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1. Ortega Castillo VM, Velázquez Sánchez Mdel P, Kunhardt Rasch JR: [Urethral erosion secondary to the placing of tension-free vaginal tape. A case report]. Ginecol Obstet Mex; 2009 Aug;77(8):393-5
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] [Urethral erosion secondary to the placing of tension-free vaginal tape. A case report].
  • [Transliterated title] Erosión uretral secundaria a la colocación de una cinta vaginal libre de tensión. Reporte de un caso.
  • Urethral erosion is an uncommon complication which presents in around 0.9% of the cases after the procedure.
  • CASE: Female of 68-year-old with an urodynamic diagnosis of type II stress urinary incontinence treated surgically with a tension free vaginal tape in February 2003 without any intraoperative complications.
  • A cystoscopy was performed with the following findings: the tape was found in 25% of the right lower quadrant mid third of the urethra, the tape was cut vaginally without any further complications.
  • [MeSH-major] Suburethral Slings / adverse effects. Urethra / injuries

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  • (PMID = 19902631.001).
  • [ISSN] 0300-9041
  • [Journal-full-title] Ginecología y obstetricia de México
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Ginecol Obstet Mex
  • [Language] spa
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Mexico
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2. Nagele U, Kuczyk M, Anastasiadis AG, Sievert KD, Seibold J, Stenzl A: Radical cystectomy and orthotopic bladder replacement in females. Eur Urol; 2006 Aug;50(2):249-57
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • INTRODUCTION: More than 15 years ago, several centers started to offer urethra-sparing cystectomy and orthotopic urinary diversion for female patients with bladder malignancies.

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  • [CommentIn] Eur Urol. 2007 Mar;51(3):862-3; author reply 863-4 [17069965.001]
  • (PMID = 16806663.001).
  • [ISSN] 0302-2838
  • [Journal-full-title] European urology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Eur. Urol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Switzerland
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3. Sumino Y, Emoto A, Satoh F, Nakagawa M, Mimata H: Transitional cell carcinoma of the navicular fossa detected human papillomavirus 16. Int J Urol; 2006 May;13(5):645-7
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • We detected the expression of human papillomavirus type 16 specific DNA sequence in the tumor using polymerase chain reaction.
  • Human papillomavirus dissemination into the urethra by urethral instrumentation might cause urethral tumors, such as squamous cell carcinoma or condyloma acuminatum, and also transitional cell carcinoma as seen in the present case.
  • [MeSH-major] Carcinoma, Transitional Cell / complications. Carcinoma, Transitional Cell / virology. Human papillomavirus 16 / physiology. Papillomavirus Infections / complications. Papillomavirus Infections / virology. Urethral Neoplasms / complications. Urethral Neoplasms / virology

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  • (PMID = 16771747.001).
  • [ISSN] 0919-8172
  • [Journal-full-title] International journal of urology : official journal of the Japanese Urological Association
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Int. J. Urol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Australia
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4. Shafik A, Shafik IA, El Sibai O, Shafik AA: An electrophysiologic study of female ejaculation. J Sex Marital Ther; 2009;35(5):337-46
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • The female orgasm was not associated with the appearance of fluid coming out of the vagina or urethra.

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  • (PMID = 20183002.001).
  • [ISSN] 1521-0715
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of sex & marital therapy
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Sex Marital Ther
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] England
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5. Kimura T, Miyazato M, Kawai S, Hokama S, Sugaya K, Ogawa Y: Urethral polyp in a young girl: a case report. Hinyokika Kiyo; 2007 Sep;53(9):657-9
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Urethral polyp in a young girl: a case report.
  • Urethral polyps are rarely found in young girls.
  • A total of 12 urethral polyps have been described in young girls in the English literature to date.
  • Here we present a case of urethral polyp that was detected in the distal urethra of a 12-year-girl.
  • On examination, a 15 x 9 mm polypoid mass with a 7 mm pedicle was seen protruding from the urethral meatus.
  • These findings were similar to those of urethral caruncles in postmenopausal female.
  • [MeSH-major] Polyps / pathology. Urethral Diseases / pathology

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  • (PMID = 17933145.001).
  • [ISSN] 0018-1994
  • [Journal-full-title] Hinyokika kiyo. Acta urologica Japonica
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Hinyokika Kiyo
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] Japan
  • [Number-of-references] 10
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6. Barnes S, Ben Chaim J, Kessler A: Postcircumcision necrosis of the glans penis: gray-scale and color Doppler sonographic findings. J Clin Ultrasound; 2007 Feb;35(2):105-7
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • Based on the clinical absence of impairment of micturition on gray-scale and color Doppler sonographic findings, which showed the relatively superficial necrosis of the skin layers without underlying damage to the corpora cavernosa or urethra, a conservative approach was chosen with a good prognosis.

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  • [Copyright] (c) 2006 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
  • (PMID = 17195193.001).
  • [ISSN] 0091-2751
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of clinical ultrasound : JCU
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Clin Ultrasound
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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7. Norton P, Brubaker L: Urinary incontinence in women. Lancet; 2006 Jan 7;367(9504):57-67
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • Urine storage and emptying is a complex coordination between the bladder and urethra, and disturbances in the system due to childbirth, aging, or other medical conditions can lead to urinary incontinence.


8. Zhang Y, Sweet RM, Metzger GJ, Burke D, Erdman AG, Timm GW: Advanced finite element mesh model of female SUI research during physical and daily activities. Stud Health Technol Inform; 2009;142:447-52
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • The advanced female pelvis FE model was developed by using this procedure which consisted of over 35 anatomical parts including: 10 pelvic muscles, 10 pelvic ligaments, 6 pelvic bones, skin, fat tissue, bladder, urethra, uterus, vagina, colon, rectum, anus etc. basically all the major parts of the female pelvis.

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  • (PMID = 19377205.001).
  • [ISSN] 0926-9630
  • [Journal-full-title] Studies in health technology and informatics
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Stud Health Technol Inform
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.
  • [Publication-country] Netherlands
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9. Pinto F, Calarco A, Brescia A, Sacco E, D'Addessi A, Racioppi M, Bassi PF: [Regenerative medicine: applications and development in urology]. Urologia; 2007 Oct-Dec;74(4):197-205
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  • Regenerative medicine and tissue engineering scientists have increasingly applied the principles of cell transplantation, materials science and bioengineering to construct biological substitutes that will restore and maintain normal function in urological diseased and injured tissues such as kidney, ureter, bladder, urethra and penis.

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  • (PMID = 21086380.001).
  • [ISSN] 0391-5603
  • [Journal-full-title] Urologia
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Urologia
  • [Language] ita
  • [Publication-type] English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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10. Im YJ, Hong CH, Jin MH, Lee BH, Han SW: c-fos expression in bladder-specific spinal neurons after spinal cord injury using pseudorabies virus. Yonsei Med J; 2008 Jun 30;49(3):479-85
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • We believe that our methodology can be applied to study interactions between voiding and other organs as well, such as the urethra and prostate.

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  • (PMID = 18581599.001).
  • [ISSN] 0513-5796
  • [Journal-full-title] Yonsei medical journal
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Yonsei Med. J.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] Korea (South)
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-fos
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11. Pace G, Vicentini C: Female sexual function evaluation of the tension-free vaginal tape (TVT) and transobturator suburethral tape (TOT) incontinence surgery: results of a prospective study. J Sex Med; 2008 Feb;5(2):387-93
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • The use of a tension-free vaginal tape (TVT), placed transvaginally under the mid-urethra, ensures to reacquire continence but could affect sexual function.


12. Alam S, Levitt MA, Sheldon CA, Peña A: The posterior sagittal approach for recurrent genitourinary pathology. J Urol; 2007 Oct;178(4 Pt 2):1668-71; discussion 1671
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • We have used this approach to treat müllerian remnants, acquired or congenital fistulas and acquired urethral strictures.
  • RESULTS: All cases were approached with a posterior sagittal incision to facilitate exposure after failed prior surgical attempts to treat traumatic strictures of the proximal urethra in 4 and müllerian remnants in 8 (group 1).
  • In group 2 there were 19 urethral diverticula, 8 strictures and 31 persistent rectourethral fistulas.

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  • (PMID = 17707027.001).
  • [ISSN] 0022-5347
  • [Journal-full-title] The Journal of urology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Urol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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13. Sciarra A, Salciccia S, Albanesi L, Cardi A, D'Eramo G, Di Silverio F: Use of cyclooxygenase-2 inhibitor for prevention of urethral strictures secondary to transurethral resection of the prostate. Urology; 2005 Dec;66(6):1218-22
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Use of cyclooxygenase-2 inhibitor for prevention of urethral strictures secondary to transurethral resection of the prostate.
  • OBJECTIVES: To analyze whether the addition of a cyclooxygenase (COX)-2 inhibitor after transurethral resection of the prostate (TURP) offers an advantage compared with TURP alone in reducing postoperative urethral strictures.
  • At urethroscopy, stenosis of the urethra with a circumference of less than 19 mm was defined as stricture.
  • Between December 2001 and December 2003, 96 consecutive men with benign prostatic hyperplasia underwent TURP.
  • A diagnosis of postoperative urethral stricture was assessed during a follow-up of 12 months.
  • At 1 year of follow-up, a urethral stricture had been diagnosed in 8.3% of all cases; in particular, in 17% and 0% of cases in the no COX inhibitor group and COX-2 inhibitor group, respectively.
  • Post-TURP COX-2 inhibitor therapy was significantly (P = 0.0039) and inversely (r = -0.2876) associated with urethral stricture development.
  • CONCLUSIONS: We suggest that limited postoperative treatment with a COX-2 inhibitor can effectively prevent post-TURP urethral stricture development by specifically interfering with the inflammatory processes that can precede scar formation.
  • [MeSH-major] Cyclooxygenase 2 Inhibitors / therapeutic use. Lactones / therapeutic use. Sulfones / therapeutic use. Transurethral Resection of Prostate / adverse effects. Urethral Stricture / etiology. Urethral Stricture / prevention & control

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  • (PMID = 16360446.001).
  • [ISSN] 1527-9995
  • [Journal-full-title] Urology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Urology
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Randomized Controlled Trial; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Cyclooxygenase 2 Inhibitors; 0 / Lactones; 0 / Sulfones; 0QTW8Z7MCR / rofecoxib
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14. Liptáková A, Podracká L, Siegfried L: [Urinary tract infections in children caused by uropathogenic strains of Escherichia coli and the role of the innate immune response mediated by the toll-like receptor 4 and antimicrobial peptide cathelicidin in their clinical course]. Epidemiol Mikrobiol Imunol; 2007 Apr;56(2):72-7
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  • The bacteria are introduced to the urinary tract that, except for the external part of the urethra, is free from microbial colonization, and thus can cause acute, potentially life-threatening infections with possible progression to chronic disease.

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  • (PMID = 17593804.001).
  • [ISSN] 1210-7913
  • [Journal-full-title] Epidemiologie, mikrobiologie, imunologie : casopis Spolecnosti pro epidemiologii a mikrobiologii Ceské lékarské spolecnosti J.E. Purkyne
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Epidemiol Mikrobiol Imunol
  • [Language] slo
  • [Publication-type] English Abstract; Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] Czech Republic
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Antimicrobial Cationic Peptides; 0 / Toll-Like Receptor 4; 0 / Virulence Factors; 143108-26-3 / CAP18 lipopolysaccharide-binding protein
  • [Number-of-references] 25
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15. Suzukawa K, Karino S, Yamasoba T: Surgical treatment of medial meatal fibrosis. Report of four cases. Auris Nasus Larynx; 2007 Sep;34(3):365-8
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • A patient had graft-versus-host disease (GVHD) with her urethra and vagina, and two patients had methicillin resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) infection with their affected ears.
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Aged. Chronic Disease. Drug Resistance, Multiple, Bacterial. Female. Fibrosis / surgery. Graft vs Host Disease / complications. Graft vs Host Disease / diagnosis. Graft vs Host Disease / surgery. Humans. Male. Middle Aged. Myringoplasty. Otitis Media with Effusion / complications. Otitis Media with Effusion / surgery. Otoscopy. Reoperation. Staphylococcal Infections / complications. Staphylococcal Infections / surgery. Tomography, Spiral Computed. Tympanoplasty

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  • (PMID = 17257793.001).
  • [ISSN] 0385-8146
  • [Journal-full-title] Auris, nasus, larynx
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Auris Nasus Larynx
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Netherlands
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16. Hashitani H, Suzuki H: Properties of spontaneous Ca2+ transients recorded from interstitial cells of Cajal-like cells of the rabbit urethra in situ. J Physiol; 2007 Sep 1;583(Pt 2):505-19
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  • [Title] Properties of spontaneous Ca2+ transients recorded from interstitial cells of Cajal-like cells of the rabbit urethra in situ.
  • Interstitial cells of Cajal-like cells (ICC-LCs) in the urethra may act as electrical pacemakers of spontaneous contractions.
  • However, their properties in situ and their interaction with neighbouring urethral smooth muscle cells (USMCs) remain to be elucidated.
  • To further explore the physiological role of ICC-LCs, spontaneous changes in [Ca(2+)](i) (Ca(2+) transients) were visualized in fluo-4 loaded preparations of rabbit urethral smooth muscle.
  • These results indicated that Ca(2+) transients in urethral ICC-LCs in situ rely on both Ca(2+) release from intracellular Ca(2+) stores and Ca(2+) influx through non-L-type Ca(2+) channel pathways.
  • Rather they may randomly increase excitability of USMCs to maintain the tone of urethral smooth muscles.
  • [MeSH-major] Calcium Channels / metabolism. Calcium Signaling. Muscle Contraction. Myocytes, Smooth Muscle / metabolism. Urethra / metabolism

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  • (PMID = 17615099.001).
  • [ISSN] 0022-3751
  • [Journal-full-title] The Journal of physiology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Physiol. (Lond.)
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Comparative Study; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / 2-aminoethoxydiphenyl borate; 0 / Adrenergic alpha-Agonists; 0 / Boron Compounds; 0 / Calcium Channel Blockers; 0 / Calcium Channels; 0 / Calcium Channels, L-Type; 0 / Enzyme Inhibitors; 0 / Indoles; 0 / Inositol 1,4,5-Trisphosphate Receptors; 0 / Nitric Oxide Donors; 0 / Receptors, Adrenergic, alpha; 0 / Ryanodine Receptor Calcium Release Channel; 15662-33-6 / Ryanodine; 1WS297W6MV / Phenylephrine; 31C4KY9ESH / Nitric Oxide; 3G6A5W338E / Caffeine; 5O5U71P6VQ / linsidomine; CZ5312222S / Nicardipine; D46583G77X / Molsidomine; EC 3.6.3.8 / Calcium-Transporting ATPases; X9TLY4580Z / cyclopiazonic acid
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC2277017
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17. Sergeant GP, Thornbury KD, McHale NG, Hollywood MA: Interstitial cells of Cajal in the urethra. J Cell Mol Med; 2006 Apr-Jun;10(2):280-91
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  • [Title] Interstitial cells of Cajal in the urethra.
  • The smooth muscle layer of the urethra generates spontaneous myogenic tone that is thought to make a major contribution to urinary continence.
  • Urethra ICC possess an electrical pacemaker mechanism characterised by rhythmic activation of Ca(2+)-activated Cl(-) channels leading to spontaneous transient inward currents (STICs) under voltage clamp and spontaneous transient depolarisations (STDs) under current clamp conditions.

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  • (PMID = 16796799.001).
  • [ISSN] 1582-1838
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of cellular and molecular medicine
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Cell. Mol. Med.
  • [Language] ENG
  • [Grant] United Kingdom / Wellcome Trust / / 064212; United States / NIDDK NIH HHS / DK / R01 DK68565
  • [Publication-type] Historical Article; Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't; Review
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Neurotransmitter Agents
  • [Number-of-references] 57
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC3933121
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18. Snodgrass WT: Management of penile curvature in children. Curr Opin Urol; 2008 Jul;18(4):431-5
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  • Urethral plate elevation from the corpora has previously been reported to reduce bending, and in the past year this maneuver has been combined with ventral corporal grafting or with dissection of the formed urethra to the bulb to achieve straightening while conserving the plate for urethroplasty.

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  • (PMID = 18520768.001).
  • [ISSN] 1473-6586
  • [Journal-full-title] Current opinion in urology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Curr Opin Urol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Number-of-references] 23
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19. Nouira Y, Binous MY, Nouira K, Mekni A, Kallel Y, Fitouri Z, Sallami S, Horchani A: Intraprostatic hydatid cyst: an unusual presentation. ScientificWorldJournal; 2006;6:2315-8
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  • The intraprostatic cystic cavity that was communicating with the urethra developed urinary stones.
  • Pathological examination concluded to a prostatic hydatid cyst that had evacuated through the urethra and was complicated by stone formation within the residual cavity.
  • [MeSH-major] Echinococcosis / diagnosis. Echinococcus / metabolism. Prostatic Diseases / diagnosis
  • [MeSH-minor] Animals. Central Nervous System Parasitic Infections / diagnosis. Central Nervous System Parasitic Infections / therapy. Endoscopy. Humans. Male. Middle Aged. Urinary Calculi. X-Rays

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  • (PMID = 17619696.001).
  • [ISSN] 1537-744X
  • [Journal-full-title] TheScientificWorldJournal
  • [ISO-abbreviation] ScientificWorldJournal
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] England
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20. Merrick GS, Butler WM, Wallner KE, Allen ZA, Galbreath RW, Lief JH, Reed DJ: The impact of radiation dose to the urethra on brachytherapy-related dysuria. Brachytherapy; 2005;4(1):45-50
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  • [Title] The impact of radiation dose to the urethra on brachytherapy-related dysuria.
  • PURPOSE: To determine the effect of urethral dose on dysuria after permanent prostate brachytherapy.
  • Urethral dose was stratified into cohorts of <150% and 150% minimum peripheral dose (mPD) respectively.
  • Clinical, treatment, and dosimetric parameters evaluated included urethral dose, age, preimplant International Prostate Symptom Score (I-PSS), ultrasound volume, hormonal status, supplemental XRT, isotope, V(100/200), D(90), the maximum post-implant I-PSS, and the time to I-PSS resolution.
  • Radiation dose to the urethra (stratified into cohorts of <150%, and 150% mPD) was not a significant predictor of prevalence, severity, or resolution of dysuria.
  • Urethral doses did not predict for either dysuria severity or normalization.
  • [MeSH-major] Brachytherapy / adverse effects. Urethra / drug effects. Urination Disorders / etiology

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  • (PMID = 15737906.001).
  • [ISSN] 1538-4721
  • [Journal-full-title] Brachytherapy
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Brachytherapy
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Clinical Trial; Journal Article; Randomized Controlled Trial
  • [Publication-country] United States
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21. Kunju LP: Nephrogenic adenoma: report of a case and review of morphologic mimics. Arch Pathol Lab Med; 2010 Oct;134(10):1455-9
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  • Nephrogenic adenoma, also referred to as nephrogenic metaplasia, is an uncommon benign lesion of the urothelial tract, characterized by a circumscribed proliferation of tubules, cysts, and papillae lined by cells with low cuboidal to columnar epithelium.
  • The diagnostic features that are useful in the recognition of this benign entity are the characteristic mixture of various architectural patterns, associated stromal edema and inflammation, hyaline sheath around tubules, eosinophilic colloidlike secretion within tubules, and lack of mitotic activity.
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Aged. Child. Diagnosis, Differential. Female. Humans. Male. Neoplasm Invasiveness. Prostate-Specific Antigen / blood. Sex Ratio. Urethra / pathology. Urothelium / pathology

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  • (PMID = 20923300.001).
  • [ISSN] 1543-2165
  • [Journal-full-title] Archives of pathology & laboratory medicine
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Arch. Pathol. Lab. Med.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] EC 3.4.21.77 / Prostate-Specific Antigen
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22. Korda JB, Goldstein SW, Sommer F: The history of female ejaculation. J Sex Med; 2010 May;7(5):1965-75
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  • Reinjier De Graaf in the 16th century provided the first scientific description of female ejaculation and was the first to refer to the periurethral glands as the female prostate.
  • This concept was held by other scientists during the following centuries through 1952 A.D. when Ernst Gräfenberg reported on "The role of the urethra in female orgasm.

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  • (PMID = 20233286.001).
  • [ISSN] 1743-6109
  • [Journal-full-title] The journal of sexual medicine
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Sex Med
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Comparative Study; Historical Article; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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23. Engelbertz F, Korda JB, Engelmann U, Rothschild M, Banaschak S: Longevity of spermatozoa in the post-ejaculatory urine of fertile men. Forensic Sci Int; 2010 Jan 30;194(1-3):15-9
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  • It seems that remaining sperm in the urethra are washed out with the first micturition in the majority of fertile men, however, the conclusion as to whether sperm findings >5h after ejaculation are improbable needs to be confirmed by further investigations.

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  • [Copyright] 2009 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved.
  • (PMID = 19889505.001).
  • [ISSN] 1872-6283
  • [Journal-full-title] Forensic science international
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Forensic Sci. Int.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Ireland
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24. Isom-Batz G, Zimmern PE: Collagen injection for female urinary incontinence after urethral or periurethral surgery. J Urol; 2009 Feb;181(2):701-4
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  • [Title] Collagen injection for female urinary incontinence after urethral or periurethral surgery.
  • PURPOSE: We evaluated the result of periurethral collagen injection in incontinent patients after prior urethral surgery.
  • MATERIALS AND METHODS: We reviewed the charts of patients who underwent periurethral collagen injection between January 2000 and December 2006 for persistent stress urinary incontinence after a failed suspension procedure or urethral repair.
  • All patients had a well supported urethra and intrinsic sphincteric deficiency.
  • Outcome measures included questionnaires and 3-dimensional urethral ultrasound at 6 weeks, 6 to 12 months and yearly thereafter.

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  • (PMID = 19091340.001).
  • [ISSN] 1527-3792
  • [Journal-full-title] The Journal of urology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Urol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 9007-34-5 / Collagen
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25. Bice WS, Prestidge BR, Kurtzman SM, Beriwal S, Moran BJ, Patel RR, Rivard MJ, Cesium Advisory Group: Recommendations for permanent prostate brachytherapy with (131)Cs: a consensus report from the Cesium Advisory Group. Brachytherapy; 2008 Oct-Dec;7(4):290-6
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  • The release criterion for (131)Cs implants is 6mRh(-1) at 1m. (131)Cs brachytherapy should be performed differently from (125)I and (103)Pd brachytherapy: source placement is further from the urethra and rectum; the prostate V(150) should be < or =45%; sufficient margins may be obtained while limiting source placement to the capsule or close to the capsule.

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  • (PMID = 18782682.001).
  • [ISSN] 1538-4721
  • [Journal-full-title] Brachytherapy
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Brachytherapy
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Practice Guideline
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Cesium Radioisotopes
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26. Jacob D, Raben A, Sarkar A, Grimm J, Simpson L: Anatomy-based inverse planning simulated annealing optimization in high-dose-rate prostate brachytherapy: significant dosimetric advantage over other optimization techniques. Int J Radiat Oncol Biol Phys; 2008 Nov 1;72(3):820-7
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  • Dose-volume histograms were generated for the planning target volume and organs at risk for each optimization method, from which the volume receiving at least 75% of the dose (V(75%)) for the rectum and bladder, volume receiving at least 125% of the dose (V(125%)) for the urethra, and total volume receiving the reference dose (V(100%)) and volume receiving 150% of the dose (V(150%)) for the planning target volume were determined.

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  • (PMID = 18455325.001).
  • [ISSN] 1879-355X
  • [Journal-full-title] International journal of radiation oncology, biology, physics
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Int. J. Radiat. Oncol. Biol. Phys.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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27. Bhandari Y, Khandkar A, Chaudhary A, Srimali P, Desai D, Srinivas V: Post-radical prostatectomy rectourethral fistula: endosopic management. Urol Int; 2008;81(4):474-6
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  • The patient is voiding well per urethra with no rectal leakage 3 months post-catheter removal.

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  • (PMID = 19077413.001).
  • [ISSN] 1423-0399
  • [Journal-full-title] Urologia internationalis
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Urol. Int.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Switzerland
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Cyanoacrylates
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28. Vezzù B, Castagnetti M, Bisogno G, Cecchetto G, Rigamonti W: An unusual case of female hypospadias associated with a pelvic mass. J Pediatr Surg; 2008 Aug;43(8):e37-40
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  • We report on an unusual case that presented with a urethral dimple in the perineum in association with a pelvic soft tissue sarcoma compressing and displacing the urethra.
  • The diagnosis was made by cystoscopy, and, as the patients remained asymptomatic, no treatment was eventually required for her urologic malformation.
  • This is, to our knowledge, the first reported case of female hypospadias associated with a perineal urethral dimple.
  • [MeSH-major] Pelvic Neoplasms / diagnosis. Urethra / abnormalities. Urogenital Abnormalities / diagnosis. Urologic Surgical Procedures / methods

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  • (PMID = 18675625.001).
  • [ISSN] 1531-5037
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of pediatric surgery
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Pediatr. Surg.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Antineoplastic Agents
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29. Yang JM, Yang SH, Huang WC: Two- and three-dimensional sonographic findings in a case of distal urethral obstruction due to a paraurethral tumor. Ultrasound Obstet Gynecol; 2005 May;25(5):519-21
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  • [Title] Two- and three-dimensional sonographic findings in a case of distal urethral obstruction due to a paraurethral tumor.
  • On ultrasonography, the urethra appears as a tubular structure with a central echolucent part and surrounding hyperechogenic structures.
  • Morphological changes in the echolucent portion of the urethra have been reported to be associated with voiding dysfunction.
  • We present a case of distal urethral obstruction secondary to metastatic paraurethral adenocarcinoma.
  • Three-dimensional sonography clearly demonstrated the configuration of the metastatic tumor and its spatial orientation in association with distal urethral obstruction.
  • [MeSH-major] Adenocarcinoma / ultrasonography. Imaging, Three-Dimensional. Ultrasonography, Doppler / methods. Urethral Neoplasms / ultrasonography. Urethral Obstruction / etiology. Urethral Obstruction / ultrasonography
  • [MeSH-minor] Female. Humans. Liver Neoplasms / secondary. Liver Neoplasms / surgery. Middle Aged. Rectal Neoplasms / complications. Rectal Neoplasms / surgery. Urethra / ultrasonography

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  • (PMID = 15846764.001).
  • [ISSN] 0960-7692
  • [Journal-full-title] Ultrasound in obstetrics & gynecology : the official journal of the International Society of Ultrasound in Obstetrics and Gynecology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Ultrasound Obstet Gynecol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] England
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30. Cabezón Gutiérrez L, Márquez-Rodas I, Soria Lovelle A, Martín Marino A, Alvarez Alvarez R, Muñoz Martín AJ: [Melanoma of male urethra: A clinical case]. Actas Urol Esp; 2010 Jul;34(7):651-2
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  • [Title] [Melanoma of male urethra: A clinical case].
  • [Transliterated title] Melanoma de uretra masculina: caso clínico.
  • [MeSH-major] Melanoma. Urethral Neoplasms

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  • (PMID = 20540890.001).
  • [ISSN] 1699-7980
  • [Journal-full-title] Actas urologicas españolas
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Actas Urol Esp
  • [Language] spa
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Letter
  • [Publication-country] Spain
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31. Liu AX, Zhou JH, Jin HM, Zhu CK, Cheng XD: Primary rhabdomyosarcoma of urethra in a 5-year-old girl: case report and literature review. Urology; 2007 Jun;69(6):1208.e17-9
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  • [Title] Primary rhabdomyosarcoma of urethra in a 5-year-old girl: case report and literature review.
  • Aspects of the manifestation, diagnosis, and treatment of these tumors are discussed in the case of a girl with rapidly progressive RMS from the urethral tract.
  • The present case underscores that careful history, physical examination, and laboratory tests should be performed, in additional to using adequate tissue for routine pathologic examination, before making the diagnosis.
  • [MeSH-major] Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols / therapeutic use. Rhabdomyosarcoma / diagnosis. Rhabdomyosarcoma / therapy. Urethral Neoplasms / diagnosis. Urethral Neoplasms / therapy

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  • (PMID = 17572220.001).
  • [ISSN] 1527-9995
  • [Journal-full-title] Urology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Urology
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 1CC1JFE158 / Dactinomycin; 5J49Q6B70F / Vincristine; 8N3DW7272P / Cyclophosphamide
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32. Health Quality Ontario: Midurethral slings for women with stress urinary incontinence: an evidence-based analysis. Ont Health Technol Assess Ser; 2006;6(3):1-61
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  • CLINICAL NEED: Normal continence is controlled by the nervous system and involves co-ordination between bladder, urethra, urethral sphincter, and pelvic floor.
  • It is characterized by the "complaint of involuntary leakage on effort or exertion, or on sneezing or coughing" when there is increased abdominal pressure without detrusor (bladder wall) contraction. (2) There are 2 factors which define stress urinary incontinence: a weakening in the support of the proximal urethra, causing urethral hyper-mobility and deficiency in the sphincter, causing urethral leakage.
  • COMPLICATIONS: The most frequently reported complications were bladder perforations, de novo voiding difficulties and device problems.

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  • (PMID = 23074494.001).
  • [ISSN] 1915-7398
  • [Journal-full-title] Ontario health technology assessment series
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Ont Health Technol Assess Ser
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Canada
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC3379163
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33. Al-Busaidy SS, Prem AR, Medhat M, Al-Bulushi YH, Gaber M, Pai SV: Holmium laser ablation of anterior urethral valves: case report. J Endourol; 2005 Dec;19(10):1210-1
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Holmium laser ablation of anterior urethral valves: case report.
  • PURPOSE: To report a novel method for treating anterior urethral valves in children using the holmium:YAG laser.
  • A micturating cystourethrogram (MCUG) revealed an abrupt narrowing of the penile urethra.
  • At cystourethroscopy, an anterior urethral valve without a diverticulum was visible.
  • Repeat MCUG 6 months later revealed a normal-caliber urethra.

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  • (PMID = 16359217.001).
  • [ISSN] 0892-7790
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of endourology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Endourol.
  • [Language] ENG
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] W1XX32SQN1 / Holmium
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34. Nerli R, Amarkhed SS, Hiremath MB: Vascularized tunica vaginalis interposition flap for the treatment of recto-urethral fistulas. Indian J Urol; 2009 Oct-Dec;25(4):467-9
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  • [Title] Vascularized tunica vaginalis interposition flap for the treatment of recto-urethral fistulas.
  • Introduction : Recto-urethral fistula is a rare complication of pelvic surgery, trauma, or inflammation.
  • We describe the use of vascularised tunica vaginalis flap interposition in the repair of a recto-urethral fistula.
  • Materials and Methods : Three children who had developed rectourethral fistula following surgery for anorectal anomaly/Hirschsprungs disease underwent repair through the perineal approach and interposition of vascularised tunica vaginalis flap in between the rectum and the urethra.
  • Following repair of the recto-urethral fistula, there was no recurrence of fistula in the follow-up period ranging from 1 to 6 years.

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  • (PMID = 19955669.001).
  • [ISSN] 1998-3824
  • [Journal-full-title] Indian journal of urology : IJU : journal of the Urological Society of India
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Indian J Urol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] India
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC2808648
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35. Athanasopoulos A, Liatsikos EN: The use of a ureteral access sheath for the urethral dilatation and catheterization of difficult urethral strictures. Urol Int; 2009;83(3):359-61
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  • [Title] The use of a ureteral access sheath for the urethral dilatation and catheterization of difficult urethral strictures.
  • BACKGROUND: Urethral catheterization can often be technically demanding due to the presence of obstructing segments within the urethra.
  • Conventional methods attempting to restore urethral patency often are unsuccessful and traumatize the urethral lumen.
  • METHOD: We present an innovative technique by using a hydrophilic guidewire and a hydrophilic ureteral access sheath for the 'first-line' catheterization and management of 'difficult' urethral strictures.
  • We used this technique in 10 extremely difficult cases of strictures present in all the urethral segments.
  • In all patients, larger sizes of urethral catheters were gradually inserted within the next couple of days.
  • CONCLUSION: We propose 'access sheath'-assisted urethral dilatation as a safe and simple alternative for the 'first-line' catheterization and, possibly, management of 'difficult' urethral strictures.
  • [MeSH-major] Dilatation / methods. Urethral Stricture / therapy. Urinary Catheterization / methods

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  • (PMID = 19829041.001).
  • [ISSN] 1423-0399
  • [Journal-full-title] Urologia internationalis
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Urol. Int.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Switzerland
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36. Sato K, Tachibana H, Tsuzuki T, Ueda Y, Katsuda S: Prostatic ductal adenocarcinoma mimicking villous adenoma of the urethra. Virchows Arch; 2006 Nov;449(5):597-9
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Prostatic ductal adenocarcinoma mimicking villous adenoma of the urethra.
  • [MeSH-major] Adenocarcinoma / pathology. Carcinoma, Ductal / pathology. Prostatic Neoplasms / pathology. Urethral Neoplasms / pathology

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  • [Cites] Cancer. 1991 Apr 15;67(8):2118-24 [2004331.001]
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  • (PMID = 16988838.001).
  • [ISSN] 0945-6317
  • [Journal-full-title] Virchows Archiv : an international journal of pathology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Virchows Arch.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Letter
  • [Publication-country] Germany
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37. Matsumura E, Tasaki S, Ashikari A, Toyosato T, Ashimine S, Machida N, Yonou H, Ooshiro Y, Saito S: [A case report of transurethral resection of eroding urethral mesh after a tension-free vaginal tape procedure]. Hinyokika Kiyo; 2010 Nov;56(11):655-7
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  • [Title] [A case report of transurethral resection of eroding urethral mesh after a tension-free vaginal tape procedure].
  • Cystoscopy revealed erosion of the urethra associated with a urethral stone attached to a polypropylene mesh.
  • Urethral erosion is a rare complication of TVT, and the method of handling the intrusive mesh has not been standardized.
  • [MeSH-major] Suburethral Slings. Urethra / pathology. Urinary Incontinence, Stress / surgery

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  • (PMID = 21187713.001).
  • [ISSN] 0018-1994
  • [Journal-full-title] Hinyokika kiyo. Acta urologica Japonica
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Hinyokika Kiyo
  • [Language] jpn
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Japan
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Polypropylenes
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38. Mitsui T, Tanaka H, Moriya K, Suzuki H, Mouri G, Hashimoto A, Nonomura K: Construction of neourethra using flipped anterior bladder wall tube in a prepubertal girl with complete disruption of urethra. Urology; 2010 Jul;76(1):112-4
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  • [Title] Construction of neourethra using flipped anterior bladder wall tube in a prepubertal girl with complete disruption of urethra.
  • A rare case of urethral construction using flipped anterior bladder wall tube in an 8-year-old girl with complete disruption of the urethra and vagina accompanying pelvic fracture was reported.
  • The neourethra was constructed tubularizing and flipping anterior bladder wall flap caudally to proximal site of the original urethra after fascial sling procedure.
  • In conclusion, flipped anterior bladder wall tube technique for urethral construction is suitable in prepubertal girls with complete disruption of the urethra.
  • [MeSH-major] Urethra / injuries. Urethra / surgery. Urinary Bladder / transplantation

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  • [Copyright] Copyright 2010 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
  • (PMID = 19864002.001).
  • [ISSN] 1527-9995
  • [Journal-full-title] Urology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Urology
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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39. Ugurlu O, Gonulalan U, Adsan O, Kosan M, Oztekin V, Cetinkaya M: Effects of simultaneous transurethral resection of prostate and solitary bladder tumors smaller than 3 cm on oncologic results. Urology; 2007 Jul;70(1):55-9
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  • OBJECTIVES: To investigate the effect on the oncologic outcomes of treatment with transurethral resection of patients with a solitary bladder tumor smaller than 3 cm with a superficial appearance and benign prostatic hyperplasia.
  • METHODS: The follow-up data from 34 men (group 1) who had undergone transurethral bladder tumor resection alone and 31 men who had undergone both transurethral prostate resection and transurethral bladder tumor resection at the same operation (group 2) in our clinic from 1996 to 2004 were retrospectively examined.
  • The recurrence and progression rates, elapsed time to recurrence, and the recurrence rates in the bladder neck and prostatic urethra were determined and compared.
  • Recurrence in the bladder neck and/or prostatic urethra developed in 1 patient in each group.
  • No statistically significant differences were found between groups in terms of follow-up time, recurrence, progression, recurrence in the prostatic urethra and/or bladder neck, and elapsed time to recurrence.
  • CONCLUSIONS: According to our results, transurethral prostate resection can be safely performed with transurethral bladder tumor resection simultaneously in selected patients with severe lower urinary tract symptoms and a superficial solitary tumor smaller than 3 cm.

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  • (PMID = 17656208.001).
  • [ISSN] 1527-9995
  • [Journal-full-title] Urology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Urology
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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40. Jankowski RJ, Prantil RL, Chancellor MB, de Groat WC, Huard J, Vorp DA: Biomechanical characterization of the urethral musculature. Am J Physiol Renal Physiol; 2006 May;290(5):F1127-34
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  • [Title] Biomechanical characterization of the urethral musculature.
  • Rigorous study of the associations between urethral structural anatomy and biomechanical function is necessary to advance the understanding of the development, progression, and treatment of urethral pathologies.
  • An ex vivo model was utilized to define the relative biomechanical contributions of the active (muscle) elements of the female urethra relative to its passive (noncontractile) elements.
  • The experiments quantitatively reveal the relative influence of the intrinsic urethral smooth and striated muscle layers with regard to their effect on the mechanical properties and maximum functional responses of the urethra to applied intralumenal stresses in the complete absence of extrinsic influences.
  • [MeSH-major] Muscle, Skeletal / physiology. Muscle, Smooth / physiology. Urethra / anatomy & histology. Urethra / physiology

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  • (PMID = 16368741.001).
  • [ISSN] 1931-857X
  • [Journal-full-title] American journal of physiology. Renal physiology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Am. J. Physiol. Renal Physiol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Grant] United States / NIDDK NIH HHS / DK / K12-DK-02656; United States / NIAMS NIH HHS / AR / R01-AR-049398; United States / NIDDK NIH HHS / DK / R01-DK-067226; United States / NIDDK NIH HHS / DK / R01-DK-55387; United States / NHLBI NIH HHS / HL / R01-HL-65745
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural
  • [Publication-country] United States
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41. Stravodimos KG, Koritsiadis G, Koutalellis G: Electrical wire as a foreign body in a male urethra: a case report. J Med Case Rep; 2009;3:49
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  • [Title] Electrical wire as a foreign body in a male urethra: a case report.
  • INTRODUCTION: Self-inflicted foreign bodies in the male urethra and urinary bladder are an emergency that urologists may rarely have to face.
  • A case of an electrical wire inserted in the male urethra and coiled in the bladder is presented.
  • CASE PRESENTATION: A 53-year-old male presented with the inability to void and bloody urethral discharge after having introduced an electrical wire in his urethra for masturbation 3 hours earlier.

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  • [ISSN] 1752-1947
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of medical case reports
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Med Case Rep
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC2649937
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42. Di Pietto L, Scaffa C, Torella M, Lambiase A, Cobellis L, Colacurci N: Perineal ultrasound in the study of urethral mobility: proposal of a normal physiological range. Int Urogynecol J Pelvic Floor Dysfunct; 2008 Oct;19(10):1405-9
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Perineal ultrasound in the study of urethral mobility: proposal of a normal physiological range.
  • The aim of the study was to determine, using perineal ultrasound, the physiological range for urethral mobility in normal women.
  • The ultrasound parameters obtained with a perineal "static" and "dynamic" evaluation method were: pubic-urethral distance and inclination angle of the urethral axis.
  • We propose a physiological range of pubic-urethral distance under stress in young women between 10 and 15 mm, the inclination angle of the urethral axis is between 60 and 100 degrees .
  • In peri-post-menopause women we establish a non-rigid range of mobility in relation to age and parity: between 15 and 18 mm for the pubis-urethra distance and 80 degrees and 120 degrees for the angle of the urethral axis.
  • Defining a range of normality for urethral mobility through ultrasound is useful for further studying therapeutic choices and help to identify the surgical correction and post-operative follow-up.
  • [MeSH-major] Muscle Contraction / physiology. Perineum / diagnostic imaging. Urethra / physiology

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  • (PMID = 18470471.001).
  • [Journal-full-title] International urogynecology journal and pelvic floor dysfunction
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Int Urogynecol J Pelvic Floor Dysfunct
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Comparative Study; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] England
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43. Tapkire R, Kathiresan N, Satheesan B: Bleomycin induced urethral stricture in Hodgkin's disease. Indian J Urol; 2009 Jul;25(3):398-400
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  • [Title] Bleomycin induced urethral stricture in Hodgkin's disease.
  • Urethral stricture as a result of bleomycin toxicity has not been reported in literature.
  • In this case report, a young male patient who developed urethral stricture after bleomycin-based chemotherapy is described and the possible effects of bleomycin on the urethra are discussed.

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  • (PMID = 19881140.001).
  • [ISSN] 1998-3824
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  • [ISO-abbreviation] Indian J Urol
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44. Weber DC, Wang H, Cozzi L, Dipasquale G, Khan HG, Ratib O, Rouzaud M, Vees H, Zaidi H, Miralbell R: RapidArc, intensity modulated photon and proton techniques for recurrent prostate cancer in previously irradiated patients: a treatment planning comparison study. Radiat Oncol; 2009;4:34
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • The recurrent gross tumor volume (GTV) was defined on 18F-fluorocholine PET/CT scans.
  • For the urethra, DMax was constrained to 37 Gy.
  • RESULTS: Tumor coverage (GTV and PTV) was improved with RA (V95% 92.6 +/- 7.9 and 83.7 +/- 3.3%), when compared to IMRT (V95% 88.6 +/- 10.8 and 77.2 +/- 2.2%).
  • The percentages of rectal and urethral volumes receiving intermediate doses (35 Gy) were significantly decreased with RA (5.1 +/- 3.0 and 38.0 +/- 25.3%) and IMPT (3.9 +/- 2.7 and 25.1 +/- 21.1%), when compared to IMRT (9.8 +/- 5.3 and 60.7 +/- 41.7%).
  • [MeSH-major] Neoplasm Recurrence, Local / radiotherapy. Photons / therapeutic use. Prostatic Neoplasms / radiotherapy. Protons / therapeutic use. Radiotherapy Planning, Computer-Assisted / methods. Radiotherapy, Intensity-Modulated / methods

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  • (PMID = 19740429.001).
  • [ISSN] 1748-717X
  • [Journal-full-title] Radiation oncology (London, England)
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Radiat Oncol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Comparative Study; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Protons
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC2749024
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45. Pal S, Sarcon AK, de la Maza LM: C3H male mice with severe combined immunodeficiency cannot clear a urethral infection with a human serovar of Chlamydia trachomatis. Infect Immun; 2009 Dec;77(12):5602-7
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  • [Title] C3H male mice with severe combined immunodeficiency cannot clear a urethral infection with a human serovar of Chlamydia trachomatis.
  • To establish a new model, we inoculated C3H/HeN (H-2(k)) mice in the meatus urethra with C. trachomatis serovar D.
  • ), and the urethra, bladder, epididimydes, and testes were cultured for Chlamydia.
  • Positive cultures were obtained from the urethra, urinary bladder, and epididimydes, and the ID(50) was determined to be 5 x 10(4) IFU/mouse.
  • In conclusion, inoculation of WT male mice in the meatus urethra with a human serovar of C. trachomatis resulted in a limited infection mainly localized to the lower genitourinary tract.


46. Biserte J, Nivet J: [Trauma to the anterior urethra: diagnosis and management]. Ann Urol (Paris); 2006 Aug;40(4):220-32
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  • [Title] [Trauma to the anterior urethra: diagnosis and management].
  • [Transliterated title] Traumatisme de l'urètre antérieur: diagnostic et traitement.
  • Injuries to anterior urethra are uncommon, mainly due to blunt trauma, and rarely associated with pelvic fractures or life threatening multiple lesions.
  • Straddle type injury is the most frequent lesion, in which the immobile bulbar urethra is crushed or compressed on the inferior surface to the pubic symphysis.
  • Diagnosis of urethral injury is easy, suspected due to trauma circumstances, presence of urethrorragy or initial hematuria, and eventually difficult micturition and penile scrotal for perineoscrotal hematoma.
  • Initial acute management is suprapubic cystostomy, if possible before any attempt of urethral catheterization or miction.
  • Urethral contusions only require this urinary diversion or urethral catheter for a few days and usually heal without any sequelae.
  • Management of partial and complete disruptions remains controversial: suprapubic diversion only and secondary endoscopic or open surgical repair of the urethral stricture that occurs in the great majority of the cases (always after complete disruption), early endoscopic realignment and prolonged urethral catheterization (4 for 8 weeks according to the lesion), in partial disruptions, more controversial in complete disruptions; delayed (after a few days) open surgical repair (urethrorraphy) that is the preferred European and French attitude for complete disruptions.
  • Penetrating anterior urethral trauma and urethral lesions associated with penile fracture require immediate surgical exploration and repair if possible.
  • After anterior urethral disruption, the main morbidity is urethral stricture very often requiring surgical treatment (visual urethrotomy if the structure is short, end to end spatulated urethrorraphy, flap or graft urethroplasty if longer).
  • [MeSH-major] Urethra / injuries. Urethral Diseases / diagnosis. Urethral Diseases / surgery
  • [MeSH-minor] Humans. Male. Treatment Outcome. Urethral Stricture / etiology. Urologic Surgical Procedures / methods. Wounds, Nonpenetrating / diagnosis. Wounds, Nonpenetrating / surgery. Wounds, Penetrating / diagnosis. Wounds, Penetrating / surgery

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  • (PMID = 16970065.001).
  • [ISSN] 0003-4401
  • [Journal-full-title] Annales d'urologie
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Ann Urol (Paris)
  • [Language] fre
  • [Publication-type] English Abstract; Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] France
  • [Number-of-references] 63
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47. Fujisawa Y, Nakamura Y, Takahashi T, Kawachi Y, Otsuka F: Penile preservation surgery in a case of extramammary Paget's disease involving the glans penis and distal urethra. Dermatol Surg; 2008 Jun;34(6):823-30; discussion 830-1
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  • [Title] Penile preservation surgery in a case of extramammary Paget's disease involving the glans penis and distal urethra.
  • [MeSH-major] Paget Disease, Extramammary / surgery. Penile Neoplasms / surgery. Reconstructive Surgical Procedures / methods. Urethral Neoplasms / surgery

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  • (PMID = 18384373.001).
  • [ISSN] 1524-4725
  • [Journal-full-title] Dermatologic surgery : official publication for American Society for Dermatologic Surgery [et al.]
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Dermatol Surg
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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48. Tewari AK, Srivastava A, Mudaliar K, Tan GY, Grover S, El Douaihy Y, Peters D, Leung R, Yadav R, John M, Wysock J, Vaughan ED, Muir S, Amin MB, Rubin M, Tu J, Akthar M, Shevchuk M: Anatomical retro-apical technique of synchronous (posterior and anterior) urethral transection: a novel approach for ameliorating apical margin positivity during robotic radical prostatectomy. BJU Int; 2010 Nov;106(9):1364-73
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  • [Title] Anatomical retro-apical technique of synchronous (posterior and anterior) urethral transection: a novel approach for ameliorating apical margin positivity during robotic radical prostatectomy.
  • OBJECTIVE: To describe a novel synchronous approach to apical dissection during robotic-assisted radical prostatectomy (RARP) which augments circumferential visual appreciation of the prostatic apex and membranous urethra anatomy, and assess its effect on apical margin positivity.
  • Conventional apical transection after early ligation of the dorsal venous complex (DVC) remains suboptimal, as this approach obscures visualization of the intersection between prostatic apex and membranous urethra, leading to inadvertent apical capsulotomy and eventual margin positivity.
  • A synchronous urethral transection commenced via a retro-apical approach was adopted in 209 consecutive patients undergoing RARP by one surgeon (A.T.) between April to September 2009.
  • The apical margin rates for this group were compared with those of 1665 previous patients who received conventional urethral transection via an anterior approach after DVC ligation.
  • RESULTS: Patients receiving synchronous urethral transection had significantly lower apical PSM rates than the control group (1.4% vs 4.4%, P = 0.04).
  • This marked improvement in the retro-apical group occurred despite a significantly higher incidence of aggressive cancer (≥ pT3a) documented on final specimen pathology (16% vs 10%, P = 0.027).Technical difficulty was encountered in three of 209 study patients, in whom urethral transection had to be completed using the classic anterior approach.
  • CONCLUSION: Improved circumferential visualization of the prostatic apex, membranous urethra and their anatomical intersection facilitates precise dissection of the apex and its surrounding neural scaffold, and optimizes membranous urethral preservation.
  • [MeSH-major] Neoplasm Recurrence, Local / prevention & control. Prostate / pathology. Prostatectomy / methods. Prostatic Neoplasms / pathology. Robotics. Urethra / pathology

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  • [Copyright] © 2010 THE AUTHORS. JOURNAL COMPILATION © 2010 BJU INTERNATIONAL.
  • (PMID = 20377582.001).
  • [ISSN] 1464-410X
  • [Journal-full-title] BJU international
  • [ISO-abbreviation] BJU Int.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] England
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49. Smith M, Lucia MS, Werahera PN, La Rosa FG: Carcinoid tumor of the verumontanum (colliculus seminalis) of the prostatic urethra with a coexisting prostatic adenocarcinoma: a case report. J Med Case Rep; 2010;4:16
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  • [Title] Carcinoid tumor of the verumontanum (colliculus seminalis) of the prostatic urethra with a coexisting prostatic adenocarcinoma: a case report.
  • INTRODUCTION: Urethral carcinoid tumors are very rare tumors with only four cases described in the literature.
  • CASE PRESENTATION: We present the case of a 61-year-old man with a primary carcinoid tumor of the verumontanum (colliculis seminalis) portion of the prostatic urethra with a coexisting prostatic adenocarcinoma.
  • Approximately 17 mm from this adenocarcinoma, within the verumontanum of the prostatic urethra, there was a 3 mm maximal dimension carcinoid tumor.


50. Maekawa S, Hishima T, Yamada Y, Ichikawa H, Natsui S, Shinohara M: [A case of primary urethral adenocarcinoma accompanied by vaginal wall infiltration in which the CA19-9 level was very high]. Hinyokika Kiyo; 2009 Aug;55(8):513-6
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  • [Title] [A case of primary urethral adenocarcinoma accompanied by vaginal wall infiltration in which the CA19-9 level was very high].
  • Computed tomography confirmed a urethral tumor, and transurethral biopsy confirmed adenocarcinoma.
  • On histology, the tumor had spread to the bladder, urethra, and vagina.
  • However, the majority of the tumor was located in the bladder and urethra, a duct with intestinal metaplasia was present around the urethra, and carcinoma in situ was seen in the urethral mucosa.
  • Based on the above findings, the patient was diagnosed as having primary urethral adenocarcinoma.
  • No tumor cells were seen in the resection stump.
  • Urethral tumor is relatively rare.
  • A urethral tumor accompanied by vaginal wall infiltration is likely to be mistaken for a primary vaginal tumor.
  • To the best of our knowledge, the present patient is the sixth reported case of primary urethral carcinoma accompanied by vaginal wall infiltration in Japan.
  • [MeSH-major] Adenocarcinoma / pathology. Biomarkers, Tumor / blood. CA-19-9 Antigen / blood. Urethral Neoplasms / pathology. Vagina / pathology
  • [MeSH-minor] Female. Humans. Middle Aged. Neoplasm Invasiveness / pathology. Urinary Bladder Neoplasms / secondary. Vaginal Neoplasms / secondary

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  • (PMID = 19764540.001).
  • [ISSN] 0018-1994
  • [Journal-full-title] Hinyokika kiyo. Acta urologica Japonica
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Hinyokika Kiyo
  • [Language] jpn
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; English Abstract; Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] Japan
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Biomarkers, Tumor; 0 / CA-19-9 Antigen
  • [Number-of-references] 11
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51. Wang KY, Samii VF, Chew DJ, McLoughlin MA, DiBartola SP, Masty J, Lehman AM: Vestibular, vaginal, and urethral relations in spayed dogs with and without lower urinary tract signs. J Vet Intern Med; 2006 Sep-Oct;20(5):1065-73
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  • [Title] Vestibular, vaginal, and urethral relations in spayed dogs with and without lower urinary tract signs.
  • Measurements made included vaginal length, vaginal height, vaginal width, vestibule length, vestibule height, vestibule width, vestibulovaginal ratios, cingulum height, cingulum width, cingulum area, urethral length, urethral height, urethral width, angle of urethra to vestibule, and angle of vaginal to vestibule.

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  • [CommentIn] J Vet Intern Med. 2007 May-Jun;21(3):363; author reply 363 [17552437.001]
  • (PMID = 17063697.001).
  • [ISSN] 0891-6640
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of veterinary internal medicine
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Vet. Intern. Med.
  • [Language] ENG
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] United States
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52. Karabulut A, Sunay M, Erdem K, Emir L, Erol D: Retrospective analysis of the results obtained by using Mathieu and TIP urethroplasty techniques in recurrent hypospadias repairs. J Pediatr Urol; 2008 Oct;4(5):359-63
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  • Surgical success rate of the techniques and the prognostic significance of age, type of diversion used, caliber and length of new urethra, and the number of previous operations were analyzed statistically.
  • No statistically significant relation was found between the groups for age, length of new urethra created, caliber of the urethra, urinary diversion used, mean operation success rates and number of previous operations.
  • CONCLUSIONS: Age, length and caliber of new urethra, and diversion type used seem to have no effect on the success rate of Mathieu and TIP urethroplasty in recurrent hypospadias restoration.
  • [MeSH-major] Hypospadias / surgery. Urethra / surgery

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  • (PMID = 18790420.001).
  • [ISSN] 1873-4898
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of pediatric urology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Pediatr Urol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Comparative Study; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] England
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53. Melman A, Tar M, Boczko J, Christ G, Leung AC, Zhao W, Russell RG: Evaluation of two techniques of partial urethral obstruction in the male rat model of bladder outlet obstruction. Urology; 2005 Nov;66(5):1127-33
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  • [Title] Evaluation of two techniques of partial urethral obstruction in the male rat model of bladder outlet obstruction.
  • OBJECTIVES: To perform a comparison to determine which of two methods of partial urethral ligation produces the most consistent outcome and fewest side effects.
  • Partial urethral ligation is a means of causing reproducible bladder outlet obstruction.
  • In the male rat model, partial urethral obstruction can be performed either by perineal incision and bulbous urethral ligation or retropubic incision and midprostatic obstruction.
  • Five were selected for bulbous urethral obstruction through a perineal incision, five for midprostatic obstruction using a retropubic approach, and five for a sham operation through a perineal incision.
  • Inflammation or infection, or both, were seen in the prostate, bladder, proximal urethra, ureters, and kidneys in the rats in which a midprostatic obstruction was performed.
  • The proximal urethra and prostate were mildly inflamed in those rats that underwent bulbous obstruction.
  • CONCLUSIONS: The perineal approach to the bulbous urethra is the method of choice for creating a partial urethral obstruction model of bladder outlet obstruction in the male rat.
  • [MeSH-major] Disease Models, Animal. Urethral Obstruction. Urinary Bladder Neck Obstruction

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  • (PMID = 16286152.001).
  • [ISSN] 1527-9995
  • [Journal-full-title] Urology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Urology
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Comparative Study; Evaluation Studies; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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54. Biswas S, Haldar S, Ghosh D, Das S: A comparative study of two techniques of urethroplasty in repair of distal penile hypospadias. J Indian Med Assoc; 2009 Feb;107(2):94, 96, 106
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  • Hypospadias is a common congenital anomaly of the penis in which the urethra opens proximal to its normal position at the tip of the glans and the overall incidence of hypospadias is between 0.3% and 0.6%.

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  • (PMID = 19585817.001).
  • [ISSN] 0019-5847
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of the Indian Medical Association
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Indian Med Assoc
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Comparative Study; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] India
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55. Lin H, Li SK, Li YQ: [Division of the proximal urethral plate and skin graft at the ventral surface of the penis for severe hypospadias]. Zhonghua Zheng Xing Wai Ke Za Zhi; 2008 Nov;24(6):452-4
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  • [Title] [Division of the proximal urethral plate and skin graft at the ventral surface of the penis for severe hypospadias].
  • METHODS: At the first stage, the proximal end of the urethra plate was divided and the chordee was corrected, followed by skin graft at the ventral surface of penis.
  • After one year of following up, the appearance of glan and the urethral meatus was good and the chordee was corrected completely.
  • [MeSH-major] Hypospadias / surgery. Skin Transplantation / methods. Urethra / surgery

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  • (PMID = 19241708.001).
  • [ISSN] 1009-4598
  • [Journal-full-title] Zhonghua zheng xing wai ke za zhi = Zhonghua zhengxing waike zazhi = Chinese journal of plastic surgery
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Zhonghua Zheng Xing Wai Ke Za Zhi
  • [Language] chi
  • [Publication-type] English Abstract; Evaluation Studies; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] China
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56. Hayashi S, Shimoya K, Itami S, Murata Y: Pregnancy and delivery with Kindler syndrome. Gynecol Obstet Invest; 2007;64(2):72-4
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  • Mucosal manifestations are common that involve the oral cavity, esophagus, urethra and genital organs.


57. Obenauer S, Plothe KD, Ringert RH, Heuser M: Imaging of genitourinary trauma. Scand J Urol Nephrol; 2006;40(5):416-22
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  • The kidney, bladder and male urethra are the organs typically injured by blunt and penetrating trauma to the urinary tract, whereas the ureter is only rarely injured.
  • [MeSH-minor] Angiography. Contrast Media. Female. Hemostatic Techniques. Humans. Kidney / injuries. Kidney / radiography. Magnetic Resonance Angiography. Male. Radiography, Interventional. Tomography, X-Ray Computed. Trauma Severity Indices. Ureter / injuries. Ureter / radiography. Urethra / injuries. Urethra / radiography. Urinary Bladder / injuries. Urinary Bladder / radiography. Urography

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  • (PMID = 17060089.001).
  • [ISSN] 0036-5599
  • [Journal-full-title] Scandinavian journal of urology and nephrology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Scand. J. Urol. Nephrol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Sweden
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Contrast Media
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58. Huang XJ, Yao MY, Wang XM: [Radioactive damage induced by interstitial 125I seed implantation to rabbit urethra]. Zhonghua Nan Ke Xue; 2008 Aug;14(8):709-12
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  • [Title] [Radioactive damage induced by interstitial 125I seed implantation to rabbit urethra].
  • OBJECTIVE: To assess the radioactive damage induced by interstitial 125I seed implantation to the rabbit urethra.
  • METHODS: We implanted 24 rabbits with 125I seeds 1.0 cm to the urethra at the radiation dose of 14.8 MBq (Group A), 29.6 MBq (Group B) and 44.4 MBq (Group C), while a non-radioactive seed was implanted near the urethra of the controls (Group D).
  • Four weeks later, we detected the radiation-induced pathological and morphological changes in the urethra by H&E, light microscopy and electron microscopy.
  • RESULTS: Four weeks after the implantation, no obvious histopathological and ultrastructural changes were observed in the urethral tissues of the experimental rabbits as compared with the control group.
  • The scores on the radioactive damages to the urethra obtained by light microscopy were (2.20 +/- 0.18), (2.23 +/- 0.15), (2.27 +/- 0.10) and (2.10 +/- 0.17) respectively in Group A, B, C and D, with no significant differences between the first three groups and the control (P > 0.05).
  • CONCLUSION: The radioactive damage induced by 125I seeds to the urethra increases with the enhanced radiation dose.
  • Intraoperative implantation of 125I seeds at the prescription dose has no obvious adverse effect on the rabbit urethra.
  • [MeSH-major] Radiation Injuries, Experimental / pathology. Urethra / pathology. Urethra / radiation effects

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  • (PMID = 18817343.001).
  • [ISSN] 1009-3591
  • [Journal-full-title] Zhonghua nan ke xue = National journal of andrology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Zhonghua Nan Ke Xue
  • [Language] chi
  • [Publication-type] English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] China
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Iodine Radioisotopes
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59. Grima F, Paparel P, Devonec M, Perrin P, Caillot JL, Ruffion A: [Management of corpus cavernosum trauma]. Prog Urol; 2006 Feb;16(1):12-8
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  • An associated rupture of the urethra must be excluded.
  • Complications of these fractures of the tunica albuginea especially comprise erectile dysfunction, deviation of the erect penis, development of plaques resembling those of La Peyronie disease, urethro-cavernous or urethro-cutaneous fistula or dysuria secondary to urethral stricture.
  • [MeSH-minor] Adolescent. Adult. Aged, 80 and over. Child. Humans. Male. Middle Aged. Rupture / diagnosis. Rupture / therapy

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  • (PMID = 16526533.001).
  • [ISSN] 1166-7087
  • [Journal-full-title] Progrès en urologie : journal de l'Association française d'urologie et de la Société française d'urologie
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Prog. Urol.
  • [Language] fre
  • [Publication-type] English Abstract; Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] France
  • [Number-of-references] 95
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60. Bae KS, Jeon SH, Lee SJ, Lee CH, Chang SG, Lim JW, Kim JI: Complete duplication of bladder and urethra in coronal plane with no other anomalies: case report with review of the literature. Urology; 2005 Feb;65(2):388
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  • [Title] Complete duplication of bladder and urethra in coronal plane with no other anomalies: case report with review of the literature.
  • Complete duplication of the bladder and urethra is a very rare congenital anomaly that is usually associated with other congenital anomalies.
  • We report the case of a 7-year-old boy with complete duplication of the bladder and urethra in the anteroposterior plane, without any other associated congenital anomalies.
  • [MeSH-major] Abnormalities, Multiple / diagnosis. Urethra / abnormalities. Urinary Bladder / abnormalities

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  • (PMID = 15708061.001).
  • [ISSN] 1527-9995
  • [Journal-full-title] Urology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Urology
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Number-of-references] 7
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61. Shamsa A, Kajbafzadeh AM, Javad Parizadeh SM, Zare MA, Abolbashari M: Aphallia associated with urethro-rectal fistula and stones in the bladder and urethra. Saudi J Kidney Dis Transpl; 2008 May;19(3):435-8
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  • [Title] Aphallia associated with urethro-rectal fistula and stones in the bladder and urethra.
  • We present herewith a 18-month-old child who presented with aphallia and urethro-scrotal fistula along with stones in the bladder and urethra.
  • [MeSH-major] Penis / abnormalities. Rectal Fistula / complications. Urethral Diseases / complications. Urinary Bladder Calculi / complications. Urinary Fistula / complications

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  • (PMID = 18445906.001).
  • [ISSN] 1319-2442
  • [Journal-full-title] Saudi journal of kidney diseases and transplantation : an official publication of the Saudi Center for Organ Transplantation, Saudi Arabia
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Saudi J Kidney Dis Transpl
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Saudi Arabia
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62. N A, M A S, M N, K A: Jelly belly test. J Coll Physicians Surg Pak; 2006 Jun;16(6):434
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  • A technique is described as how to appreciate urethral obstruction prior to attempt at catheterization to avoid injury to urethra.
  • In this technique anesthetic jelly is administered through external urinary meatus, which leads to distension of distal urethra in case of obstruction.
  • [MeSH-major] Chlorhexidine / administration & dosage. Lidocaine / administration & dosage. Urethra / drug effects. Urethral Obstruction / diagnosis

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  • (PMID = 16787627.001).
  • [ISSN] 1022-386X
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of the College of Physicians and Surgeons--Pakistan : JCPSP
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Coll Physicians Surg Pak
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Pakistan
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Anesthetics; 0 / Drug Combinations; 8060-72-8 / chlorhexidine gluconate, lidocaine drug combination; 98PI200987 / Lidocaine; R4KO0DY52L / Chlorhexidine
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63. Bablumyan A: [Interrelation of hyperactivity of bladder and infravesical obstruction in patients with benign prostate hyperplasia]. Georgian Med News; 2010 Dec;(189):7-11
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  • [Title] [Interrelation of hyperactivity of bladder and infravesical obstruction in patients with benign prostate hyperplasia].
  • The analysis of the data presented in the review convincingly shows the correlation between infravesical obstruction (IVO), caused by pressing of urethra by enlarged prostate, and the development of detrusor hyperactivity.
  • [MeSH-minor] Humans. Male. Urethra / pathology. Urethra / physiopathology. Urinary Bladder / pathology. Urinary Bladder / physiopathology. Urodynamics

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  • (PMID = 21252402.001).
  • [ISSN] 1512-0112
  • [Journal-full-title] Georgian medical news
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Georgian Med News
  • [Language] rus
  • [Publication-type] English Abstract; Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] Georgia (Republic)
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64. Petrov SB, Imamverdiev SB, Bakhyshov AA, Kurenkov AV: [Correction of stress urinary incontinence in women with a free suburethral sling]. Urologiia; 2008 Jan-Feb;(1):38-40
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  • The most serious problem which must be solved in surgical treatment of stress urinary incontinence is providing adequate support for the middle urethra or urinary bladder neck with minimal sling tension.
  • High frequency of positive results of implantation of a free synthetic sling is explained by the fact that a prolen tape does not extend and reliably arrests shift of the vesico-urethral angle in elevation of intraperitoneal pressure unlike other artificial supports (a fascial loop, fixing ligatures, ect.).
  • [MeSH-major] Suburethral Slings. Urethra / surgery. Urinary Bladder / surgery. Urinary Incontinence, Stress / surgery

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  • (PMID = 18649678.001).
  • [ISSN] 1728-2985
  • [Journal-full-title] Urologii︠a︡ (Moscow, Russia : 1999)
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Urologiia
  • [Language] rus
  • [Publication-type] English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Russia (Federation)
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65. Erekson EA, Sung VW, Rardin CR, Myers DL: Ethylene vinyl alcohol copolymer erosions after use as a urethral bulking agent. Obstet Gynecol; 2007 Feb;109(2 Pt2):490-2
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  • [Title] Ethylene vinyl alcohol copolymer erosions after use as a urethral bulking agent.
  • CASE: We report on two patients who underwent injection with ethylene vinyl alcohol copolymer who were later found to have urethral erosions.
  • CONCLUSION: Information regarding complications after ethylene vinyl alcohol copolymer urethral injections is currently limited.
  • Symptomatic and asymptomatic erosions of ethylene vinyl alcohol copolymer in the urethra, bladder, and vaginal mucosa are possible complications after this procedure.
  • [MeSH-major] Foreign-Body Migration / diagnosis. Polyvinyls / adverse effects. Prostheses and Implants / adverse effects. Urethra / surgery. Urinary Incontinence, Stress / surgery
  • [MeSH-minor] Adverse Drug Reaction Reporting Systems. Aged. Databases, Factual. Diagnosis, Differential. Female. Humans. Injections

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  • [CommentIn] Obstet Gynecol. 2007 Feb;109(2 Pt2):481-2 [17267865.001]
  • (PMID = 17267869.001).
  • [ISSN] 0029-7844
  • [Journal-full-title] Obstetrics and gynecology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Obstet Gynecol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Polyvinyls; 25067-34-9 / ethylene-vinyl alcohol copolymer
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66. Gofrit ON, Pode D, Pizov G, Zorn KC, Katz R, Shapiro A: Prostatic urothelial carcinoma: is transurethral prostatectomy necessary before bacillus Calmette-Guérin immunotherapy? BJU Int; 2009 Apr;103(7):905-8
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  • Response was determined and monitored by periodic bladder and prostatic urethra biopsies and urinary cytology.
  • The prostatic urethra 5-year recurrence-free survival rate was 90%.
  • However, bladder and prostatic urethra 5-year recurrence-free survival rate was only 30%.
  • The long-term prostatic urethra CR rate in studies using TURP before immunotherapy was significantly higher than the CR rate in studies using immunotherapy alone (P < 0.001).
  • However, there was no difference when bladder and prostatic urethra CR rates were considered together (P = 0.54).
  • [MeSH-minor] Administration, Intravesical. Aged. Combined Modality Therapy. Humans. Male. Neoplasm Recurrence, Local. Survival Rate. Treatment Outcome

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  • (PMID = 19021623.001).
  • [ISSN] 1464-410X
  • [Journal-full-title] BJU international
  • [ISO-abbreviation] BJU Int.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Adjuvants, Immunologic; 0 / Antineoplastic Agents; 0 / BCG Vaccine
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67. Jaber S: Successful removal of a foreign body from the urethra. Saudi J Kidney Dis Transpl; 2009 Mar;20(2):293-4
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  • [Title] Successful removal of a foreign body from the urethra.
  • [MeSH-major] Foreign-Body Migration / surgery. Ureteroscopy / methods. Urethra / injuries
  • [MeSH-minor] Adolescent. Diagnosis, Differential. Humans. Male. Urography

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  • (PMID = 19237825.001).
  • [ISSN] 1319-2442
  • [Journal-full-title] Saudi journal of kidney diseases and transplantation : an official publication of the Saudi Center for Organ Transplantation, Saudi Arabia
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Saudi J Kidney Dis Transpl
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Letter
  • [Publication-country] Saudi Arabia
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68. Ceylan K, Köseoğlu B, Tan O, Atik B: Urethrocutaneous fistula: a case report. Int Urol Nephrol; 2006;38(1):163-5
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  • This is a case description of a hypospadiac congenital urethrocutaneous fistula of the anterior urethra.
  • METHODS/RESULTS: After the chordee was corrected by removing dysgenetic tissue in urethral plate, urethral defect was repaired with tranverse preputial island flap.
  • We reported a case with hypospadiac congenital urethrocutaneous fistula of the anterior urethra treated with tranverse preputial island flap.
  • [MeSH-major] Cutaneous Fistula / complications. Cutaneous Fistula / congenital. Hypospadias / complications. Urethral Diseases / complications. Urethral Diseases / congenital

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  • [Cites] Plast Reconstr Surg. 1976 Feb;57(2):237-9 [1250897.001]
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  • (PMID = 16502075.001).
  • [ISSN] 0301-1623
  • [Journal-full-title] International urology and nephrology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Int Urol Nephrol
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69. Barbisan F, Mazzucchelli R, Scarpelli M, Lopez-Beltran A, Cheng L, Kirkali Z, Montironi R: Urothelial and incidental prostate carcinoma in prostates from cystoprostatectomies for bladder cancer: is there a relationship between urothelial and prostate cancer? BJU Int; 2009 Apr;103(8):1058-63
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  • UCP was separately evaluated for UC originating from the urethra and peri-urethral ducts (PUC) and for direct extension of bladder UC.
  • UC can arise from extension of trigonal or bladder-neck tumours, proximal prostate ducts/urethra, or from cell implantation from manipulation of vesical neoplasms.
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Aged. Aged, 80 and over. Carcinoma in Situ / pathology. Carcinoma in Situ / surgery. Humans. Incidental Findings. Male. Middle Aged. Neoplasm Invasiveness


70. Brading AF: Spontaneous activity of lower urinary tract smooth muscles: correlation between ion channels and tissue function. J Physiol; 2006 Jan 1;570(Pt 1):13-22
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  • Smooth muscles from the urethra and bladder display characteristic patterns of spontaneous contractile activity in the filling phase of the micturition cycle.
  • Tonic contractions are seen in the urethral smooth muscles, and phasic contractions occur in the detrusor.
  • [MeSH-minor] Animals. Calcium Channels / metabolism. Humans. Potassium Channels / metabolism. Urethra / metabolism. Urinary Bladder / metabolism

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  • (PMID = 16210349.001).
  • [ISSN] 0022-3751
  • [Journal-full-title] The Journal of physiology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Physiol. (Lond.)
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Calcium Channels; 0 / Ion Channels; 0 / Potassium Channels
  • [Number-of-references] 59
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC1464291
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71. Zhang SW, Bai YZ, Zhang SC, Wang DJ, Zhang T, Zhang D, Wang WL: Embryonic development of the striated muscle complex in rats with anorectal malformations. J Pediatr Surg; 2008 Aug;43(8):1452-8
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  • RESULTS: On E16, in normal group, SMC appeared fibroid structure in normal rats; SMC arose from bulbocavernosus muscle and ran backward, parallel to the perineal skin, and loosely surrounded the anal canal and urethra.
  • Striated muscle complex shifted obviously cephalad, ventrally, and medianward and converged inferior to the rectal terminus and posterior to the urethra.
  • This structure surrounded the fiberlike tissue posterior to the urethra.

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  • (PMID = 18675634.001).
  • [ISSN] 1531-5037
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of pediatric surgery
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Pediatr. Surg.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] United States
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72. Coronel Sánchez B, Ferrero Doria R, Moreno Pérez F, García Víctor F, Gasso Matoses M, Díaz Calleja E: [Inverted papilloma of the bladder with recurrence in prostatic urethra]. Actas Urol Esp; 2005 Nov-Dec;29(10):989-92
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  • [Title] [Inverted papilloma of the bladder with recurrence in prostatic urethra].
  • [Transliterated title] Papiloma invertido vesical con recidiva en uretra prostática.
  • We present a case of inverted papilloma of the bladder with recurrence in prostatic urethra after four years of follow-up.
  • [MeSH-major] Papilloma, Inverted / pathology. Urethral Neoplasms / pathology. Urinary Bladder Neoplasms / pathology
  • [MeSH-minor] Humans. Male. Middle Aged. Neoplasm Invasiveness

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  • (PMID = 16447600.001).
  • [ISSN] 0210-4806
  • [Journal-full-title] Actas urologicas espanolas
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Actas Urol Esp
  • [Language] spa
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; English Abstract; Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] Spain
  • [Number-of-references] 15
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73. Spahn M, Kocot A, Riedmiller H: [Interventional and surgical treatment of urethral strictures. End-to-end anastomosis]. Urologe A; 2010 Jun;49(6):720, 722-6
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  • [Title] [Interventional and surgical treatment of urethral strictures. End-to-end anastomosis].
  • [Transliterated title] Interventionelle und operative Behandlung der Harnröhrenenge: End-zu-End-Anastomose.
  • Excision with primary anastomosis is an excellent reconstructive option for short bulbar and membranous urethral strictures.
  • Success with this reliable method is based on adequate excision of the complete urethral stricture and sufficient mobilization of the urethra with tension-free anastomosis.
  • Resection of the stricture and urethral end-to-end anastomosis represents the "gold-standard" in the treatment of bulbar and membraneous strictures up to a length of 3 cm.
  • [MeSH-major] Anastomosis, Surgical / methods. Urethral Stricture / surgery
  • [MeSH-minor] Benchmarking. Catheters, Indwelling. Evidence-Based Medicine. Follow-Up Studies. Humans. Male. Patient Selection. Postoperative Complications / diagnostic imaging. Postoperative Complications / etiology. Ultrasonography. Urethra / surgery. Urography

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  • (PMID = 20544334.001).
  • [ISSN] 1433-0563
  • [Journal-full-title] Der Urologe. Ausg. A
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Urologe A
  • [Language] ger
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Germany
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74. Routh JC, Husmann DA: Long-term continence outcomes after immediate repair of pediatric bladder neck lacerations extending into the urethra. J Urol; 2007 Oct;178(4 Pt 2):1816-8; discussion 1818
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  • [Title] Long-term continence outcomes after immediate repair of pediatric bladder neck lacerations extending into the urethra.
  • PURPOSE: Traumatic bladder neck lacerations extending into the urethra are devastating injuries that occur more commonly in children than in adults.
  • MATERIALS AND METHODS: Since 1986, we have primarily repaired all individuals sustaining traumatic longitudinal bladder neck lacerations extending into the urethra within 24 hours of injury.
  • RESULTS: A total of 12 patients 2 to 16 years old sustained longitudinal bladder neck lacerations extending into the proximal urethra.
  • CONCLUSIONS: Traumatic longitudinal bladder neck and proximal urethral lacerations are devastating injuries fraught with long-term complications and the need for additional surgery despite immediate surgical repair.
  • Bladder neck closure and continent diversion should be considered in girls with substantial traumatic urethral loss and in boys with persistent urinary incontinence following primary repair.
  • [MeSH-major] Urethra / injuries. Urethra / surgery. Urinary Bladder / injuries. Urinary Bladder / surgery. Urinary Incontinence / etiology. Urinary Incontinence / surgery. Urologic Surgical Procedures / methods

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  • (PMID = 17707005.001).
  • [ISSN] 0022-5347
  • [Journal-full-title] The Journal of urology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Urol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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75. Trabelsi A, Abdelkrim SB, Rammeh S, Stita W, Sorba NB, Mokni M, Ahmed SB, Korbi S: Clear cell adenocarcinoma of a female urethra: A case report and review of the literature. N Am J Med Sci; 2009 Nov;1(6):321-3
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  • [Title] Clear cell adenocarcinoma of a female urethra: A case report and review of the literature.
  • CONTEXT: Clear cell adenocarcinoma of the urethra is an extremely rare tumour.
  • CASE REPORT: We report a new case of clear cell adenocarcinoma of the proximal urethra in a 56-year-old woman who presented with grossly hematuria.
  • Urethral cystoscopy revealed a tumour protruding from the posterior urethral wall at the bladder neck.
  • Histologically, the neoplasm consisted of clear cell adenocarcinoma of the urethra.
  • CONCLUSION: It appears that female urethral adenocarcinoma has more than one tissue of origin.

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  • (PMID = 22666717.001).
  • [ISSN] 2250-1541
  • [Journal-full-title] North American journal of medical sciences
  • [ISO-abbreviation] N Am J Med Sci
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] India
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC3364636
  • [Keywords] NOTNLM ; Clear cell carcinoma / histopathology / urethra
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76. Neĭmark AI, Iurova VA, Neĭmark BA, Aliev RT: [Characteristic of gram-positive microorganisms isolated during chronic bacterial prostatitis]. Zh Mikrobiol Epidemiol Immunobiol; 2010 Sep-Oct;(5):73-7
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  • AIM: To study microbial spectrum of urethra and prostate secretions (PS) in patients with chronic bacterial prostatitis (CBP) as well biological characteristics and pathogenicity factors of isolated staphylococci.
  • Fourty-six samples of PS, 28 samples of urethra secretions, and 153 strains of microorganisms were studied.
  • RESULTS: It was revealed that Gram-positive microorganisms, mostly Staphylococcus spp. and Enterococcus spp., were most frequently isolated from PS and urethra.
  • Isolated microorganisms had secreting pathogenicity factors and were resistance to multiple antibiotics that could promote their persistence in prostate tissues and urethra.

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  • (PMID = 21061581.001).
  • [ISSN] 0372-9311
  • [Journal-full-title] Zhurnal mikrobiologii, epidemiologii, i immunobiologii
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Zh. Mikrobiol. Epidemiol. Immunobiol.
  • [Language] rus
  • [Publication-type] English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Russia (Federation)
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Anti-Bacterial Agents; 0 / Virulence Factors; EC 3.5.1.5 / Urease
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77. Friédérich L, Sergent F, Marpeau L: [Ideas to make the TVT progress]. Gynecol Obstet Fertil; 2006 Apr;34(4):326-8
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  • An infiltration of 1% Xylocaïne half diluted is carried out in the area laterally to the urethra and the bladder, through vaginal and pubic ways.

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  • (PMID = 16574461.001).
  • [ISSN] 1297-9589
  • [Journal-full-title] Gynécologie, obstétrique & fertilité
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Gynecol Obstet Fertil
  • [Language] fre
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] France
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78. Glavind K, Kempf L: Colpectomy or Le Fort colpocleisis--a good option in selected elderly patients. Int Urogynecol J Pelvic Floor Dysfunct; 2005 Jan-Feb;16(1):48-51; discussion 51
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  • Forty-two patients were operated by either colpectomy or colpocleisis during which special care was taken not to involve the area beneath the urethra.
  • No cases of recurrence of the vault prolapse and no cases of de novo incontinence were observed after 3 months.

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  • [Cites] Am J Obstet Gynecol. 1997 Jun;176(6):1228-32; discussion 1232-5 [9215178.001]
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  • (PMID = 15322743.001).
  • [Journal-full-title] International urogynecology journal and pelvic floor dysfunction
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Int Urogynecol J Pelvic Floor Dysfunct
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Clinical Trial; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] England
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79. Anderson C, Lowe G, Ostler P, Inchley D, Hardiman C, Wills R, Bryant L, Chapman C, Marchant N, Hoskin PJ: I-125 seed planning: an alternative method of urethra definition. Radiother Oncol; 2010 Jan;94(1):24-9
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  • [Title] I-125 seed planning: an alternative method of urethra definition.
  • BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: To investigate the use of aerated aqueous gel rather than a catheter to define the urethra during permanent I-125 seed implant planning.
  • MATERIALS AND METHODS: Twenty patients were treated between September 2007 and March 2008, each having two sequential volume studies: one visualizing the urethra with a catheter and the other using aerated gel.
  • Three patients had MRI post-implant to check urethral position and dosimetry.
  • RESULTS: The urethra appears larger when defined with gel rather than when defined with a catheter, with volumes of 0.9+/-0.3 [range: 0.6-1.6]cc and 0.7+/-0.2 [range: 0.4-1.0]cc, respectively.
  • The urethra appears to receive a higher dose when defined with gel with V(150) being 0.5+/-0.7 [range: 0-2.8]% and 0.2+/-0.2 [range: 0-2.6]% for gel- and catheter-defined urethras.
  • Putting the catheter plan on the gel image set shows a significant increase in urethral dose with V(150) urethra increasing significantly from 0.2+/-0.2 [range: 0-0.6]% from the catheter plan to 15.3+/-11.9 [range: 0.8-47.0]% for the catheter plan on gel image set (p<0.001).
  • CONCLUSIONS: This investigation has shown that the urethral position is distorted by the presence of a urinary catheter.
  • [MeSH-major] Prostatic Neoplasms / pathology. Prostatic Neoplasms / radiotherapy. Urethra

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  • [Copyright] Copyright 2009 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved.
  • (PMID = 20005590.001).
  • [ISSN] 1879-0887
  • [Journal-full-title] Radiotherapy and oncology : journal of the European Society for Therapeutic Radiology and Oncology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Radiother Oncol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Ireland
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80. Kim CS, Koh PO, Cho JH, Park OS, Cho KW, Kim GS, Won CK: Sacrocaudal agenesis in a Korean native calf (Bos Taurus Coreanae). J Vet Med Sci; 2007 Jun;69(6):653-5
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  • The rectum was greatly expanded by the imperforate anus and a rectourethral fistula was formed between the rectum and urethra.

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  • (PMID = 17611365.001).
  • [ISSN] 0916-7250
  • [Journal-full-title] The Journal of veterinary medical science
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Vet. Med. Sci.
  • [Language] ENG
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Japan
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81. Perera ND, Senanayake L, Vithana VH, Fernando R: An unusual presentation of female urethral leiomyoma. Ceylon Med J; 2005 Mar;50(1):31-3
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  • [Title] An unusual presentation of female urethral leiomyoma.
  • Leiomyoma of the urethra is a rare clinical entity.
  • We report an unusual presentation of this tumour, which led to a diagnostic and surgical dilemma.
  • The tumour (8 x 10 cm) was completely excised with reconstruction of the bladder and urethra.
  • [MeSH-major] Leiomyoma / diagnosis. Urethral Neoplasms / diagnosis
  • [MeSH-minor] Adolescent. Diagnosis, Differential. Female. Humans. Urethra / pathology

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  • (PMID = 15881563.001).
  • [ISSN] 0009-0875
  • [Journal-full-title] The Ceylon medical journal
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Ceylon Med J
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Sri Lanka
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82. Sitapara A, Popat S: Urethral polyp in neonate: a rare occurrence. J Pediatr Surg; 2005 Nov;40(11):e73-4
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  • [Title] Urethral polyp in neonate: a rare occurrence.
  • Polyps of urethra as well as those in an anterior urethra in a male neonate are a rare abnormality, hence this publication.
  • They usually present as either obstructive urinary symptoms in males or as an intralabial mass in females (Raviv G, Leibovitch I, Hanani J, et al., Hematuria and voiding disorders in children caused by congenital urethral polyps: principals of diagnosis and management.
  • [MeSH-major] Polyps / surgery. Urethral Diseases / surgery

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  • (PMID = 16291150.001).
  • [ISSN] 1531-5037
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of pediatric surgery
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Pediatr. Surg.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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83. Subotic S, Rassweiler J: Experimental evaluation of suture support in bladder-neck suspension for the treatment of female stress urinary incontinence. J Endourol; 2007 Aug;21(8):931-8
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  • Compared with tension-free vaginal tape, it provides the advantage that paraurethral suspension prevents erosion of a foreign body through the urethra.

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  • (PMID = 17867957.001).
  • [ISSN] 0892-7790
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of endourology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Endourol.
  • [Language] ENG
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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84. Acharya AM, Mishra DR: Complete eversion and prolapse of bladder following pulling out of a Foley catheter concurrent with uterine prolapse. Indian J Urol; 2007 Oct;23(4):474-5
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  • Under injection Midazolam sedation and with application of xylocain jelly the prolapsed bladder could be reduced manually back through the urethra.

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  • (PMID = 19718308.001).
  • [ISSN] 0970-1591
  • [Journal-full-title] Indian journal of urology : IJU : journal of the Urological Society of India
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Indian J Urol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] India
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC2721584
  • [Keywords] NOTNLM ; Bladder / eversion / prolapse
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86. Buck BC, Herder V, Wohlsein P, Distl O: [Fissura pelvina with an abdominal hernia and ectopic bladder aperture in a female German Holstein calf]. Berl Munch Tierarztl Wochenschr; 2009 Mar-Apr;122(3-4):121-5
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  • Furthermore, the calf had an ectopic bladder aperture, but an urethra could not be found.
  • [MeSH-major] Cattle / abnormalities. Cattle Diseases / diagnosis. Cervix Uteri / abnormalities. Hernia, Abdominal / veterinary. Urinary Bladder Diseases / veterinary


87. Stewart AJ, Cormack RA, Lee H, Xiong L, Hansen JL, O'Farrell DA, Viswanathan AN: Prospective clinical trial of bladder filling and three-dimensional dosimetry in high-dose-rate vaginal cuff brachytherapy. Int J Radiat Oncol Biol Phys; 2008 Nov 1;72(3):843-8
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  • Dose-volume histogram and dose-surface histogram values were generated for the bladder, rectum, and urethra.

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  • (PMID = 18395360.001).
  • [ISSN] 1879-355X
  • [Journal-full-title] International journal of radiation oncology, biology, physics
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Int. J. Radiat. Oncol. Biol. Phys.
  • [Language] ENG
  • [Grant] United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / CA117979-04; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / K07 CA117979-04; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / K07 CA117979-01; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / CA117979-02; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / CA117979-01; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / K07 CA117979; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / K07 CA117979-02; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / K07 CA117979-03; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / CA117979-03
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ NIHMS191697; NLM/ PMC2877499
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88. Maranya GA, Al-Ammary YA, Oduor PR: Reconstruction of urethral injuries. East Afr Med J; 2007 Aug;84(8):356-62
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  • [Title] Reconstruction of urethral injuries.
  • OBJECTIVES: To highlight the complexity of urethral injuries and to emphasise their prevention.
  • RESULTS: Surgery for urethral injuries was done on 22 patients; 16 were of the posterior urethra, five bulbar urethra and one proximal penile urethra.
  • The posterior urethral injuries were due to: pelvic fracture in 14, penetrating stick in one, and one animal injury by a buffalo.
  • The bulbar urethral injuries were due to straddle injuries in four and one gunshot injury.
  • The penile urethral injury was by compression of the subject by a motor vehicle against a wall.
  • Surgery for all bulbar and the penile urethral injuries was successful.
  • Failure of repair with restenosis occurred in four patients with posterior urethral injuries.
  • Sutureless membranous urethroplasty was done in two patients with posterior urethral injuries in whom sutures could not be inserted into the proximal prostatic urethra.
  • At repeat surgery enhanced scarring with urethral shortening were found and the operation was abandoned.
  • CONCLUSION: Urethral injuries are difficult to manage.
  • Iatrogenic injuries can be avoided by due care during catheterisation and urethral instrumentation.
  • [MeSH-major] Treatment Outcome. Urethra / injuries. Urethral Diseases / surgery

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  • (PMID = 17970002.001).
  • [ISSN] 0012-835X
  • [Journal-full-title] East African medical journal
  • [ISO-abbreviation] East Afr Med J
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Kenya
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89. Pozor M: Diagnostic applications of ultrasonography to stallion's reproductive tract. Theriogenology; 2005 Aug;64(3):505-9
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  • Varicocele and thickened vaginal tunics were associated with decreased quality of semen, while cysts of the epididymal head, urethra and uterus masculinus were frequently associated with ejaculatory problems.

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  • (PMID = 15961150.001).
  • [ISSN] 0093-691X
  • [Journal-full-title] Theriogenology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Theriogenology
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] United States
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90. Song NH, Wu HF, Sun YM, Hua LX, Su JT: [Extraperitoneal laparoscopic radical prostatectomy: a report of 2 cases]. Zhonghua Nan Ke Xue; 2005 Feb;11(2):130-1, 135
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  • The final step was to connect the urethra and bladder neck.
  • [MeSH-minor] Aged. Anastomosis, Surgical. Humans. Male. Peritoneum. Urethra / surgery. Urinary Bladder / surgery

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  • (PMID = 15755034.001).
  • [ISSN] 1009-3591
  • [Journal-full-title] Zhonghua nan ke xue = National journal of andrology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Zhonghua Nan Ke Xue
  • [Language] chi
  • [Publication-type] English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] China
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91. Ficarra V, Zattoni F, Cunico SC, Galetti TP, Luciani L, Fandella A, Guazzieri S, Maruzzi D, Sava T, Siracusano S, Pilloni S, Tasca A, Martignoni G, Gardiman M, Tardanico R, Zambolin T, Cisternino A, Artibani W, Gruppo Uro-Oncologico del Nord Est (Northeast Uro-Oncological Group) Penile Cancer Project: Lymphatic and vascular embolizations are independent predictive variables of inguinal lymph node involvement in patients with squamous cell carcinoma of the penis: Gruppo Uro-Oncologico del Nord Est (Northeast Uro-Oncological Group) Penile Cancer data base data. Cancer; 2005 Jun 15;103(12):2507-16
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  • After analyzing the whole group of patients, the following variables were identified as independent predictors of pathologic lymph node metastasis: clinical lymph node status, pathologic stage of the primary tumor, venous and lymphatic embolizations, and histologic grade.
  • In the subgroup of patients with clinically negative lymph nodes, tumor thickness, histologic grade, lymphatic and venous embolizations, infiltration of both corpus spongiosum and urethra, and pathologic stage of the primary tumor (according to the 1997 TNM classification system) were predictive of lymph node involvement on univariate analysis.
  • The generated logistic regression model showed that venous and/or lymphatic embolizations and infiltration of the corpus spongiosum and/or urethra were independent predictors of pathologic lymph node metastasis in patients with clinically negative lymph nodes.
  • CONCLUSIONS: Venous and/or lymphatic embolizations played relevant roles as predictors of pathologic lymph node involvement in patients with penile neoplasia and should be considered important parameters in determining which patients with clinically negative lymph nodes should undergo immediate lymphadenectomy.
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Aged. Aged, 80 and over. Humans. Lymphatic Metastasis. Male. Middle Aged. Neoplasm Invasiveness / pathology. Neoplasm Staging. Prognosis

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  • [Copyright] Copyright 2005 American Cancer Society.
  • (PMID = 15856474.001).
  • [ISSN] 0008-543X
  • [Journal-full-title] Cancer
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Cancer
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Multicenter Study
  • [Publication-country] United States
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92. Tincello DG, Taylor AH, Spurling SM, Bell SC: Receptor isoforms that mediate estrogen and progestagen action in the female lower urinary tract. J Urol; 2009 Mar;181(3):1474-82
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  • MATERIALS AND METHODS: Prospectively recruited women undergoing routine urogynecological or gynecological surgery provided cold cup biopsy samples from the bladder dome, trigone, and proximal and distal urethra.
  • Nuclear progesterone receptor expression was present in urethral squamous epithelium only.
  • Progesterone receptor expression is confined to urethral squamous epithelium and the major isoform is progesterone receptor A.
  • [MeSH-major] Receptors, Estrogen / analysis. Receptors, Estrogen / physiology. Receptors, Progesterone / analysis. Receptors, Progesterone / physiology. Urethra / chemistry. Urinary Bladder / chemistry

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  • (PMID = 19157432.001).
  • [ISSN] 1527-3792
  • [Journal-full-title] The Journal of urology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Urol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Protein Isoforms; 0 / Receptors, Estrogen; 0 / Receptors, Progesterone
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93. Farrugia MK, Long DA, Godley ML, Peebles DM, Fry CH, Cuckow PM, Woolf AS: Experimental short-term fetal bladder outflow obstruction: I. Morphology and cell biology associated with urinary flow impairment. J Pediatr Urol; 2006 Aug;2(4):243-53
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  • PURPOSE: In fetal sheep, combined urethral and urachal obstruction initiated at 75 days' gestation and maintained for 30 days led to dysmorphic bladders, similar to those found in humans with prune belly syndrome, and uniformly disrupted kidney development.
  • We aimed to create a less severe model of fetal bladder outlet obstruction, more closely resembling infants with posterior urethral valves, and additionally to further our understanding on the role of the urachus.
  • MATERIALS AND METHODS: Male fetal lambs were assigned to urachal and urethral ligation, urachal ligation only or sham operations.
  • RESULTS: Concurrent urachal and urethral obstruction resulted in increased bladder weight, and protein and DNA content.
  • Urachal obstruction alone produced similar changes suggesting that the male sheep fetal urethra is a high-resistance conduit in mid-gestation.
  • CONCLUSIONS: Concurrent urachal and urethral obstruction, or urachal obstruction alone, initiated in mid-gestation and maintained for 9 days leads to bladder overgrowth but preserved renal tubular function.

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  • (PMID = 18947617.001).
  • [ISSN] 1873-4898
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of pediatric urology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Pediatr Urol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] England
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94. Lane BR, Stein DE, Remzi FH, Strong SA, Fazio VW, Angermeier KW: Management of radiotherapy induced rectourethral fistula. J Urol; 2006 Apr;175(4):1382-7; discussion 1387-8
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  • Six patients were candidates for reconstruction with preservation of urinary and rectal function, including 5 who underwent proctectomy, staged colo-anal pull-through and BMG repair of the urethral defect.
  • The additional patient underwent primary closure of the rectum, BMG repair of the urethra and gracilis muscle interposition.
  • Successful fistula closure was achieved in the 9 patients who underwent urethral reconstruction.
  • In properly selected patients good outcomes can be expected following repair using BMG for the urethral defect along with colo-anal pull-through or primary rectal repair and gracilis muscle interposition.
  • [MeSH-major] Adenocarcinoma / radiotherapy. Prostatic Neoplasms / radiotherapy. Radiation Injuries / etiology. Radiation Injuries / surgery. Radiotherapy / adverse effects. Rectal Fistula / etiology. Rectal Fistula / surgery. Urethral Diseases / etiology. Urethral Diseases / surgery. Urinary Fistula / etiology. Urinary Fistula / surgery


95. Hamasaki T, Kondo Y, Ogata Y, Yoshida K, Kimura G, Shimizu H, Nishimura T: Advanced carcinoma of the prostatic urethra in a patient with marked response to chemotherapy, leading to preservation of the bladder. Int J Clin Oncol; 2010 Feb;15(1):109-11
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  • [Title] Advanced carcinoma of the prostatic urethra in a patient with marked response to chemotherapy, leading to preservation of the bladder.
  • We performed transurethral resection of the prostate (TUR-P) for a 66-year-old man with benign prostatic hyperplasia.
  • Pathological examination diagnosed poorly differentiated urothelial carcinoma of the urethra with broad prostatic permeation.
  • Computed tomography (CT) showed lymph node metastases from para-aortic to right/left external iliac and left obturator nodes, so clinical stage T3N2M0 carcinoma of the prostatic urethra was diagnosed.
  • Pathological findings of surgical specimens showed no residual carcinoma in the prostatic urethra or lymph nodes, although prostatic adenocarcinoma was recognized.
  • [MeSH-major] Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols / therapeutic use. Prostatic Neoplasms / secondary. Urethral Neoplasms / drug therapy

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  • (PMID = 20087614.001).
  • [ISSN] 1437-7772
  • [Journal-full-title] International journal of clinical oncology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Int. J. Clin. Oncol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Japan
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96. Panicker JN, de Sèze M, Fowler CJ: Rehabilitation in practice: neurogenic lower urinary tract dysfunction and its management. Clin Rehabil; 2010 Jul;24(7):579-89
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  • The lower urinary tract (bladder and urethra) has two roles: storage of urine and emptying at appropriate times.

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  • (PMID = 20584864.001).
  • [ISSN] 1477-0873
  • [Journal-full-title] Clinical rehabilitation
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Clin Rehabil
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't; Review
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Number-of-references] 41
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97. Wynn ML, Chang S, Peipins LA: Temporal patterns of conditions and symptoms potentially associated with ovarian cancer. J Womens Health (Larchmt); 2007 Sep;16(7):971-86
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  • RESULTS: In the 270 to 31 days prior to the case diagnosis dates, cases had nearly five times more recorded abdominal symptoms (36.2% vs. 7.5%), 3.5 times more recorded female genital symptoms (9.8% vs. 2.7%), and 1.5-2 times more recorded gastrointestinal symptoms (7.7% vs. 3.5%), urethra/urinary tract disorders (12.7% vs. 6.4%), and menopausal disorders (12.4% vs. 7.5%) than the comparison women.
  • However, when the data were examined in 30-day increments for these five diagnosed conditions, the rates for cases and comparison women only started to diverge as the cases' diagnosis drew closer-60-90 days prior.
  • CONCLUSIONS: The presence of ovarian cancer-related symptoms and conditions prior to diagnosis among cases was documented in claims data; however, this increase was most pronounced in the 2-3 months prior to diagnosis.
  • It is likely that physicians will see similar symptoms and conditions for women with and without ovarian cancer during most of the 9 months prior to the cases' diagnosis.
  • [MeSH-major] Ovarian Neoplasms / diagnosis. Ovarian Neoplasms / epidemiology. Risk Assessment / statistics & numerical data. Women's Health
  • [MeSH-minor] Abdominal Pain / diagnosis. Abdominal Pain / epidemiology. Adolescent. Adult. Aged. Causality. Comorbidity. Early Diagnosis. Female. Gastrointestinal Diseases / diagnosis. Gastrointestinal Diseases / epidemiology. Humans. Incidence. Medical History Taking / statistics & numerical data. Middle Aged. Neoplasm Staging. Pelvic Pain / diagnosis. Pelvic Pain / epidemiology. Prognosis. Reference Values. Retrospective Studies. Urination Disorders / diagnosis. Urination Disorders / epidemiology

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  • (PMID = 17903074.001).
  • [ISSN] 1540-9996
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of women's health (2002)
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Womens Health (Larchmt)
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Comparative Study; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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98. Xiao GQ, Burstein DE, Miller LK, Unger PD: Nephrogenic adenoma: immunohistochemical evaluation for its etiology and differentiation from prostatic adenocarcinoma. Arch Pathol Lab Med; 2006 Jun;130(6):805-10
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • CONTEXT: Nephrogenic adenoma is a rare benign lesion of the urinary tract.
  • In addition to its uncertain origin, there can be diagnostic difficulty in distinguishing nephrogenic adenoma from prostatic carcinoma, particularly when dealing with lesions from the prostatic urethra.
  • DESIGN: Immunohistochemical studies were performed for P504S, prostate-specific antigen, CD10, p63, and epithelial membrane antigen on 9 cases of nephrogenic adenoma, 10 cases of normal renal parenchyma, and 10 cases of prostatic tissue, both benign and malignant.
  • [MeSH-major] Adenocarcinoma / diagnosis. Adenoma / diagnosis. Immunohistochemistry / methods. Prostatic Neoplasms / diagnosis. Urologic Neoplasms / diagnosis
  • [MeSH-minor] Biomarkers, Tumor / analysis. Diagnosis, Differential. Humans. Male. Mucin-1 / analysis. Racemases and Epimerases / analysis. Urothelium / chemistry. Urothelium / pathology

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  • (PMID = 16740031.001).
  • [ISSN] 1543-2165
  • [Journal-full-title] Archives of pathology & laboratory medicine
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Arch. Pathol. Lab. Med.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Biomarkers, Tumor; 0 / Mucin-1; EC 5.1.- / Racemases and Epimerases; EC 5.1.99.4 / alpha-methylacyl-CoA racemase
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99. Mitterberger M, Peschel R, Frauscher F, Pinggera GM: Allen key completely in male urethra: a case report. Cases J; 2009;2:7408
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  • [Title] Allen key completely in male urethra: a case report.
  • INTRODUCTION: Various cases of self-inflicted foreign bodies in the male urethra have been reported.
  • CASE PRESENTATION: We report the first case of a patient who put an Allen key completely in his urethra.
  • CONCLUSION: A self-inflicted urethral foreign body is a rare situation.

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  • [Cites] J Med Case Rep. 2009;3:49 [19192284.001]
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  • (PMID = 19829954.001).
  • [ISSN] 1757-1626
  • [Journal-full-title] Cases journal
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Cases J
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC2740059
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100. Ham WS, Kim WT, Jeon HJ, Lee DH, Choi YD: Long-term outcome of simultaneous transurethral resection of bladder tumor and prostate in patients with nonmuscle invasive bladder tumor and bladder outlet obstruction. J Urol; 2009 Apr;181(4):1594-9; discussion 1599
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Long-term outcome of simultaneous transurethral resection of bladder tumor and prostate in patients with nonmuscle invasive bladder tumor and bladder outlet obstruction.
  • PURPOSE: We evaluated the long-term outcome of simultaneous transurethral bladder tumor and prostate resection in patients with nonmuscle invasive bladder tumor and bladder outlet obstruction.
  • MATERIALS AND METHODS: Between April 1997 and April 2006, 213 patients with nonmuscle invasive bladder tumor who had a minimum followup of 24 months were included in the study, including group 1-107 with transurethral resection of bladder tumor only and group 2-106 with transurethral bladder tumor and prostate resection.
  • Simultaneous transurethral bladder tumor and prostate resection was performed at surgeon discretion.
  • At a mean followup of 54.3 and 50.1 months in groups 1 and 2, respectively, group 2 patients with a tumor less than 3 cm or a single tumor had a significantly lower recurrence rate than group 1 patients.
  • None of the 31 patients with recurrence in group 2 had recurrence in the bladder neck or prostatic urethra where transurethral prostate resection had been done.
  • CONCLUSIONS: Simultaneous transurethral bladder tumor and prostate resection may help decrease bladder cancer recurrence and delay time to recurrence without the risk of cancer implantation when transurethral prostate resection is done, especially in patients with a papillary, solitary-appearing bladder lesion less than 3 cm.
  • [MeSH-minor] Aged. Humans. Male. Retrospective Studies. Time Factors. Treatment Outcome. Urethra

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  • (PMID = 19230913.001).
  • [ISSN] 1527-3792
  • [Journal-full-title] The Journal of urology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Urol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Comparative Study; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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