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1. Chung SH, Park YS, Jo YJ, Kim SH, Jun DW, Son BK, Jung JY, Baek DH, Kim DH, Jung YY, Lee WM: Asymptomatic lymphangioma involving the spleen and retroperitoneum in adults. World J Gastroenterol; 2009 Nov 28;15(44):5620-3
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Asymptomatic lymphangioma involving the spleen and retroperitoneum in adults.
  • Lymphangioma, a benign neoplasm of the lymphatic system, is common in children but rare in adults.
  • We report a cystic lymphangioma of the spleen and retroperitoneum, which was incidentally found in a 56-year-old man who was hospitalized due to a colon mass.
  • Abdominal CT revealed a 5.7 cm, non-enhanced multilobulated cystic mass with multiple septa in the spleen and a 10 cm lobulated cystic mass in the paraaortic area.
  • The endothelium of splenic and retroperitoneal cyst was immunohistochemically stained with D2-40 antibody.
  • The patient was finally diagnosed with splenic cystic and retroperitoneal cavernous lymphangioma.
  • [MeSH-major] Lymphangioma / diagnosis. Retroperitoneal Neoplasms / diagnosis. Retroperitoneal Space / pathology. Spleen / pathology

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  • (PMID = 19938204.001).
  • [ISSN] 2219-2840
  • [Journal-full-title] World journal of gastroenterology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] World J. Gastroenterol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] China
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC2785067
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2. Park SE, Park NS, Chun JM, Park NW, Yang YJ, Yun GW, Lee HJ, Yun HJ, Jo DY, Song KS, Kim S: A case of recurrent solid pseudopapillary tumor of the pancreas with involvement of the spleen and kidney. Cancer Res Treat; 2006 Apr;38(2):118-20
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] A case of recurrent solid pseudopapillary tumor of the pancreas with involvement of the spleen and kidney.
  • Solid pseudopapillary tumor of the pancreas (SPTP) is a rare primary pancreatic tumor of an unknown etiology that is usually diagnosed in adolescent girls and young women.
  • Most SPTPs are considered to be benign and only rarely metastasize.
  • We report here on a 27-year old woman with recurrent SPTP with involvement of both the spleen and left kidney at the time of the initial diagnosis, and with aggressive behavior.
  • She underwent exploratory laparotomy with distal pancreatectomy, left nephrectomy and splenectomy, and was diagnosed with SPTP with invasion to both the spleen and left kidney.
  • In June 2001, she again presented with abdominal pain and was diagnosed as having recurrence of the tumor.
  • In November 2005, she presented once again with an abdominal mass and was diagnosed with recurred SPTP, which formed a huge intraperitoneal mass with peritoneal seeding and the tumor showed multiple metastases in the liver.

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  • (PMID = 19771270.001).
  • [ISSN] 1598-2998
  • [Journal-full-title] Cancer research and treatment : official journal of Korean Cancer Association
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Cancer Res Treat
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Korea (South)
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC2741664
  • [Keywords] NOTNLM ; Neoplasm metastasis / Pancreas / Solid pseudopapillary tumor
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3. Hartmann M, Marx A, Geissinger E, Müller-Hermelink HK, Rüdiger T: [Vascular proliferations of the spleen]. Pathologe; 2008 Mar;29(2):129-35
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  • [Title] [Vascular proliferations of the spleen].
  • Vascular proliferations of the spleen reflect the variability of vascular structures occurring in the normal spleen.
  • Besides haemangiomas, there is a spleen-specific vascular neoplasm, littoral cell angioma, that often occurs as a paraneoplastic lesion and thus may require the differential diagnostic delineation of metastases to the spleen in patients with known neoplasms.
  • The most common malignant vascular tumours of the spleen are angiosarcomas.
  • A recently described vascular lesion of unknown pathogenesis, sclerosing angiomatoid nodular transformation (SANT) of the spleen, usually is an incidental finding detected in the course of imaging studies.
  • [MeSH-major] Hemangioma / pathology. Hemangiosarcoma / pathology. Spleen / blood supply. Splenic Neoplasms / pathology
  • [MeSH-minor] Cell Transformation, Neoplastic / pathology. Diagnosis, Differential. Hamartoma / pathology. Histiocytoma, Benign Fibrous / pathology. Humans. Lymphangioma / pathology. Paraneoplastic Syndromes / pathology. Vascular Diseases / pathology

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  • (PMID = 18214485.001).
  • [ISSN] 1432-1963
  • [Journal-full-title] Der Pathologe
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Pathologe
  • [Language] ger
  • [Publication-type] English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Germany
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4. Sato M, Takasaka I, Okumura T, Shioyama Y, Asato Y, Yoshimi F, Imura J, Amemiya R: F-18 fluorodeoxyglucose accumulation in an inflammatory pseudotumor of the spleen. Ann Nucl Med; 2007 Nov;21(9):521-4
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] F-18 fluorodeoxyglucose accumulation in an inflammatory pseudotumor of the spleen.
  • We report on a case with an inflammatory pseudotumor of the spleen, which showed a moderate accumulation of F-18 fluorodeoxyglucose (FDG) in the tumor.
  • F-18 FDG accumulated mainly in the peripheral portion of this tumor that showed abundant hypercellular inflammatory cells histopathologically.
  • Splenic inflammatory pseudotumors should be recognized as F-18 FDG-avid benign tumors of the spleen.
  • [MeSH-major] Fluorodeoxyglucose F18 / pharmacokinetics. Granuloma, Plasma Cell / diagnosis. Granuloma, Plasma Cell / radionuclide imaging. Spleen / radionuclide imaging

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  • (PMID = 18030584.001).
  • [ISSN] 0914-7187
  • [Journal-full-title] Annals of nuclear medicine
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Ann Nucl Med
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Japan
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Radiopharmaceuticals; 0Z5B2CJX4D / Fluorodeoxyglucose F18
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5. Kang CM, Kim HG, Kim KS, Choi JS, Lee WJ, Kim BR: Laparoscopic distal pancreatectomy for solid pseudopapillary neoplasm of the pancreas-report of two cases. Hepatogastroenterology; 2007 Jun;54(76):1053-6
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Laparoscopic distal pancreatectomy for solid pseudopapillary neoplasm of the pancreas-report of two cases.
  • Solid pseudopapillary neoplasm of the pancreas is a rare pathologic entity.
  • We present two cases of laparoscopic distal pancreatectomy in female patients of incidentally found pancreatic solid pseudopapapillary neoplasm, with review of disease and technical aspect.
  • They underwent laparoscopic distal pancreatectomy with and without preservation of splenic vessels and spleen respectively.
  • This minimal invasive surgery can be safely applied to benign or low-grade malignant tumor of the pancreas especially in young and female patients.

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  • (PMID = 17629037.001).
  • [ISSN] 0172-6390
  • [Journal-full-title] Hepato-gastroenterology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Hepatogastroenterology
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Greece
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6. Rana N, Ming Z, Hui MS, Bin Y: Case Report: Littoral cell angioma of spleen. Indian J Radiol Imaging; 2009 Jul-Sep;19(3):210-2
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Case Report: Littoral cell angioma of spleen.
  • Littoral cell angioma is a rare primary vascular neoplasm of the spleen, composed of littoral cells that line the splenic sinuses of the red pulp.
  • It was thought to be a benign, incidental lesion.
  • The definitive diagnosis can only be made after histology and immunohistochemistry studies.

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  • (PMID = 19881088.001).
  • [ISSN] 1998-3808
  • [Journal-full-title] The Indian journal of radiology & imaging
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Indian J Radiol Imaging
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] India
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC2766879
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7. O'Malley DP, Kim YS, Perkins SL, Baldridge L, Juliar BE, Orazi A: Morphologic and immunohistochemical evaluation of splenic hematopoietic proliferations in neoplastic and benign disorders. Mod Pathol; 2005 Dec;18(12):1550-61
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Morphologic and immunohistochemical evaluation of splenic hematopoietic proliferations in neoplastic and benign disorders.
  • Spleen is a common site of extramedullary hematopoiesis.
  • Extramedullary hematopoiesis seen in non-neoplastic conditions can occasionally be extensive and raise concerns for a myeloid neoplasm.
  • We compared the morphologic and immunohistochemical features of splenic hematopoietic proliferations seen in neoplastic myeloid disorders (eg chronic myeloproliferative disorders, myelodysplastic/myeloproliferative disorders and acute myeloid leukemias) to extramedullary hematopoiesis seen in a variety of reactive conditions.
  • In all, 80 spleen specimens were reviewed.
  • Post-bone marrow transplant and thrombotic thrombocytopenic purpura/hemolytic-uremic syndrome spleens showed extramedullary hematopoiesis with some morphologic features of immaturity, which could simulate chronic myeloproliferative disorder.
  • [MeSH-major] Bone Marrow / pathology. Bone Marrow Neoplasms / pathology. Hematopoiesis, Extramedullary. Myeloproliferative Disorders / pathology. Spleen / pathology
  • [MeSH-minor] Adolescent. Adult. Aged. Aged, 80 and over. Biomarkers, Tumor / metabolism. Cell Proliferation. Child. Child, Preschool. Humans. Middle Aged

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  • (PMID = 16118626.001).
  • [ISSN] 0893-3952
  • [Journal-full-title] Modern pathology : an official journal of the United States and Canadian Academy of Pathology, Inc
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Mod. Pathol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Comparative Study; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Biomarkers, Tumor
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8. Colović R, Suvajdzić N, Grubor N, Colović N, Terzić T: Atypical immunophenotype in a littoral cell angioma. Vojnosanit Pregl; 2009 Jan;66(1):63-5
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • BACKGROUND: Littoral-cell angioma (LCA) is a recently described benign vascular tumor of the spleen, whose imaging and pathologic characteristics have been discussed only by a few authors.
  • The tumor is characterized by a mixture of papillary and cystic areas lined by neoplastic cells deriving from normal splenic lining--littoral cells.
  • The neoplastic LCA cells express both endothelial and histiocytic antigens associated with CD8 negativity, compared with the normal endothelium of the venous sinuses of the spleen red pulp that only expresses endothelial antigens and CD8 positivity.
  • CASE REPORT: We reported a 60-year-old male with moderate nodular splenomegaly with one large hypoechogenic solid lesion and mild thrombocytopenia in whom the diagnosis of LCA was made after the elective splenectomy.
  • Namely, histopathological and immunohistochemical data allowed a final diagnosis of classical LCA in spite of CD21 negativity.
  • CONCLUSION: Littoral-cell angioma is a very rare benign splenic neoplasm that should be considered in the differential diagnosis of multinodular splenomegaly, particularly if the patient has the signs of hypersplenism.
  • [MeSH-major] Hemangioma / pathology. Splenic Neoplasms / pathology

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  • (PMID = 19195267.001).
  • [ISSN] 0042-8450
  • [Journal-full-title] Vojnosanitetski pregled
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Vojnosanit Pregl
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] Serbia
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Antigens, CD; 0 / Antigens, Differentiation, Myelomonocytic; 0 / CD68 antigen, human
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9. Litster AL, Sorenmo KU: Characterisation of the signalment, clinical and survival characteristics of 41 cats with mast cell neoplasia. J Feline Med Surg; 2006 Jun;8(3):177-83
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Characterisation of the signalment, clinical and survival characteristics of 41 cats with mast cell neoplasia.
  • While the primary splenic form of the disease is far less common, it is usually associated with more severe clinical signs.
  • Signalment, clinical and survival characteristics of mast cell neoplasia were characterised in 41 cats.
  • The most common tumour location was cutaneous/subcutaneous head and trunk.
  • Stage 1a was the most common tumour stage at first diagnosis (n=20), followed by stage 4 (both stage 4a and stage 4b; n=10).
  • Of 22 cats that underwent excisional biopsy, mast cell neoplasia recurred in four cats during the study period.
  • Three of the 41 cats presented with simultaneous cutaneous and either splenic or lymph node tumours.
  • A comparison between cats with only cutaneous tumours (n=30) and those with tumours involving the spleen or lymph nodes (n=11) showed longer survival times for the cutaneous-only group (P=0.031).
  • Twelve of the 41 cats died of mast cell neoplasia during the study period.
  • When a subgroup of cats with only cutaneous tumours (no lymph node or visceral involvement) were divided according to whether there were multiple (five or more) tumours (n=6) or a single tumour (n=19), cats with single tumours survived longer than those with multiple tumours (P=0.001).
  • Solitary cutaneous feline MCTs without spread to the lymph nodes usually manifest as benign disease with a relatively protracted course.
  • However, multiple cutaneous tumours, recurrent tumours and primary splenic disease should receive a guarded prognosis due to the relatively short median survival times associated with these forms of the disease.
  • [MeSH-minor] Animals. Cats. Disease-Free Survival. Follow-Up Studies. Neoplasm Staging. Prognosis. Severity of Illness Index. Survival Analysis

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  • (PMID = 16476559.001).
  • [ISSN] 1098-612X
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of feline medicine and surgery
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Feline Med. Surg.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] England
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10. Melotti G, Cavallini A, Butturini G, Piccoli M, Delvecchio A, Salvi C, Pederzoli P: Laparoscopic distal pancreatectomy in children: case report and review of the literature. Ann Surg Oncol; 2007 Mar;14(3):1065-9
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • BACKGROUND: Laparoscopic resection of benign tumors of the pancreas has been reported in adults, but only four cases of partial laparoscopic pancreatectomy in children have been described in the English-language literature.
  • METHODS: We describe the case of an 11-year-old girl with a solid pseudopapillary tumor who was treated with a laparoscopic, spleen-preserving, distal pancreatectomy.
  • [MeSH-minor] Abdominal Pain / etiology. Biopsy. Child. Female. Humans. Neoplasm Seeding

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  • (PMID = 17206487.001).
  • [ISSN] 1068-9265
  • [Journal-full-title] Annals of surgical oncology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Ann. Surg. Oncol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] United States
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11. Colović N, Cemerikić-Martinović V, Micev M, Radak V, Colović R: [Hemangioma of the spleen]. Srp Arh Celok Lek; 2006 Jul-Aug;134(7-8):325-7
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] [Hemangioma of the spleen].
  • Although the most frequent benign tumors of the spleen, hemangiomas are very rare, much rarer than hemangiomas of the liver.
  • As the investigation showed a number of hypoechogenic lesions within the enlarged, diffusely non-homogenic spleen, splenectomy was indicated.
  • The spleen weighing 2600 grams was removed, in which the number of lesions histologically corresponded to hemangioma of the spleen.
  • [MeSH-minor] Aged. Female. Humans. Splenic Neoplasms / diagnosis. Splenic Neoplasms / pathology. Splenic Neoplasms / surgery

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  • (PMID = 17009613.001).
  • [ISSN] 0370-8179
  • [Journal-full-title] Srpski arhiv za celokupno lekarstvo
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Srp Arh Celok Lek
  • [Language] srp
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Serbia and Montenegro
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12. Ciancio G, Vaidya A, Shirodkar S, Manoharan M, Hakky T, Soloway M: En bloc mobilization of the pancreas and spleen to facilitate resection of large tumors, primarily renal and adrenal, in the left upper quadrant of the abdomen: techniques derived from multivisceral transplantation. Eur Urol; 2009 May;55(5):1106-11
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] En bloc mobilization of the pancreas and spleen to facilitate resection of large tumors, primarily renal and adrenal, in the left upper quadrant of the abdomen: techniques derived from multivisceral transplantation.
  • DESIGN, SETTING, AND PARTICIPANTS: From May 1999 to April 2006, 70 patients underwent en bloc mobilization of the spleen and the pancreas and, as necessary, the stomach for masses in the left upper retroperitoneum.
  • Pathology included malignant and benign lesions, including renal cell carcinoma (RCC) with or without inferior vena cava (IVC) involvement, adrenal tumors, retrocrural lymphadenopathy from testicular cancer, and transitional cell carcinoma of the renal pelvis.
  • SURGICAL PROCEDURE: An extended subcostal transabdominal approach was used to resect large tumors in the left upper abdomen.
  • MEASUREMENTS: Intraoperative variables, including operative time, blood loss, transfusion rate, and extent of mobilization were recorded.
  • CONCLUSIONS: Techniques acquired from organ harvesting as well as our experience at multivisceral transplant, such as en bloc mobilization of the spleen, pancreas, and stomach, can be utilized safely and effectively to gain excellent exposure to the left upper retroperitoneum via an extended subcostal incision with no additional morbidity for the patient.
  • [MeSH-minor] Abdominal Cavity / surgery. Adrenalectomy / methods. Adult. Aged. Aged, 80 and over. Blood Loss, Surgical. Carcinoma, Renal Cell / pathology. Carcinoma, Renal Cell / surgery. Carcinoma, Transitional Cell / pathology. Carcinoma, Transitional Cell / surgery. Cohort Studies. Female. Follow-Up Studies. Humans. Male. Middle Aged. Monitoring, Intraoperative / methods. Neoplasm Invasiveness / pathology. Neoplasm Staging. Nephrectomy / methods. Pancreas / anatomy & histology. Postoperative Complications / prevention & control. Retrospective Studies. Risk Assessment. Spleen / anatomy & histology. Stomach / anatomy & histology. Treatment Outcome. Tumor Burden. Vena Cava, Inferior. Young Adult


13. Collins BT, Phillips NJ, Hsueh EC: Fine needle aspiration biopsy of splenic hamartoma with bizarre stromal cells: a case report. Acta Cytol; 2008 May-Jun;52(3):347-50
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Fine needle aspiration biopsy of splenic hamartoma with bizarre stromal cells: a case report.
  • BACKGROUND: Splenic hamartoma is a rare benign "tumor" with disorganized red pulp tissue without white pulp elements.
  • Splenic hamartoma has only rarely been described cytologically; the bizarre stromal variant has not been reported.
  • CASE: A 64-year-old woman with history of low-grade malignant fibrous histiocytoma had an isolated, solitary lesion with fluorodeoxyglucose avidity in the spleen on positron emission tomography imaging, and computed tomography-guided fine needle aspiration biopsy was performed.
  • Malignant spindle cell neoplasm was favored.
  • After splenectomy, splenic hamartoma with bizarre stromal cells was diagnosed.
  • CONCLUSION: Splenic hamartoma with bizarre stromal cells is a challenging diagnosis cytologically.
  • In the spleen, it should be considered in the differential diagnosis of entities with bizarre large cells in a background of spindled elements.
  • [MeSH-major] Biopsy, Fine-Needle. Hamartoma / pathology. Splenic Diseases / pathology. Stromal Cells / pathology
  • [MeSH-minor] Biomarkers, Tumor / metabolism. Female. Humans. Middle Aged. Vimentin / metabolism

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  • (PMID = 18540303.001).
  • [ISSN] 0001-5547
  • [Journal-full-title] Acta cytologica
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Acta Cytol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Biomarkers, Tumor; 0 / Vimentin
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14. Yuan Y, Liu H, Sahin A, Dai JL: Reactivation of SYK expression by inhibition of DNA methylation suppresses breast cancer cell invasiveness. Int J Cancer; 2005 Feb 10;113(4):654-9
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  • The gene product of spleen tyrosine kinase (SYK) has been implicated in the suppression of breast cancer invasion.
  • SYK promoter hypermethylation was found infrequent in pathologically normal mammary tissues or benign lesions (<5%).
  • [MeSH-major] Azacitidine / analogs & derivatives. Breast Neoplasms / prevention & control. DNA Methylation. Enzyme Precursors / antagonists & inhibitors. Enzyme Precursors / genetics. Gene Expression Regulation, Neoplastic. Neoplasm Invasiveness / prevention & control. Protein-Tyrosine Kinases / antagonists & inhibitors. Protein-Tyrosine Kinases / genetics

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  • (PMID = 15455373.001).
  • [ISSN] 0020-7136
  • [Journal-full-title] International journal of cancer
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Int. J. Cancer
  • [Language] eng
  • [Grant] United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / R01CA100278
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Antimetabolites, Antineoplastic; 0 / Enzyme Precursors; 0 / Intracellular Signaling Peptides and Proteins; 0 / Stilbenes; 4339-71-3 / 3,3',4,5'-tetrahydroxystilbene; 776B62CQ27 / decitabine; EC 2.1.1.- / DNA Modification Methylases; EC 2.7.10.1 / Protein-Tyrosine Kinases; EC 2.7.10.1 / Syk kinase; M801H13NRU / Azacitidine
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15. Pugliese R, Maggioni D, Sansonna F, Scandroglio I, Forgione A, Boniardi M, Costanzi A, Citterio D, Ferrari GC, Lernia SD, Magistro C: Laparoscopic distal pancreatectomy: a retrospective review of 14 cases. Surg Laparosc Endosc Percutan Tech; 2008 Jun;18(3):254-9
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  • Although the role of minimally invasive techniques in pancreatic surgery remains controversial, resection of the left pancreas for benign or endocrine lesions has been universally adopted as a routine technique over the last few years.
  • This study was undertaken to assess feasibility and safety of minimal access resections of distal pancreas in benign, endocrine, and malignant diseases.
  • Operative time, conversion rate, adequacy of dissection, respect for oncologic principles, morbidity rate, and short-term outcomes were analyzed.
  • From the years 2002 to 2007, 14 patients affected by pancreatic neoplasm of body/tail region were approached by minimally invasive technique.
  • Five patients were affected by endocrine neoplasms; distal pancreatectomy with preservation of spleen and splenic vessels was achieved laparoscopically in 3, whereas 2 needed conversion to laparotomy.

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  • (PMID = 18574411.001).
  • [ISSN] 1530-4515
  • [Journal-full-title] Surgical laparoscopy, endoscopy & percutaneous techniques
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Surg Laparosc Endosc Percutan Tech
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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16. Hu X, Tian DY, Cao L, Yu Y: Progression and prognosis of gastric stump cancer. J Surg Oncol; 2009 Nov 1;100(6):472-6
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  • The aim of this study is to determine the clinicopathologic feature and the differences of surgical outcome between GSC after partial gastrectomy for benign diseases (GSC-B) and GSC after partial gastrectomy for malignant tumors (GSC-M).
  • Clinicopathologic parameters, the 5-year survival rate after operation and prognostic factors, were analyzed retrospectively.
  • No difference was found between patients with GSC-B and patients with GSC-M in terms of histologic type, tumor location, and distribution of tumor stage.
  • [MeSH-minor] Aged. Carcinoma / mortality. Carcinoma / pathology. Carcinoma / surgery. Case-Control Studies. Colon / pathology. Female. Gastrectomy / methods. Humans. Lymphatic Metastasis. Male. Middle Aged. Neoplasm Invasiveness. Pancreas / pathology. Prognosis. Retrospective Studies. Spleen / pathology. Survival Rate

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  • [ErratumIn] J Surg Oncol. 2009 Nov 1;100(6):523. Yi, Yu [corrected to Yu, Yi]
  • (PMID = 19697396.001).
  • [ISSN] 1096-9098
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of surgical oncology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Surg Oncol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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17. Shintaku M, Arimoto A, Sakita N: Serous cystadenocarcinoma of the pancreas. Pathol Int; 2005 Jul;55(7):436-9
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  • The tumor extensively involved the body and tail of the pancreas and contiguously invaded the spleen.
  • The histopathology of the tumor was similar to that of serous cystadenoma, but mild nuclear hyperchromatism and atypism were noted, and the neoplastic invasion of nerve fibers in the stroma was observed.
  • In the spleen neoplastic cells forming microcysts were diffusely insinuated in the red pulp without the fibrous stroma.
  • The present case is the second example of this kind of neoplasm that showed direct splenic invasion.
  • Because serous cystadenocarcinoma of the pancreas exhibits bland cytological features, diligent search for the invasion of the surrounding tissue or peripheral nerves is needed for the differentiation from its benign counterpart.
  • [MeSH-minor] Aged. Aged, 80 and over. CA-125 Antigen / analysis. CA-19-9 Antigen. Carcinoembryonic Antigen / analysis. Humans. Immunohistochemistry. Matrix Metalloproteinase 1 / analysis. Tumor Suppressor Protein p53 / analysis

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  • (PMID = 15982220.001).
  • [ISSN] 1320-5463
  • [Journal-full-title] Pathology international
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Pathol. Int.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Australia
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / CA-125 Antigen; 0 / CA-19-9 Antigen; 0 / Carcinoembryonic Antigen; 0 / Tumor Suppressor Protein p53; EC 3.4.24.7 / Matrix Metalloproteinase 1
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18. Ivancić M, Long F, Seiler GS: Contrast harmonic ultrasonography of splenic masses and associated liver nodules in dogs. J Am Vet Med Assoc; 2009 Jan 1;234(1):88-94
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  • [Title] Contrast harmonic ultrasonography of splenic masses and associated liver nodules in dogs.
  • OBJECTIVE: To determine whether contrast harmonic ultrasonography (CHUS) can be used in dogs to distinguish splenic hemangiosarcoma from hematoma and to accurately detect and characterize liver nodules.
  • ANIMALS: 20 dogs with a splenic mass.
  • PROCEDURES: Routine abdominal ultrasonography was followed by CHUS of hepatic and splenic lesions.
  • Quantitative evaluation included peak mean pixel intensity, interval to peak intensity, area under the curve (spleen), and liver-to-lesion intensity ratio (liver).
  • RESULTS: Histologic evaluation of the spleen was performed in 19 dogs, resulting in diagnoses of hemangiosarcoma (n=11), hematoma (7), and undifferentiated sarcoma (1).
  • Benign and malignant processes in the spleen were indistinguishable via CHUS.
  • Histologic evaluation of the liver was performed in 18 dogs, resulting in a diagnosis of hemangiosarcoma in 5 dogs.
  • None of the dogs with splenic hematomas had evidence of hepatic lesions by means of conventional or contrast ultrasonography, and none had histologic evidence of liver metastases.
  • In 3 of 18 dogs, isoenhancing liver nodules were detected and all were histologically benign.
  • CONCLUSIONS AND CLINICAL RELEVANCE: Contrast harmonic ultrasonography was a noninvasive and accurate means of differentiating metastatic versus benign hepatic disease in dogs with splenic hemangiosarcoma but was not useful in distinguishing splenic hemangiosarcoma from hematoma.
  • [MeSH-major] Dog Diseases / ultrasonography. Hemangiosarcoma / veterinary. Hematoma / veterinary. Liver Neoplasms / veterinary. Splenic Neoplasms / veterinary. Ultrasonography / veterinary
  • [MeSH-minor] Animals. Contrast Media. Cross-Sectional Studies. Diagnosis, Differential. Dogs. Female. Male. Neoplasm Metastasis. Sensitivity and Specificity. Splenic Diseases / pathology. Splenic Diseases / ultrasonography. Splenic Diseases / veterinary

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  • (PMID = 19119970.001).
  • [ISSN] 0003-1488
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Am. Vet. Med. Assoc.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Contrast Media
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19. Kang CM, Yang WI, Lee YH, Choi GH, Lee SW, Kim KS, Choi JS, Lee WJ, Kim BR: A case of spleen-preserving laparoscopic distal pancreatectomy and concomitant cholecystectomy in male patient with solid pseudopapillary neoplasm of the pancreas and gallstone. J Laparoendosc Adv Surg Tech A; 2008 Apr;18(2):259-65
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  • [Title] A case of spleen-preserving laparoscopic distal pancreatectomy and concomitant cholecystectomy in male patient with solid pseudopapillary neoplasm of the pancreas and gallstone.
  • Solid pseudopapillary neoplasm is a rare pathologic condition in the pancreas.
  • The origin of this tumor and characteristic biologic behavior are still under investigation.
  • Especially, laparoscopic distal pancreatectomy is regarded as an appropriate treatment option for benign or borderline malignant pancreatic lesions.
  • In addition, the frequency of spleen-preserving laparoscopic distal pancreatectomy has been increasing owing to embossing the value of the spleen in terms of its immunologic aspects.
  • In this paper, we present a case of a 39-year-old male patient with solid pseudopapillary with (SPN) and a gallstone who successfully underwent laparoscopic distal pancreatectomy with preservation of the spleen, as well as a simultaneous cholecystectomy for the gallstone.
  • To our knowledge, this case may be the first report of the spleen preserving distal pancreatectomy in an adult male patient with SPN.

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  • (PMID = 18373453.001).
  • [ISSN] 1092-6429
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of laparoendoscopic & advanced surgical techniques. Part A
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Laparoendosc Adv Surg Tech A
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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20. Chen HW, Lai EC, Huang XJ, Chen FN, Lu RL, Pan AZ, Lau WY: Inflammatory myofibroblastic tumours of the spleen and liver. Asian J Surg; 2008 Jan;31(1):25-8
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  • [Title] Inflammatory myofibroblastic tumours of the spleen and liver.
  • Inflammatory myofibroblastic tumour (IMT) is a rare neoplasm.
  • Generally, these lesions have a benign behaviour, but the possibility of malignant transformation exists.
  • We report the rare case of a 43-year-old woman with metachronous IMTs in the spleen and the liver.
  • This case emphasizes the difficulties in diagnosis and the possibility of a metachronous occurrence.

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  • (PMID = 18334466.001).
  • [ISSN] 1015-9584
  • [Journal-full-title] Asian journal of surgery
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Asian J Surg
  • [Language] ENG
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] China
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21. Berman E, Ikpatt F, Wang D, Dembner A, Zauber NP: Rapid progression of littoral cell angioma of the spleen in a man with multiple infections. Rare Tumors; 2010;2(1):e17
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  • [Title] Rapid progression of littoral cell angioma of the spleen in a man with multiple infections.
  • Littoral cell angioma is an uncommon primary vascular neoplasm of the spleen.
  • It frequently follows a benign course, but cases with aggressive behavior have been described.
  • We present a case of this rare disease highlighting radiological examinations showing a rapid increase in the size of the spleen as well as an increase in the number and size of existing nodules.
  • We also discuss the relationship of this disorder to chronic infections and its possible association with Epstein Barr virus.

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  • (PMID = 21139945.001).
  • [ISSN] 2036-3613
  • [Journal-full-title] Rare tumors
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Rare Tumors
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Italy
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC2994494
  • [Keywords] NOTNLM ; infections / littoral cell angioma / spleen
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22. Fiorucci F, Conti V, Lucantoni G, Patrizi A, Fiorucci C, Giannunzio G, Di Michele L: Sarcoidosis of the breast: a rare case report and a review. Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci; 2006 Mar-Apr;10(2):47-50
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  • Sarcoidosis is an idiopathic systemic inflammatory granulomatous disorder comprised of epithelioid and multinucleated giant cells with little necrosis.
  • It usually invades the lungs with fibrosis and may also involve lymph nodes, skin, liver, spleen, eyes, phalangeal bones, and parotid glands.
  • Breast involvement is extremely rare, but, when present, it could be confused with a benign or, more important, a malignant neoplasm.
  • A chest X-ray and a Computed Tomography (CT), with raised serum levels of Angiotensin Converting Enzyme (ACE), were compatible with a diagnosis of sarcoidosis.
  • [MeSH-major] Breast Diseases / diagnosis. Sarcoidosis / diagnosis
  • [MeSH-minor] Biopsy. Diagnosis, Differential. Female. Humans. Mammography. Middle Aged. Tomography, X-Ray Computed. Ultrasonography, Mammary

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  • (PMID = 16705947.001).
  • [ISSN] 1128-3602
  • [Journal-full-title] European review for medical and pharmacological sciences
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] Italy
  • [Number-of-references] 6
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23. Hori S, Nara S, Shimada K, Ojima H, Kanai Y, Hiraoka N: Serous cystic neoplasm in an intrapancreatic accessory spleen. Pathol Int; 2010 Oct;60(10):681-4
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  • [Title] Serous cystic neoplasm in an intrapancreatic accessory spleen.
  • Serous cystic neoplasm (SCN) of the pancreas is a benign epithelial neoplasm, except in extremely rare malignant cases.
  • Here we present the first reported case of SCN in an intrapancreatic accessory spleen (IPAS).
  • Pathologically the 25-mm solid mass was an IPAS showing proliferation of clear cuboidal tumor cells without atypia, forming numerous small cysts.
  • The tumor cells were rich in cytoplasmic glycogen and distributed in the splenic tissue almost diffusely.
  • Immunohistochemically, tumor cells were positive for cytokeratins, MUC6, and neuron-specific enolase, and negative for neuroendocrine markers.
  • This tumor is suggested to develop as a VHL-associated SCN from coexisting pancreatic tissue in IPAS rather than as a metastatic tumor.
  • [MeSH-major] Choristoma / pathology. Cystadenoma, Serous / pathology. Pancreatic Diseases / pathology. Spleen. von Hippel-Lindau Disease / pathology

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  • [Copyright] © 2010 The Authors. Pathology International © 2010 Japanese Society of Pathology and Blackwell Publishing Asia Pty Ltd.
  • [ErratumIn] Pathol Int. 2010 Dec;60(12):798
  • (PMID = 20846266.001).
  • [ISSN] 1440-1827
  • [Journal-full-title] Pathology international
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Pathol. Int.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] Australia
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24. Ichimura T, Kondo S, Okamura K, Tanaka E, Hirano S: Total parenchymal pancreatectomy preserving the duodenum, choledochus and spleen for widespread intraductal papillary mucinous neoplasm: report of a case. Hepatogastroenterology; 2010 Jan-Feb;57(97):8-11
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  • [Title] Total parenchymal pancreatectomy preserving the duodenum, choledochus and spleen for widespread intraductal papillary mucinous neoplasm: report of a case.
  • For patients with benign or low malignant diseases of the pancreas, several organ-preserving surgical techniques of pancreatectomy have been presented for localized lesions.
  • We herein report a patient with widespread intraductal papillary mucinous neoplasm treated successfully with total parenchymal pancreatectomy.
  • A 73-year-old man was diagnosed as main duct intraductal papillary mucinous neoplasm.
  • A papillary tumor was located in the body of the pancreas, and intraepithelial spreading reached almost the end of the pancreas tail and nearly over the midpoint of the pancreas head.
  • We performed total parenchymal pancreatectomy, an initial surgical procedure in which almost all parenchyma of the pancreas was resected but the duodenum, the common bile duct and the spleen were preserved and no reconstruction was needed.
  • [MeSH-minor] Aged. Common Bile Duct. Duodenum. Humans. Male. Spleen

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  • (PMID = 20422863.001).
  • [ISSN] 0172-6390
  • [Journal-full-title] Hepato-gastroenterology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Hepatogastroenterology
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Greece
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25. Eom BW, Yoon H, Han SS, Ryu KW, Lee JH, Kim SH, Lee KW, Park SJ, Kim YW: Laparoscopy-assisted distal gastrectomy combined with laparoscopic spleen-preserving distal pancreatectomy for the treatment of early gastric cancer with pancreatic cystic neoplasm. J Laparoendosc Adv Surg Tech A; 2010 Sep;20(7):643-7
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  • [Title] Laparoscopy-assisted distal gastrectomy combined with laparoscopic spleen-preserving distal pancreatectomy for the treatment of early gastric cancer with pancreatic cystic neoplasm.
  • The use of laparoscopy-assisted distal gastrectomy (LADG) for early gastric cancer (EGC) and laparoscopic distal pancreatectomy (LDP) for lesions of benign or borderline malignancy have gained worldwide acceptance because they are viewed as safe and feasible.
  • A 59-year-old man was diagnosed with EGC and intraductal papillary mucinous neoplasm (IPMN) simultaneously during cancer screening.
  • LADG combined with spleen-preserving LDP was performed safely.
  • LADG combined with spleen-preserving LDP for EGC and IPMN was found to be feasible and less invasive than open surgery.


26. Morawska A, Wiatr M, Składzień J: [Ways of treatment of non-malignant laryngeal tumors in older patients--laryngeal amyloidosis]. Otolaryngol Pol; 2008;62(2):141-4
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  • [Title] [Ways of treatment of non-malignant laryngeal tumors in older patients--laryngeal amyloidosis].
  • Amyloid deposits are localized mainly in the tissues of parenchymal origin (spleen, kidneys, liver) and as far as otorhinolaryngologic organs are concerned the primary pathological process is rare.
  • MATERIAL AND METHODS: A 82-year-old patient with a tumor of the larynx hospitalized in Otorhinolaryngology Clinic in Cracow.
  • The first symptom of the pathologic process in this patient was an increasing laryngeal dyspnoe and the preliminary macroscopic assessment based on indirect laryngoscopy and endoscopy suggested the proliferative process from the group of non-epithelial neoplasm.
  • Isolated changes in larynx suggesting malign neoplasm are the benign changes but on account of the specificity of the organ they can be a real threat to life.
  • [MeSH-major] Amyloidosis / diagnosis. Amyloidosis / surgery. Laryngeal Diseases / diagnosis. Laryngeal Diseases / surgery. Tracheostomy / methods

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  • (PMID = 18637436.001).
  • [ISSN] 0030-6657
  • [Journal-full-title] Otolaryngologia polska = The Polish otolaryngology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Otolaryngol Pol
  • [Language] pol
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Poland
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27. Bamboat ZM, Masiakos PT: Sclerosing angiomatoid nodular transformation of the spleen in an adolescent with chronic abdominal pain. J Pediatr Surg; 2010 Jul;45(7):E13-6
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  • [Title] Sclerosing angiomatoid nodular transformation of the spleen in an adolescent with chronic abdominal pain.
  • Sclerosing angiomatoid nodular transformation (SANT) is a relatively new, benign neoplasm arising within the red pulp of the spleen.
  • The lesion is often identified incidentally on imaging, and the diagnosis is confirmed on pathologic assessment of the resected spleen.
  • [MeSH-major] Abdominal Pain / etiology. Neoplasms, Vascular Tissue / pathology. Splenic Neoplasms / pathology

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  • [Copyright] Copyright 2010 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
  • (PMID = 20638509.001).
  • [ISSN] 1531-5037
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of pediatric surgery
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Pediatr. Surg.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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28. Wang YJ, Li F, Cao F, Sun JB, Liu JF, Wang YH: Littoral cell angioma of the spleen. Asian J Surg; 2009 Jul;32(3):167-71
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  • [Title] Littoral cell angioma of the spleen.
  • Littoral cell angioma (LCA) is a rare primary benign vascular neoplasm of the spleen.
  • Computed tomography (CT) and ultrasound (US) imaging studies showed multiple lesions in the spleen and gallbladder stones.
  • The tumour was removed successfully by laparoscopic splenectomy and simultaneously cholecystectomy was conducted for gallbladder stones.
  • The tumour lining cells were positive for CD31/CD68 markers, and negative for CD34.

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  • (PMID = 19656757.001).
  • [ISSN] 0219-3108
  • [Journal-full-title] Asian journal of surgery
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Asian J Surg
  • [Language] ENG
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] China
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29. Lin CH, Yu JC, Shih ML, Peng YJ, Hsieh CB: Littoral cell angioma of the spleen in a patient with hepatocellular carcinoma. J Formos Med Assoc; 2005 Apr;104(4):282-5
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  • [Title] Littoral cell angioma of the spleen in a patient with hepatocellular carcinoma.
  • Littoral cell angioma (LCA) is a rare primitive vascular tumor of the spleen which is benign and usually associated with visceral malignancy.
  • The diagnosis of LCA is based on histologic and immunohistologic analysis.
  • Dynamic computed tomography studies showed splenomegaly (20 cm in long axis) with a hypodense tumor in the upper pole and a contrast-enhanced hepatic mass in the right lobe of the liver.
  • Under the impression of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) and splenic tumor, partial hepatectomy and splenectomy were performed.
  • Histopathology showed a moderately differentiated HCC of the liver and splenic angioma with dilated vascular channels lined by plump endothelial cells.
  • Immunohistochemical staining of the splenic tumor showed focal positive reaction for factor VIII and CD68.
  • LCA of the spleen was diagnosed.

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  • (PMID = 15909068.001).
  • [ISSN] 0929-6646
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of the Formosan Medical Association = Taiwan yi zhi
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Formos. Med. Assoc.
  • [Language] ENG
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Singapore
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30. Hutchinson CB, Canlas K, Evans JA, Obando JV, Waugh M: Endoscopic ultrasound-guided fine needle aspiration biopsy of the intrapancreatic accessory spleen: a report of 2 cases. Acta Cytol; 2010 May-Jun;54(3):337-40
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  • [Title] Endoscopic ultrasound-guided fine needle aspiration biopsy of the intrapancreatic accessory spleen: a report of 2 cases.
  • BACKGROUND: Intrapancreatic accessory spleen (IPAS) can pose a challenge in the diagnostic workup by mimicking a pancreatic neoplasm.
  • Reports of IPAS identified by endoscopic ultrasound (EUS)-guided fine needle aspiration (FNA) are scant in the literature, and increased recognition of this benign entity may reduce misdiagnosis and unnecessary surgical intervention.
  • In both cases, the cytomorphologic appearance of smears and cell blocks demonstrated aggregates of benign splenic tissue characteristic of both white and red pulp.
  • One cell block demonstrated benign splenic and pancreatic parenchyma immediately adjacent to one another without an apparent intervening capsule.
  • Definitive tissue diagnosis in these 2 cases avoided not only unnecessary surgical intervention but also the need for consideration of a "watch and wait" strategy with further imaging and possible additional biopsy attempts.
  • [MeSH-major] Choristoma / diagnosis. Pancreatic Diseases / diagnosis. Spleen
  • [MeSH-minor] Adenocarcinoma / diagnosis. Antigens, CD / metabolism. Biomarkers / metabolism. Biopsy, Fine-Needle. Diagnosis, Differential. Endocrine Gland Neoplasms / diagnosis. Endosonography. Female. Humans. Male. Middle Aged. Pancreatic Neoplasms / diagnosis

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  • (PMID = 20518423.001).
  • [ISSN] 0001-5547
  • [Journal-full-title] Acta cytologica
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Acta Cytol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Antigens, CD; 0 / Biomarkers
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31. Moon JH, Hong SP, Park PW, Ko KH, Hwang SG, Rim KS, An HJ, Kang MS: [A case of hemophagocytic syndrome with terminal ileal ulcerations]. Korean J Gastroenterol; 2006 Sep;48(3):205-9
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  • Reactive hemophagocytic syndrome or hemophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis, is characterized by the proliferation of benign histiocytes showing phagocytosis of blood cells in hematopoietic organs including bone marrow, spleen, or lymph nodes, accompanied by fever, hepatosplenomegaly, hepatic dysfunction, pancytopenia, and hypertriglyceridemia.
  • It is often associated with infection, malignant neoplasm, autoimmune disease, drugs and various immunodeficiencies.
  • [MeSH-major] Ileal Diseases / diagnosis. Lymphohistiocytosis, Hemophagocytic / diagnosis. Ulcer / diagnosis

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  • (PMID = 17047437.001).
  • [ISSN] 1598-9992
  • [Journal-full-title] The Korean journal of gastroenterology = Taehan Sohwagi Hakhoe chi
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Korean J Gastroenterol
  • [Language] kor
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Korea (South)
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32. Ruiz-Molina JM, Ochoa-Sánchez EP, López-Basave HN, Barrera-Franco JL, Crocifoglio-Vincenzo A, Medina-Castro JM: [Open splenectomy: ten-year experience in an oncological referral center]. Cir Cir; 2007 May-Jun;75(3):163-8
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  • [Transliterated title] Esplenectomía a cielo abierto. Experiencia de 10 años en un centro oncológico.
  • We undertook this study to evaluate open splenectomy morbidity and mortality at the Instituto Nacional de Cancerologia in Mexico City.
  • METHODS: We reviewed the clinical files of patients with benign and malignant hematological diseases, as well as other diseases, who underwent splenectomy from 1994 to 2005.
  • Average surgical time was 125 min, bleeding 485 ml, spleen weight 1553.6 g and mean size 15 x 11 x 12 cm.
  • During an average 81-month follow-up we found 14 patients (56%) asymptomatic, two patients (8%) with documented tumoral activity (angiosarcoma and non-Hodgkin's lymphoma) and one patient (4%) developed a second neoplasm.
  • CONCLUSIONS: With a spleen >1500 g, open surgery offers better visibility and, in fact, less morbidity and mortality.
  • [MeSH-major] Hematologic Diseases / surgery. Splenectomy / methods. Splenic Diseases / surgery

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  • (PMID = 17659166.001).
  • [ISSN] 0009-7411
  • [Journal-full-title] Cirugía y cirujanos
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Cir Cir
  • [Language] spa
  • [Publication-type] English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Mexico
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33. Guo KJ, Song SW, Zhao MF, Ge CL, Xu YH, Ma G, Meng FB, Guo RX, Tian YL: [Indications, technique and efficacy of organ preserving pancreatectomy]. Zhonghua Wai Ke Za Zhi; 2010 Sep 15;48(18):1375-8
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  • OBJECTIVE: To discuss the proper surgical management of pancreatic benign and low-grade malignant potential neoplasm.
  • There were 9 cases underwent duodenum-preserving resection of the head of the pancreas, 29 cases underwent spleen-preserving distal pancreatectomy, 11 cases underwent middle segmental pancreatectomy, 23 cases underwent tumor extirpation of huge pancreatic cancer in pancreatic head and body.
  • Pancreatic fistula was found in 3 cases who accepted spleen-preserving distal pancreatectomy.
  • Pancreatic fistula was found in 5 cases among who accepted tumor extirpation of huge pancreatic cancer in pancreatic head and body, and liver metastasis was found in 3 cases at 6, 12, 16 months after surgery respectively.
  • CONCLUSIONS: Organ preserving pancreatectomy can obviously reduce operative injury to patients, its therapeutic effect is similar to that of classical operation, it is the first option of benign and low-grade malignant potential neoplasm.

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  • (PMID = 21092570.001).
  • [ISSN] 0529-5815
  • [Journal-full-title] Zhonghua wai ke za zhi [Chinese journal of surgery]
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Zhonghua Wai Ke Za Zhi
  • [Language] chi
  • [Publication-type] English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] China
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34. Buck AK, Bommer M, Juweid ME, Glatting G, Stilgenbauer S, Mottaghy FM, Schulz M, Kull T, Bunjes D, Möller P, Döhner H, Reske SN: First demonstration of leukemia imaging with the proliferation marker 18F-fluorodeoxythymidine. J Nucl Med; 2008 Nov;49(11):1756-62
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  • Acute myeloid leukemia (AML) is a neoplasm of hematopoietic stem cells with partial or complete loss of the ability to differentiate but with preserved proliferation capacity.
  • Standardized uptake values were calculated for reference segments of bone marrow, spleen, and normal organs.
  • 18F-FLT PET in 10 patients with benign pulmonary nodules and the absence of malignant or inflammatory disease served as controls.
  • RESULTS: Retention of 18F-FLT was observed predominantly in bone marrow and spleen and was significantly higher in AML patients than in controls (mean 18F-FLT SUV in bone marrow, 11.5 and 6.6, P < 0.05; mean 18F-FLT SUV in spleen, 6.1 and 1.8, P < 0.05).

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  • (PMID = 18927328.001).
  • [ISSN] 0161-5505
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of nuclear medicine : official publication, Society of Nuclear Medicine
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Nucl. Med.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Clinical Trial; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Dideoxynucleosides; PG53R0DWDQ / alovudine
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35. Valette F, Querellou S, Oudoux A, Carlier T, Dupas B, Chatal JF, Couturier O: Comparison of positron emission tomography and lymphangiography in the diagnosis of infradiaphragmatic Hodgkin's disease. Acta Radiol; 2007 Feb;48(1):59-63
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  • [Title] Comparison of positron emission tomography and lymphangiography in the diagnosis of infradiaphragmatic Hodgkin's disease.
  • In two of the 24 negative patients, PET showed additional lesions in the spleen and one celiac lymph node (one patient), and in the right kidney and the right iliac crest (one patient).
  • In the other, PET was falsely positive (PET done within 24 hours after a negative LAG), which was confirmed by biopsy (benign inflammatory, probably due to LAG medium).
  • [MeSH-major] Hodgkin Disease / diagnosis. Neoplasm Staging / methods. Positron-Emission Tomography / methods
  • [MeSH-minor] Adolescent. Adult. Diaphragm / radiography. Diaphragm / radionuclide imaging. Female. Fluorodeoxyglucose F18. Humans. Kidney / radionuclide imaging. Lymph Nodes / radionuclide imaging. Lymphography / methods. Male. Middle Aged. Radiopharmaceuticals. Reproducibility of Results. Retrospective Studies. Spleen / radionuclide imaging

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  • (PMID = 17325926.001).
  • [ISSN] 0284-1851
  • [Journal-full-title] Acta radiologica (Stockholm, Sweden : 1987)
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Acta Radiol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Comparative Study; Evaluation Studies; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Sweden
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Radiopharmaceuticals; 0Z5B2CJX4D / Fluorodeoxyglucose F18
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36. Cordobès J, Molina FX, Alvarez-Segurado C, Pagán A, Salinas R, García-Sanz M, Soro JA: [Giant epidermoid splenic cyst]. Cir Esp; 2005 Jul;78(1):55-7
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  • [Title] [Giant epidermoid splenic cyst].
  • Giant epidermoid splenic cysts are rare benign tumors.
  • We report the case of a young woman with a giant epidermoid cyst, which required open total splenectomy, and review the literature on benign congenital tumors of the spleen.
  • [MeSH-major] Epidermal Cyst / surgery. Splenic Diseases / surgery
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Female. Humans. Neoplasm Staging. Splenectomy. Tomography, X-Ray Computed

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  • (PMID = 16420793.001).
  • [ISSN] 0009-739X
  • [Journal-full-title] Cirugía española
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Cir Esp
  • [Language] spa
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Spain
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37. Xing BC, Sun Y, Bao Q, Qian HG, Hao CY, Huang XF, Wang Y, Gu J, Ji JF: [Spleen-preserving distal pancreatectomy in treatment of solid-pseudopapillary neoplasm]. Zhonghua Yi Xue Za Zhi; 2006 Mar 14;86(10):690-2
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  • [Title] [Spleen-preserving distal pancreatectomy in treatment of solid-pseudopapillary neoplasm].
  • OBJECTIVE: To investigate the feasibility and safety of spleen-preserving distal pancreatectomy with conservation of the splenic arteries and veins in treatment of benign neoplasms of distal pancreas.
  • METHODS: Four patients with solid-pseudopapillary neoplasm, 1 males and 3 females, aged 30 (17 - 37), underwent laparotomy.
  • The distal pancreas with tumor was cut.
  • The perforating branches between the splenic artery and vein and the distal pancreas were isolated, ligated, and cut.
  • The splenic artery and vein and the short and left gastric vessels were all preserved.
  • The spleen remained intact.
  • CONCLUSION: Safe and feasible, spleen-preserving distal pancreatectomy with conservation of the splenic arteries and veins is one of the best choices for treatment of benign and borderline tumors of pancreas.
  • [MeSH-minor] Adolescent. Adult. Feasibility Studies. Female. Follow-Up Studies. Humans. Male. Spleen / blood supply. Spleen / surgery. Splenic Artery / surgery. Splenic Vein / surgery. Treatment Outcome

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  • (PMID = 16681929.001).
  • [ISSN] 0376-2491
  • [Journal-full-title] Zhonghua yi xue za zhi
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Zhonghua Yi Xue Za Zhi
  • [Language] chi
  • [Publication-type] English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] China
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38. Sahm M, Pross M, Schubert D, Lippert H: Laparoscopic distal pancreatic resection: our own experience in the treatment of solid tumors. Surg Today; 2009;39(12):1103-8
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  • [Title] Laparoscopic distal pancreatic resection: our own experience in the treatment of solid tumors.
  • A laparoscopic resection is a new treatment for pancreatic tumors.
  • Articles by surgeons who are writing about their first experience in carrying out this treatment have appeared in the literature, reporting that laparoscopic surgery can be used for the treatment of pancreatitis, benign lesions, and solid tumors.
  • This is a study of three patients with pancreatic tumors who were treated by means of a laparoscopic distal pancreatic resection with preservation of the spleen and splenic vessels.
  • In three cases a laparoscopic distal resection was performed for the tumor.
  • A laparoscopic resection of the distal pancreas is a new alternative for the treatment of pancreatic tumors.
  • [MeSH-minor] Biopsy, Needle. Female. Follow-Up Studies. Hemostasis, Surgical / methods. Humans. Immunohistochemistry. Magnetic Resonance Imaging. Male. Middle Aged. Minimally Invasive Surgical Procedures / methods. Neoplasm Invasiveness / pathology. Neoplasm Staging. Risk Assessment. Sampling Studies. Tomography, X-Ray Computed. Treatment Outcome. Ultrasonography, Doppler

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  • (PMID = 19997811.001).
  • [ISSN] 1436-2813
  • [Journal-full-title] Surgery today
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39. Valbuena JR, Levenback C, Mansfield P, Liu J: Angiosarcoma of the spleen clinically presenting as metastatic ovarian cancer. A case report and review of the literature. Ann Diagn Pathol; 2005 Oct;9(5):289-92
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  • [Title] Angiosarcoma of the spleen clinically presenting as metastatic ovarian cancer. A case report and review of the literature.
  • Primary angiosarcomas of the spleen are rare and almost always fatal.
  • The mean age of patients at presentation is 59 years and the major clinical findings include abdominal pain, splenic rupture, and splenomegaly.
  • Grossly, this neoplasm appears as hemorrhagic and/or cystic nodules, with a low-density signal seen on computed tomographic scans.
  • Histologically, the tumor is characterized by neoplastic proliferation with diffuse or focal areas of a vasoformative component with cavernous and arborizing channels.
  • The differential diagnosis includes a variety of benign and malignant vascular proliferations (littoral cell angioma and Kaposi's sarcoma) as well as metastatic tumors.
  • The worst prognostic factor is splenic rupture with early metastasis.
  • We report a case of the 43-year-old woman with a long-standing history of recurrent ovarian carcinoma treated with surgery and multiple courses of radiation therapy and chemotherapy who clinically appeared to have a metastatic ovarian cancer to the spleen and treated with partial resection of stomach and splenectomy.
  • However, histopathologic examination of the specimen showed the tumor to be of a primary angiosarcoma.
  • We believe that the lengthy exposure to radiation may have played a role in the histopathogenesis of this neoplasm in this patient.
  • [MeSH-major] Hemangiosarcoma / pathology. Neoplasms, Second Primary / pathology. Ovarian Neoplasms / pathology. Splenic Neoplasms / pathology
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Diagnosis, Differential. Female. Humans


40. Tee M, Vos P, Zetler P, Wiseman SM: Incidental littoral cell angioma of the spleen. World J Surg Oncol; 2008;6:87
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  • [Title] Incidental littoral cell angioma of the spleen.
  • BACKGROUND: Littoral cell angioma (LCA) is a recently described primary vascular neoplasm of the spleen that may be associated with other malignancies and may itself also have malignant potential.
  • This vascular neoplasm was evaluated by ultrasound, CT, MRI, Tc-99m labelled red blood cell scintigraphy, and core biopsy.
  • Following this case presentation, clinical, radiographic, and pathological features of LCA will be reviewed as well as recent advances in our understanding of this uncommon splenic lesion.
  • CONCLUSION: LCA is a rare, generally benign, primary vascular tumour of the spleen that typically is discovered incidentally.
  • Individuals diagnosed with this tumour must be carefully evaluated to exclude primary, secondary, and synchronous malignancies.
  • [MeSH-major] Hemangioma / diagnosis. Splenic Neoplasms / diagnosis
  • [MeSH-minor] Cholecystectomy. Colic / surgery. Diagnosis, Differential. Female. Humans. Magnetic Resonance Imaging. Middle Aged. Tomography, X-Ray Computed

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  • (PMID = 18713469.001).
  • [ISSN] 1477-7819
  • [Journal-full-title] World journal of surgical oncology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] World J Surg Oncol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC2527567
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41. Yazici P, Aydin U, Ersin S, Kaplan H: Hamartoma - a rare benign tumor of the spleen: a report of four cases. Eurasian J Med; 2008 Apr;40(1):48-51
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Hamartoma - a rare benign tumor of the spleen: a report of four cases.
  • Splenic hamartoma is an uncommon benign tumor.
  • We retrospectively analyzed all patients who underwent splenectomy between May 2000 and June 2006 and four cases of splenic hamartoma were encountered.
  • Abdominal ultrasonography was the first diagnostic step, which revealed a splenic mass.
  • Splenic hamartoma must be considered in the differential diagnosis of splenic masses unrelated to any other malignancy.

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  • (PMID = 25610025.001).
  • [ISSN] 1308-8734
  • [Journal-full-title] The Eurasian journal of medicine
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Eurasian J Med
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Turkey
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC4261320
  • [Keywords] NOTNLM ; Hamartoma / Splenectomy / Splenic mass
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42. Han HS, Min SK, Lee HK, Kim SW, Park YH: Laparoscopic distal pancreatectomy with preservation of the spleen and splenic vessels for benign pancreas neoplasm. Surg Endosc; 2005 Oct;19(10):1367-9
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Laparoscopic distal pancreatectomy with preservation of the spleen and splenic vessels for benign pancreas neoplasm.
  • BACKGROUND: Laparoscopic distal pancreatectomy to conserve the spleen is a beneficial operation for patients with benign and borderline malignancy in the pancreas.
  • With this procedure, it is very desirable to preserve the splenic artery and vein as well.
  • METHODS: From May 2000 to July 2003, five laparoscopic distal pancreatectomies with preservation of the spleen and splenic vessels were performed for benign pancreas neoplasm at Ewha Womans University Mokdong Hospital in Seoul, Korea.
  • RESULTS: The postoperative pathologic diagnoses were two serous cystadenomas, two mucinous cystadenomas, and one solid and papillary epithelial tumor.
  • The tumors ranged in size from 1.5 to 7 cm.
  • CONCLUSION: Laparoscopic distal pancreatectomy with preservation of the spleen and splenic vessels is a relatively safe and feasible option for the management of benign tumor or borderline malignancy in the distal pancreas.
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Feasibility Studies. Female. Humans. Male. Middle Aged. Spleen / blood supply

  • Genetic Alliance. consumer health - Spleen neoplasm.
  • MedlinePlus Health Information. consumer health - Pancreatic Cancer.
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  • (PMID = 16193376.001).
  • [ISSN] 1432-2218
  • [Journal-full-title] Surgical endoscopy
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Surg Endosc
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] Germany
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