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1. Rong BG, Chen WL, Ding YP, Xie G, Chen Y, Wang TD: [Surgical approaches to the skull base neoplasms]. Zhonghua Er Bi Yan Hou Tou Jing Wai Ke Za Zhi; 2005 Apr;40(4):291-4
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  • Eleven surgical approaches including midfacial degloving, frontal coronal discission, nasal eversion, maxillary swing, partial maxillary resection, total resection of orbit, mandibular swing, combination of front, temple, preauricular, post aureum, neck, and transoral approaches were used to resect the tumor which involved fossae pterygopalatine, paranasal sinuses, nasopharynx, antero, meso and posterobasilar region, lobi frontalis and lobi temporalis of cerebrum.
  • In 29 patients with benign tumor including 11 cases of meningioma, 3 cases of chondroma, 1 case of hemangio-meningioma, 1 case of cavernous hemangioma, 2 cases of osteodysplasia fibromas, 9 cases of neurofibroma, 1 case of glomus jugular tumor, 1 case of neurilemmoma, 19 have survived over 5 years and the longest one has survived over 8 years.
  • For 50 patients with malignant tumor including 3 cases of well-differentiated squamous cell carcinoma, 17 cases of moderately differentiated squamous cell carcinoma, 11 cases of poorly differentiated squamous cell carcinoma, 1 case of undifferentiated carcinoma, 2 cases of chondrosarcoma, 5 cases of canceration of papilloma, 2 cases of adenocarcinoma, 1 case of esthesioneuroblastoma, 2 cases of malignant fibrohistiocytoma, 1 case of fibrosarcoma, 2 cases of malignant mixed tumour, 3 cases of sarcoma survival rates of 3 and 5 years were 59.2% (29/49), 38.5% (10/26) respectively.
  • CONCLUSION: In order to resect the tumor completely and reduce the complication and malformation as far as possible, different surgical approaches must be designed according to the pathological changes characters and involved area,and the surgeon should select the shortest approach, avoid to damage the important neurovascular structure, and resect the tumor through the natural anatomy space by the shelter incision.

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  • (PMID = 16008265.001).
  • [ISSN] 1673-0860
  • [Journal-full-title] Zhonghua er bi yan hou tou jing wai ke za zhi = Chinese journal of otorhinolaryngology head and neck surgery
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Zhonghua Er Bi Yan Hou Tou Jing Wai Ke Za Zhi
  • [Language] chi
  • [Publication-type] English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] China
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2. Li-Korotky HS, Lo CY, Banks JM: Interaction of pneumococcal phase variation, host and pressure/gas composition: virulence expression of NanA, HylA, PspA and CbpA in simulated otitis media. Microb Pathog; 2010 Oct;49(4):204-10
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  • Transparent (T) phase variants are more efficient in colonizing the nasopharynx while the opaque (O) phase variants exhibit greater virulence during systemic infections.

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  • [Copyright] Copyright 2010 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
  • (PMID = 20576489.001).
  • [ISSN] 1096-1208
  • [Journal-full-title] Microbial pathogenesis
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Microb. Pathog.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Grant] United States / NIDCD NIH HHS / DC / DC007511
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Bacterial Proteins; 0 / CbpA protein, bacteria; 0 / Culture Media, Conditioned; 0 / Gases; 0 / Virulence Factors; 0 / pneumococcal surface protein A
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3. Alegret A, Cebulla CM, Dubovy SR, Mutapcic L, Hess DJ, Murray TG: Pediatric nasopharyngeal carcinoma with retinal metastasis. Retin Cases Brief Rep; 2009;3(1):8-11
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  • [Title] Pediatric nasopharyngeal carcinoma with retinal metastasis.
  • PURPOSE: To report an unusual case of nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC) metastatic to the lungs and retina.
  • Pathologic analysis of lung biopsy and nasopharynx biopsy specimens revealed undifferentiated NPC.
  • CONCLUSIONS: Retinal metastases need to be considered in the differential diagnosis of patients presenting with NPC and vision changes.

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  • (PMID = 25390826.001).
  • [ISSN] 1935-1089
  • [Journal-full-title] Retinal cases & brief reports
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Retin Cases Brief Rep
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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4. Willey CD, Ely K, Garrett G, Cmelak AJ: Refractory lympho-epithelial carcinoma of the nasopharynx: a case report illustrating a protracted clinical course. Head Neck Oncol; 2009 Jun 15;1:18
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  • [Title] Refractory lympho-epithelial carcinoma of the nasopharynx: a case report illustrating a protracted clinical course.
  • Nasopharyngeal carcinoma is an uncommon cancer in North America.
  • Its clinical course is typified by locally advanced disease at diagnosis and has a high propensity for both regional and distant spread.
  • This report describes our 10-year clinical and radiological findings in a 48-year-old Vietnamese male patient with locally-advanced T4N1M0 lympho-epithelial carcinoma of the nasopharynx.
  • Despite a long remission period after his initial course of aggressive chemoradiation, his tumor recurred locally after 4 years.
  • He was ultimately provided with over 30 months of progression-free tumor control with the epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR)-inhibitor cetuximab.
  • [MeSH-major] Carcinoma / therapy. Nasopharyngeal Neoplasms / therapy

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  • (PMID = 19527509.001).
  • [ISSN] 1758-3284
  • [Journal-full-title] Head & neck oncology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Head Neck Oncol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC2704192
  • [General-notes] NLM/ Original DateCompleted: 20100629
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5. Sawali H, Sabir Husin Athar PP, Ami M, Shamsudin NH, Nair G: Acute Tonsillitis With Concurrent Kikuchi's Disease as a Cause of Persistent Lymphadenopathy. Malays J Med Sci; 2009 Oct;16(4):73-6
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  • Rigid and flexible scope examinations did not reveal any abnormalities in the nasopharynx, oropharynx or hypopharynx.

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  • (PMID = 22135516.001).
  • [ISSN] 1394-195X
  • [Journal-full-title] The Malaysian journal of medical sciences : MJMS
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Malays J Med Sci
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Malaysia
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC3216133
  • [Keywords] NOTNLM ; Kikuchi disease / Kikuchi-Fujimoto disease / histiocytic necrotizing lymphadenitis / medical sciences
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6. Paulman A, Lichtensteiger CA, Kohrt LJ: Outbreak of herpesviral conjunctivitis and respiratory disease in gouldian finches. Vet Pathol; 2006 Nov;43(6):963-70
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  • Birds submitted for necropsy displayed microscopic lesions characteristic of herpesviral infection, including epithelial cytomegaly and karyomegaly with basophilic, intranuclear inclusion bodies in the nasopharynx, sinuses, trachea, parabronchi, conjunctiva, and occasionally the lacrimal gland or proximal proventricular glands.

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  • (PMID = 17099153.001).
  • [ISSN] 0300-9858
  • [Journal-full-title] Veterinary pathology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Vet. Pathol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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7. Segers P, Speekenbrink RG, Ubbink DT, van Ogtrop ML, de Mol BA: Prevention of nosocomial infection in cardiac surgery by decontamination of the nasopharynx and oropharynx with chlorhexidine gluconate: a randomized controlled trial. JAMA; 2006 Nov 22;296(20):2460-6
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Prevention of nosocomial infection in cardiac surgery by decontamination of the nasopharynx and oropharynx with chlorhexidine gluconate: a randomized controlled trial.
  • OBJECTIVE: To determine the efficacy of perioperative decontamination of the nasopharynx and oropharynx with 0.12% chlorhexidine gluconate for reduction of nosocomial infection after cardiac surgery.
  • CONCLUSION: Decontamination of the nasopharynx and oropharynx with chlorhexidine gluconate appears to be an effective method to reduce nosocomial infection after cardiac surgery.


8. Käyhty H, Auranen K, Nohynek H, Dagan R, Mäkelä H: Nasopharyngeal colonization: a target for pneumococcal vaccination. Expert Rev Vaccines; 2006 Oct;5(5):651-67
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Nasopharyngeal colonization: a target for pneumococcal vaccination.
  • The pneumococcal conjugate vaccine (PCV), licensed in 2000, is highly efficient in preventing serious disease caused by serotypes in the vaccine and also prevents symptomless colonization of the nasopharynx.
  • [MeSH-major] Immunization Programs. Nasopharynx / microbiology. Pneumococcal Infections / prevention & control. Pneumococcal Vaccines / immunology. Streptococcus pneumoniae / growth & development

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  • (PMID = 17181439.001).
  • [ISSN] 1744-8395
  • [Journal-full-title] Expert review of vaccines
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Expert Rev Vaccines
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't; Review
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / 23-valent pneumococcal capsular polysaccharide vaccine; 0 / Heptavalent Pneumococcal Conjugate Vaccine; 0 / Meningococcal Vaccines; 0 / Pneumococcal Vaccines
  • [Number-of-references] 119
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9. Kruk-Zagajewska A, Milecki P, Wierzbicka M: [Advances in the diagnosis of unknown primary carcinoma of the neck]. Otolaryngol Pol; 2005;59(1):77-83
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  • [Title] [Advances in the diagnosis of unknown primary carcinoma of the neck].
  • The diagnosis of carcinoma of unknown primary is set, when histologically the neck metastases are confirmed but the primary focus is not possible to be found or occurs during the follow-up.
  • The knowledge of carcinoma cells spreading paths between particular neck regions is crucial for effective diagnostics of tumor localization in upper aerodigestive tract.
  • In 17 patients the primary localisation was revealed during the follow-up period in: nasopharynx, palatine tonsil, hypopharynx, testis and breast.
  • In cases when primary tumor was found, the radical surgery or radiotherapy was additionally applied.
  • [MeSH-major] Carcinoma / diagnosis. Head and Neck Neoplasms / diagnosis. Neoplasms, Unknown Primary / diagnosis

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  • (PMID = 15915923.001).
  • [ISSN] 0030-6657
  • [Journal-full-title] Otolaryngologia polska = The Polish otolaryngology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Otolaryngol Pol
  • [Language] pol
  • [Publication-type] English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Poland
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10. Chapman-Fredricks J, Jorda M, Gomez-Fernandez C: A limited immunohistochemical panel helps differentiate small cell epithelial malignancies of the sinonasal cavity and nasopharynx. Appl Immunohistochem Mol Morphol; 2009 May;17(3):207-10
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] A limited immunohistochemical panel helps differentiate small cell epithelial malignancies of the sinonasal cavity and nasopharynx.
  • BACKGROUND: Distinguishing small cell epithelial malignancies of the sinonasal cavity and nasopharynx is difficult due to overlapping morphologic characteristics, particularly in small biopsies.
  • DESIGN: We reviewed 37 cases of histologically similar small cell epithelial malignancies of the sinonasal cavity and nasopharynx: nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC) (16), basaloid squamous cell carcinoma (BSCC) (15), and high-grade neuroendocrine carcinoma (HGNEC) (6) obtained at Jackson Memorial Hospital/UM Sylvester Comprehensive Cancer Center between 2003 and 2007.
  • CONCLUSIONS: A limited immunohistochemical panel of CK, CK5/6, p63, and HLA-DR is useful in discriminating nasopharyngeal, basaloid squamous cell, and high-grade neuroendocrine carcinomas of the sinonasal cavity and nasopharynx.

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  • (PMID = 19077909.001).
  • [ISSN] 1533-4058
  • [Journal-full-title] Applied immunohistochemistry & molecular morphology : AIMM
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Appl. Immunohistochem. Mol. Morphol.
  • [Language] ENG
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Biomarkers, Tumor; 0 / CKAP4 protein, human; 0 / HLA-DR Antigens; 0 / Keratin-5; 0 / Keratin-6; 0 / Membrane Proteins
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11. Khan MH, Haque S, Yagi K, Takinami S, Khan SH, Ohmori K, Nishioka T: Pattern of local relapse of maxillary sinus carcinoma. Mymensingh Med J; 2006 Jul;15(2):188-91
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • Tumor extension was categorized into the following anatomical sites: orbital contents, other paranasal sinuses, posterior wall of the maxillary sinus, pterygoid plate/muscle, nasopharynx, infra-temporal fossa, base of the skull, anterior wall of the maxillary sinus, subcutaneous tissue, cheek mucosa, hard palate and alveolar bone.
  • Extensions to nasopharynx (6/9, 66%) and base of skull (4/6, 66%) also showed higher rates of recurrence; however, those were not statistically significant.
  • More than 80% of the relapse became manifest within 12 months of diagnosis and isolated local failure was the most common pattern.
  • This analysis indicates that tumor extension to pterygoid plate/muscles, results in higher rates of recurrences.
  • This may due to the difficult surgical accessibility of the tumor.
  • During radiotherapy planning, special emphasis should be given to this sites of tumor extension to avoid possible local recurrence.

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  • (PMID = 16878103.001).
  • [ISSN] 1022-4742
  • [Journal-full-title] Mymensingh medical journal : MMJ
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Mymensingh Med J
  • [Language] ENG
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Bangladesh
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12. Smith SE, Toor A, Rodriguez T, Stiff P: The administration of polymerized human hemoglobin (Pyridoxylated) to a Jehovah's Witness after submyeloablative stem cell transplantation complicated by delayed graft failure. Compr Ther; 2006;32(3):172-5
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • A 55-yr-old woman with a history of B-cell lymphoma of the nasopharynx diagnosed in March 1999 eventually underwent submyeloablative allogeneic stem cell transplantation from a sibling donor in December 2002 after conventional treatment options were exhausted.

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  • (PMID = 17435270.001).
  • [ISSN] 0098-8243
  • [Journal-full-title] Comprehensive therapy
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Compr Ther
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Blood Substitutes; 0 / Hemoglobins; 0 / PolyHeme
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13. Gern JE, Mosser AG, Swenson CA, Rennie PJ, England RJ, Shaffer J, Mizoguchi H: Inhibition of rhinovirus replication in vitro and in vivo by acid-buffered saline. J Infect Dis; 2007 Apr 15;195(8):1137-43
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  • Preliminary experiments verified that the surface pH of the human nasopharynx could be transiently lowered to pH approximately 4.0 by topical administration of citrate/phosphate (CP) buffers, which was well tolerated.
  • [MeSH-minor] Administration, Intranasal. Adolescent. Adult. Bronchi / cytology. Buffers. Citric Acid / administration & dosage. Citric Acid / pharmacology. Cross-Over Studies. Female. HeLa Cells. Humans. Hydrogen-Ion Concentration. Male. Middle Aged. Nasopharynx / chemistry. Nasopharynx / virology. Nose / chemistry. Nose / drug effects. Nose / virology. Phosphates / administration & dosage. Phosphates / pharmacology. Pilot Projects. Respiratory Mucosa / cytology. Time Factors

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  • (PMID = 17357049.001).
  • [ISSN] 0022-1899
  • [Journal-full-title] The Journal of infectious diseases
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Infect. Dis.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Clinical Trial; Journal Article; Randomized Controlled Trial; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Buffers; 0 / Phosphates; 2968PHW8QP / Citric Acid; 451W47IQ8X / Sodium Chloride
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14. Hatoum GF, Patton B, Takita C, Abdel-Wahab M, LaFave K, Weed D, Reis IM: Small cell carcinoma of the head and neck: the university of Miami experience. Int J Radiat Oncol Biol Phys; 2009 Jun 1;74(2):477-81
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  • The median survival time was 30 months in the tonsil/parotid group compared with 15.2 months in the other group (patients with small cell carcinoma of the sinonasal cavity, nasopharynx, and larynx).
  • [MeSH-minor] Aged. Aged, 80 and over. Combined Modality Therapy / methods. Disease-Free Survival. Female. Florida. Humans. Laryngeal Neoplasms / drug therapy. Laryngeal Neoplasms / mortality. Laryngeal Neoplasms / radiotherapy. Male. Middle Aged. Nasopharyngeal Neoplasms / drug therapy. Nasopharyngeal Neoplasms / mortality. Nasopharyngeal Neoplasms / radiotherapy. Nose Neoplasms / drug therapy. Nose Neoplasms / mortality. Nose Neoplasms / radiotherapy. Parotid Neoplasms / drug therapy. Parotid Neoplasms / mortality. Parotid Neoplasms / radiotherapy. Retrospective Studies. Tonsillar Neoplasms / drug therapy. Tonsillar Neoplasms / mortality. Tonsillar Neoplasms / radiotherapy. Universities

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  • (PMID = 19004574.001).
  • [ISSN] 1879-355X
  • [Journal-full-title] International journal of radiation oncology, biology, physics
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Int. J. Radiat. Oncol. Biol. Phys.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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15. Choudhury M, Kahkashan E, Choudhury SR: Neonatal gastrointestinal mucormycosis--a case report. Trop Gastroenterol; 2007 Apr-Jun;28(2):81-2
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  • This fungus can affect central nervous system, nasopharynx, lungs, skin and gastrointestinal tract.
  • The diagnosis depends mainly on histopathological examination and demonstration of the fungus in the tissue sections, therefore a high index of suspicion and early exploration is required.
  • Histopathlogical examination of the perforation edge sections showed characteristic fungal hyphae confirming the diagnosis of gastrointestinal mucormycosis.

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  • (PMID = 18050848.001).
  • [ISSN] 0250-636X
  • [Journal-full-title] Tropical gastroenterology : official journal of the Digestive Diseases Foundation
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Trop Gastroenterol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] India
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16. Nguyen RP, Salzman KL, Stambuk HE, Ahuja AT, Harnsberger HR: Extraosseous chordoma of the nasopharynx. AJNR Am J Neuroradiol; 2009 Apr;30(4):803-7
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  • [Title] Extraosseous chordoma of the nasopharynx.
  • BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Chordoma is a relatively rare tumor of the skull base and sacrum thought to originate from embryonic remnants of the notochord.
  • When chordomas occur in an extraosseous location, they may mimic other lesions of the nasopharynx.
  • We present 5 cases of primarily extraosseous chordoma involving the nasopharynx in an effort to improve the preoperative diagnosis of this rare tumor.
  • In addition, we review regional notochordal embryology to explain this variant tumor location.
  • MATERIALS AND METHODS: We reviewed the clinical and imaging data of 5 pathologically proved cases of extraosseous chordoma of the nasopharynx seen or reviewed at our institution during the last decade.
  • RESULTS: The primary clinical complaint in the 5 patients with extraosseous nasopharyngeal chordoma was nasal obstruction.
  • The extraosseous chordomas were centered in the nasopharynx.
  • CONCLUSIONS: Extraosseous nasopharyngeal chordoma is a rare but important lesion to be considered in the differential diagnosis of nasopharyngeal masses.
  • When a midline nasopharyngeal mass is found with an associated clival sinus tract, extraosseous chordoma moves to the top of the differential diagnosis list.
  • Complete removal of the soft-tissue tumor and the clival sinus tract is the treatment of choice in such cases.
  • [MeSH-major] Chordoma / radiography. Nasopharyngeal Neoplasms / radiography. Tomography, X-Ray Computed
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Aged. Child. Diagnosis, Differential. Female. Humans. Magnetic Resonance Imaging. Male. Middle Aged. Retrospective Studies

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  • (PMID = 19193749.001).
  • [ISSN] 1936-959X
  • [Journal-full-title] AJNR. American journal of neuroradiology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] AJNR Am J Neuroradiol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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17. Inagawa H, Ishizawa K, Mitsuhashi T, Shimizu M, Adachi J, Nishikawa R, Matsutani M, Hirose T: Giant invasive pituitary adenoma extending into the sphenoid sinus and nasopharynx: report of a case with intraoperative cytologic diagnosis. Acta Cytol; 2005 Jul-Aug;49(4):452-6
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  • [Title] Giant invasive pituitary adenoma extending into the sphenoid sinus and nasopharynx: report of a case with intraoperative cytologic diagnosis.
  • CASE: A large mass extending from the sella turcica to the sphenoid sinus and nasopharynx was identified in a 42-year-old male.
  • Tumor fragments were easily squeezed into a thin layer of cells for cytologic specimens.
  • Uniform, round tumor cells were arranged in minimally cohesive cell sheets and possessed regular, ovoid nuclei with a fine chromatin pattern and granular cytoplasm with prominent Golgi areas.
  • The cytologic features indicated a probable diagnosis of pituitary adenoma and excluded other possibilities.
  • Immunohistochemical demonstration of prolactin and ultrastructural features established the final diagnosis of prolactinoma.
  • With the administration of bromocriptine, a large reduction in tumor size occurred.
  • As compared to frozen sections, cytologic preparations are more effective for the intraoperative diagnosis of pituitary adenomas.
  • Such neoplasms should always be included in the differential diagnosis of tumors involving the skull base.
  • [MeSH-major] Nasopharynx / pathology. Pituitary Neoplasms / diagnosis. Prolactinoma / diagnosis. Sphenoid Sinus / pathology
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Bromocriptine / therapeutic use. Diagnosis, Differential. Hormone Antagonists / therapeutic use. Humans. Magnetic Resonance Imaging. Male. Microscopy, Electron, Transmission. Neoplasm Invasiveness. Pituitary Gland / pathology

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  • (PMID = 16124180.001).
  • [ISSN] 0001-5547
  • [Journal-full-title] Acta cytologica
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Acta Cytol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Hormone Antagonists; 3A64E3G5ZO / Bromocriptine
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18. Kholodok GN, Morozova NV, Alekseeva IN, Stukun EA, Krakovskaia AV, Morozova OI, Kozlov VK: [Rate of identification and characteristic of Streptococcus pneumoniae isolated from carriers and ill children in Khabarovsk region]. Zh Mikrobiol Epidemiol Immunobiol; 2010 Jul-Aug;(4):92-6
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  • AIM: To assess the role of nasopharyngeal and clinical strains of Streptococcus pneumoniae in respiratory disease of children.
  • RESULTS: Level of nasopharyngeal carriage of pneumococci is increased in children with recurrent respiratory illnesses as well as in children closed communities of children.
  • Strains isolated from nasopharynx were typical on morphological and tinctorial characteristics and have increased level of resistance to macrolides and decreased level of resistance to penicillin compared to clinical strains of which 15-20% were optochin-resistant.

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  • (PMID = 20795391.001).
  • [ISSN] 0372-9311
  • [Journal-full-title] Zhurnal mikrobiologii, epidemiologii, i immunobiologii
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Zh. Mikrobiol. Epidemiol. Immunobiol.
  • [Language] rus
  • [Publication-type] English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Russia (Federation)
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19. Exley RM, Sim R, Goodwin L, Winterbotham M, Schneider MC, Read RC, Tang CM: Identification of meningococcal genes necessary for colonization of human upper airway tissue. Infect Immun; 2009 Jan;77(1):45-51
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  • Neisseria meningitidis is an exclusively human pathogen that has evolved primarily to colonize the nasopharynx rather than to cause systemic disease.
  • We analyzed 576 N. meningitidis mutants for their capacity to colonize human nasopharyngeal tissue in an organ culture model to identify bacterial genes required for colonization.
  • Two mutants were unable to express Tfp and were defective for adhesion to epithelial cells, which is likely to be the basis of their attenuation in nasopharyngeal tissue.
  • [MeSH-major] Adhesins, Bacterial / physiology. Bacterial Proteins / physiology. Fimbriae, Bacterial / physiology. Nasopharynx / microbiology. Neisseria meningitidis / pathogenicity. Virulence Factors / physiology

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  • (PMID = 18936183.001).
  • [ISSN] 1098-5522
  • [Journal-full-title] Infection and immunity
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Infect. Immun.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Grant] United Kingdom / Medical Research Council / / G0601195
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Adhesins, Bacterial; 0 / Bacterial Proteins; 0 / Virulence Factors
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC2612245
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20. Zhou M, Jiang M, Cheng Y, Li Z, Huang W, Xue F, Wang Q: [Diagnosis of obstructive level in pharynx with obstructive sleep apnea hypopnea syndrome with multiple detector-row spiral CT]. Lin Chung Er Bi Yan Hou Tou Jing Wai Ke Za Zhi; 2008 Jul;22(13):600-2
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  • [Title] [Diagnosis of obstructive level in pharynx with obstructive sleep apnea hypopnea syndrome with multiple detector-row spiral CT].
  • The CT imagings from the nasopharyngeal floor to the glottis obtained.
  • The relevant dimensions of area, diameter, thickness of retropharyngeal tissue were measured in some regions in imagings including nasopharynx, oral pharynx and hypopharynx, as well as the narrowest region in pharynx. RESULT:.
  • The narrowest regions were located in nasopharynx in the imagings of 3 patients.
  • CONCLUSION: The imagings of MSCT may provide accurate diagnosis in OSAHS.

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  • (PMID = 18839879.001).
  • [ISSN] 1001-1781
  • [Journal-full-title] Lin chuang er bi yan hou tou jing wai ke za zhi = Journal of clinical otorhinolaryngology, head, and neck surgery
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Lin Chung Er Bi Yan Hou Tou Jing Wai Ke Za Zhi
  • [Language] chi
  • [Publication-type] English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] China
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21. Bas DF, Akpinar E, Oguz KK, Topcuoglu MA: Pneumocephalus in nasopharynx carcinoma. Intern Med; 2008;47(2):125-6
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  • [Title] Pneumocephalus in nasopharynx carcinoma.
  • [MeSH-major] Carcinoma / complications. Nasopharyngeal Neoplasms / complications. Neoplasm Recurrence, Local / complications. Osteoradionecrosis / radiography. Pneumocephalus / radiography

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  • (PMID = 18195505.001).
  • [ISSN] 1349-7235
  • [Journal-full-title] Internal medicine (Tokyo, Japan)
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Intern. Med.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Japan
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22. Yang Y, Zhou H, Yang Y, Li W, Zhou M, Zeng Z, Xiong W, Wu M, Huang H, Zhou Y, Peng C, Huang C, Li X, Li G: Lipopolysaccharide (LPS) regulates TLR4 signal transduction in nasopharynx epithelial cell line 5-8F via NFkappaB and MAPKs signaling pathways. Mol Immunol; 2007 Feb;44(5):984-92
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  • [Title] Lipopolysaccharide (LPS) regulates TLR4 signal transduction in nasopharynx epithelial cell line 5-8F via NFkappaB and MAPKs signaling pathways.
  • The purpose of the present study was to test the hypothesis that the nasopharynx epithelial cells (NECs) could recognize and respond to LPS.
  • [MeSH-minor] Animals. Antigens, CD14 / genetics. Antigens, CD14 / metabolism. COS Cells. Cercopithecus aethiops. Humans. Lymphocyte Antigen 96 / genetics. Lymphocyte Antigen 96 / metabolism. Nasopharynx. RNA, Messenger / metabolism. Signal Transduction. Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha / metabolism

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  • (PMID = 16675017.001).
  • [ISSN] 0161-5890
  • [Journal-full-title] Molecular immunology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Mol. Immunol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Antigens, CD14; 0 / LY96 protein, human; 0 / Lipopolysaccharides; 0 / Lymphocyte Antigen 96; 0 / NF-kappa B; 0 / RNA, Messenger; 0 / TLR4 protein, human; 0 / Toll-Like Receptor 4; 0 / Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha; EC 2.7.11.24 / Mitogen-Activated Protein Kinases
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23. Suarkia DL, Mgone CS, Lehmann D, Passey ME, Lupiwa T, Paniu MM, Kono J, Kakazo M, Yeka W, Alpers MP: Chlamydia trachomatis infection and distribution of serovars in the Eastern Highlands Province, Papua New Guinea. P N G Med J; 2007 Sep-Dec;50(3-4):134-44
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  • In this analysis, the major outer membrane protein (MOMP) gene, omp1, of C. trachomatis was amplified using DNA obtained from the endocervix of women, urine from men, and both the eye and nasopharynx of children.

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  • (PMID = 19583096.001).
  • [ISSN] 0031-1480
  • [Journal-full-title] Papua and New Guinea medical journal
  • [ISO-abbreviation] P N G Med J
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] Papua New Guinea
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Porins; 146409-23-6 / omp1 protein, Chlamydia trachomatis
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24. Fang J, Luo XM, Yao HT, Zhou SH, Ruan LX, Yan SX: Expression of glucose transporter-1, hypoxia-inducible factor-1α, phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase and protein kinase B (Akt) in relation to [(18)F]fluorodeoxyglucose uptake in nasopharyngeal diffuse large B-cell lymphoma: a case report and literature review. J Int Med Res; 2010;38(6):2160-8
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  • [Title] Expression of glucose transporter-1, hypoxia-inducible factor-1α, phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase and protein kinase B (Akt) in relation to [(18)F]fluorodeoxyglucose uptake in nasopharyngeal diffuse large B-cell lymphoma: a case report and literature review.
  • This report presents a case of nasopharyngeal diffuse large B-cell lymphoma and a literature review concerning the use of [(18)F]fluorodeoxyglucose (FDG) positron emission tomography/computed tomography (PET/CT).
  • Nasal endoscopy found diffuse swelling in the nasopharynx and a biopsy was performed.
  • Prior to chemotherapy, FDG-PET/CT showed soft tissue diffuse thickening and FDG accumulation in the nasopharynx and bilateral cervical lymph nodes; FDG did not accumulate elsewhere.
  • After four cycles of chemotherapy (rituximab, cyclo phosphamide, doxorubicin, vincristine) and prednisone treatment, FDG-PET/CT showed that FDG still accumulated in the nasopharynx and bilateral cervical lymph nodes, therefore radiotherapy was initiated.
  • Immunohistochemical analysis revealed that the tumour was positive for phosphorylated protein kinase B (Akt), suggesting that FDG uptake may be associated with factors activated by the phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase/Akt signalling pathway.
  • [MeSH-major] Fluorodeoxyglucose F18 / pharmacokinetics. Glucose Transporter Type 1 / metabolism. Hypoxia-Inducible Factor 1, alpha Subunit / metabolism. Lymphoma, Large B-Cell, Diffuse / enzymology. Nasopharyngeal Neoplasms / enzymology. Phosphatidylinositol 3-Kinase / metabolism. Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-akt / metabolism
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Humans. Immunohistochemistry. Male. Nasopharynx / pathology. Positron-Emission Tomography. Tomography, X-Ray Computed

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  • (PMID = 21227022.001).
  • [ISSN] 1473-2300
  • [Journal-full-title] The Journal of international medical research
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Int. Med. Res.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Glucose Transporter Type 1; 0 / HIF1A protein, human; 0 / Hypoxia-Inducible Factor 1, alpha Subunit; 0Z5B2CJX4D / Fluorodeoxyglucose F18; EC 2.7.1.137 / Phosphatidylinositol 3-Kinase; EC 2.7.11.1 / Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-akt
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25. Zielnik-Jurkiewicz B, Kolczyńska M: [Nasopharyngeal and middle ear flora in children with acute otitis media]. Otolaryngol Pol; 2005;59(4):537-42
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  • [Title] [Nasopharyngeal and middle ear flora in children with acute otitis media].
  • Nasopharyngeal flora can be a reservoir of bacteria caused acute otitis media in children.
  • The aim of the study was to identify microorganisms and antimicrobial susceptibilities of pathogens from the nasopharynx and middle ear of children with acute otitis media.
  • The nasopharyngeal and middle ear samples were collected at the same time.
  • 196 organisms from nasopharynx and 325 organisms from middle ear were isolated.
  • Most frequent cultured bacteria were: Streptococcus pneumoniae, Haemophilus influenzae and Moraxella catarrhalis--75.6% in nasopharynx and 77.8% in middle ear.
  • We observed statistically significant (p < 0.01) increased of Moraxella catarrhalis in specimens from the middle ear than from nasopharynx.
  • Most of the organisms were susceptible to amoxicillin/clavulanate--83.2% of bacteria from nasopharynx and 81.8% of bacteria from middle ear.
  • Most organisms were resistant to trimethoprim/sulfamethoxazole--60.7% of bacteria from nasopharynx and 62.6% of bacteria from middle ear.
  • Penicillin resistance was observed in 25.0% of bacteria from nasopharynx and 25.6% of bacteria from middle ear.
  • Nasopharyngeal and middle ear flora in children with acute otitis media is similar.
  • In that case susceptibility of bacteria from the nasopharynx can be useful for empirical treatment of acute otitis media in children.
  • [MeSH-major] Anti-Bacterial Agents / pharmacology. Drug Resistance, Bacterial. Ear, Middle / microbiology. Nasopharynx / microbiology. Otitis Media / microbiology

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  • (PMID = 16273858.001).
  • [ISSN] 0030-6657
  • [Journal-full-title] Otolaryngologia polska = The Polish otolaryngology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Otolaryngol Pol
  • [Language] pol
  • [Publication-type] English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Poland
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Anti-Bacterial Agents
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26. Ng T, Richards GM, Emery RS, Ho G, Yung R, Cheng A, Berson AM: Customized conformal high-dose-rate brachytherapy boost for limited-volume nasopharyngeal cancer. Int J Radiat Oncol Biol Phys; 2005 Mar 1;61(3):754-61
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  • [Title] Customized conformal high-dose-rate brachytherapy boost for limited-volume nasopharyngeal cancer.
  • PURPOSE: To determine the feasibility of and patient outcomes using customized high-dose-rate (HDR) brachytherapy to boost the nasopharynx after external beam radiation therapy (EBRT) in patients with carcinoma of the nasopharynx.
  • METHODS AND MATERIALS: Patients with nonmetastatic squamous cell carcinoma of the nasopharynx were treated using EBRT followed by a HDR brachytherapy boost delivered via customized catheters in a noninvasive, accurate, and reproducible method under direct fiber-optic visualization.
  • [MeSH-major] Brachytherapy / methods. Carcinoma, Squamous Cell / radiotherapy. Nasopharyngeal Neoplasms / radiotherapy. Radiotherapy, Conformal / methods
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Aged. Feasibility Studies. Female. Humans. Male. Middle Aged. Radiotherapy Dosage. Temporomandibular Joint Disorders / diagnosis

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  • (PMID = 15708254.001).
  • [ISSN] 0360-3016
  • [Journal-full-title] International journal of radiation oncology, biology, physics
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Int. J. Radiat. Oncol. Biol. Phys.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Evaluation Studies; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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27. Liu TR, Yang AK, Guo X, Li QL, Song M, He JH, Wang YH, Guo ZM, Zhang Q, Chen WQ, Chen FJ: Adenoid cystic carcinoma of the nasopharynx: 27-year experience. Laryngoscope; 2008 Nov;118(11):1981-8
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  • [Title] Adenoid cystic carcinoma of the nasopharynx: 27-year experience.
  • OBJECTIVE/HYPOTHESIS: Nasopharyngeal adenoid cystic carcinoma (NACC) is a rare malignancy with special biological features.
  • We presented one institution's experience with this tumor and the outcomes of treatment.
  • [MeSH-major] Carcinoma, Adenoid Cystic / diagnosis. Nasopharyngeal Neoplasms / diagnosis
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Chemotherapy, Adjuvant. China / epidemiology. Disease-Free Survival. Female. Follow-Up Studies. Humans. Magnetic Resonance Imaging. Male. Middle Aged. Neoplasm Staging. Pharyngectomy / methods. Prognosis. Radiotherapy, Adjuvant. Retrospective Studies. Survival Rate. Tomography, X-Ray Computed

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  • (PMID = 18758378.001).
  • [ISSN] 1531-4995
  • [Journal-full-title] The Laryngoscope
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Laryngoscope
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Comparative Study; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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28. Lapeyre M, Bellière A, Hoffstetter S, Peiffert D: [Brachytherapy for head and neck cancers (nasopharynx excluded)]. Cancer Radiother; 2008 Nov;12(6-7):515-21
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  • [Title] [Brachytherapy for head and neck cancers (nasopharynx excluded)].
  • [Transliterated title] Curiethérapie des cancers de la tête et du cou (cavum exclu).
  • [MeSH-minor] Combined Modality Therapy. Humans. Lymphatic Metastasis / radiotherapy. Mouth Neoplasms / radiotherapy. Nasopharyngeal Neoplasms / pathology. Neoplasms, Second Primary / radiotherapy. Radiotherapy / methods. Treatment Outcome

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  • (PMID = 18824384.001).
  • [ISSN] 1278-3218
  • [Journal-full-title] Cancer radiothérapie : journal de la Société française de radiothérapie oncologique
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Cancer Radiother
  • [Language] fre
  • [Publication-type] English Abstract; Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] France
  • [Number-of-references] 59
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29. Altunaiji S, Kukuruzovic R, Curtis N, Massie J: Antibiotics for whooping cough (pertussis). Cochrane Database Syst Rev; 2007;(3):CD004404
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  • The quality of the trials was variable.Short-term antibiotics (azithromycin for three to five days, or clarithromycin or erythromycin for seven days) were as effective as long-term (erythromycin for 10 to 14 days) in eradicating Bordetella pertussis (B. pertussis) from the nasopharynx (relative risk (RR) 1.02, 95% confidence interval (CI) 0.98 to 1.05), but had fewer side effects (RR 0.66, 95% CI 0.52 to 0.83).


30. Cozzolino R, Palladino P, Rossi F, Calì G, Benedetti E, Laccetti P: Antineoplastic cyclic astin analogues kill tumour cells via caspase-mediated induction of apoptosis. Carcinogenesis; 2005 Apr;26(4):733-9
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  • [Title] Antineoplastic cyclic astin analogues kill tumour cells via caspase-mediated induction of apoptosis.
  • The beta,gamma-dichlorinated proline residue is considered to play an important role in their antineoplastic activities in vitro on nasopharynx carcinoma (KB) cells and in vivo on sarcoma 180 ascites and P388 lymphocytic leukaemia in mice.
  • [MeSH-minor] Aster Plant / chemistry. Caspase Inhibitors. Cell Line, Tumor. Drug Screening Assays, Antitumor. Enzyme Activation / drug effects. Enzyme Inhibitors / pharmacology. Humans

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  • (PMID = 15661812.001).
  • [ISSN] 0143-3334
  • [Journal-full-title] Carcinogenesis
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Carcinogenesis
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Antineoplastic Agents; 0 / Caspase Inhibitors; 0 / Enzyme Inhibitors; 0 / Peptides, Cyclic; 0 / astin B; EC 3.4.22.- / Caspases
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31. Zhong JL, Liang BL, Ding ZX, Shen J, Huang SQ, Ye RX, Xie BK, Sun Y: [Significance of dynamic enhanced MRI in differential diagnosis of radiofibrosis and recurrent nasopharyngeal carcinoma at the basilar clivus]. Ai Zheng; 2006 Jan;25(1):105-9
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  • [Title] [Significance of dynamic enhanced MRI in differential diagnosis of radiofibrosis and recurrent nasopharyngeal carcinoma at the basilar clivus].
  • BACKGROUND & OBJECTIVE: Basilar clivus is a common site of recurrent nasopharyngeal carcinoma (RNPC).
  • Biopsy of the basilar clivus is seldom done because of its deep location and complex anatomic structure, therefore, early differential diagnosis of radiofibrosis (RF) and RNPC at the basilar clivus is very difficult.
  • This study was designed to investigate the characteristics of radiofibrosis and RNPC at the basilar clivus on dynamic enhanced magnetic resonance imaging (DMRI) for differential diagnosis.
  • After conventional plain MRI scan of nasopharynx, DMRI and conventional contrast enhanced T(1)-weighted imaging (T1WI) were performed.
  • CONCLUSIONS: DMRI is helpful for differential diagnosis of radiofibrosis and RNPC at the basilar clivus.
  • [MeSH-major] Cranial Fossa, Posterior / pathology. Magnetic Resonance Imaging / methods. Nasopharyngeal Neoplasms / diagnosis. Neoplasm Recurrence, Local / diagnosis
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Aged. Diagnosis, Differential. Female. Fibrosis. Follow-Up Studies. Humans. Male. Middle Aged

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  • (PMID = 16405762.001).
  • [Journal-full-title] Ai zheng = Aizheng = Chinese journal of cancer
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Ai Zheng
  • [Language] chi
  • [Publication-type] English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] China
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32. Yen TC, Chang JT, Ng SH, Chang YC, Chan SC, Lin KJ, Lin WJ, Fu YK, Lin CY: The value of 18F-FDG PET in the detection of stage M0 carcinoma of the nasopharynx. J Nucl Med; 2005 Mar;46(3):405-10
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  • [Title] The value of 18F-FDG PET in the detection of stage M0 carcinoma of the nasopharynx.
  • Distant metastasis is an important issue for nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC).
  • For recurrent NPC, neither age, sex, initial tumor stage, grade of differentiation, nor nodal stage showed a statistically significant difference between patients with and patients without distant metastases.
  • [MeSH-major] Carcinoma, Squamous Cell / pathology. Carcinoma, Squamous Cell / radionuclide imaging. Fluorodeoxyglucose F18. Nasopharyngeal Neoplasms / pathology. Nasopharyngeal Neoplasms / radionuclide imaging. Neoplasm Recurrence, Local / pathology. Neoplasm Recurrence, Local / radionuclide imaging. Positron-Emission Tomography / methods
  • [MeSH-minor] Adolescent. Adult. Aged. Aged, 80 and over. Female. Humans. Male. Middle Aged. Neoplasm Staging / methods. Radiopharmaceuticals. Reproducibility of Results. Sensitivity and Specificity. Severity of Illness Index. Single-Blind Method. Whole-Body Counting / methods

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  • (PMID = 15750151.001).
  • [ISSN] 0161-5505
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of nuclear medicine : official publication, Society of Nuclear Medicine
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Nucl. Med.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Clinical Trial; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't; Validation Studies
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Radiopharmaceuticals; 0Z5B2CJX4D / Fluorodeoxyglucose F18
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33. Lin JH, Tai CF, Lee KW, Ho KY, Kuo WR, Wang LF: Huge Thornwaldt's cyst: a case report. Kaohsiung J Med Sci; 2006 Oct;22(10):524-8
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  • Thornwaldt's bursa, also known as nasopharyngeal bursa, is a recess in the midline of the nasopharynx that is produced by persistent notochord remnants.
  • Nasopharyngoscopy showed a huge nasopharyngeal mass.
  • We present the treatment and differential diagnosis of a nasopharyngeal cyst.
  • [MeSH-major] Cysts / diagnosis. Nasopharyngeal Diseases / diagnosis
  • [MeSH-minor] Diagnosis, Differential. Humans. Magnetic Resonance Imaging. Male. Middle Aged

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  • (PMID = 17098686.001).
  • [ISSN] 1607-551X
  • [Journal-full-title] The Kaohsiung journal of medical sciences
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Kaohsiung J. Med. Sci.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] China (Republic : 1949- )
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34. Diao B, Allory Y, Vordos D, De La Taille A, Abbou CC, Salomon L: [Lymphoepithelioma-like carcinoma of the bladder: a new case report and literature review]. Prog Urol; 2009 Sep;19(8):576-8
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  • [Transliterated title] Le carcinome lymphoepithelioma-like de la vessie: présentation d'un nouveau cas et revue de la littérature.
  • Lymphoepithelioma-like carcinoma of the bladder is rare tumour which is called so because of the histological similitude with lymphoepithelioma carcinoma of nasopharynx.

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  • (PMID = 19699457.001).
  • [ISSN] 1166-7087
  • [Journal-full-title] Progrès en urologie : journal de l'Association française d'urologie et de la Société française d'urologie
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Prog. Urol.
  • [Language] fre
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] France
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35. Wai Pak M, To KF, Lee JC, Liang EY, van Hasselt CA: In vivo real-time diagnosis of nasopharyngeal carcinoma in situ by contact rhinoscopy. Head Neck; 2005 Nov;27(11):1008-13
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  • [Title] In vivo real-time diagnosis of nasopharyngeal carcinoma in situ by contact rhinoscopy.
  • BACKGROUND: Nasopharyngeal dysplasia or nasopharyngeal carcinoma in situ (NPCIS) lesions have rarely been reported.
  • Timely diagnosis of the preinvasive lesion may improve prognosis.
  • Contact endoscopy has been documented to accurately differentiate normal cells of the nasopharynx from malignant cells and allows a real-time diagnosis of primary and recurrent nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC) in a clinical setting.
  • However, the role of contact endoscopy in the diagnosis of NPCIS is unknown.
  • METHODS: The superficial cells of the nasopharynx in a patient with NPCIS were examined in vivo under local anaesthesia by use of a contact rhinoscope.
  • CONCLUSIONS: Contact endoscopy can accurately identify the atypical cells of a tiny preinvasive lesion in the nasopharynx in a clinical setting, which may not be evident in routine imaging examination.
  • [MeSH-major] Carcinoma in Situ / diagnosis. Endoscopy / methods. Nasopharyngeal Neoplasms / diagnosis

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  • [Copyright] (c) 2005 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
  • (PMID = 16134185.001).
  • [ISSN] 1043-3074
  • [Journal-full-title] Head & neck
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Head Neck
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Antigens, Viral; 0 / Capsid Proteins; 0 / DNA, Viral; 0 / Epstein-Barr viral capsid antigen; 0 / RNA, Viral
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36. Hansen MT, Sanchez VT, Eyster K, Hansen KA: Streptococcus pyogenes pharyngeal colonization resulting in recurrent, prepubertal vulvovaginitis. J Pediatr Adolesc Gynecol; 2007 Oct;20(5):315-7
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  • Group A beta-hemolytic streptococcus are consistently sensitive to penicillin, but up to 25% of acute pharyngitis cases treated with penicillin having continued asymptomatic, bacterial carriage within the nasopharynx.

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  • (PMID = 17868900.001).
  • [ISSN] 1083-3188
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of pediatric and adolescent gynecology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Pediatr Adolesc Gynecol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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37. Jiang M, Zhou M, Huang W, Li Z, Cheng X, Ji J, Xue F, Wang Q: [The study of resilience of oral pharyngeal wall in patients with obstructive sleep apnea hypopnea syndrome applied with multiple detector-row spiral CT]. Lin Chung Er Bi Yan Hou Tou Jing Wai Ke Za Zhi; 2007 Feb;21(3):97-9
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  • METHOD: Applied with multiple detector-row spiral CT, 24 patients with OSAHS and 10 volunteers were scanned from nasopharynx to hypopharynx under the normal breathing state and the breathing state of Muller maneuver.

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  • (PMID = 17441419.001).
  • [ISSN] 1001-1781
  • [Journal-full-title] Lin chuang er bi yan hou tou jing wai ke za zhi = Journal of clinical otorhinolaryngology, head, and neck surgery
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Lin Chung Er Bi Yan Hou Tou Jing Wai Ke Za Zhi
  • [Language] chi
  • [Publication-type] English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] China
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38. Gibney KB, Morris PS, Carapetis JR, Skull SA, Smith-Vaughan HC, Stubbs E, Leach AJ: The clinical course of acute otitis media in high-risk Australian Aboriginal children: a longitudinal study. BMC Pediatr; 2005;5(1):16
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  • Our aim was to describe the clinical course of AOM and the associated bacterial nasopharyngeal colonisation in a high-risk population of Australian Aboriginal children.
  • METHODS: We examined Aboriginal children younger than eight years who had a clinical diagnosis of AOM.
  • Nasopharyngeal swabs were taken at study entry and then weekly.
  • Most children had bulging of the TM or recent middle ear discharge at diagnosis.
  • These infections were associated with persistent bacterial colonisation of the nasopharynx and any benefits of antibiotics were modest at best.
  • [MeSH-major] Nasopharynx / microbiology. Oceanic Ancestry Group. Otitis Media / physiopathology

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  • (PMID = 15955251.001).
  • [ISSN] 1471-2431
  • [Journal-full-title] BMC pediatrics
  • [ISO-abbreviation] BMC Pediatr
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] England
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  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC1177962
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39. Selvarajan S, Subramanian S, Thulkar S, Kumar L: Granulocytic sarcoma of nasopharynx with perineural spread along the trigeminal nerve. Neurol India; 2008 Apr-Jun;56(2):210-2
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  • [Title] Granulocytic sarcoma of nasopharynx with perineural spread along the trigeminal nerve.
  • [MeSH-major] Cranial Nerve Neoplasms / secondary. Nasopharyngeal Neoplasms / pathology. Sarcoma, Myeloid / pathology. Trigeminal Nerve Diseases / etiology

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  • (PMID = 18688157.001).
  • [ISSN] 0028-3886
  • [Journal-full-title] Neurology India
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Neurol India
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Letter
  • [Publication-country] India
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40. Peltola VT, Boyd KL, McAuley JL, Rehg JE, McCullers JA: Bacterial sinusitis and otitis media following influenza virus infection in ferrets. Infect Immun; 2006 May;74(5):2562-7
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  • In young ferrets infected with influenza virus and then challenged with pneumococcus, influenza viruses of any subtype increased bacterial colonization of the nasopharynx.

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  • (PMID = 16622191.001).
  • [ISSN] 0019-9567
  • [Journal-full-title] Infection and immunity
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Infect. Immun.
  • [Language] ENG
  • [Grant] United States / NIAID NIH HHS / AI / R21 AI054802; United States / NIAID NIH HHS / AI / AI-49178; United States / NIAID NIH HHS / AI / AI-54802
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC1459735
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41. Rushton L, Bagga S, Bevan R, Brown TP, Cherrie JW, Holmes P, Fortunato L, Slack R, Van Tongeren M, Young C, Hutchings SJ: Occupation and cancer in Britain. Br J Cancer; 2010 Apr 27;102(9):1428-37
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  • Occupational attributable fractions are over 2% for mesothelioma, sinonasal, lung, nasopharynx, breast, non-melanoma skin cancer, bladder, oesophagus, soft tissue sarcoma, larynx and stomach cancers.

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  • (PMID = 20424618.001).
  • [ISSN] 1532-1827
  • [Journal-full-title] British journal of cancer
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Br. J. Cancer
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Carcinogens; 1332-21-4 / Asbestos; 8007-45-2 / Coal Tar
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC2865752
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42. Bahnassy AA, Zekri AR, Asaad N, El-Houssini S, Khalid HM, Sedky LM, Mokhtar NM: Epstein-Barr viral infection in extranodal lymphoma of the head and neck: correlation with prognosis and response to treatment. Histopathology; 2006 Apr;48(5):516-28
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  • MATERIAL AND METHODS: The study included 50 PELHN (11 cases in the nose and paranasal sinuses, 11 in the nasopharynx, 13 in the tonsils, seven in the oropharynx and eight in the oral cavity), five reactive lymph nodes, 15 normal nasopharyngeal tissue and 25 throat washes of healthy subjects from Egypt.
  • Cases and controls were assessed for the presence of EBV by polymerase chain reaction (PCR) and in situ hybridization techniques, the presence of 30 base pair deletion of the LMP-1 (del-LMP1) gene and for the expression of p53, Ki67, bcl-2 and Bax by immunohistochemistry.
  • All cases of nasal type lymphoma were positive for EBV. del-LMP1 gene was detected in 24/35 of EBV+ cases (68.6%), whereas 11 cases had wild-type variant either alone or mixed with del-LMP1.
  • There was a significant difference in the frequency of del-LMP1 between lymphoma and normal tissues.
  • Multivariate analysis showed that only p53 overexpression, del-LMP1 variant and advanced disease stage are independent prognostic factors.
  • The presence of del-LMP1 variants, p53 overexpression and advanced disease stage are poor prognostic factors associated with reduced survival and poor response to therapy.
  • [MeSH-minor] Adolescent. Aged. Cell Line, Tumor. Child. Child, Preschool. Female. Herpesvirus 4, Human / classification. Herpesvirus 4, Human / genetics. Humans. Immunohistochemistry. In Situ Hybridization. Ki-67 Antigen / analysis. Male. Middle Aged. Prognosis. Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-bcl-2 / analysis. RNA, Viral / genetics. Survival Analysis. Treatment Outcome. Tumor Suppressor Protein p53 / analysis. bcl-2-Associated X Protein / analysis

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  • (PMID = 16623777.001).
  • [ISSN] 0309-0167
  • [Journal-full-title] Histopathology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Histopathology
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Epstein-Barr virus encoded RNA 2; 0 / Ki-67 Antigen; 0 / Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-bcl-2; 0 / RNA, Viral; 0 / Tumor Suppressor Protein p53; 0 / bcl-2-Associated X Protein
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43. Martín-Galiano AJ, Overweg K, Ferrándiz MJ, Reuter M, Wells JM, de la Campa AG: Transcriptional analysis of the acid tolerance response in Streptococcus pneumoniae. Microbiology; 2005 Dec;151(Pt 12):3935-46
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  • Streptococcus pneumoniae, one of the major causes of morbidity and mortality in humans, faces a range of potentially acidic conditions in the middle and late stages of growth in vitro, in diverse human fluids during the infection process, and in biofilms present in the nasopharynx of carriers. S. pneumoniae was shown to develop a weak acid tolerance response (ATR), where cells previously exposed to sublethal pHs (5.8-6.6) showed an increased survival rate of up to one order of magnitude after challenge at the lethal pH (4.4, survival rate of 10(-4)).

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  • (PMID = 16339938.001).
  • [ISSN] 1350-0872
  • [Journal-full-title] Microbiology (Reading, England)
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Microbiology (Reading, Engl.)
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Acids; 0 / Bacterial Proteins; 0 / Protein Synthesis Inhibitors
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44. Kondo T, Mori K, Oka S, Morinaka S: Melanotic oncocytic metaplasia of the nasopharynx as a benign mimicker of malignant melanoma: a case report. Diagn Pathol; 2010;5:5
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  • [Title] Melanotic oncocytic metaplasia of the nasopharynx as a benign mimicker of malignant melanoma: a case report.
  • INTRODUCTION: Melanotic variant of oncocytic metaplasia of the nasopharynx is an extremely rare condition.
  • The clinical differential diagnosis was malignant melanoma or hemangioma.
  • CONCLUSION: Such a pigmented variant of benign oncocytic lesion is very rare, and only 15 cases have been reported in the English literature.
  • As a benign mimicker of malignant melanoma, melanocytic oncocytic metaplasia should be always taken into consideration in the clinical setting.
  • [MeSH-major] Melanins / analysis. Melanoma / diagnosis. Nasopharyngeal Diseases / diagnosis. Nasopharyngeal Neoplasms / diagnosis. Nasopharynx / pathology
  • [MeSH-minor] Aged. Biopsy. Diagnosis, Differential. Endoscopy. Humans. Immunohistochemistry. Male. Metaplasia. Predictive Value of Tests. Staining and Labeling

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  • (PMID = 20205773.001).
  • [ISSN] 1746-1596
  • [Journal-full-title] Diagnostic pathology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Diagn Pathol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Melanins
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC2823682
  • [General-notes] NLM/ Original DateCompleted: 20100526
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45. Qiu F, Hua YJ, Guo L, He JH, Qiu XL, Hong MH: [Mucoepidermoid carcinoma of nasopharynx: a report of twelve cases]. Ai Zheng; 2005 Mar;24(3):362-4
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  • [Title] [Mucoepidermoid carcinoma of nasopharynx: a report of twelve cases].
  • BACKGROUND & OBJECTIVE: Mucoepidermoid carcinoma of nasopharynx, a kind of primary adenocarcinoma of nasopharynx, is rare, and has seldom been reported.
  • 2003, 12 patients with pathologically confirmed primary mucoepidermoid carcinoma of nasopharynx were treated in our hospital.
  • RESULTS: The 12 patients with mucoepidermoid carcinoma of nasopharynx accounted for only 0.026% of all nasopharyngeal cancer patients diagnosed simultaneously in our hospital.
  • CONCLUSIONS: Mucoepidermoid carcinoma of nasopharynx is a special type of nasopharyngeal carcinoma with specific pathogenesis features.
  • [MeSH-major] Antigens, Viral / analysis. Capsid Proteins / analysis. Carcinoma, Mucoepidermoid / therapy. Herpesvirus 4, Human. Nasopharyngeal Neoplasms / therapy
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Combined Modality Therapy. DNA, Viral / analysis. Female. Follow-Up Studies. Humans. Immunoglobulin A / analysis. Lung Neoplasms / secondary. Male. Middle Aged. Neoplasm Recurrence, Local. Retrospective Studies. Treatment Outcome

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  • (PMID = 15757543.001).
  • [Journal-full-title] Ai zheng = Aizheng = Chinese journal of cancer
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Ai Zheng
  • [Language] chi
  • [Publication-type] English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] China
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Antigens, Viral; 0 / Capsid Proteins; 0 / DNA, Viral; 0 / Epstein-Barr viral capsid antigen; 0 / Immunoglobulin A
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46. Mohanty S, Balakrishnan S: Management of extra sellar craniopharyngioma masquerading as hypertrophied adenoid tissue in a 6-year-old boy. Int J Pediatr Otorhinolaryngol; 2008 Sep;72(9):1441-4
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  • Described here is a rare case of a craniopharyngioma of the nasopharynx and the sphenoid sinus and its surgical resection via an endoscopic, transnasal, transphenoidal approach.
  • Craniopharyngiomas are histologically benign, extra-axial slow growing tumours of the sellar and the supra sellar space.
  • Possibility of the occurrence of such rare tumours needs to be always kept in mind while dealing with nasopharyngeal masses.
  • [MeSH-major] Craniopharyngioma / diagnosis. Nasopharyngeal Neoplasms / diagnosis. Paranasal Sinus Neoplasms / diagnosis. Sphenoid Sinus
  • [MeSH-minor] Adenoidectomy. Adenoids / pathology. Child. Diagnosis, Differential. Endoscopy. Humans. Male

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  • (PMID = 18620758.001).
  • [ISSN] 0165-5876
  • [Journal-full-title] International journal of pediatric otorhinolaryngology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Int. J. Pediatr. Otorhinolaryngol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Ireland
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47. Piccin O, Sorrenti G: Adult obstructive sleep apnea related to nasopharyngeal obstruction: a case of retropharyngeal lipoma and pathogenetic considerations. Sleep Breath; 2007 Dec;11(4):305-7
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  • [Title] Adult obstructive sleep apnea related to nasopharyngeal obstruction: a case of retropharyngeal lipoma and pathogenetic considerations.
  • Cervico facial lipomas are relatively rare and only a few of them affect retropharyngeal space.
  • Computed tomography scan showed a low attenuation bilobed retropharyngeal mass (5 x 2 x 2.5 cm) compatible with lipoma, extending from the nasopharynx to the superior bound of the oropharynx (at the level of C2-C3 passage).
  • Removal of the tumor cured the obstructive sleep apnea; the sleep study at 1 month follow-up showed the normalization of the somnographic parameters (AHI = 12; lowest SaO2 = 76%; mean SaO2 = 95%; time of sleep with SaO2<90% = 4%).
  • [MeSH-major] Lipoma / genetics. Lipoma / pathology. Nasopharynx / physiopathology. Pharyngeal Neoplasms / genetics. Pharyngeal Neoplasms / pathology. Sleep Apnea, Obstructive / physiopathology

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  • (PMID = 17676347.001).
  • [ISSN] 1520-9512
  • [Journal-full-title] Sleep & breathing = Schlaf & Atmung
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Sleep Breath
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Germany
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48. Hens SM: Ontogeny of craniofacial sexual dimorphism in the orangutan (Pongo pygmaeus). I: face and palate. Am J Primatol; 2005 Feb;65(2):149-66
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  • However, they differ in facial and nasal height, palate length, snout projection, depth of the nasopharynx, and hafting of the face onto the skull.

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  • [Copyright] Copyright 2005 Wiley-Liss, Inc.
  • (PMID = 15706586.001).
  • [ISSN] 0275-2565
  • [Journal-full-title] American journal of primatology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Am. J. Primatol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] United States
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49. Heinrich UR, Brieger J, Gosepath J, Wierzbicka M, Sokolov M, Roth Y, Szyfter W, Bittinger F, Mann WJ: Frequent chromosomal gains in recurrent juvenile nasopharyngeal angiofibroma. Cancer Genet Cytogenet; 2007 Jun;175(2):138-43
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  • [Title] Frequent chromosomal gains in recurrent juvenile nasopharyngeal angiofibroma.
  • Juvenile nasopharyngeal angiofibroma (JNA) is a rare benign tumor, mostly affecting adolescent males.
  • Four patients with one or two recurrences were included in the study; for one of these, no material of the primary tumor was available for analysis.
  • There was no correlation among tumor staging, age, and DNA amplification.
  • No DNA aneuploidy was detected, a finding in accordance with the generally benign characteristics of JNAs.
  • Our observations suggest that in JNA the activation of oncogenes is more likely than the inactivation of tumor suppressor genes.
  • Autosomal gains in the primary tumor should be further evaluated as markers for a potentially increased risk of recurrence after surgical removal in this entity.
  • [MeSH-major] Angiofibroma / genetics. Chromosome Aberrations. Nasopharyngeal Neoplasms / genetics. Neoplasm Recurrence, Local / genetics

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  • (PMID = 17556070.001).
  • [ISSN] 0165-4608
  • [Journal-full-title] Cancer genetics and cytogenetics
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Cancer Genet. Cytogenet.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Comparative Study; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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50. Wang XY, Wu N, Zhu Z, Zhao YF: Computed tomography features of enlarged tonsils as a first symptom of non-Hodgkin's lymphoma. Chin J Cancer; 2010 May;29(5):556-60
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  • There were 8 patients with simultaneous invasion of the nasopharynx, soft palate, and epiglottis.
  • [MeSH-minor] Adolescent. Adult. Aged. Female. Humans. Lymphatic Metastasis. Lymphoma, Large B-Cell, Diffuse / diagnosis. Lymphoma, Large B-Cell, Diffuse / pathology. Lymphoma, Large B-Cell, Diffuse / radiography. Male. Middle Aged. Neck. Neoplasm Invasiveness. Retrospective Studies. Young Adult

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  • (PMID = 20426908.001).
  • [ISSN] 1000-467X
  • [Journal-full-title] Chinese journal of cancer
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Chin J Cancer
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] China
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51. Leino T, Hoti F, Syrjänen R, Tanskanen A, Auranen K: Clustering of serotypes in a longitudinal study of Streptococcus pneumoniae carriage in three day care centres. BMC Infect Dis; 2008;8:173
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  • The main route of pneumococcal transmission is through asymptomatic colonisation of the nasopharynx.
  • Studies of transmission are currently of general interest because of the impact of the new conjugate-polysaccharide vaccines on nasopharyngeal colonisation (carriage).
  • METHODS: We followed attendees (N = 59) with their family members (N = 117) and the employees (N = 37) in three Finnish day care centres for 9 months with monthly sampling of nasopharyngeal carriage.

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  • (PMID = 19116005.001).
  • [ISSN] 1471-2334
  • [Journal-full-title] BMC infectious diseases
  • [ISO-abbreviation] BMC Infect. Dis.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC2639357
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52. Kaczała M, Kopron K, Gmyrek J, Giedrys-Kalemba S: [Colonization (infection) of the respiratory tract in outpatients in 2000-2005 years]. Pol Merkur Lekarski; 2008 Mar;24(141):195-201
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  • A variety of etiological factors (mostly viruses, typical and non typical bacteria) causes that the diagnosis of these infections is rarely made in outpatient practice (usually these are nose and throat smears); additionally the carrier state of typical bacteria in the respiratory tract impedes the interpretation of microbiological results.
  • On the ground of carrier state of these bacteria in nasopharynx it is a clinician's decision to recognize the bacteria as the etiological agent of infection and possible use of antibiotic treatment.

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  • (PMID = 18634283.001).
  • [ISSN] 1426-9686
  • [Journal-full-title] Polski merkuriusz lekarski : organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Pol. Merkur. Lekarski
  • [Language] pol
  • [Publication-type] English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Poland
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53. Portaluri M, Fucilli FI, Castagna R, Bambace S, Pili G, Tramacere F, Russo D, Francavilla MC: Three-dimensional conformal radiotherapy for locally advanced (Stage II and worse) head-and-neck cancer: dosimetric and clinical evaluation. Int J Radiat Oncol Biol Phys; 2006 Nov 15;66(4):1036-43
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  • METHODS AND MATERIALS: A total of 49 patients with histologically proven squamous cell cancer of the head and neck were consecutively treated with 3D-CRT using a one-point setup technique; 17 had larynx cancer, 12 oropharynx, 12 oral cavity, and 6 nasopharynx cancer; 2 had other sites of cancer.

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  • (PMID = 16750321.001).
  • [ISSN] 1879-355X
  • [Journal-full-title] International journal of radiation oncology, biology, physics
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Int. J. Radiat. Oncol. Biol. Phys.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Clinical Trial; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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54. Schielke S, Frosch M, Kurzai O: Virulence determinants involved in differential host niche adaptation of Neisseria meningitidis and Neisseria gonorrhoeae. Med Microbiol Immunol; 2010 Aug;199(3):185-96
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  • Although these two species are closely related, they specialized on survival in completely different environments within the human host-the nasopharynx in the case of N. meningitidis versus the urogenital tract in the case of N. gonorrhoeae.

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  • (PMID = 20379743.001).
  • [ISSN] 1432-1831
  • [Journal-full-title] Medical microbiology and immunology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Med. Microbiol. Immunol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Comparative Study; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't; Review
  • [Publication-country] Germany
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Bacterial Proteins; 0 / Membrane Transport Proteins; 0 / Transcription Factors; 0 / Virulence Factors
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55. Thariat J, Hamoir M, Janot F, De Mones E, Marcy PY, Carrier P, Bozec A, Guevara N, Albert S, Vedrine PO, Graff P, Peyrade F, Hofman P, Santini J, Bourhis J, Lapeyre M: [Neck dissection following chemoradiation for node positive head and neck carcinomas]. Cancer Radiother; 2009 Dec;13(8):758-70
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  • [Transliterated title] Place du curage ganglionnaire après chimioradiothérapie dans les carcinomes épidermoïdes des voies aérodigestives supérieures avec atteinte ganglionnaire initiale (nasopharynx exclu).

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  • [CommentIn] Cancer Radiother. 2010 Jun;14(3):222; author reply 222-4 [20189432.001]
  • (PMID = 19692283.001).
  • [ISSN] 1769-6658
  • [Journal-full-title] Cancer radiothérapie : journal de la Société française de radiothérapie oncologique
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Cancer Radiother
  • [Language] fre
  • [Publication-type] English Abstract; Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] France
  • [Number-of-references] 99
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56. Joo D, Chhetri DK, Wang MB: Endoscopic removal of juvenile nasopharyngeal angiofibromas: a video presentation. Laryngoscope; 2008 Jun;118(6):e1-3
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  • [Title] Endoscopic removal of juvenile nasopharyngeal angiofibromas: a video presentation.
  • OBJECTIVES/HYPOTHESIS: Juvenile nasal angiogibroma (JNA) is a relatively rare, benign neoplasm generally seen in prepubertal and adolescent males.
  • Our presentation demonstrates an endoscopic approach to excision of JNAs that are limited to the nasal cavity, nasopharynx, and paranasal sinuses.
  • After medialization of the middle turbinate and anterior ethmoidectomy, the tumor could be mobilized using a Cottle elevator and microdebrider.
  • The origin and attachment of the tumor were visualized and detached from the sphenopalatine foramen.
  • The tumor was resected en bloc with minimal bleeding.
  • To date, there has been no evidence of recurrence of tumor in these individuals.
  • [MeSH-major] Angiofibroma / surgery. Endoscopy / methods. Nasal Cavity. Nasopharyngeal Neoplasms / surgery. Nose Neoplasms / surgery. Paranasal Sinus Neoplasms / surgery

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  • (PMID = 18391769.001).
  • [ISSN] 1531-4995
  • [Journal-full-title] The Laryngoscope
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Laryngoscope
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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57. Vander Top EA, Wyatt TA, Gentry-Nielsen MJ: Smoke exposure exacerbates an ethanol-induced defect in mucociliary clearance of Streptococcus pneumoniae. Alcohol Clin Exp Res; 2005 May;29(5):882-7
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  • Infection begins when pneumococci colonizing the nasopharynx are aspirated into the lower respiratory tract.

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  • (PMID = 15897734.001).
  • [ISSN] 0145-6008
  • [Journal-full-title] Alcoholism, clinical and experimental research
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Alcohol. Clin. Exp. Res.
  • [Language] ENG
  • [Grant] United States / NIAAA NIH HHS / AA / AA013434; United States / NIAAA NIH HHS / AA / R21 AA013434-03; United States / NIAAA NIH HHS / AA / R21 AA013434; United States / NIAAA NIH HHS / AA / T32AA07582; United States / NIAAA NIH HHS / AA / T32 AA007582
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Central Nervous System Depressants; 0 / Smoke; 3K9958V90M / Ethanol; EC 2.7.11.13 / Protein Kinase C
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ NIHMS3244; NLM/ PMC1224709
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58. Yao HL, Zhu M, Wang GW, Peng LX, He BJ, He M, Li YQ: [Study of Raman spectra of single carcinoma of nasopharynx cell]. Guang Pu Xue Yu Guang Pu Fen Xi; 2007 Sep;27(9):1761-4
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  • [Title] [Study of Raman spectra of single carcinoma of nasopharynx cell].
  • The Raman spectra from carcinoma of nasopharynx cell lines (CNE2) and normal airway epithelial cell lines (HBE) were investigated using a laser tweezers Raman spectroscopy (LTRS).
  • The results indicate that the Raman spectra may offer the experimental basis for colorectal cancer diagnosis.
  • [MeSH-major] Carcinoma / chemistry. Cells / cytology. Diagnostic Techniques and Procedures. Nasopharyngeal Neoplasms / chemistry. Spectrum Analysis, Raman / methods
  • [MeSH-minor] Cell Line, Tumor. Humans

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  • (PMID = 18051524.001).
  • [ISSN] 1000-0593
  • [Journal-full-title] Guang pu xue yu guang pu fen xi = Guang pu
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Guang Pu Xue Yu Guang Pu Fen Xi
  • [Language] chi
  • [Publication-type] English Abstract; Evaluation Studies; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] China
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59. Roussel-Jazédé V, Jongerius I, Bos MP, Tommassen J, van Ulsen P: NalP-mediated proteolytic release of lactoferrin-binding protein B from the meningococcal cell surface. Infect Immun; 2010 Jul;78(7):3083-9
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  • Neisseria meningitidis expresses under iron-limiting conditions a receptor complex consisting of the lactoferrin-binding proteins A (LbpA) and LbpB to acquire iron from lactoferrin, which is abundantly present on the mucosal surfaces of the human nasopharynx.

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  • (PMID = 20421383.001).
  • [ISSN] 1098-5522
  • [Journal-full-title] Infection and immunity
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Infect. Immun.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Antibodies, Bacterial; 0 / Bacterial Outer Membrane Proteins; 0 / Bacterial Proteins; 0 / Carrier Proteins; 0 / Membrane Transport Proteins; 0 / lactoferrin binding proteins, bacterial; EC 3.4.21.- / Lactoferrin; EC 3.4.21.- / NalP protein, Neisseria meningitidis; EC 3.4.21.- / Serine Endopeptidases
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC2897402
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60. Wilkinson DJ, Andersen CC, Smith K, Holberton J: Pharyngeal pressure with high-flow nasal cannulae in premature infants. J Perinatol; 2008 Jan;28(1):42-7
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  • A catheter-tip pressure transducer was introduced into the nasopharynx.

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  • (PMID = 17989697.001).
  • [ISSN] 0743-8346
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of perinatology : official journal of the California Perinatal Association
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Perinatol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] United States
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61. Skilbeck CJ, Tweedie DJ, Lloyd-Thomas AR, Albert DM: Suction diathermy for adenoidectomy: complications and risk of recurrence. Int J Pediatr Otorhinolaryngol; 2007 Jun;71(6):917-20
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  • CONCLUSIONS: Re-growth of adenoid tissue may occur despite visualisation of the nasopharynx at the time of surgery.

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  • (PMID = 17399802.001).
  • [ISSN] 0165-5876
  • [Journal-full-title] International journal of pediatric otorhinolaryngology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Int. J. Pediatr. Otorhinolaryngol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Ireland
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62. Park SL, Chang SC, Cai L, Cordon-Cardo C, Ding BG, Greenland S, Hussain SK, Jiang Q, Liu S, Lu ML, Mao JT, Morgenstern H, Mu LN, Ng LJ, Pantuck A, Rao J, Reuter VE, Tashkin DP, You NC, Yu CQ, Yu SZ, Zhao JK, Belldegrun A, Zhang ZF: Associations between variants of the 8q24 chromosome and nine smoking-related cancer sites. Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev; 2008 Nov;17(11):3193-202
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  • Using epidemiologic data and biological samples previously collected in three case-control studies from U.S. and Chinese populations, we selected and genotyped one SNP from each of the three previously determined "regions" within the 8q24 loci, rs1447295 (region 1), rs16901979 (region 2), and rs6983267 (region 3), and examined their association with cancers of the lung, oropharynx, nasopharynx, larynx, esophagus, stomach, liver, bladder, and kidney.

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  • (PMID = 18990762.001).
  • [ISSN] 1055-9965
  • [Journal-full-title] Cancer epidemiology, biomarkers & prevention : a publication of the American Association for Cancer Research, cosponsored by the American Society of Preventive Oncology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Cancer Epidemiol. Biomarkers Prev.
  • [Language] ENG
  • [Grant] United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / T32 CA009142-25; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / T32 CA009142-22; None / None / / T32 CA009142-28; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / T32 CA009142-27; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / CA090388-020001; United States / NIDA NIH HHS / DA / R01 DA011386; None / None / / T32 CA009142-22; None / None / / T32 CA009142-26A1; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / CA090388-010001; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / T32 CA009142-21A1; None / None / / T32 CA009142-22S1; United States / NIDA NIH HHS / DA / DA11386; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / CA96134; None / None / / T32 CA009142-27; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / T32 CA009142-22S1; None / None / / T32 CA009142-24; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / T32 CA009142; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / U01 CA096134; None / None / / T32 CA009142-23; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / T32 CA009142-29; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / P50 CA090388-010001; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / CA77954; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / T32 CA009142-26A1; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / R03 CA077954-02; United States / NIEHS NIH HHS / ES / R21 ES011667-03; None / None / / T32 CA009142-25; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / P50 CA090388-020001; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / R03 CA077954; United States / NIEHS NIH HHS / ES / R21 ES011667; United States / NIEHS NIH HHS / ES / ES01167; United States / NIEHS NIH HHS / ES / R21 ES011667-01; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / CA077954-02; None / None / / T32 CA009142-21A1; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / CA90833; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / T32 CA009142-28; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / T32 CA009142-23; United States / NIDA NIH HHS / DA / R01 DA011386-05; United States / NIEHS NIH HHS / ES / R21 ES011667-02; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / T32 CA009142-24; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / R01 CA090833; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / P50 CA090388; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / CA09142; None / None / / T32 CA009142-29; United States / NIEHS NIH HHS / ES / ES06718
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ NIHMS83467; NLM/ PMC2664075
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63. Karantanis D, Subramaniam RM, Peller PJ, Lowe VJ, Durski JM, Collins DA, Georgiou E, Ansell SM, Wiseman GA: The value of [(18)F]fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography/computed tomography in extranodal natural killer/T-cell lymphoma. Clin Lymphoma Myeloma; 2008 Apr;8(2):94-9
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  • PET/CT appears to be sensitive for the detection of disease in the nasopharynx and, to a lesser extent, in extranasal sites.

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  • (PMID = 18501102.001).
  • [ISSN] 1557-9190
  • [Journal-full-title] Clinical lymphoma & myeloma
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Clin Lymphoma Myeloma
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Radioisotopes; 0Z5B2CJX4D / Fluorodeoxyglucose F18
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64. Peer FI, Pui MH, Mosam A, Rae WI: 99mTc-MIBI imaging of cutaneous AIDS-associated Kaposi's sarcoma. Int J Dermatol; 2007 Feb;46(2):166-71
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  • BACKGROUND: Kapoksi's sarcoma (KS) is a common neoplasm complicating acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS).
  • Kaposi's sarcoma has been demonstrated by scintigraphy, and a (99m)Tc-hexakis-2-methoxy isobutyl isonitrile (MIBI) scan can demonstrate lymphoma and tumors of the brain, nasopharynx, thyroid, parathyroid, lung, breast and kidney.
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Aged. Extremities. Female. Humans. Lymphatic Metastasis / radionuclide imaging. Lymphedema / complications. Lymphedema / radionuclide imaging. Male. Middle Aged. Neoplasm Staging. Whole Body Imaging


65. Zhang B, Shi Y, Liu M: [Treatment of nasopharyngeal atresia with dual U-shaped mucosal flap repair and local dilatation]. Lin Chung Er Bi Yan Hou Tou Jing Wai Ke Za Zhi; 2010 Nov;24(21):966-7
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  • [Title] [Treatment of nasopharyngeal atresia with dual U-shaped mucosal flap repair and local dilatation].
  • OBJECTIVE: The aim of current work was to investigate the methodology and effect of dual U-shaped mucosal flap repair plus local dilatation for the treatment of nasopharyngeal atresia.
  • METHOD: Nine patients with nasopharyngeal stenosis were treated with dual U-shaped flap to repair the wound of retropharyngeal and soft palate mucosa. and then dilated by implanting a silicone tube.
  • The transverse diameter of nasopharynx maintained at about 2.0 - 2.5 cm, and anteroposterior diameter at about 1.0 cm.
  • CONCLUSION: U-shaped mucosal flap repair with local dilatation is an effective method for treatment of nasopharyngeal atresia.
  • [MeSH-major] Mouth Mucosa / transplantation. Nasopharyngeal Diseases / surgery. Reconstructive Surgical Procedures / methods. Surgical Flaps

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  • (PMID = 21261014.001).
  • [ISSN] 1001-1781
  • [Journal-full-title] Lin chuang er bi yan hou tou jing wai ke za zhi = Journal of clinical otorhinolaryngology, head, and neck surgery
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Lin Chung Er Bi Yan Hou Tou Jing Wai Ke Za Zhi
  • [Language] chi
  • [Publication-type] English Abstract; Evaluation Studies; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] China
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66. Wang CP, Chang YL, Ting LL, Yang TL, Ko JY, Lou PJ: Malignant fibrous histiocytoma of the sinonasal tract. Head Neck; 2009 Jan;31(1):85-93
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  • METHODS: Twenty-five patients were registered with a diagnosis of sinonasal MFH at our hospital in the past 30 years.
  • RESULTS: Eight tumors were primary MFH and 17 tumors were post-irradiated MFH, located within the radiation field for previous nasopharyngeal carcinoma.
  • Twenty-one tumors originated from the maxillary sinus, 3 from the nasopharynx, and 1 from the nasal cavity.
  • [MeSH-major] Head and Neck Neoplasms / mortality. Histiocytoma, Malignant Fibrous / mortality. Nasopharyngeal Neoplasms / radiotherapy. Neoplasms, Radiation-Induced / mortality

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  • [Copyright] (c) 2008 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. Head Neck, 2009.
  • (PMID = 18853446.001).
  • [ISSN] 1097-0347
  • [Journal-full-title] Head & neck
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Head Neck
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] United States
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67. Grubb BR, Rogers TD, Boucher RC, Ostrowski LE: Ion transport across CF and normal murine olfactory and ciliated epithelium. Am J Physiol Cell Physiol; 2009 Jun;296(6):C1301-9
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  • We compared the bioelectric properties of isolated OE from the nasal cavity and CE from the nasopharynx in Ussing chamber studies.
  • By potential difference assay, hyperabsorption of Na(+) (CF vs. WT) and the difference in response to apical 0 Cl(-) buffer (CF vs. WT) were approximately 2-fold greater in the nasal cavity compared with the nasopharynx.
  • Thus, while the murine CF nasal epithelium is a valuable model for CF studies, the bioelectrics are likely dominated by the signals from the OE, and assays of the nasopharynx may be more specific for studying the ciliated epithelium.
  • [MeSH-major] Chlorides / metabolism. Cystic Fibrosis / metabolism. Nasal Cavity / metabolism. Nasopharynx / metabolism. Olfactory Mucosa / metabolism. Respiratory Mucosa / metabolism. Sodium / metabolism

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  • (PMID = 19321738.001).
  • [ISSN] 0363-6143
  • [Journal-full-title] American journal of physiology. Cell physiology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Am. J. Physiol., Cell Physiol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Grant] United States / NIDDK NIH HHS / DK / P30 DK065988; United States / NHLBI NIH HHS / HL / HL-70199; United States / NIDDK NIH HHS / DK / P30 DK-065988; United States / NHLBI NIH HHS / HL / PPG HL-34322
  • [Publication-type] Comparative Study; Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Chlorides; 1F7A44V6OU / Colforsin; 7DZO8EB0Z3 / Amiloride; 9NEZ333N27 / Sodium
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC2692423
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68. Insler SR, Sessler DI: Perioperative thermoregulation and temperature monitoring. Anesthesiol Clin; 2006 Dec;24(4):823-37
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  • In a cold operating room environment, hypothermia is the usual perioperative consequence; however, hyperthermia is more dangerous and demands immediate diagnosis.
  • Sites that are accessible during surgery and give an accurate reflection of core temperature include esophageal, nasopharynx, bladder, and rectal sites.

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  • (PMID = 17342966.001).
  • [ISSN] 1932-2275
  • [Journal-full-title] Anesthesiology clinics
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Anesthesiol Clin
  • [Language] eng
  • [Grant] United States / NIGMS NIH HHS / GM / GM 061655
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't; Review
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Number-of-references] 43
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69. Abdullah B, Alias A, Hassan S: Challenges in the management of nasopharyngeal carcinoma: a review. Malays J Med Sci; 2009 Oct;16(4):50-4
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  • [Title] Challenges in the management of nasopharyngeal carcinoma: a review.
  • Nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC) is a non-lymphomatous, squamous cell carcinoma that occurs in the epithelial lining of the nasopharynx, an area that shows varying degrees of differentiation.

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  • (PMID = 22135512.001).
  • [ISSN] 1394-195X
  • [Journal-full-title] The Malaysian journal of medical sciences : MJMS
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Malays J Med Sci
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Malaysia
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC3216136
  • [Keywords] NOTNLM ; challenges / management / medical sciences / nasopharyngeal carcinoma
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70. Muñoz-Almagro C, Selva L, Pallares R: Influence of pneumococcal vaccine on the incidence of empyema. Curr Opin Pulm Med; 2010 Jul;16(4):394-8
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  • The introduction of heptavalent pneumococcal conjugate vaccine has been associated with the replacement phenomenon in the nasopharynx.
  • Replacement implies that nonvaccine serotypes acquire an ecological advantage for colonizing the nasopharynx and, consequently, increase the carriage status and, in a second step, the disease.
  • [MeSH-minor] Carrier State. Heptavalent Pneumococcal Conjugate Vaccine. Humans. Nasopharynx / microbiology

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  • (PMID = 20531084.001).
  • [ISSN] 1531-6971
  • [Journal-full-title] Current opinion in pulmonary medicine
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Curr Opin Pulm Med
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Heptavalent Pneumococcal Conjugate Vaccine; 0 / Pneumococcal Vaccines
  • [Number-of-references] 51
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71. Marcié S, Charpiot E, Bensadoun RJ, Ciais G, Hérault J, Costa A, Gérard JP: In vivo measurements with MOSFET detectors in oropharynx and nasopharynx intensity-modulated radiation therapy. Int J Radiat Oncol Biol Phys; 2005 Apr 1;61(5):1603-6
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  • [Title] In vivo measurements with MOSFET detectors in oropharynx and nasopharynx intensity-modulated radiation therapy.
  • PURPOSE: To evaluate the feasibility of in vivo measurements with metal oxide semiconductor field effect transistor (MOSFET) dosimeters for oropharynx and nasopharynx intensity-modulated radiation therapy (IMRT).
  • CONCLUSION: Our experience demonstrates the feasibility of in vivo measurements with MOSFET dosimeters for oropharynx and nasopharynx IMRT.
  • [MeSH-major] Nasopharyngeal Neoplasms / radiotherapy. Oropharyngeal Neoplasms / radiotherapy. Radiotherapy Dosage. Radiotherapy, Conformal / methods. Semiconductors

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  • [CommentIn] Int J Radiat Oncol Biol Phys. 2005 Sep 1;63(1):310-1; author reply 311 [16111605.001]
  • (PMID = 15817369.001).
  • [ISSN] 0360-3016
  • [Journal-full-title] International journal of radiation oncology, biology, physics
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Int. J. Radiat. Oncol. Biol. Phys.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Evaluation Studies; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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72. Cheung MC, Perez EA, Molina MA, Jin X, Gutierrez JC, Franceschi D, Livingstone AS, Koniaris LG: Defining the role of surgery for primary gastrointestinal tract melanoma. J Gastrointest Surg; 2008 Apr;12(4):731-8
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  • Tumors were identified in the oral-nasopharynx (32.8%), anal canal (31.4%), rectum (22.2%), esophagus (5.9%), stomach (2.7%), small bowel (2.3%), gallbladder (1.4%), and large bowel (0.9%).
  • Univariate analysis demonstrated age, tumor location, stage, surgery, and lymph node status were significant predictors of improved survival.
  • Multivariate analysis of the cohort identified that location, advanced tumor stage, failure to undertake surgical resection, positive lymph node status, and age were all independent predictors of poorer outcome.
  • CONCLUSION: PGIM occurs most often in the oral-nasopharynx and anal canal.

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  • [Cites] J Am Coll Surg. 2006 Apr;202(4):623-9 [16571433.001]
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  • (PMID = 18058185.001).
  • [ISSN] 1091-255X
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of gastrointestinal surgery : official journal of the Society for Surgery of the Alimentary Tract
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Gastrointest. Surg.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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73. Daoud J, Siala W, Guermazi F, Besbes M, Frikha M, Ghorbel M, Drira M, Abid M: [Hypothyroidism following cervical irradiation in the management of carcinoma of the nasopharynx and of the breast: a prospective study on eighty-four cases]. Cancer Radiother; 2005 May;9(3):140-7
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  • [Title] [Hypothyroidism following cervical irradiation in the management of carcinoma of the nasopharynx and of the breast: a prospective study on eighty-four cases].
  • [Transliterated title] Hypothyroïdie après irradiation cervicale dans le traitement des cancers du nasopharynx et du sein: étude prospective à propos de 84 patients.
  • PURPOSE: 1/ To evaluate the incidence of hypothyroidism following radiotherapy in the management of breast and nasopharyngeal carcinomas, 2/ to define the role of a systematic post therapeutic screening.
  • Selected patients had either a mammary (37 cases) or a nasopharyngeal (47 cases) carcinoma.
  • Five patients (11%), with a nasopharyngeal carcinoma, presented also with associated pituitary failure.
  • Possible predictive factors were evaluated: age of the time of radiation, gender, percentage of irradiated thyroid, total dose, dose per fraction, tumour type and chemotherapy.
  • [MeSH-major] Breast Neoplasms / radiotherapy. Carcinoma / radiotherapy. Hypothyroidism / etiology. Nasopharyngeal Neoplasms / radiotherapy. Radiation Injuries

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  • (PMID = 15946882.001).
  • [ISSN] 1278-3218
  • [Journal-full-title] Cancer radiothérapie : journal de la Société française de radiothérapie oncologique
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Cancer Radiother
  • [Language] fre
  • [Publication-type] English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] France
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Thyroid Hormones
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74. McGovern SL, Williams MD, Weber RS, Sabichi A, Chambers MS, Martin JW, Chao KS: Three synchronous HPV-associated squamous cell carcinomas of Waldeyer's ring: case report and comparison with Slaughter's model of field cancerization. Head Neck; 2010 Aug;32(8):1118-24
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  • METHODS: We report the case of a 46-year-old man with 3 simultaneous primary malignancies of Waldeyer's ring: HPV-positive SCC of both tonsils and the nasopharynx, with bilateral neck metastases.

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  • [Copyright] 2009 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. Head Neck, 2009.
  • (PMID = 19572386.001).
  • [ISSN] 1097-0347
  • [Journal-full-title] Head & neck
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Head Neck
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Comparative Study; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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75. Haynes KJ, Anderson SE, Laszlo MP: Nasopharyngeal trichobezoar foreign body in a cat. J Feline Med Surg; 2010 Nov;12(11):878-81
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  • [Title] Nasopharyngeal trichobezoar foreign body in a cat.
  • However, a soft tissue mass was noted in the nasopharynx on a lateral cervical radiograph.
  • Nasopharyngeal examination revealed the mass to be a trichobezoar (hair ball) lodged in the nasopharynx, removal of which led to resolution of clinical signs.
  • The cat re-presented with a second nasopharyngeal trichobezoar approximately 1 year later, which was also successfully removed.
  • CLINICAL SIGNIFICANCE: Nasopharyngeal disease has myriad potential infectious, inflammatory and neoplastic etiologies.
  • However, simpler causes such as foreign bodies can be considered in cases of acute-onset nasopharyngeal disease.
  • To the authors' knowledge, this is the first reported case of a nasopharyngeal trichobezoar foreign body in a cat.
  • [MeSH-major] Bezoars / veterinary. Nasopharynx
  • [MeSH-minor] Animals. Cats. Diagnosis, Differential. Endoscopy / veterinary. Male

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  • [Copyright] Copyright © 2010 ISFM and AAFP. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
  • (PMID = 20974406.001).
  • [ISSN] 1532-2750
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of feline medicine and surgery
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Feline Med. Surg.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] England
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76. Hui L, Yan A, Yu G: [Assessment of adenoid size in children by flexible fibrescope examination]. Lin Chuang Er Bi Yan Hou Ke Za Zhi; 2006 Feb;20(4):166-8
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  • METHOD: In this study, the flexible fibrescope examination of the nasal cavity and nasopharynx and a lateral skull radiograph examination were performed in 130 children with snoring and the same examinations were performed in another 30 children without snoring.
  • CONCLUSION: The application of the flexible fibrescope examination of the nasal cavity and nasopharynx has proved to be of great clinical value, especially in the selection of children for adenoidectomy.
  • [MeSH-minor] Adolescent. Case-Control Studies. Child. Child, Preschool. Female. Humans. Hypertrophy / diagnosis. Male. Snoring

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  • (PMID = 16711442.001).
  • [Journal-full-title] Lin chuang er bi yan hou ke za zhi = Journal of clinical otorhinolaryngology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Lin Chuang Er Bi Yan Hou Ke Za Zhi
  • [Language] chi
  • [Publication-type] English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] China
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77. Smith JE, Ducic Y, Adelson R: The utility of the temporalis muscle flap for oropharyngeal, base of tongue, and nasopharyngeal reconstruction. Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg; 2005 Mar;132(3):373-80
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  • [Title] The utility of the temporalis muscle flap for oropharyngeal, base of tongue, and nasopharyngeal reconstruction.
  • OBJECTIVE: To determine the efficacy of temporalis muscle flap reconstruction of various defects of the oropharynx, nasopharynx, and base of tongue.
  • STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective chart review of a consecutive series of 24 patients who underwent a total of 26 temporalis flaps (2 bilateral) by the senior author (Y.D.) from September 1997 to August 2003 for reconstruction of defects of the oropharynx, nasopharynx, and base of tongue.
  • CONCLUSION: The temporalis muscle flap represents an excellent alternative in reconstruction of otherwise difficult-to-reconstruct defects of the nasopharynx, oropharynx, and base of tongue.
  • [MeSH-major] Nasopharynx / surgery. Oropharynx / surgery. Reconstructive Surgical Procedures / methods. Surgical Flaps. Tongue / surgery

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  • (PMID = 15746846.001).
  • [ISSN] 0194-5998
  • [Journal-full-title] Otolaryngology--head and neck surgery : official journal of American Academy of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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78. Timoney JF, Kumar P: Early pathogenesis of equine Streptococcus equi infection (strangles). Equine Vet J; 2008 Nov;40(7):637-42
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  • RESULTS: Tonsillar tissues of both the oro- and nasopharynx served as portals of entry.
  • CONCLUSIONS: Although very small numbers of S. equi entered the lingual and nasopharyngeal tonsils, carriage to regional lymph nodes occurred within hours of inoculation.

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  • (PMID = 19165932.001).
  • [ISSN] 0425-1644
  • [Journal-full-title] Equine veterinary journal
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Equine Vet. J.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] England
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79. Hasukić B, Brkić F, Kapidzić A, Skokić F: [Quality of life in children with obstructive sleep apnea after adenotonsillectomy]. Med Arh; 2008;62(1):30-3
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  • The adenoid size was estimated by palpation or/and X-ray examination of nasopharynx.

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  • (PMID = 18543751.001).
  • [Journal-full-title] Medicinski arhiv
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Med Arh
  • [Language] bos
  • [Publication-type] English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Bosnia and Herzegovina
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80. Melles DC, Bogaert D, Gorkink RF, Peeters JK, Moorhouse MJ, Ott A, van Leeuwen WB, Simons G, Verbrugh HA, Hermans PW, van Belkum A: Nasopharyngeal co-colonization with Staphylococcus aureus and Streptococcus pneumoniae in children is bacterial genotype independent. Microbiology; 2007 Mar;153(Pt 3):686-92
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  • [Title] Nasopharyngeal co-colonization with Staphylococcus aureus and Streptococcus pneumoniae in children is bacterial genotype independent.
  • Bacterial interference between Staphylococcus aureus and Streptococcus pneumoniae in the nasopharynx has been observed during colonization, which might have important clinical implications for the widespread use of pneumococcal conjugate vaccine in young children.
  • Children (n=3198) were sampled in the nasopharynx to detect carriage of Staph. aureus, Strep. pneumoniae and Neisseria meningitidis. Staph. aureus genotypes and pneumococcal sero- and genotypes were determined.
  • [MeSH-major] Carrier State / microbiology. Nasopharynx / microbiology. Pneumococcal Infections / microbiology. Staphylococcal Infections / microbiology. Staphylococcus aureus / genetics. Streptococcus pneumoniae / genetics

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  • (PMID = 17322188.001).
  • [ISSN] 1350-0872
  • [Journal-full-title] Microbiology (Reading, England)
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Microbiology (Reading, Engl.)
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] England
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81. Benazzo M, Bertino G, Gatti P, Alessiani M, Occhini A, Spasiano R: Atypical reconstructions with free jejunum flap after circumferential pharyngolaryngectomy. Microsurgery; 2007;27(1):17-20
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  • The ideal reconstruction after circumferential pharyngolaryngectomy is represented by the jejunum free flap, but when the resection extends to the oro- or nasopharynx, the discrepancy between the lumen of the flap and the pharyngeal defect represents a disadvantage.
  • The choice must be tailored to the single patient, bearing in mind the degree of the defect, the stage of the tumor removed, the general conditions of the patient, and personal surgical experience.

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  • [Copyright] (c) 2007 Wiley-Liss, Inc.
  • (PMID = 17205579.001).
  • [ISSN] 0738-1085
  • [Journal-full-title] Microsurgery
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Microsurgery
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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82. Xiang B, Yi M, Wang L, Liu W, Zhang W, Ouyang J, Peng Y, Li W, Yin D, Zhou M, Liu H, Wu M, Wang R, Li X, Li G: Preparation of polyclonal antibody specific for NOR1 and detection of its expression pattern in human tissues and nasopharyngeal carcinoma. Acta Biochim Biophys Sin (Shanghai); 2009 Sep;41(9):754-62
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  • [Title] Preparation of polyclonal antibody specific for NOR1 and detection of its expression pattern in human tissues and nasopharyngeal carcinoma.
  • Oxidored-nitro domain containing protein 1 (NOR1) gene is a novel nitroreductase gene first isolated from nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC).
  • Overexpression of the wild-type NOR1 gene in nasopharyngeal carcinoma cells is effective to inhibit cell growth and proliferation.
  • The results showed that NOR1 protein is predominantly expressed in human nasopharynx and tracheal tissues.
  • [MeSH-major] Biomarkers, Tumor / metabolism. Gene Expression Profiling / methods. Immunoassay / methods. Membrane Transport Proteins / metabolism. Nasopharyngeal Neoplasms / genetics. Nasopharyngeal Neoplasms / metabolism. Neoplasm Proteins / metabolism

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  • (PMID = 19727524.001).
  • [ISSN] 1745-7270
  • [Journal-full-title] Acta biochimica et biophysica Sinica
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Acta Biochim. Biophys. Sin. (Shanghai)
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] China
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Antibodies, Monoclonal; 0 / Biomarkers, Tumor; 0 / Membrane Transport Proteins; 0 / Neoplasm Proteins; 0 / OSCP1 protein, human
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83. Hamdan AL, Geara F, Rameh C, Husseini ST, Eid T, Fuleihan N: Vocal changes following radiotherapy to the head and neck for non-laryngeal tumors. Eur Arch Otorhinolaryngol; 2009 Sep;266(9):1435-9
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  • The most common primary site of tumor was the nasopharynx and tongue.

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  • (PMID = 19319555.001).
  • [ISSN] 1434-4726
  • [Journal-full-title] European archives of oto-rhino-laryngology : official journal of the European Federation of Oto-Rhino-Laryngological Societies (EUFOS) : affiliated with the German Society for Oto-Rhino-Laryngology - Head and Neck Surgery
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Eur Arch Otorhinolaryngol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Germany
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84. Noussios G, Skouras A, Chouridis P, Argyriou N, Gougousis S, Kontzoglou G: [The use of acoustic rhinometry for the assessment of adenoid hypertrophy: a clinical study]. Acta Otorrinolaringol Esp; 2008 Nov;59(9):433-7
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  • [Transliterated title] Rinometría acústica en la valoración de la hipertrofia adenoidea. Estudio clínico.
  • RESULTS: As shown by acoustic rhinometry, the change of the cross-sectional area of the nasopharynx was 59.43% on average.
  • [MeSH-minor] Child. Child, Preschool. Female. Humans. Hypertrophy / pathology. Male. Nasopharynx / pathology. Severity of Illness Index

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  • (PMID = 19080773.001).
  • [ISSN] 0001-6519
  • [Journal-full-title] Acta otorrinolaringológica española
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Acta Otorrinolaringol Esp
  • [Language] spa
  • [Publication-type] English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Spain
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85. Rózańska-Kudelska M, Maksimowicz T, Sieśkiewicz A: [B-cell lymphoma of the nose cavity--case report]. Otolaryngol Pol; 2008;62(4):496-9
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  • Large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) are frequent in mediastinum, nasopharynx, stomach and retroperitoneal space.
  • Immunochemotherapy (4 courses of R-CHOP) and radiotherapy were given with full remission of the tumor.

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  • (PMID = 18837234.001).
  • [ISSN] 0030-6657
  • [Journal-full-title] Otolaryngologia polska = The Polish otolaryngology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Otolaryngol Pol
  • [Language] pol
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Poland
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86. Newton JR, Laxton R, Wood JL, Chanter N: Molecular epidemiology of Streptococcus zooepidemicus infection in naturally occurring equine respiratory disease. Vet J; 2008 Mar;175(3):338-45
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  • Weekly nasopharyngeal and tracheal lavage samplings over a 10-week period were conducted in 29 ponies.
  • Two PCR typing methods based on characterisation of the M-protein hypervariable (HV) region and the 16S-23S rRNA gene intergenic spacer were then applied to isolates of S. zooepidemicus recovered from nasopharyngeal swab and tracheal wash samples. S. zooepidemicus infection was highly prevalent during the study, being isolated from 94% of tracheal washes and 88% of nasopharyngeal swabs.
  • Among 39 different S. zooepidemicus types isolated, more were isolated from the trachea (n=33) than the nasopharynx (n=27).
  • [MeSH-minor] Animals. DNA Primers. DNA, Bacterial / analysis. England / epidemiology. Female. Horses. Male. Nasopharynx / microbiology. Polymerase Chain Reaction / veterinary. Prevalence. Trachea / microbiology

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  • (PMID = 17433734.001).
  • [ISSN] 1090-0233
  • [Journal-full-title] Veterinary journal (London, England : 1997)
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Vet. J.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / DNA Primers; 0 / DNA, Bacterial
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87. Koutcher L, Lee N, Zelefsky M, Chan K, Cohen G, Pfister D, Kraus D, Wolden S: Reirradiation of locally recurrent nasopharynx cancer with external beam radiotherapy with or without brachytherapy. Int J Radiat Oncol Biol Phys; 2010 Jan 1;76(1):130-7
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  • [Title] Reirradiation of locally recurrent nasopharynx cancer with external beam radiotherapy with or without brachytherapy.
  • PURPOSE: To determine survival rates of patients with locally recurrent nasopharynx cancer (LRNPC) treated with modern therapeutic modalities.
  • [MeSH-major] Nasopharyngeal Neoplasms / radiotherapy. Neoplasm Recurrence, Local / radiotherapy
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Aged. Antineoplastic Agents / therapeutic use. Brachytherapy / adverse effects. Brachytherapy / methods. Cisplatin / therapeutic use. Combined Modality Therapy / methods. Female. Humans. Male. Middle Aged. Neoplasm Staging. Radiation Injuries / etiology. Radiation Injuries / pathology. Radiotherapy Dosage. Radiotherapy, Intensity-Modulated / adverse effects. Retreatment / methods. Survival Rate. Time Factors

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  • (PMID = 19467802.001).
  • [ISSN] 1879-355X
  • [Journal-full-title] International journal of radiation oncology, biology, physics
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Int. J. Radiat. Oncol. Biol. Phys.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Antineoplastic Agents; Q20Q21Q62J / Cisplatin
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88. de Bree R, Lips P, Leemans CR: The need for patients' endocrine function vigilance following treatment of head and neck cancer. Curr Opin Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg; 2008 Apr;16(2):154-7
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  • The incidence of hypopituitarism after irradiation of the nasopharynx or skull base is very high warranting regular evaluation of endocrine functions.
  • SUMMARY: Owing to the high incidence of endocrine dysfunction, all head and neck cancer patients who undergo treatment of the lower neck, nasopharynx or base of skull need regular endocrine evaluation during long-term follow-up to determine the need to start hormone replacement therapy and maintain optimal quality of life.
  • [MeSH-major] Head and Neck Neoplasms / therapy. Hypoparathyroidism / diagnosis. Hypopituitarism / diagnosis. Hypothyroidism / diagnosis

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  • (PMID = 18327035.001).
  • [ISSN] 1531-6998
  • [Journal-full-title] Current opinion in otolaryngology & head and neck surgery
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Curr Opin Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Number-of-references] 14
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89. Manco S, Hernon F, Yesilkaya H, Paton JC, Andrew PW, Kadioglu A: Pneumococcal neuraminidases A and B both have essential roles during infection of the respiratory tract and sepsis. Infect Immun; 2006 Jul;74(7):4014-20
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  • Our studies have shown that in vivo a neuraminidase A mutant is cleared from the nasopharynx, trachea, and lungs within 12 h postinfection, while a neuraminidase B mutant persists but does not increase in either the nasopharynx, trachea, or lungs.

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  • (PMID = 16790774.001).
  • [ISSN] 0019-9567
  • [Journal-full-title] Infection and immunity
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Infect. Immun.
  • [Language] ENG
  • [Grant] United Kingdom / Wellcome Trust / /
  • [Publication-type] Comparative Study; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Isoenzymes; EC 3.2.1.18 / Neuraminidase
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC1489734
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90. Collie RB, Collie MJ: Extracranial thyroid-stimulating hormone-secreting ectopic pituitary adenoma of the nasopharynx. Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg; 2005 Sep;133(3):453-4
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  • [Title] Extracranial thyroid-stimulating hormone-secreting ectopic pituitary adenoma of the nasopharynx.
  • [MeSH-major] ACTH Syndrome, Ectopic / diagnosis. Adenoma / diagnosis. Adenoma / secretion. Choristoma / diagnosis. Nasopharyngeal Neoplasms / diagnosis. Nasopharyngeal Neoplasms / secretion. Pituitary Gland. Thyrotropin / secretion

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  • (PMID = 16143200.001).
  • [ISSN] 0194-5998
  • [Journal-full-title] Otolaryngology--head and neck surgery : official journal of American Academy of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 9002-71-5 / Thyrotropin
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91. Cunsolo E, Marchioni D, Leo G, Incorvaia C, Presutti L: Functional anatomy of the Eustachian tube. Int J Immunopathol Pharmacol; 2010 Jan-Mar;23(1 Suppl):4-7
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  • ET is normally closed, and it opens only during swallowing, being essential for good functioning of the middle ear, because it provides ventilation from the nasopharynx to the middle ear, and, at the same time, clearance of secretions from the middle ear-mastoid unit to the nasopharynx.
  • Moreover, the ET protects the middle ear against nasopharyngeal pressure variations, ascending secretions, and microorganisms.
  • [MeSH-minor] Cartilage / anatomy & histology. Cartilage / physiology. Humans. Mucous Membrane / physiology. Nasopharynx / physiology

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  • (PMID = 20152070.001).
  • [ISSN] 0394-6320
  • [Journal-full-title] International journal of immunopathology and pharmacology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Int J Immunopathol Pharmacol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] Italy
  • [Number-of-references] 28
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92. Baumgartner WA, Storey ES, Paulsen DB: Bilateral intraocular glandular choristomas in a Thoroughbred foal. Vet Ophthalmol; 2009 Mar-Apr;12(2):106-14
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  • Morphological, histochemical, and immunohistochemical comparisons were made between ocular choristomatous tissues from this foal and lacrimal gland, third eyelid gland, nasopharynx, trachea, and lacrimal sac/nasolacrimal duct from normal horses.

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  • (PMID = 19261166.001).
  • [ISSN] 1463-5224
  • [Journal-full-title] Veterinary ophthalmology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Vet Ophthalmol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] England
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93. Sharma A, Mohanti BK, Thakar A, Bahadur S, Bhasker S: Concomitant chemoradiation versus radical radiotherapy in advanced squamous cell carcinoma of oropharynx and nasopharynx using weekly cisplatin: a phase II randomized trial. Ann Oncol; 2010 Nov;21(11):2272-7
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  • [Title] Concomitant chemoradiation versus radical radiotherapy in advanced squamous cell carcinoma of oropharynx and nasopharynx using weekly cisplatin: a phase II randomized trial.
  • BACKGROUND: To know the effectiveness and tolerance of weekly cisplatin added to radiotherapy (RT) in advanced carcinoma of oropharynx and nasopharynx.

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  • (PMID = 20427350.001).
  • [ISSN] 1569-8041
  • [Journal-full-title] Annals of oncology : official journal of the European Society for Medical Oncology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Ann. Oncol.
  • [Language] ENG
  • [Publication-type] Clinical Trial, Phase II; Comparative Study; Journal Article; Randomized Controlled Trial; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Antineoplastic Agents; Q20Q21Q62J / Cisplatin
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94. Fernández-Valencia JA, García S, Prat S: Pasteurella multocida septic shock after a cat scratch in an elderly otherwise healthy woman: a case report. Am J Emerg Med; 2008 Mar;26(3):380.e1-3
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  • Pasteurella multocida, a gram-negative coccobacillus, is a commensal in the nasopharynx of many animals. P. multocida infections most commonly involve the skin, soft tissues, and respiratory tract, particularly in immunosuppressed patients.
  • [MeSH-minor] Aged. Animals. Anti-Bacterial Agents / therapeutic use. Cats. Diagnosis, Differential. Female. Humans. Imipenem / therapeutic use. Magnetic Resonance Imaging. Shoulder

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  • (PMID = 18358966.001).
  • [ISSN] 1532-8171
  • [Journal-full-title] The American journal of emergency medicine
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Am J Emerg Med
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Anti-Bacterial Agents; 71OTZ9ZE0A / Imipenem
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95. Agwu A, Brady KM, Ross T, Carroll KC, Halsey NA: Cholera-like diarrhea and shock associated with community-acquired methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (USA400 clone) pneumonia. Pediatr Infect Dis J; 2007 Mar;26(3):271-3
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  • Influenza A was detected from her nasopharynx and CA-MRSA (USA400), positive for pvl, mecA, sea, sec and seh genes was cultured from a deep tracheal aspirate.
  • [MeSH-major] Diarrhea / complications. Methicillin Resistance. Pneumonia, Bacterial / complications. Shock / complications. Staphylococcal Infections / diagnosis. Staphylococcus aureus / drug effects


96. Zhang L, Li S, Cai C: [Compare of CT scan of the nasopharynx in patients with obstructive sleep apnea-hypopnea syndrome and health]. Lin Chung Er Bi Yan Hou Tou Jing Wai Ke Za Zhi; 2010 Aug;24(16):746-9
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  • [Title] [Compare of CT scan of the nasopharynx in patients with obstructive sleep apnea-hypopnea syndrome and health].
  • OBJECTIVE: To explore the impact of nasopharynx and palatum durum on the pathogenesis and severity of OSAHS patients via CT scan, and to establish a foundation to select the suitable surgical procedures.
  • Successive CT scanning were undertaken from roof of nasopharynx to glottis and then the CT scan slices were reconstructed in sagittal plane through Efilm software.
  • The parameters were measured in the midline of the nasopharynx,the longest section of the hard palate and then were analyzed by t test.
  • The posterior nasal spine-culminating point of nasopharynx (PNS-R) and posterior space of hard palate (PNS-B) of OSAHS patients were less than those of normal adults.
  • The AHI of 24 OSAHS patients with smaller nasopharynx and longer hard palate were larger than that of the other 15 OSAHS patients, meanwhile the SaO2 of the former patients were lower than the latter.
  • CONCLUSION: Though the narrow of the upper airway in OSAHS patients mainly attribute to the nasopharynx, the nasopharyngeal size and the length of hard palate are also involved in the pathogenesis and severity of OSAHS and should be considered when choosing the surgical procedures.
  • [MeSH-major] Nasopharynx / radiography. Sleep Apnea, Obstructive / radiography

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  • (PMID = 21033103.001).
  • [ISSN] 1001-1781
  • [Journal-full-title] Lin chuang er bi yan hou tou jing wai ke za zhi = Journal of clinical otorhinolaryngology, head, and neck surgery
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Lin Chung Er Bi Yan Hou Tou Jing Wai Ke Za Zhi
  • [Language] chi
  • [Publication-type] English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] China
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97. Mitarnun W, Suwiwat S, Pradutkanchana J: Epstein-Barr virus-associated extranodal non-Hodgkin's lymphoma of the sinonasal tract and nasopharynx in Thailand. Asian Pac J Cancer Prev; 2006 Jan-Mar;7(1):91-4
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  • [Title] Epstein-Barr virus-associated extranodal non-Hodgkin's lymphoma of the sinonasal tract and nasopharynx in Thailand.
  • In the present research, we conducted a retrospective study of primary extranodal non-Hodgkin's lymphoma of the sinonasal tract (e-NHL-ST) and primary extranodal non-Hodgkin's lymphoma of the nasopharynx (e-NHL-NP) in Southern Thailand, between 1997 and 2004.
  • Two (5.4%) of the NHL-B cases in the nasopharynx showed EBER positive.
  • This study indicates a very strong association of NHL-T in the sinonasal tract or nasopharynx with EBV infection, the link apparently being weaker in NHL-B patients.
  • [MeSH-major] Herpesvirus 4, Human / isolation & purification. Lymphoma, Non-Hodgkin / epidemiology. Lymphoma, Non-Hodgkin / virology. Nasopharyngeal Neoplasms / virology. Paranasal Sinus Neoplasms / virology

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  • (PMID = 16629523.001).
  • [ISSN] 1513-7368
  • [Journal-full-title] Asian Pacific journal of cancer prevention : APJCP
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Asian Pac. J. Cancer Prev.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Comparative Study; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] Thailand
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / DNA, Viral
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98. Al-Saab F, Manoukian JJ, Al-Sabah B, Almot S, Nguyen LH, Tewfik TL, Daniel SJ, Schloss MD, Hamid QA: Linking laryngopharyngeal reflux to otitis media with effusion: pepsinogen study of adenoid tissue and middle ear fluid. J Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg; 2008 Aug;37(4):565-71
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  • To study the hypothesis that gastric juice reaches the middle ear through the nasopharynx and eustachian tube, we evaluated the presence of pepsinogen in the adenoid tissues of children with otitis media with effusion (OME) and compared them with the tissues of a control group of children without OME.
  • CONCLUSION: LPR plays an important role in the pathogenesis of OME as gastric reflux reaches the middle ear through the nasopharynx and eustachian tube to cause OME.
  • [MeSH-major] Gastroesophageal Reflux / complications. Gastroesophageal Reflux / diagnosis. Otitis Media with Effusion / etiology. Pepsinogen A / analysis

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  • (PMID = 19128594.001).
  • [ISSN] 1916-0216
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of otolaryngology - head & neck surgery = Le Journal d'oto-rhino-laryngologie et de chirurgie cervico-faciale
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] Canada
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Biomarkers; 9001-10-9 / Pepsinogen A
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99. Chande CA, Shrikhande SN, Jain DL, Kapale S, Chaudhary H, Powar RM: Prevalence of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus nasopharyngeal carriage in children from urban community at Nagpur. Indian J Public Health; 2009 Jul-Sep;53(3):196-8
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Prevalence of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus nasopharyngeal carriage in children from urban community at Nagpur.
  • We conducted a study to detect colonization rate of staphylococci in the nasopharynx in children and prevalence of MRSA nasopharyngeal carriage in pediatric population.
  • The study included 1300 nasopharyngeal swabs collected from school going children between six to ten years age from Nagpur urban community and inoculated on blood agar for isolation of staphylococci.
  • Staphylococci were isolated from nasopharynx of 138 (10.62%) children.
  • Nasopharyngeal carriage of staphylococcus aureus was detected in 7.38% children.
  • Methicillin Resistant Staphylococcus aureus nasopharyngeal carriage, though not at very high rate, is prevalent in the pediatric population in the community.
  • [MeSH-major] Methicillin-Resistant Staphylococcus aureus / isolation & purification. Nasopharynx / microbiology. Urban Population

  • MedlinePlus Health Information. consumer health - MRSA.
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  • (PMID = 20108888.001).
  • [ISSN] 0019-557X
  • [Journal-full-title] Indian journal of public health
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Indian J Public Health
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] India
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100. Catry B, Croubels S, Schwarz S, Deprez P, Cox B, Kehrenberg C, Opsomer G, Decostere A, Haesebrouck F: Influence of systemic fluoroquinolone administration on the presence of Pasteurella multocida in the upper respiratory tract of clinically healthy calves. Acta Vet Scand; 2008;50:36
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • In the enrofloxacin treated calves, P. multocida was not demonstrated in the nasopharynx from 48 h after the first injection until two days after the last administration, when P. multocida reappeared and proved to be clonal in nature to the original isolates.
  • Remarkably, the respiratory pathogen Arcanobacterium pyogenes became the predominant recovered organism in the nasopharynx of one animal following enrofloxacin therapy throughout the remaining of the experiment.
  • [MeSH-major] Anti-Bacterial Agents / pharmacology. Cattle / microbiology. Fluoroquinolones / pharmacology. Nasopharynx / microbiology. Pasteurella multocida / growth & development

  • MedlinePlus Health Information. consumer health - Antibiotics.
  • Hazardous Substances Data Bank. ENROFLOXACIN .
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  • (PMID = 18808692.001).
  • [ISSN] 1751-0147
  • [Journal-full-title] Acta veterinaria Scandinavica
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Acta Vet. Scand.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Randomized Controlled Trial
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Anti-Bacterial Agents; 0 / Fluoroquinolones; 3DX3XEK1BN / enrofloxacin
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC2556673
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