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1. Hisamatsu E, Sekido N, Tsutsumi M, Ishikawa S: A case of a large inguinoscrotal bladder hernia secondary to benign prostatic obstruction. Hinyokika Kiyo; 2005 Jun;51(6):393-7
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  • [Title] A case of a large inguinoscrotal bladder hernia secondary to benign prostatic obstruction.
  • Large bladder hernias protruding into the scrotum are rare, with 23 cases having been reported previously in Japan.
  • We report a case of a patient with a bladder hernia secondary to benign prostatic obstruction who demonstrated a unique voiding procedure.
  • The patient manually compressed his scrotum at micturition to facilitate bladder emptying.
  • [MeSH-major] Hernia, Inguinal / etiology. Prostatectomy. Prostatic Hyperplasia / complications. Scrotum. Urinary Bladder Diseases / etiology

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  • (PMID = 16050479.001).
  • [ISSN] 0018-1994
  • [Journal-full-title] Hinyokika kiyo. Acta urologica Japonica
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Hinyokika Kiyo
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Japan
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2. Alvarez-Twose I, Vano-Galvan S, Calvo-Villas JM, Carreter E, Piqué E, Palacios S: Metastatic cutaneous plasmacytoma presenting as a perianal giant mass. Dermatol Online J; 2008;14(9):17
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  • There are 4 types of plasma-cell neoplasia: classic multiple myeloma (MM), extramedullary plasmacytoma without MM, solitary plasmacytoma of bone, and plasma-cell leukemia.
  • Cutaneous involvement may be seen in all 4 types of plasma-cell neoplasia.
  • It usually occurs in late stages of MM as a reflection of increased tumor cell burden.
  • Unusual localizations have been described related to MCP, including scrotum, eyelid and tongue.

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  • (PMID = 19061599.001).
  • [ISSN] 1087-2108
  • [Journal-full-title] Dermatology online journal
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Dermatol. Online J.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Letter
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 5J49Q6B70F / Vincristine; 7S5I7G3JQL / Dexamethasone; 80168379AG / Doxorubicin; VAD protocol
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3. Shah V, Shet T: Scrotal calcinosis results from calcification of cysts derived from hair follicles: a series of 20 cases evaluating the spectrum of changes resulting in scrotal calcinosis. Am J Dermatopathol; 2007 Apr;29(2):172-5
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  • [Title] Scrotal calcinosis results from calcification of cysts derived from hair follicles: a series of 20 cases evaluating the spectrum of changes resulting in scrotal calcinosis.
  • Scrotal calcinosis is a rare disorder characterized by multiple papules or nodules of calcification in the scrotal skin.
  • The etiology of this entity is speculative largely as a result of the paucity of larger series.This study of 20 patients with scrotal calcinosis was undertaken to critically analyze the histology with a view to assess the probable etiology of this lesion.
  • Of these, 11 patients (55%) were asymptomatic and 9 complained of symptoms related to the breakdown of these lesions (eg, discharge, itching, or heaviness in the scrotum).
  • All cases showed classical histologic features of scrotal calcinosis with a variable amount of calcification in the dermis.
  • Based on these observations we conclude that scrotal calcinosis results from calcification of hair follicular or epidermal cysts, but as most of the cases report, this epithelium disappears and may not be seen.
  • [MeSH-major] Calcinosis / etiology. Epidermal Cyst / pathology. Genital Diseases, Male / pathology. Hair Follicle / pathology. Scrotum / pathology. Skin Diseases / pathology

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  • (PMID = 17414441.001).
  • [ISSN] 0193-1091
  • [Journal-full-title] The American Journal of dermatopathology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Am J Dermatopathol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 68238-35-7 / Keratins
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4. Staempfli S, Janett F, Burger D, Kündig H, Imboden I, Hässig M, Thun R: Effect of exercise and suspensory on scrotal surface temperature in the stallion. Theriogenology; 2006 Dec;66(9):2120-6
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  • [Title] Effect of exercise and suspensory on scrotal surface temperature in the stallion.
  • In this study, the effect of exercise (treadmill, riding) on scrotal surface temperature (SST) in the stallion with and without suspensory was evaluated.
  • For SST measurements, special thermistors were developed and affixed to the most ventral part of the scrotum over each testis.
  • [MeSH-major] Body Temperature Regulation / physiology. Horses / physiology. Physical Conditioning, Animal / physiology. Scrotum / physiology. Testis / physiology

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  • (PMID = 16876858.001).
  • [ISSN] 0093-691X
  • [Journal-full-title] Theriogenology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Theriogenology
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 33X04XA5AT / Lactic Acid
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5. Long Y, Zhu H, Cai Z, Li A, Chen X, Long D: [Reconstruction of urethra partial defect with scrotal flap]. Zhongguo Xiu Fu Chong Jian Wai Ke Za Zhi; 2006 Mar;20(3):229-31
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  • [Title] [Reconstruction of urethra partial defect with scrotal flap].
  • OBJECTIVE: To introduce the application of the scrotal flap on reconstructing partial urethra defect.
  • METHODS: From March 1998 to August 2004, 31 patients with urethra defect were treated with scrotal flap.
  • Nine cases were classified as penile type, 10 cases as penoscrotal type, 7 cases as scrotal type (3 children in association with cleft scrotum) and 5 cases as perineal type because of pseudohermaphroditism.
  • Urethroplasty was given by scrotal fascia vascular net flap to reconstruct urethra defect.
  • CONCLUSION: Urethroplasty with scrotal fascia vascular net flap is an ideal method for the partial defect urethra.

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  • (PMID = 16579228.001).
  • [ISSN] 1002-1892
  • [Journal-full-title] Zhongguo xiu fu chong jian wai ke za zhi = Zhongguo xiufu chongjian waike zazhi = Chinese journal of reparative and reconstructive surgery
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Zhongguo Xiu Fu Chong Jian Wai Ke Za Zhi
  • [Language] chi
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; English Abstract; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] China
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6. Luetjens CM, Stukenborg JB, Nieschlag E, Simoni M, Wistuba J: Complete spermatogenesis in orthotopic but not in ectopic transplants of autologously grafted marmoset testicular tissue. Endocrinology; 2008 Apr;149(4):1736-47
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  • A second experiment in castrated immature animals examined whether the transplantation site [ectopic (back skin) or orthotopic (scrotum)] influences spermatogenic progress and whether cryopreserved tissue can be successfully transplanted.
  • When ectopic and orthotopic transplantation sites were compared, the scrotum has a substantially lower temperature.

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  • (PMID = 18174281.001).
  • [ISSN] 0013-7227
  • [Journal-full-title] Endocrinology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Endocrinology
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 3XMK78S47O / Testosterone
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7. Brisson P, Feins N, Patel H: Torsion of the epididymis. J Pediatr Surg; 2005 Nov;40(11):1795-7
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  • Our 11-year-old patient presented with an acute scrotum and Doppler ultrasound that suggested epididymitis.
  • Painful symptoms required scrotal exploration with the finding of a torsion and infarction of the epididymis.
  • [MeSH-minor] Cryptorchidism. Humans. Infarction. Male. Scrotum / pathology. Scrotum / ultrasonography. Torsion Abnormality

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  • (PMID = 16291173.001).
  • [ISSN] 1531-5037
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of pediatric surgery
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Pediatr. Surg.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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8. Holterhus PM, Deppe U, Werner R, Richter-Unruh A, Bebermeier JH, Wünsch L, Krege S, Schweikert HU, Demeter J, Riepe F, Hiort O, Brooks JD: Intrinsic androgen-dependent gene expression patterns revealed by comparison of genital fibroblasts from normal males and individuals with complete and partial androgen insensitivity syndrome. BMC Genomics; 2007 Oct 18;8:376
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  • To minimize the influence of topology, we compared gene expression patterns of fibroblasts derived from identical urogenital anlagen: the scrotum in normally virilized 46, XY males and the labia majora from completely feminized 46, XY individuals with CAIS.
  • RESULTS: 612 transcripts representing 440 unique genes differed significantly in expression levels between scrotum and CAIS labia majora, suggesting the effects of androgen programming.


9. Ioan DM, Fryns JP: Kabuki syndrome: description of a 2-year old Roumanian boy and review of the literature. Genet Couns; 2007;18(1):113-7
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  • We report on a 2-year-old boy presenting the cardinal features of the Kabuky syndrome i.e. peculiar face, short stature moderate mental retardation, padded fingers, padded toes and shawl scrotum.

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  • (PMID = 17515307.001).
  • [ISSN] 1015-8146
  • [Journal-full-title] Genetic counseling (Geneva, Switzerland)
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Genet. Couns.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] Switzerland
  • [Number-of-references] 17
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10. Karaçal N, Livaoglu M, Kutlu N, Arvas L: Scrotum reconstruction with neurovascular pedicled pudendal thigh flaps. Urology; 2007 Jul;70(1):170-2
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  • [Title] Scrotum reconstruction with neurovascular pedicled pudendal thigh flaps.
  • INTRODUCTION: Scrotal defects resulting from many factors, including accidents, Fournier's gangrene, and gunshot injuries, present difficulties in management and reconstruction.
  • In unsuitable conditions that prevent primary closure of the scrotal skin, thigh flaps may be used.
  • TECHNICAL CONSIDERATIONS: Proximally based neurovascular pudendal thigh flaps were used in 10 scrotal defects.
  • CONCLUSIONS: Neurovascular pudendal thigh flaps are an excellent reconstructive choice for scrotal defects because of being sensate and having minimal donor-site morbidity.
  • [MeSH-major] Reconstructive Surgical Procedures / methods. Scrotum / surgery. Surgical Flaps

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  • (PMID = 17656232.001).
  • [ISSN] 1527-9995
  • [Journal-full-title] Urology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Urology
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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11. Bozgeyik Z, Kocakoç E, Oztürk T: Polyorchidism with lobulation and septa in supernumerary testis. Diagn Interv Radiol; 2008 Jun;14(2):100-2
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  • Polyorchidism is a rare anomaly of the genitourinary system which is defined as the presence of more than two testes within the scrotum.

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  • (PMID = 18553285.001).
  • [ISSN] 1305-3612
  • [Journal-full-title] Diagnostic and interventional radiology (Ankara, Turkey)
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Diagn Interv Radiol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Turkey
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12. Parikh TB, Nanavati RN, Udani RH: Noma neonatorum. Indian J Pediatr; 2006 May;73(5):439-40
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  • Noma Neonatorum is characterized by a gangrenous process involving mucocutaneous junctions of oral, nasal and anal area and occasionally, the eyelids and scrotum.

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  • [Cites] Indian Pediatr. 1977 Sep;14(9):709-14 [612627.001]
  • [Cites] Lancet. 1978 Aug 5;2(8084):289-91 [79084.001]
  • [Cites] Int J Oral Maxillofac Surg. 1987 Oct;16(5):626-9 [3116121.001]
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  • [Cites] Lancet Infect Dis. 2003 Jul;3(7):419-31 [12837347.001]
  • (PMID = 16741334.001).
  • [ISSN] 0973-7693
  • [Journal-full-title] Indian journal of pediatrics
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Indian J Pediatr
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] India
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13. Hagiuda J, Matsumoto M, Hanawa Y, Ishikawa H, Marumo K: [Adenocarcinoma of the rete testis. A case report]. Nihon Hinyokika Gakkai Zasshi; 2010 Nov;101(7):749-53
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  • Adenocarcinoma of the rete testis is a rare malignant tumor with a poor prognosis.
  • The diagnosis is often difficult and made incidentally.
  • Our patient was an 80-year-old man who presented with painless scrotal swelling for 2 years.
  • Physical examination revealed an enlarged, hard mass of the left scrotum.
  • After 4 months, the patient presented with appetite loss, general fatigue, and pain in the left scrotum.
  • Positron emission tomography (PET) was performed in another hospital, and the patient was referred for a left testicular tumor, multiple lung metastases, and para-aorta lymph node metastasis.
  • Histological examination revealed adenocarcinoma in the hilum of the testis, which extended to the subcutaneous tissue but not to the surface of the scrotum.
  • After the histological diagnosis of adenocarcinoma of the rete testis was confirmed, computed tomography (CT) was performed and showed multiple pulmonary nodules and para-aortica lymph node swelling of 3 cm diameter.
  • Because the patient did not wish to receive chemotherapy or other aggressive treatment, he has been followed-up with palliative care since his diagnosis.
  • Although local recurrence has occurred 4 months later, he is still alive for 8 months since his diagnosis.
  • [MeSH-minor] Aged, 80 and over. Humans. Lung Neoplasms / diagnosis. Lung Neoplasms / secondary. Lymphatic Metastasis. Magnetic Resonance Imaging. Male. Orchiectomy. Palliative Care. Positron-Emission Tomography. Tomography, X-Ray Computed

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  • (PMID = 21174741.001).
  • [ISSN] 0021-5287
  • [Journal-full-title] Nihon Hinyōkika Gakkai zasshi. The japanese journal of urology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Nippon Hinyokika Gakkai Zasshi
  • [Language] jpn
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Japan
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14. Zuppa AA, Nanni L, Di Gregorio F, Visintini F, Buonuomo V, Pintus C: Complete epididymal separation presenting as polyorchidism. J Clin Ultrasound; 2006 Jun;34(5):258-60
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  • Two homogeneous structures were observed in the scrotum of a newborn boy in addition to a third structure.
  • Polyorchidism was suspected, but follow-up sonographic studies showed a decrease in the echogenicity of the left scrotal structure.
  • [MeSH-minor] Diagnosis, Differential. Humans. Infant. Male. Rare Diseases

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  • (PMID = 16673372.001).
  • [ISSN] 0091-2751
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of clinical ultrasound : JCU
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Clin Ultrasound
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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15. Sidwell RU, Rouse P, Owen RA, Green JS: Granular cell tumor of the scrotum in a child with Noonan syndrome. Pediatr Dermatol; 2008 May-Jun;25(3):341-3
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  • [Title] Granular cell tumor of the scrotum in a child with Noonan syndrome.
  • Granular cell tumor is a rare neoplasm thought to be of neural origin, composed of cells with distinctive granular cytoplasm.
  • We report a granular cell tumor of the scrotum in a child with Noonan syndrome, known to have a mutation in the PTPN11 gene.
  • No previous reports of granular cell tumor of the scrotum in a child are found.
  • The tumor is usually benign; however, it can have a high local recurrence rate (variable between 2% and 50% dependent on whether initial excision is complete and on the occurrence of an infiltrative growth pattern) and therefore long-term follow-up is necessary.
  • This case highlights the occurrence of granular cell tumor, a diagnosis not to be missed by the dermatologist.
  • In addition, we postulate the possible role of PTPN11 mutations in the development of granular cell tumor.
  • [MeSH-major] Genital Neoplasms, Male / genetics. Granular Cell Tumor / genetics. Mutation. Noonan Syndrome / complications. Protein Tyrosine Phosphatase, Non-Receptor Type 11 / genetics
  • [MeSH-minor] Child. Humans. Immunohistochemistry. Male. Scrotum / pathology

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  • (PMID = 18577039.001).
  • [ISSN] 1525-1470
  • [Journal-full-title] Pediatric dermatology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Pediatr Dermatol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] EC 3.1.3.48 / PTPN11 protein, human; EC 3.1.3.48 / Protein Tyrosine Phosphatase, Non-Receptor Type 11
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16. Soomro S, Mughal SA: Perineal ectopic testis - a rare encounter in paediatric surgical practice. J Coll Physicians Surg Pak; 2008 Jun;18(6):386-7
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  • Surgery was performed in both cases and testicles were mobilized and fixed in the scrotum.
  • Examination of patient with empty scrotum (maldescent testes) should include examination of sites like perineum to look for ectopic testis.

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  • (PMID = 18760056.001).
  • [ISSN] 1022-386X
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of the College of Physicians and Surgeons--Pakistan : JCPSP
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Coll Physicians Surg Pak
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Pakistan
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17. Védrine L, Houlgatte A: [A scrotal tumefaction]. Rev Med Interne; 2008 Mar;29(3):238-9
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] [A scrotal tumefaction].
  • [Transliterated title] Un volumineux scrotum.

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  • (PMID = 17566613.001).
  • [ISSN] 0248-8663
  • [Journal-full-title] La Revue de medecine interne
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Rev Med Interne
  • [Language] FRE
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] France
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18. Pepe P, Panella P, Pennisi M, Aragona F: Does color Doppler sonography improve the clinical assessment of patients with acute scrotum? Eur J Radiol; 2006 Oct;60(1):120-4
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Does color Doppler sonography improve the clinical assessment of patients with acute scrotum?
  • INTRODUCTION AND OBJECTIVES: Our experience concerning the use of color Doppler sonography (CDS) in the differential diagnosis of acute scrotum is reported.
  • MATERIAL AND METHODS: From July 2000 to July 2005, 155 patients (median 17.2 years) were admitted with a diagnosis of acute scrotum (unilateral in 150 cases, bilateral in 5).
  • Along with a careful anamnesis and the physical exam, all patients underwent a CDS study of the scrotal content using a sonograph GE Logiq 500 with a multifrequency (7.5-10 MHz) linear probe Small Part.
  • RESULTS: The results only refer to the 150 patients (300 testis) with acute monolateral scrotum.
  • The clinical picture and the physical exam suggested a torsion of the spermatic cord in 40 cases, a spontaneous de-torsion in 5, an orchiepididymitis in 80, a blunt scrotal trauma in 15, a bulky epididymal cyst or a hydrocele in 4 and a testicular pain of unknown etiology in the remaining 6 cases.
  • Fifty-three patients underwent surgical exploration: among 42 patients with a presumptive diagnosis of testicular torsion, the diagnosis was confirmed in 22 cases, no anomaly was found in 16 cases and in 4 patients a torsion of testicular appendix was found.
  • The rupture of the tunica albuginea was present in six out of seven patients submitted to surgical exploration for previous blunt trauma and the sonographic diagnosis of hematocele was documented in all cases.
  • The single false-negative diagnosis of testicular torsion in CDS occurred in an 18-month-old child.
  • In the pre-operative assessment of scrotal trauma, the B-mode US showed a sensitivity and specificity of 100% and 90%, respectively; the color Doppler analysis has not supplied with additional elements for planning a surgical exploration.
  • DISCUSSION AND CONCLUSIONS: In our experience CDS is an indispensable imaging modality for the clinical assessment of patients with acute scrotum; however, the informations it can afford are operator-dependent and have to be supported by the history and physical exam of the patient.
  • [MeSH-major] Echocardiography, Doppler, Color / methods. Echocardiography, Doppler, Color / statistics & numerical data. Image Enhancement / methods. Outcome Assessment (Health Care) / methods. Scrotum / ultrasonography. Spermatic Cord Torsion / epidemiology. Spermatic Cord Torsion / ultrasonography

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  • (PMID = 16730939.001).
  • [ISSN] 0720-048X
  • [Journal-full-title] European journal of radiology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Eur J Radiol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] Ireland
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19. Challacombe B, Wheatstone S, Dickinson I: Re-exploration of the acute scrotum. BJU Int; 2006 Aug;98(2):465
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  • [Title] Re-exploration of the acute scrotum.
  • [MeSH-major] Scrotum / surgery. Testicular Diseases / surgery

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  • [CommentOn] BJU Int. 2006 Feb;97(2):364-6 [16430648.001]
  • (PMID = 16879700.001).
  • [ISSN] 1464-4096
  • [Journal-full-title] BJU international
  • [ISO-abbreviation] BJU Int.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Comment; Letter
  • [Publication-country] England
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20. Fan H, Zhu D, Liu F, Wang H, Liu L: [Rebuilding of scrotum in gangrene]. Zhongguo Xiu Fu Chong Jian Wai Ke Za Zhi; 2006 Mar;20(3):235-7
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  • [Title] [Rebuilding of scrotum in gangrene].
  • OBJECTIVE: To study diagnosis, treatment and rebuilding of scrotum gangrene.
  • METHODS: From January 1992 to September 2004, 15 patients with scrotum gangrene were treated and their clinical data were analysed.
  • All the patients received scrotum rebuilding by transfer of skin flap, skin grafting and saturation and orchiectomy was given in 2 elder patients.
  • After a follow-up of 1 to 3 years, the appearance of scrotum was satisfactory and no orchiatrophy occurred.
  • CONCLUSION: After a definite diagnosis, early aggressive debridement, broad-spectrum antibiotics and sufficient local drainage should be used.
  • Scrotum should be rebuilt based on different conditions.
  • [MeSH-major] Genital Diseases, Male / surgery. Scrotum / pathology. Scrotum / surgery

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  • (PMID = 16579230.001).
  • [ISSN] 1002-1892
  • [Journal-full-title] Zhongguo xiu fu chong jian wai ke za zhi = Zhongguo xiufu chongjian waike zazhi = Chinese journal of reparative and reconstructive surgery
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Zhongguo Xiu Fu Chong Jian Wai Ke Za Zhi
  • [Language] chi
  • [Publication-type] English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] China
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21. Hart JL, Lloyd C, Niewiarowski S, Harvey CJ: Ultrasound imaging of the scrotum. Br J Hosp Med (Lond); 2008 Feb;69(2):M18-21
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Ultrasound imaging of the scrotum.
  • [MeSH-major] Scrotum / ultrasonography. Testicular Diseases / ultrasonography

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  • (PMID = 18386733.001).
  • [ISSN] 1750-8460
  • [Journal-full-title] British journal of hospital medicine (London, England : 2005)
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Br J Hosp Med (Lond)
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Number-of-references] 11
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22. Rossi R, Rübben H: [Affections of the external genitalia and their management]. Urologe A; 2010 Dec;49(12):1485-9
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  • [Transliterated title] Affektionen des äußeren Genitale und deren Versorgung.
  • The diagnosis of genital lesions is in most cases the result of clinical inspection.
  • Our work focuses on the acute scrotum, genital trauma and cancer of the external genitalia.
  • [MeSH-major] Genital Diseases, Male / diagnosis. Genital Diseases, Male / therapy. Genitalia, Male / diagnostic imaging. Genitalia, Male / pathology

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  • [Cites] Am J Surg. 2005 Apr;189(4):462-6 [15820462.001]
  • [Cites] Eur Urol. 2006 Oct;50(4):838-43 [16513250.001]
  • [Cites] Ann Chir Gynaecol. 2000;89 Suppl 214:7-36 [11288993.001]
  • [Cites] Int J Urol. 2006 Jul;13(7):960-7 [16882063.001]
  • [Cites] Actas Urol Esp. 2009 Sep;33(8):873-80 [19900381.001]
  • [Cites] Int J Urol. 2005 Dec;12(12):1041-4 [16409607.001]
  • [Cites] Am Surg. 2002 Aug;68(8):709-13 [12206606.001]
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  • [Cites] Urology. 2000 Jul;56(1):31-5; discussion 35-6 [10869615.001]
  • [Cites] Urology. 2004 Aug;64(2):218-22 [15302463.001]
  • (PMID = 21113573.001).
  • [ISSN] 1433-0563
  • [Journal-full-title] Der Urologe. Ausg. A
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Urologe A
  • [Language] ger
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Germany
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23. Okoro I, Anele A: Scrotal cystocele in a 2-year-old Nigerian child. J Pediatr Surg; 2009 Sep;44(9):e19-20
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  • [Title] Scrotal cystocele in a 2-year-old Nigerian child.
  • Total herniation of the urinary bladder into the scrotum, also known as scrotal cystocele, is a rare condition.
  • We report a case of scrotal cystocele in a 2-year-old Nigerian child with no evidence of obstructive uropathy.
  • The diagnosis was made at operation.
  • [MeSH-major] Cystocele / diagnosis. Cystocele / surgery. Scrotum / surgery

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  • (PMID = 19735803.001).
  • [ISSN] 1531-5037
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of pediatric surgery
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Pediatr. Surg.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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24. Sapp CM, DeSimone P: Palmar-plantar erythrodysesthesia associated with scrotal and penile involvement with capecitabine. Clin Colorectal Cancer; 2007 Jan;6(5):382-5
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  • [Title] Palmar-plantar erythrodysesthesia associated with scrotal and penile involvement with capecitabine.
  • Based on a careful review of the literature, no reported cases of erythema, ulceration, and swelling that involves the penis and scrotum have been described in association with capecitabine.
  • The following 2 cases illustrate palmar-plantar erythrodysesthesia with scrotal and penile involvement secondary to capecitabine.
  • [MeSH-major] Antimetabolites, Antineoplastic / adverse effects. Colorectal Neoplasms / drug therapy. Deoxycytidine / analogs & derivatives. Erythema / chemically induced. Fluorouracil / analogs & derivatives. Penis / drug effects. Scrotum / drug effects

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  • (PMID = 17311704.001).
  • [ISSN] 1533-0028
  • [Journal-full-title] Clinical colorectal cancer
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Clin Colorectal Cancer
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Antimetabolites, Antineoplastic; 0W860991D6 / Deoxycytidine; 6804DJ8Z9U / Capecitabine; U3P01618RT / Fluorouracil
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25. Abdulla AN, Covert AA, Grantmyre JE: Scrotal syringocystadenoma papilliferum: case report. Can J Urol; 2009 Jun;16(3):4684-6
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  • [Title] Scrotal syringocystadenoma papilliferum: case report.
  • Syringocystadenoma papilliferum (SCAP) is a benign rare adnexal skin neoplasm, which in a third of cases arises from a nevus sebaceous and is most commonly found on the head and neck and in very rare instances found on the genitalia.
  • We report on a 59-year-old man with SCAP on the scrotum.
  • To our knowledge, only three other cases of such a lesion on the scrotum have been reported in the literature.
  • [MeSH-major] Adenoma, Sweat Gland / pathology. Scrotum / pathology. Skin Neoplasms / pathology. Syringoma / pathology

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  • (PMID = 19497181.001).
  • [ISSN] 1195-9479
  • [Journal-full-title] The Canadian journal of urology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Can J Urol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Canada
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26. Bayne A, Koslin B, Daneshmand S: Bilateral segmental testicular infarction. ScientificWorldJournal; 2007;7:779-83
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  • It frequently mimics an acute scrotum presenting with pain and swelling.
  • Difficulty distinguishing benign from malignant lesions on imaging has led to radical orchiectomy in the past.

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  • (PMID = 17619760.001).
  • [ISSN] 1537-744X
  • [Journal-full-title] TheScientificWorldJournal
  • [ISO-abbreviation] ScientificWorldJournal
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] England
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27. De Carli C, Bettolli M, Leonard M, Jauregui E, Guerra L: Laparoscopic manoeuvre for orchidopexy in high intra-abdominal testes when cremasteric artery is present. J Pediatr Urol; 2010 Feb;6(1):2-5
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  • We believe that the Prentiss manoeuvre avoids compression and strangulation of the CA around the epigastric vessels while allowing testicular placement in the scrotum.

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  • (PMID = 19926341.001).
  • [ISSN] 1873-4898
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of pediatric urology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Pediatr Urol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] England
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28. Rodrigues Júnior S, Diogo Filho A, Alcântara TM, Raddi TB, Silva LB: Testicular histology after intestinal pedicle flap (cecum) apposition in rats. Acta Cir Bras; 2010 Jun;25(3):241-8
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  • G3: procedures a, b and d, exposition of RT to air and reposition into scrotum.

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  • (PMID = 20498936.001).
  • [ISSN] 1678-2674
  • [Journal-full-title] Acta cirurgica brasileira
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Acta Cir Bras
  • [Language] ENG
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] Brazil
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29. Neto LM, Santos MH, Filho CR, Almeida-Irmão JM, Junior ER, Caldas EL, Lima PF, Oliveira MA: Reliability of ultrasound for early sexing of goat fetuses derived from natural mating and from fresh, frozen and vitrified embryo transfer. Reprod Fertil Dev; 2010;22(2):489-93
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  • The visualisation of the scrotum, prepuce and vulva occurred significantly earlier (P < 0.05) in G1 than in G2, G3 and G4.

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  • (PMID = 20047734.001).
  • [ISSN] 1031-3613
  • [Journal-full-title] Reproduction, fertility, and development
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Reprod. Fertil. Dev.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Australia
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30. Caglayan AO, Klammt J, Kiess W, Hatipoglu N, Pfäffle R, Kurtoglu S, Saatci C, Dundar M: A unique case of a patient with partial trisomy 22 and lipodystrophy: is it a new syndrome due to an IGF-IR mutation? Genet Couns; 2010;21(2):187-97
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  • A newborn male presented with intestinal malrotation, facial anomalies, hypertrichosis, hypertrophic, hyperpigmented nipples and enlarged genitals with a hyperpigmented scrotum.
  • His karyotype demonstrated a small supernumerary NOR-positive marker chromosome that was subsequently identified as del(22)(q12->qter).

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  • (PMID = 20681219.001).
  • [ISSN] 1015-8146
  • [Journal-full-title] Genetic counseling (Geneva, Switzerland)
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Genet. Couns.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Switzerland
  • [Chemical-registry-number] EC 2.7.10.1 / Receptor, IGF Type 1
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31. Kalfa N, Veyrac C, Lopez M, Lopez C, Maurel A, Kaselas C, Sibai S, Arena F, Vaos G, Bréaud J, Merrot T, Kalfa D, Khochman I, Mironescu A, Minaev S, Avérous M, Galifer RB: Multicenter assessment of ultrasound of the spermatic cord in children with acute scrotum. J Urol; 2007 Jan;177(1):297-301; discussion 301
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  • [Title] Multicenter assessment of ultrasound of the spermatic cord in children with acute scrotum.
  • The aim of this multicenter study was to assess the validity and reproducibility of high resolution ultrasonography based management of acute scrotum in children.
  • MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 919 patients from 11 European university hospitals underwent color Doppler sonography and high resolution ultrasonography for acute scrotum between 1992 and 2005.
  • High resolution ultrasonography revealed a linear cord for all other causes of acute scrotum (711 patients) with a specificity of 99%.
  • CONCLUSIONS: High resolution ultrasonography based management of acute scrotum is reliable and reproducible.
  • Thanks to its high sensitivity and specificity for the diagnosis of spermatic cord torsion, high resolution ultrasonography can significantly improve the management of acute scrotum in children.

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  • (PMID = 17162068.001).
  • [ISSN] 0022-5347
  • [Journal-full-title] The Journal of urology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Urol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Multicenter Study
  • [Publication-country] United States
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32. Moschouris H, Stamatiou K, Lampropoulou E, Kalikis D, Matsaidonis D: Imaging of the acute scrotum: is there a place for contrast-enhanced ultrasonography? Int Braz J Urol; 2009 Nov-Dec;35(6):692-702; discussion 702-5
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  • [Title] Imaging of the acute scrotum: is there a place for contrast-enhanced ultrasonography?
  • PURPOSE: To present and evaluate the findings of contrast-enhanced ultrasonography (CEUS) in typical cases of acute painful scrotum.
  • All patients underwent grey-scale and color Doppler ultrasonography (US) of the scrotum, followed by imaging after i.v. administration of 2.4 mL of a second generation ultrasound contrast agent (microbubbles of sulphur hexafluoride).
  • The diagnosis was confirmed surgically in 6 cases while in the remaining 8 cases it was based on the combination of clinical, imaging and laboratory findings.
  • RESULTS: The final diagnosis was testicular torsion (n = 4), epididymitis (n = 2, one of the cases complicated by abscess), testicular abscess (n = 1), scrotal abscess (n = 1), testicular trauma of varying severity (n = 6).
  • CEUS showed complete lack of enhancement in all cases of torsion, permitting a rapid and definitive diagnosis.
  • However, CEUS can be used supplementary to traditional Doppler US in the investigation of blunt testicular trauma especially when there is uncertainty in diagnosis after appropriate clinical and radiographic evaluations occurs.
  • [MeSH-major] Contrast Media. Genital Diseases, Male / ultrasonography. Phospholipids. Scrotum / ultrasonography. Sulfur Hexafluoride. Ultrasonography, Doppler, Color / methods

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  • (PMID = 20028575.001).
  • [ISSN] 1677-6119
  • [Journal-full-title] International braz j urol : official journal of the Brazilian Society of Urology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Int Braz J Urol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Brazil
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Contrast Media; 0 / Phospholipids; 0 / contrast agent BR1; WS7LR3I1D6 / Sulfur Hexafluoride
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33. Kraft KH, Shukla AR, Canning DA: Hypospadias. Urol Clin North Am; 2010 May;37(2):167-81
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  • Hypospadias results from abnormal development of the penis that leaves the urethral meatus proximal to its normal glanular position anywhere along the penile shaft, scrotum, or perineum.

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  • (PMID = 20569796.001).
  • [ISSN] 1558-318X
  • [Journal-full-title] The Urologic clinics of North America
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Urol. Clin. North Am.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Number-of-references] 75
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34. Al-Shaham AA, Sood S: Recurrent furunculosis as a cause of isolated penile lymphedema: a case report. J Med Case Rep; 2010;4:196
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  • INTRODUCTION: Isolated lymphedema of the penis is extremely rare: combined involvement of the scrotum and penis is the norm.
  • The glans and scrotum were normal.
  • The clinical diagnosis was lymphedema following recurrent penile furunculosis.
  • CONCLUSIONS: Furunculosis at the penile root may result in lymphedema confined to the penile shaft, sparing the scrotum.

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  • [Cites] J Urol. 1998 Oct;160(4):1485-9 [9751400.001]
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  • (PMID = 20584337.001).
  • [ISSN] 1752-1947
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of medical case reports
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Med Case Rep
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC2902497
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35. Shafik A, Shafik AA, El Sibai O, Shafik IA: Inguinal canal dilatation: a novel technique for the repair of failed testicular descent despite hormonal treatment. Am Surg; 2008 Jan;74(1):69-72
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  • Testicular descent into the scrotum occurred in 22 patients within 4.2 +/- 1.3 months.

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  • (PMID = 18274434.001).
  • [ISSN] 0003-1348
  • [Journal-full-title] The American surgeon
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Am Surg
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Clinical Trial; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Gonadotropins
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36. Rattan KN, Kajal P, Kadian YS, Gupta R: Haemorrhage in a scrotal lymphangioma in a child: a rarity. Afr J Paediatr Surg; 2009 Jul-Dec;6(2):110-1
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  • [Title] Haemorrhage in a scrotal lymphangioma in a child: a rarity.
  • We report here a case of cystic lymphangioma of scrotum presenting as acute scrotum due to haemorrhage.
  • The diagnosis was confirmed on ultrasonography and magnetic resonance imaging and managed successfully by surgical excision.
  • Scrotal cystic lymphangioma complicated by haemorrhage is rare; hence, the case is being reported with a review of literature.
  • [MeSH-major] Genital Neoplasms, Male / complications. Hemorrhage / diagnosis. Hemorrhage / etiology. Lymphangioma, Cystic / complications. Scrotum

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  • (PMID = 19661642.001).
  • [ISSN] 0974-5998
  • [Journal-full-title] African journal of paediatric surgery : AJPS
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Afr J Paediatr Surg
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Nigeria
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37. Proano JM, Palmer JS: Erosion of magnets into the scrotum in the pediatric patient. Urology; 2005 Nov;66(5):1109
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  • [Title] Erosion of magnets into the scrotum in the pediatric patient.
  • A 12-year-old boy presented to the emergency department complaining that he had "magnets stuck in [his] scrotum."
  • Examination revealed a wedge of scrotal skin with a pit on each side without visible objects.
  • [MeSH-major] Foreign Bodies / surgery. Scrotum

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  • (PMID = 16286142.001).
  • [ISSN] 1527-9995
  • [Journal-full-title] Urology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Urology
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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38. Ha TS, Lee JS: Scrotal involvement in childhood Henoch-Schönlein purpura. Acta Paediatr; 2007 Apr;96(4):552-5
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  • [Title] Scrotal involvement in childhood Henoch-Schönlein purpura.
  • AIM: Henoch-Schönlein purpura (HSP) is a common childhood systemic vasculitis involving the skin, gastrointestinal tract, joint, kidneys and even scrotum.
  • METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed the clinical and laboratory data of 120 male patients with HSP and also evaluated the risk factors for scrotal involvement and the relation between scrotal involvement and other clinical features.
  • Twenty-six out of 120 boys (21.7%) diagnosed with HSP had scrotal involvement.
  • RESULTS: Scrotal symptoms manifested as swelling in 88.5% and pain (or tenderness) in 69.2% of HSP patients with scrotal involvement.
  • Neurologic symptoms, mainly headache and localized edema among various manifestations and high serum C3 level of laboratory profiles were more frequently observed in scrotal-involved group than in those of non-involved group.
  • However, there was no difference in the outcomes of scrotal symptoms according to therapeutic modalities and the occurrence of scrotal involvement had no correlation with renal involvement from acute to chronic phase.
  • CONCLUSIONS: We found that neurologic symptoms, localized edema and high serum C3 level show a significant relation with scrotal involvement in male HSP patients.
  • Because scrotal involvement in male HSP patients is not rare, the accurate early diagnosis of HSP is mandatory by the early notification of purpura and imaging evaluations in order to avoid unnecessary procedures.
  • [MeSH-major] Edema / etiology. Epididymitis / etiology. Orchitis / etiology. Purpura, Schoenlein-Henoch / complications. Scrotum

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  • [CommentIn] Acta Paediatr. 2007 Sep;96(9):1372-3 [17666103.001]
  • (PMID = 17306010.001).
  • [ISSN] 0803-5253
  • [Journal-full-title] Acta paediatrica (Oslo, Norway : 1992)
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Acta Paediatr.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Norway
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Complement C3
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39. Winter TC: There is a mass in the scrotum-what does it mean?: Evaluation of the scrotal mass. Ultrasound Q; 2009 Dec;25(4):195-205
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  • [Title] There is a mass in the scrotum-what does it mean?: Evaluation of the scrotal mass.
  • Ultrasound is a nearly ideal modality for evaluation of the scrotum.
  • This manuscript will review the sonographic assessment of the common pathologic and normal conditions that may present as a mass within the scrotum, including discussion of intratesticular and extratesticular etiologies.

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  • (PMID = 19956052.001).
  • [ISSN] 1536-0253
  • [Journal-full-title] Ultrasound quarterly
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Ultrasound Q
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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40. Sadeghi-Nejad H, Ilbeigi P, Wilson SK, Delk JR, Siegel A, Seftel AD, Shannon L, Jung H: Multi-institutional outcome study on the efficacy of closed-suction drainage of the scrotum in three-piece inflatable penile prosthesis surgery. Int J Impot Res; 2005 Nov-Dec;17(6):535-8
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Multi-institutional outcome study on the efficacy of closed-suction drainage of the scrotum in three-piece inflatable penile prosthesis surgery.
  • Despite the intuitive advantages of short-term closed-suction drainage in reducing the incidence of postoperative scrotal swelling and associated adverse effects, many urologists are reluctant to drain the scrotum because of a theoretical risk of introducing an infection.
  • In conclusion, this study was undertaken to evaluate the incidence of infection in three-piece penile prosthesis surgery with scrotal closed-suction drainage.
  • In conclusion, this investigation revealed that closed-suction drainage of the scrotum for approximately 12-24 h following three-piece inflatable penile prosthesis surgery does not result in increased infection rate and is associated with a very low incidence of postoperative hematoma formation, swelling, and ecchymosis.
  • [MeSH-major] Penile Implantation / methods. Penile Prosthesis. Scrotum / surgery

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  • (PMID = 15988544.001).
  • [ISSN] 0955-9930
  • [Journal-full-title] International journal of impotence research
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Int. J. Impot. Res.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] England
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41. De'Ath HD: Perforation of a sigmoid diverticulum presenting with a pneumoscrotum and surgical emphysema. BMJ Case Rep; 2008;2008:bcr0820080834
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  • An elderly patient presented with a grossly swollen scrotum and a distended abdomen.
  • In previous reports, in contrast to this patient, the individual's scrotum was inflamed but not erythematous and tender, and the rapid progression of surgical emphysema is not reported.
  • [MeSH-minor] Abdomen. Fatal Outcome. Humans. Male. Rupture, Spontaneous / complications. Rupture, Spontaneous / diagnosis. Rupture, Spontaneous / surgery. Scrotum. Thigh

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  • [Cites] World J Gastroenterol. 2006 May 28;12(20):3225-8 [16718843.001]
  • [Cites] BMC Fam Pract. 2002 Dec 5;3:20 [12466026.001]
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  • (PMID = 21716824.001).
  • [ISSN] 1757-790X
  • [Journal-full-title] BMJ case reports
  • [ISO-abbreviation] BMJ Case Rep
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC3124747
  • [General-notes] NLM/ Original DateCompleted: 20110714
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42. Isguven P, Yildiz M, Arslanoglu I, Adal E, Erguven M, Tuzlali S: True hermaphroditism with characteristics of Klinefelter's syndrome: a rare presentation. J Pediatr Endocrinol Metab; 2005 Jun;18(6):603-6
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  • The patient was diagnosed as true hermaphroditism with 46,XX /47,XXY karyotype causing an ovotestis with inguinal uterus hernia in the left scrotum and a dysgenetic testis in the right scrotum.

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  • (PMID = 16042329.001).
  • [ISSN] 0334-018X
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of pediatric endocrinology & metabolism : JPEM
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Pediatr. Endocrinol. Metab.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 3XMK78S47O / Testosterone; 4TI98Z838E / Estradiol
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43. Rao GR, Amareswar A, Kumar YH, Prasad TS, Rao NR: Pigmented basal cell carcinoma of the scrotum: an unusual site. Indian J Dermatol Venereol Leprol; 2008 Sep-Oct;74(5):508-9
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  • [Title] Pigmented basal cell carcinoma of the scrotum: an unusual site.
  • [MeSH-major] Carcinoma, Basal Cell / diagnosis. Scrotum / pathology. Skin Neoplasms / diagnosis

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  • (PMID = 19052423.001).
  • [ISSN] 0973-3922
  • [Journal-full-title] Indian journal of dermatology, venereology and leprology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Indian J Dermatol Venereol Leprol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Letter
  • [Publication-country] India
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44. Sengupta S, Das JK, Gangopadhyay A: Porokeratosis confined to the genital area: a report of three cases. Indian J Dermatol Venereol Leprol; 2008 Jan-Feb;74(1):80
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  • Two of them were male with involvement of the penis and scrotum and only the scrotum respectively.
  • [MeSH-major] Penis. Porokeratosis / pathology. Scrotum. Vulva

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  • (PMID = 18193505.001).
  • [ISSN] 0973-3922
  • [Journal-full-title] Indian journal of dermatology, venereology and leprology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Indian J Dermatol Venereol Leprol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] India
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45. Ghilan AM, Ghafour MA, Al-Asbahi WA, Al-Khanbashi OM, Alwan MA, Al-Badani TH: Gunshot wound injuries to the male external genitalia. Saudi Med J; 2010 Sep;31(9):1005-10
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  • The penis was involved alone in 10 (50%), scrotum in 4 (20%), and the penis and scrotum in combination in 6 (30%) patients.
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Firearms. Humans. Male. Middle Aged. Penis / injuries. Penis / pathology. Penis / surgery. Scrotum / injuries. Scrotum / pathology. Scrotum / surgery. Testis / injuries. Testis / pathology. Testis / surgery. Yemen / epidemiology. Young Adult

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  • (PMID = 20844812.001).
  • [ISSN] 0379-5284
  • [Journal-full-title] Saudi medical journal
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Saudi Med J
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Saudi Arabia
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46. Wang JW, Man LB, He F, Huang GL, Li GZ, Wang HD: Images for diagnosis . Basal cell carcinoma of the scrotum: report of a case and review of the literature. Chin Med J (Engl); 2010 Oct;123(19):2748-9
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  • [Title] Images for diagnosis . Basal cell carcinoma of the scrotum: report of a case and review of the literature.
  • [MeSH-major] Carcinoma, Basal Cell / diagnosis. Genital Neoplasms, Male / diagnosis

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  • (PMID = 21034666.001).
  • [ISSN] 0366-6999
  • [Journal-full-title] Chinese medical journal
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Chin. Med. J.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] China
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47. Verit A, Yeni E, Iriadam M: Scrotal pouch as a urinary reservoir: a surgical revolution or bizarre hypothesis? Med Hypotheses; 2007;68(5):941-4
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  • [Title] Scrotal pouch as a urinary reservoir: a surgical revolution or bizarre hypothesis?
  • In this preliminary incomplete animal model, we aimed to introduce the idea of the possibility of scrotal urinary diversion via inguinal canal and speculate its clinical advantages with its low morbidity and surgical technique of human application.
  • TECHNICAL CONSIDERATIONS: After a laporotomy and its left ureter dissection, a male rabbit underwent urinary diversion from kidney to the scrotum via catheter through the inguinal canal.
  • Abdominal and scrotal incision closed with sutures but a potential gap was left at the scrotum for urinary leakage.
  • Urinary leakage was observed from the ipsilateral scrotum postoperatively.
  • THE HYPOTHESIS: Although this study can be regarded as just a hypothesis, we would like to introduce the idea of scrotal pouch as a urinary reservoir.
  • We speculated that scrotal urinary diversion is better and applicable technique with many advantages and low morbidity, mortality and short operation time over the intestinal ones especially in selected patients.
  • [MeSH-major] Models, Theoretical. Scrotum / physiology. Scrotum / surgery. Urinary Reservoirs, Continent

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  • [CommentIn] Med Hypotheses. 2007;69(1):233 [17222986.001]
  • (PMID = 17113719.001).
  • [ISSN] 0306-9877
  • [Journal-full-title] Medical hypotheses
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Med. Hypotheses
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Scotland
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48. Takezawa K, Matsuoka Y, Takao T, Nonomura N, Tomita Y, Okuyama A: [Myxofibrosarcoma of the spermatic cord: a case report]. Nihon Hinyokika Gakkai Zasshi; 2008 Mar;99(3):555-9
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  • A 77-year-old man visited our department with a painless mass in the left scrotum.
  • He underwent left high orchiectomy with clinical diagnosis of testicular tumor.
  • The tumor penetrated deeply into the internal inguinal ring.
  • The tumor was resected as proximally as possible with positive surgical margin at the internal ring.
  • Microscopic examination revealed that the tumor was consisted of myxoid stroma with spindle cells, and there was a large variation in histological findings.
  • Accordingly, the tumor was diagnosed as myxofibrosarcoma, high-grade, of the spermatic cord.
  • [MeSH-major] Fibrosarcoma / diagnosis. Genital Neoplasms, Male / diagnosis. Spermatic Cord

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  • (PMID = 18404885.001).
  • [ISSN] 0021-5287
  • [Journal-full-title] Nihon Hinyōkika Gakkai zasshi. The japanese journal of urology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Nippon Hinyokika Gakkai Zasshi
  • [Language] jpn
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; English Abstract; Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] Japan
  • [Number-of-references] 9
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49. Nanpo Y, Yamauchi T: [Testicular tumor following orchiopexy: a case report]. Hinyokika Kiyo; 2006 Aug;52(8):655-9
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  • [Title] [Testicular tumor following orchiopexy: a case report].
  • A 36-year-old male with history of left orchiopexy at age 11 received medical examination at the emergency department of our hospital with a left painful inguinal tumor as the chief complaint.
  • However, he noticed the patient having a tumor in the left scrotum as well, and referred the patient to our department.
  • We diagnosed the case as a left testicular tumor and performed left high orchiectomy.
  • On histopathological examination, the tumor was a seminoma and the left inguinal tumor was a lymph node metastasis (3 x 4 x 5 cm).
  • After operation, the tumor markers became normal and radiographic examination showed no evidence of metastasis to the retroperitoneal lymph nodes and to other organs.
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Humans. Lymphatic Metastasis. Male. Postoperative Complications. Scrotum / surgery

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  • (PMID = 16972632.001).
  • [ISSN] 0018-1994
  • [Journal-full-title] Hinyokika kiyo. Acta urologica Japonica
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Hinyokika Kiyo
  • [Language] jpn
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; English Abstract; Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] Japan
  • [Number-of-references] 17
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50. Hirai K, Kita K, Mikata K, Fujikawa N, Kitami K: [Giant seminoma in abdominal retention of the testis manifested with unilateral leg pain: a case report]. Hinyokika Kiyo; 2005 Jul;51(7):471-4
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  • Enhanced computed tomography (CT) revealed a huge abdominal tumor and a 3-dimensional CT scan showed a feeding artery from the left renal artery to the huge tumor.
  • Surgical exploration revealed a giant tumor with clouded ascites in the abdominal cavity containing class V cells revealed by cytological examination.
  • The tumor was easily resected.
  • At this time, the surgeon incidentally noticed the absence of left testis in the patient's scrotum.
  • His leg pain was relieved after the tumor resection.

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  • (PMID = 16119813.001).
  • [ISSN] 0018-1994
  • [Journal-full-title] Hinyokika kiyo. Acta urologica Japonica
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Hinyokika Kiyo
  • [Language] jpn
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Japan
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51. Suárez-Peñaranda JM, Vieites B, Evgenyeva E, Vázquez-Veiga H, Forteza J: Male genital leiomyomas showing androgen receptor expression. J Cutan Pathol; 2007 Dec;34(12):946-9
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • Genital leiomyoma in men include those superficial leiomyomas arising in the scrotum and the areola.
  • They are unusual neoplasms: few cases have been reported in the literature and they usually escape clinical diagnosis.
  • Three cases of male genital leiomyomas are reported: two in the scrotum and one in the areola.
  • They were all conservatively excised and the behaviour was completely benign in all cases.
  • Histopathological examination showed the typical findings of superficial leiomyomas, with some minor differences between cases arising in the scrotum and those from the areola.
  • Immunohistochemical findings not only confirmed the smooth muscle nature of all cases but also showed unequivocal immunostaining for androgen receptors in the leiomyomas from the scrotum.
  • Immunostaining for androgen receptors in scrotal leiomyomas is, as far as we are aware, a previously unknown characteristic of male genital leiomyomas.
  • [MeSH-major] Breast Neoplasms, Male / pathology. Genital Neoplasms, Male / pathology. Leiomyoma / pathology. Nipples / pathology. Receptors, Androgen / biosynthesis. Scrotum / pathology

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  • (PMID = 18001420.001).
  • [ISSN] 0303-6987
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of cutaneous pathology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Cutan. Pathol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Denmark
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Receptors, Androgen
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52. Cederroth CR, Schaad O, Descombes P, Chambon P, Vassalli JD, Nef S: Estrogen receptor alpha is a major contributor to estrogen-mediated fetal testis dysgenesis and cryptorchidism. Endocrinology; 2007 Nov;148(11):5507-19
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  • Failure of the testes to descend into the scrotum (cryptorchidism) is one of the most common birth defects in humans.
  • In utero exposure to estrogens, such as 17beta-estradiol (E2) or the synthetic estrogen diethylstilbestrol (DES), down-regulates insulin-like 3 (Insl3) expression in embryonic Leydig cells, which in turn results in cryptorchidism in mice.
  • To identify the molecular mechanism whereby xenoestrogens block Insl3 gene transcription, we performed a microarray analysis of wild-type or estrogen receptor (ER) alpha-mutant testes exposed in utero to pharmacological doses of E2 or DES.
  • Finally, we show that Insl3 gene expression and testicular descent were not affected by in utero exposure to E2 or DES in ERalpha mutant mice, whereas absence of ERbeta did not influence the effect of these estrogens.


53. Trias Puig-Sureda I, Orsola los de Santos A, Raventós Busquets CX, Español Quintilla I, Bucar Terrades S: [Splenogonadal fusion. Report of a case]. Actas Urol Esp; 2007 May;31(5):559-61
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  • [Transliterated title] Fusion esplenogonadal. Presentación de un caso.
  • Usually it occurs in the left scrotum and, although described in both sexes, it is more frequent in males.
  • Its only symptom is palpable tumor and this makes the surgical approach the only way to make the diagnosis.

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  • (PMID = 17711178.001).
  • [ISSN] 0210-4806
  • [Journal-full-title] Actas urologicas españolas
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Actas Urol Esp
  • [Language] spa
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Spain
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54. Xu YH, Zhou R: [Newborn emphysema attributed to medical actions (3 case report)]. Fa Yi Xue Za Zhi; 2006 Apr;22(2):133-4
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  • The air penetrated into septa of the lung at the beginning, then it probably split the hilus pulmonis to reach mediastinum as well as subcutaneous tissues of the chest, neck, abdomen, inguinal region and scrotum.

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  • (PMID = 16850601.001).
  • [ISSN] 1004-5619
  • [Journal-full-title] Fa yi xue za zhi
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Fa Yi Xue Za Zhi
  • [Language] chi
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] China
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55. Reeve K, Hotouras A, Manghat M, Pillai S: Catheter balloon mimicking incarcerated femoral hernia and co-existing small bowel diverticular perforation: a case report. Cases J; 2009;2:8755
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  • Bladder divertulae are uncommon and can herniate into the femoral or inguinal canal as well as the scrotum.

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  • (PMID = 20184693.001).
  • [ISSN] 1757-1626
  • [Journal-full-title] Cases journal
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Cases J
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC2827103
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56. Hutson JM, Hasthorpe S: Abnormalities of testicular descent. Cell Tissue Res; 2005 Oct;322(1):155-8
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  • The inguinoscrotal phase (25-35 weeks) requires the migration of the gubernaculum from the groin to the scrotum; this migration is guided by the genito-femoral nerve releasing calcitonin gene-related peptide under the influence of androgen.
  • Congenital cryptorchidism is caused by the failure of gubernacular migration to the scrotum (1%-2%) but we now recognise that another 1%-2% of boys have acquired cryptorchidism, secondary to the failure of spermatic cord elongation with growth of the boy.

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  • (PMID = 15965656.001).
  • [ISSN] 0302-766X
  • [Journal-full-title] Cell and tissue research
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Cell Tissue Res.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] Germany
  • [Number-of-references] 38
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57. Kawamura N, Kakuta Y, Fukuhara S, Imazui T, Hara T, Yamaguchi S, Adachi S, Nonomura N, Nagahara A: [A case of paratesticular rhabdomyosarcoma]. Hinyokika Kiyo; 2008 Jun;54(6):431-3
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  • The patient with a mass in the right scrotum was at first diagnosed with testicular tumor.
  • [MeSH-major] Genital Neoplasms, Male / diagnosis. Rhabdomyosarcoma, Embryonal / diagnosis. Scrotum

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  • (PMID = 18634441.001).
  • [ISSN] 0018-1994
  • [Journal-full-title] Hinyokika kiyo. Acta urologica Japonica
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Hinyokika Kiyo
  • [Language] jpn
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; English Abstract; Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] Japan
  • [Number-of-references] 7
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58. Tsili AC, Tsampoulas C, Giannakis D, Papastefanaki M, Tsiriopoulos I, Sofikitis N, Efremidis SC: Case report. Tuberculous epididymo-orchitis: MRI findings. Br J Radiol; 2008 Jun;81(966):e166-9
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  • A 70-year-old man presented with fever, left flank pain and scrotal enlargement.
  • Sonographic and MRI examination of the scrotum showed bilateral testicular enlargement and the presence of multiple nodules involving both the testis and the epididymis.
  • [MeSH-major] Epididymitis / diagnosis. Orchitis / diagnosis. Tuberculosis, Male Genital / diagnosis
  • [MeSH-minor] Aged. Diagnosis, Differential. Epididymis / ultrasonography. Humans. Magnetic Resonance Imaging / methods. Male. Mycobacterium tuberculosis / isolation & purification. Nephrostomy, Percutaneous. Testis / ultrasonography. Tomography, X-Ray Computed. Tuberculosis, Pulmonary / complications. Tuberculosis, Pulmonary / radiography. Tuberculosis, Renal / complications. Tuberculosis, Renal / radiography

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  • (PMID = 18487383.001).
  • [ISSN] 1748-880X
  • [Journal-full-title] The British journal of radiology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Br J Radiol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] England
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59. Jeon YS, Cho SG, Kim WH, Choi SJ: Cavernous haemangioma of the spermatic cord in a child. Pediatr Radiol; 2006 Dec;36(12):1323-5
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  • Sonography showed a well-defined, heterogeneous echoic mass with internal calcifications in the paratesticular region while radiography showed several phleboliths in the scrotum.
  • [MeSH-major] Genital Neoplasms, Male / diagnosis. Hemangioma, Cavernous / diagnosis. Spermatic Cord / diagnostic imaging
  • [MeSH-minor] Child. Diagnosis, Differential. Humans. Male. Orchiectomy / methods. Radiography. Ultrasonography

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  • [CommentIn] Pediatr Radiol. 2007 Jun;37(6):609 [17431607.001]
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  • (PMID = 17031632.001).
  • [ISSN] 0301-0449
  • [Journal-full-title] Pediatric radiology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Pediatr Radiol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Germany
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60. Daher P, Nabbout P, Feghali J, Riachy E: Is the Fowler-Stephens procedure still indicated for the treatment of nonpalpable intraabdominal testis? J Pediatr Surg; 2009 Oct;44(10):1999-2003
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  • All cases were treated through an inguinal orchidopexy without division of the spermatic vessels by fixing the testis to the scrotum by 2 absorbable stitches even if there was an upward retraction of the scrotal skin.
  • In all cases, the testis was normal in size and found in the scrotum after 6 months of follow-up.
  • [MeSH-minor] Child. Child, Preschool. Humans. Infant. Male. Palpation / methods. Scrotum / surgery. Spermatic Cord / surgery. Testis / blood supply. Testis / surgery. Treatment Outcome

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  • (PMID = 19853762.001).
  • [ISSN] 1531-5037
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of pediatric surgery
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Pediatr. Surg.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Comparative Study; Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Number-of-references] 25
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61. Biasutto SN, Repetto E, Aliendo MM, Borghino VN: Inguinal canal development: the muscular wall and the role of the gubernaculum. Clin Anat; 2009 Jul;22(5):614-8
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  • We identified the anterior body-wall muscular layers, located the gonads and uterus, and observed the formation of the scrotum.
  • In only one of the cases, an abnormal testis was found located in the scrotum.

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  • [Copyright] Copyright 2009 Wiley-Liss, Inc.
  • [CommentIn] Clin Anat. 2009 Oct;22(7):849; author reply 850 [19753642.001]
  • (PMID = 19544294.001).
  • [ISSN] 1098-2353
  • [Journal-full-title] Clinical anatomy (New York, N.Y.)
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Clin Anat
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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62. Christianakis E, Paschalidis N, Filippou G, Chorti M, Andromanakos N, Pitiakoudis M, Rizos S, Filippou D: Torsion of an intrahydrocelic sac in a child: A case report. Cases J; 2008;1(1):18
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  • A rapid scrotal swelling under tension developed the first hours and the child complained for discomfort especially during palpation of the scrotum.

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  • [Cites] BJU Int. 1999 Oct;84(6):731-2 [10510126.001]
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  • (PMID = 18577199.001).
  • [ISSN] 1757-1626
  • [Journal-full-title] Cases journal
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Cases J
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC2440365
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63. Boerma M, Wang J, Richter KK, Hauer-Jensen M: Orazipone, a locally acting immunomodulator, ameliorates intestinal radiation injury: a preclinical study in a novel rat model. Int J Radiat Oncol Biol Phys; 2006 Oct 1;66(2):552-9
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  • METHODS AND MATERIALS: Male rats were orchiectomized, a 4-cm segment of small bowel was sutured to the inside of the scrotum, a proximal anteperistaltic ileostomy was created for intraluminal drug administration, and intestinal continuity was re-established by end-to-side anastomosis.
  • After three weeks postoperative recovery, the intestine in the "scrotal hernia" was exposed locally to single-dose or fractionated X-radiation.

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  • (PMID = 16965997.001).
  • [ISSN] 0360-3016
  • [Journal-full-title] International journal of radiation oncology, biology, physics
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Int. J. Radiat. Oncol. Biol. Phys.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Grant] United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / CA71382
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Radiation-Protective Agents; 0 / Sulfhydryl Compounds; 0 / Transforming Growth Factor beta; 64R9Y5FE39 / orazipone
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64. Tsuru T, Kageyama S, Narita M, Okada Y: [Polyorchidim: a case report and review of the literature]. Nihon Hinyokika Gakkai Zasshi; 2010 Sep;101(6):738-41
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • Ultrasonography showed an isoechoic round shaped tumor, 16 mm in diameter.
  • An exploration of the scrotum was performed, based on a preoperative diagnosis of a left epididymal tumor.
  • The tumor was located below the tail of epididymis, and had a whitish capsule, which looked similar to tunica albuginea testis.

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  • (PMID = 20954382.001).
  • [ISSN] 0021-5287
  • [Journal-full-title] Nihon Hinyōkika Gakkai zasshi. The japanese journal of urology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Nippon Hinyokika Gakkai Zasshi
  • [Language] jpn
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; English Abstract; Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] Japan
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65. Pace G, Galatioto GP, Gualà L, Ranieri G, Vicentini C: Ejaculatory duct obstruction caused by a right giant seminal vesicle with an ipsilateral upper urinary tract agenesia: an embryologic malformation. Fertil Steril; 2008 Feb;89(2):390-4
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  • It is frequently asymptomatic or else characterized by infertility, symptoms of bladder irritation, or pain in the scrotum and perineum.

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  • [CommentIn] Fertil Steril. 2008 Aug;90(2):459; author reply 459-60 [18625507.001]
  • (PMID = 17675001.001).
  • [ISSN] 1556-5653
  • [Journal-full-title] Fertility and sterility
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Fertil. Steril.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Evaluation Studies; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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66. Arango O, Bielsa O, Lorente JA, Cañis D, Gelabert A: Open testicular biopsy without a surgical assistant using a scrotal Rumel tourniquet. J Urol; 2006 May;175(5):1822-3
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Open testicular biopsy without a surgical assistant using a scrotal Rumel tourniquet.
  • We propose using a scrotal device in the shape of a Rumel tourniquet to maintain the testicle fixed and tight against the scrotal wall all the time with no need to be held by the hand.
  • It is placed at the base of the scrotum to include the 2 testicles, while tension is adjusted until the skin becomes tense and the scrotal wall is held tightly against the testicles.
  • Placing the eyelid retractor is unnecessary since the various scrotal wall layers become spontaneously separated.
  • RESULTS: We have used this device in 20 consecutive testicular biopsies in patients with obstructive azoospermia and for histopathological diagnosis.
  • CONCLUSIONS: This straightforward scrotal device simplifies the procedure since no surgical assistant is required, the surgeon can use 2 hands during the operation and testicular biopsy is achievable through a small incision.

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  • (PMID = 16600771.001).
  • [ISSN] 0022-5347
  • [Journal-full-title] The Journal of urology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Urol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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67. Stengel JW, Remer EM: Sonography of the scrotum: case-based review. AJR Am J Roentgenol; 2008 Jun;190(6 Suppl):S35-41
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Sonography of the scrotum: case-based review.
  • OBJECTIVE: We discuss five scenarios in which sonography is useful for diagnosing scrotal abnormalities, including painful scrotal disorders, an incidental disorder, and scrotal masses.
  • CONCLUSION: Sonography is the primary diagnostic tool for diagnosing disorders in the scrotum.
  • [MeSH-major] Genital Diseases, Male / ultrasonography. Scrotum / ultrasonography. Ultrasonography, Doppler, Color
  • [MeSH-minor] Adolescent. Adult. Diagnosis, Differential. Humans. Male. Middle Aged

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  • [ErratumIn] AJR Am J Roentgenol. 2008 Sep;191(3 Suppl):s44
  • (PMID = 18492928.001).
  • [ISSN] 1546-3141
  • [Journal-full-title] AJR. American journal of roentgenology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] AJR Am J Roentgenol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Number-of-references] 18
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68. Abbas O, Kibbi AG, Chedraoui A, Ghosn S: Red scrotum syndrome: successful treatment with oral doxycycline. J Dermatolog Treat; 2008;19(6):1-2
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  • [Title] Red scrotum syndrome: successful treatment with oral doxycycline.
  • BACKGROUND: Red scrotum syndrome often follows the prolonged application of topical corticosteroids to the scrotal area and is characterized by persistent erythema of the scrotum associated with severe itching, hyperalgesia, and a burning sensation.
  • OBJECTIVE: To assess the efficacy of oral doxycycline, in addition to corticosteroid abstinence, in the treatment of red scrotum syndrome.
  • METHODS: In a retrospective chart review, seven patients with red scrotum syndrome, who presented between 2004 and 2007 to the outpatient clinic at the American University of Beirut Medical Center, were identified as having been treated with oral doxycycline and steroid abstinence.
  • CONCLUSION: We suggest that doxycycline may be effective in the treatment of red scrotum syndrome.
  • [MeSH-major] Anti-Bacterial Agents / therapeutic use. Doxycycline / therapeutic use. Erythema / chemically induced. Erythema / drug therapy. Glucocorticoids / adverse effects. Scrotum / drug effects

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  • (PMID = 18608710.001).
  • [ISSN] 1471-1753
  • [Journal-full-title] The Journal of dermatological treatment
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Dermatolog Treat
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Anti-Bacterial Agents; 0 / Glucocorticoids; N12000U13O / Doxycycline
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69. McGaughran J, Sinnott S, Susman R, Buckley MF, Elakis G, Cox T, Roscioli T: A case of Beare-Stevenson syndrome with a broad spectrum of features and a review of the FGFR2 Y375C mutation phenotype. Clin Dysmorphol; 2006 Apr;15(2):89-93
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  • We present a case of Beare-Stevenson syndrome with a broad range of phenotypic features including craniosynostosis, cutis gyrata, choanal stenosis, bifid scrotum with perineal hypospadias and a caudal appendage.

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  • (PMID = 16531735.001).
  • [ISSN] 1473-5717
  • [Journal-full-title] Clinical dysmorphology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Clin. Dysmorphol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't; Review
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Chemical-registry-number] EC 2.7.10.1 / Receptor, Fibroblast Growth Factor, Type 2
  • [Number-of-references] 20
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70. Mittal R, Sudha R, Veeraraghavan M, Murugan S, Adikrishnan S, Krishnakanth M, Shobana S, Anandan S, Pandey S: Disseminated tuberculosis with involvement of prostate--a case report. Indian J Tuberc; 2010 Jan;57(1):48-52
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  • We present a 55-year-old male who presented with painful non-healing ulcers on the lower lip and scrotum associated with productive cough, fever, anorexia and dysuria.
  • A diagnosis of disseminated tuberculosis was made and the patient showed a good response in two weeks.
  • [MeSH-major] Lung Diseases / microbiology. Prostatic Diseases / diagnosis. Prostatic Diseases / microbiology. Tuberculosis, Cutaneous / diagnosis

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  • (PMID = 20420045.001).
  • [ISSN] 0019-5707
  • [Journal-full-title] The Indian journal of tuberculosis
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Indian J Tuberc
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] India
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71. Ekiz EE, Matur E, Arslan M, Akyazi I, Ozcan M: Influence of ram presence (permanent vs. intermittent) on estrus parameters and behaviours in Kivircik ewes. Dtsch Tierarztl Wochenschr; 2009 Jul;116(7):260-5
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  • Soliciting, non-firm standing, sniffing scrotum and anogenital sniffing behaviours were also expressed by the ewes considerably.

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  • (PMID = 19753796.001).
  • [ISSN] 0341-6593
  • [Journal-full-title] DTW. Deutsche tierärztliche Wochenschrift
  • [ISO-abbreviation] DTW. Dtsch. Tierarztl. Wochenschr.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] Germany
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72. Zenker I, Schütz A, Sorge I, Tröbs RB: Nodular periorchitis masquerading as a malignant parafunicular tumor in an adolescent. J Pediatr Surg; 2006 Jan;41(1):e33-5
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  • [Title] Nodular periorchitis masquerading as a malignant parafunicular tumor in an adolescent.
  • Nodular periorchitis is a rare, fibroproliferative, benign mesenchymal neoplasm of the paratesticular tissues of the scrotum with a low risk for recurrence.
  • [MeSH-major] Scrotum / pathology. Testicular Diseases / surgery. Testicular Diseases / ultrasonography. Testicular Hydrocele / surgery. Testicular Hydrocele / ultrasonography

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  • (PMID = 16410086.001).
  • [ISSN] 1531-5037
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of pediatric surgery
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Pediatr. Surg.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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73. John T, Portenier D, Auster B, Mehregan D, Drelichman A, Telmos A: Leiomyosarcoma of scrotum--case report and review of literature. Urology; 2006 Feb;67(2):424.e13-424.e15
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  • [Title] Leiomyosarcoma of scrotum--case report and review of literature.
  • Leiomyosarcoma of the scrotum is a rare tumor.
  • We report a case of cutaneous leiomyosarcoma of the scrotum in a 73-year-old man.
  • It is often mistaken for a benign lesion.
  • [MeSH-major] Genital Neoplasms, Male / pathology. Leiomyosarcoma / pathology. Scrotum

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  • (PMID = 16461113.001).
  • [ISSN] 1527-9995
  • [Journal-full-title] Urology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Urology
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Number-of-references] 5
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74. Davies B, Noh P, Smaldone MC, Ranganathan S, Docimo SG: Paratesticular rhabdomyoma in a young adult: case study and review of the literature. J Pediatr Surg; 2007 Apr;42(4):E5-7
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  • Paratesticular rhabdomyoma is a rare benign tumor, which usually presents as a painless mass in the scrotum or groin.
  • We report the first case of a locally invasive paratesticular rhabdomyoma in a 17-year-old male teenager who presented with chronic scrotal pain.
  • We further review the current literature of this rare tumor.
  • [MeSH-minor] Adolescent. Humans. Male. Scrotum. Spermatic Cord

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  • (PMID = 17448750.001).
  • [ISSN] 1531-5037
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of pediatric surgery
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Pediatr. Surg.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Number-of-references] 9
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75. Nielson CM, Schiaffino MK, Dunne EF, Salemi JL, Giuliano AR: Associations between male anogenital human papillomavirus infection and circumcision by anatomic site sampled and lifetime number of female sex partners. J Infect Dis; 2009 Jan 01;199(1):7-13
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  • Men were eligible if they reported sex with a woman within the past year, no history of genital warts or penile or anal cancer, and no current diagnosis of a sexually transmitted infection.
  • AORs were <1.0 but not statistically significant for the scrotum, semen, anal canal, and perianal area.

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  • [CommentIn] J Infect Dis. 2009 Jan 1;199(1):1-3 [19086812.001]
  • [CommentOn] J Infect Dis. 2009 Jan 1;199(1):14-9 [19086814.001]
  • [CommentOn] J Infect Dis. 2009 Jan 1;199(1):59-65 [19086815.001]
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  • (PMID = 19086813.001).
  • [ISSN] 0022-1899
  • [Journal-full-title] The Journal of infectious diseases
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Infect. Dis.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Grant] United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / R25 CA078447
  • [Publication-type] Comment; Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.
  • [Publication-country] United States
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76. Bleyl SB, Byrne JL, South ST, Dries DC, Stevenson DA, Rope AF, Vianna-Morgante AM, Schoenwolf GC, Kivlin JD, Brothman A, Carey JC: Brachymesomelic dysplasia with Peters anomaly of the eye results from disruptions of the X chromosome near the SHOX and SOX3 genes. Am J Med Genet A; 2007 Dec 1;143A(23):2785-95
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  • The additional features of developmental delay, growth retardation, agenesis of the corpus callosum, cryptorchidism and hypoplastic scrotum in the son are consistent with Xq28 duplication.

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  • [Copyright] (c) 2007 Wiley-Liss, Inc.
  • (PMID = 17994562.001).
  • [ISSN] 1552-4833
  • [Journal-full-title] American journal of medical genetics. Part A
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Am. J. Med. Genet. A
  • [Language] eng
  • [Grant] United States / NHLBI NIH HHS / HL / 1K08HL084559; United States / NIDCD NIH HHS / DC / DC04185; United States / NIDDK NIH HHS / DK / DK065941; United States / NIDDK NIH HHS / DK / DK066445
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / DNA Primers; 0 / DNA-Binding Proteins; 0 / High Mobility Group Proteins; 0 / Homeodomain Proteins; 0 / SHOX protein, human; 0 / SOX3 protein, human; 0 / SOXB1 Transcription Factors; 0 / Transcription Factors
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77. Malhotra P, Walia H, Singh A, Ramesh V: Leiomyoma cutis: a clinicopathological series of 37 cases. Indian J Dermatol; 2010 Oct;55(4):337-41
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  • BACKGROUND: Cutaneous leiomyomas are benign smooth muscle tumors that comprise three distinct types such as piloleimyoma, angioleiomyoma, and genital leiomyoma.
  • RESULTS: Twenty-seven cases of piloleiomyoma, three cases of angioleiomyoma, five breast leiomyomas, and two scrotal leiomyomas were seen in patients ranging from 21 to 65 years of age, with an average of 38.2 years at presentation.
  • This was followed by lower limb, face, breast, and scrotum.
  • CONCLUSION: Cutaneous leiomyomas are rare lesions and form an important clinical differential diagnosis of painful papulonodules.

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  • (PMID = 21430885.001).
  • [ISSN] 1998-3611
  • [Journal-full-title] Indian journal of dermatology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Indian J Dermatol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] India
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC3051292
  • [Keywords] NOTNLM ; Piloleiomyoma / angioleiomyoma / cutaneous leiomyoma / genital leiomyoma
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78. Robert R, Labat JJ, Riant T, Louppe JM, Hamel O: [The pudendal nerve: clinical and therapeutic morphogenesis, anatomy, and physiopathology]. Neurochirurgie; 2009 Oct;55(4-5):463-9
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  • Most often originating in the S3 root, it is responsible for the teguments of the perineum (glans penis, clitoris, scrotum, and the labia majora, the skin of the central fibrous perineal body, anus), but also the erector muscles and the striated sphincters.
  • The data from questioning the patient, the results of the neurological exam, and the at least momentary response to infiltration define the Nantes criteria, which confirm the diagnosis.
  • This disorder has become well known and should be remembered, thus sparing the patient from years of suffering and needless consultations for patients who do not present with organ disease, too often implicated instead of a true canal neuropathy, whose clinical manifestation and treatment have now been validated.

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  • (PMID = 19748642.001).
  • [ISSN] 0028-3770
  • [Journal-full-title] Neuro-Chirurgie
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Neurochirurgie
  • [Language] fre
  • [Publication-type] English Abstract; Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] France
  • [Number-of-references] 15
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79. Hoti SL, Pani SP, Vanamail P, Athisaya Mary K, Das LK, Das PK: Effect of a single dose of diethylcarbamazine, albendazole or both on the clearance of Wuchereria bancrofti microfilariae and antigenaemia among microfilaria carriers: a randomized trial. Natl Med J India; 2010 Mar-Apr;23(2):72-6
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  • Viability of the adult worms was assessed by looking for the filarial dance sign (FDS) using ultrasound examination of the scrotum in men with hydrocele.

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  • (PMID = 20925201.001).
  • [ISSN] 0970-258X
  • [Journal-full-title] The National medical journal of India
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Natl Med J India
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Randomized Controlled Trial; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] India
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Anthelmintics; 0 / Antigens, Helminth; F4216019LN / Albendazole; V867Q8X3ZD / Diethylcarbamazine
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80. Skiadas V, Antoniou A, Primetis H, Moulopoulos L, Vlahos L: Intratesticular arteriovenous malformation. Clinical course, ultrasound and MRI findings of an extremely rare lesion on a 7 year follow-up basis. Int Urol Nephrol; 2006;38(1):119-22
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  • Arteriovenous malformations of male genitalia have been reported in the literature (penis, scrotum, spermatic cord and epididimys).
  • [MeSH-major] Arteriovenous Malformations / diagnosis. Testis / blood supply

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  • (PMID = 16502065.001).
  • [ISSN] 0301-1623
  • [Journal-full-title] International urology and nephrology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Int Urol Nephrol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Netherlands
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81. Samaratunga H, Fitzpatrick P: Cellular angiofibroma of the scrotum. Pathology; 2008 Apr;40(3):330-3
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  • [Title] Cellular angiofibroma of the scrotum.
  • [MeSH-major] Angiofibroma / pathology. Genital Neoplasms, Male / pathology. Scrotum / pathology

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  • (PMID = 18428064.001).
  • [ISSN] 0031-3025
  • [Journal-full-title] Pathology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Pathology
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Letter
  • [Publication-country] England
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82. Muchenje V, Dzama K, Chimonyo M, Raats JG, Strydom PE: Tick susceptibility and its effects on growth performance and carcass characteristics of Nguni, Bonsmara and Angus steers raised on natural pasture. Animal; 2008 Feb;2(2):298-304
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  • Monthly weights and tick counts under the tail, on scrotum, belly, sternum and ears of the steers were recorded.

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  • (PMID = 22445024.001).
  • [ISSN] 1751-7311
  • [Journal-full-title] Animal : an international journal of animal bioscience
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Animal
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] England
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83. Dinotta F, De Pasquale R, Micali G: Secondary syphilis with exclusive peno-scrotal localization. G Ital Dermatol Venereol; 2009 Dec;144(6):725-8
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  • [Title] Secondary syphilis with exclusive peno-scrotal localization.
  • The diagnosis is not always easy, especially in secondary syphilis in which the cutaneous manifestations are quite variable and should be considered in the differential diagnosis.
  • A 26-year-old homosexual man had from some days papular lesions in the scrotum and penis.
  • On the basis of clinical history, clinical features and laboratory results, a diagnosis of secondary syphilis with an exclusive peno-scrotal localization was made and systemic therapy with diaminocillin was started that led to complete resolution of skin lesions and to significant reduction of sierologic values.
  • [MeSH-major] Penile Diseases / diagnosis. Scrotum / pathology. Skin Ulcer / diagnosis. Syphilis, Cutaneous / diagnosis
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Amdinocillin / therapeutic use. Anti-Bacterial Agents / therapeutic use. Anus Diseases / pathology. Chancre / pathology. Diagnosis, Differential. Factor VII Deficiency / complications. Homosexuality, Male. Humans. Male. Skin Neoplasms / diagnosis

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  • (PMID = 19907410.001).
  • [ISSN] 0392-0488
  • [Journal-full-title] Giornale italiano di dermatologia e venereologia : organo ufficiale, Società italiana di dermatologia e sifilografia
  • [ISO-abbreviation] G Ital Dermatol Venereol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Italy
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Anti-Bacterial Agents; V10579P3QZ / Amdinocillin
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84. Xu K, Ding Q, Yu J, Zheng J, Fang ZJ, Zhang YF: [Extramammary Paget's disease of the scrotum: report of 79 cases]. Zhonghua Zhong Liu Za Zhi; 2007 Apr;29(4):309-11
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  • [Title] [Extramammary Paget's disease of the scrotum: report of 79 cases].
  • OBJECTIVE: To investigate the clinicopathologic feature and treatment result as well as prognosis of Paget's disease of the scrotum.
  • METHODS: The data of 79 patients with Paget's disease of the scrotum confirmed pathologically from 1993 to 2004 were retrospectively analyzed.
  • CONCLUSION: The prognosis of Paget's disease of the scrotum after surgical resection is good.
  • [MeSH-major] Genital Neoplasms, Male / surgery. Paget Disease, Extramammary / surgery. Scrotum / surgery
  • [MeSH-minor] Aged. Aged, 80 and over. Follow-Up Studies. Humans. Inguinal Canal. Lymph Node Excision. Lymphatic Metastasis. Male. Middle Aged. Neoplasm Recurrence, Local. Prognosis. Retrospective Studies. Survival Analysis

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  • (PMID = 17760263.001).
  • [ISSN] 0253-3766
  • [Journal-full-title] Zhonghua zhong liu za zhi [Chinese journal of oncology]
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Zhonghua Zhong Liu Za Zhi
  • [Language] chi
  • [Publication-type] English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] China
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85. Siddique MK, Ahmad Rizvi ST, Amin MU, Aftab PA: Transverse testicular ectopia. J Coll Physicians Surg Pak; 2009 May;19(5):323-4
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  • A 5-year-old boy presented in surgical outpatient department with right inguinal hernia and impalpable testis in left scrotum and inguinal canal.
  • Left testis was found in right superficial inguinal pouch and brought to the left scrotum through transceptal window.
  • [MeSH-major] Choristoma / diagnosis. Cryptorchidism / diagnosis

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  • (PMID = 19409170.001).
  • [ISSN] 1022-386X
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of the College of Physicians and Surgeons--Pakistan : JCPSP
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Coll Physicians Surg Pak
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Pakistan
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86. Khaleghnejad-Tabari A, Mirshermirani A, Rouzrokh M, Mahmudi M, Baghaiepour MR, Ghaffari P, Hatamian B: Early exploration in the management of acute scrotum in children. Iran J Pediatr; 2010 Dec;20(4):466-70
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  • [Title] Early exploration in the management of acute scrotum in children.
  • OBJECTIVE: Acute scrotal conditions are a common clinical setting that present with pain and swelling of the hemiscrotum.
  • The aim of our study has been to evaluate the findings in boys operated on acute scrotum.
  • METHODS: A descriptive study was conducted on 100 patients with acute scrotum admitted to Mofid Children's Hospital from March 1993 to March 2007.
  • Data included history, age, primary symptoms, definite diagnosis, side involvement, paraclinical tests, imaging modalities, medical or surgical management and type of the surgery.
  • FINDINGS: Diagnosis was made mainly by clinical signs and symptoms and surgical exploration.
  • Torsion of testis (n=31) was the most common cause of acute scrotum followed by incarcerated inguinal hernia (n=30), torsion of testicular appendage (n=27), epididymo-orchitis (n=7), idiopathic scrotal edema (n=4) and hematocele (n=1).
  • CONCLUSION: Early exploration of scrotum based on careful physical examination excludes the risk of misdiagnosis by diagnostic procedures and unnecessary delay by diagnostic techniques.
  • Exploration of scrotum is a relatively safe and simple procedure with good cosmetic results, it also allows an accurate diagnosis to be made.

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  • (PMID = 23056747.001).
  • [ISSN] 2008-2150
  • [Journal-full-title] Iranian journal of pediatrics
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Iran J Pediatr
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Iran
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC3446083
  • [Keywords] NOTNLM ; Epididymitis / Orchitis / Scrotal Swelling / Scrotum / Testicular Torsion
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87. Diz Rodríguez MR, Vírseda Chamorro M, Ramírez García JR, Merino Royo E, Moreno Reyes A, Paños Lozano P: [Scrotal leiomyosarcoma with bone metastasis]. Actas Urol Esp; 2006 Jun;30(6):638-40
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  • [Title] [Scrotal leiomyosarcoma with bone metastasis].
  • A case of scrotum leiomyosarcoma is presented in a 87 year-old patient.
  • Bony metastasis were observed in the moment of the diagnosis.
  • [MeSH-major] Bone Neoplasms / secondary. Genital Neoplasms, Male / pathology. Leiomyosarcoma / secondary. Scrotum

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  • (PMID = 16921844.001).
  • [ISSN] 0210-4806
  • [Journal-full-title] Actas urologicas españolas
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Actas Urol Esp
  • [Language] spa
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; English Abstract; Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] Spain
  • [Number-of-references] 13
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88. Ecroyd H, Nixon B, Dacheux JL, Jones RC: Testicular descent, sperm maturation and capacitation. Lessons from our most distant relatives, the monotremes. Reprod Fertil Dev; 2009;21(8):992-1001
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  • The present review examines whether monotremes may help to resolve three questions relating to sperm production in mammals: why the testes descend into a scrotum in most mammals, why spermatozoa are infertile when they leave the testes and require a period of maturation in the specific milieu provided by the epididymides, and why ejaculated spermatozoa cannot immediately fertilise an ovum until they undergo capacitation within the female reproductive tract.

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  • (PMID = 19874723.001).
  • [ISSN] 1031-3613
  • [Journal-full-title] Reproduction, fertility, and development
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Reprod. Fertil. Dev.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't; Review
  • [Publication-country] Australia
  • [Number-of-references] 128
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89. Uguralp S, Usta U, Mizrak B: Resveratrol may reduce apoptosis of rat testicular germ cells after experimental testicular torsion. Eur J Pediatr Surg; 2005 Oct;15(5):333-6
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  • They were then repaired by counter-rotation and replaced into the scrotum.

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  • (PMID = 16254845.001).
  • [ISSN] 0939-7248
  • [Journal-full-title] European journal of pediatric surgery : official journal of Austrian Association of Pediatric Surgery ... [et al] = Zeitschrift für Kinderchirurgie
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Eur J Pediatr Surg
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Evaluation Studies; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Germany
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Stilbenes; Q369O8926L / resveratrol
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90. Aguiar-Santos AM, Leal-Cruz M, Netto MJ, Carrera A, Lima G, Rocha A: Lymph scrotum: an unusual urological presentation of lymphatic filariasis. A case series study. Rev Inst Med Trop Sao Paulo; 2009 Jul-Aug;51(4):179-83
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Lymph scrotum: an unusual urological presentation of lymphatic filariasis. A case series study.
  • Lymph scrotum is an unusual urological clinical presentation of LF with important medical, psychological, social and economic repercussions.
  • Over this period, 6,361 patients were attended and seven cases with lymph scrotum were identified.
  • The authors highlight the importance of the association between filarial infection and the inadequate surgical and clinical management of hydrocele in an endemic area, as risk factors for lymph scrotum.
  • [MeSH-major] Elephantiasis, Filarial / complications. Genital Diseases, Male / parasitology. Scrotum / parasitology. Wuchereria bancrofti

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  • (PMID = 19738996.001).
  • [ISSN] 1678-9946
  • [Journal-full-title] Revista do Instituto de Medicina Tropical de São Paulo
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Rev. Inst. Med. Trop. Sao Paulo
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] Brazil
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Antigens, Helminth
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91. Soccorso G, Ninan GK, Rajimwale A, Nour S: Acute scrotum: is scrotal exploration the best management? Eur J Pediatr Surg; 2010 Sep;20(5):312-5
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  • [Title] Acute scrotum: is scrotal exploration the best management?
  • AIM: Selective scrotal exploration of only those boys believed to have testicular torsion (TT), relying on history and clinical examination for diagnosis, can result in a missed or delayed diagnosis of TT.
  • To minimise testicular loss we propose early scrotal exploration in all boys with acute scrotum (AS).
  • The 135 boys who underwent scrotal exploration were divided into three groups: Group A (47 boys) with a history and clinical features considered preoperatively to be consistent with torsion of appendix of testis (TAT); Group B (46 boys) whose characteristics were thought to be more consistent with TT; and finally Group C (42 boys) in whom a preoperative definitive diagnosis could not be made.
  • CONCLUSION: Surgical exploration in all cases of paediatric AS offers an accurate diagnosis and treatment, thus minimising the risk of testicular loss.
  • [MeSH-major] Scrotum / surgery. Spermatic Cord Torsion / surgery

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  • [Copyright] © Georg Thieme Verlag KG Stuttgart · New York.
  • (PMID = 20577950.001).
  • [ISSN] 1439-359X
  • [Journal-full-title] European journal of pediatric surgery : official journal of Austrian Association of Pediatric Surgery ... [et al] = Zeitschrift für Kinderchirurgie
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Eur J Pediatr Surg
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Germany
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92. Biswas M, Rahi R, Tiwary SK, Khanna R, Khanna AK: Isolated tuberculosis of testis. Kathmandu Univ Med J (KUMJ); 2006 Jan-Mar;4(1):98-9
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • We report a case of left sided epididymo-orchitis and scrotal involvement due to tuberculosis in a young male patient.
  • The diagnosis was suspected on clinical examination of scrotum and confirmed by FNAC of scrotal and testis.
  • Key words: infection, scrotum, treatment.
  • [MeSH-major] Testicular Diseases / diagnosis. Tuberculosis, Male Genital / diagnosis
  • [MeSH-minor] Adolescent. Antitubercular Agents / therapeutic use. Epididymitis / diagnosis. Epididymitis / drug therapy. Humans. Male. Orchitis / diagnosis. Orchitis / drug therapy

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  • (PMID = 18603879.001).
  • [ISSN] 1812-2027
  • [Journal-full-title] Kathmandu University medical journal (KUMJ)
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Kathmandu Univ Med J (KUMJ)
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Nepal
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Antitubercular Agents
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93. Costanza M, Policha A, Amankwah K, Gahtan V: Treatment of bleeding varicose veins of the scrotum with percutaneous coil embolization of the left spermatic vein: a case report. Vasc Endovascular Surg; 2007 Feb-Mar;41(1):73-6
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Treatment of bleeding varicose veins of the scrotum with percutaneous coil embolization of the left spermatic vein: a case report.
  • Percutaneous coil embolization of the spermatic vein offers a minimally invasive method for treating symptomatic varicose veins of the scrotum.
  • We describe the case of a 63-year-old man with multiple comorbidities and persistent bleeding from scrotal varicosities.
  • Percutaneous coil embolization of the left spermatic vein completely resolved the bleeding from the left side of the patient's scrotum.
  • Although many vascular specialists possess the technical skills to perform this procedure, they may not be familiar with its use in the treatment of scrotal varicosities and varicoceles.
  • [MeSH-major] Embolization, Therapeutic / methods. Hemorrhage / etiology. Scrotum / blood supply. Spermatic Cord / blood supply. Varicocele / therapy. Varicose Veins / therapy

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  • (PMID = 17277247.001).
  • [ISSN] 1538-5744
  • [Journal-full-title] Vascular and endovascular surgery
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Vasc Endovascular Surg
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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94. Herr HW: 'Cello scrotum' hoax. BJU Int; 2009 Jun;103(11):1585
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] 'Cello scrotum' hoax.
  • [MeSH-major] Deception. Music. Occupational Diseases / etiology. Scrotum / injuries

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  • (PMID = 19489796.001).
  • [ISSN] 1464-410X
  • [Journal-full-title] BJU international
  • [ISO-abbreviation] BJU Int.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Letter
  • [Publication-country] England
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95. Oak SN, Parelkar SV, K R, Pathak R, Viswanath N, Akhtar T, Kolar SV: Large inguinal hernia in infants: is laparoscopic repair the answer? J Laparoendosc Adv Surg Tech A; 2007 Feb;17(1):114-8
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  • MATERIALS AND METHODS: Sixteen male infants with large inguinal hernias (hernia extending to the bottom of the scrotum and the diameter of the open internal ring > 2 cm on laparoscopy) underwent laparoscopic hernia repair.

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  • (PMID = 17362187.001).
  • [ISSN] 1092-6429
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of laparoendoscopic & advanced surgical techniques. Part A
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Laparoendosc Adv Surg Tech A
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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96. Kelemen Z: [Reconstructive surgery of penile deformities and tissue deficiencies]. Orv Hetil; 2009 May 31;150(22):1023-9
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  • The best results of skin replacement were achieved by temporary embedding of the penis in scrotum.

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  • (PMID = 19465350.001).
  • [ISSN] 0030-6002
  • [Journal-full-title] Orvosi hetilap
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Orv Hetil
  • [Language] hun
  • [Publication-type] English Abstract; Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] Hungary
  • [Number-of-references] 31
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97. Tackett LD, Patel SR, Caldamone AA: A history of cryptorchidism: lessons from the eighteenth century. J Pediatr Urol; 2007 Dec;3(6):426-32
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  • (1) Arthur Dean Bevan's division of the processus vaginalis to prevent reascent and his stress on the importance of adequate mobilization of the spermatic cord, (2) the description by Robert Prentiss of surgical triangles which allowed for mobilization of the spermatic cord and placement of the testis into the scrotum without tension, and (3) Lattimer's subdartos pouch.

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  • (PMID = 18947789.001).
  • [ISSN] 1873-4898
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of pediatric urology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Pediatr Urol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] England
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98. Bogatcheva NV, Agoulnik AI: INSL3/LGR8 role in testicular descent and cryptorchidism. Reprod Biomed Online; 2005 Jan;10(1):49-54
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • Cryptorchidism, generally referred to a failure of testicular descent into the scrotum, is the most frequent (up to 3-4% at birth) congenital anomaly in newborn boys.

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  • (PMID = 15705294.001).
  • [ISSN] 1472-6483
  • [Journal-full-title] Reproductive biomedicine online
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Reprod. Biomed. Online
  • [Language] ENG
  • [Grant] United States / NICHD NIH HHS / HD / HD037067-05; United States / NICHD NIH HHS / HD / R01 HD037067; United States / NICHD NIH HHS / HD / R01 HD037067-05
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.; Review
  • [Publication-country] Netherlands
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Insulin; 0 / Leydig insulin-like protein; 0 / Proteins
  • [Number-of-references] 48
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99. Abdel-Razek A, Ali A: Developmental changes of bull (Bos taurus) genitalia as evaluated by caliper and ultrasonography. Reprod Domest Anim; 2005 Feb;40(1):23-7
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  • Scrotum circumference (SC) and length were measured by tape.
  • Scrotal contents including testes and epididymis, and the pelvic genitalia including bulbourethral gland (BUG), prostate and seminal glands (SG) were examined using transrectal ultrasonography.
  • Scrotal circumference, length and the three dimensions of the testes showed significant increase with the advancement of age.
  • [MeSH-minor] Aging. Animals. Animals, Newborn. Male. Prostate / growth & development. Prostate / ultrasonography. Scrotum / growth & development. Scrotum / ultrasonography. Ultrasonography / veterinary

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  • (PMID = 15654997.001).
  • [ISSN] 0936-6768
  • [Journal-full-title] Reproduction in domestic animals = Zuchthygiene
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Reprod. Domest. Anim.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Germany
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100. Lim Dh, Kim CS, Kim SI: Sparganosis presenting as spermatic cord hydrocele in six-year-old boy. Urology; 2007 Dec;70(6):1223.e1-2
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  • Urogenital sparganosis usually presents as a palpable subcutaneous nodule in the groin, labia, or scrotum.
  • It can also present as a tumor in the epididymis and testis.
  • [MeSH-major] Genital Diseases, Male / diagnosis. Sparganosis / diagnosis. Spermatic Cord. Testicular Hydrocele / diagnosis
  • [MeSH-minor] Child. Diagnosis, Differential. Humans. Male

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  • (PMID = 18158059.001).
  • [ISSN] 1527-9995
  • [Journal-full-title] Urology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Urology
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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