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Items 1 to 100 of about 1075
1. Modayil PC, Joseph A, Thomas I, Sulochana G, Xavier J: Choristoma of the tonsil. Indian J Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg; 2005 Oct;57(4):344-5

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Choristoma of the tonsil.
  • The histopathologic finding of choristom of the tonsil is rare.

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  • [Cites] Br J Urol. 1988 May;61(5):458-60 [3395808.001]
  • [Cites] Arch Otolaryngol. 1961 Jun;73:651-3 [13775598.001]
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  • (PMID = 23120216.001).
  • [ISSN] 2231-3796
  • [Journal-full-title] Indian journal of otolaryngology and head and neck surgery : official publication of the Association of Otolaryngologists of India
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Indian J Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] India
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC3451455
  • [Keywords] NOTNLM ; giant cell reparative granuloma
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2. Krishnappa BD: Tuberculosis of tonsil. Indian J Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg; 2006 Apr;58(2):210

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Tuberculosis of tonsil.
  • A rare case of tuberculosis of tonsil in a 32 year old male patient, who presented with an ulcero granulomatus lesion of left tonsil which is tender, bled on touch.
  • FNAC of cervical lymph node and Histopathological examination of tonsillar tissue shows tuberculosis.

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  • [Cites] J Laryngol Otol. 1988 Dec;102(12):1150-2 [3225528.001]
  • [Cites] Ear Nose Throat J. 1984 Mar;63(3):171-4 [6714127.001]
  • (PMID = 23120294.001).
  • [ISSN] 2231-3796
  • [Journal-full-title] Indian journal of otolaryngology and head and neck surgery : official publication of the Association of Otolaryngologists of India
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Indian J Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] India
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC3450764
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3. Kant S, Verma SK, Sanjay: Isolated tonsil tuberculosis. Lung India; 2008 Oct;25(4):163-4

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Isolated tonsil tuberculosis.
  • Isolated tuberculosis of tonsil in the absence of active pulmonary tuberculosis is very rare clinical entity.
  • Here is a report of tonsil tuberculosis, presented with complaints of sore throat.

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  • [Cites] Ann Intern Med. 1974 Jun;80(6):708-13 [4832158.001]
  • [Cites] J Laryngol Otol. 1999 Nov;113(11):1029-30 [10696388.001]
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  • (PMID = 21264086.001).
  • [ISSN] 0970-2113
  • [Journal-full-title] Lung India : official organ of Indian Chest Society
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Lung India
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] India
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC3019349
  • [Keywords] NOTNLM ; Tonsil / Tuberculosis
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4. Wang CP, Kwan PC, Ho CY: Lipoma of the palatine tonsil. J Formos Med Assoc; 2007 Aug;106(8):673-5

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Lipoma of the palatine tonsil.
  • Lipomas are benign tumors composed of mature fat cells.
  • Tonsillar lipomas are rare.
  • Here, we present the case of a 46-year-old Taiwanese female with a submerged oval yellowish mass in her left palatine tonsil.
  • She received tonsillectomy and the pathologic diagnosis was tonsillar lipoma.

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  • (PMID = 17711802.001).
  • [ISSN] 0929-6646
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of the Formosan Medical Association = Taiwan yi zhi
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Formos. Med. Assoc.
  • [Language] ENG
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Singapore
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5. Madhumita K, Nambiar A, Prathapan P: Solitary neurofibroma of the palatine tonsil: a case report. Ear Nose Throat J; 2007 Dec;86(12):756-8
Genetic Alliance. consumer health - Neurofibroma.

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Solitary neurofibroma of the palatine tonsil: a case report.
  • We present a rare case of a benign tumor of the tonsil in a 49-year-old woman.
  • The tumor was excised in its entirety, and the patient's postoperative course was uneventful.
  • Although some sporadic cases of tonsillar schwannoma have been reported, to the best of our knowledge this is only the second case of a solitary neurofibroma of the palatine tonsil to be reported in the English-language literature.
  • [MeSH-major] Neurofibroma / pathology. Tonsillar Neoplasms / pathology

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  • (PMID = 18217382.001).
  • [ISSN] 0145-5613
  • [Journal-full-title] Ear, nose, & throat journal
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Ear Nose Throat J
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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6. Wang N, Liu Z, Wang J, Hwa YL, Li Z, Zhao X, Liu Y: Primary adenomyoepithelioma of tonsil. Head Neck Oncol; 2010 Mar 31;2:7
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Primary adenomyoepithelioma of tonsil.
  • We present a case of adenomyoepithlioma (AME) arising from the tonsil.
  • AME is an uncommon tumor that typically arises in breast, but rarely found in salivary glands, lung, and skin.
  • Here we describe a primary AME originating from the tonsil.
  • A thorough review of the literature indicates that this is likely the first reported case of AME from the tonsil.
  • Following descriptions of the diagnosis, treatment, and prognosis of this specific case, pathologic and clinical characteristics of AME from other tissues are also compiled and discussed.
  • [MeSH-major] Adenomyoepithelioma / pathology. Tonsillar Neoplasms / pathology

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  • [Cites] Histopathology. 1997 Oct;31(4):374-7 [9363454.001]
  • [Cites] Am J Surg Pathol. 2001 Dec;25(12):1508-14 [11717540.001]
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  • [Cites] Pathol Int. 2009 Mar;59(3):179-84 [19261096.001]
  • [ErratumIn] Head Neck Oncol. 2010;2:17
  • (PMID = 20356364.001).
  • [ISSN] 1758-3284
  • [Journal-full-title] Head & neck oncology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Head Neck Oncol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't; Review
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC3161342
  • [General-notes] NLM/ Original DateCompleted: 20100630
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7. Shokouhi G, Naghili B: Spontaneous Resolution of Acquired Tonsillar Herniation Caused by Isolated Cerebellar Tonsil Inflammation: Case Report. Neurosurgery; 2005 May 01;56(5):E1158

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Spontaneous Resolution of Acquired Tonsillar Herniation Caused by Isolated Cerebellar Tonsil Inflammation: Case Report.

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  • (PMID = 28184679.001).
  • [ISSN] 1524-4040
  • [Journal-full-title] Neurosurgery
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Neurosurgery
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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8. Joseph JA, Jaberoo MC, Sandison A, Grant WE: Benign schwannoma of the tonsil. BMJ Case Rep; 2010;2010
Genetic Alliance. consumer health - Schwannoma.

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Benign schwannoma of the tonsil.
  • The case of a rare tumour in a rare location is presented, and important aspects of the management of similar clinical scenarios are highlighted.
  • Tonsillar schwannoma is a slow growing lesion presenting in the third to fifth decade of life.
  • Histological diagnosis is made through the identification of Antoni A (Verocay bodies) and Antoni B cells with S-100 expression.
  • A 24-year-old man presented with a 5 cm right tonsillar tumour causing dysphagia and dysphonia for 6 weeks.
  • Tonsillar schwannoma can be diagnosed in the outpatient clinic.
  • Schwannoma has the potential for malignant transformation, with no recorded cases of this occurring in the tonsil.
  • [MeSH-major] Neurilemmoma / pathology. Neurilemmoma / surgery. Tonsillar Neoplasms / pathology. Tonsillar Neoplasms / surgery
  • [MeSH-minor] Biopsy, Needle. Deglutition Disorders / diagnosis. Deglutition Disorders / etiology. Dysphonia / diagnosis. Dysphonia / etiology. Follow-Up Studies. Humans. Immunohistochemistry. Male. Rare Diseases. Risk Assessment. Tomography, X-Ray Computed / methods. Tonsillectomy / methods. Treatment Outcome. Young Adult

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  • [Cites] J Laryngol Otol. 1999 Jun;113(6):585-6 [10605596.001]
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  • [Cites] J Laryngol Otol. 2005 Jul;119(7):570-2 [16175987.001]
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  • (PMID = 22767561.001).
  • [ISSN] 1757-790X
  • [Journal-full-title] BMJ case reports
  • [ISO-abbreviation] BMJ Case Rep
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC3029798
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9. Lee BJ, Wang SG, Lee JC, Lee IW: Schwannoma of the tonsil. Ear Nose Throat J; 2007 Jun;86(6):354-5
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Schwannoma of the tonsil.
  • Schwannomas arising in the tonsil are extremely uncommon.
  • We report a case of tonsillar schwannoma in a 23-year-old woman.
  • [MeSH-major] Neurilemmoma / pathology. Neurilemmoma / radiography. Palatine Tonsil / pathology. Palatine Tonsil / radiography. Tonsillar Neoplasms / pathology. Tonsillar Neoplasms / radiography

  • Genetic Alliance. consumer health - Schwannoma.
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  • (PMID = 17703816.001).
  • [ISSN] 0145-5613
  • [Journal-full-title] Ear, nose, & throat journal
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Ear Nose Throat J
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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10. Dağtekin-Ergür EN, Eren F, Ustün MB, Eren Y, Taş E, Gürsel AO: [Investigation of Helicobacter pylori colonization in pharyngeal and palatine tonsils with rapid urease test and immunohistochemical analysis]. Kulak Burun Bogaz Ihtis Derg; 2008 Mar-Apr;18(2):85-9
MedlinePlus Health Information. consumer health - Tonsillitis.

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] [Investigation of Helicobacter pylori colonization in pharyngeal and palatine tonsils with rapid urease test and immunohistochemical analysis].
  • [Transliterated title] Farengeal ve palatin tonsil örneklerinde hizli üreaz testi ve immünhistokimyasal analiz yöntemiyle Helicobacter pylori varliğinin araştirilmasi.
  • OBJECTIVES: We investigated the presence and frequency of Helicobacter pylori in palatine and pharyngeal tonsil tissues of children.
  • Of these, 17 patients underwent adenoidectomy and tonsillectomy, two patients underwent adenoidectomy and tonsillectomy with bilateral ventilation tube insertion, and one patient underwent adenoidectomy with bilateral ventilation tube insertion. H. pylori colonization was sought in all tonsillar specimens by rapid urease test and immunohistochemical analysis.
  • RESULTS: Rapid urease test showed H. pylori colonization in the palatine and pharyngeal tonsil specimens of one patient (5%), whereas immunohistochemical analysis showed four H. pylori-positive patients (20%), whose pharyngeal tonsil (n=2) or palatine tonsil (n=2) specimens were individually affected.
  • CONCLUSION: The presence of H. pylori in both palatine and pharyngeal tonsil tissues of children suggests that these tissues can be a reservoir for H. pylori.
  • [MeSH-major] Adenoids / microbiology. Helicobacter Infections / diagnosis. Helicobacter pylori / isolation & purification. Palatine Tonsil / microbiology. Tonsillitis / microbiology

  • MedlinePlus Health Information. consumer health - Adenoids.
  • MedlinePlus Health Information. consumer health - Helicobacter Pylori Infections.
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  • (PMID = 18628642.001).
  • [ISSN] 1300-7475
  • [Journal-full-title] Kulak burun boğaz ihtisas dergisi : KBB = Journal of ear, nose, and throat
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Kulak Burun Bogaz Ihtis Derg
  • [Language] tur
  • [Publication-type] English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Turkey
  • [Chemical-registry-number] EC 3.5.1.5 / Urease
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11. Anil HT, Gowda BV, Lakshmi S, Niveditha SR: Schwannoma of the palatine tonsil. J Laryngol Otol; 2005 Jul;119(7):570-2
Genetic Alliance. consumer health - Schwannoma.

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Schwannoma of the palatine tonsil.
  • Schwannoma is a solitary, benign tumour arising from the neural sheath Schwann cells of the peripheral, cranial or autonomic nerves.
  • Schwannoma of the tonsil is extremely rare, with only two cases reported in the literature.
  • We report what is, to our knowledge, the third case of schwannoma of the tonsil, diagnosed by histopathology.
  • [MeSH-major] Neurilemmoma / surgery. Tonsillar Neoplasms / surgery

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  • (PMID = 16175987.001).
  • [ISSN] 0022-2151
  • [Journal-full-title] The Journal of laryngology and otology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Laryngol Otol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] England
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12. Smith RO, Pokala K, Medina JE, Krempl GA: Tonsillar carcinoma in the contralateral tonsil. Laryngoscope; 2010;120 Suppl 4:S176

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Tonsillar carcinoma in the contralateral tonsil.
  • OBJECTIVE: We report a series of patients treated for carcinoma of the tonsil who either presented with bilateral carcinomas or later developed a second primary carcinoma of the contralateral tonsil.
  • METHODS: Four cases have been identified of either concomitant or subsequent carcinoma of the contralateral tonsil inpatients treated for tonsillar carcinoma from the practices of 3 head and neck surgeons in a single demographic area over a 35 year span.
  • RESULTS: Four patients were identified who were treated for tonsillar carcinoma with concomitant or subsequent carcinoma of the contralateral tonsil: One patient with bilateral metastatic carcinoma in cervical lymph nodes was found to have bilateral occult tonsillar primaries.Three patients who were treated for tonsillar primary carcinomas subsequently developed carcinoma of the contralateral tonsil.
  • CONCLUSIONS: A small population of patients with unilateral tonsil carcinoma will developed a second in the contralateral tonsil.
  • This raises the question of whether removal of the contralateral tonsil at the time of initial treatment might have spared the morbidity/mortality of the subsequent contralateral tonsil cancer.
  • [MeSH-major] Neoplasms, Second Primary / therapy. Tonsillar Neoplasms / therapy
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Fatal Outcome. Female. Humans. Male. Middle Aged. Neoplasm Staging. Risk Factors

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  • (PMID = 21225774.001).
  • [ISSN] 1531-4995
  • [Journal-full-title] The Laryngoscope
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Laryngoscope
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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13. Lee N, Jensen J, Schoder H, Wang Y, Fury M, Pfister DG, Stambuk H, Humm J, Koutcher J, Shukla-Dave A: Correlation of dynamic contrast enhanced magnetic resonance imaging (DCE MRI) with <sup>18</sup>f-fluoromisonidazole positron emission and computed tomography (<sup>18</sup>F-FMISO PET/CT) in assessing tumor hypoxia in a series of head and neck cancer (HNC) patients with nodal metastases. J Clin Oncol; 2009 May 20;27(15_suppl):6083

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Correlation of dynamic contrast enhanced magnetic resonance imaging (DCE MRI) with <sup>18</sup>f-fluoromisonidazole positron emission and computed tomography (<sup>18</sup>F-FMISO PET/CT) in assessing tumor hypoxia in a series of head and neck cancer (HNC) patients with nodal metastases.
  • Hypoxia can develop within the tumor which typically corresponds to regions with poor blood perfusion.
  • DCE-MRI can yield results on tumor perfusion.
  • METHODS: 13 HNC (7 base of tongue, 5 tonsil, 1 larynx) patients with nodal metastases underwent both DCE-MRI and <sup>18</sup>F-FMISO PET/CT scans prior to chemoradiotherapy.
  • <sup>18</sup>F-FMISO PET/CT images were analyzed and the uptake by the tumor was scored as: no uptake (score 0); moderate-severe uptake (score 1).

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  • (PMID = 27961949.001).
  • [ISSN] 1527-7755
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of clinical oncology : official journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Clin. Oncol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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14. Erbersdobler A, Simon R, Hellwinkel OJ, Bokemeyer C, Sauter G, Hu-Lowe D, Levin W, Gallo-Stampino C, Fiedler W: Analysis of expression of TGF-β1 receptor (ALK-1) in normal and tumor tissues by tissue microarrays. J Clin Oncol; 2009 May 20;27(15_suppl):e22044

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Analysis of expression of TGF-β1 receptor (ALK-1) in normal and tumor tissues by tissue microarrays.
  • Here we describe target validation in normal and tumor tissue using tissue micro-arrays (TMAs).
  • Multi-tumor arrays consisted of 3923 individual tumor samples from 87 tumor types.
  • RESULTS: ALK-1 staining of vessels in normal tissues was generally weak (mostly grade 1 and rarely grade 2) and was detectable in lymphatic tissues including tonsil, lymph nodes, thymus and spleen, lung, the entire GI tract including parotid, submandibular and sublingual glands as well as pancreas.
  • In human tumor vessels ALK-1 expression showed high variability between tumor types.
  • The highest ALK-1 expression rate was found in lung cancer (NSCLC 49%, SCLC 83%), neuroendocrine pancreas tumor (71%), colon cancer (50%), chondrosarcoma 50%, angiosarcoma 40% and NHL (44%).
  • CONCLUSIONS: TMAs are an excellent tool to verify target expression in normal and tumor tissues.

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  • (PMID = 27963226.001).
  • [ISSN] 1527-7755
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of clinical oncology : official journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Clin. Oncol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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15. Huguet F, Gratacap M, Ménard J, Perie S, Angelard B, Jafari A, Pène F, Torti F, Touboul E, Lacau St Guily J: Alternative therapeutic approaches after induction chemotherapy for tonsil squamous cell carcinomas. J Clin Oncol; 2009 May 20;27(15_suppl):e17010

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Alternative therapeutic approaches after induction chemotherapy for tonsil squamous cell carcinomas.
  • This retrospective study aims to evaluate the outcome of patients with tonsil SCC treated with ICT followed by surgery and/or external beam radiotherapy (EBRT).
  • METHODS: Between 1997 and 2007, 103 patients (pts) with tonsil SCC received an ICT in Tenon Hospital.
  • RESULTS: No significant difference appears between our different groups except for the TNM stage and the tumour pathological response to ICT.
  • A poor pathological response after ICT was the single independent predictive factor of tumour relapse (p = 0.04).

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  • (PMID = 27961737.001).
  • [ISSN] 1527-7755
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of clinical oncology : official journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Clin. Oncol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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16. Conley BA, Leece CM, Chandana S, Dowlashati S: Role of mixed lineage kinase 3 in response of head and neck squamous cancer cell lines to epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) inhibition. J Clin Oncol; 2009 May 20;27(15_suppl):6076

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • RESULTS: MLK3 is overexpressed in malignant HNSCC cell lines compared to normal tonsil lysate, and its expression can be inhibited by siRNA or K 252a.

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  • (PMID = 27961942.001).
  • [ISSN] 1527-7755
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of clinical oncology : official journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Clin. Oncol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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17. Sahin F, Taşpinar M, Karasartova D, Ozkul A, Gerçeker D: [Investigation of the role of ribonuclease L gene in the response of tonsil tissues against viral infections]. Mikrobiyol Bul; 2006 Oct;40(4):307-15

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] [Investigation of the role of ribonuclease L gene in the response of tonsil tissues against viral infections].
  • [Transliterated title] Tonsil dokusunun viral enfeksiyonlara karşi yanitinda ribonükleaz L geninin rolünün araştirilmasi.
  • One tonsil was infected with all of these three viruses, two were infected with at least one of these viruses, and three were not infected with these viruses.
  • The presence of viral DNAs in the tonsil tissues had been searched by polymerase chain reaction (PCR) in our previous study.
  • It was concluded that other factors than RNase-L protein, might be involved in the innate defense mechanisms of tonsil cells against viruses.
  • [MeSH-major] Endoribonucleases / genetics. Herpesvirus 1, Human / genetics. Herpesvirus 4, Human / genetics. Herpesvirus 6, Human / genetics. Palatine Tonsil / virology

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  • (PMID = 17205688.001).
  • [ISSN] 0374-9096
  • [Journal-full-title] Mikrobiyoloji bülteni
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Mikrobiyol Bul
  • [Language] tur
  • [Publication-type] English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Turkey
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / DNA, Complementary; 0 / DNA, Viral; EC 3.1.- / Endoribonucleases; EC 3.1.26.- / 2-5A-dependent ribonuclease
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18. Cağici CA, Kizilkiliç O, Yavuz H, Oğuzkurt L, Giray S, Ozlüoğlu L: [Pseudoaneurysm of the internal carotid artery following a tonsil biopsy: endovascular repair with covered stent]. Kulak Burun Bogaz Ihtis Derg; 2008 Mar-Apr;18(2):101-5

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] [Pseudoaneurysm of the internal carotid artery following a tonsil biopsy: endovascular repair with covered stent].
  • [Transliterated title] Tonsil biyopsisine bağli gelişen internal karotis arter psödoanevrizmasi: endovasküler kapli stent ile onarim.
  • A 57-year-old woman developed pseudoaneurysm of the internal carotid artery following a biopsy taken at another center from a mass in the left tonsillar region.
  • [MeSH-major] Carotid Artery Injuries / surgery. Carotid Artery, Internal. Palatine Tonsil / surgery. Stents

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  • (PMID = 18628645.001).
  • [ISSN] 1300-7475
  • [Journal-full-title] Kulak burun boğaz ihtisas dergisi : KBB = Journal of ear, nose, and throat
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Kulak Burun Bogaz Ihtis Derg
  • [Language] tur
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Turkey
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19. Pérez Liedo MC, Coscarón Blanco E, De Prado Sanjosé MM, González Sánchez E, Suárez Ortega MS, Blanco García JL, Zamora Martínez T: [Palatine tonsil lipoma]. An Otorrinolaringol Ibero Am; 2006;33(4):377-82

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] [Palatine tonsil lipoma].
  • [Transliterated title] Lipoma de amígdala palatina.
  • Lipomatous tumors represent an unfrequent cause for upper aerodigestive tract neoplasms, specially concerning the palatine tonsils, that should be included in their differential diagnosis.
  • A case of palatine tonsil lipoma in a 11 year-old girl is reported and a revision of the available literature and some considerations about this condition are provided.
  • [MeSH-major] Lipoma / pathology. Tonsillar Neoplasms / pathology

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  • (PMID = 16910393.001).
  • [ISSN] 0303-8874
  • [Journal-full-title] Anales otorrinolaringológicos ibero-americanos
  • [ISO-abbreviation] An Otorrinolaringol Ibero Am
  • [Language] spa
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; English Abstract; Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] Spain
  • [Number-of-references] 16
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20. McCoul ED: Legacies of the Tonsil Hospital. Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg; 2010 Jul;143(1):4-7, 7.e1-2
MedlinePlus Health Information. consumer health - Tonsillitis.

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Legacies of the Tonsil Hospital.
  • In response to a unique societal need, a dedicated tonsil hospital was established in New York City in 1921.
  • The hospital's director, Robert Fowler, impressed by the variability of available surgical techniques, undertook a quest for the "better tonsil operation."

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  • [Copyright] 2010 American Academy of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery Foundation. Published by Mosby, Inc. All rights reserved.
  • (PMID = 20620611.001).
  • [ISSN] 1097-6817
  • [Journal-full-title] Otolaryngology--head and neck surgery : official journal of American Academy of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Biography; Historical Article; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Personal-name-as-subject] Fowler RH
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21. Barreto I, Juliano P, Chagas C, Altemani A: Lymphoid polyps of the palatine tonsil. Int J Surg Pathol; 2007 Apr;15(2):155-9
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Lymphoid polyps of the palatine tonsil.
  • Tonsillar lymphoid polyps are uncommon lesions that have rarely been studied.
  • The authors describe the clinical, histopathologic, and immunohistochemical features of 6 tonsillar polyps in which lymphoid tissue represented more than 80% of the lesion.
  • Presenting symptoms were tonsillar mass and/or dysphagia.
  • B cells (CD20+), T cells (CD45RO+), plasma cells (kappa+ and lambda+) and vessels (lymphatic, D2-40+; blood, CD34+) presented distribution and architectural patterns as expected for lymphoid tissue of a palatine tonsil.
  • Tonsillar lymphoid polyps are possibly hamartomas characterized by overgrowth of lymphoid elements, which maintain an architectural pattern and cellular composition similar to those of the palatine tonsil.
  • [MeSH-major] Hamartoma / pathology. Lymphoid Tissue / pathology. Palatine Tonsil / pathology. Pharyngeal Diseases / pathology. Polyps / pathology

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  • (PMID = 17478769.001).
  • [ISSN] 1066-8969
  • [Journal-full-title] International journal of surgical pathology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Int. J. Surg. Pathol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Antigens, CD; 0 / Biomarkers
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22. Tsuji T, Yamasaki H, Sasho H, Arima N, Tsuda H: [Localized amyloidosis in the tonsil]. Rinsho Ketsueki; 2008 Dec;49(12):1628-30
MedlinePlus Health Information. consumer health - Throat Disorders.

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] [Localized amyloidosis in the tonsil].
  • A 71-year-old male consulted our hospital complaining of right tonsil enlargement.
  • Histological analysis demonstrated AL amyloid deposits obliterating the tonsillar structures.
  • We report an extremely rare case of amyloidosis localized in the tonsil and review the literature.
  • [MeSH-major] Amyloidosis / diagnosis. Palatine Tonsil. Pharyngeal Diseases / diagnosis

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  • (PMID = 19110526.001).
  • [ISSN] 0485-1439
  • [Journal-full-title] [Rinshō ketsueki] The Japanese journal of clinical hematology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Rinsho Ketsueki
  • [Language] jpn
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; English Abstract; Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] Japan
  • [Number-of-references] 5
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23. Santosh UP, Vinay B: Tuberculosis of tonsil associated with pulmonary foci. Indian J Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg; 2008 Sep;60(3):263-5

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Tuberculosis of tonsil associated with pulmonary foci.
  • Tuberculosis of tonsil is one of the uncommon forms of extra pulmonary tuberculosis.
  • We report a case of tuberculosis of tonsil associated with pulmonary foci.
  • Clinical diagnosis of left peritonsillitis was made.
  • The possibility of tuberculosis should be considered in a case with unilateral severe throat pain with congested tonsil not responding to usual line of treatment.

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  • [Cites] J Laryngol Otol. 1989 Sep;103(9):864-8 [2584878.001]
  • [Cites] J Laryngol Otol. 1995 Sep;109(9):880-2 [7494127.001]
  • [Cites] Auris Nasus Larynx. 2000 Oct;27(4):371-4 [10996500.001]
  • (PMID = 23120558.001).
  • [ISSN] 2231-3796
  • [Journal-full-title] Indian journal of otolaryngology and head and neck surgery : official publication of the Association of Otolaryngologists of India
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Indian J Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] India
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC3450651
  • [Keywords] NOTNLM ; Oral cavity / Tuberculosis of tonsil / pulmonary foci
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24. Eisfeld W, Deitmer T: [From tonsil capping to tonsillectomy to tonsillotomy]. Laryngorhinootologie; 2010 Mar;89(3):137-44
MedlinePlus Health Information. consumer health - Tonsillitis.

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] [From tonsil capping to tonsillectomy to tonsillotomy].
  • [Transliterated title] Von der Mandelkappung über die Tonsillektomie zur Tonsillotomie.
  • Medicine has been dealing with palatine tonsil disorders since its beginnings.
  • Very early on it already became clear that the complete extraction of the tonsil along its connective tissue capsule can lead to serious complications: the risk of bleeding after a tonsillectomy is well-known to currently practising surgeons.
  • This intracapsular, partial tonsillectomy, also referred to as tonsillotomy or " tonsil capping ", became widespread during that time.
  • However, the development of safer anaesthetic techniques at the beginning of the 20 th century meant that the extraction of the entire tonsil, tonsillectomy in toto, eventually became more feasible even in children.
  • Against this background as well as a result of intense discussions on possible secondary scarring of the remaining tonsil tissue accompanied by inflammatory after-eff ects, the technique of tonsillotomy, the partial extraction of the tonsils, was gradually abandoned in favour of that of tonsillectomy and eventually almost completely forgotten during the latter half of the 20 th century.
  • [MeSH-major] Palatine Tonsil / surgery. Surgical Instruments / history. Tonsillectomy / history

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  • [CommentIn] Laryngorhinootologie. 2010 Mar;89(3):145 [20238287.001]
  • (PMID = 20238286.001).
  • [ISSN] 1438-8685
  • [Journal-full-title] Laryngo- rhino- otologie
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Laryngorhinootologie
  • [Language] ger
  • [Publication-type] English Abstract; Historical Article; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Germany
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25. Nagy N, Igyártó B, Magyar A, Gazdag E, Palya V, Oláh I: Oesophageal tonsil of the chicken. Acta Vet Hung; 2005;53(2):173-88
eagle-i research resources. PMID 15959976 (Special Collections) .

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Oesophageal tonsil of the chicken.
  • The oesophageal tonsil of the chicken is a novel member of the mucosal-associated lymphoid tissue (MALT), which is located around the entrance of the proventriculus.
  • Each one is organised around the bottom of the longitudinal folds of the oesophagus, and serves as a 'tonsillar crypt'.
  • Existence of high-endothelial venules in the interfollicular region suggests an extensive cellular connection between the oesophageal tonsil and the other lymphoid organs.
  • The location of the oesophageal tonsil, cranial to the stomach, may provide this organ with a unique role as compared to the other parts of the MALT; namely, it may contribute to the replication of infectious bursal disease virus (IBDV) and/or the pathogenesis of infectious bursal disease.

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  • (PMID = 15959976.001).
  • [ISSN] 0236-6290
  • [Journal-full-title] Acta veterinaria Hungarica
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Acta Vet. Hung.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] Hungary
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Antibodies, Monoclonal
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26. Kumar P, Timoney JF: Histology, immunohistochemistry and ultrastructure of the equine palatine tonsil. Anat Histol Embryol; 2005 Jun;34(3):192-8

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Histology, immunohistochemistry and ultrastructure of the equine palatine tonsil.
  • The palatine tonsils of five young horses formed 10-12 cm elongated follicular structures extending from the root of the tongue on either side to the base of the epiglottis and lateral to the glossoepiglottic fold.
  • Lymphoid tissue organized in lymphoid follicles constituted the parenchyma of the palatine tonsil.
  • CD4-positive cells were more numerous and CD8-positive lymphocytes less numerous compared with their distribution in the lingual tonsil.
  • B cells and macrophages were also more numerous than in the lingual tonsil and lectins showed a different pattern of attachment.
  • Striated muscles as seen in the deeper lamina propria mucosae of the lingual tonsil were absent.
  • The immunohistological and ultrastructural characteristics of the equine palatine tonsil are similar to those of humans but differ from those of the lingual tonsil and are consistent with a role as an effector and inductor immunological organ.
  • [MeSH-major] Horses / anatomy & histology. Palatine Tonsil / ultrastructure

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  • (PMID = 15929736.001).
  • [ISSN] 0340-2096
  • [Journal-full-title] Anatomia, histologia, embryologia
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Anat Histol Embryol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Comparative Study; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] Germany
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Lectins; 0 / Vimentin
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27. Cocquyt G, Simoens P, Muylle S, Van den Broeck W: Anatomical and histological aspects of the bovine lingual tonsil. Res Vet Sci; 2008 Apr;84(2):166-73

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Anatomical and histological aspects of the bovine lingual tonsil.
  • The localization of the bovine lingual tonsil is described as a prerequisite for the removal of specified risk material from the tongue meat in order to restrict the risk arising from bovine spongiform encephalopathy (BSE) to public health.
  • The major part of this tonsil can be located macroscopically by the openings of its follicular crypts at the root of tongue.
  • By sectioning the tongue 3 cm rostral to the last vallate papillae, undermining the lingual mucosa to the level of these papillae and making a transverse cut towards the lingual process of the basihyoid bone, the greater part of the lingual tonsil can efficiently be removed.
  • Finally, immunohistochemical staining demonstrated the presence of T and B lymphocytes, suggesting that the bovine lingual tonsil can be considered as a site where an immune response can be induced.
  • [MeSH-major] Cattle / anatomy & histology. Palatine Tonsil / anatomy & histology. Tongue / anatomy & histology

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  • (PMID = 17572458.001).
  • [ISSN] 0034-5288
  • [Journal-full-title] Research in veterinary science
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Res. Vet. Sci.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] England
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28. Chen H, Ye H, Zhen Y, Zhang Z, Cai Q, Chen Q: [The effect of the size of tonsil on uvulopalatopharyngoplasty]. Lin Chuang Er Bi Yan Hou Ke Za Zhi; 2006 Apr;20(8):355-7
Hazardous Substances Data Bank. OXYGEN .

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] [The effect of the size of tonsil on uvulopalatopharyngoplasty].
  • OBJECTIVE: To investigate how the size of tonsil affects the curative effect of patients with obstructive sleep apnea hypopnea syndrome (OSAHS) treated with Uvulopalatopharyngoplasty (UPPP).
  • RESULT: There was no statistical difference between different tonsil size groups in age, apnea-hypopnea index (AHI), body mass index (BMI) and the lowest Pulse Oxygen Saturation (lowest SpO2) before operation.
  • In serious OSAHS group, there was a statistical difference in the composing of tonsil size grade in different curative effect groups.
  • CONCLUSION: Patients with bigger size of tonsil will receive a better result after UPPP while the lowest SpO2 will be improved more prominent.
  • [MeSH-major] Palatine Tonsil / anatomy & histology. Sleep Apnea, Obstructive / surgery

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  • (PMID = 16838742.001).
  • [Journal-full-title] Lin chuang er bi yan hou ke za zhi = Journal of clinical otorhinolaryngology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Lin Chuang Er Bi Yan Hou Ke Za Zhi
  • [Language] chi
  • [Publication-type] English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] China
  • [Chemical-registry-number] S88TT14065 / Oxygen
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29. Kumar P, Timoney JF: Histology, immunohistochemistry and ultrastructure of the equine tubal tonsil. Anat Histol Embryol; 2005 Jun;34(3):141-8

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Histology, immunohistochemistry and ultrastructure of the equine tubal tonsil.
  • The tubal tonsil of the horse surrounds the pharyngeal opening of the eustachian tube and is lined by pseudostratified columnar ciliated epithelium interspersed with areas of follicle-associated epithelium (FAE) heavily infiltrated by lymphocytes but devoid of goblet and ciliated cells.
  • Scanning and transmission electron microscopy revealed microvillous cells and cells with features characteristic of M cells such as reduced microvilli or depressed bare surface, more numerous mitochondria, small vesicles and lysosomes, as well as vimentin filaments and epitopes specific for GS 1-B4 as previously seen in the nasopharyngeal tonsil.
  • The underlying lymphoid tissue of the FAE was generally organized as solitary lymphoid follicles without germinal centres in contrast to the diffuse and large amount of organized lymphoid follicles with germinal centres that characterize the nasopharyngeal tonsil.
  • CD8+ T and B-lymphocytes were much fewer than in the nasopharyngeal tonsil.
  • [MeSH-major] Horses / anatomy & histology. Palatine Tonsil / ultrastructure

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  • (PMID = 15929727.001).
  • [ISSN] 0340-2096
  • [Journal-full-title] Anatomia, histologia, embryologia
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Anat Histol Embryol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Comparative Study; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] Germany
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Lectins; 0 / Vimentin
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30. Bense S, Best C, Buchholz HG, Wiener V, Schreckenberger M, Bartenstein P, Dieterich M: 18F-fluorodeoxyglucose hypometabolism in cerebellar tonsil and flocculus in downbeat nystagmus. Neuroreport; 2006 Apr 24;17(6):599-603
Hazardous Substances Data Bank. 4-AMINOPYRIDINE .

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] 18F-fluorodeoxyglucose hypometabolism in cerebellar tonsil and flocculus in downbeat nystagmus.
  • All positron emission tomography scans of the patient showed a reduced cerebral glucose metabolism bilaterally in the region of the cerebellar tonsil and flocculus/paraflocculus when compared with a normal database of the whole brain.
  • This finding supports the hypothesis that the cerebellar tonsil and (para-) flocculus play a crucial role in downbeat nystagmus.

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  • (PMID = 16603919.001).
  • [ISSN] 0959-4965
  • [Journal-full-title] Neuroreport
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Neuroreport
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Comparative Study; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Potassium Channel Blockers; 0Z5B2CJX4D / Fluorodeoxyglucose F18; BH3B64OKL9 / 4-Aminopyridine
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31. Wilson S, Norton P, Haverson K, Leigh J, Bailey M: Development of the palatine tonsil in conventional and germ-free piglets. Dev Comp Immunol; 2005;29(11):977-87

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Development of the palatine tonsil in conventional and germ-free piglets.
  • Palatine tonsils, like the Peyer's patches, are considered to be major inductive sites for the mucosa-associated lymphoid tissue (MALT), providing sampling and effector functions for the upper respiratory tract.
  • The results suggest that the microbial environment influences the development of the tonsil immunological architecture.
  • Given the role of the tonsil in induction of mucosal responses, this raises questions as to the effectiveness of the tonsil in dealing with colonising organisms in the neonate.
  • [MeSH-major] Palatine Tonsil / growth & development. Palatine Tonsil / immunology. Sus scrofa / growth & development. Sus scrofa / immunology. Swine, Miniature / growth & development. Swine, Miniature / immunology

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  • (PMID = 15936819.001).
  • [ISSN] 0145-305X
  • [Journal-full-title] Developmental and comparative immunology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Dev. Comp. Immunol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] United States
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32. Bazaadut S, Soodin D, Singh P, Khalafallah A, Withers S, Taylor S, Fernando R: Extramedullary plasmacytoma of the tonsil with nodal involvement. Int J Otolaryngol; 2010;2010

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Extramedullary plasmacytoma of the tonsil with nodal involvement.
  • We present a rare case of extramedullary plasmacytoma of the palatine tonsil with cervical lymph node involvement treated by surgical resection.
  • A 58-year-old Caucasian male presented with a solitary 3 cm x 3 cm jugulodigastric lymph node and was found to have an ipsilateral tonsillar swelling.
  • The involved tonsil and lymph node were surgically resected after two inconclusive fine-needle aspirates, and plasmacytoma was confirmed histologically and by immunocytochemistry.
  • We also highlight the challenges of diagnosis when fine-needle aspiration is inconclusive and the need for careful planning before surgery.

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  • (PMID = 20706681.001).
  • [ISSN] 1687-921X
  • [Journal-full-title] International journal of otolaryngology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Int J Otolaryngol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC2913787
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33. Polak ME, Borthwick NJ, Gabriel FG, Jager MJ, Cree IA: Activation of tonsil dendritic cells with immuno-adjuvants. BMC Immunol; 2008 Mar 18;9:10

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Activation of tonsil dendritic cells with immuno-adjuvants.
  • In humans, although much is known about the responses of monocyte derived DC, relatively little is known about effect of immuno-stimulatory adjuvants on DC found in tonsil.
  • RESULTS: To examine this, tonsil DC were isolated and cultured with potent DC activators; IFNgamma, anti-CD40 antibody, LPS and Poly I:C either singly or in combination.
  • The DC isolated from tonsil were a mixed population containing both myeloid and plasmacytoid DC, but all showed similar responses.
  • Tonsil DC released IL12p70 upon stimulation with IFNgamma , anti-CD40 antibody, and LPS, but unlike monocyte-derived DC, they did not increase the expression of cell surface activation molecules above those induced by culture alone.
  • Poly I:C, a potent stimulator of laboratory generated DC inhibited the activation of tonsil DC by other adjuvants.

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  • (PMID = 18366670.001).
  • [ISSN] 1471-2172
  • [Journal-full-title] BMC immunology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] BMC Immunol.
  • [Language] ENG
  • [Grant] United Kingdom / Cancer Research UK / / C7498/A5113
  • [Publication-type] Comparative Study; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Adjuvants, Immunologic; 0 / Antibodies, Monoclonal; 0 / Antigens, CD; 0 / Antigens, CD40; 0 / Lipopolysaccharides; 187348-17-0 / Interleukin-12; 24939-03-5 / Poly I-C; 82115-62-6 / Interferon-gamma; 83869-56-1 / Granulocyte-Macrophage Colony-Stimulating Factor
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC2311271
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34. Moutsopoulos NM, Nares S, Nikitakis N, Rangel Z, Wen J, Munson P, Sauk J, Wahl SM: Tonsil epithelial factors may influence oropharyngeal human immunodeficiency virus transmission. Am J Pathol; 2007 Aug;171(2):571-9
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Tonsil epithelial factors may influence oropharyngeal human immunodeficiency virus transmission.
  • Tonsil epithelium has been implicated in human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) pathogenesis, but its role in oral transmission remains controversial.
  • To study characteristics of this tissue, which may influence susceptibility or resistance to HIV, we performed microarray analysis of the tonsil epithelium.
  • Our data revealed that genes related to immune functions such as antibody production and antigen processing were increasingly expressed in tonsil compared with the epithelium of another oropharyngeal site, the gingival epithelium.
  • Importantly, tonsil epithelium highly expressed genes associated with HIV entrapment and/or transmission, including the HIV co-receptor CXCR4 and the potential HIV-binding molecules FcRgammaIII, complement receptor 2, and various complement components.
  • Immunohistochemical staining confirmed the increased presence of CXCR4 in the tonsil epithelium compared with multiple oral epithelial sites, particularly in basal and parabasal layers.
  • Specifically, secretory leukocyte protease inhibitor, an innate molecule with anti-HIV activity, was minimal in the tonsil epithelium, in contrast to oral mucosa.
  • Collectively, our data suggest that increased expression of molecules associated with HIV binding and entry coupled with decreased innate antiviral factors may render the tonsil a potential site for oral transmission.

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  • (PMID = 17620369.001).
  • [ISSN] 0002-9440
  • [Journal-full-title] The American journal of pathology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Am. J. Pathol.
  • [Language] ENG
  • [Grant] United States / Intramural NIH HHS / /
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Intramural
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Antigens, CD; 0 / Antigens, CD19; 0 / Antigens, CD3; 0 / Antigens, CD4; 0 / Cell Adhesion Molecules; 0 / ICAM3 protein, human; 0 / Receptors, CCR5; 0 / Receptors, CXCR4; 0 / SLPI protein, human; 0 / Secretory Leukocyte Peptidase Inhibitor
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC1934526
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35. Mohanty S: Actinomycosis of faucial tonsil masquerading as oropharyngeal malignancy. Indian J Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg; 2006 Jan;58(1):82-4

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Actinomycosis of faucial tonsil masquerading as oropharyngeal malignancy.
  • Lesions in the head and neck are characterized by their varied presentation and their propensity to mimic other diseases.([1]) Here we present a rare case report of actinomycosis of tonsil in an elderly man masquerading as tumour of oropharynx.

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  • (PMID = 23120246.001).
  • [ISSN] 2231-3796
  • [Journal-full-title] Indian journal of otolaryngology and head and neck surgery : official publication of the Association of Otolaryngologists of India
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Indian J Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] India
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC3450608
  • [Keywords] NOTNLM ; Actinomycosis / oropharyngeal malignancy / tonsils
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36. Coromina Isern J, Esteller Moré E: [Current techniques in tonsil surgery]. Acta Otorrinolaringol Esp; 2010 Dec;61 Suppl 1:60-8
MedlinePlus Health Information. consumer health - Tonsillitis.

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] [Current techniques in tonsil surgery].
  • [Transliterated title] Técnicas actuales de cirugía adenoamigdalar en los trastornos respiratorios del sueño de los niños.
  • In recent years, consolidation of tonsillar hypertrophy as the principal surgical procedure has led to the emergence of new techniques.
  • Most aim to reduce volume (tonsillectomy or tonsil reduction).
  • When techniques that reduce tonsil volume are used, the possibility of recurrence of the tonsillar hypertrophy is high if less than 85% of the tonsil is removed.

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  • [Copyright] Copyright © 2010 Elsevier España S.L. All rights reserved.
  • (PMID = 21354496.001).
  • [ISSN] 1988-3013
  • [Journal-full-title] Acta otorrinolaringológica española
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Acta Otorrinolaringol Esp
  • [Language] spa
  • [Publication-type] English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Spain
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37. Howard NS, Brietzke SE: Pediatric tonsil size: objective vs subjective measurements correlated to overnight polysomnogram. Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg; 2009 May;140(5):675-81
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Pediatric tonsil size: objective vs subjective measurements correlated to overnight polysomnogram.
  • OBJECTIVE: To compare subjective and objective tonsil size measurements (weight, volume, intertonsillar distance) along with simple pharyngeal measurements in the prediction of pediatric obstructive sleep apnea hypopnea syndrome (OSAHS) severity.
  • SUBJECTS AND METHODS: Tonsil size (0-4+) and Mallampati/Friedman palate position were subjectively measured.
  • During adenotonsillectomy, tonsil size was objectively measured along with simple pharyngeal dimensions.
  • Objective tonsil weight (Spearman's rho = 0.6143, P = 0.0002), tonsil volume (rho = 0.4960, P = 0.0039), and intertonsillar distance (rho = -0.7559, P < 0.0001) were strongly correlated with subjective tonsil size but not with age, body mass index (BMI), or preoperative apnea-hypopnea index (AHI).
  • Regression modeling demonstrated that only measured tonsil weight (beta = 1.43, P = 0.003), age (beta = -3.21, P = 0.001), and hard palate length (beta = 0.979, P = 0.003) were significant predictors of the preoperative AHI (R(2) = 0.5358).
  • Evaluation of possible outliers indicated tonsil weight was the most robust predictor of preoperative AHI.
  • CONCLUSION: Subjective tonsil size measurements correlate well with objective tonsil volume measurements.
  • However, only objective tonsil measurements were significantly predictive of objective PSG-measured OSAHS severity.
  • [MeSH-major] Palatine Tonsil / anatomy & histology. Polysomnography. Sleep Apnea Syndromes / etiology. Sleep Apnea Syndromes / physiopathology

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  • (PMID = 19393410.001).
  • [ISSN] 0194-5998
  • [Journal-full-title] Otolaryngology--head and neck surgery : official journal of American Academy of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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38. Nadour K, Hemmaoui B, Errami N, Elboukhari A, Attifi H, Touihem N, Aljalil A, Qamouss O, Abrouq A, Azendour B, Dafraoui A: [Tonsillitis tuberculous simulating tonsil cancer: case report]. Rev Laryngol Otol Rhinol (Bord); 2009;130(4-5):301-3
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] [Tonsillitis tuberculous simulating tonsil cancer: case report].
  • [Transliterated title] Amygdalite tuberculeuse simulant un cancer de l'amygdale: à propos d'un cas.
  • Tuberculous of the oral cavity is rare, the attack tonsil remains exceptional.
  • We report case a 25-year-old young male, who consults for an ulceration of the left unilateral tonsil, with a homolateral adenopathy jugulo-carotidien.
  • The examination anatomopathologic of the tonsil biopsy revealed a tuberculous of the tonsil.
  • [MeSH-major] Tonsillitis / microbiology. Tuberculosis / diagnosis
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Antitubercular Agents / therapeutic use. Diagnosis, Differential. Humans. Male. Tonsillar Neoplasms / diagnosis

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  • (PMID = 20597417.001).
  • [ISSN] 0035-1334
  • [Journal-full-title] Revue de laryngologie - otologie - rhinologie
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Rev Laryngol Otol Rhinol (Bord)
  • [Language] fre
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] France
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Antitubercular Agents
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39. Waltonen JD, Ozer E, Schuller DE, Agrawal A: Tonsillectomy vs. deep tonsil biopsies in detecting occult tonsil tumors. Laryngoscope; 2009 Jan;119(1):102-6
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Tonsillectomy vs. deep tonsil biopsies in detecting occult tonsil tumors.
  • OBJECTIVES: To compare the yield of detecting occult tumors by performing tonsillectomy and deep tonsil biopsies in patients with metastatic carcinoma to the neck in whom a primary tumor was not evident on physical examination, radiography, or panendoscopy.
  • METHODS: Over a 10-year period, the charts of all patients diagnosed with metastatic carcinoma to the neck in whom a primary tumor was not evident on examination, imaging, and panendoscopy were reviewed.
  • Specifically, we compared groups of patients who had undergone diagnostic tonsillectomy with those who had undergone deep tonsil biopsies in search of an occult primary tumor.
  • All underwent directed biopsies of the tongue base, hypopharynx, and nasopharynx as well as either deep tonsil biopsies or diagnostic tonsillectomy.
  • Deep tonsil biopsies were performed in 95 patients.
  • In this group, 11 primary tumors were subsequently identified (11.6%): three in the tonsil, six in the tongue base, one in the hypopharynx, and one in the nasopharynx.
  • All tonsil primary tumors identified were ipsilateral to the presenting neck mass.
  • The overall yield of finding an occult primary carcinoma in the tonsil was 3.2% for deep tonsil biopsies vs. 29.6% for tonsillectomies (P < .0002).
  • CONCLUSIONS: Tonsillectomy offers a significantly higher likelihood of finding occult tonsillar tumors than deep tonsil biopsy.
  • [MeSH-major] Biopsy / methods. Tonsillar Neoplasms / secondary. Tonsillectomy
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Aged. Aged, 80 and over. Diagnosis, Differential. Female. Humans. Lymphatic Metastasis. Male. Middle Aged. Neoplasms, Unknown Primary. Retrospective Studies

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  • (PMID = 19117304.001).
  • [ISSN] 1531-4995
  • [Journal-full-title] The Laryngoscope
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Laryngoscope
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Comparative Study; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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40. Raha O, Singh V, Purkayastha P: Lymphangioma tonsil-Rare case study. Indian J Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg; 2005 Oct;57(4):332-4

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Lymphangioma tonsil-Rare case study.
  • Eight year-old boy reported to ENT, OPD with a large swelling in the oral cavity arising from his left tonsil.
  • The mass was excised by transoral approach and histopathological examination proved to be a case of lymphangioma tonsil.

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  • (PMID = 23120211.001).
  • [ISSN] 2231-3796
  • [Journal-full-title] Indian journal of otolaryngology and head and neck surgery : official publication of the Association of Otolaryngologists of India
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Indian J Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] India
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC3451450
  • [Keywords] NOTNLM ; Cavernous / cystic hygroma / histopathological / lymphangioma / tinsil
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41. Vestergaard H, Westergaard T, Wohlfahrt J, Pipper C, Melbye M: Association between intussusception and tonsil disease in childhood. Epidemiology; 2008 Jan;19(1):71-4
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Association between intussusception and tonsil disease in childhood.
  • The present study analyzes whether some children with intussusception subsequently have a higher risk of tonsil disease, suggesting an enhanced tendency to lymphoid hyperplasia.
  • The cohort was followed-up for tonsil disease in the Danish National Patient Registry and the Danish Health Security System.
  • RESULTS: A total of 172 children were identified with tonsil disease following intussusception.
  • The risk of tonsil disease was 48% higher (95% confidence interval = 27%-72%) after intussusception compared with the general population of the same age.
  • Age, sex, age at intussusception, and time since intussusception did not modify risk of tonsil disease.
  • CONCLUSIONS: Intussusception was associated with an increased risk of tonsil disease in childhood.

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  • (PMID = 18090861.001).
  • [ISSN] 1044-3983
  • [Journal-full-title] Epidemiology (Cambridge, Mass.)
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Epidemiology
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] United States
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42. Moutsopoulos NM, Vázquez N, Greenwell-Wild T, Ecevit I, Horn J, Orenstein J, Wahl SM: Regulation of the tonsil cytokine milieu favors HIV susceptibility. J Leukoc Biol; 2006 Nov;80(5):1145-55
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Regulation of the tonsil cytokine milieu favors HIV susceptibility.
  • To dissect the mechanisms underlying susceptibility to HIV in this compartment, isolated tonsil cells were studied for phenotypic and functional characteristics, which may account for their permissiveness to infection.
  • For this, tonsil cells and PBMC were infected in parallel with HIV, and viral replication was monitored by p24 ELISA.
  • Our results demonstrate that unstimulated tonsil cells were more readily infected than PBMC with HIV.
  • Phenotypic characterization of the tonsil cells revealed heterogeneous lymphoid populations but with increased expression of early activation markers and the viral co-receptor CXCR4, relative to PBMC, all of which may contribute to viral susceptibility.
  • Furthermore, the cytokine microenvironment appeared to be key in facilitating HIV infection and tonsil-secreted products enhanced HIV infection in PBMC.
  • Of the cytokines detected in the tonsil supernatants, TH2 cytokines, particularly IL-4, promoted HIV infection and replication.
  • These and other local environmental factors may render tonsil cells increasingly susceptible to HIV infection.
  • [MeSH-major] Cytokines / immunology. HIV Infections / immunology. Palatine Tonsil / immunology. Up-Regulation / immunology

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  • (PMID = 16943383.001).
  • [ISSN] 0741-5400
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of leukocyte biology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Leukoc. Biol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Grant] United States / Intramural NIH HHS / /
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Intramural
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Cytokines; 0 / Receptors, CXCR4; 0 / SOCS1 protein, human; 0 / SOCS3 protein, human; 0 / Suppressor of Cytokine Signaling Proteins
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43. Bhat RV, Prathima K, Harendra Kumar M, Narayana G: Plasmacytoma of tonsil diagnosed by fine-needle aspiration cytology. J Cytol; 2010 Jul;27(3):102-3

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Plasmacytoma of tonsil diagnosed by fine-needle aspiration cytology.
  • Extramedullary plasmacytoma of tonsil is rare.
  • Even though biopsy is necessary for final diagnosis, fine-needle aspiration cytology (FNAC) can provide useful information in the management of such cases.
  • We report a case of plasmacytoma of tonsil diagnosed by FNAC in a 43-year-old man who presented with a swelling in the right tonsillar area.
  • Subsequent histopathological and immunohistochemical studies confirmed the diagnosis of plasmacytoma.
  • This case is reported for the rarity of site for extramedullary plasmacytoma and to highlight the usefulness of FNAC in lesions of tonsil.

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  • (PMID = 21187876.001).
  • [ISSN] 0974-5165
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of cytology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Cytol
  • [Language] ENG
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] India
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC2983074
  • [Keywords] NOTNLM ; FNAC / Plasmacytoma / tonsil
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44. Bothra R, Pai PS, Chaturvedi P, Majeed TA, Singh C, Gujral S, Kane SV: Follicular dendritic cell tumour of tonsil - is it an under-diagnosed entity? Indian J Cancer; 2005 Oct-Dec;42(4):211-4

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Follicular dendritic cell tumour of tonsil - is it an under-diagnosed entity?
  • Tonsil is the most common extra nodal site for occurrence of FDCT in the head and neck region.
  • We describe three cases of follicular dendritic cell tumour occurring in the tonsil.
  • [MeSH-major] Dendritic Cells, Follicular / pathology. Tonsillar Neoplasms / pathology

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  • (PMID = 16391442.001).
  • [ISSN] 0019-509X
  • [Journal-full-title] Indian journal of cancer
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Indian J Cancer
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] India
  • [Number-of-references] 16
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45. Munson PD, Thompson DM, Orvidas LJ: Obstructive lingual tonsil hypertrophy in recurrent thyroglossal duct cyst. Int J Pediatr Otorhinolaryngol; 2007 Dec;71(12):1837-41

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Obstructive lingual tonsil hypertrophy in recurrent thyroglossal duct cyst.
  • The association between recurrent thyroglossal duct cyst (TGDC) and obstructive lingual tonsil hypertrophy has not previously been discussed.
  • The aim of this report is to present the risk factors for recurrence of TGDC and the unique challenge that concurrent lingual tonsil hypertrophy and airway obstruction present to management of patients.
  • [MeSH-major] Cysts / pathology. Palatine Tonsil / pathology. Tongue / pathology

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  • (PMID = 17905446.001).
  • [ISSN] 0165-5876
  • [Journal-full-title] International journal of pediatric otorhinolaryngology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Int. J. Pediatr. Otorhinolaryngol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Ireland
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46. Hamano S, Nakatsu H, Suzuki N, Murakami S: Usefulness of tonsil forceps in radical retropubic prostatectomy. Int J Urol; 2006 Jun;13(6):854-6
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  • [Title] Usefulness of tonsil forceps in radical retropubic prostatectomy.
  • We use tonsil forceps instead of a right-angle clamp to make this important operative step more approachable.

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  • (PMID = 16834683.001).
  • [ISSN] 0919-8172
  • [Journal-full-title] International journal of urology : official journal of the Japanese Urological Association
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Int. J. Urol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Australia
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47. Roeser MM, Alon EE, Olsen KD, Moore EJ, Manduch M, Wismayer DJ: Synchronous bilateral tonsil squamous cell carcinoma. Laryngoscope; 2010;120 Suppl 4:S181
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  • [Title] Synchronous bilateral tonsil squamous cell carcinoma.
  • OBJECTIVE: We discuss the treatment and pathology of simultaneous bilateral metastatic palatine tonsil carcinoma.
  • The current literature of the diagnosis and management of unknown primary oropharyngeal neoplasms is reviewed including the role of positron emission tomography (PET) imaging.
  • STUDY DESIGN: Squamous cell carcinoma (SCCA) of the palatine tonsil typically presents as a unilateral mass in the oropharynx or as a mass in the ipsilateral neck indicating a lymph node involved with metastasis.
  • Simultaneous discontiguous disease involving both palatine tonsils is exceedingly rare with less than five cases reported in the medical literature.
  • METHODS: Case report and literature review RESULTS: This case report involves a 51 year-old male with bilateral palatine tonsil squamous cell carcinoma and bilateral metastatic neck disease.
  • On exam, the site of the primary tumor was suspected to be ipsilateral tonsil.
  • PET scanning demonstrated asymmetric FDG activity in the contralateral palatine tonsil and neck.
  • The patient underwent bilateral transoral robotic-assisted partial oropharyngectomy demonstrating separate tonsillar carcinomas, both of which were HPV positive.
  • CONCLUSIONS: We describe an exceedingly rare case of bilateral simultaneous metastatic palatine tonsil SCCA.
  • This finding raises the question regarding the need for bilateral tonsillectomy in the case of the unknown primary or proven tonsil carcinoma with HPV positivity.
  • [MeSH-major] Carcinoma, Squamous Cell / surgery. Head and Neck Neoplasms / surgery. Neoplasms, Multiple Primary / surgery. Palatine Tonsil. Tonsillar Neoplasms / surgery


48. Wise JB, Sehgal K, Guttenberg M, Shah UK: Ectopic salivary tissue of the tonsil: a case report. Int J Pediatr Otorhinolaryngol; 2005 Apr;69(4):567-71

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Ectopic salivary tissue of the tonsil: a case report.
  • To report one patient with an ectopic salivary tissue tag on the tonsil, and review the embryology, management, and implications of this benign disorder.
  • Ectopic salivary tissue presented on the tonsil of a child as a painless, growing, unilateral pale exophytic mass.
  • Tonsillectomy was performed to provide diagnosis, and was curative.
  • Ectopic salivary tissue of the tonsil is a rare finding.
  • Tonsillectomy allows for definitive diagnosis and treatment.
  • [MeSH-major] Choristoma / pathology. Palatine Tonsil / pathology. Salivary Glands

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  • (PMID = 15763299.001).
  • [ISSN] 0165-5876
  • [Journal-full-title] International journal of pediatric otorhinolaryngology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Int. J. Pediatr. Otorhinolaryngol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Ireland
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49. Russo D, Fantaguzzi CM, Di Guardo G, Clavenzani P, Costerbosa GL, Ligios C, Chiocchetti R: Characterization of sheep (Ovis aries) palatine tonsil innervation. Neuroscience; 2009 Jul 7;161(3):813-26
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  • [Title] Characterization of sheep (Ovis aries) palatine tonsil innervation.
  • Palatine tonsils (PTs), together with ileal Peyer's patches, rank among the first colonization sites for infectious prions.
  • Immunohistochemistry was carried out on tonsil and ganglia cryosections.
  • [MeSH-major] Ganglia, Sensory / anatomy & histology. Ganglia, Sympathetic / anatomy & histology. Palatine Tonsil / innervation. Sheep / anatomy & histology

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  • (PMID = 19364524.001).
  • [ISSN] 1873-7544
  • [Journal-full-title] Neuroscience
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Neuroscience
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / S100 Proteins; 33507-63-0 / Substance P; 83652-28-2 / Calcitonin Gene-Related Peptide; EC 1.14.13.39 / Nitric Oxide Synthase Type I; EC 1.14.16.2 / Tyrosine 3-Monooxygenase; EC 1.14.17.1 / Dopamine beta-Hydroxylase
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50. Pazdrowski J, Piotr P, Kordylewska M, Wegner A, Golusiński P, Golusiński W: Value of intraoperative ultrasonography in tonsil cancer. Rep Pract Oncol Radiother; 2010;15(3):60-3

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Value of intraoperative ultrasonography in tonsil cancer.
  • BACKGROUND: The exact assessment of a tonsil carcinoma's size is often difficult because of the tumour's submucosal extension and deep infiltration.
  • AIM: The aim of the study is to assess the usefulness of intraoperative ultrasonography in tonsil cancer.
  • MATERIAL: Twenty patients with carcinoma of the tonsil were included in the study (squamous cell carcinoma keratosis - 12, squamous cell carcinoma akeratosis - 6, diffuse large B cell lymphoma - 1, neoplasma malignum microcellulare - 1).
  • RESULTS: The difference in the results was statistically significant between palpation examination and intraoperative ultrasonographic examination, between transcutaneous ultrasonographic examination and intraoperative ultrasonographic examination, and between endoscopic ultrasonographic examination and intraoperative ultrasonographic examination in tonsil tumours.
  • Generally, tumour size assessed by intraoperative ultrasonography was more advanced than those assessed by other methods.
  • Intraoperative ultrasonography provides a quick and reliable orientation during resection of tonsil carcinoma.

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  • (PMID = 24376925.001).
  • [ISSN] 1507-1367
  • [Journal-full-title] Reports of practical oncology and radiotherapy : journal of Greatpoland Cancer Center in Poznań and Polish Society of Radiation Oncology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Rep Pract Oncol Radiother
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Netherlands
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC3863279
  • [Keywords] NOTNLM ; Intraoperative ultrasonography (USG) / Tonsil carcinoma
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51. Parvathidevi GK, Belagavi CS, Shivaprakash V, Jyothi Swaroop R: Teratoma of palatine tonsil in a neonate. Indian J Pediatr; 2005 Apr;72(4):367
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Teratoma of palatine tonsil in a neonate.
  • Among many causes of respiratory distress and feeding difficulties in the neonatal period, a tumor involving oropharyngeal region is very rare.
  • But still rarer is the unique presentation of this case of teratoma tonsil with intermittent attacks of choking with cyanosis.
  • [MeSH-major] Palatine Tonsil. Teratoma / congenital. Tonsillar Neoplasms / congenital

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  • (PMID = 15876774.001).
  • [ISSN] 0973-7693
  • [Journal-full-title] Indian journal of pediatrics
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Indian J Pediatr
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] India
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52. Verma SP, Stoddard T, Gonzalez-Gomez I, Koempel JA: Histologic analysis of pediatric tonsil and adenoid specimens: is it really necessary? Int J Pediatr Otorhinolaryngol; 2009 Apr;73(4):547-50
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Histologic analysis of pediatric tonsil and adenoid specimens: is it really necessary?
  • The pathology records of 2062 children who underwent tonsil or adenoid surgery were analyzed and the final histologic diagnosis was recorded.
  • RESULTS: Four unexpected histologic findings were found on routine tonsil and adenoid specimens.
  • [MeSH-major] Adenoids / pathology. Biopsy / economics. Incidental Findings. Palatine Tonsil / pathology
  • [MeSH-minor] Adenoidectomy / economics. Adolescent. Child. Child, Preschool. Costs and Cost Analysis. Diagnosis, Differential. Female. Hospitals, Pediatric. Humans. Incidence. Infant. Male. Retrospective Studies. Tonsillectomy / economics. United States

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  • (PMID = 19193449.001).
  • [ISSN] 1872-8464
  • [Journal-full-title] International journal of pediatric otorhinolaryngology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Int. J. Pediatr. Otorhinolaryngol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Ireland
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53. Szczepański M, Gryko A, Kamianowska M, Dziecioł J: [The prolipherative and proapoptotic activity of limfoid nodules cells in the hypertrophic pharyngeal tonsil]. Pol Merkur Lekarski; 2008 Dec;25(150):484-8
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  • [Title] [The prolipherative and proapoptotic activity of limfoid nodules cells in the hypertrophic pharyngeal tonsil].
  • THE AIM OF THE STUDY: To estimation of expression of chosen proliferative and proapoptotic proteins in lymphoid follicles and extra-follicular region of pharyngeal tonsil.
  • MATERIAL AND METHODS: Histochemical examination of chosen proapoptotic (p53, Bax) and proliferative (Ki-67, PCNA) proteins in adenoidectomised pharyngeal tonsil was done.
  • Similarly, maximal expression of proapoptotic proteins was in germinal centers of tonsil lymphoid follicles, the least in the mantle zone.
  • [MeSH-minor] Cell Proliferation. Humans. Hypertrophy / immunology. Hypertrophy / pathology. Ki-67 Antigen / metabolism. Proliferating Cell Nuclear Antigen / metabolism. Tumor Suppressor Protein p53 / metabolism. bcl-2-Associated X Protein / metabolism

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  • (PMID = 19205378.001).
  • [ISSN] 1426-9686
  • [Journal-full-title] Polski merkuriusz lekarski : organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Pol. Merkur. Lekarski
  • [Language] pol
  • [Publication-type] English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Poland
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Ki-67 Antigen; 0 / Proliferating Cell Nuclear Antigen; 0 / Tumor Suppressor Protein p53; 0 / bcl-2-Associated X Protein
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54. Isaacson G, Parikh T: Developmental anatomy of the tonsil and its implications for intracapsular tonsillectomy. Int J Pediatr Otorhinolaryngol; 2008 Jan;72(1):89-96
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Developmental anatomy of the tonsil and its implications for intracapsular tonsillectomy.
  • OBJECTIVE: To describe the developmental anatomy of the human tonsil from the embryonic period through adulthood and to use this information to define the applicability of intracapsular tonsillectomy in the management of disease.
  • During the phase of maximum tonsillar hyperplasia, the lymphoid elements proliferate rapidly, increasing tonsillar bulk.
  • The overall bulk of the tonsil is much decreased.
  • CONCLUSIONS: There is an intimate relationship between the epithelial and lymphoid components of the tonsil which continues through life.
  • To adequately control upper airway obstruction of tonsillar origin and recurrent tonsillar infection in childhood, total or near total intracapsular tonsillectomy likely will prove the minimum acceptable surgical intervention.
  • Changes in tonsillar anatomy after the first decade may alter operative choice in older patients.
  • [MeSH-major] Palatine Tonsil / anatomy & histology. Tonsillectomy / methods

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  • (PMID = 17996953.001).
  • [ISSN] 0165-5876
  • [Journal-full-title] International journal of pediatric otorhinolaryngology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Int. J. Pediatr. Otorhinolaryngol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Ireland
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55. Januszkiewicz A, Klaude M, Loré K, Andersson J, Ringdén O, Rooyackers O, Wernerman J: Determination of in vivo protein synthesis in human palatine tonsil. Clin Sci (Lond); 2005 Feb;108(2):179-84

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Determination of in vivo protein synthesis in human palatine tonsil.
  • The palatine tonsils are constantly exposed to ingested or inhaled antigens which, in turn, lead to a permanent activation of tonsillar immune cells, even in a basic physiological state.
  • The aim of the present study was to investigate if the immunological activation of the human palatine tonsil is reflected by a high metabolic activity, as determined by in vivo measurement of protein synthesis.
  • The protein synthesis rate of the tonsil was also compared with that of the circulating T-lymphocytes, the total blood mononuclear cells and the whole population of blood leucocytes.
  • Phenotypic characterization of immune-competent cells in tonsil tissue and blood was performed by flow cytometry.
  • Pinch tonsil biopsies were taken after induction of anaesthesia in healthy adult patients (n=12) scheduled for ear surgery, uvulopalatopharyngoplasty or nose surgery.
  • The in vivo protein synthesis rate in the palatine tonsils was 22.8+/-5.7%/24 h (mean+/-S.D.
  • CD3+ lymphocytes were the most abundant cell population in the tonsil.
  • [MeSH-major] Leukocytes / metabolism. Palatine Tonsil / metabolism. Protein Biosynthesis / immunology

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  • (PMID = 15535800.001).
  • [ISSN] 0143-5221
  • [Journal-full-title] Clinical science (London, England : 1979)
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Clin. Sci.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Antigens, CD; 0 / HLA-DR Antigens
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56. Naidu SI, Vieira F, Samant S, Vang MC, Wan AY, Robbins TK: Targeted intra-arterial chemoradiation for advanced tonsil cancer. Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg; 2005 Dec;133(6):882-7
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  • [Title] Targeted intra-arterial chemoradiation for advanced tonsil cancer.
  • OBJECTIVES: To determine the effects of combined radiation and targeted, intra-arterial (IA) cisplatin infusions (RADPLAT) in patients with advanced squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) of the tonsil.
  • STUDY DESIGN AND SETTING: Prospective study of treatment outcomes and toxicity of patients enrolled on the RADPLAT protocol, with specific analysis of patients with advanced SCC of the tonsil.
  • RESULTS: Thirty patients with advanced tonsil carcinoma (17 T(4), 12 T(3), 1 T(2)) were enrolled, and 24 of 30 patients completed at least 3 IA cisplatin infusions and a minimum of 63 Gy or radiation therapy (minimum therapy).
  • CONCLUSIONS: Locoregional disease control achieved with this regimen appears to be significantly improved over that described in the literature for similarly staged tonsil cancer.
  • [MeSH-major] Antineoplastic Agents / therapeutic use. Carcinoma, Squamous Cell / drug therapy. Carcinoma, Squamous Cell / radiotherapy. Cisplatin / therapeutic use. Tonsillar Neoplasms / drug therapy. Tonsillar Neoplasms / radiotherapy
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Aged. Biopsy. Female. Follow-Up Studies. Humans. Infusions, Intra-Arterial. Male. Middle Aged. Neoplasm Staging. Prospective Studies. Radiotherapy, Adjuvant. Survival Rate. Treatment Outcome

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  • (PMID = 16360508.001).
  • [ISSN] 0194-5998
  • [Journal-full-title] Otolaryngology--head and neck surgery : official journal of American Academy of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Comparative Study; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Antineoplastic Agents; Q20Q21Q62J / Cisplatin
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57. Astegiano S, Terlizzi ME, Elia M, Cavallo GP, Costa C, Cavallo R, Bergallo M: Prevalence of polyomaviruses BK, JC, SV40, KI, and WU in non-malignant tonsil specimens. Minerva Med; 2010 Dec;101(6):385-9
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Prevalence of polyomaviruses BK, JC, SV40, KI, and WU in non-malignant tonsil specimens.
  • Herein we investigated the occurrence of KIV and WUV in non-malignant tonsillar specimens by Real-time quantitative PCR; the presence of polyomaviruses BK, JC and SV40-DNA was also evaluated.
  • METHODS: Twenty-nine non-malignant tonsil specimens obtained from children and adults admitted for tonsillectomy were prospectively studied.
  • RESULTS: KI-DNA was positive in 2/29 tonsillar specimens (6.9%), while BK- DNA, JC-DNA, SV-40 DNA, and WU-DNA sequences were not identified.
  • CONCLUSION: Few studies have investigated the prevalence of polyomaviruses in tonsil specimens, with varying results, and data are particularly scant as regards the newly discovered KIV and WUV.
  • Two major questions remain to be definitely answered at this regard: the possibility that human tonsils represent the initial site of infection and/or a latency site and the biological and clinical meaning of KIV and WUV in different contexts and groups of patients, in that it is not clear whether they are simple bystanders or play a role in tonsil disease.
  • [MeSH-major] Palatine Tonsil / virology. Polyomavirus / isolation & purification

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  • (PMID = 21196897.001).
  • [ISSN] 0026-4806
  • [Journal-full-title] Minerva medica
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Minerva Med.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Italy
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / DNA, Viral
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58. Abbot EL, Smith WD, Siou GP, Chiriboga C, Smith RJ, Wilson JA, Hirst BH, Kehoe MA: Pili mediate specific adhesion of Streptococcus pyogenes to human tonsil and skin. Cell Microbiol; 2007 Jul;9(7):1822-33
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Pili mediate specific adhesion of Streptococcus pyogenes to human tonsil and skin.
  • Using various ex vivo tissue and cellular models, here we show that pili mediate adhesion of serotype M1 S. pyogenes strain SF370 to both human tonsil epithelium and primary human keratinocytes, which represent the two main sites of infection by this human-specific pathogen.
  • Adhering bacteria were internalized very effectively by both HEp-2 and A549 cells, but not by tonsil epithelium or primary keratinocytes.
  • While pili acted as the primary adhesin, the surface M1 protein clearly enhanced adhesion to tonsil, but surprisingly, had the opposite effect on adhesion to keratinocytes.
  • [MeSH-major] Bacterial Adhesion. Fimbriae, Bacterial / physiology. Palatine Tonsil / microbiology. Skin / microbiology. Streptococcus pyogenes / pathogenicity

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  • (PMID = 17359232.001).
  • [ISSN] 1462-5814
  • [Journal-full-title] Cellular microbiology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Cell. Microbiol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Grant] United Kingdom / Medical Research Council / / G0400849; United Kingdom / Wellcome Trust / / 067310
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] England
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59. Wells GA, Spiropoulos J, Hawkins SA, Ryder SJ: Pathogenesis of experimental bovine spongiform encephalopathy: preclinical infectivity in tonsil and observations on the distribution of lingual tonsil in slaughtered cattle. Vet Rec; 2005 Mar 26;156(13):401-7

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Pathogenesis of experimental bovine spongiform encephalopathy: preclinical infectivity in tonsil and observations on the distribution of lingual tonsil in slaughtered cattle.
  • In addition to the infectivity in the central nervous system and distal ileum at stages of pathogenesis previously indicated by mouse bioassay, traces of infectivity were found in the palatine tonsil of cattle killed 10 months after exposure.
  • Because the infectivity may therefore be present throughout the tonsils in cattle infected with BSE, observations were made of the anatomical and histological distribution of lingual tonsil in the root of the tongue of cattle.
  • Examinations of tongues derived from abattoirs in Britain and intended for human consumption showed that macroscopically identifiable tonsillar tissue was present in more than 75 per cent of them, and even in the tongues in which no visible tonsillar tissue remained, histological examination revealed lymphoid tissue in more than 90 per cent.
  • Variations in the distribution of the lingual tonsil suggested that even after the most rigorous trimming of the root of the tongue, traces of tonsillar tissue may remain.
  • [MeSH-major] Encephalopathy, Bovine Spongiform / pathology. Palatine Tonsil / microbiology. Tongue / microbiology

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  • (PMID = 15816193.001).
  • [ISSN] 0042-4900
  • [Journal-full-title] The Veterinary record
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Vet. Rec.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] England
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60. Wang JH, Chung YS, Jang YJ, Lee BJ: Palatine tonsil size and its correlation with subjective tonsil size in patients with sleep-disordered breathing. Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg; 2009 Dec;141(6):716-21
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Palatine tonsil size and its correlation with subjective tonsil size in patients with sleep-disordered breathing.
  • OBJECTIVE: To investigate the correlation of subjective tonsil size with real palatine tonsil size and to compare the differences of each parameter according to subjective tonsil size and between children and adults.
  • STUDY DESIGN: Prospective evaluation of subjective tonsil size (0-4+) and real palatine tonsil size, including tonsil height (TH), tonsil width (TW), tonsil thickness (TT), total tonsil volume (TTV), and embedded tonsil volume (ETV) within the tonsillar fossa.
  • RESULTS: In both children and adults, subjective tonsil size was significantly correlated with TTV, TH, TW, and TT (correlation coefficients 0.199-0.427 for children and 0.462-0.551 for adults).
  • In children, TTV increased in proportion to subjective tonsil size, but about 45 percent and 34 percent of tonsils markedly deviated from the mean value of their TTV in size 2 and 3 groups, respectively.
  • In adults, TTV of subjective tonsil size 3 and 4 groups was significantly larger than that of size 1 and 2 groups.
  • CONCLUSIONS: Real palatine tonsil size correlated with subjective tonsil size in both children and adults with SDB.
  • Although there is a statistical correlation in children between TTV and subjective tonsil size, there is significant discordance in size 2 and 3 groups, thus greatly limiting the value of subjective tonsil size assessment in the majority of children.
  • However, adult subjective tonsil size may reflect real palatine tonsil size and may help predict it preoperatively.
  • [MeSH-major] Palatine Tonsil / pathology. Sleep Apnea Syndromes / pathology

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  • [CommentIn] Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2010 Jun;142(6):921-2; author reply 922 [20493376.001]
  • (PMID = 19932843.001).
  • [ISSN] 1097-6817
  • [Journal-full-title] Otolaryngology--head and neck surgery : official journal of American Academy of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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61. Osuch-Wójcikiewicz E, Rzepakowska A, Bruzgielewicz A, Wieczorek J: [Follicular (nodular) non Hodgkin's lymphoma of tonsil--case report]. Otolaryngol Pol; 2007;61(2):203-6
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  • [Title] [Follicular (nodular) non Hodgkin's lymphoma of tonsil--case report].
  • INTRODUCTION: Non Hodgkin's lymphomas quite often present in the head and neck region and after squamous cell carcinoma are the second most common neoplasm of this area.
  • The most predominant localization for extranodal NHL in the head and neck region is the tonsil.
  • MATERIAL AND METHODS: The authors presented the case of primary extranodal non Hodgkin's lymphoma of the right tonsil in patient with the long history of chronic tonsillitis and after bilateral tonsillectomy.
  • The affected tonsil together with enlarged lymph node was surgically removed.
  • [MeSH-major] Lung Neoplasms / therapy. Lymphoma, Follicular / therapy. Lymphoma, Non-Hodgkin / therapy. Neoplasms, Second Primary / therapy. Tonsillar Neoplasms / therapy
  • [MeSH-minor] Aged, 80 and over. Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols / therapeutic use. Bronchoscopy. Combined Modality Therapy / methods. Female. Humans. Palatine Tonsil / radiography. Palatine Tonsil / surgery. Remission Induction. Tomography, X-Ray Computed. Treatment Outcome

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  • (PMID = 17668812.001).
  • [ISSN] 0030-6657
  • [Journal-full-title] Otolaryngologia polska = The Polish otolaryngology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Otolaryngol Pol
  • [Language] pol
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Poland
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62. Martinho FL, Zonato AI, Bittencourt LR, Soares MC, Silva RF, Gregório LC, Tufik S: Obese obstructive sleep apnea patients with tonsil hypertrophy submitted to tonsillectomy. Braz J Med Biol Res; 2006 Aug;39(8):1137-42
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  • [Title] Obese obstructive sleep apnea patients with tonsil hypertrophy submitted to tonsillectomy.
  • Therefore, the aim of the present study was to evaluate the results of tonsillectomy in a specific group of patients, i.e., obese OSAHS patients with tonsil hypertrophy.
  • Seven OSAHS patients with moderate obesity with obstructive palatine tonsil hypertrophy were submitted to tonsillectomy.
  • Tonsillectomy treatment for OSAHS in obese patients with obstructive palatine tonsil hypertrophy caused a significant reduction in AHI, with improvement in SaO2 min.
  • This procedure could be eventually considered as an option of treatment for obese OSAHS patients with significant tonsil hypertrophy when continuous positive air pressure therapy is not possible as the first choice of treatment.

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  • (PMID = 16906289.001).
  • [ISSN] 0100-879X
  • [Journal-full-title] Brazilian journal of medical and biological research = Revista brasileira de pesquisas medicas e biologicas
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Braz. J. Med. Biol. Res.
  • [Language] ENG
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] Brazil
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Oxyhemoglobins
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63. Qin Y, Shi YK, He XH, Yang JL, Yang S, Yu YX, Li B, Wang QL, Zhou LQ, Sun Y: [Clinical features of 89 patients with primary non-Hodgkin's lymphoma of the tonsil]. Ai Zheng; 2006 Apr;25(4):481-5
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] [Clinical features of 89 patients with primary non-Hodgkin's lymphoma of the tonsil].
  • BACKGROUND & OBJECTIVE: Head and neck lymphoma develops predominantly in the tonsil.
  • This study was to investigate the clinical features of primary non-Hodgkin's lymphoma (NHL) of the tonsil, and to explore possible ways to improve the prognosis and quality of life of the patients after treatment.
  • METHODS: Clinical data of 89 naive patients with NHL of the tonsil, treated from May 1990 to Jan.
  • CONCLUSIONS: Most patients with NHL of the tonsil are at early stages, with good prognosis.
  • [MeSH-major] Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols / therapeutic use. Lymphoma, Non-Hodgkin. Tonsillar Neoplasms
  • [MeSH-minor] Adolescent. Adult. Aged. Child. Combined Modality Therapy. Cyclophosphamide / therapeutic use. Disease-Free Survival. Doxorubicin / therapeutic use. Drug Resistance, Neoplasm. Female. Follow-Up Studies. Humans. Lymphoma, Large B-Cell, Diffuse / drug therapy. Lymphoma, Large B-Cell, Diffuse / pathology. Lymphoma, Large B-Cell, Diffuse / radiotherapy. Lymphoma, T-Cell, Peripheral / drug therapy. Lymphoma, T-Cell, Peripheral / pathology. Lymphoma, T-Cell, Peripheral / radiotherapy. Male. Middle Aged. Neoplasm Recurrence, Local. Neoplasm Staging. Prednisone / therapeutic use. Quality of Life. Retrospective Studies. Survival Rate. Vincristine / therapeutic use. Young Adult

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  • (PMID = 16613685.001).
  • [Journal-full-title] Ai zheng = Aizheng = Chinese journal of cancer
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Ai Zheng
  • [Language] chi
  • [Publication-type] English Abstract; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] China
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 5J49Q6B70F / Vincristine; 80168379AG / Doxorubicin; 8N3DW7272P / Cyclophosphamide; VB0R961HZT / Prednisone; CHOP protocol
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64. Mowry SE, Ament M, Shapiro NL: Lingual tonsil hypertrophy causing severe dysphagia: treatment with plasma-mediated radiofrequency-based ablation (Coblation). Ear Nose Throat J; 2010 Mar;89(3):134-6
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Lingual tonsil hypertrophy causing severe dysphagia: treatment with plasma-mediated radiofrequency-based ablation (Coblation).
  • Lingual tonsil hypertrophy is an uncommon cause of upper aerodigestive tract pathology.
  • We present the case of a 17-year-old boy who developed severe dysphagia and subsequent weight loss as a result of lingual tonsil hypertrophy.
  • In the past, traditional surgical procedures for lingual tonsil hypertrophy were difficult to perform and recovery was difficult, but the introduction of Coblation has made lingual tonsillectomy much easier.
  • [MeSH-major] Ablation Techniques. Deglutition Disorders / etiology. Laser Therapy / instrumentation. Palatine Tonsil / pathology. Palatine Tonsil / surgery

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  • (PMID = 20229480.001).
  • [ISSN] 1942-7522
  • [Journal-full-title] Ear, nose, & throat journal
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Ear Nose Throat J
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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65. Ruan LX, Zhou SH, Wang SQ: Palatine tonsil schwannoma: correlation between clinicopathology and computed tomography features. J Int Med Res; 2008 Sep-Oct;36(5):1140-7
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  • [Title] Palatine tonsil schwannoma: correlation between clinicopathology and computed tomography features.
  • We describe the case of a 37-year old male who presented with a schwannoma in his right palatine tonsil.
  • The tumour and tonsil were surgically removed transorally.
  • Tonsillar schwannomas are slow growing, and the main symptoms were a foreign body feeling in the throat, dysphagia and snoring.
  • The presence of a round, well-defined mass lesion with heterogeneous density on computed tomography (CT) may aid in differentiation from other tonsillar tumours.
  • The CT findings in the reported case were different to those of schwannomas in other locations; the particular CT manifestations of tonsillar schwannomas seem to relate to the various pathological changes seen within the tumour.
  • [MeSH-major] Neurilemmoma / diagnostic imaging. Neurilemmoma / pathology. Palatine Tonsil / diagnostic imaging. Palatine Tonsil / pathology

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  • (PMID = 18831913.001).
  • [ISSN] 0300-0605
  • [Journal-full-title] The Journal of international medical research
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Int. Med. Res.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] England
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66. Min M, Ma C, Jin B, Xu J, Zhou Y, Gan X: [Immunologic function of palatine tonsil B lymphocyte]. Lin Chung Er Bi Yan Hou Tou Jing Wai Ke Za Zhi; 2009 Apr;23(7):311-2, 315

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] [Immunologic function of palatine tonsil B lymphocyte].
  • OBJECTIVE: To study cellular immune function of palatine tonsil B lymph cell.
  • METHOD: The phenotype of palatine tonsil cells (PTC) and that of peripheral blood mononuclear cell (PBMC) were compared using fluorescence staining and flow cytometry (FCM) analysis, then immunomagnetic beads were used to separate CD3- cell in PTC and PBMC.
  • [MeSH-major] B-Lymphocytes / immunology. B-Lymphocytes / metabolism. Palatine Tonsil / immunology

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  • (PMID = 19670610.001).
  • [ISSN] 1001-1781
  • [Journal-full-title] Lin chuang er bi yan hou tou jing wai ke za zhi = Journal of clinical otorhinolaryngology, head, and neck surgery
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Lin Chung Er Bi Yan Hou Tou Jing Wai Ke Za Zhi
  • [Language] chi
  • [Publication-type] Comparative Study; English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] China
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Antigens, CD20
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67. Suhail Z, Musani MA, Afaq S, Zafar A, Ahmed Ashrafi SK: Follicular dendritic cell sarcoma of tonsil. J Coll Physicians Surg Pak; 2010 Jan;20(1):55-6
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  • [Title] Follicular dendritic cell sarcoma of tonsil.
  • So far only 12 cases have been reported world wide with involvement of tonsil.
  • We present a new case of follicular dendritic cell sarcoma of the tonsil in a 52 years old woman with no evidence of neck node involvement.
  • She had undergone diagnostic tonsillectomy due to unilateral tonsillar enlargement.
  • The final diagnosis after histological review and immunohistochemical stains was follicular dendritic cell sarcoma.
  • Follicular dendritic cell sarcoma is a rare and underdiagnosed neoplasm.
  • It should be included in the differential diagnosis of any tonsillar mass in adults.
  • Follicular dendritic cell markers such as SR-100, CD21 and/or CD35 are essential for the diagnosis.
  • [MeSH-major] Dendritic Cells, Follicular / pathology. Sarcoma / pathology. Tonsillar Neoplasms / pathology
  • [MeSH-minor] Biomarkers, Tumor / metabolism. Female. Humans. Immunohistochemistry. Middle Aged

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  • (PMID = 20141695.001).
  • [ISSN] 1022-386X
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of the College of Physicians and Surgeons--Pakistan : JCPSP
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Coll Physicians Surg Pak
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Pakistan
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Biomarkers, Tumor
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68. Sturm-O'Brien AK, Hicks JM, Giannoni CM, Sulek M, Friedman EM: Optimal utilization of histopathologic analysis of tonsil and adenoid specimens in the pediatric population. Int J Pediatr Otorhinolaryngol; 2010 Feb;74(2):161-3
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Optimal utilization of histopathologic analysis of tonsil and adenoid specimens in the pediatric population.
  • OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the optimal utilization of histopathologic analysis of tonsil and adenoid specimens in the pediatric population.
  • METHODS: A retrospective review was performed on 7837 tonsil and adenoid specimens submitted from January 2004 to April 2008.
  • [MeSH-major] Adenoids / pathology. Palatine Tonsil / pathology
  • [MeSH-minor] Adenoidectomy. Adolescent. Biopsy. Child. Child, Preschool. Female. Humans. Hypertrophy / epidemiology. Hypertrophy / pathology. Infant. Male. Retrospective Studies. Tonsillar Neoplasms / epidemiology. Tonsillar Neoplasms / pathology. Tonsillectomy

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  • [Copyright] Copyright (c) 2009 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved.
  • (PMID = 19944467.001).
  • [ISSN] 1872-8464
  • [Journal-full-title] International journal of pediatric otorhinolaryngology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Int. J. Pediatr. Otorhinolaryngol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Ireland
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69. Kim SY, Kang JH, Chun SH, Chang MH, Kim YS, Lee SN, Kim MS, Kang CS: Interdigitating dendritic cell sarcoma of the tonsil. Asia Pac J Clin Oncol; 2010 Sep;6(3):144-8
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  • [Title] Interdigitating dendritic cell sarcoma of the tonsil.
  • Interdigitating dendritic cell sarcoma (IDCS) is an extremely rare malignancy derived from antigen-presenting cells, with 55 cases reported thus far.
  • This report describes a 56-year-old female who presented with right tonsillar enlargement and right submandibular swelling for 6 months.
  • Fine needle aspiration of the tonsil revealed no malignant cells.
  • Based on microscopic findings, immunohistochemical stains, and review of the literature, the present case was finally diagnosed as IDCS of the tonsil with cervical lymph node involvement.
  • [MeSH-major] Dendritic Cell Sarcoma, Interdigitating / pathology. Tonsillar Neoplasms / pathology

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  • (PMID = 20887493.001).
  • [ISSN] 1743-7563
  • [Journal-full-title] Asia-Pacific journal of clinical oncology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Asia Pac J Clin Oncol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Australia
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 5J49Q6B70F / Vincristine; 80168379AG / Doxorubicin; 8N3DW7272P / Cyclophosphamide; VB0R961HZT / Prednisone; CHOP protocol
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70. He S, Xie H: Modulation of tryptase release from human tonsil mast cells by protease inhibitors. Pharmacol Rep; 2005 Jul-Aug;57(4):523-30

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Modulation of tryptase release from human tonsil mast cells by protease inhibitors.
  • METHODS: Enzymatically dispersed cells from human tonsil were challenged with anti-IgE or calcium ionophore A23187 (CI) in the absence or presence of the tryptase and chymase inhibitors, and tryptase and histamine release was determined.
  • RESULTS: IgE-dependent tryptase release from dispersed tonsil mast cells was inhibited by a maximum of approximately 35.5% and 35.7% by N-alpha-p-tosyl-L-lysine chloromethyl ketone (TLCK) and N-tosyl-L-phenylalanyl chloromethyl ketone (TPCK), respectively.
  • Protamine showed dual action on tryptase release from tonsil mast cells.
  • The concentration-dependent inhibition of anti-IgE and CI-induced release of histamine from tonsil mast cells was also observed with TLCK, TPCK and protamine.
  • At the concentrations tested, TLCK and TPCK by themselves did not stimulate tryptase and histamine release from tonsil mast cells.
  • CONCLUSION: It was demonstrated that protease inhibitors were able to inhibit IgE-dependent tryptase release from human tonsil mast cells, which suggests strongly that they can be developed to a novel class of anti-inflammatory drugs to treat allergic conditions in man.
  • [MeSH-major] Mast Cells / drug effects. Palatine Tonsil / cytology. Protease Inhibitors / pharmacology. Tryptases / secretion

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  • (PMID = 16129920.001).
  • [ISSN] 1734-1140
  • [Journal-full-title] Pharmacological reports : PR
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Pharmacol Rep
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] Poland
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Antibodies, Anti-Idiotypic; 0 / Ionophores; 0 / Protease Inhibitors; 0 / anti-IgE antibodies; 2104-86-1 / Tosyllysine Chloromethyl Ketone; 37341-29-0 / Immunoglobulin E; 37H9VM9WZL / Calcimycin; 402-71-1 / Tosylphenylalanyl Chloromethyl Ketone; EC 3.4.21.39 / Chymases; EC 3.4.21.59 / Tryptases
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71. Albers AE, Hummel M, Keilholz U, Tzamalis G: [Simultaneous squamous cell carcinoma and follicular lymphoma of the tonsil]. HNO; 2010 Dec;58(12):1192-6
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] [Simultaneous squamous cell carcinoma and follicular lymphoma of the tonsil].
  • [Transliterated title] Simultanes Plattenepithelkarzinom und follikuläres Lymphom der Tonsille.
  • Squamous cell carcinoma of the head and neck is the most common neoplasia in the head and neck area followed by malignant lymphoma.
  • Here we describe for the first time the synchronous manifestation of a squamous cell carcinoma and a follicular lymphoma of the palatine tonsil.
  • [MeSH-major] Carcinoma, Squamous Cell / diagnosis. Lymphoma, Follicular / diagnosis. Neoplasms, Multiple Primary / diagnosis. Tonsillar Neoplasms / diagnosis
  • [MeSH-minor] Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols / therapeutic use. Biomarkers, Tumor / analysis. Cell Division / physiology. Endoscopy. Female. Humans. Lymphatic Metastasis / pathology. Middle Aged. Neck Dissection. Neoplasm Staging. Tomography, X-Ray Computed. Tonsillectomy

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  • (PMID = 20464363.001).
  • [ISSN] 1433-0458
  • [Journal-full-title] HNO
  • [ISO-abbreviation] HNO
  • [Language] ger
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; English Abstract; Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] Germany
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Biomarkers, Tumor
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72. Junquera L, Gallego L, Torre A, Hernando J, Fresno MF: Synchronous oral squamous cell carcinoma and extramedullary plasmacytoma of the tonsil. Oral Surg Oral Med Oral Pathol Oral Radiol Endod; 2009 Sep;108(3):413-6
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  • [Title] Synchronous oral squamous cell carcinoma and extramedullary plasmacytoma of the tonsil.
  • The maxillary sinus mass proved to be radioresistant, with distant metastasis of EP in the tonsil and thoracic skin.
  • [MeSH-major] Carcinoma, Squamous Cell / pathology. Maxillary Sinus Neoplasms / pathology. Mouth Neoplasms / pathology. Neoplasms, Multiple Primary / pathology. Plasmacytoma / pathology. Tonsillar Neoplasms / pathology

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  • (PMID = 19570691.001).
  • [ISSN] 1528-395X
  • [Journal-full-title] Oral surgery, oral medicine, oral pathology, oral radiology, and endodontics
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Oral Surg Oral Med Oral Pathol Oral Radiol Endod
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Antigens, CD19; 0 / Immunoglobulin kappa-Chains; 0 / Syndecan-1; EC 3.1.3.48 / Antigens, CD45; EC 3.2.2.5 / Antigens, CD38
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73. Yaqoob N, Ahmed Z, Husain A: Heterotopic glial tissue in tonsil: a case report. J Pak Med Assoc; 2005 Nov;55(11):507-8

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Heterotopic glial tissue in tonsil: a case report.
  • We describe a six month old boy with a mass in the left tonsil.
  • [MeSH-major] Choristoma / pathology. Neuroglia / pathology. Palatine Tonsil / pathology. Soft Tissue Neoplasms / pathology. Tonsillar Neoplasms / pathology

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  • (PMID = 16304874.001).
  • [ISSN] 0030-9982
  • [Journal-full-title] JPMA. The Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Pak Med Assoc
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Pakistan
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Glial Fibrillary Acidic Protein
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74. Maher DM, Zhang ZQ, Schacker TW, Southern PJ: Ex vivo modeling of oral HIV transmission in human palatine tonsil. J Histochem Cytochem; 2005 May;53(5):631-42
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Ex vivo modeling of oral HIV transmission in human palatine tonsil.
  • By using human palatine tonsil from routine tonsillectomies and semen from HIV-positive donors, we have created an experimental equivalent to oral HIV transmission.
  • HIV infection was readily transferred into tonsillar lymphocytes, but this transmission into lymphocytes was dramatically reduced when the exposed lymphocyte populations were protected by intact mucosal surfaces.
  • [MeSH-major] HIV Infections / transmission. Palatine Tonsil / virology

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  • (PMID = 15872056.001).
  • [ISSN] 0022-1554
  • [Journal-full-title] The journal of histochemistry and cytochemistry : official journal of the Histochemistry Society
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Histochem. Cytochem.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Grant] United States / NIDCR NIH HHS / DE / DE-12934; United States / NIDCR NIH HHS / DE / DE-15090
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.
  • [Publication-country] United States
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75. Sakai Y, Ikeya J, Morita I, Sato K: Extramedullary plasmacytoma of the tonsil diagnosed by fine-needle aspiration cytology. Ann Diagn Pathol; 2008 Feb;12(1):41-3

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Extramedullary plasmacytoma of the tonsil diagnosed by fine-needle aspiration cytology.
  • A case of tonsillar extramedullary plasmacytoma in a 53-year-old man with a complaint of lump sensation in the throat is presented.
  • Examination of the oral cavity showed enlargement of the left tonsil.
  • Magnetic resonance imaging demonstrated a solid mass, measuring 3.2 x 2.0 x 3.8 cm, in the left tonsil.
  • A cytologic diagnosis of plasmacytoma was made.
  • Although the diagnosis of plasmacytoma on cytologic smear may be difficult, in the current case, fine-needle aspiration cytology provided a rapid and accurate diagnosis.
  • [MeSH-major] Biopsy, Fine-Needle / methods. Plasmacytoma / pathology. Tonsillar Neoplasms / pathology
  • [MeSH-minor] Biomarkers, Tumor / analysis. Humans. Magnetic Resonance Imaging. Male. Middle Aged. Palatine Tonsil / chemistry. Palatine Tonsil / pathology. Palatine Tonsil / surgery. Plasma Cells / pathology

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  • (PMID = 18164414.001).
  • [ISSN] 1092-9134
  • [Journal-full-title] Annals of diagnostic pathology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Ann Diagn Pathol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Biomarkers, Tumor
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76. Cohen MA, Basha SR, Reichenbach DK, Robertson E, Sewell DA: Increased viral load correlates with improved survival in HPV-16-associated tonsil carcinoma patients. Acta Otolaryngol; 2008 May;128(5):583-9

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Increased viral load correlates with improved survival in HPV-16-associated tonsil carcinoma patients.
  • CONCLUSION: Our results indicate that viral load may serve as an independent prognostic indicator for patients with HPV-16-associated squamous cell carcinoma of the tonsil.
  • OBJECTIVE: HPV-16 has gained increasing attention as a possible causative agent for squamous cell carcinoma of the tonsil.
  • Recent reports have indicated that the viral load within the tumor, along with other factors, may be correlated to the patient survival.
  • PATIENTS AND METHODS: DNA was extracted from 35 tonsil carcinoma samples and the viral load was determined by real-time PCR.

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  • (PMID = 18421616.001).
  • [ISSN] 0001-6489
  • [Journal-full-title] Acta oto-laryngologica
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Acta Otolaryngol.
  • [Language] ENG
  • [Grant] United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / K08CA097218; United States / NIDCR NIH HHS / DE / DE014136; United States / NIDCR NIH HHS / DE / R01 DE014136; United States / NIDCR NIH HHS / DE / DE017338; United States / NIDCR NIH HHS / DE / R01 DE017338
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] England
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77. Magill JC, Ferguson MS, Butler CR, Sandison A, Grant WE: Inflammatory myofibroblastic tumour of the tonsil: case report and literature review. J Laryngol Otol; 2010 Oct;124(10):1123-5
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Inflammatory myofibroblastic tumour of the tonsil: case report and literature review.
  • OBJECTIVE: We present the first reported case in the English language literature of an inflammatory myofibroblastic tumour of the right tonsil in a young, pregnant woman, and we report a management strategy for this enigmatic entity.
  • Examination revealed a grade II, erythematous right tonsil with ulceration on the upper pole.
  • However, this diagnosis was reviewed after immunohistochemical staining confirmed an inflammatory myofibroblastic tumour.
  • CONCLUSION: Clinically, inflammatory myofibroblastic tumour of the tonsil is known to be locally aggressive and can present in a manner not dissimilar to a high grade carcinoma of the tonsil.
  • [MeSH-major] Carcinoma / diagnosis. Granuloma, Plasma Cell / diagnosis. Pharyngeal Diseases / diagnosis. Tonsillar Neoplasms / diagnosis
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Biopsy. Diagnosis, Differential. Female. Humans. Pregnancy. Tonsillectomy / methods

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  • (PMID = 20156373.001).
  • [ISSN] 1748-5460
  • [Journal-full-title] The Journal of laryngology and otology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Laryngol Otol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] England
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78. Rebmann S, Gasse H: Bovine lingual tonsil: histomorphological characteristics with special reference to the follicular dendritic cells. Anat Histol Embryol; 2008 Dec;37(6):430-4

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Bovine lingual tonsil: histomorphological characteristics with special reference to the follicular dendritic cells.
  • In the bovine, the lingual tonsil is localized at the lingual radix.
  • However, as the expansion of the tonsillar tissue was presumed to be much larger than the macroscopically visible part, selected specimens from the bovine tongue were examined to clarify if lymphatic tissue of the lingual tonsil was present rostral of a defined macroscopical landmark, i.e. rostral of the most caudal of the papillae vallatae.
  • They characterize the tonsillar lymph nodules and distinguish them structurally from unspecific accumulations of lymphocytes.
  • As these formations were not identified macroscopically, they shall be referred to as the disseminate part of the lingual tonsil.
  • [MeSH-major] Cattle / anatomy & histology. Dendritic Cells, Follicular / cytology. Lymphoid Tissue / anatomy & histology. Palatine Tonsil / anatomy & histology. Palatine Tonsil / cytology. Tongue / anatomy & histology

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  • (PMID = 18637882.001).
  • [ISSN] 1439-0264
  • [Journal-full-title] Anatomia, histologia, embryologia
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Anat Histol Embryol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] Germany
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79. Harris GF 4th, Anderson ME, Lee JH: The effect of proteasome inhibition on p53 degradation and proliferation in tonsil epithelial cells. Arch Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg; 2008 Feb;134(2):157-63
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] The effect of proteasome inhibition on p53 degradation and proliferation in tonsil epithelial cells.
  • OBJECTIVE: To determine whether proteasome inhibition could reverse E6-mediated p53 degradation, cause selective growth inhibition, and induce apoptosis in human papillomavirus E6-transformed primary tonsil epithelial cells.
  • DESIGN: Primary human and mouse tonsil epithelial cell lines were transformed with a retrovirus containing human papillomavirus 16 oncogenes.
  • Also, wild-type and p53 knockout mouse tonsil epithelial cells that express E6 had near-identical inhibition of growth, suggesting that growth inhibition was p53 independent.
  • [MeSH-major] Epithelial Cells / pathology. Head and Neck Neoplasms / virology. Oncogene Proteins, Viral / metabolism. Palatine Tonsil / cytology. Protease Inhibitors / pharmacology. Repressor Proteins / metabolism. Tumor Suppressor Protein p53 / metabolism

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  • (PMID = 18283158.001).
  • [ISSN] 0886-4470
  • [Journal-full-title] Archives of otolaryngology--head & neck surgery
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Arch. Otolaryngol. Head Neck Surg.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Grant] United States / NIDCD NIH HHS / DC / 1-K08-DC0005627-1; United States / NIDCD NIH HHS / DC / 5-T32-DC000040
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / E6 protein, Human papillomavirus type 16; 0 / Leupeptins; 0 / Oncogene Proteins, Viral; 0 / Protease Inhibitors; 0 / Proteasome Inhibitors; 0 / Repressor Proteins; 0 / Tumor Suppressor Protein p53; 133407-82-6 / benzyloxycarbonylleucyl-leucyl-leucine aldehyde; EC 3.4.22.- / Caspase 3
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80. Lin HC, Wu PY, Friedman M, Chang HW, Wilson M: Difference of Helicobacter pylori colonization in recurrent inflammatory and simple hyperplastic tonsil tissues. Arch Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg; 2010 May;136(5):468-70
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Difference of Helicobacter pylori colonization in recurrent inflammatory and simple hyperplastic tonsil tissues.
  • OBJECTIVE: To investigate the difference in colonization by Helicobacter pylori between recurrent inflammatory and normal hyperplastic human palatine tonsil tissues.
  • CONCLUSIONS: Helicobacter pylori can colonize in human palatine tonsil tissues.
  • Based on this finding, future studies should be performed to elucidate whether eradication therapy for H pylori is effective in decreasing recurrent inflammation of human palatine tonsils.

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  • (PMID = 20479377.001).
  • [ISSN] 1538-361X
  • [Journal-full-title] Archives of otolaryngology--head & neck surgery
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Arch. Otolaryngol. Head Neck Surg.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] United States
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81. DelGaudio JM, Naseri I, Wise JC: Proximal pharyngeal reflux correlates with increasing severity of lingual tonsil hypertrophy. Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg; 2008 Apr;138(4):473-8
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  • [Title] Proximal pharyngeal reflux correlates with increasing severity of lingual tonsil hypertrophy.
  • OBJECTIVE: To determine if degree of lingual tonsil hypertrophy (LTH) correlates with pharyngeal reflux.
  • [MeSH-major] Palatine Tonsil / pathology. Pharyngeal Diseases / pathology

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  • (PMID = 18359357.001).
  • [ISSN] 0194-5998
  • [Journal-full-title] Otolaryngology--head and neck surgery : official journal of American Academy of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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82. Jesic S, Stojiljkovic L, Stosic S, Nesic V, Milovanovic J, Jotic A: Enzymatic study of tonsil tissue alkaline and acid phosphatase in children with recurrent tonsillitis and tonsil hypertrophy. Int J Pediatr Otorhinolaryngol; 2010 Jan;74(1):82-6
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Enzymatic study of tonsil tissue alkaline and acid phosphatase in children with recurrent tonsillitis and tonsil hypertrophy.
  • However, little is known about the tonsil immune competence status in patients presenting with recurrent tonsillitis with either hypertrophied or atrophied tonsils, or in patients presenting with obstructive sleep apnoea.
  • In this study we examined the tonsil immune status in children with 3-5 acute recurrent infections a year and in children with obstructive sleep apnoea by comparing the activity of tonsil and adenoid tissue nonspecific alkaline and acid phosphatase.
  • METHODS: Specific activity of tonsil and adenoid tissue nonspecific alkaline and acid phosphatase was investigated in children who underwent tonsillectomy and adenoidectomy for recurrent infection (72 children) and for obstructive sleep apnoea (10 children).
  • The enzyme activity in both hypertrophied tonsil groups was significantly higher as compared to atrophied tonsils in the recurrent tonsillitis group, p=0.021 and p=0.006, respectively.
  • Contrary to this, no significant differences were noticed for tonsil and adenoid acid phosphatase activities among the groups.
  • In patients with hypertrophied tonsils similar tissue nonspecific alkaline phosphatase activity suggests preserved B cell tonsil immune activity, regardless of the pathology.
  • Patients with atrophied tonsils had significantly lower alkaline phosphatase activity, indicating relative tonsil B cell immune deficiency.
  • [MeSH-major] Adenoids / enzymology. Adenoids / microbiology. Alkaline Phosphatase / analysis. Alkaline Phosphatase / metabolism. Palatine Tonsil / enzymology
  • [MeSH-minor] Adenoidectomy. Atrophy / enzymology. Atrophy / immunology. Atrophy / pathology. B-Lymphocytes / enzymology. B-Lymphocytes / immunology. Child. Child, Preschool. Female. Humans. Hydrogen-Ion Concentration. Hypertrophy / enzymology. Hypertrophy / immunology. Hypertrophy / pathology. Macrophages. Male. Nasal Obstruction / diagnosis. Nasal Obstruction / enzymology. Nasal Obstruction / surgery. Nitrophenols. Recurrence. Sleep Apnea, Obstructive / diagnosis. Sleep Apnea, Obstructive / enzymology. Tonsillectomy. Tonsillitis

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  • [Copyright] Copyright (c) 2009 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved.
  • (PMID = 19931920.001).
  • [ISSN] 1872-8464
  • [Journal-full-title] International journal of pediatric otorhinolaryngology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Int. J. Pediatr. Otorhinolaryngol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Ireland
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Nitrophenols; EC 3.1.3.1 / Alkaline Phosphatase; Y92ZL45L4R / 4-nitrophenol
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83. Kimura Y, Yano K, Kamiyama R, Kishimoto S: [Case of cystic metastasis of lingual tonsil carcinoma diagnosed first as a branchiogenic cyst]. Nihon Jibiinkoka Gakkai Kaiho; 2005 Jun;108(6):698-701
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  • [Title] [Case of cystic metastasis of lingual tonsil carcinoma diagnosed first as a branchiogenic cyst].
  • We report a case of lingual tonsil carcinoma diagnosed first as a branchiogenic cyst.
  • Histopathological findings showed the possibility of a malignant tumor because there was proliferation of the papillary epithelium of the cyst wall.
  • Blind biopsy of the lingual and palatine tonsil was done and the histological findings revealed a cystic metastatic lymph node from a squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) of the lingual tonsil.
  • The diagnosis of the primary unknown cystic metastatic cervieal SCC requires a thorough examination of the palatine or lingual tonsil when there is no evidence of any vestigial remnant of branchiogenic organ.
  • [MeSH-major] Carcinoma, Squamous Cell / diagnosis. Tonsillar Neoplasms / diagnosis
  • [MeSH-minor] Branchioma. Female. Humans. Lymphatic Metastasis. Middle Aged. Neoplasms, Unknown Primary / diagnosis. Neoplasms, Unknown Primary / pathology

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  • (PMID = 16001729.001).
  • [ISSN] 0030-6622
  • [Journal-full-title] Nihon Jibiinkoka Gakkai kaiho
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Nippon Jibiinkoka Gakkai Kaiho
  • [Language] jpn
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Japan
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84. Jha AK, Sharma S: Patients with tonsil problems at NMCTH--a report. Nepal Med Coll J; 2008 Dec;10(4):258-9
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  • [Title] Patients with tonsil problems at NMCTH--a report.
  • The study was carried out in the Department of Otorhinolaryngology NMCTH (n = 20, age 3-54yrs) who presented tonsil problems and underwent tonsillectomy over period of 1 year (2006-2007).
  • [MeSH-minor] Adolescent. Adult. Child. Child, Preschool. Female. Humans. Male. Middle Aged. Palatine Tonsil / microbiology. Palatine Tonsil / surgery. Postoperative Complications / prevention & control. Prospective Studies. Tonsillectomy

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  • (PMID = 19558066.001).
  • [Journal-full-title] Nepal Medical College journal : NMCJ
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Nepal Med Coll J
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Nepal
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85. Shimada K, Hayashi HK, Ookubo Y, Iwamaru Y, Imamura M, Takata M, Schmerr MJ, Shinagawa M, Yokoyama T: Rapid PrP(Sc) detection in lymphoid tissue and application to scrapie surveillance of fallen stock in Japan: variable PrP(Sc) accumulation in palatal tonsil in natural scrapie. Microbiol Immunol; 2005;49(8):801-4
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Rapid PrP(Sc) detection in lymphoid tissue and application to scrapie surveillance of fallen stock in Japan: variable PrP(Sc) accumulation in palatal tonsil in natural scrapie.
  • In this program, brain and palatal tonsil were examined by WB and three cases of sheep scrapie were detected.
  • While one clinically scrapie-infected sheep harbored PrP(Sc) in the brain and palatal tonsil, the two sheep in the pre-clinical stage harbored PrP(Sc) in the brain, but not in the palatal tonsil.
  • This study shows that PrP(Sc) accumulation in palatal tonsil is variable in natural scrapie, even among genetically susceptible sheep.
  • [MeSH-major] Lymphoid Tissue / chemistry. PrPSc Proteins / analysis. Scrapie / diagnosis. Scrapie / metabolism
  • [MeSH-minor] Animals. Genetic Predisposition to Disease. Japan. Palatine Tonsil / chemistry. Sheep

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  • (PMID = 16113510.001).
  • [ISSN] 0385-5600
  • [Journal-full-title] Microbiology and immunology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Microbiol. Immunol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] Japan
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / PrPSc Proteins
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86. Reddy VM, Cundall-Curry D, Bridger MW: Trends in the incidence rates of tonsil and base of tongue cancer in England, 1985-2006. Ann R Coll Surg Engl; 2010 Nov;92(8):655-9
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Trends in the incidence rates of tonsil and base of tongue cancer in England, 1985-2006.
  • INTRODUCTION: The aim of this study was to investigate whether incidence rates of tonsil and base of tongue cancer in England are increasing using data from the UK cancer registry.
  • Linear regression analysis suggests that approximately 90% of the variance in age-adjusted incidence rates for men and women for tonsil, base of tongue and other oral cavity cancer is explained by the passage of time.
  • The estimated annual percentage change from 1985 to 2006 in age-adjusted incidence rates for tonsil and base of tongue cancer is 5.7% and 6.7% for men, and 4.3% and 6.5% for women, respectively.
  • The age range 40-69 years has seen the biggest increases in age-specific incidence rates for tonsil and base of tongue cancer.
  • [MeSH-major] Tongue Neoplasms / epidemiology. Tonsillar Neoplasms / epidemiology

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  • (PMID = 20615309.001).
  • [ISSN] 1478-7083
  • [Journal-full-title] Annals of the Royal College of Surgeons of England
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Ann R Coll Surg Engl
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC3229372
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87. Pascoal MB, Chagas JF, Alonso N, Aquino JL, Ferreira MC, Pascoal MI, Magna LA: Marginal mandibulectomy in the surgical treatment of tonsil and retromolar trigone tumours. Braz J Otorhinolaryngol; 2007 Mar-Apr;73(2):180-4
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  • [Title] Marginal mandibulectomy in the surgical treatment of tonsil and retromolar trigone tumours.
  • AIM: To compare the survival rate and local and regional recurrence in marginal and segmental mandibulectomy for advanced tonsil and retromolar trigone tumours with no mandibular invasion.
  • [MeSH-major] Carcinoma, Squamous Cell / surgery. Mandible / surgery. Mouth Neoplasms / surgery. Tonsillar Neoplasms / surgery
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Aged. Cohort Studies. Cross-Sectional Studies. Female. Humans. Male. Middle Aged. Neoplasm Staging. Recurrence. Retrospective Studies. Survival Analysis. Treatment Outcome

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  • (PMID = 17589725.001).
  • [ISSN] 1808-8694
  • [Journal-full-title] Brazilian journal of otorhinolaryngology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Braz J Otorhinolaryngol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Comparative Study; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Brazil
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88. Artico M, Bronzetti E, Felici LM, Alicino V, Ionta B, Bronzetti B, Magliulo G, Grande C, Zamai L, Pasquantonio G, De Vincentiis M: Neurotrophins and their receptors in human lingual tonsil: an immunohistochemical analysis. Oncol Rep; 2008 Nov;20(5):1201-6
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  • [Title] Neurotrophins and their receptors in human lingual tonsil: an immunohistochemical analysis.
  • Lingual tonsils belong to Waldeyer's Ring, in close association with palatine tonsils and nasopharyngeal (adenoids) tonsils, thus constituting part of NALT (nasal-associated lymphoid tissue) together with the tubal tonsils and lateral pharyngeal bands.
  • Light immunohistochemistry showed that human tonsillar samples were generally positive for all the NTs investigated (NGF, BDNF, NT-3, NT-4) and their receptors (TrKA, TrKB, TrKC and p75) with some different expression levels.
  • These results suggest the presence of a pattern of neurotrophin innervation in the human lingual tonsil which may play a role in sustaining inflammatory conditions and in modulating a close interaction between the nervous system and the different immune cellular subtypes.

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  • (PMID = 18949422.001).
  • [ISSN] 1021-335X
  • [Journal-full-title] Oncology reports
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Oncol. Rep.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Greece
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Nerve Growth Factors; 0 / Receptors, Nerve Growth Factor
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89. Verschuur HP, Raats CJ, Rosenbrand CJ, Dutch Association of Otolaryngology and Head & Neck Surgery, Dutch Institute for Healthcare Improvement: [Practice guideline 'Adenoid and tonsil disorders in secondary care']. Ned Tijdschr Geneeskd; 2009;153:B295
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] [Practice guideline 'Adenoid and tonsil disorders in secondary care'].
  • [Transliterated title] Richtlijn 'Ziekten van adenoïd en tonsillen in de tweede lijn'.
  • At the initiative of the Dutch Association of Otolaryngology and Head & Neck Surgery, in cooperation with the Dutch Institute for Healthcare Improvement (CBO), an evidence-based practice guideline was developed for adenoid and tonsil disorders in secondary care. (Adeno)tonsillectomy ((A)TE) is indicated in children with very frequent recurrent tonsillitis: 7 or more tonsillitises per year or 5 tonsillitises per year in the last 2 years.

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  • (PMID = 19818185.001).
  • [ISSN] 1876-8784
  • [Journal-full-title] Nederlands tijdschrift voor geneeskunde
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Ned Tijdschr Geneeskd
  • [Language] dut
  • [Publication-type] English Abstract; Journal Article; Practice Guideline
  • [Publication-country] Netherlands
  • [Investigator] Verschuur HP; Raats CJ; Rosenbrand CJ; van den Akker EH; van Asselt GJ; van Bergen-Rodts ME; Boland LW; Bont L; van Deelen GW; Ensink RJ; van der Hulst JP; van der Meulen FW; Rosingh HJ; Schlooz JG; Sjögren E; van Staaij BK; Th eunissen EJ; Wagenaar M; van der Werff DB
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90. Akcay A, Kara CO, Dagdeviren E, Zencir M: Variation in tonsil size in 4- to 17-year-old schoolchildren. J Otolaryngol; 2006 Aug;35(4):270-4

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  • [Title] Variation in tonsil size in 4- to 17-year-old schoolchildren.
  • OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the variation in tonsil size and prevalence of asymmetric tonsils in 4- to 17-year-old schoolchildren and the relationships between tonsillar hypertrophy and frequent tonsillitis, frequent fever, and sleep-related symptoms observed by parents.
  • The interrelationships between tonsillar hypertrophy and other studied symptoms were examined.
  • The results of tonsil scoring were grade 1, 62.7%; grade 2, 28.4%; grade 3, 3.3%; and grade 4, 0.1%.
  • Tonsil size peaked in 4- to 8-year-old children.
  • The prevalence rates of tonsillar hypertrophy and asymmetric tonsils were 3.4% and 1.7%, respectively.
  • Tonsillar hypertrophy was found to be significantly associated with male gender, a history of frequent tonsillitis, a history of frequent fever, often or always snoring, and often or always observed apnea.
  • CONCLUSIONS: A tonsil size curve was developed in 4- to 17-year-old schoolchildren.
  • [MeSH-major] Palatine Tonsil / pathology

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  • (PMID = 17176803.001).
  • [ISSN] 0381-6605
  • [Journal-full-title] The Journal of otolaryngology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Otolaryngol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Multicenter Study
  • [Publication-country] Canada
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91. Wang JH, Chung YS, Cho YW, Kim DY, Yi JS, Bae JS, Shim MJ: Palatine tonsil size in obese, overweight, and normal-weight children with sleep-disordered breathing. Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg; 2010 Apr;142(4):516-9
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  • [Title] Palatine tonsil size in obese, overweight, and normal-weight children with sleep-disordered breathing.
  • OBJECTIVE: To assess palatine tonsil size relative to degree of obesity in children with sleep-disordered breathing (SDB).
  • SUBJECTS AND METHODS: We compared the subjective and objective tonsil size, including tonsil height (TH), tonsil width (TW), tonsil thickness (TT), tonsil weight (TWt), and tonsil volume (TV), in 26 obese children and 26 age- and gender-matched control children with SDB, and in 29 overweight children and 29 matched controls with SDB.
  • RESULTS: Despite similar subjective tonsil size in obese and control children, the objective tonsil size, including TH, TW, TT, and TWt, was larger in obese than in control children, and the mean TV was significantly greater in obese than in control children with SDB (8.53 +/- 3.30 mL vs 6.90 +/- 2.05 mL; 95% confidence interval [CI] of the difference 0.03-3.25; P = 0.019).
  • In contrast, mean TV (7.38 +/- 3.43 mL vs 7.65 +/- 1.97 mL; 95% CI -1.92 to 1.37; P = 0.320) as well as the other parameters of objective palatine tonsil size, including TH, TW, TT, and TWt, did not differ significantly between overweight children and controls.
  • CONCLUSION: Obese children with SDB had larger palatine tonsils than did normal-weight children with SDB.
  • This finding suggests that larger palatine tonsils may have a greater effect on upper airway obstruction in obese than in normal-weight children with SDB.
  • [MeSH-major] Obesity / pathology. Overweight / pathology. Palatine Tonsil / pathology. Sleep Apnea Syndromes / pathology

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  • [Copyright] Copyright 2010 American Academy of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery Foundation. Published by Mosby, Inc. All rights reserved.
  • [CommentIn] Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2010 Jul;143(1):171; author reply 171-2 [20620643.001]
  • (PMID = 20304270.001).
  • [ISSN] 1097-6817
  • [Journal-full-title] Otolaryngology--head and neck surgery : official journal of American Academy of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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92. Bäck L, Tervahartiala P, Piilonen A, Mäkitie A, Ylikoski J: Assessment of submucosal radiofrequency tonsil reduction by magnetic resonance imaging. J Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg; 2009 Oct;38(5):537-44
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  • [Title] Assessment of submucosal radiofrequency tonsil reduction by magnetic resonance imaging.
  • OBJECTIVES: The primary objective was to assess the efficacy of submucosal radiofrequency tonsil reduction (SRFTR) in adults by magnetic resonance imaging (MRI).
  • METHODS: A prospective, longitudinal clinical study with a follow-up time of 12 months was conducted of 10 consecutive patients with the median age of 24.5 years (range 19-55 years) with obstructive palatine tonsil hypertrophy.
  • MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: The change in tonsillar volume after SRFTR was evaluated with MRI by two radiologists independently and blinded to the treatment results.
  • RESULTS: The tonsil volume reduced significantly with a median reduction in the total tonsil volume of 12.6% (range 3.7-41.5%, pretreatment vs posttreatment volume, p < .01).
  • CONCLUSION: SRFTR in adults with obstructive palatine tonsil hypertrophy is a minimally invasive procedure causing a tonsil volume reduction demonstrated by MRI.
  • [MeSH-major] Catheter Ablation. Magnetic Resonance Imaging. Palatine Tonsil / pathology. Tonsillectomy / methods

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  • (PMID = 19769823.001).
  • [ISSN] 1916-0216
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of otolaryngology - head & neck surgery = Le Journal d'oto-rhino-laryngologie et de chirurgie cervico-faciale
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Clinical Trial; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] Canada
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93. Bachar GY, Goh C, Goldstein DP, O'Sullivan B, Irish JC: Long-term outcome analysis after surgical salvage for recurrent tonsil carcinoma following radical radiotherapy. Eur Arch Otorhinolaryngol; 2010 Feb;267(2):295-301
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  • [Title] Long-term outcome analysis after surgical salvage for recurrent tonsil carcinoma following radical radiotherapy.
  • The objective of this study is to report the longterm outcomes of salvage surgery following local and/or regional failure of tonsillar carcinoma treated with standard fractionation radiotherapy.
  • All cases of carcinoma of the tonsil treated by radical radiotherapy at the Princess Margaret Hospital between January 1970 and December 1990 were reviewed retrospectively.
  • Patients who underwent salvage surgery for local and/or regional recurrent squamous cell carcinoma of the tonsil following radiation therapy were included for analysis.
  • 239 out of 640 patients with tonsillar carcinoma recurred post radiotherapy.
  • In conclusion,in spite of the fact that the patients in this study had been treated prior to the widespread introduction of altered fractionation and concurrent chemoradiation for advanced tonsil carcinoma, it demonstrates the poor prognosis of recurrent disease.
  • [MeSH-major] Carcinoma, Squamous Cell / radiotherapy. Neoplasm Recurrence, Local / epidemiology. Salvage Therapy / methods. Tonsillar Neoplasms / radiotherapy. Tonsillectomy / methods
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Aged. Aged, 80 and over. Female. Follow-Up Studies. Humans. Incidence. Male. Middle Aged. Neoplasm Staging. Ontario / epidemiology. Prognosis. Retrospective Studies. Time Factors

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  • (PMID = 19756684.001).
  • [ISSN] 1434-4726
  • [Journal-full-title] European archives of oto-rhino-laryngology : official journal of the European Federation of Oto-Rhino-Laryngological Societies (EUFOS) : affiliated with the German Society for Oto-Rhino-Laryngology - Head and Neck Surgery
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Eur Arch Otorhinolaryngol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Comparative Study; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Germany
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94. Medina F, Segundo C, Jiménez-Gómez G, González-García I, Campos-Caro A, Brieva JA: Higher maturity and connective tissue association distinguish resident from recently generated human tonsil plasma cells. J Leukoc Biol; 2007 Dec;82(6):1430-6
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  • [Title] Higher maturity and connective tissue association distinguish resident from recently generated human tonsil plasma cells.
  • Human plasma cells (PC) are present in cell suspensions obtained from the tonsil by mechanical disaggregation (PC(MECH)).
  • The present study shows that a collagenase treatment of tonsillar debris remaining after mechanical disaggregation yielded similar proportions of PC (PC(COLL)).
  • Moreover, PC(MECH) were present in suspensions highly enriched in germinal center cells whereas PC(COLL) contained most of the IgA-secreting cells, suggesting their predominant location in follicular and parafollicular areas and connective tissue-rich zones such as tonsil subepithelium, respectively.
  • Tonsil PC(MECH) and PC(COLL) shared the phenotype CD38(high) CD19(+) CD20(low) CD45(high), expressed equivalent amounts of PRDI BF1/Blimp-1 transcription factor, and carried similarly mutated IgVH6 genes.
  • [MeSH-major] Cell Differentiation. Connective Tissue Cells / cytology. Palatine Tonsil / cytology. Plasma Cells / cytology

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  • (PMID = 17827343.001).
  • [ISSN] 0741-5400
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of leukocyte biology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Leukoc. Biol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / B-Cell-Specific Activator Protein; 0 / Cell Adhesion Molecules; 0 / Immunoglobulins; 0 / PAX5 protein, human; 0 / Repressor Proteins; 0 / Transcription Factors; 138415-26-6 / PRDM1 protein, human; EC 3.4.24.- / Collagenases
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95. Saint-Gerons Marzo S, Catón Santarén B, Anda Fernandez JM: [Metastasis in the palatine tonsil as the first sign of a gastric adenocarcinoma]. Acta Otorrinolaringol Esp; 2005 Nov;56(9):439-40
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  • [Title] [Metastasis in the palatine tonsil as the first sign of a gastric adenocarcinoma].
  • [Transliterated title] Metastasis en la amígdala palatina como primera manifestación de un adenocarcinoma gástrico.
  • Gastric adenocarcinomas rarely give rise to metastases in the palatine tonsils; twelve such cases have been published.
  • In two of them the tonsillar tumour was the first sign of the disease.
  • We present a patient with a tumour of the palatine tonsil and cervical lymph node involvement who was diagnosed as having an adenocarcinoma of "signet ring" cells in the histopathology and cytology studies.
  • [MeSH-major] Carcinoma, Signet Ring Cell / secondary. Oropharyngeal Neoplasms / secondary. Palatine Tonsil. Stomach Neoplasms / pathology

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  • (PMID = 16353792.001).
  • [ISSN] 0001-6519
  • [Journal-full-title] Acta otorrinolaringológica española
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Acta Otorrinolaringol Esp
  • [Language] spa
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; English Abstract; Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] Spain
  • [Number-of-references] 7
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96. He SH, Xie H, Fu YL: Activation of human tonsil and skin mast cells by agonists of proteinase activated receptor-2. Acta Pharmacol Sin; 2005 May;26(5):568-74

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  • [Title] Activation of human tonsil and skin mast cells by agonists of proteinase activated receptor-2.
  • METHODS: Human mast cells were enzymatically dispersed from tonsil and skin tissues.
  • It also induced tryptase release from tonsil mast cells. tc-LIGRLO appeared less potent than SLIGKV in induction of release of histamine and tryptase.
  • Trypsin was able to induce a bell shape increase in tryptase release from tonsil mast cells.
  • It was also able to induce a dose-dependent release of histamine from both tonsil and skin mast cells.
  • CONCLUSION: It was demonstrated that the in vitro tryptase release properties of human tonsil and skin mast cells suggested a novel type of mast cell heterogeneity.
  • [MeSH-major] Histamine Release / drug effects. Mast Cells / metabolism. Palatine Tonsil / metabolism. Receptor, PAR-2 / agonists. Skin / metabolism

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  • (PMID = 15842775.001).
  • [ISSN] 1671-4083
  • [Journal-full-title] Acta pharmacologica Sinica
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Acta Pharmacol. Sin.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] China
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Antibodies, Anti-Idiotypic; 0 / Oligopeptides; 0 / Receptor, PAR-2; 0 / anti-IgE antibodies; 0 / cinnamoyl-LIGRLO-amide; 0 / seryl-leucyl-isoleucyl--glycyl-lysyl-valine; EC 3.4.21.- / Serine Endopeptidases; EC 3.4.21.4 / Trypsin; EC 3.4.21.59 / Tryptases
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97. Asbjørnsen H, Kuwelker M, Søfteland E: A case of unexpected difficult airway due to lingual tonsil hypertrophy. Acta Anaesthesiol Scand; 2008 Feb;52(2):310-2
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  • [Title] A case of unexpected difficult airway due to lingual tonsil hypertrophy.
  • Asymptomatic lingual tonsil hypertrophy is a known cause of unexpected difficult airway.
  • [MeSH-major] Intubation, Intratracheal / methods. Palatine Tonsil / pathology. Pituitary Neoplasms / surgery

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  • [CommentIn] Acta Anaesthesiol Scand. 2008 Aug;52(7):1030 [18702760.001]
  • (PMID = 17996002.001).
  • [ISSN] 1399-6576
  • [Journal-full-title] Acta anaesthesiologica Scandinavica
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Acta Anaesthesiol Scand
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] England
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98. Brisbin JT, Gong J, Parvizi P, Sharif S: Effects of lactobacilli on cytokine expression by chicken spleen and cecal tonsil cells. Clin Vaccine Immunol; 2010 Sep;17(9):1337-43
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  • [Title] Effects of lactobacilli on cytokine expression by chicken spleen and cecal tonsil cells.
  • All three lactobacilli induced significantly more interleukin 1beta (IL-1beta) expression in spleen cells than in cecal tonsil cells, indicating a more inflammatory response in the spleen than in cecal tonsils.
  • In cecal tonsil cells, substantial differences were found among strains in the capacity to induce IL-12p40, IL-10, IL-18, transforming growth factor beta4 (TGF-beta4), and gamma interferon (IFN-gamma).
  • [MeSH-major] Cecum / immunology. Chickens / immunology. Cytokines / biosynthesis. Lactobacillus / immunology. Leukocytes, Mononuclear / immunology. Palatine Tonsil / immunology. Spleen / immunology

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  • (PMID = 20668142.001).
  • [ISSN] 1556-679X
  • [Journal-full-title] Clinical and vaccine immunology : CVI
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Clin. Vaccine Immunol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Cytokines
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC2944448
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99. Kumar P, Timoney JF: Histology, immunohistochemistry and ultrastructure of the tonsil of the soft palate of the horse. Anat Histol Embryol; 2006 Feb;35(1):1-6
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  • [Title] Histology, immunohistochemistry and ultrastructure of the tonsil of the soft palate of the horse.
  • The tonsil of the soft palate was an oval, flat structure located centro-rostrally on the oral surface of the soft palate.
  • Crypts and reticulated epithelium as found in the lingual and palatine tonsils were not observed.
  • Although IgA+ cells and macrophages were proportionately more numerous the amount of lymphoid tissue was much less than in the lingual and palatine tonsils.
  • [MeSH-major] Horses / anatomy & histology. Palate, Soft / anatomy & histology. Palatine Tonsil / anatomy & histology

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  • (PMID = 16433665.001).
  • [ISSN] 0340-2096
  • [Journal-full-title] Anatomia, histologia, embryologia
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Anat Histol Embryol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Germany
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100. Lesmeister MJ, Bothwell MR, Misfeldt ML: Toll-like receptor expression in the human nasopharyngeal tonsil (adenoid) and palantine tonsils: a preliminary report. Int J Pediatr Otorhinolaryngol; 2006 Jun;70(6):987-92
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Toll-like receptor expression in the human nasopharyngeal tonsil (adenoid) and palantine tonsils: a preliminary report.
  • OBJECTIVE: The Waldeyer's ring, comprised of the nasopharyngeal tonsil (adenoid), the paired tubal tonsils, the paired palantine tonsils, and the lingual tonsil, is arranged in a circular orientation around the wall of the throat.
  • In this pilot study, we address expression of TLRs, which are vital components of the innate immune system, in adenoid and tonsil tissue.
  • RESULTS: All of the ten TLRs examined are expressed in the adenoid and tonsil tissue with varying band intensities.
  • CONCLUSIONS: TLRs are expressed in human adenoid and tonsil tissue, and may play a vital role in the immunological outcomes of these tissues.
  • [MeSH-major] Adenoids / immunology. Palatine Tonsil / immunology. Toll-Like Receptors / analysis

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  • (PMID = 16325925.001).
  • [ISSN] 0165-5876
  • [Journal-full-title] International journal of pediatric otorhinolaryngology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Int. J. Pediatr. Otorhinolaryngol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Ireland
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Inflammation Mediators; 0 / Toll-Like Receptor 1; 0 / Toll-Like Receptor 2; 0 / Toll-Like Receptor 3; 0 / Toll-Like Receptor 4; 0 / Toll-Like Receptor 7; 0 / Toll-Like Receptor 8; 0 / Toll-Like Receptor 9; 0 / Toll-Like Receptors; 63231-63-0 / RNA
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