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Items 1 to 75 of about 75
1. Agrawal A, Kumar A, Sinha AK, Kumar B, Sabira KC: Chondroid syringoma. Singapore Med J; 2008 Feb;49(2):e33-4
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Chondroid syringoma.
  • Pleomorphic adenoma, or chondroid syringoma (CS), is a rare, benign, skin appendageal tumour.
  • Because of the unremarkable clinical presentation of this rare tumour, the diagnosis is made on microscopic examination.
  • In the evaluation of a middle-aged male patient with a small cutaneous nodule in the head and neck region, chondroid syringoma should also be considered in the differential diagnosis.

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  • (PMID = 18301822.001).
  • [ISSN] 0037-5675
  • [Journal-full-title] Singapore medical journal
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Singapore Med J
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Singapore
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2. Okuda H, Tei N, Shimizu K, Imazu T, Yoshimura K, Kiyohara H: Chondroid syringoma of the scrotum. Int J Urol; 2008 Oct;15(10):944-5
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  • [Title] Chondroid syringoma of the scrotum.
  • Excisional biopsy of the scrotal specimen revealed chondroid syringoma, a very rare benign tumor, more likely to occur in the head and neck region.
  • This is the eighth such case reported, and is an important type of scrotal tumor.

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  • (PMID = 19138288.001).
  • [ISSN] 1442-2042
  • [Journal-full-title] International journal of urology : official journal of the Japanese Urological Association
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Int. J. Urol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Australia
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3. Nath AK, Kumari R, Thappa DM: Eccrine spiradenoma with chondroid syringoma in Blaschkoid distribution. Indian J Dermatol Venereol Leprol; 2009 Nov-Dec;75(6):600-2
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Eccrine spiradenoma with chondroid syringoma in Blaschkoid distribution.
  • Eccrine spiradenoma (ES) very rarely presents in a linear or zosteriform distribution.
  • Histopathology revealed dermal lobules of ES with smaller foci of chondroid syringoma.

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  • (PMID = 19915242.001).
  • [ISSN] 0973-3922
  • [Journal-full-title] Indian journal of dermatology, venereology and leprology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Indian J Dermatol Venereol Leprol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] India
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4. Kasliwal N, Mukul S, Saini SB: Hanging drop deformity of the nose. Indian J Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg; 2006 Apr;58(2):200-1

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • A chondroid syringoma causing disfigurement of the nasal tip is reported.
  • It is a rare tumour which had to be approched with careful thought for cosmesis.

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  • [Cites] J Laryngol Otol. 1997 Sep;111(9):862-4 [9373555.001]
  • [Cites] Cancer. 1959 May-Jun;12(3):537-43 [13652101.001]
  • [Cites] Arch Dermatol. 1961 Nov;84:835-47 [13907712.001]
  • (PMID = 23120288.001).
  • [ISSN] 2231-3796
  • [Journal-full-title] Indian journal of otolaryngology and head and neck surgery : official publication of the Association of Otolaryngologists of India
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Indian J Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] India
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC3450770
  • [Keywords] NOTNLM ; Chondroid syringoma, nasal tip
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5. Hafezi-Bakhtiari S, Al-Habeeb A, Ghazarian D: Benign mixed tumor of the skin, hypercellular variant: a case report. J Cutan Pathol; 2010 Sep;37(9):e46-9
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Benign mixed tumor of the skin, hypercellular variant: a case report.
  • Microscopic examination showed a well-circumscribed dermally located tumor composed of ductal elements lined by double to multiple cell layers of bland cuboidal inner cells and elongated spindled outer cells with areas showing cribriform and solid growth patterns.
  • The overall morphology and immunohistochemical profile are that of a benign cutanoues mixed tumor (chondroid syringoma).
  • [MeSH-major] Adenoma, Pleomorphic / pathology. Skin Neoplasms / pathology
  • [MeSH-minor] Aged. Biomarkers, Tumor / metabolism. Cell Nucleus / metabolism. Cell Nucleus / pathology. Diagnosis, Differential. Epidermal Cyst / diagnosis. Humans. Immunohistochemistry. Male. Scalp

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  • (PMID = 19614993.001).
  • [ISSN] 1600-0560
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of cutaneous pathology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Cutan. Pathol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Denmark
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Biomarkers, Tumor
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6. López Campos D, Campos Bañales ME, López Aguado D: [Primary pleomorphic adenoma (chondroid syringoma) of the external auditory canal. Case report and literature review]. Acta Otorrinolaringol Esp; 2008 May;59(5):252-3
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] [Primary pleomorphic adenoma (chondroid syringoma) of the external auditory canal. Case report and literature review].
  • Chondroid syringoma of the external auditory canal is an extremely rare neoplasm, representing the cutaneous counterpart of pleomorphic adenoma of salivary glands.
  • This tumour is thought to derive from the apocrine duct of the folliculo-sebaceous-apocrine unit.
  • We report the case of a 68-year-old male in whom the clinical and radiological examinations showed a well-circumscribed tumour limited to the external auditory canal.

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  • (PMID = 18501163.001).
  • [ISSN] 0001-6519
  • [Journal-full-title] Acta otorrinolaringológica española
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Acta Otorrinolaringol Esp
  • [Language] spa
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; English Abstract; Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] Spain
  • [Number-of-references] 12
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7. Mebazaa A, Trabelsi S, Denguezli M, Sriha B, Belajouza C, Nouira R: Chondroid syringoma of the arm: an unusual localization. Dermatol Online J; 2006;12(1):14
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Chondroid syringoma of the arm: an unusual localization.
  • Chondroid syringoma (CS) is an uncommon, benign, sweat-gland tumor.
  • This tumor developed slowly over 8 years.
  • The diagnosis of CS was made by histopathological examination; it showed an abundant chondroid stroma intermingled with a fibro-adipoid tissue.
  • There was no recurrence after total excision of the tumor with a 2-year followup.
  • The unusual localization of chondroid syringoma made an accurate preoperative diagnosis difficult and diagnosis was achieved only by microscopy.
  • Surgical tumor excision remains the best therapeutic option to avoid relapses of this tumor.

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  • (PMID = 16638382.001).
  • [ISSN] 1087-2108
  • [Journal-full-title] Dermatology online journal
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Dermatol. Online J.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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8. Varsori M, Dettwiler S, Chaloupka K: [Eyelid chondroid syringoma: a case report]. J Fr Ophtalmol; 2007 Jan;30(1):e3
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] [Eyelid chondroid syringoma: a case report].
  • Chondroid syringoma is a rare benign skin tumor of the head and neck.
  • The lesion was surgically removed, and the histopathological examination showed a chondroid syringoma.

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  • (PMID = 17287665.001).
  • [ISSN] 1773-0597
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal français d'ophtalmologie
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Fr Ophtalmol
  • [Language] fre
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] France
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9. Smiri KH, Fenniche S, Marrak H, Daoud L, Debbiche A, Ben Ayed M, Mokhtar I: [Chondroid syringoma]. Tunis Med; 2005 Jun;83(6):372-4
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] [Chondroid syringoma].
  • All patients presented with a single painless skin lesion of about 1,5 cm on the face, lasting for 14 months on average.
  • Chondroid syringoma is a benign sweat gland tumor.
  • This lesion is electively located in the craniofacial area, made of a subcutaneous painless tumor measuring from 0.5 to 3 cm.
  • Diagnosis can always be confirmed by histology which shows tubuloalveolar and gland like structures with two or more cuboidal cell lines in a fibroadipoid or chondroid stroma that is positively stained for Alcian blue.
  • Mixed tumors have a slow course; their progress to malignancy is rare but possible.

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  • (PMID = 16156416.001).
  • [ISSN] 0041-4131
  • [Journal-full-title] La Tunisie médicale
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Tunis Med
  • [Language] fre
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Tunisia
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10. Sivamani R, Wadhera A, Craig E: Chondroid syringoma: case report and review of the literature. Dermatol Online J; 2006;12(5):8
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Chondroid syringoma: case report and review of the literature.
  • The lesion had been excised 4 years prior and was diagnosed as chondroid syringoma, but had gradually regrown.
  • Histopathological examination was again consistent with chondroid syringoma, and showed the following:.
  • 1) a chondroid matrix, 2) tubuloalveolar structures lined by a double epithelium, 3) ductal structures lined by a single epithelium, 4) nests of polygonal cells, and 5) the presence of keratinous cysts.
  • Chondroid syringoma is a rare mixed tumor of the skin that was first described by Hirsch and Helwig.
  • Characteristically, it is composed of a proliferation of epithelial cells set in a myxoid and chondroid matrix.
  • Although chondroid syringomas are predominantly benign, malignant forms have been reported.

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  • (PMID = 16962023.001).
  • [ISSN] 1087-2108
  • [Journal-full-title] Dermatology online journal
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Dermatol. Online J.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Number-of-references] 24
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11. Kerimoglu U, Aydingoz U, Ozkaya O, Aksu AE, Ergen FB: MRI of a benign chondroid syringoma. Br J Radiol; 2006 Aug;79(944):e59-61
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] MRI of a benign chondroid syringoma.
  • Chondroid syringoma, also known as mixed tumour of the skin, is a relatively rare, usually benign tumour.
  • A few malignant cases, especially in the lower extremities, have been published, but most of them behave in a benign fashion.
  • A case of a middle-aged woman with surgically proved chondroid syringoma in the pretibial region is presented in this report with MRI and histological findings.
  • Despite rapid growth over a short period of time and a location reportedly associated with malignancy, the histological features were benign.

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  • (PMID = 16861320.001).
  • [ISSN] 1748-880X
  • [Journal-full-title] The British journal of radiology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Br J Radiol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] England
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12. Kumar B: Chondroid syringoma diagnosed by fine needle aspiration cytology. Diagn Cytopathol; 2010 Jan;38(1):38-40
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Chondroid syringoma diagnosed by fine needle aspiration cytology.
  • Chondroid syringoma is a rare benign skin adnexal tumor of eccrine/apocrine origin affecting commonly the head and neck region.
  • It used to be previously called as mixed tumor of skin because of the presence of both the epithelial and mesenchymal components.
  • There are only few case reports describing the fine needle aspiration cytologic features of chondroid syringoma for diagnosis.
  • Overlying skin was normal, and the swelling was fixed to the skin but freely mobile over underlying structure.
  • On the basis of these cytologic features, a diagnosis of chondroid syringoma was made.
  • We concluded that Chondroid syringoma may be considered as a rare differential diagnosis in the swelling of head and neck region and the diagnosis can be easily confirmed or ruled out by means of fine needle aspiration cytology.

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  • [Copyright] (c) 2009 Wiley-Liss, Inc.
  • (PMID = 19693940.001).
  • [ISSN] 1097-0339
  • [Journal-full-title] Diagnostic cytopathology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Diagn. Cytopathol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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13. Choudhury M, Agarwal C, Aggarwal M, Pathania OP, Goel N: Clinicopathological profile of an unusual case of chondroid syringoma: a case report. Indian J Pathol Microbiol; 2007 Apr;50(2):349-51
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Clinicopathological profile of an unusual case of chondroid syringoma: a case report.
  • Chondroid syringoma or mixed tumor of the skin is an uncommon tumor that typically presents as small, solitary, slow growing, firm, subcutaneous or intracutaneous nodule.
  • FNAC and excision biopsy revealed benign chondroid syringoma.
  • This is a rare case of chondroid syringoma exhibiting large size, multiplicity and unusual locations in flank, chest wall and thigh.
  • [MeSH-minor] Diagnosis, Differential. Female. Humans. Middle Aged. Skin Neoplasms / diagnosis. Skin Neoplasms / pathology

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  • (PMID = 17883069.001).
  • [ISSN] 0377-4929
  • [Journal-full-title] Indian journal of pathology & microbiology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Indian J Pathol Microbiol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] India
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14. Villalón G, Monteagudo C, Martín JM, Ramón D, Alonso V, Jordá E: [Chondroid syringoma: a clinical and histological review of eight cases]. Actas Dermosifiliogr; 2006 Nov;97(9):573-7
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] [Chondroid syringoma: a clinical and histological review of eight cases].
  • INTRODUCTION: Chondroid syringoma is a rare skin tumor that presents as a slow growing, indolent lesion, that is more frequent in male adults and is usually benign.
  • It can be classified as eccrine and apocrine according to its pathological characteristics.
  • MATERIAL AND METHODS: Eight cases diagnosed of chondroid syringoma in our Department in the last eight years were reevaluated clinically and histologically and the epiluminiscence microscopy was used in one of them.
  • All the cases had a myxoid matrix and most also had a chondroid one.
  • DISCUSSION: The chondroid syringoma is usually a small-sized skin tumor, frequently on the head and neck.
  • The microscopic examination of these lesions reveals tubuloalveolar and glandular type structures positioned as islets within a fibroadipose, chondroid, myxoid or hyaline stroma.
  • As a general rule, it is a benign tumor.
  • Some authors have proposed the term of atypical mixed tumor of the skin for those chondroid syringomas with histological traits of malignancy but without evidence of metastasis.

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  • (PMID = 17173760.001).
  • [ISSN] 0001-7310
  • [Journal-full-title] Actas dermo-sifiliográficas
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Actas Dermosifiliogr
  • [Language] spa
  • [Publication-type] English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Spain
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15. Constantinescu MB, Chan JB, Cassarino DS: Chondroid syringoma with tyrosine crystals: case report and review of the literature. Am J Dermatopathol; 2010 Apr;32(2):171-4
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Chondroid syringoma with tyrosine crystals: case report and review of the literature.
  • Chondroid syringoma (CS) is a relatively rare cutaneous mixed tumor arising from sweat glands.
  • CSs share morphologic similarities with their salivary gland counterparts, pleomorphic adenomas (benign mixed tumors).
  • Although the presence of tyrosine-rich crystalloids in mixed tumors of the salivary gland is well recognized, to our knowledge, this finding has not been previously described in mixed tumors of the skin.
  • [MeSH-major] Sweat Gland Neoplasms / diagnosis. Sweat Gland Neoplasms / metabolism. Syringoma / diagnosis. Syringoma / metabolism. Tyrosine / metabolism
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Crystallization. Female. Humans. Skin / metabolism. Skin / pathology

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  • (PMID = 19851085.001).
  • [ISSN] 1533-0311
  • [Journal-full-title] The American Journal of dermatopathology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Am J Dermatopathol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 42HK56048U / Tyrosine
  • [Number-of-references] 29
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16. Borman H, Deniz LM, Ertas NM, Arikan U, Colak A: Chondroid syringoma of the hand. Scand J Plast Reconstr Surg Hand Surg; 2009;43(5):291-3
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Chondroid syringoma of the hand.
  • Chondroid syringoma is a rare cutaneous tumour that usually arises in the head and neck region and is rarely seen on the hands; it is rarely malignant at sites other than the head and neck.
  • We present a 56-year-old man with a chondroid syringoma of the hand that clinically resembled a vascular tumour.

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  • (PMID = 19863434.001).
  • [ISSN] 1651-2073
  • [Journal-full-title] Scandinavian journal of plastic and reconstructive surgery and hand surgery
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Scand J Plast Reconstr Surg Hand Surg
  • [Language] ENG
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] England
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17. Turhan-Haktanir N, Sahin O, Bukulmez A, Demir Y: Chondroid syringoma in a child. Pediatr Dermatol; 2007 Sep-Oct;24(5):505-7
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  • [Title] Chondroid syringoma in a child.
  • Chondroid syringoma is a myxoid tumor of the skin, which has a reported incidence of <0.01% among primary skin tumors.
  • We present the first instance of chondroid syringoma in a child, which, to the best of our knowledge, has not been reported previously in the English language literature.

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  • (PMID = 17958797.001).
  • [ISSN] 1525-1470
  • [Journal-full-title] Pediatric dermatology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Pediatr Dermatol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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18. Bekler H, Gokce A, Beyzadeoglu T: Chondroid syringoma of the hand: a rare localization. Handchir Mikrochir Plast Chir; 2007 Dec;39(6):430-2
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Chondroid syringoma of the hand: a rare localization.
  • Chondroid syringoma is a rare benign neoplasm of the sweat glands that usually occurs in the head and neck region.
  • We describe a 18-year-old male patient with a benign chondroid syringoma that occurred at an unusual site, leading to compression symptoms of the ulnar nerve causing symptoms at the hypothenar region of the right hand.
  • Although it is a rare tumor at an unusual site, it should be included in the differential diagnosis of the hand tumors.

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  • (PMID = 18058676.001).
  • [ISSN] 0722-1819
  • [Journal-full-title] Handchirurgie, Mikrochirurgie, plastische Chirurgie : Organ der Deutschsprachigen Arbeitsgemeinschaft für Handchirurgie : Organ der Deutschsprachigen Arbeitsgemeinschaft für Mikrochirurgie der Peripheren Nerven und Gefässe : Organ der Vereinigung der Deutschen Plastischen Chirurgen
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Handchir Mikrochir Plast Chir
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Germany
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19. Tokyol C, Aktepe F, Yavas BD, Yildiz H, Aycicek A: Chondroid syringoma: a case report. Acta Cytol; 2010 Sep-Oct;54(5 Suppl):973-6
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Chondroid syringoma: a case report.
  • BACKGROUND: Chondroid syringoma is a benign skin adnexal tumor.
  • The reported incidence of chondroid syringoma among primary skin tumors is low and has been reported at 0.01-0.098%.
  • A diagnosis of benign appendageal tumor of the skin was made.
  • Surgical excision of tumor was done.
  • Histopathologic examination was consistent with chondroid syringoma.
  • CONCLUSION: Chondroid syringoma should be included in the differential diagnosis of a slowly growing nodule on the head or neck.

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  • (PMID = 21053580.001).
  • [ISSN] 0001-5547
  • [Journal-full-title] Acta cytologica
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Acta Cytol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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20. Sirivella S, Gielchinsky I: Chondroid syringoma: a rare tumor of the chest wall. Ann Thorac Surg; 2010 Mar;89(3):983-5
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  • [Title] Chondroid syringoma: a rare tumor of the chest wall.
  • Chondroid syringoma, an uncommon, slow-growing, benign, sweat-gland tumor located on the upper right chest wall of a 66-year-old woman is presented.
  • This skin adenexal tumor is typically located on the head and neck region.
  • The unusual location of chondroid syringoma made an accurate preoperative diagnosis difficult, and diagnosis was achieved only by excisional biopsy and histopathologic examination.
  • Total surgical excision remains the best therapeutic option to avoid tumor recurrence and close follow-up is recommended because of a rare possibility of malignant transformation and visceral metastases.

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  • [Copyright] 2010 The Society of Thoracic Surgeons. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
  • (PMID = 20172178.001).
  • [ISSN] 1552-6259
  • [Journal-full-title] The Annals of thoracic surgery
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Ann. Thorac. Surg.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Netherlands
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21. Karnwal A, Pakalapati S, Tzifa K, Raut V: Chondroid syringoma of the external ear canal presenting as a cyst. Kulak Burun Bogaz Ihtis Derg; 2006;16(2):80-2
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Chondroid syringoma of the external ear canal presenting as a cyst.
  • Chondroid syringoma of the external ear canal is a rare, usually firm or polypoid tumor, representing the cutaneous counterpart of pleomorphic adenoma of salivary glands.
  • We report a very rare case of chondroid syringoma in a 40-year-old man who presented with a fluid-containing cyst in the external ear canal.
  • The cystic lesion was totally excised along with the overlying skin.

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  • (PMID = 16763421.001).
  • [ISSN] 1300-7475
  • [Journal-full-title] Kulak burun boğaz ihtisas dergisi : KBB = Journal of ear, nose, and throat
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Kulak Burun Bogaz Ihtis Derg
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Turkey
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22. Rauso R, Santagata M, Tartaro G, Filipi M, Colella G: Chondroid syringoma: a rare tumor of orofacial region. Minerva Stomatol; 2009 Jul-Aug;58(7-8):383-8
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Chondroid syringoma: a rare tumor of orofacial region.
  • Chondroid syringoma is a rare tumor arising from the major and minor salivary glands.
  • The incidence of chondroid syringoma is reported to be <0.01% among the primary skin tumors.
  • Eighty percent of the chondroid syringomas are seen in older patients , commonly on head and neck region and mostly on the cheek and nose.
  • The authors report a case discussing the surgical management of a chondroid syringoma and pointing out the importance of including this tumor in the differential diagnosis of small subcutaneous nodules in the head and neck region, in middle-age male patients.

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  • (PMID = 19633639.001).
  • [ISSN] 0026-4970
  • [Journal-full-title] Minerva stomatologica
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Minerva Stomatol
  • [Language] eng; ita
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Italy
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23. Kaushik V, Bhalla RK, Nicholson C, de Carpentier JP: The chondroid syringoma: report of a case arising from the external auditory canal. Eur Arch Otorhinolaryngol; 2005 Oct;262(10):868-70
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  • [Title] The chondroid syringoma: report of a case arising from the external auditory canal.
  • Chondroid syringoma is an uncommon, benign skin adnexal tumour.
  • A rare case of chondroid syringoma arising from the external auditory canal is reported.

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  • [Cites] Am J Clin Oncol. 2000 Jun;23(3):227-32 [10857882.001]
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  • (PMID = 15739085.001).
  • [ISSN] 0937-4477
  • [Journal-full-title] European archives of oto-rhino-laryngology : official journal of the European Federation of Oto-Rhino-Laryngological Societies (EUFOS) : affiliated with the German Society for Oto-Rhino-Laryngology - Head and Neck Surgery
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Eur Arch Otorhinolaryngol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Germany
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24. Skoro M, Ostović KT, Cikara I, Müller D, Novak NP, Virag M: Fine needle aspiration cytology of chondroid syringoma. Coll Antropol; 2010 Jun;34(2):687-90
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Fine needle aspiration cytology of chondroid syringoma.
  • Chondroid syringoma (CS) is a rare, benign, appendageal tumor with diagnostic feature of myxochondroid stroma supporting eccrine and apocrine epithelial structures.

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  • (PMID = 20698155.001).
  • [ISSN] 0350-6134
  • [Journal-full-title] Collegium antropologicum
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Coll Antropol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Croatia
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25. Gündüz K, Demirel S, Heper AO, Günalp I: A rare case of atypical chondroid syringoma of the lower eyelid and review of the literature. Surv Ophthalmol; 2006 May-Jun;51(3):280-5
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] A rare case of atypical chondroid syringoma of the lower eyelid and review of the literature.
  • We performed excisional biopsy of the lesion and lateral advancement skin flap for reconstruction of the skin defect.
  • Histopathologic and immunohistochemical findings were consistent with atypical chondroid syringoma with eccrine differentiation.
  • Chondroid syringoma is a rare skin tumor that occurs, very rarely, in the eyelids, especially the lower eyelid.
  • Only 26 cases of chondroid syringoma in the periorbital area, including our case, have been reported, with various characteristics.
  • Chondroid syringomas are classified as two types, the apocrine type characterized by tubular and cystic branching lumina lined by two layers of epithelial cells, and the eccrine type, which has small tubular lumina lined by a single layer of epithelial cells.
  • The tumor can have benign, atypical, and malignant variants.
  • Our patient had the atypical variant, which is characterized by benign cytological features, as well as the presence of infiltrative margins and/or satellite nodules.
  • Even benign chondroid syringomas, if incompletely excised, can recur with malignant transformation; thus, complete excision and regular follow-up is recommended for all chondroid syringomas.

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  • (PMID = 16644368.001).
  • [ISSN] 0039-6257
  • [Journal-full-title] Survey of ophthalmology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Surv Ophthalmol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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26. Kakitsubata Y, Theodorou SJ, Theodorou DJ, Nakahara M, Yuki Y, Yokouchi T: Giant chondroid syringoma presenting as a growing subcutaneous mass in the upper arm: MRI findings with pathologic correlation. Joint Bone Spine; 2009 Dec;76(6):711-4
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Giant chondroid syringoma presenting as a growing subcutaneous mass in the upper arm: MRI findings with pathologic correlation.
  • Chondroid syringoma of skin is a rare type of soft tissue tumor originating from the sweat glands.
  • We report a documented case of giant chondroid syringoma occurring in the upper arm, which developed over the course of one year.
  • The radiographic, sonographic, MR imaging, gross pathologic, and histologic findings of the tumor are described.
  • Because the clinical suggestion of such a tumor was low, we present the imaging appearances of chondroid syringoma that could be used to make a presumptive diagnosis, and discuss the many entertained differential diagnostic possibilities.

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  • (PMID = 19793672.001).
  • [ISSN] 1778-7254
  • [Journal-full-title] Joint, bone, spine : revue du rhumatisme
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Joint Bone Spine
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] France
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27. Dubb M, Michelow P: Cytologic features of chondroid syringoma in fine needle aspiration biopsies: a report of 3 cases. Acta Cytol; 2010 Mar-Apr;54(2):183-6
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  • [Title] Cytologic features of chondroid syringoma in fine needle aspiration biopsies: a report of 3 cases.
  • However, most clinicians prefer to diagnose suspected skin tumors by excisional biopsy as they are easily accessible, with the result that benign skin adnexal tumors are rarely encountered on FNA, often leading to misdiagnosis and mismanagement of patients.
  • We describe the cytologic features of chondroid syringoma in 3 cases in order to facilitate cytologic diagnosis of this lesion.
  • CASES: Three patients each presented with a mass lesion in the head and neck region and on FNA were diagnosed as having chondroid syringomas.
  • Case 2 was an 18-year-old female who presented with a 0.5-cm mass involving the skin of the upper lip.
  • All the masses involved the skin/subcutaneous tissue on clinical examination.
  • CONCLUSION: Knowledge of the cytologic features of chondroid syringoma will allow definitive diagnosis and correct management of the patient.
  • [MeSH-minor] Adolescent. Adult. Biopsy, Fine-Needle. Epithelial Cells / pathology. Female. Humans. Male. Scalp. Skin / pathology. Young Adult

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  • (PMID = 20391975.001).
  • [ISSN] 0001-5547
  • [Journal-full-title] Acta cytologica
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Acta Cytol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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28. Kazakov DV, Belousova IE, Bisceglia M, Calonje E, Emberger M, Grayson W, Hantschke M, Kempf W, Kutzner H, Michal M, Spagnolo DV, Virolainen S, Zelger B: Apocrine mixed tumor of the skin ("mixed tumor of the folliculosebaceous-apocrine complex"). Spectrum of differentiations and metaplastic changes in the epithelial, myoepithelial, and stromal components based on a histopathologic study of 244 cases. J Am Acad Dermatol; 2007 Sep;57(3):467-83
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Apocrine mixed tumor of the skin ("mixed tumor of the folliculosebaceous-apocrine complex"). Spectrum of differentiations and metaplastic changes in the epithelial, myoepithelial, and stromal components based on a histopathologic study of 244 cases.
  • BACKGROUND: A systematic analysis of the entire spectrum of various forms of differentiation and metaplastic epiphenomena in cutaneous apocrine mixed tumor (AMT) has never been performed.
  • OBJECTIVE: The purpose of our study was to study a large number of cutaneous mixed tumors so as to fully characterize the entire spectrum of differentiations and metaplastic changes that may occur in the epithelial, myoepithelial, and stromal components of AMT.
  • Stromal alterations included chondroid metaplasia, osseous metaplasia, and adipose metaplasia.
  • We propose that the most appropriate name for these lesions is "mixed tumor of the folliculosebaceous-apocrine complex. "
  • [MeSH-major] Adenoma, Pleomorphic / pathology. Apocrine Glands. Skin Neoplasms / pathology. Sweat Gland Neoplasms / pathology

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  • (PMID = 17707152.001).
  • [ISSN] 1097-6787
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Am. Acad. Dermatol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Number-of-references] 104
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29. Biernat W: Lipomatous mixed tumor of the skin. Am J Dermatopathol; 2008 Jun;30(3):284-6
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  • [Title] Lipomatous mixed tumor of the skin.
  • An unusual tumor of the neck in a 56-year-old female is reported.
  • The tumor was composed of tubules and small cords of epithelial cells dispersed in the fibromyxoid and adipose stroma.
  • At the periphery, the tumor was not encapsulated and its border was intermingled with the subcutaneous fat.
  • Lack of decapitation secretion and the absence of long tubules suggested an eccrine origin; however, in some of the tumor areas, the cells showed brightly eosinophilic copious cytoplasm that may indicate an apocrine differentiation.
  • As an area of chondroid metaplasia was identified, the diagnosis of a mixed tumor was rendered.
  • This unusual type of skin adnexal neoplasm with unique relation of the epithelial component to the surrounding adipose tissue requires differentiation with the primary cutaneous and metastatic carcinomas.
  • [MeSH-major] Adipose Tissue / pathology. Head and Neck Neoplasms / diagnosis. Lipoma / pathology. Neoplasms, Complex and Mixed / diagnosis. Skin Neoplasms / diagnosis
  • [MeSH-minor] Adipocytes / pathology. Biomarkers, Tumor / analysis. Diagnosis, Differential. Female. Humans. Immunohistochemistry. Keratins / analysis. Middle Aged. Neoplasm Metastasis / diagnosis

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  • (PMID = 18496435.001).
  • [ISSN] 1533-0311
  • [Journal-full-title] The American Journal of dermatopathology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Am J Dermatopathol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Biomarkers, Tumor; 68238-35-7 / Keratins
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30. Magro G, Floridia F, Geraci G, Marino B: Lipomatous apocrine mixed tumor of the skin: an unusual giant lesion occurring in the breast. J Cutan Pathol; 2009 Jun;36(6):692-6
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Lipomatous apocrine mixed tumor of the skin: an unusual giant lesion occurring in the breast.
  • Cutaneous mixed tumors (MTs), also known as chondroid syringomas, usually arise as small nodules in the head and neck region.
  • Apart this unusual clinical presentation, another intriguing feature of tumor was the histological picture, being composed of an extensive mature fatty stromal component closely intermingling with the epithelial structures.
  • As adipocytes were variable in size and focally showed a lipoblast-like appearance, some tumor areas were reminiscent of a well-differentiated liposarcoma, lipoma-like.
  • Based on the histological features, the term 'lipomatous mixed tumor, apocrine type' was proposed for such a lesion.
  • Histogenetic considerations about the lipomatous stromal component of the tumor are provided.
  • [MeSH-major] Adenoma, Pleomorphic / pathology. Breast Neoplasms / pathology. Lipoma / pathology. Neoplasms, Complex and Mixed / pathology. Skin Neoplasms / pathology

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  • (PMID = 19515050.001).
  • [ISSN] 1600-0560
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of cutaneous pathology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Cutan. Pathol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Denmark
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31. Mentzel T: [Myoepithelial neoplasms of skin and soft tissues]. Pathologe; 2005 Sep;26(5):322-30
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] [Myoepithelial neoplasms of skin and soft tissues].
  • Myoepithelial neoplasms of skin and soft tissues comprise cutaneous mixed tumor (chondroid syringoma), mixed tumor of subcutaneous and deep soft tissues, myoepithelioma and rare malignant myoepithelioma (myoepithelial carcinoma).
  • Myoepithelial tumors of skin and soft tissues are characterized by an extreme clinicopathological heterogeneity as in other anatomic locations.
  • The neoplasms arise in childhood as well as in adults and are composed of epithelioid, histiocytoid, spindled, plasmocytoid and/or clear tumour cells in varying combinations, and are set in a myxoid or hyalinised intercellular matrix.
  • [MeSH-major] Myoepithelioma / pathology. Skin Neoplasms / pathology. Soft Tissue Neoplasms / pathology

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  • (PMID = 16047148.001).
  • [ISSN] 0172-8113
  • [Journal-full-title] Der Pathologe
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Pathologe
  • [Language] ger
  • [Publication-type] English Abstract; Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] Germany
  • [Number-of-references] 25
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32. Vicioso L, Gallego E, Sanz A: Cutaneous mixed tumor with lipomatous stroma. J Cutan Pathol; 2006 Sep;33 Suppl 2:35-8
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Cutaneous mixed tumor with lipomatous stroma.
  • AIM: Mixed tumors are usually composed of two components, one epithelial and the other mesenchymal.
  • To date, only two cases of mixed tumor of the skin have been reported with this type of stroma.
  • METHODS AND RESULTS: We report the case of a 61-year-old man with a mixed tumor situated on the hand, an unusual site for these tumors, with over 90% of the tumor composed of adipose tissue.
  • The tumor was a well-circumscribed, 4.5-cm mass, with the gross appearance of a lipoma.
  • Immunohistochemical study showed findings similar to those seen in classic mixed tumors.
  • CONCLUSION: Together with a few other cases in the skin and parotid gland, this report shows how massive adipose differentiation can arise in a mixed tumor of the skin.
  • [MeSH-major] Adipose Tissue / pathology. Fibroma / pathology. Mixed Tumor, Malignant / pathology. Skin Neoplasms / pathology

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  • (PMID = 16972952.001).
  • [ISSN] 0303-6987
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of cutaneous pathology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Cutan. Pathol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Denmark
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33. Baran JL, Hoang MP: Apocrine mixed tumor of the skin with a prominent pilomatricomal component. J Cutan Pathol; 2009 Aug;36(8):882-6
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Apocrine mixed tumor of the skin with a prominent pilomatricomal component.
  • Pilomatrical differentiation within an apocrine mixed tumor (AMT) when present is only focal and has not been reported to be extensive.
  • Histologic sections revealed, underneath a neurofibroma, a well-circumscribed tumor composed of nodules of branching epithelial elements and occasional keratinous cysts within a myxoid and lipomatous stroma.
  • In approximately 50% of the tumor, eosinophilic ghost/shadow cells associated with a foreign body giant cell reaction formed a nodule resembling a pilomatricoma.
  • The presence of follicular and apocrine differentiation within our tumor reinforces the common embryologic derivation of these elements.
  • [MeSH-major] Apocrine Glands / pathology. Facial Neoplasms / pathology. Mixed Tumor, Malignant / pathology. Pilomatrixoma / pathology. Skin Neoplasms / pathology

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  • (PMID = 19586498.001).
  • [ISSN] 1600-0560
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of cutaneous pathology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Cutan. Pathol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Denmark
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Neoplasm Proteins
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34. Misago N, Narisawa Y: Cytokeratin 15 expression in apocrine mixed tumors of the skin and other benign neoplasms with apocrine differentiation. J Dermatol; 2006 Jan;33(1):2-9

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Cytokeratin 15 expression in apocrine mixed tumors of the skin and other benign neoplasms with apocrine differentiation.
  • To clarify the features of apocrine mixed tumors (AMT) of the skin among benign neoplasms with apocrine differentiation in their relationship to follicular stem cells, we investigated the immunohistochemical expression of CK15 (LHK15 and C8/144B), which is a relatively specific marker of hair follicle stem cells in the bulge, in 35 cases of eight different benign neoplasms with presumed apocrine differentiation.
  • All eight cases of AMT of the skin showed CK15 immunostaining of the neoplastic cells, and all four cases of syringocystadenoma papilliferum, all five cases of spiradenoma, and both cases of cylindroma also showed a focally positive reaction to CK15.
  • None of the other benign neoplasms with presumed apocrine differentiation showed CK15 expression.
  • In AMT of the skin, the proportion of CK15-positive cells in the follicular or sebaceous differentiation group (78.8%, average of four cases) was significantly higher than the group without this differentiation (8.8%, average of four cases).
  • AMT of the skin are unique among benign neoplasms with apocrine differentiation in their substantial and constant CK15 expression, suggesting that they derive from multipotent epithelial stem cells in the bulge.
  • AMT of the skin with follicular or sebaceous differentiation are considered to show an immature stage of apocrine differentiation still rich in stem cells or to originate from stem cells with an incompletely established apocrine fate.
  • [MeSH-minor] Adenoma, Sweat Gland / metabolism. Adult. Aged. Biomarkers, Tumor. Case-Control Studies. Cystadenoma / metabolism. Female. Humans. Immunohistochemistry. Male. Middle Aged

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  • (PMID = 16469077.001).
  • [ISSN] 0385-2407
  • [Journal-full-title] The Journal of dermatology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Dermatol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Japan
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Biomarkers, Tumor; 68238-35-7 / Keratins
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35. Müller CS, Tilgen W, Kutzner H, Pföhler C: Recurring mixed-type neurothekeoma of the face. Dermatoendocrinol; 2009 Jul;1(4):220-2

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Recurring mixed-type neurothekeoma of the face.
  • BACKGROUND: Neurothekeomas are rare, benign neoplasms, typically occurring in younger patients with a remarkable predilection for the female population.
  • The rarity of this unusual skin tumor in daily routine histopathologic findings prompted the following report.
  • Multiple treatments with laser surgery were performed and yielded no persistent remission of the tumor.
  • Histopathologic examination revealed a non-encapsulated dermal tumor, composed of multiple, closely situated medium-sized nodules, separated by a myxoid collagenrich stroma, without epidermal alteration.
  • In summary, due to the histoarchitecture and immunoprofile of the tumor, a mixed-type cellular neurothekeoma was diagnosed.
  • CONCLUSION: We think that it is important to be aware of these uncommon soft tissue lesions and the pitfalls of mixed-type neurothekeomas that often cause diagnostic problems.

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  • [Cites] Histopathology. 1998 May;32(5):414-22 [9639116.001]
  • [Cites] Pathologe. 1999 Mar;20(2):98-109 [10320997.001]
  • [Cites] Mod Pathol. 2004 Feb;17(2):230-4 [14685254.001]
  • [Cites] Am J Surg Pathol. 2007 Mar;31(3):329-40 [17325474.001]
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  • [Cites] Am J Surg Pathol. 2007 Jul;31(7):1103-14 [17592278.001]
  • (PMID = 20592794.001).
  • [ISSN] 1938-1980
  • [Journal-full-title] Dermato-endocrinology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Dermatoendocrinol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC2835878
  • [Keywords] NOTNLM ; cellular / nerve sheath tumor / neurothekeoma / skin / soft tissue tumor
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36. Kazakov DV, Bisceglia M, Spagnolo DV, Kutzner H, Belousova IE, Hes O, Sima R, Vanecek T, Yang Y, Michal M: Apocrine mixed tumors of the skin with architectural and/or cytologic atypia: a retrospective clinicopathologic study of 18 cases. Am J Surg Pathol; 2007 Jul;31(7):1094-102
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  • [Title] Apocrine mixed tumors of the skin with architectural and/or cytologic atypia: a retrospective clinicopathologic study of 18 cases.
  • We present a series of 18 atypical apocrine mixed tumors of the skin characterized by architectural and/or cytologic atypia but which nevertheless do not qualify these lesions as carcinomas.
  • There were 15 males and 3 females, and all but 1 presented with solitary nodules ranging in size from 4 to 20 mm; 1 female had a large tumor of 12 cm.
  • Overall, the lesions manifested a rather benign architecture, usually with good circumscription, lack of capsular breach or hypercellularity; however, some asymmetry, focally irregular infiltrationlike or pushing tumorous borders were seen.
  • As controls, 4 authentic malignant mixed tumors were studied, but these likewise tested negative for HER-2/neu protein expression and showed no gene amplification; 1 malignant mixed tumor had polysomy 17.
  • We conclude that some atypical cytoarchitectural features in apocrine mixed tumors, albeit worrisome, do not indicate a malignant change.
  • [MeSH-major] Apocrine Glands / pathology. Neoplasms, Complex and Mixed / pathology. Sweat Gland Neoplasms / pathology
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Aged. Biomarkers, Tumor / analysis. Female. Humans. Male. Middle Aged. Retrospective Studies

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  • (PMID = 17592277.001).
  • [ISSN] 0147-5185
  • [Journal-full-title] The American journal of surgical pathology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Am. J. Surg. Pathol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Biomarkers, Tumor
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37. Jaffer S, Ambrosini-Spaltro A, Mancini AM, Eusebi V, Rosai J: Neurothekeoma and plexiform fibrohistiocytic tumor: mere histologic resemblance or histogenetic relationship? Am J Surg Pathol; 2009 Jun;33(6):905-13
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  • [Title] Neurothekeoma and plexiform fibrohistiocytic tumor: mere histologic resemblance or histogenetic relationship?
  • Neurothekeoma (NTK) and plexiform fibrohistiocytic tumor (PFHT) are dermal neoplasms that share many clinical and histologic features and whose histogenesis is equally disputed.
  • We analyzed the morphologic and immunohistochemical features of 43 NTK and 18 PFHT to evaluate a possible relationship between these tumors.
  • On the basis of the amount of myxoid stroma, we divided NTK into myxoid neurothekeoma (MyNTK) (8 cases), mixed neurothekeoma (MiNTK) (15 cases), and cellular neurothekeoma (CNTK) (20 cases).
  • Their morphologic features (particularly those of the more epithelioid examples) were superimposable to those of CNTK.
  • Furthermore, the marked morphologic and phenotypic similarities between CNTK and PFHT suggest a common histogenesis for these 2 tumors, different from that of MyNTK and MiNTK.
  • [MeSH-major] Biomarkers, Tumor / analysis. Histiocytoma, Benign Fibrous / pathology. Neurothekeoma / pathology. Skin Neoplasms / pathology

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  • (PMID = 19342943.001).
  • [ISSN] 1532-0979
  • [Journal-full-title] The American journal of surgical pathology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Am. J. Surg. Pathol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Biomarkers, Tumor
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38. Schrecengost JE, Tabbara S, Patterson J, Wick MR: Cutaneous mesenchymal hamartoma with mixed myogenous differentiation. J Cutan Pathol; 2006 Apr;33(4):327-30
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  • [Title] Cutaneous mesenchymal hamartoma with mixed myogenous differentiation.
  • They must be distinguished from a variety of other tumors, including juvenile rhabdomyoma, benign Triton tumor, and rhabdomyosarcoma.
  • [MeSH-major] Cell Differentiation. Dermis / pathology. Hamartoma / diagnosis. Mesoderm / pathology. Skin Neoplasms / diagnosis

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  • (PMID = 16630187.001).
  • [ISSN] 0303-6987
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of cutaneous pathology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Cutan. Pathol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Denmark
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39. Hong R, Lim SC: Granular cell tumor of the cecum with extensive hyalinization and calcification: a case report. World J Gastroenterol; 2009 Jul 14;15(26):3315-8

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  • [Title] Granular cell tumor of the cecum with extensive hyalinization and calcification: a case report.
  • A granular cell tumor (GCT) is a benign neoplasm of unclear histogenesis that is generally believed to be of nerve sheath origin.
  • GCT is not common and most often affects the tongue, skin and soft tissue, although it may occur anywhere in the body.
  • In addition to the tumor, endoscopic examination revealed the presence of a 5-mm-polyp in the descending colon and multiple tiny polyps in the sigmoid colon and rectum.
  • Histological examination demonstrated a cecal tumor 1.5 cm x 1.0 cm x 0.7 cm with a hard consistency; in cut sections, mixed cells with yellowish and whitish portions were seen.
  • The tumor was located between the mucosa and subserosa, and was composed of plump histiocyte-like tumor cells with abundant granular eosinophilic cytoplasm, which were immunoreactive for S-100 protein, vimentin, neuron-specific enolase, inhibin-alpha and calretinin.
  • The tumor showed extensive hyalinization and focal dystrophic calcification.
  • Extensive hyalinization and calcification showing involution of tumor cells suggest benign clinical behavior of GCT.
  • [MeSH-major] Calcinosis / pathology. Cecum / pathology. Granular Cell Tumor / pathology. Hyalin / metabolism
  • [MeSH-minor] Biomarkers, Tumor. Calbindin 2. Colorectal Neoplasms / diagnosis. Colorectal Neoplasms / pathology. Humans. Male. Middle Aged. Phosphopyruvate Hydratase. S100 Calcium Binding Protein G. S100 Proteins. Vimentin

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  • [Cites] Ugeskr Laeger. 2006 May 22;168(21):2080-1 [16768929.001]
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  • (PMID = 19598311.001).
  • [ISSN] 2219-2840
  • [Journal-full-title] World journal of gastroenterology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] World J. Gastroenterol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] China
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Biomarkers, Tumor; 0 / CALB2 protein, human; 0 / Calbindin 2; 0 / S100 Calcium Binding Protein G; 0 / S100 Proteins; 0 / Vimentin; EC 4.2.1.11 / Phosphopyruvate Hydratase
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC2710791
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40. Kitajima K, Imanaka K, Hashimoto K, Hayashi M, Kuwata Y, Sugimura K: Magnetic resonance imaging findings of proliferating trichilemmal tumor. Neuroradiology; 2005 Jun;47(6):406-10
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Magnetic resonance imaging findings of proliferating trichilemmal tumor.
  • We report the magnetic resonance (MR) imaging findings of proliferative trichilemmal tumor (PTT), a rare benign tumor of the scalp.
  • MR imaging showed a well-margined mass with isointense signal on T(1)-weighted images and heterogeneous mixed intensity signal on T(2)-weighted images After i.v. administration of contrast material, the mass showed significant enhancement, with small portions remaining unenhanced.
  • [MeSH-major] Epidermal Cyst / pathology. Head and Neck Neoplasms / pathology. Scalp. Skin Neoplasms / pathology

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  • [Cites] Ann Plast Surg. 1998 Sep;41(3):314-6 [9746092.001]
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  • (PMID = 15889245.001).
  • [ISSN] 0028-3940
  • [Journal-full-title] Neuroradiology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Neuroradiology
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Germany
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41. Moosavi C, Jha P, Fanburg-Smith JC: An update on plexiform fibrohistiocytic tumor and addition of 66 new cases from the Armed Forces Institute of Pathology, in honor of Franz M. Enzinger, MD. Ann Diagn Pathol; 2007 Oct;11(5):313-9
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  • [Title] An update on plexiform fibrohistiocytic tumor and addition of 66 new cases from the Armed Forces Institute of Pathology, in honor of Franz M. Enzinger, MD.
  • The seminal article of Drs Franz Enzinger and Renyuan Zhang in 1988 defined plexiform fibrohistiocytic tumor (PFHT) as a distinctive entity.
  • These tumors were morphologically divided into 3 groups: fibroblastic, histiocytic (often with osteoclast-type giant cells), and mixed.
  • Thirty-four cases were predominantly histiocytic, 16 predominantly fibroblastic, and the remaining 16 mixed.
  • Overall, the findings were very similar to the original observations made by Dr Enzinger and his colleague, with the minor exceptions of roughly equal sex distribution (possibly due to timely referral bias), and additional morphologic features of myxoid change, adnexal sparing, increased inflammation, and microfat similar to recently described lipofibromatosis.
  • [MeSH-major] Histiocytoma, Benign Fibrous / pathology. Skin Neoplasms / pathology. Soft Tissue Neoplasms / pathology

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  • (PMID = 17870015.001).
  • [ISSN] 1092-9134
  • [Journal-full-title] Annals of diagnostic pathology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Ann Diagn Pathol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Actins; 0 / Antigens, CD; 0 / Antigens, Differentiation, Myelomonocytic; 0 / CD68 antigen, human
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42. Furuya Y, Uchida K, Tateyama S: A case of glomus tumor in a dog. J Vet Med Sci; 2006 Dec;68(12):1339-41
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  • [Title] A case of glomus tumor in a dog.
  • Histopathologically, the mass formed multiple nodules consisting of mixed proliferation of round epithelioid cells arranged in cord or sheet-like structures and small spindle cells forming loose irregular bundles.
  • On the basis of these findings, this tumor was diagnosed as glomus tumor.
  • Since the present neoplasm had neither recurrence nor distal metastasis during the 12 month after surgical resection, the biological natures of the present neoplasm are supposed to be benign.

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  • (PMID = 17213705.001).
  • [ISSN] 0916-7250
  • [Journal-full-title] The Journal of veterinary medical science
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Vet. Med. Sci.
  • [Language] ENG
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Japan
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43. Burnei G, Burnei C, Hodorogea D, Gavriliu S, Georgescu I, Vlad C: Osteoarticular reconstructive surgery in malignant bone tumors: the importance of external fixators. J Med Life; 2008 Jul-Sep;1(3):295-306
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  • The patients with malignant bone tumors (table 1.) were studied by sex, tumor type, location, age at the moment of diagnosis, age at the moment of the last evaluation, type of surgery, external fixator implanted, complications, results and survival period.
  • We also considered for each patient the extent of the tumor to diaphysis, soft tissue involvement, involvement of physis and epiphyseal invasion, articular extent, vessels and nerves invasion, presence of metastases and local skin invasion.
  • We used monoplanar or circular fixators, in adjustable or mixed mountings.
  • The development of reconstructive bone surgery is sustained by the possibility to delineate the tumor by diagnosis based on imaging and by the possibility to use modern preoperative and postoperative chemotherapy and radiotherapy.
  • Limb conservation was possible only in aggressive benign tumors up to 1970.
  • Oncologic surgery consists of "en bloc" tumor resection followed by bone reconstruction or modular prosthetic replacement.
  • [MeSH-major] Bone Neoplasms / surgery. Chondrosarcoma / surgery. External Fixators. Giant Cell Tumor of Bone / surgery. Osteosarcoma / surgery

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  • [Cites] Int Orthop. 1987;11(1):35-41 [3549587.001]
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  • (PMID = 20108507.001).
  • [ISSN] 1844-122X
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of medicine and life
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Med Life
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Romania
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44. Planellas M, Bassols A, Siracusa C, Saco Y, Giménez M, Pato R, Pastor J: Evaluation of serum haptoglobin and C-reactive protein in dogs with mammary tumors. Vet Clin Pathol; 2009 Sep;38(3):348-52
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  • Mammary tumors were grouped as carcinomas (n=24), fibrosarcoma (n=1), malignant mixed tumors (n=7), benign mixed tumors (n=6), and adenomas (n=3).
  • CRP and Hp concentrations were compared in dogs with different tumor types and were also compared based on tumor size, lymph node infiltration, skin ulceration, fixation to underlying tissue, and time between tumor identification and removal.
  • CRP concentration was higher in dogs with carcinomas (4.70 mg/L, range 0.63-128.96 mg/L) vs controls (2.11 mg/L, range 0.25-6.57 mg/L) (P=.0008) and in dogs with ulcerated skin (14.8 mg/L, range 5.7-128.9 mg/L, n=3) compared with those without ulceration (2.4 mg/L, range 0.11-30.3 mg/L, n=38) (P=.048).
  • Higher CRP concentrations in dogs with mammary carcinoma suggest a role for inflammation in this tumor type.

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  • (PMID = 19392756.001).
  • [ISSN] 0275-6382
  • [Journal-full-title] Veterinary clinical pathology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Vet Clin Pathol
  • [Language] ENG
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Haptoglobins; 9007-41-4 / C-Reactive Protein
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45. Mahalingam M, Srivastava A, Hoang MP: Expression of stem-cell markers (cytokeratin 15 and nestin) in primary adnexal neoplasms-clues to etiopathogenesis. Am J Dermatopathol; 2010 Dec;32(8):774-9
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  • BACKGROUND: The overlap in histopathologic features and immunoprofile of eccrine and apocrine neoplasms confounds basic issues relating to lineage of these entities.
  • METHODS: We evaluated expression of follicular stem-cell markers, cytokeratin (CK) 15 and nestin, in 78 benign and 23 malignant adnexal neoplasms.
  • RESULTS: CK15 and nestin expression were noted in 39 of 78 (50%) and 36 of 78 (46%) cases in the benign group, respectively (8 cutaneous mixed tumor, 10 hidradenoma papilliferum, 9 apocrine cystadenoma, 11 cylindroma and/or spiradenoma, and 9 poroma/dermal duct tumor).
  • CK15 and nestin expression were noted in 11 of 23 (48%) and 7 of 23 (30%) cases in the malignant group, respectively (6 microcystic adnexal carcinoma, 7 porocarcinoma, and 9 eccrine carcinoma).
  • Except 1, both markers were negative in 4 syringocystadenoma papilliferum, 10 hidradenoma, 1 syringofibroadenoma, 10 syringoma, 1 eccrine adenoma, 8 poroma/dermal duct tumor, 5 eccrine hidrocystoma, and 1 apocrine carcinoma.
  • CONCLUSIONS: Given that follicular germinative cells give rise to the folliculosebaceous apocrine unit, expression of CK15 and nestin in the majority of cutaneous mixed tumor, hidradenoma papilliferum, apocrine cystadenoma, and cylindroma/spiradenoma is suggestive of an apocrine origin/differentiation of these neoplasms.
  • [MeSH-major] Apocrine Glands / chemistry. Biomarkers, Tumor / analysis. Eccrine Glands / chemistry. Intermediate Filament Proteins / analysis. Keratin-15 / analysis. Neoplasms, Adnexal and Skin Appendage / chemistry. Neoplastic Stem Cells / chemistry. Nerve Tissue Proteins / analysis. Sweat Gland Neoplasms / chemistry

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  • (PMID = 20700038.001).
  • [ISSN] 1533-0311
  • [Journal-full-title] The American Journal of dermatopathology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Am J Dermatopathol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Biomarkers, Tumor; 0 / Intermediate Filament Proteins; 0 / KRT15 protein, human; 0 / Keratin-15; 0 / NES protein, human; 0 / Nerve Tissue Proteins; 0 / Nestin
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46. Chen MK, Su CC, Tsai YL, Chang CC: Minimally invasive endoscopic resection of the submandibular gland: a new approach. Head Neck; 2006 Nov;28(11):1014-7
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  • BACKGROUND: This study evaluates the benefits of a new approach, endoscopic resection of the submandibular gland through the hyoid midline level skin incision by use of an ultrasonically activated scalpel.
  • Of the 12 patients who underwent excision, 3, 6, and 3 had mixed tumor, sialoadenitis with sialolithiasis, and chronic sialoadenitis, respectively.
  • CONCLUSIONS: Endoscopic resection of the submandibular gland is a feasible method for treatment of benign lesions.
  • The main advantages of this procedure are that the small operative scar is concealed in the submental skin crease, resulting in improved cosmetic results and minimization of the possibility of facial nerve injury.

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  • (PMID = 16933310.001).
  • [ISSN] 1043-3074
  • [Journal-full-title] Head & neck
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Head Neck
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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47. Urso C, Borgognoni L, Saieva C, Ferrara G, Tinacci G, Begliomini B, Reali UM: Sentinel lymph node biopsy in patients with "atypical Spitz tumors." A report on 12 cases. Hum Pathol; 2006 Jul;37(7):816-23
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  • However, in certain lesions deviating from the stereotypical morphology of classic Spitz nevi ("atypical Spitz tumors"), the differentiation between benign and malignant cases appears problematic because objective criteria for a reliable diagnosis are lacking.
  • All the tumors, composed of spindle and/or epithelioid cells, histologically showed features referable to Spitz nevi mixed to features generally found in malignant melanomas.
  • Among the patients with positive sentinel node, two showed minimal nodal involvements; one patient showed additional tumor deposits in one nonsentinel regional node.
  • [MeSH-major] Melanoma / diagnosis. Nevus, Epithelioid and Spindle Cell / diagnosis. Sentinel Lymph Node Biopsy. Skin Neoplasms / diagnosis

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  • [CommentIn] Hum Pathol. 2006 Jul;37(7):779-80 [16784974.001]
  • (PMID = 16784980.001).
  • [ISSN] 0046-8177
  • [Journal-full-title] Human pathology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Hum. Pathol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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48. Liegl B, Hornick JL, Fletcher CD: Primary cutaneous PEComa: distinctive clear cell lesions of skin. Am J Surg Pathol; 2008 Apr;32(4):608-14
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Primary cutaneous PEComa: distinctive clear cell lesions of skin.
  • PEComas arising in somatic soft tissue or skin are rare.
  • Tumor size ranged from 0.7 to 2 cm (median size, 1.5 cm).
  • Six tumors were composed of epithelioid cells and 4 showed mixed epithelioid and spindle cell morphology.
  • Tumor cells had clear, palely eosinophilic or granular cytoplasm.
  • Multinucleate tumor giant cells were observed in 3 cases.
  • In cases where HMB-45 was positive in fewer than 5% of tumor cells (5/10), microphthalmia transcription factor was positive in the majority of the tumor cell nuclei.
  • Primary cutaneous PEComas are rare and thus far apparently benign cutaneous tumors.
  • [MeSH-major] Biomarkers, Tumor / analysis. Melanoma / pathology. Skin Neoplasms / pathology

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  • [CommentIn] Am J Dermatopathol. 2016 Feb;38(2):165-6 [26825164.001]
  • (PMID = 18277881.001).
  • [ISSN] 0147-5185
  • [Journal-full-title] The American journal of surgical pathology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Am. J. Surg. Pathol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Actins; 0 / Antigens, Neoplasm; 0 / Biomarkers, Tumor; 0 / Calcium-Binding Proteins; 0 / Calmodulin-Binding Proteins; 0 / Desmin; 0 / MART-1 Antigen; 0 / MITF protein, human; 0 / MLANA protein, human; 0 / Melanoma-Specific Antigens; 0 / Microfilament Proteins; 0 / Microphthalmia-Associated Transcription Factor; 0 / Mucin-1; 0 / Neoplasm Proteins; 0 / calponin; 68238-35-7 / Keratins
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49. Hansen SL, Dosanjh A, Young DM, Boudreau N, Hoffman WY: Hemangiomas and homeobox gene expression. J Craniofac Surg; 2006 Jul;17(4):767-71
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • Hemangiomas are the most common benign tumor of childhood.
  • Non-surgical treatment modalities have had mixed results and with morbid side effects.
  • Homeobox (Hox) genes are master transcription factors, which have a centrol role during organogenesis, and more recently have been documented to be involved in postnatal tissue remodeling and tumor angiogenesis.
  • [MeSH-major] Gene Expression Regulation, Neoplastic / genetics. Genes, Homeobox / genetics. Hemangioma / genetics. Skin Neoplasms / genetics

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  • (PMID = 16877932.001).
  • [ISSN] 1049-2275
  • [Journal-full-title] The Journal of craniofacial surgery
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Craniofac Surg
  • [Language] eng
  • [Grant] United States / NIGMS NIH HHS / GM / F32GM2084901; United States / PHS HHS / / K0-8 G00674; United States / NIGMS NIH HHS / GM / P50GM27345
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Cytokines; 0 / DNA-Binding Proteins; 0 / Homeodomain Proteins; 0 / Transcription Factors; 127609-92-1 / HOXA4 protein, human
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50. Ogawa R, Akaishi S, Hyakusoku H: Differential and exclusive diagnosis of diseases that resemble keloids and hypertrophic scars. Ann Plast Surg; 2009 Jun;62(6):660-4
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  • All tumors were benign: apocrine cystadenoma, adult-onset juvenile xanthogranuloma, mixed tumor, and chronic folliculitis.
  • (1) biopsy should be conducted in anomalous cases because malignant disease may be the original or secondary problem, (2) steroid injection should be performed only after careful consideration because malignancy or infections may be present, (3) careful differential diagnosis is particularly challenging in African-Americans because skin and tumor color are often similar, and (4) the presence of bacterial or fungal infection should be investigated.
  • [MeSH-major] Cicatrix, Hypertrophic / diagnosis. Keloid / diagnosis. Skin Diseases / diagnosis

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  • (PMID = 19461281.001).
  • [ISSN] 1536-3708
  • [Journal-full-title] Annals of plastic surgery
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Ann Plast Surg
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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51. Clarke LE, Seykora JT: Primary cutaneous adenomyoepithelioma. J Cutan Pathol; 2007 Aug;34(8):654-7
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  • An 83-year-old Caucasian woman presented to her dermatologist with a 5-cm subcutaneous tumor on her right thigh.
  • Incisional biopsy showed a multinodular tumor composed of variably sized glands comprised of a luminal layer of epithelial cells surrounded by one or more layers of myoepithelial cells.
  • Primary cutaneous adenomyoepithelioma is very rare yet shares histopathologic features with common cutaneous lesions such as spiradenomas and benign mixed tumors (chondroid syringomas).
  • Primary cutaneous adenomyoepithelioma is part of the spectrum of epithelial-myoepithelial tumors that includes benign mixed tumor, myoepithelioma and myoepithelial carcinoma.
  • This rare tumor may mimic malignant lesions including metastatic adenocarcinoma.
  • [MeSH-major] Adenomyoma / pathology. Myoepithelioma / pathology. Skin Neoplasms / pathology

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  • (PMID = 17640238.001).
  • [ISSN] 0303-6987
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of cutaneous pathology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Cutan. Pathol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Denmark
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52. Bellini A, Mattoli S: The role of the fibrocyte, a bone marrow-derived mesenchymal progenitor, in reactive and reparative fibroses. Lab Invest; 2007 Sep;87(9):858-70
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  • Human fibrocytes are mesenchymal progenitors that exhibit mixed morphological and molecular characteristics of hematopoietic stem cells, monocytes and fibroblasts.
  • Fibrocytes synthesizing new collagen or acquiring myofibroblast markers have been detected in human hypertrophic scars, in the skin of patients affected by nephrogenic systemic fibrosis, in human atherosclerotic lesions, and in pulmonary diseases characterized by repeated cycles of inflammation and repair, like asthma.
  • Similar cells also populate the stroma surrounding human benign tumors.
  • The available data indicate that human fibrocytes serve as a source of mature mesenchymal cells during reparative processes and in fibrotic disorders or stromal reactions predominantly associated with a persistent inflammatory infiltrate or with the selective recruitment of monocytes induced by ischemic changes and tumor development.

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  • (PMID = 17607298.001).
  • [ISSN] 0023-6837
  • [Journal-full-title] Laboratory investigation; a journal of technical methods and pathology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Lab. Invest.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Number-of-references] 128
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53. LeAnder R, Chindam P, Das M, Umbaugh SE: Differentiation of melanoma from benign mimics using the relative-color method. Skin Res Technol; 2010 Aug;16(3):297-304
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Differentiation of melanoma from benign mimics using the relative-color method.
  • BACKGROUND: Previous studies have successfully classified 86% of malignant melanomas using a relative-color segmentation method, by feature extraction from photographic images in the automatic identification of skin tumors.
  • Dermoscopic images then enable a more detailed examination of the structure of skin lesions, provide much more structural detail within lesions, and contain visual information that cannot be seen in photographic images.
  • METHODS: Images underwent preprocessing, tumor segmentation, feature extraction and tumor classification.
  • Classification was accomplished by taking the inner products of model tumor feature vectors with test-image tumor vectors followed by the nearest-neighbor classification method.
  • RESULTS: The classification rates of melanoma, seborrheic keratoses and Reed/Spitz nevi images mixed together, were 60%, 58.3% and 80%, respectively.
  • Classification of melanoma and Reed/Spitz nevi mixed, were 70% and 90%, respectively.
  • After processing, the multi-dimensional tumor feature space described herein was used to differentiate the tumors.
  • The high success rates for differentiating seborrheic keratoses from melanoma show that the use of dermoscopic images has a strong promise in enabling prescreening, as well as automated assistance and significant improvement in tumor diagnosis in clinics.
  • [MeSH-major] Dermoscopy / methods. Image Processing, Computer-Assisted / methods. Keratosis, Seborrheic / diagnosis. Melanoma / diagnosis. Nevus, Epithelioid and Spindle Cell / diagnosis. Skin Neoplasms / diagnosis
  • [MeSH-minor] Algorithms. Colorimetry / instrumentation. Colorimetry / methods. Diagnosis, Differential. Hair. Humans. Models, Biological. Neoplasms / diagnosis. Skin Pigmentation

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  • (PMID = 20636998.001).
  • [ISSN] 1600-0846
  • [Journal-full-title] Skin research and technology : official journal of International Society for Bioengineering and the Skin (ISBS) [and] International Society for Digital Imaging of Skin (ISDIS) [and] International Society for Skin Imaging (ISSI)
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Skin Res Technol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Denmark
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54. Trepp R, Padberg BC, Varga Z, Cathomas R, Inauen R, Reinhart WH: Extensive extranodal metastases of basal-like breast cancer with predominant myoepithelial spindle cell differentiation. Pathol Res Pract; 2010 May 15;206(5):334-7
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  • These include multifocal myoepitheliomatosis, the rare mixed tumor or pleomorphic adenoma, adenoid cystic carcinoma, adenomyoepithelioma and myoepithelial carcinoma (malignant myoepithelioma).
  • All these tumors are benign and/or of low-grade malignancy, with the exception of malignant myoepithelioma.
  • The presented case of a breast carcinoma with dominant myoepithelial/spindle cell differentiation in a 58-year-old woman is an excellent example to document the highly aggressive biological behavior of this tumor phenotype.
  • Despite an extensive chemotherapy and radiotherapy, the tumor was rapidly progressive, forming a finally exulcerating local tumor relapse and widespread metastases to the myocardium, lungs, liver, kidneys and skin.
  • [MeSH-major] Breast Neoplasms / pathology. Carcinoma / secondary. Kidney Neoplasms / secondary. Liver Neoplasms / secondary. Lung Neoplasms / secondary. Skin Neoplasms / secondary
  • [MeSH-minor] Biomarkers, Tumor / metabolism. Cell Transformation, Neoplastic / pathology. Fatal Outcome. Female. Humans. Middle Aged


55. Kong YY, Kong JC, Shi DR, Lu HF, Zhu XZ, Wang J, Chen ZW: Cutaneous rosai-dorfman disease: a clinical and histopathologic study of 25 cases in China. Am J Surg Pathol; 2007 Mar;31(3):341-50
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • Cutaneous Rosai-Dorfman disease (CRDD) is a rare proliferative disorder of histiocytes with unknown etiology, broadly different from systemic Rosai-Dorfman disease.
  • Clinically, 39 skin lesions in 25 patients were divided into 3 main types: papulonodular type (79.5%), indurated plaque type (12.8%), and tumor type (7.7%).
  • Microscopically, CRDD was characterized by scattering, clusters or sheets of large polygonal histiocytes intermingled with a florid, mixed inflammatory infiltrate.
  • Owing to its favorable outcome, CRDD should be differentiated from a variety of benign and malignant lesions.
  • [MeSH-major] Histiocytosis, Sinus / pathology. Skin Diseases / pathology

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  • (PMID = 17325475.001).
  • [ISSN] 0147-5185
  • [Journal-full-title] The American journal of surgical pathology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Am. J. Surg. Pathol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Biomarkers; 0 / S100 Proteins
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56. Qian Y, Zakov ZN, Schoenfield L, Singh AD: Iris melanoma arising in iris nevus in oculo(dermal) melanocytosis. Surv Ophthalmol; 2008 Jul-Aug;53(4):411-5
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  • Excision and histopathologic examination revealed a mixed cell type malignant melanoma.
  • Benign nevus cells were present at the periphery of the tumor surrounding the entire melanoma.
  • [MeSH-major] Iris Neoplasms / pathology. Melanoma / pathology. Neoplasms, Second Primary / pathology. Nevus of Ota / pathology. Skin Neoplasms / pathology

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  • (PMID = 18572057.001).
  • [ISSN] 0039-6257
  • [Journal-full-title] Survey of ophthalmology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Surv Ophthalmol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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57. Wilhelm T, Metzig A: Video. Endoscopic minimally invasive thyroidectomy: first clinical experience. Surg Endosc; 2010 Jul;24(7):1757-8
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • Recovery of the tumor was performed through the median trocar incision after the optic device was moved through a lateral trocar.
  • The tumor volume was 5.5 ml.
  • Investigating this infection risk, Hong and Yang evaluated the surgical results associated with the intraoral approach for submandibulectomy in a series of 77 cases of chronic sialadenitis and benign mixed tumors.
  • The clear advantages of this technique are its minimally invasive character, its reduction of surgical trauma, its direct access to surgical planes and spaces, its avoidance of swallowing disorders and postoperative dysphagia, and finally, its avoidance of any skin scars.

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  • [Cites] World J Surg. 1996 Jun;20(5):603-12 [8661638.001]
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  • (PMID = 20035350.001).
  • [ISSN] 1432-2218
  • [Journal-full-title] Surgical endoscopy
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Surg Endosc
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article; Video-Audio Media
  • [Publication-country] Germany
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58. Zheng JW, Wang YA, Zhou GY, Zhu HG, Ye WM, Zhang ZY: [Head and neck hemangiomas: how and when to treat]. Shanghai Kou Qiang Yi Xue; 2007 Aug;16(4):337-42
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • Hemangiomas are common benign vascular tumors of infancy characterized by a proliferative growth phase followed by very slow inevitable regression (involutive phase) between one to ten years of age, about 60% to 70% of the lesions are found in the head and neck region.
  • Nd: YAG laser (1064 nm in wavelength) with continuous ice cube cooling is useful for subcutaneous or mixed hemangiomas, and often requires repeated treatments.
  • For larger and deeper hemangiomas up to a depth of 2.0 cm, percutaneous interstitial Nd:YAG laser treatment may be preferred, because it may decrease possible cutaneous skin damage and more effectively reduce bulky, deep lesion. (5) Topical application of imiquimoid and intratumoral injection of steroids or bleomycin can be used in selected patients with rapidly growing hemangioma. (6) The indication for a primary operation is rare and limited to large hemangiomas in the eyelid or hemangiomas on the scalp.
  • A successful treatment of hemangiomas should be individualized and based on the size of the tumor, the localization, and the therapies available.

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  • (PMID = 17924011.001).
  • [ISSN] 1006-7248
  • [Journal-full-title] Shanghai kou qiang yi xue = Shanghai journal of stomatology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Shanghai Kou Qiang Yi Xue
  • [Language] chi
  • [Publication-type] Editorial; English Abstract
  • [Publication-country] China
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59. Grajkowska W, Kotulska K, Jurkiewicz E, Matyja E: Brain lesions in tuberous sclerosis complex. Review. Folia Neuropathol; 2010;48(3):139-49
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  • Tuberous sclerosis complex (TSC) is an autosomal dominant, multisystem disease characterized by the development of multiple hamartomas and benign or rarely malignant neoplasms distributed at various sites throughout the body, especially in the brain, skin, retina, kidney, heart, and lungs.
  • SEGAs consist of a mixed cell population of large ganglioid-like cells, spindle and giant cells with nuclear pleomorphism.
  • The clinical presentations of TSC result from mutations in either of two tumour suppressor genes: TSC1 (located on 9q34) or TSC2 (located on 16p13).

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  • (PMID = 20924998.001).
  • [ISSN] 1509-572X
  • [Journal-full-title] Folia neuropathologica
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Folia Neuropathol
  • [Language] ENG
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] Poland
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Tumor Suppressor Proteins; 0 / tuberous sclerosis complex 1 protein
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60. Köse R, Okur MI: Giant facial chondroid syringoma. Dermatol Surg; 2009 Feb;35(2):294-5
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  • [Title] Giant facial chondroid syringoma.

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  • (PMID = 19215274.001).
  • [ISSN] 1524-4725
  • [Journal-full-title] Dermatologic surgery : official publication for American Society for Dermatologic Surgery [et al.]
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Dermatol Surg
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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61. Eccher A, Brunelli M, Gobbo S, Dalfior D, Dvornik G, Barbareschi M, Parolini C, Menestrina F, Martignoni G: Chondroid syringoma with extensive ossification. Int J Surg Pathol; 2007 Oct;15(4):385-7
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Chondroid syringoma with extensive ossification.
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Biomarkers, Tumor / metabolism. Bone Marrow Cells / pathology. Forehead. Humans. Keratins / analysis. Male

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  • (PMID = 17913946.001).
  • [ISSN] 1066-8969
  • [Journal-full-title] International journal of surgical pathology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Int. J. Surg. Pathol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Biomarkers, Tumor; 68238-35-7 / Keratins
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62. Siddaraju N, Murugan P, Wilfred CD, Choudhury N, Basu D: Preoperative cytologic diagnosis of chondroid syringoma. Acta Cytol; 2009 Sep-Oct;53(5):607-10
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  • [Title] Preoperative cytologic diagnosis of chondroid syringoma.

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  • (PMID = 19798896.001).
  • [ISSN] 0001-5547
  • [Journal-full-title] Acta cytologica
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Acta Cytol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Letter
  • [Publication-country] United States
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63. Laxmisha C, Thappa DM, Jayanthi S: Chondroid syringoma of the ear lobe. J Eur Acad Dermatol Venereol; 2007 Feb;21(2):276-7
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Chondroid syringoma of the ear lobe.
  • [MeSH-major] Adenoma, Pleomorphic / diagnosis. Carcinoma, Skin Appendage / diagnosis. Ear Neoplasms / diagnosis. Ear, External / pathology

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  • (PMID = 17243982.001).
  • [ISSN] 0926-9959
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of the European Academy of Dermatology and Venereology : JEADV
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Eur Acad Dermatol Venereol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Letter
  • [Publication-country] Netherlands
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64. Brewer NH, Bridges MA: Chondroid syringoma of the nasal soft tissue triangle. Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg; 2009 Apr;140(4):606-7
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Chondroid syringoma of the nasal soft tissue triangle.

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  • (PMID = 19328357.001).
  • [ISSN] 0194-5998
  • [Journal-full-title] Otolaryngology--head and neck surgery : official journal of American Academy of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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65. Schulhof Z, Anastassov GE, Lumerman H, Mashadian D: Giant benign chondroid syringoma of the cheek: case report and review of the literature. J Oral Maxillofac Surg; 2007 Sep;65(9):1836-9
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  • [Title] Giant benign chondroid syringoma of the cheek: case report and review of the literature.

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  • (PMID = 17719408.001).
  • [ISSN] 0278-2391
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of oral and maxillofacial surgery : official journal of the American Association of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgeons
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Oral Maxillofac. Surg.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Number-of-references] 15
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66. Chang CW, Vincek V: Pathology quiz case 1. Chondroid syringoma. Arch Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg; 2005 Jul;131(7):642, 644
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Pathology quiz case 1. Chondroid syringoma.

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  • MedlinePlus Health Information. consumer health - Head and Neck Cancer.
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  • (PMID = 16027291.001).
  • [ISSN] 0886-4470
  • [Journal-full-title] Archives of otolaryngology--head & neck surgery
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Arch. Otolaryngol. Head Neck Surg.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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67. Beals TC, Nickisch F, Teman C, Florell SR, Layfield LJ: Chondroid syringoma: case report of a highly unusual foot tumor. Foot Ankle Int; 2010 Apr;31(4):333-5
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Chondroid syringoma: case report of a highly unusual foot tumor.

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  • (PMID = 20371021.001).
  • [ISSN] 1071-1007
  • [Journal-full-title] Foot & ankle international
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Foot Ankle Int
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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68. Ogawa R, Mitsuhashi K, Oki K, Hyakusoku H: A rare case of chondroid syringoma arising from the lower eyelid with ectropion. Plast Reconstr Surg; 2006 Nov;118(6):137e-140e
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  • [Title] A rare case of chondroid syringoma arising from the lower eyelid with ectropion.

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  • (PMID = 17051093.001).
  • [ISSN] 1529-4242
  • [Journal-full-title] Plastic and reconstructive surgery
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Plast. Reconstr. Surg.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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69. Mathiasen RA, Rasgon BM, Rumore G: Malignant chondroid syringoma of the face: a first reported case. Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg; 2005 Aug;133(2):305-7
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Malignant chondroid syringoma of the face: a first reported case.
  • [MeSH-major] Adenoma, Pleomorphic / pathology. Facial Neoplasms / pathology. Neoplasm Invasiveness / pathology. Skin Neoplasms / pathology

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  • (PMID = 16087034.001).
  • [ISSN] 0194-5998
  • [Journal-full-title] Otolaryngology--head and neck surgery : official journal of American Academy of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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70. Ryu JK, Jin W, Kim GY, Lee JH: Sonographic and magnetic resonance imaging findings of a chondroid syringoma of the heel: case report and literature review. J Ultrasound Med; 2007 Oct;26(10):1435-9
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Sonographic and magnetic resonance imaging findings of a chondroid syringoma of the heel: case report and literature review.

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  • (PMID = 17901146.001).
  • [ISSN] 0278-4297
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of ultrasound in medicine : official journal of the American Institute of Ultrasound in Medicine
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Ultrasound Med
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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71. Adachi K, Yoshida Y, Yamamoto O: A morphological comparison of a mixed tumour of the skin on the nasal tip: magnetic resonance imaging and histopathological features. Clin Exp Dermatol; 2009 Oct;34(7):e461-2
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  • [Title] A morphological comparison of a mixed tumour of the skin on the nasal tip: magnetic resonance imaging and histopathological features.
  • [MeSH-major] Neoplasms, Complex and Mixed / diagnosis. Nose Neoplasms / diagnosis. Skin Neoplasms / diagnosis

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  • (PMID = 19747313.001).
  • [ISSN] 1365-2230
  • [Journal-full-title] Clinical and experimental dermatology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Clin. Exp. Dermatol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Letter
  • [Publication-country] England
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72. Covello R, Licci S, Ferrari A, Spriano G, Catricalà C: Images in pathology. Mixed tumour of the skin with extensive ossification and bone marrow formation on the scalp of a young patient. Int J Surg Pathol; 2009 Apr;17(2):142-3
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Images in pathology. Mixed tumour of the skin with extensive ossification and bone marrow formation on the scalp of a young patient.
  • [MeSH-major] Bone Marrow / pathology. Mixed Tumor, Malignant / pathology. Ossification, Heterotopic / pathology. Scalp / pathology. Skin Neoplasms / pathology

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  • (PMID = 19117971.001).
  • [ISSN] 1066-8969
  • [Journal-full-title] International journal of surgical pathology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Int. J. Surg. Pathol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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73. Ine K, Kabashima K, Koga C, Kobayashi M, Tokura Y: Mixed tumor of the skin arising on the auricle. J Dermatol; 2009 Sep;36(9):515-7
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Mixed tumor of the skin arising on the auricle.
  • [MeSH-major] Ear Auricle. Neoplasms, Complex and Mixed / pathology. Skin Neoplasms / pathology

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  • (PMID = 19712281.001).
  • [ISSN] 1346-8138
  • [Journal-full-title] The Journal of dermatology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Dermatol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Letter
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Carcinoembryonic Antigen; 0 / S100 Proteins
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74. Misago N, Narisawa Y: Lipomatous apocrine mixed tumor of the skin associated with chondroid and ossiferous stroma. J Dermatol; 2006 May;33(5):380-2
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Lipomatous apocrine mixed tumor of the skin associated with chondroid and ossiferous stroma.
  • [MeSH-major] Neoplasms, Multiple Primary / diagnosis. Skin Neoplasms / diagnosis

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  • (PMID = 16700676.001).
  • [ISSN] 0385-2407
  • [Journal-full-title] The Journal of dermatology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Dermatol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Letter
  • [Publication-country] Japan
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75. Kazikdas KC, Onal K, Ekinci N: Pathology quiz case 1: Apocrine mixed tumor of the skin. Arch Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg; 2007 Feb;133(2):198, 200
MedlinePlus Health Information. consumer health - Skin Cancer.

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Pathology quiz case 1: Apocrine mixed tumor of the skin.
  • [MeSH-major] Adenoma, Pleomorphic / pathology. Apocrine Glands / pathology. Skin Neoplasms / pathology

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  • (PMID = 17309993.001).
  • [ISSN] 0886-4470
  • [Journal-full-title] Archives of otolaryngology--head & neck surgery
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Arch. Otolaryngol. Head Neck Surg.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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