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1. Torres-Domingo S, Bagan JV, Jiménez Y, Poveda R, Murillo J, Díaz JM, Sanchis JM, Gavaldá C, Carbonell E: Benign tumors of the oral mucosa: a study of 300 patients. Med Oral Patol Oral Cir Bucal; 2008 Mar;13(3):E161-6
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Benign tumors of the oral mucosa: a study of 300 patients.
  • OBJECTIVES: To analyze the frequency and type of the most common benign tumors of the oral mucosa found at the Hospital Stomatology Service, and to study the clinical characteristics and possible etiological factors.
  • MATERIAL AND METHODS: This is a retrospective study of 300 patients with histologically diagnosed benign tumors of the oral mucosa.
  • Data was compiled for each case, documenting information relating to age, gender, medication, habits (smoking, oral hygiene), anamnesis (reason for consultation, symptomatology, evolution), and the characteristics of the lesion (site, color, size, surface, consistency, and base).
  • RESULTS: Of all the tumors studied, 53% were histologically diagnosed as fibroma.
  • In the study of prevalence of benign tumors of the oral mucosa, no differences were found for age; however there were differences according to gender, finding a greater prevalence of fibromas, pyogenic granulomas, and giant cell granulomas in women, at a ratio of 2:1.
  • The group of tumors studied showed a significantly asymptomatic behaviour, and self-limiting and slow growth.
  • CONCLUSIONS: Following the study of 300 patients histologically diagnosed with benign tumor of the oral mucosa, we can state that with regard to prevalence, we found significant differences with respect to gender, being more frequent in women.
  • The fibroma is the most frequent benign tumor of the oral cavity.
  • [MeSH-major] Mouth Mucosa. Mouth Neoplasms

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  • (PMID = 18305435.001).
  • [ISSN] 1698-6946
  • [Journal-full-title] Medicina oral, patología oral y cirugía bucal
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Med Oral Patol Oral Cir Bucal
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Spain
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2. Dilsiz A, Aydin T, Gursan N: Capillary hemangioma as a rare benign tumor of the oral cavity: a case report. Cases J; 2009;2:8622

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Capillary hemangioma as a rare benign tumor of the oral cavity: a case report.
  • INTRODUCTION: Hemangioma is a relatively common benign proliferation of blood vessels that primarily develops during childhood.
  • Early detection and biopsy is necessary to determine the clinical behavior of the tumor and potential dentoalveolar complications.

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  • (PMID = 20181211.001).
  • [ISSN] 1757-1626
  • [Journal-full-title] Cases journal
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Cases J
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC2827094
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3. Eguia A, Uribarri A, Gay Escoda C, Crovetto MA, Martínez-Conde R, Aguirre JM: Granular cell tumor: report of 8 intraoral cases. Med Oral Patol Oral Cir Bucal; 2006 Aug;11(5):E425-8
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  • [Title] Granular cell tumor: report of 8 intraoral cases.
  • Granular cell tumor (GCT) is an uncommon neoplasm of controversial origin that can appear in any corporal localization, including the orofacial region.
  • Although aggressive and malignant variants of this neoplasm have been described, most of GCTs are benign.
  • In spite of the amount of research, the etiology of this neoplasm remains unclear and its histogenesis and its possible muscular, connective or neural origin has been broadly debated.
  • In this paper 8 oral cases are presented, corresponding to 5 women and 3 men, with a mean age of 36.1 years old and a mean time of evolution of the lesions of 8.3 months.
  • The main clinicopathologic and diagnostic features of this neoplasm are reviewed and discussed.
  • [MeSH-major] Granular Cell Tumor / pathology. Mouth Neoplasms / pathology
  • [MeSH-minor] Adolescent. Adult. Female. Gingival Neoplasms / pathology. Humans. Male. Middle Aged. Mouth Mucosa / pathology. Tongue Neoplasms / pathology

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  • (PMID = 16878061.001).
  • [ISSN] 1698-6946
  • [Journal-full-title] Medicina oral, patología oral y cirugía bucal
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Med Oral Patol Oral Cir Bucal
  • [Language] eng; spa
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Spain
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4. Wiel J, Luis W, Kempf HG: [The interesting case -- case no. 70]. Laryngorhinootologie; 2005 Mar;84(3):196-9
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Transliterated title] Der interessante Fall Nr. 70.
  • We will report two cases of newborn girls, who could not be breast fed because of a benign tumour in their oral cavity.
  • The size of neoplasm was in one case 3 x 2 cm, in the other one 2 x 1.5 cm.
  • A regular oral feeding was immediately possible.
  • Histological findings showed large tumour cells with abundant granular eosinophilic cytoplasm and a prominent vascularity.
  • All these findings are characteristic of congenital granular cell tumour and its synonym congenital epulis.
  • [MeSH-major] Gingival Neoplasms / congenital. Granular Cell Tumor / congenital. Mouth Neoplasms / congenital
  • [MeSH-minor] Age Factors. Breast Feeding. Female. Gingiva / pathology. Humans. Immunohistochemistry. Infant, Newborn. Mouth / pathology. Sex Factors. Treatment Outcome

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  • (PMID = 15770569.001).
  • [ISSN] 0935-8943
  • [Journal-full-title] Laryngo- rhino- otologie
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Laryngorhinootologie
  • [Language] ger
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Germany
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5. Parkins GE, Armah G, Ampofo P: Tumours and tumour-like lesions of the lower face at Korle Bu Teaching Hospital, Ghana--an eight year study. World J Surg Oncol; 2007;5:48
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Tumours and tumour-like lesions of the lower face at Korle Bu Teaching Hospital, Ghana--an eight year study.
  • PATIENTS AND METHODS: Records of consecutive patients of all age and sex seen by the first author's team at the Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Korle-Bu Teaching Hospital with tumours affecting the lower part of the face from January 1996 to December 2003 were retrieved, coded and entered into a database.
  • RESULTS: A total of 394 patients with oro-facial swellings were retrieved from the registry out of which 210 had lower face tumour and tumour-like lesions.
  • The most common clinical presenting features were mandibular facial swelling (63%), intra-oral swelling (55%), pain (41%) and ulceration (29%).
  • The remainder making up 20% were found in the floor of the mouth, tongue and lips.
  • Sixty-two (36.3%) had benign odontogenic tumours and thirty-one (18.1%) had non-odontogenic tumour-like lesions.
  • Fifty-four (62%) of malignant tumours were squamous cell carcinoma; 58 (93.6%) of the benign odontogenic tumours were classified as ameloblastoma.
  • The mean age at presentation of all lesions was 40.4 years with over 50% of benign lesions in patients aged between 11 and 30 years.
  • CONCLUSION: Tumours and tumour-like lesions of the lower face comprising the mandible, tongue and adjacent structures are a diverse group of neoplasm and are seen commonly in practice of Maxillofacial surgery.
  • Both malignant and benign tumours are seen in the Ghanaian population.
  • In the present study, SCC and ameloblastoma were the commonest malignant and benign odontogenic tumours seen respectively; the two representing more than 65% of all tumours.
  • [MeSH-major] Facial Neoplasms / epidemiology. Mandibular Neoplasms / epidemiology. Maxillary Neoplasms / epidemiology. Mouth Neoplasms / epidemiology. Odontogenic Tumors / epidemiology

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  • (PMID = 17484780.001).
  • [ISSN] 1477-7819
  • [Journal-full-title] World journal of surgical oncology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] World J Surg Oncol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC1885260
  • [General-notes] NLM/ Original DateCompleted: 20070813
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6. Lee LT, Kwan PC, Wong YK: Novel application of artificial dermis plus autologous vital epithelial cells: improved wound epithelialization. J Chin Med Assoc; 2010 Feb;73(2):108-12
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • The purpose of this study was to evaluate artificial dermis with the simultaneous addition of autologous epithelial cells for oral lesion defect reconstruction.
  • Surgical wounds reconstructed with artificial dermis plus scraped epithelial cells were evaluated in 5 patients with oral benign lesions or squamous cell carcinoma.
  • Clinical observation showed that the oral mucosal texture was smoother in artificial dermis with added epithelial cells at 4 weeks postoperation compared with artificial dermis alone.
  • We showed that healthy granulation tissue and neoepithelial formation in artificial dermis with epithelial cells was beneficial for the repair of oral defects.
  • Scraping oral epithelial cells and applying them to artificial dermis assisted in the early preparation of composite grafts and minimized requirement for donor sites.
  • This technique may improve the treatment of patients with oral benign tumors and early-stage squamous cell carcinoma.
  • [MeSH-major] Carcinoma, Squamous Cell / surgery. Dermis / transplantation. Epithelial Cells / transplantation. Mouth Neoplasms / surgery. Skin, Artificial. Wound Healing
  • [MeSH-minor] Humans. Mouth Mucosa / surgery. Transplantation, Autologous

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  • [Copyright] Copyright 2010 Elsevier. Published by Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
  • (PMID = 20171593.001).
  • [ISSN] 1728-7731
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of the Chinese Medical Association : JCMA
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Chin Med Assoc
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] China (Republic : 1949- )
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7. Folk GS, Williams SB, Foss RB, Fanburg-Smith JC: Oral and maxillofacial sclerosing epithelioid fibrosarcoma: report of five cases. Head Neck Pathol; 2007 Sep;1(1):13-20
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Oral and maxillofacial sclerosing epithelioid fibrosarcoma: report of five cases.
  • Lesions involving the oral and maxillofacial region (OMFR) and intraosseous examples are rare.
  • The OMF Pathology Department Registry was searched for cases coded from 1990 to the present as "SEF," "fibrosarcoma not otherwise specified" or "neoplasm of uncertain histiogenesis."
  • Tumor location included the infra-temporal fossa, buccal mucosa (recurrence extending into bone), anterior mandible (intraosseous primary, focally extending into soft tissue), and left parotid and submandibular gland (with metaplastic bone) regions.
  • Tumor sizes ranged from 1.0 to 5.7 cm, median 3.5 cm.
  • Histologically, the tumors were well delineated and multinodular, separated by fibrous septae.
  • The spindled to primarily epithelioid tumor cells formed moderately cellular sheets and cords of irregularly contoured medium to large, round to oval, occasionally overlapping nuclei, indistinct nucleoli, wispy eosinophilic (retracting) cytoplasm, and distinctive cytoplasmic borders, embedded in osteoid-like stroma.
  • Three tumors were graded as 2/3 and two 1/3.
  • Immunohistochemically, the tumor cells were positive for vimentin, 1 case focally for CD34, whereas all cases were negative for S100 protein, keratins, EMA, desmin, and SMA.
  • The differential diagnosis for these tumors in this site includes sclerosing carcinoma, Ewing/PNET, osteosarcoma, osteoblastoma, and benign and malignant myoepithelial salivary gland tumors.
  • The collagen, focal spindle cell features, HPC-like vasculature, and weak focal CD34 reactivity in one case might have raised a possible relationship between OMFRSEF and low grade malignant solitary fibrous tumor, but the intraosseous propensity, epithelioid features and relative lack of CD34 make this a distinctive entity.
  • [MeSH-major] Facial Bones / pathology. Fibrosarcoma / pathology. Maxilla / pathology. Mouth Neoplasms / pathology. Soft Tissue Neoplasms / pathology
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Apoptosis. Biomarkers, Tumor / metabolism. Diagnosis, Differential. Epithelioid Cells / metabolism. Epithelioid Cells / pathology. Female. Histiocytoma, Benign Fibrous / diagnosis. Humans. Leiomyoma / diagnosis. Male. Middle Aged. Sclerosis. Solitary Fibrous Tumors / diagnosis. Young Adult

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  • [ErratumIn] Head Neck Pathol. 2013 Mar;7(1):103
  • (PMID = 20614275.001).
  • [ISSN] 1936-0568
  • [Journal-full-title] Head and neck pathology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Head Neck Pathol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Biomarkers, Tumor
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC2807507
  • [Keywords] NOTNLM ; Maxillofacial / Oral / Sarcoma / Sclerosing epithelioid fibrosarcoma
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8. Nikitakis NG, Argyris P, Sklavounou A, Papadimitriou JC: Oral myoepithelioma of soft tissue origin: report of a new case and literature review. Oral Surg Oral Med Oral Pathol Oral Radiol Endod; 2010 Nov;110(5):e48-51

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Oral myoepithelioma of soft tissue origin: report of a new case and literature review.
  • Oral myoepithelioma of soft tissue origin, an entity distinct from myoepithelioma of salivary glands, constitutes an extremely rare benign neoplasm, with only 1 previously published case, affecting the tongue of a 22-year-old woman.
  • Ectomesenchymal chondromyxoid tumour (ECT) also is a very rare benign neoplasm of the oral cavity that has a strong predilection for the anterior dorsum of the tongue.
  • A review of the relevant literature is made and the relationship between oral STM and ECT discussed.
  • [MeSH-major] Myoepithelioma / diagnosis. Tongue Neoplasms / diagnosis
  • [MeSH-minor] Actins / analysis. Antigens, CD57 / analysis. Cell Nucleus / ultrastructure. Chromatin / ultrastructure. Cytoplasm / ultrastructure. Desmin / analysis. Diagnosis, Differential. Glial Fibrillary Acidic Protein / analysis. Humans. Male. Middle Aged. Mouth Mucosa / pathology. Muscle, Skeletal / pathology. Neoplasms, Complex and Mixed / diagnosis. S100 Proteins / analysis. Vimentin / analysis

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  • [Copyright] Copyright © 2010 Mosby, Inc. All rights reserved.
  • (PMID = 20955943.001).
  • [ISSN] 1528-395X
  • [Journal-full-title] Oral surgery, oral medicine, oral pathology, oral radiology, and endodontics
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Oral Surg Oral Med Oral Pathol Oral Radiol Endod
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Actins; 0 / Antigens, CD57; 0 / Chromatin; 0 / Desmin; 0 / Glial Fibrillary Acidic Protein; 0 / S100 Proteins; 0 / Vimentin
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9. Lin C, Li J, Lu N: [Analysis of 2161 cases of neoplasm in oral maxillofacial region in Xinjiang]. Zhonghua Kou Qiang Yi Xue Za Zhi; 2010 Sep;45(9):553-5
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] [Analysis of 2161 cases of neoplasm in oral maxillofacial region in Xinjiang].
  • OBJECTIVE: To investigate the incidence and constituent characteristic of neoplasm in oromaxillo-facial region in Xinjiang.
  • METHODS: A total of 2161 patients with benign or malignant oral-maxillofacial tumors diagnosed in Department of Dentofacial Surgery of the First Affiliated Hospital of Xinjiang Medical College from 1995 to 2009 were analyzed retrospectively.
  • RESULTS: Of the 2161 cases, 58.49% (1264/2161) was benign tumors, 33.13% (716/2161) malignant tumors, and 8.38% (181/2161) tumor-like lesions.
  • The most common benign tumors were pleomorphic adenoma, hemangioma, papilloma, adenolymphoma and ameloblastoma.
  • Squamous cell carcinoma constituted the majority of the malignant tumors.
  • The most common malignant tumors of salivary gland were adenoid cystic carcinoma.
  • The most common odontogenic tumors was ameloblastoma.
  • The most common sites of malignant tumors were tongue, lip, parotiod gland and buccal mucosa.
  • CONCLUSIONS: The common pathological type of oral and maxillofacial benign neoplasm and the most common sites of malignancy in Xinjiang region were similar to those of other places inside and outside the country.
  • Adenoid cystic carcinoma was more common than other salivary originated tumors.
  • There was more malignant tumors in Uygur nationality than in Han living in the same region.
  • [MeSH-major] Mouth Neoplasms / pathology
  • [MeSH-minor] Adenolymphoma. Adenoma, Pleomorphic. Ameloblastoma. Carcinoma, Adenoid Cystic / epidemiology. Carcinoma, Adenoid Cystic / pathology. Carcinoma, Squamous Cell / epidemiology. Carcinoma, Squamous Cell / pathology. China / epidemiology. Face. Humans. Incidence. Mouth Mucosa. Odontogenic Tumors. Retrospective Studies. Salivary Gland Neoplasms

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  • (PMID = 21122451.001).
  • [ISSN] 1002-0098
  • [Journal-full-title] Zhonghua kou qiang yi xue za zhi = Zhonghua kouqiang yixue zazhi = Chinese journal of stomatology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Zhonghua Kou Qiang Yi Xue Za Zhi
  • [Language] chi
  • [Publication-type] English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] China
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10. Prado JD, Andrade RG, Silva-Sousa YT, Andrade MF, Soares FA, Perez DE: Nerve sheath myxoma of the gingiva: report of a rare case and review of the literature. J Periodontol; 2007 Aug;78(8):1639-43

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • BACKGROUND: Nerve sheath myxoma (NSM) is an extremely rare benign neoplasm in the oral cavity.
  • According to the histopathologic and immunohistochemical features, the diagnosis of NSM was established.
  • CONCLUSION: Although NSM is an extremely rare oral tumor, it should be considered in the clinical differential diagnosis of gingival nodules.
  • [MeSH-major] Gingival Neoplasms / diagnosis. Myxoma / diagnosis. Nerve Sheath Neoplasms / diagnosis
  • [MeSH-minor] Aged, 80 and over. Diagnosis, Differential. Female. Follow-Up Studies. Gingival Hyperplasia / diagnosis. Humans. Incisor / pathology. Mandible / pathology. S100 Proteins / analysis. Vimentin / analysis

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  • (PMID = 17668985.001).
  • [ISSN] 0022-3492
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of periodontology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Periodontol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / S100 Proteins; 0 / Vimentin
  • [Number-of-references] 28
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11. Xing RD, Chang SM, Li JH, Li H, Han ZX: Serum hyaluronan levels in oral cancer patients. Chin Med J (Engl); 2008 Feb 20;121(4):327-30
Hazardous Substances Data Bank. HYALURONIC ACID .

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Serum hyaluronan levels in oral cancer patients.
  • BACKGROUND: Hyaluronan (HA) is most likely associated with tumor invasion and metastasis.
  • Studies have shown that HA levels are often increased in serum of patients with various malignant tumors.
  • The purpose of this study was to determine the levels of serum hyaluronan in patients with oral cancer and evaluate the value of serum HA in adjuvant diagnosis, staging and monitoring treatment response in these patients.
  • METHODS: Eighty-four hospitalized patients with oral cancer, 65 patients with benign tumors in the oral and maxillofacial region and 67 healthy individuals were included in this investigation.
  • One week after therapy, venous blood was collected once again in 43 patients with oral cancer.
  • RESULTS: The serum HA concentration was significantly higher in oral cancer patients than in patients with benign tumors and in healthy controls (P<0.05).
  • After a complete treatment the HA levels in patients with oral cancer became lower than before treatment, but the difference was not significant (P>0.05).
  • CONCLUSIONS: The results of this study suggest that the determination of HA levels may provide additional information in diagnosis of oral cancer, but its usefulness as an adjunct in clinical staging and in monitoring treatment response was limited.
  • [MeSH-major] Hyaluronic Acid / blood. Mouth Neoplasms / blood
  • [MeSH-minor] Aged. Humans. Middle Aged. Neoplasm Staging

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  • (PMID = 18304465.001).
  • [ISSN] 0366-6999
  • [Journal-full-title] Chinese medical journal
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Chin. Med. J.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] China
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 9004-61-9 / Hyaluronic Acid
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12. Weissferdt A, Langman G: An intracapsular carcinoma ex pleomorphic adenoma with lung metastases composed exclusively of benign elements: histological evidence of a continuum between metastasizing pleomorphic adenoma and carcinoma ex pleomorphic adenoma. Pathol Res Pract; 2010 Jul 15;206(7):480-3
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  • [Title] An intracapsular carcinoma ex pleomorphic adenoma with lung metastases composed exclusively of benign elements: histological evidence of a continuum between metastasizing pleomorphic adenoma and carcinoma ex pleomorphic adenoma.
  • Malignant mixed tumors of the salivary glands, encompassing carcinoma ex pleomorphic adenoma (ca ex PA), carcinosarcoma and metastasizing pleomorphic adenoma (mPA), are rare neoplasms.
  • When the malignant component does not breach the capsule of the parent PA, the lesion is termed intracapsular ca ex PA, a neoplasm which is thought to have no metastatic potential.
  • Metastatic deposits of ca ex PA are composed exclusively of malignant elements or mixed benign and malignant components.
  • The metastatic deposits resembled benign PA with no histological evidence of malignancy.
  • This pattern of spread is described with mPA, an entity that caused controversy in the past regarding its exact classification as a benign or malignant tumor.
  • [MeSH-major] Adenoma, Pleomorphic / pathology. Lung Neoplasms / secondary. Mouth Mucosa / pathology. Salivary Gland Neoplasms / pathology

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  • [Copyright] Copyright 2009 Elsevier GmbH. All rights reserved.
  • (PMID = 19665316.001).
  • [ISSN] 1618-0631
  • [Journal-full-title] Pathology, research and practice
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Pathol. Res. Pract.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Germany
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13. Prochasek W, Koszowski R, Steplewska K: [A rare case of neurilemmoma of the floor of the mouth]. Wiad Lek; 2008;61(7-9):236-8
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  • [Title] [A rare case of neurilemmoma of the floor of the mouth].
  • Neurilemmoma is a benign neoplasm of neuroectodermal origin.
  • The authors present a rare case of this lesion localized in the oral cavity.
  • Clinical symptoms, histologic structure of the tumor, methods of treatment and differential diagnosis are described.
  • [MeSH-major] Mouth Floor. Mouth Neoplasms / pathology. Mouth Neoplasms / surgery. Neurilemmoma / pathology. Neurilemmoma / surgery
  • [MeSH-minor] Diagnosis, Differential. Humans. Male. Mouth Mucosa / pathology. Mouth Mucosa / surgery. Treatment Outcome. Young Adult

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  • (PMID = 19172839.001).
  • [ISSN] 0043-5147
  • [Journal-full-title] Wiadomości lekarskie (Warsaw, Poland : 1960)
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Wiad. Lek.
  • [Language] pol
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Poland
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14. Hamsch C, Hartschuh W: Microcystic adnexal carcinoma - aggressive infiltrative tumor often with innocent clinical appearance. J Dtsch Dermatol Ges; 2010 Apr;8(4):275-8
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  • [Title] Microcystic adnexal carcinoma - aggressive infiltrative tumor often with innocent clinical appearance.
  • The benign histologic appearance, particularly in the upper level of the tumor, can be confused with syringoma or benign follicular neoplasm.
  • We report two patients with microcystic adnexal carcinoma, using them as a basis to discuss, pathogenesis, diagnosis, histology and therapy of the tumor.
  • [MeSH-major] Adenoma, Sweat Gland / pathology. Adenoma, Sweat Gland / surgery. Facial Neoplasms / pathology. Facial Neoplasms / surgery. Mouth Neoplasms / pathology. Mouth Neoplasms / surgery

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  • (PMID = 19788582.001).
  • [ISSN] 1610-0387
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal der Deutschen Dermatologischen Gesellschaft = Journal of the German Society of Dermatology : JDDG
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Dtsch Dermatol Ges
  • [Language] eng; ger
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Germany
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15. Rawal YB, Anderson KM, Rawal SY: Multinucleate cell angiohistiocytoma: an uncommon mucosal tumour. Clin Exp Dermatol; 2009 Apr;34(3):333-6
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Multinucleate cell angiohistiocytoma: an uncommon mucosal tumour.
  • Multinucleate cell angiohistiocytoma (MCAH) is an uncommon benign soft-tissue lesion with characteristic histological and immunohistochemical features.
  • It is unclear if it represents a benign neoplasm or a reactive/inflammatory process.
  • The overwhelming majority of these tumors have been described on cutaneous surfaces.
  • This is the first documentation of MCAH within the oral cavity.
  • Because of the benign nature of this lesion, a conservative approach is recommended in its management.
  • [MeSH-major] Histiocytoma / pathology. Mouth Neoplasms / pathology
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Cell Nucleus / pathology. Dendritic Cells / pathology. Dental Caries / complications. Humans. Male. Mouth Mucosa / pathology

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  • (PMID = 19040523.001).
  • [ISSN] 1365-2230
  • [Journal-full-title] Clinical and experimental dermatology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Clin. Exp. Dermatol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] England
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16. Ferreti Bonan PR, Martelli H Jr, Nogueira Dos Santos LA, Comini Mol V, Paes De Almeida O: Multinodular neurilemmoma of the tongue: a case report with differential immunohistochemical profile. Minerva Stomatol; 2008 Jan-Feb;57(1-2):71-5

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  • Neurilemmoma is a distinctive, encapsulated, benign tumor, derived from Schwann cells.
  • It is the most common neurogenic tumor, eventually occurring in the mouth, particularly the tongue.
  • The presumptive diagnosis was of a benign mesenchymal neoplasm and an excisional biopsy was performed.
  • Histopathologic evaluation revealed an encapsulated benign tissue, formed by spindle cells forming irregular Antoni A and Antoni B patterns, not easily recognizable.
  • [MeSH-major] Neurilemmoma / pathology. Tongue Neoplasms / pathology

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  • (PMID = 18427374.001).
  • [ISSN] 0026-4970
  • [Journal-full-title] Minerva stomatologica
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Minerva Stomatol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Italy
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17. Abbo O, Breibach F, Vaysse F, Kessler S, Guitard J, Galinier P: [Antenatal diagnosis of a congenital granular cell tumor]. Rev Stomatol Chir Maxillofac; 2010 Apr;111(2):91-3

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  • [Title] [Antenatal diagnosis of a congenital granular cell tumor].
  • [Transliterated title] Tumeur granuleuse gingivale congénitale de découverte anténatale.
  • INTRODUCTION: Neuman's tumors also called congenital epulis or congenital gingival granulomatous tumors are rare and benign oral cavity tumors.
  • A maxillary tumor in the fetus was revealed by the third trimester US.
  • A fetal MRI was prescribed, after discussion with the antenatal diagnostic center, to determine the localization, size, and nature of the tumor.
  • It revealed a 3 cm long tumor with cystic like areas not communicating with the encephalus.
  • Histological analysis confirmed the diagnosis.
  • DISCUSSION: A prenatal diagnosis of congenital gingival granulomatous tumor is rare.
  • Nevertheless, prenatal diagnosis allows for a better postnatal management.
  • [MeSH-major] Gingival Neoplasms / congenital. Granular Cell Tumor / congenital. Ultrasonography, Prenatal

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  • (PMID = 20074764.001).
  • [ISSN] 1776-257X
  • [Journal-full-title] Revue de stomatologie et de chirurgie maxillo-faciale
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Rev Stomatol Chir Maxillofac
  • [Language] fre
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] France
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18. Driemel O, Berndt A, Hartmann A, Mueller-Richter UD, Bauer R, Reichert TE, Kosmehl H: [Clinical and immunohistochemical findings of intra- and extraoral angiosarcomas]. Mund Kiefer Gesichtschir; 2006 Jul;10(4):239-47
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  • PURPOSE: A clinico-pathologic study of typical symptoms of intra- and extraoral angiosarcomas and clinical course under therapy is presented as well as an analysis of the immunohistochemical differential diagnosis of the tumour specific formed spaces.
  • RESULTS: While the benign appearance of the lesions resulted primarily in wrong diagnoses the histopathologic examination of the biopsies revealed the characteristic pattern of angiosarcomas.
  • Wide surgical excision, radiotherapy and/or antiangiogenic chemotherapy could not prevent tumour progression and death within two and a half years after primary diagnosis.
  • The tumour associated structural defect of vascular lamina with partial loss of pericytes/vascular smooth muscle cells was identified immunohistochemically by alpha-smooth-muscle-actin and for the first time by tenascin-C.
  • ) The variable presentation and the benign appearance of oral and perioral angiosarcomas may often delay diagnosis.
  • Oral and perioral angiosarcomas show poor prognosis despite of multimodal therapy. (2.
  • [MeSH-major] Alveolar Process. Biomarkers, Tumor / analysis. Cheek. Hemangiosarcoma / pathology. Mandibular Neoplasms / pathology. Maxillary Sinus Neoplasms / pathology. Mouth Neoplasms / pathology
  • [MeSH-minor] Aged. Humans. Male. Middle Aged. Neoplasm Invasiveness. Prognosis. Retrospective Studies

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  • (PMID = 16788797.001).
  • [ISSN] 1432-9417
  • [Journal-full-title] Mund-, Kiefer- und Gesichtschirurgie : MKG
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Mund Kiefer Gesichtschir
  • [Language] ger
  • [Publication-type] English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Germany
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Biomarkers, Tumor
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19. Mishra M, Mohanty J, Sengupta S, Tripathy S: Epidemiological and clinicopathological study of oral leukoplakia. Indian J Dermatol Venereol Leprol; 2005 May-Jun;71(3):161-5
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Epidemiological and clinicopathological study of oral leukoplakia.
  • BACKGROUND: Oral white lesions that cannot be clinically or pathologically characterized by any specific disease are referred to as leukoplakia.
  • AIMS: A clinico-epidemiological and cytological study of oral leukoplakia was undertaken to detect their malignant potential and value of cytology in diagnosis.
  • METHODS: This 2 year duration multicentre study was undertaken on all patients presenting with oral white lesions to the out patient department of the two institutions.
  • Those cases in which a specific cause (infective, systemic disease or specific disease entity) for the white lesions were elicited were excluded from the study.
  • RESULTS: Out of total 2920 patients studied, 89.53% showed benign, 9.93% showed dysplastic and, 0.72% showed malignant cells on exfoliative cytological study.
  • Among the dysplastic lesions 13.79% proved benign and the rest true dysplastic.
  • [MeSH-major] Leukoplakia, Oral / epidemiology. Leukoplakia, Oral / pathology. Precancerous Conditions / pathology
  • [MeSH-minor] Adolescent. Adult. Age Distribution. Aged. Aged, 80 and over. Ambulatory Care. Biopsy, Needle. Child. Female. Follow-Up Studies. Humans. Immunohistochemistry. Incidence. India / epidemiology. Male. Middle Aged. Mouth Neoplasms / epidemiology. Mouth Neoplasms / pathology. Mouth Neoplasms / surgery. Neoplasm Staging. Observer Variation. Prospective Studies. Risk Assessment. Sex Distribution. Treatment Outcome

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  • (PMID = 16394403.001).
  • [ISSN] 0378-6323
  • [Journal-full-title] Indian journal of dermatology, venereology and leprology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Indian J Dermatol Venereol Leprol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Multicenter Study
  • [Publication-country] India
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20. Oliveira RC, Marques KD, Mendonça AR, Mendonça EF, Silva MR, Batista AC, Ribeiro-Rotta RF: Chondrosarcoma of the temporomandibular joint: a case report in a child. J Orofac Pain; 2009;23(3):275-81
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  • Chondrosarcoma is a malignant cartilaginous neoplasm that resembles synovial chondromatosis.
  • The present case was of an 11-year-old girl referred to an Oral Disease Center and presenting with a preauricular swelling on the right side and normal ENT evaluation.
  • Discrete pain and mild limitation of mouth opening were observed.
  • Microscopic findings showed a tumor exhibiting cartilaginous tissue proliferation with cellular pleomorphism, nuclear hyperchromasia, and mixoid changes in the matrix.
  • It is concluded that cartilaginous lesions in the jaws must be regarded with suspicion, since benign and malignant lesions may show similar clinical features.
  • [MeSH-minor] Child. Cyclin B / analysis. Cyclin B1. Diagnosis, Differential. Female. Humans. Immunohistochemistry. Ki-67 Antigen / analysis. Mandibular Condyle / pathology. Temporomandibular Joint / pathology

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  • (PMID = 19639107.001).
  • [ISSN] 1064-6655
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of orofacial pain
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Orofac Pain
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / CCNB1 protein, human; 0 / Cyclin B; 0 / Cyclin B1; 0 / Ki-67 Antigen
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21. Tosios KI, Koutlas IG, Kyriakopoulos VF, Balta M, Theologie-Lygidakis N, Vardas E, Iatrou I: Time to abandon the term angiomyolipoma for non-PEComatous angiomyomatous (or angiomatous) oral tumors with adipocytes. Oral Surg Oral Med Oral Pathol Oral Radiol Endod; 2010 Oct;110(4):492-7
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  • [Title] Time to abandon the term angiomyolipoma for non-PEComatous angiomyomatous (or angiomatous) oral tumors with adipocytes.
  • Angiomyolipoma (AML) is the most common benign mesenchymal neoplasm of the kidneys with well-established clinical and morphological features.
  • The oral and maxillofacial pathology literature contains several examples that identify angiomyomatous proliferations of the oral mucosa that contain an adipocytic component as analogous to classic renal AMLs although they differ significantly in their immunohistochemical phenotype.
  • Herein, through review of the pertinent oral pathology literature and the detailed description of 2 lesions, one an oral angiomyoma with an adipocytic component and the other an apparently hamartomatous angioleiomyomatous proliferation with adipocytes, we provide, in our opinion, a solid argument against the use of the term AML for non-PEComatous oral tumors.
  • [MeSH-major] Angiomyolipoma / classification. Mouth Neoplasms / classification. Terminology as Topic

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  • [Copyright] Copyright © 2010 Mosby, Inc. All rights reserved.
  • (PMID = 20674420.001).
  • [ISSN] 1528-395X
  • [Journal-full-title] Oral surgery, oral medicine, oral pathology, oral radiology, and endodontics
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Oral Surg Oral Med Oral Pathol Oral Radiol Endod
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Actins; 0 / Desmin; 0 / S100 Proteins; 0 / von Willebrand Factor
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22. Martín-Ezquerra G, Salgado R, Toll A, Gilaberte M, Baró T, Alameda Quitllet F, Yébenes M, Solé F, Garcia-Muret M, Espinet B, Pujol RM: Multiple genetic copy number alterations in oral squamous cell carcinoma: study of MYC, TP53, CCDN1, EGFR and ERBB2 status in primary and metastatic tumours. Br J Dermatol; 2010 Nov;163(5):1028-35
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  • [Title] Multiple genetic copy number alterations in oral squamous cell carcinoma: study of MYC, TP53, CCDN1, EGFR and ERBB2 status in primary and metastatic tumours.
  • BACKGROUND: Oncogenesis in the oral cavity is believed to result from genetic alterations that cause a stepwise transformation of the mucosa to invasive carcinoma.
  • In oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC) multiple cytogenetic abnormalities have been reported, but their practical significance remains uncertain.
  • METHODS: Fifty-one consecutive samples of OSCC, nine lymph node biopsies showing metastatic spread from OSCC, 16 biopsies diagnosed as oral leucoplakia (OLK), 13 samples corresponding to oral lichen planus (OLP) and 14 samples from normal oral mucosa were included in the study.
  • The genetic and protein status of the CCND1, MYC, EGFR, ERBB2 oncogenes and the TP53 tumour suppressor gene were assessed by fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) and immunohistochemistry (IHC).
  • Overexpression of p53, Myc, Cyclin D1, c-erbB-2 and epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) was more prevalent in malignant samples than benign samples (P < 0·05).
  • Evaluation of the genetic status of TP53, MYC, CCND1, ERBB2 and EGFR may be an additional diagnostic tool in distinguishing benign from malignant oral lesions in histopathologically challenging cases.
  • [MeSH-major] Carcinoma, Squamous Cell / genetics. Gene Dosage. Mouth Neoplasms / genetics. Oncogenes / genetics
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Aged. Aged, 80 and over. Biomarkers, Tumor / genetics. Biomarkers, Tumor / metabolism. Biopsy. Cyclin D1 / genetics. Cyclin D1 / metabolism. Female. Genes, p53 / genetics. Humans. Lymph Nodes. Male. Middle Aged. Neoplasm Metastasis / genetics. Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-myc / genetics. Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-myc / metabolism. Receptor, Epidermal Growth Factor / genetics. Receptor, Epidermal Growth Factor / metabolism. Receptor, ErbB-2 / genetics. Receptor, ErbB-2 / metabolism


23. Di Giovanni A, Parente P, Colli R: Recurrent plexiform schwannoma in vestibular mucosa. G Chir; 2006 Mar;27(3):105-8
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • Schwannoma, also called neurilemmoma, is a benign neoplasm of peripheral nerve sheath.
  • Surgical treatment has been discussed on the base of histological findings and diagnosis.
  • [MeSH-major] Mouth Mucosa / pathology. Mouth Neoplasms. Neoplasm Recurrence, Local. Neurilemmoma

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  • (PMID = 16681871.001).
  • [ISSN] 0391-9005
  • [Journal-full-title] Il Giornale di chirurgia
  • [ISO-abbreviation] G Chir
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Italy
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24. Diniz MG, Borges ER, Guimarães AL, Moreira PR, Brito JA, Gomez MV, De Marco L, Gomez RS: PTCH1 isoforms in odontogenic keratocysts. Oral Oncol; 2009 Mar;45(3):291-5

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • Odontogenic keratocyst (OKC) is an aggressive benign odontogenic neoplasm associated with PTCH1 alteration.
  • The aim of the present study was to investigate the expression of PTCH1 first exons in OKC tumors to shed light on scenery whereby PTCH1 coordinates OKC tumorigenesis.
  • In addition, the pattern of exon 1 expression observed in oral mucosa adjacent to the OKC was similar to the OKC tumor.
  • In conclusion, this report showed overactivity of Hedgehog (HH) pathway in OKC lesion and at adjacent oral mucosa.
  • [MeSH-minor] Adolescent. Adult. Basal Cell Nevus Syndrome / genetics. Basal Cell Nevus Syndrome / metabolism. Exons / genetics. Female. Humans. Male. Middle Aged. Mouth Mucosa / metabolism. Protein Isoforms / genetics. Protein Isoforms / metabolism. Reverse Transcriptase Polymerase Chain Reaction. Signal Transduction. Young Adult

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  • (PMID = 18674957.001).
  • [ISSN] 1879-0593
  • [Journal-full-title] Oral oncology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Oral Oncol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Protein Isoforms; 0 / Receptors, Cell Surface; 0 / patched receptors
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25. Yalçin F, Yalçin S, Berber L, Gür H: Peripheral giant cell granuloma combined with facial hemangioma. A case report. J Int Acad Periodontol; 2005 Oct;7(4):108-13
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • Peripheral giant cell granuloma (PGCG) is a relatively uncommon benign tumor of the oral cavity affecting people of all ages and with no racial predilection.
  • Hemangioma is a benign process in which there are an increased number of normal or abnormal-appearing blood vessels.
  • [MeSH-major] Facial Neoplasms / complications. Gingival Diseases / complications. Granuloma, Giant Cell / complications. Hemangioma / complications. Skin Neoplasms / complications

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  • (PMID = 16245641.001).
  • [ISSN] 1466-2094
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of the International Academy of Periodontology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Int Acad Periodontol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] England
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26. Bologna-Molina R, Mosqueda-Taylor A, Lopez-Corella E, Almeida OP, Carrasco-Daza D, Garcia-Vazquez F, Farfan-Morales JE, Irigoyen-Camacho ME, Damián-Matsumura P: Syndecan-1 (CD138) and Ki-67 expression in different subtypes of ameloblastomas. Oral Oncol; 2008 Aug;44(8):805-11

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • Ameloblastoma is the most frequent odontogenic tumor and is considered a benign, but locally invasive, neoplasm with variable clinico-pathological expression.
  • The salient finding was that expression of syndecan-1 was related to the histological subtype of tumors, as there was a lower expression in SA (40.2%) as compared to UA (49.7%) (p<0.05).
  • The lack of correlation between reduction of the syndecan-1 and Ki-67 index may be due to the different histomorphologies of both types of ameloblastoma, and more studies are necessary to better understand the role of this protein in the biological behavior of these tumors.
  • [MeSH-major] Ameloblastoma / metabolism. Ki-67 Antigen / metabolism. Neoplasm Proteins / metabolism. Syndecan-1 / metabolism
  • [MeSH-minor] Adolescent. Adult. Aged. Child. Child, Preschool. Down-Regulation. Female. Gene Expression. Humans. Immunohistochemistry. Male. Middle Aged. Mouth Mucosa / metabolism. Tooth Germ / metabolism. Young Adult

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  • (PMID = 18207448.001).
  • [ISSN] 1368-8375
  • [Journal-full-title] Oral oncology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Oral Oncol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Ki-67 Antigen; 0 / Neoplasm Proteins; 0 / Syndecan-1
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27. Patterson MM, Rogers AB, Mansfield KG, Schrenzel MD: Oral papillomas and papilliform lesions in rhesus macaques (Macaca mulatta). Comp Med; 2005 Feb;55(1):75-9
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  • [Title] Oral papillomas and papilliform lesions in rhesus macaques (Macaca mulatta).
  • Oral papillomas in two male rhesus macaques that were diagnosed morphologically as filiform and squamous types are described.
  • Two additional macaques had oral papilliform lesions consistent histologically with papillary hyperplasia.
  • Immunohistochemistry, along with electron microscopy and PCR assays, failed to demonstrate evidence of papillomavirus in any of the tumors; however, such results are often lacking when suspect oral lesions in humans and other species are assessed.
  • Benign tumors of the oral epithelium in macaques have not been reported previously; they appear to be rare and of variable clinical significance.
  • [MeSH-major] Macaca mulatta. Monkey Diseases / pathology. Mouth Neoplasms / pathology. Mouth Neoplasms / veterinary. Papilloma / veterinary

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  • (PMID = 15766213.001).
  • [ISSN] 1532-0820
  • [Journal-full-title] Comparative medicine
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Comp. Med.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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28. Studart-Soares EC, Costa FW, Sousa FB, Alves AP, Osterne RL: Oral lipomas in a Brazilian population: a 10-year study and analysis of 450 cases reported in the literature. Med Oral Patol Oral Cir Bucal; 2010 Sep;15(5):e691-6
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Oral lipomas in a Brazilian population: a 10-year study and analysis of 450 cases reported in the literature.
  • OBJECTIVES: Lipomas are common benign mesenchymal neoplasms that rarely occur in the oral cavity and correspond to less than 4.4% of all benign oral soft tissue tumors.
  • This study describes the clinical, radiological and histological features of cases of oral lipomas seen over a period of 10 years and compared the findings with those reported in the literature.
  • STUDY DESIGN: All cases of oral lipomas seen between 1999 and 2009 were retrieved from the archives of the Stomatology Division of the Federal University of Ceará, Brazil.
  • Age, gender, tumor location, clinical findings, duration, histological subtypes, and treatment outcome were recorded.
  • The specific sites involved were the oral mucosa (n=5), vestibule (n=3), gingiva (n=1), and retromolar region (n=1).
  • The mean size of the tumors was 1.94 cm (range 1.0 to 3.0 cm).
  • The duration of the tumors ranged from 2 to 84 months, with a mean duration of 30.4 months.
  • The findings were compared with 450 cases of oral lipomas reported in the literature.
  • CONCLUSIONS: Lipomas continue to be an uncommon neoplasm of the oral cavity.
  • [MeSH-major] Lipoma / diagnosis. Mouth Neoplasms / diagnosis

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  • (PMID = 20383107.001).
  • [ISSN] 1698-6946
  • [Journal-full-title] Medicina oral, patología oral y cirugía bucal
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Med Oral Patol Oral Cir Bucal
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] Spain
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29. Vieira Cury SE, Chain Hartung Habibe R, Siroteau Corrêa Pontes F, Rebelo Pontes HA, Santos De Freitas Silva B, Dos Santos Pinto JD: Oral hobnail hemangioma: case report. Minerva Stomatol; 2009 Nov-Dec;58(11-12):613-6
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  • [Title] Oral hobnail hemangioma: case report.
  • Hobnail hemangioma (HH) is a rare benign vascular neoplasm reported as a distinctive small benign, solitary vascular neoplasm of the superficial and mid-dermis occurring on the face, trunk, or extremities of young or middle-aged adults.
  • The oral manifestations are quite uncommon, with only three cases reported in the English language literature.
  • In the oral cavity, the differential diagnosis includes hemangioma, melanoma, and Kaposi's sarcoma, whose clinical and histological features may be confused with those of HH.
  • [MeSH-major] Hemangioma / pathology. Mouth Mucosa / pathology. Palatal Neoplasms / pathology. Palate, Hard / pathology
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Diagnosis, Differential. Female. Humans. Lymphangioma / diagnosis. Melanoma / diagnosis. Sarcoma, Kaposi / diagnosis

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  • (PMID = 20027132.001).
  • [ISSN] 0026-4970
  • [Journal-full-title] Minerva stomatologica
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Minerva Stomatol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Italy
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30. Jayanthi JL, Mallia RJ, Shiny ST, Baiju KV, Mathews A, Kumar R, Sebastian P, Madhavan J, Aparna GN, Subhash N: Discriminant analysis of autofluorescence spectra for classification of oral lesions in vivo. Lasers Surg Med; 2009 Jul;41(5):345-52
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  • [Title] Discriminant analysis of autofluorescence spectra for classification of oral lesions in vivo.
  • BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Low survival rate of individuals with oral cancer emphasize the significance of early detection and treatment.
  • Optical spectroscopic techniques are under various stages of development for diagnosis of epithelial neoplasm.
  • This study evaluates the potential of a multivariate statistical algorithm to classify oral mucosa from autofluorescence spectral features recorded in vivo.
  • RESULTS: Autofluorescence spectra of healthy volunteers consists of a broad emission at 500 nm that is characteristic of endogenous fluorophores, whereas in malignant lesions three additional peaks are observed at 635, 685, and 705 nm due to the accumulation of porphyrins in oral lesions.
  • It was observed that classification design based on discriminant function scores obtained by LDA-LOO method was able to differentiate pre-malignant dysplasia from squamous cell carcinoma (SCC), benign hyperplasia from dysplasia and hyperplasia from normal with overall sensitivities of 86%, 78%, and 92%, and specificities of 90%, 100%, and 100%, respectively.
  • CONCLUSIONS: The application of LDA-LOO method on the autofluorescence spectra recorded during a clinical trial in patients was found suitable to discriminate oral mucosal alterations during tissue transformation towards malignancy with improved diagnostic accuracies.
  • [MeSH-major] Mouth Diseases / classification. Mouth Diseases / pathology

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  • (PMID = 19533763.001).
  • [ISSN] 1096-9101
  • [Journal-full-title] Lasers in surgery and medicine
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Lasers Surg Med
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] United States
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31. Saleh HA, Clayman L, Masri H: Fine needle aspiration biopsy of intraoral and oropharyngeal mass lesions. Cytojournal; 2008;5:4
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • BACKGROUND: Fine needle aspiration (FNA) biopsy has been rarely used in oral and oropharyngeal lesions.
  • The goal of this study was to assess the value and accuracy of FNA biopsy in the diagnosis of oral and oropharyngeal lesions particularly in regards to discriminating benign from malignant tumors.
  • The sites of involvement were: lip 1, maxillary sinus 3, pharynx/oropharynx 5, floor of mouth 4, buccal mucosa 2 and peritonsillar area 1.
  • Cytologically, 7 cases were diagnosed as suspicious/malignant, and 9 cases as benign (including 6 benign neoplasm, 1 atypical, and 2 reactive or "descriptive").
  • Fifteen cases had corresponding surgical resection for histologic examination, of these, 9 cases were interpreted as malignant, and 6 as benign.
  • Two cases were interpreted as benign or atypical cytologically, but were found to be malignant on histologic examination.
  • Furthermore, aspiration biopsy is an important tool in the diagnosis and management of these lesions, both neoplastic and non-neoplastic, and can be sometimes complemented by ancillary studies for more accurate interpretation.
  • However, its sensitivity in the diagnosis of malignancy is lower than that of histologic samples.

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  • [Cites] Cancer. 2003 Apr 25;99(2):105-12 [12704690.001]
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  • (PMID = 18373853.001).
  • [ISSN] 1742-6413
  • [Journal-full-title] CytoJournal
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Cytojournal
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC2329665
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32. Sun ZJ, Zhang L, Zhang WF, Alsharif MJ, Chen XM, Zhao YF: Epithelioid hemangioma in the oral mucosa: a clinicopathological study of seven cases and review of the literature. Oral Oncol; 2006 May;42(5):441-7
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  • [Title] Epithelioid hemangioma in the oral mucosa: a clinicopathological study of seven cases and review of the literature.
  • To investigate the clinicopathological characteristics and biologic behavior of epithelioid hemangioma in oral mucosa, the clinical features and pathological findings of seven cases of epithelioid hemangioma were reviewed, and all sections were examined by immunohistochemistry.
  • Immunohistochemical staining revealed that tumour cells were positive for Vimentin, FVIIIRAg and CD34.
  • Epithelioid hemangioma is a benign vascular anomaly, and has close relationship with local trauma.
  • The differential diagnosis is usually based upon histopathological findings.
  • [MeSH-major] Hemangioma / pathology. Mouth Neoplasms / pathology
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Aged. Antigens, CD34 / metabolism. Child. Diagnosis, Differential. Female. Humans. Male. Middle Aged. Mouth / injuries. Mouth Mucosa. Neoplasm Proteins / metabolism. Retrospective Studies. Vimentin / metabolism. von Willebrand Factor / metabolism

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  • (PMID = 16266821.001).
  • [ISSN] 1368-8375
  • [Journal-full-title] Oral oncology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Oral Oncol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Antigens, CD34; 0 / Neoplasm Proteins; 0 / Vimentin; 0 / von Willebrand Factor
  • [Number-of-references] 34
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33. Becker S, Schön R, Gutwald R, Otten JE, Maier W, Hentschel R, Jüttner E, Gellrich NC: A congenital teratoma with a cleft palate: report of a case. Br J Oral Maxillofac Surg; 2007 Jun;45(4):326-7
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  • Teratomas are benign tumors containing cells from ectodermal, mesodermal and endodermal layers.
  • Congenital epignathus teratomas are rare embryological neoplasms localised in the region of head and neck.
  • Size and location of the neoplasm in the oronasopharynx is variable.
  • The epignathus presented as a huge mass extending out of the mouth of the infant girl.
  • On the day of birth debulking of the extraoral portion of the tumor, followed by intraoral exstirpation, was performed.
  • [MeSH-major] Cleft Palate / etiology. Skull Base Neoplasms / congenital. Teratoma / congenital
  • [MeSH-minor] Female. Follow-Up Studies. Humans. Infant, Newborn. Neoplasm Recurrence, Local / pathology. Nose Neoplasms / congenital. Nose Neoplasms / pathology

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  • (PMID = 16377040.001).
  • [ISSN] 0266-4356
  • [Journal-full-title] The British journal of oral & maxillofacial surgery
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Br J Oral Maxillofac Surg
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Scotland
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34. Hoseini AT, Razavi SM, Khabazian A: Lipoma in oral mucosa: two case reports. Dent Res J (Isfahan); 2010;7(1):41-3

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Lipoma in oral mucosa: two case reports.
  • Lipoma is a common tumor of soft tissue.
  • Its location on the oral mucosa is rare, representing 1% to 5% of benign oral tumors although it is the most mesenchymal tumor of the trunk and proximal por-tions of extremities.
  • Lipoma of the oral cavity may occur in any region.
  • The buccal mucosa, tongue, and floor of the mouth are among the common locations.
  • The overlying epithelium is intact, and superficial blood vessels are usually evident over the tumor.
  • Other benign connective tissue lesions such as granular cell tumor, neurofibroma, traumatic fibroma and salivary gland lesions (mucocele and mixed tumor) might be included in differential diagnosis.
  • We present two cases of oral lipoma in unusual locations: one in junction of soft and hard palate and the other in tongue.

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  • (PMID = 21448446.001).
  • [ISSN] 2008-0255
  • [Journal-full-title] Dental research journal
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Dent Res J (Isfahan)
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Iran
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC3065337
  • [Keywords] NOTNLM ; Differential diagnosis / Lipoma / Pathology
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35. Ducic Y, Oxford L, Pontius AT: Transoral approach to the superomedial parapharyngeal space. Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg; 2006 Mar;134(3):466-70
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • OBJECTIVES: To present our early experience with the transoral approach to the superomedial parapharyngeal space (PPS) and describe our technique for removal of these neoplasms.
  • METHODS: Eight patients with various neoplasms of the superomedial PPS were retrospectively reviewed for type of neoplasm, size, success with the transoral approach, need for conversion to another approach, length of hospitalization, and complications.
  • RESULTS: The transoral approach described herein safely allowed for en bloc resection of benign neoplasms with intraoperative control and exposure of the internal carotid artery.
  • Mean tumor size was 3.3 cm (range, 1.5 to 7 cm).
  • This technique is indicated for neoplasms with benign appearance on preoperative imaging or fine needle aspiration.
  • [MeSH-major] Mouth / surgery. Pharyngeal Neoplasms / surgery
  • [MeSH-minor] Adolescent. Adult. Biopsy, Needle. Carotid Artery, Internal / pathology. Child. Female. Follow-Up Studies. Humans. Intraoperative Care. Length of Stay. Male. Middle Aged. Neoplasm Invasiveness. Neurilemmoma / pathology. Neurilemmoma / surgery. Postoperative Complications. Retrospective Studies. Teratoma / pathology. Teratoma / surgery. Treatment Outcome

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  • (PMID = 16500446.001).
  • [ISSN] 0194-5998
  • [Journal-full-title] Otolaryngology--head and neck surgery : official journal of American Academy of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Comparative Study; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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36. Schmidt LA, Olsen SH, McHugh JB: Cutaneous adnexal differentiation and stromal metaplasia in palate pleomorphic adenomas: a potential diagnostic pitfall that may be mistaken for malignancy. Am J Surg Pathol; 2010 Aug;34(8):1205-10
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • Cutaneous adnexal differentiation is well-recognized in benign mixed tumors occurring in cutaneous sites.
  • We sought to describe the incidence of cutaneous adnexal differentiation in benign mixed tumors of the palate, lip, and parotid gland.
  • Benign mixed tumors of the palate (n=30), lip (n=13), and parotid gland (n=37) resected between 1980 and 2009 at a single academic medical institution were reviewed.
  • All hematoxylin and eosin-stained sections containing neoplasm were reviewed by all authors including one dermatopathologist (S.H.O.).
  • After confirming the diagnosis of benign mixed tumor, we evaluated for morphologic evidence of cutaneous adnexal differentiation and metaplastic epithelial and stromal changes.
  • Cutaneous adnexal differentiation was seen in 20% of palate and 39% of lip benign mixed tumors but in no parotid tumors.
  • The most frequent features of cutaneous adnexal differentiation were tricholemmal differentiation (20% of palate and 39% of lip tumors), infundibulocystic structures (17% and 31%), and trichohyalin granules (13% and 31%).
  • Sebaceous differentiation was seen in only one palate tumor.
  • Varying amounts of stromal adipose were seen in 62, 37, and 22% of lip, palate, and parotid tumors.
  • Osseous metaplasia was seen in one tumor from each site.
  • [MeSH-major] Adenoma, Pleomorphic / pathology. Carcinoma / pathology. Cell Differentiation. Diagnostic Errors / prevention & control. Epithelial Cells / pathology. Mouth Neoplasms / pathology. Stromal Cells / pathology
  • [MeSH-minor] Adolescent. Adult. Aged. Aged, 80 and over. Child. Female. Humans. Lip Neoplasms / pathology. Male. Metaplasia. Middle Aged. Palatal Neoplasms / pathology. Parotid Neoplasms / pathology. Young Adult

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  • (PMID = 20661019.001).
  • [ISSN] 1532-0979
  • [Journal-full-title] The American journal of surgical pathology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Am. J. Surg. Pathol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Comparative Study; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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37. Wallowy P, Diener J, Grünwald F, Kovács AF: 18F-FDG PET for detecting metastases and synchronous primary malignancies in patients with oral and oropharyngeal cancer. Nuklearmedizin; 2009;48(5):192-9; quiz N42
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  • [Title] 18F-FDG PET for detecting metastases and synchronous primary malignancies in patients with oral and oropharyngeal cancer.
  • AIM: Assessment of the efficiency of 18F-FDG-PET (PET) for the detection of distant metastases and synchronous primary malignancies in patients with oral and oropharyngeal squamous cell cancer (OOSCC).
  • RESULTS: In 74 of 80 evaluable cases, PET showed the primary tumour (92.5%).
  • In the other 58 cases (69%), where the suspect lesions were confirmed as benign, mean SUV was 2.65 (range 0.7-6.5) (difference statistically significant).
  • [MeSH-major] Fluorodeoxyglucose F18. Mouth Neoplasms / pathology. Mouth Neoplasms / radionuclide imaging. Neoplasm Metastasis / radionuclide imaging. Oropharyngeal Neoplasms / pathology. Oropharyngeal Neoplasms / radionuclide imaging
  • [MeSH-minor] Aged. Aged, 80 and over. Humans. Middle Aged. Neoplasm Staging. Palatal Neoplasms / pathology. Palatal Neoplasms / radionuclide imaging. Positron-Emission Tomography. Retrospective Studies. Tongue Neoplasms / pathology. Tongue Neoplasms / radionuclide imaging

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  • (PMID = 19623408.001).
  • [ISSN] 0029-5566
  • [Journal-full-title] Nuklearmedizin. Nuclear medicine
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Nuklearmedizin
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Germany
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0Z5B2CJX4D / Fluorodeoxyglucose F18
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38. Canjuga I, Mravak-Stipetić M, Kopić V, Galić J: Oral acanthosis nigricans: case report and comparison with literature reports. Acta Dermatovenerol Croat; 2008;16(2):91-5
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  • [Title] Oral acanthosis nigricans: case report and comparison with literature reports.
  • Acanthosis nigricans (AN) is a rare condition which may affect oral cavity.
  • There are two forms of AN: benign and malignant.
  • Benign AN may be hereditary, or may be related to systemic diseases or drugs.
  • Oral lesions occurred after the tumor had been diagnosed, i.e. after third operation for tumor recurrence.
  • The fifth operation for tumor recurrence resulted in slight improvement of oral changes.
  • It is concluded that the severity of oral changes is in correlation with tumor progression.
  • The occurrence of oral lesions may be an indicator of tumor progression.
  • [MeSH-major] Acanthosis Nigricans / etiology. Acanthosis Nigricans / pathology. Carcinoma, Transitional Cell / complications. Mouth Diseases / etiology. Mouth Diseases / pathology. Urinary Bladder Neoplasms / complications
  • [MeSH-minor] Aged. Disease Progression. Female. Humans. Neoplasm Recurrence, Local / surgery. Reoperation. Severity of Illness Index

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  • (PMID = 18541106.001).
  • [ISSN] 1330-027X
  • [Journal-full-title] Acta dermatovenerologica Croatica : ADC
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Acta Dermatovenerol Croat
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] Croatia
  • [Number-of-references] 20
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39. Gkoulioni V, Eleftheriadou A, Yiotakis I, Ferekidou E, Chrisovergis A, Lazaris ACh, Kandiloros D: The efficacy of imiquimod on dysplastic lesions of the oral mucosa: an experimental model. Anticancer Res; 2010 Jul;30(7):2891-6
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  • [Title] The efficacy of imiquimod on dysplastic lesions of the oral mucosa: an experimental model.
  • AIM: To study the potent efficacy of the immunomodulatory agent imiquimod when applied on dysplastic lesions of the oral mucosa.
  • In one case, a well-differentiated squamous cell carcinoma was converted to a papilloma-like squamous neoplasm with a benign morphology.
  • CONCLUSION: Our results indicate that imiquimod may be effective in treatment of precancerous lesions of the oral mucosa and thus inhibit the progress of carcinogenesis.
  • [MeSH-major] Aminoquinolines / pharmacology. Mouth Neoplasms / prevention & control. Precancerous Conditions / drug therapy
  • [MeSH-minor] 9,10-Dimethyl-1,2-benzanthracene. Animals. Antineoplastic Agents / pharmacology. Carcinogens. Carcinoma, Squamous Cell / chemically induced. Carcinoma, Squamous Cell / drug therapy. Carcinoma, Squamous Cell / pathology. Male. Mouth Mucosa / drug effects. Mouth Mucosa / pathology. Rats. Rats, Wistar

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  • (PMID = 20683029.001).
  • [ISSN] 1791-7530
  • [Journal-full-title] Anticancer research
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Anticancer Res.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Greece
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Aminoquinolines; 0 / Antineoplastic Agents; 0 / Carcinogens; 57-97-6 / 9,10-Dimethyl-1,2-benzanthracene; 99011-02-6 / imiquimod
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40. He H, Chen G, Zhou L, Liu Y: A joint detection of CEA and CA-50 levels in saliva and serum of patients with tumors in oral region and salivary gland. J Cancer Res Clin Oncol; 2009 Oct;135(10):1315-21
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  • [Title] A joint detection of CEA and CA-50 levels in saliva and serum of patients with tumors in oral region and salivary gland.
  • OBJECTIVE: To detect the levels of carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA) and carcinoma associated antigen CA-50 in the patients with oral or salivary malignant tumors.
  • METHODS: The concentrations of salivary CEA and CA-50 were assayed in 80 patients of oral and salivary malignant tumors, 40 patients of benign tumors and 80 health controls.
  • In 80 patients with malignant tumors, serum CEA and CA-50 were also assayed by enzyme-linked immunoabsorbent assay and immunoradiometric analysis, respectively.
  • RESULTS: Salivary CEA and CA-50 levels were significantly higher in malignant tumors than in benign tumors and in health controls, respectively (P < 0.001).
  • Only 7 cases and 3 cases of 80 patients with malignant tumors were found having increased serum CEA and CA-50 levels, respectively.
  • This may be more useful as prognostic indicators in early diagnosis of oral and salivary malignant tumors.
  • [MeSH-major] Adenoma / blood. Antigens, Tumor-Associated, Carbohydrate / analysis. Carcinoembryonic Antigen / analysis. Mouth Neoplasms / blood. Saliva / chemistry. Salivary Gland Neoplasms / blood
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Aged. Aged, 80 and over. Case-Control Studies. Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay. Female. Humans. Immunoradiometric Assay. Male. Middle Aged. Neoplasm Staging. Prognosis. Survival Rate. Young Adult

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  • (PMID = 19322585.001).
  • [ISSN] 1432-1335
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of cancer research and clinical oncology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Cancer Res. Clin. Oncol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Comparative Study; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] Germany
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Antigens, Tumor-Associated, Carbohydrate; 0 / CA-50 antigen; 0 / Carcinoembryonic Antigen
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41. Moreira PR, Guimarães MM, Guimarães AL, Diniz MG, Gomes CC, Brito JA, Gomez RS: Methylation of P16, P21, P27, RB1 and P53 genes in odontogenic keratocysts. J Oral Pathol Med; 2009 Jan;38(1):99-103
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  • BACKGROUND: Odontogenic keratocyst (OKC) is a benign neoplasm with an aggressive clinical behavior and a high recurrence rate.
  • Although epigenetic alterations have been reported in different tumors, these events were not investigated in OKC yet.
  • The aim of this study was to investigate the presence of methylation in P16, P21, P27, P53 and RB1 genes in OKC tumors.
  • METHODS: Methylation-specific polymerase chain reaction (MSP) was used to evaluate the presence of methylation in 10 samples of OKCs, 10 samples of dental follicles and six samples of normal mucosa.
  • [MeSH-major] DNA Methylation / genetics. Genes, Tumor Suppressor. Odontogenic Cysts / genetics
  • [MeSH-minor] Adolescent. Adult. Child. Cyclin-Dependent Kinase Inhibitor p21 / genetics. Cyclin-Dependent Kinase Inhibitor p27 / genetics. Dental Sac / metabolism. Epigenesis, Genetic / genetics. Female. Genes, p16. Genes, p53. Humans. Male. Mouth Mucosa / metabolism. Promoter Regions, Genetic / genetics. Retinoblastoma Protein / genetics. Young Adult

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  • (PMID = 19192054.001).
  • [ISSN] 1600-0714
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of oral pathology & medicine : official publication of the International Association of Oral Pathologists and the American Academy of Oral Pathology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Oral Pathol. Med.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] Denmark
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / CDKN1A protein, human; 0 / Cyclin-Dependent Kinase Inhibitor p21; 0 / Retinoblastoma Protein; 147604-94-2 / Cyclin-Dependent Kinase Inhibitor p27
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42. Laga AC, Tajirian AL, Islam MN, Bhattacharyya I, Cohen DM, Plamondon CJ, Robinson-Bostom L: Myopericytoma: report of two cases associated with trauma. J Cutan Pathol; 2008 Sep;35(9):866-70
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  • Myopericytoma is a rare, recently described tumor demonstrating a hemangiopericytoma-like vascular pattern.
  • Despite sharing morphologic features with angioleiomyoma, myofibroma and glomus tumor, myopericytoma is thought to represent a distinct perivascular myoid neoplasm of skin and soft tissues.
  • The tumor is characterized by a radial and perivascular arrangement of ovoid, spindled to round neoplastic cells that are immunoreactive to alpha-smooth muscle actin, often for h-caldesmon as well as smooth muscle myosin-heavy chain, and usually negative for desmin antibodies.
  • Most cases of myopericytoma are benign, however, local recurrence and malignancy have recently been reported, Myopericytoma can be multifocal involving a single or multiple anatomic regions, and tends to occur in dermal and superficial soft tissues of adults primarily on the extremities.
  • [MeSH-major] Hemangiopericytoma / pathology. Skin Neoplasms / pathology. Soft Tissue Neoplasms / pathology. Wounds and Injuries / complications
  • [MeSH-minor] Actins / metabolism. Aged. Biomarkers, Tumor / metabolism. Calcium-Binding Proteins / metabolism. Female. Humans. Male. Microfilament Proteins / metabolism. Middle Aged. Mouth Mucosa / injuries. Myosin Heavy Chains / metabolism. Nose / injuries. Treatment Outcome

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  • (PMID = 18494828.001).
  • [ISSN] 1600-0560
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of cutaneous pathology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Cutan. Pathol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Denmark
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Actins; 0 / Biomarkers, Tumor; 0 / Calcium-Binding Proteins; 0 / Microfilament Proteins; 0 / calponin; EC 3.6.4.1 / Myosin Heavy Chains
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43. Saran R, Tiwari RK, Reddy PP, Ahuja YR: Risk assessment of oral cancer in patients with pre-cancerous states of the oral cavity using micronucleus test and challenge assay. Oral Oncol; 2008 Apr;44(4):354-60
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  • [Title] Risk assessment of oral cancer in patients with pre-cancerous states of the oral cavity using micronucleus test and challenge assay.
  • Oral cancer is a common malignancy, ranking first among all cancers in Western and Asian countries.
  • Oral cancer is preceded by some benign lesions or conditions, which are termed pre-cancerous.
  • [MeSH-major] Mouth Neoplasms / genetics. Precancerous Conditions / genetics
  • [MeSH-minor] Adolescent. Adult. Aged. Chromosome Aberrations. Comet Assay / methods. DNA Damage. DNA Repair. DNA, Neoplasm / genetics. Disease Progression. Female. Humans. Leukocytes / drug effects. Leukocytes / pathology. Male. Methylnitronitrosoguanidine / pharmacology. Micronucleus Tests / methods. Middle Aged. Mouth Mucosa / pathology. Risk Assessment / methods

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  • [CommentIn] Oral Oncol. 2008 Jul;44(7):716-7 [18381248.001]
  • (PMID = 17936677.001).
  • [ISSN] 1368-8375
  • [Journal-full-title] Oral oncology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Oral Oncol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / DNA, Neoplasm; 12H3O2UGSF / Methylnitronitrosoguanidine
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44. Zong ZH, Shang DH, Sun CF: [Expression of Livin mRNA and protein in human oral squamous cell carcinoma]. Shanghai Kou Qiang Yi Xue; 2007 Jun;16(3):315-8
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  • [Title] [Expression of Livin mRNA and protein in human oral squamous cell carcinoma].
  • PURPOSE: To investigate the expression of the newly found inhibitor of apoptosis protein Livinalpha and Livinbeta and their gene expression in human oral squamous cell carcinoma.
  • METHODS: Twenty specimens of human squamous cell carcinoma(SCC), 15 cases of benign cysts, 10 cases of normal oral mucosal tissues adjacent to the cancerous lesions were examined.
  • RESULTS: Livin protein and mRNA expression was detected in 19 SCC tissues,14 benign cysts and 10 normal oral mucosal tissues adjacent to the cancerous lesions.But the expressions were significantly higher in oral SCC than in benign cysts and normal oral mucosal tissues (P<0.01).
  • CONCLUSION: Livin may play an important role in the tumorigenesis and development of human oral squamous cell carcinoma.
  • [MeSH-major] Adaptor Proteins, Signal Transducing / biosynthesis. Carcinoma, Squamous Cell / metabolism. Inhibitor of Apoptosis Proteins / biosynthesis. Mouth Neoplasms / metabolism. Neoplasm Proteins / biosynthesis
  • [MeSH-minor] Apoptosis. Cell Transformation, Neoplastic. Humans. Mouth Mucosa. RNA, Messenger. Reverse Transcriptase Polymerase Chain Reaction

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  • (PMID = 17660923.001).
  • [ISSN] 1006-7248
  • [Journal-full-title] Shanghai kou qiang yi xue = Shanghai journal of stomatology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Shanghai Kou Qiang Yi Xue
  • [Language] chi
  • [Publication-type] English Abstract; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] China
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Adaptor Proteins, Signal Transducing; 0 / BIRC7 protein, human; 0 / Inhibitor of Apoptosis Proteins; 0 / Neoplasm Proteins; 0 / RNA, Messenger
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45. Driemel O, Dahse R, Berndt A, Pistner H, Hakim SG, Zardi L, Reichert TE, Kosmehl H: High-molecular tenascin-C as an indicator of atypical cells in oral brush biopsies. Clin Oral Investig; 2007 Mar;11(1):93-9
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] High-molecular tenascin-C as an indicator of atypical cells in oral brush biopsies.
  • Tumour-invasion like wound healing is characterised by the formation of an extracellular matrix with a high tenascin-C content.
  • Analysis using antibody BC2 indicates that especially the high-molecular tenascin-C (hm tn-C) variants are typically tumour-associated, while distribution in normal tissue is restrictive.
  • This study investigated whether hm tn-C is a suitable indicator of atypical cells with invasive potential in oral brush biopsies.
  • One hundred fifty nine consecutive oral brush biopsies with histopathological diagnoses were analysed for the identification of atypical cells.
  • Conventional cytology produced four false-positives when identifying atypical cells in brush biopsies of inflammatory/benign hyperproliferative mucosa (specificity 96%), while 10 in 52 carcinomas and three of eight recurrences were not identified (sensitivity 78%).
  • Ten of these 13 non-identified tumours could be marked when adding the hm tn-C assay (increasing specificity to 99%).
  • The positive and negative predictive values were 92 and 88% for conventional cytology vs 98 and 97% for the dual assay. (1) A 95%-sensitivity proves hm tn-C assisted conventional cytology to be a suitable means of identifying atypical cells in oral brush biopsies. (2) The positive (98%) and negative (97%) predictive values obtained approximate hm tn-C assisted conventional cytology to laminin-5 (100/97%).
  • [MeSH-major] Biomarkers, Tumor / analysis. Biopsy / methods. Carcinoma, Squamous Cell / pathology. Mouth Neoplasms / pathology. Tenascin / analysis
  • [MeSH-minor] Epithelial Cells / pathology. Humans. Immunoenzyme Techniques. Mouth Mucosa / pathology. Neoplasm Invasiveness / pathology. Prospective Studies. Sensitivity and Specificity

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  • (PMID = 17111122.001).
  • [ISSN] 1432-6981
  • [Journal-full-title] Clinical oral investigations
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Clin Oral Investig
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] Germany
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Biomarkers, Tumor; 0 / Tenascin
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46. Adeyemi BF, Ogun GO, Akang EE: Retrospective analysis of intra-oral salivary gland tumours in Ibadan, Nigeria. West Afr J Med; 2010 Mar-Apr;29(2):98-103
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  • [Title] Retrospective analysis of intra-oral salivary gland tumours in Ibadan, Nigeria.
  • BACKGROUND: Salivary gland neoplasms constitute an important group of intraoral tumours, with their malignant histological types being the second most frequently diagnosed intraoral malignancy.
  • The incidence as well as the anatomical distribution of this heterogeneous group of neoplasms varies from one racial group and geographical location to the other.
  • However, studies from Africa on intraoral salivary gland neoplasms are relatively sparse in the medical literature.
  • OBJECTIVE: To report the frequency and anatomical distribution of the various histological types of minor salivary gland neoplasms diagnosed at the University College Hospital, Ibadan and to provide data for comparison with other epidemiological findings in different geographic locations.
  • METHODS: A retrospective study of intraoral salivary gland neoplasms diagnosed at the University Teaching Hospital, Ibadan between January I991- December 2007.
  • Included in the study were charts of patients with minor salivary glands in the mouth.
  • Information obtained about each patient included age, sex, tumour location and histological classification based on the 1991 WHO recommendations.
  • RESULTS: Of a total of 309 neoplasms of salivary gland origin, 92 were from the intra-oral minor salivary glands constituting 4.5% of head and neck neoplasm.
  • Fifty-seven (62%) cases were malignant, while 35 (38%) were benign.
  • The most frequently diagnosed tumour was adenoid cystic carcinoma 35(38%), followed by pleomorphic adenoma 30(32.6%).
  • About 73% of the salivary gland neoplasms affected the palate, followed by the buccal mucosa (16.3%).
  • Patients with malignant neoplasms were about 10 years older than those with benign tumours (p=0.012).
  • CONCLUSION: A large proportion of intraoral salivary gland neoplasms are malignant, the most frequently affected site being the palate.
  • [MeSH-major] Salivary Gland Neoplasms / epidemiology. Salivary Gland Neoplasms / pathology. Salivary Glands, Minor / pathology

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  • (PMID = 20544634.001).
  • [ISSN] 0189-160X
  • [Journal-full-title] West African journal of medicine
  • [ISO-abbreviation] West Afr J Med
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Nigeria
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47. Marocchio LS, Júnior DS, de Sousa SC, Fabre RF, Raitz R: Multifocal diffuse oral melanoacanthoma: a case report. J Oral Sci; 2009 Sep;51(3):463-6
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  • [Title] Multifocal diffuse oral melanoacanthoma: a case report.
  • Oral melanoacanthoma (OMA) is a rare benign lesion characterized by colonization of acanthotic epithelium by dendritic melanocytes.
  • Although its pathogenenesis remains uncertain, its clinical behavior and spontaneous remission suggest a non-neoplastic nature.
  • Here, we report a case of OMA with diffuse lesions also affecting the tongue in a 74-year-old black woman, whose diagnosis was based essentially on clinical and histological features.
  • [MeSH-major] Acanthoma / pathology. Melanosis / pathology. Mouth Neoplasms / pathology
  • [MeSH-minor] Aged. Female. Humans. Melanocytes / pathology. Mouth Mucosa / pathology. Neoplasm Regression, Spontaneous

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  • (PMID = 19776516.001).
  • [ISSN] 1880-4926
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of oral science
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Oral Sci
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Japan
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48. Patsiaoura K, Anagnostou E, Benis N: Intramuscular myxoma of the nasal vestibule. Auris Nasus Larynx; 2010 Feb;37(1):100-2

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  • Intramuscular myxoma is an uncommon benign soft tissue neoplasm and a distinct histopathological entity within the heterogeneous group of myxomas.
  • We report on a case of a myxoma within the mimetic muscles of the nasal and mouth region in a 52-year-old man.
  • The tumor was surgically removed and the patient is free of recurrence or complications 8 months after treatment.
  • To the very best of our knowledge, there is no report of this neoplasm located within the nasal and oral mimetic muscles.
  • [MeSH-major] Muscle, Skeletal / pathology. Myxoma / pathology. Paranasal Sinus Neoplasms / pathology
  • [MeSH-minor] Humans. Male. Middle Aged. Nasal Cavity. Otorhinolaryngologic Surgical Procedures. Soft Tissue Neoplasms / pathology. Soft Tissue Neoplasms / surgery. Treatment Outcome

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  • [Copyright] Copyright (c) 2009 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved.
  • (PMID = 19414229.001).
  • [ISSN] 1879-1476
  • [Journal-full-title] Auris, nasus, larynx
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Auris Nasus Larynx
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Netherlands
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49. Betka J, Chovanec M, Klozar J, Taudy M, Plzák J, Kodetová D, Lisý J: Transoral and combined transoral-transcervical approach in the surgery of parapharyngeal tumors. Eur Arch Otorhinolaryngol; 2010 May;267(5):765-72
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  • [Title] Transoral and combined transoral-transcervical approach in the surgery of parapharyngeal tumors.
  • The goal of parapharyngeal space (PPS) tumor surgery is to obtain adequate visualization to ensure complete removal with preservation of the surrounding nerves and vessels.
  • Transoral approach is the most controversial one due to cited limited exposure, risk of tumor spillage, and possibility of neurovascular injury.
  • We performed retrospective analysis of 26 consecutive patients who had undergone transoral or combined transoral-transcervical resection of PPS tumors from January 1997 to December 2007.
  • Both approaches were safely employed to remove selected PPS tumors.
  • Majority of treated tumors were pleomorphic adenomas (14 minor salivary gland and 7 deep lobe parotid gland tumors).
  • Two cases of malignant salivary gland tumors, 4 nerve sheath tumors and 1 lymphangioma were also excised.
  • Mean tumor size was 6.1 cm (range 2-11 cm).
  • Patients with malignant tumors had postoperative radiotherapy.
  • One of the near-totally resected tumors needed revision surgery.
  • Transoral approach provides access to selected cases of PPS tumors based on preoperative imaging methods and fine-needle aspiration cytology.
  • Risk of non-radical resection is acceptable.
  • It can be combined with external approach to achieve safe resection of some benign tumors which would need transmandibular approach.
  • [MeSH-major] Otorhinolaryngologic Surgical Procedures / methods. Pharyngeal Neoplasms / surgery
  • [MeSH-minor] Female. Humans. Male. Mouth. Neck. Neoplasm Staging. Nerve Sheath Neoplasms / surgery. Salivary Gland Neoplasms / surgery

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  • (PMID = 19714351.001).
  • [ISSN] 1434-4726
  • [Journal-full-title] European archives of oto-rhino-laryngology : official journal of the European Federation of Oto-Rhino-Laryngological Societies (EUFOS) : affiliated with the German Society for Oto-Rhino-Laryngology - Head and Neck Surgery
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Eur Arch Otorhinolaryngol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Germany
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50. O'Malley BW Jr, Weinstein GS: Robotic skull base surgery: preclinical investigations to human clinical application. Arch Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg; 2007 Dec;133(12):1215-9
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • OBJECTIVE: To develop a minimally invasive surgical technique for the treatment of parapharyngeal space and infratemporal fossa skull base neoplasms using the technical and optical advantages of robotic surgical instrumentation.
  • Based on the preclinical work, transoral robotic surgery (TORS) was then performed in February 2007 on 1 human patient with a parapharyngeal to infratemporal fossa cystic neoplasm as part of a large prospective human trial.
  • SETTING: In each cadaver and in the dog, a TORS approach to parapharyngeal space and infratemporal fossa was performed bilaterally and in an approved training facility using the da Vinci Surgical System.
  • For the human surgical case, a TORS approach was evaluated on one side for a benign neoplasm.
  • PATIENTS: For the human clinical trial, a TORS approach was evaluated for a patient with a benign neoplasm of the parapharyngeal space and infratemporal fossa.
  • In the first known human surgical case, TORS was used to remove a parapharyngeal space and infratemporal fossa cystic neoplasm.
  • Robotic surgery for the skull base holds potential as a minimally invasive approach to skull base neoplasms; however, continued development and investigation is warranted in a prospective human clinical trial before final conclusions can be drawn as to the full advantages and limitations of this approach.
  • [MeSH-major] Endoscopes. Endoscopy / methods. Robotics / instrumentation. Skull Base Neoplasms / surgery
  • [MeSH-minor] Animals. Cysts / diagnosis. Cysts / surgery. Dogs. Equipment Design. Follow-Up Studies. Humans. Magnetic Resonance Imaging. Mouth. Treatment Outcome

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  • (PMID = 18086962.001).
  • [ISSN] 0886-4470
  • [Journal-full-title] Archives of otolaryngology--head & neck surgery
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Arch. Otolaryngol. Head Neck Surg.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Clinical Trial; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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51. Aarstad HJ, Aarstad AK, Heimdal JH, Olofsson J: Mood, anxiety and sense of humor in head and neck cancer patients in relation to disease stage, prognosis and quality of life. Acta Otolaryngol; 2005 May;125(5):557-65
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  • CONCLUSION: At diagnosis, control patients had the lowest depression levels and anxiety scores, followed by those with limited HNSCC disease and these with extended HNSCC disease.
  • Anxiety and depression levels at diagnosis predicted prognosis via an association with extent of disease.
  • OBJECTIVE: To study the association between anxiety score, depression level at sense of humor at diagnosis in head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC) patients versus TNM stage, prognosis and depression level/quality of life (QOL) 6 years following diagnosis.
  • A control group of patients with benign HN disease was also included.
  • MATERIAL AND METHODS: Male patients with newly diagnosed HNSCC (n =78) or benign HN (n =61) disease completed the following questionnaires: the Beck Depression Inventory, the Spielberger Trait Anxiety Inventory (state) and the Svebak humor questionnaire.
  • Both anxiety scores and depression levels at diagnosis predicted prognosis through an association with TNM stage.
  • Sense of humor, but not depression levels or anxiety scores, at diagnosis predicted QoL and depression levels at follow-up.
  • [MeSH-major] Affect. Anxiety Disorders / epidemiology. Depression / epidemiology. Laryngeal Neoplasms / epidemiology. Laryngeal Neoplasms / pathology. Maxillary Neoplasms / epidemiology. Maxillary Neoplasms / pathology. Mouth Neoplasms / epidemiology. Mouth Neoplasms / pathology. Pharyngeal Neoplasms / epidemiology. Pharyngeal Neoplasms / pathology. Wit and Humor as Topic
  • [MeSH-minor] Female. Humans. Male. Middle Aged. Neoplasm Staging. Psychometrics. Quality of Life. Severity of Illness Index


52. Torrijos-Aguilar A, Alegre-de Miquel V, Pitarch-Bort G, Mercader-García P, Fortea-Baixauli JM: [Cutaneous granular cell tumor: a clinical and pathologic analysis of 34 cases]. Actas Dermosifiliogr; 2009 Mar;100(2):126-32
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  • [Title] [Cutaneous granular cell tumor: a clinical and pathologic analysis of 34 cases].
  • [Transliterated title] Tumor de células granulares cutáneo: análisis clínico-patológico de treinta y cuatro casos.
  • BACKGROUND: Granular cell tumor (GCT), also known as Abrikossoff tumor, is an uncommon benign neoplasm, probably of neural origin derived from Schwann cells.
  • OBJECTIVES: We aimed to analyze the clinical, histologic, and immunohistochemical characteristics associated with this tumor and to determine whether these findings correspond to those reported to date in the literature.
  • METHODS: In this retrospective study of 34 patients with histologic diagnosis of GCT, we analyzed clinical characteristics (site, age, sex, duration, and suspected diagnosis), histological findings (border, cell atypia and mitoses, involvement of adnexal structures, pseudoepitheliomatous hyperplasia, and presence of the recently described pustulo-ovoid bodies), and immunohistochemical findings (S-100 staining in 16 randomly selected cases).
  • The most common site was the oral cavity (61.76 %).
  • The most frequently suspected clinical diagnosis was fibroma (17.65 %).
  • CONCLUSIONS: Our series confirms the characteristics described previously for GCT, except for certain peculiarities, and supports the presence of pustulo-ovoid bodies as an additional histologic finding for diagnosis of this tumor.
  • [MeSH-major] Granular Cell Tumor / epidemiology. Mouth Neoplasms / epidemiology
  • [MeSH-minor] Adolescent. Adult. Biomarkers, Tumor. Child. Child, Preschool. Cytoplasmic Granules / ultrastructure. Diagnosis, Differential. Female. Fibroma / diagnosis. Humans. Male. Middle Aged. Retrospective Studies. Skin Neoplasms / chemistry. Skin Neoplasms / diagnosis. Skin Neoplasms / epidemiology. Skin Neoplasms / pathology. Staining and Labeling. Young Adult

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  • (PMID = 19445877.001).
  • [ISSN] 0001-7310
  • [Journal-full-title] Actas dermo-sifiliográficas
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Actas Dermosifiliogr
  • [Language] spa
  • [Publication-type] English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Spain
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Biomarkers, Tumor
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53. Vered M, Carpenter WM, Buchner A: Granular cell tumor of the oral cavity: updated immunohistochemical profile. J Oral Pathol Med; 2009 Jan;38(1):150-9
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  • [Title] Granular cell tumor of the oral cavity: updated immunohistochemical profile.
  • BACKGROUND: Granular cell tumor (GCT) is a benign lesion that occurs at different body sites with preponderance to the oral cavity.
  • METHODS: The patients' demographic data and the cytological and architectural features of the lesions were analyzed in a large series of oral GCTs (n = 68).
  • RESULTS: The tongue was the most common location of oral GCTs (81%).
  • Furthermore, GCTs could be regarded as lesions that reflect a local metabolic or reactive change rather than a true neoplasm.
  • [MeSH-major] Granular Cell Tumor / pathology. Mouth Neoplasms / pathology
  • [MeSH-minor] Adolescent. Adult. Aged. Aged, 80 and over. Antigens, CD / analysis. Antigens, Differentiation, Myelomonocytic / analysis. Biomarkers, Tumor / analysis. Calbindin 2. Cell Nucleus / pathology. Cell Shape. Child. Female. Humans. Immunohistochemistry. Inhibins / analysis. Macrophages / pathology. Male. Membrane Glycoproteins. Middle Aged. Nerve Tissue Proteins / analysis. Receptors, Nerve Growth Factor / analysis. S100 Calcium Binding Protein G / analysis. S100 Proteins / analysis. Tongue Neoplasms / pathology. Ubiquitin Thiolesterase / analysis. Vimentin / analysis. Young Adult. gp100 Melanoma Antigen

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  • (PMID = 19192059.001).
  • [ISSN] 1600-0714
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of oral pathology & medicine : official publication of the International Association of Oral Pathologists and the American Academy of Oral Pathology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Oral Pathol. Med.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] Denmark
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Antigens, CD; 0 / Antigens, Differentiation, Myelomonocytic; 0 / Biomarkers, Tumor; 0 / CALB2 protein, human; 0 / CD68 antigen, human; 0 / Calbindin 2; 0 / Membrane Glycoproteins; 0 / NGFR protein, human; 0 / Nerve Tissue Proteins; 0 / PMEL protein, human; 0 / Receptors, Nerve Growth Factor; 0 / S100 Calcium Binding Protein G; 0 / S100 Proteins; 0 / Vimentin; 0 / gp100 Melanoma Antigen; 0 / inhibin-alpha subunit; 57285-09-3 / Inhibins; EC 3.1.2.15 / UCHL1 protein, human; EC 3.1.2.15 / Ubiquitin Thiolesterase
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54. Colombo P, Tondulli L, Masci G, Muzza A, Rimassa L, Petrella D, Santoro A: Oral ulcer as an exclusive sign of gastric cancer: report of a rare case. BMC Cancer; 2005;5:117
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  • [Title] Oral ulcer as an exclusive sign of gastric cancer: report of a rare case.
  • BACKGROUND: The oral cavity is a rare but occasional target for metastases, which may masquerade as various benign and inflammatory lesions, and sometimes also be asymptomatic.
  • Oral metastatic lesions have been described in various cancers, particularly lung, breast and kidney carcinoma.
  • The patient underwent gastric resection but died of heart failure on the tenth postoperative day; a post-mortem examination revealed a residual bilateral ovarian infiltration by gastric carcinoma (Krukenberg's tumor).
  • CONCLUSION: An occult carcinoma of the stomach may rarely metastasise to the oral cavity even as a first and exclusive manifestation; it is important to bear this possibility in mind because such conditions may mimic a benign disease.
  • [MeSH-major] Carcinoma, Signet Ring Cell / diagnosis. Carcinoma, Signet Ring Cell / pathology. Gingival Neoplasms / secondary. Mouth / pathology. Mouth Neoplasms / secondary. Stomach Neoplasms / diagnosis. Stomach Neoplasms / pathology. Ulcer / pathology
  • [MeSH-minor] Biopsy. Carcinoma / pathology. Cell Differentiation. Fatal Outcome. Female. Humans. Immunohistochemistry. Middle Aged. Mouth Mucosa / pathology. Neoplasm Metastasis. Palate, Hard / pathology

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  • [Cites] J Periodontol. 1976 Jun;47(6):358-60 [1064724.001]
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  • (PMID = 16171522.001).
  • [ISSN] 1471-2407
  • [Journal-full-title] BMC cancer
  • [ISO-abbreviation] BMC Cancer
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC1242220
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55. Levi PA Jr, Kim DM, Harsfield SL, Jacobson ER: Squamous cell carcinoma presenting as an endodontic-periodontic lesion. J Periodontol; 2005 Oct;76(10):1798-804
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  • BACKGROUND: Regardless of advances in diagnosis and treatment during the past 40 years, the overall 5-year survival rates for oral and oropharyngeal squamous cancers have only slightly improved and remain around 50%.
  • Thus, the early diagnosis and treatment of carcinoma by health care providers are essential in achieving a good prognosis.
  • We report a case of invasive squamous cell carcinoma that presented as a benign endodontic-periodontic lesion with a 7-mm periodontal pocket on tooth #15 in a 40-year-old, non-smoking woman.
  • METHODS: Our patient was seen for a comprehensive periodontal examination including a periodontal charting, occlusal analysis, study casts, electronic pulp test for tooth #15, and complete mouth periapical radiographs.
  • The patient remained free of tumor for 5 years after the initial presentation.
  • CONCLUSIONS: Patient education and periodic oral cancer examinations by dental professionals are necessary to reduce diagnostic delay and improve prognosis.
  • [MeSH-major] Carcinoma, Squamous Cell / pathology. Gingival Neoplasms / pathology. Maxillary Neoplasms / pathology. Periodontal Cyst / diagnosis
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Diagnosis, Differential. Female. Humans. Maxillary Sinus Neoplasms / pathology. Neoplasm Invasiveness / pathology

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  • (PMID = 16253104.001).
  • [ISSN] 0022-3492
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of periodontology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Periodontol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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56. Yoshimura Y, Nariai Y, Obara S, Mishima K, Yoshimura H, Maruyama R: Development or existence of non-metastatic lymph nodes in the previously operated neck: a good prognostic sign for oromaxillary squamous cell carcinoma? Oral Oncol; 2005 Apr;41(4):404-15
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Development or existence of non-metastatic lymph nodes in the previously operated neck: a good prognostic sign for oromaxillary squamous cell carcinoma?
  • The aim of this study is to clarify the clinicopathological features of patients having non-metastatic lymph nodes in the previously operated neck for oromaxillary squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC).
  • (1) These 9 patients were alive and without OSCC for periods ranging from 1 year to 15 years and 9 months since their initial cancer treatments. (2) The interval between ND and clinical and/or imaging recognition of newly developed lymph nodes with suspicion of recurrence was significantly longer in these 9 patients. (3) The initially removed lymph nodes tended to be in a less advanced stage of disease. (4) Retrospectively, discrimination of non-metastatic lymph nodes from metastatic nodes was difficult in only one patient. (5) Each of the extirpated lymph nodes from 7 of the 9 patients showed a varying grade of reactive lymphadenitis on histopathology.
  • In conclusion, the occurrence of benign hyperplastic lymph nodes in the previously operated neck region suggested favorable prognosis, though the immunological mechanism is not understood.
  • [MeSH-major] Carcinoma, Squamous Cell / surgery. Lymphadenitis / etiology. Maxillary Sinus Neoplasms / surgery. Mouth Neoplasms / surgery
  • [MeSH-minor] Aged. Female. Humans. Lymphatic Metastasis. Male. Middle Aged. Neck Dissection. Neoplasm Staging. Prognosis. Retrospective Studies. Treatment Outcome

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  • (PMID = 15792613.001).
  • [ISSN] 1368-8375
  • [Journal-full-title] Oral oncology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Oral Oncol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] England
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57. Manjunatha BS, Pateel GS, Shah V: Oral fibrolipoma-a rare histological entity: report of 3 cases and review of literature. J Dent (Tehran); 2010;7(4):226-31

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  • [Title] Oral fibrolipoma-a rare histological entity: report of 3 cases and review of literature.
  • Lipomas are rare benign soft tissue mesenchymal neoplasms in the oral cavity, representing 1% of all benign oral tumors.
  • To the best of our knowledge a review of the English literature showed 33 cases of FL affecting the oral cavity.The diagnosis and differentiation of FL with clinically similar lesions such as fibroma, mucocele and pleomorphic adenoma are very essential for a correct treatment plan and complete follow-up.
  • Due to the rarity of oral cavity fibrolipoma reports, three cases and a review of literature is presented here.

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  • (PMID = 21998799.001).
  • [ISSN] 2008-2185
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of dentistry (Tehran, Iran)
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Dent (Tehran)
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Iran
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC3184759
  • [Keywords] NOTNLM ; Adipocytes / Adipose Tissue Neoplasms / Buccal Mucosa / Lipoma
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58. Santos PP, Freitas VS, Pinto LP, Freitas Rde A, de Souza LB: Clinicopathologic analysis of 7 cases of oral schwannoma and review of the literature. Ann Diagn Pathol; 2010 Aug;14(4):235-9
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  • [Title] Clinicopathologic analysis of 7 cases of oral schwannoma and review of the literature.
  • Schwannomas, also known as neurilemmomas, are uncommon neoplasms apparently derived from Schwann cells.
  • The growth of these tumors causes displacement and compression of the nerve of origin.
  • Anti-S100 protein is the most widely used antibody for the identification of this neoplasm.
  • The present article reports 7 additional cases of oral schwannoma, and the literature is reviewed regarding clinicopathologic features, immunohistochemical findings, differential diagnosis, and therapeutic management of this benign neural tumor.
  • [MeSH-major] Mouth Neoplasms / pathology. Neurilemmoma / pathology

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  • [Copyright] Crown Copyright 2010. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
  • (PMID = 20637426.001).
  • [ISSN] 1532-8198
  • [Journal-full-title] Annals of diagnostic pathology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Ann Diagn Pathol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] United States
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59. Iván L, Paczona R, Szentpáli K, Jóri J: Peroral endoscopic removal: as a minimally invasive long-term surgical treatment of a regurgitated giant polisegmented fibrovascular polyp of the esophagus. Eur Arch Otorhinolaryngol; 2009 Jul;266(7):1031-4
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  • Giant fibrovascular polyps (FVP) are relatively rare benign neoplasm of the upper part of the esophagus.
  • Without previous history, their diagnosis might be difficult as the endoscopic findings are sometimes misinterpreted.
  • The present report describes a case, in which the patient regurgitated his giant polypoid mass into his mouth and captured it between his teeth and buccal surface until the emergency endoscopic removal.
  • [MeSH-major] Esophageal Neoplasms / surgery. Esophagoscopy. Polyps / surgery
  • [MeSH-minor] Humans. Male. Middle Aged. Mouth

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  • [RetractionIn] Eur Arch Otorhinolaryngol. 2010 Dec;267(12):1975 [20872267.001]
  • (PMID = 18688632.001).
  • [ISSN] 1434-4726
  • [Journal-full-title] European archives of oto-rhino-laryngology : official journal of the European Federation of Oto-Rhino-Laryngological Societies (EUFOS) : affiliated with the German Society for Oto-Rhino-Laryngology - Head and Neck Surgery
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Eur Arch Otorhinolaryngol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article; Retracted Publication
  • [Publication-country] Germany
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60. Chiesa F, Tradati N, Grigolato R, Boracchi P, Biganzoli E, Crose N, Cavadini E, Formelli F, Costa L, Giardini R, Zurrida S, Costa A, De Palo G, Veronesi U: Randomized trial of fenretinide (4-HPR) to prevent recurrences, new localizations and carcinomas in patients operated on for oral leukoplakia: long-term results. Int J Cancer; 2005 Jul 1;115(4):625-9
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  • [Title] Randomized trial of fenretinide (4-HPR) to prevent recurrences, new localizations and carcinomas in patients operated on for oral leukoplakia: long-term results.
  • We assessed the efficacy of fenretinide at preventing relapses, new lesions and carcinomas after surgical excision of oral leukoplakia.
  • In a controlled multicenter study, 170 patients operated on for oral leukoplakias with benign postoperative histology were randomized to 200 mg fenretinide daily for 1 year vs. no intervention.
  • The trial had to be stopped prematurely for very low recruitment and had insufficient power to reveal any protective effect against oral carcinoma; nevertheless, continuing studies on this promising chemopreventive are justified.
  • [MeSH-major] Antineoplastic Agents / therapeutic use. Carcinoma / prevention & control. Fenretinide / therapeutic use. Leukoplakia, Oral / drug therapy. Mouth Neoplasms / drug therapy. Neoplasm Recurrence, Local / prevention & control

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  • [Copyright] Copyright 2005 Wiley-Liss, Inc.
  • (PMID = 15700313.001).
  • [ISSN] 0020-7136
  • [Journal-full-title] International journal of cancer
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Int. J. Cancer
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Clinical Trial; Journal Article; Multicenter Study; Randomized Controlled Trial; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Antineoplastic Agents; 187EJ7QEXL / Fenretinide
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61. Ma C, Quesnelle KM, Sparano A, Rao S, Park MS, Cohen MA, Wang Y, Samanta M, Kumar MS, Aziz MU, Naylor TL, Weber BL, Fakharzadeh SS, Weinstein GS, Vachani A, Feldman MD, Brose MS: Characterization CSMD1 in a large set of primary lung, head and neck, breast and skin cancer tissues. Cancer Biol Ther; 2009 May;8(10):907-16
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  • The Cub and Sushi Multiple Domains-1 (CSMD1) is a tumor suppressor gene on 8p23.2, where allelic loss is both frequent and associated with poor prognosis in head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC).
  • To understand the extent of CSMD1 aberrations in vivo, we characterized 184 primary tumors from the head and neck, lung, breast and skin for gene copy number and analyzed expression in our HNSCCs and lung squamous cell carcinomas (SCCs).
  • CSMD1 expression was decreased in tumors compared to adjacent benign tissue (65%, 13/20) and was likely due to gene loss in 45% of cases (9/20).
  • [MeSH-major] Breast Neoplasms / genetics. Head and Neck Neoplasms / genetics. Lung Neoplasms / genetics. Membrane Proteins / genetics. Skin Neoplasms / genetics
  • [MeSH-minor] Carcinoma, Squamous Cell / genetics. Carcinoma, Squamous Cell / pathology. Case-Control Studies. Chromosome Deletion. Comparative Genomic Hybridization. DNA, Neoplasm / analysis. Female. Gene Dosage. Gene Expression. Humans. Loss of Heterozygosity. Mouth Neoplasms / genetics. RNA, Messenger / genetics. RNA, Messenger / metabolism


62. Sugiyama T, Nakagawa T, Narita M, Nakamura S, Inui M, Tagawa T: Pedunculated oncocytic carcinoma in buccal mucosa: immunohistochemical and ultrastructural studies. Oral Dis; 2006 May;12(3):324-8
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  • An incision biopsy revealed the diagnosis of oncocytic tumor, and enucleation was performed.
  • The tumor was stained for immunohistochemical analysis using the ABC method and antibodies against cytokeratin (CK), epithelial membrane antigen (EMA), desmin, S-100 protein and muscle-specific actin, respectively.
  • The tumor was stained with uranyl acetate and lead citrate for visualization by electron microscopy.
  • RESULTS: Histopathology results revealed that the tumor consisted of oncocytic cells, characterized by eosinophilic and granular cytoplasm, and atypical nuclei.
  • Immunohistochemical staining indicated that these cells were positive for CK and EMA, and negative for desmin, muscle-specific actin and S-100 protein.
  • Electron microscopy revealed numerous dilated cytoplasmic mitochondria, and the cell contours and nucleic shapes of tumor cells were often irregular.
  • CONCLUSIONS: Because the histopathologic features of OC are similar to those of benign oncocytoma, the diagnosis of OC must be confirmed by a combination of clinical and ultrastructural characteristics.
  • [MeSH-major] Adenocarcinoma / pathology. Mouth Neoplasms / pathology
  • [MeSH-minor] Aged, 80 and over. Cheek / pathology. Humans. Immunohistochemistry. Keratins / analysis. Male. Microscopy, Electron, Transmission. Mitochondria / pathology. Mouth Mucosa / pathology. Mucin-1 / analysis. Neoplasm Invasiveness

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  • (PMID = 16700744.001).
  • [ISSN] 1354-523X
  • [Journal-full-title] Oral diseases
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Oral Dis
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Denmark
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Mucin-1; 68238-35-7 / Keratins
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63. Eversole LR: Cellular angiofibroma of oral mucosa: report of two cases. Head Neck Pathol; 2009 Jun;3(2):136-9
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Cellular angiofibroma of oral mucosa: report of two cases.
  • Cellular angiofibroma is a benign vascular neoplasm that typically arises in the vulva, perineal, and paratesticular region.
  • Microscopically the lesions exhibit multiple small, non-dilated capillary channels, many of which contain erythrocytes.
  • This represents the first reported instances of cellular angiofibroma in the oral cavity.
  • [MeSH-major] Angiofibroma / pathology. Mouth Mucosa / pathology. Mouth Neoplasms / pathology

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  • (PMID = 19644547.001).
  • [ISSN] 1936-0568
  • [Journal-full-title] Head and neck pathology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Head Neck Pathol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Keywords] NOTNLM ; Angiofibroma / Hemangioma / Mesenchymal tumor / Oral cavity / Vascular tumor
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64. Caltabiano R, Cappellani A, Di Vita M, Lanzafame S: The unique simultaneous occurrence of a squamous cell carcinoma and a granular cell tumor of the tongue at the same site: a histological and immunohistochemical study. J Craniofac Surg; 2008 Nov;19(6):1691-4
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  • [Title] The unique simultaneous occurrence of a squamous cell carcinoma and a granular cell tumor of the tongue at the same site: a histological and immunohistochemical study.
  • We report a case of a 47-year-old man with a granular cell tumor (GCT) of the tongue colocalized with a squamous cell carcinoma.
  • Clinicians and pathologists must be made aware of this potential diagnostic pitfall so that the workup of a tongue lesion does not end prematurely with a benign diagnosis of granular cell tumor with overlying pseudoepitheliomatous hyperplasia.
  • [MeSH-major] Carcinoma, Squamous Cell / pathology. Granular Cell Tumor / pathology. Neoplasms, Multiple Primary / pathology. Tongue Neoplasms / pathology
  • [MeSH-minor] Cell Nucleus / ultrastructure. Cytoplasm / ultrastructure. Epithelium / pathology. Follow-Up Studies. Humans. Hyperplasia. Immunohistochemistry. Male. Membrane Proteins / analysis. Middle Aged. Mouth Mucosa / pathology. Neoplasm Invasiveness. S100 Proteins / analysis

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  • (PMID = 19098584.001).
  • [ISSN] 1536-3732
  • [Journal-full-title] The Journal of craniofacial surgery
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Craniofac Surg
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Comparative Study; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / CKAP4 protein, human; 0 / Membrane Proteins; 0 / S100 Proteins
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65. Venkov G, Laaser MK: [Reconstruction of tissue defects on the glans penis by transplantation of buccal mucosa]. Aktuelle Urol; 2008 May;39(3):219-24
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  • [Transliterated title] Wiederherstellung von Gewebedefekten der Glans penis mittels Mundschleimhauttransplantation.
  • Defects of the glans penis are most frequently formed from excision of a primary tumour or benign lesions through partial or total glansectomy.
  • CONCLUSIONS: Our initial experience utilising the free transplantation of mucosa extracted from the oscular cavity for replacement of a surgical defect after partial or complete glansectomy has proven to be an alternative to the available treatment methods.
  • [MeSH-major] Penile Neoplasms / surgery. Penis / surgery. Surgical Flaps
  • [MeSH-minor] Humans. Male. Mouth Mucosa. Neoplasm Staging. Suture Techniques. Tissue and Organ Harvesting. Wound Healing / physiology

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  • (PMID = 18478496.001).
  • [ISSN] 0001-7868
  • [Journal-full-title] Aktuelle Urologie
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Aktuelle Urol
  • [Language] ger
  • [Publication-type] English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Germany
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66. Angiero F, Crippa R, Stefani M: Granular cells tumour in the oral cavity: report of eleven cases treated with laser surgery. Minerva Stomatol; 2006 Jul-Aug;55(7-8):423-30
MedlinePlus Health Information. consumer health - Oral Cancer.

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Granular cells tumour in the oral cavity: report of eleven cases treated with laser surgery.
  • AIM: The aim of this paper is to examine the clinical and histological feature of oral tumours of neural derivation and discuss their treatment.
  • METHODS: Between 1999 and 2004, 11 patients (6 females, 5 males; age range 28-66 years) were treated for tumours classified as being of neural origin; they were all myoblastomas or granular cells tumours (ex Abrikossoff tumour).
  • RESULTS: During follow-up, which ranged from 5 months to 5 years, there was no indication of tumour recurrence.
  • CONCLUSIONS: Granular cell tumour is a benign neoplasm with a tendency to relapse if not completely removed.
  • [MeSH-major] Granular Cell Tumor / surgery. Laser Therapy. Mouth Neoplasms / surgery

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  • (PMID = 17041542.001).
  • [ISSN] 0026-4970
  • [Journal-full-title] Minerva stomatologica
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Minerva Stomatol
  • [Language] eng; ita
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Italy
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67. Li G, Wu YT, Chen Y, Li TJ, Gao Y, Zhang J, Zhang ZY, Ma XC: Soft-tissue osteoma in the pterygomandibular space: report of a rare case. Dentomaxillofac Radiol; 2009 Jan;38(1):59-62
MedlinePlus Health Information. consumer health - Head and Neck Cancer.

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • Osteoma is a slow-growing, benign and uncommon neoplasm located primarily in the region of the maxillofacial skeleton.
  • Clinical examination did not reveal any extraoral swelling, facial asymmetry or difficulty in mouth opening, and the regional lymph nodes were non-palpable.
  • Histological examination indicated the diagnosis of cancellous osteoma.
  • [MeSH-major] Head and Neck Neoplasms / radiography. Osteoma / radiography. Soft Tissue Neoplasms / radiography

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  • (PMID = 19114426.001).
  • [ISSN] 0250-832X
  • [Journal-full-title] Dento maxillo facial radiology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Dentomaxillofac Radiol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] England
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68. Dangore-Khasbage S, Degwekar SS, Bhowate RR, Banode PJ, Bhake A, Choudhary MS, Lohe VK: Utility of color Doppler ultrasound in evaluating the status of cervical lymph nodes in oral cancer. Oral Surg Oral Med Oral Pathol Oral Radiol Endod; 2009 Aug;108(2):255-63
MedlinePlus Health Information. consumer health - Oral Cancer.

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Utility of color Doppler ultrasound in evaluating the status of cervical lymph nodes in oral cancer.
  • OBJECTIVE: The aim was to study the utility of color Doppler ultrasound (CDUS) in diagnosis of cervical lymphadenopathy in oral cancer patients.
  • STUDY DESIGN: In a prospective study, 70 cervical lymph nodes in 30 known primary oral cancer patients were evaluated with CDUS during a period of 8 months.
  • According to the CDUS, out of 70 nodes, 49 lymph nodes showed features of benign lymphadenopathy and 21 lymph nodes showed features of malignant lymphadenopathy, whereas histopathologic evaluations were in favor of reactive for 57 (81.42%) and for malignant lymphadenopathy in 13 (18.57%).
  • [MeSH-major] Lymph Nodes / ultrasonography. Lymphatic Metastasis / ultrasonography. Mouth Neoplasms / pathology. Ultrasonography, Doppler, Color
  • [MeSH-minor] Female. Humans. Lymphatic Diseases / pathology. Lymphatic Diseases / ultrasonography. Male. Neck. Neoplasm Staging / methods. Prospective Studies. Regional Blood Flow. Sensitivity and Specificity. Sentinel Lymph Node Biopsy. Statistics, Nonparametric

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  • (PMID = 19272807.001).
  • [ISSN] 1528-395X
  • [Journal-full-title] Oral surgery, oral medicine, oral pathology, oral radiology, and endodontics
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Oral Surg Oral Med Oral Pathol Oral Radiol Endod
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Comparative Study; Evaluation Studies; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] United States
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69. Gaitan Cepeda LA, Quezada Rivera D, Tenorio Rocha F, Leyva Huerta ER, Mendez Sánchez ER: Vascular leiomyoma of the oral cavity. Clinical, histopathological and immunohistochemical characteristics. Presentation of five cases and review of the literature. Med Oral Patol Oral Cir Bucal; 2008 Aug;13(8):E483-8
MedlinePlus Health Information. consumer health - Oral Cancer.

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Vascular leiomyoma of the oral cavity. Clinical, histopathological and immunohistochemical characteristics. Presentation of five cases and review of the literature.
  • Leiomyoma, a benign neoplasia arising from smooth muscle is an uncommon neoplasia of the oral cavity.
  • The most common histological subtype in the oral cavity is the vascular one.
  • To supplement information on vascular leiomyoma of the oral cavity (VLOC), we present cases of VLOC describing their clinical, histological, and immunohistochemical characteristics.
  • The age average of the cases was 40.6, however 3 out of our 5 cases were < or = 40 years old at the moment of their diagnosis.
  • Differential diagnosis of VLOC with fusocellular neoplasm is discussed.
  • [MeSH-major] Angiomyoma / pathology. Mouth Neoplasms / pathology

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  • (PMID = 18667980.001).
  • [ISSN] 1698-6946
  • [Journal-full-title] Medicina oral, patología oral y cirugía bucal
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Med Oral Patol Oral Cir Bucal
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] Spain
  • [Number-of-references] 23
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