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6. Al Oulaqi NS, Hefny AF, Joshi S, Salim K, Abu-Zidan FM: Endometriosis of the appendix. Afr Health Sci; 2008 Sep;8(3):196-8
MedlinePlus Health Information. consumer health - Endometriosis.

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Endometriosis of the appendix.
  • Endometriosis of the appendix is a very rare condition.
  • Preoperative diagnosis was acute appendicitis.
  • Histopathological examination of the appendix revealed endometriosis.
  • Endometriosis should be considered in the differential diagnosis of recurrent lower abdominal pain in young females especially with history of infertility.
  • [MeSH-minor] Abdominal Pain / diagnosis. Abdominal Pain / etiology. Adult. Appendectomy. Appendix. Diagnosis, Differential. Female. Humans. Infertility, Female / etiology

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  • (PMID = 19357750.001).
  • [ISSN] 1729-0503
  • [Journal-full-title] African health sciences
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Afr Health Sci
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Uganda
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC2583268
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7. Just a minute. Nurs Stand; 2006 Nov 08;21(9):63

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • A When I was 13, I had my appendix removed and I was sent to an adult ward.

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  • (PMID = 27986008.001).
  • [ISSN] 2047-9018
  • [Journal-full-title] Nursing standard (Royal College of Nursing (Great Britain) : 1987)
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Nurs Stand
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] England
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8. Shabeeb F, Hairol AO, Jarmin R: Amyand's hernia with mucinous cysadenoma of the appendix. Indian J Surg; 2010 Jul;72(Suppl 1):341-3

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Amyand's hernia with mucinous cysadenoma of the appendix.
  • Amyand's hernia is a rare condition in which the appendix is positioned in the inguinal hernia sac.
  • Mucinous cysadenoma of the appendix is rather extremely rare.
  • We report a case of a mucinous cystadenoma of the appendix which presented as an incarcerated right indirect inguinal hernia (Amyand's hernia).

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  • (PMID = 23133292.001).
  • [ISSN] 0972-2068
  • [Journal-full-title] The Indian journal of surgery
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Indian J Surg
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] India
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC3451863
  • [Keywords] NOTNLM ; Amyand’s hernia / Appendectomy / Mucinous cystadenoma
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9. Merkel PA, Lo GH, Holbrook JT, Tibbs AK, Allen NB, Davis JC Jr, Hoffman GS, McCune WJ, St Clair EW, Specks U, Spiera R, Petri M, Stone JH, and for The Wegener's Granulomatosis Etanercept Trial Research Group*: Brief Communication: High Incidence of Venous Thrombotic Events among Patients with Wegener Granulomatosis: The Wegener's Clinical Occurrence of Thrombosis (WeCLOT) Study. Ann Intern Med; 2005 Apr 19;142(8):620-626

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • *For a list of members of The Wegener's Granulomatosis Etanercept Trial Research Group, see the Appendix.

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  • (PMID = 28501887.001).
  • [ISSN] 1539-3704
  • [Journal-full-title] Annals of internal medicine
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Ann. Intern. Med.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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10. Chino K, Silvain D, Grace A, Stubbs J, Stea B: Feasibility and safety of outpatient brachytherapy in 37 patients with brain tumors using the GliaSite<sup>®</sup> Radiation Therapy System. Med Phys; 2008 Jul;35(7Part1):3383-3388

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • Nuclear Regulatory Commission's document NUREG-1556 Volume 9 (Appendix U) and Arizona State Nuclear regulatory guidelines, which specify acceptable exposure rates for outpatient release in this setting.

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  • [Copyright] © 2008 American Association of Physicists in Medicine.
  • (PMID = 28513009.001).
  • [ISSN] 2473-4209
  • [Journal-full-title] Medical physics
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Med Phys
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Keywords] NOTNLM ; Brachytherapy / Brain / Cancer / Dosimetry / Dosimetry/exposure assessment / Neuroscience / Non-ionizing radiation equipment and techniques / Radiation safety / Radiation therapy / Radiation treatment / Radioactivity / Skin / Therapeutic applications, including brachytherapy / Therapeutics / brachytherapy / brain / catheters / dosimetry / patient care / patient diagnosis / patient monitoring / tumours
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11. Hirsch I, Kasper HU, Brabender J, Hölscher AH, Dienes HP: [Adenocarcinoid of the appendix vermiformis]. Pathologe; 2005 May;26(3):231-5
MedlinePlus Health Information. consumer health - Carcinoid Tumors.

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] [Adenocarcinoid of the appendix vermiformis].
  • [Transliterated title] Adenokarzinoid der Appendix vermiformis.
  • Adenocarcinoids are rare tumors with histological features of both carcinoid tumor and adenocarcinoma.
  • Due to the positive surgical margin and the tumor expansion a hemicolectomy was performed.
  • It is thought that appendectomy is sufficient in case of small tumors in the tip of the appendix.
  • [MeSH-major] Adenocarcinoma / pathology. Appendiceal Neoplasms / pathology. Carcinoid Tumor / pathology

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  • [Cites] Cancer. 2002 Jun 15;94(12):3307-12 [12115365.001]
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  • (PMID = 15378268.001).
  • [ISSN] 0172-8113
  • [Journal-full-title] Der Pathologe
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Pathologe
  • [Language] ger
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Germany
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12. Sobhian B, Mostegel M, Kunc C, Karner J: [Appendix vermiformis duplex--a rare surprise]. Wien Klin Wochenschr; 2005 Jul;117(13-14):492-4
MedlinePlus Health Information. consumer health - Rare Diseases.

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] [Appendix vermiformis duplex--a rare surprise].
  • [Transliterated title] Appendix vermiformis duplex -- Eine seltene Uberraschung.
  • Duplication of the vermiform appendix is extremely rare.
  • A Hartmann's resection and an appendectomy (the vermiform appendix was part of the abscess wall) were performed.
  • During mobilisation of the coecum, a second retrocoecal vermiform appendix was surprisingly found.
  • Although the diagnosis of an appendix duplex is a rarity, surgeons should be aware of the possibility, especially when clinical signs and symptoms point to appendicitis, although at laparotomy the appendix looks normal.
  • A routine exploration for a second appendix is definitely not indicated because of the rarity and the increased complication rate.
  • [MeSH-major] Appendicitis / prevention & control. Appendicitis / surgery. Appendix / abnormalities. Appendix / surgery. Rare Diseases / diagnosis. Rare Diseases / surgery
  • [MeSH-minor] Diagnosis, Differential. Humans. Male. Middle Aged. Treatment Outcome

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  • (PMID = 16091877.001).
  • [ISSN] 0043-5325
  • [Journal-full-title] Wiener klinische Wochenschrift
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Wien. Klin. Wochenschr.
  • [Language] ger
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Austria
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13. Kleemann M, Laubert T, Krokowski M, Eckmann C, Bruch HP, Kujath P: [Mucocele of the appendix - a heterogenous surgical pathology]. Zentralbl Chir; 2010 Aug;135(4):330-5
MedlinePlus Health Information. consumer health - Appendicitis.

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] [Mucocele of the appendix - a heterogenous surgical pathology].
  • [Transliterated title] Die Mukozele der Appendix - eine inhomogene chirurgische Krankheitsentität.
  • BACKGROUND: Mucoceles of the appendix are rare.
  • Surgical resection is the curative approach for mucoceles of the appendix.
  • MATERIALS AND METHODS: Data of patients who were treated for an appendiceal mucocele between 1995 and 2009 were analysed retrospectively with regard to clinical presentation, diagnostic measures, surgical procedure and histopathological result.
  • In one patient the diagnosis of an appendiceal mucocele was stated preoperatively and in another intraoperatively.
  • CONCLUSIONS: Mucoceles of the appendix present with a wide spectrum of clinical symptoms and histopathological alterations.
  • This study emphasises that a mucocele of the appendix constitutes an important differential diagnosis in patients presenting with pathologies in their right lower abdominal quadrant.
  • [MeSH-major] Appendectomy. Appendiceal Neoplasms / pathology. Appendiceal Neoplasms / surgery. Appendicitis / pathology. Appendicitis / surgery. Cystadenocarcinoma, Mucinous / pathology. Cystadenocarcinoma, Mucinous / surgery. Cystadenoma, Mucinous / pathology. Cystadenoma, Mucinous / surgery. Mucocele / pathology. Mucocele / surgery. Peritoneal Neoplasms / etiology. Pseudomyxoma Peritonei / etiology
  • [MeSH-minor] Aged. Appendix / pathology. Diagnosis, Differential. Female. Humans. Male. Middle Aged. Neoplasm Invasiveness. Neoplasms, Multiple Primary / pathology. Neoplasms, Multiple Primary / surgery. Neoplasms, Multiple Primary / ultrastructure. Ovarian Neoplasms / pathology. Ovarian Neoplasms / surgery. Ovarian Neoplasms / ultrasonography. Ovariectomy. Ovary / pathology. Precancerous Conditions / pathology. Precancerous Conditions / surgery. Precancerous Conditions / ultrasonography. Retrospective Studies. Rupture, Spontaneous. Young Adult

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  • [Copyright] Georg Thieme Verlag Stuttgart ˙ New York.
  • (PMID = 19998220.001).
  • [ISSN] 1438-9592
  • [Journal-full-title] Zentralblatt für Chirurgie
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Zentralbl Chir
  • [Language] ger
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Germany
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1
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4. Stathis A, Hotte S, Hirte H, Chen EX, Webster S, Iacobucci A, McGill S, Wang L, Espinoza-Delgado I, Siu LL: Phase I study of intravenous decitabine in combination with oral vorinostat in patients with advanced solid tumors and non-Hodgkin's lymphomas (NHL). J Clin Oncol; 2009 May 20;27(15_suppl):3528

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • Demographics: median age 61 (range 31-76), F:M = 13:14, ECOG 0:1:2 = 8:16:3, tumor types: 24 solid tumor and 3 NHL.
  • Disease stabilization for 4 or more cycles was observed in 7 out of 22 (31.8%) evaluable pts (two with breast and one each of thymus, colon, pancreatic, appendix and non-small cell lung cancers).
  • Prolonged disease stabilization has been observed in multiple tumor types.

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  • (PMID = 27961316.001).
  • [ISSN] 1527-7755
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of clinical oncology : official journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Clin. Oncol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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15. Stintzing S, Hoffmann RT, Heinemann V, Kufeld M, Muacevic A: Robotic radiosurgery of liver metastases of solid tumors. J Clin Oncol; 2009 May 20;27(15_suppl):e15049

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • METHODS: Patients with liver metastases not qualifying for surgery were treated with single session radiosurgery (24 Gy) using robotic image-guided real-time tumor tracking.
  • For inclusion into the radiosurgery treatment protocol, tumor volumes had to be smaller than 80cc.
  • Metastases (n=27) originated from: colon (12), rectum (2), pancreas (2), lung (1), bladder (2), malignant melanoma (1), stomach (1), cholangiocellular carcinoma (2), breast (1), ovary (1), appendix (1) and endometrium (1).
  • Median tumor volume was 21cc (range 2.2-79.3).
  • CONCLUSIONS: Robotic radiosurgery with image-guided real-time tumor tracking of liver metastases is a new and promising treatment approach for pts not eligible for surgical resection and might enhance the possibilities of multidisciplinary oncological treatment concepts.

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  • (PMID = 27964438.001).
  • [ISSN] 1527-7755
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of clinical oncology : official journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Clin. Oncol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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16. Duff JM, Leather HL, Walden EO, LaPlant KD, George TJ Jr: Adequacy of published oncology randomized controlled trials to provide details needed for clinical application. J Clin Oncol; 2009 May 20;27(15_suppl):6536

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • The presence of an online appendix did not significantly improve the results (data not shown).

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  • (PMID = 27964046.001).
  • [ISSN] 1527-7755
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of clinical oncology : official journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Clin. Oncol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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17. Friedrich M, Poleska W, Baltzer J, Salehin D: Treatment of pseudomyxoma peritonei by intraoperative and intraperitoneal chemotherapy. J Clin Oncol; 2009 May 20;27(15_suppl):e16540

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • : e16540 Background: Pseudomyxoma peritonei occurs mostly in conjunction with the type of intestinal mucinous borderline tumour and is characterized by building up a lot of mucus pour of cells.
  • The most common tumor is the pseudomyxoma peritoneii with mucinous borderline tumours of the ovaries or with mucinous tumours of the appendix, normally without showing a rupture of the ovarian tumour pre- or intraoperatively.
  • The diagnosis of pseudomyxoma peritonei is mainly difficult and guidelines for the treatment are unknown.
  • METHODS: In the period from 1991 to 2008, 52 patients with pseudomyxoma peritonei were treated by tumour debulking and intraoperative and intraperitoneal chemotherapy with Mitoxantron (40 mg in 300 ml of NaCl over 72 hours).
  • During the tumour debulking a CUSA system was used.
  • There were the following histologies: mucinous cystadenoma of the ovary n = 29, mucinous cystadenoma of the appendix n = 10, mucinous cystadenocarcinoma n = 13.
  • CONCLUSIONS: The instillation of mitoxantron intraperitoneally and intraoperatively is an effective and safe therapy without any side effects after maximal tumour debulking of pseudomyxoma peritoneii.

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  • (PMID = 27960827.001).
  • [ISSN] 1527-7755
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of clinical oncology : official journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Clin. Oncol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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18. Varga S, Konczili V, Zemanek P, Francz M, Nábrádi Z: [Metastasis of breast cancer presenting in the appendix]. Magy Seb; 2005 Oct;58(5):334-6
MedlinePlus Health Information. consumer health - Breast Cancer.

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] [Metastasis of breast cancer presenting in the appendix].
  • [Transliterated title] Meglepetést okozó appendix avagy primer emlorák metasztázisa okozta appendicitis.
  • The pathology report of the appendix suggested the possibility of a metastasis of ductal breast carcinoma in the perforated appendix.
  • Probably the inflammation was caused by the infiltration of the appendix wall leading to perforation.
  • Immunohistochemical examination definitely proved that the metastasis in the appendix originated from the breast tumour.
  • [MeSH-major] Appendiceal Neoplasms. Appendicitis. Breast Neoplasms. Carcinoma, Ductal, Breast
  • [MeSH-minor] Diagnosis, Differential. Female. Humans. Immunohistochemistry. Middle Aged

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  • (PMID = 16496779.001).
  • [ISSN] 0025-0295
  • [Journal-full-title] Magyar sebészet
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Magy Seb
  • [Language] hun
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Hungary
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19. Garlipp B, Arlt G: [Laparoscopy for suspected appendicitis. Should an appendix that appears normal be removed?]. Chirurg; 2009 Jul;80(7):615-21
MedlinePlus Health Information. consumer health - Appendicitis.

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] [Laparoscopy for suspected appendicitis. Should an appendix that appears normal be removed?].
  • [Transliterated title] Laparoskopie bei Verdacht auf akute Appendizitis. Soll die makroskopisch unauffällige Appendix entfernt werden?
  • The question whether an appendix found to be macroscopically normal at laparoscopy for suspected appendicitis should be removed remains open to debate.
  • Potential advantages of appendicectomy in all cases include early diagnosis of neoplastic lesions that cannot be detected macroscopically, diagnosis and cure of neurogenic appendicectomy, avoidance of diagnostic confusion in later episodes of abdominal pain, and prevention of appendicitis developing later in life.
  • Therefore, adopting a strategy of always removing the appendix even if it is found to be uninflamed at laparoscopy seems justified as long as it does not imply an increase in postoperative morbidity.
  • We retrospectively studied all patients undergoing laparoscopic appendicectomy in which a "normal appendix" was found and all patients undergoing diagnostic laparoscopy in our hospital during a 7-year period.
  • Our data as well as a critical review of the literature show that removal of the appendix does not increase morbidity compared to simple diagnostic laparoscopy and should always be done when performing laparoscopy for suspected acute appendicitis.
  • [MeSH-major] Appendicitis / diagnosis. Appendicitis / surgery. Laparoscopy
  • [MeSH-minor] Appendix / pathology. Diagnosis, Differential. Female. Follow-Up Studies. Humans. Length of Stay. Male. Postoperative Complications / etiology. Retrospective Studies. Time and Motion Studies

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  • (PMID = 19562237.001).
  • [ISSN] 1433-0385
  • [Journal-full-title] Der Chirurg; Zeitschrift fur alle Gebiete der operativen Medizen
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Chirurg
  • [Language] ger
  • [Publication-type] Comparative Study; English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Germany
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20. Denjalić A, Delić J, Delić-Custendil S, Muminagić S: [Variations in position and place of formation of appendix vermiformis found in the course of open appendectomy]. Med Arh; 2009;63(2):100-1

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] [Variations in position and place of formation of appendix vermiformis found in the course of open appendectomy].
  • [Transliterated title] Varijacije polozaja i mjesta nastanka appendix vermiformis utvrdene tokom klasicne apendektomije.
  • This paper describes variations of the appendix vermiformis, found in the course of open appendectomy.
  • Variations in the site of formation and position of appendix vermiformis were established.
  • Dominantly, appendix vermiformis is placed in the pelvic position in 57.71% of cases.
  • Variations of position of ostium appendicis vermiformis were registered as well.
  • Two types of ostium appendicis vermiformis were found: dorso-medial wall of intestinum caecum below ostium ileocaecale (35.39%), dorso-lateral medial wall of intestinum caecum (30.7%) and lower pole of intestinum caecum (64.61%).
  • Results of this research indicate very large variability of appendix vermiformis anatomy, which together with other factors (age, sex, phase in which is patient at the moment of examination) form a clinical picture of the acute appendicitis.
  • [MeSH-major] Appendectomy. Appendix / pathology

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  • (PMID = 19537667.001).
  • [Journal-full-title] Medicinski arhiv
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Med Arh
  • [Language] bos
  • [Publication-type] English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Bosnia and Herzegovina
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21. Hahn H, Macdonald E, Steinborn M: [Sonographic detection of normal appendix in children and adolescents]. Ultraschall Med; 2008 Jun;29(3):281-5

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] [Sonographic detection of normal appendix in children and adolescents].
  • [Transliterated title] Sonografische Darstellung der normalen Appendix im Kindes--und Jugendalter.
  • PURPOSE: The frequency of depiction of the normal appendix by real time B-mode sonography in children was evaluated in a prospective study.
  • MATERIALS AND METHODS: In 274 consecutive patients, age one to nineteen, without abdominal pain, depiction of the normal appendix was attempted using a 5-12 MHz linear array transducer.
  • Depiction of the normal appendix was graded as a) complete, b) partial and c) unable to be depicted.
  • In addition the position and diameter of the appendix, the examination time and the image quality were documented.
  • RESULTS: The appendix was depicted completely in 74% of all patients and partially in 10%.
  • The mean examination time to depict the normal appendix completely was 3.7 min compared to 7.6 min in partial or incompletely depicted cases.
  • In most cases in which complete depiction of the appendix was possible, the image quality was excellent.
  • CONCLUSION: Since the normal appendix in children can be reliably depicted by experienced examiners using high-resolution linear transducers, ultrasound is suitable as a reliable imaging modality for excluding acute appendicitis in children.
  • [MeSH-major] Appendix / ultrasonography

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  • (PMID = 18516771.001).
  • [ISSN] 0172-4614
  • [Journal-full-title] Ultraschall in der Medizin (Stuttgart, Germany : 1980)
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Ultraschall Med
  • [Language] ger
  • [Publication-type] English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Germany
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22. Kunz J, Makek M: [Primary adenocarcinoma of the appendix as differential diagnosis of advanced ovarian carcinoma]. Praxis (Bern 1994); 2006 Aug 16;95(33):1217-25
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] [Primary adenocarcinoma of the appendix as differential diagnosis of advanced ovarian carcinoma].
  • [Transliterated title] Das primäre Adenokarzinom der Appendix als Differentialdiagnose des fortgeschrittenen Ovarialkarzinoms.
  • Malignant tumours of the appendix are rare.
  • Metastatic mucinous adenocarcinomas of the appendix are only reported as case histories.
  • In clinical terms, the tumours usually manifest themselves as acute appendicitis, as ruptured appendicitis, as a tumour in the right lower abdominal quadrant or as a pelvic tumour, which are generally mistaken for an ovarian tumour with the same sonographic image.
  • Advanced primary adenocarcinomas of the appendix with ovarian metastases cannot be distinguished intraoperatively from a FIGO III ovarian carcinoma.
  • The pathologist makes the definitive diagnosis.
  • Surgical therapy of the isolated primary appendiceal carcinoma consists of a hemicolectomy--an appendectomy in favourable cases--and, in the case of a metastasised carcinoma, according to the guidelines for an advanced ovarian or colon carcinoma.
  • [MeSH-major] Adenocarcinoma, Mucinous / diagnosis. Adenocarcinoma, Mucinous / secondary. Appendiceal Neoplasms / diagnosis. Carcinoma, Signet Ring Cell / diagnosis. Carcinoma, Signet Ring Cell / secondary. Ovarian Neoplasms / diagnosis. Ovarian Neoplasms / secondary
  • [MeSH-minor] Appendix / pathology. Appendix / surgery. Diagnosis, Differential. Female. Humans. Hysterectomy, Vaginal. Middle Aged. Omentum / pathology. Omentum / surgery. Ovary / pathology. Ovary / surgery. Peritoneal Neoplasms / diagnosis. Peritoneal Neoplasms / pathology. Peritoneal Neoplasms / secondary. Peritoneal Neoplasms / surgery. Peritoneum / pathology. Peritoneum / surgery. Postoperative Complications / diagnosis. Postoperative Complications / pathology. Postoperative Complications / surgery. Reoperation

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  • (PMID = 16939122.001).
  • [ISSN] 1661-8157
  • [Journal-full-title] Praxis
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Praxis (Bern 1994)
  • [Language] ger
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Switzerland
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23. Gramann T, Matter L, Pfofe D, Flury R, Jaeger P: [Metastazation into the seminal vesicles due to primary goblet cell carcinoid of the vermiform appendix. An unusual diagnostic procedure of a seminal vesicle tumor]. Urologe A; 2009 Nov;48(11):1352-5
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] [Metastazation into the seminal vesicles due to primary goblet cell carcinoid of the vermiform appendix. An unusual diagnostic procedure of a seminal vesicle tumor].
  • [Transliterated title] Samenblasenmetastase bei primärem Becherzellkarzinoid der Appendix vermiformis. Ein aussergewöhnlicher Abklärungsgang eines Samenblasentumors.
  • A goblet cell carcinoid of the vermiform appendix was identified as the primary tumor.
  • The tumor valency, diagnostic work up, therapy and further differential diagnoses are described.
  • [MeSH-major] Appendiceal Neoplasms / pathology. Carcinoid Tumor / pathology. Carcinoid Tumor / secondary. Genital Neoplasms, Male / pathology. Genital Neoplasms, Male / secondary. Seminal Vesicles / pathology
  • [MeSH-minor] Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols / administration & dosage. Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols / adverse effects. Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols / therapeutic use. Appendectomy. Appendix / pathology. Biomarkers, Tumor / analysis. Biopsy. Combined Modality Therapy. Diagnosis, Differential. Digital Rectal Examination. Fluorouracil / administration & dosage. Fluorouracil / adverse effects. Humans. Leucovorin / administration & dosage. Leucovorin / adverse effects. Magnetic Resonance Imaging. Male. Middle Aged. Organoplatinum Compounds / administration & dosage. Organoplatinum Compounds / adverse effects. Palliative Care. Patient Care Team. Peritoneal Neoplasms / pathology. Peritoneal Neoplasms / secondary. Synaptophysin / analysis

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  • [Cites] Am J Surg Pathol. 2006 Jun;30(6):694-704 [16723846.001]
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  • (PMID = 19705095.001).
  • [ISSN] 1433-0563
  • [Journal-full-title] Der Urologe. Ausg. A
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Urologe A
  • [Language] ger
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Germany
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Biomarkers, Tumor; 0 / Organoplatinum Compounds; 0 / Synaptophysin; Q573I9DVLP / Leucovorin; U3P01618RT / Fluorouracil; Folfox protocol
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24. Berendes TD, van der Straaten F: [A woman with right-sided lower abdominal pain due to intussusception of the appendix]. Ned Tijdschr Geneeskd; 2008 Nov 22;152(47):2571-4

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] [A woman with right-sided lower abdominal pain due to intussusception of the appendix].
  • [Transliterated title] Een vrouw met pijn rechts onder in de buik door een invaginatie van de appendix.
  • At exploratory laparotomy an invagination ofthe appendix through the appendicial base into the coecum was found.
  • Pathological findings were: presence of peri-appendicitis and foci ofendometriosis in the peri-appendiceal fatty and connective tissue.
  • Intussusception of the appendix is mostly found in children, particularly in boys.
  • [MeSH-major] Cecal Diseases / diagnosis. Intussusception / diagnosis
  • [MeSH-minor] Abdominal Pain / diagnosis. Abdominal Pain / surgery. Abdominal Pain / ultrasonography. Adult. Female. Humans. Treatment Outcome

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  • (PMID = 19174940.001).
  • [ISSN] 0028-2162
  • [Journal-full-title] Nederlands tijdschrift voor geneeskunde
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Ned Tijdschr Geneeskd
  • [Language] dut
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Netherlands
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25. Temesi R, Bezsilla J, Botos A, Sikorszki L, Berecz J, Pap T, Ludvig Z, Bende S: [Laparoscopic treatment of appendiceal mucocele]. Magy Seb; 2008 Feb;61(1):24-8

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] [Laparoscopic treatment of appendiceal mucocele].
  • [Transliterated title] Appendix mucokele laparoscopes mûtéti megoldása.
  • Mucocele is relatively rarely found in the appendix.
  • The hystological examinations showed appendiceal mucocele with no malignancy demonstrated.
  • We concluded that laparoscopy is a recommended method for the surgery of appendiceal mucocele.
  • [MeSH-major] Appendectomy / methods. Appendix / surgery. Laparoscopy. Mucocele / diagnosis. Mucocele / surgery

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  • (PMID = 18296281.001).
  • [ISSN] 0025-0295
  • [Journal-full-title] Magyar sebészet
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Magy Seb
  • [Language] hun
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Hungary
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26. Gali BM, Nggada HA, Eni EU: Schistosomiasis of the appendix in Maiduguri. Trop Doct; 2006 Jul;36(3):162-3
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Schistosomiasis of the appendix in Maiduguri.
  • We retrospectively studied 27 histologically diagnosed cases of schistosomiasis of the appendix at the University of Maiduguri Teaching Hospital between January 1994 and December 2003.
  • [MeSH-minor] Adolescent. Adult. Animals. Appendectomy. Appendix / parasitology. Female. Humans. Male. Middle Aged. Schistosoma haematobium. Schistosoma mansoni

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  • (PMID = 16884623.001).
  • [ISSN] 0049-4755
  • [Journal-full-title] Tropical doctor
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Trop Doct
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] England
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27. Oya S, Miyata K, Yuasa N, Takeuchi E, Goto Y, Miyake H, Nagasawa K, Kobayashi Y, Ito T, Ito M: Early carcinoma of the appendix vermiformis. Dig Endosc; 2009 Jan;21(1):53-5

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Early carcinoma of the appendix vermiformis.
  • It is difficult to preoperatively diagnose early carcinoma of the vermiform appendix because of its rarity and few specific clinical features.
  • In the present study, we report a preoperatively diagnosed mucosal carcinoma of the vermiform appendix.
  • [MeSH-major] Adenocarcinoma / diagnosis. Appendiceal Neoplasms / diagnosis

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  • (PMID = 19691804.001).
  • [ISSN] 1443-1661
  • [Journal-full-title] Digestive endoscopy : official journal of the Japan Gastroenterological Endoscopy Society
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Dig Endosc
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Australia
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28. Ruiz-Tovar J, Teruel DG, Castiñeiras VM, Dehesa AS, Quindós PL, Molina EM: Mucocele of the appendix. World J Surg; 2007 Mar;31(3):542-8

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Mucocele of the appendix.
  • BACKGROUND: Mucocele of the appendix is an infrequent event, representing 0.3%-0.7% of appendiceal pathology and 8% of appendiceal tumors.
  • It is characterized by a located or diffuse distension of the appendix with a mucus-filled lumen.
  • MATERIALS AND METHODS: We describe 35 cases of mucocele of the appendix diagnosed at Ramón y Cajal Hospital between January 1985 and January 2006.
  • In 4 cases, mucocele coexisted with colorectal cancer and was an incidental finding during laparotomy performed for tumor resection.
  • Ultrasonography and computed tomography (CT) scan helped to achieve a correct diagnosis.
  • Preoperative diagnosis of mucocele was achieved in 29% of the cases; 88% of patients underwent appendectomy, 2 had ileocecal resection, and 2 others underwent right hemicolectomy.
  • [MeSH-major] Appendix. Mucocele / pathology. Mucocele / surgery
  • [MeSH-minor] Adolescent. Adult. Aged. Aged, 80 and over. Appendectomy. Appendiceal Neoplasms / diagnosis. Appendiceal Neoplasms / pathology. Appendiceal Neoplasms / surgery. Diagnosis, Differential. Female. Humans. Male. Middle Aged. Treatment Outcome

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  • (PMID = 17318706.001).
  • [ISSN] 0364-2313
  • [Journal-full-title] World journal of surgery
  • [ISO-abbreviation] World J Surg
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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29. Costa RG: [Mucocele of the appendix]. Rev Col Bras Cir; 2009 Apr;36(2):180-2

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] [Mucocele of the appendix].
  • [Transliterated title] Mucocele de apêndice.
  • Appendiceal mucocele is a rare entity characterized by a gross enlargement of the appendix from accumulation of mucoid substance within the lumen.
  • Because of that, appendiceal mucocele is often incidentally discovered either during surgery or on radiologic examination.
  • A case of benign appendiceal mucocele is reported here, in a 49 years old male.
  • [MeSH-major] Appendix. Cecal Diseases. Mucocele

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  • (PMID = 20076893.001).
  • [ISSN] 1809-4546
  • [Journal-full-title] Revista do Colégio Brasileiro de Cirurgiões
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Rev Col Bras Cir
  • [Language] por
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; English Abstract; Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] Brazil
  • [Number-of-references] 5
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30. Echenique-Elizondo M, Liron de Robles C, Amondarain Arratíbel JA, Aribe X: [Mucocele of the appendix]. Cir Esp; 2007 Nov;82(5):297-300

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] [Mucocele of the appendix].
  • INTRODUCTION: Mucoceles of the appendix are infrequent entities and are found in only 0.25% of all appendectomies and 8% of all appendicular tumors.
  • MATERIAL AND METHODS: We describe 27 cases of mucocele of the appendix treated at Donostia Hospital between January 1978 and December 2006.
  • Three patients (11.1%) underwent surgery because of a diagnosis of abdominal tumor.
  • The main reason for emergency surgery was lower right abdominal pain in 14 patients (82.2%), intestinal obstruction in one (5.8%), a diagnosis of endometriosis in one (5.8%) and a diagnosis of pyosalpinx in one (5.8%).
  • CONCLUSIONS: We recommend monitoring of all patients with mucocele of the appendix, because these masses can sometimes be associated with neoplasms in other locations and there is a risk of pseudomyxoma peritonei even after a long follow-up.
  • [MeSH-major] Appendix. Cecal Diseases / surgery. Mucocele / surgery
  • [MeSH-minor] Adolescent. Adult. Aged. Aged, 80 and over. Appendiceal Neoplasms / diagnosis. Cystadenoma, Mucinous / diagnosis. Diagnosis, Differential. Female. Humans. Male. Middle Aged. Pseudomyxoma Peritonei / diagnosis. Radiography, Abdominal. Tomography, X-Ray Computed

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  • (PMID = 18021629.001).
  • [ISSN] 0009-739X
  • [Journal-full-title] Cirugía española
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Cir Esp
  • [Language] spa
  • [Publication-type] Comparative Study; English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Spain
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31. Smejkal P, Pazdro A, Smejkal M, Pafko P, Frantlová M: [The cystadenocarcinoma of the appendix]. Rozhl Chir; 2005 Jan;84(1):33-6

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] [The cystadenocarcinoma of the appendix].
  • The authors present a case-review of a patient with a large retroperitoneal tumor.
  • Histology confirmed a mucous cystadenocarcinoma of the appendix.
  • This tumor is low-invasive, mucus producing and rarely metastazing.
  • During the tumor progression, the tumorous cells enter the peritoneal cavity and cause, so called, pseudomyxoma peritonei.
  • The treatment principle is to complete a radical surgical removal of the tumor and, furthermore, in case of the pseudomyxoma periotenei, also application of the local peroperative chemotherapy.
  • [MeSH-major] Appendiceal Neoplasms. Cystadenocarcinoma, Mucinous

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  • (PMID = 15813454.001).
  • [ISSN] 0035-9351
  • [Journal-full-title] Rozhledy v chirurgii : měsíčník Československé chirurgické společnosti
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Rozhl Chir
  • [Language] cze
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Czech Republic
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32. Tang LH: Epithelial neoplasms of the appendix. Arch Pathol Lab Med; 2010 Nov;134(11):1612-20
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Epithelial neoplasms of the appendix.
  • CONTEXT: The appendix gives rise to an array of epithelial neoplasms showing glandular or neuroendocrine differentiation, and some tumors with elements of both cell types.
  • Although some appendiceal neoplasms resemble their counterparts in the small and large intestines (conventional adenocarcinoma and carcinoid tumor), the appendix also gives rise to relatively unique entities including mucinous neoplasms and goblet cell carcinoid tumors, which present a challenge in pathologic classification and clinical management.
  • OBJECTIVE: To review clinical and diagnostic issues for 3 pathologic types of epithelial neoplasms of the appendix:.
  • (1) adenocarcinoma, with specific focus on mucinous neoplasm;.
  • (2) goblet cell carcinoid tumor and associated adenocarcinoma; and (3) typical carcinoid tumor.
  • CONCLUSIONS: The most important issue in pathologic assessment of epithelial tumors of the appendix is to understand the clinical implications inherent in the diagnosis.
  • [MeSH-major] Adenocarcinoma / pathology. Appendiceal Neoplasms / pathology. Appendix / pathology. Carcinoid Tumor / pathology

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  • (PMID = 21043814.001).
  • [ISSN] 1543-2165
  • [Journal-full-title] Archives of pathology & laboratory medicine
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Arch. Pathol. Lab. Med.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] United States
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33. Delfosse V, Dome F, Detrembleur N, Wetz P, Boniver J, Fridman V: [Neuroendocrine tumors of the appendix]. Rev Med Liege; 2009 Jul-Aug;64(7-8):361-5

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] [Neuroendocrine tumors of the appendix].
  • [Transliterated title] Tumeurs neuroendocrines appendiculaires: à propos d'un cas, de l'histologie à la thérapeutique.
  • The histological study of the appendix revealed a tubular variant of endocrine carcinoma of the appendix.
  • Neuroendocrine tumors ("NETs") of the appendix are rare tumors which are usually detected incidentally, affecting 0.3% to 0.9% of appendectomies.
  • [MeSH-major] Appendectomy. Appendiceal Neoplasms / pathology. Appendiceal Neoplasms / surgery. Carcinoma, Neuroendocrine / pathology. Carcinoma, Neuroendocrine / surgery
  • [MeSH-minor] Appendicitis / etiology. Appendicitis / pathology. Appendicitis / surgery. Biomarkers, Tumor / analysis. Diagnosis, Differential. Female. Humans. Immunohistochemistry. Neuroendocrine Tumors / pathology. Neuroendocrine Tumors / surgery. Prognosis. Treatment Outcome. Young Adult

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  • (PMID = 19777911.001).
  • [ISSN] 0370-629X
  • [Journal-full-title] Revue médicale de Liège
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Rev Med Liege
  • [Language] fre
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Belgium
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Biomarkers, Tumor
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34. Vriens BH, Klaase JM: Giant mucinous cystadenoma of the appendix. Am J Surg; 2007 Sep;194(3):392-3

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Giant mucinous cystadenoma of the appendix.
  • Mucocele of the appendix is a rare entity, characterized by distension of the lumen caused by an accumulation of mucoid substance.
  • [MeSH-major] Appendix. Cecal Neoplasms. Cystadenoma, Mucinous

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  • (PMID = 17693289.001).
  • [ISSN] 1879-1883
  • [Journal-full-title] American journal of surgery
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Am. J. Surg.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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35. Hasegawa T, Yoshida K, Matsui K: Endometriosis of the appendix resulting in perforated appendicitis. Case Rep Gastroenterol; 2007;1(1):27-31

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Endometriosis of the appendix resulting in perforated appendicitis.
  • However, gastrointestinal endometriosis is rare and endometriosis of the appendix resulting in perforated appendicitis is even rarer.
  • We experienced a case of endometriosis of the appendix manifesting as panperitonitis caused by perforation of the appendix.
  • When perforation of the appendix was detected, appendectomy and intraperitoneal drainage were performed.
  • Pathological examination revealed endometriosis extending from the muscularis propria to the subserosa, and a diagnosis of endometriosis of the appendix was made.
  • We consider the relevant literature describing the mechanism by which endometriosis of the appendix occurs, and the association between endometriosis of the appendix and acute appendicitis.

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  • (PMID = 21487468.001).
  • [ISSN] 1662-0631
  • [Journal-full-title] Case reports in gastroenterology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Case Rep Gastroenterol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Switzerland
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC3073784
  • [Keywords] NOTNLM ; Appendix / Endometriosis / Perforated appendicitis
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36. Alvarez-Blanco M, Fernández-Meré LA, Martínez-Rodríguez E: [Crohn's disease of the appendix]. Cir Esp; 2005 Nov;78(5):333-5
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] [Crohn's disease of the appendix].
  • [Transliterated title] Enfermedad de Crohn apendicular.
  • Crohn's disease limited to the appendix is uncommon.
  • It is more frequent in young people and definitive diagnosis is histological.
  • We present a series of seven cases of Crohn's disease of the appendix that were treated in our surgery service over the past 12 years.
  • In all patients, the preoperative diagnosis was acute appendicitis and appendectomy was performed.
  • Histopathological evaluation was required for diagnosis.
  • Although isolated Crohn's disease of the appendix is a rare entity, it should be considered in the preoperative differential diagnosis of patients with right lower quadrant pain and a protracted preoperative course mimicking acute appendicitis.
  • [MeSH-major] Appendix. Cecal Diseases / complications. Crohn Disease / complications

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  • (PMID = 16420853.001).
  • [ISSN] 0009-739X
  • [Journal-full-title] Cirugía española
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Cir Esp
  • [Language] spa
  • [Publication-type] English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Spain
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37. Di Marco L, Berghenti M, Cocuzza C, Manfredini A, Sciascia V, Salmi R: [Pinworm infestation of the appendix]. G Chir; 2006 Jun-Jul;27(6-7):269-71
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] [Pinworm infestation of the appendix].
  • The Authors present 2 cases of enterobiasis of appendix observed on a total of 186 appendicectomies.
  • Preoperative diagnosis of pinworm infestation is almost impossible without clinical suspect.
  • It is also important considered in the differential diagnosis cases that mimic Crohn's disease.
  • [MeSH-major] Appendix. Cecal Diseases. Enterobiasis. Intestinal Diseases, Parasitic
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Animals. Appendectomy. Diagnosis, Differential. Enterobius / isolation & purification. Female. Humans

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  • (PMID = 17062198.001).
  • [ISSN] 0391-9005
  • [Journal-full-title] Il Giornale di chirurgia
  • [ISO-abbreviation] G Chir
  • [Language] ita
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Italy
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38. Louthan O: [Neuroendocrine tumours of the appendix]. Vnitr Lek; 2009 Nov;55(11):1051-5

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] [Neuroendocrine tumours of the appendix].
  • According to WHO, neuroendocrine tumors of the appendix (appendiceal carcinoids) are defined as 1. well-differentiated endocrine tumors with benign or uncertain behavior, 2. well-differentiated endocrine carcinoma and 3. goblet cell carcinoma.
  • Carcinoid syndrome is rare in appendiceal carcinoid.
  • Tumor size greater than 2 cm is the most important parameter for prognosis.
  • Most patients are cured by appendectomy (appendiceal tumors < or = 2 cm), tumors with a diameter > 2 cm should be managed by right hemicolectomy.
  • [MeSH-major] Appendiceal Neoplasms. Neuroendocrine Tumors

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  • (PMID = 20017436.001).
  • [ISSN] 0042-773X
  • [Journal-full-title] Vnitr̆ní lékar̆ství
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Vnitr Lek
  • [Language] cze
  • [Publication-type] English Abstract; Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] Czech Republic
  • [Number-of-references] 26
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39. Stinner B, Rothmund M: Neuroendocrine tumours (carcinoids) of the appendix. Best Pract Res Clin Gastroenterol; 2005 Oct;19(5):729-38
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Neuroendocrine tumours (carcinoids) of the appendix.
  • Neuroendocrine tumours (NETs) of the appendix (formerly 'carcinoids') are rare and are usually detected incidentally after appendectomy.
  • They are preferentially located at the tip of the appendix.
  • Treatment for lesions 1-2 cm is controversial and needs further characterization of the tumour (i.e. mesoappendiceal invasion, vascular invasion, mitotic activity, proliferation markers) and careful patient risk evaluation.
  • Overall prognosis of small appendiceal NET is excellent in all ages.
  • [MeSH-major] Appendectomy / methods. Appendiceal Neoplasms / pathology. Appendiceal Neoplasms / surgery. Carcinoid Tumor / pathology. Carcinoid Tumor / surgery. Neoplasm Invasiveness / pathology
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Age Distribution. Aged. Biopsy, Needle. Female. Follow-Up Studies. Humans. Immunohistochemistry. Incidence. Male. Middle Aged. Neoplasm Staging. Risk Assessment. Treatment Outcome

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  • (PMID = 16253897.001).
  • [ISSN] 1521-6918
  • [Journal-full-title] Best practice & research. Clinical gastroenterology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Best Pract Res Clin Gastroenterol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Comparative Study; Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Number-of-references] 32
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40. Radha S, Afroz T, Satyanarayana G: Primary marginal zone B-cell lymphoma of appendix. Indian J Pathol Microbiol; 2008 Jul-Sep;51(3):392-4

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Primary marginal zone B-cell lymphoma of appendix.
  • Primary lymphomas of appendix are extremely rare tumors.
  • The first case of primary lymphoma of appendix was reported by Warren in the year 1898.
  • Incidence of primary lymphoma of appendix is 0.015% of all gastrointestinal lymphomas.
  • This is a report of primary marginal zone B-cell lymphoma of appendix which presented as appendicular mass.
  • [MeSH-major] Appendix / pathology. Intestinal Neoplasms / diagnosis. Intestinal Neoplasms / pathology. Lymphoma, B-Cell, Marginal Zone / diagnosis. Lymphoma, B-Cell, Marginal Zone / pathology

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  • (PMID = 18723967.001).
  • [ISSN] 0377-4929
  • [Journal-full-title] Indian journal of pathology & microbiology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Indian J Pathol Microbiol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] India
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41. Bowling CB, Lipscomb GH: Torsion of the appendix mimicking ovarian torsion. Obstet Gynecol; 2006 Feb;107(2 Pt 2):466-7
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Torsion of the appendix mimicking ovarian torsion.
  • BACKGROUND: Appendiceal torsion is rare and generally seen more frequently in children than adults.
  • Torsion of the appendix was discovered and treated by laparoscopic appendectomy.
  • CONCLUSION: Patients with presumed ovarian torsion should undergo urgent laparoscopy for diagnosis and attempted ovarian salvage.
  • The possibility of conditions that may require different surgical interventions, such as appendiceal torsion, should be considered.
  • [MeSH-major] Appendix. Cecal Diseases / diagnosis. Ovarian Diseases / diagnosis
  • [MeSH-minor] Diagnosis, Differential. Female. Humans. Middle Aged. Torsion Abnormality / diagnosis

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  • (PMID = 16449151.001).
  • [ISSN] 0029-7844
  • [Journal-full-title] Obstetrics and gynecology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Obstet Gynecol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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42. O'Donnell ME, Badger SA, Beattie GC, Carson J, Garstin WI: Malignant neoplasms of the appendix. Int J Colorectal Dis; 2007 Oct;22(10):1239-48

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Malignant neoplasms of the appendix.
  • BACKGROUND: Appendiceal neoplasms, first described in 1882, are still rare, with pre-operative diagnosis invariably difficult.
  • A literature search of the PubMed database was then performed using the medical search headings; appendix, tumour, neoplasm and malignancy.
  • Other appendiceal pathologies were identified after appendicectomies, hemicolectomy and oophorectomy.
  • CONCLUSIONS: From our own experience and a subsequent review of the literature, we recommend right hemicolectomy as the treatment of choice for all malignant appendiceal neoplasms, except for small CCT less than 2 cm in diameter at the tip of the appendix, with a low proliferative index, without angiolymphatic or mesoappendiceal extension.
  • [MeSH-major] Appendiceal Neoplasms / diagnosis. Appendiceal Neoplasms / therapy

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  • (PMID = 17447078.001).
  • [ISSN] 0179-1958
  • [Journal-full-title] International journal of colorectal disease
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Int J Colorectal Dis
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Meta-Analysis
  • [Publication-country] Germany
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43. Ben Slama S, Lahmar A, Gharbi L, Ayadi A, Goutallier C, Khalfallah MT, Mzabi-Regaya S: [Isolated adenomatous polyposis of the appendix. Report of two cases]. Tunis Med; 2007 Jan;85(1):81-3

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] [Isolated adenomatous polyposis of the appendix. Report of two cases].
  • [Transliterated title] Polypose adenomateuse isolee de l'appendice. A propos de deux observations.
  • BACKGROUND: Adenomas are rarely diagnosed in the appendix and may be isolated or may coexist with other neoplasms in the gastrointestinal tract.
  • This emphasizes the need for postoperative colonoscopy when a polyp of the appendix is found.
  • AIM: Report two new cases of adenomas of the appendix.
  • [MeSH-major] Adenomatous Polyps. Appendiceal Neoplasms. Intestinal Polyps
  • [MeSH-minor] Acute Disease. Adult. Appendectomy. Appendicitis / diagnosis. Appendicitis / surgery. Appendix / pathology. Colonoscopy. Diagnosis, Differential. Follow-Up Studies. Humans. Male. Time Factors

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  • (PMID = 17424719.001).
  • [ISSN] 0041-4131
  • [Journal-full-title] La Tunisie médicale
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Tunis Med
  • [Language] fre
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Tunisia
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44. Rashid MM, Murtaza B, Khan NA: Torsion of appendix of testis. J Ayub Med Coll Abbottabad; 2007 Oct-Dec;19(4):131-3

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Torsion of appendix of testis.
  • An case of torsion of the appendix of testis is described in a 10 years old boy.
  • Emergency exploration of the left testis revealed a gangrenous appendix of the left testis.
  • The appendix of the testis was excised and the wound was closed.
  • [MeSH-major] Spermatic Cord Torsion / diagnosis. Spermatic Cord Torsion / surgery

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  • (PMID = 18693616.001).
  • [ISSN] 1025-9589
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of Ayub Medical College, Abbottabad : JAMC
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Ayub Med Coll Abbottabad
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Pakistan
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45. Abdullgaffar B: Diverticulosis and diverticulitis of the appendix. Int J Surg Pathol; 2009 Jun;17(3):231-7
MedlinePlus Health Information. consumer health - Diverticulosis and Diverticulitis.

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Diverticulosis and diverticulitis of the appendix.
  • Diverticulosis of the appendix is a relatively rare pathological finding.
  • Appendiceal diverticulosis is usually an incidental finding and clinically asymptomatic.
  • Appendiceal diverticulitis is a distinct entity with several clinical and pathological differences from acute appendicitis.
  • Therefore, appendiceal diverticulitis should be considered in the clinical differential diagnosis, especially in adult males with chronic abdominal pain.
  • Appendiceal diverticulosis demonstrates a significant association with obstructing or incidental appendiceal neoplasms.
  • It may play an important role in the development of pseudomyxoma peritonei, which is associated with appendiceal mucinous tumors.
  • When discovered either by preoperative radiological investigations or during an exploratory operation, prophylactic appendicectomy is advocated to prevent the risk of complications and to rule out the possibility of a coexisting neoplasm.
  • [MeSH-major] Appendix / pathology. Cecal Diseases / pathology. Diverticulitis / pathology. Diverticulum / pathology
  • [MeSH-minor] Diagnosis, Differential. Humans

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  • (PMID = 19233860.001).
  • [ISSN] 1066-8969
  • [Journal-full-title] International journal of surgical pathology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Int. J. Surg. Pathol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Number-of-references] 42
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46. Kubíková E, El Falougy H, Mizerákova P, Cingel V, Benuska J: [Position variability of the vermiform appendix and effect on diagnosis of appendicitis in children]. Rozhl Chir; 2009 Mar;88(3):133-5
MedlinePlus Health Information. consumer health - Appendicitis.

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] [Position variability of the vermiform appendix and effect on diagnosis of appendicitis in children].
  • [Transliterated title] Variabilita polôh apendix vermiformis a vplyv na diagnostiku apendicitídy u detí.
  • Vermiform appendix, seemingly inconspicious anatomical structure, may cause many complications.
  • These result from its topographico-anatomical relations to surrounding structures in abdominal cavity, but also from potential position variability of the vermiform appendix.
  • Variable position of the vermiform appendix can have effect on appendicitis diagnostic, as one of the most often cause of the acute abdomen in children.
  • [MeSH-major] Appendicitis / diagnosis. Appendix / pathology

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  • (PMID = 19526945.001).
  • [ISSN] 0035-9351
  • [Journal-full-title] Rozhledy v chirurgii : měsíčník Československé chirurgické společnosti
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Rozhl Chir
  • [Language] slo
  • [Publication-type] English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Czech Republic
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47. Pahlavan PS, Kanthan R: Goblet cell carcinoid of the appendix. World J Surg Oncol; 2005 Jun 20;3:36

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Goblet cell carcinoid of the appendix.
  • BACKGROUND: Goblet cell carcinoid (GCC) of the appendix is a rare neoplasm that share histological features of both adenocarcinoma and carcinoid tumor.
  • The clinical presentations of this neoplasm are also varied.
  • This review summarizes the published literature on GCC of the appendix.
  • The focus is on its diagnosis, histopathological aspects, clinical manifestations, and management.
  • METHODS: Published studies in the English language between 1966 to 2004 were identified through Medline keyword search utilizing terms "goblet cell carcinoid," "adenocarcinoid", "mucinous carcinoid" and "crypt cell carcinoma" of the appendix.
  • RESULTS: Based on the review of 57 published papers encompassing nearly 600 diagnosed patients, the mean age of presentation for GCC of the appendix was 58.89 years with equal representation in both males and females.
  • Accurate diagnosis of this neoplasm requires astute observations within an acutely inflamed appendix as this neoplasm has a prominent pattern of submucosal growth and usually lacks the formation of a well-defined tumor mass.
  • Concomitant distant metastasis at diagnosis was present in 11.16% of patients with the ovaries being the most common site in 3.60% followed by disseminated abdominal carcinomatosis in 1.03%.
  • Local lymph node involvement was seen in 8.76% of patients at the time of diagnosis.
  • GCC's of the appendix remains a neoplasm of unpredictable biological behavior and thus warrants lifelong surveillance for recurrence of the disease upon diagnosis and successful surgical extirpation.
  • CONCLUSION: GCC of the appendix is a rare neoplasm.
  • Due to its wide range of presentation, this tumor should be considered as a possible diagnosis in many varied situations leading to abdominal surgery.
  • In female patients with GCC of the appendix regardless of age, bilateral salpingo-oophorectomy is advocated.

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  • (PMID = 15967038.001).
  • [ISSN] 1477-7819
  • [Journal-full-title] World journal of surgical oncology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] World J Surg Oncol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC1182398
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48. Yetkin G, Uludağ M, Citgez B, Polat N: Endometriosis of the appendix presenting as acute appendicitis. BMJ Case Rep; 2009;2009

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Endometriosis of the appendix presenting as acute appendicitis.
  • As with other types of endometriosis in the intestinal tract, endometriosis of the appendix is generally asymptomatic and is usually discovered incidentally during laparotomy in patients with pelvic endometriosis.
  • Appendiceal endometriosis may not only cause symptoms of acute appendicitis, but may also present as cyclic and chronic right lower quadrant pain, melena, lower intestinal haemorrhage and caecal intussusception.
  • We report a case of appendiceal endometriosis clinically presenting as acute appendicitis, where the definitive diagnosis was established by histopathological examination of the appendix.

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  • (PMID = 21712861.001).
  • [ISSN] 1757-790X
  • [Journal-full-title] BMJ case reports
  • [ISO-abbreviation] BMJ Case Rep
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC3029301
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49. Baeza-Herrera C, García-Cabello LM, León-Cruz A, Martínez-Rivera Mde L: [Torsion of the vermiform appendix associated with intussusception]. Cir Cir; 2006 Sep-Oct;74(5):369-71
MedlinePlus Health Information. consumer health - After Surgery.

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] [Torsion of the vermiform appendix associated with intussusception].
  • BACKGROUND: Vermiform appendix torsion is a rare condition, with only 25 cases recorded in the international literature.
  • Three days later, a new laparotomy was required and we found torsion and perforation of the vermiform appendix.
  • The patient underwent appendectomy, but there was dehiscence of the appendiceal stump and cecal perforation requiring a new surgical exploration.
  • [MeSH-major] Appendix. Cecal Diseases / complications. Ileocecal Valve. Intussusception / complications. Postoperative Complications / surgery

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  • (PMID = 17224108.001).
  • [ISSN] 0009-7411
  • [Journal-full-title] Cirugía y cirujanos
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Cir Cir
  • [Language] spa
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Mexico
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50. Val-Bernal JF, Val D, Garijo MF: Ectopic epididymal tissue in appendix testis. Virchows Arch; 2006 Sep;449(3):373-5

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Ectopic epididymal tissue in appendix testis.
  • To the best of our knowledge, aberrant epididymal tissue has not been described in a testicular appendix.
  • At operation, the surgeon removed a pedunculated appendix testis containing an epididymal heterotopia.

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  • (PMID = 16868781.001).
  • [ISSN] 0945-6317
  • [Journal-full-title] Virchows Archiv : an international journal of pathology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Virchows Arch.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Germany
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Biomarkers; EC 3.4.24.11 / Neprilysin
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51. Rusyniak DE, Nanagas KA: Conservative management of elemental mercury retained in the appendix. Clin Toxicol (Phila); 2008 Nov;46(9):831-3
Hazardous Substances Data Bank. MERCURY, ELEMENTAL .

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Conservative management of elemental mercury retained in the appendix.
  • INTRODUCTION: Few cases of mercury sequestration in the appendix appear in the literature.
  • We report a case in which a patient with mercury retained in the appendix was managed conservatively without developing mercurialism or appendicitis.
  • An initial abdominal radiograph showed mercury in the pylorus of the stomach and a follow-up x-ray at 72 hours showed mercury localized to the appendix.
  • CONCLUSION: Patients in whom elemental mercury is retained in the appendix, who are without symptoms and have normal gastric mucosa, may be conservatively managed without surgery.
  • [MeSH-major] Appendix / metabolism. Mercury / pharmacokinetics. Suicide, Attempted

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  • (PMID = 18608269.001).
  • [ISSN] 1556-9519
  • [Journal-full-title] Clinical toxicology (Philadelphia, Pa.)
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Clin Toxicol (Phila)
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] FXS1BY2PGL / Mercury
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52. Herscu G, Kong A, Russell D, Tran CL, Varela JE, Cohen A, Stamos MJ: Retrocecal appendix location and perforation at presentation. Am Surg; 2006 Oct;72(10):890-3
MedlinePlus Health Information. consumer health - Appendicitis.

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Retrocecal appendix location and perforation at presentation.
  • To determine the influence of retrocecal anatomy on clinical course of appendicitis, 200 adult patients treated at a major university medical center with the diagnosis of appendicitis from 2001 to 2004 were retrospectively studied.
  • Computed tomography (CT) scans of adult patients with an ultimate diagnosis of appendicitis were analyzed to determine an association between retrocecal appendix and perforation of the appendix at presentation.
  • By regression analysis, age and the presence of a fecalith on CT scan were predictors of appendix perforation.
  • Appendix location was not.
  • In this study, we found no significant association between retrocecal appendix anatomy and perforation at presentation.
  • [MeSH-major] Appendicitis / radiography. Appendix / radiography

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  • (PMID = 17058728.001).
  • [ISSN] 0003-1348
  • [Journal-full-title] The American surgeon
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Am Surg
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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53. Hu CC, Chang JJ, Chen TC, Yen CL, Chien RN: Colonoscopic feature of primary adenocarcinoma of the appendix:. Intern Med; 2008;47(4):255-7
MedlinePlus Health Information. consumer health - Colonoscopy.

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Colonoscopic feature of primary adenocarcinoma of the appendix:.
  • We herein report a case of primary adenocarcinoma of the appendix, a very rare disease that is seldom diagnosed before surgical intervention.
  • This case was first suspected for its unique colonoscopic presentation as a cecal submucosal tumor with an overlying mucin-coat at the appendiceal orifice.
  • The diagnosis was later confirmed after the operation.
  • [MeSH-major] Adenocarcinoma / pathology. Appendix. Cecal Neoplasms / pathology. Colonoscopy

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  • (PMID = 18277025.001).
  • [ISSN] 1349-7235
  • [Journal-full-title] Internal medicine (Tokyo, Japan)
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Intern. Med.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Japan
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54. Fornaro R, Picori E, Stabilini C, Frascio M, Sticchi C, Boccardo C, Ricci B, Giannetta E: [Carcinoid tumors of the appendix: when right colectomy?]. G Chir; 2006 May;27(5):233-9
MedlinePlus Health Information. consumer health - Carcinoid Tumors.

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] [Carcinoid tumors of the appendix: when right colectomy?].
  • Three cases of carcinoid tumour of the appendix (about 0,3 % of all performed appendectomies) has induced the Authors to a review of the literature with the aim to underline the most important biological and pathological findings and the current clinic and therapeutic knowledges.
  • The diagnosis before surgery is rarely made; it is formulated incidentally in most patients by the histological exam during the operation for an appendicitis or during other surgical procedures.
  • The kind of surgical intervention, that is the entity of the surgical demolition, for the treatment of the carcinoid tumours of the appendix is still controversial: appendectomy or right colectomy?
  • It is possible identify, also during the operation for an appendicitis or for other abdominal lesions, criteria that can orient toward a major surgery (size of the neoplasia, subserosal lymphatic invasion, infiltration of the serosa, diffusion in the meso-appendix, location in closeness of the base of the appendix, invasion of the the locoregional lymph nodes, presence of metastases, section ?margins, number of mitoses, cellular pleiomorfism).
  • [MeSH-major] Appendectomy. Appendiceal Neoplasms / surgery. Carcinoid Tumor / surgery. Colectomy

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  • (PMID = 16857114.001).
  • [ISSN] 0391-9005
  • [Journal-full-title] Il Giornale di chirurgia
  • [ISO-abbreviation] G Chir
  • [Language] ita
  • [Publication-type] Comparative Study; English Abstract; Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] Italy
  • [Number-of-references] 31
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55. Ahmed I, Asgeirsson KS, Beckingham IJ, Lobo DN: The position of the vermiform appendix at laparoscopy. Surg Radiol Anat; 2007 Mar;29(2):165-8
COS Scholar Universe. author profiles.

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] The position of the vermiform appendix at laparoscopy.
  • BACKGROUND: The vermiform appendix has no constant position and the data on the variations in its position are limited.
  • The aim of this study was to determine the frequency of the various positions of the appendix at laparoscopy.
  • The positions of the appendix and the caecum were determined after insertion of the laparoscope, prior to any other procedure and the relative frequencies calculated.
  • The appendix was pelvic in 155 (51.2%) patients, pre-ileal in 9 (3.0%), para-caecal in 11 (3.6%), post-ileal in 67 (22.1%) and retrocaecal in 61 (20.1%) patients.
  • CONCLUSION: Contrary to the common belief the appendix is more often found in the pelvic rather than the retrocaecal position.
  • [MeSH-major] Appendix / anatomy & histology. Appendix / surgery. Laparoscopy

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  • (PMID = 17318285.001).
  • [ISSN] 0930-1038
  • [Journal-full-title] Surgical and radiologic anatomy : SRA
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Surg Radiol Anat
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Germany
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56. García Lozano A, Vázquez Tarrago A, Castro García C, Richart Aznar J, Gómez Abril S, Martínez Abad M: [Mucocele of the appendix: Presentation of 31 cases]. Cir Esp; 2010 Feb;87(2):108-12

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] [Mucocele of the appendix: Presentation of 31 cases].
  • [Transliterated title] Mucocele apendicular: presentación de 31 casos.
  • Mucocele of the appendix is a very uncommon disease estimated to be seen in 0.2-0.3% of all appendectomies (0.28% in our series).
  • The term "mucocele" means dilation of the appendix due to mucus, caused either by a benign process or a malignant one (cystadenoma or adenocarcinoma).
  • RESULTS: The histology results showed that it was benign in 21 cases.
  • The appendix was removed in all cases; five by laparoscopy, with caecal resection in 8 cases (1 was a cystadenocarcinoma) and right ileocolectomy in 15 patients (9 malignant).
  • CONCLUSION: Follow up is recommended, not only to monitor the appendicular disease, but also due to the high incidence of synchronic or metachronic tumour processes in other areas.
  • [MeSH-major] Appendix. Cecal Diseases. Mucocele

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  • [Copyright] Copyright 2009 AEC. Published by Elsevier Espana. All rights reserved.
  • [CommentIn] Cir Esp. 2011 Mar;89(3):200-1; author reply 201-2 [21349501.001]
  • (PMID = 19963210.001).
  • [ISSN] 0009-739X
  • [Journal-full-title] Cirugía española
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Cir Esp
  • [Language] spa
  • [Publication-type] English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Spain
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57. Roberge RJ, Park AJ: Mucocele of the appendix: an important clinical rarity. J Emerg Med; 2006 Apr;30(3):303-6

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Mucocele of the appendix: an important clinical rarity.
  • Mucocele is an uncommon pathology of the vermiform appendix that can be confused with acute appendicitis.
  • We present a case of an appendiceal mucocele associated with subacute, intermittent right lower quadrant discomfort.
  • The diagnosis of appendiceal mucocele is an important one in that it can be associated with malignancies and other serious gastrointestinal, ovarian, and urological complications.
  • [MeSH-major] Cecal Diseases / diagnosis. Mucocele / diagnosis

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  • (PMID = 16677983.001).
  • [ISSN] 0736-4679
  • [Journal-full-title] The Journal of emergency medicine
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Emerg Med
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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58. Leslie JA, Dussinger AM, Meldrum KK: Creation of continence mechanisms (Mitrofanoff) without appendix: the Monti and spiral Monti procedures. Urol Oncol; 2007 Mar-Apr;25(2):148-53
COS Scholar Universe. author profiles.

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Creation of continence mechanisms (Mitrofanoff) without appendix: the Monti and spiral Monti procedures.
  • Pediatric urologists have widely used this technique for years, especially when the appendix is either not available or suitable for use.
  • [MeSH-major] Appendix. Urinary Incontinence / surgery. Urinary Reservoirs, Continent

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  • (PMID = 17349531.001).
  • [ISSN] 1078-1439
  • [Journal-full-title] Urologic oncology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Urol. Oncol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Number-of-references] 14
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59. Palomino-Portilla EA, Valbuena JR, Quinones-Avila Mdel P, Medeiros LJ: Myeloid sarcoma of appendix mimicking acute appendicitis. Arch Pathol Lab Med; 2005 Aug;129(8):1027-31
MedlinePlus Health Information. consumer health - Appendicitis.

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Myeloid sarcoma of appendix mimicking acute appendicitis.
  • CONTEXT: Myeloid sarcoma is a neoplasm of immature myeloid cells involving an extramedullary anatomic site that is usually, although not always, associated with acute myeloid leukemia.
  • Any extramedullary site can be involved by myeloid sarcoma, but involvement of the cecal appendix is uncommon, and symptoms mimicking acute appendicitis as a result of appendiceal involvement are rare.
  • OBJECTIVE: To describe the clinicopathologic features of 2 patients with myeloid sarcoma involving the appendix who presented with right lower quadrant pain suggestive of acute appendicitis and prompting appendectomy.
  • Histologic examination of the appendix revealed poorly differentiated myeloid sarcoma in both cases.
  • Each neoplasm was positive for chloroacetate esterase, myeloperoxidase, lysozyme, and CD43 and was negative for CD3 and CD20.
  • CONCLUSIONS: Myeloid sarcoma involving the appendix can rarely cause pain or other symptoms mimicking acute appendicitis.
  • A high index of suspicion combined with the use of cytochemical and immunohistochemical studies are helpful in establishing the diagnosis.
  • [MeSH-major] Appendicitis / diagnosis. Appendix / pathology. Leukemia, Myeloid / diagnosis. Sarcoma, Myeloid / diagnosis
  • [MeSH-minor] Abdomen / ultrasonography. Adult. Biomarkers, Tumor / metabolism. Chemotherapy, Adjuvant. Child. Diagnosis, Differential. Female. Humans. Immunohistochemistry. Male. Palliative Care. Radiotherapy. Retrospective Studies. Treatment Outcome

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  • (PMID = 16048393.001).
  • [ISSN] 1543-2165
  • [Journal-full-title] Archives of pathology & laboratory medicine
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Arch. Pathol. Lab. Med.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Biomarkers, Tumor
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60. Huang B, Di MJ, Liu HS, Qiu LL, Sun LJ, Xu JP: [Primary malignant tumor of the appendix: clinicopathological analysis of 22 cases]. Zhejiang Da Xue Xue Bao Yi Xue Ban; 2009 Mar;38(2):194-8
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] [Primary malignant tumor of the appendix: clinicopathological analysis of 22 cases].
  • OBJECTIVE: To investigate the clinicopathological and immunohistochemical features of primary malignant tumor of the appendix.
  • METHODS: The clinical data were reviewed; and histopathological and immunohistochemical features were analyzed in 22 cases with primary malignant tumor of the appendix.
  • RESULT: In 22 cases of primary malignant tumor of the appendix, 19 cases were carcinoid and 3 were adenocarcinoma.
  • CONCLUSION: Immunohistochemistry is useful in diagnosis of primary malignant tumor of the appendix, a rare type of cancer.
  • [MeSH-major] Appendiceal Neoplasms / pathology. Carcinoid Tumor / pathology
  • [MeSH-minor] Adenocarcinoma / diagnosis. Adenocarcinoma / pathology. Adenocarcinoma / surgery. Adolescent. Adult. Aged. Female. Humans. Immunohistochemistry. Male. Middle Aged. Young Adult

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  • (PMID = 19363829.001).
  • [ISSN] 1008-9292
  • [Journal-full-title] Zhejiang da xue xue bao. Yi xue ban = Journal of Zhejiang University. Medical sciences
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Zhejiang Da Xue Xue Bao Yi Xue Ban
  • [Language] chi
  • [Publication-type] English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] China
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61. Reggio E, Richstone L, Okeke Z, Kavoussi LR: Laparoscopic ureteroplasty using on-lay appendix graft. Urology; 2009 Apr;73(4):928.e7-10
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Laparoscopic ureteroplasty using on-lay appendix graft.
  • Complex ureteral reconstruction has been performed with ileum, appendix, or other intestinal segments for the treatment of long ureteral strictures.
  • The stricture was treated using a laparoscopic on-lay appendix graft.
  • [MeSH-major] Appendix / transplantation. Laparoscopy. Urethra / surgery. Urethral Stricture / surgery

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  • (PMID = 18701147.001).
  • [ISSN] 1527-9995
  • [Journal-full-title] Urology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Urology
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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62. Gilboa Y, Fridman E, Ofir K, Achiron R: Carcinoid tumor of the appendix: ultrasound findings in early pregnancy. Ultrasound Obstet Gynecol; 2008 May;31(5):576-8
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Carcinoid tumor of the appendix: ultrasound findings in early pregnancy.
  • Ultrasound examination of a woman in early pregnancy with right lower quadrant abdominal pain demonstrated an edematous appendix with amorphous fluid surrounding the appendix.
  • On pathological evaluation following surgical removal of the appendix a rare case of carcinoid tumor of the appendix was diagnosed.
  • This is the first description of the transvaginal ultrasound features of a carcinoid tumor of the appendix.
  • [MeSH-major] Appendiceal Neoplasms / ultrasonography. Carcinoid Tumor / ultrasonography. Pregnancy Complications, Neoplastic / ultrasonography

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  • [Copyright] Copyright (c) 2008 ISUOG
  • (PMID = 18393270.001).
  • [ISSN] 1469-0705
  • [Journal-full-title] Ultrasound in obstetrics & gynecology : the official journal of the International Society of Ultrasound in Obstetrics and Gynecology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Ultrasound Obstet Gynecol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] England
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63. Oto A, Srinivasan PN, Ernst RD, Koroglu M, Cesani F, Nishino T, Chaljub G: Revisiting MRI for appendix location during pregnancy. AJR Am J Roentgenol; 2006 Mar;186(3):883-7
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Revisiting MRI for appendix location during pregnancy.
  • OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study is to determine the location of the appendix in pregnant patients by MRI and to investigate the possibility of gradual upward displacement of the appendix during pregnancy.
  • CONCLUSION: The gradual upward displacement of the appendix during pregnancy was confirmed.
  • MRI can be used for determination of the appendix localization in pregnant patients.
  • [MeSH-major] Appendix / anatomy & histology. Magnetic Resonance Imaging / methods

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  • (PMID = 16498125.001).
  • [ISSN] 0361-803X
  • [Journal-full-title] AJR. American journal of roentgenology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] AJR Am J Roentgenol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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64. Józsa T, Csízy I, Kutasy B, Cserni T, Flaskó T: Decreased incidence of appendix testis in cryptorchidism with intraoperative survey. Urol Int; 2008;80(3):317-20

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Decreased incidence of appendix testis in cryptorchidism with intraoperative survey.
  • OBJECTIVE: Several authors have investigated the background of the process of testicular descent, but the role of the appendix testis has not been studied.
  • The human appendix testis was found to express both estrogen and androgen receptors.
  • METHODS: The number of appendix testis was evaluated retrospectively in 208 boys who underwent uni- or bilateral orchiopexy, hydrocele or hernia repair and the testis was visible during operation.
  • RESULTS: The incidence of appendix testis was 76% (78 in 103) in descended and 24% (30 in 125) in undescended testes.
  • Mean age at orchiopexy was lower in patients without appendix testis (39 months) compared to those patients who were found with appendix (61 months).
  • CONCLUSION: The incidence of appendix testis was significantly lower (p < 0.05) in undescended testes, suggesting that the appendix testis might play a role in the process of testicular descent.
  • [MeSH-minor] Child. Child, Preschool. Congenital Abnormalities / diagnosis. Congenital Abnormalities / epidemiology. Humans. Incidence. Infant. Intraoperative Period. Male. Retrospective Studies

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  • [Copyright] 2008 S. Karger AG, Basel
  • (PMID = 18480639.001).
  • [ISSN] 1423-0399
  • [Journal-full-title] Urologia internationalis
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Urol. Int.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Switzerland
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65. Abrão MS, Dias JA Jr, Rodini GP, Podgaec S, Bassi MA, Averbach M: Endometriosis at several sites, cyclic bowel symptoms, and the likelihood of the appendix being affected. Fertil Steril; 2010 Aug;94(3):1099-101
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Endometriosis at several sites, cyclic bowel symptoms, and the likelihood of the appendix being affected.
  • In patients with endometriosis of the appendix, other sites are use to be affected by the disease, mainly bladder, rectosigmoid and retrocervical endometriosis.
  • When these characteristics are present or if patients have more than three sites affected by endometriosis, the surgeon should evaluate the appendix carefully.
  • [MeSH-major] Appendix / pathology. Cecal Diseases / diagnosis. Cecal Diseases / epidemiology. Endometriosis / diagnosis. Endometriosis / epidemiology. Intestinal Diseases / diagnosis

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  • [Copyright] Copyright (c) 2010 American Society for Reproductive Medicine. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
  • (PMID = 20004387.001).
  • [ISSN] 1556-5653
  • [Journal-full-title] Fertility and sterility
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Fertil. Steril.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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66. Alese OB, Irabor DO: Mucinous cystadenoma of the appendix: a case report. Afr Health Sci; 2010 Mar;10(1):99-100
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Mucinous cystadenoma of the appendix: a case report.
  • INTRODUCTION: Tumours of the appendix are emerging as diseases of increasing concern due to a rising incidence1.
  • We present a case of mucinous cystadenoma of the appendix in an elderly patient.
  • To our knowledge, this is the first report of mucinous cystadenoma of the appendix from Nigeria.
  • [MeSH-major] Appendiceal Neoplasms / pathology. Cystadenoma, Mucinous / pathology. Mucocele / pathology
  • [MeSH-minor] Aged. Diagnosis, Differential. Humans. Male. Treatment Outcome

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  • [Cites] Int Surg. 2001 Oct-Dec;86(4):259-62 [12056473.001]
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  • (PMID = 20811533.001).
  • [ISSN] 1729-0503
  • [Journal-full-title] African health sciences
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Afr Health Sci
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Uganda
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC2895793
  • [Keywords] NOTNLM ; Appendiceal tumour / Appendicectomy
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67. Smith HF, Fisher RE, Everett ML, Thomas AD, Bollinger RR, Parker W: Comparative anatomy and phylogenetic distribution of the mammalian cecal appendix. J Evol Biol; 2009 Oct;22(10):1984-99
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Comparative anatomy and phylogenetic distribution of the mammalian cecal appendix.
  • A recently improved understanding of gut immunity has merged with current thinking in biological and medical science, pointing to an apparent function of the mammalian cecal appendix as a safe-house for symbiotic gut microbes, preserving the flora during times of gastrointestinal infection in societies without modern medicine.
  • This function is potentially a selective force for the evolution and maintenance of the appendix, and provides an impetus for reassessment of the evolution of the appendix.
  • A comparative anatomical approach reveals three apparent morphotypes of the cecal appendix, as well as appendix-like structures in some species that lack a true cecal appendix.
  • Cladistic analyses indicate that the appendix has evolved independently at least twice (at least once in diprotodont marsupials and at least once in Euarchontoglires), shows a highly significant (P < 0.0001) phylogenetic signal in its distribution, and has been maintained in mammalian evolution for 80 million years or longer.

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  • (PMID = 19678866.001).
  • [ISSN] 1420-9101
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of evolutionary biology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Evol. Biol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Grant] United States / NIDDK NIH HHS / DK / P30 DK34987; United States / NHLBI NIH HHS / HL / R01 HL60232-03
  • [Publication-type] Comparative Study; Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] Switzerland
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68. Rajendran N, Ameen S, Rohatgi A: Laparoscopic management of a torted appendix. Ann R Coll Surg Engl; 2006 Oct;88(6):W6-7
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Laparoscopic management of a torted appendix.
  • Torted appendices are a rare occurrence but should be considered when encountering a haemorrhagic congested appendix on laparoscopy.

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  • [Cites] J Pediatr Surg. 2005 Feb;40(2):446-7 [15750946.001]
  • [Cites] Med J Aust. 2002 Dec 2-16;177(11-12):632 [12523322.001]
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  • (PMID = 17059706.001).
  • [ISSN] 1478-7083
  • [Journal-full-title] Annals of the Royal College of Surgeons of England
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Ann R Coll Surg Engl
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC1963757
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69. Umemoto M, Shiota M, Shimaoka M, Hoshiai H: Definitive diagnosis of primary adenocarcinoma of the appendix by laparoscopic appendectomy. J Obstet Gynaecol Res; 2007 Aug;33(4):590-4

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Definitive diagnosis of primary adenocarcinoma of the appendix by laparoscopic appendectomy.
  • We report a 62-year-old woman with a primary adenocarcinoma of the appendix mimicking ovarian tumor.
  • However, the present case suggests that, in some cases, if cancer of the appendix can be diagnosed early, laparotomy can be avoided and the cancer treated with minimally invasive laparoscopic surgery alone.
  • [MeSH-major] Adenocarcinoma / pathology. Appendiceal Neoplasms / pathology

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  • (PMID = 17688638.001).
  • [ISSN] 1341-8076
  • [Journal-full-title] The journal of obstetrics and gynaecology research
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Obstet. Gynaecol. Res.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Japan
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70. Uradomo LT, Darwin PE: Evaluation of subepithelial abnormalities of the appendix by endoscopic ultrasound. Diagn Ther Endosc; 2009;2009:295379

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Evaluation of subepithelial abnormalities of the appendix by endoscopic ultrasound.
  • Few reports include the evaluation of the appendix by EUS.
  • Objective. To describe endoscopic and endosonographic characteristics of subepithelial lesions of the appendix.
  • Adult patients referred for evaluation of subepithelial lesions of the appendix identified by colonoscopy between April 1, 2003 to February 29, 2008.
  • Data were abstracted from an electronic endoscopic database for all patients undergoing miniprobe endoscopic ultrasound examination of the appendix.
  • Cases also included one inverted appendix, one gastrointestinal stromal tumor, and one lipoma.
  • Conclusions. EUS evaluation of the appendix is feasible with standard miniprobe devices and may assist in the selection of patients who may benefit from surgical management.

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  • [Cites] Gastrointest Endosc. 1997 Nov;46(5):406-11 [9402113.001]
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  • (PMID = 19920863.001).
  • [ISSN] 1070-3608
  • [Journal-full-title] Diagnostic and therapeutic endoscopy
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Diagn Ther Endosc
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC2777238
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71. Shanmugam M, Sethupathi P, Rhee KJ, Yong S, Knight KL: Bacterial-induced inflammation in germ-free rabbit appendix. Inflamm Bowel Dis; 2005 Nov;11(11):992-6
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Bacterial-induced inflammation in germ-free rabbit appendix.
  • In this report, we document the use of a germ-free ligated rabbit appendix model to induce inflammatory changes in response to specific bacteria.
  • With the introduction of a Bacteroides vulgatus isolate from humans into the germ-free ligated appendix, we found chronic inflammatory changes, including glandular distortion, gland drop-out, decreased goblet cells, and crypt abscess formation.
  • [MeSH-major] Appendix / immunology. Bacteroides / pathogenicity. Disease Models, Animal. Inflammatory Bowel Diseases / immunology. Inflammatory Bowel Diseases / physiopathology

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  • (PMID = 16239845.001).
  • [ISSN] 1078-0998
  • [Journal-full-title] Inflammatory bowel diseases
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Inflamm. Bowel Dis.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Grant] United States / NIAID NIH HHS / AI / AI 50260; United States / NIAID NIH HHS / AI / T32 AI07508
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural
  • [Publication-country] United States
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72. Miyazaki K, Satoh H, Sekizawa K: Metastasis to appendix from lung adenocarcinoma. Int J Gastrointest Cancer; 2005;36(1):59-60
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Metastasis to appendix from lung adenocarcinoma.
  • Endoscopic evaluation revealed no obstruction, but failed to identify mucosal abnormalities in the ileocecal region.
  • He underwent a laparotomy, and tumor of the appendix, 3 x 3 cm in diameter, adhered to the surrounding tissue, but no perforation was seen.
  • The mass was excised in combination with an ileocecal resection, followed by ileocolic anastomosis.
  • Hisotologically, the neoplastic tumor cells infiltrated the submucosa, muscularis, and serosa, but mucosa of the appendix was intact, unremarkable, with no precursor lesion.
  • The tumor was morphologically similar to the lung primary tumor.
  • He was examined at regular periodic follow-ups, but died from lung cancer 12 mo after the resection of the metastatic tumor to the appendix.
  • [MeSH-major] Appendiceal Neoplasms / secondary. Lung Neoplasms / pathology

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  • [CommentOn] Int J Gastrointest Cancer. 2003;34(1):55-8 [15235136.001]
  • [Cites] Pathol Int. 1996 Mar;46(3):216-20 [10846573.001]
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  • [Cites] Dis Colon Rectum. 1970 Jul-Aug;13(4):336-40 [5459822.001]
  • (PMID = 16227637.001).
  • [ISSN] 1537-3649
  • [Journal-full-title] International journal of gastrointestinal cancer
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Int J Gastrointest Cancer
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Comment; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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73. Stamatakos M, Stefanaki Ch, Tsaknaki S, Safioleas P, Iannescu R, Safioleas M: Primary adenocarcinoma of the appendix: an update. Chirurgia (Bucur); 2009 Jul-Aug;104(4):389-92

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Primary adenocarcinoma of the appendix: an update.
  • Adenocarcinoid arising in the vermiform appendix is a rarity.
  • The diagnosis of appendiceal adenocarcinoma has never been made preoperatively and is frequently an incidental finding at the time of operation for unrelated conditions.
  • [MeSH-major] Adenocarcinoma. Appendectomy. Appendiceal Neoplasms
  • [MeSH-minor] Carcinoid Tumor / diagnosis. Carcinoid Tumor / epidemiology. Carcinoid Tumor / surgery. Humans. Incidental Findings. Prognosis. Treatment Outcome

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  • (PMID = 19886044.001).
  • [ISSN] 1221-9118
  • [Journal-full-title] Chirurgia (Bucharest, Romania : 1990)
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Chirurgia (Bucur)
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Romania
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74. Deyl RT, Averbeck MA, Almeida GL, Pioner GT, Souto CA: Appendix interposition for total left ureteral reconstruction. J Pediatr Urol; 2009 Jun;5(3):237-9
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Appendix interposition for total left ureteral reconstruction.
  • INTRODUCTION: Appendix interposition has been described as an option for surgical reconstruction of partial and total ureteral defects both in children and adults.
  • However, to our knowledge, appendix interposition for a total left ureteral reconstruction has never been described.
  • CASE REPORT: We report the first case of total left ureteral reconstruction with cecal appendix to connect the renal pelvis of a native kidney to the urinary bladder in a 3-month-old child with ureteral necrosis following pyeloplasty.
  • CONCLUSION: Total ureteral reconstruction with cecal appendix is a feasible technique in young children.
  • Surveillance for late operative complications is required, since this is the first case of total left ureteral reconstruction with appendix to connect the renal pelvis of a native kidney to the urinary bladder.
  • [MeSH-major] Appendix / transplantation. Reconstructive Surgical Procedures / methods. Ureter / surgery. Ureteral Obstruction / surgery. Urologic Surgical Procedures, Male / methods

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  • (PMID = 19109072.001).
  • [ISSN] 1873-4898
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of pediatric urology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Pediatr Urol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] England
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75. Mukhopadhyay M, Shukla RM, Mandal KC, Mukhopadhyay B: Renal teratoma with duplication of cecum and appendix. J Pediatr Surg; 2010 Jan;45(1):255-8
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  • [Title] Renal teratoma with duplication of cecum and appendix.
  • The tumor was removed successfully, and the patient had an uneventful recovery.
  • The tumor mass also had an appendix and cecum within the tumor, along with a normal appendix and cecum with a separate blood supply.
  • [MeSH-major] Appendix / abnormalities. Cecum / abnormalities

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  • [Copyright] Copyright 2010 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
  • (PMID = 20105615.001).
  • [ISSN] 1531-5037
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of pediatric surgery
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Pediatr. Surg.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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76. Barc RM, Rousset J, Maignien B, Lu M, Prime-Guitton CH, Garcia JF: [Diverticula of the appendix and their complications: value of sonography (review of 21 cases)]. J Radiol; 2005 Mar;86(3):299-309

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] [Diverticula of the appendix and their complications: value of sonography (review of 21 cases)].
  • [Transliterated title] Les diverticules appendiculaires et leurs complications: apport de l'échographie (à propos de 21 cas).
  • Diverticulosis and its associated complications may involve the appendix.
  • The imaging and histological findings of 21 cases of diverticulitis of the appendix are reviewed.
  • MATERIALS AND METHODS: Sonography, because of its high spatial resolution, is an ideal imaging technique to diagnose diverticulitis of the appendix.
  • RESULTS: Similar to diverticulosis of the large bowel, diverticula of the appendix correspond to pseudo-diverticula composed of mucosa and sub mucosa herniating through the muscular layer.
  • CONCLUSION: Based on this retrospective analysis of 21 cases, it is possible to describe the specific and sensitive imaging findings for diagnosis of simple and complicated forms of diverticulitis of the appendix.
  • [MeSH-major] Appendix. Cecal Diseases / ultrasonography. Diverticulum / ultrasonography

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  • (PMID = 15908870.001).
  • [ISSN] 0221-0363
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal de radiologie
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Radiol
  • [Language] fre
  • [Publication-type] English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] France
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77. Yabunaka K, Katsuda T, Sanada S, Fukutomi T: Sonographic appearance of the normal appendix in adults. J Ultrasound Med; 2007 Jan;26(1):37-43; quiz 45-6

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Sonographic appearance of the normal appendix in adults.
  • OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the sonographic visualization of the normal adult appendix, a large series of sonographic images from consecutive asymptomatic patients was analyzed.
  • METHODS: A total of 788 consecutive adult patients (402 male and 386 female; median age +/- SD, 51.1 +/- 17.2 years; range, 16-91 years) were examined by appendiceal transabdominal sonography with tissue harmonic imaging.
  • The detection rate, outer appendiceal diameter, intraluminal content, and location of the appendix were estimated.
  • The overall normal appendix was separated into appendix-visualized and appendix-not-visualized groups, which were then examined for the relationship with abdominal wall thickness, body mass index (in kilograms per square meter), age, and sex.
  • RESULTS: The normal appendix was detected in 388 (49.2%) of 788 patients.
  • The outer appendiceal diameter +/- SD was 4.27 +/- 1.2 mm (range, 1.0-11.1 mm).
  • The location of the appendix was classified according to the appendiceal tip, which was found to be abdominal in 37 (9.5%), pelvic in 291 (75%), retrocecal in 23 (6.0%), and a midline extension in 37 (9.5%).
  • In both body mass index and abdominal wall thickness, significant differences were found between appendix-visualized and appendix-not-visualized cases (P < .05).
  • There was no significant difference in age (P = .37) or sex (P = .23) between appendix-visualized and appendix-not-visualized cases.
  • CONCLUSIONS: The results show that the normal adult appendix can be revealed by sonographic visualization in a large series of asymptomatic patients.
  • [MeSH-major] Appendix / ultrasonography

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  • (PMID = 17182707.001).
  • [ISSN] 0278-4297
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of ultrasound in medicine : official journal of the American Institute of Ultrasound in Medicine
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Ultrasound Med
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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78. Kim KJ, Moon W, Park MI, Park SJ, Lee SH, Chun BK: Gastrointestinal stromal tumor of appendix incidentally diagnosed by appendiceal hemorrhage. World J Gastroenterol; 2007 Jun 21;13(23):3265-7
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  • [Title] Gastrointestinal stromal tumor of appendix incidentally diagnosed by appendiceal hemorrhage.
  • Gastrointestinal stromal tumor is rare, which arises from the mesenchymal tissues in the gastrointestinal tract, and it is extremely rare in the appendix.
  • Although the annual incidence of lower gastrointestinal bleeding has been increasing, bleeding related to the appendix is quite rare.
  • We herein present a very rare case of gastrointestinal stromal tumor incidentally found by appendiceal hemorrhage.
  • [MeSH-major] Appendiceal Neoplasms / diagnosis. Cecal Diseases / etiology. Gastrointestinal Hemorrhage / etiology. Gastrointestinal Stromal Tumors / diagnosis

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  • (PMID = 17589911.001).
  • [ISSN] 1007-9327
  • [Journal-full-title] World journal of gastroenterology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] World J. Gastroenterol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] China
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC4436618
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79. Van Gompel JJ, Stoddard E, Chen H: Incidental carcinoid tumors of the appendix: do they affect presentation or prognosis? Int Surg; 2007 Nov-Dec;92(6):331-4
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  • [Title] Incidental carcinoid tumors of the appendix: do they affect presentation or prognosis?
  • Carcinoid tumors are the most common neoplasm of the vermiform appendix, with most found incidentally after surgery for appendicitis.
  • Of 1350 patients receiving an appendectomy from 1992 to 2000 for appendicitis, 20 were found to have appendiceal carcinoid tumors.
  • Comparing tumor patients to 251 consecutive patients whom underwent appendectomy without tumors, we found patients with tumors were older at presentation (41 +/- 4 versus 30 +/- 1 years, P = 0.005) and had initial lower white blood cell (WBC) counts (10.8 +/- 0.8 vs. 14.2 +/- 0.3, P = 0.007).
  • [MeSH-major] Appendiceal Neoplasms / diagnosis. Appendicitis / diagnosis. Carcinoid Tumor / diagnosis

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  • (PMID = 18402126.001).
  • [ISSN] 0020-8868
  • [Journal-full-title] International surgery
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Int Surg
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Italy
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80. Bianchi A, Heredia A, Hidalgo LA, García-Cuyàs F, Soler MT, del Bas M, Suñol X: [Diverticular disease of the cecal appendix]. Cir Esp; 2005 Feb;77(2):96-8
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  • [Title] [Diverticular disease of the cecal appendix].
  • INTRODUCTION: Appendiceal diverticula are uncommon, with an incidence of less than 1% in surgical specimens.
  • We report a series of 14 patients with diverticular disease of the cecal appendix.
  • PATIENTS AND METHOD: A total of 547 patients with a clinical diagnosis of acute appendicitis underwent surgery over 4 years.
  • Of these, 11 patients showed acute appendiceal diverticulitis at histological examination, and three patients showed diverticulosis associated with appendicitis.
  • RESULTS: The overall incidence of appendiceal diverticula was 2.6%, and 2% of cases had acute diverticulitis.
  • CONCLUSIONS: The incidence of appendiceal diverticula was much higher in our series than that reported in the literature.

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  • (PMID = 16420895.001).
  • [ISSN] 0009-739X
  • [Journal-full-title] Cirugía española
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Cir Esp
  • [Language] spa
  • [Publication-type] English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Spain
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86. Rahimi K, Gologan A, Haliotis T, Lamoureux E, Chetty R: Gastrointestinal stromal tumor with autonomic nerve differentiation and coexistent mantle cell lymphoma involving the appendix. Int J Clin Exp Pathol; 2009;2(6):608-13

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Gastrointestinal stromal tumor with autonomic nerve differentiation and coexistent mantle cell lymphoma involving the appendix.
  • Gastrointestinal stromal tumor (GIST) and mantle cell lymphoma involving the appendix are rare as individual disease entities.
  • We describe a 65-year old female who presented with extensive ileocecal mantle cell lymphoma, which extended to the appendix.
  • The appendix was involved by mantle cell lymphoma and an incidental coexistent GIST was noted in the appendiceal wall.
  • This is the first description of the association of a GIST with autonomic nerve differentiation coexisting with mantle cell lymphoma in the appendix.

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  • (PMID = 19636397.001).
  • [ISSN] 1936-2625
  • [Journal-full-title] International journal of clinical and experimental pathology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Int J Clin Exp Pathol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC2713454
  • [Keywords] NOTNLM ; Gastrointestinal stromal tumor / appendix / gastrointestinal autonomic nerve tumor / mantle cell lymphoma
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87. Zanati SA, Martin JA, Baker JP, Streutker CJ, Marcon NE: Colonoscopic diagnosis of mucocele of the appendix. Gastrointest Endosc; 2005 Sep;62(3):452-6
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Colonoscopic diagnosis of mucocele of the appendix.
  • BACKGROUND: Appendiceal mucoceles are uncommon cystic neoplasms characterized by distension of the appendiceal lumen with mucus.
  • OBSERVATIONS: Seven patients (6 women) with mucocele of the appendix were identified at colonoscopy.
  • CONCLUSIONS: Appendiceal mucoceles may be recognized at colonoscopy as a smooth bulbous submucosal lesion of the cecum with an impression formed by the appendiceal orifice.
  • Recognition at colonoscopy is important because it enables accurate diagnosis and directs management.
  • [MeSH-major] Cecal Diseases / diagnosis. Colonoscopy / methods. Mucocele / diagnosis
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Aged. Appendectomy / methods. Appendix / pathology. Appendix / surgery. Biopsy, Needle. Female. Follow-Up Studies. Humans. Immunohistochemistry. Incidence. Intestinal Mucosa / pathology. Male. Middle Aged. Retrospective Studies. Risk Assessment. Sensitivity and Specificity. Treatment Outcome

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  • (PMID = 16111974.001).
  • [ISSN] 0016-5107
  • [Journal-full-title] Gastrointestinal endoscopy
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Gastrointest. Endosc.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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88. Peng YS, Lee HC, Yeung CY, Sheu JC, Wang NL, Tsai YH: Clinical criteria for diagnosing perforated appendix in pediatric patients. Pediatr Emerg Care; 2006 Jul;22(7):475-9
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Clinical criteria for diagnosing perforated appendix in pediatric patients.
  • OBJECTIVE: To determine predictive variables associated with a perforated appendix in pediatric patients with acute appendicitis.
  • The outcome variable was perforated appendix, and the predictive variables included demographic and clinical factors.
  • Perforated appendix was found in 100 children (36.5%).
  • Predictive factors significantly associated with perforated appendix were age younger than 9 years, abdominal pain of more than 2 days' duration, temperature of more than 37.9 degrees C, peritoneal signs, and erythrocyte sedimentation rate of more than 25 mm/h.
  • For perforated appendix, the ultrasound had a sensitivity of 35%, specificity of 98%, positive predictive value of 95%, and negative predictive value of 55%.
  • Indications for an abdominal ultrasound were determined from a scoring system using the predictive variables significantly associated with perforated appendix.
  • CONCLUSION: The use of our proposed scoring system to determine the indications to perform an abdominal ultrasound may prove to assist in deciding treatment (medical vs surgical) for children with perforated appendix.
  • [MeSH-major] Appendicitis / diagnosis

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  • (PMID = 16871105.001).
  • [ISSN] 1535-1815
  • [Journal-full-title] Pediatric emergency care
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Pediatr Emerg Care
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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89. Ghidirim G, Gagauz I, Mişin I, Canariov M, Ionesii P, Zastavnitchi G: [Mucinous cystadenocarcinoma of the appendix complicated with spontaneous cutaneous fistula]. Chirurgia (Bucur); 2007 Mar-Apr;102(2):231-5

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] [Mucinous cystadenocarcinoma of the appendix complicated with spontaneous cutaneous fistula].
  • Mucocele of the appendix is a relatively rare disease characterized by a cystic dilatation of the appendiceal lumen with stasis of mucus inside.
  • Appendiceal mucocele with a cutaneous fistula is an extremely rare clinical entity, only four such cases being described in the medical literature.
  • We report an additional case of cystadenocarcinoma of the appendix with spontaneous cutaneous fistula.
  • Abdominal ultrasonography and computed tomography demonstrated cystic mass with mixed echogenity and density originating from the appendix, involving the abdominal wall, without signs of ascites or metastasis.
  • The histological findings revealed moderately differentiated mucinous cystadenocarcinoma of the appendix.
  • [MeSH-major] Appendiceal Neoplasms / complications. Cutaneous Fistula / etiology. Cystadenocarcinoma, Mucinous / complications

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  • (PMID = 17615929.001).
  • [ISSN] 1221-9118
  • [Journal-full-title] Chirurgia (Bucharest, Romania : 1990)
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Chirurgia (Bucur)
  • [Language] rum
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Romania
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90. Roberts JK, Behravesh M, Dmitrewski J: Macroscopic findings at appendicectomy are unreliable: implications for laparoscopy and malignant conditions of the appendix. Int J Surg Pathol; 2008 Oct;16(4):386-90
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Macroscopic findings at appendicectomy are unreliable: implications for laparoscopy and malignant conditions of the appendix.
  • BACKGROUND: At laparoscopic appendicectomy, some surgeons leave a macroscopically normal appendix in situ.
  • There was 100% congruity between surgeons and pathologists when perforation, abscess, or gangrene of the appendix was noted (n = 235).
  • CONCLUSIONS: Surgeons' ability to diagnose a normal appendix is poor as is the ability to detect neoplastic lesions.
  • At laparoscopy, to investigate acute abdominal pain a macroscopically normal appendix should be removed.
  • [MeSH-major] Appendectomy. Appendiceal Neoplasms / diagnosis. Appendicitis / surgery. Appendix / pathology. Laparoscopy

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  • (PMID = 18387986.001).
  • [ISSN] 1066-8969
  • [Journal-full-title] International journal of surgical pathology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Int. J. Surg. Pathol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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91. Kawachiya T, Oshitani N, Jinno Y, Watanabe K, Nakamura S, Fujiwara Y, Higuchi K, Maeda K, Nishiguchi Y, Hirakawa K, Matsumoto T, Arakawa T: Significance of increased proliferation of immature plasma cells in the appendix of patients with ulcerative colitis. Int J Mol Med; 2005 Mar;15(3):417-23
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Significance of increased proliferation of immature plasma cells in the appendix of patients with ulcerative colitis.
  • Recent studies support a primary role of the appendix in the pathogenesis of UC, however phenotypical studies of proliferating cells in the appendix have not been reported.
  • We report phenotypical studies of lymphocytes and of proliferating subpopulations in the appendix of patients with inflammatory bowel disease and of controls.
  • Surgical samples of the appendix were obtained from 5 patients with colon cancer, 5 with acute appendicitis, 12 with UC and 7 with Crohn's disease (CD).
  • The number of Ki-67(+) proliferating cells, CD19, and CD138 cells was significantly higher in the appendix of patients with UC than in controls, patients with acute appendicitis, and patients with CD.
  • Immunohistological double staining revealed significant proliferation of CD3, CD19, and CD138 cells in the appendix of patients with UC.
  • Lamina propria cells in the appendix of patients with UC showed augmented proliferation with increased numbers of CD19 and CD138 cells.
  • An increased proportion of Ki-67(+) cells in CD19 and CD138 cells represents proliferation of immature plasma cells in the appendix of patients with UC, and proliferation of such immature plasma cells was seen in both active- and remission-stage UC.
  • Proliferation of immature plasma cells in the appendix of patients with UC suggests a primary role of humoral immune responses in the pathogenesis of UC.
  • [MeSH-major] Appendix / pathology. Cell Differentiation. Colitis, Ulcerative / pathology. Plasma Cells / cytology

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  • (PMID = 15702231.001).
  • [ISSN] 1107-3756
  • [Journal-full-title] International journal of molecular medicine
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Int. J. Mol. Med.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Greece
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Antigens, CD; 0 / Ki-67 Antigen
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92. Trivedi AN, Levine EA, Mishra G: Adenocarcinoma of the appendix is rarely detected by colonoscopy. J Gastrointest Surg; 2009 Apr;13(4):668-75
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Adenocarcinoma of the appendix is rarely detected by colonoscopy.
  • INTRODUCTION: Appendiceal tumors represent a subset of colonic neoplasms that frequently defy early diagnosis only to present at advanced stage with peritoneal metastasis.
  • The aim of this study is to determine the diagnostic yield of colonoscopy in detecting appendiceal lesions in patients with appendiceal adenocarcinoma and pseudomyxoma peritonei.
  • METHODS: We reviewed clinicopathologic data on 121 consecutive patients with histologically confirmed appendiceal adenocarcinoma with pseudomyxoma peritonei presenting to our institution for intraperitoneal hyperthermic chemotherapy (IPHC) and cytoreductive surgery between February, 1993 and August, 2007, focusing on the colonoscopy findings.
  • Abnormal findings included seven patients with appendiceal lesions (11%), 12 patients with cecal abnormalities (19%), and 28 patients with polyps (44%).
  • CONCLUSIONS: Appendiceal abnormalities are infrequently seen on colonoscopy and rarely yield a diagnostic biopsy in patients with appendiceal carcinoma.
  • We found that nearly 42% of patients with carcinoma of the appendix have synchronous colonic polyps, a much higher prevalence than would be expected, supporting a role for a perioperative colonoscopy.
  • [MeSH-major] Adenocarcinoma / diagnosis. Appendiceal Neoplasms / diagnosis. Colonoscopy. Peritoneal Neoplasms / diagnosis. Pseudomyxoma Peritonei / diagnosis

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  • (PMID = 19089515.001).
  • [ISSN] 1873-4626
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of gastrointestinal surgery : official journal of the Society for Surgery of the Alimentary Tract
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Gastrointest. Surg.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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93. Randal Bollinger R, Barbas AS, Bush EL, Lin SS, Parker W: Biofilms in the large bowel suggest an apparent function of the human vermiform appendix. J Theor Biol; 2007 Dec 21;249(4):826-31
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  • [Title] Biofilms in the large bowel suggest an apparent function of the human vermiform appendix.
  • The human vermiform ("worm-like") appendix is a 5-10cm long and 0.5-1cm wide pouch that extends from the cecum of the large bowel.
  • The architecture of the human appendix is unique among mammals, and few mammals other than humans have an appendix at all.
  • The function of the human appendix has long been a matter of debate, with the structure often considered to be a vestige of evolutionary development despite evidence to the contrary based on comparative primate anatomy.
  • The appendix is thought to have some immune function based on its association with substantial lymphatic tissue, although the specific nature of that putative function is unknown.
  • Based (a) on a recently acquired understanding of immune-mediated biofilm formation by commensal bacteria in the mammalian gut, (b) on biofilm distribution in the large bowel, (c) the association of lymphoid tissue with the appendix, (d) the potential for biofilms to protect and support colonization by commensal bacteria, and (e) on the architecture of the human bowel, we propose that the human appendix is well suited as a "safe house" for commensal bacteria, providing support for bacterial growth and potentially facilitating re-inoculation of the colon in the event that the contents of the intestinal tract are purged following exposure to a pathogen.
  • [MeSH-major] Appendix / microbiology. Bacteria / isolation & purification. Biofilms / growth & development

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  • (PMID = 17936308.001).
  • [ISSN] 0022-5193
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of theoretical biology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Theor. Biol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] Netherlands
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Immunoglobulin A
  • [Number-of-references] 38
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94. Kantarci F, Ozer H, Adaletli I, Mihmanli I: Cystic appendix epididymis: a sonomorphologic study. Surg Radiol Anat; 2005 Dec;27(6):557-61

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Cystic appendix epididymis: a sonomorphologic study.
  • We aimed to describe the morphologic characteristics of the appendix epididymis that appears cystic on ultrasound (US) examinations.
  • Cystic appendix epididymis on US examinations was classified according to the presence of the stalk and size of the cyst.
  • Of them, 241 were appendix testis (44.3%) and 96 (17.6%) were appendix epididymis.
  • Of the appendix epididymises, 35 were cystic in nature (36.4%).
  • The most common morphology in our study was the stalked appendix epididymis with nonseptated unilocular cysts (31.4%).
  • In conclusion, cystic appearance of the appendix epididymis on sonographic examinations is frequent and it should not be mistaken with a torsed testicular appendage.

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  • (PMID = 16195812.001).
  • [ISSN] 0930-1038
  • [Journal-full-title] Surgical and radiologic anatomy : SRA
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Surg Radiol Anat
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Germany
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95. Gillick J, Mohanan N, Das L, Puri P: Laparoscopic appendectomy after conservative management of appendix mass. Pediatr Surg Int; 2008 Mar;24(3):299-301

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Laparoscopic appendectomy after conservative management of appendix mass.
  • The purpose of this study was to demonstrate the safety and efficacy of laparoscopic appendicectomy following non-operative management of appendix mass in children.
  • Medical records of 103 consecutive patients (61 males, 42 females) who underwent non-operative treatment of appendix mass followed by laparoscopic elective appendicectomy were examined.
  • Ten (9.7%) did not respond to initial treatment and developed appendix abscess requiring drainage.
  • Histological examination revealed fibrosed or resolving appendicitis in 52, acute or subacute appendicitis in 24, carcinoid tumour in two and normal appendix in 19.
  • Laparoscopic elective appendicectomy is a safe and effective method of treatment following conservative treatment of appendix mass.
  • Not only does it make the dissection and resection of the appendix easier but it also has the added advantage of performing adhesiolysis.
  • [MeSH-major] Appendectomy / methods. Appendix / surgery. Laparoscopy

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  • (PMID = 18197408.001).
  • [ISSN] 0179-0358
  • [Journal-full-title] Pediatric surgery international
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Pediatr. Surg. Int.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Germany
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96. Park NH, Park CS, Lee EJ, Kim MS, Ryu JA, Bae JM, Song JS: Ultrasonographic findings identifying the faecal-impacted appendix: differential findings with acute appendicitis. Br J Radiol; 2007 Nov;80(959):872-7
MedlinePlus Health Information. consumer health - Appendicitis.

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Ultrasonographic findings identifying the faecal-impacted appendix: differential findings with acute appendicitis.
  • The aim of this study was to identify ultrasonographic findings that show the normal faecal-impacted appendix, in order to avoid unnecessary surgery via a misdiagnosis of acute appendicitis.
  • Of 160 patients who underwent ultrasonography between January 2004 and July 2005 for right lower quadrant pain, 22 cases (including 7 cases confirmed pathologically and 15 confirmed clinically and on follow-up ultrasonography) were diagnosed as a normal faecal-impacted appendix.
  • The criteria that we used to distinguish a faecal-impacted appendix from acute appendicitis include preservation of the normal wall layering of the appendix, maximum mural thickness, presence of peri-appendiceal fat infiltration and increased blood flow in the appendiceal wall.
  • The maximum measured outer diameter of a normal faecal-impacted appendix was 0.54-1.03 cm, with a mean diameter of 0.68 cm.
  • The normal wall layers of the appendix were preserved and no evidence was seen of peri-appendiceal fat infiltration in any case.
  • No demonstrably increased blood flow in the appendiceal wall was observed.
  • In conclusion, faecal impaction increases the outer transverse diameter of the normal appendix, frequently leading to a misdiagnosis of acute appendicitis.
  • Recognition of preservation of the normal layering of the appendiceal wall, smaller maximal outer diameter, thinner maximal mural thickness, the absence of peri-appendiceal mesenteric infiltration and no demonstrably increased blood flow in the appendiceal wall should help to prevent unnecessary surgery.
  • [MeSH-minor] Acute Disease. Adolescent. Child. Child, Preschool. Diagnosis, Differential. Female. Humans. Male. Prospective Studies

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  • (PMID = 17875592.001).
  • [ISSN] 1748-880X
  • [Journal-full-title] The British journal of radiology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Br J Radiol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] England
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97. Kibil W, Jedrys J, Matyja A, Legutko J, Kulig J: [Appendix incarcerated in femoral hernia--case report]. Folia Med Cracov; 2008;49(1-2):45-8
MedlinePlus Health Information. consumer health - Appendicitis.

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] [Appendix incarcerated in femoral hernia--case report].
  • We describe a rare case of incercerated femoral hernia containing appendix.
  • During diagnosis and differentiation of femoral hernia possible cimplications such as incarceration of urinary bladder or intestin must be considered.

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  • (PMID = 19140490.001).
  • [ISSN] 0015-5616
  • [Journal-full-title] Folia medica Cracoviensia
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Folia Med Cracov
  • [Language] pol
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Poland
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98. Appendix: Health professionals' participation in interrogations that violate national as well as international laws, a dialogue with the American Psychological Association. Torture; 2008;18(3):183-92

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Appendix: Health professionals' participation in interrogations that violate national as well as international laws, a dialogue with the American Psychological Association.
  • This appendix supplements the articles given above regarding health professionals' participation in interrogations that violate national as well as international laws.

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  • (PMID = 19491479.001).
  • [ISSN] 1997-3322
  • [Journal-full-title] Torture : quarterly journal on rehabilitation of torture victims and prevention of torture
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Torture
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Denmark
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99. Bestman TJ, van Cleemput M, Detournay G: Torsion of the vermiform appendix: a case report. Acta Chir Belg; 2006 Mar-Apr;106(2):228-9

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Torsion of the vermiform appendix: a case report.
  • This case report describes a rare condition, namely a torsion of the vermiform appendix.
  • [MeSH-major] Appendix. Cecal Diseases
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Appendectomy. Appendicitis / diagnosis. Female. Humans. Torsion Abnormality

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  • (PMID = 16761485.001).
  • [ISSN] 0001-5458
  • [Journal-full-title] Acta chirurgica Belgica
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Acta Chir. Belg.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Belgium
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100. Keyzer C, Pargov S, Tack D, Créteur V, Bohy P, De Maertelaer V, Gevenois PA: Normal appendix in adults: reproducibility of detection with unenhanced and contrast-enhanced MDCT. AJR Am J Roentgenol; 2008 Aug;191(2):507-14
MedlinePlus Health Information. consumer health - CT Scans.

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Normal appendix in adults: reproducibility of detection with unenhanced and contrast-enhanced MDCT.
  • OBJECTIVE: The purposes of this study were to investigate whether readers' interpretations are reproducible and whether readers are confident in identifying a normal appendix with CT and to assess the influence of patient characteristics and IV contrast enhancement on visualization of the appendix.
  • They were asked to identify the appendix, to score their confidence in identification, and to mark the appendix on the images.
  • Intrareader and interreader agreement in categorizing confidence in identification of the appendix ranged from fair to good (kappa = 0.221-0.620).
  • CONCLUSION: Reproducibility in identifying a normal appendix is reader dependent.
  • Perfect intrareader and interreader agreement in marking the appendix occurs approximately 70% of the time and increases with patient body mass index and intraabdominal fat volume.
  • Contrast enhancement does not influence the rate of identification of the appendix or reader confidence but may influence the reproducibility of findings.
  • [MeSH-major] Appendix / radiography. Clinical Competence. Tomography, X-Ray Computed / methods

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  • (PMID = 18647924.001).
  • [ISSN] 1546-3141
  • [Journal-full-title] AJR. American journal of roentgenology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] AJR Am J Roentgenol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Contrast Media; 182ECH14UH / iobitridol; 4419T9MX03 / Iohexol
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