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Items 1 to 68 of about 68
1. Saleh MM, Yassin AH, Zaklama MS: Recurrent angiomyofibroblastoma of the vagina: a case report. Eur J Gynaecol Oncol; 2007;28(4):324
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  • Angiomyofibroblastoma is a rare tumour of the superficial soft tissue of the pelvis and perineum.
  • It is considered to be a slowly growing benign tumour.
  • We report a recurrent case of this tumour with no evidence of malignant transformation.
  • [MeSH-major] Neoplasm Recurrence, Local / pathology. Neoplasms, Muscle Tissue / pathology. Vaginal Neoplasms / pathology

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  • (PMID = 17713105.001).
  • [ISSN] 0392-2936
  • [Journal-full-title] European journal of gynaecological oncology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Eur. J. Gynaecol. Oncol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Italy
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2. Lersundi A, Mankin HJ, Mourikis A, Hornicek FJ: Chondromyxoid fibroma: a rarely encountered and puzzling tumor. Clin Orthop Relat Res; 2005 Oct;439:171-5
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  • [Title] Chondromyxoid fibroma: a rarely encountered and puzzling tumor.
  • Chondromyxoid fibroma is an uncommon bone neoplasm, accounting in our series for less than 1% of all connective tissue tumors.
  • The tumor is more common in males, and located mostly in the metaphyseal areas of the lower extremity.
  • The tumor is benign and there have been no reports of metastases.
  • The method of treatment that has been used since the initial identification of the tumor has been curettage, which has a 20-25% recurrence rate.
  • Most of the tumors were in the pelvis, proximal tibia, distal femur, and foot.
  • [MeSH-minor] Adolescent. Adult. Aged. Child. Female. Femur / pathology. Femur / radiography. Femur / surgery. Humans. Male. Middle Aged. Neoplasm Recurrence, Local. Pelvic Bones / pathology. Pelvic Bones / radiography. Pelvic Bones / surgery. Tibia / pathology. Tibia / radiography. Tibia / surgery. Transplantation, Homologous

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  • (PMID = 16205156.001).
  • [ISSN] 0009-921X
  • [Journal-full-title] Clinical orthopaedics and related research
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Clin. Orthop. Relat. Res.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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3. El-Attar HA, Ragab MS, Sheta MI, Ahmed AS: Hepatocyte growth factor in Egyptian females with breast benign lumps and cancers. Asian Pac J Cancer Prev; 2010;11(4):893-6
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  • [Title] Hepatocyte growth factor in Egyptian females with breast benign lumps and cancers.
  • OBJECTIVE: Estimation of the plasma level of HGF in females with benign breast lumps or breast carcinomas and correlating levels with important prognostic parameters.
  • SUBJECTS: Sixty eight adult premenopausal females were divided into control group of fifteen healthy volunteers and fifty-three patients subdivided into fifteen with benign breast lumps and thirty-eight with breast carcinomas.
  • METHODS: A thorough clinical examination, plain chest x-rays, ultrasonography of the abdomen and pelvis, pre- operative fine needle aspiration cytology, estimation of fasting serum glucose, urea, creatinine and uric acid levels, alanine aminotransferase activities, C-reactive protein, HGF level and histopathological examination of the breast masses were performed.
  • RESULTS: Significant increase in HGF levels was found in patients with benign breast lumps and in breast cancer patients when each was compared to controls and when cancer patients were compared to the benign breast lumps group.
  • [MeSH-minor] Age Factors. Egypt. Female. Fibrocystic Breast Disease / blood. Humans. Inflammation / blood. Lymphatic Metastasis. Middle Aged. Neoplasm Staging. Prognosis. Receptors, Estrogen / metabolism. Receptors, Progesterone / metabolism. Tumor Burden


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4. Koh DM, Hughes M, Husband JE: Cross-sectional imaging of nodal metastases in the abdomen and pelvis. Abdom Imaging; 2006 Nov-Dec;31(6):632-43
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  • [Title] Cross-sectional imaging of nodal metastases in the abdomen and pelvis.
  • The measurement of nodal size is still the most widely used criteria for discriminating between benign and malignant nodes.
  • [MeSH-major] Abdomen. Diagnostic Imaging / methods. Lymphatic Metastasis / diagnosis. Pelvis
  • [MeSH-minor] Humans. Lymphography / methods. Magnetic Resonance Imaging / methods. Neoplasm Staging. Tomography, Emission-Computed / methods. Tomography, X-Ray Computed / methods

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  • (PMID = 16897278.001).
  • [ISSN] 0942-8925
  • [Journal-full-title] Abdominal imaging
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Abdom Imaging
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Number-of-references] 63
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5. Jeda A, Karoń J, Rak M: [The nodule of the small intestine--a rare case of benign metastasizing leiomyoma]. Ginekol Pol; 2009 Sep;80(9):716-9
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  • [Title] [The nodule of the small intestine--a rare case of benign metastasizing leiomyoma].
  • [Transliterated title] Guzek jelita cienkiego--rzadki przypadek mieśniaka przerzutowego (benign metastasizing leiomyoma).
  • The diagnosis of benign metastasizing leiomyoma BML is a casuic case.
  • In the world literature there are reports of benign metastasizing leiomyomas in the lungs, skull base and spine, the lymph nodes of the small pelvis and the heart.
  • [MeSH-minor] Aged. Female. Humans. Hysterectomy. Intestine, Small. Neoplasm Metastasis. Treatment Outcome

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  • (PMID = 19886249.001).
  • [ISSN] 0017-0011
  • [Journal-full-title] Ginekologia polska
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Ginekol. Pol.
  • [Language] pol
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Poland
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6. Weber K, Damron TA, Frassica FJ, Sim FH: Malignant bone tumors. Instr Course Lect; 2008;57:673-88
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  • The primary symptom of a patient with a malignant bone tumor is pain, which often occurs at rest or at night.
  • Knowledge of specific tumor characteristics and treatment options for osteosarcoma, Ewing's sarcoma, chondrosarcoma, malignant fibrous histiocytoma, chordoma, and adamantinoma is important.
  • Secondary sarcomas can occur in previously benign bone lesions and require aggressive treatment.
  • Specific techniques are available for the resection of malignant bone tumors from the upper extremities, lower extremities, pelvis, and spine.
  • [MeSH-minor] Global Health. Humans. Morbidity. Neoplasm Staging / methods. Prognosis

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  • (PMID = 18399615.001).
  • [ISSN] 0065-6895
  • [Journal-full-title] Instructional course lectures
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Instr Course Lect
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't; Review
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Number-of-references] 42
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7. Magtibay PM, Salmon Z, Keeney GL, Podratz KC: Aggressive angiomyxoma of the female pelvis and perineum: a case series. Int J Gynecol Cancer; 2006 Jan-Feb;16(1):396-401
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  • [Title] Aggressive angiomyxoma of the female pelvis and perineum: a case series.
  • These tumors are benign, locally infiltrative mesenchymal neoplasms with a predilection for the female pelvis and perineum and a tendency to recur.
  • Surgical excision remains the mainstay of treatment, but whether clear, tumor-free surgical margins are necessary is controversial.
  • [MeSH-major] Biomarkers, Tumor / analysis. Myxoma / pathology. Pelvic Neoplasms / pathology. Perineum / pathology
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Biopsy, Needle. Female. Gynecologic Surgical Procedures / methods. Humans. Immunohistochemistry. Middle Aged. Neoplasm Staging. Prognosis. Receptors, Estrogen / analysis. Receptors, Progesterone / analysis. Risk Assessment. Sampling Studies. Survival Analysis. Treatment Outcome

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  • (PMID = 16445665.001).
  • [ISSN] 1048-891X
  • [Journal-full-title] International journal of gynecological cancer : official journal of the International Gynecological Cancer Society
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Int. J. Gynecol. Cancer
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Biomarkers, Tumor; 0 / Receptors, Estrogen; 0 / Receptors, Progesterone
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8. Guillem JG, Chessin DB, Jeong SY, Kim W, Fogarty JM: Contemporary applications of transanal endoscopic microsurgery: technical innovations and limitations. Clin Colorectal Cancer; 2005 Nov;5(4):268-73
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  • PURPOSE: Transanal endoscopic microsurgery (TEM) is a minimally invasive procedure used to transanally excise select benign and malignant tumors of the rectum.
  • In addition, a PubMed literature search was performed with use of the key words "transanal endoscopic microsurgery," "TEM," "rectal tumor," and "rectal cancer."
  • Median tumor location was 9 cm from the anal verge (range, 3-15 cm).
  • Reasons for inability to complete TEM included narrow rectal lumen or contour of bony pelvis prohibiting passage of the operating proctoscope into the upper rectum and inability to maintain the proctoscope in the rectal lumen with carbon dioxide insufflation because of the distal location of the tumor.
  • [MeSH-major] Adenocarcinoma / surgery. Adenoma / surgery. Carcinoid Tumor / surgery. Colonoscopy / methods. Rectal Neoplasms / surgery
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Aged. Aged, 80 and over. Anal Canal. Female. Humans. Male. Microsurgery. Middle Aged. Neoplasm Staging. Treatment Outcome

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  • (PMID = 16356304.001).
  • [ISSN] 1533-0028
  • [Journal-full-title] Clinical colorectal cancer
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Clin Colorectal Cancer
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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9. Gleason BC, Fletcher CD: Deep "benign" fibrous histiocytoma: clinicopathologic analysis of 69 cases of a rare tumor indicating occasional metastatic potential. Am J Surg Pathol; 2008 Mar;32(3):354-62
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  • [Title] Deep "benign" fibrous histiocytoma: clinicopathologic analysis of 69 cases of a rare tumor indicating occasional metastatic potential.
  • Benign fibrous histiocytoma (FH) is one of the most common mesenchymal neoplasms of the skin.
  • Deep benign FH is an uncommon and poorly recognized clinical subtype that arises in subcutaneous or deep soft tissue.
  • The most common anatomic location was the extremities (58%); the remainder arose on the head and neck (22%), trunk (11%), and in the deep soft tissue of the retroperitoneum, mediastinum, or pelvis (9%).
  • Of the 37 patients for whom clinical follow-up was available (median, 40 mo), 8 (22%) had a local recurrence; in all 8 cases, the tumor had been marginally or incompletely excised.
  • The metastasizing tumors were large (6 and 9 cm) and 1 had tumor necrosis but they were otherwise histologically identical to the nonmetastasizing lesions.
  • [MeSH-major] Histiocytoma, Benign Fibrous / pathology. Neoplasm Metastasis / pathology. Skin Neoplasms / pathology. Soft Tissue Neoplasms / pathology
  • [MeSH-minor] Actins / analysis. Adolescent. Adult. Aged. Aged, 80 and over. Antigens, CD34 / analysis. Child. Desmin / analysis. Female. Humans. Immunohistochemistry. Male. Middle Aged. Mitosis. Necrosis. Neoplasm Recurrence, Local

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  • (PMID = 18300816.001).
  • [ISSN] 0147-5185
  • [Journal-full-title] The American journal of surgical pathology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Am. J. Surg. Pathol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Actins; 0 / Antigens, CD34; 0 / Desmin
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10. Bhosale P, Peungjesada S, Devine C, Balachandran A, Iyer R: Role of magnetic resonance imaging as an adjunct to clinical staging in cervical carcinoma. J Comput Assist Tomogr; 2010 Nov-Dec;34(6):855-64
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  • Magnetic resonance imaging depicts the morphological details of the female pelvis and is useful for evaluating both benign and malignant cervical masses.
  • The prognosis of cervical cancer is determined not only by stage, but also by nodal status, tumor volume, and depth of invasion, none of which are included in the FIGO guidelines.
  • [MeSH-minor] Contrast Media. Female. Humans. Lymphatic Metastasis / pathology. Neoplasm Staging. Sensitivity and Specificity


11. Saikali S, Paumier V, Garrelon JL, Le Gall F: [Facial primary cutaneous ganglioneuroma]. Ann Pathol; 2009 Apr;29(2):138-41
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  • [Transliterated title] Ganglioneurome cutané primitif de la face.
  • Ganglioneuroma is a benign neoplasm of the sympathetic nervous system most often arising in the posterior mediastinum, retroperitoneum, adrenal medulla and pelvis.

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  • (PMID = 19364589.001).
  • [ISSN] 0242-6498
  • [Journal-full-title] Annales de pathologie
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Ann Pathol
  • [Language] fre
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] France
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12. Ohlmann CH, Ozgür E, Schrader AJ, Konrad L, Hofmann R, Engelmann U, Heidenreich A: Detection of circulating tumor cells in patients with renal cell carcinoma by reverse transcriptase polymerase chain reaction for G250/MNCA-9: results of a prospective trial. Urol Oncol; 2006 Jul-Aug;24(4):287-93
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  • [Title] Detection of circulating tumor cells in patients with renal cell carcinoma by reverse transcriptase polymerase chain reaction for G250/MNCA-9: results of a prospective trial.
  • The transperitoneal approach is often favored compared to the retroperitoneal approach because of the early ligation of the renal vessels, thereby tumor cell shedding by manipulation of the tumor is thought to be avoided.
  • The aim of our study was to investigate the influence of the surgical technique on intraoperative tumor cell shedding.
  • Evaluation of MNCA-9 RT-PCR revealed no difference according to operative technique, tumor-nodes-metastasis, or clinical tumor stage.
  • Despite this result, we found positive RT-PCR signals for MNCA-9 in patients with transitional cell cancer of the renal pelvis and benign renal lesions.
  • Furthermore, the retroperitoneal approach does not bear the risk of intraoperative tumor cell shedding by the handling of the tumor.
  • [MeSH-major] Antigens, Neoplasm / genetics. Carbonic Anhydrases / genetics. Carcinoma, Renal Cell / pathology. Kidney Neoplasms / pathology. Neoplastic Cells, Circulating. Reverse Transcriptase Polymerase Chain Reaction / methods

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  • (PMID = 16818180.001).
  • [ISSN] 1078-1439
  • [Journal-full-title] Urologic oncology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Urol. Oncol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Antigens, Neoplasm; EC 4.2.1.1 / CA9 protein, human; EC 4.2.1.1 / Carbonic Anhydrases
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13. Østergaard JR, Smith T, Stausbøl-Grøn B: Intraneural perineurioma of the sciatic nerve in early childhood. Pediatr Neurol; 2009 Jul;41(1):68-70
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  • Intraneural perineurioma is an uncommon benign neoplasm characterized by focal perineural cell proliferation.
  • [MeSH-minor] Child, Preschool. Diagnosis, Differential. Electromyography. Humans. Magnetic Resonance Imaging. Male. Muscle, Skeletal / pathology. Muscle, Skeletal / physiopathology. Pelvis / pathology. Peroneal Neuropathies / diagnosis

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  • (PMID = 19520281.001).
  • [ISSN] 1873-5150
  • [Journal-full-title] Pediatric neurology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Pediatr. Neurol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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14. Hatori M, Watanabe M, Kotake H, Kokubun S: Chondrosarcoma of the ring finger: a case report and review of the literature. Tohoku J Exp Med; 2006 Mar;208(3):275-81
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  • Enchondromas are the most common benign cartilaginous bone tumors arising in the medullary cavity of the small bones of the hand.
  • In contrast, chondrosarcomas, commonly occurring in the pelvis and proximal femur and humerus, are very uncommon at this site.
  • The findings of cortical irregular thickening by plain radiography and computed tomography and soft tissue extension by magnetic resonance imaging suggested the tumor was chondrosarcoma rather than a common enchondroma.
  • Histological examination revealed that the tumor was composed of polygonal cells with eosinophilic cytoplasm proliferating in the chondromatous matrix with partially myxoid changes.
  • Nuclear irregularity, binucleated cells, bone permeation and encasement were observed and the tumor was diagnosed as grade 2 chondrosarcoma.
  • The tumor recurred five months after surgery.
  • In conclusion, details of radiological as well as pathological findings are essential for differential diagnosis between benign enchondroma and chondrosarcoma in the hand.
  • [MeSH-minor] Aged, 80 and over. Chondroma / diagnosis. Diagnosis, Differential. Disease-Free Survival. Follow-Up Studies. Humans. Magnetic Resonance Imaging. Male. Neoplasm Recurrence, Local / pathology. Neoplasm Recurrence, Local / surgery. Time Factors. Tomography, X-Ray Computed. Treatment Outcome

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  • (PMID = 16498237.001).
  • [ISSN] 0040-8727
  • [Journal-full-title] The Tohoku journal of experimental medicine
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Tohoku J. Exp. Med.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Japan
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15. Yilmaz MH, Ozguroglu M, Mert D, Turna H, Demir G, Adaletli I, Ulus S, Halac M, Kanberoğlu K: Diagnostic value of magnetic resonance imaging and scintigraphy in patients with metastatic breast cancer of the axial skeleton: a comparative study. Med Oncol; 2008;25(3):257-63
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  • Four lesions detected by MRI were classified as of uncertain origin (grade 2) and 36 lesions were regarded as definitely benign (grade 1).
  • A total of 29 lesions were considered as of uncertain origin (grade 2), and 26 lesions were regarded as definitely benign (grade 1).
  • About five lesions were graded as grade 2 in scintigraphy, while MRI graded them as degeneration or benign compression (Grade 1).
  • MRI appears to be able to screen patients more effectively than scintigraphy if the spine and pelvis are included because metastases merely outside the axial skeleton are rare.
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Aged. Aged, 80 and over. Diphosphonates. Female. Humans. Male. Middle Aged. Neoplasm Staging. Organotechnetium Compounds. Predictive Value of Tests. Radiography. Radionuclide Imaging. Sensitivity and Specificity. Whole Body Imaging

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  • (PMID = 18040900.001).
  • [ISSN] 1357-0560
  • [Journal-full-title] Medical oncology (Northwood, London, England)
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Med. Oncol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Comparative Study; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Diphosphonates; 0 / Organotechnetium Compounds; 0 / technetium 99m methylene bisphosphonate
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16. Madhuvrata P, Jayachandran MC, Edmonds DK, Agarwal S, El-Bahrawy M: Retroperitoneal solitary fibrous tumour arising from the pelvis in women--a case report and review of literature. J Obstet Gynaecol; 2005 Feb;25(2):189-92
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Retroperitoneal solitary fibrous tumour arising from the pelvis in women--a case report and review of literature.
  • A solitary fibrous tumour is an unusual spindle cell neoplasm that most frequently occurs in the pleura based intrathoracic region.
  • They are usually benign but malignant solitary fibrous tumours have also been reported (Nielson et al. 1997).
  • There is far less information about the clinical behaviour of an extra thoracic solitary fibrous tumour unlike intrathoracic tumours which is well reported in many case series (England et al. 1989).
  • [MeSH-minor] Diagnosis, Differential. Female. Humans. Magnetic Resonance Imaging. Middle Aged. Pelvis. Postmenopause

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  • (PMID = 15814404.001).
  • [ISSN] 0144-3615
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of obstetrics and gynaecology : the journal of the Institute of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Obstet Gynaecol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Number-of-references] 12
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17. Schulte T, Kahlke V: [Mass of the pelvis minor--the coloproctological point of view]. Ther Umsch; 2007 Jul;64(7):389-94
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] [Mass of the pelvis minor--the coloproctological point of view].
  • The pelvis minor is cranial defined by the promontory and caudal by the pelvic diaphragm.
  • The rectum is the origin of benign and malign tumors.
  • Most frequently you find under these tumors the benign adenoma and hamartoma and the malign like the rectal and anal cancer.
  • The further diagnostic work up and following therapy relates to the histology and the anatomical location of the tumor.
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Colonoscopy. Combined Modality Therapy. Diagnosis, Differential. Endosonography. Humans. Middle Aged. Neoplasm Staging. Postoperative Care. Proctoscopy. Rectum / pathology. Tomography, X-Ray Computed

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  • (PMID = 17948756.001).
  • [ISSN] 0040-5930
  • [Journal-full-title] Therapeutische Umschau. Revue thérapeutique
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Ther Umsch
  • [Language] ger
  • [Publication-type] Comparative Study; English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Switzerland
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18. Garg K, Soslow RA, Rivera M, Tuttle MR, Ghossein RA: Histologically bland "extremely well differentiated" thyroid carcinomas arising in struma ovarii can recur and metastasize. Int J Gynecol Pathol; 2009 May;28(3):222-30
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • Two of the 10 thyroid carcinomas relapsed after an initial diagnosis of "benign" struma.
  • Both patients presented with disseminated PTC 3 and 4 years after the initial diagnosis, involving the pelvis in both cases and also the liver parenchyma in 1 case.
  • [MeSH-major] Neoplasm Recurrence, Local / pathology. Neoplasms, Multiple Primary / pathology. Ovarian Neoplasms / pathology. Pregnancy Complications, Neoplastic / pathology. Struma Ovarii / pathology. Thyroid Neoplasms / pathology

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  • (PMID = 19620939.001).
  • [ISSN] 1538-7151
  • [Journal-full-title] International journal of gynecological pathology : official journal of the International Society of Gynecological Pathologists
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Int. J. Gynecol. Pathol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Iodine Isotopes
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19. Iascone C, Sadighi A, Ruperto M, Paliotta A, Borrini F, Mingazzini P: Pleomorphic hyalinizing angiectatic tumour of the mesorectal soft tissue. A case report and review of the literatre. Chir Ital; 2008 Jan-Feb;60(1):159-63
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Pleomorphic hyalinizing angiectatic tumour of the mesorectal soft tissue. A case report and review of the literatre.
  • The case reported here is one of 22 cases published in the medical literature and describes a pleomorphic hyalinizing angiectatic tumour which was localized in a body cavity and developed in the pelvis.
  • [MeSH-minor] Antigens, CD34 / analysis. Biomarkers, Tumor / analysis. Diagnosis, Differential. Female. Histiocytoma, Benign Fibrous / diagnosis. Humans. Incidental Findings. Middle Aged. Neoplasm Proteins / analysis. Neurilemmoma / diagnosis. Prognosis. Stromal Cells / pathology. Tomography, X-Ray Computed. Vimentin / analysis

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  • (PMID = 18389762.001).
  • [ISSN] 0009-4773
  • [Journal-full-title] Chirurgia italiana
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Chir Ital
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] Italy
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Antigens, CD34; 0 / Biomarkers, Tumor; 0 / Neoplasm Proteins; 0 / Vimentin
  • [Number-of-references] 15
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20. Spannuth WA, Leath CA 3rd, Conner MG, Alvarez RD: Inflammatory pseudotumor of pelvic lymph nodes. Obstet Gynecol; 2006 Sep;108(3 Pt 2):779-82
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • BACKGROUND: Inflammatory pseudotumor is a rare benign cause of lymphadenopathy previously reported in several anatomic locations that can simulate malignant neoplasm.
  • Computed tomography of the abdomen and pelvis demonstrated an ill-defined, retroperitoneal soft-tissue density, and lymphadenopathy.
  • [MeSH-minor] Fallopian Tubes / surgery. Female. Fever. Humans. Hysterectomy. Immunohistochemistry. Leiomyoma / pathology. Leiomyoma / surgery. Leukocytosis. Lymph Node Excision. Ovariectomy. Pelvic Pain. Pelvis. Postmenopause. Tomography, X-Ray Computed. Uterine Neoplasms / pathology. Uterine Neoplasms / surgery

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  • (PMID = 17018500.001).
  • [ISSN] 0029-7844
  • [Journal-full-title] Obstetrics and gynecology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Obstet Gynecol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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21. Testa AC, Bourne TH: Characterising pelvic masses using ultrasound. Best Pract Res Clin Obstet Gynaecol; 2009 Oct;23(5):725-38
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • It is necessary to diagnose the primary site or origin of the lesion; understand whether the lesion is an intra- or an extra-peritoneal lesion; distinguish whether the structure of interest is 'functional' and transitory or if we are dealing with a persistent mass; attempt to discriminate between the benign or malignant nature of the lesion; formulate a specific diagnosis; and furthermore, in the case of a possible malignant mass, define the stage of the disease process.
  • This article will concentrate on the characterisation of pelvic masses that may be encountered by any examiner in the course of an assessment of the female pelvis.
  • [MeSH-minor] Adnexal Diseases / etiology. Diagnosis, Differential. Female. Humans. Neoplasm Staging

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  • (PMID = 19303367.001).
  • [ISSN] 1532-1932
  • [Journal-full-title] Best practice & research. Clinical obstetrics & gynaecology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Best Pract Res Clin Obstet Gynaecol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] Netherlands
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22. Berrebi O, Steiner C, Keller A, Rougemont AL, Ratib O: F-18 fluorodeoxyglucose (FDG) PET in the diagnosis of malignant transformation of fibrous dysplasia in the pelvic bones. Clin Nucl Med; 2008 Jul;33(7):469-71
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • Fibrous dysplasia (FD) is a benign dysplastic pathology of bone-forming mesenchymal cells, resulting in replacement of trabecular bone by abnormal fibrous and immature osseous tissue.
  • [MeSH-major] Fibrous Dysplasia of Bone / diagnosis. Fibrous Dysplasia of Bone / radionuclide imaging. Fluorodeoxyglucose F18. Pelvis / radionuclide imaging. Radiopharmaceuticals
  • [MeSH-minor] Bone and Bones / radionuclide imaging. Cell Proliferation. Cell Transformation, Neoplastic. Fatal Outcome. Female. Humans. Middle Aged. Neoplasm Metastasis. Positron-Emission Tomography / methods. Sarcoma / diagnosis

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  • (PMID = 18580231.001).
  • [ISSN] 1536-0229
  • [Journal-full-title] Clinical nuclear medicine
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Clin Nucl Med
  • [Language] eng
  • [Databank-accession-numbers] OMIM/ 174800
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Radiopharmaceuticals; 0Z5B2CJX4D / Fluorodeoxyglucose F18
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23. Laspas F, Roussakis A, Papadopoulos S, Fanariotis I, Kritikos N, Kehagias D: Mixed tumor of the vagina: sonographic and magnetic resonance imaging findings. Ultrasound Obstet Gynecol; 2010 May;35(5):617-9
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Mixed tumor of the vagina: sonographic and magnetic resonance imaging findings.
  • Mixed tumor of the vagina is a rare benign neoplasm that is composed of epithelial and mesenchymal cells.
  • The majority of tumors are asymptomatic and simple tumor excision is curative.
  • Magnetic resonance imaging of the pelvis showed a well-circumscribed ovoid mass (2.0 x 2.5 cm) on the left lateral vaginal wall.

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  • [Copyright] Copyright 2009 ISUOG. Published by John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
  • (PMID = 20069660.001).
  • [ISSN] 1469-0705
  • [Journal-full-title] Ultrasound in obstetrics & gynecology : the official journal of the International Society of Ultrasound in Obstetrics and Gynecology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Ultrasound Obstet Gynecol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] England
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24. Kawamura S, Nakamura T, Oya T, Ishizawa S, Sakai Y, Tanaka T, Saito S, Fukuoka J: Advanced malignant solitary fibrous tumor in pelvis responding to radiation therapy. Pathol Int; 2007 Apr;57(4):213-8
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Advanced malignant solitary fibrous tumor in pelvis responding to radiation therapy.
  • Solitary fibrous tumor (SFT) is a rare spindle cell neoplasm that is benign in most cases.
  • Herein is reported a case of a 74-year-old woman with a giant malignant SFT in the pelvis.
  • Along with massive invasion to adjacent organs and multiple lung metastases detected on radiography, biopsy from the tumor through the vaginal wall showed malignant looking spindle-cell neoplasm with increased cellularity, areas of necrosis, and high mitotic activity (5/10 high-power fields).
  • Immunohistochemically, the tumor cells were diffusely and strongly positive for CD34, CD99, and bcl-2.
  • Initial chemotherapies failed to control the tumor.
  • [MeSH-minor] Aged. Disease Progression. Female. Humans. Magnetic Resonance Imaging. Neoplasm Metastasis / pathology

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  • (PMID = 17316417.001).
  • [ISSN] 1320-5463
  • [Journal-full-title] Pathology international
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Pathol. Int.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Australia
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25. Seidman JD, Kumar D, Cosin JA, Winter WE 3rd, Cargill C, Boice CR: Carcinomas of the female genital tract occurring after pelvic irradiation: a report of 15 cases. Int J Gynecol Pathol; 2006 Jul;25(3):293-7
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • Ten were irradiated for cervical cancer, one for endometrial carcinoma, one for vulvar carcinoma, one for colon cancer and 2 for benign conditions.
  • [MeSH-major] Carcinoma / pathology. Genital Neoplasms, Female / pathology. Neoplasms, Radiation-Induced / pathology. Pelvis / radiation effects
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Aged. Aged, 80 and over. Female. Humans. Middle Aged. Neoplasm Recurrence, Local / diagnosis. Neoplasm Recurrence, Local / etiology. Neoplasm Recurrence, Local / pathology. Retrospective Studies. Risk Factors. Time Factors

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  • (PMID = 16810069.001).
  • [ISSN] 0277-1691
  • [Journal-full-title] International journal of gynecological pathology : official journal of the International Society of Gynecological Pathologists
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Int. J. Gynecol. Pathol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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26. Thyavihally YB, Tongaonkar HB, Desai SB: Benign mixed epithelial stromal tumor of the renal pelvis with exophytic growth: case report. Int Semin Surg Oncol; 2005 Sep 9;2:18
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  • [Title] Benign mixed epithelial stromal tumor of the renal pelvis with exophytic growth: case report.
  • BACKGROUND: Mixed epithelial and stromal tumor (MEST) is a distinctive benign composite neoplasm of the kidney predominantly seen in females mostly in the perimenopausal period.
  • Although these tumors are known to arise from renal pelvis, our case was distinct in that it had no intrapelvic component growing in exophytic fashion.
  • A computed tomography scan of abdomen and pelvis showed a 9 x 7 cm uniformly solid mass with poor contrast enhancement situated in the inferomedial aspect of the left kidney.
  • On exploration, the mass was arising from the inferior and anterior aspect of left renal pelvis, and was attached to it with a narrow pedicle.
  • Microscopically, the tumor was composed of large collagenized areas containing bundles of spindle cells and several 'microcysts' lined by cuboidal epithelium suggestive of a benign mixed epithelial stromal tumor.
  • Commonly, it arises from the renal parenchyma and pelvis and nephrectomy is advocated to manage these tumors.
  • CONCLUSION: MEST is a distinctive benign tumor of the kidney that should be distinguished from other renal neoplasms.
  • MEST arising from the renal pelvis and growing exophytically is a rare entity.

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  • [Cites] Lancet Oncol. 2004 Dec;5(12):747-9 [15581546.001]
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  • (PMID = 16150156.001).
  • [ISSN] 1477-7800
  • [Journal-full-title] International seminars in surgical oncology : ISSO
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Int Semin Surg Oncol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC1215508
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27. Tavora F, Fajardo DA, Lee TK, Lotan T, Miller JS, Miyamoto H, Epstein JI: Small endoscopic biopsies of the ureter and renal pelvis: pathologic pitfalls. Am J Surg Pathol; 2009 Oct;33(10):1540-6
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Small endoscopic biopsies of the ureter and renal pelvis: pathologic pitfalls.
  • We retrospectively reviewed 76 consecutive mid-upper ureter and renal pelvis biopsies submitted for consultation from January 2004 to January 2009, where follow-up was obtainable.
  • Thirty-nine (51.3%) of the biopsies were from the ureter with the remaining 37 (48.7%) from the renal pelvis.
  • At consultation, the most common diagnoses were benign urothelium (n=25, 32.9%); atypical (n=17, 22.4%); low-grade noninvasive papillary urothelial carcinoma (n=10, 13.2%); and high-grade noninvasive papillary urothelial carcinoma (n=8, 10.5%).
  • There were 7 major discrepancies between the outside and second opinion diagnosis, where all of the cases were initially diagnosed as an urothelial neoplasm, yet was non-neoplastic upon review.
  • In 5 of these 7 cases, there was no gross lesion suspicious of a tumor present according to the urologist.
  • Overall, 33 of the 44 (75%) cases with a mass noted by the urologist or by radiography was found to have a neoplasm at follow-up.
  • Conversely, 24 of the 32 (75%) cases without a grossly suspected tumor had no neoplasm at follow-up.
  • The association between the histologic presence of a neoplasm at follow-up and the presence of a clinically suspected tumor was highly significant (P<0.0001).
  • Caution must be exercised in the evaluation of these limited specimens, especially in the absence of a clinically suspected tumor.
  • [MeSH-major] Diagnostic Errors. Kidney Pelvis / pathology. Kidney Pelvis / surgery. Ureter / pathology. Ureter / surgery. Ureteroscopy

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  • (PMID = 19654502.001).
  • [ISSN] 1532-0979
  • [Journal-full-title] The American journal of surgical pathology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Am. J. Surg. Pathol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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28. Lane Z, Epstein JI: Polypoid/papillary cystitis: a series of 41 cases misdiagnosed as papillary urothelial neoplasia. Am J Surg Pathol; 2008 May;32(5):758-64
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Polypoid/papillary cystitis: a series of 41 cases misdiagnosed as papillary urothelial neoplasia.
  • Polypoid cystitis and its more chronic phase papillary cystitis, which results as a reaction to injury to the bladder mucosa, is a benign lesion mimicking various papillary urothelial neoplasms.
  • Analogous lesions occur throughout the urothelial tract and are referred to as polypoid urethritis, polypoid ureteritis, and polypoid pyelititis when present in the urethra, ureter, and renal pelvis, respectively.
  • For cases where information was available, clinical symptoms included bladder obstruction (n=7), gross hematuria (n=6), colovesicular fistula (n=4), follow-up status posttreatment of bladder and ureter carcinoma (n=4), bladder/urethral stones (n=2), benign prostate hyperplasia (n=2), follow-up after radiation for prostate cancer (n=2), long-standing urinary stents (n=2), and voiding dysfunction (n=1).
  • Original diagnoses included noninvasive low grade papillary urothelial carcinoma (n=23), noninvasive high grade papillary urothelial carcinoma (n=6), papillary urothelial neoplasm of low malignant potential (n=5), papilloma (n=3), urothelial neoplasia (n=2), carcinoma in situ (n=1), and squamous carcinoma (n=1).
  • The locations of polypoid cystitis were bladder (n=34), ureteral orifice (n=2), urethra (n=2), renal pelvis (n=2), and undesignated (n=1).
  • The key to correctly diagnosing polypoid/papillary cystitis is to recognize at low magnification the reactive nature of the process with an inflamed background that is edematous or densely fibrous with predominantly simple, non-branching, broad-based fronds of relatively normal thickness urothelium, and not focus at higher power on the exceptional frond that may more closely resemble a urothelial neoplasm either architecturally or cytologically.
  • In cases where the diagnosis of papillary neoplasia is not straightforward and there is a question of polypoid cystitis, pathologists should seek clinical history that might suggest a reactive process.
  • Because the urologist can more often better recognize the inflammatory nature of the lesion than the pathologist, the pathologist should hesitate diagnosing urothelial neoplasia when the cystoscopic impression is that of an inflammatory lesion.

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  • (PMID = 18379418.001).
  • [ISSN] 1532-0979
  • [Journal-full-title] The American journal of surgical pathology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Am. J. Surg. Pathol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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29. Kau T, Reinprecht P, Eicher W, Lind P, Starlinger M, Hausegger KA: FDG PET/CT in the detection of recurrent rectal cancer. Int Surg; 2009 Oct-Dec;94(4):315-24
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  • Sites of increased FDG uptake as well as PET/CT findings were categorized as benign (1), equivocal (2), or malignant (3).
  • Sensitivity, specificity, positive and negative predictive values, and accuracy for differentiating benign (14/31) from malignant (17/31) uptake sites in the small pelvis were 100%, 64%, 77%, 100%, and 84% for PET/CT, and 100%, 29%, 63%, 100%, and 68% for PET, respectively.
  • Regarding extrapelvic abnormalities, PET/CT was able to distinguish benign (31/88) from malignant (57/88) with a sensitivity, specificity, positive and negative predictive values, and accuracy of 100%, 87%, 93%, 100%, and 95%, compared with 96%, 68%, 85%, 91%, and 86% for PET.
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Aged. Chi-Square Distribution. Female. Follow-Up Studies. Humans. Male. Middle Aged. Neoplasm Recurrence, Local / radiography. Neoplasm Recurrence, Local / radionuclide imaging. Predictive Value of Tests. Retrospective Studies. Sensitivity and Specificity. Treatment Outcome

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  • (PMID = 20302028.001).
  • [ISSN] 0020-8868
  • [Journal-full-title] International surgery
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Int Surg
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Italy
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Radiopharmaceuticals; 0Z5B2CJX4D / Fluorodeoxyglucose F18
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30. Winter LM, Sommer G, Bongartz G: High-field magnetic resonance imaging of the pelvis: uterus, ovary, and prostate gland. Top Magn Reson Imaging; 2010 Jun;21(3):177-88
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] High-field magnetic resonance imaging of the pelvis: uterus, ovary, and prostate gland.
  • Today, magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) is a standard imaging modality for various pathologic disorders in the human pelvis.
  • It has given proof of its usefulness in the diagnosis of several benign and malignant disorders, and it is routinely used for the local staging of different tumors even when confined to specific parts of a pelvic organ.
  • [MeSH-minor] Diffusion Magnetic Resonance Imaging / methods. Diffusion Magnetic Resonance Imaging / trends. Female. Forecasting. Humans. Male. Neoplasm Invasiveness / pathology. Neoplasm Staging. Ovarian Neoplasms / diagnosis. Ovarian Neoplasms / pathology. Prostatic Neoplasms / diagnosis. Prostatic Neoplasms / pathology. Radiation Effects. Risk Assessment. Sensitivity and Specificity. Signal-To-Noise Ratio. Uterine Neoplasms / diagnosis

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  • (PMID = 21847037.001).
  • [ISSN] 1536-1004
  • [Journal-full-title] Topics in magnetic resonance imaging : TMRI
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Top Magn Reson Imaging
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] United States
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31. Nam EJ, Yun MJ, Oh YT, Kim JW, Kim JH, Kim S, Jung YW, Kim SW, Kim YT: Diagnosis and staging of primary ovarian cancer: correlation between PET/CT, Doppler US, and CT or MRI. Gynecol Oncol; 2010 Mar;116(3):389-94
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  • RESULTS: Histopathology showed benign tumors in 25 patients, borderline tumors in 13 patients, and malignant tumors in 95 patients.
  • In distinguishing malignant/borderline from benign ovarian tumors, the accuracy of PET/CT (0.921) was higher than that of pelvis US (0.830) and abdomino-pelvic CT or pelvis MRI (0.749; P=0.013).
  • CONCLUSION: PET/CT is superior to pelvis US, abdomino-pelvic CT, and pelvic MRI for diagnosis of malignant ovarian tumors and is useful in revealing metastatic ovarian cancer and co-existing malignant tumors.
  • [MeSH-minor] Adolescent. Adult. Aged. Female. Fluorodeoxyglucose F18. Humans. Magnetic Resonance Imaging. Middle Aged. Neoplasm Staging. Positron-Emission Tomography. ROC Curve. Radiopharmaceuticals. Tomography, X-Ray Computed. Ultrasonography, Doppler. Young Adult

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  • (PMID = 19926121.001).
  • [ISSN] 1095-6859
  • [Journal-full-title] Gynecologic oncology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Gynecol. Oncol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Clinical Trial; Comparative Study; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Radiopharmaceuticals; 0Z5B2CJX4D / Fluorodeoxyglucose F18
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32. Alderete J, Novais EN, Dozois EJ, Rose PS, Sim FF: Morbidity and functional status of patients with pelvic neurogenic tumors after wide excision. Clin Orthop Relat Res; 2010 Nov;468(11):2948-53
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  • BACKGROUND: We previously reported that over the last 10 years our practice has evolved in the treatment of neurogenic tumors of the pelvis to include a multispecialty team of surgeons, a factor that might decrease morbidity and improve recurrence, survival, and function.
  • QUESTIONS/PURPOSES: Therefore, we (1) assessed the morbidity associated with surgical excision in patients with neurogenic tumors of the pelvis;.
  • METHODS: We reviewed the records of all 38 patients who had surgery for a pelvic plexus tumor between 1994 and 2005.
  • Twelve patients had a malignant tumor.
  • We recorded demographic data, postoperative complications, tumor-specific recurrence, and determined survival.
  • Patients with benign tumors had a mean MSTS score of 94%, while survivors of malignant disease had a mean of 57%.
  • CONCLUSION: Using a team approach, surgical excision provided high functional scores for patients with benign disease with a low rate of complications.
  • [MeSH-minor] Adolescent. Adult. Aged. Child. Child, Preschool. Female. Humans. Infant. Kaplan-Meier Estimate. Male. Middle Aged. Minnesota. Neoplasm Recurrence, Local. Recovery of Function. Retrospective Studies. Survival Rate. Time Factors. Treatment Outcome. Young Adult

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  • [Cites] Clin Orthop Relat Res. 2001 Sep;(390):190-205 [11550866.001]
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  • (PMID = 20668971.001).
  • [ISSN] 1528-1132
  • [Journal-full-title] Clinical orthopaedics and related research
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Clin. Orthop. Relat. Res.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC2947704
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33. Carter T, Flik K, Boland P, Kennedy JG: Iliac hematoma mimicking neoplasm in adolescent athletes. Orthopedics; 2008 Nov;31(11):1144
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  • [Title] Iliac hematoma mimicking neoplasm in adolescent athletes.
  • Traumatic injuries of the hip and pelvis are common in child athletes and typically require minimal treatment.
  • However, the presentation of such injuries can at times be clinically indistinguishable from the onset of a benign or malignant neoplastic process.
  • This article presents the cases of 2 adolescent boys with traumatic injuries to the hip, in which the threat of neoplasm could not be ruled out by in both initial imaging studies.
  • The authors recommend a diagnostic algorithm to approach the differentiation of iliac hematoma from neoplasm and address the issue of waiting time in the diagnostic process.
  • Careful observation in combination with radiographic findings can yield a successful diagnosis, but the orthopedic surgeon must carefully weigh the increased risk of tumor growth against the need for biopsy.


34. Metser U, You J, McSweeney S, Freeman M, Hendler A: Assessment of tumor recurrence in patients with colorectal cancer and elevated carcinoembryonic antigen level: FDG PET/CT versus contrast-enhanced 64-MDCT of the chest and abdomen. AJR Am J Roentgenol; 2010 Mar;194(3):766-71
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  • [Title] Assessment of tumor recurrence in patients with colorectal cancer and elevated carcinoembryonic antigen level: FDG PET/CT versus contrast-enhanced 64-MDCT of the chest and abdomen.
  • OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to compare FDG PET/CT and contrast-enhanced 64-MDCT of the chest, abdomen, and pelvis in the detection of tumor recurrence in patients with colorectal cancer and an elevated level of carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA).
  • MATERIALS AND METHODS: A retrospective analysis included 50 patients (31 men, 19 women; mean age, 61 years; range, 28-89 years) with 55 clinical events of elevated or increasing CEA level who underwent FDG PET/CT and MDCT for suspected tumor recurrence.
  • Fifty-four of 61 tumor sites suspected as tumor recurrence with any imaging technique were found to be local recurrence or metastatic colorectal cancer at final analysis.
  • The other seven sites were one separate malignant tumor (small lymphocytic lymphoma) and six benign lesions.
  • One site of tumor recurrence was missed prospectively at both MDCT and PET/CT.
  • In a tumor site-based analysis, the sensitivities of PET/CT and MDCT were 98.1% and 66.7% (p < 0.0001), and the specificities were 75% and 62.5% (p = 0.56).
  • [MeSH-major] Colorectal Neoplasms / radiography. Colorectal Neoplasms / radionuclide imaging. Fluorodeoxyglucose F18. Neoplasm Recurrence, Local / radiography. Neoplasm Recurrence, Local / radionuclide imaging. Radiopharmaceuticals. Tomography, Emission-Computed / methods. Tomography, X-Ray Computed / methods
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Aged. Aged, 80 and over. Carcinoembryonic Antigen / blood. Contrast Media. Female. Humans. Male. Middle Aged. Neoplasm Metastasis / radiography. Neoplasm Metastasis / radionuclide imaging. Radiographic Image Interpretation, Computer-Assisted. Radiography, Abdominal. Radiography, Thoracic. Sensitivity and Specificity

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  • (PMID = 20173157.001).
  • [ISSN] 1546-3141
  • [Journal-full-title] AJR. American journal of roentgenology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] AJR Am J Roentgenol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Comparative Study; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Carcinoembryonic Antigen; 0 / Contrast Media; 0 / Radiopharmaceuticals; 0Z5B2CJX4D / Fluorodeoxyglucose F18
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35. Plesinac-Karapandzic V, Perisic Z, Milovanovic Z, Vukicevic D, Mileusnic D, Stevanovic J, Rakocevic Z, Saric M: Invasive inflammatory pseudotumor of the pelvis: a case report with review of the literature. J BUON; 2009 Apr-Jun;14(2):301-6
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  • [Title] Invasive inflammatory pseudotumor of the pelvis: a case report with review of the literature.
  • Inflammatory pseudotumor (IPT) is a rare benign lesion of unknown etiology, which mimics malignant neoplasm and may arise from various organs.
  • Computed tomographic (CT) scan revealed a 13x10.5 cm mass in the pelvis, mostly at the place of the left adnexa, uterus and both parametria, also involving the surrounding tissues and producing bilateral hydroureteronephrosis.
  • The last follow-up CT, 20 months after laparotomy, revealed no evidence of tumor.

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  • (PMID = 19650182.001).
  • [ISSN] 1107-0625
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of B.U.ON. : official journal of the Balkan Union of Oncology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J BUON
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Greece
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36. Bień E, Stachowicz-Stencel T, Polczyńska K, Sierota D, Stefanowicz J, Szołkiewicz A, Drozyńska E, Birkholtz D, Izycka-Swieszewska E, Czauderna P, Kosiak W, Dubaniewicz M, Reiter M, Balcerska A: [Therapeutic difficulties in soft tissue sarcoma occurring in children with neurofibromatosis type 1 - own observations]. Med Wieku Rozwoj; 2008 Jan-Mar;12(1):477-84
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  • Neurofibromatosis type I (NF1) is one of the most common genetic disorders in man, predisposing to benign and malignant tumours.
  • Neurogenic tumours were diagnosed in three children (malignant peripheral nerve-sheath tumour in two and malignant triton tumour in one), while soft tissue sarcomas of rhabdomyosarcoma origin were found in two patients.
  • In four cases the primary tumours were highly locally advanced, unresectable and located in pelvis minor.
  • [MeSH-minor] Adolescent. Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols / therapeutic use. Child. Child, Preschool. Female. Humans. Infant. Male. Neoplasm Staging. Prognosis. Treatment Outcome


37. Agaimy A, Wünsch PH, Schroeder J, Gaumann A, Dietmaier W, Hartmann A, Hofstaedter F, Mentzel T: Low-grade abdominopelvic sarcoma with myofibroblastic features (low-grade myofibroblastic sarcoma): clinicopathological, immunohistochemical, molecular genetic and ultrastructural study of two cases with literature review. J Clin Pathol; 2008 Mar;61(3):301-6
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  • AIMS: Low-grade myofibroblastic sarcoma (LGMS) represents a rare soft tissue neoplasm with a predilection for the head and neck.
  • Genomic DNA was isolated from microdissected formalin-fixed paraffin-embedded tumour tissue and examined for KIT and PDGFRA mutations by PCR and direct sequencing of KIT and PDGFRA.
  • The tumour cells strongly expressed vimentin, variably alpha-smooth muscle actin and fibronectin, but were negative for CD117, S-100, desmin, h-caldesmon, beta-catenin, ALK-1, MDM2, PDGFRalpha and PDGFRbeta.
  • One tumour showed a weak expression of CD34.
  • LGMS may mimic a variety of benign and low-grade malignant neoplasms and might be under-recognised.
  • [MeSH-major] Neoplasm Recurrence, Local / ultrastructure. Peritoneal Neoplasms / ultrastructure. Sarcoma / ultrastructure. Soft Tissue Neoplasms / ultrastructure
  • [MeSH-minor] Actins / analysis. Aged. Biomarkers, Tumor / analysis. DNA Mutational Analysis. Female. Fibronectins / analysis. Humans. Immunohistochemistry. Mesentery. Middle Aged. Mitotic Index. Pelvis. Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-kit / genetics. Receptor, Platelet-Derived Growth Factor alpha / genetics. Vimentin / analysis

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  • (PMID = 17513510.001).
  • [ISSN] 1472-4146
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of clinical pathology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Clin. Pathol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Actins; 0 / Biomarkers, Tumor; 0 / Fibronectins; 0 / Vimentin; EC 2.7.10.1 / Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-kit; EC 2.7.10.1 / Receptor, Platelet-Derived Growth Factor alpha
  • [Number-of-references] 38
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38. Harisinghani M, Ross RW, Guimaraes AR, Weissleder R: Utility of a new bolus-injectable nanoparticle for clinical cancer staging. Neoplasia; 2007 Dec;9(12):1160-5
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  • Of the evaluated 26 lymph nodes, 20 were benign and 6 were malignant.
  • The mean short-axis diameter of benign lymph nodes was 6 mm and the mean short-axis diameter of malignant lymph nodes was 7 mm.
  • Following IV administration, there was a significant change in mean signal-to-noise ratio (SNR) of benign lymph nodes (P < .0001) whereas there was little change in the mean SNR of malignant nodes (P = .1624).
  • [MeSH-major] Adenocarcinoma / secondary. Contrast Media / administration & dosage. Dextrans / administration & dosage. Ferrosoferric Oxide. Lymphatic Metastasis / diagnosis. Magnetic Resonance Imaging. Nanoparticles. Neoplasm Staging / methods. Prostatic Neoplasms / pathology
  • [MeSH-minor] Humans. Imaging, Three-Dimensional. Injections, Intravenous. Lymph Node Excision. Male. Pelvis. Pilot Projects. Prospective Studies

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  • (PMID = 18084623.001).
  • [ISSN] 1476-5586
  • [Journal-full-title] Neoplasia (New York, N.Y.)
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Neoplasia
  • [Language] eng
  • [Databank-accession-numbers] ClinicalTrials.gov/ NCT00087347
  • [Grant] United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / N01CO12400; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CO / N01-CO-12400
  • [Publication-type] Clinical Trial; Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Contrast Media; 0 / Dextrans; 9044-05-7 / carboxymethyl dextran; XM0M87F357 / Ferrosoferric Oxide
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC2134912
  • [Keywords] NOTNLM ; MRI / Nanoparticle / ferumoxytol / lymph nodes / prostate cancer
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39. Kwee SA, Wei H, Sesterhenn I, Yun D, Coel MN: Localization of primary prostate cancer with dual-phase 18F-fluorocholine PET. J Nucl Med; 2006 Feb;47(2):262-9
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  • This study compared 18F-fluorocholine uptake in malignant and benign areas of the prostate at 2 time points to determine the suitability of delayed or dual-phase 18F-fluorocholine PET for localizing malignancy in the prostate gland.
  • METHODS: Twenty-six men (15 newly diagnosed with prostate cancer, 2 with recurrent prostate cancer, 6 with no evidence of prostate cancer recurrence after treatment, and 3 with no history of prostate cancer) underwent dual-phase PET consisting of initial whole-body PET starting 7 min after injection of 3.3-4 MBq/kg of 18F-fluorocholine followed by 1-h delayed PET of the pelvis.
  • Prostate biopsy or whole-prostate histologic examination after radical prostatectomy was used to classify a prostate sextant as a dominant malignant region or probable benign region.
  • In 15 prostates with both benign and malignant sextants on histologic examination, a malignant-to-benign ratio of SUVmax was also calculated for each time point.
  • RESULTS: A dominant malignant region was found in 17 subjects, and a probable benign region was found in 24 subjects.
  • The mean SUVmax for probable benign regions decreased significantly between initial and delayed scans, from 4.8 to 3.9 (mean retention index, -17%; 95% confidence interval, -10% to -23%, P < 0.001).
  • The mean malignant-to-benign ratio increased significantly, from 1.4 on the initial scan to 1.8 on the delayed scan (P = 0.003).
  • The areas under the receiver operating characteristic curves for distinguishing dominant malignant regions from probable benign regions based on initial SUVmax, delayed SUVmax, and retention index were 0.81, 0.92, and 0.93, respectively.
  • CONCLUSION: On dual-phase PET of the prostate, areas of malignancy consistently demonstrated stable or increasing 18F-fluorocholine uptake, whereas most areas containing benign tissue demonstrated decreasing uptake.

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  • (PMID = 16455632.001).
  • [ISSN] 0161-5505
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of nuclear medicine : official publication, Society of Nuclear Medicine
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Nucl. Med.
  • [Language] ENG
  • [Grant] United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / R41 CA110121; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / R41CA110121; United States / NCRR NIH HHS / RR / RR-16467
  • [Publication-type] Controlled Clinical Trial; Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Radiopharmaceuticals; 0 / fluorocholine; N91BDP6H0X / Choline
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40. Tsarpalis DC, Giannakopoulos CK, Lagadas AA, Toufexi EG: Aggressive angiomyxoma: case report and review of the literature. Eur J Gynaecol Oncol; 2007;28(6):480-2
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  • Aggressive angiomyxoma is a rare benign mesenchymal neoplasm, found mainly in the female pelvis and perineum.
  • The tumor is usually misdiagnosed at presentation.
  • High recurrence rate of the tumor, up to 70% within a 2-year period, makes long-term imaging follow-up of the patient necessary.

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  • (PMID = 18179141.001).
  • [ISSN] 0392-2936
  • [Journal-full-title] European journal of gynaecological oncology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Eur. J. Gynaecol. Oncol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Italy
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41. Cobellis L, Pecori E, Rigatti F, Scaffa C, Rotondi M, Messalli EM: A rare case of female pelvic mass: angioleiomyoma of the broad ligament. Eur J Gynaecol Oncol; 2007;28(5):418-20
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  • Angioleiomyoma is a benign mesenchymal neoplasm composed of smooth muscle cells and thick-walled vessels.
  • Angioleiomyoma is a very rare tumor among the ever-expanding repertoire of growth variants described in benign uterine leiomyoma.
  • More rare is a solitary tumor of the broad ligament.
  • Thus angioleiomyoma of the broad ligament is an extremely rare benign tumor of the female pelvis.
  • The site of the benign mass was the left broad ligament of the uterus.
  • On pathologic examination of the specimen, the tumor was diagnosed as angioleiomyoma.
  • We present a case of angioleiomyoma of the broad ligament because of its extreme rarity and the large size of the tumor.

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  • (PMID = 17966227.001).
  • [ISSN] 0392-2936
  • [Journal-full-title] European journal of gynaecological oncology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Eur. J. Gynaecol. Oncol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Italy
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42. Herawi M, Leppert JT, Thomas GV, De Kernion JB, Epstein JI: Implants of noninvasive papillary urothelial carcinoma in peritoneum and ileocolonic neobladder: support for "seed and soil" hypothesis of bladder recurrence. Urology; 2006 Apr;67(4):746-50
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  • OBJECTIVES: To explore the underlying mechanism of tumor regrowth in cases of noninvasive urothelial carcinoma that recur in unusual anatomic locations.
  • One had presented as an implant in the peritoneal investment of the bladder dome and the other as multiple implants growing on the benign surface of the colonic mucosa of an orthotopic neobladder distant from the anastomosis site.
  • Both cases had initially presented as noninvasive papillary urothelial carcinoma of the renal pelvis.
  • CONCLUSIONS: After clinicopathologic correlation, the mode of tumor spread in these cases was best explained by the "seeding/implantation" theory.
  • The urothelial tumor cells in each of these cases demonstrated the ability to implant themselves not only in the urothelium of the bladder but also in the colonic mucosa of a constructed neobladder and on the peritoneal surface.
  • [MeSH-major] Carcinoma, Transitional Cell / secondary. Carcinoma, Transitional Cell / surgery. Neoplasm Recurrence, Local / etiology. Neoplasm Seeding. Peritoneal Neoplasms / secondary. Urinary Bladder Neoplasms / secondary. Urinary Bladder Neoplasms / surgery. Urinary Reservoirs, Continent

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  • (PMID = 16566991.001).
  • [ISSN] 1527-9995
  • [Journal-full-title] Urology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Urology
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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43. Cham E, Watkin W, Goldschmidt R, Liu L: Fine needle aspiration cytology of adrenocortical oncocytic neoplasm: a case report. Acta Cytol; 2010 Jul-Aug;54(4):627-34
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  • [Title] Fine needle aspiration cytology of adrenocortical oncocytic neoplasm: a case report.
  • Computed tomography showed a 10-cm, solid, left adrenal mass and a 21-cm complex cystic mass in the pelvis.
  • We review criteria to classify benign vs. malignant AONs and discuss the literature on this topic.

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  • (PMID = 20715669.001).
  • [ISSN] 0001-5547
  • [Journal-full-title] Acta cytologica
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Acta Cytol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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44. Gozalo AS, Hoffmann VJ, Lambert LE: Ureteral fibroepithelial polyp in an owl monkey (Aotus nancymae). Vet Pathol; 2006 Jul;43(4):573-5
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  • Ureteral fibroepithelial polyps are benign mesodermal tumors in humans that occur predominantly in the proximal ureter.
  • During a routine necropsy of a wild-caught, research naïve, adult, male, Aotus nancymae, the left ureter just distal to the renal pelvis contained a pedunculated, lobulated neoplasm with a narrow stalk at the base projecting into the lumen.
  • The left renal pelvis was found to be mildly dilated.

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  • (PMID = 16847004.001).
  • [ISSN] 0300-9858
  • [Journal-full-title] Veterinary pathology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Vet. Pathol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Grant] United States / Intramural NIH HHS / /
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Intramural
  • [Publication-country] United States
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45. Piura B, Rabinovich A, Sinelnikov I, Delgado B: Tailgut cyst initially misdiagnosed as ovarian tumor. Arch Gynecol Obstet; 2005 Oct;272(4):301-3
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  • [Title] Tailgut cyst initially misdiagnosed as ovarian tumor.
  • It is usually benign and located in the retrorectal/presacral space.
  • The initial diagnosis was neoplasm of the right ovary.
  • Excision of the mass from the right pelvis and retrorectal/presacral space and total abdominal hysterectomy were performed.

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  • (PMID = 16041543.001).
  • [ISSN] 0932-0067
  • [Journal-full-title] Archives of gynecology and obstetrics
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Arch. Gynecol. Obstet.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Germany
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46. Ciancio G, Vaidya A, Shirodkar S, Manoharan M, Hakky T, Soloway M: En bloc mobilization of the pancreas and spleen to facilitate resection of large tumors, primarily renal and adrenal, in the left upper quadrant of the abdomen: techniques derived from multivisceral transplantation. Eur Urol; 2009 May;55(5):1106-11
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  • Pathology included malignant and benign lesions, including renal cell carcinoma (RCC) with or without inferior vena cava (IVC) involvement, adrenal tumors, retrocrural lymphadenopathy from testicular cancer, and transitional cell carcinoma of the renal pelvis.
  • [MeSH-minor] Abdominal Cavity / surgery. Adrenalectomy / methods. Adult. Aged. Aged, 80 and over. Blood Loss, Surgical. Carcinoma, Renal Cell / pathology. Carcinoma, Renal Cell / surgery. Carcinoma, Transitional Cell / pathology. Carcinoma, Transitional Cell / surgery. Cohort Studies. Female. Follow-Up Studies. Humans. Male. Middle Aged. Monitoring, Intraoperative / methods. Neoplasm Invasiveness / pathology. Neoplasm Staging. Nephrectomy / methods. Pancreas / anatomy & histology. Postoperative Complications / prevention & control. Retrospective Studies. Risk Assessment. Spleen / anatomy & histology. Stomach / anatomy & histology. Treatment Outcome. Tumor Burden. Vena Cava, Inferior. Young Adult


47. Schmidt GP, Schoenberg SO, Schmid R, Stahl R, Tiling R, Becker CR, Reiser MF, Baur-Melnyk A: Screening for bone metastases: whole-body MRI using a 32-channel system versus dual-modality PET-CT. Eur Radiol; 2007 Apr;17(4):939-49
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  • PET-CT was conducted using a low-dose CT for attenuation correction, a PET-emission scan and diagnostic contrast-enhanced CT scan covering the thorax, abdomen and pelvis.
  • In 28 patients, 102 malignant and 25 benign bone lesions were detected and confirmed.
  • [MeSH-major] Bone Neoplasms / diagnosis. Magnetic Resonance Imaging. Neoplasm Metastasis / diagnosis. Positron-Emission Tomography. Tomography, X-Ray Computed
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Aged. Diagnostic Errors. Female. Follow-Up Studies. Humans. Male. Middle Aged. Neoplasm Staging. Predictive Value of Tests. Sensitivity and Specificity. Whole Body Imaging

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  • (PMID = 16951929.001).
  • [ISSN] 0938-7994
  • [Journal-full-title] European radiology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Eur Radiol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Clinical Trial; Comparative Study; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Germany
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48. Simpfendorfer CS, Ilaslan H, Davies AM, James SL, Obuchowski NA, Sundaram M: Does the presence of focal normal marrow fat signal within a tumor on MRI exclude malignancy? An analysis of 184 histologically proven tumors of the pelvic and appendicular skeleton. Skeletal Radiol; 2008 Sep;37(9):797-804
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  • [Title] Does the presence of focal normal marrow fat signal within a tumor on MRI exclude malignancy? An analysis of 184 histologically proven tumors of the pelvic and appendicular skeleton.
  • OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to determine if the presence of focal normal bone marrow fat signal within a tumor on magnetic resonance imaging excludes malignancy.
  • MATERIALS AND METHODS: One hundred eighty-four histologically proven tumors with available magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) of the appendicular skeleton and pelvis from 184 patients were collected and reviewed at two separate institutions.
  • There were 111 malignant and 73 benign tumors.
  • Two radiologists at each institution, blinded to the diagnosis, reviewed the MRIs independently and reported the presence or absence of normal marrow fat signal within the tumor based upon T1-weighted imaging without fat suppression and T2-weighted imaging with fat suppression and/or short inversion-time inversion recovery (STIR).
  • For each institution, a Fisher's exact test was used to compare the frequency of focal normal marrow fat signal in benign and malignant tumors.
  • Fisher's exact test was also used to compare the frequency of intratumoral fat in benign and malignant lesions for the pooled sample.
  • There were three discrepancies (one malignant and two benign) at site 1 and four discrepancies (two malignant and two benign) at site 2.
  • Reader consensus at site 1 identified normal marrow fat signal within 1 of 50 (2.0%) malignant and three of 14 (21.4%) benign tumors.
  • Reader consensus at site 2 identified normal marrow fat signal within three of 61 (4.9%) malignant and 14 of 59 (23.7%) benign tumors.
  • For the pooled consensus, the frequency of intratumoral fat in benign lesions (17/73, 23.3%) is significantly greater than the frequency in malignant lesions (4/111, 3.6%), p < 0.001.
  • CONCLUSION: The presence of focal normal marrow signal within a tumor is highly suggestive of a benign tumor.
  • [MeSH-minor] Algorithms. Bayes Theorem. Female. Humans. Male. Neoplasm Metastasis. Predictive Value of Tests. Reproducibility of Results


49. Moretti VM, de la Cruz M, Lackman RD: Recurrent lipoma-like hibernoma. Am J Orthop (Belle Mead NJ); 2010 Jun;39(6):E57-60
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  • Our patient was a 56-year-old man whose painful lipoma-like hibernoma (LLH) in the pelvis/buttock was initially treated with marginal excision 15 years earlier.
  • LLH is 1 of the 4 histologic variants of hibernomas, which are rare benign lipomatous tumors distinguished from other lipomas by their brown-fat component.
  • [MeSH-major] Lipoma / pathology. Neoplasm Recurrence, Local / pathology. Pelvic Neoplasms / pathology

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  • (PMID = 20631936.001).
  • [ISSN] 1934-3418
  • [Journal-full-title] American journal of orthopedics (Belle Mead, N.J.)
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Am J. Orthop.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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50. Robinson P: Hepatocellular carcinoma: development and early detection. Cancer Imaging; 2008;8 Spec No A:S128-31
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  • Nodules can be classified on dual contrast MRI as clearly malignant, clearly benign, or borderline (needing careful surveillance).
  • Pre-operative staging in surgical candidates should include CT of thorax, abdomen and pelvis and bone scintigraphy.
  • [MeSH-minor] Early Diagnosis. Humans. Liver Cirrhosis / complications. Liver Cirrhosis / pathology. Liver Cirrhosis / physiopathology. Magnetic Resonance Imaging. Neoplasm Staging. Tomography, X-Ray Computed

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  • (PMID = 18852086.001).
  • [ISSN] 1470-7330
  • [Journal-full-title] Cancer imaging : the official publication of the International Cancer Imaging Society
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Cancer Imaging
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Number-of-references] 9
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC2582507
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51. McDermott S, Skehan SJ: Whole body imaging in the abdominal cancer patient: pitfalls of PET-CT. Abdom Imaging; 2010 Feb;35(1):55-69
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  • Proper interpretation of PET-CT images requires knowledge of the normal physiological distribution of the tracer, frequently encountered physiological variants, and benign pathological causes of FDG uptake that can be confused with a malignant neoplasm.
  • This article reviews these potential pitfalls as they apply to the abdomen and pelvis of patients with cancer.

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  • (PMID = 19130117.001).
  • [ISSN] 1432-0509
  • [Journal-full-title] Abdominal imaging
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Abdom Imaging
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Radiation-Protective Agents; 0Z5B2CJX4D / Fluorodeoxyglucose F18
  • [Number-of-references] 30
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52. Powell JL, Cunill ES, Gajewski WH, Novotny DB: Sarcoidosis mimicking recurrent endometrial cancer. Gynecol Oncol; 2005 Dec;99(3):770-3
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  • BACKGROUND: Sarcoidosis is a multisystem disease and can be confused with benign or malignant tumors.
  • A CT scan of lungs, abdomen, and pelvis revealed extensive mediastinal adenopathy and multiple space occupying hepatic lesions worrisome for metastatic disease.
  • [MeSH-major] Endometrial Neoplasms / diagnosis. Neoplasm Recurrence, Local / diagnosis. Sarcoidosis / diagnosis
  • [MeSH-minor] Aged. Diagnosis, Differential. Female. Humans. Neoplasm Metastasis


53. Majeski J: Endoscopic capsule retention in an intestinal anastomosis. Int Surg; 2009 Jul-Sep;94(3):254-7
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  • Capsule retention has been reported in patients with a strictured or stenotic area of intestine caused by occult neoplasm, nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, Crohn's disease, radiation enteritis, or previous abdominal surgery.
  • Safe and effective use of CE has been reported in the evaluation of patients who have previously undergone surgical resection of the small intestine for benign or malignant disease.
  • This case report reviews the utilization and subsequent retention of an endoscopic capsule in a symptomatic patient who had a previous small bowel resection caused by the sequelae of radiation therapy to the abdomen and pelvis for endometrial cancer.

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  • (PMID = 20187521.001).
  • [ISSN] 0020-8868
  • [Journal-full-title] International surgery
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Int Surg
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Italy
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54. Chiesa AG, Deavers MT, Veras E, Silva EG, Gershenson D, Malpica A: Ovarian intestinal type mucinous borderline tumors: are we ready for a nomenclature change? Int J Gynecol Pathol; 2010 Mar;29(2):108-12
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  • At a National Cancer Institute-sponsored workshop it was proposed that the borderline category of ovarian intestinal-type mucinous tumors (OInMTs) could be eliminated if the apparent benign behavior of these tumors could be confirmed.
  • Optimal sampling and adequate sampling were defined as at least 1 section per centimeter of maximum tumor dimension and at least 1 section per 2 cm of maximum tumor dimension, respectively.
  • Tumor size ranged from 8 to 39 cm (mean 20 cm).
  • The sampling of the ovarian tumor was optimal in 28 cases and adequate in 5 cases.
  • The tumor was incompletely removed and recurred in the pelvis 1 year later.
  • Ten months later, the tumor re-recurred in the pelvis and could only be drained because of the patient's advanced age and her poor medical status.
  • The second patient with recurrent tumor had undergone a cystectomy and full staging for a borderline OInMT.
  • [MeSH-minor] Adolescent. Adult. Aged. Aged, 80 and over. Female. Histocytochemistry. Humans. Middle Aged. Neoplasm Recurrence, Local / pathology. Neoplasm Recurrence, Local / surgery. Neoplasm Staging. Retrospective Studies. Terminology as Topic. Young Adult

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  • [CommentIn] Int J Gynecol Pathol. 2010 Nov;29(6):552-3; author reply 553-4 [20881857.001]
  • (PMID = 20173495.001).
  • [ISSN] 1538-7151
  • [Journal-full-title] International journal of gynecological pathology : official journal of the International Society of Gynecological Pathologists
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Int. J. Gynecol. Pathol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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55. Aggarwal G, Satsangi B, Shukla S, Lahoti BK, Mathur RK, Maheshwari A: Rare asymptomatic presentations of schwannomas in early adolescence: three cases with review of literature. Int J Surg; 2010;8(3):203-6
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  • INTRODUCTION: Schwannoma also known as Neurilemoma is a benign neoplasm of the Schwann Cells of the neural sheath.
  • They are usually found to occur in the extremities, but can also be found in the trunk, head and neck, pelvis, and rectum.

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  • [Copyright] Copyright 2010 Surgical Associates Ltd. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
  • (PMID = 20167297.001).
  • [ISSN] 1743-9159
  • [Journal-full-title] International journal of surgery (London, England)
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Int J Surg
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Number-of-references] 23
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56. Schuster DM, Votaw JR, Nieh PT, Yu W, Nye JA, Master V, Bowman FD, Issa MM, Goodman MM: Initial experience with the radiotracer anti-1-amino-3-18F-fluorocyclobutane-1-carboxylic acid with PET/CT in prostate carcinoma. J Nucl Med; 2007 Jan;48(1):56-63
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  • Anti-1-amino-3-(18)F-fluorocyclobutane-1-carboxylic acid (anti-(18)F-FACBC)is a synthetic l-leucine analog that has excellent in vitro uptake within the DU-145 prostate carcinoma cell line and orthotopically implanted prostate tumor in nude rats.
  • METHODS: Fifteen patients with a recent diagnosis of prostate carcinoma (n = 9) or suspected recurrence (n = 6) underwent 65-min dynamic PET/CT of the pelvis after intravenous injection of 300-410 MBq anti-(18)F-FACBC followed by static body images.
  • Time-activity curves were also generated for benign and malignant tissue.
  • Malignant lymph node uptake in both the staging and restaging patients was significantly higher than benign nodal uptake.
  • [MeSH-minor] Aged. Humans. Image Processing, Computer-Assisted. Lymphatic Metastasis. Male. Middle Aged. Neoplasm Metastasis. Prostate / radionuclide imaging. Radiometry. Recurrence. Time Factors

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  • [CommentIn] J Nucl Med. 2007 Jul;48(7):1225 [17607041.001]
  • (PMID = 17204699.001).
  • [ISSN] 0161-5505
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of nuclear medicine : official publication, Society of Nuclear Medicine
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Nucl. Med.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / 1-amino-3-fluorocyclobutane-1-carboxylic acid; 0 / Carboxylic Acids; 0 / Cyclobutanes
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57. Schoth F, Persigehl T, Palmowski M: Current role and future perspective of MRI for diagnosis and characterization of renal cell carcinoma. Panminerva Med; 2010 Dec;52(4):307-18
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  • This enables not only to differentiate between benign lesions and renal cancer but also to define the tumor stage with high accuracy.
  • Tumor-related infiltration of the renal pelvis, infiltration of the perinephric fat or a tumor thrombus within the inferior caval vein has to be diagnosed with high accuracy to enable these stage adapted treatment regimens.
  • To evaluate treatment efficiency, more information than just tumor morphology should be provided.
  • [MeSH-minor] Humans. Neoplasm Invasiveness. Neoplasm Staging. Predictive Value of Tests. Treatment Outcome


58. McIntosh J, Sylvester PA, Virjee J, Callaway M, Thomas MG: Pulmonary staging in colorectal cancer--is computerised tomography the answer? Ann R Coll Surg Engl; 2005 Sep;87(5):331-3
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  • Patients with a CRC went on to have a staging intravenous, contrast-enhanced CT of the chest, abdomen and pelvis prior to an out-patient appointment with a colorectal surgeon.
  • However, CT is likely to identify more benign radiological abnormalities than CXR alone, and investigations should not occur to the detriment of treating the primary tumour.
  • [MeSH-minor] Aged. Aged, 80 and over. Female. Humans. Male. Middle Aged. Neoplasm Staging / methods. Neoplasm Staging / standards. Prospective Studies. Sensitivity and Specificity


59. Apostolova I, Gölcük E, Bohuslavizki KH, Buchert R, Brenner W: Impact of additional SPECT in bone scanning in tumor patients with suspected metastatic bone disease. Ann Nucl Med; 2009 Dec;23(10):869-75
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  • [Title] Impact of additional SPECT in bone scanning in tumor patients with suspected metastatic bone disease.
  • METHODS: The study included 271 consecutive tumor patients in whom planar imaging and two-bed position SPECT of the spine and the pelvis had been performed.
  • Findings were categorized as 'benign', 'equivocal', or 'malignant' on a lesion base, and as 'no metastatic disease', 'equivocal', or 'metastatic disease' on a patient base.
  • Most of these 'inconsistent' lesions were rated as equivocal in the planar images but benign (14.5% of all lesions) or malignant (11.0%) by SPECT.
  • On a patient base, 81.6% of patients with planar equivocal staging were classified as either benign (55.3%) or malignant (26.3%) by SPECT.
  • [MeSH-minor] Adolescent. Adult. Aged. Aged, 80 and over. Female. Humans. Male. Middle Aged. Neoplasm Staging. Retrospective Studies. Young Adult

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  • (PMID = 19924378.001).
  • [ISSN] 1864-6433
  • [Journal-full-title] Annals of nuclear medicine
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Ann Nucl Med
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Japan
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60. Yildirim C, Rodop O, Kuşkucu M, Sahin O, Gamsizkan M: Giant solitary osteochondroma arising from the fifth metatarsal bone: a case report. J Foot Ankle Surg; 2010 May-Jun;49(3):298.e9-298.e15
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  • Accounting for 20% to 50% of all benign forms, solitary osteochondroma is the most common bone tumor.
  • The long bones of the lower extremity are most frequently affected, whereas the small bones of the hands, feet, pelvis, scapula, and spine are less common locations.
  • Osteochondromas are benign osseous neoplasms with a distinct hyaline cartilage cap originating from the physis, and they cease to grow with skeletal maturity.
  • This case demonstrated that, despite the benign nature of the lesion, a large osteochondroma could localize to a metatarsal.
  • [MeSH-minor] Biopsy, Needle. Follow-Up Studies. Humans. Immunohistochemistry. Male. Neoplasm Staging. Radiographic Image Enhancement. Risk Assessment. Tomography, X-Ray Computed / methods. Treatment Outcome. Young Adult

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  • [Copyright] Copyright 2010 American College of Foot and Ankle Surgeons. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
  • (PMID = 20605564.001).
  • [ISSN] 1542-2224
  • [Journal-full-title] The Journal of foot and ankle surgery : official publication of the American College of Foot and Ankle Surgeons
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Foot Ankle Surg
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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61. Remzi FH, Kirat HT, Geisler DP: Laparoscopic single-port colectomy for sigmoid cancer. Tech Coloproctol; 2010 Sep;14(3):253-5
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  • Colonoscopy performed 1 year after surgery showed no neoplasm or polyp identified.
  • Abdomen and pelvis CT also found no evidence of recurrence or metastatic disease.
  • CONCLUSION: Single-port laparoscopic surgery may allow common benign procedures via an incision in the umbilicus.
  • [MeSH-minor] Female. Follow-Up Studies. Humans. Length of Stay. Middle Aged. Neoplasm Staging. Pain, Postoperative. Sigmoidoscopy / methods. Treatment Outcome

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  • (PMID = 19953288.001).
  • [ISSN] 1128-045X
  • [Journal-full-title] Techniques in coloproctology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Tech Coloproctol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Italy
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62. Balke M, Streitbuerger A, Budny T, Henrichs M, Gosheger G, Hardes J: Treatment and outcome of giant cell tumors of the pelvis. Acta Orthop; 2009 Oct;80(5):590-6
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  • [Title] Treatment and outcome of giant cell tumors of the pelvis.
  • BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Giant cell tumors (GCTs) of bone rarely affect the pelvis.
  • METHODS: 20 patients with histologically benign GCT of the pelvis were included in this study.
  • RESULTS: 1 patient with a pubic tumor developed a local recurrence 1 year after intralesional resection and additional curettage of the margins.
  • INTERPRETATION: We conclude that most GCTs of the pelvis can be treated by intralesional procedures.
  • [MeSH-major] Bone Neoplasms / surgery. Giant Cell Tumor of Bone / surgery. Pelvic Bones
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Aged. Bone Cements. Bone Transplantation. Curettage. Embolization, Therapeutic / methods. Female. Follow-Up Studies. Humans. Ilium / pathology. Ilium / surgery. Male. Middle Aged. Neoplasm Recurrence, Local / prevention & control. Radiotherapy, Adjuvant. Retrospective Studies. Treatment Outcome

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  • [Cites] Acta Orthop. 2008 Feb;79(1):86-93 [18283578.001]
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  • (PMID = 19916695.001).
  • [ISSN] 1745-3682
  • [Journal-full-title] Acta orthopaedica
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Acta Orthop
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Bone Cements
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC2823344
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63. Richter M, Meyer W, Küster J, Middel P: Exophytic benign mixed epithelial stromal tumour of the kidney: case report of a rare tumour entity. Diagn Pathol; 2010;5:16
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  • [Title] Exophytic benign mixed epithelial stromal tumour of the kidney: case report of a rare tumour entity.
  • BACKGROUND: Mixed epithelial and stromal tumour (MEST) represents a recently described benign composite neoplasm of the kidney, which predominantly affects perimenopausal females.
  • Most tumours are benign, although rare malignant cases have been observed.
  • A CT scan of the abdomen showed a 30-mm-in-diameter uniform mass adjacent to the pelvis of the left kidney.
  • Surgical exploration showed a tumour arising from the lower anterior hilus of the left kidney.
  • The tumour could be excised by preserving the kidney.
  • By intraoperative frozen section the tumour showed characteristic features of MEST with epithelial-covered cysts embedded in an "ovarian-like" stroma.
  • Additional immunohistochemistry investigations showed expression for hormone receptors by the stromal component of the tumour.
  • Commonly, the tumour arises from the renal parenchyma or pelvis.
  • The tumour is composed of an admixture of cystic and sometimes more solid areas.
  • CONCLUSION: MEST represents a distinctive benign tumour entity of the kidney, which affects perimenopausal woman.
  • The tumour should be distinguished from other cystic renal neoplasms.
  • By imaging studies it is difficult to distinguish between a benign or malignant nature of the tumour.
  • [MeSH-major] Epithelial Cells / pathology. Kidney Neoplasms / pathology. Mixed Tumor, Malignant / pathology. Stromal Cells / pathology

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  • (PMID = 20193076.001).
  • [ISSN] 1746-1596
  • [Journal-full-title] Diagnostic pathology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Diagn Pathol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC2842239
  • [General-notes] NLM/ Original DateCompleted: 20100609
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64. Ritchie R, Thiruchelvam N, Adamson A: Laparoscopic deroofing of a renal cyst: the hidden invasion. Surg Laparosc Endosc Percutan Tech; 2007 Aug;17(4):358-60
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  • Neoplasia is a rare but possible complication.
  • No communication within the renal pelvis was detected however histology revealed transitional cell carcinoma.
  • This case should serve as a warning to clinicians that seemingly benign cysts of the kidney may harbor underlying neoplasia.
  • [MeSH-minor] Humans. Laparoscopy. Male. Middle Aged. Neoplasm Invasiveness. Tomography, X-Ray Computed

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  • (PMID = 17710070.001).
  • [ISSN] 1530-4515
  • [Journal-full-title] Surgical laparoscopy, endoscopy & percutaneous techniques
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Surg Laparosc Endosc Percutan Tech
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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65. van der Steeg AF, Sleeboom C, Heij HA: [Internally situated sacrococcygeal teratomas, often invisible but not harmless]. Ned Tijdschr Geneeskd; 2009;153:A191
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  • A sacrococcygeal teratoma (SCT) may be completely concealed within the pelvis and therefore not be visible externally.
  • The first patient, a newborn girl, had an antenatally-diagnosed cystic mass in her pelvis, which was a benign SCT.
  • The second patient was a 2-year-old boy who after two incomplete resections of a benign intrapelvic SCT, developed a malignant SCT.
  • [MeSH-minor] Adolescent. Cell Transformation, Neoplastic. Child, Preschool. Coccyx. Female. Humans. Infant, Newborn. Male. Neoplasm Recurrence, Local. Prognosis. Sacrococcygeal Region / pathology. Sacrococcygeal Region / surgery

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  • (PMID = 19857297.001).
  • [ISSN] 1876-8784
  • [Journal-full-title] Nederlands tijdschrift voor geneeskunde
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Ned Tijdschr Geneeskd
  • [Language] dut
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Netherlands
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66. Touzios J, Ludwig KA: Local management of rectal neoplasia. Clin Colon Rectal Surg; 2008 Nov;21(4):291-9
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  • [Title] Local management of rectal neoplasia.
  • The treatment of rectal neoplasia, whether benign or malignant, challenges the surgeon.
  • Any effective treatment aimed at controlling rectal cancer in the pelvis must take into account the disease in the bowel wall itself and the disease, or potential disease, in the mesorectum.
  • Without removing both the rectum and the mesorectum there is no completely accurate way to determine whether a rectal cancer has moved outside the bowel wall, so any decision on local management of a rectal neoplasm is a calculated risk.
  • For benign neoplasia, the challenge is removing the lesion without having to resort to a major abdominal procedure.

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  • (PMID = 20011441.001).
  • [ISSN] 1530-9681
  • [Journal-full-title] Clinics in colon and rectal surgery
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Clin Colon Rectal Surg
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC2780249
  • [Keywords] NOTNLM ; Cancer / neoplasms / rectum / transanal / villous adenoma
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67. Sánchez MF, Sánchez JM, Rustrían FV, Ramírez FT, Silva AM: [Intravenous uterine leiomyomatosis with diffuse dissemination in pelvic cavity. Case report and literature review]. Ginecol Obstet Mex; 2008 Aug;76(8):483-6
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  • [Transliterated title] Leiomiomatosis intravenosa uterina con diseminación difusa a la cavidad pélvica. Reporte de un caso y revisión bibliográfica.
  • Diffuse uterine leiomyomatosis is a rare benign entity in gynecology, with only 30 worldwide reports.
  • This mass extends itself out of pelvis until aorto-abdominal bifurcation, and has gummatous, elastic, and highly bleeding consistency.
  • Histopathologic report was intravenous leiomyomatosis with benign smooth muscular fibers infiltrating adjacent structures.
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Female. Humans. Neoplasm Invasiveness. Veins

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  • (PMID = 18798452.001).
  • [ISSN] 0300-9041
  • [Journal-full-title] Ginecología y obstetricia de México
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Ginecol Obstet Mex
  • [Language] spa
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; English Abstract; Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] Mexico
  • [Number-of-references] 8
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68. Heffernan EJ, Hayes MM, Alkubaidan FO, Clarkson PW, Munk PL: Aggressive angiomyxoma of the thigh. Skeletal Radiol; 2008 Jul;37(7):673-8
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  • Aggressive angiomyxoma is a rare tumour that typically occurs in the perineum in women of reproductive age.
  • A small number of cases occurring in men have been reported, all of which were located in the low pelvis, perineum or scrotum.
  • While benign, the tumour is locally infiltrative and consequently has a high rate of local recurrence following surgery; therefore, accurate pre-operative diagnosis is important.
  • The characteristic location of these tumours in the low pelvis or perineum has led to speculation that aggressive angiomyxomas arise from a mesenchymal cell that is unique to the perineum.
  • We describe a case of aggressive angiomyxoma arising in the thigh of a 54-year-old man, which we believe is the first reported instance of this rare neoplasm occurring remote from the pelvis or perineum in a male patient.
  • At histological analysis, the tumour exhibited the characteristic features of aggressive angiomyxoma, with bland spindle cells and large, hyalinised blood vessels in a hypocellular myxoid matrix.

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  • (PMID = 18338163.001).
  • [ISSN] 0364-2348
  • [Journal-full-title] Skeletal radiology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Skeletal Radiol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Germany
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