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1. Saibishkumar EP, Jha N, Scrimger RA, MacKenzie MA, Daly H, Field C, Fallone G, Parliament MB: Sparing the parotid glands and surgically transferred submandibular gland with helical tomotherapy in post-operative radiation of head and neck cancer: a planning study. Radiother Oncol; 2007 Oct;85(1):98-104
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  • MATERIALS AND METHODS: Ten patients (larynx-2, base of tongue-4, tonsil-3, and unknown primary-1; pathologic stages III-IV) who underwent SMG transfers on the side of N0 neck along with definitive surgery were selected for this study.

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  • (PMID = 17923162.001).
  • [ISSN] 0167-8140
  • [Journal-full-title] Radiotherapy and oncology : journal of the European Society for Therapeutic Radiology and Oncology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Radiother Oncol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Ireland
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2. Gomez-Bougie P, Bataille R, Amiot M: Endogenous association of Bim BH3-only protein with Mcl-1, Bcl-xL and Bcl-2 on mitochondria in human B cells. Eur J Immunol; 2005 Mar;35(3):971-6
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  • In the current study, we demonstrated that in normal tonsil B cells the three major Bim isoforms are strongly associated with the anti-apoptotic Bcl-2 family members Mcl-1, Bcl-2 and Bcl-x(L).
  • [MeSH-major] B-Lymphocytes / metabolism. Carrier Proteins / metabolism. Membrane Proteins / metabolism. Mitochondria / metabolism. Neoplasm Proteins / metabolism. Proto-Oncogene Proteins / metabolism. Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-bcl-2 / metabolism
  • [MeSH-minor] Apoptosis / physiology. Apoptosis Regulatory Proteins. Cells, Cultured. Humans. Immunoblotting. Immunoprecipitation. Myeloid Cell Leukemia Sequence 1 Protein. Palatine Tonsil / cytology. Protein Isoforms / immunology. Protein Isoforms / metabolism. bcl-X Protein

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  • (PMID = 15724238.001).
  • [ISSN] 0014-2980
  • [Journal-full-title] European journal of immunology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Eur. J. Immunol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] Germany
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Apoptosis Regulatory Proteins; 0 / BCL2L1 protein, human; 0 / Bcl-2-like protein 11; 0 / Carrier Proteins; 0 / Membrane Proteins; 0 / Myeloid Cell Leukemia Sequence 1 Protein; 0 / Neoplasm Proteins; 0 / Protein Isoforms; 0 / Proto-Oncogene Proteins; 0 / Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-bcl-2; 0 / bcl-X Protein
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3. Shokouhi G, Naghili B: Spontaneous resolution of acquired tonsillar herniation caused by isolated cerebellar tonsil inflammation: case report. Neurosurgery; 2005 May;56(5):E1158; discussion E1158
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  • [Title] Spontaneous resolution of acquired tonsillar herniation caused by isolated cerebellar tonsil inflammation: case report.
  • An unusual case is reported in which regression of an acquired Chiari I malformation caused by isolated cerebellar tonsil inflammation in a patient with infectious mononucleosis was observed after conservative treatment.
  • This supports the view that the cause of tonsillar herniation should be considered as an important factor in patient selection for surgical decompression.
  • A magnetic resonance imaging study demonstrated isolated right cerebellar tonsil enhancement and herniation into the foramen magnum.
  • A follow-up magnetic resonance imaging study obtained 2 months after discharge demonstrated resolution of the tonsillar herniation.
  • CONCLUSION: Because the patient presented with infectious mononucleosis and cerebellar tonsillar herniation, direct treatment of decompression was considered unnecessary.

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  • (PMID = 15854268.001).
  • [ISSN] 1524-4040
  • [Journal-full-title] Neurosurgery
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Neurosurgery
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Antiviral Agents
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4. Zhang X, Li H, Liu X, Zhang Q, Liu H, Wang X, Ling Y: [Study and analysis on the quantitive detection of EBV-DNA in adenoidal hypertrophic and tonsillitis tissues of children]. Lin Chung Er Bi Yan Hou Tou Jing Wai Ke Za Zhi; 2009 Dec;23(24):1108-11
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  • The school age group (7- to 14-years-old) presented higher infection rate of EBV in the tissues of adenoid and tonsil (65.5%) than the pre-school children group (2- to 6-years-old) (34.8%).
  • So there were essential different between benign hyperplasia and nasopharyngeal carcinoma.
  • [MeSH-minor] Adolescent. Child. Child, Preschool. Female. Herpesvirus 4, Human. Humans. Hypertrophy / pathology. Hypertrophy / virology. Male. Palatine Tonsil / pathology. Palatine Tonsil / virology

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  • (PMID = 20359084.001).
  • [ISSN] 1001-1781
  • [Journal-full-title] Lin chuang er bi yan hou tou jing wai ke za zhi = Journal of clinical otorhinolaryngology, head, and neck surgery
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Lin Chung Er Bi Yan Hou Tou Jing Wai Ke Za Zhi
  • [Language] chi
  • [Publication-type] English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] China
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / DNA, Viral
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5. Goto T, Bandoh N, Yoshizaki T, Nozawa H, Takahara M, Ueda S, Hayashi T, Harabuchi Y: Increase in B-cell-activation factor (BAFF) and IFN-gamma productions by tonsillar mononuclear cells stimulated with deoxycytidyl-deoxyguanosine oligodeoxynucleotides (CpG-ODN) in patients with IgA nephropathy. Clin Immunol; 2008 Mar;126(3):260-9
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  • [Title] Increase in B-cell-activation factor (BAFF) and IFN-gamma productions by tonsillar mononuclear cells stimulated with deoxycytidyl-deoxyguanosine oligodeoxynucleotides (CpG-ODN) in patients with IgA nephropathy.
  • IgA nephropathy (IgAN), the most common form of primary glomerulonephritis, is recognized as a tonsil-related diseases since it often gets worse after and/or during acute tonsillitis and the disease progression is often prevented by tonsillectomy.
  • Although several reports showed an increase in IgA production of tonsillar mononuclear cells (TMCs), its mechanism has not yet been fully clarified.
  • [MeSH-major] B-Cell Activating Factor / biosynthesis. Glomerulonephritis, IGA / immunology. Interferon-gamma / biosynthesis. Leukocytes, Mononuclear / drug effects. Leukocytes, Mononuclear / metabolism. Oligodeoxyribonucleotides / pharmacology. Palatine Tonsil / cytology

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  • (PMID = 18249037.001).
  • [ISSN] 1521-6616
  • [Journal-full-title] Clinical immunology (Orlando, Fla.)
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Clin. Immunol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / B-Cell Activating Factor; 0 / CPG-oligonucleotide; 0 / Immunoglobulin A; 0 / Oligodeoxyribonucleotides; 0 / TNFSF13B protein, human; 82115-62-6 / Interferon-gamma
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6. Wesley IV, Bhaduri S, Bush E: Prevalence of Yersinia enterocolitica in market weight hogs in the United States. J Food Prot; 2008 Jun;71(6):1162-8
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  • The goals of this study were (i) to estimate the individual animal and on-farm prevalences of Y. enterocolitica in hogs based on tonsil samples collected during National Animal Health Monitoring System Swine 2002 study and (ii) to use these data with data previously published for fecal samples to determine on-farm risk factors for Y. enterocolitica.
  • Tonsil swabs (1,218) and fecal samples (2,847) were collected on 124 farms located in the top 17 pork-producing states.
  • [MeSH-minor] Animal Feed / adverse effects. Animal Feed / analysis. Animals. Colony Count, Microbial. Consumer Product Safety. Disease Reservoirs / microbiology. Disease Reservoirs / veterinary. Feces / microbiology. Food Contamination / analysis. Food Contamination / prevention & control. Food Microbiology. Humans. Logistic Models. Odds Ratio. Palatine Tonsil / microbiology. Prevalence. Risk Factors. Surveys and Questionnaires. United States / epidemiology

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  • (PMID = 18592741.001).
  • [ISSN] 0362-028X
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of food protection
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Food Prot.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] United States
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7. Comar M, Zanotta N, Bovenzi M, Campello C: JCV/BKV and SV40 viral load in lymphoid tissues of young immunocompetent children from an area of north-east Italy. J Med Virol; 2010 Jul;82(7):1236-40
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  • The role of tonsil, adenoid, and peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) as possible sites of JCV, BKV, and SV40 latency in young healthy children was assessed.
  • Two hundred fifteen fresh specimens, including 57 tonsil, 80 adenoid, and 78 PBMC samples from 80 immunocompetent children (mean age 4.8 years) were analyzed to determine the viral load by quantitative real-time PCR.
  • SV40 was detected in one adenoid sample, while footprints of BKV were found in one adenoid and three tonsil samples.
  • [MeSH-major] Adenoids / virology. BK Virus / isolation & purification. JC Virus / isolation & purification. Neutrophils / virology. Palatine Tonsil / virology. Polyomavirus Infections / virology. Simian virus 40 / isolation & purification. Viral Load

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  • [Copyright] (c) 2010 Wiley-Liss, Inc.
  • (PMID = 20513090.001).
  • [ISSN] 1096-9071
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of medical virology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Med. Virol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] United States
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8. Greenland KB, Cumpston PH, Huang J: Magnetic resonance scanning of the upper airway following difficult intubation reveals an unexpected lingual tonsil. Anaesth Intensive Care; 2009 Mar;37(2):301-4
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  • [Title] Magnetic resonance scanning of the upper airway following difficult intubation reveals an unexpected lingual tonsil.
  • The cause of the difficult laryngoscopy was a lingual tonsil as shown in postoperative magnetic resonance scans.
  • [MeSH-major] Intubation, Intratracheal. Magnetic Resonance Imaging / methods. Palatine Tonsil / pathology

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  • [CommentIn] Anaesth Intensive Care. 2009 Mar;37(2):171-4 [19400481.001]
  • (PMID = 19400497.001).
  • [ISSN] 0310-057X
  • [Journal-full-title] Anaesthesia and intensive care
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Anaesth Intensive Care
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Australia
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9. Goldstein NA, Stewart MG, Witsell DL, Hannley MT, Weaver EM, Yueh B, Smith TL, Orvidas LJ, TO TREAT Study Investigators: Quality of life after tonsillectomy in children with recurrent tonsillitis. Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg; 2008 Jan;138(1 Suppl):S9-S16
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  • OBJECTIVE: To describe changes in disease-specific and global quality of life (QOL) for children with recurrent or chronic tonsillitis at 6 months and 1 year after tonsillectomy using two validated instruments, the Tonsil and Adenoid Health Status Instrument (TAHSI) and the Child Health Questionaire-PF28 (CHQ-PF28).

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  • [CommentIn] Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2008 Oct;139(4):608; author reply 608-9 [18922360.001]
  • [CommentIn] Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2008 Jan;138(1 Suppl):S17-8 [18164374.001]
  • (PMID = 18164376.001).
  • [ISSN] 0194-5998
  • [Journal-full-title] Otolaryngology--head and neck surgery : official journal of American Academy of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg
  • [Language] eng
  • [Grant] United States / NHLBI NIH HHS / HL / K23 HL068849; United States / NHLBI NIH HHS / HL / R01 HL084139
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Investigator] Belmont M; Brueggar D; Burghardt B; Cannon CR; Conley S; Flanery V; Fornadley J; Gidley P; Goldstein NA; Hessan H; Hoy MJ; Hulka G; Kane P; Kerschner J; Langford J; Lassen LF; Levin R; Nicklaus P; Orvidas L; Parker MY; Patel N; Rice RM Jr; Scher R; Shapiro A; Waguespack R; Wallace D; Weatherly R; Wei J; Williams J; Witsell DL
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10. Isaacson G: In reference to bacteriological comparison of tonsil core in recurrent tonsillitis and tonsillar hypertrophy. Laryngoscope; 2008 Jun;118(6):1131; author reply 1131
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  • [Title] In reference to bacteriological comparison of tonsil core in recurrent tonsillitis and tonsillar hypertrophy.
  • [MeSH-major] Palatine Tonsil / microbiology. Palatine Tonsil / pathology. Tonsillitis / microbiology

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  • [CommentOn] Laryngoscope. 2007 Dec;117(12):2146-51 [17909446.001]
  • (PMID = 18425053.001).
  • [ISSN] 1531-4995
  • [Journal-full-title] The Laryngoscope
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Laryngoscope
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Comment; Letter
  • [Publication-country] United States
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11. Autschbach F, Funke B, Katzenmeier M, Gassler N: Expression of chemokine receptors in normal and inflamed human intestine, tonsil, and liver--an immunohistochemical analysis with new monoclonal antibodies from the 8th international workshop and conference on human leucocyte differentiation antigens. Cell Immunol; 2005 Jul-Aug;236(1-2):110-4
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  • [Title] Expression of chemokine receptors in normal and inflamed human intestine, tonsil, and liver--an immunohistochemical analysis with new monoclonal antibodies from the 8th international workshop and conference on human leucocyte differentiation antigens.
  • To identify suitable monoclonal antibodies for immunohistochemistry, we tested a panel of new reagents provided by the cytokine/chemokine receptor section of the 8th HLDA workshop on cryostat sections of normal human gut, tonsil, and liver.
  • [MeSH-major] Inflammatory Bowel Diseases / metabolism. Intestines / metabolism. Liver / metabolism. Palatine Tonsil / metabolism. Receptors, Chemokine / metabolism

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  • (PMID = 16185674.001).
  • [ISSN] 0008-8749
  • [Journal-full-title] Cellular immunology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Cell. Immunol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Comparative Study; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Antibodies, Monoclonal; 0 / Receptors, Chemokine
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12. Zelazowska-Rutkowska B, Ratomski K, Wysocka J, Kasprzycka E, Hassmann-Poznańska E, Mrugacz M: [Dendritic cells in hypertrophied adenoid at children with otitis media with effusion]. Otolaryngol Pol; 2009 Jul-Aug;63(4):348-52
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  • Dendritic cells activating immunological response in tonsil contribute formation immunologic competent cells on necessity of rolling inflammatory process in middle ear.

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  • (PMID = 19999753.001).
  • [ISSN] 0030-6657
  • [Journal-full-title] Otolaryngologia polska = The Polish otolaryngology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Otolaryngol Pol
  • [Language] pol
  • [Publication-type] Comparative Study; English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Poland
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Antigens, CD19; 0 / Antigens, CD5
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13. Giudice M, Cristofaro MG, Fava MG, Giudice A: An unusual tonsillolithiasis in a patient with chronic obstructive sialoadenitis. Dentomaxillofac Radiol; 2005 Jul;34(4):247-50
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  • Concretions in the tonsil or peritonsillar area are an infrequent entity in clinical practice.
  • We review published cases of tonsilloliths and analyse the causes of stone formation in peritonsillar and tonsil regions.
  • [MeSH-major] Lithiasis / radiography. Lymphatic Diseases / radiography. Palatine Tonsil / radiography. Salivary Gland Calculi / radiography. Submandibular Gland Diseases / radiography

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  • (PMID = 15961601.001).
  • [ISSN] 0250-832X
  • [Journal-full-title] Dento maxillo facial radiology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Dentomaxillofac Radiol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Number-of-references] 9
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14. Bingham PC, McFadden AM, Wang J, Kittelberger R, Clough RR, Tham KM: Investigation of a pig herd with animals seropositive for classical swine fever and where porcine circovirus-associated disease had been diagnosed. N Z Vet J; 2010 Oct;58(5):253-9
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  • PCR performed on tonsil, kidney, ileum and spleen gave negative results for CSF virus, and histopathology on lymph nodes, intestine, lung, kidney, liver and brain showed no evidence of the disease.

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  • (PMID = 20927176.001).
  • [ISSN] 0048-0169
  • [Journal-full-title] New Zealand veterinary journal
  • [ISO-abbreviation] N Z Vet J
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] New Zealand
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15. Schrepfer T, Haerle SK, Strobel K, Schaefer N, Hälg RA, Huber GF: The value of (18)F-fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography/computed tomography for staging of primary extranodal head and neck lymphomas. Laryngoscope; 2010 May;120(5):937-44
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  • Most primary sites were in the Waldeyer's ring (15 patients, 60%), whereas in four patients (27%) only the palatine tonsil was affected.
  • [MeSH-minor] Adenocarcinoma / mortality. Adenocarcinoma / pathology. Adenocarcinoma / radionuclide imaging. Adult. Aged. Aged, 80 and over. Cecal Neoplasms / mortality. Cecal Neoplasms / pathology. Cecal Neoplasms / radionuclide imaging. Female. Fluorodeoxyglucose F18. Follow-Up Studies. Humans. Male. Middle Aged. Neoplasm Staging. Neoplasms, Second Primary / mortality. Neoplasms, Second Primary / pathology. Neoplasms, Second Primary / radionuclide imaging. Radiopharmaceuticals. Retrospective Studies

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  • (PMID = 20422687.001).
  • [ISSN] 1531-4995
  • [Journal-full-title] The Laryngoscope
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Laryngoscope
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Blood Glucose; 0 / Radiopharmaceuticals; 0Z5B2CJX4D / Fluorodeoxyglucose F18
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16. Dullaers M, Li D, Xue Y, Ni L, Gayet I, Morita R, Ueno H, Palucka KA, Banchereau J, Oh S: A T cell-dependent mechanism for the induction of human mucosal homing immunoglobulin A-secreting plasmablasts. Immunity; 2009 Jan 16;30(1):120-9
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  • This was supported by the presence of CCR10(+)IgA(+)PBs in tonsil GCs.

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  • (PMID = 19144318.001).
  • [ISSN] 1097-4180
  • [Journal-full-title] Immunity
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Immunity
  • [Language] ENG
  • [Grant] United States / NIAID NIH HHS / AI / U19 AI057234-05S10013; United States / NIAID NIH HHS / AI / AI057234-05S10013; United States / NIAID NIH HHS / AI / AI057234-010006; United States / NIAID NIH HHS / AI / U19 AI057234; United States / NIAID NIH HHS / AI / AI057234-01; United States / NIAID NIH HHS / AI / U19 AI057234-010006; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / R01 CA078846; United States / NIAID NIH HHS / AI / U19 AI057234-01
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / CCR10 protein, human; 0 / CXCR5 protein, human; 0 / Immunoglobulin A; 0 / Interleukin-2; 0 / Interleukins; 0 / Receptors, CCR10; 0 / Receptors, CXCR5; 0 / Recombinant Proteins; 0 / Transforming Growth Factor beta1; 0 / interleukin-21
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ NIHMS92321; NLM/ PMC2659635
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17. Hoefig KP, Thorns C, Roehle A, Kaehler C, Wesche KO, Repsilber D, Branke B, Thiere M, Feller AC, Merz H: Unlocking pathology archives for microRNA-profiling. Anticancer Res; 2008 Jan-Feb;28(1A):119-23
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  • MATERIALS AND METHODS: The miRNA expression profiles of freshly frozen (CRYO) and FFPE tissues of seven tonsil and four liver samples were compared, using a qPCR-based assay, profiling 157 miRNA species.
  • [MeSH-major] Liver Neoplasms / genetics. MicroRNAs / biosynthesis. Tonsillar Neoplasms / genetics

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  • (PMID = 18383833.001).
  • [ISSN] 0250-7005
  • [Journal-full-title] Anticancer research
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Anticancer Res.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Greece
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / MicroRNAs; 1HG84L3525 / Formaldehyde
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18. Race BL, Meade-White KD, Ward A, Jewell J, Miller MW, Williams ES, Chesebro B, Race RE: Levels of abnormal prion protein in deer and elk with chronic wasting disease. Emerg Infect Dis; 2007 Jun;13(6):824-30
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  • Immunoblot quantification of PrPres from tonsil and retropharyngeal lymph nodes showed much higher levels of PrPres in deer than in elk.

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  • (PMID = 17553219.001).
  • [ISSN] 1080-6040
  • [Journal-full-title] Emerging infectious diseases
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Emerging Infect. Dis.
  • [Language] ENG
  • [Grant] United States / Intramural NIH HHS / /
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Intramural
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Prions
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC2792865
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19. Shukla VK, Chauhan VS, Kumar M: Telomerase activation--one step on the road to carcinoma of the gall bladder. Anticancer Res; 2006 Nov-Dec;26(6C):4761-6
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  • Immunohistochemistry was employed using mouse monoclonal antibody against hTERT protein and by taking human tonsil and testicular tissue as positive controls.
  • CONCLUSION: The presence of telomerase may serve as a molecular marker for the diagnosis of gall bladder carcinoma and may have prognostic and therapeutic implications in the treatment of patients in the future.

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  • (PMID = 17214337.001).
  • [ISSN] 0250-7005
  • [Journal-full-title] Anticancer research
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Anticancer Res.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Greece
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Antibodies, Monoclonal; EC 2.7.7.49 / Telomerase; EC 3.1.3.1 / Alkaline Phosphatase
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20. Zastrow MD, Grando LJ, de Carvalho AP, Rath IB, Calvo MC: A comparative study of the breathing pattern and amount of nasopharynx obstruction by the pharyngeal tonsil in HIV infected and non infected children. Braz J Otorhinolaryngol; 2007 Sep-Oct;73(5):583-91
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  • [Title] A comparative study of the breathing pattern and amount of nasopharynx obstruction by the pharyngeal tonsil in HIV infected and non infected children.
  • AIM: the goal of the present investigation was to study the association between breathing pattern and pharyngeal tonsil size in 122 children (60 HIV infected and 62 without such infection).
  • MATERIAL AND METHODS: The children were analyzed as to their breathing pattern, nasal flow and pharyngeal tonsil obstruction seen in side cephalometric x-rays, by means of a computerized analysis.
  • The average percentage of nasopharynx obstruction by the pharyngeal tonsil was high in both groups, and there was no statistically significance difference between them.
  • Children from both groups had a moderate or large size of pharyngeal tonsil, and there was no association between tonsil size and HIV (p=0.21).
  • [MeSH-major] Airway Obstruction / physiopathology. HIV Infections / physiopathology. Nasopharynx / physiopathology. Palatine Tonsil / pathology

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  • (PMID = 18094798.001).
  • [ISSN] 1808-8694
  • [Journal-full-title] Brazilian journal of otorhinolaryngology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Braz J Otorhinolaryngol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Comparative Study; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Brazil
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21. Januszkiewicz A, Klaude M, Loré K, Andersson J, Ringdén O, Rooyackers O, Wernerman J: Determination of in vivo protein synthesis in human palatine tonsil. Clin Sci (Lond); 2005 Feb;108(2):179-84
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  • [Title] Determination of in vivo protein synthesis in human palatine tonsil.
  • The palatine tonsils are constantly exposed to ingested or inhaled antigens which, in turn, lead to a permanent activation of tonsillar immune cells, even in a basic physiological state.
  • The aim of the present study was to investigate if the immunological activation of the human palatine tonsil is reflected by a high metabolic activity, as determined by in vivo measurement of protein synthesis.
  • The protein synthesis rate of the tonsil was also compared with that of the circulating T-lymphocytes, the total blood mononuclear cells and the whole population of blood leucocytes.
  • Phenotypic characterization of immune-competent cells in tonsil tissue and blood was performed by flow cytometry.
  • Pinch tonsil biopsies were taken after induction of anaesthesia in healthy adult patients (n=12) scheduled for ear surgery, uvulopalatopharyngoplasty or nose surgery.
  • The in vivo protein synthesis rate in the palatine tonsils was 22.8+/-5.7%/24 h (mean+/-S.D.
  • CD3+ lymphocytes were the most abundant cell population in the tonsil.
  • [MeSH-major] Leukocytes / metabolism. Palatine Tonsil / metabolism. Protein Biosynthesis / immunology

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  • (PMID = 15535800.001).
  • [ISSN] 0143-5221
  • [Journal-full-title] Clinical science (London, England : 1979)
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Clin. Sci.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Antigens, CD; 0 / HLA-DR Antigens
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22. Makrygiannakis D, af Klint E, Lundberg IE, Löfberg R, Ulfgren AK, Klareskog L, Catrina AI: Citrullination is an inflammation-dependent process. Ann Rheum Dis; 2006 Sep;65(9):1219-22
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  • Additionally, muscle tissue from 5 patients with polymyositis and from 7 healthy controls, intestinal tissue from macroscopically affected and non-affected areas from 10 patients with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) and tonsil tissues from 4 chronically inflamed tonsils were studied.
  • All tonsil biopsy specimens studied were positive for citrulline.

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  • (PMID = 16540548.001).
  • [ISSN] 0003-4967
  • [Journal-full-title] Annals of the rheumatic diseases
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Ann. Rheum. Dis.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 29VT07BGDA / Citrulline
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC1798285
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23. Privat N, Laffont-Proust I, Faucheux BA, Sazdovitch V, Frobert Y, Laplanche JL, Grassi J, Hauw JJ, Haïk S: Human prion diseases: from antibody screening to a standardized fast immunodiagnosis using automation. Mod Pathol; 2008 Feb;21(2):140-9
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  • Demonstration of pathological prion protein accumulation in the central nervous system is required to establish the diagnosis of transmissible subacute encephalopathies.
  • A standardized and reliable fast immunostaining procedure was established using an automated diagnostic system (Nexes, Ventana Medical Systems) and allowed prion protein detection in the central nervous system and in tonsil biopsies.
  • It was evaluated in a series of 300 patients with a suspected diagnosis of transmissible subacute encephalopathies and showed high sensitivity and specificity.
  • [MeSH-major] Antibodies, Monoclonal / immunology. Brain / metabolism. Immunoenzyme Techniques / methods. Prion Diseases / diagnosis. Prions / immunology
  • [MeSH-minor] Alzheimer Disease / diagnosis. Alzheimer Disease / immunology. Alzheimer Disease / metabolism. Animals. Creutzfeldt-Jakob Syndrome / diagnosis. Creutzfeldt-Jakob Syndrome / immunology. Creutzfeldt-Jakob Syndrome / metabolism. Cricetinae. Gerstmann-Straussler-Scheinker Disease / diagnosis. Gerstmann-Straussler-Scheinker Disease / immunology. Gerstmann-Straussler-Scheinker Disease / metabolism. Humans. Mass Screening. Mesocricetus. PrPSc Proteins / immunology. PrPSc Proteins / metabolism. Predictive Value of Tests. Sheep

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  • (PMID = 18084251.001).
  • [ISSN] 0893-3952
  • [Journal-full-title] Modern pathology : an official journal of the United States and Canadian Academy of Pathology, Inc
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Mod. Pathol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't; Validation Studies
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Antibodies, Monoclonal; 0 / PrPSc Proteins; 0 / Prions
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24. Petruson K, Mercke C, Lundberg LM, Silander E, Hammerlid E: Longitudinal evaluation of patients with cancer in the oral tongue, tonsils, or base of tongue--does interstitial radiation dose affect quality of life? Brachytherapy; 2005;4(4):271-7
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  • PURPOSE: To evaluate health-related quality of life (HRQL) in patients with oral tongue, tonsil, or base of tongue cancer in a prospective longitudinal study and explore correlations between HRQL scores and interstitial radiation dose, dose rate, and volume of implant.
  • METHODS AND MATERIALS: Ninety patients with oral tongue cancer (n=30) and tonsil or base of tongue cancer (n=60) were assessed with the European Organization of Research and Treatment of Cancer Quality of Life Questionnaire Core-30 and the European Organization of Research and Treatment of Cancer Head and Neck module at diagnosis, and after 3, 12, and 36 months of starting treatment.
  • Most HRQL scores returned to baseline values after 3 years; however, 60% of patients with oral tongue cancer and 80% with tonsil and base of tongue cancer reported problems with dry mouth and half of the patients with tonsil and base of tongue cancer reported problems with swallowing solid food at the 3-year followup.
  • CONCLUSIONS: Patients with oral tongue, tonsil, or base of tongue cancer reported significant problems with dry mouth and swallowing solid food throughout this 3-year followup study.
  • [MeSH-major] Brachytherapy. Quality of Life. Tongue Neoplasms / radiotherapy. Tonsillar Neoplasms / radiotherapy
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Aged. Aged, 80 and over. Female. Follow-Up Studies. Health Status. Humans. Male. Middle Aged. Neoplasm Staging. Patient Compliance. Prospective Studies. Radiotherapy Dosage. Surveys and Questionnaires. Survival Analysis. Time Factors. Treatment Outcome

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  • (PMID = 16344257.001).
  • [ISSN] 1538-4721
  • [Journal-full-title] Brachytherapy
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Brachytherapy
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Comparative Study; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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25. Nozawa H, Kishibe K, Takahara M, Harabuchi Y: Expression of cutaneous lymphocyte-associated antigen (CLA) in tonsillar T-cells and its induction by in vitro stimulation with alpha-streptococci in patients with pustulosis palmaris et plantaris (PPP). Clin Immunol; 2005 Jul;116(1):42-53
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  • [Title] Expression of cutaneous lymphocyte-associated antigen (CLA) in tonsillar T-cells and its induction by in vitro stimulation with alpha-streptococci in patients with pustulosis palmaris et plantaris (PPP).
  • Pustulosis palmaris et plantaris (PPP) is known to be a one of the tonsil-related diseases because tonsillectomy is quite effective in curing this condition.
  • In this study, we investigated the expression of CLA on T-cells in tonsil, peripheral blood, and skin from patients with PPP.
  • Two-color flow cytometric and two-color immunohistological analyses revealed that the numbers of CLA/CD3 double-positive cells in freshly isolated tonsillar mononuclear cells (TMC) and in tonsillar tissues were significantly higher in patients with PPP than in patients without PPP (P<0.01, each).
  • In vitro stimulus with alpha-streptococcal antigens enhanced CLA expression of tonsillar T-cells and TGF-beta production of TMC in patients with PPP (P<0.01, each), but did not in patients without PPP.
  • These data suggest that a novel immune response to alpha-streptococci may enhance CLA expression on tonsillar T-cells through TGF-beta production in patients with PPP, resulting in moving of CLA-positive tonsillar T-cells to skin and tissue damages.
  • [MeSH-major] Membrane Glycoproteins / genetics. Palatine Tonsil / immunology. Psoriasis / immunology. Streptococcus / immunology. T-Lymphocytes / immunology
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Antigens, Bacterial / immunology. Antigens, Bacterial / pharmacology. Antigens, Differentiation, T-Lymphocyte. Antigens, Neoplasm. Cytokines / metabolism. E-Selectin / biosynthesis. E-Selectin / genetics. Female. Humans. Male. Skin / immunology. Skin / metabolism. Tonsillectomy

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  • (PMID = 15925831.001).
  • [ISSN] 1521-6616
  • [Journal-full-title] Clinical immunology (Orlando, Fla.)
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Clin. Immunol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Antigens, Bacterial; 0 / Antigens, Differentiation, T-Lymphocyte; 0 / Antigens, Neoplasm; 0 / CTAGE1 protein, human; 0 / Cytokines; 0 / E-Selectin; 0 / Membrane Glycoproteins
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26. Kruk-Zagajewska A, Milecki P, Wierzbicka M: [Advances in the diagnosis of unknown primary carcinoma of the neck]. Otolaryngol Pol; 2005;59(1):77-83
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  • [Title] [Advances in the diagnosis of unknown primary carcinoma of the neck].
  • The diagnosis of carcinoma of unknown primary is set, when histologically the neck metastases are confirmed but the primary focus is not possible to be found or occurs during the follow-up.
  • The knowledge of carcinoma cells spreading paths between particular neck regions is crucial for effective diagnostics of tumor localization in upper aerodigestive tract.
  • In 17 patients the primary localisation was revealed during the follow-up period in: nasopharynx, palatine tonsil, hypopharynx, testis and breast.
  • In cases when primary tumor was found, the radical surgery or radiotherapy was additionally applied.
  • [MeSH-major] Carcinoma / diagnosis. Head and Neck Neoplasms / diagnosis. Neoplasms, Unknown Primary / diagnosis

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  • (PMID = 15915923.001).
  • [ISSN] 0030-6657
  • [Journal-full-title] Otolaryngologia polska = The Polish otolaryngology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Otolaryngol Pol
  • [Language] pol
  • [Publication-type] English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Poland
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27. Teifke JP, Löhr CV, Langner C: Tp53 expressing squamous cell carcinoma of the tonsil in a captive polar wolf (Canis lupus arctos). J Zoo Wildl Med; 2005 Sep;36(3):538-42
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  • [Title] Tp53 expressing squamous cell carcinoma of the tonsil in a captive polar wolf (Canis lupus arctos).
  • The gross and histopathologic findings for a primary tonsillar squamous cell carcinoma in a captive 11-yr-old male polar wolf (Canis lupus arctos) are described.
  • Tumor suppressor protein TP53 was detected by immunohistochemistry in the nuclei of poorly differentiated, cytokeratin-positive cells of the primary neoplasm and the metastases.
  • [MeSH-major] Carcinoma, Squamous Cell / veterinary. Lymphatic Metastasis. Tonsillar Neoplasms / veterinary. Tumor Suppressor Protein p53 / metabolism. Wolves
  • [MeSH-minor] Animals. Fatal Outcome. Male. Palatine Tonsil / pathology

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  • (PMID = 17312781.001).
  • [ISSN] 1042-7260
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of zoo and wildlife medicine : official publication of the American Association of Zoo Veterinarians
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Zoo Wildl. Med.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Tumor Suppressor Protein p53
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28. Liu DB, Qiu SY, Zhong JW, Huang ZY, Chen Q, Tan ZY: [Diagnosis and treatment of obstructive sleep apnea hypopnea syndrome in children with risk factors]. Zhonghua Er Bi Yan Hou Tou Jing Wai Ke Za Zhi; 2008 Dec;43(12):924-8
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  • [Title] [Diagnosis and treatment of obstructive sleep apnea hypopnea syndrome in children with risk factors].
  • Five cases did not have PSG because they lived far away in the other cities, their pre-operative PSG showed AHI 16.4 to 26.2 times/h, LSaO(2) was 0.65 to 0.76.
  • CONCLUSIONS: For OSAHS children accompanying with risk factors, if they have adenoid and tonsil hypertrophy, adenotonsillectomy is the major treatment.

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  • (PMID = 19141245.001).
  • [ISSN] 1673-0860
  • [Journal-full-title] Zhonghua er bi yan hou tou jing wai ke za zhi = Chinese journal of otorhinolaryngology head and neck surgery
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Zhonghua Er Bi Yan Hou Tou Jing Wai Ke Za Zhi
  • [Language] chi
  • [Publication-type] English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] China
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29. Madhumita K, Nambiar A, Prathapan P: Solitary neurofibroma of the palatine tonsil: a case report. Ear Nose Throat J; 2007 Dec;86(12):756-8
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  • [Title] Solitary neurofibroma of the palatine tonsil: a case report.
  • We present a rare case of a benign tumor of the tonsil in a 49-year-old woman.
  • The tumor was excised in its entirety, and the patient's postoperative course was uneventful.
  • Although some sporadic cases of tonsillar schwannoma have been reported, to the best of our knowledge this is only the second case of a solitary neurofibroma of the palatine tonsil to be reported in the English-language literature.
  • [MeSH-major] Neurofibroma / pathology. Tonsillar Neoplasms / pathology

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  • (PMID = 18217382.001).
  • [ISSN] 0145-5613
  • [Journal-full-title] Ear, nose, & throat journal
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Ear Nose Throat J
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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30. Peral D, Higueras J, Sánchez A, Barberá M: [Lingual tonsil hypertrophy in a case of difficult intubation]. Rev Esp Anestesiol Reanim; 2006 Feb;53(2):134
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  • [Title] [Lingual tonsil hypertrophy in a case of difficult intubation].
  • [Transliterated title] Amígdala lingual hipertrófica en relación con un caso de intubación difícil.
  • [MeSH-major] Intubation, Intratracheal. Palatine Tonsil / pathology

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  • (PMID = 16553356.001).
  • [ISSN] 0034-9356
  • [Journal-full-title] Revista española de anestesiología y reanimación
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Rev Esp Anestesiol Reanim
  • [Language] spa
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Spain
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31. Tomkinson A: Jain tonsil "A" frame--a solution to slipping rods. Clin Otolaryngol; 2005 Dec;30(6):576; author reply 576
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  • [Title] Jain tonsil "A" frame--a solution to slipping rods.

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  • [CommentOn] Clin Otolaryngol. 2005 Jun;30(3):274-5 [16111427.001]
  • (PMID = 16403000.001).
  • [ISSN] 1749-4478
  • [Journal-full-title] Clinical otolaryngology : official journal of ENT-UK ; official journal of Netherlands Society for Oto-Rhino-Laryngology & Cervico-Facial Surgery
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Clin Otolaryngol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Comment; Letter
  • [Publication-country] England
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32. Laccourreye O, Hans S, Ménard M, Garcia D, Brasnu D, Holsinger FC: Transoral lateral oropharyngectomy for squamous cell carcinoma of the tonsillar region: II. An analysis of the incidence, related variables, and consequences of local recurrence. Arch Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg; 2005 Jul;131(7):592-9
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  • [Title] Transoral lateral oropharyngectomy for squamous cell carcinoma of the tonsillar region: II. An analysis of the incidence, related variables, and consequences of local recurrence.
  • PATIENTS: A total of 166 previously untreated patients with squamous cell carcinoma of the tonsil.
  • In univariate analysis, 7 variables were significantly associated with an increased risk of local failure: increasing T classification; positive margins of resection; poor clinical response to induction chemotherapy; tumor spread to the posterior pillar, posterior pharyngeal wall, and contralateral soft palate; and invasion of the junction between the tonsil and soft palate.
  • CONCLUSIONS: Selected tonsillar squamous cell carcinoma can be managed with TLO with local control comparable to radiotherapy.
  • Patient selection is critical and TLO is best suited for patients with anterior T1 to T2 squamous cell carcinoma of the tonsil, without posterior anatomic spread.
  • [MeSH-major] Carcinoma, Squamous Cell / surgery. Neoplasm Recurrence, Local. Oropharynx / surgery. Tonsillar Neoplasms / surgery
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Aged. Aged, 80 and over. Combined Modality Therapy. Female. Humans. Logistic Models. Male. Middle Aged. Neoplasm Metastasis. Neoplasms, Second Primary. Otorhinolaryngologic Surgical Procedures / methods

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  • (PMID = 16027281.001).
  • [ISSN] 0886-4470
  • [Journal-full-title] Archives of otolaryngology--head & neck surgery
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Arch. Otolaryngol. Head Neck Surg.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.
  • [Publication-country] United States
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33. Aydin A, Erkiliç S, Bayazit YA, Koçer NE, Ozer E, Kanlikama M: Relation between actinomycosis and histopathological and clinical features of the palatine tonsils: a comparative study between adult and pediatric patients. Rev Laryngol Otol Rhinol (Bord); 2005;126(2):95-8
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  • [Title] Relation between actinomycosis and histopathological and clinical features of the palatine tonsils: a comparative study between adult and pediatric patients.
  • OBJECTIVE: To find out the incidence of actinomyces in the palatine tonsil of the adult and pediatric patients, and evaluate our results relevant to the clinical diagnoses and histopathological features of tonsillectomy specimens.
  • CONCLUSION: There was no correlation between the clinical diagnosis of tonsillar disease and the presence of actinomycosis both in adult and pediatric patients.
  • Based on the significant association of cryptitis with actinomycosis, cyptitis can be considered a histopathologic indicator for tonsillar actinomycosis.
  • [MeSH-major] Actinomycosis / microbiology. Actinomycosis / pathology. Palatine Tonsil

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  • (PMID = 16180348.001).
  • [ISSN] 0035-1334
  • [Journal-full-title] Revue de laryngologie - otologie - rhinologie
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Rev Laryngol Otol Rhinol (Bord)
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Comparative Study; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] France
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34. Lee DH: Measurements of adult lingual tonsil tissue in health and disease. Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg; 2010 Jul;143(1):172-3; author reply 173
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  • [Title] Measurements of adult lingual tonsil tissue in health and disease.
  • [MeSH-major] Palatine Tonsil / pathology. Tomography, X-Ray Computed

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  • [CommentOn] Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2010 Apr;142(4):520-5 [20304271.001]
  • (PMID = 20620644.001).
  • [ISSN] 1097-6817
  • [Journal-full-title] Otolaryngology--head and neck surgery : official journal of American Academy of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Comment; Letter
  • [Publication-country] United States
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35. Wang N, Liu Z, Wang J, Hwa YL, Li Z, Zhao X, Liu Y: Primary adenomyoepithelioma of tonsil. Head Neck Oncol; 2010 Mar 31;2:7
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  • [Title] Primary adenomyoepithelioma of tonsil.
  • We present a case of adenomyoepithlioma (AME) arising from the tonsil.
  • AME is an uncommon tumor that typically arises in breast, but rarely found in salivary glands, lung, and skin.
  • Here we describe a primary AME originating from the tonsil.
  • A thorough review of the literature indicates that this is likely the first reported case of AME from the tonsil.
  • Following descriptions of the diagnosis, treatment, and prognosis of this specific case, pathologic and clinical characteristics of AME from other tissues are also compiled and discussed.
  • [MeSH-major] Adenomyoepithelioma / pathology. Tonsillar Neoplasms / pathology

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  • [ErratumIn] Head Neck Oncol. 2010;2:17
  • (PMID = 20356364.001).
  • [ISSN] 1758-3284
  • [Journal-full-title] Head & neck oncology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Head Neck Oncol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't; Review
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC3161342
  • [General-notes] NLM/ Original DateCompleted: 20100630
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36. Khan MZ, Akter SH, Islam MN, Karim MR, Islam MR, Kon Y: The effect of selenium and vitamin E on the lymphocytes and immunoglobulin-containing plasma cells in the lymphoid organ and mucosa-associated lymphatic tissues of broiler chickens. Anat Histol Embryol; 2008 Feb;37(1):52-9
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  • Histologically, the population of lymphocytes decreased in the lobules of the thymus, medulla of bursal follicles, splenic masses, lymphatic nodules of the cecal tonsil, and villi of the ilium in 0.1 mg and 0.5 mg selenium supplemented broilers in comparison with the control.
  • In contrast, in the cecal tonsil and ileum IgA-containing plasma cells were more than IgG- and IgM-containing plasma cells.
  • In the spleen the frequency of IgM-containing plasma cells and both in the cecal tonsil and ileum, the IgG-containing plasma cells were more decreased by selenium supplementation which restored in their population by vitamin E supplementation.

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  • (PMID = 18197900.001).
  • [ISSN] 0340-2096
  • [Journal-full-title] Anatomia, histologia, embryologia
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Anat Histol Embryol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] Germany
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Antioxidants; 0 / Immunoglobulins; 1406-18-4 / Vitamin E; H6241UJ22B / Selenium
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37. Wilson S, Norton P, Leigh J, Bailey M: Early, microbially driven follicular reactions in the neonatal piglet do not contribute to expansion of the immunoglobulin heavy chain V-D-J repertoire. Vet Immunol Immunopathol; 2007 Jul 15;118(1-2):105-12
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  • Here, the response of the palatine tonsil to microbial colonisation was compared in age-matched conventionally reared and germ-free piglets.
  • At 3 and 5 days after birth an expansion in the B-cell follicle area was observed in the conventional, microbially colonised animals, which was not seen in the germ-free piglets.
  • [MeSH-minor] Animals. Animals, Newborn. B-Lymphocytes / immunology. B-Lymphocytes / metabolism. Germ-Free Life. Immunoglobulin Class Switching. Palatine Tonsil / immunology. Swine, Miniature

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  • (PMID = 17560662.001).
  • [ISSN] 0165-2427
  • [Journal-full-title] Veterinary immunology and immunopathology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Vet. Immunol. Immunopathol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] Netherlands
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Immunoglobulin Heavy Chains
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38. Pabiszczak M, Wierzbicka M, Szyfter W: [Localisation and direction of spread in oral and oropharyngeal cancer in the material of Head and Neck Oncological Surgery Department, University of Medical Sciences in Poznań]. Otolaryngol Pol; 2005;59(2):201-7
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  • [Transliterated title] Kierunki progresji raka jamy ustnej i gardła na podstawie analizy materiału własnego Kliniki Otolaryngologii i Onkologii Laryngologicznej AM w Poznaniu.
  • The directions of tumor spread are determined by the anatomy of the affected organ.
  • The vessel, nerve anatomy and presence of structures, that may potentially constitute a barrier for spread out of the tumor are of crucial importance.
  • The primary localization included in the palatine tonsil (82 patients), trunk of the tongue (48 patients) and floor of the mouth (20 patients) were predominated.
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Aged. Aged, 80 and over. Female. Humans. Male. Middle Aged. Neoplasm Invasiveness. Neoplasm Staging. Poland. Retrospective Studies

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  • (PMID = 16095088.001).
  • [ISSN] 0030-6657
  • [Journal-full-title] Otolaryngologia polska = The Polish otolaryngology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Otolaryngol Pol
  • [Language] pol
  • [Publication-type] English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Poland
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39. Huang TW, Cheng PW: Microdebrider-assisted extended uvulopalatoplasty: an effective and safe technique for selected patients with obstructive sleep apnea syndrome. Arch Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg; 2008 Feb;134(2):141-5
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  • Patients with a Friedman palate position of grade 4 and a tonsil size of grade 3 or 4 were excluded.

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  • (PMID = 18283155.001).
  • [ISSN] 0886-4470
  • [Journal-full-title] Archives of otolaryngology--head & neck surgery
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Arch. Otolaryngol. Head Neck Surg.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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40. El-Mofty SK: Human papillomavirus (HPV) related carcinomas of the upper aerodigestive tract. Head Neck Pathol; 2007 Dec;1(2):181-5
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  • Epidemiologic, clinical, morphologic and molecular evidence show that high risk HPV, particularly type 16, is a prerequisite for some carcinomas of the upper aerodigestive tract (UADT), particularly tonsil and base of tongue.
  • They usually present as a small or occult primary tumor with advanced neck disease.
  • [MeSH-major] Carcinoma, Squamous Cell / pathology. Palatine Tonsil / pathology. Papillomavirus Infections / pathology. Tongue Neoplasms / pathology. Tonsillar Neoplasms / pathology. Tumor Virus Infections / pathology
  • [MeSH-minor] Alphapapillomavirus / genetics. Alphapapillomavirus / immunology. Alphapapillomavirus / isolation & purification. Biomarkers, Tumor / metabolism. DNA, Viral / analysis. Female. Humans. Male. Viral Vaccines

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  • (PMID = 20614273.001).
  • [ISSN] 1936-0568
  • [Journal-full-title] Head and neck pathology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Head Neck Pathol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Congresses
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Biomarkers, Tumor; 0 / DNA, Viral; 0 / Viral Vaccines
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC2807527
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41. Perez-Chacon G, Vargas JA, Jorda J, Alvarez N, Martin-Donaire T, Rosado S, Losada-Fernandez I, Rebolleda N, Perez-Aciego P: CD5 does not regulate the signaling triggered through BCR in B cells from a subset of B-CLL patients. Leuk Lymphoma; 2007 Jan;48(1):147-57
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  • CD5 is also characteristic of B-chronic lymphocytic leukemia (B-CLL) B cells, although its implication in the development of this lymphoproliferative disorder has not been studied.
  • As opposed to tonsil B cells, we did not observe an increase in the apoptotic or viability signals induced by anti-immunoglobulin M or SAC/interleukin-2 when CD5 was dissociated from BCR in leukemic cells of the majority of patients.
  • [MeSH-minor] Aged. Aged, 80 and over. Apoptosis. Cell Survival. Cells, Cultured. Female. Humans. Male. Middle Aged. Palatine Tonsil / pathology. Signal Transduction

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  • (PMID = 17325858.001).
  • [ISSN] 1042-8194
  • [Journal-full-title] Leukemia & lymphoma
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Leuk. Lymphoma
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Comparative Study; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Antigens, CD5; 0 / Receptors, Antigen, B-Cell
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42. Chen HT, Zhang J, Ma LN, Ma YP, Ding YZ, Liu XT, Chen L, Ma LQ, Zhang YG, Liu YS: Rapid pre-clinical detection of classical swine fever by reverse transcription loop-mediated isothermal amplification. Mol Cell Probes; 2009 Apr;23(2):71-4
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  • The detection rates of CSFV RT-LAMP, RT-PCR and virus isolation for samples including blood, tonsil, nasal and rectal swabs from uninoculated pigs without any clear clinical symptom were 89%, 78% and 71%, respectively.
  • Furthermore, all of the assays showed higher sensitivity for blood and tonsil swabs samples than nasal and rectal swabs.
  • [MeSH-major] Classical Swine Fever / diagnosis. Classical swine fever virus / genetics. Classical swine fever virus / isolation & purification. Nucleic Acid Amplification Techniques / methods

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  • (PMID = 19103283.001).
  • [ISSN] 1096-1194
  • [Journal-full-title] Molecular and cellular probes
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Mol. Cell. Probes
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] England
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43. Ma S, Han Y, Wang W, Zhang M, Wang W, Zhou L: [Application of pectoralis major myocutaneous flap in repair of defect caused by resection of tonsillar cancer]. Zhongguo Xiu Fu Chong Jian Wai Ke Za Zhi; 2010 May;24(5):556-8
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  • [Title] [Application of pectoralis major myocutaneous flap in repair of defect caused by resection of tonsillar cancer].
  • OBJECTIVE: To discuss and value the effects and the advantages of pectoralis major myocutaneous flap in repair of defect caused by resection of tonsillar cancer.
  • METHODS: The data were retrospectively summarized from 10 patients with recurrent tonsillar cancer after radical radiotherapy from January 1998 to December 2005, including 7 cases of squamous cell carcinoma, 2 cases of undifferentiated carcinoma, and 1 case of adenoid cystic carcinoma.
  • Recurrent tonsil cancer invaded tongue base, soft palate, posterior wall of pharyngeal, parapharyngeal space, and palate.
  • Tumor size was from 4 cm x 2 cm to 8 cm x 5 cm.
  • Pectoralis major myocutaneous flap is an ideal material in repair of defect caused by resection of recurrent tonsillar carcinoma after radiotherapy.
  • [MeSH-major] Pectoralis Muscles / transplantation. Soft Tissue Injuries / surgery. Surgical Flaps. Tonsillar Neoplasms / surgery

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  • (PMID = 20540259.001).
  • [ISSN] 1002-1892
  • [Journal-full-title] Zhongguo xiu fu chong jian wai ke za zhi = Zhongguo xiufu chongjian waike zazhi = Chinese journal of reparative and reconstructive surgery
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Zhongguo Xiu Fu Chong Jian Wai Ke Za Zhi
  • [Language] chi
  • [Publication-type] English Abstract; Evaluation Studies; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] China
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44. Yang F, Liu WP, Jiang LL, Li FY, Liao DY, Li GD: [Solitary plasmacytoma: a clinicopathologic and immunophenotypic analysis of 43 cases]. Sichuan Da Xue Xue Bao Yi Xue Ban; 2006 Jan;37(1):93-6, 144
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  • OBJECTIVE: To investigate the clinicopathologic and immunophenotypic features of solitary plasmacytoma and discuss the diagnosis and differential diagnosis of the tumor.
  • Clinically, the neoplasms of 22 cases were located in nasal cavity or nasosinus, 2 cases were located in lung and tonsil respectively.
  • Histopathological examination revealed tumor cells diffuse infiltration with necrosis and ulceration; the well-differentiated tumor cells were similar to the normal plasmacyte in shape; the poorly-differentiated tumor resembled centroblasts; there were a few interstitial tissues with plenty of vessels or formation of blood lakes; and there was deposition of amyloid materials.
  • Immunophenotypic analysis showed that all tumor cells were positive for CD79a and negative for CD20; that plasma cell marker (VS38C) was expressed in 41 cases; that light chain restriction was detected in all 43 cases( 31 for lamda and 12 for kappa), and that heavy chain expression was detected in 39 for IgG, 1 for IgA, 2 for both IgG and IgM, and 1 for IgA/IgG.
  • And, when poorly-differentiated solitary plasmacytomas were tentatively diagnosed, large cell lymphoma, melanoma and poorly differentiated carcinoma should be considered in differential diagnosis.
  • [MeSH-minor] Adolescent. Adult. Aged. Bone Neoplasms / metabolism. Bone Neoplasms / pathology. Child. Child, Preschool. Diagnosis, Differential. Female. Humans. Immunohistochemistry. Immunophenotyping. Male. Middle Aged

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  • (PMID = 16468652.001).
  • [ISSN] 1672-173X
  • [Journal-full-title] Sichuan da xue xue bao. Yi xue ban = Journal of Sichuan University. Medical science edition
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Sichuan Da Xue Xue Bao Yi Xue Ban
  • [Language] chi
  • [Publication-type] English Abstract; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] China
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Antigens, CD20; 0 / Antigens, CD79; 0 / Immunoglobulins
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45. Gatumu MK, Jonsson MV, Øijordsbakken G, Skarstein K: Nuclear BCL10 in primary Sjögren's syndrome. J Oral Pathol Med; 2009 Jul;38(6):501-7
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  • Tonsil, lymph node and lymphoma tissue were used as positive controls.

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  • (PMID = 19298243.001).
  • [ISSN] 1600-0714
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of oral pathology & medicine : official publication of the International Association of Oral Pathologists and the American Academy of Oral Pathology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Oral Pathol. Med.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Comparative Study; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] Denmark
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Adaptor Proteins, Signal Transducing; 0 / Antibodies, Antinuclear; 0 / BCL10 protein, human; 0 / Biomarkers; 0 / NF-kappa B; 0 / Receptors, Complement 3d; 0 / SS-A antibodies; 0 / SS-B antibodies; 0 / Transcription Factor RelA
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46. Keogh IJ, Khoo SG, Waheed K, Timon C: Complete branchial cleft fistula: diagnosis and surgical management. Rev Laryngol Otol Rhinol (Bord); 2007;128(1-2):73-6
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  • [Title] Complete branchial cleft fistula: diagnosis and surgical management.
  • Second branchial cleft fistulae pass deep to second arch structures and over third arch structures, in a direction extending from the anterior border of sternocleidomastoid (SCM) muscle to the upper pole of the ipsilateral tonsil fossa.
  • Complete fistulae in adults are rare and diagnosis can be difficult.

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  • (PMID = 17633671.001).
  • [ISSN] 0035-1334
  • [Journal-full-title] Revue de laryngologie - otologie - rhinologie
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Rev Laryngol Otol Rhinol (Bord)
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] France
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47. Baccaro MR, Hirose F, Umehara O, Gonçalves LC, Doto DS, Paixão R, Shinya LT, Moreno AM: Comparative efficacy of two single-dose bacterins in the control of Mycoplasma hyopneumoniae in swine raised under commercial conditions in Brazil. Vet J; 2006 Nov;172(3):526-31
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  • On days-on-test (DOT) 0, 35, 66, 97 and 125, blood samples and tonsil swabs were collected from selected pigs for antibody determination (indirect ELISA) and PCR assay for the presence of M. hyopneumoniae.

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  • (PMID = 16129636.001).
  • [ISSN] 1090-0233
  • [Journal-full-title] Veterinary journal (London, England : 1997)
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Vet. J.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Comparative Study; Journal Article; Randomized Controlled Trial; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Antibodies, Bacterial; 0 / Bacterial Vaccines; 0 / DNA, Bacterial
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48. Marois C, Fablet C, Gaillot O, Morvan H, Madec F, Kobisch M: Molecular diversity of porcine and human isolates of Pasteurella multocida. J Appl Microbiol; 2009 Dec 1;107(6):1830-6
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  • AIMS: To examine the variability among Pasteurella multocida strains isolated from pigs (nasal, tonsil and lung specimens) and humans in France.

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  • (PMID = 19457034.001).
  • [ISSN] 1365-2672
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of applied microbiology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Appl. Microbiol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] England
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49. Derkay CS, Darrow DH, Welch C, Sinacori JT: Post-tonsillectomy morbidity and quality of life in pediatric patients with obstructive tonsils and adenoid: microdebrider vs electrocautery. Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg; 2006 Jan;134(1):114-20
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  • At 1-month follow-up, children in the microdebrider group were 5 times more likely to have residual tonsil tissue.
  • Residual tonsil tissue is more common with use of the microdebrider; however, the incidence of future obstruction or infection is unknown.
  • [MeSH-major] Debridement / instrumentation. Electrocoagulation / instrumentation. Palatine Tonsil / pathology. Palatine Tonsil / surgery. Tonsillectomy / instrumentation

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  • (PMID = 16399190.001).
  • [ISSN] 0194-5998
  • [Journal-full-title] Otolaryngology--head and neck surgery : official journal of American Academy of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Comparative Study; Journal Article; Randomized Controlled Trial; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] United States
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50. Yildirim G, Morrison WH, Rosenthal DI, Sturgis EM, Papadimitrakopoulou VA, Schwartz DL, Garden AS: Outcomes of patients with tonsillar carcinoma treated with post-tonsillectomy radiation therapy. Head Neck; 2010 Apr;32(4):473-80
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  • [Title] Outcomes of patients with tonsillar carcinoma treated with post-tonsillectomy radiation therapy.
  • BACKGROUND: Our aim was to evaluate the therapeutic outcomes of patients with squamous cell carcinoma of the tonsil that underwent tonsillectomies followed by radiotherapy.
  • Anderson Cancer Center identified 120 patients with carcinoma of the tonsil who were irradiated between 1979 and 2004 following total gross removal of their disease by tonsillectomy.
  • Our common practice is to deliver 66 Gy to the tonsillar bed.
  • [MeSH-major] Carcinoma, Squamous Cell / mortality. Carcinoma, Squamous Cell / therapy. Neoplasm Recurrence, Local / pathology. Tonsillar Neoplasms / mortality. Tonsillar Neoplasms / therapy
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Age Factors. Aged. Analysis of Variance. Biopsy, Needle. Chemotherapy, Adjuvant. Chi-Square Distribution. Cohort Studies. Combined Modality Therapy. Female. Follow-Up Studies. Humans. Immunohistochemistry. Kaplan-Meier Estimate. Male. Middle Aged. Neoplasm Staging. Probability. Radiotherapy, Adjuvant. Retrospective Studies. Risk Assessment. Sex Factors. Survival Analysis. Tonsillectomy / methods. Treatment Outcome. Young Adult


51. Teker AM, Korkut AY, Gedikli O, Kahya V: Prospective, controlled clinical trial of Ankaferd Blood Stopper in children undergoing tonsillectomy. Int J Pediatr Otorhinolaryngol; 2009 Dec;73(12):1742-5
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  • ABS is applied on right side tonsil fossa and KT is used on left side tonsil fossa.
  • In total, 47 consecutive patients undergoing cold knife dissection tonsillectomy were studied, in all of whom Ankaferd Blood Stopper wet tampon was used for right side tonsil hemorrhage and knot-tie technique for left side tonsil hemorrhage.
  • RESULTS: Ankaferd Blood Stopper side had shorter hemostasis time after tonsil removal than knot-tie side (3.19+/-0.74 min vs 7.29+/-2.33 min [mean+/-SD], p<0.01) and less blood loss (1.57+/-2.26 ml vs 14.04+/-7.23 ml [mean+/-SD], p<0.01).

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  • (PMID = 19836089.001).
  • [ISSN] 1872-8464
  • [Journal-full-title] International journal of pediatric otorhinolaryngology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Int. J. Pediatr. Otorhinolaryngol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Comparative Study; Controlled Clinical Trial; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Ireland
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Hemostatics
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52. Doster AR, Subramaniam S, Yhee JY, Kwon BJ, Yu CH, Kwon SY, Osorio FA, Sur JH: Distribution and characterization of IL-10-secreting cells in lymphoid tissues of PCV2-infected pigs. J Vet Sci; 2010 Sep;11(3):177-83
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  • This study showed that in PCV2-infected lymphoid tissues, particularly mandibular lymph node, spleen and tonsil, IL-10 expression was mainly localized in T-cell rich areas but rarely in B cell rich areas.

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  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Vet. Sci.
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53. Toner M, O'Regan EM: Head and neck squamous cell carcinoma in the young: a spectrum or a distinct group? Part 1. Head Neck Pathol; 2009 Sep;3(3):246-8
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  • Part of this trend appears to be due to rising numbers of HPV associated tonsil carcinoma, particularly in males (smokers and non-smokers).

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  • [ISSN] 1936-0568
  • [Journal-full-title] Head and neck pathology
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54. Jongbloed SL, Kassianos AJ, McDonald KJ, Clark GJ, Ju X, Angel CE, Chen CJ, Dunbar PR, Wadley RB, Jeet V, Vulink AJ, Hart DN, Radford KJ: Human CD141+ (BDCA-3)+ dendritic cells (DCs) represent a unique myeloid DC subset that cross-presents necrotic cell antigens. J Exp Med; 2010 Jun 7;207(6):1247-60
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  • CD141+ DCs are found in human lymph nodes, bone marrow, tonsil, and blood, and the latter proved to be the best source of highly purified cells for functional analysis.

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  • (PMID = 20479116.001).
  • [ISSN] 1540-9538
  • [Journal-full-title] The Journal of experimental medicine
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Exp. Med.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Antigens; 0 / Antigens, CD1; 0 / Antigens, Surface; 0 / Phosphoproteins; 0 / Recombinant Proteins; 0 / THBD protein, human; 0 / TLR3 protein, human; 0 / Thrombomodulin; 0 / Toll-Like Receptor 3; 0 / Viral Matrix Proteins; 0 / blood dendritic cell antigen 3, human; 0 / cytomegalovirus matrix protein 65kDa; 187348-17-0 / Interleukin-12; 24939-03-5 / Poly I-C; 77238-31-4 / Interferon-beta
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC2882828
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55. Romanova N, Corredor JC, Nagy E: Detection and quantitation of fowl adenovirus genome by a real-time PCR assay. J Virol Methods; 2009 Jul;159(1):58-63
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  • FAdV-9 DNA was detected in liver, bursa of Fabricius and cecal tonsil tissues in a range of 10(2)-10(7) copies per 100 ng of total DNA.
  • High amounts of viral DNA were present in the cecal tonsils for a week after inoculation making this tissue an ideal sample source for the diagnosis of FAdV infection.

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  • (PMID = 19442846.001).
  • [ISSN] 1879-0984
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of virological methods
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Virol. Methods
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] Netherlands
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / DNA, Viral
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56. Hamlyn E, Marriott D, Gallagher RM: Secondary syphilis presenting as tonsillitis in three patients. J Laryngol Otol; 2006 Jul;120(7):602-4
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  • All were subsequently diagnosed with secondary syphilis of the tonsil.
  • Syphilis should be considered as a diagnosis in high risk patients presenting with tonsillar lesions, even in the absence of other classical features of the disease.
  • [MeSH-major] Homosexuality, Male. Palatine Tonsil / microbiology. Syphilis / complications. Tonsillitis / etiology

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  • (PMID = 16556350.001).
  • [ISSN] 1748-5460
  • [Journal-full-title] The Journal of laryngology and otology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Laryngol Otol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Anti-Bacterial Agents; 17R794ESYN / Penicillin G Procaine
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57. Ghobrial IM, McCormick DJ, Kaufmann SH, Leontovich AA, Loegering DA, Dai NT, Krajnik KL, Stenson MJ, Melhem MF, Novak AJ, Ansell SM, Witzig TE: Proteomic analysis of mantle-cell lymphoma by protein microarray. Blood; 2005 May 1;105(9):3722-30
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  • We used antibody microarrays to compare patterns of protein expression between CD19(+) purified B lymphocytes from normal tonsil and 7 cases of histologically confirmed MCL.
  • Protein overexpression was defined as a higher than 1.3-fold or 2-fold increase in at least 67% of tumor samples compared with normal B-cell control.

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  • (PMID = 15650054.001).
  • [ISSN] 0006-4971
  • [Journal-full-title] Blood
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Blood
  • [Language] ENG
  • [Grant] United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / CA15083-29C1; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / CA97274
  • [Publication-type] Comparative Study; Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Neoplasm Proteins
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC1895014
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58. Chatziavramidis A, Constantinidis J, Gennadiou D, Derwisis D, Sidiras T: [Volume reduction of tonsil hyperplasia in childhood with a surgical ultrasound device]. Laryngorhinootologie; 2007 Mar;86(3):177-83
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  • [Title] [Volume reduction of tonsil hyperplasia in childhood with a surgical ultrasound device].
  • BACKGROUND: We present the results of a prospective study concerning the use of a surgical-ultrasound device (use of ultrasound mechanical vibrations in the tonsil tissue with denaturizing effect on collagen and proteins for tonsil ablation, coablation) for the therapy of non-infectious tonsillar hyperplasia resulting in upper airway obstruction in childhood.
  • The intervention did not include tissue excision, but the denaturation of hyperplastic tonsil tissue.
  • Intra- and postoperative bleeding, pain (by visual analog scale), tonsil-to-tonsil diameter and swallowing difficulties were under consideration.
  • A reduction of tonsil's size was visible since the first post treatment week with the final results occurring after 3-6 months.
  • [MeSH-major] Palatine Tonsil / pathology. Palatine Tonsil / surgery. Sleep Apnea, Obstructive / therapy. Ultrasonic Therapy / methods

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  • (PMID = 17131259.001).
  • [ISSN] 0935-8943
  • [Journal-full-title] Laryngo- rhino- otologie
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Laryngorhinootologie
  • [Language] ger
  • [Publication-type] Comparative Study; English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Germany
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59. Kondo Y, Mori-Yoshimura M, Hayashi YK, Oya Y, Satoh N, Nishino I, Murata M: [Limb-girdle muscular dystrophy type 2M with adult-onset loss of ambulation. A case report]. Rinsho Shinkeigaku; 2010 Sep;50(9):661-5
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  • Muscle biopsy at age 29 revealed dystrophic changes with loss of immunoreactivity to alpha-dystroglycan (alpha-DG), which prompted us to analyze FKTN and subsequent establishment of the diagnosis of LGMD2M.
  • Brain MRI revealed hypoplasia of the right cerebellar hemisphere and tonsil.
  • The precise diagnosis should be established early in patients with muscular dystrophy complicated with cardiomyopathy.


60. Brown RE, Zhang PL, Lun M, Zhu S, Pellitteri PK, Riefkohl W, Law A, Wood GC, Kennedy TL: Morphoproteomic and pharmacoproteomic rationale for mTOR effectors as therapeutic targets in head and neck squamous cell carcinoma. Ann Clin Lab Sci; 2006;36(3):273-82
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  • Recently, we showed that overexpression of phosphorylated (p) nuclear factor-kappaB (NF-kappaB) in squamous cell carcinoma of the tonsil (SCCT) and high grade dysplasia is associated with a poor prognosis.
  • Results for SCCT were compared with adjacent non-neoplastic epithelium, when present, and with normal tonsillar epithelium from approximately age-matched controls; clinical outcomes were also assessed.
  • The mean combined expression score (signal intensity x percentage of positive cells) for p-p70S6K was significantly greater in the SCCT group vs adjacent non-neoplastic squamous epithelium and normal tonsillar epithelium of the control group (p <0.05).
  • [MeSH-major] Cyclin D1 / metabolism. Neoplasms, Squamous Cell / metabolism. Protein Kinases / metabolism. Tonsillar Neoplasms / metabolism
  • [MeSH-minor] Antineoplastic Agents / therapeutic use. Cell Line, Tumor. Humans. Immunohistochemistry. Ribosomal Protein S6 Kinases, 70-kDa / chemistry. Ribosomal Protein S6 Kinases, 70-kDa / metabolism. Signal Transduction / drug effects. Sirolimus / therapeutic use. TOR Serine-Threonine Kinases


61. Pazdrowski J, Piotr P, Kordylewska M, Wegner A, Golusiński P, Golusiński W: Value of intraoperative ultrasonography in tonsil cancer. Rep Pract Oncol Radiother; 2010;15(3):60-3
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  • [Title] Value of intraoperative ultrasonography in tonsil cancer.
  • BACKGROUND: The exact assessment of a tonsil carcinoma's size is often difficult because of the tumour's submucosal extension and deep infiltration.
  • AIM: The aim of the study is to assess the usefulness of intraoperative ultrasonography in tonsil cancer.
  • MATERIAL: Twenty patients with carcinoma of the tonsil were included in the study (squamous cell carcinoma keratosis - 12, squamous cell carcinoma akeratosis - 6, diffuse large B cell lymphoma - 1, neoplasma malignum microcellulare - 1).
  • RESULTS: The difference in the results was statistically significant between palpation examination and intraoperative ultrasonographic examination, between transcutaneous ultrasonographic examination and intraoperative ultrasonographic examination, and between endoscopic ultrasonographic examination and intraoperative ultrasonographic examination in tonsil tumours.
  • Generally, tumour size assessed by intraoperative ultrasonography was more advanced than those assessed by other methods.
  • Intraoperative ultrasonography provides a quick and reliable orientation during resection of tonsil carcinoma.

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  • (PMID = 24376925.001).
  • [ISSN] 1507-1367
  • [Journal-full-title] Reports of practical oncology and radiotherapy : journal of Greatpoland Cancer Center in Poznań and Polish Society of Radiation Oncology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Rep Pract Oncol Radiother
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Netherlands
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC3863279
  • [Keywords] NOTNLM ; Intraoperative ultrasonography (USG) / Tonsil carcinoma
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62. Takami S, Goryo M, Masegi T, Okada K: Systemic spindle-cell proliferative disease in broiler chickens. J Vet Med Sci; 2005 Jan;67(1):13-8
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  • Macroscopically, liver, spleen and cecal tonsil showed severe enlargement and white nodules or plaques were observed in the liver, spleen, kidney, intestine and bone marrow of the femur.
  • The lesions of SPD were observed in the liver, spleen, kidney, heart, lung, pancreas, proventriculus, gizzard, duodenum, jejunum, ileum, rectum, cecal tonsil, bursa of Fabricius, bone marrow of the femur and skin.
  • One inoculated bird, necropsied at 10 weeks of age, macroscopically had a white nodule in the kidney and histopathologically had spindle-cell proliferative lesions, a pattern similar to that seen in the naturally occurring cases, in the liver, spleen, kidney, heart, lung, pancreas, proventriculus, duodenum, cecal tonsil and bone marrow of the femur, and was diagnosed with SPD.
  • Immunohistochemically, significant positive reactions with a rabbit antiserum against avian leukosis virus antigens were detected in all spindle cells in the proliferative lesions of all examined SPD cases and in tumor cells of the hemangioma of a field case.

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  • (PMID = 15699588.001).
  • [ISSN] 0916-7250
  • [Journal-full-title] The Journal of veterinary medical science
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Vet. Med. Sci.
  • [Language] ENG
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Japan
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63. Bauer MP, Brouwer PA, Smit VT, Tamsma JT: The challenges of extrapulmonary presentations of sarcoidosis: A case report and review of diagnostic strategies. Eur J Intern Med; 2007 Mar;18(2):152-4
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  • Using a non-invasive approach, we were able to narrow the differential diagnosis down to a systemic lymphoproliferative or granulomatous disease, most likely sarcoidosis.
  • This diagnosis was eventually confirmed by a biopsy of an enlarged tonsil.
  • To our knowledge, tonsil biopsies have not been reported to be of help in the diagnostic strategy for systemic sarcoidosis.

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  • (PMID = 17338971.001).
  • [ISSN] 0953-6205
  • [Journal-full-title] European journal of internal medicine
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Eur. J. Intern. Med.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Netherlands
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64. Carranza-Martínez MI, Valdés-Croda O, Jaspersen-Gastelum V, Chavolla-Magaña R, Villaseñor-Sierra A: [Deficient identification of signs and symptoms in Streptoccoci amigdalitis]. Rev Med Inst Mex Seguro Soc; 2006 Nov-Dec;44(6):529-34
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  • [Transliterated title] Identificación de signos y síntomas pivote en amigdalitis estreptocócica.
  • Regarding the conceptual identification of main signs and symptoms, tonsil exudates were recognized by 33 to 61% of physicians, and a clinical case of streptococcal tonsillitis was recognized by 50 to 70%.
  • A clinical picture of tonsil caseum was misinterpreted as streptococcal tonsillitis by 13 to 35% of the physicians.
  • [MeSH-major] Pharyngitis / diagnosis. Streptococcal Infections / diagnosis

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  • (PMID = 17346454.001).
  • [ISSN] 0443-5117
  • [Journal-full-title] Revista médica del Instituto Mexicano del Seguro Social
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Rev Med Inst Mex Seguro Soc
  • [Language] spa
  • [Publication-type] Comparative Study; English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Mexico
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65. Hobbs CG, Rees LE, Heyderman RS, Birchall MA, Bailey M: Major histocompatibility complex class I expression in human tonsillar and laryngeal epithelium. Clin Exp Immunol; 2006 Aug;145(2):365-71
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  • [Title] Major histocompatibility complex class I expression in human tonsillar and laryngeal epithelium.
  • We have shown previously that tonsillar and laryngeal epithelium express major histocompatibility complex (MHC) class II locus products, but that expression of human leucocyte antigen (HLA)-DQ is reduced compared to HLA-DR.
  • To determine whether the peptide repertoire presented by MHC class I loci varies in stratified squamous epithelium, laryngeal and tonsillar biopsies were taken from 19 otherwise healthy patients (M : F 6 : 13, 16-64 years).
  • Quantitative immunofluorescence microscopy, using antibodies to MHC class I alpha-chain (pan-locus specific, HLA-A, HLA-B + C) and beta(2)-microglobulin, showed lower expression of the alpha-chain in laryngeal and tonsillar epithelium than in either lamina propria (tonsil 73% versus 89%, P < 0.0001; larynx 68% versus 85%, P < 0.005).
  • In paired squamous epithelia from the two sites, alpha-chain expression was significantly higher in the tonsil compared to the larynx (79% versus 62%, P < 0.05).
  • This may affect immunosurveillance directed at viral and tumour-related epitopes in the upper airway.
  • [MeSH-major] Histocompatibility Antigens Class I / analysis. Larynx / immunology. Palatine Tonsil / immunology

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  • (PMID = 16879258.001).
  • [ISSN] 0009-9104
  • [Journal-full-title] Clinical and experimental immunology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Clin. Exp. Immunol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Multicenter Study; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Epitopes; 0 / Histocompatibility Antigens Class I
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC1809683
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66. Darce JR, Arendt BK, Wu X, Jelinek DF: Regulated expression of BAFF-binding receptors during human B cell differentiation. J Immunol; 2007 Dec 1;179(11):7276-86
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  • In contrast, only tonsillar memory B cells (MB) and PCs, from both tonsil and bone marrow tissues, express BCMA.

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  • (PMID = 18025170.001).
  • [ISSN] 0022-1767
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of immunology (Baltimore, Md. : 1950)
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Immunol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Grant] United States / NIAID NIH HHS / AI / AI061838; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / CA062242; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / CA105258
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / 2-(2-amino-3-methoxyphenyl)-4H-1-benzopyran-4-one; 0 / B-Cell Activation Factor Receptor; 0 / B-Cell Maturation Antigen; 0 / Butadienes; 0 / Flavonoids; 0 / Nitriles; 0 / TNFRSF13B protein, human; 0 / TNFRSF13C protein, human; 0 / Transmembrane Activator and CAML Interactor Protein; 0 / U 0126; EC 2.7.11.24 / Mitogen-Activated Protein Kinase 1; EC 2.7.11.24 / Mitogen-Activated Protein Kinase 3
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67. Hislop AD, Kuo M, Drake-Lee AB, Akbar AN, Bergler W, Hammerschmitt N, Khan N, Palendira U, Leese AM, Timms JM, Bell AI, Buckley CD, Rickinson AB: Tonsillar homing of Epstein-Barr virus-specific CD8+ T cells and the virus-host balance. J Clin Invest; 2005 Sep;115(9):2546-55
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  • [Title] Tonsillar homing of Epstein-Barr virus-specific CD8+ T cells and the virus-host balance.
  • While latent infection of the B cell pool is quickly controlled, virus shedding from lytically infected cells in the oropharynx remains high for several months.
  • We therefore studied how responses localize to the tonsil, a major target site for EBV, during primary infection and persistence.
  • In acute IM, EBV-specific effectors were poorly represented among CD8+ T cells in tonsil compared with blood, coincident with absence of the CCR7 lymphoid homing marker on these highly activated cells.
  • In patients who had recently recovered from IM, latent epitope reactivities were quicker than lytic reactivities both to acquire CCR7 and to accumulate in the tonsil, with some of these cells now expressing the CD103 integrin, which mediates retention at mucosal sites.
  • By contrast, in long-term virus carriers in whom both lytic and latent infections had been controlled, there was 2- to 5-fold enrichment of lytic epitope reactivities and 10- to 20-fold enrichment of latent epitope reactivities in tonsil compared with blood; up to 20% of tonsillar CD8+ T cells were EBV specific, and many now expressed CD103.
  • [MeSH-major] CD8-Positive T-Lymphocytes / immunology. Herpesvirus 4, Human / metabolism. Infectious Mononucleosis / immunology. Palatine Tonsil / immunology. Palatine Tonsil / virology

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  • (PMID = 16110323.001).
  • [ISSN] 0021-9738
  • [Journal-full-title] The Journal of clinical investigation
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Clin. Invest.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Grant] United Kingdom / Medical Research Council / / G9901249
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Antigens, CD; 0 / CCR7 protein, human; 0 / Receptors, CCR7; 0 / Receptors, Chemokine
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC1187932
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68. Ng SK, Lee DL, Li AM, Wing YK, Tong MC: Reproducibility of clinical grading of tonsillar size. Arch Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg; 2010 Feb;136(2):159-62
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  • [Title] Reproducibility of clinical grading of tonsillar size.
  • DESIGN: Retrospective review of 60 video recordings of tonsil examination by 12 independent observers with different clinical backgrounds and various levels of training.
  • PARTICIPANTS: The video recordings were chosen from an ongoing epidemiologic study of sleep-related breathing disorder in children in Hong Kong.
  • [MeSH-major] Palatine Tonsil / pathology. Pharyngeal Diseases / classification. Sleep Apnea, Obstructive / pathology

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  • (PMID = 20157062.001).
  • [ISSN] 1538-361X
  • [Journal-full-title] Archives of otolaryngology--head & neck surgery
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Arch. Otolaryngol. Head Neck Surg.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] United States
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69. Sibila M, Nofrarías M, López-Soria S, Segalés J, Valero O, Espinal A, Calsamiglia M: Chronological study of Mycoplasma hyopneumoniae infection, seroconversion and associated lung lesions in vaccinated and non-vaccinated pigs. Vet Microbiol; 2007 May 16;122(1-2):97-107
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  • Nasal, bronchial and tonsillar swabs were taken from the necropsied/slaughtered pigs; gross and microscopic EP-suggestive lung lesions were also assessed.
  • At slaughter, double vaccinated pigs showed lower percentage of EP-compatible gross lung lesions and lower Mh prevalence at upper respiratory tract sites (nasal cavity and tonsil) than control pigs.

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  • (PMID = 17303351.001).
  • [ISSN] 0378-1135
  • [Journal-full-title] Veterinary microbiology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Vet. Microbiol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Randomized Controlled Trial
  • [Publication-country] Netherlands
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Bacterial Vaccines
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70. Heimdal JH, Nygaard SJ, Olofsson J: [A four-year-old boy with swollen cheek after a fall]. Tidsskr Nor Laegeforen; 2005 Sep 8;125(17):2368-9
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  • The eight and a half centimetre long wooden stick had penetrated from the cartilaginous part of the left external auditory meatus to the right palatal tonsil.
  • [MeSH-minor] Child, Preschool. Edema / diagnosis. Edema / etiology. Foreign-Body Reaction / diagnosis. Foreign-Body Reaction / radiography. Foreign-Body Reaction / surgery. Humans. Male. Tomography, X-Ray Computed. Wood

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  • [CommentIn] Tidsskr Nor Laegeforen. 2005 Sep 8;125(17):2369 [16163814.001]
  • (PMID = 16163811.001).
  • [ISSN] 0807-7096
  • [Journal-full-title] Tidsskrift for den Norske lægeforening : tidsskrift for praktisk medicin, ny række
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Tidsskr. Nor. Laegeforen.
  • [Language] nor
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Norway
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71. Blumer JL, Reed MD, Kaplan EL, Drusano GL: Explaining the poor bacteriologic eradication rate of single-dose ceftriaxone in group a streptococcal tonsillopharyngitis: a reverse engineering solution using pharmacodynamic modeling. Pediatrics; 2005 Oct;116(4):927-32
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  • METHODS: Population modeling techniques were applied to pharmacokinetic data derived from paired plasma and tonsil samples from 153 children to assess the contribution of pharmacokinetic variability to patients' responses to ceftriaxone.
  • Tonsillar ceftriaxone protein binding was 89.1%.
  • CONCLUSIONS: Pharmacokinetic variability and high ceftriaxone tonsillar protein binding explain the high microbiologic failure rate for a single 500-mg dose of ceftriaxone in group A streptococcal tonsillopharyngitis.
  • [MeSH-minor] Child. Child, Preschool. Drug Administration Schedule. Female. Humans. Injections, Intramuscular. Male. Microbial Sensitivity Tests. Models, Biological. Monte Carlo Method. Palatine Tonsil / metabolism. Protein Binding

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  • (PMID = 16199703.001).
  • [ISSN] 1098-4275
  • [Journal-full-title] Pediatrics
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Pediatrics
  • [Language] eng
  • [Grant] United States / NICHD NIH HHS / HD / HD31323-12
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Anti-Bacterial Agents; 75J73V1629 / Ceftriaxone
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72. Yamamoto R, Hosokawa S, Yamatodani T, Morita S, Okamura J, Mineta H: [Eight cases of neuroendcrine carcinoma of the head and neck]. Nihon Jibiinkoka Gakkai Kaiho; 2008 Jul;111(7):517-22
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  • Small cell neuroendocrine carcinoma of the head and neck is rare, and diagnosis may be difficult.
  • Three cases arose from the maxillary sinus, two from the ethmoid sinus, one from the parotid gland, one from the tonsil, and one from the larynx.
  • Histological analysis by hematoxylin-eosin staining tentatively revealed malignant lymphoma and undifferentiated carcinoma in two cases each, while immunohistological and/or electron microscopy analysis confirmed histological diagnosis.
  • [MeSH-minor] Aged. Aged, 80 and over. Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols / administration & dosage. Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols / therapeutic use. Biomarkers, Tumor / analysis. Cisplatin / administration & dosage. Combined Modality Therapy. Diagnosis, Differential. Epirubicin / administration & dosage. Humans. Immunohistochemistry. Magnetic Resonance Imaging. Male. Middle Aged. Neoplasm Staging. Prognosis. Radiotherapy

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  • (PMID = 18697475.001).
  • [ISSN] 0030-6622
  • [Journal-full-title] Nihon Jibiinkoka Gakkai kaiho
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Nippon Jibiinkoka Gakkai Kaiho
  • [Language] jpn
  • [Publication-type] English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Japan
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Biomarkers, Tumor; 3Z8479ZZ5X / Epirubicin; Q20Q21Q62J / Cisplatin; PE regimen
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73. Monleón E, Monzón M, Hortells P, Bolea R, Acín C, Vargas F, Badiola JJ: Approaches to Scrapie diagnosis by applying immunohistochemistry and rapid tests on central nervous and lymphoreticular systems. J Virol Methods; 2005 May;125(2):165-71
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  • [Title] Approaches to Scrapie diagnosis by applying immunohistochemistry and rapid tests on central nervous and lymphoreticular systems.
  • Tonsil, retropharyngeal lymph node and medulla oblongata were assessed by three tests: immunohistochemistry (confirmatory test), WB and LIA (rapid tests).
  • The choice of these tissues for routine diagnosis is, therefore, proposed as a valuable tool to highly reduce the number of undetected positive cases.
  • [MeSH-major] Blotting, Western / veterinary. Central Nervous System / chemistry. Encephalopathy, Bovine Spongiform / diagnosis. PrPSc Proteins / analysis. Scrapie

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  • (PMID = 15794986.001).
  • [ISSN] 0166-0934
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of virological methods
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Virol. Methods
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] Netherlands
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / PrPSc Proteins
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74. Ericsson E, Hultcrantz E: Tonsil surgery in youths: good results with a less invasive method. Laryngoscope; 2007 Apr;117(4):654-61
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  • [Title] Tonsil surgery in youths: good results with a less invasive method.
  • OBJECTIVE: Comparison of two types of tonsil surgery for 16- to 25-year-old patients, with respect to primary morbidity, snoring, and recurrent infections after 1 year.
  • Teenagers and young adults are a significant proportion (26%) of the population that receive tonsil surgery each year and appear to suffer more pain than younger children.
  • CONCLUSION: TT with RF is an effective method for tonsil surgery for many teenagers and young adults, with much less postoperative morbidity than regular TE.
  • [MeSH-minor] Adenoidectomy. Adolescent. Adult. Female. Humans. Male. Pain / diagnosis. Pain / epidemiology. Pain / etiology. Pain Threshold. Palatine Tonsil / pathology. Palatine Tonsil / surgery. Postoperative Complications. Postoperative Hemorrhage / epidemiology. Radiosurgery / instrumentation. Severity of Illness Index. Snoring / diagnosis. Snoring / epidemiology. Weight Loss

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  • (PMID = 17415136.001).
  • [ISSN] 0023-852X
  • [Journal-full-title] The Laryngoscope
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Laryngoscope
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Randomized Controlled Trial; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] United States
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75. Henry C, Deschamps M, Rohrlich PS, Pallandre JR, Rémy-Martin JP, Callanan M, Traverse-Glehen A, GrandClément C, Garnache-Ottou F, Gressin R, Deconinck E, Salles G, Robinet E, Tiberghien P, Borg C, Ferrand C: Identification of an alternative CD20 transcript variant in B-cell malignancies coding for a novel protein associated to rituximab resistance. Blood; 2010 Mar 25;115(12):2420-9
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  • We established here that this novel, alternatively spliced CD20 transcript is expressed and detectable at various levels in leukemic B cells, lymphoma B cells, in vivo tonsil- or in vitro CD40L-activated B cells, and Epstein-Barr virus (EBV)-transformed B cells, but not in resting CD19(+)- or CD20(+)-sorted B cells from peripheral blood or bone marrow of healthy donors.
  • [MeSH-major] Antibodies, Monoclonal / therapeutic use. Antineoplastic Agents / therapeutic use. Biomarkers, Tumor / genetics. Drug Resistance, Neoplasm / genetics. Leukemia, B-Cell / drug therapy. Membrane Proteins / genetics
  • [MeSH-minor] Alternative Splicing / physiology. Antibodies, Monoclonal, Murine-Derived. B-Lymphocytes / cytology. B-Lymphocytes / physiology. Blotting, Western. Cell Compartmentation. Cell Line, Transformed. Cell Line, Tumor. Humans. Mutagenesis, Site-Directed. Neoplasm, Residual / genetics. Neoplasm, Residual / pathology. Palatine Tonsil / cytology. RNA, Messenger / genetics. Rituximab

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  • (PMID = 20089966.001).
  • [ISSN] 1528-0020
  • [Journal-full-title] Blood
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Blood
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Antibodies, Monoclonal; 0 / Antibodies, Monoclonal, Murine-Derived; 0 / Antineoplastic Agents; 0 / Biomarkers, Tumor; 0 / MS4A4A protein, human; 0 / Membrane Proteins; 0 / RNA, Messenger; 4F4X42SYQ6 / Rituximab
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76. Hatoum GF, Patton B, Takita C, Abdel-Wahab M, LaFave K, Weed D, Reis IM: Small cell carcinoma of the head and neck: the university of Miami experience. Int J Radiat Oncol Biol Phys; 2009 Jun 1;74(2):477-81
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  • The patients with tonsil/parotid gland cancer had significantly greater disease-specific survival compared with the other patients.
  • The median survival time was 30 months in the tonsil/parotid group compared with 15.2 months in the other group (patients with small cell carcinoma of the sinonasal cavity, nasopharynx, and larynx).
  • Patients with tonsillar or parotid small cell carcinomas did better than other sites.
  • [MeSH-minor] Aged. Aged, 80 and over. Combined Modality Therapy / methods. Disease-Free Survival. Female. Florida. Humans. Laryngeal Neoplasms / drug therapy. Laryngeal Neoplasms / mortality. Laryngeal Neoplasms / radiotherapy. Male. Middle Aged. Nasopharyngeal Neoplasms / drug therapy. Nasopharyngeal Neoplasms / mortality. Nasopharyngeal Neoplasms / radiotherapy. Nose Neoplasms / drug therapy. Nose Neoplasms / mortality. Nose Neoplasms / radiotherapy. Parotid Neoplasms / drug therapy. Parotid Neoplasms / mortality. Parotid Neoplasms / radiotherapy. Retrospective Studies. Tonsillar Neoplasms / drug therapy. Tonsillar Neoplasms / mortality. Tonsillar Neoplasms / radiotherapy. Universities

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  • (PMID = 19004574.001).
  • [ISSN] 1879-355X
  • [Journal-full-title] International journal of radiation oncology, biology, physics
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Int. J. Radiat. Oncol. Biol. Phys.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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77. Bäck L, Tervahartiala P, Piilonen A, Mäkitie A, Ylikoski J: Assessment of submucosal radiofrequency tonsil reduction by magnetic resonance imaging. J Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg; 2009 Oct;38(5):537-44
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  • [Title] Assessment of submucosal radiofrequency tonsil reduction by magnetic resonance imaging.
  • OBJECTIVES: The primary objective was to assess the efficacy of submucosal radiofrequency tonsil reduction (SRFTR) in adults by magnetic resonance imaging (MRI).
  • METHODS: A prospective, longitudinal clinical study with a follow-up time of 12 months was conducted of 10 consecutive patients with the median age of 24.5 years (range 19-55 years) with obstructive palatine tonsil hypertrophy.
  • MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: The change in tonsillar volume after SRFTR was evaluated with MRI by two radiologists independently and blinded to the treatment results.
  • RESULTS: The tonsil volume reduced significantly with a median reduction in the total tonsil volume of 12.6% (range 3.7-41.5%, pretreatment vs posttreatment volume, p < .01).
  • CONCLUSION: SRFTR in adults with obstructive palatine tonsil hypertrophy is a minimally invasive procedure causing a tonsil volume reduction demonstrated by MRI.
  • [MeSH-major] Catheter Ablation. Magnetic Resonance Imaging. Palatine Tonsil / pathology. Tonsillectomy / methods

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  • (PMID = 19769823.001).
  • [ISSN] 1916-0216
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of otolaryngology - head & neck surgery = Le Journal d'oto-rhino-laryngologie et de chirurgie cervico-faciale
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Clinical Trial; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] Canada
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78. Schwaab M, Gurr A, Hansen S, Minovi AM, Thomas JP, Sudhoff H, Dazert S: Human beta-Defensins in different states of diseases of the tonsilla palatina. Eur Arch Otorhinolaryngol; 2010 May;267(5):821-30
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Human beta-Defensins in different states of diseases of the tonsilla palatina.
  • Although diseases of the tonsils like hypertrophy of the tonsil, acute tonsillitis, chronic tonsillitis or peritonsillar abscess are common, little is known about the underlying pathophysiology.
  • The objective of the study was to determine the concentrations for hBD1-3 in different states of diseases of the tonsilla palatina.
  • After tonsillectomy and tissue fixation in formalin, total proteins were isolated from 38 samples (11 hypertrophy of the tonsil, 8 acute tonsillitis, 11 chronic tonsillitis, 8 peritonsillar abscesses).
  • We could verify a significant difference for the mean hBD1 score of the acute tonsillitis in comparison to the hyperplastic tonsil, the chronic tonsillitis, and the peritonsillar abscess.
  • We conclude that in the hyperplastic tonsilla palatina hBD1-3 play an important role.
  • During a tonsillitis, the hBD1 concentration is lower than in the non-acute infected tonsil because hBD1 is being consumed for fighting the bacterial infection.
  • But, the existence of hBD1-3 in the tonsil cannot prevent the tonsillitis to become chronic.
  • [MeSH-major] Palatine Tonsil / metabolism. Tonsillitis. beta-Defensins

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  • (PMID = 19727784.001).
  • [ISSN] 1434-4726
  • [Journal-full-title] European archives of oto-rhino-laryngology : official journal of the European Federation of Oto-Rhino-Laryngological Societies (EUFOS) : affiliated with the German Society for Oto-Rhino-Laryngology - Head and Neck Surgery
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Eur Arch Otorhinolaryngol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] Germany
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / DEFB4A protein, human; 0 / beta-Defensins; 0 / beta-defensin 3, human
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79. Vuckovic S, Khalil D, Angel N, Jahnsen F, Hamilton I, Boyce A, Hock B, Hart DN: The CMRF58 antibody recognizes a subset of CD123hi dendritic cells in allergen-challenged mucosa. J Leukoc Biol; 2005 Mar;77(3):344-51
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  • CD123(hi)CMRF58(+) DC, phenotypically similar to in vitro cytokine-maintained CD123(hi) DC, were not detected in tonsil but are present in allergen-challenged nasal mucosa of allergic individuals.
  • [MeSH-minor] Antigens, CD11c / analysis. Cell Differentiation / immunology. Cell Line. Cells, Cultured. Cytokines / immunology. Flow Cytometry / methods. Humans. Immunologic Tests. Immunophenotyping. Interleukin-3 Receptor alpha Subunit. Leukocytes / immunology. Palatine Tonsil / immunology

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  • (PMID = 15569693.001).
  • [ISSN] 0741-5400
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of leukocyte biology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Leukoc. Biol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Allergens; 0 / Antibodies, Monoclonal; 0 / Antigens, CD11c; 0 / Cytokines; 0 / IL3RA protein, human; 0 / Interleukin-3 Receptor alpha Subunit; 0 / Receptors, Interleukin-3
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80. Uddin Naqvi SN, Raza SN, Azeem QA, Raahat ZM, Iqbal J, Javed A: Branchial fistula: a rare presentation. J Coll Physicians Surg Pak; 2008 Dec;18(12):774-5
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  • We present a case of true branchial fistula with external opening on the lateral side of neck and internal opening near the lower pole of tonsil.

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  • (PMID = 19032893.001).
  • [ISSN] 1022-386X
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of the College of Physicians and Surgeons--Pakistan : JCPSP
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Coll Physicians Surg Pak
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Pakistan
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81. Zagólski O, Gajda M: [An attempt to evaluate the reliability of coagulation tests in postoperative haemorrhages in patients operated for tonsil disorders]. Przegl Lek; 2009;66(3):119-21
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  • [Title] [An attempt to evaluate the reliability of coagulation tests in postoperative haemorrhages in patients operated for tonsil disorders].
  • [MeSH-major] Blood Coagulation Tests. Postoperative Hemorrhage / diagnosis

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  • (PMID = 19689034.001).
  • [ISSN] 0033-2240
  • [Journal-full-title] Przegla̧d lekarski
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Prz. Lek.
  • [Language] pol
  • [Publication-type] English Abstract; Evaluation Studies; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Poland
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82. Spraker TR, Gidlewski TL, Balachandran A, VerCauteren KC, Creekmore L, Munger RD: Detection of PrP(CWD) in postmortem rectal lymphoid tissues in Rocky Mountain elk (Cervus elaphus nelsoni) infected with chronic wasting disease. J Vet Diagn Invest; 2006 Nov;18(6):553-7
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  • Preclinical diagnostic tests for transmissible spongiform encephalopathies have been described for mule deer (Odocoileus hemionus), using biopsy tissues of palatine tonsil, and for sheep, using lymphoid tissues from palatine tonsil, third eyelid, and rectal mucosa.
  • The results of the postmortem rectal mucosal sections were compared to immunohistochemical staining of the brainstem, retropharyngeal lymph nodes, and palatine tonsil.
  • Seven elk were found positive using the brainstem (dorsal motor nucleus of the vagus nerve), retropharyngeal lymph nodes, and palatine tonsil.
  • [MeSH-major] Deer. Lymphoid Tissue / chemistry. Prions / analysis. Rectum / chemistry. Wasting Disease, Chronic / diagnosis
  • [MeSH-minor] Animals. Autopsy / veterinary. Female. Immunohistochemistry / veterinary. Intestinal Mucosa / chemistry. Lymph Nodes / chemistry. Male. Palatine Tonsil / chemistry. Pharynx. PrPSc Proteins / analysis. Vagus Nerve / chemistry

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  • (PMID = 17121082.001).
  • [ISSN] 1040-6387
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of veterinary diagnostic investigation : official publication of the American Association of Veterinary Laboratory Diagnosticians, Inc
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Vet. Diagn. Invest.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Comparative Study; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / PrPSc Proteins; 0 / Prions
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83. Min M, Ma C, Zhan Y, Xu J, Sun H: [Setup a model for study the interfere between chemokine and immunocyte]. Lin Chuang Er Bi Yan Hou Ke Za Zhi; 2006 Jun;20(12):531-3, 537
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  • METHOD: PTC were transfected with Epstein Barr virus, to get tonsil B lymphoblastic cell line(TB-LCL).
  • [MeSH-major] B-Lymphocytes / immunology. Chemotaxis. Palatine Tonsil / immunology. Recombinant Proteins / immunology. Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha / immunology

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  • (PMID = 16941959.001).
  • [Journal-full-title] Lin chuang er bi yan hou ke za zhi = Journal of clinical otorhinolaryngology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Lin Chuang Er Bi Yan Hou Ke Za Zhi
  • [Language] chi
  • [Publication-type] English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] China
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Recombinant Proteins; 0 / Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha
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84. MacKinnon KM, He H, Nerren JR, Swaggerty CL, Genovese KJ, Kogut MH: Expression profile of toll-like receptors within the gastrointestinal tract of 2-day-old Salmonella enteriditis-infected broiler chickens. Vet Microbiol; 2009 Jun 12;137(3-4):313-9
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  • Therefore, we assessed these changes using real-time qRT-PCR to measure expression of TLR 1LA, 2A, 2B, 3, 4, 5, 7, 15, and 21 in the duodenum, jejunum, ileum, cecal tonsil, ceca, and large intestine of uninfected and SE-infected 2-day-old broiler chickens.
  • All TLRs had measurable expression within the duodenum, jejunum, ileum, cecal tonsil, ceca, and large intestine.

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  • (PMID = 19201111.001).
  • [ISSN] 1873-2542
  • [Journal-full-title] Veterinary microbiology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Vet. Microbiol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Netherlands
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / RNA, Messenger; 0 / Toll-Like Receptors
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85. Saito H, Matsumoto K, Okumura S, Kashiwakura J, Oboki K, Yokoi H, Kambe N, Ohta K, Okayama Y: Gene expression profiling of human mast cell subtypes: an in silico study. Allergol Int; 2006 Jun;55(2):173-9
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  • In the original works, MCs from tonsil, lung and skin had been cultured for more than several weeks to obtain highly viable and pure cell populations, and these MCs retained their typical profiles such as intensities of chymase protein expression.
  • However, tonsil-derived MCs and skin-derived MCs but not lung-derived MCs expressed high levels of chymase (CMA1) as expected for the properties of MC(TC) and MC(T).
  • CONCLUSIONS: The MC lineage seems to be far from the granulocyte lineages including basophils.

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  • (PMID = 17075254.001).
  • [ISSN] 1323-8930
  • [Journal-full-title] Allergology international : official journal of the Japanese Society of Allergology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Allergol Int
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] Australia
  • [Chemical-registry-number] EC 3.4.21.39 / Chymases
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91. Jamin A, Gorin S, Cariolet R, Le Potier MF, Kuntz-Simon G: Classical swine fever virus induces activation of plasmacytoid and conventional dendritic cells in tonsil, blood, and spleen of infected pigs. Vet Res; 2008 Jan-Feb;39(1):7
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  • [Title] Classical swine fever virus induces activation of plasmacytoid and conventional dendritic cells in tonsil, blood, and spleen of infected pigs.
  • Both subsets matured and were activated after infection, as demonstrated by down-regulation of CD1a, up-regulation of the co-stimulation molecule CD80/86 and expression of cytokines. cDC essentially expressed tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-alpha) and interleukin (IL)-10, whereas pDC produced alpha interferon (IFN-alpha) and IL-12.
  • Detection of antigen activated B lymphocytes in tonsil T-cell areas at 72 h pi, subsequently to the transient translocation of the viral E2 protein within germinal centres at 48 h pi, indicates the initiation of humoral response.
  • [MeSH-minor] Animals. Antibody Formation. Antigens, CD / immunology. Cells, Cultured. Female. Gene Expression Regulation, Viral. Immunity, Cellular. Male. Organ Specificity. Palatine Tonsil / virology. Specific Pathogen-Free Organisms. Spleen / virology. Swine. Viremia / veterinary


92. Schrock A, Jakob M, Send T, Heukamp L, Bucheler M, Bootz F: [Histology after tonsillectomy?]. HNO; 2009 Apr;57(4):351-7
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  • A meta-analysis of PubMed literature regarding the histological results of tonsil specimens was performed.
  • The incidence of clinically occult tonsil malignancy was recorded and potential risk factors for malignancy were analyzed.
  • RESULTS: Clinically occult tonsil malignancies were detected in 2 out of the 1,523 patients (0.13%) in this study.
  • In the meta-analysis of 24 studies (61,550 patients) 6 cases of clinically occult tonsil malignancies (0.01%) were identified.
  • DISCUSSION: Considering economical aspects we recommend that histological examination should be performed when the following risk factors are present: a history of cancer, tonsil firmness or lesions, tonsillar asymmetry, swelling of neck lymph nodes, constitutional symptoms, anamnestic unilateral symptoms and prior peritonsillar abscess.
  • [MeSH-major] Biopsy / statistics & numerical data. Palatine Tonsil / pathology. Tonsillar Neoplasms / epidemiology. Tonsillar Neoplasms / pathology. Tonsillectomy / statistics & numerical data

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  • (PMID = 19319497.001).
  • [ISSN] 1433-0458
  • [Journal-full-title] HNO
  • [ISO-abbreviation] HNO
  • [Language] ger
  • [Publication-type] English Abstract; Journal Article; Meta-Analysis
  • [Publication-country] Germany
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93. Mowry SE, Ament M, Shapiro NL: Lingual tonsil hypertrophy causing severe dysphagia: treatment with plasma-mediated radiofrequency-based ablation (Coblation). Ear Nose Throat J; 2010 Mar;89(3):134-6
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  • [Title] Lingual tonsil hypertrophy causing severe dysphagia: treatment with plasma-mediated radiofrequency-based ablation (Coblation).
  • Lingual tonsil hypertrophy is an uncommon cause of upper aerodigestive tract pathology.
  • We present the case of a 17-year-old boy who developed severe dysphagia and subsequent weight loss as a result of lingual tonsil hypertrophy.
  • In the past, traditional surgical procedures for lingual tonsil hypertrophy were difficult to perform and recovery was difficult, but the introduction of Coblation has made lingual tonsillectomy much easier.
  • [MeSH-major] Ablation Techniques. Deglutition Disorders / etiology. Laser Therapy / instrumentation. Palatine Tonsil / pathology. Palatine Tonsil / surgery

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  • (PMID = 20229480.001).
  • [ISSN] 1942-7522
  • [Journal-full-title] Ear, nose, & throat journal
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Ear Nose Throat J
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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94. Freedman RA, Wirth LJ, Chirieac LR, Huang EC: Glioblastoma in a patient with early-stage tonsil cancer. J Clin Oncol; 2007 Jul 1;25(19):2848-50
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  • [Title] Glioblastoma in a patient with early-stage tonsil cancer.
  • [MeSH-major] Brain Neoplasms / complications. Glioblastoma / complications. Tonsillar Neoplasms / complications
  • [MeSH-minor] Humans. Magnetic Resonance Imaging. Male. Middle Aged. Mitosis. Neoplasm Metastasis

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  • (PMID = 17602090.001).
  • [ISSN] 1527-7755
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of clinical oncology : official journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Clin. Oncol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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95. Ozgursoy OB, Kemal O, Saatci MR, Tulunay O: Actinomycosis in the etiology of recurrent tonsillitis and obstructive tonsillar hypertrophy: answer from a histopathologic point of view. J Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg; 2008 Dec;37(6):865-9
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  • [Title] Actinomycosis in the etiology of recurrent tonsillitis and obstructive tonsillar hypertrophy: answer from a histopathologic point of view.
  • OBJECTIVE: To investigate the histopathologic profile and clinical presentation of tonsillar disease in the presence of Actinomycetes in children.
  • DESIGN: A qualitative and quantitative histopathologic analysis of the palatine tonsil was performed.
  • MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Four histologic compartments of the tonsil, including the surface epithelium, reticulated crypt epithelium (lymphoepithelium), lymphoid tissue, and interfollicular region, were examined.
  • The number of subjectively quantitated total lymphoid follicles and small and medium-sized lymphoid follicles of the palatine tonsil were significantly increased in patients demonstrating "sulphur granules" in their crypts.
  • Highly thick squamous metaplasia of the lymphoepithelium and dilatation of crypts were more prevalent in tonsil tissue revealing Actinomycetes.
  • However, the histopathologic outcome may indicate the possible etiologic role of Actinomycetes in the development of prominent lymphoid hyperplasia and hypertrophy and, in turn, obstructive tonsillar hypertrophy.
  • [MeSH-major] Actinomyces / isolation & purification. Actinomycosis / complications. Actinomycosis / pathology. Palatine Tonsil / pathology. Tonsillitis / microbiology. Tonsillitis / pathology

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  • (PMID = 19128718.001).
  • [ISSN] 1916-0216
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of otolaryngology - head & neck surgery = Le Journal d'oto-rhino-laryngologie et de chirurgie cervico-faciale
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Canada
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96. Wang XY, Wu N, Zhu Z, Zhao YF: Computed tomography features of enlarged tonsils as a first symptom of non-Hodgkin's lymphoma. Chin J Cancer; 2010 May;29(5):556-60
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  • Of them 22 untreated patients showed tonsil lesions as a first symptom.
  • CONCLUSIONS: Bilateral involvement, homogeneous density, and slight enhancement are characteristics of tonsil involvement of non Hodgkin's lymphoma.
  • [MeSH-major] Head and Neck Neoplasms / radiography. Lymph Nodes / pathology. Lymphoma, Non-Hodgkin / radiography. Palatine Tonsil / pathology. Tomography, X-Ray Computed
  • [MeSH-minor] Adolescent. Adult. Aged. Female. Humans. Lymphatic Metastasis. Lymphoma, Large B-Cell, Diffuse / diagnosis. Lymphoma, Large B-Cell, Diffuse / pathology. Lymphoma, Large B-Cell, Diffuse / radiography. Male. Middle Aged. Neck. Neoplasm Invasiveness. Retrospective Studies. Young Adult

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  • (PMID = 20426908.001).
  • [ISSN] 1000-467X
  • [Journal-full-title] Chinese journal of cancer
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Chin J Cancer
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] China
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97. Li BZ, Zhou XY, Ye HT, Yang WT, Fan YZ, Lu HF, Shi DR: [Abnormal expression of bcl-10 protein in extranodal marginal zone B cell lymphoma of mucosa-associated lymphoid tissue lymphoma type]. Zhonghua Bing Li Xue Za Zhi; 2007 Dec;36(12):819-24
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  • Ten cases of reactive follicular hyperplasia of tonsil, 5 cases of reactive lymphoid hyperplasia of orbit and 143 cases of non-Hodgkin's lymphoma other than MALT lymphoma (including 20 cases of NK/T cell lymphoma, 20 cases of follicular lymphomas, 20 cases of anaplastic large cell lymphomas, 20 cases of nodal diffuse large cell B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL), 10 cases of gastric diffuse large B-cell lymphoma, 13 cases of nodal marginal zone B-cell lymphoma, 12 cases of mantle cell lymphoma, 11 cases of splenic marginal zone B-cell lymphoma, 6 cases of angioimmunoblastic T-cell lymphoma, 6 cases of peripheral T-cell lymphoma, not otherwise specified, 3 cases of small lymphocytic lymphoma, 1 case of lymphoplasmacytic lymphoma and 1 case of plasmacytoma were used as controls.
  • RESULTS: In reactive follicular hyperplasia of tonsil, bcl-10 was moderately or strongly expressed in the cytoplasm of germinal center B cells, while the mantle cells were negative and the marginal zone cells and paracortical T cells showed weak staining.
  • In some cases of lymphoma, bcl-10 was expressed in tumor cells but not in reactive lymphoid cells.
  • In some cases of lymphoma, bcl-10 is expressed in tumor cells but not in reactive lymphoid cells, suggesting a possible role of abnormal bcl-10 expression in tumorgenesis.
  • [MeSH-minor] Antigens, CD20 / immunology. Cell Nucleus / genetics. Cytoplasm / genetics. Humans. Lymphocytes / pathology. Palatine Tonsil / pathology. Pseudolymphoma / genetics

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  • (PMID = 18346354.001).
  • [ISSN] 0529-5807
  • [Journal-full-title] Zhonghua bing li xue za zhi = Chinese journal of pathology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Zhonghua Bing Li Xue Za Zhi
  • [Language] chi
  • [Publication-type] English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] China
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Adaptor Proteins, Signal Transducing; 0 / Antigens, CD20; 0 / BCL10 protein, human
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98. Saengpanich S, Kerekhanjanarong V, Aramwatanapong P, Supiyaphun P: Comparison of pain after radiofrequency tonsillectomy compared with conventional tonsillectomy: a pilot study. J Med Assoc Thai; 2005 Dec;88(12):1880-3
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  • There are a variety of techniques of tonsillectomy including monopolar and bipolar diathermy, blunt dissection, and most recently radiofrequency tonsil ablation and coblation.

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  • (PMID = 16518989.001).
  • [ISSN] 0125-2208
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of the Medical Association of Thailand = Chotmaihet thangphaet
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Med Assoc Thai
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Comparative Study; Journal Article; Randomized Controlled Trial; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] Thailand
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99. Ohashi M, Yoshikawa T, Akimoto S, Fujita A, Hayakawa S, Takahashi M, Arakawa Y, Asano Y: Severe acute tonsillitis caused by Rothia dentocariosa in a healthy child. Pediatr Infect Dis J; 2005 May;24(5):466-7
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  • Rothia dentocariosa was recovered from the throat swab; many Gram-positive cocci were observed in the smear from the pseudomembrane covering the tonsil.
  • [MeSH-major] Actinomycetaceae / isolation & purification. Actinomycetales Infections / diagnosis. Tonsillitis / microbiology

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  • Hazardous Substances Data Bank. AMPICILLIN .
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  • (PMID = 15876953.001).
  • [ISSN] 0891-3668
  • [Journal-full-title] The Pediatric infectious disease journal
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Pediatr. Infect. Dis. J.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 7C782967RD / Ampicillin
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100. Eisfeld W, Amler S, Deitmer T: [Long-term results following tonsillotomy in children]. Laryngorhinootologie; 2010 Aug;89(8):466-72
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  • However, the question of inflammatory complications in the remaining tonsillar tissue is still present for long-term progression.
  • CONCLUSIONS: A CO(2) laser tonsillotomy using for treatment of obstructive tonsil hyperplasy in small children (with consideration of an inflammation-free anamnesis) represents a safe, effective, and low-complication method, also for long-term continued development.

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  • [Copyright] Georg Thieme Verlag KG Stuttgart * New York.
  • (PMID = 20387192.001).
  • [ISSN] 1438-8685
  • [Journal-full-title] Laryngo- rhino- otologie
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Laryngorhinootologie
  • [Language] ger
  • [Publication-type] English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Germany
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