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6. Ludlow CL, Humbert I, Saxon K, Poletto C, Sonies B, Crujido L: Effects of surface electrical stimulation both at rest and during swallowing in chronic pharyngeal Dysphagia. Dysphagia; 2007 Jan;22(1):1-10
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • We tested two hypotheses using surface electrical stimulation in chronic pharyngeal dysphagia: that stimulation (1) lowered the hyoid bone and/or larynx when applied at rest, and (2) increased aspiration, penetration, or pharyngeal pooling during swallowing.
  • Bipolar surface electrodes were placed on the skin overlying the submandibular and laryngeal regions.

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  • (PMID = 16718620.001).
  • [ISSN] 0179-051X
  • [Journal-full-title] Dysphagia
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Dysphagia
  • [Language] ENG
  • [Grant] United States / NINDS NIH HHS / NS / Z01 NS002980; United States / NINDS NIH HHS / NS / Z01 NS 02980; United States / NINDS NIH HHS / NS / Z01 NS002980-08; United States / Intramural NIH HHS / /
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Intramural; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ NIHMS12456; NLM/ PMC1790908
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7. Segura A, Pardo J, Jara C, Zugazabeitia L, Carulla J, de Las Peñas R, García-Cabrera E, Luz Azuara M, Casadó J, Gómez-Candela C: An epidemiological evaluation of the prevalence of malnutrition in Spanish patients with locally advanced or metastatic cancer. Clin Nutr; 2005 Oct;24(5):801-14
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  • RESULTS: Patients with the highest weight loss were those with tumours of oesophagus (57%), stomach (50%) and larynx (47%).
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Aged. Aged, 80 and over. Cachexia. Female. Humans. Male. Middle Aged. Neoplasm Metastasis. Nutritional Status. Prevalence. Prognosis. Quality of Life. Reproducibility of Results. Sensitivity and Specificity. Severity of Illness Index. Spain / epidemiology. Surveys and Questionnaires. Weight Loss / physiology

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  • (PMID = 15993517.001).
  • [ISSN] 0261-5614
  • [Journal-full-title] Clinical nutrition (Edinburgh, Scotland)
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Clin Nutr
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] England
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8. Thirumaran M, Sundar R, Sutcliffe IM, Currie DC: Is investigation of patients with haemoptysis and normal chest radiograph justified? Thorax; 2009 Oct;64(10):854-6
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  • Twenty-six patients were diagnosed to have respiratory tract malignancies (larynx, 1; trachea, 1; lung, 22; carcinoid, 1; and leiomyoma, 1).

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  • (PMID = 19457872.001).
  • [ISSN] 1468-3296
  • [Journal-full-title] Thorax
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Thorax
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] England
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9. Mehrotra R, Pandya S, Singhla M, Srivastava D, Singh M: Spectrum of malignancies in Allahabad, North India: a hospital-based study. Asian Pac J Cancer Prev; 2008 Jul-Sep;9(3):525-8
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  • MATERIALS AND METHODS: The basic information in the cancer registry included data on personal identification, demographic characteristics, diagnosis, primary site and morphology of tumours.
  • The basis of diagnosis was histological examination of the biopsy material.
  • Most commonly reported tumours were those of oral cavity (370; 11.8%), oesophagus (267; 8.5%), stomach (239, 7.6%), oropharynx (207, 6.6%), cervix (192, 6.1%), breast (190, 6.0%), larynx (101, 3.2%), skin (81, 3.2%), prostate (77, 2.4%) and the urinary bladder (66, 2.1%).
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Age Distribution. Aged. Biopsy, Needle. Developing Countries. Female. Hospitals, Public. Humans. Immunohistochemistry. Incidence. India / epidemiology. Male. Middle Aged. Neoplasm Staging. Registries. Retrospective Studies. Sex Distribution. Survival Analysis. Young Adult

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  • (PMID = 18990032.001).
  • [ISSN] 2476-762X
  • [Journal-full-title] Asian Pacific journal of cancer prevention : APJCP
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Asian Pac. J. Cancer Prev.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Thailand
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10. Starska K, Lukomski M, Lewy-Trenda I, Stasikowska O, Józefowicz-Korczyńska M, Durko M, Głowacka E: [Production of cytokines by peripheral blood mononuclear cells--correlation with clinicomorphological features in laryngeal carcinoma]. Otolaryngol Pol; 2008;62(4):388-94
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  • [Title] [Production of cytokines by peripheral blood mononuclear cells--correlation with clinicomorphological features in laryngeal carcinoma].
  • The aim of this study was to estimate of cho sen cytokines concentration produced by peripheral blood mononuclear cells and in whole blood in patients with laryngeal carcinoma and to analyze the connection of cytokines profile with clinicopathological features.
  • MATERIALA AND METHODS: 55 patients with squamous cell carcinoma of the larynx treated at ENT Department Medical University of Lodz between 2003-2007 were analyzed.
  • CONCLUSION: Our studied indicated the important influence of proinflammatory and regulatory cytokines produced by immunocompetent cells for course of neoplasm disease, aggressiveness and advance in laryngeal carcinoma.
  • [MeSH-major] Biomarkers, Tumor / blood. Carcinoma, Small Cell / immunology. Carcinoma, Small Cell / pathology. Cytokines / biosynthesis. Interferon-gamma / blood. Laryngeal Neoplasms / immunology. Laryngeal Neoplasms / pathology
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Aged. Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay. Female. Humans. Interleukin-10 / blood. Interleukin-2 / blood. Interleukin-6 / blood. Interleukin-8 / blood. Leukocytes, Mononuclear / immunology. Male. Middle Aged. Neoplasm Staging. Poland. Retrospective Studies. Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha / metabolism

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  • (PMID = 18837209.001).
  • [ISSN] 0030-6657
  • [Journal-full-title] Otolaryngologia polska = The Polish otolaryngology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Otolaryngol Pol
  • [Language] pol
  • [Publication-type] English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Poland
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Biomarkers, Tumor; 0 / Cytokines; 0 / Interleukin-2; 0 / Interleukin-6; 0 / Interleukin-8; 0 / Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha; 130068-27-8 / Interleukin-10; 82115-62-6 / Interferon-gamma
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11. Yamaguchi J, Inomata N, Hirokado M, Shimakura K, Shiomi K, Ikezawa Z: [A case of occupational contact urticaria and oral allergy syndrome due to seafood]. Arerugi; 2007 Jan;56(1):49-53
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  • She had also experienced allergic symptoms such as itching and swelling of her lips, generalized urticaria, laryngeal tightness, stridor and dyspnea immediately after ingestion of raw and cooked seafood, including sole, horse mackerel, sea eel and shellfish, over the previous 1 year before referral.
  • A challenge with a piece of broiled sole induced swelling of the lips, obstruction of the larynx, difficulty with deglutition, and abdominal pain.

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  • (PMID = 17272958.001).
  • [ISSN] 0021-4884
  • [Journal-full-title] Arerugī = [Allergy]
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Arerugi
  • [Language] jpn
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Japan
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 37341-29-0 / Immunoglobulin E
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12. Sulek J, Wagenaar-Miller RA, Shireman J, Molinolo A, Madsen DH, Engelholm LH, Behrendt N, Bugge TH: Increased expression of the collagen internalization receptor uPARAP/Endo180 in the stroma of head and neck cancer. J Histochem Cytochem; 2007 Apr;55(4):347-53
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  • As a step toward determining the putative function of uPARAP/Endo180 in head and neck cancer progression, we used immunohistochemistry to determine the expression of this collagen internalization receptor in 112 human squamous cell carcinomas and 19 normal or tumor-adjacent head and neck tissue samples from the tongue, gingiva, cheek, tonsils, palate, floor of mouth, larynx, maxillary sinus, upper jaw, nasopharynx/nasal cavity, and lymph nodes.
  • Furthermore, expression of the collagen internalization receptor was increased in tumor stroma compared with tumor-adjacent connective tissue or normal submucosal connective tissue and was most prominent in poorly differentiated tumors.

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  • (PMID = 17189524.001).
  • [ISSN] 0022-1554
  • [Journal-full-title] The journal of histochemistry and cytochemistry : official journal of the Histochemistry Society
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Histochem. Cytochem.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Grant] United States / Intramural NIH HHS / /
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Intramural; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Endo180; 0 / Receptors, Mitogen
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13. Techanivate A, Leelanukrom R, Prapongsena P, Terachinda D: Effectiveness of mouthpiece nebulization and nasal swab stick packing for topical anesthesia in awake fiberoptic nasotracheal intubation. J Med Assoc Thai; 2007 Oct;90(10):2063-71
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  • The responses of the patient to instrumentation during 4 periods, i.e.: passing the endotracheal tube into the nose, passing the bronchoscope into the pharynx-larynx, passing the bronchoscope into the trachea-carina and passing the endotracheal tube into the trachea were, as follows: no response in about 53.3%, 63.3%, 23.3%,and 13.3%; mild pain or reflex in about 46.7%, 10%, 70%, and 86.7%; moderate pain or reflex in about 0%, 3.3%, 6.7%, and 0%; and severe pain or reflex requiring more local anesthetic in about 0%, 23.3%, 0%, and 0%, respectively.

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  • (PMID = 18041425.001).
  • [ISSN] 0125-2208
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of the Medical Association of Thailand = Chotmaihet thangphaet
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Med Assoc Thai
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] Thailand
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Anesthetics, Local; 98PI200987 / Lidocaine; I5Y540LHVR / Cocaine
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4. Suthers RA, Narins PM, Lin WY, Schnitzler HU, Denzinger A, Xu CH, Feng AS: Voices of the dead: complex nonlinear vocal signals from the larynx of an ultrasonic frog. J Exp Biol; 2006 Dec;209(Pt 24):4984-93
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  • [Title] Voices of the dead: complex nonlinear vocal signals from the larynx of an ultrasonic frog.
  • We now show that the major spectral features of its calls, responsible for this frog's vocal diversity, can be generated by forcing pressurized air through the larynx of euthanized males.
  • Laryngeal specializations for ultrasound appear to include very thin portions of the medial vocal ligaments and reverse sexual size dimorphism of the larynx--being smaller in males than in females.
  • Amolops is thus the first amphibian for which the intrinsic nonlinear dynamics of its larynx--a relatively simple and expedient mechanism--can account for the species' call complexity, without invoking sophisticated neuromuscular control.
  • [MeSH-minor] Animals. Female. Larynx / anatomy & histology. Larynx / physiology. Male. Nonlinear Dynamics. Sex Characteristics

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  • (PMID = 17142687.001).
  • [ISSN] 0022-0949
  • [Journal-full-title] The Journal of experimental biology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Exp. Biol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Grant] United States / NIDCD NIH HHS / DC / DC00222; United States / NIDCD NIH HHS / DC / DC04998; United States / NINDS NIH HHS / NS / NS-29465
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] England
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15. Li JR, Guo HG, Chen X: [Pharmacological intervention for contact granuloma of the larynx]. Zhonghua Er Bi Yan Hou Tou Jing Wai Ke Za Zhi; 2008 May;43(5):387-8
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  • [Title] [Pharmacological intervention for contact granuloma of the larynx].
  • [MeSH-major] Granuloma / drug therapy. Laryngeal Diseases / drug therapy

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  • (PMID = 18717321.001).
  • [ISSN] 1673-0860
  • [Journal-full-title] Zhonghua er bi yan hou tou jing wai ke za zhi = Chinese journal of otorhinolaryngology head and neck surgery
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Zhonghua Er Bi Yan Hou Tou Jing Wai Ke Za Zhi
  • [Language] chi
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] China
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16. Li H, Peng HW, Zeng ZY, Guo ZM: [Research of modified rat laryngeal transplantation model]. Nan Fang Yi Ke Da Xue Xue Bao; 2006 Jul;26(7):994-6, 1000
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  • [Title] [Research of modified rat laryngeal transplantation model].
  • OBJECTIVE: To study modified rat laryngeal transplantation model.
  • Strome model of laryngeal transplantation was established in the the control group, and in the experimental group, the ascending pharyngeal artery was preserved and the base of the tongue, larynx and pharyngolarynx were harvested as a complex allograft followed by end-to-end anastomosis of the both allograft common carotid arteries with the recipient common carotid artery and the anterior jugular vein, respectively.
  • CONCLUSION: In modified rat laryngeal transplantation model, the allograft viability rate and vessel patency rate are improved, which provides a good model for immunological study of larynx transplantation.
  • [MeSH-major] Laryngectomy. Larynx / transplantation. Models, Animal

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  • (PMID = 16864096.001).
  • [ISSN] 1673-4254
  • [Journal-full-title] Nan fang yi ke da xue xue bao = Journal of Southern Medical University
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Nan Fang Yi Ke Da Xue Xue Bao
  • [Language] chi
  • [Publication-type] English Abstract; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] China
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17. Dirix P, Abbeel S, Vanstraelen B, Hermans R, Nuyts S: Dysphagia after chemoradiotherapy for head-and-neck squamous cell carcinoma: dose-effect relationships for the swallowing structures. Int J Radiat Oncol Biol Phys; 2009 Oct 1;75(2):385-92
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  • The volume of the middle pharyngeal constrictor muscle receiving > or =50 Gy (p = 0.04), the mean dose to this structure (p = 0.02) and to the supraglottic larynx (p = 0.04) were significantly associated with late swallowing problems at univariate analysis, along with tumor localization (p = 0.008), T-classification (p = 0.02), and pretreatment swallowing problems (p = 0.01).
  • CONCLUSION: These findings motivate further efforts to reduce the dose to the swallowing structures, especially to the pharyngeal constrictor muscles and the larynx.
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Aged. Antineoplastic Agents / administration & dosage. Antineoplastic Agents / adverse effects. Cisplatin / administration & dosage. Cisplatin / adverse effects. Combined Modality Therapy / adverse effects. Combined Modality Therapy / methods. Deglutition / drug effects. Deglutition / radiation effects. Dose-Response Relationship, Radiation. Female. Humans. Larynx / drug effects. Larynx / radiation effects. Male. Middle Aged. Pharyngeal Muscles / drug effects. Pharyngeal Muscles / radiation effects. Quality of Life. Radiation Injuries / complications


18. Jóźków P, Medraś M, Krecicki T, Zalesska-Krecicka M: Hormonal markers of aging in men with laryngeal carcinoma. Head Neck; 2005 Mar;27(3):243-7
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Hormonal markers of aging in men with laryngeal carcinoma.
  • BACKGROUND: Cancer of the larynx, a frequent neoplasm in older people, occurs several times more often in men than in women.
  • Our objective was to look for differences in hormonal markers of aging between men with laryngeal carcinoma and healthy control subjects.
  • METHODS: Seventy-eight men with cancer of the larynx and 51 healthy age-matched controls were recruited for the study.
  • RESULTS: Men with laryngeal carcinoma had lower serum concentrations of IGF-1 (136 +/- 75 vs 318 +/- 141 ng/mL, p < .000001), lower free testosterone (11.95 +/- 5.38 vs 15.48 +/- 4.96 pg/mL, p < .001), and lower dihydrotestosterone/total testosterone ratio (0.07 +/- 0.06 vs 0.09 +/- 0.04, p < .05) than healthy controls had.
  • CONCLUSIONS: Somatopause seems to be more evident in men with laryngeal carcinoma than in age-matched controls.
  • In our observation, low concentration of IGF-1 predicted the presence of laryngeal carcinoma more than low concentration of free testosterone did.
  • [MeSH-major] Dihydrotestosterone / blood. Insulin-Like Growth Factor I / analysis. Laryngeal Neoplasms / blood. Testosterone / blood

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  • [Copyright] 2005 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
  • (PMID = 15668928.001).
  • [ISSN] 1043-3074
  • [Journal-full-title] Head & neck
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Head Neck
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Biomarkers; 0 / Gonadal Steroid Hormones; 08J2K08A3Y / Dihydrotestosterone; 3XMK78S47O / Testosterone; 67763-96-6 / Insulin-Like Growth Factor I
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19. Sarvat M, Steffen N, Costa HO, Pontes P: Transventricular chondroplastic laryngotomy--a new surgical technique for the endolarynx. J Voice; 2009 Sep;23(5):619-24
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • Current surgical techniques for laryngeal exposure pose distinct limitations.
  • Three pigs were submitted to thyroid cartilage window opening without touching the laryngeal ventricle, and seven animals were submitted to the full procedure, opening a thyroid cartilage window with wide ventricular opening.
  • Prior to sacrifice, all animals underwent laryngoscopic examination and following euthanasia, the larynx and cervical regions were examined grossly, in addition to histologically.
  • This surgery allowed for extensive exposure of the ipsilateral vocal fold and the contralateral hemilarynx, through the laryngeal ventricle, and thus enabled bi-instrumental handling of the vestibular fold, laryngeal ventricle, and from the anterior commissure to the arytenoids, bilaterally.
  • [MeSH-major] Laryngoscopy / methods. Larynx / surgery. Otorhinolaryngologic Surgical Procedures / methods
  • [MeSH-minor] Animals. Humans. In Vitro Techniques. Laryngeal Muscles / pathology. Laryngeal Muscles / surgery. Postoperative Complications. Swine. Thyroid Cartilage / pathology. Thyroid Cartilage / surgery. Time Factors

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  • (PMID = 18619782.001).
  • [ISSN] 1873-4588
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of voice : official journal of the Voice Foundation
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Voice
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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20. Betlejewski S, Szymańska-Skrzypek A: [Post-laryngectomy pharyngocutaneous fistula--a continuing clinical problem]. Otolaryngol Pol; 2007;61(3):271-9
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • RESULTS: Between 1989 and 1999, 835 cases of laryngeal carcinoma were diagnosed, 690 were treated surgically, 573 of them underwent laryngectomy in our department.
  • Although the incidence of post-laryngectomy pharyngocutaneous fistulas decreased in comparison with the fistula rate observed earlier, the problem is still unresolved, and the fistulae remain a serious complication of larynx oncology surgery.
  • [MeSH-major] Carcinoma, Squamous Cell / surgery. Cutaneous Fistula / epidemiology. Laryngeal Neoplasms / surgery. Laryngectomy / statistics & numerical data. Neoplasm Recurrence, Local / epidemiology. Pharyngeal Diseases / epidemiology
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Age Distribution. Aged. Aged, 80 and over. Female. Humans. Incidence. Male. Middle Aged. Neoplasm Staging. Penicillins / adverse effects. Poland / epidemiology. Retrospective Studies. Risk Factors. Sex Distribution. Surgical Wound Infection / epidemiology. Surgical Wound Infection / etiology. Treatment Outcome

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  • (PMID = 17847780.001).
  • [ISSN] 0030-6657
  • [Journal-full-title] Otolaryngologia polska = The Polish otolaryngology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Otolaryngol Pol
  • [Language] pol
  • [Publication-type] English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Poland
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Penicillins
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21. Yao M, Epstein JB, Modi BJ, Pytynia KB, Mundt AJ, Feldman LE: Current surgical treatment of squamous cell carcinoma of the head and neck. Oral Oncol; 2007 Mar;43(3):213-23
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  • Newer tumor specific medical therapies are anticipated to be less toxic while maintaining a high degree of efficacy.
  • Advances in rehabilitation of speech following removal of the larynx have improved the quality of life post-laryngectomy patients.
  • [MeSH-minor] Chemotherapy, Adjuvant / methods. Combined Modality Therapy / methods. Humans. Laryngeal Neoplasms / drug therapy. Laryngeal Neoplasms / radiotherapy. Laryngeal Neoplasms / surgery. Neck / surgery. Pharyngeal Neoplasms / drug therapy. Pharyngeal Neoplasms / radiotherapy. Pharyngeal Neoplasms / surgery. Radiotherapy, Adjuvant / methods. Reconstructive Surgical Procedures / methods. Salvage Therapy / methods. Speech. Surgical Flaps. Treatment Outcome

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  • (PMID = 16978911.001).
  • [ISSN] 1368-8375
  • [Journal-full-title] Oral oncology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Oral Oncol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Number-of-references] 108
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22. Abbas F, Zayed R: Bioactive saponins from Astragalus suberi L. growing in Yemen. Z Naturforsch C; 2005 Nov-Dec;60(11-12):813-20
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  • The isolated saponins exhibited antibacterial activities against Gram-positive and Gram-negative bacteria with minimum inhibitory concentration values >100 microg/ml, antifungal activity against all the strains tested with minimum fungicidal concentration values between 25 and 50 microg/ml and inhibited the growth of Hep-2 (human carcinoma of larynx), with IC50 values between 50 microg/ml (compounds 5-7) and 100 microg/ml (compounds 1-4), and Hela (human carcinoma of cervix) cell lines in culture with different IC50 values [74 (compound 7), 98 (compound 5) and 180 microg/ml (compounds 1-4 and 6)].

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  • (PMID = 16402539.001).
  • [ISSN] 0939-5075
  • [Journal-full-title] Zeitschrift für Naturforschung. C, Journal of biosciences
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Z. Naturforsch., C, J. Biosci.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Germany
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Oligosaccharides; 0 / Saponins
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23. Wirth LJ, Allen AM, Posner MR, Haddad RI, Li Y, Clark JR, Busse PM, Chan AW, Goguen LA, Norris CM, Annino DJ, Tishler RB: Phase I dose-finding study of paclitaxel with panitumumab, carboplatin and intensity-modulated radiotherapy in patients with locally advanced squamous cell cancer of the head and neck. Ann Oncol; 2010 Feb;21(2):342-7
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  • Untreated patients with oral cavity, oropharynx, larynx, hypopharynx or unknown primaries were eligible.

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  • (PMID = 19892746.001).
  • [ISSN] 1569-8041
  • [Journal-full-title] Annals of oncology : official journal of the European Society for Medical Oncology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Ann. Oncol.
  • [Language] ENG
  • [Publication-type] Clinical Trial, Phase I; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Antibodies, Monoclonal; 0 / panitumumab; BG3F62OND5 / Carboplatin; P88XT4IS4D / Paclitaxel
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24. Charef S, Jrad BB, Mahfouth W, Zakhama A, Kassab A, Driss N, Chouchane L: [Detection of EBV by PCR in fresh and paraffin embedded samples of cavum tumour]. Arch Inst Pasteur Tunis; 2006;83(1-4):41-7
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  • [Title] [Detection of EBV by PCR in fresh and paraffin embedded samples of cavum tumour].
  • [Transliterated title] Détection de l'EBV par PCR dans des biopsies fraîches et enrobées en paraffine du cancer du cavum.
  • It's the second ORL cancer of men after the larynx one.
  • [MeSH-major] Biopsy / methods. Epstein-Barr Virus Infections / diagnosis. Epstein-Barr Virus Infections / virology. Nasopharyngeal Neoplasms / virology. Paraffin Embedding / methods. Polymerase Chain Reaction / methods

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  • (PMID = 19388596.001).
  • [ISSN] 0020-2509
  • [Journal-full-title] Archives de l'Institut Pasteur de Tunis
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Arch Inst Pasteur Tunis
  • [Language] fre
  • [Publication-type] Comparative Study; English Abstract; Journal Article; Validation Studies
  • [Publication-country] Tunisia
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / DNA, Viral; 0 / Fixatives; 0 / Picrates; 1HG84L3525 / Formaldehyde; 37330-50-0 / Bouin's solution; Q40Q9N063P / Acetic Acid
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25. Chau-In W, Chinachoti T, Punjasawadi Y, Klanarong S, Taratarnkoolwatana K: Unplanned intubation during anesthesia: review of 31 cases from the Thai Anesthesia Incidents Study (THAI study). J Med Assoc Thai; 2006 Feb;89(2):224-30
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  • Six of the 21 cases (28.6%) were children under 10 years of age who suffered from papilloma of the larynx.
  • Sixteen cases of the 31 cases (52%) of the unplanned intubations were due to inadequate ventilation; 13 cases (41%) due to laryngeal edema; 11 cases (36%) due to sedative agents.
  • [MeSH-major] Airway Obstruction / diagnosis. Anesthesia / adverse effects. Bronchoscopy / adverse effects. Intubation, Intratracheal / statistics & numerical data

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  • (PMID = 16579010.001).
  • [ISSN] 0125-2208
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of the Medical Association of Thailand = Chotmaihet thangphaet
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Med Assoc Thai
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Comparative Study; Journal Article; Multicenter Study; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] Thailand
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26. Kothe C, Münzenmayer C, Wittenberg T, Hess M: [Experiences with 'optical' biopsies of leukoplakia of the vocal folds]. Laryngorhinootologie; 2005 Feb;84(2):92-5
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  • METHODS: 25 images from patients with a normal larynx and 25 images from patients with leucoplakia were analysed retrospectively.
  • CONCLUSION: Optical biopsies can contribute to find the correct diagnosis.
  • [MeSH-major] Biopsy. Diagnosis, Computer-Assisted. Image Processing, Computer-Assisted. Laryngeal Neoplasms / pathology. Laryngoscopy. Leukoplakia / pathology. Precancerous Conditions / pathology. Video Recording. Vocal Cords / pathology
  • [MeSH-minor] Adolescent. Adult. Aged. Aged, 80 and over. Diagnosis, Differential. Humans. Laryngitis / pathology. Middle Aged. Neoplasm Staging. Reference Values. Retrospective Studies. Sensitivity and Specificity. Software

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  • (PMID = 15712043.001).
  • [ISSN] 0935-8943
  • [Journal-full-title] Laryngo- rhino- otologie
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Laryngorhinootologie
  • [Language] ger
  • [Publication-type] English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Germany
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27. Xiao P, Zhang XS: Adult laryngotracheal surgery. Anesthesiol Clin; 2010 Sep;28(3):529-40
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  • The human larynx plays a pivotal role in airway protection, respiration, and phonation.
  • Laryngeal disorders can be divided into two categories, benign lesions and malignant lesions.
  • Most benign lesions are treatable with surgery and speech therapy, whereas the malignant lesions require more invasive surgery as well as radiation and chemotherapy.
  • [MeSH-major] Anesthesia. Larynx / surgery. Trachea / surgery
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Anesthesia, General. Humans. Laryngeal Diseases / surgery. Laryngeal Neoplasms / diagnosis. Laryngeal Neoplasms / epidemiology. Laryngeal Neoplasms / pathology. Laryngeal Neoplasms / surgery. Laryngectomy. Papilloma / surgery. Preoperative Care. Reconstructive Surgical Procedures. Tracheitis / surgery

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  • [Copyright] Copyright © 2010 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
  • (PMID = 20850083.001).
  • [ISSN] 1932-2275
  • [Journal-full-title] Anesthesiology clinics
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Anesthesiol Clin
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] United States
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28. Bielecki I, Mniszek J, Cofała M: Intralesional injection of cidofovir for recurrent respiratory papillomatosis in children. Int J Pediatr Otorhinolaryngol; 2009 May;73(5):681-4
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  • INTRODUCTION: Papillomatosis of the larynx appears as the result of an infection by the human papilloma virus (HPV).
  • In children, the disease produces benign lesions, which grow rapidly and show a marked tendency to recur once removed.
  • The basic goal of treatment is to preserve the patency of air passages while simultaneously preserving the phonatory and anatomical functioning of the larynx.
  • Over the last 10 years, the possibility of a pharmacological treatment has been continually explored: in particular, the administration of locally passed cidofovir (first reported in a 1999 study by Pransky) to the larynx with papillomas is under current scrutiny.
  • GOAL OF STUDY: The goal of the following study is to estimate the effectiveness of locally administered cidofovir for treatment of papillomas of the larynx in children.
  • [MeSH-major] Antiviral Agents / therapeutic use. Cytosine / analogs & derivatives. Laryngeal Neoplasms / drug therapy. Organophosphonates / therapeutic use. Papilloma / drug therapy
  • [MeSH-minor] Adolescent. Child. Child, Preschool. Female. Humans. Infant. Injections, Intramuscular. Laryngeal Muscles. Male. Neoplasm Recurrence, Local. Neoplasm Staging. Remission Induction

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  • (PMID = 19193450.001).
  • [ISSN] 1872-8464
  • [Journal-full-title] International journal of pediatric otorhinolaryngology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Int. J. Pediatr. Otorhinolaryngol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Ireland
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Antiviral Agents; 0 / Organophosphonates; 8J337D1HZY / Cytosine; JIL713Q00N / cidofovir
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29. Giordano G, Corcione L, Giordano D, D'Adda T, Gnetti L, Ferri T: Primary moderately differentiated neuroendocrine carcinoma (atypical carcinoid) of the larynx: A case report with immunohistochemical and molecular study. Auris Nasus Larynx; 2009 Apr;36(2):228-31
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  • [Title] Primary moderately differentiated neuroendocrine carcinoma (atypical carcinoid) of the larynx: A case report with immunohistochemical and molecular study.
  • Neuroendocrine tumours are the second most common laryngeal neoplasms, following squamous carcinoma.
  • In this paper, we report the case of a moderately differentiated neuroendocrine carcinoma NEC (atypical carcinoid) of the larynx in a heavy smoker 67-year-old woman, with a history of hoarseness, dysphagia and dyspnea.
  • Here, we emphasized the morphological criteria for a correct pathological diagnosis.
  • Moreover, because it has been demonstrated that many neuroendocrine neoplasms and malignant lesions of the larynx can be related to human papilloma virus (HPV), for the first time, we probed to verify if laryngeal neuroendocrine carcinoma could be due to an HPV infection by using polymerase chain reaction amplification (PCR) of tumoural DNA.
  • Thus, this neoplasm is not due to an HPV infection, but a mutation of p53 gene which could cause immunohistochemical overexpression of p53 protein.
  • [MeSH-major] Carcinoid Tumor / pathology. Laryngeal Neoplasms / pathology
  • [MeSH-minor] Aged. Biomarkers, Tumor / analysis. Biopsy. DNA Mutational Analysis. DNA Probes, HPV / genetics. DNA, Neoplasm / genetics. Female. Humans. Laryngectomy. Larynx / pathology. Lymph Node Excision. Neoplasm Invasiveness. Neoplasm Staging. Polymerase Chain Reaction. Tumor Suppressor Protein p53 / genetics


30. Bonner JA, Harari PM, Giralt J, Cohen RB, Jones CU, Sur RK, Raben D, Baselga J, Spencer SA, Zhu J, Youssoufian H, Rowinsky EK, Ang KK: Radiotherapy plus cetuximab for locoregionally advanced head and neck cancer: 5-year survival data from a phase 3 randomised trial, and relation between cetuximab-induced rash and survival. Lancet Oncol; 2010 Jan;11(1):21-8
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  • METHODS: Patients with LASCCHN of the oropharynx, hypopharynx, or larynx with measurable disease were randomly allocated in a 1:1 ratio to receive either comprehensive head and neck radiotherapy alone for 6-7 weeks or radiotherapy plus weekly doses of cetuximab: 400 mg/m(2) initial dose, followed by seven weekly doses at 250 mg/m(2).
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Aged. Aged, 80 and over. Antibodies, Monoclonal, Humanized. Cetuximab. Chemotherapy, Adjuvant. Dose Fractionation. Female. Humans. Male. Middle Aged. Neoplasm Staging. Proportional Hazards Models. Risk Assessment. Severity of Illness Index. Survival Analysis. Time Factors. Treatment Outcome


31. Sapkota A, Hsu CC, Zaridze D, Shangina O, Szeszenia-Dabrowska N, Mates D, Fabiánová E, Rudnai P, Janout V, Holcatova I, Brennan P, Boffetta P, Hashibe M: Dietary risk factors for squamous cell carcinoma of the upper aerodigestive tract in central and eastern Europe. Cancer Causes Control; 2008 Dec;19(10):1161-70
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  • OBJECTIVE: The incidence of squamous cell carcinoma of upper aerodigestive tract (UADT: oral cavity, pharynx, larynx, and esophagus) has been increasing in central and eastern European countries.
  • RESULTS: Consumption of dairy product was negatively associated with selected UADT cancers: larynx (OR: 0.38, CI: 0.23-0.62) and esophagus (OR: 0.55, CI: 0.33-0.93).
  • While consumption of yellow/orange vegetables were inversely associated with oral/pharyngeal and laryngeal cancer (OR: 0.53, CI: 0.35-0.81 and OR: 0.62, CI: 0.38-1.00, respectively), preserved vegetable was positively associated with oral/pharyngeal and laryngeal cancer risk (p (trend) < 0.01 for both).
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Age Distribution. Aged. Alcohol Drinking / adverse effects. Case-Control Studies. Confidence Intervals. Czech Republic / epidemiology. Demography. Esophageal Neoplasms / epidemiology. Esophageal Neoplasms / pathology. Europe, Eastern / epidemiology. Female. Humans. Hungary / epidemiology. Laryngeal Neoplasms / epidemiology. Laryngeal Neoplasms / pathology. Life Style. Logistic Models. Male. Middle Aged. Mouth Neoplasms / epidemiology. Mouth Neoplasms / pathology. Multicenter Studies as Topic. Odds Ratio. Pharyngeal Neoplasms / epidemiology. Pharyngeal Neoplasms / pathology. Risk Factors. Romania / epidemiology. Slovakia / epidemiology. Smoking / adverse effects. Surveys and Questionnaires

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  • (PMID = 18512121.001).
  • [ISSN] 1573-7225
  • [Journal-full-title] Cancer causes & control : CCC
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Cancer Causes Control
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] Netherlands
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32. Svetitskiĭ PV, Volkova VL: [Functionally sparing operation in locally advanced laryngeal cancer]. Vestn Otorinolaringol; 2005;(6):40-2
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  • [Title] [Functionally sparing operation in locally advanced laryngeal cancer].
  • The proposed reconstructive operation in patients with locally advanced laryngeal cancer.
  • The operation implies removal of the tumor-affected half of the larynx with reconstruction of the lost structures.
  • The lateral laryngeal wall is created from cervical skin.
  • [MeSH-major] Carcinoma, Squamous Cell / surgery. Laryngeal Neoplasms / surgery. Laryngectomy / methods. Reconstructive Surgical Procedures / methods

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  • (PMID = 16353008.001).
  • [ISSN] 0042-4668
  • [Journal-full-title] Vestnik otorinolaringologii
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Vestn. Otorinolaringol.
  • [Language] rus
  • [Publication-type] Comparative Study; English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Russia (Federation)
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33. Ramírez-Marrero FA, Smit E, De La Torre-Feliciano T, Pérez-Irizarry J, Miranda S, Cruz M, Figueroa-Vallés NR, Crespo CJ, Nazario CM: Risk of cancer among Hispanics with AIDS compared with the general population in Puerto Rico: 1987-2003. P R Health Sci J; 2010 Sep;29(3):256-64
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  • RESULTS: A total of 612 cancers were identified after 3 months of AIDS diagnosis: 409 (66.7%) AIDS related and 203 (33.1%) non-AIDS related.
  • Non-AIDS related cancers with higher risk during the HAART availability were: oropharyngeal, anal, liver, larynx, eye and orbit, Hodgkin lymphoma, and vaginal.

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  • (PMID = 20799513.001).
  • [ISSN] 0738-0658
  • [Journal-full-title] Puerto Rico health sciences journal
  • [ISO-abbreviation] P R Health Sci J
  • [Language] eng
  • [Grant] United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / CA096257; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / P20 CA096256
  • [Publication-type] Comparative Study; Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural
  • [Publication-country] Puerto Rico
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34. Debnath I, Rich JT, Paniello RC: Intrinsic laryngeal muscle reinnervation using the muscle-nerve-muscle technique. Ann Otol Rhinol Laryngol; 2008 May;117(5):382-8
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Intrinsic laryngeal muscle reinnervation using the muscle-nerve-muscle technique.
  • OBJECTIVES: This study was performed to investigate the muscle-nerve-muscle reinnervation technique in the larynx, in which a nerve conduit implanted into an innervated muscle conducts axonal sprouting into a denervated muscle while maintaining function of the donor muscle.
  • METHODS: In this study, the muscle-nerve-muscle technique was used to direct superior laryngeal nerve axons to reinnervate intrinsic laryngeal muscles by implanting the recurrent laryngeal nerve stump into the cricothyroid muscle in 8 dogs.
  • In 4 of the dogs, the recurrent laryngeal nerve trunk to the adductor muscles was divided so that all axonal sprouting was directed to the posterior cricoarytenoid muscle.
  • These responses were obliterated when the recurrent laryngeal nerve conduit was divided.
  • Histologic examination of the intrinsic laryngeal muscles demonstrated successful reinnervation.
  • CONCLUSIONS: The results confirm that intrinsic laryngeal muscles may be successfully reinnervated by the superior laryngeal nerve with the muscle-nerve-muscle technique, without sacrifice of function of the cricothyroid muscle.
  • This method offers an alternative source of appropriately firing axons for laryngeal reinnervation procedures.
  • [MeSH-major] Laryngeal Muscles / surgery. Laryngoscopy / methods. Reconstructive Surgical Procedures / methods. Recurrent Laryngeal Nerve / surgery. Vocal Cord Paralysis / surgery. Vocal Cords / injuries

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  • (PMID = 18564536.001).
  • [ISSN] 0003-4894
  • [Journal-full-title] The Annals of otology, rhinology, and laryngology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Ann. Otol. Rhinol. Laryngol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Comparative Study; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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35. Zajkowski P, Białek EJ: [Ultrasound imaging in laryngology]. Otolaryngol Pol; 2007;61(4):544-9
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  • Only the structures situated in the sonographic acoustic shadow: behind bones, calcified cartilages, stones, and behind organs containing gas (f.e. trachea and larynx) can not be visualized.
  • Ultrasound is widely regarded as the first imaging method in the diseases of the thyroid, salivary glands (parotid gland, submandibular gland and sublingual gland), lymph nodes, muscles, soft tissues of the head and neck, and as an valuable adjunct in some laryngeal pathologies.
  • However, most neck tumors (f.e. in the thyroid, salivary glands, and soft tisses) as well as equivocal lymph nodes demand fine needle aspiration biopsy to determine their benign or malignant nature.

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  • (PMID = 18260248.001).
  • [ISSN] 0030-6657
  • [Journal-full-title] Otolaryngologia polska = The Polish otolaryngology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Otolaryngol Pol
  • [Language] pol
  • [Publication-type] English Abstract; Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] Poland
  • [Number-of-references] 12
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36. Almadori G, Bussu F, Navarra P, Galli J, Paludetti G, Giardina B, Maurizi M: Pilot phase IIA study for evaluation of the efficacy of folic acid in the treatment of laryngeal leucoplakia. Cancer; 2006 Jul 15;107(2):328-36
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  • [Title] Pilot phase IIA study for evaluation of the efficacy of folic acid in the treatment of laryngeal leucoplakia.
  • BACKGROUND: It has been previously observed that patients with head and neck squamous cell carcinoma or with laryngeal leucoplakia present a significant reduction in plasma folate levels.
  • The current Phase IIA pilot study assessed the effectiveness of folic acid as a chemopreventive agent in patients affected by glottic laryngeal leucoplakia.
  • METHODS: Forty-three untreated patients affected by glottic laryngeal leucoplakia were enrolled in the Ear, Nose, and Throat Department (Universita Cattolica del Saco Cuore, Rome, Italy).
  • CONCLUSIONS: The larynx is 1 of the sites of major interest and a good model for the development of chemopreventive agents, but so far the proposed agents have shown no clear efficacy on precancerous lesions or on the development of second malignancies.
  • [MeSH-major] Folic Acid / therapeutic use. Laryngeal Neoplasms / drug therapy. Leukoplakia / drug therapy

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  • (PMID = 16770770.001).
  • [ISSN] 0008-543X
  • [Journal-full-title] Cancer
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Cancer
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Clinical Trial, Phase II; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 935E97BOY8 / Folic Acid
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37. Jecker P, Schuon R, Hlawatsch A: [Ultrasound of hypopharyngeal and oesophageal cancer: possibilities and limitations to staging and planning of therapy]. Ultraschall Med; 2005 Aug;26(4):312-7
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  • [Transliterated title] Die sonographische Beurteilbarkeit des Hypopharynx und des extrathorakalen Osophagus: Möglichkeiten und Grenzen für Staging und Therapieplanung.
  • In 10 patients with squamous cell carcinoma of the hypopharynx/proximal oesophagus (8T4, 2T2) and 2 patients with a T4 squamous cell carcinoma of the larynx, both preoperative CT and ultrasound were performed and compared with the extent of the tumour seen during endoscopy.
  • In contrast to CT, intralaryngeal tumour spread was not seen with ultrasound as long as the laryngeal skeleton was intact.
  • Nevertheless, these results show that in all patients included in this study the extent of the tumour could have been estimated correctly by using ultrasound plus endoscopic examination alone.
  • [MeSH-minor] Female. Humans. Male. Neoplasm Staging. Reproducibility of Results. Tomography, X-Ray Computed

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  • (PMID = 16123926.001).
  • [ISSN] 0172-4614
  • [Journal-full-title] Ultraschall in der Medizin (Stuttgart, Germany : 1980)
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Ultraschall Med
  • [Language] ger
  • [Publication-type] Comparative Study; English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Germany
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38. Calais G: TPF: a rational choice for larynx preservation? Oncologist; 2010;15 Suppl 3:19-24
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  • [Title] TPF: a rational choice for larynx preservation?
  • Randomized studies demonstrated that induction chemotherapy with a cisplatin-5-fluorouracil (5-FU) doublet (PF) prior to radiotherapy enabled larynx preservation in a substantial proportion of patients, compared with surgery plus radiotherapy, without compromising survival.
  • The benefit in terms of larynx preservation when using platinum-based doublet induction chemotherapy followed by radiotherapy, compared with concurrent chemotherapy and radiotherapy, is less clear, although the sequential approach appears to be better tolerated.
  • Adding the taxane docetaxel to PF, to create the TPF triplet regimen, led to significantly higher larynx preservation and laryngectomy-free survival rates than with the PF doublet.

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  • (PMID = 21036885.001).
  • [ISSN] 1549-490X
  • [Journal-full-title] The oncologist
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Oncologist
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Taxoids; 15H5577CQD / docetaxel; Q20Q21Q62J / Cisplatin; U3P01618RT / Fluorouracil; TPF protocol
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39. Chatziavramidis A, Grekou A, Thomaidis I, Sidiras T: Myoepithelioma of the larynx: a case report. Cases J; 2009;2:8085
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  • [Title] Myoepithelioma of the larynx: a case report.
  • Myoepithelioma of the larynx is a very rare tumor with nonspecific local symptoms.
  • We present the second known case, focusing on the peculiarities of the differential diagnosis for this type of tumor that are crucial for the right histologic diagnosis and furthermore for the therapeutic outcome.We report a 37-year-old male presenting with hoarseness and dyspnea.
  • The indirect laryngoscopy revealed a gross glottic tumor from the right vocal cord who occupied the greater part of the glottis.
  • A modified vertical partial laryngectomy, under temporary tracheostomy, with muscle reconstruction for the deficit of the right vocal cord was applied for the removal of the tumor.
  • The final histopathologic diagnosis was myoepithelioma (spindle cell type) of the larynx.
  • A long term follow-up in our case showed no recurrence and a good functional result.The larynx is a very rare localization for this type of tumour.
  • The benign character of the disease in conjunction with its slow progression could delay its detection and diagnosis, leading to a more destructive surgery.
  • A detailed pathology examination is prerequisite for avoidance of misleading diagnosis.

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  • [Cites] Ultrastruct Pathol. 1989 Mar-Jun;13(2-3):187-224 [2544051.001]
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  • (PMID = 19918450.001).
  • [ISSN] 1757-1626
  • [Journal-full-title] Cases journal
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Cases J
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC2769400
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40. Noorizan Y, Chew YK, Khir A, Brito-Mutunayagam S: A complete transection of larynx. Med J Malaysia; 2009 Jun;64(2):179-80
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  • [Title] A complete transection of larynx.
  • Acute laryngeal injury is a rare, potentially lethal injury.
  • Commonly described are external laryngeal or blunt injuries.
  • [MeSH-major] Larynx / injuries. Wounds, Penetrating / surgery

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  • (PMID = 20058586.001).
  • [ISSN] 0300-5283
  • [Journal-full-title] The Medical journal of Malaysia
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Med. J. Malaysia
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Malaysia
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41. Kwak PE, Friedman AD, Lamarre ED, Lorenz RR: Selective reinnervation of the posterior cricoarytenoid and interarytenoid muscles: an anatomical study. Laryngoscope; 2010 Mar;120(3):463-7
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  • OBJECTIVES/HYPOTHESIS: Selective reinnervation for bilateral vocal fold paralysis has been successful in animal models and shows promise in humans, but detailed, surgically relevant measurements for performing this in the human larynx are not readily available.
  • STUDY DESIGN: Anatomical study describing the anatomy and gender differences of the recurrent laryngeal nerve, with specific attention to the distance between the posterior cricoarytenoid (PCA) branch and the interarytenoid (IA) branch.
  • CONCLUSIONS: This study provides new insight into laryngeal anatomy and further data for developing a reliable surgical approach.
  • [MeSH-major] Laryngeal Muscles / innervation. Laryngeal Nerves / anatomy & histology

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  • (PMID = 20066727.001).
  • [ISSN] 1531-4995
  • [Journal-full-title] The Laryngoscope
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Laryngoscope
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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42. Koiwai K, Shikama N, Sasaki S, Shinoda A, Kadoya M: Risk factors for severe Dysphagia after concurrent chemoradiotherapy for head and neck cancers. Jpn J Clin Oncol; 2009 Jul;39(7):413-7
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  • The locations of the primary lesion were as follows: larynx in 18 patients, oropharynx in 11, nasopharynx in 7, hypopharynx in 7 and others in 4.
  • [MeSH-minor] Adolescent. Adult. Aged. Aged, 80 and over. Carcinoma, Squamous Cell / drug therapy. Carcinoma, Squamous Cell / radiotherapy. Carcinoma, Squamous Cell / secondary. Cisplatin / administration & dosage. Combined Modality Therapy. Female. Fluorouracil / administration & dosage. Humans. Male. Middle Aged. Neoplasm Staging. Prognosis. Radiotherapy Dosage. Retrospective Studies. Risk Factors. Survival Rate. Treatment Outcome. Young Adult

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  • (PMID = 19383615.001).
  • [ISSN] 1465-3621
  • [Journal-full-title] Japanese journal of clinical oncology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Jpn. J. Clin. Oncol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Chemical-registry-number] Q20Q21Q62J / Cisplatin; U3P01618RT / Fluorouracil
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43. Ma LJ, Li W, Zhang X, Huang DH, Zhang H, Xiao JY, Tian YQ: Differential gene expression profiling of laryngeal squamous cell carcinoma by laser capture microdissection and complementary DNA microarrays. Arch Med Res; 2009 Feb;40(2):114-23
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  • [Title] Differential gene expression profiling of laryngeal squamous cell carcinoma by laser capture microdissection and complementary DNA microarrays.
  • BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Genetic alteration associated with initiation and progression of laryngeal squamous cell carcinoma (LSCC) is largely unknown.
  • METHODS: Tumor cells were collected from eight matched pairs of specimens of glottic carcinoma of the larynx and histologically normal epithelium tissues adjacent to the carcinoma by laser capture microdissection (LCM).
  • Analysis of gene ontology and pathway distributions then highlighted genes that may be critically important to laryngeal carcinogenesis.
  • [MeSH-major] Biomarkers, Tumor / genetics. Carcinoma, Squamous Cell / genetics. Gene Expression Profiling. Laryngeal Neoplasms / genetics. Oligonucleotide Array Sequence Analysis

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  • (PMID = 19237021.001).
  • [ISSN] 1873-5487
  • [Journal-full-title] Archives of medical research
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Arch. Med. Res.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Biomarkers, Tumor; 0 / HMGA2 Protein; 0 / Tissue Inhibitor of Metalloproteinases; 0 / tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinase-4; EC 3.4.24.65 / MMP12 protein, human; EC 3.4.24.65 / Matrix Metalloproteinase 12
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44. Orecka B, Namysłowski G, Fira R, Misiołek M, Scierski W: [Videostroboscopy assessment in patients with vocal fold hypertrophy underwent microsurgery]. Pol Merkur Lekarski; 2005 Sep;19(111):298-300
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  • The basic aim of this research was to asses phonation function of the larynx after microsurgery on the basis of videostroboscopy examination.

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  • (PMID = 16358849.001).
  • [ISSN] 1426-9686
  • [Journal-full-title] Polski merkuriusz lekarski : organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Pol. Merkur. Lekarski
  • [Language] pol
  • [Publication-type] English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Poland
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45. Holsinger FC, Lin HY, Bassot V, Laccourreye O: Platin-based exclusive chemotherapy for selected patients with squamous cell carcinoma of the larynx and pharynx. Cancer; 2009 Sep 1;115(17):3909-18
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  • [Title] Platin-based exclusive chemotherapy for selected patients with squamous cell carcinoma of the larynx and pharynx.
  • BACKGROUND: The current study was conducted to determine the long-term outcomes of patients with squamous cell carcinoma of the larynx and pharynx who were treated with platin-based exclusive chemotherapy (EC) after they achieved a complete clinical response (CCR) to induction chemotherapy.
  • In multivariate analysis, primary tumor arising outside the glottic larynx (P = .0001) and a Charlson comorbidity index >1 (P = .0001) were associated with a statistically significant reduction in survival.
  • Salvage treatment resulted in an observed final local control rate of 93% that varied from 97.2% in patients who had glottic cancer to 88.7% in patients who had tumor originating from other sites (P = .097).

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  • (PMID = 19551883.001).
  • [ISSN] 0008-543X
  • [Journal-full-title] Cancer
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Cancer
  • [Language] ENG
  • [Grant] United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / K12 CA88084; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / K12 CA088084-09; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / P30 CA016672; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / P50 CA097007; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / CA16672; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / K12 CA088084; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / P50 CA97007
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Antineoplastic Agents; 0 / Platinum Compounds; Q20Q21Q62J / Cisplatin; U3P01618RT / Fluorouracil
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ NIHMS124415; NLM/ PMC3851301
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46. Yurut-Caloglu V, Caloglu M, Turan FN, Ibis K, Karagol H, Kocak Z, Uzal C: The better performance status, the better outcome: laryngeal carcinoma treated with definitive radiotherapy. J Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg; 2008 Dec;37(6):799-806
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  • [Title] The better performance status, the better outcome: laryngeal carcinoma treated with definitive radiotherapy.
  • PURPOSE: To evaluate the prognostic factors affecting locoregional control (LRC) and overall survival (OS) of patients with laryngeal carcinoma who were not candidates for surgical treatment due to tumour or host factors but were treated with definitive radiotherapy (RT).
  • All patients had histologically proven squamous cell carcinomas of the larynx.
  • No statistically significant relationship was found between World Health Organization performance status score (WHO PS) and age (p=.21), tumour site (p=.42), overall stage (p=.11), T stage (p=.19), and N stage (p=.69).
  • CONCLUSION: Definitive RT, in patients with early- and more advanced-stage squamous cell carcinoma of the larynx, is an important treatment option.
  • [MeSH-major] Carcinoma, Squamous Cell / radiotherapy. Laryngeal Neoplasms / radiotherapy

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  • (PMID = 19128707.001).
  • [ISSN] 1916-0216
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of otolaryngology - head & neck surgery = Le Journal d'oto-rhino-laryngologie et de chirurgie cervico-faciale
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Canada
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47. Ku PK, Vlantis AC, Leung SF, Lee KY, Cheung DM, Abdullah VJ, van Hasselt A, Tong MC: Laryngopharyngeal sensory deficits and impaired pharyngeal motor function predict aspiration in patients irradiated for nasopharyngeal carcinoma. Laryngoscope; 2010 Feb;120(2):223-8
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  • The sensory threshold of the laryngopharynx was determined, the pharyngeal contraction assessed, and the status of the larynx and hypopharynx documented before and after swallowing.
  • The presence of laryngeal penetration and aspiration was noted.
  • Laryngeal penetration and aspiration occurred in 87% and 74% of patients, respectively.
  • [MeSH-major] Deglutition Disorders / etiology. Laryngeal Nerves / physiopathology. Nasopharyngeal Neoplasms / radiotherapy. Pharynx / innervation. Pharynx / physiopathology. Radiation Injuries. Respiratory Aspiration / etiology
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Aged. Aged, 80 and over. Female. Humans. Laryngoscopy. Larynx / physiopathology. Male. Middle Aged. Sensory Thresholds

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  • (PMID = 19950372.001).
  • [ISSN] 1531-4995
  • [Journal-full-title] The Laryngoscope
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Laryngoscope
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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48. Ott K, Lordick F, Molls M, Bartels H, Biemer E, Siewert JR: Limited resection and free jejunal graft interposition for squamous cell carcinoma of the cervical oesophagus. Br J Surg; 2009 Mar;96(3):258-66
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  • Complete or partial preservation of the larynx was achieved in 93 patients (85.3 per cent).


49. Frata P, Ponticelli P, Cosentino D, Buffoli A, Di Pilla A, Morrica B, Palazzi M: Radiotherapy resources for the care of head and neck patients in Italy. A survey by the head and neck group of the Italian Association for Radiation Oncology (AIRO). Tumori; 2008 Jan-Feb;94(1):59-64
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  • The larynx was the primary site most frequently involved.

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  • (PMID = 18468336.001).
  • [ISSN] 0300-8916
  • [Journal-full-title] Tumori
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Tumori
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Multicenter Study
  • [Publication-country] United States
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50. Peng LY, Zhen HT, Cui YH: [One case of pleomorphic adenoma of the larynx]. Zhonghua Er Bi Yan Hou Tou Jing Wai Ke Za Zhi; 2007 Sep;42(9):691
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  • [Title] [One case of pleomorphic adenoma of the larynx].
  • [MeSH-major] Adenoma, Pleomorphic / pathology. Laryngeal Neoplasms / pathology. Larynx / pathology

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  • (PMID = 18051572.001).
  • [ISSN] 1673-0860
  • [Journal-full-title] Zhonghua er bi yan hou tou jing wai ke za zhi = Chinese journal of otorhinolaryngology head and neck surgery
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Zhonghua Er Bi Yan Hou Tou Jing Wai Ke Za Zhi
  • [Language] chi
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] China
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51. Eckley CA: Glottic configuration in wind instrument players. Braz J Otorhinolaryngol; 2006 Jan-Feb;72(1):45-7
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  • Interestingly, only a small number of reports focus on the laryngeal function of such professionals.
  • AIM: The current study evaluated the laryngeal and vocal tract movement of wind instrument players.
  • RESULTS: In all the participants it was observed that musical tones were played with adducted vocal folds and that the greater the technical difficulty reported by the player, the more it was associated with increased lateral tension in the larynx, as well as constriction in the vocal tract.
  • CONCLUSIONS: The larynx controls the airflow that will reach the mouthpiece of the instrument, directly interfering in blowing.

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  • (PMID = 16917552.001).
  • [ISSN] 1808-8694
  • [Journal-full-title] Brazilian journal of otorhinolaryngology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Braz J Otorhinolaryngol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Brazil
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52. Woodie JB, Ducharme NG, Hackett RP, Erb HN, Mitchell LM, Soderholm LV: Can an external device prevent dorsal displacement of the soft palate during strenuous exercise? Equine Vet J; 2005 Sep;37(5):425-9
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  • In light of recent findings that suggested the position of the larynx may influence the occurrence of DDSP, we investigated whether a noninvasive mean of affecting the position of the larynx could be effective in the management of DDSP.
  • LHS) positioning the larynx in a more rostral and dorsal location and preventing caudal displacement of the basihyoid bone would be effective in preventing DDSP during strenuous exercise.
  • CONCLUSIONS: The LHS helped prevent experimentally induced DDSP at exercise, probably by statically positioning the larynx in a more rostral and dorsal position.

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  • [CommentIn] Equine Vet J. 2005 Sep;37(5):386-8 [16163937.001]
  • (PMID = 16163944.001).
  • [ISSN] 0425-1644
  • [Journal-full-title] Equine veterinary journal
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Equine Vet. J.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] England
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53. Zhang X, Kong W: [Effects of A23187 on intracellular free Ca2+ concentration and apoptosis on human squamous cell carcinoma of larynx]. Lin Chuang Er Bi Yan Hou Ke Za Zhi; 2005 Jun;19(11):507-9
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  • [Title] [Effects of A23187 on intracellular free Ca2+ concentration and apoptosis on human squamous cell carcinoma of larynx].
  • OBJECTIVE: To study the effects of A23187 on intracellular free Ca2+ concentration and apoptosis on human squamous cell carcinoma of larynx.
  • METHOD: Human squamous cell carcinoma of larynx were randomly divided into 4 groups ( 3 treated with A23187 groups and 1 control).
  • CONCLUSION: Exposuring to A23187 would interfere with intracellular free Ca2+ concentration and apoptotic rate in human squamous cell carcinoma of larynx suggests that there may be certain relation between them.
  • [MeSH-major] Apoptosis / drug effects. Calcimycin / pharmacology. Calcium / analysis. Ionophores / pharmacology. Laryngeal Neoplasms / physiopathology
  • [MeSH-minor] Cell Line, Tumor. Humans

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  • (PMID = 16124650.001).
  • [Journal-full-title] Lin chuang er bi yan hou ke za zhi = Journal of clinical otorhinolaryngology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Lin Chuang Er Bi Yan Hou Ke Za Zhi
  • [Language] chi
  • [Publication-type] English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] China
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Ionophores; 37H9VM9WZL / Calcimycin; SY7Q814VUP / Calcium
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54. Pekarkova M, Kircher PR, Konar M, Lang J, Tessier C: Magnetic resonance imaging anatomy of the normal equine larynx and pharynx. Vet Radiol Ultrasound; 2009 Jul-Aug;50(4):392-7
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  • [Title] Magnetic resonance imaging anatomy of the normal equine larynx and pharynx.
  • The purpose of the present study was to describe normal magnetic resonance (MR) imaging anatomy of the equine larynx and pharynx and to present the optimal protocol, sequences, and possible limitations of this examination technique.
  • Using a 0.3 T unit, the laryngeal and pharyngeal regions was imaged in two horses.
  • The laryngeal cartilages, hyoid apparatus, and upper airway muscle groups with their attachments could be clearly identified.
  • [MeSH-major] Horses / anatomy & histology. Larynx / anatomy & histology. Magnetic Resonance Imaging / veterinary. Pharynx / anatomy & histology

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  • (PMID = 19697604.001).
  • [ISSN] 1058-8183
  • [Journal-full-title] Veterinary radiology & ultrasound : the official journal of the American College of Veterinary Radiology and the International Veterinary Radiology Association
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Vet Radiol Ultrasound
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Contrast Media
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55. Ganly I, Patel SG, Matsuo J, Singh B, Kraus DH, Boyle JO, Wong RJ, Shaha AR, Lee N, Shah JP: Results of surgical salvage after failure of definitive radiation therapy for early-stage squamous cell carcinoma of the glottic larynx. Arch Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg; 2006 Jan;132(1):59-66
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  • [Title] Results of surgical salvage after failure of definitive radiation therapy for early-stage squamous cell carcinoma of the glottic larynx.
  • OBJECTIVE: To report the outcome of surgical salvage performed for early-stage squamous cell carcinoma of the glottic larynx that recurred or progressed after definitive radiotherapy.
  • PATIENTS: Forty-three patients who underwent salvage surgery after definitive radiation therapy for early-stage (T1-T2) glottic cancer were identified from a preexisting database of 662 patients with squamous cell carcinoma of the larynx treated at Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center between the years 1984 and 1998.
  • Details on patient characteristics, tumor characteristics, postoperative complications, and survival outcome were extracted from the database.
  • [MeSH-major] Carcinoma, Squamous Cell / surgery. Glottis. Laryngeal Neoplasms / surgery. Salvage Therapy
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Aged. Disease Progression. Disease-Free Survival. Female. Follow-Up Studies. Humans. Laryngectomy / methods. Male. Middle Aged. Neoplasm Staging. Prognosis. Retrospective Studies. Treatment Failure

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  • (PMID = 16415431.001).
  • [ISSN] 0886-4470
  • [Journal-full-title] Archives of otolaryngology--head & neck surgery
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Arch. Otolaryngol. Head Neck Surg.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Comparative Study; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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56. Pontes P, Yamasaki R, Behlau M: Morphological and functional aspects of the senile larynx. Folia Phoniatr Logop; 2006;58(3):151-8
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  • [Title] Morphological and functional aspects of the senile larynx.
  • OBJECTIVE: To analyze the senile larynx, considering morphological aspects during respiration and functional aspects during phonation, comparing it to the young adult larynx.
  • PATIENTS AND METHODS: A retrospective study was conducted of 100 laryngeal images of adults without vocal complaints, 50 laryngeal images of young adults aged 20-45 years and 50 laryngeal images of elderly individuals aged 65-85 years, of both genders.
  • The morphological aspects analyzed were: laryngeal symmetry, vocal fold bowing, prominence of the vocal process and glottic proportion.
  • The functional aspects analyzed were glottic closure, laryngeal vestibule behavior, phase (timing of closure) and amplitude symmetry of mucosal wave and tremor of laryngeal structures.
  • RESULTS: Significant differences between the young adult larynx and the geriatric larynx were found for the following parameters: vocal fold bowing, prominence of the vocal process, glottic proportion, phase and amplitude symmetry of mucosal wave and tremor of laryngeal structures.
  • CONCLUSION: The data suggests that the geriatric larynx differs from the young adult larynx in many characteristic aspects.
  • [MeSH-major] Aging / physiology. Larynx / physiopathology
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Aged. Aged, 80 and over. Female. Glottis / pathology. Glottis / physiopathology. Humans. Laryngeal Mucosa / pathology. Laryngeal Mucosa / physiopathology. Laryngoscopy. Male. Middle Aged. Phonation / physiology. Pulmonary Ventilation / physiology. Reference Values. Retrospective Studies. Tremor / pathology. Tremor / physiopathology. Video Recording. Vocal Cords / pathology. Vocal Cords / physiopathology. Voice Quality / physiology

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  • (PMID = 16636563.001).
  • [ISSN] 1021-7762
  • [Journal-full-title] Folia phoniatrica et logopaedica : official organ of the International Association of Logopedics and Phoniatrics (IALP)
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Folia Phoniatr Logop
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] Switzerland
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57. Walner DL, Parker NP, Kim OS, Angeles RM, Stich DD: Lobular capillary hemangioma of the neonatal larynx. Arch Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg; 2008 Mar;134(3):272-7
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  • [Title] Lobular capillary hemangioma of the neonatal larynx.
  • OBJECTIVE: To describe a previously unreported condition of the neonatal larynx.
  • DESIGN: Case series of 4 neonates with an uncommon laryngeal lesion.
  • INTERVENTION: The patients were examined using flexible fiberoptic laryngoscopy, and laryngeal lesions were identified and subsequently removed using microlaryngoscopy.
  • Each neonate was found to have an obstructive laryngeal lesion requiring surgical intervention.
  • No child had other congenital abnormalities or a history of obvious laryngeal trauma.
  • Pathologic review of each laryngeal specimen revealed inflammatory lesions with characteristic features of a lobular capillary hemangioma (or a pyogenic granuloma).
  • CONCLUSIONS: The diagnosis of a lobular capillary hemangioma of the larynx should be considered in the differential diagnosis of a newborn with stridor, hoarseness, or respiratory distress.
  • [MeSH-major] Hemangioma / diagnosis. Hemangioma / surgery. Laryngeal Neoplasms / diagnosis. Laryngeal Neoplasms / surgery

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  • (PMID = 18347252.001).
  • [ISSN] 0886-4470
  • [Journal-full-title] Archives of otolaryngology--head & neck surgery
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Arch. Otolaryngol. Head Neck Surg.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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58. Herchenhorn D, Dias FL, Ferreira CG, Araújo CM, Lima RA, Small IA, Kligerman J: Impact of previous tracheotomy as a prognostic factor in patients with locally advanced squamous cell carcinoma of the larynx submitted to concomitant chemotherapy and radiation. ORL J Otorhinolaryngol Relat Spec; 2008;70(6):381-8
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  • [Title] Impact of previous tracheotomy as a prognostic factor in patients with locally advanced squamous cell carcinoma of the larynx submitted to concomitant chemotherapy and radiation.
  • HYPOTHESIS: The combination of chemotherapy and radiotherapy is a standard nonsurgical treatment for locally advanced laryngeal cancer.
  • PATIENTS AND METHODS: Patients with stage III/IV laryngeal carcinoma were prospectively selected.
  • [MeSH-major] Airway Obstruction / surgery. Carcinoma, Squamous Cell / mortality. Carcinoma, Squamous Cell / therapy. Laryngeal Neoplasms / mortality. Laryngeal Neoplasms / therapy. Tracheotomy / methods
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Aged. Analysis of Variance. Chemotherapy, Adjuvant. Combined Modality Therapy. Female. Humans. Immunohistochemistry. Kaplan-Meier Estimate. Male. Middle Aged. Neoplasm Invasiveness / pathology. Neoplasm Staging. Predictive Value of Tests. Probability. Prognosis. Proportional Hazards Models. Prospective Studies. Radiotherapy, Adjuvant. Risk Assessment. Survival Analysis

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  • [Copyright] Copyright 2008 S. Karger AG, Basel.
  • (PMID = 18984974.001).
  • [ISSN] 1423-0275
  • [Journal-full-title] ORL; journal for oto-rhino-laryngology and its related specialties
  • [ISO-abbreviation] ORL J. Otorhinolaryngol. Relat. Spec.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Comparative Study; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Switzerland
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59. Zhang Y, Jiang JJ: Spatiotemporal chaos in excised larynx vibrations. Phys Rev E Stat Nonlin Soft Matter Phys; 2005 Sep;72(3 Pt 2):035201
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  • [Title] Spatiotemporal chaos in excised larynx vibrations.
  • Spatiotemporal chaos in excised larynx vibrations is reported using high-speed digital imaging.

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  • (PMID = 16241503.001).
  • [ISSN] 1539-3755
  • [Journal-full-title] Physical review. E, Statistical, nonlinear, and soft matter physics
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Phys Rev E Stat Nonlin Soft Matter Phys
  • [Language] eng
  • [Grant] United States / NIDCD NIH HHS / DC / 1-R01DC006019; United States / NIDCD NIH HHS / DC / 1-R01DC05522
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.
  • [Publication-country] United States
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60. Li BZ, Lu HF, Zhou XY, Yang WT, Kong YY, Fan YZ, Shi DR: [Frequency of genetic aberrations in mucosa-associated lymphoid tissue lymphoma of different sites]. Zhonghua Bing Li Xue Za Zhi; 2008 Sep;37(9):604-8
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  • The samples consisted of MALT lymphomas from stomach (53 cases, including 44 cases of low-grade MALT lymphoma and 9 cases of MALT lymphoma with diffuse large B-cell lymphoma component), ocular adnexa (50 cases), salivary gland (20 cases), lung (20 cases), intestine (17 cases), skin (17 cases), liver (8 cases), thyroid (5 cases) and other sites (2 cases from tongue, 1 case from pancreas, 1 case from larynx, 1 case from vocal cords and 1 case from kidney).
  • [MeSH-minor] Adaptor Proteins, Signal Transducing / genetics. Animals. B-Lymphocytes / pathology. Genes. Humans. In Situ Hybridization, Fluorescence / methods. Neoplasm Proteins / genetics. Reverse Transcriptase Polymerase Chain Reaction

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  • (PMID = 19094584.001).
  • [ISSN] 0529-5807
  • [Journal-full-title] Zhonghua bing li xue za zhi = Chinese journal of pathology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Zhonghua Bing Li Xue Za Zhi
  • [Language] chi
  • [Publication-type] English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] China
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Adaptor Proteins, Signal Transducing; 0 / Neoplasm Proteins
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61. Kozakiewicz J, Dec M, Gorczyca-Tarnowska J: [The rare case of primary isolated tuberculosis in a 19 year-old patient]. Otolaryngol Pol; 2006;60(4):607-9
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  • The rare case of isolated tuberculosis of the larynx in 19-year old patient was presented in this paper.
  • The primary diagnosis was laryngitis chronica.
  • Further investigations, especially biopsy and histopathological examination revealed the proper diagnosis.
  • [MeSH-major] Antitubercular Agents / therapeutic use. Laryngitis / microbiology. Tuberculosis, Laryngeal / diagnosis. Tuberculosis, Laryngeal / drug therapy
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Biopsy. Diagnosis, Differential. Female. Humans. Mycobacterium tuberculosis / isolation & purification. Rare Diseases. Treatment Outcome

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  • (PMID = 17152818.001).
  • [ISSN] 0030-6657
  • [Journal-full-title] Otolaryngologia polska = The Polish otolaryngology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Otolaryngol Pol
  • [Language] pol
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Poland
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Antitubercular Agents
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62. Krstevska V, Smichkoska S: Hyperfractionation as an altered fractionation regimen in primary radiotherapy for squamous cell carcinoma of the larynx. Prilozi; 2006 Dec;27(2):175-87
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  • [Title] Hyperfractionation as an altered fractionation regimen in primary radiotherapy for squamous cell carcinoma of the larynx.
  • The aim of the study was to investigate the efficacy of hyperfractionation as an altered fractionation treatment schedule in comparison with conventional fractionation in primary definitive radiotherapy for laryngeal squamous cell carcinoma.
  • From March 1999 to December 2000, a group of 28 patients with previously untreated squamous cell carcinoma of the larynx were irradiated with conventional fractionation to total doses of 66 to 70 Gy in 33 to 35 fractions/6.5 to 7 weeks, 2 Gy/fraction/day, 5 days/week.
  • From January 2001 to June 2004, the other 27 patients with the same diagnosis, were treated prospectively with hyperfractionation receiving radiotherapy delivered at 1.2 Gy/fraction, twice daily, 5 days/week to 74.4 to 79.2 Gy/62 to 66 fractions/6.2 to 7 weeks.
  • The absence of statistically significant differences either in loco-regional control or overall survival observed between the two treatment modalities suggested that hyperfractionation regimen was not more efficacious than conventionally fractionated radiotherapy for previously untreated carcinoma of the larynx.

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  • (PMID = 17211301.001).
  • [ISSN] 0351-3254
  • [Journal-full-title] Prilozi
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Prilozi
  • [Language] ENG
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Germany
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63. Ozyurt M, Gungor A, Ergunay K, Cekin E, Erkul E, Haznedaroglu T: Real-time PCR detection of Helicobacter pylori and virulence-associated cagA in nasal polyps and laryngeal disorders. Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg; 2009 Jul;141(1):131-5
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  • [Title] Real-time PCR detection of Helicobacter pylori and virulence-associated cagA in nasal polyps and laryngeal disorders.
  • OBJECTIVE: To identify Helicobacter pylori and major virulence factor, cagA, in patients with laryngeal diseases and nasal polyps.
  • SETTING: The study was performed on fresh tissue samples from patients with 32 nasal polyps, 29 normal nasal mucosa, and 27 laryngeal diseases presenting to the Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery department of a major military hospital in Istanbul, Turkey.
  • RESULTS: H pylori DNA was detected only by real-time PCR in 59.4 percent of nasal polyps, 70.4 percent of nasal mucosa samples, and 58.6 percent of larynx samples. cagA was identified in 78.9, 89.5, and 82.4 percent of positive polyp, nasal mucosa, and larynx samples, respectively.
  • CONCLUSION: H pylori DNA is present in nasal polyp and larynx tissues as well as normal nasal mucosa, as detected by a sensitive real-time PCR assay. cagA-positive strains dominate in all groups.
  • [MeSH-major] Antigens, Bacterial / metabolism. Bacterial Proteins / metabolism. Helicobacter Infections / pathology. Helicobacter pylori / pathogenicity. Laryngeal Diseases / microbiology. Nasal Polyps / microbiology. Reverse Transcriptase Polymerase Chain Reaction

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  • (PMID = 19559972.001).
  • [ISSN] 0194-5998
  • [Journal-full-title] Otolaryngology--head and neck surgery : official journal of American Academy of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Antigens, Bacterial; 0 / Bacterial Proteins; 0 / cagA protein, Helicobacter pylori
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64. Lichtenberger G: Development of a new method and device for adaptation and suture of tissues during transoral surgery: in vitro and cadaver experiments. Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg; 2005 Jul;133(1):62-5
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  • STUDY DESIGN: The following interventions were carried out on cadavers: adaptation and suture of mucous membrane by uvulopalatopharyngoplasty (UPPP); release and anteroposition of the epiglottis and fixation to the vallecula or to the base of the tongue; denudation and closing the lumen of the larynx; release and retroposition and fixation of the epiglottis to the posterior part of the larynx; creation, adaptation, and suturing of mucosal flaps in the posterior part of the larynx; craniolateral mobilization and fixation of the vocal cord; submucous excision of excess tissues; and adaptation and suture of the edges of the mucosa.

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  • (PMID = 16025054.001).
  • [ISSN] 0194-5998
  • [Journal-full-title] Otolaryngology--head and neck surgery : official journal of American Academy of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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65. Angelillo M, Mazzone S, Costa G, Mazzone A, Barillari U: The first case of osteoma in the false vocal fold. Auris Nasus Larynx; 2009 Apr;36(2):235-8
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  • OBJECTIVES: This article reports the first evidence of a larynx osteoma of the false vocal fold.
  • METHODS: Case report and review of previously published cases of larynx osteomas.
  • CONCLUSIONS: Osteomas are benign, slow growing tumors of the craniofacial bone area, very rarely located in the larynx.
  • This case report is the fourth evidence of laryngeal osteoma and, to our knowledge, the first finding of a false vocal fold osteoma.

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  • (PMID = 18644689.001).
  • [ISSN] 1879-1476
  • [Journal-full-title] Auris, nasus, larynx
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Auris Nasus Larynx
  • [Language] ENG
  • [Grant] United States / NHLBI NIH HHS / HL / HL007616-24; United States / NHLBI NIH HHS / HL / T35 HL007616-24
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Netherlands
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ NIHMS98976; NLM/ PMC2716545
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66. Ozgursoy OB, Batikhan H, Beton S, Dursun G: Sudden-onset life-threatening stridor in an adult caused by a laryngeal ductal cyst. Ear Nose Throat J; 2009 Mar;88(3):828-30
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  • [Title] Sudden-onset life-threatening stridor in an adult caused by a laryngeal ductal cyst.
  • Laryngeal cysts are rare in adults; therefore, the majority of previous reports deal primarily with laryngeal cysts in infants and children.
  • Ductal cysts of the larynx arise from the submucous glands when the ducts of these glands are occluded.
  • In this report, we present a rare cause of life-threatening stridor in adults, a large ductal cyst of the larynx that was removed via endoscopic CO(2) laser resection.
  • On the basis of clinical observations during the postoperative period, we conclude that endoscopic CO(2) laser resection is a reliable and safe method for removing cysts of the larynx.
  • [MeSH-major] Dyspnea / etiology. Laryngeal Diseases / radiography. Respiratory Sounds
  • [MeSH-minor] Aged. Cysts / complications. Cysts / radiography. Cysts / surgery. Endoscopy / methods. Hoarseness / diagnosis. Hoarseness / etiology. Humans. Laryngoscopy. Laser Therapy. Male. Tomography, X-Ray Computed. Videotape Recording

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  • (PMID = 19291631.001).
  • [ISSN] 1942-7522
  • [Journal-full-title] Ear, nose, & throat journal
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Ear Nose Throat J
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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67. Zhang HK, Liu HG: [Update on classification of precancerous lesions of larynx]. Zhonghua Bing Li Xue Za Zhi; 2010 Aug;39(8):570-3
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  • [Title] [Update on classification of precancerous lesions of larynx].
  • [MeSH-major] Epithelium / pathology. Laryngeal Neoplasms / classification. Larynx / pathology. Precancerous Conditions / classification

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  • (PMID = 21055044.001).
  • [ISSN] 0529-5807
  • [Journal-full-title] Zhonghua bing li xue za zhi = Chinese journal of pathology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Zhonghua Bing Li Xue Za Zhi
  • [Language] chi
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] China
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68. Lau DP, Huang Z, Lui H, Anderson DW, Berean K, Morrison MD, Shen L, Zeng H: Raman spectroscopy for optical diagnosis in the larynx: preliminary findings. Lasers Surg Med; 2005 Sep;37(3):192-200
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  • [Title] Raman spectroscopy for optical diagnosis in the larynx: preliminary findings.
  • BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Raman spectroscopy (RS) provides information about molecular structure and is a potential tool for non-invasive tissue diagnosis.
  • To determine if Raman spectra could be obtained rapidly from laryngeal tissue in vitro, and compare Raman spectra from normal, benign, and cancerous laryngeal tissue.
  • STUDY DESIGN/MATERIALS AND METHODS: Forty-seven laryngeal specimens were studied using RS with signal acquisition times (SAT) between 1 and 30 second(s).
  • CONCLUSIONS: In the larynx, spectral differences appear to exist between normal tissue, carcinoma, and papilloma.
  • [MeSH-major] Carcinoma, Squamous Cell / diagnosis. Laryngeal Neoplasms / diagnosis. Papilloma / diagnosis. Spectrum Analysis / methods

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  • [Copyright] Copyright 2005 Wiley-Liss, Inc.
  • (PMID = 16127671.001).
  • [ISSN] 0196-8092
  • [Journal-full-title] Lasers in surgery and medicine
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Lasers Surg Med
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Comparative Study; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] United States
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69. Troost EG, Vogel WV, Merkx MA, Slootweg PJ, Marres HA, Peeters WJ, Bussink J, van der Kogel AJ, Oyen WJ, Kaanders JH: 18F-FLT PET does not discriminate between reactive and metastatic lymph nodes in primary head and neck cancer patients. J Nucl Med; 2007 May;48(5):726-35
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  • Repopulation of clonogenic tumor cells is inversely correlated with radiation treatment outcome in head and neck squamous cell carcinomas.
  • The PET tracer 3'-deoxy-3'-(18)F-fluorothymidine ((18)F-FLT) can image tumor cell proliferation before and during radiotherapy, and it may provide biologic tumor information useful in radiotherapy planning.
  • METHODS: Ten patients with newly diagnosed stage II-IV squamous cell carcinoma of the head and neck underwent (18)F-FLT PET before surgical tumor resection with lymph node dissection.
  • RESULTS: Primary tumor sites were oral cavity (n=7), larynx (n=2), and maxillary sinus (n=1).
  • All metastatic lymph nodes showed Ki-67 and iododeoxyuridine staining in tumor cells.
  • [MeSH-major] Dideoxynucleosides. Head and Neck Neoplasms / radionuclide imaging. Head and Neck Neoplasms / secondary. Lymph Nodes / radionuclide imaging. Neoplasm Recurrence, Local / radionuclide imaging. Positron-Emission Tomography / methods. Pseudolymphoma / radionuclide imaging
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Aged. Aged, 80 and over. Diagnosis, Differential. Female. Humans. Lymph Node Excision. Lymphatic Metastasis. Male. Middle Aged. Prognosis. Radiopharmaceuticals. Treatment Outcome

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  • (PMID = 17475960.001).
  • [ISSN] 0161-5505
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of nuclear medicine : official publication, Society of Nuclear Medicine
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Nucl. Med.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Randomized Controlled Trial; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Dideoxynucleosides; 0 / Radiopharmaceuticals; PG53R0DWDQ / alovudine
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70. Li FM, Luo W, He ZC, Zhang L, Sun Y, Qin WJ, Lu LX, Han F, Liu XQ, Liu MZ: [Dosimetric analysis of radiotherapy with middle shielding blocks of different widths at the lower cervical supraclavicular field for stage N2-3 nasopharyngeal carcinoma]. Ai Zheng; 2007 Oct;26(10):1127-32
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  • There was no significant difference in high dose coverage (V95 and V90) of PTV for the primary gross tumor region (PTVnx), PTV for the cervical metastatic nodes (PTVnd), PTV for the high risk region around primary gross tumor (PTVnx60), PTV for the high risk region around metastatic nodes (PTVnd60), and subclinical lesion region above cricoid cartilage (PTV50b) among the 4 plans.
  • There was no difference in the doses for the spinal cord and larynx among the 4 plans.
  • There were no difference in the doses for the spinal cord and larynx among the 4 plans.
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Esophagus / radiation effects. Female. Humans. Lead. Lymph Nodes / radiation effects. Male. Middle Aged. Neck. Neoplasm Staging. Radiotherapy Dosage. Thyroid Gland / radiation effects. Tomography, X-Ray Computed. Trachea / radiation effects

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  • (PMID = 17927886.001).
  • [Journal-full-title] Ai zheng = Aizheng = Chinese journal of cancer
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Ai Zheng
  • [Language] chi
  • [Publication-type] English Abstract; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] China
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 2P299V784P / Lead
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71. Nielsen NR, Rasmussen N: [Laryngeal papillomatosis treated with CO2 laser]. Ugeskr Laeger; 2010 Jan 25;172(4):284-9
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  • [Title] [Laryngeal papillomatosis treated with CO2 laser].
  • CONCLUSION: JORRP patients required surgery twice as often as AORRP patients partly due to the small dimensions of the juvenile larynx.
  • National guidelines in RRP concerning diagnosis, treatment and follow-up are needed.
  • [MeSH-major] Laryngeal Neoplasms / surgery. Lasers, Gas / therapeutic use. Papilloma / surgery
  • [MeSH-minor] Adolescent. Age of Onset. Child. Child, Preschool. Female. Humans. Infant. Male. Neoplasm Recurrence, Local. Retrospective Studies. Treatment Outcome. Young Adult

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  • (PMID = 20105395.001).
  • [ISSN] 1603-6824
  • [Journal-full-title] Ugeskrift for laeger
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Ugeskr. Laeg.
  • [Language] dan
  • [Publication-type] English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Denmark
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72. Dionigi G, Boni L, Rovera F, Rausei S, Castelnuovo P, Dionigi R: Postoperative laryngoscopy in thyroid surgery: proper timing to detect recurrent laryngeal nerve injury. Langenbecks Arch Surg; 2010 Apr;395(4):327-31
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  • [Title] Postoperative laryngoscopy in thyroid surgery: proper timing to detect recurrent laryngeal nerve injury.
  • BACKGROUND: There is currently a lack of consensus to support the proper timing for postoperative laryngoscopy that is reliable to diagnose recurrent laryngeal nerve palsy (RLNP) after thyroid surgery.
  • The purpose of this study was to investigate the impact of different time intervals of fiber-optic nasolaryngoscopy (FNL) on the diagnosis of RLNP.
  • T2 was significantly superior to T3 in terms of diagnosis of RLNP (P < 0.05).
  • Second day post-op inspection of the larynx (T2) is suggested.
  • [MeSH-major] Laryngoscopy. Recurrent Laryngeal Nerve Injuries. Thyroid Diseases / surgery. Thyroidectomy / adverse effects. Trauma, Nervous System / diagnosis. Vocal Cord Paralysis / diagnosis


73. Kourelis K, Sotiropoulou-Bonikou G, Vandoros G, Repanti M, Varakis I, Goumas P: Coordinated upregulation of COX-2 and NF-kappaB is a steady feature of laryngeal carcinogenesis. ORL J Otorhinolaryngol Relat Spec; 2007;69(3):181-9
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Coordinated upregulation of COX-2 and NF-kappaB is a steady feature of laryngeal carcinogenesis.
  • BACKGROUND/AIMS: Laryngeal cancer is the endpoint of a multistage process involving hyperplastic and dysplastic lesions, not adequately defined in their molecular aspect.
  • Our objective was to evaluate the expression of the prostaglandin-synthesizing enzyme cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) and the chief transcription factor nuclear factor-kappaB (NF-kappaB) in laryngeal carcinomas and their precursors, as well as to explore any association between the two molecules.
  • No association was revealed between COX-2 expression and tumor grade. p65 immunoreactivity, both of cytoplasmic and nuclear origin, increased along the carcinogenesis course, manifesting highest expression in invasive cancer (r(s) = 0.419, p < 0.001 and r(s) = 0.241, p < 0.001, respectively).
  • Again, tumor grade had no influence on expression.
  • CONCLUSIONS: This study demonstrates that lesional advance in the larynx towards cancer is marked by ongoing upregulation of COX-2 and NF-kappaB.
  • [MeSH-major] Carcinoma, Squamous Cell / genetics. Carcinoma, Squamous Cell / metabolism. Cyclooxygenase 2 / genetics. Cyclooxygenase 2 / metabolism. Laryngeal Neoplasms / genetics. Laryngeal Neoplasms / metabolism. Membrane Proteins / genetics. Membrane Proteins / metabolism. NF-kappa B p50 Subunit / genetics. NF-kappa B p50 Subunit / metabolism. Precancerous Conditions / genetics. Precancerous Conditions / metabolism. Up-Regulation / genetics

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  • [Copyright] Copyright (c) 2007 S. Karger AG, Basel.
  • (PMID = 17264535.001).
  • [ISSN] 0301-1569
  • [Journal-full-title] ORL; journal for oto-rhino-laryngology and its related specialties
  • [ISO-abbreviation] ORL J. Otorhinolaryngol. Relat. Spec.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Switzerland
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Membrane Proteins; 0 / NF-kappa B p50 Subunit; 0 / NFKB1 protein, human; EC 1.14.99.1 / Cyclooxygenase 2; EC 1.14.99.1 / PTGS2 protein, human
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74. Hasegawa Y, Goto M, Hanai N, Ijichi K, Adachi M, Terada A, Hyodo I, Ogawa T, Furukawa T: Evaluation of optimal drug concentration in histoculture drug response assay in association with clinical efficacy for head and neck cancer. Oral Oncol; 2007 Sep;43(8):749-56
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  • The tested tumor specimens included 7 from oral cavities (14.3%), 12 from oropharynx (24.5%), 10 hypopharynx (20.4%), 3 larynx (6.1%), 5 sinonasal (10.2%), 2 salivary glands (4.1%), and 10 from metastatic lymph nodes (20.4%), respectively.
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Aged. Aged, 80 and over. Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols / therapeutic use. Cisplatin / administration & dosage. Cisplatin / pharmacology. Combined Modality Therapy. Dose-Response Relationship, Drug. Drug Resistance, Neoplasm. Female. Fluorouracil / administration & dosage. Fluorouracil / pharmacology. Humans. Male. Middle Aged. Neoplasm Staging. Retrospective Studies. Treatment Outcome. Tumor Cells, Cultured

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  • (PMID = 17112769.001).
  • [ISSN] 1368-8375
  • [Journal-full-title] Oral oncology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Oral Oncol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Evaluation Studies; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Antineoplastic Agents; Q20Q21Q62J / Cisplatin; U3P01618RT / Fluorouracil
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75. Pontes P, Tiago R: Diagnosis and management of laryngopharyngeal reflux disease. Curr Opin Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg; 2006 Jun;14(3):138-42
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  • [Title] Diagnosis and management of laryngopharyngeal reflux disease.
  • The present paper presents the most recent findings in diagnosis and management of laryngopharyngeal reflux.
  • Other diseases that affect the larynx may also show the same signs and symptoms, such as, for example, vocal abuse, allergy, asthma, sinusitis, and smoking.
  • The 24-hour dual-probe pH monitoring is considered the gold standard for the diagnosis of laryngopharyngeal reflux disease, and is essential in cases of pharyngolaryngeal complaints.
  • [MeSH-major] Gastroesophageal Reflux / diagnosis. Gastroesophageal Reflux / therapy. Hypopharynx

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  • (PMID = 16728889.001).
  • [ISSN] 1531-6998
  • [Journal-full-title] Current opinion in otolaryngology & head and neck surgery
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Curr Opin Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Number-of-references] 44
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76. Franchin G, Vaccher E, Gobitti C, Minatel E, Politi D, Talamini R, Di Gennaro G, Savignano G, Trovò MG, Tirelli U, Barzan L: Neoadjuvant accelerated chemotherapy followed by hyperfractionated radiation therapy in patients with operable, locally advanced head and neck carcinoma. Oral Oncol; 2005 May;41(5):526-33
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  • The accelerated CT-RT regimen achieves a high rate of larynx preservation albeit with considerable toxicity.

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  • (PMID = 15878759.001).
  • [ISSN] 1368-8375
  • [Journal-full-title] Oral oncology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Oral Oncol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Clinical Trial; Clinical Trial, Phase II; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 143011-72-7 / Granulocyte Colony-Stimulating Factor; Q20Q21Q62J / Cisplatin; U3P01618RT / Fluorouracil
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77. Ramalingam W, Chikara D, Rajagopal G, Mehta AR, Sarkar S: Tracheo-esophageal Puncture (TEP) for Voice Rehabilitation in Laryngectomised Patients Blom-singer® Vs Provox® Prosthesis : Our Experience. Med J Armed Forces India; 2007 Jan;63(1):15-8
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  • BACKGROUND: Stage III and IV cancers of larynx and hypopharynx often require total laryngectomy which leaves the patient with severe communication handicap.

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  • (PMID = 27407929.001).
  • [ISSN] 0377-1237
  • [Journal-full-title] Medical journal, Armed Forces India
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Med J Armed Forces India
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] India
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC4921708
  • [Keywords] NOTNLM ; Blom-Singer® prosthesis / Provox® Valve / Tracheo-esophageal puncture (TEP)
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78. Nunes RB, Souza AM, Duprat Ade C, Silva MA, Costa RC, Paulino JG: Vocal tract analysis in patients with vocal fold nodules, clefts and cysts. Braz J Otorhinolaryngol; 2009 Mar-Apr;75(2):188-92
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  • To use nasal and laryngeal fibroscopy to assess the frequency of supraglottic vocal tract adjustments in dysphonic women with nodules, clefts and cysts.
  • METHODS: We assessed 31 dysphonic women, with age ranging between 18 and 45 years, with vocal alteration and a diagnosis of nodules, middle-posterior cleft and cyst, and we carried out a summarized evaluation of the sensory-motor and oral systems and the patients were submitted to video-laryngostroboscopy and nasal and laryngeal fibroscopy.
  • Their vocal tracts were visually analyzed through exams of nasal and laryngeal fibroscopy, by speech and hearing therapists and otorhinolaryngologists, checking the following parameters: supraglottic constriction, larynx vertical mobility, pharyngeal constriction and tongue mobility.
  • These are individual behaviors that generate adjustments and justify the different vocal qualities in patients with the same type of laryngeal alteration.
  • [MeSH-major] Cysts / physiopathology. Dysphonia / physiopathology. Laryngeal Diseases / diagnosis. Vocal Cords / physiopathology

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  • (PMID = 19575103.001).
  • [ISSN] 1808-8694
  • [Journal-full-title] Brazilian journal of otorhinolaryngology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Braz J Otorhinolaryngol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Comparative Study; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Brazil
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79. Muñoz M, Rosso M: The NK-1 receptor antagonist aprepitant as a broad spectrum antitumor drug. Invest New Drugs; 2010 Apr;28(2):187-93
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  • We performed an in vitro study of the growth inhibition capacity of the NK-1 receptor antagonist aprepitant against glioma, neuroblastoma, retinoblastoma and pancreas, larynx, gastric and colon carcinomas cell lines.
  • We have demonstrated: aprepitant at (5-70 microM) concentration elicits growth cell inhibition in a concentration dependent manner in all tumor cell line studied.
  • Maximum inhibition (100%) was observed when the aprepitant was administered at a concentration of > or = 70 microM in all tumor cell lines studied.
  • The specific antitumor action of aprepitant occurs through the NK-1 receptor and tumor cells death was by apoptosis pathway.
  • [MeSH-minor] Apoptosis / drug effects. Cell Line, Tumor. Cell Proliferation / drug effects. Drug Screening Assays, Antitumor. Humans. Inhibitory Concentration 50. Mitogens / pharmacology. Substance P / metabolism

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  • (PMID = 19148578.001).
  • [ISSN] 1573-0646
  • [Journal-full-title] Investigational new drugs
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Invest New Drugs
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Antineoplastic Agents; 0 / Mitogens; 0 / Morpholines; 0 / Neurokinin-1 Receptor Antagonists; 1NF15YR6UY / aprepitant; 33507-63-0 / Substance P
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80. Benomran FA, Hassan AI: Accidental fatal asphyxiation by sand inhalation. J Forensic Leg Med; 2008 Aug;15(6):402-8
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  • X-ray examination showed radio-opacities in pharynx, larynx, trachea, bronchi and esophagus.

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  • (PMID = 18586214.001).
  • [ISSN] 1752-928X
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of forensic and legal medicine
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Forensic Leg Med
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 7631-86-9 / Silicon Dioxide
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81. Hartl DM, Leboulleux S, Klap P, Schlumberger M: Myasthenia gravis mimicking unilateral vocal fold paralysis at presentation. J Laryngol Otol; 2007 Feb;121(2):174-8
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  • OBJECTIVES: To demonstrate the importance of detailed clinical analysis in the differential diagnosis of unilateral vocal fold paralysis, and to provide an update on current knowledge and treatment of myasthenia gravis.
  • Follow-up flexible endoscopy at three months showed laryngeal remobilisation with persistent left vocal fold bowing and vertical asymmetry of the vocal folds on phonation.
  • Laryngeal electromyography (EMG) showed a slight bilateral paradoxical activation of both posterior crico-arytenoid muscles on phonation.
  • CONCLUSIONS: Myasthenia gravis affecting the larynx may mimic unilateral vocal fold paresis or paralysis.
  • A personal or family history of auto-immune disease, fluctuating symptoms, motor deficits in cranial nerve territories, and normal or subnormal laryngeal EMG results should lead the physician to reconsider a diagnosis of idiopathic unilateral vocal fold paralysis and to perform specific testing.
  • [MeSH-major] Myasthenia Gravis / diagnosis. Myasthenia Gravis / drug therapy. Vocal Cord Paralysis / diagnosis. Vocal Cord Paralysis / drug therapy
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Cholinesterase Inhibitors / therapeutic use. Diagnosis, Differential. Electromyography / methods. Female. Humans. Pyridostigmine Bromide / therapeutic use. Treatment Outcome

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  • (PMID = 17112394.001).
  • [ISSN] 1748-5460
  • [Journal-full-title] The Journal of laryngology and otology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Laryngol Otol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Cholinesterase Inhibitors; KVI301NA53 / Pyridostigmine Bromide
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82. Brouha XD, Tromp DM, Koole R, Hordijk GJ, Winnubst JA, de Leeuw JR: Professional delay in head and neck cancer patients: analysis of the diagnostic pathway. Oral Oncol; 2007 Jul;43(6):551-6
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  • Three hundred and six patients with a carcinoma of the larynx, pharynx or oral cavity were included in the study.
  • [MeSH-major] Head and Neck Neoplasms / diagnosis. Neoplasms, Squamous Cell / diagnosis
  • [MeSH-minor] Adolescent. Aged. Aged, 80 and over. Female. Humans. Male. Middle Aged. Neoplasm Staging. Referral and Consultation. Time Factors


83. Kim JG, Sohn SK, Kim DH, Baek JH, Jeon SB, Chae YS, Lee KB, Park JS, Sohn JH, Kim JC, Park IK: Phase II study of concurrent chemoradiotherapy with capecitabine and cisplatin in patients with locally advanced squamous cell carcinoma of the head and neck. Br J Cancer; 2005 Nov 14;93(10):1117-21
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  • The radiotherapy (1.8-2.0 Gy 1 fraction day(-1) to a total dose of 70-70.2 Gy) was delivered to the primary tumour site and neck.
  • The primary tumour sites were as follows: oral cavity (n=6), oropharynx (n=11), hypopharynx (n=8), larynx (n=3), nasopharynx (n=6), and paranasal sinus (n=3).
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Aged. Capecitabine. Disease Progression. Drug Therapy, Combination. Female. Fluorouracil / analogs & derivatives. Humans. Male. Middle Aged. Neoplasm Staging. Survival Rate

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  • (PMID = 16251869.001).
  • [ISSN] 0007-0920
  • [Journal-full-title] British journal of cancer
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Br. J. Cancer
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Clinical Trial, Phase II; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0W860991D6 / Deoxycytidine; 6804DJ8Z9U / Capecitabine; Q20Q21Q62J / Cisplatin; U3P01618RT / Fluorouracil
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC2361495
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84. Hussein MR: Alterations of p53 and Bcl-2 protein expression in the laryngeal intraepithelial neoplasia. Cancer Biol Ther; 2005 Feb;4(2):213-7
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  • [Title] Alterations of p53 and Bcl-2 protein expression in the laryngeal intraepithelial neoplasia.
  • BACKGROUND: The squamous cell carcinoma of the larynx (SCC) is a common head and neck malignancy.
  • I hypothesize that the development of laryngeal intraepithelial neoplasia (LIN) involves alterations of tumor suppressor genes (p53) and protooncogenes (Bcl-2).
  • [MeSH-major] Carcinoma in Situ / metabolism. Carcinoma, Squamous Cell / metabolism. Laryngeal Mucosa / metabolism. Laryngeal Neoplasms / metabolism. Neoplasm Invasiveness / pathology. Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-bcl-2 / metabolism. Tumor Suppressor Protein p53 / metabolism
  • [MeSH-minor] Biomarkers, Tumor. Disease Progression. Humans. Immunoenzyme Techniques. Retrospective Studies

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  • (PMID = 15684608.001).
  • [ISSN] 1538-4047
  • [Journal-full-title] Cancer biology & therapy
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Cancer Biol. Ther.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Comparative Study; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Biomarkers, Tumor; 0 / Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-bcl-2; 0 / Tumor Suppressor Protein p53
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85. Bhurgri Y, Bhurgri A, Usman A, Pervez S, Kayani N, Bashir I, Ahmed R, Hasan SH: Epidemiological review of head and neck cancers in Karachi. Asian Pac J Cancer Prev; 2006 Apr-Jun;7(2):195-200
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  • Head and neck cancers, categories lip, oral cavity, pharynx and larynx are placed amongst the top ten malignancies globally.
  • In males, oral cavity and larynx were the commonly affected sites, followed by pharynx.
  • About 30% of oral cancer cases, 28.6% of the nasopharyngeal, 6.3% of the oropharyngeal, and 2.6% of laryngeal cancers occurred in patients 40 years and younger.
  • The age specific incidence rates (ASIR) for oral cancer in males showed a gradual rise from 10 to 64+ years of age, for pharynx from 20 to 64+ and for larynx at 25+.
  • The ASIR for oral cancer in females showed a gradual rise from 14 to 64+ years of age, for pharynx from 20 to 64+, a decade after the oral cancer rise and cancer larynx showed a rise at 25+, a decade and a half after the oral cancer rise.
  • Recommendations, therefore for NCCP Pakistan, for short term benefits are selected community-based screening for the high risk population, early diagnosis, better treatment, rehabilitation and palliative care.

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  • (PMID = 16839210.001).
  • [ISSN] 1513-7368
  • [Journal-full-title] Asian Pacific journal of cancer prevention : APJCP
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Asian Pac. J. Cancer Prev.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Thailand
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86. Hoogsteen IJ, Pop LA, Marres HA, Merkx MA, van den Hoogen FJ, van der Kogel AJ, Kaanders JH: Oxygen-modifying treatment with ARCON reduces the prognostic significance of hemoglobin in squamous cell carcinoma of the head and neck. Int J Radiat Oncol Biol Phys; 2006 Jan 1;64(1):83-9
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  • Patients with a larynx tumor had significantly higher Hb levels (p < 0.01) than other tumor sites.
  • Primary tumor site was independently prognostic for locoregional control (p = 0.018), and gender was the only prognostic factor for disease-free and overall survival (p < 0.05).
  • High locoregional control rates were obtained for tumors of the larynx (77%) and oropharynx (72%).

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  • (PMID = 16213107.001).
  • [ISSN] 0360-3016
  • [Journal-full-title] International journal of radiation oncology, biology, physics
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Int. J. Radiat. Oncol. Biol. Phys.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Clinical Trial, Phase II; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Hemoglobins; 0 / Radiation-Sensitizing Agents; 142M471B3J / Carbon Dioxide; 25X51I8RD4 / Niacinamide; 8063-77-2 / carbogen; S88TT14065 / Oxygen
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87. Blenke EJ, Clement WA, Andrews JM, Scanlon E, Vernham GA: Squamous cell carcinoma of the larynx in HIV-positive patients: difficulties in diagnosis and management. Dysphagia; 2007 Jan;22(1):68-72
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  • [Title] Squamous cell carcinoma of the larynx in HIV-positive patients: difficulties in diagnosis and management.
  • Patients who are infected with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) are at increased risk of developing laryngeal squamous cell carcinoma.
  • We present two cases that highlight difficulties in the diagnosis and management of these patients as well as post-treatment complications, with particular emphasis on swallowing problems.
  • [MeSH-major] Carcinoma, Squamous Cell / diagnosis. HIV Infections / physiopathology. Laryngeal Neoplasms / diagnosis


88. Schouten LJ, Hogervorst JG, Konings EJ, Goldbohm RA, van den Brandt PA: Dietary acrylamide intake and the risk of head-neck and thyroid cancers: results from the Netherlands Cohort Study. Am J Epidemiol; 2009 Oct 1;170(7):873-84
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  • After 16.3 years of follow-up, there were 101, 83, 180, and 66 cases of oral cavity, oro-hypopharynx, larynx, and thyroid cancer, respectively.
  • Dietary acrylamide intake was not associated with increased risk of oral cavity (hazard ratio (HR) per 10-microg intake/day = 0.90, 95% confidence interval (CI): 0.73, 1.10), oro-hypopharynx (HR = 0.74, 95% CI: 0.53, 1.03), larynx (HR = 1.05, 95% CI: 0.91, 1.21), or thyroid (HR = 1.03, 95% CI: 0.82, 1.27) cancer.

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  • (PMID = 19720866.001).
  • [ISSN] 1476-6256
  • [Journal-full-title] American journal of epidemiology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Am. J. Epidemiol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Acrylamides; 0 / Food Additives
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89. Varghese BT, Sebastian P, Mathew A: Treatment outcome in patients undergoing surgery for carcinoma larynx and hypopharynx: a follow-up study. Acta Otolaryngol; 2009 Dec;129(12):1480-5
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  • [Title] Treatment outcome in patients undergoing surgery for carcinoma larynx and hypopharynx: a follow-up study.
  • CONCLUSIONS: Compared with larynx cancers salvage rates are poorer for hypopharyngeal cancers and the role of primary surgery seems to be significantly higher and more decisive in overall survival (OS).
  • OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the survival and morbidity of patients treated by surgery for carcinoma of the larynx and hypopharynx according to site.
  • There was a statistically significant survival difference between salvage and primary surgical cases among cancers of the larynx and hypopharynx.
  • Thirty patients were voice rehabilitated with an electronic larynx.
  • [MeSH-major] Carcinoma / surgery. Hypopharyngeal Neoplasms / surgery. Laryngeal Neoplasms / surgery. Laryngectomy. Postoperative Complications / epidemiology

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  • (PMID = 19922101.001).
  • [ISSN] 1651-2251
  • [Journal-full-title] Acta oto-laryngologica
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Acta Otolaryngol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] England
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90. Wang KC, Chang JS, Chiang LC, Lin CC: 4-Methoxycinnamaldehyde inhibited human respiratory syncytial virus in a human larynx carcinoma cell line. Phytomedicine; 2009 Sep;16(9):882-6
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  • [Title] 4-Methoxycinnamaldehyde inhibited human respiratory syncytial virus in a human larynx carcinoma cell line.
  • 4-Methoxycinnamaldehyde, an active constituent of Agastache rugosa, was examined for its cytoprotective activity against RSV by XTT method in human larynx carcinoma cell line.
  • [MeSH-minor] Cell Line, Tumor. Humans. Interferons / metabolism. Laryngeal Neoplasms. Virus Attachment / drug effects. Virus Internalization / drug effects

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  • (PMID = 19303275.001).
  • [ISSN] 1618-095X
  • [Journal-full-title] Phytomedicine : international journal of phytotherapy and phytopharmacology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Phytomedicine
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] Germany
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / 4-methoxycinnamaldehyde; 0 / Plant Extracts; 7864XYD3JJ / Acrolein; 9008-11-1 / Interferons
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96. Ridgway JM, Ahuja G, Guo S, Su J, Mahmood U, Chen Z, Wong B: Imaging of the pediatric airway using optical coherence tomography. Laryngoscope; 2007 Dec;117(12):2206-12
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  • A prospective study of normal, benign, and pathologic tissues in the pediatric airway was conducted to assess the utility of OCT technology in characterizing the microanatomy of the pediatric upper aerodigestive tract in vivo.
  • RESULTS: Systematic imaging of the oral cavity, oropharynx, hypopharynx, and larynx was performed in all 15 patients.
  • [MeSH-major] Laryngeal Diseases / pathology. Respiratory Mucosa / pathology. Tomography, Optical Coherence / methods
  • [MeSH-minor] Adolescent. Child. Child, Preschool. Diagnosis, Differential. Humans. Infant. Laryngoscopy. Prospective Studies. Reproducibility of Results. Severity of Illness Index

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  • (PMID = 18322424.001).
  • [ISSN] 0023-852X
  • [Journal-full-title] The Laryngoscope
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Laryngoscope
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Clinical Trial; Comparative Study; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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97. Carroll WR, Locher JL, Canon CL, Bohannon IA, McColloch NL, Magnuson JS: Pretreatment swallowing exercises improve swallow function after chemoradiation. Laryngoscope; 2008 Jan;118(1):39-43
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  • METHODS: Eighteen patients with advanced squamous cell carcinoma of the oropharynx, hypopharynx, and larynx treated at University of Alabama at Birmingham with CRT were included in the study.


98. Hayes TB, Stuart AA, Mendoza M, Collins A, Noriega N, Vonk A, Johnston G, Liu R, Kpodzo D: Characterization of atrazine-induced gonadal malformations in African clawed frogs (Xenopus laevis) and comparisons with effects of an androgen antagonist (cyproterone acetate) and exogenous estrogen (17beta-estradiol): Support for the demasculinization/feminization hypothesis. Environ Health Perspect; 2006 Apr;114 Suppl 1:134-41
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  • It depletes androgens in adult frogs and reduces androgen-dependent growth of the larynx in developing male larvae.

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  • (PMID = 16818259.001).
  • [ISSN] 0091-6765
  • [Journal-full-title] Environmental health perspectives
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Environ. Health Perspect.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Comparative Study; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Androgen Antagonists; 4KM2BN5JHF / Cyproterone Acetate; 4TI98Z838E / Estradiol; QJA9M5H4IM / Atrazine
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC1874169
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99. Oelschlager BK, Quiroga E, Isch JA, Cuenca-Abente F: Gastroesophageal and pharyngeal reflux detection using impedance and 24-hour pH monitoring in asymptomatic subjects: defining the normal environment. J Gastrointest Surg; 2006 Jan;10(1):54-62
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • Airway symptoms are often caused by aspiration of refluxed materials into the larynx.
  • [MeSH-major] Esophageal pH Monitoring. Esophagus / physiology. Gastroesophageal Reflux / diagnosis. Pharyngeal Diseases / diagnosis. Pharynx / physiology
  • [MeSH-minor] Acids. Electric Impedance. Esophageal Sphincter, Lower / physiology. Female. Gases. Humans. Male. Manometry. Pneumonia, Aspiration / diagnosis. Solutions

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  • (PMID = 16368491.001).
  • [ISSN] 1091-255X
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of gastrointestinal surgery : official journal of the Society for Surgery of the Alimentary Tract
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Gastrointest. Surg.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Acids; 0 / Gases; 0 / Solutions
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100. Ibekwe TS, Nwaorgu OG, Onakoya PA, Ibekwe PU: Spectrum of otorhinolaryngology emergencies in the elderly in Ibadan, Nigeria. Niger J Med; 2005 Oct-Dec;14(4):411-4
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  • The pharyngolaryngeal emergencies with upper airway obstruction constituted 55 per cent of the cases, a majority being a result of malignant lesions of the larynx and pharynx.
  • [MeSH-minor] Aged. Aged, 80 and over. Emergencies. Female. Humans. Laryngeal Neoplasms / epidemiology. Larynx / injuries. Male. Nigeria / epidemiology. Retrospective Studies

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  • (PMID = 16353703.001).
  • [ISSN] 1115-2613
  • [Journal-full-title] Nigerian journal of medicine : journal of the National Association of Resident Doctors of Nigeria
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Niger J Med
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Nigeria
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