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Items 1 to 33 of about 33
1. Pandita A, Balasubramaniam A, Perrin R, Shannon P, Guha A: Malignant and benign ganglioglioma: a pathological and molecular study. Neuro Oncol; 2007 Apr;9(2):124-34
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  • [Title] Malignant and benign ganglioglioma: a pathological and molecular study.
  • Gangliogliomas are generally benign tumors, composed of transformed neuronal and glial elements, with rare malignant progression of the glial component.
  • The current study of a rare case of a woman harboring a ganglioglioma with areas of malignant transformation addresses two fundamental questions:.
  • (1) Are the ganglioglioma and its malignant component clonal in origin?
  • (2) What are the genetic alterations associated with the initiation and subsequent malignant progression of ganglioglioma?
  • By using the human androgen receptor gene (HUMARA) assay, we found the ganglioglioma and the malignant component to be clonal in origin, suggestive of initial transformation of a single neuroglial precursor cell with subsequent malignant progression.
  • Conventional and array comparative genomic hybridization (approximately 2.5-Mb resolution) analyses found chromosomal losses to be predominant in the benign areas of the ganglioglioma, with gains more prevalent in the malignant component.
  • Regions of chromosomal loss, postulated to harbor genes involved in the initiation of ganglioglioma, included 1p35-36, 2p16-15, 3q13.1-13.3, 3q24-25.3, 6p21.3-21.2, 6q24-25.2, 9p12, Xp11.3-11.22, and Xq22.1-22.3.
  • Direct analysis demonstrated loss of p19 expression and p53 mutation in the malignant areas, highly suggestive of these alterations being involved in the malignant progression of the ganglioglioma.
  • This molecular-pathological study has provided insight into the pathogenesis of gangliogliomas and associated rare malignant progression.
  • [MeSH-major] Brain Neoplasms / genetics. Brain Neoplasms / pathology. Ganglioglioma / genetics. Ganglioglioma / pathology

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  • (PMID = 17259542.001).
  • [ISSN] 1522-8517
  • [Journal-full-title] Neuro-oncology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Neuro-oncology
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / DNA, Neoplasm; 0 / Receptors, Androgen
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC1871674
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2. Bhat DI, Mahadevan A, Manish R, Sampath S, Chandramouli BA, Shankar SK: Intraventricular ganglioglioma with bleed: a rare case report. Neurol India; 2010 May-Jun;58(3):477-80
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  • [Title] Intraventricular ganglioglioma with bleed: a rare case report.
  • Gangliogliomas are benign lesions that are predominantly temporal in location and present with chronic epilepsy.
  • Intraventricular gangliogliomas are extremely rare and still rarer is intratumoral hemorrhage.
  • Till date only 9 cases of lateral ventricular gangliogliomas have been reported.
  • We report a rare case of lateral ventricular ganglioglioma with intratumoral hemorrhage in a 27-year-old man.
  • [MeSH-major] Cerebral Ventricle Neoplasms / complications. Ganglioglioma / complications. Intracranial Hemorrhages / etiology

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  • (PMID = 20644285.001).
  • [ISSN] 0028-3886
  • [Journal-full-title] Neurology India
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Neurol India
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] India
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Nerve Tissue Proteins
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3. Gurkanlar D, Kocak H, Yucel E, Aciduman A, Gunaydin A, Ekinci O, Keskil S: Ganglioglioma with lytic skull lesions: a case report. Neurocirugia (Astur); 2007 Apr;18(2):123-7
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  • [Title] Ganglioglioma with lytic skull lesions: a case report.
  • Gangliogliomas represent only 0.4% of central nervous system neoplasms and 1.3% of brain tumors.
  • They are benign neoplasms with low morbidity and mortality and the patients usually present with seizures, but there has been no adult ganglioglioma with lytic skull lesion.
  • Magnetic resonance imaging and immunohistochemical studies revealed WHO Grade II ganglioglioma.
  • We have to consider gangliogliomas in the differential diagnosis of lytic skull lesions.
  • [MeSH-major] Ganglioglioma. Skull / pathology. Supratentorial Neoplasms

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  • (PMID = 17497058.001).
  • [ISSN] 1130-1473
  • [Journal-full-title] Neurocirugía (Asturias, Spain)
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Neurocirugia (Astur)
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Spain
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4. Majores M, von Lehe M, Fassunke J, Schramm J, Becker AJ, Simon M: Tumor recurrence and malignant progression of gangliogliomas. Cancer; 2008 Dec 15;113(12):3355-63
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  • [Title] Tumor recurrence and malignant progression of gangliogliomas.
  • BACKGROUND: Most gangliogliomas (GGs) are benign tumors, but tumor recurrence and malignant progression are observed in some patients.
  • [MeSH-major] Brain Neoplasms / pathology. Ganglioglioma / pathology

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  • (PMID = 18988291.001).
  • [ISSN] 0008-543X
  • [Journal-full-title] Cancer
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Cancer
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] United States
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5. Sugano H, Shimizu H, Sunaga S: Efficacy of intraoperative electrocorticography for assessing seizure outcomes in intractable epilepsy patients with temporal-lobe-mass lesions. Seizure; 2007 Mar;16(2):120-7
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  • METHODS: Thirty-five medically intractable epilepsy patients with temporal-lobe benign mass lesions, who had been surgically treated, were assessed.
  • RESULTS: In this study, the benign mass lesions consisted of 21 gangliogliomas, 8 cavernous angiomas and 6 dysembryoplastic neuroepithelial tumors.
  • [MeSH-major] Brain Neoplasms / surgery. Electroencephalography. Epilepsy, Temporal Lobe / surgery. Ganglioglioma / surgery. Hemangioma, Cavernous / surgery. Monitoring, Intraoperative. Neoplasms, Neuroepithelial / surgery

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  • (PMID = 17158074.001).
  • [ISSN] 1059-1311
  • [Journal-full-title] Seizure
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Seizure
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] England
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6. Mittelbronn M, Schittenhelm J, Lemke D, Ritz R, Nägele T, Weller M, Meyermann R, Beschorner R: Low grade ganglioglioma rapidly progressing to a WHO grade IV tumor showing malignant transformation in both astroglial and neuronal cell components. Neuropathology; 2007 Oct;27(5):463-7
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  • [Title] Low grade ganglioglioma rapidly progressing to a WHO grade IV tumor showing malignant transformation in both astroglial and neuronal cell components.
  • Gangliogliomas are rare CNS neoplasms mostly occuring in young adults and are usually assigned to WHO grade I.
  • The few cases of WHO grade IV gangliogliomas were either primarily malignant glio-neuronal tumors or underwent malignant progression from other WHO grades after radiotherapy.
  • Herein, we present the case of a now 47-year-old female patient presenting with a benign ganglioglioma and showing a tumor recurrence 2 years later with an anaplastic ganglioglioma, assigned to WHO grade IV, with malignant transformation in both glial and neuronal components.
  • The presented case is the first reported low-grade ganglioglioma rapidly progressing to a WHO grade IV glio-neuronal tumor not being associated with radiotherapy and showing malignant transformation in both astroglial and neuronal tumor cell components.
  • [MeSH-major] Astrocytes / pathology. Brain Neoplasms / pathology. Ganglioglioma / pathology. Neurons / pathology

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  • (PMID = 18018481.001).
  • [ISSN] 0919-6544
  • [Journal-full-title] Neuropathology : official journal of the Japanese Society of Neuropathology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Neuropathology
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Australia
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7. Mpairamidis E, Alexiou GA, Stefanaki K, Sfakianos G, Prodromou N: Brainstem ganglioglioma. J Child Neurol; 2008 Dec;23(12):1481-3
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  • [Title] Brainstem ganglioglioma.
  • Gangliogliomas are usually benign slow-growing neoplasms, seen mainly in the first 3 decades of life and are prevalently located supratentorial, mostly in the temporal and frontal lobe.
  • The authors present a rare case of a brainstem ganglioglioma in an 11-year-old boy who was referred to their hospital complaining of episodes of blurry vision, loss of memory, gait disturbances, and morning headache with vomiting, lasting for over a month.
  • The patient was operated upon, and the histopathology revealed the presence of a ganglioglioma grade II (World Health Organization classification).
  • A total resection should be always attempted, where possible in brainstem gangliogliomas.
  • [MeSH-major] Brain Stem Neoplasms. Ganglioglioma

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  • (PMID = 19073857.001).
  • [ISSN] 1708-8283
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of child neurology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Child Neurol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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8. Stevens QE, Howes G, Dickerman RD, Lee JM, Nardone EM: Ganglioglioma occurring with glioblastoma multiforme: separate lesions or the same lesion? Clin Neurol Neurosurg; 2007 Feb;109(2):195-9
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  • [Title] Ganglioglioma occurring with glioblastoma multiforme: separate lesions or the same lesion?
  • The authors report on the first such case of ganglioglioma and a malignant variant in the same individual without prior irradiation.
  • Gangliogliomas are frequently encountered in children and young adults and have a predilection for the temporal lobes.
  • At initial surgery, she underwent gross total resection of the anterior temporal tip ganglioglioma and cyst aspiration of the posterior temporal lobe lesion.
  • The anterior temporal lesion was a ganglioglioma and did not recur.
  • However, the posterior temporal lesion was identified as a malignant ganglioglioma/glioblastoma multiforme variant that recurred multiple times requiring several surgeries, radiation and chemotherapy.
  • For benign gangliogliomas, gross total resection can be curative; however, more aggressive variants may be resistant to multimodal therapies.
  • [MeSH-major] Brain Neoplasms / surgery. Ganglioglioma / surgery. Glioblastoma / surgery. Neoplasm Recurrence, Local / surgery. Neoplasms, Multiple Primary / surgery. Temporal Lobe / surgery

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  • (PMID = 17056178.001).
  • [ISSN] 0303-8467
  • [Journal-full-title] Clinical neurology and neurosurgery
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Clin Neurol Neurosurg
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Netherlands
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Antineoplastic Agents, Alkylating; 0 / Biomarkers, Tumor; 7GR28W0FJI / Dacarbazine; 85622-93-1 / temozolomide
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9. Darwish B, Arbuckle S, Kellie S, Besser M, Chaseling R: Desmoplastic infantile ganglioglioma/astrocytoma with cerebrospinal metastasis. J Clin Neurosci; 2007 May;14(5):498-501
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  • [Title] Desmoplastic infantile ganglioglioma/astrocytoma with cerebrospinal metastasis.
  • Desmoplastic infantile ganglioglioma and astrocytoma (DIG/DIA) are rare intracranial tumours of early childhood that involve superficial cerebral cortex and leptomeninges.
  • It appears that not all tumours with histological features of DIG/DIA behave in a benign way.
  • [MeSH-major] Brain Neoplasms / pathology. Ganglioglioma / pathology. Spinal Neoplasms / secondary


10. Taranath A, Lam A, Wong CK: Desmoplastic infantile ganglioglioma: a questionably benign tumour. Australas Radiol; 2005 Oct;49(5):433-7
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  • [Title] Desmoplastic infantile ganglioglioma: a questionably benign tumour.
  • Desmoplastic infantile ganglioglioma is a rare intracranial tumour of childhood that involves the cerebral cortex and the leptomeninges.
  • We report two patients with desmoplastic infantile gangliogliomas and multiple cerebrospinal metastases.
  • These are low-grade neoplasms that are questionably benign.
  • [MeSH-major] Brain Neoplasms / pathology. Ganglioglioma / pathology. Magnetic Resonance Imaging. Spinal Cord Neoplasms / pathology


11. Avci E, Oztürk A, Baba F, Torun F, Karabağ H, Yücetaş S: Desmoplastic infantile ganglioglioma: case report. Turk J Pediatr; 2008 Sep-Oct;50(5):495-9
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  • [Title] Desmoplastic infantile ganglioglioma: case report.
  • Desmoplastic infantile gangliogliomas are very rarely encountered, large supratentorial masses, derived from neuroepithelial origin, which have cystic and solid components and contain cells with astrocytic and ganglionic differentiation.
  • These tumors are benign tumors of childhood that become symptomatic when they reach giant sizes.
  • Sixty cases of desmoplastic ganglioglioma have been reported to date.
  • In the present study, a case of giant desmoplastic infantile ganglioglioma in a 22-month-old patient is presented, which had an aggressive radiological appearance in the midline and presented with atypical symptoms.
  • [MeSH-major] Brain Neoplasms / diagnosis. Ganglioglioma / diagnosis

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  • (PMID = 19102059.001).
  • [ISSN] 0041-4301
  • [Journal-full-title] The Turkish journal of pediatrics
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Turk. J. Pediatr.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Turkey
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12. Deipolyi A, Auguste KI, Yang I, Tihan T, Parsa AT: Occipital ganglioglioma in an older adult. J Clin Neurosci; 2010 Nov;17(11):1459-61
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  • [Title] Occipital ganglioglioma in an older adult.
  • Gangliogliomas are rare benign tumors of the central nervous system that typically involve the temporal lobe in younger patients.
  • Therefore, ganglioglioma of the occipital lobe in older patients is rare, but is a diagnostic consideration.
  • [MeSH-major] Brain Neoplasms / diagnosis. Ganglioglioma / diagnosis

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  • [Copyright] Copyright © 2010 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
  • (PMID = 20727766.001).
  • [ISSN] 1532-2653
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of clinical neuroscience : official journal of the Neurosurgical Society of Australasia
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Clin Neurosci
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Scotland
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13. Lönnrot K, Terho M, Kähärä V, Haapasalo H, Helén P: Desmoplastic infantile ganglioglioma: novel aspects in clinical presentation and genetics. Surg Neurol; 2007 Sep;68(3):304-8; discussion 308
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  • [Title] Desmoplastic infantile ganglioglioma: novel aspects in clinical presentation and genetics.
  • BACKGROUND: Desmoplastic infantile ganglioglioma is a rare tumor occurring mainly in infants and young children.
  • Both radiological and histopathological appearances may resemble malignancy, although its clinical course is mainly benign.
  • [MeSH-major] Brain Neoplasms / diagnosis. Brain Neoplasms / etiology. Ganglioglioma / diagnosis. Ganglioglioma / etiology


14. Schittenhelm J, Reifenberger G, Ritz R, Nägele T, Weller M, Pantazis G, Capper D, Beschorner R, Meyermann R, Mittelbronn M: Primary anaplastic ganglioglioma with a small-cell glioblastoma component. Clin Neuropathol; 2008 Mar-Apr;27(2):91-5
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  • [Title] Primary anaplastic ganglioglioma with a small-cell glioblastoma component.
  • Gangliogliomas usually present as benign tumors corresponding to World Health Organization (WHO) Grade I.
  • Very rarely, gangliogliomas show histological features of malignancy and are then classified as anaplastic gangliogliomas of WHO Grade III or IV.
  • In most cases, anaplastic gangliogliomas developed after radiation therapy or progression from a pre-existing low-grade ganglioglioma.
  • Here, we report the case of a 77-year-old male patient who was operated on a primary ganglioglioma with a highly anaplastic glial component corresponding to a small-cell glioblastoma.
  • To our knowledge, this is the first reported case of a primary anaplastic ganglioglioma with a small-cell glioblastoma component.
  • [MeSH-major] Brain Neoplasms / pathology. Ganglioglioma / pathology. Glioblastoma / pathology. Neoplasms, Multiple Primary / pathology


15. Fujisawa H, Yoshida Y, Niida Y, Hasegawa M, Yamashita J: Cyanotic breath-holding spell: a life-threatening complication after radical resection of a cervicomedullary ganglioglioma. Pediatr Neurosurg; 2005 Mar-Apr;41(2):93-7
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  • [Title] Cyanotic breath-holding spell: a life-threatening complication after radical resection of a cervicomedullary ganglioglioma.
  • Cyanotic breath-holding spell is a benign and self-limiting disease of young children but occasionally associated with sudden, unexpected death.
  • The authors report a rare case in a 2-year-old girl with a severe form that started after radical resection of a cervicomedullary ganglioglioma.
  • Since magnetic resonance imaging showed a cervicomedullary tumor, she underwent a radical resection and histology showed the tumor to be a ganglioglioma.
  • [MeSH-major] Apnea / etiology. Brain Neoplasms / surgery. Cyanosis / etiology. Ganglioglioma / surgery. Postoperative Complications

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  • [Copyright] Copyright (c) 2005 S. Karger AG, Basel.
  • (PMID = 15942280.001).
  • [ISSN] 1016-2291
  • [Journal-full-title] Pediatric neurosurgery
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Pediatr Neurosurg
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Switzerland
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16. Cultrera F, Guiducci G, Nasi MT, Paioli G, Frattarelli M: Two-stage treatment of a tectal ganglioglioma: endoscopic third ventriculostomy followed by surgical resection. J Clin Neurosci; 2006 Nov;13(9):963-5
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  • [Title] Two-stage treatment of a tectal ganglioglioma: endoscopic third ventriculostomy followed by surgical resection.
  • Tumours of the quadrigeminal plate in adults are usually benign.
  • We chose a two-stage approach for treating a tectal ganglioglioma in an adult: endoscopic third ventriculostomy followed by surgical excision.
  • [MeSH-major] Brain Stem Neoplasms / surgery. Ganglioglioma / surgery. Hydrocephalus / surgery. Tectum Mesencephali / surgery. Third Ventricle / surgery. Ventriculostomy / methods

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  • (PMID = 16914316.001).
  • [ISSN] 0967-5868
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of clinical neuroscience : official journal of the Neurosurgical Society of Australasia
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Clin Neurosci
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Scotland
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17. Per H, Kontaş O, Kumandaş S, Kurtsoy A: A report of a desmoplastic non-infantile ganglioglioma in a 6-year-old boy with review of the literature. Neurosurg Rev; 2009 Jul;32(3):369-74; discussion 374
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  • [Title] A report of a desmoplastic non-infantile ganglioglioma in a 6-year-old boy with review of the literature.
  • Desmoplastic infantile gangliogliomas (DIG) are uncommon supratentorial brain tumors with a usually good prognosis despite an aggressive radiological appearance that typically occurs in infants below the age of 24 months.
  • Except for age difference, DIG and desmoplastic non-infantile gangliogliomas are radiologically and histologically similar.
  • Non-infantile variants of this biologically benign intracranial neoplasm are rare; only 15 cases of non-infantile DIGs have been reported in the literature.
  • We reported the magnetic resonance imaging and histological findings of desmoplastic ganglioglioma in a 6-year-old boy.
  • [MeSH-major] Ganglioglioma / pathology. Supratentorial Neoplasms / pathology

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  • (PMID = 19280238.001).
  • [ISSN] 1437-2320
  • [Journal-full-title] Neurosurgical review
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Neurosurg Rev
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Germany
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18. Gupta R, Suri V, Arora R, Sharma MC, Mishra S, Singh M, Sarkar C: Suprasellar ganglioglioma presenting with diabetes insipidus in a young boy: a rare clinical presentation. Childs Nerv Syst; 2010 Feb;26(2):255-8
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  • [Title] Suprasellar ganglioglioma presenting with diabetes insipidus in a young boy: a rare clinical presentation.
  • OBJECTIVE: Gangliogliomas are rare tumors composed of an admixture of glial and neuronal components.
  • Clinical presentation of ganglioglioma with diabetes insipidus is extremely rare with only one case reported earlier in the available literature.
  • Due to this rarity, ganglioglioma is not considered in the differential diagnosis in a patient with diabetes insipidus.
  • A biopsy of the mass was taken, which on histopathological examination showed features of ganglioglioma.
  • CONCLUSION: Diabetes insipidus as a presenting symptom of ganglioglioma is extremely rare.
  • This benign tumor should be kept in mind in patients with central diabetes insipidus and a suprasellar mass lesion.
  • [MeSH-major] Brain Neoplasms / complications. Brain Neoplasms / pathology. Diabetes Insipidus / complications. Diabetes Insipidus / pathology. Ganglioglioma / complications. Ganglioglioma / pathology


19. Naydenov E, Tzekov C, Minkin K, Nachev S, Marinov M: [Malignant progression of an anaplastic ganglioglioma into a glioblastoma multiforme--report on two cases and review of the literature]. Khirurgiia (Sofiia); 2009;(2-3):69-74
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  • [Title] [Malignant progression of an anaplastic ganglioglioma into a glioblastoma multiforme--report on two cases and review of the literature].
  • INTRODUCTION: Ganglioglioma is an uncommon type of primary brain tumors.
  • In most of the cases the tumor demonstrates benign clinical behaviour with long-term patients' survival.
  • We present two cases ofhistologically confirmed anaplastic ganglioglioma in which malignant progression into a glioblastoma multiforme was seen.
  • The tumor was excised partially and the histological result was anaplastic ganglioglioma (World Health Organization - WHO. gr. III).
  • The histological result was anaplastic ganglioglioma (WHO gr. ILL).
  • CONCLUSION: The gangliogliomas are uncommon in clinical practice.
  • [MeSH-major] Brain Neoplasms / pathology. Ganglioglioma / pathology. Glioblastoma / pathology. Neoplasm Recurrence, Local / pathology


20. Balaji R, Ramachandran K: Imaging of desmoplastic infantile ganglioglioma: a spectroscopic viewpoint. Childs Nerv Syst; 2009 Apr;25(4):497-501
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  • [Title] Imaging of desmoplastic infantile ganglioglioma: a spectroscopic viewpoint.
  • PURPOSE: Desmoplastic infantile gangliogliomas (DIG) are rare benign intracranial neoplasms of early childhood with involvement of superficial cerebral cortex and leptomeninges.
  • [MeSH-major] Brain Neoplasms / diagnosis. Brain Neoplasms / metabolism. Ganglioglioma / diagnosis. Ganglioglioma / metabolism

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  • (PMID = 19139903.001).
  • [ISSN] 1433-0350
  • [Journal-full-title] Child's nervous system : ChNS : official journal of the International Society for Pediatric Neurosurgery
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Childs Nerv Syst
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Germany
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21. Ganesan K, Desai S, Udwadia-Hegde A: Non-infantile variant of desmoplastic ganglioglioma: a report of 2 cases. Pediatr Radiol; 2006 Jun;36(6):541-5
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  • [Title] Non-infantile variant of desmoplastic ganglioglioma: a report of 2 cases.
  • Desmoplastic infantile gangliogliomas (DIGs) are uncommon supratentorial brain tumors with a usually good prognosis despite an aggressive radiological appearance.
  • DIGs are classified as benign WHO grade I tumors of infancy.
  • Non-infantile variants of this biologically benign intracranial neoplasm are rare, with only four previous case reports in the literature.
  • [MeSH-major] Brain Neoplasms / pathology. Ganglioglioma / pathology


22. Adam C, Polivka M, Carpentier A, George B, Gray F: Papillary glioneuronal tumor: not always a benign tumor? Clin Neuropathol; 2007 May-Jun;26(3):119-24
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  • [Title] Papillary glioneuronal tumor: not always a benign tumor?
  • Papillary glioneuronal tumor (PGNT) is a variant of ganglioglioma, characterized by a pseudopapillary structure with a single pseudostratified layer of small, cuboidal, GFAP-positive cells around hyalinized blood vessels.
  • To date, less than 30 cases have been described with a usually benign course.
  • Our cases indicate that PGNT type of ganglioglioma can have a spectrum of anaplastic changes of higher grade.
  • [MeSH-major] Brain Neoplasms / pathology. Ganglioglioma / pathology

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  • (PMID = 19157003.001).
  • [ISSN] 0722-5091
  • [Journal-full-title] Clinical neuropathology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Clin. Neuropathol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Germany
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23. Alexiou GA, Varela M, Sfakianos G, Prodromou N: Benign lesions accompanied by intractable epilepsy in children. J Child Neurol; 2009 Jun;24(6):697-700
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  • [Title] Benign lesions accompanied by intractable epilepsy in children.
  • The histopathological examination of the resected lesions revealed in 12 cases the presence of a ganglioglioma, in 7 cases dysembryoplastic neuroepithelial tumor, in 1 case a low grade glioma, in 2 cases cortical dysplasia, and in 2 cases cavernous malformations.
  • [MeSH-minor] Adolescent. Brain / pathology. Brain / surgery. Brain Neoplasms / complications. Brain Neoplasms / pathology. Cavernous Sinus / abnormalities. Child. Child, Preschool. Female. Follow-Up Studies. Ganglioglioma / complications. Ganglioglioma / pathology. Glioma / complications. Glioma / pathology. Humans. Infant. Magnetic Resonance Imaging. Male. Malformations of Cortical Development / complications. Malformations of Cortical Development / pathology. Temporal Lobe / pathology. Temporal Lobe / surgery. Treatment Outcome

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  • (PMID = 19289694.001).
  • [ISSN] 1708-8283
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of child neurology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Child Neurol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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24. Uro-Coste E, Ssi-Yan-Kai G, Guilbeau-Frugier C, Boetto S, Bertozzi AI, Sevely A, Lolmede K, Delisle MB: Desmoplastic infantile astrocytoma with benign histological phenotype and multiple intracranial localizations at presentation. J Neurooncol; 2010 May;98(1):143-9
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  • [Title] Desmoplastic infantile astrocytoma with benign histological phenotype and multiple intracranial localizations at presentation.
  • Desmoplastic infantile astrocytoma (DIA) and desmoplastic infantile ganglioglioma (DIG) are rare intracranial tumors that mostly occur in the first 2 years of life and involve superficial cerebral cortex.

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  • (PMID = 20012157.001).
  • [ISSN] 1573-7373
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of neuro-oncology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Neurooncol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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25. Sun FH, Piao YS, Wang W, Chen L, Wei LF, Yang H, Lu DH: [Brain tumors in patients with intractable epilepsy: a clinicopathologic study of 35 cases]. Zhonghua Bing Li Xue Za Zhi; 2009 Mar;38(3):153-7
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  • The histologic types of brain tumors included ganglioglioma (13/35, WHO grade I and 6/35, WHO grade II), dysembryoplastic neuroepithelial tumor (3/35, WHO grade I), pleomorphic xanthoastrocytoma (3/35, WHO grade II), diffuse astrocytoma (1/35, WHO grade II), oligoastrocytoma (1/35, WHO grade II), angiocentric glioma (1/35, WHO grade I) and meningioangiomatosis (1/35).
  • Immunohistochemical study showed a remarkable expression of CD34 in gangliogliomas.
  • CONCLUSIONS: Brain tumors in patients with medically intractable epilepsy are almost always benign and located in the temporal lobe.
  • [MeSH-minor] Adolescent. Adult. Antigens, CD34 / metabolism. Astrocytoma / complications. Astrocytoma / metabolism. Astrocytoma / pathology. Brain Diseases / complications. Brain Diseases / metabolism. Brain Diseases / pathology. Child. Child, Preschool. Female. Ganglioglioma / complications. Ganglioglioma / metabolism. Ganglioglioma / pathology. Hamartoma / complications. Hamartoma / metabolism. Hamartoma / pathology. Humans. Infant. Magnetic Resonance Imaging. Male. Oligodendroglioma / complications. Oligodendroglioma / metabolism. Oligodendroglioma / pathology. Retrospective Studies. Temporal Lobe / pathology. Young Adult

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  • (PMID = 19575848.001).
  • [ISSN] 0529-5807
  • [Journal-full-title] Zhonghua bing li xue za zhi = Chinese journal of pathology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Zhonghua Bing Li Xue Za Zhi
  • [Language] chi
  • [Publication-type] English Abstract; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] China
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Antigens, CD34
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26. Javahery RJ, Davidson L, Fangusaro J, Finlay JL, Gonzalez-Gomez I, McComb JG: Aggressive variant of a papillary glioneuronal tumor. Report of 2 cases. J Neurosurg Pediatr; 2009 Jan;3(1):46-52
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  • Therefore, the authors conclude that papillary glioneuronal tumors do not always behave in a strictly benign fashion.
  • [MeSH-major] Brain Neoplasms / surgery. Carcinoma, Papillary / surgery. Cerebral Cortex / surgery. Frontal Lobe / surgery. Ganglioglioma / surgery. Neoplasm Recurrence, Local / surgery. Neoplasms, Complex and Mixed / surgery. Neoplasms, Multiple Primary / surgery

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  • (PMID = 19119904.001).
  • [ISSN] 1933-0707
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of neurosurgery. Pediatrics
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Neurosurg Pediatr
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Glial Fibrillary Acidic Protein; 0 / Vimentin
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27. Arai A, Sasayama T, Tamaki M, Sakagami Y, Enoki E, Ohbayashi C, Kohmura E: Rosette-forming glioneuronal tumor of the fourth ventricle--case report. Neurol Med Chir (Tokyo); 2010;50(3):224-8

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  • The prognosis is benign, but relatively aggressive behaviors such as tumor growth, recurrence, and acute deterioration due to intratumoral hemorrhaging can occur.
  • [MeSH-minor] Adolescent. Astrocytoma / pathology. Female. Ganglioglioma / pathology. Humans. Rare Diseases / pathology. Rosette Formation. Treatment Outcome

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  • (PMID = 20339273.001).
  • [ISSN] 1349-8029
  • [Journal-full-title] Neurologia medico-chirurgica
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Neurol. Med. Chir. (Tokyo)
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Japan
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28. Marhold F, Preusser M, Dietrich W, Prayer D, Czech T: Clinicoradiological features of rosette-forming glioneuronal tumor (RGNT) of the fourth ventricle: report of four cases and literature review. J Neurooncol; 2008 Dec;90(3):301-8

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  • Despite benign histological features and a reported favorable postoperative course, there is still limited clinical experience with this tumor.
  • [MeSH-major] Cerebral Ventricle Neoplasms / pathology. Cerebral Ventricle Neoplasms / radiography. Fourth Ventricle / radiography. Ganglioglioma / pathology. Ganglioglioma / radiography

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  • (PMID = 18777116.001).
  • [ISSN] 0167-594X
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of neuro-oncology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Neurooncol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] Netherlands
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Glial Fibrillary Acidic Protein
  • [Number-of-references] 14
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29. Happle C, Wetzke M, Hermann EJ, Krauss JK, Hartmann H, Lücke T: ['Cases against KiSS': a diagnostic algorithm for children with torticollis]. Klin Padiatr; 2009 Dec;221(7):430-5
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  • Whereas most cases are benign, there is a long list of serious differential diagnoses for torticollis in infants.
  • [MeSH-major] Algorithms. Astrocytoma / diagnosis. Cerebellar Neoplasms / diagnosis. Cervical Vertebrae. Ganglioglioma / diagnosis. Magnetic Resonance Imaging. Neoplasms, Second Primary / diagnosis. Spinal Diseases / diagnosis. Torticollis / etiology

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  • [Copyright] (c) Georg Thieme Verlag KG Stuttgart New York.
  • (PMID = 20013566.001).
  • [ISSN] 1439-3824
  • [Journal-full-title] Klinische Pädiatrie
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Klin Padiatr
  • [Language] ger
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Germany
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30. Hoischen A, Ehrler M, Fassunke J, Simon M, Baudis M, Landwehr C, Radlwimmer B, Lichter P, Schramm J, Becker AJ, Weber RG: Comprehensive characterization of genomic aberrations in gangliogliomas by CGH, array-based CGH and interphase FISH. Brain Pathol; 2008 Jul;18(3):326-37
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  • [Title] Comprehensive characterization of genomic aberrations in gangliogliomas by CGH, array-based CGH and interphase FISH.
  • Gangliogliomas are generally benign neuroepithelial tumors composed of dysplastic neuronal and neoplastic glial elements.
  • We screened 61 gangliogliomas [World Health Organization (WHO) grade I] for genomic alterations by chromosomal and array-based comparative genomic hybridization (CGH).
  • Aberrations were detected in 66% of gangliogliomas (mean +/- SEM = 2.5 +/- 0.5 alterations/tumor).
  • A comparison with low-grade gliomas (astrocytomas WHO grade II) showed chromosome 5 gain to be significantly more frequent in gangliogliomas.
  • Two gangliogliomas and their anaplastic recurrences (WHO grade III) were analyzed.
  • Losses of CDKN2A/B and DMBT1 or a gain/amplification of CDK4 found in the anaplastic tumors were already present in the respective gangliogliomas by array CGH and interphase FISH.
  • In summary, genomic profiling in a large series of gangliogliomas could distinguish genetic subgroups even in this low-grade tumor.
  • [MeSH-major] Brain Neoplasms / genetics. Chromosome Aberrations. Ganglioglioma / genetics


31. Hu H, Yao HT, Zhang WP, Zhang L, Ding W, Zhang SH, Chen Z, Wei EQ: Increased expression of aquaporin-4 in human traumatic brain injury and brain tumors. J Zhejiang Univ Sci B; 2005 Jan;6(1):33-7
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  • METHODS: Nineteen human brain specimens were obtained from the patients with traumatic brain injury, brain tumors, benign meningioma or early stage hemorrhagic stroke.
  • AQP4 immunoreactivity was strong around astrocytomas, ganglioglioma and metastatic adenocarcinoma.
  • However, AQP4 immunoreactivity was only found in the centers of astrocytomas and ganglioglioma, but not in metastatic adenocarcinoma derived from lung.

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  • (PMID = 15593389.001).
  • [ISSN] 1673-1581
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of Zhejiang University. Science. B
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Zhejiang Univ Sci B
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Clinical Trial; Comparative Study; Controlled Clinical Trial; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] China
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / AQP4 protein, human; 0 / Aquaporin 4; 0 / Aquaporins; 0 / Biomarkers
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC1390756
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32. Sajko T, Kudelić N, Lupret V, Lupret V Jr, Nola IA: Treatment of pineal region lesions: our experience in 39 patients. Coll Antropol; 2009 Dec;33(4):1259-63
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • Pathohistological examination revealed 13 pineocytomas (33.33%), 10 germinomas (25.64%), 7 glial cysts (17.94%), 3 pineoblastomas (7.69%), two pilocytic astrocytomas (7.69%) and one case (2.56%) of papilloma plexus chorioideus, epidermal cyst, yolk sack tumor and ganglioglioma.
  • Benign pineal lesions could be cured with surgery alone.

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  • (PMID = 20102079.001).
  • [ISSN] 0350-6134
  • [Journal-full-title] Collegium antropologicum
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Coll Antropol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Croatia
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33. Andrychowski J, Taraszewska A, Czernicki Z, Jurkiewicz J, Netczuk T, Dabrowski P: Ten years observation and treatment of multifocal pilocytic astrocytoma. Folia Neuropathol; 2009;47(4):362-70
MedlinePlus Health Information. consumer health - Brain Tumors.

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • It is a benign, generally well-delineated, WHO grade I tumour with favorable prognosis, which makes it different from diffuse astrocytomas, classified as higher grades of malignancy.
  • Initially, the histopathological diagnosis of ganglioglioma was suggested for primary tumour, finally the diagnosis of pilocytic astrocytoma for both recurrent and primary tumour was established.
  • The presented case indicates that despite the spread of the neoplastic process, a histopathologically benign tumour (WHO I grade) allows for long-term survival and observation period.

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  • (PMID = 20054789.001).
  • [ISSN] 1509-572X
  • [Journal-full-title] Folia neuropathologica
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Folia Neuropathol
  • [Language] ENG
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Poland
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