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Items 1 to 58 of about 58
1. Bilginer B, Söylemezoğlu F, Cila A, Akalan N: Intraventricular dysembryoplastic neuroepithelial tumor-like neoplasm with disseminated spinal tumor. Turk Neurosurg; 2009 Jan;19(1):69-72
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Intraventricular dysembryoplastic neuroepithelial tumor-like neoplasm with disseminated spinal tumor.
  • Dysembryoplastic neuroepithelial tumor (DNT)- like lesions arise in extracortical locations and behave in a benign fashion similar to that of cortical DNTs.
  • Here we report a case of 9-year-old boy with a complaint of headache and back pain.
  • The presence of floating neurons in a mucinous matrix, oligodendrocyte-like cells (OLCs) aligning axonal columns and vessels, immunohistochemical profile of the neoplasm in addition to the clinical and radiological manifestations of the patient led to the diagnosis of "DNT-like neoplasm of the third ventricle".

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  • (PMID = 19263357.001).
  • [ISSN] 1019-5149
  • [Journal-full-title] Turkish neurosurgery
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Turk Neurosurg
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Turkey
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2. Aggarwal G, Satsangi B, Shukla S, Lahoti BK, Mathur RK, Maheshwari A: Rare asymptomatic presentations of schwannomas in early adolescence: three cases with review of literature. Int J Surg; 2010;8(3):203-6

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • INTRODUCTION: Schwannoma also known as Neurilemoma is a benign neoplasm of the Schwann Cells of the neural sheath.
  • PATIENTS AND METHODS: We report three rare, asymptomatic presentations of schwannomas at adolescent age, in the back, pancreas and in the cervical region with a review of the available literature.
  • [MeSH-minor] Adolescent. Back. Child. Head and Neck Neoplasms / diagnosis. Humans. Male. Pancreatic Neoplasms / diagnosis

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  • [Copyright] Copyright 2010 Surgical Associates Ltd. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
  • (PMID = 20167297.001).
  • [ISSN] 1743-9159
  • [Journal-full-title] International journal of surgery (London, England)
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Int J Surg
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Number-of-references] 23
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3. Khandekar MM, Kavatkar AN, Patankar SA, Bagwan IB, Puranik SC, Deshmukh SD: FNAC of salivary gland lesions with histopathological correlation. Indian J Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg; 2006 Jul;58(3):246-8

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  • To evaluate utility of FNAC in salivary gland lesions.Back ground: Salivary gland lesions form about 2-6.5% of all head and neck neoplasms in adults.
  • Also, cytology can provide a distinction between asalivary and non salivary lesion, benign and malignant lesions so also specific and non specific inflammation.
  • RESULTS: 80% of the lesions were neoplastic (61% benign, 31% malignant) and 20% were neoplastic.
  • Pleomorphic adenoma was the most frequent benign neoplasm while mucoepidermoid carcinoma was the most frequent malignant lesion.

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  • (PMID = 23120304.001).
  • [ISSN] 2231-3796
  • [Journal-full-title] Indian journal of otolaryngology and head and neck surgery : official publication of the Association of Otolaryngologists of India
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Indian J Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] India
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC3450424
  • [Keywords] NOTNLM ; FNAC / Salivary Gland / Salivary Gland Tumours
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4. Mentzel T, Kutzner H: Dermatomyofibroma: clinicopathologic and immunohistochemical analysis of 56 cases and reappraisal of a rare and distinct cutaneous neoplasm. Am J Dermatopathol; 2009 Feb;31(1):44-9
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  • [Title] Dermatomyofibroma: clinicopathologic and immunohistochemical analysis of 56 cases and reappraisal of a rare and distinct cutaneous neoplasm.
  • Dermatomyofibroma represents a rare and distinct benign cutaneous mesenchymal neoplasm of fibroblastic/myofibroblastic differentiation.
  • The shoulder (13 cases) was the anatomic site most commonly affected, followed by the upper arm (7 cases), the neck (6 cases), the thigh (6 cases), the chest wall (4 cases), the back (3 cases), the axillary fold (2 cases), the abdominal wall (2 cases), and 1 case each was seen on the forearm, the buttock, and the popliteal fossa (exact anatomic location was unknown in 10 cases).
  • Histologically, an ill-defined, plaque-like dermal neoplasm of varying cellularity was seen in all cases, composed of bland spindle-shaped tumor cells often oriented parallel to the overlying epidermis.
  • Dermatomyofibroma represents a benign fibroblastic/myofibroblastic dermal neoplasm.
  • [MeSH-major] Histiocytoma, Benign Fibrous / metabolism. Histiocytoma, Benign Fibrous / pathology. Skin Neoplasms / metabolism. Skin Neoplasms / pathology

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  • (PMID = 19155724.001).
  • [ISSN] 1533-0311
  • [Journal-full-title] The American Journal of dermatopathology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Am J Dermatopathol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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5. King R, Googe PB, Page RN, Mihm MC Jr: Melanocytic lesions associated with dermatofibromas: a spectrum of lesions ranging from junctional nevus to malignant melanoma in situ. Mod Pathol; 2005 Aug;18(8):1043-7
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  • There were nine females and five males ranging in age from 30 to 64 years and anatomic sites included back (five), arm (six), flank (two), and leg (one).
  • Melanocytic neoplasia may appear in association with dermatofibromas.
  • [MeSH-major] Histiocytoma, Benign Fibrous / pathology. Melanocytes / pathology. Skin Neoplasms / pathology
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Antigens, Neoplasm. Factor XIIIa / analysis. Female. Humans. Immunohistochemistry. MART-1 Antigen. Male. Melanoma / metabolism. Melanoma / pathology. Middle Aged. Neoplasm Proteins / analysis. Nevus / metabolism. Nevus / pathology. Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-kit / analysis. S100 Proteins / analysis

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  • (PMID = 15803191.001).
  • [ISSN] 0893-3952
  • [Journal-full-title] Modern pathology : an official journal of the United States and Canadian Academy of Pathology, Inc
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Mod. Pathol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Antigens, Neoplasm; 0 / MART-1 Antigen; 0 / MLANA protein, human; 0 / Neoplasm Proteins; 0 / S100 Proteins; EC 2.3.2.13 / Factor XIIIa; EC 2.7.10.1 / Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-kit
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6. Jung SG, Kwon YD, Song JA, Back MJ, Lee SY, Lee C, Hwang YY, An HJ: Prognostic significance of Notch 3 gene expression in ovarian serous carcinoma. Cancer Sci; 2010 Sep;101(9):1977-83
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  • In this study, we detected high levels of Notch3 mRNA and protein expression especially in serous ovarian carcinomas compared to their benign counterparts, accompanied by a positive correlation with the expressions of Jagged 1 and Jagged 2.
  • High levels of Notch 3 mRNA expression (>2-fold than that of benign tumor) were noted in 63% of the serous carcinomas (mean level: 17-fold, P = 0.032).
  • [MeSH-minor] Adolescent. Adult. Aged. Aged, 80 and over. Calcium-Binding Proteins / genetics. Calcium-Binding Proteins / metabolism. Disease Progression. Female. Humans. Immunohistochemistry / statistics & numerical data. Intercellular Signaling Peptides and Proteins / genetics. Intercellular Signaling Peptides and Proteins / metabolism. Kaplan-Meier Estimate. Membrane Proteins / genetics. Membrane Proteins / metabolism. Middle Aged. Neoplasm Staging. Prognosis. Proportional Hazards Models. RNA, Messenger / genetics. RNA, Messenger / metabolism. Reverse Transcriptase Polymerase Chain Reaction. Signal Transduction. Tissue Array Analysis. Young Adult

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  • [Copyright] © 2010 Japanese Cancer Association.
  • (PMID = 20624166.001).
  • [ISSN] 1349-7006
  • [Journal-full-title] Cancer science
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Cancer Sci.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Calcium-Binding Proteins; 0 / Intercellular Signaling Peptides and Proteins; 0 / JAG2 protein, human; 0 / Membrane Proteins; 0 / NOTCH3 protein, human; 0 / RNA, Messenger; 0 / Receptors, Notch; 134324-36-0 / Serrate proteins
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7. Pant I, Joshi SC, Kaur G, Kumar G: Pilomatricoma as a diagnostic pitfall in clinical practice: report of two cases and review of literature. Indian J Dermatol; 2010 Oct;55(4):390-2

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • Pilomatricoma (PMC) is a relatively uncommon benign skin neoplasm arising from the skin adnexa.
  • In case 1, a 10-year-old girl presented with a right upper back mass.

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  • [Cites] Int J Pediatr Otorhinolaryngol. 2001 Feb;57(2):123-8 [11165649.001]
  • [Cites] Arch Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2001 Feb;127(2):218, 220 [11177046.001]
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  • [Cites] J Am Acad Dermatol. 1998 Aug;39(2 Pt 1):191-5 [9704827.001]
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  • [Cites] Arch Dermatol. 1961 Apr;83:606-18 [13700704.001]
  • [Cites] Arch Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 1992 Feb;118(2):212-5 [1540358.001]
  • [Cites] Arch Dermatol. 1973 Oct;108(4):532-4 [4745286.001]
  • [Cites] Arch Ophthalmol. 1983 Aug;101(8):1209-10 [6882248.001]
  • [Cites] Cutis. 1978 Nov;22(5):577-80 [729402.001]
  • (PMID = 21430899.001).
  • [ISSN] 1998-3611
  • [Journal-full-title] Indian journal of dermatology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Indian J Dermatol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] India
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC3051306
  • [Keywords] NOTNLM ; Pilomatricoma / dermatopathology / skin nodules
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8. Alam E, Wilson RD, Vargo MM: Inpatient cancer rehabilitation: a retrospective comparison of transfer back to acute care between patients with neoplasm and other rehabilitation patients. Arch Phys Med Rehabil; 2008 Jul;89(7):1284-9
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Inpatient cancer rehabilitation: a retrospective comparison of transfer back to acute care between patients with neoplasm and other rehabilitation patients.
  • OBJECTIVE: To determine whether patients with diagnoses of neoplasm undergoing acute rehabilitation differ from other patients in frequency of acute care transfer and type of medical complications.
  • PARTICIPANTS: Patients with diagnosis of neoplasm (n=40) and patients without neoplasm (n=253) requiring transfer were identified from a database of 2801 rehabilitation discharges over nearly a 4-year period.
  • RESULTS: Significant difference occurred in overall rate of transfer between patients with neoplasm (21%) and controls (9.7%; P<.001).
  • When evaluated separately for type of neoplasm (with patients receiving corresponding type of rehabilitation as controls), a significantly higher rate of transfer to acute care was found for brain tumor (25% vs 12%; P=.004) and spinal cord neoplasms (23% vs 10%; P=.009), but statistical significance was not reached for other tumor types (12.5% vs 7.4%; P=.19).
  • Patients with stroke with neoplasm as a comorbidity, analyzed separately, with the other patients with stroke as controls, had significantly higher risk of transfer (22% vs 10%; P=.012).
  • Logistic regression analysis found an odds ratio (OR) of 2.5 for unplanned transfer among patients with diagnosis of neoplasm (OR=2.5 for malignancy; OR=2.4 for benign neoplasm).
  • Patients with neoplasm had infection as the most common reason for transfer (28% of the neoplasm transfers vs 18% of other transfers; P=.01), whereas in the nonneoplasm group, cardiopulmonary factors predominated (12% of patients with tumor vs 31% of patients without tumor transfers; P<.001).
  • CONCLUSIONS: In the present sample, patients with neoplasm were more likely to require transfer than patients without neoplasm, although this pattern did not reach statistical significance for noncentral nervous system cases.
  • Overall, patients with neoplasm appear more likely than those without neoplasm to have an infectious cause for unplanned transfer.

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  • (PMID = 18586130.001).
  • [ISSN] 1532-821X
  • [Journal-full-title] Archives of physical medicine and rehabilitation
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Arch Phys Med Rehabil
  • [Language] eng
  • [Grant] United States / NICHD NIH HHS / HD / K12- HD01097
  • [Publication-type] Comparative Study; Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural
  • [Publication-country] United States
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9. Wadhwa RK, Shaya MR, Nanda A: Spinal cord compression in a patient with a pain pump for failed back syndrome: a chalk-like precipitate mimicking a spinal cord neoplasm: case report. Neurosurgery; 2006 Feb;58(2):E387; discussion E387
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  • [Title] Spinal cord compression in a patient with a pain pump for failed back syndrome: a chalk-like precipitate mimicking a spinal cord neoplasm: case report.
  • OBJECTIVE AND IMPORTANCE: The use of intrathecal morphine has been effective with few complications for chronic intractable pain of both benign and malignant origins.
  • CLINICAL PRESENTATION: We report the case of a 67-year-old female patient with failed back syndrome who presented with sensory complaints and back pain.
  • [MeSH-minor] Aged. Back Pain / drug therapy. Back Pain / radiography. Bupivacaine / administration & dosage. Diagnosis, Differential. Female. Humans. Syndrome

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  • (PMID = 16462469.001).
  • [ISSN] 1524-4040
  • [Journal-full-title] Neurosurgery
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Neurosurgery
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] H0G9379FGK / Calcium Carbonate; Y8335394RO / Bupivacaine
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10. Uglialoro AD, Beebe KS, Hameed M, Benevenia J: A rare case of intraosseous benign notochordal cell tumor of the coccyx. Orthopedics; 2009 Jun;32(6):445

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] A rare case of intraosseous benign notochordal cell tumor of the coccyx.
  • This article presents a case of a 53-year-old woman who presented with intermittent, dull, poorly localized lower back and buttock pain.
  • An excisional biopsy revealed benign notochord cell tumor.
  • Due to the rarity of intraosseous benign notochordal cell tumors, it is essential to document and review this type of tumor.
  • Only 2 benign notochordal cell tumors involving the coccyx have been previously reported, both of which presented with the same clinical symptoms of chronic coccydynia as our patient, likely due to the location of the involved lesion.
  • The other leading diagnosis in our patient was chordoma, a malignant and locally aggressive neoplasm that is important to consider and exclude.
  • Although chordomas have been well characterized in the surgery, pathology, and radiology literature, the benign notochordal cell tumor is a relative newcomer.
  • [MeSH-major] Coccyx / surgery. Low Back Pain / etiology. Neoplasms, Germ Cell and Embryonal / diagnosis. Neoplasms, Germ Cell and Embryonal / surgery. Spinal Neoplasms / diagnosis. Spinal Neoplasms / surgery

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  • (PMID = 19634813.001).
  • [ISSN] 1938-2367
  • [Journal-full-title] Orthopedics
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Orthopedics
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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11. Bhadra AK, Casey AT, Saifuddin A, Briggs TW: Primary atypical sacral meningioma--not always benign. Skeletal Radiol; 2007 Jun;36 Suppl 1:S91-4
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  • [Title] Primary atypical sacral meningioma--not always benign.
  • Six months later he again presented with low back pain and MRI confirmed a second local recurrence.
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Fatal Outcome. Humans. Magnetic Resonance Imaging. Male. Neoplasm Recurrence, Local

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  • (PMID = 17096157.001).
  • [ISSN] 0364-2348
  • [Journal-full-title] Skeletal radiology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Skeletal Radiol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Germany
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12. Kim TJ, Moon WK, Cha JH, Goo JM, Lee KH, Kim KH, Lee JW, Han JG, Weinmann HJ, Chang KH: VX2 carcinoma in rabbits after radiofrequency ablation: comparison of MR contrast agents for help in differentiating benign periablational enhancement from residual tumor. Radiology; 2005 Feb;234(2):423-30
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  • [Title] VX2 carcinoma in rabbits after radiofrequency ablation: comparison of MR contrast agents for help in differentiating benign periablational enhancement from residual tumor.
  • PURPOSE: To prospectively compare the accuracy of a blood pool agent, SH L 643A, with that of gadopentetate dimeglumine in differentiating benign periablational enhancement from residual tumor in VX2 carcinomas in rabbits after radiofrequency (RF) ablation.
  • Sequential MR images were obtained before and with SH L 643A (17 000 Da, 0.05 mmol/kg) and, after a 24-hour interval, gadopentetate dimeglumine (546 Da, 0.1 mmol/kg) in 12 rabbits with VX2 carcinoma in the back muscle prior to (n = 12) and early (n = 12), 1 week (n = 8), and 4 weeks (n = 4) after RF ablation.
  • The pathologic specimens were sectioned in the same plane as MR imaging, and the enhancement ratios (ie, the ratios of postcontrast to precontrast signal intensity) and the microvessel densities of residual tumor and benign periablational enhancement were assessed.
  • RESULTS: With SH L 643A, the peak enhancement ratios of residual tumor (1.64 +/- 0.31 [standard deviation]) were significantly higher than those of benign periablational enhancement (0.97 +/- 0.16) (P < .001).
  • With gadopentetate dimeglumine, the peak enhancement ratios of residual tumor (1.82 +/- 0.33) were not different from those of benign periablational enhancement (1.71 +/- 0.36).
  • In benign periablational enhancement, enhancement ratios with injection of SH L 643A were lower than those with injection of gadopentetate dimeglumine for all time points up to 30 minutes (P < .05).
  • The microvessel density was 25.72 +/- 5.43 vessels per field of view for residual tumor and 10.37 +/- 2.88 vessels per field of view for benign periablational enhancement (P < .001).
  • CONCLUSION: Blood pool contrast agent SH L 643A permits more accurate differentiation of benign periablational enhancement from residual tumor compared with the extracellular agent gadopentetate dimeglumine.
  • [MeSH-major] Catheter Ablation. Contrast Media. Gadolinium. Gadolinium DTPA. Magnetic Resonance Imaging. Neoplasm, Residual / diagnosis. Neoplasms, Experimental / surgery

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  • [Copyright] (c) RSNA, 2004.
  • [CommentIn] Radiology. 2005 Feb;234(2):317-8 [15670988.001]
  • [CommentIn] Radiology. 2005 Nov;237(2):745-7; author reply 748-9 [16244283.001]
  • [ErratumIn] Radiology. 2005 Nov;237(2):750
  • (PMID = 15591437.001).
  • [ISSN] 0033-8419
  • [Journal-full-title] Radiology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Radiology
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Comparative Study; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Contrast Media; 0 / gadomer 17; AU0V1LM3JT / Gadolinium; K2I13DR72L / Gadolinium DTPA
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13. Wu J, Rosenbaum E, Begum S, Westra WH: Distribution of BRAF T1799A(V600E) mutations across various types of benign nevi: implications for melanocytic tumorigenesis. Am J Dermatopathol; 2007 Dec;29(6):534-7
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  • [Title] Distribution of BRAF T1799A(V600E) mutations across various types of benign nevi: implications for melanocytic tumorigenesis.
  • [MeSH-minor] Adolescent. Adult. Aged. Anus Neoplasms / genetics. Anus Neoplasms / pathology. Anus Neoplasms / surgery. Back / pathology. Child. DNA Mutational Analysis. DNA, Neoplasm / analysis. Extremities / pathology. Female. Head and Neck Neoplasms / genetics. Head and Neck Neoplasms / pathology. Head and Neck Neoplasms / surgery. Humans. Male. Microdissection. Middle Aged. Urogenital Neoplasms / genetics. Urogenital Neoplasms / pathology. Urogenital Neoplasms / surgery

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  • (PMID = 18032947.001).
  • [ISSN] 1533-0311
  • [Journal-full-title] The American Journal of dermatopathology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Am J Dermatopathol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / DNA, Neoplasm; EC 2.7.11.1 / BRAF protein, human; EC 2.7.11.1 / Proto-Oncogene Proteins B-raf
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14. Gat Y, Gornish M, Heiblum M, Joshua S: Reversal of benign prostate hyperplasia by selective occlusion of impaired venous drainage in the male reproductive system: novel mechanism, new treatment. Andrologia; 2008 Oct;40(5):273-81
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  • [Title] Reversal of benign prostate hyperplasia by selective occlusion of impaired venous drainage in the male reproductive system: novel mechanism, new treatment.
  • Benign prostate hyperplasia (BPH) is the most common benign neoplasm in men.
  • The back-pressure and the back-flow of blood from the testicular to the prostate drainage system were eliminated and, consequently, a rapid reduction in prostate volume and a regression of prostate symptoms took place.


15. Vialle R, Feydy A, Rillardon L, Tohme-Noun C, Anract P, Colombat M, De Pinieux G, Drapé JL, Guigui P: Chondroblastoma of the lumbar spine. Report of two cases and review of the literature. J Neurosurg Spine; 2005 May;2(5):596-600
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  • Chondroblastoma is a benign cartilaginous neoplasm that generally affects the appendicular skeleton.
  • In both patients, low-back pain, in the absence of radicular pain, was the presenting symptom.
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Female. Humans. Low Back Pain / etiology. Lumbar Vertebrae / pathology. Lumbar Vertebrae / surgery. Magnetic Resonance Imaging. Middle Aged. Neoplasm Recurrence, Local

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  • (PMID = 15945435.001).
  • [ISSN] 1547-5654
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of neurosurgery. Spine
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Neurosurg Spine
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Number-of-references] 21
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16. Hammami H, Benmously R, Badri T, Debbiche A, Ben Ayed M, Mokhtar I, Fenniche S: Atypical clinical appearance and localization of trichilemmoma. a case report. Pathologica; 2009 Jun;101(3):133-4
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  • Trichilemmoma is a benign cutaneous tumor that shows characteristics of differentiation similar to the outer hair sheath.
  • We report the case of a woman presenting with a nodular tender mass of the back that was diagnosed as an isolated trichilemmoma.
  • Atypical clinical appearance and localization of this neoplasm in our patient suggest that only histological findings are specific of this tumor.
  • [MeSH-major] Back / pathology. Hair Diseases / pathology. Skin Neoplasms / pathology

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  • (PMID = 19886550.001).
  • [ISSN] 0031-2983
  • [Journal-full-title] Pathologica
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Pathologica
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Italy
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17. Tanahashi J, Kashima K, Daa T, Kondo Y, Kuratomi E, Yokoyama S: A case of cutaneous myoepithelial carcinoma. J Cutan Pathol; 2007 Aug;34(8):648-53
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • BACKGROUND: Cutaneous myoepithelioma, both benign and malignant, is a rare neoplasm composed of neoplastic myoepithelial cells showing diverse histopathological features, and criteria for discriminating benign or malignant have not been fully clarified.
  • PATIENT: We present a case of cutaneous myoepithelial carcinoma in a 62-year-old woman presenting a solid mass in the right back.
  • [MeSH-minor] Back. Biomarkers. Biopsy. Epithelioid Cells / pathology. Female. Giant Cells / pathology. Humans. Middle Aged

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  • (PMID = 17640237.001).
  • [ISSN] 0303-6987
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of cutaneous pathology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Cutan. Pathol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Denmark
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Biomarkers
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18. Ip YT, Yuan JQ, Cheung H, Chan JK: Sporadic hemangioblastoma of the kidney: an underrecognized pseudomalignant tumor? Am J Surg Pathol; 2010 Nov;34(11):1695-700
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  • Hemangioblastoma is a benign tumor that can occur sporadically, or in association with von Hippel-Lindau disease in approximately one-quarter of the cases.
  • This report describes 2 cases of sporadic renal hemangioblastoma, with 1 patient presenting with hematuria and polycythemia, and the other low back pain.
  • This benign neoplasm which can be mistaken for various malignancies such as renal cell carcinoma, epithelioid angiomyolipoma, adrenal cortical carcinoma, and paraganglioma, deserves wider recognition for its occurrence as a primary renal tumor.
  • [MeSH-minor] Biomarkers, Tumor / analysis. Female. Hematuria / etiology. Humans. Immunohistochemistry. Inhibins / analysis. Keratins / analysis. Low Back Pain / etiology. Male. Middle Aged. Nephrectomy. Phosphopyruvate Hydratase / analysis. Polycythemia / etiology. S100 Proteins / analysis

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  • [CommentIn] Am J Surg Pathol. 2011 Apr;35(4):623-4 [21378542.001]
  • (PMID = 20924277.001).
  • [ISSN] 1532-0979
  • [Journal-full-title] The American journal of surgical pathology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Am. J. Surg. Pathol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Biomarkers, Tumor; 0 / S100 Proteins; 0 / inhibin-alpha subunit; 57285-09-3 / Inhibins; 68238-35-7 / Keratins; EC 4.2.1.11 / Phosphopyruvate Hydratase
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19. Loh JK, Lin CK, Hwang YF, Hwang SL, Kwan AL, Howng SL: Primary spinal tumors in children. J Clin Neurosci; 2005 Apr;12(3):246-8

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  • The most common clinical presentation was limb weakness (100%) followed by back pain (44.4%).
  • Five children with benign tumors improved postoperatively.
  • Radical surgery should be considered in benign primary spinal cord tumors.
  • [MeSH-minor] Adolescent. Back Pain / etiology. Child. Child, Preschool. Combined Modality Therapy. Female. Follow-Up Studies. Humans. Laminectomy. Male. Muscle Weakness / etiology. Neoplasm Recurrence, Local / epidemiology. Neurosurgical Procedures. Retrospective Studies. Treatment Outcome

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  • (PMID = 15851074.001).
  • [ISSN] 0967-5868
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of clinical neuroscience : official journal of the Neurosurgical Society of Australasia
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Clin Neurosci
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Scotland
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20. Yang F, Jin C, Long J, Yu XJ, Xu J, Di Y, Li J, Fu de L, Ni QX: Solid pseudopapillary tumor of the pancreas: a case series of 26 consecutive patients. Am J Surg; 2009 Aug;198(2):210-5
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  • Clinicopathologic factors were compared between benign and malignant cases to determine what features of the tumor could suggest malignant potential.
  • Clinical symptoms were nonspecific and included upper abdominal pain or discomfort, abdominal distention, and back pain.
  • The neoplasm was localized in the pancreatic head/neck in 14 patients and in the body/tail in 12 patients.
  • CONCLUSIONS: SPT is a rare neoplasm with low malignant potential.
  • [MeSH-minor] Abdominal Pain / etiology. Adolescent. Adult. Back Pain / etiology. Diagnostic Imaging. Female. Humans. Length of Stay. Male. Middle Aged. Pancreatectomy. Pancreaticoduodenectomy. Retrospective Studies

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  • (PMID = 19268906.001).
  • [ISSN] 1879-1883
  • [Journal-full-title] American journal of surgery
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Am. J. Surg.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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21. Hashimoto N, Hakamada K, Narumi S, Totsuka E, Aoki K, Kamata Y, Sasaki M: Heterotopic gastrointestinal mucosa and pancreatic tissue in a retroperitoneal tumor. J Hepatobiliary Pancreat Surg; 2006;13(4):351-4
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • The patient was a 19-year-old woman with the chief complaint being occasional back pain.
  • The retroperitoneal lesion was diagnosed preoperatively as a benign tumor such as a neurogenic neoplasm or lymphangioma.
  • External secretion from these tissues could have triggered the hemorrhage and expanded the tumor, possibly resulting in the back pain.
  • [MeSH-major] Back Pain / etiology. Choristoma / pathology. Gastric Mucosa. Intestinal Mucosa. Retroperitoneal Neoplasms / pathology. Vascular Neoplasms / pathology

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  • (PMID = 16858549.001).
  • [ISSN] 0944-1166
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of hepato-biliary-pancreatic surgery
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Hepatobiliary Pancreat Surg
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Japan
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22. Nguyen QH, Szeto E, Mansberg R, Mansberg V: Paravertebral infection (phlegmon) demonstrated by FDG dual-head coincidence imaging in a patient with multiple malignancies. Clin Nucl Med; 2005 Apr;30(4):241-3
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  • A 66-year-old woman was referred for a bone scan to assess back pain on a background of breast cancer, melanoma, and rheumatic heart disease.
  • The scan appearance was suspicious for a localized soft tissue neoplasm.
  • Because FDG is not tumor-specific, accumulation in benign lesions may give rise to false-positive results despite a high pretest probability for malignancy.
  • [MeSH-minor] Aged. Back Pain / diagnosis. Back Pain / etiology. Breast Neoplasms / complications. Breast Neoplasms / radionuclide imaging. Diagnosis, Differential. Female. Gamma Cameras. Humans. Melanoma / complications. Melanoma / radionuclide imaging. Radiopharmaceuticals

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  • (PMID = 15764879.001).
  • [ISSN] 0363-9762
  • [Journal-full-title] Clinical nuclear medicine
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Clin Nucl Med
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Radiopharmaceuticals; 0Z5B2CJX4D / Fluorodeoxyglucose F18
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23. Mitra R: Osteitis Condensans Ilii. Rheumatol Int; 2010 Jan;30(3):293-6

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  • Osteitis Condensans Ilii (OCI) is a benign cause of axial low back pain.
  • Clinicians must be guided by history, radiographic findings, and laboratory studies in differentiating OCI with other disorders; furthermore additional causes of low back pain including metastatic disease and ankylosing spondylitis must be ruled out.
  • [MeSH-major] Ilium / pathology. Ilium / physiopathology. Low Back Pain / etiology. Low Back Pain / physiopathology. Osteitis / diagnosis. Osteitis / physiopathology
  • [MeSH-minor] Anti-Inflammatory Agents, Non-Steroidal / therapeutic use. Diagnosis, Differential. Humans. Neoplasm Metastasis / diagnosis. Radiography. Radiology. Sacroiliac Joint / diagnostic imaging. Sacroiliac Joint / pathology. Sacroiliac Joint / physiopathology. Spondylitis, Ankylosing / diagnosis. Steroids / therapeutic use

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  • [Cites] Chir Organi Mov. 1989 Jul-Dec;74(3-4):101-7 [2635651.001]
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  • (PMID = 19711079.001).
  • [ISSN] 1437-160X
  • [Journal-full-title] Rheumatology international
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Rheumatol. Int.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] Germany
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Anti-Inflammatory Agents, Non-Steroidal; 0 / Steroids
  • [Number-of-references] 24
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24. Zeng Q, Cheng Y, Zhu Q, Yu Z, Wu X, Huang K, Zhou M, Han S, Zhang Q: The relationship between overexpression of glial cell-derived neurotrophic factor and its RET receptor with progression and prognosis of human pancreatic cancer. J Int Med Res; 2008 Jul-Aug;36(4):656-64
MedlinePlus Health Information. consumer health - Pancreatic Cancer.

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • We used immunohistochemical staining to assess protein over-expression of glial cell-derived neurotrophic factor (GDNF) and its RET receptor tyrosine kinase in patients with pancreatic cancer and benign pancreatic neoplasm, and assessed correlations with clinicopathological features and prognosis.
  • Surgically resected pancreatic cancer patients (40/58, 68.9%) showed positive GDNF immunostaining, a significantly higher frequency than in patients with benign pancreatic tumour (3/11, 27.3%).
  • Strongly positive expression of GDNF was significantly more frequent than lesser grades of expression in patients with severe back pain before and 12 months after surgery.
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Aged. Disease Progression. Female. Humans. Kaplan-Meier Estimate. Male. Middle Aged. Neoplasm Invasiveness. Pain Measurement. Prognosis

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  • (PMID = 18652760.001).
  • [ISSN] 0300-0605
  • [Journal-full-title] The Journal of international medical research
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Int. Med. Res.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Glial Cell Line-Derived Neurotrophic Factor; EC 2.7.10.1 / Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-ret
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25. Kiroglu Y, Benek B, Yagci B, Cirak B, Tahta K: Spinal cord compression caused by vertebral hemangioma being symptomatic during pregnancy. Surg Neurol; 2009 Apr;71(4):487-92; discussion 492
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • BACKGROUND: Hemangioma is one of the most common benign tumors of the spine, and it remains silent in the vast majority of subjects afflicted.
  • CASE DESCRIPTION: A 22-year-old woman in her 36th week of gestation presented with acute onset of upper back pain and progressive paraplegia.
  • [MeSH-minor] Angiography. Back Pain / etiology. Cesarean Section. Embolization, Therapeutic. Female. Humans. Magnetic Resonance Imaging. Neoplasm Recurrence, Local / pathology. Neoplasm Recurrence, Local / radiography. Neoplasm Recurrence, Local / surgery. Paraplegia / etiology. Pregnancy. Reconstructive Surgical Procedures / instrumentation. Reconstructive Surgical Procedures / methods. Reoperation. Spinal Canal / pathology. Spinal Canal / radiography. Treatment Outcome. Vertebroplasty / instrumentation. Vertebroplasty / methods. Young Adult

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  • (PMID = 18295858.001).
  • [ISSN] 0090-3019
  • [Journal-full-title] Surgical neurology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Surg Neurol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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26. Edelweiss M, Gupta N, Resetkova E: Preoperative diagnosis of clear cell "sugar" tumor of the lung by computed tomography-guided fine-needle biopsy and core-needle biopsy. Ann Diagn Pathol; 2007 Dec;11(6):421-6
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • Clear cell "sugar" tumor (CCST) of the lung is a very rare benign neoplasm believed to arise from epithelioid cells of perivascular differentiation.
  • [MeSH-minor] Back Injuries / surgery. Biopsy, Needle. Diagnosis, Differential. Epithelioid Cells / pathology. Humans. Hypertension / complications. Immunohistochemistry. Laminectomy. Male. Middle Aged. Smoking / adverse effects. Tomography, X-Ray Computed

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  • (PMID = 18022127.001).
  • [ISSN] 1092-9134
  • [Journal-full-title] Annals of diagnostic pathology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Ann Diagn Pathol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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27. Simon SL, Moonis G, Judkins AR, Scobie J, Burnett MG, Riina HA, Judy KD: Intracranial capillary hemangioma: case report and review of the literature. Surg Neurol; 2005 Aug;64(2):154-9
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • BACKGROUND: Capillary hemangiomas are benign vascular lesions that commonly present at birth or in early infancy on the face, scalp, back, or chest.
  • [MeSH-major] Brain Neoplasms / surgery. Hemangioma, Capillary / surgery. Neoplasm Recurrence, Local / surgery. Pregnancy Complications, Neoplastic / surgery

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  • (PMID = 16051010.001).
  • [ISSN] 0090-3019
  • [Journal-full-title] Surgical neurology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Surg Neurol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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28. Uchida N, Kamada H, Tsutsui K, Ono M, Aritomo Y, Masaki T, Kushida Y, Haba R, Nakatsu T, Kuriyama S: Utility of pancreatic duct brushing for diagnosis of pancreatic carcinoma. J Gastroenterol; 2007 Aug;42(8):657-62
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • During 2001-2005, the number of back-and-forth motions of the brush was increased to more than 30 times.
  • The increased success rate of brushing by improvement of skill in manipulating the guidewire and increased number of cells smeared on glass slides by increased back-and-forth motion of the brush may account for this improvement over time.
  • CONCLUSIONS: Although further studies with a large number of patients are needed, our results suggest that with recent improvements of the brushing technique, pancreatic duct brushing is a useful and safe method for the differential diagnosis of malignancy from benign diseases of the pancreas.
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Aged. Aged, 80 and over. Diagnosis, Differential. Female. Humans. Male. Middle Aged. Neoplasm Staging. Reproducibility of Results. Retrospective Studies

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  • (PMID = 17701129.001).
  • [ISSN] 0944-1174
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of gastroenterology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Gastroenterol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Japan
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29. Jordan E, Choe D, Miller T, Chamarthy M, Brook A, Freeman LM: Utility of bone scintigraphy to determine the appropriate vertebral augmentation levels. Clin Nucl Med; 2010 Sep;35(9):687-91

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • PURPOSE OF THE REPORT: Vertebral augmentation procedures have been used as an effective treatment for back pain due to vertebral compression fracture from different causes, including metastatic disease and osteoporosis.
  • Although no significant difference was seen in the positivity of bone scans to subsequent vertebroplasty levels between benign or metastatic compression fractures (79% vs. 76%), a difference was observed when single level vertebroplasty patients were compared with multiple-level vertebroplasty patients (87% vs. 69%).
  • [MeSH-minor] Aged. Aged, 80 and over. Female. Humans. Male. Neoplasm Metastasis. Osteoporosis / radionuclide imaging. Osteoporosis / surgery. Spinal Fractures / radionuclide imaging. Spinal Fractures / surgery. Spinal Neoplasms / radionuclide imaging. Spinal Neoplasms / surgery. Whole-Body Irradiation

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  • (PMID = 20706042.001).
  • [ISSN] 1536-0229
  • [Journal-full-title] Clinical nuclear medicine
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Clin Nucl Med
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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30. Arpino L, Gragnaniello C, Nina P, Franco A: Limited approach to a thoracic spine osteoblastoma. J Neurosurg Sci; 2008 Dec;52(4):123-5; discussion 125
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • Osteoblastoma (OB) is a rare primary benign bone tumor.
  • The peak incidence of this neoplasm is in the first two decades of life.
  • OB is rare benign bone neoplasm that generally affect the posterior elements of the spine.
  • [MeSH-minor] Adolescent. Back Pain / etiology. Decompression, Surgical / methods. Epidural Space / diagnostic imaging. Epidural Space / pathology. Epidural Space / surgery. Female. Humans. Laminectomy / methods. Paraparesis / etiology. Spinal Canal / diagnostic imaging. Spinal Canal / pathology. Spinal Canal / surgery. Spinal Cord / diagnostic imaging. Spinal Cord / pathology. Spinal Cord / surgery. Spinal Cord Compression / etiology. Spinal Cord Compression / pathology. Spinal Cord Compression / surgery. Tomography, X-Ray Computed. Treatment Outcome

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  • (PMID = 18981987.001).
  • [ISSN] 0390-5616
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of neurosurgical sciences
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Neurosurg Sci
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Italy
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31. Mandal RV, Duncan LM, Austen WG Jr, Nielsen GP: Infiltrating intramuscular spindle cell lipoma of the face. J Cutan Pathol; 2009 Oct;36 Suppl 1:70-3
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • Spindle cell lipoma is a benign lipomatous tumor, which usually arises on the back of the neck, shoulder or upper back of males in the third to seventh decade of life.
  • [MeSH-major] Lipoma / pathology. Neoplasm Recurrence, Local / pathology. Nose Neoplasms / pathology. Soft Tissue Neoplasms / pathology

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  • (PMID = 19187113.001).
  • [ISSN] 1600-0560
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of cutaneous pathology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Cutan. Pathol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Denmark
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32. Wygledowska-Kania M, Kamińska-Winciorek G, Krauze E, Brzezińska-Wcisło L, Kajor M: Multifocal type of pilomatrixoma. Adv Med Sci; 2007;52:251-3
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • Pilomatrixoma is a benign skin neoplasm that arises from hair follicle matrix cells.
  • It commonly occurs on a scalp, face, neck and rarely back and extremities.

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  • (PMID = 18217427.001).
  • [ISSN] 1896-1126
  • [Journal-full-title] Advances in medical sciences
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Adv Med Sci
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Poland
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33. McGregor DH, Cherian R, Romanas MM, Ulusarac O, Mathur SC, Feldman MM: Amelanotic malignant melanoma: two collision tumors presenting as basal cell carcinoma and atypical fibroxanthoma. Ann Clin Lab Sci; 2008;38(2):157-62
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • We report 2 cases of collision tumors involving amelanotic malignant melanoma of the back.
  • The other patient is a 71-yr-old male with a 1 cm exophytic lesion on the back, which was determined microscopically to be melanoma, and a 0.6 cm papule on the back.
  • [MeSH-major] Carcinoma, Basal Cell / diagnosis. Histiocytoma, Benign Fibrous / diagnosis. Melanoma, Amelanotic / diagnosis. Neoplasms, Multiple Primary / diagnosis. Skin Neoplasms / diagnosis
  • [MeSH-minor] Aged. Antigens, Neoplasm / metabolism. Biomarkers, Tumor / metabolism. Diagnosis, Differential. Humans. Immunohistochemistry. Male

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  • (PMID = 18469362.001).
  • [ISSN] 1550-8080
  • [Journal-full-title] Annals of clinical and laboratory science
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Ann. Clin. Lab. Sci.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Antigens, Neoplasm; 0 / Biomarkers, Tumor
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34. Harvey AM, Grice B, Hamilton C, Truong LD, Ro JY, Ayala AG, Zhai QJ: Diagnostic utility of P504S/p63 cocktail, prostate-specific antigen, and prostatic acid phosphatase in verifying prostatic carcinoma involvement in seminal vesicles: a study of 57 cases of radical prostatectomy specimens of pathologic stage pT3b. Arch Pathol Lab Med; 2010 Jul;134(7):983-8
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • CONTEXT: Seminal vesicle invasion by prostatic carcinoma is directly associated with tumor staging; verification is challenging when the tumor demonstrates cribriform or papillary growth patterns or there are back-to-back small-gland proliferations.
  • P504S is overexpressed in prostatic carcinoma and high-grade prostatic intraepithelial neoplasia with cytoplasmic immunoreactivity. p63 has positive immunoreactivity in basal cell nuclei of benign prostatic glands.
  • Benign prostatic tissue was positive for PSA and PAP, as well as for p63, but negative for P504S.
  • It is superior to PSA or PAP when sections contain both seminal vesicle and benign glands because PSA and PAP cannot distinguish benign from malignant glands.
  • [MeSH-minor] Acid Phosphatase. Cost-Benefit Analysis. Humans. Immunohistochemistry / economics. Immunohistochemistry / standards. Male. Neoplasm Invasiveness. Neoplasm Staging. Prostate / chemistry. Prostatectomy. Staining and Labeling / economics. Staining and Labeling / standards

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  • (PMID = 20586625.001).
  • [ISSN] 1543-2165
  • [Journal-full-title] Archives of pathology & laboratory medicine
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Arch. Pathol. Lab. Med.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Evaluation Studies; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / CKAP4 protein, human; 0 / Membrane Proteins; EC 3.1.3.2 / Acid Phosphatase; EC 3.1.3.2 / prostatic acid phosphatase; EC 3.1.3.48 / Protein Tyrosine Phosphatases; EC 3.4.21.77 / Prostate-Specific Antigen; EC 5.1.- / Racemases and Epimerases; EC 5.1.99.4 / alpha-methylacyl-CoA racemase
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35. Plans G, Brell M, Cabiol J, Villà S, Torres A, Acebes JJ: Intracranial retrograde dissemination in filum terminale myxopapillary ependymomas. Acta Neurochir (Wien); 2006 Mar;148(3):343-6; discussion 346
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  • Myxopapillary ependymomas (ME) are considered benign tumours (WHO grade I) of the central nervous system with long term survival rates and a tendency to local recurrence.
  • [MeSH-major] Brain Neoplasms / secondary. Cauda Equina / pathology. Ependymoma / secondary. Meningeal Neoplasms / secondary. Neoplasm Metastasis / physiopathology. Spinal Cord Neoplasms / pathology. Subarachnoid Space / physiopathology
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Decompression, Surgical. Disease Progression. Headache / diagnosis. Headache / etiology. Headache / physiopathology. Humans. Hypothalamic Neoplasms / radiotherapy. Hypothalamic Neoplasms / secondary. Hypothalamus / pathology. Hypothalamus / physiopathology. Hypothalamus / surgery. Laminectomy. Low Back Pain / etiology. Low Back Pain / physiopathology. Low Back Pain / surgery. Lumbar Vertebrae / surgery. Magnetic Resonance Imaging. Male. Pituitary Gland, Posterior / pathology. Pituitary Gland, Posterior / physiopathology. Pituitary Gland, Posterior / surgery. Radiotherapy / methods. Third Ventricle / pathology. Third Ventricle / physiopathology. Third Ventricle / surgery. Treatment Outcome

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  • (PMID = 16362177.001).
  • [ISSN] 0001-6268
  • [Journal-full-title] Acta neurochirurgica
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Acta Neurochir (Wien)
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] Austria
  • [Number-of-references] 35
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36. Tan JM, Ng EY, Acharya RU, Keith LG, Holmes J: Comparative study on the use of analytical software to identify the different stages of breast cancer using discrete temperature data. J Med Syst; 2009 Apr;33(2):141-53
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • Data in this study was collected from 90 individuals exhibiting four different breast conditions, namely: normal, benign, cancer and suspected-cancer.
  • Comparisons were made on five different kinds of classifiers: back-propagation algorithm, probabilistic neural network, fuzzy (Sugeno-type), Gaussian mixture modeland support vector machine.
  • These classifiers were able to attain approximately 80% accuracy in classifying the four different diagnoses (normal, benign, cancer and suspected-cancer).
  • [MeSH-minor] Algorithms. Data Interpretation, Statistical. Female. Fuzzy Logic. Humans. Image Interpretation, Computer-Assisted. Neoplasm Staging. Neural Networks (Computer). Normal Distribution. ROC Curve. User-Computer Interface

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  • (PMID = 19397099.001).
  • [ISSN] 0148-5598
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of medical systems
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Med Syst
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Comparative Study; Evaluation Studies; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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37. Jukic DM, Drogowski LM, Davie JR: Carcinoma ex spiradenoma/cylindroma confirmed by immunohistochemical and molecular loss-of-heterozygosity profiling. Am J Dermatopathol; 2009 Oct;31(7):702-8
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  • For 9 years, the patient remained disease free until complaining of a slow-growing skin nodule on the lower back that was excised under clinical suspicion of metastatic mammary carcinoma.
  • Histopathological exam revealed a benign eccrine spiradenoma/cylindroma and an intermixed carcinoma, with a differential diagnosis of either primary eccrine carcinoma or mammary carcinoma metastatic to the spiradenoma/cylindroma.
  • This neoplasm is referred to in the literature as carcinoma ex spiradenoma/cylindroma and spiradenocylindrocarcinoma.

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  • (PMID = 19684510.001).
  • [ISSN] 1533-0311
  • [Journal-full-title] The American Journal of dermatopathology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Am J Dermatopathol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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38. Mentzel T, Schärer L, Kazakov DV, Michal M: Myxoid dermatofibrosarcoma protuberans: clinicopathologic, immunohistochemical, and molecular analysis of eight cases. Am J Dermatopathol; 2007 Oct;29(5):443-8
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  • Dermatofibrosarcoma protuberans (DFSP) represents a locally aggressive mesenchymal neoplasm of skin and subcutis with characteristic clinicopathologic, immunohistochemical, and molecular findings.
  • Locations included the inguinal area (three cases), thigh, upper arm, shoulder, abdominal wall, and back (one each).
  • In conclusion, myxoid DFSP represents a very rare morphologic variant with characteristic changes that has to be distinguished from benign and malignant myxoid mesenchymal neoplasms as superficial angiomyxoma, superficial acral fibromyxoma, myxoid solitary fibrous tumor, myxoid perineurioma, low-grade myxofibrosarcoma, low-grade fibromyxoid sarcoma, myxoid liposarcoma, and myxoid synovial sarcoma.

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  • (PMID = 17890911.001).
  • [ISSN] 0193-1091
  • [Journal-full-title] The American Journal of dermatopathology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Am J Dermatopathol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Actins; 0 / Antigens, CD34; 0 / Collagen Type I; 0 / Mucin-1; 0 / Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-sis; 0 / collagen type I, alpha 1 chain
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39. Wollina U, Hansel G, Schönlebe J, Haroske G: Myxoid neurothekeoma--a painful case in a less common location. Dermatol Online J; 2009;15(4):3
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • Myxoid neurothekeoma is a rare benign asymptomatic tumor of the skin.
  • [MeSH-minor] Actins / analysis. Back. Biomarkers, Tumor. Diagnosis, Differential. Female. Humans. Neoplasm Recurrence, Local / pathology. Neoplasm Recurrence, Local / surgery. Pain / etiology. S100 Proteins / analysis. Subcutaneous Tissue. Young Adult

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  • (PMID = 19450396.001).
  • [ISSN] 1087-2108
  • [Journal-full-title] Dermatology online journal
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Dermatol. Online J.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Actins; 0 / Biomarkers, Tumor; 0 / S100 Proteins
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40. Yadia S, Randazzo CG, Malik S, Gressen E, Chasky M, Kenyon LC, Ratliff JK: Pilomatrix carcinoma of the thoracic spine: case report and review of the literature. J Spinal Cord Med; 2010;33(3):272-7
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • CONTEXT: Pilomatrixoma is a common head and neck neoplasm in children.
  • FINDINGS: The appearance of a painless mobile axillary mass was followed by severe back pain 1 year later.
  • The patient underwent resection of the axillary mass and spinal reconstruction of the fracture; the pathology was consistent with synchronous benign pilomatrixomas.

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  • (PMID = 20737803.001).
  • [ISSN] 1079-0268
  • [Journal-full-title] The journal of spinal cord medicine
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Spinal Cord Med
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Number-of-references] 21
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC2920123
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41. Rotger A, Trifirò G, Travaini LL, de Cicco C, Paganelli G: Carcinoma, tuberculosis and elastofibroma in one patient: is [18F]FDG-PET/CT helpful? Rev Esp Med Nucl; 2009 Jan-Feb;28(1):22-5
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • Incidentally, the patient also had an elastofibroma dorsi, a rare benign tumour which can also be a possible source of false results in the PET exam.
  • [MeSH-minor] Aged. Back Pain / etiology. Combined Modality Therapy. False Positive Reactions. Female. Fluorine Radioisotopes. Fluorodeoxyglucose F18. Humans. Incidental Findings. Lymphatic Metastasis. Neoplasm Staging. Radiopharmaceuticals. Tuberculoma / radionuclide imaging

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  • (PMID = 19232174.001).
  • [ISSN] 0212-6982
  • [Journal-full-title] Revista española de medicina nuclear
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Rev Esp Med Nucl
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Spain
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Fluorine Radioisotopes; 0 / Radiopharmaceuticals; 0Z5B2CJX4D / Fluorodeoxyglucose F18
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42. Zarineh A, Kozovska ME, Brown WG, Elder DE, Rabkin MS: Smooth muscle hamartoma associated with a congenital pattern melanocytic nevus, a case report and review of the literature. J Cutan Pathol; 2008 Oct;35 Suppl 1:83-6
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • Smooth muscle hamartoma (SMH) is a rare benign congenital or acquired lesion sometimes associated with Becker's nevus (Becker's melanosis).
  • The patient is a 49-year-old male with a history of a changing 'mole' on the left upper back.
  • [MeSH-minor] Actins / metabolism. Antigens, Neoplasm / metabolism. Calmodulin-Binding Proteins / metabolism. Humans. Immunohistochemistry. MART-1 Antigen. Male. Melanoma-Specific Antigens. Middle Aged. Neoplasm Proteins / metabolism

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  • [Copyright] Copyright Blackwell Munksgaard 2008.
  • (PMID = 18544054.001).
  • [ISSN] 1600-0560
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of cutaneous pathology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Cutan. Pathol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Denmark
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Actins; 0 / Antigens, Neoplasm; 0 / Calmodulin-Binding Proteins; 0 / MART-1 Antigen; 0 / MLANA protein, human; 0 / Melanoma-Specific Antigens; 0 / Neoplasm Proteins
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43. Ahmadi N, Davison SP, Kauffman CL: Melanocytic nevi with Spitz differentiation: diagnosis and management. Laryngoscope; 2010 Dec;120(12):2385-90
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • OBJECTIVES: Melanocytic proliferations with Spitz differentiation present a difficult clinicopathologic dilemma, as their spectrum ranges from benign to malignant.
  • Their histopathologic differentiation can be challenging, and cases of Spitzoid melanoma initially diagnosed as benign Spitz nevi are reported in the literature.
  • The goal of this article is to discuss the diagnostic tools (including comparative genomic hybridization), which may be helpful in differentiating benign Spitz nevi from malignant melanoma with Spitzoid features, and to propose an appropriate management strategy for each entity.
  • [MeSH-major] Neoplasm Staging / methods. Nevus, Epithelioid and Spindle Cell / pathology. Skin Neoplasms / pathology
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Arm. Back. Biopsy. Cell Differentiation. Child. Child, Preschool. Dermis / pathology. Diagnosis, Differential. Female. Follow-Up Studies. Humans. Male. Retrospective Studies. Sentinel Lymph Node Biopsy

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  • (PMID = 21072755.001).
  • [ISSN] 1531-4995
  • [Journal-full-title] The Laryngoscope
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Laryngoscope
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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44. Zhou M, Johnson N, Blanchard D, Bryn S, Nelson J: Real-world application of breast-specific gamma imaging, initial experience at a community breast center and its potential impact on clinical care. Am J Surg; 2008 May;195(5):631-5; discussion 635
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • BACKGROUND: Breast-specific gamma imaging (BSGI) has brought scintimammography back to the forefront by using a dedicated small field-of-view system designed to detect and localize lesions down to 2 mm.
  • Of the 21 patients with BI-RADS 4, 18 were BSGI negative (11 with benign biopsy, 7 observed), and 3 were BSGI positive with 2 being cancer.
  • It was positive at a new location in 6 cases: 2 cases were new cancers in the contralateral breast, 1 was in the ipsilateral breast, and the remaining 3 had benign pathology.
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Benchmarking. Community Health Centers. Female. Humans. Neoplasm Staging. Radiopharmaceuticals. Registries. Retrospective Studies. Risk Adjustment. Survival Analysis. Technetium Tc 99m Sestamibi. United States

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  • (PMID = 18374889.001).
  • [ISSN] 1879-1883
  • [Journal-full-title] American journal of surgery
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Am. J. Surg.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Radiopharmaceuticals; 971Z4W1S09 / Technetium Tc 99m Sestamibi
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45. Al-Faky YH, Al-Mosallam AR, Al-Sohaibani MO: Periocular hidradenoma papilliferum. Saudi J Ophthalmol; 2009 Oct;23(3-4):211-3

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • Hidradenoma is a benign adnexal neoplasm originating from the apocrine sweat gland, and is almost exclusively detectable in the skin of the anogenital area of middle-aged white females after puberty.
  • We report a female patient with a lesion (dating back to childhood) close to the medial end of the left eyebrow and overriding the anterior medial part of superior orbital rim.

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  • (PMID = 23960862.001).
  • [ISSN] 1319-4534
  • [Journal-full-title] Saudi journal of ophthalmology : official journal of the Saudi Ophthalmological Society
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Saudi J Ophthalmol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Saudi Arabia
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC3729807
  • [Keywords] NOTNLM ; Childhood / Ectopic / Hidradenoma papilliferum
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46. Reddy SS, Gadre SA, Adegboyega P, Gadre AK: Multiple pilomatrixomas: case report and literature review. Ear Nose Throat J; 2008 Apr;87(4):230-3
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • Pilomatrixoma is a rare, benign, circumscribed, calcifying epithelial neoplasm that is derived from hair matrix cells.
  • We describe a case of multiple pilomatrixomas in a 23-year-old black woman who presented with lesions on her face and back.

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  • (PMID = 18478800.001).
  • [ISSN] 0145-5613
  • [Journal-full-title] Ear, nose, & throat journal
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Ear Nose Throat J
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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47. Liegl B, Hornick JL, Fletcher CD: Primary cutaneous PEComa: distinctive clear cell lesions of skin. Am J Surg Pathol; 2008 Apr;32(4):608-14
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  • Eight tumors were located on the limbs and 2 on the back.
  • Primary cutaneous PEComas are rare and thus far apparently benign cutaneous tumors.
  • [MeSH-minor] Actins / analysis. Adolescent. Adult. Aged. Aged, 80 and over. Antigens, Neoplasm / analysis. Calcium-Binding Proteins / analysis. Calmodulin-Binding Proteins / analysis. Dermis / pathology. Desmin / analysis. Diagnosis, Differential. Female. Giant Cells / pathology. Humans. Immunohistochemistry. Keratins / analysis. MART-1 Antigen. Male. Melanoma-Specific Antigens. Microfilament Proteins / analysis. Microphthalmia-Associated Transcription Factor / analysis. Middle Aged. Mitotic Index. Mucin-1 / analysis. Neoplasm Invasiveness. Neoplasm Proteins / analysis. Subcutaneous Fat / pathology

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  • [CommentIn] Am J Dermatopathol. 2016 Feb;38(2):165-6 [26825164.001]
  • (PMID = 18277881.001).
  • [ISSN] 0147-5185
  • [Journal-full-title] The American journal of surgical pathology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Am. J. Surg. Pathol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Actins; 0 / Antigens, Neoplasm; 0 / Biomarkers, Tumor; 0 / Calcium-Binding Proteins; 0 / Calmodulin-Binding Proteins; 0 / Desmin; 0 / MART-1 Antigen; 0 / MITF protein, human; 0 / MLANA protein, human; 0 / Melanoma-Specific Antigens; 0 / Microfilament Proteins; 0 / Microphthalmia-Associated Transcription Factor; 0 / Mucin-1; 0 / Neoplasm Proteins; 0 / calponin; 68238-35-7 / Keratins
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48. Jha P, Moosavi C, Fanburg-Smith JC: Giant cell fibroblastoma: an update and addition of 86 new cases from the Armed Forces Institute of Pathology, in honor of Dr. Franz M. Enzinger. Ann Diagn Pathol; 2007 Apr;11(2):81-8
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • A quarter of a century ago at the International Academy of Pathology in Boston, Mass, Drs Enzinger and Shmookler's seminal abstract on giant cell fibroblastoma (GCF) included 20 GCFs on the back and thigh of mostly male children.
  • All cases had benign behavior, but almost half recurred.
  • [MeSH-minor] Adolescent. Adult. Biomarkers, Tumor / metabolism. Child. Child, Preschool. Female. History, 20th Century. Humans. Infant. Male. Middle Aged. Neoplasm Recurrence, Local / pathology. Registries

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  • (PMID = 17349565.001).
  • [ISSN] 1092-9134
  • [Journal-full-title] Annals of diagnostic pathology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Ann Diagn Pathol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Biography; Historical Article; Journal Article; Portraits
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Biomarkers, Tumor
  • [Personal-name-as-subject] Enzinger FM
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49. Campos WK, Linhares MN: Sporadic intramedullary spinal cord hemangioblastoma in a newborn. Pediatr Neurosurg; 2010;46(5):385-9
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • They are highly vascular, benign tumors that occur either sporadically or in the presence of von Hippel-Lindau disease.
  • METHODS: We present a case of a 1-month-old male with a back deformity and left leg hypomotility.
  • CONCLUSION: A review of the literature revealed that this neoplasm is composed of 3 major cell types: endothelial cells, pericytes and stromal cells.
  • Complete microsurgical removal is the treatment of choice for spinal cord HB because the tumor is benign.

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  • [Copyright] Copyright © 2011 S. Karger AG, Basel.
  • (PMID = 21389752.001).
  • [ISSN] 1423-0305
  • [Journal-full-title] Pediatric neurosurgery
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Pediatr Neurosurg
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] Switzerland
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50. de Leeuw J, van der Beek N, Neugebauer WD, Bjerring P, Neumann HA: Fluorescence detection and diagnosis of non-melanoma skin cancer at an early stage. Lasers Surg Med; 2009 Feb;41(2):96-103
The Lens. Cited by Patents in .

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  • OBJECTIVE: The purpose of the present study was to use a large area skin fluorescence detection system to detect early NMSCs (clinical visible as well as non-visible lesions) in the face, neck, chest, back and hands of patients treated with UV and outdoor workers.
  • After histological examination the positive fluorescence appeared to be correlated to benign lesions in 28 patients (sebaceous gland hyperplasia in 22 patients) and to (pre-) malignant lesions in 33 patients (actinic keratosis in 29, BCC in 3 and SCC in 1 patient).
  • [MeSH-minor] Aminolevulinic Acid. Female. Fluorescence. Humans. Liposomes. Male. Middle Aged. Neoplasm Staging. Photosensitizing Agents

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  • NCI CPTC Antibody Characterization Program. NCI CPTC Antibody Characterization Program .
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  • [Copyright] (c) 2009 Wiley-Liss, Inc.
  • (PMID = 19226578.001).
  • [ISSN] 1096-9101
  • [Journal-full-title] Lasers in surgery and medicine
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Lasers Surg Med
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Liposomes; 0 / Photosensitizing Agents; 88755TAZ87 / Aminolevulinic Acid
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51. Murakami M, Imahori Y, Kimura S, Tatsuzawa K, Ohwada K, Inoue Y, Sasajima H, Mineura K: Positron emission tomography elucidates transport system and tumor proliferation in meningiomas. Oncol Rep; 2005 Oct;14(4):853-9
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  • Kinetic analysis was obtained by calculation of the rate constants: K1 (ml/g/min), which represents the transport of FDG from plasma to tissue; k2 (min(-1)), which demonstrates the transport back from tissue to plasma; and k3 (min(-1)), an indicator of glucose metabolism, using Gjedde's plot methods in a three-compartment model.
  • K1 was higher in meningiomas than in gliomas and was higher in atypical than in benign meningiomas. k3 was correlated with MIB-1 LI in meningiomas, but not in gliomas.
  • Immunohistochemically, meningiomas were less reactive to VEGF or Glut-1 than gliomas but atypical meningiomas stained more intensely than benign meningiomas.
  • The vascular surface area was significantly larger in meningiomas than in gliomas and atypical meningiomas had high values for both permeability and surface area than benign meningiomas.
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Aged. Biological Transport. Cell Proliferation. Female. Glioma / pathology. Glucose Transporter Type 1 / metabolism. Humans. Immunohistochemistry. Kinetics. Male. Middle Aged. Models, Statistical. Neoplasm Invasiveness. Permeability. Time Factors. Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor A / metabolism. von Willebrand Factor / metabolism

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  • (PMID = 16142342.001).
  • [ISSN] 1021-335X
  • [Journal-full-title] Oncology reports
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Oncol. Rep.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] Greece
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Glucose Transporter Type 1; 0 / Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor A; 0 / von Willebrand Factor
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52. Lin TY, Zhang AY, Bayer-Garner IB, Krell JM, Acker SM: Epithelial sheath neuroma: a case report and discussion of the literature. Am J Dermatopathol; 2006 Jun;28(3):216-9
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  • A 49-year-old white female presented with a 5 mm solitary, slightly raised, erythematous, itchy papule on her right upper back.
  • It is believed to be a benign neoplasm and simple excision is curative.

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  • (PMID = 16778489.001).
  • [ISSN] 0193-1091
  • [Journal-full-title] The American Journal of dermatopathology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Am J Dermatopathol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Number-of-references] 16
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53. Morikawa M, Demura Y, Ishizaki T, Ameshima S, Miyamori I, Sasaki M, Tsuchida T, Kimura H, Fujibayashi Y, Okazawa H: The effectiveness of 18F-FDG PET/CT combined with STIR MRI for diagnosing nodal involvement in the thorax. J Nucl Med; 2009 Jan;50(1):81-7
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  • STIR MRI scans were obtained with a 2% copper sulfate phantom placed along the back of each patient, with the lymph node-to-phantom ratio calculated for quantitative analysis.
  • RESULTS: A total of 137 lymph nodes (82 malignant lesions, 55 benign lesions) were analyzed.
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Aged. Aged, 80 and over. Female. Humans. Magnetic Resonance Imaging. Male. Mediastinal Neoplasms / radiography. Mediastinal Neoplasms / radionuclide imaging. Mediastinal Neoplasms / secondary. Middle Aged. Neoplasm Staging. Phantoms, Imaging. Positron-Emission Tomography. Sensitivity and Specificity. Tomography, X-Ray Computed

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  • (PMID = 19091887.001).
  • [ISSN] 0161-5505
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of nuclear medicine : official publication, Society of Nuclear Medicine
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Nucl. Med.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Clinical Trial; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0Z5B2CJX4D / Fluorodeoxyglucose F18
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54. Marton E, Feletti A, Orvieto E, Longatti P: Malignant progression in pleomorphic xanthoastrocytoma: personal experience and review of the literature. J Neurol Sci; 2007 Jan 31;252(2):144-53
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • It generally occurs in children and young adults and shows benign behaviour (WHO II), although an anaplastic variant and malignant potential have been described.
  • A review of the available PXA literature dating back to 1979 revealed 16 cases of primary anaplastic astrocytoma and 21 cases of PXA with malignant transformation.
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Cell Transformation, Neoplastic. Child. Disease Progression. Fatal Outcome. Female. Humans. Magnetic Resonance Imaging. Middle Aged. Neoplasm Recurrence, Local / pathology. Tomography, X-Ray Computed


55. Deluca G, Correale M, Ieva R, Del Salvatore B, Gramenzi S, Di Biase M: The incidence and clinical course of caseous calcification of the mitral annulus: a prospective echocardiographic study. J Am Soc Echocardiogr; 2008 Jul;21(7):828-33
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  • The cause was unrelated to the annular mass; it was the result of neoplasm.
  • CONCLUSIONS: This study confirms prior observations that CCMA is a rare and benign condition.
  • CCMA may be a dynamic process based on the observation that 3 patients with MAC progressed to CCMA and 3 patients with CCMA reverted back to MAC during the study period.

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  • (PMID = 18222637.001).
  • [ISSN] 1097-6795
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of the American Society of Echocardiography : official publication of the American Society of Echocardiography
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Am Soc Echocardiogr
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Comparative Study; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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56. Temprano T, Fernández-de León R, Rial JC, Fernández JM, Mateos V: [Cystic bulbar hemangioblastoma]. Rev Neurol; 2008 Aug 1-15;47(3):134-6
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  • [Transliterated title] Hemangioblastoma quístico de bulbo raquídeo.
  • INTRODUCTION: Hemangioblastomas are neoplasm of vascular type having benign characteristics.
  • The first description of the disease goes back to the year 1904, when Eugene von Hippel made the description of retinal haemangioblastoma.

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  • (PMID = 18654967.001).
  • [ISSN] 1576-6578
  • [Journal-full-title] Revista de neurologia
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Rev Neurol
  • [Language] spa
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Spain
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57. Mineo JF, P-Ruchoux MM, Pasquier D, Rigolle H, Assaker R: [Primitive malignant melanoma arising in a spinal nerve root. A case report]. Neurochirurgie; 2006 Jun;52(2-3 Pt 1):133-7
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • A 39-year-old woman complained of one-year low back pain radiating to the right thigh and knee, and loss of 7 kg.
  • The most common tumor with root enlargement and bony scalloping is the benign schwannoma.
  • According to the index of proliferation, a primitive central melanocytic lesion can be a meningeal melanocytoma (considered as benign) or a primitive malignant melanoma.
  • The histological features of malignant lesion with benign clinical features lead to interrogation upon the actual pathologic classification.
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Antigens, Neoplasm. Cell Proliferation. Fatal Outcome. Female. Humans. Immunohistochemistry. Lung Neoplasms / secondary. Magnetic Resonance Imaging. Melanins / metabolism. Melanoma-Specific Antigens. Neoplasm Proteins / metabolism. Neurologic Examination. S100 Proteins / metabolism

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  • (PMID = 16840974.001).
  • [ISSN] 0028-3770
  • [Journal-full-title] Neuro-Chirurgie
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Neurochirurgie
  • [Language] fre
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] France
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Antigens, Neoplasm; 0 / Melanins; 0 / Melanoma-Specific Antigens; 0 / Neoplasm Proteins; 0 / S100 Proteins
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58. Lee JH, Gong H, Khadem S, Lu Y, Gao X, Li S, Zhang J, Xie W: Androgen deprivation by activating the liver X receptor. Endocrinology; 2008 Aug;149(8):3778-88
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  • The androgens-androgen receptor signaling plays an important role in normal prostate development, as well as in prostatic diseases, such as benign hyperplasia and prostate cancer.
  • Activation of LXR also inhibited the expression of steroid sulfatase in the prostate, which may have helped to prevent the local conversion of sulfonated androgens back to active metabolites.

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  • (PMID = 18450964.001).
  • [ISSN] 0013-7227
  • [Journal-full-title] Endocrinology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Endocrinology
  • [Language] ENG
  • [Grant] United States / NIEHS NIH HHS / ES / R01 ES014626; United States / NIEHS NIH HHS / ES / ES014626
  • [Publication-type] Evaluation Studies; Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Androgens; 0 / Benzoates; 0 / Benzylamines; 0 / DNA-Binding Proteins; 0 / GW 3965; 0 / Hydroxycholesterols; 0 / Orphan Nuclear Receptors; 0 / Receptors, Cytoplasmic and Nuclear; 0 / liver X receptor; 17711-16-9 / 22-hydroxycholesterol; 3XMK78S47O / Testosterone; EC 2.8.2.- / Sulfotransferases; EC 2.8.2.2 / alcohol sulfotransferase
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC2488233
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