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1. Leoncini G, Maio V, Puccioni M, Franchi A, De Giorgi V, Ucci F, Santucci M, Massi D: Orbital solitary fibrous tumor: a case report and review of the literature. Pathol Oncol Res; 2008 Jun;14(2):213-7
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Orbital solitary fibrous tumor: a case report and review of the literature.
  • Solitary fibrous tumor (SFT) is a rare spindle cell neoplasm typically arising in the pleura and involving the orbit as its most common extra-pleural location.
  • We herein describe a well documented case of orbital SFT arising in a 62-year-old woman presenting with progressive swelling of the right upper eyelid and proptosis.
  • The tumor had a benign clinical course, with radical surgical excision followed by regression of the clinical symptoms.
  • We review the clinical, histopathological, and immunohistochemical features of the orbital SFT described so far, with particular emphasis on differential diagnosis with other spindle cell orbital neoplasms.
  • [MeSH-major] Orbital Neoplasms / diagnosis. Orbital Neoplasms / surgery. Solitary Fibrous Tumors / diagnosis. Solitary Fibrous Tumors / surgery
  • [MeSH-minor] Diagnosis, Differential. Exophthalmos / etiology. Female. Humans. Immunohistochemistry. Middle Aged. Tomography, X-Ray Computed

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  • (PMID = 18493869.001).
  • [ISSN] 1219-4956
  • [Journal-full-title] Pathology oncology research : POR
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Pathol. Oncol. Res.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] Netherlands
  • [Number-of-references] 26
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2. Percodani J, Rose X, Vergez S, Pessey JJ, Serrano E: [Endonasal endoscopic approach in the treatment of sino-nasal inverted papillomas]. Ann Otolaryngol Chir Cervicofac; 2006 Dec;123(6):312-8
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • INTRODUCTION: Sino-nasal inverted papilloma is a rare benign tumor of the nasal fossa and the paranasal sinuses for which the successful surgical treatment by an endonasal approach has been corroborated in the literature.
  • Fourteen patients were operated using a combined approach, associating either a vestibular (9 cases), a paralateral nasal (3 cases) or a fronto-orbital (2 cases) approach with endonsal endoscopy.
  • CONCLUSIONS: Endoscopic endonasal surgery is a validated surgical approach for the treatment of sino-nasal inverted papilloma in that total tumor removal is possible.
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Aged. Aged, 80 and over. Female. Follow-Up Studies. Humans. Male. Middle Aged. Neoplasm Recurrence, Local. Retrospective Studies. Time Factors

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  • (PMID = 17202989.001).
  • [ISSN] 0003-438X
  • [Journal-full-title] Annales d'oto-laryngologie et de chirurgie cervico faciale : bulletin de la Société d'oto-laryngologie des hôpitaux de Paris
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Ann Otolaryngol Chir Cervicofac
  • [Language] fre
  • [Publication-type] Comparative Study; English Abstract; Evaluation Studies; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] France
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3. Hirschbein MJ, Collins S, Jean WC, Chang SD, Adler JR Jr: Treatment of intraorbital lesions using the Accuray CyberKnife system. Orbit; 2008;27(2):97-105
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • METHODS: This retrospective, non-comparative, interventional case series included 16 patients (6 women and 10 men) with lesions located wholly within the orbit.
  • Thirteen cases involved tumors (31% benign and 69% malignant), two cases presented with chronic orbital inflammation and one patient had intraorbital tissue growth secondary to Graves disease.
  • The main outcome measures analyzed were change in tumor/neoplasm size, pain, visual field preservation and visual acuity, which were followed for up to 15 months.
  • RESULTS: Twelve patients had a postoperative MRI, which revealed either a decrease or stabilization of tumor size.
  • In the five lymphoma cases there was complete disappearance of the tumor.
  • CONCLUSIONS: Staged CyberKnife radiosurgery is an effective option for the treatment of intraorbital lesions that controls tumor size, relieves pain, and preserves vision.
  • [MeSH-major] Orbital Neoplasms / radiotherapy. Orbital Neoplasms / surgery. Radiosurgery / instrumentation. Surgery, Computer-Assisted / instrumentation

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  • (PMID = 18415869.001).
  • [ISSN] 1744-5108
  • [Journal-full-title] Orbit (Amsterdam, Netherlands)
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Orbit
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Multicenter Study; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Contrast Media; 4419T9MX03 / Iohexol
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4. Livaoĝlu M, Cakir E, Karaçal N: Large orbital osteoma arising from orbital roof: Excision through an upper blepharoplasty incision. Orbit; 2009;28(2-3):200-2
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  • [Title] Large orbital osteoma arising from orbital roof: Excision through an upper blepharoplasty incision.
  • Osteoma is the most common benign tumor of facial bony structure.
  • We report a case of intraorbital, pedicled osteoma originating from the left orbital roof.
  • There were not any postoperative complications and all ocular symptoms in the left eye were resolved after 1 month.
  • [MeSH-major] Orbital Neoplasms / diagnosis. Orbital Neoplasms / surgery. Osteoma / diagnosis. Osteoma / surgery
  • [MeSH-minor] Biopsy, Needle. Blepharoplasty / methods. Blepharoptosis / diagnosis. Blepharoptosis / etiology. Follow-Up Studies. Humans. Imaging, Three-Dimensional. Immunohistochemistry. Male. Middle Aged. Neoplasm Staging. Ophthalmologic Surgical Procedures / methods. Risk Assessment. Time Factors. Tomography, X-Ray Computed. Treatment Outcome

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  • (PMID = 19839914.001).
  • [ISSN] 1744-5108
  • [Journal-full-title] Orbit (Amsterdam, Netherlands)
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Orbit
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] England
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5. Ushio M, Takeuchi N, Kikuchi S, Kaga K: Inflammatory pseudotumour of the paranasal sinuses--a case report. Auris Nasus Larynx; 2007 Dec;34(4):533-6
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  • Inflammatory pseudotumour represents benign non-specific granulation, and is uncommon in the head-and-neck region, particularly in the paranasal sinuses.
  • The difficulties in establishing the clinico-pathological diagnosis and treatment are discussed.
  • [MeSH-major] Diplopia / etiology. Granuloma, Plasma Cell / diagnosis. Neoplasm Recurrence, Local / diagnosis. Orbital Neoplasms / diagnosis. Paranasal Sinus Diseases / diagnosis
  • [MeSH-minor] Anti-Inflammatory Agents / administration & dosage. Biopsy. Diagnosis, Differential. Disease Progression. Female. Humans. Magnetic Resonance Imaging. Middle Aged. Neoplasm Invasiveness. Paranasal Sinuses / pathology. Prednisolone / administration & dosage. Tomography, X-Ray Computed

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  • (PMID = 17331689.001).
  • [ISSN] 0385-8146
  • [Journal-full-title] Auris, nasus, larynx
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Auris Nasus Larynx
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Netherlands
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Anti-Inflammatory Agents; 9PHQ9Y1OLM / Prednisolone
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6. Wanyura H, Kamiński A, Stopa Z: Treatment of osteomas located between the anterior cranial base and the face. J Craniomaxillofac Surg; 2005 Aug;33(4):267-75
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  • OBJECTIVE: Osteomas located on the border between the anterior cranial base and the facial region are benign, often asymptomatic and usually slow growing.
  • In all patients a radical surgical removal of the tumour was performed via bifrontal craniotomy, with an extradural approach to the anterior cranial fossa.
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Blepharoptosis / etiology. Diplopia / etiology. Female. Headache / etiology. Humans. Male. Middle Aged. Neoplasm Recurrence, Local / surgery. Orbital Neoplasms / surgery. Retreatment. Treatment Outcome

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  • (PMID = 15975808.001).
  • [ISSN] 1010-5182
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of cranio-maxillo-facial surgery : official publication of the European Association for Cranio-Maxillo-Facial Surgery
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Craniomaxillofac Surg
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Scotland
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7. Jack LS, Smith TL, Ng JD: Frontal sinus osteoma presenting with orbital emphysema. Ophthal Plast Reconstr Surg; 2009 Mar-Apr;25(2):155-7
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Frontal sinus osteoma presenting with orbital emphysema.
  • Osteoma is the most common neoplasm of the paranasal sinuses usually involving the frontal sinus.
  • Osteomas are benign, but can cause serious intracranial or orbital complications.
  • The authors report a frontal sinus osteoma with orbital emphysema in a 16-year-old boy with a history of right-eye swelling after nose blowing.
  • Intraoperatively, strands of mucosa extending from the frontal sinus around the periphery of the mass in the right orbit were seen.
  • The mass was excised and the orbital roof repaired.
  • The osteoma facilitated entrance of sinus air in the orbit, resulting in recurrent orbital emphysema with nose blowing.
  • There was no recurrence of orbital emphysema after resection.
  • [MeSH-major] Emphysema / etiology. Frontal Sinus. Orbital Diseases / etiology. Osteoma / complications. Paranasal Sinus Neoplasms / complications

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  • (PMID = 19300171.001).
  • [ISSN] 1537-2677
  • [Journal-full-title] Ophthalmic plastic and reconstructive surgery
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Ophthal Plast Reconstr Surg
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] United States
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8. Irace C, Davì G, Corona C, Candino M, Usai S, Gambacorta M: Isolated intraorbital schwannoma arising from the abducens nerve. Acta Neurochir (Wien); 2008 Nov;150(11):1209-10
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • CASE REPORT: A case of isolated schwannoma of the orbit, arising from the terminal branches of the abducens nerve to the lateral rectus muscle, is reported.
  • DISCUSSION: Preoperative diagnosis of benign intraorbital neoplasm was made by means of CT and MR scans; the mass was radically excised through a microsurgical lateral orbitotomy and the pathological examination revealed a schwannoma.
  • Features of orbital schwannoma are described, together with some details concerning the surgical strategy and the history of the evolution of the lateral orbitotomy.
  • [MeSH-major] Abducens Nerve / pathology. Abducens Nerve Diseases / pathology. Cranial Nerve Neoplasms / pathology. Neurilemmoma / pathology. Orbit / pathology

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  • (PMID = 18941708.001).
  • [ISSN] 0942-0940
  • [Journal-full-title] Acta neurochirurgica
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Acta Neurochir (Wien)
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Austria
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Biomarkers; 0 / S100 Proteins
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9. Giudice C, Marco R, Mirko R, Luca M, Giorgio C: Zygomatic gland adenoma in a dog: histochemical and immunohistochemical evaluation. Vet Ophthalmol; 2005 Jan-Feb;8(1):13-6
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • Orbital epithelial tumors in dogs are rare and most frequently malignant.
  • Distinguishing their origin from the lacrimal or zygomatic gland is often challenging and is based mostly on tumor location.
  • A case of adenoma involving the orbit in a 13-year-old, female, standard Schnauzer is reported.
  • Histologically, the neoplasm was characterized by nests and cords of epithelial cells mostly forming small glandular structures.
  • The origin of the tumor from the zygomatic gland was determined by histochemical characteristics (alcian blue pH 1 positive staining) of a small remnant of normal gland included within the tumor capsule.
  • The benign nature of our finding was confirmed by follow-up information: 2 years after complete surgical removal of the mass no tumor recurrence or metastases was recorded.
  • [MeSH-major] Adenoma / veterinary. Dog Diseases / diagnosis. Lacrimal Apparatus. Orbital Neoplasms / veterinary
  • [MeSH-minor] Animals. Diagnosis, Differential. Dogs. Female. Immunohistochemistry / veterinary

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  • (PMID = 15644095.001).
  • [ISSN] 1463-5216
  • [Journal-full-title] Veterinary ophthalmology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Vet Ophthalmol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] England
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10. Saetti R, Silvestrini M, Narne S: Ethmoid osteoma with frontal and orbital extension: endoscopic removal and reconstruction. Acta Otolaryngol; 2005 Oct;125(10):1122-5
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Ethmoid osteoma with frontal and orbital extension: endoscopic removal and reconstruction.
  • Endoscopy provides a safe and effective way of treating craniofacial bony benign lesions.
  • This approach permits not only complete removal of the tumour, but also reconstruction of the bony boundaries as necessary.
  • Osteoma is a rare, osteogenic tumour that usually grows slowly and asymptomatically.
  • It is the most frequent benign neoplasm of the nose and paranasal sinuses.
  • Orbital extension is a rare event that can give rise to ocular signs and symptoms; in such a case treatment is mandatory, although debate persists regarding the optimal approach.
  • We report the case of a bulky fronto-ethmo-orbital osteoma that was treated using an endoscopic trans-nasal approach.
  • The medial wall of the orbit was repaired by means of an implant of porous polyethylene endoscopically positioned using an "underlay" technique.
  • A CT scan performed 6 months postoperatively showed good ventilation of the sinonasal cavity and effective reconstruction of the medial orbital wall.
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Endoscopy. Female. Frontal Bone / pathology. Frontal Bone / surgery. Humans. Neoplasm Invasiveness. Orbit / pathology. Orbit / surgery. Reconstructive Surgical Procedures

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  • (PMID = 16298798.001).
  • [ISSN] 0001-6489
  • [Journal-full-title] Acta oto-laryngologica
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Acta Otolaryngol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Norway
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11. Orawiec B, Grałek M, Stefańczyk L, Niwald A: Applicability of ultrasound in ocular tumors in children and adolescents. Klin Oczna; 2005;107(7-9):437-41
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Applicability of ultrasound in ocular tumors in children and adolescents.
  • PURPOSE: Evaluation of the applicability of ultrasound in children diagnosed for neoplasm of the eye.
  • Establishing the value of the obtained data concerning the image of vessels and blood flow for the diagnosis, monitoring the course of disease and results of treatment.
  • MATERIAL AND METHODS: The study comprised 80 patients diagnosed and treated for neoplasm of the eye.
  • The presence of vessels in tumor mass and blood flow in tumors were useful for differentiation between malignant and benign tumors.
  • CONCLUSIONS: Ultrasound methods used significantly improve diagnostic possibilities in orbital tumors in children.
  • The obtained pictures of vessels and flow character are typical for some tumors, which together with histopathology of tumors enables establishing of correct diagnosis.
  • CD/PD ultrasound is helpful in monitoring treatment of selected orbital tumors, enables evaluation of biological evolution of capillary hemangioma and assessment of vascularization degree of tumors treated with chemo- and radiotherapy.

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  • (PMID = 16416991.001).
  • [ISSN] 0023-2157
  • [Journal-full-title] Klinika oczna
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Klin Oczna
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Poland
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12. Burduk PK, Seredyka-Burduk M, Olejarz E: [Giant tumor of the orbit--a case of hidradenoma]. Otolaryngol Pol; 2007;61(6):1017-20
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] [Giant tumor of the orbit--a case of hidradenoma].
  • Orbital tumors are very differential group of lesions.
  • More often a benign lesions is found than malignant.
  • We present a case of 62 years old man with large expansion of benign tumor of the orbit with exophthalmus, eye movement disability and complete blindness.
  • The authors performed radical surgery with removing of the orbit content.
  • Histopathology described a very rare tumor of the orbit-hidradenoma.
  • [MeSH-major] Adenoma, Sweat Gland / diagnosis. Orbital Neoplasms / diagnosis. Sweat Gland Neoplasms / diagnosis

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  • (PMID = 18546956.001).
  • [ISSN] 0030-6657
  • [Journal-full-title] Otolaryngologia polska = The Polish otolaryngology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Otolaryngol Pol
  • [Language] pol
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Poland
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13. Curnoe D, Brink J: Evidence of pathological conditions in the Florisbad cranium. J Hum Evol; 2010 Nov;59(5):504-13
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  • Palaeopathological studies of the middle Pleistocene cranium from Florisbad (Free State, South Africa) document the presence of extensive cortical lesions and areas of thinning, a widened medullary cavity with destruction of the diploë, orbital roof lesions, a benign ectocranial neoplasm, and evidence for alveolar destruction, resorption, and antemortem tooth loss.
  • Differential diagnosis suggests one or more possible aetiologies, including a haematological disorder, metabolic condition(s), Paget's disease of bone, or non-specific infection perhaps following trauma.
  • Moreover, if not directly associated with those on the external vault, orbital lesions alone could have been caused by infection or an indeterminable factor such as pressure from an enlarged organ.

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  • [Copyright] Copyright © 2010 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
  • (PMID = 20727570.001).
  • [ISSN] 1095-8606
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of human evolution
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Hum. Evol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] England
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14. Currie ZI, Rose GE: Long-term risk of recurrence after intact excision of pleomorphic adenomas of the lacrimal gland. Arch Ophthalmol; 2007 Dec;125(12):1643-6
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • METHODS: Medical records were reviewed for 133 patients and only those patients with 5 years or more of follow up were classified into the following 5 subgroups: those with intact excision (group IA, n = 46), those with surgically intact excision but areas of complete attenuation of the pseudocapsule at histologic analysis (group IB, n = 7), those with previous inadvertent incisional biopsy (group IIA, n = 9), those with breach of the pseudocapsule during attempted intact excision (group IIB, n = 5), and those undergoing definitive surgery because of tumor recurrence after previous incomplete excision (group III, n = 5).
  • RESULTS: Seventy-two patients were followed up longer than 5 years; there were no known tumor recurrences among 61 patients excluded with shorter follow-up.
  • Patients in groups IA and IB exhibited no tumor recurrences at 8.2 to 34.1 years of follow-up.
  • A benign recurrence occurred along the superior orbital fissure in 1 patient in group IIA 12(1/2) years after the initial surgery and was resected.
  • Long-term follow-up is, however, necessary when there has been tumor disruption, either inadvertently during previous biopsy or by capsular breach during definitive excision.
  • [MeSH-major] Adenoma, Pleomorphic / pathology. Lacrimal Apparatus Diseases / pathology. Neoplasm Recurrence, Local / diagnosis

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  • (PMID = 18071115.001).
  • [ISSN] 0003-9950
  • [Journal-full-title] Archives of ophthalmology (Chicago, Ill. : 1960)
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Arch. Ophthalmol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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15. Wang Y, Kang L, Xiao L: Infrequent bilateral orbital tumors and simulating lesions: the experience of a Chinese institute. Jpn J Ophthalmol; 2009 Nov;53(6):629-34
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Infrequent bilateral orbital tumors and simulating lesions: the experience of a Chinese institute.
  • PURPOSE: To determine the types, frequency, and clinical features of infrequent bilateral orbital lesions.
  • METHODS: We reviewed 41 cases of either histopathologically or radiologically verified bilateral orbital lesions.
  • Of all cases, 51.2% were benign and 48.8% were malignant.
  • The ocular symptoms and signs presented unilaterally in 18 (43.9%) cases and bilaterally in 23 (56.1%).
  • Of the 15 patients with either metastatic tumors or blood disorders, two (13.3%) had a history of primary neoplasm at presentation.
  • Through the combination of history, bilateral ocular manifestations, radiologic findings, and systemic examinations, the correct diagnosis can be made, which is valuable for early identification of both metastasis and blood disorders.
  • [MeSH-major] Orbital Neoplasms / epidemiology

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  • [Cites] Ophthalmology. 2002 Apr;109(4):753-6 [11927435.001]
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  • (PMID = 20020243.001).
  • [ISSN] 1613-2246
  • [Journal-full-title] Japanese journal of ophthalmology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Jpn. J. Ophthalmol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Japan
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16. Durden FL Jr, Moore CE, Muller S: Verrucous carcinoma of the paranasal sinuses: a case report. Ear Nose Throat J; 2010 Jul;89(7):E21-3
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  • The tumor grows locally invasive but is histologically benign and metastasizes rarely.
  • We present a case of verrucous carcinoma involving the paranasal sinuses, nasal cavity, cranium, and orbit.
  • This case highlights the difficulty of pathologic diagnosis and management options for a rare neoplastic lesion.
  • [MeSH-minor] Biopsy. Endoscopy. Humans. Male. Middle Aged. Nasal Cavity / pathology. Nasal Cavity / radiation effects. Nasal Cavity / surgery. Neoplasm Invasiveness. Neoplasm Staging. Orbital Neoplasms / pathology. Orbital Neoplasms / radiotherapy. Orbital Neoplasms / surgery. Skull / pathology. Skull / radiation effects. Skull / surgery. Skull Neoplasms / pathology. Skull Neoplasms / radiotherapy. Skull Neoplasms / surgery

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  • (PMID = 20628974.001).
  • [ISSN] 1942-7522
  • [Journal-full-title] Ear, nose, & throat journal
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Ear Nose Throat J
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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17. Tsai CY, Wei FC, Chang YL, Chen YY, Chen CT: Vastus lateralis muscle flap used for reconstruction of the maxilla after radical resection of recurrent ameloblastoma. Chang Gung Med J; 2006 May-Jun;29(3):331-5
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  • Maxillary ameloblastoma is a benign odontogenic neoplasm.
  • The recurrent lesion was managed by a total maxillectomy including inferior orbital rim.
  • Simultaneous reconstruction was performed with an iliac crest bone graft for the orbital floor, and a vastus lateralis muscle flap for obliteration of the maxillary sinus and repair the oral and nasal cavities.
  • [MeSH-major] Ameloblastoma / surgery. Maxilla / surgery. Maxillary Neoplasms / surgery. Neoplasm Recurrence, Local / surgery. Surgical Flaps

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  • (PMID = 16924896.001).
  • [ISSN] 2072-0939
  • [Journal-full-title] Chang Gung medical journal
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Chang Gung Med J
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] China (Republic : 1949- )
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18. Jonas NE, Page J, Mukonoweshuro W, Toynton S: Radiology quiz case 1. Benign osteoblastoma. Arch Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg; 2005 Dec;131(12):1116, 1118
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  • [Title] Radiology quiz case 1. Benign osteoblastoma.
  • [MeSH-minor] Adolescent. Humans. Magnetic Resonance Imaging. Male. Neoplasm Invasiveness. Orbital Neoplasms / pathology. Orbital Neoplasms / radiography

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  • (PMID = 16365228.001).
  • [ISSN] 0886-4470
  • [Journal-full-title] Archives of otolaryngology--head & neck surgery
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Arch. Otolaryngol. Head Neck Surg.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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19. Gopalakrishnan R, Simonton S, Rohrer MD, Koutlas IG: Cystic variant of calcifying epithelial odontogenic tumor. Oral Surg Oral Med Oral Pathol Oral Radiol Endod; 2006 Dec;102(6):773-7
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  • [Title] Cystic variant of calcifying epithelial odontogenic tumor.
  • Calcifying epithelial odontogenic tumor (CEOT) is a benign, locally aggressive odontogenic neoplasm characterized by sheets and nests of epithelial cells with deeply eosinophilic or occasionally clear cytoplasm, calcifications, and eosinophilic amorphous material that stains positive for amyloid.
  • It deformed the medial wall, the inferior orbital floor, and caused narrowing of the left inferior meatus.

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  • (PMID = 17138180.001).
  • [ISSN] 1528-395X
  • [Journal-full-title] Oral surgery, oral medicine, oral pathology, oral radiology, and endodontics
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Oral Surg Oral Med Oral Pathol Oral Radiol Endod
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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20. Schmack I, Patel RM, Folpe AL, Wojno T, Zaldivar RA, Balzer B, Kang SJ, Weiss SW, Grossniklaus HE: Subconjunctival herniated orbital fat: A benign adipocytic lesion that may mimic pleomorphic lipoma and atypical lipomatous tumor. Am J Surg Pathol; 2007 Feb;31(2):193-8
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  • [Title] Subconjunctival herniated orbital fat: A benign adipocytic lesion that may mimic pleomorphic lipoma and atypical lipomatous tumor.
  • Prolapse of subconjunctival intraconal orbital fat is a rare cause of an intraorbital mass lesion.
  • Over the past several years, we have seen a number of cases in which this prolapsed fat was confused pathologically with a neoplasm of adipocytic lineage, specifically pleomorphic lipoma and atypical lipomatous neoplasm (well-differentiated liposarcoma).
  • We report the clinical, histopathologic, and immunohistochemical findings in 21 specimens from 17 patients, all of whom presented with prolapsed intraconal orbital fat.
  • Subconjunctival prolapsed orbital fat was localized in the superotemporal quadrant or lateral canthus around the rectus muscle below the lacrimal gland.
  • "Control" sections of normal orbital fat showed occasional Lochkern cells but lacked floret cells.
  • We conclude that subconjunctival herniated orbital fat commonly contains multinucleated floretlike giant cells, fibrous septae, and Lochkern cells, features that may result in diagnostic confusion with pleomorphic lipoma and atypical lipomatous neoplasms.
  • Importantly, specific diagnostic features, such as aggregates of bland spindled cells associated with wiry collagen, as seen in pleomorphic lipoma, and enlarged hyperchromatic cells within fibrous septae, as in atypical lipomatous neoplasms, are entirely absent in herniated orbital fat.
  • Multinucleated floret cells present in prolapsed orbital fat likely represent a reactive phenomenon, as they are not present in normal orbital fat.
  • [MeSH-major] Adipose Tissue / pathology. Conjunctiva / pathology. Conjunctival Diseases / pathology. Eye Neoplasms / diagnosis. Lipoma / diagnosis. Liposarcoma / diagnosis. Orbit / pathology
  • [MeSH-minor] Adipocytes / metabolism. Adipocytes / pathology. Adult. Aged. Aged, 80 and over. Biomarkers / metabolism. Diagnosis, Differential. Female. Humans. Male. Middle Aged. Prolapse. Tomography, X-Ray Computed

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  • (PMID = 17255763.001).
  • [ISSN] 0147-5185
  • [Journal-full-title] The American journal of surgical pathology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Am. J. Surg. Pathol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Grant] United States / NEI NIH HHS / EY / P30-EY06360
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Biomarkers
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21. Wilde F, Neid M, Schulz T, Sterker I, Hemprich A, Frerich B: [Hemangiopericytoma (extrapleural solitary fibrous tumour). Exemplified and discussed on the basis of two cases]. Mund Kiefer Gesichtschir; 2005 Nov;9(6):404-8
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  • [Title] [Hemangiopericytoma (extrapleural solitary fibrous tumour). Exemplified and discussed on the basis of two cases].
  • [Transliterated title] Hämangioperizytom (extrapleuraler solitärer fibröser Tumor). Dargestellt und diskutiert anhand zweier Patientenbeispiele.
  • It is a very uncommon potentially malignant vascular tumour which can occur at every site of the body.
  • The diagnosis of "hemangiopericytoma" is now only determined if a constant histological picture of hemangiopericytoma is present.
  • The tumour can lead to lymphogenous or hematogenous metastasis.
  • CASE REPORTS: Patient 1: 60 years, female; diagnosis: malignant suboccipital hemangiopericytoma; size: 4.9 x 4.5 x 4.2 cm; pT1bNXMX L0 V0 Pn0; stage IA; grading G1; R0.Patient 2: 38 years, male; diagnosis: benign hemangiopericytoma infraorbital left; size 1.5 x 1.5 x 1.5 cm.
  • The slow and painless growth carries the danger of a clinically wrong diagnosis and thus delayed therapy.
  • The histological diagnosis of hemangiopericytoma is determined by biopsy.
  • The therapy of choice is the complete tumour-resection with a safety margin of 1 cm.
  • [MeSH-major] Eyelid Neoplasms / diagnosis. Head and Neck Neoplasms / diagnosis. Hemangiopericytoma / diagnosis. Soft Tissue Neoplasms / diagnosis
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Diagnosis, Differential. Female. Humans. Magnetic Resonance Imaging. Male. Middle Aged. Neoplasm Invasiveness. Neoplasms, Multiple Primary / diagnosis. Neoplasms, Multiple Primary / pathology. Neoplasms, Multiple Primary / surgery. Orbit / pathology. Orbital Neoplasms / diagnosis. Orbital Neoplasms / pathology. Orbital Neoplasms / surgery. Reoperation. Tomography, X-Ray Computed

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  • (PMID = 16220316.001).
  • [ISSN] 1432-9417
  • [Journal-full-title] Mund-, Kiefer- und Gesichtschirurgie : MKG
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Mund Kiefer Gesichtschir
  • [Language] ger
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Germany
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22. Arora R, Monga S, Mehta DK, Raina UK, Gogi A, Gupta SD: Malignant fibrous histiocytoma of the conjunctiva. Clin Exp Ophthalmol; 2006 Apr;34(3):275-8
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  • They can occur in any part of the body including the orbital tissues.
  • Eleven of these were classified as benign, and the rest were malignant fibrous histiocytomas.
  • Benign fibrous histiocytomas have been reported in the orbit, eyelid, episclera and conjunctiva.
  • Malignant fibrous histiocytoma has been well described in the orbit, but rarely as a primary conjunctival tumour.
  • The rarity of the tumour makes its diagnosis and management a challenge.
  • Herein, the clinicopathological features of a case of malignant fibrous histiocytoma are presented and its management with wide excision and cryotherapy followed by ocular reconstruction with amniotic membrane transplant is discussed.
  • [MeSH-minor] Biomarkers, Tumor / metabolism. Humans. Male. Middle Aged. Neoplasm Proteins / metabolism

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  • (PMID = 16671910.001).
  • [ISSN] 1442-6404
  • [Journal-full-title] Clinical & experimental ophthalmology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Clin. Experiment. Ophthalmol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Australia
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Biomarkers, Tumor; 0 / Neoplasm Proteins
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23. Lanuza García A, López Ramos AL, Pinto Bonilla JC, Rodríguez Pereira C, Cortés Vizcaíno V: [Management of lymphoid hyperplasia of the ocular adnexa]. Arch Soc Esp Oftalmol; 2005 Jun;80(6):353-8
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  • [Title] [Management of lymphoid hyperplasia of the ocular adnexa].
  • [Transliterated title] Manejo de las hiperplasias linfoides orbitarias.
  • OBJECTIVE: Lymphoid Hyperplasia (LH) is a benign proliferative lymphocyte-rich process.
  • METHOD: We describe three patients with a lymphoproliferative process affecting the ocular anexae, in whom histologic, immuno-histochemical and molecular studies were performed.
  • PCR analysis allowed a definitive diagnosis to be made.
  • RESULTS: Histologically, all three cases were diagnosed as LH; immuno-histochemically, one was diagnosed as an idiopathic orbital inflammation, and the other two, as LH.
  • CONCLUSIONS: Today's molecular techniques allow us to make a definite diagnosis of lymphoma, because sometimes histology and immuno-histochemistry alone can result in a wrong diagnosis being made.
  • LH of the ocular adnexae may be the first stage of a much more serious disease, and a benign hyperplasia at this site must lead to suspicion of lymphoma, which can then be diagnosed or excluded by the improved diagnostic procedures.
  • Therefore, when we make a diagnosis of LH it is necessary to complete a full evaluation and institute a defined follow-up of the patient's clinical condition.
  • [MeSH-major] Eye Neoplasms / diagnosis. Lacrimal Apparatus / pathology. Lymphoma, B-Cell / diagnosis. Orbital Diseases / diagnosis. Pseudolymphoma / diagnosis
  • [MeSH-minor] Adrenal Cortex Hormones / therapeutic use. Adult. Aged. Child. Corneal Opacity / complications. Corneal Opacity / congenital. DNA, Neoplasm / analysis. Diagnosis, Differential. Female. Humans. Male. Neoplasm Proteins / genetics. Polymerase Chain Reaction. Retrospective Studies

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  • (PMID = 15986276.001).
  • [ISSN] 0365-6691
  • [Journal-full-title] Archivos de la Sociedad Española de Oftalmología
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Arch Soc Esp Oftalmol
  • [Language] spa
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; English Abstract; Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] Spain
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Adrenal Cortex Hormones; 0 / DNA, Neoplasm; 0 / Neoplasm Proteins
  • [Number-of-references] 10
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24. Golub JS, Parikh SL, Budnick SD, Bernardino CR, DelGaudio JM: Inverted papilloma of the nasolacrimal system invading the orbit. Ophthal Plast Reconstr Surg; 2007 Mar-Apr;23(2):151-3
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  • [Title] Inverted papilloma of the nasolacrimal system invading the orbit.
  • This case illustrates the importance of including inverted papilloma, a benign but invasive neoplasm, in the differential diagnosis of nasolacrimal duct obstruction.
  • [MeSH-major] Eye Neoplasms / pathology. Lacrimal Apparatus Diseases / pathology. Nasolacrimal Duct / pathology. Orbital Neoplasms / pathology. Papilloma, Inverted / pathology
  • [MeSH-minor] Aged. Dacryocystorhinostomy. Humans. Male. Neoplasm Invasiveness. Tomography, X-Ray Computed

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  • (PMID = 17413635.001).
  • [ISSN] 0740-9303
  • [Journal-full-title] Ophthalmic plastic and reconstructive surgery
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Ophthal Plast Reconstr Surg
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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25. Oukabli M, Akhaddar A, Qamouss O, Chahdi H, Rimani M, Albouzidi A: [Nasoethmoidal psammomatoid cemento-ossifiying fibroma with intraorbital extension]. Rev Stomatol Chir Maxillofac; 2010 Feb;111(1):43-5
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  • INTRODUCTION: Psammomatoid cemento-ossifying fibroma (PCOF) is a rare benign fibro-osseous lesion.
  • It is slow-growing, progressive, and benign but it can be locally extended and mimic a malignant tumor.
  • OBSERVATION: We report the unusual case of a 36-year-old woman with a nasal and ethmoid PCOF with orbital and endocranial extension.
  • The tumor was revealed by exophthalmia and nasal obstruction.
  • The diagnosis was proven histologicaly on biopsies.
  • Histologically, the differential diagnosis is difficult between fibrous dysplasia or psammomatoid meningioma.
  • [MeSH-major] Ethmoid Sinus / pathology. Fibroma, Ossifying / diagnosis. Nose Neoplasms / diagnosis. Orbital Neoplasms / diagnosis. Paranasal Sinus Neoplasms / diagnosis
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Biopsy. Diagnosis, Differential. Exophthalmos / diagnosis. Female. Humans. Nasal Obstruction / diagnosis. Neoplasm Invasiveness. Skull Neoplasms / diagnosis

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  • (PMID = 19586648.001).
  • [ISSN] 1776-257X
  • [Journal-full-title] Revue de stomatologie et de chirurgie maxillo-faciale
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Rev Stomatol Chir Maxillofac
  • [Language] fre
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] France
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26. Khong JJ, Chen CS, James CL, Huilgol SC, O'Donnell BA, Sullivan TJ, Selva D: Malignant fibrous histiocytoma of the eyelid: differential diagnosis and management. Ophthal Plast Reconstr Surg; 2005 Mar;21(2):103-8
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  • [Title] Malignant fibrous histiocytoma of the eyelid: differential diagnosis and management.
  • The purpose of this study was to present a case series of periocular MFH and to discuss the differential diagnosis and management.
  • Local recurrence occurred in 3 cases, and of these, 1 required orbital exenteration.
  • There were no distant metastases or tumor-related deaths.
  • CONCLUSIONS: This study highlights the difficulties in the clinicopathologic diagnosis of periocular MFH and in particular the distinction of more superficial tumors from atypical fibroxanthoma.
  • [MeSH-major] Eyelid Neoplasms / diagnosis. Eyelid Neoplasms / surgery. Histiocytoma, Benign Fibrous / diagnosis. Histiocytoma, Benign Fibrous / surgery
  • [MeSH-minor] Aged. Aged, 80 and over. Combined Modality Therapy. Diagnosis, Differential. Female. Humans. Lymphatic Metastasis. Male. Neoplasm Recurrence, Local. Ophthalmologic Surgical Procedures. Radiotherapy, Adjuvant. Retrospective Studies

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  • (PMID = 15778662.001).
  • [ISSN] 0740-9303
  • [Journal-full-title] Ophthalmic plastic and reconstructive surgery
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Ophthal Plast Reconstr Surg
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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27. Jakobiec FA, Nguyen J, Bhat P, Fay A: MDM2-positive atypical lipomatous neoplasm/well-differentiated liposarcoma versus spindle cell lipoma of the orbit. Ophthal Plast Reconstr Surg; 2010 Nov-Dec;26(6):413-5
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  • [Title] MDM2-positive atypical lipomatous neoplasm/well-differentiated liposarcoma versus spindle cell lipoma of the orbit.
  • PURPOSE: To distinguish, in a 36-year-old man, an atypical lipomatous neoplasm/well-differentiated liposarcoma from a spindle cell lipoma in a recurrent orbital tumor.
  • RESULTS: MDM2 gene amplification was discovered in the CD34 tumor cells.
  • These findings established the diagnosis of a well-differentiated liposarcoma with lipoma-like and spindle cell features and ruled out a spindle cell lipoma.
  • CONCLUSION: Well-differentiated liposarcoma is a slow growing, infiltrative, and nonmetastasizing neoplasm that is microscopically and diagnostically challenging.
  • It can be reliably separated from a benign spindle cell or an atypical lipoma by using the markers MDM2 and Ki-67.
  • [MeSH-major] Biomarkers, Tumor / analysis. Lipoma / diagnosis. Liposarcoma / diagnosis. Orbital Neoplasms / diagnosis. Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-mdm2 / analysis

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  • (PMID = 20639786.001).
  • [ISSN] 1537-2677
  • [Journal-full-title] Ophthalmic plastic and reconstructive surgery
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Ophthal Plast Reconstr Surg
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Actins; 0 / Antigens, CD34; 0 / Biomarkers, Tumor; 0 / Ki-67 Antigen; 0 / Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-bcl-2; 0 / S100 Proteins; 9013-56-3 / Factor XIII; EC 6.3.2.19 / MDM2 protein, human; EC 6.3.2.19 / Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-mdm2
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28. Asensio Sánchez VM, Alonso M, Sierra JM: [Positron emission tomography in the diagnosis of orbital relapse of choroidal melanoma]. Arch Soc Esp Oftalmol; 2005 Feb;80(2):113-5
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  • [Title] [Positron emission tomography in the diagnosis of orbital relapse of choroidal melanoma].
  • [Transliterated title] Tomografía por emisión de positrones en el diagnóstico de recidiva orbitaria de un melanoma de coroides.
  • Three years later MRI demonstrated images compatible with recurrent tumor in the orbit.
  • DISCUSSION: In patients after enucleation of choroidal melanoma, conventional imaging techniques can fail to establish differentiation between malignant from post-surgery and benign anatomic abnormalities in orbital tissue that can be detected by PET scanning.
  • [MeSH-major] Choroid Neoplasms / pathology. Melanoma / secondary. Neoplasm Recurrence, Local / diagnosis. Orbit / pathology. Orbital Neoplasms / secondary. Positron-Emission Tomography
  • [MeSH-minor] Aged. Diagnosis, Differential. Humans. Magnetic Resonance Imaging. Male

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  • (PMID = 15750891.001).
  • [ISSN] 0365-6691
  • [Journal-full-title] Archivos de la Sociedad Española de Oftalmología
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Arch Soc Esp Oftalmol
  • [Language] spa
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Spain
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29. Bikmaz K, Mrak R, Al-Mefty O: Management of bone-invasive, hyperostotic sphenoid wing meningiomas. J Neurosurg; 2007 Nov;107(5):905-12
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  • OBJECT: The hyperostosis frequently associated with sphenoid wing meningiomas is actual invasion of bone by the tumor.
  • The intracranial portion of the tumor is usually thin with en plaque spread, and the tumor tends to invade the orbit through the superior orbital fissure.
  • Seventeen of the patients had the distinguishing characteristics of hyperostotic sphenoid wing meningiomas-extensive bone invasion, en plaque dural involvement, and a minimal intracranial mass with minimal orbital involvement.
  • Revision of the orbital reconstruction was required because of postoperative enophthalmos (two cases) or restricted postoperative ocular movement (one case).
  • These lesions are generally histologically benign.
  • [MeSH-major] Hyperostosis / pathology. Meningeal Neoplasms / pathology. Meningeal Neoplasms / surgery. Meningioma / surgery. Neoplasm Invasiveness / pathology. Orbit / pathology
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Aged. Dura Mater / surgery. Female. Follow-Up Studies. Humans. Ki-67 Antigen / analysis. Male. Middle Aged. Neoplasm Recurrence, Local. Receptors, Estrogen / analysis. Receptors, Progesterone / analysis. Treatment Outcome

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  • (PMID = 17977259.001).
  • [ISSN] 0022-3085
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of neurosurgery
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Neurosurg.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Ki-67 Antigen; 0 / Receptors, Estrogen; 0 / Receptors, Progesterone
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30. Meli GA, Meli L, Chiaramonte R, Riva G, Pero G: Osteoblastoma of the orbit. A case report and review of the literature. Neuroradiol J; 2008 Feb 18;21(1):71-6
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  • [Title] Osteoblastoma of the orbit. A case report and review of the literature.
  • We describe a case of benign orbital tumour involving the frontal sinus and ethmoidal cells.
  • CT findings were typical of "bone tumour of the orbit", histological analysis yielded a diagnosis of benign osteoblastoma.
  • The orbit is rarely involved by bone tumours, but all bone tumours may theoretically involve the orbit, often making it difficult to establish the right differential diagnosis by imaging.
  • Even though many literature reports suggest CT is the landmark in bone tumour diagnosis, we think it should always be accompanied by MRI.
  • MRI is known to overestimate local staging, but its contribution to differential diagnosis among various tumours may be decisive.

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  • (PMID = 24256752.001).
  • [ISSN] 1971-4009
  • [Journal-full-title] The neuroradiology journal
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Neuroradiol J
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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31. Charles NC, Lisman RD, Lelli GJ Jr: Subperiosteal orbital fibroma. Ophthalmic Surg Lasers Imaging; 2008 Nov-Dec;39(6):517-8
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  • [Title] Subperiosteal orbital fibroma.
  • A patient noting a slowly enlarging bump at the orbital rim underwent surgical excision of the lesion.
  • Pathologic examination showed a benign fibroma, a lesion that to the authors' knowledge has never been previously reported in this location.
  • [MeSH-major] Fibroma / pathology. Orbital Neoplasms / pathology
  • [MeSH-minor] Aged. Biomarkers, Tumor / analysis. Female. Humans. Neoplasm Proteins / analysis

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  • (PMID = 19065988.001).
  • [ISSN] 1542-8877
  • [Journal-full-title] Ophthalmic surgery, lasers & imaging : the official journal of the International Society for Imaging in the Eye
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Ophthalmic Surg Lasers Imaging
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Biomarkers, Tumor; 0 / Neoplasm Proteins
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32. Bignami M, Dallan I, Battaglia P, Lenzi R, Pistochini A, Castelnuovo P: Endoscopic, endonasal management of sinonasal haemangiopericytoma: 12-year experience. J Laryngol Otol; 2010 Nov;124(11):1178-82
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  • All patients underwent endoscopic, endonasal resection of their tumour.
  • Local recurrence was diagnosed in only one patient (10 per cent), who subsequently underwent a combined resection (endoscopic and external) with orbital exenteration.
  • CONCLUSIONS: Sinonasal haemangiopericytomas are rare tumours that are usually benign.
  • [MeSH-major] Endoscopy / methods. Hemangiopericytoma / surgery. Neoplasm Recurrence, Local / surgery. Nose Neoplasms / surgery. Paranasal Sinus Neoplasms / surgery
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Aged. Female. Humans. Length of Stay. Magnetic Resonance Imaging. Male. Middle Aged. Neoplasm Staging. Reoperation. Retrospective Studies. Treatment Outcome

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  • (PMID = 20438660.001).
  • [ISSN] 1748-5460
  • [Journal-full-title] The Journal of laryngology and otology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Laryngol Otol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] England
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33. Valentini V, Nicolai G, Lorè B, Aboh IV: Intraosseous hemangiomas. J Craniofac Surg; 2008 Nov;19(6):1459-64
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  • Intraosseous hemangiomas are classified as benign tumors of vascular nature.
  • In the Maxillo-Facial Surgery departments of the Universities of Rome "La Sapienza" and "Tor Vergata," from 1990 to 2004, 11 cases of intraosseous hemangioma have been diagnosed.
  • In 6 cases, the neoplasm localized in the zygomatic region; in 3 cases, at the mandible level; in 1 patient, in the maxillary site; and in 1 patient, in the frontal bone.
  • [MeSH-major] Hemangioma / diagnosis. Orbital Neoplasms / diagnosis. Skull Neoplasms / diagnosis. Zygoma / pathology

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  • (PMID = 19098533.001).
  • [ISSN] 1536-3732
  • [Journal-full-title] The Journal of craniofacial surgery
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Craniofac Surg
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Number-of-references] 22
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34. Kashkouli MB, Khalatbari MR, Yahyavi T, Borghei Razavi H, Shayanfar N, Parvaresh MM: Primary endo-orbital osteoid osteoma. Orbit; 2008;27(3):211-3
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  • [Title] Primary endo-orbital osteoid osteoma.
  • Osteiod osteoma is a small, benign, osteoblastic tumor, which usually affects the long bone of the lower extremities and vertebrae.
  • Herein, we report the first case of endo-orbital osteoid osteoma.
  • Imaging studies showed a small (15 x 11 mm in size) lesion on the roof of the left orbit with contrast enhancement.
  • [MeSH-major] Orbital Neoplasms / pathology. Orbital Neoplasms / surgery. Osteoma, Osteoid / pathology. Osteoma, Osteoid / surgery
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Biopsy, Needle. Exophthalmos / diagnosis. Exophthalmos / etiology. Follow-Up Studies. Humans. Immunohistochemistry. Magnetic Resonance Imaging. Male. Neoplasm Staging. Risk Assessment. Tomography, X-Ray Computed. Treatment Outcome

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  • (PMID = 18569832.001).
  • [ISSN] 1744-5108
  • [Journal-full-title] Orbit (Amsterdam, Netherlands)
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Orbit
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] England
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35. Gracia E, Froesch P, Mazzucchelli L, Martin V, Rodríguez-Abreu D, Jiménez J, Melgares M, Santos D, Capó V, Cavalli F, Zucca E, Bertoni F: Low prevalence of Chlamydia psittaci in ocular adnexal lymphomas from Cuban patients. Leuk Lymphoma; 2007 Jan;48(1):104-8
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  • [Title] Low prevalence of Chlamydia psittaci in ocular adnexal lymphomas from Cuban patients.
  • Most ocular adnexal lymphomas (OAL) are extranodal marginal zone B-cell lymphomas (EMZL) of mucosa-associated lymphoid tissue (MALT)-type.
  • DNA samples were obtained from formalin-fixed, paraffin-embedded sections samples of 26 patients with OAL, 20 non-OAL and 20 benign ocular lesions, diagnosed and treated between 1998 and 2003 at National Institute of Oncology in Havana, Cuba.
  • DNA of C. psittaci was detected in 11% of the 46 lymphomas: two orbital EMZL and three non-OAL.
  • All 20 benign ocular lesions were negative for C. psittaci.
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Aged. Aged, 80 and over. Caspases / genetics. Cuba / epidemiology. DNA, Bacterial / isolation & purification. Female. Humans. Male. Middle Aged. Neoplasm Proteins / genetics. Prevalence. Retrospective Studies

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  • (PMID = 17325853.001).
  • [ISSN] 1042-8194
  • [Journal-full-title] Leukemia & lymphoma
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Leuk. Lymphoma
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / DNA, Bacterial; 0 / Neoplasm Proteins; EC 3.4.22.- / Caspases; EC 3.4.22.- / MALT1 protein, human
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36. Banhiran W, Casiano RR: Endoscopic sinus surgery for benign and malignant nasal and sinus neoplasm. Curr Opin Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg; 2005 Feb;13(1):50-4
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  • [Title] Endoscopic sinus surgery for benign and malignant nasal and sinus neoplasm.
  • In the recent literature, emphasis has been on the endoscopic surgery of benign tumors, especially inverted papilloma and nasopharyngeal angiofibroma.
  • Other benign neoplasms have also been reported, but only in small case reports.
  • Especially for the more common benign neoplasms, such as inverted papilloma and early stage angiofibroma.
  • Large tumor size, intracranial or orbital extension, and extensive frontal or infratemporal fossa involvement are relative, but not absolute limitations.

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  • (PMID = 15654216.001).
  • [ISSN] 1068-9508
  • [Journal-full-title] Current opinion in otolaryngology & head and neck surgery
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Curr Opin Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Number-of-references] 43
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37. Decock CE, Kataria S, Breusegem CM, Van Den Broecke CM, Claerhout IJ: Ectopic meningioma anterior to the lacrimal gland fossa. Ophthal Plast Reconstr Surg; 2009 Jan-Feb;25(1):57-9
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  • A 66-year-old man reported a slowly growing tumor on the lateral edge of his left upper eyelid.
  • A neoplasm of the lacrimal gland was suspected.
  • Resection of the tumor was performed, which was located just behind the orbital septum and in front of the lacrimal gland.
  • Anatomopathologic investigation of the excised specimen with immunohistochemistry revealed a benign meningioma of a meningotheliomatous type, containing multiple bone elements.
  • An ectopic orbital meningioma is rare, and this is the first case of a unique lateral localization of this lesion.
  • Therefore, it should be included in the differential diagnosis of a lacrimal gland tumor.
  • [MeSH-major] Choristoma / radiography. Lacrimal Apparatus / radiography. Meningeal Neoplasms. Meningioma. Orbital Neoplasms / radiography

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  • (PMID = 19273931.001).
  • [ISSN] 1537-2677
  • [Journal-full-title] Ophthalmic plastic and reconstructive surgery
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Ophthal Plast Reconstr Surg
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Mucin-1; 0 / Vimentin
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38. Tam ES, Chen EC, Nijhawan N, Harvey JT, Howarth D, Oestreicher JH: Solitary fibrous tumor of the orbit: a case series. Orbit; 2008;27(6):426-31
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  • [Title] Solitary fibrous tumor of the orbit: a case series.
  • PURPOSE: Solitary fibrous tumor (SFT) occurs rarely in the orbit.
  • We present four such cases, representing one of the largest case series reported to date of this rare orbital tumor.
  • All four patients underwent CT scan to confirm the diagnosis of an orbital mass, which was then excised.
  • One of these cases demonstrated residual tumor on follow-up CT scan, which remained unchanged at one-year follow-up.
  • No evidence of residual tumor was found in the other three cases, despite one having malignant pathology.
  • CONCLUSION: SFT is a rare and generally benign tumor of the orbit.
  • Immunohistochemical testing with CD34 is necessary to confirm the diagnosis.
  • Although en bloc tumor resection is the definitive treatment, residual tumor may remain stable for some time.
  • [MeSH-major] Fibroma / pathology. Orbital Neoplasms / pathology
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Antigens, CD34 / analysis. Biomarkers, Tumor / analysis. Female. Humans. Male. Middle Aged. Neoplasm Proteins / analysis. Tomography, X-Ray Computed. Vimentin / analysis

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  • (PMID = 19085297.001).
  • [ISSN] 1744-5108
  • [Journal-full-title] Orbit (Amsterdam, Netherlands)
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Orbit
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Antigens, CD34; 0 / Biomarkers, Tumor; 0 / Neoplasm Proteins; 0 / Vimentin
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39. Chanfi M: [Tuberous angioma in an infant: a case study]. J Fr Ophtalmol; 2005 Sep;28(7):774
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  • Tuberous angioma of the orbit is the most frequent benign tumor of the orbit in children.
  • Angiomatous tumors in general, and more particularly tuberous angioma tumors, are classed among the primary tumors of the orbit.

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  • (PMID = 16208215.001).
  • [ISSN] 1773-0597
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal français d'ophtalmologie
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Fr Ophtalmol
  • [Language] fre
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] France
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40. Chaddad Neto F, Lopes A, Machado Filho M, Catanoce A, Campos Filho JM, Oliveira Ed: Giant cavernoma of the orbit: clinical and surgical considerations. Arq Neuropsiquiatr; 2007 Dec;65(4A):992-5
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  • [Title] Giant cavernoma of the orbit: clinical and surgical considerations.
  • Cavernous hemangiomas of the orbit are benign, hamartomatous, vascular lesions, more frequent in middle-aged women, representing the most common benign primitive neoplasm of the orbit.
  • Several therapeutic modalities and surgical approaches have been described, in order to preserve the normal orbital structures.
  • We describe the case of a patient with a volumous orbital cavernoma, approached by a fronto-orbito-zigotomy.
  • [MeSH-major] Hemangioma, Cavernous / surgery. Orbital Neoplasms / surgery

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  • (PMID = 18094861.001).
  • [ISSN] 0004-282X
  • [Journal-full-title] Arquivos de neuro-psiquiatria
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Arq Neuropsiquiatr
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Brazil
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41. Rousseau A, Kujas M, van Effenterre R, Boch AL, Carpentier A, Leroy JP, Poirier J: Primary intracranial myopericytoma: report of three cases and review of the literature. Neuropathol Appl Neurobiol; 2005 Dec;31(6):641-8
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  • Myopericytoma is a benign tumour generally arising in the subcutaneous and superficial soft tissues of the extremities.
  • The tumour involved, respectively, the anterior cranial fossa, the orbital apex and the pineal region.
  • Myopericytoma is a recently described neoplasm, and it is likely that reappraisal of intracranial haemangiopericytoma with which it shares many histopathologic features will lead to more case reports of primary intracranial myopericytoma.

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  • (PMID = 16281913.001).
  • [ISSN] 0305-1846
  • [Journal-full-title] Neuropathology and applied neurobiology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Neuropathol. Appl. Neurobiol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Number-of-references] 24
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42. Scheckenbach K, Winterhalter S, Chaker A, Hoffmann TK, Ramp U, Wagenmann M: [MALT lymphoma of the orbit]. HNO; 2008 Feb;56(2):161-4
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  • [Title] [MALT lymphoma of the orbit].
  • [Transliterated title] MALT-Lymphom der Orbita.
  • MALT lymphomas of the orbit are rare orbital tumors; the differential diagnosis needs to exclude inflammatory pseudotumors of the orbit, but also benign lymphoproliferations, pseudolymphomas, and other orbital neoplasms.
  • After histological confirmation of the diagnosis staging is necessary, and - as long as the disease is localized exclusively in the orbit - radiation therapy should be started.
  • The clinical picture of MALT lymphoma and its differential diagnosis and treatment are discussed with reference to an actual case.
  • [MeSH-major] Lymphoma, B-Cell, Marginal Zone / diagnosis. Orbital Neoplasms / diagnosis
  • [MeSH-minor] Aged. Antigens, CD20 / analysis. Antigens, CD3 / analysis. Biopsy. Chromosome Aberrations. Chromosome Deletion. Chromosomes, Human, Pair 11 / genetics. Diagnosis, Differential. Diplopia / etiology. Dose Fractionation. Endoscopy. Exophthalmos / etiology. Female. Follow-Up Studies. Humans. Ki-67 Antigen / analysis. Magnetic Resonance Imaging. Neoplasm Staging. Oculomotor Muscles / pathology. Orbit / pathology

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  • (PMID = 17143610.001).
  • [ISSN] 1433-0458
  • [Journal-full-title] HNO
  • [ISO-abbreviation] HNO
  • [Language] ger
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Germany
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Antigens, CD20; 0 / Antigens, CD3; 0 / Ki-67 Antigen
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43. Li Y, Zhang TM, An YZ, Shi JT, Fu JD, Qiu E: [Clinical study of lacrimal gland tumor involving anterior and middle cranial fossae]. Zhonghua Yi Xue Za Zhi; 2006 Jun 20;86(23):1597-9
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  • [Title] [Clinical study of lacrimal gland tumor involving anterior and middle cranial fossae].
  • OBJECTIVE: To investigate the clinical manifestations of lacrimal gland tumor involving the anterior and middle cranial fossae and the effect of transcranial-orbital approach in treatment of such tumor.
  • METHODS: A retrospective study was conducted on the clinical data of 23 cases lacrimal gland tumor involving the anterior and middle cranial fossae confirmed by radiological examination, including 11 cases of adenoid cystic carcinoma, 6 cases of pleomorphic adenocarcinoma (malignant mixed tumor), 2 cases of adenocarcinoma, 1 case of squamous cell carcinoma, 1 case of ductal carcinoma, 1 case of mucoepidermoid carcinoma, and 1 case of benign mixed tumor, 15 males and 8 females, aged 42.5 (2 - 76), with a case history of 43 months (2 months to 27 years), with the chief complaints of progressive proptosis, disgenesia of the eye ball, and orbit pain, all undergoing transcranial-orbital operation from August 1998 to February. 2006.
  • Recurrence of tumor occurred in 4 cases, and 1 case died from distant metastasis of adenocarcinoma.
  • Adequate orbital apex decompression and exposure of the tumor can result from suitable transcranial-orbital approach.
  • However, complete surgical excision is difficult, and the tumor has a tendency to recur post-operatively.
  • [MeSH-minor] Adolescent. Adult. Aged. Child. Child, Preschool. Cranial Fossa, Anterior. Cranial Fossa, Middle. Craniotomy. Female. Follow-Up Studies. Humans. Male. Middle Aged. Neoplasm Invasiveness. Retrospective Studies

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  • (PMID = 16854296.001).
  • [ISSN] 0376-2491
  • [Journal-full-title] Zhonghua yi xue za zhi
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Zhonghua Yi Xue Za Zhi
  • [Language] chi
  • [Publication-type] English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] China
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44. Robinson JW, Brownstein S, Jordan DR, Hodge WG: Conjunctival mucoepidermoid carcinoma in a patient with ocular cicatricial pemphigoid and a review of the literature. Surv Ophthalmol; 2006 Sep-Oct;51(5):513-9
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Conjunctival mucoepidermoid carcinoma in a patient with ocular cicatricial pemphigoid and a review of the literature.
  • Invasive mucoepidermoid carcinoma of the conjunctiva of the left lower eyelid was diagnosed in an orbital exenteration specimen of a 57-year-old woman, after a biopsy of the same lesion was originally diagnosed as invasive squamous cell carcinoma.
  • The woman was undergoing mitomycin C injections for ocular cicatricial pemphigoid, diagnosed in the same eye 2 years prior to identification of the neoplasm.
  • The tumor invaded the cornea, sclera, lacrimal gland, regional small nerves, and lymphatics, but did not show intraocular involvement.
  • [MeSH-major] Carcinoma, Mucoepidermoid / pathology. Conjunctival Neoplasms / pathology. Conjunctivitis / complications. Pemphigoid, Benign Mucous Membrane / complications
  • [MeSH-minor] Basement Membrane / pathology. Biopsy. Drug Therapy, Combination. Female. Fluorometholone / therapeutic use. Humans. Middle Aged. Mitomycin / therapeutic use. Neoplasm Invasiveness. Ofloxacin / therapeutic use


45. Wakefield MJ, Ross AH, Damato EM, Salvi SM, Baker GR: Review of lateral orbital wall ossifying fibroma. Orbit; 2010 Dec;29(6):317-20
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  • [Title] Review of lateral orbital wall ossifying fibroma.
  • Significant histological overlap exists between fibro-osseous lesions and diagnosis is made on a clinicopathological basis.
  • Ossifying fibroma is a benign fibro-osseous neoplasm of the jaw and craniofacial complex that has generated a degree of controversy regarding diagnosis and classification, especially with respect to the psammomatoid variant.
  • Orbital lesions mainly arise from the paranasal sinuses affecting the medial or inferior orbital wall.
  • Lateral orbital wall ossifying fibroma is, therefore, a rare condition with only a single previous case report.
  • We present a second case of lateral orbital wall ossifying fibroma and a review of the associated literature.
  • [MeSH-major] Fibroma, Ossifying / pathology. Fibroma, Ossifying / radiography. Orbital Neoplasms / pathology. Orbital Neoplasms / radiography

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  • (PMID = 21158572.001).
  • [ISSN] 1744-5108
  • [Journal-full-title] Orbit (Amsterdam, Netherlands)
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Orbit
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] England
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46. Ethmoidal osteoid osteoma with orbital and intracranial extension - a case report. BMC Ear Nose Throat Disord; 2005 Mar 11;5:2
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  • [Title] Ethmoidal osteoid osteoma with orbital and intracranial extension - a case report.
  • BACKGROUND: Osteoid osteoma is a benign bone neoplasm which is seen in the long bones of appendicular skeleton.
  • The ethmoid and orbital portions were approached and excised through a Weber-Ferguson incision and inferior orbitotomy.
  • Radical excision of the tumor could thus be achieved through a craniofacial approach.
  • CONCLUSION: Although benign and rare, skull base osteoid osteoma can present with neurological deficit due to its mass effect and involvement of vital structures.

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  • [Cites] Br J Neurosurg. 1998 Apr;12(2):173-5 [11013675.001]
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  • (PMID = 15760476.001).
  • [ISSN] 1472-6815
  • [Journal-full-title] BMC ear, nose, and throat disorders
  • [ISO-abbreviation] BMC Ear Nose Throat Disord
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC555567
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47. Nagulić M, Nikolić I, Manojlović-Gacić E, Skender-Gazibara M: Multiple cavernous hemangiomas of the orbit: separate occurrence within a 24-year period. Vojnosanit Pregl; 2010 Jun;67(6):507-10
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  • [Title] Multiple cavernous hemangiomas of the orbit: separate occurrence within a 24-year period.
  • BACKGROUND: Cavernous hemangioma is a frequent and the most common, primary, benign tumor of the orbit in adults.
  • Multiple orbital cavernous hemangiomas without signs of hemangiomatosis are rare.
  • Tumor recurrence is supposed to develop from vasculature that is present already in response to a proliferate stimulus.
  • CASE REPORT: A 39-year-old female with painless proptosis of the right orbit was found to have four orbital tumors.
  • Six years later, another, the fifth one cavernous hemangioma was totally excised from the same orbit.
  • Nine years after the first operation, reorbitotomy was performed because of positive radiological and clinical signs of de novo tumor in the orbit.
  • CONCLUSION: This case show the possibility of cavernous hemangioma recurrence after a previously totally excised tumor, separated more than two decades.
  • A very long follow-up of the patients operated for these benign tumor lesions is recommended.
  • [MeSH-major] Hemangioma, Cavernous. Neoplasm Recurrence, Local. Neoplasms, Multiple Primary. Orbital Neoplasms

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  • (PMID = 20629431.001).
  • [ISSN] 0042-8450
  • [Journal-full-title] Vojnosanitetski pregled
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Vojnosanit Pregl
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Serbia
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48. Krause E, Gürkov R, Klauss V: [Solitary fibrous tumor in the orbit. Case report and review of the literature]. HNO; 2009 Feb;57(2):169-72
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  • [Title] [Solitary fibrous tumor in the orbit. Case report and review of the literature].
  • [Transliterated title] Solitärer fibröser Tumor in der Orbita. Fallbericht und Literaturübersicht.
  • BACKGROUND: Solitary fibrous tumor (SFT) is a mesenchymal neoplasm with a benign growth behavior.
  • In the orbital cavity, SFT is rare.
  • Tumor growth over 7 years led to a severe exophthalmos with loss of vision.
  • CONCLUSION: SFT is a rare differential diagnosis of orbital lesions and can be appropriately treated by surgical resection.
  • [MeSH-major] Blindness / etiology. Blindness / prevention & control. Orbital Neoplasms / complications. Orbital Neoplasms / surgery. Solitary Fibrous Tumors / complications. Solitary Fibrous Tumors / surgery

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  • [Cites] Eye (Lond). 2001 Feb;15(Pt 1):102-4 [11318269.001]
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  • (PMID = 19221826.001).
  • [ISSN] 1433-0458
  • [Journal-full-title] HNO
  • [ISO-abbreviation] HNO
  • [Language] ger
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; English Abstract; Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] Germany
  • [Number-of-references] 18
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49. Wang HY, Fan QH, Gong QX, Wang Z: [Clinicopathologic characteristics of hemangiopericytoma/solitary fibrous tumor with giant cells]. Zhonghua Bing Li Xue Za Zhi; 2009 Mar;38(3):169-72
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  • [Title] [Clinicopathologic characteristics of hemangiopericytoma/solitary fibrous tumor with giant cells].
  • OBJECTIVE: To study the pathological characteristics, diagnosis and differential diagnoses of hemangiopericytoma-solitary fibrous tumor with giant cells.
  • METHODS: Pathological characteristics of seven cases of orbital and extraorbital hemangiopericytoma-solitary fibrous tumors with giant cells were evaluated by HE and immunohistochemistry (EnVision method).
  • RESULTS: Two cases were located in the orbit, one of which had recurred.
  • Seven patients underwent tumor excision and were well and without tumor recurrence upon the clinical follow-up.
  • CONCLUSIONS: Hemangiopericytoma-solitary fibrous tumor with giant cells is an intermediate soft tissue tumor.
  • It typically involves the orbital or extraorbital regions.
  • Histologically, the tumor should be distinguished from giant cell fibroblastoma, pleomorphic hyalinzing angiectatic tumor of soft part and angiomatoid fibrous histiocytoma.
  • [MeSH-major] Hemangiopericytoma / pathology. Orbital Neoplasms / pathology. Solitary Fibrous Tumors / pathology
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Antigens, CD / metabolism. Antigens, CD34 / metabolism. Cell Adhesion Molecules / metabolism. Dermatofibrosarcoma / pathology. Diagnosis, Differential. Female. Follow-Up Studies. Histiocytoma, Benign Fibrous / pathology. Humans. Immunohistochemistry. Male. Middle Aged. Neoplasm Recurrence, Local. Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-bcl-2 / metabolism. Soft Tissue Neoplasms / pathology. Solitary Fibrous Tumor, Pleural / metabolism. Solitary Fibrous Tumor, Pleural / pathology. Solitary Fibrous Tumor, Pleural / surgery. Young Adult

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  • (PMID = 19575851.001).
  • [ISSN] 0529-5807
  • [Journal-full-title] Zhonghua bing li xue za zhi = Chinese journal of pathology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Zhonghua Bing Li Xue Za Zhi
  • [Language] chi
  • [Publication-type] English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] China
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Antigens, CD; 0 / Antigens, CD34; 0 / CD99 protein, human; 0 / Cell Adhesion Molecules; 0 / Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-bcl-2
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50. George JL, Marchal JC: [Orbital tumors in children: clinical examination, imaging, specific progression]. Neurochirurgie; 2010 Apr-Jun;56(2-3):244-8
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  • [Title] [Orbital tumors in children: clinical examination, imaging, specific progression].
  • [Transliterated title] Les tumeurs d'orbite de l'enfant : examen clinique, paraclinique, diagnostic et particularités évolutives.
  • "Orbital tumors (OT) are neoplasms of the bony orbit and contents except for the eyeball."
  • Examination must be careful: measurement, direction of proptosis, impairment of ocular motility, compressive optic neuropathy, strabismus, etc.
  • Benign tumors such as dermoid cysts or hemangiomas grow slowly, whereas rapid growth suggests a malignant tumor.
  • When a metastatic tumor is suspected, abdominal palpation and ultrasonography must be performed.
  • Ultrasonography leaves the posterior third of the orbit inaccessible to exploration.
  • The depth to which it can penetrate the orbit is limited (20mm).
  • Most of the time, standard x-rays, CT, and MR imaging allow for an adequate assessment and usually provide a diagnosis.
  • [MeSH-major] Orbital Neoplasms / diagnosis
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Age Factors. Child. Disease Progression. Emotions. Exophthalmos / etiology. Humans. Leukemia / diagnosis. Leukemia / epidemiology. Leukemia / pathology. Neoplasm Metastasis / pathology. Neuroblastoma / diagnosis. Neuroblastoma / epidemiology. Neuroblastoma / pathology. Palpation. Rhabdomyosarcoma / diagnosis. Rhabdomyosarcoma / epidemiology. Rhabdomyosarcoma / pathology

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  • [Copyright] Copyright 2010 Elsevier Masson SAS. All rights reserved.
  • (PMID = 20303555.001).
  • [ISSN] 1773-0619
  • [Journal-full-title] Neuro-Chirurgie
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Neurochirurgie
  • [Language] fre
  • [Publication-type] English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] France
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51. Maheshwari R, Thool A: Orbital cavernous hemangioma of childhood. Indian J Ophthalmol; 2007 Jul-Aug;55(4):313-5
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  • [Title] Orbital cavernous hemangioma of childhood.
  • Ocular and orbital tumors, both benign and malignant, occur relatively frequently in infants and children.
  • Benign masses are much more common than malignant in the orbital region.
  • However, childhood tumors show great variability and it is difficult to differentiate benign from malignant lesions.
  • Cavernous hemangioma is the most common benign neoplasm of the orbit in adults.
  • We report a case of orbital cavernous hemangioma in a four-year-old girl presenting as unilateral painless proptosis.
  • [MeSH-major] Hemangioma, Cavernous / diagnosis. Orbital Neoplasms / diagnosis

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  • (PMID = 17595488.001).
  • [ISSN] 0301-4738
  • [Journal-full-title] Indian journal of ophthalmology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Indian J Ophthalmol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] India
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52. Furdova A, Pesko K, Strmen P, Kobzova M: Conjunctival nevus and melanoma. Bratisl Lek Listy; 2007;108(7):287-91
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  • The conjunctival nevus is one of the most common benign tumors of the ocular surface.
  • The retrospective study analyzed 70 patients with pigmented lesion of the conjunctiva in period 1996-2006 at the Department of Ophthalmology, Faculty of Medicine, Comenius University, Bratislava, with the aim to determine the frequency of change in size and pigmentation of these benign lesions.
  • Multifocal and advanced melanoma, especially showing intraocular or orbital invasion, may require exenteration and/or radiotherapy to adequately extirpate the neoplasm locally.

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  • (PMID = 17972544.001).
  • [ISSN] 0006-9248
  • [Journal-full-title] Bratislavské lekárske listy
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Bratisl Lek Listy
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Slovakia
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53. Dave SP, Bared A, Casiano RR: Surgical outcomes and safety of transnasal endoscopic resection for anterior skull tumors. Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg; 2007 Jun;136(6):920-7
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  • There were 17 malignant and two benign lesions.
  • It should be noted that the tumor control rate may be premature given the small sample size and limited follow-up.
  • Overall, there were 16 complications, but only two of these, an orbital hematoma and a frontal lobe abscess, were considered major complications directly attributable to surgery.
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Aged. Aged, 80 and over. Chemotherapy, Adjuvant. Combined Modality Therapy. Female. Follow-Up Studies. Humans. Male. Middle Aged. Neoplasm Staging. Radiotherapy, Adjuvant. Reoperation. Retrospective Studies. Survival Rate

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  • (PMID = 17547980.001).
  • [ISSN] 0194-5998
  • [Journal-full-title] Otolaryngology--head and neck surgery : official journal of American Academy of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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54. Dias AC, Pereira Lde S, Sameshima LM, Reis FA, Vital Filho J: [Malignant fibrous histiocytoma of the eyelid: case report]. Arq Bras Oftalmol; 2009 Jan-Feb;72(1):109-12
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  • [Transliterated title] Fibro-histiocitoma maligno da pálpebra: relato de caso.
  • Fibrous histiocytomas represent 1% of all orbital masses and may be classified into benign, locally aggressive and malignant - these representing nearly 11% of the total.
  • In this study, the authors describe an unusual case of malignant fibrous histiocytoma of the eyelid, discussing clinical and histological features of this neoplasm.

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  • (PMID = 19347135.001).
  • [ISSN] 1678-2925
  • [Journal-full-title] Arquivos brasileiros de oftalmologia
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Arq Bras Oftalmol
  • [Language] por
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Brazil
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55. Składzień J, Oleś K, Moskała M, Strek P, Urbanik A, Stachura J, Zagólski O: [Own experience in treatment of patients with advanced tumours of the paranasal sinuses and the orbit, penetrating to the anterior and medial cranial fossa--preliminary report]. Otolaryngol Pol; 2007;61(4):416-22
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  • [Title] [Own experience in treatment of patients with advanced tumours of the paranasal sinuses and the orbit, penetrating to the anterior and medial cranial fossa--preliminary report].
  • An en bloc excision of the tumour can be accomplished.
  • RESULTS: Lesions were malignant in 7 patients and benign in the remaining 33.
  • Craniofacial resection is the only surgical approach with acceptable rate of complications in selected patients with tumour comprising the anterior and medial cranial base, nasal cavity, paranasal sinuses, nasopharynx and orbits.
  • [MeSH-major] Cranial Fossa, Anterior / surgery. Cranial Fossa, Middle / surgery. Orbital Neoplasms / surgery. Paranasal Sinus Neoplasms / surgery. Skull Base Neoplasms / surgery
  • [MeSH-minor] Adolescent. Adult. Aged. Child. Female. Humans. Male. Middle Aged. Neoplasm Invasiveness. Neoplasm Staging. Retrospective Studies. Treatment Outcome

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  • (PMID = 18260224.001).
  • [ISSN] 0030-6657
  • [Journal-full-title] Otolaryngologia polska = The Polish otolaryngology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Otolaryngol Pol
  • [Language] pol
  • [Publication-type] English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Poland
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56. Al-Faky YH, Al-Mosallam AR, Al-Sohaibani MO: Periocular hidradenoma papilliferum. Saudi J Ophthalmol; 2009 Oct;23(3-4):211-3
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  • Hidradenoma is a benign adnexal neoplasm originating from the apocrine sweat gland, and is almost exclusively detectable in the skin of the anogenital area of middle-aged white females after puberty.
  • We report a female patient with a lesion (dating back to childhood) close to the medial end of the left eyebrow and overriding the anterior medial part of superior orbital rim.

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  • (PMID = 23960862.001).
  • [ISSN] 1319-4534
  • [Journal-full-title] Saudi journal of ophthalmology : official journal of the Saudi Ophthalmological Society
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Saudi J Ophthalmol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Saudi Arabia
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC3729807
  • [Keywords] NOTNLM ; Childhood / Ectopic / Hidradenoma papilliferum
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57. Farmer JP, Lamba M, McDonald H, Commons AS: Orbital giant cell angiofibroma: immuno-histochemistry and differential diagnosis. Can J Ophthalmol; 2006 Apr;41(2):216-20
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  • [Title] Orbital giant cell angiofibroma: immuno-histochemistry and differential diagnosis.
  • On radiologic examination, the mass was seen to extend into the anterior orbit.
  • COMMENTS: Giant cell angiofibroma is a benign spindle cell neoplasm characterized by multinucleated giant cells and pseudovascular spaces with a propensity to occur in the anterior soft tissues of the orbit of middle-aged adults.
  • It is part of a wide differential diagnosis of tumours that can be separated by various histologic and immunohistochemical features, which are discussed in the report.
  • It is important to consider it preoperatively because the vascular nature of this tumour may create problems with hemostasis during excision.

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  • (PMID = 16767212.001).
  • [ISSN] 0008-4182
  • [Journal-full-title] Canadian journal of ophthalmology. Journal canadien d'ophtalmologie
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Can. J. Ophthalmol.
  • [Language] ENG
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Biomarkers, Tumor; 0 / Neoplasm Proteins
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58. deSousa JL, Meligonis G, Malhotra R: Giant cell angiofibroma of the orbit with periosteal adherence. Clin Exp Ophthalmol; 2006 Dec;34(9):886-8
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  • [Title] Giant cell angiofibroma of the orbit with periosteal adherence.
  • We report a case of orbital giant cell angiofibroma, an unusual, recently reported benign spindle cell neoplasm.
  • Preoperative clinical assessment and radiology suggested a benign mass and early operative findings were in concordance with this.
  • As with some lymphangiomas, this is another benign orbital tumour which may present difficulties in complete surgical excision that are not anticipated based on the preoperative findings.
  • [MeSH-major] Angiofibroma / diagnosis. Giant Cell Tumors / diagnosis. Orbital Neoplasms / diagnosis. Periosteum / pathology
  • [MeSH-minor] Aged. Diagnosis, Differential. Humans. Male. Ophthalmologic Surgical Procedures. Tissue Adhesions. Tomography, X-Ray Computed

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  • (PMID = 17181622.001).
  • [ISSN] 1442-6404
  • [Journal-full-title] Clinical & experimental ophthalmology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Clin. Experiment. Ophthalmol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Australia
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59. Bignami M, Pistochini A, Meloni F, Delehaye E, Castelnuovo P: A rare case of oncocytic Schneiderian papilloma with intradural and intraorbital extension with notes of operative techniques. Rhinology; 2009 Sep;47(3):316-9
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  • Epithelial cells of cylindrical cell papilloma are oncocytes, which arise from the sinonasal respiratory epithelium, hence the term Oncocytic Schneiderian papilloma.This is a rare and benign neoplasm of the nose and paranasal sinuses and it should be considered in the work-up of all unilateral nasal polypoid lesions.
  • We report a case arisen from the nasoethmoidal space that extended to the anterior skull base through a bone dehiscence with intradural invasion and orbital space involvement.

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  • (PMID = 19839258.001).
  • [ISSN] 0300-0729
  • [Journal-full-title] Rhinology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Rhinology
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Netherlands
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60. Amoli FA, Mehrabani PM, Tari AS: Aggressive orbital optic nerve meningioma with benign microscopic features: a case report. Orbit; 2007 Dec;26(4):271-4
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Aggressive orbital optic nerve meningioma with benign microscopic features: a case report.
  • Here we report the case of a 20-year-old female with an aggressive orbital meningioma referred to the Ophthalmology Department of the Farabi Hospital in Tehran.
  • The patient had a history of orbital meningioma from 10 years ago and several surgical resections due to tumor recurrence during these 10 years.
  • On admission, the patient had a large orbital mass and severe proptosis.
  • MRI images revealed a large left orbital mass with optic nerve involvement and extension to the left maxillary sinus, pterygoid fossa and the dura in the floor of the anterior fossa.
  • Fine-needle aspiration cytology of the mass confirmed tumor recurrence.
  • The patient first received radiotherapy due to the inoperable mass, and the tumor was resected 1.5 month later.
  • The interesting aspect of this case was the aggressive behavior of the tumor with intraocular invasion, despite its benign histopathological features, which led to wide exenteration of the eye together with resection of the upper and lower lids.
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Combined Modality Therapy. Female. Humans. Magnetic Resonance Imaging. Neoplasm Invasiveness. Neoplasm Recurrence, Local

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  • (PMID = 18097966.001).
  • [ISSN] 0167-6830
  • [Journal-full-title] Orbit (Amsterdam, Netherlands)
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Orbit
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] England
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61. Morris DS, Fayers T, Dolman PJ: Orbital teratoma: case report and management review. J AAPOS; 2009 Dec;13(6):605-7
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Orbital teratoma: case report and management review.
  • We present a case of benign mature orbital teratoma in a neonatal boy that involved the chiasmal area and cavernous sinus and displaced the nasopharynx.
  • A debulking procedure, mainly of the cystic parts of the tumor, was performed.
  • The patient remains stable at 3 years of age, with no further growth of the tumor and good vision in the affected eye.

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  • (PMID = 20006828.001).
  • [ISSN] 1528-3933
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of AAPOS : the official publication of the American Association for Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J AAPOS
  • [Language] ENG
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] United States
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62. Lindegaard J, Heegaard S, Toft PB, Nysom K, Prause JU: Malignant transformation of a medulloepithelioma of the optic nerve. Orbit; 2010 Jun;29(3):161-4
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • METHODS: A 3-year-old boy presented with right-sided proptosis, swollen eyelids, restricted ocular movements, pain and nausea.
  • A benign non-teratoid medulloepithelioma of the optic nerve was surgically removed.
  • Due to relapse in the orbit 10 months postoperatively enucleation and partial orbital exenteration were performed.
  • This is the first case described of a benign medulloepithelioma of the optic nerve, later transforming into a malignant tumour.
  • Furthermore; it should be considered as a differential diagnosis when observing a tumour of the optic nerve in a child.
  • [MeSH-major] Cell Transformation, Neoplastic / pathology. Neoplasm Recurrence, Local / pathology. Neuroectodermal Tumors, Primitive / pathology. Optic Nerve Neoplasms / pathology
  • [MeSH-minor] Biopsy, Needle. Chemotherapy, Adjuvant. Child, Preschool. Exophthalmos / diagnosis. Exophthalmos / etiology. Eye Enucleation / methods. Follow-Up Studies. Humans. Immunohistochemistry. Magnetic Resonance Imaging / methods. Male. Orbit Evisceration / methods. Radiotherapy, Adjuvant. Risk Assessment. Stem Cell Transplantation. Treatment Outcome

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  • (PMID = 20497085.001).
  • [ISSN] 1744-5108
  • [Journal-full-title] Orbit (Amsterdam, Netherlands)
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Orbit
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] England
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63. Dallaudiere B, Benayoun Y, Boncoeur-Martel M, Robert P, Adenis J, Maubon A: [Imaging features of cavernous hemangiomas of the orbit]. J Radiol; 2009 Sep;90(9 Pt 1):1039-45
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] [Imaging features of cavernous hemangiomas of the orbit].
  • Cavernous hemangioma is the most frequent benign tumor of the orbit.
  • The clinical presentation is that of a slowly progressive intra-orbital mass with variable degree of exophthalmos.
  • CT typically demonstrates the presence of a well defined oval or rounded shaped mass but MRI provides superior evaluation of the orbit.
  • The tumor is intra-conal in 80% of cases and usually shows T1W hypo-isointensity, T2W hyperintensity and heterogeneous contrast enhancement that becomes more homogeneous on delayed imaging (5 minutes).
  • [MeSH-major] Hemangioma, Cavernous / diagnosis. Orbital Neoplasms / diagnosis

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  • (PMID = 19752807.001).
  • [ISSN] 0221-0363
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal de radiologie
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Radiol
  • [Language] fre
  • [Publication-type] English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] France
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64. Cerdá-Nicolás M, Löpez-Gines C, Gil-Benso R, Benito R, Pellin A, Ruiz-Saurí A, Sanchos-Garcia J, Roldan P, Talamantes F, Barberá J: Solitary fibrous tumor of the orbit: morphological, cytogenetic and molecular features. Neuropathology; 2006 Dec;26(6):557-63
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Solitary fibrous tumor of the orbit: morphological, cytogenetic and molecular features.
  • Solitary fibrous tumor (SFT), a benign neoplasm arising in mesenchymal structures, was initially described in the pleura but subsequently has also been documented in other locations.
  • It is uncommon in the orbit, where it closely resembles other benign spindle-shaped mesenchymal tumors of this area such as schwannoma, meningioma or hemangiopericytoma.
  • We present a case of orbital SFT in a 34-year-old woman.
  • Measurement of DNA content revealed a DNA index of 1, indicating a diploid peak in 95% of the tumor cells.
  • No p14(ARF), p15(INK4B) and p16(INK4A) deletions or hypermethylation were observed in this benign tumor.
  • Following surgical resection and radiotherapy, the patient showed no tumor relapse after one year of follow-up.
  • [MeSH-major] Fibroma / genetics. Fibroma / pathology. Orbital Neoplasms / genetics. Orbital Neoplasms / pathology
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Cyclin-Dependent Kinase Inhibitor p15 / genetics. Cyclin-Dependent Kinase Inhibitor p16 / genetics. DNA Methylation. Exons / genetics. Female. Gene Deletion. Genes, p53 / genetics. Humans. Magnetic Resonance Imaging. Point Mutation. Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-mdm2 / genetics. Soft Tissue Neoplasms / genetics. Soft Tissue Neoplasms / pathology. Tumor Suppressor Protein p14ARF / genetics

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  • (PMID = 17203593.001).
  • [ISSN] 0919-6544
  • [Journal-full-title] Neuropathology : official journal of the Japanese Society of Neuropathology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Neuropathology
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] Australia
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Cyclin-Dependent Kinase Inhibitor p15; 0 / Cyclin-Dependent Kinase Inhibitor p16; 0 / Tumor Suppressor Protein p14ARF; EC 6.3.2.19 / MDM2 protein, human; EC 6.3.2.19 / Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-mdm2
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65. Ganly I, Gross ND, Patel SG, Bilsky MH, Shah JP, Kraus DH: Outcome of craniofacial resection in patients 70 years of age and older. Head Neck; 2007 Feb;29(2):89-94
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • Thirty-five patients had a malignant tumor and 1 patient a benign tumor; 15 (42%) had high-grade, 17 (47%) intermediate-grade, and 4 (11%) low-grade pathology.
  • Complications were classified into overall, local, central nervous system (CNS), systemic, and orbital.
  • Local wound complications occurred in 11 (30%), CNS in 12 (33%), systemic in 6 (17%), and orbital in 1 (3%).
  • [MeSH-minor] Age Factors. Aged. Aged, 80 and over. Carcinoma / mortality. Carcinoma / pathology. Carcinoma / surgery. Cranial Fossa, Anterior / surgery. Cranial Fossa, Middle / surgery. Databases as Topic. Esthesioneuroblastoma, Olfactory / mortality. Esthesioneuroblastoma, Olfactory / pathology. Esthesioneuroblastoma, Olfactory / surgery. Female. Follow-Up Studies. Humans. Male. Melanoma / mortality. Melanoma / pathology. Melanoma / surgery. Neoplasm Recurrence, Local. Prospective Studies. Surgical Flaps. Survival Analysis


66. Subramanian N, Rambhatia S, Mahesh L, Menon SV, Krishnakumar S, Biswas J, Noronha OV: Cystic schwannoma of the orbit-a case series. Orbit; 2005 Jun;24(2):125-9
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Cystic schwannoma of the orbit-a case series.
  • A schwannoma is an uncommon benign orbital tumor that arises from Schwann cells in the peripheral nervous system.
  • Clinical examination alone is inadequate for the diagnosis.
  • Radiological examination, like computed tomography (CT) scans, can help in the diagnosis; however, the diagnosis can only be confirmed by histopathological examination (HPE) after excision biopsy.
  • Here, the authors report four cases of orbital schwannoma with cystic degeneration that presented with proptosis and decreased vision.
  • The histopathological examination was diagnostic for orbital schwannoma with cystic degeneration.
  • Schwannoma should be included in the differential diagnosis of cystic orbital lesions.
  • [MeSH-major] Blepharoptosis / etiology. Neurilemmoma / pathology. Orbital Neoplasms / pathology. Vision Disorders / etiology

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  • (PMID = 16191802.001).
  • [ISSN] 0167-6830
  • [Journal-full-title] Orbit (Amsterdam, Netherlands)
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Orbit
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] Netherlands
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