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1. Subramanian S, Marappagounder S, Selvaraj DR, Elangovan B: A rare association of serous cystadenoma of the pancreas with mediastinal lipoma: a case report. Cases J; 2009;2:7165
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] A rare association of serous cystadenoma of the pancreas with mediastinal lipoma: a case report.
  • Cystic lesions of pancreas include a myriad of different conditions ranging from the common pseudocyst to unusual cystic neoplasm.
  • With the development of better imaging modalities, cystic neoplasms are diagnosed with greater frequency and accuracy leading on to better understanding of the natural course of these lesions.
  • Serous cystadenoma is one of the rare neoplasms of the pancreas that is unique for its benign nature.
  • Herein we report a rare association of serous cystadenoma with mediastinal lipoma, which has not been reported in the literature.

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  • [Cites] Am J Roentgenol Radium Ther Nucl Med. 1963 Oct;90:735-9 [14068407.001]
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  • (PMID = 19918512.001).
  • [ISSN] 1757-1626
  • [Journal-full-title] Cases journal
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Cases J
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC2769342
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2. Exadaktylos AK, Duwe J, Eckstein F, Stoupis C, Schoenfeld H, Zimmermann H, Carrel TP: The role of contrast-enhanced spiral CT imaging versus chest X-rays in surgical therapeutic concepts and thoracic aortic injury: a 29-year Swiss retrospective analysis of aortic surgery. Cardiovasc J S Afr; 2005 May-Jun;16(3):162-5
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  • Eleven (28%) patients did not have a chest CT scan on admission and the diagnosis of a contained aortic rupture was missed.
  • CONCLUSIONS: We believe that helical CT evaluation of the mediastinum should be performed in all patients who undergo blunt thoracic trauma, irrespective of chest radiographic findings.

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  • (PMID = 16049590.001).
  • [Journal-full-title] Cardiovascular journal of South Africa : official journal for Southern Africa Cardiac Society [and] South African Society of Cardiac Practitioners
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Cardiovasc J S Afr
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Comparative Study; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] South Africa
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Contrast Media
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3. Bhatnagar S, Pradhan R, Shastri P, Shenoy P: Accessory thymus in posterior mediastinum. J Indian Assoc Pediatr Surg; 2008 Oct;13(4):140-1
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  • [Title] Accessory thymus in posterior mediastinum.
  • Presence of thymus in the normal position as well as in the posterior mediastinum is an unusual phenomenon.
  • We report here a case of posterior mediastinal mass in a 20-month old male child who presented with dysphagia and dry cough.
  • Investigations revealed it to be a solid posterior mediastinal mass, suspected to be either lymphoma or a neuroblastoma.
  • This case indicates that a benign mass, an accessory thymus, though rare, can be located in the posterior mediastinum and cause symptoms similar to solid mediastinal tumors.

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  • (PMID = 20011497.001).
  • [ISSN] 1998-3891
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of Indian Association of Pediatric Surgeons
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Indian Assoc Pediatr Surg
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] India
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC2788476
  • [Keywords] NOTNLM ; Accessory thymus / posterior mediastinum
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4. Elbl L, Vasova I, Tomaskova I, Jedlicka F, Kral Z, Navratil M, Smardova L, Wagnerova B, Vorlicek J: Cardiopulmonary exercise testing in the evaluation of functional capacity after treatment of lymphomas in adults. Leuk Lymphoma; 2006 May;47(5):843-51
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • Thirty-seven percent of patients received mediastinal irradiation in accordance with the used treatment protocol.
  • A negative relationship was found with age (r = -0.74, P < 0.0001), CD of DOX (r = -0.53, P < 0.003) and radiotherapy-involving mediastinum (r = - 0.44, P < 0.04), respectively.
  • Diastolic dysfunction was correlated with age, CD of DOX and radiotherapy-involving mediastinum, respectively (r = 0.51, P < 0.01).
  • This parameter negatively influenced cardiopulmonary performance and was significantly correlated with the cumulative dose of doxorubicin given and radiotherapy on mediastinum.

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  • (PMID = 16753868.001).
  • [ISSN] 1042-8194
  • [Journal-full-title] Leukemia & lymphoma
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Leuk. Lymphoma
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 80168379AG / Doxorubicin
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5. Maalej S, Zidi A, Ayadi A, Chorfa A, Bourguiba M, Kilani T, Ben Kheder A, Drira I: [Idiopathic mediastinal fibrosis]. Rev Pneumol Clin; 2009 Jun;65(3):159-63
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] [Idiopathic mediastinal fibrosis].
  • Mediastinal fibrosis or fibrosing mediastinitis is a rare condition characterized by chronic fibrosis occurring in mediastinal structures, in proliferating fibrous scar tissue.
  • The chest computed tomography documented the obstruction of the superior vena cava, the right main bronchus and the right upper lobe bronchus secondary to a mediastinal mass.
  • Mediastinoscopy revealed a hard and dense mass, surrounding the different structures of the mediastinum.
  • Pathologic examination corroborated mediastinal fibrosis.
  • In conclusion, prolonged corticosteroids may be efficient in the treatment of idiopathic mediastinal fibrosis.
  • [MeSH-major] Mediastinum / pathology
  • [MeSH-minor] Anticoagulants / therapeutic use. Dyspnea / drug therapy. Dyspnea / etiology. Female. Fibrosis. Glucocorticoids / therapeutic use. Humans. Mediastinoscopy. Middle Aged. Prednisone / therapeutic use. Superior Vena Cava Syndrome / diagnosis. Superior Vena Cava Syndrome / drug therapy

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  • (PMID = 19524805.001).
  • [ISSN] 0761-8417
  • [Journal-full-title] Revue de pneumologie clinique
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Rev Pneumol Clin
  • [Language] fre
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] France
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Anticoagulants; 0 / Glucocorticoids; VB0R961HZT / Prednisone
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6. Kim JS, Lee PH, Lee KS, Park JW, Kim YI, Chung YA, Kim SH, Kim SH, Kim J, Choi YY, Kim HT: Cardiac [123I]metaiodobenzylguanidine scintigraphy for vascular Parkinsonism. Mov Disord; 2006 Nov;21(11):1990-4
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • MIBG uptake was assessed using the ratio of the heart to the upper mediastinum (H/M) according to planar scintigraphic data.

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  • (PMID = 16991157.001).
  • [ISSN] 0885-3185
  • [Journal-full-title] Movement disorders : official journal of the Movement Disorder Society
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Mov. Disord.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Comparative Study; Evaluation Studies; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Radiopharmaceuticals; 35MRW7B4AD / 3-Iodobenzylguanidine
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7. Kato H, Kanematsu M, Kiryu T, Iwata H, Shirahashi K, Matsumoto S, Hirose Y, Matsutomo H, Sasaoka I: Nonfunctional mediastinal parathyroid cyst: imaging findings in two cases. Clin Imaging; 2008 Jul-Aug;32(4):310-3
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Nonfunctional mediastinal parathyroid cyst: imaging findings in two cases.
  • The authors describe the computed tomography (CT) and magnetic resonance (MR) imaging findings of a 69-year-old woman and a 69-year-old man with a nonfunctional mediastinal parathyroid cyst.
  • Both cysts were located posterior to the left lower pole of the thyroid gland with an extension to the superior mediastinum, either anterior or posterior to the left brachiocephalic vein.
  • CT and MR imaging findings of parathyroid cysts are nonspecific, and they are often difficult to differentiate from other cystic lesions located in the lower neck or in the superior mediastinum.
  • However, a parathyroid cyst should be considered when radiologic images demonstrate its characteristic location, posterior to the thyroid gland, with an extension to the superior mediastinum.
  • [MeSH-major] Cysts / diagnosis. Mediastinal Cyst / diagnosis. Parathyroid Diseases / diagnosis
  • [MeSH-minor] Aged. Diagnosis, Differential. Female. Humans. Magnetic Resonance Imaging. Male. Tomography, X-Ray Computed

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  • (PMID = 18603187.001).
  • [ISSN] 1873-4499
  • [Journal-full-title] Clinical imaging
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Clin Imaging
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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8. Okiemy G, Ele N, Itoua C, Avisse C, Riquet M, Hidden G: [Systematization of proper lymphatic vessels of the diaphragm]. Mali Med; 2006;21(2):42-9
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  • [Transliterated title] Systematisation des voies lymphatiques propres du diaphragme.
  • The aim of this study was to demonstrate lymphatic vessels of the diaphragm, its connexions with mediastinum and abdominal cavity in order to better understand propagation of neoplasic or infectious processes.
  • Diaphragmatic lymph vessels, their connexions with diaphragmatic lymph nodes, mediastinum and abdominal cavity have been so demonstrated.
  • Diaphragm appear to be a very important lymphatic center, with its own lymphatic vessels, with connexions to the mediastinum and abdominal cavity.

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  • (PMID = 19617083.001).
  • [ISSN] 1993-0836
  • [Journal-full-title] Le Mali médical
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Mali Med
  • [Language] fre
  • [Publication-type] English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Mali
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9. Jiménez Merchán R, Congregado Loscertales M, Gallardo Valera G, Ayarra Jarne J, Loscertales J: [Resection of 8 mediastinal bronchogenic cysts by video-assisted thoracoscopy]. Arch Bronconeumol; 2008 Apr;44(4):220-3
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  • [Title] [Resection of 8 mediastinal bronchogenic cysts by video-assisted thoracoscopy].
  • [Transliterated title] Quiste broncogénico de mediastino. Resección videotoracoscópica en 8 casos.
  • Mediastinal bronchogenic cysts are an uncommon entity and surgical experience of their removal by video-assisted thoracoscopy is limited.
  • In 5 patients the cyst was in the middle mediastinum and in 3, the posterior mediastinum.
  • [MeSH-major] Bronchogenic Cyst / surgery. Mediastinal Diseases / surgery. Thoracic Surgery, Video-Assisted

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  • (PMID = 18423184.001).
  • [ISSN] 0300-2896
  • [Journal-full-title] Archivos de bronconeumología
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Arch. Bronconeumol.
  • [Language] spa
  • [Publication-type] English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Spain
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10. Sukumar MS, Komanapalli CB, Cohen JI: Minimally invasive management of the mediastinal parathyroid adenoma. Laryngoscope; 2006 Mar;116(3):482-7
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Minimally invasive management of the mediastinal parathyroid adenoma.
  • INTRODUCTION/METHODS: Traditional surgical management of mediastinal parathyroid adenomas has required mediastinal exploration via sternotomy or thoracotomy.
  • By contrast minimal access approaches to the mediastinum via videoscopic transthoracic or transcervical approaches can offer equivalent visualization, patient safety and decreased patient morbidity.
  • RESULTS: Five consecutive patients underwent mediastinal exploration of which three were performed transcervically and three transthoracically (one patient underwent both procedures).
  • CONCLUSION: Transcervical approaches for resection of anterior mediastinal parathyroid adenomas are possible with the use of the Rultract Skyhook Retractor without the need for sternotomy.
  • VATS provides excellent visualization of the middle and posterior mediastinum avoiding the morbidity of thoracotomy.
  • [MeSH-major] Adenoma / surgery. Mediastinal Neoplasms / surgery. Parathyroid Neoplasms / surgery

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  • (PMID = 16540913.001).
  • [ISSN] 0023-852X
  • [Journal-full-title] The Laryngoscope
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Laryngoscope
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Comparative Study; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Parathyroid Hormone; 0 / Radiopharmaceuticals; 971Z4W1S09 / Technetium Tc 99m Sestamibi
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11. Ernst S, Sanchez-Quintana D, Ho SY: Anatomy of the Pericardial Space and Mediastinum: Relevance to Epicardial Mapping and Ablation. Card Electrophysiol Clin; 2010 Mar;2(1):1-8
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Anatomy of the Pericardial Space and Mediastinum: Relevance to Epicardial Mapping and Ablation.

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  • [Copyright] Copyright © 2010. Published by Elsevier Inc.
  • (PMID = 28770727.001).
  • [ISSN] 1877-9190
  • [Journal-full-title] Cardiac electrophysiology clinics
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Card Electrophysiol Clin
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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12. Naudé SH, Miller DB: Magnetic resonance imaging findings of a metastatic chemodectoma in a dog. J S Afr Vet Assoc; 2006 Sep;77(3):155-9
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  • Post mortem investigation revealed a large heart base chemodectoma with multiple smaller tumours in the cranial mediastinum and a single tumour nodule on the thoracic aorta.
  • Histopathology of the heart base tumour, the nodules in the cranial mediastinum and on the thoracic aorta and samples from the 5th cervical vertebra confirmed the presence of a malignant aortic or carotid body tumour originating from the chemoreceptor organs.
  • [MeSH-major] Dog Diseases / diagnosis. Heart Neoplasms / veterinary. Magnetic Resonance Imaging / veterinary. Paraganglioma, Extra-Adrenal / veterinary
  • [MeSH-minor] Animals. Dogs. Fatal Outcome. Male. Neoplasm Metastasis

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  • (PMID = 17137058.001).
  • [ISSN] 1019-9128
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of the South African Veterinary Association
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J S Afr Vet Assoc
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] South Africa
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13. Cahalane AK, Flanders JA, Steffey MA, Rassnick KM: Use of vascular access ports with intrathoracic drains for treatment of pleural effusion in three dogs. J Am Vet Med Assoc; 2007 Feb 15;230(4):527-31
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • In 1 dog, fasciitis of the mediastinum and the left parietal pleura was diagnosed, with no evidence of neoplasia.
  • TREATMENT AND OUTCOME: Each dog was anesthestized, and thoracotomy was performed with manual perforation of the mediastinum.

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  • (PMID = 17302549.001).
  • [ISSN] 0003-1488
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Am. Vet. Med. Assoc.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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14. Valencia Julve J, Alonso Orduña V, Escó Barón R, López-Mata M, Méndez Villamón A: Influence of hemoglobin levels on survival after radical treatment of esophageal carcinoma with radiotherapy. Clin Transl Oncol; 2006 Jan;8(1):22-30
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • All patients received chemotherapy (4 cycles of cisplatin 100 mg/m2 on day 1, and continuous infusion 5-fluorouracil 1 g/m2 per day on days 1-5) with concomitant radiotherapy (40 Gy at 2 Gy/session to the esophageal tumor and mediastinum).
  • 69 patients continued to receive chemoradiotherapy only to a total dose of 60-64 Gy to the esophageal tumor with a 2-cm margin.
  • The prognostic value of hemoglobin concentration was analyzed statistically, along with other patient-, tumor- and treatment-related factors.
  • Univariate analysis showed a hemoglobin value of > 13 g/dl to be a prognostic factor for better survival, along with performance status according to the ECOG classification, weight loss < 10%, tumor stage, tumor length, and complete response to chemoradiotherapy.
  • [MeSH-major] Adenocarcinoma / radiotherapy. Carcinoma, Squamous Cell / radiotherapy. Esophageal Neoplasms / radiotherapy. Hemoglobins / analysis. Radiotherapy, High-Energy

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  • (PMID = 16632436.001).
  • [ISSN] 1699-048X
  • [Journal-full-title] Clinical & translational oncology : official publication of the Federation of Spanish Oncology Societies and of the National Cancer Institute of Mexico
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Clin Transl Oncol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Italy
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Biomarkers; 0 / Hemoglobins; Q20Q21Q62J / Cisplatin; U3P01618RT / Fluorouracil
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15. von Falck C, Boerner AR, Galanski M, Knapp WH: Neuroendocrine tumour of the mediastinum: fusion of 18F-FDG and 68Ga-DOTATOC PET/CT datasets demonstrates different degrees of differentiation. Eur J Nucl Med Mol Imaging; 2007 May;34(5):812
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Neuroendocrine tumour of the mediastinum: fusion of 18F-FDG and 68Ga-DOTATOC PET/CT datasets demonstrates different degrees of differentiation.
  • [MeSH-major] Fluorodeoxyglucose F18. Gallium Radioisotopes. Mediastinal Neoplasms / diagnostic imaging. Neuroendocrine Tumors / diagnostic imaging. Octreotide / analogs & derivatives. Organometallic Compounds. Positron-Emission Tomography / methods. Tomography, X-Ray Computed / methods

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  • [Cites] J Nucl Med. 2005 Jan;46 Suppl 1:172S-8S [15653666.001]
  • [Cites] Eur J Nucl Med Mol Imaging. 2006 Oct;33(10 ):1115-22 [16763820.001]
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  • (PMID = 17242919.001).
  • [ISSN] 1619-7070
  • [Journal-full-title] European journal of nuclear medicine and molecular imaging
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Eur. J. Nucl. Med. Mol. Imaging
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Germany
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Ga(III)-DOTATOC; 0 / Gallium Radioisotopes; 0 / Organometallic Compounds; 0Z5B2CJX4D / Fluorodeoxyglucose F18; RWM8CCW8GP / Octreotide
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16. Thomas-de-Montpréville V, Dulmet E: Cysts of the posterior mediastinum showing müllerian differentiation (Hattori's cysts). Ann Diagn Pathol; 2007 Dec;11(6):417-20
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  • [Title] Cysts of the posterior mediastinum showing müllerian differentiation (Hattori's cysts).
  • Cysts of probable müllerian origin have recently been recognized in the mediastinum by Hattori (Virchows Arch.
  • In a retrospective study, we found 9 such cases, accounting for 5.5% of a series of 163 consecutive mediastinal nonneoplastic cysts operated in our institution.
  • They were initially classified as bronchogenic or unspecified benign serous cysts.
  • In conclusion, cysts with müllerian differentiation account for a small proportion of mediastinal cysts and have a usual but nonspecific paravertebral location.
  • [MeSH-major] Mediastinal Cyst / pathology. Mullerian Ducts / pathology
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Female. Humans. Hysterectomy. Immunohistochemistry. Leiomyoma / complications. Leiomyoma / surgery. Middle Aged. Mucin-1 / metabolism. Obesity / complications. Ovarian Cysts / complications. Ovarian Cysts / surgery. Polyps / complications. Receptors, Estrogen / metabolism. Receptors, Progesterone / metabolism. Retrospective Studies. Uterine Cervical Neoplasms / complications. Uterine Cervical Neoplasms / surgery

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  • (PMID = 18022126.001).
  • [ISSN] 1092-9134
  • [Journal-full-title] Annals of diagnostic pathology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Ann Diagn Pathol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Mucin-1; 0 / Receptors, Estrogen; 0 / Receptors, Progesterone
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17. Bodtger U, Vilmann P, Clementsen P, Galvis E, Bach K, Skov BG: Clinical impact of endoscopic ultrasound-fine needle aspiration of left adrenal masses in established or suspected lung cancer. J Thorac Oncol; 2009 Dec;4(12):1485-9
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  • Endoscopic ultrasound (EUS) is superior to other imaging procedures in visualizing LAG, but the impact of EUS-fine needle aspiration (FNA) on tumor, node, metastasis (TNM)-staging, treatment, and survival is unknown.
  • RESULTS: EUS-FNA of an enlarged LAG altered the TNM staging in 70% (downstaged: 26 of 28 patients) and treatment in 48% (gained surgery 25%, avoided surgery 5%, surgically verified benign disease 5%, no cancer and no further workup 5%, and no cancer, control computed tomography, and then no further workup 8%).
  • [MeSH-major] Adrenal Gland Neoplasms / pathology. Biopsy, Fine-Needle / methods. Endoscopy. Lung Neoplasms / pathology. Lung Neoplasms / ultrasonography. Mediastinal Neoplasms / pathology
  • [MeSH-minor] Adenocarcinoma / pathology. Adenocarcinoma / surgery. Adenocarcinoma / ultrasonography. Adult. Aged. Carcinoma, Large Cell / pathology. Carcinoma, Large Cell / surgery. Carcinoma, Large Cell / ultrasonography. Carcinoma, Non-Small-Cell Lung / pathology. Carcinoma, Non-Small-Cell Lung / surgery. Carcinoma, Non-Small-Cell Lung / ultrasonography. Carcinoma, Squamous Cell / pathology. Carcinoma, Squamous Cell / surgery. Carcinoma, Squamous Cell / ultrasonography. Endosonography. Female. Follow-Up Studies. Humans. Lymphatic Metastasis. Male. Middle Aged. Neoplasm Staging. Preoperative Care. Prognosis. Retrospective Studies. Small Cell Lung Carcinoma / pathology. Small Cell Lung Carcinoma / surgery. Small Cell Lung Carcinoma / ultrasonography. Treatment Outcome


18. Kim KJ, Kim B, Lee KH, Kim TJ, Mantiuk R, Kang HS, Kim YH: Regional difference in compression artifacts in low-dose chest CT images: effects of mathematical and perceptual factors. AJR Am J Roentgenol; 2008 Aug;191(2):W30-7
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  • OBJECTIVE: The objective of our study was to investigate the difference of perceptible artifacts between the lungs and the chest wall and mediastinum in Joint Photographic Experts Group (JPEG) 2000-compressed low-dose chest CT images and to show that a perceptual image quality metric-the High-Dynamic Range Visual Difference Predictor (HDR-VDP)-can reproduce this regional difference.
  • To analyze the two regions separately (lungs; and chest wall and mediastinum), the compressed pixels outside each tested region were replaced with the original pixels.
  • RESULTS: Artifacts were rated as lower grades in the lungs than in the chest wall and mediastinum, showing statistical significances at 10:1-20:1 for reader 1, 8:1-15:1 for reader 2, and 8:1-20:1 for reader 3.
  • CONCLUSION: Although compression artifacts are mathematically greater in the lungs than in the chest wall and mediastinum, radiologists' artifact perceptions are the opposite, which can be successfully reproduced by HDR-VDP.
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Aged. Algorithms. Female. Humans. Male. Mediastinum / radiography. Middle Aged. Radiation Dosage. Reproducibility of Results. Statistics, Nonparametric. Thoracic Wall / radiography

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  • (PMID = 18647883.001).
  • [ISSN] 1546-3141
  • [Journal-full-title] AJR. American journal of roentgenology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] AJR Am J Roentgenol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] United States
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19. Li J, Zhang DC, He J, Liu XY, Mu JW, Zhang LZ: [The rule of lymph node metastasis of adenosquamous carcinoma of the lung]. Zhonghua Zhong Liu Za Zhi; 2009 Jul;31(7):524-7
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  • RESULTS: The analysis of the route of mediastinal lymph node metastasis in the 361 cases showed that the tumor originated in the left upper lobe firstly metastasized to station 5 (A-P window), tumor in the right upper lobe to the station 4 (lower paratracheal), then secondly to station 7 (subcarinal), lastly to station 3 from the tumor in the left upper lobe or to the station 2 from the tumor in the right upper lobe.
  • It was found that the tumors originated from the lower lobe, firstly metastasized to station 7, secondly to station 9 or 4 from the right lobe; or station 5 from left lower lobe, lastly to station 3 or 2 in the mediastinum.
  • For the tumor in the middle lobe, mainly metastasized to station 7, 4 and 2.
  • The skip mediastinal lymph node metastasis but N1 negative most commonly metastasized to station 7, then to station 4 from the tumor in the right lung and 5 from the tumor in the left lung.
  • The prognosis of patients with a single skipping metastasis to mediastinal lymph node (N1-, SMLN) was better than that in the other patients with mediastinal lymph node metastases.
  • CONCLUSION: The lung cancer growing in a different location has a different route and skipping metastasis to mediastinal lymph nodes.
  • The prognosis of patients with single skipping metastasis to mediastinal lymph nodes but negative pulmonary hilar lymph node is better than that in the other patients with multiple station mediastinal lymph node metastases.
  • [MeSH-major] Carcinoma, Adenosquamous / pathology. Lung Neoplasms / pathology. Lymph Nodes / pathology
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Aged. Aged, 80 and over. Female. Follow-Up Studies. Humans. Lymph Node Excision. Lymphatic Metastasis. Male. Mediastinum. Middle Aged. Neoplasm Staging. Pneumonectomy. Retrospective Studies. Survival Rate

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  • (PMID = 19950701.001).
  • [ISSN] 0253-3766
  • [Journal-full-title] Zhonghua zhong liu za zhi [Chinese journal of oncology]
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Zhonghua Zhong Liu Za Zhi
  • [Language] chi
  • [Publication-type] English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] China
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20. Kraft O, Reznák I: International Czech and Slovak cooperation in the treatment of patients with differentiated thyroid cancer. Nucl Med Rev Cent East Eur; 2006;9(1):84-8
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  • If indicated, external radiation therapy targeted on the neck and upper mediastinum was performed in the Slovak Republic, in the University Hospital in Martin.
  • [MeSH-major] Iodine Radioisotopes / therapeutic use. Thyroid Neoplasms / radiotherapy
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Aged. Czech Republic. Female. Humans. Lymphatic Metastasis. Male. Middle Aged. Neoplasm Metastasis. Radionuclide Imaging / methods. Slovakia. Treatment Outcome. Whole Body Imaging

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  • (PMID = 16791814.001).
  • [ISSN] 1506-9680
  • [Journal-full-title] Nuclear medicine review. Central & Eastern Europe
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Nucl Med Rev Cent East Eur
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Multicenter Study; Randomized Controlled Trial
  • [Publication-country] Poland
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Iodine Radioisotopes
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21. Meamar AR, Rezaian M, Mirzaei AZ, Zahabiun F, Faghihi AH, Oormazdi H, Kia EB: Severe diarrhea due to Isospora belli in a patient with thymoma. J Microbiol Immunol Infect; 2009 Dec;42(6):526-9
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  • This report describes severe chronic debilitating diarrhea due to isosporiasis in a patient with mediastinal thymoma, a common tumor of the anterior mediastinum, originating from the epithelial cells of the thymus.
  • [MeSH-major] Diarrhea / complications. Isospora. Isosporiasis / complications. Thymoma / complications. Thymus Neoplasms / complications

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  • (PMID = 20422140.001).
  • [ISSN] 1995-9133
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of microbiology, immunology, and infection = Wei mian yu gan ran za zhi
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Microbiol Immunol Infect
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] England
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22. De Giacomo T, Diso D, Anile M, Venuta F, Rolla M, Ricella C, Coloni GF: Thoracoscopic resection of mediastinal bronchogenic cysts in adults. Eur J Cardiothorac Surg; 2009 Aug;36(2):357-9
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Thoracoscopic resection of mediastinal bronchogenic cysts in adults.
  • OBJECTIVE: Bronchogenic cysts are uncommon congenital anomalies of foregut origin usually located within the mediastinum and the lung and rarely diagnosed in adults.
  • Surgical excision is recommended to establish diagnosis based on histologic examination, alleviate symptoms if present, and prevent future complications.
  • METHODS: Between January 1995 and July 2008, 30 patients with mediastinal bronchogenic cyst (MBC) underwent thoracoscopic operation (19 male, 11 female with a mean age of 39 years, range 19-59 years).
  • CONCLUSIONS: Considering the low conversion and complication rate, thoracoscopic excision of bronchogenic mediastinal cyst should be considered the primary therapeutic option.
  • [MeSH-major] Bronchogenic Cyst / surgery. Mediastinum / surgery. Thoracic Surgery, Video-Assisted / methods

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  • (PMID = 19411178.001).
  • [ISSN] 1873-734X
  • [Journal-full-title] European journal of cardio-thoracic surgery : official journal of the European Association for Cardio-thoracic Surgery
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Eur J Cardiothorac Surg
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Germany
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23. Pol RA, Wiersma HW, Zonneveld BJ, Schattenkerk ME: Intrathoracic drainage of a perforated prepyloric gastric ulcer with a type II paraoesophageal hernia. World J Emerg Surg; 2008;3:34
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  • We report a case of a perforated prepyloric gastric ulcer which, due to a type II hiatus hernia, drained into the mediastinum.
  • On a conventional x-ray of the chest a large mediastinal air-fluid collection and free intra-abdominal air was seen.
  • CONCLUSION: Type II paraesophageal hernia is an uncommon diagnosis.

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  • [Cites] Can J Surg. 2008 Aug;51(4):E89-90 [18815638.001]
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  • (PMID = 19063734.001).
  • [ISSN] 1749-7922
  • [Journal-full-title] World journal of emergency surgery : WJES
  • [ISO-abbreviation] World J Emerg Surg
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC2614979
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24. Cracco C, Divine M, Maitre B: [Thoracic involvement in Hodgkin's lymphoma]. Rev Mal Respir; 2007 Oct;24(8):999-1012
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  • [Transliterated title] Atteintes thoraciques au cours des lymphomes hodgkiniens.
  • Initial thoracic involvement is usual and the more frequent localization is the mediastinum, following by the lung parenchyma and the pleura.
  • In the last two cases, histological diagnosis is warranted since this involvement modified the staging and the prognosis of the disease.
  • Functional deficiency following mediastinal radiotherapy and chemotherapy (including bleomycin) is often detected, whatever this is associated with symptom or CT scan abnormalities.
  • Granulomatous disease can be associated at any time during the disease and differential diagnosis from relapse is often difficult.
  • [MeSH-major] Hodgkin Disease / diagnosis. Hodgkin Disease / therapy. Thoracic Neoplasms / diagnosis. Thoracic Neoplasms / therapy

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  • (PMID = 18033187.001).
  • [ISSN] 0761-8425
  • [Journal-full-title] Revue des maladies respiratoires
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Rev Mal Respir
  • [Language] fre
  • [Publication-type] English Abstract; Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] France
  • [Number-of-references] 73
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25. Shiono H, Okumura M, Sawabata N, Utsumi T, Inoue M, Minami M, Tomiyama N, Matsuda H, Sawa Y: Virtual mediastinoscopy for safer and more accurate mediastinal exploration. Ann Thorac Surg; 2007 Sep;84(3):995-9
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  • [Title] Virtual mediastinoscopy for safer and more accurate mediastinal exploration.
  • We produced virtual images of the mediastinum (ie, virtual mediastinoscopy based on positron emission tomography and computed tomography scanning data to visualize lymph nodes and great vessels similar to cervical mediastinoscopy).
  • DESCRIPTION: Virtual images from 5 patients with positive mediastinal positron emission tomography findings were produced using computer software designed for virtual endoscopy.
  • CONCLUSIONS: Virtual mediastinoscopy provided realistic images of the mediastinal anatomy, and has the potential to make cervical mediastinoscopy and other mediastinal explorations safer, as well as more accurate.
  • [MeSH-major] Mediastinoscopy / methods. Mediastinum / pathology

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  • [CommentIn] Ann Thorac Surg. 2007 Sep;84(3):1000 [17720417.001]
  • (PMID = 17720416.001).
  • [ISSN] 1552-6259
  • [Journal-full-title] The Annals of thoracic surgery
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Ann. Thorac. Surg.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Netherlands
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26. Abitayeh G, Ruano R, Martinovic J, Barthe B, Aubry MC, Benachi A: Prenatal diagnosis of main stem bronchial atresia using 3-dimensional ultrasonographic technologies. J Ultrasound Med; 2010 Apr;29(4):633-8
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Prenatal diagnosis of main stem bronchial atresia using 3-dimensional ultrasonographic technologies.
  • OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this series was to report the contribution of 3-dimensional ultrasonographic (3DUS) technologies in performing the prenatal diagnosis of main stem bronchial atresia (BA).
  • METHODS: We report 2 cases in which the prenatal diagnosis of main stem BA was performed using 3DUS technologies.
  • Both fetuses presented with extremely enlarged hyperechoic right lungs, shifting the mediastinum to the left, associated with hydrops and polyhydramnios.
  • CONCLUSIONS: Three-dimensional ultrasonographic technologies may improve the pre-natal diagnosis of main stem BA.

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  • (PMID = 20375382.001).
  • [ISSN] 1550-9613
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of ultrasound in medicine : official journal of the American Institute of Ultrasound in Medicine
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Ultrasound Med
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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27. Arimoto T, Sukekawa H, Harada M, Takayama S, Ikeno E, Nisugi K, Takeishi Y, Kubota I: Short cardiac iodine-123-metaiodobenzylguanidine imaging protocol in heart failure. Circ J; 2008 Jul;72(7):1106-11
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  • WR5-15 min closely correlated with the conventional washout rate and inversely correlated with the heart to mediastinum ratio.

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  • (PMID = 18577819.001).
  • [ISSN] 1346-9843
  • [Journal-full-title] Circulation journal : official journal of the Japanese Circulation Society
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Circ. J.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Clinical Trial; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Japan
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Iodine Radioisotopes; 0 / Radiopharmaceuticals; 114471-18-0 / Natriuretic Peptide, Brain; 35MRW7B4AD / 3-Iodobenzylguanidine
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28. Cardinale L, Ardissone F, Cataldi A, Gned D, Prato A, Solitro F, Fava C: Bronchogenic cysts in the adult: diagnostic criteria derived from the correct use of standard radiography and computed tomography. Radiol Med; 2008 Apr;113(3):385-94
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • PURPOSE: This study was undertaken to identify the radiographic and computed tomography patterns allowing a diagnosis of bronchogenic cyst.
  • MATERIALS AND METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed chest radiographs and CT scans of 21 adults (ten men and 11 women, age range 18-74 years) with a histologically confirmed diagnosis of bronchogenic cyst.
  • RESULTS: Sixteen cysts were located in the mediastinum and five in the lungs.
  • On chest radiography, mediastinal cysts appeared as sharply marginated rounded areas of increased opacity; intrapulmonary cysts also exhibited an air-fluid interface.
  • In addition, analysis of attenuation values allowed the subdivision of mediastinal cysts into three groups: fluid density (four cases), air density (two cases) and soft-tissue density (ten cases).
  • When soft-tissue attenuation values were demonstrated, a confident diagnosis was not possible, and other solid lesions had to be considered.
  • [MeSH-minor] Adolescent. Adult. Aged. Diagnosis, Differential. Female. Humans. Male. Middle Aged. Predictive Value of Tests. Retrospective Studies. Sensitivity and Specificity

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  • (PMID = 18493775.001).
  • [ISSN] 0033-8362
  • [Journal-full-title] La Radiologia medica
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Radiol Med
  • [Language] eng; ita
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
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29. Togashi K, Hosaka Y, Sato K: [Sarcomatoid pleural mesothelioma presenting as posterior mediastinal tumor with dysphagia]. Kyobu Geka; 2007 Jan;60(1):49-52
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  • [Title] [Sarcomatoid pleural mesothelioma presenting as posterior mediastinal tumor with dysphagia].
  • Radiological studies demonstrated a solid mass with a maximal diameter of 5cm at the posterior mediastinum.
  • The tumor was resected, then postoperative radiotherapy (60Gy) and chemotherapy were performed.
  • Results of histological and immunohistochemical study showed that the tumor consisted of sarcomatoid mesothelioma.
  • Case 2: A 76-year-old man with dysphagia, chest pain and cough admitted to our department Radiological studies demonstrated a solid mass with a maximal diameter of 12cm in the posterior mediastinum. accompanied by abundant effusion in the bilateral pleural cavities.
  • The patient underwent open biopsy and histological and immunohistochemical study showed that the tumor consisted of sarcomatoid mesothelioma.
  • We report extremely rare cases of sarcomatoid mesothelioma that appeared to be posterior mediastinal tumor before surgery, and discuss the difficulty of diagnosing sarcomatoid mesothelioma with atypical clinical manifestations.
  • [MeSH-major] Deglutition Disorders / complications. Mediastinal Neoplasms / diagnosis. Mesothelioma / diagnosis. Pleural Neoplasms / diagnosis
  • [MeSH-minor] Aged. Diagnosis, Differential. Humans. Male. Middle Aged

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  • (PMID = 17249539.001).
  • [ISSN] 0021-5252
  • [Journal-full-title] Kyobu geka. The Japanese journal of thoracic surgery
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Kyobu Geka
  • [Language] jpn
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Japan
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30. Fang WT, Xu MY, Chen G, Chen Y, Chen WH: Minimally invasive approaches for histological diagnosis of anterior mediastinal masses. Chin Med J (Engl); 2007 Apr 20;120(8):675-9
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Minimally invasive approaches for histological diagnosis of anterior mediastinal masses.
  • BACKGROUND: Anterior mediastinal masses include a wide variety of diseases from benign lesions to extremely malignant tumors.
  • Management strategies are highly diverse and depend strongly on the histological diagnosis as well as the extent of the disease.
  • We reported a prospective study comparing the usefulness of core needle biopsy and mini-mediastinotomy under local anesthesia for histological diagnosis in anterior mediastinal masses.
  • METHODS: A total of 40 patients with masses of unknown histology and located either at or near the anterior mediastinum received biopsy prior to treatment.
  • The diagnostic methods were core needle biopsy in 28 patients and biopsy through mini-mediastinotomy under local anesthesia in 15 patients (including 3 patients for whom core needle biopsy failed to yield a definite diagnosis).
  • RESULTS: Histological diagnosis was achieved in 18 of the 28 patients receiving core needle biopsy.
  • In the remaining 12 patients with mediastinal mass, histological diagnosis was achieved in only 5 patients (41.7%).
  • In the remaining 12 patients with huge mediastinal masses, who underwent mini-mediastinotomy, a definitive histological diagnosis was reached by pathological and/or immunohistochemical study (diagnostic yield 85.7% in 12 of 14 cases of mediastinal mass, P = 0.038 vs core needle biopsy).
  • In the 30 patients with biopsy-proven histological diagnosis, the results contributed to therapeutic decision making in 25 cases (83.3%).
  • CONCLUSIONS: Core needle biopsy is effective in the diagnosis of pulmonary and pleural diseases.
  • Yet its diagnostic yield in mediastinal mass is rather low.
  • Superior to core needle biopsy, biopsy through a mini-mediastinotomy under local anesthesia is highly effective in the histological diagnosis of anterior mediastinal mass, and has a satisfactory diagnostic yield.
  • The method is safe, minimally invasive, cost-effective, and useful in therapeutic decision making for anterior mediastinal masses.
  • [MeSH-major] Mediastinal Diseases / diagnosis. Mediastinum / pathology. Minimally Invasive Surgical Procedures / methods

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  • (PMID = 17517183.001).
  • [ISSN] 0366-6999
  • [Journal-full-title] Chinese medical journal
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Chin. Med. J.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] China
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31. Krüger S, Kratochwil C, Schumann C, Wibmer T, Pauls S, Merk T: [Primitive neuroectodermal tumour of the mediastinum as a rare cause of pericardial effusion]. Pneumologie; 2007 Dec;61(12):801-2
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  • [Title] [Primitive neuroectodermal tumour of the mediastinum as a rare cause of pericardial effusion].
  • [Transliterated title] Primitiver neuroektodermaler Tumor des Mediastinums als seltene Ursache eines Perikardergusses.
  • [MeSH-major] Mediastinal Neoplasms / complications. Mediastinal Neoplasms / diagnosis. Neuroectodermal Tumors / complications. Neuroectodermal Tumors / diagnosis. Pericardial Effusion / diagnosis. Pericardial Effusion / etiology
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Humans. Male. Positron-Emission Tomography. Rare Diseases / complications. Rare Diseases / diagnosis. Tomography, X-Ray Computed

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  • (PMID = 18098071.001).
  • [ISSN] 1438-8790
  • [Journal-full-title] Pneumologie (Stuttgart, Germany)
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Pneumologie
  • [Language] ger
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Germany
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32. Peliukhovskiĭ SV: [Application of videothoracoscopy in surgical treatment of the anterior mediastinum diseases]. Klin Khir; 2005 Jul;(7):48-51
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  • [Title] [Application of videothoracoscopy in surgical treatment of the anterior mediastinum diseases].
  • In 1994-2000 yrs there were observed 248 patients with various mediastinal diseases, including 105--with primary diagnosis: mediastinal tumor.
  • Indications and contraindications for performance of operations on the anterior mediastinum organs, using videothoracoscopy, were determined for the first time.

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  • (PMID = 16255224.001).
  • [ISSN] 0023-2130
  • [Journal-full-title] Klinichna khirurhiia
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Klin Khir
  • [Language] RUS
  • [Publication-type] English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Ukraine
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33. Lin MW, Chang YL, Wu CT, Lee YC: Video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery for a cystic seminoma of the mediastinum. Ann Thorac Surg; 2010 Dec;90(6):2041-4
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  • [Title] Video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery for a cystic seminoma of the mediastinum.
  • Mediastinal seminomas are uncommon primary mediastinal neoplasms, and most are solid in appearance.
  • Cystic mediastinal seminoma is an unusual type of extragonadal germ cell tumor that has rarely been reported in the literature.
  • Here we describe a 36-year-old man with a 7.5-cm cystic mediastinal seminoma.
  • The tumor was excised successfully by video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery.
  • [MeSH-major] Cysts / surgery. Mediastinal Neoplasms / surgery. Seminoma / surgery. Testicular Neoplasms / pathology. Thoracic Surgery, Video-Assisted / methods
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Diagnosis, Differential. Follow-Up Studies. Humans. Male. Photomicrography. Radiography, Thoracic. Tomography, X-Ray Computed

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  • [Copyright] Copyright © 2010 The Society of Thoracic Surgeons. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
  • (PMID = 21095363.001).
  • [ISSN] 1552-6259
  • [Journal-full-title] The Annals of thoracic surgery
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Ann. Thorac. Surg.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Netherlands
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34. Santini M, Fiorelli A, Vicidomini G, Napolitano F: Intrathoracic extramedullary haematopoiesis manifested as a neoplastic lesion within anterior mediastinum. Ann Thorac Surg; 2009 Dec;88(6):2001-4
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  • [Title] Intrathoracic extramedullary haematopoiesis manifested as a neoplastic lesion within anterior mediastinum.
  • We report a case of EMH, which presented in a patient without hematologic disorders and was manifested as an anterior mediastinal mass.
  • The second remarkable characteristic was that EMH manifested as an anterior mediastinal mass, mimicking a neoplastic lesion.
  • Definitive diagnosis of EMH was established by a video-assisted thoracoscopic surgical biopsy.
  • In light of this diagnosis, no further surgical procedure was carried out.
  • [MeSH-major] Hematopoiesis, Extramedullary. Lymph Nodes. Mediastinal Neoplasms / diagnosis
  • [MeSH-minor] Biopsy / methods. Diagnosis, Differential. Female. Humans. Mediastinum. Middle Aged. Positron-Emission Tomography. Thoracic Surgery, Video-Assisted. Tomography, X-Ray Computed

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  • (PMID = 19932276.001).
  • [ISSN] 1552-6259
  • [Journal-full-title] The Annals of thoracic surgery
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Ann. Thorac. Surg.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Netherlands
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35. Uwa N, Terada T, Saeki N, Sagawa K, Ogino K, Sakagami M: Clinical features of 5 patients with descending necrotizing mediastinitis originating from deep neck infection. Auris Nasus Larynx; 2010 Aug;37(4):530-4
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  • Delayed diagnosis leads to death.
  • Abscess was found in the lower part of the anterior mediastinum in 3 cases and the posterior mediastinum in 2 cases.
  • We first conducted transcervical mediastinal drainage for 3 cases, however, thoracotomy was eventually required in all cases.
  • For cases of abscess in the lower part of the anterior mediastinum, early and aggressive surgical drainage in collaboration with thoracic surgeons is very important and can improve survival.

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  • [Copyright] Copyright 2009 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved.
  • (PMID = 20034751.001).
  • [ISSN] 1879-1476
  • [Journal-full-title] Auris, nasus, larynx
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Auris Nasus Larynx
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Netherlands
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36. Petersen J, Cooper G, Drew P, Silverstein B, Beave T: Paraganglioma resection requiring left atrial reconstruction. Clin Cardiol; 2010 Mar;33(3):E75-7
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  • Catecholamine secreting paragangliomas have been described in the mediastinum, but rarely invade the heart.
  • This case describes the use of a novel bioabsorbable matrix that was used to replace a tumor invading the posterior left atrium.
  • [MeSH-major] Heart Atria / surgery. Heart Neoplasms / surgery. Paraganglioma / surgery

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  • [Copyright] Copyright (c) 2009 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
  • (PMID = 20127902.001).
  • [ISSN] 1932-8737
  • [Journal-full-title] Clinical cardiology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Clin Cardiol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Catecholamines
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37. Takashima S, Nakano H, Minamoto K, Misao T, Shiota K: A thoracoscopically resected case of mediastinal parathyroid cyst. Acta Med Okayama; 2005 Aug;59(4):165-70
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  • [Title] A thoracoscopically resected case of mediastinal parathyroid cyst.
  • An abnormal shadow at the left upper mediastinum on chest x-ray film was detected, and the patient was referred to our department for further examination.
  • Chest x-ray film revealed a round shadow at the left upper posterior mediastinum.
  • Although a benign tumor was mostly suspected based on imaging findings, a malignant tumor was also possible.
  • The pathological findings were compatible with benign parathyroid cyst, which was suspected to be the cystic degeneration of a parathyroid adenoma.
  • [MeSH-major] Mediastinal Neoplasms / surgery. Parathyroid Neoplasms / surgery. Thoracoscopy

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  • (PMID = 16155643.001).
  • [ISSN] 0386-300X
  • [Journal-full-title] Acta medica Okayama
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Acta Med. Okayama
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Japan
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38. Erdogan F, Altas S, Altas E, Yoruk O, Ozmen SA: A rare location of Castleman's disease: parotid region. N Z Med J; 2008 Jul 25;121(1278):86-90
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  • The most frequent site of involvement is the mediastinum.

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  • (PMID = 18670479.001).
  • [ISSN] 1175-8716
  • [Journal-full-title] The New Zealand medical journal
  • [ISO-abbreviation] N. Z. Med. J.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Letter
  • [Publication-country] New Zealand
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39. Koscielny S, Gottschall R: [Diagnostic and therapeutic procedure for spontaneous emphysema of the neck and mediastinum]. HNO; 2005 Jul;53(7):645-50
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  • [Title] [Diagnostic and therapeutic procedure for spontaneous emphysema of the neck and mediastinum].
  • [Transliterated title] Diagnostisches und therapeutisches Vorgehen beim spontanen Emphysem der Halsweichteile und des Mediastinums.
  • PATIENT COLLECTIVE: Over the last 5 years, we treated four patients (three male, one female; aged 3-29 years) with cervical and/or mediastinal emphysema of unknown cause.
  • [MeSH-major] Mediastinal Emphysema / diagnosis. Mediastinum. Neck
  • [MeSH-minor] Adolescent. Adult. Cefuroxime / therapeutic use. Child, Preschool. Cough / complications. Diagnosis, Differential. Female. Follow-Up Studies. Foreign Bodies / complications. Foreign Bodies / diagnosis. Humans. Lifting. Male. Remission, Spontaneous. Tomography, X-Ray Computed

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  • (PMID = 15549212.001).
  • [ISSN] 0017-6192
  • [Journal-full-title] HNO
  • [ISO-abbreviation] HNO
  • [Language] ger
  • [Publication-type] English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Germany
  • [Chemical-registry-number] O1R9FJ93ED / Cefuroxime
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40. Khan T, Chawla G, Daniel R, Swamy M, Dimitri WR: Is routine chest X-ray following mediastinal drain removal after cardiac surgery useful? Eur J Cardiothorac Surg; 2008 Sep;34(3):542-4
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  • [Title] Is routine chest X-ray following mediastinal drain removal after cardiac surgery useful?
  • OBJECTIVE: Mediastinal and pleural drains are routinely employed following open-heart surgery to prevent accumulation of blood and fluids in the mediastinum or the pleural cavities.
  • CONCLUSIONS: Incidence of pneumothorax following mediastinal drain removal is very low.
  • [MeSH-minor] Aged. Coronary Artery Bypass / adverse effects. Device Removal. Drainage. Female. Humans. Male. Mediastinum. Middle Aged. Postoperative Care / methods. Prospective Studies. Unnecessary Procedures

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  • (PMID = 18539477.001).
  • [ISSN] 1873-734X
  • [Journal-full-title] European journal of cardio-thoracic surgery : official journal of the European Association for Cardio-thoracic Surgery
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Eur J Cardiothorac Surg
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Germany
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41. Kasama S, Toyama T, Sumino H, Kumakura H, Takayama Y, Ichikawa S, Suzuki T, Kurabayashi M: Long-term nicorandil therapy improves cardiac sympathetic nerve activity after reperfusion therapy in patients with first acute myocardial infarction. J Nucl Med; 2007 Oct;48(10):1676-82
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  • The delayed heart-to-mediastinum count ratio (H/M ratio), delayed total defect score (TDS), and washout rate (WR) were determined from (123)I-MIBG scintigraphy 3 wk and 6 mo after angioplasty.

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  • (PMID = 17873142.001).
  • [ISSN] 0161-5505
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of nuclear medicine : official publication, Society of Nuclear Medicine
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Nucl. Med.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Randomized Controlled Trial
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Vasodilator Agents; 260456HAM0 / Nicorandil
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42. Kasama S, Toyama T, Sumino H, Nakazawa M, Matsumoto N, Sato Y, Kumakura H, Takayama Y, Ichikawa S, Suzuki T, Kurabayashi M: Prognostic value of serial cardiac 123I-MIBG imaging in patients with stabilized chronic heart failure and reduced left ventricular ejection fraction. J Nucl Med; 2008 Jun;49(6):907-14
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  • The delayed percentage of denervation (% denervation), delayed heart-to-mediastinum count (H/M) ratio, and washout rate (WR) were determined from the patients' 123I-MIBG images just before they left the hospital and after they had received 6 mo of treatment.

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  • (PMID = 18483106.001).
  • [ISSN] 0161-5505
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of nuclear medicine : official publication, Society of Nuclear Medicine
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Nucl. Med.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Comparative Study; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Radiopharmaceuticals; 35MRW7B4AD / 3-Iodobenzylguanidine
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43. Szymankiewicz M, Kowalewski J, Dancewicz M: [Bacteriological and mycological analysis of material taken from lower respiratory tract in patients with malignancy]. Pol Merkur Lekarski; 2006 Sep;21(123):218-22
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  • The material was obtained from patients treated due to lung cancer (n=84), pulmonary metastases (n=6), primary neoplasms of the chest wall (n=2), lymphoma of the mediastinum (n=3), mesothelioma (n=1) and other malignancies (n=6).
  • [MeSH-major] Bronchoalveolar Lavage Fluid / microbiology. Candida albicans / isolation & purification. Gram-Negative Bacteria / isolation & purification. Gram-Positive Bacteria / isolation & purification. Respiratory Tract Infections / microbiology. Sputum / microbiology. Thoracic Neoplasms / complications
  • [MeSH-minor] Bronchoscopy / methods. Humans. Lung Neoplasms / complications. Lung Neoplasms / secondary. Medical Oncology / statistics & numerical data. Microbial Sensitivity Tests. Poland. Respiratory System / microbiology. Retrospective Studies

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  • (PMID = 17163180.001).
  • [ISSN] 1426-9686
  • [Journal-full-title] Polski merkuriusz lekarski : organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Pol. Merkur. Lekarski
  • [Language] pol
  • [Publication-type] English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Poland
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44. Gasparovic H, Rybicki FJ, Millstine J, Unic D, Byrne JG, Yucel K, Mihaljevic T: Three dimensional computed tomographic imaging in planning the surgical approach for redo cardiac surgery after coronary revascularization. Eur J Cardiothorac Surg; 2005 Aug;28(2):244-9
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • Standard preoperative imaging using a coronary angiogram and chest radiograph (CXR) often results in inaccurate assessment of mediastinal anatomy.
  • The combined evaluation of CXR and conventional angiography offered incomplete insight into pertinent mediastinal topography in 85% of patients (28/33).
  • In seven patients (21%) the surgical strategy was modified based on the location of patent grafts in the mediastinum.
  • Preoperative mapping of patent coronary grafts and other vital mediastinal structures reduces the morbidity of the reoperation through modification of surgical approaches.

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  • (PMID = 15993621.001).
  • [ISSN] 1010-7940
  • [Journal-full-title] European journal of cardio-thoracic surgery : official journal of the European Association for Cardio-thoracic Surgery
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Eur J Cardiothorac Surg
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Comparative Study; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Germany
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45. Poltinnikov IM, Fallon K, Xiao Y, Reiff JE, Curran WJ Jr, Werner-Wasik M: Combination of longitudinal and circumferential three-dimensional esophageal dose distribution predicts acute esophagitis in hypofractionated reirradiation of patients with non-small-cell lung cancer treated in stereotactic body frame. Int J Radiat Oncol Biol Phys; 2005 Jul 1;62(3):652-8
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  • METHODS AND MATERIALS: Seventeen patients with NSCLC received reirradiation to the lung tumors/mediastinum, while immobilized in stereotactic body frame (SBF).
  • [MeSH-major] Carcinoma, Non-Small-Cell Lung / radiotherapy. Esophagitis / etiology. Esophagus / radiation effects. Lung Neoplasms / radiotherapy. Radiation Injuries / complications
  • [MeSH-minor] Acute Disease. Adenocarcinoma / radiotherapy. Aged. Carcinoma, Squamous Cell / radiotherapy. Female. Humans. Immobilization / instrumentation. Immobilization / methods. Male. Mediastinal Neoplasms / radiotherapy. Middle Aged. Radiotherapy Dosage. Radiotherapy, Conformal. Retreatment. Stereotaxic Techniques / instrumentation


46. Karabulut N: CT assessment of tracheal carinal angle and its determinants. Br J Radiol; 2005 Sep;78(933):787-90
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  • The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of body habitus, dimensions of the thoracic cavity, location of the carina within the mediastinum, and left atrial size on tracheal carinal angle using CT scan.

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  • (PMID = 16110098.001).
  • [ISSN] 0007-1285
  • [Journal-full-title] The British journal of radiology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Br J Radiol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] England
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47. Solomon SB, Thornton RH, Dupuy DE, Downey RJ: Protection of the mediastinum and chest wall with an artificial pneumothorax during lung ablations. J Vasc Interv Radiol; 2008 Apr;19(4):610-5
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  • [Title] Protection of the mediastinum and chest wall with an artificial pneumothorax during lung ablations.
  • The objective in creating an artificial pneumothorax during lung ablation is to develop a working space in the thorax sufficient to displace the target lung lesion from adjacent vulnerable mediastinal or chest wall structures.
  • Use of this technique could extend the utility of ablative therapies for lesions adjacent to the mediastinum and chest wall.
  • [MeSH-major] Hot Temperature. Lung Neoplasms / therapy. Mediastinum. Pneumothorax, Artificial / instrumentation. Thoracic Wall

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  • (PMID = 18375309.001).
  • [ISSN] 1051-0443
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of vascular and interventional radiology : JVIR
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Vasc Interv Radiol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] United States
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48. Oaks J, Margolis DJ: Spindle cell lipoma of the mediastinum: a differential consideration for liposarcoma. J Thorac Imaging; 2007 Nov;22(4):355-7
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  • [Title] Spindle cell lipoma of the mediastinum: a differential consideration for liposarcoma.
  • Spindle cell lipoma is a benign lesion most commonly found on the posterior neck and shoulders.
  • Although its benign nature precludes the necessity of surgical resection for treatment, surgery is often required for tissue diagnosis.
  • We report a case of spindle cell lipoma arising in the anterior mediastinum.
  • [MeSH-major] Lipoma / radiography. Mediastinal Neoplasms / radiography
  • [MeSH-minor] Aged, 80 and over. Contrast Media. Diagnosis, Differential. Humans. Liposarcoma / radiography. Male. Tomography, X-Ray Computed

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  • (PMID = 18043393.001).
  • [ISSN] 0883-5993
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of thoracic imaging
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Thorac Imaging
  • [Language] eng
  • [Grant] United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / T32 CA09695-13
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Contrast Media
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49. Priola AM, Priola SM, Cardinale L, Cataldi A, Fava C: The anterior mediastinum: diseases. Radiol Med; 2006 Apr;111(3):312-42
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  • [Title] The anterior mediastinum: diseases.
  • Mediastinal tumours are frequently asymptomatic and first noted on routine chest radiograph.
  • Primary tumours in the anterior mediastinum account for half of all mediastinal masses.
  • They comprise various benign and malignant neoplasms, but a wide variety of nonneoplastic lesions (developmental, inflammatory) can present as a localised mass in this compartment.
  • The most common primary anterior mediastinal tumours are thymoma, teratoma and lymphoma; all other lesions are rare.
  • Understanding the pathology, clinical presentation, imaging and diagnosis of the major tumour types is instrumental in the safe and efficient work-up of a mediastinal mass.
  • Patients with primary mediastinal masses and cysts will usually undergo surgical resection; radiological and clinical features should prompt limited biopsy specimens followed by oncologic consultation, and chemotherapy or radiotherapy when appropriate.
  • The objective of this review was to examine the role of diagnostic imaging in the management of masses of the anterior mediastinum.
  • [MeSH-major] Diagnostic Imaging. Mediastinal Diseases / diagnosis. Mediastinal Neoplasms / diagnosis
  • [MeSH-minor] Contrast Media. Diagnosis, Differential. Humans. Lymphatic Diseases / diagnosis. Mediastinal Cyst / diagnosis. Mediastinitis / diagnosis. Neoplasms, Germ Cell and Embryonal / diagnosis. Thymus Gland / pathology. Tomography, Spiral Computed

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  • (PMID = 16683081.001).
  • [ISSN] 0033-8362
  • [Journal-full-title] La Radiologia medica
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Radiol Med
  • [Language] eng; ita
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] Italy
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Contrast Media
  • [Number-of-references] 78
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50. Hartert M, Ströbel P, Dahm M, Nix W, Marx A, Vahl CF: A follicular dendritic cell sarcoma of the mediastinum with immature T cells and association with myasthenia gravis. Am J Surg Pathol; 2010 May;34(5):742-5
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  • [Title] A follicular dendritic cell sarcoma of the mediastinum with immature T cells and association with myasthenia gravis.
  • Follicular dendritic cell (FDC) sarcoma is a very rare neoplasm showing morphologic and phenotypic features of FDCs.
  • In the following we will present a case of an FDC tumor of the mediastinum associated with paraneoplastic myasthenia gravis in a 39-year-old man.
  • The tumor contained a major proportion of immature T cells, which may be connected to this patient's very unusual clinical presentation with autoimmune phenomena.
  • [MeSH-major] Dendritic Cell Sarcoma, Follicular / pathology. Mediastinal Neoplasms / pathology. Myasthenia Gravis / pathology. T-Lymphocytes / pathology
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Azathioprine / therapeutic use. Biomarkers, Tumor / metabolism. Humans. Immunohistochemistry. Immunosuppressive Agents / therapeutic use. Lymph Nodes / pathology. Male. Thymectomy

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  • (PMID = 20305533.001).
  • [ISSN] 1532-0979
  • [Journal-full-title] The American journal of surgical pathology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Am. J. Surg. Pathol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Biomarkers, Tumor; 0 / Immunosuppressive Agents; MRK240IY2L / Azathioprine
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51. Komtong S, Chanatrirattanapan R, Kongkam P, Rerknimitr R, Kullavanijaya P: Mediastinal pseudocyst with pericardial effusion and dysphagia treated by endoscopic drainage. JOP; 2006;7(4):405-10
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  • [Title] Mediastinal pseudocyst with pericardial effusion and dysphagia treated by endoscopic drainage.
  • CONTEXT: Pancreatic pseudocysts located in the mediastinum are rare.
  • Symptomatic mediastinal pseudocysts can present with dysphagia, dyspnea, airway obstruction and/or cardiac tamponade.
  • However, there have only been a handful of reports involving successful transmural drainage of mediastinal pseudocysts.
  • CASE REPORT: We report a case of a mediastinal pseudocyst developed after a severe blunt trauma.
  • Multidetector computerized scanning of the abdomen and thorax revealed a thin, cystic, low-attenuation mass in the posterior mediastinum associated with compression of the esophagus and significant pericardial effusion.
  • CONCLUSION: Symptomatic mediastinal pseudocysts communicating with the pericardial sac can be successfully drained using a transmural endoscopic approach without the need for surgery or external drainage.
  • [MeSH-major] Drainage / methods. Mediastinal Cyst / complications. Mediastinal Cyst / therapy. Pancreatic Pseudocyst / complications. Pancreatic Pseudocyst / therapy. Pericardial Effusion / etiology

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  • (PMID = 16832138.001).
  • [ISSN] 1590-8577
  • [Journal-full-title] JOP : Journal of the pancreas
  • [ISO-abbreviation] JOP
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Italy
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52. Ng CS, Wong RH, Hsin MK, Yeung EC, Wan S, Wan IY, Yim AP, Underwood MJ: Recent advances in video-assisted thoracoscopic approach to posterior mediastinal tumours. Surgeon; 2010 Oct;8(5):280-6
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  • [Title] Recent advances in video-assisted thoracoscopic approach to posterior mediastinal tumours.
  • Minimal invasive video-assisted thoracic surgery can be a safe alternative technique in the assessment, diagnosis and surgical resection of posterior mediastinal tumours.
  • Video-assisted thoracic surgery may be particularly suited for the management of posterior mediastinal tumours as most are benign.
  • Surgical technique continues to evolve from the classic 3-port access in order to tackle more complex tumours positioned at the apical and inferior recesses of the posterior mediastinum.
  • The preoperative identification of dumbbell tumours is important to facilitate arrangements for a single-stage combined resection for both the intra-thoracic and intraspinal tumour.
  • Results from Video-assisted thoracic surgery posterior mediastinal tumour resection are comparable with conventional surgical techniques in terms of symptomatic improvement, recurrence and survival.
  • In certain selected patients, video-assisted thoracic surgery may be considered the standard of care for conditions of the posterior mediastinum.
  • Recent developments in robotic surgery for the management of mediastinal tumours are promising, however, long-term results are pending.
  • [MeSH-major] Mediastinal Neoplasms / surgery. Thoracic Surgery, Video-Assisted
  • [MeSH-minor] Humans. Laminectomy. Magnetic Resonance Imaging. Neoplasms, Germ Cell and Embryonal / radiography. Robotics. Spinal Neoplasms / surgery. Tomography, X-Ray Computed. Treatment Outcome

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  • [Copyright] Copyright © 2010 Royal College of Surgeons of Edinburgh (Scottish charity number SC005317) and Royal College of Surgeons in Ireland. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
  • (PMID = 20709286.001).
  • [ISSN] 1479-666X
  • [Journal-full-title] The surgeon : journal of the Royal Colleges of Surgeons of Edinburgh and Ireland
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Surgeon
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Scotland
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53. Mondello B, Pavia R, Ruggeri P, Barone M, Barresi P, Monaco M: Spontaneous pneumomediastinum: experience in 18 adult patients. Lung; 2007 Jan-Feb;185(1):9-14
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  • Spontaneous pneumomediastinum (SPM) is defined as the presence of air in the mediastinum, developing in the absence of traumatic, iatrogenic, or preceding pulmonary pathologies (emphysema, chronic bronchitis, and lung cancer).
  • The aim of this study was to review our experiences with SPM, underlining its symptomatology, diagnosis, treatment, and followup, and defining a reasonable course of assessment and management.
  • The disease followed a benign evolution in all patients and, as of today, no relapse has been reported.
  • SPM is an uncommon pathology with a usually benign course.
  • [MeSH-major] Mediastinal Emphysema / etiology
  • [MeSH-minor] Adolescent. Adult. Diagnosis, Differential. Female. Follow-Up Studies. Humans. Male. Retrospective Studies. Subcutaneous Emphysema / etiology. Tomography, X-Ray Computed

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  • (PMID = 17310299.001).
  • [ISSN] 0341-2040
  • [Journal-full-title] Lung
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Lung
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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54. Shibahara H, Arai T, Yokoi S, Hayakawa S: Bronchogenic cyst of the stomach involved with gastric adenocarcinoma. Clin J Gastroenterol; 2009 Apr;2(2):80-84
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  • Bronchogenic cyst, a congenital anomaly mostly found in the mediastinum, rarely arises in the stomach.
  • The pathological diagnosis was bronchogenic cyst of the stomach involved with gastric adenocarcinoma.

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  • (PMID = 26192170.001).
  • [ISSN] 1865-7257
  • [Journal-full-title] Clinical journal of gastroenterology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Clin J Gastroenterol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Japan
  • [Keywords] NOTNLM ; Adenocarcinoma / Bronchogenic cyst / Stomach
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55. Mera A, Ichikado K, Wada M, Miyajima M, Suga M: [A case of Swyer-James syndrome with interesting chest radiographs]. Nihon Kokyuki Gakkai Zasshi; 2006 Apr;44(4):354-8
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  • The chest radiograph on admission showed increased radiolucency of the left lung and overinflation of the right lung, associated with a shift of the mediastinum toward the midline on expiration.

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  • (PMID = 16681255.001).
  • [ISSN] 1343-3490
  • [Journal-full-title] Nihon Kokyūki Gakkai zasshi = the journal of the Japanese Respiratory Society
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Nihon Kokyuki Gakkai Zasshi
  • [Language] jpn
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Japan
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56. Akram K, Parker JA, Donohoe K, Kolodny G: Role of single photon emission computed tomography/computed tomography in localization of ectopic parathyroid adenoma: a pictorial case series and review of the current literature. Clin Nucl Med; 2009 Aug;34(8):500-2
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  • Ectopic locations include the carotid sheath, anterior mediastinum, retropharynx, or intrathyroidal locations.
  • In other comparisons of planar, SPECT and SPECT/CT imaging modalities, SPECT/CT permitted the highest reader confidence in localization, especially for mediastinal adenomas.
  • [MeSH-major] Parathyroid Neoplasms / radiography. Parathyroid Neoplasms / radionuclide imaging. Tomography, Emission-Computed, Single-Photon. Tomography, X-Ray Computed

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  • (PMID = 19617725.001).
  • [ISSN] 1536-0229
  • [Journal-full-title] Clinical nuclear medicine
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Clin Nucl Med
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Number-of-references] 9
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57. Song SY, Lee KS, Na KJ, Ahn BH: Tension pneumothorax after endoscopic retrograde pancreatocholangiogram. J Korean Med Sci; 2009 Feb;24(1):173-5
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  • Besides perforations, air can spread through the abdominal cavity, retroperitoneum, mediastinum, and the neck soft tissue, eventually causing pneumothorax.
  • [MeSH-major] Cholangiopancreatography, Endoscopic Retrograde / adverse effects. Pneumothorax / diagnosis. Retropneumoperitoneum / diagnosis
  • [MeSH-minor] Acute Disease. Aged. Cholecystitis / diagnosis. Female. Humans. Intestinal Perforation / etiology. Sphincterotomy, Endoscopic. Tomography, X-Ray Computed

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  • [ISSN] 1598-6357
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of Korean medical science
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Korean Med. Sci.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Korea (South)
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC2650986
  • [Keywords] NOTNLM ; Cholangiopancreatography / Complications / Pneumothorax / Sphincterotomy
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58. Tanigawa M, Ishiga T, Ichioka M, Saito K: [A case of CD56 positive T-cell lymphoma originating from mediastinal lymph nodes]. Nihon Kokyuki Gakkai Zasshi; 2006 Dec;44(12):944-50
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  • [Title] [A case of CD56 positive T-cell lymphoma originating from mediastinal lymph nodes].
  • The chest CT scan revealed left mediastinal enlargement.
  • Soon after that the lymph nodes from the left supraclavicular region to the mediastinum became swollen.
  • The diagnosis of peripheral T-cell lymphoma, unspecified (WHO classification) with CD56 expression, was established based on the results of lymph node biopsy and pleural effusion cytology.
  • [MeSH-major] Antigens, CD56 / analysis. Lymph Nodes / pathology. Lymphoma, T-Cell / immunology. Mediastinal Neoplasms / immunology
  • [MeSH-minor] Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols / administration & dosage. Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols / therapeutic use. Carboplatin / administration & dosage. Cyclophosphamide / administration & dosage. Dexamethasone / administration & dosage. Diagnosis, Differential. Doxorubicin / administration & dosage. Etoposide / administration & dosage. Humans. Ifosfamide / administration & dosage. Male. Middle Aged. Pleural Effusion, Malignant / diagnosis. Prednisolone / administration & dosage. Tuberculosis, Pleural / diagnosis. Vincristine / administration & dosage

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  • (PMID = 17233392.001).
  • [ISSN] 1343-3490
  • [Journal-full-title] Nihon Kokyūki Gakkai zasshi = the journal of the Japanese Respiratory Society
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Nihon Kokyuki Gakkai Zasshi
  • [Language] jpn
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Japan
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Antigens, CD56; 5J49Q6B70F / Vincristine; 6PLQ3CP4P3 / Etoposide; 7S5I7G3JQL / Dexamethasone; 80168379AG / Doxorubicin; 8N3DW7272P / Cyclophosphamide; 9PHQ9Y1OLM / Prednisolone; BG3F62OND5 / Carboplatin; UM20QQM95Y / Ifosfamide; ICE protocol 2; VAP-cyclo protocol
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59. Yildirim M, Erkan N, Vardar E: Hydatid cysts with unusual localizations: diagnostic and treatment dilemmas for surgeons. Ann Trop Med Parasitol; 2006 Mar;100(2):137-42
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  • The patients, who had a mean age of 41.6 years, had cysts in the pancreas, intra-abdominal cavity, kidney, spleen, ovary, breast, mediastinum, chest wall, muscle and/or subcutaneous tissue.
  • [MeSH-major] Echinococcosis / diagnosis
  • [MeSH-minor] Abdomen. Adolescent. Adult. Aged. Endemic Diseases. Female. Humans. Male. Middle Aged. Recurrence. Retrospective Studies. Splenic Diseases / diagnosis. Splenic Diseases / pathology. Splenic Diseases / surgery. Treatment Outcome

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  • (PMID = 16492361.001).
  • [ISSN] 0003-4983
  • [Journal-full-title] Annals of tropical medicine and parasitology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Ann Trop Med Parasitol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] England
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60. Sartori S, Tombesi P: Emerging roles for transthoracic ultrasonography in pleuropulmonary pathology. World J Radiol; 2010 Feb 28;2(2):83-90
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  • Finally, the limits of TUS when compared with computed tomography of the chest are described, highlighting the inability of TUS to depict lesions that are not in contact with the pleura or are located under bony structures, poor visualization of the mediastinum, and the need for very experienced examiners to obtain reliable results.

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  • (PMID = 21160921.001).
  • [ISSN] 1949-8470
  • [Journal-full-title] World journal of radiology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] World J Radiol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] China
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC2998926
  • [Keywords] NOTNLM ; Lung diseases / Pleural diseases / Ultrasonography
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61. Polguj M, Jędrzejewski KS, Topol M: Arterial supply of human and bovine testes: a topographic and morphometric comparison study. Folia Morphol (Warsz); 2010 Nov;69(4):225-31
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  • The study was made on two extremely different types of location of the mediastinum testis.

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  • (PMID = 21120809.001).
  • [ISSN] 0015-5659
  • [Journal-full-title] Folia morphologica
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Folia Morphol. (Warsz)
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Comparative Study; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Poland
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62. Fleck T, Kickinger B, Moidl R, Waldenberger F, Wolner E, Grabenwoger M, Wisser W: Management of open chest and delayed sternal closure with the vacuum assisted closure system: preliminary experience. Interact Cardiovasc Thorac Surg; 2008 Oct;7(5):801-4
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  • Furthermore, the VAC effectively prevents the contamination of the wound and the mediastinum with potential subsequent infection.

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  • (PMID = 18541606.001).
  • [ISSN] 1569-9285
  • [Journal-full-title] Interactive cardiovascular and thoracic surgery
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Interact Cardiovasc Thorac Surg
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] England
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63. Jayle C, Corbi P: [Complications of pulmonary resection]. Rev Mal Respir; 2007 Oct;24(8):967-82
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  • [Transliterated title] Les complications des résections pulmonaires.
  • Beside the pulmonary conditions that are familiar to the respiratory physician other factors add to the morbidity, notably: age, cardiovascular disease and neo-adjuvent therapies.
  • Many of these complications can be explained by the operative procedure: extent of resection, lymph node dissection, adhesions, dissection of the mediastinum etc.
  • These factors should be considered at an early stage in order to achieve prompt diagnosis and management.
  • [MeSH-minor] Cardiovascular Diseases / diagnosis. Cardiovascular Diseases / etiology. Cardiovascular Diseases / therapy. Digestive System Fistula / diagnosis. Digestive System Fistula / etiology. Digestive System Fistula / therapy. Humans. Lung Diseases / diagnosis. Lung Diseases / etiology. Lung Diseases / therapy. Nervous System Diseases / diagnosis. Nervous System Diseases / etiology. Nervous System Diseases / therapy. Pleural Diseases / diagnosis. Pleural Diseases / etiology. Pleural Diseases / therapy

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  • (PMID = 18033185.001).
  • [ISSN] 0761-8425
  • [Journal-full-title] Revue des maladies respiratoires
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Rev Mal Respir
  • [Language] fre
  • [Publication-type] English Abstract; Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] France
  • [Number-of-references] 71
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64. Maubec E, Avril MF, Duvillard P, Leclère J, Caë AL, Crickx B, Theodore C: Mixed nonseminomatous germ cell tumor presenting as a subcutaneous tissue mass. Am J Dermatopathol; 2006 Dec;28(6):523-5
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  • [Title] Mixed nonseminomatous germ cell tumor presenting as a subcutaneous tissue mass.
  • Extragonadal germ cell tumors most commonly arise in the midline of the retroperitoneum or the mediastinum.
  • Only one case of malignant primary germ cell tumor located in the skin has been reported.
  • We present the case of a 44-year-old white man with a primary subcutaneous mixed nonseminomatous germ cell tumor.
  • Microscopic examination showed a mixed germ cell tumor with a 90% immature teratoma component and a 10% embryonal carcinoma component.
  • [MeSH-major] Breast Neoplasms, Male / pathology. Neoplasms, Germ Cell and Embryonal / pathology. Skin Neoplasms / pathology


65. Robinson S, Pitkäranta A: Radiology findings in adult patients with vocal fold paralysis. Clin Radiol; 2006 Oct;61(10):863-7
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  • Ultrasound of the neck and/or contrast-enhanced spiral computed tomography (CT) of the neck and mediastinum was performed, extending to include the whole chest if necessary.
  • Nine patients suffered from neoplasms, four from vascular disease, and 12 from infections.

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  • (PMID = 16978982.001).
  • [ISSN] 0009-9260
  • [Journal-full-title] Clinical radiology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Clin Radiol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] England
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66. Amemiya M, Takise A, Kaira K, Endou K, Horie T, Inazawa M: [Obstructive sleep apnea syndrome in a patient with superior vena cava syndrome caused by malignant lymphoma]. Nihon Kokyuki Gakkai Zasshi; 2006 Mar;44(3):197-201
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  • Chest CT scan showed a large tumor in the mediastinum, narrowing of the trachea and superior vena cava.
  • Although a histological diagnosis of the tumor was not established, chest irradiation was begun to reduce the size of tumor.
  • After treatment, the mediastinal tumor almost completely disappeared, and the facial swelling and snoring were gradually relieved.

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  • (PMID = 16617863.001).
  • [ISSN] 1343-3490
  • [Journal-full-title] Nihon Kokyūki Gakkai zasshi = the journal of the Japanese Respiratory Society
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Nihon Kokyuki Gakkai Zasshi
  • [Language] jpn
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Japan
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67. Colović R, Micev M, Radak V, Grubor N, Stojković M, Colović N: [Bronchogenic cyst of the abdomen]. Srp Arh Celok Lek; 2005 May-Jun;133(5-6):280-2
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  • A bronchogenic cyst is a rare congenital anomaly that appears in the thorax, usually the lungs or the mediastinum, being much rarer in the retrosternal space, within the pericardium or the diaphragm, as well as in the neck, while localisation within the abdomen is extremely rare, with only about 30 reported cases.
  • [MeSH-major] Bronchogenic Cyst / diagnosis. Pancreatic Cyst / diagnosis

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  • (PMID = 16392288.001).
  • [ISSN] 0370-8179
  • [Journal-full-title] Srpski arhiv za celokupno lekarstvo
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Srp Arh Celok Lek
  • [Language] srp
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Serbia and Montenegro
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68. Gaya AM, Ashford RF: Cardiac complications of radiation therapy. Clin Oncol (R Coll Radiol); 2005 May;17(3):153-9
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  • Cardiac complications are a particular problem with radiation treatments to the mediastinum and breast, especially when greater than 65% of the heart is irradiated.
  • [MeSH-minor] Breast Neoplasms / radiotherapy. Dose-Response Relationship, Radiation. Esophageal Neoplasms / radiotherapy. Female. Hodgkin Disease / radiotherapy. Humans. Male. Risk Factors

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  • (PMID = 15900998.001).
  • [ISSN] 0936-6555
  • [Journal-full-title] Clinical oncology (Royal College of Radiologists (Great Britain))
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Clin Oncol (R Coll Radiol)
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Number-of-references] 63
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69. Jacobson AF, Senior R, Cerqueira MD, Wong ND, Thomas GS, Lopez VA, Agostini D, Weiland F, Chandna H, Narula J, ADMIRE-HF Investigators: Myocardial iodine-123 meta-iodobenzylguanidine imaging and cardiac events in heart failure. Results of the prospective ADMIRE-HF (AdreView Myocardial Imaging for Risk Evaluation in Heart Failure) study. J Am Coll Cardiol; 2010 May 18;55(20):2212-21
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  • Subjects underwent (123)I-mIBG myocardial imaging (sympathetic neuronal integrity quantified as the heart/mediastinum uptake ratio [H/M] on 4-h delayed planar images) and myocardial perfusion imaging and were then followed up for up to 2 years.
  • [MeSH-minor] Aged. Disease Progression. Female. Heart / radionuclide imaging. Humans. Iodine Radioisotopes. Male. Mediastinum / radionuclide imaging. Middle Aged. Natriuretic Peptide, Brain / blood. Prognosis. Proportional Hazards Models. Prospective Studies. Research Design. Risk Assessment. Stroke Volume. Tomography, Emission-Computed, Single-Photon / statistics & numerical data


70. Hochberger J, Kruse E, Köhler P, Bürrig KF, Menke D: [Diagnostic and interventional endoscopy in gastroenterology : from high-resolution chips and procedures for endoscopic resection to NOTES]. HNO; 2009 Dec;57(12):1237-52
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  • Natural orifice transluminal endoscopic surgery (NOTES) uses natural body openings as minimally invasive access to the abdomen and mediastinum.
  • [MeSH-major] Endoscopes, Gastrointestinal. Endoscopy, Gastrointestinal. Gastrointestinal Diseases / diagnosis. Gastrointestinal Diseases / surgery. Gastrointestinal Neoplasms / diagnosis. Image Enhancement / instrumentation. Image Processing, Computer-Assisted / instrumentation. Micro-Electrical-Mechanical Systems / instrumentation. Minimally Invasive Surgical Procedures / instrumentation

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  • (PMID = 19924360.001).
  • [ISSN] 1433-0458
  • [Journal-full-title] HNO
  • [ISO-abbreviation] HNO
  • [Language] ger
  • [Publication-type] English Abstract; Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] Germany
  • [Number-of-references] 120
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71. Ishiguro T, Takayanagi N, Kanauchi T, Hoshi T, Ubukata M, Yanagisawa T, Sugita Y: [Bilateral primary racemose hemangioma of the bronchial artery detected by nodular stenosis of the bronchial lumen in a patient with chronic cough and a review of the Japanese literature]. Nihon Kokyuki Gakkai Zasshi; 2009 Sep;47(9):805-11
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  • Nodules approximately 10 mm in size were seen in the mediastinum.
  • Because no pulmonary diseases that would lead to secondary vascular dilatation were evident, a diagnosis of primary racemose hemangioma of the bronchial artery was made.
  • [MeSH-major] Bronchi / pathology. Bronchial Arteries. Cough / complications. Hemangioma / diagnosis. Hemangioma / etiology. Vascular Neoplasms / diagnosis
  • [MeSH-minor] Chronic Disease. Constriction, Pathologic / diagnosis. Constriction, Pathologic / etiology. Embolization, Therapeutic. Humans. Male. Middle Aged. Tomography, X-Ray Computed

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  • (PMID = 19827585.001).
  • [ISSN] 1343-3490
  • [Journal-full-title] Nihon Kokyūki Gakkai zasshi = the journal of the Japanese Respiratory Society
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Nihon Kokyuki Gakkai Zasshi
  • [Language] jpn
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; English Abstract; Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] Japan
  • [Number-of-references] 20
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72. Lima WL, Correa NS, de Campos JL, Navarro PM, Correia Lde O: Subcutaneous emphysema after tonsillectomy: case report. Rev Bras Anestesiol; 2005 Aug;55(4):441-4
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  • CT scan has revealed free air in the malar and cervical regions (especially to the left), reaching upper mediastinum.

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  • (PMID = 19468632.001).
  • [ISSN] 1806-907X
  • [Journal-full-title] Revista brasileira de anestesiologia
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Rev Bras Anestesiol
  • [Language] eng; por
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Brazil
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73. Leo F, Galetta D, Spaggiari L: The pleural and human fibrin glue sandwich: a quick and effective post-pneumonectomy bronchial stump coverage technique. Am J Surg; 2008 Oct;196(4):e35-7
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  • The main advantages of this technique are the restoration of the natural separation between the mediastinum and pleural cavities, as well as the reduced operating time (duration 5 minutes).

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  • (PMID = 18649870.001).
  • [ISSN] 1879-1883
  • [Journal-full-title] American journal of surgery
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Am. J. Surg.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Fibrin Tissue Adhesive
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74. Hinterthaner M, Stamatis G: [Role of mediastinoscopy and repeat mediastinoscopy today]. Chirurg; 2008 Jan;79(1):38, 40-4
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  • For patients with lung cancer preoperative evaluation of the mediastinal lymph nodes is important to estimate local operability and/or to consider the necessity of neoadjuvant treatment.
  • Additionally extended CM and left parasternal mediastinotomy allow the exploration of the aortopulmonary window (level 5) and anterior mediastinal nodes (level 6).
  • In locally advanced lung cancer repeat mediastinoscopy was used after induction chemotherapy or chemoradiation to reexplore the upper mediastinum in order to select patients with a higher probability to undergo complete resection.
  • [MeSH-major] Carcinoma, Non-Small-Cell Lung / pathology. Lung Neoplasms / pathology. Lymphatic Metastasis / diagnosis. Mediastinoscopy. Neoplasm Staging / methods

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  • (PMID = 18209980.001).
  • [ISSN] 0009-4722
  • [Journal-full-title] Der Chirurg; Zeitschrift fur alle Gebiete der operativen Medizen
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Chirurg
  • [Language] ger
  • [Publication-type] Comparative Study; Evaluation Studies; Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] Germany
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Radiopharmaceuticals; 0Z5B2CJX4D / Fluorodeoxyglucose F18
  • [Number-of-references] 35
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75. Cobzeanu MD, Rusu D, Negru D, Ferariu D: [Castleman disease of the neck]. Rev Med Chir Soc Med Nat Iasi; 2005 Jul-Sep;109(3):567-72
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  • Castleman Disease is a rare disorder characterized by benign lymph node hyperplasia involving lymphatic tissue in the neck, mediastinum, abdomen, axilla.
  • Differential diagnosis included tuberculosis, metastatic lymphadenopathy, lymphoma, branchial cyst etc.
  • [MeSH-major] Giant Lymph Node Hyperplasia / diagnosis. Giant Lymph Node Hyperplasia / surgery. Neck
  • [MeSH-minor] Adolescent. Adult. Diagnosis, Differential. Female. Humans. Lymph Node Excision. Male. Treatment Outcome

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  • (PMID = 16607752.001).
  • [ISSN] 0048-7848
  • [Journal-full-title] Revista medico-chirurgicală̆ a Societă̆ţ̜ii de Medici ş̧i Naturaliş̧ti din Iaş̧i
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Rev Med Chir Soc Med Nat Iasi
  • [Language] rum
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Romania
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76. Iwasaki M, Yuasa F, Yuyama R, Mimura J, Kawamura A, Motohiro M, Yo M, Sugiura T, Iwasaka T: Correlation of heart rate turbulence with sympathovagal balance in patients with acute myocardial infarction. Clin Exp Hypertens; 2005 Feb-Apr;27(2-3):251-7
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  • Early heart-to-mediastinum ratio (H/M), delayed H/M, and washout rate were calculated from iodine-123-metaiodobenzylguanidine (123I MIBG) scintigraphy.

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  • (PMID = 15835388.001).
  • [ISSN] 1064-1963
  • [Journal-full-title] Clinical and experimental hypertension (New York, N.Y. : 1993)
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Clin. Exp. Hypertens.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Comparative Study; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Radiopharmaceuticals; 1WS297W6MV / Phenylephrine; 35MRW7B4AD / 3-Iodobenzylguanidine
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77. Parvulescu VN, Camen D, Ioncica L, Traistaru R: Right postpneumonectomy gained dextrocardia. Interact Cardiovasc Thorac Surg; 2006 Aug;5(4):517-8
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  • The negative pressure realized into the hemi thorax with lung pneumonectomy has consequences upon the mediastinum organ statics.
  • In the right lung pneumonectomy, the mediastinum moves to the operated part and disturbs the function of the vessels and cavities with thin wall or low pressure (vena cava, right atrium).
  • After sixteen years of evolution it was realized a real mediastinum reshuffle, the heart was moved in the right hemi thorax, with dextrocardia-like aspect.
  • This case is interesting because it involves the positive and differential diagnosis problems--dextrocardia, associated disorders, real complications.

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  • (PMID = 17670635.001).
  • [ISSN] 1569-9285
  • [Journal-full-title] Interactive cardiovascular and thoracic surgery
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Interact Cardiovasc Thorac Surg
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] England
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78. Wiatr E, Langfort R, Orłowski T, Grudny J, Gawryluk D, Kupis W, Usiekniewicz J, Oniszh K, Burakowska B, Roszkowski K: [Chylothorax in patients with diffuse pulmonary lymphangiomatosis]. Pneumonol Alergol Pol; 2006;74(2):209-15
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  • The occurence of chylothorax is uncommon and usually is caused by trauma or neoplastic process of the mediastinum.
  • These lesions can involve lungs, mediastinum and pleura.
  • In material taken from the pleura and mediastinum during exploratory thoracotomy - diffuse pulmonary lymphangiomatosis was found.
  • [MeSH-major] Chylothorax / etiology. Lung Neoplasms / complications. Lymphangioma / complications. Pleural Effusion, Malignant / etiology


79. Lakhani R, Nijjar R, Fishman JM, Jefferis AF: A retropharyngeal multinodular goitre. Ann R Coll Surg Engl; 2010 May;92(4):W35-7
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  • More commonly, the goitre can extend inferiorly into the mediastinum resulting in a retrosternal goitre.
  • [MeSH-major] Goiter, Nodular / diagnosis. Pharyngeal Diseases / diagnosis
  • [MeSH-minor] Diagnosis, Differential. Humans. Male. Middle Aged. Thyroidectomy. Tomography, X-Ray Computed

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  • (PMID = 20501008.001).
  • [ISSN] 1478-7083
  • [Journal-full-title] Annals of the Royal College of Surgeons of England
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Ann R Coll Surg Engl
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] England
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80. Verberne HJ, Feenstra C, de Jong WM, Somsen GA, van Eck-Smit BL, Busemann Sokole E: Influence of collimator choice and simulated clinical conditions on 123I-MIBG heart/mediastinum ratios: a phantom study. Eur J Nucl Med Mol Imaging; 2005 Sep;32(9):1100-7
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  • [Title] Influence of collimator choice and simulated clinical conditions on 123I-MIBG heart/mediastinum ratios: a phantom study.
  • We investigated the influence of collimators on (123)I-MIBG heart/mediastinum ratios (H/M ratios).
  • METHODS: The AGATE cardiac phantom was filled with (123)I in three sequential conditions: A, heart and mediastinal activity; B, adding lung activity; and C, adding liver activity (protocol I).
  • [MeSH-major] 3-Iodobenzylguanidine / pharmacokinetics. Heart / diagnostic imaging. Image Enhancement / instrumentation. Mediastinum / diagnostic imaging. Myocardium / metabolism. Radionuclide Imaging / instrumentation

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  • (PMID = 15902438.001).
  • [ISSN] 1619-7070
  • [Journal-full-title] European journal of nuclear medicine and molecular imaging
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Eur. J. Nucl. Med. Mol. Imaging
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Comparative Study; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Germany
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Radiopharmaceuticals; 35MRW7B4AD / 3-Iodobenzylguanidine
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81. Gill KR, Ghabril MS, Jamil LH, Hasan MK, McNeil RB, Woodward TA, Raimondo M, Hoffman BJ, Hawes RH, Romagnuolo J, Wallace MB: Endosonographic features predictive of malignancy in mediastinal lymph nodes in patients with lung cancer. Gastrointest Endosc; 2010 Aug;72(2):265-71
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  • [Title] Endosonographic features predictive of malignancy in mediastinal lymph nodes in patients with lung cancer.
  • BACKGROUND: EUS is useful in determining mediastinal lymph node (LN) metastases in patients undergoing staging for lung cancer.
  • The utility of individual LN features in predicting malignant cytology remains unclear.
  • OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the utility of EUS-determined LN features for predicting malignant cytology.
  • INTERVENTION: All mediastinal LNs were described according to size, shape, echogenicity, and margin characteristics.
  • EUS-guided FNA cytology was classified as benign or abnormal (suspicious/malignant).
  • The utility of LN features in predicting malignant cytology was determined and further analyzed by logistic regression, and a predictive model was established.
  • MAIN OUTCOME MEASUREMENTS: Accuracy of individual LN features for predicting malignancy.
  • According to the predictive model, the calculated probability of having malignancy is less than 4% (95% confidence interval [CI], 0.022-0.064) when none of the LN features are present and 63% (95% CI, 51%-72.2%) when all features were seen.

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  • [Copyright] Copyright 2010 American Society for Gastrointestinal Endoscopy. Published by Mosby, Inc. All rights reserved.
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  • (PMID = 20541192.001).
  • [ISSN] 1097-6779
  • [Journal-full-title] Gastrointestinal endoscopy
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Gastrointest. Endosc.
  • [Language] ENG
  • [Grant] United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / R33 CA097875-03; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / CA097875-03; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / CA097875-01; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / R33 CA097875-04; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / CA097875-04; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / CA097875-05; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / R33 CA097875-05; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / R21 CA097875-01; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / R33 CA097875-02; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / CA097875-02; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / R33 CA097875
  • [Publication-type] Comparative Study; Journal Article; Multicenter Study; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ NIHMS212817; NLM/ PMC2925200
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82. Segawa M, Kusajima Y, Senda K, Saito K: [Mediastinal granular cell tumor arising from the left recurrent nerve; report of a case]. Kyobu Geka; 2007 Jul;60(7):595-8
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  • [Title] [Mediastinal granular cell tumor arising from the left recurrent nerve; report of a case].
  • Granular cell tumor is found in various organs but is rare in the mediastinum.
  • We report a case of 36-year-old woman with a granular cell tumor in the left upper mediastinum.
  • Chest computed tomography (CT) showed a 3.0 x 2.0 cm well circumscribed tumor at the left side of the trachea in the left upper mediastinum.
  • As hoarseness was suspected to be attributable to the mediastinal tumor, tumor resection was performed.
  • It was found that the tumor involved the left recurrent nerve.
  • The tumor was completely excised with combined resection of the left recurrent nerve.
  • Histopathologically, the tumor consisted of cells with eosinophilic granules and S-100 protein positive materials in the cytoplasm, and diagnosed a granular cell tumor.
  • [MeSH-major] Granular Cell Tumor / surgery. Mediastinal Neoplasms / surgery. Recurrent Laryngeal Nerve
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Biomarkers, Tumor / analysis. Diagnosis, Differential. Female. Hoarseness / etiology. Humans. Laryngoscopy. S100 Proteins / analysis. Tomography, X-Ray Computed. Treatment Outcome

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  • (PMID = 17642225.001).
  • [ISSN] 0021-5252
  • [Journal-full-title] Kyobu geka. The Japanese journal of thoracic surgery
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Kyobu Geka
  • [Language] jpn
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; English Abstract; Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] Japan
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Biomarkers, Tumor; 0 / S100 Proteins
  • [Number-of-references] 19
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83. Paquette M, Truong PT, Hart J, Jones SO, Martens B, Christie JL, Alexander C, Joe H: Primary sarcoma of the mediastinum: a report of 16 cases referred to the British Columbia Cancer Agency. J Thorac Oncol; 2010 Jun;5(6):898-906
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  • [Title] Primary sarcoma of the mediastinum: a report of 16 cases referred to the British Columbia Cancer Agency.
  • BACKGROUND: Sarcoma arising in the mediastinum is a rare entity.
  • This study evaluates treatment and survival in a cohort of patients with primary mediastinal sarcoma.
  • METHODS: Between 1990 and 2006, 16 patients were referred to the British Columbia Cancer Agency with histologically confirmed sarcoma of mediastinal origin.
  • The median age at diagnosis was 56 years (range 21-70 years).
  • Thirteen (81%) patients had localized disease, and three (19%) patients had distant metastasis at diagnosis.
  • Age, gender, tumor location, T and N stage, tumor size, location, and grade were not associated with significant survival differences.
  • CONCLUSION: Surgical resection was associated with more favorable survival in patients with mediastinal sarcoma.
  • [MeSH-major] Mediastinal Neoplasms / therapy. Sarcoma / therapy

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  • (PMID = 20521357.001).
  • [ISSN] 1556-1380
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of thoracic oncology : official publication of the International Association for the Study of Lung Cancer
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Thorac Oncol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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84. Verberne HJ, Habraken JB, van Eck-Smit BL, Agostini D, Jacobson AF: Variations in 123I-metaiodobenzylguanidine (MIBG) late heart mediastinal ratios in chronic heart failure: a need for standardisation and validation. Eur J Nucl Med Mol Imaging; 2008 Mar;35(3):547-53
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  • [Title] Variations in 123I-metaiodobenzylguanidine (MIBG) late heart mediastinal ratios in chronic heart failure: a need for standardisation and validation.
  • METHODS: In a retrospective multi-centre study (123)I-MIBG planar scintigrams obtained on 290 CHF patients (82% male; 58% dilated cardiomyopathy; New York Heart Association [NYHA classification] > I) were reanalysed to determine the late heart-to-mediastinum ratio (H/M).
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Aged. Aged, 80 and over. Chronic Disease. Europe. Humans. Mediastinum / radionuclide imaging. Middle Aged. Prognosis. Radiopharmaceuticals. Reference Standards. Reproducibility of Results. Retrospective Studies. Risk Factors. Sensitivity and Specificity

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  • (PMID = 17922122.001).
  • [ISSN] 1619-7070
  • [Journal-full-title] European journal of nuclear medicine and molecular imaging
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Eur. J. Nucl. Med. Mol. Imaging
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Multicenter Study; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] Germany
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Radiopharmaceuticals; 35MRW7B4AD / 3-Iodobenzylguanidine
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC2275776
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85. Engleson J, Soller M, Panagopoulos I, Dahlén A, Dictor M, Jerkeman M: Midline carcinoma with t(15;19) and BRD4-NUT fusion oncogene in a 30-year-old female with response to docetaxel and radiotherapy. BMC Cancer; 2006;6:69
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  • This tumor affects young individuals, shows a rapidly fatal clinical course despite intensive therapy.
  • Information concerning treatment of this rare disorder is scarce.
  • CASE PRESENTATION: A 30-year-old woman was admitted with a rapidly progressing tumor in the mediastinum, cervical lymph nodes, vertebral column and the epidural space.
  • She then received docetaxel and radiotherapy, which resulted in almost complete disappearance of the tumor.
  • [MeSH-major] Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols / therapeutic use. Carcinoma / genetics. Chromosomes, Human, Pair 15 / genetics. Chromosomes, Human, Pair 19 / genetics. Mediastinal Neoplasms / genetics. Nuclear Proteins / genetics. Oncogene Proteins, Fusion / genetics. Translocation, Genetic
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Back Pain / etiology. Combined Modality Therapy. Epidural Space. Fatal Outcome. Female. Humans. In Situ Hybridization, Fluorescence. Lymphatic Metastasis. Polymerase Chain Reaction. Remission Induction. Respiratory Insufficiency / etiology. Sepsis / etiology. Spinal Neoplasms / drug therapy. Spinal Neoplasms / radiotherapy. Spinal Neoplasms / secondary. Weight Loss

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  • (PMID = 16542442.001).
  • [ISSN] 1471-2407
  • [Journal-full-title] BMC cancer
  • [ISO-abbreviation] BMC Cancer
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / BRD4-NUT fusion oncogene protein, human; 0 / Nuclear Proteins; 0 / Oncogene Proteins, Fusion
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC1456975
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86. Gorschlüter M, Mey U, Glasmacher A, Schwerdtfeger R, Schmidt-Wolf IG: Acute myeloid leukemia with near-triploid karyotype and extramedullary involvement of mediastinum. Bone Marrow Transplant; 2005 Dec;36(12):1107
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  • [Title] Acute myeloid leukemia with near-triploid karyotype and extramedullary involvement of mediastinum.
  • [MeSH-major] Karyotyping / methods. Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute / genetics. Mediastinal Neoplasms / genetics. Mediastinum / pathology. Polyploidy

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  • (PMID = 16247438.001).
  • [ISSN] 0268-3369
  • [Journal-full-title] Bone marrow transplantation
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Bone Marrow Transplant.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Letter
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Antineoplastic Agents; 04079A1RDZ / Cytarabine; 6PLQ3CP4P3 / Etoposide; ZRP63D75JW / Idarubicin
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87. Chakra M, Pujol JL, Lamy PJ, Bozonnat MC, Quantin X, Jacot W, Daurès JP: Circulating serum vascular endothelial growth factor is not a prognostic factor of non-small cell lung cancer. J Thorac Oncol; 2008 Oct;3(10):1119-26
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  • RESULTS: Receiver operating characteristic curves (area under the ROC curve: 0.66 +/- 0.05) showed that circulating VEGF serum level did not demonstrate a high sensitivity-specificity relationship, and therefore, demonstrated a low ability to differentiate NSCLC from benign lung diseases.
  • The circulating VEGF distribution differed significantly according to disease stage, nodal status, and performance status (PS), with the highest levels observed in metastatic stage, positive mediastinal nodal status, and poor PS.
  • This finding does not preclude a putative prognostic impact of in situ detection of VEGF and VEGF receptors in tumor specimen.
  • [MeSH-major] Biomarkers, Tumor / blood. Carcinoma, Non-Small-Cell Lung / blood. Lung Neoplasms / blood. Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor A / blood
  • [MeSH-minor] Adenocarcinoma / blood. Adenocarcinoma / secondary. Adenocarcinoma / therapy. Antigens, Neoplasm / blood. Carcinoma, Large Cell / blood. Carcinoma, Large Cell / secondary. Carcinoma, Large Cell / therapy. Carcinoma, Squamous Cell / blood. Carcinoma, Squamous Cell / secondary. Carcinoma, Squamous Cell / therapy. Combined Modality Therapy. Female. Humans. Keratin-19. Keratins / blood. Male. Middle Aged. Phosphopyruvate Hydratase / blood. Prognosis. Prospective Studies. ROC Curve. Survival Rate

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  • (PMID = 18827607.001).
  • [ISSN] 1556-1380
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of thoracic oncology : official publication of the International Association for the Study of Lung Cancer
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Thorac Oncol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Antigens, Neoplasm; 0 / Biomarkers, Tumor; 0 / Keratin-19; 0 / VEGFA protein, human; 0 / Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor A; 0 / antigen CYFRA21.1; 68238-35-7 / Keratins; EC 4.2.1.11 / Phosphopyruvate Hydratase
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88. Kasama S, Toyama T, Kumakura H, Takayama Y, Ichikawa S, Suzuki T, Kurabayashi M: Effects of nicorandil on cardiac sympathetic nerve activity after reperfusion therapy in patients with first anterior acute myocardial infarction. Eur J Nucl Med Mol Imaging; 2005 Mar;32(3):322-8
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  • The delayed heart/mediastinum count (H/M) ratio, delayed TDS and washout rate (WR) were determined from 123I-meta-iodobenzylguanidine (MIBG) images 3 weeks later.

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  • (PMID = 15791442.001).
  • [ISSN] 1619-7070
  • [Journal-full-title] European journal of nuclear medicine and molecular imaging
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Eur. J. Nucl. Med. Mol. Imaging
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Clinical Trial; Journal Article; Randomized Controlled Trial
  • [Publication-country] Germany
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Radiopharmaceuticals; 0 / Vasodilator Agents; 260456HAM0 / Nicorandil; 35MRW7B4AD / 3-Iodobenzylguanidine; IA7306519N / Isosorbide Dinitrate
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89. Mortman KD: Mediastinal thoracic duct cyst. Ann Thorac Surg; 2009 Dec;88(6):2006-8
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  • [Title] Mediastinal thoracic duct cyst.
  • Thoracic duct cysts of the mediastinum are rare.
  • [MeSH-major] Mediastinal Cyst / diagnosis. Thoracic Duct
  • [MeSH-minor] Aged. Diagnosis, Differential. Female. Humans. Magnetic Resonance Imaging. Thoracotomy / methods. Tomography, X-Ray Computed

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  • (PMID = 19932278.001).
  • [ISSN] 1552-6259
  • [Journal-full-title] The Annals of thoracic surgery
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Ann. Thorac. Surg.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Netherlands
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90. Zhao H, Chen G, Zheng HL: [Report of a case with superior mediastinum bronchial cyst complicated with infection]. Zhonghua Er Bi Yan Hou Tou Jing Wai Ke Za Zhi; 2008 Dec;43(12):956-7
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  • [Title] [Report of a case with superior mediastinum bronchial cyst complicated with infection].
  • [MeSH-major] Bronchogenic Cyst / complications. Infection / complications. Mediastinal Cyst / complications

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  • (PMID = 19141251.001).
  • [ISSN] 1673-0860
  • [Journal-full-title] Zhonghua er bi yan hou tou jing wai ke za zhi = Chinese journal of otorhinolaryngology head and neck surgery
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Zhonghua Er Bi Yan Hou Tou Jing Wai Ke Za Zhi
  • [Language] chi
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] China
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91. Nelson BA, Lee EY, French CA, Bauer DE, Vargas SO: BRD4-NUT carcinoma of the mediastinum in a pediatric patient: multidetector computed tomography imaging findings. J Thorac Imaging; 2010 Aug;25(3):W93-6
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  • [Title] BRD4-NUT carcinoma of the mediastinum in a pediatric patient: multidetector computed tomography imaging findings.
  • Midline carcinoma with chromosomal rearrangement of the gene nuclear protein in testis (NUT) is termed NUT midline carcinoma (NMC), and is a rare and highly lethal neoplasm.
  • NMCs typically occur in the midline, most commonly in the head, neck, or mediastinum, as poorly differentiated carcinomas with variable degrees of squamous differentiation.
  • This is a recently characterized tumor, and thus is still largely unfamiliar to radiologists.
  • We report a 10-year-old boy with NMC involving the posterior mediastinum and invading the left pulmonary vein with an extension into the left atrium; these findings are presented with an emphasis on multidetector computed tomography imaging.
  • [MeSH-major] Carcinoma / diagnosis. Mediastinal Neoplasms / diagnosis. Nuclear Proteins / metabolism. Oncogene Proteins, Fusion / metabolism

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  • (PMID = 20395873.001).
  • [ISSN] 1536-0237
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of thoracic imaging
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Thorac Imaging
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / BRD4-NUT fusion oncogene protein, human; 0 / Nuclear Proteins; 0 / Oncogene Proteins, Fusion
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92. Kitayama M, Wada-Isoe K, Irizawa Y, Nakashima K: Assessment of dementia in patients with multiple system atrophy. Eur J Neurol; 2009 May;16(5):589-94
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  • The early and delayed heart to mediastinum (H/M) ratios obtained with (123)I-metaidobenylguanidine (MIBG) cardiac scintigraphy were significantly decreased in patients with dementia compared with those without dementia.

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  • [CommentIn] Eur J Neurol. 2009 May;16(5):551-2 [19405189.001]
  • (PMID = 19236466.001).
  • [ISSN] 1468-1331
  • [Journal-full-title] European journal of neurology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Eur. J. Neurol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] England
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93. Shetty C, Avinash KR, Auluck A, Mupparapu M: Multiple symmetric lipomatosis (MSL) of neck in a child (Madelung's disease): report of a rare presentation. Dentomaxillofac Radiol; 2007 Jan;36(1):51-4
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  • Metabolic disturbances and malignant tumours have also been associated with this disorder.
  • CT demonstrated multiple compartmentalized, unencapsulated fat-containing lesions on either side of the neck extending into the mediastinum.
  • [MeSH-major] Lipomatosis, Multiple Symmetrical / diagnosis
  • [MeSH-minor] Child. Diagnosis, Differential. Female. Head and Neck Neoplasms / diagnosis. Humans. Lymphangioma, Cystic / diagnosis. Mediastinum / pathology. Neck / pathology. Tomography, X-Ray Computed

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  • (PMID = 17329589.001).
  • [ISSN] 0250-832X
  • [Journal-full-title] Dento maxillo facial radiology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Dentomaxillofac Radiol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] England
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94. Takahashi K, Stanford W, Van Beek E, Thompson B, Mullan B, Sato Y: Mediastinal lymphatic drainage from pulmonary lobe based on CT observations of histoplasmosis: implications for minimal N2 disease of non-small-cell lung cancer. Radiat Med; 2007 Oct;25(8):393-401
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Mediastinal lymphatic drainage from pulmonary lobe based on CT observations of histoplasmosis: implications for minimal N2 disease of non-small-cell lung cancer.
  • PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to assess mediastinal lymphatic drainage patterns from each pulmonary lobe using computed tomographic (CT) observations of calcified primary complex pulmonary histoplasmosis.
  • MATERIALS AND METHODS: We assessed 400 CT studies of patients with primary complex histoplasmosis consisting of a single lobe pulmonary lesion and mediastinal nodal disease.
  • We assessed the distribution of mediastinal nodal involvement depending on pulmonary lobes for the total number of involved nodes, the number with single-station involvement (which suggests the initial site of involvement), and the number with skip involvement which suggests direct drainage to the mediastinum.
  • RESULTS: The most commonly involved mediastinal nodal stations from the right upper lobe, left upper lobe, and left lower lobe were the right lower paratracheal node (97%, 74/76), the subaortic node (72%, 49/68), and the left pulmonary ligament node (61%, 66/108), respectively.
  • CONCLUSION: Our data show a predictable pattern of lobar lymphatic drainage to the mediastinum.
  • [MeSH-major] Histoplasmosis / diagnostic imaging. Lymph Nodes / diagnostic imaging. Mediastinum / diagnostic imaging
  • [MeSH-minor] Aged. Carcinoma, Non-Small-Cell Lung / diagnostic imaging. Female. Humans. Lung Neoplasms / diagnostic imaging. Male. Middle Aged. Radiography


95. Stouffer CW, Allan RW, Shillingford MS, Klodell CT: Endobronchial schwannoma presenting with bronchial obstruction. Interact Cardiovasc Thorac Surg; 2010 Jan;10(1):133-4
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • Schwannomas are relatively uncommon, benign nerve sheath tumors.
  • Thoracic schwannomas most often appear in the posterior mediastinum.
  • [MeSH-major] Airway Obstruction / etiology. Bronchial Neoplasms / complications. Neurilemmoma / complications

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  • (PMID = 19846445.001).
  • [ISSN] 1569-9285
  • [Journal-full-title] Interactive cardiovascular and thoracic surgery
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Interact Cardiovasc Thorac Surg
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] England
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96. Anand D, Barroeta JE, Gupta PK, Kochman M, Baloch ZW: Endoscopic ultrasound guided fine needle aspiration of non-pancreatic lesions: an institutional experience. J Clin Pathol; 2007 Nov;60(11):1254-62
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  • In recent years EUS-FNA has also been used to diagnose lesions of non-pancreatic sites such as structures in close proximity to the gut wall within the mediastinum, abdomen, pelvis and retro-peritoneum.
  • METHODS: The study cohort included 234 patients who underwent EUS-FNA of 246 lesions in non-pancreatic sites (122 peri-pancreatic and coeliac lymph nodes; 9 peri-pancreatic masses; other sites: mediastinum 12, gastric 25, liver 27, oesophagus 17, duodenum/colon/rectum 15, retro-peritoneum 8, lung 7, miscellaneous 4).
  • The sensitivity, specificity and positive predictive value of EUS-FNA in the diagnosis of lesions of non-pancreatic sites was 92%, 98% and 97%, respectively.
  • CONCLUSIONS: EUS-FNA can be effectively used as a diagnostic modality in the diagnosis of lesions from non-pancreatic sites.
  • [MeSH-major] Biopsy, Fine-Needle / methods. Endosonography / methods. Neoplasms / pathology. Ultrasonography, Interventional / methods
  • [MeSH-minor] Adolescent. Adult. Aged. Aged, 80 and over. Digestive System Neoplasms / pathology. Digestive System Neoplasms / ultrasonography. Female. Humans. Lung Neoplasms / pathology. Lung Neoplasms / ultrasonography. Lymphatic Metastasis. Male. Mediastinal Neoplasms / pathology. Mediastinal Neoplasms / ultrasonography. Middle Aged. Retroperitoneal Neoplasms / pathology. Retroperitoneal Neoplasms / ultrasonography. Retrospective Studies

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  • (PMID = 17220205.001).
  • [ISSN] 1472-4146
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of clinical pathology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Clin. Pathol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Evaluation Studies; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC2095489
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97. York D, Swartz A, Johnson A, Fielding J, Phillips JD: Prenatal detection and evaluation of an extralobar pulmonary sequestration in the posterior mediastinum. Ultrasound Obstet Gynecol; 2006 Feb;27(2):214-6
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Prenatal detection and evaluation of an extralobar pulmonary sequestration in the posterior mediastinum.
  • We report an atypical case of prenatal detection and perinatal outcome of a mediastinal EPS.
  • [MeSH-major] Bronchopulmonary Sequestration / diagnosis. Prenatal Diagnosis / methods

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  • [Copyright] Copyright (c) 2005 ISUOG.
  • (PMID = 16435323.001).
  • [ISSN] 0960-7692
  • [Journal-full-title] Ultrasound in obstetrics & gynecology : the official journal of the International Society of Ultrasound in Obstetrics and Gynecology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Ultrasound Obstet Gynecol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Number-of-references] 15
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98. Perrini P, Ventura L, Ricci A, Galzio R: Primary germinoma of the orbit. Neurosurgery; 2005 Oct;57(4):E813
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  • INTERVENTION: The patient underwent a lateral orbitotomy with en bloc tumor resection.
  • Histologically, the tumor was found to be a germinoma.
  • Periodic imaging study results of the testes, mediastinum, and the whole body were negative for tumors.
  • At the last follow-up, 24 months after surgery, proptosis had resolved, visual acuity in the left eye had improved, and magnetic resonance images confirmed complete tumor removal.
  • Although highly unusual, orbital germinomas widen the spectrum of described orbital germ cell tumors and should be considered in the differential diagnosis of primary intraorbital tumors.
  • [MeSH-major] Germinoma / surgery. Orbital Neoplasms / surgery

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  • (PMID = 17152667.001).
  • [ISSN] 1524-4040
  • [Journal-full-title] Neurosurgery
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Neurosurgery
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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99. Altaner S, Yoruk Y, Bilgi S, Puyan FO, Doganay L, Kutlu K: Multifocal mesenchymal hamartoma of the chest wall. Respirology; 2006 May;11(3):334-8
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • At thoracotomy, two sections of the mass in the right posterior mediastinum and one section of the mass in the right apex were excised.
  • [MeSH-major] Hamartoma / diagnosis. Thoracic Diseases / diagnosis. Thoracic Wall
  • [MeSH-minor] Diagnosis, Differential. Humans. Immunohistochemistry. Male. Middle Aged. Thoracotomy. Tomography, X-Ray Computed. Vimentin / metabolism

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  • (PMID = 16635095.001).
  • [ISSN] 1323-7799
  • [Journal-full-title] Respirology (Carlton, Vic.)
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Respirology
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Australia
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Vimentin
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100. Togashi K, Shinohara H, Isoda M: Primary mediastinal lymph node malignancy with features suggestive of dendritic cell sarcoma. Jpn J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg; 2005 Jul;53(7):377-81
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  • [Title] Primary mediastinal lymph node malignancy with features suggestive of dendritic cell sarcoma.
  • There was no pathological diagnosis established by either bronchoscopic biopsy specimens or computed tomography-guided percutaneous needle biopsy.
  • The middle lobe and mediastinal lymph nodes were excised, then postoperative radiotherapy (60 Gy) was administered to the mediastinum.
  • Primary dendritic cell sarcoma of the mediastinal lymph node is extremely rare.
  • Dendritic cell sarcoma is a neoplasm of reticular dendritic origin and includes both follicular dendritic cell sarcoma and interdigitating reticulum (or dendritic) cell sarcoma.
  • These rare neoplasms may pose difficulty in pathologic diagnosis and treatment.
  • [MeSH-minor] Dendritic Cells / pathology. Humans. Lung Neoplasms / pathology. Male. Mediastinum. Middle Aged

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  • (PMID = 16095239.001).
  • [ISSN] 1344-4964
  • [Journal-full-title] The Japanese journal of thoracic and cardiovascular surgery : official publication of the Japanese Association for Thoracic Surgery = Nihon Kyōbu Geka Gakkai zasshi
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Jpn. J. Thorac. Cardiovasc. Surg.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Japan
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