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1. Souza RF, Spechler SJ: Concepts in the prevention of adenocarcinoma of the distal esophagus and proximal stomach. CA Cancer J Clin; 2005 Nov-Dec;55(6):334-51
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  • [Title] Concepts in the prevention of adenocarcinoma of the distal esophagus and proximal stomach.
  • For decades, the incidence rates for squamous cell carcinoma of the esophagus and adenocarcinoma of the distal stomach have been declining while the rates for adenocarcinomas of the esophagus and gastric cardia have increased profoundly.
  • For adenocarcinomas that straddle the GEJ, it can be difficult to determine whether the tumor originated in the esophagus or in the gastric cardia.
  • This classification problem hampers studies on the epidemiology and pathogenesis of GEJ tumors.
  • Current concepts in the prevention of cancers of the distal esophagus and proximal stomach have emerged from advances in our understanding of the specific molecular events that occur during the evolution of these tumors.
  • The similarities and differences in risk factors, molecular pathogenesis, and in preventive strategies for adenocarcinomas of the esophagus and gastric cardia are highlighted.
  • [MeSH-major] Adenocarcinoma / prevention & control. Esophageal Neoplasms / prevention & control. Stomach Neoplasms / prevention & control
  • [MeSH-minor] Barrett Esophagus / complications. Barrett Esophagus / prevention & control. Chemoprevention / methods. Esophagoscopy. Gastroesophageal Reflux / complications. Gastroesophageal Reflux / prevention & control. Humans. Mass Screening. Risk Factors

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  • (PMID = 16282279.001).
  • [ISSN] 0007-9235
  • [Journal-full-title] CA: a cancer journal for clinicians
  • [ISO-abbreviation] CA Cancer J Clin
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Number-of-references] 182
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2. Lagarde SM, de Boer JD, ten Kate FJ, Busch OR, Obertop H, van Lanschot JJ: Postoperative complications after esophagectomy for adenocarcinoma of the esophagus are related to timing of death due to recurrence. Ann Surg; 2008 Jan;247(1):71-6
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  • [Title] Postoperative complications after esophagectomy for adenocarcinoma of the esophagus are related to timing of death due to recurrence.
  • After esophagectomy for adenocarcinoma of the distal esophagus and/or gastroesophageal junction, the majority of patients develops an early recurrence and dies within 2 years.
  • METHODS: A consecutive series of 351 patients who underwent esophagectomy for adenocarcinoma of the esophagus and gastroesophageal junction was reviewed.
  • RESULTS: Of the 351 included patients, 191 patients (54%) died due to recurrence of esophageal adenocarcinoma.
  • [MeSH-major] Adenocarcinoma / mortality. Adenocarcinoma / surgery. Esophageal Neoplasms / mortality. Esophageal Neoplasms / surgery. Esophagectomy. Neoplasm Recurrence, Local / mortality. Postoperative Complications / mortality
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Aged. Aged, 80 and over. Esophagogastric Junction / pathology. Esophagogastric Junction / surgery. Female. Humans. Male. Middle Aged. Neoplasm Staging. Proportional Hazards Models. Risk Factors. Time Factors

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  • (PMID = 18156925.001).
  • [ISSN] 0003-4932
  • [Journal-full-title] Annals of surgery
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Ann. Surg.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] United States
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3. Hawkins MA, Brooks C, Hansen VN, Aitken A, Tait DM: Cone beam computed tomography-derived adaptive radiotherapy for radical treatment of esophageal cancer. Int J Radiat Oncol Biol Phys; 2010 Jun 1;77(2):378-83
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  • [Title] Cone beam computed tomography-derived adaptive radiotherapy for radical treatment of esophageal cancer.
  • METHODS AND MATERIALS: Patients receiving radical RT for carcinoma of the esophagus were investigated.
  • The PTV is defined as CTV(tumor, nodes) plus esophagus outlined 3 to 5 cm cranio-caudally and a 1.5-cm circumferential margin is added (clinical plan).
  • The tumor and esophagus for the length of the PTV are contoured on each CBCT and 5 mm margin is added.
  • [MeSH-major] Cone-Beam Computed Tomography / methods. Esophageal Neoplasms / radiography. Esophageal Neoplasms / radiotherapy. Radiation Injuries / prevention & control. Radiotherapy, Intensity-Modulated / methods
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Aged. Aged, 80 and over. Female. Heart / radiation effects. Humans. Lung / radiation effects. Male. Middle Aged. Movement. Radiotherapy Planning, Computer-Assisted / methods. Respiration. Spinal Cord / radiation effects. Tumor Burden

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  • [Copyright] Copyright 2010 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
  • (PMID = 19775828.001).
  • [ISSN] 1879-355X
  • [Journal-full-title] International journal of radiation oncology, biology, physics
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Int. J. Radiat. Oncol. Biol. Phys.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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4. van Beek S, De Jaeger K, Mijnheer B, van Vliet-Vroegindeweij C: Evaluation of a single-isocenter technique for axillary radiotherapy in breast cancer. Med Dosim; 2008;33(3):191-8
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  • The aim of this study was to develop a technique for axillary radiotherapy that minimizes the risk of radiation-induced damage to the surrounding normal tissue (i.e., arm, shoulder, lung, esophagus, and spinal cord) while keeping the risk of a nodal recurrence to a minimum.
  • The 3-dimensional (3D) computed tomography (CT) information in this study was used to outline the lymph node areas and the organs at risk (i.e., the esophagus, spinal cord, brachial plexus, and lung).
  • The maximum radiation dose in the esophagus and spinal cord was reduced by more than 50% using the single-isocenter technique.
  • [MeSH-minor] Antineoplastic Protocols. Dose Fractionation. Dose-Response Relationship, Radiation. Female. Humans. Lymph Nodes / pathology. Lymph Nodes / radiation effects. Lymphatic Metastasis. Mastectomy. Neoplasm Recurrence, Local / prevention & control. Neoplasm Recurrence, Local / radiotherapy. Radiation Injuries / prevention & control. Radiation Tolerance. Radiotherapy, Adjuvant. Tomography, X-Ray Computed

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  • (PMID = 18674683.001).
  • [ISSN] 1873-4022
  • [Journal-full-title] Medical dosimetry : official journal of the American Association of Medical Dosimetrists
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Med Dosim
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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5. Ridky TW, Chow JM, Wong DJ, Khavari PA: Invasive three-dimensional organotypic neoplasia from multiple normal human epithelia. Nat Med; 2010 Dec;16(12):1450-5
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  • [Title] Invasive three-dimensional organotypic neoplasia from multiple normal human epithelia.
  • Here we use tumor-associated genetic pathways to transform primary human epithelial cells from the epidermis, oropharynx, esophagus and cervix into genetically defined tumors in a human three-dimensional (3D) tissue environment that incorporates cell-populated stroma and intact basement membrane.
  • These engineered organotypic tissues recapitulated natural features of tumor progression, including epithelial invasion through basement membrane, a complex process that is necessary for biological malignancy in 90% of human cancers.
  • We screened 3D organotypic neoplasia with well-characterized signaling pathway inhibitors to distill a clinically faithful cancer gene signature.
  • [MeSH-major] Cell Transformation, Neoplastic / genetics. Epithelial Cells / cytology. Models, Biological. Neoplasm Invasiveness / physiopathology. Neoplasms / genetics. Tissue Engineering / methods

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  • (PMID = 21102459.001).
  • [ISSN] 1546-170X
  • [Journal-full-title] Nature medicine
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Nat. Med.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Grant] United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / F32 CA099473-03; United States / NIAMS NIH HHS / AR / K08 AR053195; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / F32 CA099473; United States / NIAMS NIH HHS / AR / R01 AR049737; United States / NIAMS NIH HHS / AR / R01 AR043799; United States / NIAMS NIH HHS / AR / AR43799; United States / NIAMS NIH HHS / AR / K08 AR053195-03; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / R01 CA142635; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / R01 CA163566; United States / NIAMS NIH HHS / AR / K08AR053195
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Butadienes; 0 / Chromones; 0 / Morpholines; 0 / Nitriles; 0 / U 0126; 31M2U1DVID / 2-(4-morpholinyl)-8-phenyl-4H-1-benzopyran-4-one
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ NIHMS230786; NLM/ PMC3586217
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6. Kokuho N, Hayashi H, Matsuyama M, Miura Y, Hayashihara K, Saito T: [A case of pulmonary Mycobacterium abscessus disease complicated with esophago-pulmonary fistula causing repeated exacerbation]. Nihon Kokyuki Gakkai Zasshi; 2010 Sep;48(9):696-701
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  • Acquired benign esophago-pulmonary fistula is uncommon.
  • An M. abscess infection may give rise to adhesions between the tracheobronchial lymph nodes and the neighboring esophagus, with subsequent development of a traction diverticulum which may extend to the tracheobronchial tree.
  • [MeSH-major] Esophageal Fistula / complications. Respiratory Tract Fistula / complications. Tuberculosis / complications. Tuberculosis, Pulmonary / complications

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  • (PMID = 20954373.001).
  • [ISSN] 1343-3490
  • [Journal-full-title] Nihon Kokyūki Gakkai zasshi = the journal of the Japanese Respiratory Society
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Nihon Kokyuki Gakkai Zasshi
  • [Language] jpn
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Japan
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7. André B, Vercauteren T, Buchner AM, Shahid MW, Wallace MB, Ayache N: An image retrieval approach to setup difficulty levels in training systems for endomicroscopy diagnosis. Med Image Comput Comput Assist Interv; 2010;13(Pt 2):480-7
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  • [Title] An image retrieval approach to setup difficulty levels in training systems for endomicroscopy diagnosis.
  • Our study aims at developing such a system for endomicroscopy diagnosis.
  • As the understanding of video diagnosis is driven by visual similarities, we propose a content-based video retrieval approach to estimate the level of interpretation difficulty.
  • The performance of our retrieval method is compared with several state of the art methods, and its genericity is demonstrated with two different clinical databases, on the Barrett's Esophagus and on colonic polyps.

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  • (PMID = 20879350.001).
  • [Journal-full-title] Medical image computing and computer-assisted intervention : MICCAI ... International Conference on Medical Image Computing and Computer-Assisted Intervention
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Med Image Comput Comput Assist Interv
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Germany
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8. Crehange G, Bonnetain F, Peignaux K, Truc G, Blanchard N, Rat P, Chauffert B, Ghiringhelli F, Maingon P: Preoperative radiochemotherapy for resectable localised oesophageal cancer: a controversial strategy. Crit Rev Oncol Hematol; 2010 Sep;75(3):235-42
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  • [Title] Preoperative radiochemotherapy for resectable localised oesophageal cancer: a controversial strategy.
  • Preoperative chemoradiation (P-CRT) remains a controversial strategy in the treatment of squamous cell cancer (SCC) and adenocarcinoma (ADC) of the oesophagus.
  • [MeSH-major] Adenocarcinoma / therapy. Carcinoma, Squamous Cell / therapy. Esophageal Neoplasms / therapy. Neoadjuvant Therapy / methods

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  • [Copyright] Copyright 2009 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved.
  • (PMID = 20044267.001).
  • [ISSN] 1879-0461
  • [Journal-full-title] Critical reviews in oncology/hematology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Crit. Rev. Oncol. Hematol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] Netherlands
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Antineoplastic Agents
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9. Yildirim A, Bilici M, Cayir K, Yanmaz V, Yildirim S, Tekin SB: Serum adiponectin levels in patients with esophageal cancer. Jpn J Clin Oncol; 2009 Feb;39(2):92-6
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  • [Title] Serum adiponectin levels in patients with esophageal cancer.
  • OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study was to investigate a possible relationship between serum levels of adiponectin and clinicopathological characteristics in esophageal cancer.
  • This is the first report evaluating serum adiponectin levels in patients with esophageal cancer.
  • METHODS: Sixty-two patients with esophageal cancer and thirty healthy subjects were included in the study.
  • Furthermore, adiponectin levels of the patients gradually decreased with increase in tumor stage.
  • The patients with adenocarcinoma of the esophagus had significantly lower values of serum adiponectin than patients with squamous cell carcinoma.
  • CONCLUSION: We concluded that decreased circulating adiponectin levels may play a role in the progression and/or development of esophageal cancers.
  • However, for clinical use of serum adiponectin in terms of early diagnosis and treatment, further studies should be performed.
  • [MeSH-major] Adenocarcinoma / blood. Adiponectin / blood. Carcinoma, Squamous Cell / blood. Esophageal Neoplasms / blood

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  • (PMID = 19116211.001).
  • [ISSN] 1465-3621
  • [Journal-full-title] Japanese journal of clinical oncology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Jpn. J. Clin. Oncol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Adiponectin
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10. Haas I, Gutman M, Paran H: Massive upper GI bleeding: a rare complication of Zenker's diverticulum. J Postgrad Med; 2008 Jul-Sep;54(3):209-10
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  • It was known that he had a Zenker's diverticulum, but on emergency endoscopy, the source of bleeding was not detected due to large blood clots in the esophagus, hypo-pharynx and also into the tracheal-bronchial tree.


11. Leu YS, Huang CM, Yang CC, Hsiao HT, Chang YC: Functional outcome following free ileocolic flap in total pharyngolaryngectomy. Acta Otolaryngol; 2008 Jun;128(6):702-5
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  • PATIENTS AND METHODS: Fifteen patients (all male, mean age 49.8 years) with squamous cell carcinoma of larynx (n=1) or hypopharynx (n=14) received a circumferential pharyngolaryngectomy and resection of the proximal esophagus followed by postoperative CCRT (60-65 Gy, cisplatin and 5-fluorouracil).

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  • (PMID = 18568508.001).
  • [ISSN] 0001-6489
  • [Journal-full-title] Acta oto-laryngologica
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Acta Otolaryngol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Norway
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12. Holloway RH: Esophageal ultrasonography: A new view on esophageal motility. Am J Gastroenterol; 2007 Jan;102(1):146-8
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  • [Title] Esophageal ultrasonography: A new view on esophageal motility.
  • Esophageal manometry has long been the gold standard for assessment of esophageal motility.
  • Recently, high-frequency intraluminal ultrasonography (HFIUS) has been introduced to measure esophageal contractility and the thickness of esophageal muscle.
  • Greater esophageal muscle thickness has been reported in patients with achalasia, diffuse spasm, and hypertensive peristalsis.
  • In this issue of the Journal, Mittal and colleagues report additional observations in patients with esophageal symptoms referred for esophageal manometry.
  • Greater muscle thickness was associated with a greater prevalence of dysphagia suggesting the possibility that symptoms may be related, at least in part, to alterations in the biomechanics of the esophagus.
  • The place of HFIUS in the assessment of esophageal function remains to be determined, but it offers the possibility of greater insights into esophageal physiology as well as clinical esophageal motor disorders.
  • [MeSH-major] Esophageal Motility Disorders / ultrasonography. Esophagus / ultrasonography. Muscle, Smooth / ultrasonography

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  • (PMID = 17266692.001).
  • [ISSN] 0002-9270
  • [Journal-full-title] The American journal of gastroenterology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Am. J. Gastroenterol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Editorial
  • [Publication-country] United States
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13. Ito K, Matsutani S, Maruyama H, Akiike T, Nomoto H, Suzuki T, Fukuzawa T, Mizumoto H, Saisho H: Study of hemodynamic changes in portal systemic shunts and their relation to variceal relapse after endoscopic variceal ligation combined with ethanol sclerotherapy. J Gastroenterol; 2006 Feb;41(2):119-26
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  • BACKGROUND: Among the factors influencing variceal relapse after endoscopic treatment, portal hemodynamic changes, especially in portal systemic shunts, could be the most important factor because hemodynamics are directly related to the development of esophageal varices.
  • We aimed to clarify the influence of endoscopic treatment for esophageal varices on portal systemic shunts as well as its predictive value for variceal relapse.
  • The presence of blood flow in and around the esophagus on venograms was highly predictive for variceal relapse.
  • CONCLUSIONS: Sonographic assessment of hemodynamic changes in portal systemic shunt could be useful for estimating the results of endoscopic treatment for esophageal varices.
  • [MeSH-major] Esophageal and Gastric Varices / therapy. Esophagoscopy. Esophagus / blood supply. Ethanol / therapeutic use. Hemodynamics / physiology. Ligation. Portal System / physiopathology. Sclerotherapy

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  • (PMID = 16568370.001).
  • [ISSN] 0944-1174
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of gastroenterology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Gastroenterol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Japan
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 3K9958V90M / Ethanol
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14. Gürsoy S, Yurci A, Torun E, Soyuer I, Güven K, Ozbakir O, Yücesoy M: An uncommon lesion: gastric xanthelasma. Turk J Gastroenterol; 2005 Sep;16(3):167-70
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  • The lesions are frequently located in the stomach, and less frequently in the esophagus, duodenum and the colon.

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  • (PMID = 16245231.001).
  • [ISSN] 1300-4948
  • [Journal-full-title] The Turkish journal of gastroenterology : the official journal of Turkish Society of Gastroenterology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Turk J Gastroenterol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Turkey
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15. Cho YK, Kim GH, Kim JH, Jung HY, Lee JS, Kim NY, Korean Society of Neurogastroenterology and Motility: [Diagnosis of gastroesophageal reflux disease: a systematic review]. Korean J Gastroenterol; 2010 May;55(5):279-95
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  • [Title] [Diagnosis of gastroesophageal reflux disease: a systematic review].
  • This review includes proton pump inhibitor (PPI) test, endoscopy, ambulatory pH monitoring, impedance pH monitoring, and esophageal manometry in order to provide a basis for the currently applicable recommendations in the diagnosis of GERD in Korea.
  • As the prevalence of Barrett's esophagus has been reported to be low, the screening endoscopy for Barrett's esophagus is not recommended.
  • Ambulatory pH monitoring of the esophagus helps to confirm gastroesophageal reflux in patients with persistent symptoms (both typical and atypical) in the absence of esophageal mucosal damage, especially when a trial of acid suppression has failed.
  • This systematic review is targeted to establish the strategy of GERD diagnosis, which is essential for the current clinical practice.
  • [MeSH-major] Gastroesophageal Reflux / diagnosis
  • [MeSH-minor] Barrett Esophagus / diagnosis. Esophageal pH Monitoring. Humans. Manometry. Proton Pump Inhibitors / metabolism. Risk Factors

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  • (PMID = 20697188.001).
  • [ISSN] 1598-9992
  • [Journal-full-title] The Korean journal of gastroenterology = Taehan Sohwagi Hakhoe chi
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Korean J Gastroenterol
  • [Language] kor
  • [Publication-type] English Abstract; Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] Korea (South)
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Proton Pump Inhibitors
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16. Vardar E, Vardar R, Yükselen V, Makay O, Erkan N, Bayol U, Ozütemiz O: Image-based assessment of esophageal stricture in experimental corrosive esophagitis in animals: an objective, adjunct diagnostic tool. Turk J Gastroenterol; 2009 Mar;20(1):3-8
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  • [Title] Image-based assessment of esophageal stricture in experimental corrosive esophagitis in animals: an objective, adjunct diagnostic tool.
  • The esophagus is the most commonly involved organ during caustic ingestion, which leads to progressive and devastating results after caustic burn.
  • The aim of this work was to compare the classical stenosis index method with a new objective method based on image analysis that was used to determine experimental stricture of the rat esophagus.
  • The numbers and the ratio of luminal area and total esophageal area were used to determine the esophageal stricture of the rat, and results were compared with stenosis index ratios.
  • RESULTS: The mean area of the lumen of the esophagus and the ratio of esophageal lumen/total esophageal area were 0.83 (0.51-1.28) mm2 and 0.21 (0.08-0.37), respectively, in the corrosive esophagitis group.
  • The differences between the two groups in luminal area and ratio of esophageal lumen/total esophageal area were statistically significant (p<0.05).
  • [MeSH-major] Burns, Chemical / pathology. Esophageal Stenosis / pathology. Esophagitis / pathology. Image Processing, Computer-Assisted. Pathology, Clinical

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  • (PMID = 19330728.001).
  • [ISSN] 2148-5607
  • [Journal-full-title] The Turkish journal of gastroenterology : the official journal of Turkish Society of Gastroenterology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Turk J Gastroenterol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Turkey
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Caustics; 55X04QC32I / Sodium Hydroxide
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17. Muderris T, Gokcan MK, Yorulmaz I: The clinical value of pharyngeal pH monitoring using a double-probe, triple-sensor catheter in patients with laryngopharyngeal reflux. Arch Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg; 2009 Feb;135(2):163-7
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  • OBJECTIVE: To determine the clinical value of pharyngeal pH monitoring for the diagnosis of laryngopharyngeal reflux (LPR) by using a double-probe, triple-sensor catheter in patients with symptoms of LPR.
  • DESIGN: Prospective review of pH values recorded at the pharyngeal sensor, with the sensor placed in the proximal esophagus in patients with suspected LPR.
  • MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: A pH test result was considered abnormal if a single reflux episode was detected in the hypopharynx and if, in the proximal esophagus, the total percentage of time the pH value was below 4 was 1.0% or higher.
  • RESULTS: Of 33 patients, 17 had more than 1 reflux episode detected by the pharyngeal sensor and 19 had pathological reflux detected by the proximal esophageal sensor.
  • Four patients who had pharyngeal reflux had a normal esophageal acid exposure time, and 6 patients who had pathological reflux detected by the proximal esophageal sensor did not experienced any pharyngeal reflux episode.
  • If single-probe, double-sensor pH monitoring is to be performed, the proximal probe should be placed in the pharynx, not in the upper esophagus.
  • [MeSH-major] Catheterization. Hypopharynx. Monitoring, Physiologic / methods. Pharyngeal Diseases / diagnosis

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  • (PMID = 19221244.001).
  • [ISSN] 1538-361X
  • [Journal-full-title] Archives of otolaryngology--head & neck surgery
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Arch. Otolaryngol. Head Neck Surg.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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18. Mizuno S, Kato K, Ono Y, Yano K, Kurosaka H, Takahashi A, Abeta H, Kushiro T, Miyamoto S, Kurihara R, Hiki N, Kaminishi M, Iwasaki A, Arakawa Y: Oral peppermint oil is a useful antispasmodic for double-contrast barium meal examination. J Gastroenterol Hepatol; 2006 Aug;21(8):1297-301
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  • Scores for spasm at the esophagus, lower stomach and duodenal bulb were significantly lower in the PO than in the control group (P < 0.001).
  • Scores for overall diagnostic quality at the esophagus, lower stomach and duodenal bulb were significantly higher in the PO than in the control group (P < 0.001).
  • Oral PO reduces spasm of the esophagus, lower stomach and duodenal bulb, inhibits barium flow to the distal duodenum, and improves diagnostic quality without other antispasmodics.

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  • (PMID = 16872313.001).
  • [ISSN] 0815-9319
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of gastroenterology and hepatology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Gastroenterol. Hepatol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Comparative Study; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Australia
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Parasympatholytics; 0 / Plant Oils; 25BB7EKE2E / Barium Sulfate; AV092KU4JH / peppermint oil
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19. Stein E, Katz PO: Reflux monitoring. Rev Gastroenterol Disord; 2009;9(2):E54-62
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  • Reflux monitoring may be useful in avoiding an incorrect diagnosis of gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) and in management of patients with Barrett's esophagus.
  • [MeSH-major] Gastroesophageal Reflux / diagnosis. Monitoring, Physiologic / methods
  • [MeSH-minor] Barrett Esophagus / diagnosis. Capsule Endoscopy. Diagnosis, Differential. Esophageal pH Monitoring. Esophagoscopy. Humans. Manometry. Monitoring, Ambulatory. Proton Pump Inhibitors / administration & dosage

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  • (PMID = 19668126.001).
  • [ISSN] 1949-4386
  • [Journal-full-title] Reviews in gastroenterological disorders
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Rev Gastroenterol Disord
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Proton Pump Inhibitors
  • [Number-of-references] 33
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20. Höjer J, Personne M: Endoscopic removal of slow release clomipramine bezoars in two cases of acute poisoning. Clin Toxicol (Phila); 2008 Apr;46(4):317-9
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  • In one case an abdominal x-ray was highly suspicious of a large pharmacobezoar in the stomach and in the other case a tablet conglomerate totally obstructed the oesophagus.
  • [MeSH-major] Antidepressive Agents, Tricyclic / poisoning. Bezoars / surgery. Clomipramine / poisoning. Esophagus. Gastroscopy. Stomach

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  • (PMID = 18363128.001).
  • [ISSN] 1556-9519
  • [Journal-full-title] Clinical toxicology (Philadelphia, Pa.)
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Clin Toxicol (Phila)
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Antidepressive Agents, Tricyclic; NUV44L116D / Clomipramine
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21. Liu J, Liang-duo J, Zhao JP: [Clinical study on correlativity of stagnation of the liver-qi with tenderness response of auricular points]. Zhongguo Zhen Jiu; 2007 May;27(5):345-8
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  • RESULTS: Can (liver), Shidao (esophagus), Sanjiao (triple energy), Pi (spleen), Yidan (pancreas and gall bladder), Tingzhong (center of superior concha), Wei (stomach), Shenmen had high tenderness positive rates, with significant differences between the liver-qi stagnation syndrome group and the healthy person group.

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  • (PMID = 17645256.001).
  • [ISSN] 0255-2930
  • [Journal-full-title] Zhongguo zhen jiu = Chinese acupuncture & moxibustion
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Zhongguo Zhen Jiu
  • [Language] chi
  • [Publication-type] English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] China
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22. Holler EM, Paulsen A: [Case report: the practical use of the self-care deficit nursing theory for a patient with a neuroendocrine cancer of the duodenum]. Pflege; 2010 Feb;23(1):5-11
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  • [Transliterated title] Fallstudie: Praktische Anwendung der Selbstpflegedefizit-Theorie bei einem Patienten mit neuroendokrinem Karzinom des Duodenums.
  • Complications led to more than ten re-laparatomies with resection of the stomach and oesophagus.
  • It was necessary to perform blind occlusion of the jejunum and the disposition of an oesophagus stoma.
  • The future self-management capabilities consist of the following: Care of the oesophagus stoma, care of the percutaneous endoscope jejunostomy, management of the diabetes mellitus, coping with the changed self-image, coping with the restriction of movement and with the needed prophylaxis.
  • [MeSH-major] Duodenal Neoplasms / nursing. Liver Neoplasms / nursing. Liver Neoplasms / secondary. Models, Nursing. Neuroendocrine Tumors / nursing. Neuroendocrine Tumors / secondary. Nursing Theory. Postoperative Complications / nursing

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  • (PMID = 20112205.001).
  • [ISSN] 1012-5302
  • [Journal-full-title] Pflege
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Pflege
  • [Language] ger
  • [Publication-type] English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Switzerland
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23. Annam V, Raghuram P, Kurien JM, Sreelatha R, Lokanath KS: "NCCT scan"--an alternative technique for Gorge carcinoma. J Gastrointest Cancer; 2010 Mar;41(1):47-51
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  • INTRODUCTION: Gorge carcinoma or carcinoma of esophagus is one of the most commonly occurring malignancies in developing countries.
  • The objective of the study was to find an alternative technique to the currently existing techniques for evaluating esophageal carcinoma.
  • MATERIALS AND METHODS: Twenty patients with endoscopically proved cases of esophageal cancer were examined with CT thorax using AIR (negative) as a contrast agent-negative contrast computed tomography scan.
  • Only the mid- and lower third esophageal malignant cases were included in the study.
  • Upper third esophageal malignancy and lesions causing complete obstruction were excluded from the study.
  • RESULTS: Significant distension of the normal esophagus was noted.
  • However, very minimal distension of the esophageal lumen was noted at the carcinomatous site--called the "streak sign" as air is seen as a thin streak within the narrowed lumen.
  • We conclude that usage of air as negative contrast in identifying carcinoma of mid- and lower third esophagus is safe, cost-effective, and feasible and can be used as an alternative technique in patients who are not readily willing to swallow liquid contrast.
  • [MeSH-major] Esophageal Neoplasms / diagnostic imaging. Tomography, X-Ray Computed / methods

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  • [Cites] AJR Am J Roentgenol. 1983 May;140(5):931-4 [6601436.001]
  • (PMID = 19960276.001).
  • [ISSN] 1941-6636
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of gastrointestinal cancer
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Gastrointest Cancer
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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24. DiMusto PD, Orringer MB: Transhiatal esophagectomy for distal and cardia cancers: implications of a positive gastric margin. Ann Thorac Surg; 2007 Jun;83(6):1993-8; discussion 1998-9
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  • BACKGROUND: A common operation for cancer of the esophagus and cardia consists of transhiatal esophagectomy, proximal gastrectomy, and a cervical esophagogastric anastomosis.
  • The oncologic adequacy of dividing the stomach 4 to 6 cm distal to palpable tumor is not well documented, and when a positive gastric margin is present on the final pathologic analysis, the appropriate management is not established.
  • METHODS: A retrospective review was performed of 1044 patients undergoing transhiatal esophagectomy for adenocarcinoma of the distal esophagus or cardia.
  • Local tumor recurrence developed in 1 patient (11%) in the treatment group and in 3 (27%) in the no treatment group (p = 0.386).
  • CONCLUSIONS: A transhiatal esophagectomy and proximal gastrectomy for carcinoma of the distal esophagus and cardia, dividing the stomach 4 to 6 cm from palpable tumor, provides a negative gastric margin in 98% of patients.
  • In the few patients who have a positive gastric margin, 80% die with distant metastases, which would not be influenced by more extensive gastric resection, and in about 20%, local tumor recurrence develops in the intrathoracic stomach, seldom causing dysphagia.
  • Adjuvant therapy for a positive gastric margin neither improves survival nor reduces local tumor recurrence.
  • [MeSH-major] Adenocarcinoma / surgery. Esophageal Neoplasms / surgery. Esophagectomy / methods. Stomach Neoplasms / surgery
  • [MeSH-minor] Anastomosis, Surgical. Cardia / surgery. Combined Modality Therapy. Deglutition Disorders / prevention & control. Esophagus / surgery. Gastrectomy / methods. Humans. Neoplasm Recurrence, Local / prevention & control. Retrospective Studies. Stomach / surgery. Survival Analysis


25. Xinopoulos D, Dimitroulopoulos D, Tsamakidis K, Korkolis D, Fotopoulou A, Bazinis A, Kontis M, Vasilopoulos P, Paraskevas E: Palliative treatment of advanced esophageal cancer with metal-covered expandable stents. A cost-effectiveness and quality of life study. J BUON; 2005 Oct-Dec;10(4):523-8
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  • [Title] Palliative treatment of advanced esophageal cancer with metal-covered expandable stents. A cost-effectiveness and quality of life study.
  • PURPOSE: The aim of this retrospective study was to evaluate the efficacy and safety of endoscopic therapy with self-expanding metallic endoprostheses in the management of inoperable primary malignant esophageal obstruction or stenosis and the cost-effectiveness of the method.
  • PATIENTS AND METHODS: Between 5/1997-12/2002, obstruction of the esophagus was diagnosed in 78 patients (52 males, 26 females, age range 53-102, mean 72.3 years).
  • The etiology was squamous cell carcinoma (n=42) and adenocarcinoma of the oesophagus (n=36).
  • A cost-effective analysis was performed, comparing oesophageal stenting with laser therapy.
  • Eleven patients developed recurrent dysphagia 4-16 weeks after stenting due to tumor overgrowth and were treated with placement of a second stent.
  • There was no survival difference between squamous cell and adenocarcinoma of the esophagus.
  • CONCLUSION: Placement of self-expanding metal stents is a safe and cost-effective treatment modality that improves the quality of life, compared with laser therapy, for patients with inoperable malignant esophageal obstruction.

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  • (PMID = 17357211.001).
  • [ISSN] 1107-0625
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of B.U.ON. : official journal of the Balkan Union of Oncology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J BUON
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Greece
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26. Rajendra S, Ackroyd R, Robertson IK, Ho JJ, Karim N, Kutty KM: Helicobacter pylori, ethnicity, and the gastroesophageal reflux disease spectrum: a study from the East. Helicobacter; 2007 Apr;12(2):177-83
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  • AIMS: We estimated the strength of the association between H. pylori, ethnicity, and the gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) spectrum, including Barrett's esophagus, in Asian patients presenting for endoscopy in a tertiary referral center.
  • METHODS: Prospectively, we studied 188 consecutive patients with GERD, short- and long-segment Barrett's esophagus, and controls.
  • RESULTS: The overall prevalence of H. pylori infection was 52.1% (of which 77.6% were cagA(+)) and was lowest in the long-segment Barrett's esophagus group (36.7%) (p = .048).
  • When Barrett's esophagus was present, the length of abnormality was 44.8% shorter in the presence of H. pylori (p = .015).
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Antigens, Bacterial / genetics. Bacterial Proteins / genetics. Barrett Esophagus / epidemiology. Barrett Esophagus / microbiology. Case-Control Studies. Female. Helicobacter pylori / genetics. Helicobacter pylori / pathogenicity. Humans. Malaysia / epidemiology. Malaysia / ethnology. Male. Middle Aged. Prevalence. Prospective Studies

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  • (PMID = 17309756.001).
  • [ISSN] 1083-4389
  • [Journal-full-title] Helicobacter
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Helicobacter
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Antigens, Bacterial; 0 / Bacterial Proteins; 0 / cagA protein, Helicobacter pylori
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27. Tsao HM, Wu MH, Higa S, Lee KT, Tai CT, Hsu NW, Chang CY, Chen SA: Anatomic relationship of the esophagus and left atrium: implication for catheter ablation of atrial fibrillation. Chest; 2005 Oct;128(4):2581-7
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  • [Title] Anatomic relationship of the esophagus and left atrium: implication for catheter ablation of atrial fibrillation.
  • The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationship between the esophagus and posterior left atrium (LA) and provide the anatomic information necessary to minimize the risk of esophageal injury during AF ablation.
  • All underwent a CT scan for delineation of the relationship between the esophagus and posterior LA.
  • In the paroxysmal AF group, two major types of esophageal routes were demonstrated.
  • Type 1 routes were found in 42 patients with the lower portion of esophagus close to the ostium of the left inferior pulmonary vein (LIPV), including three subtypes of courses according to the proximity to the left superior pulmonary vein (PV) and LIPV.
  • Type 2 routes were found in six patients with the lower portion of esophagus close to the ostium of the right inferior pulmonary vein (RIPV), including three subtypes of courses according to the proximity to the right superior PV and RIPvs. The mean shortest distance of the esophagus to the four individual PVs significantly differed between type 1 and type 2: 28.4 +/- 6.1 mm vs 10.5 +/- 5.7 mm (to the right superior), 19.6 +/- 7.0 mm vs 3.7 +/- 3.4 mm (to the right inferior), 10.1 +/- 3.4 mm vs 22.8 +/- 4.2 mm (to the left superior), and 2.8 +/- 2.5 mm vs 18.7 +/- 5.2 mm (to the left inferior), respectively (p < 0.001 for all).
  • Contact of the esophagus and middle part of posterior LA was observed in each patient.
  • The clinical characteristics, type of esophageal routes, distance from the esophagus to the four PVs, and diameter of the thoracic cage, LA, and aorta in the control group were similar to those in the AF group (p > 0.05 for all).
  • CONCLUSION: Although the anatomic relationship between the esophagus and LA posterior wall varied widely, two major patterns of esophageal routes could be depicted.
  • This information is important for deciding the location of the ablation lesions around the PV ostia and LA and for avoiding the potential risk of esophageal injury.
  • [MeSH-major] Atrial Fibrillation / therapy. Catheter Ablation / methods. Esophagus / anatomy & histology. Heart Atria / anatomy & histology

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  • (PMID = 16236927.001).
  • [ISSN] 0012-3692
  • [Journal-full-title] Chest
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Chest
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] United States
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28. Liao Z, Gao R, Xu C, Xu DF, Li ZS: Sleeve string capsule endoscopy for real-time viewing of the esophagus: a pilot study (with video). Gastrointest Endosc; 2009 Aug;70(2):201-9
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Sleeve string capsule endoscopy for real-time viewing of the esophagus: a pilot study (with video).
  • We developed a modified esophageal capsule endoscopy, called sleeve string capsule endoscopy (SSCE).
  • OBJECTIVE: To assess the feasibility and safety of SSCE in the evaluation of esophageal diseases.
  • PATIENTS: Two healthy volunteers and 8 patients with suspected esophageal diseases were enrolled.
  • Pictures of the esophagus were viewed in real time.
  • CONCLUSIONS: SSCE was a feasible, easy-to-operate, and safe method for the diagnosis of esophageal diseases without the need for disinfection.
  • [MeSH-major] Capsule Endoscopes. Esophageal Diseases / pathology

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  • [CommentIn] Gastrointest Endosc. 2009 Aug;70(2):210-1 [19631800.001]
  • (PMID = 19286182.001).
  • [ISSN] 1097-6779
  • [Journal-full-title] Gastrointestinal endoscopy
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Gastrointest. Endosc.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] United States
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29. Jiménez F, Elias RE, Osella FJ, Padilla JF: [Digestive tract cancer: after ten years in Santa Fe]. Acta Gastroenterol Latinoam; 2009 Dec;39(4):242-9
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  • [Transliterated title] Cancer de tubo digestivo: diez años después en Santa Fe.
  • In our earlier paper we found that esophageal cancer was the most frequent localization among all the digestive tract cancers.
  • Furthermore, in four departments belonging to our province we also observed a colon-esophagus relationship of virtually 1 to 1.
  • 1) estimate the prevalence of esophagus and stomach tumors: a) in the Endoscopy Department, b) in all the hospital, comparing it with colon cancer and, c) as causes of death in our region of influence, in relation to all the neoplastic pathologies.
  • We observed that esophageal cancer is still very frequent in the Endoscopy Department and in the Histopathology Service but not in the diagnoses at discharge from hospital.
  • The reduction of the relationship between colon and esophageal cancer in the global mortality rate of the country turns out to be surprising.
  • In three departments situated on the north of the province it was observed a colon-esophagus cancer relationship of 1:1.
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Aged. Aged, 80 and over. Argentina / epidemiology. Female. Humans. Male. Middle Aged. Neoplasm Staging

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  • (PMID = 20178252.001).
  • [ISSN] 0300-9033
  • [Journal-full-title] Acta gastroenterologica Latinoamericana
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Acta Gastroenterol. Latinoam.
  • [Language] spa
  • [Publication-type] English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Argentina
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30. Shah AK, Wolfsen HC, Hemminger LL, Shah AA, DeVault KR: Changes in esophageal motility after porfimer sodium photodynamic therapy for Barrett's dysplasia and mucosal carcinoma. Dis Esophagus; 2006;19(5):335-9
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  • [Title] Changes in esophageal motility after porfimer sodium photodynamic therapy for Barrett's dysplasia and mucosal carcinoma.
  • Esophageal dysmotility is common in patients with Barrett's esophagus.
  • Previously we have reported deterioration of esophageal motility after photodynamic therapy (PDT) in a heterogeneous group of patients with esophageal carcinoma.
  • Forty-seven patients referred to our institution for endoscopic ablation for Barrett's high grade dysplasia or mucosal carcinoma between August 2001 and May 2003 were prospectively evaluated with esophageal manometry before and after porfimer sodium PDT.
  • Manometry results were classified as normal, diffuse esophageal spasm, ineffective esophageal motility, or aperistalsis.
  • Abnormal esophageal motility was found in 14 of 47 (30%) patients at study entry ([diffuse esophageal spasm] DES-3, [ineffective esophageal motility] IEM-7, Aperistalsis-4).
  • After PDT, 11 of 41 patients with paired studies experienced a change in manometric diagnosis.
  • Three patients had an improvement in motility, seven a worsening and one changed diagnosis, but did not particularly worsen or improve.
  • Therefore, abnormal motility was present in 19 of 41 (46%) patients after PDT (DES-2, IEM-14, Aperistalsis-3).
  • There was a statistically significant (P = 0.016) relationship with longer segment Barrett's esophagus and deterioration of function.
  • Changes in esophageal function also may occur following photodynamic therapy, but usually are not clinically significant.
  • Worsening in function was more likely to occur in patients with longer segment Barrett's esophagus.

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  • (PMID = 16984528.001).
  • [ISSN] 1120-8694
  • [Journal-full-title] Diseases of the esophagus : official journal of the International Society for Diseases of the Esophagus
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Dis. Esophagus
  • [Language] ENG
  • [Publication-type] Clinical Trial; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Photosensitizing Agents; 97067-70-4 / Dihematoporphyrin Ether
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31. Polanecký O, Pazdro A, Tvrdon J, Tersíp T, Smejkal P, Smejkal M, Hladík P, Pafko P: [Paliative managment of oesophageal carcinomas--our experience]. Rozhl Chir; 2006 Apr;85(4):186-9
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  • [Title] [Paliative managment of oesophageal carcinomas--our experience].
  • The authors of this presentation explain their experience with methods of paliative care of oesophagus carcinoma.
  • There is an accent in most frequent method--oesophagus stent implementation.
  • [MeSH-major] Carcinoma / therapy. Esophageal Neoplasms / therapy. Palliative Care

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  • (PMID = 16719415.001).
  • [ISSN] 0035-9351
  • [Journal-full-title] Rozhledy v chirurgii : měsíčník Československé chirurgické společnosti
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Rozhl Chir
  • [Language] cze
  • [Publication-type] English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Czech Republic
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32. Uchida K, Inoue M, Konishi N, Kusunoki M: Esophageal stricture with a pseudodiverticulum caused by the unrecognized ingestion of a small foreign body in a child: report of a case. Surg Today; 2005;35(9):774-7
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  • [Title] Esophageal stricture with a pseudodiverticulum caused by the unrecognized ingestion of a small foreign body in a child: report of a case.
  • A 2-year-old boy with a long history of vomiting, dysphagia, and weight loss was found to have a rigid stricture in the proximal esophagus.
  • We performed esophageal repair using a Livaditis circular myotomy technique.
  • The removed section of esophagus contained the inflammatory stricture with a pseudodiverticulum, caused by the unrecognized ingestion of a small, hard plastic sticker.
  • [MeSH-major] Esophageal Stenosis / etiology. Esophageal Stenosis / surgery. Foreign Bodies / complications. Foreign Bodies / surgery
  • [MeSH-minor] Diagnosis, Differential. Diagnostic Imaging. Humans. Infant. Male

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  • (PMID = 16133674.001).
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  • [Journal-full-title] Surgery today
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Surg. Today
  • [Language] eng
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33. Haddad JL, Dick EJ Jr, Guardado-Mendoza R, Hubbard GB: Spontaneous squamous cell carcinomas in 13 baboons, a first report in a spider monkey, and a review of the non-human primate literature. J Med Primatol; 2009 Jun;38(3):175-86
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  • The most frequently reported primary locations were the oral cavity, integument, esophagus, and cervix-uterus.
  • CONCLUSIONS: Squamous cell carcinoma is a common neoplasm in NHP and exhibits species differences.

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  • (PMID = 19220686.001).
  • [ISSN] 1600-0684
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of medical primatology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Med. Primatol.
  • [Language] ENG
  • [Grant] United States / NCRR NIH HHS / RR / P51 RR013986; United States / NCRR NIH HHS / RR / P51 RR013986-12; United States / NCRR NIH HHS / RR / RR013986-057201; United States / NCRR NIH HHS / RR / P51 RR013986-057201
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural; Review
  • [Publication-country] Denmark
  • [Number-of-references] 76
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ NIHMS209224; NLM/ PMC2919327
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34. Nourbakhsh A, Garges KJ: Esophageal perforation with a locking screw: a case report and review of the literature. Spine (Phila Pa 1976); 2007 Jul 1;32(15):E428-35
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  • [Title] Esophageal perforation with a locking screw: a case report and review of the literature.
  • Several cases of esophageal complications, arising from the use of various implants and grafts, have been described.
  • The purpose of this article is to provide insight into the clinical presentation, diagnosis, types of involved implants, and the treatment of this entity.
  • SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Previous reports of esophageal complications (esophageal perforation, diverticula, and stricture) after ACS are reviewed.
  • RESULTS: Redundant locking screws should be removed due to the potential for extrusion into the esophagus.
  • Early surgical treatment is imperative in the majority of esophageal complications.
  • [MeSH-major] Bone Screws / adverse effects. Esophagus / injuries. Internal Fixators / adverse effects. Postoperative Complications / etiology. Spinal Fusion / adverse effects. Spinal Fusion / instrumentation

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  • (PMID = 17621200.001).
  • [ISSN] 1528-1159
  • [Journal-full-title] Spine
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Spine
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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35. ten Hallers EJ, Marres HA, van der Houwen EB, Jansen JA, Rakhorst G, Schutte HK, van Kooten TG, van Loon JP, Verkerke GJ: Experimental results of the tracheoesophageal tissue connector for improved fixation of shunt valves in laryngectomized patients. Head Neck; 2006 Nov;28(11):982-9
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  • To solve these problems, a tracheoesophageal tissue connector (TE-TC) was devised to serve as an interface between the patient's tissue (trachea and esophagus) and the shunt valve.

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  • (PMID = 16906515.001).
  • [ISSN] 1043-3074
  • [Journal-full-title] Head & neck
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Head Neck
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Comparative Study; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Polypropylenes; D1JT611TNE / Titanium
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36. Ouanes I, Mekki M, Jouini R, Belghith M, Sahnoun L, Zakhama A, Maazoun K, Golli M, Krichène I, Nouri A: [Congenital esophageal stenosis due to tracheobronchial remnants: report of 2 cases and literature review]. Arch Pediatr; 2006 Jul;13(7):1043-6
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  • [Title] [Congenital esophageal stenosis due to tracheobronchial remnants: report of 2 cases and literature review].
  • [Transliterated title] Sténose congénitale de l'oesophage par hétérotopie trachéobronchique: à propos de 2 cas et revue de littérature.
  • Congenital esophageal stenosis due to tracheobronchial remnants is a rare malformation whose diagnosis may be difficult.
  • It is characterised by the abnormal presence of congenital tissue of tracheal origin in the esophageal wall, which is responsible for the narrowing of the esophagus.
  • We report 2 cases whose treatment was surgical after failure of esophageal dilations.
  • Recently, endoscopic ultrasonography has been proved useful in the diagnosis of congenital esophageal stenosis due to tracheobronchial remnants by showing the presence of cartilage, which explains the failure of dilation.
  • Surgical resection of esophageal stenosis with the tracheobronchial tissue appears the only treatment susceptible to completely suppress the stenosis and its consequences.
  • [MeSH-major] Choristoma / complications. Esophageal Stenosis / congenital. Esophageal Stenosis / etiology

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  • (PMID = 16713210.001).
  • [ISSN] 0929-693X
  • [Journal-full-title] Archives de pédiatrie : organe officiel de la Sociéte française de pédiatrie
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Arch Pediatr
  • [Language] fre
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; English Abstract; Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] France
  • [Number-of-references] 20
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37. Soares R, Herbella FA, Prachand VN, Ferguson MK, Patti MG: Epiphrenic diverticulum of the esophagus. From pathophysiology to treatment. J Gastrointest Surg; 2010 Dec;14(12):2009-15
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  • [Title] Epiphrenic diverticulum of the esophagus. From pathophysiology to treatment.
  • INTRODUCTION: Epiphrenic diverticula of the esophagus are usually associated with a concomitant esophageal motility disorder.
  • [MeSH-major] Diverticulum, Esophageal / physiopathology. Diverticulum, Esophageal / surgery

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  • (PMID = 20437107.001).
  • [ISSN] 1873-4626
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of gastrointestinal surgery : official journal of the Society for Surgery of the Alimentary Tract
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Gastrointest. Surg.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] United States
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38. Xu HS, Mu XZ, Yu ZY, Feng SZ, Han JY, Zhang DS: [Changes of different section area at different parts of upper-airway after Le Fort III osteotomy]. Zhonghua Zheng Xing Wai Ke Za Zhi; 2008 May;24(3):181-3
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  • The section area at the level of posterior nasal spine and uvula increased obviously after treatment (P < 0.05), however the section area at the level of epiglottis and separation between airway and esophagus were not obviously enlarged (P > 0.05).

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  • (PMID = 18717349.001).
  • [ISSN] 1009-4598
  • [Journal-full-title] Zhonghua zheng xing wai ke za zhi = Zhonghua zhengxing waike zazhi = Chinese journal of plastic surgery
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Zhonghua Zheng Xing Wai Ke Za Zhi
  • [Language] chi
  • [Publication-type] English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] China
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39. Righini CA, Tea BZ, Reyt E, Chahine KA: Cervical cellulitis and mediastinitis following esophageal perforation: a case report. World J Gastroenterol; 2008 Mar 7;14(9):1450-2
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  • [Title] Cervical cellulitis and mediastinitis following esophageal perforation: a case report.
  • Chicken bone is one of the most frequent foreign bodies (FB) associated with upper esophageal perforation.
  • We present the case of a 52-year-old man who sustained an upper esophageal perforation associated with cervical cellulitis and mediastinitis.
  • Following CT-scan evidence of FB penetrating the esophagus, the impacted FB was successfully extracted under rigid esophagoscopy.
  • Direct suture was required to close the esophageal perforation.
  • CONCLUSION: Rigid endoscope management of FB esophageal penetration is a simple, safe and effective procedure.
  • Primary esophageal repair with drainage of all affected compartments are necessary to avoid life-threatening complications.
  • [MeSH-major] Cellulitis / etiology. Esophageal Perforation / complications. Mediastinitis / etiology

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  • [Cites] Radiol Med. 2005 Mar;109(3):252-9 [15775894.001]
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  • (PMID = 18322964.001).
  • [ISSN] 1007-9327
  • [Journal-full-title] World journal of gastroenterology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] World J. Gastroenterol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] China
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC2693698
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40. Shimada H, Makuuchi H, Chino O, Nishi T, Kise Y, Hanashi T, Yamamoto S, Hara T: [Recent advances of endoscopic treatment for esophageal cancer]. Nihon Geka Gakkai Zasshi; 2008 Jan;109(1):10-4
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  • [Title] [Recent advances of endoscopic treatment for esophageal cancer].
  • The relationship between cancer depth and lymph node metastasis has been clarified based on the pathologic analysis of lymph nodes removed during esophagectomy for early esophageal cancer.
  • ER allows the esophagus to be preserved and is less invasive, enabling specimens to be pathologically examined.
  • [MeSH-major] Esophageal Neoplasms / surgery. Esophagoscopy

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  • (PMID = 18320804.001).
  • [ISSN] 0301-4894
  • [Journal-full-title] Nihon Geka Gakkai zasshi
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Nihon Geka Gakkai Zasshi
  • [Language] jpn
  • [Publication-type] English Abstract; Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] Japan
  • [Number-of-references] 20
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41. Paparelli C, Cavallaro G, Basso L, Polistena A, Mingazzini PL, De Toma G: Giant GIST of the mesocolon: report of a case. Minerva Chir; 2006 Dec;61(6):537-40
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  • Gastrointestinal stromal tumors are rare neoplasms arising from mesenchymal cells of the gastrointestinal tract, that strongly express a class III receptor tyrosine kinase, called KIT, due to some mutations in the KIT proto-oncogene.
  • Two thirds of GISTs are found in the stomach, 20% to 50% in the small bowel (one third in the duodenum), and 5% to 15% in colon and rectum; GISTs, however, may rarely be found also in the oesophagus, omentum, mesentery or the retroperitoneum.
  • The Autohrs report a case of giant malignant GIST arising from transverse mesocolon, treated by en-bloc resection of the tumor with a segment of transverse colon and great omentum.
  • [MeSH-major] Gastrointestinal Stromal Tumors. Mesocolon. Peritoneal Neoplasms

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  • (PMID = 17211362.001).
  • [ISSN] 0026-4733
  • [Journal-full-title] Minerva chirurgica
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Minerva Chir
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Italy
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42. Eming R, Hertl M, Autoimmune Diagnostics Working Group: Autoimmune bullous disorders. Clin Chem Lab Med; 2006;44(2):144-9
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  • Histopathology reveals the location of blister formation and helps to classify the subtype of the bullous skin disorder.
  • Circulating autoantibodies can be visualised by indirect immunofluorescence using tissue substrates such as monkey oesophagus and sodium chloride-split human skin.
  • Most of the autoantigens are available as recombinant proteins, which allows for autoantibody screening by ELISA or immunoblot analysis to confirm the primary diagnosis and, importantly, for immunoserological follow-up of patients.

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  • (PMID = 16475898.001).
  • [ISSN] 1434-6621
  • [Journal-full-title] Clinical chemistry and laboratory medicine
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Clin. Chem. Lab. Med.
  • [Language] ENG
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] Germany
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Autoantibodies
  • [Number-of-references] 15
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43. Watson TJ: Radiofrequency ablation of Barrett's esophagus. J Gastrointest Surg; 2010 Feb;14 Suppl 1:S88-93
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  • [Title] Radiofrequency ablation of Barrett's esophagus.
  • INTRODUCTION: Barrett's esophagus (BE) is known to be due to chronic gastroesophageal reflux disease and is a precursor of esophageal adenocarcinoma.
  • DISCUSSION: The ability to eliminate BE is appealing, given the neoplastic potential of this condition and the continued increase in incidence of adenocarcinoma involving the esophagus and esophagogastric junction, a highly lethal disease.
  • While a number of endoscopic technologies targeting metaplastic or neoplastic esophageal mucosa have been introduced into the clinical marketplace, most have not been widely adopted.
  • Radiofrequency ablation recently was developed and holds appeal as a reliable, minimally invasive, inexpensive, and well-tolerated technique to destroy pathologic esophageal epithelium.
  • [MeSH-major] Adenocarcinoma / prevention & control. Barrett Esophagus / therapy. Catheter Ablation. Esophageal Neoplasms / prevention & control. Precancerous Conditions / therapy

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  • (PMID = 19816748.001).
  • [ISSN] 1873-4626
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of gastrointestinal surgery : official journal of the Society for Surgery of the Alimentary Tract
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Gastrointest. Surg.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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44. Pouw RE, Gondrie JJ, Curvers WL, Sondermeijer CM, Ten Kate FJ, Bergman JJ: Successful balloon-based radiofrequency ablation of a widespread early squamous cell carcinoma and high-grade dysplasia of the esophagus: a case report. Gastrointest Endosc; 2008 Sep;68(3):537-41
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  • [Title] Successful balloon-based radiofrequency ablation of a widespread early squamous cell carcinoma and high-grade dysplasia of the esophagus: a case report.
  • BACKGROUND: For selected patients with high-grade dysplasia (HGD) and/or early esophageal squamous cell cancer (ESCC), endoscopic therapy represents a nonsurgical treatment option.
  • For widespread lesions, however, current endoscopic treatment modalities (eg, endoscopic resection, argon plasma coagulation, photodynamic therapy) are associated with considerable drawbacks, of which esophageal stricturing is the most significant.
  • Balloon-based radiofrequency (RF) ablation (HALO System) is a promising technology for endoscopic treatment of Barrett's esophagus, and may also play a role in treating widespread HGD and early ESCC.
  • RESULTS: RF ablation resulted in complete endoscopic and histological eradication of HGD and ESCC without adverse events such as dysphagia or esophageal narrowing.
  • CONCLUSIONS: This is the first report of balloon-based RF ablation for esophageal HGD and early ESCC.
  • [MeSH-major] Carcinoma, Squamous Cell / secondary. Catheter Ablation / instrumentation. Esophageal Neoplasms / secondary. Esophageal Neoplasms / surgery. Esophageal Stenosis / surgery. Hypopharyngeal Neoplasms / pathology
  • [MeSH-minor] Aged. Biopsy, Needle. Catheterization / instrumentation. Catheterization / methods. Combined Modality Therapy. Esophagoscopy / methods. Follow-Up Studies. Humans. Immunohistochemistry. Male. Neoplasm Invasiveness / pathology. Neoplasm Staging. Risk Assessment. Treatment Outcome

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  • (PMID = 18760181.001).
  • [ISSN] 1097-6779
  • [Journal-full-title] Gastrointestinal endoscopy
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Gastrointest. Endosc.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] United States
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45. Seibel EJ, Carroll RE, Dominitz JA, Johnston RS, Melville CD, Lee CM, Seitz SM, Kimmey MB: Tethered capsule endoscopy, a low-cost and high-performance alternative technology for the screening of esophageal cancer and Barrett's esophagus. IEEE Trans Biomed Eng; 2008 Mar;55(3):1032-42
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Tethered capsule endoscopy, a low-cost and high-performance alternative technology for the screening of esophageal cancer and Barrett's esophagus.
  • Esophageal cancer is currently the fastest growing cancer in the United States.
  • To help combat the recent rise in morbidity, our laboratory has developed a low-cost tethered capsule endoscope system (TCE) aimed at improving early detection of esophageal cancer.
  • It is believed that the combination of such imaging techniques with novel biomarkers of dysplasia will greatly assist in identifying precancerous conditions such as Barrett's esophagus (BE).
  • This initial report describes the rationale for the unique TCE system design, results from preliminary testing in vitro and in vivo, and discussion on the merits of this new platform technology as a basis for developing a low-cost screening program for esophageal cancer.
  • [MeSH-major] Algorithms. Barrett Esophagus / pathology. Capsule Endoscopes. Esophageal Neoplasms / pathology. Image Enhancement / instrumentation. Image Interpretation, Computer-Assisted / instrumentation. Mass Screening / instrumentation

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  • (PMID = 18334395.001).
  • [ISSN] 0018-9294
  • [Journal-full-title] IEEE transactions on bio-medical engineering
  • [ISO-abbreviation] IEEE Trans Biomed Eng
  • [Language] eng
  • [Grant] United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / R21CA110184
  • [Publication-type] Evaluation Studies; Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] United States
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46. Dabrowski A, Skoczylas T, Ciechański A, Wallner G, Zinkiewicz K, Cwik G, Górczyński R, Borowski A: Dukes' classification as a prognostic factor in patients with squamous cell carcinoma of the thoracic esophagus undergoing combined-modality treatment. Med Sci Monit; 2006 Oct;12(10):CR409-15
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  • [Title] Dukes' classification as a prognostic factor in patients with squamous cell carcinoma of the thoracic esophagus undergoing combined-modality treatment.
  • BACKGROUND: Several disadvantages of the TNM classification have resulted in a search for a simpler, clearer, and more reliable staging system for esophageal cancer.
  • We evaluated Dukes' classification as a prognostic indicator in 81 patients with squamous cell carcinoma of the thoracic esophagus treated with combined-modality therapy.
  • CONCLUSIONS: Dukes' staging system for esophageal cancer is simpler, clearer and more accurate, and could thus be a better prognostic tool than the TNM classification.
  • [MeSH-major] Carcinoma, Squamous Cell. Esophageal Neoplasms
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Aged. Drug Therapy, Combination. Female. Humans. Male. Middle Aged. Neoplasm Staging. Prognosis. Survival Rate

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  • (PMID = 17006399.001).
  • [ISSN] 1234-1010
  • [Journal-full-title] Medical science monitor : international medical journal of experimental and clinical research
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Med. Sci. Monit.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Comparative Study; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Poland
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47. Takeno A, Tamura S, Miki H, Ono H, Uchiyama C, Kanemura T, Yanai A, Kobayashi M, Yoshioka Y, Suzuki R, Nakahira S, Nakata K, Okamura S, Takeda Y: [Successful treatment of advanced esophageal cancer with lymph node metastases by docetaxel, cisplatin and 5-FU followed by salvage lymphadenectomy--a case report]. Gan To Kagaku Ryoho; 2010 Nov;37(12):2382-4
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  • [Title] [Successful treatment of advanced esophageal cancer with lymph node metastases by docetaxel, cisplatin and 5-FU followed by salvage lymphadenectomy--a case report].
  • We present a case of advanced esophageal cancer with multiple lymph node metastases successfully treated by combination therapy of docetaxel, cisplatin and 5-FU (DCF) followed by salvage lymphadenectomy.
  • The patient was a 60-year-old female with the diagnosis of squamous cell carcinoma of the middle thoracic esophagus.
  • The clinical stage diagnosis was cT2N4M0, cStage IVa.
  • Combination therapy of DCF and salvage lymphadenectomy is potentially effective for advanced esophageal cancer with lymph node metastases.
  • [MeSH-major] Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols / therapeutic use. Carcinoma, Squamous Cell / pathology. Carcinoma, Squamous Cell / therapy. Esophageal Neoplasms / pathology. Esophageal Neoplasms / therapy. Lymph Node Excision. Lymphatic Metastasis. Salvage Therapy

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  • (PMID = 21224580.001).
  • [ISSN] 0385-0684
  • [Journal-full-title] Gan to kagaku ryoho. Cancer & chemotherapy
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Gan To Kagaku Ryoho
  • [Language] jpn
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Japan
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Antimetabolites, Antineoplastic; 0 / Antineoplastic Agents; 0 / Taxoids; 15H5577CQD / docetaxel; Q20Q21Q62J / Cisplatin
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48. Lu HI, Kuo YR, Chien CY: Extended left colon interposition for pharyngoesophageal reconstruction using distal-end arterial enhancement. Microsurgery; 2008;28(6):424-8
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  • Five patients who had undergone pharyngoesophageal reconstruction with extended left colon interposition were reviewed, all of whom had advanced hypopharyngeal cancer with cervical esophagus invasion.
  • [MeSH-major] Carcinoma / surgery. Colon / surgery. Esophagus / surgery. Hypopharyngeal Neoplasms / surgery. Pharynx / surgery
  • [MeSH-minor] Anastomosis, Surgical / adverse effects. Female. Graft Enhancement, Immunologic / methods. Humans. Male. Middle Aged. Neoplasm Invasiveness. Postoperative Complications. Treatment Outcome

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  • [Copyright] (c) 2008 Wiley-Liss, Inc.
  • (PMID = 18623163.001).
  • [ISSN] 1098-2752
  • [Journal-full-title] Microsurgery
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Microsurgery
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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49. Ghai S, Pattison J, Ghai S, O'Malley ME, Khalili K, Stephens M: Primary gastrointestinal lymphoma: spectrum of imaging findings with pathologic correlation. Radiographics; 2007 Sep-Oct;27(5):1371-88
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  • Primary gastrointestinal lymphoma most commonly involves the stomach but can involve any part of the gastrointestinal tract from the esophagus to the rectum.
  • Although gastrointestinal lymphoma has a wide variety of imaging appearances and definitive diagnosis relies on histopathologic analysis, certain findings (eg, a bulky mass or diffuse infiltration with preservation of fat planes and no obstruction, multiple site involvement, associated bulky lymphadenopathy) can strongly suggest the diagnosis.

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  • [Copyright] (c) RSNA, 2007.
  • (PMID = 17848697.001).
  • [ISSN] 1527-1323
  • [Journal-full-title] Radiographics : a review publication of the Radiological Society of North America, Inc
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Radiographics
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Contrast Media; 25BB7EKE2E / Barium Sulfate
  • [Number-of-references] 39
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50. Zhao S, Jiang H, Wang W, Mao B: Cloning and developmental expression of the Xenopus Nkx6 genes. Dev Genes Evol; 2007 Jun;217(6):477-83
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  • At tadpole stages, the three Nkx6 genes are differentially expressed in the anterior endoderm derivatives, including the pancreas, stomach, esophagus, and lung.

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  • (PMID = 17450377.001).
  • [ISSN] 0949-944X
  • [Journal-full-title] Development genes and evolution
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Dev. Genes Evol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Databank-accession-numbers] GENBANK/ EF460789/ EF460790
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] Germany
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51. Strouse PJ, Newman B, Hernandez RJ, Afshani E, Bommaraju M: CT of tracheal agenesis. Pediatr Radiol; 2006 Sep;36(9):920-6
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  • In the past, opaque contrast medium was injected via the esophagus to demonstrate the anatomy.
  • RESULTS: Helical and multidetector CT with 2D and 3D reconstructions clearly delineated the aberrant tracheobronchial and esophageal anatomy in each infant.

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  • (PMID = 16788813.001).
  • [ISSN] 0301-0449
  • [Journal-full-title] Pediatric radiology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Pediatr Radiol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Germany
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52. Lukovich P, Yang N, Kupcsulik P: [Endoscopic mucosal resection of early esophageal cancer]. Orv Hetil; 2006 May 14;147(19):895-8
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  • [Title] [Endoscopic mucosal resection of early esophageal cancer].
  • INTRODUCTION: Endoscopic mucosal resection (EMR) is now thoroughly established as a therapeutic method for early oesophageal cancer.
  • PATIENTS AND METHOD: 5 patients with early oesophageal cancer were treated fey simple snare resection in 2004 and 2005.
  • These selected patients had distinct backgrounds one was known to have underlying Barrett's oesophagus, two of them had oesophageal varices, one case was an incidental finding for investigating abdominal pain, one was diagnosed during cancer surveillance of partial oesophagectomy.
  • Patient with recurrent cancer after partial oesophagectomy had recidive tumor.
  • CONCLUSION: Endoscopic mucosal resection of superficial oesophageal cancer can be performed without major complications representing a useful alternative treatment of oesophageal cancer.
  • [MeSH-major] Esophageal Neoplasms / diagnosis. Esophageal Neoplasms / surgery. Esophagoscopy. Mucous Membrane / surgery
  • [MeSH-minor] Aged, 80 and over. Biopsy. Humans. Male. Middle Aged. Neoplasm Staging. Treatment Outcome

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  • (PMID = 16784145.001).
  • [ISSN] 0030-6002
  • [Journal-full-title] Orvosi hetilap
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Orv Hetil
  • [Language] hun
  • [Publication-type] English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Hungary
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53. Winckworth LC, Rees CM, Fan T, Haddad M, Clarke SA: Pyloric stenosis in an iniencephalic infant with a congenital intra-thoracic stomach. Pediatr Surg Int; 2009 Oct;25(10):907-9
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  • We report the first case of hypertrophic pyloric stenosis in an intrathoracic stomach in a neonate with congenital ultra-short oesophagus and iniencephaly clausus.
  • Antenatal ultrasound detected right-sided thoracic cystic lesions and postnatal investigations revealed an intra-thoracic stomach and spleen with an ultra-short oesophagus and intact diaphragm.
  • Such neonates require urgent referral to surgical centres for what is a challenging diagnosis and complicated management.

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  • [Cites] Indian Pediatr. 1998 Sep;35(9):891-6 [10216599.001]
  • [Cites] Korean J Radiol. 2007 Jul-Aug;8(4):351-5 [17673848.001]
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  • (PMID = 19727765.001).
  • [ISSN] 1437-9813
  • [Journal-full-title] Pediatric surgery international
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Pediatr. Surg. Int.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Germany
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54. Dapri G, Dumont H, Roman A, Stevens E, Himpens J, Cadiere GB: A delayed Boerhaave's syndrome diagnosis treated by thoracoscopy in prone position. Minerva Chir; 2008 Jun;63(3):237-40
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  • [Title] A delayed Boerhaave's syndrome diagnosis treated by thoracoscopy in prone position.
  • Boerhaave's syndrome or postemetic rupture of the esophagus, carries a high morbidity and mortality.
  • The authors report a delayed Boerhaave's syndrome diagnosis (3 days), successfully treated by right thoracoscopic debridement in prone position.
  • Thanks to gravity the cardiopulmonary bloc drops back and the access to the esophagus is direct allowing for accurate placement of the chest tubes near the perforation.
  • [MeSH-major] Esophageal Diseases / diagnosis. Esophageal Diseases / surgery. Thoracoscopy

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  • (PMID = 18577910.001).
  • [ISSN] 0026-4733
  • [Journal-full-title] Minerva chirurgica
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Minerva Chir
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Italy
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55. Chung WC, Paik CN, Jung JH, Kim JD, Lee KM, Yang JM: Acute thermal injury of the esophagus from solid food: clinical course and endoscopic findings. J Korean Med Sci; 2010 Mar;25(3):489-91
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  • [Title] Acute thermal injury of the esophagus from solid food: clinical course and endoscopic findings.
  • Endoscopy revealed a huge longitudinal ulcer, typical of friable hyperemic mucosa with necrotic debris along the full length of the esophagus in the posterolateral region.
  • Here we present the clinical course of serial endoscopy of an acute thermal injury of the esophagus caused by solid food.
  • [MeSH-major] Endoscopy. Esophagus / pathology. Food. Hot Temperature / adverse effects

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  • (PMID = 20191054.001).
  • [ISSN] 1598-6357
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of Korean medical science
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Korean Med. Sci.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Korea (South)
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC2826729
  • [Keywords] NOTNLM ; Acute Thermal Injury / Esophagus / Solid Food
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56. Anderson LA, Cantwell MM, Watson RG, Johnston BT, Murphy SJ, Ferguson HR, McGuigan J, Comber H, Reynolds JV, Murray LJ: The association between alcohol and reflux esophagitis, Barrett's esophagus, and esophageal adenocarcinoma. Gastroenterology; 2009 Mar;136(3):799-805
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  • [Title] The association between alcohol and reflux esophagitis, Barrett's esophagus, and esophageal adenocarcinoma.
  • BACKGROUND & AIMS: Alcohol consumption may increase gastroesophageal reflux symptoms, cause damage to the esophageal mucosa, and/or promote carcinogenesis.
  • However, reports about the association between alcohol and reflux esophagitis, Barrett's esophagus, and esophageal adenocarcinoma are conflicting.
  • METHODS: Information relating to alcohol consumption, at age 21 and 5 years before the interview date, was collected from 230 reflux esophagitis, 224 Barrett's esophagus, and 227 esophageal adenocarcinoma patients and 260 frequency-matched population controls.
  • No associations were observed between total alcohol consumption 5 years before the interview date and reflux esophagitis, Barrett's esophagus, or esophageal adenocarcinoma (OR, 1.26, 0.78-2.05; OR, 0.72, 0.43-1.21; and OR, 0.75, 0.46-1.22, respectively).
  • Total alcohol consumption at age 21 years was significantly associated with reflux esophagitis (OR, 2.24, 1.35-3.74) but not with Barrett's esophagus or esophageal adenocarcinoma (OR, 1.06, 0.63-1.79 and OR, 1.27, 0.77-2.10, respectively).
  • More recent alcohol consumption does not appear to confer any increased risk of reflux esophagitis, Barrett's esophagus, or esophageal adenocarcinoma.
  • In fact, wine consumption may reduce the risk of these 3 esophageal disorders.
  • [MeSH-major] Adenocarcinoma / epidemiology. Alcohol Drinking / epidemiology. Barrett Esophagus / epidemiology. Esophageal Neoplasms / epidemiology. Esophagitis, Peptic / epidemiology


57. Boleken M, Demirbilek S, Kirimiloglu H, Kanmaz T, Yucesan S, Celbis O, Uzun I: Reduced neuronal innervation in the distal end of the proximal esophageal atretic segment in cases of esophageal atresia with distal tracheoesophageal fistula. World J Surg; 2007 Jul;31(7):1512-7
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  • [Title] Reduced neuronal innervation in the distal end of the proximal esophageal atretic segment in cases of esophageal atresia with distal tracheoesophageal fistula.
  • BACKGROUND: Esophageal dysmotility is a common occurence after surgical repair of proximal esophageal atresia (EA) and distal tracheoesophageal fistula (TEF).
  • The etiology of this motility disorder, however, remains controversial.
  • Esophageal dysmotility also is present in isolated TEF or EA before surgery, suggesting a congenital cause.
  • However, there is no information available in the literature with regard to the intramural nervous system of the human esophagus in EA-TEF.
  • PATIENTS AND METHODS: We examined the distal end of proximal esophageal atretic segment of neonates undergoing EA-TEF repair for intrinsic neuronal innervation.
  • Using specific antibodies, we studied neuronal markers of specimens from nine cases of EA-TEF and 9 cases of normal esophagus by immunohistochemistry using neurofilament (NF), synaptophysin (SY), S100, and glial cell line-derived neurotrophic factor (GDNF).
  • GDNF immunoreactivity in the atretic esophagus were markedly reduced in both the muscular layer and myenteric plexus.
  • SY and NF-immunorective nerve fibers were distributed throughout the myenteric plexus of the normal esophagus, but the scarcity of these immunoreactive nerve fibers in the atretic esophagus was apparent.
  • In contrast, the density of immunorective nerve fibers for S100 in the myenteric plexus and muscular layer was increased in the distal end of the atretic esophagus.
  • CONCLUSION: We concluded that the distribution of ganglion cells and some nerve fibers in the distal end of the atretic esophageal segment is deficient.
  • Inadequate and abnormal neuronal innervation of the esophagus could be related to the esophageal dysmotility seen in EA.
  • Because GDNF is a survival factor for central and peripheral neurons, defective expression of GDNF could have an important role in the defective and/or abnormal neuronal innervation of atretic esophageal segment.
  • [MeSH-major] Esophageal Atresia / pathology. Esophagus / innervation. Tracheoesophageal Fistula / pathology

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  • (PMID = 17534555.001).
  • [ISSN] 0364-2313
  • [Journal-full-title] World journal of surgery
  • [ISO-abbreviation] World J Surg
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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58. Marsman WA, Buskens CJ, Wesseling JG, Van Lanschot JJ, Bosma PJ: Gene therapy for barrett's esophagus: adenoviral gene transfer in different intestinal models. Cancer Gene Ther; 2005 Sep;12(9):778-86
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  • [Title] Gene therapy for barrett's esophagus: adenoviral gene transfer in different intestinal models.
  • Adenoviral gene therapy could potentially be used for treatment of patients with a Barrett's esophagus.
  • In the present study, we used differentiating Caco-2 cells, closed intestinal loops and a Barrett's esophagus rat model to test transduction of adenoviruses expressing green fluorescent protein.
  • The Barrett's esophagus rat model consisted of an esophagojejunostomy, which results in a Barrett's esophagus and esophageal tumors within 6 months.
  • Adenoviral transduction in this model was limited and mainly localized in the basal layer of normal esophagus and stromal tissue of a Barrett's segment.
  • We conclude that although the adenovirus shows promising results in vitro, the current adenoviral vectors are probably not suitable for patients with Barrett's esophagus.
  • [MeSH-major] Adenoviridae / genetics. Barrett Esophagus / therapy. Genetic Therapy. Transduction, Genetic / methods

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  • (PMID = 15877083.001).
  • [ISSN] 0929-1903
  • [Journal-full-title] Cancer gene therapy
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Cancer Gene Ther.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 147336-22-9 / Green Fluorescent Proteins; 9015-73-0 / DEAE-Dextran; WYQ7N0BPYC / Acetylcysteine
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59. Yang W, Yu J: Immunologic function of dendritic cells in esophageal cancer. Dig Dis Sci; 2008 Jul;53(7):1739-46
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  • [Title] Immunologic function of dendritic cells in esophageal cancer.
  • Esophageal cancer is one of the frequently occurring malignant cancers.
  • The immunotherapy of dendritic cells for esophageal cancer is a valuable method.
  • Dendritic cells existing in the esophageal tissues play an important role in the host's immunosurveillance against cancer as the professional antigen-presenting cells.
  • This review concerns the immunology of dendritic cells in esophageal cancer; it describes the expression of DCs in the normal esophageal tissues and benign disease of esophagus, relations between the DCs and cancer development in esophageal cancer, and the DC-based approach to establish treatment for esophageal cancer.
  • [MeSH-major] Dendritic Cells / immunology. Esophageal Neoplasms / immunology. Esophageal Neoplasms / therapy. Immunotherapy / methods
  • [MeSH-minor] Antigens, Neoplasm / immunology. Esophagus / cytology. Humans

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  • (PMID = 18080193.001).
  • [ISSN] 0163-2116
  • [Journal-full-title] Digestive diseases and sciences
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Dig. Dis. Sci.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Antigens, Neoplasm
  • [Number-of-references] 49
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60. Maloney JD, Weigel TL: Minimally invasive esophagectomy for malignant and premalignant diseases of the esophagus. Surg Clin North Am; 2008 Oct;88(5):979-90, vi
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  • [Title] Minimally invasive esophagectomy for malignant and premalignant diseases of the esophagus.
  • Minimally invasive approaches increasingly are used to treat esophageal cancer and Barrett's esophagitis with high-grade dysplasia.
  • The goals of a minimally invasive esophageal resection are to provide sound oncologic therapy while minimizing morbidity.
  • [MeSH-major] Adenocarcinoma / surgery. Barrett Esophagus / surgery. Esophageal Neoplasms / surgery. Esophagectomy / methods. Laparoscopy. Thoracoscopy

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  • (PMID = 18790149.001).
  • [ISSN] 0039-6109
  • [Journal-full-title] The Surgical clinics of North America
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Surg. Clin. North Am.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Number-of-references] 32
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61. Howard JM, Pidgeon GP, Reynolds JV: Leptin and gastro-intestinal malignancies. Obes Rev; 2010 Dec;11(12):863-74
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  • Obesity is a well-established risk factor for the development and mortality from several cancers, including adenocarcinoma of the oesophagus, oesophago-gastric junction and colorectum.
  • For each individual cancer, we examine and present the published data examining the role of leptin in both cell and animal models, the association between circulating leptin levels and cancer risk, and finally the expression of the leptin system in human gastro-intestinal tract tumours, in relation to tumour biology, stage and patient outcome.

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  • [Copyright] © 2010 The Authors. obesity reviews © 2010 International Association for the Study of Obesity.
  • (PMID = 20149119.001).
  • [ISSN] 1467-789X
  • [Journal-full-title] Obesity reviews : an official journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Obes Rev
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Leptin; 0 / Receptors, Leptin
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62. Madheswaran R, Shelar PD, Kalaiselvan P, Bhelonde JJ, Mathur KY, Pande VV, Udupa V, Shingatgeri VM: Nonsystemic locally invasive thymic T-cell lymphoma in a fifteen-week-old male CD-1 mouse. Toxicol Pathol; 2010 Feb;38(2):319-23
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  • Proliferating neoplastic cells invaded the thymic capsule, surrounding adipose tissue and neighboring organs such as lungs, heart and fat pad of aorta, esophagus, trachea, and thoracic vertebrae.
  • [MeSH-minor] Animals. Heart Neoplasms / pathology. Heart Neoplasms / secondary. Lung Neoplasms / pathology. Lung Neoplasms / secondary. Lymphocytes / pathology. Male. Mice. Neoplasm Invasiveness. Neoplastic Cells, Circulating

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  • (PMID = 20100842.001).
  • [ISSN] 1533-1601
  • [Journal-full-title] Toxicologic pathology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Toxicol Pathol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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63. Bernstein H, Bernstein C, Payne CM, Dvorak K: Bile acids as endogenous etiologic agents in gastrointestinal cancer. World J Gastroenterol; 2009 Jul 21;15(27):3329-40
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  • Bile acids are implicated as etiologic agents in cancer of the gastrointestinal (GI) tract, including cancer of the esophagus, stomach, small intestine, liver, biliary tract, pancreas and colon/rectum.
  • These deleterious effects have, so far, been reported most consistently in relation to esophageal and colorectal cancer, but also to some extent in relation to cancer of other organs.

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  • (PMID = 19610133.001).
  • [ISSN] 2219-2840
  • [Journal-full-title] World journal of gastroenterology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] World J. Gastroenterol.
  • [Language] ENG
  • [Grant] United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / R21CA111513-01A1; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / R01 CA119087; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / R21 CA111513; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / 5 R01 CA119087; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / P50 CA095060; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / 1 P50CA95060
  • [Publication-type] Editorial; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Bile Acids and Salts; 0 / Carcinogens; 0 / Reactive Oxygen Species; 0 / Receptors, Cytoplasmic and Nuclear
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC2712893
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64. Chang HH, Mardini S, Hou WH, Tang YB, Salgado CJ, Varkey P, Chen HC: Surgical treatment of persistent dysphagia in stroke patients using a newly reconstructed conduit from the anterior mouth. J Reconstr Microsurg; 2007 Jul;23(5):283-8
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  • He was treated with a free jejunal flap to divert food from the anterior mouth to the cervical esophagus.
  • [MeSH-major] Aphasia / surgery. Esophagus / surgery. Reconstructive Surgical Procedures / methods. Stroke / complications


65. Quinlan JM, Colleypriest BJ, Farrant M, Tosh D: Epithelial metaplasia and the development of cancer. Biochim Biophys Acta; 2007 Sep;1776(1):10-21
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  • Secondly, metaplasia predisposes to certain forms of neoplasia.
  • So understanding the molecular and cellular mechanisms underlying metaplasia will provide insights into clinical diagnosis and potential therapies.
  • One of the best-described examples of metaplasia is Barrett's metaplasia or the appearance of intestinal-like columnar tissue in the oesophagus.
  • Barrett's metaplasia develops as a result of gastro-oesophageal reflux and is considered the precursor lesion for oesophageal adenocarcinoma.
  • While we know quite a bit about the molecular events associated with the development of oesophageal adenocarcinoma, our understanding of the initial events leading to Barrett's metaplasia is lacking.
  • In the present review we will focus on examples of metaplasia that lead to neoplasia and discuss some of the underlying molecular and cellular mechanisms.
  • [MeSH-major] Barrett Esophagus / pathology. Epithelial Cells / pathology. Precancerous Conditions / pathology

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  • (PMID = 17618050.001).
  • [ISSN] 0006-3002
  • [Journal-full-title] Biochimica et biophysica acta
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Biochim. Biophys. Acta
  • [Language] eng
  • [Grant] United Kingdom / Medical Research Council / / G0300415; United Kingdom / Wellcome Trust / /
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't; Review
  • [Publication-country] Netherlands
  • [Number-of-references] 137
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66. Daisne JF, Grégoire V: [Multimodalities imaging for target volume definition in radiotherapy]. Bull Cancer; 2006 Dec;93(12):1175-82
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  • [Transliterated title] Imagerie multimodale pour la définition des volumes cibles en radiothérapie.
  • The aim is to better target the tumor while decreasing the dose administered to surrounding normal tissues.
  • The risks are : a geographical miss with tumor underirradiation on the one hand, and a tumor overestimation with undue normal tissues irradiation on the other hand.
  • We will then review the different clinical results reported with multi-modalities imaging for tumors of the head, neck, lung, esophagus, cervix and lymphomas.
  • [MeSH-major] Diagnostic Imaging. Neoplasms / diagnosis. Radiotherapy, Conformal
  • [MeSH-minor] Algorithms. Brain Neoplasms / diagnosis. Brain Neoplasms / radiotherapy. Carcinoma, Non-Small-Cell Lung / diagnosis. Carcinoma, Non-Small-Cell Lung / radiotherapy. Esophageal Neoplasms / diagnosis. Esophageal Neoplasms / radiotherapy. Female. Head and Neck Neoplasms / diagnosis. Head and Neck Neoplasms / radiotherapy. Humans. Lung Neoplasms / diagnosis. Lung Neoplasms / radiotherapy. Lymphoma / diagnosis. Magnetic Resonance Imaging. Positron-Emission Tomography. Radiation Injuries / prevention & control. Radiotherapy Planning, Computer-Assisted. Radiotherapy, Intensity-Modulated / methods. Radiotherapy, Intensity-Modulated / standards. Tomography, X-Ray Computed. Uterine Cervical Neoplasms / diagnosis. Uterine Cervical Neoplasms / radiotherapy

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  • (PMID = 17182373.001).
  • [ISSN] 1769-6917
  • [Journal-full-title] Bulletin du cancer
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Bull Cancer
  • [Language] fre
  • [Publication-type] English Abstract; Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] France
  • [Number-of-references] 50
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67. Wong Kee Song LM, Wilson BC: Endoscopic detection of early upper GI cancers. Best Pract Res Clin Gastroenterol; 2005 Dec;19(6):833-56
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  • In conditions such as Barrett's oesophagus, practice guidelines recommend periodic endoscopic surveillance with multiple biopsies, a methodology that is hindered by random sampling error, inconsistent histopathological interpretation, and delay in diagnosis.
  • [MeSH-major] Barrett Esophagus / pathology. Endoscopy, Digestive System / methods. Gastrointestinal Neoplasms / diagnosis. Upper Gastrointestinal Tract / pathology
  • [MeSH-minor] Diagnostic Imaging / methods. Early Diagnosis. Humans. Microscopy, Confocal. Spectrometry, Fluorescence / methods. Spectrum Analysis / methods. Tomography, Optical Coherence

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  • (PMID = 16338645.001).
  • [ISSN] 1521-6918
  • [Journal-full-title] Best practice & research. Clinical gastroenterology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Best Pract Res Clin Gastroenterol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Number-of-references] 83
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68. Duţă NL, Enăchescu V, Drăgoi GS, Melinte R: Contributions to the micro-anatomical evaluation of the ratio between the muscular tunic structures of the oesophagus. Biomechanical, anatomic and clinical implications. Rom J Morphol Embryol; 2006;47(2):155-61
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  • [Title] Contributions to the micro-anatomical evaluation of the ratio between the muscular tunic structures of the oesophagus. Biomechanical, anatomic and clinical implications.
  • The aim of our research is to make a microanatomical evaluation of the ratios of the structural elements of the oesophagus muscular tunic and suggest a new perspective in the general knowledge about this tubular organ.
  • The visualisation of the structural elements was done using classical microanatomical methods Hematoxylin-Eosin for general orientation, Van Gieson for picrofuxinophile collagen fibers and Gömöri for reticuline fibers.
  • The co-existence in the architecture of the oesophagus of two microcinematic systems structurally divergent, but functionally convergent represents microanatomical arguments for the nomination of a new type of muscles--the oesophageal muscle--anatomo-functionally different from the skeletal striate muscle, from the smooth visceral muscle, from the cardiac muscle or from the embryonic type muscle of the excitoconductor system.
  • The extra cellular matrix of the muscular tunic of the oesophagus contributes to the organization of the endo- and peri-misium, as well as to the three structures involved in the biomechanics of the oesophageal muscle: the connective-vascular septa, the microtendons that have in their structure receptors of the peristaltic reflex and, finally, the lamina propria myenterica strewed with numerous neuronal structures.
  • The co-existence of the stereo-distribution of the monostructured fascicles (skeletal muscular fibers or smooth muscular cells) with bistructured fascicles (skeletal-smooth) gives the oesophagus a heterogeneous architecture.
  • [MeSH-major] Esophagus / anatomy & histology. Muscle, Skeletal / anatomy & histology

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  • (PMID = 17106524.001).
  • [ISSN] 1220-0522
  • [Journal-full-title] Romanian journal of morphology and embryology = Revue roumaine de morphologie et embryologie
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Rom J Morphol Embryol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Romania
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69. Adelstein DJ, Rice TW, Rybicki LA, Saxton JP, Videtic GM, Murthy SC, Mason DP, Rodriguez CP, Ives DI: Mature results from a phase II trial of postoperative concurrent chemoradiotherapy for poor prognosis cancer of the esophagus and gastroesophageal junction. J Thorac Oncol; 2009 Oct;4(10):1264-9
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  • [Title] Mature results from a phase II trial of postoperative concurrent chemoradiotherapy for poor prognosis cancer of the esophagus and gastroesophageal junction.
  • INTRODUCTION: Mature results are presented from a phase II trial of postoperative concurrent chemoradiotherapy in patients with poor-prognosis cancer of the esophagus and gastroesophageal junction after primary surgical resection.
  • CONCLUSIONS: This schedule of postoperative concurrent chemoradiotherapy has acceptable toxicity for patients with poor-prognosis esophageal and gastroesophageal junction cancer after surgery.
  • [MeSH-major] Esophageal Neoplasms / drug therapy. Esophageal Neoplasms / radiotherapy. Esophagogastric Junction / pathology. Stomach Neoplasms / drug therapy. Stomach Neoplasms / radiotherapy
  • [MeSH-minor] Adenocarcinoma / pathology. Adenocarcinoma / therapy. Adult. Aged. Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols / therapeutic use. Carcinoma, Squamous Cell / pathology. Carcinoma, Squamous Cell / therapy. Cisplatin / administration & dosage. Esophagectomy. Female. Fluorouracil / administration & dosage. Humans. Male. Middle Aged. Neoplasm Staging. Postoperative Period. Prospective Studies. Radiotherapy Dosage. Survival Rate. Treatment Outcome

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  • (PMID = 19668013.001).
  • [ISSN] 1556-1380
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of thoracic oncology : official publication of the International Association for the Study of Lung Cancer
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Thorac Oncol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Clinical Trial, Phase II; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] Q20Q21Q62J / Cisplatin; U3P01618RT / Fluorouracil
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70. Mir MM, Dar JA, Dar NA, Syed AT, Salam I, Lone GN: The Association of Beta-catenin Gene Mutations and Human Papillomavirus in Carcinoma of Esophagus in a High-Risk Population of India. Int J Health Sci (Qassim); 2007 Jul;1(2):177-83
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  • [Title] The Association of Beta-catenin Gene Mutations and Human Papillomavirus in Carcinoma of Esophagus in a High-Risk Population of India.
  • BACKGROUND: Esophageal cancer (EC) is the sixth leading cause of death from cancer.
  • Kashmir, in the north of India, has been described as a high-risk area for esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC).
  • METHODS: The hot spot mutation region of β-catenin exon 3 was evaluated in matched tumor and normal tissues using a combination of PCR-SSCP and direct sequencing.
  • RESULTS: None of the tumors showed the presence of commonly reported mutations in β-catenin.
  • In view of the fact that HPV has been linked to pathogenesis of EC, we screened all the tumor and control specimens for the presence of HPV and we didn't detect HPV in any of the matched tumor and control specimens in contrast to the positive controls we used.
  • CONCLUSION: In conclusion our results suggest that squamous cell carcinoma of esophagus in Kashmir may arise independent of oncogenic β-catenin mutations and HPV is unlikely to be an etiologic factor for ESCC in this region.

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  • (PMID = 21475426.001).
  • [ISSN] 1658-3639
  • [Journal-full-title] International journal of health sciences
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Int J Health Sci (Qassim)
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Saudi Arabia
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC3068640
  • [Keywords] NOTNLM ; Esophageal cancer / human papillomavirus / β-catenin gene mutations
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71. Baraniuk JN, Zheng Y: Relationships among rhinitis, fibromyalgia, and chronic fatigue. Allergy Asthma Proc; 2010 May-Jun;31(3):169-78
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  • CFS has significant overlap with systemic hyperalgesia (fibromyalgia), autonomic dysfunction (irritable bowel syndrome and migraine headaches), sensory hypersensitivity (dyspnea; congestion; rhinorrhea; and appreciation of visceral nociception in the esophagus, gastrointestinal tract, bladder, and other organs), and central nervous system maladaptations (central sensitization) recorded by functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI).


72. Elola-Olaso AM, Mullett TW, Gagliardi RJ: Epiphrenic diverticulum: robotic-assisted transhiatal approach. Surg Laparosc Endosc Percutan Tech; 2009 Oct;19(5):e184-8
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  • (1) A 73-year-old female patient who presented with 2 large esophageal diverticula at the mid esophagus and gastroesophageal junction, and a large hiatal hernia.
  • The patient developed a mild esophageal leak, which resolved successfully with conservative treatment;.
  • [MeSH-major] Diverticulum, Esophageal / surgery. Hernia, Hiatal / surgery. Laparoscopy / methods. Robotics / methods. Surgery, Computer-Assisted / methods

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  • (PMID = 19851249.001).
  • [ISSN] 1534-4908
  • [Journal-full-title] Surgical laparoscopy, endoscopy & percutaneous techniques
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Surg Laparosc Endosc Percutan Tech
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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73. Kuo CJ, Lin TN, Lin CJ, Wu RC, Chang HK, Chu YY, Lien JM, Su MY, Chiu CT: Clinical manifestation of esophageal carcinosarcoma: a Taiwan experience. Dis Esophagus; 2010 Feb;23(2):122-7
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  • [Title] Clinical manifestation of esophageal carcinosarcoma: a Taiwan experience.
  • Carcinosarcoma of the esophagus is a rare neoplasm with both carcinomatous and sarcomatous components.
  • The data of patients diagnosed to have esophageal carcinosarcoma pathologically in the past 30 years (January 1976-December 2007) were reviewed.
  • Of 3318 cases of esophageal malignancy, 12 were diagnosed as esophageal carcinosarcoma, with an incidence of 0.36%.
  • Of the 12 tumors, 8 were polypoid type, and 4 were ulcerative type.
  • In the endoscopic ultrasonography examination, the tumors show heterogeneous hypoechoic lesions with irregular outer margins and internal multicystic components.
  • This is the first report about the characteristics of esophageal carcinosarcoma under endoscopic ultrasonography examination.
  • The relationship between esophageal carcinosarcomas and head and neck cancer needs further investigation.

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  • (PMID = 19473206.001).
  • [ISSN] 1442-2050
  • [Journal-full-title] Diseases of the esophagus : official journal of the International Society for Diseases of the Esophagus
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Dis. Esophagus
  • [Language] ENG
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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74. Włodarczyk J: [Application of Lugol solution in the gastroesophageal reflux disease]. Przegl Lek; 2007;64(9):549-51
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  • Endoscopy examination followed by Lugol solution staining is used in the diagnostics of early squamous cell carcinoma of the esophagus.
  • [MeSH-major] Gastroesophageal Reflux / diagnosis. Iodides

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  • (PMID = 18510074.001).
  • [ISSN] 0033-2240
  • [Journal-full-title] Przegla̧d lekarski
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Prz. Lek.
  • [Language] pol
  • [Publication-type] English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Poland
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Iodides; T66M6Y3KSA / Lugol's solution
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76. Bîrlă R, Losif C, Gîndea C, Hoară P, Constantinoiu S: [Treatment of the esophago-gastric junction adenocarcinoma]. Chirurgia (Bucur); 2008 Mar-Apr;103(2):143-53
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  • [Transliterated title] Tratamentul adenocarcinomului de joncţiune esogastrică.
  • The later reveal many novelties about AC prophylaxis through Barrett's esophagus (BE) treatment, using proton pomp inhibitors or antireflux surgical procedures, the progress of the endoluminal ablative methods for intestinal metaplasia, as well as a new surgical approach for advances tumors based on Siewert classification.
  • Preoperative radio-chemotherapy appears to increase the chance for a curative resection at the patients with advanced tumors.
  • [MeSH-major] Adenocarcinoma / surgery. Esophageal Neoplasms / surgery. Esophagogastric Junction. Stomach Neoplasms / surgery

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  • (PMID = 18457092.001).
  • [ISSN] 1221-9118
  • [Journal-full-title] Chirurgia (Bucharest, Romania : 1990)
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Chirurgia (Bucur)
  • [Language] rum
  • [Publication-type] English Abstract; Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] Romania
  • [Number-of-references] 43
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77. Massarrat S: Smoking and gut. Arch Iran Med; 2008 May;11(3):293-305
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  • It also increases the incidence of cancer of oral cavity, esophagus, stomach, pancreas, and liver mostly in a dose-response relationship and worsens the prognosis of colon cancer.
  • The cessation of smoking is associated with the reduced incidence of cancer in the reported organs, but its effect on the regression of benign disease is not generally studied.
  • The physicians must be aware not only of the harmful effect of smoking on the cardiovascular and bronchial systems, but also about the detrimental consequences of life-long smoking on the gastrointestinal tract and the increase of its benign and malignant diseases.
  • [MeSH-minor] Dyspepsia / physiopathology. Esophagus / physiopathology. Gastric Acid / secretion. Gastric Mucosa / physiopathology. Gastrointestinal Motility / physiology. Humans. Liver / metabolism. Mouth Neoplasms / chemically induced. Pancreas / secretion

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  • (PMID = 18426321.001).
  • [ISSN] 1029-2977
  • [Journal-full-title] Archives of Iranian medicine
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Arch Iran Med
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] Iran
  • [Number-of-references] 185
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78. Goetz M, Kiesslich R: Confocal endomicroscopy: in vivo diagnosis of neoplastic lesions of the gastrointestinal tract. Anticancer Res; 2008 Jan-Feb;28(1B):353-60
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  • [Title] Confocal endomicroscopy: in vivo diagnosis of neoplastic lesions of the gastrointestinal tract.
  • Confocal endomicroscopy is a novel technology which allows subsurface histological diagnosis at a cellular and subcellular level in vivo.
  • This allows immediate diagnosis of neoplastic and inflammatory lesions of the intestinal mucosa.
  • Studies have demonstrated the power of confocal endomicroscopy in screening and surveillance colonoscopy, ulcerative colitis, Barrett's esophagus, and gastric cancer.
  • In animal models of human diseases, the same technology has provided molecular imaging of cancer, functional imaging of altered perfusion in malignant and inflammatory disease and high resolution in vivo morphological diagnosis.
  • Confocal endomicroscopy is evolving as a novel technique for rapid intravital diagnosis of gastrointestinal neoplastic diseases at the microscopic level and bears the potential for molecular imaging in humans in the future.
  • [MeSH-major] Endoscopy, Gastrointestinal / methods. Gastrointestinal Neoplasms / diagnosis. Microscopy, Confocal / methods

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  • (PMID = 18383869.001).
  • [ISSN] 0250-7005
  • [Journal-full-title] Anticancer research
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Anticancer Res.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] Greece
  • [Number-of-references] 31
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79. Li HC, Stoicov C, Rogers AB, Houghton J: Stem cells and cancer: evidence for bone marrow stem cells in epithelial cancers. World J Gastroenterol; 2006 Jan 21;12(3):363-71
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  • Within the gastrointestinal tract, there are many examples of inflammatory conditions associated with cancer, and these include reflux disease and Barrettos adenocarcinoma of the esophagus, Helicobacter infection and gastric cancer, inflammatory bowel disease and colorectal cancer and viral hepatitis leading to hepatocellular carcinoma.
  • There are several mechanisms by which chronic inflammation has been postulated to lead to cancer which includes enhanced proliferation in an endless attempt to heal damage, the presence of a persistent inflammatory environment creating a pro-carcinogenic environment and more recently a role for engraftment of circulating marrow-derived stem cells which may contribute to the stromal components of the tumor as well as the tumor mass itself.
  • Here we review the recent advances in our understanding of the contributions of circulating bone marrow-derived stem cells to the formation of tumors in animal models as well as in human beings.

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  • (PMID = 16489634.001).
  • [ISSN] 1007-9327
  • [Journal-full-title] World journal of gastroenterology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] World J. Gastroenterol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] China
  • [Number-of-references] 61
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC4066053
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80. Maruyama K, Nagai K, Naoi Y, Yokoyama S, Yoneda K, Katsumoto Y, Murata K, Yokouchi H, Kinuta M: [A case of T4 esophageal squamous cell carcinoma in esophagogastric junction effectively treated by neoadjuvant FAP therapy]. Gan To Kagaku Ryoho; 2005 May;32(5):659-62
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  • [Title] [A case of T4 esophageal squamous cell carcinoma in esophagogastric junction effectively treated by neoadjuvant FAP therapy].
  • Upper GI series and upper digestive tract endoscopy revealed type 3 cancer lesion in the area from the lower thoracic esophagus to the middle gastric body.
  • [MeSH-major] Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols / therapeutic use. Carcinoma, Squamous Cell / drug therapy. Esophageal Neoplasms / drug therapy. Esophagectomy. Esophagogastric Junction. Gastrectomy. Lymph Node Excision

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  • (PMID = 15918567.001).
  • [ISSN] 0385-0684
  • [Journal-full-title] Gan to kagaku ryoho. Cancer & chemotherapy
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Gan To Kagaku Ryoho
  • [Language] jpn
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Japan
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 80168379AG / Doxorubicin; Q20Q21Q62J / Cisplatin; U3P01618RT / Fluorouracil; FAP protocol
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81. Falk GW, Jankowski J: Chemoprevention and Barrett's esophagus: decisions, decisions. Am J Gastroenterol; 2008 Oct;103(10):2443-5
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  • [Title] Chemoprevention and Barrett's esophagus: decisions, decisions.
  • The incidence of esophageal adenocarcinoma continues to increase at a rate greater than that of any other cancer in the western world.
  • In this issue of the American Journal of Gastroenterology, Hur et al. examined Barrett's esophagus patient preferences for cancer chemoprevention with either aspirin or celecoxib.
  • While this study indicates that there is a strong interest among Barrett's esophagus patients for chemoprevention, it is still premature for our patients to embark on such an approach.
  • The role of chemoprevention in Barrett's esophagus still awaits the results of ongoing clinical trials in the United Kingdom and North America.
  • [MeSH-major] Adenocarcinoma / prevention & control. Barrett Esophagus / drug therapy. Cyclooxygenase Inhibitors / therapeutic use. Esophageal Neoplasms / prevention & control. Precancerous Conditions

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  • [CommentOn] Am J Gastroenterol. 2008 Oct;103(10):2432-42 [18775019.001]
  • (PMID = 18775008.001).
  • [ISSN] 1572-0241
  • [Journal-full-title] The American journal of gastroenterology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Am. J. Gastroenterol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Grant] United Kingdom / Cancer Research UK / / 4584
  • [Publication-type] Comment; Editorial
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Cyclooxygenase Inhibitors; 0 / Pyrazoles; 0 / Sulfonamides; JCX84Q7J1L / Celecoxib; R16CO5Y76E / Aspirin
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82. Zimmerman SL, Levine MS, Rubesin SE, Mitre MC, Furth EE, Laufer I, Katzka DA: Idiopathic eosinophilic esophagitis in adults: the ringed esophagus. Radiology; 2005 Jul;236(1):159-65
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  • [Title] Idiopathic eosinophilic esophagitis in adults: the ringed esophagus.
  • PURPOSE: To retrospectively assess the findings of idiopathic eosinophilic esophagitis (IEE) at barium studies and determine the frequency of the ringed esophagus in patients with this condition.
  • Ten patients (71%) had a total of 11 strictures at barium studies (two in the upper part of the esophagus, two in the middle part, three in the distal part, one in the middle and distal parts, and three at the gastroesophageal junction).
  • In seven patients (50%), the strictures contained multiple fixed ringlike indentations that produced a ringed esophagus.
  • CONCLUSION: The findings suggest that most patients with IEE have esophageal strictures, often with distinctive ringlike indentations that produce a ringed esophagus.
  • [MeSH-major] Eosinophilia / etiology. Esophageal Stenosis / complications. Esophagitis / etiology

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  • [Copyright] Copyright RSNA, 2005
  • (PMID = 15983073.001).
  • [ISSN] 0033-8419
  • [Journal-full-title] Radiology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Radiology
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Comparative Study; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Contrast Media; 25BB7EKE2E / Barium Sulfate
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83. López-Aramburu MA, Viguri Díaz A, Rosa Arias J, Peña Pérez P: [Penile metastasis like first sign of esophagus carcinoma]. Actas Urol Esp; 2009 Mar;33(3):318-20
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  • [Title] [Penile metastasis like first sign of esophagus carcinoma].
  • [Transliterated title] Metástasis peneana como primera manifestación de un carcinoma esofágico.
  • The original tumour has been situated in the esophagus, which is a rare clinical situation.
  • But what becomes exceptional in our clinical case is that the penile metastasis was the first disease symptom, since until this moment the original tumour has been silent.
  • [MeSH-major] Carcinoma, Squamous Cell / secondary. Esophageal Neoplasms / pathology. Penile Neoplasms / secondary

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  • (PMID = 19537072.001).
  • [ISSN] 0210-4806
  • [Journal-full-title] Actas urologicas españolas
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Actas Urol Esp
  • [Language] spa
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Spain
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84. Patti MG, Waxman I: Gastroesophageal reflux disease: From heartburn to cancer. World J Gastroenterol; 2010 Aug 14;16(30):3743-4
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  • About 10%-15% of patients with gastroesophageal reflux disease develop Barrett's esophagus.
  • Recently, major advances have been made in the endoscopic treatment of Barrett's esophagus, therefore limiting the role of surgery in the treatment of this disease.
  • [MeSH-major] Adenocarcinoma / etiology. Barrett Esophagus / etiology. Esophageal Neoplasms / etiology. Gastroesophageal Reflux / complications. Heartburn / etiology. Precancerous Conditions / etiology

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  • (PMID = 20698034.001).
  • [ISSN] 2219-2840
  • [Journal-full-title] World journal of gastroenterology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] World J. Gastroenterol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Editorial; Introductory Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] China
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC2921083
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85. Qu X, Yang W, Han T, Jiang M, Qu Y, Wang G, Xu G: Pneumocephalus after interventional therapy in esophageal cancer. Clin Neurol Neurosurg; 2010 Oct;112(8):707-9
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  • [Title] Pneumocephalus after interventional therapy in esophageal cancer.
  • To our knowledge, a case of tension pneumocephalus caused by subarachnoid-esophagus fistula has not been reported previously.
  • In this report, an unusual case of tension pneumocephalus, which appeared after esophageal cancer disrupting paravertebral tissue resulted in subarachnoid-esophagus fistula, is presented and the involvements in tension pneumocephalus are discussed.
  • [MeSH-major] Esophageal Fistula / etiology. Esophageal Neoplasms / complications. Pneumocephalus / therapy. Stents / adverse effects. Subarachnoid Space

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  • [Copyright] (c) 2010 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
  • (PMID = 20452718.001).
  • [ISSN] 1872-6968
  • [Journal-full-title] Clinical neurology and neurosurgery
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Clin Neurol Neurosurg
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Netherlands
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86. Bibliography. Current world literature. Esophagus. Curr Opin Gastroenterol; 2007 Jul;23(4):479-90
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  • [Title] Bibliography. Current world literature. Esophagus.
  • [MeSH-major] Esophageal Diseases

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  • (PMID = 17545787.001).
  • [ISSN] 0267-1379
  • [Journal-full-title] Current opinion in gastroenterology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Curr. Opin. Gastroenterol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Bibliography
  • [Publication-country] United States
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87. Spiess R, Schoofs A, Heinzel HG: Anatomy of the stomatogastric nervous system associated with the foregut in Drosophila melanogaster and Calliphora vicina third instar larvae. J Morphol; 2008 Mar;269(3):272-82
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  • In both species, the foregut comprises pharynx, esophagus, and proventriculus.
  • Only in Calliphora does the esophagus form a crop.
  • The junction is composed of four nerves: the frontal connectives that fuse with the antennal nerves (ANs), the frontal nerve innervating the cibarial dilator muscles and the recurrent nerve that innervates the esophagus and projects to the HCG.
  • Differences in the SNS are restricted to a crop nerve only present in Calliphora and an esophageal ganglion that only exists in Drosophila.

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  • (PMID = 17960761.001).
  • [ISSN] 0362-2525
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of morphology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Morphol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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88. Davison SP, Yoder BE, Boehmler JH 4th: Repairing esophageal perforations with a transverse cervical musculofascial flap. Ann Plast Surg; 2006 Aug;57(2):164-8
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  • [Title] Repairing esophageal perforations with a transverse cervical musculofascial flap.
  • OBJECTIVES/HYPOTHESIS: Although rare, perforations of the esophagus following spinal surgery via an anterior approach are serious life-threatening problems.
  • Early diagnosis and treatment are imperative.
  • A common method of repair is isolation and primary repair of the defect in the esophagus, with interpositional muscle coverage.
  • STUDY DESIGN/METHODS: Retrospective review was performed on 3 patients who had repair of esophageal perforations following spinal surgery with an anterior approach.
  • RESULTS: In all 3 cases, hardware was found to be eroding through the esophagus.
  • CONCLUSIONS: The transverse cervical artery musculofascial flap can be an ideal method for repair of small cervical esophageal perforations, although spinal hardware should be removed if felt to be the etiology of the perforation.
  • [MeSH-major] Esophageal Perforation / surgery. Reconstructive Surgical Procedures / methods. Surgical Flaps

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  • (PMID = 16861996.001).
  • [ISSN] 0148-7043
  • [Journal-full-title] Annals of plastic surgery
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Ann Plast Surg
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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89. Johnsson E, Lundell L, Liedman B: Sealing of esophageal perforation or ruptures with expandable metallic stents: a prospective controlled study on treatment efficacy and limitations. Dis Esophagus; 2005;18(4):262-6
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  • [Title] Sealing of esophageal perforation or ruptures with expandable metallic stents: a prospective controlled study on treatment efficacy and limitations.
  • Esophageal perforations are surgical emergencies with high mortality rates.
  • The aim of this study was to investigate if treatment with covered expandable metallic stents could offer a feasible option for the management of a leaking esophagus regardless of cause.
  • Twenty-two consecutive patients with perforation or leakage from the intrathoracic esophagus were endoscopically treated with placement of a covered expandable metallic stent.
  • Nine patients had esophageal cancer and 13 had benign underlying disease of whom two had a leakage from a surgical anastomosis.
  • This patient died after an open esophageal diversion procedure.
  • In patients with benign disease stents were removed or replaced after 3 weeks.
  • Leakage from a damage esophagus can be effectively covered by expandable metallic stents seemingly regardless of the underlying cause and is likely to offer a good chance of survival even in severely ill patients.

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  • (PMID = 16128784.001).
  • [ISSN] 1120-8694
  • [Journal-full-title] Diseases of the esophagus : official journal of the International Society for Diseases of the Esophagus
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Dis. Esophagus
  • [Language] ENG
  • [Publication-type] Controlled Clinical Trial; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Alloys
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90. de Martel C, Haggerty TD, Corley DA, Vogelman JH, Orentreich N, Parsonnet J: Serum ghrelin levels and risk of subsequent adenocarcinoma of the esophagus. Am J Gastroenterol; 2007 Jun;102(6):1166-72
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  • [Title] Serum ghrelin levels and risk of subsequent adenocarcinoma of the esophagus.
  • OBJECTIVE: Several large studies have shown a negative association between Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) infection and esophageal adenocarcinoma.
  • Diminution of gastric ghrelin secretion by H. pylori could protect against esophageal malignancy by decreasing appetite, food intake, and acid production, thereby decreasing weight and gastroesophageal reflux.
  • METHODS: We evaluated the association of ghrelin with esophageal adenocarcinoma using a population from a previous nested case-control study.
  • Among 128,992 enrolled in a multiphasic health checkup (MHC) between 1964 and 1969, 52 patients developed esophageal adenocarcinoma by the year 2000.
  • RESULTS: A concentration of ghrelin greater than 3,200 pg/mL at MHC (fourth quartile) was associated with a lower risk of esophageal cancer (H. pylori and body mass index [BMI] adjusted OR=0.18 [CI 0.04-0.78]).
  • CONCLUSION: Contrary to the original hypothesis, high rather than low serum ghrelin was associated with protection against esophageal adenocarcinoma but only among overweight subjects.
  • [MeSH-major] Adenocarcinoma / blood. Esophageal Neoplasms / blood. Peptide Hormones / blood

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  • (PMID = 17378911.001).
  • [ISSN] 0002-9270
  • [Journal-full-title] The American journal of gastroenterology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Am. J. Gastroenterol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Randomized Controlled Trial
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Ghrelin; 0 / Peptide Hormones
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91. Bhat YM, Furth EE, Brensinger CM, Ginsberg GG: Endoscopic Resection with Ligation Using a Multi-Band Mucosectomy System in Barrett's Esophagus with High-Grade Dysplasia and Intramucosal Carcinoma. Therap Adv Gastroenterol; 2009 Nov;2(6):323-30
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  • [Title] Endoscopic Resection with Ligation Using a Multi-Band Mucosectomy System in Barrett's Esophagus with High-Grade Dysplasia and Intramucosal Carcinoma.
  • BACKGROUND: Endoscopic therapy for early neoplasia in Barrett's esophagus (BE) is evolving.

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  • (PMID = 21180580.001).
  • [ISSN] 1756-2848
  • [Journal-full-title] Therapeutic advances in gastroenterology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Therap Adv Gastroenterol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC3002559
  • [Keywords] NOTNLM ; Barrett's esophagus / early esophageal cancer / endoscopic treatment of Barrett's esophagus
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92. Obuchi T, Sasaki A, Nitta H, Koeda K, Ikeda K, Wakabayashi G: Minimally invasive surgical enucleation for esophageal leiomyoma: report of seven cases. Dis Esophagus; 2010 Jan;23(1):E1-4
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  • [Title] Minimally invasive surgical enucleation for esophageal leiomyoma: report of seven cases.
  • Benign esophageal tumor is a rare entity, with leiomyoma being the most common lesion.
  • We present our experience with enucleation of esophageal leiomyomas using a minimally invasive approach.
  • Between March 1998 and June 2008, seven patients with esophageal leiomyoma underwent right thoracosopic enucleation (n=4) or laparoscopic transhiatal enucleation (n=3).
  • A Dor (n=2) or Toupet fundoplication (n=1) were added for laparoscopic procedure.
  • The mean tumor size was 3.9 cm (range, 1.5-5.5 cm).
  • Tumor locations were upper (n=2), middle (n=1), and lower (n=4) thirds of the esophagus.
  • Thoracoscopic and laparoscopic transhiatal enucleation for esophageal leiomyomas is a safe and feasible procedure.
  • The optimal approaches should be tailored based on the location and size of the tumor.

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  • (PMID = 19207558.001).
  • [ISSN] 1442-2050
  • [Journal-full-title] Diseases of the esophagus : official journal of the International Society for Diseases of the Esophagus
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Dis. Esophagus
  • [Language] ENG
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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93. Möbius C, Freire J, Becker I, Feith M, Brücher BL, Hennig M, Siewert JR, Stein HJ: VEGF-C expression in squamous cell carcinoma and adenocarcinoma of the esophagus. World J Surg; 2007 Sep;31(9):1768-72; discussion 1773-4
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  • [Title] VEGF-C expression in squamous cell carcinoma and adenocarcinoma of the esophagus.
  • In esophageal cancer the histologic tumor type and lymph node metastasis are independent predictors of recurrence and poor outcome.
  • To evaluate the rule of VEGF-C expression in esophageal cancer, we investigated 113 specimens, 59 squamous cell and 54 adenocarcinomas of the esophagus.
  • METHODS: The expression of VEGF-C was evaluated using immunohistochemistry (IHC) on 59 paraffin-embedded archival specimens from patients with squamous cell esophageal carcinomas and 54 paraffin-embedded archival specimens of patients with esophageal adenocarcinomas arising in Barrett's mucosa.
  • All patients had a complete tumor resection.
  • RESULTS: The expression of VEGF-C was significantly different between the two histological types of esophageal tumors.
  • In patients with adenocarcinoma of the esophagus there was no correlation between VEGF-C expression and clinicopathological parameters.
  • High VEGF-C expression tended to be correlated with poor survival in squamous cell cancer but not in adenocarcinoma of the esophagus.
  • CONCLUSIONS: The present study indicates that VEGF-C may play a role in tumor progression via lymphangiogenesis in squamous cell carcinoma of the esophagus.
  • This seems not to be true for the adenocarcinoma of the esophagus.
  • These data could help with the understanding of the different onset and characteristics of lymph node metastasis in squamous cell carcinoma and adenocarcinoma of the esophagus.
  • [MeSH-major] Adenocarcinoma / chemistry. Adenocarcinoma / pathology. Biomarkers, Tumor / analysis. Carcinoma, Squamous Cell / chemistry. Carcinoma, Squamous Cell / pathology. Esophageal Neoplasms / chemistry. Esophageal Neoplasms / pathology. Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor C / analysis

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  • (PMID = 17354029.001).
  • [ISSN] 0364-2313
  • [Journal-full-title] World journal of surgery
  • [ISO-abbreviation] World J Surg
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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94. Hattori Y, Komachi Y, Asakura T, Shimosegawa T, Kanai G, Tashiro H, Sato H: In vivo Raman study of the living rat esophagus and stomach using a micro-Raman probe under an endoscope. Appl Spectrosc; 2007 Jun;61(6):579-84
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  • [Title] In vivo Raman study of the living rat esophagus and stomach using a micro-Raman probe under an endoscope.
  • Raman spectra of living rat esophagus and stomach are successfully measured.
  • [MeSH-major] Endoscopes, Gastrointestinal. Esophagus / chemistry. Esophagus / cytology. Fiber Optic Technology / instrumentation. Spectrum Analysis, Raman / instrumentation. Stomach / chemistry. Stomach / cytology. Transducers

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  • (PMID = 17650367.001).
  • [ISSN] 0003-7028
  • [Journal-full-title] Applied spectroscopy
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Appl Spectrosc
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] United States
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95. Inoue H, Kudo SE: [Per-oral endoscopic myotomy (POEM) for 43 consecutive cases of esophageal achalasia]. Nihon Rinsho; 2010 Sep;68(9):1749-52
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  • [Title] [Per-oral endoscopic myotomy (POEM) for 43 consecutive cases of esophageal achalasia].
  • INTRODUCTION: To establish less invasive permanent treatment for esophageal achalasia, per-oral endoscopic myotomy (POEM) was addressed.
  • PROCEDURE: After creating submucosal tunnel, endoscopic myotomy of circular muscle bundles was carried out at approximately 12cm in total length (10 cm in distal esophagus and 2 cm cardia).
  • [MeSH-major] Esophageal Achalasia / surgery. Esophagoscopy / methods. Esophagus / surgery. Muscle, Smooth / surgery

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  • (PMID = 20845759.001).
  • [ISSN] 0047-1852
  • [Journal-full-title] Nihon rinsho. Japanese journal of clinical medicine
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Nippon Rinsho
  • [Language] jpn
  • [Publication-type] English Abstract; Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] Japan
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 142M471B3J / Carbon Dioxide
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96. Nikfarjam M, Faulx A, Laughinghouse M, Marks JM: Feasibility of radiofrequency ablation for the treatment of chronic radiation proctitis. Surg Innov; 2010 Jun;17(2):92-4
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  • Radiofrequency ablation has recently been shown to be effective in the management of gastric antral vascular ectasia and Barrett's esophagus, but its utility in the treatment of chronic radiation proctitis is undetermined.

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  • (PMID = 20504783.001).
  • [ISSN] 1553-3514
  • [Journal-full-title] Surgical innovation
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Surg Innov
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] United States
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97. Gadaleta RM, van Mil SW, Oldenburg B, Siersema PD, Klomp LW, van Erpecum KJ: Bile acids and their nuclear receptor FXR: Relevance for hepatobiliary and gastrointestinal disease. Biochim Biophys Acta; 2010 Jul;1801(7):683-92
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  • Recent evidence suggests, that the bile acid-FXR interaction is involved in the pathophysiology of a wide range of diseases of the liver, biliary and gastrointestinal tract, such as cholestatic and inflammatory liver diseases and hepatocellular carcinoma, inflammatory bowel disease and inflammation-associated cancer of the colon and esophagus.

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  • [Copyright] Copyright 2010 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
  • (PMID = 20399894.001).
  • [ISSN] 0006-3002
  • [Journal-full-title] Biochimica et biophysica acta
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Biochim. Biophys. Acta
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] Netherlands
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Bile Acids and Salts; 0 / Receptors, Cytoplasmic and Nuclear; 0 / farnesoid X-activated receptor
  • [Number-of-references] 88
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98. Fox KM, Brooks JM, Gandra SR, Markus R, Chiou CF: Estimation of Cachexia among Cancer Patients Based on Four Definitions. J Oncol; 2009;2009:693458
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  • (1) ICD-9 diagnostic code of 799.4 (cachexia), (2) ICD-9 diagnosis of cachexia, anorexia, abnormal weight loss, or feeding difficulties, (3) prescription for megestrol acetate, oxandrolone, somatropin, or dronabinol, and (4) >/=5% weight loss.
  • Patients with cancer of the stomach, pancreas, lung, colon/rectum, head/neck, esophagus, prostate, breast, or liver diagnosed between 1999 and 2004 were followed for cachexia.

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  • (PMID = 19587829.001).
  • [ISSN] 1687-8450
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of oncology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Oncol
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99. Jankowski JA, Talley NJ: Dissecting GI phenotype-genotype relationships in GERD and dyspepsia: an SNP here and an SNP there! Am J Gastroenterol; 2009 Feb;104(2):286-8
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  • Understanding gastrointestinal disease has indicated that germline adenomatous polyposis coli mutations predispose with a 99% certainty to colorectal cancer, whereas squamous esophageal cancer is caused by a combination of environmental exposures (including alcohol consumption, cigarette smoke, ingestion of contaminated preserved food) and/or infection (specifically with human papilloma virus), in most cases.
  • Until now, despite the reasonably strong evidence for genetic risk from monozygotic twin studies for gastro-esophageal reflux disease (GERD), there have been no documented genetic targets in GERD.
  • In this edition of the Journal, there is intriguing evidence that a common, single base-pair change in the secondary messenger gene GNbeta3 (i.e., a single-nucleotide polymorphism) may be important, perhaps through promoting abnormal perception of visceral pain in the esophagus.

  • Genetic Alliance. consumer health - Dyspepsia.
  • MedlinePlus Health Information. consumer health - GERD.
  • MedlinePlus Health Information. consumer health - Indigestion.
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  • (PMID = 19174788.001).
  • [ISSN] 1572-0241
  • [Journal-full-title] The American journal of gastroenterology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Am. J. Gastroenterol.
  • [Language] ENG
  • [Grant] United States / NIDDK NIH HHS / DK / U01 DK065713; United States / NIDDK NIH HHS / DK / U01 DK65713; United Kingdom / Cancer Research UK / /
  • [Publication-type] Comment; Editorial; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / G-protein beta3 subunit; EC 3.6.5.1 / Heterotrimeric GTP-Binding Proteins
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ NIHMS551572; NLM/ PMC3935284
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100. Fisher MM, Morgan JP, Krecek RC, Kelly PJ: Radiography for the diagnosis of spirocercosis in apparently healthy dogs, St. Kitts, West Indies. Vet Parasitol; 2009 Mar 23;160(3-4):337-9
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Radiography for the diagnosis of spirocercosis in apparently healthy dogs, St. Kitts, West Indies.
  • After oral administration of barium sulfate, barium retention or a tortuous esophagus was visible in all infected dogs (12/12; sensitivity 100%) and in one uninfected dog (1/38; specificity 97%).
  • [MeSH-minor] Animals. Diagnosis, Differential. Dogs. Feces / parasitology. Female. Male. Prospective Studies. Saint Kitts and Nevis / epidemiology. Sensitivity and Specificity

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  • (PMID = 19128882.001).
  • [ISSN] 0304-4017
  • [Journal-full-title] Veterinary parasitology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Vet. Parasitol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] Netherlands
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