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1. Zimmermann AP, Eivazi B, Wiegand S, Werner JA, Teymoortash A: Orbital lymphatic malformation showing the symptoms of orbital complications of acute rhinosinusitis in children: a report of 2 cases. Int J Pediatr Otorhinolaryngol; 2009 Oct;73(10):1480-3
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Orbital lymphatic malformation showing the symptoms of orbital complications of acute rhinosinusitis in children: a report of 2 cases.
  • Orbital lymphatic malformations are benign cystic malformations of the lymphatic system.
  • The present report shows two cases with symptoms of orbital complications of acute rhinosinusitis with proptosis, compressive optic neuropathy, loss of vision and cellulites in children.
  • A tumor extirpation was performed via lateral orbitotomy in both cases.
  • Histological analysis of the surgical specimens verified lymphatic malformations of the orbit.
  • Orbital lymphatic malformations can mimic the symptoms of orbital complications of acute rhinosinusitis.
  • The existence of lymphatic malformation should be considered in every orbital complication of rhinosinusitis in children.
  • [MeSH-major] Lymphatic Abnormalities / pathology. Orbital Diseases / pathology. Rhinitis / pathology. Sinusitis / pathology
  • [MeSH-minor] Acute Disease. Adolescent. Anti-Bacterial Agents / therapeutic use. Biopsy, Needle. Child, Preschool. Diagnosis, Differential. Female. Follow-Up Studies. Humans. Immunohistochemistry. Magnetic Resonance Imaging / methods. Male. Orbital Neoplasms / diagnosis. Orbital Neoplasms / pathology. Orbital Neoplasms / surgery. Risk Assessment. Severity of Illness Index. Tomography, X-Ray Computed / methods. Treatment Outcome

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  • (PMID = 19646769.001).
  • [ISSN] 1872-8464
  • [Journal-full-title] International journal of pediatric otorhinolaryngology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Int. J. Pediatr. Otorhinolaryngol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Ireland
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Anti-Bacterial Agents
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2. Hasegawa M, Fujisawa H, Hayashi Y, Yamashita J, Suzuki M, Matsui O: CT arteriography for orbital tumors: diagnostic and surgical value. J Clin Neurosci; 2005 Jun;12(5):548-52
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  • [Title] CT arteriography for orbital tumors: diagnostic and surgical value.
  • The aim of this study is to investigate the efficacy of dynamic computed tomography (CT) during selective angiography (CT-arteriography) of orbital tumors in the evaluation of intratumoral vascular anatomy, feeding artery territory, and histological diagnosis.
  • Among 35 consecutive cases with various orbital lesions, those cases showing tumor staining or pooling of the contrast medium on digital subtraction angiography (DSA) were evaluated by CT-arteriography (n = 14).
  • Patterns of CT-arteriography were categorized into three subgroups: homogeneous enhancement (benign lymphoid lesion), partial enhancement (schwannomas and carcinomas), and patchy multinodular enhancement (specific for cavernous angiomas).
  • CT-arteriography, with a minimal dose of contrast medium, can offer significant advantages over intravenously injected dynamic neuroimaging, and provides additional valuable preoperative information about the orbital tumor under investigation.
  • [MeSH-major] Ophthalmic Artery / pathology. Ophthalmic Artery / radiography. Orbit / pathology. Orbit / radiography. Orbital Neoplasms / blood supply. Orbital Neoplasms / radiography. Tomography, X-Ray Computed / trends
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Aged. Angiography / methods. Angiography / trends. Brain Neoplasms / blood supply. Brain Neoplasms / pathology. Brain Neoplasms / radiography. Carcinoma / blood supply. Carcinoma / pathology. Carcinoma / radiography. Contrast Media / standards. Diagnosis, Differential. Female. Hemangioma, Cavernous / blood supply. Hemangioma, Cavernous / pathology. Hemangioma, Cavernous / radiography. Humans. Lacrimal Apparatus / blood supply. Lacrimal Apparatus / pathology. Lacrimal Apparatus / radiography. Male. Middle Aged. Neurilemmoma / blood supply. Neurilemmoma / pathology. Neurilemmoma / radiography. Optic Nerve Neoplasms / blood supply. Optic Nerve Neoplasms / pathology. Optic Nerve Neoplasms / radiography. Predictive Value of Tests

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  • (PMID = 15982890.001).
  • [ISSN] 0967-5868
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of clinical neuroscience : official journal of the Neurosurgical Society of Australasia
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Clin Neurosci
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Scotland
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Contrast Media
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3. Romero-Rojas AE, Díaz-Pérez JA, Lozano-Castillo A: [Malignant peripheric nerve sheath tumor of the orbit: first description of orbital location in a patient with NF1]. Neurocirugia (Astur); 2010 Feb;21(1):37-45
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  • [Title] [Malignant peripheric nerve sheath tumor of the orbit: first description of orbital location in a patient with NF1].
  • [Transliterated title] Tumor maligno de la vaina del nervio periférico (MPNST) glandular de la órbita: primera descripción de la literatura de localización orbitaria en un paciente con neurofibromatosis tipo 1.
  • INTRODUCTION: The malignant peripheric nerve sheath tumor (MPNST), is a malignant neoplastic lesion originated in Schwann cells of the lining sheath of peripheral nerves.
  • This neoplasia may appear with benign or malignant heterologous components, with divergent differentiation, as the glandular one.
  • AIM: To describe for the first time in the literature, a case of a glandular MPNST, located at the orbit and to revise the literature on this tumoral lesion.
  • CLINICAL CASE: Nine year old male, with a base diagnosis of NF1, who had exophthalmos, retro-ocular pain, headache, facial asymmetry and descent of the right eyeball, that started 1 year earlier.
  • A right Fronto-temporal craniotomy was made with fronto -orbital- zygomatic resection of the tumoral lesion.
  • The diagnosis of Glandular MPNST was made.
  • CONCLUSION: For the first time in the literature a case of Glandular MPNST located at the orbit, which occurred in child with NF1, is described.
  • This extremely uncommon neoplasia must be taken into account, in the study of biphasic malignant lesions, as its diagnosis is of great importance because of the bad prognosis of the affected patients.
  • [MeSH-major] Nerve Sheath Neoplasms / pathology. Neurofibromatosis 1 / pathology. Orbital Neoplasms / pathology

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  • (PMID = 20186373.001).
  • [ISSN] 1130-1473
  • [Journal-full-title] Neurocirugía (Asturias, Spain)
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Neurocirugia (Astur)
  • [Language] spa
  • [Publication-type] English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Spain
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4. Wilde F, Neid M, Schulz T, Sterker I, Hemprich A, Frerich B: [Hemangiopericytoma (extrapleural solitary fibrous tumour). Exemplified and discussed on the basis of two cases]. Mund Kiefer Gesichtschir; 2005 Nov;9(6):404-8
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  • [Title] [Hemangiopericytoma (extrapleural solitary fibrous tumour). Exemplified and discussed on the basis of two cases].
  • [Transliterated title] Hämangioperizytom (extrapleuraler solitärer fibröser Tumor). Dargestellt und diskutiert anhand zweier Patientenbeispiele.
  • It is a very uncommon potentially malignant vascular tumour which can occur at every site of the body.
  • The diagnosis of "hemangiopericytoma" is now only determined if a constant histological picture of hemangiopericytoma is present.
  • The tumour can lead to lymphogenous or hematogenous metastasis.
  • CASE REPORTS: Patient 1: 60 years, female; diagnosis: malignant suboccipital hemangiopericytoma; size: 4.9 x 4.5 x 4.2 cm; pT1bNXMX L0 V0 Pn0; stage IA; grading G1; R0.Patient 2: 38 years, male; diagnosis: benign hemangiopericytoma infraorbital left; size 1.5 x 1.5 x 1.5 cm.
  • The slow and painless growth carries the danger of a clinically wrong diagnosis and thus delayed therapy.
  • The histological diagnosis of hemangiopericytoma is determined by biopsy.
  • The therapy of choice is the complete tumour-resection with a safety margin of 1 cm.
  • [MeSH-major] Eyelid Neoplasms / diagnosis. Head and Neck Neoplasms / diagnosis. Hemangiopericytoma / diagnosis. Soft Tissue Neoplasms / diagnosis
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Diagnosis, Differential. Female. Humans. Magnetic Resonance Imaging. Male. Middle Aged. Neoplasm Invasiveness. Neoplasms, Multiple Primary / diagnosis. Neoplasms, Multiple Primary / pathology. Neoplasms, Multiple Primary / surgery. Orbit / pathology. Orbital Neoplasms / diagnosis. Orbital Neoplasms / pathology. Orbital Neoplasms / surgery. Reoperation. Tomography, X-Ray Computed

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  • (PMID = 16220316.001).
  • [ISSN] 1432-9417
  • [Journal-full-title] Mund-, Kiefer- und Gesichtschirurgie : MKG
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Mund Kiefer Gesichtschir
  • [Language] ger
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Germany
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5. Viswanathan S, George S, Ramadwar M, Shet T, Arora B, Laskar S, Qureshi S, Medhi S, Muckaden MA, Kurkure PA, Kane SV, Banavali S: Extraconal orbital tumors in children--a spectrum. Virchows Arch; 2009 Jun;454(6):703-13
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  • [Title] Extraconal orbital tumors in children--a spectrum.
  • Orbital masses in children are uncommon but extremely challenging problems for clinicians and pathologists due to their critical location and availability of limited diagnostic material.
  • We analyzed 47 specimens comprising biopsies, excision specimens, and FNAC of extraconal pediatric orbital masses (excluding retinoblastoma) accessioned in the pathology department over 5 years in a tertiary referral cancer center.
  • Malignant round cell tumors (76.6%), chiefly embryonal rhabdomyosarcoma (51%), benign spindle cell neoplasms, and infectious lesions (tuberculosis, fungal infections), were seen.
  • Of the malignant tumors, those confined to the orbit achieved good treatment response and had an event-free follow-up while those with extraorbital spread had poor outcome.
  • Pediatric orbital masses range from completely treatable infectious lesions, surgically resectable benign neoplasms to aggressive malignancies requiring chemotherapy and radiotherapy.
  • [MeSH-major] Orbital Neoplasms / diagnosis
  • [MeSH-minor] Adolescent. Algorithms. Biomarkers, Tumor / analysis. Child. Child, Preschool. Exophthalmos / diagnosis. Female. Humans. Infant. Male. Mycoses / diagnosis. Mycoses / therapy. Rhabdomyosarcoma, Embryonal / chemistry. Rhabdomyosarcoma, Embryonal / diagnosis. Rhabdomyosarcoma, Embryonal / secondary. Tuberculosis / diagnosis. Tuberculosis / therapy

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  • (PMID = 19421774.001).
  • [ISSN] 1432-2307
  • [Journal-full-title] Virchows Archiv : an international journal of pathology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Virchows Arch.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Germany
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Biomarkers, Tumor
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6. Składzień J, Tomik J, Wiatr M: [Primary benign orbital tumors in experience of the Department of Otolaryngology Jagiellonian University]. Przegl Lek; 2006;63(11):1210-2
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  • [Title] [Primary benign orbital tumors in experience of the Department of Otolaryngology Jagiellonian University].
  • THE AIM OF THE STUDY: It was assessment of the data of primary non malignant tumor therapy in Cracovian Department of Otolaryngology.
  • In 118 cases primary benign orbital tumors were removed, in remaining patients tumors were malignant.
  • [MeSH-major] Ophthalmologic Surgical Procedures. Orbital Neoplasms / surgery
  • [MeSH-minor] Adolescent. Adult. Aged. Aged, 80 and over. Child. Child, Preschool. Hospitals, University. Humans. Infant. Middle Aged. Orbit / surgery. Orbit Evisceration / methods. Otolaryngology. Retrospective Studies. Treatment Outcome

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  • (PMID = 17348418.001).
  • [ISSN] 0033-2240
  • [Journal-full-title] Przegla̧d lekarski
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Prz. Lek.
  • [Language] pol
  • [Publication-type] English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Poland
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7. Lo Muzio L, Mascolo M, Capodiferro S, Favia G, Maiorano E: Solitary fibrous tumor of the oral cavity: the need for an extensive sampling for a correct diagnosis. J Oral Pathol Med; 2007 Oct;36(9):538-42
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  • [Title] Solitary fibrous tumor of the oral cavity: the need for an extensive sampling for a correct diagnosis.
  • BACKGROUND: Solitary fibrous tumor (SFT) is an uncommon but well-characterized soft tissue tumor that was first described as a pleural lesion and now is considered ubiquitous, having been detected at many extra-pleural sites (abdominal cavity, orbit, upper respiratory tract, and oral cavity).
  • Histologically, SFT may show wide morphological variability of both its cellular and stromal components, which may lead to incorrect diagnosis especially when dealing with small incisional biopsies.
  • RESULTS: Microscopically all eight tumors showed widely variable morphological features in terms of cellular density and stromal architecture, thus simulating benign fibrous histiocytoma, schwannoma, hemangiopericytoma or low-grade sarcoma in distinct areas of the same lesion.
  • Among these eight cases, five had been diagnosed as SFT, two as benign fibrous histiocytoma and one as low-grade sarcoma.
  • [MeSH-major] Mouth Neoplasms / diagnosis. Neoplasms, Fibrous Tissue / diagnosis
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Aged. Cytodiagnosis / methods. Diagnosis, Differential. Female. Humans. Immunoenzyme Techniques. Male. Middle Aged

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  • (PMID = 17850437.001).
  • [ISSN] 0904-2512
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of oral pathology & medicine : official publication of the International Association of Oral Pathologists and the American Academy of Oral Pathology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Oral Pathol. Med.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Denmark
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8. Margalit N, Ezer H, Fliss DM, Naftaliev E, Nossek E, Kesler A: Orbital tumors treated using transcranial approaches: surgical technique and neuroophthalmogical results in 41 patients. Neurosurg Focus; 2007;23(5):E11
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Orbital tumors treated using transcranial approaches: surgical technique and neuroophthalmogical results in 41 patients.
  • OBJECT: Orbital tumors can be divided schematically into primary lesions, originating from the orbit itself, and secondary lesions, extending to the orbit from neighboring structures.
  • The authors evaluate 41 cases of benign and malignant tumors involving the orbit and discuss the surgical challenge, which involves tumor removal, preserving visual function and cosmetic reconstruction.
  • METHODS: The authors performed a retrospective analysis of a series of all cases involving patients who underwent surgery for treatment of orbital tumors in their hospital between December 2003 and December 2006.
  • Two patients had metastases to the orbit.
  • Maxillectomy through a Weber-Ferguson approach or a facial degloving approach was added in 5 cases to complete tumor removal.
  • Excluding the patients who underwent orbital exenteration, none of the patients had visual deterioration following surgery, and most had no change in their visual condition.
  • Two patients had temporary diplopia, 1 had a cerebrospinal fluid leak, and 1 had enophthalmos following removal of an orbital osteosarcoma.
  • CONCLUSIONS: Orbital tumors can be treated safely using transcranial approaches in many cases.
  • Preoperative imaging can accurately define the compartments involved and the surgical approach needed for tumor removal.
  • A multidisciplinary team of surgeons facilitates optimal tumor removal and skull base sealing as well as good cosmetic results.
  • [MeSH-major] Ophthalmologic Surgical Procedures / methods. Orbital Neoplasms / surgery. Reconstructive Surgical Procedures / methods


9. Asensio Sánchez VM, Alonso M, Sierra JM: [Positron emission tomography in the diagnosis of orbital relapse of choroidal melanoma]. Arch Soc Esp Oftalmol; 2005 Feb;80(2):113-5
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  • [Title] [Positron emission tomography in the diagnosis of orbital relapse of choroidal melanoma].
  • [Transliterated title] Tomografía por emisión de positrones en el diagnóstico de recidiva orbitaria de un melanoma de coroides.
  • Three years later MRI demonstrated images compatible with recurrent tumor in the orbit.
  • DISCUSSION: In patients after enucleation of choroidal melanoma, conventional imaging techniques can fail to establish differentiation between malignant from post-surgery and benign anatomic abnormalities in orbital tissue that can be detected by PET scanning.
  • [MeSH-major] Choroid Neoplasms / pathology. Melanoma / secondary. Neoplasm Recurrence, Local / diagnosis. Orbit / pathology. Orbital Neoplasms / secondary. Positron-Emission Tomography
  • [MeSH-minor] Aged. Diagnosis, Differential. Humans. Magnetic Resonance Imaging. Male

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  • (PMID = 15750891.001).
  • [ISSN] 0365-6691
  • [Journal-full-title] Archivos de la Sociedad Española de Oftalmología
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Arch Soc Esp Oftalmol
  • [Language] spa
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Spain
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10. Krásný J, Sach J, Brunnerová R, Konvicka J, Jankovská M, Srp A, Kozák J: [Orbital tumors in adults--a 10-year study]. Cesk Slov Oftalmol; 2008 Nov;64(6):219-27
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  • [Title] [Orbital tumors in adults--a 10-year study].
  • The authors refer about diagnostic procedures, treatment and follow-up of 87 adult patients with orbital tumors during the period 1998 - 2007 in the Department of Ophthalmology, Faculty Hospital Královské Vinohrady, Charles University, Prague, Czech Republic, E.U.
  • In 49 patients, the tumors were of benign origin (age 18-80 years, median, 48 years), and 38 patients suffered from malign tumors (age 38-89 years, median, 61 years).
  • Among basic examinations methods ranked the magnetic resonance imaging and the histological verification of the tumor.
  • The anterior diagnostic or therapeutic orbitotomy was used in 72.5% of the cases, lateral osteoplastic orbitotomy (Kronlein) in 14.5%, and exenteration of the orbit in 13% of the cases.
  • Altogether 23 patients were treated without surgery by means of corticosteroids, or are followed-up due to a benign tumor only.
  • As the most common, the inflammatory pseudotumors of the orbit were diagnosed in 40%.
  • Clinically they were of the anterior nodular, or posterior diffuse form, dacryoadenitis or orbital myositis.
  • In four cases the sarcoidosis was established.The second tumor in the final ranking was lymphoma in 19.5%; the MALT-lymphoma was diagnosed in 59% of these cases.
  • Both these tumors, counting the same number as lymphomas, were the only indications to the exenteration of the orbit, and causes of the death in four patients.
  • CONCLUSION: Among orbital tumors in adults, the most common were inflammatory pseudotumor and lymphoma.
  • [MeSH-major] Orbital Neoplasms

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  • (PMID = 19110961.001).
  • [ISSN] 1211-9059
  • [Journal-full-title] Ceská a slovenská oftalmologie : casopis Ceské oftalmologické spolecnosti a Slovenské oftalmologické spolecnosti
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Cesk Slov Oftalmol
  • [Language] cze
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Czech Republic
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11. Subramanian N, Rambhatia S, Mahesh L, Menon SV, Krishnakumar S, Biswas J, Noronha OV: Cystic schwannoma of the orbit-a case series. Orbit; 2005 Jun;24(2):125-9
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  • [Title] Cystic schwannoma of the orbit-a case series.
  • A schwannoma is an uncommon benign orbital tumor that arises from Schwann cells in the peripheral nervous system.
  • Clinical examination alone is inadequate for the diagnosis.
  • Radiological examination, like computed tomography (CT) scans, can help in the diagnosis; however, the diagnosis can only be confirmed by histopathological examination (HPE) after excision biopsy.
  • Here, the authors report four cases of orbital schwannoma with cystic degeneration that presented with proptosis and decreased vision.
  • The histopathological examination was diagnostic for orbital schwannoma with cystic degeneration.
  • Schwannoma should be included in the differential diagnosis of cystic orbital lesions.
  • [MeSH-major] Blepharoptosis / etiology. Neurilemmoma / pathology. Orbital Neoplasms / pathology. Vision Disorders / etiology

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  • (PMID = 16191802.001).
  • [ISSN] 0167-6830
  • [Journal-full-title] Orbit (Amsterdam, Netherlands)
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Orbit
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] Netherlands
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12. Mahesha V, Goyal R, Vaiphei K, Nada R, Gupta AK: Primary chondrosarcoma of ethmoid bone in a 6-year-old child. Ann Diagn Pathol; 2006 Jun;10(3):154-6
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  • Chondrosarcoma (CS) is a distinctly uncommon tumor in young patients and tends to be located in the extremities.
  • Cartilaginous tumors in young patients are benign tumors.
  • Radiological examination revealed a large destructive mass in right ethmoidal sinus extending into the surrounding sphenoidal sinus, intracranially, and the into right orbit, causing proptosis.
  • This case highlights the rarity of this tumor with regard to age of presentation and site of origin.
  • [MeSH-minor] Brain / pathology. Child. Chondroblastoma / diagnosis. Chondrosarcoma, Mesenchymal / diagnosis. Diagnosis, Differential. Humans. Magnetic Resonance Imaging. Male. Osteosarcoma / diagnosis

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  • (PMID = 16730310.001).
  • [ISSN] 1092-9134
  • [Journal-full-title] Annals of diagnostic pathology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Ann Diagn Pathol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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13. Khademi B, Niknejad N, Mahmoudi J: An aggressive psammomatoid ossifying fibroma of the sinonasal tract: report of a case. Ear Nose Throat J; 2007 Jul;86(7):400-1
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  • Aggressive psammomatoid ossifying fibromas (APOFs) represent a subgroup of related fibro-osseous lesions that appears to be unique to the nasal cavity, paranasal sinuses, and orbit.
  • Histologically they are benign, but clinically they are locally aggressive.
  • The location of this tumor made this case unusual.

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  • (PMID = 17702320.001).
  • [ISSN] 0145-5613
  • [Journal-full-title] Ear, nose, & throat journal
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Ear Nose Throat J
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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14. Warraich I, Dunn DM, Oliver JW: Solitary fibrous tumor of the orbit with epithelioid features. Arch Pathol Lab Med; 2006 Jul;130(7):1039-41
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  • [Title] Solitary fibrous tumor of the orbit with epithelioid features.
  • Recently, epithelioid solitary fibrous tumor has been reported in the mediastinum.
  • We report a case of solitary fibrous tumor of the orbit with biphasic architecture, including spindle cell and epithelioid components.
  • Both components demonstrated immunohistochemical features of a solitary fibrous tumor.
  • In this report, we discuss the differential diagnosis of solitary fibrous tumor with unusual epithelioid features.
  • Extrapleural solitary fibrous tumor should be included in the differential diagnosis of tumors of the orbit with a spindle cell appearance even in the presence of some epithelioid morphology.
  • [MeSH-major] Epithelioid Cells / pathology. Fibroma / pathology. Orbit / pathology. Orbital Neoplasms / pathology
  • [MeSH-minor] Aged. Angiofibroma / diagnosis. Biomarkers, Tumor / analysis. Diagnosis, Differential. Hemangiopericytoma / diagnosis. Histiocytoma, Benign Fibrous / diagnosis. Humans. Leiomyoma / diagnosis. Male. Meningioma / diagnosis. Neurilemmoma / diagnosis. Tomography, X-Ray Computed

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  • (PMID = 16831031.001).
  • [ISSN] 1543-2165
  • [Journal-full-title] Archives of pathology & laboratory medicine
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Arch. Pathol. Lab. Med.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Biomarkers, Tumor
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15. Looi A, Kazim M, Cortes M, Rootman J: Orbital reconstruction after eyelid- and conjunctiva-sparing orbital exenteration. Ophthal Plast Reconstr Surg; 2006 Jan-Feb;22(1):1-6
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  • [Title] Orbital reconstruction after eyelid- and conjunctiva-sparing orbital exenteration.
  • PURPOSE: To describe the technique and results of eyelid- and conjunctiva-sparing orbital exenteration with temporalis transfer and dermis-fat graft.
  • The remaining four cases retained orbital volume and eyelid structures with a reasonable cosmetic outcome.
  • CONCLUSIONS: Eyelid- and conjunctiva-sparing orbital exenteration with temporalis transfer and dermis-fat graft is a useful technique that minimizes the usual deformity and achieves good results.
  • Case selection is emphasized, as this technique is mainly reserved for histopathologically benign orbital lesions that exhibit local aggressive behavior and for malignant lesions only if there is no eyelid, lacrimal gland, or orbital fissure involvement nor significant conjunctival or deep extension of an intraocular tumor.
  • [MeSH-major] Conjunctiva / surgery. Eyelids / surgery. Orbit Evisceration. Reconstructive Surgical Procedures / methods. Surgical Flaps

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  • (PMID = 16418657.001).
  • [ISSN] 0740-9303
  • [Journal-full-title] Ophthalmic plastic and reconstructive surgery
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Ophthal Plast Reconstr Surg
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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16. Burduk PK, Seredyka-Burduk M, Olejarz E: [Giant tumor of the orbit--a case of hidradenoma]. Otolaryngol Pol; 2007;61(6):1017-20
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  • [Title] [Giant tumor of the orbit--a case of hidradenoma].
  • Orbital tumors are very differential group of lesions.
  • More often a benign lesions is found than malignant.
  • We present a case of 62 years old man with large expansion of benign tumor of the orbit with exophthalmus, eye movement disability and complete blindness.
  • The authors performed radical surgery with removing of the orbit content.
  • Histopathology described a very rare tumor of the orbit-hidradenoma.
  • [MeSH-major] Adenoma, Sweat Gland / diagnosis. Orbital Neoplasms / diagnosis. Sweat Gland Neoplasms / diagnosis

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  • (PMID = 18546956.001).
  • [ISSN] 0030-6657
  • [Journal-full-title] Otolaryngologia polska = The Polish otolaryngology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Otolaryngol Pol
  • [Language] pol
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Poland
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17. Ramlee N, Ramli N, Tajudin LS: Pleomorphic adenoma in the palpebral lobe of the lacrimal gland misdiagnosed as chalazion. Orbit; 2007 Jun;26(2):137-9
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  • The benign tumor with its intact pseudocapsule was removed through lateral orbitotomy together with the suspicious looking orbital lobe.
  • [MeSH-major] Adenoma, Pleomorphic / diagnosis. Eye Neoplasms / diagnosis. Lacrimal Apparatus Diseases / diagnosis
  • [MeSH-minor] Adolescent. Chalazion / diagnosis. Diagnosis, Differential. Female. Humans. Lacrimal Apparatus. Tomography, X-Ray Computed

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  • (PMID = 17613864.001).
  • [ISSN] 0167-6830
  • [Journal-full-title] Orbit (Amsterdam, Netherlands)
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Orbit
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] England
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18. Strek P, Zagólski O, Składzień J, Kurzyński M, Dyduch G: Osteomas of the paranasal sinuses: surgical treatment options. Med Sci Monit; 2007 May;13(5):CR244-50
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  • BACKGROUND: Osteomas are relatively common, benign, slow-growing, often asymptomatic neoplasms of the paranasal sinuses occurring mainly in the frontal and ethmoid sinuses.
  • Most commonly involved was the frontal sinus (11 cases, including a giant tumor comprising both frontal sinuses and 2 osteomas penetrating to the orbit), followed by ethmoid cells (3) and maxillary sinuses (2).

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  • (PMID = 17476198.001).
  • [ISSN] 1234-1010
  • [Journal-full-title] Medical science monitor : international medical journal of experimental and clinical research
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Med. Sci. Monit.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Poland
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19. Sieśkiewicz A, Łysoń T, Obuchowska I, Napora K, Rogowski M, Turek G, Mariak Z: [Endoscopic surgery of the orbit]. Klin Oczna; 2010;112(10-12):350-5
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  • [Title] [Endoscopic surgery of the orbit].
  • The aim of the study was to present, basing on own experience, the virtues and limitations of endoscopic transnasal surgery in the diagnosis and treatment of orbital pathologies.
  • This article contains a review of endoscopic treatment of lacrimal duct stenosis, evacuation of inflammatory lesions and benign tumors penetrating the orbit from the adjacent sinuses, management of primary intraorbital tumors, Graves-Basedov orbitopathy and posttraumatic lesions of the optic nerves.
  • Both own experience and data from the relevant literature indicate that intraorbital inflammatory lesions can nowadays be effectively treated by means of endoscopy whereas purely endoscopic removal of intraorbital tumor still remains rare because is technically demanding and requires high experience in this type of surgery.
  • [MeSH-major] Dacryocystorhinostomy. Endoscopy / methods. Orbit / surgery. Orbital Neoplasms / surgery
  • [MeSH-minor] Constriction, Pathologic / surgery. Humans. Lacrimal Duct Obstruction / diagnosis. Surgery, Computer-Assisted. Surgical Flaps. Visual Acuity

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  • (PMID = 21473090.001).
  • [ISSN] 0023-2157
  • [Journal-full-title] Klinika oczna
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Klin Oczna
  • [Language] pol
  • [Publication-type] English Abstract; Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] Poland
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20. Coutinho-Camillo CM, Brentani MM, Nagai MA: Genetic alterations in juvenile nasopharyngeal angiofibromas. Head Neck; 2008 Mar;30(3):390-400
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  • Juvenile nasopharyngeal angiofibroma (JNA) is a rare benign neoplasm of the nasopharynx that accounts for 0.5% of all head and neck tumors.
  • Although histologically benign in appearance, JNAs are locally aggressive and destructive, spreading from the nasal cavity to the nasopharynx, paranasal sinuses, and orbit skull base with intracranial extension.
  • The gender selectivity of JNA and the relatively young age at diagnosis suggest hormone-dependent development.
  • Hormonal disorders have been reported in patients with JNA, and androgen and estrogen receptors have been identified in tumor tissue; however, a hormonal influence on JNA is controversial.
  • Understanding of the molecular mechanisms involved in JNA might improve prevention, prognosis, and treatment of this tumor.

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  • [Copyright] (c) 2008 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. Head Neck, 2008.
  • (PMID = 18228521.001).
  • [ISSN] 1043-3074
  • [Journal-full-title] Head & neck
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Head Neck
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Intercellular Signaling Peptides and Proteins; 0 / RNA, Messenger; 0 / Receptors, Steroid; 0 / beta Catenin; EC 2.5.1.18 / Glutathione Transferase
  • [Number-of-references] 103
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21. Sterker I, Hagert-Winkler A, Gradistanac T, Frerich B: [Granular cell tumor of the orbit]. Ophthalmologe; 2007 Sep;104(9):803-5
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  • [Title] [Granular cell tumor of the orbit].
  • [Transliterated title] Granularzelltumor der Orbita.
  • Granular cell tumor (GCT, Abrikossoff tumor) is an extremely rare, benign tumor with a neurogenic origin occurring most commonly in the upper aerodigestive tract.
  • GCT of the orbit is a rarity, representing a diagnostic and therapeutic challenge.
  • We report on a 26 year old man suffering from unilateral ocular hypertension and retrobulbar pain.
  • The surgical removal of the GCT, extending into the orbital apex, was performed by an interdisciplinary team using a combination of "midfacial degloving" and LeFort I-osteotomy.
  • [MeSH-major] Granular Cell Tumor. Orbital Neoplasms
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Biopsy. Follow-Up Studies. Humans. Magnetic Resonance Imaging. Male. Orbit / pathology. Osteotomy. Time Factors. Treatment Outcome

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  • [Cites] J Craniofac Surg. 2004 Nov;15(6):971-7; discussion 978-9 [15547385.001]
  • [Cites] Laryngol Rhinol Otol (Stuttg). 1986 Dec;65(12):691-2 [3027476.001]
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  • (PMID = 17440732.001).
  • [ISSN] 0941-293X
  • [Journal-full-title] Der Ophthalmologe : Zeitschrift der Deutschen Ophthalmologischen Gesellschaft
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Ophthalmologe
  • [Language] ger
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Germany
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22. Sasindran V, Sriprakash, Ravikumar A, Somu L: Giant tumour of the pterygopalatine fossa. Indian J Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg; 2008 Sep;60(3):248-51
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  • [Title] Giant tumour of the pterygopalatine fossa.
  • Neurilemmomas are benign and slow growing tumours.
  • In this paper we present a case of schwannoma arising in the pterygopalatine fossa with extension into infratemporal fossa and floor of the orbit.
  • A transantral approach was used for excision of the tumor following which the defect in the floor of the orbit was reconstructed with the help of a temporoparietal flap.

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  • [Cites] Rev Stomatol Chir Maxillofac. 1990;91(6):452-6 [2291086.001]
  • [Cites] J Neurosurg. 1989 May;70(5):737-45 [2709114.001]
  • [Cites] Surg Neurol. 1988 Dec;30(6):452-6 [3222724.001]
  • (PMID = 23120554.001).
  • [ISSN] 2231-3796
  • [Journal-full-title] Indian journal of otolaryngology and head and neck surgery : official publication of the Association of Otolaryngologists of India
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Indian J Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] India
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC3450653
  • [Keywords] NOTNLM ; Infraorbital nerve / Neurilemmomma / Pterygo palatine fossa / Schwannoma
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23. Farmer JP, Lamba M, McDonald H, Commons AS: Orbital giant cell angiofibroma: immuno-histochemistry and differential diagnosis. Can J Ophthalmol; 2006 Apr;41(2):216-20
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  • [Title] Orbital giant cell angiofibroma: immuno-histochemistry and differential diagnosis.
  • On radiologic examination, the mass was seen to extend into the anterior orbit.
  • COMMENTS: Giant cell angiofibroma is a benign spindle cell neoplasm characterized by multinucleated giant cells and pseudovascular spaces with a propensity to occur in the anterior soft tissues of the orbit of middle-aged adults.
  • It is part of a wide differential diagnosis of tumours that can be separated by various histologic and immunohistochemical features, which are discussed in the report.
  • It is important to consider it preoperatively because the vascular nature of this tumour may create problems with hemostasis during excision.

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  • (PMID = 16767212.001).
  • [ISSN] 0008-4182
  • [Journal-full-title] Canadian journal of ophthalmology. Journal canadien d'ophtalmologie
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Can. J. Ophthalmol.
  • [Language] ENG
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Biomarkers, Tumor; 0 / Neoplasm Proteins
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24. Li Y, Zhang TM, An YZ, Shi JT, Fu JD, Qiu E: [Clinical study of lacrimal gland tumor involving anterior and middle cranial fossae]. Zhonghua Yi Xue Za Zhi; 2006 Jun 20;86(23):1597-9
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  • [Title] [Clinical study of lacrimal gland tumor involving anterior and middle cranial fossae].
  • OBJECTIVE: To investigate the clinical manifestations of lacrimal gland tumor involving the anterior and middle cranial fossae and the effect of transcranial-orbital approach in treatment of such tumor.
  • METHODS: A retrospective study was conducted on the clinical data of 23 cases lacrimal gland tumor involving the anterior and middle cranial fossae confirmed by radiological examination, including 11 cases of adenoid cystic carcinoma, 6 cases of pleomorphic adenocarcinoma (malignant mixed tumor), 2 cases of adenocarcinoma, 1 case of squamous cell carcinoma, 1 case of ductal carcinoma, 1 case of mucoepidermoid carcinoma, and 1 case of benign mixed tumor, 15 males and 8 females, aged 42.5 (2 - 76), with a case history of 43 months (2 months to 27 years), with the chief complaints of progressive proptosis, disgenesia of the eye ball, and orbit pain, all undergoing transcranial-orbital operation from August 1998 to February. 2006.
  • Recurrence of tumor occurred in 4 cases, and 1 case died from distant metastasis of adenocarcinoma.
  • Adequate orbital apex decompression and exposure of the tumor can result from suitable transcranial-orbital approach.
  • However, complete surgical excision is difficult, and the tumor has a tendency to recur post-operatively.
  • [MeSH-minor] Adolescent. Adult. Aged. Child. Child, Preschool. Cranial Fossa, Anterior. Cranial Fossa, Middle. Craniotomy. Female. Follow-Up Studies. Humans. Male. Middle Aged. Neoplasm Invasiveness. Retrospective Studies

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  • (PMID = 16854296.001).
  • [ISSN] 0376-2491
  • [Journal-full-title] Zhonghua yi xue za zhi
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Zhonghua Yi Xue Za Zhi
  • [Language] chi
  • [Publication-type] English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] China
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25. Arora R, Monga S, Mehta DK, Raina UK, Gogi A, Gupta SD: Malignant fibrous histiocytoma of the conjunctiva. Clin Exp Ophthalmol; 2006 Apr;34(3):275-8
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • They can occur in any part of the body including the orbital tissues.
  • Eleven of these were classified as benign, and the rest were malignant fibrous histiocytomas.
  • Benign fibrous histiocytomas have been reported in the orbit, eyelid, episclera and conjunctiva.
  • Malignant fibrous histiocytoma has been well described in the orbit, but rarely as a primary conjunctival tumour.
  • The rarity of the tumour makes its diagnosis and management a challenge.
  • Herein, the clinicopathological features of a case of malignant fibrous histiocytoma are presented and its management with wide excision and cryotherapy followed by ocular reconstruction with amniotic membrane transplant is discussed.
  • [MeSH-minor] Biomarkers, Tumor / metabolism. Humans. Male. Middle Aged. Neoplasm Proteins / metabolism

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  • (PMID = 16671910.001).
  • [ISSN] 1442-6404
  • [Journal-full-title] Clinical & experimental ophthalmology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Clin. Experiment. Ophthalmol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Australia
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Biomarkers, Tumor; 0 / Neoplasm Proteins
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26. Cerdá-Nicolás M, Löpez-Gines C, Gil-Benso R, Benito R, Pellin A, Ruiz-Saurí A, Sanchos-Garcia J, Roldan P, Talamantes F, Barberá J: Solitary fibrous tumor of the orbit: morphological, cytogenetic and molecular features. Neuropathology; 2006 Dec;26(6):557-63
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Solitary fibrous tumor of the orbit: morphological, cytogenetic and molecular features.
  • Solitary fibrous tumor (SFT), a benign neoplasm arising in mesenchymal structures, was initially described in the pleura but subsequently has also been documented in other locations.
  • It is uncommon in the orbit, where it closely resembles other benign spindle-shaped mesenchymal tumors of this area such as schwannoma, meningioma or hemangiopericytoma.
  • We present a case of orbital SFT in a 34-year-old woman.
  • Measurement of DNA content revealed a DNA index of 1, indicating a diploid peak in 95% of the tumor cells.
  • No p14(ARF), p15(INK4B) and p16(INK4A) deletions or hypermethylation were observed in this benign tumor.
  • Following surgical resection and radiotherapy, the patient showed no tumor relapse after one year of follow-up.
  • [MeSH-major] Fibroma / genetics. Fibroma / pathology. Orbital Neoplasms / genetics. Orbital Neoplasms / pathology
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Cyclin-Dependent Kinase Inhibitor p15 / genetics. Cyclin-Dependent Kinase Inhibitor p16 / genetics. DNA Methylation. Exons / genetics. Female. Gene Deletion. Genes, p53 / genetics. Humans. Magnetic Resonance Imaging. Point Mutation. Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-mdm2 / genetics. Soft Tissue Neoplasms / genetics. Soft Tissue Neoplasms / pathology. Tumor Suppressor Protein p14ARF / genetics

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  • (PMID = 17203593.001).
  • [ISSN] 0919-6544
  • [Journal-full-title] Neuropathology : official journal of the Japanese Society of Neuropathology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Neuropathology
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] Australia
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Cyclin-Dependent Kinase Inhibitor p15; 0 / Cyclin-Dependent Kinase Inhibitor p16; 0 / Tumor Suppressor Protein p14ARF; EC 6.3.2.19 / MDM2 protein, human; EC 6.3.2.19 / Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-mdm2
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27. Madge SN, Simon S, Abidin Z, Ghabrial R, Davis G, McNab A, Selva D: Primary orbital intraosseous hemangioma. Ophthal Plast Reconstr Surg; 2009 Jan-Feb;25(1):37-41
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  • [Title] Primary orbital intraosseous hemangioma.
  • PURPOSE: Primary orbital intraosseous hemangioma represents a rare, histopathologically benign, vascular tumor of the bony orbit.
  • METHODS: Retrospective, multicenter case note analysis of 4 patients with histopathologically confirmed primary orbital intraosseous hemangioma and a systematic review of the English-language literature.
  • Median duration of symptoms before presentation was 12 months (range, 1 month to 15 years) and the most frequent presentation was a painless mass, often on the orbital rim.
  • CONCLUSIONS: Primary orbital intraosseous hemangioma is a rare vascular tumor that typically presents with a mass effect in the orbits of patients in the fourth and fifth decades of life.
  • Preoperatively, it is important to be cognizant of the possible diagnosis as surgery can be complicated by life-threatening hemorrhage.
  • [MeSH-major] Hemangioma, Capillary / pathology. Hemangioma, Cavernous / pathology. Orbital Neoplasms / pathology

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  • (PMID = 19273921.001).
  • [ISSN] 1537-2677
  • [Journal-full-title] Ophthalmic plastic and reconstructive surgery
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Ophthal Plast Reconstr Surg
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article; Multicenter Study
  • [Publication-country] United States
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28. Merani R, Khannah G, Mann S, Ghabrial R: Orbital leiomyoma: a case report with clinical, radiological and pathological correlation. Clin Exp Ophthalmol; 2005 Aug;33(4):408-11
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  • [Title] Orbital leiomyoma: a case report with clinical, radiological and pathological correlation.
  • Orbital leiomyoma is a benign tumour of smooth muscle origin that can be clinically, radiologically and histopathologically difficult to diagnose due to the rarity of leiomyomas in this location.
  • Microscopically the lesion was a well-circumscribed tumour composed of spindle cells.
  • There were no light microscopic features to suggest malignancy, and immunohistochemistry was used to confirm the diagnosis of leiomyoma.
  • Leiomyoma is a tumour that is rarely found in the orbit most likely due to the paucity of smooth muscle in this location.
  • The differential diagnosis is wide, and the role of radiology, histology and immunohistochemistry in the diagnosis of leiomyoma is discussed.
  • Surgical excision in this case excluded malignancy, provided a definitive diagnosis of a rare entity and resulted in marked clinical improvement.
  • [MeSH-major] Leiomyoma / pathology. Leiomyoma / radiography. Orbital Neoplasms / pathology. Orbital Neoplasms / radiography
  • [MeSH-minor] Actins / analysis. Aged. Antigens, CD34 / analysis. Biomarkers, Tumor / analysis. Desmin / analysis. Diagnosis, Differential. Female. Humans. Immunohistochemistry. Magnetic Resonance Imaging. Ophthalmologic Surgical Procedures. Tomography, X-Ray Computed

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  • (PMID = 16033356.001).
  • [ISSN] 1442-6404
  • [Journal-full-title] Clinical & experimental ophthalmology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Clin. Experiment. Ophthalmol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Australia
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Actins; 0 / Antigens, CD34; 0 / Biomarkers, Tumor; 0 / Desmin
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29. Sidani CA, Karam AR, Bruce JH, Sklar E: Osteoblastoma of the frontal sinuses presenting with headache and blurred vision: case report and review of the literature. J Radiol Case Rep; 2010;4(6):1-7
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  • Osteoblastoma is a rare benign bone tumor that usually arises in the vertebral column and long bones of young adults.
  • Computed tomography (CT) demonstrated an expansile lesion involving both frontal sinuses with sclerotic and fibrous components, eroding into the roof of the left orbit.

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  • (PMID = 22470734.001).
  • [ISSN] 1943-0922
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of radiology case reports
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Radiol Case Rep
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC3303412
  • [Keywords] NOTNLM ; Frontal sinus / exophthalmos / osteoblastoma
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30. Bikmaz K, Mrak R, Al-Mefty O: Management of bone-invasive, hyperostotic sphenoid wing meningiomas. J Neurosurg; 2007 Nov;107(5):905-12
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  • OBJECT: The hyperostosis frequently associated with sphenoid wing meningiomas is actual invasion of bone by the tumor.
  • The intracranial portion of the tumor is usually thin with en plaque spread, and the tumor tends to invade the orbit through the superior orbital fissure.
  • Seventeen of the patients had the distinguishing characteristics of hyperostotic sphenoid wing meningiomas-extensive bone invasion, en plaque dural involvement, and a minimal intracranial mass with minimal orbital involvement.
  • Revision of the orbital reconstruction was required because of postoperative enophthalmos (two cases) or restricted postoperative ocular movement (one case).
  • These lesions are generally histologically benign.
  • [MeSH-major] Hyperostosis / pathology. Meningeal Neoplasms / pathology. Meningeal Neoplasms / surgery. Meningioma / surgery. Neoplasm Invasiveness / pathology. Orbit / pathology
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Aged. Dura Mater / surgery. Female. Follow-Up Studies. Humans. Ki-67 Antigen / analysis. Male. Middle Aged. Neoplasm Recurrence, Local. Receptors, Estrogen / analysis. Receptors, Progesterone / analysis. Treatment Outcome

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  • (PMID = 17977259.001).
  • [ISSN] 0022-3085
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of neurosurgery
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Neurosurg.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Ki-67 Antigen; 0 / Receptors, Estrogen; 0 / Receptors, Progesterone
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31. Romer M, Bode B, Schuknecht B, Schmid S, Holzmann D: Solitary fibrous tumor of the orbit--two cases and a review of the literature. Eur Arch Otorhinolaryngol; 2005 Feb;262(2):81-8
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  • [Title] Solitary fibrous tumor of the orbit--two cases and a review of the literature.
  • Solitary fibrous tumors of the orbit (SFT) are mesenchymal lesions that can develop either as malignant or benign neoplasias.
  • We describe the histological features leading to the diagnosis in two females and review the current literature.
  • Diagnosis of SFT only can be performed by histological examination, since clinical signs and radiological features are not specific enough.
  • Even a malignant or benign course cannot be predicted, since clinical and radiological features do not correlate with histological signs of malignancy and vice versa.
  • [MeSH-major] Neoplasms, Fibrous Tissue / pathology. Orbital Neoplasms / pathology
  • [MeSH-minor] Aged. Diagnosis, Differential. Female. Humans. Magnetic Resonance Imaging. Tomography, X-Ray Computed

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  • (PMID = 15316820.001).
  • [ISSN] 0937-4477
  • [Journal-full-title] European archives of oto-rhino-laryngology : official journal of the European Federation of Oto-Rhino-Laryngological Societies (EUFOS) : affiliated with the German Society for Oto-Rhino-Laryngology - Head and Neck Surgery
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Eur Arch Otorhinolaryngol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Germany
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32. Liarakos VS, Ilari L, Chalvatzis N, Papaparaskeva K, Mavrikakis I: Isolated orbital fibrous dysplasia associated with ipsilateral keratoconus. Orbit; 2010 Jun;29(3):154-7
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  • [Title] Isolated orbital fibrous dysplasia associated with ipsilateral keratoconus.
  • INTRODUCTION: Fibrous dysplasia is a primary orbital bone tumor, described as a benign disorder in which proliferation of fibrous tissue and osteoid replaces and distorts the bone from which it derives.
  • High resolution corneal topography confirmed unilateral keratoconus and a CT scan showed an ovoid mass with a well defined sclerotic margin arising from the left ethmoid sinus and invading the orbit.
  • [MeSH-major] Fibrous Dysplasia of Bone / diagnosis. Fibrous Dysplasia of Bone / surgery. Keratoconus / diagnosis. Keratoconus / surgery. Orbit / pathology
  • [MeSH-minor] Biopsy, Needle. Ethmoid Sinus / pathology. Ethmoid Sinus / surgery. Exophthalmos / diagnosis. Exophthalmos / etiology. Follow-Up Studies. Humans. Immunohistochemistry. Lacrimal Apparatus Diseases / diagnosis. Lacrimal Apparatus Diseases / etiology. Male. Rare Diseases. Risk Assessment. Tomography, X-Ray Computed / methods. Treatment Outcome. Vision Disorders / diagnosis. Vision Disorders / etiology. Young Adult

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  • (PMID = 20497083.001).
  • [ISSN] 1744-5108
  • [Journal-full-title] Orbit (Amsterdam, Netherlands)
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Orbit
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] England
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33. Livaoĝlu M, Cakir E, Karaçal N: Large orbital osteoma arising from orbital roof: Excision through an upper blepharoplasty incision. Orbit; 2009;28(2-3):200-2
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  • [Title] Large orbital osteoma arising from orbital roof: Excision through an upper blepharoplasty incision.
  • Osteoma is the most common benign tumor of facial bony structure.
  • We report a case of intraorbital, pedicled osteoma originating from the left orbital roof.
  • There were not any postoperative complications and all ocular symptoms in the left eye were resolved after 1 month.
  • [MeSH-major] Orbital Neoplasms / diagnosis. Orbital Neoplasms / surgery. Osteoma / diagnosis. Osteoma / surgery
  • [MeSH-minor] Biopsy, Needle. Blepharoplasty / methods. Blepharoptosis / diagnosis. Blepharoptosis / etiology. Follow-Up Studies. Humans. Imaging, Three-Dimensional. Immunohistochemistry. Male. Middle Aged. Neoplasm Staging. Ophthalmologic Surgical Procedures / methods. Risk Assessment. Time Factors. Tomography, X-Ray Computed. Treatment Outcome

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  • (PMID = 19839914.001).
  • [ISSN] 1744-5108
  • [Journal-full-title] Orbit (Amsterdam, Netherlands)
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Orbit
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] England
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34. Amoli FA, Mehrabani PM, Tari AS: Aggressive orbital optic nerve meningioma with benign microscopic features: a case report. Orbit; 2007 Dec;26(4):271-4
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  • [Title] Aggressive orbital optic nerve meningioma with benign microscopic features: a case report.
  • Here we report the case of a 20-year-old female with an aggressive orbital meningioma referred to the Ophthalmology Department of the Farabi Hospital in Tehran.
  • The patient had a history of orbital meningioma from 10 years ago and several surgical resections due to tumor recurrence during these 10 years.
  • On admission, the patient had a large orbital mass and severe proptosis.
  • MRI images revealed a large left orbital mass with optic nerve involvement and extension to the left maxillary sinus, pterygoid fossa and the dura in the floor of the anterior fossa.
  • Fine-needle aspiration cytology of the mass confirmed tumor recurrence.
  • The patient first received radiotherapy due to the inoperable mass, and the tumor was resected 1.5 month later.
  • The interesting aspect of this case was the aggressive behavior of the tumor with intraocular invasion, despite its benign histopathological features, which led to wide exenteration of the eye together with resection of the upper and lower lids.
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Combined Modality Therapy. Female. Humans. Magnetic Resonance Imaging. Neoplasm Invasiveness. Neoplasm Recurrence, Local

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  • (PMID = 18097966.001).
  • [ISSN] 0167-6830
  • [Journal-full-title] Orbit (Amsterdam, Netherlands)
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Orbit
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] England
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35. Nagulić M, Nikolić I, Manojlović-Gacić E, Skender-Gazibara M: Multiple cavernous hemangiomas of the orbit: separate occurrence within a 24-year period. Vojnosanit Pregl; 2010 Jun;67(6):507-10
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  • [Title] Multiple cavernous hemangiomas of the orbit: separate occurrence within a 24-year period.
  • BACKGROUND: Cavernous hemangioma is a frequent and the most common, primary, benign tumor of the orbit in adults.
  • Multiple orbital cavernous hemangiomas without signs of hemangiomatosis are rare.
  • Tumor recurrence is supposed to develop from vasculature that is present already in response to a proliferate stimulus.
  • CASE REPORT: A 39-year-old female with painless proptosis of the right orbit was found to have four orbital tumors.
  • Six years later, another, the fifth one cavernous hemangioma was totally excised from the same orbit.
  • Nine years after the first operation, reorbitotomy was performed because of positive radiological and clinical signs of de novo tumor in the orbit.
  • CONCLUSION: This case show the possibility of cavernous hemangioma recurrence after a previously totally excised tumor, separated more than two decades.
  • A very long follow-up of the patients operated for these benign tumor lesions is recommended.
  • [MeSH-major] Hemangioma, Cavernous. Neoplasm Recurrence, Local. Neoplasms, Multiple Primary. Orbital Neoplasms

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  • (PMID = 20629431.001).
  • [ISSN] 0042-8450
  • [Journal-full-title] Vojnosanitetski pregled
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Vojnosanit Pregl
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Serbia
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36. Kapur R, Mafee MF, Lamba R, Edward DP: Orbital schwannoma and neurofibroma: role of imaging. Neuroimaging Clin N Am; 2005 Feb;15(1):159-74
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  • [Title] Orbital schwannoma and neurofibroma: role of imaging.
  • Schwannomas are well-circumscribed ovoid masses that most commonly present in the superior orbit.
  • Although it may be difficult to differentiate these benign masses from other orbital tumors on radiologic imaging, the CT and, in particular, the MR imaging characteristics can sometimes point to the diagnosis of a nerve sheath tumor.
  • A definitive diagnosis can be made through correlation with histopathologic findings, however.
  • [MeSH-major] Magnetic Resonance Imaging. Neurilemmoma / diagnosis. Neurofibroma / diagnosis. Orbital Neoplasms / diagnosis. Tomography, X-Ray Computed
  • [MeSH-minor] Diagnosis, Differential. Humans

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  • (PMID = 15927866.001).
  • [ISSN] 1052-5149
  • [Journal-full-title] Neuroimaging clinics of North America
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Neuroimaging Clin. N. Am.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Grant] United States / NEI NIH HHS / EY / EY01792
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.; Review
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Number-of-references] 34
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37. Bianciotto C, Shields CL, Lally SE, Freire J, Shields JA: CyberKnife radiosurgery for the treatment of intraocular and periocular lymphoma. Arch Ophthalmol; 2010 Dec;128(12):1561-7
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  • The tissue location of the lymphoma was orbit (7 eyes), conjunctiva (3 eyes), choroid (2 eyes), and retina (2 eyes).
  • The lymphoma type was classified as extranodal marginal zone B-cell lymphoma in 7 eyes (50%), diffuse large B-cell lymphoma in 3 eyes (21%), follicular lymphoma in 2 eyes (14%), and benign reactive lymphoid hyperplasia in 2 eyes (14%).
  • Complete tumor resolution without local recurrence over a mean follow-up of 23 months was documented in all cases.

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  • (PMID = 21149780.001).
  • [ISSN] 1538-3601
  • [Journal-full-title] Archives of ophthalmology (Chicago, Ill. : 1960)
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Arch. Ophthalmol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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38. Kummoona R: The managements of orofacial tumors of children in Iraq. J Craniofac Surg; 2009 Jan;20(1):143-50
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  • Tumors included 20 cases of benign tumors and 35 cases malignant.
  • Treatment modalities ranged from complete surgical excision, surgical shaving operations, and deep x-ray therapy (DXT; radiotherapy) for some benign tumors.
  • Reconstruction of the mandible was carried out using a rib graft or a block of a corticocancellous bone graft from the iliac crest with reimplantation of the condyle after resection from the tumor and fixed by rigid fixation to the bone graft.
  • A temporalis muscle flap was used for the augmentation of the orbit with a frontoorbital flap after radical excision of a malignant tumor of the orbit, and a silastic implant (silicon rubber) was used for reconstruction of the orbital floor.
  • The aim of this study was to present a certain number of cases with an interesting pathologic tumor condition showing peculiar behaviors; the management of these cases was a challenge to our surgical experience.

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  • (PMID = 19165012.001).
  • [ISSN] 1536-3732
  • [Journal-full-title] The Journal of craniofacial surgery
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Craniofac Surg
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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39. Wang HY, Fan QH, Gong QX, Wang Z: [Clinicopathologic characteristics of hemangiopericytoma/solitary fibrous tumor with giant cells]. Zhonghua Bing Li Xue Za Zhi; 2009 Mar;38(3):169-72
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  • [Title] [Clinicopathologic characteristics of hemangiopericytoma/solitary fibrous tumor with giant cells].
  • OBJECTIVE: To study the pathological characteristics, diagnosis and differential diagnoses of hemangiopericytoma-solitary fibrous tumor with giant cells.
  • METHODS: Pathological characteristics of seven cases of orbital and extraorbital hemangiopericytoma-solitary fibrous tumors with giant cells were evaluated by HE and immunohistochemistry (EnVision method).
  • RESULTS: Two cases were located in the orbit, one of which had recurred.
  • Seven patients underwent tumor excision and were well and without tumor recurrence upon the clinical follow-up.
  • CONCLUSIONS: Hemangiopericytoma-solitary fibrous tumor with giant cells is an intermediate soft tissue tumor.
  • It typically involves the orbital or extraorbital regions.
  • Histologically, the tumor should be distinguished from giant cell fibroblastoma, pleomorphic hyalinzing angiectatic tumor of soft part and angiomatoid fibrous histiocytoma.
  • [MeSH-major] Hemangiopericytoma / pathology. Orbital Neoplasms / pathology. Solitary Fibrous Tumors / pathology
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Antigens, CD / metabolism. Antigens, CD34 / metabolism. Cell Adhesion Molecules / metabolism. Dermatofibrosarcoma / pathology. Diagnosis, Differential. Female. Follow-Up Studies. Histiocytoma, Benign Fibrous / pathology. Humans. Immunohistochemistry. Male. Middle Aged. Neoplasm Recurrence, Local. Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-bcl-2 / metabolism. Soft Tissue Neoplasms / pathology. Solitary Fibrous Tumor, Pleural / metabolism. Solitary Fibrous Tumor, Pleural / pathology. Solitary Fibrous Tumor, Pleural / surgery. Young Adult

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  • (PMID = 19575851.001).
  • [ISSN] 0529-5807
  • [Journal-full-title] Zhonghua bing li xue za zhi = Chinese journal of pathology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Zhonghua Bing Li Xue Za Zhi
  • [Language] chi
  • [Publication-type] English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] China
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Antigens, CD; 0 / Antigens, CD34; 0 / CD99 protein, human; 0 / Cell Adhesion Molecules; 0 / Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-bcl-2
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40. Dutton JJ, Wright JD Jr: Intramuscular lipoma of the superior oblique muscle. Orbit; 2006 Sep;25(3):227-33
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  • We describe a rare intramuscular infiltrating lipomatous tumor affecting the superior oblique muscle.
  • Biopsy showed an infiltrative tumor consisting of adipocytes with included degenerated muscle fibers.
  • Histologic features were consistent with a benign intramuscular lipoma, rather than the more aggressive well-differentiated liposarcoma.
  • A review of the literature found three previously described periorbital cases, two in the eyelid, and one in the anterior orbit.
  • Lipomas are common tumors that usually do not cause functional impairment but are very rare in the orbit.
  • Enlargement of an extraocular or periorbital muscle with a low-density infiltrating lesion should raise suspicion for this unusual tumor.

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  • (PMID = 16987771.001).
  • [ISSN] 0167-6830
  • [Journal-full-title] Orbit (Amsterdam, Netherlands)
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Orbit
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] England
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41. Fernandes BF, Castiglione E, Belfort RN, Codère F, Burnier MN Jr: Orbital leiomyoma: histopathologic and immunohistochemical findings of a rare tumor. Ophthal Plast Reconstr Surg; 2009 Jan-Feb;25(1):59-61
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  • [Title] Orbital leiomyoma: histopathologic and immunohistochemical findings of a rare tumor.
  • A 51-year-old man was referred for evaluation of a right orbital hemangioma.
  • The tumor did not compromise other orbital structures.
  • On the basis of the histopathologic and immunohistochemical findings, the diagnosis of orbital leiomyoma was established.
  • Orbital leiomyoma is a slow-growing tumor that can be located anywhere in the orbit.
  • Although there are no unique features that help the radiologist to exclude other benign lesions of the orbit, the histopathologic diagnosis using immunohistochemical markers is usually straightforward.
  • Attention to the cytologic features that exclude the malignant variant is of utmost relevance for proper diagnosis and patient counseling.
  • [MeSH-major] Leiomyoma / pathology. Orbital Neoplasms / pathology
  • [MeSH-minor] Biomarkers, Tumor / analysis. Humans. Immunoenzyme Techniques. Male. Middle Aged. Tomography, X-Ray Computed

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  • (PMID = 19273932.001).
  • [ISSN] 1537-2677
  • [Journal-full-title] Ophthalmic plastic and reconstructive surgery
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Ophthal Plast Reconstr Surg
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Biomarkers, Tumor
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42. Aitasalo KM, Peltola MJ: Bioactive glass hydroxyapatite in fronto-orbital defect reconstruction. Plast Reconstr Surg; 2007 Dec;120(7):1963-72; discussion 1973-4
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  • [Title] Bioactive glass hydroxyapatite in fronto-orbital defect reconstruction.
  • METHODS: In a retrospective series of 150 patients, 62 patients underwent reconstruction with frontal sinus obliteration after chronic frontal sinusitis, 65 patients were operated on for fronto-orbital traumas, and 23 patients underwent reconstruction after fronto-orbital tumor resections.
  • In fronto-orbital reconstructions, we have reoperated on the orbital floor in four cases (7 percent).
  • All 12 benign tumor patients and six of 11 malignant tumor patients survived during a follow-up of 3 years.
  • Two of the 23 (9 percent) complicated tumor and trauma patients underwent reoperation because of a local mucocele.
  • The reconstructions with bioactive glass and hydroxyapatite are associated with good functional and aesthetic results without donor-site morbidity.
  • [MeSH-major] Bone Substitutes. Durapatite. Frontal Bone / surgery. Glass. Orbit / surgery. Reconstructive Surgical Procedures / instrumentation
  • [MeSH-minor] Adolescent. Adult. Aged. Child. Female. Frontal Sinus / surgery. Frontal Sinusitis / surgery. Humans. Male. Materials Testing. Middle Aged. Mucocele / surgery. Orbital Neoplasms / surgery. Recurrence. Retrospective Studies. Skull Neoplasms / surgery

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  • (PMID = 18090760.001).
  • [ISSN] 1529-4242
  • [Journal-full-title] Plastic and reconstructive surgery
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Plast. Reconstr. Surg.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Evaluation Studies; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Bone Substitutes; 91D9GV0Z28 / Durapatite
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43. Kashkouli MB, Khalatbari MR, Yahyavi T, Borghei Razavi H, Shayanfar N, Parvaresh MM: Primary endo-orbital osteoid osteoma. Orbit; 2008;27(3):211-3
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  • [Title] Primary endo-orbital osteoid osteoma.
  • Osteiod osteoma is a small, benign, osteoblastic tumor, which usually affects the long bone of the lower extremities and vertebrae.
  • Herein, we report the first case of endo-orbital osteoid osteoma.
  • Imaging studies showed a small (15 x 11 mm in size) lesion on the roof of the left orbit with contrast enhancement.
  • [MeSH-major] Orbital Neoplasms / pathology. Orbital Neoplasms / surgery. Osteoma, Osteoid / pathology. Osteoma, Osteoid / surgery
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Biopsy, Needle. Exophthalmos / diagnosis. Exophthalmos / etiology. Follow-Up Studies. Humans. Immunohistochemistry. Magnetic Resonance Imaging. Male. Neoplasm Staging. Risk Assessment. Tomography, X-Ray Computed. Treatment Outcome

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  • (PMID = 18569832.001).
  • [ISSN] 1744-5108
  • [Journal-full-title] Orbit (Amsterdam, Netherlands)
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Orbit
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] England
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44. Schmack I, Patel RM, Folpe AL, Wojno T, Zaldivar RA, Balzer B, Kang SJ, Weiss SW, Grossniklaus HE: Subconjunctival herniated orbital fat: A benign adipocytic lesion that may mimic pleomorphic lipoma and atypical lipomatous tumor. Am J Surg Pathol; 2007 Feb;31(2):193-8
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  • [Title] Subconjunctival herniated orbital fat: A benign adipocytic lesion that may mimic pleomorphic lipoma and atypical lipomatous tumor.
  • Prolapse of subconjunctival intraconal orbital fat is a rare cause of an intraorbital mass lesion.
  • Over the past several years, we have seen a number of cases in which this prolapsed fat was confused pathologically with a neoplasm of adipocytic lineage, specifically pleomorphic lipoma and atypical lipomatous neoplasm (well-differentiated liposarcoma).
  • We report the clinical, histopathologic, and immunohistochemical findings in 21 specimens from 17 patients, all of whom presented with prolapsed intraconal orbital fat.
  • Subconjunctival prolapsed orbital fat was localized in the superotemporal quadrant or lateral canthus around the rectus muscle below the lacrimal gland.
  • "Control" sections of normal orbital fat showed occasional Lochkern cells but lacked floret cells.
  • We conclude that subconjunctival herniated orbital fat commonly contains multinucleated floretlike giant cells, fibrous septae, and Lochkern cells, features that may result in diagnostic confusion with pleomorphic lipoma and atypical lipomatous neoplasms.
  • Importantly, specific diagnostic features, such as aggregates of bland spindled cells associated with wiry collagen, as seen in pleomorphic lipoma, and enlarged hyperchromatic cells within fibrous septae, as in atypical lipomatous neoplasms, are entirely absent in herniated orbital fat.
  • Multinucleated floret cells present in prolapsed orbital fat likely represent a reactive phenomenon, as they are not present in normal orbital fat.
  • [MeSH-major] Adipose Tissue / pathology. Conjunctiva / pathology. Conjunctival Diseases / pathology. Eye Neoplasms / diagnosis. Lipoma / diagnosis. Liposarcoma / diagnosis. Orbit / pathology
  • [MeSH-minor] Adipocytes / metabolism. Adipocytes / pathology. Adult. Aged. Aged, 80 and over. Biomarkers / metabolism. Diagnosis, Differential. Female. Humans. Male. Middle Aged. Prolapse. Tomography, X-Ray Computed

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  • (PMID = 17255763.001).
  • [ISSN] 0147-5185
  • [Journal-full-title] The American journal of surgical pathology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Am. J. Surg. Pathol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Grant] United States / NEI NIH HHS / EY / P30-EY06360
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Biomarkers
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45. Meli GA, Meli L, Chiaramonte R, Riva G, Pero G: Osteoblastoma of the orbit. A case report and review of the literature. Neuroradiol J; 2008 Feb 18;21(1):71-6
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  • [Title] Osteoblastoma of the orbit. A case report and review of the literature.
  • We describe a case of benign orbital tumour involving the frontal sinus and ethmoidal cells.
  • CT findings were typical of "bone tumour of the orbit", histological analysis yielded a diagnosis of benign osteoblastoma.
  • The orbit is rarely involved by bone tumours, but all bone tumours may theoretically involve the orbit, often making it difficult to establish the right differential diagnosis by imaging.
  • Even though many literature reports suggest CT is the landmark in bone tumour diagnosis, we think it should always be accompanied by MRI.
  • MRI is known to overestimate local staging, but its contribution to differential diagnosis among various tumours may be decisive.

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  • (PMID = 24256752.001).
  • [ISSN] 1971-4009
  • [Journal-full-title] The neuroradiology journal
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Neuroradiol J
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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46. Dériot JB, Ledoux-Pilon A, Pilon F, Ravel A, Déchelotte P, Rigal D, Chiambaretta F: [Solitary fibrous tumor of the orbit: an unusual cause of unilateral proptosis. Case report with a review of the literature]. J Fr Ophtalmol; 2005 Nov;28(9):999-1005
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  • [Title] [Solitary fibrous tumor of the orbit: an unusual cause of unilateral proptosis. Case report with a review of the literature].
  • [Transliterated title] Tumeur fibreuse solitaire de l'orbite: une cause inhabituelle d'exophtalmie unilatérale. A propos d'un cas avec revue de la littérature.
  • BACKGROUND: The solitary fibrous tumor (SFT) is a spindle-cell tumor that very rarely involves the orbit.
  • Histological examination of the lesion removed by anterior orbitotomy confirmed the diagnosis of the SFT of the orbit.
  • DISCUSSION: The diagnosis of SFT is histological.
  • It is a mesenchymal tumor.
  • Immunohistochemically, the tumor cells are strongly positive for CD34 and vimentin.
  • CONCLUSION: The SFT of the orbit is a very rare and generally benign tumor.
  • It must be immunohistochemically differentiated from other spindle-cell tumors of the orbit.
  • [MeSH-major] Exophthalmos / etiology. Orbital Neoplasms / complications

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  • (PMID = 16395228.001).
  • [ISSN] 1773-0597
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal français d'ophtalmologie
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Fr Ophtalmol
  • [Language] fre
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; English Abstract; Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] France
  • [Number-of-references] 36
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47. Song JJ, Finger PT, Kurli M, Wisnicki HJ, Iacob CE: Giant secondary conjunctival inclusion cysts: a late complication of strabismus surgery. Ophthalmology; 2006 Jun;113(6):1049.e1-2
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  • The patient's ocular history, ophthalmic examinations, and imaging (ultrasound/ultrasound biomicroscopy and/or computed tomography) were recorded.
  • Histopathologic evaluations were consistent with benign inclusion cysts of the conjunctiva.
  • Tumor size, cystic nature, and involvement of underlying structures can be determined by ultrasonography and radiographic imaging.
  • [MeSH-minor] Child. Female. Humans. Male. Microscopy, Acoustic. Middle Aged. Oculomotor Muscles / surgery. Ophthalmologic Surgical Procedures. Orbit / radiography. Orbit / ultrasonography. Retrospective Studies. Tomography, X-Ray Computed

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  • (PMID = 16631253.001).
  • [ISSN] 1549-4713
  • [Journal-full-title] Ophthalmology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Ophthalmology
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] United States
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48. Hirschbein MJ, Collins S, Jean WC, Chang SD, Adler JR Jr: Treatment of intraorbital lesions using the Accuray CyberKnife system. Orbit; 2008;27(2):97-105
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  • METHODS: This retrospective, non-comparative, interventional case series included 16 patients (6 women and 10 men) with lesions located wholly within the orbit.
  • Thirteen cases involved tumors (31% benign and 69% malignant), two cases presented with chronic orbital inflammation and one patient had intraorbital tissue growth secondary to Graves disease.
  • The main outcome measures analyzed were change in tumor/neoplasm size, pain, visual field preservation and visual acuity, which were followed for up to 15 months.
  • RESULTS: Twelve patients had a postoperative MRI, which revealed either a decrease or stabilization of tumor size.
  • In the five lymphoma cases there was complete disappearance of the tumor.
  • CONCLUSIONS: Staged CyberKnife radiosurgery is an effective option for the treatment of intraorbital lesions that controls tumor size, relieves pain, and preserves vision.
  • [MeSH-major] Orbital Neoplasms / radiotherapy. Orbital Neoplasms / surgery. Radiosurgery / instrumentation. Surgery, Computer-Assisted / instrumentation

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  • (PMID = 18415869.001).
  • [ISSN] 1744-5108
  • [Journal-full-title] Orbit (Amsterdam, Netherlands)
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Orbit
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Multicenter Study; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Contrast Media; 4419T9MX03 / Iohexol
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49. Lardinois D, Weder W, Roudas M, von Schulthess GK, Tutic M, Moch H, Stahel RA, Steinert HC: Etiology of solitary extrapulmonary positron emission tomography and computed tomography findings in patients with lung cancer. J Clin Oncol; 2005 Oct 1;23(28):6846-53
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  • A diagnosis was obtained in 69 of these patients, including 37 (54%) with solitary metastases and 32 (46%) with lesions unrelated to the lung primary.
  • Histopathologic examinations of these 32 lesions revealed a second clinically unsuspected malignancy or a recurrence of a previous diagnosed carcinoma in six patients (19%) and a benign tumor or inflammatory lesion in 26 patients (81%).
  • The six malignancies consisted of carcinoma of the breast in two patients, and carcinoma of the orbit, esophagus, prostate, and non-Hodgkin's lymphoma in one patient each.
  • Benign tumors and inflammatory lesions included eight colon adenomas, four Warthin's tumors, one granuloma of the lower jaw, one adenoma of the thyroid gland, one compensatory muscle activity due to vocal chord palsy, two occurrences of arthritis, three occurrences of reflux esophagitis, two occurrences of pancreatitis, two occurrences of diverticulitis, one hemorrhoidal inflammation, and one rib fracture.
  • CONCLUSION: Solitary extrapulmonary FDG accumulations in patients with newly diagnosed lung cancer should be analyzed critically for correct staging and optimal therapy, given that up to half of the lesions may represent unrelated malignancies or benign disease.
  • [MeSH-major] Carcinoma, Non-Small-Cell Lung / radionuclide imaging. Lung Neoplasms / radionuclide imaging. Neoplasm Metastasis / radionuclide imaging. Positron-Emission Tomography
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Aged. Aged, 80 and over. Diagnosis, Differential. Female. Fluorodeoxyglucose F18. Humans. Inflammation. Male. Middle Aged. Neoplasm Staging. Prospective Studies. Radiopharmaceuticals. Sensitivity and Specificity. Tomography, X-Ray Computed

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  • (PMID = 16192576.001).
  • [ISSN] 0732-183X
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of clinical oncology : official journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Clin. Oncol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Clinical Trial; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Radiopharmaceuticals; 0Z5B2CJX4D / Fluorodeoxyglucose F18
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50. Peltola M, Kinnunen I, Aitasalo K: Reconstruction of orbital wall defects with bioactive glass plates. J Oral Maxillofac Surg; 2008 Apr;66(4):639-46
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  • [Title] Reconstruction of orbital wall defects with bioactive glass plates.
  • This study evaluated the clinical outcome of bioactive glass plates in reconstructive orbital surgery.
  • PATIENTS AND METHODS: In a retrospective series of 49 patients, 35 orbital floors and 6 orbital medial and superior walls were reconstructed after fronto-orbital trauma, and 8 patients were treated with BAG plates after fronto-orbital tumor resection.
  • RESULTS: During the 2-year follow-up, 3 of the 35 orbital floor trauma reconstructions were reoperated (9%) because of diplopia, and new reconstructions with BAG were performed.
  • In all of the 8 patients with tumors and in 6 of the patients undergoing orbital wall reconstruction, the plates were in the correct position after reconstruction, and none had to be removed.
  • One patient with a benign tumor and 7 of the 8 patients with malignant tumors survived to the 2-year follow-up.
  • CONCLUSIONS: Reconstructive surgery of the orbit is one of the most demanding challenges in head and neck surgery.
  • In orbital defect reconstruction, a BAG plate seems to be a well-tolerated and reliable reconstruction material alternative; however, BAG plates are brittle and rigid, and cannot be molded and shaped by a surgeon.
  • [MeSH-major] Bone Substitutes. Fracture Fixation, Internal / methods. Glass. Orbit / surgery. Orbital Fractures / surgery. Orbital Implants. Orbital Neoplasms / surgery

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  • (PMID = 18355587.001).
  • [ISSN] 1531-5053
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of oral and maxillofacial surgery : official journal of the American Association of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgeons
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Oral Maxillofac. Surg.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Bone Substitutes; 0 / bioactive glass S53P4
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51. Lieb WE: [Tumors and tumor-like lesions of the orbit]. HNO; 2010 Jul;58(7):661-71
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  • [Title] [Tumors and tumor-like lesions of the orbit].
  • [Transliterated title] Tumoren und tumorähnliche Läsionen der Orbita.
  • This article gives an overview of the most common and clinically relevant tumors of the orbit and their treatment.
  • The most common orbital tumors in childhood are cystic tumors, such as dermoid and epidermoid cysts.
  • Capillary hemangiomas are the most common primary benign tumors of the orbit and appear mostly in the first year of life.
  • In contrast teratomas are rare and histologically mostly benign.
  • Rhabdomyosarcoma is a rapidly growing malignant orbital tumor whereby the stage and localization are the most important prognostic factors for survival chance in children.
  • Secondary tumors of the orbit are often manifested in the nose and paranasal sinuses.
  • [MeSH-major] Orbital Neoplasms / diagnosis. Orbital Neoplasms / therapy

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  • (PMID = 20607507.001).
  • [ISSN] 1433-0458
  • [Journal-full-title] HNO
  • [ISO-abbreviation] HNO
  • [Language] ger
  • [Publication-type] English Abstract; Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] Germany
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52. de Silva DJ, Tay E, Rose GE: Schwannomas of the lacrimal gland fossa. Orbit; 2009;28(6):433-5
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  • PURPOSE: Schwannomas are rare benign nerve sheath tumours that account for 1% of orbital tumours and, although sometimes associated with neurofibromatosis, most occur as isolated lesions and arise from branches of the ciliary or trigeminal nerves.
  • On a presumptive preoperative diagnosis of pleomorphic adenoma, the patient underwent a bone-swinging lateral orbitotomy with intact excision of a moderately-firm, lobulated lesion which proved to be a Schwannoma.
  • Although lacrimal gland remnants were present at the edge of both specimens, at surgery it was evident that the tumours completely occupied the lacrimal gland fossa and any normal orbital lobe of the lacrimal gland had undergone atrophy.
  • CONCLUSIONS: Two very rare cases of Schwannoma arising within the lacrimal gland fossa are presented, the tumours causing complete atrophy of the normal orbital lobe of the lacrimal gland.
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Aged. Biomarkers, Tumor / analysis. Female. Glial Fibrillary Acidic Protein / analysis. Humans. S100 Proteins / analysis. Tomography, X-Ray Computed

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  • (PMID = 19929679.001).
  • [ISSN] 1744-5108
  • [Journal-full-title] Orbit (Amsterdam, Netherlands)
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Orbit
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Biomarkers, Tumor; 0 / Glial Fibrillary Acidic Protein; 0 / S100 Proteins
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53. Boulos PR, Knoepp SM, Rubin PA: Green bone. Arch Ophthalmol; 2007 Mar;125(3):380-6
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  • OBJECTIVE: To describe the unusual finding of yellow-green-colored bone during routine orbital surgery, to detail its investigation, and to demonstrate its benign nature.
  • RESULTS: Yellow-green bone was encountered in 3 patients during orbital tumor excision or orbital fracture repair procedures.
  • In all cases, absence of neoplasia was demonstrated histologically.
  • [MeSH-major] Orbit / drug effects. Orbit / pathology. Pigmentation / drug effects. Protein Synthesis Inhibitors / adverse effects. Tetracycline / adverse effects
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Color. Humans. Male. Microscopy, Fluorescence. Microscopy, Ultraviolet. Middle Aged. Orbital Fractures / surgery. Orbital Neoplasms / radiography. Orbital Neoplasms / surgery. Spectrophotometry, Ultraviolet. Tomography, X-Ray Computed

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  • (PMID = 17353410.001).
  • [ISSN] 0003-9950
  • [Journal-full-title] Archives of ophthalmology (Chicago, Ill. : 1960)
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Arch. Ophthalmol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Protein Synthesis Inhibitors; F8VB5M810T / Tetracycline
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54. Kumar S, Kumar S, Kulshrestha R: Cystic schwannoma of eyelid in an Indian male: a rare presentation. Orbit; 2008;27(6):407-9
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  • Eyelid schwannoma (neurilemmomas) is an extremely rare, benign neoplasm.
  • Histopathological diagnosis of cystic schwannoma was made.
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Biomarkers, Tumor / analysis. Humans. Male. Tomography, X-Ray Computed

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  • (PMID = 19085294.001).
  • [ISSN] 1744-5108
  • [Journal-full-title] Orbit (Amsterdam, Netherlands)
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Orbit
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Biomarkers, Tumor
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55. Kloek CE, Bilyk JR, Pribitkin EA, Rubin PA: Orbital decompression as an alternative management strategy for patients with benign tumors located at the orbital apex. Ophthalmology; 2006 Jul;113(7):1214-9
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Orbital decompression as an alternative management strategy for patients with benign tumors located at the orbital apex.
  • PURPOSE: Tumors located in the intraconal portion of the orbital apex, especially those inferior to the optic nerve, can be difficult to access surgically, carrying a significant risk of ocular morbidity.
  • The purpose of this study was to investigate outcomes in 5 patients with benign-appearing but symptomatic tumors located in the intraconal portion of the orbital apex in which orbital decompression was performed as an alternative management strategy to resection.
  • PARTICIPANTS: Five patients were diagnosed with a compressive optic neuropathy secondary to a benign-appearing tumor at the orbital apex.
  • INTERVENTION: Each patient underwent surgical decompression of the affected orbit.
  • None of the patients had the tumor biopsied or resected.
  • MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Best-corrected visual acuity (VA), pupillary responses, visual fields (VFs), color vision, and orbital imaging.
  • One patient required a second orbital decompression for recurrent optic neuropathy 4 years after the initial decompression.
  • CONCLUSIONS: Orbital decompression is a therapeutic option for patients with compressive optic neuropathies from benign orbital apex tumors, offering potential improvement in optic nerve function while sparing morbidity from attempts at surgical resection.
  • [MeSH-major] Decompression, Surgical. Nerve Compression Syndromes / surgery. Optic Nerve Diseases / surgery. Orbit / surgery. Orbital Neoplasms / surgery

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  • [CommentIn] Ophthalmology. 2007 Mar;114(3):619-20; author reply 620-1 [17324707.001]
  • (PMID = 16815404.001).
  • [ISSN] 1549-4713
  • [Journal-full-title] Ophthalmology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Ophthalmology
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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56. Guthikonda B, Hanna EY, Skoracki RJ, Prabhu SS: Ameloblastic fibrosarcoma involving the anterior and middle skull base with intradural extension. J Craniofac Surg; 2009 Nov;20(6):2087-90
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  • Ameloblastic fibrosarcoma is a malignant odontogenic tumor that rarely affects the skull base and surrounding regions.
  • We present a case of a 48-year-old man with histologically confirmed malignant transformation of a benign ameloblastic fibroma 10 years after initial presentation of a localized facial mass.
  • The ameloblastic fibrosarcoma extended from the facial region to the orbit, anterior and middle fossa skull base, the infratemporal fossa, and the cavernous sinus.
  • Thus, vigilant long-term follow-up is essential despite the benign nature of the initial pathologic lesion.
  • [MeSH-minor] Cavernous Sinus / pathology. Cranial Fossa, Anterior / pathology. Cranial Fossa, Anterior / surgery. Cranial Fossa, Middle / pathology. Cranial Fossa, Middle / surgery. Cranial Nerve Neoplasms / pathology. Cranial Nerve Neoplasms / surgery. Facial Neoplasms / pathology. Facial Neoplasms / surgery. Humans. Male. Middle Aged. Orbital Neoplasms / pathology. Orbital Neoplasms / surgery. Radiotherapy, Adjuvant. Surgical Flaps

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  • (PMID = 19884826.001).
  • [ISSN] 1536-3732
  • [Journal-full-title] The Journal of craniofacial surgery
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Craniofac Surg
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Number-of-references] 24
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57. Touzri RA, Errais K, Zermani R, Benjilani S, Ouertani A: Schwannoma of the eyelid: apropos of two cases. Indian J Ophthalmol; 2009 Jul-Aug;57(4):318-20
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  • Schwannoma, also referred to as neurilemmoma, is a benign tumor of peripheral nerve arising from Schwann cells that form the neural sheath.
  • Schwannoma of ophthalmic interest is rare although it has been reported in relation with the orbit, and less frequently with the uveal tract and conjunctiva.
  • [MeSH-minor] Antigens, Neoplasm / metabolism. Female. Humans. Immunochemistry. Male. Melanoma-Specific Antigens. Middle Aged. Neoplasm Proteins / metabolism. Rare Diseases. S100 Proteins / metabolism. Young Adult

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  • (PMID = 19574706.001).
  • [ISSN] 1998-3689
  • [Journal-full-title] Indian journal of ophthalmology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Indian J Ophthalmol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] India
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Antigens, Neoplasm; 0 / Melanoma-Specific Antigens; 0 / Neoplasm Proteins; 0 / S100 Proteins
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC2712707
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58. Rizvi SA, Gupta Y, Gupta M: Surgical treatment and histopathological analysis of proptosis. Nepal J Ophthalmol; 2010 Jan-Jun;2(1):31-4
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • INTRODUCTION: Inflammations and tumors of the orbit and para-orbital regions may present as proptosis.
  • MATERIALS AND METHODS: In a retrospective study, 25 cases of proptosis due to orbital and paraorbital tumours were analyzed in relation to their age, sex, and clinical and histopathological profiles.
  • According to location and type of tumour, different surgical options like anterior orbitotomy, lateral orbitotomy and medial orbitotomy were considered.
  • Primary orbital tumors were encountered in 15 cases (60%) and para-orbital in 10 (40%).
  • Of 15 primary orbital tumors, 7 (46.66%) were excised by lateral orbitotomy, another 7 (46.66%) were approached via anterior orbitotomy, whereas 1 (6.67%) was removed by medial orbitotomy.
  • Pediatric orbital tumors were quite common {7 (46.66%)}.
  • The most common benign adult tumor found in our study was pleomorphic adenoma of the lacrimal gland {3 (20%)}.
  • Proptosis due to primary orbital tumors is more common than para-orbital tumors.
  • Early diagnosis and timely surgical intervention provide good functional and cosmetic results.
  • [MeSH-major] Exophthalmos / surgery. Eye Neoplasms / pathology. Ophthalmologic Surgical Procedures / methods. Orbital Neoplasms / pathology
  • [MeSH-minor] Adolescent. Adult. Aged. Biopsy. Child. Child, Preschool. Diagnosis, Differential. Humans. Infant. Infant, Newborn. Middle Aged. Retrospective Studies. Treatment Outcome. Young Adult

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  • (PMID = 21141324.001).
  • [ISSN] 2072-6805
  • [Journal-full-title] Nepalese journal of ophthalmology : a biannual peer-reviewed academic journal of the Nepal Ophthalmic Society : NEPJOPH
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Nepal J Ophthalmol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Comparative Study; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Nepal
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59. Fliss DM, Abergel A, Cavel O, Margalit N, Gil Z: Combined subcranial approaches for excision of complex anterior skull base tumors. Arch Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg; 2007 Sep;133(9):888-96
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  • PATIENTS: Of 120 anterior skull base tumor resections, 41 that included 27 (66%) malignant and 14 (34%) benign lesions were performed via combinations of the subcranial approach.
  • A combined subcranial-transorbital or transfacial-transorbital approach was used for 5 tumors invading the orbit.
  • [MeSH-minor] Adolescent. Adult. Aged. Aged, 80 and over. Child. Child, Preschool. Chordoma / mortality. Chordoma / psychology. Chordoma / surgery. Face / surgery. Female. Follow-Up Studies. Humans. Male. Maxilla / surgery. Middle Aged. Orbit / surgery. Postoperative Complications / etiology. Postoperative Complications / mortality. Postoperative Complications / psychology. Quality of Life / psychology. Retrospective Studies. Survival Rate

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  • (PMID = 17875855.001).
  • [ISSN] 0886-4470
  • [Journal-full-title] Archives of otolaryngology--head & neck surgery
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Arch. Otolaryngol. Head Neck Surg.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Comparative Study; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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60. Al-Khiary H, Ayoubi A, Elkhamary SM: Primary orbital ganglioneuroma in a 2-year-old healthy boy. Saudi J Ophthalmol; 2010 Jul;24(3):101-4
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  • [Title] Primary orbital ganglioneuroma in a 2-year-old healthy boy.
  • He underwent orbital exploration via anterior orbitotomy incision and debulking of the tumor was done.
  • The histopathological examination confirmed the diagnosis of orbital ganglioneuroma.
  • Ganglioneuroma is an unusual benign tumor of neuroplastic origin with extremely rare orbital involvement with only one prior reported case in a youth.
  • The tumor is slow growing and non-metastasizing.

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  • (PMID = 23960884.001).
  • [ISSN] 1319-4534
  • [Journal-full-title] Saudi journal of ophthalmology : official journal of the Saudi Ophthalmological Society
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Saudi J Ophthalmol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Saudi Arabia
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC3729488
  • [Keywords] NOTNLM ; Ganglioneuroma / Neuroblastoma / Pediatric / Unilateral proptosis
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61. Tam ES, Chen EC, Nijhawan N, Harvey JT, Howarth D, Oestreicher JH: Solitary fibrous tumor of the orbit: a case series. Orbit; 2008;27(6):426-31
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  • [Title] Solitary fibrous tumor of the orbit: a case series.
  • PURPOSE: Solitary fibrous tumor (SFT) occurs rarely in the orbit.
  • We present four such cases, representing one of the largest case series reported to date of this rare orbital tumor.
  • All four patients underwent CT scan to confirm the diagnosis of an orbital mass, which was then excised.
  • One of these cases demonstrated residual tumor on follow-up CT scan, which remained unchanged at one-year follow-up.
  • No evidence of residual tumor was found in the other three cases, despite one having malignant pathology.
  • CONCLUSION: SFT is a rare and generally benign tumor of the orbit.
  • Immunohistochemical testing with CD34 is necessary to confirm the diagnosis.
  • Although en bloc tumor resection is the definitive treatment, residual tumor may remain stable for some time.
  • [MeSH-major] Fibroma / pathology. Orbital Neoplasms / pathology
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Antigens, CD34 / analysis. Biomarkers, Tumor / analysis. Female. Humans. Male. Middle Aged. Neoplasm Proteins / analysis. Tomography, X-Ray Computed. Vimentin / analysis

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  • (PMID = 19085297.001).
  • [ISSN] 1744-5108
  • [Journal-full-title] Orbit (Amsterdam, Netherlands)
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Orbit
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Antigens, CD34; 0 / Biomarkers, Tumor; 0 / Neoplasm Proteins; 0 / Vimentin
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62. Noudel R, Chauvet E, Cahn V, Mérol JC, Chays A, Rousseaux P: Transcranial resection of a large sinonasal juvenile psammomatoid ossifying fibroma. Childs Nerv Syst; 2009 Sep;25(9):1115-20
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • INTRODUCTION: Juvenile psammomatoid ossifying fibroma (JPOF) is a benign but potentially locally aggressive fibroosseous lesion predominantly arising in the paranasal sinuses in children and young adults.
  • In such cases, tumor resection may often require the combination of neurosurgical and facial approaches.
  • Histological diagnosis remains a challenge because the lesion can be easily mistaken for another fibroosseous lesion or for a meningioma.
  • CASE REPORT: We report the case of a 12-year-old boy with a JPOF arising from the right paranasal sinuses and extension towards the anterior skull base and the orbit.
  • Despite the tumor had eroded through nasal septum, medial orbit wall, and right maxilla, it could be entirely removed performing an extended frontobasal approach via a bifrontoorbital craniotomy, obviating the need for a transfacial approach.
  • [MeSH-minor] Child. Craniotomy / methods. Diagnosis, Differential. Humans. Male. Prognosis. Skull / diagnostic imaging. Skull / surgery. Tomography, X-Ray Computed. Treatment Outcome

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  • (PMID = 19308423.001).
  • [ISSN] 1433-0350
  • [Journal-full-title] Child's nervous system : ChNS : official journal of the International Society for Pediatric Neurosurgery
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Childs Nerv Syst
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Germany
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63. Kaveri H, Punnya A: Pilomatricoma: a dermal analog of calcifying odontogenic cyst. Indian J Dent Res; 2008 Jul-Sep;19(3):261-3
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  • Pilomatricoma, also known as "Calcifying Epithelioma of Malherbe" is an uncommon, benign, cutaneous tumor originating from the hair matrix.
  • Most often, its precise preoperative diagnosis is not possible.
  • We believe that its inclusion is essential in the differential diagnosis of hard masses of the maxillofacial and paraoral regions.
  • [MeSH-major] Facial Neoplasms / diagnosis. Hair Diseases / diagnosis. Pilomatrixoma / diagnosis. Skin Neoplasms / diagnosis
  • [MeSH-minor] Adolescent. Diagnosis, Differential. Female. Humans. Orbit / pathology

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  • (PMID = 18797106.001).
  • [ISSN] 0970-9290
  • [Journal-full-title] Indian journal of dental research : official publication of Indian Society for Dental Research
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Indian J Dent Res
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] India
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64. Benatiya Andaloussi I, Touiza E, Bhallil S, Oudidi A, Bouayed MA, Daoudi K, El Alami MN, Tahri H: Orbital osteoma: three case reports. Bull Soc Belge Ophtalmol; 2006;(300):73-9
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Orbital osteoma: three case reports.
  • INTRODUCTION: Osteoma is the most frequent benign tumor of paranasal sinuses.
  • Three cases with orbital extension are reported and discussed.
  • OBSERVATIONS: 1st observation: Mrs. M.N. is an 18 years-old caucasian female who presented a stony orbital deformity associated with chronical dacryocystitis.
  • Tomography of the orbit revealed a probable ethmoidal osteoma compressing the lacrimal canals.
  • The management consisted in a surgical excision of the whole tumor by external approach, associated with a dacryocystorhinostomy.
  • The tumor was removed through an external ethmoidectomy.
  • The computed tomography is of a great contribution, not only for diagnosis but also for the choice of the surgical approach.
  • This surgery may induce ocular or neurochirurgical complications.
  • If they become voluminous, they may cause orbital manifestations and serious complications.
  • The rarity of ethmoidal osteoma with orbital growth made our cases interesting to report.
  • [MeSH-major] Orbital Neoplasms / diagnosis. Osteoma / diagnosis

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  • (PMID = 16903514.001).
  • [ISSN] 0081-0746
  • [Journal-full-title] Bulletin de la Société belge d'ophtalmologie
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Bull Soc Belge Ophtalmol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Belgium
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65. Jakobiec FA, Nguyen J, Bhat P, Fay A: MDM2-positive atypical lipomatous neoplasm/well-differentiated liposarcoma versus spindle cell lipoma of the orbit. Ophthal Plast Reconstr Surg; 2010 Nov-Dec;26(6):413-5
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  • [Title] MDM2-positive atypical lipomatous neoplasm/well-differentiated liposarcoma versus spindle cell lipoma of the orbit.
  • PURPOSE: To distinguish, in a 36-year-old man, an atypical lipomatous neoplasm/well-differentiated liposarcoma from a spindle cell lipoma in a recurrent orbital tumor.
  • RESULTS: MDM2 gene amplification was discovered in the CD34 tumor cells.
  • These findings established the diagnosis of a well-differentiated liposarcoma with lipoma-like and spindle cell features and ruled out a spindle cell lipoma.
  • CONCLUSION: Well-differentiated liposarcoma is a slow growing, infiltrative, and nonmetastasizing neoplasm that is microscopically and diagnostically challenging.
  • It can be reliably separated from a benign spindle cell or an atypical lipoma by using the markers MDM2 and Ki-67.
  • [MeSH-major] Biomarkers, Tumor / analysis. Lipoma / diagnosis. Liposarcoma / diagnosis. Orbital Neoplasms / diagnosis. Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-mdm2 / analysis

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  • (PMID = 20639786.001).
  • [ISSN] 1537-2677
  • [Journal-full-title] Ophthalmic plastic and reconstructive surgery
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Ophthal Plast Reconstr Surg
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Actins; 0 / Antigens, CD34; 0 / Biomarkers, Tumor; 0 / Ki-67 Antigen; 0 / Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-bcl-2; 0 / S100 Proteins; 9013-56-3 / Factor XIII; EC 6.3.2.19 / MDM2 protein, human; EC 6.3.2.19 / Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-mdm2
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66. Cai B, Zhou L, An H, Chen J, Hui X, Qiao X, Liu J, Jiang S: [Early outcome of one-stage transnasal surgery combined with transnasal surgery for cranionasal tumors and reconstruction of skull base]. Zhongguo Xiu Fu Chong Jian Wai Ke Za Zhi; 2008 May;22(5):589-92
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • METHODS: From June 2005 to October 2007, 20 patients with cranionasal tumor were treated.
  • The cranionasal tumors, proved by MRI and CT scans, located in the anterior skull base, paranasal sinus, nasal and/or orbit cavity.
  • And their clinical presentations were listed as follows: dysosphresia in 14 patients, headache in 11 patients, nasal obstruction in 9 patients, epistaxis in 8 patients, visual disorder in 4 patients, exophthalmos in 4 patients and conscious disturbance in 2 patients.
  • Pathological examination showed 8 cases of malignant tumors and 12 cases of benign tumors.
  • And recurrence of tumor was observed in 5 patients 3 months to 2 years after operation.

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  • (PMID = 18630443.001).
  • [ISSN] 1002-1892
  • [Journal-full-title] Zhongguo xiu fu chong jian wai ke za zhi = Zhongguo xiufu chongjian waike zazhi = Chinese journal of reparative and reconstructive surgery
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Zhongguo Xiu Fu Chong Jian Wai Ke Za Zhi
  • [Language] chi
  • [Publication-type] English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] China
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67. Rong BG, Chen WL, Ding YP, Xie G, Chen Y, Wang TD: [Surgical approaches to the skull base neoplasms]. Zhonghua Er Bi Yan Hou Tou Jing Wai Ke Za Zhi; 2005 Apr;40(4):291-4
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • Eleven surgical approaches including midfacial degloving, frontal coronal discission, nasal eversion, maxillary swing, partial maxillary resection, total resection of orbit, mandibular swing, combination of front, temple, preauricular, post aureum, neck, and transoral approaches were used to resect the tumor which involved fossae pterygopalatine, paranasal sinuses, nasopharynx, antero, meso and posterobasilar region, lobi frontalis and lobi temporalis of cerebrum.
  • In 29 patients with benign tumor including 11 cases of meningioma, 3 cases of chondroma, 1 case of hemangio-meningioma, 1 case of cavernous hemangioma, 2 cases of osteodysplasia fibromas, 9 cases of neurofibroma, 1 case of glomus jugular tumor, 1 case of neurilemmoma, 19 have survived over 5 years and the longest one has survived over 8 years.
  • For 50 patients with malignant tumor including 3 cases of well-differentiated squamous cell carcinoma, 17 cases of moderately differentiated squamous cell carcinoma, 11 cases of poorly differentiated squamous cell carcinoma, 1 case of undifferentiated carcinoma, 2 cases of chondrosarcoma, 5 cases of canceration of papilloma, 2 cases of adenocarcinoma, 1 case of esthesioneuroblastoma, 2 cases of malignant fibrohistiocytoma, 1 case of fibrosarcoma, 2 cases of malignant mixed tumour, 3 cases of sarcoma survival rates of 3 and 5 years were 59.2% (29/49), 38.5% (10/26) respectively.
  • CONCLUSION: In order to resect the tumor completely and reduce the complication and malformation as far as possible, different surgical approaches must be designed according to the pathological changes characters and involved area,and the surgeon should select the shortest approach, avoid to damage the important neurovascular structure, and resect the tumor through the natural anatomy space by the shelter incision.

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  • (PMID = 16008265.001).
  • [ISSN] 1673-0860
  • [Journal-full-title] Zhonghua er bi yan hou tou jing wai ke za zhi = Chinese journal of otorhinolaryngology head and neck surgery
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Zhonghua Er Bi Yan Hou Tou Jing Wai Ke Za Zhi
  • [Language] chi
  • [Publication-type] English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] China
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68. Schlimper C, Sommer T, Flacke S, Wolff M, Schild H, Kreft B: [Radiologic features of inflammatory pseudotumors]. Rofo; 2005 Nov;177(11):1506-12
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  • Inflammatory pseudotumor is a rare benign tumor entity.
  • Inflammatory pseudotumor most commonly involves the lung and the orbit, but it has been reported to occur in nearly every site in the body.
  • For making a definite diagnosis a biopsy is often essential.
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Aged. Aged, 80 and over. Diagnosis, Differential. Female. Heart Diseases / diagnosis. Heart Diseases / radiography. Humans. Liver Diseases / diagnosis. Liver Diseases / radiography. Magnetic Resonance Imaging. Male. Orbital Pseudotumor / diagnosis. Orbital Pseudotumor / radiography. Plasma Cell Granuloma, Pulmonary / diagnosis. Plasma Cell Granuloma, Pulmonary / radiography. Radiography, Abdominal. Radiography, Thoracic. Splenic Diseases / diagnosis. Splenic Diseases / radiography. Tomography, X-Ray Computed

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  • (PMID = 16302131.001).
  • [ISSN] 1438-9029
  • [Journal-full-title] RöFo : Fortschritte auf dem Gebiete der Röntgenstrahlen und der Nuklearmedizin
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Rofo
  • [Language] ger
  • [Publication-type] Comparative Study; English Abstract; Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] Germany
  • [Number-of-references] 54
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69. Durden FL Jr, Moore CE, Muller S: Verrucous carcinoma of the paranasal sinuses: a case report. Ear Nose Throat J; 2010 Jul;89(7):E21-3
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  • The tumor grows locally invasive but is histologically benign and metastasizes rarely.
  • We present a case of verrucous carcinoma involving the paranasal sinuses, nasal cavity, cranium, and orbit.
  • This case highlights the difficulty of pathologic diagnosis and management options for a rare neoplastic lesion.
  • [MeSH-minor] Biopsy. Endoscopy. Humans. Male. Middle Aged. Nasal Cavity / pathology. Nasal Cavity / radiation effects. Nasal Cavity / surgery. Neoplasm Invasiveness. Neoplasm Staging. Orbital Neoplasms / pathology. Orbital Neoplasms / radiotherapy. Orbital Neoplasms / surgery. Skull / pathology. Skull / radiation effects. Skull / surgery. Skull Neoplasms / pathology. Skull Neoplasms / radiotherapy. Skull Neoplasms / surgery

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  • (PMID = 20628974.001).
  • [ISSN] 1942-7522
  • [Journal-full-title] Ear, nose, & throat journal
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Ear Nose Throat J
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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70. Chanfi M: [Tuberous angioma in an infant: a case study]. J Fr Ophtalmol; 2005 Sep;28(7):774
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  • Tuberous angioma of the orbit is the most frequent benign tumor of the orbit in children.
  • Angiomatous tumors in general, and more particularly tuberous angioma tumors, are classed among the primary tumors of the orbit.

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  • (PMID = 16208215.001).
  • [ISSN] 1773-0597
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal français d'ophtalmologie
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Fr Ophtalmol
  • [Language] fre
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] France
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71. Khong JJ, Moore S, Prabhakaran VC, Selva D: Genetic testing in orbital tumors. Orbit; 2009;28(2-3):88-97
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Genetic testing in orbital tumors.
  • OBJECTIVE: This review aims to discuss the clinical application of cytogenetic and molecular testing in the diagnosis and prognosis of orbital tumors and, in so doing, highlight the basis of these methods, their advantages, and limitations.
  • SUMMARY: Specific chromosomal aberrations are detected in many lymphoproliferative neoplasms, soft tissue tumors, and in a few benign tumors of the orbit.
  • Detection of these characteristic chromosomal translocations is most helpful to refine the diagnosis and classification, especially when the tumor is poorly differentiated and shows overlapping morphological features with another tumor type.
  • This review outlines orbital tumors with characteristic chromosomal translocations and the relative frequency of detecting the genetic mutation.
  • [MeSH-major] Genetic Testing / methods. Lymphoproliferative Disorders / genetics. Orbital Neoplasms / genetics. Soft Tissue Neoplasms / genetics

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  • (PMID = 19839890.001).
  • [ISSN] 1744-5108
  • [Journal-full-title] Orbit (Amsterdam, Netherlands)
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Orbit
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Number-of-references] 86
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72. Alobid I, Alós L, Maldonado M, Menéndez LM, Bernal-Sprekelsen M: Laryngeal solitary fibrous tumor treated with CO2 laser excision: case report. Eur Arch Otorhinolaryngol; 2005 Apr;262(4):286-8
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  • [Title] Laryngeal solitary fibrous tumor treated with CO2 laser excision: case report.
  • The solitary fibrous tumor is an uncommon unilateral benign lesion that usually arises from the pleura.
  • Recently, these tumors have been described in many other locations, such as the mediastinum, head and neck, orbit and urogenital system.
  • To date, only two cases of solitary fibrous tumor arising from the larynx have been reported in the scientific literature.
  • We describe a new case of laryngeal solitary fibrous tumor localized at the right false vocal fold.
  • A mass lesion was recognized in the right false vocal fold, and CT scan demonstrated a large, well-defined tumor without signs of infiltration.
  • The tumor was removed by transoral CO(2) laser surgery.
  • The definitive diagnosis was obtained by immunohistochemical analysis that showed vimentin and CD34-positive cells.
  • The patient remains free of tumor after 15 months of follow-up.

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  • (PMID = 15170575.001).
  • [ISSN] 0937-4477
  • [Journal-full-title] European archives of oto-rhino-laryngology : official journal of the European Federation of Oto-Rhino-Laryngological Societies (EUFOS) : affiliated with the German Society for Oto-Rhino-Laryngology - Head and Neck Surgery
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Eur Arch Otorhinolaryngol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
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73. Sarin V, Singh B, Prasher P: A silent nasal mass with ophthalmic presentation. Orbit; 2010 Dec;29(6):367-9
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • Nasal chondromesenchymal hamartoma (NCMH) is a rare benign pediatric hamartoma that can simulate malignancy.
  • It is apt to be misdiagnosed because of the overlapping histologic features shared with a number of benign and malignant soft tissue tumors.
  • This tumor has a benign biological behavior, and complete resection is the treatment of choice.
  • Awareness of this clinical entity is essential for correct diagnosis and to avoid potentially harmful therapies.
  • [MeSH-minor] Biopsy, Needle. Child, Preschool. Diagnosis, Differential. Follow-Up Studies. Humans. Immunohistochemistry. Male. Rare Diseases. Risk Assessment. Treatment Outcome

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  • (PMID = 21158582.001).
  • [ISSN] 1744-5108
  • [Journal-full-title] Orbit (Amsterdam, Netherlands)
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Orbit
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] England
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74. Krause E, Gürkov R, Klauss V: [Solitary fibrous tumor in the orbit. Case report and review of the literature]. HNO; 2009 Feb;57(2):169-72
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] [Solitary fibrous tumor in the orbit. Case report and review of the literature].
  • [Transliterated title] Solitärer fibröser Tumor in der Orbita. Fallbericht und Literaturübersicht.
  • BACKGROUND: Solitary fibrous tumor (SFT) is a mesenchymal neoplasm with a benign growth behavior.
  • In the orbital cavity, SFT is rare.
  • Tumor growth over 7 years led to a severe exophthalmos with loss of vision.
  • CONCLUSION: SFT is a rare differential diagnosis of orbital lesions and can be appropriately treated by surgical resection.
  • [MeSH-major] Blindness / etiology. Blindness / prevention & control. Orbital Neoplasms / complications. Orbital Neoplasms / surgery. Solitary Fibrous Tumors / complications. Solitary Fibrous Tumors / surgery

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  • (PMID = 19221826.001).
  • [ISSN] 1433-0458
  • [Journal-full-title] HNO
  • [ISO-abbreviation] HNO
  • [Language] ger
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; English Abstract; Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] Germany
  • [Number-of-references] 18
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75. Miaśkiewicz B, Lukomski M, Starska K, Józefowicz-Korczyńska M: [Ocular and orbital symptoms in benign sinonasal neopasmas]. Pol Merkur Lekarski; 2006 Feb;20(116):184-7
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] [Ocular and orbital symptoms in benign sinonasal neopasmas].
  • Osteoma (0.01-0.4%) and inverted papilloma (0.5-4%) are the most common benign tumours of the nose and paranasal sinuses, whereas heamangioma occurs very rare.
  • Orbital and ocular symptoms are uncommon in these types of neoplasmas.
  • AIM OF THE STUDY: Analysis of symtoms, diagnostic procedures and treatment options in 10 patients with diagnosed orbital and ocular complications of benign tumours of the nose and paranasal sinuses.
  • Presenting orbital and ocular symptoms occured in 7 patients and in 3 left person orbital involvement was presented only radiographically and intraoperatively.
  • In 5 cases there were correlation between orbital symptoms and radiologic findings.
  • The most common presenting feature--orbital pain (6 patients) and proptosis (5 patients) were observed in papilloma and haemangioma.
  • RESULTS: Nine of the patients were operated: 4--lateral rhinotomies, 2--Denker's operations, 2--operations of sinus frontalis and/or ethmoidalis by external approach and in 1 case resection of maxilllary sinus's tumor were performed.
  • The rest of patients stay without recurrences of tumor.
  • CONCLUSION: Orbital and ocular symptoms in benign tumors of nose and paranasal sinuses do not always correlate with radiologic and intraoperative findings.
  • [MeSH-major] Headache / epidemiology. Hemangioma / epidemiology. Nose Neoplasms / epidemiology. Orbit / physiopathology. Pain / epidemiology. Pain / physiopathology. Papilloma, Inverted / epidemiology. Paranasal Sinus Neoplasms / epidemiology

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  • (PMID = 16708636.001).
  • [ISSN] 1426-9686
  • [Journal-full-title] Polski merkuriusz lekarski : organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Pol. Merkur. Lekarski
  • [Language] pol
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Poland
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76. Orzechowska-Wylegała B, Jedrzejewski P, Wylegała E, Steplewska K: Recurrent benign pleomorphic adenoma of the lacrimal gland--a case report. Klin Oczna; 2008;110(7-9):301-3
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  • [Title] Recurrent benign pleomorphic adenoma of the lacrimal gland--a case report.
  • Benign pleomorphic adenoma (mixed tumor) is the most frequently occurring tumor of epithelial origin.
  • In 1996, a 35 year old male patient underwent surgery to remove a tumor of the left orbit.
  • In 2005, from a cut along the upper-outer edge of the left orbit, an elastic and soft tumor 1 cm in diameter was removed from soft tissues of the upper eyelid.
  • Then, with the use of the side orbitotomy technique, the orbit was opened through incision of the temporal muscle and removal of the orbital side wall.
  • An eyelid nodule of 0.8 mm in diameter was removed together with an elastic and hard tumor of size 2.5 x 1 cm.
  • The result of the histopathological examination of the palpebral tumor was pseudocystic tumor and of the orbital tumor was pleomorphic adenoma.
  • [MeSH-major] Adenoma, Pleomorphic / pathology. Adenoma, Pleomorphic / surgery. Lacrimal Apparatus / pathology. Orbital Neoplasms / pathology. Orbital Neoplasms / surgery

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  • (PMID = 19112866.001).
  • [ISSN] 0023-2157
  • [Journal-full-title] Klinika oczna
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Klin Oczna
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Poland
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77. George JL, Marchal JC: [Orbital tumors in children: clinical examination, imaging, specific progression]. Neurochirurgie; 2010 Apr-Jun;56(2-3):244-8
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] [Orbital tumors in children: clinical examination, imaging, specific progression].
  • [Transliterated title] Les tumeurs d'orbite de l'enfant : examen clinique, paraclinique, diagnostic et particularités évolutives.
  • "Orbital tumors (OT) are neoplasms of the bony orbit and contents except for the eyeball."
  • Examination must be careful: measurement, direction of proptosis, impairment of ocular motility, compressive optic neuropathy, strabismus, etc.
  • Benign tumors such as dermoid cysts or hemangiomas grow slowly, whereas rapid growth suggests a malignant tumor.
  • When a metastatic tumor is suspected, abdominal palpation and ultrasonography must be performed.
  • Ultrasonography leaves the posterior third of the orbit inaccessible to exploration.
  • The depth to which it can penetrate the orbit is limited (20mm).
  • Most of the time, standard x-rays, CT, and MR imaging allow for an adequate assessment and usually provide a diagnosis.
  • [MeSH-major] Orbital Neoplasms / diagnosis
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Age Factors. Child. Disease Progression. Emotions. Exophthalmos / etiology. Humans. Leukemia / diagnosis. Leukemia / epidemiology. Leukemia / pathology. Neoplasm Metastasis / pathology. Neuroblastoma / diagnosis. Neuroblastoma / epidemiology. Neuroblastoma / pathology. Palpation. Rhabdomyosarcoma / diagnosis. Rhabdomyosarcoma / epidemiology. Rhabdomyosarcoma / pathology

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  • [Copyright] Copyright 2010 Elsevier Masson SAS. All rights reserved.
  • (PMID = 20303555.001).
  • [ISSN] 1773-0619
  • [Journal-full-title] Neuro-Chirurgie
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Neurochirurgie
  • [Language] fre
  • [Publication-type] English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] France
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78. Milman T, Finger PT, Iacob C, Garcia JP Jr, Della Rocca DA, McCormick SA: Fibrous histiocytoma. Ophthalmology; 2007 Dec;114(12):2369-70
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [MeSH-major] Corneal Diseases / pathology. Eye Neoplasms / pathology. Histiocytoma, Benign Fibrous / pathology. Limbus Corneae / pathology
  • [MeSH-minor] Biomarkers, Tumor / analysis. Female. Glucocorticoids / therapeutic use. Humans. Immunoenzyme Techniques. Keratoplasty, Penetrating. Lupus Erythematosus, Systemic / complications. Lupus Erythematosus, Systemic / drug therapy. Middle Aged. Orbit Evisceration. Prednisone / therapeutic use

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  • (PMID = 18054660.001).
  • [ISSN] 1549-4713
  • [Journal-full-title] Ophthalmology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Ophthalmology
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Letter
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Biomarkers, Tumor; 0 / Glucocorticoids; VB0R961HZT / Prednisone
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79. Segal A, Segal N, Gal A, Tumuluri K: Mucinous sweat gland adenocarcinoma of the eyelid - current knowledge of a rare tumor. Orbit; 2010 Dec;29(6):334-40
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  • [Title] Mucinous sweat gland adenocarcinoma of the eyelid - current knowledge of a rare tumor.
  • In 12(21.8%) patients a lesion with a benign diagnosis was previously excised from the same location.
  • In 2 of them histological re-examination resulted in a diagnosis of MSA.
  • Recurrence of the tumor was reported in 14(30%) patients.
  • CONCLUSIONS: MSA is a rare tumor of the eyelid with no clinically distinguishing features.
  • The tumor may extend into the orbit and metastasize regionally.
  • [MeSH-major] Adenocarcinoma, Mucinous / pathology. Eyelid Neoplasms / pathology. Neoplasm Recurrence, Local / pathology. Sweat Gland Neoplasms / pathology
  • [MeSH-minor] Aged. Aged, 80 and over. Biopsy, Needle. Female. Follow-Up Studies. Humans. Immunohistochemistry. Male. Mohs Surgery / methods. Neoplasm Staging. Rare Diseases. Risk Assessment. Treatment Outcome

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  • (PMID = 21158574.001).
  • [ISSN] 1744-5108
  • [Journal-full-title] Orbit (Amsterdam, Netherlands)
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Orbit
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] England
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80. Soong T, Soong V, Salvi SM, Raynor M, Mudhar H, Goel S, Edwards M: Primary corneal myxoma. Cornea; 2008 Dec;27(10):1186-8
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  • Myxomas occur commonly in other soft tissues such as the heart, paranasal sinuses, and muscles but can rarely present in periocular structures including the conjunctiva, orbit, and eyelid.
  • These include an inferonasal location between the corneal epithelium and Bowman layer and with no relationship to the corneal stroma, rapid tumor growth over a 3-month period, and no previous ocular trauma or conjunctival pathology.
  • The histology of this lesion has an important part to play in the management of this condition as it determines the cellular origin, establishes a benign or malignant state, and helps with treatment and prognosis.

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  • (PMID = 19034139.001).
  • [ISSN] 1536-4798
  • [Journal-full-title] Cornea
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Cornea
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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81. Demirci H, Shields CL, Eagle RC Jr, Shields JA: Giant cell angiofibroma, a variant of solitary fibrous tumor, of the orbit in a 16-year-old girl. Ophthal Plast Reconstr Surg; 2009 Sep-Oct;25(5):402-4
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  • [Title] Giant cell angiofibroma, a variant of solitary fibrous tumor, of the orbit in a 16-year-old girl.
  • Orbital CT showed a well-circumscribed, enhancing, extraconal mass in the superior orbit, and the surgical excision was performed.
  • Repeat orbital MRI showed a well-defined, extraconal mass with loculated areas of enhancement in the left orbit superonasally.
  • Histopathologic examination showed benign, patternless spindle-cell proliferation with prominent intrinsic vascularity and multinucleated giant cells, consistent with giant cell angiofibroma, a variant of solitary fibrous tumor.
  • Giant cell angiofibroma, a variant of solitary fibrous tumor, is a rare orbital tumor that presents as a well-circumscribed, enhancing mass and can be found in children.
  • [MeSH-major] Angiofibroma / pathology. Giant Cell Tumors / pathology. Orbital Neoplasms / pathology. Solitary Fibrous Tumors / pathology
  • [MeSH-minor] Adolescent. Antigens, CD34 / metabolism. Biomarkers, Tumor / metabolism. Diplopia / diagnosis. Exophthalmos / diagnosis. Female. Humans. Magnetic Resonance Imaging. Ophthalmologic Surgical Procedures

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  • (PMID = 19966660.001).
  • [ISSN] 1537-2677
  • [Journal-full-title] Ophthalmic plastic and reconstructive surgery
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Ophthal Plast Reconstr Surg
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Antigens, CD34; 0 / Biomarkers, Tumor
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82. Mäkitie AA, Törnwall J, Mäkitie O: Bisphosphonate treatment in craniofacial fibrous dysplasia--a case report and review of the literature. Clin Rheumatol; 2008 Jun;27(6):809-12
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  • Fibrous dysplasia (FD) is a benign skeletal disorder which may affect one or multiple bones.
  • She presented with a tumor-like lesion of the mandible.

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  • [Cites] Minerva Stomatol. 2002 Jul-Aug;51(7-8):293-300 [12434124.001]
  • [Cites] Laryngorhinootologie. 2007 Mar;86(3):184-92 [17131258.001]
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  • (PMID = 18247080.001).
  • [ISSN] 0770-3198
  • [Journal-full-title] Clinical rheumatology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Clin. Rheumatol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't; Review
  • [Publication-country] Germany
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Bone Density Conservation Agents; 0 / Diphosphonates
  • [Number-of-references] 15
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83. Akiyama O, Tsutsumi S, Suga Y, Abe Y, Yasumoto Y, Ito M: Orbital cavernous hemangioma presenting with atypical appearance: case report. Neurol Med Chir (Tokyo); 2009 May;49(5):209-12
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  • [Title] Orbital cavernous hemangioma presenting with atypical appearance: case report.
  • Neuroimaging showed an irregularly-shaped orbital mass without enhancement mainly situated in the medial compartment of the orbit and encasing the optic nerve.
  • Bruit was not audible and abnormal vasculatures were not identified in and around the affected orbit.
  • Transcranial surgical exploration through the surgical window formed by the superior and medial rectus muscles revealed a purplish elastic-soft mass, heterogeneous in consistency and tightly adhering to the surrounding tissue, so cryoprobe-assisted radical tumor resection could not be completed without jeopardizing the optic nerve.
  • The histological diagnosis was cavernous hemangioma.
  • Orbital cavernous hemangiomas may present with an atypical appearance which confuses pretreatment diagnosis and makes surgical extirpation more hazardous.
  • Conservative surgery should be indicated for poorly demarcated orbital cavernous hemangiomas considering the usual benign clinical course and postoperative sequelae.
  • [MeSH-major] Hemangioma, Cavernous / diagnosis. Orbital Neoplasms / diagnosis
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Blepharoptosis / etiology. Dermoid Cyst / diagnosis. Humans. Male. Pain / etiology. Tomography, X-Ray Computed

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  • (PMID = 19465792.001).
  • [ISSN] 1349-8029
  • [Journal-full-title] Neurologia medico-chirurgica
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Neurol. Med. Chir. (Tokyo)
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Japan
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84. Bajaj MS, Pushker N, Kashyap S, Sen S, Vengayil S, Chaturvedi A: Fibrous histiocytoma of the lacrimal gland. Ophthal Plast Reconstr Surg; 2007 Mar-Apr;23(2):145-7
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • Fibrous histiocytoma, a primary mesenchymal tumor of the orbit, is known to arise from various ocular and adnexal tissues.
  • We are unable to find a published report of this tumor originating from the lacrimal gland.
  • We report a case of a benign fibrous histiocytoma of the lacrimal gland in an 11 year old girl who presented with painless, progressive eyelid swelling and mild proptosis.
  • The tumor was completely excised by anterolateral orbitotomy.
  • Light microscopy showed a spindle cell tumor arising from the lacrimal gland.
  • The tumor cells were arranged in a characteristic storiform (cartwheel) pattern with no pleomorphism or mitotic figures.
  • Immunohistochemically, the tumor cells were focally positive for CD-68 and negative for S-100, smooth muscle actin, vimentin, and CD-34, which ruled out neurofibroma, leiomyoma, solitary fibrous tumor, and hemangiopericytoma.
  • Based on these features, a diagnosis of benign fibrous histiocytoma was made.
  • [MeSH-major] Eye Neoplasms / pathology. Histiocytoma, Benign Fibrous / pathology. Lacrimal Apparatus Diseases / pathology
  • [MeSH-minor] Biomarkers, Tumor / analysis. Child. Female. Humans. Neoplasm Proteins / analysis. Tomography, X-Ray Computed

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  • (PMID = 17413632.001).
  • [ISSN] 0740-9303
  • [Journal-full-title] Ophthalmic plastic and reconstructive surgery
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Ophthal Plast Reconstr Surg
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Biomarkers, Tumor; 0 / Neoplasm Proteins
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85. Guzmán G P, Baeza O A, Araya O J, Roa S J, Brevis O L, Torres L P: [Aneurysmal bone cyst of the maxilla. Report of one case]. Rev Med Chil; 2005 Nov;133(11):1355-60
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  • [Transliterated title] Quiste aneurismático del maxilar superior. Reporte de un caso.
  • Aneurysmal bone cysts are benign fibro osseous lesions, rarely present in maxillary region.
  • The patient was subjected to a maxillectomy, preserving the orbit floor.
  • The tumor mainly involved the maxillary sinus with extension to the orbit wall and osseous palate.

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  • (PMID = 16446860.001).
  • [ISSN] 0034-9887
  • [Journal-full-title] Revista médica de Chile
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Rev Med Chil
  • [Language] spa
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Chile
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86. Kim BH, Henderson BA: Intraocular choristoma. Semin Ophthalmol; 2005 Oct-Dec;20(4):223-9
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  • Choristomas have been reported in the orbit, cornea, conjunctiva, uvea, retina, and optic nerve.
  • Although it is regarded as a benign tumor, it grows progressively and can decrease visual function.
  • [MeSH-major] Choristoma / diagnosis. Eye Diseases / diagnosis
  • [MeSH-minor] Animals. Diagnosis, Differential. Humans

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  • (PMID = 16352493.001).
  • [ISSN] 0882-0538
  • [Journal-full-title] Seminars in ophthalmology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Semin Ophthalmol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Number-of-references] 54
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87. El-Sayed IH, Eisele DW, Yang TL, Iezza G: Solitary fibrous tumor of the retropharynx causing obstructive sleep apnea. Am J Otolaryngol; 2006 Jul-Aug;27(4):259-62
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  • [Title] Solitary fibrous tumor of the retropharynx causing obstructive sleep apnea.
  • Solitary fibrous tumors (SFTs) are rare, usually benign, spindle cell neoplasms that most often originate near mesothelium-lined surfaces of the pleural or peritoneal cavity.
  • SFTs reported in the head and neck occur most commonly in the oral cavity, sinonasal tract, and orbit.

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  • (PMID = 16798403.001).
  • [ISSN] 0196-0709
  • [Journal-full-title] American journal of otolaryngology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Am J Otolaryngol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Antigens, CD; 0 / Antigens, CD34; 0 / CD99 protein, human; 0 / Cell Adhesion Molecules; 0 / Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-bcl-2; 0 / Vimentin
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88. Leoncini G, Maio V, Puccioni M, Franchi A, De Giorgi V, Ucci F, Santucci M, Massi D: Orbital solitary fibrous tumor: a case report and review of the literature. Pathol Oncol Res; 2008 Jun;14(2):213-7
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  • [Title] Orbital solitary fibrous tumor: a case report and review of the literature.
  • Solitary fibrous tumor (SFT) is a rare spindle cell neoplasm typically arising in the pleura and involving the orbit as its most common extra-pleural location.
  • We herein describe a well documented case of orbital SFT arising in a 62-year-old woman presenting with progressive swelling of the right upper eyelid and proptosis.
  • The tumor had a benign clinical course, with radical surgical excision followed by regression of the clinical symptoms.
  • We review the clinical, histopathological, and immunohistochemical features of the orbital SFT described so far, with particular emphasis on differential diagnosis with other spindle cell orbital neoplasms.
  • [MeSH-major] Orbital Neoplasms / diagnosis. Orbital Neoplasms / surgery. Solitary Fibrous Tumors / diagnosis. Solitary Fibrous Tumors / surgery
  • [MeSH-minor] Diagnosis, Differential. Exophthalmos / etiology. Female. Humans. Immunohistochemistry. Middle Aged. Tomography, X-Ray Computed

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  • (PMID = 18493869.001).
  • [ISSN] 1219-4956
  • [Journal-full-title] Pathology oncology research : POR
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Pathol. Oncol. Res.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] Netherlands
  • [Number-of-references] 26
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89. Giudice C, Marco R, Mirko R, Luca M, Giorgio C: Zygomatic gland adenoma in a dog: histochemical and immunohistochemical evaluation. Vet Ophthalmol; 2005 Jan-Feb;8(1):13-6
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  • Orbital epithelial tumors in dogs are rare and most frequently malignant.
  • Distinguishing their origin from the lacrimal or zygomatic gland is often challenging and is based mostly on tumor location.
  • A case of adenoma involving the orbit in a 13-year-old, female, standard Schnauzer is reported.
  • Histologically, the neoplasm was characterized by nests and cords of epithelial cells mostly forming small glandular structures.
  • The origin of the tumor from the zygomatic gland was determined by histochemical characteristics (alcian blue pH 1 positive staining) of a small remnant of normal gland included within the tumor capsule.
  • The benign nature of our finding was confirmed by follow-up information: 2 years after complete surgical removal of the mass no tumor recurrence or metastases was recorded.
  • [MeSH-major] Adenoma / veterinary. Dog Diseases / diagnosis. Lacrimal Apparatus. Orbital Neoplasms / veterinary
  • [MeSH-minor] Animals. Diagnosis, Differential. Dogs. Female. Immunohistochemistry / veterinary

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  • (PMID = 15644095.001).
  • [ISSN] 1463-5216
  • [Journal-full-title] Veterinary ophthalmology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Vet Ophthalmol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] England
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90. Kitsoulis PV, Paraskevas G, Vrettakos A, Marini A: A case of eosinophilic granuloma of the skull in an adult man: a case report. Cases J; 2009;2:9144
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  • Eosinophilic granuloma is very rare benign bone tumor which presents in more than 90% in children under the age of ten.
  • We report a case of 57 year-old man who gradually developed local pain at his skull and orbit.
  • An attempt to excise the tumor failed as it had already eroded the underlying temporal bone.
  • Histological diagnosis with dominance of Langerhans cells set the diagnosis.

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  • (PMID = 20062661.001).
  • [ISSN] 1757-1626
  • [Journal-full-title] Cases journal
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Cases J
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC2803941
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91. Dallaudiere B, Benayoun Y, Boncoeur-Martel M, Robert P, Adenis J, Maubon A: [Imaging features of cavernous hemangiomas of the orbit]. J Radiol; 2009 Sep;90(9 Pt 1):1039-45
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  • [Title] [Imaging features of cavernous hemangiomas of the orbit].
  • Cavernous hemangioma is the most frequent benign tumor of the orbit.
  • The clinical presentation is that of a slowly progressive intra-orbital mass with variable degree of exophthalmos.
  • CT typically demonstrates the presence of a well defined oval or rounded shaped mass but MRI provides superior evaluation of the orbit.
  • The tumor is intra-conal in 80% of cases and usually shows T1W hypo-isointensity, T2W hyperintensity and heterogeneous contrast enhancement that becomes more homogeneous on delayed imaging (5 minutes).
  • [MeSH-major] Hemangioma, Cavernous / diagnosis. Orbital Neoplasms / diagnosis

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  • (PMID = 19752807.001).
  • [ISSN] 0221-0363
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal de radiologie
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Radiol
  • [Language] fre
  • [Publication-type] English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] France
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92. Maheshwari R, Thool A: Orbital cavernous hemangioma of childhood. Indian J Ophthalmol; 2007 Jul-Aug;55(4):313-5
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  • [Title] Orbital cavernous hemangioma of childhood.
  • Ocular and orbital tumors, both benign and malignant, occur relatively frequently in infants and children.
  • Benign masses are much more common than malignant in the orbital region.
  • However, childhood tumors show great variability and it is difficult to differentiate benign from malignant lesions.
  • Cavernous hemangioma is the most common benign neoplasm of the orbit in adults.
  • We report a case of orbital cavernous hemangioma in a four-year-old girl presenting as unilateral painless proptosis.
  • [MeSH-major] Hemangioma, Cavernous / diagnosis. Orbital Neoplasms / diagnosis

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  • (PMID = 17595488.001).
  • [ISSN] 0301-4738
  • [Journal-full-title] Indian journal of ophthalmology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Indian J Ophthalmol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] India
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93. Nuruddin M, Osmani M, Mudhar HS, Fernando M: Orbital lipofibromatosis in a child: a case report. Orbit; 2010 Dec;29(6):360-2
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  • [Title] Orbital lipofibromatosis in a child: a case report.
  • PURPOSE: Lipofibromatosis is a rare, benign, soft tissue tumor that typically involves extremities particularly in children.
  • We report a young girl with lipofibromatosis involving the superotemporal quadrant of the left orbit.
  • CASE REPORT: An 8-year-old girl presented with a history of a gradually expanding mass in the superotemporal quadrant of the left orbit over several years.
  • Orbital imaging showed a soft tissue mass superolateral to the globe with possible infiltration into the lacrimal gland and lateral rectus muscle.
  • Histopathological examination revealed that the lesion consisted of adipose tissue with fibroblastic elements, being consistent with a diagnosis of lipofibromatosis.
  • COMMENT: Orbital involvement of lipofibromatosis as reported here is indeed a very rare entity.
  • Diagnosis can be confirmed by histopathological analysis.
  • [MeSH-major] Fibroma / pathology. Lipoma / pathology. Orbital Neoplasms / pathology. Orbital Neoplasms / surgery
  • [MeSH-minor] Biopsy, Needle. Blepharoptosis / diagnosis. Blepharoptosis / etiology. Child. Female. Follow-Up Studies. Humans. Immunohistochemistry. Ophthalmologic Surgical Procedures / methods. Rare Diseases. Tomography, X-Ray Computed / methods. Treatment Outcome

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  • (PMID = 21158580.001).
  • [ISSN] 1744-5108
  • [Journal-full-title] Orbit (Amsterdam, Netherlands)
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Orbit
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] England
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94. Rodríguez-Velasco A, Fermán-Cano F, Cerecedo-Díaz F: Rare tumor of the tongue in a child: alveolar soft part sarcoma. Pediatr Dev Pathol; 2009 Mar-Apr;12(2):147-51
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  • [Title] Rare tumor of the tongue in a child: alveolar soft part sarcoma.
  • Alveolar soft part sarcoma (ASPS) is a rare, malignant tumor of uncertain histogenesis that has no benign counterpart.
  • The neoplasm occurs most frequently in female adolescents and young adults, where it arises predominantly in the extremities.
  • In contrast, the most common sites of occurrence in infants and children are the orbit (41%) and the tongue (25%).
  • Because of the indolent growth and lack of pain associated with the mass, 20% of patients have metastases at the time of initial diagnosis.
  • [MeSH-minor] Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols / therapeutic use. Biomarkers, Tumor / analysis. Child, Preschool. Cyclophosphamide / therapeutic use. Dactinomycin / therapeutic use. Disease-Free Survival. Female. Humans. Vimentin / analysis. Vincristine / therapeutic use

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  • (PMID = 18630993.001).
  • [ISSN] 1093-5266
  • [Journal-full-title] Pediatric and developmental pathology : the official journal of the Society for Pediatric Pathology and the Paediatric Pathology Society
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Pediatr. Dev. Pathol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Biomarkers, Tumor; 0 / Vimentin; 1CC1JFE158 / Dactinomycin; 5J49Q6B70F / Vincristine; 8N3DW7272P / Cyclophosphamide; VAC protocol
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95. deSousa JL, Meligonis G, Malhotra R: Giant cell angiofibroma of the orbit with periosteal adherence. Clin Exp Ophthalmol; 2006 Dec;34(9):886-8
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  • [Title] Giant cell angiofibroma of the orbit with periosteal adherence.
  • We report a case of orbital giant cell angiofibroma, an unusual, recently reported benign spindle cell neoplasm.
  • Preoperative clinical assessment and radiology suggested a benign mass and early operative findings were in concordance with this.
  • As with some lymphangiomas, this is another benign orbital tumour which may present difficulties in complete surgical excision that are not anticipated based on the preoperative findings.
  • [MeSH-major] Angiofibroma / diagnosis. Giant Cell Tumors / diagnosis. Orbital Neoplasms / diagnosis. Periosteum / pathology
  • [MeSH-minor] Aged. Diagnosis, Differential. Humans. Male. Ophthalmologic Surgical Procedures. Tissue Adhesions. Tomography, X-Ray Computed

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  • (PMID = 17181622.001).
  • [ISSN] 1442-6404
  • [Journal-full-title] Clinical & experimental ophthalmology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Clin. Experiment. Ophthalmol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Australia
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96. Randriamora JT, Andrianilana H, Rarivomanana M, Raherizaka N, Rakotovao F, Rasoavelonoro VA: [Voluminous mucocele of frontal sinus with superior eyelid and orbit expansion]. J Fr Ophtalmol; 2005 Jan;28(1):55-8
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  • [Title] [Voluminous mucocele of frontal sinus with superior eyelid and orbit expansion].
  • INTRODUCTION: A mucocele is an unusual benign cystic tumor, frequently seen in the adult and affecting mucous sinuses that expand the orbit by bone destruction.
  • DESCRIPTION: A 72-year-old man, without a history of sinus disease, presented a voluminous mucocele of the right frontal sinus that had begun 3 years before, with superior eyelid and orbit expansion hiding and pushing the eye to the downside and the outside.
  • After surgery, the patient recovered visual function without diplopia, and normal eyelid and ocular motility.
  • CONCLUSION: A mucocele of the frontal sinuses can show major superior eyelid development with a low risk of trochlea injury during surgery, a possibility particularly if the destruction of the anterior wall of the frontal sinuses is opened ahead of the orbit septum.
  • [MeSH-minor] Aged. Eyelids. Humans. Male. Orbit

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  • (PMID = 15767900.001).
  • [ISSN] 0181-5512
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal français d'ophtalmologie
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Fr Ophtalmol
  • [Language] fre
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] France
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97. Maroldi R, Ravanelli M, Borghesi A, Farina D: Paranasal sinus imaging. Eur J Radiol; 2008 Jun;66(3):372-86
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  • Endonasal surgery is currently extending its application beyond inflammatory sinonasal lesions to successfully treat both benign and malignant neoplasms.
  • CT provides excellent details about the thin bony sinonasal walls separating the ethmoid from the anterior skull base and the orbit.
  • Benign and malignant neoplasms are the "domain" of MRI because the tumor is more easily separated from adjacent structures, the periosteal linings (periorbita, dura mater) and perineural spread can be accurately shown.
  • Whereas MRI precisely assess pre-treatment tumor extent, early submucosal local recurrences are difficult to demonstrate because of post-treatment changes of the anatomy and of the signal of treated tissues.
  • [MeSH-major] Diagnostic Imaging. Paranasal Sinus Diseases / diagnosis
  • [MeSH-minor] Contrast Media. Humans. Neoplasm Recurrence, Local / diagnosis

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  • (PMID = 18375083.001).
  • [ISSN] 0720-048X
  • [Journal-full-title] European journal of radiology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Eur J Radiol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] Ireland
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Contrast Media
  • [Number-of-references] 67
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98. Hosseini SM, Borghei P, Borghei SH, Ashtiani MT, Shirkhoda A: Angiofibroma: an outcome review of conventional surgical approaches. Eur Arch Otorhinolaryngol; 2005 Oct;262(10):807-12
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  • Juvenile nasopharyngeal angiofibroma (JNA) is a benign tumor of the nasopharynx, and for its treatment, many surgical approaches have been recommended.
  • However, selecting the appropriate one for the tumor in an advanced stage is still controversial.
  • Involvement of the orbit, middle cranial fossa and base of the pterygoid by the primary JNA results in a higher incident of recurrent tumor.
  • Among different surgical techniques, the lowest recurrence rate is seen either in the transpalatal approach when the tumor is limited to the nasopharynx with extension to the nasal cavity or paranasal sinuses or with the Lefort I approach when skull base invasion is present.
  • [MeSH-major] Angiofibroma / surgery. Nasopharyngeal Neoplasms / surgery. Neoplasm Recurrence, Local / epidemiology. Otorhinolaryngologic Surgical Procedures / methods
  • [MeSH-minor] Adolescent. Adult. Child. Disease-Free Survival. Follow-Up Studies. Humans. Magnetic Resonance Imaging. Male. Neoplasm Invasiveness. Neoplasm Staging. Retrospective Studies. Tomography, X-Ray Computed. Treatment Outcome

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  • (PMID = 15739087.001).
  • [ISSN] 0937-4477
  • [Journal-full-title] European archives of oto-rhino-laryngology : official journal of the European Federation of Oto-Rhino-Laryngological Societies (EUFOS) : affiliated with the German Society for Oto-Rhino-Laryngology - Head and Neck Surgery
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Eur Arch Otorhinolaryngol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Germany
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99. Connolly G, Wladis E, Masselam K, Weinberg DA: Contralateral orbital melanoma 28 years following enucleation for choroidal melanoma. Orbit; 2007 Dec;26(4):291-4
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  • [Title] Contralateral orbital melanoma 28 years following enucleation for choroidal melanoma.
  • Orbital imaging revealed a large left lateral orbital mass, extending back to the orbital apex, which was found on subtotal resection to represent an orbital melanoma.
  • He underwent radiotherapy of the residual tumor at the left orbital apex, as well as radiotherapy of small liver and lung nodules felt to likely represent metastatic melanoma.
  • Five years later, he was still alive and well, with no further tumor demonstrable in the orbit, lung or liver.
  • This case demonstrates the indolence and favorable prognosis of some orbital melanomas.
  • We discuss some hypotheses that may explain such tumor behavior.
  • While melanoma is often considered a highly malignant and lethal tumor, some melanomas are characterized by a more benign course.
  • [MeSH-major] Choroid Neoplasms / pathology. Melanoma / secondary. Orbital Neoplasms / secondary

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  • (PMID = 18097971.001).
  • [ISSN] 0167-6830
  • [Journal-full-title] Orbit (Amsterdam, Netherlands)
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Orbit
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] England
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