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1. Murawski M, Gołebiewski A, Komasara L, Czauderna P: Rupture of the normal renal pelvis after blunt abdominal trauma. J Pediatr Surg; 2008 Sep;43(9):e31-3
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Rupture of the normal renal pelvis after blunt abdominal trauma.
  • Blunt abdominal trauma with isolated rupture of the normal renal pelvis is an extremely rare clinical entity.
  • The correct preoperative diagnosis may be difficult and challenging because of the insidious onset, lack of blood loss, and frequently, lack of urinary symptoms.
  • The object of the case report is to present the case of a 15-year-old male with isolated pelvic rupture of a normal kidney because of strong punch in the abdomen during the handball match.
  • [MeSH-major] Abdominal Injuries / complications. Kidney Pelvis / injuries. Wounds, Nonpenetrating / complications

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  • (PMID = 18778985.001).
  • [ISSN] 1531-5037
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of pediatric surgery
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Pediatr. Surg.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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2. Raman JD, Bagrodia A, Gupta A, Bensalah K, Cadeddu JA, Lotan Y, Pearle MS: Natural history of residual fragments following percutaneous nephrostolithotomy. J Urol; 2009 Mar;181(3):1163-8
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  • On univariate analysis residual fragment location in the renal pelvis or ureter (p = 0.02), maximum residual fragment size larger than 2 mm (p = 0.03) and cumulative residual fragment size (p = 0.03) predicted a stone related event.
  • On multivariate analysis only maximum residual fragment size larger than 2 mm (HR 3.9, p = 0.01) and location in the renal pelvis or ureter (HR 4.4, p = 0.01) independently predicted a stone event.
  • Second look flexible nephroscopy may be of benefit in patients with residual fragments larger than 2 mm or in those with fragments located in the renal pelvis or ureter.
  • [MeSH-major] Kidney Calculi / pathology. Kidney Calculi / surgery. Nephrostomy, Percutaneous

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  • (PMID = 19152935.001).
  • [ISSN] 1527-3792
  • [Journal-full-title] The Journal of urology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Urol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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3. Mamì C, Palmara A, Paolata A, Marrone T, Marseglia L, Bertè LF, Arena F: Outcome and management of isolated severe renal pelvis dilatation detected at postnatal screening. Pediatr Nephrol; 2010 Oct;25(10):2093-7
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  • [Title] Outcome and management of isolated severe renal pelvis dilatation detected at postnatal screening.
  • The aim of this study was to evaluate the incidence and outcome of isolated severe renal pelvis dilatation (RPD; APD>15<or=20 mm) in an unselected population of 2-month-old infants prospectively followed up for 12-14 months of life.
  • Isolated severe renal pelvis dilatation was detected in 46 of the 11,801 (0.39%) infants screened.
  • [MeSH-major] Kidney Diseases / complications. Kidney Pelvis / abnormalities

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  • (PMID = 20556430.001).
  • [ISSN] 1432-198X
  • [Journal-full-title] Pediatric nephrology (Berlin, Germany)
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Pediatr. Nephrol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Germany
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4. Gaitonde K, Roesel G, Donovan J: Novel technique of retrograde ureteral stenting during laparoscopic pyeloplasty. J Endourol; 2008 Jun;22(6):1199-202
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  • The renal pelvis is distended by injecting saline through the OC to aid with dissection of the UPJ.
  • After completion of the posterior suture line of the dismembered pyeloplasty, a guidewire is inserted through the OC and grasped within the renal pelvis.
  • The OC is removed and the ureteral stent advanced until it is positioned in the renal pelvis and the distal end of the pusher has reached the calibrated mark on the Foley catheter.
  • CONCLUSIONS: Our technique of ureteral stent placement facilitates identification of the distended renal pelvis, ensures an unencumbered operative field with less chance of stent damage/migration during laparoscopic pyeloplasty, and permits accurate positioning of the ureteral stent.

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  • (PMID = 18484889.001).
  • [ISSN] 1557-900X
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of endourology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Endourol.
  • [Language] ENG
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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5. Nie X, Sun J, Gordon RE, Cai CL, Xu PX: SIX1 acts synergistically with TBX18 in mediating ureteral smooth muscle formation. Development; 2010 Mar;137(5):755-65
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  • Dysfunction of the ureter often leads to urine flow impairment from the kidney to the bladder, causing dilation of the ureter and/or renal pelvis.
  • Six1 is a crucial regulator of renal development: mutations in human SIX1 cause branchio-oto-renal (BOR) syndrome and Six1(-/-) mice exhibit renal agenesis, although the ureter is present.
  • A lack of Six1 in the ureter led to hydroureter and hydronephrosis without anatomical obstruction when kidney formation was rescued in Six1(-/-) embryos by specifically expressing Six1 in the metanephric mesenchyme, but not the ureter, under control of the Eya1 promoter.

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  • (PMID = 20110314.001).
  • [ISSN] 1477-9129
  • [Journal-full-title] Development (Cambridge, England)
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Development
  • [Language] ENG
  • [Grant] United States / NIDDK NIH HHS / DK / R01 DK064640; United States / NIDDK NIH HHS / DK / R01 DK64640
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Homeodomain Proteins; 0 / Six1 protein, mouse; 0 / T-Box Domain Proteins; 0 / Tbx18 protein, mouse
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC2827686
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6. García-Aparicio L, Tarrado X, Rodo J, Krauel L, Olivares M, Rovira J, Ribó JM: [Laparoscopìc pyeloplasty in pediatric patients. Our initial cases and lessons learned]. Actas Urol Esp; 2010 May;34(5):473-6
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  • Before surgery, patients underwent a renal ultrasound and isotope renogram.
  • Preoperative ultrasound showed a median renal pelvis diameter of 34.5 mm.
  • Median renal pelvis diameter decreased in all patients (13.5 mm).
  • [MeSH-major] Kidney Pelvis / surgery. Laparoscopy. Ureteral Obstruction / surgery

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  • (PMID = 20470721.001).
  • [ISSN] 1699-7980
  • [Journal-full-title] Actas urologicas españolas
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Actas Urol Esp
  • [Language] spa
  • [Publication-type] English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Spain
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7. Jovanovic M, Hadzi-Djokic J, Dzamic Z, Acimovic M: Evaluation of the Bard BTA-test in the diagnosis of upper urinary tract tumours. Acta Chir Iugosl; 2007;54(4):19-24
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  • [Title] Evaluation of the Bard BTA-test in the diagnosis of upper urinary tract tumours.
  • Therefore, in the present research, we examined the validity of BTA-test in patients suffering from ureteral or renal pelvis cancer, and compare results with urincitology.
  • 35 patients were included in this study (13 with ureteral and 22 with renal pelvis cancer).
  • 35 patients with renal calculosis without malignancy were control group.
  • Based on the obtained results, we can conclude that simple and rapid BTA test can have significant position in the diagnostics of upper urinary tract tumours, but we still have to search for an ideal tumour marker for transitional cell carcinoma of upper urinary tract.
  • [MeSH-major] Antigens, Neoplasm / urine. Biomarkers, Tumor / urine. Kidney Neoplasms / diagnosis. Ureteral Neoplasms / diagnosis

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  • (PMID = 18595223.001).
  • [ISSN] 0354-950X
  • [Journal-full-title] Acta chirurgica Iugoslavica
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Acta Chir Iugosl
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Serbia
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Antigens, Neoplasm; 0 / Biomarkers, Tumor; 0 / bladder tumor-associated antigen
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8. Glodny B, Unterholzner V, Taferner B, Hofmann KJ, Rehder P, Strasak A, Petersen J: Normal kidney size and its influencing factors - a 64-slice MDCT study of 1.040 asymptomatic patients. BMC Urol; 2009;9:19
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  • [Title] Normal kidney size and its influencing factors - a 64-slice MDCT study of 1.040 asymptomatic patients.
  • BACKGROUND: Normal ultrasound values for pole-to-pole kidney length (LPP) are well established for children, but very little is known about normal kidney size and its influencing factors in adults.
  • The objectives of this study were thus to establish normal CT values for kidney dimensions from a group of unselected patients, identify potential influencing factors, and to estimate their significance.
  • METHODS: In multiphase thin-slice MDCTs of 2.068 kidneys in 1.040 adults, the kidney length pole to pole (LPP), parenchymal (PW) and cortical width (CW), position and rotation status of the kidneys, number of renal arteries, pyelon width and possible influencing factors that can be visualized, were recorded from a volume data set.
  • RESULTS: LPP was 108.5 +/- 12.2 mm for the right, and 111.3 +/- 12.6 mm for the left kidney (p < 0.0001 each).
  • It is also influenced by the position of the kidneys, stenoses and number of renal arteries (SRA/NRA), infarctions suffered, parapelvic cysts, and absence of the contralateral kidney; CW is influenced by age, position, parapelvic cysts, NRA and SRA, and the PW is influenced in addition by rotation status (p < 0.05 each).
  • Depending on the most important factors, gender-specific normal values were indicated for these dimensions, the length and width in cross section, width of the renal pelvis, and parenchyma-renal pyelon ratio.
  • CONCLUSIONS: Due to the complex influences on kidney size, assessment should be made individually.
  • The most important influencing factors are BMI, height, gender, age, position of the kidneys, stenoses and number of renal arteries.
  • [MeSH-major] Kidney / anatomy & histology. Kidney / radiography. Tomography, X-Ray Computed

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  • (PMID = 20030823.001).
  • [ISSN] 1471-2490
  • [Journal-full-title] BMC urology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] BMC Urol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC2813848
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9. Uluocak N, Ander H, Acar O, Amasyali AS, Erkorkmaz U, Ziylan O: Clinical and radiological characteristics of patients operated in the first year of life due to ureteropelvic junction obstruction: significance of renal pelvis diameter. Urology; 2009 Oct;74(4):898-902
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  • [Title] Clinical and radiological characteristics of patients operated in the first year of life due to ureteropelvic junction obstruction: significance of renal pelvis diameter.
  • OBJECTIVES: To analyze the data of our series of patients either operated in the first year of life or managed conservatively because of prenatally detected ureteropelvic junction obstruction, with particular consideration for the significance of renal pelvis diameter.
  • The diagnostic accuracy of imaging studies in confirming the diagnosis of obstruction and determining the need for surgery was analyzed.
  • RESULTS: If relative function of the involved side being <40% was accepted as the gold standard, renal pelvis diameter was found to be a statistically significant predictor of surgical intervention based on the results of receiver operating characteristic curve analysis.
  • In addition, if we consider that having undergone a pyeloplasty procedure is the most accurate definition of ureteropelvic junction obstruction, the critical pelvis diameter was found to be 19 mm.
  • Renal pelvic dilation >19 mm defines obstruction that may necessitate surgical treatment with a sensitivity of 93.9% and specificity of 71.4%.
  • CONCLUSIONS: Renal pelvis diameter may indicate the need for surgical intervention or further assessment to define clinical significance more accurately.
  • [MeSH-major] Kidney Pelvis / pathology. Kidney Pelvis / radiography. Ureteral Obstruction / radiography. Ureteral Obstruction / surgery

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  • [CommentIn] Urology. 2009 Oct;74(4):902; author reply 902 [19800516.001]
  • (PMID = 19615719.001).
  • [ISSN] 1527-9995
  • [Journal-full-title] Urology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Urology
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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10. Okayama S, Matsui M, Somekawa S, Iwano M, Saito Y: Non-contrast MRI for the evaluation of hydronephrotic and dysfunctioning kidney secondary to testicular cancer. Ren Fail; 2009;31(2):153-8
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  • [Title] Non-contrast MRI for the evaluation of hydronephrotic and dysfunctioning kidney secondary to testicular cancer.
  • Gadolinium-containing magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) contrast agents have been reported to induce nephrogenic systemic fibrosis in patients with renal dysfunction, and therefore their use has been restricted.
  • However, even without contrast agents, MRI can provide much valuable information on the pathophysiology of renal diseases.
  • This report describes the case of a 90-year-old man with a hydronephrotic and dysfunctioning right kidney induced by testicular cancer evaluated by non-contrast MRI.
  • Laboratory analysis revealed renal dysfunction, after which a non-contrast MRI was performed.
  • Moreover, a retroperitoneal metastatic tumor was detected adjacent to the right kidney, which appeared to constrict the right urinary duct.
  • An enlarged right kidney with loss of corticomedullary differentiation was observed on T1WI.
  • The right kidney and enlarged renal pelvis were observed as large signal intensity areas on T2WI.
  • DWI showed an increased signal intensity of the right kidney and a decreased apparent diffusion coefficient.
  • These findings clarified that the retroperitoneal metastasis from the right testicular cancer led to hydronephrosis and dysfunctioning of the right kidney.
  • The present case indicates that non-contrast MRI is useful for the evaluation of renal diseases even in elderly patients with renal dysfunction.
  • [MeSH-major] Contrast Media / contraindications. Hydronephrosis / diagnosis. Testicular Neoplasms / diagnosis

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  • (PMID = 19212914.001).
  • [ISSN] 1525-6049
  • [Journal-full-title] Renal failure
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Ren Fail
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Contrast Media
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11. Ramachandran A, Kurien A, Patil P, Symons S, Ganpule A, Muthu V, Desai M: A novel training model for laparoscopic pyeloplasty using chicken crop. J Endourol; 2008 Apr;22(4):725-8
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • MATERIALS AND METHODS: The chicken crop and esophagus were used to simulate the renal pelvis and ureter, respectively.
  • The crop was thoroughly cleaned and filled with water via the esophageal end to simulate the dilated renal pelvis.

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  • (PMID = 18419217.001).
  • [ISSN] 0892-7790
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of endourology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Endourol.
  • [Language] ENG
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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12. Castellanos JA: SolidFlex--the fourth generation in endoscopy. Arch Esp Urol; 2009 Sep;62(7):573-9
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  • RESULTS: The SolidFlex ureteroscope prototype has retrieved urinary stones in 9 patients and 11 renal units.
  • These procedures were divided in two groups: Group I, pre-stented after double "J" withdrawal for a previous renal colic episode.
  • Group II, during the acute renal colic episode.
  • Ureteral dilatation was carried out only in Group II and after dilatation in both groups, insertion up to the renal pelvis or the area were the obstruction was present, took only a matter of 15 seconds at the most.
  • All procedures could be completed in each group and stones in the renal papilla from 200 nm, to 4 mm in any given papilla were removed either by laser energy, retrieved with a basket or both.

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  • [CommentIn] Arch Esp Urol. 2009 Sep;62(7):580 [20306584.001]
  • (PMID = 19815969.001).
  • [ISSN] 1576-8260
  • [Journal-full-title] Archivos españoles de urología
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Arch. Esp. Urol.
  • [Language] eng; spa
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Spain
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13. Lim SH, Jeong BC, Seo SI, Jeon SS, Han DH: Treatment outcomes of retrograde intrarenal surgery for renal stones and predictive factors of stone-free. Korean J Urol; 2010 Nov;51(11):777-82
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  • [Title] Treatment outcomes of retrograde intrarenal surgery for renal stones and predictive factors of stone-free.
  • PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the efficacy and safety of retrograde intrarenal surgery (RIRS) for the treatment of renal stones and to analyze the predictive factors for stone-free.
  • MATERIALS AND METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed the records of patients who underwent RIRS for renal stones from January 2000 to July 2009.
  • We identified 66 RIRSs (63 patients with 3 bilateral renal stones) and collected data.
  • RESULTS: Of the 66 renal stones, 18 stones (27.3%) were located in the upper pole or midpole or renal pelvis and 48 (72.7%) in the lower pole with or without others, respectively.
  • CONCLUSIONS: RIRS is a safe and effective treatment for renal stones.
  • The stone-free rate of RIRS was particularly high for renal stones with a small burden, except for those located in the lower pole.
  • RIRS could be considered in selective patients with renal stones.

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  • (PMID = 21165199.001).
  • [ISSN] 2005-6745
  • [Journal-full-title] Korean journal of urology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Korean J Urol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Korea (South)
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC2991576
  • [Keywords] NOTNLM ; Kidney calculi / Lithotripsy / Ureteroscopy
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14. Cornu JN, Rouprêt M, Carpentier X, Geavlete B, de Medina SG, Cussenot O, Traxer O: Oncologic control obtained after exclusive flexible ureteroscopic management of upper urinary tract urothelial cell carcinoma. World J Urol; 2010 Apr;28(2):151-6
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  • All patients underwent retrograde flexible ureteroscopy for diagnosis, treatment (i.e., holmium:YAG vaporisation), and follow-up.
  • The following data were reviewed: sex, age, ASA score, presence of a solitary kidney, unifocal or multifocal tumour, history of bladder cancer, tumour localisation, tumour size, stage and grade, outcome, recurrence, and progression.
  • The tumour involved the renal pelvis and the caliceal system in 19 cases (54%), the ureter in 8 cases (23%), and both in 8 cases (23%).
  • Tumour stage was superficial in 63% (57% were pTa and 6% were pT1) and not available in 37%.
  • Tumour grade was low, high, and unavailable in 49, 14, and 37%, respectively.
  • [MeSH-major] Kidney Neoplasms / surgery. Ureteral Neoplasms / surgery. Ureteroscopy / methods. Urothelium / surgery
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Aged. Aged, 80 and over. Female. Follow-Up Studies. Humans. Male. Middle Aged. Neoplasm Recurrence, Local / mortality. Neoplasm Recurrence, Local / pathology. Nephrectomy. Postoperative Complications / mortality. Postoperative Complications / pathology. Prognosis. Retrospective Studies. Survival Analysis. Ureteroscopes

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  • (PMID = 20044752.001).
  • [ISSN] 1433-8726
  • [Journal-full-title] World journal of urology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] World J Urol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Germany
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15. Farouk K, Bano U, Gondal M: Renal transplant in a patient with augmentation cystoplasty. J Ayub Med Coll Abbottabad; 2007 Jul-Sep;19(3):85-8
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  • [Title] Renal transplant in a patient with augmentation cystoplasty.
  • After two years she developed renal failure secondary to recurrent urinary tract infections and she was started on chronic hemodialysis.
  • On account of repeated line sepsis, a live related donor renal transplant was performed.
  • About three months after renal transplantation she reported in emergency with an episode of graft rejection secondary to severe infection and later on complicated by leakage of urine from the renal pelvis of the allograft into the peritoneal cavity suggestive of a rent.
  • A percutaneous nephrostomy of the allograft was performed which facilitated healing of the rent in the renal pelvis.
  • [MeSH-major] Kidney Transplantation. Urinary Bladder / surgery. Urinary Reservoirs, Continent
  • [MeSH-minor] Adolescent. Comorbidity. Creatinine / blood. Female. Graft Survival. Humans. Kidney Failure, Chronic / epidemiology. Kidney Failure, Chronic / therapy. Meningocele / surgery. Nephrostomy, Percutaneous. Self Care. Transplantation, Homologous. Urinary Bladder, Neurogenic / epidemiology. Urinary Bladder, Neurogenic / surgery. Urinary Catheterization

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  • (PMID = 18444598.001).
  • [ISSN] 1025-9589
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of Ayub Medical College, Abbottabad : JAMC
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Ayub Med Coll Abbottabad
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Pakistan
  • [Chemical-registry-number] AYI8EX34EU / Creatinine
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16. Romero FR, Wagner AA, Trapp C, Permpongkosol S, Muntener M, Link RE, Kavoussi LR: Transmesenteric laparoscopic pyeloplasty. J Urol; 2006 Dec;176(6 Pt 1):2526-9
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  • Patient selection for the transmesenteric approach was at surgeon discretion with the inclusion criterion of recognition of the renal pelvis and/or ureter through the descending colonic mesentery.
  • [MeSH-major] Kidney Pelvis / surgery. Ureteral Obstruction / surgery. Urologic Surgical Procedures / methods

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  • [CommentIn] J Urol. 2007 Jun;177(6):2397; author reply 2397-8 [17509370.001]
  • (PMID = 17085149.001).
  • [ISSN] 0022-5347
  • [Journal-full-title] The Journal of urology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Urol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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17. Martín SM, Müller Arteaga CA, García Lagarto E, Torrecilla García-Ripoll JR, Cortiñas González JR, Fernández del Busto E: [Squamous cell carcinoma in a duplicated renal pelvis after percutaneous nephrolithotomy]. Arch Esp Urol; 2008 Jun;61(5):633-6
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] [Squamous cell carcinoma in a duplicated renal pelvis after percutaneous nephrolithotomy].
  • [Transliterated title] Carcinoma de células escamosas en pelvis renal bífida, tras nefrolitotomía percutánea.
  • OBJECTIVE: To describe the clinical case of a patient presenting a squamous cell carcinoma in a duplicated renal pelvis, after percutaneous nephrolithotomy.
  • METHODS/RESULTS: 60-year-old male patient who was diagnosed of a squamous cell carcinoma of the renal pelvis in the pathological study of a lower pole nephrectomy after percutaneous nephrolithotomy for staghorn calculi in the left lower pole renal moiety.
  • CONCLUSIONS: Squamous cell carcinoma of the renal pelvis is a rare tumor with poor prognosis, associated with stone disease and chronic infection.
  • Taking biopsies from suspicious lesions during percutaneous nephrolithotomy may help early diagnosis and improve survival.
  • [MeSH-major] Carcinoma, Squamous Cell / diagnosis. Kidney Neoplasms / diagnosis. Kidney Pelvis / abnormalities. Nephrostomy, Percutaneous. Postoperative Complications / diagnosis


18. Chou HP, Ou YC, Cheng CL, Yang CR: Mixed epithelial and stromal tumor of the kidney. J Chin Med Assoc; 2006 Mar;69(3):140-2
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  • [Title] Mixed epithelial and stromal tumor of the kidney.
  • Intravenous pyelography showed filling defects within the lower portion of the left collecting system and renal pelvis causing hydronephrosis.
  • Abdominal computed tomography revealed a huge cystic heterogenic tumor about 20 cm in largest diameter occupying the entire left kidney.
  • The pathology report confirmed the diagnosis of mixed epithelial and stromal tumor of the kidney.
  • From pathologic survey, the spindle cells of this tumor were positive for muscle markers and expressed estrogen and/or progesterone receptors.
  • We suggest that a mixed epithelial and stromal tumor of the kidney should be considered in all cystic renal tumors presenting in perimenopausal women.
  • [MeSH-major] Kidney Neoplasms / pathology. Neoplasms, Complex and Mixed / pathology. Neoplasms, Glandular and Epithelial / pathology. Stromal Cells / pathology

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  • (PMID = 16599022.001).
  • [ISSN] 1726-4901
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of the Chinese Medical Association : JCMA
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Chin Med Assoc
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] China (Republic : 1949- )
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19. Krishnan SG, VanderBrink B, Weiss G, Singhal PC, Shah HH: Renal pelvic hemorrhage and acute renal failure associated with carboplatin therapy. Urology; 2007 Dec;70(6):1222.e5-7
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  • [Title] Renal pelvic hemorrhage and acute renal failure associated with carboplatin therapy.
  • A 44-year-old woman with ovarian cancer and normal renal function developed gross hematuria after carboplatin therapy.
  • Computed tomography scan of the abdomen and pelvis with or without contrast revealed bilateral hydronephrosis with high-attenuation material within the left renal pelvis and both ureters consistent with blood.

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  • Hazardous Substances Data Bank. CARBOPLATIN .
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  • (PMID = 18158057.001).
  • [ISSN] 1527-9995
  • [Journal-full-title] Urology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Urology
  • [Language] ENG
  • [Grant] United States / NIDA NIH HHS / DA / DA012111-10; United States / NIDA NIH HHS / DA / R01 DA012111; United States / NIDA NIH HHS / DA / 5R01 DA12111; United States / NIDA NIH HHS / DA / R01 DA012111-10
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Antineoplastic Agents; BG3F62OND5 / Carboplatin
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ NIHMS36896; NLM/ PMC2247434
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20. Stern JM, Park S, Anderson JK, Landman J, Pearle M, Cadeddu JA: Functional assessment of crossing vessels as etiology of ureteropelvic junction obstruction. Urology; 2007 Jun;69(6):1022-4
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  • Routine laparoscopic access to the renal pelvis was obtained, and a crossing vessel, if present, was identified.
  • Before mobilization of the UPJ or the crossing vessel, an intraoperative Whitaker test was performed using a laparoscopic 22-gauge needle to puncture the renal pelvis and infuse saline at a rate of 10 mL/min.
  • Bladder and renal pelvic pressures were measured simultaneously.
  • No significant change was found in the renal pelvic pressure after mobilization of the renal pelvis in patients without crossing vessels.
  • In those with crossing vessels, the mean renal pelvic pressure significantly declined after vessel repositioning (25.6 +/- 4.5 cm H2O to 9.5 +/- 6.6 cm H2O, P = 0.006).
  • [MeSH-minor] Adolescent. Adult. Female. Humans. Kidney Pelvis / blood supply. Kidney Pelvis / surgery. Male. Middle Aged. Prospective Studies. Renal Artery. Renal Veins. Urologic Surgical Procedures / methods

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  • (PMID = 17572178.001).
  • [ISSN] 1527-9995
  • [Journal-full-title] Urology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Urology
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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21. Kho VK, Chan PH: Primary small cell carcinoma of the upper urinary tract. J Chin Med Assoc; 2010 Mar;73(3):173-6
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  • We report a case of primary extrapulmonary small cell carcinoma of the distal ureter, with a synchronous small cell carcinoma of the ipsilateral renal pelvis.
  • Following a diagnosis of ureteral urothelial carcinoma, hand-assisted laparoscopic nephroureterectomy with bladder cuff excision was carried out.
  • Adjuvant chemotherapy was given after pathologic report of primary small cell carcinoma of the distal ureter and a synchronous small cell carcinoma of the ipsilateral renal pelvis.
  • [MeSH-major] Carcinoma, Small Cell / pathology. Kidney Neoplasms / pathology. Kidney Pelvis. Neoplasms, Multiple Primary / pathology. Ureteral Neoplasms / pathology

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  • [Copyright] Copyright 2010 Elsevier. Published by Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
  • (PMID = 20231004.001).
  • [ISSN] 1728-7731
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of the Chinese Medical Association : JCMA
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Chin Med Assoc
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] China (Republic : 1949- )
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22. Haga K, Aoyagi T, Kashiwagi A, Yamashiro K, Nagamori S: Lymphoepithelioma-like carcinoma of the renal pelvis. Int J Urol; 2007 Sep;14(9):851-3
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  • [Title] Lymphoepithelioma-like carcinoma of the renal pelvis.
  • She was treated with laparoscopic nephroureterectomy and was diagnosed with a T1N1M0 LELC of the renal pelvis.
  • Herein we report on one more case of primary LELC of the renal pelvis and review of the published reports, particularly those concerning Epstein-Barr virus expressions.
  • Recognition of this tumor and complete resection are essential for saving patients.
  • [MeSH-major] Carcinoma / diagnosis. Kidney Neoplasms / diagnosis
  • [MeSH-minor] Aged. Female. Herpesvirus 4, Human. Humans. Nasopharyngeal Neoplasms / diagnosis. Nasopharyngeal Neoplasms / virology

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  • (PMID = 17760754.001).
  • [ISSN] 0919-8172
  • [Journal-full-title] International journal of urology : official journal of the Japanese Urological Association
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Int. J. Urol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Australia
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23. Jung H, Nørby B, Frimodt-Møller PC, Osther PJ: Endoluminal isoproterenol irrigation decreases renal pelvic pressure during flexible ureterorenoscopy: a clinical randomized, controlled study. Eur Urol; 2008 Dec;54(6):1404-13
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  • [Title] Endoluminal isoproterenol irrigation decreases renal pelvic pressure during flexible ureterorenoscopy: a clinical randomized, controlled study.
  • A ureteral catheter was retrogradely placed in the renal pelvis for PP measurements.
  • [MeSH-major] Adrenergic beta-Agonists / pharmacology. Isoproterenol / pharmacology. Kidney Calculi / surgery. Kidney Pelvis / drug effects. Ureteroscopy

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  • [CommentIn] Eur Urol. 2008 Dec;54(6):1411-2 [18403092.001]
  • [CommentIn] Eur Urol. 2008 Dec;54(6):1412-3 [18403096.001]
  • [CommentIn] Eur Urol. 2008 Dec;54(6):1410-1 [18403101.001]
  • (PMID = 18403102.001).
  • [ISSN] 0302-2838
  • [Journal-full-title] European urology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Eur. Urol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Randomized Controlled Trial; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] Switzerland
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Adrenergic beta-Agonists; L628TT009W / Isoproterenol
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24. Matsui F, Shimada K, Matsumoto F, Takano S: Late recurrence of symptomatic hydronephrosis in patients with prenatally detected hydronephrosis and spontaneous improvement. J Urol; 2008 Jul;180(1):322-5; discussion 325
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  • Indications for surgery were associated symptoms, enlarged renal pelvis, worsening hydronephrosis on sequential ultrasonography and decrease in differential renal function greater than 5%.
  • On serial ultrasonographic followup hydronephrosis worsened to grade IV in 3 kidneys and to grade III in 1 kidney.

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  • [CommentIn] J Urol. 2008 Jul;180(1):17-8 [18485405.001]
  • (PMID = 18499166.001).
  • [ISSN] 1527-3792
  • [Journal-full-title] The Journal of urology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Urol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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25. Mueller-Lisse UG, Mueller-Lisse UL, Hinterberger J, Schneede P, Meindl T, Reiser MF: Multidetector-row computed tomography (MDCT) in patients with a history of previous urothelial cancer or painless macroscopic haematuria. Eur Radiol; 2007 Nov;17(11):2794-803
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  • Urinary tract segments included bladder, right and left upper, middle, and lower caliceal groups, renal pelvis, uretero-pelvic junction, upper, middle, and lower ureter.
  • Tumor was correctly located by both R1 and R2 in 17 patients (sensitivity, 94%; 95% confidence interval, 84-100%) and ruled out in seven (specificity, 78%; 95% confidence interval, 51-100%), with complete agreement.

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  • (PMID = 17404743.001).
  • [ISSN] 0938-7994
  • [Journal-full-title] European radiology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Eur Radiol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Germany
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26. Joseph VT: The management of renal conditions in the perinatal period. Early Hum Dev; 2006 May;82(5):313-24
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  • [Title] The management of renal conditions in the perinatal period.
  • Renal anomalies that require surgical intervention continue to pose challenges.
  • Conditions such as multicystic dysplastic kidney can be easily recognised and managed based on the experience gained with long-term studies of its natural history.
  • Polycystic kidney on the other hand while not posing a diagnostic problem remains beyond the reach of therapeutic intervention and postnatal supportive measures are the only available means of dealing with this entity at present.
  • The goal of intervention is to preserve renal function when dilatation is the consequence of obstruction.
  • Unfortunately, by the time ultrasound evidence of significant obstruction is apparent renal damage is already established.
  • Fetal intervention should be considered in those cases where severe oligohydramnios is associated with hydronephrosis, especially in the presence of a solitary kidney or in bilateral disease.
  • Postnatally, all neonates with renal tract dilatation should be managed according to a protocol which mandates serial measurements of renal pelvis diameter and correlates this with data from radionuclide scans.
  • [MeSH-major] Fetal Diseases / therapy. Kidney / abnormalities. Kidney Diseases / therapy

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  • (PMID = 16581207.001).
  • [ISSN] 0378-3782
  • [Journal-full-title] Early human development
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Early Hum. Dev.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] Ireland
  • [Number-of-references] 28
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27. Rauf F, Yaqoob N, Husain A: Mixed epithelial and stromal tumour of kidney. J Pak Med Assoc; 2006 Jul;56(7):340-1
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  • [Title] Mixed epithelial and stromal tumour of kidney.
  • Mixed epithelial and stromal tumour of kidney is a recently described, rare entity and includes cases previously termed as cystic hamartoma of renal pelvis and adult mesoblastic nephroma.
  • During ultrasound abdomen, a solid right renal mass was incidentally found in upper pole of right kidney.
  • [MeSH-major] Epithelial Cells / pathology. Kidney Neoplasms / surgery. Kidney Neoplasms / ultrasonography. Stromal Cells / pathology

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  • (PMID = 16900720.001).
  • [ISSN] 0030-9982
  • [Journal-full-title] JPMA. The Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Pak Med Assoc
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Pakistan
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28. Hager M, Mikuz G, Haufe H, Kolbitsch C, Moser KB, Moser PL: Association between atherosclerosis and urothelial tumors of the renal pelvis. World J Urol; 2008 Aug;26(4):375-9
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  • [Title] Association between atherosclerosis and urothelial tumors of the renal pelvis.
  • The present study therefore aimed to morphometrically compare atherosclerotic changes in kidneys with urothelial carcinomas of the renal pelvis and tumor-negative renal tissue.
  • MATERIALS AND METHODS: The intima-to-media ratio (IMR), which is the most sensitive marker for the degree of atherosclerosis, was evaluated in arteries (n = 492) of non-invasive papillary urothelial carcinoma (n = 128), invasive urothelial carcinoma (n = 168) and tumor-negative renal specimens (n = 196).
  • RESULTS: IMR was significantly higher and more often exceeded 1 in invasive and non-invasive urothelial carcinomas than in tumor-negative specimens.
  • Moreover, IMR correlated weakly with age and renal parenchymal inflammation but not with peritumorous inflammation, coronary heart disease (CHD) or gender.
  • CONCLUSION: Local atherosclerosis was more pronounced in tumor-positive than in tumor-negative renal specimens.
  • IMR > 1 was significantly associated with urothelial tumors and the overall odds of having a urothelial tumor were significantly greater for patients with an IMR > 1 than for patients with an IMR < or = 1, supporting the view that patients with local atherosclerotic lesions are at elevated risk for urothelial carcinoma of the renal pelvis.
  • [MeSH-major] Atherosclerosis / epidemiology. Carcinoma, Papillary / epidemiology. Kidney Neoplasms / epidemiology
  • [MeSH-minor] Aged. Aged, 80 and over. Female. Humans. Kidney Pelvis / pathology. Male. Middle Aged. Nephrectomy. Prevalence. Renal Artery / pathology. Risk Factors. Tunica Intima / pathology. Tunica Media / pathology. Urothelium / pathology

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  • (PMID = 18483813.001).
  • [ISSN] 0724-4983
  • [Journal-full-title] World journal of urology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] World J Urol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Germany
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29. Rolle U, Brylla E, Tillig B, Chertin B, Cascio S, Puri P: Demonstration of intrinsic innervation of the guinea pig upper urinary tract using whole-mount preparation. Neurourol Urodyn; 2008;27(4):341-7
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  • Renal pelvis, upper and lower part of the ureter showed an overall increased innervation compared to the middle portion of the ureter.

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  • [Copyright] (c) 2007 Wiley-Liss, Inc
  • (PMID = 17696157.001).
  • [ISSN] 0733-2467
  • [Journal-full-title] Neurourology and urodynamics
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Neurourol. Urodyn.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Neurofilament Proteins; EC 1.14.16.2 / Tyrosine 3-Monooxygenase; EC 1.6.99.1 / NADPH Dehydrogenase; EC 2.3.1.6 / Choline O-Acetyltransferase
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30. Aben KK, Baglietto L, Baffoe-Bonnie A, Coebergh JW, Bailey-Wilson JE, Trink B, Verbeek AL, Schoenberg MP, Alfred Witjes J, Kiemeney LA: Segregation analysis of urothelial cell carcinoma. Eur J Cancer; 2006 Jul;42(10):1428-33
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  • We performed complex segregation analyses on 1193 families ascertained through a proband with UCC of the bladder, ureter, renal pelvis or urethra, who were newly diagnosed between January 1, 1995 and December 31, 1997 and registered by two population-based cancer registries in the southeastern part of the Netherlands.

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  • (PMID = 16737809.001).
  • [ISSN] 0959-8049
  • [Journal-full-title] European journal of cancer (Oxford, England : 1990)
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Eur. J. Cancer
  • [Language] eng
  • [Grant] United States / NCRR NIH HHS / RR / 1 P41 RR03655; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / CA-06927
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] England
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31. Fujimoto K, Tanaka N, Hirao Y: [Partial nephrectomy for renal cell carcinoma using a microwave tissue coagulator--postoperative recurrence and renal function]. Hinyokika Kiyo; 2005 Aug;51(8):511-5
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  • [Title] [Partial nephrectomy for renal cell carcinoma using a microwave tissue coagulator--postoperative recurrence and renal function].
  • Nowadays, partial nephrectomy is often selected for treatment of small renal cell carcinoma (RCC) because T1a RCC shows a favorable prognosis with a 5-year overall-survival rate exceeding 90%.
  • This procedure was indicated for asymptomatic solitary RCC; < or =4 cm in diameter in elective cases or < or =5 cm in imperative cases, expanding outward with a clear capsule, and showing neither renal pelvis nor renal sinus invasion.
  • No significant deterioration of renal function by creatinine clearance (Ccr) was observed, and postoperative Ccr could be precisely predicted from preoperative serum creatinine value and the renal parenchymal volume estimated with 3-dimensinal image reconstruction.
  • We believe that non-ischemic partial nephrectmy using MTC is a simple and reliable nephron-sparing surgery for small RCC in respect of postoperative recurrence and preservation of renal function.
  • [MeSH-major] Carcinoma, Renal Cell / surgery. Electrocoagulation / methods. Kidney / physiopathology. Kidney Neoplasms / surgery. Microwaves / therapeutic use. Nephrectomy / methods
  • [MeSH-minor] Carcinoma / surgery. Creatinine / metabolism. Female. Humans. Male. Middle Aged. Neoplasm Recurrence, Local

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  • (PMID = 16164265.001).
  • [ISSN] 0018-1994
  • [Journal-full-title] Hinyokika kiyo. Acta urologica Japonica
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Hinyokika Kiyo
  • [Language] jpn
  • [Publication-type] English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Japan
  • [Chemical-registry-number] AYI8EX34EU / Creatinine
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32. Zhu Y, Xie C, Wang DH: TRPV1-mediated diuresis and natriuresis induced by hypertonic saline perfusion of the renal pelvis. Am J Nephrol; 2007;27(5):530-7
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  • [Title] TRPV1-mediated diuresis and natriuresis induced by hypertonic saline perfusion of the renal pelvis.
  • BACKGROUND: The transient receptor potential vanilloid type 1 (TRPV1) channel is known to be activated by multiple stimuli, albeit its role in mediating renal function is largely unknown.
  • This study was designed to test the hypothesis that TRPV1 mediates diuresis and natriuresis induced by hypertonic saline perfusion into the pelvis.
  • METHODS: NaCl or KCl was perfused into the left renal pelvis of rats at a rate without changing renal pelvic pressure.
  • Afferent renal nerve activity (ARNA), urine flow rate (V) and urinary sodium excretion (UNaV) in the presence or absence of selective antagonists of TRPV1, capsazepine (CAPZ), or neurokinin-1 (NK1) receptors, RP67580, were examined.
  • RESULTS: Unilateral renal pelvis perfusion of NaCl at 600 mM, but not 150 or 300 mM, increased ipsilateral ARNA and contralateral V and UNaV, which were blocked by ipsilateral administration of CAPZ or RP67580.
  • CONCLUSION: Unilateral hypertonic saline perfusion causes contralateral diuresis and natriuresis via TRPV1 or NK1 activation, indicating that these receptors may play a critical role in sensing microenvironmental changes in the renal pelvis to modulate renal function in health and disease.
  • [MeSH-major] Diuresis / physiology. Kidney Pelvis / physiology. Natriuresis / physiology. Saline Solution, Hypertonic / administration & dosage. TRPV Cation Channels / physiology
  • [MeSH-minor] Afferent Pathways / drug effects. Afferent Pathways / physiology. Animals. Capsaicin / analogs & derivatives. Capsaicin / pharmacology. Dose-Response Relationship, Drug. In Vitro Techniques. Indoles / pharmacology. Isoindoles. Kidney / innervation. Male. Neurokinin-1 Receptor Antagonists. Perfusion. Potassium Chloride / administration & dosage. Potassium Chloride / pharmacology. Rats. Rats, Wistar. Solutions

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  • [Copyright] 2007 S. Karger AG, Basel
  • (PMID = 17717412.001).
  • [ISSN] 1421-9670
  • [Journal-full-title] American journal of nephrology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Am. J. Nephrol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Grant] United States / NIDDK NIH HHS / DK / DK67620; United States / NHLBI NIH HHS / HL / HL-57853; United States / NHLBI NIH HHS / HL / HL-73287
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] Switzerland
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Indoles; 0 / Isoindoles; 0 / Neurokinin-1 Receptor Antagonists; 0 / Saline Solution, Hypertonic; 0 / Solutions; 0 / TRPV Cation Channels; 0 / Trpv1 protein, rat; 135911-02-3 / 7,7-diphenyl-2-(1-imino-2-(2-methoxyphenyl)ethyl)perhydroisoindol-4-one; 660YQ98I10 / Potassium Chloride; LFW48MY844 / capsazepine; S07O44R1ZM / Capsaicin
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33. Gramellini D, Fieni S, Caforio E, Benassi G, Bedocchi L, Beseghi U, Benassi L: Diagnostic accuracy of fetal renal pelvis anteroposterior diameter as a predictor of significant postnatal nephrouropathy: second versus third trimester of pregnancy. Am J Obstet Gynecol; 2006 Jan;194(1):167-73
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  • [Title] Diagnostic accuracy of fetal renal pelvis anteroposterior diameter as a predictor of significant postnatal nephrouropathy: second versus third trimester of pregnancy.
  • OBJECTIVE: The objective of the study was to determine the most effective fetal renal pelvis anteroposterior diameter thresholds and the best gestational age in predicting significant neonatal nephrouropathy and neonatal nephrouropathy requiring surgery.
  • STUDY DESIGN: Eighty-three newborns with prenatal ultrasound evidence of unilateral or bilateral fetal renal pelvis dilatation (anteroposterior diameter 4 mm or more) before the 26th week of gestation were systematically and prospectively investigated prenatally and postnatally.
  • [MeSH-major] Infant, Newborn, Diseases. Kidney Pelvis / embryology. Kidney Pelvis / ultrasonography. Ultrasonography, Prenatal. Urologic Diseases
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Female. Humans. Infant, Newborn. Kidney Diseases / diagnosis. Predictive Value of Tests. Pregnancy. Pregnancy Trimester, Second. Pregnancy Trimester, Third. Prospective Studies. ROC Curve. Sensitivity and Specificity


34. Tan MO, Kirac M, Onaran M, Karaoglan U, Deniz N, Bozkirli I: Factors affecting the success rate of extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy for renal calculi in children. Urol Res; 2006 Jun;34(3):215-21
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  • [Title] Factors affecting the success rate of extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy for renal calculi in children.
  • The aim of the study was to analyse factors affecting the success rate of extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy (ESWL) in children with renal calculi.
  • We performed a retrospective analysis reviewing records of 85 (40 female, 45 male) children (89 renal units) subjected to ESWL for treatment of renal calculi during 1990-2005 in our department.
  • As 4 patients had bilateral calculi and 19 children (21 renal units) had renal stones at more than one different site, each location was analysed separately for convenience.
  • The stone-free rates for renal pelvis, lower, middle and upper caliceal calculi were 70, 62, 50 and 73%, respectively.
  • Increased stone diameter (P=0.0001) and burden (P=0.04) were found as the most significant factors that adversely affect the stone-free rate for pelvis renalis calculi, whereas an acutely oriented infundibulum and/or a long lower infundibulum (P=0.005) were unfavourable factors for clearance of lower caliceal stones.
  • The stone-free rate in children with multiple calculi was 48%, while 29% of the renal units had retained fragments.
  • ESWL is a good initial option for treatment of most of the renal calculi < 2 cm except in the presence of unfavourable lower caliceal anatomy.
  • [MeSH-major] Kidney Calculi / therapy. Lithotripsy

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  • (PMID = 16518619.001).
  • [ISSN] 0300-5623
  • [Journal-full-title] Urological research
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Urol. Res.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Germany
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35. Araki H, Ono Y, Hattori R, Goto M, Yamamoto T, Kimura T, Ohshima S: Laparoscopic pyeloplasty using endoscopic GIA stapler for ureteropelvic junction obstruction. J Endourol; 2005 Mar;19(2):143-6
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  • PATIENTS AND METHODS: From August 1996 to March 2003, eight female and two male patients with a mean age of 22.3 years suffering from UPJ obstruction diagnosed by various combinations of ultrasonography, excretory urography, retrograde ureteropyelography, CT, and MRI were treated with laparoscopic dismembered Anderson-Hynes pyeloplasty with resection of a dilated redundant renal pelvis.

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  • (PMID = 15798407.001).
  • [ISSN] 0892-7790
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of endourology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Endourol.
  • [Language] ENG
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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36. Bandyopadhyay R, Biswas S, Nag D, Ghosh AK: Squamous cell carcinoma of the renal pelvis presenting as hydronephrosis. J Cancer Res Ther; 2010 Oct-Dec;6(4):537-9
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  • [Title] Squamous cell carcinoma of the renal pelvis presenting as hydronephrosis.
  • Primary malignant tumors of the renal pelvis are relatively rare with squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) accounting for 0.7% to 7%.
  • There was no evidence of renal calculi or other predisposing factors.
  • The case highlights the rarity of the tumor in the absence of calculi, as well as the importance of a careful study of a gross specimen and histologic sections in every case of hydronephrosis.
  • [MeSH-major] Carcinoma, Squamous Cell / diagnosis. Hydronephrosis / diagnosis. Kidney Pelvis / pathology
  • [MeSH-minor] Diagnosis, Differential. Humans. Male. Middle Aged


37. Cauberg EC, Salomons MA, Kümmerlin IP, de Reijke TM, Zwinderman AH, de la Rosette JJ, Kate FJ, Laguna Pes MP: Trends in epidemiology and treatment of upper urinary tract tumours in the Netherlands 1995-2005: an analysis of PALGA, the Dutch national histopathology registry. BJU Int; 2010 Apr;105(7):922-7
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  • Pathology reports of all primary surgical procedures or biopsies without further surgical treatment within the next year, of cancer of the renal pelvis or ureter during the period 1995-2005, were included.
  • The number of surgically treated UUT tumours per year, type of treatment and tumour characteristics were recorded.
  • The distribution according to side was similar (left 44.1%, right 41.5%), bilateral tumours were rare (0.6%) and most tumours were in the renal pelvis (51.3%).
  • [MeSH-minor] Aged. Aged, 80 and over. Epidemiologic Methods. Female. Humans. Male. Middle Aged. Neoplasm Invasiveness. Netherlands / epidemiology

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  • (PMID = 19804428.001).
  • [ISSN] 1464-410X
  • [Journal-full-title] BJU international
  • [ISO-abbreviation] BJU Int.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] England
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38. Gopaldas R, Rastogi V, Gulick T: A case of pyonephrosis secondary to ureteral stent calculus. Int Urol Nephrol; 2005;37(3):467-70
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  • Our case is that of an elderly male with a history of intractable hypertension presenting with urosepsis, anemia, diabetes and chronic renal failure.
  • His work-up revealed a stent in the right kidney with secondary staghorn calcification in the renal pelvis and a large vesical calculus.
  • A nuclear scan revealed a complete loss of renal function.

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39. Watson P, Vasen HFA, Mecklin JP, Bernstein I, Aarnio M, Järvinen HJ, Myrhøj T, Sunde L, Wijnen JT, Lynch HT: The risk of extra-colonic, extra-endometrial cancer in the Lynch syndrome. Int J Cancer; 2008 Jul 15;123(2):444-449
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  • Persons with the Lynch syndrome (LS) are at high risk for cancer, including cancers of the small bowel, stomach, upper urologic tract (renal pelvis and ureter), ovary, biliary tract and brain tumors, in addition to the more commonly observed colorectal and endometrial cancers.

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  • [Copyright] (c) 2008 Wiley-Liss, Inc.
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  • (PMID = 18398828.001).
  • [ISSN] 1097-0215
  • [Journal-full-title] International journal of cancer
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Int. J. Cancer
  • [Language] eng
  • [Grant] United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / U01 CA086389; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / U01 CA086389-09; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / 1U01 CA 86389
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Meta-Analysis; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Adaptor Proteins, Signal Transducing; 0 / MLH1 protein, human; 0 / Nuclear Proteins; EC 3.6.1.3 / MSH2 protein, human; EC 3.6.1.3 / MutL Protein Homolog 1; EC 3.6.1.3 / MutS Homolog 2 Protein
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ NIHMS86985; NLM/ PMC2627772
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40. Wu XR, Kong XP, Pellicer A, Kreibich G, Sun TT: Uroplakins in urothelial biology, function, and disease. Kidney Int; 2009 Jun;75(11):1153-65
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  • Urothelium covers the inner surfaces of the renal pelvis, ureter, bladder, and prostatic urethra.
  • The urothelial surface bears specific receptors that not only allow uropathogenic E. coli to attach to and invade the bladder mucosa, but also provide a route by which the bacteria ascend through the ureters to the kidney to cause pyelonephritis.
  • Genetic ablation of one or more uroplakin genes in mice causes severe retrograde vesicoureteral reflux, hydronephrosis, and renal failure, conditions that mirror certain human congenital diseases.

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  • (PMID = 19340092.001).
  • [ISSN] 1523-1755
  • [Journal-full-title] Kidney international
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Kidney Int.
  • [Language] ENG
  • [Grant] United States / NIDDK NIH HHS / DK / R01 DK056903; United States / NIDDK NIH HHS / DK / DK69688; United States / NIDDK NIH HHS / DK / R01 DK069688; United States / NIDDK NIH HHS / DK / R01 DK039753; United States / NIDDK NIH HHS / DK / (DK52206; United States / NIDDK NIH HHS / DK / DK39753; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / CA16087; United States / NIDDK NIH HHS / DK / P01 DK052206
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.; Review
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Membrane Glycoproteins; 0 / Tetraspanins; 0 / Upk1a protein, mouse
  • [Number-of-references] 151
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ NIHMS488187; NLM/ PMC3717210
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41. Cerwinka WH, Manoharan M, Soloway MS, Ciancio G: The role of liver transplantation techniques in the surgical management of advanced renal urothelial carcinoma with or without inferior vena cava thrombus. Int Braz J Urol; 2009 Jan-Feb;35(1):19-23
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  • [Title] The role of liver transplantation techniques in the surgical management of advanced renal urothelial carcinoma with or without inferior vena cava thrombus.
  • Large and locally-advanced urothelial carcinoma of the kidney with or without extension into the inferior vena cava is rare.
  • The purpose of this study was to present the surgical management of large and locally-advanced urothelial tumors arising from the renal pelvis using liver transplantation techniques and to evaluate patient outcome.
  • MATERIALS AND METHODS: Diagnostic work-up and surgical management of 4 patients with large and locally-advanced renal urothelial carcinoma were retrospectively reviewed.
  • Mean tumor size was 11.6 cm.
  • All patients underwent surgery, 2 patients with the presumed diagnosis of renal cell cancer.
  • CONCLUSIONS: Large and locally-advanced renal masses of urothelial origin can be successfully removed by a combination of radical nephrectomy with liver transplantation techniques.
  • Since long-term outcome of such patients has been poor, accurate preoperative diagnosis is essential to consider neoadjuvant treatment and to plan nephroureterectomy.
  • [MeSH-major] Carcinoma, Renal Cell / surgery. Kidney Neoplasms / surgery. Liver Transplantation / methods. Urinary Bladder Neoplasms / surgery. Vena Cava, Inferior / surgery. Venous Thrombosis / surgery


42. El-Shazly MA, Moon DA, Eden CG: Laparoscopic pyeloplasty: status and review of literature. J Endourol; 2007 Jul;21(7):673-8
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  • The ideal treatment for ureteropelvic junction (UPJ) obstruction should have the highest success rate, enable treatment of all types of obstruction, allow removal coexisting renal stones, and be minimally invasive.
  • However, access to the renal pelvis requires considerable mobilization and retraction of the overlying loops of bowel.

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  • (PMID = 17705747.001).
  • [ISSN] 0892-7790
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of endourology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Endourol.
  • [Language] ENG
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Fibrin Tissue Adhesive
  • [Number-of-references] 45
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43. Taha MA, Shokeir AA, Osman HG, Abd el-Aziz Ael-A, Farahat SE: Diagnosis of ureteropelvic junction obstruction in children: role of endothelin-1 in voided urine. Urology; 2007 Mar;69(3):560-4; discussion 564-5
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  • [Title] Diagnosis of ureteropelvic junction obstruction in children: role of endothelin-1 in voided urine.
  • OBJECTIVES: To examine the role of voided urine endothelin-1 (ET-1) in the diagnosis and follow-up of children with ureteropelvic junction obstruction.
  • METHODS: The study included 35 children with unilateral ureteropelvic junction obstruction who underwent pyeloplasty and 30 control children, including 10 healthy children, 10 with vesicoureteral reflux, and 10 with renal stones.
  • Voided urine samples were obtained from the children in the study group before surgery and from the renal pelvis by needle aspiration during pyeloplasty.
  • CONCLUSIONS: The ET-1 level in voided urine is a useful marker that could be used as a noninvasive tool for the diagnosis and long-term follow-up of children with ureteropelvic junction obstruction.
  • [MeSH-major] Endothelin-1 / urine. Kidney Pelvis. Ureteral Obstruction / diagnosis
  • [MeSH-minor] Age Factors. Biomarkers / urine. Child. Child, Preschool. Creatinine / urine. Dilatation, Pathologic. Female. Humans. Infant. Kidney / pathology. Male. Prospective Studies. ROC Curve. Sensitivity and Specificity

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  • (PMID = 17382166.001).
  • [ISSN] 1527-9995
  • [Journal-full-title] Urology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Urology
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Biomarkers; 0 / Endothelin-1; AYI8EX34EU / Creatinine
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44. Gambaro G, Fabris A, Citron L, Tosetto E, Anglani F, Bellan F, Conte M, Bonfante L, Lupo A, D'Angelo A: An unusual association of contralateral congenital small kidney, reduced renal function and hyperparathyroidism in sponge kidney patients: on the track of the molecular basis. Nephrol Dial Transplant; 2005 Jun;20(6):1042-7
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  • [Title] An unusual association of contralateral congenital small kidney, reduced renal function and hyperparathyroidism in sponge kidney patients: on the track of the molecular basis.
  • Of unknown pathogenesis, sponge kidney (SK) is variably associated with nephrocalcinosis, stones, nephronic tubule dysfunctions and precalyceal duct cysts.
  • Amongst 72 unrelated renal SK patients with renal stone disease, we detected one with unilateral bifid renal pelvis and six with unilateral small kidneys (longitudinal diameter difference >15%).
  • Secondary causes of small kidney were excluded.
  • Of the seven cases, four had reduced renal function (67 vs 7% in the entire cohort), and three developed hyperparathyroidism during follow-up (43 vs 4%).
  • This would explain: the concurrent alterations in precalyceal ducts and the functional defects in the nephron, the occasional association with size and the functional asymmetry between the two kidneys, some degree of renal dysplasia causing the reduction in the glomerular filtration rate and (given the role of RET in parathyroid cell proliferation) the association with hyperparathyroidism.
  • [MeSH-major] Hyperparathyroidism / epidemiology. Kidney / abnormalities. Medullary Sponge Kidney / epidemiology. Medullary Sponge Kidney / genetics. Nerve Growth Factors / genetics. Oncogene Proteins / genetics. Receptor Protein-Tyrosine Kinases / genetics

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  • (PMID = 15814540.001).
  • [ISSN] 0931-0509
  • [Journal-full-title] Nephrology, dialysis, transplantation : official publication of the European Dialysis and Transplant Association - European Renal Association
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Nephrol. Dial. Transplant.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / GDNF protein, human; 0 / Glial Cell Line-Derived Neurotrophic Factor; 0 / Nerve Growth Factors; 0 / Oncogene Proteins; 0 / Parathyroid Hormone; EC 2.7.10.1 / Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-ret; EC 2.7.10.1 / RET protein, human; EC 2.7.10.1 / Receptor Protein-Tyrosine Kinases
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45. Romih R, Korosec P, de Mello W Jr, Jezernik K: Differentiation of epithelial cells in the urinary tract. Cell Tissue Res; 2005 May;320(2):259-68
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  • In the simple epithelium covering the inner medulla of the renal pelvis, no uroplakins or cytokeratin 20 were detected and cells had microvilli on their apical surface.

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  • (PMID = 15778856.001).
  • [ISSN] 0302-766X
  • [Journal-full-title] Cell and tissue research
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Cell Tissue Res.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Comparative Study; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] Germany
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Membrane Glycoproteins; 0 / Tetraspanins; 0 / Upk1a protein, mouse; 0 / Upk1b protein, mouse; 0 / Uroplakin III; 68238-35-7 / Keratins
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46. Kobori Y, Shigehara K, Amano T, Takemae K: [Port site metastasis of primary adenocarcinoma of the renal pelvis after a laparoscopic nephrectomy: a case report]. Hinyokika Kiyo; 2005 Feb;51(2):105-8
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  • [Title] [Port site metastasis of primary adenocarcinoma of the renal pelvis after a laparoscopic nephrectomy: a case report].
  • We report a case of port site metastasis of primary adenocarcinoma of the renal pelvis after a laparoscopic nephrectomy.
  • Computed tomography revealed severe hydronephrosis in the left kidney.
  • However, antegrade and retrograde pyelography revealed no filling defects and urine cytopathology for renal pelvis showed no malignancy.
  • There were some papillary tumors in the renal pelvis and a histopathological examination of the tumor revealed a papillary adenocarcinoma.
  • She died of multiple metastases from adenocarcinoma of the renal pelvis 4 months after port site metastasis.
  • [MeSH-major] Adenocarcinoma, Papillary / pathology. Adenocarcinoma, Papillary / secondary. Kidney Neoplasms / pathology. Kidney Neoplasms / surgery. Kidney Pelvis. Laparoscopy. Muscle Neoplasms / secondary. Nephrectomy. Psoas Muscles
  • [MeSH-minor] Abdominal Muscles. Aged. Biomarkers, Tumor / blood. CA-19-9 Antigen / blood. Diagnostic Imaging. Fatal Outcome. Female. Humans. Time Factors

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  • (PMID = 15773363.001).
  • [ISSN] 0018-1994
  • [Journal-full-title] Hinyokika kiyo. Acta urologica Japonica
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Hinyokika Kiyo
  • [Language] jpn
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Japan
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Biomarkers, Tumor; 0 / CA-19-9 Antigen
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47. Deyl RT, Averbeck MA, Almeida GL, Pioner GT, Souto CA: Appendix interposition for total left ureteral reconstruction. J Pediatr Urol; 2009 Jun;5(3):237-9
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  • CASE REPORT: We report the first case of total left ureteral reconstruction with cecal appendix to connect the renal pelvis of a native kidney to the urinary bladder in a 3-month-old child with ureteral necrosis following pyeloplasty.
  • Postoperative intravenous pyelogram showed good flow of dye from the pelvis past the appendicular graft into the bladder.
  • Surveillance for late operative complications is required, since this is the first case of total left ureteral reconstruction with appendix to connect the renal pelvis of a native kidney to the urinary bladder.
  • [MeSH-minor] Humans. Infant. Kidney Pelvis / surgery. Male. Necrosis. Postoperative Complications / pathology. Postoperative Complications / surgery. Surgical Wound Dehiscence / pathology. Surgical Wound Dehiscence / surgery. Transplantation, Autologous. Urinary Bladder / surgery

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  • (PMID = 19109072.001).
  • [ISSN] 1873-4898
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of pediatric urology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Pediatr Urol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] England
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48. Triantopoulou C, Malachias G, Maniatis P, Anastopoulos J, Siafas I, Papailiou J: Renal lesions associated with autoimmune pancreatitis: CT findings. Acta Radiol; 2010 Jul;51(6):702-7
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  • [Title] Renal lesions associated with autoimmune pancreatitis: CT findings.
  • PURPOSE: To investigate the incidence and types of renal involvement in patients with AIP.
  • MATERIAL AND METHODS: Eighteen patients with no history of renal disease and a diagnosis of AIP (on the basis of histopathologic findings or a combination of characteristic imaging features, increased serum IgG4 levels, and response to steroid treatment) were included.
  • CT images were reviewed for the presence of renal lesions.
  • RESULTS: Seven patients had renal involvement (38.8%).
  • Pyelonephritis, lymphoma, and metastases were considered in the differential diagnosis.
  • An ill-defined low-attenuation mass-like lesion was found in one patient, while diffuse thickening of the renal pelvis wall was evident in the last two cases.
  • Renal lesions regressed in all patients after steroid treatment, the larger one leaving a fibrous cortical scar.
  • CONCLUSION: Different types of renal lesions in patients with AIP are relatively common, appearing as multiple nodules with decreased enhancement.
  • Autoimmune disease should be suspected in cases of renal involvement in association with pancreatic focal or diffuse enlargement.
  • [MeSH-major] Autoimmune Diseases / radiography. Kidney Diseases / radiography. Pancreatitis / radiography. Tomography, X-Ray Computed


49. Wilkinson AG, Rajan P, MacKinlay GA: Endoluminal balloon dilatation for pelvi-ureteric junction obstruction in children: an effective alternative to open pyeloplasty. J Pediatr Urol; 2005 Aug;1(4):301-5
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  • [Title] Endoluminal balloon dilatation for pelvi-ureteric junction obstruction in children: an effective alternative to open pyeloplasty.
  • OBJECTIVE: Pelvi-ureteric junction obstruction (PUJO) is one of the commonest causes of paediatric urinary tract obstruction.
  • Median diameter of the renal pelvis and MAG3 drainage scores improved from 34 to 16 mm and 4 to 3, respectively, from pre-dilatation to most recent follow up.

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  • (PMID = 18947556.001).
  • [ISSN] 1873-4898
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of pediatric urology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Pediatr Urol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] England
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50. Dave S, Khoury AE, Braga L, Farhat WA: Single-institutional study on role of ureteroscopy and retrograde intrarenal surgery in treatment of pediatric renal calculi. Urology; 2008 Nov;72(5):1018-21
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  • [Title] Single-institutional study on role of ureteroscopy and retrograde intrarenal surgery in treatment of pediatric renal calculi.
  • OBJECTIVES: Ureteroscopy (URS) is accepted as a primary modality to treat ureteral calculi in children and extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy and percutaneous nephrolithotomy continue to be the primary option for renal stones.
  • METHODS: A retrospective chart review was performed for all children who underwent URS for renal stones from 1999 to 2004.
  • The stones were located in the renal pelvis in 8 patients, and the polar regions in 4 and 7 patients had partial staghorn calculi with >1 caliceal extension.
  • The primary and secondary success rate for patients with renal calculi was 80% (5 of 8) and 66% (2 of 3) for pelvic stones and 100% (4 of 4) for polar stones.
  • CONCLUSIONS: URS achieves reasonable results with minimal complications in pediatric patients with renal pelvic calculi.
  • Additional studies are necessary to define the role of URS as an option in the surgical treatment of children with renal calculi.
  • [MeSH-major] Kidney Calculi / surgery. Ureteral Calculi / surgery. Ureteroscopy

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  • [CommentIn] Urology. 2009 Jun;73(6):1429 [19482172.001]
  • (PMID = 18585764.001).
  • [ISSN] 1527-9995
  • [Journal-full-title] Urology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Urology
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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51. Scardapane A, Pagliarulo V, Ianora AA, Pagliarulo A, Angelelli G: Contrast-enhanced multislice pneumo-CT-cystography in the evaluation of urinary bladder neoplasms. Eur J Radiol; 2008 May;66(2):246-52
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  • In four patients hydronephrosis was present, while in one case a synchronous lesion was evident in the renal pelvis.
  • CONCLUSION: Contrast-enhanced MSCT with air distension of the urinary bladder is a safe and complete investigation to evaluate the local stage of bladder cancer and to evaluate the ureteral extension of the tumor, as well as the presence of synchronous lesions.

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  • (PMID = 17629431.001).
  • [ISSN] 0720-048X
  • [Journal-full-title] European journal of radiology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Eur J Radiol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Ireland
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Contrast Media
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52. Palacios A, Lima O, Massó P, Osório L, Versos R, Soares J, Marcelo F: [Tubulovillous adenocarcinoma of the renal pelvis. Case report]. Arch Esp Urol; 2006 Nov;59(9):916-9
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  • [Title] [Tubulovillous adenocarcinoma of the renal pelvis. Case report].
  • [Transliterated title] Adenocarcinoma túbulovelloso de la pelvis renal. A propósito de un caso.
  • OBJECTIVE: To present a case of tubulovillous renal pelvis adenocarcinoma.
  • A nephrectomy was performed and pathological exam revealed tubulovillous renal pelvis adenocarcinoma.
  • CONCLUSIONS: Renal pelvis adenocarcinoma is a rare disease.
  • [MeSH-major] Adenocarcinoma / diagnosis. Kidney Neoplasms / diagnosis. Kidney Pelvis

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  • (PMID = 17190219.001).
  • [ISSN] 0004-0614
  • [Journal-full-title] Archivos españoles de urología
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Arch. Esp. Urol.
  • [Language] spa
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Spain
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53. Vaidyanathan S, Hughes PL, Soni BM: Bilateral renal milk of calcium masquerading as nephrolithiasis in patients with spinal cord injury. Adv Ther; 2007 May-Jun;24(3):533-44
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Bilateral renal milk of calcium masquerading as nephrolithiasis in patients with spinal cord injury.
  • Crescent- or hemisphere-shaped calcium density with a sharp horizontal upper border at the milk of calcium-clear fluid interface confirms the diagnosis.
  • Bilateral milk of calcium in the renal pelvis or in dilated calyces is very rare and has not been reported in patients with spinal cord injury.
  • X-ray of the kidneys, taken with the vertical beam while the patient lay supine, revealed a poorly defined opacity overlying the lower pole of the right kidney.
  • Findings on ultrasonography of the kidneys were interpreted as a large, staghorn-type calculus in the dilated lower pole calyx of the right kidney.
  • Because x-ray of the kidneys showed a poorly defined opacity overlying the lower pole of the right kidney, milk of calcium was suspected, and computed tomography (CT) of the kidneys was performed.
  • Calcific debris with horizontal layering in the lower pole calyces of both kidneys was seen; this confirmed the diagnosis of milk of calcium.
  • Subsequently, she developed calculi in the right kidney, which were treated with shock wave lithotripsy.
  • The right renal pelvis was bulky, and bilateral renal calculi were diagnosed during ultrasonography; however, the presence of faintly radio-opaque shadows with indistinct margins raised suspicions of renal milk of calcium.
  • A CT scan of the kidneys, which was performed in the supine and subsequently in the prone position, revealed gravity-dependent layering of calcific material in the pelves of both kidneys and in the midpole calyces of the right kidney, thus confirming the diagnosis of milk of calcium.
  • In conclusion, CT scan of the kidneys confirmed the diagnosis of bilateral renal milk of calcium, a very rare entity in patients with spinal cord injury.
  • Awareness of typical and unique features of milk of calcium during imaging enables physicians to recognize renal milk of calcium and to differentiate it from nephrolithiasis, thereby avoiding unwarranted interventions such as shock wave lithotripsy or endoscopic procedures.
  • [MeSH-major] Calcium Carbonate. Nephrocalcinosis / diagnosis. Nephrolithiasis / diagnosis. Spinal Cord Injuries / complications
  • [MeSH-minor] Diagnosis, Differential. Female. Humans. Hydronephrosis / etiology. Male. Middle Aged. Tomography, X-Ray Computed

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  • (PMID = 17660162.001).
  • [ISSN] 0741-238X
  • [Journal-full-title] Advances in therapy
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Adv Ther
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] H0G9379FGK / Calcium Carbonate
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54. Szydełko T, Kasprzak J, Apoznański W, Zdrojowy R: Laparoscopic anterior y-v pyeloplasty: a valuable treatment option in patients with small or intrarenal pelvis. J Laparoendosc Adv Surg Tech A; 2010 Sep;20(7):627-30
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  • [Title] Laparoscopic anterior y-v pyeloplasty: a valuable treatment option in patients with small or intrarenal pelvis.
  • In the modified operation, a V-shaped flap is created from the anterior wall of the renal pelvis.
  • Thus two lines of sutures are located on the anterior, easily accessible wall of the renal pelvis.
  • Our results seem to indicate that the anterior Y-V plasty may constitute a reasonable treatment option for patients with small or intrarenal pelvis and no dorsally crossing vessels.
  • [MeSH-major] Kidney Pelvis / surgery. Laparoscopy. Ureteral Obstruction / surgery

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  • (PMID = 20687849.001).
  • [ISSN] 1557-9034
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of laparoendoscopic & advanced surgical techniques. Part A
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Laparoendosc Adv Surg Tech A
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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55. Terada T: Synchronous squamous cell carcinoma of the kidney, squamous cell carcinoma of the ureter, and sarcomatoid carcinoma of the urinary bladder: a case report. Pathol Res Pract; 2010 Jun 15;206(6):379-83
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  • [Title] Synchronous squamous cell carcinoma of the kidney, squamous cell carcinoma of the ureter, and sarcomatoid carcinoma of the urinary bladder: a case report.
  • The author presents a unique case of a synchronous triple carcinoma of kidney, ureter, and urinary bladder.
  • Endoscopy and imaging modalities revealed a bladder tumor, a left ureter tumor, and a left kidney tumor.
  • The bladder tumor was a large polypoid tumor consisting of pleomorphic sarcomatoid carcinoma (80%) and high-grade papillary urothelial carcinoma (20%), both invading the deep muscle layer.
  • The ureter tumor was small and obstructed the ureter lumen.
  • The ureter tumor invaded the adventitia.
  • Immunohistochemically, the tumor cells were positive for various types of CK but negative for vimentin.
  • In the kidney, almost the entire kidney parenchyma was replaced by a tumor.
  • The renal pelvis was broadly erosive but was free of apparent tumors.
  • Histologically, the renal tumor was a pure squamous cell carcinoma without a urothelial component.
  • The renal pelvis and calices were devoid of apparent tumor cells, but renal squamous cell carcinoma was present just beneath the pelvis and calices.
  • Immunohistochemically, the kidney tumor was positive for various types of CK and negative for vimentin.
  • [MeSH-major] Carcinoma, Squamous Cell / pathology. Carcinoma, Transitional Cell / pathology. Kidney Neoplasms / pathology. Neoplasms, Multiple Primary / pathology. Ureteral Neoplasms / pathology. Urinary Bladder Neoplasms / pathology
  • [MeSH-minor] Aged. Biomarkers, Tumor / analysis. Humans. Immunohistochemistry. Male


56. Isbarn H, Jeldres C, Shariat SF, Liberman D, Sun M, Lughezzani G, Widmer H, Arjane P, Pharand D, Fisch M, Graefen M, Montorsi F, Perrotte P, Karakiewicz PI: Location of the primary tumor is not an independent predictor of cancer specific mortality in patients with upper urinary tract urothelial carcinoma. J Urol; 2009 Nov;182(5):2177-81
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Location of the primary tumor is not an independent predictor of cancer specific mortality in patients with upper urinary tract urothelial carcinoma.
  • PURPOSE: The prognostic significance of renal pelvis vs ureteral upper urinary tract urothelial carcinoma tumor location is controversial.
  • We assessed the prognostic significance of upper urinary tract urothelial carcinoma tumor location in a large, population based data set.
  • Univariable and multivariable models tested the effect of tumor location on cancer specific mortality rates.
  • RESULTS: Relative to ureteral tumors renal pelvis tumors were of higher stage (T3/T4 disease 38.4% vs 57.9%, p <0.001) and had a higher rate of lymph node metastases (6.0% vs 9.8%, p = 0.003) at nephroureterectomy.
  • However, after multivariable adjustment tumor location failed to reach independent predictor status of cancer specific mortality (p = 0.8).
  • CONCLUSIONS: To our knowledge this is the largest cohort in which the impact of upper urinary tract urothelial carcinoma tumor location on cancer specific mortality was examined.
  • At nephroureterectomy renal pelvis tumors had significantly more advanced T and N stages compared to ureteral tumors.
  • However, after adjustment for stage, grade and other covariates tumor location did not independently predict cancer specific mortality.
  • Thus, the biological behavior of renal pelvis vs ureteral tumors is the same after nephroureterectomy as long as stage, grade, and other patient and tumor characteristics are accounted for.
  • [MeSH-major] Carcinoma, Transitional Cell / mortality. Carcinoma, Transitional Cell / pathology. Kidney Neoplasms / mortality. Kidney Neoplasms / pathology. Kidney Pelvis. Ureteral Neoplasms / mortality. Ureteral Neoplasms / pathology

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  • (PMID = 19758662.001).
  • [ISSN] 1527-3792
  • [Journal-full-title] The Journal of urology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Urol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Comparative Study; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] United States
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57. Nayeemuddin M, Wiseman OJ, Turner AG: Emphysematous pyelonephritis. Nat Clin Pract Urol; 2005 Feb;2(2):108-12
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  • Examination revealed pyrexia and tenderness in the right renal angle.
  • Plain abdominal X-ray showed calculi in the right kidney, ureter and bladder.
  • Intravenous pyelogram showed gas confined to the right upper renal pelvis and perinephric space.
  • DIAGNOSIS: Emphysematous pyelonephritis: class 2 or type 1.
  • [MeSH-major] Emphysema / diagnosis. Pyelonephritis / diagnosis
  • [MeSH-minor] Escherichia coli Infections / diagnosis. Humans. Male. Middle Aged

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  • (PMID = 16474656.001).
  • [ISSN] 1743-4270
  • [Journal-full-title] Nature clinical practice. Urology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Nat Clin Pract Urol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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58. Nagahara A, Kawagoe M, Matsumoto F, Tohda A, Shimada K, Yasui M, Inoue M, Kawa K, Hamana K, Nakayama M: Botryoid Wilms' tumor of the renal pelvis extending into the bladder. Urology; 2006 Apr;67(4):845.e15-7
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  • [Title] Botryoid Wilms' tumor of the renal pelvis extending into the bladder.
  • We report a case of botryoid Wilms' tumor that occupied the renal pelvis and extended into the bladder.
  • Computed tomography showed tumor occupying the right renal pelvis and ureter and extending into the bladder.
  • The resected specimen showed a botryoid sarcoma-like appearance, occupied the right renal pelvis and ureter, and protruded into the bladder.
  • Histologic findings showed typical triphasic Wilms' tumor.
  • Botryoid Wilms' tumor has been reported in only 16 cases in the literature and in only 3 cases extended into the bladder.
  • [MeSH-major] Kidney Neoplasms / pathology. Kidney Pelvis. Urinary Bladder Neoplasms / pathology. Wilms Tumor / pathology
  • [MeSH-minor] Child, Preschool. Humans. Male. Neoplasm Invasiveness


59. Ost MC, Okeke Z, VanderBrink BA, Rastinehad A, Kavoussi LR, Siegel DN, Smith AD: Totally bloodless percutaneous renal surgery. J Endourol; 2008 Oct;22(10):2241-4
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  • [Title] Totally bloodless percutaneous renal surgery.
  • INTRODUCTION: We evaluated the feasibility of intraoperative transarterial balloon occlusion of renal artery as a novel technique to reduce blood loss in high-risk patients undergoing complex percutaneous renal surgery (PRS).
  • METHODS: Four patients (staghorn calculi: n=2, renal pelvis TCC: n=1, ureteropelvic junction obstruction: n=1) underwent transfemoral arteriography prior to PRS.
  • The renal artery was identified and an occluding balloon was inflated in the main renal artery.
  • The kidney was intermittently allowed to perfuse with heparinized saline.
  • Percutaneous renal access was obtained under fluoroscopic guidance by the urologist.
  • The arterial occluding balloon was taken down at the completion of PRS and renal angiography repeated through the established angiographic catheter to identify any vascular injury.
  • Two of the four patients presented with delayed renal hemorrhage over 10 days later requiring angiography and selective embolization with cessation of bleeding.
  • CONCLUSIONS: Intraoperative balloon occlusion of renal artery is feasible and safe in patients undergoing complex PRS.

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  • (PMID = 18937588.001).
  • [ISSN] 1557-900X
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of endourology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Endourol.
  • [Language] ENG
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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60. Geavlete P, Seyed Aghamiri SA, Multescu R: Retrograde flexible ureteroscopic approach for pyelocaliceal calculi. Urol J; 2006;3(1):15-9; discussion 19
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  • The location of the calculi was renal pelvis, inferior calyx, and pelvis and calyxes in 7, 11, and 23 patients, respectively.
  • The complication rate was 7.3% (hematuria, persistent renal colic, and hyperthermia).
  • CONCLUSION: Our experience shows that FU can be an effective approach in selected patients, especially those with kidney calculi that are resistant to SWL.

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  • (PMID = 17590847.001).
  • [ISSN] 1735-1308
  • [Journal-full-title] Urology journal
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Urol J
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Iran
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61. Giamarellos-Bourboulis EJ, Geladopoulos T, Chrisofos M, Koutoukas P, Vassiliadis J, Alexandrou I, Tsaganos T, Sabracos L, Karagianni V, Pelekanou E, Tzepi I, Kranidioti H, Koussoulas V, Giamarellou H: Oleuropein: a novel immunomodulator conferring prolonged survival in experimental sepsis by Pseudomonas aeruginosa. Shock; 2006 Oct;26(4):410-6
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  • Acute pyelonephritis was induced in 70 rabbits after inoculation of pathogen in the renal pelvis.

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  • (PMID = 16980890.001).
  • [ISSN] 1073-2322
  • [Journal-full-title] Shock (Augusta, Ga.)
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Shock
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Comparative Study; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Anti-Bacterial Agents; 0 / Antioxidants; 0 / Immunologic Factors; 0 / Iridoids; 0 / Pyrans; 2O4553545L / oleuropein; 84319SGC3C / Amikacin
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62. Kaselas C, Papouis G, Grigoriadis G, Klokkaris A, Kaselas V: Pattern of renal function deterioration as a predictive factor of unilateral ureteropelvic junction obstruction treatment. Eur Urol; 2007 Feb;51(2):551-5
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  • [Title] Pattern of renal function deterioration as a predictive factor of unilateral ureteropelvic junction obstruction treatment.
  • OBJECTIVES: To assess the process of renal function deterioration in patients with unilateral ureteropelvic junction (UPJ) obstruction and its impact on their treatment course.
  • Criteria for conversion to surgical treatment were increase in anteroposterial renal pelvis diameter, increase in T(1/2) washout pattern, and drop of relative renal function (RRF) below 40% in diuretic renogram.
  • [MeSH-major] Kidney / physiopathology. Kidney Pelvis. Ureteral Obstruction / physiopathology. Ureteral Obstruction / therapy

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  • (PMID = 16806664.001).
  • [ISSN] 0302-2838
  • [Journal-full-title] European urology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Eur. Urol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Switzerland
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63. Nakash A, Herdiman J: Renal pelvis misdiagnosed as ovarian cyst in early pregnancy. J Obstet Gynaecol; 2007 Aug;27(6):630-1
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  • [Title] Renal pelvis misdiagnosed as ovarian cyst in early pregnancy.
  • [MeSH-major] Kidney Pelvis / radiography. Ovarian Cysts / radiography. Pregnancy Complications
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Diagnosis, Differential. Female. Humans. Pregnancy. Tomography, X-Ray Computed

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  • (PMID = 17896275.001).
  • [ISSN] 0144-3615
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of obstetrics and gynaecology : the journal of the Institute of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Obstet Gynaecol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] England
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64. Corcoran AT, Smaldone MC, Mally D, Ost MC, Bellinger MF, Schneck FX, Docimo SG, Wu HY: When is prior ureteral stent placement necessary to access the upper urinary tract in prepubertal children? J Urol; 2008 Oct;180(4 Suppl):1861-3; discussion 1863-4
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  • Placement of a ureteral stent for passive ureteral dilation is not necessary for successful ureteroscopic access to the renal pelvis in prepubertal children.

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  • (PMID = 18721946.001).
  • [ISSN] 1527-3792
  • [Journal-full-title] The Journal of urology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Urol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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65. Birder L, Kullmann FA, Lee H, Barrick S, de Groat W, Kanai A, Caterina M: Activation of urothelial transient receptor potential vanilloid 4 by 4alpha-phorbol 12,13-didecanoate contributes to altered bladder reflexes in the rat. J Pharmacol Exp Ther; 2007 Oct;323(1):227-35
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  • Here, we demonstrate expression of functional TRPV4 protein in the urothelium lining the renal pelvis, ureters, urinary bladder, and urethra.

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  • (PMID = 17636010.001).
  • [ISSN] 0022-3565
  • [Journal-full-title] The Journal of pharmacology and experimental therapeutics
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Pharmacol. Exp. Ther.
  • [Language] ENG
  • [Grant] United States / NIDDK NIH HHS / DK / R01 DK064280-04; United States / NIDDK NIH HHS / DK / R01 DK57284; United States / NINDS NIH HHS / NS / R01 NS051551; United States / NIDDK NIH HHS / DK / R37 DK54824; United States / NINDS NIH HHS / NS / NS051551-03; United States / NIDDK NIH HHS / DK / R01 DK057284-10; United States / NIDDK NIH HHS / DK / R01 DK 64280; United States / NIDDK NIH HHS / DK / R01 DK057284; United States / NINDS NIH HHS / NS / R01 NS051551-03; United States / NIDDK NIH HHS / DK / DK064280-04; United States / NIDDK NIH HHS / DK / R37 DK054824-12; United States / NIDDK NIH HHS / DK / R37 DK054824
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Phorbol Esters; 0 / TRPV Cation Channels; 0 / Trpv4 protein, rat; 24928-17-4 / phorbol-12,13-didecanoate
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66. Masood J, Panah A, Zaman F, Papatsoris AG, Buchholz N, Junaid I: Laparoscopic cranial plication in pelviureteral junction obstruction by aberrant lower pole artery. J Endourol; 2009 Jan;23(1):7-10
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  • PATIENTS AND METHODS: All patients during the last 2 years who presented with PUJ obstruction caused by crossing lower-pole vessels underwent a laparoscopic transposition of the artery to a more cranial position and, in fact, plicated within the renal pelvis well above the PUJ to reduce the size of the baggy renal pelvis.

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  • (PMID = 19178169.001).
  • [ISSN] 1557-900X
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of endourology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Endourol.
  • [Language] ENG
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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67. Jakobsen JS, Jung HU, Gramsbergen JB, Osther PJ, Walter S: Endoluminal isoproterenol reduces renal pelvic pressure during semirigid ureterorenoscopy: a porcine model. BJU Int; 2010 Jan;105(1):121-4
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  • [Title] Endoluminal isoproterenol reduces renal pelvic pressure during semirigid ureterorenoscopy: a porcine model.
  • OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effects on the pressure-flow relation of renal pelvic pressure during semirigid ureterorenoscopy and endoluminal perfusion of isoproterenol (ISO) 0.1 microg/mL, with emphasis on local effects and cardiovascular side-effects, as topically administered ISO effectively and dose-dependently causes relaxation of the upper urinary tract in pigs with no concomitant cardiovascular side-effects.
  • Via a subcostal incision a 6-F catheter was placed in the renal pelvis for pressure measurements, and a semirigid ureteroscope (7.8 F) was inserted retrogradely in the renal pelvis, through which the pelvis was perfused.
  • The increase in renal pelvic pressure was examined with increasing flow rates (0, 4, 8, 12, 16, 25 and 33 mL/min) with saline alone or saline + ISO 0.1 microg/mL.
  • [MeSH-major] Adrenergic beta-Agonists / pharmacology. Isoproterenol / pharmacology. Kidney Pelvis / drug effects. Ureteroscopy / methods

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  • (PMID = 19558558.001).
  • [ISSN] 1464-410X
  • [Journal-full-title] BJU international
  • [ISO-abbreviation] BJU Int.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Adrenergic beta-Agonists; L628TT009W / Isoproterenol
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68. Guo CC, Tamboli P, Czerniak B: Micropapillary variant of urothelial carcinoma in the upper urinary tract: a clinicopathologic study of 11 cases. Arch Pathol Lab Med; 2009 Jan;133(1):62-6
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  • The tumors were located in the renal pelvis (n = 5), ureter (n = 4), and ureteropelvic junction (n = 2).
  • In all cases, MPUC accounted for an average of 45% (range, 10%-80%) of the tumor and was associated with conventional urothelial carcinoma.
  • [MeSH-major] Carcinoma, Papillary / secondary. Carcinoma, Transitional Cell / secondary. Kidney Neoplasms / pathology. Kidney Pelvis / pathology. Ureter / pathology. Ureteral Neoplasms / pathology

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  • (PMID = 19123738.001).
  • [ISSN] 1543-2165
  • [Journal-full-title] Archives of pathology & laboratory medicine
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Arch. Pathol. Lab. Med.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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69. Schiffer L, Bethunaickan R, Ramanujam M, Huang W, Schiffer M, Tao H, Madaio MP, Bottinger EP, Davidson A: Activated renal macrophages are markers of disease onset and disease remission in lupus nephritis. J Immunol; 2008 Feb 1;180(3):1938-47
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  • [Title] Activated renal macrophages are markers of disease onset and disease remission in lupus nephritis.
  • We show that only a limited set of inflammatory mediators is expressed in the kidney following glomerular immune complex deposition but before the onset of proteinuria.
  • Formation of a lymphoid aggregate in the renal pelvis precedes the invasion of the kidney by inflammatory cells.
  • Onset of proliferative glomerulonephritis and proteinuria is associated with activation of the renal endothelium, expression of chemokines that mediate glomerular cell infiltration, and infiltration by activated dendritic cells and macrophages that migrate to different topographical areas of the kidney but express a similar profile of inflammatory cytokines.
  • Studies of treated mice identify a type II (M2b)-activated macrophage as a marker of remission induction and impending relapse and suggest that therapy for systemic lupus erythematosus nephritis should include strategies that prevent both activation of monocytes and their migration to the kidney.

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  • (PMID = 18209092.001).
  • [ISSN] 0022-1767
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of immunology (Baltimore, Md. : 1950)
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Immunol.
  • [Language] ENG
  • [Grant] United States / NIDDK NIH HHS / DK / U01 DK060995; United States / NIAMS NIH HHS / AR / R01 AR049938-04; United States / NIAMS NIH HHS / AR / AR049938-04; United States / NIAMS NIH HHS / AR / R01 AR049938; United States / NIDDK NIH HHS / DK / R01 DK060043
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Biomarkers; 0 / Immunoconjugates; 0 / Immunosuppressive Agents; 147205-72-9 / CD40 Ligand; 7D0YB67S97 / Abatacept
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ NIHMS79498; NLM/ PMC2587994
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70. Lang RJ, Hashitani H, Tonta MA, Suzuki H, Parkington HC: Role of Ca2+ entry and Ca2+ stores in atypical smooth muscle cell autorhythmicity in the mouse renal pelvis. Br J Pharmacol; 2007 Dec;152(8):1248-59
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  • [Title] Role of Ca2+ entry and Ca2+ stores in atypical smooth muscle cell autorhythmicity in the mouse renal pelvis.
  • BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Electrically active atypical smooth muscle cells (ASMCs) within the renal pelvis have long been considered to act as pacemaker cells driving pelviureteric peristalsis.
  • [MeSH-minor] Animals. Boron Compounds / pharmacology. Electrophysiology. Indoles / pharmacology. Inositol 1,4,5-Trisphosphate / metabolism. Kidney Pelvis. Male. Mice. Nifedipine / pharmacology. Ryanodine Receptor Calcium Release Channel / metabolism. Sodium / metabolism

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  • (PMID = 17965738.001).
  • [ISSN] 0007-1188
  • [Journal-full-title] British journal of pharmacology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Br. J. Pharmacol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / 2-aminoethoxydiphenyl borate; 0 / Boron Compounds; 0 / Calcium Channels, L-Type; 0 / Indoles; 0 / Ryanodine Receptor Calcium Release Channel; 85166-31-0 / Inositol 1,4,5-Trisphosphate; 9NEZ333N27 / Sodium; I9ZF7L6G2L / Nifedipine; SY7Q814VUP / Calcium; X9TLY4580Z / cyclopiazonic acid
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC2189993
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71. Ozsahin M, Ugurluer G, Zouhair A: Management of transitional-cell carcinoma of the renal pelvis and ureter. Swiss Med Wkly; 2009 Jun 27;139(25-26):353-6
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  • [Title] Management of transitional-cell carcinoma of the renal pelvis and ureter.
  • Transitional-cell carcinoma of the renal pelvis or ureter is a relatively rare disease.
  • The treatment of renal pelvis and ureter tumours is open or laparoscopic surgery varying from conservative to more extensive surgical procedures, i.e. radical nephroureterectomy including removal of the contents of Gerota's fascia with ipsilateral ureter and a cuff of bladder at its distal extent.
  • [MeSH-major] Carcinoma, Transitional Cell / surgery. Kidney Neoplasms / surgery. Ureteral Neoplasms / surgery
  • [MeSH-minor] Female. Humans. Kidney Pelvis / pathology. Kidney Pelvis / surgery. Male. Neoplasm Staging. Nephrectomy


72. Weizer AZ, Faerber GJ, Wolf JS Jr: Progression of disease despite good endoscopic local control of upper tract urothelial carcinoma. Urology; 2007 Sep;70(3):469-72
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  • Despite rigorous surveillance, we have identified 3 patients with renal parenchymal recurrences and/or metastatic disease without progression of renal pelvis disease.
  • METHODS: Three patients with renal parenchymal and/or metastatic UC were identified through routine clinical care.
  • Indications were solitary kidney in 2 patients and renal insufficiency in 1 patient.
  • Despite apparently successful management for 9 to 50 months, with complete tumor resection on initial and subsequent treatments, and at least 1 tumor-free period was documented in 2 of the 3 patients, parenchymal recurrence, metastases, or both were confirmed in 1 patient each.
  • CONCLUSIONS: Despite complete initial resection of upper tract disease and apparent successful surveillance, these 3 patients had renal parenchymal recurrence and/or metastatic disease without obvious progression of collecting system disease.
  • [MeSH-major] Carcinoma, Papillary / pathology. Carcinoma, Transitional Cell / secondary. Kidney Neoplasms / pathology. Liver Neoplasms / secondary. Lung Neoplasms / secondary. Neoplasm Recurrence, Local / pathology. Ureteroscopy
  • [MeSH-minor] Aged. Antineoplastic Agents, Phytogenic / administration & dosage. Antineoplastic Agents, Phytogenic / therapeutic use. Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols / therapeutic use. Carboplatin / administration & dosage. Chemotherapy, Adjuvant. Combined Modality Therapy. Deoxycytidine / administration & dosage. Deoxycytidine / analogs & derivatives. Disease Progression. Electrocoagulation. Humans. Kidney Pelvis / pathology. Lymphatic Metastasis. Male. Nephrectomy / methods. Paclitaxel / administration & dosage. Taxoids / therapeutic use

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  • (PMID = 17905098.001).
  • [ISSN] 1527-9995
  • [Journal-full-title] Urology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Urology
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Antineoplastic Agents, Phytogenic; 0 / Taxoids; 0W860991D6 / Deoxycytidine; 15H5577CQD / docetaxel; B76N6SBZ8R / gemcitabine; BG3F62OND5 / Carboplatin; P88XT4IS4D / Paclitaxel
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73. Chiang YJ, Chu SH, Liu KL, Lai WJ, Wang HH: Silent urothelial cancer detected by sonography after renal transplantation. Transplant Proc; 2006 Sep;38(7):2084-5
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  • [Title] Silent urothelial cancer detected by sonography after renal transplantation.
  • We reviewed the detection of urothelial cancer in our series after renal transplantation.
  • METHODS: From July 1981 to June 2005, we performed 620 renal transplantations.
  • We do graft and native kidney sonography survey annually even if the patient is asymptomatic.
  • The bladder-to-renal pelvis-to-ureter ratio was 2:5:7, which was distinct from the usual 51:3:1 distribution.
  • CONCLUSION: The pattern of cancer in renal transplant patients is thoroughly different from the general population, namely female predominance, with a higher incidence of ureteral and renal pelvis versus bladder cancer.
  • In our observation, routine periodic sonography survey even in asymptomatic patients is important for urothelial tumor detection, as the incidence of cancer is surprisingly high.
  • [MeSH-major] Kidney Transplantation. Urologic Neoplasms / epidemiology. Urologic Neoplasms / ultrasonography


74. Maratea KA, Snyder PW, Stevenson GW: Vascular lesions in nine Göttingen minipigs with thrombocytopenic purpura syndrome. Vet Pathol; 2006 Jul;43(4):447-54
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  • Vascular lesions affected small- to medium-sized muscular arteries and arterioles in various organs and extraparenchymal tissues; vessels of the renal pelvis and coronary arteries were consistently involved.
  • Additional microscopic lesions included membranoproliferative glomerulonephritis (3 out of 9), myocardial microinfarcts (4 out of 7), renal interstitial fibrosis (2 out of 9), extramedullary hematopoiesis (6 out of 9), and intracapillary hyaline thrombi (2 out of 9).
  • [MeSH-minor] Animals. Arterioles / pathology. Female. Histocytochemistry. Kidney / blood supply. Male. Retrospective Studies. Swine. Swine, Miniature. United States

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  • (PMID = 16846986.001).
  • [ISSN] 0300-9858
  • [Journal-full-title] Veterinary pathology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Vet. Pathol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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75. Ganpule A, Desai M: Fate of residual stones after percutaneous nephrolithotomy: a critical analysis. J Endourol; 2009 Mar;23(3):399-403
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  • RF <25 mm(2) and those situated in the renal pelvis had the best chance of clearance.
  • Renal pelvic RF <25 mm(2) have the best chance of spontaneous passage.
  • The size of the residual stone, history of intervention, renal failure, and metabolic hyperactivity are predictors of persistence of RF.


76. Lye CM, Fasano L, Woolf AS: Ureter myogenesis: putting Teashirt into context. J Am Soc Nephrol; 2010 Jan;21(1):24-30
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  • The ureter actively propels tubular fluid from the renal pelvis to the bladder, and this peristalsis, which starts in the fetal period, requires coordinated smooth muscle contraction.
  • In fly embryonic renal tubules, Tsh is expressed in mesodermally derived stellate cells intercalating between principal cells, and a paralogue, tiptop, is expressed in forming tubules.
  • Teashirt is a component of several gene networks in flies and it is notable that similar networks control mammalian renal tract development.

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  • (PMID = 19926888.001).
  • [ISSN] 1533-3450
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of the American Society of Nephrology : JASN
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Am. Soc. Nephrol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Grant] United Kingdom / Biotechnology and Biological Sciences Research Council / /
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't; Review
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Drosophila Proteins; 0 / Repressor Proteins; 0 / Teashirt 3 protein, mouse; 0 / Transcription Factors; 135315-85-4 / tsh protein, Drosophila
  • [Number-of-references] 94
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77. Kim S, Jacob JS, Kim DC, Rivera R, Lim RP, Lee VS: Time-resolved dynamic contrast-enhanced MR urography for the evaluation of ureteral peristalsis: initial experience. J Magn Reson Imaging; 2008 Nov;28(5):1293-8
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  • MATERIALS AND METHODS: Eight patients (M=3, F=5, mean 48.1 years) were referred for MRU for the evaluation for renal mass (n=3), hematuria (n=2), urinary tract tuberculosis (n=1), postoperative bladder cancer (n=1), and postoperative ureteric reimplantation (n=1).
  • Frequency of peristalsis from the renal pelvis to urinary bladder was evaluated for each subject.
  • [MeSH-major] Gadolinium. Image Enhancement / methods. Image Interpretation, Computer-Assisted / methods. Imaging, Three-Dimensional / methods. Magnetic Resonance Imaging / methods. Ureter / pathology. Ureteral Diseases / diagnosis

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  • [Copyright] Copyright (c) 2008 Wiley-Liss, Inc.
  • (PMID = 18972340.001).
  • [ISSN] 1053-1807
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of magnetic resonance imaging : JMRI
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Magn Reson Imaging
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Contrast Media; AU0V1LM3JT / Gadolinium
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78. Brunner A, Schaefer G, Veits L, Brunner B, Prelog M, Ensinger C: EpCAM overexpression is associated with high-grade urothelial carcinoma in the renal pelvis. Anticancer Res; 2008 Jan-Feb;28(1A):125-8
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  • [Title] EpCAM overexpression is associated with high-grade urothelial carcinoma in the renal pelvis.
  • Urothelial carcinoma of the renal pelvis (RP-UC) comprises 2.4-4.6% of tumors of the lower urinary tract.
  • PATIENTS AND METHODS: Tumor tissue from 42 patients with RP-UC was selected from the archives of the Institute of Pathology, Medical University of Innsbruck, Austria.
  • CONCLUSION: In RP-UC, EpCAM overexpression is associated with an aggressive tumor phenotype.
  • [MeSH-major] Antigens, Neoplasm / biosynthesis. Cell Adhesion Molecules / biosynthesis. Kidney Neoplasms / pathology. Kidney Pelvis / pathology
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Aged. Aged, 80 and over. Female. Humans. Immunohistochemistry. Male. Middle Aged. Neoplasm Staging

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  • (PMID = 18383834.001).
  • [ISSN] 0250-7005
  • [Journal-full-title] Anticancer research
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Anticancer Res.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Greece
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Antigens, Neoplasm; 0 / Cell Adhesion Molecules; 0 / EPCAM protein, human
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79. Krebs A, Deane LA, Borin JF, Edwards RA, Sala LG, Khan F, Abdelshehid C, McDougall EM, Clayman RV: The 'buoy' stent: evaluation of a prototype indwelling ureteric stent in a porcine model. BJU Int; 2009 Jul;104(1):88-92
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  • Pressure/flow studies, antegrade nephrostograms and specimens for histopathology from the renal pelvis, ureter and vesico-ureteric junction (VUJ) were obtained at harvest.

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  • (PMID = 19154469.001).
  • [ISSN] 1464-410X
  • [Journal-full-title] BJU international
  • [ISO-abbreviation] BJU Int.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Comparative Study; Evaluation Studies; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] England
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80. Das A, Thomas S, Zablotska LB, Neugut AI, Chak A: Association of esophageal adenocarcinoma with other subsequent primary cancers. J Clin Gastroenterol; 2006 May-Jun;40(5):405-11
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  • RESULTS: In comparison with a standard population, patients with esophageal adenocarcinoma were at higher risk for the development of another subsequent cancer, specifically, cancers of the oral cavity and pharynx, lung and bronchus, and kidney and renal pelvis, and adenocarcinoma of the colon/rectum and pancreas.

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  • (PMID = 16721221.001).
  • [ISSN] 0192-0790
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of clinical gastroenterology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Clin. Gastroenterol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Grant] United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / CA89155; United States / NIDDK NIH HHS / DK / K24 DK028000
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural
  • [Publication-country] United States
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81. Tan A, Unluoglu S, Bayol U, Emil Sayhan S, Altinel D: Ureteritis cystica presenting with atrophic kidney: report of a case. ScientificWorldJournal; 2010;10:1535-8
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  • [Title] Ureteritis cystica presenting with atrophic kidney: report of a case.
  • Ureteritis cystica is a rare proliferative condition that is found predominantly in the bladder, renal pelvis, and upper ureter.
  • It may occlude the ureteral lumen and should be considered in the reasons for an atrophic kidney.
  • Abdominal ultrasonography revealed right-sided atrophic kidney.
  • In conclusion, ureteritis cystica is a benign and indolent lesion that needs to be kept in mind among the causes of renal atrophy.
  • [MeSH-major] Cysts / diagnosis. Kidney / pathology. Ureteral Diseases / diagnosis
  • [MeSH-minor] Aged. Atrophy / complications. Atrophy / diagnosis. Chronic Disease. Diagnosis, Differential. Female. Humans. Pyelonephritis / complications. Pyelonephritis / diagnosis

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  • (PMID = 20694450.001).
  • [ISSN] 1537-744X
  • [Journal-full-title] TheScientificWorldJournal
  • [ISO-abbreviation] ScientificWorldJournal
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] England
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82. Lane Z, Epstein JI: Polypoid/papillary cystitis: a series of 41 cases misdiagnosed as papillary urothelial neoplasia. Am J Surg Pathol; 2008 May;32(5):758-64
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  • [Title] Polypoid/papillary cystitis: a series of 41 cases misdiagnosed as papillary urothelial neoplasia.
  • Polypoid cystitis and its more chronic phase papillary cystitis, which results as a reaction to injury to the bladder mucosa, is a benign lesion mimicking various papillary urothelial neoplasms.
  • Analogous lesions occur throughout the urothelial tract and are referred to as polypoid urethritis, polypoid ureteritis, and polypoid pyelititis when present in the urethra, ureter, and renal pelvis, respectively.
  • For cases where information was available, clinical symptoms included bladder obstruction (n=7), gross hematuria (n=6), colovesicular fistula (n=4), follow-up status posttreatment of bladder and ureter carcinoma (n=4), bladder/urethral stones (n=2), benign prostate hyperplasia (n=2), follow-up after radiation for prostate cancer (n=2), long-standing urinary stents (n=2), and voiding dysfunction (n=1).
  • Original diagnoses included noninvasive low grade papillary urothelial carcinoma (n=23), noninvasive high grade papillary urothelial carcinoma (n=6), papillary urothelial neoplasm of low malignant potential (n=5), papilloma (n=3), urothelial neoplasia (n=2), carcinoma in situ (n=1), and squamous carcinoma (n=1).
  • The mean age at diagnosis was 63 years (range, 19 to 93 y; median 63 y).
  • The locations of polypoid cystitis were bladder (n=34), ureteral orifice (n=2), urethra (n=2), renal pelvis (n=2), and undesignated (n=1).
  • The key to correctly diagnosing polypoid/papillary cystitis is to recognize at low magnification the reactive nature of the process with an inflamed background that is edematous or densely fibrous with predominantly simple, non-branching, broad-based fronds of relatively normal thickness urothelium, and not focus at higher power on the exceptional frond that may more closely resemble a urothelial neoplasm either architecturally or cytologically.
  • In cases where the diagnosis of papillary neoplasia is not straightforward and there is a question of polypoid cystitis, pathologists should seek clinical history that might suggest a reactive process.
  • Because the urologist can more often better recognize the inflammatory nature of the lesion than the pathologist, the pathologist should hesitate diagnosing urothelial neoplasia when the cystoscopic impression is that of an inflammatory lesion.
  • [MeSH-major] Carcinoma, Papillary / diagnosis. Cystitis / diagnosis. Polyps / diagnosis. Urologic Neoplasms / diagnosis. Urothelium / pathology

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  • (PMID = 18379418.001).
  • [ISSN] 1532-0979
  • [Journal-full-title] The American journal of surgical pathology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Am. J. Surg. Pathol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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83. Jeldres C, Sun M, Lughezzani G, Isbarn H, Shariat SF, Widmer H, Graefen M, Montorsi F, Perrotte P, Karakiewicz PI: Highly predictive survival nomogram after upper urinary tract urothelial carcinoma. Cancer; 2010 Aug 15;116(16):3774-84
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  • Within the development cohort (n=2959), multivariate Cox regression models predicting cancer-specific mortality were fitted by using age, stage, nodal status, sex, grade, race, type of surgery (nephroureterectomy with or without bladder-cuff removal), and tumor location (renal pelvis vs ureter).
  • The most informative and parsimonious nomogram for cancer-specific-mortality-free survival relied on age, pT and pN stages, and tumor grade.
  • [MeSH-major] Kidney Neoplasms / mortality. Kidney Pelvis. Nomograms. Ureteral Neoplasms / mortality

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  • [Copyright] Copyright (c) 2010 American Cancer Society.
  • [CommentIn] Nat Rev Urol. 2010 Oct;7(10):534 [20949653.001]
  • (PMID = 20564085.001).
  • [ISSN] 0008-543X
  • [Journal-full-title] Cancer
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Cancer
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Comparative Study; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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84. Desai M: Ultrasonography-guided punctures-with and without puncture guide. J Endourol; 2009 Oct;23(10):1641-3
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  • The kidney has a high degree of vascular network and is liable for vascular injury.
  • Therefore, for an ideal puncture, a percutaneous tract would be developed that leads straight from the skin through a papilla and the target calix into the renal pelvis.
  • Percutaneous renal access can be achieved under fluoroscopic control or using an ultrasonography (US)-guided puncture.

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  • (PMID = 19715483.001).
  • [ISSN] 1557-900X
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of endourology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Endourol.
  • [Language] ENG
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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85. Hofstädter F: [Renal pelvic carcinoma: a different urothelial tumor?]. Pathologe; 2009 Dec;30 Suppl 2:185-7
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  • [Title] [Renal pelvic carcinoma: a different urothelial tumor?].
  • Urothelial tumors of the renal pelvis and the ureter do not differ from those of the urinary bladder concerning histopathological phenotypes.
  • However, with respect to tumor biology there are relevant differences between the two tumor locations.
  • Specific pathways of tumorigenesis (e.g. hereditary non-polyposis colorectal cancer, HNPCC) and tumor propagation (seeding) are described for tumors of the upper urinary tract.
  • Clinical epidemiological data indicate specific correlations between the two tumor locations.
  • [MeSH-major] Carcinoma, Transitional Cell / pathology. Kidney Neoplasms / pathology. Kidney Pelvis / pathology
  • [MeSH-minor] Cell Transformation, Neoplastic / pathology. Colorectal Neoplasms, Hereditary Nonpolyposis / pathology. Diagnosis, Differential. Humans. Neoplasm Seeding. Urinary Bladder / pathology. Urinary Bladder Neoplasms / pathology. Urothelium / pathology

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  • [Cites] Urol Res. 2006 Aug;34(4):261-4 [16676174.001]
  • [Cites] BMC Bioinformatics. 2006 Sep 06;7 Suppl 2:S20 [17118142.001]
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  • (PMID = 19795126.001).
  • [ISSN] 1432-1963
  • [Journal-full-title] Der Pathologe
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Pathologe
  • [Language] ger
  • [Publication-type] English Abstract; Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] Germany
  • [Number-of-references] 14
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86. Fogarty JD, Hafron JM, Melman A: Renal obstruction caused by herniation of renal pelvis and ureteropelvic junction through superior lumbar triangle hernia (Grynfeltt hernia). Urology; 2006 Mar;67(3):620-1
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  • [Title] Renal obstruction caused by herniation of renal pelvis and ureteropelvic junction through superior lumbar triangle hernia (Grynfeltt hernia).
  • [MeSH-major] Hernia, Abdominal / complications. Kidney Diseases / etiology. Kidney Pelvis. Ureteral Diseases / complications

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  • (PMID = 16504259.001).
  • [ISSN] 1527-9995
  • [Journal-full-title] Urology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Urology
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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87. Perez-Montiel D, Hes O, Michal M, Suster S: Micropapillary urothelial carcinoma of the upper urinary tract: Clinicopathologic study of five cases. Am J Clin Pathol; 2006 Jul;126(1):86-92
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  • We report 5 cases of micropapillary urothelial carcinoma (MPUC) involving the renal pelvis (2), renal pelvis and ureter (2), and proximal ureter (1).
  • The case involving only the ureter occurred in a 65-year-old man with a history of nephrectomy 12 years previously for urothelial carcinoma of the renal pelvis.
  • The tumor recurred in the ureteral stump.
  • All patients died of their tumors from 3 to 24 months after initial diagnosis.
  • MPUC involving the renal pelvis and ureter is associated closely with advanced stages of disease and has highly aggressive behavior.
  • Recognition of this growth pattern is important for prognosis and avoiding misdiagnosis with papillary renal cell carcinoma and other tumors.
  • [MeSH-major] Carcinoma in Situ / pathology. Carcinoma, Renal Cell / pathology. Carcinoma, Transitional Cell / pathology. Kidney Pelvis / pathology. Ureter / pathology. Ureteral Neoplasms / pathology
  • [MeSH-minor] Aged. Aged, 80 and over. Biomarkers, Tumor / metabolism. Fatal Outcome. Female. Humans. Male. Neoplasm Recurrence, Local. Urothelium / metabolism. Urothelium / pathology

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  • (PMID = 16753597.001).
  • [ISSN] 0002-9173
  • [Journal-full-title] American journal of clinical pathology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Am. J. Clin. Pathol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Biomarkers, Tumor
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88. Weber B, McCallum TJ, Tulip J, Moore RB: Laser photoablation of renal pelvic tumours. Can Urol Assoc J; 2008 Aug;2(4):413-6
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  • [Title] Laser photoablation of renal pelvic tumours.
  • We evaluated the clinical effects of the Zeiss OPMILAS (Oberkochen, Germany) multi-yttrium-aluminum-garnet (YAG) laser in the treatment of renal pelvic tumours as an alternative to nephroureterectomy.
  • Four patients with evidence of transitional cell carcinoma (TCC) in the renal pelvis and a previous history of TCC of the bladder or opposite renal pelvis were treated with the Zeiss OPMILAS multi-YAG laser.

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  • [Cites] Curr Opin Urol. 2005 Mar;15(2):89-93 [15725931.001]
  • [Cites] Urol Clin North Am. 1993 May;20(2):349-54 [8493753.001]
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  • (PMID = 18781220.001).
  • [ISSN] 1911-6470
  • [Journal-full-title] Canadian Urological Association journal = Journal de l'Association des urologues du Canada
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Can Urol Assoc J
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Canada
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC2532556
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89. Lupton EW, George NJ: The Whitaker test: 35 years on. BJU Int; 2010 Jan;105(1):94-100
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  • The original method was extended to include observations on high flow-rate perfusion, abnormal renal pelvic peristalsis and loin pain with no pressure increase.
  • Seventeen studies showed abnormal peristalsis within the renal pelvis and in 10 there was 'sensory' loin pain during the test.
  • It should be reserved for assessing potential upper urinary tract obstruction in the following circumstances: equivocal results from less invasive tests; suspected obstruction with poor kidney function; loin pain with a negative diuresis renogram; suspected intermittent obstruction; and gross dilatation with a positive diuresis renogram.
  • [MeSH-major] Diagnostic Techniques, Urological / standards. Urodynamics / physiology. Urologic Diseases / diagnosis
  • [MeSH-minor] Adolescent. Adult. Aged. Aged, 80 and over. Dilatation, Pathologic / diagnosis. Dilatation, Pathologic / physiopathology. Humans. Middle Aged. Pressure. Prospective Studies. Retrospective Studies. Ureteral Obstruction / diagnosis. Ureteral Obstruction / physiopathology. Young Adult

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  • (PMID = 19466950.001).
  • [ISSN] 1464-410X
  • [Journal-full-title] BJU international
  • [ISO-abbreviation] BJU Int.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Evaluation Studies; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] England
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90. Kitajima S, Kondo T, Ito F, Iizuka J, Nanri M, Hashimoto Y, Okuda H, Onitsuka S, Goya N, Nakazawa H, Tanabe K, Toma H: [Clinico-pathological investigation of upper urinary tract tumors in patients with normal renal function and in patients with end stage renal disease]. Nihon Hinyokika Gakkai Zasshi; 2006 Jan;97(1):27-32
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  • [Title] [Clinico-pathological investigation of upper urinary tract tumors in patients with normal renal function and in patients with end stage renal disease].
  • AIMS: To clinically investigate upper urinary tract tumors in end stage renal disease (ESRD) patients.
  • Of these, 10 had ESRD while 143 had normal renal function.
  • Comparisons were made of the following variables between the two groups: patient's background, clinical findings, surgical procedures, pathological findings, prognosis, depth of tumor cell invasion, tumor grades, postoperative survival rates, cancer-specific survival rates, and complications.
  • Macroscopic hematuria appeared in seven cases (70%) at the onset, and tumors occurred at the renal pelvis in nine cases (90%).
  • As to the T stage, seven cases (70%) were pT2 or more and all 10 cases (100%) exhibited grade 2 or higher in ESRD patients, yielding no significant differences with the cases of normal renal function.
  • CONCLUSION: Although upper urinary tract tumors had been considered to exhibit higher grades and stages of malignancy in ESRD cases than in those with normal renal function, the present results showed that the clinico-pathological features are similar in both patients groups.
  • Given that there was no significant difference in postoperative survival rates and cancer-specific survival rates, radical surgery should be also indicated, if possible, for the ESRD patients with upper urinary tract tumors as well as the patients with normal renal function.
  • [MeSH-major] Kidney Failure, Chronic / pathology. Urologic Neoplasms / pathology
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Aged. Female. Humans. Male. Middle Aged. Neoplasm Invasiveness. Neoplasm Staging. Survival Rate

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  • (PMID = 16485551.001).
  • [ISSN] 0021-5287
  • [Journal-full-title] Nihon Hinyōkika Gakkai zasshi. The japanese journal of urology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Nippon Hinyokika Gakkai Zasshi
  • [Language] jpn
  • [Publication-type] English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Japan
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91. Greene GF, Bissada NK, Madi R: Renal cell carcinoma with caval thrombus extending to the right atrium in a horseshoe kidney: a unique surgical challenge. Can Urol Assoc J; 2009 Oct;3(5):E55-7
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  • [Title] Renal cell carcinoma with caval thrombus extending to the right atrium in a horseshoe kidney: a unique surgical challenge.
  • The surgical anatomy of a horseshoe kidney (HK) is unique in many ways, ranging from its anomalous circulation, shared renal parenchyma between the right and left renal moieties, and its anterior renal pelvis, to the fact that it obscures access to the vena cava and aorta.
  • While renal cell carcinomas (RCCs) are known to occur in HKs, the surgical approach to an RCC with tumour thrombus extending to the right atrium has not been reported in the literature.

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  • [Cites] Urology. 1976 Aug;8(2):146-8 [960345.001]
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  • (PMID = 19829720.001).
  • [ISSN] 1911-6470
  • [Journal-full-title] Canadian Urological Association journal = Journal de l'Association des urologues du Canada
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Can Urol Assoc J
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Canada
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC2759664
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92. Lumiaho J, Heino A, Kauppinen T, Talja M, Alhava E, Välimaa T, Törmälä P: Drainage and antireflux characteristics of a biodegradable self-reinforced, self-expanding X-ray-positive poly-L,D-lactide spiral partial ureteral stent: an experimental study. J Endourol; 2007 Dec;21(12):1559-64
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  • Renal function and ureteral patency were evaluated by dynamic kidney imaging and urography examinations at 6 and 12 weeks postoperatively.
  • The degrees of vesicoureteral reflux at two levels of the ureters and at the level of the renal pelvis were evaluated by nuclear voiding cystograms at 6 weeks.
  • The degree of vesicoureteral reflux, reflected in an increase of nuclear enhancement at 6 weeks, was lower in the distal (7.9% +/- 14.7% v 63.2% +/- 17.3%; P < 0.05) and middle (6.1% +/- 8.1% v. 45.5% +/- 19.5%; P = 0.15) levels of the ureters as well as at the level of the renal pelvis (-3.4% +/- 3.6% v 6.2% +/- 3.9%; P = 0.65) than in the Double-J-stented ureters.
  • No significant differences in renal function or ureteral patency were observed at 12 weeks after the Double-J stents had been removed and the SR-PLA 96 stents had fragmented.

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  • (PMID = 18186698.001).
  • [ISSN] 0892-7790
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of endourology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Endourol.
  • [Language] ENG
  • [Publication-type] Comparative Study; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Membranes, Artificial; 0 / Polymers; 26100-51-6 / poly(lactic acid); 33X04XA5AT / Lactic Acid
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93. Bonsib SM: Renal lymphatics, and lymphatic involvement in sinus vein invasive (pT3b) clear cell renal cell carcinoma: a study of 40 cases. Mod Pathol; 2006 May;19(5):746-53
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  • [Title] Renal lymphatics, and lymphatic involvement in sinus vein invasive (pT3b) clear cell renal cell carcinoma: a study of 40 cases.
  • Although renal sinus vein invasion is the most common site of extrarenal involvement in clear cell renal cell carcinoma (CC), CC also spreads by lymphatics.
  • Ten blocks of uninvolved kidney, serving as controls, showed lymphatics within the adventitia of midcortical intralobular arteries.
  • Intralymphatic tumor was observed and divided into two Groups.
  • The lymphatics were small (0.045-0.19 mm), irregularly shaped, often incomplete, and contained single cells or small clusters of tumor cells.
  • Group 2 (four cases) involved sinus lymphatics separate from tumor.
  • One case each also involved adventitial lymphatics of an intralobular artery, the muscularis of the renal pelvis, and media of a muscular vein.
  • The intralymphatic tumor in Group 2 often appeared discohesive, not endothelial cell invested, and larger than in Group 1 (0.4-0.5 mm).
  • Conversely, tumor within muscular veins was cohesive, contained a capillary plexis, and was endothelial cell invested.
  • In conclusion, intralymphatic tumor can be demonstrated in CC.
  • Small peritumoral lymphatics may be destined for destruction by tumor growth.
  • However, involved lymphatics within sinus and associated with renal pelvis, are likely sources for lymphatic spread and lymph node metastases.
  • [MeSH-major] Carcinoma, Renal Cell / pathology. Kidney Neoplasms / pathology. Lymphatic Vessels / pathology. Membrane Glycoproteins / analysis
  • [MeSH-minor] Actins / analysis. Antigens, CD31 / analysis. Follow-Up Studies. Humans. Immunohistochemistry. Kidney Cortex / blood supply. Kidney Cortex / chemistry. Kidney Cortex / pathology. Kidney Medulla / blood supply. Kidney Medulla / chemistry. Kidney Medulla / pathology. Lymphatic Metastasis. Muscle, Smooth / chemistry. Neoplasm Invasiveness. Prognosis. Veins / chemistry. Veins / pathology

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  • (PMID = 16547467.001).
  • [ISSN] 0893-3952
  • [Journal-full-title] Modern pathology : an official journal of the United States and Canadian Academy of Pathology, Inc
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Mod. Pathol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Actins; 0 / Antigens, CD31; 0 / Membrane Glycoproteins; 0 / PDPN protein, human
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94. Wax JR, Cartin A, Pinette MG, Blackstone J: Does the frequency of soft sonographic aneuploidy markers vary by fetal sex? J Ultrasound Med; 2005 Aug;24(8):1059-63
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  • Markers studied were biparietal diameter/femur length, transcerebellar diameter, ear length, echogenic bowel, femur length, humerus length, absent middle fifth phalanx, nuchal fold, renal pelvis dilatation, echogenic cardiac focus, and choroid plexus cysts.
  • Overall, male fetuses exhibited echogenic fetal bowel (odds ratio, 1.76; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.14-2.72; P = .009) and renal pelvis dilatation (odds ratio, 2.00; 95% CI, 1.30-3.09; P = .001) significantly more often than female fetuses.
  • However, when fetuses were evaluated for single isolated markers, only male predominance of renal pelvis dilatation persisted (odds ratio, 2.32; 95% CI, 1.32-4.09; P = .003).
  • CONCLUSIONS: Male fetuses exhibit a significantly increased frequency of renal pelvis dilatation compared with female fetuses.

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  • (PMID = 16040819.001).
  • [ISSN] 0278-4297
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of ultrasound in medicine : official journal of the American Institute of Ultrasound in Medicine
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Ultrasound Med
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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95. Anderson NG, Fischer J, Leighton D, Hector-Taylor J, McEwing RL: Management in children of mild postnatal renal dilatation but without vesicoureteral reflux. Pediatr Nephrol; 2010 Mar;25(3):477-83
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  • [Title] Management in children of mild postnatal renal dilatation but without vesicoureteral reflux.
  • Infants with mild postnatal renal dilatation but without vesicoureteral reflux pose a challenge.
  • From May 1989 to December 2006, we prospectively followed 1,795 pregnancies in which the foetal renal pelvis measured 4 mm or greater.
  • Voiding cystourethrography (VCUG) and renal ultrasound were performed on 1,315 infants at 6 weeks of age.
  • Our study group comprised 208 (167 male) infants with normal VCUG findings who had a renal pelvis of 6-11 mm.
  • The renal dilatation had resolved by 24 months in approximately 70%.
  • Of the five who had renal scarring or severe obstruction, four became symptomatic.
  • Most infants with mild postnatal renal dilatation can be investigated with only one further sonogram at 24 months of age.
  • Mild postnatal renal dilatation is associated with subsequent UTI or renal tract abnormality in 18%.
  • Severe renal abnormality occurred in 2.4%.
  • [MeSH-major] Dilatation, Pathologic / therapy. Kidney Diseases / therapy

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  • (PMID = 19921278.001).
  • [ISSN] 1432-198X
  • [Journal-full-title] Pediatric nephrology (Berlin, Germany)
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Pediatr. Nephrol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Germany
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Radiopharmaceuticals; 494JNQ8L28 / Technetium Tc 99m Dimercaptosuccinic Acid
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96. Hemal AK, Rao R, Sharma S, Clement RG: Pure robotic retrocaval ureter repair. Int Braz J Urol; 2008 Nov-Dec;34(6):734-8
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • The renal pelvis and ureter are mobilized and the renal pelvis transected.

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  • (PMID = 19111078.001).
  • [ISSN] 1677-6119
  • [Journal-full-title] International braz j urol : official journal of the Brazilian Society of Urology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Int Braz J Urol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Brazil
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97. Aparicio LM, Villaamil VM, Calvo MB, Rubira LV, Rois JM, Valladares-Ayerbes M, Campelo RG, Bolós MV, Pulido EG: Glucose transporter expression and the potential role of fructose in renal cell carcinoma: A correlation with pathological parameters. Mol Med Rep; 2010 Jul-Aug;3(4):575-80
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  • [Title] Glucose transporter expression and the potential role of fructose in renal cell carcinoma: A correlation with pathological parameters.
  • Tumor cells are highly energy-dependent, therefore GLUT overexpression is often observed.
  • In fact, overexpression of GLUT1 has been correlated with hypoxia markers in several tumor types, including renal cell carcinoma (RCC).
  • The pattern of GLUT1-5 expression in RCC specimens was evaluated using tissue-array technology and correlated with histological tumor characteristics.
  • Pathological parameters included tumor location, renal pelvis, vein and lymph vessel invasion, capsule breakage, histological subtype, Furhman grade, hilar invasion and tumor stage at diagnosis.
  • Patients who had pelvic invasion and capsule breakage at diagnosis also showed increased GLUT5 expression levels (p=0.039 and p=0.019, respectively).

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  • (PMID = 21472282.001).
  • [ISSN] 1791-3004
  • [Journal-full-title] Molecular medicine reports
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Mol Med Rep
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Greece
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98. Sola JE: Tumor extension to renal pelvis differentiates pediatric renal sarcomas. Pediatr Blood Cancer; 2009 Mar;52(3):431
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  • [Title] Tumor extension to renal pelvis differentiates pediatric renal sarcomas.
  • [MeSH-major] Cell Differentiation. Kidney Neoplasms / pathology. Kidney Pelvis. Sarcoma / pathology
  • [MeSH-minor] Child. Humans. Neoplasm Metastasis

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  • [CommentOn] Pediatr Blood Cancer. 2008 Sep;51(3):339-43 [18523987.001]
  • (PMID = 19021221.001).
  • [ISSN] 1545-5017
  • [Journal-full-title] Pediatric blood & cancer
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Pediatr Blood Cancer
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Comment; Letter
  • [Publication-country] United States
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99. Borza T, Shah RB, Faerber GJ, Wolf JS Jr: Localized amyloidosis of the upper urinary tract: a case series of three patients managed with reconstructive surgery or surveillance. J Endourol; 2010 Apr;24(4):641-4
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  • OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the clinical presentation, diagnosis, treatment, and prognosis of primary localized amyloidosis of the upper urinary tract.
  • RESULTS: Primary localized amyloidosis was identified in the ureter in two patients and in the renal pelvis in one patient.
  • Initial evaluation consisted of renal ultrasonography or intravenous urogram, and subsequently additional imaging and ureteroscopies with biopsies were performed.


100. Tamura Y, Koya T, Nishii M, Kohri T, Miyazawa Y, Sasaki Y: [A case report of urinary extravasation by renal trauma Grade III successfully managed by percutaneous drainage]. Hinyokika Kiyo; 2010 Aug;56(8):439-42
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  • [Title] [A case report of urinary extravasation by renal trauma Grade III successfully managed by percutaneous drainage].
  • A 30-year-old man was diagnosed with renal trauma Grade a and hospitalized on February 22, 2009.
  • There was no apparent stenosis from the renal pelvis to ureter on pyelography, but computed tomography demonstrated urinary extravasation on March 2.
  • We consider it important to select the optimal treatment based on an accurate diagnosis of each case.
  • [MeSH-major] Drainage / methods. Kidney / injuries

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  • (PMID = 20808062.001).
  • [ISSN] 0018-1994
  • [Journal-full-title] Hinyokika kiyo. Acta urologica Japonica
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Hinyokika Kiyo
  • [Language] jpn
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; English Abstract; Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] Japan
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