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1. Sulzyc-Bielicka V, Kuźna-Grygiel W, Kołodziejczyk L, Bielicki D, Kładny J, Stepień-Korzonek M, Telatyńska-Smieszek B: Cryptosporidiosis in patients with colorectal cancer. J Parasitol; 2007 Jun;93(3):722-4
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  • Coproantigens of this parasite were detected primarily in the patients with tumors located on the left side (in the sigmoid and descending colon).


2. Sinha CK, Butler C, Haddad M: Left Antegrade Continent Enema (LACE): review of the literature. Eur J Pediatr Surg; 2008 Aug;18(4):215-8
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  • The various operative procedures used included retubularisation of the sigmoid colon (31 %), retubularisation of the splenic flexure (28 %), left Monti from the descending colon (15 %), and retubularisation of the ileum (3 %).

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  • (PMID = 18704885.001).
  • [ISSN] 0939-7248
  • [Journal-full-title] European journal of pediatric surgery : official journal of Austrian Association of Pediatric Surgery ... [et al] = Zeitschrift für Kinderchirurgie
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Eur J Pediatr Surg
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] Germany
  • [Number-of-references] 25
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3. Zamir N, Ahmed S, Akhtar J: Mucinous adenocarcinoma of colon. APSP J Case Rep; 2010 Jul;1(2):20
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  • [Title] Mucinous adenocarcinoma of colon.
  • Bleeding per rectum is a common complaint in pediatric age group and mostly relates to benign conditions.
  • We report two cases of mucinous adenocarcinoma of colon, one in a 9 years old male and other in a female of 12 years.
  • He had mucinous adenocarcinoma (T3N0MX) of rectosigmoid region and underwent local complete resection of the tumor with colostomy.
  • He is tumor free at two years follow up.
  • The girl presented with signs of intestinal obstruction and at colonoscopy a stricture found in descending colon.
  • The tumor was resected and biopsy reported as poorly differentiated mucinous adenocarcinoma with positive mesenteric nodes positive for tumor (T3N2MX).

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  • (PMID = 22953263.001).
  • [ISSN] 2218-8185
  • [Journal-full-title] APSP journal of case reports
  • [ISO-abbreviation] APSP J Case Rep
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Pakistan
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC3417995
  • [Keywords] NOTNLM ; Bleeding per rectum / Child / Mucinous adenocarcinoma / Colorectum
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4. Kim BC, Cheon JH, Lee SK, Kim TI, Kim H, Kim WH: Needle knife-assisted endoscopic polypectomy for a large inflammatory fibroid colon polyp by making its stalk into an omega shape using an endoloop. Yonsei Med J; 2008 Aug 30;49(4):680-6
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  • [Title] Needle knife-assisted endoscopic polypectomy for a large inflammatory fibroid colon polyp by making its stalk into an omega shape using an endoloop.
  • Colonic inflammatory fibroid polyp (IFP) is an uncommon benign polypoid lesion, which is composed of fibroblasts, numerous small vessels and edematous connective tissue with marked eosinophilic inflammatory cell infiltration.
  • This condition is frequently detected in the stomach and small intestine, but uncommon in the colon.
  • Although IFP is a benign lesion, surgical resections are performed in most colonic cases because the polyps are usually too large to resect endoscopically.
  • Here, we present a case of IFP in the descending colon successful endoscopically resected using a novel technique of trapping its stalk with an endoloop, forming the stalk into an omega shape, and then dissecting the stalk with a needle knife.

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  • (PMID = 18729316.001).
  • [ISSN] 0513-5796
  • [Journal-full-title] Yonsei medical journal
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Yonsei Med. J.
  • [Language] eng
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5. Mulchandani MH, Chattopadhyay D, Obafunwa JO, Joypaul VB: Gastrointestinal autonomic nerve tumours--report of a case and review of literature. World J Surg Oncol; 2005 Jul 19;3:46
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  • CASE PRESENTATION: We report a unique case of rectal schwannoma with associated synchronous adenocarcinoma of the splenic flexure and adenoma of the descending colon.

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  • (PMID = 16026628.001).
  • [ISSN] 1477-7819
  • [Journal-full-title] World journal of surgical oncology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] World J Surg Oncol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC1182401
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6. Hubscher CH, Reed WR, Kaddumi EG, Armstrong JE, Johnson RD: Select spinal lesions reveal multiple ascending pathways in the rat conveying input from the male genitalia. J Physiol; 2010 Apr 1;588(Pt 7):1073-83
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  • Electrophysiological data for 448 single unit recordings obtained from 32 urethane-anaesthetized rats, when analysed in groups based upon histological lesion reconstructions, revealed (1) ascending bilateral projections in the dorsal, dorsolateral and ventrolateral white matter of the spinal cord conveying information from the male external genitalia to MRF, and (2) ascending bilateral projections in the ventrolateral white matter conveying information from the pelvic visceral organs (bladder, descending colon, urethra) to MRF.

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  • (PMID = 20142271.001).
  • [ISSN] 1469-7793
  • [Journal-full-title] The Journal of physiology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Physiol. (Lond.)
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC2852996
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7. Ghidirim G, Mişin I, Ignatenco S, Sor E: [Mesenteric cyst in the descending colon: a case report]. Chirurgia (Bucur); 2010 Nov-Dec;105(6):855-8
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  • [Title] [Mesenteric cyst in the descending colon: a case report].
  • We report a case of 36-year-old woman with mesenteric cyst in the descending colon.
  • We found a cystic mass at the mesentery of the descending colon that was removed in toto.
  • [MeSH-major] Colon, Descending / radiography. Mesenteric Cyst / diagnosis
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Diagnosis, Differential. Humans. Male. Peritoneal Neoplasms / diagnosis. Treatment Outcome

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  • (PMID = 21355184.001).
  • [ISSN] 1221-9118
  • [Journal-full-title] Chirurgia (Bucharest, Romania : 1990)
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Chirurgia (Bucur)
  • [Language] rum
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Romania
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8. Takada J, Katsuki Y, Hamada H, Tsuji Y: [Radiofrequency ablation (RFA) in colorectal cancer with hepatic metastases]. Gan To Kagaku Ryoho; 2005 Oct;32(11):1673-5
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  • Case 1 involved a patient with sigmoid colon cancer ss, n1 (+) with severe hepatic dysfunction and synchronous hepatic metastases (S5, S6, S8) in which RFA was performed.
  • In case 3, 4 years and 8 months after cancer of the descending colon ss, n1 (+), RFA was performed on asynchronous hepatic metastases (S5, S7, S8).
  • [MeSH-minor] Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols / therapeutic use. Camptothecin / analogs & derivatives. Camptothecin / therapeutic use. Catheter Ablation. Combined Modality Therapy. Fluorouracil / therapeutic use. Humans. Infusions, Intra-Arterial. Leucovorin / therapeutic use. Male. Middle Aged. Neoplasm Recurrence, Local. Tomography, X-Ray Computed

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  • (PMID = 16315905.001).
  • [ISSN] 0385-0684
  • [Journal-full-title] Gan to kagaku ryoho. Cancer & chemotherapy
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Gan To Kagaku Ryoho
  • [Language] jpn
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Japan
  • [Chemical-registry-number] Q573I9DVLP / Leucovorin; U3P01618RT / Fluorouracil; XT3Z54Z28A / Camptothecin; IFL protocol
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9. Yang B, Jiang SX, Fan ZL: [Pneumoscrotum induced by spontaneous colon perforation: a case report and review of the literature]. Zhonghua Nan Ke Xue; 2007 Aug;13(8):744-5
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] [Pneumoscrotum induced by spontaneous colon perforation: a case report and review of the literature].
  • One case of pneumoscrotum associated with spontaneous colon perforation was reported.
  • Surgical investigation discovered a retroperitoneal perforation in the descending colon connected with a huge retroperitoneal vomica and scrotal sac.
  • Spontaneous colon perforation induced pneumoscrotum is rare clinically.
  • It may present as colon perforation, which calls for special attention.

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  • (PMID = 17918718.001).
  • [ISSN] 1009-3591
  • [Journal-full-title] Zhonghua nan ke xue = National journal of andrology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Zhonghua Nan Ke Xue
  • [Language] chi
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; English Abstract; Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] China
  • [Number-of-references] 5
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10. Rao S, Sivina M, Willis I, Sher T, Habibnejad S: Massive lower gastrointestinal tract bleeding due to splenic artery aneurysm: a case report. Ann Vasc Surg; 2007 May;21(3):388-91
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • Aneurysmal rupture into the colon is a potentially fatal but extremely uncommon complication.
  • We report a case of splenic artery aneurysm communicating with the descending colon, presenting as massive lower gastrointestinal tract bleeding.


11. Chang YT, Lee JY, Liao YM, Chiou SS: Laparoscopic resection of a giant retroperitoneal T-shaped duplication of descending colon. J Pediatr Surg; 2008 Feb;43(2):401-4
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Laparoscopic resection of a giant retroperitoneal T-shaped duplication of descending colon.
  • The authors encountered an uncommon case of a retroperitoneal T-shaped duplication that presented with a communication with the descending colon, descending downward along the descending colon posterolaterally, passing through the sigmoid mesocolon and across the midline at the level of L5 to S1 vertebrae, ascending behind the ascending mesocolon, and terminating beneath the third portion of the duodenum.
  • On reviewing the literature, T-shaped duplication has occurred in only 4 cases; and all arose from the colon and were not associated with other anomalies.
  • [MeSH-major] Colon, Descending / abnormalities. Congenital Abnormalities / surgery. Laparoscopy / methods
  • [MeSH-minor] Abdominal Pain / diagnosis. Abdominal Pain / etiology. Anastomosis, Surgical / methods. Child. Colectomy / methods. Female. Follow-Up Studies. Humans. Retroperitoneal Space. Risk Assessment. Tomography, X-Ray Computed. Treatment Outcome

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  • (PMID = 18280300.001).
  • [ISSN] 1531-5037
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of pediatric surgery
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Pediatr. Surg.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Number-of-references] 12
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12. Kessler H, Hohenberger W: Laparoscopic resection rectopexy for rectal prolapse. Dis Colon Rectum; 2005 Sep;48(9):1800-1
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  • The sigmoid colon is mobilized medially and may be mobilized laterally up to the descending colon, depending on the extent of resection.
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Anastomosis, Surgical. Colon, Sigmoid / surgery. Humans. Male. Posture. Suture Techniques

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  • (PMID = 15986262.001).
  • [ISSN] 0012-3706
  • [Journal-full-title] Diseases of the colon and rectum
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Dis. Colon Rectum
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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13. Han KS, Choi GS, Park JS, Kim HJ, Park SY, Jun SH: Short-term Outcomes of a Laparoscopic Left Hemicolectomy for Descending Colon Cancer: Retrospective Comparison with an Open Left Hemicolectomy. J Korean Soc Coloproctol; 2010 Oct;26(5):347-53
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  • [Title] Short-term Outcomes of a Laparoscopic Left Hemicolectomy for Descending Colon Cancer: Retrospective Comparison with an Open Left Hemicolectomy.
  • PURPOSE: Many randomized clinical trials have been performed to treat a colorectal neoplasm with the exclusion of descending colon cancer.
  • The aim of the present study was to investigate the difference in surgical outcomes between a laparoscopic left hemicolectomy and a conventional open left hemicolectomy for descending colon cancer.
  • METHODS: A retrospective study of ninety patients with descending colon cancer, who underwent a laparoscopic (LAP) or open left hemicolectomy (OS) between May 1998 and December 2009 at Kyungpook National University Hospital, was performed.
  • Clinicopathological and surgical outcomes were compared between the LAP and the OS for descending colon cancer.
  • RESULTS: The baseline characteristics, including age, gender, body mass index, history of prior abdominal surgical history and tumor location, were similar between the two groups.
  • CONCLUSION: A laparoscopic left hemicolectomy is a technically safe and feasible procedure for treating descending colon cancer.
  • Prospective multi-center trials are necessary to establish the LAP as the standard treatment for descending colon cancer.

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  • (PMID = 21152138.001).
  • [ISSN] 2093-7830
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of the Korean Society of Coloproctology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Korean Soc Coloproctol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Korea (South)
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC2998025
  • [Keywords] NOTNLM ; Descending colon cancer / Laparoscopy / Left hemicolectomy / Surgical outcomes
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14. Chalise PR, Sharma UK, Gyawali PR, Shrestha GK, Joshi BR, Ghimire RK: Renocolic fistula following percutaneous nephrostomy: a case report. Nepal Med Coll J; 2009 Jun;11(2):143-4
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  • Follow up antegrade pyelography diagnosed hydronephrotic left kidney with stone in renal pelvis with fistula communicating to descending colon.
  • Contrast enhanced computer tomography revealed left non excreting kidney with retrorenal colon and percutaneous nephrostomy tube passing through the descending colon.
  • The final diagnosis of post percutaneous nephrostomy renocolic fistula with non excreting left kidney was made and treated with ligation of fistulous tract and nephrectomy.

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  • (PMID = 19968160.001).
  • [Journal-full-title] Nepal Medical College journal : NMCJ
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Nepal Med Coll J
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Nepal
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Contrast Media
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15. Wray CM, Ziogas A, Hinojosa MW, Le H, Stamos MJ, Zell JA: Tumor subsite location within the colon is prognostic for survival after colon cancer diagnosis. Dis Colon Rectum; 2009 Aug;52(8):1359-66
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  • [Title] Tumor subsite location within the colon is prognostic for survival after colon cancer diagnosis.
  • PURPOSE: Proximal colon cancers are more likely to present with advanced stage than distal cancers; however, previous reports conflict regarding the independent prognostic significance of tumor location on survival.
  • We examined survival by colon cancer subsite location by use of data from the California Cancer Registry.
  • METHODS: An analysis of colon cancer cases from 1994 to 2004 was conducted, with follow-up through 2006.
  • Colon subsite location was defined as proximal colon (cecum, ascending colon, hepatic flexure), transverse colon, descending colon (splenic flexure, descending colon), and sigmoid colon.
  • RESULTS: A total of 82,926 colon cancer cases were identified, including 40,078 proximal (48%), 8,023 transverse (10%), 8,657 descending (10%), and 26,168 sigmoid cancers (32%).
  • A larger proportion of sigmoid cancers (30.5%) presented as Stage I compared with proximal (18.5%), transverse (16.8%), or descending colon cancers (20.1%).
  • Proximal cancers had the greater proportion with high tumor grade (27%), and had a greater mean number of lymph nodes examined.
  • There were no differences in treatment rendered when each colon subsite was stratified by stage.
  • CONCLUSIONS: In this analysis, sigmoid colon cancers were observed to have earlier stage, lower tumor grade, and independently decreased colorectal cancer-specific mortality compared with proximal tumors.
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Aged. Aged, 80 and over. California / epidemiology. Female. Follow-Up Studies. Humans. Male. Middle Aged. Neoplasm Staging. Prognosis. Retrospective Studies. Risk Factors. SEER Program. Survival Rate / trends. Young Adult

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  • (PMID = 19617745.001).
  • [ISSN] 1530-0358
  • [Journal-full-title] Diseases of the colon and rectum
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Dis. Colon Rectum
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Comparative Study; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] United States
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16. Peng HY, Chen GD, Tung KC, Lai CY, Hsien MC, Chiu CH, Lu HT, Liao JM, Lee SD, Lin TB: Colon mustard oil instillation induced cross-organ reflex sensitization on the pelvic-urethra reflex activity in rats. Pain; 2009 Mar;142(1-2):75-88
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  • [Title] Colon mustard oil instillation induced cross-organ reflex sensitization on the pelvic-urethra reflex activity in rats.
  • We investigated the participation of cyclin-dependent kinase-5 (Cdk5)-mediated N-methyl-D-aspartate receptor (NMDAR) NR2B subunit phosphorylation in cross-organ reflex sensitization caused by colon irritation.
  • The external urethral sphincter electromyogram (EUSE) reflex activity evoked by the pelvic afferent nerve test stimulation (TS, 1 stimulation/30s) and protein expression in the spinal cord and dorsal root ganglion tissue (T13-L2 and L6-S2 ipsilateral to the stimulation) in response to colon mustard oil (MO) instillation were tested in anesthetized rats.
  • When compared with a baseline reflex activity with a single action potential evoked by the TS before the administration of test agents, MO instillation into the descending colon sensitized the evoked activity characterized by elongated firing in the reflex activity in association with increased protein levels of Cdk5, PSD95, and phosphorylated NR2B (pNR2B) but not of total NR2B (tNR2B) in the spinal cord tissue.
  • All these results suggested that Cdk-dependent NMDAR NR2B subunit phosphorylation mediates the development of cross-organ pelvic-urethra reflex sensitization caused by acute colon irritation which could possibly underlie the high concurrence of pelvic pain syndrome with irritable bowel syndrome.
  • [MeSH-major] Colon / drug effects. Mustard Plant / adverse effects. Pelvis / innervation. Plant Oils / adverse effects. Urethra / innervation

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  • (PMID = 19167822.001).
  • [ISSN] 1872-6623
  • [Journal-full-title] Pain
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Pain
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] Netherlands
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Excitatory Amino Acid Agents; 0 / NR2B NMDA receptor; 0 / PD 174494; 0 / Piperidines; 0 / Plant Oils; 0 / Protein Kinase Inhibitors; 0 / Purines; 0 / RNA, Small Interfering; 0 / Receptors, N-Methyl-D-Aspartate; 0 / TRPV Cation Channels; 0 / Trpv1 protein, rat; 0 / roscovitine; 3KX376GY7L / Glutamic Acid; 8007-40-7 / mustard oil; EC 2.7.11.22 / Cyclin-Dependent Kinase 5
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17. Op de Beeck B, Peters K, Spinhoven MJ, Snoeckx A, Salgado R, Parizel PM: Asymptomatic pneumatosis intestinalis in AIDS. JBR-BTR; 2009 Sep-Oct;92(5):253-5
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  • Pneumatosis intestinalis is a late-stage phenomenon in patients with AIDS that characteristically involves the cecum, ascending and transverse colon or the rectum with sparing of the descending colon and the sigmoid.
  • [MeSH-minor] Aged. Antifungal Agents / administration & dosage. Aspergillus fumigatus / isolation & purification. Diagnosis, Differential. Fatigue / etiology. Humans. Intestine, Large / radiography. Lung / radiography. Male. Muscle Weakness / etiology. Pulmonary Aspergillosis / complications. Pulmonary Aspergillosis / drug therapy. Pulmonary Aspergillosis / radiography. Remission, Spontaneous. Tomography, X-Ray Computed. Weight Loss

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  • (PMID = 19999330.001).
  • [ISSN] 0302-7430
  • [Journal-full-title] JBR-BTR : organe de la Société royale belge de radiologie (SRBR) = orgaan van de Koninklijke Belgische Vereniging voor Radiologie (KBVR)
  • [ISO-abbreviation] JBR-BTR
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Belgium
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Antifungal Agents
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18. Sakata Y, Ogata S, Kajiwara T: [Questions and answers: a flat, raised lesion of the descending colon]. Nihon Shokakibyo Gakkai Zasshi; 2008 Jul;105(7):1094, 1096-7
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  • [Title] [Questions and answers: a flat, raised lesion of the descending colon].

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  • (PMID = 18761430.001).
  • [ISSN] 0446-6586
  • [Journal-full-title] Nihon Shokakibyo Gakkai zasshi = The Japanese journal of gastro-enterology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Nihon Shokakibyo Gakkai Zasshi
  • [Language] jpn
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Japan
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19. Inglis GD, Kalischuk LD, Busz HW, Kastelic JP: Colonization of cattle intestines by Campylobacter jejuni and Campylobacter lanienae. Appl Environ Microbiol; 2005 Sep;71(9):5145-53
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  • Considerable quantities of C. jejuni DNA also were observed in the digesta obtained from the cecum and ascending colon, but minimal DNA was associated with tissues of these regions.
  • In contrast, steer B contained substantial quantities of C. lanienae DNA, and DNA of this bacterium was limited to the large intestine (i.e., the cecum, proximal ascending colon, descending colon, and rectum); the majority of tissue-associated C. lanienae DNA was present in the cecum, descending colon, and rectum.
  • Therefore, C. jejuni colonized the proximal small intestine of asymptomatic beef cattle, whereas C. lanienae primarily resided in the cecum, descending colon, and rectum.

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  • (PMID = 16151098.001).
  • [ISSN] 0099-2240
  • [Journal-full-title] Applied and environmental microbiology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Appl. Environ. Microbiol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / DNA, Bacterial
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC1214653
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20. Ichise Y, Horiuchi A, Nakayama Y, Tanaka N: Techniques and Outcomes of Endoscopic Decompression Using Transanal Drainage Tube Placement for Acute Left-sided Colorectal Obstruction. Gastroenterology Res; 2010 Oct;3(5):201-206
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  • Urgent colonoscopy was performed within 12 hours of entry for diagnosis and treatment (mean time, 6.5 hours).
  • The site of obstruction was sigmoid colon in 37 (54%), rectum in 20 (29%), and descending colon in 12 (17%).

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  • (PMID = 27956997.001).
  • [ISSN] 1918-2805
  • [Journal-full-title] Gastroenterology research
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Gastroenterology Res
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Canada
  • [Keywords] NOTNLM ; Colonoscopy / Colorectal obstruction / Transanal drainage tube
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21. Altuner Y, Ayhanci A, Civi K, Ozden H, Ustuner D, Ustuner MC, Kurt H: Protective effects of N(G)-nitro-L-arginine methyl ester and metallothioneins on excess nitric oxide toxicity in trinitrobenzene sulfonic acid-induced rat colitis. Anal Quant Cytol Histol; 2010 Jun;32(3):166-73
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  • After the administration of TNBS, dissections of the rats in the L-NAME, MT1 and MT2 groups were performed at 3-day periods under ether anesthesia, and whole blood, bone marrow and colon were obtained.
  • Histologic findings were macroscopic score, ulcer, loss of mucous cells, crypt abscess, inflammatory cyst, mucosa atrophy, edema, vascular dilatation and induced nitric oxide synthetase, which increased in the descending colon in the colitis rats, while it was decreased rats given L-NAME, MT1 and MT2 administration.

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  • (PMID = 20701071.001).
  • [ISSN] 0884-6812
  • [Journal-full-title] Analytical and quantitative cytology and histology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Anal. Quant. Cytol. Histol.
  • [Language] ENG
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Enzyme Inhibitors; 31C4KY9ESH / Nitric Oxide; 8T3HQG2ZC4 / Trinitrobenzenesulfonic Acid; 9038-94-2 / Metallothionein; V55S2QJN2X / NG-Nitroarginine Methyl Ester
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22. Goes AC, Rodrigues LV, de Menezes DB, Grangeiro Mdo P, Cavalcante AR: [Histologic analysis of colonic anastomotic healing, in rats, under the action of 10% Aroeira-do-sertão (Myracrodruon urundeuva fr. all.) enema]. Acta Cir Bras; 2005 Mar-Apr;20(2):144-51
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  • [Transliterated title] Análise histológica da cicatrização da anastomose colônica, em ratos, sob ação de enema de Aroeira-do-sertão (Myracrodruon urundeuva fr. all.) a 10%.
  • All animals were subjected to a complete transverse section of the descending colon, followed by colonic anastomosis.

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  • (PMID = 15884715.001).
  • [ISSN] 0102-8650
  • [Journal-full-title] Acta cirurgica brasileira
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Acta Cir Bras
  • [Language] POR
  • [Publication-type] English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Brazil
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Plant Extracts
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23. Anai H, Nagata T, Sato T, Minoshima K, Horie M, Yoshiya K, Uchida H, Kichikawa K: [Radiofrequency ablation for recurred renal cell carcinoma in the solitary kidney due to von Hippel-Lindau disease--indication and tip on how to prevent the thermal injury of the adjacent organs]. Gan To Kagaku Ryoho; 2010 Nov;37(12):2303-5
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  • We performed radiofrequency ablation (RFA) under CT guidance for the treatment of that recurred tumor.
  • As the tumors were adjacent to the descending colon, we injected the carbon dioxide gas (a dissection technique) during a radiofrequency ablation (RFA) procedure to displace the descending colon from the tumors.
  • [MeSH-minor] Carbon Dioxide / administration & dosage. Female. Humans. Middle Aged. Neoplasm Recurrence, Local. Nephrectomy


24. Eriguchi Y, Tsunada S, Amemori S, Watanabe K, Fujise T, Kikkawa A, Ootani H, Ootani A, Sakata H, Iwakiri R, Mizuguchi M, Fujimoto K: [A case of relapsed ischemic colitis with colon cast-like stripped mucosa]. Nihon Shokakibyo Gakkai Zasshi; 2006 Oct;103(10):1152-6
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  • [Title] [A case of relapsed ischemic colitis with colon cast-like stripped mucosa].
  • Colonoscopic examination performed on the 2nd day revealed colon cast-like stripped colonic mucosa in the lower portion of the descending colon.
  • Most reports of colon cast indicated that colon cast was caused by abdominal aneurysm, operation, or external wound.
  • Arteriosclerosis and chronic constipation might be the important risk factors of ischemic colitis with colon cast and relapsing of ischemic colitis.

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  • (PMID = 17023758.001).
  • [ISSN] 0446-6586
  • [Journal-full-title] Nihon Shokakibyo Gakkai zasshi = The Japanese journal of gastro-enterology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Nihon Shokakibyo Gakkai Zasshi
  • [Language] jpn
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; English Abstract; Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] Japan
  • [Number-of-references] 17
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25. Wang JP, Hou XH, Ma RJ: [The clinical features and colonic epithelium AQP8 expression in diarrhea-irritable bowel syndrome]. Zhonghua Nei Ke Za Zhi; 2006 Dec;45(12):1000-3
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  • OBJECTIVE: To test the expression of AQP8 in ascending and descending colon mucosa of diarrhea-irritable bowel syndrome (D-IBS) patients and to study the relationship between IBS and AQP8 as well as the pathological mechanism for D-IBS.
  • METHODS: The proximal ascending colon and the distal descending colon of 26 D-IBS sufferers were resected.
  • Correlation analysis of the level of AQP8 mRNA expression in the ascending colon and descending colon was made, and relationship between the expression of AQP8 and the incidence and clinical features of D-IBS explored.
  • RESULTS: AQP8 expression was present in specimens of the ascending colon and descending colon of both healthy persons and D-IBS sufferers.
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Aged. Colon, Ascending. Colon, Descending. Female. Humans. Male. Middle Aged. RNA, Messenger / genetics

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  • (PMID = 17326999.001).
  • [ISSN] 0578-1426
  • [Journal-full-title] Zhonghua nei ke za zhi
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Zhonghua Nei Ke Za Zhi
  • [Language] chi
  • [Publication-type] Controlled Clinical Trial; English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] China
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Aquaglyceroporins; 0 / RNA, Messenger
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26. Shimoyama T, Tamura Y, Sakamoto T, Inoue K: Immune-mediated myositis in Crohn's disease. Muscle Nerve; 2009 Jan;39(1):101-5
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  • Due to uncontrolled bowel inflammation, several fistulae were found in the descending colon, and partial colectomy was performed.
  • An examination of the resected colon exhibited inflammation of the bowel structure surrounded mainly by CD68-positive macrophages.
  • The histopathological findings of the descending colon were analogous to those of the muscle.
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Anti-Inflammatory Agents, Non-Steroidal / administration & dosage. Antigens, CD / immunology. Antigens, Differentiation, Myelomonocytic / immunology. Biopsy. CD4-Positive T-Lymphocytes / cytology. CD4-Positive T-Lymphocytes / immunology. Colectomy. Colon / immunology. Colon / pathology. Colon / physiopathology. Creatine Kinase / analysis. Creatine Kinase / blood. Electromyography. Female. Humans. Lymphocyte Activation / immunology. Macrophages / cytology. Macrophages / immunology. Magnetic Resonance Imaging. Mesalamine / administration & dosage. Muscle Weakness / immunology. Muscle Weakness / pathology. Muscle Weakness / physiopathology. Neck Muscles / immunology. Neck Muscles / pathology. Neck Muscles / physiopathology. Treatment Outcome

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  • [Copyright] (c) 2008 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
  • (PMID = 19086077.001).
  • [ISSN] 0148-639X
  • [Journal-full-title] Muscle & nerve
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Muscle Nerve
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Anti-Inflammatory Agents, Non-Steroidal; 0 / Antigens, CD; 0 / Antigens, Differentiation, Myelomonocytic; 0 / CD68 antigen, human; 4Q81I59GXC / Mesalamine; EC 2.7.3.2 / Creatine Kinase
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27. Patel BB, Li XM, Dixon MP, Blagoi EL, Seeholzer SH, Chen Y, Miller CG, He YA, Tetruashvily M, Chaudhry AH, Ke E, Xie J, Cooper H, Bellacosa A, Clapper ML, Boman BM, Zhang T, Litwin S, Ross EA, Conrad P, Crowell JA, Kopelovich L, Knudson A, Yeung AT: Searchable high-resolution 2D gel proteome of the human colon crypt. J Proteome Res; 2007 Jun;6(6):2232-8
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Searchable high-resolution 2D gel proteome of the human colon crypt.
  • We seek alterations in protein patterns at the earliest possible step on the path to cancer, namely, in cells of the target tissue from normal persons versus the corresponding normally appearing cells from persons who are heterozygous for mutation in a tumor suppressor gene that predisposes strongly to carcinoma in that tissue.
  • To begin a systematic comparison of the proteomes of cells from normal and from neoplastic colons, we have undertaken the isolation of human colon crypts that are derived from the normal-appearing mucosa of left (descending) colon of patients with sporadic colorectal cancer.
  • These interactive, searchable, hyperlink-enabled proteome maps and gene ontology analyses will facilitate future studies to discover the earliest markers and intervention targets during progression to colon cancer.
  • [MeSH-major] Colon / chemistry. Colorectal Neoplasms / chemistry. Electrophoresis, Gel, Two-Dimensional. Proteins / analysis. Proteome / analysis. Proteomics / methods

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  • (PMID = 17444668.001).
  • [ISSN] 1535-3893
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of proteome research
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Proteome Res.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Grant] United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / CA119242; United States / NIDDK NIH HHS / DK / DK063014; United States / PHS HHS / / N01-NC-15103; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / P30CA06927
  • [Publication-type] Comparative Study; Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Proteins; 0 / Proteome; EC 1.11.1.6 / Catalase; EC 1.15.1.1 / Superoxide Dismutase; EC 2.5.1.18 / Glutathione Transferase
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28. Ami K, Taira M, Ganno H, Kawasaki N, Ohbu M, Fukuda A, Nagahama T, Ito T, Ando M: [Two cases of colon cancer after resection of recurrence at peritoneal dissemination were for long-term survival with adjuvant chemotherapy]. Gan To Kagaku Ryoho; 2007 Nov;34(12):2044-6
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] [Two cases of colon cancer after resection of recurrence at peritoneal dissemination were for long-term survival with adjuvant chemotherapy].
  • The diagnosis for the range of dissemination was difficult.
  • We experienced with two recurrent colon cancer patients who underwent resection of peritoneal dissemination and adjuvant chemotherapy.
  • He was operated for left colectomy against descending colon cancer with perforation.
  • She was operated on sigmidectomy against sigmoid colon cancer.
  • [MeSH-major] Neoplasm Recurrence, Local / drug therapy. Neoplasm Recurrence, Local / secondary. Peritoneal Neoplasms / drug therapy. Peritoneal Neoplasms / secondary. Rectal Neoplasms / drug therapy. Sigmoid Neoplasms / drug therapy

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  • (PMID = 18219893.001).
  • [ISSN] 0385-0684
  • [Journal-full-title] Gan to kagaku ryoho. Cancer & chemotherapy
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Gan To Kagaku Ryoho
  • [Language] jpn
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Japan
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29. Xu M, Zhong Y, Yao L, Xu J, Zhou P, Wang P, Wang H: Endoscopic decompression using a transanal drainage tube for acute obstruction of the rectum and left colon as a bridge to curative surgery. Colorectal Dis; 2009 May;11(4):405-9
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Endoscopic decompression using a transanal drainage tube for acute obstruction of the rectum and left colon as a bridge to curative surgery.
  • OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to clarify the usefulness of the management of acute left colon and rectum obstruction because of colorectal carcinoma using a transanal ileus drainage tube before curative surgery.
  • METHOD: Forty-six patients (24 males and 22 females, aged 24-94 years, mean = 56.2) treated between September 2005 and March 2007 for acute left colon and rectal obstruction were identified in a colorectal obstruction database, and their clinical and radiological features were reviewed.
  • The site of obstruction was the rectum in 15 patients, the sigmoid colon in 18, the descending colon in 13.
  • Following adequate cleansing of the colon, patients' abdominal girth were decreased from 91 +/- 4 cm before drainage to 82 +/- 2 cm 7 days later, and one-stage surgery after 8 +/- 1 days (SD; range 7-10 days) were performed.
  • CONCLUSION: Management of acute left colon and rectum obstruction because of colorectal carcinoma using the ileus tube was found to be effective and safe, considered as a bridged method before curative surgery.
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Aged. Aged, 80 and over. Cohort Studies. Colon, Descending / surgery. Drainage / instrumentation. Drainage / methods. Female. Humans. Male. Middle Aged. Retrospective Studies. Young Adult

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  • (PMID = 18513190.001).
  • [ISSN] 1463-1318
  • [Journal-full-title] Colorectal disease : the official journal of the Association of Coloproctology of Great Britain and Ireland
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Colorectal Dis
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] England
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30. Brunner M, Vogelsang H, Greinwald R, Kletter K, Kvaternik H, Schrolnberger C, Eichler HG, Brunner H, Dudczak R, Müller M: Colonic spread and serum pharmacokinetics of budesonide foam in patients with mildly to moderately active ulcerative colitis. Aliment Pharmacol Ther; 2005 Sep 1;22(5):463-70
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  • RESULTS: Budesonide foam spread with a maximum between 11 and 40 cm, thus reaching the sigmoid colon in all patients.
  • In some patients, the foam even extended into the distal third and the middle of the descending colon with maximum radioactivity at 4 h.
  • CONCLUSIONS: In the majority of patients, budesonide foam effectively spread up to the left-sided colon and thus qualifies for the local treatment of proctosigmoiditis.
  • [MeSH-major] Anti-Inflammatory Agents / pharmacokinetics. Budesonide / pharmacokinetics. Colitis, Ulcerative / drug therapy. Colon / metabolism. Proctocolitis / drug therapy

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  • (PMID = 16128685.001).
  • [ISSN] 0269-2813
  • [Journal-full-title] Alimentary pharmacology & therapeutics
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Aliment. Pharmacol. Ther.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Clinical Trial; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Anti-Inflammatory Agents; 51333-22-3 / Budesonide; 7440-26-8 / Technetium
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31. Su YJ, Lai YC, Chou CY, Chang WH: Ischemic colitis secondary to xanthogranulomatous pyelonephritis. Int J Infect Dis; 2009 May;13(3):e89-91
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  • It often occurs in the presence of chronic obstruction from a calculus, stricture or tumor.
  • Here, we report a case of a 50-year-old woman who had extensive XGPN complicated by a rarely seen unusual devascularization of the transverse and descending colon resulting in ischemic colitis owing to compression by a large mass.
  • The etiologies, symptoms and signs, complications, diagnosis and treatment are also reviewed in this article.

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  • (PMID = 18845461.001).
  • [ISSN] 1878-3511
  • [Journal-full-title] International journal of infectious diseases : IJID : official publication of the International Society for Infectious Diseases
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Int. J. Infect. Dis.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Canada
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32. Csillag C, Nielsen OH, Borup R, Nielsen FC, Olsen J: Clinical phenotype and gene expression profile in Crohn's disease. Am J Physiol Gastrointest Liver Physiol; 2007 Jan;292(1):G298-304
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • Biopsies from the descending colon were obtained colonoscopically from 40 CD patients.
  • [MeSH-major] Colon / pathology. Gene Expression Profiling. Genetic Variation

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  • (PMID = 16959948.001).
  • [ISSN] 0193-1857
  • [Journal-full-title] American journal of physiology. Gastrointestinal and liver physiology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Am. J. Physiol. Gastrointest. Liver Physiol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Comparative Study; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] United States
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33. Yamamoto H, Oda Y, Yao T, Oiwa T, Kobayashi C, Tamiya S, Kawaguchi K, Hino O, Tsuneyoshi M: Malignant perivascular epithelioid cell tumor of the colon: report of a case with molecular analysis. Pathol Int; 2006 Jan;56(1):46-50
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Malignant perivascular epithelioid cell tumor of the colon: report of a case with molecular analysis.
  • Perivascular epithelioid cell tumor (PEComa) is a rare mesenchymal neoplasm, and malignant cases are extremely rare.
  • A case of malignant PEComa arising in the colon is described herein.
  • The tumor occurred in the abdominal cavity attached to the serosal side of the descending colon.
  • Histologically, the tumor consisted of sheets or closely packed nests of epithelioid cells with clear or eosinophilic cytoplasms.
  • The tumor cells were positive for HMB-45 but negative for S-100 protein and cytokeratins by immunohistochemical staining.
  • Peritoneal dissemination of tumor occurred at 20 months and the patient died of tumor at 38 months after the initial operation.
  • Tumor cells showed overexpression of cyclin D1 but lacked the loss of heterozygosity of the TSC1 and TSC2 genes.
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Biomarkers, Tumor / analysis. Female. Follow-Up Studies. Humans. Immunohistochemistry. Treatment Outcome

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  • (PMID = 16398680.001).
  • [ISSN] 1320-5463
  • [Journal-full-title] Pathology international
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Pathol. Int.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Australia
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Biomarkers, Tumor
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34. Bielen DJ, Bosmans HT, De Wever LL, Maes F, Tejpar S, Vanbeckevoort D, Marchal GJ: Clinical validation of high-resolution fast spin-echo MR colonography after colon distention with air. J Magn Reson Imaging; 2005 Sep;22(3):400-5
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Clinical validation of high-resolution fast spin-echo MR colonography after colon distention with air.
  • The distention was sufficient for diagnosis, and the technique provided adequate delineation of the wall in the majority of segments.
  • Residual fluid obscured the wall in different segments, especially in the ascending and descending colon (supine position) and in the cecum, transverse, and sigmoid colon (prone position).
  • [MeSH-major] Colon / anatomy & histology. Colonoscopy. Magnetic Resonance Imaging / methods
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Aged. Colonography, Computed Tomographic. Colorectal Neoplasms / diagnosis. False Positive Reactions. Female. Humans. Male. Middle Aged

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  • [Copyright] (c) 2005 Wiley-Liss, Inc.
  • (PMID = 16106357.001).
  • [ISSN] 1053-1807
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of magnetic resonance imaging : JMRI
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Magn Reson Imaging
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Validation Studies
  • [Publication-country] United States
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35. Kanazawa M, Hamaguchi T, Watanabe S, Terui T, Mine H, Kano M, Fukudo S: Site-specific differences in central processing of visceral stimuli from the rectum and the descending colon in men. Neurogastroenterol Motil; 2010 Feb;22(2):173-80, e53
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Site-specific differences in central processing of visceral stimuli from the rectum and the descending colon in men.
  • The aim of this study was to determine possible site-specific differences in brain responses and perceptions during visceral stimulation of two different sites, the intraluminal distentions of the rectum and descending colon.
  • METHODS: Regional cerebral blood flow was assessed in 32 healthy right-handed male subjects using H(2)(15)O positron emission tomography during distention of the rectum (R group, n = 16) or descending colon (DC group, n = 16) at 40 or 20 mmHg.
  • CONCLUSIONS & INFERENCES: These findings suggest that central projections of painful visceral stimulation from the rectum and descending colon differ in affective, cognitive and nociceptive processing in the brain, which may result in different perceptions of visceral stimulation from different sites.
  • [MeSH-major] Brain / physiology. Colon, Descending / physiology. Rectum / physiology. Visceral Afferents / physiology

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  • (PMID = 19825012.001).
  • [ISSN] 1365-2982
  • [Journal-full-title] Neurogastroenterology and motility : the official journal of the European Gastrointestinal Motility Society
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Neurogastroenterol. Motil.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] England
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36. Zenger MN, Zenger S, Pekuysal M, Sözen S: [Primary epiploic appendagitis: a case report]. Ulus Travma Acil Cerrahi Derg; 2010 Nov;16(6):558-60
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • Primary epiploic appendagitis is a rare, self-limiting inflammatory disease of epiploic appendices of the colon.
  • Abdominal computed tomography workup showed a mass lesion with fat density in the anterior neighborhood of the descending colon, with a hyperdense rim.
  • [MeSH-major] Appendicitis / diagnosis. Appendicitis / radiography

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  • (PMID = 21153952.001).
  • [ISSN] 1306-696X
  • [Journal-full-title] Ulusal travma ve acil cerrahi dergisi = Turkish journal of trauma & emergency surgery : TJTES
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Ulus Travma Acil Cerrahi Derg
  • [Language] tur
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Turkey
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Anti-Bacterial Agents
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37. Benedetto N, Perrini P, Scollato A, Buccoliero AM, Di Lorenzo N: Intracranial meningioma containing metastatic colon carcinoma. Acta Neurochir (Wien); 2007 Aug;149(8):799-803; discussion 803
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Intracranial meningioma containing metastatic colon carcinoma.
  • Tumour-to-tumour metastasis is a rare pathological entity.
  • Meningioma is the most common intracranial tumour to host metastases, the majority of which arise from breast and lung cancers.
  • Her medical history included resection of an adenocarcinoma of the descending colon followed by adjuvant chemotherapy 1 year before our evaluation.
  • Magnetic resonance imaging revealed a homogeneously enhancing lesion in the right frontal convexity.A well capsulated tumour attached to the frontal dura was surgically removed.
  • [MeSH-minor] Aged. Colectomy. Craniotomy. Female. Humans. Magnetic Resonance Imaging. Postoperative Complications / diagnosis. Postoperative Complications / pathology. Postoperative Complications / surgery. Reoperation

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  • (PMID = 17660939.001).
  • [ISSN] 0942-0940
  • [Journal-full-title] Acta neurochirurgica
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Acta Neurochir (Wien)
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Austria
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38. Urahashi T, Miura O, Otawa R, Kawano T, Matsusaki K, Toda T, Minamisono Y, Nagasaki S: En bloc resection for primary non-Hodgkin's lymphoma of the descending colon with massive extension into the neighboring organs. Hepatogastroenterology; 2007 Jan-Feb;54(73):144-7
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] En bloc resection for primary non-Hodgkin's lymphoma of the descending colon with massive extension into the neighboring organs.
  • A 79-year-old female who was surgically treated and received adjuvant chemotherapy for primary non-Hodgkin's lymphoma of the descending colon with massive extension into the pancreatic tail, spleen, and left kidney is herein reported.
  • [MeSH-minor] Aged. Chemotherapy, Adjuvant. Colonic Diseases / etiology. Colonoscopy. Female. Humans. Immunohistochemistry. Intestinal Obstruction / etiology. Lymphocytes / pathology. Neoplasm Invasiveness

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  • (PMID = 17419249.001).
  • [ISSN] 0172-6390
  • [Journal-full-title] Hepato-gastroenterology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Hepatogastroenterology
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Greece
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39. Boesler B, Ott M, Menges M: Segmental haemorrhagic colitis under ciprofloxacin therapy. Z Gastroenterol; 2009 May;47(5):429-31
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • It spread over the sigmoid and the distal part of the descending colon.
  • [MeSH-minor] Biopsy. Colonoscopy. Diagnosis, Differential. Humans. Intestinal Mucosa / drug effects. Intestinal Mucosa / pathology. Male

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  • (PMID = 19418411.001).
  • [ISSN] 0044-2771
  • [Journal-full-title] Zeitschrift für Gastroenterologie
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Z Gastroenterol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Germany
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Anti-Infective Agents; 5E8K9I0O4U / Ciprofloxacin
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40. Cibicek N, Zivná H, Zadák Z, Kulír J, Cermáková E, Palicka V: Colon submucosal microdialysis: a novel in vivo approach in barrier function assessment - a pilot study in rats. Physiol Res; 2007;56(5):611-7
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Colon submucosal microdialysis: a novel in vivo approach in barrier function assessment - a pilot study in rats.
  • Twelve rats underwent perfusion of the descending colon either with 20 % ethanol or control medium (vehicle).
  • Sampling was performed using the colon submucosal microdialysis technique.

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  • (PMID = 17184153.001).
  • [ISSN] 0862-8408
  • [Journal-full-title] Physiological research
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Physiol Res
  • [Language] ENG
  • [Publication-type] Evaluation Studies; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] Czech Republic
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Chromium Radioisotopes; 0 / Radiopharmaceuticals; 3K9958V90M / Ethanol; 9G34HU7RV0 / Edetic Acid
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41. Takemoto H, Fukunaga M, Ooshiro R, Fujishima M, Yamamoto K, Tanaka J, Kondo M, Kishimoto T, Nakayama T, Imamura H, Masutani S, Tatsuta M, Kawasaki T, Furukawa H: [A case of peritoneal dissemination disappeared by CPT-11 + TS-1 combination chemotherapy]. Gan To Kagaku Ryoho; 2005 Oct;32(11):1768-70
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • By a diagnosis of descending colon cancer, descending colon ablative operation and D1 lymph node dissection were performed on April 22, 2004.
  • [MeSH-minor] Administration, Oral. Adult. Antimetabolites, Antineoplastic / administration & dosage. Antineoplastic Agents, Phytogenic / administration & dosage. Camptothecin / administration & dosage. Camptothecin / analogs & derivatives. Colonic Neoplasms / pathology. Drug Combinations. Humans. Infusions, Intravenous. Male. Neoplasm Seeding. Oxonic Acid / administration & dosage. Pyridines / administration & dosage. Tegafur / administration & dosage

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  • (PMID = 16315935.001).
  • [ISSN] 0385-0684
  • [Journal-full-title] Gan to kagaku ryoho. Cancer & chemotherapy
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Gan To Kagaku Ryoho
  • [Language] jpn
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Japan
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Antimetabolites, Antineoplastic; 0 / Antineoplastic Agents, Phytogenic; 0 / Drug Combinations; 0 / Pyridines; 150863-82-4 / S 1 (combination); 1548R74NSZ / Tegafur; 5VT6420TIG / Oxonic Acid; 7673326042 / irinotecan; XT3Z54Z28A / Camptothecin
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42. van der Veek PP, Steenvoorden M, Steens J, van der Schaar PJ, Brussee J, Masclee AA: Recto-colonic reflex is impaired in patients with irritable bowel syndrome. Neurogastroenterol Motil; 2007 Aug;19(8):653-9
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  • We studied rectal compliance, perception and the recto-colonic reflex by measuring volume responses of the descending colon to rectal distentions by barostat in 26 IBS patients and 13 healthy controls under both fasting and postprandial conditions.
  • Rectal distention inhibits tonic and phasic motility of the descending colon in healthy controls and in IBS patients.
  • [MeSH-major] Colon, Descending / physiology. Irritable Bowel Syndrome / physiopathology. Rectum / physiology. Reflex, Abnormal / physiology

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  • (PMID = 17640180.001).
  • [ISSN] 1350-1925
  • [Journal-full-title] Neurogastroenterology and motility : the official journal of the European Gastrointestinal Motility Society
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Neurogastroenterol. Motil.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] England
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43. Pérez W, Lima M, Bielli A: Gross anatomy of the intestine and its mesentery in the nutria (Myocastor coypus). Folia Morphol (Warsz); 2008 Nov;67(4):286-91
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  • The ascending colon had two ansae, one proximal and one distal.
  • The base of the caecum and a short proximal part of the ascending colon belonging to the proximal ansa were attached to the mesoduodenum descendens.
  • The distal ansa of the ascending colon had a proximal part which was sacculated and a distal part which was smooth.
  • The two parts of the distal ansa of the ascending colon were parallel and joined by a flexure of variable localisation.
  • The smooth part of the distal ansa of the ascending colon was attached to the initial portion of the descending colon by a peritoneal fold.
  • The short transverse colon was directly attached to the mesoduodenum and greater omentum.
  • [MeSH-minor] Animals. Body Weight. Cecum / anatomy & histology. Colon / anatomy & histology. Digestive System / anatomy & histology. Dissection / methods. Duodenum / anatomy & histology. Female. Ileum / anatomy & histology. Male. Omentum / anatomy & histology. Stomach / anatomy & histology

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  • (PMID = 19085870.001).
  • [ISSN] 0015-5659
  • [Journal-full-title] Folia morphologica
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Folia Morphol. (Warsz)
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Poland
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44. Elsberger B, Rourke K, Brush J, Glancy S, Collie M: Self-expanding metallic stent insertion in the proximal colon. Colorectal Dis; 2008 Feb;10(2):194-6
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  • [Title] Self-expanding metallic stent insertion in the proximal colon.
  • Lesions proximal to the descending colon can be more difficult to intubate and stent [1].
  • SEMS placement in the more proximal colon lesions has been reported in only a few cases [2,4].
  • RESULTS: Seven patients had proximal lesions: four in the transverse colon and three at the splenic flexure.
  • In the seventh patient, there was a failure of expansion of the stent, after successful intubation of the lesion, which was in the distal transverse colon.
  • Placement of colonic stents proximal to the descending colon is safe, feasible and effective.

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  • (PMID = 17784867.001).
  • [ISSN] 1463-1318
  • [Journal-full-title] Colorectal disease : the official journal of the Association of Coloproctology of Great Britain and Ireland
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Colorectal Dis
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Metals
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45. Patankar SP, Patankar SS: Penetrating abdominal injury and peritonitis: A rare case of birth Injury. J Indian Assoc Pediatr Surg; 2008 Jan;13(1):22-4
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  • The bowel was injured at two sites, proximal jejunum and descending colon.

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  • [Cites] Adv Neonatal Care. 2006 Feb;6(1):7-14 [16458246.001]
  • [Cites] Clin Perinatol. 2005 Mar;32(1):19-38, v [15777819.001]
  • [Cites] J Reprod Med. 1996 Oct;41(10):754-60 [8913978.001]
  • [Cites] Pediatr Clin North Am. 1993 Dec;40(6):1351-8 [8255629.001]
  • (PMID = 20177482.001).
  • [ISSN] 1998-3891
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of Indian Association of Pediatric Surgeons
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Indian Assoc Pediatr Surg
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] India
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC2810820
  • [Keywords] NOTNLM ; Birth injury / bowel trauma / penetrating abdominal trauma
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46. Pignata G: Laparoscopic treatment for acute diverticular disease. Acta Chir Iugosl; 2006;53(3):19-22
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  • Diverticular disease of the sigmoid colon involves more than 50% of population over 60 years, and much more in people older than 80 years.
  • Colonic diverticulitis represents an acute bowel inflammation, in many cases, confined only to the sigmoid and descending colon.

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  • (PMID = 17338195.001).
  • [ISSN] 0354-950X
  • [Journal-full-title] Acta chirurgica Iugoslavica
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Acta Chir Iugosl
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Serbia and Montenegro
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47. Tsuruoka M, Wang D, Tamaki J, Inoue T: Descending influence from the nucleus locus coeruleus/subcoeruleus on visceral nociceptive transmission in the rat spinal cord. Neuroscience; 2010 Feb 17;165(4):1019-24
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  • [Title] Descending influence from the nucleus locus coeruleus/subcoeruleus on visceral nociceptive transmission in the rat spinal cord.
  • Visceral nociceptive signals are the subject of descending modulation from the locus coeruleus/subcoeruleus (LC/SC).
  • We have recently found dorsal horn neurons whose visceral nociceptive responses are not inhibited by the descending LC/SC system (LC/SC-unaffected neurons) in the rat.
  • To accomplish our objective, the descending colon was electrically stimulated, and both the evoked discharge (ED) in the ventral posterolateral (VPL) nucleus of the thalamus and the electromyogram (EMG) of the abdominal muscle were simultaneously recorded under halothane anesthesia.
  • [MeSH-major] Colon / physiopathology. Locus Coeruleus / physiopathology. Mesencephalon / physiopathology. Neurons / physiology. Pain / physiopathology. Spinal Cord / physiopathology

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  • (PMID = 19958815.001).
  • [ISSN] 1873-7544
  • [Journal-full-title] Neuroscience
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Neuroscience
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] United States
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48. Sugae T, Yaguchi T, Kajikawa M, Nakayama S, Takase T, Inokawa Y, Tsushima Y, Watanabe T, Harada A: [A case report of primary adenocarcinoma of small intestine successfully treated with FOLFOX]. Gan To Kagaku Ryoho; 2008 Nov;35(11):1969-71
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  • Abdominal computerized tomography revealed bowel obstruction, and this was found at surgery to be due to a tumor at the jejunum 100 cm distal from the Treitz ligament.
  • Pathological diagnosis of the resected specimen was adenocarcinoma.
  • Colonoscopy simultaneously revealed stenosis at the descending colon.
  • The patient was subsequently treated with resection of the mass at the abdominal wall, and colostomy was made at the transverse colon to circumvent the stenosis due to peritoneal carcinomatosis.
  • It was not long before another recurrence developed at the abdominal wall with a subsequent rise in tumor markers. mFOLFOX6 (oxaliplatin 85 mg/m2, levofolinate calcium 200 mg/m2, 5-FU 400/2,400 mg/m2) was given, and the patient responded.
  • The current patient survived for 4 years and 5 months after the diagnosis, owing at least partially to the mFOLFOX6 which was found to be the only active regimen.

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  • (PMID = 19011354.001).
  • [ISSN] 0385-0684
  • [Journal-full-title] Gan to kagaku ryoho. Cancer & chemotherapy
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Gan To Kagaku Ryoho
  • [Language] jpn
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Japan
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Carcinoembryonic Antigen; 0 / Organoplatinum Compounds; Q573I9DVLP / Leucovorin; U3P01618RT / Fluorouracil; Folfox protocol
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49. Christianson JA, Traub RJ, Davis BM: Differences in spinal distribution and neurochemical phenotype of colonic afferents in mouse and rat. J Comp Neurol; 2006 Jan 10;494(2):246-59
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  • To determine the spinal distribution and neurochemical phenotype of colonic afferents in rodents, Alexa Fluor-conjugated cholera toxin-beta (CTB) was injected subserosally into the proximal and distal portions of the descending colon in Sprague Dawley rats and C57Bl/6 mice.
  • [MeSH-major] Afferent Pathways / metabolism. Calcitonin Gene-Related Peptide / metabolism. Colon / innervation. Pain / metabolism. Spinal Cord. TRPV Cation Channels / metabolism

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  • (PMID = 16320237.001).
  • [ISSN] 0021-9967
  • [Journal-full-title] The Journal of comparative neurology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Comp. Neurol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Grant] United States / NINDS NIH HHS / NS / NS050758; United States / NINDS NIH HHS / NS / NS41384
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Fluorescent Dyes; 0 / Neurofilament Proteins; 0 / TRPV Cation Channels; 0 / cholera toxin, B subunit-horseradish peroxidase; 83652-28-2 / Calcitonin Gene-Related Peptide; 9012-63-9 / Cholera Toxin; EC 1.11.1.- / Horseradish Peroxidase
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50. Takaya J, Teraguchi M, Ikemoto Y, Yoshimura K, Yamato F, Higashino H, Kobayashi Y, Kaneko K: Turner syndrome associated with ulcerative colitis. Clin Pediatr Endocrinol; 2006;15(3):97-100
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  • The diagnosis of Turner syndrome was made in early infancy (karyotype analysis 45, X).
  • Barium enema showed aphtha and loss of the fine network pattern in the descending colon and rectum.
  • An endoscopic examination showed ulceration, edema, friability, and erythema beginning in the rectum and extending up to the splenic flexure of the descending colon.
  • The histology of the descending colon area showed severe stromal infiltration of inflammatory cells.

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  • (PMID = 24790328.001).
  • [ISSN] 0918-5739
  • [Journal-full-title] Clinical pediatric endocrinology : case reports and clinical investigations : official journal of the Japanese Society for Pediatric Endocrinology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Clin Pediatr Endocrinol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Japan
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC4004840
  • [Keywords] NOTNLM ; GH therapy / Turner syndrome / growth velocity / ulcerative colitis
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51. Machado NO, Chopra PJ, Al Hamdani A: Pancreatic metastasis from colon carcinoma nine years after a hemicolectomy managed by distal pancreatectomy. A review of the literature regarding the role and outcome of pancreatic resection for colorectal metastasis. JOP; 2010;11(4):377-81
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  • [Title] Pancreatic metastasis from colon carcinoma nine years after a hemicolectomy managed by distal pancreatectomy. A review of the literature regarding the role and outcome of pancreatic resection for colorectal metastasis.
  • CASE REPORT: A 58-year-old female underwent an emergency left hemicolectomy for an obstructing descending colon growth.
  • She underwent a distal pancreatectomy, and histopathology of the resected specimen confirmed a metastatic tumor from colon cancer.
  • The time-interval between the diagnosis of colorectal cancer and the detection of pancreatic metastasis varies widely but is approximately 24 months.
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Colorectal Neoplasms / diagnosis. Colorectal Neoplasms / pathology. Colorectal Neoplasms / surgery. Female. Humans. Prognosis. Time Factors. Treatment Outcome

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  • [CommentIn] JOP. 2010;11(6):644-5; author reply 650 [21068505.001]
  • (PMID = 20601814.001).
  • [ISSN] 1590-8577
  • [Journal-full-title] JOP : Journal of the pancreas
  • [ISO-abbreviation] JOP
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] Italy
  • [Number-of-references] 24
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52. Tack J, Broekaert D, Corsetti M, Fischler B, Janssens J: Influence of acute serotonin reuptake inhibition on colonic sensorimotor function in man. Aliment Pharmacol Ther; 2006 Jan 15;23(2):265-74
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  • METHODS: Ten healthy subjects (five men, aged 20-29 years) underwent a combined manometry/barostat study of the descending colon on two occasions.
  • [MeSH-major] Citalopram / administration & dosage. Colon / physiology. Serotonin Uptake Inhibitors / administration & dosage

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  • (PMID = 16393306.001).
  • [ISSN] 0269-2813
  • [Journal-full-title] Alimentary pharmacology & therapeutics
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Aliment. Pharmacol. Ther.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Randomized Controlled Trial
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Serotonin Uptake Inhibitors; 0DHU5B8D6V / Citalopram
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53. Hartmann D, Bassler B, Schilling D, Pfeiffer B, Jakobs R, Eickhoff A, Riemann JF, Layer G: Incomplete conventional colonoscopy: magnetic resonance colonography in the evaluation of the proximal colon. Endoscopy; 2005 Sep;37(9):816-20
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Incomplete conventional colonoscopy: magnetic resonance colonography in the evaluation of the proximal colon.
  • The depiction of colorectal diseases was assessed in the following colon segments: cecum, ascending colon, transverse colon, descending colon, sigmoid colon, and rectum.
  • The reasons for incomplete colonoscopy included high-grade stenosis in 26 patients (four with occlusive cancer, 12 with fibrotic stenosis based on recurrent sigmoid diverticulitis, eight with Crohn's-induced stenosis, and two with nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug colonopathy), extreme patient intolerance in one patient, and technical challenges associated with an elongated colon in five patients.
  • Of the 26 patients with high-grade stenosis, 19 underwent surgery with histopathological confirmation of the initial diagnosis.
  • CONCLUSION: Dark-lumen MR colonography is a feasible and useful method of evaluating the entire colon in patients with incomplete conventional colonoscopy.
  • [MeSH-major] Colonic Diseases / diagnosis. Colonoscopy. Intestinal Obstruction / diagnosis


54. Hirabayashi T, Morikawa Y, Matsufuji H, Hoshino K, Hagane K, Ozaki K: Stimulatory action of mitemcinal (GM-611), an acid-resistant non-peptide motilin receptor agonist, on colonic motor activity and defecation: spontaneous and mitemcinal-induced giant migrating contractions during defecation in dogs. Neurogastroenterol Motil; 2009 Oct;21(10):1085-e91
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  • During a 39-day period, the starting point of most of the 140 GMCs was between the transverse colon and the descending colon, but some variation was observed.
  • The GMC starting point in the canine colon varied during spontaneous defecation.
  • [MeSH-major] Colon / drug effects. Defecation / drug effects. Erythromycin / analogs & derivatives. Myoelectric Complex, Migrating / drug effects. Receptors, Gastrointestinal Hormone / agonists. Receptors, Neuropeptide / agonists

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  • (PMID = 19508333.001).
  • [ISSN] 1365-2982
  • [Journal-full-title] Neurogastroenterology and motility : the official journal of the European Gastrointestinal Motility Society
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Neurogastroenterol. Motil.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Anthraquinones; 0 / Laxatives; 0 / Receptors, Gastrointestinal Hormone; 0 / Receptors, Neuropeptide; 0 / motilin receptor; 517-43-1 / sennoside A&B; 63937KV33D / Erythromycin; 6X5NRJ664L / mitemcinal; 8013-11-4 / Senna Extract
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55. Hamada Y, Tanaka K, Matsuda S, Nagai M, Noda T, Kosaka R, Aoki M, Aota T, Toyoda H, Suzuki H: [A endoscopic treatment of penetration of the colon by an ingested fish bone]. Nihon Shokakibyo Gakkai Zasshi; 2008 Jul;105(7):1049-54
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  • [Title] [A endoscopic treatment of penetration of the colon by an ingested fish bone].
  • Computed tomography on admission revealed foreign a body penetrating descending colon and free air.
  • [MeSH-major] Colon / injuries. Foreign Bodies / complications

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  • (PMID = 18603850.001).
  • [ISSN] 0446-6586
  • [Journal-full-title] Nihon Shokakibyo Gakkai zasshi = The Japanese journal of gastro-enterology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Nihon Shokakibyo Gakkai Zasshi
  • [Language] jpn
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Japan
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56. Varum FJ, Veiga F, Sousa JS, Basit AW: An investigation into the role of mucus thickness on mucoadhesion in the gastrointestinal tract of pig. Eur J Pharm Sci; 2010 Jul 11;40(4):335-41
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  • Mucus was thickest in the stomach (body 67.9+/-54.7 microm) and mucus thickness increased from proximal to distal segments in both the small intestine (duodenum 25.9+/-11.8 microm, ileum 31.0+/-15.7 microm) and large intestine (caecum 19.4+/-8.7 microm, ascending colon 31.9+/-17.2 microm, descending colon 35.1+/-16.0 microm and rectum 40.8+/-12.5 microm).

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  • [Copyright] 2010 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
  • (PMID = 20417275.001).
  • [ISSN] 1879-0720
  • [Journal-full-title] European journal of pharmaceutical sciences : official journal of the European Federation for Pharmaceutical Sciences
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Eur J Pharm Sci
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Comparative Study; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] Netherlands
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Acrylates; 0 / Acrylic Resins; 0 / Adjuvants, Pharmaceutic; 0 / carbopol 974P NF; 059QF0KO0R / Water
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57. Posma LA, Bleichrodt RP, Lomme RM, de Man BM, van Goor H, Hendriks T: Early anastomotic repair in the rat intestine is affected by transient preoperative mesenteric ischemia. J Gastrointest Surg; 2009 Jun;13(6):1099-106
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  • Immediately after declamping, anastomoses were constructed in both terminal ileum and descending colon.
  • In the colon, the bursting pressure in the ischemic group was lower at day 1.
  • Increased presence of the various gelatinase activities was found in ileum only at day 0 and in colon at days 1 and 2.
  • [MeSH-major] Anastomosis, Surgical. Colon / surgery. Ileum / surgery. Ischemia / physiopathology. Mesentery / blood supply. Wound Healing / physiology

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  • (PMID = 19242763.001).
  • [ISSN] 1873-4626
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of gastrointestinal surgery : official journal of the Society for Surgery of the Alimentary Tract
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Gastrointest. Surg.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] EC 3.4.24.- / Gelatinases; RMB44WO89X / Hydroxyproline
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58. Tack J, Middleton SJ, Horne MC, Piessevaux H, Bloor JS, Meyers NL, Palmer RM: Pilot study of the efficacy of renzapride on gastrointestinal motility and symptoms in patients with constipation-predominant irritable bowel syndrome. Aliment Pharmacol Ther; 2006 Jun 1;23(11):1655-65
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  • RESULTS: Renzapride reduced mean overall gastrointestinal transit time (placebo, 2.9 +/- 1.6 days; renzapride 2 mg o.d., 2.6 +/- 1.4 days; renzapride 2 mg b.d., 1.9 +/- 1.6 days) (P = 0.024) and accelerated segmental colonic transit, with statistically significant differences for renzapride 2 mg b.d. over placebo in caecum/ascending colon (P = 0.019) and descending colon (P = 0.022).

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  • (PMID = 16696817.001).
  • [ISSN] 0269-2813
  • [Journal-full-title] Alimentary pharmacology & therapeutics
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Aliment. Pharmacol. Ther.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Multicenter Study; Randomized Controlled Trial; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Benzamides; 0 / Bicyclo Compounds, Heterocyclic; 0 / Serotonin Antagonists; 9073C0W4E9 / renzapride
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59. Heigh RI, DiBaise JK, Prechel JA, Horn BJ, San Miguel S, Heigh EG, Leighton JA, Edgelow CJ, Fleischer DE: Use of an electromagnetic colonoscope to assess maneuvers associated with cecal intubation. BMC Gastroenterol; 2009;9:24
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  • While ETM were used most often when the tip of the colonoscope was in the left side of the colon (rectum 5.0%, sigmoid colon 20.7%, descending colon 5.0%, and splenic flexure 11.6%), when the instrument was in the transverse colon (14.8%), hepatic flexure (20.7%) and ascending colon (19.8%) the use of ETM was also required.
  • When the colonoscope tip was in the transverse colon, hepatic flexure and ascending colon, ETM success rates were less (61.1%, 52.0%, and 41.7% respectively) compared to the left colon success rates (rectum 83.3%, sigmoid colon 84.0%, descending colon 100%, and splenic flexure 85.7%).
  • ETM are important tools of the colonoscopist and are used most often in the left colon where they are most effective.

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  • [Cites] Med Biol Eng Comput. 1999 Nov;37(6):673-9 [10723871.001]
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  • (PMID = 19358723.001).
  • [ISSN] 1471-230X
  • [Journal-full-title] BMC gastroenterology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] BMC Gastroenterol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Evaluation Studies; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC2670842
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60. Prange T, Holcombe SJ, Brown JA, Dechant JE, Fubini SL, Embertson RM, Peroni J, Rakestraw PC, Hauptman JG: Resection and anastomosis of the descending colon in 43 horses. Vet Surg; 2010 Aug;39(6):748-53
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  • [Title] Resection and anastomosis of the descending colon in 43 horses.
  • OBJECTIVES: To determine (1) the short- (to hospital discharge) and long- (>6 months) term survival, (2) factors associated with short-term survival, and (3) the perioperative course for horses with resection and anastomosis of the descending colon.
  • ANIMALS: Horses (n=43) that had descending colon resection and anastomosis.
  • METHODS: Medical records (January 1995-June 2009) of 7 equine referral hospitals were reviewed for horses that had descending colon resection and anastomosis and were recovered from anesthesia.
  • CONCLUSIONS: Descending colon resection and anastomosis has a favorable prognosis for hospital discharge and survival > or =6 months.
  • The most common cause of small colon incarceration was strangulating lipoma.
  • CLINICAL RELEVANCE: Complications include postoperative fever and diarrhea but the prognosis is good after small colon resection and anastomosis.

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  • (PMID = 20459485.001).
  • [ISSN] 1532-950X
  • [Journal-full-title] Veterinary surgery : VS
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Vet Surg
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Multicenter Study
  • [Publication-country] United States
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61. Barchetti F, Al Ansari N, De Marco V, Caravani F, Broglia L: Giant lipoma of descending colon diagnosed at CT: report of a case. Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci; 2010 Jun;14(6):573-5
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  • [Title] Giant lipoma of descending colon diagnosed at CT: report of a case.
  • Colonic lipomas are rare benign lesions, detected accidentally.
  • Colonic lipomas are more often localized in the ascending colon: literature reports less than 20 symptomatic cases situated in the descending colon.
  • The case was interesting because of the patient's young age, the tumor's location in the left side of the colon and the giant size (5.5 cm).

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  • (PMID = 20712267.001).
  • [ISSN] 1128-3602
  • [Journal-full-title] European review for medical and pharmacological sciences
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Italy
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62. Pusztaszeri M, Matter M, Kuonen A, Bouzourene H: Nodal staging in colorectal cancer: should distant lymph nodes be recovered in surgical specimens? Hum Pathol; 2009 Apr;40(4):552-7
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  • The mesocolic and perirectal fat was divided into 2 fractions: close to (<5 cm) and distant from (>5 cm) the tumor.
  • Tumors were located in the cecum (n = 61), ascending colon (n = 29), transverse colon (n = 31), descending colon (n = 27), sigmoid colon (n = 108), and rectum (n = 89).
  • In the colon, we found that lymph node location is more important than lymph node number because metastatic lymph nodes were present mostly in the peritumoral area.
  • This suggests that lymph nodes should be initially recovered from the pericolic fat close to the tumor.
  • [MeSH-major] Colorectal Neoplasms / pathology. Lymph Node Excision / methods. Lymphatic Metastasis / diagnosis. Neoplasm Staging / methods

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  • (PMID = 19144378.001).
  • [ISSN] 1532-8392
  • [Journal-full-title] Human pathology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Hum. Pathol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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63. Lee WY, Takahashi T, Pappas T, Mantyh CR, Ludwig KA: Surgical autonomic denervation results in altered colonic motility: an explanation for low anterior resection syndrome? Surgery; 2008 Jun;143(6):778-83
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  • BACKGROUND: We hypothesized that the bowel dysfunction known as low anterior resection syndrome is caused by denervation of the left colon.
  • The purpose of this study is to determine how surgical denervation changes left colon motility and to identify the mechanism of this change.
  • MATERIALS AND METHODS: Strain gauge transducers were implanted on the serosal surface of the descending colon of male SD rats (250-300 g).
  • After a 2-h baseline recording, motility was recorded for another 2 h after either simple left colon manipulation (n = 6) or surgical left colon denervation (n = 6).
  • Various pharmacologic agents were then administered before denervation to determine the mechanism by which denervation changed left colon motility.
  • CONCLUSION: Surgical denervation of the left colon results in a significant increase in motility.
  • [MeSH-major] Autonomic Denervation / adverse effects. Autonomic Nervous System / surgery. Colon / innervation. Colon / physiopathology. Colonic Diseases, Functional / etiology. Gastrointestinal Motility / physiology

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  • (PMID = 18549894.001).
  • [ISSN] 1532-7361
  • [Journal-full-title] Surgery
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Surgery
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Adrenergic Agents; 0 / Adrenergic alpha-Antagonists; 0 / Adrenergic beta-Antagonists; 9Y8NXQ24VQ / Propranolol; Z468598HBV / Phentolamine; ZTI6C33Q2Q / Guanethidine
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64. Dorofeeva AA, Panteleev SS, Makarov FN: Involvement of the sacral parasympathetic nucleus in the innervation of the descending colon and rectum in cats. Neurosci Behav Physiol; 2009 Feb;39(2):207-10
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  • [Title] Involvement of the sacral parasympathetic nucleus in the innervation of the descending colon and rectum in cats.
  • Studies in anesthetized (urethane, 1.5 g/kg, i.p.) cats using retrograde transport of horseradish peroxidase addressed the locations and morphometric characteristics of neurons in the sacral parasympathetic nucleus of the spinal cord innervating the descending colon and rectum.
  • [MeSH-major] Colon / innervation. Ganglia, Parasympathetic / physiology. Spinal Cord / physiology

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  • (PMID = 19142736.001).
  • [ISSN] 0097-0549
  • [Journal-full-title] Neuroscience and behavioral physiology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Neurosci. Behav. Physiol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] EC 1.11.1.- / Horseradish Peroxidase
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65. Schreiner MA, Weiss DG, Lieberman DA: Proximal and large hyperplastic and nondysplastic serrated polyps detected by colonoscopy are associated with neoplasia. Gastroenterology; 2010 Nov;139(5):1497-502
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  • [Title] Proximal and large hyperplastic and nondysplastic serrated polyps detected by colonoscopy are associated with neoplasia.
  • We investigated whether detection of proximal nondysplastic serrated polyps (ND-SP) at screening and surveillance colonoscopies is associated with advanced neoplasia.
  • The proximal colon was defined as segments proximal to the descending colon.
  • We compared rates of detection of any neoplasia and advanced neoplasia at screening and surveillance colonoscopies (within 5.5 years) in patients with and without proximal or large ND-SP.
  • They were more likely than patients with no proximal ND-SP to have advanced neoplasia (17.3% vs 10.0%; odds ratio [OR], 1.90; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.33-2.70).
  • Patients with large ND-SP (n = 44) were also more likely to have synchronous advanced neoplasia (OR, 3.37; 95% CI, 1.71-6.65).
  • During surveillance, 39 patients with baseline proximal ND-SP and no neoplasia were more likely to have neoplasia compared with subjects who did not have polyps (OR, 3.14; 95% CI, 1.59-6.20).
  • Among patients with advanced neoplasia at baseline, those with proximal ND-SP (n = 43) were more likely to have advanced neoplasia during surveillance (OR, 2.17; 95% CI, 1.03-4.59).
  • CONCLUSIONS: Detection of proximal and large ND-SP at a screening colonoscopy is associated with an increased risk for synchronous advanced neoplasia.
  • Detection of proximal ND-SP in a baseline colonoscopy is associated with an increased risk for interval neoplasia during surveillance.
  • [MeSH-major] Adenoma / diagnosis. Colonic Neoplasms / diagnosis. Colonic Polyps / diagnosis. Colonoscopy / methods. Intestinal Mucosa / pathology. Mass Screening / methods
  • [MeSH-minor] Aged. Diagnosis, Differential. Female. Follow-Up Studies. Humans. Incidence. Male. Middle Aged. Retrospective Studies. Severity of Illness Index. United States / epidemiology

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  • [Copyright] Copyright © 2010 AGA Institute. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
  • [CommentIn] Gastroenterology. 2010 Nov;139(5):1444-7 [20875785.001]
  • (PMID = 20633561.001).
  • [ISSN] 1528-0012
  • [Journal-full-title] Gastroenterology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Gastroenterology
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Comparative Study; Journal Article; Multicenter Study; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.
  • [Publication-country] United States
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66. Li JN, Zhao L, Zheng WY, Miao Z, Tang XY, Qian JM: [The trends in clinical characteristics of colon cancer in last two decades]. Zhonghua Nei Ke Za Zhi; 2010 Mar;49(3):226-9
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  • [Title] [The trends in clinical characteristics of colon cancer in last two decades].
  • OBJECTIVE: To explore the changing of clinical features of colon cancer within 20 years, in order to help early diagnosis and screening of colon cancer in China.
  • METHODS: A total of 1233 cases of colon cancer in Peking Union Medical College Hospital during 1989 - 2008 were retrospectively studied.
  • RESULTS: Comparing with 1989 - 1998, in recently 10 years, the morbidity of colon cancer increased, more female and old patients appeared; hematochezia significant less (51.8% vs 31.7%, P < 0.05); abdominal mass and following ileus also decreased (30.2% vs 13.6%, P < 0.05); patients with low of Hb decreased, the positive of stool occult blood increased from 43.6% to 61.2% (P < 0.05), According with the more patients who detected serum CEA, the positive rate significant increased (32.4% vs 57.9%, P < 0.05).
  • Colonoscopy became the mainly method for diagnosis, more and more early stage lesion and polyps were detected.
  • The location of tumor from ascending colon in 1989 - 1998 (44.6%) shift to sigmoid colon (38.7%) and descending colon (22.7%) up to now.
  • CONCLUSIONS: In the recently 10 years, the morbidity of colon cancer obviously increased, the age was become elder and female patients were increased.
  • The location of tumor shift from right side to left side, and coincidence with west countries gradually.
  • [MeSH-minor] Adolescent. Adult. Aged. Aged, 80 and over. China / epidemiology. Colonoscopy. Female. Humans. Male. Middle Aged. Neoplasm Staging. Retrospective Studies. Young Adult

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  • (PMID = 20450656.001).
  • [ISSN] 0578-1426
  • [Journal-full-title] Zhonghua nei ke za zhi
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Zhonghua Nei Ke Za Zhi
  • [Language] chi
  • [Publication-type] English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] China
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67. Hoeppner J, Crnogorac V, Marjanovic G, Jüttner E, Karcz W, Weiser HF, Hopt UT: Small intestinal submucosa as a bioscaffold for tissue regeneration in defects of the colonic wall. J Gastrointest Surg; 2009 Jan;13(1):113-9
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  • METHODS: Fourteen domestic pigs had a 4.5 x 1.5 cm full-thickness defect created on the wall of the descending colon.
  • No luminal narrowing occurred at SIS-patched colon.
  • [MeSH-major] Colon / injuries. Colon / surgery. Guided Tissue Regeneration / methods. Intestinal Mucosa / transplantation. Tissue Scaffolds

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  • (PMID = 18766420.001).
  • [ISSN] 1873-4626
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of gastrointestinal surgery : official journal of the Society for Surgery of the Alimentary Tract
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Gastrointest. Surg.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Comparative Study; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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68. Inagi E, Shimodan S, Amizuka H, Kigawa S, Shimizu Y, Nagashima K, Tanaka S: Pancreatic cancer initially presenting with a pseudocyst at the splenic flexure. Pathol Int; 2006 Sep;56(9):558-62
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • Surgery was performed on a 44-year-old male patient for an abscess-like cavity situated at the mesenteric side of the colon and extending from the splenic flexure to the descending colon.

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  • (PMID = 16930338.001).
  • [ISSN] 1320-5463
  • [Journal-full-title] Pathology international
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Pathol. Int.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Australia
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69. Hagiwara S, Hirayama M, Takahashi T, Meguro T, Morita T, Horita S, Niitsu Y: [Undifferentiated pleomorphic sarcoma detected in the descending colon: report of a case]. Nihon Shokakibyo Gakkai Zasshi; 2008 May;105(5):692-8
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] [Undifferentiated pleomorphic sarcoma detected in the descending colon: report of a case].
  • Undifferentiated pleomorphic sarcoma was a well-known tumor that usually involves the soft tissues.
  • Endoscopic examination showed a protruding tumor occupied the lumen of the descending colon.
  • Because of the colon obstruction by the tumor, a left hemicolectomy with en bloc lymph node dissection was performed.
  • Main occupied lesion of the tumor was mesenterium and submucosa, with no epithelial dysplasia.
  • Also, dissemination of the tumor was recognized in the mesenterium and greater omentum.
  • Based on histological and immunohistological studies, the tumor was diagnosed as undifferentiated pleomorphic sarcoma.

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  • (PMID = 18460858.001).
  • [ISSN] 0446-6586
  • [Journal-full-title] Nihon Shokakibyo Gakkai zasshi = The Japanese journal of gastro-enterology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Nihon Shokakibyo Gakkai Zasshi
  • [Language] jpn
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; English Abstract; Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] Japan
  • [Number-of-references] 30
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70. Vaculin S, Franek M, Vejrazka M: Role of oxidative stress in animal model of visceral pain. Neurosci Lett; 2010 Jun 21;477(2):82-5
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  • CRD was caused by insertion of a lubricated latex balloon into the descending colon and rectum followed by inflation to 80mm Hg for 10min.
  • [MeSH-minor] Animals. Antioxidants / pharmacology. Brain / enzymology. Chromans / pharmacology. Colon / pathology. Dilatation, Pathologic / complications. Glutathione Peroxidase / blood. Glutathione Peroxidase / metabolism. Liver / enzymology. Male. Pain Measurement. Rats. Rectum / pathology. Stress, Mechanical. Superoxide Dismutase / blood. Superoxide Dismutase / metabolism

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  • [Copyright] Copyright 2010 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved.
  • (PMID = 20417688.001).
  • [ISSN] 1872-7972
  • [Journal-full-title] Neuroscience letters
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Neurosci. Lett.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] Ireland
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Antioxidants; 0 / Chromans; EC 1.11.1.9 / Glutathione Peroxidase; EC 1.15.1.1 / Superoxide Dismutase; S18UL9710X / 6-hydroxy-2,5,7,8-tetramethylchroman-2-carboxylic acid
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71. Lam AK, Ong K, Ho YH: Aurora kinase expression in colorectal adenocarcinoma: correlations with clinicopathological features, p16 expression, and telomerase activity. Hum Pathol; 2008 Apr;39(4):599-604
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  • Aurora kinase protein expression was more commonly seen in carcinomas in the rectum, sigmoid, and descending colon than in the proximal colon (55% versus 36%, P = .01).
  • The expression of aurora kinase protein was found to be related to the distal location, grade of tumor, p16 expression, and telomerase activity.

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  • (PMID = 18284933.001).
  • [ISSN] 0046-8177
  • [Journal-full-title] Human pathology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Hum. Pathol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Cyclin-Dependent Kinase Inhibitor p16; EC 2.7.11.1 / Aurora Kinases; EC 2.7.11.1 / Protein-Serine-Threonine Kinases; EC 2.7.7.49 / TERT protein, human; EC 2.7.7.49 / Telomerase
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72. Harada K, Hiraoka S, Kato J, Horii J, Fujita H, Sakaguchi K, Shiratori Y: Genetic and epigenetic alterations of Ras signalling pathway in colorectal neoplasia: analysis based on tumour clinicopathological features. Br J Cancer; 2007 Nov 19;97(10):1425-31
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  • [Title] Genetic and epigenetic alterations of Ras signalling pathway in colorectal neoplasia: analysis based on tumour clinicopathological features.
  • However, reports showing differences in the occurrence of these alterations on the basis of tumour characteristics have been scarce.
  • Multivariate analysis revealed that the concomitance of these alterations was frequently observed in serrated adenomas (odds ratio (OR) 11.11; 95% confidence interval (CI) 1.96-63.00), but rarely in adenomas located in the sigmoid or descending colon (OR 0.13; 95% CI 0.03-0.58).
  • A comparison between adenomas and cancers showed a significantly higher prevalence of these alterations in cancers than in adenomas in the proximal colon (58 vs 27%, P=0.02).
  • Frequency and the time point of the occurrence of Ras signalling disorders differ according to colorectal neoplasia's characteristics, particularly the location.
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Aged. Aged, 80 and over. DNA Mutational Analysis. Female. Genes, ras / genetics. Humans. Male. Methylation. Middle Aged. Multivariate Analysis. Mutation. Proteins / metabolism. Proto-Oncogene Proteins B-raf / genetics. Tumor Suppressor Proteins / metabolism

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  • (PMID = 17923875.001).
  • [ISSN] 0007-0920
  • [Journal-full-title] British journal of cancer
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Br. J. Cancer
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Proteins; 0 / RASSF1 protein, human; 0 / RASSF2 protein, human; 0 / Tumor Suppressor Proteins; EC 2.7.11.1 / Proto-Oncogene Proteins B-raf; EC 3.6.5.2 / Proto-Oncogene Proteins p21(ras)
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC2360240
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73. Shaikh AJ, Raza S, Shaikh AA, Idress R, Kumar S, Rasheed YA, Lal A, Masood N: Demographics, pathologic patterns and long-term survival in operable colon cancers: local experience in Pakistan. Asian Pac J Cancer Prev; 2009 Jul-Sep;10(3):361-4
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  • [Title] Demographics, pathologic patterns and long-term survival in operable colon cancers: local experience in Pakistan.
  • BACKGROUND: Colon cancer is a common malignancy with its incidence reportedly rising in Asian countries, including Pakistan.
  • There are no comprehensive data available from Pakistan which focus on associations of various factors with long-term survival of colon cancer.
  • METHODOLOGY: In this retrospective study adult patients with colon cancer diagnosed through 2000-2003 were included.
  • Mean age of diagnosis was 54 years.
  • Of the total, 49.5% of the patients had right sided (mortality rate 51.6%), 10.8% had transverse colon, (mortality rate 37.5%), 7.5% had descending colon (mortality rate 66.7%) and 32.2% had sigmoid colon (mortality rate 40.9%) cancers.
  • Stage I disease on diagnosis was found in 16%, stage II in 42.7 (mortality 40 %) and stage III in 41.3% (mortality 70 %).
  • CONCLUSION: Colon cancer in Pakistan commonly presents at an advanced stage, there is a male preponderance, and relatively mean younger age at presentation for males is seen.
  • Advanced stage and lymph node involvement along with poorly differentiated pathology, signet ring or mucinous morphology, location in descending colon, positive surgical margins and removal of less than twelve lymph nodes are factors associated with poor long term survival.
  • There is a need to reinforce information about colon cancer and larger studies from the region are needed to confirm the factors analyzed here.
  • [MeSH-major] Adenocarcinoma / mortality. Adenocarcinoma / pathology. Colonic Neoplasms / mortality. Colonic Neoplasms / pathology. Neoplasm Recurrence, Local / mortality. Survivors
  • [MeSH-minor] Adolescent. Adult. Aged. Aged, 80 and over. Child. Female. Humans. Lymphatic Metastasis. Male. Middle Aged. Neoplasm Invasiveness. Neoplasm Staging. Pakistan / epidemiology. Prognosis. Retrospective Studies. Survival Rate. Treatment Outcome. Young Adult

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  • (PMID = 19640173.001).
  • [ISSN] 2476-762X
  • [Journal-full-title] Asian Pacific journal of cancer prevention : APJCP
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Asian Pac. J. Cancer Prev.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Thailand
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74. Komuro H, Takahashi MI, Matoba K, Hori T, Hirai M, Gotoh C, Kaneko M: Rare association of severe hypoplasia of the abdominal aorta with imperforate anus, colonic atresia, and choledochal cyst. Pediatr Surg Int; 2006 Mar;22(3):289-92
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  • This patient showed CA in the descending colon and caliber change in the transverse colon mimicking Hirschsprung disease, both of which were thought to be caused by vascular insult to the mesentery due to HAA.
  • [MeSH-major] Abnormalities, Multiple. Anus, Imperforate / diagnosis. Aorta, Abdominal / abnormalities. Aortic Diseases / congenital. Choledochal Cyst / diagnosis. Colon, Descending / abnormalities. Colonic Diseases / congenital
  • [MeSH-minor] Diagnosis, Differential. Digestive System Surgical Procedures / methods. Humans. Infant, Newborn. Male. Vascular Surgical Procedures / methods

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  • (PMID = 16311737.001).
  • [ISSN] 0179-0358
  • [Journal-full-title] Pediatric surgery international
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Pediatr. Surg. Int.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Germany
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75. Freedman PN, Goldberg PA, Fataar AB, Mann MM: A comparison of methods of assessment of scintigraphic colon transit. J Nucl Med Technol; 2006 Jun;34(2):76-81
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  • [Title] A comparison of methods of assessment of scintigraphic colon transit.
  • Seven regions of interest, outlining the ascending colon, hepatic flexure, transverse colon, splenic flexure, descending colon, rectosigmoid, and total abdominal activity at each time point, were drawn on the anterior and posterior images.
  • Colonic transit was assessed in 4 ways: (a) Three independent nuclear medicine physicians visually assessed transit on the analog images and classified subjects into 5 categories of colonic transit (rapid, intermediate, generalized delay, right-sided delay, or left-sided delay). (b) Parametric images were constructed from the percentage activity in each region at each time point. (c) The arrival and clearance times of the activity in the right and left colon were plotted as time-activity curves. (d) The geometric center of the distribution of the activity was calculated and plotted on a graph versus time.
  • The best agreement occurred between the parametric images and the arrival and clearance times of the activity in the right and left colon.
  • [MeSH-major] Colon / radionuclide imaging. Gastrointestinal Transit / physiology. Radionuclide Imaging / methods. Technology Assessment, Biomedical / methods

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  • (PMID = 16751583.001).
  • [ISSN] 0091-4916
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of nuclear medicine technology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Nucl Med Technol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Comparative Study; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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76. Greif F, Aranovich D, Hananel N, Knizhnik M, Belenky A: Intraoperative ultrasound in colorectal surgery. J Clin Ultrasound; 2009 Sep;37(7):375-9
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  • RESULTS: The lesions were situated in the cecum (n = 5), ascending colon (n = 3), transverse colon (n = 4), descending colon (n = 7), and rectum (n = 6).
  • In rectal lesions, IOUS showed clearly the tumor and its margin, which facilitated performance sphincter-sparing procedure.
  • CONCLUSION: In patients with small polyps and early cancers of colon and rectum, IOUS may be effectively used as a sole method of intraoperative localization and provide additional information that may alter decision making with regard to surgical technique.
  • [MeSH-minor] Adenocarcinoma / surgery. Adenocarcinoma / ultrasonography. Aged. Cecum / pathology. Cecum / surgery. Cecum / ultrasonography. Colonoscopy. Early Diagnosis. Female. Humans. Intraoperative Period. Male. Prospective Studies. Ultrasonography, Doppler

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  • [Copyright] (c) 2009 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
  • (PMID = 19479717.001).
  • [ISSN] 1097-0096
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of clinical ultrasound : JCU
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Clin Ultrasound
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Evaluation Studies; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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77. Skobowiat C, Calka J, Wasowicz K, Majewski M: Distribution pattern and chemical coding of neurons of the sympathetic chain ganglia supplying the descending colon in the pig. Acta Vet Hung; 2010 Jun;58(2):189-98
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  • [Title] Distribution pattern and chemical coding of neurons of the sympathetic chain ganglia supplying the descending colon in the pig.
  • Sympathetic chain ganglia (SChG) neurons projecting to the descending colon of the pig were studied by means of retrograde tracing (Fast Blue, FB) and double-labelling immunofluorescence methods.
  • [MeSH-major] Colon, Descending / innervation. Ganglia, Sympathetic / cytology. Neurons / physiology. Swine / anatomy & histology. Swine / physiology

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  • (PMID = 20460218.001).
  • [ISSN] 0236-6290
  • [Journal-full-title] Acta veterinaria Hungarica
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Acta Vet. Hung.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] Hungary
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78. Porpiglia F, Billia M, Volpe A, Morra I, Scarpa RM: Transperitoneal left laparoscopic pyeloplasty with transmesocolic access to the pelvi-ureteric junction: technique description and results with a minimum follow-up of 1 year. BJU Int; 2008 Apr;101(8):1024-8
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  • OBJECTIVES: To describe and evaluate the safety and outcome of transperitoneal left laparoscopic pyeloplasty (TLLP) with a direct approach to the pelvi-ureteric junction (PUJ) through the mesentero-colic space, which avoids mobilization of the descending colon.

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  • (PMID = 18070175.001).
  • [ISSN] 1464-410X
  • [Journal-full-title] BJU international
  • [ISO-abbreviation] BJU Int.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Evaluation Studies; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] England
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79. Ding WX, Yang P, Deng JZ, Cheng LQ, Liao S: [Comparative study of colostomy in the laparoscopic-assisted abdominoperineal resection]. Zhonghua Wei Chang Wai Ke Za Zhi; 2007 Jul;10(4):326-8
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  • Circular stapler anastomosis with sigmoid colon and abdominal skin were applied on 61 cases of the colostomy, and 2 cases were hand sutured.
  • RESULTS: Descending colon, sigmoid colon and rectum were dissected using laparoscopic instruments in 63 cases.
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Aged. Aged, 80 and over. Anal Canal / surgery. Female. Humans. Laparoscopy. Male. Middle Aged. Neoplasm Staging

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  • (PMID = 17659454.001).
  • [ISSN] 1671-0274
  • [Journal-full-title] Zhonghua wei chang wai ke za zhi = Chinese journal of gastrointestinal surgery
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Zhonghua Wei Chang Wai Ke Za Zhi
  • [Language] chi
  • [Publication-type] Comparative Study; English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] China
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80. Hou L, Chatterjee N, Huang WY, Baccarelli A, Yadavalli S, Yeager M, Bresalier RS, Chanock SJ, Caporaso NE, Ji BT, Weissfeld JL, Hayes RB: CYP1A1 Val462 and NQO1 Ser187 polymorphisms, cigarette use, and risk for colorectal adenoma. Carcinogenesis; 2005 Jun;26(6):1122-8
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  • Subjects were 725 non-Hispanic Caucasian cases with advanced colorectal adenoma of the distal colon (descending colon, sigmoid and rectum) and 729 gender- and ethnicity-matched controls, randomly selected from participants in the prostate, lung, colorectal and ovarian cancer screening trial.

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  • (PMID = 15731166.001).
  • [ISSN] 0143-3334
  • [Journal-full-title] Carcinogenesis
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Carcinogenesis
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Chemical-registry-number] EC 1.14.14.1 / Cytochrome P-450 CYP1A1; EC 1.6.5.2 / NAD(P)H Dehydrogenase (Quinone); EC 1.6.5.2 / NQO1 protein, human
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81. Mamiya N, Kono T, Mamiya K, Satomi M, Chisato N, Ebisawa Y: [A case of neurotoxicity reduced with goshajinkigan in modified FOLFOX6 chemotherapy for advanced colon cancer]. Gan To Kagaku Ryoho; 2007 Aug;34(8):1295-7
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  • [Title] [A case of neurotoxicity reduced with goshajinkigan in modified FOLFOX6 chemotherapy for advanced colon cancer].
  • We have applied goshajinkigan (TJ 107) for a case of advanced colon cancer with mFOLFOX 6, and experienced a reduction in numbness, the adverse effect of LOHP.
  • A 57-year-old woman with descending colon cancer (H 1, P 3, Stage IV) underwent hemicolectomy D 2, rt.colectomy, bilateral oophorectomy, cholecystectomy and transverse colonostomy.

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  • (PMID = 17687217.001).
  • [ISSN] 0385-0684
  • [Journal-full-title] Gan to kagaku ryoho. Cancer & chemotherapy
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Gan To Kagaku Ryoho
  • [Language] jpn
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Japan
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Drugs, Chinese Herbal; 0 / Organoplatinum Compounds; 0 / gosha-jinki-gan; Q573I9DVLP / Leucovorin; U3P01618RT / Fluorouracil; Folfox protocol
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82. Pereira RM, Zanatta A, Preti CD, de Paula FJ, da Motta EL, Serafini PC: Should the gynecologist perform laparoscopic bowel resection to treat endometriosis? Results over 7 years in 168 patients. J Minim Invasive Gynecol; 2009 Jul-Aug;16(4):472-9
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  • Lesions were distributed as follows: 133 (79%) in the rectum, 61 (24%) in the sigmoid colon, 47 (19%) in the appendix, 5 (2%) in the terminal ileum, 3 (1%) in the descending colon, and 3 (1%) in the cecum.

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  • (PMID = 19573824.001).
  • [ISSN] 1553-4650
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of minimally invasive gynecology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Minim Invasive Gynecol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Multicenter Study
  • [Publication-country] United States
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83. Kim TO, Lee JH, Kim GH, Heo J, Kang DH, Song GA, Cho M: Adult intussusception caused by cystic lymphangioma of the colon: a rare case report. World J Gastroenterol; 2006 Apr 7;12(13):2130-2
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  • [Title] Adult intussusception caused by cystic lymphangioma of the colon: a rare case report.
  • We experienced a case of intussusception caused by cys- tic lymphangioma of the colon in a 32 years old female who was admitted to our hospital for the chief complaint of bloody stool.
  • In the colonoscopic examination, cystic mass with stalk which had smooth mucosal surface was noted at the descending colon.
  • Abdominal ultrasonography and computed tomography revealed left colon intussusception with a multilocular cystic tumor as a leading point.
  • The pathological diagnosis was cystic lymphangioma of the colon.
  • Although intussusception due to lymphangioma in an adult are rare, it should be taken into consideration that it is possible diagnosis.

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  • (PMID = 16610070.001).
  • [ISSN] 1007-9327
  • [Journal-full-title] World journal of gastroenterology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] World J. Gastroenterol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] China
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC4087698
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84. Halfacree ZJ, Beck AL, Lee KC, Lipscomb VJ: Torsion and volvulus of the transverse and descending colon in a German shepherd dog. J Small Anim Pract; 2006 Aug;47(8):468-70
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  • [Title] Torsion and volvulus of the transverse and descending colon in a German shepherd dog.
  • A 360 degrees anticlockwise rotation of the descending and transverse colon, around the longitudinal axis of the mesocolon, was diagnosed at exploratory coeliotomy.
  • The transverse and descending colon appeared uniformly necrotic and an end-to-end colo-colic resection and anastomosis was performed.

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  • (PMID = 16911117.001).
  • [ISSN] 0022-4510
  • [Journal-full-title] The Journal of small animal practice
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Small Anim Pract
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] England
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85. Secco GB, Ravera G, Gasparo A, Percoco P, Zoli S: Segmental resection, lymph nodes dissection and survival in patients with left colon cancer. Hepatogastroenterology; 2007 Mar;54(74):422-6
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  • [Title] Segmental resection, lymph nodes dissection and survival in patients with left colon cancer.
  • BACKGROUND/AIMS: To evaluate retrospectively in patients who have undergone elective surgery for left colon cancer, if extent of segmental resection may affect postoperative outcome, lymph nodes dissection and long-term survival.
  • METHODOLOGY: With lesion localized at the sigma or descending colon, 129 patients were divided into two groups according to the length of operative specimens: group 1: 73 cases, length 8 to < or =25 cm, who were surgically treated with limited segmental resection; group 2: 56 cases, length >25 to >50 cm, who had undergone extensive segmental resection.
  • CONCLUSIONS: This retrospective study shows that in patients with left colon cancer long-term survival does not seem to be significantly affected by the extent of segmental resection.
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Aged. Colon, Descending / pathology. Colon, Descending / surgery. Disease-Free Survival. Female. Follow-Up Studies. Humans. Lymphatic Metastasis. Male. Middle Aged. Neoplasm Staging. Postoperative Complications / mortality. Proctoscopy. Retrospective Studies. Sigmoid Neoplasms / mortality. Sigmoid Neoplasms / pathology. Sigmoid Neoplasms / surgery

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  • (PMID = 17523288.001).
  • [ISSN] 0172-6390
  • [Journal-full-title] Hepato-gastroenterology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Hepatogastroenterology
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Greece
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86. Nozawa H, Yamada Y, Muto Y, Endo J, Asakage M, Oka T, Furukawa Y, Arai M: Double primary adenocarcinomas of the jejunum and descending colon with lung metastases presenting rare immunohistochemical phenotypes: a case report. Eur J Gastroenterol Hepatol; 2010 Feb;22(2):228-33
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  • [Title] Double primary adenocarcinomas of the jejunum and descending colon with lung metastases presenting rare immunohistochemical phenotypes: a case report.
  • We report a male patient with double advanced tumors in the jejunum and descending colon and multiple lung tumors.
  • Immunoprofiling of the specimens revealed a rare phenotype: the jejunal cancer was positive for cytokeratin (CK) 7, partially positive for CK20, and Cdx-2-negative, whereas the colon cancer was CK7(+), CK20(-), and Cdx-2(-).
  • Biopsied lung tumor was diagnosed as tubular adenocarcinoma, and CK7(+)/CK20(+)/Cdx-2(-).
  • [MeSH-major] Adenocarcinoma / secondary. Biomarkers, Tumor / analysis. Colonic Neoplasms / pathology. Immunohistochemistry. Jejunal Neoplasms / pathology. Lung Neoplasms / secondary. Neoplasms, Multiple Primary

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  • (PMID = 19923997.001).
  • [ISSN] 1473-5687
  • [Journal-full-title] European journal of gastroenterology & hepatology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Eur J Gastroenterol Hepatol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Antineoplastic Agents; 0 / Biomarkers, Tumor; 0 / CDX2 protein, human; 0 / Homeodomain Proteins; 0 / KRT20 protein, human; 0 / KRT7 protein, human; 0 / Keratin-20; 0 / Keratin-7; 0 / Organoplatinum Compounds; 04ZR38536J / oxaliplatin; Q573I9DVLP / Leucovorin; U3P01618RT / Fluorouracil; Folfox protocol
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87. Ono H, Okabe M, Kimura T, Kawakami M, Nakamura K, Danjo Y, Takasugi H, Nishihara H: Colonic metastasis from primary carcinoma of the lung: report of a case and review of Japanese literature. Clin J Gastroenterol; 2009 Apr;2(2):89-95
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  • The patient complained of abdominal pain, and barium enema examination at another hospital had demonstrated a descending colon tumor.
  • Postoperative histopathological and immunohistochemical findings indicated that the tumor was a colonic metastasis of lung cancer.
  • Clinically apparent metastases from lung cancer to the colon are rare, and in the 50 Japanese cases retrospectively investigated here, the prognosis was poor.

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  • (PMID = 26192172.001).
  • [ISSN] 1865-7257
  • [Journal-full-title] Clinical journal of gastroenterology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Clin J Gastroenterol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Japan
  • [Keywords] NOTNLM ; Colonic metastasis / Cytokeratin 20 (CK20) / Cytokeratin 7 (CK7) / Lung cancer / Thyroid transcription factor-1 (TTF-1)
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88. Wang JP, Hou XH: Expression of aquaporin 8 in colonic epithelium with diarrhoea-predominant irritable bowel syndrome. Chin Med J (Engl); 2007 Feb 20;120(4):313-6
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  • BACKGROUND: We analysed and compared the aquaporin 8 (AQP8) expression in ascending and descending colon mucosa between patients with diarrhoea-predominant irritable bowel syndrome (D-IBS) and healthy volunteers, in order to study the relationship between the clinical feature of IBS, the expression of AQP8 and the pathological mechanism of D-IBS.
  • METHODS: Specimens were taken from the proximal ascending colon or distal descending colon of D-IBS patients (n = 26) and healthy volunteers (n = 30), and AQP8 mRNA expression of each specimen was determined by fluorescent quantitative reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (FQ-RT-PCR).
  • In patients with D-IBS, the relationship was analysed between AQP8 expression in both ascending and descending colons and clinical features including gender, age of onset, duration of illness, frequency of defecation, and stool characteristics.
  • RESULTS: Although AQP8 was present in the epithelium of the ascending and descending colons in healthy persons and D-IBS patients, the AQP8 level of the D-IBS patients was significantly lower than that of the healthy persons (P < 0.01 in the ascending colon, P < 0.05 in the descending colon).
  • AQP8 expression was not correlated with the age of patients with D-IBS (P > 0.05 both in the ascending and descending colons) or the age at the onset (P > 0.05 both in the ascending and descending colons), but closely with the duration of illness (P < 0.05 in the ascending colon, P < 0.01 in the descending colon), frequency of defecation (P < 0.01 in the ascending colon, P < 0.05 in the descending colon) and stool characteristics (P < 0.01 in the ascending colon, P > 0.05 in the descending colon).
  • [MeSH-major] Aquaporins / genetics. Colon / metabolism. Irritable Bowel Syndrome / metabolism

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  • (PMID = 17374283.001).
  • [ISSN] 0366-6999
  • [Journal-full-title] Chinese medical journal
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Chin. Med. J.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] China
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Aquaporins; 0 / RNA, Messenger; 0 / aquaporin 8
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89. Csillag C, Nielsen OH, Vainer B, Olsen J, Dieckgraefe BK, Hendel J, Vind I, Dupuy C, Nielsen FC, Borup R: Expression of the genes dual oxidase 2, lipocalin 2 and regenerating islet-derived 1 alpha in Crohn's disease. Scand J Gastroenterol; 2007 Apr;42(4):454-63
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  • MATERIAL AND METHODS: Tissue specimens from macroscopically non-inflamed descending colon were obtained colonoscopically from 33 CD patients and from 17 control subjects.
  • [MeSH-minor] Adolescent. Adult. Aged. Colon, Descending / metabolism. Female. Gene Expression Profiling. Humans. Immunohistochemistry. Intestinal Mucosa / metabolism. Lipocalins. Male. Middle Aged. Oligonucleotide Array Sequence Analysis. Reverse Transcriptase Polymerase Chain Reaction. Up-Regulation

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  • (PMID = 17454855.001).
  • [ISSN] 0036-5521
  • [Journal-full-title] Scandinavian journal of gastroenterology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Scand. J. Gastroenterol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Grant] United States / NIDDK NIH HHS / DK / DK 52574; United States / NIDDK NIH HHS / DK / DK 60106
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] Norway
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Acute-Phase Proteins; 0 / Flavoproteins; 0 / LCN2 protein, human; 0 / Lipocalins; 0 / Lithostathine; 0 / Proto-Oncogene Proteins; 0 / REG1A protein, human; EC 1.6.3.1 / DUOX1 protein, human; EC 1.6.3.1 / NADPH Oxidase
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90. Sorge JP, Harmon CR, Sherman SM, Baillie EE: A data management approach to quality assurance using colorectal carcinoma reports from two institutions as a model. Am J Clin Pathol; 2005 Jul;124(1):83-8
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  • Data were retrieved from 2 disparate anatomic pathology information systems for all cases of colorectal carcinoma in 2003 involving the ascending and descending colon.

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  • (PMID = 15923173.001).
  • [ISSN] 0002-9173
  • [Journal-full-title] American journal of clinical pathology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Am. J. Clin. Pathol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Comparative Study; Journal Article; Multicenter Study; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] United States
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91. Kudo T, Matsumoto T, Nakamichi I, Yada S, Esaki M, Jo Y, Ohji Y, Yao T, Iida M: Recombinant human granulocyte colony-stimulating factor reduces colonic epithelial cell apoptosis and ameliorates murine dextran sulfate sodium-induced colitis. Scand J Gastroenterol; 2008;43(6):689-97
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  • Tissue specimens from the transverse colon, descending colon and rectum were obtained and stained with hematoxylin and eosin.
  • RESULTS: Treatment with rhG-CSF significantly attenuated body-weight loss, stool score and shortening of the colon length in comparison with treatment with PBS (p<0.01,<0.05,<0.01, respectively).
  • [MeSH-major] Apoptosis / drug effects. Colitis / pathology. Colon / pathology. Granulocyte Colony-Stimulating Factor / pharmacology. Intestinal Mucosa / pathology

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  • (PMID = 18569986.001).
  • [ISSN] 1502-7708
  • [Journal-full-title] Scandinavian journal of gastroenterology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Scand. J. Gastroenterol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Norway
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Recombinant Proteins; 143011-72-7 / Granulocyte Colony-Stimulating Factor; 9042-14-2 / Dextran Sulfate
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92. Briere CA, Hosgood G, Morgan TW, Hedlund CS, Hicks M, McConnico RS: Effects of carprofen on the integrity and barrier function of canine colonic mucosa. Am J Vet Res; 2008 Feb;69(2):174-81
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  • Procedures-Sections of mucosa from the transverse colon and proximal and distal portions of the descending colon were obtained immediately after dogs were euthanized.
  • RESULTS: Carprofen significantly increased mean conductance X time, compared with values for control (untreated) sections for all regions of colon.
  • Carprofen significantly increased mean flux of mannitol from period 1 to period 2 and from period 2 to period 3 for all regions of colon.
  • [MeSH-major] Anti-Inflammatory Agents, Non-Steroidal / pharmacology. Carbazoles / pharmacology. Colon / drug effects. Intestinal Mucosa / drug effects

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  • (PMID = 18241012.001).
  • [ISSN] 0002-9645
  • [Journal-full-title] American journal of veterinary research
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Am. J. Vet. Res.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Anti-Inflammatory Agents, Non-Steroidal; 0 / Carbazoles; 3OWL53L36A / Mannitol; FFL0D546HO / carprofen
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93. Posma LA, Bleichrodt RP, van Goor H, Hendriks T: Transient profound mesenteric ischemia strongly affects the strength of intestinal anastomoses in the rat. Dis Colon Rectum; 2007 Jul;50(7):1070-9
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  • Immediately after declamping, anastomoses were constructed in both terminal ileum and descending colon.
  • In the colon, at Day 3 the bursting pressure was 35 percent lower in the ischemic group than in the control group (P<0.05).
  • [MeSH-major] Colon / surgery. Ileum / surgery. Mesentery / blood supply. Reperfusion Injury / pathology

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  • (PMID = 17205202.001).
  • [ISSN] 0012-3706
  • [Journal-full-title] Diseases of the colon and rectum
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Dis. Colon Rectum
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] EC 1.11.1.7 / Peroxidase; EC 3.4.24.- / Gelatinases; RMB44WO89X / Hydroxyproline
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94. Gutmann H, Hruz P, Zimmermann C, Beglinger C, Drewe J: Distribution of breast cancer resistance protein (BCRP/ABCG2) mRNA expression along the human GI tract. Biochem Pharmacol; 2005 Sep 01;70(5):695-9
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  • Biopsies were taken from different gut segments (duodenum, terminal ileum and ascending, transverse, descending and sigmoid colon).
  • BCRP mRNA expression was maximal in the duodenum and decreased continuously down to the rectum (terminal ileum 93.7%, ascending colon 75.8%, transverse colon 66.6%, descending colon 62.8%, and sigmoid colon 50.1% compared to duodenum, respectively).
  • [MeSH-major] ATP-Binding Cassette Transporters / genetics. Gastrointestinal Tract / metabolism. Neoplasm Proteins / genetics. RNA, Messenger / analysis

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  • (PMID = 15998509.001).
  • [ISSN] 0006-2952
  • [Journal-full-title] Biochemical pharmacology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Biochem. Pharmacol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / ABCG2 protein, human; 0 / ATP Binding Cassette Transporter, Sub-Family G, Member 2; 0 / ATP-Binding Cassette Transporters; 0 / Neoplasm Proteins; 0 / RNA, Messenger
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95. Buhmann S, Kirchhoff C, Wielage C, Mussack T, Reiser MF, Lienemann A: Assessment of large bowel motility by cine magnetic resonance imaging using two different prokinetic agents: a feasibility study. Invest Radiol; 2005 Nov;40(11):689-94
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  • The protocol consisted of 2 sets of repeated measurements using coronal T2-weighted HASTE sequences, adjusted to the course of the colon.
  • For the assessment of large bowel motility, the changes of the luminal diameter were measured at 5 defined locations in the ascending, transverse, and descending colon.
  • RESULTS: In all examined volunteers after senna tea, the mean number of significant changes in the ascending colon was 8.6 and after erythromycin, 7.2.
  • In the transverse colon, 9.6 diameters changed significantly for senna tea and 7.2 for erythromycin.
  • In the descending colon, 6.6 diameters changed after senna tea and 7.2 after erythromycin.
  • [MeSH-major] Colon / physiology. Gastrointestinal Motility / physiology. Magnetic Resonance Imaging, Cine

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  • (PMID = 16230900.001).
  • [ISSN] 0020-9996
  • [Journal-full-title] Investigative radiology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Invest Radiol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Evaluation Studies; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Cathartics; 0 / Gastrointestinal Agents; 63937KV33D / Erythromycin; 8013-11-4 / Senna Extract
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96. Kim H, Kim SH, Choi SY, Lee KH, Won JY, Lee DY, Lee JT: Fluoroscopically guided placement of self-expandable metallic stents and stent-grafts in the treatment of acute malignant colorectal obstruction. J Vasc Interv Radiol; 2008 Dec;19(12):1709-16
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  • The obstruction was located in the rectum (n = 8), sigmoid (n = 17), descending colon (n = 8), splenic flexure (n = 3), and transverse colon (n = 6).
  • CONCLUSIONS: Fluoroscopically guided placement of self-expandable metallic stents and stent-grafts for the relief of acute malignant colorectal obstruction was technically feasible without endoscopic assistance-even in lesions proximal to the splenic flexure and transverse colon-and clinically effective in both bridge to surgery and palliative management.


97. Kobayashi H, Yamataka A, Lane GJ, Miyano T: Disseminated mixed intestinal dysmotility (DMID): a new intestinal ganglion cell disorder? Pediatr Surg Int; 2005 Nov;21(11):883-8
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  • [Title] Disseminated mixed intestinal dysmotility (DMID): a new intestinal ganglion cell disorder?
  • We experienced two cases with disseminated HP and IND occurring with normal bowel in between (disseminated mixed intestinal dysmotility--DMID) and postulate whether it could be classified as a new intestinal motility disorder.
  • On barium enema, both had rigid distal ileum and colon with narrow lumens, with dilated and atonic proximal ileum and jejunum.
  • In each case, three 10 cm specimens were obtained randomly from the jejunum and ileum, and two 5 cm specimens were obtained randomly from each of the ascending colon, transverse colon, descending colon, and rectum and treated with hematoxylin and eosin (H & E) staining, acetylcholine esterase (AchE) histochemistry, and protein gene product 9.5 (PGP9.5) and neural cell adhesion molecule (NCAM) immunohistochemistry for histopathologic assessment.
  • This is the first report about disseminated IND and HP occurring with normal bowel in between (DMID) and we suggest it should be classified as a new intestinal motility disorder.

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  • (PMID = 16133513.001).
  • [ISSN] 0179-0358
  • [Journal-full-title] Pediatric surgery international
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Pediatr. Surg. Int.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Germany
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Neural Cell Adhesion Molecules
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98. Lee JH, Ross WA, Davila R, Chang G, Lin E, Dekovich A, Davila M: Self-expandable metal stents (SEMS) can serve as a bridge to surgery or as a definitive therapy in patients with an advanced stage of cancer: clinical experience of a tertiary cancer center. Dig Dis Sci; 2010 Dec;55(12):3530-6
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  • BACKGROUND: Self-expandable metal stents (SEMS) can be used to relieve benign and malignant colorectal obstruction.
  • The locations of the obstruction were as follows: two in the ascending colon, one in the hepatic flexure, three in the transverse colon, two in the splenic flexure, two in the descending colon, 26 in the sigmoid colon, and ten in the rectum.
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Aged. Aged, 80 and over. Colon, Sigmoid / pathology. Colorectal Neoplasms / complications. Colorectal Neoplasms / pathology. Constriction, Pathologic. Female. Fluoroscopy. Foreign-Body Migration / epidemiology. Humans. Male. Middle Aged. Neoplasm Staging. Palliative Care. Prosthesis Design. Retrospective Studies. Young Adult

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  • (PMID = 20721627.001).
  • [ISSN] 1573-2568
  • [Journal-full-title] Digestive diseases and sciences
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Dig. Dis. Sci.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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99. Chung YW, Han DS, Park YK, Son BK, Paik CH, Jeon YC, Sohn JH: Risk of advanced proximal adenoma and cancer according to rectosigmoid findings in the Korean population. Dig Dis Sci; 2006 Dec;51(12):2206-12
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  • Sigmoidoscopy is simpler, faster, and better tolerable than total colonoscopy, but the scope cannot reach the proximal colon segment and, therefore, may miss proximal colon cancer.
  • In the present study, we intended to investigate the prevalence of proximal adenoma and cancer according to the findings in rectosigmoid colon and to find their risk factors.
  • The sites of neoplasms were defined as rectosigmoid (rectum and sigmoid colon) and proximal (from cecum to descending colon) colon.
  • On the other hand, the prevalence of proximal colon cancer did not show such a tendency.
  • Among the 131 patients with proximal advanced adenoma, 66% had no neoplasm in the rectosigmoid colon.
  • Moreover, among the 27 patients with proximal cancer, 52% had no neoplasm in the rectosigmoid colon.
  • Multivariate logistic regression analysis revealed that age, gender, and advanced rectosigmoid adenoma were the risk factors of advanced proximal adenoma, but nothing was associated with the risk for proximal colon cancer.
  • However, nothing is related to the risk for proximal colon cancer.
  • [MeSH-major] Adenoma / diagnosis. Colonic Neoplasms / diagnosis. Colonoscopy. Sigmoid Neoplasms / diagnosis. Sigmoidoscopy

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  • (PMID = 17089187.001).
  • [ISSN] 0163-2116
  • [Journal-full-title] Digestive diseases and sciences
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Dig. Dis. Sci.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Comparative Study; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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100. Bouchoucha M, Devroede G, Faye A, Le Toumelin P, Arhan P, Arsac M: Colonic response to food in constipation. Int J Colorectal Dis; 2006 Dec;21(8):826-33
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  • When the delay was found mainly in the ascending colon, the group was labeled as suffering from "colonic inertia".
  • In "hindgut dysfunction", the delay was predominantly found in the descending colon, whereas the term "outlet obstruction" was reserved for constipated patients whose major site of delay was the rectosigmoid area.
  • RESULTS: Emptying of the caecum-ascending colon and filling of the rectosigmoid area characterize the colonic response to food in healthy subjects.
  • Constipated patients also filled the rectosigmoid, but different patterns were found in the colon.
  • The hindgut dysfunction group emptied the entire left colon but failed to empty the caecum and ascending colon.
  • [MeSH-major] Colon / physiopathology. Constipation / physiopathology. Food

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  • (PMID = 15968522.001).
  • [ISSN] 0179-1958
  • [Journal-full-title] International journal of colorectal disease
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Int J Colorectal Dis
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Germany
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