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1. Hobley J, Lengerich EJ, Lindsay Ii JA, McGarrity TJ: Disparities Between Blacks and Whites in Stage at Diagnosis, Incidence, and Anatomic Subsite of Colorectal Cancer. Gastroenterol Hepatol (N Y); 2006 Jul;2(7):498-502

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Disparities Between Blacks and Whites in Stage at Diagnosis, Incidence, and Anatomic Subsite of Colorectal Cancer.
  • <b><i>Objective</i></b> To determine the magnitude and direction of temporal change in black/white disparity, by anatomic subsites of the colon and rectum.
  • The percentage of cases in the cecum, transverse colon, splenic flexure, descending colon, sigmoid colon, rectum, and recto-sigmoid diagnosed at a late stage was larger among blacks than among whites.
  • The disparity in the percentage of cases diagnosed at a late stage in the colon and rectum, transverse colon, and descending colon increased during the study period (<i>P</i><.05).
  • Incidence for segments of the proximal colon tended to be higher among blacks than among whites.
  • The disparity in the incidence in the transverse colon increased during the study period (<i>P</i>=.021), while the increase in the disparity in the appendix approached statistical significance (<i>P</i>=.051).
  • The disparity in the percentage of cases diagnosed at a late stage and incidence for the transverse colon also increased.

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  • (PMID = 28289352.001).
  • [ISSN] 1554-7914
  • [Journal-full-title] Gastroenterology & hepatology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Gastroenterol Hepatol (N Y)
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Keywords] NOTNLM ; Disparity / colorectal cancer / morbidity / mortality
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2. Park JM, Lee CS, Kim MS, Kim DY, Kim CY, Lim YB, Lee YK, Park DE, Lee DH: Penetration of the descending colon by a migrating intrauterine contraceptive device. J Korean Soc Coloproctol; 2010 Dec;26(6):433-6

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Penetration of the descending colon by a migrating intrauterine contraceptive device.
  • The abdominal X-ray, computed tomography and colonoscopy revealed that the IUD had penetrated into the descending colon.
  • Thus, we report a case in which a previously inserted IUD had penetrated into the descending colon and was surgically removed.

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  • [Cites] Contraception. 1997 Nov;56(5):337-9 [9437564.001]
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  • (PMID = 21221246.001).
  • [ISSN] 2093-7830
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of the Korean Society of Coloproctology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Korean Soc Coloproctol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Korea (South)
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC3017981
  • [Keywords] NOTNLM ; Colon perforation / Foreign bodies / Intrauterine contraceptive device
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3. Sugauara EY, Sant'Ana Dde M, Almeida EC, Reis AB, Silva AV, Araújo EJ: Alterations of the myenteric plexus of the ileum and the descending colon caused by Toxoplasma gondii (genotype III). Arq Neuropsiquiatr; 2008 Sep;66(3A):516-23

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Alterations of the myenteric plexus of the ileum and the descending colon caused by Toxoplasma gondii (genotype III).
  • Alterations caused by a genotype III strain of Toxoplasma gondii were assessed with respect to the number and the morphometry of the myenteric neurons in the terminal ileum and the descending colon.
  • The neurons atrophied in the terminal ileum as the opposite occurred with the neurons at the descending colon during the chronic phase of infection.
  • For the descending colon, the neurons became hypertrophic during the chronic infection in opposition to the atrophy found during the acute phase.
  • [MeSH-minor] Animals. Colon, Descending / parasitology. Colon, Descending / pathology. Disease Models, Animal. Genotype. Intestinal Diseases. Male. Rats. Rats, Wistar. Statistics, Nonparametric

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  • (PMID = 18813711.001).
  • [ISSN] 0004-282X
  • [Journal-full-title] Arquivos de neuro-psiquiatria
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Arq Neuropsiquiatr
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] Brazil
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4. Han KS, Choi GS, Park JS, Kim HJ, Park SY, Jun SH: Short-term Outcomes of a Laparoscopic Left Hemicolectomy for Descending Colon Cancer: Retrospective Comparison with an Open Left Hemicolectomy. J Korean Soc Coloproctol; 2010 Oct;26(5):347-53

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Short-term Outcomes of a Laparoscopic Left Hemicolectomy for Descending Colon Cancer: Retrospective Comparison with an Open Left Hemicolectomy.
  • PURPOSE: Many randomized clinical trials have been performed to treat a colorectal neoplasm with the exclusion of descending colon cancer.
  • The aim of the present study was to investigate the difference in surgical outcomes between a laparoscopic left hemicolectomy and a conventional open left hemicolectomy for descending colon cancer.
  • METHODS: A retrospective study of ninety patients with descending colon cancer, who underwent a laparoscopic (LAP) or open left hemicolectomy (OS) between May 1998 and December 2009 at Kyungpook National University Hospital, was performed.
  • Clinicopathological and surgical outcomes were compared between the LAP and the OS for descending colon cancer.
  • RESULTS: The baseline characteristics, including age, gender, body mass index, history of prior abdominal surgical history and tumor location, were similar between the two groups.
  • CONCLUSION: A laparoscopic left hemicolectomy is a technically safe and feasible procedure for treating descending colon cancer.
  • Prospective multi-center trials are necessary to establish the LAP as the standard treatment for descending colon cancer.

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  • (PMID = 21152138.001).
  • [ISSN] 2093-7830
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of the Korean Society of Coloproctology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Korean Soc Coloproctol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Korea (South)
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC2998025
  • [Keywords] NOTNLM ; Descending colon cancer / Laparoscopy / Left hemicolectomy / Surgical outcomes
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5. Cha JM, Lee JI, Joo KR, Choe JW, Jung SW, Shin HP, Lim SJ: Granular cell tumor of the descending colon treated by endoscopic mucosal resection: a case report and review of the literature. J Korean Med Sci; 2009 Apr;24(2):337-41

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Granular cell tumor of the descending colon treated by endoscopic mucosal resection: a case report and review of the literature.
  • Here we describe the case of a 41-yr-old man with a GCT in the descending colon that was detected after a screening colonoscopy.
  • Endoscopic examination revealed a yellowish submucosal tumor, 13x12 mm in diameter, in the descending colon.
  • Endoscopic mucosal resection (EMR) followed by histological examination revealed that the tumor was composed of plump histiocyte-like cells with an abundant granular eosinophilic cytoplasm and small round nuclei.
  • The tumor cells expressed S-100 protein and stained with periodic acid-Schiff, but were negative for desmin and cytokeratin.
  • The resected tumor was diagnosed as a GCT.
  • Colonoscopists should consider the possibility of GCT in the differential diagnosis of yellowish submucosal tumors of the colon.
  • In such patients, EMR seems to be a feasible and safe approach for diagnosis and treatment.
  • [MeSH-major] Colon, Descending. Colonic Neoplasms / pathology. Granular Cell Tumor / pathology
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Colonoscopy. Diagnosis, Differential. Humans. Male. S100 Proteins / metabolism

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  • (PMID = 19399282.001).
  • [ISSN] 1598-6357
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of Korean medical science
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Korean Med. Sci.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] Korea (South)
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / S100 Proteins
  • [Number-of-references] 27
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC2672140
  • [Keywords] NOTNLM ; Colon / Endoscopic Mucosal Resection / Granular Cell Tumor / Neoplasms / Submucosal Tumor
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6. Fukuda S, Mikami T, Shimoyama T, Hanabata N, Iwamura H, Munakata A: Withdrawing method of the stiffening tube incidentally inserted into the descending colon. World J Gastroenterol; 2005 Sep 14;11(34):5390-1
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Withdrawing method of the stiffening tube incidentally inserted into the descending colon.
  • We used stiffening tube to insert the scope to the proximal colon because of her redundant sigmoid colon.
  • [MeSH-major] Colon, Descending. Colonoscopes / adverse effects. Colonoscopy / adverse effects. Foreign Bodies / therapy
  • [MeSH-minor] Aged. Colon, Sigmoid. Female. Humans

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  • (PMID = 16149153.001).
  • [ISSN] 1007-9327
  • [Journal-full-title] World journal of gastroenterology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] World J. Gastroenterol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] China
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC4622816
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7. Jiang L, Jiang LS, Li FY, Ye H, Li N, Cheng NS, Zhou Y: Giant submucosal lipoma located in the descending colon: a case report and review of the literature. World J Gastroenterol; 2007 Nov 14;13(42):5664-7

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Giant submucosal lipoma located in the descending colon: a case report and review of the literature.
  • Colonic lipoma is an uncommon tumor of the gastrointestinal tract.
  • Most cases are asymptomatic, with a small tumor size, and do not need any special treatment.
  • The exact diagnosis of this special case was accomplished by intraoperative pathology.
  • In addition, intraoperative pathology should be investigated in those doubtful cases, so as to guide the exact diagnosis and treatment plan.
  • [MeSH-major] Colon, Descending / pathology. Colonic Neoplasms / pathology. Lipoma / pathology

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  • (PMID = 17948945.001).
  • [ISSN] 1007-9327
  • [Journal-full-title] World journal of gastroenterology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] World J. Gastroenterol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] China
  • [Number-of-references] 17
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC4172750
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8. Prange T, Holcombe SJ, Brown JA, Dechant JE, Fubini SL, Embertson RM, Peroni J, Rakestraw PC, Hauptman JG: Resection and anastomosis of the descending colon in 43 horses. Vet Surg; 2010 Aug;39(6):748-53
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Resection and anastomosis of the descending colon in 43 horses.
  • OBJECTIVES: To determine (1) the short- (to hospital discharge) and long- (>6 months) term survival, (2) factors associated with short-term survival, and (3) the perioperative course for horses with resection and anastomosis of the descending colon.
  • ANIMALS: Horses (n=43) that had descending colon resection and anastomosis.
  • METHODS: Medical records (January 1995-June 2009) of 7 equine referral hospitals were reviewed for horses that had descending colon resection and anastomosis and were recovered from anesthesia.
  • CONCLUSIONS: Descending colon resection and anastomosis has a favorable prognosis for hospital discharge and survival > or =6 months.
  • The most common cause of small colon incarceration was strangulating lipoma.
  • CLINICAL RELEVANCE: Complications include postoperative fever and diarrhea but the prognosis is good after small colon resection and anastomosis.

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  • (PMID = 20459485.001).
  • [ISSN] 1532-950X
  • [Journal-full-title] Veterinary surgery : VS
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Vet Surg
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Multicenter Study
  • [Publication-country] United States
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9. Kanazawa M, Hamaguchi T, Watanabe S, Terui T, Mine H, Kano M, Fukudo S: Site-specific differences in central processing of visceral stimuli from the rectum and the descending colon in men. Neurogastroenterol Motil; 2010 Feb;22(2):173-80, e53
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Site-specific differences in central processing of visceral stimuli from the rectum and the descending colon in men.
  • The aim of this study was to determine possible site-specific differences in brain responses and perceptions during visceral stimulation of two different sites, the intraluminal distentions of the rectum and descending colon.
  • METHODS: Regional cerebral blood flow was assessed in 32 healthy right-handed male subjects using H(2)(15)O positron emission tomography during distention of the rectum (R group, n = 16) or descending colon (DC group, n = 16) at 40 or 20 mmHg.
  • CONCLUSIONS & INFERENCES: These findings suggest that central projections of painful visceral stimulation from the rectum and descending colon differ in affective, cognitive and nociceptive processing in the brain, which may result in different perceptions of visceral stimulation from different sites.
  • [MeSH-major] Brain / physiology. Colon, Descending / physiology. Rectum / physiology. Visceral Afferents / physiology

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  • (PMID = 19825012.001).
  • [ISSN] 1365-2982
  • [Journal-full-title] Neurogastroenterology and motility : the official journal of the European Gastrointestinal Motility Society
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Neurogastroenterol. Motil.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] England
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10. Oomori S, Miura T, Sakuma T: [A case of intussusception caused by descending colon cancer in a very elderly patient, lacking in abdominal symptoms]. Nihon Shokakibyo Gakkai Zasshi; 2008 Jul;105(7):1044-8

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] [A case of intussusception caused by descending colon cancer in a very elderly patient, lacking in abdominal symptoms].
  • CT and ultrasonography showed the specific multiplex layer configuration at the anal side of the descending colon.
  • Colonoscopy showed a round tumor occupying the lumen and a consecutive gastrografin enema showed a crab-claw-like area without filling in the descending colon.
  • Intussusception of the colon was diagnosed and partial resection of the descending colon was performed, but without relief of intussusception.
  • The tumor was histologically diagnosed as mucinous adenocarcinoma.
  • By various factors, incomplete fixation between the retroperitoneum and the descending colon might result in the present condition.

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  • (PMID = 18603849.001).
  • [ISSN] 0446-6586
  • [Journal-full-title] Nihon Shokakibyo Gakkai zasshi = The Japanese journal of gastro-enterology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Nihon Shokakibyo Gakkai Zasshi
  • [Language] jpn
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; English Abstract; Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] Japan
  • [Number-of-references] 12
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11. Losnegård A, Hysing LB, Muren LP, Hodneland E, Lundervold A: Semi-automated segmentation of the sigmoid and descending colon for radiotherapy planning using the fast marching method. Phys Med Biol; 2010 Sep 21;55(18):5569-84
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  • [Title] Semi-automated segmentation of the sigmoid and descending colon for radiotherapy planning using the fast marching method.
  • A fast and accurate segmentation of organs at risk, such as the healthy colon, would be of benefit for planning of radiotherapy, in particular in an adaptive scenario.
  • For the treatment of pelvic tumours, a great challenge is the segmentation of the most adjacent and sensitive parts of the gastrointestinal tract, the sigmoid and descending colon.
  • The core part of our method separates the sigmoid and descending colon from the muscles and other segments of the intestine.
  • This is done by utilizing the ability of the FM method to compute a specified minimal energy functional integrated along a path, and thereby extracting the colon centre line between user-defined control points in the sigmoid and descending colon.
  • Further, we reconstruct the tube-shaped geometry of the sigmoid and descending colon by fitting ellipsoids to points on the path and by adding adjacent voxels that are likely voxels belonging to these bowel parts.
  • Our results were compared to manually outlined sigmoid and descending colon, and evaluated using the Dice coefficient (DC).
  • We conclude that the proposed method makes it possible to fast and accurately segment the sigmoid and descending colon from routine CT image data.
  • [MeSH-major] Colon, Descending / radiography. Colon, Sigmoid / radiography. Image Processing, Computer-Assisted / methods. Organs at Risk / radiography. Radiotherapy Planning, Computer-Assisted / methods. Tomography, X-Ray Computed / methods

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  • (PMID = 20808031.001).
  • [ISSN] 1361-6560
  • [Journal-full-title] Physics in medicine and biology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Phys Med Biol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] England
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12. Dorofeeva AA, Panteleev SS, Makarov FN: Involvement of the sacral parasympathetic nucleus in the innervation of the descending colon and rectum in cats. Neurosci Behav Physiol; 2009 Feb;39(2):207-10

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  • [Title] Involvement of the sacral parasympathetic nucleus in the innervation of the descending colon and rectum in cats.
  • Studies in anesthetized (urethane, 1.5 g/kg, i.p.) cats using retrograde transport of horseradish peroxidase addressed the locations and morphometric characteristics of neurons in the sacral parasympathetic nucleus of the spinal cord innervating the descending colon and rectum.
  • [MeSH-major] Colon / innervation. Ganglia, Parasympathetic / physiology. Spinal Cord / physiology

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  • (PMID = 19142736.001).
  • [ISSN] 0097-0549
  • [Journal-full-title] Neuroscience and behavioral physiology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Neurosci. Behav. Physiol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] EC 1.11.1.- / Horseradish Peroxidase
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13. Wang FY, Zhu RM, Maemura K, Hirata I, Katsu K, Watanabe M: Expression of gamma-aminobutyric acid and glutamic acid decarboxylases in rat descending colon and their relation to epithelial differentiation. Chin J Dig Dis; 2006;7(2):103-8
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Expression of gamma-aminobutyric acid and glutamic acid decarboxylases in rat descending colon and their relation to epithelial differentiation.
  • OBJECTIVE: To detect the expression of gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA) and glutamic acid decarboxylases (GADs; including two isoforms GAD65 and GAD67) in the epithelial growth zones of the descending colon in rats, and to investigate their relation to epithelial differentiation and proliferation.
  • METHODS: The expression of GABA and GADs in rat descending colon was investigated by immunofluorescent staining and confocal laser scanning techniques, and goblet cells were further investigated by wheat-germ agglutinin histochemistry.
  • RESULTS: Immunoreactive GABA and GADs were distributed in the upper third of the crypts and at the luminal surface in the rat descending colon.
  • GAD65 and GAD67 mRNAs were identified in homogenates of rat descending colon.
  • CONCLUSIONS: The expression of GABA and GADs in the maturation and function zones of rat descending colon suggests that GABA may be involved in the differentiation of colonic epithelial cells.
  • [MeSH-major] Colon, Descending / metabolism. Glutamate Decarboxylase / biosynthesis. Intestinal Mucosa / metabolism. gamma-Aminobutyric Acid / biosynthesis

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  • (PMID = 16643338.001).
  • [ISSN] 1443-9611
  • [Journal-full-title] Chinese journal of digestive diseases
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Chin J Dig Dis
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Comparative Study; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] Australia
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Lectins; 0 / Proliferating Cell Nuclear Antigen; 0 / RNA, Messenger; 56-12-2 / gamma-Aminobutyric Acid; EC 4.1.1.15 / Glutamate Decarboxylase
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14. Ng SS, Yiu RY, Li JC, Chan CK, Ng CF, Lau JY: Endolaparoscopic left hemicolectomy and synchronous laparoscopic radical nephrectomy for obstructive carcinoma of the descending colon and renal cell carcinoma. J Laparoendosc Adv Surg Tech A; 2006 Jun;16(3):297-300
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Endolaparoscopic left hemicolectomy and synchronous laparoscopic radical nephrectomy for obstructive carcinoma of the descending colon and renal cell carcinoma.
  • We present a case of obstructive carcinoma of the descending colon successfully treated with endoscopic decompression with colorectal SEMS.
  • To the best of our knowledge, this is the first report of endolaparoscopic left hemicolectomy and synchronous laparoscopic radical nephrectomy for obstructive carcinoma of the descending colon and renal cell carcinoma.

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  • (PMID = 16796445.001).
  • [ISSN] 1092-6429
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of laparoendoscopic & advanced surgical techniques. Part A
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Laparoendosc Adv Surg Tech A
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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15. Dorofeeva AA, Panteleev SS, Makarov FN: [Participation of sacral parasympathetic nucleus in the innervation of the descending colon and the rectum in cats]. Morfologiia; 2008;133(1):38-41

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] [Participation of sacral parasympathetic nucleus in the innervation of the descending colon and the rectum in cats].
  • The localization and morphometric features of the preganglionic neurons of the spinal sacral parasympathetic nucleus innervating the descending colon and the rectum, were studied in cats, anesthetized with urethane (1.5 g/kg intraperitoneally) using the method of retrograde horseradish peroxidase transport.
  • The solution of the marker was injected under the serosa of the indicated areas of the colon.
  • It was demonstrated that the indicated areas of the colon were innervated by the neurons of the sacral parasympathetic nucleus, located in SI, SII and SIII segments of the spinal cord.
  • The neurons of this nucleus, which innervated the indicated areas of the colon, formed two longitudinal groups (lateral and dorsal ones), the cells in which differed by their sizes and longitudinal axis orientation.
  • [MeSH-major] Colon / innervation. Ganglia, Parasympathetic / physiology. Rectum / innervation. Spinal Cord / physiology

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  • (PMID = 19069413.001).
  • [ISSN] 1026-3543
  • [Journal-full-title] Morfologii︠a︡ (Saint Petersburg, Russia)
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Morfologiia
  • [Language] rus
  • [Publication-type] English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Russia (Federation)
  • [Chemical-registry-number] EC 1.11.1.- / Horseradish Peroxidase
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16. Zambito Y, Baggiani A, Carelli V, Serafini MF, Di Colo G: Matrices for site-specific controlled-delivery of 5-fluorouracil to descending colon. J Control Release; 2005 Feb 16;102(3):669-77
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Matrices for site-specific controlled-delivery of 5-fluorouracil to descending colon.
  • Colon-specific controlled-delivery 5-fluorouracil (5-FU) matrices for the treatment of colorectal carcinoma were prepared and evaluated.
  • There, drug release should be prevented until matrices reach descending colon where release should occur.
  • When transit of coated matrix through ileum (phosphate buffer (PB) pH 7.4), ascending colon (PB pH 6 containing rat cecal contents) and descending colon (PB pH 7.4) was simulated in vitro, the pH 4.7 of the CH-HCl gel layer and the pH 6 of the ascending colon prevented dissolution of the protective EUD film until descending colon was reached, then controlled release started.
  • [MeSH-major] Colon, Descending / drug effects. Drug Delivery Systems / methods. Fluorouracil / administration & dosage

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  • (PMID = 15681088.001).
  • [ISSN] 0168-3659
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of controlled release : official journal of the Controlled Release Society
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Control Release
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] Netherlands
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Delayed-Action Preparations; U3P01618RT / Fluorouracil
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17. Sevcencu C, Rijkhoff NJ, Gregersen H, Sinkjaer T: Propulsive activity induced by sequential electrical stimulation in the descending colon of the pig. Neurogastroenterol Motil; 2005 Jun;17(3):376-87
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  • [Title] Propulsive activity induced by sequential electrical stimulation in the descending colon of the pig.
  • This work was performed to study electrically induced contractions in the descending colon of pigs.
  • In the untreated colon, contraction was always of an 'off' type.
  • IN CONCLUSION: (i) electrical stimulation evokes'off' colon contractions, which can be coordinated to result in propulsion;.
  • [MeSH-major] Colon / physiology. Gastrointestinal Motility / physiology

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  • (PMID = 15916625.001).
  • [ISSN] 1350-1925
  • [Journal-full-title] Neurogastroenterology and motility : the official journal of the European Gastrointestinal Motility Society
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Neurogastroenterol. Motil.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Enzyme Inhibitors; 0 / Parasympatholytics; 31C4KY9ESH / Nitric Oxide; 7C0697DR9I / Atropine; V55S2QJN2X / NG-Nitroarginine Methyl Ester
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18. Christensen L: [Spontaneous rupture of a pancreatic pseudocyst into the descending colon]. Ugeskr Laeger; 2006 May 29;168(22):2173-4
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  • [Title] [Spontaneous rupture of a pancreatic pseudocyst into the descending colon].
  • [Transliterated title] Spontan ruptur af pancreaspseudocyste til colon descendens.
  • Coloscopic biopsy indicated fistulisation of a pancreatic pseudocyst into the descending colon.
  • [MeSH-major] Colon, Descending. Colonic Diseases / etiology. Pancreatic Pseudocyst / complications
  • [MeSH-minor] Abdominal Pain / diagnosis. Diagnosis, Differential. Gastrointestinal Hemorrhage / diagnosis. Humans. Male. Middle Aged. Rupture, Spontaneous. Tomography, X-Ray Computed

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  • (PMID = 16768959.001).
  • [ISSN] 1603-6824
  • [Journal-full-title] Ugeskrift for laeger
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Ugeskr. Laeg.
  • [Language] dan
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Denmark
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19. Ghidirim G, Mişin I, Ignatenco S, Sor E: [Mesenteric cyst in the descending colon: a case report]. Chirurgia (Bucur); 2010 Nov-Dec;105(6):855-8

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] [Mesenteric cyst in the descending colon: a case report].
  • We report a case of 36-year-old woman with mesenteric cyst in the descending colon.
  • We found a cystic mass at the mesentery of the descending colon that was removed in toto.
  • [MeSH-major] Colon, Descending / radiography. Mesenteric Cyst / diagnosis
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Diagnosis, Differential. Humans. Male. Peritoneal Neoplasms / diagnosis. Treatment Outcome

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  • (PMID = 21355184.001).
  • [ISSN] 1221-9118
  • [Journal-full-title] Chirurgia (Bucharest, Romania : 1990)
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Chirurgia (Bucur)
  • [Language] rum
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Romania
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20. Halfacree ZJ, Beck AL, Lee KC, Lipscomb VJ: Torsion and volvulus of the transverse and descending colon in a German shepherd dog. J Small Anim Pract; 2006 Aug;47(8):468-70
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Torsion and volvulus of the transverse and descending colon in a German shepherd dog.
  • A 360 degrees anticlockwise rotation of the descending and transverse colon, around the longitudinal axis of the mesocolon, was diagnosed at exploratory coeliotomy.
  • The transverse and descending colon appeared uniformly necrotic and an end-to-end colo-colic resection and anastomosis was performed.

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  • (PMID = 16911117.001).
  • [ISSN] 0022-4510
  • [Journal-full-title] The Journal of small animal practice
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Small Anim Pract
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] England
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21. Urahashi T, Miura O, Otawa R, Kawano T, Matsusaki K, Toda T, Minamisono Y, Nagasaki S: En bloc resection for primary non-Hodgkin's lymphoma of the descending colon with massive extension into the neighboring organs. Hepatogastroenterology; 2007 Jan-Feb;54(73):144-7

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] En bloc resection for primary non-Hodgkin's lymphoma of the descending colon with massive extension into the neighboring organs.
  • A 79-year-old female who was surgically treated and received adjuvant chemotherapy for primary non-Hodgkin's lymphoma of the descending colon with massive extension into the pancreatic tail, spleen, and left kidney is herein reported.
  • [MeSH-minor] Aged. Chemotherapy, Adjuvant. Colonic Diseases / etiology. Colonoscopy. Female. Humans. Immunohistochemistry. Intestinal Obstruction / etiology. Lymphocytes / pathology. Neoplasm Invasiveness

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  • (PMID = 17419249.001).
  • [ISSN] 0172-6390
  • [Journal-full-title] Hepato-gastroenterology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Hepatogastroenterology
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Greece
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22. Miliaras S, Trygonis S, Papandoniou A, Kalamaras S, Trygonis C, Kiskinis D: Mesenteric cyst of the descending colon: report of a case. Acta Chir Belg; 2006 Nov-Dec;106(6):714-6
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Mesenteric cyst of the descending colon: report of a case.
  • Mesenteric cysts are rare benign, lesions that are discovered accidentally or during the management of one of their complications (torsion, rupture, haemorrhage, obstruction of nearby organs).
  • We present the case of a 56-year old female patient, with a mesenteric cyst of the descending colon, discovered accidentally during a routine gynaecological examination.
  • Postoperative period was uneventful and pathological examination showed a benign mesenteric lymphangioma.
  • [MeSH-major] Colonic Diseases / diagnosis. Mesenteric Cyst / diagnosis

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  • (PMID = 17290704.001).
  • [ISSN] 0001-5458
  • [Journal-full-title] Acta chirurgica Belgica
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Acta Chir. Belg.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Belgium
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23. Hagiwara S, Hirayama M, Takahashi T, Meguro T, Morita T, Horita S, Niitsu Y: [Undifferentiated pleomorphic sarcoma detected in the descending colon: report of a case]. Nihon Shokakibyo Gakkai Zasshi; 2008 May;105(5):692-8
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] [Undifferentiated pleomorphic sarcoma detected in the descending colon: report of a case].
  • Undifferentiated pleomorphic sarcoma was a well-known tumor that usually involves the soft tissues.
  • Endoscopic examination showed a protruding tumor occupied the lumen of the descending colon.
  • Because of the colon obstruction by the tumor, a left hemicolectomy with en bloc lymph node dissection was performed.
  • Main occupied lesion of the tumor was mesenterium and submucosa, with no epithelial dysplasia.
  • Also, dissemination of the tumor was recognized in the mesenterium and greater omentum.
  • Based on histological and immunohistological studies, the tumor was diagnosed as undifferentiated pleomorphic sarcoma.

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  • (PMID = 18460858.001).
  • [ISSN] 0446-6586
  • [Journal-full-title] Nihon Shokakibyo Gakkai zasshi = The Japanese journal of gastro-enterology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Nihon Shokakibyo Gakkai Zasshi
  • [Language] jpn
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; English Abstract; Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] Japan
  • [Number-of-references] 30
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24. Madiba TE, Haffajee MR: Anatomical variations in the level of origin of the sigmoid colon from the descending colon and the attachment of the sigmoid mesocolon. Clin Anat; 2010 Mar;23(2):179-85

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Anatomical variations in the level of origin of the sigmoid colon from the descending colon and the attachment of the sigmoid mesocolon.
  • The origin of the sigmoid colon is considered constant as is the V-shaped attachment of the sigmoid mesocolon attachment.
  • This study was undertaken to establish anatomical variations in the level of origin of the sigmoid colon (590 autopsies; 403 Africans, 91 Indians, and 96 Whites), and the shape of the attachment of the sigmoid mesocolon (211 autopsies, 127 Africans, 47 Indians, and 37 Whites) in different population groups.
  • There are anatomical variations in the level of origin of the sigmoid colon from the descending colon as well as in the shape of the attachment of its mesocolon.
  • [MeSH-major] Colon, Descending / anatomy & histology. Colon, Sigmoid / anatomy & histology. Mesocolon / anatomy & histology

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  • (PMID = 20014390.001).
  • [ISSN] 1098-2353
  • [Journal-full-title] Clinical anatomy (New York, N.Y.)
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Clin Anat
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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25. Chang YT, Lee JY, Liao YM, Chiou SS: Laparoscopic resection of a giant retroperitoneal T-shaped duplication of descending colon. J Pediatr Surg; 2008 Feb;43(2):401-4
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Laparoscopic resection of a giant retroperitoneal T-shaped duplication of descending colon.
  • The authors encountered an uncommon case of a retroperitoneal T-shaped duplication that presented with a communication with the descending colon, descending downward along the descending colon posterolaterally, passing through the sigmoid mesocolon and across the midline at the level of L5 to S1 vertebrae, ascending behind the ascending mesocolon, and terminating beneath the third portion of the duodenum.
  • On reviewing the literature, T-shaped duplication has occurred in only 4 cases; and all arose from the colon and were not associated with other anomalies.
  • [MeSH-major] Colon, Descending / abnormalities. Congenital Abnormalities / surgery. Laparoscopy / methods
  • [MeSH-minor] Abdominal Pain / diagnosis. Abdominal Pain / etiology. Anastomosis, Surgical / methods. Child. Colectomy / methods. Female. Follow-Up Studies. Humans. Retroperitoneal Space. Risk Assessment. Tomography, X-Ray Computed. Treatment Outcome

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  • (PMID = 18280300.001).
  • [ISSN] 1531-5037
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of pediatric surgery
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Pediatr. Surg.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Number-of-references] 12
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26. Skobowiat C, Calka J, Wasowicz K, Majewski M: Distribution pattern and chemical coding of neurons of the sympathetic chain ganglia supplying the descending colon in the pig. Acta Vet Hung; 2010 Jun;58(2):189-98

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Distribution pattern and chemical coding of neurons of the sympathetic chain ganglia supplying the descending colon in the pig.
  • Sympathetic chain ganglia (SChG) neurons projecting to the descending colon of the pig were studied by means of retrograde tracing (Fast Blue, FB) and double-labelling immunofluorescence methods.
  • [MeSH-major] Colon, Descending / innervation. Ganglia, Sympathetic / cytology. Neurons / physiology. Swine / anatomy & histology. Swine / physiology

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  • (PMID = 20460218.001).
  • [ISSN] 0236-6290
  • [Journal-full-title] Acta veterinaria Hungarica
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Acta Vet. Hung.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] Hungary
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27. Ciga MA, Oteiza F, Fernández L, de Miguel M, Ortiz H: Comparative study of one-stage colectomy of the descending colon in emergency and elective surgery without mechanical preparation. Dis Colon Rectum; 2010 Nov;53(11):1524-9
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Comparative study of one-stage colectomy of the descending colon in emergency and elective surgery without mechanical preparation.
  • PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to compare one-stage colectomy of the descending colon without mechanical preparation in emergency and elective surgery.
  • METHODS: From January 2004 to September 2009, 327 consecutive patients underwent surgery in a coloproctology unit for several conditions of the descending colon, 122 on an emergency basis and 205 as elective surgery.
  • In the remaining 214 patients, a colectomy of the descending colon with primary colorectal anastomosis was performed without mechanical bowel preparation, 68 in emergency surgery and 146 in elective surgery.
  • CONCLUSIONS: In emergencies involving the descending colon one-stage surgery may be performed without colonic preparation as safely as elective surgery in selected patients considered suitable for segmental resection of the descending colon and primary anastomosis.
  • [MeSH-major] Colectomy / methods. Colon, Descending / surgery. Colonic Diseases / surgery

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  • (PMID = 20940601.001).
  • [ISSN] 1530-0358
  • [Journal-full-title] Diseases of the colon and rectum
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Dis. Colon Rectum
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Comparative Study; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] United States
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28. Nozawa H, Yamada Y, Muto Y, Endo J, Asakage M, Oka T, Furukawa Y, Arai M: Double primary adenocarcinomas of the jejunum and descending colon with lung metastases presenting rare immunohistochemical phenotypes: a case report. Eur J Gastroenterol Hepatol; 2010 Feb;22(2):228-33
NCI CPTC Antibody Characterization Program. NCI CPTC Antibody Characterization Program .

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Double primary adenocarcinomas of the jejunum and descending colon with lung metastases presenting rare immunohistochemical phenotypes: a case report.
  • We report a male patient with double advanced tumors in the jejunum and descending colon and multiple lung tumors.
  • Immunoprofiling of the specimens revealed a rare phenotype: the jejunal cancer was positive for cytokeratin (CK) 7, partially positive for CK20, and Cdx-2-negative, whereas the colon cancer was CK7(+), CK20(-), and Cdx-2(-).
  • Biopsied lung tumor was diagnosed as tubular adenocarcinoma, and CK7(+)/CK20(+)/Cdx-2(-).
  • [MeSH-major] Adenocarcinoma / secondary. Biomarkers, Tumor / analysis. Colonic Neoplasms / pathology. Immunohistochemistry. Jejunal Neoplasms / pathology. Lung Neoplasms / secondary. Neoplasms, Multiple Primary

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  • (PMID = 19923997.001).
  • [ISSN] 1473-5687
  • [Journal-full-title] European journal of gastroenterology & hepatology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Eur J Gastroenterol Hepatol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Antineoplastic Agents; 0 / Biomarkers, Tumor; 0 / CDX2 protein, human; 0 / Homeodomain Proteins; 0 / KRT20 protein, human; 0 / KRT7 protein, human; 0 / Keratin-20; 0 / Keratin-7; 0 / Organoplatinum Compounds; 04ZR38536J / oxaliplatin; Q573I9DVLP / Leucovorin; U3P01618RT / Fluorouracil; Folfox protocol
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29. Nishiyama N, Yamamoto S, Matsuoka N, Fujimoto H, Moriya Y: Simultaneous laparoscopic descending colectomy and nephroureterectomy for descending colon carcinoma and left ureteral carcinoma: report of a case. Surg Today; 2009;39(8):728-32

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Simultaneous laparoscopic descending colectomy and nephroureterectomy for descending colon carcinoma and left ureteral carcinoma: report of a case.
  • To our knowledge, there is no case report of the synchronous resection of colon and ureteral carcinomas by laparoscopy, because of the rareness of this combination and the technical difficulties involved.
  • We report a case of simultaneous descending colon and left ureteral carcinomas, both of which were judged to be relatively early stage carcinoma, which we resected successfully laparoscopically.

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  • (PMID = 19639445.001).
  • [ISSN] 1436-2813
  • [Journal-full-title] Surgery today
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Surg. Today
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Japan
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30. Barchetti F, Al Ansari N, De Marco V, Caravani F, Broglia L: Giant lipoma of descending colon diagnosed at CT: report of a case. Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci; 2010 Jun;14(6):573-5
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Giant lipoma of descending colon diagnosed at CT: report of a case.
  • Colonic lipomas are rare benign lesions, detected accidentally.
  • Colonic lipomas are more often localized in the ascending colon: literature reports less than 20 symptomatic cases situated in the descending colon.
  • The case was interesting because of the patient's young age, the tumor's location in the left side of the colon and the giant size (5.5 cm).

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  • (PMID = 20712267.001).
  • [ISSN] 1128-3602
  • [Journal-full-title] European review for medical and pharmacological sciences
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Italy
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31. Yamamoto S, Fujita S, Akasu T, Yamaguchi T, Moriya Y: Laparoscopic surgery for transverse and descending colon carcinomas has comparable safety to laparoscopic surgery for colon carcinomas at other sites. Dig Surg; 2009 Feb;26(6):487-92

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Laparoscopic surgery for transverse and descending colon carcinomas has comparable safety to laparoscopic surgery for colon carcinomas at other sites.
  • BACKGROUND/AIMS: Many randomized clinical trials have been performed to treat colon carcinoma with the exclusion of transverse colon carcinoma or descending colon carcinoma.
  • The aim of the present study was to investigate the difference in surgical outcomes between laparoscopic surgery for transverse/descending colon carcinomas and that for other colon carcinomas.
  • METHODS: A total prospective registry of 455 patients with colon carcinoma, who initially underwent laparoscopic surgery between June 2001 and December 2008, were reviewed.
  • Surgical outcomes were compared between laparoscopic surgery for transverse/descending colon carcinoma (transverse/descending group, n = 89) and laparoscopic surgery for other colon carcinomas (other group, n = 366).
  • Regarding operative and postoperative results, the surgical duration and intraoperative blood loss were significantly greater in the transverse/descending group.
  • CONCLUSION: Laparoscopic surgery for transverse/descending carcinoma can be performed safely, and shows short-term benefits comparable to those in patients who underwent laparoscopic surgery for other colon carcinomas.
  • [MeSH-major] Carcinoma / surgery. Colectomy. Colon, Descending / surgery. Colon, Transverse / surgery. Colonic Neoplasms / surgery. Laparoscopy
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Aged. Aged, 80 and over. Colon, Ascending / surgery. Female. Humans. Male. Medical Records. Middle Aged. Prospective Studies. Reproducibility of Results. Treatment Outcome

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  • [Copyright] Copyright (c) 2010 S. Karger AG, Basel.
  • (PMID = 20068322.001).
  • [ISSN] 1421-9883
  • [Journal-full-title] Digestive surgery
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Dig Surg
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Comparative Study; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Switzerland
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32. Sevcencu C, Rijkhoff NJ, Gregersen H, Sinkjaer T: Electrical stimulation to induce propulsive contractions in the porcine descending colon. Artif Organs; 2005 Mar;29(3):246-9

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Electrical stimulation to induce propulsive contractions in the porcine descending colon.
  • Electrical stimulation of the colon can improve transit in slow-transit constipation, or enable controlled emptying in colostomy patients.
  • Preliminary studies showed that sequential stimulation of consecutive colon segments induced serial contractions resulting in colonic propulsion.
  • The electrodes were inserted under the serosa of the descending colon of pigs.
  • It is concluded that, at a frequency of 10 Hz, the best combination of current and pulse duration to elicit propulsive contractions in the descending colon of pigs is 15 mA and 3 ms.
  • [MeSH-major] Colon, Descending / physiology. Electric Stimulation / methods. Gastrointestinal Motility / physiology

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  • (PMID = 15725227.001).
  • [ISSN] 0160-564X
  • [Journal-full-title] Artificial organs
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Artif Organs
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] United States
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33. Guzmán M, Quispe M, Quiroga G, Abanto D, Mas J: [Primary descending colon lymphoma: case communication]. Rev Gastroenterol Peru; 2005 Apr-Jun;25(2):210-5

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] [Primary descending colon lymphoma: case communication].
  • [Transliterated title] Linfoma primario de colon descendente: comunicación de un caso.
  • Primary colon lymphomas are very uncommon gastrointestinal tumors, more so in the descending colon.
  • We would like to present this clinical entity with the case of a 33-year-old woman in order to inform them about the case of Primary colon lymphoma that was encountered and to review the literature.
  • In her case, the diagnosis was suspected from the clinical symptoms, images and fiber endoscopy study.
  • The diagnosis was confirmed by anatomopathology and inmunohistoquimic study.
  • The woman was subjected to exploratory laparotomy and the final diagnosis was given to be high-grade MALT type Lymphoma B cells (Non-Hodgkins Lymphoma Big Cell) big cells) EII2.
  • [MeSH-major] Colonic Neoplasms / diagnosis. Lymphoma, B-Cell, Marginal Zone / diagnosis. Lymphoma, Non-Hodgkin / diagnosis

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  • (PMID = 16021208.001).
  • [ISSN] 1022-5129
  • [Journal-full-title] Revista de gastroenterología del Perú : órgano oficial de la Sociedad de Gastroenterología del Perú
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Rev Gastroenterol Peru
  • [Language] spa
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Peru
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34. Oğüş M, Dinçkan A, Gelen T, Aksoy N: [A descending colon tumour prolapsing from anus: case report]. Ulus Travma Acil Cerrahi Derg; 2005 Jul;11(3):247-9
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] [A descending colon tumour prolapsing from anus: case report].
  • Here we discuss a case with a rare clinical presentation, who had sessile malign villous adenoma located in the descending colon, which caused colocolic intussusception and prolapsed through the anus.
  • [MeSH-major] Adenoma, Villous / diagnosis. Colonic Neoplasms / diagnosis. Intussusception / etiology. Rectal Prolapse / etiology
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Colonic Polyps / diagnosis. Diagnosis, Differential. Humans. Male

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  • (PMID = 16100672.001).
  • [ISSN] 1306-696X
  • [Journal-full-title] Ulusal travma ve acil cerrahi dergisi = Turkish journal of trauma & emergency surgery : TJTES
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Ulus Travma Acil Cerrahi Derg
  • [Language] tur
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Turkey
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35. Soares J, Moreira NM, da Silva AV, Sant'Ana Dde M, Araújo EJ: [Chronic infection due to Toxoplasma gondii inducing neuron hypertrophy of the myenteric plexus of Rattus norvegicus descending colon]. Rev Bras Parasitol Vet; 2009 Apr-Jun;18(2):57-60
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] [Chronic infection due to Toxoplasma gondii inducing neuron hypertrophy of the myenteric plexus of Rattus norvegicus descending colon].
  • [Transliterated title] Infecção crônica por Toxoplasma gondii induzindo hipertrofia de neurônios do plexo mientérico do colon descendente de Rattus norvegicus.
  • The effects of the chronic infection due to Toxoplasma gondii tachyzoites on the myenteric neurons of the adult rat descending colon were assessed in this study.
  • The descending colon was removed, dissected, and the whole-mounts were staining by Giemsa, in order to observe neurons of the myenteric plexus, followed by quantitative and morphometric analysis.
  • [MeSH-major] Colon / innervation. Myenteric Plexus / pathology. Toxoplasmosis / complications

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  • (PMID = 19602320.001).
  • [ISSN] 0103-846X
  • [Journal-full-title] Revista brasileira de parasitologia veterinária = Brazilian journal of veterinary parasitology : Órgão Oficial do Colégio Brasileiro de Parasitologia Veterinária
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Rev Bras Parasitol Vet
  • [Language] por
  • [Publication-type] English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Brazil
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36. Sevcencu C, Rijkhoff NJ, Sinkjaer T: Muscular vs. Neural Activation in Propulsion Induced by Electrical Stimulation in the Descending Colon of Rats. Neuromodulation; 2005 Apr;8(2):131-40

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Muscular vs. Neural Activation in Propulsion Induced by Electrical Stimulation in the Descending Colon of Rats.
  • The present experiments were performed on rat colon to study neurogenic and myogenic elicited propulsion induced by 0.3 and 30 msec long current pulses.
  • The colon segments were stimulated sequentially and randomly.
  • The propulsion steps differed in displacement onset latency, distance, and velocity; the latency decreased while the distance and velocity increased from the proximal to the distal colon segments when performing sequential stimulation; the propulsion steps differed in latency when stimulation was performed randomly; the latency in the first propulsion step was three times longer when using 0.3 vs. 30 msec long pulses.

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  • (PMID = 22151442.001).
  • [ISSN] 1094-7159
  • [Journal-full-title] Neuromodulation : journal of the International Neuromodulation Society
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Neuromodulation
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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37. Pierce RL, Fischer AT, Rohrbach BW, Klohnen A: Postoperative complications and survival after enterolith removal from the ascending or descending colon in horses. Vet Surg; 2010 Jul;39(5):609-15
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Postoperative complications and survival after enterolith removal from the ascending or descending colon in horses.
  • OBJECTIVE: To compare incidence of postoperative complications and survival of horses that had surgery for enterolithiasis of the ascending (AC) or descending (DC) colon.
  • CONCLUSIONS: Number or type of postsurgical complications or survival after surgery was not influenced by enterolith location and horses have a favorable prognosis for long-term survival after enterolith removal, regardless of site of obstruction in the colon.
  • CLINICAL RELEVANCE: Incidence of postoperative complications and survival are not affected by the site of enterolith obstruction in the colon.
  • [MeSH-major] Colon, Ascending / surgery. Colon, Descending / surgery. Colonic Diseases / veterinary. Horse Diseases / surgery. Intestinal Obstruction / veterinary. Postoperative Complications / veterinary


38. Gonkowski S, Całka J: Changes in the somatostatin (SOM)-like immunoreactivity within nervous structures of the porcine descending colon under various pathological factors. Exp Mol Pathol; 2010 Jun;88(3):416-23

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Changes in the somatostatin (SOM)-like immunoreactivity within nervous structures of the porcine descending colon under various pathological factors.
  • This study reports on changes in the somatostatin-like immunoreactive (SOM-LI) nerve structures of the enteric nervous system (ENS) in the porcine descending colon, caused by chemically driven inflammation, proliferative enteropathy (PE), which is a "natural" inflammation with proliferative changes and nerve injury (axotomy).
  • The obtained results suggest that SOM-LI nerve structures of the ENS may participate in various pathological states within the porcine descending colon and their functions probably depend on the type of pathological factor.
  • [MeSH-major] Colon, Descending / innervation. Colon, Descending / metabolism. Enteric Nervous System / metabolism. Peptides / metabolism

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  • [Copyright] Copyright 2010 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
  • (PMID = 20138863.001).
  • [ISSN] 1096-0945
  • [Journal-full-title] Experimental and molecular pathology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Exp. Mol. Pathol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Peptides; 0 / somatostatin-like peptides
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39. Kobayashi M, Okamoto K, Namikawa T, Okabayashi T, Sakamoto J, Hanazaki K: Laparoscopic D3 lymph node dissection with preservation of the superior rectal artery for the treatment of proximal sigmoid and descending colon cancer. J Laparoendosc Adv Surg Tech A; 2007 Aug;17(4):461-6
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Laparoscopic D3 lymph node dissection with preservation of the superior rectal artery for the treatment of proximal sigmoid and descending colon cancer.
  • In this paper we report a technique for laparoscopic lymph node (LN) dissection for descending and proximal sigmoid colon cancer with the preservation of the superior rectal artery (SRA) to maintain the blood supply to the distal sigmoid colon.
  • [MeSH-minor] Colon, Sigmoid / blood supply. Electrocoagulation. Humans. Mesenteric Arteries / surgery. Rectum / blood supply

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  • (PMID = 17705727.001).
  • [ISSN] 1092-6429
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of laparoendoscopic & advanced surgical techniques. Part A
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Laparoendosc Adv Surg Tech A
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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40. Miyamoto H, Nishioka M, Kurita N, Honda J, Yoshikawa K, Higashijima J, Miyatani T, Bandou Y, Shimada M: Squamous cell carcinoma of the descending colon: report of a case and literature review. Case Rep Gastroenterol; 2007;1(1):77-83
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Squamous cell carcinoma of the descending colon: report of a case and literature review.
  • The histological diagnosis as SCC was determined by biopsy during a colonoscopy.
  • We diagnosed primary SCC of the colon because except in the colon no malignant lesions were found by systemic CT.

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  • [Cites] Dis Colon Rectum. 1999 Jan;42(1):102-9 [10211528.001]
  • [Cites] Eur J Surg Oncol. 1999 Dec;25(6):632-3 [10556012.001]
  • [Cites] J Pathol. 1979 Nov;129(3):139-47 [529012.001]
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  • (PMID = 21487550.001).
  • [ISSN] 1662-0631
  • [Journal-full-title] Case reports in gastroenterology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Case Rep Gastroenterol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Switzerland
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC3073792
  • [Keywords] NOTNLM ; Colon / Prognosis / Squamous cell carcinoma
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41. Akhtar K, Lee G, Khan M, Mitchell A, Livni N, Christmas T: The role of embolization in the management of tumour recurrence after radical nephrectomy. Br J Hosp Med (Lond); 2010 Jan;71(1):52
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] The role of embolization in the management of tumour recurrence after radical nephrectomy.
  • This article presents the case of a 56-year-old woman who developed a tumour recurrence following radical nephrectomy.
  • This was invading the descending colon and causing severe gastrointestinal haemorrhage.
  • [MeSH-minor] Female. Gastrointestinal Hemorrhage / etiology. Gastrointestinal Hemorrhage / therapy. Humans. Lung Neoplasms / secondary. Middle Aged. Neoplasm Recurrence, Local / pathology. Neoplasm Recurrence, Local / therapy. Stomach Neoplasms / secondary. Treatment Outcome

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  • (PMID = 20081645.001).
  • [ISSN] 1750-8460
  • [Journal-full-title] British journal of hospital medicine (London, England : 2005)
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Br J Hosp Med (Lond)
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] England
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42. Wang JP, Hou XH: Expression of aquaporin 8 in colonic epithelium with diarrhoea-predominant irritable bowel syndrome. Chin Med J (Engl); 2007 Feb 20;120(4):313-6
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • BACKGROUND: We analysed and compared the aquaporin 8 (AQP8) expression in ascending and descending colon mucosa between patients with diarrhoea-predominant irritable bowel syndrome (D-IBS) and healthy volunteers, in order to study the relationship between the clinical feature of IBS, the expression of AQP8 and the pathological mechanism of D-IBS.
  • METHODS: Specimens were taken from the proximal ascending colon or distal descending colon of D-IBS patients (n = 26) and healthy volunteers (n = 30), and AQP8 mRNA expression of each specimen was determined by fluorescent quantitative reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (FQ-RT-PCR).
  • In patients with D-IBS, the relationship was analysed between AQP8 expression in both ascending and descending colons and clinical features including gender, age of onset, duration of illness, frequency of defecation, and stool characteristics.
  • RESULTS: Although AQP8 was present in the epithelium of the ascending and descending colons in healthy persons and D-IBS patients, the AQP8 level of the D-IBS patients was significantly lower than that of the healthy persons (P < 0.01 in the ascending colon, P < 0.05 in the descending colon).
  • AQP8 expression was not correlated with the age of patients with D-IBS (P > 0.05 both in the ascending and descending colons) or the age at the onset (P > 0.05 both in the ascending and descending colons), but closely with the duration of illness (P < 0.05 in the ascending colon, P < 0.01 in the descending colon), frequency of defecation (P < 0.01 in the ascending colon, P < 0.05 in the descending colon) and stool characteristics (P < 0.01 in the ascending colon, P > 0.05 in the descending colon).
  • [MeSH-major] Aquaporins / genetics. Colon / metabolism. Irritable Bowel Syndrome / metabolism

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  • (PMID = 17374283.001).
  • [ISSN] 0366-6999
  • [Journal-full-title] Chinese medical journal
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Chin. Med. J.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] China
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Aquaporins; 0 / RNA, Messenger; 0 / aquaporin 8
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43. Rood LK: Blunt colon injury sustained during a kickboxing match. J Emerg Med; 2007 Feb;32(2):187-9
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Blunt colon injury sustained during a kickboxing match.
  • This case report describes a patient who sustained blunt trauma to the descending colon during a martial arts match, necessitating a hemicolectomy.
  • [MeSH-major] Athletic Injuries / surgery. Colon / injuries. Martial Arts / injuries. Wounds, Nonpenetrating / etiology

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  • (PMID = 17307631.001).
  • [ISSN] 0736-4679
  • [Journal-full-title] The Journal of emergency medicine
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Emerg Med
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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44. Khan MI: Spontaneous fulminant gangrene of distal colon and rectum. J Coll Physicians Surg Pak; 2005 Mar;15(3):174-5
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Spontaneous fulminant gangrene of distal colon and rectum.
  • Emergency laparotomy revealed fulminant gangrene of descending colon and upper third of rectum.
  • [MeSH-major] Colonic Diseases / pathology. Ischemia / diagnosis. Rectal Diseases / pathology
  • [MeSH-minor] Abdomen, Acute / diagnosis. Abdomen, Acute / etiology. Adult. Anastomosis, Surgical. Colectomy / methods. Female. Follow-Up Studies. Gangrene / pathology. Gangrene / surgery. Humans. Laparotomy / methods. Risk Assessment. Severity of Illness Index. Treatment Outcome

  • MedlinePlus Health Information. consumer health - Colonic Diseases.
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  • (PMID = 15808101.001).
  • [ISSN] 1022-386X
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of the College of Physicians and Surgeons--Pakistan : JCPSP
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Coll Physicians Surg Pak
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Pakistan
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45. Macha S, Yong CL, MacGregor TR, Castles M, Quinson AM, Rouyrre N, Wilding I: Assessment of nevirapine bioavailability from targeted sites in the human gastrointestinal tract. J Clin Pharmacol; 2009 Dec;49(12):1417-25
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • A total of 24 participants were randomized to receive 50 mg NVP orally as a suspension or via remotely activated capsules for release into the ascending colon.
  • The 24 participants were then rerandomized into parallel groups of n = 8 for drug release into the ileum, jejunum, or descending colon.
  • The small intestinal and colon transit time ranged from 4.08 to 7.76 hours and 17.6 to 21.2 hours, respectively, and capsule recovery time ranged from 27.6 to 34.4 hours.
  • In the ileum, ascending colon, and descending colon, bioavailability decreased to 0.89 (0.80-0.99), 0.82 (0.71-0.95), and 0.58 (0.22-1.53), respectively.
  • The absorption rate decreased by approximately 10-fold from the jejunum (3.83 h(-1)) to the descending colon (0.338 h(-1)), and t(max) increased from 2.42 hours (jejunum) to 16.3 hours (descending colon).
  • Overall, NVP is absorbed from all 4 sites of the gastrointestinal tract, and the rate of absorption decreased from the jejunum to the descending colon.
  • Relative bioavailability of NVP was in the order of jejunum > ileum > ascending colon > descending colon.

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  • (PMID = 19793911.001).
  • [ISSN] 1552-4604
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of clinical pharmacology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Clin Pharmacol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Randomized Controlled Trial
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Capsules; 99DK7FVK1H / Nevirapine
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46. Gonkowski S, Burliński P, Skobowiat C, Majewski M, Całka J: Inflammation- and axotomy-induced changes in galanin-like immunoreactive (GAL-LI) nerve structures in the porcine descending colon. Acta Vet Hung; 2010 Mar;58(1):91-103

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Inflammation- and axotomy-induced changes in galanin-like immunoreactive (GAL-LI) nerve structures in the porcine descending colon.
  • This study reports on changes caused by chemically driven inflammation and axotomy in galanin-like immunoreactive (GAL-LI) nerve structures in the porcine descending colon.
  • [MeSH-major] Axotomy / veterinary. Colitis / veterinary. Colon, Descending / innervation. Galanin-Like Peptide. Inflammation / pathology. Swine Diseases / chemically induced

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  • (PMID = 20159743.001).
  • [ISSN] 0236-6290
  • [Journal-full-title] Acta veterinaria Hungarica
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Acta Vet. Hung.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Hungary
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Galanin-Like Peptide
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47. Lehane CW, Gold DM: Colonic volvulus--an old problem with a new twist. Colorectal Dis; 2009 Oct;11(8):882-3
MedlinePlus Health Information. consumer health - Colonic Diseases.

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • He underwent emergency laparotomy at which we identified a volvulus involving his caecum to descending colon in continuity.
  • [MeSH-major] Colectomy. Colonic Diseases / diagnosis. Ileostomy. Intestinal Volvulus / diagnosis. Intestinal Volvulus / surgery

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  • (PMID = 19175641.001).
  • [ISSN] 1463-1318
  • [Journal-full-title] Colorectal disease : the official journal of the Association of Coloproctology of Great Britain and Ireland
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Colorectal Dis
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] England
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48. Collins D, Winter DC, Hogan AM, Schirmer L, Baird AW, Stewart GS: Differential protein abundance and function of UT-B urea transporters in human colon. Am J Physiol Gastrointest Liver Physiol; 2010 Mar;298(3):G345-51
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Differential protein abundance and function of UT-B urea transporters in human colon.
  • This study investigated the expression of UT-B urea transporters in different segments of human colon.
  • Immunoblot analysis showed that human colon expressed a 35-kDa glycosylated UT-B protein in the colonic mucosa.
  • The 35-kDa UT-B transporter was predominantly located in plasma membrane-enriched samples (P < 0.001; n = 6), and its expression was greater in the ascending colon compared with the descending colon (P < 0.01; n = 3).
  • Bidirectional trans-epithelial urea transport was significantly greater in the ascending colon than the descending colon (P < 0.05; n = 6).
  • In addition, the facilitative urea transporter inhibitor 1,3,dimethylurea significantly reduced urea transport in the ascending colon (P < 0.05; n = 6) but had no effect in the descending colon (NS; n = 6).
  • These results illustrate differential protein abundance of functional UT-B protein in different sections of the human colon, strongly correlating to regions that contain the largest populations of intestinal bacteria.

  • Hazardous Substances Data Bank. CARBACHOL CHLORIDE .
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  • (PMID = 19926813.001).
  • [ISSN] 1522-1547
  • [Journal-full-title] American journal of physiology. Gastrointestinal and liver physiology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Am. J. Physiol. Gastrointest. Liver Physiol.
  • [Language] ENG
  • [Grant] United States / NINDS NIH HHS / NS / NS 19912
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Membrane Transport Proteins; 0 / Methylurea Compounds; 0 / urea transporter; 8W8T17847W / Urea; 8Y164V895Y / Carbachol; WAM6DR9I4X / 1,3-dimethylurea
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC3774180
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49. Borenshtein D, Nambiar PR, Groff EB, Fox JG, Schauer DB: Development of fatal colitis in FVB mice infected with Citrobacter rodentium. Infect Immun; 2007 Jul;75(7):3271-81
Mouse Genome Informatics (MGI). Mouse Genome Informatics (MGI) .

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  • The disease is characterized by severe but temporary epithelial hyperplasia with limited inflammation in the descending colon of adult mice on a variety of genetic backgrounds.
  • SW mice developed hyperplasia with minimal inflammation in the descending colon.
  • FVB mice developed epithelial cell hyperproliferation, severe inflammation with erosions and ulcers, and epithelial atypia by 6 dpi in the descending colon.

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  • (PMID = 17470543.001).
  • [ISSN] 0019-9567
  • [Journal-full-title] Infection and immunity
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Infect. Immun.
  • [Language] ENG
  • [Grant] United States / NIEHS NIH HHS / ES / T32 ES 07020; United States / NIEHS NIH HHS / ES / T32 ES007020; United States / NIEHS NIH HHS / ES / P30 ES002109; United States / NIEHS NIH HHS / ES / P30 ES 02109; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / P01 CA026731; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / P01 CA 26731
  • [Publication-type] Evaluation Studies; Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC1932959
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50. Hamada Y, Tanaka K, Matsuda S, Nagai M, Noda T, Kosaka R, Aoki M, Aota T, Toyoda H, Suzuki H: [A endoscopic treatment of penetration of the colon by an ingested fish bone]. Nihon Shokakibyo Gakkai Zasshi; 2008 Jul;105(7):1049-54
MedlinePlus Health Information. consumer health - Foreign Bodies.

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  • [Title] [A endoscopic treatment of penetration of the colon by an ingested fish bone].
  • Computed tomography on admission revealed foreign a body penetrating descending colon and free air.
  • [MeSH-major] Colon / injuries. Foreign Bodies / complications

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  • (PMID = 18603850.001).
  • [ISSN] 0446-6586
  • [Journal-full-title] Nihon Shokakibyo Gakkai zasshi = The Japanese journal of gastro-enterology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Nihon Shokakibyo Gakkai Zasshi
  • [Language] jpn
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Japan
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51. Jaremko JL, Rawat B: Colo-colonic intussusception caused by a solitary Peutz-Jeghers polyp. Br J Radiol; 2005 Nov;78(935):1047-9
MedlinePlus Health Information. consumer health - Colonic Diseases.

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  • The lead point of the intussusception is a rare solitary colonic Peutz-Jeghers polyp in the descending colon of a man without the full Peutz-Jeghers syndrome.

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  • (PMID = 16249608.001).
  • [ISSN] 0007-1285
  • [Journal-full-title] The British journal of radiology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Br J Radiol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] England
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52. Taylor VJ, Patterson M, Ghatei MA, Bloom SR, Wilson CA: Ghrelin and peptide YY (PYY) profiles in gastrointestinal tissues and the circulation of the rat during pregnancy and lactation. Peptides; 2009 Dec;30(12):2213-20
Hazardous Substances Data Bank. PROGESTERONE .

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  • PYY concentrations in plasma, descending colon and rectum tissues were increased (P<0.001) throughout pregnancy and lactation.
  • PYY peaked at day 5 of lactation in plasma, as well as descending colon and rectum tissues (proestrus vs day 5 of lactation: 25+/-3.0 pmol/l vs 55+/-8.0 pmol/l; 85+/-4.5 pmol/g wwt vs 418+/-45.0 pmol/g wwt; 23+/-3.0 pmol/g wwt vs 78+/-9.1 pmol/g wwt).
  • Relative PYY concentrations in the tissues of the gut varied in the different states suggesting regional alterations taking place in the colon.
  • The ascending colon produced the highest concentrations in non-pregnant rats, the descending colon the highest concentrations during lactation with the pregnant rats and the dams postweaning in a transition state between.
  • [MeSH-minor] Animals. Colon, Ascending / metabolism. Colon, Descending / metabolism. Female. Ileum / metabolism. Leptin / blood. Luteinizing Hormone / blood. Pregnancy. Progesterone / blood. Prolactin / blood. Rats. Rectum / metabolism

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  • (PMID = 19778563.001).
  • [ISSN] 1873-5169
  • [Journal-full-title] Peptides
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Peptides
  • [Language] eng
  • [Grant] United Kingdom / Biotechnology and Biological Sciences Research Council / / BB/E52708X/1; United Kingdom / Wellcome Trust / / 072643/Z/03/Z),; United Kingdom / Medical Research Council / / G7811974
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Ghrelin; 0 / Leptin; 106388-42-5 / Peptide YY; 4G7DS2Q64Y / Progesterone; 9002-62-4 / Prolactin; 9002-67-9 / Luteinizing Hormone
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53. Seier JV, Dhansay MA, Davids A: Risks associated with environmental enrichment: intestinal obstruction caused by foraging substrate. J Med Primatol; 2005 Jun;34(3):154-5
MedlinePlus Health Information. consumer health - Intestinal Obstruction.

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  • A juvenile male vervet monkey was found with a phytobezoar of straw obstructing the sigmoid colon.
  • Due to the extent of the resulting necrosis in the sigmoid and descending colon, the monkey had to be killed.
  • [MeSH-minor] Animals. Colon, Sigmoid / pathology. Environment Design. Fatal Outcome. Housing, Animal. Male

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  • (PMID = 15860124.001).
  • [ISSN] 0047-2565
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of medical primatology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Med. Primatol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Denmark
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54. Op de Beeck B, Peters K, Spinhoven MJ, Snoeckx A, Salgado R, Parizel PM: Asymptomatic pneumatosis intestinalis in AIDS. JBR-BTR; 2009 Sep-Oct;92(5):253-5
HIV InSite. treatment guidelines - Aspergillosis and HIV .

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • Pneumatosis intestinalis is a late-stage phenomenon in patients with AIDS that characteristically involves the cecum, ascending and transverse colon or the rectum with sparing of the descending colon and the sigmoid.
  • [MeSH-minor] Aged. Antifungal Agents / administration & dosage. Aspergillus fumigatus / isolation & purification. Diagnosis, Differential. Fatigue / etiology. Humans. Intestine, Large / radiography. Lung / radiography. Male. Muscle Weakness / etiology. Pulmonary Aspergillosis / complications. Pulmonary Aspergillosis / drug therapy. Pulmonary Aspergillosis / radiography. Remission, Spontaneous. Tomography, X-Ray Computed. Weight Loss

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  • (PMID = 19999330.001).
  • [ISSN] 0302-7430
  • [Journal-full-title] JBR-BTR : organe de la Société royale belge de radiologie (SRBR) = orgaan van de Koninklijke Belgische Vereniging voor Radiologie (KBVR)
  • [ISO-abbreviation] JBR-BTR
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Belgium
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Antifungal Agents
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55. Al-Moundhri MS, Al-Thahli K, Al-Kindy S, Salam J, Rao L: Metastatic gastrointestinal stromal tumor and hypercalcemia in a patient with ulcerative colitis. Saudi Med J; 2006 Oct;27(10):1585-7
Hazardous Substances Data Bank. IMATINIB MESYLATE .

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  • [Title] Metastatic gastrointestinal stromal tumor and hypercalcemia in a patient with ulcerative colitis.
  • A 45-year-old man suffering from intermittent rectal bleeding was diagnosed with ulcerative colitis involving the descending colon and rectum.
  • After 2 years on ulcerative colitis treatment, he presented with metastatic gastrointestinal tumor, liver and peritoneal spread, and a pelvic mass.


56. Castillo-Alcala F, Mans C, Bos AS, Taylor WM, Smith DA: Clinical and pathologic features of an adenomatous polyp of the colon in a domestic ferret (Mustela putorius furo). Can Vet J; 2010 Nov;51(11):1261-4
MedlinePlus Health Information. consumer health - Colonic Polyps.

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  • [Title] Clinical and pathologic features of an adenomatous polyp of the colon in a domestic ferret (Mustela putorius furo).
  • A 6-year-old castrated male domestic ferret (Mustela putorius furo) with a 4-week history of intermittent diarrhea and straining during defecation had an intraluminal mass in the descending colon identified by abdominal ultrasound.
  • The histopathological diagnosis of the resected mass was an adenomatous polyp of the colon.

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  • (PMID = 21286327.001).
  • [ISSN] 0008-5286
  • [Journal-full-title] The Canadian veterinary journal = La revue vétérinaire canadienne
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Can. Vet. J.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Canada
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC2957035
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57. Wang JP, Hou XH, Ma RJ: [The clinical features and colonic epithelium AQP8 expression in diarrhea-irritable bowel syndrome]. Zhonghua Nei Ke Za Zhi; 2006 Dec;45(12):1000-3
Genetic Alliance. consumer health - Irritable Bowel Syndrome.

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  • OBJECTIVE: To test the expression of AQP8 in ascending and descending colon mucosa of diarrhea-irritable bowel syndrome (D-IBS) patients and to study the relationship between IBS and AQP8 as well as the pathological mechanism for D-IBS.
  • METHODS: The proximal ascending colon and the distal descending colon of 26 D-IBS sufferers were resected.
  • Correlation analysis of the level of AQP8 mRNA expression in the ascending colon and descending colon was made, and relationship between the expression of AQP8 and the incidence and clinical features of D-IBS explored.
  • RESULTS: AQP8 expression was present in specimens of the ascending colon and descending colon of both healthy persons and D-IBS sufferers.
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Aged. Colon, Ascending. Colon, Descending. Female. Humans. Male. Middle Aged. RNA, Messenger / genetics

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  • (PMID = 17326999.001).
  • [ISSN] 0578-1426
  • [Journal-full-title] Zhonghua nei ke za zhi
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Zhonghua Nei Ke Za Zhi
  • [Language] chi
  • [Publication-type] Controlled Clinical Trial; English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] China
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Aquaglyceroporins; 0 / RNA, Messenger
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58. Yamaguchi M, Yamanoi A, Igarashi M, Obmori H, Yoshimura H, Tanaka T, Nagasue N: A resected case of liver metastasis from colon cancer that occurred 13 years after a colectomy. Hepatogastroenterology; 2008 Nov-Dec;55(88):2221-3
MedlinePlus Health Information. consumer health - Liver Cancer.

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  • [Title] A resected case of liver metastasis from colon cancer that occurred 13 years after a colectomy.
  • A 73-year-old man, who underwent a potentially curative resection of cancer of the descending colon 13 years before, was found to have a well-defined hepatic tumor on ultrasonography.
  • A lateral segmentectomy was performed for a solitary hepatic tumor.
  • Histopathological examination of the tumor indicated well differentiated adenocarcinoma compatible with the metastasis from the previous descending colon cancer.

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  • (PMID = 19260509.001).
  • [ISSN] 0172-6390
  • [Journal-full-title] Hepato-gastroenterology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Hepatogastroenterology
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Greece
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Carcinoembryonic Antigen
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59. Aggarwal S, Guleria S, Misra MC, Goswami R, Seth A, Kumar S: Transperitoneal, transmesocolic approach for laparoscopic excision of an extra-adrenal pheochromocytoma. J Laparoendosc Adv Surg Tech A; 2006 Jun;16(3):261-3
MedlinePlus Health Information. consumer health - Pheochromocytoma.

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  • The tumor was located inferior to the left renal hilum in the para-aortic region and was found bulging through the descending mesocolon at laparoscopy.
  • The tumor was removed without mobilization of the descending colon.

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  • (PMID = 16796436.001).
  • [ISSN] 1092-6429
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of laparoendoscopic & advanced surgical techniques. Part A
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Laparoendosc Adv Surg Tech A
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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60. Csillag C, Nielsen OH, Borup R, Olsen J, Bjerrum JT, Nielsen FC: CARD15 status and familial predisposition for Crohn's disease and colonic gene expression. Dig Dis Sci; 2007 Aug;52(8):1783-9
The Lens. Cited by Patents in .

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  • Tissue specimens from descending colon were obtained during colonoscopy from 45 CD patients (18 from areas with inflammation and 27 from noninflamed areas).
  • We conclude that gene expression profiling of mucosal biopsies from the descending colon of patients with CD could not be correlated with CARD15 status or with familial disposition for IBD.
  • [MeSH-minor] Adolescent. Adult. Colon. Female. Gene Expression. Genetic Predisposition to Disease / genetics. Humans. Male. Middle Aged. Mutation. Oligonucleotide Array Sequence Analysis

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  • NCI CPTC Antibody Characterization Program. NCI CPTC Antibody Characterization Program .
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  • (PMID = 17410442.001).
  • [ISSN] 0163-2116
  • [Journal-full-title] Digestive diseases and sciences
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Dig. Dis. Sci.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Comparative Study; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / NOD2 protein, human; 0 / Nod2 Signaling Adaptor Protein
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61. Deoti B, da Silva AL, Costa MZ, Dinali AC: Histological study of the left colon of rats after extra-mucosal seromyotomy (continent valves). Evaluation of colonic emptying. Acta Cir Bras; 2008 May-Jun;23(3):230-6

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Histological study of the left colon of rats after extra-mucosal seromyotomy (continent valves). Evaluation of colonic emptying.
  • PURPOSE: To elaborate an animal model with the objective of studying the continence of the biological valves surgically performed in the left colon of rats.
  • G1 (sham) animals which underwent laparotomy only; G2 (perineal amputation without valves): animals which underwent amputation of the anal sphincter complex combined with a perineal colostomy; G3 (abdominoperineal amputation combined with valves): animals which underwent abdominoperineal amputation combined with three, equidistant and circumferential (360 degrees), extra-mucosal seromyotomies, of the descending colon, which were sutured to create biological valves combined with perineal colostomy.
  • RESULTS: Surgical procedure provoked intestinal dilation, as well as segmented chambers along the descending colon.
  • Histopathology showed inflammation due to foreign body type reaction around the sutured colon causing partial concentric stenosis, capable of interfering normal mechanical activity of the distal colon.

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  • (PMID = 18552992.001).
  • [ISSN] 0102-8650
  • [Journal-full-title] Acta cirurgica brasileira
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Acta Cir Bras
  • [Language] ENG
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Brazil
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62. Ozawa T: [A case of polypoid type ganglioneuroma of the decsending colon]. Nihon Shokakibyo Gakkai Zasshi; 2008 Apr;105(4):543-9

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] [A case of polypoid type ganglioneuroma of the decsending colon].
  • Colonoscopy was revealed a solitary protrusion with irregular shape covered with red and discolored mucosa of the descending colon.
  • Therefore, Diagnosis of polypoid ganglioneuroma of the descending colon was made.
  • To a rare thing, our case was the 16th reported case of ganglioneuroma in large intestine without neurofibroma-1 or multiple endocrine neoplasm.

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  • (PMID = 18388446.001).
  • [ISSN] 0446-6586
  • [Journal-full-title] Nihon Shokakibyo Gakkai zasshi = The Japanese journal of gastro-enterology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Nihon Shokakibyo Gakkai Zasshi
  • [Language] jpn
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; English Abstract; Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] Japan
  • [Number-of-references] 19
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63. Papaxoinis K, Triantafyllou K, Sasco AJ, Nicolopoulou-Stamati P, Ladas SD: Subsite-specific differences of estrogen receptor beta expression in the normal colonic epithelium: implications for carcinogenesis and colorectal cancer epidemiology. Eur J Gastroenterol Hepatol; 2010 May;22(5):614-9
NCI CPTC Antibody Characterization Program. NCI CPTC Antibody Characterization Program .

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • METHODS: ER-beta, Ki-67, Bcl-2, and E-cadherin expressions were investigated immunohistochemically, in normal epithelium biopsies from the ascending and the descending colon of 53 individuals, who underwent colonoscopy for the investigation of anemia and in whom no local pathology was identified.
  • RESULTS: ER-beta immunoreactivity has been shown to be stronger at the superficial epithelium than the crypts' base, the difference being important only for the ascending colon.
  • In addition, ER-beta expression was higher in the superficial epithelium of the ascending colon than that of the descending colon.
  • This modulation of ER-beta might account for some well established specificities of colorectal cancer epidemiology like the right-sided predominance of the neoplasm in women and its gradual shift to more proximal sites over time.
  • [MeSH-major] Colon, Ascending / metabolism. Colon, Descending / metabolism. Colorectal Neoplasms / metabolism. Estrogen Receptor beta / metabolism. Intestinal Mucosa / metabolism

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  • (PMID = 20173645.001).
  • [ISSN] 1473-5687
  • [Journal-full-title] European journal of gastroenterology & hepatology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Eur J Gastroenterol Hepatol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Estrogen Receptor beta
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64. Chalise PR, Sharma UK, Gyawali PR, Shrestha GK, Joshi BR, Ghimire RK: Renocolic fistula following percutaneous nephrostomy: a case report. Nepal Med Coll J; 2009 Jun;11(2):143-4
NCI CPTAC Assay Portal. NCI CPTAC Assay Portal .

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  • Follow up antegrade pyelography diagnosed hydronephrotic left kidney with stone in renal pelvis with fistula communicating to descending colon.
  • Contrast enhanced computer tomography revealed left non excreting kidney with retrorenal colon and percutaneous nephrostomy tube passing through the descending colon.
  • The final diagnosis of post percutaneous nephrostomy renocolic fistula with non excreting left kidney was made and treated with ligation of fistulous tract and nephrectomy.

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  • (PMID = 19968160.001).
  • [Journal-full-title] Nepal Medical College journal : NMCJ
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Nepal Med Coll J
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Nepal
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Contrast Media
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65. Oishi K, Fukuda S, Sakimoto H, Eto T, Takahashi M, Nishida T: Angiomyolipoma of the colon: report of a case. Surg Today; 2009;39(11):998-1001

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Angiomyolipoma of the colon: report of a case.
  • Angiomyolipomas are benign mesenchymal tumors mostly arising from the kidney.
  • Angiomyolipoma of the colon is extremely rare.
  • Here we report the findings of a 51-year-old man who presented with a submucosal tumor covered with normal mucosa and hemorrhage in the descending colon.
  • He underwent a partial resection of the descending colon.
  • A histopathological examination showed that the tumor of 5.7 cm in diameter included smooth muscle (spindle cell type), mature adipose tissue, and vessels, and therefore a diagnosis of angiomyolipoma was made.
  • A submucosal type of angiomyolipoma of the colon is extremely rare.
  • When colonoscopy shows a submucosal tumor of the colon with hemorrhage, angiomyolipoma should be considered.
  • If an angiomyolipoma of the colon is large, surgical resection should be considered as a treatment option due to the risk of hemorrhage.
  • [MeSH-minor] Biopsy. Colonoscopy. Diagnosis, Differential. Humans. Male. Middle Aged

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  • (PMID = 19882325.001).
  • [ISSN] 1436-2813
  • [Journal-full-title] Surgery today
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Surg. Today
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Japan
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66. Li SY, Jiang JK, Chang YH, Wu TC, Yang WC, Ng YY: Recurrent retroperitoneal abscess due to perforated colonic diverticulitis in a patient with polycystic kidney disease. J Chin Med Assoc; 2009 Mar;72(3):153-5
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • Fistulography with injection of diluted contrast medium via the pig-tail catheter showed an accumulation of contrast medium in the descending colon, which indicated a fistula between the abscess and the descending colon.
  • A portion of the descending colon was resected, and multiple diverticulitis with 1 perforation in the resected specimen was observed.
  • The findings support a diagnosis of retroperitoneal abscess caused by a perforated diverticulum---an extrarenal manifestation of ADPKD.


67. Sjo OH, Lunde OC, Nygaard K, Sandvik L, Nesbakken A: Tumour location is a prognostic factor for survival in colonic cancer patients. Colorectal Dis; 2008 Jan;10(1):33-40

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Tumour location is a prognostic factor for survival in colonic cancer patients.
  • OBJECTIVE: To evaluate survival and prognostic factors in a consecutive series of colon cancer patients from a defined city population in Norway.
  • METHOD: All patients with adenocarcinoma of the colon diagnosed between 1993 and 2000 were registered prospectively.
  • Tumour location in the transverse colon, splenic flexure and descending colon (OR = 1.8), emergency operation (OR = 1.7), TNM stage (OR = 1.8-2.9), blood transfusion of more than two units (OR = 1.8) and age (OR = 4.0-7.1) were independent negative prognostic factors.
  • CONCLUSION: Colon cancer located in the transverse and descending colon is associated with poor prognosis.
  • [MeSH-major] Adenocarcinoma / mortality. Adenocarcinoma / surgery. Colectomy / methods. Colonic Neoplasms / mortality. Colonic Neoplasms / surgery. Neoplasm Recurrence, Local / pathology
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Aged. Aged, 80 and over. Anastomosis, Surgical / adverse effects. Anastomosis, Surgical / methods. Biopsy, Needle. Cohort Studies. Colonoscopy / methods. Female. Humans. Immunohistochemistry. Male. Middle Aged. Neoplasm Staging. Norway. Prognosis. Proportional Hazards Models. Registries. Retrospective Studies. Risk Assessment. Survival Analysis. Time Factors. Treatment Outcome

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  • (PMID = 17672872.001).
  • [ISSN] 1463-1318
  • [Journal-full-title] Colorectal disease : the official journal of the Association of Coloproctology of Great Britain and Ireland
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Colorectal Dis
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] England
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68. Kalahanis N, Pikoulis E, Kontos N, Papaconstantinou I, Tziogios I, Gougoudi E, Prassas E, Bakogiannis C, Griniatsos J, Bastounis E: [Restoration of the continuity of the colon with preservation of an existing colostomy]. Zentralbl Chir; 2007 Apr;132(2):151-3; discussion 154
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] [Restoration of the continuity of the colon with preservation of an existing colostomy].
  • A new technique for the restoration of the continuity of the colon with preservation of an existing colostomy is described here.
  • A 75-year-old male with a three-year history of abdominal-perineal resection and a well functioning end colostomy was admitted to our department for a second primary cancer of the descending colon.
  • At operation the colon was divided close to the abdominal wall; the colostomy was left in situ while the descending colon and mesocolon were radically resected.
  • Still, the viability of the colostomy after its separation of the rest of the colon and mesocolon has to be ensured before proceeding.

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  • (PMID = 17516323.001).
  • [ISSN] 0044-409X
  • [Journal-full-title] Zentralblatt für Chirurgie
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Zentralbl Chir
  • [Language] ger
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Germany
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69. Bergheim I, Bode C, Parlesak A: Distribution of cytochrome P450 2C, 2E1, 3A4, and 3A5 in human colon mucosa. BMC Clin Pharmacol; 2005;5:4

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Distribution of cytochrome P450 2C, 2E1, 3A4, and 3A5 in human colon mucosa.
  • BACKGROUND: Despite the fact that the alimentary tract is part of the body's first line of defense against orally ingested xenobiotica, little is known about the distribution and expression of cytochrome P450 (CYP) enzymes in human colon.
  • Therefore, expression and protein levels of four representative CYPs (CYP2C(8), CYP2E1, CYP3A4, and CYP3A5) were determined in human colon mucosa biopsies obtained from ascending, descending and sigmoid colon.
  • METHODS: Expression of CYP2C, CYP2E1, CYP3A4, and CYP3A5 mRNA in colon mucosa was determined by RT-PCR.
  • However, expression of CYP2C mRNA levels were significantly higher in the ascending colon than in the sigmoid colon.
  • In contrast, mRNA levels of CYP2E1 and CYP3A5 were significantly lower in the ascending colon in comparison to the descending and sigmoid colon.
  • In sigmoid colon protein levels of CYP2C8 were significantly higher by ~73% than in the descending colon.
  • In contrast, protein concentration of CYP2E1 was significantly lower by ~81% in the sigmoid colon in comparison to the descending colon.
  • CONCLUSION: The current data suggest that the expression of CYP2C, CYP2E1, and CYP3A5 varies in different parts of the colon.
  • [MeSH-major] Colon / enzymology. Cytochrome P-450 CYP2E1 / pharmacokinetics. Cytochrome P-450 Enzyme System / pharmacokinetics. Intestinal Mucosa / enzymology
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Aged. Aged, 80 and over. Colon, Ascending / enzymology. Colon, Descending / enzymology. Colon, Sigmoid / enzymology. Cytochrome P-450 CYP3A. Female. Gene Expression Regulation, Enzymologic / physiology. Humans. Male. Middle Aged

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  • (PMID = 16253141.001).
  • [ISSN] 1472-6904
  • [Journal-full-title] BMC clinical pharmacology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] BMC Clin Pharmacol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Comparative Study; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / cytochrome P-450 CYP2C subfamily; 9035-51-2 / Cytochrome P-450 Enzyme System; EC 1.14.13.- / Cytochrome P-450 CYP2E1; EC 1.14.13.67 / CYP3A4 protein, human; EC 1.14.14.1 / CYP3A protein, human; EC 1.14.14.1 / CYP3A5 protein, human; EC 1.14.14.1 / Cytochrome P-450 CYP3A
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC1291361
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70. Shimoyama T, Tamura Y, Sakamoto T, Inoue K: Immune-mediated myositis in Crohn's disease. Muscle Nerve; 2009 Jan;39(1):101-5
Hazardous Substances Data Bank. MESALAMINE .

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • Due to uncontrolled bowel inflammation, several fistulae were found in the descending colon, and partial colectomy was performed.
  • An examination of the resected colon exhibited inflammation of the bowel structure surrounded mainly by CD68-positive macrophages.
  • The histopathological findings of the descending colon were analogous to those of the muscle.
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Anti-Inflammatory Agents, Non-Steroidal / administration & dosage. Antigens, CD / immunology. Antigens, Differentiation, Myelomonocytic / immunology. Biopsy. CD4-Positive T-Lymphocytes / cytology. CD4-Positive T-Lymphocytes / immunology. Colectomy. Colon / immunology. Colon / pathology. Colon / physiopathology. Creatine Kinase / analysis. Creatine Kinase / blood. Electromyography. Female. Humans. Lymphocyte Activation / immunology. Macrophages / cytology. Macrophages / immunology. Magnetic Resonance Imaging. Mesalamine / administration & dosage. Muscle Weakness / immunology. Muscle Weakness / pathology. Muscle Weakness / physiopathology. Neck Muscles / immunology. Neck Muscles / pathology. Neck Muscles / physiopathology. Treatment Outcome

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  • [Copyright] (c) 2008 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
  • (PMID = 19086077.001).
  • [ISSN] 0148-639X
  • [Journal-full-title] Muscle & nerve
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Muscle Nerve
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Anti-Inflammatory Agents, Non-Steroidal; 0 / Antigens, CD; 0 / Antigens, Differentiation, Myelomonocytic; 0 / CD68 antigen, human; 4Q81I59GXC / Mesalamine; EC 2.7.3.2 / Creatine Kinase
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71. Kim HC, Nam SW, Cho YK, Jeong HJ, Kim SI, Kim SH, An CM, Kim IH, Kim SW, Lee SO, Lee ST: [A case of Non-Hodgkin's lymphoma in a patient with Crohn's disease]. Korean J Gastroenterol; 2006 Mar;47(3):233-7
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • A 40-year-old man with 10 year-history of Crohn's disease had multiple longitudinal ulcerative lesions on descending colon in follow-up colonoscopic examination.
  • Microscopic examination of proximal descending colon revealed peripheral T cell lymphoma and other site of the descending colon was consistent with Crohn's disease.
  • He has been well for 10 months with sulfasalazine maintenance therapy but was admitted to the hospital due to spontaneous bowel perforation of ascending colon.

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  • (PMID = 16554679.001).
  • [ISSN] 1598-9992
  • [Journal-full-title] The Korean journal of gastroenterology = Taehan Sohwagi Hakhoe chi
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Korean J Gastroenterol
  • [Language] kor
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Korea (South)
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72. van der Veek PP, Steenvoorden M, Steens J, van der Schaar PJ, Brussee J, Masclee AA: Recto-colonic reflex is impaired in patients with irritable bowel syndrome. Neurogastroenterol Motil; 2007 Aug;19(8):653-9
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • We studied rectal compliance, perception and the recto-colonic reflex by measuring volume responses of the descending colon to rectal distentions by barostat in 26 IBS patients and 13 healthy controls under both fasting and postprandial conditions.
  • Rectal distention inhibits tonic and phasic motility of the descending colon in healthy controls and in IBS patients.
  • [MeSH-major] Colon, Descending / physiology. Irritable Bowel Syndrome / physiopathology. Rectum / physiology. Reflex, Abnormal / physiology

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  • (PMID = 17640180.001).
  • [ISSN] 1350-1925
  • [Journal-full-title] Neurogastroenterology and motility : the official journal of the European Gastrointestinal Motility Society
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Neurogastroenterol. Motil.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] England
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73. Ahmed S, Macfarlane GT, Fite A, McBain AJ, Gilbert P, Macfarlane S: Mucosa-associated bacterial diversity in relation to human terminal ileum and colonic biopsy samples. Appl Environ Microbiol; 2007 Nov;73(22):7435-42
The Lens. Cited by Patents in .

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • The objectives of this study were to investigate the compositions of these populations in the distal small bowel and colon.
  • Healthy mucosal tissue from either the terminal ileum (n = 6) or ascending (n = 8), transverse (n = 8), or descending colon (n = 4) of 26 patients (age, 68.5 +/- 1.2 years [mean +/- standard deviation]) undergoing emergency resection of the large bowel was used to study these communities.
  • DGGE banding profiles from all the gut regions exhibited at least 45% homology, with five descending colon profiles clustering at ca.
  • Real-time PCR showed that mucosal bacterial population densities were highest in the terminal ileum and that there were no significant differences in overall bacterial numbers in different parts of the colon.
  • Eubacterium rectale (P = 0.0004) and Faecalibacterium prausnitzii (P = 0.001) were dominant in the ascending and descending colon.
  • [MeSH-major] Bacteria / genetics. Colon / microbiology. Ileum / microbiology. Intestinal Mucosa / microbiology

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  • (PMID = 17890331.001).
  • [ISSN] 0099-2240
  • [Journal-full-title] Applied and environmental microbiology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Appl. Environ. Microbiol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Databank-accession-numbers] GENBANK/ AM850147/ AM850148/ AM850149/ AM850150/ AM850151/ AM850152/ AM850153/ AM850154/ AM850155/ AM850156/ AM850157/ AM850158/ AM850159/ AM850160/ AM850161/ AM850162/ AM850163/ AM850164/ AM850165/ AM850166/ AM850167/ AM850168/ AM850169/ AM850170/ AM850171/ AM850172/ AM850173/ AM850174/ AM850175/ AM850176/ AM850177/ AM850178/ AM850179/ AM850180/ AM850181
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / DNA, Bacterial; 0 / RNA, Ribosomal, 16S
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC2168195
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74. Shafik A, Shafik AA, El Sibai O, Ahmed I, Mostafa RM: Role of the rectosigmoidal junction in fecal continence: concept of the primary continent mechanism. Arch Surg; 2006 Jan;141(1):23-6
MedlinePlus Health Information. consumer health - Bowel Movement.

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • HYPOTHESIS: At mass contraction of the descending colon, the colonic contents stop at the sigmoid colon (SC) and do not pass directly to the rectum.
  • We investigated the hypothesis that a continent mechanism seems to exist at the rectosigmoidal junction (RSJ), preventing the direct passage of stools from the descending colon to the rectum.
  • This reflex seems to prevent the descending colon contents from passing directly to the rectum.
  • [MeSH-major] Colon, Sigmoid / physiology. Defecation / physiology. Rectum / physiology
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Colon / physiology. Female. Humans. Male. Middle Aged. Muscle Contraction. Pressure

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  • (PMID = 16415407.001).
  • [ISSN] 0004-0010
  • [Journal-full-title] Archives of surgery (Chicago, Ill. : 1960)
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Arch Surg
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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75. Hirasaki S, Okuda M, Kudo K, Suzuki S, Shirakawa A: Inflammatory myoglandular polyp causing hematochezia. World J Gastroenterol; 2008 Sep 14;14(34):5353-5
MedlinePlus Health Information. consumer health - Gastrointestinal Bleeding.

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • Colonoscopy revealed a red, hard, spherical peduncular polyp with erosion and mucous exudation, about 20 mm in diameter, in the descending colon.
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Diagnosis, Differential. Granulation Tissue / pathology. Humans. Inflammation / pathology. Male. Muscle, Smooth / pathology

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  • (PMID = 18785292.001).
  • [ISSN] 2219-2840
  • [Journal-full-title] World journal of gastroenterology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] World J. Gastroenterol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] China
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC2744070
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76. Eriguchi Y, Tsunada S, Amemori S, Watanabe K, Fujise T, Kikkawa A, Ootani H, Ootani A, Sakata H, Iwakiri R, Mizuguchi M, Fujimoto K: [A case of relapsed ischemic colitis with colon cast-like stripped mucosa]. Nihon Shokakibyo Gakkai Zasshi; 2006 Oct;103(10):1152-6
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] [A case of relapsed ischemic colitis with colon cast-like stripped mucosa].
  • Colonoscopic examination performed on the 2nd day revealed colon cast-like stripped colonic mucosa in the lower portion of the descending colon.
  • Most reports of colon cast indicated that colon cast was caused by abdominal aneurysm, operation, or external wound.
  • Arteriosclerosis and chronic constipation might be the important risk factors of ischemic colitis with colon cast and relapsing of ischemic colitis.

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  • (PMID = 17023758.001).
  • [ISSN] 0446-6586
  • [Journal-full-title] Nihon Shokakibyo Gakkai zasshi = The Japanese journal of gastro-enterology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Nihon Shokakibyo Gakkai Zasshi
  • [Language] jpn
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; English Abstract; Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] Japan
  • [Number-of-references] 17
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77. Takaya J, Teraguchi M, Ikemoto Y, Yoshimura K, Yamato F, Higashino H, Kobayashi Y, Kaneko K: Turner syndrome associated with ulcerative colitis. Clin Pediatr Endocrinol; 2006;15(3):97-100

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • The diagnosis of Turner syndrome was made in early infancy (karyotype analysis 45, X).
  • Barium enema showed aphtha and loss of the fine network pattern in the descending colon and rectum.
  • An endoscopic examination showed ulceration, edema, friability, and erythema beginning in the rectum and extending up to the splenic flexure of the descending colon.
  • The histology of the descending colon area showed severe stromal infiltration of inflammatory cells.

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  • (PMID = 24790328.001).
  • [ISSN] 0918-5739
  • [Journal-full-title] Clinical pediatric endocrinology : case reports and clinical investigations : official journal of the Japanese Society for Pediatric Endocrinology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Clin Pediatr Endocrinol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Japan
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC4004840
  • [Keywords] NOTNLM ; GH therapy / Turner syndrome / growth velocity / ulcerative colitis
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78. Fedorov AV, Kriger AG, Berelavichus SV, Efanov MG, Gorin DS: [Robotic-assisted abdominal surgery]. Khirurgiia (Mosk); 2010;(1):16-21

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • Five liver resections were performed for nonparasitic hepatic cyst or fibronodular hyperplasia, one case of splenectomy - for nonparasitic spleen cyst abscess, distal pancreatic resection - for cystocarcinoma of the pancreas, adrenalectomy, gastric fundal resection - for gastrointestinal stromal tumor and one case of left hemicolectomy - for adenocarcinoma of the descending colon.

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  • (PMID = 20336039.001).
  • [ISSN] 0023-1207
  • [Journal-full-title] Khirurgiia
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Khirurgiia (Mosk)
  • [Language] rus
  • [Publication-type] Comparative Study; English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Russia (Federation)
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79. Komuro H, Takahashi MI, Matoba K, Hori T, Hirai M, Gotoh C, Kaneko M: Rare association of severe hypoplasia of the abdominal aorta with imperforate anus, colonic atresia, and choledochal cyst. Pediatr Surg Int; 2006 Mar;22(3):289-92
MedlinePlus Health Information. consumer health - Colonic Diseases.

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • This patient showed CA in the descending colon and caliber change in the transverse colon mimicking Hirschsprung disease, both of which were thought to be caused by vascular insult to the mesentery due to HAA.
  • [MeSH-major] Abnormalities, Multiple. Anus, Imperforate / diagnosis. Aorta, Abdominal / abnormalities. Aortic Diseases / congenital. Choledochal Cyst / diagnosis. Colon, Descending / abnormalities. Colonic Diseases / congenital
  • [MeSH-minor] Diagnosis, Differential. Digestive System Surgical Procedures / methods. Humans. Infant, Newborn. Male. Vascular Surgical Procedures / methods

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  • (PMID = 16311737.001).
  • [ISSN] 0179-0358
  • [Journal-full-title] Pediatric surgery international
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Pediatr. Surg. Int.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Germany
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80. Freitas GP, Borges Ade A, Mendonça R, Ribeiro C, Chindamo MC: [Epiploic appendagitis: clinical and radiological aspects]. Arq Gastroenterol; 2008 Apr-Jun;45(2):163-5
MedlinePlus Health Information. consumer health - Abdominal Pain.

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • Data of 44 patients with a clinical diagnosis of appendagitis were retrospectively evaluated regarding laboratory and imaging findings.
  • They were admitted to Barra D'Or Hospital, Rio de Janeiro, RJ, from February 2005 to September 2006.
  • Diagnosis was obtained through computed tomography showing paracolic oval lesions, mainly over the descending colon in 52% of patients.

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  • (PMID = 18622473.001).
  • [ISSN] 0004-2803
  • [Journal-full-title] Arquivos de gastroenterologia
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Arq Gastroenterol
  • [Language] por
  • [Publication-type] English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Brazil
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81. Kim BC, Cheon JH, Lee SK, Kim TI, Kim H, Kim WH: Needle knife-assisted endoscopic polypectomy for a large inflammatory fibroid colon polyp by making its stalk into an omega shape using an endoloop. Yonsei Med J; 2008 Aug 30;49(4):680-6
MedlinePlus Health Information. consumer health - Colonoscopy.

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Needle knife-assisted endoscopic polypectomy for a large inflammatory fibroid colon polyp by making its stalk into an omega shape using an endoloop.
  • Colonic inflammatory fibroid polyp (IFP) is an uncommon benign polypoid lesion, which is composed of fibroblasts, numerous small vessels and edematous connective tissue with marked eosinophilic inflammatory cell infiltration.
  • This condition is frequently detected in the stomach and small intestine, but uncommon in the colon.
  • Although IFP is a benign lesion, surgical resections are performed in most colonic cases because the polyps are usually too large to resect endoscopically.
  • Here, we present a case of IFP in the descending colon successful endoscopically resected using a novel technique of trapping its stalk with an endoloop, forming the stalk into an omega shape, and then dissecting the stalk with a needle knife.

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  • (PMID = 18729316.001).
  • [ISSN] 0513-5796
  • [Journal-full-title] Yonsei medical journal
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Yonsei Med. J.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Korea (South)
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC2615300
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82. Montes Teves P, Salazar Ventura S, Ramos Barrientos M: [Giant colonic lipoma as a cause of lower digestive hemorrhage. Report of a case]. Rev Gastroenterol Peru; 2007 Jul-Sep;27(3):307-9
MedlinePlus Health Information. consumer health - Gastrointestinal Bleeding.

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Transliterated title] Lipoma colónico gigante como causa de hemorragia digestiva baja: reporte de un caso.
  • A colonoscopy was performed which showed a tumor that completely occluded the light in the descending colon.
  • A segmentary colectomy was performed, establishing the diagnosis of colonic lipoma.

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  • (PMID = 17934546.001).
  • [ISSN] 1022-5129
  • [Journal-full-title] Revista de gastroenterología del Perú : órgano oficial de la Sociedad de Gastroenterología del Perú
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Rev Gastroenterol Peru
  • [Language] spa
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Peru
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83. Abdulzhavadov IM: [Necrosis of epiploic appendages of the colon]. Khirurgiia (Mosk); 2006;(2):44-6
MedlinePlus Health Information. consumer health - Peritoneal Disorders.

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] [Necrosis of epiploic appendages of the colon].
  • Fifty-two patients with necrosis of epiploic appendages (EA) of the colon were treated.
  • Necrosis of EA of the appendix was diagnosed in 4 (7,7%) patients, caecum - in 7 (13,5%), ascending colon - in 5 (9,6%), descending colon - in 2 (3,8%), and sigmoid colon - in 34 (65,4%) cases.
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Aged. Diagnosis, Differential. Female. Follow-Up Studies. Humans. Laparotomy. Male. Middle Aged. Necrosis / pathology. Necrosis / surgery. Treatment Outcome

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  • (PMID = 16715984.001).
  • [ISSN] 0023-1207
  • [Journal-full-title] Khirurgiia
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Khirurgiia (Mosk)
  • [Language] rus
  • [Publication-type] Comparative Study; English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Russia (Federation)
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84. Sulzyc-Bielicka V, Kuźna-Grygiel W, Kołodziejczyk L, Bielicki D, Kładny J, Stepień-Korzonek M, Telatyńska-Smieszek B: Cryptosporidiosis in patients with colorectal cancer. J Parasitol; 2007 Jun;93(3):722-4
MedlinePlus Health Information. consumer health - Cryptosporidiosis.

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  • Coproantigens of this parasite were detected primarily in the patients with tumors located on the left side (in the sigmoid and descending colon).


85. Kim TO, Lee JH, Kim GH, Heo J, Kang DH, Song GA, Cho M: Adult intussusception caused by cystic lymphangioma of the colon: a rare case report. World J Gastroenterol; 2006 Apr 7;12(13):2130-2
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  • [Title] Adult intussusception caused by cystic lymphangioma of the colon: a rare case report.
  • We experienced a case of intussusception caused by cys- tic lymphangioma of the colon in a 32 years old female who was admitted to our hospital for the chief complaint of bloody stool.
  • In the colonoscopic examination, cystic mass with stalk which had smooth mucosal surface was noted at the descending colon.
  • Abdominal ultrasonography and computed tomography revealed left colon intussusception with a multilocular cystic tumor as a leading point.
  • The pathological diagnosis was cystic lymphangioma of the colon.
  • Although intussusception due to lymphangioma in an adult are rare, it should be taken into consideration that it is possible diagnosis.

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  • [Cites] Acta Gastroenterol Belg. 2000 Apr-Jun;63(2):239-41 [10925478.001]
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  • (PMID = 16610070.001).
  • [ISSN] 1007-9327
  • [Journal-full-title] World journal of gastroenterology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] World J. Gastroenterol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] China
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC4087698
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86. Bastidas JG, Danzy LE, Blackwell L, Bostick PJ, Hayden R: Epiploic appendagitis in a 24-year-old woman. Am J Emerg Med; 2008 Sep;26(7):838.e1-2
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • Necrotic epiploic appendagitis was found on the descending colon, which was removed laparoscopically.
  • [MeSH-major] Abdominal Pain / etiology. Appendicitis / physiopathology. Colon, Descending / pathology

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  • (PMID = 18774058.001).
  • [ISSN] 1532-8171
  • [Journal-full-title] The American journal of emergency medicine
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Am J Emerg Med
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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87. Penninckx F, Van den Eynde W, D'Hoore A, Miserez M: Ileocecal interposition for Hirschsprung's disease: a case report. Colorectal Dis; 2008 Nov;10(9):955-6
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • An ileocecal interposition (ICI) between the descending colon and anus was performed in a girl, 14 months old, with congenital aganglionosis up to the sigmoid colon.
  • The left colon could not safely be mobilised because the paracolic arcade had been interupted during a preceding colostomy construction.
  • [MeSH-minor] Colon, Sigmoid / surgery. Colostomy. Enema. Female. Humans. Infant. Rectum / surgery

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  • (PMID = 18294263.001).
  • [ISSN] 1463-1318
  • [Journal-full-title] Colorectal disease : the official journal of the Association of Coloproctology of Great Britain and Ireland
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Colorectal Dis
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] England
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88. Yang B, Jiang SX, Fan ZL: [Pneumoscrotum induced by spontaneous colon perforation: a case report and review of the literature]. Zhonghua Nan Ke Xue; 2007 Aug;13(8):744-5
MedlinePlus Health Information. consumer health - Colonic Diseases.

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] [Pneumoscrotum induced by spontaneous colon perforation: a case report and review of the literature].
  • One case of pneumoscrotum associated with spontaneous colon perforation was reported.
  • Surgical investigation discovered a retroperitoneal perforation in the descending colon connected with a huge retroperitoneal vomica and scrotal sac.
  • Spontaneous colon perforation induced pneumoscrotum is rare clinically.
  • It may present as colon perforation, which calls for special attention.

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  • (PMID = 17918718.001).
  • [ISSN] 1009-3591
  • [Journal-full-title] Zhonghua nan ke xue = National journal of andrology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Zhonghua Nan Ke Xue
  • [Language] chi
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; English Abstract; Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] China
  • [Number-of-references] 5
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89. Wilcher GW: Toothpick perforation of a colon diverticulum: an adjunct autopsy finding. Med Sci Law; 2010 Jul;50(3):156-8
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  • [Title] Toothpick perforation of a colon diverticulum: an adjunct autopsy finding.
  • The forensic autopsy revealed as an adjunct finding a mechanical trauma to the descending colon, being a perforation of a colon diverticulum due to an ingested toothpick.
  • [MeSH-major] Colon / injuries. Colon / pathology. Foreign Bodies / pathology. Wounds, Penetrating / pathology
  • [MeSH-minor] Accidents, Traffic. Aged, 80 and over. Cardiac Tamponade / etiology. Diverticulum, Colon / pathology. Forensic Pathology. Heart Ventricles / injuries. Humans. Incidental Findings. Male

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  • (PMID = 21133269.001).
  • [ISSN] 0025-8024
  • [Journal-full-title] Medicine, science, and the law
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Med Sci Law
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] England
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90. Shioiri M, Seike K, Kametaka H, Makino H, Miura S, Okubo Y, Fujisaki K, Koyama T: [A case of primary retroperitoneal malignant fibrous histiocytoma]. Gan To Kagaku Ryoho; 2009 Nov;36(12):2357-8
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  • Several examinations could point out a large left sided retroperitoneal tumor.
  • Because the tumor was adherent to the descending colon, both were removed.
  • Based on histological and immunohistochemical inspection, the tumor was diagnosed as malignant fibrous histocytoma (MFH) on retroperitoneum.

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  • (PMID = 20037421.001).
  • [ISSN] 0385-0684
  • [Journal-full-title] Gan to kagaku ryoho. Cancer & chemotherapy
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Gan To Kagaku Ryoho
  • [Language] jpn
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Japan
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91. Kramer A, Kyles AE, Labelle P: Surgical correction of colonic duplication in a cat. J Am Anim Hosp Assoc; 2007 Mar-Apr;43(2):128-31
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • Imaging tests revealed a cystic mass associated with the descending colon.
  • Complete resection of a noncommunicating duplicate colon may allow successful treatment of this condition and resolution of associated clinical signs.
  • [MeSH-major] Cat Diseases / congenital. Cat Diseases / surgery. Colon / abnormalities. Colon / surgery. Intestinal Diseases / veterinary

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  • (PMID = 17339291.001).
  • [ISSN] 1547-3317
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of the American Animal Hospital Association
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Am Anim Hosp Assoc
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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92. Glisić R, Koko V, Todorović V, Drndarević N, Cvijić G: Serotonin-producing enterochromaffin (EC) cells of gastrointestinal mucosa in dexamethasone-treated rats. Regul Pept; 2006 Sep 11;136(1-3):30-9
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  • However, the number of EC cells per circular sections of both antrum and small intestine was increased, but reduced both in the ascending and descending colon in D group.
  • The dexamethasone treatment caused a strong reduction in number of granules in the antral EC cells, while it was gradually increased beginning from the jejunum to descending colon.

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  • (PMID = 16777244.001).
  • [ISSN] 0167-0115
  • [Journal-full-title] Regulatory peptides
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Regul. Pept.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] Netherlands
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Anti-Inflammatory Agents; 0 / Insulin; 333DO1RDJY / Serotonin; 7S5I7G3JQL / Dexamethasone; IY9XDZ35W2 / Glucose
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93. Polydorides AD, Banner BF, Hannaway PJ, Yantiss RK: Evaluation of site-specific and seasonal variation in colonic mucosal eosinophils. Hum Pathol; 2008 Jun;39(6):832-6

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • Several systemic disorders and gastrointestinal diseases may be associated with increased colonic mucosal eosinophils, which may vary in number throughout the normal colon.
  • The aims of this study were to determine the number of intramucosal eosinophils normally present throughout the colon and evaluate the relationship between colonic eosinophilia and seasonal allergen exposure.
  • Eosinophils in the crypt epithelium and lamina propria were evaluated in 198 mucosal biopsy specimens obtained from the ascending (n = 98) and descending (n = 100) colon of patients with normal colonoscopic examinations.
  • Fifty-five percent of mucosal biopsy specimens from the ascending colon contained eosinophils in the crypt epithelium, compared with only 5% of biopsy specimens from the descending colon (P < .001).
  • Lamina propria eosinophils were, on average, 3 times more numerous in the ascending compared with the descending colon (P < .001).
  • We conclude that intramucosal eosinophils are commonly present in the proximal colon but show only mild fluctuations with ambient allergen exposure.
  • [MeSH-major] Colon / cytology. Eosinophils / cytology. Intestinal Mucosa / cytology. Seasons

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  • (PMID = 18430454.001).
  • [ISSN] 1532-8392
  • [Journal-full-title] Human pathology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Hum. Pathol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Allergens
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94. Tseng KC, Sheu BS, Lee JC, Tsai HM, Chiu NT, Dai YC: Application of technetium-99m-labeled human serum albumin scan to assist surgical treatment of protein-losing enteropathy in Cronkhite-Canada syndrome: report of a case. Dis Colon Rectum; 2005 Apr;48(4):870-3
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  • Technetium-99m-labeled human serum albumin scan confirmed the patient to have protein-losing enteropathy, which originated from the transverse and descending colon.

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  • (PMID = 15768184.001).
  • [ISSN] 0012-3706
  • [Journal-full-title] Diseases of the colon and rectum
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Dis. Colon Rectum
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Serum Albumin; 7440-26-8 / Technetium
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95. Zeiler M, Santarelli S, Cangiotti AM, Agostinelli RM, Monteburini T, Marinelli R, Ceraudo E, Cutini G: Giant mesenteric cyst of mesothelial origin in a haemodialysis patient with previous peritoneal dialysis therapy. Nephrol Dial Transplant; 2010 Mar;25(3):1004-6
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • Three months after surgery, ultrasound detected a local recurrence at the descending colon.
  • [MeSH-major] Hydronephrosis / therapy. Mesenteric Cyst / diagnosis. Peritoneal Dialysis. Renal Dialysis

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  • (PMID = 20031933.001).
  • [ISSN] 1460-2385
  • [Journal-full-title] Nephrology, dialysis, transplantation : official publication of the European Dialysis and Transplant Association - European Renal Association
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Nephrol. Dial. Transplant.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] England
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96. Yoo SS, Choi SK, Lee DH, Jeong S, Park SH, Chung YK, Kim HG, Shin YW: [A case of colon obstruction developed as a complication of acute pancreatitis]. Korean J Gastroenterol; 2008 Apr;51(4):255-8
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] [A case of colon obstruction developed as a complication of acute pancreatitis].
  • It is known that colonic obstruction in acute pancreatitis is more likely found in splenic flexure and transverse colon caused by severe inflammation of body and tail of pancreas leading to pressure necrosis.
  • Upon the second admission, abdominal CT scan revealed multiple pseudocysts in the tail portion of pancreas with concominant wall thickening and narrowing of the proximal descending colon, and a dilatation of the bowel proximal to the splenic flexure.
  • An obstruction of the descending colon as a complication of acute pancreatitis was suspected and the patient underwent left hemicolectomy.
  • [MeSH-major] Colonic Diseases / diagnosis. Intestinal Obstruction / diagnosis. Pancreatitis, Alcoholic / complications
  • [MeSH-minor] Acute Disease. Adult. Colectomy. Diagnosis, Differential. Humans. Male. Tomography, X-Ray Computed

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  • (PMID = 18516005.001).
  • [ISSN] 1598-9992
  • [Journal-full-title] The Korean journal of gastroenterology = Taehan Sohwagi Hakhoe chi
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Korean J Gastroenterol
  • [Language] kor
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Korea (South)
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97. Wattchow D, Brookes S, Murphy E, Carbone S, de Fontgalland D, Costa M: Regional variation in the neurochemical coding of the myenteric plexus of the human colon and changes in patients with slow transit constipation. Neurogastroenterol Motil; 2008 Dec;20(12):1298-305
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Regional variation in the neurochemical coding of the myenteric plexus of the human colon and changes in patients with slow transit constipation.
  • There are differences in the structure and function between regions of the colon.
  • In the normal major populations were NOS alone (51% of ascending colon neurones and 44% of descending colon neurones) and ChAT alone (41% ascending colon, 48% descending colon).
  • In all regions in severe constipation, the percentage of NOS-only colonic myenteric neurones was raised (54% ascending colon, 49% descending colon) and ChAT only was reduced (36% ascending colon, 42% descending colon).
  • Accurate quantification of neuronal populations in whole mounts of human colon reveals inter-regional differences in innervation and marked changes in innervation in cases of very severe constipation.
  • [MeSH-major] Colon / innervation. Constipation / pathology. Myenteric Plexus / pathology

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  • (PMID = 18662329.001).
  • [ISSN] 1365-2982
  • [Journal-full-title] Neurogastroenterology and motility : the official journal of the European Gastrointestinal Motility Society
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Neurogastroenterol. Motil.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Chemical-registry-number] EC 1.14.13.39 / Nitric Oxide Synthase; EC 2.3.1.6 / Choline O-Acetyltransferase
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98. Halim MA, Said T, Nair P, Schmidt I, Hassan A, Johny KV, Al-Muzairai I, Samhan M, Nampoory MR, Al-Mousawi M: De novo Crohn's disease in a renal transplant recipient. Transplant Proc; 2007 May;39(4):1278-9
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  • [Title] De novo Crohn's disease in a renal transplant recipient.
  • Colonoscopy showed active segmental colitis with aphthous ulcers, involving the proximal descending colon and the splenic flexure.
  • Colonic biopsies showed distended and branched crypts in the ascending colon, moderate active chronic colitis with regenerative atypia, skipping appearance, and ulceration in the splenic flexure and descending colon.
  • The edematous crypts were associated with ulcerations in the sigmoid colon and rectum.
  • We concluded that de novo Crohn's disease may develop in renal transplant recipients despite immunosuppressive therapy especially with MMF immunosuppression.

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  • (PMID = 17524953.001).
  • [ISSN] 0041-1345
  • [Journal-full-title] Transplantation proceedings
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Transplant. Proc.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Immunosuppressive Agents; 9242ECW6R0 / mycophenolate mofetil; HU9DX48N0T / Mycophenolic Acid; WM0HAQ4WNM / Tacrolimus
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99. Iwase H, Sadahiro S, Mukoyama S, Makuuchi H, Yasuda M: Morphology of myenteric plexuses in the human large intestine: comparison between large intestines with and without colonic diverticula. J Clin Gastroenterol; 2005 Sep;39(8):674-8
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • RESULTS: The number of myenteric plexuses and ganglion cells per centimeter was significantly higher in the descending colon, sigmoid colon, and rectum than in the cecum, ascending colon, and transverse colon.
  • The area of the nuclei of ganglion cells was significantly larger in the descending colon and sigmoid colon than in the cecum and ascending colon.
  • [MeSH-major] Diverticulum, Colon / pathology. Intestine, Large / innervation. Myenteric Plexus / pathology

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  • (PMID = 16082275.001).
  • [ISSN] 0192-0790
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of clinical gastroenterology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Clin. Gastroenterol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Comparative Study; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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100. Sneddon JC, Boomker E, Howard CV: Mucosal surface area and fermentation activity in the hind gut of hydrated and chronically dehydrated working donkeys. J Anim Sci; 2006 Jan;84(1):119-24
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  • The effects of mild chronic dehydration on fermentation rate and mucosal surface area in the cecum, dorsa and ventral colon, and descending colon of the hindgut were investigated in South African donkeys (n = 11) in agricultural work.
  • Dehydration representing a 6% drop in BW (n = 6) was associated with increased fermentation activity in the cecum (252 +/- 22.9 vs. 161 +/- 13.5 micromol/g of DM.h(-1), P < 0.01) and enhanced fluid retention in the ventral colon (0.81 +/- 0.026 vs. 0.73 +/- 0.034 mL/g gut, P < 0.05).
  • Fermentation activity in the next segment of the hindgut, the ventral colon, of dehydrated donkeys was also greater numerically (92.5 +/- 22.60 vs. 77.9 +/- 10.40 micromol/g of DM.h(-1)), but this difference was not significant.
  • Total mucosal and crypt surface area per unit volume of gut (Sv, microm2/microm3) was greater in dehydrated donkeys for the cecum (253 +/- 23.0 vs. 161 +/- 13.5, P < 0.01), the ventral colon (286 +/- 6.2 vs. 171 +/- 9.8, P < 0.01), the dorsal colon (276 +/- 18.2 vs. 256 +/- 11.0, P < 0.05), and the descending colon (260 +/- 20.3 vs. 191 +/- 15.2, P < 0.05).
  • [MeSH-minor] Animals. Cecum / anatomy & histology. Cecum / physiology. Colon / anatomy & histology. Colon / physiology

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  • (PMID = 16361498.001).
  • [ISSN] 1525-3163
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of animal science
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Anim. Sci.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 059QF0KO0R / Water
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