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1. Miles-Thomas J, Kohanim S, Gearhart JP, Wright EJ: Simultaneous repair of sigmoid colon conduit fistula and neovagina construction in a patient with bladder exstrophy. Urology; 2008 Feb;71(2):351.e1-2
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  • Recurrent urogynecologic complications in women with bladder exstrophy are common and complex given the congenital abnormalities of the bony, connective tissue, and muscular support of the pelvic floor, as well as the length and axis of the vagina.
  • We present the case of a distinct, individualized surgical approach to management of several complicated urogynecologic issues in a woman with bladder exstrophy who desired surgical correction of a non-healing fistula, pelvic organ prolapse, and a short vagina.
  • [MeSH-major] Abnormalities, Multiple / surgery. Bladder Exstrophy / complications. Bladder Exstrophy / surgery. Intestinal Fistula / complications. Intestinal Fistula / surgery. Sigmoid Diseases / complications. Sigmoid Diseases / surgery. Vagina / abnormalities. Vagina / surgery

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  • (PMID = 18308118.001).
  • [ISSN] 1527-9995
  • [Journal-full-title] Urology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Urology
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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2. Fait T: [Vaginal combined contraception NuvaRing in the clinical practice in the Czech Republic]. Ceska Gynekol; 2009 Aug;74(4):286-91
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  • [Title] [Vaginal combined contraception NuvaRing in the clinical practice in the Czech Republic].
  • OBJECTIVE: The aim of this non-interventional, non-comparative, prospective, multicentric study was to evaluate use of vaginal combined contraception NuvaRing in the clinical practice in the Czech Republic.
  • No feeling or only exceptional feeling the of the ring in the vagina was reported in 87% of women and in 77.9% of their sexual partners during the last 3 cycles.
  • The main reasons why women dislike the ring were feeling of the ring in the vagina in 2.9%, disturbing of sexual intercourse in 2.4% and irregular bleeding in 2%. (90% answered, that they like NuvaRing.
  • ) CONCLUSIONS: After six months of use 89% of women was satisfied or highly satisfied with the vaginal ring and 91% of the users was decided to recommend this contraception method to other women.

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  • (PMID = 20564984.001).
  • [ISSN] 1210-7832
  • [Journal-full-title] Ceska gynekologie
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Ceska Gynekol
  • [Language] CZE
  • [Publication-type] English Abstract; Journal Article; Multicenter Study
  • [Publication-country] Czech Republic
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Drug Combinations; 0 / NuvaRing; 423D2T571U / Ethinyl Estradiol; 81K9V7M3A3 / Desogestrel
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3. Lu W, Kuroiwa T, Zabuli J, Tanaka T, Kamomae H: Ultrasonographic uterine changes and vaginal discharges following intrauterine infusion of liquid paraffin in cows. J Reprod Dev; 2009 Feb;55(1):63-8
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  • [Title] Ultrasonographic uterine changes and vaginal discharges following intrauterine infusion of liquid paraffin in cows.
  • The mean volumes of recovered discharges from the vagina within 6 h after infusion were significantly greater (P<0.05) in the LP group than in the PS group (33.0 +/- 9.9 vs.14.0 +/- 13.9 ml).
  • These results suggest that the appearance and disappearance of intrauterine anechoic and echoic images reflect the appearance and disappearance of the characteristics of the recovered LP/PS-like liquid and yellowish-white and transparent discharges from the vagina.
  • [MeSH-major] Cattle. Mineral Oil / administration & dosage. Uterus / ultrasonography. Vaginal Discharge / chemically induced
  • [MeSH-minor] Administration, Intravaginal. Animals. Estrous Cycle / drug effects. Estrous Cycle / physiology. Female. Hysteroscopy / methods. Ovulation / drug effects. Ovulation / physiology. Sodium Chloride / administration & dosage. Sodium Chloride / pharmacology. Vaginal Douching / methods. Vaginal Douching / veterinary

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  • (PMID = 18957825.001).
  • [ISSN] 0916-8818
  • [Journal-full-title] The Journal of reproduction and development
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Reprod. Dev.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Controlled Clinical Trial; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Japan
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 451W47IQ8X / Sodium Chloride; 8020-83-5 / Mineral Oil
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4. Tsutsumi N, Yoshida Y, Maehara Y, Kohnoe S: Rectovaginal fistula following double-stapling anastomosis in low anterior resection for rectal cancer. Hepatogastroenterology; 2007 Sep;54(78):1682-3
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  • Flatus and feces through the vagina were present, but the fistula was too small to be elucidated by gastrografin enema.
  • [MeSH-major] Anastomosis, Surgical / methods. Rectal Neoplasms / surgery. Rectovaginal Fistula / diagnosis. Rectovaginal Fistula / pathology. Rectovaginal Fistula / surgery. Surgical Stapling
  • [MeSH-minor] Colon, Sigmoid / pathology. Digestive System Surgical Procedures. Female. Humans. Middle Aged. Postoperative Complications. Rectum / pathology. Time Factors. Treatment Outcome. Vagina / surgery

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  • (PMID = 18019694.001).
  • [ISSN] 0172-6390
  • [Journal-full-title] Hepato-gastroenterology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Hepatogastroenterology
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Greece
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5. Petrillo A, Catalano O, Delrio P, Avallone A, Guida C, Filice S, Siani A: Post-treatment fistulas in patients with rectal cancer: MRI with rectal superparamagnetic contrast agent. Abdom Imaging; 2007 May-Jun;32(3):328-31
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  • We routinely employ a superparamagnetic iron oxide (SPIO) contrast enema to distend the rectal lumen and achieve maximal tumor-to-lumen contrast gradient.
  • Contrast agent-related low intensity signal could be seen filling the tract and eventually opacifying surrounding organs (i.e., vagina) or collections (i.e., presacral abscess).
  • [MeSH-major] Contrast Media. Fistula / diagnosis. Iron. Magnetic Resonance Imaging. Oxides. Pelvis. Postoperative Complications. Rectal Neoplasms / therapy. Siloxanes


6. Zaid SS, Sulaiman SA, Sirajudeen KN, Othman NH: The effects of Tualang honey on female reproductive organs, tibia bone and hormonal profile in ovariectomised rats--animal model for menopause. BMC Complement Altern Med; 2010;10:82
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  • The reproductive organs (uterus and vagina), tibia bone and aorta were taken for histopathological examination while serum for hormonal assays.
  • RESULTS: Administration of Tualang honey for 2 weeks to ovariectomised rats significantly increased the weight of the uterus and the thickness of vaginal epithelium, restored the morphology of the tibia bones and reduced the body weight compared to rats in the ovariectomised group.
  • [MeSH-major] Body Weight / drug effects. Bone Density / drug effects. Honey. Hormones / blood. Menopause / drug effects. Uterus / drug effects. Vagina / drug effects

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  • (PMID = 21194469.001).
  • [ISSN] 1472-6882
  • [Journal-full-title] BMC complementary and alternative medicine
  • [ISO-abbreviation] BMC Complement Altern Med
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Hormones; 3XMK78S47O / Testosterone; 4G7DS2Q64Y / Progesterone; 4TI98Z838E / Estradiol
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC3022897
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7. Houghton O, McCluggage WG: The expression and diagnostic utility of p63 in the female genital tract. Adv Anat Pathol; 2009 Sep;16(5):316-21
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  • In the female genital tract, p63 is expressed in the basal and parabasal cells of mature cervical, vaginal and vulval squamous epithelium, and also in cervical reserve cells at the transformation zone and in immature metaplastic and atrophic cervical squamous epithelium.
  • There is increased expression in cervical intraepithelial neoplasia, in accordance with the degree of dysplasia.
  • Placental site nodule and epithelioid trophoblastic tumor (lesions derived from chorionic-type intermediate trophoblast) are usually p63 positive whereas placental site reaction and placental site trophoblastic tumor (lesions derived from implantation site intermediate trophoblast) are usually negative; thus, p63 may be useful in the diagnostic algorithm of trophoblastic lesions. p63 positivity in ovarian epithelial tumors is uncommon and largely restricted to squamous and transitional neoplasms, including benign and borderline Brenner tumor. p63 is also positive in cervical transitional metaplasia, Walthard rests, vulval Paget disease secondary to an underlying urothelial malignancy, tubulosquamous polyp of the vagina, and ectopic prostatic tissue in the cervix.
  • [MeSH-major] Biomarkers, Tumor / metabolism. Carcinoma / metabolism. Cervical Intraepithelial Neoplasia / diagnosis. Genital Neoplasms, Female / diagnosis. Hyperplasia / metabolism. Membrane Proteins / metabolism. Trophoblastic Tumor, Placental Site / metabolism
  • [MeSH-minor] Cell Nucleus / metabolism. Diagnosis, Differential. Female. Genitalia, Female / metabolism. Humans. Metaplasia / diagnosis. Metaplasia / metabolism. Pregnancy

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  • (PMID = 19700941.001).
  • [ISSN] 1533-4031
  • [Journal-full-title] Advances in anatomic pathology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Adv Anat Pathol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Biomarkers, Tumor; 0 / CKAP4 protein, human; 0 / Membrane Proteins
  • [Number-of-references] 31
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8. Fritel X, Varnoux N, Zins M, Breart G, Ringa V: Symptomatic pelvic organ prolapse at midlife, quality of life, and risk factors. Obstet Gynecol; 2009 Mar;113(3):609-16
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  • Symptomatic POP was defined by feeling a bulge from the vagina (sometimes, often, or all the time compared with never or rarely).
  • Factors significantly associated with past or present symptomatic POP were high body mass index and the number of vaginal deliveries.
  • CONCLUSION: In our population of women in their 50s, POP symptoms are associated with impaired quality of life, and the number of vaginal deliveries is a risk factor for past or present symptomatic POP.

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  • (PMID = 19300324.001).
  • [ISSN] 0029-7844
  • [Journal-full-title] Obstetrics and gynecology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Obstet Gynecol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ HALMS390680; NLM/ PMC2850374
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9. Zyczynski HM, Lloyd LK, Kenton K, Menefee S, Boreham M, Stoddard AM, Urinary Incontinence Treatment Network (UITN): Correlation of Q-tip values and point Aa in stress-incontinent women. Obstet Gynecol; 2007 Jul;110(1):39-43
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  • Point Aa is 3 cm deep to the urethral meatus in the midline of the anterior vagina and corresponds to the urethrovesical crease.
  • Age and prior anterior vaginal or incontinence surgery had no significant effect on the correlation (P=.08 and P=.64, respectively).

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  • (PMID = 17601894.001).
  • [ISSN] 0029-7844
  • [Journal-full-title] Obstetrics and gynecology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Obstet Gynecol
  • [Language] ENG
  • [Grant] United States / NIDDK NIH HHS / DK / U01 DK60401; United States / NIDDK NIH HHS / DK / U01 DK58234; United States / NIDDK NIH HHS / DK / U01 DK60379; United States / NIDDK NIH HHS / DK / U01 DK60380; United States / NIDDK NIH HHS / DK / U01 DK60395; United States / NIDDK NIH HHS / DK / U01 DK58225; United States / NIDDK NIH HHS / DK / U01 DK58229; United States / NIDDK NIH HHS / DK / U01 DK60397; United States / NIDDK NIH HHS / DK / U01 DK58231; United States / NIDDK NIH HHS / DK / U01 DK058225
  • [Publication-type] Comparative Study; Evaluation Studies; Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural
  • [Publication-country] United States
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10. Sami N, Ali TS: Health seeking behavior of couples with secondary infertility. J Coll Physicians Surg Pak; 2006 Apr;16(4):261-4
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  • Women with corrective surgery on vagina and uterus, and cases of primary infertility, were excluded.
  • [MeSH-major] Health Behavior. Infertility, Female / diagnosis. Infertility, Female / therapy. Reproductive Techniques

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  • (PMID = 16624188.001).
  • [ISSN] 1022-386X
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of the College of Physicians and Surgeons--Pakistan : JCPSP
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Coll Physicians Surg Pak
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Comparative Study; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] Pakistan
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11. Grazeliene G, Zalgeviciene V, Didziapetriene J, Zukiene J, Sukackaite A, Legenis V, Rotomskis R: [Accumulation of photosensitizer in rat embryos (a spectroscopic study)]. Medicina (Kaunas); 2006;42(2):142-6
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  • Vaginal smears were collected from each female rat next morning and were examined by microscope in order to determine the presence of sperm.
  • The day when sperm was detected in the vagina was considered to be pregnancy day 0.

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  • (PMID = 16528131.001).
  • [ISSN] 1648-9144
  • [Journal-full-title] Medicina (Kaunas, Lithuania)
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Medicina (Kaunas)
  • [Language] lit
  • [Publication-type] Comparative Study; English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Lithuania
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Photosensitizing Agents; 97067-70-4 / Dihematoporphyrin Ether
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12. Xie J, Foxman B, Zhang L, Marrs CF: Molecular epidemiologic identification of Escherichia coli genes that are potentially involved in movement of the organism from the intestinal tract to the vagina and bladder. J Clin Microbiol; 2006 Jul;44(7):2434-41
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  • [Title] Molecular epidemiologic identification of Escherichia coli genes that are potentially involved in movement of the organism from the intestinal tract to the vagina and bladder.
  • A representative UTI isolate present in the rectum, vagina, and bladder of a woman with UTI was chosen as the tester; the driver was a phylogenetically distant rectal isolate (based on pulsed-field gel electrophoresis analysis) with a profile of uropathogenic virulence genes similar to that of the tester.
  • Tester-specific regions identified by the subtraction were screened, using DNA dot blot hybridization, against a collection of 88 uropathogens isolated from the rectum, urine, and/or vagina of women with UTIs and 54 E. coli isolates from the same women that were found only in the rectum.
  • [MeSH-major] Escherichia coli / genetics. Escherichia coli Infections / microbiology. Escherichia coli Proteins / physiology. Intestinal Diseases / microbiology. Urinary Bladder Diseases / microbiology. Vaginal Diseases / microbiology. Virulence Factors / physiology

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  • (PMID = 16825361.001).
  • [ISSN] 0095-1137
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of clinical microbiology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Clin. Microbiol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Databank-accession-numbers] GENBANK/ DU098706/ DU098707/ DU098708/ DU098709/ DU098710/ DU098711/ DU098712/ DU098713/ DU098714/ DU098715/ DU098716/ DU098717/ DU098718/ DU098719
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / DNA, Bacterial; 0 / Escherichia coli Proteins; 0 / Virulence Factors
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC1489509
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13. Ramos AC, Zundel N, Neto MG, Maalouf M: Human hybrid NOTES transvaginal sleeve gastrectomy: initial experience. Surg Obes Relat Dis; 2008 Sep-Oct;4(5):660-3
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  • We describe the first sleeve gastrectomy surgery for morbid obesity using the vagina as the natural orifice in the form of a hybrid natural orifice transluminal endoscopic surgery transvaginal sleeve gastrectomy, including the short-term outcomes and complications.
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Endoscopes. Equipment Design. Feasibility Studies. Female. Follow-Up Studies. Humans. Middle Aged. Treatment Outcome. Vagina

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  • (PMID = 18794028.001).
  • [ISSN] 1550-7289
  • [Journal-full-title] Surgery for obesity and related diseases : official journal of the American Society for Bariatric Surgery
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Surg Obes Relat Dis
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Comparative Study; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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14. Sadlonova V, Kubatka P, Kajo K, Ostatnikova D, Nosalova G, Adamicova K, Sadlonova J: Side effects of anastrozole in the experimental pre-menopausal mammary carcinogenesis. Neoplasma; 2009;56(2):124-9
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  • </p><p align="justify">In anastrozole-treated animals in comparison with untreated animals, macroscopic changes of uterus and vagina were not found.
  • The values of absolute and relative wet weight of uterus and vagina in the groups ANA 0.05 and ANA 0.5 were comparable with the control.
  • Histological examination did not show atrophic changes in endometrium of uterus and in epithelium of vagina in anastrozole-treated animals.
  • [MeSH-major] Aromatase Inhibitors / adverse effects. Mammary Neoplasms, Experimental / drug therapy. Nitriles / adverse effects. Triazoles / adverse effects
  • [MeSH-minor] Animals. Body Weight / drug effects. Cholesterol, HDL / blood. Cholesterol, LDL / blood. Female. Methylnitrosourea. Rats. Rats, Sprague-Dawley. Uterus / pathology. Vagina / pathology

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  • (PMID = 19239326.001).
  • [ISSN] 0028-2685
  • [Journal-full-title] Neoplasma
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Neoplasma
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] Slovakia
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Aromatase Inhibitors; 0 / Cholesterol, HDL; 0 / Cholesterol, LDL; 0 / Nitriles; 0 / Triazoles; 2Z07MYW1AZ / anastrozole; 684-93-5 / Methylnitrosourea
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15. Song YS, Kang JS, Park MH: Fallopian tube prolapse misdiagnosed as vault granulation tissue: a report of three cases. Pathol Res Pract; 2005;201(12):819-22
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  • Prolapse of the fallopian tube into the vagina is an uncommon complication caused by either vaginal or abdominal hysterectomy.
  • The patients presented with vaginal bleeding.
  • A red hemorrhagic granular mass, misdiagnosed as vaginal granulation tissue both macroscopically and microscopically, was noted at the apex of vagina.
  • Pathologically, one case was initially diagnosed as vaginal vault granulation tissue, but there were two recurrences after excision.
  • It is necessary to receive a pathologic confirmation by performing vaginal biopsy when fallopian tube prolapse is clinically suspected, thus preventing misdiagnosis.
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Connective Tissue Diseases / diagnosis. Female. Granulation Tissue / pathology. Humans. Leiomyoma / surgery. Middle Aged. Prolapse. Treatment Outcome. Uterine Neoplasms / surgery

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  • (PMID = 16308107.001).
  • [ISSN] 0344-0338
  • [Journal-full-title] Pathology, research and practice
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Pathol. Res. Pract.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Germany
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16. Saran B, Karahan ZC, Ağirbaşli H, Tekeli A, Aksoy AM: [Comparison of different primers used for the genotyping of Candida albicans clinical isolates by randomly amplified polymorphic DNA method]. Mikrobiyol Bul; 2008 Oct;42(4):645-54
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  • A total of 109 C. albicans strains recovered from throat, sputum, blood, feces, urine, vagina and wound cultures of 65 hospitalized paediatric patients with haematologic malignancy were evaluated by RAPD method using 10 different primers (OPE-03, OPE-04, OPE-12, OPE-18, OPE-19, OPE-20, OPF-10, OPF-12, P1 and P2) between June 1999-April 2003.
  • [MeSH-minor] Child. Female. Genotype. Hematologic Neoplasms / complications. Humans. Immunocompromised Host. Male. Reproducibility of Results

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  • (PMID = 19149086.001).
  • [ISSN] 0374-9096
  • [Journal-full-title] Mikrobiyoloji bülteni
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Mikrobiyol Bul
  • [Language] tur
  • [Publication-type] Comparative Study; English Abstract; Evaluation Studies; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Turkey
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / DNA Primers; 0 / DNA, Fungal
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17. Lymberopoulos AG, Tsakmakidis IA, Khalifa TA: Effect of ram age on structural and functional competence of frozen-thawed spermatozoa in dairy sheep. Reprod Domest Anim; 2010 Aug;45(4):572-8
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  • Three successive ejaculates were collected from each ram using an artificial vagina.

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  • (PMID = 19055551.001).
  • [ISSN] 1439-0531
  • [Journal-full-title] Reproduction in domestic animals = Zuchthygiene
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Reprod. Domest. Anim.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] Germany
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18. van der Mee-Marquet N, Fourny L, Arnault L, Domelier AS, Salloum M, Lartigue MF, Quentin R: Molecular characterization of human-colonizing Streptococcus agalactiae strains isolated from throat, skin, anal margin, and genital body sites. J Clin Microbiol; 2008 Sep;46(9):2906-11
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  • The MLST characteristics of the strains isolated from a single anatomic site-genital (vagina [women] or from a sample of the first urination after arising from a night's sleep [men]), throat, skin, or anal margin-suggest a body site colonization specificity for particular STs: strains of STs 2, 10, 19, and 196 were isolated only from genital sites; strains of STs 1, 8, and 23 were isolated more frequently from throat florae; and strains recovered only from anal margin samples were more closely related to strains isolated from throats than to those from genital sites.

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  • (PMID = 18632904.001).
  • [ISSN] 1098-660X
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of clinical microbiology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Clin. Microbiol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC2546740
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19. Andrabi SM, Ansari MS, Ullah N, Anwar M, Mehmood A, Akhter S: Duck egg yolk in extender improves the freezability of buffalo bull spermatozoa. Anim Reprod Sci; 2008 Mar 3;104(2-4):427-33
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  • For this purpose, two consecutive ejaculates of semen from each of two Nili-Ravi buffalo bulls were collected on 1 day each week for 5 weeks (replicates; n=5) with artificial vagina (42 degrees C).

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  • (PMID = 17709214.001).
  • [ISSN] 0378-4320
  • [Journal-full-title] Animal reproduction science
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Anim. Reprod. Sci.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Comparative Study; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Netherlands
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20. Anukam KC, Reid G: Organisms associated with bacterial vaginosis in Nigerian women as determined by PCR-DGGE and 16S rRNA gene sequence. Afr Health Sci; 2007 Jun;7(2):68-72
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  • OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to determine the organisms present in the vagina of 34 HIV negative Nigerian women diagnosed as having bacterial vaginosis by using molecular techniques.
  • METHODS: The vaginal samples were subjected to DNA extraction, and amplified with eubacterial primers via PCR.
  • CONCLUSIONS: The findings indicate further diversity in the etiological agents associated with BV, and raise the question as to whether diagnosis and management of this condition needs to be re-evaluated in countries like Nigeria.

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  • (PMID = 17594282.001).
  • [ISSN] 1729-0503
  • [Journal-full-title] African health sciences
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Afr Health Sci
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Uganda
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / DNA, Bacterial; 0 / RNA, Ribosomal, 16S
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC1925267
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21. Marina N, Chang KW, Malogolowkin M, London WB, Frazier AL, Womer RB, Rescorla F, Billmire DF, Davis MM, Perlman EJ, Giller R, Lauer SJ, Olson TA, Children's Oncology Group: Amifostine does not protect against the ototoxicity of high-dose cisplatin combined with etoposide and bleomycin in pediatric germ-cell tumors: a Children's Oncology Group study. Cancer; 2005 Aug 15;104(4):841-7
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  • [Title] Amifostine does not protect against the ototoxicity of high-dose cisplatin combined with etoposide and bleomycin in pediatric germ-cell tumors: a Children's Oncology Group study.
  • BACKGROUND: High-dose cisplatin combined with etoposide and bleomycin (HDPEB) improves event-free survival (EFS) in advanced pediatric germ-cell tumors (PGCT), but has significant ototoxicity.
  • Patients with residual tumor received two additional HDPEB cycles.
  • Hearing evaluations were required at diagnosis and after two and four cycles.
  • Primary sites included sacrococcygeal area/pelvis (n = 15), vagina (n = 5), and other (n = 5).
  • [MeSH-major] Amifostine / administration & dosage. Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols / adverse effects. Hearing Disorders / prevention & control. Neoplasms, Germ Cell and Embryonal / drug therapy. Radiation-Protective Agents / administration & dosage


22. de Almeida BS, Sabatino JH, Giraldo PC: Effects of high-velocity, low-amplitude spinal manipulation on strength and the basal tonus of female pelvic floor muscles. J Manipulative Physiol Ther; 2010 Feb;33(2):109-16
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  • METHODS: In this experimental, noncontrolled, nonrandomized study, IVP was obtained through a perineometer introduced into the volunteers' vagina while in dorsal horizontal decubitus.
  • Forty young, healthy university volunteer women with no history of vaginal delivery participated.
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Female. Humans. Muscle Contraction. Perineum / physiology. Pressure. Reference Values. Sacrum / physiology. Vagina / physiology. Young Adult

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  • [Copyright] (c) 2010 National University of Health Sciences. Published by Mosby, Inc. All rights reserved.
  • (PMID = 20170776.001).
  • [ISSN] 1532-6586
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of manipulative and physiological therapeutics
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Manipulative Physiol Ther
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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23. Nowakowska D, Gaj Z, Sobala W, Wilczyński J: [Evaluation of susceptibility to antifungal agents of fungal strains isolated from pregnant women with diabetes and healthy pregnant women]. Ginekol Pol; 2009 Apr;80(4):274-9
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  • RESULTS: Fungal strains were detected in 190 (30.4%) out of 624 samples obtained from vagina, rectum and oral cavity of 208 women.

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  • (PMID = 19507561.001).
  • [ISSN] 0017-0011
  • [Journal-full-title] Ginekologia polska
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Ginekol. Pol.
  • [Language] pol
  • [Publication-type] Comparative Study; English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Poland
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Antifungal Agents; 0 / Imidazoles; 1400-61-9 / Nystatin; 304NUG5GF4 / Itraconazole; 7NNO0D7S5M / Miconazole; 8O0C852CPO / Natamycin; S57Y5X1117 / tioconazole
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24. Garland SM, Steben M, Sings HL, James M, Lu S, Railkar R, Barr E, Haupt RM, Joura EA: Natural history of genital warts: analysis of the placebo arm of 2 randomized phase III trials of a quadrivalent human papillomavirus (types 6, 11, 16, and 18) vaccine. J Infect Dis; 2009 Mar 15;199(6):805-14
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  • A comprehensive examination of the perianal area, vulva, and vagina prompted biopsy.


25. Kornovski Ia, Ianeva R, Kornovski D: [Retroperitoneal approach and pelvic peritoneoectomy in the surgical management of advanced ovarian cancer]. Akush Ginekol (Sofiia); 2006;45(6):61-8
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  • METHODS: All 38 patients had been submitted to retroperitoneal approach during the laparotomy and it had been performed surgical procedures including various degrees of radicalness towards the pelvic structures (uterus, parameters vagina) with or without pelvic peritoneoectomy.
  • The most common site of suboptimal (> 2 cm) residual masses is the anterior rectal wall and cavum Douglasi - 85,7%, Lymph node metastases is detected in 33%, metastases in omentum - in 75%, parametrial invasion - in 25%, vaginal metastases - in 8,3%, metastases in appendix and Fallopian tubes - in 47,8% and 8,8%, respectively and invasion of tumor's capsula - in 34, 2%.
  • [MeSH-major] Gynecologic Surgical Procedures / methods. Ovarian Neoplasms / surgery. Peritoneum / surgery. Retroperitoneal Space / surgery
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Aged. Female. Humans. Lymph Node Excision. Middle Aged. Neoplasm Invasiveness

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  • (PMID = 17168488.001).
  • [ISSN] 0324-0959
  • [Journal-full-title] Akusherstvo i ginekologii︠a︡
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Akush Ginekol (Sofiia)
  • [Language] bul
  • [Publication-type] English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Bulgaria
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26. Scialpi M, Benagiano G, Frati S, Piscioli I, Barberini F, Lupattelli L: Magnetic resonance imaging features of myxoid leiomyoma of the vagina: A case report. Indian J Radiol Imaging; 2009 Jul-Sep;19(3):238-41
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Magnetic resonance imaging features of myxoid leiomyoma of the vagina: A case report.
  • We report a rare case of a voluminous vaginal myxoid leiomyoma in a 27-year-old nulliparous woman.
  • Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) revealed a mass arising from the vagina, with inhomogeneous signal intensity on spin-echo T1W and T2W images.
  • MRI accurately defined the tissue planes between the lesion and the adjacent structures and suggested its benign nature.
  • The mass was completely resected by means of transvaginal approach and the diagnosis of myxoid leiomyoma was confirmed histologically.
  • To the best of our knowledge, this is the first report describing the MRI features of vaginal myxoid leiomyoma.

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  • [Cites] Acta Radiol. 2007 Oct;48(8):921-33 [17924224.001]
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  • (PMID = 19881095.001).
  • [ISSN] 1998-3808
  • [Journal-full-title] The Indian journal of radiology & imaging
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Indian J Radiol Imaging
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] India
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC2766875
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27. Iarŭmov N, Sokolov M, Toshev S, Angelov K, Gribnev P, Lukanova Ts: [Combined and extended radical operations in colorectal cancer patients]. Khirurgiia (Sofiia); 2007;(5):5-9
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  • In thirty three patients with abdominoperineal extirpation the combined interventions include: hysterectomy (7), ovariectomy (9), resection of vagina (8), prostate gland resection (5) and bladder resection (4).
  • [MeSH-major] Colorectal Neoplasms / complications. Colorectal Neoplasms / surgery. Surgical Procedures, Operative / methods
  • [MeSH-minor] Appendectomy. Cysts / surgery. Digestive System Surgical Procedures / methods. Female. Humans. Hysterectomy. Male. Middle Aged. Ovariectomy. Postoperative Complications / epidemiology. Postoperative Complications / etiology. Prostate / surgery. Retrospective Studies. Urinary Bladder / surgery. Vagina / surgery

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  • (PMID = 18580824.001).
  • [ISSN] 0450-2167
  • [Journal-full-title] Khirurgii︠a︡
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Khirurgiia (Sofiia)
  • [Language] bul
  • [Publication-type] English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Bulgaria
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28. Michael McClain R, Wolz E, Davidovich A, Pfannkuch F, Edwards JA, Bausch J: Acute, subchronic and chronic safety studies with genistein in rats. Food Chem Toxicol; 2006 Jan;44(1):56-80
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  • Furthermore, hydrometra of the uterus and findings in the vagina consisting of anestric or diestrus vaginal mucosa with vaginal mucification, hyperplastic epithelium and multifocal cystic degeneration were noted at 500 mg/kg/day.

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  • (PMID = 16213646.001).
  • [ISSN] 0278-6915
  • [Journal-full-title] Food and chemical toxicology : an international journal published for the British Industrial Biological Research Association
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Food Chem. Toxicol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Anticarcinogenic Agents; 0 / Phytoestrogens; DH2M523P0H / Genistein; EC 2.3.2.2 / gamma-Glutamyltransferase
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29. Sharma JB, Seth A, Mittal S: Transvaginal repair of a vesico-vaginal fistula using a mobilised vaginal flap to form the bladder base: a case report. Arch Gynecol Obstet; 2006 Mar;273(6):378-80
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  • [Title] Transvaginal repair of a vesico-vaginal fistula using a mobilised vaginal flap to form the bladder base: a case report.
  • We describe a case of a vesico-vaginal fistula in a 32-year-old lady presenting with true urinary incontinence.
  • For a successful transvaginal repair, we used a mobilized vaginal flap to bridge the defect in the bladder wall.
  • Adjacent wall of vagina was mobilized and stitched over the first layer to achieve water tight repair.

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  • (PMID = 16408182.001).
  • [ISSN] 0932-0067
  • [Journal-full-title] Archives of gynecology and obstetrics
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Arch. Gynecol. Obstet.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Germany
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30. Li B, Wang J, Wu JX, Wang LY: [Clinical analysis of vaginoplasty with sigmoid colon by laparoscopic surgery]. Zhonghua Fu Chan Ke Za Zhi; 2009 Sep;44(9):673-5
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  • METHOD: Clinical data of 45 cases with laparoscopic vaginoplasty using a vascularized pedicled sigmoid colon flap were reviewed, including 41 cases with congenital absence of vagina and 4 cases with male pseudohermaphroditism.
  • Operation time, blood loss, the anatomical and functional newly forming vagina were evaluated.
  • The artificial vaginas had excellent cosmetic outcome, including adequate vaginal length, good lubrication, and appearance and physical functions similar to natural vagina.
  • A vaginal mould was employed for more than 3 months in 34 cases, achieving a good dilatation of the artificial vagina.
  • [MeSH-major] Colon, Sigmoid / transplantation. Congenital Abnormalities / surgery. Laparoscopy. Vagina / abnormalities. Vagina / surgery

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  • (PMID = 20079179.001).
  • [ISSN] 0529-567X
  • [Journal-full-title] Zhonghua fu chan ke za zhi
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Zhonghua Fu Chan Ke Za Zhi
  • [Language] chi
  • [Publication-type] English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] China
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31. Sotelo R, de Andrade R, Fernández G, Ramirez D, Di Grazia E, Carmona O, Moreira O, Berger A, Aron M, Desai MM, Gill IS: NOTES hybrid transvaginal radical nephrectomy for tumor: stepwise progression toward a first successful clinical case. Eur Urol; 2010 Jan;57(1):138-44
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  • [Title] NOTES hybrid transvaginal radical nephrectomy for tumor: stepwise progression toward a first successful clinical case.
  • OBJECTIVE: To present our stepwise technique development and the first successful clinical case of NOTES transvaginal radical nephrectomy for tumor with umbilical assistance without extraumbilical skin incisions.
  • Using one multichannel access port in the vagina and one in the umbilicus, laparoscopic visualization, intraoperative tissue dissection, and hilar control were performed transvaginally and transumbilically.
  • RESULTS AND LIMITATIONS: Intraoperatively, at incrementally more advanced stages of the procedure, the first three NOTES clinical cases were electively converted to standard laparoscopy because of rectal injury during vaginal entry, of failure to progress, and of gradual bleeding during upper-pole dissection after transvaginal hilar control, respectively.
  • CONCLUSIONS: We report our stepwise progression and the initial successful clinical case of NOTES hybrid transvaginal radical nephrectomy for tumor, assisted with only one umbilical trocar.
  • [MeSH-major] Carcinoma, Renal Cell / surgery. Kidney Neoplasms / surgery. Laparoscopy. Nephrectomy / methods. Umbilicus / surgery. Vagina / surgery
  • [MeSH-minor] Aged. Blood Loss, Surgical. Brazil. Female. Humans. Laparoscopes. Length of Stay. Neoplasm Staging. Ohio. Prospective Studies. Specimen Handling. Surgical Instruments. Time Factors. Tomography, X-Ray Computed. Treatment Outcome

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  • (PMID = 19406563.001).
  • [ISSN] 1873-7560
  • [Journal-full-title] European urology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Eur. Urol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article; Multicenter Study
  • [Publication-country] Switzerland
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32. Guess MK, Connell K, Schrader S, Reutman S, Wang A, LaCombe J, Toennis C, Lowe B, Melman A, Mikhail M: Genital sensation and sexual function in women bicyclists and runners: are your feet safer than your seat? J Sex Med; 2006 Nov;3(6):1018-1027
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  • Multivariate analysis found significant correlations between higher VTs and bicycling at the left and right perineum, posterior vagina, left and right labia.
  • Increasing VTs at the clitoris, anterior vagina, and urethra were associated with age.
  • [MeSH-major] Bicycling. Clitoris / physiology. Running. Sensation / physiology. Vagina / physiology


33. Takai N, Kai N, Hirata Y, Kashima K, Narahara H: Primary malignant melanoma of the vagina. Eur J Gynaecol Oncol; 2008;29(5):558-9
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  • [Title] Primary malignant melanoma of the vagina.
  • Malignant melanoma originating in the vagina is considered extremely rare and has a very poor prognosis.
  • We report a case of a 70-year-old woman with primary malignant melanoma of the vagina, and discuss the importance of prognostic factors and the efficacy of adjuvant chemotherapy.
  • [MeSH-major] Melanoma / pathology. Vaginal Neoplasms / pathology

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  • (PMID = 19051838.001).
  • [ISSN] 0392-2936
  • [Journal-full-title] European journal of gynaecological oncology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Eur. J. Gynaecol. Oncol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Italy
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34. Rimoldi G, Christoffel J, Wuttke W: Morphologic changes induced by oral long-term treatment with 8-prenylnaringenin in the uterus, vagina, and mammary gland of castrated rats. Menopause; 2006 Jul-Aug;13(4):669-77
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  • [Title] Morphologic changes induced by oral long-term treatment with 8-prenylnaringenin in the uterus, vagina, and mammary gland of castrated rats.
  • Compared to the atrophic controls, both E(2) doses and the high 8-PN dose induced hyperplastic epithelia in the vagina.
  • [MeSH-minor] Administration, Oral. Animals. Disease Models, Animal. Dose-Response Relationship, Drug. Drug Administration Schedule. Estrogen Replacement Therapy. Female. Mammary Glands, Animal / drug effects. Mammary Glands, Animal / pathology. Menopause. Ovariectomy. Rats. Rats, Sprague-Dawley. Uterus / drug effects. Uterus / pathology. Vagina / drug effects. Vagina / pathology

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  • (PMID = 16837889.001).
  • [ISSN] 1072-3714
  • [Journal-full-title] Menopause (New York, N.Y.)
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Menopause
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / 8-prenylnaringenin; 0 / Flavanones; 0 / Phytoestrogens
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35. Palma P, Riccetto C, Hernández M, Olivares JM: [Urogenitals prolapse: revision of concepts]. Actas Urol Esp; 2008 Jun;32(6):618-23
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  • [Transliterated title] Prolapsos urogenitales: revisión de conceptos.
  • The prolapse is the exteriorization of the pelvic organs through the vagina, this condition may affect the quality of life.
  • The prolapse may occur at the anterior vaginal wall (cystocele) at the vaginal, uterus (histerocele) or at the posterior wall (or rectocele enterocele).
  • It is important for reconstructive surgery a correct diagnosis, for the specific defect repair.

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  • (PMID = 18655345.001).
  • [ISSN] 0210-4806
  • [Journal-full-title] Actas urologicas españolas
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Actas Urol Esp
  • [Language] spa
  • [Publication-type] English Abstract; Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] Spain
  • [Number-of-references] 6
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36. Ramezani A, Ghandi N, Akhyani M, Daneshpazhooh M, Naraghi ZS, Chams-Davatchi C: Erosions on a prolapsed uterine in an old woman: an unusual manifestation of pemphigus vulgaris. Dermatol Online J; 2009;15(9):9
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  • Vaginal involvement in pemphigus vulgaris has previously been described.
  • We describe a patient with pemphigus vulgaris who had pemphigus erosions on a prolapsed uterus (i.e., on the everted surface of vagina).
  • After lowering the dose of prednisolone the patient was referred to a gynecologist for a vaginal hysterectomy.
  • This case was unique because her vaginal lesions could be easily examined and followed.
  • [MeSH-minor] Aged. Autoantibodies / immunology. Desmoglein 1 / immunology. Desmoglein 3 / immunology. Drug Resistance. Female. Humans. Hysterectomy, Vaginal. Immunosuppressive Agents / therapeutic use. Prednisolone / therapeutic use

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  • (PMID = 19930996.001).
  • [ISSN] 1087-2108
  • [Journal-full-title] Dermatology online journal
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Dermatol. Online J.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Autoantibodies; 0 / DSG1 protein, human; 0 / DSG3 protein, human; 0 / Desmoglein 1; 0 / Desmoglein 3; 0 / Immunosuppressive Agents; 9PHQ9Y1OLM / Prednisolone
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37. Kane S: Urogenital complications of Crohn's disease. Am J Gastroenterol; 2006 Dec;101(12 Suppl):S640-3
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  • Fistulas involving the ureters, urinary bladder, and vagina are discussed.

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  • (PMID = 17177869.001).
  • [ISSN] 0002-9270
  • [Journal-full-title] The American journal of gastroenterology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Am. J. Gastroenterol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Number-of-references] 36
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38. Hvozdík A, Bugarský A, Kottferová J, Vargová M, Ondrasovicová O, Ondrasovic M, Sasáková N: Ethological, psychological and legal aspects of animal sexual abuse. Vet J; 2006 Sep;172(2):374-6
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  • Post-mortem examination showed rupture of both the rectum and vagina in each calf with massive haemorrhage into the abdominal and thoracic cavities.
  • [MeSH-minor] Anal Canal / injuries. Animals. Female. Humans. Male. Middle Aged. Vagina / injuries

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  • [CommentIn] Vet J. 2006 Sep;172(2):195-7 [16246601.001]
  • (PMID = 16019241.001).
  • [ISSN] 1090-0233
  • [Journal-full-title] Veterinary journal (London, England : 1997)
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Vet. J.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] England
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39. Yao L, Agoulnik AI, Cooke PS, Meling DD, Sherwood OD: Relaxin acts on stromal cells to promote epithelial and stromal proliferation and inhibit apoptosis in the mouse cervix and vagina. Endocrinology; 2008 May;149(5):2072-9
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  • [Title] Relaxin acts on stromal cells to promote epithelial and stromal proliferation and inhibit apoptosis in the mouse cervix and vagina.
  • The objective of this study was to determine whether stromal and/or epithelial relaxin receptor (LGR7) is required for relaxin to promote proliferation and inhibit apoptosis of stromal and epithelial cells in the mouse cervix and vagina.
  • In conclusion, this study shows that LGR7-expressing cells in the stroma are both necessary and sufficient for relaxin to promote proliferation and inhibit apoptosis in both stromal and epithelial cells of cervix and vagina, whereas epithelial LGR7 does not affect these processes.
  • [MeSH-major] Apoptosis / drug effects. Cell Proliferation / drug effects. Cervix Uteri / drug effects. Epithelial Cells / drug effects. Relaxin / pharmacology. Stromal Cells / drug effects. Vagina / drug effects

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  • (PMID = 18218691.001).
  • [ISSN] 0013-7227
  • [Journal-full-title] Endocrinology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Endocrinology
  • [Language] eng
  • [Grant] United States / NCRR NIH HHS / RR / C06 RR016515; United States / NICHD NIH HHS / HD / R01 HD040448; United States / NCRR NIH HHS / RR / C06 RR16515; United States / NICHD NIH HHS / HD / HD40448
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Lgr7 protein, mouse; 0 / Receptors, G-Protein-Coupled; 147336-22-9 / Green Fluorescent Proteins; 9002-69-1 / Relaxin
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC2329284
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40. Liebrich C, Reinecke-Lüthge A, Kühnle H, Petry KU: [Squamous cell carcinoma in neovagina at Mayer-Rokitansky-Küster-Hauser-syndrome]. Zentralbl Gynakol; 2006 Oct;128(5):271-4
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Transliterated title] Plattenepithelkarzinom der Neovagina nach Mayer-Rokitansky-Küster-Hauser-Syndrom.
  • Carcinoma of the vagina is a rare entity of cancer, also a primary carcinoma of the neovagina in patients with vaginal agenesia is of rare occurrence.
  • The tumor could be resected completely, no infestation of lymph nodes was observed.
  • In a systematic literature review 19 female patients with a primary carcinoma of neovagina after agenesia of vagina could be identified.
  • [MeSH-major] Abnormalities, Multiple / pathology. Carcinoma, Squamous Cell / pathology. Vaginal Neoplasms / pathology
  • [MeSH-minor] Cell Transformation, Neoplastic. Female. Humans. Middle Aged. Neoplasm Staging. Urethral Neoplasms / pathology


41. Judlin PG, Thiebaugeorges O: [Pelvic inflammatory diseases]. Gynecol Obstet Fertil; 2009 Feb;37(2):172-82
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  • They usually result from the infection of upper genital tract by pathogens ascending from the cervix or the vagina.
  • Since the clinical signs of uncomplicated forms are frequently mild or misleading, diagnosis require other exams such as microbiology (samples from the cervix and, if applicable, from the pelvis) and laparoscopy.

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  • (PMID = 19230739.001).
  • [ISSN] 1297-9589
  • [Journal-full-title] Gynécologie, obstétrique & fertilité
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Gynecol Obstet Fertil
  • [Language] fre
  • [Publication-type] English Abstract; Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] France
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Anti-Bacterial Agents; 0 / Anti-Inflammatory Agents, Non-Steroidal
  • [Number-of-references] 86
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42. Roush KM: Social implications of obstetric fistula: an integrative review. J Midwifery Womens Health; 2009 Mar-Apr;54(2):e21-33
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  • The woman is left with a hole between her vagina and bladder (vesicovaginal) or vagina and rectum (rectovaginal) or both, and has uncontrollable leakage of urine or feces or both.

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  • (PMID = 19249652.001).
  • [ISSN] 1542-2011
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of midwifery & women's health
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Midwifery Womens Health
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Number-of-references] 23
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43. Han YW, Fardini Y, Chen C, Iacampo KG, Peraino VA, Shamonki JM, Redline RW: Term stillbirth caused by oral Fusobacterium nucleatum. Obstet Gynecol; 2010 Feb;115(2 Pt 2):442-5
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  • Examination of different microbial floras from the mother identified the same clone in her subgingival plaque but not in the supragingival plaque, vagina, or rectum.

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  • [Cites] J Periodontol. 2005 Nov;76(11 Suppl):2144-53 [16277587.001]
  • [Cites] J Clin Microbiol. 2006 Apr;44(4):1475-83 [16597879.001]
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  • (PMID = 20093874.001).
  • [ISSN] 1873-233X
  • [Journal-full-title] Obstetrics and gynecology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Obstet Gynecol
  • [Language] ENG
  • [Grant] United States / NIDCR NIH HHS / DE / R21 DE017165-02; United States / NIDCR NIH HHS / DE / K02 DE016102; United States / NIDCR NIH HHS / DE / R21 DE171650; United States / NIDCR NIH HHS / DE / KO2 DE 16102; United States / NIDCR NIH HHS / DE / DE016102-04; United States / NIDCR NIH HHS / DE / R01 DE014924; United States / NIDCR NIH HHS / DE / R01 DE 14924; United States / NIDCR NIH HHS / DE / K02 DE016102-03; United States / NIDCR NIH HHS / DE / DE014924-05A1; United States / NIDCR NIH HHS / DE / K02 DE016102-04; United States / NIDCR NIH HHS / DE / R01 DE014924-05A1; United States / NIDCR NIH HHS / DE / DE016102-03; United States / NIDCR NIH HHS / DE / R21 DE017165
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ NIHMS252808; NLM/ PMC3004155
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44. Deligeoroglou E, Deliveliotou A, Makrakis E, Creatsas G: Concurrent imperforate hymen, transverse vaginal septum, and unicornuate uterus: a case report. J Pediatr Surg; 2007 Aug;42(8):1446-8
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  • [Title] Concurrent imperforate hymen, transverse vaginal septum, and unicornuate uterus: a case report.
  • After clinical and imaging examination, an imperforate hymen and a large hematocolpos along the upper part of the vagina was diagnosed.
  • A complete transverse vaginal septum in the middle third of the vagina was identified and when incised drained approximately 200 mL of a dense brownish fluid.
  • This is the first case in the literature of concurrent imperforate hymen, transverse complete vaginal septum, and unicornuate uterus, and it highlights the potential of a multifactorial embryologic genetic etiology.
  • [MeSH-major] Genital Diseases, Female / surgery. Hymen / abnormalities. Uterus / abnormalities. Vagina / abnormalities

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  • (PMID = 17706513.001).
  • [ISSN] 1531-5037
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of pediatric surgery
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Pediatr. Surg.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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45. Buisson O, Foldes P, Jannini E, Mimoun S: Coitus as revealed by ultrasound in one volunteer couple. J Sex Med; 2010 Aug;7(8):2750-4
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  • Ultrasound studies of the clitoral complex during intercourse have been conducted to gain insight into the role of the clitoris and its relation to vagina and urethra during arousal and penetration.
  • AIM: Our task was to visualize the anterior vaginal wall and its relationship to the clitoris during intercourse.
  • RESULTS: The coronal section demonstrated that the penis inflated the vagina and stretched the root of the clitoris that has consequently a very close relationship with the anterior vaginal wall.
  • This could explain the pleasurable sensitivity of this anterior vaginal area called the G-spot.
  • CONCLUSIONS: The clitoris and vagina must be seen as an anatomical and functional unit being activated by vaginal penetration during intercourse.
  • [MeSH-major] Arousal / physiology. Clitoris / ultrasonography. Coitus / physiology. Urethra / ultrasonography. Vagina / ultrasonography

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  • [Copyright] © 2010 International Society for Sexual Medicine.
  • (PMID = 20626602.001).
  • [ISSN] 1743-6109
  • [Journal-full-title] The journal of sexual medicine
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Sex Med
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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46. Garg KB, Ganguli I, Kriplani A, Lohiya NK, Thulkar J, Talwar GP: Metabolic properties of lactobacilli in women experiencing recurring episodes of bacterial vaginosis with vaginal pH &gt;or= 5. Eur J Clin Microbiol Infect Dis; 2010 Jan;29(1):123-5
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  • [Title] Metabolic properties of lactobacilli in women experiencing recurring episodes of bacterial vaginosis with vaginal pH >or= 5.
  • While 60% of women experiencing recurring episodes of bacterial vaginosis (BV) with vaginal pH >or= 5 are depleted of resident probiotic lactobacilli, the remainder carry one or more strains of lactobacilli.
  • Their ability to make D-lactic acid is, however, low (3.94 +/- 0.72 mM/L) compared to the D-lactic acid produced by strains from healthy vagina with vaginal pH approximately 4 (8.04 +/- 1.07 mM/L) culture supernatant of 0.5 McFarland concentration (P < 0.001).
  • [MeSH-major] Lactic Acid / metabolism. Lactobacillus / metabolism. Vagina / chemistry. Vagina / microbiology. Vaginosis, Bacterial / microbiology

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  • [ISSN] 1435-4373
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  • [ISO-abbreviation] Eur. J. Clin. Microbiol. Infect. Dis.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Comparative Study; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
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47. Chu M, Crist H, Zaino RJ: Adenocarcinoma arising in a rectovaginal fistula in Crohn disease. Int J Gynecol Pathol; 2010 Sep;29(5):497-500
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  • Adenocarcinomas occurring in the vagina are rare.
  • Although most adenocarcinomas in the vagina arise from other sites in the female genital tract, a significant minority reflects metastasis from a colorectal site.
  • We report a very unusual occurrence of an adenocarcinoma that presented as a mass in the vagina protruding through the introitus.
  • Neither the initial clinical examination nor the pathologic examination suggested the correct diagnosis.
  • We report this case to remind the gynecologists of the potential complications of Crohn disease, and to highlight for the pathologists the difficulty that is often encountered in the correct identification of the source of carcinomas that are found in the vagina.
  • [MeSH-major] Adenocarcinoma / secondary. Colorectal Neoplasms / pathology. Crohn Disease / complications. Rectovaginal Fistula / complications. Vaginal Neoplasms / secondary

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  • (PMID = 20736780.001).
  • [ISSN] 1538-7151
  • [Journal-full-title] International journal of gynecological pathology : official journal of the International Society of Gynecological Pathologists
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Int. J. Gynecol. Pathol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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48. Yan Z, Liao G: Colovaginal anastomosis: an unusual complication of stapler use in restorative procedure after Hartmann operation. World J Surg Oncol; 2005 Nov 15;3:74
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  • The most leading cause of this complication is involvement of the posterior wall of the vagina into the staple line when firing the circular stapler.
  • A transvaginal repair was performed but stool passing from vagina not per rectum.
  • The present case again highlights the importance of ensuring that the posterior wall of vagina is away from the staple line.

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  • [Journal-full-title] World journal of surgical oncology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] World J Surg Oncol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] England
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49. Anderson BL, Wang CC, Delong AK, Liu T, Kojic EM, Kurpewski J, Ingersoll J, Mayer K, Caliendo AM, Cu-Uvin S: Genital tract leukocytes and shedding of genital HIV type 1 RNA. Clin Infect Dis; 2008 Nov 1;47(9):1216-21
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • We sought to determine whether the presence of inflammatory cells in the vagina is associated with the presence of genital tract HIV type 1 (HIV-1) RNA.

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  • (PMID = 18808359.001).
  • [ISSN] 1537-6591
  • [Journal-full-title] Clinical infectious diseases : an official publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Clin. Infect. Dis.
  • [Language] ENG
  • [Grant] United States / NIAID NIH HHS / AI / P30 AI050409; United States / NICHD NIH HHS / HD / K12 HD050108; United States / NIAID NIH HHS / AI / K24 AI066884; United States / NIAID NIH HHS / AI / P30 AI42853; United States / NIAID NIH HHS / AI / R01 AI040350; United States / NIAID NIH HHS / AI / R01 AI40350; United States / NICHD NIH HHS / HD / L30 HD056376-01; United States / NICHD NIH HHS / HD / L30 HD056376; United States / NICHD NIH HHS / HD / HD056376-01; United States / NIAID NIH HHS / AI / K24 AI066884-01; United States / NIAID NIH HHS / AI / P30 AI042853
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / RNA, Viral
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ NIHMS116092; NLM/ PMC2714169
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50. Selvaraju S, Ravindra JP, Ghosh J, Gupta PS, Suresh KP: Evaluation of sperm functional attributes in relation to in vitro sperm-zona pellucida binding ability and cleavage rate in assessing frozen thawed buffalo (Bubalus bubalis) semen quality. Anim Reprod Sci; 2008 Jul;106(3-4):311-21
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  • Frozen-thawed forty-eight ejaculates from eight Surti buffalo bulls (six ejaculates/bull) obtained by artificial vagina were used.

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  • (PMID = 17576042.001).
  • [ISSN] 0378-4320
  • [Journal-full-title] Animal reproduction science
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Anim. Reprod. Sci.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Evaluation Studies; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Netherlands
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51. Nakajima K, Nishida T, Takahashi T, Souma Y, Hara J, Yamada T, Yoshio T, Tsutsui T, Yokoi T, Mori M, Doki Y: Partial gastrectomy using natural orifice translumenal endoscopic surgery (NOTES) for gastric submucosal tumors: early experience in humans. Surg Endosc; 2009 Dec;23(12):2650-5
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  • [Title] Partial gastrectomy using natural orifice translumenal endoscopic surgery (NOTES) for gastric submucosal tumors: early experience in humans.
  • The authors report their early experience with hybrid transvaginal NOTES gastrectomy for gastric submucosal tumors (SMTs).
  • The resected specimen was isolated and delivered through the vagina, and the vaginal wound was closed under direct vision.
  • A minimal vaginal incision was added for one patient at retrieval.
  • The final diagnosis was hemorrhagic lipoma and gastrointestinal stromal tumor (GIST), respectively.
  • [MeSH-major] Gastrectomy / methods. Gastrointestinal Stromal Tumors / surgery. Gastroscopy / methods. Natural Orifice Endoscopic Surgery / methods. Stomach Neoplasms / surgery
  • [MeSH-minor] Blood Loss, Surgical. Feasibility Studies. Female. Humans. Length of Stay. Middle Aged. Tumor Burden

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  • (PMID = 19357916.001).
  • [ISSN] 1432-2218
  • [Journal-full-title] Surgical endoscopy
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Surg Endosc
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Evaluation Studies; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] Germany
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52. Thinkhamrop J, Laopaiboon M, Lumbiganon P: Prophylactic antibiotics for transcervical intrauterine procedures. Cochrane Database Syst Rev; 2007;(3):CD005637
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • The vagina is an area of the body that is abundant with normal bacterial flora.
  • An operative procedure through the vagina may, therefore, be considered to have added potential for resulting in post-procedure infection.

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  • [UpdateIn] Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2013;5:CD005637 [23728655.001]
  • (PMID = 17636811.001).
  • [ISSN] 1469-493X
  • [Journal-full-title] The Cochrane database of systematic reviews
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Cochrane Database Syst Rev
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Number-of-references] 21
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53. Mumper RJ, Bell MA, Worthen DR, Cone RA, Lewis GR, Paull JR, Moench TR: Formulating a sulfonated antiviral dendrimer in a vaginal microbicidal gel having dual mechanisms of action. Drug Dev Ind Pharm; 2009 May;35(5):515-24
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Formulating a sulfonated antiviral dendrimer in a vaginal microbicidal gel having dual mechanisms of action.
  • VivaGel, a topical gel containing 3% (wt/wt) SPL7013, is in development as a vaginal microbicide.
  • BufferGel is a Carbopol-based acidic buffering gel that enhances the natural protective action of the vagina to produce a broad-spectrum microbicidal environment.
  • The positive attributes of both gels were combined into a combination vaginal microbicidal gel having dual mechanisms of action.

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  • (PMID = 19040181.001).
  • [ISSN] 1520-5762
  • [Journal-full-title] Drug development and industrial pharmacy
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Drug Dev Ind Pharm
  • [Language] ENG
  • [Grant] United States / NIAID NIH HHS / AI / AI060598-059002; United States / NIAID NIH HHS / AI / U19 AI060598; United States / NIAID NIH HHS / AI / U19 AI060598-059002
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Acrylic Resins; 0 / Antiviral Agents; 0 / Buffers; 0 / Dendrimers; 0 / Excipients; 0 / Gels; 0 / Polyvinyls; 0 / SPL7013; 25104-18-1 / Polylysine; 9007-20-9 / carboxypolymethylene
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ NIHMS139363; NLM/ PMC2756599
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54. Coolen MJ, Post E, Davis CC, Forney LJ: Characterization of microbial communities found in the human vagina by analysis of terminal restriction fragment length polymorphisms of 16S rRNA genes. Appl Environ Microbiol; 2005 Dec;71(12):8729-37
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Characterization of microbial communities found in the human vagina by analysis of terminal restriction fragment length polymorphisms of 16S rRNA genes.
  • To define and monitor the structure of microbial communities found in the human vagina, a cultivation-independent approach based on analyses of terminal restriction fragment length polymorphisms (T-RFLP) of 16S rRNA genes was developed and validated.
  • Sixteen bacterial strains commonly found in the human vagina were used to construct model communities that were subsequently used to develop efficient means for the isolation of genomic DNA and an optimal strategy for T-RFLP analyses.
  • Differences and similarities among the vaginal microbial communities of the women were readily apparent.
  • These findings show that T-RFLP of 16S rRNA genes can be used to compare vaginal microbial communities and gain information about the numerically dominant populations that are present.

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  • (PMID = 16332868.001).
  • [ISSN] 0099-2240
  • [Journal-full-title] Applied and environmental microbiology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Appl. Environ. Microbiol.
  • [Language] ENG
  • [Grant] United States / NCRR NIH HHS / RR / P20 RR016448; United States / NCRR NIH HHS / RR / P20 RR16448
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / DNA Primers; 0 / RNA, Bacterial; 0 / RNA, Ribosomal, 16S
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC1317315
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55. Bujons A, Errando C, Prados M, Báez C, Arañó P, Villavicencio H: [The presence of a prolene mesh in the vagina]. Arch Esp Urol; 2006 Jul-Aug;59(6):627-31
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] [The presence of a prolene mesh in the vagina].
  • [Transliterated title] Presencia de malla de prolene en vagina.
  • METHODS/RESULTS: Seventy-five-years-old female patient with history of previous cystocele repair with Prolene mesh presenting urinary incontinence and vaginal erosion of the mesh.
  • [MeSH-major] Foreign Bodies / etiology. Polypropylenes. Surgical Mesh / adverse effects. Urinary Incontinence / etiology. Vagina / injuries

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  • (PMID = 16933493.001).
  • [ISSN] 0004-0614
  • [Journal-full-title] Archivos españoles de urología
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Arch. Esp. Urol.
  • [Language] spa
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Spain
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Polypropylenes
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56. Adewuyi SA, Shittu OS, Rafindadi AH, Zayyan MS, Samaila MO, Oguntayo AO: Cisplatin chemotherapy for haemostasis in bleeding cervical cancer: experience from a resource-poor setting. Niger Postgrad Med J; 2010 Jun;17(2):122-7
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  • PATIENTS AND METHODS: Between January 2006 and December 2007, 116 patients with histologically confirmed cervical cancer with vaginal bleeding as the predominant symptom were treated.
  • Patients were interviewed with a structured pro forma on a 3-weekly basis during chemotherapy schedules to assess and evaluate per vaginal bleeding and discharge.
  • 62 patients were having per vagina bleeding for more than 6 months before commencement of chemotherapy (range 1-60 months).
  • 81 patients had complete cessation of per vagina bleeding with 69 having complete cessation on or before 4th course of chemotherapy (9th week) and complete cessation of per vagina discharges was seen in 52 patients.
  • CONCLUSION: In resource-poor setting, Cisplatin based chemotherapy can be used by medical, gynaecological oncologists and general practitioners to control vaginal bleeding and improve the quality of life of patients pending radiotherapy.
  • [MeSH-major] Antineoplastic Agents / therapeutic use. Carcinoma, Squamous Cell / drug therapy. Cisplatin / therapeutic use. Hemostasis / drug effects. Uterine Cervical Neoplasms / drug therapy
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Aged. Aged, 80 and over. Drug Administration Schedule. Female. Hemorrhage / drug therapy. Hemorrhage / etiology. Humans. Karnofsky Performance Status. Middle Aged. Neoplasm Staging. Nigeria


57. Meyer S, Fahlbusch M, Thon WF: [Fistula between the bladder and vagina and perforation after implantation of a wall stent for ureteral stricture]. Urologe A; 2010 Apr;49(4):543-6
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  • [Title] [Fistula between the bladder and vagina and perforation after implantation of a wall stent for ureteral stricture].
  • [MeSH-minor] Abdominal Abscess / diagnosis. Abdominal Abscess / etiology. Abdominal Abscess / surgery. Aged. Female. Humans. Hydronephrosis / therapy. Image Processing, Computer-Assisted. Nephrostomy, Percutaneous. Osteomyelitis / diagnosis. Osteomyelitis / etiology. Recurrence. Retreatment. Tomography, X-Ray Computed

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  • (PMID = 19859690.001).
  • [ISSN] 1433-0563
  • [Journal-full-title] Der Urologe. Ausg. A
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Urologe A
  • [Language] ger
  • [Publication-type] English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Germany
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58. Jaspers JW, Kuppens SM, van Zundert AA, de Wildt MJ: Vaginal stones in a 5-year-old girl: a novel approach of removal. J Pediatr Adolesc Gynecol; 2010 Feb;23(1):e23-5
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Vaginal stones in a 5-year-old girl: a novel approach of removal.
  • BACKGROUND: Primary vaginal stones in children are extremely rare and removal can be difficult.
  • We describe a procedure for safe extraction of vaginal stones.
  • Vaginoscopy identified vaginal stones.
  • After 4 weeks of estrogen treatment, a second procedure via vaginal introduction of a nephroscope in combination with an ultrasonic device, effectively disintegrated the stones.
  • SUMMARY AND CONCLUSION: We recommend the use of a nephroscope in visualizing the vagina and cervix and facilitating instrumentation in prepubertal girls.
  • [MeSH-major] Calculi / surgery. Lithotripsy / methods. Vaginal Diseases / surgery

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  • Hazardous Substances Data Bank. MAGNESIUM COMPOUNDS .
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  • [Copyright] Copyright 2010 North American Society for Pediatric and Adolescent Gynecology. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
  • (PMID = 19643641.001).
  • [ISSN] 1873-4332
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of pediatric and adolescent gynecology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Pediatr Adolesc Gynecol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Magnesium Compounds; 0 / Phosphates; 423D2T571U / Ethinyl Estradiol; AW3EJL1462 / struvite
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59. Altchek A, Wasserman B, Deligdisch L: Prepubertal distal longitudinal vaginal folds. J Pediatr Adolesc Gynecol; 2008 Dec;21(6):351-4
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Prepubertal distal longitudinal vaginal folds.
  • OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this paper is to further describe prepubertal distal longitudinal vaginal folds and its natural history.
  • RESULTS: Histology of the folds shows normal vaginal mucosa over loose fibrous connective tissue without a firm fibrous core.
  • CONCLUSIONS: Prepubertal distal longitudinal folds are common, and disappear probably by spreading out during puberty with the physiologic estrogenic widening and lengthening of the vagina.
  • The folds may be confused with the vaginal rhabdomyosarcoma or sexual molestation if the fold reaches the hymen, and forms a "bump".
  • The folds are benign.
  • [MeSH-major] Vagina / anatomy & histology. Vagina / pathology. Vaginal Diseases / pathology

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  • (PMID = 19064230.001).
  • [ISSN] 1873-4332
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of pediatric and adolescent gynecology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Pediatr Adolesc Gynecol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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60. Brustmann H: Paraganglioma of the vagina: report of a case. Pathol Res Pract; 2007;203(3):189-92
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Paraganglioma of the vagina: report of a case.
  • To date, only four paragangliomas have been described in the vagina.
  • This case study reports on an endocrinologically inactive vaginal paraganglioma, emphasizing the morphological and immunohistochemical differential diagnoses.
  • [MeSH-major] Biomarkers, Tumor / analysis. Paraganglioma / chemistry. Paraganglioma / pathology. Vaginal Neoplasms / chemistry. Vaginal Neoplasms / pathology
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Diagnosis, Differential. Factor VIII / analysis. Female. Humans. Immunohistochemistry. Ki-67 Antigen / analysis. Mucin-1 / analysis. Periodic Acid-Schiff Reaction. Phosphopyruvate Hydratase / analysis. Vimentin / analysis

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  • (PMID = 17298868.001).
  • [ISSN] 0344-0338
  • [Journal-full-title] Pathology, research and practice
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Pathol. Res. Pract.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Germany
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Biomarkers, Tumor; 0 / Ki-67 Antigen; 0 / Mucin-1; 0 / Vimentin; 9001-27-8 / Factor VIII; EC 4.2.1.11 / Phosphopyruvate Hydratase
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61. Gautam G, Nakao T: Prevalence of urovagina and its effects on reproductive performance in Holstein cows. Theriogenology; 2009 Jun;71(9):1451-61
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • Accumulation of urine in the vagina of a cow was diagnosed as urovagina and was classified into mild (urine only on the floor of vagina), moderate (urine covering less than or equal to half portion of the external cervical os), or severe (urine covering more than half or whole portion of the external cervical os).
  • [MeSH-major] Cattle Diseases / diagnosis. Urine. Vaginal Diseases / veterinary

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  • (PMID = 19286246.001).
  • [ISSN] 0093-691X
  • [Journal-full-title] Theriogenology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Theriogenology
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] United States
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62. Whiteside JL, Asif RB, Novello RJ: Fibrin sealant for management of complicated obstetric lacerations. Obstet Gynecol; 2010 Feb;115(2 Pt 2):403-4
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • Complicated vulvar and vaginal bleeding after vaginal delivery can be difficult to manage using traditional techniques.
  • CASE: A 21-year-old primipara, after a spontaneous vaginal delivery of a twin gestation, was found to have expanding right labial swelling and ecchymosis extending from the superior part of the labia majora to the ischial fossa that was approximately 10 cm wide.
  • CONCLUSION: Fibrin sealant may be useful for hemostasis when traditional techniques fail in complicated lacerations of the vulva and vagina associated with obstetric delivery.
  • [MeSH-major] Fibrin Tissue Adhesive / therapeutic use. Hematoma / prevention & control. Postpartum Hemorrhage / therapy. Tissue Adhesives / therapeutic use. Vagina / injuries. Vulva / injuries

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  • [CommentIn] Obstet Gynecol. 2010 Feb;115(2 Pt 2):401-2 [20093857.001]
  • (PMID = 20093858.001).
  • [ISSN] 1873-233X
  • [Journal-full-title] Obstetrics and gynecology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Obstet Gynecol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Fibrin Tissue Adhesive; 0 / Tissue Adhesives
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63. Graham K, Wright K, Cadwallader B, Reed NS, Symonds RP: 20-year retrospective review of medium dose rate intracavitary brachytherapy in VAIN3. Gynecol Oncol; 2007 Jul;106(1):105-11
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Vaginal intraepithelial neoplasia (VAIN) is an uncommon premalignant condition which can be difficult to eradicate.
  • METHODS: A retrospective review of medical records was performed 1985-2004 inclusive based on hospital admissions with an ICD-9/10 diagnosis of VAIN.
  • The majority of patients were post-menopausal smokers who presented asymptomatically following hysterectomy for cervical dysplasia/neoplasia.
  • There were 5 cases of RTOG G3 toxicity, predominantly stenosis of the vagina, and 1 case of G4 toxicity resulting in vaginal ulceration.
  • Recurrent/residual VAIN3 was documented in three patients; one of whom was successfully treated by laser ablation while the other two went on to develop invasive or micro-invasive vaginal carcinoma.
  • [MeSH-major] Brachytherapy / methods. Vaginal Neoplasms / radiotherapy

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  • (PMID = 17481703.001).
  • [ISSN] 0090-8258
  • [Journal-full-title] Gynecologic oncology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Gynecol. Oncol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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64. Li J, Fan SR, Liu XP, Li DM, Nie ZH, Li F, Lin H, Huang WM, Zong LL, Jin JG, Lei H, Bai FY: Biased genotype distributions of Candida albicans strains associated with vulvovaginal candidosis and candidal balanoposthitis in China. Clin Infect Dis; 2008 Nov 1;47(9):1119-25
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • BACKGROUND: Vulvovaginal candidosis (VVC), which is most frequently caused by Candida albicans, is one of the most common vaginal infections and is a common problem worldwide.
  • The overall frequencies of the 2 genotypes among C. albicans strains from vaginal samples from patients with VVC and from asymptomatic women were 59.1% and 24.0%, respectively (P = .002); the frequencies among patients with complicated VVC and among patients with uncomplicated VVC were 69.2% and 35.7%, respectively (P = .003).
  • CONCLUSIONS: The results suggest the existence of vaginopathic C. albicans strains with enhanced virulence and tropism for the vagina and the high possibility of sexual transmission of genital C. albicans infection.

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  • (PMID = 18808351.001).
  • [ISSN] 1537-6591
  • [Journal-full-title] Clinical infectious diseases : an official publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Clin. Infect. Dis.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / DNA, Fungal
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65. Siddiqui MA, Bhattacharjee J, Das ZC, Islam MM, Islam MA, Haque MA, Parrish JJ, Shamsuddin M: Crossbred bull selection for bigger scrotum and shorter age at puberty with potentials for better quality semen. Reprod Domest Anim; 2008 Feb;43(1):74-9
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  • The bulls being trained by seeing semen collection from mature bulls were allowed ejaculation into the artificial vagina at homosexual mount during a 20 min time at three occasions, every three months.

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  • (PMID = 18199262.001).
  • [ISSN] 0936-6768
  • [Journal-full-title] Reproduction in domestic animals = Zuchthygiene
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Reprod. Domest. Anim.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Germany
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66. Seeger AR, Windschall A, Lotter M, Mehlhorn G, Beckmann MW, Sauer R, Strnad V: The role of interstitial brachytherapy in the treatment of vaginal and vulvar malignancies. Strahlenther Onkol; 2006 Mar;182(3):142-8
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  • [Title] The role of interstitial brachytherapy in the treatment of vaginal and vulvar malignancies.
  • BACKGROUND: Irradiation has established itself as a treatment for vulvar and vaginal malignancies.
  • Due to the sensitive nature of the vulvar and vaginal tissues, interstitial brachytherapy (iBT) provides an effective, gentle and individualized therapy.
  • PATIENTS AND METHODS: Patients with vulvar (nine of 22) and vaginal (13 of 22) malignancies were treated using interstitial pulsed-dose-rate brachytherapy (PDR-iBT).
  • The median total PDR dose administered to patients with vaginal malignancies amounted to 20.25 Gy.
  • RESULTS: The median follow-up time for patients with vulvar cancer was 19 months and for patients with vaginal malignancies 27 months.
  • After 6 months, 77.8% of the patients with vulvar cancer (seven out of nine) and 100% of the patients with vaginal malignancies (13 out of 13) achieved complete local remission.
  • One patient out of nine with vulvar carcinoma developed local recurrence, four out of nine regional recurrence, and two out of nine developed regional recurrence and had local tumor following therapy.
  • In patients with malignancies of the vagina, no cases of local recurrence were observed, but distant metastases were found in five out of 13 patients.
  • At the time of analysis, eleven out of 22 patients with vulvar or vaginal carcinoma were still alive.
  • [MeSH-major] Brachytherapy / methods. Vaginal Neoplasms / radiotherapy. Vulvar Neoplasms / radiotherapy
  • [MeSH-minor] Equipment Design. Female. Humans. Neoplasm Staging. Radiotherapy Dosage. Recurrence. Retrospective Studies

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  • (PMID = 16520908.001).
  • [ISSN] 0179-7158
  • [Journal-full-title] Strahlentherapie und Onkologie : Organ der Deutschen Röntgengesellschaft ... [et al]
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Strahlenther Onkol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Germany
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67. Perry GA, Perry BL: GnRH treatment at artificial insemination in beef cattle fails to increase plasma progesterone concentrations or pregnancy rates. Theriogenology; 2009 Mar 15;71(5):775-9
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  • Two hundred ninety-three heifers at four locations were synchronized with the Select Synch plus CIDR protocol (given GnRH and a CIDR was placed into the vagina, and 7 d later, given PGF(2alpha) and CIDR removed; n=253) or the 14-19 melengestrol acetate (MGA) protocol (MGA fed at 0.5mg/head/d for 14 d, with PGF(2alpha) 19 d after MGA withdrawal n=40) and AI was done after detection of estrus.

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  • (PMID = 19004487.001).
  • [ISSN] 0093-691X
  • [Journal-full-title] Theriogenology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Theriogenology
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 33515-09-2 / Gonadotropin-Releasing Hormone; 4G7DS2Q64Y / Progesterone; 4W5HDS3936 / Melengestrol Acetate; B7IN85G1HY / Dinoprost
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68. Mohammad A, Makaju R: Retrospective histopathological analysis of various neoplasms of the female reproductive system (FRS) seen at the Kathmandu University Teaching Hospital, (KUTH) Dhulikhel, Nepal. Kathmandu Univ Med J (KUMJ); 2006 Jan-Mar;4(1):48-53
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  • [Title] Retrospective histopathological analysis of various neoplasms of the female reproductive system (FRS) seen at the Kathmandu University Teaching Hospital, (KUTH) Dhulikhel, Nepal.
  • OBJECTIVE: To find out the spectrum of various histopathological types of primary neoplasms of different parts/organs of the female reproductive system seen at the Kathmandu University Teaching Hospital (KUTH) as there exists a worldwide wide variation in the distribution of various neoplasms, which appears largely due to exogenous factors rather than due to inherent differences between populations.
  • All neoplasms of the female reproductive system seen at the KUTH during the period of 20 months from 1st January 2004 to 31st August 2005 were included in this study and examined by light microscope (LM).
  • RESULTS: A total number of 60 cases of neoplasms of the female reproductive system were seen.
  • Out of these, 1 (1.7%) was of the vagina (squamous cell carcinoma, papillary variant); 16 (26.7%) were of the cervix of the uterus (all squamous cell carcinoma in advanced stage); none were of the endometrium; 20 (33.3%) were of the body of the uterus/uterine muscle (all liomyomas); 16 (26.7%) were of the ovary, (11 benign, consisting of nine mature cystic tertoma, also known as dermoid cyst, one serous papillary cystdenoma and one mucinous cystadenoma; and, five malignant, consisting of two serous cystadenocarcinoma, two mucinous cystadenocarcinoma and one mixed mucinous and serous cystadenocarcinoma); and, 7 (11.6%) were of the breast (two benign, consisting of fibroadenoma and five malignant, all consisting of infiltrating ductal carcinoma in advanced stage).
  • [MeSH-major] Genital Neoplasms, Female / pathology
  • [MeSH-minor] Adenocarcinoma / pathology. Breast Neoplasms / pathology. Carcinoma, Ductal / pathology. Carcinoma, Squamous Cell / pathology. Cystadenocarcinoma / pathology. Cystadenoma / pathology. Female. Fibroadenoma / pathology. Humans. Leiomyoma / pathology. Nepal. Ovarian Neoplasms / pathology. Retrospective Studies. Uterine Cervical Neoplasms / pathology. Uterine Neoplasms / pathology. Vaginal Neoplasms / pathology

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  • (PMID = 18603868.001).
  • [ISSN] 1812-2027
  • [Journal-full-title] Kathmandu University medical journal (KUMJ)
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Kathmandu Univ Med J (KUMJ)
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Nepal
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69. Moura AA, Chapman DA, Killian GJ: Proteins of the accessory sex glands associated with the oocyte-penetrating capacity of cauda epididymal sperm from holstein bulls of documented fertility. Mol Reprod Dev; 2007 Feb;74(2):214-22
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  • Sire fertility was based on nonreturn rates (NNR) and AGF collected by artificial vagina from bulls with cannulated vasa deferentia.


70. Roberton AM, Wiggins R, Horner PJ, Greenwood R, Crowley T, Fernandes A, Berry M, Corfield AP: A novel bacterial mucinase, glycosulfatase, is associated with bacterial vaginosis. J Clin Microbiol; 2005 Nov;43(11):5504-8
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  • The modifications to the vaginal habitat accompanying a change to vaginal flora in bacterial vaginosis (BV) are poorly understood.
  • One high vaginal swab (HVS) was used to prepare a gram-stained smear to determine BV status, using Ison and Hay's criteria, and a separate swab was used for the purposes of the assays.
  • The results are consistent with the hypothesis that the consortium of bacteria present in BV requires the ability to break down mucins in order to colonize the vagina and replace the normal lactobacilli.
  • [MeSH-major] Sulfatases / analysis. Vagina / enzymology. Vaginosis, Bacterial / metabolism

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  • (PMID = 16272477.001).
  • [ISSN] 0095-1137
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of clinical microbiology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Clin. Microbiol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Comparative Study; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Mucins; EC 3.1.6.- / Sulfatases; EC 3.1.6.3 / glycosulphatase; EC 3.2.1.18 / Neuraminidase
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC1287821
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71. Matthews KS: Looks can be deceiving. Obstet Gynecol; 2007 Jun;109(6):1449, 1462-3
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  • CASE: A 36-year-old white female presented with heavy vaginal bleeding, pelvic pain, and an exophytic cervical mass extending to the anterior vaginal wall.
  • She underwent cold knife cone with biopsies of the vagina.
  • The final pathology helped establish the true diagnosis.
  • CONCLUSION: The accurate diagnosis of rare tumors requires a broad differential diagnosis and careful review of the pathologic findings and clinical scenario.
  • [MeSH-major] Dysgerminoma / diagnosis. Gonadal Dysgenesis, 46,XY / diagnosis. Gonadoblastoma / diagnosis. Ovarian Neoplasms / diagnosis
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Diagnosis, Differential. Female. Humans

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  • (PMID = 17540823.001).
  • [ISSN] 0029-7844
  • [Journal-full-title] Obstetrics and gynecology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Obstet Gynecol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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72. Maharaj NR, Nimako D, Hadley GP: Multimodal therapy for the initial management of genital embryonal rhabdomyosarcoma in childhood. Int J Gynecol Cancer; 2008 Jan-Feb;18(1):190-2
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  • A polypoid form of the embryonal type of rhabdomyosarcoma, namely, sarcoma botryoides, is often found in girls younger than 5 years, and typically presents as a polypoid mass protruding from the vagina.
  • [MeSH-major] Pelvic Neoplasms / therapy. Rhabdomyosarcoma, Embryonal / therapy

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  • (PMID = 17511807.001).
  • [ISSN] 1525-1438
  • [Journal-full-title] International journal of gynecological cancer : official journal of the International Gynecological Cancer Society
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Int. J. Gynecol. Cancer
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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73. Hoekstra AV, Lurain JR, Rademaker AW, Schink JC: Gestational trophoblastic neoplasia: treatment outcomes. Obstet Gynecol; 2008 Aug;112(2 Pt 1):251-8
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  • [Title] Gestational trophoblastic neoplasia: treatment outcomes.
  • OBJECTIVE: To report the results of treatment of gestational trophoblastic neoplasia (GTN) at the John I.
  • METHODS: We reviewed the records of 408 patients with GTN (excluding placental-site tumors) treated at the Brewer Center from 1979 to 2006.
  • 2) metastatic site other than the lung or vagina (76% compared with 31%; OR 0.05, 95% CI 0.02-0.13);.
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols / therapeutic use. Female. Humans. Logistic Models. Lung Neoplasms / pathology. Pregnancy. Prognosis. Retrospective Studies. Survival Analysis. Treatment Outcome. Vaginal Neoplasms / pathology

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  • (PMID = 18669719.001).
  • [ISSN] 0029-7844
  • [Journal-full-title] Obstetrics and gynecology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Obstet Gynecol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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74. Kossack N, Simoni M, Richter-Unruh A, Themmen AP, Gromoll J: Mutations in a novel, cryptic exon of the luteinizing hormone/chorionic gonadotropin receptor gene cause male pseudohermaphroditism. PLoS Med; 2008 Apr 22;5(4):e88
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  • BACKGROUND: Male pseudohermaphroditism, or Leydig cell hypoplasia (LCH), is an autosomal recessive disorder in individuals with a 46,XY karyotype, characterized by a predominantly female phenotype, a blind-ending vagina, absence of breast development, primary amenorrhea, and the presence of testicular structures.

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  • (PMID = 18433292.001).
  • [ISSN] 1549-1676
  • [Journal-full-title] PLoS medicine
  • [ISO-abbreviation] PLoS Med.
  • [Language] ENG
  • [Grant] United States / NIDDK NIH HHS / DK / R01 DK069711; United States / NIDDK NIH HHS / DK / DK069711
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Receptors, LH; 9002-67-9 / Luteinizing Hormone
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC2323302
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75. Kumar D, Joshi A, Naqvi SM, Kumar S, Mishra AK, Maurya VP, Arora AL, Mittal JP, Singh VK: Sperm motion characteristics of GarolexMalpura sheep evolved in a semi-arid tropical environment through introgression of FecB gene. Anim Reprod Sci; 2007 Jul;100(1-2):51-60
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  • Semen was collected during autumn season from 12 donor rams by artificial vagina on 8 occasions at weekly interval.

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  • (PMID = 16911862.001).
  • [ISSN] 0378-4320
  • [Journal-full-title] Animal reproduction science
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Anim. Reprod. Sci.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Netherlands
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76. Gembal P, Grzegorczyk W, Grabowski B, Milik K, Pajak M, Bielecki K: [Vaginal eviscentration with secondary strangulation of small bowel]. Wiad Lek; 2007;60(11-12):587-9
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  • [Title] [Vaginal eviscentration with secondary strangulation of small bowel].
  • A case of 81 year old patient with eviscentration through vagina with a strangulation of small bowel was described.
  • Woman was qualified to an urgent laparotomy, and the hole about 15 mm length in vaginal posterior vault was found.
  • The hole in vagina was also closed by the continuous suture from the perineal side.
  • [MeSH-major] Intestine, Small. Vagina

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  • (PMID = 18540188.001).
  • [ISSN] 0043-5147
  • [Journal-full-title] Wiadomości lekarskie (Warsaw, Poland : 1960)
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Wiad. Lek.
  • [Language] pol
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Poland
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77. Hinsinger DD, Justine JL: Pseudorhabdosynochus venus n. sp. (Monogenea: Diplectanidae) from Epinephelus howlandi (Perciformes: Serranidae) off New Caledonia. Syst Parasitol; 2006 Feb;63(2):155-60
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  • The sclerotised vagina, 50-67 microm in total length, is composed of an anterior open trumpet, an S-shaped canal, a tear-shaped principal chamber and a spherical accessory chamber; all parts are heavily sclerotised.
  • The two squamodiscs have 10-11 rows of separate rodlets and no central closed row of rodlets. P. venus is differentiated from all other species of Pseudorhabdosynochus by the spectacular morphology of its sclerotised vagina.

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  • (PMID = 16718595.001).
  • [ISSN] 0165-5752
  • [Journal-full-title] Systematic parasitology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Syst. Parasitol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Netherlands
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78. Beck DE, Allen NL: Rectocele. Clin Colon Rectal Surg; 2010 Jun;23(2):90-8
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  • Rectoceles are common and involve a herniation of the rectum into the posterior vaginal wall that results in a vaginal bulge.
  • Women with rectoceles generally complain of perineal and vaginal pressure, obstructive defecation, constipation, or the need to splint or digitally reduce the vagina to effectuate a bowel movement.
  • Rectoceles are associated with age and parturition and arise from either a tear or stretching of the rectovaginal fascia, and can be repaired via a vaginal, anal, or perineal approach.

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  • (PMID = 21629626.001).
  • [ISSN] 1530-9681
  • [Journal-full-title] Clinics in colon and rectal surgery
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Clin Colon Rectal Surg
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC2967328
  • [Keywords] NOTNLM ; Rectocele / defecation disorders / posterior colporrhaphy
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79. Angulo J: Neutral endopeptidase inhibition: could it have a role in the treatment of female sexual arousal disorder? Br J Pharmacol; 2010 May;160(1):48-50
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  • [Title] Neutral endopeptidase inhibition: could it have a role in the treatment of female sexual arousal disorder?
  • Female sexual arousal disorder (FSAD) is the inability to attain or maintain an adequate lubrication-swelling response of sexual excitement.
  • The potentiation of vascular responses leading to increased blood flow in clitoris and vagina has represented the main focus in the pharmacological treatment of FSAD, including the evaluation of the type 5 phosphodiesterase (PDE5) inhibitors.

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  • [CommentOn] Br J Pharmacol. 2010 May;160(1):51-9 [20412068.001]
  • (PMID = 20412067.001).
  • [ISSN] 1476-5381
  • [Journal-full-title] British journal of pharmacology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Br. J. Pharmacol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Comment; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Pentanoic Acids; 0 / Thiadiazoles; 0 / UK-414,495; 37221-79-7 / Vasoactive Intestinal Peptide; EC 3.4.24.11 / Neprilysin
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC2860205
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80. Aronowitz JN, Robison RF: Howard Kelly establishes gynecologic brachytherapy in the United States. Brachytherapy; 2010 Apr-Jun;9(2):178-84
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  • His consummate skill as clinician, investigator, publicist, and entrepreneur established brachytherapy as the primary treatment modality for carcinoma of the cervix and vagina.
  • CONCLUSION: Principles for the management of female genital neoplasia, outlined by Howard Kelly nine decades ago, remain relevant today.
  • [MeSH-major] Brachytherapy / history. Genital Neoplasms, Female / history. Genital Neoplasms, Female / radiotherapy. Gynecology / history. Physicians / history

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  • [Copyright] (c) 2010 American Brachytherapy Society. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
  • (PMID = 20022564.001).
  • [ISSN] 1873-1449
  • [Journal-full-title] Brachytherapy
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Brachytherapy
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Biography; Historical Article; Journal Article; Portraits
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Personal-name-as-subject] Kelly HA
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81. Ferrer LM, Monteagudo LV, García de Jalón JA, Tejedor MT, Ramos JJ, Lacasta D: A case of ovine female XY sex reversal syndrome not related to anomalies in the sex-determining region Y (SRY). Cytogenet Genome Res; 2009;126(4):329-32
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  • Necropsy findings include short vagina, lack of uterus and complete absence of masculine remains.

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  • [Copyright] Copyright 2009 S. Karger AG, Basel.
  • (PMID = 19864878.001).
  • [ISSN] 1424-859X
  • [Journal-full-title] Cytogenetic and genome research
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Cytogenet. Genome Res.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Switzerland
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82. Mitsui T, Tanaka H, Moriya K, Suzuki H, Mouri G, Hashimoto A, Nonomura K: Construction of neourethra using flipped anterior bladder wall tube in a prepubertal girl with complete disruption of urethra. Urology; 2010 Jul;76(1):112-4
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  • A rare case of urethral construction using flipped anterior bladder wall tube in an 8-year-old girl with complete disruption of the urethra and vagina accompanying pelvic fracture was reported.
  • Following a split of the pubic symphysis, the vagina was reconstructed with end-to-end anastomosis.

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  • [Copyright] Copyright 2010 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
  • (PMID = 19864002.001).
  • [ISSN] 1527-9995
  • [Journal-full-title] Urology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Urology
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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83. Kumaresan A, Ansari MR, Garg A: Modulation of post-thaw sperm functions with oviductal proteins in buffaloes. Anim Reprod Sci; 2005 Nov;90(1-2):73-84
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  • Six pooled good-quality ejaculates collected by artificial vagina method from two Murrah buffalo bulls were utilized for the study.
  • After fresh semen analysis, each pooled ejaculate was splited into five parts and extended in Tris-egg yolk-citrate extender (20% egg yolk; 7% glycerol), so that final dilution yielded approximately 60 million sperm cells per ml, and cryopreserved in 0.5 ml French straws (30 million sperm cells/straw) in LN(2) (-196 degrees C).

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  • (PMID = 15950408.001).
  • [ISSN] 0378-4320
  • [Journal-full-title] Animal reproduction science
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Anim. Reprod. Sci.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Netherlands
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Hypotonic Solutions; 0 / Proteins
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84. Sinha B, Stehman F, Schilder J, Clark L, Cardenes H: Indiana University experience in the management of vaginal cancer. Int J Gynecol Cancer; 2009 May;19(4):686-93
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  • [Title] Indiana University experience in the management of vaginal cancer.
  • PURPOSE: To review our institutional experience in the treatment of primary vaginal cancer and identify predictors for outcome, in particular, recurrence rate.
  • MATERIALS AND METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed the charts of 45 patients identified as having primary squamous cell cancer and adenocarcinoma of the vagina and recorded information regarding both patient and tumor characteristics and treatment modalities.
  • The mean and the median minimum tumor doses were 7300 cGy.
  • CONCLUSIONS: Early-stage vaginal cancer can be successfully managed with radiation therapy with excellent rates of local control and survival.
  • [MeSH-major] Adenocarcinoma / therapy. Carcinoma, Squamous Cell / therapy. Vaginal Neoplasms / therapy

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  • (PMID = 19509572.001).
  • [ISSN] 1525-1438
  • [Journal-full-title] International journal of gynecological cancer : official journal of the International Gynecological Cancer Society
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Int. J. Gynecol. Cancer
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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85. Reid A, Segal A, Heyworth JS, de Klerk NH, Musk AW: Gynecologic and breast cancers in women after exposure to blue asbestos at Wittenoom. Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev; 2009 Jan;18(1):140-7
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  • Sexual intercourse may introduce asbestos fibers into the vagina and to the cervix and ovaries.
  • [MeSH-major] Asbestos, Crocidolite / toxicity. Breast Neoplasms / chemically induced. Environmental Exposure / adverse effects. Occupational Exposure / adverse effects. Ovarian Neoplasms / chemically induced. Uterine Cervical Neoplasms / chemically induced

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  • (PMID = 19124491.001).
  • [ISSN] 1055-9965
  • [Journal-full-title] Cancer epidemiology, biomarkers & prevention : a publication of the American Association for Cancer Research, cosponsored by the American Society of Preventive Oncology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Cancer Epidemiol. Biomarkers Prev.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 12001-28-4 / Asbestos, Crocidolite
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86. Morrison JE Jr, Jacobs VR: Classic intrafascial supracervical hysterectomy (CISH): 10-year experience. JSLS; 2006 Jan-Mar;10(1):26-9
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  • RESULTS: The classic intrafascial supracervical hysterectomy technique, similar to standard supracervical hysterectomy, leaves the cardinal ligament, uterosacral ligament, vascular supply, and innervation to the upper vagina and cervix intact, but unlike supracervical hysterectomy removes the transition zone and endocervical canal.
  • It is the procedure of choice when hysterectomy is indicated for benign disease.

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  • (PMID = 16709352.001).
  • [ISSN] 1086-8089
  • [Journal-full-title] JSLS : Journal of the Society of Laparoendoscopic Surgeons
  • [ISO-abbreviation] JSLS
  • [Language] ENG
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC3015665
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87. Choi YS, Kim YH, Kang S, Jeon YT, Kim JW, Park NH, Song YS, Kang SB, Lee HP: Feasibility of radical surgery in the management of elderly patients with uterine cervical cancer in Korea. Gynecol Obstet Invest; 2005;59(3):165-70
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  • The pathologist's report indicated a positive resection margin of the vagina in 6 cases of group B but none in group A.
  • The difference in parametrial involvement, lymph node involvement, lymphovascular space invasion, deep cervical wall involvement and larger tumor with a diameter >4 cm was not significant.
  • [MeSH-major] Aging. Hysterectomy / contraindications. Uterine Cervical Neoplasms / surgery
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Aged. Blood Loss, Surgical. Blood Transfusion. Feasibility Studies. Female. Humans. Hypertension / complications. Intraoperative Complications / epidemiology. Korea. Length of Stay. Lymphatic Metastasis. Middle Aged. Neoplasm Invasiveness. Neoplasm Staging. Postoperative Complications / epidemiology. Retrospective Studies. Time Factors


88. Pierce LM, Grunlan MA, Hou Y, Baumann SS, Kuehl TJ, Muir TW: Biomechanical properties of synthetic and biologic graft materials following long-term implantation in the rabbit abdomen and vagina. Am J Obstet Gynecol; 2009 May;200(5):549.e1-8
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  • [Title] Biomechanical properties of synthetic and biologic graft materials following long-term implantation in the rabbit abdomen and vagina.
  • STUDY DESIGN: A total of 35 rabbits underwent ovariectomy or sham laparotomy and were implanted with polypropylene (PP) mesh (n = 17) or cross-linked porcine dermis (PS) (n = 18) in the vagina and abdomen.
  • Vaginal PP grafts shrunk more (P < .001) and were less stiff than abdominal PP grafts (P = .049) but were not different in strength (P = .19).
  • [MeSH-major] Abdomen / surgery. Biocompatible Materials. Dermis / transplantation. Postoperative Complications / physiopathology. Surgical Mesh. Vagina / surgery

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  • (PMID = 19285647.001).
  • [ISSN] 1097-6868
  • [Journal-full-title] American journal of obstetrics and gynecology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Am. J. Obstet. Gynecol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Biocompatible Materials; 0 / Polypropylenes
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89. Subissi A, Monti D, Togni G, Mailland F: Ciclopirox: recent nonclinical and clinical data relevant to its use as a topical antimycotic agent. Drugs; 2010 Nov 12;70(16):2133-52
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  • Ciclopirox, and its olamine salt, is available in multiple topical formulations, suitable for administration onto the skin and nails and into the vagina.
  • Ciclopirox was first developed for fungal skin infections and vaginal candidiasis, and is currently well established in these indications.
  • Mild local reactions characterized by a burning sensation of the skin, irritation, redness, pain or pruritus, generally in less than 5% of treated patients, can be observed following skin and vaginal application.

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  • (PMID = 20964457.001).
  • [ISSN] 1179-1950
  • [Journal-full-title] Drugs
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Drugs
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] New Zealand
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Anti-Bacterial Agents; 0 / Antifungal Agents; 0 / Pyridones; 19W019ZDRJ / ciclopirox
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90. Tang Y, Zhou C, Li Y, Li Q, Li F, Zhao M, Yang Z: [Application of labium minus flaps in vaginal plastic surgery]. Zhongguo Xiu Fu Chong Jian Wai Ke Za Zhi; 2009 Apr;23(4):448-50
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] [Application of labium minus flaps in vaginal plastic surgery].
  • OBJECTIVE: To investigate the surgical procedures and outcomes of repairing the wound in the posterior wall of vaginal orifice by labium minus flap transfer, when vagina tightening plastic surgery is performed on the patient with scar in the posterior wall of vaginal orifice and labium minus hypertrophy.
  • METHODS: From May 2007 to May 2008, 10 patients suffering from postpartum vaginal relaxation combined with scar in the posterior wall of vaginal orifice and labium minus hypertrophy were treated.
  • Vaginal tightening surgery was performed, meanwhile the hypertrophic labium minus was prepared into the anterior-pedicle labium minus flap (4 cm x 1 cm - 5 cm x 1 cm) and the posterior-pedicle labium minus flap (3 cm x 2 cm - 4 cm x 3 cm), respectively.
  • Over the follow-up period of 2-8 months, all the patients were satisfied with their vulva configuration, good elasticity of vaginal orifice and no tenderness pain of vaginal orifice.
  • CONCLUSION: Transferring labium minus flap to vaginal orifice is an effective way to improve the coital pain resulted from the scar of vaginal orifice.
  • [MeSH-major] Surgery, Plastic / methods. Vagina / surgery

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  • (PMID = 19431985.001).
  • [ISSN] 1002-1892
  • [Journal-full-title] Zhongguo xiu fu chong jian wai ke za zhi = Zhongguo xiufu chongjian waike zazhi = Chinese journal of reparative and reconstructive surgery
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Zhongguo Xiu Fu Chong Jian Wai Ke Za Zhi
  • [Language] chi
  • [Publication-type] English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] China
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91. Tsujioka S, Ban Y, Wise LD, Tsuchiya T, Sato T, Matsue K, Ikeda T, Sasaki M, Nishikibe M: Collaborative work on evaluation of ovarian toxicity. 3) Effects of 2- or 4- week repeated-dose toxicity and fertility studies with tamoxifen in female rats. J Toxicol Sci; 2009;34 Suppl 1:SP43-51
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  • The treatment induced estrogenic and antiestrogenic reactions in the uterus, while mucinous degeneration was detected in the vagina.
  • [MeSH-minor] Administration, Oral. Animals. Body Weight / drug effects. Drug Administration Schedule. Eating / drug effects. Estrous Cycle / drug effects. Estrous Cycle / physiology. Female. Japan. Longevity / drug effects. Male. Organ Size / drug effects. Ovarian Follicle / drug effects. Ovarian Follicle / pathology. Pregnancy. Public-Private Sector Partnerships. Rats. Rats, Sprague-Dawley. Rats, Wistar. Societies, Scientific. Uterus / drug effects. Uterus / pathology. Vagina / drug effects. Vagina / pathology

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  • (PMID = 19265288.001).
  • [ISSN] 1880-3989
  • [Journal-full-title] The Journal of toxicological sciences
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Toxicol Sci
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Japan
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Selective Estrogen Receptor Modulators; 094ZI81Y45 / Tamoxifen
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92. Zamiri MJ, Heidari AH: Reproductive characteristics of Rayini male goats of Kerman province in Iran. Anim Reprod Sci; 2006 Nov;96(1-2):176-85
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  • An artificial vagina was used to collect semen from 14 native Iranian Rayini goats, at 15-day intervals starting on 1 July and ending on 30 December 2000.

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  • (PMID = 16413152.001).
  • [ISSN] 0378-4320
  • [Journal-full-title] Animal reproduction science
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Anim. Reprod. Sci.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Netherlands
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 9NEZ333N27 / Sodium; EC 1.1.1.27 / L-Lactate Dehydrogenase; RWP5GA015D / Potassium
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93. Fulciniti F, Ascierto PA, Simeone E, Bove P, Losito S, Russo S, Gallo MS, Greggi S: Nevoid melanoma of the vagina: report of one case diagnosed on thin layer cytological preparations. Cytojournal; 2007;4:14
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Nevoid melanoma of the vagina: report of one case diagnosed on thin layer cytological preparations.
  • BACKGROUND: Primary melanoma of the vagina is an extremely rare neoplasm with approximately 250 reported cases in the world literature 1234.
  • The aim of this paper is to describe the cytomorphological presentation of primary vaginal melanoma on LBP since it has not previously been reported up to now, to our knowledge.
  • CASE PRESENTATION: a 79-y-o female complaining of vulvar itching and yellowish vaginal discharge underwent a complete gynaecological evaluation during which a LBP cytological sample was taken from a suspicious whitish mass protruding into the vaginal lumen.
  • A cytopathological diagnosis of amelanotic melanoma was rendered.
  • Thin layer preparations may enhance the diagnostic cytomorphological clues to its diagnosis and may permit an adequate immunocytochemical characterization of the neoplasm.

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  • (PMID = 17608945.001).
  • [ISSN] 1742-6413
  • [Journal-full-title] CytoJournal
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Cytojournal
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC1934920
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94. García López F: [Vicissitudes of a humble inventor]. Arch Esp Urol; 2007 Oct;60(8):1009-13
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Transliterated title] Vicisitudes de un sencillo inventor.
  • Retropubic fixation of the vagina with a stapler specifically designed, using the pubis' symphysis as the site for anchoring.
  • The instrument was patented in the Spanish Office of Patents and Trademarks in July 1992 with the category of invention patent because there were no previous mechanized procedures for vaginal fixation.

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  • (PMID = 18050768.001).
  • [ISSN] 0004-0614
  • [Journal-full-title] Archivos españoles de urología
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Arch. Esp. Urol.
  • [Language] spa
  • [Publication-type] Autobiography; Biography; English Abstract; Historical Article; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Spain
  • [Personal-name-as-subject] García López F
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95. Nishiyama S, Okudaira M, Saito N: Mechanisms of rolipram-induced increase in the incidence of mammary adenocarcinoma: histopathological study of a 104-week oral carcinogenicity study in female Sprague-Dawley rats. Arch Toxicol; 2006 Feb;80(2):88-97
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • The present study was carried out to elucidate the mechanisms behind an increase in the incidence of malignant or multiple mammary tumors as a result of oral administration of rolipram in a 104-week carcinogenicity study.
  • No treatment-related effects were seen in males; however, in females, there was a significant increase in the number of malignant or multiple mammary tumor bearers at a dose of 2.0 mg/kg.
  • No other target organs were identified and the incidence of other tumor types were within the female control range.
  • To clarify the mechanisms behind a rolipram-induced increase in the incidence of mammary adenocarcinoma at time points earlier than 104 weeks, the hormonal changes associated with pituitary adenoma were identified, and estrous cycling in the ovary, uterus, and vagina were examined in female rats treated with rolipram for 52 weeks.
  • Changes in estrous cycling in the uterus and vagina and a decrease in the size and number of corpora lutea in the ovaries of female rats treated with rolipram at 2.0 mg/kg for 52 weeks indicated that an increase in the estrus phase of the cycle corresponded to a marked decrease in the diestrus phase, which might result from the increased plasma estrogen concentration.
  • [MeSH-major] Adenocarcinoma / chemically induced. Mammary Neoplasms, Experimental / chemically induced. Phosphodiesterase Inhibitors / toxicity. Pituitary Neoplasms / chemically induced. Prolactinoma / chemically induced. Rolipram / toxicity

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  • (PMID = 16167140.001).
  • [ISSN] 0340-5761
  • [Journal-full-title] Archives of toxicology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Arch. Toxicol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Germany
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Phosphodiesterase Inhibitors; 4TI98Z838E / Estradiol; 9002-62-4 / Prolactin; K676NL63N7 / Rolipram
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96. Mouritsen L: Classification and evaluation of prolapse. Best Pract Res Clin Obstet Gynaecol; 2005 Dec;19(6):895-911
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • A specific symptom is a bulge outside the vagina.
  • Prolapse should be measured by the validated internationally approved pelvic organ prolapse quantification (POPQ) system that can measure prolapse in the three compartments and three levels of the vagina.
  • [MeSH-minor] Coitus / psychology. Constipation / etiology. Fecal Incontinence / etiology. Fecal Incontinence / therapy. Female. Humans. Pelvic Floor / anatomy & histology. Prevalence. Prolapse. Rectocele / etiology. Urinary Bladder Diseases / classification. Urinary Incontinence / etiology. Urinary Incontinence / therapy. Uterus / anatomy & histology. Uterus / pathology. Vagina / anatomy & histology. Vagina / pathology

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  • (PMID = 16185930.001).
  • [ISSN] 1521-6934
  • [Journal-full-title] Best practice & research. Clinical obstetrics & gynaecology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Best Pract Res Clin Obstet Gynaecol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Number-of-references] 101
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97. Małolepsza-Jarmołowska K: Studies on gynecological hydrophilic lactic acid preparations. Part 8: use of chitosan as lactic acid carrier in intravaginal tablets. Acta Pol Pharm; 2007 Jan-Feb;64(1):69-72
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • A high flow-limit of the gel that originates from the tablets as well as its dynamic viscosity should allow for the durable dosage form in the vagina.
  • These gels possess an acid reserve that might act to neutralize the excess of alkali present in severe vaginal infections.
  • [MeSH-minor] Adhesives. Administration, Intravaginal. Female. Gels. Humans. Hydrogen-Ion Concentration. Methylcellulose / chemistry. Tablets. Vagina / chemistry. Viscosity

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  • (PMID = 17665853.001).
  • [ISSN] 0001-6837
  • [Journal-full-title] Acta poloniae pharmaceutica
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Acta Pol Pharm
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] Poland
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Adhesives; 0 / Drug Carriers; 0 / Gels; 0 / Tablets; 33X04XA5AT / Lactic Acid; 9004-67-5 / Methylcellulose; 9012-76-4 / Chitosan
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98. Viozzi GP, Marin SL, Carvajal J, Brugni N, Mancilla M: A new genus of dactylogyrid from the gills of Galaxias maculatus (Osmeriformes: Galaxiidae) in Maullín Basin, Patagonia, Chile. J Parasitol; 2007 Jun;93(3):542-4
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • This species is described as the only member of a proposed new genus, Inserotrema n. gen. (Dactylogyridae, Ancyrocephalinae), characterized by similar hooks with 2 subunits, overlapping gonads, coiled cirrus with counterclockwise rings, articulated accessory piece formed by 2 parts, a needlelike sclerite threading the distal part of the MCO, and a sclerotized midventral vagina.

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  • (PMID = 17626345.001).
  • [ISSN] 0022-3395
  • [Journal-full-title] The Journal of parasitology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Parasitol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] United States
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99. Matsushita H, Takayanagi T, Ikarashi H: Ectopic pregnancy following emergency contraception with ethinyloestradiol-levonorgestrel: a case report. Eur J Contracept Reprod Health Care; 2007 Jun;12(2):184-6
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • CASE: A 21-year-old nulligravid Japanese woman with regular menstrual periods took ethinyloestradiol-levonorgestrel pills for emergency contraception (EC) 36 and 48 hours after a coitus complicated by retention of the condom in the vagina.

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  • (PMID = 17559018.001).
  • [ISSN] 1362-5187
  • [Journal-full-title] The European journal of contraception & reproductive health care : the official journal of the European Society of Contraception
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Eur J Contracept Reprod Health Care
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Contraceptives, Oral, Synthetic; 0 / Estrogens; 423D2T571U / Ethinyl Estradiol; 5W7SIA7YZW / Levonorgestrel
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100. Steidler L: Delivery of therapeutic proteins to the mucosa using genetically modified microflora. Expert Opin Drug Deliv; 2005 Jul;2(4):737-46
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • This concept is being developed for the delivery of proteins to the intestine, but has also been applied in delivery to the vagina, nose and mouth.
  • [MeSH-minor] Animals. Antibodies / genetics. Cytokines / genetics. Female. Genetic Engineering. Humans. Intestinal Mucosa / metabolism. Mouth Mucosa / metabolism. Nasal Mucosa / metabolism. Vagina / metabolism

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  • (PMID = 16296798.001).
  • [ISSN] 1742-5247
  • [Journal-full-title] Expert opinion on drug delivery
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Expert Opin Drug Deliv
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Antibodies; 0 / Cytokines; 0 / Proteins
  • [Number-of-references] 74
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