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Items 1 to 100 of about 2591
1. Vaidyanathan S, Hughes PL, Oo T, Soni BM: Long catheter sign: a reliable bedside sign of incorrect positioning of foley catheter in male spinal cord injury patients. Cases J; 2008;1(1):43
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • INTRODUCTION: Indwelling urethral catheter is often used in male spinal cord injury patients to provide drainage to neuropathic bladder.
  • If the balloon of a Foley catheter is inflated in urethra or, when a properly inserted Foley catheter is later pulled and thereby, the Foley balloon comes to lie in urethra, an excessive length of catheter will remain outside the penis.
  • CASE PRESENTATION: A fifty-year-old Caucasian male with paraplegia at T-5 level had been managing neuropathic bladder by long-term indwelling urethral catheter.
  • There was no bleeding from urethral meatus.
  • Prompt recognition of long catheter sign and immediate repositioning of Foley catheter will help to prevent complications such as chronic distension of urinary bladder, urine infection, and pressure necrosis of urethra especially if Foley balloon remains inflated within urethra for a long period.
  • In this patient, use of a Foley catheter with 20 ml balloon, and securing the drainage tube to thigh with two straps, helped to prevent inadvertent pull of Foley balloon into the urethra.

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  • [Cites] Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2004;(2):CD004375 [15106248.001]
  • [Cites] Br J Community Nurs. 2008 Mar;13(3):110, 112-4 [18557566.001]
  • [Cites] Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2007;(3):CD004997 [17636782.001]
  • [Cites] ScientificWorldJournal. 2006;6:2445-9 [17619716.001]
  • (PMID = 18637181.001).
  • [ISSN] 1757-1626
  • [Journal-full-title] Cases journal
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Cases J
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC2488320
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2. Shigehara K, Sasagawa T, Kawaguchi S, Kobori Y, Nakashima T, Shimamura M, Taya T, Furubayashi K, Namiki M: Prevalence of human papillomavirus infection in the urinary tract of men with urethritis. Int J Urol; 2010 Jun;17(6):563-8
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • METHODS: Cell samples were collected from the penis, urethra and urine of 142 men with urethritis.
  • RESULTS: Out of 142 urethritis patients, HPV was detected in 48% (68 cases), and high-risk HPV was found in 32% (46 cases) of patients, on their penis or in the urinary tract (urethra or urine).
  • HPV was detected in 31% in the penis, 20% in the urethra and 24% in the urine, while high-risk HPV was identified in 23% in the penis, 12% in the urethra and 11% in the urine.
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Humans. Japan. Male. Middle Aged. Penis / virology. Prevalence. Urethra / virology. Urine / virology. Young Adult

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  • [CommentIn] Int J Urol. 2010 Jun;17(6):568-9 [20438598.001]
  • (PMID = 20345431.001).
  • [ISSN] 1442-2042
  • [Journal-full-title] International journal of urology : official journal of the Japanese Urological Association
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Int. J. Urol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Australia
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3. Galinier P, Mouttalib S, Carfagna L, Vaysse P, Moscovici J: Congenital anterior urethrocutaneous fistula associated with a stenosis of the bulbar urethra in the context of high anorectal malformation without fistula. J Plast Reconstr Aesthet Surg; 2009 Feb;62(2):e11-3
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Congenital anterior urethrocutaneous fistula associated with a stenosis of the bulbar urethra in the context of high anorectal malformation without fistula.
  • We report a case of a congenital anterior urethrocutaneous fistula associated with a stenosis of the bulbar urethra in the context of a high anorectal malformation.
  • We describe the surgical technique for the reconstruction of the urethra.
  • [MeSH-major] Anal Canal / abnormalities. Cutaneous Fistula / congenital. Rectum / abnormalities. Urethral Diseases / congenital. Urinary Fistula / congenital
  • [MeSH-minor] Abnormalities, Multiple / surgery. Humans. Infant, Newborn. Male. Urethral Stricture / surgery

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  • (PMID = 18694660.001).
  • [ISSN] 1878-0539
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of plastic, reconstructive & aesthetic surgery : JPRAS
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Plast Reconstr Aesthet Surg
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Netherlands
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4. Sarnelli G, D'Urso L, Muto G: Intermittent bladder urinary retention in a young woman. An unusual presentation of partial urethral duplication. Int Braz J Urol; 2005 May-Jun;31(3):259-61
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  • [Title] Intermittent bladder urinary retention in a young woman. An unusual presentation of partial urethral duplication.
  • A singular case of female accessory urethra associated to a mobile bladder stone with an unusual clinical presentation is reported.
  • The role of perineal ultrasound is emphasized as a useful diagnostic tool to study female urethra in a static and dynamic setting, including cases of partial or complete urethral duplication.
  • [MeSH-major] Urethra / abnormalities. Urinary Bladder Calculi / complications. Urinary Retention / complications

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  • (PMID = 15992430.001).
  • [ISSN] 1677-5538
  • [Journal-full-title] International braz j urol : official journal of the Brazilian Society of Urology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Int Braz J Urol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Brazil
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5. Bloemen-van Gurp EJ, Haanstra BK, Murrer LH, van Gils FC, Dekker AL, Mijnheer BJ, Lambin P: In vivo dosimetry with a linear MOSFET array to evaluate the urethra dose during permanent implant brachytherapy using iodine-125. Int J Radiat Oncol Biol Phys; 2009 Nov 15;75(4):1266-72
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] In vivo dosimetry with a linear MOSFET array to evaluate the urethra dose during permanent implant brachytherapy using iodine-125.
  • PURPOSE: To develop a technique to monitor the dose rate in the urethra during permanent implant brachytherapy using a linear MOSFET array, with sufficient accuracy and without significantly extending the implantation time.
  • To evaluate if the urethra dose obtained in the operating room with the ultrasound transducer in the rectum and the patient in treatment position is a reference for the total accumulated dose; additional measurements were performed after the implantation procedure, in the recovery room.
  • RESULTS: In vivo measurements during and after the implantation procedure agree very well, illustrating that the ultrasound transducer in the rectum and patient positioning do not influence the measured dose in the urethra.
  • In vivo dose values obtained during the implantation are therefore representative for the total accumulated dose in the urethra.
  • In 5 patients, the dose rates during and after the implantation were below the maximum dose rate of the urethra, using the planned seed distribution.
  • CONCLUSION: In vivo dosimetry during the implantation, using a MOSFET array, is a feasible technique to evaluate the dose in the urethra during the implantation of (125)I seeds for prostate brachytherapy.
  • [MeSH-major] Brachytherapy / methods. Iodine Radioisotopes / therapeutic use. Prostatic Neoplasms / radiotherapy. Urethra / radiation effects

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  • (PMID = 19665317.001).
  • [ISSN] 1879-355X
  • [Journal-full-title] International journal of radiation oncology, biology, physics
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Int. J. Radiat. Oncol. Biol. Phys.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Iodine Radioisotopes
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6. McClure CP, Tighe PJ, Robins RA, Bansal D, Bowman CA, Kingston M, Ball JK: HIV coreceptor and chemokine ligand gene expression in the male urethra and female cervix. AIDS; 2005 Aug 12;19(12):1257-65
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] HIV coreceptor and chemokine ligand gene expression in the male urethra and female cervix.
  • DESIGN: Individuals attending a local genitourinary medicine unit were recruited, and samples of genital epithelia obtained using either a cytobrush (females) or urethral swab (males).
  • RESULTS: CXCR4 and CCR3 coreceptors were expressed at significantly higher levels than CCR5 within the female endo- and ectocervix and distal end of the male urethra.
  • [MeSH-major] Cervix Uteri / metabolism. Receptors, CCR5 / metabolism. Receptors, CXCR4 / metabolism. Receptors, Chemokine / metabolism. Urethra / metabolism

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  • (PMID = 16052080.001).
  • [ISSN] 0269-9370
  • [Journal-full-title] AIDS (London, England)
  • [ISO-abbreviation] AIDS
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Adaptor Proteins, Signal Transducing; 0 / CCR3 protein, human; 0 / Carrier Proteins; 0 / Chemokine CCL5; 0 / MAPKAP1 protein, human; 0 / RNA, Messenger; 0 / Receptors, CCR3; 0 / Receptors, CCR5; 0 / Receptors, CXCR4; 0 / Receptors, Chemokine
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7. Mickelson JJ, MacNeily AE, Blair GK: The posterior urethra in anorectal malformations. J Pediatr Surg; 2007 Mar;42(3):585-7
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] The posterior urethra in anorectal malformations.
  • Anorectal malformations are commonly associated with recto-urethral fistulas.
  • Definitive repair of these anomalies may result in injury to the bladder and urethra.
  • [MeSH-major] Anal Canal / abnormalities. Digestive System Abnormalities / surgery. Rectum / abnormalities. Urethra / abnormalities. Urogenital Abnormalities / surgery

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  • (PMID = 17336208.001).
  • [ISSN] 1531-5037
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of pediatric surgery
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Pediatr. Surg.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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8. Yoon HY, Mann FA, Punke JP, Jeong SW: Bilateral ureteral ectopia with renal dysplasia and urolithiasis in a dog. J Am Anim Hosp Assoc; 2010 May-Jun;46(3):209-14
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • An abdominal computed tomography scan with contrast revealed that the left ureter was extramurally ectopic, inserting into the proximal urethra.
  • [MeSH-major] Abnormalities, Multiple / veterinary. Dog Diseases / diagnosis. Urinary Incontinence / veterinary. Urolithiasis / veterinary


9. Rigamonti W, Iafrate M, Milani C, Capizzi A, Bisogno G, Carli M, Glazel GP: Orthotopic continent urinary diversion after radical cystectomy in pediatric patients with genitourinary rhabdomyosarcoma. J Urol; 2006 Mar;175(3 Pt 1):1092-6; discussion 1096
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  • In fact, patients are able to void spontaneously through the urethra.

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  • (PMID = 16469628.001).
  • [ISSN] 0022-5347
  • [Journal-full-title] The Journal of urology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Urol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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10. Cabezón Gutiérrez L, Márquez-Rodas I, Soria Lovelle A, Martín Marino A, Alvarez Alvarez R, Muñoz Martín AJ: [Melanoma of male urethra: A clinical case]. Actas Urol Esp; 2010 Jul;34(7):651-2
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] [Melanoma of male urethra: A clinical case].
  • [Transliterated title] Melanoma de uretra masculina: caso clínico.
  • [MeSH-major] Melanoma. Urethral Neoplasms

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  • (PMID = 20540890.001).
  • [ISSN] 1699-7980
  • [Journal-full-title] Actas urologicas españolas
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Actas Urol Esp
  • [Language] spa
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Letter
  • [Publication-country] Spain
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11. Foglia G, Mistrangelo E, Lijoi D, Alessandri F, Ragni N: Transfascial vaginal tape for surgical treatment of stress urinary incontinence. Urology; 2006 Aug;68(2):423-6
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • INTRODUCTION: In the past decade, two minimally invasive, mid-urethral sling procedures have been developed to correct stress urinary incontinence: the tension-free vaginal tape and the transobturator tape.
  • Using similar surgical principles, we describe the placement of a sling located at the mid-urethral level and placed laterally in the previously perforated endopelvic fascia.
  • TECHNICAL CONSIDERATIONS: A 2 to 3-cm-long vertical incision was made at the mid-urethral level.
  • A 1.5 x 8-cm monofilament polypropylene mesh was placed under the mid-urethra and laterally in the previously perforated endopelvic fascia.


12. Panebianco V, Sciarra A, Di Martino M, Bernardo S, Vergari V, Gentilucci A, Catalano C, Passariello R: Bladder carcinoma: MDCT cystography and virtual cystoscopy. Abdom Imaging; 2010 Jun;35(3):257-64
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • Bladder carcinoma is the most common tumor among the low urinary tract, accounting for 90% of cancer cases.
  • Conventional cystoscopy represents the gold standard for diagnosis and local management of bladder carcinoma.
  • As the prevalence of transitional cell carcinoma is four-fold greater in men than in women, the endoscopic procedure presents objective difficulties related to the length and bending of male urethra.
  • Additionally, conventional cystoscopy does not provide information about extravescical extensions of the tumor.
  • CT cystography, combined with virtual cystoscopy, is mandatory for TNM staging of the tumor and also is useful when conventional cystoscopy is inconclusive or cannot be performed.
  • [MeSH-major] Cystoscopy / methods. Tomography, X-Ray Computed / methods. Urinary Bladder Neoplasms / diagnosis
  • [MeSH-minor] Adenocarcinoma / pathology. Carcinoma, Squamous Cell / pathology. Female. Humans. Male. Neoplasm Invasiveness. Neoplasm Staging

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  • (PMID = 19471998.001).
  • [ISSN] 1432-0509
  • [Journal-full-title] Abdominal imaging
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Abdom Imaging
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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13. Ko R, Tan AH, Chew BH, Rowe PE, Razvi H: Comparison of the thermal and histopathological effects of bipolar and monopolar electrosurgical resection of the prostate in a canine model. BJU Int; 2010 May;105(9):1314-7
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  • Bipolar TURP is an alternative to monopolar electrosurgery for treating benign prostatic hyperplasia and has several potential clinical advantages, including the ability to use normal saline irrigation, enhanced haemostasis and less collateral thermal damage.
  • After midline laparotomy and exposure of the bladder and prostate, two fibre-optic thermosensors were placed to record tissue temperatures; one sensor was placed into the substance of the prostate 2 cm from the urethra and the second in the prostatic-rectal groove on the capsular surface of the prostate to measure temperatures in the region of the neurovascular bundles.

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  • [CommentIn] J Urol. 2011 May;185(5):1979-80 [22088747.001]
  • (PMID = 19817746.001).
  • [ISSN] 1464-410X
  • [Journal-full-title] BJU international
  • [ISO-abbreviation] BJU Int.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Comparative Study; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] England
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14. Fanjul M, Molina E, Cerdá J, Parente A, Laín A, Cañizo A, Carrera N: [Characteristics of the anorectal atresia without fistula. Based on 12 cases]. Cir Pediatr; 2009 Jan;22(1):45-8
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Transliterated title] Peculiaridades de la atresia anorrectal sin fístula. A propósito de 12 casos.
  • This anomaly is described as a lack of annus, with a blind rectal pouch, located about 2 cm above perineal skin, and sharing a common wall with the urethra or vagina.
  • The aim of this work is to present our experience in this condition and to determine the differences between the diagnosis, treatment and long-term outcome of these patients in relation to other forms of anorectal malformation.

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  • (PMID = 19323083.001).
  • [ISSN] 0214-1221
  • [Journal-full-title] Cirugía pediátrica : organo oficial de la Sociedad Española de Cirugía Pediátrica
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Cir Pediatr
  • [Language] spa
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Spain
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15. Guru KA, Nogueira M, Piacente P, Nyquist J, Mohler JL, Kim HL: Rapid communication: robot-assisted anterior exenteration: technique and initial series. J Endourol; 2007 Jun;21(6):633-9
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • The time required for anastomosis between the neobladder and the urethra with robotic assistance was 1 hour and 43 minutes, including time for closure of the mini-incision, redocking, and port placement.

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  • (PMID = 17638561.001).
  • [ISSN] 0892-7790
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of endourology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Endourol.
  • [Language] ENG
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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16. Sato K, Tachibana H, Tsuzuki T, Ueda Y, Katsuda S: Prostatic ductal adenocarcinoma mimicking villous adenoma of the urethra. Virchows Arch; 2006 Nov;449(5):597-9
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Prostatic ductal adenocarcinoma mimicking villous adenoma of the urethra.
  • [MeSH-major] Adenocarcinoma / pathology. Carcinoma, Ductal / pathology. Prostatic Neoplasms / pathology. Urethral Neoplasms / pathology

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  • [Cites] Cancer. 1991 Apr 15;67(8):2118-24 [2004331.001]
  • [Cites] Cancer. 1973 Aug;32(2):402-9 [4124700.001]
  • [Cites] Cancer. 1967 Oct;20(10):1715-22 [4168340.001]
  • [Cites] Urology. 1994 May;43(5):737-42 [7513110.001]
  • (PMID = 16988838.001).
  • [ISSN] 0945-6317
  • [Journal-full-title] Virchows Archiv : an international journal of pathology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Virchows Arch.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Letter
  • [Publication-country] Germany
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17. Rehman J, Chugtai B, Sukkarich T, Khan SA: Extraperitoneal laparoscopic removal of eroded midurethral sling: a new technique. J Endourol; 2008 Feb;22(2):365-8
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • Postoperatively, at 24 and 22 months, respectively, the sling had eroded through the high urethra near the bladder neck.
  • A three-port extraperitoneal laparoscopic approach was used to remove the urethral slings and repair the bladder.

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  • (PMID = 18294043.001).
  • [ISSN] 0892-7790
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of endourology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Endourol.
  • [Language] ENG
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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18. Sarikcioglu L, Demirel BM, Ozsoy U, Gurer EI, Oguz N, Ucar Y: Angiolipoma located inside the obturator canal and supplied by the umbilical artery. Ann Anat; 2007;189(1):75-8
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • Microscopically the benign soft tissue tumor was characterized by lobules of mature adipocytes and densely distributed networks of small and larger blood vessels, thus resembling typical histological features of an angiolipoma.
  • Both the uncommon location of the angiolipoma and the abnormal branch of the umbilical artery entering the obturator canal should be taken into account during surgical procedures in this region, such as for orthopedic pelvic procedures, hernia repair or bladder/urethra-related interventions (e.g. transobturator tape, tension-free vaginal tape, colposuspension).

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  • (PMID = 17319612.001).
  • [ISSN] 0940-9602
  • [Journal-full-title] Annals of anatomy = Anatomischer Anzeiger : official organ of the Anatomische Gesellschaft
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Ann. Anat.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] Germany
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19. Osipov IB, Gorelov SI, Lebedev DA, Kryshko DK, Pirogov IaS, Sokolova NG: [Secondary uroliths after surgical correction of urinary bladder extrophy]. Urologiia; 2007 Sep-Oct;(5):10-3
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • The analysis of long-term results of complex surgical correction of urinary bladder extrophy in 83 patients has shown that 21 (25.3%) patients had concrements in the urethra.

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  • (PMID = 18254217.001).
  • [ISSN] 1728-2985
  • [Journal-full-title] Urologii︠a︡ (Moscow, Russia : 1999)
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Urologiia
  • [Language] rus
  • [Publication-type] English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Russia (Federation)
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20. Comiter CV: Surgery insight: management of failed sling surgery for female stress urinary incontinence. Nat Clin Pract Urol; 2006 Dec;3(12):666-74
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • While sling surgery in the patient with urethral hypermobility is often straightforward, reoperation for recurrent incontinence can be more technically challenging.
  • In the patient with a fixed and incompetent urethra, periurethral bulking agents, pubovaginal sling, spiral sling, or artificial urinary sphincter placement may be indicated.

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  • (PMID = 17149383.001).
  • [ISSN] 1743-4289
  • [Journal-full-title] Nature clinical practice. Urology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Nat Clin Pract Urol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Number-of-references] 68
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21. Zu XB, Chen MF, Ye ZQ, Zhou SW, Qi L, Zhang XY: [Clinical features and minimally invasive treatment of prostatic utricle cyst]. Zhonghua Nan Ke Xue; 2009 Aug;15(8):721-3
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  • Transurethral cyst deroofing was performed for 3 of the patients with smaller cysts close to the prostatic urethra, and laparoscopic excision of the prostatic utricle was conducted for the other 6 with bigger cysts behind the prostatic urethra.
  • Transurethral cyst deroofing is valuable for prostatic utricle cyst close to the prostatic urethra.
  • [MeSH-major] Cysts / diagnosis. Cysts / surgery. Prostatic Diseases / diagnosis. Prostatic Diseases / surgery

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  • (PMID = 19852274.001).
  • [ISSN] 1009-3591
  • [Journal-full-title] Zhonghua nan ke xue = National journal of andrology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Zhonghua Nan Ke Xue
  • [Language] chi
  • [Publication-type] English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] China
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22. Lin C, Yin Y, Long F, Ma L: Tissue-specific requirements of beta-catenin in external genitalia development. Development; 2008 Aug;135(16):2815-25
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  • Although congenital external genitalia malformations represent the second most common birth defect in humans, the genetic pathways governing early external genitalia development and urethra formation are poorly understood.
  • Proper development of the GT requires coordinated outgrowth of the mesodermally derived mesenchyme and extension of the endodermal urethra within an ectodermal epithelial capsule.
  • WNT-beta-catenin signaling is required in the endodermal urethra to activate and maintain Fgf8 expression and direct GT outgrowth, as well as to maintain homeostasis of the urethra.

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  • (PMID = 18635608.001).
  • [ISSN] 0950-1991
  • [Journal-full-title] Development (Cambridge, England)
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Development
  • [Language] ENG
  • [Grant] United States / NIEHS NIH HHS / ES / ES014482-03; United States / NICHD NIH HHS / HD / R01 HD041492; United States / NICHD NIH HHS / HD / HD41492; United States / NICHD NIH HHS / HD / R01 HD041492-05; United States / NIEHS NIH HHS / ES / ES014482; United States / NIEHS NIH HHS / ES / R01 ES014482; United States / NIEHS NIH HHS / ES / R01 ES014482-03; United States / NICHD NIH HHS / HD / HD041492-05
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Fgf8 protein, mouse; 0 / Wnt Proteins; 0 / beta Catenin; 148997-75-5 / Fibroblast Growth Factor 8
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ NIHMS71033; NLM/ PMC2614308
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23. Murakami N, Itami J, Okuma K, Marino H, Nakagawa K, Ban T, Nakazato M, Kanai K, Naoi K, Fuse M: Urethral dose and increment of international prostate symptom score (IPSS) in transperineal permanent interstitial implant (TPI) of prostate cancer. Strahlenther Onkol; 2008 Oct;184(10):515-9
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  • [Title] Urethral dose and increment of international prostate symptom score (IPSS) in transperineal permanent interstitial implant (TPI) of prostate cancer.
  • Clinical, treatment, and dosimetric parameters evaluated included age, initial prostate-specific antigen, Gleason Score, neoadjuvant hormone therapy, initial IPSS, post-TPI prostatic volume, number of implanted seeds, prostate V(100), V(150), D(90), urethral D(max), and urethral D(90).
  • In order to further evaluate detailed urethral doses, the base and apical urethra were defined and the dosimetric parameters were calculated.
  • Multivariate analysis demonstrated a statistically significant correlation of post-TPI prostatic volume, number of implanted seeds, and the dosimetric parameters of the base urethra with IPSS increment.
  • CONCLUSION: The base urethra appears to be susceptible to radiation and the increased dose to this region deteriorates IPSS.
  • It remains unclear whether the base urethral dose relates to the incidence of late urinary morbidities.
  • [MeSH-major] Brachytherapy / methods. Prostatic Neoplasms / radiotherapy. Urethra / radiation effects
  • [MeSH-minor] Aged. Aged, 80 and over. Antineoplastic Agents, Hormonal / therapeutic use. Combined Modality Therapy. Follow-Up Studies. Humans. Iodine Radioisotopes / therapeutic use. Male. Middle Aged. Neoadjuvant Therapy. Neoplasm Staging. Perineum. Prostate-Specific Antigen / blood. Radiation Dosage. Radiometry

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  • (PMID = 19016040.001).
  • [ISSN] 0179-7158
  • [Journal-full-title] Strahlentherapie und Onkologie : Organ der Deutschen Röntgengesellschaft ... [et al]
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Strahlenther Onkol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Germany
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Antineoplastic Agents, Hormonal; 0 / Iodine Radioisotopes; EC 3.4.21.77 / Prostate-Specific Antigen
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24. Wada Y, Takahashi W, Latifpour J, Yamada G, Kai N, Honda J, Nakanishi J, Weiss RM: Regional differences in the functional and biochemical properties of endothelin receptor subtypes in the rabbit prostatic urethra. BJU Int; 2007 Aug;100(2):430-7
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  • [Title] Regional differences in the functional and biochemical properties of endothelin receptor subtypes in the rabbit prostatic urethra.
  • OBJECTIVE: To examine the regional differences in the functional (pharmacological) and biochemical properties of endothelin (ET) receptors in the rabbit prostatic urethra.
  • Using plasma membrane suspensions, saturation and inhibition experiments with [(125)I]ET-1 and unlabelled agonists and antagonists (ET(A)-selective antagonist BQ123, and ET(B)-selective agonist sarafotoxin 6c, STX6c) were done to determine the ET receptor densities and their subtype specificities in the different regions of the urethra.
  • RESULTS: The ETs (ET-1 and ET-3) produced significant concentration-dependent contractile responses in the smooth muscle strips from the different regions of the urethra.
  • These data indicate the presence of regional differences in the densities and subtype specificities of ET receptor subtypes, and the existence of regional differences in the rabbit prostatic urethra.
  • CONCLUSION: The results suggest regional differences in ET(B) receptor subtypes that mediate contractile responses to ET-3, reflecting differences in the densities and specificities of the ET receptor subtypes in the rabbit prostatic urethra.
  • [MeSH-major] Muscle, Smooth / physiology. Receptors, Endothelin / physiology. Urethra / physiology

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  • (PMID = 17559559.001).
  • [ISSN] 1464-4096
  • [Journal-full-title] BJU international
  • [ISO-abbreviation] BJU Int.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Receptors, Endothelin
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25. Cormio L, Sanguedolce F, Pentimone S, Perrone A, Annese P, Turri FP, Bufo P, Carrieri G: Urethral corpus spongiosum amyloidosis presenting with urethrorrhagia during erection. J Sex Med; 2009 Oct;6(10):2915-7
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  • [Title] Urethral corpus spongiosum amyloidosis presenting with urethrorrhagia during erection.
  • INTRODUCTION: Urethral amyloidosis is a rare, probably inflammatory condition usually presenting with hematuria and obstructive urinary symptoms, thus mimicking urethral malignancy.
  • After histological confirmation of the diagnosis, treatment can be expectant or symptomatic. AIM.
  • METHODS. A 30-year-old man presented with a 5-month history of urethrorrhagia occurring only during erection, and with a painless palpable nodule in his penile urethra clearly visible on urethral US and magnetic resonance imaging, but not on urethroscopy.
  • RESULTS. The patient underwent wide surgical excision of the urethral nodule and grafting of the urethral defect with a pedicled preputial flap.
  • Histological examination revealed isolated amyloid of urethral corpus spongiosum.
  • CONCLUSIONS. Isolated urethrorrhagia during erection and without urinary symptoms can be the presenting sign of urethral amyloidosis involving corpus spongiosum rather than the urethral lumen; in such cases, surgical exploration, wide urethral excision and grafting are mandatory.
  • [MeSH-major] Amyloidosis / complications. Penile Diseases / surgery. Penile Erection. Penis / pathology. Urethra / pathology. Urethral Diseases / complications


26. Drewa T, Wolski Z, Gałazka P, Olszewska-Słonina D, Musiałkiewicz D, Czajkowski R: Lack of local anesthetic properties of lidocaine gel in an experimental model. Urol Int; 2006;76(4):359-63
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  • INTRODUCTION: Many reports negate the anesthetic properties of lidocaine gel placed in the urethra during catheterization.

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  • [Copyright] 2006 S. Karger AG, Basel.
  • (PMID = 16679841.001).
  • [ISSN] 0042-1138
  • [Journal-full-title] Urologia internationalis
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Urol. Int.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Switzerland
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Anesthetics, Local; 0 / Gels; 98PI200987 / Lidocaine
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27. Garavelli L, Cerruti-Mainardi P, Virdis R, Pedori S, Pastore G, Godi M, Provera S, Rauch A, Zweier C, Zollino M, Banchini G, Longo N, Mowat D, Neri G, Bernasconi S: Genitourinary anomalies in Mowat-Wilson syndrome with deletion/mutation in the zinc finger homeo box 1B gene (ZFHX1B). Report of three Italian cases with hypospadias and review. Horm Res; 2005;63(4):187-92
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  • Hypospadias, when the urethra opens on the ventral side of the penis, is a common malformation seen in about 3 per 1,000 male births.
  • It is a complex disorder associated with genetic and environmental factors and can be part of genetic syndromes.

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  • [Copyright] 2005 S. Karger AG, Basel
  • (PMID = 15908750.001).
  • [ISSN] 0301-0163
  • [Journal-full-title] Hormone research
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Horm. Res.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Switzerland
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Homeodomain Proteins; 0 / Repressor Proteins; 0 / ZEB2 protein, human
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28. Roy M, Matin M, Alam M, Suruzzaman M, Rahman M: Fracture of the penis with urethral rupture. Mymensingh Med J; 2008 Jan;17(1):70-3
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  • [Title] Fracture of the penis with urethral rupture.
  • We report a rare case of penile fracture with incomplete urethral rupture in a 25 years old male who sustained the injury during sexual intercourse.
  • He presented with a tense haematoma on the ventral aspect of the penile shaft, associated with urethral bleeding.
  • Per urethral catheterization was possible though it was painful.
  • Exploration and repair of the penile fracture and urethra were performed within 16 hrs.
  • Very rarely it is associated with urethral rupture.

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  • (PMID = 18285737.001).
  • [ISSN] 1022-4742
  • [Journal-full-title] Mymensingh medical journal : MMJ
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Mymensingh Med J
  • [Language] ENG
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Bangladesh
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29. Fujisawa Y, Nakamura Y, Takahashi T, Kawachi Y, Otsuka F: Penile preservation surgery in a case of extramammary Paget's disease involving the glans penis and distal urethra. Dermatol Surg; 2008 Jun;34(6):823-30; discussion 830-1
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  • [Title] Penile preservation surgery in a case of extramammary Paget's disease involving the glans penis and distal urethra.
  • [MeSH-major] Paget Disease, Extramammary / surgery. Penile Neoplasms / surgery. Reconstructive Surgical Procedures / methods. Urethral Neoplasms / surgery

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  • (PMID = 18384373.001).
  • [ISSN] 1524-4725
  • [Journal-full-title] Dermatologic surgery : official publication for American Society for Dermatologic Surgery [et al.]
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Dermatol Surg
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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30. Wadie BS: Endoscopic excision of an eroding calcified mesh sling, 10 years after primary surgery. Int Urogynecol J Pelvic Floor Dysfunct; 2009 Feb;20(2):255-7
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  • Management of urethral erosion typically entails two options: sling incision (in the early postoperative period) or excision of the suburethral part of the sling (urethrolysis).
  • Disintegration of the stone revealed eroding mesh embedded in the urethral wall.
  • Both vaginal and urethral walls are intact, and she is capable of normal voiding with some stress incontinence.
  • Although it is unusual, a sling eroding the urethra is a diagnosis that needs to be considered even 10 years after surgery.
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Female. Humans. Urinary Tract Infections / diagnosis. Urinary Tract Infections / etiology

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  • [Cites] Curr Opin Urol. 2006 Jul;16(4):240-3 [16770121.001]
  • [Cites] Int Urogynecol J Pelvic Floor Dysfunct. 2007 Sep;18(9):1113-4 [17347793.001]
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  • (PMID = 18758681.001).
  • [Journal-full-title] International urogynecology journal and pelvic floor dysfunction
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Int Urogynecol J Pelvic Floor Dysfunct
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] England
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31. Roy MK, Azam MS, Karim MR: Male urethral cancer. Mymensingh Med J; 2007 Jan;16(1):104-7
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  • [Title] Male urethral cancer.
  • He was clinically diagnosed a case of stricture urethra.
  • In October 2005, biopsy from the scrotal abscess wall established the diagnosis of urethral carcinoma.
  • Urethral carcinoma is a rare disease diagnosed in the department of urology, Mymensingh Medical College Hospital, the prognosis of which is also poor even after extensive operations.

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  • (PMID = 17344791.001).
  • [ISSN] 1022-4742
  • [Journal-full-title] Mymensingh medical journal : MMJ
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Mymensingh Med J
  • [Language] ENG
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Bangladesh
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32. Kaneko T, Nishimatsu H, Ogushi T, Sugimoto M, Asakage Y, Kitamura T: [Laser hair removal for urethral hair after hypospadias repair]. Nihon Hinyokika Gakkai Zasshi; 2008 Jan;99(1):35-8
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  • [Title] [Laser hair removal for urethral hair after hypospadias repair].
  • Computed tomography showed a large urethral calculus in the distal urethra.
  • He had also suffered from recurrent urethral calculi managed by urethrolithotomy 5 and 2 years before the admission.
  • Urethrolithotomy revealed hair-bearing urethral calculus.
  • [MeSH-major] Hair. Hair Removal / methods. Hypospadias / surgery. Laser Therapy / methods. Postoperative Complications / surgery. Urethra / surgery. Urinary Calculi / surgery

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  • (PMID = 18260346.001).
  • [ISSN] 0021-5287
  • [Journal-full-title] Nihon Hinyōkika Gakkai zasshi. The japanese journal of urology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Nippon Hinyokika Gakkai Zasshi
  • [Language] jpn
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Japan
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33. Carro-Juárez M, Rodríguez-Manzo G: The spinal pattern generator for ejaculation. Brain Res Rev; 2008 Jun;58(1):106-20
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  • Ejaculation is the physiological process that describes the expulsion of the semen from the urethra.

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  • (PMID = 18241924.001).
  • [ISSN] 0165-0173
  • [Journal-full-title] Brain research reviews
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Brain Res Rev
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] Netherlands
  • [Number-of-references] 114
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34. Shichiri Y, Kanno T, Oida T, Kanamaru H: Facilitating the technique of laparoscopic running urethrovesical anastomosis using Lapra-ty absorbable suture clips. Int J Urol; 2006 Feb;13(2):192-4
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  • Using two 20 cm absorbable sutures tied together and locked with Lapra-ty at their tail ends, the initiating mattress sutures are placed in the 5:30-6:30-o'clock area between the urethra and the bladder neck.
  • [MeSH-major] Absorbable Implants. Laparoscopy. Sutures. Urethra / surgery. Urinary Bladder / surgery

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  • (PMID = 16563151.001).
  • [ISSN] 0919-8172
  • [Journal-full-title] International journal of urology : official journal of the Japanese Urological Association
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Int. J. Urol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Australia
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35. Liao JM, Huang PC, Pan SF, Chen MJ, Tung KC, Peng HY, Shyu JC, Liou YM, Chen GD, Lin TB: Spinal glutamatergic NMDA-dependent pelvic nerve-to-external urethra sphincter reflex potentiation caused by a mechanical stimulation in anesthetized rats. Am J Physiol Renal Physiol; 2007 Jun;292(6):F1791-801
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  • [Title] Spinal glutamatergic NMDA-dependent pelvic nerve-to-external urethra sphincter reflex potentiation caused by a mechanical stimulation in anesthetized rats.
  • The current study investigates whether the spinal pelvic nerve-to-external urethra sphincter (EUS) reflex potentiation can be induced by a mechanical stimulation and whether the glutamatergic mechanism is involved in yielding such a reflex potentiation.
  • The external urethra sphincter electromyogram (EUSE) activity, evoked by a single or by repetitive pelvic nerve stimulation, in 30 anesthetized rats was recorded with/without bladder saline distension.
  • The duration of the contraction wave of the urethra was elongated by the saline distension-induced pelvic nerve-to-EUS reflex potentiation, whereas the peak pressure of the contraction wave was not affected.
  • [MeSH-major] Glutamic Acid / physiology. Pelvis / innervation. Peripheral Nerves / physiology. Receptors, N-Methyl-D-Aspartate / physiology. Reflex / physiology. Urethra / innervation

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  • (PMID = 17287199.001).
  • [ISSN] 1931-857X
  • [Journal-full-title] American journal of physiology. Renal physiology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Am. J. Physiol. Renal Physiol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / GABA Agonists; 0 / GABA Antagonists; 0 / Receptors, AMPA; 0 / Receptors, N-Methyl-D-Aspartate; 3KX376GY7L / Glutamic Acid
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36. Lo TS, Lee SJ: Simple sling resection and a second, intermediate polypropylene mesh for treatment of vaginal tape protrusion concurrent with recurrent urinary stress incontinence after TVT procedure. J Obstet Gynaecol Res; 2007 Oct;33(5):739-42
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  • The mal-positioned distal protruded TVT was resected and a second intermediate piece of polypropylene (Prolene) mesh was replaced at mid-urethra.

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  • (PMID = 17845341.001).
  • [ISSN] 1341-8076
  • [Journal-full-title] The journal of obstetrics and gynaecology research
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Obstet. Gynaecol. Res.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Japan
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37. Deniz N, Kirac M, Camtosun A, Irkilata L, Tan MO: Repair of hypospadiac urethral duplication with dismembered urethroplasty. Urol Int; 2008;80(1):105-7
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Repair of hypospadiac urethral duplication with dismembered urethroplasty.
  • Urethral duplication is a complex and rarely seen anomaly with three anatomic variants: epispadiac (dorsal), hypospadiac (ventral) and Y-type.
  • Here we report an 11-year-old male patient with hypospadiac urethral duplication who presented with daytime urinary incontinence and dribbling, urethral stricture and possible obstructive uropathy.
  • After endoscopic treatment of the stricture in the ventral (dominant) urethra, urethral reconstruction was done anastomosing the ventral (dominant) and dorsal (non-dominant atretic urethra) in a dismembered fashion.
  • [MeSH-major] Hypospadias / surgery. Urethral Diseases / surgery. Urethral Stricture / surgery. Urinary Incontinence / surgery. Urologic Surgical Procedures, Male / methods

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  • [Copyright] (c) 2008 S. Karger AG, Basel.
  • (PMID = 18204244.001).
  • [ISSN] 1423-0399
  • [Journal-full-title] Urologia internationalis
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Urol. Int.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Switzerland
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38. Jaber S: Successful removal of a foreign body from the urethra. Saudi J Kidney Dis Transpl; 2009 Mar;20(2):293-4
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Successful removal of a foreign body from the urethra.
  • [MeSH-major] Foreign-Body Migration / surgery. Ureteroscopy / methods. Urethra / injuries
  • [MeSH-minor] Adolescent. Diagnosis, Differential. Humans. Male. Urography

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  • (PMID = 19237825.001).
  • [ISSN] 1319-2442
  • [Journal-full-title] Saudi journal of kidney diseases and transplantation : an official publication of the Saudi Center for Organ Transplantation, Saudi Arabia
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Saudi J Kidney Dis Transpl
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Letter
  • [Publication-country] Saudi Arabia
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39. Feltes Ochoa JA, Blanco Carballo O, Sánchez Angel T, Villacampa Aubá F, Conde Gallego E: [Adenocarcinoma of the female urethra: report of two cases and bibliography review]. Arch Esp Urol; 2005 Sep;58(7):677-82
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  • [Title] [Adenocarcinoma of the female urethra: report of two cases and bibliography review].
  • [Transliterated title] Adenocarcinoma de uretra femenina: presentación de dos casos y revisión de la literatura.
  • OBJECTIVES: Primary adenocarcinoma of the female urethra is a rare malignancy.
  • We report two cases and a review of the latest articles focused on classification and treatment of this kind of neoplasm.
  • METHODS: We present two females diagnosed of urethral adenocarcinoma, describing clinic and pathological features, diagnosis and treatment.
  • CONCLUSIONS: Female urethral adenocarcinoma is an uncommon neoplasm with a heterogeneous histogenesis.
  • The distal urethral carcinoma is more amenable to treatment, and the prognosis is better than that of proximal or entire urethral carcinoma, which is often associated with extensive local invasion and metastasis.
  • [MeSH-major] Adenocarcinoma. Urethral Neoplasms

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  • (PMID = 16294793.001).
  • [ISSN] 0004-0614
  • [Journal-full-title] Archivos españoles de urología
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Arch. Esp. Urol.
  • [Language] spa
  • [Publication-type] English Abstract; Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] Spain
  • [Number-of-references] 13
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40. Murawski M, Matusiak M, Gryboś M: [Chlamydia trachomatis as an etiological factor of marital infertility--is a routine diagnostics worth to perform?]. Wiad Lek; 2007;60(9-10):445-8
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  • When the infection spreads outside cervix and urethra,W irreversible damages in the range of genital-urinary system are often.
  • [MeSH-major] Chlamydia Infections / complications. Chlamydia Infections / diagnosis. Chlamydia trachomatis / isolation & purification. Infertility / microbiology. Pelvic Inflammatory Disease / microbiology


41. Clark PE, Hall MC: Contemporary management of the urethra in patients after radical cystectomy for bladder cancer. Urol Clin North Am; 2005 May;32(2):199-206
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  • [Title] Contemporary management of the urethra in patients after radical cystectomy for bladder cancer.
  • The incidence of urethral TCC after radical cystectomy is approximately 8% overall.
  • The most important risk factor for urethral TCC after radical cystectomy and urinary diversion is prostatic involvement by TCC, particularly stromal invasion.
  • The safety of using the urethra for orthotopic urinary diversion seems to be best when intra-operative frozen section analysis of the urethral margin is performed at the time of radical cystectomy.
  • There is provocative but unconfirmed evidence that orthotopic urinary diversion may be protective against the development of urethral TCC.
  • Although most urethral "recurrences" occur within 5 years, delayed recurrences have been documented, mandating life-long follow-up of the retained urethra.
  • Follow-up should include urinary cytology, either voided or urethral wash cytology as appropriate, with evaluation by endoscopy of any urethral related symptoms or change in voiding symptoms.
  • The management of urethral TCC after cystectomy remains a total urethrectomy including excision of the meatus; however, in carefully selected patients with superficial disease and an orthotopic urinary diversion, urethra sparing may be attempted after a careful discussion with the patient.
  • Survival after urethral TCC has generally been disappointing.
  • The relative value of urethral versus original cystectomy pathologic stage and symptomatic versus nonsymptomatic recurrence in predicting survival remains controversial and awaits further studies that will most likely require the pooling of data from several large series.
  • [MeSH-major] Carcinoma, Transitional Cell / pathology. Carcinoma, Transitional Cell / surgery. Cystectomy. Urethral Neoplasms / etiology. Urinary Bladder Neoplasms / pathology. Urinary Bladder Neoplasms / surgery

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  • (PMID = 15862617.001).
  • [ISSN] 0094-0143
  • [Journal-full-title] The Urologic clinics of North America
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Urol. Clin. North Am.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Number-of-references] 60
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42. Radopoulos D, Tzakas C, Dimitriadis G, Vakalopoulos I, Ioannidis S, Vasilakakis I: Dorsal on-lay preputial graft urethroplasty for anterior urethra strictures repair. Int Urol Nephrol; 2007;39(2):497-503
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Dorsal on-lay preputial graft urethroplasty for anterior urethra strictures repair.
  • OBJECTIVES: To report the long-term results and evaluate the effectiveness of the dorsal on-lay preputial graft urethroplasty in patients suffering from anterior urethra strictures.
  • METHODS: A total of 21 male patients, mean age 46.3 years (range 17-67), with anterior urethral strictures, underwent the dorsal on-lay preputial graft urethroplasty during the last 8 years, from October 1997 to September 2005.
  • Strictures were located in bulbar urethra in 16 patients and in penile urethra in the remaining 5.
  • The aetiology the stricture was traumatic injury of the anterior urethra in 12 patients and iatrogenic in 9 patients.
  • A direct vision dorsal urethrotomy and the insertion of an urethral Foley catheter right before the procedure, facilitated the corpus spongiosum dissection and the preparation for urethroplasty.
  • A voiding cystogram was performed on the day of urethral catheter removal to exclude extravasation and estimate the postoperative result.
  • There were 3 recurrences in penile urethra strictures managed conservatively and three in bulbar urethroplasties, treated with internal urethrotomy followed by urethral dilatations.
  • [MeSH-major] Foreskin / transplantation. Urethra / surgery. Urethral Stricture / surgery

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  • [Cites] J Urol. 1982 May;127(5):909 [7045400.001]
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  • (PMID = 17308881.001).
  • [ISSN] 0301-1623
  • [Journal-full-title] International urology and nephrology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Int Urol Nephrol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Netherlands
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43. Sata F, Kurahashi N, Ban S, Moriya K, Tanaka KD, Ishizuka M, Nakao H, Yahata Y, Imai H, Kakizaki H, Nonomura K, Kishi R: Genetic polymorphisms of 17 β-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase 3 and the risk of hypospadias. J Sex Med; 2010 Aug;7(8):2729-38
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • INTRODUCTION: Hypospadias is a common congenital anomaly caused by incomplete fusion of urethral folds.
  • Development of the urethra and external genital system in the male fetus is an androgen-dependent process.

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  • [Copyright] © 2010 International Society for Sexual Medicine.
  • (PMID = 20059664.001).
  • [ISSN] 1743-6109
  • [Journal-full-title] The journal of sexual medicine
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Sex Med
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Membrane Proteins; 0 / RNA, Messenger; EC 1.1.- / 17-Hydroxysteroid Dehydrogenases; EC 1.1.- / 17beta-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase type 3; EC 1.3.99.5 / 3-Oxo-5-alpha-Steroid 4-Dehydrogenase; EC 1.3.99.5 / SRD5A2 protein, human
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44. Stein TA, DeLancey JO: Structure of the perineal membrane in females: gross and microscopic anatomy. Obstet Gynecol; 2008 Mar;111(3):686-93
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  • Specimens included the urethra, perineal membrane, vagina, and surrounding structures.
  • It is intimately associated with the compressor urethrae and the urethrovaginal sphincter muscle of the distal urethra with the urethra and its surrounding connective.

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  • [Cites] Anat Rec. 1971 Jul;170(3):281-3 [5104318.001]
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  • (PMID = 18310372.001).
  • [ISSN] 0029-7844
  • [Journal-full-title] Obstetrics and gynecology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Obstet Gynecol
  • [Language] ENG
  • [Grant] United States / NICHD NIH HHS / HD / P50 HD04406; United States / NICHD NIH HHS / HD / HD044406-05; United States / NICHD NIH HHS / HD / P50 HD044406-05; United States / NICHD NIH HHS / HD / R01 HD 38665; United States / NICHD NIH HHS / HD / P50 HD044406; United States / NICHD NIH HHS / HD / HD038665-05; United States / NICHD NIH HHS / HD / R01 HD038665-05; United States / NICHD NIH HHS / HD / R01 HD038665
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ NIHMS140373; NLM/ PMC2775042
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45. Uchikoba T, Horiuchi K, Oka F, Sato M, Tsuboi N, Ohaki Y, Nishimura T: Diagnosing the location of carcinoma in situ (CIS) of the urinary bladder using pirarubicin hydrochloride. Urol Int; 2005;74(3):235-9
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • THP uptake was also seen in flat malignant lesions such as bladder cancer invasion into the prostatic urethra, and in benign lesions such as chronic cystitis and urothelial hyperplasia.
  • [MeSH-major] Carcinoma in Situ / diagnosis. Doxorubicin / analogs & derivatives. Immunosuppressive Agents. Urinary Bladder Neoplasms / diagnosis
  • [MeSH-minor] Administration, Intravesical. Adult. Aged. Aged, 80 and over. Biopsy. Cystoscopy. Female. Humans. Male. Microscopy, Fluorescence. Middle Aged. Mucous Membrane / metabolism. Mucous Membrane / ultrastructure. Neoplasm Staging. Sensitivity and Specificity. Urinary Bladder / metabolism. Urinary Bladder / ultrastructure

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  • [Copyright] Copyright 2005 S. Karger AG, Basel.
  • (PMID = 15812210.001).
  • [ISSN] 0042-1138
  • [Journal-full-title] Urologia internationalis
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Urol. Int.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Comparative Study; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Switzerland
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Immunosuppressive Agents; 80168379AG / Doxorubicin; D58G680W0G / pirarubicin
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46. Ceylan K, Burhan K, Yilmaz Y, Can S, Kuş A, Mustafa G: Severe complications of circumcision: an analysis of 48 cases. J Pediatr Urol; 2007 Feb;3(1):32-5
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  • The other complications were: meatal stenosis in 11 (23%), urethral fistula in five (10.4%), partial glandular amputation in four (8%) and opening distal urethra in three (6%).
  • Adhesion freeing and revision were performed in all cases of preputio-glandular fusion, patients with meatal stenosis underwent meatotomy, urethral fistulae were repaired by simple closure, partial glans amputations were patched with buccal mucosa, and patients with complete open distal urethra were repaired by Mathieu (one patient) and tubularized incised plate urethroplasty techniques.

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  • (PMID = 18947695.001).
  • [ISSN] 1873-4898
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of pediatric urology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Pediatr Urol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] England
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47. Vaidyanathan S, Hughes PL, Soni BM: A simple radiological technique for demonstration of incorrect positioning of a foley catheter with balloon inflated in the urethra of a male spinal cord injury patient. ScientificWorldJournal; 2006;6:2445-9
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  • [Title] A simple radiological technique for demonstration of incorrect positioning of a foley catheter with balloon inflated in the urethra of a male spinal cord injury patient.
  • In a male patient with cervical spinal cord injury, the urinary bladder may go into spasm when a urethral catheter is removed and a new Foley catheter is inserted.
  • An inexperienced health professional may inflate the balloon of a Foley catheter in the urethra without realizing that the balloon segment of the catheter is lying in the urethra instead of the urinary bladder.
  • When a Foley balloon is inflated in the urethra, a tetraplegic patient is likely to develop autonomic dysreflexia.
  • Radiological diagnosis is not frequently required and, when needed, should employ the technique most readily available, which might be a body and pelvic CT without intravenous contrast.
  • When a Foley catheter has been inserted correctly, the balloon of the Foley catheter should be located within the urinary bladder, but when the Foley catheter is misplaced with the balloon inflated in the urethra, a round opaque shadow of the Foley balloon is seen separately below the urinary bladder.
  • When a Foley balloon is inflated in the urethra, abdominal ultrasonography will show an absence of the Foley balloon within the bladder.
  • [MeSH-major] Catheterization / adverse effects. Spinal Cord Injuries / complications. Urethra / pathology. Urethra / radionuclide imaging. Urinary Catheterization / adverse effects. Urology / methods

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  • (PMID = 17619716.001).
  • [ISSN] 1537-744X
  • [Journal-full-title] TheScientificWorldJournal
  • [ISO-abbreviation] ScientificWorldJournal
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Contrast Media
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48. Serels S: Thoughts on midurethral synthetic slings. Curr Urol Rep; 2007 Sep;8(5):359-63
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • Over the years, it became accepted that the most effective way to correct SUI involved a procedure that supports the urethra.
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Aged. Female. Follow-Up Studies. Humans. Middle Aged. Patient Satisfaction. Polypropylenes. Prosthesis Implantation / methods. Risk Assessment. Severity of Illness Index. Treatment Outcome. Urethra / surgery. Urodynamics

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  • [Cites] Neurourol Urodyn. 2007;26(1):42-5 [17149712.001]
  • [Cites] Int Urogynecol J Pelvic Floor Dysfunct. 2006 Nov;17(6):566-9 [16525760.001]
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  • [Cites] Urology. 2001 Nov;58(5):702-6 [11711344.001]
  • [Cites] Br J Obstet Gynaecol. 1999 Apr;106(4):345-50 [10426241.001]
  • (PMID = 17880833.001).
  • [ISSN] 1534-6285
  • [Journal-full-title] Current urology reports
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Curr Urol Rep
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Polypropylenes
  • [Number-of-references] 26
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49. Kato T, Takahashi Y, Nakane K, Yokoi S, Ehara H, Shinoda I, Deguchi T: [Bilateral renal cell carcinoma associated with polycystic kidney disease: case report and literature review]. Hinyokika Kiyo; 2007 Feb;53(2):117-9
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  • A 56-year-old Japanese man consulted a urologist because of urethral bleeding.
  • Since a neoplasm could not be ruled out, we removed the left kidney, by laparoscopic radical nephrectomy after obtaining the patient's consent.
  • Histopathologic diagnosis was renal cell carcinoma.
  • Fourteen months after the operation, urethral bleeding recurred.
  • Further examination of the bladder and the urethra revealed no significant abnormalities.
  • Histopathologic diagnosis was also renal cell carcinoma.


50. Sarin YK, Manchanda V, Sharma A, Singhal A: Triplication of colon with diphallus and complete duplication of bladder and urethra. J Pediatr Surg; 2006 Nov;41(11):1924-6
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  • [Title] Triplication of colon with diphallus and complete duplication of bladder and urethra.
  • Here, we describe a child with triplication of colon with associated duplication of bladder and urethra and diphallus.
  • [MeSH-major] Colon / abnormalities. Digestive System Abnormalities / surgery. Penis / abnormalities. Urethra / abnormalities. Urinary Bladder / abnormalities. Urogenital Abnormalities / surgery

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  • (PMID = 17101372.001).
  • [ISSN] 1531-5037
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of pediatric surgery
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Pediatr. Surg.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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51. Robyr R, Benachi A, Daikha-Dahmane F, Martinovich J, Dumez Y, Ville Y: Correlation between ultrasound and anatomical findings in fetuses with lower urinary tract obstruction in the first half of pregnancy. Ultrasound Obstet Gynecol; 2005 May;25(5):478-82
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  • Posterior urethral valves (PUV) were suspected antenatally in 20 cases and urethral atresia was not suspected antenatally.
  • However, postmortem examination of the urethra demonstrated atresia in six cases, severe stenosis in eight cases, PUV in nine cases and an apparently normal urethra in one case.
  • Urethral atresia was the most common urethral anomaly at 12-17 weeks.
  • Hydronephrosis was more frequent in cases with PUV (8/9) and urethral stenosis (6/8) than with urethral atresia (0/6).
  • Absence of hydronephrosis and a sagittal diameter of the bladder of less than 40 mm were predictive of urethral atresia or stenosis with a PPV and NPV of 100% and 47.6%, respectively.
  • The absence of hydronephrosis was predictive of urethral atresia with a PPV and NPV of 66.6% and 100%, respectively.
  • CONCLUSION: LUTO in a male fetus presenting with megacystis in the first or second trimester of pregnancy is as likely to reflect urethral atresia or stenosis as it is PUV.
  • The size of the bladder and the presence of hydronephrosis should be considered in order to improve prenatal diagnosis and counseling.
  • [MeSH-major] Hydronephrosis / embryology. Hydronephrosis / ultrasonography. Ultrasonography, Prenatal / methods. Urethral Obstruction / embryology. Urethral Obstruction / ultrasonography. Urinary Bladder / ultrasonography
  • [MeSH-minor] Abortion, Therapeutic. Dilatation, Pathologic / ultrasonography. Female. Humans. Kidney / abnormalities. Kidney / ultrasonography. Male. Pregnancy. Pregnancy Trimester, First. Pregnancy Trimester, Second. Sensitivity and Specificity. Ureter / abnormalities. Ureter / ultrasonography. Urethra / abnormalities. Urethra / ultrasonography

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  • (PMID = 15816021.001).
  • [ISSN] 0960-7692
  • [Journal-full-title] Ultrasound in obstetrics & gynecology : the official journal of the International Society of Ultrasound in Obstetrics and Gynecology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Ultrasound Obstet Gynecol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] England
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52. Ballanger P: [Decisional tree for treating non-neurological urinary incontinence in women]. Prog Urol; 2010 Feb;20 Suppl 2:S177-80
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  • [Transliterated title] Traitement de l'incontinence urinaire féminine non neurologique: arbre décisionnel.
  • In stress urinary incontinence, the quality of the urethra guides the indications for support techniques, with suburethral slings taking the lead and a preference for the retropubic approach in cases of sphincter deficiency with mobility of the urethrovesical junction preserved.

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  • [Copyright] (c) 2010 Elsevier Masson SAS. All rights reserved.
  • (PMID = 20403572.001).
  • [ISSN] 1166-7087
  • [Journal-full-title] Progrès en urologie : journal de l'Association française d'urologie et de la Société française d'urologie
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Prog. Urol.
  • [Language] fre
  • [Publication-type] English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] France
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53. Inoue M, Ishioka J, Kageyama Y, Fukuda H, Higashi Y: [Primary malignant melanoma of the male urethra: a case report]. Hinyokika Kiyo; 2008 Apr;54(4):305-8
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  • [Title] [Primary malignant melanoma of the male urethra: a case report].
  • A hemorrhagic black tumor and surrounding tan-colored flat lesions were observed at the distal urethra on urethroscopy.
  • [MeSH-major] Melanoma. Urethral Neoplasms

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  • (PMID = 18516927.001).
  • [ISSN] 0018-1994
  • [Journal-full-title] Hinyokika kiyo. Acta urologica Japonica
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Hinyokika Kiyo
  • [Language] jpn
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Japan
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54. Mijailovich SM, Sullivan MP, Yalla SV, Venegas JG: Effect of urethral compliance on the steady state p-Q relationships assessed with a mechanical analog of the male lower urinary tract. Neurourol Urodyn; 2007;26(2):234-46
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  • [Title] Effect of urethral compliance on the steady state p-Q relationships assessed with a mechanical analog of the male lower urinary tract.
  • AIMS: Using a lumped parameter theoretical model of bladder outlet function, we previously explored the relationship between the tube law of the urethra and the pressure-flow characteristics during micturition [Mijailovich et al., 2004].
  • METHODS: In the mechanical analog, the bladder neck and urethra were represented by a thin-walled conduit made of latex rubber and the prostate with a fluid filled cuff of variable compliance encircling the conduit.
  • These data are in accordance with urodynamic findings in patients with benign prostatic hypertrophy (BPH) and suggest that a reduction in prostatic compliance exacerbates the severity of obstruction.
  • [MeSH-major] Urethra / physiopathology. Urinary Tract Infections / physiopathology

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  • [Copyright] (c) 2006 Wiley-Liss, Inc.
  • (PMID = 17039462.001).
  • [ISSN] 0733-2467
  • [Journal-full-title] Neurourology and urodynamics
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Neurourol. Urodyn.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Grant] United States / NIAMS NIH HHS / AR / AR 048776-03; United States / NHLBI NIH HHS / HL / HL 33009; United States / NHLBI NIH HHS / HL / HL 68011
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Latex
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55. Delorme E: [Surgery for female stress urinary incontinence with transobturator tape]. Ann Urol (Paris); 2005 Feb;39(1):10-5
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  • [Transliterated title] Traitement chirurgical de l'incontinence urinaire d'effort de la femme par bandelette transobturatrice.
  • The concept underlying this apparatus is based on several points: it reproduces the urethral fascia; it complies with Delancey's concept; it consists of a tension-free band through the soft structures of the obturator fossa; it is a perineal surgery.
  • Respecting some technical landmarks are mandatory to ensure successful intervention: the vaginal incision must include all the thickness of the vaginal wall; the trans-obturated endpoint must be located at the level of the mid urethra; the tunnelling device must have a close contact with the ischiopubic bone; the finger inside the incision protects the urethra and drives the tunnelling device inside the vaginal incision.

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  • (PMID = 15830550.001).
  • [ISSN] 0003-4401
  • [Journal-full-title] Annales d'urologie
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Ann Urol (Paris)
  • [Language] fre
  • [Publication-type] English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] France
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56. Pinggera GM, Mitterberger M, Pallwein L, Frauscher F, Herwig R, Varkarakis J, Peschel R, Strasser H, Bartsch G: Case report: laparoscopic ureteropyelostomy and distal ureterectomy for management of duplication with ectopia. J Endourol; 2007 Jun;21(6):614-7
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  • PURPOSE: To evaluate the role of laparoscopic ureteropyelostomy and subtotal ureterectomy for management of an ectopic ureter to the prostatic urethra.
  • Diagnostic evaluation revealed right renal duplication with an ectopic ureter to the prostatic urethra.

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  • (PMID = 17638556.001).
  • [ISSN] 0892-7790
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of endourology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Endourol.
  • [Language] ENG
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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57. Ricci Arriola P, Solà Dalenz V, Pardo Schanz J: [Proximal urethra portion perforation during TVT-O in a patient with urethral deviation secondary to previous failed Burch surgery]. Actas Urol Esp; 2009 Mar;33(3):315-7
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  • [Title] [Proximal urethra portion perforation during TVT-O in a patient with urethral deviation secondary to previous failed Burch surgery].
  • [Transliterated title] Perforación de la uretra proximal durante TVT-O, en paciente con desviación uretral secundaria a cirugía de Burch fallida.
  • A cystoscopy showed an important deviation of urethra and the tape through urethra in the proximal portion.
  • We believe that the urethral deviation caused by a technically deficient laparoscopic Burch was the reason for the urethral perforation during the TVT-O.
  • [MeSH-major] Prosthesis Implantation / adverse effects. Suburethral Slings / adverse effects. Urethra / injuries

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  • (PMID = 19537071.001).
  • [ISSN] 0210-4806
  • [Journal-full-title] Actas urologicas españolas
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Actas Urol Esp
  • [Language] spa
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Spain
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58. Trabulsi EJ, Hoffman-Censits J: Chemotherapy for penile and urethral carcinoma. Urol Clin North Am; 2010 Aug;37(3):467-74
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  • [Title] Chemotherapy for penile and urethral carcinoma.
  • Although surgery is the mainstay of curative treatment of carcinomas of the penis and urethra, there is a role for systemic cytotoxic chemotherapy for locally advanced, unresectable, or metastatic tumors.
  • This article reviews the available literature on chemotherapy for carcinoma of the penis and urethra in the neoadjuvant, adjuvant, and metastatic setting.
  • [MeSH-major] Penile Neoplasms / drug therapy. Urethral Neoplasms / drug therapy

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  • [Copyright] Copyright 2010 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
  • (PMID = 20674701.001).
  • [ISSN] 1558-318X
  • [Journal-full-title] The Urologic clinics of North America
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Urol. Clin. North Am.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Taxoids
  • [Number-of-references] 34
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59. Soares MJ, Covita A, Neves T, Monteiro P, Canhoto A, Nogueira R, Barreto JL, Mendonça JC, Maya M, Monteiro H: [Strangulated urethral prolapse. Case report]. Arch Esp Urol; 2008 Oct;61(8):922-4
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  • [Title] [Strangulated urethral prolapse. Case report].
  • [Transliterated title] Prolapso uretral encarcerado. A propósito de un caso clínico.
  • OBJECTIVE: We report a case of strangulated urethral prolapse.
  • After being diagnosed with a strangulated urethral pro-lapse, surgical excision of the prolapsed urethra was performed.
  • CONCLUSION: For the treatment of strangulated urethral prolapse, surgical excision has been widely applied with successful results.
  • [MeSH-major] Urethral Diseases

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  • (PMID = 19040161.001).
  • [ISSN] 0004-0614
  • [Journal-full-title] Archivos españoles de urología
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Arch. Esp. Urol.
  • [Language] spa
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Spain
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60. Westenfelder M, Möhring C: [One-stage correction of scrotal and perineal hypospadias with buccal mucosa]. Urologe A; 2007 Dec;46(12):1647-56
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  • In no case was buccal mucosa rejected; nor did any strictures develop between urethra and neo-urethra, being reliably prevented by the connection, with an onlay, to the recessed urethral plate.
  • [MeSH-minor] Administration, Topical. Child. Child, Preschool. Clinical Competence. Dihydrotestosterone / administration & dosage. Feasibility Studies. Follow-Up Studies. Humans. Infant. Male. Microsurgery. Outcome and Process Assessment (Health Care). Postoperative Complications / surgery. Reoperation. Urethra / surgery. Urethral Stricture / surgery

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  • [Cites] J Urol. 2004 Oct;172(4 Pt 2):1714-6; discussion 1716 [15371797.001]
  • [Cites] J Urol. 2004 Oct;172(4 Pt 2):1717-9; discussion 1719 [15371798.001]
  • [Cites] J Urol. 2004 Oct;172(4 Pt 2):1720-4; discussion 1724 [15371799.001]
  • [Cites] Pediatrics. 1983 Mar;71(3):342-51 [6828341.001]
  • (PMID = 17992502.001).
  • [ISSN] 0340-2592
  • [Journal-full-title] Der Urologe. Ausg. A
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Urologe A
  • [Language] ger
  • [Publication-type] English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Germany
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 08J2K08A3Y / Dihydrotestosterone
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61. Xu Y, Song YF, Lin ZX: Transplantation of muscle-derived stem cells plus biodegradable fibrin glue restores the urethral sphincter in a pudendal nerve-transected rat model. Braz J Med Biol Res; 2010 Nov;43(11):1076-83
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  • [Title] Transplantation of muscle-derived stem cells plus biodegradable fibrin glue restores the urethral sphincter in a pudendal nerve-transected rat model.
  • We investigated whether fibrin glue (FG) could promote urethral sphincter restoration in muscle-derived stem cell (MDSC)-based injection therapies in a pudendal nerve-transected (PNT) rat, which was used as a stress urinary incontinence (SUI) model.
  • One and 4 weeks after injection into the proximal urethra, leak point pressure (LPP) was measured to assess urethral resistance function.
  • LPP was slightly higher in the FM group than in the M group but there was no significant difference between them at different times.
  • Fibrin glue may potentially improve the action of transplanted MDSCs to restore the histology and function of the urethral sphincter in a SUI rat model.

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  • (PMID = 21088804.001).
  • [ISSN] 1414-431X
  • [Journal-full-title] Brazilian journal of medical and biological research = Revista brasileira de pesquisas medicas e biologicas
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Braz. J. Med. Biol. Res.
  • [Language] ENG
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] Brazil
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Fibrin Tissue Adhesive; 0 / von Willebrand Factor
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62. Martelli H, Haie-Meder C, Branchereau S, Franchi-Abella S, Ghigna MR, Dumas I, Bouvet N, Oberlin O: Conservative surgery plus brachytherapy treatment for boys with prostate and/or bladder neck rhabdomyosarcoma: a single team experience. J Pediatr Surg; 2009 Jan;44(1):190-6
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  • All patients underwent a conservative surgical procedure, with bladder-neck and urethra preservation.
  • Brachytherapy was systematically performed after tumor resection, as a perioperative procedure, consisting of 2 loops encompassing the prostate and the bladder-neck area.
  • [MeSH-minor] Child. Child, Preschool. Combined Modality Therapy. Humans. Infant. Magnetic Resonance Imaging. Male. Neoplasm, Residual / radiotherapy. Neoplasm, Residual / surgery. Radiotherapy Dosage. Treatment Outcome

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  • (PMID = 19159742.001).
  • [ISSN] 1531-5037
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of pediatric surgery
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Pediatr. Surg.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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63. He HG, Zhang W, Wu TL, Sui YG: [Establishment of a mouse model of hypospadias induced by estradiol benzoate]. Zhonghua Nan Ke Xue; 2007 Jan;13(1):3-7
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  • Examinations were made for urethra and cryptorchidism on the 28th postnatal day.

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  • (PMID = 17302024.001).
  • [ISSN] 1009-3591
  • [Journal-full-title] Zhonghua nan ke xue = National journal of andrology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Zhonghua Nan Ke Xue
  • [Language] chi
  • [Publication-type] English Abstract; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] China
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 1S4CJB5ZGN / estradiol 3-benzoate; 4TI98Z838E / Estradiol
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64. Matsuo K, Koyama M, Yoshida S, Koyama S, Tsutsui T, Shimoya K, Kimura T, Murata Y: Tension-free vaginal tape procedure with manual-tapping method: a potentially useful technique. J Obstet Gynaecol Res; 2005 Jun;31(3):247-51
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  • We investigate a procedure to adjust the level of suspension of the mid-urethra using tension-free vaginal tape (TVT) under general anesthesia at the time of POP repair surgery.
  • Lastly, the MTM was used to decide the level of urethral suspension during the TVT procedure following POP repair surgery under general anesthesia (n = 11).
  • CONCLUSION: The MTM seems to be a more appropriate indicator by which to adjust the level of urethral suspension during the TVT procedure than the conventional method, particularly under general anesthesia.

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  • (PMID = 15916662.001).
  • [ISSN] 1341-8076
  • [Journal-full-title] The journal of obstetrics and gynaecology research
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Obstet. Gynaecol. Res.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Evaluation Studies; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Japan
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65. Chaux A, Reuter V, Lezcano C, Velazquez EF, Torres J, Cubilla AL: Comparison of morphologic features and outcome of resected recurrent and nonrecurrent squamous cell carcinoma of the penis: a study of 81 cases. Am J Surg Pathol; 2009 Sep;33(9):1299-306
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  • Local recurrence (defined as the presence of tumor after a primary treatment affecting any remainder tissue, including skin, erectile corpora, or urethra) present in up to 30% of the patients increases the risk of regional inguinal and pelvic lymph nodes metastases.
  • Follow-up (2 to 372 mo, mean of 71 mo) was obtained in all patients.
  • Comparison of recurrent tumors at the time of the primary diagnosis and of recurrence showed that histologic subtype and grade were identical in 76% of the cases and converted to a higher grade tumor in 24% of the cases, especially, in patients treated with local excisions and circumcisions.
  • Re-excision of the recurrent tumor permitted the control of the disease only in one-third of the patients.
  • [MeSH-major] Carcinoma, Squamous Cell / pathology. Neoplasm Recurrence, Local / pathology. Penile Neoplasms / pathology

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  • (PMID = 19471153.001).
  • [ISSN] 1532-0979
  • [Journal-full-title] The American journal of surgical pathology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Am. J. Surg. Pathol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Comparative Study; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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66. Richter LA, Hegde P, Taylor JA 3rd: Primary non-Hodgkin's B-cell lymphoma of the male urethra presenting as stricture disease. Urology; 2007 Nov;70(5):1008.e11-2
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  • [Title] Primary non-Hodgkin's B-cell lymphoma of the male urethra presenting as stricture disease.
  • Primary urethral lymphoma is exceedingly rare.
  • There are only three cases reported involving the male urethra, with one in an immunocompromised man.
  • We report a case of primary B-cell lymphoma presenting as complex urethral stricture disease.
  • [MeSH-major] Lymphoma, B-Cell / complications. Urethral Neoplasms / complications. Urethral Stricture / etiology

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  • (PMID = 18068472.001).
  • [ISSN] 1527-9995
  • [Journal-full-title] Urology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Urology
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Number-of-references] 9
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67. Greenstein A, Bar-Yosef Y, Chen J, Matzkin H: Does information provided to men before a urodynamic study affect their expectation of pain? BJU Int; 2005 Dec;96(9):1307-9
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  • UDS may cause discomfort and pain, mainly from the urethral instrumentation; the fear of pain related to UDS may affect the patients' behaviour and the information provided by them, and thus may alter the conclusions drawn from the study.
  • Of these patients, 15 had had previous instrumentation of the urethra (urethral catheterization, cystoscopy), and 14 had had a prostatectomy.
  • Use of an anaesthetic gel, and instrumentation of the urethra and anus by an experienced urologist, were emphasized.
  • In patients who had had previous instrumentation of the urethra, the EPS after the explanation was significantly higher, at 6.06 (P < 0.05).
  • CONCLUSIONS: The routine guidance provided to male patients undergoing UDS enhances their expectations of pain, especially in those who have had previous instrumentation of the urethra.

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  • (PMID = 16287450.001).
  • [ISSN] 1464-4096
  • [Journal-full-title] BJU international
  • [ISO-abbreviation] BJU Int.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Evaluation Studies; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] England
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68. Fasolis G, Degiuli P, Lancia M, Fasolo PP, Conti E, Sebastiani G, Lacquaniti S: Periprostatic tissues intraoperative frozen section during retrograde radical retropubic prostatectomy. Arch Ital Urol Androl; 2006 Sep;78(3):107-11
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  • MATERIAL AND METHODS: From January 1998 to June 2004, 259 consecutive patients underwent RRP at our department for clinically organ-confined prostate cancer; PTs IFSs were prospectively performed in all cases at membranous urethra after removal of prostatic apex, at whole neurovascular bundle (NVB) or at fibroadipose tissue subtended between prostatic capsule and NVB during extrafascial or nerve sparing (NS) RRP respectively, at middle portion of Denonvillier's fascia, at detrusor ring after removal of the prostate.


69. Herz D, Weiser A, Collette T, Reda E, Levitt S, Franco I: Dysfunctional elimination syndrome as an etiology of idiopathic urethritis in childhood. J Urol; 2005 Jun;173(6):2132-7
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  • All children presented with either gross blood per urethra or microhematuria.
  • Children with active infection, immunodeficiency, neurogenic bladder, vesicoureteral reflux, infravesical obstruction, urethral trauma or other genitourinary anomalies were excluded.

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  • (PMID = 15879866.001).
  • [ISSN] 0022-5347
  • [Journal-full-title] The Journal of urology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Urol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Comparative Study; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Adrenergic alpha-Antagonists; 0 / Analgesics; 0 / Anti-Bacterial Agents; 0 / Cathartics; 0 / Cholinergic Antagonists
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70. Ahmed I, Kureel SN, Chandra N: Reverse (posterior) cloaca with congenital rectal stenosis and pseudohermaphrodism: a rare entity with rare association. BMJ Case Rep; 2010;2010
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  • Reverse cloaca is a very rare variant of anorectal malformation in which urethra and vagina fused to form a urogenital sinus that diverts posteriorly and opens in the anterior rectal wall at the anus or immediately anterior to it.
  • We report a neonate with the rare clinical entity of reverse cloaca type C, pseudophallus with rudimentary urethra as a component of female pseudohermaphrodism and congenital rectal stenosis.
  • [MeSH-major] 46, XX Disorders of Sex Development / diagnosis. Cloaca / abnormalities. Colon, Sigmoid / abnormalities. Intestinal Obstruction / congenital. Rectum / abnormalities. Urethra / abnormalities
  • [MeSH-minor] Colostomy. Dilatation, Pathologic / diagnosis. Female. Humans. Infant, Newborn

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  • [Cites] J Pediatr Surg. 2006 Mar;41(3):576-9 [16516639.001]
  • [Cites] J Laparoendosc Adv Surg Tech A. 2010 Feb;20(1):107-9 [19432530.001]
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  • (PMID = 22797480.001).
  • [ISSN] 1757-790X
  • [Journal-full-title] BMJ case reports
  • [ISO-abbreviation] BMJ Case Rep
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC3027558
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71. Waldinger MD, Venema PL, van Gils AP, Schweitzer DH: New insights into restless genital syndrome: static mechanical hyperesthesia and neuropathy of the nervus dorsalis clitoridis. J Sex Med; 2009 Oct;6(10):2778-87
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  • METHODS: Twenty-three women, fulfilling all five criteria of persistent genital arousal disorder were included into the study.
  • RESULTS: Of 23 women included in the study, 18(78%), 16(69%), and 12(52%) reported restless legs syndrome, overactive bladder syndrome, and urethra hypersensitivity.


72. Ishizaki F, Hanyu S: [Inverted papilloma of the prostatic urethra: a report of two cases]. Hinyokika Kiyo; 2008 Feb;54(2):143-5
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  • [Title] [Inverted papilloma of the prostatic urethra: a report of two cases].
  • Two men with inverted papilloma of the prostatic urethra are reported.
  • Urethroscopy revealed a smooth-surface tumor with a stalk at the prostatic urethra.
  • [MeSH-major] Papilloma, Inverted. Urethral Neoplasms

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  • (PMID = 18323176.001).
  • [ISSN] 0018-1994
  • [Journal-full-title] Hinyokika kiyo. Acta urologica Japonica
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Hinyokika Kiyo
  • [Language] jpn
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; English Abstract; Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] Japan
  • [Number-of-references] 10
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73. Ahmad NA, Memon A, Hussainy A: Abdominoperineal excision of male lower urinary tract for synchronous adenocarcinoma of urethra and urinary bladder. Urology; 2005 Mar;65(3):591
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  • [Title] Abdominoperineal excision of male lower urinary tract for synchronous adenocarcinoma of urethra and urinary bladder.
  • Urethral adenocarcinoma is the least common histologic subtype of a rare primary carcinoma of the male urethra.
  • This report is of a 40-year-old morbidly obese man with synchronous adenocarcinoma of the bulbar urethra and bladder, treated surgically by en bloc abdominoperineal penoprostatocystectomy.
  • Synchronous occurrence of adenocarcinoma of the urethra and bladder has not been previously reported.
  • [MeSH-major] Adenocarcinoma / surgery. Neoplasms, Multiple Primary / surgery. Urethral Neoplasms / surgery. Urinary Bladder Neoplasms / surgery

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  • (PMID = 15780385.001).
  • [ISSN] 1527-9995
  • [Journal-full-title] Urology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Urology
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Number-of-references] 11
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74. Sokol ER, Urban R: Novel repair of tension-free midurethral sling erosion into the urethra. J Minim Invasive Gynecol; 2008 Nov-Dec;15(6):755-7
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  • [Title] Novel repair of tension-free midurethral sling erosion into the urethra.
  • Urethral erosions of synthetic sling tapes are much rarer, but can result in more significant sequelae such as voiding dysfunction or fistula formation.
  • A 50-year-old woman had an erosion of a synthetic, tension-free midurethral sling through the urethra.
  • She underwent resection of the sling with closure of the urethral defect.
  • The internal urethral sphincter was used during the primary repair to cover the defect because of periurethral scarring and fibrosis.
  • [MeSH-major] Fistula / prevention & control. Muscle Hypertonia / etiology. Suburethral Slings / adverse effects. Urethra / injuries. Urethra / surgery

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  • (PMID = 18971143.001).
  • [ISSN] 1553-4650
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of minimally invasive gynecology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Minim Invasive Gynecol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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75. Smith KC, Brown P, Parkinson TJ: Hypospadias in rams. Vet Rec; 2006 Jun 10;158(23):789-95
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  • Five of them had periscrotal openings of the urethra and in the other 11 the openings were in a perineal position, close to the anus.

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  • (PMID = 16766724.001).
  • [ISSN] 0042-4900
  • [Journal-full-title] The Veterinary record
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Vet. Rec.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] England
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76. Gupta L, Sharma S, Gupta DK: Is there a need to do routine sonological, urodynamic study and cystourethroscopic evaluation of patients with simple hypospadias? Pediatr Surg Int; 2010 Oct;26(10):971-6
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  • OBJECTIVES: To study the patients with hypospadias for urinary tract anomalies, bladder functions and the anatomical changes in the urethra, bladder and ureters.
  • Cystourethroscopy done in 60 revealed 34 abnormalities in 18 (30%) patients (single ureteric orifice in 1, dilatation of unilateral ureteric unilateral in 3 and bilateral in 2, ectopic ureteric orifice in 2, trabeculated bladder in 8, bladder diverticula in 2, prominent vertical ridges in posterior urethra in 2, annular posterior urethral valve in 1, posterior urethral diverticulum in 1, enlarged prostatic utriculus in 4, mucosal tag at verumontanum in 1, prominent cristae in 3, hypertrophied verumontanum in 3 and a small verumontanum in 1).
  • [MeSH-major] Cystoscopy / methods. Hypospadias / diagnosis. Preoperative Care / methods. Ureteroscopy / methods. Urethra / diagnostic imaging. Urodynamics / physiology

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  • [CommentIn] Pediatr Surg Int. 2010 Dec;26(12):1237-8 [20734052.001]
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  • (PMID = 20625749.001).
  • [ISSN] 1437-9813
  • [Journal-full-title] Pediatric surgery international
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Pediatr. Surg. Int.
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77. Dobrindt U: [Virulence factors of uropathogens]. Urologe A; 2010 May;49(5):598-605
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  • Flagella do not only allow ascension from the urethra to the bladder and even further to the kidneys, but can also function as adhesins and invasins.

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  • (PMID = 20411372.001).
  • [ISSN] 1433-0563
  • [Journal-full-title] Der Urologe. Ausg. A
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Urologe A
  • [Language] ger
  • [Publication-type] English Abstract; Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] Germany
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / O Antigens; 0 / Polysaccharides, Bacterial; 0 / Siderophores; 0 / Virulence Factors
  • [Number-of-references] 17
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78. Alinsod R: Recent advances in tape slings for female urinary stress incontinence. Rev Obstet Gynecol; 2009;2(1):46-50
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  • Sling therapy is the enhanced surgical support of the urethra.

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  • (PMID = 19399294.001).
  • [ISSN] 1941-2797
  • [Journal-full-title] Reviews in obstetrics & gynecology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Rev Obstet Gynecol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC2673002
  • [Keywords] NOTNLM ; Minisling / Retropubic sling / Subfascial or transobturator sling / Suburethral sling / Transvaginal tape / Urinary stress incontinence
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79. Abdel-Karim A, Frezzini C, Viggor S, Davidson LE, Thornhill MH, Yeoman CM: Dyskeratosis congenita: a case report. Oral Surg Oral Med Oral Pathol Oral Radiol Endod; 2009 Aug;108(2):e20-4
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  • White plaques may also affect, although less frequently, the mucosal surfaces of the urethra and vagina.
  • The details of the challenges encountered during diagnosis and treatment are further discussed.
  • [MeSH-major] Dyskeratosis Congenita / diagnosis. Nail Diseases / diagnosis. Oral Ulcer / diagnosis
  • [MeSH-minor] Anemia / complications. Child. Diagnosis, Differential. Humans. Immunologic Factors / therapeutic use. Lichen Planus / complications. Lichen Planus / diagnosis. Male. Thalidomide / therapeutic use. Tooth Abnormalities / complications. Tooth Abnormalities / diagnosis. Tooth Abnormalities / radiography. Tooth Root / abnormalities

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  • (PMID = 19615640.001).
  • [ISSN] 1528-395X
  • [Journal-full-title] Oral surgery, oral medicine, oral pathology, oral radiology, and endodontics
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Oral Surg Oral Med Oral Pathol Oral Radiol Endod
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Immunologic Factors; 4Z8R6ORS6L / Thalidomide
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80. Raj GV, Bochner BH: Radical cystectomy and lymphadenectomy for invasive bladder cancer: towards the evolution of an optimal surgical standard. Semin Oncol; 2007 Apr;34(2):110-21
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  • Recently, quality of life and functional considerations have led to surgical modifications such as nerve-, prostate-, vaginal wall-, and urethra-sparing approaches.
  • [MeSH-minor] Humans. Neoplasm Recurrence, Local. Neoplasm Staging. Pelvis. Survival Rate

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  • (PMID = 17382794.001).
  • [ISSN] 0093-7754
  • [Journal-full-title] Seminars in oncology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Semin. Oncol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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81. Haynes JM, Ventura S: Current models of human prostate contractility. Clin Exp Pharmacol Physiol; 2005 Oct;32(10):797-804
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  • With increasing age, most humans will develop benign prostatic hyperplasia, a condition of prostatic enlargement and contractility that leads to occlusion of the urethra.
  • 3. We hope that the present review will increase awareness of the suitability of the current models in developing our understanding of benign prostatic hyperplasia.

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  • (PMID = 16173939.001).
  • [ISSN] 0305-1870
  • [Journal-full-title] Clinical and experimental pharmacology & physiology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Clin. Exp. Pharmacol. Physiol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] Australia
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Receptors, Cell Surface
  • [Number-of-references] 113
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82. Acharya H, Mane SB, Dhende NP, Obeidah A: Use of the processes vaginalis: A new technique for reinforcing the neourethra in hypospadias associated with undescended testis. Indian J Urol; 2009 Jul;25(3):329-31
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  • This is the first report concerning the use of processes vaginalis to reinforce the urethra.

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  • (PMID = 19881125.001).
  • [ISSN] 1998-3824
  • [Journal-full-title] Indian journal of urology : IJU : journal of the Urological Society of India
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Indian J Urol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] India
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC2779954
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83. Ramchandani P, Buckler PM: Imaging of genitourinary trauma. AJR Am J Roentgenol; 2009 Jun;192(6):1514-23
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  • Cystography and urethrography remain useful techniques in the initial evaluation and follow-up of trauma to the urinary bladder and urethra.

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  • (PMID = 19457813.001).
  • [ISSN] 1546-3141
  • [Journal-full-title] AJR. American journal of roentgenology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] AJR Am J Roentgenol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Number-of-references] 73
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84. Sakakibara R, Uchiyama T, Tamura N, Kuwabara S, Asahina M, Hattori T: Urinary retention and sympathetic sphincter obstruction in axonal Guillain-Barré syndrome. Muscle Nerve; 2007 Jan;35(1):111-5
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  • We started the patient on an alpha-adrenergic antagonist, urapidil, at 30 mg/day, and this led to successful relaxation of the urethra and reduced the postvoid residual from 200 ml to less than 30 ml.


85. Yang Y, Xu Y, Song Y, Xu AX, Wang XX, Hong BF: [Usage of acellular dermal matrix allograft in surgical treatment of vesico-vaginal fistula and anterior urethral stricture: report of 9 cases]. Zhonghua Yi Xue Za Zhi; 2007 Jun 26;87(24):1693-4
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  • [Title] [Usage of acellular dermal matrix allograft in surgical treatment of vesico-vaginal fistula and anterior urethral stricture: report of 9 cases].
  • OBJECTIVE: To assess the value of acellular dermal matrix allograft (ADMA) in surgical treatment of vesico-vaginal fistula (VVF) and anterior urethral stricture.
  • METHODS: Four patients suffering from vesico-vaginal fistula and 5 cases with long anterior urethral stricture received surgical treatment in which ADMA were applied.
  • In the patients with anterior urethral stricture the ADMA was sutured to substitute the urethra after resection of the stenosis segment.
  • Satisfactory voiding was achieved immediately after removing the catheter in 3 of the 5 cases of urethral stricture, although 2 of the 5 needed urethral sounding for about 2 months.
  • Urethrography revealed excellent caliber of the reconstructed urethra.
  • CONCLUSION: In plastic surgery of lower urinary tract such as for VVF and urethra stricture, the ADMA may serve as an ideal replacement material for autologous tissue.
  • [MeSH-major] Dermis / transplantation. Skin Transplantation / methods. Urethral Stricture / surgery. Vesicovaginal Fistula / surgery

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  • (PMID = 17825151.001).
  • [ISSN] 0376-2491
  • [Journal-full-title] Zhonghua yi xue za zhi
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Zhonghua Yi Xue Za Zhi
  • [Language] chi
  • [Publication-type] English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] China
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86. Zugor V, Schreiber M, Labanaris AP, Weissmüller J, Wullich B, Schott GE: [Urethral duplication: long-term results for a rare urethral anomaly]. Urologe A; 2008 Dec;47(12):1603-6
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  • [Title] [Urethral duplication: long-term results for a rare urethral anomaly].
  • INTRODUCTION: Urethral duplication is a rare anomaly that can occur in various forms.
  • Urethral duplication must be diagnosed and adequately treated.
  • PATIENTS AND METHODS: The aim of this study was to retrospectively analyze patients with congenital urethral duplication: age at the time of diagnosis, type of urethral duplication, diagnostic and therapeutic measures as well as clinical aftercare were evaluated.
  • We found a double urethra with epispadias in four boys and with hypospadias in three boys and urethral duplication with perineal/anal meatus in one patient and normotopia in another patient.
  • In two children without symptoms, the urethral duplication was an incidental finding during diagnostic work-up for other anomalies.
  • Seven children had additional urological anomalies: one fusiform megalourethra, three urethral valves with hypospadias, and two epispadias.
  • An open operation joining the urethras was performed in three children, and four boys underwent endoscopic treatment of the urethral duplication.
  • The functional result is of foremost importance for the urethra that requires reconstruction, but the cosmetic aspect should be respected to the same extent.
  • [MeSH-major] Abnormalities, Multiple / diagnosis. Urethra / abnormalities. Urethral Obstruction / congenital. Urination Disorders / congenital
  • [MeSH-minor] Child. Child, Preschool. Diagnosis, Differential. Follow-Up Studies. Humans. Infant. Male. Reoperation. Retrospective Studies

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  • [Cites] Urologe A. 2004 Apr;43(4):394-401 [15014882.001]
  • [Cites] Urology. 1978 Dec;12(6):704-6 [741552.001]
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  • (PMID = 18806990.001).
  • [ISSN] 0340-2592
  • [Journal-full-title] Der Urologe. Ausg. A
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Urologe A
  • [Language] ger
  • [Publication-type] English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Germany
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87. Klarskov N, Lose G: Urethral pressure reflectometry vs urethral pressure profilometry in women: a comparative study of reproducibility and accuracy. BJU Int; 2007 Aug;100(2):351-6
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  • [Title] Urethral pressure reflectometry vs urethral pressure profilometry in women: a comparative study of reproducibility and accuracy.
  • OBJECTIVE: To compare urethral pressure reflectometry (UPR), a new and simple technique for simultaneous measurements of cross-sectional area (CA) and pressure in the female urethra, with urethral pressure profilometry (UPP).
  • PATIENTS, SUBJECTS AND METHODS: The study included 143 women (105 patients and 38 healthy volunteers); the UPR was measured using a very thin polyurethane bag in the urethra; a pump applied pre-selected pressures stepwise to the bag and for each step the CA was measured by acoustic reflectometry.
  • [MeSH-major] Urethra / physiology. Urinary Bladder, Overactive / physiopathology. Urinary Incontinence / physiopathology. Urodynamics / physiology

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  • (PMID = 17501964.001).
  • [ISSN] 1464-4096
  • [Journal-full-title] BJU international
  • [ISO-abbreviation] BJU Int.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Comparative Study; Evaluation Studies; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] England
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88. Fritsch H, Pinggera GM, Lienemann A, Mitterberger M, Bartsch G, Strasser H: What are the supportive structures of the female urethra? Neurourol Urodyn; 2006;25(2):128-34
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  • [Title] What are the supportive structures of the female urethra?
  • AIMS: Female stress urinary incontinence is thought to result from impairment of the connective tissue "ligaments" of the urethra.
  • Surgical repair of female incontinence mainly involves fixation of the urethra to the pubic bone or other surrounding structures.
  • In the present anatomical-radiological study, the anatomy of the connective tissue structures around the female urethra was investigated to determine the anatomical structures that support the urethra and the rhabdosphincter.
  • RESULTS: The ventro-lateral aspect of the urethra remains free of fixating ligaments throughout its pelvic course.
  • Ventro-laterally the urethra is enclosed by the ventral parts of the levator ani, its fasciae and a ventral urethral connective tissue bridge connecting both sides.
  • Dorsally, the urethra is intimately connected to the wall of the vagina.
  • CONCLUSIONS: The female urethra has no direct ligamentous fixation to the pubic bone.
  • Urethral continence after pregnancy and childbirth may be explained by a widening of the hiatus of the levator ani or the anterior vaginal wall, resulting in overstretching of the ventral urethral connective tissue bridge or the disruption of the fixation between urethra and vagina.
  • [MeSH-major] Connective Tissue / chemistry. Urethra / anatomy & histology

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  • [Copyright] (c) 2005 Wiley-Liss, Inc.
  • (PMID = 16353239.001).
  • [ISSN] 0733-2467
  • [Journal-full-title] Neurourology and urodynamics
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Neurourol. Urodyn.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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89. Lerner SP, Colen J, Shen S: Prostatic biology, histologic patterns and clinical consequences of transitional cell carcinoma. Curr Opin Urol; 2008 Sep;18(5):508-12
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  • Transurethral resection biopsies of the prostatic urethra are a sensitive means of detecting prostatic TCC and whole-mount step sectioning is the most accurate method for determining the presence and extent of prostatic TCC.
  • Prostatic TCC may affect prognosis independent of the primary bladder tumor stage.
  • Preoperative detection of prostatic TCC enables accurate staging and treatment planning, including assessment of the risk of cancer at the apical urethral margin and the risk of a second primary tumor of the retained urethra, all of which factor into decision-making around urinary diversion and urethrectomy.
  • In patients with recurrent high-grade nonmuscle invasive cancer and patients undergoing radical cystoprostatectomy, a thorough assessment of the prostatic urethra and stroma is imperative for accurate staging and treatment planning.
  • [MeSH-minor] Cystectomy. Humans. Male. Urethra / pathology. Urethra / surgery. Urethral Neoplasms / secondary. Urethral Neoplasms / surgery


90. Ruoppolo M, Gozo M, Milesi R, Spina R, Fragapane G: [Urethral recurrence of invasive carcinoma following BCG treatment for bladder Ca in situ]. Urologia; 2010 Oct-Dec;77 Suppl 17:72-7
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  • [Title] [Urethral recurrence of invasive carcinoma following BCG treatment for bladder Ca in situ].
  • CIS is classified as primary, secondary or concurrent, when occurred as isolated CIS without cuncurrent papillary tumors, or detected during the follow-up of patients with a previous papillary tumor, or finally in the presence of bladder neoplasm.
  • Discovery of CIS in the prostatic or membranous urethra represents an ominous sign.
  • CIS may be present only in the epithelial lining of the prostatic urethra or in the ducts, or in the worst case it may be found in the prostatic tissue stroma.
  • Urethral involvement by CIS is at high risk of tumor progression and development of metastases due to reduced thickness of lamina propria and absence of muscolaris mucosa.
  • 83 patients, enrolled from 1/1996 to 12/2005 at our urological department with CIS: primary (focal and multifocal) in 25, secondary in 7 and cuncurrent in 51 (associated with T1bG3 cancer in 37 cases), and urethral CIS in 5 and conservatively treated by TUR and intravescical instillations of BCG, 4 developed afterwords only invasive cancer of the urethra in the absence of bladder involvement.
  • In 2 cases cancer arised from the prostatic fossa after TURP, in 1 from membranous urethra and in the last from prostatic ducts.
  • We conclude that prostatic/urethral involvement during follow-up after successful intravesical treatment with BCG in CIS represents a high risk of developing invasive and incontrolled cancer.
  • [MeSH-major] BCG Vaccine / therapeutic use. Carcinoma in Situ / therapy. Carcinoma, Transitional Cell / secondary. Urethral Neoplasms / secondary. Urinary Bladder Neoplasms / therapy
  • [MeSH-minor] Aged. Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols / therapeutic use. Chemotherapy, Adjuvant. Combined Modality Therapy. Cystectomy / methods. Disease Progression. Female. Follow-Up Studies. Humans. Immunotherapy. Male. Neoplasm Invasiveness. Organoplatinum Compounds / administration & dosage. Prostatectomy / methods. Prostatic Neoplasms / secondary. Risk. Treatment Outcome. Urethra / surgery

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  • (PMID = 21308679.001).
  • [ISSN] 1724-6075
  • [Journal-full-title] Urologia
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Urologia
  • [Language] ita
  • [Publication-type] English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / BCG Vaccine; 0 / Organoplatinum Compounds
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91. Goto K, Orisaka S, Kurokawa T, Miyazaki M, Kotsuji F: Leiomyoma of the female urethra: urodynamic changes after surgical intervention. Int Urogynecol J Pelvic Floor Dysfunct; 2005 Mar-Apr;16(2):162-4
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  • [Title] Leiomyoma of the female urethra: urodynamic changes after surgical intervention.
  • Leiomyoma of the urethra is a relatively rare condition often presenting as an anterior vaginal wall mass or a mass that protrudes from the urethral meatus.
  • Urodynamic studies before the operation revealed a high detrusor pressure, low maximum flow rate with an elevated post-void residual urine on voluntary voiding, and high resting urethral resistance.
  • [MeSH-major] Leiomyoma / complications. Leiomyoma / surgery. Urethral Neoplasms / complications. Urethral Neoplasms / surgery. Urinary Retention / etiology. Urodynamics / physiology

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  • [Cites] J Urol. 1981 May;125(5):742-3 [7230354.001]
  • [Cites] Br J Urol. 1983 Apr;55(2):239 [6839103.001]
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  • (PMID = 15365598.001).
  • [Journal-full-title] International urogynecology journal and pelvic floor dysfunction
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Int Urogynecol J Pelvic Floor Dysfunct
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] England
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92. Cunha JA, Hsu IC, Pouliot J: Dosimetric equivalence of nonstandard HDR brachytherapy catheter patterns. Med Phys; 2009 Jan;36(1):233-9
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  • Irrelevant of catheter geometry, a plan must fulfill the RTOG-0321 dose criteria for target dose coverage (V100(Prostate) > 90%) and organ-at-risk dose sparing (V75(Bladder) < 1 cc, V75(Rectum) < 1 cc, V125(Urethra) << 1cc).

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  • (PMID = 19235391.001).
  • [ISSN] 0094-2405
  • [Journal-full-title] Medical physics
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Med Phys
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] United States
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93. Stanford EJ, Paraiso MF: A comprehensive review of suburethral sling procedure complications. J Minim Invasive Gynecol; 2008 Mar-Apr;15(2):132-45
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  • Sling-related complications are multiple but can be summarized from studies on 13737 cumulative patients as involving: voiding dysfunction (8 studies, 881 patients, 16.3% average overall incidence [OI]); detrusor overactivity (20 studies, 1950 patients, 15.4% OI); urinary retention (14 studies, 943 patients, 14.2% OI); erosion/extrusion (19 studies, 2197 patients, 6.03% OI); impact on quality of life-dyspareunia (2 studies, 175 patients, 4.3% OI); infections-most often urinary tract infections but severe infections such as abscess are reported (19 studies, 1487 patients, 5.5% OI); hematoma-most often pelvic or vaginal (4 studies, 3691 patients, 2% OI); pain (6 studies, 597 patients, 7.3% OI); abdominal and pelvic organ injury-bladder, urethra, vagina, and intestines (10 studies, 1816 patients, 3.3% OI); systemic complications-deep vein thrombosis, sepsis (case reports); and death (case reports).
  • [MeSH-minor] Hematoma / epidemiology. Humans. Postoperative Complications / epidemiology. Prosthesis Design. Quality of Life. Recurrence. Urethra / injuries. Urinary Bladder / injuries. Urinary Catheterization. Urinary Incontinence / epidemiology. Urinary Retention / epidemiology

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  • (PMID = 18312981.001).
  • [ISSN] 1553-4650
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of minimally invasive gynecology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Minim Invasive Gynecol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Number-of-references] 179
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94. Moreno Sierra J, Victor Romano S, Galante Romo I, Barrera Ortega J, Salinas Casado J, Silmi Moyano A: [New male sling "Argus" for the treatment of stress urinary incontinence]. Arch Esp Urol; 2006 Jul-Aug;59(6):607-13
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  • [Transliterated title] Nuevo sling masculino "Argus" para el tratamiento de la incontinencia urinaria de esfuerzo.
  • This kind of surgery may have undesirable effects on the quality of life and patients' expectations, although we should bear in mind that the primary objective in patients with prostate adenocarcinoma is to cure cancer and for patients with obstructive lower urinary tract symptoms to improve their voiding quality Over the last decade, surgical procedures to compress the bulbar urethra with slings have been employed successfully in the treatment of male stress urinary incontinence, being considered highly effective in the treatment of post-prostatectomy incontinence in the long-term by groups with large experience.

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  • (PMID = 16933489.001).
  • [ISSN] 0004-0614
  • [Journal-full-title] Archivos españoles de urología
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Arch. Esp. Urol.
  • [Language] spa
  • [Publication-type] English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Spain
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95. McVary K: Lower urinary tract symptoms and sexual dysfunction: epidemiology and pathophysiology. BJU Int; 2006 Apr;97 Suppl 2:23-8; discussion 44-5
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  • Four pathophysiological mechanisms currently support the relationship between LUTS and erectile dysfunction (ED): (i) The nitric oxide synthase (NOS)/NO theory; there is a reduction in NOS-containing nerves in the prostate and bladder/urethra in patients with bladder outlet obstruction (BOO), and that lack of NO or loss of protein kinase G causes ED;.
  • (ii) The autonomic hyperactivity and metabolic syndrome hypothesis: benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) may be part of the metabolic syndrome, which includes cardiovascular diseases (e.g. hypertension, ischaemic heart disease) and diabetes mellitus, known risk factors for ED.

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  • (PMID = 16507050.001).
  • [ISSN] 1464-4096
  • [Journal-full-title] BJU international
  • [ISO-abbreviation] BJU Int.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't; Review
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Endothelins; 31C4KY9ESH / Nitric Oxide; EC 3.6.5.2 / rho GTP-Binding Proteins
  • [Number-of-references] 46
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96. Samuel MI, Taylor C: An unusual and unsettling place for a worm. Int J STD AIDS; 2010 Jul;21(7):524-5
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  • A 56-year-old man presented complaining of urinary frequency, passing urine eight times per day, urethral irritation and dysuria.
  • Three months later he presented, again complaining of increased urinary frequency and urethral irritation.
  • Urogenital myiasis may arise from hatching of larvae near the urethral opening and ascending migration along the urethra with consequent urethritis.
  • [MeSH-major] Myiasis / diagnosis. Myiasis / parasitology. Psychodidae. Urethritis / parasitology

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  • (PMID = 20852207.001).
  • [ISSN] 1758-1052
  • [Journal-full-title] International journal of STD & AIDS
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Int J STD AIDS
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Antiparasitic Agents; 70288-86-7 / Ivermectin
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97. Pavelka T, Houcek P, Hora M, Hlavácová J, Linhart M: [Urogenital trauma associated with pelvic ring fractures]. Acta Chir Orthop Traumatol Cech; 2010 Feb;77(1):18-23
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  • Injury to the urethra was found in 23 (7.5%) and urinary bladder trauma in 18 (6%) patients, vaginal injury was in four women (1%), and penis injury in three (1%) and lacerated testicles in two men (1%).
  • Out of the 23 patients with urethral trauma, only six (26 %) were free from functional and subjective complaints; eight (35 %) continued to receive therapy for urethral stenosis seven (30 %) reported urinary incontinence, and seven men (30 %) had erection problems.
  • Injury to the male urethra is the most frequent urogenital trauma because of the male anatomy.
  • It occurs most often in unstable C type fractures when the pelvic ring is disrupted with bone displacement due to shear force at the site of urethra attachment.
  • CONCLUSIONS: Injury to the urethra results in erectile dysfunction in 50 % of the injured patients it is often associated with urinary incontinence that has a strong effect on the patient's life quality.

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  • (PMID = 20214856.001).
  • [ISSN] 0001-5415
  • [Journal-full-title] Acta chirurgiae orthopaedicae et traumatologiae Cechoslovaca
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Acta Chir Orthop Traumatol Cech
  • [Language] cze
  • [Publication-type] English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Czech Republic
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98. Kerr LA: Bulking agents in the treatment of stress urinary incontinence: history, outcomes, patient populations, and reimbursement profile. Rev Urol; 2005;7 Suppl 1:S3-S11
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  • Bulking agents used in the urethra are one of the newer but established technologies for the treatment of SUI.


99. Sergeant GP, Bradley E, Thornbury KD, McHale NG, Hollywood MA: Role of mitochondria in modulation of spontaneous Ca2+ waves in freshly dispersed interstitial cells of Cajal from the rabbit urethra. J Physiol; 2008 Oct 1;586(19):4631-42
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  • [Title] Role of mitochondria in modulation of spontaneous Ca2+ waves in freshly dispersed interstitial cells of Cajal from the rabbit urethra.
  • Interstitial cells of Cajal (ICC) isolated from the rabbit urethra exhibit pacemaker activity that results from spontaneous Ca(2+) waves.
  • These data suggest that spontaneous Ca(2+) waves in urethral ICC are regulated by buffering of cytoplasmic Ca(2+) by mitochondria.

  • Hazardous Substances Data Bank. KAEMPFEROL .
  • Hazardous Substances Data Bank. CAFFEINE .
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  • (PMID = 18703577.001).
  • [ISSN] 1469-7793
  • [Journal-full-title] The Journal of physiology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Physiol. (Lond.)
  • [Language] ENG
  • [Grant] United States / NIDDK NIH HHS / DK / R01 DK068565; United States / NIDDK NIH HHS / DK / R01 DK68565
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Central Nervous System Stimulants; 0 / Kaempferols; 03L9OT429T / Rotenone; 370-86-5 / Carbonyl Cyanide p-Trifluoromethoxyphenylhydrazone; 3G6A5W338E / Caffeine; 555-60-2 / Carbonyl Cyanide m-Chlorophenyl Hydrazone; 642-15-9 / Antimycin A; 731P2LE49E / kaempferol; EC 1.10.2.2 / Electron Transport Complex III; EC 1.6.5.3 / Electron Transport Complex I; SY7Q814VUP / Calcium
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC2614037
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100. Watanabe T, Abe Y, Sato S, Uehara Y, Ikeno K, Abe T: Sterile pyuria in patients with Kawasaki disease originates from both the urethra and the kidney. Pediatr Nephrol; 2007 Jul;22(7):987-91
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Sterile pyuria in patients with Kawasaki disease originates from both the urethra and the kidney.
  • Patients were divided into three groups: patients without pyuria, patients with pyuria in both voided urine and bladder urine obtained by transurethral catheterization (bladder pyuria) and patients with pyuria only in voided urine (urethral pyuria).
  • Urinary protein levels were higher in patients with bladder pyuria and in patients with urethral pyuria than in patients without pyuria.
  • Urinary beta2-microglobulin concentrations and serum blood urea nitrogen (BUN) and creatinine levels were higher in patients with bladder pyuria than in patients with urethral pyuria or in patients without pyuria, although the serum BUN and creatinine levels of patients with bladder pyuria were within the normal ranges.
  • These results suggest that some patients with KD develop sterile pyuria that originates from the urethra and/or the kidney as a result of mild and subclinical renal injury.

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  • (PMID = 17323086.001).
  • [ISSN] 0931-041X
  • [Journal-full-title] Pediatric nephrology (Berlin, Germany)
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Pediatr. Nephrol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Comparative Study; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Germany
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / beta 2-Microglobulin; AYI8EX34EU / Creatinine
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