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1. Piñero A, Reus M, Illana J, Durán I, Martínez-Barba E, Canteras M, Parrilla P: Palpable breast lesions: utility of Doppler sonography for diagnosis of malignancy. Breast; 2003 Aug;12(4):258-63
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Palpable breast lesions: utility of Doppler sonography for diagnosis of malignancy.
  • This study was designed to find whether there are any differences between benign and malignant palpable breast lesions as they are seen on grey-scale and colour-Doppler and on power-Doppler sonography; to determine which variables for each technique are most helpful in distinguishing any such differences; and to see whether the use of an echo-enhancing agent gives better results in the differential diagnosis.
  • Forty-five palpable breast lesions (16 benign and 29 malignant) were evaluated in a preoperative study using grey-scale sonography, colour-Doppler sonography and power-Doppler sonography before and after administration of an echo-enhancing agent (Levovist).
  • (1) In the grey-scale ultrasound study of palpable breast lesions the presence of microcalcifications, acoustic shadowing and non-well-defined margins are related to malignancy. (2) Colour- and power-Doppler sonography may help in the differential diagnosis. (3) The use of an echo enhancer (Levovist) accentuates these differences and enables them to be noted in other variables, such as pulsatility index, nodule-to-vascularity ratio and number of poles.
  • [MeSH-major] Breast Neoplasms / pathology. Breast Neoplasms / ultrasonography. Ultrasonography, Doppler, Color / methods. Ultrasonography, Mammary / methods
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Aged. Aged, 80 and over. Breast Diseases / pathology. Breast Diseases / ultrasonography. Chi-Square Distribution. Cohort Studies. Diagnosis, Differential. Female. Humans. Male. Middle Aged. Neoplasm Staging. Palpation. Probability. Prospective Studies. Sensitivity and Specificity

  • MedlinePlus Health Information. consumer health - Breast Cancer.
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  • (PMID = 14659310.001).
  • [ISSN] 0960-9776
  • [Journal-full-title] Breast (Edinburgh, Scotland)
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Breast
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Scotland
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2. Paulino AC, Wen BC, Brown CK, Tannous R, Mayr NA, Zhen WK, Weidner GJ, Hussey DH: Late effects in children treated with radiation therapy for Wilms' tumor. Int J Radiat Oncol Biol Phys; 2000 Mar 15;46(5):1239-46
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Late effects in children treated with radiation therapy for Wilms' tumor.
  • PURPOSE: To determine the frequency and types of late effects in children receiving radiation therapy (RT) for Wilms' tumor.
  • MATERIALS AND METHODS: From 1968 to 1994, 55 children received megavoltage RT at our institution as part of treatment for Wilms' tumor.
  • There were 25 female and 17 male patients with a median age at diagnosis of 48 months (range, 7-126 months).
  • There were 12 Stage I, eight Stage II, 15 Stage III, six Stage IV, and one Stage V patient.
  • Whole-lung RT was delivered to 13 patients either at diagnosis or pulmonary relapse.
  • All patients received chemotherapy; the most common agents were actinomycin-D/vincristine/adriamycin in 13 and actinomycin-D/vincristine in 18.
  • Four patients developed benign neoplasms; three were in the RT field (two osteochondroma, one lipoma) and one outside (cervical intraepithelial neoplasia II).
  • There were three second malignancies (chronic myelogenous leukemia at 9 years, osteosarcoma at 11 years, and breast cancer at 25 years after initial diagnosis of nephroblastoma); both solid malignancies occurred in the RT field.
  • CONCLUSIONS: Late effects of therapy were seen in more than two thirds of children treated for Wilms' tumor.
  • [MeSH-major] Kidney Neoplasms / radiotherapy. Radiation Injuries / complications. Wilms Tumor / radiotherapy
  • [MeSH-minor] Child. Child, Preschool. Dose-Response Relationship, Radiation. Female. Fertility / radiation effects. Follow-Up Studies. Humans. Infant. Intestinal Obstruction / etiology. Intestine, Small / radiation effects. Kidney Diseases / etiology. Kyphosis / etiology. Male. Muscles / radiation effects. Neoplasm Staging. Neoplasms, Second Primary / etiology. Puberty, Delayed / etiology. Scoliosis / etiology. Time Factors






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