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1. Tsunekawa T, Ogino H, Minatoya K, Matsuda H, Sasaki H, Fukuchi K: Masked prosthetic graft to sigmoid colon fistula diagnosed by 18-fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography. Eur J Vasc Endovasc Surg; 2007 Feb;33(2):187-9
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Masked prosthetic graft to sigmoid colon fistula diagnosed by 18-fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography.
  • The diagnosis of low grade prosthetic graft infection or aorto-enteric fistula is difficult using conventional radiographic imaging modalities.
  • We report a case of aorto-enteric fistula to the sigmoid colon diagnosed by the new technique of 18-fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography.
  • [MeSH-major] Aorta, Abdominal. Blood Vessel Prosthesis. Fluorodeoxyglucose F18. Intestinal Fistula / radionuclide imaging. Positron-Emission Tomography / methods. Sigmoid Diseases / radionuclide imaging. Vascular Fistula / radionuclide imaging
  • [MeSH-minor] Aged. Arteriosclerosis Obliterans / surgery. Diagnosis, Differential. Humans. Iliac Artery / surgery. Male. Prosthesis Failure. Radiopharmaceuticals

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  • (PMID = 16904347.001).
  • [ISSN] 1078-5884
  • [Journal-full-title] European journal of vascular and endovascular surgery : the official journal of the European Society for Vascular Surgery
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Eur J Vasc Endovasc Surg
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Radiopharmaceuticals; 0Z5B2CJX4D / Fluorodeoxyglucose F18
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2. Murphy AB, Clemens JQ, Baker TB: A novel technique for ureteral-ileocecal pouch anastomosis of a renal transplant in the left iliac fossa. Urology; 2006 Jul;68(1):203.e15-6
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  • We report the successful creation of a tension-free donor ureteral-ileocecal pouch anastomosis in a left-sided transplantation of a donor kidney, which necessitated tunneling the donor ureter through the mesentery of the sigmoid colon.

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  • (PMID = 16850536.001).
  • [ISSN] 1527-9995
  • [Journal-full-title] Urology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Urology
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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3. Mirarchi M, De Raffele E, Lega S, Calculli L, Vaccari S, Cola B: [Synchronous adenocarcinoma of the sigmoid colon and multifocal intraductal papillary mucinous neoplasm of the pancreas in an elderly patient]. Chir Ital; 2009 May-Jun;61(3):357-67
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  • [Title] [Synchronous adenocarcinoma of the sigmoid colon and multifocal intraductal papillary mucinous neoplasm of the pancreas in an elderly patient].
  • [Transliterated title] Adenocarcinoma del colon e neoplasia papillare intraduttale mucinosa multifocale sincrona del pancreas in un paziente anziano: caso clinico e revisione della letteratura.
  • A 78-year-old man presented with rectal bleeding which led to the diagnosis of a stenosing adenocarcinoma of the sigmoid colon.
  • No metastatic lesions were present but a 30 mm intraductal papillary mucinous neoplasm with mural nodules was detected in the uncinate process of the pancreas.
  • A two-stage procedure was planned: an R0 sigmoid resection was undertaken first with an uneventful postoperative course.
  • Histology showed a combined-type intraductal papillary mucinous neoplasm with foci of non-invasive carcinoma.
  • The co-existence of a potentially malignant pancreatic tumour with an extra-pancreatic overt malignancy in elderly patients poses difficulties in the attempt to cure the patient with minimal morbidity.
  • In the present case we considered a staged surgical procedure with the aim of reducing the perioperative risk, since the excision of the pancreatic neoplasm required a pancreaticoduodenectomy in an elderly patient.
  • [MeSH-major] Adenocarcinoma / pathology. Adenocarcinoma, Mucinous / pathology. Adenocarcinoma, Papillary / pathology. Carcinoma, Pancreatic Ductal / pathology. Neoplasms, Multiple Primary / pathology. Pancreatic Neoplasms / pathology. Sigmoid Neoplasms / pathology
  • [MeSH-minor] Aged. Colectomy / methods. Humans. Male. Neoplasm Staging. Pancreaticoduodenectomy / methods. Treatment Outcome

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  • (PMID = 19694240.001).
  • [ISSN] 0009-4773
  • [Journal-full-title] Chirurgia italiana
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Chir Ital
  • [Language] ita
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Italy
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4. Soga K, Konishi H, Tatsumi N, Konishi C, Nakano K, Wakabayashi N, Mitsufuji S, Kataoka K, Okanoue T, Mukaisho K, Hattori T: Clear cell adenocarcinoma of the colon: a case report and review of literature. World J Gastroenterol; 2008 Feb 21;14(7):1137-40
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  • [Title] Clear cell adenocarcinoma of the colon: a case report and review of literature.
  • A primary clear cell adenocarcinoma of the colon is a rare oncologic entity.
  • We herein report a case of such a tumor of the sigmoid colon in a 71-year-old woman who was successfully treated by an endoscopic polypectomy in our hospital.
  • We also reviewed the published reports regarding cases of primary clear cell tumors in the colon.

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  • (PMID = 18286700.001).
  • [ISSN] 1007-9327
  • [Journal-full-title] World journal of gastroenterology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] World J. Gastroenterol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] China
  • [Number-of-references] 25
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC2689421
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5. Cervantes-Solís C, Jiménez-González A, Zamora-Nava LE, Torre-Delgadillo A: [Thickening of the colon and terminal ileum documented with computer tomography and its correlation with colonoscopic findings at a third-level hospital]. Rev Gastroenterol Mex; 2010;75(2):158-64
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  • [Title] [Thickening of the colon and terminal ileum documented with computer tomography and its correlation with colonoscopic findings at a third-level hospital].
  • [Transliterated title] Engrosamiento colónico y de íleon terminal documentado por tomografía computarizada y su correlación con hallazgos colonoscópicos en un hospital de tercer nivel.
  • BACKGROUND: Tomographic finding of thickening of colon and terminal ileum and its correlation with colonoscopic findings has been poorly studied.
  • Various radiographic patterns of intestinal thickening suggestive of benign disease have been described, but they cannot completely rule out malignancy.
  • OBJECTIVE: To determine if a relationship exists between colonic wall or terminal ileum thickening documented by computed tomography with abnormal colonoscopic findings and colon cancer.
  • METHODS: Retrospective study of radiology database of a tertiary hospital identifying patients with report of thickening of terminal ileum or colon and have colonoscopy performed.
  • The main site of colonic thickening on CT was sigmoid in 8 (33.3%) cases.
  • The most common colonoscopic finding was colorectal tumor probably malignant in 7 (29.2%) patients, but adenocarcinoma was reported in 8 (33.3%) patients.
  • There was a statistically significant relationship between colonic thickening and colorectal cancer (p < 0.001) but no statistically significant association was found between thickening and sigmoid colon cancer.
  • There was statistical significant correlation between weight loss, melena, anemia, constipation, diarrhea, and hematochezia with diagnosis of cancer (p < 0.01).
  • CONCLUSIONS: The finding of thickening of colon documented by computed tomography is significantly associated with the presence of colorectal carcinoma.
  • [MeSH-major] Colon / pathology. Colon / radiography. Colonic Neoplasms / diagnosis. Colonoscopy. Ileum / pathology. Ileum / radiography. Tomography, X-Ray Computed

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  • (PMID = 20615783.001).
  • [ISSN] 0375-0906
  • [Journal-full-title] Revista de gastroenterología de México
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Rev Gastroenterol Mex
  • [Language] spa
  • [Publication-type] English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Mexico
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6. Morotti M, Ferrero S, Bogliolo S, Venturini PL, Remorgida V, Valenzano Menada M: Transvaginal ultrasonography with water-contrast in the rectum in the diagnosis of bowel endometriosis. Minerva Ginecol; 2010 Jun;62(3):179-85
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  • [Title] Transvaginal ultrasonography with water-contrast in the rectum in the diagnosis of bowel endometriosis.
  • Although several techniques have been proposed for the diagnosis of intestinal endometriosis, no gold standard is currently available.
  • In this review, we describe in details a new technique for the diagnosis of rectosigmoid endometriosis: rectal water-contrast transvaginal ultrasonography.
  • The colonic wall evaluation is obtained by positioning the transvaginal probe against a length of the sigmoid colon to obtain either axial or longitudinal images.
  • The injection of the saline solution facilitates the identification of recto-sigmoid endometriotic nodules which appear as rounded or triangular hypoechoic masses, located anterior or lateral to the bowel.
  • RESULTS: This technique has high sensitivity and specificity in the diagnosis of rectal infiltration in women with rectovaginal endometriosis.

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  • (PMID = 20595942.001).
  • [ISSN] 0026-4784
  • [Journal-full-title] Minerva ginecologica
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Minerva Ginecol
  • [Language] eng; ita
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] Italy
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 059QF0KO0R / Water
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7. Saito K, Inamori M, Sekino Y, Akimoto K, Suzuki K, Tomimoto A, Fujisawa N, Kubota K, Saito S, Koyama S, Nakajima A: Management of acute lower intestinal bleeding: what bowel preparation should be required for urgent colonoscopy? Hepatogastroenterology; 2009 Sep-Oct;56(94-95):1331-4
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • For elderly patients or for those suspected of bleeding from a sigmoid colon lesion, colonoscopy was performed following glycerin enemas or water enemas.

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  • (PMID = 19950786.001).
  • [ISSN] 0172-6390
  • [Journal-full-title] Hepato-gastroenterology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Hepatogastroenterology
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Greece
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 30IQX730WE / Polyethylene Glycols
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8. Gyrtrup HJ, Crone PO, Olsen JA: [Implementation of laparoscopic resection of the sigmoid colon, initial results and experiences]. Ugeskr Laeger; 2005 Sep 26;167(39):3682-4
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  • [Title] [Implementation of laparoscopic resection of the sigmoid colon, initial results and experiences].
  • In Denmark, laparoscopic surgery of the colon has been performed in only a few cases each year.
  • In other countries, laparoscopic surgery foreign diseases of the colon is well established.
  • Laparoscopic surgery for malignant diseases of the colon has been awaiting the results of studies of the oncological results.
  • The aim of this study was to show the initial experience of laparoscopic surgery of the colon in a Danish hospital surgical department.
  • They had a planned laparoscopic resection of the sigmoid colon in the period from January 2004 to February 2005.
  • The median postoperative time in hospital was three days and five days for malignant and benign disease, respectively.
  • In the case of malignant disease, the median number of lymph nodes in the specimen was eight, and the median distance from the resection line to the tumour was 4.5 cm.
  • CONCLUSION: Our results seems to show that if with sufficient laparoscopic expertise, laparoscopic resection of the colon for both benign and malignant diseases can be performed with the advantage of earlier convalescence and fewer days in hospital.
  • [MeSH-major] Colon, Sigmoid / surgery. Laparoscopy / methods. Sigmoid Diseases / surgery. Sigmoid Neoplasms / surgery
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Aged. Clinical Competence. Female. Humans. Length of Stay. Male. Middle Aged. Postoperative Complications / diagnosis. Treatment Outcome

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  • (PMID = 16219215.001).
  • [ISSN] 1603-6824
  • [Journal-full-title] Ugeskrift for laeger
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Ugeskr. Laeg.
  • [Language] dan
  • [Publication-type] English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Denmark
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9. Deenichin GP, Kristev AD, Mollov VV, Turiiski VI: Effect of elevated intra-abdominal pressure on the contractile activity and reactivity of smooth muscle tissue from rat gastrointestinal tract to galantamine and drotaverine (No-Spa). Folia Med (Plovdiv); 2010 Jul-Sep;52(3):31-6
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  • METHODS: A method for recording isometric contractions of isolated smooth muscle preparations from gastric corpus, duodenum and sigmoid colon of rats was used.
  • [MeSH-minor] Animals. Colon / drug effects. Colon / physiology. Disease Models, Animal. Duodenum / drug effects. Duodenum / physiology. Male. Pressure. Rats. Stomach / drug effects. Stomach / physiology. Treatment Outcome

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  • (PMID = 21053671.001).
  • [ISSN] 0204-8043
  • [Journal-full-title] Folia medica
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Folia Med (Plovdiv)
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Bulgaria
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Cholinesterase Inhibitors; 0D3Q044KCA / Galantamine; 98QS4N58TW / drotaverin; DAA13NKG2Q / Papaverine
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10. Chlosta P, Drewa T, Dobruch J, Antoniewicz A, Olejniczak P, Obarzanowski M, Borowka A: Is pure laparoscopic radical cystectomy still an attractive solution for the treatment of muscle-invasive bladder cancer? Urol Int; 2010;85(3):291-5
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  • Complications included sigmoid colon injury, urinary leak, lymphatic leak, short-term paralytic ileus, and heart attack.
  • Tumor stage was pT2b, pT3a, pT3b, and pT4a in 28, 13, 5, and 1 patient, respectively.
  • 17% of patients had tumor in the lymph nodes.
  • [MeSH-minor] Aged. Female. Hospitalization. Humans. Lymph Nodes / pathology. Male. Medical Oncology / methods. Middle Aged. Muscles / pathology. Neoplasm Invasiveness. Recurrence. Surgical Procedures, Operative. Time Factors. Treatment Outcome. Urinary Bladder / pathology. Urology / methods

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  • [Copyright] Copyright © 2010 S. Karger AG, Basel.
  • (PMID = 20389046.001).
  • [ISSN] 1423-0399
  • [Journal-full-title] Urologia internationalis
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Urol. Int.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Switzerland
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11. Ferrari A, Botrugno I, Bombelli E, Dominioni T, Cavazzi E, Dionigi P: Colonoscopy is mandatory after Streptococcus bovis endocarditis: a lesson still not learned. Case report. World J Surg Oncol; 2008;6:49
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  • BACKGROUND: Even though the relationship between certain bacterial infections and neoplastic lesions of the colon is well-recognized, this knowledge has not been sufficiently translated into routine practice yet.
  • Preoperative colonoscopy, staging exams and subsequent surgery demonstrated a stenotic adenocarcinoma of the sigmoid colon, invading the left urinary tract and the homolateral bladder wall, with regional lymph nodes involvement and massive bilobar liver metastases (T4N1M1).
  • After Hartmann's rectosigmoidectomy and despite systemic chemotherapy, a rapid progression occurred and the patient survived for only 5 months after diagnosis.
  • CONCLUSION: As this case illustrates, in the unusual setting of a Streptococcus bovis infection, it is necessary to timely and carefully rule out occult colon cancer and other malignancies during hospitalization and, if a tumor is not found, to schedule endoscopic follow-up.
  • Rigorous application of these recommendations in the case described would have likely led to an earlier diagnosis of cancer and maybe saved the patient's life.
  • [MeSH-major] Colonic Neoplasms / diagnosis. Colonoscopy. Endocarditis, Bacterial / etiology. Streptococcal Infections / etiology. Streptococcus bovis
  • [MeSH-minor] Colon / microbiology. Humans. Male. Middle Aged

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  • (PMID = 18474093.001).
  • [ISSN] 1477-7819
  • [Journal-full-title] World journal of surgical oncology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] World J Surg Oncol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC2397406
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12. Kubo H, Kanekiyo S, Watanabe Y, Tada K, Hasegawa H: [A case report--combination chemotherapy with oral UFT and CPT-11, 5-FU, l-LV by hepatic arterial infusion for multiple hepatic metastasis from sigmoid colon cancer]. Gan To Kagaku Ryoho; 2007 Dec;34(13):2313-6
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  • [Title] [A case report--combination chemotherapy with oral UFT and CPT-11, 5-FU, l-LV by hepatic arterial infusion for multiple hepatic metastasis from sigmoid colon cancer].
  • A 64-year-old woman was diagnosed with multiple hepatic metastases from sigmoid colon cancer.
  • She underwent resection of the colon and catheter insertion into the hepatic artery for arterial infusion in August 2006.
  • [MeSH-major] Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols / therapeutic use. Liver Neoplasms / drug therapy. Liver Neoplasms / secondary. Sigmoid Neoplasms / pathology

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  • (PMID = 18079638.001).
  • [ISSN] 0385-0684
  • [Journal-full-title] Gan to kagaku ryoho. Cancer & chemotherapy
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Gan To Kagaku Ryoho
  • [Language] jpn
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Japan
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Antimetabolites, Antineoplastic; 0 / Antineoplastic Agents, Phytogenic; 1548R74NSZ / Tegafur; 56HH86ZVCT / Uracil; 7673326042 / irinotecan; Q573I9DVLP / Leucovorin; U3P01618RT / Fluorouracil; XT3Z54Z28A / Camptothecin; 1-UFT protocol
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13. Aulí M, Martínez E, Gallego D, Opazo A, Espín F, Martí-Gallostra M, Jiménez M, Clavé P: Effects of excitatory and inhibitory neurotransmission on motor patterns of human sigmoid colon in vitro. Br J Pharmacol; 2008 Dec;155(7):1043-55
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  • [Title] Effects of excitatory and inhibitory neurotransmission on motor patterns of human sigmoid colon in vitro.
  • BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: To characterize the in vitro motor patterns and the neurotransmitters released by enteric motor neurons (EMNs) in the human sigmoid colon.
  • EXPERIMENTAL APPROACH: Sigmoid circular strips were studied in organ baths.
  • [MeSH-major] Colon, Sigmoid / metabolism. Receptors, Muscarinic / metabolism. Receptors, Neurokinin-2 / metabolism. Receptors, Purinergic P2 / metabolism

  • Hazardous Substances Data Bank. NITRIC OXIDE .
  • Hazardous Substances Data Bank. NICOTINE .
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  • (PMID = 18846038.001).
  • [ISSN] 1476-5381
  • [Journal-full-title] British journal of pharmacology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Br. J. Pharmacol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / P2RY1 protein, human; 0 / Receptors, Muscarinic; 0 / Receptors, Neurokinin-2; 0 / Receptors, Nicotinic; 0 / Receptors, Purinergic P2; 0 / Receptors, Purinergic P2Y1; 0 / Tachykinins; 31C4KY9ESH / Nitric Oxide; 6M3C89ZY6R / Nicotine; N9YNS0M02X / Acetylcholine
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC2597251
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14. Maruyama T, Takagaki T, Hara K, Ohkohchi N: [A case of sigmoid colon cancer with multiple liver metastases responding to S-1]. Gan To Kagaku Ryoho; 2008 Feb;35(2):315-7
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  • [Title] [A case of sigmoid colon cancer with multiple liver metastases responding to S-1].
  • A 74-year-old woman was referred to our hospital with complaints of constipation and abdominal distention caused by a sigmoid colon tumor.
  • After examination, she was diagnosed as sigmoid colon cancer with multiple liver metastases.
  • To prevent bowel obstruction, a sigmoid colon resection was performed.
  • After eight courses, elevation of tumor marker and metastasis at the right femur were found, and she died of the cancer 12 months after the operation.
  • [MeSH-major] Liver Neoplasms / drug therapy. Liver Neoplasms / secondary. Oxonic Acid / therapeutic use. Sigmoid Neoplasms / drug therapy. Tegafur / therapeutic use
  • [MeSH-minor] Aged. Biomarkers, Tumor / blood. Drug Combinations. Female. Humans. Tomography, X-Ray Computed. Treatment Failure

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  • (PMID = 18281773.001).
  • [ISSN] 0385-0684
  • [Journal-full-title] Gan to kagaku ryoho. Cancer & chemotherapy
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Gan To Kagaku Ryoho
  • [Language] jpn
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Japan
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Biomarkers, Tumor; 0 / Drug Combinations; 150863-82-4 / S 1 (combination); 1548R74NSZ / Tegafur; 5VT6420TIG / Oxonic Acid
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15. Biros E, Staffa R, Kríz Z: [Replantation of IMA and accessory right RA during infrarenal AAA repair and a current view on indications for IMA replanting]. Rozhl Chir; 2010 Sep;89(9):451-5
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  • INTRODUCTION: Replanting the inferior mesentery artery during infrarenal aortic aneurysm repair is a measure which might prevent development of colon ischemia under certain circumstances.
  • Most surgeons judge the adequacy of the collateral circulation by IMA backbleeding combined with inspection of sigmoid colon after restoring aortic flow.
  • There have been numerous attempts to replace this subjective approach with more objective methods like intraoperative colon mucosal saturation measurement, laser Doppler flowmetry, IMA stump pressures, photophletyzmographic technique.
  • Even though these methods describe conditions when a collateral circulation of rectosigmoid is inadequate after IMA ligature, they are unable to fully eliminate the occurrence of colon ischemia because of its multifactorial nature.
  • Solving the problem of collateral circulation of the large intestine represents only a part of the obstacle presented by colon ischemia after infrarenal AAA repair.
  • CONCLUSION: IMA replantation during infrarenal AAA repair does not fully prevent an occurance of colon ischemia.
  • [MeSH-minor] Angiography. Colon / blood supply. Humans. Ischemia / prevention & control. Male. Middle Aged. Tomography, X-Ray Computed

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  • (PMID = 21121155.001).
  • [ISSN] 0035-9351
  • [Journal-full-title] Rozhledy v chirurgii : měsíčník Československé chirurgické společnosti
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Rozhl Chir
  • [Language] cze
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Czech Republic
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16. Pereira RM, Zanatta A, Preti CD, de Paula FJ, da Motta EL, Serafini PC: Should the gynecologist perform laparoscopic bowel resection to treat endometriosis? Results over 7 years in 168 patients. J Minim Invasive Gynecol; 2009 Jul-Aug;16(4):472-9
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  • Lesions were distributed as follows: 133 (79%) in the rectum, 61 (24%) in the sigmoid colon, 47 (19%) in the appendix, 5 (2%) in the terminal ileum, 3 (1%) in the descending colon, and 3 (1%) in the cecum.

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  • (PMID = 19573824.001).
  • [ISSN] 1553-4650
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of minimally invasive gynecology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Minim Invasive Gynecol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Multicenter Study
  • [Publication-country] United States
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17. Farhadi A, Keshavarzian A, Fields JZ, Jakate S, Shaikh M, Banan A: Reduced immunostaining for c-kit receptors in mucosal mast cells in inflammatory bowel disease. J Gastroenterol Hepatol; 2007 Dec;22(12):2338-43
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  • Endoscopic mucosal biopsies of the distal sigmoid colon were taken during unprepared sigmoidoscopy before the first CPT and after the last CPT, and formalin-fixed samples were stained for both MC granules (MCg) and for the c-kit receptor, which is present on MC membranes (MCm).

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  • (PMID = 17645464.001).
  • [ISSN] 0815-9319
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of gastroenterology and hepatology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Gastroenterol. Hepatol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] Australia
  • [Chemical-registry-number] EC 2.7.10.1 / Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-kit
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18. Lychkova AE: [Model of gastroesophageal reflux concomitant with functional constipation in conditions of nitric oxide synthase inhibition]. Eksp Klin Gastroenterol; 2009;(8):63-6
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  • Gastroesophageal reflux simulated by the administration of nitric oxide donor - methylene blue at fundal department of the stomach and constipation - by free ligation overlaid on the terminal division sigmoid colon of rats.

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  • (PMID = 20469681.001).
  • [ISSN] 1682-8658
  • [Journal-full-title] Ėksperimental'nai︠a︡ i klinicheskai︠a︡ gastroėnterologii︠a︡ = Experimental & clinical gastroenterology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Eksp Klin Gastroenterol
  • [Language] rus
  • [Publication-type] English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Russia (Federation)
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Enzyme Inhibitors; EC 1.14.13.39 / Nitric Oxide Synthase; V55S2QJN2X / NG-Nitroarginine Methyl Ester
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19. Roy AK, Ghildiyal JP: Impaction of feces in a loop of sigmoid colon: a rare cause of incarceration of inguinal hernia in children. Int J Surg; 2008 Dec;6(6):e7-8
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  • [Title] Impaction of feces in a loop of sigmoid colon: a rare cause of incarceration of inguinal hernia in children.
  • Sigmoid colon as a content of childhood hernia is a very rare occurrence.
  • We report a case of child with incarceration of inguinal hernia caused by impaction of feces in a loop of sigmoid colon.
  • [MeSH-major] Fecal Impaction / complications. Hernia, Inguinal / surgery. Sigmoid Diseases / complications

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  • (PMID = 19059140.001).
  • [ISSN] 1743-9159
  • [Journal-full-title] International journal of surgery (London, England)
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Int J Surg
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] England
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20. Kurguzov OP: [Acute inflammation of omental processes of the colon]. Khirurgiia (Mosk); 2005;(9):45-9
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  • [Title] [Acute inflammation of omental processes of the colon].
  • In 9 cases inflammation was in the right half of the colon, in 7 -- in sigmoid colon (which in 3 patients was located in the right iliac area).
  • In some patients mainly in left-sided location of the inflammation the disease looks like renal colic, perforation of colon or peritonitis.
  • Problems of diagnosis and surgical treatment of acute inflammation of OP are discussed.
  • [MeSH-major] Colon / pathology. Colon / surgery. Inflammatory Bowel Diseases / pathology. Inflammatory Bowel Diseases / surgery

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  • (PMID = 16247385.001).
  • [ISSN] 0023-1207
  • [Journal-full-title] Khirurgiia
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Khirurgiia (Mosk)
  • [Language] rus
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Russia (Federation)
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21. Brenner H, Hoffmeister M, Arndt V, Stegmaier C, Altenhofen L, Haug U: Protection from right- and left-sided colorectal neoplasms after colonoscopy: population-based study. J Natl Cancer Inst; 2010 Jan 20;102(2):89-95
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  • After adjustment, overall and site-specific adjusted prevalence ratios for previous colonoscopy in the previous 10-year period were as follows: overall, 0.52 (95% confidence interval [CI] = 0.37 to 0.73); cecum and ascending colon, 0.99 (95% CI = 0.50 to 1.97); hepatic flexure and transverse colon, 1.21 (95% CI = 0.60 to 2.42); right-sided colon combined (cecum to transverse colon), 1.05 (95% CI = 0.63 to 1.76); splenic flexure and descending colon, 0.36 (95% CI = 0.16 to 0.82); sigmoid colon, 0.29 (95% CI = 0.16 to 0.53); rectum, 0.07 (95% CI = 0.02 to 0.40); left colon and rectum combined (splenic flexure to rectum, referred to as left-sided elsewhere), 0.33 (95% CI = 0.21 to 0.53).


22. Nagata K, Endo S, Tatsukawa K, Kudo SE: Double colorectal cancer only diagnosed by computed tomographic colonography. Case Rep Gastroenterol; 2008;2(1):44-8
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  • Optical colonoscopy revealed a bulky tumor which was diagnosed as rectal cancer.
  • Diagnosis of synchronous double cancer was made by CT colonography.
  • Laparoscopy-assisted high anterior resection was performed and T3 rectal cancer and T1 sigmoid colon cancer were confirmed in the resected specimen.

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  • (PMID = 21490837.001).
  • [ISSN] 1662-0631
  • [Journal-full-title] Case reports in gastroenterology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Case Rep Gastroenterol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Switzerland
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC3075165
  • [Keywords] NOTNLM ; Colonography / Colorectal cancer / Computed tomography / Obstruction / Virtual colonoscopy
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23. Moritani S, Ichihara S, Seki Y, Kataoka M, Yokoi T: Pulmonary capillary hemangiomatosis incidentally detected in a lobectomy specimen for a metastatic colon cancer. Pathol Int; 2006 Jun;56(6):350-7
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  • [Title] Pulmonary capillary hemangiomatosis incidentally detected in a lobectomy specimen for a metastatic colon cancer.
  • The clinical diagnosis is usually difficult.
  • Presented herein is a case of pulmonary capillary hemangiomatosis incidentally detected in a surgically resected lung for a metastatic colon cancer.
  • The patient was a 60-year-old Japanese woman with a history of sigmoid colon cancer 3 years previously.
  • The patient had undergone a right lower lobectomy for a metastatic tumor in the hilar region and a thoracoscopic tumorectomy of the peripheral area of the left upper lobe.
  • The non-tumor area of right lower lobe showed multiple foci of capillary proliferation affecting alveolar walls, interlobular septa and pleura associated with patchy hemorrhage.
  • Passive congestion secondary to metastatic colon cancer in the hilar region may have contributed to the pathogenesis of this lesion.

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  • (PMID = 16704501.001).
  • [ISSN] 1320-5463
  • [Journal-full-title] Pathology international
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Pathol. Int.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Australia
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24. Liang JT, Lai HS, Lee PH: Elective laparoscopically assisted sigmoidectomy for the sigmoid volvulus. Surg Endosc; 2006 Nov;20(11):1772-3
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  • [Title] Elective laparoscopically assisted sigmoidectomy for the sigmoid volvulus.
  • BACKGROUND: The laparoscopic approach for the treatment of sigmoid volvulus has been a rare surgical indication.
  • This phase 2 study investigated the feasibility and surgical outcomes of elective laparoscopic surgery for sigmoid volvulus.
  • METHODS: Patients with sigmoid volvulus were first offered colonoscopic decompression for their acute colonic obstruction.
  • Briefly, the redundant sigmoid colon is totally mobilized by a laparoscopic medial-to-lateral dissection sequence, after which it is exteriorized, transected, and reconstructed by end-to-end anastomosis.
  • In the authors' experience, the medial-to-lateral approach is highly efficient for the laparoscopic mobilization of the redundant sigmoid colon.
  • We believe that the longer the lateral abdominal wall attachment of the sigmoid colon is preserved, the better the exposure and the easier the dissection.
  • RESULTS: Between August 2001 and April, 2005, a total of 14 patients (10 men and 4 women) with sigmoid volvulus were treated with the described procedure.
  • The attack of sigmoid volvulus was the first episode for eight patients, the second episode for 4 patients, and the third episode (or more) for two patients.
  • During the laparoscopy, all the patients presented with the pathognomonic findings of sigmoid volvulus including redundant sigmoid colon, narrow sigmoid mesenteric pedicle, and mesosigmoiditis with mesenteric fibrosis and scarring, as shown in the video.
  • The length of the resected colon was 32 +/- 6 cm.
  • The abdominal wound consisted of four 5 to 12 mm working ports and a 5 cm major wound for exteriorization of the sigmoid colon.
  • Some surgeons have shown that a sigmoid volvulus can be resected through a 5-cm left lower quadrant incision with very little mobilization of the colon because of its redundancy.
  • In this context, the laparoscopic approach competed with the minilaparotomy method in terms of adequate sigmoid resection, lysis of mesosigmoid adhesion, and tension-free colorectal anastomosis.
  • As compared with the overall costs for a conventional sigmoid colectomy, which are completely covered by the National Bureau of Health Insurance of Taiwan, the expenses for the patients undergoing laparoscopic procedures were significantly higher by approximately 24,000.0 NT dollars +/- 2,635.0 (1 U.S. dollar = 32 NT dollars).
  • CONCLUSION: Considering that patients with sigmoid volvulus often are elderly and chronically ill, laparoscopic elective surgery after a successful colonoscopic decompression may be a good choice for a selected group of patients in terms of minimized surgical complications and quick convalescence.
  • [MeSH-major] Colectomy / methods. Intestinal Volvulus / surgery. Laparoscopy. Sigmoid Diseases / surgery

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  • (PMID = 17024540.001).
  • [ISSN] 1432-2218
  • [Journal-full-title] Surgical endoscopy
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Surg Endosc
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Clinical Trial, Phase II; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Germany
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25. Vilallonga R, Rodriguez N, Vilchez M, Armengol M: Translocation of an intrauterine contraceptive device: incidental finding in the rectosigmoid colon. Obstet Gynecol Int; 2010;2010:404160
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  • [Title] Translocation of an intrauterine contraceptive device: incidental finding in the rectosigmoid colon.
  • The presence of an intrauterine device (IUD) within the colon is rare.
  • Translocation of IUDs to the uterine cavity, to the bladder and also through the wall of the bowel, and sigmoid colon has been reported.
  • This paper reports on a case of colon perforation by an IUD.

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  • (PMID = 20613996.001).
  • [ISSN] 1687-9597
  • [Journal-full-title] Obstetrics and gynecology international
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Obstet Gynecol Int
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC2896620
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26. Al-Haddad AA, Hellinger MD, Akerman SC: Surgisis mesh repair of a postsacrectomy perineal hernia along with posterior proctosigmoidectomy for concomitant stricture. Am Surg; 2007 Nov;73(11):1129-32
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  • He presented with obstructive symptoms resulting from a strictured segment of herniated sigmoid colon and underwent bowel resection along with repair of his hernia.
  • [MeSH-minor] Bone Neoplasms / secondary. Bone Neoplasms / surgery. Constriction, Pathologic / diagnosis. Constriction, Pathologic / etiology. Constriction, Pathologic / surgery. Dermatofibrosarcoma / secondary. Dermatofibrosarcoma / surgery. Hernia / etiology. Humans. Male. Middle Aged. Orthopedic Procedures / adverse effects. Sigmoidoscopy. Skin Neoplasms / pathology. Skin Neoplasms / surgery. Tomography, X-Ray Computed

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  • (PMID = 18092647.001).
  • [ISSN] 0003-1348
  • [Journal-full-title] The American surgeon
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Am Surg
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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27. Gupta C, Malani AK, Ammar H: Cholecystocolonic fistula with impacted sigmoid gallstone mimicking malignant obstruction of the sigmoid colon. Scand J Gastroenterol; 2007 Apr;42(4):535-6
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  • [Title] Cholecystocolonic fistula with impacted sigmoid gallstone mimicking malignant obstruction of the sigmoid colon.
  • [MeSH-major] Biliary Fistula / complications. Gallbladder Diseases / complications. Gallstones / complications. Intestinal Fistula / complications. Intestinal Obstruction / etiology. Sigmoid Diseases / complications
  • [MeSH-minor] Aged, 80 and over. Diagnosis, Differential. Female. Humans

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  • (PMID = 17454868.001).
  • [ISSN] 0036-5521
  • [Journal-full-title] Scandinavian journal of gastroenterology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Scand. J. Gastroenterol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Letter
  • [Publication-country] Norway
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28. Kinner S, Kuehle CA, Langhorst J, Ladd SC, Nuefer M, Barkhausen J, Lauenstein TC: MR colonography with fecal tagging: do individual patient characteristics influence image quality? J Magn Reson Imaging; 2007 May;25(5):1007-12
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  • Four segments of the large bowel (ascending, transverse, descending, and sigmoid colon) were assessed as for the presence of nontagged stool particles, which can impede an assessment of the colonic wall.
  • Best image quality was found in the sigmoid colon (mean value = 1.9), while image quality of the ascending colon turned out to be worst (mean value = 2.6).
  • [MeSH-major] Colonic Diseases / diagnosis. Feces. Magnetic Resonance Imaging / methods

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  • [Copyright] (c) 2007 Wiley-Liss, Inc.
  • (PMID = 17457810.001).
  • [ISSN] 1053-1807
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of magnetic resonance imaging : JMRI
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Magn Reson Imaging
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Contrast Media; 0 / Galactans; 0 / Heterocyclic Compounds; 0 / Mannans; 0 / Organometallic Compounds; 0 / Plant Gums; 25BB7EKE2E / Barium Sulfate; 3X9MR4N98U / Diatrizoate Meglumine; 92923-44-9 / gadolinium 1,4,7,10-tetraazacyclododecane-N,N',N'',N'''-tetraacetate; V4716MY704 / locust bean gum
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29. Rex DK, Chen SC, Overhiser AJ: Colonoscopy technique in consecutive patients referred for prior incomplete colonoscopy. Clin Gastroenterol Hepatol; 2007 Jul;5(7):879-83
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  • RESULTS: Most patients could be characterized as to the cause of previous failure, based on medical records or an initial attempt to pass the colonoscope, as redundant colon (n = 54), difficult sigmoid colon (n = 33), or difficult to sedate (n = 8).
  • The approach varies depending on characterization of the problem as redundant colon vs difficult sigmoid colon.
  • [MeSH-major] Colonoscopes. Colonoscopy / methods. Colorectal Neoplasms / diagnosis
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Aged. Diagnosis, Differential. Equipment Design. Female. Humans. Male. Middle Aged. Reproducibility of Results

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  • [CommentIn] Clin Gastroenterol Hepatol. 2008 Feb;6(2):259; author reply 259 [18063420.001]
  • (PMID = 17544873.001).
  • [ISSN] 1542-7714
  • [Journal-full-title] Clinical gastroenterology and hepatology : the official clinical practice journal of the American Gastroenterological Association
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Clin. Gastroenterol. Hepatol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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30. Whiteford MH, Denk PM, Swanström LL: Feasibility of radical sigmoid colectomy performed as natural orifice translumenal endoscopic surgery (NOTES) using transanal endoscopic microsurgery. Surg Endosc; 2007 Oct;21(10):1870-4
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Feasibility of radical sigmoid colectomy performed as natural orifice translumenal endoscopic surgery (NOTES) using transanal endoscopic microsurgery.
  • This study aimed to describe a method of anal transcolonic sigmoid colon resection.
  • Three male human cadavers were subjected to transanal sigmoid colon mobilization, high vascular ligation, en bloc lymphadenectomy, and stapled end-to-end anastomosis performed by a single operator using transanal endoscopic microsurgery instrumentation.
  • RESULTS: The findings showed that NOTES sigmoid colon resection with en bloc lymphadenectomy and primary anastomosis can be performed successfully.
  • The critical steps of the procedure were (1) luminal suture occlusion of the sigmoid colon, (2) transrectal bowel division, (3) entry through the mesorectum into the presacral space, (4) en bloc mobilization of the sigmoid colon mesentery off of the retroperitoneum, (5) high ligation of the superior hemorrhoidal artery, (6) transanal delivery of the intact sigmoid colon specimen, (7) extracorporeal division of the colon, and (8) creation of a stapled end-to-end colorectal anastomosis.
  • CONCLUSIONS: It is possible to complete the critical steps of a NOTES sigmoid resection, en bloc lymphadenectomy, primary anastomosis, and retrieval of an intact specimen without any incisions using transanal endoscopic microsurgery instrumentation.
  • [MeSH-major] Colectomy / methods. Colon, Sigmoid / surgery. Colonoscopy / methods. Microsurgery

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  • [Cites] Surg Endosc. 2006 Feb;20(2):329-33 [16402290.001]
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  • (PMID = 17705068.001).
  • [ISSN] 1432-2218
  • [Journal-full-title] Surgical endoscopy
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Surg Endosc
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Germany
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31. Isono H, Gyoda Y, Yoshizawa A, Kenmoku T, Nakamura Y, Onose A, Kawabata M, Iwase S: [A case with an ovarian cancer patient who could receive anti-cancer therapy and palliative care simultaneously at home through seamless collaboration in healthcare linkage]. Gan To Kagaku Ryoho; 2010 Dec;37 Suppl 2:253-5
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  • The tumor relapsed and invaded the sigmoid colon in 2000's.She then developed an intestinal obstruction and was hospitalized.After her conditions were stabilized, she was discharged but still needed a high degree of medical interventions.

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  • (PMID = 21368541.001).
  • [ISSN] 0385-0684
  • [Journal-full-title] Gan to kagaku ryoho. Cancer & chemotherapy
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Gan To Kagaku Ryoho
  • [Language] jpn
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Japan
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Antibiotics, Antineoplastic; 80168379AG / Doxorubicin
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32. Soares RS, de Abreu RA Jr, Tavora JE: Laparoscopic ureteral reimplant for ureteral stricture. Int Braz J Urol; 2010 Jan-Feb;36(1):38-43
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  • There were two complications: a lesion of the sigmoid colon identified peroperatively and treated with laparoscopic sutures with good evolution, and a case of ureteral stone obstruction at the 30th day postoperative, treated by laser ureterolitotripsy.

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  • (PMID = 20202233.001).
  • [ISSN] 1677-6119
  • [Journal-full-title] International braz j urol : official journal of the Brazilian Society of Urology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Int Braz J Urol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Brazil
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33. Lukovich P, Lakatos PL, Keresztes K, Wacha J, Takáts A, Morvay K, Tari K, Kupcsulik P: [Piecemeal technique at the removal of large rectosigmoid polyps]. Orv Hetil; 2006 Nov 26;147(47):2261-4
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  • INTRODUCTION: Removal of the colon polyps is a routine approach.
  • Ten polyps in the rectum, three in the sigmoid colon were found.
  • CONCLUSION: The risk of removal of large colon polyps could be undertaken at those endoscopic units where anesthesiologic and surgical background are present, and the patient--in case of unsuccessful removal--could be treated with other minimal invasive therapy (laparoscopic colon resection).
  • [MeSH-major] Colon, Sigmoid / surgery. Digestive System Surgical Procedures / methods. Intestinal Polyps / surgery. Rectum / surgery

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  • (PMID = 17380688.001).
  • [ISSN] 0030-6002
  • [Journal-full-title] Orvosi hetilap
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Orv Hetil
  • [Language] hun
  • [Publication-type] English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Hungary
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34. Yajima K, Matsuo H, Kobayashi T, Ajioka Y, Hatakeyama K: Curative resection performed twice for circular-staple-line recurrence after colorectal carcinoma surgery: report of a case. Surg Today; 2007;37(1):61-5
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  • Initially, she underwent sigmoidectomy for carcinoma of the sigmoid colon, followed by end-to-end anastomosis, done using a circular stapler.
  • Subsequently, she underwent an anterior resection, then a low anterior resection, 12 and 34 months after the initial operation, respectively, both to treat a circular-staple-line recurrence of the tumor.
  • [MeSH-major] Adenocarcinoma / surgery. Colectomy / adverse effects. Colorectal Neoplasms / surgery. Neoplasm Recurrence, Local / surgery. Surgical Stapling / adverse effects

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  • (PMID = 17186349.001).
  • [ISSN] 0941-1291
  • [Journal-full-title] Surgery today
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Surg. Today
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Japan
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35. Cameron IL, Kent JE, Philo R, Barnes CJ, Hardman WE: Numerical distribution of lymphoid nodules in the human sigmoid colon, rectosigmoidal junction, rectum, and anal canal. Clin Anat; 2006 Mar;19(2):164-70
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  • [Title] Numerical distribution of lymphoid nodules in the human sigmoid colon, rectosigmoidal junction, rectum, and anal canal.
  • A novel approach was therefore developed to assess the number of LN in the sigmoid colon, the rectosigmoid segment, the rectum, and the anal canal in humans.
  • The number of LN was scored macroscopically from the proximal sigmoid colon to the distal anal canal.
  • [MeSH-major] Anal Canal / anatomy & histology. Colon, Sigmoid / anatomy & histology. Lymphoid Tissue / anatomy & histology. Rectum / anatomy & histology

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  • (PMID = 16444704.001).
  • [ISSN] 0897-3806
  • [Journal-full-title] Clinical anatomy (New York, N.Y.)
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Clin Anat
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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36. Vogel Y, Bous JC, Winnekendonk G, Henning BF: Tuberculous peritonitis in a German patient with primary biliary cirrhosis: a case report. J Med Case Rep; 2008;2:32
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  • The diagnosis of tuberculous peritonitis is often delayed on account of non-specific clinical symptoms.
  • The patient underwent a computed tomography (CT) scan of the abdomen which showed a thickened intestinal wall in the sigmoid colon and a pronounced enhancement of the peritoneum.
  • CONCLUSION: In primary biliary cirrhosis patients with non-specific clinical symptoms, such as vomiting, abdominal pain, ascites, weight loss, and fever, tuberculous peritonitis must be considered in the initial differential diagnosis, although these symptoms may be attributed to cirrhosis of the liver with spontaneous bacterial peritonitis.
  • Ultrasonographic and CT scab findings are not specific for tuberculous peritonitis, but an awareness of the ultrasonographic features and the features of the CT scan may help in the diagnosis of tuberculous peritonitis and avoid clinical mismanagement.

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  • (PMID = 18237424.001).
  • [ISSN] 1752-1947
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of medical case reports
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Med Case Rep
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC2267201
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37. Abou-Nukta F, Bakhos C, Ikekpeazu N, Ciardiello K: Ruptured giant colonic diverticulum. Am Surg; 2005 Dec;71(12):1073-4
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • In most cases, giant colonic diverticulum is found in the sigmoid colon.
  • The ideal treatment is elective resection of the sigmoid colon with primary anastomosis.
  • When the diverticulum presents with perforation or obstruction, however, the treatment is a sigmoid colectomy with diverting colostomy (Hartmann procedure).
  • [MeSH-major] Colectomy / methods. Diverticulum, Colon / diagnosis. Diverticulum, Colon / surgery
  • [MeSH-minor] Aged. Aged, 80 and over. Anastomosis, Surgical. Colon, Sigmoid / physiopathology. Colon, Sigmoid / surgery. Female. Follow-Up Studies. Humans. Laparotomy / methods. Rare Diseases. Risk Assessment. Rupture, Spontaneous / etiology. Rupture, Spontaneous / surgery. Severity of Illness Index. Tomography, X-Ray Computed. Treatment Outcome

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  • [ErratumIn] Am Surg. 2006 Mar;72(3):288. Bakhus, Charles [corrected to Bakhos, Charles]
  • (PMID = 16447484.001).
  • [ISSN] 0003-1348
  • [Journal-full-title] The American surgeon
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Am Surg
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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38. Kawate S, Takeyoshi I, Ikota H, Numaga Y, Sunose Y, Morishita Y: Endometrioid adenocarcinoma arising from endometriosis of the mesenterium of the sigmoid colon. Jpn J Clin Oncol; 2005 Mar;35(3):154-7
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  • [Title] Endometrioid adenocarcinoma arising from endometriosis of the mesenterium of the sigmoid colon.
  • This report presents a case of endometrioid adenocarcinoma arising from endometriosis of the mesenterium of the sigmoid colon following total abdominal hysterectomy and bilateral salpingo-oophorectomy for leiomyoma of the uterus and infiltrating pelvic endometriosis, and hormone replacement therapy.
  • A 62-year-old woman presented with an abdominal tumor.
  • Based on the diagnosis of mesocolonic tumor, sigmoidectomy with lymph node resection was performed.
  • The tumor cells were immunopositive for cytokeratin 7, but negative for cytokeratin 20, and the tumor was histologically diagnosed as endometrioid adenocarcinoma of the mesocolon.
  • [MeSH-major] Carcinoma, Endometrioid / etiology. Endometriosis / pathology. Sigmoid Diseases / pathology. Sigmoid Neoplasms / etiology
  • [MeSH-minor] Cell Transformation, Neoplastic / pathology. Colon, Sigmoid / blood supply. Estrogen Replacement Therapy / adverse effects. Fallopian Tubes / surgery. Female. Humans. Hysterectomy. Leiomyoma / surgery. Lymph Node Excision. Mesentery / pathology. Middle Aged. Ovariectomy. Postoperative Period. Uterine Neoplasms / surgery

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  • (PMID = 15741306.001).
  • [ISSN] 0368-2811
  • [Journal-full-title] Japanese journal of clinical oncology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Jpn. J. Clin. Oncol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Japan
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39. Hyodo H, Tomita Y, Hirai K, Hirakawa H, Ueno S, Ishiguro H: Turner syndrome with ulcerative colitis. Clin Pediatr Endocrinol; 2009 Oct;18(4):101-5
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  • Barium enema revealed punctate collections of barium suggesting microulcerations in the descending and sigmoid colon with loss of haustra.

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  • (PMID = 23926368.001).
  • [ISSN] 0918-5739
  • [Journal-full-title] Clinical pediatric endocrinology : case reports and clinical investigations : official journal of the Japanese Society for Pediatric Endocrinology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Clin Pediatr Endocrinol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Japan
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC3687612
  • [Keywords] NOTNLM ; 46,X,i(Xq) / Turner syndrome / ulcerative colitis
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40. Forshammar J, Isaksson S, Strid H, Stotzer PO, Sjövall H, Simrén M, Ohman L: A pilot study of colonic B cell pattern in irritable bowel syndrome. Scand J Gastroenterol; 2008;43(12):1461-6
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • Immunohistochemical staining of biopsies from the sigmoid and ascending colon was performed.
  • RESULTS: The number of IgA(+) B cells in the ascending colon was lower in IBS patients than in controls (p=0.039).
  • Furthermore, unlike controls, IBS patients had a reduction of IgA(+) B cells in the ascending colon relative to the sigmoid colon (p=0.04).
  • CONCLUSIONS: The reduced number of colonic IgA(+) B cells in IBS patients suggests that the disorder may be associated with a modified gut immune defence.
  • [MeSH-major] B-Lymphocytes / immunology. Colon / immunology. Inflammation / immunology. Irritable Bowel Syndrome / immunology

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  • [CommentIn] Scand J Gastroenterol. 2010;45(1):124-5; author reply 125 [19883281.001]
  • (PMID = 18663666.001).
  • [ISSN] 1502-7708
  • [Journal-full-title] Scandinavian journal of gastroenterology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Scand. J. Gastroenterol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Comparative Study; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] Norway
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Immunoglobulin A; 0 / Immunoglobulin M; 37341-29-0 / Immunoglobulin E
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41. Nakajima T, Saito Y, Matsuda T, Hoshino T, Yamamoto S, Tamura T, Moriya Y, Saito D: Minute depressed-type submucosal invasive cancer-5 mm in diameter with intermediate lymph-node metastasis: report of a case. Dis Colon Rectum; 2007 May;50(5):677-81
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  • We report a rare case of colon cancer in which a depressed-type tumor only 5 mm in diameter invaded the submucosal layer and produced intermediate lymph node metastasis.
  • A 47-year-old male received a total colonoscopy for a depressed-type lesion with marginal elevation in the sigmoid colon.
  • [MeSH-minor] Colon, Sigmoid / pathology. Colonoscopy. Humans. Lymphatic Metastasis. Male. Middle Aged. Neoplasm Invasiveness

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  • (PMID = 17294320.001).
  • [ISSN] 0012-3706
  • [Journal-full-title] Diseases of the colon and rectum
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Dis. Colon Rectum
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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42. Widmaier U, Karrer M, Schoenberg MH: ["Fast-track" and elective, laparoscopic colo-rectal surgery]. Zentralbl Chir; 2007 Aug;132(4):342-8; discussion 348-9
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  • Diverticulitis (n = 114), malignant tumors of the sigmoid colon (n = 6) or rectal cancer (n = 13), colonic adenomas (n = 5), stenotic Crohn's disease (n = 4) and small bowel carcinoid (n = 1), rectal prolaps (n = 1) and elongated colon sigmoideum (n = 4) were indications for surgical treatment.
  • Laparoscopic sigmoid resection (n = 117), left hemicolectomy (n = 11), ileocecal resection (n = 8), anterior resection with total mesorectal excision (n = 9), abdomino-perineal exstirpation (n = 1) and anterior-segmental resection of the rectum (n = 1) were performed.
  • [MeSH-minor] Adenoma / surgery. Adult. Aged. Aged, 80 and over. Anesthesia, Epidural. Colonic Neoplasms / surgery. Crohn Disease / surgery. Diverticulitis, Colonic / surgery. Enteral Nutrition. Female. Humans. Length of Stay. Male. Middle Aged. Postoperative Care. Postoperative Complications. Preoperative Care. Prospective Studies. Rectal Neoplasms / surgery. Rectal Prolapse / surgery. Sigmoid Neoplasms / surgery. Treatment Outcome

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  • (PMID = 17724638.001).
  • [ISSN] 0044-409X
  • [Journal-full-title] Zentralblatt für Chirurgie
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Zentralbl Chir
  • [Language] ger
  • [Publication-type] Comparative Study; English Abstract; Evaluation Studies; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Germany
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43. Gupta NP, Ansari MS, Nabi G: National survey on orthotopic neobladder. Int Urol Nephrol; 2007;39(1):143-8
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  • Only three institutions used sigmoid colon.

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  • [Cites] J Wound Ostomy Continence Nurs. 1995 Jan;22(1):58-63 [7704145.001]
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  • (PMID = 17171422.001).
  • [ISSN] 0301-1623
  • [Journal-full-title] International urology and nephrology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Int Urol Nephrol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Netherlands
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44. Hensle TW, Shabsigh A, Shabsigh R, Reiley EA, Meyer-Bahlburg HF: Sexual function following bowel vaginoplasty. J Urol; 2006 Jun;175(6):2283-6
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  • Replacement vaginoplasty was done using sigmoid colon in 39 patients, ileum in 9 and cecum in 9.
  • For technical reasons we believe that colonic segments, particularly sigmoid, are preferable to small bowel.

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  • (PMID = 16697858.001).
  • [ISSN] 0022-5347
  • [Journal-full-title] The Journal of urology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Urol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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45. De Brabandere M, Mousa AG, Nulens A, Swinnen A, Van Limbergen E: Potential of dose optimisation in MRI-based PDR brachytherapy of cervix carcinoma. Radiother Oncol; 2008 Aug;88(2):217-26
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  • The GTV, HR-CTV and IR-CTV were retrospectively contoured, as well as the bladder, rectum and sigmoid colon.
  • The objectives were to lower the dose in the critical organs (<or= 85 Gy(alphabeta3) for bladder, <or= 75 Gy(alphabeta3) for rectum and sigmoid colon) and to increase the HR-CTV dose to D90 >or= 85 Gy(alphabeta10).
  • RESULTS: In the X-ray based plans, D(2cc) in bladder and sigmoid colon exceeded the tolerance doses in 10/16 and 7/16 patients, respectively.
  • The average D(2cc) dose reduction was 7+/-6 Gy(alphabeta3) in the bladder and 7+/-4 Gy(alphabeta3) in the sigmoid colon for those patients in which the dose constraint was initially exceeded.
  • [MeSH-minor] Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols / therapeutic use. Colon / radiation effects. Combined Modality Therapy. Female. Humans. Radiotherapy Dosage. Rectum / radiation effects. Retrospective Studies. Treatment Outcome. Urinary Bladder / radiation effects

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  • (PMID = 18037524.001).
  • [ISSN] 0167-8140
  • [Journal-full-title] Radiotherapy and oncology : journal of the European Society for Therapeutic Radiology and Oncology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Radiother Oncol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Ireland
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46. Hanson ME, Pickhardt PJ, Kim DH, Pfau PR: Anatomic factors predictive of incomplete colonoscopy based on findings at CT colonography. AJR Am J Roentgenol; 2007 Oct;189(4):774-9
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  • The interactive 3D colon map and 2D multiplanar reconstruction images from CTC were reviewed independently by two experienced gastrointestinal radiologists for colorectal length (total, sigmoid colon, and transverse colon), number of acute angle flexures (reflecting tortuosity), and advanced diverticular disease.
  • Significant differences were seen between the complete and incomplete optical colonoscopy groups, respectively, for all the CTC factors that were evaluated: total colorectal length (mean, 167.0 vs 210.8 cm; p < 0.0001), sigmoid colon length (mean, 48.7 vs 66.8 cm; p < 0.0001), transverse colon length (mean, 49.2 vs 66.3 cm; p < 0.0001), number of flexures (mean, 9.6 vs 11.9; p < 0.0001), and advanced diverticular disease (22.0% vs 34.0%; p <0.05).

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  • (PMID = 17885044.001).
  • [ISSN] 1546-3141
  • [Journal-full-title] AJR. American journal of roentgenology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] AJR Am J Roentgenol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Evaluation Studies; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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47. Watanabe M, Kou T, Nishikawa Y, Sakuma Y, Kumagai N, Oda Y, Kato Y, Kudo Y, Yamauchi A, Sugiura Y, Ohashi S, Asada M, Fukunaga T, Kawaguchi K, Yazumi S: Perforation of the sigmoid colon by an ingested fish bone. Intern Med; 2010;49(11):1041-2
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  • [Title] Perforation of the sigmoid colon by an ingested fish bone.
  • [MeSH-major] Bone and Bones. Colon, Sigmoid / injuries. Fishes. Foreign Bodies / diagnosis. Intestinal Perforation / diagnosis

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  • (PMID = 20519824.001).
  • [ISSN] 1349-7235
  • [Journal-full-title] Internal medicine (Tokyo, Japan)
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Intern. Med.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Japan
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48. Klarenbeek BR, Veenhof AA, Bergamaschi R, van der Peet DL, van den Broek WT, de Lange ES, Bemelman WA, Heres P, Lacy AM, Engel AF, Cuesta MA: Laparoscopic sigmoid resection for diverticulitis decreases major morbidity rates: a randomized control trial: short-term results of the Sigma Trial. Ann Surg; 2009 Jan;249(1):39-44
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  • [Title] Laparoscopic sigmoid resection for diverticulitis decreases major morbidity rates: a randomized control trial: short-term results of the Sigma Trial.
  • BACKGROUND: No randomized controlled trial has compared laparoscopic sigmoid resection (LSR) to open sigmoid resection (OSR) for symptomatic diverticulitis of the sigmoid colon.
  • Symptomatic diverticulitis of the sigmoid colon was defined as recurrent disease Hinchey I, IIa, IIb, symptomatic stricture, or severe rectal bleeding.
  • [MeSH-major] Diverticulitis / surgery. Laparoscopy. Postoperative Complications / epidemiology. Postoperative Complications / prevention & control. Sigmoid Diseases / surgery

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  • [CommentIn] Ann Surg. 2009 Sep;250(3):495-6; author reply 496 [19730181.001]
  • [CommentIn] Ann Surg. 2009 Sep;250(3):500-1; author reply 501-2 [19743532.001]
  • (PMID = 19106674.001).
  • [ISSN] 1528-1140
  • [Journal-full-title] Annals of surgery
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Ann. Surg.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Databank-accession-numbers] ISRCTN/ ISRCTN43911188
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Multicenter Study; Randomized Controlled Trial
  • [Publication-country] United States
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49. Southwell BR, Koh TL, Wong SQ, King SK, Ong SY, Lee M, Farmer PJ, Peck CJ, Sutcliffe JR, Stanton MP, Keck J, Cook DJ, Chow CW, Hutson JM: Decrease in nerve fibre density in human sigmoid colon circular muscle occurs with growth but not aging. Neurogastroenterol Motil; 2010 Apr;22(4):439-45, e106
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  • [Title] Decrease in nerve fibre density in human sigmoid colon circular muscle occurs with growth but not aging.
  • This study examined the density of nerve fibres containing these transmitters in sigmoid colon circular muscle from children and adults.
  • METHODS: Fluorescence immunohistochemistry using antibodies to neuronal NO synthase (nNOS), VIP and SP was performed on sigmoid colon from 18 adults with colorectal cancer, two children with familial adenomatous polyposis, and normal colon from nine children with Hirschsprung's disease.
  • KEY RESULTS: In the adult sigmoid colon circular muscle, the percentage area of nerve fibres containing nNOS>VIP>SP (6 : 2 : 1).
  • CONCLUSIONS & INFERENCES: In human sigmoid colon circular muscle, there are reductions in nNOS-, VIP- and SP-IR nerve fibre density with growth from newborn to late adolescence but little further change with aging.
  • [MeSH-major] Aging / physiology. Colon, Sigmoid / innervation. Muscle, Smooth / innervation. Nerve Fibers / metabolism

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  • (PMID = 19840272.001).
  • [ISSN] 1365-2982
  • [Journal-full-title] Neurogastroenterology and motility : the official journal of the European Gastrointestinal Motility Society
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Neurogastroenterol. Motil.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 33507-63-0 / Substance P; 37221-79-7 / Vasoactive Intestinal Peptide; EC 1.14.13.39 / Nitric Oxide Synthase Type I
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50. Murata K, Ide Y, Nagase H, Mukai R, Okada K, Ota H, Maruyama K, Yokouchi H, Hayashi M, Tanaka S, Oka A, Kinuta M: [A case of liver metastasis treated by cetuximab monotherapy with partial response]. Gan To Kagaku Ryoho; 2009 Nov;36(12):2155-7
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  • CASE: We report a case of liver metastasis of colon cancer effectively treated by cetuximab after the progression and prolonged neural toxicity of the prior chemotherapy including oxaliplatin and irinotecan.
  • A 61-year-old female suffered from unresectable multiple liver metastases of sigmoid colon cancer.
  • We investigated K-ras gene status on her colon cancer tissue previously resected, which showed a wild-type.
  • Her liver tumor showed a partial response evaluated with RECIST, and the status was maintained for more than four months.

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  • (PMID = 20037354.001).
  • [ISSN] 0385-0684
  • [Journal-full-title] Gan to kagaku ryoho. Cancer & chemotherapy
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Gan To Kagaku Ryoho
  • [Language] jpn
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Japan
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Antibodies, Monoclonal; 0 / Antibodies, Monoclonal, Humanized; 0 / Antineoplastic Agents; PQX0D8J21J / Cetuximab
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51. Nozawa H, Yamada Y, Muto Y, Arita S, Aisaka K: Pelvic actinomycosis presenting with a large abscess and bowel stenosis with marked response to conservative treatment: a case report. J Med Case Rep; 2007;1:141
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  • Moreover, the correct diagnosis can seldom be established before radical surgery because the disease often mimics pelvic neoplasms.
  • X-ray fluorography and sigmoidoscopy showed marked stenosis in the sigmoid colon but rejected the possibility of colon cancers.

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  • (PMID = 18031582.001).
  • [ISSN] 1752-1947
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of medical case reports
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Med Case Rep
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC2194704
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52. Oniţa M, Dumnici A, Hornung E, Papiu H, Tarţa C, Aiordachioaei G, Goldişs D, Oniţa C: [Temporary total fecal diversion--ultimate solution for complex recurrent anal fistula]. Chirurgia (Bucur); 2009 Nov-Dec;104(6):757-60
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  • [Transliterated title] Colostomie terminală temporară--soluţie extremă într-un caz de fistulă perianală complexă multirecidivată.
  • As a last resort, we decided to perform a terminal fecal diverting stoma at the level of sigmoid colon, with closure of distal end.
  • [MeSH-major] Colon, Sigmoid / surgery. Enterostomy. Rectal Fistula / surgery. Surgical Flaps

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  • (PMID = 20187479.001).
  • [ISSN] 1221-9118
  • [Journal-full-title] Chirurgia (Bucharest, Romania : 1990)
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Chirurgia (Bucur)
  • [Language] rum
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Romania
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53. Torrejón Reyes PN, Frisancho O, Gómez A, Yábar A: [Malignant peritoneal mesothelioma]. Rev Gastroenterol Peru; 2010 Jan-Mar;30(1):82-7
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  • The peritoneal mesothelioma is a rare pathology with unspecific symptoms reason to be a difficult diagnosis.
  • Cytology: mesothelial cells with changes of type reagent, Block cell for tumour cells: negative.
  • Colonoscopy: two small sessile polyps in sigmoid colon.

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  • (PMID = 20445731.001).
  • [ISSN] 1022-5129
  • [Journal-full-title] Revista de gastroenterología del Perú : órgano oficial de la Sociedad de Gastroenterología del Perú
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Rev Gastroenterol Peru
  • [Language] spa
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Peru
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54. Morelli L, Garbagna N, Rizzello F, Zonenschain D, Grossi E: In vivo association to human colon of Lactobacillus paracasei B21060: map from biopsies. Dig Liver Dis; 2006 Dec;38(12):894-8
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  • [Title] In vivo association to human colon of Lactobacillus paracasei B21060: map from biopsies.
  • Samples were recovered from the faeces and from the cecum, transverse, descending and sigmoid colon.
  • [MeSH-major] Bacterial Adhesion. Colon / microbiology. Lactobacillus / growth & development

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  • (PMID = 16987720.001).
  • [ISSN] 1590-8658
  • [Journal-full-title] Digestive and liver disease : official journal of the Italian Society of Gastroenterology and the Italian Association for the Study of the Liver
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Dig Liver Dis
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Clinical Trial; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] Netherlands
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 6Q205EH1VU / Vancomycin
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55. Wright J, Roy P, Linsell J: Be careful what you wish for: an ingested foreign body masquerading as cancer. BMJ Case Rep; 2010;2010
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  • We present a case in which a patient with suspected colorectal cancer, referred to the surgical outpatient clinic, was subsequently found to have a chicken wishbone apparently perforating the sigmoid colon.
  • This demonstrates the complexities of diagnosis and management of an unusual presentation of ingested foreign body.
  • This case is a useful learning point in consideration of differential diagnosis in the presentation of an apparently malignant lesion.
  • [MeSH-major] Colon, Sigmoid. Foreign Bodies / diagnosis. Intestinal Perforation / diagnosis. Sigmoid Neoplasms / diagnosis
  • [MeSH-minor] Biopsy, Needle. Colectomy / methods. Colostomy / methods. Diagnosis, Differential. Humans. Immunohistochemistry. Male. Middle Aged. Risk Assessment

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  • (PMID = 22767666.001).
  • [ISSN] 1757-790X
  • [Journal-full-title] BMJ case reports
  • [ISO-abbreviation] BMJ Case Rep
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC3030134
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56. Dickhoff C, Campo MM, Ophof PJ, Makkus AF, Tan KG, Plaisier PW: Urachus fistula: a rare first presentation of diverticulitis. Case Rep Gastroenterol; 2008;2(3):287-90
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  • We present a patient in whom an urachus fistula was the first presentation of diverticulitis of the sigmoid colon.

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  • (PMID = 21490857.001).
  • [ISSN] 1662-0631
  • [Journal-full-title] Case reports in gastroenterology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Case Rep Gastroenterol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Switzerland
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC3075185
  • [Keywords] NOTNLM ; Diverticulitis / Fistula / Umbilical / Urachus
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57. El-Sayed HM, El-Lamie IK, Ibrahim AM, El-Lamie KI: Vaginal reconstruction with sigmoid colon in vaginal agenesis. Int Urogynecol J Pelvic Floor Dysfunct; 2007 Sep;18(9):1043-7
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  • [Title] Vaginal reconstruction with sigmoid colon in vaginal agenesis.
  • This study was conducted to evaluate the anatomical and functional results of sigmoid colon vaginoplasty.
  • From June 2000 to June 2005, 26 patients with congenital vaginal agenesis were evaluated and treated with sigmoid colon reconstruction at Ain Shams University Maternity Hospital as a primary procedure in 17 patients and a secondary procedure in 9 patients after previous failed Abbe-McIndoe vaginoplasty elsewhere.
  • Sigmoid colon vaginoplasty has satisfactory long-term anatomical and functional results and should be considered as primary option for the treatment of vaginal agenesis.
  • [MeSH-major] Colon, Sigmoid / surgery. Gynecologic Surgical Procedures / methods. Vagina / abnormalities. Vagina / surgery

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  • (PMID = 17203327.001).
  • [Journal-full-title] International urogynecology journal and pelvic floor dysfunction
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Int Urogynecol J Pelvic Floor Dysfunct
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Evaluation Studies; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] England
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58. Gupta N, Pennell I, Hargovan H: Relief of catatonia associated with concurrent relief of sigmoid volvulus after electroconvulsive therapy. J ECT; 2010 Jun;26(2):134-5
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  • [Title] Relief of catatonia associated with concurrent relief of sigmoid volvulus after electroconvulsive therapy.
  • The marked emaciation associated with catatonia resulted in intestinal obstruction secondary to sigmoid volvulus.
  • This report highlights volvulus of the sigmoid colon as an unusual complication of catatonia.
  • [MeSH-major] Catatonia / complications. Colon, Sigmoid. Electroconvulsive Therapy. Intestinal Obstruction / complications

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  • (PMID = 20514697.001).
  • [ISSN] 1533-4112
  • [Journal-full-title] The journal of ECT
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J ECT
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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59. Shavers VL: Racial/ethnic variation in the anatomic subsite location of in situ and invasive cancers of the colon. J Natl Med Assoc; 2007 Jul;99(7):733-48
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  • [Title] Racial/ethnic variation in the anatomic subsite location of in situ and invasive cancers of the colon.
  • Racial differences in the subsite location of colon cancers could have implications for colorectal screening.
  • This study examines the anatomic subsite distribution of tumors among African-American, Hispanic, Asian-American/Pacific-Islander and non-Hispanic white (NHW) patients with colon cancer.
  • METHODS: Surveillance and End Results program data for 254,469 primary in situ and invasive colon cancers for patients from 1973-2002 are included in this analysis.
  • Descriptive analyses and logistic regression are used to describe and examine variations in the proportion of colon cancers diagnosed at sites proximal to the sigmoid colon or proximal to the splenic flexure over three successive time periods.
  • RESULTS: The proportion of colon cancers diagnosed at the sigmoid colon was 15.6-21.3% lower, while diagnoses at the descending colon were 40.5.0-45.3.0% higher for African Americans than NHWs over the three time periods.
  • In logistic regression analyses adjusted for gender, age group and year of diagnosis, the odds of a diagnosis of cancer proximal to the sigmoid colon or proximal to the splenic flexure was significantly higher for African Americans but lower for Hispanics and Asian Americans/Pacific Islanders compared to NHWs.
  • They also highlight the need for systems that collect data that would allow a direct examination of the role that the differential use of specific colon screening tests and polypectomy play in racial/ethnic variation in colon cancer incidence and in the anatomic subsite distribution of colon cancers.
  • [MeSH-major] African Americans / statistics & numerical data. Colon / pathology. Colorectal Neoplasms / ethnology. European Continental Ancestry Group / statistics & numerical data

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  • (PMID = 17668639.001).
  • [ISSN] 1943-4693
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of the National Medical Association
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Natl Med Assoc
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Comparative Study; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC2574358
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61. Khwaja HA, Zakaria R, Wilde JM: Necrotising fasciitis of the lower limb due to diverticular disease of the sigmoid colon. Int J Colorectal Dis; 2010 Sep;25(9):1145-6
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  • [Title] Necrotising fasciitis of the lower limb due to diverticular disease of the sigmoid colon.
  • [MeSH-major] Bacterial Infections / etiology. Colon, Sigmoid / pathology. Diverticulum, Colon / complications. Fasciitis, Necrotizing / etiology. Thigh / pathology


62. Ash L, Baker ME, O'Malley CM Jr, Gordon SM, Delaney CP, Obuchowski NA: Colonic abnormalities on CT in adult hospitalized patients with Clostridium difficile colitis: prevalence and significance of findings. AJR Am J Roentgenol; 2006 May;186(5):1393-400
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  • OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to determine the prevalence of an abnormal colon on CT in adult inpatients with Clostridium difficile colitis, compare the clinical presentation of these patients, and determine whether CT findings predicted the need for surgical treatment.
  • MATERIALS AND METHODS: Over a 21-month period, 152 of 572 inpatients with C. difficile colitis were identified and had CT scans performed within 2 weeks of the diagnosis.
  • Those with colonic wall thickness greater than 4 mm were considered positive (CT-positive patients) and were further reviewed for specific findings in the colon.
  • These patients most often had segmental involvement (50 [66%] of 76 patients), with the rectum (60 [82%] of 73 patients) and sigmoid colon (61 [82%] of 74 patients) most often affected.

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  • (PMID = 16632736.001).
  • [ISSN] 1546-3141
  • [Journal-full-title] AJR. American journal of roentgenology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] AJR Am J Roentgenol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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63. Takemasa I, Sekimoto M, Ikeda M, Mizushima T, Yamamoto H, Doki Y, Mori M: Video. Transumbilical single-incision laparoscopic surgery for sigmoid colon cancer. Surg Endosc; 2010 Sep;24(9):2321
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Video. Transumbilical single-incision laparoscopic surgery for sigmoid colon cancer.
  • The authors describe an index case of curatively intended resection of early-stage sigmoid colon cancer using this technique [2, 3].
  • The sigmoid colon was mobilized using a medial approach.
  • Altogether, 20 cm of sigmoid was resected with negative tumor margins, and 14 lymph nodes were harvested.
  • [MeSH-major] Colectomy / methods. Colon, Sigmoid / surgery. Colonic Neoplasms / surgery. Laparoscopy / methods
  • [MeSH-minor] Aged. Female. Humans. Neoplasm Staging. Umbilicus

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  • [Cites] Int J Colorectal Dis. 2008 Oct;23(10):1013-6 [18607608.001]
  • [Cites] Colorectal Dis. 2008 Oct;10(8):823-6 [18684153.001]
  • [Cites] Surg Endosc. 2009 Jul;23(7):1419-27 [19347400.001]
  • (PMID = 20177919.001).
  • [ISSN] 1432-2218
  • [Journal-full-title] Surgical endoscopy
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Surg Endosc
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article; Video-Audio Media
  • [Publication-country] Germany
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64. Elabsi M, Amraoui M, Elouannani M, Echarab M, Elalami el HF, Errougani A, Chkof MR: Colorectal intussusception secondary to sigmoid carcinoma in an adult. South Med J; 2007 Oct;100(10):1039-41
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  • [Title] Colorectal intussusception secondary to sigmoid carcinoma in an adult.
  • Although intussusception is relatively common in children, it is clinically rare in adults A 54-year-old woman who presented with cramping abdominal pain and rectal bleeding was found to have sigmoid rectal intussusception secondary to adenomatous polyps of the sigmoid colon.
  • [MeSH-major] Adenocarcinoma / complications. Intussusception / etiology. Sigmoid Diseases / etiology. Sigmoid Neoplasms / complications

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  • [CommentIn] South Med J. 2007 Oct;100(10):973-4 [17943038.001]
  • (PMID = 17943052.001).
  • [ISSN] 0038-4348
  • [Journal-full-title] Southern medical journal
  • [ISO-abbreviation] South. Med. J.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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65. Kim SM, Han SW, Choi SH: Left colonic antegrade continence enema: experience gained from 19 cases. J Pediatr Surg; 2006 Oct;41(10):1750-4
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • PURPOSE: As problems have developed with the right colonic antegrade continence enema procedure (Malone's procedure/Monti's retubularized ileocolostomy), left colonic antegrade continence enema (LACE) procedure, in which retubularized ileum or sigmoid colon is anastomosed into the sigmoid colon, has gained popularity.
  • Most common diagnosis was meningomyelocele (78.9%, 15/19).
  • [MeSH-major] Colon / surgery. Digestive System Surgical Procedures / methods. Enema / methods. Fecal Incontinence / therapy

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  • (PMID = 17011282.001).
  • [ISSN] 1531-5037
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of pediatric surgery
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Pediatr. Surg.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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66. Lee CG, Lim YJ, Choi JS, Lee JH: Filiform polyposis in the sigmoid colon: a case series. World J Gastroenterol; 2010 May 21;16(19):2443-7
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  • [Title] Filiform polyposis in the sigmoid colon: a case series.
  • We report seven interesting cases of polyposis with various pathologic components, mainly located in the left side of the colon with no associated inflammatory bowel disease, intestinal tuberculosis or histiocytosis X.
  • Multiple finger-like polypoid lesions with the appearance of stalactites were noted on the left side of the colon, especially in the sigmoid area, at the time of colonoscopy.
  • Although filiform polyposis localized in the sigmoid colon appears not to have high oncogenic potential, periodic follow-up seems to be needed.
  • [MeSH-major] Colon, Sigmoid / pathology. Colonic Polyps / pathology. Intestinal Polyposis / pathology

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  • (PMID = 20480534.001).
  • [ISSN] 2219-2840
  • [Journal-full-title] World journal of gastroenterology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] World J. Gastroenterol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] China
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC2874153
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67. Watanabe H, Iwase H, Suzuki Y, Uchida Y, Watanabe T, Sugitani M: Gallbladder reefing for cholelithiasis as a complication of colon cancer. Hepatogastroenterology; 2005 Jan-Feb;52(61):48-51
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  • [Title] Gallbladder reefing for cholelithiasis as a complication of colon cancer.
  • In an 83-year-old woman presenting with gallstones and a cancer in the sigmoid colon, resection was performed through a median incision, after which the wound was extended, the stones were crushed, and the gallbladder was infolded and sutured (reefed).
  • [MeSH-major] Cholecystolithiasis / etiology. Cholecystolithiasis / surgery. Gallbladder / surgery. Sigmoid Neoplasms / complications. Suture Techniques

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  • (PMID = 15782992.001).
  • [ISSN] 0172-6390
  • [Journal-full-title] Hepato-gastroenterology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Hepatogastroenterology
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Greece
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68. Qiao L, Chen CS, Zhang SC: [Expression and activity of fatty acid amide hydrolase in the colon in children with slow transit constipation]. Zhonghua Wei Chang Wai Ke Za Zhi; 2010 Jan;13(1):52-6
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] [Expression and activity of fatty acid amide hydrolase in the colon in children with slow transit constipation].
  • OBJECTIVE: To investigate the expression and activity of fatty acid amide hydrolase (FAAH) in the colon and its role in children with slow transit constipation (STC).
  • Western blotting, immunohistochemistry and real-time PCR were used to examine the FAAH expression in surgical specimen of colon.
  • The biological activity of colon FAAH was detected by high-performance liquid chromatography.
  • RESULTS: Western blotting revealed that FAAH protein expression in the ascending colon, descending colon and sigmoid colon were significantly decreased in the myenteric neurons and absorption cells in the constipation group as compared with the control group (8.68+/-3.4 vs 10.47+/-3.7, 8.21+/-1.2 vs 9.95+/-6.4, 8.01+/-7.2 vs 9.79+/-3.4, all P<0.05).
  • The FAAH hydrolysis activity in the ascending colon, descending colon or sigmoid colon decreased significantly in the constipation group, as compared with the control group [(0.51+/-0.23) nmol x min(-1) x mg(-1) vs (0.84+/-0.24) nmol x min(-1) x mg(-1), (0.39+/-0.25) nmol x min(-1) x mg(-1) vs (0.55+/-0.44) nmol x min(-1) x mg(-1), (0.35+/-0.37) nmol x min(-1) x mg(-1) vs (0.58+/-0.48) nmol x min(-1) x mg(-1), all P<0.05].
  • CONCLUSION: FAAH expression and hydrolysis activity in the colon decrease in children with STC.
  • [MeSH-major] Amidohydrolases / metabolism. Colon / metabolism. Constipation / metabolism

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  • (PMID = 20099163.001).
  • [ISSN] 1671-0274
  • [Journal-full-title] Zhonghua wei chang wai ke za zhi = Chinese journal of gastrointestinal surgery
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Zhonghua Wei Chang Wai Ke Za Zhi
  • [Language] chi
  • [Publication-type] English Abstract; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] China
  • [Chemical-registry-number] EC 3.5.- / Amidohydrolases; EC 3.5.1.- / fatty-acid amide hydrolase
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69. Tokunaga M, Tanabe Y, Nasu T, Abe Y, Mitsuyama S, Toyoshima S: [A case of peritoneal disseminated sigmoid colon cancer with liver metastasis responding to S-1]. Gan To Kagaku Ryoho; 2008 Jul;35(7):1217-20
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  • [Title] [A case of peritoneal disseminated sigmoid colon cancer with liver metastasis responding to S-1].
  • In October 2004, a 73-year-old man underwent loop ileostomy because of unresectable peritoneal disseminated sigmoid colon cancer with liver metastasis.
  • S-1 is expected to be an effective agent for the treatment of colon cancer.
  • [MeSH-major] Liver Neoplasms / drug therapy. Liver Neoplasms / secondary. Oxonic Acid / therapeutic use. Peritoneal Neoplasms / drug therapy. Peritoneal Neoplasms / secondary. Sigmoid Neoplasms / drug therapy. Sigmoid Neoplasms / pathology. Tegafur / therapeutic use
  • [MeSH-minor] Aged. Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols / therapeutic use. Biomarkers, Tumor / blood. Drug Combinations. Humans. Male. Tomography, X-Ray Computed. Treatment Failure

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  • (PMID = 18633267.001).
  • [ISSN] 0385-0684
  • [Journal-full-title] Gan to kagaku ryoho. Cancer & chemotherapy
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Gan To Kagaku Ryoho
  • [Language] jpn
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Japan
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Biomarkers, Tumor; 0 / Drug Combinations; 150863-82-4 / S 1 (combination); 1548R74NSZ / Tegafur; 5VT6420TIG / Oxonic Acid
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70. Zezos P, Oikonomou A, Souftas V, Gkotsis D, Pitiakoudis M, Kouklakis G: Endoscopic removal of a toothpick perforating the sigmoid colon and causing chronic abdominal pain: a case report. Cases J; 2009;2:8469
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  • [Title] Endoscopic removal of a toothpick perforating the sigmoid colon and causing chronic abdominal pain: a case report.
  • Perforation due to foreign body ingestion must be considered in the differential diagnosis in patients presenting with unexplained symptoms and findings, even when they do not recall any foreign body ingestion.

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  • [Cites] Colorectal Dis. 2008 Sep;10(7):701-7 [18005196.001]
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  • (PMID = 19918434.001).
  • [ISSN] 1757-1626
  • [Journal-full-title] Cases journal
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Cases J
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC2769444
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71. Liem NT, Hau BD: Primary laparoscopic endorectal colon pull-through for Hirschsprung's disease: early results of 61 cases. Asian J Surg; 2006 Jul;29(3):173-5
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  • [Title] Primary laparoscopic endorectal colon pull-through for Hirschsprung's disease: early results of 61 cases.
  • OBJECTIVE: To report early results after a one-stage laparoscopic endorectal colon pull-through for Hirschsprung's disease (HD).
  • METHODS: Between January 2002 and June 2004, 61 patients underwent primary laparoscopic-assisted endorectal colon pull-through procedure for HD.
  • RESULTS: The aganglionic segment was located in the rectum in 33 patients, in the sigmoid colon in 27 patients and in the left colon in one patient.
  • CONCLUSION: One-stage laparoscopic-assisted colon pull-through is a safe and effective procedure for HD.

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  • (PMID = 16877219.001).
  • [ISSN] 1015-9584
  • [Journal-full-title] Asian journal of surgery
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Asian J Surg
  • [Language] ENG
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] China
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72. Ai M, Yamaguchi T, Odaka T, Mitsuhashi K, Shishido T, Yan J, Seza A, Saisho H: Objective assessment of the antispasmodic effect of shakuyaku-kanzo-to (TJ-68), a Chinese herbal medicine, on the colonic wall by direct spraying during colonoscopy. World J Gastroenterol; 2006 Feb 7;12(5):760-4
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  • The endoscope was inserted into the sigmoid colon, then a spastic region was identified and the tip of the colonoscope was positioned at a distance of about 10 mm from the spastic region.
  • [MeSH-major] Colon / drug effects. Drugs, Chinese Herbal / pharmacology. Parasympatholytics / pharmacology

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  • (PMID = 16521190.001).
  • [ISSN] 1007-9327
  • [Journal-full-title] World journal of gastroenterology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] World J. Gastroenterol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Randomized Controlled Trial
  • [Publication-country] China
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Drug Combinations; 0 / Drugs, Chinese Herbal; 0 / Parasympatholytics; 0 / shakuyaku-kanzoh-toh
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC4066127
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73. Brunner W, Schirnhofer J, Waldstein-Wartenberg N, Frass R, Weiss H: Single incision laparoscopic sigmoid colon resections without visible scar: a novel technique. Colorectal Dis; 2010 Jan;12(1):66-70
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Single incision laparoscopic sigmoid colon resections without visible scar: a novel technique.
  • METHOD: Two female patients (Age: 56a, 42a) underwent laparoscopic colorectal resection for diverticulitis and infiltrating endometriosis of the rectosigmoid colon, respectively.
  • CONCLUSION: For the first time, a novel laparoscopic technique for sigmoid colon resection utilizing a single intraumbilical approach is presented.

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  • (PMID = 19508527.001).
  • [ISSN] 1463-1318
  • [Journal-full-title] Colorectal disease : the official journal of the Association of Coloproctology of Great Britain and Ireland
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Colorectal Dis
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] England
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74. Dong Y, Wang J, Sheng Z, Li G, Ma H, Wang X, Zhang R, Lu G, Hu Q, Sugimura H, Zhou X: Downregulation of EphA1 in colorectal carcinomas correlates with invasion and metastasis. Mod Pathol; 2009 Jan;22(1):151-60
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  • In the present study, quantitative real-time reverse-transcriptase PCR was performed to detect the expression of EphA1 transcript in 5 colon cancer cell lines and 75 colorectal carcinomas.
  • Reduced expression of EphA1 protein occurred more often in male patients (P=0.028) and in patients with poor differentiation (P=0.027), greater depth of wall invasion (P=0.003), lymph node metastasis (P=0.034), and advanced tumor stage (P=0.003).
  • Reduced EphA1 expression in patients over 55 years or with rectal cancers and sigmoid colon cancers is associated with a poor overall survival (P=0.034 and 0.015, respectively).
  • [MeSH-major] Colorectal Neoplasms / genetics. Colorectal Neoplasms / pathology. Neoplasm Invasiveness / genetics. Neoplasm Metastasis / genetics. Receptor, EphA1 / biosynthesis
  • [MeSH-minor] Adenocarcinoma / genetics. Adenocarcinoma / pathology. Adenoma / genetics. Adenoma / pathology. Adult. Age Factors. Aged. Aged, 80 and over. Cell Line, Tumor. Disease Progression. Down-Regulation. Female. Humans. Immunohistochemistry. Male. Middle Aged. Neoplasm Staging. Reverse Transcriptase Polymerase Chain Reaction

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  • (PMID = 19011600.001).
  • [ISSN] 1530-0285
  • [Journal-full-title] Modern pathology : an official journal of the United States and Canadian Academy of Pathology, Inc
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Mod. Pathol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] EC 2.7.10.1 / Receptor, EphA1
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75. Ami K, Taira M, Ganno H, Kawasaki N, Ohbu M, Fukuda A, Nagahama T, Ito T, Ando M: [Two cases of colon cancer after resection of recurrence at peritoneal dissemination were for long-term survival with adjuvant chemotherapy]. Gan To Kagaku Ryoho; 2007 Nov;34(12):2044-6
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  • [Title] [Two cases of colon cancer after resection of recurrence at peritoneal dissemination were for long-term survival with adjuvant chemotherapy].
  • The diagnosis for the range of dissemination was difficult.
  • We experienced with two recurrent colon cancer patients who underwent resection of peritoneal dissemination and adjuvant chemotherapy.
  • He was operated for left colectomy against descending colon cancer with perforation.
  • She was operated on sigmidectomy against sigmoid colon cancer.
  • [MeSH-major] Neoplasm Recurrence, Local / drug therapy. Neoplasm Recurrence, Local / secondary. Peritoneal Neoplasms / drug therapy. Peritoneal Neoplasms / secondary. Rectal Neoplasms / drug therapy. Sigmoid Neoplasms / drug therapy

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  • (PMID = 18219893.001).
  • [ISSN] 0385-0684
  • [Journal-full-title] Gan to kagaku ryoho. Cancer & chemotherapy
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Gan To Kagaku Ryoho
  • [Language] jpn
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Japan
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76. Matsuoka H, Masaki T, Sugiyama M, Atomi Y: Pudendal nerve terminal motor latency in evaluation of evacuatory disorder following low anterior resection for rectal carcinoma. Hepatogastroenterology; 2007 Jul-Aug;54(77):1426-9
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  • [Title] Pudendal nerve terminal motor latency in evaluation of evacuatory disorder following low anterior resection for rectal carcinoma.
  • However, there has been no report clarifying the impact of sphincter-preserving operation for colorectal carcinoma on the pudendal nerve and its relation to postoperative evacuatory disorder.
  • METHODOLOGY: Twenty-three consecutive patients undergoing resection for rectal or sigmoid colon carcinoma were assessed with patient questionnaire, anorectal manometry, and pudendal nerve terminal motor latency study (PNTML) before and 6 months after surgery.
  • RESULTS: Eleven patients (48%) had postoperative evacuatory disorder.
  • The prevalence of lower anastomosis was significantly higher in the evacuatory disorder group.
  • In manometry, maximum tolerable volume and neorectal capacity were significantly smaller in the evacuatory disorder group than in the nonevacuatory disorder group.
  • Five patients showed bilateral and 2 patients showed unilateral absence of PNTML in the evacuatory disorder group postoperatively.
  • Multivarite analysis revealed that low anastomosis (p < 0.001) was a significant risk factor for postoperative evacuatory disorder.
  • The absence of bilateral or unilateral PNTML tended to be an affecting factor for evacuatory disorder (p = 0.06).
  • CONCLUSIONS: Low level anastomosis was an independent risk factor for postoperative evacuatory disorder.
  • The implication of absence of PNTML in evacuatory disorder awaits further study.

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  • (PMID = 17708269.001).
  • [ISSN] 0172-6390
  • [Journal-full-title] Hepato-gastroenterology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Hepatogastroenterology
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Greece
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77. Sengar AR, Kulkarni JN: Growing teratoma syndrome in a post laparoscopic excision of ovarian immature teratoma. J Gynecol Oncol; 2010 Jun;21(2):129-31
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  • Post-chemotherapy AFP normalized but tumor size increased.
  • CT-scan (abdomen-pelvis) showed a large pelvic mass with calcification specks; infiltrating the sigmoid colon and abdominal wall.
  • With provisional diagnosis of growing teratoma syndrome she had exploratory laparotomy with excision of pelvic mass along with sigmoid colon, excision of right pelvic and subcutaneous deposits, omentectomy and sigmoid anastomosis.
  • Growing teratoma syndrome is a clinico-pathological presentation during/post-chemotherapy in malignant ovarian germ cell tumor where mature teratoma grows and requires complete surgical excision.
  • Our case highlights the safety and adequacy concerns of laparoscopic management of malignant ovarian tumor.

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  • (PMID = 20613905.001).
  • [ISSN] 2005-0399
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of gynecologic oncology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Gynecol Oncol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Korea (South)
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC2895713
  • [Keywords] NOTNLM ; Chemotherapy / Growing teratoma syndrome / Immature teratoma / Laparoscopy / Malignant ovarian germ cell tumor / Salpingo-oophorectomy
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78. Klarenbeek BR, Veenhof AA, de Lange ES, Bemelman WA, Bergamaschi R, Heres P, Lacy AM, van den Broek WT, van der Peet DL, Cuesta MA: The Sigma-trial protocol: a prospective double-blind multi-centre comparison of laparoscopic versus open elective sigmoid resection in patients with symptomatic diverticulitis. BMC Surg; 2007;7:16
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  • [Title] The Sigma-trial protocol: a prospective double-blind multi-centre comparison of laparoscopic versus open elective sigmoid resection in patients with symptomatic diverticulitis.
  • In order to prevent a high-risk acute operation it is advised to perform elective sigmoid resection after two episodes of diverticulitis in the elderly patient or after one episode in the younger (< 50 years) patient.
  • Open sigmoid resection is still the gold standard, but laparoscopic colon resections seem to have certain advantages over open procedures.
  • The Sigma-trial is designed to evaluate the presumed advantages of laparoscopic over open sigmoid resections in patients with symptomatic diverticulitis.
  • The diagnosis is confirmed by CT-scan, barium enema and/or coloscopy.
  • It is required that the participating surgeons have performed at least 15 laparoscopic and open sigmoid resections.
  • Sigmoid and colon which contain serosal changes or induration are removed and a tension free anastomosis is created.
  • DISCUSSION: The Sigma-trial is a prospective, multi-center, double-blind, randomized study to define the role of laparoscopic sigmoid resection in patients with symptomatic diverticulitis.
  • [MeSH-major] Colectomy / methods. Colon, Sigmoid / surgery. Diverticulitis, Colonic / surgery. Elective Surgical Procedures / methods. Laparoscopy. Laparotomy
  • [MeSH-minor] Double-Blind Method. Follow-Up Studies. Humans. Middle Aged. Pain / diagnosis. Pain / prevention & control. Pain Measurement. Prospective Studies. Treatment Outcome

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  • (PMID = 17683563.001).
  • [ISSN] 1471-2482
  • [Journal-full-title] BMC surgery
  • [ISO-abbreviation] BMC Surg
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Comparative Study; Journal Article; Multicenter Study; Randomized Controlled Trial
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC1955435
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79. Larsson JM, Karlsson H, Sjövall H, Hansson GC: A complex, but uniform O-glycosylation of the human MUC2 mucin from colonic biopsies analyzed by nanoLC/MSn. Glycobiology; 2009 Jul;19(7):756-66
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  • By combining a straight-forward and fast preparation protocol of mucins with high-throughput nanoLC/MS, we have been able to study the O-glycosylation of the colon MUC2 mucin from one single biopsy (approximately 5 mg wet tissue as starting material) collected from the sigmoid colon during routine colonoscopy of 25 normal control patients.
  • The aim was to identify the MUC2 O-glycans of the sigmoid colon and provide a comprehensive catalog of the O-glycan repertoire.
  • In contrast to the O-glycans of other mucins, the sigmoid MUC2 O-glycan repertoire and relative amounts in normal individuals were relatively constant.
  • [MeSH-major] Colon / anatomy & histology. Mucin-2 / metabolism. Nanotechnology / methods

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  • [ErratumIn] Glycobiology. 2009 Dec;19(12):1568-9
  • (PMID = 19321523.001).
  • [ISSN] 1460-2423
  • [Journal-full-title] Glycobiology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Glycobiology
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Mucin-2
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80. El-Serag HB, Nurgalieva Z, Souza RF, Shaw C, Darlington G: Is genomic evaluation feasible in endoscopic studies of Barrett's esophagus? A pilot study. Gastrointest Endosc; 2006 Jul;64(1):17-26
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  • PATIENTS: We collected endoscopic biopsies from BE, normal esophagus, antrum, duodenum, and sigmoid colon from 5 patients with BE.
  • MAIN OUTCOME MEASUREMENTS: Gene expression profiles in BE tissues and 4 control sites: squamous esophagus, antrum, duodenum, sigmoid colon.
  • [MeSH-major] Barrett Esophagus / diagnosis. Barrett Esophagus / genetics. Gene Expression Profiling. Oligonucleotide Array Sequence Analysis

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  • [CommentIn] Gastrointest Endosc. 2006 Jul;64(1):27-8 [16813798.001]
  • (PMID = 16813797.001).
  • [ISSN] 0016-5107
  • [Journal-full-title] Gastrointestinal endoscopy
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Gastrointest. Endosc.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Grant] United States / NIDDK NIH HHS / DK / DK 56338
  • [Publication-type] Comparative Study; Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.
  • [Publication-country] United States
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81. Fazeli MS, Keramati MR, Lebaschi AH, Bashashati M: Extensive subcutaneous emphysema due to colonic perforation following colonoscopy. J Coll Physicians Surg Pak; 2009 Jun;19(6):383-5
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  • In this report, a 54-year-old woman with sigmoid colon perforation following colonoscopy is described.

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  • (PMID = 19486580.001).
  • [ISSN] 1022-386X
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of the College of Physicians and Surgeons--Pakistan : JCPSP
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Coll Physicians Surg Pak
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Pakistan
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82. Piaggio L, Myers S, Figueroa TE, Barthold JS, González R: Influence of type of conduit and site of implantation on the outcome of continent catheterizable channels. J Pediatr Urol; 2007 Jun;3(3):230-4
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  • We analyzed the type of channel, site of implantation, complications requiring re-operation, and the revision rate according to type of CCC, type of stoma, site of implantation (bladder vs. augmentation) and segment used for augmentation (ileum vs. sigmoid colon).
  • Of these, 33 CCC were constructed with appendix and eight with a Yang-Monti technique (4 ileal, 4 sigmoid); 31 patients also had an enterocystoplasty (19 sigmoid, 9 ileal and 3 others).

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  • (PMID = 18947741.001).
  • [ISSN] 1873-4898
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of pediatric urology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Pediatr Urol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] England
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83. Bassotti G, Battaglia E, De Roberto G, Morelli A, Tonini M, Villanacci V: Alterations in colonic motility and relationship to pain in colonic diverticulosis. Clin Gastroenterol Hepatol; 2005 Mar;3(3):248-53
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  • BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Although the pathophysiologic basis of colonic diverticular disease is understood incompletely, there is agreement that abnormal colon motility probably plays a major role.
  • In both groups, the 2- or 3-cycles-per-minute activity represented more than 80% of such activity, especially in the sigmoid colon.
  • [MeSH-major] Abdominal Pain / etiology. Diverticulum, Colon / complications. Diverticulum, Colon / physiopathology
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Aged. Colon / physiopathology. Female. Gastrointestinal Motility / physiology. Humans. Male. Manometry. Middle Aged

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  • (PMID = 15765444.001).
  • [ISSN] 1542-3565
  • [Journal-full-title] Clinical gastroenterology and hepatology : the official clinical practice journal of the American Gastroenterological Association
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Clin. Gastroenterol. Hepatol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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84. Bergheim I, Bode C, Parlesak A: Distribution of cytochrome P450 2C, 2E1, 3A4, and 3A5 in human colon mucosa. BMC Clin Pharmacol; 2005;5:4
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  • [Title] Distribution of cytochrome P450 2C, 2E1, 3A4, and 3A5 in human colon mucosa.
  • BACKGROUND: Despite the fact that the alimentary tract is part of the body's first line of defense against orally ingested xenobiotica, little is known about the distribution and expression of cytochrome P450 (CYP) enzymes in human colon.
  • Therefore, expression and protein levels of four representative CYPs (CYP2C(8), CYP2E1, CYP3A4, and CYP3A5) were determined in human colon mucosa biopsies obtained from ascending, descending and sigmoid colon.
  • METHODS: Expression of CYP2C, CYP2E1, CYP3A4, and CYP3A5 mRNA in colon mucosa was determined by RT-PCR.
  • However, expression of CYP2C mRNA levels were significantly higher in the ascending colon than in the sigmoid colon.
  • In contrast, mRNA levels of CYP2E1 and CYP3A5 were significantly lower in the ascending colon in comparison to the descending and sigmoid colon.
  • In sigmoid colon protein levels of CYP2C8 were significantly higher by ~73% than in the descending colon.
  • In contrast, protein concentration of CYP2E1 was significantly lower by ~81% in the sigmoid colon in comparison to the descending colon.
  • CONCLUSION: The current data suggest that the expression of CYP2C, CYP2E1, and CYP3A5 varies in different parts of the colon.
  • [MeSH-major] Colon / enzymology. Cytochrome P-450 CYP2E1 / pharmacokinetics. Cytochrome P-450 Enzyme System / pharmacokinetics. Intestinal Mucosa / enzymology
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Aged. Aged, 80 and over. Colon, Ascending / enzymology. Colon, Descending / enzymology. Colon, Sigmoid / enzymology. Cytochrome P-450 CYP3A. Female. Gene Expression Regulation, Enzymologic / physiology. Humans. Male. Middle Aged

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  • (PMID = 16253141.001).
  • [ISSN] 1472-6904
  • [Journal-full-title] BMC clinical pharmacology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] BMC Clin Pharmacol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Comparative Study; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / cytochrome P-450 CYP2C subfamily; 9035-51-2 / Cytochrome P-450 Enzyme System; EC 1.14.13.- / Cytochrome P-450 CYP2E1; EC 1.14.13.67 / CYP3A4 protein, human; EC 1.14.14.1 / CYP3A protein, human; EC 1.14.14.1 / CYP3A5 protein, human; EC 1.14.14.1 / Cytochrome P-450 CYP3A
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC1291361
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85. Takahashi A, Tomomasa T, Kaneko H, Hatori R, Ishige T, Suzuki M, Mochiki E, Morikawa A, Kuwano H: In vivo recording of colonic motility in conscious rats with deficiency of interstitial cells of Cajal, with special reference to the effects of nitric oxide on colonic motility. J Gastroenterol; 2005 Nov;40(11):1043-8
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  • METHODS: Miniature strain-gauge force transducers were sutured on the surface of the ascending and sigmoid colon of Ws/Ws rats and +/+ rats as controls.
  • RESULTS: In +/+ rats, there were contractions with high amplitude and long duration in both the ascending and sigmoid colon.
  • The number, amplitude, and duration of contractions in the ascending colon were 9.9/20 min, 6.1 g, and 22.7 s, respectively.
  • These findings in the sigmoid colon were 5.2/20 min, 5.2 g, and 23.0 s, respectively.
  • The number of contractions in the ascending and sigmoid colon in Ws/Ws rats (2.3 and 1.0/20 min) was significantly lower than that in +/+ rats (P < 0.05).
  • The number of contractions in the ascending and sigmoid colon in +/+ rats (9.7 and 5.1/20 min before treatment) was significantly increased by L-NAME administration (28.7 and 13.9/40-60 min after treatment; P < 0.05), but that in Ws/Ws rats was not influenced.
  • The number of contractions in the ascending and sigmoid colon in +/+ rats (10.2 and 5.2/20 min before treatment) was significantly decreased by L-arginine administration (3.6 and 2.1/40-60 min after treatment; P < 0.05), but that in Ws/Ws rats was not influenced.
  • [MeSH-major] Colon, Sigmoid / cytology. Colon, Sigmoid / physiology. Gastrointestinal Motility / physiology. Nitric Oxide / physiology
  • [MeSH-minor] Animals. Arginine / pharmacology. Colon, Ascending / cytology. Colon, Ascending / physiology. Male. Muscle Contraction / drug effects. Muscle Contraction / physiology. NG-Nitroarginine Methyl Ester / pharmacology. Nitric Oxide Synthase / antagonists & inhibitors. Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-kit / metabolism. Rats. Rats, Inbred Strains

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  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Gastroenterol.
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86. Akaraviputh T, Arunakul S, Lohsiriwat V, Iramaneerat C, Trakarnsanga A: Surgery for gastrointestinal malignant melanoma: experience from surgical training center. World J Gastroenterol; 2010 Feb 14;16(6):745-8
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  • Seven patients had primary melanomas of the anal canal, stomach and the sigmoid colon (5, 1 and 1 cases, respectively).
  • Six patients had distant metastatic lesions at the time of diagnosis, which made curative resection an inappropriate choice.

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  • [ISSN] 2219-2840
  • [Journal-full-title] World journal of gastroenterology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] World J. Gastroenterol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] China
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC2817064
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87. Aksoy M, Yanar H, Taviloglu K, Ertekin C, Ayalp K, Yanar F, Guloglu R, Kurtoglu M: Rupture of abdominal aortic aneurysm into sigmoid colon: a case report. World J Gastroenterol; 2006 Dec 14;12(46):7549-50
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  • [Title] Rupture of abdominal aortic aneurysm into sigmoid colon: a case report.
  • Primary aorto-colic fistula is a spontaneous rupture of abdominal aortic aneurysm into the lumen of the adjacent colon loop.
  • The fistulated sigmoid colon was repaired by end-to-end anastomosis.
  • [MeSH-major] Aortic Aneurysm, Abdominal / diagnosis. Aortic Rupture / diagnosis
  • [MeSH-minor] Fatal Outcome. Humans. Intestinal Fistula / diagnosis. Intestinal Fistula / surgery. Male. Middle Aged. Sigmoid Diseases / diagnosis. Sigmoid Diseases / surgery. Vascular Fistula / diagnosis. Vascular Fistula / surgery

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88. Sznurkowski JJ, Emerich J: Endometriomas are more frequent on the left side. Acta Obstet Gynecol Scand; 2008;87(1):104-6
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  • This predisposition may be caused by the presence of the sigmoid colon in the left side of the pelvis, which decreases peritoneal fluid movement.

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  • (PMID = 17943469.001).
  • [ISSN] 1600-0412
  • [Journal-full-title] Acta obstetricia et gynecologica Scandinavica
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Acta Obstet Gynecol Scand
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Denmark
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89. Huang KS, Wang NL, Liu YP: Cystic lymphatic malformation of the pelvis mimicking seminal vesicle cysts. J Pediatr Surg; 2010 Jul;45(7):1559-61
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  • The boy underwent surgical excision, and the histopathology confirmed the mass as a cystic lymphatic malformation originating from the mesentery of the sigmoid colon.
  • [MeSH-major] Colon, Sigmoid. Cysts / diagnosis. Lymphatic Abnormalities / diagnosis. Mesentery. Seminal Vesicles
  • [MeSH-minor] Child. Diagnosis, Differential. Humans. Male

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  • [Copyright] Copyright 2010 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
  • (PMID = 20638545.001).
  • [ISSN] 1531-5037
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of pediatric surgery
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Pediatr. Surg.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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90. Mane SB, Shastri P, Dhende NP, Obaidah A, Acharya H, Reddy S, Arlikar J, Goel N: Our 10-year experience of variable Müllerian anomalies and its management. Pediatr Surg Int; 2010 Aug;26(8):795-800
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  • Sigmoid colon vaginoplasty is an excellent procedure for complete or partial Müllerian agenesis.

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91. Makino H, Kametaka H, Yasuno K, Koyama T, Seike K: [The effectiveness of reduction surgery and gemcitabine for multiple bowel obstructions due to peritoneal dissemination of pancreatic carcinoma with liver metastasis--a case report]. Gan To Kagaku Ryoho; 2009 Nov;36(12):2416-8
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  • Due to peritoneal dissemination, severe stenosis and dilatation of the small intestine, stenosis of the ascending and sigmoid colon was admitted.
  • After 3 months, the tumor markers normalized.

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  • (PMID = 20037441.001).
  • [ISSN] 0385-0684
  • [Journal-full-title] Gan to kagaku ryoho. Cancer & chemotherapy
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Gan To Kagaku Ryoho
  • [Language] jpn
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Japan
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Antimetabolites, Antineoplastic; 0W860991D6 / Deoxycytidine; B76N6SBZ8R / gemcitabine
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92. Hamer HM, Jonkers DM, Bast A, Vanhoutvin SA, Fischer MA, Kodde A, Troost FJ, Venema K, Brummer RJ: Butyrate modulates oxidative stress in the colonic mucosa of healthy humans. Clin Nutr; 2009 Feb;28(1):88-93
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • After each treatment, a blood sample was taken and mucosal biopsies were obtained from the sigmoid colon.
  • CONCLUSIONS: This study demonstrated that butyrate is able to beneficially affect oxidative stress in the healthy human colon.
  • [MeSH-major] Butyrates / pharmacology. Colon / drug effects. Glutathione / metabolism. Intestinal Mucosa / metabolism. Oxidative Stress / drug effects. Uric Acid / metabolism

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  • (PMID = 19108937.001).
  • [ISSN] 1532-1983
  • [Journal-full-title] Clinical nutrition (Edinburgh, Scotland)
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Clin Nutr
  • [Language] eng
  • [Databank-accession-numbers] ClinicalTrials.gov/ NCT00693355
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Randomized Controlled Trial; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Butyrates; 0 / Thiobarbituric Acid Reactive Substances; 268B43MJ25 / Uric Acid; GAN16C9B8O / Glutathione
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93. Jones NA, Morton MF, Prendergast CE, Powell GL, Shankley NP, Hollingsworth SJ: Neuromedin U stimulates contraction of human long saphenous vein and gastrointestinal smooth muscle in vitro. Regul Pept; 2006 Sep 11;136(1-3):109-16
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  • We have examined the contractile effects of NMU-25 on human smooth muscles of the gastrointestinal (GI) tract (ascending colon, gallbladder) and long saphenous vein (LSV) using in vitro organ bath bioassays.
  • From LSV, ileum, gallbladder, caecum and colon, NMU receptor transcripts were amplified by RT-PCR and expression levels were determined by semi-quantitative scanning densitometry.
  • NMU-25 produced a concentration-dependent, sustained contraction of isolated smooth muscle (p[A](50)+/-s.e.m., ascending colon, 8.93+/-0.18; gallbladder, 7.01+/-0.15; LSV, 8.67+/-0.09).
  • NMU1 and NMU2 receptor transcription was detected in all tissues; transcription of both receptors was similar in gallbladder, but NMU1 receptor transcription was predominant in the sigmoid colon and LSV.
  • [MeSH-minor] Colon / metabolism. Densitometry. Gallbladder / metabolism. Humans. Intestines / metabolism. Muscle Contraction. RNA / metabolism. Reverse Transcriptase Polymerase Chain Reaction. Transcription, Genetic


94. Patel MV, Patel KB, Gupta SN: Effects of Ayurvedic treatment on forty-three patients of ulcerative colitis. Ayu; 2010 Oct;31(4):478-81
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  • The main features are ano-rectal bleeding with increased frequency of bowel evacuation, general debility and with abnormal structural pathology in the descending colon, particularly sigmoid colon.

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  • (PMID = 22048543.001).
  • [ISSN] 0976-9382
  • [Journal-full-title] Ayu
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Ayu
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] India
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC3202252
  • [Keywords] NOTNLM ; Ayurveda / Basti karma / Udumbara kvatha basti / ulcerative colitis
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95. Ali FE, Al-Busairi WA, Esbaita EY, Al-Bustan MA: Chronic perforation of the sigmoid colon by foreign body. Curr Surg; 2005 Jul-Aug;62(4):419-22
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Chronic perforation of the sigmoid colon by foreign body.
  • We present a case of a nonverbal mentally retarded boy with a flat piece of plastic impacted in the sigmoid colon, the colonoscopic extraction of which failed.
  • He underwent laparotomy more than a year later to remove the FB, where chronic perforation of the sigmoid colon was discovered.
  • The perforation was sealed with extensive adhesions to the pelvic wall, and histologically, the colon showed a chronic granulomatous reaction.
  • We discuss the types, presentations, and diagnosis of intestinal perforation with FBs.
  • [MeSH-major] Colon, Sigmoid. Foreign Bodies / complications. Intestinal Perforation / etiology. Sigmoid Diseases / etiology

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  • (PMID = 15964468.001).
  • [ISSN] 0149-7944
  • [Journal-full-title] Current surgery
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Curr Surg
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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96. Marioni G, De Filippis C, Ottaviano G, Lorusso M, Staffieri C, Bernini G, Blandamura S: Laryngeal metastasis from sigmoid colon adenocarcinoma followed by peristomal recurrence. Acta Otolaryngol; 2006 Jun;126(6):661-3
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  • [Title] Laryngeal metastasis from sigmoid colon adenocarcinoma followed by peristomal recurrence.
  • We present the first case of sigmoid colon adenocarcinoma metastasis to the larynx in a patient who developed peristomal malignancy recurrence after total laryngectomy.
  • [MeSH-major] Adenocarcinoma / secondary. Laryngeal Neoplasms / secondary. Laryngectomy. Neoplasm Recurrence, Local / diagnosis. Sigmoid Neoplasms / diagnosis. Tracheostomy

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  • (PMID = 16720454.001).
  • [ISSN] 0001-6489
  • [Journal-full-title] Acta oto-laryngologica
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Acta Otolaryngol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Norway
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97. Kornprat P, Langner C, Mohadjer D, J Mischinger H: Chicken-bone perforation of a sigmoid colon diverticulum into the right groin and subsequent phlegmonous inflammation of the abdominal wall. Wien Klin Wochenschr; 2009;121(5-6):220-2
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Chicken-bone perforation of a sigmoid colon diverticulum into the right groin and subsequent phlegmonous inflammation of the abdominal wall.
  • The sigmoid and descending colon are most commonly involved.
  • In a small percentage of cases ingestion of foreign bodies can cause perforation of the sigmoid diverticulum.
  • We report an 82-year-old woman with perforation of a sigmoid diverticulum into the right groin with subsequent phlegmonous inflammation of the abdominal wall.
  • [MeSH-major] Diverticulosis, Colonic / surgery. Food / adverse effects. Foreign Bodies / diagnosis. Foreign Bodies / surgery. Intestinal Perforation / diagnosis. Intestinal Perforation / surgery. Sigmoid Diseases / surgery

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  • (PMID = 19412753.001).
  • [ISSN] 0043-5325
  • [Journal-full-title] Wiener klinische Wochenschrift
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Wien. Klin. Wochenschr.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Austria
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98. Grabysa R, Łowczak R, Kubiak M, Kowalczyk M, Zaborowski P: Toothpick impaction in the sigmoid colon as a cause of chronic abdominal pain. Endoscopy; 2010;42 Suppl 2:E203
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Toothpick impaction in the sigmoid colon as a cause of chronic abdominal pain.
  • [MeSH-major] Colon, Sigmoid. Foreign Bodies

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  • (PMID = 20845272.001).
  • [ISSN] 1438-8812
  • [Journal-full-title] Endoscopy
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Endoscopy
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Germany
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99. Rana R, Nikolaidis P, Miller F: Calcified gastrointestinal stromal tumor of the sigmoid colon mimicking inspissated barium on CT. AJR Am J Roentgenol; 2006 Sep;187(3):W322-3
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Calcified gastrointestinal stromal tumor of the sigmoid colon mimicking inspissated barium on CT.
  • [MeSH-major] Calcinosis / radiography. Gastrointestinal Stromal Tumors / radiography. Sigmoid Neoplasms / radiography
  • [MeSH-minor] Artifacts. Barium / adverse effects. Diagnosis, Differential. Female. Humans. Middle Aged. Tomography, X-Ray Computed

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  • (PMID = 16928913.001).
  • [ISSN] 1546-3141
  • [Journal-full-title] AJR. American journal of roentgenology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] AJR Am J Roentgenol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 24GP945V5T / Barium
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100. Wilkinson TR, Wilkinson AR: Perforated diverticulum of the transverse colon. Saudi J Gastroenterol; 2007 Oct-Dec;13(4):194-6
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Perforated diverticulum of the transverse colon.
  • Diverticula on the left side of the colon, especially in the sigmoid colon are a common occurrence in the West.
  • Diverticula of the transverse colon are very rare with very few cases reported in literature.
  • We report a case of perforated true diverticulum of the transverse colon in a sixty-two year-old lady.

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  • (PMID = 19858646.001).
  • [ISSN] 1998-4049
  • [Journal-full-title] Saudi journal of gastroenterology : official journal of the Saudi Gastroenterology Association
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Saudi J Gastroenterol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Saudi Arabia
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