJ, Kransdorf MJ: Improved differentiation of benign osteochondromas from secondary chondrosarcomas with standardized measurement of cartilage cap at CT and MR imaging. Radiology; 2010 Jun;255(3):857-65
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  • [Title] Improved differentiation of benign osteochondromas from secondary chondrosarcomas with standardized measurement of cartilage cap at CT and MR imaging.
  • PURPOSE: To validate a technique for reproducible measurement of the osteochondroma cartilage cap with computed tomography (CT) and magnetic resonance (MR) imaging and to reevaluate the correlation of the thickness of the cartilage cap with pathologic findings to improve noninvasive differentiation of benign osteochondromas from secondary chondrosarcomas.
  • Patient demographic data, histologic diagnosis, and chondrosarcoma grade were recorded.
  • RESULTS: Evaluated were 67 benign osteochondromas (from 49 male patients and 18 female patients; mean age, 23.4 years) and 34 secondary chondrosarcomas (from 27 male patients and seven female patients; mean age, 33.2 years).
  • With 2 cm used as a cutoff for distinguishing benign osteochondromas from chondrosarcomas, the sensitivities and specificities were 100% and 98% for MR imaging and 100% and 95% for CT, respectively.
  • [MeSH-major] Bone Neoplasms / diagnosis. Cartilage / pathology. Exostoses, Multiple Hereditary / diagnosis. Magnetic Resonance Imaging / methods. Osteochondroma / diagnosis. Tomography, X-Ray Computed / methods
  • [MeSH-minor] Adolescent. Adult. Child. Child, Preschool. Diagnosis, Differential. Female. Humans. Male. Middle Aged. Reproducibility of Results. Retrospective Studies. Statistics, Nonparametric


83. Faik A, Mahfoud Filali S, Lazrak N, El Hassani S, Hajjaj-Hassouni N: Spinal cord compression due to vertebral osteochondroma: report of two cases. Joint Bone Spine; 2005 Mar;72(2):177-9
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  • [Title] Spinal cord compression due to vertebral osteochondroma: report of two cases.
  • Osteochondroma, or exostosis, is the most common of all benign bone tumors.
  • Whereas magnetic resonance imaging suggested a neurofibroma, histological features were those of osteochondroma.
  • [MeSH-major] Osteochondroma / complications. Spinal Cord Compression / etiology. Spinal Neoplasms / complications

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  • (PMID = 15797501.001).
  • [ISSN] 1297-319X
  • [Journal-full-title] Joint, bone, spine : revue du rhumatisme
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Joint Bone Spine
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] France
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84. Kim WJ, Kim KJ, Lee SK, Choy WS: Solitary pelvic osteochondroma causing L5 nerve root compression. Orthopedics; 2009 Dec;32(12):922
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  • [Title] Solitary pelvic osteochondroma causing L5 nerve root compression.
  • Osteochondroma is the most common benign bone tumor, accounting for more than one-third of all benign bone tumors.
  • Osteochondroma commonly presents as a painless mass and is incidentally identified via plain radiographs.
  • Osteochondroma located in the pelvis is unusual.
  • Spinal nerve root compressions due to pelvic osteochondroma are also rarely reported.
  • We assessed the solitary pelvic osteochondroma of a 33-year-old man mimicking spinal disease.
  • The L5 nerve root was focally compressed and thinned.En bloc excision, the treatment of choice of symptomatic osteochondroma, was performed.
  • [MeSH-major] Bone Neoplasms / complications. Bone Neoplasms / surgery. Decompression, Surgical / methods. Osteochondroma / complications. Osteochondroma / surgery. Pelvic Bones / radiography. Pelvic Bones / surgery. Radiculopathy / etiology. Radiculopathy / surgery

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  • [Copyright] Copyright 2009, SLACK Incorporated.
  • (PMID = 19968229.001).
  • [ISSN] 1938-2367
  • [Journal-full-title] Orthopedics
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Orthopedics
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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85. Rodallec MH, Feydy A, Larousserie F, Anract P, Campagna R, Babinet A, Zins M, Drapé JL: Diagnostic imaging of solitary tumors of the spine: what to do and say. Radiographics; 2008 Jul-Aug;28(4):1019-41
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  • Hemangioma is the most common benign tumor of the spine.
  • Other primary osseous lesions of the spine are more unusual but may exhibit characteristic imaging features that can help the radiologist develop a differential diagnosis.
  • Because of the complex anatomy of the vertebrae, CT is more useful than conventional radiography for evaluating lesion location and analyzing bone destruction and condensation.
  • The diagnosis of spinal tumors is based on patient age, topographic features of the tumor, and lesion pattern as seen at CT and MR imaging.
  • A systematic approach is useful for recognizing tumors of the spine with characteristic features such as bone island, osteoid osteoma, osteochondroma, chondrosarcoma, vertebral angioma, and aneurysmal bone cyst.
  • In the remaining cases, the differential diagnosis may include other primary spinal tumors, vertebral metastases and major nontumoral lesions simulating a vertebral tumor, Paget disease, spondylitis, echinococcal infection, and aseptic osteitis.
  • [MeSH-major] Magnetic Resonance Imaging / methods. Physician-Patient Relations. Solitary Fibrous Tumors / diagnosis. Spinal Neoplasms / diagnosis. Tomography, X-Ray Computed / methods
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Aged. Aged, 80 and over. Diagnosis, Differential. Female. Humans. Male. Middle Aged


86. Delling G, Jobke B, Burisch S, Werner M: [Cartilage tumors. Classification, conditions for biopsy and histologic characteristics]. Orthopade; 2005 Dec;34(12):1267-81; quiz 1281-2
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  • Primary cartilage-forming tumors of the bone are a large group among the rare bone tumors.
  • Bone biopsy is still the most relevant examination in the final diagnosis of the lesion.
  • Differentiation between benign enchondroma and grade I chondrosarcoma requires close interdisciplinary cooperation to avoid over-treatment and relapse.
  • The morphologic features of mesenchymal chondrosarcoma, clear-cell chondrosarcoma and secondary chondrosarcoma in osteochondroma are demonstrated.
  • The same applies to benign entities such as osteochondroma, chondroblastoma and chondromyxoid fibroma.
  • [MeSH-major] Biopsy / methods. Bone Neoplasms / classification. Bone Neoplasms / pathology. Cartilage / pathology. Neoplasms, Connective Tissue / classification. Neoplasms, Connective Tissue / pathology
  • [MeSH-minor] Diagnosis, Differential. Humans. Practice Guidelines as Topic. Practice Patterns, Physicians'

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  • (PMID = 16322881.001).
  • [ISSN] 0085-4530
  • [Journal-full-title] Der Orthopäde
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Orthopade
  • [Language] ger
  • [Publication-type] English Abstract; Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] Germany
  • [Number-of-references] 30
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87. Yagi M, Ninomiya K, Kihara M, Horiuchi Y: Symptomatic osteochondroma of the spine in elderly patients. Report of 3 cases. J Neurosurg Spine; 2009 Jul;11(1):64-70
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  • [Title] Symptomatic osteochondroma of the spine in elderly patients. Report of 3 cases.
  • Whereas osteochondroma is a common benign bone tumor in adolescence, it is rarely observed in elderly patients.
  • The authors report 3 cases of symptomatic spinal osteochondroma in elderly patients and discuss the possible reasons for the onset of the enlargement of osteochondromas in elderly patients.
  • In the first case, the cervical osteochondroma caused spinal canal compression and occipital nerve irritation.
  • The pathology of psoriatic arthritis was the accelerating bone turnover and ankylosis.
  • Symptomatic osteochondroma of the spine in elderly patients is extremely rare since it typically develops during skeletal growth.
  • In this report, the authors show that pathological accelerating bone turnover such as psoriatic arthritis may be a possible mechanism for the onset of the enlargement of osteochondromas in elderly patients.
  • The age of the patients in this report suggests that growth of the osteochondroma continues after skeletal development.
  • [MeSH-major] Osteochondroma / diagnosis. Osteochondroma / surgery. Spinal Neoplasms / diagnosis. Spinal Neoplasms / surgery

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  • (PMID = 19569943.001).
  • [ISSN] 1547-5654
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of neurosurgery. Spine
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Neurosurg Spine
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Number-of-references] 22
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88. Ribas Mde O, Martins WD, de Sousa MH, Zanferrari FL, Lanzoni T: Osteochondroma of the mandibular condyle: literature review and report of a case. J Contemp Dent Pract; 2007;8(4):52-9
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  • [Title] Osteochondroma of the mandibular condyle: literature review and report of a case.
  • AIM: The intent of this report is to present a brief review of the literature on osteochondroma and to present a case involving the surgical removal and replacement of a major portion of the condyle and angle of the mandible using free autogenous mandibular bone.
  • BACKGROUND: While osteochondroma is the most common tumor of skeletal bones, it is relatively uncommon in the jaws occurring at the condyle or the tip of the coronoid process.
  • This benign cartilage-capped growth is usually discovered incidentally on radiographic examination or on palpation of a protruding mass in the affected area.
  • Malocclusion and progressive facial asymmetry are common findings in most cases of condylar osteochondroma.
  • REPORT: A case of a 29-year-old woman with an osteochondroma of the mandibular condyle is presented.
  • As this lesion is usually asymptomatic and discovered incidentally on radiographic examination, the general practitioner usually is the first professional to make the diagnosis.
  • In this case report the extraoral vertical ramus osteotomy, associated with free autogenous mandibular bone, presented several advantages.
  • [MeSH-major] Mandibular Condyle / surgery. Mandibular Neoplasms / surgery. Oral Surgical Procedures / methods. Osteochondroma / surgery
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Bone Transplantation. Facial Asymmetry / etiology. Facial Asymmetry / surgery. Female. Humans. Osteotomy / methods. Reconstructive Surgical Procedures / methods

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  • (PMID = 17486187.001).
  • [ISSN] 1526-3711
  • [Journal-full-title] The journal of contemporary dental practice
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Contemp Dent Pract
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Number-of-references] 49
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89. Zuntini M, Pedrini E, Parra A, Sgariglia F, Gentile FV, Pandolfi M, Alberghini M, Sangiorgi L: Genetic models of osteochondroma onset and neoplastic progression: evidence for mechanisms alternative to EXT genes inactivation. Oncogene; 2010 Jul 1;29(26):3827-34
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Genetic models of osteochondroma onset and neoplastic progression: evidence for mechanisms alternative to EXT genes inactivation.
  • Osteochondroma, the most common benign bone tumor, may occur as a sporadic lesion or as multiple neoplasms in the context of multiple osteochondromas syndrome.
  • Although both benign conditions have been linked to defects in EXT1 or EXT2 genes, contradictory reports are present in the literature regarding the requirement of their biallelic inactivation for osteochondroma development.
  • [MeSH-major] Bone Neoplasms / genetics. Gene Silencing. N-Acetylglucosaminyltransferases / genetics. Osteochondroma / genetics

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  • (PMID = 20418910.001).
  • [ISSN] 1476-5594
  • [Journal-full-title] Oncogene
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Oncogene
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Chemical-registry-number] EC 2.4.1.- / N-Acetylglucosaminyltransferases; EC 2.4.1.224 / exostosin-1; EC 2.4.1.224 / exostosin-2
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90. Koga M, Toyofuku S, Nakamura Y, Yoshiura K, Kusukawa J, Nakamura Y: Osteochondroma in the mandibular condyle that caused facial asymmetry: a case report. Cranio; 2006 Jan;24(1):67-70
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Osteochondroma in the mandibular condyle that caused facial asymmetry: a case report.
  • Osteochondroma is the most common benign tumor of the axial skeleton, though it is rarely found in the oral and maxillofacial regions.
  • Reported is a case of osteochondroma affecting the mandibular condyle of a 22-year-old Japanese woman.
  • Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) also showed an enlarged condyle with hyperintense bone marrow on a T2-weighted image.
  • Surgical specimen of the lesion revealed osteochondroma of the mandibular condyle head.
  • [MeSH-major] Facial Asymmetry / etiology. Mandibular Condyle / pathology. Mandibular Neoplasms / complications. Osteochondroma / complications

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  • (PMID = 16541848.001).
  • [ISSN] 0886-9634
  • [Journal-full-title] Cranio : the journal of craniomandibular practice
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Cranio
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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91. Wang V, Chou D: Anterior C1-2 osteochondroma presenting with dysphagia and sleep apnea. J Clin Neurosci; 2009 Apr;16(4):581-2
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  • [Title] Anterior C1-2 osteochondroma presenting with dysphagia and sleep apnea.
  • Spinal osteochondromas are rare, benign tumors of the bone.
  • We present the unique case of a solitary osteochondroma of the anterior C1 vertebral arch causing obstructive sleep apnea and dysphagia in a 16-year-old female.
  • To our knowledge, this is the first case of a sporadic osteochondroma arising from the anterior arch of the C1 vertebra causing dysphagia and obstructive apnea in a pediatric patient.


92. Smith SE, Keshavjee S: Primary chest wall tumors. Thorac Surg Clin; 2010 Nov;20(4):495-507
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  • The differential diagnosis of chest wall tumors is diverse, including both benign and malignant lesions (primary and malignant), local extension of adjacent disease, and local manifestations of infectious and inflammatory processes.
  • Primary chest wall tumors are best classified by their primary component: soft tissue or bone.
  • [MeSH-major] Bone Neoplasms / surgery. Soft Tissue Neoplasms / surgery. Thoracic Neoplasms / surgery. Thoracic Wall
  • [MeSH-minor] Chondrosarcoma / surgery. Clavicle / surgery. Fibrous Dysplasia of Bone / surgery. Giant Cell Tumor of Bone / surgery. Histiocytosis, Langerhans-Cell / surgery. Humans. Osteochondroma / surgery. Reconstructive Surgical Procedures. Ribs / surgery. Sternum / surgery

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  • (PMID = 20974433.001).
  • [ISSN] 1547-4127
  • [Journal-full-title] Thoracic surgery clinics
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Thorac Surg Clin
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] United States
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93. Skinner R, Beall DP, Webb HR, Ly JQ, Fish JR: Calcaneal osteochondroma. J Okla State Med Assoc; 2007 Apr;100(4):120-4
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Calcaneal osteochondroma.
  • Osteochondromas are essentially the most common primary bone tumors.
  • These benign cartilage producing neoplasms are generally asymptomatic and have a relatively small potential for adverse effects.
  • Various imaging techniques can be used to characterize these lesions, but in the absence of symptoms or signs of complications, plain-film radiography is usually sufficient for diagnosis as this tumor has a characteristic radiographic appearance.
  • Once this benign tumor is identified and more serious forms of tumor are ruled out, treatment is generally not needed.
  • [MeSH-major] Bone Neoplasms / pathology. Calcaneus. Exostoses, Multiple Hereditary / pathology. Osteochondroma / pathology

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  • (PMID = 17476996.001).
  • [ISSN] 0030-1876
  • [Journal-full-title] The Journal of the Oklahoma State Medical Association
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Okla State Med Assoc
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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94. Jundt G, Baumhoer D: [Hereditary bone tumors]. Pathologe; 2010 Oct;31(6):471-6
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] [Hereditary bone tumors].
  • Familial diseases leading to bone tumor formation are rare.
  • This leads to multiple benign bone tumors, which may undergo secondary malignant transformation (enchondromatosis: enchondromas, multiple hereditary exostoses: osteochondromas) or bone sarcomas, mainly osteosarcomas, such as primary (Li-Fraumeni, Rothmund-Thomson, Werner and Bloom syndromes) or secondary manifestations (retinoblastoma syndrome) of the underlying disease.
  • [MeSH-major] Bone Neoplasms / genetics
  • [MeSH-minor] Chromosome Mapping. Humans. Li-Fraumeni Syndrome / genetics. Li-Fraumeni Syndrome / pathology. Osteochondroma / genetics. Osteochondroma / pathology. Osteosarcoma / genetics. Osteosarcoma / pathology. Retinal Neoplasms / genetics. Retinal Neoplasms / pathology. Retinoblastoma / genetics. Retinoblastoma / pathology. Rothmund-Thomson Syndrome / genetics. Rothmund-Thomson Syndrome / pathology. Transcription, Genetic

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  • (PMID = 20960198.001).
  • [ISSN] 1432-1963
  • [Journal-full-title] Der Pathologe
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Pathologe
  • [Language] ger
  • [Publication-type] English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Germany
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95. Yildirim C, Rodop O, Kuşkucu M, Sahin O, Gamsizkan M: Giant solitary osteochondroma arising from the fifth metatarsal bone: a case report. J Foot Ankle Surg; 2010 May-Jun;49(3):298.e9-298.e15
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  • [Title] Giant solitary osteochondroma arising from the fifth metatarsal bone: a case report.
  • Accounting for 20% to 50% of all benign forms, solitary osteochondroma is the most common bone tumor.
  • Osteochondromas are benign osseous neoplasms with a distinct hyaline cartilage cap originating from the physis, and they cease to grow with skeletal maturity.
  • Treatment of osteochondroma is usually conservative, unless symptoms, usually pain, are progressive or the lesion demonstrates rapid or new growth, or if enlargement after skeletal maturation is noted or malignant transformation is suspected.
  • In this report, we describe the case of an adult with a giant, symptomatic osteochondroma localized to the fifth metatarsal.
  • This case demonstrated that, despite the benign nature of the lesion, a large osteochondroma could localize to a metatarsal.
  • [MeSH-major] Bone Neoplasms / pathology. Metatarsal Bones / pathology. Osteochondroma / pathology

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  • [Copyright] Copyright 2010 American College of Foot and Ankle Surgeons. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
  • (PMID = 20605564.001).
  • [ISSN] 1542-2224
  • [Journal-full-title] The Journal of foot and ankle surgery : official publication of the American College of Foot and Ankle Surgeons
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Foot Ankle Surg
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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96. Makhson AN, Bulycheva IV, Kuz'min IV: [Abnormal (bizarre) paraostial osteochondromatous proliferation (Nora's disease)]. Arkh Patol; 2008 Sep-Oct;70(5):35-8
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  • Bizarre paraostial osteochondromatous proliferation (BPOP) is a reactive process composed of bone and cartilage attached to the surface of a bone, the condition was first described by Nora et al. as a reactive proliferation involving small bones.
  • The benign space-occupying lesion BPOP is verified after wedge resection of the phalanx.
  • [MeSH-major] Bone Neoplasms / pathology. Finger Phalanges / pathology. Osteochondroma / pathology

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  • (PMID = 19137783.001).
  • [ISSN] 0004-1955
  • [Journal-full-title] Arkhiv patologii
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Arkh. Patol.
  • [Language] rus
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Russia (Federation)
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97. Mohammed A, Isa HA: Pattern of primary tumours and tumour-like lesions of bone in Zaria, northern Nigeria: a review of 127 cases. West Afr J Med; 2007 Jan-Mar;26(1):37-41
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Pattern of primary tumours and tumour-like lesions of bone in Zaria, northern Nigeria: a review of 127 cases.
  • BACKGROUND: There has been few published reports of primary bone tumours and tumour-like lesions in Zaria.
  • OBJECTIVE: To determine the relative frequencies of primary bone tumours and tumour-like lesions of bone and the anatomical sites of their occurrence.
  • METHODS: A retrospective review of histopathology reports of all bone specimens received in the Department of Histopathology, Ahmadu Bello University, Teaching Hospital Zaria between 1995 and 2004.
  • Benign Tumours accounted for 38.6% of the tumours while the malignant tumours and the tumour-like lesions made up 39.4% and 22% respectively.
  • Osteochondroma [20(15.7%)] and osteosarcoma [17 (13.4%)] were the most commonly encountered tumours while fibrous dysplasia [26(20.4%)] was the most common tumour-like lesion.
  • CONCLUSION: Bone tumours, of which the most common benign and malignant tumours were osteochondroma and Osteosarcoma respectively appear to be mainly a problem of young adults in Zaria.
  • [MeSH-major] Bone Neoplasms / epidemiology
  • [MeSH-minor] Adolescent. Adult. Age Factors. Aged. Child. Child, Preschool. Female. Geography. Humans. Incidence. Male. Middle Aged. Nigeria / epidemiology. Osteochondroma / pathology. Osteosarcoma / pathology. Retrospective Studies

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  • (PMID = 17595990.001).
  • [ISSN] 0189-160X
  • [Journal-full-title] West African journal of medicine
  • [ISO-abbreviation] West Afr J Med
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Nigeria
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98. Ismail BE, Kissel CG, Husain ZS, Entwistle T: Osteochondroma of the distal tibia in an adolescent: a case report. J Foot Ankle Surg; 2008 Nov-Dec;47(6):554-8
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Osteochondroma of the distal tibia in an adolescent: a case report.
  • Clinical and radiographic inspection revealed marked bowing with a pathologic fracture of the fibula secondary to the laterally outgrowing bone lesion from the distal tibia proximal to the growth plate.
  • Computerized tomography revealed a 2.44 x 4.48-cm bone tumor proximal to the ankle joint, and this was consistent with her complaint of pain and the observed malposition of the distal leg and ankle.
  • Although the radiographic characteristics of the lesion were indicative of osteochondroma, a typically asymptomatic and benign tumor that is usually identified as an incidental finding, the large size and symptoms associated with the lesion described in this article make it rather unusual.
  • [MeSH-major] Bone Neoplasms / complications. Bone Neoplasms / diagnosis. Fractures, Bone / diagnosis. Fractures, Bone / etiology. Osteochondroma / complications. Osteochondroma / diagnosis. Tibia / pathology

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  • (PMID = 19239866.001).
  • [ISSN] 1542-2224
  • [Journal-full-title] The Journal of foot and ankle surgery : official publication of the American College of Foot and Ankle Surgeons
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Foot Ankle Surg
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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99. Endo M, Hasegawa T, Tashiro T, Yamaguchi U, Morimoto Y, Nakatani F, Shimoda T: Bizarre parosteal osteochondromatous proliferation with a t(1;17) translocation. Virchows Arch; 2005 Jul;447(1):99-102
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • Bizarre parosteal osteochondromatous proliferation (BPOP) is a benign lesion that tends to recur repeatedly.
  • Histologically, BPOP contains three components (cartilage, bone, and spindle cells) in differing amounts.
  • [MeSH-major] Bone Neoplasms / genetics. Chromosomes, Human, Pair 1 / genetics. Chromosomes, Human, Pair 17 / genetics. Osteochondroma / genetics. Translocation, Genetic

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  • (PMID = 15926071.001).
  • [ISSN] 0945-6317
  • [Journal-full-title] Virchows Archiv : an international journal of pathology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Virchows Arch.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Germany
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100. Stieber JR, Dormans JP: Manifestations of hereditary multiple exostoses. J Am Acad Orthop Surg; 2005 Mar-Apr;13(2):110-20
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • The solitary osteochondroma, a common pediatric bone tumor, is a cartilage-capped exostosis.
  • Hereditary multiple exostosis is an autosomal dominant disorder manifested by the presence of multiple osteochondromas.
  • Linkage analysis has implicated mutations in the EXT gene family, resulting in an error in the regulation of normal chondrocyte proliferation and maturation that leads to abnormal bone growth.
  • Although exostoses are benign lesions, they are often associated with characteristic progressive skeletal deformities and may cause clinical symptoms.
  • [MeSH-major] Bone and Bones / abnormalities. Exostoses, Multiple Hereditary / complications






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