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1. Kazek B, Huzarska M, Grzybowska-Chlebowczyk U, Kajor M, Ciupińska-Kajor M, Woś H, Marszał E: Platelet and intestinal 5-HT2A receptor mRNA in autistic spectrum disorders - results of a pilot study. Acta Neurobiol Exp (Wars); 2010;70(2):232-8
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  • In a subgroup of patients with gastrointestinal problems an upper gastrointestinal tract endoscopy was performed and additionally the expression of 5-HT(2A) receptor mRNA in the duodenum was assessed.
  • [MeSH-major] Autistic Disorder / genetics. Blood Platelets / metabolism. Intestines / metabolism. Receptor, Serotonin, 5-HT2A / genetics. Serotonin / blood
  • [MeSH-minor] Child. Child, Preschool. Duodenum / pathology. Female. Gene Expression. Humans. Male. Pilot Projects. Poland. RNA, Messenger / analysis

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  • [ErratumIn] Acta Neurobiol Exp (Wars). 2010;70(4):468
  • (PMID = 20628446.001).
  • [ISSN] 1689-0035
  • [Journal-full-title] Acta neurobiologiae experimentalis
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Acta Neurobiol Exp (Wars)
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] Poland
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / RNA, Messenger; 0 / Receptor, Serotonin, 5-HT2A; 333DO1RDJY / Serotonin
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2. Wallace DF, Subramaniam VN: Co-factors in liver disease: the role of HFE-related hereditary hemochromatosis and iron. Biochim Biophys Acta; 2009 Jul;1790(7):663-70
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  • The liver plays an important role in coordinating the regulation of iron homeostasis and is involved in regulating the level of iron absorption in the duodenum and iron recycling by the macrophages.


3. Desai AA, McGuigan JE, Draganov P: Zollinger-Ellison phenotype in the absence of hypergastrinemia and islet-cell tumor. Int J Gastrointest Cancer; 2005;35(2):157-61
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  • [Title] Zollinger-Ellison phenotype in the absence of hypergastrinemia and islet-cell tumor.
  • We describe a patient presenting with clinical manifestations characteristic of the ZES with strikingly elevated gastric acid secretion,multiple ulcers in the first and second portions of the duodenum and diarrhea, but in absence of islet-cell tumor and/or hypergastrinemia.
  • [MeSH-major] Diarrhea / etiology. Duodenal Ulcer / pathology. Gastric Acid / secretion. Zollinger-Ellison Syndrome / pathology

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  • (PMID = 15879632.001).
  • [ISSN] 1537-3649
  • [Journal-full-title] International journal of gastrointestinal cancer
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Int J Gastrointest Cancer
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Gastrins
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4. Peternel L, Skrajnar S, Cerne M: A comparative study of four permanent cannulation procedures in rats. J Pharmacol Toxicol Methods; 2010 Jan-Feb;61(1):20-6
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  • METHODS: Cannulation of the jugular vein (n=12), femoral vein (n=15), ileocolic vein (n=13) and the dual cannulation of the jugular vein/duodenum (n=7) were performed in the rat.
  • BW significantly decreased in the rats subjected to ileocolic and jugular/duodenum cannulation procedures only.
  • Therefore FC was considered as the most sensitive parameter for the estimation of the length of recovery period, resulting in the recovery period of 10 days and catheter patency of 75-85% in the case of jugular vein, femoral vein and dual jugular vein/duodenum cannulation procedures.
  • [MeSH-minor] Animals. Body Weight. Catheters, Indwelling / adverse effects. Colon / blood supply. Diet. Duodenum / blood supply. Femoral Vein / surgery. Ileum / blood supply. Jugular Veins / surgery. Male. Postoperative Period. Rats. Rats, Wistar. Time Factors. Water

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  • [Copyright] Copyright 2009 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
  • (PMID = 19622393.001).
  • [ISSN] 1873-488X
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of pharmacological and toxicological methods
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Pharmacol Toxicol Methods
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Comparative Study; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 059QF0KO0R / Water
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5. Egorov VI, Butkevich ATs, Sazhin AV, Iashina NI, Bogdanov SN, Lesin SV: [Duodenal pancreatic-preserving resections with common bile and pancreatic ducts replantation by cystic form of duodenal dystrophy]. Khirurgiia (Mosk); 2010;(8):16-23
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  • [Title] [Duodenal pancreatic-preserving resections with common bile and pancreatic ducts replantation by cystic form of duodenal dystrophy].
  • Two patients with cystic dystrophy of duodenum and chronic inflammation of duodenally ectopic pancreatic tissue were successfully operated on.
  • Both cases clinically demonstrated abdominal pain and duodenal obstruction.
  • The second patient had resection of vertical branch of the duodenum with intestinal fragment replacement.

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  • (PMID = 20823815.001).
  • [ISSN] 0023-1207
  • [Journal-full-title] Khirurgiia
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Khirurgiia (Mosk)
  • [Language] rus
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Russia (Federation)
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6. Baichi MM, Arifuddin RM, Mantry PS: Small-bowel masses found and missed on capsule endoscopy for obscure bleeding. Scand J Gastroenterol; 2007 Sep;42(9):1127-32
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  • Benign lesions included inflammatory fibroid polyp (n=1) and lipoma (n=1).
  • Three duodenal masses were missed on a previous EGD; one was missed by CE as well.
  • CE findings led directly to tumor diagnosis in 7 of the 10 cases.
  • Mass lesions in the duodenum are particularly elusive and can be missed by both EGD and CE.
  • [MeSH-major] Capsule Endoscopy. Intestinal Neoplasms / diagnosis


7. Fernandes VL, Bhasin DK, Rana SV: Study of enzyme activities in the descending part of the duodenum in patients of duodenal ulcer. Indian J Clin Biochem; 2006 Mar;21(1):169-72
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  • [Title] Study of enzyme activities in the descending part of the duodenum in patients of duodenal ulcer.
  • The aim of this study was to measure the levels of lactase, sucrase, maltase, leucine amino peptidase and gamma-glutamyl transpeptidase in duodenum of Indian patients with duodenal ulcer.
  • The effect of duodenum inflammation on these brush border enzymes has also been analysed in this study.
  • Levels of lactase, sucrase, maltase, leucine amino peptidase and gamma-glutamyl transpeptidase were assessed in duodenal biopsies of 20 patients of duodenal ulcer and 20 non-ulcer dyspepsia.
  • The duodenal biopsy specimens were also examined histopathologically for presence or absence of inflammation.
  • Only levels of gamma-glutamyl transpeptidase were significantly decreased in patients of duodenal ulcer with duodenal inflammation.
  • This study shows that only the levels of gamma-glutamyl transpeptidase were significantly decreased in patients of duodenal ulcer with inflammation but no change in duodenal enzymes due to duodenal ulcer as compared to non-ulcer dyspepsia.

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  • (PMID = 23105592.001).
  • [ISSN] 0970-1915
  • [Journal-full-title] Indian journal of clinical biochemistry : IJCB
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Indian J Clin Biochem
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] India
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC3453778
  • [Keywords] NOTNLM ; Inflammation / duodenal ulcer / leucine aminopeptidase
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8. Buzás GM: [The role of Orvosi Hetilap in the development of Hungarian gastroenterology. Part 2: 1905-1944]. Orv Hetil; 2008 Apr 6;149(14):655-63
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  • The most studied diseases were that of the stomach and duodenum (21%), while hepatologic studies accounted for 16.4%.
  • Diseases of the stomach and duodenum, including peptic ulcers, were studied in most detail.

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  • (PMID = 18375365.001).
  • [ISSN] 0030-6002
  • [Journal-full-title] Orvosi hetilap
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Orv Hetil
  • [Language] hun
  • [Publication-type] English Abstract; Historical Article; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Hungary
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9. Hatzaras I, Palesty JA, Abir F, Sullivan P, Kozol RA, Dudrick SJ, Longo WE: Small-bowel tumors: epidemiologic and clinical characteristics of 1260 cases from the connecticut tumor registry. Arch Surg; 2007 Mar;142(3):229-35
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Small-bowel tumors: epidemiologic and clinical characteristics of 1260 cases from the connecticut tumor registry.
  • SETTING: Data from the Connecticut Tumor Registry.
  • RESULTS: The most common location of small-bowel tumors was the ileum (374 cases; 29.7%), followed by the duodenum (320 cases; 25.4%) and the jejunum (193 cases; 15.3%).
  • In 367 patient cases (29.1%: 192 men [30.6%] and 175 women [27.7%]), a prior or subsequent tumor of the gastrointestinal tract was reported.
  • The former seems to be more frequently seen in the ileum, the latter in the duodenum.
  • [MeSH-major] Duodenal Neoplasms / epidemiology. Ileal Neoplasms / epidemiology. Jejunal Neoplasms / epidemiology

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  • (PMID = 17372046.001).
  • [ISSN] 0004-0010
  • [Journal-full-title] Archives of surgery (Chicago, Ill. : 1960)
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Arch Surg
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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10. Awad WA, Böhm J, Razzazi-Fazeli E, Ghareeb K, Zentek J: Effect of addition of a probiotic microorganism to broiler diets contaminated with deoxynivalenol on performance and histological alterations of intestinal villi of broiler chickens. Poult Sci; 2006 Jun;85(6):974-9
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  • There were no significant differences in the absolute and relative weights of the gizzard, duodenum, pancreas, heart, and spleen.
  • The DON altered small intestinal morphology, especially in the duodenum and jejunum, where villi were shorter and thinner (P < 0.05).

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  • (PMID = 16776464.001).
  • [ISSN] 0032-5791
  • [Journal-full-title] Poultry science
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Poult. Sci.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Food Additives; 0 / Trichothecenes; JT37HYP23V / deoxynivalenol
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11. Hyun HJ, Kim EM, Park SY, Jung JO, Chai JY, Hong ST: A case of severe anemia by Necator americanus infection in Korea. J Korean Med Sci; 2010 Dec;25(12):1802-4
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  • Gastroduodenoscopy observed hyperemic mucosa of the duodenum and discovered numerous moving roundworms on the mucosa.
  • [MeSH-major] Anemia / diagnosis. Necator americanus. Necatoriasis / diagnosis

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  • (PMID = 21165298.001).
  • [ISSN] 1598-6357
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of Korean medical science
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Korean Med. Sci.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Korea (South)
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Anthelmintics; F4216019LN / Albendazole
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC2995237
  • [Keywords] NOTNLM ; Anemia, Hypochromic / Necator americanus
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12. Røsok BI, Rosseland AR, Grzyb K, Mathisen O, Edwin B: Laparoscopic resection of an intraductal papillary mucinous carcinoma in ectopic pancreatic tissue. J Laparoendosc Adv Surg Tech A; 2008 Oct;18(5):723-5
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • Intraductal papillary mucinous neoplasia (IPMN) is a comparatively recently recognized pancreatic neoplasm with considerable malignant potential.
  • In this paper, we present a case of an intraductal papillary mucinous carcinoma arising within the ectopic pancreatic tissue in the wall of the proximal duodenum.
  • [MeSH-major] Adenocarcinoma, Mucinous / surgery. Adenocarcinoma, Papillary / surgery. Carcinoma, Pancreatic Ductal / surgery. Choristoma / surgery. Duodenal Diseases / surgery. Laparoscopy / methods. Pancreas. Pancreatic Neoplasms / surgery

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  • (PMID = 18803517.001).
  • [ISSN] 1092-6429
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of laparoendoscopic & advanced surgical techniques. Part A
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Laparoendosc Adv Surg Tech A
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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13. Kurygin AA: [Vagotomy in surgical gastroenterology: legends and reality]. Vestn Khir Im I I Grek; 2006;165(4):83-6
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  • In 2565 patients with perforated duodenal ulcer operation of suturing finished with lethal outcome in 9.2% of cases and recurrent disease in 54% of patients.
  • After 403 vagotomies for decompensated stenosis of the duodenum atony of the stomach developed in 1.2% of patients, recurrent ulcer appeared in 6%, lethality was 1%.

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  • (PMID = 17120431.001).
  • [ISSN] 0042-4625
  • [Journal-full-title] Vestnik khirurgii imeni I. I. Grekova
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Vestn. Khir. Im. I. I. Grek.
  • [Language] rus
  • [Publication-type] English Abstract; Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] Russia (Federation)
  • [Number-of-references] 19
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14. Thijs WJ, Kleibeuker JH: [Screening for coeliac disease currently not indicated]. Ned Tijdschr Geneeskd; 2005 Apr 9;149(15):797-800
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  • Coeliac disease is a common disorder, but most persons with coeliac disease remain undetected because they have only mild aspecific symptoms or are free of symptoms.
  • For a definitive diagnosis small bowel biopsies showing partial or (sub)total villous atrophy are required.
  • In case of clear clinical suspicion the most straightforward way to diagnose or exclude coeliac disease is by taking endoscopic biopsies from the distal duodenum.
  • At present there are insufficient reasons to initiate population-wide screening for coeliac disease by means of serological testing or individual screening by taking duodenal biopsies during each gastroscopy.
  • [MeSH-major] Celiac Disease / diagnosis. Intestinal Mucosa / pathology
  • [MeSH-minor] Antibodies, Anti-Idiotypic / blood. Biopsy. Duodenum / pathology. Humans. Mass Screening. Netherlands. Serologic Tests

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  • (PMID = 15850269.001).
  • [ISSN] 0028-2162
  • [Journal-full-title] Nederlands tijdschrift voor geneeskunde
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Ned Tijdschr Geneeskd
  • [Language] dut
  • [Publication-type] English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Netherlands
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Antibodies, Anti-Idiotypic
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15. Tian P, Jiang X, Zhong W, Jensen HM, Brandl M, Bates AH, Engelbrektson AL, Mandrell R: Binding of recombinant norovirus like particle to histo-blood group antigen on cells in the lumen of pig duodenum. Res Vet Sci; 2007 Dec;83(3):410-8
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  • [Title] Binding of recombinant norovirus like particle to histo-blood group antigen on cells in the lumen of pig duodenum.
  • [MeSH-major] Blood Group Antigens / metabolism. Duodenum / cytology. Intestinal Mucosa / cytology. Norovirus / metabolism. Swine

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  • (PMID = 17379264.001).
  • [ISSN] 0034-5288
  • [Journal-full-title] Research in veterinary science
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Res. Vet. Sci.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Grant] United States / NIAID NIH HHS / AI / R01 AI37093
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Blood Group Antigens
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16. Saiura A, Yamamoto J, Ueno M, Koga R, Seki M, Kokudo N: Long-term survival in patients with locally advanced colon cancer after en bloc pancreaticoduodenectomy and colectomy. Dis Colon Rectum; 2008 Oct;51(10):1548-51
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • Tumor involvement was duodenum only (n = 4), duodenum/pancreas (n = 3), stomach/pancreas (n = 1), duodenum/stomach (n = 2), duodenum/liver (n = 1), and pancreas only (n = 1).
  • CONCLUSIONS: Pancreaticoduodenectomy for advanced colon cancer invading the pancreas or duodenum provides favorable long-term survival.
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Aged. Humans. Male. Middle Aged. Neoplasm Invasiveness. Retrospective Studies. Survival Rate. Treatment Outcome

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  • (PMID = 18454292.001).
  • [ISSN] 1530-0358
  • [Journal-full-title] Diseases of the colon and rectum
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Dis. Colon Rectum
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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17. Karlsson J, Pütsep K, Chu H, Kays RJ, Bevins CL, Andersson M: Regional variations in Paneth cell antimicrobial peptide expression along the mouse intestinal tract. BMC Immunol; 2008 Jul 17;9:37
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  • RESULTS: In conventionally reared mice, the repertoire of Paneth cell antimicrobials differs between duodenum and ileum.
  • In contrast to the uniform expression of most Paneth cell antimicrobials, both cryptdin 4 and cryptdin-related sequences (CRS) 4C peptides were expressed at progressively increasing amounts (101- and 104-fold, respectively) comparing duodenum and ileum.

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  • (PMID = 18637162.001).
  • [ISSN] 1471-2172
  • [Journal-full-title] BMC immunology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] BMC Immunol.
  • [Language] ENG
  • [Grant] United States / NIAID NIH HHS / AI / R01 AI050843-01; United States / NIAID NIH HHS / AI / R01 AI032738; United States / NIAID NIH HHS / AI / AI050843-01; United States / NIAID NIH HHS / AI / R37 AI032738; United States / NIAID NIH HHS / AI / R01 AI050843; United States / NIAID NIH HHS / AI / AI 32738; United States / NIAID NIH HHS / AI / AI 50843; United States / NIAID NIH HHS / AI / AI032738-11; United States / NIAID NIH HHS / AI / R01 AI032738-11
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Antimicrobial Cationic Peptides; 0 / CRS4C protein, mouse; 0 / Defensins; 0 / Protein Precursors; 0 / Proteins; 0 / Reg3g protein, mouse
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC2488317
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18. Liu SP, Chang CY, Huang WH, Fu YS, Chao D, Huang HT: Dimethylthiourea pretreatment inhibits endotoxin-induced compound exocytosis in goblet cells and plasma leakage of rat small intestine. J Electron Microsc (Tokyo); 2010;59(2):127-39
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  • The percentage of villus cavitated goblet cell numbers, in both duodenum and ileum 5 min after LPS and in the ileum 30 min after LPS, increased significantly (P < 0.05).
  • Morphometric analysis showed that the percentage of crypt epithelial area in the duodenum and ileum occupied by goblet cell mucin stores in the duodenum and ileum 30 min after LPS were 3.8 +/- 0.2% (N = 6) and 6.9 +/- 0.5 (N = 6), respectively reducing to one half the amount of control (P < 0.01).

  • Hazardous Substances Data Bank. THIOUREA .
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  • (PMID = 19825851.001).
  • [ISSN] 1477-9986
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of electron microscopy
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Electron Microsc (Tokyo)
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] Japan
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Endotoxins; 0 / Free Radicals; 0 / Lipopolysaccharides; 0 / Mucins; 61805-96-7 / 1,3-dimethylthiourea; GYV9AM2QAG / Thiourea
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19. Supartika IK, van der Stroom-Kruyswijk JH, Toussaint MJ, Gruys E: Necrotizing granulomatous hepatitis in slaughtered broilers. Avian Dis; 2007 Jun;51(2):632-8
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  • Liver and duodenum samples were collected for histopathology from 365 birds with liver pathology.
  • The duodenum mucosa grossly showed some redness with a mucous mass on its surface.
  • The remaining 30.10% had moderate degenerative changes of villus epithelium with a mixed cellular infiltration in the lamina propria; 23.29% of the duodenum samples contained coccidia (infestation stage: mild to moderate).
  • [MeSH-minor] Abattoirs. Animals. Dermatitis / pathology. Duodenum / pathology. Foot / pathology. Hindlimb / pathology. Liver / pathology. Netherlands. Wings, Animal / pathology

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  • (PMID = 17626499.001).
  • [ISSN] 0005-2086
  • [Journal-full-title] Avian diseases
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Avian Dis.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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20. Kurbegov A, Grabb B, Bealer J: Superior mesenteric artery syndrome in a 16-year-old with bilious emesis. Curr Opin Pediatr; 2010 Oct;22(5):664-7
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  • Superior mesenteric artery (SMA) syndrome describes vascular compression of the third portion of the duodenum and presents with nausea, postprandial vomiting, and epigastric abdominal pain.
  • Diagnostic methods for identifying duodenal obstruction by the SMA include upper gastrointestinal barium contrast studies, computed tomography scans, or angiography of the aorta with either contrast or magnetic resonance angiography.
  • [MeSH-minor] Adolescent. Anastomosis, Surgical. Angiography. Diagnosis, Differential. Female. Follow-Up Studies. Humans. Laparoscopy. Tomography, X-Ray Computed

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  • (PMID = 20601880.001).
  • [ISSN] 1531-698X
  • [Journal-full-title] Current opinion in pediatrics
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Curr. Opin. Pediatr.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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21. Hasosah M, Lemberg DA, Skarsgard E, Schreiber R: Congenital short bowel syndrome: a case report and review of the literature. Can J Gastroenterol; 2008 Jan;22(1):71-4
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  • An upper gastrointestinal endoscopy showed a straight duodenum, and multiple small bowel biopsies were histologically normal.
  • At laparotomy, the small bowel was 50 cm in length, confirming the diagnosis of congenital SBS.
  • [MeSH-major] Digestive System Abnormalities / diagnosis. Short Bowel Syndrome / diagnosis. Short Bowel Syndrome / therapy. Torsion Abnormality / congenital
  • [MeSH-minor] Chronic Disease. Diagnosis, Differential. Diarrhea / etiology. Failure to Thrive / etiology. Humans. Infant. Intestine, Small / abnormalities. Male. Parenteral Nutrition

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  • (PMID = 18209785.001).
  • [ISSN] 0835-7900
  • [Journal-full-title] Canadian journal of gastroenterology = Journal canadien de gastroenterologie
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Can. J. Gastroenterol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] Canada
  • [Number-of-references] 35
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC2659124
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22. Corcuera Pindado MT, Nava Hidalgo MP, Angulo Burgos A, Aller Reyero MA, Gómez Aguado F, Casado Fariñas I, Alonso Martín MJ, Pérez AJ: [Splanchnic remodeling secondary to experimental prehepatic portal hypertension]. An Med Interna; 2005 Jul;22(7):317-22
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  • RESULTS: Hyperplasia of goblet cells in the small intestine (duodenum, jejunum, ileum) is maximum after 1 year of evolution of the portal hypertension and is associated with dilatation of the distal branches (3rd and 4th order) of the superior mesenteric vein.

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  • (PMID = 16288575.001).
  • [ISSN] 0212-7199
  • [Journal-full-title] Anales de medicina interna (Madrid, Spain : 1984)
  • [ISO-abbreviation] An Med Interna
  • [Language] spa
  • [Publication-type] English Abstract; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] Spain
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23. Wakisaka M, Shuto M, Abe H, Tajima M, Shiroshita H, Bandoh T, Arita T, Kobayashi M, Nakayama T, Okada F, Mori H, Uemura N: Computed tomography of the gastrointestinal manifestation of hereditary angioedema. Radiat Med; 2008 Dec;26(10):618-21
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  • Computed tomography (CT) revealed wall thickening of the gastric antrum, duodenum, and jejunum.
  • Dilatation of the third part of the duodenum, thickening of the small bowel mesentery and omentum, and retroperitoneal edema were present.
  • [MeSH-minor] Abdominal Pain / etiology. Complement C1 Inhibitor Protein / administration & dosage. Complement Inactivating Agents / administration & dosage. Diagnosis, Differential. Edema / etiology. Female. Humans. Middle Aged. Nausea / etiology

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  • (PMID = 19132494.001).
  • [ISSN] 0288-2043
  • [Journal-full-title] Radiation medicine
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Radiat Med
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Japan
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Complement C1 Inhibitor Protein; 0 / Complement Inactivating Agents
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24. De Ugarte DA, Dutson EP, Hiyama DT: Annular pancreas in the adult: management with laparoscopic gastrojejunostomy. Am Surg; 2006 Jan;72(1):71-3
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  • Annular pancreas is an uncommon congenital anomaly associated with duodenal atresia in neonates.
  • Operative management involves bypassing the obstructed duodenum.
  • In adults, the duodenum is less mobile, and duodenojejunostomy or gastrojejunostomy are recommended.
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Anastomosis, Surgical / methods. Diagnosis, Differential. Female. Fluoroscopy. Follow-Up Studies. Humans. Magnetic Resonance Imaging. Male. Middle Aged

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  • (PMID = 16494188.001).
  • [ISSN] 0003-1348
  • [Journal-full-title] The American surgeon
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Am Surg
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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25. Schulze K: Imaging and modelling of digestion in the stomach and the duodenum. Neurogastroenterol Motil; 2006 Mar;18(3):172-83
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  • [Title] Imaging and modelling of digestion in the stomach and the duodenum.
  • [MeSH-major] Diagnostic Imaging. Diagnostic Techniques, Digestive System. Digestion / physiology. Duodenum / physiology. Models, Biological. Stomach / physiology

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  • (PMID = 16487408.001).
  • [ISSN] 1350-1925
  • [Journal-full-title] Neurogastroenterology and motility : the official journal of the European Gastrointestinal Motility Society
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Neurogastroenterol. Motil.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Number-of-references] 103
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26. Bosanko NC, Lewis MJ, Chan YS, Winkles CL, Moss M: An example of the healing powers of a human being. BMJ Case Rep; 2009;2009
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  • This demonstrated a normal oesophagus and stomach and a fleshy mass in the first part of the duodenum with surrounding slough.
  • Results from duodenal biology showed the presence of ulcer slough and liver tissue.
  • The patient was diagnosed with a perforated duodenal ulcer, which had occurred some months previously, and which had eroded into the liver.

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  • (PMID = 21686915.001).
  • [ISSN] 1757-790X
  • [Journal-full-title] BMJ case reports
  • [ISO-abbreviation] BMJ Case Rep
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC3028238
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27. Chong CF, Chong VH, Jalihal A, Mathews L: Bronchobiliary fistula successfully treated surgically. Singapore Med J; 2008 Aug;49(8):e208-11
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  • Conservative treatment is directed at non-surgical approaches of relieving biliary obstruction to allow for normal flow of bile into the duodenum via endoscopy or percutaneous routes.
  • [MeSH-major] Biliary Fistula / diagnosis. Biliary Fistula / surgery. Bronchial Fistula / diagnosis. Bronchial Fistula / surgery. Liver / radiography

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  • (PMID = 18756335.001).
  • [ISSN] 0037-5675
  • [Journal-full-title] Singapore medical journal
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Singapore Med J
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Singapore
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28. Bhattacharya S, Choudhury AK, Ravi S, Morrissey J, Mathew G: Six years survival on imatinib with no disease progression after diagnosis of metastatic duodenal gastrointestinal stromal tumour: a case report. J Med Case Rep; 2008;2:110
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  • [Title] Six years survival on imatinib with no disease progression after diagnosis of metastatic duodenal gastrointestinal stromal tumour: a case report.
  • INTRODUCTION: A duodenal Gastrointestinal Stromal Tumour (GIST) is a rare finding and until recently advanced disease had a poor prognosis.
  • CASE PRESENTATION: A 68 year old female was diagnosed with unresectable GIST in the duodenum with metastasis to liver, pancreas and omentum in November 2001.

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  • (PMID = 18423008.001).
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  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of medical case reports
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Med Case Rep
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC2386476
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29. Neupert G, Appel P, Braun S, Tonus C: [Heterotopic pancreas in the gallbladder. Diagnosis, therapy, and course of a rare developmental anomaly of the pancreas]. Chirurg; 2007 Mar;78(3):261-4
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  • [Title] [Heterotopic pancreas in the gallbladder. Diagnosis, therapy, and course of a rare developmental anomaly of the pancreas].
  • Ninety per cent of ectopic pancreas is found in the stomach, duodenum, and jejunum.
  • Mostly it is asymptomatic and benign.
  • [MeSH-major] Choristoma / diagnosis. Gallbladder Diseases / diagnosis. Pancreas
  • [MeSH-minor] Cholecystectomy, Laparoscopic. Cholecystitis / diagnosis. Cholecystitis / pathology. Cholecystitis / surgery. Cholelithiasis / diagnosis. Cholelithiasis / pathology. Cholelithiasis / surgery. Diagnosis, Differential. Female. Gallbladder / pathology. Humans. Middle Aged

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  • (PMID = 16775679.001).
  • [ISSN] 0009-4722
  • [Journal-full-title] Der Chirurg; Zeitschrift fur alle Gebiete der operativen Medizen
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Chirurg
  • [Language] ger
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Germany
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30. Murata Y, Miyata K, Yuasa N, Takeuchi E, Goto Y, Miyake H, Nagai H, Kobayashi Y: Massive pneumoperitoneum after esophagectomy. Am J Surg; 2010 Nov;200(5):e67-8
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  • On the day after admission, upper gastrointestinal endoscopy showed no ulcers or strictures of the remnant esophagus, gastric tube, and duodenum.
  • When a patient has a history of operation, accurate understanding of operative procedure and postoperative anatomic change may provide a clue to appropriate diagnosis.
  • [MeSH-minor] Aged. Diagnosis, Differential. Humans. Male

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  • [Copyright] Copyright © 2010 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
  • (PMID = 20832049.001).
  • [ISSN] 1879-1883
  • [Journal-full-title] American journal of surgery
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Am. J. Surg.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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31. Andrews FM, Reinemeyer CR, Longhofer SL: Effects of top-dress formulations of suxibuzone and phenylbutazone on development of gastric ulcers in horses. Vet Ther; 2009;10(3):113-20
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  • However, ulcers in other regions of the gastrointestinal tract (e.g., right dorsal colon, duodenum) were not evaluated in horses in this study.

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  • (PMID = 20037965.001).
  • [ISSN] 1528-3593
  • [Journal-full-title] Veterinary therapeutics : research in applied veterinary medicine
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Vet. Ther.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Controlled Clinical Trial; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Anti-Inflammatory Agents, Non-Steroidal; 86TDZ5WP2B / suxibuzone; GN5P7K3T8S / Phenylbutazone
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32. Ochiai H, Kanemaki N, Kamoshida S, Murakami M, Ichihara N, Asari M, Nishita T: Determination of full-length cDNA nucleotide sequence of equine carbonic anhydrase VI and its expression in various tissues. J Vet Med Sci; 2009 Sep;71(9):1233-7
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  • In contrast, RT-PCR analysis revealed signals in the digestive tract including duodenum, jejunum, ileum, cecum and colon as well as the salivary glands.

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  • (PMID = 19801906.001).
  • [ISSN] 0916-7250
  • [Journal-full-title] The Journal of veterinary medical science
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Vet. Med. Sci.
  • [Language] ENG
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Japan
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / DNA, Complementary; EC 4.2.1.1 / Carbonic Anhydrases; EC 4.2.1.1 / carbonic anhydrase VI
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33. Nikeghbalian S, Bahador A, Salahi H, Kakaei F, Kazemi K, Dehghani M, Ghaffaripour S, Malek-Hosseini SA: Non-marginal donor C-loop ulcers as a cause of gastrointestinal bleeding after pancreas transplantation: three case reports. Transplant Proc; 2009 Sep;41(7):2930-2
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  • Complications can arise not only from the pancreas itself but also from the simultaneously transplanted duodenum.
  • In this case series, we present three patients presented with severe anemia 3 to 6 months after PTx with enteric drainage by end-to-end anastomosis of ascending loop of a Roux-en-Y to donor duodenal C-loop.
  • The source of bleeding in all three cases was non-marginal donor duodenal C-loop ulcers.
  • [MeSH-major] Afferent Loop Syndrome / diagnosis. Gastrointestinal Hemorrhage / etiology. Pancreas Transplantation / adverse effects. Tissue Donors


34. Thomas M, Basu NN, Gulati MS, Seager R, Oke T, Constantinescu G, Siddiqui M: Isolated duodenal rupture due to go-karting accidents--braking news. Ann R Coll Surg Engl; 2009 May;91(4):340-3
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  • [Title] Isolated duodenal rupture due to go-karting accidents--braking news.
  • INTRODUCTION: Isolated duodenal injury due to blunt abdominal trauma is extremely rare.
  • CASE REPORTS: Between October 2007 and February 2008, three cases of D3/D4 duodenal rupture presented to our hospital after go-karting accidents.
  • In all cases, computed tomography scanning was highly suggestive of duodenal injury and, in particular, demonstrated presence of retroperitoneal air centred around the duodenum.
  • CONCLUSIONS: Duodenal injury presents insidiously due to its retroperitoneal position.
  • [MeSH-major] Abdominal Injuries / etiology. Duodenum / injuries. Off-Road Motor Vehicles. Wounds, Nonpenetrating / etiology

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  • (PMID = 19344555.001).
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35. Mathara JM, Schillinger U, Kutima PM, Mbugua SK, Guigas C, Franz C, Holzapfel WH: Functional properties of Lactobacillus plantarum strains isolated from Maasai traditional fermented milk products in Kenya. Curr Microbiol; 2008 Apr;56(4):315-21
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  • The four strains tested in a simulated stomach duodenum passage survived with recovery rates ranging from 17% to 100%.

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  • (PMID = 18175177.001).
  • [ISSN] 0343-8651
  • [Journal-full-title] Current microbiology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Curr. Microbiol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] United States
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36. Nakayoshi T, Kawasaki N, Suzuki Y, Yasui Y, Nakada K, Ishibashi Y, Hanyu N, Urashima M, Yanaga K: Epidural administration of morphine facilitates time of appearance of first gastric interdigestive migrating complex in dogs with paralytic ileus after open abdominal surgery. J Gastrointest Surg; 2007 May;11(5):648-54
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  • Strain gauge force transducers were sutured under open operation to the serosal surface of the stomach, duodenum, jejunum, and ileum to monitor gut motility.
  • [MeSH-minor] Amides / administration & dosage. Anesthesia, Epidural. Anesthetics, Local / administration & dosage. Animals. Dogs. Duodenum / drug effects. Duodenum / physiopathology. Gastrointestinal Motility / drug effects. Ileum / drug effects. Ileum / physiopathology. Injections, Intravenous. Jejunum / drug effects. Jejunum / physiopathology. Laparotomy. Peristalsis / drug effects. Random Allocation

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  • (PMID = 17468925.001).
  • [ISSN] 1091-255X
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of gastrointestinal surgery : official journal of the Society for Surgery of the Alimentary Tract
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Gastrointest. Surg.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Comparative Study; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Amides; 0 / Anesthetics, Local; 0 / Narcotics; 76I7G6D29C / Morphine; 7IO5LYA57N / ropivacaine
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37. Tsukiyama K, Yamada Y, Yamada C, Harada N, Kawasaki Y, Ogura M, Bessho K, Li M, Amizuka N, Sato M, Udagawa N, Takahashi N, Tanaka K, Oiso Y, Seino Y: Gastric inhibitory polypeptide as an endogenous factor promoting new bone formation after food ingestion. Mol Endocrinol; 2006 Jul;20(7):1644-51
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  • Meal ingestion elicits secretion of the gut hormone gastric inhibitory polypeptide (GIP) from endocrine K cells in the duodenum.


38. Shrestha MK, Lalchan S: Adrenal gland teratoma in a 40-year-old woman. Nepal Med Coll J; 2010 Sep;12(3):201-2
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  • Teratoma is a germ-cell tumor that commonly affects the gonads.
  • Teratoma in the region of adrenal gland is a rare and uncommon retroperitoneal tumor; only few cases have been reported.
  • This case report describes such a tumor in a 40-year-old-woman who presented with multiple vague complaints.
  • Intraoperatively a supra-renal tumor was found within in a pseudocapsule that covered most of the tumor with a part of duodenum fixed to the mass.

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  • (PMID = 21446374.001).
  • [Journal-full-title] Nepal Medical College journal : NMCJ
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Nepal Med Coll J
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Nepal
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39. Samim MM, Armstrong CP: Surgical clip found at duodenal ulcer after laparoscopic cholecystectomy: report of a case. Int J Surg; 2008 Dec;6(6):473-4
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  • [Title] Surgical clip found at duodenal ulcer after laparoscopic cholecystectomy: report of a case.
  • Surgical clips may incorporate into the duodenal ulcer after laparoscopic cholecystectomy leading to a rare complication.
  • CASE REPORT: A 70-year-old woman, 15 years after laparoscopic cholecystectomy, developed weight loss, anemia and gastric outlet obstruction secondary to a chronic duodenal ulcer.
  • At surgery she was found to have gastric outlet obstruction and mobilization of the duodenum revealed a large ulcer with a migrated clip from the cystic duct in its base.
  • [MeSH-major] Cholecystectomy, Laparoscopic / adverse effects. Duodenal Ulcer / etiology. Foreign-Body Migration / complications. Surgical Instruments / adverse effects

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  • (PMID = 19059149.001).
  • [ISSN] 1743-9159
  • [Journal-full-title] International journal of surgery (London, England)
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Int J Surg
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] England
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40. Rana SS, Bhasin DK, Gupta R, Yadav TD, Gupta V, Singh K: Periampullary Dieulafoy's lesion: an unusual cause of gastrointestinal bleeding. JOP; 2010;11(3):266-9
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  • However, as there was presence of fresh blood in the proximal jejunum, a push enteroscopy was performed which revealed the presence of fresh blood in the duodenum and proximal jejunum.

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  • (PMID = 20442525.001).
  • [ISSN] 1590-8577
  • [Journal-full-title] JOP : Journal of the pancreas
  • [ISO-abbreviation] JOP
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Italy
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Vasoconstrictor Agents; YKH834O4BH / Epinephrine
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41. Leite AK, David AI, Szutan LA: [Duodenal duplication cyst filled with enteroliths: a case report]. Acta Gastroenterol Latinoam; 2009 Jun;39(2):125-8
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  • [Title] [Duodenal duplication cyst filled with enteroliths: a case report].
  • [Transliterated title] Cisto de duplição do duodeno com cálculos: Apresentação de caso.
  • Alimentary tract duplications are very rare, especially among adults, and only in 4-12% of the cases the duodenum is the site of origin.
  • We report a case of a duodenal duplication cyst filled with enteroliths in a 23-year-old female patient presenting these symptons.
  • The computed tomography showed a mesenteric cyst and the patient underwent a surgical procedure during which the diagnosis of duplication cyst with enteroliths was made and the cyst was excised with success.
  • The diagnosis before surgery in these cases is extremely difficult especially if one considers how rare they are.
  • [MeSH-major] Calculi / diagnosis. Cysts / diagnosis. Duodenal Diseases / diagnosis. Duodenum / abnormalities

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  • (PMID = 19663086.001).
  • [ISSN] 0300-9033
  • [Journal-full-title] Acta gastroenterologica Latinoamericana
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Acta Gastroenterol. Latinoam.
  • [Language] spa
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Argentina
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42. Zhang DL, Hughes RM, Ollivierre-Wilson H, Ghosh MC, Rouault TA: A ferroportin transcript that lacks an iron-responsive element enables duodenal and erythroid precursor cells to evade translational repression. Cell Metab; 2009 May;9(5):461-73
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  • [Title] A ferroportin transcript that lacks an iron-responsive element enables duodenal and erythroid precursor cells to evade translational repression.
  • However, here we demonstrate that duodenal epithelial and erythroid precursor cells utilize an alternative upstream promoter to express a FPN1 transcript, FPN1B, which lacks the IRE and is not repressed in iron-deficient conditions.
  • The FPN1B transcript encodes ferroportin with an identical open reading frame and contributes significantly to ferroportin protein expression in erythroid precursors and likely also in the duodenum of iron-starved animals.
  • [MeSH-major] Cation Transport Proteins / metabolism. Duodenum / metabolism. Erythroid Precursor Cells / metabolism. Iron / metabolism

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  • (PMID = 19416716.001).
  • [ISSN] 1932-7420
  • [Journal-full-title] Cell metabolism
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Cell Metab.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Databank-accession-numbers] GENBANK/ FJ207421/ FJ207422/ FJ207423
  • [Grant] United States / Intramural NIH HHS / / Z01 HD001602-23
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Intramural
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / 5' Untranslated Regions; 0 / Cation Transport Proteins; 0 / Iron-Regulatory Proteins; 0 / metal transporting protein 1; E1UOL152H7 / Iron
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ NIHMS105137; NLM/ PMC2685206
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43. Ueda T, Yamada T, Ugawa S, Ishida Y, Shimada S: TRPV3, a thermosensitive channel is expressed in mouse distal colon epithelium. Biochem Biophys Res Commun; 2009 May 22;383(1):130-4
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  • Expression analyses clearly revealed that TRPV3 mRNA and proteins were expressed in the superficial epithelial cells of the distal colon, but not in those of the stomach, duodenum or proximal colon.

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  • [ErratumIn] Biochem Biophys Res Commun. 2012 Oct 5;426(4):666
  • (PMID = 19336223.001).
  • [ISSN] 1090-2104
  • [Journal-full-title] Biochemical and biophysical research communications
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Biochem. Biophys. Res. Commun.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Monoterpenes; 0 / TRPV Cation Channels; 0 / Trpv3 protein, mouse; 8L70Q75FXE / Adenosine Triphosphate; 9B1J4V995Q / carvacrol
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44. Erkan N, Vardar E, Vardar R: Heterotopic pancreas: report of two cases. JOP; 2007;8(5):588-91
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  • One of them was a 56-year-old man noted to have a mass in the proximal duodenum during elective cholecystectomy for cholelithiasis.
  • The mass was excised locally and primary duodenal repair was carried out.
  • CONCLUSION: Resection of the heterotopic pancreas tissue-bearing area is advisable when the condition is encountered coincidentally at surgery, and surgical exploration should be done for all symptomatic patients, particularly in the absence of a histological diagnosis.
  • [MeSH-major] Choristoma / pathology. Duodenal Diseases / pathology. Jejunal Diseases / pathology. Pancreas

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  • (PMID = 17873464.001).
  • [ISSN] 1590-8577
  • [Journal-full-title] JOP : Journal of the pancreas
  • [ISO-abbreviation] JOP
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Italy
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45. Arévalo F, Aragón V, Morales L D, Morales Caramutti D, Arandia J, Alcocer G: [Duodenal villous atrophy, an unexpectedly common finding in giardia lamblia infestation]. Rev Gastroenterol Peru; 2010 Oct-Dec;30(4):272-6
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  • [Title] [Duodenal villous atrophy, an unexpectedly common finding in giardia lamblia infestation].
  • [Transliterated title] Atrofia villositaria duodenal, un hallazgo inesperadamente frecuente en infestación por giardia lamblia.
  • OBJECTIVE: To study the histological changes observed in Giardia positive biopsies obtained from the duodenum.: The number of intraepithelial lymphocytes (IEL), grade of villous atrophy, presence of lymph follicles and number of eosinophils in the lamina propria per HPF were assessed.
  • [MeSH-major] Duodenum / parasitology. Duodenum / pathology. Giardia lamblia. Giardiasis / pathology

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  • (PMID = 21263755.001).
  • [ISSN] 1022-5129
  • [Journal-full-title] Revista de gastroenterología del Perú : órgano oficial de la Sociedad de Gastroenterología del Perú
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Rev Gastroenterol Peru
  • [Language] spa
  • [Publication-type] English Abstract; Journal Article; Multicenter Study
  • [Publication-country] Peru
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46. Vijayaraghavan R, Belagavi CS: Double gallbladder with different disease entities: A case report. J Minim Access Surg; 2006 Mar;2(1):23-6
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  • Ultrasound examination had suggested a septate gallbladder; the diagnosis of dual gallbladder was made per-operatively during separation of the distal moiety which was presumed to be an adherent duodenum initially.
  • Intraoperative cholecystogram confirmed the diagnosis and both gallbladders were removed successfully laparoscopically.A high degree of awareness, detailed preoperative investigations when anomalies are suspected and intraoperative cholangiography are necessary for accurate detailing of the biliary tree to avoid inadvertent damage to the biliary ductal system and overlooking of second or third gallbladder during surgery.

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  • (PMID = 21170223.001).
  • [ISSN] 0972-9941
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of minimal access surgery
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Minim Access Surg
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] India
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC2997217
  • [Keywords] NOTNLM ; Double gallbladder / laparoscopic cholecystectomy
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47. Ledinsky M, Suić I, Babić N, Kujundzić S: Symptoms of annular pancreas exacerbated by pregnancy. Acta Clin Croat; 2009 Mar;48(1):47-50
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  • Diagnostic work-up revealed partial annular pancreas compressing the duodenum.
  • The question remains whether annular pancreas presents a cause of pathologic findings, a cofactor, or a mere accidental diagnosis in the development of superposed pathologies.


48. Ratchford EV, Morrissey NJ: Aortoenteric fistula: a late complication of endovascular repair of an inflammatory abdominal aortic aneurysm. Vasc Endovascular Surg; 2006 Dec-2007 Jan;40(6):487-91
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  • He presented with gastrointestinal bleeding 51/2 months later and was found to have an aortoenteric fistula involving the third portion of the duodenum.
  • [MeSH-major] Angioplasty / adverse effects. Aortic Aneurysm, Abdominal / surgery. Aortic Diseases / etiology. Blood Vessel Prosthesis Implantation / adverse effects. Duodenal Diseases / etiology. Intestinal Fistula / etiology. Vascular Fistula / etiology


49. Saif MW, Black G, Johnson M, Russo S, Diasio R: Radiation recall phenomenon secondary to capecitabine: possible role of thymidine phosphorylase. Cancer Chemother Pharmacol; 2006 Dec;58(6):771-5
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  • One male patient with tumor in the neck and body of pancreas and not infiltrating the duodenum dropped hemoglobin to 7.3 g/dl at the end of the ninth week, and melena on rectal examination.
  • His anemia continued to progress, a CT scan revealed 39% decrease in the tumor size (PR).
  • Analysis of tumor specimen prior to the start of capecitabine-XRT showed TP expression of 183.16 (high).
  • [MeSH-minor] Aged. Antimetabolites, Antineoplastic / administration & dosage. Antimetabolites, Antineoplastic / adverse effects. Antimetabolites, Antineoplastic / therapeutic use. Capecitabine. Combined Modality Therapy. Dihydrouracil Dehydrogenase (NADP) / genetics. Gastritis / chemically induced. Gastritis / etiology. Gene Expression Regulation, Neoplastic / drug effects. Gene Expression Regulation, Neoplastic / genetics. Gene Expression Regulation, Neoplastic / radiation effects. Humans. Male. RNA, Messenger / genetics. RNA, Messenger / metabolism. Reverse Transcriptase Polymerase Chain Reaction / methods. Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha / genetics

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  • (PMID = 16552574.001).
  • [ISSN] 0344-5704
  • [Journal-full-title] Cancer chemotherapy and pharmacology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Cancer Chemother. Pharmacol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Germany
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Antimetabolites, Antineoplastic; 0 / RNA, Messenger; 0 / Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha; 0W860991D6 / Deoxycytidine; 6804DJ8Z9U / Capecitabine; EC 1.3.1.2 / Dihydrouracil Dehydrogenase (NADP); EC 2.4.2.4 / Thymidine Phosphorylase; U3P01618RT / Fluorouracil
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50. Barsukov SV: [Lymphoma of the duodenum after a chemical burn complicated by mechanical jaundice]. Vestn Khir Im I I Grek; 2006;165(1):82-3
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  • [Title] [Lymphoma of the duodenum after a chemical burn complicated by mechanical jaundice].
  • [MeSH-major] Burns, Chemical / complications. Duodenal Neoplasms / complications. Jaundice, Obstructive / etiology. Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma / complications. Stomach / injuries
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Cholecystectomy. Diagnosis, Differential. Female. Follow-Up Studies. Humans. Pancreaticoduodenectomy

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  • (PMID = 16568864.001).
  • [ISSN] 0042-4625
  • [Journal-full-title] Vestnik khirurgii imeni I. I. Grekova
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Vestn. Khir. Im. I. I. Grek.
  • [Language] rus
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Russia (Federation)
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51. Yau KK, Siu WT, Tsui KK: Migrating gallstone: from Bouveret's syndrome to distal small bowel obstruction. J Laparoendosc Adv Surg Tech A; 2006 Jun;16(3):256-60
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  • When the gallstone lodges inside the duodenum and causes gastric outlet obstruction, it is termed Bouveret's syndrome.
  • However, it is rather unusual to seen the evolution of a migrating gallstone (from duodenum to distal small bowel) in a patient during the same hospital admission.
  • [MeSH-minor] Aged. Diagnosis, Differential. Humans. Male. Syndrome

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  • (PMID = 16796435.001).
  • [ISSN] 1092-6429
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of laparoendoscopic & advanced surgical techniques. Part A
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Laparoendosc Adv Surg Tech A
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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52. Secilmis MA, Kiroğlu OE, Ogulener N: Role of superoxide dismutase enzymes and ascorbate in protection of nitrergic relaxation against superoxide anions in mouse duodenum. Acta Pharmacol Sin; 2008 Jun;29(6):687-97
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  • [Title] Role of superoxide dismutase enzymes and ascorbate in protection of nitrergic relaxation against superoxide anions in mouse duodenum.
  • AIM: The aim of this study was to investigate whether superoxide dismutase (SOD) enzymes and ascorbate play a role in the protection of the nitrergic relaxation against superoxide anion inhibition in the mouse duodenum.
  • METHODS: The effects of exogenous SOD, N,No-bis(salicylidene) ethylenediamine chloride (EUK-8; a synthetic cell-permeable mimetic of the manganese SOD [Mn-SOD] and ascorbate on relaxant responses induced by nitrergic nerve stimulation), exogenous nitric oxide (NO), and nitroglycerin were investigated in isolated mouse duodenum tissues.
  • CONCLUSION: These results suggest that the nitrergic neurotransmission in the mouse duodenum is protected by endogenous tissue antioxidants against superoxide anions, and Mn SOD, in addition to copper/zinc SOD, can protect NO from attack from superoxide anion generators intracellularly.
  • Also, the possibility that the endogenous neurotransmitter may not be the free NO but a NO-containing or NO-generating molecule in the mouse duodenum remains open.
  • [MeSH-major] Ascorbic Acid / pharmacology. Duodenum / physiology. Free Radical Scavengers / pharmacology. Muscle, Smooth / physiology. Nitric Oxide / physiology. Oxidants / metabolism. Superoxide Dismutase / physiology. Superoxides / metabolism

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  • (PMID = 18501115.001).
  • [ISSN] 1745-7254
  • [Journal-full-title] Acta pharmacologica Sinica
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Acta Pharmacol. Sin.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] China
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Antioxidants; 0 / Ethylenediamines; 0 / Free Radical Scavengers; 0 / Organometallic Compounds; 0 / Oxidants; 11062-77-4 / Superoxides; 31C4KY9ESH / Nitric Oxide; 4TI98Z838E / Estradiol; 53177-12-1 / N,N'-bis(salicylideneamino)ethane-manganese(II); 6563-87-7 / 3,17-diacetoxyestra-1,3,5(10)-trien-2-carboxylic acid; EC 1.15.1.1 / Superoxide Dismutase; PQ6CK8PD0R / Ascorbic Acid
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53. Wang DP, He XS, Zhu XF, Peng JS, Ma Y, Wang GD, Qian SK, Ju WQ, Wu LW, Zhan WH: [Digestive tract reconstruction and postoperative management of upper abdominal multivisceral transplantation]. Zhonghua Wei Chang Wai Ke Za Zhi; 2007 Mar;10(2):130-3
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  • RESULTS: During the operation, liver, gall bladder, pancreas, duodenum, part of jejunum, total stomach, greater and lesser omentum, and spleen were all resected from the recipient.
  • Roux-en-Y procedure was adopted for the reconstruction of digestive tract, including closing the proximal end of donor duodenum, anastomosing recipient jejunum with horizontal part of donor duodenum, transecting the jejunum 35 cm from the anastomosis, end-to-side anastomosing the distal cut end of jejunum with the end of esophagus, and end-to-side anastomosing proximal cut jejunum with jejunum 50 cm away from esophageal anastomosis.
  • Drainage tube was left inside duodenum and jejunum stoma was made for nutrient canal.The endocrine of pancreas was suppressed by the use of somatostatin postoperatively.
  • Removing of nasogastric tube and duodenum draining tube were delayed.
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Duodenum / surgery. Female. Humans. Jejunum / surgery. Liver / surgery. Pancreatic Neoplasms / surgery. Stomach / surgery

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  • (PMID = 17380451.001).
  • [ISSN] 1671-0274
  • [Journal-full-title] Zhonghua wei chang wai ke za zhi = Chinese journal of gastrointestinal surgery
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Zhonghua Wei Chang Wai Ke Za Zhi
  • [Language] chi
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; English Abstract; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] China
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54. Ghazal AH, Sorour MA, El-Riwini M, El-Bahrawy H: Single-step treatment of gall bladder and bile duct stones: a combined endoscopic-laparoscopic technique. Int J Surg; 2009 Aug;7(4):338-46
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  • A soft-tipped guide-wire was passed through the cystic duct and papilla into the duodenum.

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  • (PMID = 19481184.001).
  • [ISSN] 1743-9159
  • [Journal-full-title] International journal of surgery (London, England)
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Int J Surg
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] England
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55. Oliveira A, Sereno R, Nicolau A, Azeredo J: The influence of the mode of administration in the dissemination of three coliphages in chickens. Poult Sci; 2009 Apr;88(4):728-33
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  • Birds were killed 3, 10, and 24 h after challenge and the phage titer was measured in lungs and air sacs membranes, liver, duodenum, and spleen.
  • Oral administration also allowed all phages to be recovered in lungs, but only phi F78E was recovered from the duodenum, the liver, and the spleen.

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  • (PMID = 19276415.001).
  • [ISSN] 0032-5791
  • [Journal-full-title] Poultry science
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Poult. Sci.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Clinical Trial; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] United States
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56. Konturek SJ, Konturek PC, Brzozowski T, Bubenik GA: Role of melatonin in upper gastrointestinal tract. J Physiol Pharmacol; 2007 Dec;58 Suppl 6:23-52
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  • This review focuses on the role of melatonin in upper portion of gastrointestinal tract (GIT), including oral cavity, esophagus, stomach and duodenum, where this indole is generated and released into the GIT lumen and into the portal circulation to be uptaken, metabolized by liver and released with bile into the duodenum.

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  • (PMID = 18212399.001).
  • [ISSN] 0867-5910
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of physiology and pharmacology : an official journal of the Polish Physiological Society
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Physiol. Pharmacol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] Poland
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Antioxidants; 8DUH1N11BX / Tryptophan; EC 2.1.1.4 / Acetylserotonin O-Methyltransferase; EC 2.3.1.87 / Arylalkylamine N-Acetyltransferase; JL5DK93RCL / Melatonin
  • [Number-of-references] 68
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57. Cao X, Yu LX, Barbaciru C, Landowski CP, Shin HC, Gibbs S, Miller HA, Amidon GL, Sun D: Permeability dominates in vivo intestinal absorption of P-gp substrate with high solubility and high permeability. Mol Pharm; 2005 Jul-Aug;2(4):329-40
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  • Four different regions (duodenum, jejunum, ileum, and colon) showed distinct gene expression patterns with more than 70-499 genes showing at least 5-fold expression differences.
  • Interestingly, P-gp expression is gradually increased by 6-fold from the duodenum to colon.

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  • (PMID = 16053336.001).
  • [ISSN] 1543-8384
  • [Journal-full-title] Molecular pharmaceutics
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Mol. Pharm.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / P-Glycoprotein; 9Y8NXQ24VQ / Propranolol; CJ0O37KU29 / Verapamil
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58. Hanzel J, Mokrý M, Horńák J, Krausko A, Dekrétová J: [Injuries of posterior duodenal wall]. Rozhl Chir; 2009 Dec;88(12):697-8
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  • [Title] [Injuries of posterior duodenal wall].
  • [Transliterated title] Poranenie zadnej steny duodena.
  • Traumatic injury to the back wall of the duodenum is a rare injury now.
  • Due to rapid development of retroperitoneal flegmona from unknown damage to retroperitoneal wall of the duodenum it is necessary its early diagnosis.
  • In the mentioned case we recall the perforating injury of the abdominal cavity with a back injury of the duodenal wall and its successful treatment by primary suture.
  • [MeSH-major] Duodenum / injuries. Wounds, Stab

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  • (PMID = 20662431.001).
  • [ISSN] 0035-9351
  • [Journal-full-title] Rozhledy v chirurgii : měsíčník Československé chirurgické společnosti
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Rozhl Chir
  • [Language] slo
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Czech Republic
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59. Zhang YX, Nie YQ, Xiao X, Yu NF, Li QN, Deng L: [Treatment of congenital hypertrophic pyloric stenosis with endoscopic pyloromyotomy]. Zhonghua Er Ke Za Zhi; 2008 Apr;46(4):247-51
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  • METHOD: Nine consecutive infants (7 boys, 2 girls; age range 26 - 70 days; weight range 2.65 - 6.10 kg), with a diagnosis of CHPS according to typical clinical manifestations, transabdominal ultrasound (US), gastroenterography and gastroscope.
  • A gastroscope with an outer diameter of 5.9 mm was passed through mouth, stomach, pylorus to the descending segment of duodenum.
  • Under gastroscopy, two incisions were made along the anterior and posterior wall of pylorus from the duodenal bulb to the antrum by using endoscopic electrosurgical needle knife and an arch sphincter sarcosome.
  • RESULT: The endoscope was easily passed through the pylorus to the duodenum post-operation.

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  • (PMID = 19099723.001).
  • [ISSN] 0578-1310
  • [Journal-full-title] Zhonghua er ke za zhi = Chinese journal of pediatrics
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Zhonghua Er Ke Za Zhi
  • [Language] chi
  • [Publication-type] English Abstract; Evaluation Studies; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] China
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60. Nakao A, Fernández-Cruz L: Pancreatic head resection with segmental duodenectomy: safety and long-term results. Ann Surg; 2007 Dec;246(6):923-8; discussion 929-31
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  • Recently, organ-preserving pancreatic resections for benign and noninvasive IPMN located in the head of the pancreas have been described.
  • We have PHRSD in which the pancreatic head can be completely resected and the major portion of the duodenum can be preserved by this procedure.
  • The 5-year survival rate was 100% in patients with benign IPMN and 42% in patients with invasive IPMN.
  • Long-term outcome was satisfactory without tumor recurrence in noninvasive carcinoma.

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  • [CommentIn] Ann Surg. 2008 Sep;248(3):498-9 [18791375.001]
  • (PMID = 18043093.001).
  • [ISSN] 0003-4932
  • [Journal-full-title] Annals of surgery
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Ann. Surg.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Comparative Study; Journal Article; Multicenter Study
  • [Publication-country] United States
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66. Nagy N, Oláh I: Pyloric tonsil as a novel gut-associated lymphoepithelial organ of the chicken. J Anat; 2007 Sep;211(3):407-11
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  • It forms a complete lymphoid ring at the beginning of the duodenum, where crypts of Lieberkühn are transformed to tonsillar crypts with lymphoepithelial lining.

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  • [ISSN] 0021-8782
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of anatomy
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Anat.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Antigens, CD3; 0 / Biomarkers; 0 / Vimentin; EC 3.1.3.48 / Antigens, CD45
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC2375811
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67. Kinoshita H, Takifuji K, Nakatani Y, Tani M, Uchiyama K, Yamaue H: Duodenoportal fistula caused by peptic ulcer after extended right hepatectomy for hilar cholangiocarcinoma. World J Surg Oncol; 2006;4:84
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  • BACKGROUND: A fistula between the duodenum and the main portal vein near a peptic ulcer is extremely rare, and only two cases of duodenal ulcers have been reported in the past.
  • CASE PRESENTATION: We report a 68-year-old man with a diagnosis of anemia who had a history of extended right hepatectomy for hilar cholangiocarcinoma 20 months previously.
  • The first endoscopic examination revealed a giant peptic ulcer with active bleeding at the posterior wall of the duodenal bulbs, and hemostasis was performed.
  • Endoscopic treatment and transarterial embolization were performed repeatedly because of uncontrollable bleeding from the duodenal ulcer.
  • At autopsy, communication with the main portal vein and duodenal ulcer was observed.

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  • (PMID = 17123451.001).
  • [ISSN] 1477-7819
  • [Journal-full-title] World journal of surgical oncology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] World J Surg Oncol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC1676009
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68. Hellström PM, Grybäck P, Jacobsson H: The physiology of gastric emptying. Best Pract Res Clin Anaesthesiol; 2006 Sep;20(3):397-407
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  • The gastric metabolic load, as well as neural regulatory mechanisms and hormonal influences, cooperate in order to achieve a well-balanced emptying of contents from the stomach into the duodenum for absorption in the small intestine.

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  • (PMID = 17080692.001).
  • [ISSN] 1521-6896
  • [Journal-full-title] Best practice & research. Clinical anaesthesiology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Best Pract Res Clin Anaesthesiol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't; Review
  • [Publication-country] Netherlands
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Gastrointestinal Hormones; 0 / Ghrelin; 0 / Peptide Hormones; 89750-14-1 / Glucagon-Like Peptide 1
  • [Number-of-references] 80
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69. Poeggeler B, Cornélissen G, Huether G, Hardeland R, Józsa R, Zeman M, Stebelova K, Oláh A, Bubenik G, Pan W, Otsuka K, Schwartzkopff O, Bakken EE, Halberg F: Chronomics affirm extending scope of lead in phase of duodenal vs. pineal circadian melatonin rhythms. Biomed Pharmacother; 2005 Oct;59 Suppl 1:S220-4
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  • [Title] Chronomics affirm extending scope of lead in phase of duodenal vs. pineal circadian melatonin rhythms.
  • In Göttingen, Germany, circadian variations in melatonin had been determined time-macroscopically in pineal glands, blood plasma and duodenum of chicken and rats.
  • In rats and chickens, these inferential statistical procedures clearly demonstrated a lead in phase of the 24-h cosine curves best fitting all of the duodenal vs. those best fitting all of the pineal melatonin values in each species in 2 geographic (geomagnetic) locations.

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  • (PMID = 16275498.001).
  • [ISSN] 0753-3322
  • [Journal-full-title] Biomedicine & pharmacotherapy = Biomedecine & pharmacotherapie
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Biomed. Pharmacother.
  • [Language] ENG
  • [Grant] United States / NIGMS NIH HHS / GM / GM013981-43; United States / NIGMS NIH HHS / GM / K06 GM013981; United States / NIGMS NIH HHS / GM / K06 GM013981-43
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Meta-Analysis
  • [Publication-country] France
  • [Chemical-registry-number] JL5DK93RCL / Melatonin
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ NIHMS83846; NLM/ PMC2662383
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70. Hogan SL: The effects of weight loss on calcium and bone. Crit Care Nurs Q; 2005 Jul-Sep;28(3):269-75
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  • These surgical procedures place a person at risk for osteoporosis because of the surgical procedure causing malabsorption that comes from the bypassing of the duodenum, which is the primary location for the absorption of calcium.

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  • (PMID = 16041227.001).
  • [ISSN] 0887-9303
  • [Journal-full-title] Critical care nursing quarterly
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Crit Care Nurs Q
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Calcium, Dietary; SY7Q814VUP / Calcium
  • [Number-of-references] 23
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71. Roy BC, Aoyagi T, Sarkar S, Nomura K, Kanda H, Iwaya K, Tachibana M, Kiyama R: Pathological characterization of Kank in renal cell carcinoma. Exp Mol Pathol; 2005 Feb;78(1):41-8
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  • The Kank gene was found as a candidate tumor suppressor gene at 9p24 by loss-of-heterozygosity search in renal cell carcinoma (RCC) and seems to have a role in controlling the formation of the cytoskeleton through the polymerization of actin.
  • Here, we characterized the Kank protein in renal tubular cells as well as other glandular cells in the colon, stomach, prostate, testis, pancreas, thyroid, uterus, submandibular gland, adrenal, duodenum, and esophagus, and specific cells such as hepatic, alveolar myocardial, and glial cells by using a monoclonal antibody against Kank.
  • [MeSH-major] Carcinoma, Renal Cell / genetics. Gene Expression Regulation, Neoplastic. Kidney Neoplasms / genetics. Tumor Suppressor Proteins / genetics
  • [MeSH-minor] Aged. Biomarkers, Tumor / metabolism. Female. Humans. Immunoenzyme Techniques. Kidney Tubules / metabolism. Kidney Tubules / pathology. Loss of Heterozygosity. Male. Middle Aged. RNA, Messenger / metabolism. Reverse Transcriptase Polymerase Chain Reaction. Tumor Cells, Cultured

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  • (PMID = 15596059.001).
  • [ISSN] 0014-4800
  • [Journal-full-title] Experimental and molecular pathology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Exp. Mol. Pathol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Biomarkers, Tumor; 0 / KANK1 protein, human; 0 / RNA, Messenger; 0 / Tumor Suppressor Proteins
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72. Mangiavillano B, Carrara S, Petrone MC, Arcidiacono PG, Testoni PA: Ascaris lumbricoides-induced acute pancreatitis: diagnosis during EUS for a suspected small pancreatic tumor. JOP; 2009;10(5):570-2
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  • [Title] Ascaris lumbricoides-induced acute pancreatitis: diagnosis during EUS for a suspected small pancreatic tumor.
  • The endoscopy revealeda roundworm floating in the duodenum; its endoultrasonographic appearance showed a diffuse inhomogeneous pattern, with hypoechoic echotexture, such as in acute pancreatitis.
  • CONCLUSION: In non endemic countries, acute pancreatitis induced by Ascaris lumbricoides is an unusual diagnosis, and should be suspected especially in patients with history of traveling in endemic areas.
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Animals. Diagnosis, Differential. Endoscopy, Gastrointestinal. Endosonography. Humans. Intestinal Diseases, Parasitic / ultrasonography. Male. Tumor Burden. Upper Gastrointestinal Tract / ultrasonography

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  • (PMID = 19734641.001).
  • [ISSN] 1590-8577
  • [Journal-full-title] JOP : Journal of the pancreas
  • [ISO-abbreviation] JOP
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Italy
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73. de Decker S, Bovy C, Deflandre J, Moonen M, Van Nes MC: Treatment of a nephrotic syndrome by endoscopic removal of a villous adenoma of the duodenum. Gastroenterol Clin Biol; 2010 Nov;34(11):625-8
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  • [Title] Treatment of a nephrotic syndrome by endoscopic removal of a villous adenoma of the duodenum.
  • We report the case of a patient diagnosed with a villous adenoma of the duodenum showing high degree dysplasia who developed a nephrotic syndrome (NS) due to a membranous nephropathy (MN), demonstrated by renal biopsy.
  • Only the endoscopic resection of the duodenal adenoma could control the NS.
  • If a diagnosis of MN is made, an associated tumour should be looked for.
  • [MeSH-major] Adenoma, Villous / surgery. Duodenal Neoplasms / surgery. Duodenoscopy. Nephrotic Syndrome / surgery

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  • [Copyright] Copyright © 2010 Elsevier Masson SAS. All rights reserved.
  • (PMID = 20850233.001).
  • [ISSN] 0399-8320
  • [Journal-full-title] Gastroentérologie clinique et biologique
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Gastroenterol. Clin. Biol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] France
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74. Zizzo MG, Mulè F, Serio R: Functional evidence for GABA as modulator of the contractility of the longitudinal muscle in mouse duodenum: role of GABA(A) and GABA(C) receptors. Neuropharmacology; 2007 Jun;52(8):1685-90
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  • [Title] Functional evidence for GABA as modulator of the contractility of the longitudinal muscle in mouse duodenum: role of GABA(A) and GABA(C) receptors.
  • We investigated, in vitro, the effects of gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA) on the spontaneous mechanical activity of the longitudinal smooth muscle in mouse duodenum.
  • In conclusion, our study indicates that GABA is a modulator of mechanical activity of longitudinal muscle in mouse duodenum.
  • [MeSH-major] Duodenum / cytology. Muscle Contraction / drug effects. Muscle, Smooth / drug effects. Receptors, GABA / physiology. Receptors, GABA-B / physiology. gamma-Aminobutyric Acid / pharmacology

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  • (PMID = 17517423.001).
  • [ISSN] 0028-3908
  • [Journal-full-title] Neuropharmacology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Neuropharmacology
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / (1,2,5,6-tetrahydropyridin-4-yl)methylphosphinic acid; 0 / GABA Agonists; 0 / GABA Antagonists; 0 / GABA-C receptor; 0 / Phosphinic Acids; 0 / Pyridines; 0 / Receptors, GABA; 0 / Receptors, GABA-B; 04079A1RDZ / Cytarabine; 113737-52-3 / N(4)-chloroacetylcytosine arabinoside; 2763-96-4 / Muscimol; 56-12-2 / gamma-Aminobutyric Acid; Y37615DVKC / Bicuculline
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75. Sang Y, Yang J, Ross CR, Rowland RR, Blecha F: Molecular identification and functional expression of porcine Toll-like receptor (TLR) 3 and TLR7. Vet Immunol Immunopathol; 2008 Sep 15;125(1-2):162-7
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  • Tissue expression profiles showed that TLR3 was highly expressed in kidney, duodenum, spleen and liver, and moderately expressed in bone marrow, lung, and skin.

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  • (PMID = 18533275.001).
  • [ISSN] 0165-2427
  • [Journal-full-title] Veterinary immunology and immunopathology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Vet. Immunol. Immunopathol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Databank-accession-numbers] GENBANK/ DQ647698/ DQ647699
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.
  • [Publication-country] Netherlands
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Aminoquinolines; 0 / Toll-Like Receptor 3; 0 / Toll-Like Receptor 7; 24939-03-5 / Poly I-C; 99011-02-6 / imiquimod
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76. Cueto Rua EA, Guzmán L, Nanfito G, Barrera S, Drut R: [Celiac disease, a paradigmatic disease]. Arch Argent Pediatr; 2008 Apr;106(2):151-4
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  • Biopsies allowing histopathologic diagnosis were taken after detailed endoscopic examina- tion from proximal duodenum.
  • Samples from distal duodenum were within normal histologic range.
  • [MeSH-major] Celiac Disease / diagnosis


77. Vilmann P: [Palliative treatment of malignant obstruction of distal part of the ventricle or duodenum: large incision, small incision or no incision at all?]. Ugeskr Laeger; 2005 Sep 26;167(39):3665
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  • [Title] [Palliative treatment of malignant obstruction of distal part of the ventricle or duodenum: large incision, small incision or no incision at all?].
  • [Transliterated title] Palliativ behandling af malign obstruktion i distale dele af ventriklen eller duodenum: stor incision, lille incision eller ingen incision?
  • [MeSH-major] Duodenal Obstruction / surgery. Gastric Outlet Obstruction / surgery. Gastroenterostomy / methods. Laparoscopy / methods. Palliative Care / methods
  • [MeSH-minor] Duodenal Neoplasms / complications. Duodenal Neoplasms / surgery. Humans. Stents. Stomach Neoplasms / complications. Stomach Neoplasms / surgery

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  • (PMID = 16219210.001).
  • [ISSN] 1603-6824
  • [Journal-full-title] Ugeskrift for laeger
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Ugeskr. Laeg.
  • [Language] dan
  • [Publication-type] Editorial
  • [Publication-country] Denmark
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78. Isenmann R, Henne-Bruns D: [Indications for surgical resection of benign pancreatic tumors]. Radiologe; 2008 Aug;48(8):732; 734-9
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  • [Title] [Indications for surgical resection of benign pancreatic tumors].
  • Benign pancreatic tumors should undergo surgical resection when they are symptomatic or--in the case of incidental discovery--bear malignant potential.
  • This is the case for the majority of benign pancreatic tumors, especially for intraductal papillary mucinous neoplasms or mucinous cystic adenomas.
  • The treatment of choice depends on the localization of the tumor, its size and on whether there is evidence of malignant transformation.
  • Middle pancreatectomy or duodenum-preserving resection of the pancreatic head is not a radical oncologic procedure.

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  • [Cites] Ann Surg. 2006 Jul;244(1):10-5 [16794383.001]
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  • (PMID = 18560798.001).
  • [ISSN] 0033-832X
  • [Journal-full-title] Der Radiologe
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Radiologe
  • [Language] ger
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] Germany
  • [Number-of-references] 30
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79. Beliaev MN, Repin MV, Vagner TE: [Dynamic hepatobiliary scintigraphy in the evaluation of the efficiency of reconstructive surgery in patients after gastrectomy]. Vestn Rentgenol Radiol; 2007 Mar-Apr;(2):34-8
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  • The study was aimed at defining the informative value of dynamic hepatobiliary scintigraphy (HBSG) in the evaluation of duodenal reflux in patients with postgastrectomic disorders after reconstructive surgery.
  • After intravenous injection of 99mTc bromeside in a dose of 74-80 MBq, the areas concerned were identified in the projection of the liver, gallbladder, hepaticocholedochus, duodenum, and stomach for 120 minutes with 60-min cholagogic breakfast.
  • Histrograms were plotted in the activity-time coordinates; hepatic function, gallbladder contractility, and hepaticocholedochal patency were evaluated; the duodenal motor function index and the gastroduodenal reflux were estimated.
  • HBSG is physiological, which makes it possible to reveal duodenal motor-and-evacuation disorders, to specify the reason for poor outcomes of gastrectomy, to objectively evaluate the severity of postgastrectomic disorders, and to determine further treatment policy for this difficult group of patients.

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  • (PMID = 18380196.001).
  • [ISSN] 0042-4676
  • [Journal-full-title] Vestnik rentgenologii i radiologii
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Vestn Rentgenol Radiol
  • [Language] rus
  • [Publication-type] English Abstract; Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] Russia (Federation)
  • [Number-of-references] 6
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80. Taj MH, Mohammad D, Qureshi SA: Outcome of omentopexy as primary repair in perforated duodenal ulcer. J Coll Physicians Surg Pak; 2007 Dec;17(12):731-5
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  • [Title] Outcome of omentopexy as primary repair in perforated duodenal ulcer.
  • OBJECTIVE: This study was conducted to determine the short-term complications and duration of hospital stay in patients treated with omentopexy as primary repair in perforated duodenal ulcer that were more than 12 hours old and more than 0.5 cm in size.
  • PATIENTS AND METHODS: Thirty consecutive patients of perforated duodenal ulcer in whom the duration of perforation was greater than 12 hours and size of perforation was greater than 0.5 cm were included in this study.
  • RESULTS: Perforation was present on the anterior surface of the first part of duodenum in all cases.

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  • (PMID = 18182137.001).
  • [ISSN] 1022-386X
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of the College of Physicians and Surgeons--Pakistan : JCPSP
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Coll Physicians Surg Pak
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Pakistan
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81. Njemanze PC, Njemanze J, Skelton A, Akudo A, Akagha O, Chukwu AA, Peters C, Maduka O: High-frequency ultrasound imaging of the duodenum and colon in patients with symptomatic giardiasis in comparison to amebiasis and healthy subjects. J Gastroenterol Hepatol; 2008 Jul;23(7 Pt 2):e34-42
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  • [Title] High-frequency ultrasound imaging of the duodenum and colon in patients with symptomatic giardiasis in comparison to amebiasis and healthy subjects.
  • AIM: The application of ultrasound may be suitable for evaluating the effects of intestinal cytoskeletal rearrangement of the duodenum and colon as a result of exposure to live Giardia lamblia trophozoites.
  • We studied the sonographic appearance of the duodenum and colon in giardiasis compared with amebiasis and healthy subjects.
  • B-mode ultrasound examination of the duodenum and colon was performed using a 7.5 MHz annular array transducer.
  • RESULTS: Normal duodenum and colon echoanatomy were demonstrated.
  • Giardial lesions of the duodenum and colon were associated with increased wall thickness when compared with healthy subjects (P < 0.05).
  • Furthermore, giardial lesions were characterized by increased wall echogenicity, flattening or loss of duodenal folds and/or colonic haustration, hyperechoic floating foci (HFF) demonstrating chaotic motility, increased peri-lesional tissue echogenicity, and altered colonic peristalsis.
  • In amebiasis, focal hyperechoic wall thickening was seen at lesion sites identified as amebomas with increased wall echogenicity, but otherwise normal duodenal folds and colonic haustration.
  • CONCLUSION: B-mode imaging with water contrast demonstrated details of duodenal and colonic echoanatomy.
  • There were sonographic features of giardial lesions of the duodenum and colon that were distinct from those in amebiasis and healthy subjects.
  • [MeSH-major] Colon / ultrasonography. Duodenum / ultrasonography. Dysentery, Amebic / ultrasonography. Giardiasis / ultrasonography. Ultrasonography, Doppler, Color
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Diagnosis, Differential. Female. Humans. Male. Middle Aged. Predictive Value of Tests. Prospective Studies

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  • (PMID = 17645477.001).
  • [ISSN] 1440-1746
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of gastroenterology and hepatology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Gastroenterol. Hepatol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Comparative Study; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Australia
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82. Di Sabatino A, Rovedatti L, Rosado MM, Carsetti R, Corazza GR, MacDonald TT: Increased expression of mucosal addressin cell adhesion molecule 1 in the duodenum of patients with active celiac disease is associated with depletion of integrin alpha4beta7-positive T cells in blood. Hum Pathol; 2009 May;40(5):699-704
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  • [Title] Increased expression of mucosal addressin cell adhesion molecule 1 in the duodenum of patients with active celiac disease is associated with depletion of integrin alpha4beta7-positive T cells in blood.
  • We explored the duodenal expression of mucosal addressin cell adhesion molecule 1 and the peripheral T-cell expression of integrin alpha(4)beta(7) in patients with celiac disease.
  • Duodenal biopsies and a peripheral blood sample were collected from 15 celiac patients, before and after 12 months of gluten-free diet, and from 12 control subjects.
  • [MeSH-major] Celiac Disease / immunology. Duodenum / immunology. Immunoglobulins / biosynthesis. Mucoproteins / biosynthesis. T-Lymphocyte Subsets / immunology. T-Lymphocytes / immunology

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  • (PMID = 19157500.001).
  • [ISSN] 1532-8392
  • [Journal-full-title] Human pathology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Hum. Pathol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Immunoglobulins; 0 / Integrins; 0 / MADCAM1 protein, human; 0 / Mucoproteins; 0 / integrin alpha4beta7
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83. Pourhassan S, Grotemeyer D, Fürst G, Rudolph J, Sandmann W: Infrarenal transposition of the superior mesenteric artery: a new approach in the surgical therapy for Wilkie syndrome. J Vasc Surg; 2008 Jan;47(1):201-4
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  • The superior mesenteric artery syndrome, also known as Wilkie syndrome or as arteriomesenteric obstruction of the duodenum, is a rare condition of upper intestinal obstruction in which the third part of the duodenum is compressed by the overlying, narrow-angled superior mesenteric artery against the posterior structures.

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  • (PMID = 17949939.001).
  • [ISSN] 0741-5214
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of vascular surgery
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Vasc. Surg.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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84. Zhang XM, Dong L, Liu LN, Lei YM: Effect of SC-435 on the gastrointestinal migrating myoelectric complex in guinea pigs. Zhong Nan Da Xue Xue Bao Yi Xue Ban; 2005 Oct;30(5):497-503
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  • At the end of the feeding period, the gallbladder motility was assessed and then four bipolar silver electrodes were implanted on the antrum, duodenum, jejunum, and ileum.
  • The places of origin of MMC were changed where antral origins (37%) and duodenal origins (46%) decreased whereas jejunal origins (17%) increased.
  • The MMC cycle period was prolonged in the duodenum (1.16 times in the 4-week group, P < 0.05; 1.38 times in the 8-week group, P < 0.05) whereas MMC amplitude fell in the duodenum (10.58% in the 4-week group, P <0.05; 49.17% in the 8-week group, P <0.05).

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  • (PMID = 16320575.001).
  • [ISSN] 1672-7347
  • [Journal-full-title] Zhong nan da xue xue bao. Yi xue ban = Journal of Central South University. Medical sciences
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Zhong Nan Da Xue Xue Bao Yi Xue Ban
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] China
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / 1-(4-(4-(3,3-dibutyl-7-(dimethylamino)-2,3,4,5-tetrahydro-4-hydroxy-1,1-dioxido-1-benzothiepin-5-yl)phenoxy)butyl)-4-aza-1-azoniabicyclo(2.2.2)octane; 0 / Bile Acids and Salts; 0 / Cyclic N-Oxides; 0 / Organic Anion Transporters, Sodium-Dependent; 0 / Symporters; 0 / Tropanes; 145420-23-1 / sodium-bile acid cotransporter
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85. Spector D, Shikora S: Neuro-modulation and bariatric surgery for type 2 diabetes mellitus. Int J Clin Pract Suppl; 2010 Feb;(166):53-8
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  • In the second theory, 'the foregut hypothesis', the exclusion of the duodenum results in the inhibition of a 'putative' signal that is responsible for insulin resistance (IR) and/or abnormal glycaemic control.


86. Zhang XL, Yu XH, Tang XY, Song BH, Ling H, Liu YW, Wang ZL: [Prophylactic immunization of dangguibuxue decoction against Cryptosporidium infection in immune suppressed mice]. Zhongguo Ji Sheng Chong Xue Yu Ji Sheng Chong Bing Za Zhi; 2008 Jun 30;26(3):179-82
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  • Pathological change of duodenum and jejunum was observed microscopically.

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  • (PMID = 19160962.001).
  • [ISSN] 1000-7423
  • [Journal-full-title] Zhongguo ji sheng chong xue yu ji sheng chong bing za zhi = Chinese journal of parasitology & parasitic diseases
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Zhongguo Ji Sheng Chong Xue Yu Ji Sheng Chong Bing Za Zhi
  • [Language] chi
  • [Publication-type] English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] China
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Drugs, Chinese Herbal; 0 / Plant Extracts; 0 / danggui buxue decoction
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87. Nawrot-Porabka K, Jaworek J, Leja-Szpak A, Szklarczyk J, Kot M, Mitis-Musioł M, Konturek SJ, Pawlik WW: Involvement of vagal nerves in the pancreatostimulatory effects of luminal melatonin, or its precursor L-tryptophan. Study in the rats. J Physiol Pharmacol; 2007 Dec;58 Suppl 6:81-95
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  • METHODS: Under pentobarbiturate anesthesia the Wistar rats weighting 300g were surgically equipped with silicone catheters, one of them was inserted into pancreato-biliary duct, the other one--into duodenum.
  • [MeSH-minor] Animals. Cholecystokinin / blood. Dose-Response Relationship, Drug. Duodenum / metabolism. Male. Pancreatic Juice / secretion. Proglumide / administration & dosage. Proglumide / analogs & derivatives. Proglumide / pharmacology. Rats. Rats, Wistar. Receptor, Cholecystokinin A / antagonists & inhibitors. Receptor, Cholecystokinin A / physiology. Vagotomy

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  • (PMID = 18212402.001).
  • [ISSN] 0867-5910
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of physiology and pharmacology : an official journal of the Polish Physiological Society
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Physiol. Pharmacol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Poland
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Receptor, Cholecystokinin A; 8DUH1N11BX / Tryptophan; 9011-97-6 / Cholecystokinin; EPL8W5565D / Proglumide; JL5DK93RCL / Melatonin; LAD1UQ73BE / lorglumide
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88. Bartell SM, Batal AB: The effect of supplemental glutamine on growth performance, development of the gastrointestinal tract, and humoral immune response of broilers. Poult Sci; 2007 Sep;86(9):1940-7
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  • On d 4, 7, 14, and 21, twelve chicks per treatment (2 chicks/pen) were killed for thymus, spleen, bursa, duodenum, jejunum, ileum, bile, and blood sample collections and weights.

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  • (PMID = 17704382.001).
  • [ISSN] 0032-5791
  • [Journal-full-title] Poultry science
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Poult. Sci.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Randomized Controlled Trial
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Immunoglobulins; 0RH81L854J / Glutamine
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89. Shafik A, El Sibai O, Shafik A: Study of the duodenal contractile activity during antral contractions. World J Gastroenterol; 2007 May 14;13(18):2600-3
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  • [Title] Study of the duodenal contractile activity during antral contractions.
  • AIM: To investigate the hypothesis that duodenal bulb (DB) inhibition on pyloric antrum (PA) contraction is reflex.
  • METHODS: Balloon (condom)-tipped tube was introduced into 1(st) duodenum (DD) and a manometric tube into each of PA and DD.
  • Duodenal and antral pressure response to duodenal and then PA balloon distension with saline was recorded.
  • PA relaxation upon DD contraction is postulated to be mediated through a reflex which we call duodeno-antral reflex.
  • Meanwhile, PA distension effected DD relaxation which we suggest to be reflex and termed antro-duodenal reflex.
  • It is suggested that these 2 reflexes, could act as investigative tools in diagnosis of gastroduodenal motility disorders.
  • [MeSH-major] Duodenum / physiology. Gastric Emptying / physiology. Gastrointestinal Motility / physiology. Pyloric Antrum / physiology

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  • (PMID = 17552009.001).
  • [ISSN] 1007-9327
  • [Journal-full-title] World journal of gastroenterology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] World J. Gastroenterol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] China
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC4146822
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90. Hillenbrand A, Waidner U, Henne-Bruns D, Maria Wolf A, Buttenschoen K: After 3 years of starvation: duodenum swallowed remaining stomach. Obes Surg; 2009 May;19(5):664-6
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  • [Title] After 3 years of starvation: duodenum swallowed remaining stomach.
  • A computed tomography of the abdomen showed an invagination of the remaining stomach into the duodenum causing obstruction of the orifice of common bile duct.
  • [MeSH-major] Cholestasis, Extrahepatic / etiology. Duodenal Diseases / etiology. Gastric Bypass / adverse effects. Gastric Stump / pathology. Intussusception / etiology. Obesity, Morbid / surgery

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  • (PMID = 19291339.001).
  • [ISSN] 0960-8923
  • [Journal-full-title] Obesity surgery
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Obes Surg
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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91. Asoglu O, Karanlik H, Barbaros U, Yanar H, Kapran Y, Kecer M, Parlak M: Malignant phyllode tumor metastatic to the duodenum. World J Gastroenterol; 2006 Mar 14;12(10):1649-51
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  • [Title] Malignant phyllode tumor metastatic to the duodenum.
  • Phyllode tumor (PT) is extremely rare tumor of the breast.
  • Distant metastasis occurs in 10%-20% of patients with malignant phyllode tumor.
  • Although theoretically any organ may have metastasis, an isolated duodenum metastasis has not been documented as yet in the English-language literature.
  • We report herein a case with a isolated duodenal metastasis from PT of breast in a 31 year-old-woman who underwent right mastectomy 4 years before because of the recurrent malignant PT.
  • Clinical evaluation revealed a huge mass originated from duodenum.
  • Urgent laparotomy and pancreaticoduodenectomy were carried out in order to remove the bleeding duodenal mass.
  • The pathologic examination of the resected specimen showed a malignant spindle cell tumor consistent with metastatic malignant PT.
  • Our case of gastrointestinal bleeding due to an isolated duodenal metastasis as a result of hematogenous spread from malignant phyllode tumor of breast is unique in the English literature and pancreaticoduodenectomy is a curative treatment for patients with isolated duodenal involvement.
  • [MeSH-major] Breast Neoplasms / pathology. Duodenal Neoplasms / secondary. Phyllodes Tumor / secondary
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Female. Humans. Intestinal Mucosa / pathology. Neoplasm Metastasis. Pancreaticoduodenectomy. Tomography, X-Ray Computed

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  • (PMID = 16570365.001).
  • [ISSN] 1007-9327
  • [Journal-full-title] World journal of gastroenterology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] World J. Gastroenterol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] China
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC4124305
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92. Spitzer AL, Mukhtar RA, Harris HW: Image of the month--quiz case. Traumatic intramuscular cyst of the duodenum. Arch Surg; 2005 Oct;140(10):1005-6
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  • [Title] Image of the month--quiz case. Traumatic intramuscular cyst of the duodenum.
  • [MeSH-major] Abdominal Injuries / radiography. Duodenum / injuries. Tomography, X-Ray Computed

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  • (PMID = 16230553.001).
  • [ISSN] 0004-0010
  • [Journal-full-title] Archives of surgery (Chicago, Ill. : 1960)
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Arch Surg
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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93. Oguri H: [A case of multiple gastrointestinal stromal tumors of the duodenum and jejunum with von Recklinghausen's disease in which CT during angiography was useful for localization and diagnosis]. Nihon Shokakibyo Gakkai Zasshi; 2009 Sep;106(9):1351-8
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  • [Title] [A case of multiple gastrointestinal stromal tumors of the duodenum and jejunum with von Recklinghausen's disease in which CT during angiography was useful for localization and diagnosis].
  • Abdominal computed tomography and small intestinal fiberscopy revealed a submucosal tumor in the third portion of the duodenum.
  • CT during angiography showed three small tumor stains on the jejunum, which were not able to be diagnosed on contrast-enhanced CT.
  • The operative findings showed a tumor in the third portion of the duodenum and three small tumors in the jejunum.
  • These tumors, which were immunohistochemically positive for KIT, were diagnosed as multiple gastrointestinal stromal tumors of the duodenum and jejunum.
  • For this case, CT during angiography was useful for localization and diagnosis of multiple lesions on the small intestines.
  • [MeSH-major] Duodenal Neoplasms / radiography. Gastrointestinal Stromal Tumors / radiography. Jejunal Neoplasms / radiography. Neoplasms, Multiple Primary / radiography. Neurofibromatosis 1 / complications

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  • (PMID = 19734707.001).
  • [ISSN] 0446-6586
  • [Journal-full-title] Nihon Shokakibyo Gakkai zasshi = The Japanese journal of gastro-enterology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Nihon Shokakibyo Gakkai Zasshi
  • [Language] jpn
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Japan
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94. Spalding DR, Isla AM, Thompson JN, Williamson RC: Pancreas-sparing distal duodenectomy for infrapapillary neoplasms. Ann R Coll Surg Engl; 2007 Mar;89(2):130-5
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  • INTRODUCTION: For neoplasms that arise in the third and fourth parts of the duodenum (D(3), D(4)), a duodenectomy that preserves the pancreas can provide adequate tumour clearance while avoiding the additional dissection and risk of the common alternative, pancreatoduodenectomy.
  • PATIENTS AND METHODS: Pancreas-sparing distal duodenectomy (PSDD) was performed in 14 patients with infrapapillary duodenal neoplasms between 1991-2002, and the clinical outcome is reviewed.
  • The operation entails careful separation of the lower pancreatic head from D(3), complete mobilisation of the ligament of Treitz and end-to-end duodenojejunal anastomosis 1-3 cm below the major duodenal papilla.
  • There were 11 malignant neoplasms (adenocarcinoma 5, stromal tumour 4, recurrent seminoma 1, plasmacytoma 1), 2 benign neoplasms (villous adenoma, lipoma) and 1 patient with steroid-induced ulceration.
  • Median operation time was 240 min and median blood loss 1197 ml, being greater for malignant than benign lesions (1500 ml versus 700 ml).
  • CONCLUSIONS: Provided there is a minimum 1-cm clearance at the papilla, PSDD is a useful alternative to formal pancreatoduodenectomy in patients with unusual neoplasms arising from the third and fourth parts of the duodenum.
  • [MeSH-major] Adenocarcinoma, Papillary / surgery. Duodenal Neoplasms / surgery. Pancreas / surgery. Pancreaticoduodenectomy / methods

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  • (PMID = 17346405.001).
  • [ISSN] 1478-7083
  • [Journal-full-title] Annals of the Royal College of Surgeons of England
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Ann R Coll Surg Engl
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC1964558
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95. Stauffer JA, Steers JL, Bonatti H, Dougherty MK, Aranda-Michel J, Dickson RC, Harnois DM, Nguyen JH: Liver transplantation and pancreatic resection: a single-center experience and a review of the literature. Liver Transpl; 2009 Dec;15(12):1728-37
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  • Indications for pancreatic resection included cholangiocarcinoma (n = 6), neuroendocrine tumor (n = 5), pancreatic cancer (n = 2), gastrointestinal stromal tumor (n = 1), periampullary adenocarcinoma (n = 1), duodenal adenomas (n = 1), and benign pancreatic mass (n = 1).
  • Indications for liver transplantation were metastatic neuroendocrine tumor disease (n = 5), primary sclerosing cholangitis (n = 5), hepatitis C virus (n = 2), metastatic gastrointestinal stromal tumor (n = 1), Klatskin tumor (n = 1), alcohol cirrhosis (n = 1), alpha-1 antitrypsin deficiency (n = 1), and chemotherapy-induced cirrhosis (n = 1).
  • One patient died intraoperatively, 7 patients died of tumor recurrence, 2 patients died from transplant complications, and 7 patients are still alive.


96. Avcu S, Ozen O, Bulut MD, Bora A: Hepatic metastases of primary jejunal carcinoid tumor: A case report with radiological findings. N Am J Med Sci; 2009 Nov;1(6):305-8
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  • [Title] Hepatic metastases of primary jejunal carcinoid tumor: A case report with radiological findings.
  • Various sites of origin of this neoplasm are appendix - 30-45%, small bowel - 25-35% (duodenum 2%, jejunum 7%, ileum 91%, multiple sites 15-35%), rectum 10-15%, caecum - 5%, and stomach - 0.5%.
  • CASE REPORT: Here we report a case of primary jejunal carcinoid tumor in a 66-year-old woman metastasizing to liver with ultrasonography, computed tomography, and diffusion-weighted magnetic resonance imaging (DWI) findings.
  • CONCLUSION: Primary jejunal carcinoid tumor is a rare entity.
  • DWI can help in the differential diagnosis of hepatic hypervascular metastatic mass lesions from benign ones, as well as in the diagnosis of carcinoid tumor.

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  • (PMID = 22666712.001).
  • [ISSN] 2250-1541
  • [Journal-full-title] North American journal of medical sciences
  • [ISO-abbreviation] N Am J Med Sci
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] India
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC3364631
  • [Keywords] NOTNLM ; Carcinoid / diffusion weighted MRI / jejunum / metastases / small bowel
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97. Joyce DL, Hong K, Fishman EK, Wisell J, Pawlik TM: Multi-visceral resection of pancreatic VIPoma in a patient with sinistral portal hypertension. World J Surg Oncol; 2008;6:80
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  • A three-dimensional (3-D) pancreas protocol computed tomography scan revealed an 18 x 12 cm pancreatic VIPoma abutting the liver, stomach, spleen, left adrenal, colon that also invaded the distal duodenum - proximal jejunum at the ligament of Treitz in association with sinistral portal hypertension.

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  • (PMID = 18662399.001).
  • [ISSN] 1477-7819
  • [Journal-full-title] World journal of surgical oncology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] World J Surg Oncol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC2517072
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98. Paparelli C, Cavallaro G, Basso L, Polistena A, Mingazzini PL, De Toma G: Giant GIST of the mesocolon: report of a case. Minerva Chir; 2006 Dec;61(6):537-40
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  • Two thirds of GISTs are found in the stomach, 20% to 50% in the small bowel (one third in the duodenum), and 5% to 15% in colon and rectum; GISTs, however, may rarely be found also in the oesophagus, omentum, mesentery or the retroperitoneum.
  • The Autohrs report a case of giant malignant GIST arising from transverse mesocolon, treated by en-bloc resection of the tumor with a segment of transverse colon and great omentum.

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  • (PMID = 17211362.001).
  • [ISSN] 0026-4733
  • [Journal-full-title] Minerva chirurgica
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Minerva Chir
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Italy
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99. Mainwaring CJ, Pleydell-Pearce J, Chana J, Evans J, Roy A, Lewis H: An unusual complication of ice skating and the emergence of a previously undiagnosed bleeding disorder. Haemophilia; 2006 Sep;12(5):551-4
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  • [Title] An unusual complication of ice skating and the emergence of a previously undiagnosed bleeding disorder.
  • An ultrasound scan confirmed a large haemorrhagic fluid collection adjacent to the second part of his duodenum that was causing a subacute small-bowel obstruction.
  • [MeSH-major] Accidental Falls. Factor VII Deficiency / diagnosis. Gastrointestinal Hemorrhage / etiology. Hematoma / etiology. Skating

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  • (PMID = 16919089.001).
  • [ISSN] 1351-8216
  • [Journal-full-title] Haemophilia : the official journal of the World Federation of Hemophilia
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Haemophilia
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Blood Coagulation Factors; 0 / Recombinant Proteins; 0 / recombinant FVIIa; 9001-25-6 / Factor VII; EC 3.4.21.21 / Factor VIIa
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